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enchantment The Voice of New Mexico’s Rural Electric Cooperatives

. y r o t s i H . e c n e Experi . k r a P e t a t S d n u o h k c o R

March 2016










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enchantment March 1, 2016 • Vol. 68, No. 03 USPS 175-880 • ISSN 0046-1946 Circulation 123,723

enchantment (ISSN 0046-1946) is published monthly by the New Mexico Rural Electric Cooperative Association, 614 Don Gaspar Avenue, Santa Fe, NM 87505. enchantment provides reliable, helpful information on rural living and energy use to electric cooperative members and customers.



Nearly 124,000 families and businesses receive enchantment Magazine as electric cooperative members. Non-member subscriptions are available at $8 per year or $13 for two years, payable to NMRECA. Allow four to eight weeks for delivery. Periodical Postage paid at Santa Fe, NM 87501-9998 and additional mailing offices. CHANGE OF ADDRESS Postmaster: Send address changes to 614 Don Gaspar Avenue, Santa Fe, NM 87505-4428. Readers who receive the publication through their electric cooperative membership should report address changes to their local electric cooperative office. THE NEW MEXICO RURAL ELECTRIC COOPERATIVE ASSOCIATION provides legislative and educational services for the 18 cooperatives that deliver electric power to New Mexico’s rural areas and small communities. Each cooperative has a representative on the association’s board of directors, which controls the editorial content and advertising policy of enchantment through its Publications Committee. OFFICERS OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS Charles Pinson, President, Central Valley Electric Cooperative, Artesia George Biel, Vice President, Sierra Electric Cooperative, Elephant Butte Jerry Smith, Secretary-Treasurer, Kit Carson Electric Cooperative, Taos BOARD OF DIRECTORS Leandro Abeyta, Central New Mexico Electric Cooperative, Mountainair William C. Miller, Jr., Columbus Electric Cooperative, Deming Arsenio Salazar, Continental Divide Electric Cooperative, Grants Lance R. Adkins, Farmers’ Electric Cooperative, Clovis Harold Trujillo, Jemez Mountains Electric Cooperative, Española Robert Caudle, Lea County Electric Cooperative, Lovington Robert Baca, Mora-San Miguel Electric Cooperative, Mora Tomas G. Rivas, Northern Río Arriba Electric Cooperative, Chama Preston Stone, Otero County Electric Cooperative, Cloudcroft Jerry W. Partin, Roosevelt County Electric Cooperative, Portales Joseph Herrera, Socorro Electric Cooperative, Socorro Gary Rinker, Southwestern Electric Cooperative, Clayton Tim Morrow, Springer Electric Cooperative, Springer Wayne Connell, Tri-State G&T Association, Westminster, Colorado Charles G. Wagner, Western Farmers Electric Cooperative, Oklahoma NATIONAL DIRECTOR David Spradlin, Springer Electric Cooperative, Springer MEMBERS OF THE PUBLICATIONS COMMITTEE William C. Miller, Jr., Chairman, Columbus Electric Cooperative Lance R. Adkins, Farmers’ Electric Cooperative Harold Trujillo, Jemez Mountains Electric Cooperative Robert Baca, Mora-San Miguel Electric Cooperative Joseph Herrera, Socorro Electric Cooperative





How the Vast Electric Grid Got Ready for the Digital Age


Experience. History. Rockhound State Park


Aspects that are changing the utility industry.

A rockhound's paradise in Luna County.

Residential Lighting Goes Hi-tech


NEW MEXICO RURAL ELECTRIC COOPERATIVE ASSOCIATION 614 Don Gaspar Avenue Phone: 505-982-4671 Santa Fe, NM 87505 Fax: 505-982-0153

The True Cost of Home Ownership


Keven J. Groenewold, Executive Vice President, Susan M. Espinoza, Editor, Tom Condit, Assistant Editor,

How to Choose Efficient Appliances

DISPLAY ADVERTISING Rates available upon request. Cooperative members and New Mexico advertisers, call Trish Padilla at 505-982-4671 or e-mail at National representative: National Country Market, 1-800-626-1181. Advertisements in enchantment are paid solicitations and are not endorsed by the publisher or the electric cooperatives of New Mexico. PRODUCT SATISFACTION AND DELIVERY RESPONSIBILITY LIE SOLELY WITH THE ADVERTISER. Copyright ©2016, New Mexico Rural Electric Cooperative Association, Inc. Reproduction prohibited without written permission of the publisher.

LEDs offer features beyond energy efficiency.

Buying a home? Consider these costs in your payment. Options to consider when buying another appliance.


On the Cover: Rockhound State

Park Visitor Center with Florida Mountains in background. Photo by Ellen Rippel.

Co-op Newswire


View from enchantment 5 Hale To The Stars


Enchanted Journeys


On The Menu


Energy Sense


Book Chat


Vecinos 20 Backyard Trails


Trading Post


Youth Art


Your Co-op Page


MARCH 2016


Co-op Newswire NRECA Celebrates President Signing Electrify Africa Act into Law


resident Obama signed into law S. 2152 the Electrify Africa Act on February 9, 2016, with strong praise from the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (NRECA) and America’s electric cooperatives. Three years after the bill was first introduced, this law will now bring electricity to 50 million people in Sub-Saharan Africa, and lift rural communities from impoverished conditions to improved economic activity and a higher quality of life. The presidential signature came after passage of the Act in the U.S. House of Representatives in early February. This followed the Senate’s unanimous passing of the legislation in December. “We are celebrating this achievement with all our members, because our domestic and international work has always focused on power distribution, and making it possible for people to have direct access to electricity,” said NRECA Interim CEO Jeffrey Connor. “This new law makes it possible to have a significant impact

on the lives of millions, and we are proud to be part of this worthwhile effort to bring power to Sub-Saharan Africa. We applaud and thank the bipartisan leadership of Senate Foreign Relations Committee Chairman Sen. Bob Corker (R-Tenn.), Ranking Member Sen. Ben Cardin (D-M.D.), House Foreign Affairs Committee Chairman Ed Royce (R-Calif.) and Ranking Member Rep. Eliot Engel (D-N.Y.), who all believe that promoting economic development by expanding access to electricity will benefit people on both sides of the Atlantic.” NRECA’s international affiliate—NRECA International—has worked in developing countries since 1962. Its global commitment has provided electricity to more than 110 million people in 43 countries. The National Rural Electric Cooperative Association is the national service organization that represents more than 900 private, not-for-profit, consumer-owned electric cooperatives in the United States. Those co-ops provide service to 42 million people in 47 states.

Lights Out? Could be the Squirrels! Did you know there were about 137 squirrel caused power outages nationwide in 2015? That is the number according to Cyber Squirrel 1, a website at that lists all “unclassified Cyber Squirrel Operations that were released to the public.” The slightly tongue-incheek report notes there are probably many more squirrel attacks that “remain classified.”


MARCH 2016

Request: Please Send Us Your Photo Send us a photo of you, family members or friends reading the enchantment. Your photo will be published in the magazine! E-mail by the 9th of every month to

And, while the website is a fun way to look at outages, it is also a reminder of how hard it is to keep your lights on. No matter how many times the local electric co-op patrols its lines and updates equipment, there are a variety of forces working against it, including wildlife. Besides the 137 reported outages caused by squirrels, there were 214 caused by birds, 53 by

raccoons, one by a mylar balloon, and some caused by snakes, slugs and other animals. Unclassified Power Outages: January 2016 Squirrels: 12 • Birds: 4 Gophers: 1 • Raccoons: 1 States: 14 • Countries: 2 Impacting: 45,083 plus people For: 18 plus hours

Be a Part of Your Electric Co-op Annual Meeting Annual meetings are a chance to visit with members of your co-op community, a great opportunity to learn about programs offered by your co-op, and a chance to meet your coop's staff. Annual meeting makes it possible for co-op's to gather feedback from you by providing a forum where you can let them know how they can better serve you and your family. This is an occasion to discuss and learn more about the issues affecting your local communities. It’s also an opportunity for you to exercise one of the greatest benefits of being a member of an electric co-op, by voting for the upcoming year’s board of trustees. Central Valley Electric in Artesia begin the annual meeting season in February. Fifteen more co-op's will have their annual meetings throughout the year. Contact your co-op to find out when your annual meeting is scheduled.

How to Contact enchantment Phone 505-982-4671 E-mail Facebook Mail 614 Don Gaspar Avenue Santa Fe, NM 87505 Community Events

View from enchantment

The Stay on the Clean Power Plan

The extra time given by the Supreme Court to sort out legal boundaries before deciding the regulatory scheme is very helpful.


he United States Supreme Court took an unprecedented action on February 9. The court, on a 5-4 decision, decided to temporarily block the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) Clean Power Plan (CPP). This means EPA can’t enforce the rule until the federal courts decide if the rule is legal. The Clean Power Plan—issued last summer by the EPA—require states to make significant cuts to greenhouse gas emissions from electric power plants. Twenty-seven states have challenged the rule, including the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (NRECA) and 39 member co-ops, along with dozens of corporations and industry groups. The case is scheduled to be heard in a federal appeals court this summer. NRECA Interim CEO, Jeffrey Connor said, “Charging ahead with implementation of the Clean Power Plan would have caused immediate and irreparable harm to America’s electric co-ops. Had the stay not been granted, co-ops would have been forced to take costly and irreversible steps to comply with the rule, which is a huge overreach of EPA’s legal authority.” The Supreme Court stay means the CPP has no legal effect while the courts are reviewing the rule to determine whether it is lawful. During this

time, EPA cannot enforce any of the deadlines or requirements contained in the rule. The court will almost certainly hear the case eventually—regardless of an appeals court’s expected ruling this summer. The losing side will undoubtedly appeal the decision to the nation’s highest court. Typically, the court gives deference to executive agencies on decisions of a regulatory nature. However, this decision may have telegraphed the high court’s concern with the CPP. The Supreme Court sent a strong signal that five justices have serious questions about the legality of the rule. In spite of the brave face in public comments from representatives of the Obama administration, EPA, and environmental groups, this ruling is a severe blow to the rule. This whole issue became even more complex four days after the ruling with the sudden death of Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia. Justice Scalia was considered one of the court’s more conservative members and part of the majority in the February 9 decision. The ultimate CPP decision may rest with whoever replaces Justice Scalia. The court may yet vote to uphold the plan. Even if it doesn’t, supporters of the regulations point out that California and a handful of other states are going beyond federal recommen-

Keven J. Groenewold. P.E. Executive Vice President New Mexico Rural Electric Cooperative Association

dations in reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Here in New Mexico, steps have been taken with a future CPP in mind. Five coal-fired power plants have been shuttered or will be in the next couple of years. The state has renewable portfolio standards and energy efficiency standards. Greenhouse gas emissions from the electricity sector last year were the lowest since 1995, with coal accounting for only 34 percent of U.S. electricity—versus 50 percent in 2005. Last year, also saw major new renewable energy installations, which came with no significant change in either electricity consumption or electricity cost. And electricity from renewable sources is expected to grow another 9.5 percent in 2016, according to a recent report from the U.S. Energy Information Administration. For the electric co-ops here in New Mexico, it is time to take a deep breath and figure out what this all means. The extra time given by the Supreme Court to sort out legal boundaries before deciding the regulatory scheme is very helpful. But whatever plan we ultimately come up with—it will be the most reliable and affordable solution out there.

MARCH 2016


Enchanted Journeys

Hale to the stars BY ALAN HALE


he mighty planet Jupiter dominates the nighttime skies during March. It is at “opposition,” for example, directly opposite the sun in the sky as seen from Earth, on Monday evening/Tuesday morning, March 7-8. At which time it rises around sunset, is highest above the horizon at midnight, and sets around sunrise. It remains easily visible all month. Binoculars will reveal the four large “Galilean” moons, and even a small backyard telescope will reveal some of the colored cloud bands in Jupiter’s atmosphere as well as the “Great Red Spot,” a long-lasting storm. At the beginning of March, Mars rises around midnight, and Saturn rises about an hour later, although by late in the month the difference in rise times shortens to about half an hour. Both planets are located near the “head” of the prominent constellation Scorpius, and in fact Mars passes right through the “head” at mid-month. After being a brilliant luminary in our morning sky for the past few months, Venus will disappear into the morning twilight. It is visible low in the east during dawn as March begins, but disappears in the bright sky by month’s end. After spending the next few months passing on the opposite side of the sun as seen from Earth, Venus begins emerging into our evening sky around September. There are two eclipses although neither is of much interest to our


MARCH 2016

A Comet Catalina, which earlier this year was a bright binocular comet and dimly visible to the unaided eye, on the morning of January 17, 2016. Photograph by Alan Hale.

part of the world. On Wednesday, the 9th, a total solar eclipse crosses parts of Indonesia and the central Pacific Ocean; Hawaii will experience a deep partial eclipse late the previous afternoon. On Wednesday morning, the 23rd, the moon passes through the thin, outer part of the Earth’s shadow— the “penumbra”—and just before dawn careful sky-watchers may notice the moon’s southern regions are a bit darker and hazier than usual. On Monday, March 21, a tiny comet passes only 3.3 million miles from Earth—one of the closest approaches of a comet to Earth in all of recorded history. The comet was discovered 16 years ago by the LINEAR program based at White Sands Missile Range and returns every 51⁄3 years. It is so tiny, even when closest to Earth, a moderate-size backyard telescope will be necessary to view it. The comet will be visible only from the southern hemisphere at the time of its closest approach, but should be detectable from New Mexico about a week-and-ahalf before then, and again several days afterwards.

March 4-6 • Clovis Kennel Club Dog Agility Trials Curry County Event Center 575-935-7000 March 5 • Rodeo Dr. Eduardo Minozzi Costa Concert Guitarist, Rodeo Tavern 575-557-2225

March 18-19 • Portales 21st Annual New Mexico Ag Expo Fairgrounds 800-635-8036

March 12 • Columbus 13th Annual Camp Furlong Day Pancho Villa State Park 575-531-2711

March 19 • Grants 9th Annual Easter Egg Hunt Downtown Grants 505-287-4802

March 12 • Portal, AZ St. Patrick’s Day Parade Downtown 520-558-3133

March 19-20 • Ruidoso Home and Garden Show Ruidoso Convention Center 575-808-0655

March 12 • Rodeo Arizona Banjo Blasters Rodeo Community Center 520-558-3266

March 24-27 • Floyd Lions Club Country Jamboree Floyd High School 575-760-1317

March 12 • Sipapu 13th Annual Cardboard Derby Sipapu Ski Resort 505-414-1550

March 25-26 • Artesia Main Event Car Show & Cruise Heritage Plaza 575-746-9477

March 12 • Socorro St. Patrick’s Blues Festival Sedillo Park 575-835-8927

March 26 • Cloudcroft Kiwanis Easter Egg Hunt Zenith Park 575-682-2733

March 12 • Columbus • 17th Cabalgata Binacional Broadway Village Plaza • 575-343-0147 On March 12, members of Camp Furlong will be dressed for the part and ready to ride alongside the U.S. Mexico Binational Horse Cavalry also known as the Cabalgata Binacional. This is the 17th consecutive year the group commemorates the memories of both the 18 Americans and the 80-200 Mexicans who were killed in the Raid on Columbus a 100 years ago.

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MARCH 2016 2/15/16


2:02 PM


Sunday Dinners

The expression “Sunday dinner” is surely among the sweetest two words in the English language. They conjure a time, perhaps remembered childhood days at Grandma’s, of a home where family gathered to dine in leisure to enjoy good food and company. The meals served were special, not complicated, but required the extra time and attention befitting a special gathering. They tasted like home. Here are a few old-fashioned Sunday dinner recipes that will warm hearts and satisfy your near and dear ones. And while these meals are cooking, they will make the whole house smell delicious.

Hearty Pot Roast 1 (3-4) pound boneless chuck roast 3 Tbs. olive or canola oil ½ tsp. black pepper 1 Tb. paprika ½ tsp. thyme 1 tsp. garlic powder ½ cup flour 1 large onion, sliced 1 (8-ounce) can tomato sauce 1 (8-ounce) can hot water 1 bay leaf 2 Tbs. Worcestershire sauce 2 Tbs. soy sauce ½ bunch fresh parsley, chopped (optional) ❧ Preheat oven to 3250 F. Heat oil in a heavy roasting pan, such as an Magnalite roaster. Do not use cast iron unless it is enameled cast iron. Rinse meat and pat dry. Sprinkle with spices. Dust with flour. Pat flour and spices into meat. Over a low flame, brown meat about 5 minutes on each side. Remove meat to platter. Scrape up bits of browned flour. Add onion and sauté until soft, about five minutes, stirring. Turn off flame. Place meat on top of onion. Add tomato sauce and water, bay leaf, Worcestershire sauce, soy sauce, and parsley. Mix. Cover pan. Bake one hour and turn meat over. Bake another


MARCH 2016

hour and test for doneness. Continue cooking until meat is fork tender. Serves 4 to 6.

Lemon Roast Chicken 1 (4 to 5 pound) whole chicken 1 Tb. paprika 1 tsp. garlic powder ½ tsp. black pepper 1 onion, chopped ½ pound carrots, chopped 2 lemons, one peeled, one halved ½ onion sliced 3 Tbs. butter

❧ Preheat oven to 3250 F. Rinse bird and pat dry. Sprinkle with spices, including cavity. Spray a large sheet of aluminum foil with cooking spray. Make a bed of chopped onions

and carrots. Place chicken on top of vegetables. Insert pieces of lemon peel all over the chicken. Place sliced onion and ½ whole lemon in cavity. Dab butter bits all over the bird. Wrap chicken well in aluminum foil. Place in roaster, cover and place in oven. Roast for 2½ to 3 hours, until juices run clear. During last half hour of cooking, peel back foil to allow the bird to brown. Serves 4-6.

Honey-Orange Roast Chicken 1 (4 to 5 pound) whole chicken 1 Tb. paprika 1 tsp. garlic powder ½ tsp. black pepper ¼ cup olive or canola oil ¼ cup honey ½ cup orange juice 1⁄8 cup soy sauce ❧ Preheat oven to 3250 F. Mix spices and oil. Rub the bird well with the oil mixture. Spray a large sheet of aluminum foil with cooking spray. Place chicken on foil. Mix honey, orange juice and soy sauce. Pour over bird. Wrap chicken well in aluminum foil. Roast for 2½ to 3 hours. Peel back foil during last half-hour of cooking and baste well. Bird will be a beautiful golden brown. Serves 4-6.

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And there’s more! The overstuffed, oversized biscuit style back and unique seat design will cradle you in comfort. Generously filled, wide armrests provide enhanced arm support when sitting or reclining. The high and low heat settings along with the dozens of massage settings, can provide a soothing relaxation you might get at a spa – just imagine getting all that in a lift chair! Shipping charge includes white glove delivery. Professionals will deliver the chair to the exact spot in your home where you want it, unpack it, inspect it, test it, position it, and even carry the packaging away! Includes one year service warranty and your choice of fabrics and colors. If you’re not 100% satisfied simply return the chair within 30 days for a refund of the product purchase price. – Call now!

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MARCH 2016


Energy Sense BY PATRICK KEEGAN Ensuring High Quality Energy Efficiency Work


ear Pat: I want to make my home more energy efficient, but some of the work needed is more than I can do by myself. When I’m hiring contractors to do these projects, how can I be sure the work is of good quality? —Jerry C. Dear Jerry: The good news is there are many contractors performing high-quality energy efficiency work. You’re smart to first figure out what you can do to ensure your contractors deliver the kind of quality you’re paying for. The best quality assurance solution for most homeowners is to start with a home energy audit by a qualified and experienced energy auditor. Ask the auditor to specify the products and the quality standards for each recommended efficiency measure. The auditor can also help you by agreeing to inspect the finished work. Using an auditor throughout your home energy upgrade will cost several hundred dollars, but it can pay off in a number of ways: you will know what work is truly needed, and you can prevent poor quality or incomplete work. Your electric co-op may offer a free or discounted audit by one of its energy advisors, or it may have a


MARCH 2016

list of trusted energy auditors in the area. In some areas, there are home performance contractors experienced in whole home energy efficiency upgrades who can perform the energy audit themselves and then complete the work. Once you have a clear idea and a description of the work that needs to be done, you’ll need to identify contractors. Some co-ops offer financial incentives and know of contractors who have experience or training with energy efficiency. The energy auditor can help you with questions to ask potential contractors: • Is the contractor licensed and insured in your state? Does he or she have any additional training? For example, the Building Performance Institute (BPI) certifies training in whole home energy efficiency improvements. • For heating and cooling projects, how will the contractor decide what size equipment is needed in your home? Will the contractor inspect duct work and insulation throughout the home? • For insulation and weatherization upgrades, what is your

Your co-op’s energy advisor can help inspect completed work. Photo Credit: Piedmont Electric Membership Corporation.

insulation level now? What should it be? Will the contractor find and seal any air leaks before installing the insulation? • For all projects, who will actually be at your home doing the work—the person you are talking to? An installer employed by the same company? Or a sub-contractor? Make sure to do plenty of research before fully engaging a contractor: • Don’t take the first offer: Try to get at least two bids. The lowest quote might not necessarily be the best: Sometimes it’s hard to compare bids unless they are itemized correctly. If one quote is significantly lower than others, inquire closely about the reasons for the difference. • Check the contractor’s work: Ask for and check references, read online reviews and ask your local experts about any experience they have with the contractor. Once you have chosen a contractor, make sure you and the contractor agree on the written description of the work to be performed, the expected timeframe for comple-

tion and the price. If the contractor insists on providing an estimate rather than a firm bid, you should discuss what might cause the final bill to be higher than quoted. Some common areas of tension between contractors and their customers are also worth discussing: • How often and when will the contractor communicate with you about the status of the project? • How clean does the work area need to be at the end of each day? • What is the daily work schedule? It’s best not to pay the contractor until work is completed and inspected. You and the energy auditor should both inspect the work. Your co-op’s energy advisor may also be able to inspect or give you advice for what to look for. For example, is the window flashing installed correctly? Finally, if you have a good experience with a contractor, pass the information along to friends and neighbors, or write a helpful review—a good home contractor can be hard to find!

Are you in love with your home... but hate your stairs? Easy Climber® is the safe, dependable and affordable way for millions to stay safe, stay independent and stay in their home. Surveys have shown that more and more people want to live as long as possible in the home where they’ve raised their children. The key to this new American Dream is to maintain independence and to live safely and securely. For millions of these people, there is a barrier to the life they love… the staircase. As people age, they become less able to climb stairs safely. Going up stairs is a strain on the heart and joints and going down can be even more dangerous. Many of them are forced to spend the day in their bedroom or their night on the couch. Either way, half of their home is off limits. Whether you’re concerned about a dangerous fall from the stairs or simply need a little extra help getting up and down, Easy Climber® gives you access to your entire home again... safely and affordably.

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MARCH 2016


Quality and Simplicity




Outlet Overload Every year, U.S. fire departments respond to an estimated 25,900 home electrical fires. These fires cause an estimated 280 deaths, 1,125 injuries and $1.1 billion in property loss. Thirty-nine percent of home electrical fires involve outlets and receptacles, and other electrical wiring. To ensure safety, you should only use about 80 percent of the available current for each electrical outlet in your home.

ALL OF OUR LINES ARE CUSTOMER SERVICE LINES. Some deliver electricity. Others deliver information. All must deliver on the Touchstone Energy Cooperatives mission: to provide you with service that’s just as dependable as the energy you count on us for every day. Learn more about your locally owned and operated Touchstone Energy cooperative at


Are You Overloading Outlets? Use this formula to find out: Wattage/Volts = AMPS Example: Let's say you are using

New Mexico’s Touchstone Energy Cooperatives


2,000 watts of power (for one outlet). Divide the watts by the volts in your home (typically 120), and you come up with 16.6 amps of current being used. With a 20 amp electrical outlet, you are using about 80 percent of the available current. Source: U.S. Fire Administration, Home & Garden


MARCH 2016

How the Vast Electric Grid Got Ready for the Digital Age BY PAUL WESSLUND


he 211,000 miles of high-voltage transmission lines—that are part of the network that brings electricity pretty much wherever and whenever you want it—are going through a massive makeover to keep up with equally profound changes in the world of energy, environmental rules and digital technology. Annual spending to modernize the transmission system in the U.S. quintupled from 1997 to 2012. The financing structure for that increase of more than $11 billion has changed from one where electric utilities were in charge to one involving a variety of entrepreneurs. Reliability and security concerns have reshaped the grid’s regulatory and operational structure; and renewable energy, environmental requirements and new technology are changing many aspects of the industry. Here are a few facts about the intricate electric grid: › The science of electricity is that it must be used at the same time it’s created, requiring mind-boggling coordination between power plants that might be hundreds of miles from where you decide to turn on your TV. › According to the U.S. Department of Energy, in addition to transmission lines, the electric grid is made up of 6.3 million miles of smaller distribution lines and more than 6,000 power plants. › That network delivers electricity to 159 million homes, businesses and industrial plants. Traditionally, the utilities that generated electricity and delivered it to homes and businesses also built the transmission lines that carried it from power plants to distribution wires. But a series of court cases and new rules allowed entrepreneurs to build, finance and make money off those highcost projects. Two other long-term developments intersected with this reshaped landscape of electric transmission ownership. In 2003, a tree branch fell on a power line in a Cleveland suburb, triggering a series of shutdowns that swept through Canada to New England and New York City, cutting power to 50 million people. That event accelerated a regulatory process that by 2007 established mandatory reliability standards enforced by the North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC), a not-for-profit corporation funded through assessments of the utilities and others that are part of the electricity system. Those standards cover everything from regional planning and coordination to tree trimming. The second development was a change in what was being expected of the grid. Instead of transmission lines carrying electricity from power plants to distribution lines, rising demand for electricity and the regional plan-

50 YEARS OF IMPROVEMENTS TO THE RELIABILITY OF THE ELECTRIC GRID The complex network of power plants and transmission lines that brings us electricity has been evolving in the way it is organized and the way it is financed. The continuing “evolution” of the grid makes electricity more reliable.

1965 Power blackout leaves 30 million people without electricity for 13 hours around New York City and Toronto, Canada.

1968 National Electric Reliability Council established along with voluntary planning guidelines.

1977 Power blackout leaves New York City without power for nearly 24 hours.

1981 NERC changes name to North American Electric Reliability Council, partners with Canada.

1992 NERC recommends its standards be mandatory. 1995 Recommendations made to allow non-utility merchant companies to be part of building and supplying electricity generation and transmission. Investment in modernizing the high-voltage transmission system reverses a 30-year decline, increasing from $2.7 billion in 1997 to $14.1 billion in 2012.

2003 Power blackout leaves 50 million people without power for several hours in Canada and northeast United States.

2007 NERC changes name to North American Electric Reliability Corporation, its standards become mandatory.

Source: NERC

ning rules had electricity being routed around the nation in new ways. The grid also had to start accommodating a larger number of dispersed power plants that ran on natural gas, which offered more flexibility than coal in operating response, ease of construction and meeting environmental rules. Increases in solar and wind power meant more transmission lines to carry electricity from the windy prairies and sunny deserts to the places where people live and use electricity. Smart grid technology and distributed energy also added two-way flows of both electricity and digital information as customers with smaller solar and wind generators became interested in selling their electricity back to the utility. Utility experts warned that the grid was not built for these new uses and desperately needed upgrades to accommodate increasing numbers of intermittent resources. With reliability rules in place and options for non-utility financing, transmission construction started to take off. The U.S. Energy Information Administration reports that spending on new electricity transmission by major investors and privately-owned companies increased from $2.7 billion in 1997 to $14.1 billion in 2012. Paul Wesslund writes on cooperative issues for the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association.

MARCH 2016


Experience. History. Rockhound State Park. BY ELLEN RIPPEL

What makes Luna County so appealing?

nounced Flor-ee-da) Mountains, the park is 14 miles southeast of Deming, county seat of Luna County. The original 249 acres for the park was gifted by the Deming Ranchettes, a land development corporation, to the state in 1964 and the park was dedicated two years later. Since 1966, more land has been added so that the area maintained by Rockhound State Park is now 905 acres and includes Spring Canyon, a picturesque region three ome people believe it may be the pleasant year-round miles to the south. weather, turquoise skies, and spectacular sunrises and sunRobert V. Apodaca has been the manager of Rockhound State sets over dormant volcanoes. Others say the enjoyment Park and Spring Canyon since 2008. He lives onsite and oversees comes from hiking the high-desert terrain and expanse of all park activities. Apodaca is quick to point out, however, that rugged mountains, looking for exposed rocks and minerals lying he relies on the Friends of Rockhound (FOR), a non-profit volon the surface. Still others insist it’s the influence of the rockunteer organization, for assistance with the many park activities. collector culture that’s evolved in that locale over a half-century. “Without the help of our volunteers, the parks wouldn’t operate,” All agree that Luna County is a rockhound’s paradise. Apodaca says. “FOR offers so much passion and support. All the Located on the U.S.-Mexico border in the southwest corner of money raised by them stays in the park.” Activities sponsored by New Mexico, the region boasts a state park founded on the con- Friends of Rockhound include star parties, spring and fall native cept of rock hunting and collecting, an impressive annual rock plant sales, Music in the Park, the Mariachi Festival and Ballet and mineral show, several rock shops, and a significant number Folklorico, and Holiday Lights, a favorite annual event featuring of local residents engaged in various rock-related activities. over 1,000 luminarias lighting the park area. Rockhound State Park celebrates it’s 50th anniversary this Rockhound State Park contains a large amount of gemstonequality jasper. Visitors can also see agate, quartz crystals, perlite, year. Situated on the western slopes of the Little Florida (pro-



MARCH 2016

thundereggs, geodes, rhyolite, fluorspar, and manganese lying on the surface. Park guests have a unique treat: they may take one rock sample as a souvenir. Only two parks in the United States allow “collecting” (taking away samples) on park property: Rockhound State Park and Crater of Diamonds State Park in Arkansas. Apodaca says the best “collecting sites are near washes and ravines. We encourage our visitors to carry away a small rock they can hold in their hand.” Five years ago Rockhound State Park was at the center of a controversy involving an unofficial policy of allowing park visitors to collect up to 15 pounds of rocks. The New Mexico Legislature was called upon to seek a solution since state law indicated the removal of “any natural object” from the premises of a state park was a petty misdemeanor. The public rallied, signing petitions, and eventually the legislature reached a compromise with the Cooperative provides the electric power to the park. Chris rockhounders. The law was modified and the permitted amount at Martinez, executive vice president and general manager of the Rockhound was clarified. co-op says, “For people who love rocks and rockhounding, Rockhound State Park is definitely the place to be.” Deming adds to the enjoyment of rockhounds by hosting the annual rock and mineral show on the second weekend of March. Sponsored by the Deming Gem and Mineral Society (DGMS), Rockhound Roundup is held on several acres of the Southwestern New Mexico State Fair Grounds. Free admission, free parking, over 100 indoor and outdoor vendors, and near-perfect weather, make it easy to understand why thousands attend the four-day show. One of the more popular areas at the Roundup is the geodecutting booth. Geodes are volcanic, typically spherical hollow rocks, and many contain multi-colored crystals in the core. There’s a genuine sense of treasure-hunting involved in trying to choose the “right” geode (on the outside they’re bumpy and drab) from a box of 40 or 50, and then watching it be cut open, perhaps exposing dazzling material formed millions of years earlier by volcanic activity in the Deming area. Photos, opposite page: Rockhound State Park with Little Floridas in the background. “Every year the Roundup also brings a lot of people out here This page, left to right: Robert V. Apodaca, manager, Rockhound State Park. Some of the to Rockhound State Park,” says Apodaca. “We try to coordiindoor vendors at the Rockhound Roundup in 2015. Photos by Ellen Rippel. nate some special activities with the Deming Gem and Mineral Society during Rockhound Roundup time.” This year’s Roundup Rockhound State Park and the surrounding region are a is scheduled for March 10-13. favorite not only of rock enthusiasts, but of campers, hikers, It’s easy to see why people think Luna County is a rockphotographers, and naturalists. Numerous indigenous species of hound’s paradise. wildlife live there, and in the 1970s a small herd of Persian ibex from Iran was introduced to the Florida Mountains, five miles • Rockhound State Park south of the park. The herd has flourished, and a lucky park visi tor may spot an ibex in the park’s Little Floridas as well. l a n rockhoundstatepark.html o i Open year-round, Rockhound State Park features a modern For addiat tion: • Deming Gem and Mineral Society visitor center that houses offices, an information desk, accesinform sible restrooms, a gift shop, and educational displays. Other • Friends of Rockhound park facilities include gardens, a playground, campsites with electricity and bathrooms with showers. The Columbus Electric

MARCH 2016


Residential Lighting Goes High-tech BY BRIAN SLOBODA


ntil recently, homes were lit with a single technology—incandescent lamps. This is the bulb that generations of Americans learned by, lived by—and even ate by. But those days are long gone. Over the past 20 years, electric co-ops have promoted efficient lighting by adding CFLs to the mix. In 2012, about 30 percent of U.S. residential sockets were filled with CFLs, with incandescents making up the remaining 70 percent. Today, LED bulbs and fixtures are increasingly preferred in many residential and commercial applications for their efficiency, quality of light and compatibility with automatic controls. Changes to federal lighting standards went into effect for incandescent bulbs in 2007, when Congress passed and President George W. Bush signed the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA), which included provisions to reduce the energy use of everyday light bulbs. At the same time, through industry efforts and government investment, LEDs dramatically improved in performance and dropped in price, making them appealing options for many applications. In the first quarter of 2015, traditional incandescents accounted for just nine percent of the market share in household lighting. EISA-compliant halogen incandescent replacements made up more than 44 percent of the market, with CFLs at 40 percent. And although the percentage of LED sales has increased dramatically over the last year, they made up just over 6 percent of the market share in the first quarter of 2015. LEDs offer features beyond energy efficiency. Some LEDs are part of a system that allows the user to turn off lamps—or even change


MARCH 2016

their color—via a smartphone app. This makes the LED lamp more of a consumer electronic than just a light bulb. LEDs are essentially computer chips, so they are more difficult to produce than incandescent bulbs. This is one product where cheaper versions often produce a life span and color that is not what the consumer wants. Higher quality LEDs from reputable brands—such as GE, Philips, Cree and Sylvania to name a few—have tested well. However, some fixtures inside the home do not work well with LEDs. Consumers with older dimmer switches often find that they must purchase newer switches to work with the LEDs. Consumers should pick LED lamps that come with a solid warranty in case there is a problem with quality. What’s next? While LEDs are still on the cusp of becoming our everyday lighting, there are other technologies in development. Organic Light Emitting Diodes (OLEDs) are similar to LEDs in that they are solid-state devices that produce light when current passes through them. But unlike LEDs, they are made up of multiple, organic semi-conductive layers that produce diffused light. OLEDs are extremely thin and flexible, which has enabled them to be effectively used in displays, like mobile phone screens and TVs. Manufacturers are developing OLED lighting as well—primarily for decorative architectural panels at this point, although some OLED lamps are available today. It appears that the age of the LED has begun. They are shatter resistant and have a long life. And yes, some even come with their own app. Brian Sloboda is a program manager specializing in energy efficiency for the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association. Laura Moorefield, who also contributed to this article, consults for utilities, state and federal governments, and non-profits on energy efficiency, renewables, and program design.

Not getting the sleep you need?

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On its 10 year anniversary and with over five million satisfied customers, MyPillow® has been selected the Official Pillow of the National Sleep Foundation! How Well Did You Sleep Last Night? Did you toss and turn all night? Did you wake up with a sore neck, head ache, or was your arm asleep? Do you feel like you need a nap even though you slept for eight hours? Just like you, I would wake up in the morning with all of those problems and I couldn’t figure out why. Like many people who have trouble getting a good night’s sleep, my lack of sleep was affecting the quality of my life. I wanted to do something about my sleep problems, but nothing that I tried worked.

Mike Lindell Inventor of MyPillow®

The Pillow Was the Problem I bought every pillow on the market that promised to give me a better night’s sleep. No matter how many pillows I used, I couldn’t find one that worked and finally I decided to invent one myself. I began asking everyone I knew what qualities they’d like to see in their “perfect pillow”, and got many responses: “I’d like a pillow that never goes flat”, “I’d like my pillow to stay cool” and “I’d like a pillow that adjusts to me regardless of my sleep position.” After hearing everyone had the same problems that I did, I spent the next two years of my life inventing MyPillow.

MyPillow® to the Rescue Flash forward ten years and MyPillow, Mike Lindell’s revolutionary pillow design, has helped 5 million people improve the quality of their sleep. MyPillow has received thousands of testimonials about the relief MyPillow has brought to people who suffered from migraines, snoring, fibromyalgia, neck pain and many other common issues. Lindell has been featured on numerous talk shows, including Fox Business News and Imus in the Morning. Lindell and MyPillow have also appeared in feature stories in The New York Times and the Minneapolis Star Tribune. MyPillow has received the coveted “Q Star Award” for Product Concept of the Year from QVC, and has been selected as the Official Pillow of the National Sleep Foundation. MyPillow’s patented technology can help with all of the most common causes of sleep loss and allows you to adjust it to any sleeping position. You can even wash and dry MyPillow as easily as your favorite pair of blue jeans!

“Until I was diagnosed with various sleep issues, I had no idea why my sleep was so interrupted throughout the night. I watch Imus each morning and heard endless testimonials about MyPillow. I took his advice and ordered a MyPillow. Now I wake up rested and ready to conquer the day ahead. Thank you for helping me remember what it’s like to sleep like a baby!” - Jacqueline H.

Unprecedented Guarantee and Warranty I do all of my own manufacturing in my home state of Minnesota and all materials are 100% made in the U.S.A. I’m so confident MyPillow will help you, I’m offering an unprecedented 60-day money back guarantee and a 10-year warranty not to go flat! I truly believe MyPillow is the best pillow in the world and that if everyone had one, Michael J. Lindell CEO, MyPillow, Inc. they would get better sleep and the world would be a much happier place.

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MARCH 2016





By F.R. Bob Romero 2015, 195 pages, $9.95 F.R. Romero Press This small, concise, self-published history of Taos has already sold over a thousand copies, the author says. Romero is a ninth-generation New Mexican who served as president of the Taos County Historical Society for seven years and teaches local history courses at UNM-Taos. He doesn’t merely regurgitate the known history of Taos, but gives it a unique spin through his personal experience. From the adjudication of water rights to the legendary Taos Hum and so-called “Hippie Invasion,” no aspect of multi-cultural diversity or complexity of geology, roads and landscape goes untouched. He doesn’t tiptoe over historic conflict, but presents the causes of violence with an even hand. “The governing of Taos has historically been challenging and problematic because Taoseños tend to be vigilant and are prone to rebellion on occasion,” he writes. And later, “Clearly there is a mysterious and supernatural quality to Taos that is intriguing.” Especially intriguing is Romero’s take on why the town of Taos can’t track the origin of its own name.


MARCH 2016

By William W. Dunmire 2013, 272 pages, $34.95 University of New Mexico Press 800-249-7737; Dunmire, a research associate at the New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, includes in his ever painstaking research Spanish chroniclers, the U.S. Census, historic travelers’ reports, and DNA testing for a broad overview of a crucial transition in the Southwest: the coming of five million sheep, large herds of cattle and other domestic livestock. In the 1830s, travelers viewed the high plains of Southwestern New Mexico as “a level plain, covered with the most luxurious grass” and “the finest grazing in the world.” Dunmire credits livestock raising by New Mexican Natives, Hispaños and Anglos, as a time-honored family tradition. He also reports the impact on the land from overgrazing and erosion, shrub invasion and riparian degradation. Dunmire studies feral mustangs and notes that cattle, New Mexico’s top cash crop, have been recently subjected to extreme weather cycles. Five stars.

By E.A. Tony Mares 2010, 66 pages, $22.95 University of New Mexico Press 800-249-7737; Patrociño Barela was a renowned New Mexico sculptor who once had an exhibit at the Museum of Modern Art in 1936 only to “plunge back into obscurity” as an illiterate Taos artist patronized by a few Southwest art collectors and local art dealers. Many years later his powerful and complex sculptures— many with spiritual themes—were recognized as works of genius. Mares, who never met the artist, imagines pithy and sometimes humorous exchanges with Barela as the artist peers into the raw wood and sees it shimmer “with astonishing light.” The poet brings Barela’s obsession to life on the page with authentic or imaginary details, “the sinuous curves in the language/of carved wood. The language of desire/of music, of words moist with love.” Barela explains, both in English and Spanish, how he strives to capture “Those deep cries from the earth/from the hearts of people, cut into me/like a knife into the hardest wood/like a chisel seeking the shape of grief…”

A PAIR OF SHOOTISTS: THE WILD WEST STORY OF S.F. CODY & MAUD LEE By Jerry Kuntz 2010, 224 pages, $29.95 University of Oklahoma Press 800-627-7377; Samuel Franklin Cowdery was a Montana cowpoke, a self-taught expert in riding, shooting and roping. By 1888, age 21, he had changed his last name to Cody and joined Wild West shows popular at that time. In Norristown, Pennsylvania, he met Maud Lee, a strong, attractive brunette, age 16. She was hired to hang suspended in midair and dangle glass balls in her teeth for Cody to target. Later, he taught her to shoot, too, including the famous “mirror trick.” They toured together and later married. But the razzle-dazzle of Wild West Shows was undermined by accidents and a run of bad luck, so they fled to England where Buffalo Bill Cody had already made a big splash. At their peak, they played to an audience of 8-10,000 at the Olympia, but Cody shipped Maud back home, possibly because she had developed schizophrenia and a morphine addiction. Many other historic tales of performers and venues are woven into this detailed narrative. To submit a book for review: include contact information and where to order.


The True Cost of Home Ownership


How Does Harbor Freight Sell GREAT QUALITY Tools at the LOWEST Prices?

By Allison Goldberg Ready to buy a home? Remember to consider the additional costs beyond your mortgage principal and interest payments as you estimate how much home you can afford. Listed are some costs potential homeowners forget to include when crunching the numbers to determine their home buying budget. Insurance: As a renter, you likely have a renter’s insurance policy. Because a homeowner’s insurance policy covers more than merely the possessions inside your home, it will be more expensive. Be sure to comparison shop for your homeowner’s policy, and remember many insurance companies offer multiple policy discounts. Some lenders require homeowners to prepay one year of insurance premiums at closing and collect an amount each month, added to the mortgage payment, to establish an escrow account for future insurance bills. This can add to the upfront cash needed at or before closing on your home. Also, if you put down less than 20 percent on your home, your mortgage lender may require mortgage insurance, which is a policy that will compensate your lender if you default on your mortgage. Taxes: Property taxes are based on the value of your home and are typically assessed and collected by your local government (city, county or municipality). Your or the seller’s realtor should be able to provide the current annual property taxes, and the information should be in the home’s multiple listing service (MLS) information, as well. Property taxes are typically collected two times per year, and many lenders require homeowners to establish and fund an escrow account upfront (like the insurance escrow noted above). If your lender does not include taxes in your monthly payment, take your annual property tax amount, divide it by 12 and incorporate it into your monthly budget so the tax payments do not dent your savings or cause you to take on debt. Allison Goldberg writes for the Insurance & Financial Services Department of the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association.


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2:54 PM


Treasure Hunting At Trina's Rock Shop


rina Cornell, owner of Trina’s Rock Shop in Deming, believes fate caused her and her husband, Jeff, to move from Odessa, Texas, to their new home in New Mexico. Before living in Odessa, the Cornells lived on Deming Road in Everson, Washington, only two miles from a small town in Washington called Deming. “The next step, I suppose,” Trina says smiling, “was to find another Deming but with a warmer climate.” In March 2014, Trina and Jeff attended the Rockhound Roundup, Deming’s annual gem and mineral show. “We’d been trying to make the trip to the Roundup for five years and finally made it,” Trina says. They were enchanted with the charm of the Deming community and decided to explore the possibility of a permanent move there. When the Cornells got back to Odessa, Trina went online and began looking at homes and businesses for sale in the Deming area. “I came across the listing for the rock shop and felt we had to check it out.” They knew they hit the jackpot when they discovered the sale price also included a fully-furnished separate home right on the premises. As a young child in Illinois, Trina loved rocks. She collected and tumbled them, making keychains and jewelry. Through the years she honed her jewelry-making skills while running her own web design company. As the owner of Trina’s Rock Shop, she’s now crafting a variety of jewelry, incorporating many of the local stones in her unique designs. She also conducts jewelry-making classes at her store: Lapidary, the cutting, polishing, and possible engraving of rough stones; and Wire Wrapping, where wire is wrapped and attached to stones in an artistic and decorative matter. The store and Cornell home, located on the corner of Columbus and Doña Ana Roads, are members of Columbus Electric Cooperative. Boasting an impressive inventory of large and small rocks including slabs and spheres, Trina’s Rock Shop also sells equipment for rockhounding, rock cutting and finishing, and jewelry making. “The really busy time of year for us,” Trina points out, “is January through March. We see lots of snowbirds [people who travel south for the winter months] and in March we have the Rockhound Roundup. We’re a Roundup vendor now. We set up our booth at the show and share our knowledge and love of rocks with all the visitors who stop by.” “We love this area, especially the mountains,” Trina says as she gestures towards her view of the Florida Mountains in the distance. “We’re so pleased that fate guided us to Deming, New Mexico.” Go on your own rockhound journey by exploring Trina’s website at


MARCH 2016

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*Prices are per person, double occupancy and do not include taxes & government fees of $159 per person. Add-on airfare is available at an additional charge. $100 per couple savings on select tour departures, offer expires 3/31/16. Seasonal surcharges and single supplements may apply. Ask your Travel Consultant for details.



Mention promo code F6015

Tel: 575-835-1630

NRCS and EQUIP approved water storage tanks. • Many sizes available and always in stock. • Lowest Prices in State. • Delivery and Setup Available. We also Manufacture Welded Galvanized Storage Tanks. Also available Galvanized, Poly, Fiberglass, and Rubber Tire Troughs.

SO SIMPLE it’s practically maintenance free. There are no hydraulic pumps, valves, pistons, hoses or fluids to leak or replace — EVER.


90136X © 2016

National Parks of the Golden West

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*Services provided by TransWorld Network, Corp. Not available in all areas. With approved credit. Restrictions, terms, & conditions apply. Taxes, regulatory, installation/activation, surcharges & other charges not included. Call for details or visit or for additional information and for terms and conditions of services. Customers on qualifying internet plans may receive maximum download speeds ranging from 1.5 Mbps to 10.0 Mbps. Actual download speeds will vary. 2. Wi-Power Phone not available with satellite Internet. Minimum 512 Kbps Internet connection speed required. International call rates apply. Unlimited calling applies to local and long distance calls within the contiguous United States. Digital Phone 911 Service operates differently than traditional 911. See for information. Unlimited usage subject to “fair and normal” usage limitations as described in terms and conditions.

MARCH 2016



San Lorenzo Canyon

probably gave some hope to homesteaders who thought they might eke out a living on the land. Remnant barbed wire fences endure here and there that help tell the story of what might have been. And what San Lorenzo Canyon is now, is an easy get-away for day-hikes 20 miles north of Socorro. Brownish-blue rock spires called “hoodoos” reach up into the cobalt sky through this canyon reach. Narrow slot canyons, arches and overhanging grottos can If the place name “San Lorenzo” sounds make you think you’re the first person to see familiar to you, there’s good reason. Eleven places in New Mexico carry the name in towns this place. It’s almost other-worldly, worthy of a desert scene in a Star Wars movie. A few and creeks and canyons. The name honors large cottonwood and willow trees point out Saint Lawrence, the Spanish-born deacon to where the water is, and where you can find Pope Sixtus II, a servant who was charged with caring for the poor, orphans and widows. the shade in the warmer months. You might His name appears earliest in a town along the get lucky and spy a desert bighorn sheep or a mule deer—or their tracks at least. Always Mimbres River, settled in 1714. keep a watch out for rattlesnakes. The deacon is also memorialized in a Coming off I-25 and the community of Socorro County canyon, the San Lorenzo Lemitar, you pass through unassuming hills Recreation Area, managed by the Bureau of of sand and scrub that belie what lies beyond. Land Management. This small area is big on You will be pleasantly surprised. Following the inspiring views wrought by an impressive geologic history worthy of your best abilities signs from Lemitar, the dirt road carries you west into the eastern base of the recreation with a camera. area. High-clearance vehicles are recomAs it is with most any place in our arid state, water is at a premium here. A few seeps mended by the Bureau of Land Management, but cars commonly make it to the parking and small cienegas provide enough wetness area. Primitive camping is allowed; there is no to add some flavor and color to the stark water, no bathrooms and limited cell service. canyon wonderment. The water at one time


MARCH 2016

If you want solitude, don’t go on Easter weekend. It’s a favorite of locals who may be paying homage to San Lorenzo who violently died a martyr for his faith. But let that be a sign, much like the locals know the best cafes, the draw to San Lorenzo Canyon is inspirational. At Lemitar, go north on the frontage road 4.6 miles, and go west through the tunnel for another 4.5 miles. For more details, call the Socorro Heritage and Visitor Center at 575-835-8927.


How to Choose Efficient Appliances By TJ Kirk It’s never a good day when you realize you need to replace a large appliance in your home. However, when the unfortunate time comes, be sure to take a moment and consider what you will purchase— especially for appliances that haven’t been replaced in a number of years, as the technology may have changed substantially. Instead of rushing out to buy the same make and model of appliance you had, consider this an opportunity to assess the market and make a smart purchase that will save you money in the long run. According to the Department of Energy, appliances account for about 13 percent of the average household’s energy use. Clothes dryers, refrigerators, freezers, computers, microwaves, dishwashers, and washing machines are the appliances that tend to use the most energy in a typical American home. Every appliance you buy has an operating cost, which is the cost of the energy needed to power the appliance. To facilitate more informed comparison shopping, the federal government requires some appliances to have an Energy Guide label stating the approximate energy consumption and operating cost of the appliance. Appliances with an Energy Star label use 10 to 50 percent less energy than standard appliances and are generally more expensive than their standard counterparts.


We’re proud to stand with New Mexico farmers and ranchers as they carry on a rich agricultural tradition. We work hard to provide a reliable, affordable source of power to help you get the job done now and for years to come.

Thomas Kirk specializes in energy efficiency and renewable energy for the Cooperative Research Network (CRN), a service of the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association.

MARCH 2016


Trading Post

Big Toys

To Place a Classified Ad 1. Type or print ad neatly. 2. Cost is $20 for up to the first 40 words per ad, per category. Each additional word is 50¢. Ads with insufficient funds will not be printed. Ad published once unless paid for several issues. 3. Graphics such as brands or QR codes are an additional $5 to the original cost of ad. 4. Only members of New Mexico electric co-ops may place ads. 5. We reserve the right to reject any advertisement. 6. Ads due the 9th, one month prior. Ex: Ads due February 9 for the March issue. Ads postmarked after the deadline of the 9th will be placed in the next issue. 7. Fill out contact information and select a category: Name:____________________ Address:__________________ Name:____________________ City:______________________ Address:__________________ State:_____ ZIP:_____________ City:______________________ Telephone:________________ State:____ Zip:_____________ Cooperative:_______________ Telephone:________________ Big Toys (Tools______________ & Machinery) Cooperative:_ Country Critters&(Pets) Big Toys (Tools Machinery) LivestockCritters Round-Up Country (Pets)(Livestock) Odd & Ends (Camping, Music, Digital) Livestock Round-Up (Livestock) Roof&Over Head (Real Estate) Odd EndsYour (Camping, Music, Digital) Things That Vroom! (Vehicles) Vintage FindsGo(Antiques & Collectibles) Vintage Collectibles) Roof OverFinds Your(Antiques Head (Real& Estate) When Opportunity Knocks Things That Go Vroom! (Vehicles) (Business & Employment) When Opportunity Knocks 8. Mail your ad and payment to: (Business & Employment) NMRECA 614 Don Gaspar Avenue Santa Fe, NM 87505

Make check or money order payable to NMRECA Advertisements in enchantment are paid solicitations are notor endorsed by theorder Makeand check money publisher or the electric cooperatives of New payable to NMRECA Mexico. PRODUCT SATISFACTION AND DELIVERY RESPONSIBILITY LIE SOLELY WITH THE ADVERTISER.


MARCH 2016

FOR SALE: BASS BOAT, 1979 PRO-CRAFT 15.5 feet with 70 HP Johnson. Lower unit with new seals and water pump. Clean with Mini-Kota trolling motor, all the safety items. Live well, new battery, trailer tires. $2,300. Call 575-744-9137, Elephant Butte.

DRINKING WATER STORAGE TANKS, HEAVY DUTY Black Poly, proven algae resistant. 125 to 11,000 gallons, NRCS and EQUIP approved. Please give us a chance to serve you! MasterCard or Visa accepted. Call 575-682-2308 or 1-800-603-8272.

KOMATSU D31 DOZER BACKHOE, ANGLE/TILT BLADE. 3,403 hrs. $15,500. 575-838-7070 in San Antonio area.

SOLAR SUBMERSIBLE WELL PUMPS. EASY TO install, reliable, and affordable. Pumps and controller carry a two-year warranty. Affordable installation is available. For more information visit www. or call 505-429-3093.

1047 SELF PROPELLED NEW HOLLAND STACKER. 120 bales per load. In very good shape. $8,000. Freight on Board, Tucumcari. Call 575-487-9435.

TRAILERS AND MORE TRAILERS. 24,000# GVWR 20-40 foot dual tandem flatbeds with great pricing usually in stock. Call for custom flatbed, enclosed and livestock trailer quotes. 12 miles east of Albuquerque on Route 66. Open all day Tuesday-Saturday. 1-800-832-0603. TRACTOR PARTS: SAVE 15-50% ON QUALITY replacement parts for tractors. Large inventory for 8N and 9N Fords and TO20+TO30 Massey Fergusons. Valley Motor Supply, 1402 E. 2nd, Roswell, NM 88201. 575-622-7450. GOOD USED IRRIGATION PIPE. PVC AND Aluminum in 6,” 8,” and 10.” Also have bonnets, alfalfa valves, T’s, elbows. Half the price of new. Call Sierra at 575-770-8441. MEAT CUTTING EQUIPMENT: HOBART MEAT SAW and 200 lb. capacity meat grinder, both run on 3-phase converter, converter included. Meat slicer. Walk-in cooler on trailer, stainless steel sink, 3 compartment. Thirty gallon electric water heater. Two butcher block tables. 12 meat loggers, 3-way knife sharpener, knives and hand saw. Will NOT sell separately. Everything goes for $12,000. Contact Steve Herrera at 505-927-1070.

enchantment 1 Year Subscription: $12 2 Year Subscription: $18

Mail a check or money order payable to

NMRECA along with the name and mailing address of the person you would like to send a gift subscription. Mail to: enchantment 614 Don Gaspar Avenue • Santa Fe, NM 87505

ATLAS LATHE, 13”X40,” WORKING CONDITION, WITH tools and accessories. $1,250. Located in Lemitar. Call 575-835-2555.

TRACTOR FOR SALE: 1962 FORD 2000 Tractor. 16-foot Big Tex 50 trailer. Front bucket. 3-point hitch accessories include rear scraper/grader blade. 2-gang plow. Mowing machine 4-foot swath. $6,500 for all. Call Jim at 505-681-8738. AFFORDABLE SOLAR WATER PUMPS. DID GOLIATH wreak your Windmill? Replace it WITH SOLAR! Easy set-up, little maintenance, and economically feasible. Helical Rotor, Centrifugal, and Pneumatic. Call and see if we have the perfect Solution for You!, 505-407-6553. SEPTIC TANK PUMPING. CALL MARQUEZ EXCAVATING Septic Pumping & Installation. Call Tony at 505-6707582 or 505-757-2926. Call Anthony at 505-913-0619. Serving Pecos, Glorieta, Rowe, and Ilfield areas.

Country Critters PUREBRED AUSTRALIAN SHEPHERD PUPPIES, READY MARCH 17. One female Blue Merle, two male Red Merle, one female Black Tri, two male Black Tri. $300 each. 1st shots. Parents on premises. Call 505-699-8048.

Livestock Round-Up HAYGRAZER: 2015 CROP, QUALITY HAY, FINE-STEMMED, leafy, $90 ton, $55 bale. Haygrazer: 2014 crop, still good hay, green inside, $70 ton, $40 bale. All are 4’x6’ round bales. All: prices in field. 30 miles SE of Portales, NM or 35 miles SW of Muleshoe, TX. 575-273-4220, 575-760-4223. IRRIGATED LAND LEASE, MILE FRONTAGE ON Brazos River, Highway 84 access, 91 acres, fields, trees, stream, water rights, irrigation structures, fenced for cattle/haying. Owner supports continuing land improvement program. 505-345-4006. NOT ALL WATER TANKS ARE CREATED Equal! Is Quality, Value and Longevity important to you? Buy High Specific Gravity, Heavy Weight, Long Warranty, Superior Black NRCS tanks. Lowest prices only provide minimum standards, lower weights, and shorter warranties. Find out more! 575-430-1010. NEW MEXICO DRINKING WATER STORAGE TANKS, Heavy Duty Black Poly. Fittings customized to your needs NRCS and EQUIP approved. High Specific Gravity, Heavy Weight, Long Warranty, Algae Resistant, Black NRCS Water Tanks. Call 1-800-603-8272 or 575-682-2308. DORPER SHEEP, EXCELLENT MEAT, FAST GROWING, registered and commercial breeding stock. Lambs 4 to 6 months weaned and vaccinated, some mature sheep, excellent registered. Yearling ram available. Quarter Circle T Farms, Ft. Sumner, New Mexico. Call 575-5125517 or 575-512-5516. 350 BALES TALL FESQUE GRASS HAY. No rain, barn stored. Albuquerque South Valley. $9 per bale. Call 505-859-0417. REGISTERED ANGUS BULLS: SELLING SATURDAY MARCH 5 in Roswell. Good stout yearling bulls, many suitable for heifers, and on March 30 in Maxwell at the Reverse Rocking R Ranch Angus Bull Sale. Yearling heifers also to sell in Roswell. Cimarron Angus, Maxwell, 575-3752972,

Odds & Ends BEE-KEEPING EQUIPMENT: 200 USED MEDIUM (6-5/8”) supers with frames: $10 each; 150 pounds crimp-wired foundation for shallow supers 4-3/4”x16-3/4,” $5 per pound. I also buy used bee-keeping equipment. Contact Don Mason in Roswell at 575-623-4858.

MONUMENTS: TAOS MOUNTAIN HERITAGE, WWW.TAOSMOUNTAINHERITAGE.COM, 86 East Camino Abajo La Loma, Ranchos de Taos. Caring is perpetuating the memory of a loved one. A monument stands forever in solemn dignity, honoring a special life. Choose from our wide selection. 575-770-2507, 575-758-3903. COFFINS, CASKETS & URNS. Simple, Natural, Unique. Delivery in New Mexico. Nationwide shipping. Call 505-2869410 for catalog and FREE funeral information. Visit our website at www. WATER RIGHTS FOR SALE IN THE Española, New Mexico area. Irrigation: 7.01 acres, 19.628 acre feet. Located in the Santa Cruz Irrigation District on Ortega Ditch. E-mail: or call 505-753-5709.

Roof Over Your Head TWO PROPERTIES IN ESCUDILLA BONITA ACRES. 25 acres for $50,000; 20 acres for $40,000. Together $80,000. Coyote Creek, near Arizona border, crosses land. Call 520-447-6632. COUNTRY LIVING! 2 AND 3 BEDROOM, 2 bath mobile homes on 1 acre in Highland Meadows Estates, 25 miles west of Albuquerque off I-40, low down, low monthly, owner financing. Call 505-814-9833. UTE LAKE, LOGAN, NEW MEXICO VACATION rental. Stay and play in comfort. 3 bedroom house 2 bath, lakeview, furnished, cable and Wi-Fi. $150 a night up to 6 people. Perfect for fishermen, families and hunters. Reservations 505-980-7925. Photos: BACK ON THE MARKET! LOVELY 3 bedroom Karsten home on 30.56 acres near Magdalena. Many upgrades, new septic system. Barn/garage, studio, well house, greenhouse, hen house, loafing shed and pen. Fenced and cross fenced. $175,000. E-mail nmmommallama@ or call 575-418-7333. HIGHLAND MEADOWS, OFF HIGHWAY 6 NEAR I-40. 3 bedroom, 2 bath Oakwood 1999 manufactured home on one acre, fenced yard, trees, shed and studio. For sale, $25,000. Two adjacent acres available for additional $5,000 each. Call 505-514-6049. FOR SALE: MORA VALLEY, APPROXIMATELY 20 acres dry land and 15 acres mountains. Serious inquiries only. Contact Mike at 505-753-6338.

MT. TAYLOR CABIN VACATION RENTAL. FOR rent or FSBO, 5 miles into Cibola Forest. 1 acre, locked gate, 2 bedrooms fully furnished, propane and electric heat. 1,365 square feet includes basement room; has phone and satellite. $95 per night or selling price $150,000. Call John at 505-238-7079. LOOKING FOR WATER? GIFTED TO FIND underground streams. Reputable dowser with 50 years of experience. To God Be The Glory! Contact Joe Graves at 575-7583600 in Taos, 75 miles north of Santa Fe. God Bless You. 300 SOUTH MARSHALL IN GRADY. THREE bedroom, two bath home with covered horse stalls. Central heat and air plus wood stove. Village water. Big Mesa Realty, 575-456-2000. Paul Stout, Broker, 575-760-5461. CONCHAS LOTS AND HOME FOR SALE. Big Mesa Realty, 575-456-2000. Paul Stout, Broker, 575-760-5461. ESCUDILLA BONITA, NM, GAME UNIT 15, 40 acres. Lot #31: 20 acres, fenced, 80 manufactured home, enclosed porch, move-in ready, well-house with work bench, 1,200 gallon water tank/storage. Lot #36: 20.03 acres, well-head located near Coyote Creek. $95,000. 520-2478134, Scott. FOR SALE: 1/4 SECTION: 2 MILES north, 2 miles west of Fence Lake, New Mexico. Great views, electric at SW corner. Nearby wells at 320 feet. County roads, east and north. Mostly grass, some Cedar trees. $84,000. Call 575-744-9137. 1990’S AIRLOCK LOG CABIN MLS 201500260, 13 Wigwam Trail, Ilfeld, NM. Quiet neighborhood between Santa Fe and Las Vegas. 3 acres, mountain views, community utilities, energy efficient, insulated double garage, covered RV parking. $229,500. James Congdon, SF Props, 505-984-7398. Owner 505-690-1062. RUIDOSO AREA NEAR BONITO LAKE & River. 3 bedrooms, 1 bath, 1,084 square feet, approximately 3/4 acre. Apple and peach trees, fenced, well, shop. Near national forest. Nice neighborhood. Near ski area, casinos, race track. Photos on Craigslist, Alto. $139,000. 575-336-2491. THANK YOU ADVERTISERS FOR YOUR BUSINESS! I WOULD LIKE TO PURCHASE THE Real Estate contract, mortgage or deed of trust for which you are receiving payments. Please call for fast pricing and quick closing. E-mail: or call Barbara Baird at 1-800-458-9847.

Things That Go Vroom! 1995 MARADA, 17-FT. FISH AND SKI Bowrider. 4.3 Merc V6 with 89 hours on factory installed hour meter. Call for details on this once in a lifetime boat deal, 505-803-7412. 2006 FORD F-350 CREW CAB DIESEL, 108,000 miles. Kept in barn. $12,000. Call 575-760-7722. 2001 FORD RANGER PICKUP, 4 CYLINDER, blown engine, good body condition, $1,200 or best offer. 1977 Plymouth, 440 engine cop car, good engine, $1,000. Horse hay, stored in barn, cut in 2015, 150 bales at $7 a bale. Call 505-720-0237. 1986 FORD F-250 DIESEL 2WD AUTO transmission, single cab, 247,000 miles, 2004 bed. Engine warmer must be plugged in 30 minutes prior to start in winter. Won’t start at present, needs new fuel injectors but engine good, has plenty left on it. New batteries, new glo-plugs. Tires, body, transmission good condition. $600. In Taos, 575-770-0140. 2010 CHEVY AVEO, 51,500 MILES, $3,800. 1970 Chevy short box, 454 partially restored, sell/trade. 1972 Chevy C20, 33,504 miles. Chevy 1967-1968 fenders. Dodge 440 engine. 2005 Dodge pickup box and tailgate. Dodge 360 heads. Looking for Street Rod. Soults Motors in Lemitar, 575-838-0758.

Vintage Finds BUYING OLD STUFF: GAS PUMPS AND parts 1960s or earlier, advertising signs, neon clocks, old car parts in original boxes, motor oil cans, license plate collections, Route 66 items, old metal road signs, odd and weird stuff. Fair prices paid. Have pickup, will travel. Gas Guy in Embudo, 505-852-2995. WANTED: NEW MEXICO MOTORCYCLE LICENSE PLATES 1912-1959, paying $100-$500 each, also buying some New Mexico car plates 1900-1923. Wanted: New Mexico Highway Journal magazines 1923-1927, paying $10-$25 single issues, $400-$800 bound volumes, library discards OK. Wanted: New Mexico Automobile License Directory (”The Zia Book”) and Motor Vehicle Register books 1900-1949, library discards OK, paying $75-$100 per volume. Bill Johnston, Box 640, Organ, NM 880520640. E-mail: or telephone 575-382-7804.

I BUY SPANISH COLONIAL SPURS, STIRRUPS, horse bits with jingles, weapons, etc. Also, old New Mexico handmade/ carved furniture. Call 505-753-9886. RAILROAD ITEMS WANTED: LANTERNS, LOCKS, KEYS, badges, uniforms, dining car china, etc. Especially seeking items from early New Mexico railroads such as: AT&SF, D&RG, EP&NE, EP&SW, and C&S. Randy Dunson. 575-356-6919. HAVE A PHOTO OF YOU READING enchantment? Send it our way so we can publish it in our next edition: 2003 DODGE CARAVAN 7 PASSENGER, 268,000 miles, white, good body, needs tuneup, $450. 2005 Chrysler PT Cruiser, Touring model, CD player, stick shift, white, excellent condition, 89,000 miles, $1,250. Cash only. In Estancia, call 575-384-5387. DO YOU HAVE LITTLE GOLDEN BOOKS tucked away? At Rough Rider Antiques in Las Vegas we like to give books to children who accompany their parents or grandparents to the store. This small gift is so popular we are always looking for more books (ask for Nancy). Otherwise our shelves and showcases are bursting with inventory. Open Monday through Saturday 10am to 5:00 p.m. Sunday noon to 4:00 p.m. 501 Railroad and East Lincoln, across from the Castaneda, a Fred Harvey Hotel. 505-454-8063. 1870’S IMPORTED HAVILAND LIMOGES FINE BONE China, service for 8. Perfect condition, extras and serving dishes. Bone white/gold filigree trim. Ready for June wedding gift. Sacrifice for $500. Call 505-269-4179.

When Opportunity Knocks FOR RENT 2 SPACES AVAILABLE: 3,600 sf or 700 sf, prime location in Española. Perfect for medical, consignment/thrift, market, general office. National tenant, very reasonable terms. For more information, contact Art, 505-927-7533. FOR SALE IN ESPAÑOLA: 12,000 SQUARE foot shopping center. 100% location. Owner financing available. Contact Art Martinez for more information, 505-927-7533. WORK FROM HOME. SIMPLY RETURN CALLS. $2,000 to $5,000 a week. No selling, explaining or convincing to do ever. Not a job, not a network marketing business. Full training and support. Call 505-685-0966.

MARCH 2016



Make yourself at home in a beautiful steel building from Mueller. From size to colors to a style that’s made for you, we’re here to help. As Mueller celebrates 85 years of building strong products and solid relationships, enjoy the peace of mind that we will be around for you, now and in the future. Call or visit our website today. 877-2-MUELLER (877-268-3553) Mueller_NMEnchantment_Jan2016.indd 1


MARCH 2016

1/20/16 10:46 AM

Books Rock with Dr. Seuss! Dr. Seuss would be so proud of your book covers. Earth is our home, so let's celebrate Earth Day in April. Draw a happy dancing Earth surrounded by flowers and trees, or you dancing on top of the world. Or, show us if you will recycle or save water while brushing your teeth. Strap on your helmet and take a cruise on your Classy Wheels for May. Draw your bike, scooter, roller blades, ATV, monster truck, motorbike, or whatever you use to get around outside.

Remember: Print your name, age, mailing address, phone number, and co-op name on your drawings. Otherwise, your drawings are disqualified. Remember: color, dark ink or pencil on plain white 8.50 x 11.00 size paper is best. Accept artwork up to age 13. Mail to: Youth Editor, 614 Don Gaspar Avenue, Santa Fe, NM 87505. Entries must be here by the 9th of the month before publication. Each published artist receives $10 for his or her work.

David M. Vigil, Age 9, Ojo Caliente

Analiya Brown, Age 9, Grants

Gabriel Love, Age 11, Floyd

Arron Lucero, Age 8, El Rito

Aaden Cordova, Age 6, El Prado

Andria Lucero, Age 7, Taos

Kyle Evenhus, Age 8, Chimayo

Jaydin Moore, Age 9, Veguita

Ocean Odom, Age 5, High Rolls

MARCH 2016


March 2016 enchantment  

Feature story: Rockhound State Park.

March 2016 enchantment  

Feature story: Rockhound State Park.