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enchantment The Voice of New Mexico’s Rural Electric Cooperatives

Don Bustos: Farmer, Innovator, Mentor


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FEBRUARY 2018

enchantment.coop


enchantment February 1, 2018 • Vol. 70, No. 02 USPS 175-880 • ISSN 0046-1946 Circulation 101,847

enchantment (ISSN 0046-1946) is published monthly by the New Mexico Rural Electric Cooperative Association, 614 Don Gaspar Avenue, Santa Fe, NM 87505. enchantment provides reliable, helpful information on rural living and energy use to electric cooperative members and customers.

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Nearly 102,000 families and businesses receive enchantment Magazine as electric cooperative members. Non-member subscriptions are available at $12 per year or $18 for two years, payable to NMRECA. Allow four to eight weeks for delivery. Periodical Postage paid at Santa Fe, NM 87501-9998 and additional mailing offices. CHANGE OF ADDRESS Postmaster: Send address changes to 614 Don Gaspar Avenue, Santa Fe, NM 87505-4428. Readers who receive the publication through their electric cooperative membership should report address changes to their local electric cooperative office. THE NEW MEXICO RURAL ELECTRIC COOPERATIVE ASSOCIATION provides legislative and educational services for its 17 cooperative members that deliver electric power to New Mexico’s rural areas and small communities. The mission of the New Mexico Rural Electric Cooperative Association is to strengthen, support, unify, and represent Cooperative member interests at the local, state, and national levels. Each cooperative has a representative on the association’s board of directors, which controls the editorial content and advertising policy of enchantment through its Publications Committee.

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OFFICERS OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS Charles Pinson, President, Central Valley Electric Cooperative, Artesia George Biel, Vice President, Sierra Electric Cooperative, Elephant Butte Tim Morrow, Secretary-Treasurer, Springer Electric Cooperative, Springer BOARD OF DIRECTORS Duane Frost, Central New Mexico Electric Cooperative, Mountainair William C. Miller, Jr., Columbus Electric Cooperative, Deming Arsenio Salazar, Continental Divide Electric Cooperative, Grants Lance R. Adkins, Farmers’ Electric Cooperative, Clovis Cristobal Duran, Kit Carson Electric Cooperative, Taos Robert Caudle, Lea County Electric Cooperative, Lovington Robert Quintana, Mora-San Miguel Electric Cooperative, Mora Tomas G. Rivas, Northern Río Arriba Electric Cooperative, Chama Preston Stone, Otero County Electric Cooperative, Cloudcroft Antonio Sanchez, Jr., Roosevelt County Electric Cooperative, Portales Leroy Anaya, Socorro Electric Cooperative, Socorro Travis Sullivan, Southwestern Electric Cooperative, Clayton Wayne Connell, Tri-State G&T Association, Westminster, Colorado Charles G. Wagner, Western Farmers Electric Cooperative, Oklahoma NATIONAL DIRECTOR David Spradlin, Springer Electric Cooperative, Springer

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DEPARTMENTS

INSIDE READS Female vs. Male Hearts

Warning signs are different for each gender.

Farmer, Innovator, Mentor

Growing organic crops on 400-year-old land.

Co-op Newswire

7 View from enchantment 5 12 Hale To The Stars

6

On The Menu

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19 Energy Sense

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What's Hot?

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NEW MEXICO RURAL ELECTRIC COOPERATIVE ASSOCIATION 614 Don Gaspar Avenue Phone: 505-982-4671 Santa Fe, NM 87505 Fax: 505-982-0153 www.nmelectric.coop www.enchantment.coop Keven J. Groenewold, Chief Executive Officer, kgroenewold@nmelectric.coop Susan M. Espinoza, Editor, sespinoza@nmelectric.coop Tom Condit, Assistant Editor, tcondit@nmelectric.coop

EIA Makes First 2019 Predictions

Electricity consumption expected to increase in 2019.

DISPLAY ADVERTISING Rates available upon request. Cooperative members and New Mexico display advertisers email Kim Vigil at advertising@nmelectric.coop or call 303-253-5255. National representative: American MainStreet Publications, 800-626-1181. Advertisements in enchantment are paid solicitations and are not endorsed by the publisher or the electric cooperatives of New Mexico. PRODUCT SATISFACTION AND DELIVERY RESPONSIBILITY LIE SOLELY WITH THE ADVERTISER. Copyright ©2018 New Mexico Rural Electric Cooperative Association, Inc. Reproduction prohibited without written permission of the publisher.

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Enchanted Journeys

MEMBERS OF THE PUBLICATIONS COMMITTEE William C. Miller, Jr., Chairman, Columbus Electric Cooperative Lance R. Adkins, Farmers’ Electric Cooperative Robert Quintana, Mora-San Miguel Electric Cooperative Antonio Sanchez, Jr., Roosevelt County Electric Cooperative Leroy Anaya, Socorro Electric Cooperative

The way we receive most of our electricity.

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Book Chat

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Vecinos 16 On the Cover: Don Bustos

of Santa Cruz Farms, holds a crop of organic tomatoes grown on his family farm. Photo by Sharon Niederman.

Backyard Trails

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Trading Post

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Youth Art

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Your Co-op Page

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FEBRUARY 2018

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Co-op Newswire Western States Start Push to Be Ready for EVs With more electric cars comes the need for more charging stations for those cars. A recent U.S. Department of Energy report outlines how much electric vehicle charging infrastructure is needed to support various market growth scenarios. As a way to be prepared for this growth, New Mexico Gov. Susana Martinez joined the governors from Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Utah, and Wyoming in signing a memorandum to develop a regional electric vehicle charging network. It covers 5,000 miles of freeways, including interstates 10, 15, 25, 40, 70, 80, 84, 86, 90, and 94. States within this Regional Electric Vehicle West Corridor will coordinate funding opportunities, create minimum standards for EV charging stations and identify ways to factor in charging stations when developing building codes, metering policies and renewable energy projects. It is estimated, if there are 15 million electric vehicles on the road by 2030, there will be a need for more than 600,000 workplace and public charging stations.

Get Your Copy of the Legislative Almanac Get a first glance look at the Senate or House member who represents your district. The Legislative Almanac is used statewide by colleges, libraries, businesses, and cooperative members like you. The 2018 Legislative Almanac is available.

Download the New Mexico Rural Electric Cooperative Association’s

Legislative Almanac

You have the opportunity to download the smart app to your smart device from any of the two app stores or call our office to find out how you can get a copy. Call 505-982-4671.

to your iPhone, iPad or Android device.

Scan this QR Code to get the app!

Or search for

NMRECA Legislative Almanac

We received several phone calls about the Homemade Baked Beans recipe published in the January 2018 enchantment. The recipe called for 14 cups molasses when in fact it is ¼ cup molasses. Thanks to our readers for bringing this to our attention.

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FEBRUARY 2018

enchantment.coop

How to Contact enchantment Download the New Mexico Rural Electric Cooperative Association’s

Phone Legislative Almanac

505-982-4671 Scan this Email QR Code to comments@nmelectric.coop get the app! Facebook facebook.com/enchantmentnmreca Or search for NMRECA Mail Legislative 614 Don Gaspar Avenue Almanac Santa Fe, NM 87505 Community Events events@nmelectric.coop to your iPhone, iPad or Android device.

Download the New Mexico Rural Electric Cooperative Association’s

Download the New Mexico Rural Electric Cooperative Association’s

to your iPhone, iPad or Android device.

to your iPhone, iPad or Android device.

Legislative Almanac

Legislative Almanac

Scan this QR Code to get the app!

Scan this QR Code to get the app!

Or search for

Or search for

NMRECA Legislative Almanac

Now that's a lot of molasses!

We are working on a redesign of the enchantment for 2018. Same size, same paper stock but fresh design elements. Classified advertisers, you will have new categories to select from. Thank you.

NMRECA Legislative Almanac


View from enchantment

Time to Reflect on Rural Electrification

N

It will be a time to reflect on the history of rural electrification. Eighty years ago, the electric co-op idea energized rural New Mexico.

ew Mexico Rural Electric Cooperatives are asking the legislature and the Martinez Administration to declare February 1, 2018, as “New Mexico Rural Electric Cooperative Day.” It will be a time to reflect on the history of rural electrification. Eighty years ago, the electric co-op idea energized rural New Mexico. It gave farms, ranches and rural communities the opportunity for the conveniences of electric service. Co-ops did what large power companies would not–bring power to the countryside. We don’t appreciate how hard rural Americans struggled to get the electricity they needed to be part of the 20th century. In New Mexico, there were 28 applications to form rural electric cooperatives between 1936 and 1949. Sixteen of them were successful, which means 12 of the applications were rejected. They were rejected for many reasons, but the common theme was “not enough customers to prove economic feasibility.” However, the first co-op pioneers remained vigilant. Some achieved economic feasibility by combining the extreme rural areas with the small towns in the area. Some did it by purchasing some of the small, private utility properties in the area.

So, how do we take 80 years of successfully serving rural New Mexico and build on it for the future? By celebrating electric cooperatives in our state’s capitol building. By remembering how we got to this point. In the 1930s electric poles and wires were revolutionary. Not everyone was happy about having the night skies invaded by light bulbs. Not everyone immediately understood how electricity would make their lives easier and better. Others feared they couldn’t afford to pay the cost of electricity. Or that the local board would not have the savvy to manage and operate such a complex system. But enough people took the risk and today, rural areas enjoy many of the same opportunities and amenities that urban areas enjoy. Today, co-ops in New Mexico serve over 200,000 customers— from Rodeo to Clayton and from Chama to Lovington. The land area served by consumer-owned co-ops in New Mexico is almost 100,000 square miles. There are over 900 employees that operate and maintain your co-ops around the state. They oversee $1.3 billion in utility plant, including over 46,000 miles of power lines. New Mexico Rural Electric Cooperatives are active, engaged

Keven J. Groenewold. P.E. Chief Executive Officer New Mexico Rural Electric Cooperative Association

and leaders in their communities. Cooperatives have provided educational scholarships to over 8,000 students totaling over $11 million. New Mexico Rural Electric Cooperatives participate in the national Government-in-Action Youth Tour by sending students from the state to Washington D.C. to see government in action and learn about the importance of electric cooperatives. From such humble beginnings 80 years ago, the rural electric co-ops in New Mexico have grown into quite a business. Not bad for a bunch of folks who knew very little about electric power companies. Many rural New Mexicans were risk takers. In their own quiet way, they face the daily challenges of surviving in this arid desert. Mostly, they succeed. Some of their success comes from the basic service they receive from their electric co-op. As the origins of electric cooperatives fade into the past, let’s reaffirm the spirit of cooperation. Each of you has been a part of this evolution and should take pride in the success of New Mexico’s Rural Electric Cooperatives. So, please join us in proclaiming February 1, 2018, as “New Mexico Rural Electric Cooperative Day” across this great state.

enchantment.coop

FEBRUARY 2018

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Enchanted Journeys

Hale to the stars BY ALAN HALE

F

ebruary 2018 begins with a rather unusual situation that began a couple of months ago: during the evening hours there are no bright planets visible in the sky, other than Uranus, which is detectable with binoculars in the southwestern sky after dusk. Towards the end of February, however, Venus— which passed on the far side of the sun as seen from Earth in early January—begins to be visible close to the western horizon during dusk. Over the coming weeks, Venus climbs higher into the night sky, and will be a splendid object in our evening skies during the spring and early summer. The giant planet, Jupiter, rises during the early morning hours in early February, and around midnight late in the month. Meanwhile, Mars—growing ever brighter as the stage is set for its close approach to Earth this summer—rises one to two hours behind Jupiter. The Red Planet spends most of the month traveling through the northern part of the constellation Scorpius, and will be similar in brightness to the bright red star Antares—Greek for “rival of Ares” (the Greek name for Mars)—thus making for inter-

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The brightest interstellar gas cloud in the wintertime Milky Way: the Orion Nebula. Photograph by Alan Hale.

esting comparisons between the two objects. The last of the planets to rise is Saturn, which does so approximately one hour before the beginning of dawn. For the time being, Saturn’s rings are about as wide open as they can ever appear to us. Meanwhile, Saturn itself is traveling through one of the most interesting regions of the entire sky, the center of our galaxy in the constellation Sagittarius. We look in the opposite direction directly opposite the center of our galaxy, when we view the wintertime Milky Way during February evenings. The hazy band of light that we call “the Milky Way” is actually the combined light of multitudes of distant stars in our galaxy’s central plane— as an examination through binoculars will reveal—but although the wintertime Milky Way doesn’t quite compare to its summertime counterpart, there are still enough star clusters, and interstellar gas and dust clouds, to make this part of the sky “interesting” as well.

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February • Hobbs “In The Dark” Exhibit Western Heritage Museum 575-492-2678 February 3 • Cerrillos Amigos Hike 37 Main Street 888-667-2757

February 10 • Gallup ArtsCrawl Historic Downtown 505-488-2136

February 3 • Carlsbad Sweetheart Serenade 1504 Miehls Drive N 575-887-5516

February 16 • Grants Mt. Taylor Winter Quadrathlon Cibola County Complex 505-287-4802

February 7 & 21 • Cedar Crest East Mountain Toastmasters Club Greenside Cafe Route 14 862-216-5891

February 17 • Sipapu February Fun Fest Sipapu Ski Resort 800-587-2240

February 8-13 • Red River Mardi Gras in the Mountains Town of Red River 575-754-2366

February 19, 20, 21 • Portal Annual Soup Kitchen “Soup’s On” Portal Rescue Classroom 520-558-5858

February 9 • Crownpoint Crownpoint Navajo Rug Auction Crownpoint Elementary School 505-879-9460

February 22-26 • Angel Fire 4th Annual Military Winterfest Angel Fire Resort 410-703-8352

February 9-10 • Cloudcroft Mardi Gras on the Mountain Burro Avenue 575-682-2733

February 23 • Socorro Battle For Socorro Fort Escondida 575-835-8927

February 10 • Artesia Billie Holiday Tribute Ocotillo Performing Arts Center 575-746-4212

February 23-24 • T or C A Gathering of Quilts Ralph Edwards Auditorium 575-894-2959

February 10 • Clovis Jurassic Quest Curry County Events Center 575-935-7000

February 23-25 • Chama Sno Ball Balloon Rally Downtown 575-756-2184


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12/19/17 2:52 PM

FEBRUARY 2018

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On The Menu BY SHARON NIEDERMAN

Valentine Sweets, Yum! The sweetest time of the year deserves homemade goodies made by hand, and from the heart.

High Altitude Chocolate Cake

This recipe was given to me by my friend Tom Schurch, who brought it to a potluck, where it stole the show. 2 cups all-purpose flour ¾ cups unsweetened cocoa powder, special dark 1 Tb. instant espresso powder ¾ tsp. baking powder 1½ tsp. baking soda 1 tsp. salt ¾ cup + 2 Tbs. sugar 1 cup brown sugar 1 cup vegetable oil 2 large eggs, room temperature 2 tsps. pure vanilla extract 1 cup buttermilk, room temperature ¾ cup + 2 Tbs. very hot water Preheat oven to 375 F. Line the bottom of two 9-inch cake pans with parchment paper. Grease and flour the pans. Whisk flour, cocoa powder, espresso powder, baking powder, baking soda, and salt together in a medium-sized bowl. Beat sugars and oil together until thoroughly mixed. Add eggs one at a time, beating thoroughly. Scrape down sides of bowl and add vanilla, mix until just combined. Alternate adding 1/3 of the flour mixture and ½ of the buttermilk to the mixing bowl, starting and ending with the flour. You will have three additions of flour and two additions of buttermilk. Scrape down the sides as needed and mix until incorporated after each addition. Add hot water and mix until just combined with a rubber spatula. Distribute batter evenly among the two cake pans, then transfer to oven. Bake for 22-25 minutes. Cool cakes 15 minutes, then turn out onto a wire cooling rack and cool completely.

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FEBRUARY 2018

enchantment.coop

Frost and decorate as desired. Sift powder sugar over the top instead of frosting if you wish.

Natillas

New Mexico’s traditional custard dessert comes from Spain. 4 cups milk or soy milk, divided 2 sticks cinnamon ½ cup sugar ½ cup flour, sifted ¼ tsp. salt 7 large egg yolks 1 tsp. vanilla ½ tsp. cinnamon Put 3 cups milk and cinnamon sticks in top of a double boiler over boiling water and heat milk. In a separate bowl, mix sugar, flour and salt, then stir in remaining cup of cold milk and slowly add egg yolks. Remove cinnamon sticks from scalded milk and carefully stir sugar-egg mixture into hot milk. Continue cooking over boiling water, stirring constantly until thick. Remove from heat, let stand a few minutes, then add vanilla. Pour into a shallow baking dish or 6 individual custard dishes. Refrigerate and sprinkle with cinnamon before serving.

Whole Grain Banana Bread

King Arthur Flour’s Recipe of the Year. I add chocolate chips for the best banana bread ever! 2 cups (16 ounces) mashed banana; about 4 or 5 medium bananas ½ cup vegetable oil

1 cup brown sugar 2 large eggs 1 tsp. vanilla extract 1 cup (4 1/4 ounces) King Arthur Unbleached All-Purpose Flour 1 cup (4 ounces) King Arthur White Whole Wheat Flour or Premium Whole Wheat Flour 1 tsp. baking soda ½ tsp. baking powder ¾ tsp. salt 1 tsp. ground cinnamon, optional ½ cup chopped walnuts, toasted; optional Topping: 1 Tb. sugar mixed with ½ tsp. ground cinnamon Preheat oven to 350 F with a rack in the center position. Lightly grease a 9x5 loaf pan. If your pan is glass or stoneware, reduce the oven temperature to 325 F. In a large bowl, stir together mashed bananas, oil. sugar, eggs, and vanilla. Mix in the flours, baking soda, baking powder, salt, cinnamon, and chopped walnuts. Scrape the bottom and sides of the bowl to thoroughly combine the ingredients. Scoop the batter into the prepared pan. Mix the topping ingredients and sprinkle over the batter. Bake the bread for about 60 to 75 minutes. If baking in a glass or stoneware pan, increase the baking time by 10 to 15 minutes (to a total of 70 to 90 minutes). Check the bread at 45 minutes; if it appears to be browning too quickly, tent it with aluminum foil. Bake until a paring knife inserted into the center of the loaf comes out clean, or with just a few moist crumbs clinging to it. Remove bread from oven. Cool it in pan 15 minutes, then loosen the edges, and turn it out of the pan onto a rack to cool completely.


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IMPORTANT CONSUMER INFORMATION: Jitterbug is owned by GreatCall, Inc. Your invoices will come from GreatCall. 1Monthly fees do not include government taxes or assessment surcharges and are subject to change. Plans and services may require purchase of a Jitterbug Flip and a one-time setup fee of $35. Coverage is not available everywhere. 5Star or 9-1-1 calls can only be made when cellular service is available. 5Star Service will be able to track an approximate location when your device is turned on, but we cannot guarantee an exact location. 2We will refund the full price of the Jitterbug phone and the activation fee (or setup fee) if it is returned within 30 days of purchase in like-new condition. We will also refund your first monthly service charge if you have less than 30 minutes of usage. If you have more than 30 minutes of usage, a per minute charge of 35 cents will be deducted from your refund for each minute over 30 minutes. You will be charged a $10 restocking fee. The shipping charges are not refundable. There are no additional fees to call GreatCall’s U.S.-based customer service. However, for calls to a Personal Operator in which a service is completed, you will be charged 99 cents per call, and minutes will be deducted from your monthly rate plan balance equal to the length of the call and any call connected by the Personal Operator. Jitterbug, GreatCall and 5Star are registered trademarks of GreatCall, Inc. Copyright ©2018 GreatCall, Inc. ©2018 firstSTREET for Boomers and Beyond, Inc.

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FEBRUARY 2018

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Energy Sense

BY PATRICK KEEGAN AND BRAD THIESSEN

Do Radiant Barriers Really Make a Difference?

D

ear Pat: I’ve heard that installing a radiant barrier in my attic could save me a lot of money on my energy bill. What exactly is a radiant barrier, and does it really make a difference? —Don Dear Don: A radiant barrier reflects radiant heat and can be used to keep heat in a home during the winter and to keep heat out in the summer. In order to understand the value of a radiant barrier we need to consider the three different ways heat travels. • Convection is air movement from hot to cold. This happens through openings in your home, like doors, windows, vents and air leaks. • Conduction is heat traveling through a solid material, such as the sheetrock and framing of your home. This can be minimized by insulation. • Radiant heat loss is a transfer of heat from the sun, or when a warmer material transmits infrared radiation to a colder material. Radiant barriers are designed to reflect this type of heat loss. Radiant barriers often look like aluminum foil. Sometimes the foil is fastened to oriented strand or foam board, but the foil will only reflect radiant heat towards an air space of at least one inch. If the foil is in contact with a solid material, it conducts excess heat into that material.

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A common location for application of radiant barriers is the attic; radiant energy from the sun is sent back out of the roof before it can heat the air and insulation in your home. It is commonly sold as a roll of shiny, aluminum material and is usually mounted on the underside of the framing that supports the roof. The radiant barrier is only effective in reflecting radiant heat, not as insulation or as a wrap to block air loss, but it can be very effective at its intended purpose. Even something as thin as a sheet of aluminum foil can reflect 95 percent of the radiated heat back through the roof if it’s installed properly, with an air gap between itself and the roof. While other solutions such as an attic fan try to remove the heat once it has accumulated, the radiant barrier stops the heat from building up in the first place. The net impact of a radiant barrier depends on whether you live in a hot or cold-weather climate. For example, homes that were retrofitted with attic radiant barrier systems in Florida were able to reduce air conditioning energy use by about 9 percent. In colder climates, the radiant barrier that reflects unwanted heat outside of the house in the summer will also be reflecting heat away

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from the house in the winter. In other words, the cooling bill may decrease but the heating bill may increase. So, is a radiant barrier in your attic a good investment? Sometimes. You need to do a little research, as savings vary in each situation and there are many inaccurate claims made about the cost savings they bring. In a warmer climate, a home with a large cooling load and a roof that is fully exposed to the sun, an attic radiant barrier could be a cost-effective measure, and it could make your home

more comfortable. Products are getting better all the time, but even then, your expectations need to be realistic. It’s a good idea to compare an investment in an attic radiant barrier to other energy efficiency investments, such as improving your attic insulation or sealing air leaks around doors and windows. Of course, the best way to compare your energy efficiency opportunities is to schedule an energy audit of your home. Start by talking to your friendly energy advisors at your local electric cooperative.


Female vs. Male Hearts …continued from page 7 member with you to your appointment. This gives doctors a larger perspective about the person and the medical and emotional perspective the family has. There is one other distinction doctors see. This distinction is between deniers and complainers. “A lot of people are deniers,” Fletcher says. “They don’t want to admit they have a medical issue. Others are complainers. They are at the doctor’s office with every little ache.” Recent science has also shown some differences in warning signs for women and men. The American Heart Association lists these warning signs:

Warning Signs for Women • Uncomfortable pressure, squeezing, fullness or pain in the center of your chest. It lasts more than a few minutes, or goes away and comes back. • Pain or discomfort in one or both arms, the back, neck, jaw, or stomach. • Shortness of breath with or without chest discomfort. • Breaking out in a cold sweat, nausea or lightheadedness. • As with men, women’s most common heart attack symptom is chest pain or discomfort. But women are somewhat more likely than men to experience some of the other common symptoms, particularly shortness of breath, nausea/vomiting and back or jaw pain.

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Don Bustos: Farmer, Innovator, Mentor Story and photos by Sharon Niederman

his ancestor, Josefita Bustos, who, at age 9, in 1694, walked from Mexico City to the northern edge of New Spain. She could read and write, and became one of the founding members of Las Iglesia de Santa Cruz de la Cañada (Holy Cross Catholic Church). “She was one of the first women to receive a land grant from Spain,” Bustos recounts, “and in 1821, Mexico took it from her” as part of its war victory. Bustos’ connection to his ancestors extends to incorporating their agricultural and spiritual wisdom into his understanding of modern technology. He recalls, growing up, that local crops were planted by Dia de San Juan, June 24, the date of the blessing of the waters, “and then we would go swimming,” and harvested by Dia de Santa Clara, August 11. “Not everything was written down,” he says, “but Don Bustos, in green shirt, explains organic farming to an inter-generational group of Road Scholars. they understood.” “Clearing the acequia (community irrimagine harvesting fresh kale, Swiss chard, spinach, radishes, gation ditch) was a rite of passage, and when a boy was handed and salad greens in northern New Mexico in the coldest a shovel and joined in, it was the time when he became a man.” winter months. It sounds impossible, but it is true. A suggestion from his mother, Trinidad Valdez Bustos, kicked Sustainable farming innovator Don Bustos of Santa Cruz Farm off his interest in organic farming. After attending New Mexico Military Institute in Roswell, Bustos joined the Carpenters Union outside Española brings his organic, vegan-grown vegetables in Santa Fe. As his parents aged, he came home to the farm and to market 12 months a year. Through a skillful combination of helped out. traditional and modern technologies, Bustos has mastered the He planted alfalfa and along the way, he put in a row of successful operation of a productive four-season farm on his cucumbers. They grew so well, his mother suggested he take 400-year-old family land. some of the excess crop to the Santa Fe Farmers Market. When He not only feeds his family year-round, but sells his crops he sold out, he became inspired to increase his cultivation of at the Santa Fe Farmers Market and to school lunch programs organic produce. in Taos and Española, all while teaching others how farming is done and serving as an advocate of land and water rights. Bustos manages his small, intense farm with the use of cover Standing on a wooden bridge which spans the running ditch, crops; observation of mating habits of pests such as squash Bustos shares that the hand-dug acequia, and his three-and-abugs and aphids; working with bug, bird and plant behavior; half acre Española Valley property sheltered by the Sangre de making use of solar energy through high tech plastic hoop Cristo and Jemez Mountains, are his 400-year-old legacy from houses and cold frames; and rotating and selecting crops for

I

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Don Bustos adjusts the flow of the acequia which is a vital part of farming.

cold hardiness. He regularly rests his fields. He also relies on the system of Biodynamics, a study of lunar rhythm and celestial activity that directs planting. “Don’s an innovator,” says Edmund Gomez, assistant department head for the Extension Economics at New Mexico State University. “He was one of the first certified organic farmers in northern New Mexico. Then he moved on to vegan, that is, using no animal fertilizers or products on his land. He is willing to learn and willing to share his knowledge. When he took some classes at the Sustainable Agriculture Experiment Station at Alcalde, a light bulb went on. ‘I could make a living from this!’ How to know when you are really making a profit is critical. He’s proven we can become sustainable. Don is always the first to lead and now he is working to find the next generation to carry it on,” says Gomez. Bustos has received international recognition for his work and has traveled the world teaching his methods, including visits to Spain, Peru, where he worked with indigenous people; the Middle East and China. In 2006, he was named Farmer of the Year by the New Mexico Organic Commodity Commission; received a James Beard Foundation Leadership Award in 2015; is an Institute for Agriculture Trade Policy Fellow; and was co-director of American Friends for 14 years. In southern New Mexico, he works with the Anthony Water District teaching sustainable agriculture and life skills to at risk youth, an 11-acre economic development project known as Anthony Youth Farm. Altogether, he has mentored as many as 200 small farmers, sharing his methods and advice. “We believe in the same customs of community and cultural practices as our ancestors,” he says. And, throughout the year, his ample harvests of blackberries, asparagus, lettuce, and cherry tomatoes translates that wisdom into a diet of fresh, local, organic produce that New Mexicans can thrive on.

Don Bustos takes a moment from working in the fields.

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FEBRUARY 2018 13


Book Chat BY PHAEDRA GREENWOOD

PLUNDER OF THE ANCIENTS By Lucinda Delaney Schroeder 2014, 248 pages, $22.95, Lyons Press 800-462-6420; www.lyonspress.com This retired FBI undercover agent creates a storyline with incremental rises in tension worthy of a Hollywood screenplay. (I hope she retained her movie rights.) The bad guys are stealing from and/or cheating Native Americans out of sacred ceremonial objects to sell to unscrupulous dealers for thousands of dollars. Schroeder is good at dialogue and description. The widowed Navajo grandmother who owns a sacred medicine bundle is a wisp, “thinner than her shadow.” Schroeder builds an identity as an art dealer, Dana Delany, with wealthy clients in Germany. She carries a gun hidden in her cleavage. Sadly, she is ratted out by two fellow agents, and yet survives. She is invited to attend a Navajo ceremony that leaves her awed and vibrating. Through experiences like these she incorporates the power of Monster Slayer, the ancient spirit that seeks revenge and reprisal against wrongdoers. Think Tony Hillerman meets Joan Wilder in “Romancing the Stone,” and the emerald goes back to the people of Columbia. Or not. Great storytelling.

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LOS ALAMOS REVISITED: A WORKERS' HISTORY By Peter Malmgren and Kay Matthews 2017, 226 pages, $18, Wink Books 505-351-4558; www.winkbooks.com This book, which documents a crucial part of the history of New Mexico, began as an oral history project with 150 archived interviews, not of the brilliant scientists who developed the first atomic bomb in the Los Alamos Labs, but the voices of the technicians, engineers, pipefitters, and other trades people who were grateful to find work to support their families. Out of 500 recruits—some hired from as far away as Austria— only four were local Hispanics. Twenty-three Hispanic homesteaders were shoved off their land and compensated, as a group, with only $4,900. Many workers have since died of work-related illnesses, mostly cancer. Some of their tales are hair raising The workers’ opinions are not a consensus, but a mosaic of mixed feelings. A few good Christians would like to be involved only with non-defense projects, but soon learn that Los Alamos is primarily about weapons. The common attitude boils down to, “We can’t live with it, and can’t live without it.” Five stars!

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EL HERMANO

THE SECRET SIDE OF EMPTY

by Carmen Baca 2017, 236 pages, $16.95 Sherman Asher Publishing 800-234-5308; www.mountain-press.com

By Maria E. Andreau 2014, 336 pages, $16.95, Running Press 800-343-4499; www.runningpress.com

Many books have been written about the secret rites of the Brotherhood known as the Penitentes, an extreme offshoot of Catholicism in Northern New Mexico, but few have revealed such intimate details. The author’s real-life father becomes José, the protagonist in this story. The longabandoned penitente morada where they performed their sacred rituals during Lent was left unused on Baca’s family property after members of the Confradia died or moved away. Baca gathered up the remaining artifacts and her father’s prayer book to create this tale, filled with moving details of life as it was then, close to the land. And witches! Pedro and his primos thought visions of spinning, pulsating fireballs were just myths. Until they are visited by one on the way home from the morada. Pedro’s mother explains that he also has “the gift of sight” handed down from their ancestors: strong intuition and prophetic dreams that she regards as gifts from God, to help others and sometimes save a life. Great storytelling.

This young adult book portrays a senior in high school who sees her “normal” life coming to a dead end because she is “illegal.” Monserrat Thalia, or M.T., has lived her whole childhood in fear of being deported, and puts up with her father’s abuse. She becomes a straight-A student and member of the honor society. Her best friend will be off to college soon, and M.T. can’t even apply for a job because she has no social security number. Then President Obama announces his executive decision on “Dreamers,” teens who were 16 or younger when they came to the States. The author was born in Spain, came first to Mexico and then into the U.S. without papers. Andreau includes contacts for domestic violence and teen suicide prevention. She says the fact that the reader holds this book in her hands and the author was around to write it, is proof of “just how magical and unexpected life can be.” Well done, with compassion and hope.

To submit a book for review: include contact information and where to order.


What’s Hot? The Way You Get Most of Your Electricity

DID YOU KNOW? More than 80 percent of the nation’s electricity is generated by coal, natural gas and nuclear energy. These three energy sources utilize heat (in different ways), which ultimately causes a large turbine to spin. The spinning motion creates the electricity, which is then routed over transmission lines, and eventually delivered to your home.

Here are the basics on one of the most important forces in your everyday life. By Paul Wesslund, National Rural Electric Cooperative Association

W

e depend on electricity 24/7, but have you ever wondered how it’s made, or where it comes from? To understand the basics of something so important to modern life, think about steam from a teakettle and those magnets stuck to your refrigerator door. Magnetic metals in nature attract each other because parts of the atoms that make up those metals want to match up with others. Those restless atomic particles are called electrons—and that’s where we get the word “electricity.” In the early 1800s, a scientist in England named Michael Faraday noticed when he rotated a metal disk through the middle of a horseshoeshaped magnet, he could get electrons to flow together in an electric current. Engineers soon took over and made Faraday’s process really complicated. And really useful. Today, nearly all our electricity comes from turbines that spin a magnet inside a coil of wires. One way to turn those turbines is by heating liquid into steam that forces the turbine to spin, using the same principle that makes a teakettle sing. When you boil water on your stove, that liquid expands more than 1,000 times as it vaporizes. If you’ve ever had your hand burned near boiling water, you’ve felt the power that steam produces. The use of heat to spin a turbine generates more than 80 percent of our electricity using either coal, natural gas or nuclear power.

Coal

Coal is dug from the ground, either near the surface, or from deep underground mines, then

30.4%

generated by coal.

33.8%

19.7%

generated by natural gas.

generated by nuclear energy. Source: Energy Information Administration

is shipped to power plants, often by train. At the power plant site, the coal is stored in large piles on the ground until it is ready to be burned. The coal chunks are crushed into smaller pieces, or even a powder, that is burned in a furnace. The heat from that combustion is used to turn liquid into the steam in a furnace/ boiler that spins the steam turbine/generator producing electricity. Large transformers at the plant boost the voltage of the electricity (while lowering the current and minimizing line loss potential) for shipment across the country through tall transmission lines. As it gets closer to where it will be used, a substation of transformers reduces the voltage to a level that can be safely delivered to a smaller transformer on the utility pole or pad mounted transformer in your yard, decreasing the voltage further for use in your home. As simple as that process sounds, each step is extremely complicated in order to make it as efficient and safe as possible. The furnace burns the coal up to 3,000 degrees Fahrenheit, and the steam it produces gets hotter than 1,000 degrees. Coal contains harmful elements that get captured and removed through sophisticated pollution controls. That environmental equipment can

cost as much as the power plant itself. Coal plants produce about a third of the nation’s electricity.

Natural gas

Ancient plants and animals that died long ago turned into coal, oil and natural gas—that’s why all three are called fossil fuels. Like coal, natural gas comes from the ground, and it can burn in a way that can drive a steam turbine or a natural gas-fired combustion turbine. Unlike coal, you can’t hold it in your hand—it’s a colorless gas, like air, and has to be transported by pipeline. Natural gas can also be piped directly into homes where it can be burned in water heaters and stoves. In a natural gas power plant, specially-designed combustion turbines burn the gas to make them spin, generating the electricity. The way natural gas turbines work is similar to a jet engine, and in fact they are a large, complicated version of what you see hanging on airplane wings. Natural gas electric generation has advantages over coal: The plants are simpler, cheaper to build, require less staff and they can be shut down and powered up more quickly. Natural …continued on page 17

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FEBRUARY 2018 15


Vecinos BY WENDEL SLOAN

I

Country Art at Heart

f you’ve recently picked up a Roosevelt County Electric Cooperative calendar, you’ve just seen the work of Gayle Walker. Not only is she a member of the co-op headquartered in Portales, she also paints the rural scenes on the calendar the co-op prints each year. She and her husband, Bill, live near Arch—a hamlet 15 miles east of Portales. “Some days the geography seems infinite and spiritual, and other days desolate and harsh,” Gayle says. Born in Portales, Gayle and her family moved to Texas, Colorado, then California. After graduating from high school in California, she came to Portales to spend the summer with her grandparents. While there, she met Bill. His mother and her aunt worked together at the telephone company. Bill was stationed in San Diego and was home on leave. Conveniently, San Diego was only a few hours from where she lived in California. “He actually called my parents when he returned to California to ask permission to date me,” Gayle says. “Good move, they loved him before they even met him!” Gayle says their greatest accomplishment during their 47-year marriage is their five kids—all now successful adults. Her hobbies include sewing,

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crafts and gardening. “In this arid environment all I can say about gardening is…challenge accepted!” Gayle smiles. The Walkers—who have high praise for the dedication of electric cooperative employees in even the harshest conditions—are a farming family. This is reflected in Gayle’s art. Her parents moved back to Portales in 1973. At Christmas they gave her a beginning art set. “So, my journey into the artist world began,” she says. “I started painting landscapes because I like being outside. It’s where my world is and it’s what I know on a daily basis.” She paints a variety of subjects, primarily in oil, but still loves landscapes. “I love researching, the process of creating and, of course, the selling or gifting,” she says. Gayle says she has mixed emotions when a painting is finished. “Is it really finished? I also believe I have accomplished something pleasant. “When my works are purchased, I like watching the buyer. They usually circle back to the painting several times and then relate the reason they want the piece.” “I like hearing their story and seeing the emotion it evokes. It always feels good to see someone get a painting and be happy.”

Gayle says her past, present and probably future jobs are all related to being a farmer’s wife, a mother, grandmother, and “all of the experiences this chosen life provides.” “Bill taught his city-girl bride the unusual art of irrigation with a siphon tube, to drive an open air tractor, a grain truck, and to pull peanut trailers, she says.” “I have been through culture and occupational shock several times. Family pulls you through it, or sometimes pushes. Whatever it takes to keep going forward. Fun times!” Gayle inherited her artistic talent from her parents. Her father, Wayne Wallace, was a painting and drywall craftsman, as well as a woodcarver. “He was a true artist with wood.” Her mother, Nelda Wallace, was an artist and art teacher. Her classes were “lessons in art and in life. They really do transcend,” Gayle says. “Lessons such as ‘Make it work’ when there is a problem; ‘Take a different approach and fix it.’” Gayle says she and her siblings were blessed to have parents who loved learning. Neither went to college, but took continuing education classes. “They did the best they could with the tools they had. They tried to make us the best version of ourselves we could be. “I hope my children can say the same of me.”


What's Hot …continued from page 15 gas doesn’t contain as many pollutants as coal, so fewer environmental controls are needed. Natural gas burning also produces less greenhouse gas. In the past, natural gas was more expensive than coal—until the 1990s when fracking and other new drilling techniques flooded the market. Natural gas prices dropped dramatically and many utilities are using it to replace coal generation. Natural gas plants now produce about a third of the nation’s electricity, about the same as coal.

Heat produced by coal, natural gas and nuclear power generates about 80 percent of our electricity. The rest comes mainly from hydroelectricity, solar and wind.

Nuclear

down the level of heat produced, and the nuclear reactor needs to be inside a strong containment building to keep radioactivity out of the atmosphere in the event of a low-probability accident in the reactor core. Another controversy still has not been solved—how to dispose of the spent nuclear fuel, which can stay radioactive for millions of years before the radioactivity is brought down to natu-

A nuclear power plant works basically the same as a coal plant—making steam to spin a turbine and generator. The difference is that instead of burning coal, heat from a nuclear reactor heats the liquid into steam. The basic fuel for a nuclear power plant is uranium, which is mined from the ground. It must then be formulated into expensive and complex fuel components for utility use.

BUILDINGS

are well suited to run all the time. Natural gas has long been considered a fuel for “peak load,” meaning it is used for times of especially high electricity use. But with the drop in natural gas prices, it has become base load for the nation’s electric grid. Heat produced by coal, natural gas and nuclear power generates about 80 percent of our electricity. The rest comes mainly from hydroelectricity, solar and wind.

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rally occurring radioactivity in the environment. Most of the spent fuel is currently stored in pools of water and dry storage casks at the site of the nuclear plant. Nuclear power generates about one-fifth of the nation’s electricity. Coal and nuclear power plants are often referred to as “baseload,” meaning that since we want electricity to be available all the time, those plants

A little uranium can last a long time, making it a promising, incredibly cheap power source. And it produces none of the pollution or greenhouse gas that comes from burning coal or natural gas. But the concentrated radioactivity in the nuclear reactor is potentially so dangerous that complex, expensive safety measures need to be part of any nuclear plant. Highly technical control systems need to be in place to slow or shut

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17


Backyard Trails BY CRAIG SPRINGER

New Mexico’s Underground Wonder: Carlsbad Caverns

I

t’s a good bet you may have heard this before: the stalactites hold tight to the cave ceiling. Stalagmites grow from the ground upward and given enough time, the two might make a column should they meet. We’re speaking of course of cave formations. And Carlsbad Cavern has plenty of them. It’s hard for the mind to fathom the amount of time it has taken to form the caverns into their present shape. Carlsbad Caverns are vast labyrinth of passages large and small with a stunning variety of shapes and colors to see. Ralph Waldo Emerson wrote in rhyme that, “If eyes are made for seeing then beauty is its own excuse for being.” But the irony is palpable here, for were it not for artificial lights, the stunning beauty that is Carlsbad Caverns would go sight unseen. Geologists reason that southeast New Mexico was covered by an unnamed salty sea some 200 million years ago. Layers of limestone laid down by ages of seashells compressed to

All photos courtesy National Park Service, Peter Jones.

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form limestone. The earth’s surface convulsed and tilted leaving fissures to form the beginnings of a cave. With the sea receded, slightly acidic precipitation percolated through the rock to dissolve and form the cave and its art composed of reformulated stone. Stone formations adorn the floor, ceiling and walls in many configurations. Flow stone, sheets of rock have developed over incalculable eons make what appears to be rippled rock pulled by gravity downslope. Lacy white gypsum crystals grow from gray walls; ribbons wave as if blown by wind then frozen in time. The Big Room, a vast unlit darkness reaches 300 feet high and approaches a mile long. The cactus and ocotillo-studded ridges of southeast New Mexico, harsh and foreboding, belie the beauty that lies below. And that is perhaps the allure that we have toward caves. What we see and know above ground lies at odds with the mystery that caves hold for the uninitiated. Carlsbad Caverns is open daily 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. You can walk in from the sinkhole entrance or take an elevator from the visitor center. See www.nps.gov/cave OK, one last time: stalactites are spelled with a ‘c’ and are attached to the ceiling; stalagmites, with a ‘g’ grow from the ground. Now go see them yourself.


EIA Makes First 2019 Predictions By Michael W. Kahn, National Rural Electric Cooperative Association

F

ederal energy officials have made their first forecasts for 2019, and they expect to see modest growth in the nation’s electricity consumption, with a record set for renewables. In its latest Short-Term Energy Outlook, the Energy Information Administration predicts a 1.3 percent consumption increase this year, followed by a rise of just 0.5 percent in 2019. History is expected to be made, with non-hydro renewable energy sources forecast to supply more than 10 percent of the nation’s annual average total generation in 2019. It will be the first time on record that’s happened, EIA said in its January 9 report. EIA expects the price of natural gas for electricity generation will be lower this year than last and will fall even more in 2019. Natural gas should account for 33 percent of generation this year and 34 percent next year, the report said. Those lower natural gas prices, combined with retirements of coal-fired plants, will have an impact on coal’s role. Coal supplied about 30 percent of America’s electricity generation in 2016 and 2017, but EIA expects it will fall to slightly below 30 percent this year and 28 percent next year. Plant operators are telling EIA they plan to retire 13 gigawatts of coal-fired capacity in 2018. Next year’s scheduled retirement of reactors at Pennsylvania’s Three Mile Island and the Pilgrim Nuclear Power Station in Massachusetts will have an impact on nuclear’s share of generation. EIA expects nuclear will account for 19 percent of generation in 2019, down from the 20 percent seen in 2017 and expected again this year.

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FEBRUARY 2018 19


Trading Post

Big Toys

To Place a Classified Ad 1. Type or print ad neatly. 2. Cost is $20 for up to the first 40 words per ad, per category. Each additional word is 50¢. Ads with insufficient funds will not be printed. Ad published once unless paid for several issues. 3. Graphics such as brands or QR codes are an additional $5 to the original cost of ad. 4. Only members of New Mexico electric co-ops may place ads. 5. We reserve the right to reject any advertisement. 6. Ads due the 9th, one month prior. Ex: Ads due February 9 for the March issue. Ads postmarked after the deadline of the 9th will be placed in the next issue. 7. Fill out contact information and select a category: Name:____________________ Address:__________________ Name:____________________ City:______________________ Address:__________________ State:_____ ZIP:_____________ City:______________________ Telephone:________________ State:____ Zip:_____________ Cooperative:_______________ Telephone:________________ Big Toys (Tools______________ & Machinery) Cooperative:_ Country Critters&(Pets) Big Toys (Tools Machinery) LivestockCritters Round-Up Country (Pets)(Livestock) Odd & Ends (Camping, Music, Digital) Livestock Round-Up (Livestock) Roof&Over Head (Real Estate) Odd EndsYour (Camping, Music, Digital) Things That Vroom! (Vehicles) Vintage FindsGo(Antiques & Collectibles)

DRINKING WATER STORAGE TANKS, HEAVY DUTY Black Poly, proven algae resistant. 125 to 11,000 gallons, NRCS and EQUIP approved. Please give us a chance to serve you! MasterCard or Visa accepted. Call 575-682-2308 or 1-800-603-8272. GREAT OFFER ON SOLAR SUBMERSIBLE SHALLOW/ DEEP well pumps! ‘NRCS’ approved with 2-year warranty on selected pumps with affordable, easy installation! Order online at: www.solarsubmersiblewellpumps. com or call 505-429-3093 for a custom quote. You can even also email us at sales@solarsubmersiblewellpumps.com too. 24/7 service. WINDMILL BROKE? THINK SOLAR! SOLUTIONS4U HAS the Solution for you! Solar submersible pumps to meet your needs for watering livestock or off-grid residential. Progressive cavity, centrifugal, and vibrating pumps are available for the most efficient way to pump water. Our systems are NRCS CS-UT-268 compliant! solutions4u@yucca.net or 575-7428050 or www.solutions4u-solar.com OVERHEAD FEED BINS. 1 TO 4 compartment, 12 to 48 tons. Save $45 to $75 per ton bulk vs. sack feed. Cattle Guards, 20 and 40 ft. shipping containers. Emery Welding, Clayton, NM, 575-374-2320. eweld98@yahoo.com FOR SALE: WELDING EQUIPMENT, WELDERS, METAL cutting saws, clamps, bar & rod bender, tanks, cutting torches and more. Manland Metal is retiring. Call 505-269-8179.

Make check or money order payable to NMRECA Advertisements in enchantment are paid solicitations are notor endorsed by theorder Makeand check money publisher or the electric cooperatives of New payable to NMRECA Mexico. PRODUCT SATISFACTION AND DELIVERY RESPONSIBILITY LIE SOLELY WITH THE ADVERTISER.

20 FEBRUARY 2018

NEW MEXICO DRINKING WATER STORAGE TANKS, Heavy Duty Black Poly. Fittings customized to your needs NRCS and EQUIP approved. High Specific Gravity, Heavy Weight, Long Warranty, Algae Resistant, Black NRCS Water Tanks. Call 1-800-603-8272 or 575-682-2308. GRASSFED BEEF: NM 100% GRASSFED BEEF. No hormones. No growth stimulants. Processed to your specifications. From $2.85 per lb. plus processing. Edgewood/Cedar Grove, NM. 505-2860286. Mention this ad for a discount www.moonbeamranch.com QUALITY HAY, MORA AREA. GRASS HAY (orchard Brome mix). Barn stored, not rained on. $7 per bale at my barn. Will deliver, minimum 100 bale load, for additional charge. Call 575-387-5924 or 575-779-7325. NOT ALL WATER TANKS ARE CREATED Equal! Is Quality, Value and Longevity important to you? Buy High Specific Gravity, Heavy Weight, Long Warranty, Superior Black NRCS tanks. Lowest prices only provide minimum standards, lower weights, and shorter warranties. Find out more! 575-430-1010. MOUNTAIN TOP GOATS. BABIES ARE ON the ground. We have Milkers, Bucks, Babies, Pets, Cabrito and Weed Eaters for sale. All 4-H and Show Quality. Nubians, Mini-Nubians, LaManchas, Mini-LaManchas and Nigerian Dwarfs. In Capitan, call 575-354-2846.

ALPACA HERD REDUCTION! WE ARE MOVING and need to place some of our show, breeding and fiber quality alpacas into new homes. Prices start at $500 per animal. Packages are available and very reasonable! Call or text Vivian at 575-430-4882. MINI HORSES FOR SALE. MARES, STUD and Foals. Call 228-265-0632. YOUNG REPLACEMENT EWES-EIGHT MONTHS, GOOD BREEDING Ramboulliet, open face multibirth progeny. Large, lean body frame. Taos County. Call 575-586-1323 or 575-770-2881.

Odds & Ends HEADSTONES (I.E. CEMETERY MONUMENTS) IS OUR BUSINESS. Over 1,000 designs. An eternal memory of a loved one. TAOS MOUNTAIN HERITAGE. Email: taos_mt_heritage@msn.com or call 575-770-2507. Or visit our website: www.taosmountainheritage.com BEEKEEPING EQUIPMENT: APPROXIMATELY 200 MED. SUPERS with frames, $5 each. 9 frame radial extractor-hand cranked, $550. 4 frame SS extractor with swinging baskets-hand cranked, $450. Other equipment available. Call Don Mason at 575-623-4858, Roswell, NM or cell: 575-626-7708. 2003 KEYSTONE 5TH WHEEL CAMPER FOR sale. 1 large slide out, sleeps six people. Large under storage, used very little. In good condition. Asking price $10,500. Call 575-673-2405.

HAYGRAZER-WARNER SWEET BEE, QUALITY HAY, NOT rained on. $85 ton or $50 bale in the field. 4’x6’ round bales only. 30 miles SE of Portales, same being, 35 miles SW of Muleshoe, TX. Call 575760-4223 or 575-273-4220.

CHECK OUT THE METAL DEPOTS ad in the enchantment for metal building and roofing needs, or visit metaldepots.com

COFFINS, CASKETS & URNS. Simple, Natural, Unique. Shipping or delivery available. Call 505-286-9410 for FREE funeral information. Visit our website at www. theoldpinebox.com

AUSTRALIAN CATTLE DOG 3 MONTH OLD puppies. 10th generation of working line. Rare white colored. All vax, dewormed and microchipped. Females $450, maies $350. Application form required. Call 505-615-6455.

CIRCLE A FARMS AND SUPPLY IN Capitan, NM has premium quality Hay and Feed. We are a dealer for Farmway Feeds. Alfalfa, Wheat Hay, Oat Hay, Sweet Cane Hay, Grass Hay, in 2 string bales, round bales, and large square bales. Loading and delivery available. Weather King portable buildings dealer and American Steel Carports. Come check out all we have to offer. Lincoln County’s most experienced and best priced for your animal feed needs. Call 575-491-7518.

FOR SALE: 2 MALE BORDER COLLIE puppies. Born 12/01/17. Registered, excellent bloodlines. Both parents work cattle and sheep on our ranch. Located in northeastern New Mexico. Asking $350 each. Call 575-375-2972.

MANZANO ANGUS BULL SALE. MARCH 20TH, 2018. 150+ Stout Angus Bulls. 40 PAP tested 2 year old bulls. Reliable calving ease and efficient growth. Sale is located near Estancia. Call Bill at 505705-2856 or visit manzanoangus.com

1974 INTERNATIONAL 1700, NEW 392 MOTOR, new clutch, new 5-speed trans., new windshield, new tires, new seats, new paint inside and out, new PTO, two 50-gallon saddle tanks. Ready to work. $9,000. Call 575-420-8738.

Country Critters

Vintage Collectibles) Roof OverFinds Your(Antiques Head (Real& Estate) When Opportunity Knocks Things That Go Vroom! (Vehicles) (Business & Employment) When Opportunity Knocks 8. Mail your ad and payment to: (Business & Employment) NMRECA 614 Don Gaspar Avenue Santa Fe, NM 87505

Livestock Round-Up

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FOR SALE: SUNSETTER AWNING, 10X20. VERY good condition. Call 575-375-2314.

ESTATE LIQUIDATION -FISHING. OVER 10,000 LURE components, spoons, blades, hooks. 1,000 commercial lures, 500 homemade. Over 100 rods some custom, bench mounted tools, tackle boxes, reels, includes flys and materials. $7,500. Located in west Central Texas. Call David at 325-365-1020. CASKETS: HANDMADE NATURAL CASKETS ONLY $399. Call Dave. Leave a message at 575-666-2140 or 505-652-0106. Located near Wagon Mound, New Mexico on Route #271.


YOUR ONE STOP SHOP FOR: WATER WELL • WINDMILL SOLAR • ELECTRICAL Installations • Repairs and Supplies Call Today for Freedom with SERVICES (COMMERCIAL • INDUSTRIAL • RESIDENTIAL) STAND ALONE SOLAR SYSTEMS (575) 895-3306 3 9th St., Hillsboro, NM 88042

that PRODUCE and STORE ELECTRICITY.

• New Construction and Remodel for Solar, General Electrical, Water Well and Windmill Systems • Customized Stand Alone Solar Designs for both Water Systems and Electrical Systems • Supply, Test and Service Water Pump Systems • Maintenance and Repair • Water Purification Systems • Parking Lot Lighting nmwatersupplyinc @ gmail . com

Roof Over Your Head 160 ACRES IN TP WITH ELK Permit. Section 52 Northeast corner. State land on North border. Federal land on West border. Old root cellar on land. $150,000 OBO. Call 575-770-1932. 40 FENCED ACRES; 2300 SQUARE FOOT, 3 bedroom, 2 bath home. BLM 2 sides, solar well, shop, bunkhouse, storage shed, chicken house. Fruit tree orchard, cultivated field and garden, Columbus Electric service and 600 gallon propane tank. 1100 foot triangular loop ham radio antenna. Near Rodeo, NM/Portal, AZ. $224,000. email: westernoutback1@yahoo.com or call: 520-558-1187. CONCHAS, 000 BOAT DOCK DRIVE. VACANT land just over 1/2 acre. Water access at high mark. $49,000. Big Mesa Realty, 575-4562000, Paul Stout, Broker NMREL 17843, 575-760-5461, www.bigmesarealty.com CONCHAS, 0000 BOAT DOCK DRIVE. VACANT land just over 1/2 acre. Water access at high mark. $49,000. Big Mesa Realty, 575-456-2000, Paul Stout, Broker NMREL 17843, 575-760-5461, www.bigmesarealty.com

CONCHAS, TBD BIG MESA AVENUE. IMPROVED high level waterfront lot with septic on .83 acres. $98,000. Big Mesa Realty, 575456-2000, Paul Stout, Broker NMREL 17843, www.bigmesarealty.com or 575-760-5461. WEST OF CONCHAS/GARITA, 134 PAISANO. 1 bedroom, 1 bath home with 1 bath guesthouse. Just over 7 acres. $34,000. Big Mesa Realty, 575-456-2000, Paul Stout, Broker NMREL 17843, 575-7605461, www.bigmesarealty.com CONCHAS, 7543 NM 104. 3 BEDROOM, 2 bath double-wide with sunroom on 2.91 acres, detached garage, carport, outbuildings, chain link fence with remote gate. Highway frontage with commercial potential. $135,000. Big Mesa Realty, 575-456-2000, Paul Stout, Broker NMREL 17843, 575-760-5461, www.bigmesarealty.com GRADY, 300 MARSHALL. 3 BEDROOM, 2 bath, attached carport, horse property on almost one acre, village water. $59,000. Big Mesa Realty, 575-456-2000, Paul Stout, Broker NMREL 17843, 575-7605461, www.bigmesarealty.com TORREON, NEW MEXICO. 30 MILES TO I-40. 1200 square feet on 1/2 acre on Highway 55. Fishing, hiking, camping, hunting. Call 1-505-705-5239.

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FENCE LAKE, 295 PINE HILL ROAD. 2 bedroom, 3 bath log home on just over 60 acres, well, outbuildings, corrals, hunting opportunities. $385,000. Big Mesa Realty, 575-456-2000, Paul Stout, Broker NMREL 17843, 575-760-5461, www.bigmesarealty.com WANTED! FARMS AND RANCHES. LET US list and sell your rural property today. Broker has over 40 years experience in production agriculture and is a farm owner. Big Mesa Realty, 575-456-2000, Paul Stout, Broker NMREL 17843, 575760-5461, www.bigmesarealty.com THANK YOU FOR ALL YOUR BUSINESS. The March classified deadline is Februray 9. Get your ad in today. Thank you. FOR SALE, LEASE OR SEASONAL RENTAL. Corner property in Mosquero Village on Scenic Route 39, SR39. Historic Adobe garage and Cottage (kitchen, bath). Both structures need restoration work. Call owner, 347-469-8107 or email: bcman0809@yahoo.com SOUTHWESTERN STYLE ADOBE HOME. 2500 SQUARE feet, 2 bedroom, 2 bath, R-57 insulation, 2 fireplaces, vigas and corbels. 7 acres fenced in northwest Tucumcari. $210,000. Owner will finance with 10% down. Can text photos. Call 575-403-5936.

FOR SALE: 21 ACRE PECAN FARM. Las Cruces, New Mexico 88005. 2 wells, Elephant Butte irrigation water rights, concrete ditches. $598,000. Possible owner financing. Call Henry at 575-647-0320. LINCOLN COUNTY. 11 ACRES, WOODS AND meadow next to National forest. Excellent hunting area. Excellent views. National forest trails, hiking and horseback. Perfect for retirement, mild climate. Discount for cash. 505-281-2598.

Things That Go Vroom! OLDIES BUT GOODIES! 1989 S10 CHEVY Pickup, 4x4, automatic, power steering, power brakes, V6, with camper shell. 1999 GMC Suburban, 4-door, 4x4, power steering, power brakes, air conditioning, 350 V8, cloth interior, very clean. Call Lee Cordova, 505-469-0181. 2006 DODGE RAM 2500 LARAMIE MEGA Cab, leather, 5.9 Cummins, auto trans, 4x4, clean Carfax, absolutely beautiful truck, $26,950. Or 2008 Dodge Ram 3500 Mega Cab, SLT, Dual wheels, 6.7 Cummins, auto trans, $27,950. See pictures www.uniqueenterprises.com or call 505-832-5106.

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2001 DODGE RAM 2500 SLT 4X4 V10 gas engine, power windows/locks, 228,000 miles, full size bed cap, Nerf Bar running boards, new seat covers front and back, some hail dents on hood. $4,400. Call 575-799-8514. 2012 FORD F350 KING RANCH, CREW cab, dually, 4x4, 6.7 Powerstroke, 126,000 miles, $35,950. Or 2007 Ford F150 Lariat, crew cab, 4x4, camper shell, leather, only 88,000 miles, $18,950. See pictures at www.uniqueenterprises.com or call 505-832-5106. 2008 CHEVY 2500 LTZ, DURAMAX, ALLISON trans, crew cab, short bed, 4x4, DPF Delete, $26,950. Or 2009 Nissan Titan XE, crew cab, 4x4, one owner, nice truck, $15,950. See pictures www.uniqueenterprises.com or call 505-832-5106. 2013 FORD EXPLORER XLT, LEATHER, NAV., 4x4, very nice SUV, $17,950. Or 2003 Chevy Silverado 2500, crew cab, short bed, Duramax, 4x4, $12,950. See pictures www.uniqueenterprises.com or call 505-832-5106. 2013 CHEVY EQUINOX, LT, FWD, LOW miles, nice, $14,950. Or 2011 Hyundai Tuscon Limited, AWD, loaded, very nice car, $12,950. Call 505-832-5106. See pictures www.uniqueenterprises.com

22 FEBRUARY 2018

866.215.5333 . wi-power.com Wi-Power Internet serves the following cities: Deming, Edgewood, Elephant Butte, Las Cruces, Maxwell, Moriarty, Mountainair, Raton, Sandia Park, Silver City, Socorro, Springer,Truth or Consequences and many of their surrounding communities.

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Interested in a larger ad in the enchantment? Try a display ad. Call 505-982-4671 today.

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*Services provided by TransWorld Network, Corp. Not available in all areas. With approved credit. Restrictions, terms, & conditions apply. Taxes, regulatory, installation/activation, surcharges & other charges not included. Call for details or visit www.wi-power.com or www.twncorp.com for additional information and for terms and conditions of services. Customers on qualifying internet plans may receive maximum download speeds ranging from 1.5 Mbps to 15.0 Mbps. Actual download speeds will vary. 2. Wi-Power Phone not available with satellite Internet. Minimum 512 Kbps Internet connection speed required. International call rates apply. Unlimited calling applies to local and long distance calls within the contiguous United States. Digital Phone 911 Service operates differently than traditional 911. See http://www.wi-power.com/911.html for information. Unlimited usage subject to “fair and normal” usage limitations as described in terms and conditions. **Offer expires April 30, 2018. Free installation available on a one year term Internet plan. Certain terms and conditions apply. Offer available for new customers. With approved credit.

2015 RAM 2500 LARAMIE, CREW CAB, short bed, 4x4, leather, new Michelin tires, nice truck! Or 2013 Ram 2500 Tradesman, crew cab, 4x4, 6.7 Cummins, fully deleted, one owner, excellent service records, high miles, excellent shape, $21,950. See pictures www.uniqueenterprises.com or call 505-832-5106. 2008 DODGE RAM 1500 SLT, CREW cab, Hemi, auto trans, 4x4, one owner, very well taken care of, $11,950. Or 2005 Cadillac Escalade, AWD, $10,950. See pictures www.uniqueenterprises.com or call 505-832-5106.

Vintage Finds B & C TRADING COMPANY. NOW open for business. Buying, selling, trading authentic antique Western Colonial memorabilia, saddles, spurs, bronzes, Navajo tapestries, jewelry, rare collectibles. Cash paid for antique firearms! Open 10-5, Monday-Saturday. 397 Highway 518, Mora, NM. Call 512-571-7733. WANT TO INCLUDE A DISPLAY AD in the enchantment. Call 505-982-4671 today.

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BUYING OLD STUFF: GAS PUMPS AND parts 1960’s or earlier, advertising signs, neon clocks, old car parts in original boxes, motor oil cans, license plate collections, Route 66 items, old metal road signs, odd and weird stuff. Fair prices paid. Have pickup, will travel. Gas Guy in Embudo, 505-852-2995. RAILROAD ITEMS WANTED: KEROSENE LANTERNS, BRASS locks, keys, badges, uniforms, bells, whistles, and pre-1950 employee timetables. Always seeking items from any early New Mexico railroad, especially D&RG, C&S, EP&NE, EP&SW, AT&SF, SP or Rock Island. Call Randy Dunson at 575-356-6919 or 575-760-3341. SHOPPING FOR A TABLE? WE HAVE a beautiful, custom-made 8-foot pine table with decorative inlay and large turned legs at Rough Rider Antiques in Las Vegas. (The top removes for easy transport.) Also on display: 2 chrome and formica tables; a 5-legged oak table; an art deco design table with 2 chairs; chests of drawers, dressers and buffets-some formal, some in happy colors. The store has art for your walls and rugs for your halls. New dealers and ever-changing inventory. You never know what you will find. Open 7 days. Across from the historic train depot and Fred Harvey hotel. 501 Railroad and East Lincoln. 505-454-8063.

WANTED: NEW MEXICO MOTORCYCLE LICENSE PLATES 1912-1959. Paying $100-$500 each. Also buying some New Mexico car plates 1900-1923. WANTED: New Mexico Highway Journal magazine, 1923-1927, New Mexico Automobile License Directory (”The Zia Book”), Motor Vehicle Register books, 1900-1949. See the New Mexico Transportation History Project website NMplates.com for 2,500+ color photographs and 100+ year history of New Mexico license plates. Bill Johnston, Box 1, Organ, NM 88052-0001. Email: Bill@NMplates.com or telephone 575-382-7804.

When Opportunity Knocks WORK FROM HOME OR ANYWHERE. SIMPLY return calls. No selling, not MLM, not a business. 14 year old organization. Full training and support. $500+ per week. Call 505-685-0966. MEDINA’S WELDING & REPAIR, MIG & Tig Welding. Mild steel, stainless steel and aluminum. Call Tony Medina at 720-2312477 or email: bertmedina@ymail.com


Wacky Hand Shadows Oh, what a bunch of fun Wacky Hand Shadow drawings! Looks like you all had a good time. For March's topic, Galaxy and Space, sprint to the school library and find images of galaxy and space that you can draw. Let's draw our feathered friends a home. So for April, Bird Houses, draw unique-shaped and colorful bird houses. How about an airplane or piano bird house? Be creative and have fun.

Send Your Drawing by Email: We accept Youth Art drawings by email. Send jpg file and required information by the 9th to: enchantment@nmelectric.coop

Remember: Print your name, age, mailing address, phone number, and co-op name on your drawings. Otherwise, your drawings are disqualified. Remember: color, dark ink or pencil on plain white 8.50 x 11.00 size paper is best. Accept artwork up to age 13. Mail to: Youth Editor, 614 Don Gaspar Avenue, Santa Fe, NM 87505. Entries must be here by the 9th of the month before publication. Each published artist receives $10 for his or her work.

Jacob Angel, Age 9, Socorro

Aaden Cordova, Age 7, El Prado

Pierce Fudge, Age 6, Roy

Freya Hansen, Age 5, Socorro

Christopher Lopez, Age 6, Vadito

Stella Dean Lopez, Age 11, Vadito

Quinn Terry, Age 5, Logan

Simon Vigil, Age 6, Vadito

Walter Trujillo, Age 9, Vadito

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2018 February enchantment  

Feature story: Don Bustos: Farmer, Innovator, Mentor.

2018 February enchantment  

Feature story: Don Bustos: Farmer, Innovator, Mentor.