Europan 15 Results Catalogue - Productive Cities /2

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PRO DU CTIVE

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CITIES A

EUROPAN 15

RESULTS


Productive City / 2 Europan 15 results The Europan 15 results catalogue presents at the European scale the 136 prize-winning projects in 47 cities from 12 participating countries, taking into account the theme of the session “Productive Cities”. The projects of 44 winners, 47 runners-up and 45 special mentions are classified into 6 thematic families: CHANGING METABOLISM — Multiplying and connecting agencies CHANGING METABOLISM — From linear to circular economy CREATING PROXIMITIES — Third spaces in-between CREATING PROXIMITIES — Interfaces and short cycles B

IMPLANTING — Productive uses IMPLANTING — Productive milieus Each sites family is introduced by a point of view of experts putting into perspective a selection of projects in relation to the corresponding topic. Each site is presented by an interview of the representative. Each project is presented through images, a text of the team and the point of view of the jury (for the winners and runners-up).


Preface Anna Catasta President of Europan The 15th session of Europan took place when the exceptional situation caused by the medical emergency of the Covid 19 pandemic had not yet occurred. European cities proposed 47 sites from 12 European countries to attract submissions inspired by the theme of “Productive Cities”, developed by young urban, architectural and landscape design professionals aged under 40. Places and contexts that had been marked by earlier purposes and practices were rethought to harmonise with the new priorities of urban locations, notably as living entities with their own metabolism, around the competition’s three main topics: Resources, Mobility, Equity. 1241 teams registered for the Europan 15 competition. 11 national juries, some of them working together, undertook the analysis and evaluation of the 901 projects submitted. The juries met in two sittings in the second half of 2019. The quality of the submissions is evidenced by the large number of projects shortlisted following the first sitting (230, i.e. more than 25% of the proposals). In mid-October 2019, the European Cities and Juries Forum, which was held in ­Innsbruck (AT), provided an opportunity to explore the themes and proposals further by bringing together the juries and site representatives to debate issues that went well beyond local concerns alone. Together, the juries selected 136 projects —44 winners, 47 runners-up, and 45 special mentions. These projects offer a long-term vision of the possible metamorphosis of the sites, but many of them are also process-projects that suggest modes of development over time. Indeed, building the productive city requires all the actors to unite around the ideas proposed and to contribute to actions that go beyond sectoral priorities and are as much political as spatial, as much public as private, as much local as global. The projects presented in this catalogue are divided up into families of sites according to themes, and include the winners and runners-up, but also projects that the 11 juries perceived as significant. Articles by experts who followed developments throughout the session compare the projects, and elucidate their meaning in relation to the central theme. Over the space of a few months, much has changed in Europe and around the world. The future of our cities depends on their capacity to respond to new and significant challenges, such as those relating to public health and unforeseen emergencies. The relationship between the domestic dimension and public space is changing, the dichotomy between working life and personal life becoming less marked. More than ever, the reality of Europan is embedded in the need to support and enhance the processes of communication between municipalities and young professionals, and to contribute to the design and implementation of new ideas. This will be a particular challenge for the next session of the competition, Europan 16, which will focus on the theme of “Living Cities”.


Table of Contents 1 Preface

Anna Catasta, President of Europan

4

E15 Map of sites

JUDGMENT

6

8

How are Europan projects assessed?

12

E15 Juries Presentation

WINNING PROJECTS 136 projects: 44 winners, 47 runners-up and 45 special mentions

RESULTS

18

20

Towards Regenerative Eco-Productive Milieus

Didier Rebois (FR), architect, teacher and Secretary General of Europan + Chris Younès (FR), anthro-philosopher, researcher and professor

1/ CHANGING METABOLISM

26

2

1/a Multiplying and Connecting Agencies

28

Learning to Multiply

Miriam García García (ES), PhD in Architecture, landscape architect & urban designer

34 35 36 37

Borås (SE) Winner – Made in Borås Runner-Up – Plugin 2 Produce Special Mention – Re:Mediate

38 39 40 41

Champigny-sur-marne (FR) Winner – Lost Highway – (L)earning from A87 Runner-Up – Stamping Ground Special Mention – Verdoyer, cultiver, hybrider

42 43 44

Guovdageaidnu (NO) Winner – Catalogue of Ideas Winner – Radical Reimagining

46 47 48 49

Marseille (FR) Runner-Up – 43°20’3’’N 5°21’39’’E: Manifeste clinique Runner-Up – Learning from Marseille Runner-Up – Le Faubourg du réemploi

50 51 52 53

Nin (HR) Winner – Soft Buffers Runner-Up – MOVEnIN Special Mention – A Moment Apart

54 55 56

Rotterdam Vierhavensblok (NL) Winner – Makers’ Maze Runner-Up – Platform of Commons

58 59 60 61

Täby (SE) Winner – The Generous City Runner-Up – Living Proximities Special Mention – Den Gröna Kilen

62 63 64

Weiz (AT) Winner – Learning from the Future Runner-Up – Weiz Archipelago

66

1/b From Linear to Circular Economy

68

Definitions of Circularity

Carlos Arroyo (ES), architect, urbanist, linguist, teacher

74 75 76

Charleroi (BE) Runner-Up – Forging the Fallow Special Mention – Carsid sur la Sàmbre Special Mention – Matière savante

78 79 80 81

Enköping (SE) Winner – Root City Runner-Up – Painting Greyfields Special Mention – Live + Work + Innovate

82 83 84 85

Graz (AT) Winner – 47Nord15Ost Runner-Up – Of Cycles and Streams Special Mention – Island (e)Scape

86 87 88

Karlovac (HR) Winner – The Fantastic Forest Phenomenon Runner-Up – Open City

90 91 92 93

Laterza (IT) Winner – O’ Sciuvilo Runner-Up – LA3: a Productive Square Special Mention – Up-CyclinGravina

94 95 96 97

Port-Jérôme-sur-Seine (FR) Winner – Boîtes à secrets Runner-Up – La ville école Special Mention – Reveal the City: the Telhu’Halle

98 99 100 101

Rochefort Océan (FR) Winner – L’escargot, la méduse et le bégonia Winner – Let the River In! Special Mention – Be Kind, Rewild

102 103 104 105

Warszawa (PL) Winner – Feedback Placemaking Runner-Up – NEWneighbourHUT Special Mention – Volcano

2/ CREATING PROXIMITIES

106

2/a Third Spaces In-between 108 Third Space as Transitional Agent

Socrates Stratis (CY), PhD in Architecture, urbanist and associate professor

114 Hyvinkää (FI) 115 116 117

Winner – Symbiotic Fabric Runner-Up – Come Together Special Mention – Come Together Special Mention – The Green Ring

118 La Louvière (BE) 119 Winner – InterActions 120 121 122 123 124

Lasarte-Oria (ES) Winner – Common Node Runner-Up – Agrihub Runner-Up – Lo-Lo-Land Special Mention – Baserritar 4.0 Special Mention – Basohiria

126 127 128 129

Madrid – La Arboleda (ES) Winner – Proxiphery Special Mention – Treeness – Productive Arboleda Special Mention – Urban Biotope Special Mention – Zipper City

130 Rødberg (NO) 131 Winner – N.E.W (New Era Wharf) 132 Runner-Up – Lanterner 134 Rotterdam Kop Dakpark (NL) 135 Winner – Hybrid Parliament 136 Runner-Up – Coop*Work*Park 138 139 140 141

Sant Climent de Llobregat (ES) Winner – Prunus Avium Runner-Up – Masoveri@ Special Mention – The Shape of Water

142 143 144 145

Villach (AT) Runner-Up – Stadthöfe Runner-Up – Thresholds (Myth) Special Mention – The Prosperity of a non-Efficient Neighbourhood


146 2/b

Interfaces and short cycles

148 Connectors and Enablers

Blaž Babnik Romaniuk (SI), Architect

154 155 156 157

Auby (FR) Winner – Extractions, from Source to Resources Runner-Up – Grey Matter Runner-Up – Productive Synergy

158 159 160 161

Casar de Cáceres (ES) Winner – La Charca de la Abundancia Runner-Up – Quesar de Cáceres Special Mention – Ithaka Special Mention – Hybrid Landscapes

162 Floirac (FR) 163 Winner – Souys-Lab

192 193 194 195 196

Oliva (ES) Winner – Productive Memories Runner-Up – Even a Brick Wants to Be Something Special Mention – Lattice-Work Special Mention – Look Back, Move Forward! Special Mention – Loop-settling

198 199 200 201

Pays de Dreux (FR) Winner – Urbanisme agricole Runner-Up – Ecological Magnets Special Mention – A(gri)puncture

202 Rotterdam Groot IJsselmonde (NL) 203 Winner – Hartland 204 Runner-Up – Semi-Urban IJsselmonde 206 Uddevalla (SE)

164 Runner-Up – Augmented Materials 165 Special Mention – New Mythology

207 Winner – Jalla! 208 Runner-Up – Wake “Bu-Hov-Berg” Up! 209 Special Mention – Plant Uddevalla

166 167 168 169

Halmstad (SE) Winner – Connection Hub Runner-Up – Walking Halmstad Special Mention – #Stationsstaden

210 Verbania (IT) 211 Winner – Landscape in Between 212 Runner-Up – Lung Hub

170 171 172

Romainville (FR) Runner-Up – Métropolis métabolisme Special Mention – Bridging Productivities Special Mention – L.A.B.S

174 175 176

Rotterdam Brainpark I (NL) Winner – Team Brainpark Special Mention – Building upon Brainpark Special Mention – Elegy for the Office Park

178 Selb (DE) 179 Winner – Scherben bringen Glück 180 Special Mention – Selbstgemacht

3/ IMPLANTING 182 3/a

Productive Uses

184 Types and Fields

Julio de la Fuente (ES), Architect and urbanist

188 Innsbruck (AT) 189 Runner-Up – Happy Valley 190 Runner-Up – The Green Heart

214 215 216 217

Visby (SE) Winner – A Green Settlement – Outside the Wall Runner-Up – See you Between the Wall and the City Special Mention – The Great Visby

218 Wien (AT) 219 Winner – Capability Mound 220 Runner-Up – Der Januskopf

240 241 242 243

Helsingborg (SE) Winner – A Seat at the Table Runner-Up – Hello Helsingborg Special Mention – The Beach

244 245 246

Palma (ES) Winner – Beginning at the End Special Mention – Infrastructural Fields Special Mention – Parc-in

248 249 250 251

Raufoss (NO) Winner – Sewn Heart Runner-Up – This Must Be the Place Special Mention – Today Tomorrow

252 Rotterdam Visserijplein (NL) 253 Winner – Rambla + Kapsalon 254 Runner-Up – Productive Void 255 Special Mention – Rotterdam Housing-Hub 256 257 258 259

Saint-Omer (FR) Winner – Hydro-Productive Parks Runner-Up – Saint-Omer: 9 Places to the Sea Special Mention – Social Infrastructures

260 261 262 263

Tuusula (FI) Winner – Anttila Farm Incubator Runner-Up – 60ºNorth Special Mention – Pihabitat Special Mention – Symbiosis

WHAT NEXT?

264 222 3/b

Productive Milieus

224 Time as Agent to Implant Productive Milieus and to Rethink New Interactions Between Human and Nonhuman

Céline Bodart (BE), Architect, PhD in Architecture, researcher and professor and Dimitri Szuter (FR), Architect, researcher, dancer and performer

230 231 232 233 234

Barcelona (ES) Runner-Up – Blue Lines Runner-Up – Living Soils Runner-Up – Overlapping Vallbona Special Mention – Interchanger

236 Bergische Kooperation (DE) 237 Winner – Bergisch Plugin 238 Winner – The Productive Region

266 Projects-Processes Manifesto

Bernd Vlay (AT), architect, president of Europan Austria, Europan Scientific Committee’s member. With the contribution of the other Europan Scientific Committee’s members

270 Europan Secretariats 272 Credits

3


E15 Map of sites

GUOVDAGEAIDNU

HYVINKÄÄ TUUSULA

RAUFOSS RØDBERG

TÄBY

ENKÖPING UDDEVALLA   BORÅS

VISBY

HALMSTAD HELSINGBORG ROTTERDAM BRAINPARK I ROTTERDAM GROOT IJSSELMONDE ROTTERDAM KOP DAKPARK ROTTERDAM VISSERIJPLEIN ROTTERDAM VIERHAVENSBLOK AUBY SAINT OMER

BERGISCHE KOOPERATION SELB LA LOUVIÈRE

WARSZAWA

CHARLEROI

4

PORT-JÉRÔME-SUR-SEINE PAYS DE DREUX

WIEN

ROMAINVILLE   CHAMPIGNY-SUR-MARNE

WEIZ GRAZ

INNSBRUCK

VILLACH ROCHEFORT OCÉAN FLOIRAC

VERBANIA

KARLOVAC

LASARTE-ORIA MARSEILLE MADRID - LA ARBOLEDA

BARCELONA

NIN

SANT CLIMENT DE LLOBREGAT CASAR DE CÁCERES OLIVA

PALMA

LATERZA


2. CREATING PROXIMITIES

1. CHANGING METABOLISM

3. IMPLANTING

1.A Multiplying and Connecting Agencies

2.A Third Spaces In-Between

3.A Productive Uses

1.B From Linear to Circular Economy

2.B Interfaces and Short Cycles

3.B Productive Milieus

BELGIQUE / BELGIË / BELGIEN Charleroi La Louvière

NORGE 74 118

Guovdageaidnu

42

Raufoss

248

Rødberg

130

DEUTSCHLAND ÖSTERREICH Bergische Kooperation

236

Selb

178

ESPAÑA Barcelona

230

Casar de Cáceres

158

Lasarte-Oria

120

Madrid – La Arboleda

126

Oliva

192

Palma

244

Sant Climent de Llobregat

138

FRANCE Auby Champigny-sur-Marne Floirac Marseille Pays de Dreux Port-Jérôme-sur-Seine Rochefort Océan

Graz

82

Innsbruck

188

Villach

142

Weiz

62

Wien

218

POLSKA Warszawa

102

SUOMI-FINLAND Hyvinkää

114

Tuusula

260

154 38

SVERIGE

162 46

Borås

34

198

Enköping

78

94

Halmstad

166

Helsingborg

240

98

Romainville

170

Täby

Saint-Omer

256

Uddevalla

206

Visby

214

HRVATSKA Karlovac

86

Nin

50

ITALIA Laterza

90

Verbania

210

NEDERLAND Rotterdam Brainpark I

174

Rotterdam Groot IJsselmonde 202 Rotterdam Kop Dakpark Rotterdam Vierhavensblok Rotterdam Visserijplein

134 54 252

58

5


6

JUD


7

DGMENT


How are Europan projects assessed? Didier Rebois (FR) — General Secretary of Europan

8

Before discovering the winning projects in this 15th

However, it is also a competition “followed by

session of Europan, it is perhaps worth reminding

implementations”, in which the aim is not only to reward

readers how the proposals submitted for the

innovative ideas, but also to convert those ideas into

competition are assessed.

more developed design processes and ultimately into

In fact, right from the creation of Europan 30 years

real operations.

ago, great importance has been attributed to this

This paradox partly explains the time and effort

phase of assessment, and to the award —through

invested in choosing the teams that will be awarded

the different national juries— of some 100 prizes per

the “Europan label” for their ideas, and in some cases

session (winners and runners-up combined), plus

go on to receive commissions for a second, so-called

special mention projects without prizes, out of the

“operational” phase. The juries have the difficult task

approximately 900 projects submitted. The filtering

of analysing the three panels the teams are required

process in this assessment phase is important and the

to submit, picking out projects that offer an innovative

choice of the winning teams is a strategic issue not only

perspective, an original vision, of the question raised

for the teams themselves, but also for the partners who

by the site, within the framework of a global theme

participate in the competition.

(the session topic), and awarding the Europan “label”.

Indeed, in its founding principle, Europan is called

At the same time, however, the selected projects

a “competition of ideas”, and the primary objective

need to offer a strategy that sets out key orientations

is to reward innovative projects devised by young

for implementing their ideas over time, within a given

European professionals of architectural, urban and

context. The best projects in a session are those that

landscape design.

meet both these requirements.

JURY SESSION IN BELGIUM

JURY SESSION IN FRANCE

JURY SESSION IN NETHERLANDS

JURY SESSION IN NORWAY

JURY SESSION IN SPAIN

JURY SESSION IN SWEDEN


©Daniela Mossbauer

JURY SESSION IN AUSTRIA

JURY SESSION IN CROATIA

JURY SESSION IN ITALY

COMMON EUROPEAN RULES FOR ALL

on the basis of their quality and innovativeness rather

THE COMPETITIONS WITHIN A SESSION…

than simply their immediate operational feasibility.

BUT WITH VARIANTS THAT REFLECT COMPETITION CULTURES IN THE DIFFERENT COUNTRIES

Technical committees with varying roles The juries are assisted by technical committees which

Teams from different countries to ensure

do the preliminary work, analysing the content of the

a process of acculturation

projects and informing the juries of any infringement

One of the founding principles of Europan—

of the rules. Depending on the competition philosophy

to encourage the movement of young professionals

in the countries concerned, the role of this committee

of urban, landscape and architectural design within

can vary in importance. In countries where the number

Europe— was to open up the competition on a site,

of sites and submissions to be assessed is limited, the

regardless of its location, to all these professionals,

custom is for the jury to be responsible for the pre-

whatever their country of residence, provided that they

analysis of the projects, the committee and the jury

have a degree from a European university or school

are almost the same entity. By contrast, in France,

and… that they are aged under 40.

where there often are numerous sites and submissions

Since the launch of Europan, the proportion of projects

(overall, several hundred projects to assess), the

submitted by teams foreign to the site has not varied,

technical committee is made up of numerous experts

remaining constant at around 50%. And the proportion

who spend time pre-analysing all the projects before

among the winning teams is roughly the same. At a

the juries meet for the first time. This committee explains

time of growing problems

the content of the submissions to the jury, by means of

of identity in Europe, it is

analysis sheets and an oral presentation. The task of

encouraging to see an

these experts is to present all the projects analytically,

undiminished desire among

without making any selection. It is the jury’s job to

young people to tackle

decide. Nonetheless, the committee contributes to the

cultures other than their own,

process of understanding and analysis throughout the

and if they win, to test their

assessment process.

Juries are made up of independant experts who have freedom to choose the winning projects

skills away from home. This colours Europan in a particular way, through

Jury membership based

projects that blend the cultural identity of their authors

on the competition priorities

with the social and economic culture of a given context

Each jury has 7 or 9 members, depending on the

in another country. And it is not unusual, for example,

individual country’s choice, since not all juries have

to see Spanish teams attracted by sites in Scandinavia,

the same number of projects to assess.

or Eastern European teams interested in sites in Italy.

Their membership consists of 2 or 3 experts representing

Opposites often attract! Though in other places, we

public and/or private commissioning entities, 4 or 5

equally find complicity between similar cultures in the

experts representing the design professions (landscape

choice of sites.

architects, urbanists, architects), and one other figure

It is important to specify that the projects are anonymous

whose role is to guarantee a diversity of viewpoints.

and that teams are required to submit their ideas in

Overall, out of the 100 or so jury members in the

English or the language of the country where the site is

Europan 15 session, there were 8 representatives

located, which makes it difficult to identify the nationality

of public authorities (Ministry, Region), 8 municipal

of the authors.

representatives (urban officials), 6 project owners, 3 urban managers, 13 urbanists, 4 landscape architects,

Independent juries

31 architects, 15 architecture teachers, 1 architect-

Europan is designed as a federal structure, with national

engineers, 1 philosopher, 1 researcher, 1 journalist,

secretariats coordinated by a European entity. It is

1 industrial designer, 1 publisher… And some 10 of

therefore the national juries that assess all the projects

their number of former Europan winners.

submitted for the sites in a given country.

Each jury must include foreign members, a proportion

These juries are made up of independent experts

that can vary, but requires a minimum of two for a

— the site representatives do not sit on the jury— who

seven-member jury, or three for a nine-member jury.

have freedom to choose the winning projects, primarily

Out of the 7 members and 2 substitutes on the Austrian,

9


INNSBRUCK (AT), E15 CITIES & JURIES FORUM — DEBATES

INNSBRUCK (AT), E15 CITIES & JURIES FORUM — WORKING GROUP

Belgium and Norwegian juries, there were 5 foreigners,

meets municipal representatives and listens to their

making them the most international of all the juries.

views on the submissions, before independently taking

The Europeanisation of the juries is also visible in

their decision on which projects to shortlist.

the total number of foreign members per nationality. 8 foreign members were French, 4 Belgium, 3 Dutch or

An intermediate European forum attended

Swedish, 2 Finish, Italian, Danish, Swiss or American,

by municipalities and juries

bringing a plurality of perspectives alongside the

Since Europan is a competition procedure not quite

national members…

like any other, after this first phase all the jury members and all the representatives of the sites proposed for

10

An autonomous jury beginning with a dialogue

the session, meet at European level for a “Cities and

with the site representatives

Juries Forum”. The objective of this event is shift scales

To begin with, however, the juries —whose members, as

and, through intense discussions, which for this session

we have said, are independent of the municipalities—

took place in Innsbruck in Austria, to divide the ideas

meet the site representatives in order to understand the

shortlisted on the different sites into families. With this

issues and the questions that the local actors want the

debate over 230 projects that are anonymous and

competitors to answer. These discussions, which may

still unranked, the juries and municipalities together

include visits when the country’s geography is suitable,

can develop a shared culture based on comparisons

are very important. And although the municipalities do

between projects drawn from different jury shortlists.

not ultimately decide who will win, they give their opinion

This Forum is always an opportunity for a multiplicity of

on the projects they have studied and analysed from

discussions at different scales, laying the groundwork

their particular perspective.

and developing a new perspective for the second jury phase.

Dual purpose of recognising the talent of young European teams, and of identifying projects that are potentially strategic for the future of a specific territory

A first phase in which ideas are shortlisted

Award of multiple prizes

The first stage in the

In this second stage, the shortlisted ideas are ranked

assessment is for the juries

and prizes are awarded to the projects considered most

to shortlist the projects

promising. Often, the juries meet the site representatives

that they judge to contain

again at the beginning of this final session, and ask

good ideas. In an open

them which of the projects still in the race they favour.

competition like Europan,

However, this does not mean that the decision of

many projects are either

the jury will necessarily mirror the preferences of the

designed too quickly or

municipalities. As experts, the jury members may rank

do not develop sufficiently

the projects differently. Europan juries are above all a

strong ideas. The 11

place for debate between a group of individuals who

national juries in Europan 15 therefore had the task

are informed by local experts but represent the spirit of

of shortlisting around 25% of the projects submitted.

Europan, with its combined focus on the global and the

There were around 230 shortlisted projects (an average

local, ideas and processes, quality projects and modes

of 5 projects per site), so the selection remained open.

of production. They know that these projects must

However, it can sometimes take several days for the

represent committed, emblematic positions, visions

juries to complete the task of weeding out all but a

based on the theme, and at the same time offer a

quarter of the submissions.

potential starting point for negotiation with local actors.

The discussion at the start between the municipalities

Within an average prize budget per site of 12,000 for a

and the juries is very important. In some countries,

winner and €6,000 for a runner-up, the juries have the

such as Germany or Austria, the projects are shortlisted

right to award several prizes per site and, depending

jointly by the municipality and the jury. Some of the

on the quality, within a different hierarchy from one site

jury members travel to the sites and, with local experts

to another. So on one site there could be two winning

and officials, choose the projects that will remain in the

projects, plus a runner-up and special mentions,

competition for the 2nd assessment phase.

whereas on another —where the jury found that the

In other countries, such as France or Spain, the jury

quality of submissions was not as good— it might


award one runner-up prize and one special mention.

members (age, qualification, independence from the

Aware of the issues, juries have extensive freedom

sites and jury members) are opened and compliance

of decision. And in this second phase, all the juries

verified. There have already been cases where an

adopt the same approach, i.e. comparing the proposals

initially prize-winning team has been eliminated for

on each site for the dual purpose of recognising the

failure to comply with the rules.

talent of young European teams, and of identifying projects that are potentially strategic for the future of

Assessment as a filter for choosing excellence

a specific territory.

and as a necessary method of guaranteeing the

Ultimately for Europan 15 —out of the 47 sites in

municipalities teams that meet their requirements

the session— the 11 juries awarded 136 prizes,

Following this description of the objectives and

consisting of 44 winners, 47

operation of the Europan juries, it is easy to understand

runners-up and 45 special

why the process takes time, especially as countries

mentions, i.e. an average of

with few sites (a country may have only one site) and

almost one per site in each

therefore fewer submissions, have to follow the same

category.

assessment timescales as those that have many

For the juries, a winning

(up to 9 sites and several hundred submissions).

project is one that is

The amount of work is not the same, although the task

innovative in itself and is at

of assessment is taken equally seriously.

the same time well matched

The juries are therefore a qualitative filter between

to its context.

a large volume of submissions and a small number

A runner-up project will

of high-quality and innovative prize-winners. In all,

possess the same “double qualities”, but will be judged

in Europan 15 the juries awarded prizes slightly

by the jury to be weaker in one of them.

over 800,000.

And special mentions are often awarded to projects

Moreover, their responsibility is considerable, since it is

in which the idea stands out, but the contextualisation

their task to ensure that the local site representative get

is perhaps not sufficiently developed. It should be

teams capable of managing their ideas for the time it

noted that in this category the interpretation may vary

takes to bring about urban, landscape and architectural

from one jury to another. For example, the Finnish jury

change.

awarded 4 special mentions for 2 sites, whereas the

After the two jury sessions, their members often take

Norwegian jury assigned only one for 3 sites. This

part not only in the prize awards but also in the initial

shows that the “personality” of the juries obviously

meetings between the municipalities and the winning

plays a role in the choice of awards. However, it has

teams. They play the role of intermediaries in explaining

been known for a special mention project to lead on to

their choices and organising the transition from a

an operational process.

general process to a local process.

Verification

When the winning teams present their projects to the

The Europan competition rules are strict: anonymity

site representatives in the different countries —often in

is one of them, of course, but there are also rules

just a few minutes— the quality of expression and the

specifying the documents to submit and particular

clarity of the ideas is striking, especially considering that

methods of presentation. When an infringement is

the average age of these young teams is around thirty.

identified —apart from non-compliance with anonymity,

On the other hand, deciphering the ideas expressed in

which means automatic elimination— the jury is

writing in the submission panels is more complex for

informed and decides whether or not to keep the project

a jury, and not always easy to grasp beyond the initial

concerned. After the jury has reached its decision, the

interpretation of the “images” of the project.

envelopes containing the identity and the documents

It should be noted that for Europan 15, the winning

proving the eligibility of the associates and team

teams were requested to submit additional material

Juries play the role of intermediaries in explaining their choices and organising the transition from a general process to a local process

—a video of 3 minutes maximum. It is a document for communication but also to understand the issues developed by the teams in relation to the context and the proposed process. Finally, it should be pointed out that the Europan 16 theme “Living Cities — Metabolic Vitalities and Inclusive Vitalities” has its origin in the projects submitted for Europan 15 and presented in this catalogue. Many projects chosen by the juries indeed emphasize the need to reconsider —on the challenges of productive cities— the synergy between artifice and nature, not INNSBRUCK (AT), E15 CITIES & JURIES FORUM — EXHIBITION OF THE 230 SHORTLISTED PROJECTS

to oppose them, but to seek their possible, and even necessary synergies in the emerging European city.

11


E15 Juries ©ANNA PANEK KUSZ

BELGIQUE / BELGIË / BELGIEN

DEUTSCHLAND – POLSKA (ASSOCIATED)

URBAN/ARCHITECTURAL ORDER

URBAN/ARCHITECTURAL ORDER

Xavier BINDELS (BE) — Technical Director of BELIRIS in Brussels (BE) www.beliris.be

Dr. Annette FRIEDRICH (DE) — Head of the Town Planning Department in Heidelberg, Heidelberg (DE) www.service-bw.de

URBAN/ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN Jacqueline OSTY (FR) — Landscaper, European Garden Award 2016, Paris (FR) www.osty.fr

12

Chantal VINCENT (BE) — Engineer Architect, Urban Planner in Charleroi, Office Dessin et Construction, Charleroi (BE) www.dessin-et-construction.eu Makan RAFATDJOU (FR) — Architect, Urban Planner in Paris (FR) www.makan-rafatdjou.com Alain CASARI (FR) — Architect, Urban Planner, ATOP SPACE in Nancy-Metz-Paris (FR) linkedin.com/in/alain-casari-7b6907b/ Rodolphe LUSCHER (CH) — Architect, Urban Planner in Lausanne (CH) www.luscher-architectes.ch Jean-Michel DEGRAEVE (BE) — Architect, Urban Planner, Vice President of Europan Belgium, Habitat-Concept (BE) www.habitatconcept.fr PUBLIC FIGURE Chris YOUNES (FR) — Doctor in Philosophy, Professor at the National School of Architecture ESA (FR), GERPHAU Laboratory (philosophy-architecture-urban) www.esa-paris.fr

Peter STUBBE (DE) — Head of the GEWOBA AG Wohnen und Bauen, Bremen (DE) www.gewoba.de/unternehmen/unternehmensstruktur URBAN/ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN Prof. Mario TVRTKOVIC (DE/HR) — Architect, Urban Planner, Urbanorbit Cologne/Stuttgart, Professor at the University of Coburg, Cologne/Coburg (DE) www.hs-coburg.de Alessandro DELLI PONTI (IT/FR) — Architect, Urban Planner, KH Studio, E12 Winner in Mannheim, Paris (FR) www.khstudio.org Prof. Christa REICHER (DE) — Architect, RHA Planners, RWTH Aachen, Aachen (DE) www.rha-planer.eu Hubert TRAMMER (PL) — Architect, Warszawa (PL) www.wozownia.pl PUBLIC FIGURE Anne KESSLER (DE) — Federal Ministry of the Interior, Building and Community of Berlin (DE) www.bmi.bund.de SUBSTITUTES Karin SANDECK (DE) — Architect, President of Europan Deutschland, Bavarian Ministry for Housing, Building and Traffic in Munich (DE) www.epsa-projects.eu Dr. Irene WIESE-VON-OFEN (DE) — Architect in Essen (DE)


ESPAÑA

FRANCE

URBAN/ARCHITECTURAL ORDER

URBAN/ARCHITECTURAL ORDER

Javier MARTÍN RAMIRO (ES) — General Director of Architecture, Housing and Land, Ministry of Public Works (Ministerio de Fomento), Madrid (ES) www.fomento.gob.es

Alain BERTRAND (FR) — Deputy General Director of SAMOA, Nantes (FR) / www.iledenantes.com

Agata BUSCEMI (IT) — Architect, Landscape Architect, b2barquitectes, Barcelona (ES) www.b2barquitectes.com

Claire LANLY (FR) — General Director of Emmaüs Habitat, Paris (FR) www.emmaus-habitat.fr

Eduardo DE MIGUEL ARBONÉS (ES) — Architect, Office VAC arquitectura, PhD in Architecture, teacher Valencia Architecture School, Valencia (ES) www.vacarquitectura.es

Jean-Baptiste BUTLEN (FR) — Deputy Director of Housing, Urbanism and Landscape Department, Paris (FR) / www.cohesion-territoires.gouv.fr

URBAN/ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN Marie-Hélène BADIA (FR) — Architect, Atelier Badia Berger, teacher “Theory and Practices, Urban and Architectural Design” ENSA, Paris-Val de Seine, Paris (FR) / www.badia-berger.com

URBAN/ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN

Olivier BASTIN (BE) — Architect, Office L’Escaut co-founder, Brussels (BE) / www.escaut.org

Enrique ARENAS LAORGA (ES) — Architect, Office arenas basabe palacios, EUROPAN 8, E9, E10 & E12 Winner, Madrid (ES) www.arenasbasabepalacios.com

Joào CARRILHO DA GRAÇA (PT) — Architect, Professor Politecnico Milano, Doctor Honoris Causa Faculty of Architecture of Lisbon, Lisbon (PT) / www.jlcg.pt

Bernardo BADER (AT) — Architect ZT GmbH, Office Bernardo Bader, Bregenz (AT) www.bernardobader.com Aglaée DEGROS (BE) — Architect, Artgineering, Teacher, Europan Europe Scientific Council, Brussels (BE) / Graz (AT) www.artgineering.eu Pilar DÍAZ RODRÍGUEZ (ES) — Architect, Paisaje Transversal, Madrid (ES) www.paisajetransversal.org Lucía CANO PINTOS (ES) — Architect, Office Selgas Cano, Madrid (ES) www.selgascano.net PUBLIC FIGURE Joan BUSQUETS (US) — Architect, Urbanist, Office BAU and teaching, Boston (US) www.bau-barcelona.com SUBSTITUTE Fernando RODRÍGUEZ (ES) — Architect, FRPO, PhD in Architecture, Teacher Madrid Architecture School, Madrid (ES) www.frpo.es

Anne DEMIANS (FR) — Architect, Urbanist, Office AAD, Paris (FR) www.annedemians.com Sonia LAVADINHO (CH) — Anthropologist, Office Bfluid prospective and expertise in mobility, Geneva (CH) / www.bfluid.com PUBLIC FIGURE Etienne TRICAUD (FR) — Architect and Polytechnician, Co-founder of AREP, 1997-2018, Paris (FR) / www.betocib.net SUBSTITUTES Léa HOMMAGE (FR) — Landscaper, E12 Winner in Vichy Val d’Allier, Office La Forme et l’usage, Nantes (FR), Young architects & landscapers awards 2018 / www.laformeetlusage.com Gilles HUCHETTE (FR) — Urbanist, Director of Euralens, Young Urbanists Award 2018, Lens (FR) / www.euralens.org ASSOCIATED PUBLIC FIGURES CONSULTED Agnès VINCE (FR) — Deputy General Director of Heritage, in charge of architecture (2014-2019), Culture Ministry, Paris (FR) www.culture.gouv.fr Hélène PESKINE (FR) — Permanente secretary of the PUCA, Paris (FR) / www.urbanisme-puca.gouv.fr Francis RAMBERT (FR) — Director of the architectural creation, Cité de l’architecture & du patrimoine, Paris (FR) / www.citedelarchitecture.fr

13


HRVATSKA

ITALIA

URBAN/ARCHITECTURAL ORDER

URBAN/ARCHITECTURAL ORDER

Šime ERLIĆ (HR) — City of Zadar, Head of Department of EU Funds, Zadar (HR) www.antenazadar.hr

Lucio CONTARDI (IT) — Architect and Urbanist, Manager – Planning and Design Department City of Civitavecchia (IT), and member of the Council of INU Lazio

Dražen PEJKOVIĆ (HR) — Architect, Senior Advisor

Roberto GRIO (IT) — Architect, Councilor for the Order of Architects of Rome and Province, member of the Culture Commission of the Casa dell’Architettura, Rome (IT) www.tstudio.net

of the Mayor of Split, Split (HR) www.pogledaj.to URBAN/ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN

Leo MODRČIN (HR) — Architect, professor Zagreb School of 14

Architecture, Zagreb (HR) www.designboom.com

Branimir MEDIĆ (NL) — Architect, de Architekten Cie, Amsterdam (NL) www.cie.nl

Maruša ZOREC (SI) — Architect, Arrea arhitektura, professor, Ljubljana (SI) www.arrea.si

Gorica MEHIĆ (BA) — Architect, Polygon, Sarajevo (BA) www.polygon.ba

Olga MAGAŠ (HR) — Architect, professor, Rijeka (HR) Krešimir DAMJANOVIĆ (HR) — Architect, Zadar (HR) PUBLIC FIGURE

URBAN/ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN Chloé DUFLOS (FR) — Architect and Urbanist, studio MUZ partner, Paris (FR) www.muz.fr Paolo FAVOLE (IT) — Architect and Urbanist, member of the Italian Association of Landscape Architecture, editorial Director of “Arketipo”, Milan (IT) www.favolepaoloarchitetto.it Margherita MANFRA (IT) — Architect, Orizzontale Collettivo partner — reactivators of public spaces, Italian Architecture Young Talent Prize 2018, Rome (IT) www.orizzontale.org Bernard REICHEN (FR) — Architect and Urbanist, studio Reichen & Robert partner, Paris (FR) www.reichen-robert.fr

Patricia KIŠ (HR) — Journalist, Zagreb (HR)

Antonella MARI (IT) — Architect and Urbanist, studio AAM44 architecture, Polignano A Mare, Apulia (IT)

SUBSTITUTES

PUBLIC FIGURE

Vladimir JAKOVAC (HR) — Architect, Head of Department of Spatial Planning of Umag, Umag (HR)

Svebor ANDRIJEVIĆ (HR) — Architect, Zagreb (HR)

Luca GIBELLO (IT) — Architect, Author and Curator, Director of the “Giornale dell’Architettura”, Turino (IT) www.tralerocceeilcielo.it


NEDERLAND

NORGE

URBAN/ARCHITECTURAL ORDER

URBAN/ARCHITECTURAL ORDER

Tina SAABY (DK) — Former Chief City Architect of Copenhagen (DK) twitter.com/tinasaaby

Roar SVENNING (NO) — Developper and founder of Bydga 2.0 (Rural 2.0) www.bygda20.no

Alice FUNG (NL) — Co-founder and director of 00 in London (UK) www.architecture00.net URBAN/ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN

Lisbeth IVERSEN (NO) — Phd. candidate Oslo School of Architecture and Design (AHO), Institute of Urbanism and Landscape, Oslo (NO) www.youtube.com/watch?v=63m27it-23w

Jacob VAN RIJS (NL) — Architect, MVRDV in Rotterdam (NL) www.mvrdv.nl

URBAN/ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN

Johan ANRYS (BE) — Architect, 51n4e in Brussels (BE) www.51n4e.com

Robert MULL (UK) — Professor of Architecture, Head of School of Architecture and Design, University of Brighton (UK) www.youtube.com/watch?v=QzJm6HDYna0

Like BIJLSMA (NL) — Architect, SUBoffice in Rotterdam (NL) www.suboffice.nl Beatriz RAMO (ES/NL) — Architect, STAR in Rotterdam (NL) www.st-ar.nl PUBLIC FIGURE Marc GLAUDEMANS (NL) — Architect, Planner, Director of the Province of Noord-Brabant (NL) www.mglaudemans.wordpress.com SUBSTITUTE Mariet SCHOENMAKERS (NL) — Urban Designer and Planner, Rotterdam (NL)

Gisle LØKKEN (NO) — Architect MNAL, President of the National Association of Norwegian Architects, partner and CEO at 70°N arkitektur, Oslo (NO) www.70n.no Johanne BORTHNE (NO) — Architect MNAL, Partner and Design Director Powerhouse Company, Rotterdam (NL) www.powerhouse-company.com Caroline DAHL (SE) — Architect, Head of the Think Tank Movium, PhD Candidate in Landscape Architecture, Swedish University of Landscape and Architecture (SLU), Alnarp (SE) www.slu.se PUBLIC FIGURE Maria HELLSTRÔM REIMER (SE) — Professor in Design in Theory and Practice, Malmö University, Director of the national Swedish Faculty for Design Research and Research Education, Malmö (SE) www.forskning.mah.se SUBSTITUTES Mathilda SCHUMAN (SE) — Architect SAR/MSA, Founding partner at Schuman Berg Arkitektkontor, and at Wingårdh architects, E14 Winner in Narvik (NO), Stockholm (SE) www.schumanberg.se Miia MÄKINEN (FI) — Architect SAFA, Partner at LUO arkkitehdit Oy, Doctoral student at the University of Oulu, Helsinki (FI) www.luoarkkitehdit.fi

15


©DANIELAMOSSBAUER

ÖSTERREICH

SUOMI – FINLAND

URBAN/ARCHITECTURAL ORDER

URBAN/ARCHITECTURAL ORDER

Kristiaan BORRET (BE) — Bouwmeester Chief Architect of BrusselsCapital Region, Professor at Ghent University (BE) www.bma.brussels

Kari NYKÄNEN (FI) — Architect, City Planning Director, City of Oulu (FI) www.arkkitehdit-m3.fi

Claudia NUTZ (AT) — Spatial Planner, Executive Consultant, Vienna (AT) www.nutzeffekt.at URBAN/ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN

16

Hemma FASCH (AT) — Architect, Principal of Fasch&Fuchs Architects, Vienna (AT) www.faschundfuchs.com Kamiel KLAASSE (NL) — Architect, Principal of NL Architects, Amsterdam (NL) www.nlarchitects.nl Blaž BABNIK ROMANIUK (SI) — Architect, Ljubljana (SI) www.obratdoo.si Bart LOOTSMA (NL) — Professor for Architectural Theory at the Faculty of Architecture of the University of Innsbruck (AT) www.architekturtheorie.eu PUBLIC FIGURE Verena KONRAD (AT) — Director of the VAI-Vorarlberger Architektur Institut, Art historian, Dornbirn (AT) www.v-a-i.at SUBSTITUTE Katharina URBANEK (AT) — Architect, Vienna (AT) www.studiourbanek.at

Bruce ORECK (US) — Former U.S. Ambassador to Finland, Real Estate Investor aechackathon.com URBAN/ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN Siiri VALLNER (EE) — Architect, Kavakava Architects, Tallinn (EE) www.kavakava.ee Sini COKER (FI) — Architect, Studio A/H, Helsinki (FI) www.studio-ah.org Jan YOSHIYUKI TANAKA (DK) — Architect, JAJA Architects, Copenhagen (DK) www.ja-ja.dk Eero LUNDÈN (FI) — Architect, Lundèn Architecture Company, Helsinki (FI) www.lunden.co PUBLIC FIGURE Maija ITKONEN (FI) — Industrial Designer, CEO of Gold&Green Foods, Helsinki (FI) linkedin.com/in/maija-itkonen SUBSTITUTE Dan MOLLGREN (FI) — Architect, City Planning Director of Porvoo, Porvoo (FI) linkedin.com/in/dan-mollgren


SVERIGE URBAN/ARCHITECTURAL ORDER Karin AHLZÉN (SE) — Project Director for “Fokus Skärholmen”, Stockholm (SE) www.växer.stockholm Helena TALLIUS MYHRMAN (SE) — City architect, Gäyle (SE) www.talliusmyhrman.se URBAN/ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN Mia HÄGG (SE) — Founder and Owner of Habiter Autrement, Lecturer at Accademia di Architettura di Mendrisio, Paris (FR), Locarno (CH) www.habiterautrement.net Dagur EGGERTSSON (NO) — Founding architect of Rintala Eggertsson, Oslo (NO) www.ri-eg.com Jenni REUTER (FI) — Professor, Aalto University in Helsinki (FI) www.jennireuter.fi Erik WINGGUIST (SE) — Architect, 3rd year program director at KTH in Stockholm, Former Secretary of Europan Sweden, Stockholm (SE) www.kth.sei PUBLIC FIGURE Christer LARSSON (SE) — Professor, School of Architecture, Lund University, Director of City Planning, Malmö (SE) SUBSTITUTES Martin BERG (SE) — E14 Winner in Narvik (NO), Founding partner at Schuman Berg Arkitektkontor www.schumanberg.se Per KRAFT (SE) — Founding architect of 2BK, Former secretary and president of Europan Sweden, Stockholm (SE) www.2bka.se

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18

R


19

RESULTS


Towards Regenerative Eco-Productive Milieus Introduction article by Chris Younès (FR) — anthro-philosopher of inhabited milieus, professor at Paris’s École Spéciale d’Architecture (ESA) and member of Europan’s Scientific Committee. Founder member of ARENA (Architectural Research European Network). Founder and member of the Gerphau research laboratory www.gerphau.archi.fr and Didier Rebois (FR) — architect, teacher at Paris’s École Spéciale d’Architecture (ESA). General Secretary of Europan and coordinator of the Scientific Committee www.europan-europe.eu

20

How can urbano-architectural projects achieve a

I — HYBRID AND REVIVED USES

more synergistic combination between ecological

This refers to strategies that support ecological and

transition and productive activities? In his book The

economic transformations through territorialised

Great Transformation, the economist Karl Polanyi

sociopolitical means with the aim of reshaping society.

called for a disembedded market economy to be re-

Three projects emphasise the importance of changes

embedded into society1. There is a real need to move

in uses, seeking to construct assemblages around

beyond predatory activities and to imagine other

mixedness and social life, bringing together productive

ways of regenerating inhabited milieus. Many of the

and geographical spaces employed at different

winning projects seek to establish conditions for a

scales: rivers, clusters, buildings. Priority is placed

complementary encounter between natural and cultural

on collaborative and inclusive approaches. Hybrid

ecosystems. The interlinking of uses and mobilities is a

Parliament, winner in Rotterdam Kop Dakpark (NL), for

key parameter for this, incorporating various degrees of

example is presented as a refuge for the unconventional,

interaction with natural and metabolic conditions. And

for the anti-patriarchal, for feminism, for transgender.

all this encourages consideration of how life cycles

This manifesto architecture is advanced as a foundation

operate at their different spatiotemporal scales.

for democratic and horizontal productive projects (fig. 1).

1 — ROTTERDAM KOP DAKPARK (NL), WINNER — HYBRID PARLIAMENT > SEE MORE P.135


2 — ROTTERDAM GROOT IJSSELMONDE (NL), WINNER — HARTLAND > SEE MORE P.203

3 — BORÅS (SE), WINNER — MADE IN BORÅS > SEE MORE P.35

21

4 — FLOIRAC (FR), WINNER — SOUYS-LAB > SEE MORE P.163

For the winning project, Hartland, in Rotterdam Groot

II — RENEWED AND ENRICHED MOBILITIES

IJsselmonde (NL), a mixed programme transforms a

The fast-changing lines of travel that irrigate inhabited

lost estate into a dynamic neighbourhood, inspired by

milieus are connective landscape features that form

the socialist and economic ideals of a utopian garden-

hybrids between natural systems (topographical,

city based on commons and co-creation principles.

hydrographic) and mobility, water and power

Different scales of sharing are translated into different

infrastructures. Green or active forms of mobility

spatial scales, by adding new layers to the existing

— walking and cycling — combined with other

fabric. This is the idea of a community attached to

more rapid modes and digital mobilities, as well as

its surroundings, offering a healthy life on the fringes

vegetation, biodiversity and asphalt abstinence, are

Connective landscape features that form hybrids between natural systems and mobility, water and power infrastructures

of Rotterdam (fig. 2).

fundamental structuring elements. Mobility and the

In Borås (SE), the

territory of mobility — the location of the project — can

winning project, Made

be the starting point.

in Borås — in keeping

This is the case for the winning project, Souys-Lab, in

with its textile industry

Floirac (FR), where mobility is used as a structuring

history— explores the

framework connected with the geography of the site

vision of a change in

which, in a context of metropolitan development

the density of the site,

between the city centre and the periphery, is becoming

with the objective of a

an urban area of Bordeaux. Souys-Lab is thus based on

good quality of life and

a richly networked infrastructure. Roads, railway lines,

climate adaptation. Restoring the emphasis on the river

high-voltage power lines are seen as opportunities to

landscape as a substrate in the renewal of the site,

generate habitat spaces along with ecological and

with the creation of an active metropolitan park, is the

economic improvements that establish new relations

approach proposed for tackling pollution and flooding

to the Garonne (fig. 4).

while fostering biodiversity and a mixed programme of

In Beginning at the End, winner in Palma (ES), mobility

homes, shops and cultural amenities (fig. 3).

is treated as a territorial system that links a campus


5 — PALMA (ES), WINNER — BEGINNING AT THE END > SEE MORE P.245

6 — PORT-JÉRÔME-SUR-SEINE (FR), RUNNER-UP — LA VILLE ÉCOLE > SEE MORE P.96

22

7 — UDDEVALLA (SE), WINNER — JALLA! > SEE MORE P.207

with a natural park. The new metro station at Parc Bit

these preoccupations. For example, if we consider the

provides an opportunity to generate a new hub and

winning project, Jalla! in Uddevalla (SE), the archipelago

also a gate to the agricultural park and the Unesco

city is reimagined as an infrastructure made up of

site at Serra Tramuntana. The plan is to create a new

buildings, woodland, timber production and recycling

landscape with the land excavated from the digging of

cycles, but also with the intention of using existing

the metro, the water channels and the food and solar

resources through participation by the local community.

energy production and consumption cycles, while at the

The scenario considers both the site and the milieu as

same time reducing greenhouse gas emissions (fig. 5).

a whole, offering not a finished solution but a flexible,

In Port-Jérôme-sur-Seine (FR), the runner-up ­project,

adaptable and multiscale project-process that adopts

La Ville École, proposes

an economic, social and cultural perspective involving

a third type of mobility,

all the public and private stakeholders (fig. 7).

conceived as an axis

The interweaving of scales that is central to Europan

of multiple synergies

culture is now spreading widely through the revival

based on an adaptable

of proximities.

structure. The goal is to

For example, the runner-up project in Täby (SE), Living

support the much-need-

Proximities, proposes a human scale urban model

ed conversion of indus-

that integrates territorial elements into a single macro

try in this town, which

system. What it promotes is a city in which modern

was shaped by the oil in-

life, public spaces, productivity and natural life can

dustry in the 1930s, but

coexist, bringing a stimulating variety of services and

could become a labora-

experiences that are “within reach” of both residents

tory for the resilient city

and visitors (fig. 8).

Nature considered as a source of life and productivity becomes a resource once capacities for symbiosis are activated

based around a green corridor that brings together hab-

The question of the legacy of a place, which proves

itat diversity, the circular economy and nature (fig. 6).

transversal, is the guiding thread in Productive Memories, the winning project in Oliva (ES). The

III — NATURE RECONSIDERED

future reshaping of the area is conveyed to us

Nature considered as a source of life and productivity

through the milieu itself and its history, which are

becomes a resource once capacities for symbiosis

reactivated to consolidate its specificities, its natural

are activated. The resilience of the natural elements

continuities understood as a model of production. The

present on a site, which is central to the structures

strategies pursued cover three scales of intervention

of certain projects, is also a source of revival for

in different phases, three memories reinterpreted in

forgotten memories and uses, as well as proximities,

a contemporary language in order to reintroduce

since the realm of nature exists at the point where

three new modes of production which in reality have

reality, imagination and symbol meet. Operations on

always been there. The re-connections are handled

the existing built and unbuilt fabric thus reveal the

by reintegrating the milieus of the living world with

importance of paying close attention to material and

green mobilities, public space, sustainable water

nonmaterial resources.

networks, targeted demolitions, and temporary

Once again in this session, we see the importance of

productive activities (fig. 9).


IV — INVOLVED METABOLISMS

Building this kind of resilient community will take time

In some cases, the presence of living nature is also

and require orientations that challenge customary life-

extended to the metabolisms involved, helping to

styles and ways of working. Drawing on the biodiver-

establish a coexistence between different rhythms and

sity and industrial legacy of the site, the challenge is

cycles and hence patterns of bioterritorial production

to involve stakeholders who act at the local level but

that work with the irreversible time of the generation

whose impact is global. Different metabolic scales are

and transformation of lifeforms. This type of prospective

engaged, from a project for decentralised collective pro-

approach is a new departure, since it seeks to bring

duction, in which brownfield sites and the riverbanks are

together and doubly implicate life cycles and situational

converted into public spaces, a water system capable

factors in planning. From this perspective, the aim is

of incorporating flood zones, through to shared kitchen

to “make do” with ecosystems, living fabrics that entail

and rest areas for coproduction and co‑working.

relations between species, including human beings, and

Such a positioning, based on inhabited milieus

their environments. They are directly under the influence

operating in cycles and rhythms that are both

of biotic factors (other species, other ecosystems…)

bioregional and everyday, is precisely what is claimed

and abiotic factors (the soil, the atmosphere, water…).

by the winning project, The Productive Region, for

The new projects around recycling, reuse, biosourced

Bergische Kooperation (DE). The team itself presents its

materials, renewable energies, incorporate climate

project as a strategic regional concept, a level at which

changes and the rhythms and flows of a bioregional

intermunicipal cooperation is absolutely imperative, but

scale to imagine possibilities for productive economies,

also one that is local in that it emphasises sustainable,

in harmony with clusters characterised by high

inclusive and high-quality interventions. In their

environmental, economic, social and cultural potentials.

approach, productiveness is about more than simply

A major bifurcation is at work with P2P – P ­ lugin

combining habitat and work, it is the crucible of a

2 ­produce, the runner-up project in Borås (SE). It takes

situational intensity that arises from a mix of different

the view that a city that produces a broad fund of knowl-

uses and living environments (fig. 11).

edge for future generations and is open to a diversity of skills, ages and experiences, will have the capacity to contribute to a commonality in which the natural and built environment can coevolve harmoniously, at a larger scale than the individual, the family or the city (fig. 10). 23

9 — OLIVA (ES), WINNER — PRODUCTIVE MEMORIES > SEE MORE P.193

8 — TÄBY (SE), RUNNER-UP — LIVING PROXIMITIES > SEE MORE P.60

10 — BORÅS (SE), RUNNER-UP — P2P – P ­ LUGIN 2 ­PRODUCE > SEE MORE P.36

11 — BERGISCHE KOOPERATION (DE), WINNER — THE PRODUCTIVE REGION > SEE MORE P.238


In Rochefort Océan (FR), the co-winning project, Let the

contemporary sciences of nature but also on Pliny the

River in!, turns its attention to a circular economy of re-

Elder and Buffon, to develop a methodology of action

generation with local resources and the revival of the riv-

at different scales: taking advantage of the potential for

er as a mode of transport. Reintroducing water into the

renewable energy resources in the Charente Estuary,

city in its multidimensional facets contributes to a new

limiting submersion by installing jetties and sand

“symbiotic economy” that seeks to reinforce existing

retention measures, embedding the coastline into an

production through a mac-

Atlantic production chain, building a city-island-port

rosystem. This generates

that marries the dynamics of oceanic production with

interaction between every

freshwater networks and trails (fig. 13).

In the era of ecological transition, plans for productive cities need to be directly responsive to cycles

stakeholder and every element in the chain, helping

CONCLUSION

to bring mutual benefit to

Committed to a recognition of existing ecosystems as

all (fig. 12).

well as a rethinking of our modes of intervention, the

Bifurcation is also driven

productive city regeneration project resonates with the

the climate emergency

ideas of great figures like the town planner and biologist

and the risks of global

Patrick Geddes, and his views on life cycles and the

warming, motivation for a new perspective on

environment, or the philosopher and sociologist Henri

intervention. In Rochefort Océan, these factors

Lefebvre, with his emphasis on rhythmanalysis as a way

are tackled head-on with the co-winning project,

to bring social and individual rhythms into harmony with

L’escargot, la méduse et le bégonia, which draws on the

cosmic and biological patterns. Today, the urgent challenge is to identify what needs to be done to create eco-productive milieus at local and trans-local scale. In the era of ecological transition, plans for productive cities need to be directly responsive to cycles. Indeed, the revitalisation of cities is indissociable from environmental and social synergies, which have moved to the forefront of the priorities for territorial transformation, generating resonances between naturo-cultural, metabolic and transcalar cycles2. These cycle-based

24

approaches entail the inclusion of the different human and nonhuman stakeholders, and generate an emphasis on metaphorical perspectives in our vision of the bio-­geopolitical future, with its mix of solidarity and commonality. The need for platforms of theoretical and 12 — ROCHEFORT OCÉAN (FR), WINNER — LET THE RIVER IN! > SEE MORE P.100

practical experimentation around cycles, flows and people is therefore crucial in activating and regenerating inhabited milieus. Realising the possibilities of revitalisation demands better connections between human productions and tectonic, climatic and biological forces. The new projects around recycling, reuse, biosourced materials, renewable energies, flexibilities/reversibilities, but also around sharing, contribute to these efforts to establish lively co-rhythms. Across the board, therefore, we are seeing the emergence of a new, regenerative strategic framework, composed of contextualised re-connections and open processes.

1. Karl Polanyi, The Great Transformation, USA, Farrar & Rinehart, 1944. 2. Hartmut Rosa, Résonance. Une sociologie de la relation au monde, La découverte, 2018.

13 — ROCHEFORT OCÉAN (FR), WINNER — L’ESCARGOT, LA MÉDUSE ET LE BÉGONIA > SEE MORE P.99



1/ CHA METAB 26

A new balance must be found between the relations, processes, flows and multiple forces of the sites that are large and contain a variety of agents (human and nonhuman) with long–and short-term cycles, and far-reaching ecological, economic and territorial implications.


NGING BOLISM 27

1/A Multiplying and connecting agencies By defining and connecting the future agencies regarding air, water, soil, flood, programmes, activities and users, and new layers of functions, it may lead to a balanced growth on these sites. The final design will be something more than the sum of circular urban economies. ANALYSIS ARTICLE: Learning to Multiply

28

Miriam García García (ES) — PhD in Architecture, landscape architect & urban designer Borås (SE)

34 Nin (HR)

50

Champigny-sur-Marne (FR)

38 Rotterdam Vierhavensblok (NL)

54

Guovdageaidnu (NO)

42 Täby (SE)

58

Marseille (FR)

46 Weiz (AT)

62


Learning to Multiply Analysis article by Miriam García García (ES) — PhD in Architecture, landscape architect & urban designer www.landlab.es/en/

28

The sites in this group are large in relation to their

“SOFT BUFFERS”

contexts, and include a wide variety of agents, human

is not about introducing new uses but about catalysing

and non-human, with long and short-term cycles, as

new relationships between the existing ones, by turning

well as long-reaching ecological, economical and

the borders into intermediate landscapes for sharing.

territorial implications. Multiplying agencies implies

It is about permitting different flows to work together in

working with the relations, processes, flows and multiple

a productive way while maintaining their differences.

forces related to the site. In this context, adopting a

The city of Nin (HR) is located in a lagoon on the

broader system perspective means that spatial limits

Eastern part of the Adriatic Sea, and is surrounded by

must be extended and abstracted so that they reinforce

natural sandy beaches (fig. 1). Four entities co-exist on

an agreed division between what is human — t he

the site, each with their own characteristics and without

society and its culture — on the one hand, and what is

a productive relationship. There is the old town on Nin,

nature — the ecosphere — on the other. The temporal

the settlement of Ždrijac with coastal flooding effects

limits must also be extended to match the spatial

due to climate change, and an old brickyard next to

limits. This socioecological perspective applied to the

the saltworks.

productive city implies designing strategies that are able to catalyse new agencies around the site based on its synergies. This design-thinking approach leads to the integration of both social and ecological values into the design and into the management. In order to activate synergies and to change the sites metabolism into a more balanced and productive one the E15 winning projects deploy various fertile strategies.

1 — NIN (HR) > SEE MORE P.50

2 — NIN (HR), WINNER — SOFT BUFFERS > SEE MORE P.51


3 — WEIZ (AT) > SEE MORE P.62

Winning project Soft buffers (fig. 2) shows the potential of the landscape as a mediator of fluxes and an activator of new uses that are visible from the scale of the architecture to the scale of the city. This way, the settlement of Ždrijac goes through a densification process while progressively being surrounded and protected by a forest park. The houses outdoor spaces serve both as public spaces and as cooling devices. The brickyard, surrounded by the landscape of constructed wetlands, gets a new chance to be productive. The wetland size is determined by the maximum number of inhabitants in

Multiplying agencies implies working with the relations, processes, flows and multiple forces related to the site

Ždrijac at the peak of the tourist season, the wetland becoming a device for waste managements

29

while simultaneously creating a new landscape that fits the existing ground. At the same time the constructed wetland sets up a new tradition of

dealing with human waste, turning it into a catalyzer for the creation of a new biome. The wastewater treatment produces a by-product of sludge that becomes a fertilizer once processed. “PARALLEL AXIS”

4 — WEIZ (AT), WINNER — LEARNING FROM THE FUTURE > SEE MORE P.63

is about promoting the connections between the river

ecologies along the mobility infrastructure and the river

and a human infrastructure — namely the currently-

that feed one another. The potential of the idea lies in

under-construction new mobility artery, which includes

the detailed approach: the single public surface not only

a rail track for commuter trains, a road, a bike path and

links the green space with the urban texture, but it also

several footbridges.

defines different scales and allocates traffic speeds.

The site of Weiz (AT) aspires to include new agencies,

The project works with the site values and makes use of

new layers of functions that may lead to a balanced

the existing relationship between the river and the street.

growth (fig. 3). Winning project, Learning from the Future

It highlights the specificity of the place by connecting

(fig. 4), proposes a sustainable, experimental, and

the single elements into one coherent tissue, thereby

active urban landscape to match and reflect the

creating a strong identification of the street.

inhabitants’ creative and entrepreneurial energy. The masterplan designs both the physical spaces

“ACTIVE MEGA-VOID”

and their strategies from the perspective of a circular

is about creating productive hybridities between existing

economy, intensifying the local strengths, namely the

resources and new inputs combining mobility and

pioneering attitude towards energy and climate, which

nature to organize a larger productive metabolism.

has yielded world-class industries and knowledge

Here, the larger scale and metropolitan dimension are

services. The project addresses several scales and

particularly important.


30

5 — CHAMPIGNY-SUR-MARNE (FR) > SEE MORE P.38

7 — MARSEILLE (FR) > SEE MORE P.46

6 — CHAMPIGNY (FR), WINNER — LOST HIGHWAY – (L)EARNING FROM A87 > SEE MORE P.39

8 — MARSEILLE (FR), RUNNER-UP — LEARNING FROM MARSEILLE > SEE MORE P.48

The site of Champigny-sur-Marne (FR) is part of the

transport by would develop around this green lung,

A87 project for a third motorway ring road planned

but this time in a transversal way to create a dialogue

in Paris in the 1960s (fig. 5). This global project was

with the surrounding environment. The proposal

never implemented and was finally abandoned in the

foreshadows a succession of parks and project sites

1980s. A piece of territory on the East of Paris — namely

capable of forming a green belt in accordance with

the towns of Sucy, Ormesson, Chennevières, Cham-

urban developments and improving their purposes.

pigny-sur-Marne and Villiers) — is crossed by a cor-

The project proposes to work on the edges of the

ridor of land that this unfinished project has literally

corridor, examining built densities and possibilities to

frozen. These pending lands create a surprising and

preserve the open space.

Designing a grid of public spaces and local actors that operates at multiple scales, from the territory to the individual

singular void in the dense periphery. The result is an

“MULTISCALAR NETWORK”

exceptional metropolitan

is about designing a grid of public spaces and local

garden phenomenon on

actors that operates at multiple scales, from the territory

this scale. Today, the vari-

to the individual.

ous parcels that make up

In the South of France, Marseille Rénovation Urbaine

this lost highway are the

(MRU) has big expectations for the Cabucelle site, a

support of isolated urban

popular district where business and residential uses

development projects.

and a myriad of other informal activities are expected

The urbanization process

to initiate a gradual re-appropriation (fig. 7).

should develop around a bus line that crosses the axis

Runner-up team Learning from Marseille (fig. 8)

along its length, connecting two future stations of the

envisions La Cabucelle as an exhibition space for

Greater Paris region.

experimentations on techniques of building and

Winning project Lost Highway (fig. 6) intensifies the role

managing public spaces towards a zero-waste district

of the void with a territorial strategy instead of filling

that would stand as an example for the Mediterranean

it in. As a result, the emergent metropolitan garden

region. The whole project relies on the learning process

becomes a backbone for the different municipalities,

as an “initiatory journey” developed by the Tour de

and relies on the system of Sensitive Natural Areas in

France companions — a training companionship for

force in the Val-de-Marne region. The project of public

professional craftsmen. In this way, it is a vision of a


productive city as a cultural change that reverses the

productive district of Rotterdam (NL). The challenge is

consumption trends, involving an educational project.

to transform an industrial port area into a Circular Urban

The project contributes to connecting people and

Makers District around the notion of a circular city where

activities through apprenticeships; it is, in real terms,

working and living meet (fig. 9).

an unequivocal call to connect urban renewal to job

In Makers’ Maze (fig. 10), the winning project, archi-

creation, training programs and the development

tecture is reconnected with the economic, social

of micro-economies for a population far from formal

and political realities of the city by offering a flexible

employment. It also associates public spaces to a

method rather than a rigid design. The requested

progressive and participatory renovation process,

programmatic mix of 30-40% businesses, 10-20%

establishing new relationships between indoor and

offices, 30-50% housing, and 10% services is easy to

outdoor public or private spaces and creating the

achieve and adjust, because the clusters are devel-

conditions for the emergence of semi-public or

oped not in tandem, but one by one, allowing small

semi-private public spaces. The plan includes a

adjustments based on market pressures. The charm of

comprehensive green proposal, drawing a difference

­Vierhavensblok lies in its informal character, where one

between slow (cycle paths and pedestrian access) and

can find the unexpected around every corner and where

fast (cycle paths, road for vans and cars) networks.

chance encounters and meetings breed new collabo-

This network connects the district to the new green

rations. Inspired by these qualities, Makers’ Maze pro-

infrastructure that will connect it to the city centre. On a

poses a series of building clusters interlocking around

metropolitan scale, the companions’ initiatory journey

a network of passages, streets and squares, creating

follows the rivers and contributes at extending the soft

a unified, resilient and unexpected urban scheme.

mobility network. The visual opening on the maritime

The streets and squares of the masterplan are defined

and mountain landscape as well as the reinforced

by the surrounding architectural volumes, both new and

accessibility by public transport (with the creation of the

existing. The clusters work as showcases of materials

new TER Litorral-Cabu stop-over) establish the district

and provide a way to organize, categorize and label

as a new centre connected to the metropolitan area.

them. Existing workshops are no longer temporary, but rather become an integral part of the foundation of the

“MULTI-LAYERED ISLAND”

plan. New volumes are attached to them or cantilevered

is not a collection of diverse buildings, but one big

above them. These new structures, besides adding floor

interconnected ecosystem where energy, water, working

space, provide access to rooftops and are also used

spaces and waste solutions are shared.

as communal gardens with shared functions: laundry

The site of Vierhavensblok has a rich history as a

rooms, storage, flex offices, game rooms, labs etc. Layers of shared spaces work as buffers between the living and working zones and create a diverse, mixed urban fabric: not only horizontally, but also vertically. “ARCHIPELAGO OF CLUSTERS”

is characterized by a form of free-flowing occupation, where smooth multifunctional spaces sometimes overlap and blend into smooth experiences. In this socio-ecological system, polarities of clusters intuitively define an in-between multifunctional space. 9 — ROTTERDAM VIERHAVENSBLOK (NL) > SEE MORE P.54

The site of Guovdageaidnu (NO) is a culturally conditioned landscape-urbanity based on continuous territorial mobility (fig. 11). The place holds the history of a nature-based household and practices connected to a larger territory; at the same time, it is in transition towards a more ambiguous relation between landscape and settlement, nomadic livelihood and a more sedentary lifestyle. Guovdageaidnu is visually and physically defined in a clear topography and by clusters of public buildings and services surrounded by sprawling housing areas. The building pattern and the interconnecting landscape allow a large degree of free movement between buildings and functions, settlements and landscape. Here, the two awarded projects show the complexity of this socio-ecological system where the Sámi identity is closely linked to the relationship be-

10 — ROTTERDAM VIERHAVENSBLOK (NL), WINNER — MAKERS’MAZE > SEE MORE P.55

tween human activities and the landscape through soft layers of mobility and connectivity.

31


Co-winning project Catalogue of ideas (fig. 12) inter-

of domination and subordination. It also takes into

estingly frames the site as having developed or un-

consideration daily uses and interactions. Based

folded between the “smooth” space of the tundra

on an understanding of the landscape as the main

and the “­striated” space of the modern welfare state.

element to consider, the proposal acknowledges

It further elaborates this framing by proposing a set of

the limits of conventional planning and architecture.

five strategies to strengthen and articulate a specific

It aims to identify new approaches to knowledge and

“Sámi urbanism”, in which the multifunctionality of the

experience that would enhance existing practices and

public space, informal pathways connecting urban and

support the development of new ones. Emphasizing

natural points of interest, as well as a functional acu-

on the importance to listen to and to connect stories,

puncture enhance the existing forms of production and

memories and livelihoods, it gently presents a series of

expression. A major strength of the project lies in the

‘productive’ strategies and places: oral mapping and

recognition of territorial and ownership challenges and

knowledge sharing, embodied encounters and symbolic

in the suggestion of a Land Trust in order to meet the

‘wrapping’ which, instead of providing fixed solutions,

intensified need to coordinate land use development

offers departure points to reimagine productivity as

and management. This way, Guovdageaidnu’s islands

well as urbanity. In this project, everyone can become

of urbanity in the tundra can reflect its past and pres-

an actor to establish and maintain the links between

ent; it is a hybrid manifestation of ancient nomadism

nature and culture in the vast productive archipelago

and the introduction of modernity with five densified

of Guovdageaidnu.

central clusters. Radical Reimagining, the other winning project (fig. 13),

“GREEN AND BLUE CORRIDOR”

presents a solid analysis of the site and the region as

uses natural systems to manage water in wide neutral

depending on larger fields of relations and patterns

grounds that should also serve as support systems for a productive regulation, habitat for wildlife, and community liveability along the designed landscape. In the site of Borås (SE) the connection of the Gässlösa district to the city centre and the relation to the existing buildings, to the water and to green structures are key elements for the landscape and the economy (fig. 14). Winning project Made in Borås (fig. 15) proposes to consider the city’s riverscape as a strong tool to renew

32

Gässlösa’s, providing high quality living and climate

11 — GUOVDAGEAIDNU (NO) > SEE MORE P.42 How smooth became striated

adaptability. This approach led to the conceptualisation

Sámi strategies

of a metropolitan river park at the core of Borås and its future developments, introducing the necessary spatial qualities for denser urban living. The river

Smooth Tundra

Push multifunctionality

park provides Borås with a strong vision, easy to comprehend by all and in direct interaction with the daily life of the inhabitants. It offers Borås a valuable

Connectivity

Introduction of functions

Polarity of clusters

Improve the path network

Functional acupuncture

Urbanize clusters

FURTHER FIXED 00 - Point 01 - Point

Striated Guovdageaidnu

Densify Guovdageaidnu

12 — GUOVDAGEAIDNU (NO), WINNER — CATALOGUE OF IDEAS > SEE MORE P.43

FURTHER FLEXIBLE 02 - Mormorcafe THE FIXED 03 - Airport

04 - The Bridge 05 - Sirkustomten 06 - Sirkustomten Storage 07 - Bird Watching Tower 08 - Sauna 09 - Fishing Platform 10 - Slip 11 - Slip Storage

13 — GUOVDAGEAIDNU (NO), WINNER — RADICAL REIMAGINING > SEE MORE P.44

12 - Markanden Storage THE FLEXIBLE 13 - Mormor Cafe 14 - The Spoken Land 15 - Wrapping Guovdageaidnu


14 — BORÅS (SE) > SEE MORE P.34

16 — TÄBY (SE) > SEE MORE P.58

17 — TÄBY (SE), WINNER — THE GENEROUS CITY > SEE MORE P.59

the strategies, new and traditional urban planning tools are used to transform the existing large-scale and car15 — BORÅS (SE), WINNER — MADE IN BORÅS > SEE MORE P.35

bound monoculture into a mixed, dense and rich ma-

blue-green heart while providing new connections

The ‘Mix More’ strategy enables city and nature to mix

and greatly improving access throughout the city and

in order to strengthen natural cycles of air, soil and wa-

Gässlösa, currently characterised by a fragmented

ter. Streets, squares and courtyards are designed to

tissue. In order to sustainably (re-)create nature, the

absorb water and snow, reduce heat, clean air and help

project uses for example

birds and other species to find their place in the city.

phytoremediation

The Generous Park also plays an active part in main-

through composting

taining the ecological balance and creating an inclusive

and crop rotation to

and democratic space. The ‘Move More’ strategy is de-

clean and restore life

signed to encourage the use of bikes, electric scooters

back to the soil. These

and other light electric vehicles. This soft mobility with

productive landscapes

pocket parks and places for spontaneous sports and

Multiplying agencies for a more balanced metabolism that reduces the environmental impact

trix where everyone is welcome and able to contribute.

will be established early

recreation creates a type of urbanity where people are

enough to immediately bring a new meaning and

invited and encouraged to spend time in public spaces

coherence to Gässlösa and involve communities into

(‘Meet More’).

shaping the city of tomorrow. CONCLUSION “MIX-MATRIX GROUND”

The comprehension of cities and regions as Complex

encourages the ground level through a pedestrian

Adaptive Systems (CAS) claims for responses for the

neighbourhood with an urban mixed-use between living

combination of planning and design that catalyse

and public amenities in order to catalyse social and

cultural and physical processes aimed at improving

economic interactions.

their metabolism. The E15 winning projects responses

Arninge-Ullna, in Täby (SE) is a rapidly changing district

are based on more dynamic models to analyse and

along the highway artery North of Stockholm. The area

design ecosystem structures and behaviours. That

was established in the 1970’s as an island of car-based

implies creativity based on ecology and embodied in

production and shopping inserted between beautiful

strategic scenarios and tactical designs. Because by

landscapes, yet poorly connected (fig. 16).

tracing the flows of resources or information into and out

Winning project The Generous City (fig. 17) offers a pos-

of the “built environment”, and incorporating changes

itive vision for the productive city of the future. Based

accordingly to close the loops through the re-use, re-

on the topics of resources, mobility and equity the pro-

adaptation and regeneration of materials and spaces,

posal suggests three strategies to develop productive

it is possible to multiply agencies for a more balanced

cities: ‘Mix More’, ‘Move More’ and ‘Meet More’. Within

metabolism that reduces the environmental impact.

33


BORÅS (SE) PROJECT SCALE — XL/L – territory / urban + architecture

SITE PROPOSED BY — City of Borås

LOCATION — Gässlösa, Borås

OWNER OF THE SITE — City of Borås, private sector

POPULATION — 110,000 inhab.

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Urban studies in collaboration

STRATEGIC SITE — 720 ha / PROJECT SITE — 58 ha

with the City of Borås

City of Borås — 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

Gässlösa shall be transformed into a varied and vibrant neighbourhood that contributes to the city development in general. Today, Gässlösa is fragmented and the area has a distinctly industrial character. The proximity to the city centre and with the Viskan River running through the area, the underlying conditions can be transformed into future assets of a new modern neighbourhood. The goal is that Gässlösa will be a new urban district with 5000-8000 inhabitants and 1000-2000 job opportunities. A neighbourhood with a character built on the existing values in the area, like the industrial and textile history. Also, the transformation of Gässlösa area shall be sustainable and caring for the green and blue stretches; it shall have a variation among accommodations and hold a role model for future developments in Borås. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

34

The area has traditionally been the centre for the construction sector in Borås. The ambition is that a majority of –if not all– the 100 businesses that exist today can remain in future Gässlösa. The Europan contributions had an inspiring width of interpreting the “productive city”. Their examples of productivity were culture, small businesses, energy, sharing economy, biomass, ecosystem services, etc. With the transformation of Gässlösa we can use this to expand how the area has traditionally been used within productivity. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN COMPETITION?

The future planning of Gässlösa has some strategic challenges. It is the largest urban development project in 40 years in Borås. Borås wants Gässlösa to be a model for sustainable urban development. The roadmap ahead is to determine a target vision, where the Europan contributions play an important role on how and what we want for the future Gässlösa.


Made in Borås

BORÅS (SE) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Gauthier Durey (FR), Architect, urbanist,

CONTACT — edit / atelier

landscaper; Linn Runeson (SE), Architect, urbanist;

+47 96742371

Eric Reid (CA), Landscaper, urbanist

gauthier@edit-atelier.com / www.edit-atelier.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Respectful of Borås’s identity, its industrial

and textile history, “Made in Borås” proposes to combine these elements with Gässlösa’s unique location on the Viskan river. Re-affirming the city’s riverscape as a strong tool for renewing Gässlösa’s, providing high quality living and climate adaptability. This approach led to the conceptualisation of a metropolitan river park at the core of Borås and its future developments, introducing the necessary spatial qualities for a denser urban living. JURY POINT OF VIEW — It is a great proposal that takes advantage

of the existing qualities of the site. The proposal contains an interesting variety of typologies but is at the same time a distinct unit. The proposal convincingly takes care of the situation by the water and shows how the river can be a real asset to the city. The old industrial buildings that are preserved provide a good basis for businesses to establish but also give a distinct identity to the area. The urban structure has a spatial clarity and stability that can be developed further.

35


Plugin 2 Produce AUTHOR(S) — Alexandra Kashina (RU),

36

BORÅS (SE) — RUNNER-UP CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Franziska Dehm (DE), Urbanist

Husain Vaghjipurwala (IN), Architects, urbanists;

CONTACT — +46 707713708

Johan Nilsson (SE), Urbanist

mail.omni@tutanota.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — A city that produces a broad knowledge

base for future generations and is open for diversity of skill levels, age and experience, will have the capacity to contribute to a greater good that goes beyond an individual, a family or a city. Building a resilient community demands time, focus and goals, which are shaped by going beyond traditional modes of living and working, and its interaction with the natural and the built environment. JURY POINT OF VIEW — It is a well written and well thought out

proposal. A clear strategy with three phases is presented. The ideas concerning “plug-ins” in the area are very interesting and could be developed further. The proposal deservingly incorporates many of the existing buildings in the area, which is a challenge. The proposal is strong in terms of ideas but not as clear spatially.


Re:Mediate

BORÅS (SE) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Alice Lemaire (FR), Martin Näf (BR), Teresa Arana Aristi (MX),

CONTACT — Blåsutgatan 2,

Architects, urbanists; Anna Nötzel (DE), Emeline Lex (CA), Dominika Misterka (PL),

41456 Gothenburg (SE)

Marcin Zebrowski (PL), Tony Nielsen, (SE), Victor Ohlsson (SE), Urbanists;

+46 722300615

Fernando Gonzalez-Camino (ES), Landscaper, urbanist

urban10.contact@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Introducing an adaptative urban

ecosystem in Gässlösa The synthesis between living, working, nature and recreation are the main drivers for the design proposal, ultimately creating a productive cradle-to-cradle neighbourhood. The vision is that Gässlösa will become its own kind of ecosystem, in which a symbiosis between the green, the built, and the living is able to support the needs of people and nature on the same level. This will create a cycle of functions in which everything that is put into it will mutually define, impact and support something else.

37


CHAMPIGNY-SUR-MARNE (FR) PROJECT SCALE — XL/L – territory / urban + architecture

SITE PROPOSED BY — EPAMARNE public development

LOCATION — Champigny-sur-Marne, EPT Paris-Est Marne et

agency, Champigny-sur-Marne, EPT Paris-Est Marne et Bois

Bois administrative territory, Métropole du Grand Paris

administrative territory

POPULATION — 76,500 inhab.

OWNER OF THE SITE — EPAMARNE public development

STRATEGIC SITE — 150 ha

agency, private sector

PROJECT SITE — 15 ha

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Conceptual studies,

urban planning and landscape project management, project management

City of Champigny-sur-Marne — 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The mutation goals of the wasteland that constitutes the VDO are part of a metropolitan objective of rebalancing the economy of Eastern Paris, developing productive activity in the city and bringing together the employment sectors of the major centres of the regional transport. At the scale of Champigny, it is also a question of reinvesting a site that breaks the urban fabric between the East and the West of the city, and sustaining an ecological continuity registered as such in the Regional Scheme of Ecological Coherence. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

The project site is developed along a wasteland carrying a certain environmental wealth; it is deployed between existing activity zones and an archipelago of urban projects of metropolitan scope, linked 38

together by the future transportation network —the Grand Paris Express— and the future urban boulevard that will host Altival. The site therefore offers potentials of several kinds, involving a multitude of actors. It invites us to think of a model of urban development that integrates nature, biodiversity, mobility, landscape, economic activity, jobs, uses… In addition, it raises the question of the most suitable governance model to support this development process. The theme of productivity must be considered from the angle of job creation, corresponding to the local and metropolitan basin, that is to say to the development of crafts and an urban fabric largely composed of very small and medium enterprises. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN COMPETITION?

As the VDO project was initiated prior to Europan, the competition does not constitute the generating fact of the urban project. On the other hand, Europan made it possible to compare visions and to enrich the engaged reflection. It is now a question of reconciling these different approaches to feed the project carried by the city but also the ones carried by other actors of the territory.


PLANTS

ACTIVITIES

USES

Lost Highway – (L)earning from A87

LIMITS

CHAMPIGNY-SUR-MARNE (FR) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Guillaume Barnavon (FR),

CONTACT — 16 rue Hoche, 93170 Bagnolet (FR)

Architect

+33 98932431 g.barnavon@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — On the East of Paris, a piece of territory

is crossed by a corridor of land remained frozen for an unfinished project. These pending lands create a surprising and singular void in this dense peripheral area. The result is an exceptional metropolitan garden phenomenon on this scale. Today, the various parcels that make up this lost highway are the support of isolated urban development projects. The project proposed here is an alternative to this process. Instead of removing this void with a spill-over effect, we seek to intensify it with a project of territorial scope. We propose to create a metropolitan garden that would become an intercommunal backbone based on the system of Sensitive Natural Areas (ENS) in force in the Val de Marne department. JURY POINT OF VIEW — After identifying the pros and cons of

an unfinished infrastructure, the groundwork is laid for a coherent topographical vision without the risk of isolated urban development projects. The various partners of this ring territory are called on to participate in creating a green belt on the scale of Grand Paris.

39


Stamping Ground AUTHOR(S) — Laurent Lustigman (FR), Clément Maître (FR),

40

CHAMPIGNY-SUR-MARNE (FR) — RUNNER-UP CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Clara Jan (FR), Architect; Laure Mouly (FR),

Robinson Neuville (FR), Morgane Champetier de Ribes (FR),

Chama Ouzgane (MA), Students in architecture

Ana Vida (ES), Architects, urbanists

CONTACT — www.boman.fr / www.formearchitecture.com /

www.ateliermoc.fr / www.vida.archi

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — For the development of the former VDO,

“Stamping ground” proposes to sanctify a linear natural space of approximately 60m wide on a territorial scale in order to preserve the wild landscape that has been built over more than 60 years. In parallel, the intensification of the fringes with mixed programs of variable density and typology allows to balance the land between built and non-built space. These two actions, associated with a positive reading of the existing structures and resources, make it possible to propose several initiatives that facilitate relations between the different site actors in order to enhance an ecosystem on the scale of the former VDO. This project takes advantage of the legacy of the 20th century and the processes in place to reactivate the urban metabolism. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project proposal is balanced:

it preserves the ecological quality of the site while reinvigorating the economic and urban qualities of the existing business parks. By intensifying activity on the edges, it is possible to overcome the contradiction between developing and caring for an area.


Verdoyer, cultiver, hybrider

CHAMPIGNY-SUR-MARNE (FR) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Daniel Hazanas (ES/FR), Lila Bonneau (FR),

CONTACT — 5 rue Claude Decaen, 75012 Paris (FR)

Miguel Porras (ES), Alejandro Gonzalez (ES),

+33 750962981

Architects

info@maapa.eu / www.maapa.eu

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Facing the environmental crisis and the

need to reconnect human with nature, how can we take care of the population and their nourishing earth? By playing on different temporalities, the project proposes not to build on the wasteland, but rather to landscape it and cultivate it while taking sustainable development into account. The objective remains to provide a porous urban park, a public space of mixing and sharing that is modular and reversible. In addition, how can natural and unbuilt spaces be conserved and highlighted while at the same time densifying and reorganizing already urbanized land parcels? As such, considering the palimpsest of the places, we plan to reconsider the existing by explaining the evolutionary potential of each built typology.

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GUOVDAGEAIDNU (NO) PROJECT SCALE — XL/L – territory / urban + architecture

PROJECT SITE — 387 ha

LOCATION — Guovdageaidnu, Márkan, Finnmark

SITE PROPOSED BY — Guovdageaidnu municipality

POPULATION — Municipality 2,942 inhab.,

OWNER OF THE SITE — Private and public

Márkan 2,000 inhab.

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Planning and

STRATEGIC SITE — 3,200 ha

building commission

Nils Runar Hætta — Development Advisor, municipality of Guovdageaidnu 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The main reason why we chose to join the competition is to make Kautokeino/Guovdageaidnu a better site for the inhabitants. We want to create new areas for the people that live here, areas that have no use at the moment. The competition ideas shall connect the centre, which today is made of several clusters that do not necessarily have any natural connection. Another goal is to make visible how the river was used in earlier times, and once again use the river in a more structured way. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

Our companies have strictly never moved out of the centre. Juhls Silvergallery is an example of how you can walk into the shop and look at the production. The same applies to the reindeer herders, who bring out tourists to the siida (reindeer herding group). 42

Lavvoproducer Arctic Lavvu, the Dáiddadállu artist collective and our crafters are examples of businesses that can show how the products are made. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN COMPETITION?

We are in the very beginning of the process, and have not defined a specific project yet. The re-making of the new land-use plan for Márkan (the centre) of course needs some input. The law says it is not possible to make measures within a zone of 100 meters from the sea or rivers. We want to find solutions that allow us to build closer to the river. The politicians in the municipality have given the impression that they want more areas that are suitable for businesses.


How smooth became striated

Sámi strategies

Smooth Tundra

Connectivity

Introduction of functions

Polarity of clusters

Striated Guovdageaidnu

Push multifunctionality

Improve the path network

Functional acupuncture

Urbanize clusters

Densify Guovdageaidnu

Catalogue of Ideas

GUOVDAGEAIDNU (NO) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Paul Raphael Schaegner (DE), Teresa Timm (DE),

CONTACT — paulraphaelschaegner@gmail.com / www.PRSch.net

Merle Jelitto (DE), Architects

teresa.timm@gmx.de / www.behance.net/teresatimm merle.jelitto@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Guovdageaidnu’s urbanity reflects its past

and present; it is a hybrid manifestation of ancient nomadism and the introduction of modernity. We trace five strategies from its history to develop its future and to carve out existing qualities. — Relating to the “smooth tundra”, we will push multifunctionality into public space. — From the network of connectivity, a few informal pathways will be improved to connect urban and natural points of interest. — Like the first sedentary introduction of programs, “functional acupuncture” will strengthen the urban, natural and social fabric. — With the polarity of urban fronts and rears towards the tundra, buildings will be grouped in urbanized clusters. Islands of urbanity in the tundra will form a “striated Guovdageaidnu”, with the new five densified central clusters. JURY POINT OF VIEW — Based on an informed interpretation of

Guouvdageaidnu’s development as a hybrid settlement, the project presents a very ambitious answer to the challenging call and to the general topic of “The Productive City”. The project interestingly frames the site as having developed or unfolded between the “smooth” space of the tundra and the “striated” space of the modern welfare state. It further elaborates this framing by proposing a set of five strategies for strengthening and articulating a specific “Sámi urbanism”.

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Radical Reimagining 44

GUOVDAGEAIDNU (NO) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Ona Flindall (NO), Architect;

CONTACT — +47 40045979 / onaflindall@gmail.com

Marianne Lucie Skuncke (NO), Architect, urbanist

+47 90633781 / marianne.skuncke@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The Sámi people of Guovdageaidnu carry

a collective inheritance of enforced staticity and centralisation. If current municipality plans are failing to provide conditions for the productive city, it is because they privilege European and Norwegian ideals and fail to recognize underlying cultural mechanisms and traditional infrastructures as viable points of departure for future development and growth. Through a series of precise interventions, the proposal questions the role and purpose of architecture head on. Each intervention initiates with the explicit intention of realizing effects beyond the place of insertion. Each intervention holds a pivotal potential for re-orientating Guovdageaidnu towards the productive space that is not defined by its buildings or the spaces between them, but by the larger landscape, the history, memories and livelihoods that interweave with it. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project clearly recognizes the

complexity of the site and related land use controversies, engagingly addressing the need to establish and maintain the links between nature and culture, the reindeer economy and the welfare institutions, cultural heritage and the challenges of tourism; all of which are conditioning forces of Guovdageaidnu. It emphasizes the need to advance with great sensitivity to the special circumstances of the site and the accumulated experience of its inhabitants, and include ideas on how micro-scale interventions can enhance already existing forms of production and expression, including the already ongoing comprehensive planning practices of Guovdageaidnu.



MARSEILLE (FR) SCALES — XL/S – territory / architecture + context

OWNER OF THE SITE — City of Marseille, department of

LOCATION — Marseille, La Cabucelle district

Bouches du Rhône, state, social landlords, Region PACA,

POPULATION — City 862,000 inhab. District 14 231 inhab.

multiplicity of private actors

STRATEGIC SITE — 150 ha

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Urban and architectural

PROJECT SITE — 90 ha

feasibility study, mastery of urban and architectural work to initiate

SITE PROPOSED BY — Marseille Rénovation Urbaine

with operational partners

Aix Marseille Provence Metropolis — 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

In the district of La Cabucelle, the goals of the city are mixed: housing in various forms and large industrial tenements, mixed with small businesses, that the Metropolis wants to maintain. The Urban Renewal Project, the main lines of which are under construction, wants to support the dynamics underway in the district: encourage existing initiatives, both associative, entrepreneurial and public, in order to integrate them into a global project. The community wants to be a facilitator more than an initiator. It is a question of specifying a goal for the Cabucelle district, and of providing this district with the tools allowing its endogenous development. The arrival of the metro at the end of 2019, and of the tram by 2025, but also the existence of public investments (TC, Carburateur), but also as private and associative (association Cap au Nord Entreprendre…), on the district, are as many assets for a smooth mutation, going in the direction of a dynamics that is favourable to the actors and the current and future inhabitants of the district. 46

2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

This site bears in itself the marks of a reduction in industrial production activity for a long time: wasteland in mutation, evolution of activity towards the tertiary sector, even sometimes substitution of the activity by housing. One of the challenges is to maintain employment-generating activities and integrate them into a neighbourhood where residents live. It is therefore a question of tending towards a productive city where it is good to come to work, to live, but also to exchange, a city which could adapt to the requirements of an adaptation or readjustment to local challenges and provide its users with the sufficient amenities and an attractive environment. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN COMPETITION?

We are based on the concept of metabolisms developed during the various seminars the city as a metabolism able to reuse wealth, assets, materials, in order to create something else.


43°20’3’’N 5°21’39’’E: Manifeste clinique

MARSEILLE (FR) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Florian Carrot (FR), Alice Mathais (FR),

CONTACT — 69 rue des Rigoles, 75020 Paris (FR)

Céline Montaru (FR), Architects, urbanists;

+33 777729647

Grégoire Billard (FR), Jurist, urbanist

contact@lup-urbanisme.fr / alice.mathais@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The productive Cabucelle should not

be a remanence of the industrial era, but rather rely on the existing broad neglect for a richer economic life, varied and cooperative for the entire area: the peripheral plots —project sites whose fundamentals have been settled— will be a lever to create an ecosystem based on an activity co-managed with the inhabitants and all the productive actors. The urban project is based on this logic of sharing, bringing together all the Cabucelle’s people in the Clinic, the coordinating structure. And sharing finds a spatial interpretation within the architectural PROJECT DYNAMICS, SHOPS AND POTENTIAL PROPERTIES

MOBILITY – ACTUAL SITUATION AND MAJOR PROJECTS

and urban principles, with public spaces and programming that will create a heart of Cabucelle, giving the inhabitants a new place in the life of their district. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The team proposes the renovation of the

old clinic in La Cabucelle to become the heart of the neighbourhood’s renew a land a uniting force for the project: “La Clinique” is a joint management structure that brings citizens, associations and economic partners together around a shared transformation project. The productive city is both a heritage on which to build and the vision of a future driven by a new shared economic life, represented by the symbolically significant resuscitation of an abandoned public facility.

LANDSCAPE AND PUBLIC SPACES

AUTOMOBILE SECTOR, INDUSTRIAL FABRIC AND POLLUTION

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Learning from Marseille 48

MARSEILLE (FR) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Lucile Ado (FR), Architect, urbanist;

CONTACT — Veilchenstrasse 6, 8032 Zürich (CH)

Natalia Vera Vigaray (ES), Patxi Martin Dominguez (ES),

+33 677784313

Josep Garriga Tarrés (ES), Architects;

marseille@superplatform.eu

Marine Declève (BE), Urbanist

www.superplatform.eu

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Our project mobilizes a vision of a

productive city that reverses consumption trends. It slows down the pace and is no longer linked to the notion of employment but to work as an activity that gives us a place in society in respect with our vital needs to find a home, feed and reproduce itself. The APRU promotes the exchange of technical know-how related to the improvement of the built environment. Travels, teamwork and workshops aim to put production back on the human side and to integrate art into everyday life. This inversion is a cultural change that involves an educational project that suggests that garbage does not go to the sea but comes from the sea and that we can go to the waste management centre just like we go to the supermarket (Collective action for the creation of PARU). JURY POINT OF VIEW — The team closely links the urban renewal

project to apprenticeship and training programs open to residents in landscaping, sustainable construction and waste management. On the spatial and architectural side, the project proposes new Mediterranean typologies combining housing and workspaces.


Le Faubourg du réemploi

MARSEILLE (FR) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Asimina Mavromatidi (GR), Ion Maleas (GR),

CONTACT — DEMO COLLECTIF

Margaux Tissot (FR), Martin Ravel (FR), Architects;

+33 624458590

Matthieu Bloch (FR), Urbanist;

democollectif@gmail.com

Valentine Gilbert (FR), Landscaper

www.democollectif.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — For this project, we operate the concept

of productive city through the re-use of building materials. La Cabucelle, a popular district of Marseille, will profit from an ambitious urban restructuration project nearby: Euromeditérannée 2. Ecology, employment, industrial heritage and public spaces will be requalified through a recycling economy. This circular economy will enhance the former identity of the area, encouraging its inhabitants to make it their own, turning it both towards the sea and towards the Massif de l’Étoile. Our approach is that of an evolutionary conception of the city, through the creation of an artisanal and industrial land management agency, partnerships with the local committed educational actors and finally, on the valorisation of an industrial patrimony. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The team proposes a circular-economy

strategy based on reusing construction sector materials and waste in the development of public spaces and abandoned industrial sites. The project develops a progressive urban plan that takes temporary advantage of little-used spaces or vacant buildings associated with other activities: storage, sorting and recycling, apprenticeships or shops.

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NIN (HR) PROJECT SCALE — L – urban + architecture

SITE PROPOSED BY — Ministry of Construction and Physical

LOCATION — Nin, Ždrijac settlement

Planning, Croatia

POPULATION — 2,750 inhab.

OWNER OF THE SITE — Private and public owners

STRATEGIC SITE — 200 ha / PROJECT SITE — 36 ha

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Urban development plan,

workshops

Emil Ćurko — Mayor of Nin 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The aim of participating in the Europan competition for architectural and urban development of the Ždrijac neighbourhood in Nin was to minimize the summer-winter oscillations of staying or living in the area by planning the design and use of space. Accordingly, the City of Nin expects the transformation of the competition site to halt the trend, i.e. the negative rush of seasonal use of this attractive area of the town, and by creating and offering quality facilities, setting the conditions for a productive 12-month life in the Ždrijac neighbourhood. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

The Ždrijac site in Nin can become productive through carefully planned future construction, maximally integrated and adapted to the surrounding area, precisely using those natural and architectural resources located in the immediate vicinity of the site, such as the 50

traditional fields of Nin Saltworks, the mouth of the Jaruga River with sandy beaches as well as the remains of the industrial architecture of the former Brickworks, and of course the proximity of the protected historic town. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN COMPETITION?

The Europan competition has introduced some exceptionally successful ideas and architectural answers that could be perfectly implemented in the neighbourhood in order to achieve the desired goal of a productive site, but this process takes time to consider the implementation of both architectural ideas and concrete actions regarding the procedure for adoption of amendments to the City’s spatial planning documentation.


Soft Buffers

NIN (HR) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Irena Bakić (HR), Iva Jelinčić (HR),

CONTACT — irenabakic@antika.space / www.antika.space

Mirna Udovčić (HR), Architects

iva.jelincic@gmail.com / www.bonkassy.com udovcic.mirna@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — At first, there was a feeling of familiarity.

The spaces that we saw were okay —they didn’t need much help, it was just the connections between them that needed to be strengthened. The brickyard, an artefact of a past life, gets a new chance for productivity; surrounded by a landscape of constructed wetlands, it becomes, once again, a vital part of the community. The Ždrijac settlement goes through a process of densification, while a soft forest territory surrounds it and protects it, providing ultimate Mediterranean shade. The newly established closeness is reinforced by outdoor spaces within a house, serving both as public spaces and cooling devices. The ordered pair of Ždrijac and the brickyard establishes new cycles and landscapes, but ultimately perpetuates everyday life in Nin. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project has far-reaching consequences

not only for the city of Nin, but also for all coastal areas, where spatial wealth is obviously destroyed by the public and the profession, which is accepted as an inevitable fact against which nothing can be done. The authors suggest that architecture can deliver genuine optimism, but only if it changes its mode of action, repair the state of space and enhance its qualities for future generations.

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MOVEnIN 52

NIN (HR) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Dajana Štukar Živković (HR), Architect;

CONTACT — MOVE STUDIO

Mateja Valentić (HR), Architect, urbanist; Ivan Kutija (HR), Building engineer

Vinogradska cesta 36, 10000 Zagreb (HR)

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Korina Kljaić (HR), Student in architecture;

+385 915144935

Marin Živković (HR), Musician

info@movestudio.eu / www.movestudio.eu

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The basic characteristics of a productive

settlement, along with high quality planning methods, are used to the maximum, as well as the natural potential of the place is reinforced. That is precisely the goal of our project. Considering the built-up structure requires a change of system over a long period of time and trying to establish the connection between the settlement and its surrounding landscape; we have chosen the method of gradual action from the edges to the centre. The basic concept in planning is the affirmation of motion by forming a peripheral circular path that connects different character entities and creates a complete space experience. The continuous path around the Ždrijac settlement becomes a generator of development. It unites age groups, pedestrians, bikers and recreationalists. It is linked to the contents of various functions. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project proposes a solution to the

problematic points of Nin urbanism with a series of individual moves and solutions that cumulatively raise the quality of space, but are not subject to a unique plan or time sequence. A typology of pedestrian streets is proposed as a continuation of the existing streets around which gardens are formed with prefabricated lightweight structures. This hybrid typology suggests a new form of sustainable agriculture that is becoming a new driver of development as an alternative to seasonal living in holiday homes.


A Moment Apart

NIN (HR) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Jimena Alonso Díaz (ES),

CONTACT — 9 Jerónimo de la Quintana, 28010 Madrid (ES)

Cristina Sánchez Bueno (ES), Pablo Rodríguez Rodríguez (ES),

+34 646606371

Architects

jimena.alonso.diaz@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The objective of this proposal is to make

the most of the resources of the city of Nin, reinventing its possible uses, and open new frontiers for the future of the city. A final, and at the same time, unfinished image of a future Nin is proposed, the activities of which, despite being seasonal, will be transformed throughout the year to cover the different months with equal intensity. Activities based on the same resources, yet exploited in different ways as part of the same objective. The incorporation of the Salinas Clinical Centre spa, together with the recovery of the old brick factory, will mark an activity limit that will allow the creation of a new centre in the Ždrijac neighbourhood. An intervention project on public space is carried out, which will connect the fabric of the neighbourhood.

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ROTTERDAM VIERHAVENSBLOK (NL) SCALES — L/S – urban + architecture / architecture + context

OWNER OF THE SITE — Public and private ownership

LOCATION — Rotterdam, Merwe-Vierhavens, Vierhavensblok

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Design (or research-by-design)

POPULATION — 650,000 inhab.

assignment on implementation on the project site (or a site with

STRATEGIC SITE — 92.2 ha / PROJECT SITE — 5.5 ha

similar characteristics) commissioned by the municipality of

SITE PROPOSED BY — Municipality of Rotterdam

Rotterdam and/or private partners

Europan Nederland — 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The project site is located within the Merwe-Vierhavens (M4H). It is characterized by a mix of solitary industrial buildings and halls, situated around a large open collective space. In the near future, new work-and-live typologies will be inserted that provide space for crafts and creative manufacturing businesses as well as high quality housing. Affordability of workspaces and collectivity as the basis for circularity are two important starting points for these new developments. The challenge is to densify the site with new circular building blocks where working and living meet. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

The City of Rotterdam seeks opportunities in the combination of accommodating its growth, shaping the transition from traditional industry to the next economy, and creating a more sustainable, and thus circular, city. Building on a long tradition of architectural 54

experiments and engineering the urban metabolism of the city and its port, it now calls on citizens to contribute collectively to smart circular solutions for innovative work-and-live environments, while contributing to the renewal of the port area. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN COMPETITION?

Characteristic of Rotterdam is the credo “making city together”. Municipality, market parties, corporations and other enthusiastic city makers are working together to build a productive, inclusive, healthy, circular and compact city. In order to put their money where their mouth is, the parties involved are now trying to actually bring the rich harvest of Europan 15 one step closer to realization, together with the winning teams. To this end, a workshop programme is established, in which thinking and doing go hand in hand. First leading questions for Vierhavensblok: The challenge to develop a productive city cannot be met by the design of monofunctional or isolated buildings alone. Therefore, we will view the E15 locations Kop Dakpark, Vierhavensblok and Visserijplein in relation to each other. The city emphatically did not call for blueprints for this location, which is therefore the most process-oriented challenge of the competition. Therefore, we collect more information about current initiatives in the area, and reflect from these perspectives on the winning plan. We aim to make a physical connection —for example a temporary bridge— from the project site to the Dakpark, creating a direct link between the M4H area and the neighbourhoods Bospolder and Tussendijken.


Makers’ Maze

ROTTERDAM VIERHAVENSBLOK (NL) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Izabela Slodka (PL), Architect;

CONTACT — Vlaggemanstraat 26A-02, 3038LE Rotterdam (NL)

Erica Chladova (CZ), Architect, landscaper

+31 614630687 / contact@izaslodka.com www.izaslodka.com / www.liminaloffice.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — In “Makers’ Maze” architecture is

reconnected with the economic, social and political realities of the contemporary city by offering a flexible method rather than a rigid design. The goal is to create new conditions for creativity, circularity, interaction, sharing and freedom while preserving the existing. The charm of the Vierhavensblok is its informal character where one finds the unexpected around each corner and where chance encounters breed new collaborations. Inspired by these qualities we propose a series of interlocking building clusters organized around a network of passages, streets and squares, creating a unified, resilient, and intriguing urban scheme. We hope to build on the present sense of community and self-initiative by leaving enough room for organic growth and adaptation. JURY POINT OF VIEW — “Makers’ Maze” presents the alluring

perspective that is so desired at this location. It is a realistic plan as well, provided you read it as a potential direction rather than a master plan. It proposes a strong strategy, choosing to mix public space with production-related functions. In terms of architecture, the project is properly detailed and it refers to the productive atmosphere that the area has today. Where rough edges still exist, they can be and are used. The plan shows that this location allows the design of a whole series of different buildings in different modalities.

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STEP 2 – LEARNING CENTRE

STEP 3 – DOUBLE-USE SPACES

STEP 1 – RENEWABLE ENERGY TRUST

STEP 4 – A NEW TYPE OF ACCOMMODATION

STEP 5 – TRANSPORT HUB (AND COMMUNITY ROOF GARDEN AND WORKSPACES)

Platform of Commons 56

ROTTERDAM VIERHAVENSBLOK (NL) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Alessandra Farina (IT), Architect, urbanist;

CONTACT — 20 rue Gustave Defnet,

Alexandra Chairetaki (GR), Urbanist, landscaper

1060 Saint-Gilles, Bruxelles (BE) +44 7751008725 / platformofcommons@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Our project is based on the idea that

infrastructures do not exist only in their materiality, but are rather are a platform enabling a new system of social and knowledge production. The small scale of the site is an advantage not only to redefine the relationship between the harbour and the city but also to foster interaction and social relationships within the area and the surroundings, building on its current resources and actors. For “Platform of Commons”, mixed-use is not considered only in spatial terms; instead, it encompasses the social aspects. What people will share is not just spatial facilities, but a series of “common practices” that will change the way of use and production, therefore creating a new mindset. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The jury appreciates the poetic power

of this project and at the same time the clear definition of the development steps. The project also addresses the various parties that will have to carry the load of developing the area, like the City of Rotterdam, and the mutual trust found in the area. As a development strategy, the project is strong, but in terms of architectural detailing, the plan falls short. And detailed plans are necessary to eventually achieve a diverse neighbourhood.



TÄBY (SE) PROJECT SCALE — L – urban + architecture

SITE PROPOSED BY — Municipality of Täby

LOCATION — Arninge-Ullna, Täby

OWNER OF THE SITE — Municipality of Täby

POPULATION — 70,000 inhab.

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Masterplan

STRATEGIC SITE — 300 ha / PROJECT SITE — 23 ha

City of Täby — 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

Arninge-Ullna is one of the most exciting development areas in Täby. It can be described as a city with a number of districts. There is a residential area, an industrial business area and external retail. The aim is to enhance these different districts with additional functions and create an attractive and productive area for residences as well as for businesses. The goals are to develop the site with residencies, production capacity, recreational facilities, and public functions in order to affect the balance of the whole Arninge-Ullna area and further its path towards a rich and mixed city. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

The site is part of eight city centres designated in the regional plan for greater Stockholm. The district will open up to extensive public transport, as a new station on the regional railway is scheduled to open in 2021. This will add to the already working artery of the E18 motorway. All in all, the district has a potential to serve as a 58

productive city core for a larger region. The aim is to find a way to best connect the production of services and spaces, including cultural and recreational, in the evolving ecosystem. Here, an important key lies in the current project site: with proper steps, synergies can be created between residents and productive elements such as knowledge-based activities, workplaces and community services. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN COMPETITION?

The municipality is currently working with a masterplan for the whole Arninge-Ullna area. The aim is to integrate ideas from the winning proposal into it.


The Generous City

TÄBY (SE) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Moa Andrén (SE),

CONTACT — AndrénFogelström

Tove Fogelström (SE),

Repslagargatan 15A, 11846 Stockholm (SE)

Architects

moa@andrenfogelstrom.se / tove@andrenfogelstrom.se www.andrenfogelstrom.se

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — “The Generous City” offers a positive

vision for the productive city of the future. Based on the topics of resource, mobility and equity the proposal suggests three strategies to develop productive cities: Mix More; Move More; and Meet More. Within the strategies, new and traditional urban planning tools are used to transform the existing large-scale and car-bound monoculture into a mixed, dense and rich structure where everyone is welcome, and everything will be able to contribute. Nature and urbanity entwine to form a city that is generous with green qualities and that is tolerant to extreme weather and climate change. Streets and public space are designed to absorb water and at the same time encourage meetings and sustainable transportation. In Täby the modernist city is transformed into a generous and productive city of the future. “The Generous City” is a place where people gather, produce and share. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project has an overall urban approach

that is convincing for the location. A robust block structure is based on existing streets and connections to the surroundings. The plan is clear and conceivable, a structure that will last over time. The proposal effectively deals with the important situation near the railway station, and places public functions such as school and sports facilities in a favourable way. The unifying park space in the middle is a strength but can be explored even further.

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Living Proximities 60

TÄBY (SE) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Lorenzo Catena (IT),

CONTACT — SET Architects + Andrea Di Renzo

Onorato Di Manno (IT),

Via della Stazione Ostiense 27, 00154 Roma (IT)

Andrea Di Renzo (IT),

+39 3470076369

Andrea Tanci (IT), Architects

info@set-architects.com / www.set-architects.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — “Living Proximities” proposes an urban

model on a human scale where the distinct and separated elements within the territory of Arninge-Ullna are connected and reconsidered in a single macro-system. Envisioning a city in which contemporary living, productivity and wilderness coexist together, offering a stimulating variety of services and experiences, both for residents and visitors. A city in which relationships are more important than the single elements and where the line between production, labour and housing is blurred, and where public space and nature are blended together. “Living Proximities” envisions a liveable and productive place where everything is at hand. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project proposes a strict grid on

the site that is filled with different content. A strong and clear idea. The proposal shows an ambition to tackle the big picture at the site, which is a strength. The urban structure is designed as square blocks where the buildings offer an open character. The proposal uses tower blocks at different heights to create an element of identity, which is an interesting idea for the area. Unfortunately, the public spaces in the proposal are not entirely convincing.


Den Gröna Kilen

TÄBY (SE) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Lea Olsson (DK), Architect, urbanist;

CONTACT — Loerakker Olsson Architects

Jan Loerakker (NL), Architect

Amsterdam (NL) / København (DK)

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Olivia Thomsen (DK), Architect

office@loa.ac / www.loa.ac

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The project site is an overwhelming

landscape with lots of space for dreaming. So that is what we intend to do. This is an amazing natural area and a place that should not be destroyed by large, massive buildings. Instead, we will build on top of the local green qualities and the existing scenography. For us the idea of a green corridor was a central concept for this landscape scenery. A recreational stream connecting and combining the project site, offices, sports facilities and new housing with the rest of the Arninge-Ullna neighbourhood. The central theme of “The Productive City” will develop in Täby centre around the notion of user involvement, construction and community. The project connects the idea of production with the actual construction of the site itself.

61


WEIZ (AT) PROJECT SCALE — XL/S – territory / architecture + context

SITE PROPOSED BY — Municipality of Weiz

LOCATION — Gleisdorferstraße, Weiz, Styria

& Federal province of Styria

POPULATION — 11,700 inhab.

OWNER OF THE SITE — Municipality of Weiz

STRATEGIC SITE — 100 ha

& Province of Styria

PROJECT SITE — 4.8 ha & 19 ha

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Framework plan and design

guide for urban space

Oswin Donnerer — Cultural Councillor 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

Our main goal regarding Europan is to open new vistas in urban planning. Although we have been planning in the destination area for a long time now, we are still trapped in conventional patterns. New ideas and conceptions which so far have not been thought of yet are expected to expand conventional and traditional patterns in architecture and urban planning. Young and unorthodox Europan architects who are non-locals can achieve this goal by using an innovative approach. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

The planning area is characterized by a big variety of different land use —settlement area, traffic area, economic and trading area, brown fields. The main aim is to keep the variety of the existing uses and at the same time to increase the quality of production, 62

living and trading: creating more green areas, improving the site development of the river Weizbach and trendsetting ideas. Europan is to provide important inputs in this process. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN COMPETITION?

Since we know the time schedule for the reconstruction of the Gleisdorferstraße and we are aware of the fact that the actual situation and the changing of the traffic situation will not necessarily lead to a positive development, we would like to have a clear vision about feasible developments regarding urban planning and designing ideas as soon as possible. Moreover, the lot owners on the industrial area will push the development of the brown field. It is of utmost importance to support them with innovative ideas and suggestions regarding a forward-looking development of the brown field that will also be part of a strategy of a further development in urban planning.


Learning from the Future

WEIZ (AT) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Marta Benedetti (IT), Davide Fuser (IT),

CONTACT — 44 Bramber Road, W149PB London (GB)

Federica Gallucci (IT), Maria Letizia Garzoli (IT), Silvia Tasini (IT),

+32 496038746

David Vecchi (IT), Architects

e15.learningfromthefuture@gmail.com www.learningfromthefuture.eu

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — “Learning from the Future” proposes a

sustainable, experimental, and active urban landscape to match and reflect the creative and entrepreneurial energy of Weiz’s inhabitants. The masterplan designs both the physical spaces and their strategies with a circular economy in mind, expanding upon local strengths, namely the pioneering attitude towards energy and climate, which has yielded world class industries and knowledge services. The project addresses several scales and ecologies, to work within both time and landscape ‘seamlessness’. “Learning from the Future” is the mise-en-place of best practices for a life-oriented city, a city to thrive in. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project offers a spatial quality of the

proposed street scenario. It addresses the road as a public space whose surface not only links the green space with the urban texture, but also defines different scales and different traffic speeds. The project proposes a function-mix for the old tannery. In general, the coherent program is lauded not only for its scope but also because it is rooted in the specific industrial activities of the city.

63


Weiz Archipelago 64

WEIZ (AT) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Sebastian Sattlegger (AT),

CONTACT — Afrikanergasse 14/11, 1020 Wien (AT)

Bernhard Mayer (AT), Architects;

+43 6507874761

Clara Linsmeier (AT), Student in Architecture

info@sml.wien / www.sml.wien

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The city of Weiz is situated in the productive

landscape of Weiz-Gleisdorf, a complex system of diverse spaces, demanding a holistic planning approach. With the construction of the new mobility axis (ODF), Gleisdorfer Strasse loses its function as the city’s main transit route. This change in meaning has to be seen as an opportunity for the contiguous neighbourhoods. No longer a transit space, the area can be tackled and transformed through a set of emerging topics. The creation of public space is a starting point for future development. The goal of this process is to create a manifold part of town, where the neighbourhoods are connected by two linear elements: a transformed street and streetscape, and a continuous park along Weizbach. Thereby this area takes a special role in the productive landscape. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project presents an analysis of the

existing heterogeneous urban fabric through the atlas of islands. The project is understood as an urban planning proposal on a long-term scale, with a broader focus. Archipelago’s strength is its dealing with nature and the southern part of the project area. There, the emphasis on the flooding issue especially becomes apparent and is formulated as an integral part of the project.



1/ CHA METAB 66

A new balance must be found between the relations, processes, flows and multiple forces of the sites that are large and contain a variety of agents (human and nonhuman) with long– and short-term cycles, and far-reaching ecological, economic and territorial implications.


NGING BOLISM 67

1/B From linear to circular economy Characterized by a “linear”, obsolete or monofunctional economic approach, the site aspires to incorporate other resources and uses that create synergies and new potentials for interaction so that to create a circular system, catalysing flows and processes in a more integrative and efficient way. ANALYSIS ARTICLE: Definitions of Circularity

68

Carlos Arroyo (ES) — Architect, urbanist, linguist, teacher Charleroi (BE)

74 Laterza (IT)

90

Enköping (SE)

78 Port-Jérôme-sur-Seine (FR)

94

Graz (AT)

82 Rochefort Océan (FR)

98

Karlovac (HR)

86 Warszawa (PL)

102


Definitions of Circularity Analysis article by Carlos Arroyo (ES) — Architect, urbanist, linguist, teacher in Madrid’s Universidad Europea. He is the founder and director of Carlos Arroyo Arquitectos www.carlosarroyo.net

68

The declared purpose of this text is to explore, describe

Exploring the strategies, not only do we encounter

and categorize the different strategies and tactics

differences in scope, but we also find ourselves

proposed in this Europan session to introduce the

collecting a range of definitions of circular economy

principles of circular economy in productive cities.

as implied or stated by the winning teams in this set.

The sites in this category share an aspiration to

Some proposals focus on natural cycles, and work

incorporate a multiplicity of uses and resources that

on the circularity of water, fertile soil, wind or energy.

may create synergies in a network of interactions, to

They may study, for instance, a general cycle of water,

substitute an existing linear or monofunctional approach

visualizing how evaporation of sea water produces

that is deemed to be obsolete.

rainclouds that water our fields before returning to the

While there are differences between them, all sites

river, and then working on the site to ensure that there is

are relatively large and can convene a complex set of

a balance between the use of the water for local activity

agents, human and non-human, that relate in networks

and the contribution of the site to the general flow of

that range from the far-reaching cycles of ecology

the cycle of water in the territory —we have called this

in the territory to more local short-term cycles. As a

approach “Biosphere Circularity”.

consequence, the proposals differ widely in scope and

Another set of proposals look at the industries of

focus, and in order to establish comparisons it seems

production and manufacture in order to find synergies

necessary to gage the scales of ambition in relation to

between different actors that may increase the efficiency

our disciplines.

of resource management. They may look into, for

1, 2, 3 — ROCHEFORT OCÉAN (FR), WINNER — L’ESCARGOT, LA MÉDUSE ET LE BÉGONIA > SEE MORE P.99


4, 5, 6 — CHARLEROI (BE), RUNNER-UP — FORGING THE FALLOW > SEE MORE P.75

example, the possible transformation into fertilizer of

and tourism —as exemplified by the medusa in the

organic matter resulting from a food transformation

heading: a wonder of biodiversity while a threat for sea-

industry, and then propose a platform for such an

bathing tourists.

exchange to take place without effort —we have called

As a consequence, the strategies are intertwined, multi-

this conception “Industrial Circularity”.

scalar, and sometimes in apparent contradiction, with

A group of proposals study the site to find opportunities

forces pulling in different directions in order to find

of transformation with the minimum input for a maximum

a new balance. Such is the nature of the challenge

result, changing the way

as engaged by the team, moving away from one-

we see existing elements,

directional mentalities such as the polderification of the

bringing value to what

land, to more nuanced balances where the waters are

can already be found on

allowed to flow freely in enough places for nature to take

site. They may find a new

its course while ensuring the viability of the port and

use for such elements,

agriculture, and the safety of the urban environments.

or transform them to en-

Circularity in this case is defined implicitly in relation to

hance their value, reframe

natural flows, the biosphere as understood by the theory

them within an improved

of circularity, with diagrams showing the formation of

background, or re-de-

rocks from oyster shells in a geological timescale in

scribe them to change

parallel to the effect of fertilization of arable lands on

our perception —we have

the limes transported by storm water into the river and

called this attitude “Mate-

towards the sea at the scale of a decade.

rial Circularity”.

Tactics combine landscape-scale interventions such as

When we look at each of

softening or hardening the water-land limits to engage

these groups, arranged

with the territorial flows, urban-scale proposals often

by definitions of circularity,

pertaining to transit of goods and people, and human

and attempt to categorize the strategies and tactics

scale opportunities mainly to enjoy the unfolding of such

that are proposed in each case, we find the following

a choreography of flows, supported by an imagery of

five categories:

inviting scenes where one might want to go cycling, or

Incorporating a multiplicity of uses and resources that may create synergies in a network of interactions, to substitute an existing linear or monofunctional approach that is deemed to be obsolete

just sit down and watch from a wooden chair. BIOSPHERE CIRCULARITY, MANAGING THE FLOWS OF NATURE

BETWEEN BIOSPHERE CIRCULARITY

We begin with L’escargot, la méduse & le bégonia,

AND INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION: SUSTAINABLY

co-winner at Rochefort Océan (FR), a proposal that

HARVESTING RESOURCES IN THE BIOSPHERE

declares to avoid urban-centric and anthropocentric

Bridging the previous group and the next, a number

visions, engaging in a study of the territory with

of proposals make it their business to work with the

beautifully drafted cartography in plan and

biosphere, but mostly as a source for industrial or

diagrammatic section at a scale of 1:60.000 that spans

agricultural production.

over the three panels of the entry, in an effort that can

Such is the case of the runner-up in Charleroi (BE),

be described as geographic (fig. 1, 2, 3). At the same

Forging the fallow, striving to transform brownfields into

time, the text departs from a traditional idea of scale by

green fields by promoting a new economy based on

simultaneously inquiring into the infinitely small and the

the life cycle of wood and the reuse of wood waste

infinitely large, from the behaviour of small crustaceans

and more generally biomass for energy production

to international trade, or the conflict between biodiversity

(fig. 4, 5, 6).

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7 — ENKÖPING (SE), WINNER — ROOT CITY > SEE MORE P.79

8, 9 — LATERZA (IT), WINNER — O’SCIUVILO > SEE MORE P.91

11 — GRAZ (AT), WINNER — 47NORD15OST > SEE MORE P.83

pillars, to support a variety of activities that will change

70

in time, a collection of “surprise boxes.” Then, despite its forest-evoking title, the winning project in Karlovac (HR), The Fantastic Forest Phenomenon: Testing a New Narrative focuses on neither greenery nor wood as the main productive aspect. The team proposes a set of infrastructural elements based on the water cycle —devices to harvest water as well 10 — ROCHEFORT OCÉAN (FR), WINNER — LET THE RIVER IN > SEE MORE P.100

as managing storm water— and renewable energy —to produce renewable energy as well as putting it

Greenery and agriculture are also instrumental in

to use, e.g. recharging electric cars—along corridors

the winning proposal in Warsaw (PL), Feedback

within a new forest that is meant to create a mythical

Placemaking; they are here integrated in a participatory

environment to house buildings and other elements of

process, making the project evolve step by step. Urban

program.

farming, productive parks and wood harvesting are

The water cycle is further explored by the winner in

proposed as tools to reintroduce people and to define

Laterza (IT), O’Sciuvilo, also proposing an infrastructural

recognizable places that will change the narrative of

element, in this case a hydraulic machine that intersects

the site.

with public space in section to generate an urban

In a different context, and creating a more densely

landscape of water management and production

inhabited imagery, the winning project in Enköping (SE),

(fig. 8, 9).

Root City, places a radical bet on urban agriculture, harnessing the forces of nature for the production of

INDUSTRIAL CIRCULARITY, WORKING

food with such conceptual strength that urban form and

FOR LOCAL SELF-SUFFICIENCY

building typology —the substance and the image of

Also territorial, but focused on human activity rather

the city— are generated by the technical elements of

than on territorial ecology, the co-winner in Rochefort

intensive agriculture (fig. 7).

Océan (FR), Let the River in, plots a chart of stakeholders

A sustainably harvested forest is at the base of the

and products, starting with local actors, tracing their off-

winning proposal in Port-Jérôme-Sur-Seine (FR), Boîtes

products, proposing transit and transformation activities

à secrets, with a series of differently shaped but similarly

to generate outgoing produce associated to possible

conceived buildings, each of them a small forest of

uses, then fed back to local actors (fig. 10).


The chart on panel one implies a double definition of

MATERIAL PLATFORMS FOR CIRCULAR

circularity. On the one hand, the synergies of different

INDUSTRIES: DESIGNING FOR THE UPCYCLE

actors are studied so that the would-be waste of one

Another in-between category emerges, with proposals

actor becomes a resource for a different use; this is

that want to create a flexible platform for industrial

in line with definitions of circularity based on material

circularity, by designing a material base that allows for

production, such as the main ideas behind the Cradle to

unexpected exchanges and withstands change towards

Cradle movement. On the other hand, local actors are

directions yet unknown.

both at the beginning and at the end of the loop, with

This is the case of the winner in Graz (AT) 47Nord15Ost,

a marginal note for the possibility of resources being

that considers the ground surface as a large-scale

exchanged with other

platform for exchange, and then proposes The Hub

territories; this introduces

as a building-scale platform for unknown uses. They

a different nuance to

describe it as a radical machine designed for its

circularity, to propound

almost infinite re-use. Services, technical rooms,

local self‑sufficiency.

vertical distribution elements (such as stairs and

The strategy focuses on

workers and vehicle elevators) are placed outside the

logistics, proposing an

main volume as autonomous and easily identifiable

enhanced system of fluvial

structures. The volume itself is built with hollow core

transportation, linking a

slabs for maximum clear spans, assembled on a

series of nodes (an eco-

modular mesh that allows maximum potential of internal

campus, a biosource

reconfiguration, or even —in a future scenario of strong

technology park, etc.)

demographic growth crisis— a possible reconversion

Creating a flexible platform for industrial circularity, by designing a material base that allows for unexpected exchanges

to manage the exchange of not-waste-but-nutrients

into a residential building (fig. 11, 12).

between the different actors in the network. Proposed implementation tactics are based on what

MATERIAL CIRCULARITY,

is generally known as research by design, envisaging

UPCYCLING MATERIALS AS FOUND

a course of action based on reduced scale devices

The Special Mention in Charleroi (BE), Matière Savante,

and prototypes implemented over time to evaluate

proposes a simple, yet effective way to transform and

its impact and to decide on its generalization or not

remobilize the industrial heritage and its local context

and possibly develop industrialized procedures for

by applying a coat of paint, proposing the inventory

further implementation.

and colour coded census of four major elements that make up the site today. A structural inventory in red (steel beams, bricks and masonry elements, sheets, etc.); an inventory of flows in blue (pipeline, bridges, railway tracks, stairs, ladders, etc.); an inventory of

12 — GRAZ (AT), WINNER — 47NORD15OST > SEE MORE P.83

13 — CHARLEROI (BE), SPECIAL MENTION — MATIÈRE SAVANTE > SEE MORE P.76

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immutable infrastructure in gray (extraction chimney,

COROLARY

cooling silo, etc.); and finally human know-how in

Most of these designs are process-based and could

yellow, recruiting and re-mobilizing a savoir-faire that

also be categorized according to the process strategy

had been abandoned since the closure of metallurgical

they propose. Some are based on participation in

sites (fig. 13, 14).

the design process, others encourage iteration in the

The aim of this colour coding is to underline the qualities

proposed steps, or introduce the idea of graduality in

of the existing elements, creating a valuable context

the implementation in order to transform the narrative,

for a program that the team,

while the more defined architectural designs propound

like a modern Bartleby, would

an open design that may change in time or may easily

prefer not to establish, while

change purpose.

being confident that it would

A conclusion of this observation is that there seems to

spontaneously emerge in such

be a consensus amongst the prize-winning teams that

improved conditions.

in order to introduce a circular economy you need to

The runner-up in Enköping (SE),

think of a process over time, to allow for the necessary

Painting Greyfields, uses the

synergies to emerge, to facilitate the correction of

same tactics for a different strategy, with painting as

possible dead ends, and to provide the most open

a tool for participation in the reimagining of greyfields,

design in order to allow for future re-use.

In order to introduce a circular economy you need to think of a process over time

proposing a version of hands-on city planning that uses paint to think, decide and eventually transform the existing elements into a joyful productive city (fig. 15, 16).

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14 — CHARLEROI (BE), SPECIAL MENTION — MATIÈRE SAVANTE > SEE MORE P.76

15, 16 — ENKÖPING (SE), RUNNER-UP — PAINTING GREYFIELDS > SEE MORE P.80



CHARLEROI (BE) PROJECT SCALE — XL/L – territory / urban + architecture

SITE PROPOSED BY — City of Charleroi /Duferco Wallonie

LOCATION — Charleroi, “Western Gate”

OWNER OF THE SITE — City of Charleroi /Duferco Wallonie

POPULATION — 201,327 inhab.

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Urban planning and architectural

STRATEGIC SITE — 199 ha / PROJECT SITE — 35 ha

study prior to the development

Cellule Charleroi Bouwmeester — 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The reconversion of this place boasts a momentum that could lead to a series of radical changes in the area around Charleroi. Through the choice of a landscaped productive park, the city authorities aim to cut loose from the properties of the existing landscape to bring together new economic investment that is in keeping with the needs of a city seeking to attract new inhabitants. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

It is a challenge not only in terms of an economical reconversion of a heavily contaminated single-function site, but also of its involvement in the surrounding urban fabric. The City of Charleroi is seeking a new pluralist form of productivity that is multi-faceted and integrated, and provides added value in economic, spatial, ecological and cultural terms. Charleroi, which lies at the centre of a vast coal-producing area, has given rise to a landscape made of slagheaps —artificial hills stemming from the unrestrained extraction 74

of resources from the ground, and which are today reserves for biodiversity. These hillocks are the illustration of a production cycle leading to the generation of other cycles. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN COMPETITION?

With this Europan competition, the city is confronted to many variables that, in the short term, cannot be defined along a specific trajectory. This process implies different scales, in which the administration of Wallonia must first and foremost establish a dialogue with the company that owns the site. The area’s Seveso status must also give rise to long-term thinking that could reward the results of the reconversion.


Forging the Fallow

CHARLEROI (BE) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Michaël Stas (BE), Cecilia Furlan (IT),

CONTACT — FALLOW

Benjamin Vanbrabant (BE), Sven Mertens (BE),

21 rue du Poinçon, 1000 Bruxelles (BE)

Architects, urbanists

+32 478221857 / info@fallow.eu / www.fallow.eu

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Charleroi’s territory is widely known

for its industrial mining history and the outdated image of le Pays Noir. Through time, this territory has been constantly claimed and reclaimed, spawning the idea of exploitation, occupation and regeneration. Different waves of transformation resulted into the surreal landscape in which industrial land, urban tissue and green-blue elements are constantly mixed. The condition of Porte Ouest as fallow land, as a land in rest on the verge of a new cycle of transformations, is our starting point to re-imagine the site. The project aims to explore a circular design approach towards new productive futures. Therefore, three main actions are proposed: re-connecting the site, re-generating the land and recirculating productivity. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project answers the questions raised

via an open process: economies and activities, links between the canal and the river, logical and ecological circuits, multiple connections in particular to the Chaussée de Mons. The project develops synergies and different scales incorporating a broader territory. The advantage of this open approach is that it can integrate projects related to water or recycling and re-utilisation of the industrial heritage.

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Carsid sur la Sàmbre

CHARLEROI (BE) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Vania Collazo (ES), Víctor Romero (ES), Architects

CONTACT — 4 Zaragoza St., 36203 Vigo (ES)

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Juan Barón (ES), Student in architecture

+34 617661629 rocoarchitects@gmail.com / www.rocoarchitects.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — “Carsid sur la Sàmbre” is a landscape

proposal of connection and re-use that aims at turning a damaged zone into a new entertaining, didactic and relaxing unit within Charleroi. The project connects citizens through a shared space in the middle of the surrounding neighbourhoods. The past history of the place is not destroyed; instead, the project repurposes it into a self-fixing space. In so, a former industrial spot in a privileged position is turned into a common area that does not break up with the industrial remains, but actually improves them. The project is a tapestry that uses the remains of the existing train trails and takes the existing structures into consideration. With this, the pattern organises communication without forcing and unifies the whole intervention area.

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Matière savante

CHARLEROI (BE) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Leandro Ferreira Soares (FR),

CONTACT — parages

Bertrand Etienne Le Personnic (FR), Yannis Fremont

8 rue Jean Pierre Timbaud, 75011 Paris (FR)

Marinopoulos (FR), Hugo Maffre (FR), Architects

+33 650139912 / www.parages-architectes.eu

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — How to regenerate the industrial past that

is now our heritage? How to find attractiveness on a site without distorting it? How to find a resilient economy? “Matière savante” proposes an iterative process of transformation and remobilization of the industrial heritage and local context through an inventory. A catalogue of four elements: landscape; structure; fluids; and human knowledge. It is about transforming the existing materials through deconstruction and re-use. Instead of freezing intentions, “Matière savante” proposes a method that cannot exist without the local human needs and knowledge. It is rather an iterative contextual method, applicable to other industrial sites with the same issues of enclave and abandonment. A productive process which reveals the historical and knowledgeable material of these sites.



ENKÖPING (SE) PROJECT SCALE — L – urban + architecture

SITE PROPOSED BY — Municipality of Enköping

LOCATION — Myran, Enköping

OWNER OF THE SITE — Municipality of Enköping, private sector

POPULATION — 23,960 inhab.

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Detailed development plans and

STRATEGIC SITE — 155 ha / PROJECT SITE — 71.5 ha

urban studies in collaboration with the municipality

Domagoj Lovas — Acting council architect, Municipality of Enköping 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The main goal is to initiate necessary changes for ­Enköping’s longterm sustainable development and inclusive ­climate ­adaptation. Strategical changes will initially take place on the site’s Southern and Northern end, leaving time and space for the property owners and stakeholders in between to witness and evaluate positive changes that take place, see its effects and then plan for and start private initiatives with similar objectives. A positive chain reaction with everyone’s active involvement. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

The site today as well as tomorrow will host various types of productive activities, which will be determined according to the site’s characteristics, to the demands on the market and in compliance with the development of services that are important for the social/ 78

economical system in general. The possibility for continuous productivity in Enköping in compliance with overall technological, economic and cultural development is a key issue that will be taken into consideration in every stage of the site’s development and transformation. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN COMPETITION?

A development strategy and necessary processes for implementation of Europan are being formulated.


Root City

ENKÖPING (SE) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Dzenis Dzihic (SE),

CONTACT — Timotejgatan 3, 11859 Stockholm (SE)

Staffan Svensson (SE),

+46 707586443

Architects

dzenis.dzihic@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The vision for Myran is a green urban

area that not only stands prepared for the challenges that the future might hold but also takes the lead in the sustainable development of existing and new urban areas. The existing asphalt covered areas and warehouses will be replaced or transformed into spaces that have qualities that allow people to interact with each other and with nature for an interplay that both can benefit from. Ecological, social, healthrelated, economic and historical aspects are all interwoven with each other in the concept of the new productive city —“Root City”. The area will be characterized by smart systems with regard to energy, water and production; high green area factor and large element of greenery; and good opportunities for communication, health and recreation. This transformation and future development are designed to take place in a way that makes it root correctly in Enköping and in the city’s background, culture and history. JURY POINT OF VIEW — “Root City” proposes an urban structure

with a clear central axis and considerable elements of greenery. The important situation of the station acts as a starting point and the proposal bridges the barrier that the railway today poses. Two towers become important landmarks for Enköping and have found their natural places at the site. The proposal relates in a good way to the site’s four different characteristics and challenges; the railway, Salavägen, E18 and the green spaces. “Root City” shows an awareness of the location and proposes brick as a building material in order to connect with history.

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Painting Greyfields 80

ENKÖPING (SE) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Mika Friis (DK), Architect;

CONTACT — Upplandsgatan 9a, 21429 Malmö (SE)

Karin Frykholm (SE), Tara Fartash-Naini (SE), Lisa Fransson (SE),

+46 768103834

Kajsa Henriksson (SE), Students in architecture

karinfrykholm@hotmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — With the productive city as a main theme

for Europan 15, this project seeks to comment and transform the vast grey field lands that are reaching a point of disrepair. It is here, at the edge of the city, that the structure of the city fabric falls apart, leaving an area in shattered islands floating on a sea of asphalt. To prevent the city from crumbling on its edges, we must recreate a structure and sense of connections within these grey fields. JURY POINT OF VIEW — “Painting Greyfields” is a strong

conceptual proposal with an interesting analysis of the site. The proposal describes a process of citizen involvement, ready to start today. These ideas for activities and temporary use are very interesting. The analysis and the conceptual images show clear and educated ideas for the site. The green fingers and the concentration of buildings towards Salavägen is a strong concept and provides good tools for continued development.


Live + Work + Innovate AUTHOR(S) — Tadas Jonauskis (LT), Justina Muliuolyte (LT),

ENKÖPING (SE) — SPECIAL MENTION CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Rūta Vitkutė (LT),

Dziugas Lukosevicius (LT), Architects, urbanists;

Ignas Račkauskas (LT), Architects

Lukas Kulikauskas (LT), Architect

CONTACT — A. Smetonos g. 2 – 306, LT1115 Vilnius (LT)

+370 68818329 / info@pu-pa.eu

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Myran in Enköping is at a turning point

from industrial suburb to a lively and productive city district. It is well connected to the rest of the city and the larger region and can offer a wide range of spaces to materialise your ideas regardless if these are concerning commerce, production, offices, housing, education or leisure activities. While the area is characterised by fine grain urban fabric with small properties, many different actors, private initiatives, human scale pedestrian and bike friendly public spaces, there is still enough space for larger developments, established actors, rougher activities and of course, some space for the unplanned. New as well as existing owners are encouraged to expose productivity in the buildings and inspire creativity in public spaces around them.

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GRAZ (AT) PROJECT SCALE — S – architecture + context

PROJECT SITE — 2 ha

LOCATION — Puchstraße, Graz, Styria

SITE PROPOSED BY — City of Graz & Developer P41

POPULATION — 292,269 inhab.

OWNER OF THE SITE — Developer P41

STRATEGIC SITE — 30 ha

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Architectural implementation

Dipl.Ing. Eva-Maria Benedikt — Head of Urban Development and Zoning Unit, Urban Planning department, City of Graz 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The aim is to develop an attractive and centrally located commercial location. The accessibility by means of soft mobility as well as the location between two watercourses provide excellent conditions for this. In any case, local use is to be intensified, with the aim to reduce sealed surfaces and increase green spaces and mixed use. All in all, the aim is to create an offer for companies in an urban location with excellent connections and an attractive environment, but also to improve the infrastructure for the adjacent residential district and for the leisure area along the river Mur. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

Graz is a growing city with no outward growth in terms of area. An important factor here is to keep and to value attractive commercial space, because a growing population will also require growing jobs. 82

The present area is part of a continuous commercial and industrial belt along the river Mur. An enormous quality can be found here both in terms of possible emissions —as no disturbances are to be expected— and in terms of accessibility, due to its location on one of the city’s most important cycle routes. The central goal of Graz’s urban development is to implement the idea of a city of short distances, which requires productivity even in central areas and a good network of different uses. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN COMPETITION?

The architectural implementation will be done by the owner. No further sovereign planning is required at the present location. In continuation of the cooperation between the location partners, the City of Graz will provide support during the planning phase. The strategic objectives will be further processed on different levels. Individual measures, such as the improvement of passages and the networking of the same, will be incorporated into sovereign planning.


47Nord15Ost

GRAZ (AT) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Luigi Costamagna (IT), Celia Cardona Cava (ES), Architects

CONTACT — winwinoffice

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Alessandro Talò (IT), Paula Camila Godoy (CO), Architects;

Corso Buenos Aires 66, 20124 Milano (IT)

Lorenzo Giampietro (IT), 3D Artist; Gabriele Cagini (IT), Economist

winwinoffice.eu@gmail.com www.winwinoffice.eu

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Freeing up soil through the densification of

factories. Make this density increase efficiently through the creation of synergies between already established companies and those to come, going towards a circular economy model. “Layout the field” with punctual actions; making the freed surface accessible, attractive, and safe to the public, in order to attract citizens who can experience the 3’R culture, to make them participate together, with all the characters who are working for the development of the city. To do this, give simple, open, and adaptive rules, that can bend to the needs of stakeholders; “resilient” rules that can actively respond to any economic, social, political, and climate variation. With the aim of re-generating a piece of the city, creating identity to introduce a shared, mature, and democratic way of life. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The jury unanimously values the

ideological statement of the project and its consequent elaboration. Densifying is a sustainable option, because it allows land to be kept free. The flexibility of the proposal and the productivity in the third dimension are deemed as the main assets of this project. It offers possibilities for diverse productive forms with a real mix of functions and various modes of production throughout the building. With its hard and soft components this project proposes guidelines for future developments on a strategic level.

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Of Cycles and Streams 84

GRAZ (AT) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Eva Mair (AT), Johannes Paar (AT), Architects

CONTACT — Mair-Paar Office for Architecture

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Sophia Garner (AT), Giorgi Kharitonashvili

Gaussplatz 4, A-1200 Wien (AT)

(GE), Students in architecture; Elisabeth Weber (AT), Architect

+43 69918288675 / office@mair-paar.eu / www.mair-paar.eu

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — A productive city is a city of flows.

Flows of resources, materials, goods, people, labour, knowledge, water, energy, wind, etc. communicate and influence each other. MÜHLGANG HUB acts as a connecting point amongst Graz’ productive flows, enhancing the mill stream’s potentials as a productive vein. The new centre becomes a space, where ideas, materials, food and energy are created, disassembled, repaired, recycled, processed, stored, sold, communicated and fed into cycles. The existing hall is transformed into a public inner courtyard. It is a meeting point, a market place, a workshop, a storage space, a passage, a delivery zone and a gallery. While the daily business is bustling, various production cycles are running in the flat base structure and micro-businesses are working in the towers above. MÜHLGANG HUB becomes a dynamic centre in a city of flows. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The jury highly appreciates the internal

square and the intelligent adaption of the existing building, thereby creating a new typology of space in the productive landscape. The semi-covered plaza allows productive uses to be combined with public activities and in that, offers a spatial potential hardly found in the city: an open, in-between space without a label, able to evolve and suitable for the area. The strength of the project is clearly its proposal of a new typology of public space in an industrial area and the sensible approach of reusing and redeveloping the existing building.


Island (e)Scape AUTHOR(S) — Marcello Galiotto (IT), Alessandra Rampazzo (IT), Susanna Aina Elisabeth Lindvall (SE), Luca Negrini (IT), Architects CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Yasmine Houari (BE), Architect; Francesco Baggio (IT), Francesco Cauda (IT), Carlotta Floreano (IT), Students in architecture

GRAZ (AT) — SPECIAL MENTION CONTACT — San Marco 2504, 30124 Venezia (IT) +39 415282954 partners@amaa.studio www.amaa.studio

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The idea is to re-activate the site offering

quality public spaces for the residential neighbourhoods in the surroundings. This means transforming the entire island into multiple smaller islands. The spaces in-between will then increase the permeability and overcome both social and economic boundaries that have set physical barriers between human beings until today. We are talking about twelve islands —10 porous and 2 more private / inaccessible. The porous islands will be slightly transformed, aiming an increased usage comfort. After the main Research Centre, other small buildings and constructions will keep pushing the site re-activation process: the main focus is on social and functional terms, leaving aside the aesthetic component.

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KARLOVAC (HR) PROJECT SCALE — L – urban + architecture

SITE PROPOSED BY — City of Karlovac (municipality)

LOCATION — Karlovac

OWNER OF THE SITE — City of Karlovac,

POPULATION — 55,705 inhab.

State and private owners

STRATEGIC SITE — 500 ha / PROJECT SITE — 25 ha

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Urban development plan

Damir Mandić — Mayor of Karlovac 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

After the City of Karlovac became the owner of part of the former barracks, the conditions were reached to start the process of planning and development of the area. The spatial potential of this neglected and inappropriately used space has been waiting for years to be recognized and exploited. Now the urban transformation can finally begin with the hope that we have it ready for new investments and new projects that will benefit the entire city. This site has the potential to become a space of coexistence of housing, public functions and advanced forms of productivity based on new knowledge, technologies, research and innovation, which will enhance the quality of life in the city and fit into our vision of a comfortable living city. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

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The topic of productivity and the possibility to keep some forms of production within mixed-use urban areas, such as the former Luscic barracks, successfully complemented one of the strategic projects of the City of Karlovac on this location, i.e. exploration and use of geothermal energy from geothermal sources in the immediate vicinity of the city with expected significant energy capacities. Productivity in town can and should be multi-layered, from production within the concept of sustainable energy to multifunctional buildings, small individual self-sustaining systems that offer simple manufacturing and service uses needed in everyday life, while being compatible with basic purpose housing. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN COMPETITION?

The Europan 15 competition resulted in a vision of the development of space that should be incorporated into spatial plans. The intention of the City of Karlovac, in cooperation with Europan and the awardwinning team, is to explore the possibilities of applying and adapting the awarded entry to the desired dynamics of redevelopment of the former barracks. In the first phase, the plan is to initiate the process of developing an urban development plan that would implement all the successful elements of the winning entry. This initiates the process of transforming the space, creating a framework for new programs and design proposals. As the transformation process of this space is not only a physical transformation, but also an economic, sociological and demographic one, we want to implement it with the active participation of the public. This is the only way to ensure the successful implementation of the process.


The Fantastic Forest Phenomenon

KARLOVAC (HR) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Krešimir Renić (HR), Hana Dašić (HR),

CONTACT — kresimir@onda-arhitektura.hr

Iva Erić (HR), Jana Horvat (HR), Ria Tursan (HR), Architects

hana.dasic@gmail.com / iva.eric@gmail.com /

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Andrea Majić (HR), Architect

jana.dora.horvat@gmail.com / ria.tursan@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Cities like Karlovac need new narratives,

good stories that have the power to attract everything they are missing: people, money and excitement. Due to a very convenient geological position, Karlovac has the potential to become a leading regional energy centre. The role of Luščić, a new research hub in the city, is to explore this possibility for new productivity, as well as similar ones, in and around the city. New strategies are developed, introducing a network of new flows through the city. The neighbourhood itself is designed to function as an independent ecosystem of a peculiar, forest-like environment, a hybrid urban and natural habitat that serves as an exciting arena for experiment and imagination. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project seeks to highlight the fact that

the ambience of the former barracks, in the image and perception of Karlovac, is actually an infrastructure-equipped “forest” ideal for recreational use with minimal interventions in terms of reconstruction of existing facilities and future construction that should be of mixed character. The project makes a convincing and fairly detailed case for a renewed role of architecture to propose concrete and grounded screenplay for urban development. It relies on the topics of contemporary architectural discourse as a platform for a new beginning.

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Open City 88

KARLOVAC (HR) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Jürgen Höfler (AT), Urbanist

CONTACT — Strausberger Platz, 10243 Berlin (DE)

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Julia Legezynska (PL), Artist

+49 17698508043 juergen.hoefler@gmx.at

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The location is a central component of the

long-term urban development in Karlovac. But still, we don’t know the future, the concrete requirements and the socio-demographic development well enough yet! “Open City” designs a process that articulates and synchronizes different interests. The spatial framework plan leaves many options open for future developments, defines a robust framework and is designed exemplarily in 2 scenarios. As a mixed-use neighbourhood, “Open City” becomes productive through a mix at the levels of the neighbourhood and of the block, as well as building integrative solutions. In addition to the structural-functional mix, the socio-spatial, participatory production of urban space is placed at the centre of urban development. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The proposal brings about a

very structured and systematic vision for the new Luščić neighbourhood, proposing on one hand meticulously planned and well balanced community while at the same time avoiding a need for architecture to impose itself as a main goal and purpose of city-making. The project gives a method rather than the final solution, an open matrix of parameters for the community to fill in.



LATERZA (IT) PROJECT SCALE — L – urban + architecture

SITE PROPOSED BY — City of Laterza

LOCATION — Laterza, Puglia

OWNER OF THE SITE — City of Laterza

POPULATION — 15,171 inhab.

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Workshop on the site with the

STRATEGIC SITE — 7 ha / PROJECT SITE — 3 ha

rewarded teams

Gianfranco Lopane — Mayor of the City of Laterza 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The system of the three squares, which used to be the main places of social sharing, has lost its role over the years, depriving the city of a strongly identity space. Thanks to the Europan competition, we wanted to open the reflections on these spaces that, due to their morphological characteristics, are also at the centre of the problem of mobility, the lack of relationship with the natural landscape and the problem of water management. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

In recent years Laterza has been discovering the real touristic, cultural and naturalistic vocation of the area, which represents a new important productive resource. Thinking about the squares as connecting elements of these resources is necessary for the city, which must adapt to new ways of life, to new systems of mobility and space sharing. Private and public resources must be 90

systematized and urban and territorial marketing actions must also be implemented with new accommodation functions for the territorial tourism system. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN COMPETITION?

Laterza wished to host the National Results Forum, with the award ceremony for young designers, the national exhibition of the Laterza and Verbania projects, and two intense days of workshops with the award-winning designers so as to involve the city in the experience of Europan and in the European debate. The theme of squares is a public theme dear to citizens and their active participation is important. From the workshop results, Europan Italia has drawn up a dossier illustrating the process, from the competition to the map of possible interventions on the system of the squares, which will represent a sort of manifesto to be also used for requests for public and private funding. We hope that this methodology can have effects on the territorial scale and represent, for the other cities as well, a guide for their regeneration and enhancement.


O’ Sciuvilo

LATERZA (IT) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — L. Petroni (IT), Urbanist; M. Pone (IT),

CONTACT — Archibloom

F. Scillieri (IT), Architects; M. Erbani (IT), Landscaper;

Via Niccolo Paganini 21, 00198 Roma (IT)

E. Fabbri (IT), F. Melissano (IT), Restoration architects

info@archibloom.com / www.archibloom.com

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — A. Pone (IT), M. Di Nardo (IT), Economists

www.andrenfogelstrom.se

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The aim of the project is to join the

historical centre and the commercial street of via Roma through a continuous, productive and recognizable path. A new pedestrian axis that crosses the city and intercepts all the elements that make up the rich, yet frequently unexpressed heritage of Laterza, transforming it into something immediately productive and reactivating its potential. The project goal is pursued using the natural element of water: its collection, flow and management, to which we can apply rules of circular economy, can give shape and enhance the public space. This recalls the millenary tradition of the surrounding territory in which towns were structured as “hydraulic machines”, designed to manage, collect, conserve and dispose of water for different uses. JURY POINT OF VIEW — Water as a resource becomes the theme

of the project and the guiding motif of all the choices and, in a very coherent and well-done way, is also the element that characterizes the space of the square with a series of cracks that mark and draw it in a strong manner without resorting to volumes. The project works on the soil in a unitary way. It offers in an original, interesting and courageous way, the choice of using the Gravina also through the lookout made on the roof of the tall building.

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LA3: a Productive Square 92

LATERZA (IT) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Andrea Babolin (IT),

CONTACT — Via Saletto 20, 35020 Due Carrare (PD), (IT)

Francesco Bortolato (IT), Giada Thuong Campigotto (IT),

+39 3203344440

Fabiana Cortolezzis (IT), Architects

babolin.andrea@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The proposal acts on public spaces

and policies. In a historical and dense urban context, our strategy aims to set up opportunities for citizens, enterprises and tourists. The project installs a pedestrian area that acts as a symbol for the whole town: a square that interacts with a green corridor, underlining the transition between streets and pedestrian areas. The fragmentation of the existing square is redefined by adding a simple volume: above the roof, an open-air theatre appears, while the covered area is designed to host a showroom for the Maiolica art, spaces for temporary exhibitions and dedicated workshops. The square is a flexible space to live and enjoy; it is connected to daily life and special occasions defining new urban rhythms. A space in Laterza that focuses on the values of our identity: people, good food, priceless culture and protected environment. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project works strongly on soil

modelling with the idea of realizing a space / auditorium facing the square and creating an underground space that could be well used for various activities. Re-instate the central space by doubling it. It is one of the few projects that productively develop any unused spaces, such as the ground floors, but also housing for a widespread tourist reception, demonstrating that the proposal is well designed and very clear.


Up-CyclinGravina

LATERZA (IT) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Caterina Rigo (IT), Architect;

CONTACT — Via Monte Rosa 19, 63074 San Benedetto

Martina Campanelli (IT), Claudia Massioni (IT),

del Tronto (AP), (IT)

Benedetta Staccioli (IT), Nicolò Agostinelli (IT),

+39 3498430490

Leonardo Binni (IT), Students in architecture

upcycling.europan@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — We think the city as the hearth of a

civilization. We think Laterza and its people need a new space to identify with. We recognize Laterza potentialities in its tradition and culture. We believe in the rebirth of local production. We conceive Laterza as a point of touristic and natural attraction. We see underused resources that have to be requalified. We plan a new unique, dynamic and accessible square. We want the city to reappropriate the natural system around itself. We plan a new connection between the gravina and the old town. We draw a sustainable and eco-friendly system of streets without traffic. We believe that the city has to be reconnected to the regional network of cities based on natural and landscape tourism. We want a clear, safe and respectful city. We believe that the minimal intervention is the best solution.

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PORT-JÉRÔME-SUR-SEINE (FR) PROJECT SCALE — XL/S – territory / architecture + context

SITE PROPOSED BY — City of Port-Jérôme-sur-Seine

LOCATION — Port-Jérôme-sur-Seine – Notre Dame

OWNER OF THE SITE — City of Port-Jérôme-sur-Seine (90%),

de Gravenchon

department, private owners

POPULATION — 10,000 inhab.

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Urban development guidelines,

STRATEGIC SITE — 73 ha / PROJECT SITE — 7.5 ha

conceptual diagram, specific architectural elements

City of Port-Jérôme-sur-Seine — 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The stated objectives of the city of Port-Jérôme-sur-Seine are: — Reconciling inhabitants with industry, and making them proud of their city; — Changing the image of the city, inviting the inhabitants to immerse themselves and live in this territory; — And making the entrance to the city a signal, a standard for the quality of the living environment, a display of excellence, a showcase of a good living. These objectives must answer two questions: — How to build the city in a global and transformable concept? — How to harmoniously integrate all these multifunctionalities, this diversity, and these mutations? 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

Our city needs creativity, daring and innovation. We are looking 94

for urban concepts offering new ways of life and allowing the construction of the city of tomorrow, with the hope that the inhabitants can flourish, learn, work, exchange, produce in the same place without sectorization. The theme of productivity must be approached from the angle of energy transition, in particular through virtuous housing and the creation of an H2V campus. The functionality of the plant and the landscape must also contribute to the fertile and productive city. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN COMPETITION?

There is no specific process defined; the urban development project remains open, and we expect from the winner, as well as from the two teams selected in the final phase, the emergence of a more operational project that echoes the concerns and challenges of the territory.


Boîtes à secrets

PORT-JÉRÔME-SUR-SEINE (FR) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Clément Bertin (FR), Sara Impera (IT),

CONTACT — Caracalla + Sara Impera Architectes

Martin Kermel (FR), Architects

clementbertin@caracallaarchitectes.com

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Nicolas Durand (FR), Graphic designer

www.caracalla-architectes.com sara.impera@gmail.com / www.saraimpera.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The agglomeration of Port-Jérôme-sur-

Seine is characterized by its productive function. It is an invisible urban enclave in a landscape divided between rurality and industry, which still loses inhabitants in favour of dense urban environments. The core of the question then becomes the search for new forms of attractivities for the territory, but also a form of local economy that can stably retain an active and dynamic population. In the context of a conversion of heavy industry towards the low-carbon green industry, a global rebalancing between the different forms of productivity of the territory is therefore at the basis of the process of revitalizing Port-Jérôme-sur-Seine. To answer this problem, the overall vision of the project is focused on the massive introduction of plants as environmental and economic capital at different scales and in different forms. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project resolutely tackles the problem

of the city entrance and the interface between the city and the petrochemical site by establishing a multimodal hub covered by a hall where circulation and the city’s various programmes (city of energy, co-working spaces, etc.) intersect. A massive introduction of vegetation defines the new diverse neighbourhood resulting in an inhabited forest landscape.

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La ville école 96

PORT-JÉRÔME-SUR-SEINE (FR) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Ugo Nataloni (FR), Ulysse Panel (FR), Architects;

CONTACT — u2 architectures

Malaury Forget (FR), Urban and architecture theorist;

64 ter, Quai Joseph Gillet, 69004 Lyon (FR)

Raphaël Prost (FR), Architect, urbanist

+33 633918385 contact@u2architectures.com / www.u2architectures.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — “If one year for a human being is seven

years for a dog, I propose to consider that ten years for a human being is one year for a city.” (L. Kruger, 2007) Port-Jérôme-sur-Seine is therefore a nine-year-old child. The city took the form we know today, with the arrival of the oil industry, in the 1930s. The necessary mutation in the industry and its consequences on the land require Port-Jérôme-sur-Seine to demonstrate resilience, a quality that will enable it to resist the crisis and adapt to the changes that will follow. Port-Jérôme-sur-Seine has the plasticity and potential to adapt. Our proposal is to offer it a playground, allowing it to become a laboratory of the resilient city. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The team proposes using landscaping

strategies at various scales and over the long term to transition from the industrial site to an Innovation Park. The project places centres of excellence on the city-petrochemical site interface, designing a new residential neighbourhood with ground-floor workspaces. The entirety of the site is planned as a “laboratory of resilience”, a site of architectural and urban planning experiments, giving voice to transitions taking place in various fields: agriculture, mobility, biochemistry, energy, etc.


Reveal the City: the Telhu’Halle

PORT-JÉRÔME-SUR-SEINE (FR) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Julie Heathcote-Smith (FR), Florence Vita (FR),

CONTACT — Collectif TZ

Julien Oblette (FR), Kevin Viel (FR), Architects;

81 avenue de la République, 93300 Aubervilliers (FR)

Caroline Lluch (FR), Architect, urbanist

+33 644873737 / viel.archi@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The town of Port-Jérôme-sur-Seine is

intrinsically linked to the industrial economy. The proximity of the refineries creates a limit between both territories; our approach aims to reveal the town hidden behind. By focusing on four production cycles —innovation, hospitality, attractiveness and participation— that link programs, uses and spaces, the image of the town can be revitalised. The project strategy is to create a new centrality around a clear public space, mixing new and existing programs. In response to the challenges of climate change and with regards to the energetic transition, a sustainable design process is put into place inspired by the idea of a local and circular economy.

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ROCHEFORT OCÉAN (FR) PROJECT SCALE — XL/L – territory / urban + architecture

SITE PROPOSED BY — Rochefort Océan inter-communal area,

LOCATION — The strategic site concerns three municipalities

the city of Rochefort, Syndicat Mixte du Port de Commerce (joint

(Rochefort-sur-Mer, Echillais, Saint Hyppolyte), project sites are in

public venture), STELIA Aerospace

one municipality

OWNER OF THE SITE — Rochefort Océan inter-communal area,

POPULATION — Rochefort 25,000 inhab.,

the city of Rochefort, Syndicat Mixte du Port de Commerce (joint

the 3 communities 30,000 inhab.

public venture), STELIA Aerospace and the government

STRATEGIC SITE — 940 ha

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Landscape analysis of the study

PROJECT SITE — 4 sites from 10 to 40 ha

site; urban analyses and development programmes for the project sites.

Jean Richer — Architecte des Bâtiments de France 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

“Rive active” questions a vast space in the heart of the town of Rochefort and on the banks of the Charente river, which corresponds to the historic enterprise of the old maritime arsenal. Initially, the study site articulated the commercial harbour, the historic district of Petit Parc, the ZAC of the arsenal and the horticultural area. Today, the projects submitted to the Europan 15 competition encourage us to widen the scope of intervention to the scale of the Charente estuary to join the one of the Operations Grands Sites area. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

“Rive active“ presents two singularities with regard to the theme of 98

Productive cities: on the one hand, the main problem is to allow the extension of productive activity in a constrained urban space, subject to marine submersion and close to a fragile natural environment. On the other hand, it raises the question of the dialogue between largely industrial economic activities and an exceptional architectural and natural heritage. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN COMPETITION?

On a strategic level, participation in Europan is an opportunity for the actors involved (Rochefort Océan Agglomeration, City of Rochefort, STELIA Aerospace, Mixed Syndicate of the Rochefort / Tonnay-Charente Commercial Port) to collectively reflect on the development of their sites, and to find areas of collaboration and synergies between the sites. The challenge is also to plan a longterm perspective, in particular to imagine concrete solutions to the risk of submersion.


THE HARBOR Affirm the economic vocation of the port in contact with the city and the railways

THE LITTLE PARK Activate an attractive cultural place at the crossboards of flows

STELIA Organize the interpenetration of the city’s indudtry and nature

THE MEANDER Depolify, renature and produce in the floodable loop of charente

THE OTHER BANK Crossing the river and multiplying leisure activities

L’escargot, la méduse et le bégonia

THE MARSHES Restore hydraulic and cycling continuity between town and marshes

ROCHEFORT OCÉAN (FR) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Clara Loukkal (FR), Landscaper;

CONTACT — Altitude 35

Benoît Barnoud (FR), Architect

28 rue du canal, 93200 Saint-Denis (FR)

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Lucie Goumain (FR),

+ 33 624263692

Student in architecture

contact@altitude35.com / www.altitude35.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The last report of the American Academy

of Sciences, released in May 2019, call out to public opinion concerning dramatics repercussions of a warming rate above 2°c. More pessimistic than the IPCC’s conclusions of 2014, it expresses the hypothesis of a warming upper from 5°c leading a sea-level rise of more than two meters by 2100. Dryness, heatwave, lower river flows, an increase of green alga… —current events require us to carefully consider the conclusions of scientific researches. The project bases itself on the corpus of natural sciences to outline a methodology of action and answer the new climatic and ecologic situation. Pliny the Elder in his “Natural History” —updated by Buffon eighteen centuries later— delivers a valuable analysis framework in term of contemporary issues. JURY POINT OF VIEW — Starting with a cartographic image of

the larger Charente estuary, the team investigates the relation between man, the environment (land, marine, and vegetation), natural phenomena (tides) and possible energy applications. At study-site scale, the project works with water and coordinates a decline in urbanisation. In existing and newly created natural and agricultural areas, environmentally friendly transportation routes are used to develop agro‐tourism. In the Arsenal sector, the reorganisation of public spaces at the old gates allowing better access to the historic city.

99


Let the River In! 100

ROCHEFORT OCÉAN (FR) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Lorenzo Alaimo (FR), Architect;

CONTACT — 34 rue de Cîteaux, 75012 Paris (FR)

Audrey Fourquet (FR), Urbanist

+33 766011315 contact@len01.fr / www.len01.fr

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — How to make activities work with the

surrounding environment and make them shine within the territory? How to bring the river in the city? Whether through the use of the river in the city system or through the acceptance of the risk, “Let the River In” proposes to reintroduce water into the city through its economic, social and environmental value. The project therefore includes and develops the place and conditions for a new “Symbiotic Economy” while strengthening the existing economies and vocations. Within a macro-system, we have put all the sites and resources in synergy, thinking of their use, their valorisation and their return to the city. In this way, each player and element of the production chain interacts with one another, helping to highlight the mutual benefits generated. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The team identifies regional transport and

production sectors. The Charente is a central element of the project, vector of a “symbiotic economy”, transporting materials produced, transformed and consumed locally. At site scale, the project fields resilient development proposals for the built environment (use of pilotis, waterproofing and drainage in building), embankment development (naturalization, pontoons) and public spaces (soil permeability, drainage canals, flood management).


Be Kind, Rewild

ROCHEFORT OCÉAN (FR) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Olivier Dollfus (FR),

CONTACT — La nourrice – atelier d’architecture

Fabien Brissaud (FR), Architects

57 rue Saint Michel, 69007 Lyon (FR)

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Aurélien Ferry (FR), Architect

+33 603155922 / olivier.dollfus@lanourrice.fr

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The important future evolution of the

coastline determines the way of thinking in the city. The tools put in place by the public authorities are part of several temporalities in order to adapt the city to its coastal condition. Our proposal intends to be the beginning of a process and the catalyst for local energy and actors to create a new momentum for the city of Rochefort. We believe that the possible answers are less focused on the operational resolution than on the implementation of the conditions of resilience of the riparian territory. We propose three logics of structuring the territory of Rochefort: the ephemeral; the mutable; and the structuring to be applied to urban forms, to architecture, to landscape, to constructive modes, to mobility…

101


WARSZAWA (PL) PROJECT SCALE — XL/L – territory / urban + architecture

SITE PROPOSED BY — City of Warszawa

LOCATION — Warszawa, Bielany District

OWNER OF THE SITE — State Treasury, private owners

POPULATION — 1,804,000 inhab.

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Land-use study, local land

STRATEGIC SITE — 648 ha / PROJECT SITE — 115 ha

development plan

1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The project area is situated in the North-western part of Warsaw, in Bielany District, in the vicinity of a large interchange junction in Młociny, consisting of a metro terminus, a bus and tram loop, and a multi-storey Park & Ride facility. The project area covers a part of the former Warsaw Steel Plant area. Over more than half a century of its operations, and due to introducing changes to the production technology, the plant gradually reduced its functioning area, leaving a large share of the site unused and demolishing subsequent industrial structures. The challenge is to create spatial conditions for maintaining and extending a multi-functional ecosystem, based on industrial production, the existing and potential synergies, human and material resources, including the recovered brownfields. This can create an opportunity to transform this enclosed area into a multi-functional, open and accessible district integrated with the urban fabric and, more importantly, with the social environment 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

102

The Warsaw Steel Plant (Huta Warszawa), opened in 1957, was, at the time, located on the outskirts of the city, similarly to other industrial facilities. Due to the on going spatial development of Warsaw and the increased accessibility (the bridge, metro services), the steel plant area has become part of the urban fabric. The areas surrounding the steel plant serve various functions and are diverse in terms of scale. In addition to the industrial, storage and commercial areas (including small-scale crafts), there are forests and parks, a cemetery, large housing estates and a shopping centre. Although owners of the plant changed several times and the facility was subject to restructuring proceedings, it maintained production continuity, and is currently a prosperous company. The plant area reserves provide an opportunity to incorporate its production function into the urban space.


Feedback Placemaking

WARSZAWA (PL) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Ada Jaskowiec (PL),

CONTACT — De Genestetstraat 13, 2612RL Delft (NL)

Michal Strupinski (PL),

+48 664703911

Architects, urbanists

ada.jaskowiec@gmail.com / strupinski.m@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — As Huta has a strategic meaning for the

whole Warszawa, we extended the design scope to 4 scales: city, district, strategic and project. In a productive city each decision must be made with concern about how it is going to propel further developments. It is a mediation between the city, local stakeholders and tenants. Resilient design requires shuffling between the scales and parties involved. The biggest challenge is how to find balance between temporary and permanent solutions. We propose to develop the temporary site as an urban experiment (slow urbanism) to explore the possibilities of the plot. After a trial period, it can be either redeveloped or reincorporated into Huta’s premises. But this time we have a vast database and a well-established neighbourhood to fit in. JURY POINT OF VIEW — This project clearly provides the best

answer to the multi-layered and complicated task of the site. The authors have proposed a rich toolbox of solutions that responds to the conditions of the site in a suitable way. Deeply thought-through development processes have been provided for this site. The project identifies the participants in the process and also proposes interfaces between them. The project allows for experimentation and change, and does not prejudge any functions or relationships a priori.

103


NEWneighbourHUT 104

WARSZAWA (PL) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Stanisław Tomaszewski (PL),

CONTACT — +48 884940828 / stanistomasz@gmail.com

Edyta Nieciecka (PL), Architects;

+48 533549109 / eda.nieciecka@gmail.com

Michał NiemyjskI (PL), 3D designer

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The project “NEWneighbourHUT” aims to

show that urban and industrial areas can still exist in symbiosis and complement each other. Moreover, the project aims to emphasize that areas such as Huta Warszawska may become a perfect place for the implementation of infrastructure investments needed from the economic point of view —an intermodal port. The project also refers to many important ideas —circular economy, urban farming, container buildings— which, after being implemented on the steelworks, may become ambassadors and promoters of these assumptions. According to the authors, even a partial implementation of assumptions of this project will certainly make Warszawa a better place to live and will allow to solve the urgent housing needs and reduce the progressive climate change. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project proposes a clear spatial

structure as well as the possible relations between the consisting parts of it. The general principles of the project such as providing the zone of buffer functions and creating the system of neighbourhoods composed into the grid of the green belts are very convincing. The proposals concerning the use of the railway sidings, the intermodal hub, and the tramway loop seem to be very proper.

GREEN AREAS AND CONNECTIONS

MAIN COMMUNICATION AND PLANNED STATIONS

MAIN PEDESTRIANS’ CONNECTION


Volcano

WARSZAWA (PL) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Michał Purski (PL), Architect, urbanist

CONTACT — Ul. Szwoleżerów 23, 25-152 Kielce (PL)

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Inez Wawszczyk (PL),

+48 661616722

Student in architecture

michal.purski@gmail.com / www.atelier-purski.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The area of Foundry seems to be an

inconvenient neighbourhood. Thereby good communication is the value, providing the immense potential of future development. Our project is based on three core values. First, the grid, which includes three major axis: the municipal axis, as an extension of Kasprowicz street into Campinos National Park; the private axis, a connection between Bruhl Palace and Łosiowe Błota Nature Reserve; and the green axis, connecting ecological corridors. Second, a closed circuit, the purpose of which is to become an independent unit, ranging from energy self-sufficiency to entertainment and leisure. And third, the layers, mixing as many functions possible into one so as to provide escalation of efficiency of every parcel and to raise the appeal of the site.

105


2/ CREA PROXIM 106

In the physical space of the city, but also at temporal and actors’ scales, it is about establishing proximities between living and working both within residential areas and between residential areas and monofunctional production zones. It is also about rethinking the transition between high-speed metropolitan mobility and the low speed of neighbourhoods.


ATING MITIES 107

2/A Third spaces in-between A third space is a new space inserted between housing and production areas that can catalyse the transformation of current production cycles by creating synergies with urban territories and everyday life. It can be located in residual spaces within neighbourhoods, between existing monofunctional zones or emerge from recycled urban fabric. ANALYSIS ARTICLE: Third Space as Transitional Agent

108

Socrates Stratis (CY) — PhD in Architecture, urbanist and associate professor

Hyvinkää (FI)

114 Rødberg (NO)

130

La Louvière (BE)

118 Rotterdam Kop Dakpark (NL)

134

Lasarte-Oria (ES)

120 Sant Climent de Llobregat (ES)

138

Madrid – La Arboleda (ES)

126 Villach (AT)

142


Third Space as Transitional Agent Analysis article by Socrates Stratis (CY) — PhD in Architecture, urbanist; Associate Professor, Dpt. of Architecture, Univ. of Cyprus. Co-founder of AA & U www.aaplusu.com; www.socratestratis.com

108

OVERCOMING CRISIS

politics happen. And if they diminish, the contemporary

How far do the products you consume travel in order to

society needs to support them because they can

reach your nearest drugstore or supermarket? How far

confront regressive politics of division by transforming

do you need to travel to work, and with which means

impenetrable limits to porous edges, encouraging,

of mobility? Two questions that don’t come to our

therefore, urban exchanges (Sennett, R., “Edges: Self

mind very often. However, when a crisis occurs, they

and the City”, in Mohsen Mostafavi, ed. “Ethics of the

re-emerge persistently. The coronavirus COVID 19 has

Urban: the city and the spaces of the political”, Lars

made visible the trajectories of people and goods in

Muller Publishers, Germany, 2017, pp.261-268).

the laissez-faire globalized economy. “Where to land,

It is not surprising how much the Europan 15 theme of

how to orient ourselves in politics?”, is Bruno Latour’s

‘Productive Cities’ has become utterly topical and at

question having realized that the “ground” the humanity

the same time challenging. Topical, since the Europan

stands on is not stable or even non-existent anymore

actors are discussing how the transformation of

due to the devastating ramifications of climate change

peoples’ milieu can reformulate the relation between

(Latour, B., “Où atterir, comment s’orienter en politique”,

co-living and co-producing. To shorten, in other words,

editions La Decouverte, France, 2017). Latour seeks for

the production trajectories, to make them sustainable,

an answer away from the modernists’ approach that

to invent new ones. Challenging, because, the Europan

takes for granted planet Earth considering its resources

actors are discussing urban design projects that are

inexhaustible. Moreover, he denounces the nationalist

by default limited in size and fragmented when the

way of reacting with a populist regressive manner to

coronavirus COVID 19 reminds us how interconnected

the global economic and environmental crises. Richard

humanity is within the actual problematic global

Sennett gives an additional answer, as regards to

economic context.

where to land ourselves: at the places where everyday

1 — SANT CLIMENT DE LLOBREGAT (ES) > SEE MORE P.138

3 — LASARTE-ORIA (ES) > SEE MORE P.120

2 — RØDBERG (NO) > SEE MORE P.130

4 — LA LOUVIÈRE (BE) > SEE MORE P.118


5 — HYVINKÄÄ (FI) > SEE MORE P.114

6 — VILLACH (AT) > SEE MORE P.142

7 — ROTTERDAM KOP DAKPARK (NL) > SEE MORE P.134

8 — MADRID – LA ARBOLEDA (ES) > SEE MORE P.126

THREE TRANSITIONAL CONDITIONS

the new proximities between living and co-producing.

TO ASSOCIATE THE CITY WITH ITS TERRITORIES

This kind of place will operate pivotally by diffusing

According to Alain Maugard (Europan France president,

change to the rest of the urban environment and

Forum of Cities and Juries, Innsbruck, October 2019),

countryside.

the potential role of the Europan 15 project vis-à-vis

I argue that “third space”, introduced in the Europan 15

the productive cities, lies in the establishment of the

subtheme, “creating proximities through third spaces”,

territorial economy to counter the laissez-faire global

embodies the three aforementioned conditions and can

one. The Europan 15 project can associate the city with

be an agent for a transition. I will examine some of the

its territories. To do so, we need to consider the Euro-

winning Europan 15 projects to identify the potentials

pan 15 project as a transitional device that allows us to

but also the challenges of third spaces as transitional

attach to soil on the one

agents. More precisely, how they may contribute to

hand and to globalize

transforming countryside communities and urban

on the other, according

neighbourhoods into open and inclusive places thanks

to ­Latour (Latour, 2017:

to new relationships between living and co-producing.

22). How to re-invent in

The notion of third space takes us to the Lefebvrian

other words, the way

definition of the term as well as to another similar

people live and produce

concept, that of third places (tiers lieux). According

together by shaping in-

to Edward Soja who based his work on Lefebvre,

clusive communities

the notion of third space is on purpose a tentative

and open neighbour-

and flexible term that attempts to capture milieus

hoods?

that are constantly changing and shifting (Soja, E.

To tackle the afore­

“Third Space”, Blackwell Publishing, USA, 1996). On

mentioned questions, we need to understand how

another take, the notion of third place (tiers lieu) refers

the transition can take place through urban projects.

to spaces that are neither about living or working and

It cannot be established at once by one-off physical

they informally promote social interaction. The café,

projects. On the contrary, it happens gradually, in an

the public library, the park are some examples among

incremental non-linear way with carefully-designed

many others. This rather simple definition will help

processes. Transition needs urban manifestation in a

us to demonstrate the spatial dimension of everyday

physical, programmatic and actorial sense. Transition

processes that change our actual relations between

needs firstly to be associated with a strategic territorial

co-producing and living.

figure bound by trans-scalar processes that will work

I will briefly discuss two groups of E15 sites with their

as a common reference for the citizens as well as a

reciprocal winning projects. The first one is about the

catalyst for transformation. Secondly, transition requires

countryside or periurban communities: Sant Climent

new synergies and protocols between actors that are

de Llobregat (ES), Rødberg (NO), Lasarte-Oria (ES)

responsible for different kinds of nested scales of

and La Louvière (BE) (fig.1 to 4). The second one is

fragmented territories which do not usually collaborate

about potential urban neighbourhoods and centralities:

(European, national, city, countryside, neighbourhood,

Hyvinkää (FI), Villach (AT), Rotterdam Kop Dakpark (NL)

etc). Thirdly, transition needs a place for incubation of

and Madrid – La Arboleda (ES) (fig.5 to 8).

How to reinvent the way people live and produce together by shaping inclusive communities and open neighbourhoods?

109


10 — SANT CLIMENT DE LLOBREGAT (ES), WINNER — PRUNUS AVIUM > SEE MORE P.139

9 — SANT CLIMENT DE LLOBREGAT (ES), RUNNER-UP — MASOVERI@ > SEE MORE P.140

11 — LASARTE-ORIA (ES), RUNNER-UP — AGRIHUB > SEE MORE P.122

110

12 — LA LOUVIÈRE (BE), WINNER — INTERACTIONS > SEE MORE P.119

OVERCOMING THE DIVIDE

economy around cherries (fig. 9). The agripark figure

BETWEEN RURAL AND URBAN

is becoming influential in the European territorial

The winning projects in the first group offer ideas about

planning as well as in the establishment of ecological

how third space as a transitional agent can contribute

neighbourhoods (L’agriparc : une innovation pour

to overcoming the divide between rural and urban,

l’agriculture des territoires urbains ? Françoise Jarrige

between urban living and agriculture activities. The

et Coline Perrin Dans Revue d’Économie Régionale &

agripark is offered by the competitors as a strategic

Urbaine 2017/3 (Juin), pp. 537-562). The winning project

territorial figure bound by transcalar processes. It is

in Sant Climent de Llobregat, Prunus Avium, touches

explicitly mentioned by the runner-up project in Sant

upon the territorial scale of the agripark by reclaiming

Climent de Llobregat, Masoveri@, drawing references

the long-gone former cherry tree terraces from the

from the agripark of Mas Nougier in Montpellier (FR).

intruding pine forest. Besides, it revalorizes the existing

We can learn a lot from such a figure because it brings

building stock of the village and proposes its extension

forward the required synergies, even protocols, between

by additional linear type housing (fig. 10). It remains to

city actors and agriculture actors. The Masoveri@

be seen if there are alternative co-habitations between

project offers a blueprint for a potential social practice

cherry trees agriculture and the pine forest.

of landownership and use as well as of co-governing.

Moreover, the agripark territorial figure is essential to

Moreover, the team proposes synergies with the actors

turning housing into ecological neighbourhoods by

from the adjacent industrial area to boost a circular

offering collective activities sometimes based on micro-


agriculture, on craftsmanship and co-working spaces.

nodes, such as shared streets and a public space by

In this case, the reconnection between the city and its

the river, in the case of the runner-up project, Lanterner

territory depends on the multiplication of living / co-

(fig. 13). Moreover, the network-like territorial figure is

working clusters such as in the case of the runner-up

expanded along the river as a green corridor, thanks

project in Lasarte-Oria, Agrihub (fig. 11), as well the

to the winning project, N.E.W (New Era Wharf). Also,

Masoveri@ project in Sant Climent de Llobregat.

the territorial figure gets an iconic centrality, a sort of a

Third space as a transitional agent can contribute to overcoming the divide between rural and urban, between urban living and agriculture activities

On another take, the win-

flagship, hoping to operate as an attractor to the people

ning project in La Lou-

from the concerned territory (fig. 14). Another strategic

vière, InterActions, aims

territorial figure is that of the Common Node proposed

to transform a devaluated

by the winning project in Lasarte-Oria (fig. 15). It is a

housing estate into an

centrality with modernist architectural references, that

ecological neighbour-

calls for synergies between actors coming from the

hood. This project propos-

nearby housing and industrial areas. The buildings’ form

es multiple micro-places

and typology, as well as the treatment of the inclined

for incubation of new prox-

topography, offer a rich internal environment around

imities within the housing

a collective courtyard. The aim is to work as a pivotal

estate. It offers, among

transition agent avoiding closing itself to a secluded

other uses, an artisanal

housing estate.

workshop and collective green houses (fig. 12).

TURNING BUFFER SPACES

The winning and runner-up

INTO TRANSITIONAL PLACES

projects in ­R ødberg, a

The winning projects of the second group of sites

countryside village with major farming and hydropower

propose various ways to transform voids that are so

production, have a similar approach. They propose a

far buffered, even limits, into all sorts of thresholds

diffused network of places of incubation of new prox-

between living, co-producing and socially interacting.

imities between public uses, the inhabitants and the

In other words, where everyday politics take place,

many visitors camping at the nearby forest. The terri-

according to Sennett.

torial figure in this case is a network of small common

The strategic territorial figure in the winning project 111

13 — RØDBERG (NO), RUNNER-UP — LANTERNER > SEE MORE P.132

15 — LASARTE-ORIA (ES), WINNER — COMMON NODE > SEE MORE P.121

14 — RØDBERG (NO), WINNER — N.E.W NEW ERA WHARF > SEE MORE P.131


in Hyvinkää, Symbiotic Fabric (fig. 16), is a loop-like

protocols that may enhance complementarity and help

mobility network that gives a new image to the city

to transform a monofunctional urban periphery into a

centre. It creates a “landscape pocket” according

self-sufficient neighbourhood. In the case of the winning

to the winning team, which connects existing and

project in Rotterdam Kop Dakpark, Hybrid Parliament,

new housing estates

the strategic figure is the city’s existing green network

and brings together

that gets an iconic structure as a collective centrality.

isolated landscape

It is a multilevel open-ended platform, covered by a

areas. The oversized

mesh-like surface for hosting all sorts of vegetation and

bus station canopy,

public uses (fig. 18).

placed over the railway,

The driving force behind the Hybrid Parliament is

is the flagship of the

the incubation of new proximities as well as the

network, offering new

establishment of new synergies between actors,

public and soft mobility

humans and non-humans. It is a common house

alternatives. In the case

for the city’s users and the nearby neighbourhood’s

of the winning project in

inhabitants. Further on, places for incubation in the

Madrid – la Arboleda,

Hyvinkää winning project are the landscape pocket,

Proxiphery, a green

but also the ground floor of the new housing units,

Projects propose various ways to transform voids that are so far buffered, even limits, into all sorts of thresholds between living, co-producing and socially interacting

thick corridor gets the

called “active plinths”. Along the same line lies the ex

role of a strategic territorial figure, opening up the

aequo runner-up project in Villach, Stadthöfe (fig. 19),

hospital cluster, providing thresholds between the

where the place of incubation of new proximities is

actual industrial area, the university, the new housing

hosted in courtyards and at the ground floor. In the

and the adjacent urban area across the highways where

case of Villach, the aim is to assure that a future housing

a zoo becomes part of the territorial figure (fig. 17).

estate will function as an urban neighbourhood with

Such thresholds are bound by new urban rules and

production facilities. The other ex aequo runner-up

112

16 — HYVINKÄÄ (FI), WINNER — SYMBIOTIC FABRIC > SEE MORE P.115

17 — MADRID – LA ARBOLEDA (ES), WINNER — PROXIPHERY > SEE MORE P.127


18 — ROTTERAM KOP DAKPARK (NL), WINNER — HYBRID PARLIAMENT > SEE MORE P.135

19 — VILLACH (AT), RUNNER-UP — STADTHÖFE > SEE MORE P.143

113

20 — VILLACH (AT), RUNNER-UP — THRESHOLDS (MYTH) > SEE MORE P.144

project, Thresholds (Myth), juxtaposes housing with

The first challenge for the implementation of such open-

industrial building types. It assigns to production its

ended blueprints offered by the winning teams is to have

distinct big box structures. The place for the incubation

on board as early as possible all identified actors by the

of proximities lies in the area between the two building

projects. The local authorities should use the winning

types. It becomes central in resisting to the potential

projects’ content and the winning teams’ enthusiasm

pressure to turn the whole area into only housing

and energy as catalysts to bring the actors together and

(fig. 20).

establish the seeds of transition. Otherwise, business, as usual, may prevail, promoting urban development

CONCLUSION

to the detriment of the countryside or turning promising

The agripark, the collective centrality, the loop-like

designed third spaces into implemented buffered

mobility network, thick green corridor and the network

spaces. The second challenge is to accept that the

with shared nodes (with one of them becoming the

projects-to-be-implemented should serve as fields of

network’s flagship), are all strategic territorial figures

investigation for such a transition. To acknowledge in

that attribute to a third space a trans-scalar role.

other words, that the unpacking of the complexity of

They all allow us to discuss a transition towards

the world needs additional means of reflection through

inclusive countryside communities and open urban

design. The Europan 15 project offers plenty.

neighbourhoods by being attached to a soil on the one hand and to globalize on the other. They make apparent the need for the establishment of synergies and protocols among actors who rarely collaborate. The assigned places for the incubation of proximities between the living and the co-producing are promising in transforming limits to porous edges.


HYVINKÄÄ (FI) PROJECT SCALE — L – urban + architecture

SITE PROPOSED BY — City of Hyvinkää

LOCATION — Hyvinkää

OWNER OF THE SITE — City of Hyvinkää, State of Finland,

POPULATION — 47,000 inhab.

private landowners

STRATEGIC SITE — 95 ha / PROJECT SITE — 27 ha

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Urban study, masterplan

Anitta Ojanen — Architect, Planning Director, City of Hyvinkää 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

Hyvinkää city center is located on two sides of the main railway line of Finland. The project area on the West side lacks character and is less defined than the city center on the East side. The objective is to find an urban concept for the project area with various functions including productive uses. The different sides of the rail line should also be better connected to one another. The new urban concept will be used as a guideline to develop the area with various landowners and stakeholders. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

The main goal is to integrate new ways of working, production and housing together in the area. It is important for the site to achieve its own new identity by creating a new high-quality environment and functionality in these “third spaces”. The goal is to integrate 114

small scale production into the urban fabric i.e. co-working spaces, workshops, artists, makers etc. and to ensure that the development also generates livable residential places and opportunities for community-building. The train station area should be developed into a mobility hub which also generates new services for travelers and inhabitants. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN COMPETITION?

The proposals of the awarded teams will be used as the basis for various master plans for the area. The awarded teams have already presented themselves and their planning philosophies to the politicians and civil servants of Hyvinkää. One or two awarded teams will be asked to develop their plans further in the near future. The plans should be finished by the end of 2020.


Symbiotic Fabric

HYVINKÄÄ (FI) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Laura Huerga Cadenas (ES), Pablo Magán Uceda (ES), Architects

CONTACT — Hypersite

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Óscar Ruiz Nieto (ES), Sophia Arbara (GR),

Rotterdam (NL)

Pavlos Ventouris (GR), Javier López-Menchero Ortiz De Salazar (ES), Architects;

info@hypersite.eu

Marcello Felice Vietti (IT), Urbanist

www.hypersite.eu

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Symbiotic def: denoting a mutually

beneficial relationship between different people or groups. “Hyvinkaä” makes Hyvinkaä as a main strategy to create a new symbiotic city, between the nature and urban fabric. A productive environment with new interchanges taking place on the loop boulevard, which weave the areas with the rest of the city giving it an urban identity. Revealing the green to embrace the city into the nature, more human live creating new proximities in the new productive third space. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The team behind the proposal have

succeeded in identifying the key links within the city’s fabric and strengthened them through a series of interventions, including functions that drive production, working and homes in the area. The result is less a highly detailed master plan but a strategic vision for how to transform Hyvinkää’s centre, currently dominated by transport infrastructure into a busy, vibrant and dynamic urban environment. Its particular strength lies in the simple and straightforward, diagrammatic approach that view both sides of the railway tracks as a single whole but which allows for further work and development without losing its essence.

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Come Together 116

HYVINKÄÄ (FI) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Lassi Mustonen (FI),

CONTACT — 51 Boulevard Auguste Blanqui, 75013 Paris (FR)

Architect

+33 760124072 lassi.a.mustonen@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — “Come together” is searching for the lost

connection between the human and the environment in Hyvinkää, a new and refound connection that is not mediated by cars. The belief of the project is that fluent physical connections improve human connections in the city. A good city offers spaces where citizens can meet. Public spaces are therefore the key to a city that connects and includes everyone. Human connections and encounters in the city always open up new opportunities. Therefore, an inclusive city loses no chance to create something new and good for the community. These encounters can turn into productive capacities for the city. Thus, Hyvinkää’s new and productive cityscape is green, connected and inclusive. Open spaces, streets and pedestrian areas as well as bike lines create new connections. JURY POINT OF VIEW — “Come together” seeks to facilitate as

many encounters as possible in the centre of Hyvinkää. The team demonstrate a good awareness of the scale of the site and the challenges posed by the elevation differences and the railway tracks that dominate the area. The project’s approach to creating a unified city centre is characterised by its surgeon-like precision. By creating a brand new and clearly conceived central square above the platforms, the team has created a fresh urban space that succeeds in being close to everything and cleverly combines the station area with the surrounding streetscape and the public transport terminal.


Come Together

HYVINKÄÄ (FI) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Tomi Jaskari (FI), Architect, urbanist;

CONTACT — Porvoonkatu 19 B 48, 00510 Helsinki (FI)

Laura Hietakorpi (FI), Landscaper, architect, urbanist

+358 405278050 tomi.jaskari@nembi.fi / www.nembi.fi

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — “Come together” transforms the

Hyvinkää station area and its surroundings into a connected urban environment that creates a continuous, vibrant and green urban flow. The plan connects the key functions of the city centre through a series of memorable public places. With the addition of new wellplaced functions and the enhanced proximity through new urban connections, the East and West side are brought closer together physically, visually and mentally. This allows the area to prosper as a productive urban core. The proposed plan is based on five main themes: — A network of meaningful places; — Priority to pedestrians; — A vibrant, artful and green identity; — Green at heart; — Healthy, active and smart living.

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The Green Ring

HYVINKÄÄ (FI) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Radostina Radulova-Stahmer (DE), Urbanist;

CONTACT — STUDIOD3R

Deniza Horländer (DE), Architect

Parkring 37, 68159 Mannheim (DE)

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Viktoriya Yeretska (AT),

+43 6706083858

Student in architecture

info@studiod3r.com / www.studiod3r.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — To link the separated areas of the railways

we suggest to frame the fragments of Hyvinkää‘s city core with a green ring, expanding the existing green areas. The defining elements are three bridges crossing the rails: the forest bridge, the light bridge and the square bridge. Bicycle lanes and pedestrian zones in the green ring become a part of public space in our vision. They close gaps between functions situated on both sides of the railway. Mobility is reorganized so as to reduce and keep motorized traffic away from the centre. The third in-between spaces are defined by the new greenhouse building at the train station, which integrates small scale building stock in its village-like structure and introduces productive functions to the area. The greenhouse functions as a catalyser and magnet for the transformation and further adaptation of the site.


LA LOUVIÈRE (BE) PROJECT SCALE — S – architecture + context

SITE PROPOSED BY — Centr’Habitat, a public housing

LOCATION — La Louvière, Saint-Vaast, Cité Jardin District

services company

POPULATION — 80,719 inhab.

OWNER OF THE SITE — Centr’Habitat

STRATEGIC SITE — 19 ha

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Urban planning and architectural

PROJECT SITE — 3.5 ha

study prior to the development

Sergio Spoto — Technical Director, Centr’Habitat 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

1. To make the neighbourhood accessible by opening it up and connecting it to its immediate environment (soft mobility connections with the city centre, multi-modal hubs, existing and future urban zones). 2. To create housing consistent with the conducted diagnosis (in terms of household sizes and structures, population age, etc.). 3. To boost employment by creating zones within the neighbourhood conducive to the development of very small companies and SME. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

The aim is to incorporate productive activity zones into these currently mono-functional areas, so as to establish proximity between workplaces and living spaces. Throughout the municipality territory, industrial wasteland is gradually being converted, with the creation of a cultural centre, housing units and premises for artists, conversion of slagheaps, etc. All these projects have been carried 118

out by the City with multi-functionality of programs aimed at bringing about the productive cities of tomorrow as a guiding principle. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN COMPETITION?

Since there is only one prize winner and since its proposal is of good quality, the goal is to entrust them, if possible, the study and monitoring of project performance via a service contract in compliance with the legislation on awarding of public contracts. The term project infers the following: Stage 1: Overall plan – urban planning level: Focus (program & partners) on the different interventions identified by the prize winner. Stage 2: Building – architecture level: Choice of interventions to be elaborated: at first glance, the choice is focused on the multi-unit residential building with productive activities on the ground floor. The challenge will be to find reliable partners for the durable installation of these functions on the building ground floor, in perfect harmony with the residential units on the higher floors. Once the program and the partners are defined, the actual study may start, to result in the development of the building. Stage 3: Possibility: Development of another intervention proposed on the site (a partially/totally productive street, for example).


InterActions

LA LOUVIÈRE (BE) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Olivier Robert (FR),

CONTACT — 120 avenue de Messidor, 1180 Uccle (BE)

Sophie Canfin (FR), Architects

+32 467059139‬ olivier.robert.architecte@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The project proposes to turn the reflection

site into an exemplary sustainable neighbourhood combining residential, productive and recreational programs. It offers the opportunity to develop a local sustainable construction sector that provides jobs. At the urban level, it is based on a detailed analysis of the existing situation and punctual interventions to reveal and strengthen the site potential. At an architectural level, it offers proximity productive programs adapted to the residential fabric, so as to create new synergies and bring the district to life according to different temporalities. In addition, it brings new residential typologies that make it possible to respond to changes in family patterns, while promoting living together and social diversity. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project proposes on the one hand, a

centrality of activities and on the other hand, interventions spread over key points, which demonstrate sensitive and realistic analysis of the site. This approach of urban acupuncture also draws on a complementary method of reinforcing public, productive and landscaped spaces. The process requires overt involvement of the inhabitants in transforming and creating their own neighbourhood, making it possible to identify and deploy a wide array of possible activities. The nature of the project furthermore allows the project owner to open up a considerable scope for varying types of partnerships.

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LASARTE-ORIA (ES) PROJECT SCALE — L/S – urban + architecture / architecture +

SITE PROPOSED BY — Lasarte-Oria Municipal Council;

context

Environment, Land Planning and Housing Dept.,

LOCATION — Lasarte-Oria (Gipuzkoa)

Basque Government

POPULATION — 18,152 inhab.

OWNER OF THE SITE — Public ownership

STRATEGIC SITE — 68.84 ha

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Planning and/or project

PROJECT SITE — 2.34 ha

development and construction project

City of Lasarte-Oria — 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The proposal of the Basque Government to build 100 public housing units is a threefold planning and architectural challenge. First, the need to complete the urban fabric with a building of considerable size in a context that has a rural scale and appearance. Second, the establishment of a dialogue with the surrounding districts, the prevention of this area isolation from the rest of the municipality, and encouragement for residents to stay. And finally, the aim to provide practical access for everyone to a site in a difficult location, heeding the need for gender-sensitive planning to ensure safe usage by all citizens. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

The starting point for the site is an area surrounded by large-scale industrial facilities, with a gradual disappearance of traditional 120

industries, which are being replaced by technological and smallerscale industries. In this context, the Basque Government saw Europan 15 as a great opportunity to generate low-cost housing for its young population and to integrate the productive aspects in an intimate relationship. This is an opportunity to investigate a new typology in which housing and work can coexist and complement each other, making the most of current technological developments which allow the workplace to be disconnected from a specific space. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN COMPETITION?

The process is structured by the design of planning guidelines (partial plan) and a building (project and construction), although they are conceived as one in order to ensure a coherent process. The Basque Government wants a young architectural team to execute the complete process, which will span approximately 5 years. The integration of productive spaces with the infrastructure will require a prior analysis of the options afforded by the public housing design regulations. This will require flexibility in the initial idea.


Common Node

LASARTE-ORIA (ES) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Alex Etxeberria Aiertza (ES), Architect

CONTACT — Ipar kalea 3, 2ª, 20800 Zarautz (ES)

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Amelia Perea (ES),

+34 609946699

Eduardo Landia (ES), Architects

tarte@tartearkitektura.com / www.tartearkitektura.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Depolarization of the urban core and a

new complementary centrality are the goals for the periurban area of Lasarte-Oria. The aim is to create a type of urbanity that catalyses the flows of the city and the rural and natural environment, activating the exchange between living, production and plant and animal biodiversity, which is enabled by the geographical condition of the site. Productive spaces are linked around the large central public space, since the established goal is an individual and collective production as a base to generate knowledge and innovation. The project seeks to strengthen the interaction between the industrial experience of the city and the tradition of the agricultural fields, spinning and enhancing all kind of circulations in an accessible and connected common node. JURY POINT OF VIEW — This project is base on a single operation:

a landmark/tower that is visible from a distance yet does not span the entire area. Instead, it shapes the zone by means of green terraces. The interest of this project lies precisely in its ability to connect up with a larger area than the Lasarte-Oria municipality as such. It recognises the need for an emphatic colonization of the territory. The proposed intervention thus reinforces the idea that the territory is organised by means of major gestures that can cope with the complexity necessary for the coexistence of different uses and scales.

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Agrihub 122

LASARTE-ORIA (ES) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Esperanza Campaña Barquero (ES),

CONTACT — Pasaje Diego de Siloé 2, 18001 Granada (ES)

Gustavo Rojas Pérez (ES), Architects

+34 646012904

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Alejandro Fuentes Cano (ES), Architect

mail@architecturalmatter.es

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The Lasarte-Oria agri-food hub is a

point for territorial concentration of productive, commercial and technological activity around organic agriculture and its products. A neighbourhood where the market coexists with a laboratory for food research and organic farming, as well as with educational activities, workshops, spaces for storage and logistics and other type of places for collective or individual work. Our references belong to the local landscape, we use the memory of the “caserío” —a hybrid building where living and production overlap— as a starting point for architectural design. We seek a temporal and spatial continuity, an interpretation of the valid codes of the past that have given rise to a rural identity. JURY POINT OF VIEW — This is a compact solution, valuable in

its concentration of the buildings. Although the geometries are complex, they can be seen to be derived from the in-between spaces. The project strives to generate common areas to be used by the residents. It concentrates the open, sunny public space in the area facing the steep decline on the hillside and graduates the outdoor spaces from private to public. It also shows a desire to blend into the landscape and resolve the connection with the lowest level.


Lo-Lo-Land

LASARTE-ORIA (ES) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Jesús Lazcano López (ES),

CONTACT — Paseo de la Florida 43 bajo A, 28008 Madrid (ES)

Carlos García Fernández (ES), Begoña de Abajo García (ES),

+34 915466276

Irene Campo Sáez (ES), Architects

estudio@espaciovacante.com / www.espaciovacante.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — “Lo-Lo-Land” reflects on how housing

and production programs coexist in a new ecosystem. The proposal defines a system based on a strategic model of circular economy. The timber structure proposed leads to an industrialized construction that assures optimization, quality and environmental standards. Great adaptability is reached by the introduction of time as one of the main parameters of the design. This system defines the needed infrastructure and the minimum units that can be organized inside. The resilience in the building allows it to adapt to short–, medium– and long-term changes expected by the different agents involved. The implementation of the system in the typology proposed responds to the surroundings, the different scales and the transition from the urban to the natural context. JURY POINT OF VIEW — This project has an interesting potential for

development over a long time period. It is one of several solutions that include a lift and a bridge to tackle the access issue of the land, in this case proposing two intermediate levels for public use which run through the building and lead to the dwellings. It also shows a very positive understanding of this particular territorial scale. Its simplicity is precisely where the necessary complexity required for the shared use of dwellings and spaces for productive uses resides. It is one of the series of proposals which concentrated the construction aspect, freeing up the ground for the benefit of the natural environment.

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Baserritar 4.0

LASARTE-ORIA (ES) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Ana Sabugo Sierra (ES), Ana Carreño Fernández

CONTACT — +34 60590124

de Travanco (ES), Alicia Peña Gómez (ES), Ester Moreno Palacios

sabugo91@gmail.com

(ES), José Manuel de Andrés Moncayo (ES), Architects

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The intervention proposes a new housing

model that sets a baseline in the local residential, industrial and educational tradition of Lasarte-Oria to reconsider its productive model. The new virtuous circle is able of stimulating the local industry and economy, while promoting innovation thanks to new jobs and businesses. The dual housing-production program is specifically intended for young people and supported by a vocational training centre in Basque language. The resulting mixed-use linear block typology refers, in its integration of private and productive spaces, to the internal configuration of the traditional Basque rural house, Baserriak. A new multi-familiar home, connected to nature and integrating the latest forms of digital work, “Baserritar 4.0” stands out as the hamlet of the future.

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Basohiria

LASARTE-ORIA (ES) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Lys Villalba Rubio (ES),

CONTACT — Madrid / San Sebastián (ES)

Ángela Juarranz Serrano (ES), Enrique Espinosa Pérez (ES),

www.lysvillalba.net / www.angelajuarranz.com / www.eeestudio.es /

María Andrés Rodríguez (ES), Maé Durant Vidal (ES), Architects

www.instagram.com/enaceitepress / www.pezestudio.org

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The Rur-Urban Landscape, The Collective

Caserío and The Productive House. A new word in the dictionary: “Basohiria”. If the term “caserío” (in Basque: “baserri”, the traditional farmhouse), is the union between “baso” (forest) and “herri” (village), “basohiria” explores the combination of “baso” and “hiri” (city). “Basohiria” (The Forest City) reflects on the productive domesticities that hybridize the rural and the urban through architectural actions promoting biodiversity and sustainability, and managing the community spaces collectively. “Basohiria” proposes the hypothesis of “caserío” as a typology of collective housing, a habitat of human and non-human communities. It is a large building made up of eight small communities, with multiple scales that explore contemporary production spaces: from the flexibility of the private realm to the commonalities of collective spaces.



MADRID – LA ARBOLEDA (ES) PROJECT SCALE — XL/L – territory / urban + architecture

SITE PROPOSED BY — Madrid City Council

LOCATION — Calle Gran Vía del Este 80, Madrid

OWNER OF THE SITE — Madrid Regional Government

POPULATION — 8,053 inhab.

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Planning Project

STRATEGIC SITE — 150.92 ha / PROJECT SITE — 21 ha

(Plan Director, PERI, etc.), other

City of Madrid — 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

Madrid is developing a strategy aimed at regenerating its urban periphery and narrowing the major differences between suburbs in terms of life quality, economy, culture and health of the population. This strategy has several main thrusts —New Mobility Model, Metropolitan Forest and Productive City—, which strive to meet the current social and environmental challenges, provide continuity to the territory and overcome the insularity of the various zones: Infanta Leonor Hospital, the Polytechnic University South Campus, several unused plots in industrial estates and Villa de Vallecas. The land around the Hospital, proposed for EUROPAN 15, includes all these concepts. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

The design of the proposed action will be based on the implementation of mixed uses, the promotion of the productive city and the circular economy, allowing local people to produce, to sell, 126

to consume their own agricultural production, to properly manage their waste, to move around the neighbourhood on foot or by bicycle and to have access to efficient public transport systems when they need to move further afield. A reforested green area —an important component of the Metropolitan Forest— should also be created. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN COMPETITION?

No development procedure has been defined yet in the light of the competition results, but the winning team will be contacted to study the options to develop their proposal under a masterplan or a similar procedure that will allow their solutions to be included in the planning process to go ahead with in the area.


Proxiphery

MADRID – LA ARBOLEDA (ES) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — María Sisternas Tusell (ES), Architect, urbanist

CONTACT — Mediaurban

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Roberto García Fernández (ES),

Avinguda Diagonal 177 (Planta 15), 08018 Barcelona (ES)

Sergi Marcó Uriarte (ES), Federico Palau Arvizu (ES),

+34 935533411

Albert Sánchez Perarnau (ES), Aleix Ràmia Rodríguez (ES), Architects

info@mediaurban.es / www.mediaurban.es

TEAM POINT OF VIEW —

LA ARBOLEDA: TERRITORIAL SOLIDARITY AND SPATIAL JUSTICE The dispersed territorial expansion, suburbanization and fragmentation of the territory due to all types of roads and highways constitute a major challenge to the global ecological impact of reference cities such as Madrid. In order for individual behaviours to be committed to an urbanity capable of minimizing consumption, reducing car dependency, encouraging the use of public transport and building sustainably, it is necessary to create attractive, convenient and very understandable rules of the urban layout. JURY POINT OF VIEW — This project builds a grid that stitches the

whole site together, with hierarchical articulating axes amongst the town fabric along the edged. The power of the green infrastructure stands out. It involves a green corridor which crosses the area from the opposite side of the railway line until it crosses the A3 motorway, connecting the green zones of the new urban developments nearby to the large business park created around the hospital. At the same time, the project interprets the new Santa Eugenia station as an opportunity to develop hybrid facilities.

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Treeness – Productive Arboleda

MADRID – LA ARBOLEDA (ES) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Diego Martín Sánchez (ES),

CONTACT — Furii studio

Noemí Gómez Lobo (ES), Architects

Apt. 402 3-14-14 Shimomeguro, Meguro-ku, 153-0064 Tokyo (JP) +81 7039603981 / hola@furiistudio.com / www.furiistudio.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — A recent study has shown the availability

of 900 million hectares of potential forest surface in the world. If that area were to be occupied by trees, two thirds of the total Carbon emitted to the atmosphere by humanity would be captured, therefore proving itself as an effective solution to climate change. In Spain only, there are 3 million hectares free of human activity or agriculture that can accommodate a new forest. Adding up to a total of 14 million hectares of continuous canopy. It is said that long time ago a squirrel could travel across the Iberian Peninsula without touching the ground. We propose the creation of the industry that will be in charge of making it possible again.

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Urban Biotope

MADRID – LA ARBOLEDA (ES) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Jaime Llorente Sanz (ES),

CONTACT — Avd. de la Rioja 28, 2ºD, 28691 Vvª de la Cañada, Madrid (ES)

Architect

+34 620831197 / estudio@estudioperpendicular.com www.estuduiperpendicular.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Dynamic streets full of people and

activities. Parks with activity 24 hours a day. High commercial, productive, residential and endowment activity. Neighbourhoods where you can live and work without long displacements, with a great diversity of transportation modes. Inclusive places where all users can use the spaces and where all social classes are inserted and accepted. Neighbourhoods that take care of the planet and people. In nature, there are certain environmental conditions that must be met in order to have a great biodiversity, to house different biocenosis. The BIOTOPO are all those environmental conditions that give rise to diverse life. In the same way, the URBAN BIOTOPO must offer these conditions so that an adequate urban ecology is generated, based on diversity.


Zipper City

MADRID – LA ARBOLEDA (ES) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Rodrigo Nuñez Carrasco (ES), Architect

CONTACT — Calle Rodriguez San Pedro 13, 5-5,

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Paula Pérez Araluce (ES), Architect;

28015 Madrid (ES)

Federico Martínez de Sola (ES), Juan Antonio Fuentes Brito (ES),

+34 910663277

Students in architecture

info@rodrigonunez.es / www.rodrigonunez.es

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — “Zipper City” is an integral and sustainable

urban system that allows to link all the urban fragments located on the site so as to create a new centrality area between them. This urban model takes advantage of the potential of the residual spaces between these fragments to invert their current identity, ceasing to be understood as spaces that divide to start being understood as spaces that stitch the city and stimulate the relations of proximity between residential areas, productive spaces and public spaces. This transformation occurs through the reactivation, reprogramming and renaturation of the spaces. The result is a hybrid landscape that combines urban and natural qualities, central and peripheral potentials, and productive, recreational and residential spaces.

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RØDBERG (NO) PROJECT SCALE — XL/L – territory / urban + architecture

PROJECT SITE — 28 ha

LOCATION — Rødberg, Nore og Uvdal municipality

SITE PROPOSED BY — Municipality of Nore og Uvdal

POPULATION — Rødberg 502 inhab.; Nore og Uvdal

OWNER OF THE SITE — Municipality and private owners

2,482 inhab.; up to 20,000 inhab. in the high season

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Planning and/or building

STRATEGIC SITE — 110 ha

commission

GRO RUDI — Municipal Director of Planning and Public Works, Municipality of Nore og Uvdal 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The goals for Rødberg is to increase productivity, make new connections and inspire further development of the city centre for the local industry, the inhabitants and second-home dwellers. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

Rødberg presents a great potential and definitely needs to increase productivity; and the combination of productivity in business, industries, apartments, events and people is crucial for the future success in Rødberg. The productivity issue made us very aware of the importance to develop and maintain a good offer of possibilities, meaning that people will spend more time in Rødberg, both by living and working.

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3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN COMPETITION?

We have already started the process of refurbishing and improving the area surrounding the main street. We have also started the process of refurbishing old paths in the terrain close to the city centre and creating new connections in and around Rødberg. Hopefully we will also look into the possibility of building new apartment buildings in the near future.


N.E.W (New Era Wharf)

RØDBERG (NO) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — M. Arietti (IT), A. Bulloni (IT), Architects (Space Travellers)

CONTACT — Space Travellers

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — C. Gerolimetto (IT), E. Frappi (IT), I. Sangaletti (IT),

+39 3518269381 / +39 3473399764

Landscapers (Pool Landscape);

info@spacetravellers.it / arietti.matteo@gmail.com /

J. Breda (IT), B. Brambilla (IT), G. Turatto (IT), Visualizers (Nube Architetture)

andreabulloni@gmail.com / www.spacetravellers.it

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Creating a catalyst is a secure way

to make a chemical reaction to happen and, in this sense, the “NEW New Era Wharf” is the new epicentre for the valley of Rødberg, Nore and Uvdal. It acts as an urban catalyst at different levels. It is a three-story building in which each floor deals with a different strategic program. It works as a connective tissue hosting a new flux of cycling mobility that connects the main street of Rødberg with the bike path coming from Nore, passing through the lake. A traditional and local food hub could offer a great experience to all the tourists to feel proud to be part of such a vibrant reality and as a multipurpose space where both formal and informal events can take place. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project presents a radical reimagining

of Rødberg centred on a new civic building erected on a new wharf at the western end of the lake. This building and its connections across the lake alter the scale and centre of gravity of Rødberg, providing a new focus to Rødberg poised between the reworked high street to the west and the new parkland and housing to the east. The proposal also includes carefully judged proposals for a new public realm, new housing, a charging station for electric vehicles and a new emergency centre.

EMERGENCY CENTRE ULTRACHARGE STATION

NEW – NEW ERA WHARF NEW MUNICIPALITY APARTMENTS

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Lanterner 132

RØDBERG (NO) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Sara Angelini (IT), Landscaper;

CONTACT — Via Mura F. Comandini 2, 47521 Cesena (IT)

Alessio Valmori (IT), Urbanist;

+39 3493782609

Dania Marzo (IT), Architect

degayardonmailbox@gmail.com / www.degayardonbureau.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Productivity in Rødberg is almost a

paradox: the municipality has been chosen as a place for free time, to rest and escape from productivity itself. There is thus a chance to overcome assumptions and craft a new concept of productivity. This concept expands the domain of work and completely incorporates the dimension of free-time. It is a complete merge, with very little exception. For this new kind of productivity, fun, knowledge, nature, sport and leisure are as important as traditional work, and are actually sources and matter of today’s work! In order to create a roadmap for the city of tomorrow, an attractive, and inclusive environment we believe the energy should be focused on strengthening connection by creating a fine mesh of public spaces on the human scale. A fine mesh that brings together the different segregated islands of the current urban layout to their majestic natural landscape. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The “Lanterner” project articulates

the incremental and uncertain development of Rødberg over time, incorporating the public realm, the landscape and architectural projects at multiple scales. Having the qualities of a menu, “Lanterner” provides the city with multiple choices and provocations united under the single narrative of the lantern. In this context, Lanterns are not just spaces but metaphoric and temporal interventions that initiate and test future spatial and programmatic possibilities.



ROTTERDAM KOP DAKPARK (NL) PROJECT SCALE — L/S – urban + architecture / architecture +

SITE PROPOSED BY — Municipality of Rotterdam

context

OWNER OF THE SITE — Public and private ownership

LOCATION — Rotterdam, Marconiplein, Kop Dakpark

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Design (or research – by – design)

POPULATION — 650,000 inhab.

assignment on implementation on the project site (or a site with

STRATEGIC SITE — 20.4 ha

similar characteristics) commissioned by the Municipality of

PROJECT SITE — 1.1 ha

Rotterdam and/or private partners

Europan Nederland — 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The project site is an urban void situated in western Rotterdam next to the Marconiplein, an important public transport hub and gate to the inner city. It is at the intersection of several residential areas originally planned for the working classes and the port area MerweVierhavens (M4H) that is being transformed into an innovative makers district. Between M4H and Bospolder there is the Strip, an elongated building with a range of large chain stores and a lively communal park on top. The challenge is to develop a radical spatial intervention on this site —a new building with innovative work-home typologies for various generations and income brackets— to create a new centre of activities that restores social and economic connections, revitalizes ground floors with (public) economic activities and fuels the urban dynamics in all neighbouring districts. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

134

The City of Rotterdam seeks opportunities to accommodate its growth in the existing city. Densification of urban voids with a strategic position in the city is part of this strategy. This type of development is ideally suited to catalyse new interaction milieus, since it offers the opportunity to implement a new work-and-live programme connecting citizens with all sorts of backgrounds, knowledge and skills, various (economic) activities and other resources that are already present in the surroundings. Especially urban voids that are at the intersection of multiple neighbourhoods with diverse urban dynamics offer unorthodox anchors for such productive milieus. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN COMPETITION?

Characteristic of Rotterdam is the credo “making city together”. Municipality, market parties, corporations and other enthusiastic city makers are working together to build a productive, inclusive, healthy, circular and compact city. In order to put their money where their mouth is, the parties involved are now trying to actually bring the rich harvest of Europan 15 one step closer to realization, together with the winning teams. To this end, a workshop programme is established, in which thinking and doing go hand in hand. First leading questions for Kop Dakpark: The challenge to develop a productive city cannot be met by the design of monofunctional or isolated buildings alone. Therefore, we will view the E15 locations Kop Dakpark, Vierhavensblok and Visserijplein in relation to each other. The selected entries consider the project site primarily as part of a green corridor across the city. Our challenge now is to create a feasible plan; a realistic one that at the same respects the poetic value of the winning proposal.


Hybrid Parliament

ROTTERDAM KOP DAKPARK (NL) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Miquel Ruiz Planella (ES),

CONTACT — H3O arch

Joan Gener González (ES), Adrià Orriols Camps (ES), Architects

Carrer Verdi 150, 08012 Barcelona (ES)

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Ariana Ribas García (ES),

+34 608523741

Daniel Gómez Massana (ES), Architects

h3o@h3o.es / www.h3o.es

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — “Hybrid Parliament” is a proposal of

a sustainable and durable social and ecological structure. It is a shelter for HYBRIDATION of all possible and future human and non-human realities and sensibilities of the global metropolis of the 21st century. HYBRID= Unconventional, antipatriarchal, feminist, queer, anti-canonical. It is an architecture-manifesto for Rotterdam that supports a democratic, productive, inclusive, egalitarian and horizontal community. Personal conflicts derived from coexistence are channelled through speech and agreements among the parts reproducing a PARLIAMENTARY operation. Parliament= Democracy, horizontality, anti-authoritarianism, cooperation, agreements. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project proposes a hybrid between

a building for people and animals and an ecological infrastructure. The building makes a strong statement in terms of form and typology. Architecturally, the team follows the triangular shape of the existing plot. From the point, the building follows the green strip and it has two sides, a park side and a harbour side. “Hybrid Parliament” has the potential to be the beating heart of an ecological corridor connecting the Dakpark, Marconiplein and the surrounding neighbourhoods.

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Coop*Work*Park 136

ROTTERDAM KOP DAKPARK (NL) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Anna Pierotello (IT),

CONTACT — Via Carlo Maria Maggi 6, 20154 Milano (IT)

Virginia Chiappa Nuñez (IT), Architects

info@t9pstudio.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The project is conceived as a unifying

green spine that facilitates exchange between the different communities living and working on site. It is an inclusive space where the disparate communities and the architectures that embody them come together and provide social cohesion. The elevated Central Garden gives space to a continuum of public and private activities. At the architectural scale, three residential complexes frame the Central Garden on two sides; each responds to the character and typologies of the adjacent neighbourhoods. The challenge of negotiating between different heights within the site becomes an opportunity for interaction between different programs. We aim to address this fragile site by facilitating a new, nimble, and scrappy emerging economy. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project answers the question in a well-

considered manner, presenting a new building with an innovative approach to working and living. In addition, it focuses on the greening of the building and its immediate context. This way, the building can function as a green connection in a more extensive ecological structure that runs across the city.



SANT CLIMENT DE LLOBREGAT (ES) PROJECT SCALE — L – urban + architecture

SITE PROPOSED BY — Incasòl

LOCATION — Can Molins, Sant Climent de Llobregat, Barcelona

OWNER OF THE SITE — 70% Incasòl, 10% Municipal Council,

POPULATION — 4,038 inhab.

20% private owners

STRATEGIC SITE — 36.86 ha

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Project for part of the elements

PROJECT SITE — 9.1 ha

resulting from the final plan. Public space, housing, etc.

Anna Bordas i Roca — Cap d’Àmbit de la Direcció d’Anàlisi Estratègica, INCASÓL 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

We want to regenerate the existing entrance taking advantage of the new development. It has to connect the existing urban nucleuses that cannot be disconnected from the existing centre and its activity. There has to be a good connection between the new developing and the existing industry, especially if the new proposal contains economic activity and industry. It should give the opportunity to regenerate and impulse the existing activities in the area. A compatible use with the new planning should be given to Masia Can Molins. The new sector should offer equipment that is strong enough to consolidate the area and attract the population. A productive city has been assumed as a need for the new development that the city economic activity can offer. The relation with the surroundings is an important issue, as it is placed in a forest area and a stream crosses the site. The economic viability of the project is also of course an important issue. 138

2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

The city council wants not only a supply of new housing, but also of job offer and economic activity. At the same time, as a result, it can regenerate the existing industrial areas. A good resolution of this goal supports the economic viability of the development, and the energy the sector needs to be developed. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN COMPETITION?

Today, the aspects that are important appear clearer to us, as well as some of the alternatives that we would like to develop further. That is why we will give these goals to the winning team to work on a future general plan modification and its development. In the correct moment, we want to process the Urban Planning Development to guarantee the fastest approval by the Municipality and the Autonomous Government.


Prunus Avium

SANT CLIMENT DE LLOBREGAT (ES) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — C. Enrich (ES)

CONTACT — Gomis 26, baixos 2,

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — A. Campmany (ES), J. Martí (ES), I. Caprioli (IT),

08023 Barcelona (ES)

C. Jiménez (ES), A. de Castro (ES), Architects; C. Casanovas (ES), C. González

+34 933153414 / info@carlesenrich.com

(ES), Students in architecture; CÍCLICA, Sustainability and environment

www.carlesenrich.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The municipality of Sant Climent de

Llobregat has 92.57% of undeveloped land, of which only 12.47% corresponds to agricultural land. From 1956 to the present, more than 400 ha of agricultural land have been lost, although there is a lot of unmanaged cultivation —67.3% of the total. In order to turn the third in-between space into a productive landscape, the project aims to recover the old terraces that represent a local economy and a social identity. We recovered 16.6km of dry-stone walls that formed old terraces and that in some cases are now under layers of soil. Reinforcing the territorial strategy, we reach the needs of sustainable growth: 1. Occupation of existing vacant dwellings (15% of the total); 2. Consolidate the old town in continuity with the existing streets; 3. Guidelines for future growth in Can Molins sector to be developed in different phases. JURY POINT OF VIEW — This balanced proposal begins with time-

constrained strategic transformation, and envisages the gradual implementation of housing, starting with the consolidation of the existing urban fabric. Next comes the subsequent implementation of a minimal housing density in the project area. The landscape and public space proposals rebalance the image of the place. They involve the promotion of zones with flexible and functional uses for both the landscape and for the people.

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Masoveri@ 140

SANT CLIMENT DE LLOBREGAT (ES) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Anna Gutiérrez Merin (ES),

CONTACT — Carles III 46 M 7-2, 08028 Barcelona (ES)

Francesca Palandri (IT), Architects, urbanists;

+34 646250772

Sandra Bravo (ES), Student in architecture

a.gutierrez@underprojectlab.com / www.underprojectlab.com palandri.fr@gmail.com / sandrabravoarq@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The aim is to recover the historic Catalan

masoveria (farmhouse) present in Sant Climent de Llobregat, a model based on the mas, a sustainable production unit, which allows to protect the landscape with a compact, yet discontinuous growth and at the same time offers a fair access to housing by cooperative management. This model allows the recovery of the traditional cultivation of cherry, which represents the main activity within the project area (a total of 4 ha) and suggests new forms of housing, like the “masía” and the “bordas”. The productive landscape through which the new access to the urban centre would flow will be characterized by a total of 5 masos, including the existing Can Molins Masía, converted into a cultural centre with cultivated terraces and a sports centre. JURY POINT OF VIEW — This proposal is structured around the

specific cultural elements of the Sant Climent area: the agricultural mosaic pattern with the associated farmhouses. It focuses on strengthening the production and social landscape, where the community is an active participant in the local transformation processes. The project shows special sensitivity in the building solutions for the architectural types, the technical solutions for water management and the design of flexible spaces for different users.


The Shape of Water

SANT CLIMENT DE LLOBREGAT (ES) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — María Beni Ezquerro (ES), Manuel Pedraz Salas (ES),

CONTACT — C/ Carme 44, Principal 2ª,

Francisco Javier Fernández García (ES), Marta Peinado Alós (ES), Architects

08001 Barcelona (ES)

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Josu Acebrón Gutiérrez (ES), Student in architecture

+34 670912203

and landscape; Pablo Irarrázaval (CL), Architect

info@somosm2.com / www.somosm2.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Sant Climent is the metropolitan gateway

that allows you to go from the delta plane to the Ordal mountains. Considering this anteroom character that gives access from one ecosystem to another, the proposal gives continuity to the existing stream park in Viladecans and connects it with the metropolitan park planned in the stream of Les Comes, North of the town. This connection materializes as a park of agricultural character and productive predisposition, thus trying to minimize the risks of becoming an area of growth and urban speculation that deteriorates the main quality of Sant Climent, which is precisely its compactness and moderate growth that protects and respects its privileged agroforestry environment.

141


VILLACH (AT) PROJECT SCALE — L/S – urban + architecture /

SITE PROPOSED BY — City of Villach

architecture + context

ACTORS INVOLVED — City of Villach,

LOCATION — West Railway Station, Villach, Carinthia

Austrian Railway Company (ÖBB)

POPULATION — 61,800 inhab.

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Strategic urban concept as

STRATEGIC SITE — 7.8 ha / PROJECT SITE — 3.5 ha

a base for further development steps

Guido Mosser — Planning Director, City of Villach Christopher Kreiner — Project Manager, Austrian Federal Railway Company 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

City of Villach — The goal is to establish a development that is integrated into the existing structure and interweaves with the public space. The framework for these inner-city areas is already described in the city’s urban development concept and the Europan project needs to be in-line with that. Austrian Railway Company — For the ÖBB-site, it is important that the railway station “Westbahnhof Villach” is integrated into the future planning steps. Like mentioned in the tender documents (brief), the railway station is part of the study site and an important transportation hub for pupils and students in the surrounding schools. Even if the railway station is not part of any structural changes, the urban project should not exclude these type of commuter flows, but rather benefit from it.

142

2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

Austrian Railway Company — The issues of a productive city, respectively the project in Villach, should orientate towards the inner-city needs. Which use is missing? Which products can be manufactured near the historic city centre? Developing a suitable use for the available space on the ÖBB-site should be done in close collaboration with the urban planning department of the city or other similar institutions. City of Villach — The above mentioned also applies to the city’s real estate, and it will be interesting to see which “forms of production” will develop in the future. The integration of logistic systems for online trade will also be an issue. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN COMPETITION?

We want to develop a masterplan with the winners. Based on this, the legal foundations for the development and the open spaces are to be defined. On January 30th 2020, a first workshop took place in Graz and further steps were discussed. It is envisaged to feed ideas from both projects into one, which then should be developed in further detail. One winning team will take the leading role to coordinate the different demands.


Stadthöfe

VILLACH (AT) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Nina Cosmea Mayerhofer (AT), Spatial planner;

CONTACT — studio eva

Magdalena Maierhofer (AT), Madlyn Miessgang (AT),

Ferdinandstraße 13/2/34, 1020 Wien (AT)

Kerstin Pluch (AT), Architects

+43 69910188456 / office@studio-eva.at / www.studio-eva.at

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Supporting small production cycles

and bringing manufacturing back into the urban context is one of the necessary steps for cities to deal with ecological challenges. With inwards growth and re-densification of Villach’s old town, resources are used efficiently and a city of short distances can be supported. The “Stadthöfe” proposal offers a functional mix of production, community labs, services, education, health care and (temporary) living offers, complemented by an intermodal mobility hub serving future standards. By developing adapted versions of the small structures of Villach‘s yards, “Stadthöfe” offers additional (hidden) gems and new routes within the urban pattern for residents, makers and visitors. The yards act as outdoor areas for urban manufacturing and facilitate social exchange. JURY POINT OF VIEW — It is a well-formed and well-proportioned

project, which makes a persuasive reference to the historic Villach’s permeable urban fabric with its interconnecting yards. The proposal is perceived as sensible and feasible with a robust typology — an open block structure, with scattered high points. The park, which functions as a ‘backbone’ to the project alongside the rail tracks is endorsed to support the fresh air channels of the City of Villach and to operate as a small buffer zone towards the tracks.

143


Thresholds (Myth) 144

VILLACH (AT) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Carmen Lee (CA), Leonard Ma (CA), Architects

CONTACT — PUBLIC OFFICE

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Sean Tyler (GB), Landscaper, urbanist

Aleksis Kiven Katu 14 A3, 00500 Helsinki (FI) +358 449612422 / info@publicoffice.co

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — This project considers the thematic

concept of ‘third space’ as a threshold between the urban and suburban, celebrating the qualities of both. While the narrow floor plates and urban block structures of the old town promote a vibrant streetscape, the use of this typology is limited to small-scale retail, cafes and restaurants. Larger enterprises, productive activities that require large cohesive spaces, and logistical circulation are thus pushed into the suburban areas. This project brings together the typology of the urban block, with the anonymous ‘big box’ that characterizes the suburban periphery. The project aims to collide both typologies, introducing new programmatic possibilities. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project proposes an innovative

approach to combine productive urban and suburban typologies into one. The typology of the historic town centre (limited to small businesses) and the peripheral productive activities, which require far more space and interconnection in those spaces, are brought together. The concept redefines programmatic possibilities by merging the two typologies using compact urban blocks, thresholds instead of edges and courtyards defined by Big Boxes.


The Prosperity of a non-Efficient Neighbourhood

VILLACH (AT) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Maximilian Klammer (AT) Architect; Silvester Kreil (AT), Christopher Gruber (AT),

CONTACT — Colligere, Wien (AT)

Simon Hirtz (CH), Jakob Jakubowski (AT), Students in Architecture

office@colligere.space

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Stepan Nest (AT), Philosopher

www.colligere.space

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The tension between pragmatic ideas

and artistic interventions is the potential of our project. We propose a framework that enables various uses and a mix of different generations, flexible floor-plans and a neighbourhood as a system functioning on many levels and scales. The transformation of the current traffic and parking areas into urbanity and multi-use spaces will create a vibrant third space. This project is not aiming for a status quo and is not thought as a finished ‘ultimate‘ proposal. In the spirit of resilience, we rather envision to distribute a growing infrastructure that evolves with its inhabitants, the existing environment and changes according to the future demands of a mixed and progressive city.

145


2/ CREA PROXIM 146

In the physical space of the city, but also at temporal and actors’ scales, it is about establishing proximities between living and working both within residential areas and between residential areas and monofunctional production zones. It is also about rethinking the transition between high-speed metropolitan mobility and the low speed of neighbourhoods.


ATING MITIES 147

2/B Interfaces and short cycles The creation of interfaces contributes to the transformation of infrastructures of mobility, logistics, commerce or general services, by shortening production cycles, and generates new kinds of relations between residential and farming activities, between housing and services, between spaces and communities. Interface is a fluid space on incremental and adaptive processes, rejecting predefined master plans. ANALYSIS ARTICLE: Connectors and Enablers

148

Blaž Babnik Romaniuk (SI) — Architect Auby (FR)

154 Romainville (FR)

170

Casar de Cáceres (ES)

158 Rotterdam Brainpark I (NL)

174

Floirac (FR)

162 Selb (DE)

178

Halmstad (SE)

166


Connectors and Enablers Analysis article by Blaž Babnik Romaniuk (SI) — Architect, founder of the office Obrat www.obratdoo.si

148

TOPIC AS A TOOL

“implanting”. Nevertheless, it is important to obtain

There is a substantial diversity in the sites that are

an insight in to how interfaces, as concepts of spatial

grouped together by the similarity of the assignments

development, could engender more complex solutions

to meet the demands (and opportunities) of the topic of

and proposals. As the sites are highly intertwined

“Productive Cities”. The sites could find themselves also

realities of social, spatial, administrative and ecological

in other groups of sites, as their conditions are often

forces, so are the multifaceted and layered concepts of

fundamentally different and could be approached in

possible futures proposed by Europan 15.

various ways. The logic behind the grouping could also be seen as a starting point for an open-ended creative

SITE AS A SNAPSHOT

process and how the results could be later understood

Many mutual characteristics of the seven sites could be

and implemented. Therefore, the topic functions as a

recognized, however it would be counterproductive to

tool for generating solutions and interpreting them.

group them according to a degree of similarity, as the

The teams of E15 used the sub-theme of “Interfaces

complexity could be lost. What could serve as an insight,

and Short Cycles” in a myriad ways, often incorporating

trying to understand the applicability of proposals in

or pivoting the themes of “changing metabolism” and

different context or in changed circumstances, is the

1 — AUBY (FR), WINNER — EXTRACTIONS, FROM SOURCE TO RESOURCES > SEE MORE P.155

2 — SELB (DE), WINNER — SCHERBEN BRINGEN GLÜCK > SEE MORE P.179


3 — SELB (DE),SPECIAL MENTION — SELBSTGEMACHT > SEE MORE P.180

Brainpark I), but would benefit from finding a vector of desired change that would surpass its current challenges ; Growing, the sites in Casar de Cáceres (ES) and Halmstad (SE) are completely different, but are both in the state of developing and revaluating their role and identity in their context. The sites are therefore as much spatially bound and socially defined sets of conditions, as they are temporal states in constant change, although at different speeds. This is reflected in proposals as well. Some argue for a slow, gradual development without a clear timeline and much consideration. Others allow for a rapid and efficient development. 4 — AUBY (FR), RUNNER-UP — GREY MATTER > SEE MORE P.156

FOUR SIDES TO AN INTERFACE

In creating proximities —wether spatial or temporal— that create new connections between networks, actors, and activities, interfaces function as tools where demands and possibilities meet and interact. In contrast to spaces that function as intermediaries, as third spaces where actors change their behaviour in order to interact, interfaces are devices that enable the coexistence of actors and spaces in their own state 5 — CASAR DE CÁCERES (ES), WINNER — LA CHARCA DE LA ABUNDANCIA > SEE MORE P.159

and create synergies between them. Although their manifestations are also spatial and structural, their essence is in the non-spatial as in the enzyme function

state of development each location is at.

of creating interactions and effects.

It could be argued that there are three states, in which

All proposals for these seven sites have defined

the sites are in at the moment:

architectural, urban and landscape implementations

Standstill, a state of minimal activity that does not con-

and opt not to offer solutions of pure processes and

siderably ameliorate the

strategies of spatial development. Regardless they stem

qualities of the area.

from and keep a strong conceptual approach of finding

For example, the sites

solutions as interfaces that engender new development.

of Romainville (FR) and

Focusing on this level of design, four types of interfaces

Selb (DE), both located

could be recognized: skills, networks, flows and

in areas of underused

frameworks. Each interface (as a tool) focuses on

or abandoned traffic in-

aspects, that push architectural, urban and landscape

frastructure ; Pivoting, is

concept in further elaboration.

Interfaces are devices that enable the coexistence of actors and spaces in their own state and create synergies between them

the condition of sites of Rotterdam Brainpark I

THE INTERFACE OF SKILLS uses local knowledge,

(NL), Floirac (FR) and

tradition, practices and skills as an interface of joining

Auby (FR), that are

productive activities that are site or inhabitant specific

developed but underused; they will nevertheless de-

and adjusts spatial features and its relations with

velop vigorously because of their location (Euratlan-

residential areas to function and develop.

tique development in Floirac, new TGV train station

The winning project in Auby, Extractions, from Source

near Auby and highly valuable location in Rotterdam

to Resources (fig. 1) uses skills, developed during the

149


6 — CASAR DE CÁCERES (ES), SPECIAL MENTION — ITHAKA > SEE MORE P.161

7 — HALMSTAD (SE), WINNER — CONNECTION HUB > SEE MORE P.167

8 — AUBY (FR), RUNNER-UP — PRODUCTIVE SYNERGY > SEE MORE P.157

150

9 — CASAR DE CÁCERES (ES), RUNNER-UP — QUESAR DE CÁCERES > SEE MORE P.160

industrial peak of the area, as a starting point for de-

THE INTERFACE OF NETWORKS changes the

veloping productive activities that could prolong the

functioning and relationships in the city and territory

development of Auby and connect it closely with the

by reorganizing or re/establishing networks (traffic,

canal. The winning project in Selb, Scherben bringen

environmental). New relationships between activities

Glück (Shards Bring Good Fortune) (fig. 2), establish-

create new spaces, identities, synergise existing

es even closer relations with the future development

activities and generate new ones.

of the site and the skills on-site, as it ties the skills of

The winning proposal La Charca de la Abundancia

porcelain making and material sciences as a focal point

in Casar de Cáceres (fig. 5), takes environment and

for developing a new part of Selb with a recognizable

its boundlessness to dissolve linear networks into a

identity and mixed-use of production (creative work

mesh of connections that, through participation and

and living). It also uses

collaboration, mixes landscape, living and industry

the formal relationship

into a new living environment. It is a similar approach

of cross-border be-

to the special mention proposal, Ithaka (fig. 6) at the

friended cities Selb and

same site, where blue and green networks, gradual

Aš (Czech Republic) as

transformation and local initiatives create informal

an interface, which man-

meshes of different speeds and content. Confronted

ifests itself in an annual

with completely different conditions, the winning team

event at the site. On the

in Halmstad proposes in the project Connection Hub

same site the special

(fig. 7), a network element that is clearly set out in order

mention, S ­ elbstgemacht

to stich diverse parts of the city centre together and

(fig. 3), uses the knowl-

strengthens its identity.

New relationships between activities create new spaces, identities, synergise existing activities and generate new ones

edge and activity of farm-

ing and gardening, and creates, through phytoremedi-

THE INTERFACE OF FLOWS —material flows

ation, a new urban space, revaluating the city around

or temporal flows, as in managed and designed

it. The ex aequo runner-up project in Auby, Grey Matter

processes— performs a process-based solution,

(fig. 4), sees intergenerational living and the redefinition

dealing either with the process of transformation of

of productive life as an interface of meaningful devel-

artefacts/object/materials (cradle to cradle) or with

opment in Auby.

the processes of the gradual transformation of the


site, which are determined by a set of principles of

Métropolis métabolisme (fig. 11), sees the process of the

participation and not by formal goals.

development of the site – from ecoremediation to local

The other ex aequo runner-up project in Auby,

participation and management as the safeguard against

Productive Synergy (fig. 8), suggests implementing

gentrification and favouring equitable development.

a local currency (flow of money in the community), resource management (flow of material) and community

THE INTERFACE OF FRAMEWORKS focusses a lot

houses (flow of knowledge through sharing of skills

of attention on processes of spatial development; it

and teaching/learning) to ensure the community-

nevertheless does not propose abstract rules, but rather

based development. In Casar de Cásares, the runner-

built implementations that ensure the start and direction

up project, Quesar de Cáceres (fig. 9), takes up the

of a process of re/development without defining a

material (and knowledge) flow and turns the whole

formal or programmatic outcome. Often this framework

process of the production of cheese —from feed

acts as an identity in generating an entity.

production to animal husbandry, all the way to the final

This approach is evident in the winning proposal for

product and waste management— into a generator of

Rotterdam‘s Brainpark I, Team Brainpark (fig. 12), that

new productive spaces that effect the development of

sets a robust frame of plot division, with a set of simple

the city. Augmented Materials (fig. 10), the runner-up

principles and well-defined public space (ecologically

project in Floirac, bases the development of the site

performative park) that could generate long term

on the activities of transforming biobased building

focused development of the site. Although it’s close to a

materials (reuse, recycling, upcycling) into a local

masterplan, the proposal is open ended but still ensures

economy which is tightly coupled with skills and

clear spatial and programmatic qualities. One of the

craftsmanship (this shows that interfaces are very much

two special mention projects in Romainville, L.A.B.S

interrelated). In Romainville the runner-up proposal,

[Landscape Active Binding Stripes] (fig. 13) and in

151

10 — FLOIRAC (FR), RUNNER-UP — AUGMENTED MATERIALS > SEE MORE P.164

12 — ROTTERDAM BRAINPARK I (NL), WINNER — TEAM BRAINPARK > SEE MORE P.175

11 — ROMAINVILLE (FR), RUNNER-UP — MÉTROPOLIS MÉTABOLISME > SEE MORE P.171

13 — ROMAINVILLE (FR), SPECIAL MENTION — L.A.B.S > SEE MORE P.172


Rotterdam Brainpark I, Elegy for the Office Park (fig. 14),

which takes over the structure of the overpass, assigned

are dealing with very different sites in a similar way,

for demolition, and develops it as a starting point and an

using a precise structure of land development (linear

identification anchor around (under, upon, besides…)

strips originating from

Built implementations that ensure the start and direction of a process of re/development without defining a formal or programmatic outcome

which diverse new uses and buildings are proposed.

the existing condition at the location) that

The topic “Interface” can be seen as a development

define programmatic

device to condense and better understand the

and spatial qualities,

possibilities that proposals envisage. Their complexity

but allow unplanned

and thoughtfulness escapes the confines of this

relationships

singular topic and the approach remains limited. It

established by the

should hopefully remain valuable in its scope to show

occupants of the sites.

what kind of approaches are at our disposal to deal

The winning proposal

within the topic and with the sites of the productive city

in Floirac, Souys-Lab

that should become liveable, equitable, resourceful,

(fig. 15), uses the

resilient and sustainable.

architectural framework of six different scales of implementations and six programmatic roles. They occupy secure diverse development in conjunction with site management, which coordinates them all. In Romainville, such an architectural framework itself is found by the second team special mention, Bridging Productivities (fig. 16),

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14 — ROTTERDAM BRAINPARK I (NL), SPECIAL MENTION — ELEGY FOR THE OFFICE PARK > SEE MORE P.176

15 — FLOIRAC (FR), WINNER — SOUYS-LAB > SEE MORE P.163

16 — ROMAINVILLE (FR), SPECIAL MENTION — BRIDGING PRODUCTIVITIES > SEE MORE P.172



AUBY (FR) PROJECT SCALE — L/S – urban + architecture /

STRATEGIC SITE — 26 ha / PROJECT SITE — 2.5 ha

architecture + context

SITE PROPOSED BY — City of Auby

LOCATION — Auby, Douaisis greater intercommunal area,

OWNER OF THE SITE — City of Auby

Nord-Pas de Calais Mining Basin

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Urban studies,

POPULATION — 7,600 inhab.

urban and/or architectural mastery projects

FREDDY KACZMAREK — Mayor of Auby 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The initial objective is to include the canal into the city, so that it is no longer seen as an obstacle between the North of the municipality and the city centre. For that, there was an imperative: find a destination and a use for the tens of hectares around. Land ownership is communal; this is an asset. These lands used to host industrial activity; then, they became fallow lands; and today, as they are close to the train station, they have potentially become a development issue in connection with the metropolitan peri-urbanization in Lille in search of solutions. For the municipality, the equation of the virtuous circle was then written as follows: densification — contribution of solvent population — commercial dynamics — land resources. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

Conditions have changed. 150 years ago, the industry occupied 154

a virgin space, of low population density. Today the population is there, with its characteristics linked to poverty that 40 years of city policy and economic development have not been able to erase. Consequently, the challenge is to build a new future with this same population, the morphology and the assets. Leave people and places. To us, one of the keys to success is to rely on their needs, their practices and help them develop a circular economy that goes beyond the job/unemployment and work/wage division. The municipality must be able to generate its own sources of development. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN COMPETITION?

The objective is to bring the partners together in a steering committee, the city having staff dedicated to the project. The population will continue to be associated through participatory workshops.


Extractions, from Source to Resources AUTHOR(S) — Amandine Martin (FR), Céline Tutcu (FR),

CONTACT — atelier-ine

Faustine Pauchet (FR), Justine Labérenne (FR), Architects

52 rue de Douai, 59000 Lille (FR)

AUBY (FR) — WINNER

+33 611745268 / ine.architecture@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The story of Auby combines together

all the problems of the productive city: when industry developed in the region, it was mainly the rural population who found work in this burgeoning sector. Afterwards, as more workers arrived in Auby, construction began on the mining cities. Today, the situation in Auby is the opposite: while the factories have closed one after the other, the accommodation remains, although unfortunately, and there is not enough employment for the entire population. Is it time for Auby and its coal mining area to reverse the paternalistic history by exploring the potential of accommodation and become both attractive and productive? Including existing dynamics, the mode of operation makes it possible to build a bespoke city, tailored to the inhabitants and their skills. JURY POINT OF VIEW — Uniting urban renewal and employment

policies, the project offers a concrete illustration of development intimately linked to the idea of productive heritage. The project proposes a modus operandi based on experiments linked in space and time and integrating the rehabilitation of older housing.

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Grey Matter 156

AUBY (FR) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Matthieu Boustany (FR), Benoist Desfonds (FR),

CONTACT — 9 avenue de Taillebourg, 75011 Paris (FR)

Elida Mosquera (ES), Architects;

Ladegårdsgaten 37, 5033 Bergen (NO)

Jérôme Picard (FR), Architect, urbanist

+33 678453711 (FR) / +47 91629138 (NO)

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Peeraya Suphasidh (TH), Architect

contact@local-eu.com / www.local-eu.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — What if a more ‘productive’ life in the city

had more to do with the idea of being ‘meaningful’? What if the notion of productivity were not focused on the youth, but overcoming a fortuitous age segregation and focus on the senior? The Urban Loop in Auby brings this together in a framework harnessing the effort made and other needed around the idea of age-integration and health. With new streetscapes, intergenerational housing that is partly self-managed facilitates access to learning, voluntary work, crafts, continue or start businesses, support research in synergy with regional actors and the youth. A forward-looking public/private institute sharing functions and creating mutual value and synergy. The masterplan comes to support and grow the offer of living in a meaningful city. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The team attacks the common cliché that

activity and productivity belong solely to youth and criticizes the segregation of seniors that consigns them to isolation, passivity and dependence. A remarkable proposal from this session, it reminds us that a productive city can also be inclusive.


Productive Synergy

AUBY (FR) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Ariane Jean Marie Désirée (FR), Architect;

CONTACT — 18 rue Rampal, 75019 Paris (FR)

Grégoire Simonin (FR), Architect-engineer

+33 626108923 arianejmd@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — “Productive Synergy” aims to address

Auby’s urban regeneration problematic through sustainable mechanisms applied to the environment, the housing, production and mobility. Our approach is based on a process in which the people, solidarity and the land are the basic resources. Three production factors will act in conjunction to generate this synergy: a local currency to value the latent productions; a Ressourcerie to promote re-use in an urban community; and a network of community houses to connect people as a third place. These production factors create a global and local ecosystem. The urban contextualization of the productive process will positively affect Auby’s living environment and renew its attractiveness. JURY POINT OF VIEW — Although modest in form, the proposal

is a great catalyst for the use of local material, immaterial and human resources. Recycling in the broadest sense of the term in a small town that is reinventing forms of proximity participates in regenerating social networks and a shared economy.

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CASAR DE CÁCERES (ES) PROJECT SCALE — L – urban + architecture

PROJECT SITE — 8.8 ha

LOCATION — Casar de Cáceres,

SITE PROPOSED BY — Directorate General of Architecture,

La Charca del hambre industrial estate

Regional Government of Extremadura

POPULATION — 4,532 inhab.

OWNER OF THE SITE — Public and private ownership

STRATEGIC SITE — 255 ha

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Urban development project

Regional Government of Extremadura and City of Casar de Cáceres — 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The main goal is the design and implementation of a new sustainable production model that will enhance the existing systems, contribute to local progress, help stabilise the population and address the new demands due to the current configuration of an unplanned estate built in a natural open woodland in the 1960s. The proposed model should contemplate ideas concerned with making this a multipurpose space, improving access, respect for and adaptation to the surrounding natural environment, and intensifying the relationship between the industrial estate, the holiday home area and the town centre. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

The site is a backbone for the “Charca del Hambre” Industrial Estate in Casar de Cáceres. It follows the alignment of Highway N-630, 158

which connects the North and South of Western Spain. This industrial area, characterized by the presence of small and medium-size companies of a diverse nature, is a valuable asset for territorial competitiveness and an opportunity for local development. The companies to be installed here will contribute to the technological, economic and social growth of the area. The potential of this industrial space is analysed in this context, with a view to drafting an urban development proposal that is environmentally sustainable, will improve the present conditions and attract new companies to set up business here. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN COMPETITION?

A working methodology has been defined for the Master Plan on the basis of the competition results, which will study and apply the detected constraints in the project area after agreeing on the contents with the municipality’s companies and residents. The necessary public participation process has consequently been established, where all the suggestions included in the winning proposal can be discussed in detail.


La Charca de la Abundancia

CASAR DE CÁCERES (ES) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Joaquín Millán Villamuelas (ES), Architect

CONTACT — OOIIO Arquitectura

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Martina Almela Sena (ES),

Paseo de San Illán, 47, 28019 Madrid (ES)

Agata Aurora Musumeci (IT), Kurvantai Zaitov (BE),

+34 912826219

Laura Dewinter (BE), Students in architecture

info@ooiio.com / www.ooiio.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The privileged natural environment of

the site, its landscape, the productive potential of its socio-cultural identity offers an extraordinary opportunity for regeneration. Over the years, urban planning has acted without any respect for the site’s main value and landscape. We propose a project made of the sum of many projects based on dialogue and participation, organized in phases that are self-correcting over time and experience. The main objective of every action will be to become the landscape, the protagonist of the environment again. We understand as landscape not only the natural values of a place, but also the cultural, economic and social aspects, among others. We want to build a landscape that is adapted to a wide variety of contemporary and future uses and productive elements. From hunger pond to plenty pond. JURY POINT OF VIEW — It is an ambitious yet realistic project.

It proposes a series of strategic lines for an integrated recovery of the area, implemented by means of specific policies and actions which set the pace for the process. The development proposed integrates strategies on different scales and a diversity of scenarios such as infrastructure, the roads, regulations, the cultural and educational sphere, etc. The economic, social and environmental factors affecting the area and its inhabitants are taken into account right from the start.

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Quesar de Cáceres 160

CASAR DE CÁCERES (ES) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Patricia Marin Arraiza (ES),

CONTACT — pmarraiza@gmail.com

Laia Prades Riera (ES),

laia.prades.riera@gmail.com

Eloi Ruana Gironès (ES), Architects

eloi.ruanagirones@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — “Quesar de Cáceres” is an industrial and

social eco-model that incorporates sustainability criteria, managing industrial and economic waste, generating new qualitative and urban jobs and improving the image of the city. It is a new economic model that reactivates the economy and attracts new population to the area, improving their quality of life. It is a new productive urban space, where the traditional idea of an industrial area is questioned. It is a place where different programs coexist, and at the same time a friendly and pleasant environment in which to live and where work is created. Thus, from the implementation of a complementary industry, we are able to build a hybrid between city, countryside and industry, ultimately an ecological city that is productive, and a better place to live. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The proposal has an open time frame

and is designed with different phases. It strives to reprogram the estate with eco-traditional industries. The development of the urban planning proposal over a 30-year time frame to convert the area into a cooperative, industrial and social park is extremely interesting, as is the ecological and economic nature of the approach. It strives to cover the whole range of scales from small specific actions to the territorial scale.


Ithaka

CASAR DE CÁCERES (ES) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Jorge Izquierdo Cubero (ES), Architect, urbanist;

Maarten C. Kempenaar (NL), Victoria Polanco Mora (ES), Architects

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — “Ithaka” is a journey. A process of

ecological transition using a time-resource based and social

INTEGRATED INFRASTRUCTURE SYSTEMS

inclusive implementation. A conciliatory strategy for the current productive model and its borders, resulting in a new sustainable nature-based model. The industrial estate “Charca del hambre” is located in the middle of the dehesa – a heterogeneous territorial ecosystem currently treated as ‘backside’. It is time to create true proximities: making living, nature and production mutually beneficial,

SPATIAL CONTINUITY IN RESIDUAL SPACES

diverse and inclusive. One “equal” ecosystem. Three pilot projects envision the journey ahead by integrating infrastructure, activating residual spaces as new connectors of the area, and public-private

COOPERATIVE PROCESS OF PRODUCTION

participation between stakeholders. Ensuring spatial continuity, productive symbioses and local cooperation.

Hybrid Landscapes

161 CASAR DE CÁCERES (ES) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Guillermo Gonzalez Tofiño (ES),

CONTACT — Tramontana 25, 4ºA, 28223 Pozuelo de Alarcón (ES)

Beatriz Nieto Rodriguez (ES),

+34 680940597

Architects

guillermogonzaleztofino@gmail.com / beatriznr@gmail.com hybridscapesarchitecture.wordpress.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The social and economic context of

“la España vacía” after the recent crisis makes design intervention strategies necessary, which improve the abandoned pre-existing industrial and productive areas. The project aims to re-industrialize the area by taking the economic, social, ecological and historical sustainability as key points that will vertebrate and guarantee the future development and lay the foundations of a 21st century industrial urbanization project. The project uses architecture to generate a city image where nature is interspersed with the industrial and urban landscape through the transformation of the roads into an authentic public space where commercial, industrial activities and the flows of visitors and workers intermingle, creating a kind of hybrid model.


FLOIRAC (FR) PROJECT SCALE — L – urban + architecture

SITE PROPOSED BY — Bordeaux Métropole

LOCATION — Floirac, Bordeaux Métropole, Bordeaux Euratlantic

(greater metropolitan Bordeaux), EPA Bordeaux Euratlantique

(OIN) urban planning operation of national interest / Floirac

(public development agency), City of Floirac,

Garonne Plain southern sector

Caisse des Dépôts, GPV Rive Droite

POPULATION — Floirac 17,000 inhab.

OWNER OF THE SITE — RTE (electricity distribution hub), EDF

STRATEGIC SITE — 200 ha

(Electricité de France), private owners

PROJECT SITE — 32 ha

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Conceptual studies, urban

planning and landscape management, project management

Maxime Derrien — Architect, urbanist, Grand Projet de Ville (GPV) Rive Droite 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The site is at the interface of the Rocade, the Parc des Coteaux and the Garonne. Yet, it is also historically isolated from the urban centre and constitutes an enclave away from the axes of urban development. However, it is rich in natural, human and economic resources, forming a productive ecosystem with high potential. It raises the question of its mutation in the light of the delivery of the Simone Veil bridge, which opens a common space to both banks and constitutes the opportunity to re-incorporate the site in the metropolitan territorial project along the Garonne.

162

2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

The plain on the right bank is rapidly changing with almost 13,000 housing units planned by 2030. Many challenges, notably economic, remain for current and future populations with a low level of qualification and a high unemployment rate. The objective is therefore to sanctify the economic vocation of Plaine Sud Garonne made up of craftsmen who transform materials, very small businesses that design ecological innovations, and energy players, like RTE or Airliquide; and to work on current economic land by proposing innovative solutions to intensify the productive city of the 21st century. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN COMPETITION?

Institutional actors converge on the launch of a guide plan mission to define the public action strategy. The winning team in particular proposed a project to develop the banks of the Garonne which requires adapting the studies in progress.


Souys-Lab AUTHOR(S) — Hélène Touche (FR), Antoine Musard (FR),

FLOIRAC (FR) — WINNER CONTACT — souyslab@gmail.com

Architects, urbanists

163

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Ophélie Touchard (FR),

Environmental planner

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — In a context of metropolitan development,

the Floirac location, between city-centre and periphery, is now central in the urban area of Bordeaux. Our project, “Souys-Lab”, based on the rich infrastructure and itineraries network leading to Floirac, reveals the full potential of the site. Roads and railways, flood zones, high-voltage lines are seen as opportunities to generate living areas, ecological and economic development. A new relationship with the river Garonne is pursued by gradually diverting the Souys Quay road traffic: the new docks become the banner of an innovative and collaborative ecosystem that hosts all scales of productive economy. Floirac therefore becomes part of Bordeaux’s metropolitan dynamics while claiming its singularity. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The team proposes a complete urban

reworking of the site to allow access to the Garonne. Doing away with the road along the riverbank frees up a lot of space for new uses. The proposed restructuring takes into account existing on-site businesses and retains property rights necessary for the establishment of new productive activities. The project identifies pathways and local habits tied to a parcel pattern typical of the Garonne plain.


Augmented Materials 164

FLOIRAC (FR) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Camille Ricard (FR), Etienne Henry (FR), Axel Adam (FR),

CONTACT — Collectif MOONWALKLOCAL

Lucas Geoffriau (FR), Xin Luo (FR), Architects

3 rue Ferbos, 33800 Bordeaux (FR)

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Sébastien Delpont (FR), Kathleen Boquet (FR), Engineers;

+33 557671624

Marc-Elian Duffrene (FR), Urbanist; Aurélien Ramos (FR), Landscaper

mwl@moonwalklocal.fr

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The Sud Garonne plains constitutes a high

potential industrial enclave in the city. To develop the economic and productive fabric, we offer a dynamic approach of the site that relies on the mobilization of “augmented materials”. With the construction of a Re-Use Parc and the establishment of the SUPERMATTER resourceful hub, the Bordeaux Metropole provides the territory with a tool to enhance the value of circular economy materials used to build the city together with a social and solidarity-based economy. Built in bio-based and re-used matter/material, it promotes artisan work and craftmanship in the city, encouraging a productionconsumption-recycling local cycle. In connection with the actors on site the district will develop synergies around environmental issues and waste reduction goals. JURY POINT OF VIEW — Once the physical or human “raw

materials” are identified, the team can put in place the tools of a circular economy and industrial ecology. The site becomes the demonstration of a productive ecosystem based on the sharing and recycling of materials, energy and know-how. It aims to optimize consumption and activate short circuits by working with companies on site, particularly in the building and construction sector.


New Mythology

FLOIRAC (FR) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Morgan Baufils (FR),

CONTACT — 21 rue Saumenude, 33800 Bordeaux (FR)

Hugues Hernandez (FR),

+33 642094802

Ariane Marty (FR), Architects

hugues.hernandez@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The project seeks to set up a singular

imaginary to the site. Based on its physical, cultural and architectural characteristics, the project sets out to accentuate different site aspects and to associate them with new productive forms. New programs take places in forms that echo the shore history or the functions on the South Garonne plains, defending the idea that forms of development must make sense and contribute to the establishment of shared cultural objects with the aim of creating a territorial mythology. By claiming their identification, these objects will become urban landmarks facilitating the location within the South Garonne plains.

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HALMSTAD (SE) PROJECT SCALE — L – urban + architecture

SITE PROPOSED BY — City of Halmstad

LOCATION — Halmstad, Central Station area

OWNER OF THE SITE — City of Halmstad

POPULATION — 100,000 inhab.

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Detailed development plan

STRATEGIC SITE — 180 ha / PROJECT SITE — 14 ha

and development of new Central Station

City of Halmstad — 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The vison for Halmstad is to become a regional centre. To succeed the city needs to develop its urban qualities, not least as a destination for knowledge and events. Besides, the population is expected to grow from 100,000 to 150,000 residents by 2050. The main goals of the site mutation are to develop the Halmstad Central Station area into a modern transportation hub and to strengthen the identity of the city of Halmstad. Other goals are to bridge existing barriers, to tie the city together (physically and mentally), and to fill a void in the city structure by creating a new attractive and safe area within the city with its own urban identity. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

The creation of the new urban hub will contribute to Halmstad’s mobility infrastructure and facilitate transfers through accessible and safe public areas. It will affect logistics, trade and other services and facilitate production. This development project is also an opportunity 166

to enhance the city centre with additional productive functions, such as workplaces and education. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN COMPETITION?

The process will start in spring of 2020 with the creation of a rough structural plan of the area indicating land-use, connections to and across the area and the location of important functions such as the transport hub. After that, more detailed planning begins. This process will more thoroughly investigate the conditions of the area. The detailed planning will set the final development frame for the transformation. We aim to start the first building projects in 2024.


Connection Hub

HALMSTAD (SE) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Théau Langlois (FR), Maja Dylin (SE),

CONTACT — Kanozi Arkitekter

Humda Malik (GB), Architects

Västerlånggatan 75, 11129 Stockholm (SE) +46 8221890 / info@kanozi.se / www.kanozi.se

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The proposal’s primary development

strategy is to increase mobility and create spaces for people to meet. Using the site’s proximity to the city, the cultural trail and Halmstad university gives the site great potential to become a hub for movement, activity and life. The densification of the area with housing, program-specific structures and designed public spaces will increase the activity and the attractiveness of the area. The strategy aims to create physical and social connections that stitch both sides of the city. By bridging barriers and giving easy access to all parts of the city, the proposal should provide a sustainable development plan that encourages and facilitates further growth of the city with high levels of social integration. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project manages to solve a complex

situation in a seemingly simple way. It has found the right location and form for the travel centre. The building itself is an interesting combination of architecture and infrastructure. It looks like a modern station house. The building has the potential to become a new signature building for Halmstad and it is important that it does not lose its character in continued development. The project has great opportunities to become a good environment for travellers.

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Walking Halmstad 168

HALMSTAD (SE) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Piotr Wisniowski (PL), Architect;

CONTACT — Bantorget 4, 22229 Lund (SE)

Joachim Heinz (DE), Karl Fredrik Bengtsson (SE),

piotr@jakobssonpusterla.com

Soheil Shahnazari (IR), Students in architecture

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Halmstad appears as a divided city.

The main divisions drag from North to South due to the Nissan river and the railroad tracks. However, the project site itself is also tattered. Public spaces are interrupted by traffic. The “Walking Halmstad” proposal aims to provide a variety of interventions that create a continuous urban tissue and give priority to pedestrians and bikes. The new walkable area encloses the old city centre at Stora Torget, an extended shopping street along Fredsgatan, a new square with railway crossing and amphitheatre, a promenade along an exciting hybrid building combining both parking and spaces for local businesses, Stationparken with a market hall in the old station building, and finally, the new travel centre with freshly activated Studentparken. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project shows the location and

importance of the site in Halmstad. It wants to solidify the connection of the location to the rest of the city. The strength of “Walking Halmstad” lies in the treatment of public spaces. The railway park expands in an interesting way and a large urban space is created on the western side of the railway. The situation at Fredsgatan is solved nicely.


#Stationsstaden

HALMSTAD (SE) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Olle Johnsson (SE), Elias Sandberg (SE),

CONTACT — Vänortsgatan 25, 43160 Mölndal (SE)

Maurits van Ardenne (NL), Saga Karlsson (SE), Architects;

+46 722333665

Tim Johanson (SE), Project developer

olle.johnsson@outlook.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Stationsstaden, Halmstad’s new urban

district, is complementary to the existing city centre. The Northern part consists of a new travel hub where it is easy to transfer between sustainable transportations. The Southern part of Stationsstaden becomes a new living room for Halmstad’s citizens, a place for recreation and social gathering all year around. The hashtag (#) found in the urban structure helps explain the idea of the new district and how it relates to other parts of the city. It also symbolizes today’s online society and makes Stationsstaden a place in both the physical and digital world.

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ROMAINVILLE (FR) PROJECT SCALE — L – urban + architecture

PROJECT SITE — 2.7 ha

LOCATION — City of Romainville, Ormes

SITE PROPOSED BY — City of Romainville

and Chemin Vert neighbourhoods

OWNER OF THE SITE — City of Romainville, Department 93

POPULATION — 26,000 inhab.

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Urban development guide,

STRATEGIC SITE — 15 ha

orientation scheme, architectural intervention

City of Romainville — 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The site today is made up of abandoned urban residents awaiting the arrival of the tram; it constitutes a major level for the development of a new “piece of the city” combining new forms of urban activity associated with housing programming, and a greening of public space favouring the emergence of new uses. This site must be able to bring out synergies that will ensure connections to the different centralities of the metropolitan East. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

The stake of multifunctionality on the site must allow an economic revitalization of the sector while providing answers to the particularities. It is a question of inventing new modalities of articulation between economic activities and life spaces. The longawaited arrival of the tram in this suburban district is an opportunity to imagine the urban form of the district, a new public space that is 170

the vector of connections and of exchanges. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN COMPETITION?

The city has a voluntary policy in favour of co-construction with the inhabitants. We conducted a preliminary consultation phase in 2018 in order to set the conditions for the acceptability of an urban project. The validation of the density and functional programming objectives, the presence of amenity green spaces and the greening of public spaces are invariants of the project. A second concertation phase is planned for early 2020 to allow the teams selected by the jury to exhibit their work to the residents and define common working methods.


Métropolis métabolisme

ROMAINVILLE (FR) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Roméo Sanséau (FR), Clémence Estrada (FR),

CONTACT — Agence formalocal: atelier@formalocal.com

Architects, urbanists

www.formalocal.com

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Masami Charlotte Lavault (FR),

clemence.estrada@gmail.com

Flower farmer

Plein Air flower farm: contact@pleinair.paris

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Our instinct of young architects and

planners leads us to consider some sorts of hybrid development like possibilities and wealth. From the destruction of a highway section we intend to create a productive hub that will be essential in the development of Est Ensemble. The environment will be rebuilt with the local community against the background of the indelible topographical mark of the missing highway. The development will take place in 3 stages: the stage of the soil, a decontamination to give birth to a land reserve with fertile potentials, and a Consultation Public Workshop, involving the inhabitants at the heart of the project; the stage of the arrival of the tramway network, with the creation of a park and a logistic warehouse; and stage 3, dedicated to an architectural scale, medium of local production’s exchange. TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The team champions an experimental

process project related to the highway overpass demolition and soil decontamination. This project proceeds in several stages: establishment of a temporary platform for the treatment of materials from the A186 and a public workshop on urban transformations; it then becomes a logistics base and “free thinking park”; and finally is a “productive interchange” that combines recycling and social economy. Faced with the complexity of a constricted site, a project for an adaptable inventive park, public consultation support and a longterm procedure of appropriation.

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Bridging Productivities

ROMAINVILLE (FR) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Sascha Bauer (DE), Architect and Heritage evaluator;

CONTACT — STUDIO CROSS SCALE

Jonas Mattes (DE), Jannis Haueise (DE), Ender Cicek (DE),

Sophienstr. 24b, 70178 Stuttgart (DE)

Students in architecture and urban planning

info@studiocrossscale.com

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Larisa Petrescu (RU), Student in architecture and urban planning

www.studiocrossscale.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — A productive and inclusive city uses its

diversity to develop a breeding ground for any future development or action. We ask the question of spatial requirements for interaction and adequate change. We reflect on the role of public space and want to discuss its potential in our built environment. The proposal connects different layers of the area. A local key issue is the existing highway overpass as a binding element between existing and new identities. The bridge provides public spaces with various qualities and the money saved from demolition costs is directly reinvested into local potentials. A pattern extracted from the current fabric is extended across the new site evolving to larger mixed-use typologies closer to the new tramway line.

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L.A.B.S

ROMAINVILLE (FR) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Catherine Gascon (FR), Architect

CONTACT — ilimelgo architects

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Héloïse de Broissia (FR), Félicie Botton (FR),

57 rue de Lancry, 75010 Paris (FR)

Asya Yilmaz Lemerle (FR), Karine Bergevin (FR), Architects;

+33 143387946

Anaël maulay (FR), Urbanist

www.ilimelgo.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — What inspires us? The desire to pay

attention to the “place”, with kindness. Repair, heal the wounds and re-enchant! We dream of poetry and appeasement. What is our intention? Above all, re-establish a dialogue, between the neighbourhood, between the people who live there, and establish, if possible, a framework for a fertile conversation, to reflect together… Working on various scales, on the notion of the interfaces. Venturing into a form of “urban maieutic”. Opposing the “artificial soil” with the “natural soil”, so that it can regenerate over time. This is what makes us dream! What makes us dream? Create a “productive village”, like a lakeside town posed delicately on the “natural” urban state. A city balancing gracefully between urbanity and wilderness.



ROTTERDAM BRAINPARK I (NL) PROJECT SCALE — L – urban + architecture

OWNER OF THE SITE — Public and private ownership

LOCATION — Rotterdam, Brainpark I

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Design (or research-by-design)

POPULATION — 650,000 inhab.

assignment on implementation on the site

STRATEGIC SITE — 101.6 ha / PROJECT SITE — 17.9 ha

(or a site with similar characteristics) commissioned by the

SITE PROPOSED BY — Municipality of Rotterdam

Municipality of Rotterdam and/or private partners

Europan Nederland — 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

Brainpark I is an isolated office area in eastern Rotterdam. It was built around the 1990s to accommodate spinouts of the adjacent Erasmus University, inspired by “productive parks” like MIT in Cambridge. Situated between the A16 motorway and Kralingse Zoom, an important regional public transport hub, it is easily accessible. It is in the vicinity of remarkably green public areas, powerful institutions and attractive neighbourhoods. It clearly has a high-potential profile. Nevertheless, it is currently characterized by rather traditional businesses with no link to the knowledge infrastructure, relatively small and some vacant buildings, and public space that lacks activity. The challenge is to develop a densification strategy that unlocks the productive potential of the site, setting the transformation in motion from a monofunctional business area along the motorway to a healthy, vital and interactive work-and-live milieu. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

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The City of Rotterdam seeks opportunities in the combination of accommodating its growth and boosting the next economy with vibrant places of interaction. For Brainpark I, there is a twofold spatial strategy. On the one hand, densifying the area with innovative work-home housing typologies, using the potential of the public transport hub and dealing with the challenging environmental issues on site (such as car noise and highway emissions). On the other, strengthening interaction milieus by creating high-quality public space and places to work and live, and more importantly by creating the right mix of functions. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN COMPETITION?

Characteristic of Rotterdam is the credo “making city together”. Municipality, market parties, corporations and other enthusiastic city makers are working together to build a productive, inclusive, healthy, circular and compact city. In order to put their money where their mouth is, the parties involved are now trying to actually bring the rich harvest of Europan 15 one step closer to realization, together with the winning teams. To this end, a workshop programme is established, in which thinking and doing go hand in hand. First leading questions for Brainpark I: The most important challenge for this location is to provide it with a new identity. The mixed ownership and the risk of fragmented developments make this complex. The stakes are to create common interest. Good connections are an important condition for the development of Brainpark I as residential area. We aim for a small and quick intervention that can give a view on future quality and improve the connection with the surrounding areas.


Team Brainpark

ROTTERDAM BRAINPARK I (NL) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Wouter Keizer (NL), Ule Koopmans (NL), Architects

CONTACT — Keizer Koopmans

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Douwe Strating (NL), Architect;

Asterweg 17-11, 1031HL Amsterdam (NL)

Lieke de Jong (NL), Landscaper;

+31 629469956

Anna Dekker (NL), sociologist

wouter@keizerkoopmans.com / www.keizerkoopmans.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — With high density and vibrant city life as

a goal and sustainable urban development as a must, we propose to make the best of both worlds in close proximity. A dense, multifunctional city is organized compactly around a vast public park. We propose a minimal change to the existing layout and focus on the border of public versus private in order to team up with the different stakeholders of the park. The top-down focus of the masterplan lies on a strong landscape element marking the border of the park. In order to prevent the high density of Brainpark to become an urban heat-island, the different plots work together in redirecting rainwater to the central park where it is stored and used. The park acts as a veritable urban ‘air conditioner’ for the whole district. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project presents a prominent structure

with large windows that borders the park. This makes a strong statement: the park, a public green lung, must be preserved and remain accessible. This powerful intervention gives the plan a strong identity. Thanks to its clear boundaries the park remains car-free and becomes a quiet, green oasis.

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Building upon Brainpark

ROTTERDAM BRAINPARK I (NL) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Kevin Westerveld (NL), Nima Morkoc (NL),

CONTACT — Eendrachtsweg 33a, 3012 LC Rotterdam (NL)

Lars Kloeg (NL), Hedwig van der Linden (NL), Architects

+31 629431766 kevinwesterveld1@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — A new spatial identity is already created

by building on, next to, op top of, between, and on the edge of the existing physical and social structures of Brainpark. One can argue that the park had no identity before, a generic business park next to a highway like many others. Demolishing the whole site and starting over is a first instinct until one realizes that by doing so, it would create the exact same area. Therefore one should build upon Brainpark. We propose to build upon Brainpark with a consciousness towards ownership in all phases of the redevelopment, creating a productive area in the city of Rotterdam.

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Elegy for the Office Park

ROTTERDAM BRAINPARK I (NL) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Andrea Bit (IT), Maciej Wieczorkowski (PL),

CONTACT — Insulindestraat 173a1, 3038JM Rotterdam (NL)

Architects;

+31 644507121

Robert van der Pol (NL), Landscaper

office@dividual.eu / www.dividual.eu info@liminaloffice.com / www.liminaloffice.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The current format of the office park

does not meet the demands of today’s working trends, causing the typology to lose relevance in the city. In order to provide an adaptable and flexible environment with a clear identity we propose to switch the design focus from the object on the plane to the plane itself. A managerial system of stripes divides the area into smaller pieces that can be developed and programmed with different uses, including offices, housing, commerce, education and leisure. By combating the string of separate, inward-oriented islands of buildings and companies occupying the site today, the stripes add diversity, identity, productivity and programming, and at the same time maintain a main direction that creates cohesion and a new identity for the entire area.



SELB (DE) PROJECT SCALE — L – urban + architecture

SITE PROPOSED BY — City of Selb

LOCATION — Selb, Station area

OWNER OF THE SITE — City of Selb, private owners

POPULATION — 15,000 inhab.

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Commission for an urban design

STRATEGIC SITE — 65.7 ha / PROJECT SITE — 6.6 ha

(depending on the quality of the projects)

City of Selb — 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The goal of the competition task was to redesign and restructure the undefined and unqualified area around the station, considering that the city of Selb will host the Bavarian-Czech friendship weeks in 2023. Thus, the definition of the arrival situation at the station and the link to the inner city were important parts of the task. Additionally, the area has a potential to create a project with new and contemporary housing forms that are needed in Selb. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE LINKED TO THE TOPIC “PRODUCTIVE CITIES”? HOW DO YOU DEFINE THE THEME “PRODUCTIVITY”?

The city Selb has a long tradition in production. The manufacturing of porcelain has left many traces in the city and the development of both —the city and the porcelain production— are deeply interwoven. Besides the porcelain, there are many more production companies located in Selb. Today, the city needs integrated production spaces, especially for smaller companies.

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3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN COMPETITION?

We planned three workshops to transform the competition results into a specific planning task. Additionally, the implementation of part of the project until the Bavarian-Czech friendship weeks in 2023 could be possible.


Scherben bringen Glück

SELB (DE) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Dr. Simon Gehrmann (DE), Architect, urbanist;

CONTACT — Darmstadt (DE)

Roderich Essmann (DE), Robin Thomae (DE),

r-essmann@gmx.de / margarita.vollmer96@web.de /

Margarita Vollmer (DE), Students in architecture

robin_th@hotmail.de / gehrmann@stadt.tu-darmstadt.de

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The project represents an extension for the

future development of the city of Selb, which is currently dominated by the construction of an outlet to stimulate consumption The design focuses on the creation of a specialized educational site, taking up the city’s heritage of the porcelain industry as well as the citizens’ experiences and knowledge about ceramics. Two core elements shape the area around a unique “magnet” —the productive heart becomes the centre of life for researchers, students and residents with new forms of work and housing in research labs and studio houses. The promenade of friendship gathers the inhabitants and stimulates exchange and lingering. The core elements of the project offer the opportunity to host events for the Friendship Weeks between Selb (DE) and Asch (CZ) 2023. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The team proposes a conceptual approach

of understanding the train station site at a central location in the city as a productive heart and thus once again gives it the important function of facilitating encounters, production, and spending time. The programmatic offer with a balanced mix of production, housing, exhibitions, and services is considered suitable. The concentration and spatial link with mobility providers in one hub on the eastern part of the site also seems convincing. Creating a green space to the north is welcomed as a spatial and functional supplement and transition to the residential area.

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Selbstgemacht AUTHOR(S) — Alberto Montiel Lozano (ES),

CONTACT — Ludwigstrasse 46, 70176 Stuttgart (DE)

Pedro de la Torre Prieto (ES), Architects

+49 15756625564

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — David Belmonte García (ES), Architect

albertomontiellozano@gmail.com / www.albertomontiel.es

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The town of Selb is the perfect example

of a post-industrial European town. The once on the outskirts industrial area has lost its activity and now stands in between the historic town centre and the suburbs, generating an urban void and a barrier. Reusing the old facilities to generate new urban spaces, proposing new ecological strategies to remove the contamination, reconnecting the surrounding areas (city centre, suburbs, park) and filling the urban voids with new activities and housing to attract new inhabitants to Selb will be the main goal of this project. A planned strategic development in time and the cooperation of the neighbours of Selb will be essential to make this plan successful.

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SELB (DE) — SPECIAL MENTION



3/ IMPLAN 182

The challenge for cities to be both productive and sustainable is to interlink resources, mobilities and conditions of fairness. There are two aspects that implant new dynamics or reactivate resources such as urban farming and educational, research or creative forces: productive milieus and productive uses.


NTING 183

3/A Productive uses Uses can become productive if they go beyond their own functional limitations: productive uses work as a trigger that can initiate dynamics of change in a way that transforms the surrounding environment. They are a response to a situation in which an absence of dynamics has led to a powerful «use-ambition», the demand for a credible programme, a catalyst for change that fits smoothly into the existing context. ANALYSIS ARTICLE: Types and Fields Julio de la Fuente (ES) — Architect and urbanist

184

Innsbruck (AT)

188

Uddevalla (SE)

206

Oliva (ES)

192

Verbania (IT)

210

Pays de Dreux (FR)

198

Visby (SE)

214

Rotterdam Groot IJsselmonde (NL) 202

Wien (AT)

218


Types and Fields Analysis article by Julio de la Fuente (ES) — Architect, urbanist and co-founder of Gutiérrez-delaFuente Arquitectos in Madrid www.gutierrez-delafuente.com

184

…I lived in one of the most distinguished streets... In the

Types tackle the issue of implanting believable

house in which I was living, sugar was boiled, which

productive uses from hybrid artefacts associated with

created a lot of activity, both night and day… My next-

small-medium scale architecture and linked to the

door neighbor to the right was a goldsmith and, to

public and collective space to conclude mixed-use

the left, lived a coppersmith. It is easy to imagine the

urban fragments. Types are a strong device to host

frantic activities of the carpenters all day long, but the

innovative programs and stress the latent potential of

hammering and tapping… Right opposite me lived a

uses for a new dynamic to come in action.

spur maker…

Fields are related to frameworks of different kinds:

The German poet Johann Rist provided us with this

political, socio-economical, spatial, infra­structural or

description of urban life in Hamburg in the middle of

nat­ural. The field condition of use is explored to generate

the 17 century.

coalitions to trigger prosperity and equity, negotiating

Nowadays, many territories are willing to take that level

the interest of owners, investors, and communities,

of intensity and real mix of uses, including productive

as well as creating new circular environments at

activities. But could we consider the artisan component

different scales.

th

of the pre-industrial city as the solution to improve our environments in the digital age? How to anchor the uses

TYPES

of the next economy to an existing urban tissue or a

Support and Infill

rural area adding local values and inclusiveness?

What are the specific uses to implant on a place as

According to Richard Florida, “the urban/rural economic

mediators between “the need and the wish”? The

success is associated with the 3T’s: Technology,

real need of a place versus the provocative wish to

Talent and Tolerance”. The proposals included in this

use ambition. Both poles are often included at the

paper try to define the processes to create a high

same time in a single proposal thanks to open and

degree of acceptance of new credible uses. But

flexible spatial configurations to drive a programmatic

which are the methods on the fabrication of these

evolution, following John Habraken’s ideas to separate

tolerance thresholds?

the physical infrastructure of buildings into “support

There are two main attitudes found bet­w een the

and infill”.

awarded entries to deal with this notion of tolerance:

Happy Valley (fig. 1), one of the runners-up in Innsbruck

types and fields.

(AT), draws a hub of dense activity along the river Inn,

1 — INNSBRUCK (AT), RUNNER-UP — HAPPY VALLEY > SEE MORE P.189

2 — OLIVA (ES), RUNNER-UP — EVEN A BRICK WANTS TO BE SOMETHING > SEE MORE P.194


3 — WIEN (AT), WINNER — CAPABILITY MOUNT > SEE MORE P.219

4 — UDDEVALLA (SE), SPECIAL MENTION — PLANT UDDEVALLA > SEE MORE P.209

5 — OLIVA (ES), WINNER — PRODUCTIVE MEMORIES > SEE MORE P.193 with a series of artefacts to be colonized on time with

organized around the tuna auction hall.

a well-being oriented mixed-use program led by the

The winners in Wien (AT), Capability Mound (fig. 3),

food industry. These “supports” are attached to public

propose a LAB to define a new urban identity capable

space and linked to the main local agencies —the

of catalysing mixed situations, where production,

university and the

distribution, consumption, and housing happen

hospital— to ensure

simultaneously in a natural environment. “A linear hof”

the programmatic feed

promotes the spectacular void of logistics —referred

in the future.

by Nina Rappaport in “Vertical Urban Factory”—

A collection of empty

as the necessary condition to involve the collective in

spaces is present in

the cycles of production, consumption, and recycling.

Even a Brick Wants to

The banal spatial conditions of logistics are subverted

Be Something (fig. 2),

to become the spine of the scheme.

r u n n e r- u p i n O l i v a

On another scale, the special mention in Uddevalla

The memory of a place, its former natural and productive resources, can be powerful tools to attract new economic dynamics

(ES). The power of

(SE), Plant Uddevalla (fig. 4), starts a process of

emptiness is stressed

regeneration through the land restoration of invisible

as a design driver in

landscapes by planting trees with a new environmental

the preservation of the existing industrial warehouses

sensibility. The first step is a greenhouse (a tree nursery)

with an atmospheric and sensitive approach. The

that provokes a new imaginary of the collective and a

refurbishment of the dryers and brick factories supports

vision of a production facility for the 21st century. Could

a productive scheme that is looking for the coexistence

a warehouse be as memorable as a library?

of sleeping uses at Rajolars. The paradox between density and emptiness is reviewed through a new

FIELDS

relationship with the public sphere.

Memory of Productive Landscapes The memory of a place, its former natural and

Richness of the Productive Uses

productive resources, can be powerful tools to attract

A new reading of productive activities as logistics,

new economic dynamics. Agricultural production

manufacturing or farming, could trigger the production

and food manufacturing can be smoothly integrated

of hybrid scenarios. Recoding the complexity of

into an ecological vision of a territory, managing the

everydayness is a tool to explore the potential of very

different seasonal cycles, as in the tourism industry.

specialized uses. The role of the collective space arises

Some teams are dealing with different potential scales

as a referee for a better balance between production

of superimposition of new proximities, as a cascade of

and consumption. The current cultural shift towards

metabolic loops.

the “local” and the technological context allows new

The winning team in Oliva (ES), Productive Memories

visibility conditions for the spectacle of logistics and

(fig. 5), advocates for a reactivation of the territorial

manufacturing. The new Toyosu Fish Market in Tokyo

identity that has been asleep for decades. The entry

is an example with a constellation of public programs

is an action plan for a 20-year process of ecological

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6 — VISBY (SE), WINNER – A GREEN SETTLEMENT > SEE MORE P.215

186 7 — VERBANIA (IT), WINNER — LANDSCAPE IN-BETWEEN > SEE MORE P.211 transformation of the former ecosystems and its logic

Use as a Verb

to rise the local economic activity. The backbone of

In the absence of density of use, a common approach

this process is the reactivation of water cycles and soil

is to promote bottom-up processes to involve citizens

regeneration, associated with food production and a

as the main substance of transformation. “Use as

program for local communities and tourists. The public

a verb” is an adapted version of the essay by John

space is understood as large agroforestry exploitation.

Turner “Housing as a Verb”, where the failure of the

Also, the productive

conventional model of top-down decision-making in

history is the starting

housing is showcased (“housing as a noun”), versus a

point in the winner pro-

more bottom-up approach where dwellers can create

ject A Green ­Settlement

their own environments in close relation with economic

(fig. 6), in Visby (SE),

opportunities (“housing as a verb”).

where a collection of

Based on this attitude, a process of transformation

“green garden wedg-

of the Acetati area in Verbania (IT) is showed by

es” are inspired by the

the winning team in Landscape in-between (fig. 7).

garden city town plan

Architects emerge as curators of an open and no-

from 1934 and the for-

ending plan to create a new community called Lab

mer agricultural land-

Acetati. The first step is the appropriation of the land

scape of the site. The

by pioneers and the co-production of a new collective

agricultural activity is

imaginary. In a second step, the land is organized along

anchored to the collec-

an ecological corridor, a productive promenade to guide

In the absence of density of use, a common approach is to promote bottom-up processes to involve citizens as the main substance of transformation

tive courts that play a morphological role in a porous

the next phases and the arrival of new uses.

housing area. Food production is a magnet for a diverse

Also, the winning entry in Uddevalla (SE), Jalla! (fig. 8),

spectrum of Food Labs and small businesses linked to

explores the figure of a linear and productive “red

the main existing actor, the mall.

promenade” to reconnects the different urban fragments attracting hybrid buildings with local manufacturing, and triggering the local community engagement.


The Infrastructure of the Infrastructures

rural landscape. The process-project is based on a

One factor of inequality is urban segregation, and

system of mutualisation of enterprises for a productive

productive activities could be a key factor to bring

countryside model dealing with the four ecologies of the

together the different realities. New organization models

region. The method works with a sequence of four steps

let the next economy prosper. A series of abstract

over time: structuring the land, sharing common uses,

infrastructures emerge as an organic part of the public

exchanging fluxes, and mutualizing activities. It is tested

domain to mediate between the technocratic and

with specialized uses in the three villages: a collective

emancipatory governance agencies. The “kitchen” of

bio canteen in Tremblay-les-Villages, productive villas in

our territories, the infrastructure of the infrastructures.

Brezolles, and an R&D bioproduction pole in St-Lubin-

As an answer to the functional segregation of an

des-Joncherets.

archetypical modernist plan, Hartland (fig. 9), the winning entry in Rotterdam Groot IJsselmonde (NL)

HALLWAYS AND OCEANS

divulges a new model for a 21st-century garden city:

“Intellectual breakthroughs must cross hallways and

A pilot for socially inclusive suburbia connected with

streets more easily than oceans and continents” —

its landscape, a social engineering plan based on a

Ed Glaeser.

Solidarity Fund, integrating an ecosystem of non-profit

Only by finding the missing links between the Hallways

housing associations, neighbours and entrepreneurs.

and the Oceans, between the Types and the Fields,

The trigger of the process is an operational public-

will it be possible to develop inclusive urban and

private framework, which is followed by the first facilities

rural models, where productive uses can become

and public space investments. In the next phase, a

an essential component again, capable of ensuring

diverse catalogue of plots is developed by different

prosperity for all.

forms of ownership and economy activities towards a

Can new proximities be the starting point for a better

future-oriented productive suburb.

balance between living and working?

Ecological Magnets (fig. 10), runner-up in Pays de Dreux (FR), also explores a methodology for a new productive

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8 — UDDEVALLA (SE), WINNER — JALLA! > SEE MORE P.207

10 — PAYS DE DREUX (FR), RUNNER-UP — ECOLOGICAL MAGNETS > SEE MORE P.200

9 — ROTTERDAM GROOT IJSSELMONDE (NL), WINNER — HARTLAND > SEE MORE P.203


INNSBRUCK (AT) PROJECT SCALE — L/S – urban + architecture /

PROJECT SITE — 3 ha

architecture + context

SITE PROPOSED BY — City of Innsbruck

LOCATION — Innrain, Innsbruck, Tyrol

OWNER OF THE SITE — IIG – Innsbruck Immobilien Gesellschaft

POPULATION — 133,540 inhab.

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — A commissioning for a strategic

STRATEGIC SITE — 17.5 ha

urban concept of the winning team is intended

Philipp Fromm — Architect, Planning Department, City of Innbsruck 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The Europan winning projects are an important start for us in the development of an urban design process for this specific area. The different approaches show the diversity of the potential of this location. In any case, the aim is to generate the greatest possible positive added value for the people of Innsbruck and for the diverse users of this quarter. The projects are catalysts for the transformation of the promenade and the building plots from an “inner-city backyard” to a lively riverside promenade with new spatially animated connections to the city. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

Productivity at this location means on the one hand to use the capital of the urban society. This involves creative capital, innovation potential, the production of knowledge and know-how. On the other 188

hand, the productivity of existing potentials, such as the market hall, might be expanded. The programming of the square and the promenade are also part of the production of a special social space. This strengthening of specific site values and public space is intended to enhance the power of urban transformation towards a sustainable urban society. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN COMPETITION?

On the basis of the winning projects, key objectives and framework conditions for the development with the various stakeholders will be identified. The winning teams are involved in this frameworking process. The potentials of the programming, which the projects demonstrate, form an important basis for the creation of a holistic concept. Out of that, an urban planning procedure is then selected and architectural and landscape competitions will be subsequently held. Due to the importance of the area for the identity of the city, it is intended to involve the public.


Happy Valley

INNSBRUCK (AT) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Andrew Mcmullan (GB),

CONTACT — Mcmullan Studio

Henry Lefroy-Brooks (GB),

40 Mortimer St, London W1W 7RQ (GB)

Architects, urbanists

+44 2039738880 info@mcmullanstudio.com / www.mcmullanstudio.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — A healthy city is a happy city. It is also

a more productive place. Our vision for Innsbruck will turn the challenges it is facing as a modern city into a transformative and resilient urban plan that will help Innsbruckers enjoy healthier, happier and more productive lives. Building on the city’s proximity to the mountains, its reputation for academic and medical excellence, and the population’s passion for healthy living, our vision revolves around a new Discovery District focused on wellness. It will create a cluster of knowledge-producing organisations and knowledgehungry businesses dedicated to advancing our understanding of wellness through pioneering research, innovations and commercial enterprise. To ensure everyone benefits from it every single day, our holistic urban plan designs wellness right into the city’s fabric —from the riverfront and the marktplatz to a new life-enhancing bridge. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project proposes a complexity in terms

of program and its linkage to space. The proposal is explicit on built form and uses architectural elements to strengthen the identification of the place. In suggesting different types of spatial areas (roof valley, covered/open square, pop-up boxes) and working with the 3rd dimension, it offers connections between public architecture and open space in various ways.

189


The Green Heart 190

INNSBRUCK (AT) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Lucia Anderica Recio (ES),

CONTACT — studio.alt

Javier Ortiz Temprado (ES), Jorge Lopez Sacristan (ES), Architects

architecture.salt@gmail.com

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Carmen Simone (IT), Architect

instagram.com/salt.arch

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The project proposes a new productive

neighbourhood through an integral approach in connection with the city. The new vision of the site stands on 4 pillars to change the way the riverside will be lived and experienced: — A network of uses, a map of activities that create a diverse fabric, creating a 24/7 sequence of dynamics that bring the neighbourhood to life; — A close relationship between the city and the river, bringing the people in controlled closeness to the water; — A space for pedestrians, free of cars, where the different activities and uses extend from the buildings out to the public space; — A green corridor built using different strategies, bringing agriculture, vegetation and wildlife back into the heart of the city. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project offers a detailed plan with

a particular spreadsheet. The proposal blends into the existing context and shows an integral approach, working with the existing urban fabric. The restructuring of the urban spatial system is done in a subtle way, thereby linking various spaces well with program. An analysis of current uses, which should act like “seeds” for future functions, anchors the new proposal and densifies the uses. The project focuses on the relation of the programming to the space.



OLIVA (ES) PROJECT SCALE — XL/L – territory / urban + architecture

SITE PROPOSED BY — Community of Valencia,

LOCATION — Els Rajolars, Oliva, Valencia

City Council and Oliva City Council

POPULATION — 25,789 inhab.

OWNER OF THE SITE — Private ownership

STRATEGIC SITE — 229.46 ha / PROJECT SITE — 17.73 ha

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Viability strategic plan

CITY OF OLIVA — 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The overall goal is to regain the initiative in planning and management and to debate innovative ideas about generating new urban dynamics, because we need to propose a new city model that considers: sustainability, respect for our heritage, diversification of compatible uses, citizen participation, non-motorized mobility, appropriate governance of the system and innovation based on professional training. The specific goal is the resilient regeneration of the study area with a view to the transformation of its degradation. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

This is an area with a powerful productive heritage, evidenced by the remaining traces of its past and its latent production. The initial goal is to implement a sustainable production model based on the circular economy, that is compatible with residential uses and has a modern language that draws in and develops 192

key production sectors while maintaining its essence —ceramic production, tourism, water management, food and agriculture—, yet without striving to return to the past. The installation of a high-performance job training centre will help to achieve these goals primarily in these sectors and with productivityfocused innovation, as well as an offer of new formulas for their development. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN COMPETITION?

In the light of the winning project, we are studying the extension of the commission to include the draft of a masterplan, which will mark the elements to maintain and reuse as infrastructure and facilities, accompanied by a Special Urban Land Reform Plan, which will set out the details of the urban planning property rights, the new public infrastructure and facilities, and define the road grid. It might also cover the Property Redistribution Project and the Urban Development of the Unit containing “La Salvaora”, which may serve as an exemplary “pilot case” for the management of the area as a whole.


Productive Memories

OLIVA (ES) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Luis Bernardo Vaamonde (ES), Ana Méndez Garzo (ES),

CONTACT — Terrario Arquitectura

Ignacio Burgos González (ES), Architects

estudio@terrarioarch.com

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Santiago Cañete Sanchez (ES), Architect

www.terrarioarch.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Memories tell us about the previous

configuration of the territory. Areas that acquire a particular intensity, as if a sort of conscience of the territory was emerging out of them, which patiently awaits for the upcoming productive logic to develop the local economy activity. “Productive Memories” assumes that the productive recovery of Oliva goes through the reactivation of this territorial identity, the consolidation of its differences, and the enhancement of the natural continuities, understood as a model of production. Strategies that replace addiction by purification, by taking off the environment everything that is not its own. A simultaneous intervention covering three scales of action in different phases. Three memories, reinterpreted in a contemporary code, and which introduce three new productive models, which in reality, have always been there. JURY POINT OF VIEW — This project stands out for its extraordinarily

solvent analysis and the quality of the proposals at all scales. Also appreciated, the rigour of the plan’s implementation phases, which contemplate the complexity of the issues to be resolved. It also highlighted the approach to water management, soil regeneration and the reintroduction of agricultural uses. The formal solution respects the rules of industrial architecture configuration, and successfully manages to make the new buildings and the public space that articulate, adapt naturally to the site.

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Even a Brick Wants to Be Something 194

OLIVA (ES) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Adrián de Arriba (ES),

CONTACT — +34 680543167 / adriandearriba@gmail.com

Estela Darriba (ES),

+34 656751386 / esteladar@gmail.com

Miguel Fernández (VE),

+34 722457311 / migueldifer@gmail.com

Guillermo Pomar (ES), Architects

+34 690842775 / guille.pomar@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Our territory speaks. El Rajolars is the

place where the different ingredients of the rural environment are staging and it only requires taking these ingredients and reconsidering the way they are combined. Where someone sees industrial ruins and decadence, we see the opportunity of integration and coexistence of Nature; Agriculture; urban and suburban life; industry; formation; tourism; culture. But it is also necessary to reconsider the way we understand the ingredients. Vulnerability can be seen as susceptibility to changes and an integral part of green infrastructure. Agriculture as permaculture and public spaces, industry as a laboratory, a street as a green corridor. We propose an environment that is without urban barriers, connected, limitless, pointing to social and natural integration. JURY POINT OF VIEW — This project brings to light the territorial

complexity of the site and presents quite suggestive solutions that highlight the richness and diversity of the landscape in Oliva. The proposal for renaturalising the sector stands out as a prior step to the implementation of the productive uses and the renovation of the industrial heritage buildings to accommodate the whole programme of uses, including the housing proposal, inside the pre-existing pavilions.


Lattice-Work

OLIVA (ES) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — B. Bravo Rodríguez (ES), Architect, urbanist; Í. López Veristain (ES),

CONTACT — C/ Periodista Manuel Santaella

A. Martínez Tejada (ES), Architects; D. Gómez de Zamora (ES), Biologist

Pérez 5, 1ºD., 18008 Granada (ES)

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — L. Durbán García (ES), J. A. Zamora Bolea (ES),

rbaurbanas@gmail.com

Students in architecture; D. Ariza Pérez (ES), J. M. Pérez Cordón (ES), Architects

www.rb-arquitecturasurbanas.weebly.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The multiple scales of relationship of the

urban system, the nature and the landscape of Oliva and the Safor area must be brought together and the creation of the creative and productive cluster must reconnect it to the territorial ecological structure. The territorial perspective is oriented from water use and its landscape. A new model for sustainable mobility is proposed that renews the urban relationship with contemporary times and takes advantage of the potential structure of the urban form as well as its relationship with the border landscape integrated with the agricultural plain. The project is based on the construction of a system of personal and environmental relationships supported by the recuperation of pre-existing constructions, relationships and identities.

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Look Back, Move Forward!

OLIVA (ES) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Irene Benet Morera (ES),

CONTACT — Av. l’Orxata 2 12, 46120 Alboraia (ES)

Marta Benet Morera (ES), Architects

+34 669101148 irenebenet@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The foundations with which our ancestors

created our cities and towns are part of our intangible culture. Bases that are, by their very nature, sustainable and that today, can continue to exist by adding our contemporary point of view and introducing technology for process improvement. These concepts can be used from a domestic scale to a public or global scale, creating a new productive neighbourhood based on the tradition that shapes our future. New ways of inhabiting will prevent motor displacement, foster social relations and support entrepreneurial initiatives that will help maintain our economies and culture.


Loop-settling

OLIVA (ES) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — A. Martínez (ES), A. M. Villalba (ES), B. Henao (ES), Architects; Team El fabricante

CONTACT —

de espheras: F. Navarro (ES), Y. Juan (ES), Urbanist-architects; P. Herrero (ES), J. Juan Roy (ES),

martinezdelrioalejandro@gmail.com

A. Morro (ES), V. Muñoz (ES), A. Vargas (ES), F. Piño (ES), M. Pitarch (ES), S. Estruch (ES),

info@elfabricantedeespheras.com

Architects; E. García (ES), S. Juanes (ES), Engineer-architects; R. Piñol (ES), Student in graphic arts www.elfabricantedeespheras.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Charter for the revitalization of the

industrial “Alhambra” area from the reuse of existing ecosystems, controlled colonization and temporary flexibility of the actions: 1. Creation of a management office as a constant tool for dialogue and planning among the stakeholders. 2. Protection of the architectural, landscape and environmental heritage as a whole. 3. Testing of uses prior to the implementation of transformations. 4. Admission of “failure” as fallow, intermediate state for social appropriation and environmental improvement. 5. Sequential activation of productive spaces. 6. Criteria application for the ceramic landscape image improvement. 7. Diversity of uses: productive, residential and endowment purposes. 8. Save the Salvaora factory as a set of representative facilities for the neighbourhood.

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PAYS DE DREUX (FR) PROJECT SCALE — XL/S – territory / architecture + context

SITE PROPOSED BY — Pays de Dreux Agglomeration

LOCATION — Pays de Dreux Agglomeration

OWNER OF THE SITE — Private and public land

POPULATION — 115,00 inhab.

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Urban study, master plan, urban

STRATEGIC SITE — 1047 km2

project management with a developer common to the three sites

PROJECT SITE — St-Lubin-des-Joncherets 40 ha,

Brezolles 10-15 ha, Tremblay-les-Villages 10-15 ha

Pays de Dreux Agglomeration — 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The Agglomeration seeks to test a new model of activity zone adapted to the challenges of the future (land sanctification, ecological transition, economic changes). This experiment will help develop a certain exemplarity in the design, development and management of a productive space that is better integrated into its environment —the rural/peri-urban landscape— and into the daily SAINT-LUBIN-DES-JONCHERETS

life of inhabitants and workers. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY IS-SUE?

The purpose of the sites is to accommodate companies (industrial, craft, etc.) in spaces that are truly integrated into their environment. They are also located in a productive territory through its agricultural sector. This cereal production, widely exported outside the territory, also comes with smaller forms of agriculture and local food 198

SAINT-LUBIN-DES-JONCHERETS

production. A transition to more diversified agriculture is an integral part of the transformation of the sites and the territory. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN COMPETITION?

The Agglomeration has not defined a specific process for the followup yet. Some options are available to the community: — A transversal AMO to build specifications for our future productive spaces, on the Europan sites as well as on a more general scale BREZOLLES

of the territory; — A new competition between the three teams on the basis of reworked specifications. In any case, the community wants to rely on all the projects submitted to build the new program and take full advantage of this ambitious approach.

TREMBLAY-LES-VILLAGES

TREMBLAY-LES-VILLAGES


SAINT-LUBIN-DES-JONCHERETS

BREZOLLES

TREMBLAY-LES-VILLAGES

Urbanisme agricole

PAYS DE DREUX (FR) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Lucas Fontaine (FR), Jules Gauffeny (FR),

CONTACT — 9 rue Boulay Paty, 35000 Rennes (FR)

Samuel Hervault (FR), Architects

+33 640606013 / +33 699552394 gauffenyfontaine@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — We grew up in the country. It was easy

to organize games and explorations around our homes, cycling races around hamlets, tadpole fishing in ditches or giant hide-andseek in cornfields. These experiences were our first links with rural landscape. The goal of our work was not to recreate a nostalgic the country. But these memories did not leave us during the project’s development. For the competition, the theme chosen concerns the development of villages. We felt that it was important to question how the urbanization of the countryside was organized because the current planning does not make way for these areas of freedom. Thinking about the extension of a commune means, at first, thinking of what makes its limit or its boundary. The boundary is a common term used in country planning project. But how to define it? Does it exist? JURY POINT OF VIEW — The team proposes “constructible

agricultural zones” on the edge of town centres combining small housing programmes with diversified agriculture (storage, production, breeding), thus attempting to go beyond urban zoning regulations for housing and agriculture. The project is divided into six test sites associated with a specific type of activity and dealt with architecturally. The idea of “productive countryside” proposed by the team advocates a new type of controlled, sparse urbanization allowing housing and agricultural activity to coexist.

SAINT-LUBIN-DES-JONCHERETS

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Ecological Magnets 200

PAYS DE DREUX (FR) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Gaetan Brunet (FR), Architect, urbanist;

CONTACT — UR bureau d’architecture et d’urbanisme

Chloé Valadié (FR), Architect

24 rue Davoust F, 93500 Pantin (FR) office@ur-bau.eu / www.ur-bau.eu

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — There can be no ZAE “model”. Like any

urban development project, they have to integrate, look for connections with the environments in which they act and finally trigger territorial transformations. Our method and proposal take the form of “Ecological Magnets” — attractive poles that initiate relations with all the scales that structure the territory. Extroverted objects that feed the four ecologies of the Pays de Dreux —Economy, Ecology, Energy, Ecosystem—, both in their internal mutualised logics, as well as in the relationship with their surroundings. It is therefore necessary to think of these ZAE as a collective effort: that is to say, to build singular projects, adapted to the physical properties of the sites and the needs of the Pays de Dreux, and built with the stakeholders in order to activate the ecological transition through agile and dynamic entrepreneurial ecosystems. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The concept of “Ecological Magnets” relies

on the improvement and connection of local factors and resources in order to punctuate and activate the territory. They are presented as isolated mechanisms spurring on change at a larger scale. Contrary to the logic of business zones, the team proposes setting up pioneer demonstration programs linked to the environment. A project with a pertinent territorial approach based on individual attracting programmes, which constitute an alternative to the largescale business parks.


A(gri)puncture

PAYS DE DREUX (FR) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Trung MAI (FR),

CONTACT — MAI (Mission d’architecture indépendante)

Architect

4 rue Beaugrenelle, 75015 Paris (FR) +33 633094750 / hungtrungmai@gmail.com / www.maihungtrungarchitect.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — If the future motorway A154 will be

operated as the territorial backbone, the whole network of agricultural interventions will function just like the acupuncture practice. By focusing on narrow emergent points in the territory, it involves pinpointed interventions that create a positive ripple effect to transform the whole conurbation of the Pays de Dreux. Using green infrastructure to protect the inhabited zone from harmful effects of the future motorway. An a(gri)puncture network in combination with green armature and soft mobility grid will be the essential elements to harmonize the conflicts between the interfaces of different urban fabrics. A(gri)puncture is a progressive conversion of underused space into productive place.

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ROTTERDAM GROOT IJSSELMONDE (NL) PROJECT SCALE — L/S – urban + architecture /

SITE PROPOSED BY — Municipality of Rotterdam

architecture + context

OWNER OF THE SITE — Public and private ownership

LOCATION — Rotterdam, Groot IJsselmonde

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Design (or research-by-design)

POPULATION — 650,000 inhab.

assignment on implementation on the project site (or a site with

STRATEGIC SITE — 125 ha

similar characteristics) commissioned by the municipality of

PROJECT SITE — 6.7 ha

Rotterdam and/or private partners

Europan Nederland — 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

Groot IJsselmonde in the south of Rotterdam is an archetype of a post-war neighbourhood built in the early 1960s. It is green, watery, spacious and easily accessible by car and public transport. The central area is typical in its paradoxical combination of low vitality, rather outdated communal services, and the presence of a wellconnected but currently underused public transport hub. The project site is next to, and could become part of the central area and consists of a large open green space and a couple of small-scale building blocks. The challenge is to develop a spatial strategy implementing a new mix of functions on site to revitalize the local economy, while rethinking the role of a suburban landscape, communal facilities in a central area, and other characteristics of the post-war neighbourhood philosophy in the perspective of the 21st century. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

The City of Rotterdam seeks opportunities in the combination of 202

accommodating its growth and reactivating urban life in peripheral post-war neighbourhoods. The aim is to attract and retain residents, in particular young generations, to improve the socioeconomic status, to diversify the composition of population and to stimulate healthy and productive suburban living. Densification is part of the city’s strategy, but to make Groot IJsselmonde 21st century proof a new mix of functions is crucial to spark productive interaction milieus and to create social anchors for the next economy. The City of Rotterdam believes that the resurgence of the central area is key to setting this transition in motion. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN COMPETITION?

Characteristic of Rotterdam is the credo “making city together”. Municipality, market parties, corporations and other enthusiastic city makers are working together to build a productive, inclusive, healthy, circular and compact city. In order to put their money where their mouth is, the parties involved are now trying to actually bring the rich harvest of Europan 15 one step closer to realization, together with the winning teams. To this end, a workshop programme is established, in which thinking and doing go hand in hand. First leading questions for Groot IJsselmonde: The solutions being tested at Groot IJsselmonde on the level of development strategy, densification, public space and mix of functions could help to tackle issues on other similar places. To unlock the real potential of this neighbourhood, getting to know the place through the eyes of local residents, entrepreneurs and other stakeholders is an important step. With multiple activities and creative interventions, we aim to create a strong network and to move forward collectively.


Hartland

ROTTERDAM GROOT IJSSELMONDE (NL) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Zuzana Jančovičová (SK),

CONTACT — Fred. Roeskestraat 90A-51,

Davor Dušanić (SI), Landscapers;

1076ED Amsterdam (NL)

Ida Bjallerbæk Pedersen (DK), Urbanist;

+31 684864953

Katarína Labáthová (SK), Architect

info@laarc.eu / www.laarc.eu

203

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Being inspired by socialist and economic

ideals of the original garden city utopia, the “Hartland” project provides a development strategy based on principles of commons and co-creation. Different scales of sharing are translated into different spatial designs. We create a robust urban framework that accommodates socio-economic diversity in living typologies and creates opportunities for a dynamic cityscape to emerge. By adding new layers onto the existing urban framework, we induce a new organisational hierarchy, which strengthens the sense of community and binds the new development to its surrounding landscape. The goal of the project is to create socially and naturally inclusive spaces that enable healthy life on the outskirts of Rotterdam.

NEIGHBOURHOOD – HARTLAND

JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project builds on the green quality

of Groot IJsselmonde and provides the area with a new heart as well in a convincing way. It introduces a different way of living and working that suits this location. As an organizing principle, the team uses a green canal with open spaces. This gives the district an identity and functions as a connecting structure between the centre of Groot IJsselmonde and the surrounding residential areas. In the green zones, there is room for biodiversity and solutions to make the city climate-proof.

CLUSTER

BUILDING


Semi-Urban IJsselmonde 204

ROTTERDAM GROOT IJSSELMONDE (NL) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Gijs de Haan (NL), Urbanist;

CONTACT — KOLLEKTIEF

Vincent Peters (NL),

Nieuwe Binnenweg 286A1, 3021GS Rotterdam (NL)

Corné Strootman (NL), Landscapers

+31 630512698 contact@kollektief.net / www.kollektief.net

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Although Groot-IJsselmonde has been

developed with a clear (anthroposophical) philosophy in mind, the former structuring principles are vanishing as time goes by. By developing the heart of IJsselmonde into a semi-urban typology with enough local urban processes to autonomously maintain socially developed spaces and a lush and active new neighbourhood park for inhabitants to enjoy, we aim to achieve the best of both worlds where green living and social interaction come together. Through urban principles like density, porosity and adaptability, semi-urban spaces are created: spaces that are resilient to change, encourage social interaction and complement Rotterdam’s urbanity with calm and quietness. JURY POINT OF VIEW — This proposal convincingly addresses

the challenge of providing Groot-IJsselmonde with the urban heart that it now lacks. The strategic framework presented by the team could work well in all of its simplicity. It focuses on connecting the heart with the surrounding neighbourhoods and introduces urban promenades as lively veins in the neighbourhood. Existing green corridors are revived by connecting them to a continuous local park. This approach offers starting points for the addition of new, socioeconomically promising functions.



UDDEVALLA (SE) PROJECT SCALE — L – urban + architecture

SITE PROPOSED BY — City of Uddevalla

LOCATION — Dalaberg, Hovhult and Bulid (Northern Uddevalla)

OWNER OF THE SITE — City of Uddevalla, private sector

POPULATION — 35,000 inhab.

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Urban studies in collaboration

STRATEGIC SITE — 474 ha / PROJECT SITE — 233 ha

with the City of Uddevalla

City of Uddevalla — 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The transformation of the competition site will result in a new and attractive living habitat that attracts people with higher income, establishing a stable social mixture without gentrification. An additional goal is to enhance the creative environment and to develop unique and innovative workspaces. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

The variety of rural and urban elements on-site and the cultural diversity of the residents bears the potential to create synergy effects that can generate start-ups, circular economies, etc. Using existing buildings and at the same time creating new productive uses for the in-between areas will stimulate an atmosphere of innovative entrepreneurship.

206

3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN COMPETITION?

A specific process is not yet defined. It will depend a lot on how the planned workshop develops.


Jalla!

UDDEVALLA (SE) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Stefano Ivaldi (IT), Architect, urbanist;

CONTACT — Via S.Veniero 13, 20148 Milano (IT)

Silvia Raineri (IT), Architect

+39 3409024491

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Geronimo Felici Fioravanti (IT), Martina Parma (IT),

info@s2studio.it

Urbanists; Chiara Magnini (IT), Urbanist, student in landscape

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The project aims to lay out a scenario

both for the project area and for the entire city; it does not aim at a static and defined solution, but it provides a flexible, adaptable and multi-scalar transformation. The new scenario identifies strategies to create sustainable dynamics and reach different goals: — Embracing the theme of a productive city from an economic, social and cultural perspective; — Supporting social integration and cultural mix as strengths for Uddevalla; — Creating a resilient system, identifying flexible and adaptable strategies over time; — Promoting a sustainable process for the project development, based on the involvement of both public and private stakeholders. This promotes the valorisation of the existing resources through a bottom-up approach led by the community. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project shows great respect for the

existing areas but at the same time describes how to increase functionality and density. The proposal connects areas to each other without building them together completely. It strengthens the link in the North-South direction, but not as clearly in the East-West. Jalla! chooses not to build new buildings in Bulid but proposes recreational additions instead, which is a strength.

207


Wake “Bu-Hov-Berg” Up! 208

UDDEVALLA (SE) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Elena Golub (DE), Xi Wu (CN), Nan Liu (CN),

CONTACT — Landhausstrasse 215, 70188 Stuttgart (DE)

Rocío Miranda Barreda (ES), Architects

+49 17662165740 opa711@gmx.de

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — “Bu-Hov-Berg” is the new name of a well-

integrated and productive urban environment, consisting of “Million Programme” areas Hovhult and Dalaberg, as well as the adjacent natural area Bulid. The project aims to explore new types of urban infrastructures based on the existing resources onsite in order to shape an attractive urban integration in the city’s most segregated district, and eventually to motivate the development of the whole Uddevalla in a productive way. Resourcing the site: “Bu” —green, “Hov” —Million Programme, “Berg” —Dalaberg-Lillbräckan. Three main resources onsite have been redeveloped: natural resources in Bulid; Million Programme Housing and its social, demographic diversity in Hovhult; and the Lillbrackan architecture complex in Dalaberg. A new active multifunctional Band is implanted to connect the three districts together. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project links Hovhult and Dalaberg

with a large park in the East-West direction. The park has a great potential to evolve into a common public space for the district and the whole of Uddevalla. A strong and distinct idea! The team behind the proposal have understood the emphasis of the existing centre and is developing it, reinforcing what already exists. The additions within the residential areas feel natural.


Plant Uddevalla

UDDEVALLA (SE) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Yrsa Nilsson Öhrn (SE),

CONTACT — Malmö (SE)

Maja Olofsson (SE),

+46 762327749

Landscapers

yrsanilssonohrn@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The “Plant Uddevalla” proposal is based

on creating a local green production and supply of vegetation. A production that leads to productivity through interaction and participation. The first seed is sown in Dalaberg and Hovhult by the citizens, planting a sapling; it then gets its nutrition in Bulid, where the tree nursery houses is, and finally spreads out all over Uddevalla as city trees. The fertilizer is the people! It continues year by year and showcases Uddevalla’s annual population growth by newly planted trees, one for each new person. The diversity of planted trees represents the different cultures in the area and contributes to the biodiversity. A productive ecosystem that will be reflected in the society —a diversity of complementary characteristics, which lay the basis for a long-term productivity.

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VERBANIA (IT) PROJECT SCALE — L – urban + architecture

SITE PROPOSED BY — Verbania Municipality

LOCATION — Verbania, Piemonte

OWNER OF THE SITE — Private

POPULATION — 30,709 inhab.

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Workshop on the site with the

STRATEGIC SITE — 50 ha / PROJECT SITE — 16 ha

rewarded teams

Giovanni B. Margaroli — Assessor for Urban Planning at the City of Verbania 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The area of the former Acetates represents the largest and most painful wound in Verbania, left by a long and difficult process of deindustrialisation. In a city overlooking the splendid scenery of Lake Maggiore, 16 disused and polluted hectares represent a colossal problem, especially considering that the present and future of the city are essentially linked to tourism. The road to urban regeneration must be found after the loss of productive activities. Generate a new urban reality, create new urban, social spaces to generate new production opportunities. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

There is no family in Verbania that does not associate those places with memories of harsh personal, family, union, individual and collective battles to save their jobs. And in the face of those ruins, an attitude of collective suppression prevails today that only 210

positive proposals can help to overcome. In addition to the tertiary sector, it is important that within the site new ways of producing diversified products find their place by thinking of a new productivity that privileges smaller spaces, capable of satisfying the rotation of the activities, the reuse with low or no environmental and energy impact, and hosts public and private spaces that are attractive for different types of users. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN COMPETITION?

Only a broad and endorsed debate, which first of all involves the community concerned, can trigger a process capable of identifying the future destiny of abandoned industrial areas. To activate it, it is necessary to overcome cultural and psychological barriers. Europan is international and young: two characteristics that lend themselves well to providing a contribution of proposals for the future. The workshop organized by the city of Verbania, where the award-winning designers will be invited, with the participation of local stakeholders, will open up new development views for the city and may constitute a starting point to establish functions and actions.


Landscape in Between

VERBANIA (IT) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Metaxia Markaki (GR), Architect, urbanist;

CONTACT — Saumstrasse 49, 8003 Zürich (CH)

Simona Ferrari (IT), Architect

+41 762642750 me.markaki@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Departing from the metaphor of the

backyard the project reflects on the idea of “reuse” as a territorial strategy. Rediscovering a neglected river, the former industrial site of Acetati becomes a landscape episode along the riverbed and a new public space of the city in-between. The project is a gesture towards a new ecology, which accommodates nature and culture, production and everyday life redefining scales and networks of making. JURY POINT OF VIEW — It emerges from this project sensitivity at

the territorial level, with an adaptive process. It offers the elements to make this place an urban attractor with services but remains free to the participation of new actors. The project is among the few that demolishes the boundaries of the site by modifying the configuration of the urban grid: it creates an architectural landscape. It reinterprets very well the image of industrial artefacts, which is made safe, and enhances their history. Best of all, the project faces the double need to organize the natural system together with the possibilities of development through financial operations.

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Lung Hub 212

VERBANIA (IT) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Alice Barreca (IT), Grazia Carioscia (IT)

CONTACT — Via Principe Tommaso 16, 10125 Torino (IT)

Sarah Damiana Russo (IT), Ambra Seghesio (IT), Architects;

+39 3474150169

Guido Pavia (IT), Student in architecture

grazia.carioscia@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — “Lung Hub” is a new green lung

penetrating the industrial buildings and binding them together to form a network of paths and squares integrated with the daily fruition of the public spaces in the neighbourhood. The project is based on the creation of the ‘Lung Hub Core’, an intermediary body for co-creating innovations in ecosystems, developing projects for re-use and recycling through the activation of different levels of connection: connections for social and economic reactivation and for the enhancement of historical commemoration. The mission of the ‘Lung Hub Core’ will be that of safeguarding and exalting the historical memory of the former acetate. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project specifies the theme of

biodiversity by building the site’s identity through its vegetalization. Nature becomes an engine of transformation: this is the main and interesting idea. The visual impact of industrial buildings is mitigated and, on a romantic image of architecture, nature enters the buildings and invades them as an element without control. But knowing well that this type of situation lends itself to a spontaneous growth of activities that therefore activates processes of regeneration.



VISBY (SE) PROJECT SCALE — L – urban + architecture

SITE PROPOSED BY — Gotland Region

LOCATION — Östercentrum, Visby

OWNER OF THE SITE — Gotland Region

POPULATION — 23,500 inhab.

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Urban studies,

STRATEGIC SITE — 10 ha / PROJECT SITE — 2 ha

detailed development plan

City of Visby — 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

A crucial factor in the development of this part of the city centre is to allow for more central housing, which in turn provides new opportunities in commerce. It is also important to provide smaller homes for the elderly, the young and the students in central locations. Overall, the goal is a mix of different types of housing and forms of property rights. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

In accordance with the Europan 15 theme the site needs innovative and interesting suggestions for productive functions that can contribute to the durability, sustainability and dynamism of the city centre and Östercentrum. These can be permanent as well as temporary functions for buildings and sites with flexible use. Planning for housing and car parks only means that the area becomes too self-contained and does not give the right prerequisite for dynamic connections to the city centre. 214

3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN COMPETITION?

The winning proposals will form the basis for a future detailed development plan for the project site. In parallel to the progress of the Europan competition on the project site, the municipality is working with the transformation process for central parts of Östercentrum, where most of the properties and existing buildings are owned by private property owners. The idea is to develop clearer principles for renovation and expansion of the existing buildings.


A Green Settlement – Outside the Wall

VISBY (SE) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Stefan Jesper Gründl (DK),

CONTACT — Birkedommervej 16, 2. th, 2400 København (DK)

Magnus Haahr Nielsen (DK),

+45 28713580

Architects, urbanists

magnus.haahr.nielsen@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — In recollection of the site’s historical

context as being part of a former agricultural landscape and inspired by the garden city town plan from 1934, we propose to reestablish central parts of the project site as a green “garden wedge” —turning the project site into a shared green garden area for the future inhabitants, with a clear relation and a line of sight towards the historical city wall. These gardens will host both recreational value for residents of the area as well as presenting the possibility of green productivity, therefore ensuring a sustainable approach to food production. Furthermore, we propose to establish Ihregatan as a productive maker-space, turning the present backside into a new urban front side with productive activities as well as public functions in the ground floor. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project has a three-block structure with

semi-open yards that are linked to each other. A simple but robust plan that provides several opportunities for further development. The structure relates in a good way to the surroundings, the villa area and the green space by the medieval wall. Views and twists provide generous and interesting public spaces that show an understanding of the place. The proposal contains many interesting ideas about greenery and cultivation, but it is the spatial clarity that is the strength of the project.

215


See you Between the Wall and the City 216

VISBY (SE) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Gizella Puskas (SE), Michael Ghersetti Fabiansson (SE),

CONTACT — Karl Gustavsgatan 53, 41131 Göteborg (SE)

Architects; Yara Karkouh (SE), Engineer-architect;

+46 704902419

Viktor Olsson (SE), Civil engineer-architect;

gizella.puskas@hotmail.com

Constantin Milea (SE), Landscaper

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — What is Östercentrum 2.0? In the proposal

we suggest strategical development possibilities for Östercentrum as a commercial area. There is also room for a strengthened moat with a developed public park and a clear contrast to the medieval town and the exploited new area. The main focus in the project and the area is on the local: the domestic will be rewarded in several ways. We see the opportunity for Gotland to display its specialties in a centrally located and frequently visited spot. To strengthen the qualities that already exist in Gotland and within the area the starting point is the establishment of the new area. These existing qualities could be strengthened even more in the new Östercentrum and in this way turn the new area into a well functioning mixed city and a city for everyone. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project suggests an open block

structure with a great variety of typologies on site. It generates good connections through the area and meets the villa area with an open space in a generous way. The use of walls clarifies the border between public and private spaces. The scale of the buildings is suitable and the diversity interesting, but perhaps too indistinct. The open structure and the many directions create a spatial ambiguity.


The Great Visby

VISBY (SE) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Jonathan Lazar (IT), Gabriele Capobianco (IT),

CONTACT — Via Lorenzo Valla 25, 00152 Roma (IT)

Edoardo Capuzzo Dolcetta (IT), Flavio Graviglia (IT),

+39 065806320

Damiano Ranaldi (IT), Architects

info@autautarchitettura.it

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Antonino Zappulla (IT), Architect

www.autautarchitettura.it

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — A tall city-wall enclosing the medieval city,

skeletons of ancient churches raising in the squares, an irregular maze of colourful houses shaping the urban fabric. This is the heart of Visby narrating a thousand-year-old history through its architecture. Nevertheless, this narration seems to stop roughly when looking outside the city wall. The project aims to keep the memory and allure of the ancient city alive, adapting to the contemporary standards, to the new economy, and to sustainability requirements. The urban qualities that characterized the beauty of the ancient city for centuries won’t stay just as the memory of a majestic past, but will become the foundation of a new, Great Visby.

217


WIEN (AT) PROJECT SCALE — L/S – urban + architecture / architecture +

SITE PROPOSED BY — WSE Wiener Standortentwicklung GmbH

context

OWNER OF THE SITE — WSE, Austrian Railway Company

LOCATION — New Marx, Wien

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Post involvement in further

POPULATION — 1,867,000 inhab.

implementation procedure

STRATEGIC SITE — 6.5 ha / PROJECT SITE — 1.3 ha

Martin Haas — WSE Project manager 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The Europan project area has already been subject to numerous plans in the past, but due to various factors it was not implemented. With the “productive city concept”, the City of Wien created a basis for the distribution of uses in the city. The site’s good location and its good connections for both public transport and individual traffic contributed to the fact that it was defined as a mixed zone where both productive and residential uses should develop. We decided to take part in the Europan “Productive Cities” competition in order to obtain the basis for a new zoning and development plan document that is in line with the “productive city concept” of Wien. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

Due to its location close to existing research and commercial facilities, this site can be seen as an expansion area for the surrounding commercial uses. Bringing residential units into the 218

mix will showcase the necessary intertwining of inherent functions in cities. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN COMPETITION?

The further process is currently being coordinated with the property owners and the urban planning department of the City of Wien. We are currently assuming that, on the basis of the Europan results, more detailed statements on open points will be made in a cooperative process with the aim of producing a basis for a new zoning and development plan document.


Capability Mound

WIEN (AT) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — José Manuel López Ujaque (ES), Architect

CONTACT — Plaza Calvo Sotelo 3 8A, 03001 Alicante (ES)

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Mercedes Naranjo Ruiz-Atienza (ES),

+34 965923392

Paula Pastor Pastor (ES), Students in architecture

to@playstudio.es / www.playstudio.es

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — One of Wien’s most attractive

morphological characteristics is the presence of its elevated railway infrastructure, the reappropriation of which has built over time a very particular identity. Still, can we build another kind of identity based on the absence of this infrastructure? In this sense we understand that the plot itself, “as found”, has a certain value and, above all, “capacity”. What the project proposes to build is precisely the spectacle of logistics, referred by Nina Rappaport as a necessary condition to “involve the public in the cycles of production, consumption and recycling necessary to create a selfsufficient city.” So, we aim to turn this footprint of the past into a “capable” image of the future mixing housing and industry. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project has a strong and innovative

concept, which is well elaborated and advanced. The main theme conveyed here is visibility and exposure of the productive city; both inside the building and towards the external. Two facing discs generate a kind of mutual presence between people who live and work here. The slim industrial spaces proposed, create a new spatial framework that can be combined well with housing and therefore is deemed very innovative.

219


Der Januskopf 220

WIEN (AT) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Margherita Borroni (IT), Claudia Consonni (IT),

CONTACT — +39 3474886663

Marco Gambarè (IT), Mattia Inselvini (IT), Architects;

ofpossiblescenarios@gmail.com

Marcello Carpino (IT), Joon Hyuk Ma (KR), Anna Jo Banke (DK),

www.ofpossiblescenarios.com

Students in architecture

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Is it possible to organize a neighbourhood

in which living and working are interwoven in a natural way? In which there is room for the creation of a living community that is able to move and make? “Januskopf” is a design proposal for a system that integrates housing, productive spaces and public areas with the ambition to find the missing piece of the Neu Marx Neighbourhood puzzle, linking and framing different scales from urban to interior. Like the two-faced Roman god, “Januskopf” expresses itself through 2 opposite façades, responding to the site’s idiosyncrasies: a translucent and semi-open winter garden stands out against the busy and polluted Rennweg, while a system of wide and gentlysloped terraces stretches out to the adjacent residential tissue in the South. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project proposes an asymmetrical

concept, responding to an asymmetrical context of two different roads and urban fabrics. It responds on the one side to the busy and loud Rennweg with a closed façade and with a more open, stepped structure to the social housing project on the other side.



3/ IMPLAN 222

The challenge for cities to be both productive and sustainable is to interlink resources, mobilities and conditions of fairness. There are two aspects that implant new dynamics or reactivate resources such as urban farming and educational, research or creative forces: productive milieus and productive uses.


NTING 223

3/B Productive milieus This is the level where a natural, cultural, social or economic environment is implanted or revitalised symbiotically, by contrast with the architecture of objects or the urbanism of technocracy. So what is needed is to activate human and nonhuman resources and an ecosystem of partners, while at the same time paying attention to integrative values between nature and culture. ANALYSIS ARTICLE: Time as Agent to Implant Productive Milieus

224

Céline Bodart (BE) — Architect, PhD in Architecture, researcher and professor Dimitri Szuter (FR) — Architect, researcher, dancer and performer Barcelona (ES)

230 Raufoss (NO)

248

Bergische Kooperation (DE)

236 Rotterdam Visserijplein (NL)

252

Helsingborg (SE)

240 Saint-Omer (FR)

256

Palma (ES)

244 Tuusula (FI)

260


Time as Agent to Implant Productive Milieus And to Rethink New Interactions Between Human and Nonhuman Analysis article by Céline Bodard (BE) — Architect, PhD in Architecture, researcher, professor at Paris-la-Villette School of Architecture and Liège University and Dimitri Szuter (FR) — Architect, researcher, dancer and performer Co-founder of P.E.R.F.O.R.M! www.perform-the-city.org 224 Implanting, is less to act on a territory than to interact

resources within it as well as an ecosystem of

with everything that is part of it, everything that makes

partners. Three strategies for the implantation of new

it a natural, cultural, social and economic milieu. In this

productive milieus are presented here, differing in their

Session 15 of Europan, several projects in fact take the

methods of catalysing their transformation processes:

view that the implantation of new productive milieus

1) the project begins by identifying and activating

is primarily a matter of thinking how to revitalise the

the territory’s nonhuman resources; 2) the project

multiple components of the territory symbiotically;

focuses on the collective human scale and organises

conceiving how to activate human and nonhuman

the socio-productive future of the milieu around new urban figures; 3) the project is embedded in the territory through a tactical reconsideration of the timeframes and rhythms of its own transformation process. I — INTENSIFYING NONHUMAN RESOURCES

The big challenges raised by uncertainty force designers to reconsider what constitutes a resource in our time. The project embraces the nonhuman as a new agent of territorial transformation. Through this new way of attributing attention and importance to nonhumans, we see a renewal of design practices. Three forms of intensification of nonhuman resources are proposed here: harmonising with the metabolic cycles of the milieu; unfolding and exploring the agency of landscape entities; advancing our territorial attachments as new guiding principles of the project. 1. Metabolic cycles Whether we call it the “Anthropocene”, or prefer the terms “Capitalocene” or “Technocene” (A. Tsing), there 1 — PALMA (ES), SPECIAL MENTION — PARC-IN > SEE MORE P.246

is a general consensus around the urgency of rethinking


2 — RAUFOSS (NO), SPECIAL MENTION — TODAY TOMORROW > SEE MORE P.251

3 — BARCELONA (ES), RUNNER-UP — BLUE LINES > SEE MORE P.231

Norway with the risk of these resources diminishing or even disappearing in the future. In order to plant the manifest seeds of the transition (R. Hopkins, 2008), the team wants to implant the potential of the Skogen River by increasing its agricultural use and converting this wetland milieu into a nucleus of production and sociability (fig. 2). In both Parma and Raufoss, therefore, the aim is to harmonise the transformation project with the metabolic cycles of the milieu. This emphasis on cycles encourages urban and territorial production to move away from its patterns of resource consumption in order to intensify the productive and reproductive potential of the milieu. 2. The agency of landscape This refers to an approach that treats landscape entities in terms of their agency, in other words their capacity to act and interact with the changes planned (E. Wall, T. Waterman, 2018). In Vallbona (Barcelona, ES), this idea becomes the conceptual structure of the entire 4 — TUUSULA (FI), RUNNER-UP — 60°NORTH > SEE MORE P.262

runner-up project Blue Lines. Between the canal and the river, the water cycle forms a landscape with natural

the interactions that we maintain with our milieus. For

productive qualities that have been eroded by overuse

many, the guiding principle of transforming milieus is

of the valley floor by road and rail infrastructure. In order

no longer the anthropocentric idea of progress, but

to overcome these artificial boundaries, Blue Lines

about espousing the metabolic cycles that produce

proposes to reshape and reinforce the metabolism of

and condition their possible

this landscape through the outlines of a new irrigation

futures. In Palma (ES), the

plan: transversal water corridors supplying large

special mention project

numbers of productive gardens, as well as new housing

Parc-In develops a strong

clusters (fig. 3). The productive and ecological renewal

central thread in its approach:

of human facilities thus takes place in interaction with

reducing CO 2 emissions by

what the river landscape allows and imposes. For the

replacing individual mobility

team that designed the runner-up project 60°North in

and its dedicated spaces

Tuusula (FI), the challenge is to make the project the

with new green mobilities,

medium for new productive relations between the urban

accompanied by large-scale

and the rural, between consumers and producers, in

planting (fig. 1). The team’s

order to short-circuit the existing dependency relations

aim with this is to implant new,

and reinvent new patterns of territorial interdependence.

long-term ecological cycles that (re)generate pure

The team shapes its proposal around a “nonhuman”

air. While it is the atmospheric cycles that become

scale, in this case Tuusula Lake (fig. 4). The lake, as a

the generators of the project in Palma, it is future

landscape element with certain aesthetic qualities, is the

living/survival conditions that concern the designers

scale of reference in relation to which the productive,

of the special mention project Today Tomorrow in

ecological, economic, social and cultural transformation

Raufoss (NO). The proposal begins by contrasting

of the territory can take place. It is the scale of belonging

the abundance of resources currently available in

and of governance, of production and cooperation.

The big challenges raised by uncertainty force designers to reconsider what constitutes a resource in our time

225


Current territorial structure Mutations by 2100

5 — SAINT-OMER (FR), WINNER — HYDRO-PRODUCTIVE PARKS > SEE MORE P.257

6 — TUUSULA (FI), SPECIAL MENTION — PIHABITAT > SEE MORE P.263 226 3. Territorial attachments

natural resources set new boundaries to the territory

In response to the ecological, social and political dev-

of possibilities by redistributing previously unexploited

astation of milieus, we are witnessing the emergence –

productive synergies. So implanting new productive mi-

often in the form of resistance– of new kinds of territorial

lieus also means sustaining, maintaining, regenerating

attachment (D. Darcis, A. Janvier, J. Pieron, F. Taylan,

the existing attachments between a territory and what

2019). The term attachment focuses attention on what

populates it, whether human or nonhuman.

it is, in a given territory, that acts and prompts us to act

Through the intensification of non-human resources,

as a collective. In Saint-Omer (FR), it is specifically by

the teams restore and amplify natural powers of action

identifying and intensi-

on which humans had turned their backs. The whole

fying the established

challenge is to relearn how to see, feel and value in

attachments to their

order to renew our ways of living with the milieus that

territory’s geological

accommodate and allow our human settlements.

By arranging we mean structuring a spatial framework that is capable of deploying new productive synergies between the potentials of the milieu

and hydraulic specificities that the winning

II — ARRANGING HUMAN RESOURCES

team of Hydro-Produc-

By arranging we mean structuring a spatial framework

tive Parks seeks to ef-

that is capable of deploying new productive synergies

fect its eco-productive

between the potentials of the milieu. The teams devise

regeneration (fig. 5).

new, catalytic urban forms and figures: human flows

The project draws its

and energies are arranged by the introduction of new

strength from its multi-

stage settings. These new “settings” then become

scale engagement with

a way to simultaneously stimulate and contain a

the territory, drawing on

multiplicity of new situations, relations and intensities

the potential uses of water as a gradual means of re-

that reinforce the richness of the milieus. We will unpack

generating milieus. It applies the concept of the biore-

three proposals: local settings; inclusive settings;

gion (Magnaghi, 2014), in other words the boundaries

attachment settings.

of the project’s geographical space are defined by inhabited milieus rather than administrative or political ter-

1. Local settings

ritories. In Saint-Omer, therefore, this attachment to the

In Tuusula (FI), the special mention project Pihabitat

different qualities of land, landscape, phenomena and

draws on the principles of agro-ecology to revitalise the


agricultural centre of Anttila. Its goal in this rural area is

On the contrary, it aims to be the urban expression

to trigger a movement of transition towards a renewal

of a system of resilient public spaces, inclusive and

of agri-food production methods, in order to reinforce

diverse, capable of adapting to future practices and

the self-sufficiency of the resident communities. In

needs, open to multiple possible arrangements and

order to design this new kind of productive village,

coexistences between new and existing dynamics.

the team behind Pihabitat has chosen to revive the traditional housing forms of Finnish farming villages,

3. Attachment settings

extracting a standard pattern: a cluster of buildings

From the redevelopment of the old dockland area of

organised around a rectangular central courtyard

Helsingborg (SE), the special mention project The

(called a “Pihapiiri”) shared by several families (fig. 6).

Beach introduces a multi-programmatic strip made

The courtyard thus becomes a strategic spatial and

up of a variety of public situations, which connects

social configuration that incites new communities of

the urban fabric and its existing green spaces to the

agro-inhabitants to settle: it is an open space that

sea (fig. 8). Among these different situations, we find

encourages the coexistence of meeting spaces and

new gardens and green spaces, a food market and

small food production areas, leisure gardens and

broad terraces, extensions to the canal and new public

wetland, greenhouses and other shared services.

swimming pools, but also dedicated beach-sport and

This variation on the traditional courtyard is a reminder

sunbathing areas. In fact, it is the beach, with its modes

that the productive future of rural areas can also be

of occupancy and tacit principles of organisation, that

conceived in terms of new forms of sociability and

the project team has chosen as its new principle of

proximities. The courtyard is both a spatial arrangement

arrangement. However, the beach is also the sacred

and a way of life: to share a courtyard is also to share

sphere of leisure and recreation, and it is precisely this

social values, to identify with the same environmental

atmosphere – imbued with pleasure and pastimes – that

engagement.

it seeks to establish in order to revitalise the abandoned docklands. For The Beach, a productive urban milieu

2. Inclusive settings

must above all produce pleasure and leisure, new forms

No innovation without connection: the motto of the

of attachment between a territory and its occupants,

winning project Rambla + Kapsalon in Rotterdam

and reinforce the joyful sense of belonging to a dynamic

Visserijplein (NL), also emphasises the placement

urban milieu.

and spacing of a pattern of socialisation as the

Through these spatial and unifying reconfigurations (the

primary condition for (re)making a milieu. The Europan

courtyard, the avenue, the beach), the teams implant

project site is a square located in the heart of BoTu,

the seeds of new shared values by imagining new

a multicultural neighbourhood identified by the city

spatiotemporal rituals that help to reinforce territorial

as “vulnerable”. While the goal is to give the area

social cohesion.

a socio-economic boost, the focus of the winning team’s proposal is nevertheless to create a sense of

III — CONSTRUCTING THE TIMEFRAMES

community, seen as an essential preliminary stage

OF TRANSFORMATION.

in the neighbourhood’s economic and productive

Europan increasingly asks teams to think about the

redevelopment (fig. 7). The project is structured around

notion of transformation processes as drivers of gradual

the figure of the rambla: a broad avenue with plantings

and economically sustainable territorial change. From

that reshapes the space of the existing square along a new axis, extending the revitalisation from the centre of the neighbourhood towards its outer edges. Identifiable by its handling of the ground surface, as well as by the multicoloured patterns of its canopy, designed to shelter the market from rain, the rambla is not projected into the area like some fully predetermined and frozen structure.

7 — ROTTERDAM VISSERIJPLEIN (NL), WINNER — RAMBLA + KAPSALON > SEE MORE P.253

8 — HELSINGBORG (SE), SPECIAL MENTION — THE BEACH > SEE MORE P.243

227


this perspective, time, as a social and human construct,

These temporary artistic interventions act as new and

itself becomes a productive element. Constructing time

revitalising spatial experiments with multiple potentials –

is a way to project the rhythms (H.Lefebvre, 1992) of

for future exploration – and help to catalyse a collective

the spaces/times and the successive states that will

desire to see these spaces lastingly transformed.

lead to a gradual regeneration of milieus. Following the current of what is called today temporal urbanism

2. Reappropriating, or re-aestheticising

(L.Gwiazdzinski, 2013), the advantages of this

Constructing the change process and generating

processual approach seem multiple.

inclusive new rhythms of interaction with the milieu. Silent transformations can be brutal and opaque.

228

1. Testing, prototyping

Allowing time for change is a way to implant new

An immediate way of using small, reversible and low

forms of dialogue between the milieu in transition

cost interventions to pre-test outcomes. Architectural,

and the (future) users, by encouraging a process of

urban and landscape intentions can be translated

individual and collective support for the adoption

in different ways in order to implement forms of

of change. This is precisely what is happening in

intervention that are halfway between reversible and

Saint-Omer (FR), where the runner-up team behind 9

permanent. A first significant intervention can act as a

Places to the Sea proposes to implement an event-

seed of transformation. It is precisely on this potentially

based process to prepare the transformation of the

seminal role in the transformation of Magasin 405 in

area. Exploring the sites and identifying the strategic

Helsingborg (SE) that the winning team in A Seat at the

places for intervention, organising landscape and city

Table relies. The team thus proposes to convert the

walks, setting up an itinerant biennial to establish new

place gradually, in a process punctuated by different

patterns of cultural encounter: with these instruments

periods of temporary occupancy (fig. 9). In order to

of territorial discovery and reappropriation, the aim is

match the calendar of H22 City expo, the team proposes

to emphasise the construction of a shared vision of

creating a monumental circular opening, pierced

possible transformation as a necessary preliminary

upward through the different levels of the warehouse,

(fig. 10). This desire to rethink the instruments of

in such a way that the building can be rediscovered

project design and representation also expresses a

and enjoyed in a new light. The open well is conceived

wish to re-aestheticise the objectives of the project,

as an atrium, in the centre of which performances and

provided that “the word aesthetic is understood in its

other artistic events can be held. In this first stage

former sense of the capacity to “perceive” and to be

of occupancy, therefore, art is employed as a way

“concerned”, in other words a capacity to sensitise

to re-appropriate existing urban objects and places.

oneself” (B.Latour, 2014).

9 — HELSINGBORG (SE), WINNER — A SEAT AT THE TABLE > SEE MORE P.241

10 — SAINT-OMER (FR), RUNNER-UP — 9 PLACES TO THE SEA > SEE MORE P.258


LOCAL ATTRACTOR

ACTIVATE BUILDINGS

PRODUCTIVE GROUND FLOORS

NEW MOBILITY

ACTIVATE AREAS

PRODUCTIVE ROOFS

UNSEAL SURFACES

BUILDINGS FLEXIBLE IN USE

PROVIDE EXPERIMENTAL FIELDS

11 — BERGISCHE KOOPERATION (DE), WINNER — BERGISCH PLUGIN > SEE MORE P.237 3. Adapting, making adaptable

during the development of the project. Scenarios

Cultivating fertile uncertainty and the possibilities

express the reversible and adaptable aspect of the initial

of readjustment during transformation requires the

locations that drive the process-project. The timeframes

adoption of a more flexible and adaptable way of city

shape and activate the many spatial potentials, giving

making. In Bergische Kooperation (DE), the winning

even greater scale to the new reality thus constructed.

team behind Bergisch Plugin employs different

The transformation processes become the drivers of gradual and economically sustainable territorial change. And the time, a productive element

instruments to adapt

What distinguishes these different process-project

the project over time:

strategies is the quest for handholds in and with the

the toolbox, phases and

real that will be used to implant the idea in the milieu

scenarios (fig. 11). Whether

and gradually to initiate its transformation. There are

used individually and/or in

as many processes to be devised and undertaken as

combination, they are a way

there are situations.

to implant acupunctural solutions and to adjust the

CONCLUSION

next stage of transformation

Whether the aim is to intensify the synergistic potential

to take account of the

of nonhuman resources to become part of the milieu

initial effects. The toolbox

and to reconsider our metabolic attachments to the

functions as a set of generic

living world and to natural cycles; or to reorganise

solutions that can be

human settlements around new unifying and

applied locally in different

regenerative settings in order to activate new modes

places, giving global coherence to the whole territory

of cohabitation and coproduction; or to employ the

covered by the intermunicipal partnership in Bergische.

timeframes of transformation as productive processual

This consists of a discontinuous mesh that can be

vehicles for the introduction of a more adaptable,

either pursued and reinforced or readjusted to take

inclusive and resilient form of city making, the spectrum

account of the impact of the first regeneration projects.

of possible project strategies is becoming broader

The rules are therefore clear, but their application and

and richer. New productive milieus are implanted by

development remain flexible. The phases proposed for

interactions, interactions that are always multiple, varied

the project are more guidelines than prescriptions: they

and responsible, between everything that constitutes

help to trigger a long-term effort, to provide a vehicle

the living world. Ultimately, that is what the projects

for transformation that might bifurcate at certain points

discussed here help us to see, to feel and to think.

229


BARCELONA (ES) PROJECT SCALE — L – urban + architecture

SITE PROPOSED BY — Barcelona City Council /

LOCATION — Barcelona, Nou Barris, Vallbona

Urban Ecology

POPULATION — 1,608,746 / 164,881 / 1,334 inhab.

OWNER OF THE SITE — Public and private ownership

STRATEGIC SITE — 94 ha

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Planning and/or project

PROJECT SITE — 16.5 ha

development, depending on the winning proposals

Jaume Barnada — Project Coordinator. International Relations, Strategy and Sustainability Culture Directorate, Urban Ecology – Barcelona City Council 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

This strategy is based on the principles of densification and naturalization, along with the proximity of the facilities to homes. Vallbona is an opportunity to make the territory more complex and move towards values in line with the level of sustainability required by the climate emergency. Projects can no longer be designed on the basis of the architectural gesture. They must now contemplate actions aimed at mitigating climate change and adapting habitats to new living conditions. The process opened up by Europan should generate a period for reflection that is necessary to define a productive and integrated landscape. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

Barcelona’s largest agricultural plot is in Vallbona. The city should 230

be a mix of uses and production should be integrated into everyday life, without reservations. It would be a mistake to think of this project as a site for an extension to agricultural uses. That would move us away from the present situation and the results we are seeking. We regard the chosen proposals as reflections that develop a catalogue of mixed solutions of relationships between housing, productivity and urban spaces. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN COMPETITION?

The sites proposed by Barcelona City Council are accompanied by development and implementation processes. In this edition of Europan, a joint administration + citizen decision-making process is proposed, which will lead to a strategic or master plan aimed at generating planning commitments for the definition of an overall plan and the subsequent execution of construction and public space projects, which in the medium term, will shape a productive landscape.


Blue Lines

BARCELONA (ES) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — C. Enrich (ES)

CONTACT — Gomis 26, baixos 2,

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — A. Campmany (ES), J. Martí (ES), I. Caprioli (IT),

08023 Barcelona (ES)

C. Jiménez (ES), A. de Castro (ES), Architects; C. Casanovas (ES), C. González

+34 933153414 / info@carlesenrich.com

(ES), Students in architecture; CÍCLICA, Sustainability and environment

www.carlesenrich.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Vallbona is the redoubt of the productive

system developed in Barcelona between the 10th and the 19th centuries, and nowadays destroyed by urban growth. We propose to improve the productive condition of the Besós River using the recovery of Rec Comtal water to irrigate productive gardens and reconnecting La Ponderosa and the river. The new neighbourhood is based on cyclic metabolism with water management at the centre, understanding production in 4 axes that allow self-sufficiency and the transmission of knowledge generating maximum diffusion: air quality and sport, energy self-sufficiency, orchards and farms production, and education and culture. We propose the insertion of different housing units with common and productive spaces, linked to urban gardens. We recover the logic of the agricultural division and locate the units following Rec Comtal, endowing it with greater urban sense as a street. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project proposes a quite correct

model. Although the vegetable plots are new, they make a clear reference to the existing garden. A highly satisfactory solution for the bridge is proposed. The project is sensitive to the topography, which it uses to its own benefit to blur the boundaries that mark the infrastructure. It opens up a debate about the treatment of the canal. It changes its current purpose, inserted between buildings, the bulk of which perspective, this treatment of the canal could be considered as a virtue, since it makes the canal an axis of activity that obliges it to be safeguarded.

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Living Soils 232

BARCELONA (ES) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — T. Hidalgo Nácher (ES), J. Sanmartín González (ES),

CONTACT — Nacher Sanmartin Architects

D. Molas Gual (ES), Architects / CONTRIBUTOR(S) — A. Adeva Bustos (ES),

www.nachersanmartin.com

Environmentalist; A. Sánchez Cordero (ES), Sustainability consultant;

contact@nachersanmartin.com

F. Jiawen (CN), Student in architecture

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Reveal the Landscape — The proposal

enhances the Vallbona’s geographical consciousness emphasizing the hydric condition of the site. Living Soils — We extend the productive logic of the agricultural plot of La Ponderosa to the rest of the neighbourhood, promoting a soft and continuous landscape. Synchronised Growth — We propose a gradual growth in which production and consumption cycles are synchronized. Complexity and Urban Metabolism — We promote the consolidation of a complex, polycentric, diverse and multi-scale neighbourhood, as well as the creation of closed cycles of energy and water exchange with the environment. Open Process — The proposal is based on the idea of collaborative urbanism in which neighbours and citizens can actively participate in the design and management of the spaces. Productive Cooperative — We propose the creation of a sustainable agricultural cooperative. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project proposes a strategy that can

grow gradually and generate pilot projects that can be tested and assessed over time. It solves the issue of the connection between the housing and the town’s residential fabric, with farm buildings facing each other, which generate public spaces, intersecting tracks, and relations within the community. It encourages a productive model which can be implemented not only by the new settlers, but also by the existing ones. Finally, it creates a sense of centrality for the area.


Overlapping Vallbona

BARCELONA (ES) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Javier Rocamonde (ES), Natalia Alvaredo (ES),

CONTACT — Passeig de Montjuïc 32/34 2° 2ª,

Gemma Milà (ES), Emmanuelle Blondeau (FR), Architects,

08004 Barcelona (ES)

urbanists; Adrián Río Lado (ES), Corentin Berger (FR), Architects;

+34 646286273 / taller@bivaque.net / www.bivaque.net /

Léonard Cattoni (FR), Landscaper

www.datumarquitectura.com / www.atelierbergermila.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The Vallbona territorial location confers it

a great potential as a hinge between the Serralada de Marina Park, the Serra de Collserola Natural Park and the Besòs Riverside Park, extending its area of influence to the littoral. Additionally, the Rec Comtal, which crosses and has longitudinally structured the site since the 10th century, enables Vallbona to act as a link between the urban and suburban green spaces. It is precisely this convergence of systems, timings and scales that allows to affirm that several Vallbonas simultaneously coexist, although nowadays they struggle to blend with one another. Based on this observation, the cornerstone of “Overlapping Vallbona” aims to articulate the overlay of those layers that have been piling up over the centuries. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The proposal is interesting on account of

its large-scale perspective and its specific definition of the different strategies for the transformation and management of the area. The recovery processes proposed for the Rec Comptal channel and the Riera de Tapioles stream are interesting. The public space is characterised, through a flexibility of uses and design criteria, as a system that brings the area together.

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Interchanger

BARCELONA (ES) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Joan Suñé Almenar (ES),

CONTACT — 41 Raval de la Roca Bruna, 08230 Matadepera (ES)

Architect, landscaper

+32 600337765 jassarchitects@gmail.com / www.jassarc.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — “Interchanger” is based on a

comprehensive territorial analysis to understand the global context of Barcelona. Vallbona is located just between the Collserola, Besòs and Serralada de Marina Natural Parks. There is no current connector between these natural areas, so we propose a green corridor that structures the place and connects the different natural areas as an interchanger. The corridor is proposed as a hybrid space composed of different habitats that generate a new ecosystem. The landscapes are recreated based on a morphological and environmental interpretation of the mentioned natural parks. “Interchanger” is a reflection of the change in the social and scientific paradigm, a new moral and ethical position that evaluates and solves the conditions for the correct evolution of the city with nature.

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BERGISCHE KOOPERATION (DE) PROJECT SCALE — XL/L/S – territory /

STRATEGIC SITE — 16.7 ha; 91.9 ha; 20.7 ha; 48.42 ha

urban + architecture / architecture + context

PROJECT SITE — 2.8 ha; 43 ha; 42.5 ha; 12 ha

LOCATION — Hilden, Ratingen, Solingen and Wülfrath-Düssel

SITE PROPOSED BY — Bergische Struktur –

POPULATION — Hilden 58,000 inhab.;

und Wirtschaftsförderungsgesellschaft mbH

Ratingen 92,300 inhab.; Solingen 159,000 inhab.;

OWNER OF THE SITE — Public and private owners

Wülfrath-Düssel 21,200 inhab.

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Urban layout plan

Bergische Kooperation — Hilden, Ratingen, Solingen, Wülfrath 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The goal of the competition was to define strategic concepts for new forms of urban development that would integrate housing with production and infrastructure. Within the four cities of Hilden, Ratingen, Solingen and Wülfrath, four sites were chosen for their exemplarity for many other sites within the region (Bergisches Land). Specific solutions for the sites should be developed and besides the topic of housing —­which is urgent everywhere— future working HILDEN

environments should also be integrated. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

The region “Bergisches Land” and its urbanization is historically defined by production. Here we find a lot of “productive cities”. Nevertheless, the heavy industry is shrinking; it needs less and less space or vanishes completely. Also, the smaller cities have to

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react to this change and the progression of the digital sector. New spaces and new mobility networks will be needed for this new kind of production. RATINGEN

3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN COMPETITION?

We want to set up workshops with the winning teams to transform the competition results into applicable planning principles. One goal would be to develop a catalogue of measures that can be used to start processes in cities or to accompany these processes in the future.

SOLINGEN

WÜLFRATH-DÜSSEL


LOCAL ATTRACTOR

ACTIVATE BUILDINGS

PRODUCTIVE GROUND FLOORS

NEW MOBILITY

ACTIVATE AREAS

PRODUCTIVE ROOFS

UNSEAL SURFACES

BUILDINGS FLEXIBLE IN USE

PROVIDE EXPERIMENTAL FIELDS

Bergisch Plugin

BERGISCHE KOOPERATION (DE) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Nikolai Werner (DE), Urbanist;

CONTACT — Team Pesto

Daniel Branchereau (DE), Vassilissa Airaudo (FR), Architects;

+33 15734733630

Moritz Scharwächter (DE), Student in architecture

mail@teampesto.de / www.teampesto.de

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TEAM POINT OF VIEW — We have developed planning principles

which define the framework conditions and the necessary development points. These principles are summarized in superordinate plugins that form the ecological, economic, sociocultural and functional framework conditions for a productive city. In order to close the productive gap within the cities, necessary

HILDEN

criteria are again bundled into subordinate plugins. Subsequently, they are inserted in the planning area and improve the specific local conditions of the neighbourhood in terms of a productive city. Attributes have been defined specifically for this purpose to create an environment in which users can evolve productively.

SOLINGEN

JURY POINT OF VIEW — The team develops planning principles

that can be transferred respectively to the other municipalities of different size and character that are part of the Bergische Kooperation. The nine principles proposed are suitable for further developing what already exists as well as for new construction. They are clearly described and differentiated in system sketches in such a way that they are understandable and adaptable. They also combine a theoretical basis with practical, possible processes of implementation in a coherent manner.

HILDEN

SOLINGEN


The Productive Region AUTHOR(S) — Marc Rieser (DE), Urbanist

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BERGISCHE KOOPERATION (DE) — WINNER CONTACT — Köln (DE)

+49 17631326426 marc.rieser@hotmail.de

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — “The Productive Region” presents itself

as a concept for regional and local strategic planning. Here, at the regional level particularly, the inter-municipal cooperation of the Bergische Kooperation is addressed and gives first guard rails, which are to serve in the further planning as supporting pillar. At the local level, the focus is on the implementation of the Zukunftsquartiere at the respective locations. The concept focuses on sustainable, inclusive and qualitative implementation. Productivity is more than just the combination of living and working, it is a mix of different uses and diverse milieus at one place that creates a vibrant and liveable location. This concept is to be implemented individually for all four locations with their own characteristics. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The team elaborates a holistic planning

strategy based on the themes of the session: ecological resources, new mobility, and fairness, in combination with a regional, collective approach to the Bergische Kooperation that reacts individually to the local qualities and potentials of the different sites. The strategy for the region is developed as a logical and sustainable concept that offers a comprehensive guiding principle based on a tool kit for the topics of space, use, ecology, and mobility. Applied to the respective sites, the concept finds coherent implementation and localization in networked infrastructures and circulation systems.



HELSINGBORG (SE) PROJECT SCALE — S – architecture + context

SITE PROPOSED BY — Municipality of Helsingborg

LOCATION — Oceanhamnen, Helsingborg

OWNER OF THE SITE — Municipality of Helsingborg

POPULATION — 140,000 inhab.

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Re-development of Magasin 405

STRATEGIC SITE — 78 ha / PROJECT SITE — 6,300 m2 (incl.

and the crane engine room for exhibition H22 in collaboration with

1,980 m occupied by Magasin 405)

the Municipality of Helsingborg

2

City of Helsingborg — 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The main goal is to find solutions and new ideas for the transformation of the old harbour warehouse to include future use. The competition task was to re-use and re-purpose the warehouse and the crane engine room into a productive meeting place in the city, while adding building volumes to accommodate public activities and housing units within the project site. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

The site and the building will become an important component of the future area. To find productive uses for the site is not obvious, and it is not yet determined how to integrate the aspect of productivity into the site. The aim of the competition was for the new content to enhance Oceanhamnen and help connect the segregated neighbourhoods on the North and on the South of the city centre. The building should give a new dynamic to the district, and to the 240

city as a whole. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN COMPETITION?

The municipality is currently working on defining and formulating the future process. The site will host a city fair in 2022 —known as “H22”— and the aim is for the winning team to be involved.


A Seat at the Table

HELSINGBORG (SE) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Björn Förstberg (SE), Mikael Ling (SE),

CONTACT — Förstberg Ling

Eke Wondaal (NE), David Ottosson (SE), Architects

Regementsgatan 20, 21142 Malmö (SE) +46 730556559 / info@forstbergling.com / www.forstbergling.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — “A Seat at the Table” anchors

Oceanhamnen in a history of production. For H22, Helsingborg’s youngest citizens are invited to build a temporary city, while a monumental atrium is opened in the warehouse for exhibitions and performances. The crane begins its new life as an art platform —a skyhook for hanging fountains, projections or installations. Following H22, Magasin 405 becomes a library and laboratory for material culture —new forms of interaction focused on production. Brick rowhouses mirror the warehouse and enclose a rich and intimate public garden. The quay is enlivened by markets, bike repair and a verdant boardwalk. “A Seat at the Table” is a hub for productive culture and collaboration. Both safe and exciting, everyone is invited to engage or simply to enjoy the show. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project convincingly shows the old

magazine gradually taken into use. Through temporary use during H22, the presence of the building is established as a destination in Helsingborg, and can then live on. The changes proposed accommodate many of the current qualities and allow for the character of the magazine to be preserved. The central hole with the staircase creates a connecting space and brings light into the building in a beautiful manner.

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Hello Helsingborg 242

HELSINGBORG (SE) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Young Eun Choi (KR),

CONTACT — +47 46442360

Jon Danielsen Aarhus (NO), Architects;

choiyoungeun@icloud.com

Tore Holberg (NO), Artist

www.youngeunchoi.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Our idea for Magasin 405 is to keep

the façade and have translucent atrium on top to get the ambient light diffused inside. The program will be cafés, restaurants, shops, studio spaces, workshops and arenas for concerts, plays or other events. Housing is based on the courtyard typology with a garden or “kolonihage” in between, creating enough distance between every apartment. These have their own entrance on the street level; they also have one large common living space on the ground level with large windows towards the courtyard; the second floor receives the bedrooms. Three different sizes of flats are proposed (83 sqm, 100 sqm, and 122 sqm.) The crane will be transformed into a looking tower with a circular wooden terrace around the blue box, which will be turned into a form of peeping hole exhibition box. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project transforms the old magazine

into a large gathering room with wonderful qualities. The proposal shows great respect for the exterior of the building, and instead makes more sizable adjustments to the ceilings and beams. The large general room inspires a variety of uses in a good way. A lot can happen here!


The Beach

HELSINGBORG (SE) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Jose M. Mateo Torres (ES), Jose Inglés (ES),

CONTACT — C/Medieras 2 piso 4, 30201 Cartagena (ES)

Architects; Ana Maria Larios (ES), Artist

+34 646983897

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Andres Ríos (ES), Victor Pérez (ES),

mateotorres.jm@gmail.com

Students in architecture; Oscar Romero (ES), Architect

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The proposal is a commitment to an open

and flexible public space, the Beach. By joining the Stadsparken and the Magasin 405, a straightforward bandage of public situations is settled, the main goal of which is the production of leisure for the city of Helsignborg. In addition, with this strategy, the consolidated city is linked with the new constructions and harbour, reconquering the public space and connecting the citizens directly to the sea. “The Beach” is an open and free space structured by intangible limits conditioned by climate, plants or human activities. Magasin 405 is conceived as the start but also the end point of the whole proposal, where the activity is congregated, producing entertaining as a main goal. The building has been historically conceived as a warehouse and producer of several items. From now on, amusement will be the product saved and offered in it.

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PALMA (ES) PROJECT SCALE — XL/S – territory / architecture + context

OWNER OF THE SITE — Balearic Islands Regional Government,

LOCATION — Parc Bit, Palma, Mallorca, Islas Baleares

Parc Bit

POPULATION — 402,772 inhab.

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Design and construction of one

STRATEGIC SITE — 141.5 ha / PROJECT SITE — 2.5 ha

of the elements resulting from the definitive plan (public space,

SITE PROPOSED BY — Balearic Islands Regional Government

Metro station, collective housing/residence)

Balearic Islands Regional Government — 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The goals of the site mutation are the following: to build a terminal metro station to serve the Parc Bit; to reorganise the area affected by the construction of the station building; to improve access and mobility between the Parc Bit and the university campus, 1.5 km away. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

The effects on productivity will be the results of the improved interconnection between the city centre and its suburbs and the technological and business park, as well as the generation of a closer link to the University.

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3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN COMPETITION?

The process that will start after the competition result will consist in coordinating the winning team and the organisations managing the operation —SFM, the railway administration authority, which is promoting the extension of the Palma Metro line and the construction of the new station, and Parc Bit, the body which is directly concerned with the initiative and the managing authority for the spaces affected by the transformation process.


Beginning at the End

PALMA (ES) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Catalina Salvà Matas (ES),

CONTACT — Salvà Ortín Arquitectes

Hector Ortín Isern (ES),

Barcelona (ES) / Mallorca (ES)

Architects

+34 936606370 / +34 971664130 info@salvaortin.com / www.salvaortin.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The new metro station at Parc BIT is

an opportunity to create a new centrality for the Parc and also a gate to the UNESCO Serra de Tramuntana Cultural Landscape. Through the creation of a square that will generate a new identity and with the aim to improve relationships with the site as well as being environmentally friendly, the project is developed through five metabolic strategies: an exchanging square connecting all the existing and new paths and mobilities; a new identity landscape made with the excess soils of the metro excavation; a reintroduction of a network of water features for the new agricultural park; a selfmanaged and responsible food production and consumption; and the reduction of the emissions and the optimization of the production of renewable energies. JURY POINT OF VIEW — This process begins with public spaces as

generators of urbanity. The Metro station is mixed with a public space with a territorial dimension in which accommodation is included. The architecture is sober and includes metabolic principles such as the use of green façades and water recycling. The vegetation serves to renaturalise and retain the composition. This project strives to improve the pre-existing metabolic system and furthermore, it has spatial qualities which are not found in the other submissions.

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Infrastructural Fields

PALMA (ES) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Pau Villalonga Munar (ES),

CONTACT — C/ Ruben Darío 7, Lloseta, 07360 Mallorca (ES)

Gerardo Pérez de Amezaga Tomás (ES),

hola@sonestudi.com

Architects

www.sonestudi.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — “Infrastructural Fields” is a project based

on generating an architectural tool rather than an architectural object. Starting from analysis, the proposal establishes a “game board” defined by the context’s urban and environmental conditions. The project presents a catalogue of tactics and strategies that can be combined in many different ways and scales. Nevertheless, common strategies regarded to construction materials, mixedused programs, relationship with public space and context, create a unique thread that will bring interventions together. The main goal is to bring a support to create an ecological and productive environment based on multiple interactions of different programmes with a sustainable and intermingled way of life.

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Parc-in

PALMA (ES) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Guayente García Sanmartín (ES),

CONTACT — guayentegs@gmail.com

Jaime Feliu de Cabrera (ES), Miguel Rami Guix (ES),

moreraestudio@gmail.com

Architects

j.feliu.salas@gmail.com

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Gabriela Bacca (ES), Landscaper

www.moreraestudio.com / www.azconarchitectures.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — “Parc-in” is an urban consolidation

project based on the creation of a unique productive environment, the Parc Bit-Universidad UIB, and its relationship with Palma. Through a transdisciplinary design based on energy flows and CO2 compensation as a project strategy, a pedestrian axis is established connecting the Parc Bit with the UIB, articulating different facilities, parking lots as new opportunity spaces and new and existing green spaces. This new system enhances the synergy between the two knowledge nodes generating new uses and activities that enhance the public life of users. The proposed new station, housing and residence will be essential to consolidate the development of the Parc Bit as a unique IT complex. Mixed, plural, diverse and well aware of the surrounding environment.



RAUFOSS (NO) PROJECT SCALE — L/S – urban + architecture /

PROJECT SITE — 8 ha

architecture + context

SITE PROPOSED BY — Municipality of Vestre Toten

LOCATION — Raufoss, Vestre Toten municipality

OWNER OF THE SITE — Municipality and private owners

POPULATION — 7,315 inhab.

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Planning and building

STRATEGIC SITE — 106 ha

commission

Kjersti Flatråker — Area Planner, municipality of Vestre Toten 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The goal is to develop the inner city centre of Raufoss to a multifunctional area. The city was founded upon the development of an ammunition factory more than 100 years ago and evolved due to the growth and changes that occurred there. The industrial area and the rest of the city are living separated lives with too little interaction. Raufoss needs workers with high skills and often with specific education. To attract the right people to settle here, we need a competitive city that is interesting for people to live in and that invites people to meet. Densification is also an important issue in Raufoss. We need new and more flexible solutions for housing and accommodation where people can stay for shorter and longer periods. Likewise, the infrastructure in Raufoss should be developed with better solutions for people who walk or bike. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

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A lot of production is already taking place in Raufoss. The site is situated between the industrial area and the city centre and we hope to develop more interaction between both. The production of both products and services can increase with the cooperation and coexisting lives of the inhabitants if they can both live and work in the same area. Creating places and meeting points where people can come together and exchange knowledge and ideas can help develop and increase productivity. Synergies of interaction are well-known in clusters of the companies in the industrial park. We would like to challenge them for more interaction with the rest of the community. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN COMPETITION?

We have not yet defined the coming process, but we hope for a cooperation to transform the winner’s suggestions into an overall plan and detailed zoning plan for the site. The municipality has invited the winning team to a workshop to discuss further. The Raufoss site is a big area with a lot of tasks to be solved in different phases. We hope to be able to use ideas of other Europan teams. We have an agreement with the runner-up team to contact them when we have more knowledge about the situation and the cooperation with the owners in the area.


Sewn Heart

RAUFOSS (NO) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — L. Navarro Jover (ES), C. Sánchez García (ES),

CONTACT — LA ERRERÍA * ARCHITECTURE OFFICE

Architects; A. Arrasate García (ES), I. Burgos Alvarado (ES),

Calle María Auxiliadora, 2 – bajo izda., 03660 Novelda (ES)

J. M. López Carreño (ES), N. Martínez Martínez (ES),

+34 966935300

Students in architecture

info@erreria.com / www.erreria.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — It is expected that the annual population

increase may even be amplified in the next two decades. This process is the conclusion of the effort made by the different workers of local industries, businesses and facilities, and also by a large number of courageous policies that have been carried out both at the municipal and national levels in pursuit of sustainability, housing flexibility and, ultimately, social cohesion. The resulting architecture from this participatory process should not be closed on the delimited environment of the project, but should always be understood from a relational situation with an outside that has enabled its transformation. “Sewn Heart” advocates the research of opportunities for the inclusion of all these agents in the city’s future transformation. JURY POINT OF VIEW — “Sewn Heart” is a systemic approach that

allows for an incremental, yet holistic, transformation of the site into a new civic centre for the future of Raufoss. The proposal combines a set of bold moves —a relocated train station, bridges stitching together the industrial and urban areas, and the opening up of an introvert shopping mall— with a fine-grain urbanism of small open spaces and carefully scaled mixed-use blocks. The project embraces a post-oil era with the introduction of soft mobility, compact mixedused urban form and a fine grain pedestrian grid, urban farming and renewable energy. The industrial heritage aspect is approached conceptually through a systemic attitude, which nevertheless supports the development of a humanistic urbanism that is convincing.

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This Must Be the Place 250

RAUFOSS (NO) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Andreas Kalstveit (NO),

CONTACT — andreas.kalstveit@gmail.com / +47 92620525

Jørgen Johan Tandberg (NO), Architects

jorgen.johan.tandberg@aho.no / +47 40746107

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Louis Gervais (CH), Architect

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — As the future development of Raufoss

will require a city centre that can accommodate an expansion of its industrial, civic and commercial activities, the project is focuses on proposing an urban structure that can allow these modes of production to blend, to coexist and to share the invested resources. The proposal consists of 3 development phases that form a new way of moving through the centre of Raufoss as a sequence of open spaces between buildings and the river park. To allow flexible spaces for production, public activities and shared amenities, as well as housing, we have proposed buildings with expansive podiums that work with the site topography to create a more continuous urban landscape. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The proposal celebrates a modernist past

of rationality and scale that connects well to the industrial heritage of the place. The aesthetics of the built elements seduces with clever and modest architecture while not convincing in its totality. The phasing of the proposal is uncomplicated and provides a reasonable strategy for the municipality. However, the proposal also neglects large parts of the site, leaving them behind without an envisioned future. Perhaps the proposal puts forth a typology that is too industrial and not enough forward looking in terms of the municipality’s wish to reinvent itself.


Today Tomorrow

RAUFOSS (NO) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Amund Eggum Wangen (NO), Sophie Fernet (FR),

CONTACT — Torggt 52 – PB13, 2301 Hamar (NO)

Bojana Barać (RS), Architects;

+47 48131340

Thyra Frederikke Grimstad (NO), Landscaper

post@studionsw.no / www.studionsw.no

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — Raufoss is rich in resources. The dynamics

of the Industry Park, Amfi and the council, offers big opportunities for the town. They will be used as the first stages as a starting point to preserve and develop the other resources. The goal of the project is not to present a utopian and idealistic project. We must be pragmatic in order to transform Raufoss today into a resilient town for tomorrow. The project acts into two stages —today and tomorrow. It integrates with the resources Raufoss has today and the resources Raufoss should develop for tomorrow. The project will answer to the needs of today in three phases and then propose a development of the project for tomorrow, in which the three first phases are continued.

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ROTTERDAM VISSERIJPLEIN (NL) PROJECT SCALE — L/S – urban + architecture / architecture +

SITE PROPOSED BY — Municipality of Rotterdam

context

OWNER OF THE SITE — Public and private ownership

LOCATION — Rotterdam, Bospolder-Tussendijken, Visserijplein

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Design (or research-by-design)

POPULATION — 650,000 inhab.

assignment on implementation on the project site (or a site with

STRATEGIC SITE — 61.5 ha

similar characteristics) commissioned by the municipality of

PROJECT SITE — 2.2 ha

Rotterdam and/or private partners

Europan Nederland — 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The project site is located in the heart of Bospolder-Tussendijken. Twice a week the square is the setting of a busy market. On the other days of the week, it is a large underused open space. Pier 80, a multifunctional community centre, is located on one end of the square. Its current programme already attracts many residents, but should be more progressive. The challenge is to design a multifunctional building block in the heart of a multicultural, vulnerable neighbourhood, incorporating the local market and providing space to new forms of living, meeting, learning, making, playing and working to give the area a socio-economic boost. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

The City of Rotterdam seeks opportunities in the combination of accommodating its growth and creating a more inclusive city. To lift the socioeconomic status of vulnerable neighbourhoods, it focuses 252

on improving the perspective of vulnerable residents in the area. It aims to remove barriers so that everyone can participate more easily in social and societal processes, with equal opportunities in education, work, culture and sports. Upgrading and diversifying the housing stock, and improving educational infrastructures are important basic strategies. And strategic urban interventions are used to embed mixed programmes and facilities, empowering residents of all ages on multiple levels and building a just and equitable city. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN COMPETITION?

Characteristic of Rotterdam is the credo “making city together”. Municipality, market parties, corporations and other enthusiastic city makers are working together to build a productive, inclusive, healthy, circular and compact city. In order to put their money where their mouth is, the parties involved are now trying to actually bring the rich harvest of Europan 15 one step closer to realization, together with the winning teams. To this end, a workshop programme is established, in which thinking and doing go hand in hand. First leading questions for Visserijplein: The challenge to develop a productive city cannot be met by the design of monofunctional or isolated buildings alone. Therefore, we will view the E15 locations Kop Dakpark, Vierhavensblok and Visserijplein in relation to each other. Densification and construction are not the most important challenges facing the Visserijplein. It is the need to design a process and programme to help this vulnerable district of Rotterdam take a step forward in socioeconomic terms. With multiple activities and creative interventions, we aim to get to know the place through the eyes of local residents, entrepreneurs and other stakeholders.


Rambla + Kapsalon

ROTTERDAM VISSERIJPLEIN (NL) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Guillem Colomer (ES),

CONTACT — COFOarchitects

Architect, urbanist

Groshansstraat 4b, 3023SB Rotterdam (NL) +31 626409841 / info@cofoarchitects.com / www.cofoarchitects.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — A central urban avenue is created to

activate the neighbourhood with the most dynamic coexistence of activities. The mutual interference between the new BOTU Rambla and the multifunctional hub, the Kapsalon, will create a stimulating collective image with a multifaceted authentic expression that can represent the local community. A social space where citizens can interact in multiple ways, endlessly stimulating their creativity and broadening their knowledge. A happy cultural landscape for a peaceful open society in harmony with itself and with nature. A phased project that leads to a vibrant neighbourhood with a high level of mixed use and accommodates a wider range of activities, functions, people, building typologies, dimensions, tenures and affordability. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project understands the location in

its larger context. Introducing a “Rambla”, the team transforms the current square into a long vein that connects the districts of Bospolder and Tussendijken. This not only results in a lively urban environment, but also in a convincing route that extends Visserijweg on one side and runs across the heart of the district to the Dakpark and M4H’s Makers District. The weekly market is rehoused in a covered structure creating a public space that can not only accommodate the weekly market throughout the seasons, but also all kinds of other programmes.

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Productive Void 254

ROTTERDAM VISSERIJPLEIN (NL) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Michael Daane Bolier (NL),

CONTACT — M& DB architecten

Dorus Meurs (NL), Architects

Binckhorstlaan 36 – M1.53, 2516BE Den Haag (NL) +31 640330073 / architecten@m-db.nl / www.m-db.nl

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The objective of “Productive Void” is

twofold: first, to anchor Visserijplein within the economic and social trajectories going through BoTu without nullifying the freedom ingrained in its public character; second, to tie together the surrounding urban fabric by maintaining its quality as a void. “Productive Void” consists of three architectural interventions named Pavilion, Beam and Tower. The pavilion contains the Pier80 and the Library’s upgraded program where you can study and discover, but also do and experiment. The tower houses a start-up space in its plinth with small sized starter units on top, organised around a shared winter garden. In the plinth of the beam, a range of workliving types offer makers-spaces allowing a diverse productive program with houses on top organised around a shared deck. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The project transforms Visserijplein as

a place that offers lifelong career opportunities. This plan pays attention to the existing residents and the economic opportunities they have throughout their lives. The choice to house all major neighbourhood functions in a new multifunctional building with a tower, block and bar is a simple but conceptually strong one. Such a building could well function as a catalyst for rich socioeconomic life in the neighbourhood. The building has a green side and a square side, which makes both qualities of the location visible. The plan is cleverly situated in the public space, the green corner building provides the area with the face it now lacks. The energy generation square also meets with the jury’s approval.


Rotterdam Housing-Hub AUTHOR(S) — David Maximilian Tantimonaco (IT), Architect

ROTTERDAM VISSERIJPLEIN (NL) — SPECIAL MENTION CONTACT — Dirck Hoffstraat 15B, 3024VB Rotterdam (NL)

+39 3491645195 dmtk.arch@gmail.com / www.linkedin.com/in/davidtantimonaco/

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The main aim was to develop a project

able to grow together with the urban scale and to create relationships between current and future residents of the neighbourhood. The project is based on three elements: the greenhouse, the library, and the housing-hub. The greenhouse is a production area where people can share their knowledge in a casual environment, using the production as a trigger for a cultural and social change. The library is an element that protects the square and its activities, attracting a full area of the city. And the housing-hub is a platform that combines modular constructions according to the transformations of the entire neighbourhood from time to time, carrying out a process that could create economic and social conditions to facilitate the inclusion of luxury apartments.

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SAINT-OMER (FR) PROJECT SCALE — XL/S – territory / architecture + context

SITE PROPOSED BY — Agence d’Urbanisme et de

LOCATION — Communities of Salperwick, Saint-Martin

Développement Pays de Saint-Omer Flandre Intérieure

lez Tatinghem, Longuenesse, Arques and Saint-Omer

OWNER OF THE SITE — The municipalities

POPULATION — 45,000 inhab.

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Feasibility study and/or project

STRATEGIC SITE — 6165 ha / PROJECT SITE — 164 ha

management

Agence d’Urbanisme et de Développement — Pays de Saint-Omer Flandre Intérieure 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The history and development of the Pays de Saint-Omer are intimately linked to the presence and enhancement of the water resource. The Europan competition was an opportunity to reflect on the concept of productive water as a unifying territory project in the urban centre of Saint-Omer by reinforcing an integrated approach to urban projects and territorial development. It is a question of a joint reflection on the mutation of five sites in urban renewal, located at the interface between the city and the Audomarois marsh. The challenge was to initiate their requalification process in a logic of mixed functions, to create landscape and urban continuities and to reveal the presence of water. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

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The issue of productive cities is understood through the notion of productive water by questioning what the humid city of the 21st century will be. The question of productive water is tackled in its multiple aspects. It is treated as a resource, a lever of economic development, a major environmental issue, a vector of social cohesion or a support for the development of fun, cultural and sporting activities. It can be an important element of feeling of belonging to the territory. It calls for innovative approaches in the way of conceiving urban development in the context of deep ecological and social transitions. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN COMPETITION?

The work of the teams offers crossed visions and complementary approaches for territorial development in symbiosis with its resources. Work with the winning teams will be able to continue to foster the appropriation of a long-term vision of the territory, and support its progressive operational implementation across the project sites.


Hydro-Productive Parks

SAINT-OMER (FR) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Iris Chervet (FR),

CONTACT — 176 boulevard Berthier, 75017 Paris (FR)

Architect, urbanist, landscaper

+33 677733770 agence@irischervet.fr / www.irischervet.fr

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The geological duality of the region

generates landscapes of chalk and water. Two territorial structures amplify these landscapes and come in three nested scales. The exploration of the link between geology and industry allows to anchor the project into the productive bioregion. Rising waters by 2100 will favour Saint-Omer as a destination of the retro-littoral fold. Two productive parks appear along the canal and Vauban boulevard, creating “capable landscapes”, which will welcome an interlocal synergy network and a structure of densification. The hydraulic park foreshadows flood with an evolutive landscape, while soil transparency leads to urbanization. The chalky park reveals traces of a landscape Archaeology and deploys geothermics as a lever of urban renovation. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The author’s considerations are based

on the bioregion and rise in sea levels anticipated by 2100, forcing coastal activities to move inland. The proposal transcends administrative boundaries and is based on common topography. Two project sites are proposed for productive parks whose development and uses depend on the specific environmental characteristics. Based on a remarkable analysis of the geological and geographic landscape, the proposal is immensely forward‐looking and relevant on several spatial and temporal scales.

257


Saint-Omer: 9 Places to the Sea 258

SAINT-OMER (FR) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Mathieu Labeille (FR), Landscaper;

CONTACT — 54 rue du Taur, 31000 Toulouse (FR)

Ségolène Merlin-Raynaud (FR), Architect

+33 683265782 mathieu.labeille@grandtour-paysage.fr / www.grandtour-paysage.fr

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — A walk in Saint-Omer and its surroundings,

over 9 situations, shows, from upstream to downstream, a water that is distant, and then close, urban, and then agrarian, hidden, and omnipresent. From this, follows a federative figure, at once simple, recognizable and appropriable, which aims to read and understand the local territory; which inspires desires of transformation of its high places, deeply and lengthily. To communicate this vision, we decided to call landscape art in as a tool for a renewed dialogue with the territory. In search of the poetry of the possible futures, our work enters into an out-of-time reverie. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The team expresses its viewpoint in a

series of illustrations focusing on the landscape, pathways and the relationships between water and the city. The thematic triptych (water / walking / landscape) highlights the human and responsive dimension of productive water. The areas of intervention are broadened out in nine selected locations upstream and downstream of Saint-Omer. Both the graphic language and narrative statement place the landscape directly at the heart of a project with a strong cultural aspect.


Social Infrastructures

SAINT-OMER (FR) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Maxime Beel (FR),

CONTACT — 107 rue du Prévôt, 1050 Ixelles (BE)

Clément Ringot (FR),

+33 618751055

Architects

info@biosatelier.eu / www.biosatelier.eu

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The territory of Saint-Omer is defined

by water. Water is both the main resource of the region as well as its main threat. Floods, violent climatic episodes and other consequences of global warming are threatening the ecosystem of the marshlands, as well as its biodiversity. Today, municipalities spend a lot of energy to fix the damages, yet without handling the causes. The project aims to control the inflow of water upstream from the marshlands. It is a retention infrastructure at the scale of the agglomeration. This underground infrastructure is the basis for reinforcing the existing landscapes, the mobility of the city and the spaces of sociability above ground. Like a rosary, the project is a large multi-functional urban park, offering a new connection between the city and the marshes.

259


TUUSULA (FI) PROJECT SCALE — S – architecture + context

SITE PROPOSED BY — Municipality of Tuusula

LOCATION — Tuusula, Hyrylä

OWNER OF THE SITE — Municipality of Tuusula,

POPULATION — 38,600 inhab.

private land owners

STRATEGIC SITE — 41 ha / PROJECT SITE — 15 ha

POST-COMPETITION PHASE — Urban study, masterplan

Pia Sjöroos — Architect, Planning Director, Tuusula Municipality 1. WHAT ARE THE GOALS OF THE SITE MUTATION?

The site —the Anttila farming centre— is part of a rural landscape by Tuusula lake. It has served as a research and education centre for farming but has become mostly vacant. The goal is to find a new concept for the area and the historical buildings, and to combine productive functions with new housing. The waterfront should become a recreational area for local inhabitants. 2. HOW CAN THE SITE BE INTEGRATED IN THE ISSUES OF PRODUCTIVE CITIES? HOW DO YOU CONSIDER THE PRODUCTIVITY ISSUE?

The site has a long productive history as a farm. The goal is to transform it into a more versatile area where production, services and housing will co-exist in a new way. Some of the historical farm buildings are suitable for food production, or could be used for other functions as well. As proposed in the best competition entries, Anttila could function as a platform to develop ecological food production 260

methods. Circular economy and energy solutions will also play a key role in the area. 3. HAVE YOU ALREADY DEFINED A SPECIFIC PROCESS FOR THE URBAN AND/OR ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SITE AFTER EUROPAN COMPETITION?

The collaboration with the rewarded teams started after the competition with workshops and public presentations. Currently, the winners and runners-up are collaborating to develop their plans further. The winners are designing the farm area itself, while the other team focuses on the waterfront. Tuusula will make a detailed plan for the area based on the winning entry. The development of the shore area is expected to start in the coming summer of 2020.


Anttila Farm Incubator

TUUSULA (FI) — WINNER

AUTHOR(S) — Joana Gil Ribeiro (PT),

CONTACT — +46 723873857

Rui Cunha (PT), Architects

anttilafarmincubator@gmail.com

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Carolina Gil Ribeiro (PT), Territory engineer

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — “Anttila Farm Incubator” is an innovative

farming community, where agricultural pilot projects take place and are supported by a diversity of infrastructures, services, residences and research. The “Anttila Farm Incubator”combines the regeneration of the agricultural heritage with the research and development of new agricultural techniques and products, to promote a more sustainable and environmentally respectful community. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The land use plan for “Anttila Farm

Incubator” is based on densely built clusters of buildings that are located on the inside and outside of two mirroring crescents. The most important public space has been replaced with a landmark building that prominently weaves together the functions and themes of the area. This solution succeeds in lending a strong identity for the area as a whole. The proposal takes a broad-based approach to innovations in the areas of food and energy production and even incorporates them into the area’s resource-based and circular economy. “Anttila Farm Incubator” succeeds in integrating the spatial allocations, buildings and structures necessary for the circular economy at individual block level.

261


60ºNorth 262

TUUSULA (FI) — RUNNER-UP

AUTHOR(S) — Natalia Vera Vigaray (ES), Patxi Martin Dominguez (ES),

CONTACT — hi@office-shophouse.com

Josep Garriga Tarrés (ES), Emmanuel Laux (DE), Architects;

www.office-shophouse.com

Agnes Jacquin (FR), Landscaper; Alexandra Jansen (PL), Economist

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — The Timo potato, developed in Anttila,

has a short growing season, which makes it particularly suited for the Finnish climate. Similarly to the Timo potato, the interventions on the site are tailor-made. “60°North” works with the existing: it strives to understand and acknowledge the specific features of the place: ecology, people, heritage, knowledge, materials and physical structures. On site, the various productive activities and milieus act as many opportunities for the interaction of players involved in the food value chain: from the farmer to the researcher, the distributor and the end-consumer. Open spaces create fertile, productive continuities, which link urban and rural areas at the site and the metropolitan scales. JURY POINT OF VIEW — The land use concept is based on

rectangular courtyard style blocks that surround a local park. In terms of scope, “60°North” takes a cautious and conventional approach to land use and construction and offers a clear way to set development apart from the wider agricultural landscape. The cowshed, greenhouses and their surroundings form a seamless part of the wider land use concept. “60°North” ’s treatment of productivity, as well as local conditions, seasons and the scale of activity, is of an extremely high quality. With regard to cultivating the land, the proposal goes as far as to propose a specific scientific approach that would combine production and research.


Pihabitat

TUUSULA (FI) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Marina Basdekis (GR), Negin Armioun (IR), Architects

CONTACT — Pursimiehenkatu 6 C 5.krs, 00150 Helsinki (FI)

CONTRIBUTOR(S) — Léa Trouvé, Architect (FR), Architect;

+358 505169199

Meliina Rantalainen (FI), Aki Sahrman (FI), Students in architecture

marina.basdekis@arrak.com / www.arrak.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — “Pihabitat” is a concept that introduces

co-living in a Piha, or mixed-use courtyard, and sustainable circular production based on agriculture and multi-functional units. The project is inspired by Anttila’s historic qualities and aims to enhance the characteristics of Finnishness present on site besides its productive background. The core of the design interventions is to introduce a manual for a new interpretation of Pihapiiri. Production is dynamically integrated into the development of Anttila and the whole village works as a production entity. The aim is to add conversation between nature and the built environment and connect Anttila to the flow of people and global fabric of tourism by activating the lakeside as a recreational hub. Participatory methods are also included in Anttila building processes.

Symbiosis

263 TUUSULA (FI) — SPECIAL MENTION

AUTHOR(S) — Chau Nguyen (FI), Anastasia Luzina (FI),

CONTACT — Otaniementie 16, 02150 Espoo (FI)

Architects

Aalto University School of Arts, Design and Architecture +358 409329188 / acca.ark@gmail.com

TEAM POINT OF VIEW — “Symbiosis” is a relationship between two

or more organisms that live closely together. Symbiotic community means a collaborative, environment-friendly district. The concept is to develop human-nature relationships and to introduce a balanced lifestyle in Anttila. Biophilic design incorporates natural materials, light, vegetation and other natural experiences into the built environment. Nature-based design embraces natural values of the lake Tuusula and the farmland. The entrance of Anttila farm will serve as a meeting place and cultural hub for creative workers, artists and local farmers. The urban atmosphere fades off and nature lovers can find more intimate spaces on the North side. The connection to the lake is strengthened and embraced by seasonal festivals and activities.


264

WHAT


265

T NEXT?


Projects-Processes Manifesto Article by Bernd Vlay (AT) — architect, president of Europan Austria, Europan Scientific Committee’s member With the contribution of the other Europan Scientific Committee’s members: Carlos Arroyo (ES), architect, urban planner, teacher; Maurizio Carta (IT), architect, urban planner, teacher; Aglaée Degros (BE), architect, teacher; Miriam García García (ES), architect, landscaper, teacher; Didier Rebois (FR), architect, teacher, Secretary General of Europan; Socrates Stratis (CY), architect, urban planner, teacher; Chris Younès (FR), philosopher, teacher, researcher

266

After the competition, a phase begins where winning

imbalance, exclusion and marginalization, the sense

teams communicate their ideas, in particular with

of abandonment of the non-metropolitan population,

the representatives of the sites that play a role in the

or the uneven accessibility to housing, work, education

transition to implementation.

and public services. The pervasive presence of human

Some teams —on the conclusion of these exchanges,

activities since the industrial revolution has been

may take various forms (presentations, on-site

accelerating territorial, social and climate changes,

workshops, publications, etc.)— will be selected to

generating an enormous human footprint on the planet,

build a “negotiated project” process with the local

a steady erosion of resources. It has diminished the

actors. This is most of the time an intermediate phase

capacity of urban settlements to entertain ecological

where the competition project —while keeping the

and productive relationships with rural land; it has

strength of its ideas— will be specified according to

sedated the productive and generative capacity of local

local circumstances that were not necessarily taken

manufacturing; and it has neglected the regenerative

into account during the competition. If necessary, the

value of taking care of places in the sense of maintaining

team can be expanded to be strengthened and to

and fostering circular processes.

form a highly skilled engineering team. Then steps will be defined to consider over time the realisation of the

All these examples reflect a fundamental, global

projects, which are often varying in scale.

crisis that operates on multiple scales. Within this

This text has been written for the publication of a

crisis, global forces directly affect local and regional

“Manifesto-Guide” of some sixty project implementation

conditions, and vice versa, establishing a multi-layered

processes from previous sessions, classified according

interface of multi-scalar influences. Each single location,

to specific themes.

no matter how small, has become a “hybrid set”, disposing of comprehensive, complex, sometimes

AMBITIOUS AGENDA FOR TODAY

conflictual narratives. In order to be able to offer a

AND TOMORROW…

future beyond the actual crisis, these narratives, as

A range of contemporary conditions challenges

well as the way they intermingle, have to be carefully

the familiar agendas of architecture, urban design/

discovered and sensitively addressed. Their “multi-

planning and landscape architecture as material design

dimensionality” unsettles familiar patterns of space,

practices that address our environment. Think of the

such as city/countryside, place/territory, urban/rural,

increasing conflicts on resources, the perturbing rise

global/local, public/private, visible/invisible, etc.,

of ecological disasters, the sharpening development

manifesting a dimensional depth, all at once social,

of economic polarization, the continuous rise of social

cultural, ecological, physical, and (geo-)political.


E13 – ZAGREB (HR), WINNER — SWAP ON THE RIVER

E13 – GOUSSAINVILLE (FR) — PARTICIPATIVE PROCESS

Sharing and celebrating the opportunity of unfamiliarity

ENGAGED ACTORS FROM AN EXTENDED

through the concept of a collective project is therefore

DISCIPLINARY FIELD

the basic principle for all actors who believe in the

Concerning the ambition to match the agenda, all

curative power of architecture, urban design and

involved actors share the passion to reconsider their

landscape architecture. Innovative and experimental

everyday practices. They are ready to get proactively

approaches are inevitable. Nevertheless, they can

involved in a collective project that responds to the most

only satisfyingly address such crisis if they animate an

urgent question of our times: How to contribute to the

extended field of disciplines through their very design,

cure of the symptoms of the present crises in order to

crossing natural sciences with humanities and even

make a worthy future happen?

judiciaries, so as to trigger a shared awareness about the imperative of the collective project, growing out of

Europan’s ambitious agenda is about giving rightfully

the disciplinary field. This notion of collective project or

contextualized responses to this most urgent question

shared project is operative in Europan.

by means of the collective project that grows out of the disciplinary field of architecture, urban and landscape

Architecture, urban design, and landscape architecture

design. This response is based on a figure of action

gain their full curative potential exactly through releas-

demanding a collective “re-formation” of thinking and

ing a comprehensive co-production of transformations

acting performed by a spectrum of engaged actors.

regarding our living environment: territorial and infrastructural authorities, politicians, developers, as well

Europan is based on a figure of action demanding a collective “re-formation” of thinking and acting performed by a spectrum of engaged actors

The aim is to…

as other professions and all kinds of affected users

…encourage young professionals of architecture,

become co-authors of a

urban and landscape design to have them understand

collective project, inas-

that their contributions are concrete site-related

much as they are ready to

translations of the aforementioned agenda, but that they

share the concerns about

can only substantially contribute to it if they integrate

the necessity to act in an

the conceptualization of a process that “manufactures”

unfamiliar way in order to

the project’s unfolding in the site-related realities after

act successfully.

the competition phase, aiming to establish a durable process that is able to take care of the inclusive city.

Such an ambitious agen-

Winning ideas need to intensify their engagement with

da requires a shared

the site.

commitment, as all involved actors embrace

…instruct site managers and developers, who are

the societal responsibilities of taking care about the

responsible for the post-competition phase about

city. Their shared commitment provides a powerful

skills and modes to successfully “design” the transition

ground to achieve equitable access for all to goods

from competition to implementation, understanding

and general interest services, whether it is simply af-

the idea of feasibility as a progressive step-by-step

fordable housing, transport infrastructure, access to

procedure, the progression mode of which introduces

health services, education or culture, or even employ-

a strategic and tactical bandwidth that goes beyond

ment. The project of comprehensive co-production is

the classic stage set of masterplan implementations

therefore one of the keys for an inclusive and ecological

or architectural realizations, allowing the competition

city: the common ground of shared commitment finally

site to play a public role for the rest of the city. Winning

encourages public spaces open to otherness; and at

ideas are not standard, they are game changers;

the same time, its shared operation will considerably

implementation needs to be imagined as we go along.

improve the city’s metabolism.

267


…animate Europan’s National and European

condition of the crises. Thus, architecture becomes

structures to extend their working field: taking care

an intrinsic part of the urban project, including the

of Europan’s agenda requires to go beyond the

design of public space, landscapes, territories and

organization of the competition phase, providing a

infrastructures. At the same time, it introduces the

platform for Europan’s figure of action.

development in time (process) and the political,

As they take the role of great conductors for the com-

social, cultural, environmental discourses as its main

petition phase, they have to take the role of successful

ingredients.

Architecture becomes an intrinsic part of the urban project, including the design of public space, landscapes, territories and infrastructures

intermediary of the winning ideas in the tran-

Even if each single task of the urban-architectural

sitional phase, taking

project is in itself multi-scalar, its contextual framework

them from the competi-

and scale do vary. They constitute a diversity of possible

tion stage to the imple-

responses with different “intervention spheres”,

mentation process: e.g.

inducing specific operations and configurations of

godfathers who take

actors, which can be meaningfully grouped according

care of the project and

to three spectrums of scales:

support the designers in the various phases, or

S-Scale: Mission of Impact

commissions, respon-

Europan projects on/for small sites always have the

sible for ensuring and

mission to unfold larger effects on the urban scale. For

perpetuating the quality of the projects. Winning ideas

that matter, the design can address any kind of content,

need mentors to conduct game-changing discussions,

figure or strategy, provided it transforms the project’s S-scale into a comprehensive interaction manoeuvre.

…and finally, provide a substantial insight to all involved actors: the capacity to imagine how the

M to L-Scale: Mission of Articulation

arrival of ideas –sometimes coming from far away–

Europan projects on medium and large sites always

can be successfully translated to a local process of

have the mission to respond to the site’s specific logic

collaborative realization, involving all the concerned

and narrative with a concept that is able to articulate

actors in synergy with one another, and not in conflict.

the visionary link between the site and its surrounding

Winning ideas need the active collaboration of everyone.

environment – a double added-value, both for the site and its adjoining urban context.

268 THE COLLECTIVE PROJECT AS AN URBAN-ARCHITECTURAL PROJECT

XL-Scale: Mission of the Translocal

What would be the most appropriate operative frame

Europan projects on extra-large sites always have

for the aforementioned material practices and actors?

the mission to consider the co-evolutions of cultural,

Without a doubt, the concept developed by Europan

ecological, infrastructural and geopolitical stakes on

of the urban-architectural project might be the most

a large scale of a territory, translating them into an

accurate format. It inscribes not only the interweaving

agenda that makes them concretely operate, but at the

of scales, relations and iterability right into the heart

same time takes advantage of their potential ecological

of the architectural project, but also the concerns and

synergies – simultaneously local and territorial (e.g.

expertise of a multi-layered approach, which opens up

diverse punctual interventions that operate in multiple

the field of architecture to reflect the multidimensional

and contextualized ways).

E5 – CEUTA (ES), WINNER — CAPTURING THE LANDSCAPE

E13 – MOLFETTA (IT), WINNER — HOLD THE LINE


“making of reality” in the explorative power of ideas: an idea is an idea only if it is in the state of becoming, if it is linked to the implementation process. Therefore, Europan’s actors have to face another unique figure of action: “Implementation begins with the preparation of the competition”. The irreducible reciprocity between idea and implementation makes the urban-architectural project a collective project, able to meet Europan’s ambition. It introduces a critical amount of unfamiliarity, allowing new ways of practicing, improbable proximities between project actors, and intimate relations between project and process. In addition, it enables extended insights about the idea of implementation itself, operating E14 – TORNIOHAPARANDA (FI/SE), WINNER — TWO CITIES, ONE HEART

in the realm of the real far beyond its mere physical manifestation.

THE PRODUCTIVE PARADOX AS A CONCEPTUAL POTENTIAL

If idea and implementation are an inseparable couple,

The empowered urban-architectural project becomes

the transition from idea to implementation must be

a tool in the hands of the ones included, empowering

reconsidered. The stereotype figure of a huge gap

project actors willing to instigate such collective project.

between the end of the competition phase and the

Therefore, Europan has, with full awareness, established

beginning of the implementation phase results from a

a paradox: the combination of a “competition of ideas”

wrong notion of separation between competition and

with the “implementation process”. In the history of the

implementation, ignoring the project process figure as

architectural competition these two spheres have so far

one continuous vector of becoming. Successfully going

been strictly separated to avoid mutual contamination:

ahead depends on a chain of synergies in time, starting

the “pure” competition of ideas reinforces the myth

with the preparation of the competition, and sometimes

of the idea as a phenomenon that is free, only if it is

even before, when approaching possible Europan

liberated from the burden of physical implementation.

partners for an upcoming Europan session. Any kind

The “pure” competition of implementation, on the other

of obstacles and hurdles might appear anytime during

hand, reinforces the myth of implementation as a limited

the continuous process of becoming.

sphere of routine competencies, the success of which

Yet, the awareness of the inseparable relationship

is based on the experienced expertise of actors and

between competition and implementation introduces the

instruments.

implementation process as a kind of iterative transition, immunizing Europan against the fatal and insuperable

An europan process extends to the sphere of the “real”, while including the idea as its intrinsic element

Europan, on the contrary,

“mega gap” between competition and implementation.

promotes the mutual infection

This “mega gap” is a myth based on the belief that

of idea and implementation

Europan is primarily a competition. STILL: Europan is

in order to increase the

a platform of collaborative processes, operating with

competencies of the urban-

exciting project processes that range from the initial

architectural project and its

proposal of the site to manifold implementation stages.

actors. The shortcut between

In order to match Europan’s agenda, the project design

the sphere of ideas and the one

and the realization steps must intimately interweave,

of implementations radically

providing a synergetic triangle of context, idea and

transforms the concept of the

process: an incremental, time-oriented, tactical and

idea: it becomes the driving force of a process that

flexible “master program” binding together idea

extends to the sphere of the “real”, while including the

and implementation as one synergetic operational

idea as its intrinsic element.

agenda, which asks for a new vision of “making” the Europan project, going far beyond discrete and familiar

The mutual infection of idea and implementation makes Europan projects act on unconventional levels. A crucial component is therefore the measurement of the impacts of the transformations produced in the course of implementation. Measuring these new impacts is highly important, as they allow us to understand and reveal the project’s idea about the specific performance of the development process. Europan’s concept of implementation anchors the

development patterns such as masterplans.

269


Europan 15 Secretariats

Europan Europe

Europan Hrvatska

Europan Polska

16 bis rue François Arago,

c/o Ministry of Construction

Biuro Architektury

93100 Montreuil – FR

Republike Austrije 20,

i Planowania Przestrzennego,

+33 9 62 52 95 98

10000 Zagreb – HR

Urzędu m.st. Warszawy

contact@europan-europe.eu

+385 1 6101852

Ul. Marszałkowska 77/79,

www.europan-europe.eu

info@europan.hr

00-683 Warszawa – PL

www.europan.hr

+48 22 323 00 01

Europan Belgique/België/Belgien

europan@europan.com.pl

c/o Architect’s House

Europan Italia

Rue Ernest Allard 21

c/o Consiglio Nazionale Architetti PPC

1000 Bruxelles – BE

Via Santa Maria dell’Anima 10,

Europan Suomi-Finland

secretariat@europan.be

00186 Roma – IT

Malminkatu 30,

www.europan.be

+39 06 622 89 030

00100 Helsinki – FI

info@europan-italia.com

+358 45 139 3665

www.europan-italia.org

europan@europan.fi

Europan Deutschland

www.europan.com.pl

www.europan.fi

c/o kopperschroth Friedrichstraße 23 A

Europan Nederland

10969 Berlin - DE

c/o URBANOFFICE Architects

Europan Sverige

mail@europan.de

Zeeburgerpad 16,

c/o Asante Architecture

www.europan.de

1018 AJ Amsterdam – NL

& Design

info@europan.nl

Högbergsgatan 97,

www.europan.nl

11854 Stockholm – SE

Europan España

+46 70 657 71 92 /

12 Paseo de la Castellana, 28046 Madrid – ES

Europan Norge

+46 70 714 19 87

+34 91 575 74 01 /

Fridalsveien 44,

info@europan.se

+34 91 435 22 00

5063 Bergen – NO

www.europan.se

europan.esp@cscae.com

post@europan.no

www.europan-esp.es

www.europan.no

Europan France

Europan Österreich

16 bis rue François Arago,

c/o Haus der Architektur,

93100 Montreuil – FR

Palais Thinnfeld

+33 1 48 57 72 66

Mariahilferstrasse 2,

contact@europanfrance.org

8020 Graz – AT

www.europanfrance.org

Dependance Wien: Mariahilferstrasse 93/1/14, 1060 Wien – AT +43 664 350 89 32 (Graz) / +43 1 212 76 80 (Wien) office@europan.at www.europan.at



Credits Europan 15 results

AUTHORS

ENGLISH TRANSLATION

in the context of the fifteenth

Carlos Arroyo

John Crisp

session of Europan

architect, urban planner, Carlos

This book is published

Arroyo Arquitecto, teacher in Madrid’s HEAD OF PUBLICATION

Universidad Europea (ES)

Didier Rebois

Blaž Babnik Romaniuk

Secretary General of Europan

architect, founder of the office Obrat –

PROOFREADING

Françoise Bonnat

Ljubljana (SI) EDITORIAL SECRETARY

Europan

Frederic Bourgeois TheWaysBeyond

Céline Bodart Françoise Bonnat

PhD in Architecture, researcher, professor

Susan Burnell

Europan Europe responsible

at Paris-la-Villette School of Architecture

Europan

of Europan publications

and Liège University (FR/BE) GRAPHIC DESIGN AND LAYOUT

Julio de la Fuente architect, urban planner, Gutiérrez-

Radiographique

delaFuente Arquitectos, Madrid (ES) PRINTING

Miriam García García PhD in Architecture, landscaper, urbanist,

UAB Balto print (Vilnius, Lithuania)

Landlab, professor – Barcelona (ES) EDITED BY

Didier Rebois architect, Secretary General of Europan,

Europan Europe

teacher at Paris-la-Villette School of

Paris, France

Architecture (FR)

www.europan-europe.eu

Socrates Stratis

ISBN n° 978-2-914296-32-8

PhD in Architecture, urbanist, co-founder

Legally registered

of AA & U, Associate professor –

Third quarter 2020

Nicosia (CY)

Dimitri Szuter architect, researcher, dancer and performer. Co-founder of P.E.R.F.O.R.M! (FR)

Bernd Vlay architect, teacher, director of StudioVlayStreeruwitz, president of Europan Österreich – Wien (AT)

Chris Younès anthro-philosopher, professor at the ESA school of architecture. Founder and member of the Gerphau research laboratory, Paris (FR), founder and member of ARENA


273


15 274

ISBN 978-2-914296-32-8 PRICE 37€


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Articles inside

Rotterdam Groot IJsselmonde (NL

5min
pages 204-207

Pays de Dreux (FR

5min
pages 200-202

Special Mention – A(gri)puncture

1min
page 203

Oliva (ES

7min
pages 194-199

Innsbruck (AT

4min
pages 190-193

Selb (DE

4min
pages 180-185

Rotterdam Brainpark I (NL

4min
pages 176-177

Types and Fields Julio de la Fuente (ES), Architect and urbanist

9min
pages 186-189

Romainville (FR

1min
page 172

Special Mention – Building upon Brainpark Special Mention – Elegy for the Office Park

1min
pages 178-179

Halmstad (SE

5min
pages 168-171

Floirac (FR

5min
pages 164-167

Casar de Cáceres (ES

5min
pages 160-162

Connectors and Enablers Blaž Babnik Romaniuk (SI), Architect

10min
pages 150-155

Auby (FR

5min
pages 156-159

Villach (AT

6min
pages 144-149

Special Mention – The Shape of Water

1min
page 143

Winner – N.E.W (New Era Wharf

3min
pages 133-135

Sant Climent de Llobregat (ES

5min
pages 140-142

Rødberg (NO

1min
page 132

Winner – Common Node

12min
pages 123-131

Lasarte-Oria (ES

2min
page 122

La Louvière (BE

3min
pages 120-121

Third Space as Transitional Agent Socrates Stratis (CY), PhD in Architecture, urbanist and associate professor

13min
pages 110-115

Warszawa (PL

6min
pages 104-109

Hyvinkää (FI

6min
pages 116-119

et le bégonia Special Mention – Be Kind, Rewild

1min
page 103

Rochefort Océan (FR

2min
page 100

Special Mention – Reveal the City: the Telhu’Halle

1min
page 99

Runner-Up – La ville école

1min
page 98

Winner – Boîtes à secrets

1min
page 97

Port-Jérôme-sur-Seine (FR

1min
page 96

Special Mention – Up-CyclinGravina

1min
page 95

The Fantastic Forest Phenomenon Runner-Up – Open City

1min
pages 90-91

Winner

1min
page 89

Laterza (IT

2min
page 92

Runner-Up – LA3: a Productive Square

1min
page 94

Karlovac (HR

2min
page 88

Runner-Up – Of Cycles and Streams

1min
page 86

Graz (AT

2min
page 84

Runner-Up – Painting Greyfields

1min
page 82

Special Mention – Carsid sur la Sàmbre Special Mention – Matière savante

1min
pages 78-79

Enköping (SE

1min
page 80

Runner-Up – Forging the Fallow

1min
page 77

Charleroi (BE

1min
page 76

Definitions of Circularity Carlos Arroyo (ES), architect, urbanist, linguist, teacher

11min
pages 70-75

Runner-Up – Weiz Archipelago

1min
pages 66-69

Weiz (AT

2min
page 64

Winner – Learning from the Future

1min
page 65

Winner – Makers’ Maze

1min
page 57

Täby (SE

1min
page 60

Rotterdam Vierhavensblok (NL

2min
page 56

Special Mention – Den Gröna Kilen

1min
page 63

Special Mention – A Moment Apart

1min
page 55

Runner-Up – MOVEnIN

1min
page 54

Winner – Soft Buffers

1min
page 53

Nin (HR

1min
page 52

Marseille (FR

2min
page 48

Runner-Up – 43°20’3’’N 5°21’39’’E

1min
page 49

Winner – Radical Reimagining

1min
pages 46-47

Guovdageaidnu (NO

1min
page 44

Runner-Up – Stamping Ground

1min
page 42

Special Mention – Verdoyer, cultiver, hybrider

1min
page 43

Champigny-sur-marne (FR

2min
page 40

Winner – Lost Highway

1min
page 41

Learning to Multiply Miriam García García (ES), PhD in Architecture, landscape architect & urban designer

15min
pages 30-35

Borås (SE

2min
page 36

Winner – Made in Borås

1min
page 37

E15 Juries Presentation

8min
pages 14-21

Special Mention – Re:Mediate

1min
page 39

Preface Anna Catasta, President of Europan

8min
pages 3-5

Towards Regenerative Eco-Productive Milieus Didier Rebois (FR), architect, teacher and Secretary General of Europan + Chris Younès (FR), anthro-philosopher, researcher and professor

12min
pages 22-29

How are Europan projects assessed?

13min
pages 10-13
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