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Our four models for the magazine front cover: Matilde Flores from Portugal, JosĂŠ Antonio RodrĂ­guez Morales from Spain, Katerina Galani from Greece and Wojtek Gierosz from Poland. Cover photo: Eurico Cavaco (Portugal) Cover photo editing: Ana Isabel Vieira (Portugal) Cover design and magazine layout: Efstratios Peroutseas, Stavroula Boskovits (Greece)

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Lifelong Learning Programme Comenius Multilateral School Partnership 2011-2013 “Our lives in the limelight� The project aimed at promoting a better understanding of various ways of European life. Participating teenagers used their own experience, observed different fields of life, wrote articles, took photos, drew pictures, made animations and videos. In the second year of the project they shared information about employment, the job market in their areas, their towns in the past and now and consumption of water and energy. Teachers cooperated in a practical and theoretical way, using modern technologies to communicate and different teaching methods . During the visits students and teachers participated in multi-cultural group work such as painting, dancing, singing, designing CD cover, writing articles on different topics, photo sessions, editing videos and presentations. They also had the opportunity to take part in various events such as trips to places of historical importance, folk dance shows, school ceremonies. In this magazine you can find all information we gathered and shared in the second year of the project. The magazine is accompanied by the CD with the presentations and movies. To find out more

about

the

project

you

are

welcome

www.ourlivesinthelimelight.weebly.com

THANK YOU FOR ALL YOUR HARD WORK! We hope you will enjoy reading it. Anna Gatkowska - Project Coordinator 3

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website:


Contents Comenius teams ………………………………………………………………………………………

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First meeting In Spain - diary

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Second meeting in Poland - diary

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Comenius experience visiting in POLAND - Spanish Students …………………… 22 Comenius experience visiting in SPAIN - Polish Students ……………………..…… 23 My Dream Job Being an air traffic controller…………………………………………………………………….

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Reflexology ………………………………………………………………………………………………. 27 Who doesn't have a future dream? …………………………………………………………. 28 What will my future job be?……………………………………………………………………..

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I want to be a dietitian……………………………………………………………………………… 29 Do no harm !…………………………………………………………………………………………….

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Labour Market Employment Status in Lepe………………………………………………………………………. 31 Labour Market in Lepe……………………………………………………………………………… 32 Labour Market in Ostrzeszow County……………………………………………………….. 33 Interviews Interview - Seleccione la fecha…………………………………………………………………. 36 Interview with the owner of a furniture manufacture ‘MEBLECH’ head37 quartered in Kraszewice…………………………………………………………………………… An interview with Ryszard Fiłka - the owner of the wooden pallets manu- 39 facture ‘BOREX’ headquartered in Kraszewice………………………………………….. Interview with Vasilis Souliotis, owner of the food industry ‘Palirria’……….. 40 Interview—Todoclima………………………………………………………………………………. 42 Our Towns Now and Then Lepe Before and After………………………………………………………………………………. 43 4


Nea Artaki - Now and then……………………………………………………………………… 45 Kraszewice in the Past and Now……………………………………………………………….

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Water and Energy Water and Arts………………………………………………………………………………………… 48 Greedy Monsters …………………………………………………………………………………….. 49 Light and Water Consumption in Lepe……………………………………………………… 50 Light and Water Before, Now and After……………………………………………………. 52 To save or not to save… That’s the question…………………………………………….. 53 The Water……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 55 The Light………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 57 Water and Energy Conservation Project…………………………………………………… 58

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Gimnazjum im. Polskich Olimpijczyk贸w Kraszewice, Poland

Gymnasio Neas Artakis, Nea Artaki, Greece

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Escola Bรกsica Integrada Fernando Casimiro Pereira da Silva, Rio Maior, Portugal

Intituto de Education Secundaria "La Arboleda", Lepe, Spain

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Diary of the meeting in Spain 30 September – 5 October 2013

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Diary of the meeting in Poland 9-15 April 2013

From 9th to 14th of April 2013 we had especially important time for our community, particularly for students, who hosted guests from European countries. I was one of the hosts. The whole adventure began on Tuesday 9th when our quests arrived to our houses.

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10th April 2014 The next day we spent at school showing it round to the visitors from abroad. After that we did some tasks prepared for the purpose of the project. We prepared quizzes related to the project and we also wrote letters for future generations including information about environmental problems. After a few hours of studying we went sightseeing Kraszewice and the flour mill which is one of the main workplaces in our village. At the end of the first day we had a party at school. We had great fun there. Spanish students turned out to be the best dancers !

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11Th April 2013 Thursday was a ‘Green Day’ in our school. We had a lot of activities related to environment. The first task was connected with fashion, but the extraordinary one. We had to design some fashionable clothes with the use of recycled materials such as plastic bags, caps, tinfoil. We had a professional support from our friend, a professional make-up-artist. It was a wonderful experience and the results of our work were amazing. We not only had a lot of laughter together but we also learned that some materials, fabrics and plastic can be reused. The audience present at the fashion show appreciated our work. Gathered in the school gym, we watched the play ‘Little Green Riding Hood’ prepared by fist graders. Later, we shared the results of the experiment we did during the last two

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12th April 2013 Friday was a very busy day. We started the day at 4.30. We visited Kraków and Wieliczka, beautiful and picturesque places worth seeing – our national treasures. St. Mary’s Church, Cloth Hall, Old Town – all of them impressed us enormously.

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13th April 2013 Saturday was the day we spent in the Forest Centre in Gołuchów where we had some outdoor tasks to do. It was funny and challenging experience. We were working in international groups and looking for dendrological treasures in the park. We discovered a lot of new facts about trees, their growth, importance to human life and environment.

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In the evening we had an official dinner with many prominent guests such as the member of the European Parliament for Poland, representatives of local and regional governments and board of education, mayor of Kraszewice, sponsors. There were also friends of our school, parents and teachers. It was a kind of meeting where we summarised the project outcomes and thanked for the effort and involvement.

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14th April 2013 On Sunday we went to Wrocław , the last place on our tour map. We visited many interesting places and in the evening we said goodbye to our Comenius friends. It was hard to believe that this was the end of such a wonderful adventure. We could not hide tears.

15th April 2013 Departure of the participants of the meeting.

Klaudia Bendarz, Poland 21


Comenius experience visiting in POLAND - Spanish Students DANIEL ORTIZ (Lepe, Spain) This last travel to Poland was a really good experience because it was the last travel that we did in this Comenius Project and it was so sad for me because I should say good bye to all people. Also it was a great experience because I like the Polish culture and also the people who I were because they are nice people and I know that the friends that I have done there are going to be for all my life. The cities are also very beautiful and I like them too much. I know that the project has finished buy the friendship that I did there I think that are going to be forever so thank you to all the families and teachers who did this project come true and fulfill all our dreams. Thank you! JULIA BLANCO (Lepe, Spain) Comenius experience has been the best experience of my life. I never thought I would be able to find another family manymiles away. There have been memorable moments in just five days, full of laughter and tears the last day. I'm glad I've found real good friends in Poland and a second family, that was the best family I could ever have. It is an incredible way to share cultures and languages, and although it has been more than a month we are maintaining contact. The truth is that I will never forget because it is impossible and of course expect to see them again. Impossible to describe in words. CAROLINA MORALES CORO (Lepe, Spain) Comenius experience in Poland was very enriching , because it gave me the opportunity to know a new country, very different to mine, new habits, new food, new places, etc. But, what I liked most was to meet new friends. Great people who I will always remember. We spent together unforgettable days, full of happiness. Teachers and student lived in Poland many anecdotes which we will never forget. They, our Polish, Greek and Portuguese friends were definitely the best of the experience. Without forget the families. They were very good people, friendly and sweet, who made our stay there perfect. THANKS POLAND. ABRAHAM JURADO WILSON /(Lepe, Spain) My experience in Poland was really good, at first I thought they ate strange traditional polish food or that they had strange timetables, but then I realised it was like here, in Spain. There was snow everywhere, for me it was exciting because I had only seen snow a couple of times. We stayed in Kraszewice, a small but nice village, people were nice, food was nice, my 'New' family was nice. I had great fun, it was a experience I would repeat.

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Comenius experience visiting in SPAIN - Polish Students "Our lives in the Limelight" - a week full of unforgettable impressions and memories Thanks to 'Comenius' I had a chance to participate in a weekly exchange in the south of Spain - Lepe. On a Sunday afternoon when I was received by a Spanish family, I felt that this would be the best week of my life. With great delight I participated in a trip to Sevilla. I enjoyed the city view from a high tower. A trip to Aracena and Huelva also provided me with many impressions. I had there the opportunity to see 'Las Maravillas Grotto' and the church, from which I could enjoy the picturesque view of the mountains. The trip to Doñana National Park was also a good idea. To my surprise, I saw there animals that also live in Poland (fallow deer, red deer, wild boar, horses). Through this week I was hosted by a fantastic girl - Estefania. She is very kind, friendly and beautiful. Although she is a year older than me, I felt as if we were twin sisters and knew each other for many years. Throughout the whole stay in Lepe I felt that we became one big family. When the week was about to finish, I was sorry to say "goodbye". Even today , I miss all the friends I met during this trip. With many of them I’m in touch. I MISS EVERYONE! Well… SEE YOU IN POLAND! Dominika Osmalak, Poland

My experience in Spain My initial feelings associated with travel to Spain were mixed. I enjoyed the idea of participating in the exchange but I was also a bit afraid of it. However everything was ok. The first hours of "my adventure" were not very pleasant, but with every day I loved it more and more. . During the project I met many interesting people who were mostly Spanish, but also Greek and Portuguese. Lessons in Lepe were not interesting for me because I don’t understand Spanish. But the lesson of English was interesting and involving. All in all, my experiences from Spain are positive, and if I could, I would take part in the project again.

Adrian Sikora, Poland

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Comenius experience visiting in SPAIN - Polish Students My Spanish adventure In October 2012 I was in Spain. I went there because I take part in a Comenius project. To tell you the truth, I was really delighted when I heard that I would go there with my friends. They said that it is hard to talk to other people only in English, but I believed that it would be ok. I was a bit anxious because I wasn’t able to get to know my host family before meeting them in Spain. Besides, it was the first time I flew the airplane. Luckily, it turned out to be an exciting and funny experience. We had a complicated journey, involving two changes. When we arrived in Faro in Portugal we stayed overnight in a nice hostel, where all drinks were on the house. In the morning we went sightseeing. The town had awesome views and a lot of historical buildings. Later in the evening we took a bus to Villa Real (by the Spanish border) where we met our host families. They took me to my “new” home. I had to get used to speaking only in English. It wasn’t easy at first and sometimes I mixed two languages, Polish and English. Jose, my host student, introduced me to many nice people. He was very friendly and I would love to host him in Poland in return. Our days were varied and exceptionally pleasant. We took part in interesting activities at school which was really big, twice as big as mine. At first it seemed as a huge maize with lots of corridors. The students there were really cool, relaxed and so cheerful. I especially enjoyed the English classes and school breaks. However, the lessons were too long for me. The Spanish took us to the beach, Seville and to many more interesting sights. I also had a chance to taste typical Spanish dishes and seafood which was so fresh and delicious, a real treat for the palate! Jose’s mother is a very good cook and I enjoyed her fish dishes and even mussels. What made me crazy , was the time the Spanish eat their meals. Dinners started at 8 pm and finished late at night. It took me some time to get used to it. On returning back to Poland I felt sad but bottled with lots of memories of the best friends from Spain. It was a great journey, and I had the time of my life. I can’t wait when the Spanish come to Poland. Thank you Comenius! Paweł Żuberek, Poland

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Comenius experience visiting in SPAIN - Polish Students I spent a wonderful week in Spain I’ll never forget the time I spent in Spain and the places I visited. For a week I moved from cool Polish autumn weather to a continental climate. Owning to this trip I could meet a lot of nice and kind people. The most interesting thing for me was the flight to Spain because I had never flown a plane. I found out a lot about the culture and customs of Spain. For example, lessons in Spain last longer than in Poland. I paid my attention to beautiful landscapes and the beaches which were stretching for miles by the Ocean. The most interesting town which I have ever seen was Seville- the capital of Andalusia. I visited the Cathedral of Saint Maria and the model ship of Christopher Columbus. I also went up the tower, which had thirty floors. The view from the tower was amazing. (I saw the panorama of the city from it). The wonderful view had also the huge park called Donana, which is situated in the south - west of the Iberian Peninsula. It is famous of rich fauna and swamps. I could see there wild animals, which also live in my country. We could admire picturesque view of the mountains when we were in a church. My stay in Lepe gave me the chance to learn about cultures of other countries which take part in the project. I could improve my English. I understood that it is very important to speak English because we can contact with other people. The Spanish turned out to be very kind and cheerful. They’re also very hospitable. I like their expressive dances. Being worried before visiting Spain was completely unnecessary because I made friends on the first day. I’ll never forget this adventure, the journey which sank deep into my heart.

Klaudia Bednarz, Poland

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flow of air traffic in the global air traffic control system. The position of air traffic controller is one that requires highly specialized knowledge, skills, and abilities.

MY DREAM JOB Being an air traffic controller Evi Bairami, Greece

Controllers apply separation rules to keep aircraft at a safe distance from each other in their area of responsibility and move all aircraft safely and efficiently through their assigned sector of airspace, as well as on the ground. Because controllers have an incredibly large responsibility while on duty (often in aviation, "on position"), the ATC profession is consistently regarded around the world as one of the most challenging careers, and can be notoriously

Nowadays most people have a dream job they would like to do in their lives. My dream job is to be an air traffic controller.

stressful depending on many variables (equipment, configurations, weather, traffic volume, human factors, etc.). Many controllers, Air traffic controllers are people trained however, would cite high salaries and a very to maintain the safe, orderly and expeditious large and privileged degree of autonomy as major advantages of their jobs. The reason I have chosen this job is because I find it challenging but I was also influenced by my dad who is an air traffic controller in the air forces. In my opinion, to be an ATC in the air forces is very difficult because it is too stressful and demands a great deal of responsibility. So I think that ACT is a dangerous and difficult job but it is very exciting too.

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However, critics believe that reflexology is unreliable, because it can not treat certain condiLydia Vogiatzolou, Greece tions or diagnose medical cases. In addition, it has been given a bad name due to people who didn‘t know how to practise it properly and What I want to be when I grow up? A reflexolo- who caused more harm than good. gist. What is that? Let me just explain.

My dream job - Reflexology

Reflexology is an alternative form of medicine in which the healer applies special pressure on and massages the feet, hands, ears, face even the tongue and nose of a patient. Its target is to To sum up, I believe that reflexology deserves maintain balance in the human body which can to be treated as a true science. Lots of studies be achieved through relaxation. have shown how beneficial it can be for the human body even in very difficult cases. Let me just mention the fact that in Great Britain it is part of the national health system and that I truly want to become a reflexologist, because I really want to help people relax from their exhausting routine and forget for a short while their stresses.

Reflexology offers a great number of benefits. First of all, it relieves stress and tension by releasing the therapeutic powers of a human body. Moreover, it brings balance and harmony to the system and paves the way for selfhealing. More specifically, it improves circulation, enhances the immune system, balances hormones and removes toxins. 27


MY DREAM JOB Who doesn't have a future dream? Nazaret Romero , Spain Lots of people dream with having a lot of money, others with travelling and others with finding the love of their lives. My dream for the future is to have a happy family, fulfill myself personally and finding the ideal job, but when I think about a job I wonder ‘what is my dream job?’ And sadly, after a long time thinking, I can't find the answer to this question.

When I find that job in what I can do that thing, I'll do anything to get it because it will be the basement of my happiness and if any day I start thinking it´s impossible to reach it, I´ll think in a famous phrase from a film that says: “Don’t ever let someone tell you that you can’t do something. You got a dream, you gotta protect it. When people can’t do something themselves, they’re gonna tell you that you can’t do it. You want something, go get it!”

What will my future job be? Abraham Jurado, Spain I'm sixteen and like a lot of people or teenagers of my age, I don't really know what my job in the future will be... I'm going to be honest with you all: I've got a few ideas or possibilities. I want so succed in life so I'm definetly going to study a degree at university -my parents aren't rich but they could support me economically. I might study law, as my father did. I'm quite intelligent, well not like Einstein but I consider myself to be fairly intelligent so I could be a good lawyer. When I was a little girl, I had a dream; everything was easier, I knew I wanted to be a clown to make all the kids in the world happy, and while I was making my dream come true one day I was a doctor, another day I was a cleaner, another day a vet... However, when you get older and more mature you realize that you can't have a different job every day. So now I'm in process of finding that job, what I can do every day of my life without getting tired, that job that I love, a job that will make me happier. It´s difficult to find it because I can't see myself working as anything, I only guess myself travelling around the world, meeting new cities, new cultures.

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It could be a good idea but... I don't imagine myself sitting down in an office every day of my life, I need more action, so ''My dream job" would be being a detective or police inspector! I constantly imagine myself entering into houses investigating the crime scene or capturing burglars...

When I was in a primary school I changed my mind and decided to become a dietitian who advises people on what to eat in order to lead a healthy lifestyle. I got interested in cooking and healthy food. I started to read a lot of books and watch TV programs that were related to this topic. I became more aware of the influI think I will study at Seville University, do you know where Seville is? It´s the capital of ence of nutrition on people’s lives and being a Andalusia, not far away from where I live. I can dietitian has become my new life goal. speak two languages quite well -English and Spanish, and I also practice martial arts. In less than a year´s time, I will have a black belt in Taekwondo, so as for being active and speaking languages I have no problems but I´m a bit lazy so I have to study a lot to build my dream-job...

I want to be a dietitian Marika Skraburska, Poland When I was a little girl I wanted to be a famous singer. Together with my friend, we dressed in my mum’s clothes, we put on some make-up and we imagined that we were on a concert singing for the crowds of our fans. The brushes were our microphones and our fans were dolls and teddy bears. After some time I gave up the idea of becoming a pop star.

Now I’m a student of a lower secondary school and I already have a clear outline of my professional path. To start off my career I have to finish a secondary school and pass Matura exams with flying colours. I would like to go to a technical secondary school where I can gain professional knowledge and experience at the same time. Then, I would like to study food and nutritional science at the university to get a diploma in Dietetics. With a bachelor degree I will be able to work either in private practice or under contract with health care institution. I will strive hard to make my dream come true because I deeply believe that this job will give me a lot of satisfaction. I want to help people with eating disorders and provide nutrition and health advice for infants, children, adolescents and adults. By doing my job well, I will improve the quality of people’s lives and change their habits which will contribute to a better and happier world.

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plore with enthusiasm and passion.

MY DREAM JOB Do no harm ! Wojtek Gierosz, Poland When I was a child I dreamt , as most of the boys do, of becoming a footballer, a national hero or a famous sportsman admired by millions. But as I was growing up my dreams were changing too. Under the influence of my experiences I changed the way of perceiving life. I noticed that it is the most precious and at the same the most fragile gift you were given at birth and that it should be cherished at every moment. I realized that my dream is to become a doctor.

I’m certain that this is the right career for me. I posses a lot of features of character which are essential in this profession. I am hard-working, responsible, sensitive to other people’s needs and I have nerves of steel which enables me to stay cool in any critical situation . What is more, I can show compassion, respect and empathy and this is what all patients want a physician to express. I perform well in science and have scientific interests which I ex-

I am only a teenager now and I am aware that there is a long and bumpy road to success in this profession. First I have to finish middle school and then go to a secondary school. There I will focus mostly on biology, anatomy, chemistry, physics and foreign languages such as English and Latin. Then I should study medicine at the university and choose the faculty. I’ve already decided to become a surgeon. I observed their work at the hospital where my little sister was operated on. She was diagnosed with a serious congenital heart disease. The surgeons saved her life then and they gained my respect and admiration. I feel through my experiences that the

role of the doctor is right for me. I want to pursue it with passion and make a difference in the lives of others. I will practice medicine ethically and honestly and act according to the Hippocratic oath. I will do my best to make my dream come true.

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Some towns have employment programs but due to the situation that we are going through, they can’t provide enough. They also help selfCarolina Morales Coro & Estefanía Costa employ people to make new companies to creGonzález, IES La Arboleda, Lepe — Spain ate work. Among others help, they provide courses to introduce new people in to the laAs all we know, it is very important to be well- bour market. prepared and have a good curriculum to enter Due to the severe crisis that we are going the labour market as soon as possible and unthrough, this help is insufficient because there der the best conditions. is no money. Many people cheat the system, In the last year the number of unemployed has because everyone looks after their own interincreased considerably, what has caused this? ests. To avoid this there are work inspectors, The reason lies with the economic crisis that but they don’t always do their job. This situahas caused the closure of many companies and tion hurts the economy and this is one of the with it the excessive increase in unemployment. causes of the current crisis.

EMPLOYMENT STATUS IN LEPE

In Lepe there are exactly 3,443 unemployed of We wait for this situation to change soon and whom 1,726 are men and 1,717 are women. for the economy of Spain to improve. The highest number of unemployed is concentrated in the construction sector because many IES La Arbolesa (Lepe, Spain) houses were built without there being demand and which produced an oversupply. Along with construction other related sectors also collapsed: the electrical, plumbing and furniture sectors etc. Lepe is the biggest city after Huelva, the capital, so it provided its services to all the coastal areas around. Therefore, when the construction sector collapsed a higher number of unemployment occured. The majority of unemployed people don’t have any professional training and those with professional training search for work in other countries and emigrate. Curiously when you search for information on the internet, it appears that the highest number of unemployed is in the agriculture sector, but this is not totally accurate because this type of work only needs a workforce at certain times of the year. Agriculture is the principal economic activity of Lepe, followed by tourism, especially near summer. The government doesn’t help a lot to reduce the unemployment rate because it only provides some local development services, that have recently been stopped. 31


The sectors with more workers are the agriculture and tourism but this is only during the Cristina Alvarado and Sara Muriel, spring-summer season. In the agriculture the IES La Arboleda, Lepe — Spain 74% of the land is prepared to grow strawberLepe is a city which is popular for its beaches ries. Other fruits like oranges are also very comand strawberries. People know it because Lepe mon. exports this fruit to all Europe and beaches re- In the last years the number of unemployed ceive a lot of tourists in summer. However, local people has increased too much. In 2009 there people think that there are a lot of unemploy- were approximately 2571 unemployed people ment, but the fact that they do not know is that but this numbers was bigger in 2013, rising up only the 12.64% is unemployed. In Lepe, there to 34% in these 4 years. And it is curious the are 27.241 inhabitants and 3.443 are unem- fact that there are less unemployed women ployed, as you can see in this chart. than men, as well as in 2009 and in 2013 too. Most part of this unemployed people were But the difference between them is not too workers of the construction sector and all the hard.

LABOUR MARKET IN LEPE

Moreover, we can separate this information of 2013 considering the age of the unemployed. People who have between 25 and 44 years old

works related with this sector, like carpenters, glassmakers, painters... because if the most part of this sector disappears they can’t do their jobs.

are in the biggest group of unemployment. A curious thing is that there are not a lot of unemployed younger, that is because they had been studying in a University.

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LABOUR MARKET IN OSTZRESZÓW

Kraszewice

COUNTY, POLAND

Gmina Kraszewice is a rural gmina – the basic unit of territorial division in Poland which consists of several villages.

Klaudia Bednarz, Patrycja Fiłka, Adrian Sikora, Dominika Osmalak, Rafał Grzesiek

The seat of the local government is located in Kraszewice.

Ostrzeszów County ( powiat ostrzeszowski) is a unit of territorial administration and local government in Greater Poland . It came into being There are about 3600 inhabitants. on January 1, 1999. Kraszewice covers the area of 75,11 km², inIts administrative seat and largest town is Oscluding : trzeszów. arable land: 59% The county covers an area of 772.37 square kilforests: 34% ometres (298.2 sq mi). Number of inhabitants

The county is subdivided into seven gminas (three urban-rural and four rural).

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Workplaces in Kraszewice municipality There are over 220 companies registered in Kraszewice municipality.

Registered unemployment

Agricultural activity is based on individual farms. There are specialized farms in milk and pig production

The unemployment rate in October 2012 was 9.5%, in Wielkopolska province 9,2% , and in the whole country it reached 12,5%. 64,7% of the unemployed were from rural areas.

The largest number of companies specializes in the production of palletes and wood products, upholstery and carpentry. A lot of them offer transport services or they are engaged in trade, operate in the constuction market.

The unemployment rate increased by 3% in comparison to last year (October 2011). The summer months brought a seasonal unemployment rate decline.

There are several shops.

There are more unemployed women than men in the Ostrzeszow County. In 2012 there were 1500 unemployed women which accounts for 67,4%.

Unemployment in 2011-2012 Unemployment by age

Long term unemployment

Unemployment by sex 34


In Ostrzeszow County young people between the age 18-24 are the largest group of the unemployed.

Analysis of job offers and professional groups

In the first half of 2012 in Ostrzeszów County They usually remain out of job just after gradu- Labour Office there were 638 vacancies. ating from high school or university and because they don’t have the experience required On average every month in 2012 there were 129 new job offers: by the majority of the employees. In June 2012 there were 2 125 unemployed 224 for women (29%), people in Ostrzeszów County. The unemploy- 694 ment rate reached 9,2%. 78 With comparison to the rate from last year, it 179 remained almost on the same level. 62 Over 16% of the total unemployed don’t have any professional qualifications.

from private sector (89,9%), from public sector (10,1%), from EU projects (23,0%), for disabled people (8,0 %),

In-demand jobs

Sales representative Farm worker The pie chart shows that the highest number of the unemployed (33,6%) don’t have any professional qualifications or finished only lowersecondary school (gimnazjum).

Butcher Scaffolding worker

33,3% of the unemployed graduated from vocational schools.

Porter

Among the unemployed there are only 9,9% people with a university degree.

Turner Office worker Lorry driver Office cleaner Grocery shop assistant

Unemployment by profession 35


INTERVIEW]

[

What types of skills do we need to have to direct a business? [Seleccione la fecha]

Marta, Spain Maria Jose, one of the many entrepreneurs who decide to start their own business. Are easy to assemble your own business? We are going to get to know a little more. What type of company do you direct? I direct a retail shop, a boutique. What was your motivation in creating this company?

We need to be able to get into the minds of shoppers, almost like being a ‘’personal shopper’’ because we need to offer our ideas and expertise. Do we need any experience to set up our own business? You don’t need experience because with this type of job you learn something new every day. What type of studies do we need to become a businessman or a businesswoman? You need administration knowledge to run the company.

My motivation for developing this company was because I love fashion and in Lepe there aren’t a Explain the main advantages and the main disadvantages of being a businessman/woman? lot fashionable clothes shops. What were your objectives? Have you achieved them all? My objectives were difficult at first but now I can say and that I’m satisfied because I’ve achieved all my objectives. What types of financial help did you receive?

The advantages are that you decide what do and what not to do, and the flexibilities of the timetables. The disadvantages are that you are always thinking about the company and you have a lot of concerns. Do you see yourself in another type of job which is not the same as this one?

The financial help that I received was a subsidy No, because I love fashion. from the European Union and the financial help from my family but nowadays I rely on myself for financial help. What types of barriers or obstacles did you have to overcome? The obstacle that I overcame was the weather because when it’s spring and winter, buyers wait and purchase products in the sales. And of course nowadays the crisis affects us all.

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Interview with the owner of a furniture manufacture ‘MEBLECH’ headquartered in Kraszewice

How has your company developed and changed over the years?

by Daria Idzikowska, Poland When did you set up the manufacture? It was set up in 1974 . Why did you decide to start your own company? I wanted to break with the family tradition of running a farm. I observed the work of craftmen who did well those days. At that time all private initiatives were on a tiny scale with the notable exception of agriculture. The private sector was limited to little shops, stalls at open markets or bakeries, occasionally small-scale manufacturing. Working for myself gave me a sense of independence.

I started with a small upholstery company hiring five workers and as the years went by we have developed into a furniture manufacturer employing more than 50 people and offering training for students from the vocational schools . We offer a wide choice of services and products. Nowadays the company has transformed since the early days. Our plant is fully equipped with everything from traditional upholstery tools to state-of-the-art production machines allowing us the flexibility to create a wide range of designs. Production is mainly focused on household and institutional furniture and kitchen cabinet manufacturing. It’s still a family- run enterprise and my sons are now in charge of designing the products. To meet the

customers’ needs, they use modern computer software and the best quality wood. Company’s headquarter Lech Baś, the owner of the company MEBLECH

What changes do you notice as far as the emHow was it to run the company in the commu- ployment is concerned? nist system? Well, unluckily for some employees the number Hmm.., it wasn’t easy, really. I had my ups and of workplaces is gradually decreasing since madowns and to overcome the problems I had to chines have been replacing humans. However, be very creative and flexible. I’ve noticed that there are increasingly better skilled and educated young people on the job market looking for vacancies. 37


Do your employees know foreign languages?

position on the market.

Several employees, especially those in charge of sales and marketing speak foreign languages. This is extremely useful because we cooperate with shops and companies from abroad. However, it is not an essential skill for all my workers.

How is it to be your own boss? This job requires a lot of commitment, responsibility and ability to take risk. You constantly think about new strategies and its development. I spend a lot of time at work. On the other hand, I hold the control and I am independent.

Where do you sell your products? We sell our products in our own stores and through the network of retailers who cooperate with us. We also sell our furniture abroad, mainly in Italy, France and Germany.

What do you do in your free time? I try not to think about the business but it’s really difficult to focus on something else. Therefore I tend to take my family somewhere out for the weekend.

Inside the factory

What do you think of the future of the company? Thank you for the interview! We would like to increase our sales and invest in new machines. We have also diversified our activity and opened a sawmill and wood drying chamber. Generally, I’m optimistic about the future. Have the investments in your company paid off? Yes, of course. Thanks to new machines we managed to improve the quality, reduce the prices, become more competitive and strengthen our 38


Interview with Ryszard Fiłka - the owner of the wooden pallets manufacture ‘BOREX’ headquartered in Kraszewice, Poland Patrycja Fiłka, Poland

‘production of wooden pallets’. After six years of the activity my plant developed and it was time for a change. I analysed various names but we came to the agreement with my family that BOREX suits best. In Polish the word BÓR – is an old way of naming a forest and EX I associate with export. How do you develop your company?

Why did you start your own company? I was unemployed and I couldn’t find anything interesting for me. I started the business 22 years ago and it was still a period of economic transformation in Poland and the emergence of capitalism. Having own business was the best I could do then.

Modern technology and equipment significantly influence its dynamic development. The company constantly improves its production and technological facilities. The automated manufacturing process allows for better control over delivery schedules and product quality. We invest in modern dryers and production lines for nailing pallets.

What is more, the company develops its own transport fleet, due to this all goods are always delivered on time. Moreover, we try to be a reliable partner to maintain good relations with our clients. We expand the export to other coWhy did you decide to produce wooden pal- untries in Western Europe. lets? My family owned a forest so I had my own source of wood. For this reason it didn’t require a lot of financial input. All I had to do was to focus on the papers, management and finding skilled workers.

How many workers do you employ ? At the moment there are 22 employees. Do you have friends among businessmen? The truth is that it is not easy to have a real friend in the same line of business. There is a What does the name of your company mean strong competition . However, I think that one and who invented it? should try not to have enemies. I started the business under a simple name 39


If you were young again, would you choose the same job ?

Interview with Vasilis Souliotis, owner of the food industry ‘Palirria’

Definitely, yes. I wouldn’t have achieved so much if I hadn’t worked on my own. It was the right choice. Anna Alexiou, Virginia Darla, Antonia

Katsouli & Sofia Kouroutzi, Greece

Who founded this business and when? This business was founded by my father. My father started it in 1956, selling products according to the needs of the time, such as stuffed vine leaves and spinach. What kind of products do you produce? “Palirria” is a large group of 3 production units, in China, Bulgaria and Greece. Each factory proI can’t give you a single recipe. From my experi- duces different products because it exploits the ence I can just say that you need to fall to rise , raw materials of each area. The main producthen go ahead and avoid stumbling again on tion consists of pulses, such as giant beans. your way. If you are persistent enough you will succeed in any filed you want. What is your key to success?

Thank you for your time and the interview!

Which countries do you get raw materials from?

The interview was carried out in December 2012 We try to source them from Greece, but it is not by Patrycja Fiłka as a part of a Comenius project always feasible. We try to find the best quality task. at the best prices. We get 60 % from Greece and 40% from foreign countries. 40


Which is the process of production?

Which areas of our country do you provide yoIt is like a huge kitchen where we use first mate- ur products to? rials from reliable factories, which are transpor- Wherever there are supermarkets, even in a ted to our own factories. There, they are coo- small shop, which can sell the tins. Our products ked, packaged and stored in order to be sold. can be found everywhere in Greece. We use mainly tins and plastic bowls or jars. In which countries except for Greece do you export your products? We export our products all over the world, Europe, America and even Australia. The countries, in which we export most of our products though, are Germany, France and Italy. In general, wherever there are Greek communities. How many people work in your business?

Has your company got branches in foreign countries? There are two more factories, in China and Bulgaria. All factories work with the materials they have got, taking advantage of the products of each region. Over 950 people are employed in our group. In Greece we have got 120 employees, in Bulgaria 620 and in China 210. How many hours do your employees work in your business? The working hours are the same with those in other countries. There are night shifts, provided that there is a huge request for the quantities of our products. These hours apply for the section of production: from 7.30am to 3.15pm. However, the office assistants must work from 8.30am to 5.30pm to facilitate the communication with our factories abroad, because of the different time zones.

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Is it easy for you to find free time, due to the big business, you are in charge of? First of all, I can not manage to handle such a big business alone and this is the secret of a successful business! I need to have the right collaborators in order to have progress! It is not so easy to have free time, but with the right organisation I can make it. I usually spend nine hours a day in my office and one in the section of production. To which extent is your business affected by financial crisis? Of course our business has been affected by the financial crisis, but not to a great extent because the goal of a business is to predict what will happen in the future. Luckily, our company had foreseen this crisis and that's why we tried to expand in foreign countries. For the sake of the production, there have been some layoffs.

Which thermal elaboration do the tins receive? There are two processes in our business, the pasteurization, which happens at a degree lower than 100o C and tries to conserve the pH firm so that the product can endure over time. The other process is the sterilization that happens at a degree higher than 100o C and tries to get away the bacteria. These procedures hold the least bacteria possible so that the production can be maintained.

Interview Spain

How do you start your professional career? I was working at the sea, in a fishing company and I started the company here because I didn't want to be any more time far from my family. Is it a family business? Yes, my brother and I started it together. Was the beginning in this world of Air Conditioning easy? To be honest, it was "easy" but we had to work very hard. Do you have people working with you? How many? What they do? Yes, we have 3 workers, an engineer who designs the installations, a fitter and a saleswoman. Dave you ever run any other company? Yes, I had another company before, an electro domestic company. Do you have more than one establishment? No, just one. Which has been the best period that you have ever had? Some years ago. During the year, when do you sell more? In the summer. What are your working hours? From 8 am to 2 pm and from 3 pm to 8'30 pm. Is it easy to be a boss? Sometimes it is and sometimes it’s not, because laying off workers is too difficult.

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LEPE BEFORE AND AFTER Rocío Domínguez & Julia Blanco, Spain

is based in the strawberry and orange cultivations and fishing too. The town hall has 21 councillors.

AGRICULTURE AND FISHING

INTRODUCTION Lepe is now considered almost a city. It’s located in the southwest of Spain. It has a surface area of 127.9 Sq.km. and it has a popuFishing: is practiced inshore. Also praclation of 28.000 people, of which over 5.000 are ticed offshore fishing in countries like Morocco, immigrants. Senegal, Mozambique, Angola and Mauritania.

Lepe has 7 primary schools and 2 high schools. Its main attractions are its 25 km of beaches Strawberries form 74% of irrigate farmwhere there are 7 attractive hotels. Its economy ing and oranges form 53% of woody crop. Strawberries exports are very important.

70 years ago… Economy was based on traditional agriculture and in the trawling. Trade was based mainly in the exportation of figs and almonds. 43


Polish teens like various clothes. Girls try to wear appropriately for the occasion. Boys do not care so much about appearance and even on special events wear casual clothes. However, young people often model on celebrities and keep up to date with the latest trends. On a normal day all students have to wear uniforms. They are navy blue sweatshirts (the same for boys and girls) with a round school emblem, which is sewn on the chest and orange T-shirts with the name of the school. The lower part of the uniform can consist of Fishing: draughts boat pit that were fish- anything ( jeans, skirts, and leggings). Our stuing near the coast (sardines and tuna) dents usually choose skinny jeans in different colours. From time to time ‘a colourful day’ is organized when everyone may go to school in normal clothes. It is always the last Friday of the month. At school celebrations elegant and simple clothes are required. Girls should wear white blouses and black or navy blue trousers or skirts to the knees. The shoes may be on low heels. Boys wear white shirts and ties and elegant black trousers. For these clothes cleaned shoes are a must. At school disco and for an evening out with friends teens wear loose and cool clothes. The most popular clothes among girls are jeans, skirts or dresses, T-shirts and jackets. Shoes can be low-heeled or high-heeled but above all, they must be comfortable. Girls pay attention to accessories which make them look stylish. Necklaces, earrings, bracelets are very popular among them. Sometimes they carry bags which contain the most necessary things. Boys, on the other hand, do not care so much about the appearance and usually wear jeans, checked shirts or plain T-shirts and sneakers. All in all, Polish teenagers dress comfortably and choose fashionable and trendy clothes which are also popular in other European countries. However, the clothes they wear highly depend on the weather conditions, individual style, occasions, and their school rules. Agata Cegiełka, Sylwia Bachor, Anna Karkoszka 44


Nea Artaki - Now and then Bourou Matoula, Milioti Athina, Pachi Mary & Pastira Eygenia

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KRASZEWICE IN THE PAST AND NOW Karol Golanowski & Wojciech Gierosz, Poland

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Water and Arts Bourou Matoula, Lamia Angie, Milioti Athina, Pachi Mary, Pastira Evgenia, Vogiatzogloy Lydia - Greece Water is one of the most basic substances on earth… Without it … No life… No world…

Water and Music Deep Purple - Smoke On The Wate Free - Fire & Water Dire Straits - Water Of Love Bob Dylan - Spirit On The Water Elton John - Madman Across The Water The Yardbirds - Drinking Muddy Water The Who - Water Simon & Garfunkel - Bridge Over Troubled Water The Standells - Dirty Water James Taylor - The Water Is Wide Yiruma - Kiss the rain Yiruma - River flows in you 48


Greedy Monsters Bairami Evi, Lamias Angie - Greece

Water and Poetry

Τρέχει, τρέχει, τρέχει το νερό τρέχει τρέχει τρέχει το νερό στο μύλο έπιασες καινούριο φίλο τρέχει, τρέχει, τρέχει το νερό τρέχει τρέχει τρέχει το νερό στ' αυλάκι σ' άλλον έδωσες φιλάκι. Παίζει με το ήλιο το νερό παίξαμε και μεις με τ' όνειρο κι όλα γίνονται βαριά στου καιρού τη ζυγαριά. Τρέχει, τρέχει, τρέχει το πουλί τρέχει τρέχει τρέχει το πουλί στα κλώνια σαν τα νιάτα, σαν τα χιόνια τρέχει, τρέχει, τρέχει το πουλί τρέχει τρέχει τρέχει το πουλί στα δέντρα ήσουν της καρδιάς μου αφέντρα Παίζει το πουλί να το χαρώ παίξαμε και μεις με τ' όνειρο κι όλα γίνονται βαριά στου καιρού τη ζυγαριά.

Have you ever imagined living without water and electricity for any length of time? Just visualise it… no TV, no PC, mobile phone, lights, fridge… Even showering and drinking water is out of the question.

However if the world continues consuming these finite resources at this pace, there will surely come a day, when we will run out of them. We measured power and water consumption at home regularly and we concluded, well, to this… 49


LIGHT AND WATER CONSUMPTION IN LEPE Sara Muriel Iglesias and Rocío Domínguez García, IES La Arboleda - Spain People don’t know about their consumption of light and water, we have done an investigation of this information about people of our class, the Comenius People. We have calculated the average of the consumption. Here you have

the results in graphs, and you won´t have problems to understand it. We are going to start with the light consump-

tion, you will see two graphs where you can check that the results change depending on the season. Light consumption increase in autumn-winter seasons because it is cold and we use a lot the 50


heating and it consumes more energy. In summer the consumption increase a little bit because the temperature are so hot and we use the Water increase in winter’s season because the air conditioning, but we don’t spend so much temperature are colder than the other months energy than in winter because we don’t spend and for example, we spend more time when we are having a shower, and we pass more time in home because of the weather. In summer decrease the consumption of water because, we spend less time having a shower. And we pass more time in the beach, so we spend less water because we are not in our houses. Finally, we have done an average of all the results, and we can see that, generally we spend much time at home, because the majority are in more amount of water than light. the beach because Lepe is near the coast. This can cause a problem with the environment because, water, is a nonrenewable and if we spend a lot of water we can end with this reso-

Here, we can see the consumption of water during the year 2012: urce, so we mustn’t waste the water. On the other hand, we can see the consumption of light, it’s less than the water, but we must be careful and don’t waste because it pollutes the environment.

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Technological advances have made electricity consumption is increasing. New technologies and appliances need energy to operate. At home: the light, computers, mobile phone char-

LIGHT AND WATER; BEFORE, NOW AND AFTER JULIA BLANCO PÉREZ, IES La Arboleda Spain Can you imagine not being able to watch TV or play video games or use the computer because there is not electricity in homes? Can you imagine having to walk miles to fetch water from a well because there is no water at home? Just a few years ago people could not imagine anything else.

gers, dishwashers, stoves, heaters, TVs, air conUntil 1903 no electricity came to the houses of ditioners, etc. Lepe. The first poAll the necessities of today’s society need light. wer station that Recent innovations that have increased light supplied energy to consumption at homes are air conditioners in the homes of Lepe summer, and in winter heaters and stoves. and its neighbours, Cartaya, stood at As for water, Spain is one of the few countries Barca’s Bridge, a in Europe that has the habit to take a shower bridge that is in the every day. This custom greatly increase water middle of the two consumption compared to other countries. villages. This electricity supply only Tap water reached to homes of Lepe in 1968. gave light to two or The water that supplies Lepe’s houses comes three lamps for houses, therefo-re most of them placed one lamp from Chanza dam and from Piedras River. above the door for street lighting and oil lamps

to illuminate the inside of the houses. 52


Water and light consumption will probably tages? continue increase, because of that they are se- Which advantages do the renewable energies arching saving measures. have against the non-renewable ones? What benefits do we get by saving electrical To save or not to save… energy? How important is your individual participation? That’s the question Why is necessary to save water? What are the main uses of water in our daily Ph Guadalupe Luna Sánchez, Ph Vicente life? Maroto Falconet, Ph Patricia Piñero Ro- What is your attitude about the energetic and dríguez, Ph Mª Ángeles Capela Torque- water consumption in your daily life?

mada, IES La Arboleda - Lepe, Spain MAIN CONCLUSIONS BRAINSTORMING ABOUT SAVING ENERGY

Most students considered that saving energy consisted in not wasting ( 41%).

In order to get information about the level of knowledge of our students with respect to the However, when they were asked about the reconcept of saving water and energy, several qu- levance of this saving they just mentioned the economic aspect, without taking into account estions were proposed. the environmental influence. Although most of them agreed on the negative effect of the use of some types of energy, they didn't have a clear idea about the different environmental impacts of traditional opposed to eco-friendly energy. In fact, when they were asked about the bad points of each type of energy, only 41% mentioned the lower level of incidence of green energy on pollution. The rest made reference to the high cost of alternative sources of energy. After being answered individually, the queWith respect to individual use, 100% of stustions were discussed. dents admited the relevance of having a pro saving attitude. However only 70% considered Survey on Saving Energy that they were saving as much as they could. What is the meaning of saving electrical energy? Why should we save electrical energy? What is the main disadvantage of the energetic consumption? Do all the energies present the same disadvan-

The rest, 30%, thought that they could improve their water and energy saving habits since they were aware of the relevance of this natural resource in our daily life.

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a) all my electrical appliances are energy-saving b) some of them c) none Test about the energetic and water consumpHow do you wash the dishes? tion b) hand wash or using the diDo you turn off the heaters of closed rooms or a) hand wash shwasher, depending on the amount of dishes those which are too hot? c) I use the dishwasher when it is full a) always b) nearly always c) sometimes How many energy-efficient light bulbs are used d) never at home? Do you usually switch off the lights of those roa) none b) some of them c) all are energyoms while nobody is there? efficient light bulbs a) always b) nearly always c) sometimes Do you use rechargeable batteries? d) never Do you use energy-efficient light bulbs at home a) yes b) no instead of the traditional ones? When you go working or to school, do you use a) always b) nearly always c) sometimes the public transport? d) never

a) always b) nearly always c) sometimes When you need to switch on the washing ma- d) never chine, do you have enough dirty clothes to fill it Do you usually leave the television set switched or do you switch it on half empty of clothes? on although you are not watching it? a) always d) never

b) nearly always

c) sometimes a) Yes

b) no

Once you have completed the questionnaire, In general, do you usually wash your clothes in do you think you could reduce more your enercold water? getic consumption? a) always b) nearly always c) sometimes never

d) a) yes

b) no

Do you switch off the computer screen when When you switch on the dishwasher, is it com- you are not using it? pletely full? a) No, because I use the energetic saving mode a) always b) nearly always c) sometimes b) Yes, always c) sometimes d) never Do you recycle paper? When you buy an electrical appliance, do you take into account the energetic label? a) No, never b) yes c) sometimes a) always b) nearly always never

c) sometimes d) Do you print double- faced documents?

a) No b) sometimes c) I have confiHave you got energy-saving electrical applian- gured the printer to print two-faced documents ces? 54


THE WATER Carolina Morales Coro & Estefania Costa Gonzalez, coordinated by Vicente Maroto Falconet & Juan Ignacio Perez Santiago, IES La Arboleda - Lepe, Spain

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The Light

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Water

WATER AND ENERGY CONSERVATION PROJECT

Water is where all life begins . We Paweł Żuberek & Jan Zabiegała, rely on it to grow Gimnazjum im. Polskich Olimpijczyków, our food, produce our goods and Kraszewice, Poland generate our energy. There is no ENERGY is all around you substitute for waLiving organisms need energy for growth and ter - every living movement. thing depends on it.

At present 780 million people lack access to clean water. By the year 2025 1.8 billion people will live in water scarcity. 58


Saving methods

Calculating and cutting down on the average energy use in a household. Electronic appliances come with energy labels to inform consumers about how much electricity they require. The cost to use that appliance can be determined from this label. In the example on this slide, the piece of electronics is rated at using 65 watts of electricity. If you used this appliance for one hour, it would use 65 watt-hours of electricity. Electricity is sold by kilowatt hour, so you would need to convert watts to kilowatts to determine the cost. If you used this appliance for two hours, it would use 130 watts of electricity (2 hours x 65 watts).

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LA ANTILLA BEACH

A Tour Around Europe

La Antilla beach near Lepe in Huelva is an urban golden sand beach that has a high occupancy and offers many services. Come and experience all of the fun in the Costa de la luz of Andalusia , Spain. It has between three

PORTUGAL OCEANARIO (LISBON) The Oceanarium is an aquarium, which is located in Lisbon, Portugal. It has a large variety of marine species (birds, mammals, fish and cnidaria. It´s the largest aquarium in Europe, counting 450 different species. The Lisbon Ocenarium is one of the few in the world to house a sunfish.

and four thousand year-round residents, but its population increases to about 70,000 in the summer. Frequented mainly by Spanish vacationers, it is known for its clean waters and peaceful atmosphere.

SPAIN GRUTAS DE MARAVILLAS

If you want to eat in the beach you have to go to a “chiringuito” a place very usual in the beach when you can eat typical food of the Coast of Huelva.

Grutas de las Maravillas (grotto of the Marvels= GREECE cave of wonders) is an extraordinary decorated cave. Huge halls and passages decorated with RED HOUSE (CHALKIDA) all the speleothem you expect: stalagmites, The Red House or else Kokkino Spiti Is a museum of sciences located in the harbour of Chalkida. There are lectures held there about important scientific issues.

stalactites and many more. 61


THE OLD BRIDGE OF CHALKIDA

GOĹ UCHOW CASTLE

The old bridge of Chalkida builds a connection between the island of Evoia and the mainland of Greece. The water of under the bridge changes direction every 6 hours.This phenomenon is unique in the world and is called the phenomenon of the Evripos (named after the Evripos channel).

It was bulit in the 16th century on the Trzemna River and is picturesquely surrounded by a landscape park with collections of trees and bushes shipped from every corner of the world. The castle was later restored and the entire property was rebuilt in the style of French Renaissance, patterned on the famous Loire valley castles. There is an exquisite collection of art works such as sculptures, artefacts of ancient cultures, and original red-figure Greek vases set up by Duchess Izabela Czartoryska – the last owner of the property. The sculpture-studded yard offers a spectacular view of the park.

POLAND

ANTONIN HUNTING PALACE This palace belonged to the family of Antoni Rdadziwill. It was erected on a Greek cross plan and its outside walls are covered with pine beams. There is a massive octagonal chimney supporting the ceiling , decorated with deer and moose heads. Antonin is famous for his love for arts. There are held piano concerts. Inside there are rooms displaying a cast of the Chopin's hand, his death-mask, a Buchholtz piano, portraits of Chopin and his bust. The great composer visited Antonin in the autumn 1829.

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Mag com part ii