Equestrian May/June 2015
Changing the Face of Equine Fitness
A Tour of the
Hagyard Equine Medical Institute
Behind the Scenes of Equine Medicine
Overcoming Illness and Returning to the Show Ring
Download the Layar app, and scan with your phone.
wi n n i ng doesn’t happen by
a c c i d e n t.
A rub. It’s all that separates a flawless round from “better luck next time.” But you’re not depending on luck. You’re depending on countless hours in and out of the saddle. And you didn’t come here for just a ribbon. You came for the championship ribbon. So ask yourself, does your horse have the stomach to win?
Time for a gut check. TheStomachToWin.com
When administered for 8 or 28 days, just one dose a day of ULCERGARD is proven to effectively prevent performance-robbing equine stomach ulcers in horses exposed to stressful conditions. ®ULCERGARD is a registered trademark of Merial. ©2014 Merial, Inc., Duluth, GA. All rights reserved. EQUIUGD1425-D (08/14)
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION: ULCERGARD can be used in horses that weigh at least 600 pounds. Safety in pregnant mares has not been determined.
Table of Contents
M AY / J U N E
KER ClockItTM Sport
Overcoming Illness and
Changing the Face of Equine Fitness
Returning to the Show Ring Cover photo: Howard Schatzberg
Behind the Scenes of Equine Medicine
Sponsors Take a look at our partners
May / June
Seen and Heard
Equine Massage Therapy
Buzz from Around the Ring
A Tour of the Hagyard Equine Medical Institute
Day in the Life
Healthy Eating on the Go
Letter Equestrian Magazine Volume LXXVIII, No.3
This issue of Equestrian Magazine explores the various aspects of health and wellness for both the equine and humane athlete. Get a behind-the-scenes look at state-of-the-art equine conditioning with the KER ClockIt Sport smartphone app and cutting edge veterinary care at the Hagyard Equine Medical Institute. In addition, we tell you the story of a courageous Hackney pony that was nursed from grave illness back to the bloom of health. For our human athletes, we showcase the training regimen of a top eventing athlete and give tips on maintaining a healthy eating and exercise routine on the road. Summer is here! The days are long and the calendar for you and your horse is full. We wish you health and happiness.
Published by The United States Equestrian Federation, Inc. Advertising Director Kim Russell Account Executive Crissi White Contributing Writers Kathleen Landwehr Eileen Schnettler Contributing Editors Kathleen Landwehr Eileen Schnettler Constance H. Wickes Design & Layout Courtney Cotton Candice McCown Equestrian magazine (ISSN 1548-873X) is published seven times a year: January/February, Horse of the Year Special Edition, March/April/Spectator’s Guide, May/June, July/ August, September/October, November/December, by the United States Equestrian Federation®, 4047 Iron Works Parkway, Lexington, KY 40511; Phone: (859) 258-2472; Fax: (859) 231-6662. (ISSN:1548-873X). NOTE: Effective Issue 1 of 2015, Equestrian magazine will be published and provided electronically and only four editions will have a limited number of printed copies. Only the Horse of the Year Special Edition will provided in the U.S. Mail. USEF is not responsible for the opinions and statements expressed in signed articles and paid advertisements. These opinions are not necessarily the opinions of USEF and its staff. While the Federation makes every effort to avoid errors, we assume no liability to anyone for mistakes or omissions. It is the policy of the Federation to report factually and accurately in Equestrian and to encourage and to publish corrections whenever warranted. Kindly direct any comments or inquiries regarding corrections to the Leah Oliveto firstname.lastname@example.org or by direct dial (859) 225-2053. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to Equestrian, 4047 Iron Works Parkway, Lexington, KY 40511. Canadian Publications Agreement No. 40845627. For Canadian returns, mail to Canada Express, 7686 #21 Kimble Street Mississauga, Ontario, Canada, L5S1E9. (905) 672-8100. Reproduction of any article, in whole or part, by written permission only of the Editor. Equestrian: Publisher, United States Equestrian Federation®, Chief Executive Officer, Chris Welton (859) 2256912. Director of Advertising, Kim Russell (859) 225-6938. Copyright © 2014. Equestrian is the official publication of the United States Equestrian Federation, the National Governing Body for Equestrian Sport in the USA, and is an official publication of USEF.
Health & Wellness 8 Equestrian
May / June
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Official Pain Management Product, Official Deworming Product, & Official Equine Stomach Ulcer Products www.merial.com
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Official Fly Control Products of the USEF & Official Grooming Products of the USEF www.farnamhorse.com
Sponsor of the USEF National Developing Dressage Horse Championship www.timdutta.com
Official Blanket of the U.S. High Performance Teams www.Horseware.com
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Official Awards Blanket of the USEF www.Buildyourwonblanket.com
Title Sponsor of the USEF National Hunter Seat Equitation Medal Final www.englishridingsupply.com
Official Supplier to the USEF www.pulsevet.com
Title Sponsor of the USEF Junior Dressage National Championship & Title Sponsor of the USEF Young Rider Dressage National Championship www.agco.com
Presenting Sponsor of the Markel/ USEF Young and Developing Horse Championships www.horseshows.com
Official Pain Management Product of the USEF www.equioxx.com
Official Deworming Product of the USEF www.zimecterin.com
Official Supplier to the USEF www.vetimaging.com
Official Equine Stomach Ulcer Products of the USEF www.merial.com
Official Supplier of Laser Therapy to the USEF www.multiradience.com
Official Horsebox of the USEF www.theault-america.com
Sponsors Official Riding Gloves of the USEF www.heritagegloves.com
Official Sponsor of the USEF & Presenting Sponsor of the USEF National Dressage Seat Medal www.equisearch.com
Official Performance Horse Boot and Leg Wear of the USEF www.equifit.net
Official Saddlepad of the USEF www.Toklat.com
Official Ribbon Supplier (800) 556-2440 www.hodgesbadges.com
Official Equine Feeder and Waterer of the USEF & Official Horse Stallplate of the USEF www.nelsonmfg.com
Official Nutritionist of the USEF www.ker.com
Official Credit Card Supplier www.usbank.com
Official Automobile Rental Agency of the USEF www.Hertz.com/USEF Be sure to include the USEF discount code CDP# 15757 when you make your reservation to get special discounts!
Title Sponsor of the USEF Young Horse Dressage Program, Young Horse National Championships, & Selection Trials www.horseinsurance.com
Title Sponsor of the USEF Junior Jumper Championship & Presenting Sponsor of the Pessoa/ USEF Hunter Seat Medal Finals www.randolphcollege.edu
Official Equine Pharmacy of the USEF www.hagyardpharmacy.com
10 Equestrian May / June
Title Sponsor of the U.S. Pony Medal Championship www.marshallsterling.com
Official Dressage Arena of the USEF www.premierequestrian.com
Official Saddle Supplier of the U.S. Dressage Team www.mysaddle.com
Introducing the Monaco Stretch. Fit to move.
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EQUINE MASSAGE THERAPY
assage is a great way to pamper your horse, whether he is young or old, a top competition horse or a pleasure horse. Massage helps to release muscle tension, rid the area of lactic acid, and relax the muscle so it is more supple. An additional benefit for you is getting to watch your horse relax and enjoy his massage session. Massage can help horses that swap leads, are coldbacked, have difficulty turning or bending, and a variety of other body soreness-related issues. Some common signs of muscle tension or soreness are flinching or pinning ears when groomed, stiffness when turning or bending, grumpiness, and swapping leads. If any of these should familiar to you, a massage will likely benefit your horse. While a professional equine massage therapist will be able to thoroughly address any muscle tension problems your horse may have, there are some basic techniques you can try yourself. One technique is slowly running your hands along your horse at least once per week. Feel for any tension and watch for reactions from your horse. If your horse reacts around any one area, lightly rub the area and rest your hand on it for two minutes. This is a simple way to help release tension in your horse. You can incorporate this into your daily grooming routine to help your horse relax, as well as develop a deeper bond with him. Stretching is also very important in helping to relieve tension, and stretching after work while the muscles are warm is very beneficial. Always make sure you properly warm up and cool down your horse to prevent lactic acid from settling in the muscles. Carrot stretches and leg stretches are simple stretches that you can try with your horse. For carrot stretches, use a carrot to encourage your horse to stretch his neck back towards his flank area on each side and down between his front legs. A basic front leg stretch is stretching the front leg of the horse down and forward at the angle of the shoulder, making sure to keep the hoof low to the ground to avoid stressing the leg and never try to force the stretch, but instead allowing it happen. To perform a basic hind leg stretch, begin by picking up the hind leg as if you were picking out the hoof, and gently extend the leg back and down, once again not forcing the stretch but allowing it. Remember to always use caution around horse’s legs while performing these basic stretches. Over time these basic techniques will benefit your horse, increasing his suppleness and decreasing his tension. When he feels better, he will move better, whether in the show ring or out on the trail. Massage can help benefit your horse’s overall well-being and he will enjoy the extra attention, too. ■ Kathleen Landwehr
12 Equestrian May / June
PHOTOS: VICKIE BROADUS
May / June
The United States Equestrian Team Foundation Gl adstone â€˘ New Jerse y â€˘ United States
Supporting Athletes Promoting International Excellence Building for the Future
Photos by Rebecca Walton / Phelps Media Group, SusanJStickle.com, Sarah Miller for MacMillan Photography
Please help our Now you can donate online!
United States Equestrian Teams Continue to Achieve Competitive Excellence
(908) 234-1251 www.uset.org
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BUZZ FROM AROUND THE RING
PHOTOS: (CLOCKWISE FROM TOP) BEN RADVANYI PHOTOGRAPHY, SUSANJSTICKLE.COM, ©WALTENBERRY
Seen and Heard
18 Equestrian May 18 Equestrian March / June / April
May / June
PHOTOS: (TOP) SUSANJSTICKLE.COM, (BOTTOM) PHOTO BY ANWAR ESQUIVEL
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Day in the Life
Michael Pollard is among the busiest athletes on the eventing scene. In addition to competing horses from the Novice through the CCI4* level, he is actively involved with his family’s business ventures. The father of four is also known for his dedication to his personal fitness and along with his wife, Nathalie, is an avid CrossFit athlete and competitor in multiple Spartan Races. The 2011 Pan American Games Team Gold medalist took us through what an average day looks like for him when Pollard Eventing is at its winter base in Ocala, Fla. [5:15am] We usually get up at about quarter-past five to get a CrossFit workout in before the day gets underway in the barn. The goal is to be out the door by 5:35. [6:00-6:45am] When we’re in Ocala, Natalie and I and some others from the PE (Pollard Eventing) Team do the daily 6am CrossFit sessions. Once CrossFit is finished we head right back home to get the kids (Phineas, Sebastian, Sterling, and Axel) ready for school and get the rest of the day underway.
[8:00am] Once the kids are off to school, I’ll spend about an hour catching up on work for the business or calling owners to let them know how training is going with their horses, or to working on mapping out the schedule for the upcoming events. [9:00am] I’ll usually ride between nine to 12 horses a day, so the majority of the day is taken up with riding and training. I’ll give our assistant trainers some pointers throughout the day in addition to teaching them lessons. In the middle of the day, I’ll take a quick 30-minute break to eat some lunch. [4:00pm] Once all the riding is done for the day, I’ll try and get some office work done, which includes returning emails and making calls to check in on the businesses. [5:30pm] We try to have family time once the kids get home from school; we’ll either go out to dinner or just hang out all together. It is really important to us as a family to spend time together and have fun. The kids are generally in bed at about 7:15. [9:00pm] I’ll try and get to bed between 8:30 and 9:00. To be honest, if I can make it to 9:30 without passing out that’s pretty amazing.
22 Equestrian May / June
PHOTOS: (TOP TO BOTTOM) USEF ARCHIVES, SHANNON BRINKMAN, COURTESY MICHAEL POLLARD
[7:15am] By about 7:15 we’ll have all four kids dressed and then sit down to breakfast, usually eggs and toast. Because the days are pretty busy, we make it a priority to have breakfast and dinner as a family and spend time together.
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Excellence in equitation begins at the USDF Dressage Seat Medal Semi-Finals, held in the fall at each of nine Great American/USDF Regional Dressage Championships. Qualify now for the 2016 USEF Dressage Seat Medal Finals. To learn how and for dates and locations, visit USDF.org.
USEF DRESSAGE SEAT MEDAL FINALS
LAMPLIGHT EQUESTRIAN CENTER WAYNE, IL
AUGUST 20-23, 2015
BRONWYN CORDIAK 2014 USEF Dressage Seat Medal Finals 14-18 Champion
Visit USEF.org for a list of qualified riders for the 2015 Finals.
24 Equestrian May / June
PHOTO: HOWARD SCHATZBERG
Overcoming Illness and Returning to the Show Ring usef.org
May / June
F Left: Sugarland’s presence and charisma captures everyone’s attention when he is in the show ring. Middle: A quiet moment between Sugarland and Goth Right: Elisabeth Goth and Sugarland’s strong partnership is evident when they are competing.
or the lucky among us, we find that horse of a lifetime, the one that fulfills all of our dreams. For Elisabeth Goth, 1997 USEF Equestrian of the Year, that horse is Sugarland, an 11-year-old Hackney Pony gelding. “The thing that separates the good from the great is not quantifiable; when a pony or a horse has an unquantifiable something, that something is presence and charisma,” Goth states. “You can’t adequately write about it; it’s something that you see; it’s something that you feel. You are drawn to that individual, that individual demands your attention. I get goosebumps thinking about the very few that I have had that are like that and Sugarland is definitely one of them. He is something else.” Though only 12.3 hands tall, Sugarland has a large personality and is a barn favorite. Discovered by trainers Rich and Maureen Campbell of Majestic Oaks Hackney Farm, Sugarland displays the conformation and attitude of a champion. Maureen describes him competing with “this look that says, ‘Come on, let’s go!’ He has a ‘look at me right now’ kind
26 Equestrian May / June
of attitude. He’s all about his job.” Purchased by Goth in 2011, Sugarland had a successful 2010 show season, winning four competitions and being named the Amateur Roadster Pony Reserve Champion of Champions at the Kentucky State Fair World’s Championship Horse Show. Sugarland and Goth began the 2011 season auspiciously, winning six classes together. However, by the middle of the summer, Sugarland began to exhibit uncharacteristic lethargy and lack of coordination. Goth and the Campbells made the decision to withdraw him from the Kentucky State Fair World’s Championship Horse Show in order to tend to his physical maladies. Over the next few weeks, he lost his spark as well as a significant amount of weight and muscle. Maureen and Rick increased Sugarland’s feed and extended his turnout time to no avail. Still, the pony withered. Dr. Hank Clemmons, a veterinarian specializing in show horse sports medicine, supervised the diagnosis and treatment of the animal. “Literally, (Sugarland) was dying in front of our eyes. He was wasting away; it was very usef.org
PHOTOS: HOWARD SCHATZBERG, RACHEL KELLY, & SANDRA HALL/PHOTO BY RACHEL
scary and very frustrating,” Goth explains. Initially, equine protozoal myeloencephalitis (EPM) was suspected as the likely cause of Sugarland’s symptoms. However, he did not respond to EPM treatment protocol. Subsequently, in January 2012, his connec-
the bottom of his health issues. She was not going to give up on that pony. She wanted me to go along to explain everything that we had done so far.” After spending the day at the hospital and not being any closer to determining a diag-
“Essentially his show career was over because he couldn’t move, but we wanted to try and save him.” tions sought a new diagnosis at Rood & Riddle Equine Hospital in Lexington, Ky. “Hackneys are supposed to trot really high, and one of the tests involved watching how Sugarland stepped up a curb in the parking lot and he would stumble over it. His coordination was all off,” Maureen’s husband, Rich, said. “Essentially his show career was over because he couldn’t move, but we wanted to try and save him,” Dr. Clemmons added. “Maureen was the driving force in getting to usef.org
nosis, Dr. Stephen Reed of Rood & Riddle’s Internal Medicine department proposed running a glucose tolerance test. Though Sugarland’s original lab work did not suggest a metabolic syndrome, the only apparent abnormality was a slightly elevated glucose level. “It is a dangerous test to do because overloading a horse’s system with complex carbohydrates can cause acute laminitis,” Dr. Clemmons explained. May / June
Goth explained that she thought the reward outweighed the risk of the test. “Basically we felt that he was going to die if we didn’t [do the test]; it had gotten to that point. We really had no other option, and we were hopeful that everything was going to be okay.” Thankfully Sugarland did not have an adverse reaction to the test, and the results indicated that he was diabetic. He was given the diagnosis of atypical insulin-resistant diabetes. With insulin resistance, normal insulin concentrations are unable to stimulate cells to uptake glucose, so more insulin is produced in an attempt to compensate for the high levels of glucose in the bloodstream. “Sugarland was having a hard time metabolizing complex carbohydrates and was unable to move sugars around efficiently,” Dr. Clemmons said. “Luckily, his condition does well with proper management.” Maureen praised the team of veterinarians for determining the correct diagnosis for Sugarland, saying, “Those doc-
28 Equestrian May / June
tors listened to everything I said. Knowing Dr. Clemmons had been working on him this whole time, they listened to what he had to say. Hank Clemmons and Rood & Riddle figured out the issue; they saved his life.” In hindsight, Sugarland’s connections realized feeding him more grain and giving him more time out on grass did not help him. “We turned him out and let him eat grass, and that was the worst thing we could’ve been doing, but we were just trying to keep his appetite up,” Rich said. Once he was diagnosed, changes were made to Sugarland’s routine and diet. He no longer was allowed to be turned out in a grass field, but could be turned out in a round pen or dry lot. Sugarland’s hay had to be wetted down and drained for a few hours to reduce the sugar levels. Sugarland was switched over to a feed with a low glycemic index (lower levels of sugar/starch) and received a much smaller ration. He also was put on a fish oil supplement to compensate for
PHOTOS: HOWARD SCHATZBERG & SHIFLET/PHOTO BY STEVIE B
the omega-3 fatty acids that he was no longer getting from fresh pasture. With strict management of Sugarland’s diet and routine, he began to improve and become the cheeky pony that he once was. Gradually, he went back into work and eventually returned to the show ring, winning two Hackney Roadster Pony Amateur Championships in 2012. “In two weeks you could tell the difference; the weight gain was just amazing,” Maureen said. “We started back working him after a few weeks, and his energy level just started coming back, and he wasn’t that lethargic pony. You could see a difference in him every single day you worked him. He got stronger, and he looked like he felt good.” Despite Sugarland receiving the best care, he developed a secondary complication due to his condition. Exacerbated by allergies, ulcers began to form in Sugarland’s throat and would not heal due in part to his diabetes. This setback took Sugarland out of the show ring once more, missing the Kentucky State Fair World’s Championship Horse Show.
“We felt good, we’d gotten the diagnosis, the pony was doing better, and then we got home from Blue Ridge [Classic Horse Show], which was four weeks before the World Championship, and he couldn’t breathe and he was sick again,” Goth said. Working with Dr. J. Brett Woodie of Rood & Riddle, Sugarland had to have laser therapy and hyperbaric oxygen chamber treatments to help resolve the problems with the ulcers. His connections purchased a hay steamer to remove any dust or mold present in his hay that could not be eliminated by soaking alone. Sugarland was also started on a nebulizer to help him cope with his allergies. He continues to use the nebulizer twice a day during the show season and once a day during the off season. In an attempt to stay on top of any possible issues, Maureen has Sugarland scoped two to three times a year, “just to make sure because his health is the most important thing to every one of us.” After overcoming all health-related obstacles, Sugarland
Left: Once he recovered, Sugarland made a triumphant return to the show ring. Below: A candid shot of Goth and trainer Maureen Campbell at a show. The two were determined to help Sugarland get better.
May / June
WHAT WOULD THEY BE DOING?
Top: Goth and Sugarland claim the 2014 Amateur Roadster Pony World’s Champion of Champions title at the Kentucky State Fair World’s Championship Horse Show.
had a fantastic year in 2013. He was undefeated in each of the seven classes he entered and was usually named the unanimous winner. Returning to the Kentucky State Fair World’s Championship Horse Show, Goth and Sugarland reclaimed their Amateur Roadster Pony over 50 to 52 inches World Champion title and were crowned Amateur Roadster Pony Reserve World’s Champion of Champions for the first time. In 2014, Sugarland and Goth were undefeated once again, earning Amateur Roadster Pony Championship titles at the JD Massey Classic Horse Show, Midwest Charity Horse Show, and UPHA American Royal National Championship Horse Show. The pair returned to the Kentucky State Fair World’s Championship Horse Show and defended its Amateur Roadster Pony over 50 to 52 inches World Champion and Amateur Roadster Pony World’s Champion of Champions titles. Currently, Sugarland has been undefeated in the show ring for almost two years. “The show record that he has is really rare,” Goth said. Goth attributes some of Sugarland’s success to swimming at the Kentucky Equine Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation Center (KESMARC) in Versailles, Ky. Swimming helps the pony prepare for the show season and varies his training routine. Interestingly, Sugarland performs his breed’s signature high-stepping trot while swimming, so he is able to get into shape without the concussion of normal training. Sugarland’s connections are thankful that he was able to 30 Equestrian May / June
come back from his health scares. They are also glad that he has retained his special personality despite all that he has been through. “When you go to hook him [to the road bike], he kind of humps up; it just means he feels good. A lot of people get aggravated when they do that, but in Sugarland’s case, knowing he feels good shows that the diabetes is under control and he is taken care of,” Maureen explained. “His quirks are a sign that he feels good. So, as Maureen was saying, where other people might not like that part of a Hackney’s personality, we look for it with him and it helps reinforce the fact that he is doing so well,” Goth added. With the dedicated care of his connections and a team of veterinarians, Sugarland has been able to thrive following his struggle with health issues. His wellbeing restored, he has been able to return to the show ring and continue to live a happy life. Fragile by design, our remarkable horses are treasured for the time they are with us. ■ Kathleen Landwehr
PHOTO: HOWARD SCHATZBERG, USEF ARCHIVES
Right: Sugarland spends time at KESMARC to prepare for the competition season.
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Brief Summary Indications: For the intramuscular treatment of non-infectious degenerative and/or traumatic joint dysfunction and associated lameness of the carpal and hock joints in horses. There are no known contraindications to the use of intramuscular Adequan速 i.m. brand Polysulfated Glycosaminoglycan in horses. Studies have not been conducted to establish safety in breeding horses. WARNING: Do not use in horses intended for human consumption. Not for use in humans. Keep this and all medications out of the reach of children. Caution: Federal law restricts this drug to use by or on the order of a licensed veterinarian. Each 5 mL contains 500 mg Polysulfated Glycosaminoglycan. SEE PRODUCT PACKAGE INSERT FOR FULL PRESCRIBING INFORMATION. Adequan速 is a registered trademark of Luitpold Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 息LUITPOLD PHARMACEUTICALS, INC., Animal Health Division, Shirley, NY 11967. AHD 1528, lss. 2/12 D-LPI12001a-USEF
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KER ClockIt™ Sport CHANGING THE FACE OF EQUINE FITNESS
ost riders assess the work intensity of their horses subjectively, usually by the amount of work completed and the physiological response to the work, such as breathing patterns and degree of sweating. With recent technological advances, however, riders no longer have to depend on subjectivity or guesswork to gauge work intensity. Researchers at Kentucky Equine Research (KER) have fine-tuned a way to accurately assess work intensity through a smartphone app called KER ClockIt Sport, currently in the final stages of development.
PHOTOS: (OPPOSITE) ADA,M BRENNAN, COURTESY KENTUCKY EQUINE RESEARCH
Using Heart Rate as a Guide Multiple studies conducted at KER in a laboratory setting have shown that heart rate climbs linearly as speed increases. Heart rate and oxygen consumption maintain a similar linear relationship. Conversely, blood lactate accumulation, a physiologic sign of fatigue, does not rise linearly. Instead, lactate accumulation remains tolerable until heart rate
reaches about 180 beats per minute (bpm), which is approximately 80% of maximum heart rate, and then lactate increases exponentially as heart rate nears a maximum of 220 bpm. Accumulation of lactate leads to fatigue, which in turn may precipitate time penalties and disobediences. Heart rate is an effective, noninvasive measure of exercise intensity because it takes into account numerous factors: breed, body weight, speed, experience, fitness, shoeing, weight of rider, rider ability, footing, environmental conditions, and other influences. “When it comes to feeding high-performance horses, one of the challenges is understanding how hard individual horses are really working,” said Joe Pagan, Ph.D., founder and president of KER. “We have spent more than 25 years researching the relationship between the duration and intensity of exercise, and the nutritional requirements of individual horses. That’s easy for us to do on the treadmill, but we wanted to apply it to horses in the field.”
Opposite: Eventer Buck Davidson utilized the KER ClockIt Sport while training for the 2015 Rolex Kentucky Three-Day Event presented by Land Rover Right: KER ClockIt Sport includes a small transmitter and two thin sensors. One sensor is positioned under the saddle and another under the girth. usef.org
May / June
The upper sensor rests under the saddle, and its position is maintained through the pressure of the saddle. A second sensor is placed under the girth.
A Brief History of Equine Fitness Research Much of the work done in top-tier equine athletes was performed in the lead-up to the 1996 Olympic Games in Atlanta, according to Pagan, primarily because at the time there were many unanswered questions about how heat and humidity affected sport horses. The long format was used in three-day eventing then and consisted of four phases, the combination of which delivered a grueling endurance test. Because of the time horses spent on course, researchers were justifiably worried about how horses would handle environmental conditions. These studies formed the foundation for further work in elite equine athletes. Several years later, Australian researchers studied event horses in an attempt to determine if training regimes dovetailed with fitness expectations during competitions. Data collection included heart rate and lactate responses, as both are accurate indicators of fitness. The research, which was presented at the International Conference on Equine Exercise Physiology in 2002, concluded that exercise intensity was much lower during normal training sessions than during competition, suggesting that many event horses are not appropriately conditioned for the work asked of them. Much has changed in the intervening years. With the advent of the short 36 Equestrian May / June
format and improved technology, KER researchers began to ask relevant questions involving training intensity and preparedness for competition. Fine-tuning Equine Fitness Technology has now found its way to racetracks and competition venues worldwide. English veterinarian Mike Davies recently developed a smartphone app called ClockItEQ for racehorses. The app collects accurate heart rate, speed, and GPS data on a smartphone carried by the jockey. The data then can be transmitted from one smartphone to another anywhere in the world (for example, to a head trainer managing strings of horses at multiple tracks) and saved on a server for safekeeping. Davies licensed this technology to KER for use with an app specifically tailored to sport horses, including those that compete in eventing. Called KER ClockIt Sport, the app, with the help of an onboard heart-rate monitor and Bluetooth technology, records heart rate, speed, distance, and altitude. A prototype of the sport-horse app was ready for field testing by February 2015. Like the model on which KER ClockIt Sport is based, data is sent from a smartphone to other users of the app and to a server for storage. The app is owner-centric, meaning the owner dictates who receives data for any given horse. For example, data may
be shared with a trainer, who can then offer input into training schedules. “KER ClockIt Sport enables us to gather real-time data on an individual horse’s workload, and use that information to make feeding recommendations, as well as being a valuable tool for trainers and riders to measure their horse’s fitness and compare it to others of a similar caliber,” said Pagan. KER ClockIt Sport also features a safety mechanism that allows GPS technology to pinpoint a rider’s location in case of an emergency. The app owner can choose specific contacts to receive emergency information. The foundation of the field testing involved measuring how hard eventing horses work during competition. Without this information, it would be impossible to determine how hard horses must train to be properly conditioned for a competition. Work Intensity During a Three-day Event In a study that lasted from February to mid-April, over 2,000 exercise sessions were recorded with KER ClockIt Sport using more than 100 event horses based primarily in Ocala, Aiken, and Southern Pines. A concentrated study group consisted of 34 horses at different levels, all of which were measured daily for six to eight weeks (five Novice, five Training, five Preliminary, eight usef.org
Intermediate, and eleven Advanced). Included in this study were horses that competed in the Advanced, CIC2*, and CIC3* divisions of a prestigious spring competition. Results indicated that horses spent much of their time on course with heart rates over 180 bpm, which is the point when lactate accumulation begins the exponential climb from 4 mmol/l to 18 mmol/l or more. High lactate causes increased fatigue during cross-country, which in turn may translate to disobediences, time faults, or falls. In addition to fatigue, horses will use more glycogen for energy, depleting stores necessary for stadium jumping on the third day of competition. Horses replace muscle glycogen slowly, often requiring three days for complete replenishment. With this information in mind, the next step was to learn how hard event horses train for competition.
PHOTOS: COURTESY KENTUCKY EQUINE RESEARCH
Training Protocols for Event Horses Before a Competition Following the eleven Advanced horses mentioned previously during the same time period (February to mid-April), KER researchers identified heart rate and associated lactate production for typical training schedules. Training usually involved a mixture of hacking (primarily walking), trotting (trot sets), flatting (dressage work), galloping, stadium jumping, and crosscountry schooling. Based on these observations, very little work was done at a heart rate over 180 bpm. In fact, on average, the studied horses spent less than two minutes per week in exercise that caused heart rate to elevate above 180 bpm. Based on these observations, KER researchers learned that horses were not intensely trained in late winter, possibly due to earliness in the competition season, flat terrain, soundness concerns, or a difficulty in assessing exercise intensity. The majority of high-intensity exercise occurred during competition, not during training sessions. With the disparity in work intensity between training and competing documented, how hard should event horses be trained?
These graphs show heart rate and speed during jump schooling, cross-country at a CIC3*, and hill work. Altitude is also noted on the graph depicting hill work.
May / June
WHAT WOULD THEY BE DOING?
Preparing Horses for Competition Using New Data Because of the size and fragility of horses, training seems to be a balancing act between soundness and fitness. Human athletes often aim to train at between 75 and 90% of maximum heart rate, sometimes higher for advanced interval training. Similarly, training horses at heart rates above 180 bpm (80>90% of maximum heart rate) offers several physiologic benefits. Riders can safely increase exercise intensity by adding hills to the training schedule. Multiple treadmill studies have shown that an increase in incline boosted oxygen consumption by 70%. A 1% increase in grade has the same effect as a 35 m/min increase in speed. As such, equal heart rates were obtained from horses whether they exercised on a flat surface at 700 m/min or a 6% grade at 490 m/min. Hills allow horses to exercise with elevated heart rates at slower and safer speeds. What Riders Are Saying About KER ClockIt Sport Many riders gave generously of their time to help KER gather data from daily use of KER ClockIt Sport in early 2015. International event rider Buck Davidson used KER ClockIt Sport during the lead-up to spring competitions, including the Rolex Kentucky Three-Day Event presented by Land Rover. “KER leads the way in nutrition and exercise research for horses. It is such a quality company in everything it does,” said Davidson. “I think this new fitness app will revolutionize the way we monitor our horses’ fitness programs and treat them as the athletes they really are.” Eventing rider and Internet sensation Jimmie Schramm also counts KER ClockIt Sport as an important tool in her training arsenal. “I have been using KER ClockIt Sport to monitor my horse’s fitness while prepping for my first CCI4*. I have found it extremely useful for tracking his day-to-day work, and it’s so easy to use,” commented Schramm. “Anyone looking for a way to track a horse’s fitness should try KER ClockIt Sport!” Future Questions Because research begets research, these initial studies have led KER researchers to identify further questions that will enhance understanding of equine fitness and broaden the capabilities of KER ClockIt: How hard do event horses train later in the season? How much lactate is produced during training? What is the relationship between heart rate/lactate and performance during a competition (time faults or jumping penalties)? What is the relationship between previous training intensity and performance during a competition (time faults or jumping penalties)? What is the relationship between previous training intensity and incidence of injury during training and competition? Additional studies in the U.S. and U.K. are planned this year. How to Get KER ClockIt Sport KER ClockIt Sport for iPhones will be available for purchase from iTunes in May. A version for Android will follow. Heart rate monitors are available from the KER online store, shop.kerx.com. If you’re interested in receiving updates about KER ClockIt Sport, including when it’s available on iTunes, please visit promos.ker.com/clockit. ■ Written by Kentucky Equine Research Staff
38 Equestrian May / June
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Official Transportation Company of the USEF
A Tour of
Hagyard Equine Medical Institute Behind the Scenes of Equine Medicine
rom the main entrance, the Hagyard Equine Medical Institute looks like any other veterinary pharmacy, but a tour of the facilities reveals the business’s extensive amenities. For 139 years, the veterinarians of Hagyard have dedicated their work to the health and well-being of horses. Since its creation in 1876 by Dr. E.T. Hagyard, the organization has been at the forefront of equine medicine, offering state-of-the-art treatments and surgeries to its equine clientele, including international breeding operations and world-renowned race horses, as well performance and pleasure horses. More than 50 veterinarians and a well-educated, experienced staff of support personnel all contribute to a variety of specialties. Hagyard is the official equine pharmacy and veterinary services provider of the USEF and treats thousands of horses per year, whether through field care, surgery, medicine, fertility, laboratory, hyperbaric oxygen therapy, MRI, emergency rescue, or podiatry. Hagyard field care provides personalized client service to area horse farms, sales companies, races, sport-horse events, endurance races, shows, rodeos, and more. Included in its field care programs is ETA, which stands for efficient, timely, and accurate. The ETA department handles approximately 75% of the importing and exporting of horses into and out of the Commonwealth of Kentucky, managing quarantine requirements, coordinating vaccinations, preparing documents and making sure the veterinarians are in place as needed at every stage. As part of that, ETA coordinates with shippers for the movement of the horses via air travel. In 2013 the state of Kentucky exported more than 3700 horses to over 30 countries.
PHOTOS: KIM RUSSELL PHOTOGRAPHY
“Hagyard is the official equine pharmacy and veterinary services provider of the USEF.”
World-renowned surgeons operate at the David Surgery Center. usef.org
May / June
44 Equestrian May / June
laboratory. Each year, the center sees over 2,500 medicine and critical care cases and a full spectrum of diseases, from cardiac, respiratory, autoimmune, gastrointestinal, and dermatologic conditions, to laminitis, neurological, and ophthalmologic diseases. The facility comprises four units: isolation, intermediate care, intensive care, and neurological cases. Horses are admitted to a specific unit based on their diagnostic reports. One of Hagyard’s newest initiatives is its Sport Horse Program, which incorporates health and wellness, preventative medicine, nutrition, incident treatment, and disease care. For diagnostic workups, the program utilizes a 60x180 foot cov-
PHOTOS: KIM RUSSELL PHOTOGRAPHY
The Davidson Surgery Center performs more than 6,000 surgical procedures per year, providing both general and specialized surgical services. Expert surgeons are available for both major and minor cases, elective or emergency, and on an inpatient or outpatient basis. The facility is equipped with digital radiology, nuclear scintigraphy (a test in which a two-dimensional picture of a body radiation source is taken through radioisotopes), ultrasound, and MRI diagnostic abilities. The next stop on the tour is the McGee Medicine Center, a full-service hospital open 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, with services that include ICU and neonatal ICU, an infectious disease unit, hyperbaric oxygen therapy, and a full diagnostic
Top: Podiatry Center Below: Hyperbaric oxygen therapy chamber
May / June
Top: A technician assists a new foal and mother with feeding. Below: Hundreds of foals are delivered at the McGee Medicine Center each year.
“No matter what the horses’ needs, Hagyard Equine Medical Institute’s extensive facilities can meet them.”
46 Equestrian May / June
PHOTOS: KIM RUSSELL PHOTOGRAPHY
ered arena built in 2010 in advance of the Alltech FEI World Equestrian Games held at the neighboring Kentucky Horse Park. Hagyard Sport Horse veterinarians use up-to-the-minute scientific data and current technology to minimize injury and optimize performance, while providing appropriate diagnostics and injury treatment, regular evaluations of the systems in place, and ongoing consultations. The tour ends at the Podiatry Center, which hosts Fraley Equine Podiatry. Dr. Bryan Fraley and his team of equine podiatrists work on all breeds and disciplines, from show horses to pets. They work with veterinarians and farriers from all over the world to ensure their success. The Podiatry
Center is open for treatment by Dr. Fraley’s team, or for owners with their own farriers who need hoof care on the road or to consult on-site with a Hagyard veterinarian. No matter what the horses’ needs, Hagyard Equine Medical Institute’s extensive facilities can meet them. Campus tours are provided year-round, and must be scheduled in advance. For more information on Hagyard Equine Medical Institute, visit hagyard.com. ■ Eileen Schnettler
May / June
AUGUST 19-23 LAMPLIGHT EQUESTRIAN CENTER WAYNE, IL
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LEGEND® (hyaluronate sodium) Injectable Solution
PURE LEGEND is the first FDA-approved IV joint therapy. And it’s backed by decades of experience deriving ultra-pure hyaluronic acid (HA) – so you can have confidence when it counts. Made in the U.S.A.
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IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION: The safety of LEGEND has not been evaluated in breeding stallions or in breeding, pregnant or lactating mares. The following adverse reactions have been reported following use of LEGEND Injectable Solution: Following intravenous use: occasional depression, lethargy, and fever. Following intra-articular (LEGEND Injectable Solution — 2 mL only) use: lameness, joint effusion, joint or injection site swelling, and joint pain. Legend® Multi Dose (hyaluronate sodium) Injectable Solution, Legend (hyaluronate sodium) Injectable Solution, BRIEF SUMMARY: Prior to use please consult the product insert, a summary of which follows: CAUTION: Federal Law restricts this drug to use by or on the order of a licensed veterinarian. INDICATIONS: Legend® Injectable Solution and Legend® Multi Dose Injectable Solution are indicated in the treatment of equine joint dysfunction associated with equine osteoarthritis. CONTRAINDICATIONS: There are no known contraindications for the use of Legend® Injectable Solution and Legend® Multi Dose Injectable Solution in horses. RESIDUE WARNINGS: Do not use in horses intended for human consumption. HUMAN WARNINGS: Not for use in humans. Keep out of reach of children. ANIMAL SAFETY WARNING: For Legend Injectable Solution 4 mL and Legend Multi Dose Injectable Solution – Not for Intra-articular use. The Intra-articular safety of hyaluronate sodium with benzyl alcohol has not been evaluated. PRECAUTIONS: Complete lameness evaluation should be conducted by a veterinarian. Sterile procedure during the injection process must be followed. Intra-articular injections should not be made through skin that is inflamed, infected or has had a topical product applied. The safety of Legend Injectable Solution and Legend Multi Dose has not been evaluated in breeding stallions or in breeding, pregnant or lactating mares. ADVERSE REACTIONS: No side effects were observed in Legend Injectable Solution clinical field trials. Side effects reported post-approval: Following intravenous use: Occasional depression, lethargy, and fever. Following intra-articular (Legend Injectable Solution – 2 mL only) use: joint or injection site swelling and joint pain. For medical emergencies or to report adverse reactions, call 1-800-422-9874. ANIMAL SAFETY SUMMARY: Animal safety studies utilizing Legend Multi Dose Injectable Solution were not performed. Legend Multi Dose Injectable Solution was approved based on the conclusion that the safety of Legend Multi Dose Injectable Solution will not differ from that demonstrated for the original formulation of Legend Injectable Solution. Legend Injectable Solution was administered to normal horses at one, three and five times the recommended intra-articular dosage of 20 mg and the intravenous dose of 40 mg. Treatments were given weekly for nine consecutive weeks. No adverse clinical or clinical pathologic signs were observed. Injection site swelling of the joint capsule was similar to that seen in the saline treated control horses. No gross or histological lesions were observed in areas of the treated joint. For customer care or to obtain product information, including a Material Safety Data Sheet, call 1-888-637-4251 Option 2. ®LEGEND is a registered trademark of Merial. ©2015 Merial, Inc., Duluth, GA. All rights reserved. EQUIOLG1512-A (03/15)
What’s Next Champions Issue Equestrian Magazine showcases the success of American athletes at the 2015 Pan American Games and the Adequan/FEI North American Junior & Young Rider Championships presented by Gotham North. Get a behind-the-scenes look at a day in the life of a Young Rider participating in the USEA Young Rider Mentorship Program. Learn simple ways to repurpose all those horse show ribbons. Don’t miss the next winning edition of Equestrian Magazine! Don’t forget to check out the iPad version available through the iTunes App store.
A fresh approach to classic equestrian style.
May / June
H E A LT H Y E AT I N G O N T H E G O
ith more than one-third of U.S. adults struggling with obesity, people are now focusing on nutrition and exercise more than ever. As an equestrian athlete, you have already got the exercise part covered, but what about your nutrition? What you eat and drink has an impact on your performance in the ring, and eating healthy when you are traveling to competitions all over the country can be difficult. Making smart decisions while you are on the road is the key to your health. The best option is to plan ahead and pack as much healthy food as you can. The nutrition groups below are vital for optimal performance, and should be taken into consideration when planning your meals and snacks for the day. CARBS || carbohydrates should be consumed at each meal and pre- and postworkout, for fuel and to replenish muscle energy stores.
FAT || healthy fats at each meal provide energy balance and help replace muscle energy stores FRUITS & VEGETABLES || two servings of fruit and two-and-half servings of veggies throughout the day supply the vitamins and minerals needed to produce energy FLUIDS || drink enough to maintain hydration and replace fluids lost during exercise and trave
Finding nutritious snacks at horse shows can be even more challenging than healthy meal options. Prepare snacks and beverages, such as these, to promote energy and hydration. Bagel with nut butter, dry ready-to-eat cereals, sports bars String cheese, yogurt Trail mix with dried fruit, nuts, and seeds Fresh fruit, sliced vegetables Water, sports water, sports drink, 100% fruit juice Fast-food eateries can be confusing when it comes to nutrition. Luckily, most fast-food places post nutrition facts on their websites so you view the nutrition chart before you go.
52 Equestrian May /june
Look for foods that are low in fat, calories, sugar, and sodium — and high in fiber, vitamins, calcium, and iron. Choose restaurants that allow vegetables and fruits to be substituted for unhealthy foods. Suggestions for healthy eating options are: Mexican: burrito or soft tacos with grilled veggies, chicken, fish, or steak Fast food: grilled chicken sandwich, hamburger, or veggie burger with tomato and lettuce, or grilled chicken salad with reduced-fat dressing Sub sandwich restaurant: chili and side salad or turkey sandwich Bakery restaurant: low-fat garden vegetable soup and veggie sandwich or smoked turkey breast sandwich For more information on athlete nutrition, visit truesport.org.
PROTEIN || moderate amounts of lean protein eaten at each meal in small amounts and in pre-and post-exercise snacks will speed recovery and repair muscles
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This is my horse
My first pony was named "Cash and Carry ," a great jumping pony that was passed down through my siblings. He was just one of the horses that prepared me for the experience I've had with Brunello. I know that nutrition has a lot to do with how Brunello performs. I believe in a simple, but powerful diet to fuel healthy cells, which is why I choose Platinum. I also give the horses Platinum Balance because the better Brunello's stomach feels, the higher he jumps! If I wasn't a Hunter rider, I would be a nutritionist because you are what you eat.
USEF Emerson Burr Trophy Winner 2013 USHJA International Hunter Derby Finals Champion Platinum Performance® Client since 2005 Liza has been a client since 2005 and a sponsored endorsee since 2013
USEF 2013 National Horse of the Year
Liza supplements Brunello with Platinum PAKs containing Platinum Performance® Equine and Platinum Balance.®
Platinum Performance® Equine • Joint Health • Hoof Health • Skin & Coat Health
• Performance & Recovery • Digestive health • Bone & Tendon Health
Platinum Balance® • Probiotics for digestion, immune health and proper pH levels • Prebiotics for digestion of fiber and utilization of feed
www.PlatinumPerformance.com To find the right Platinum Performance® solution, and to learn about the science behind the supplements, call or visit our website, or speak with your equine veterinarian. © 2014 PLATINUM PERFORMANCE, INC.
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