Law school dean to step down, rejoin faculty in 2024By ashley Zhu News Editor
Emory University School of Law Dean Mary Anne Bobinski has decided to step down from her position and return to a full-time faculty role in summer 2024, Provost and Executive Vice President for Academic Affairs Ravi Bellamkonda announced on March 14. The University will launch a national search for the next dean in the coming weeks.
Bobinski, who has served as dean since August 2019, was the first woman to hold the title in the law school’s over 100-year history. Asa Griggs Candler Professor of Law and Associate Dean for Research Margo Bagley (96L) wrote in an email to the Wheel that she was on the search committee that first identified Bobinski, adding that she “thoroughly enjoyed” working with the outgoing dean. University President Gregory Fenves wrote in a March 14 press release that he is “grateful” Emory will continue to benefit from her knowledge as a faculty member.
"Dean Bobinski has led the Emory University School of Law with a deep understanding of the trends in the legal profession," Fenves wrote in a March 14 press release. "She has made forward-thinking decisions, recruiting a talented and diverse faculty while engaging alums across the country.”
Bobinski earned her bachelor’s degree and juris doctorate degree at the State University of New York at Buffalo and her master of laws degree at Harvard Law School (Mass.).
She previously worked at the University of Houston Law Center as the John and Rebecca Moores Professor of Law and director of the Health Law and Policy Institute. In 2003, she moved to Canada to teach at the University of British Columbia Peter A. Allard School of Law, where she also served as dean until 2015.
1,095: Three years of COVID-19 response at Emory
A dozen new faculty members were hired during Bobinski’s tenure at Emory, including both senior- and entry-level recruits with a variety of legal expertise.
The law school also began recruiting faculty members who focus on the legal aspects of artificial intelligence technology as a part of the University’s AI.Humanity initiative.
“I have been honored to lead the Emory Law community through a period of transformation and growth and my colleagues and I look forward to advancing our plans to support students, attract outstanding new faculty and enhance the law school’s national standing and impact over the coming year while preparing for a leadership transition,” Bobinski wrote in the March 14 press release.
Bagley noted that Bobinski smoothly navigated the law school through “unprecedented times and choppy waters” with wisdom, calm confidence and a dry humor.
“She has overseen the hiring of a new cadre of faculty that will transform the law school and has rightly focused on improving the student experience and outcomes in important ways,” Bagley wrote.
Emory School of Law
Distinguished Professor Thomas Arthur said he recently spoke with Bobinski, recalling that she felt that the law school is “in a good place now.”
“If she was going to have a time stepping down, this was a good time to do it, in which the school would have a whole year to do a search without having to have an [interruption],” Arthur said. “She would still be there to keep doing the job while ready for sort of a seamless transfer to a new successor without this kind of interim dean problem.”
Arthur added that Bobinski’s role as dean is difficult, physically exhausting and feels like a 24/7 job.By Matthew ChupaCk and Madi Olivier Editor-in-Chief and Managing Editor
Three years ago, Emory University joined higher education institutions across the country in announcing that, after an extended spring break, classes would switch to online, marking the start of Emory’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Since that day, students have experienced countless cancellations and policy changes — some bolstered protective measures aimed at reducing the spread of COVID-19, while others relaxed regulations to regain a sense of normalcy as cases decreased.
Below is an abbreviated timeline of the University’s approach to managing the COVID-19 pandemic. A full version can be found on emorywheel.com.
remote learning on March 23, 2020.
Residence halls closed their doors for the rest of the academic year, forcing students to put their college lives on hold and return home, sparking concern among low-income and international students.
“I wouldn’t have anywhere to go, or the means to get there,” Adric Tenuta (21C) told the Wheel at the time. “Emory is the only institutionalized safety net that exists in my life at this point. If I’m not in class, I would be placed in further precarity.”
Matthew Nails (22C) recalled that alongside being sent home to Zoom classes, he had to deal with cancellations such as his planned concert choir trip to Germany and France.
Emory canceled the remainder of the intercollegiate competition and activities in the spring 2020 semester. Under the decision, the indoor track and field and men’s and women’s swimming and diving teams did not compete at their national competitions. The University also canceled all intramural programming for the rest of the spring semester.
Varsity swimmer Caroline Maki (23C) reflected on the day everything shut down in 2021, three days before the team was set to compete in their national meet, which left many of her teammates without closure. She said grief was the first emotion everyone felt.
“That was the first and only time that I've seen everybody on my team cry, including our coaching staff,” Maki said. “It was just really sad.”
“I was happy for her personally,
March 11, 2020: Emory extends spring break, announces switch to virtual classes March 11, 2020 marked the first day of COVID-19’s influence on campus when students received an email from former interim Provost and Executive Vice President for Academic Affairs Jan Love, who wrote that spring break would be extended to March 22, 2020 and all classes would transition to
“All the things that people were looking forward to also just were ripped up, rightfully so because this pandemic, but also it was difficult to do that and then just expect to jump right back in school after only having one additional week,” Nails said.
March 23, 2020: Students attend first day of virtual classes
Although nobody could estimate the length of COVID-19’s impact at the time, the email marked the start of Emory’s three-year-long response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
March 12, 2020: Varsity sports, intramurals cancel rest of season
See EMORY, Page 3
On March 23, 2020, students attended their first Zoom classes for Emory, something that would become a habit for some over the course of the next year and a half. However, Nails said the change posed some challenges, especially because his family did not understand his college lifestyle See
Emory to establish Latinx, veterans employee resource groupsBy spenCer Friedland News Editor
Emory University Human Resources will launch two new Employee Resource Groups — the Emory Latinx Employee Resource Network (eLERN) and the Emory Veterans Employee Network (EVEN) — in the coming months, according to Emory News Center.
This comes after the department launched the Emory Black Employee Network (EBEN) and the Emory Pride Employee Network (EPEN) in February 2022.
The Office of Diversity, Equity and Inclusion was also consulted on the development of the new resource groups, according to Senior Manager of Recognition and Engagement
EVEN co-Chair Andrew West (93C), who is also the executive center administrator for the Georgia Clinical and Translational Science Alliance, said he decided to become a resource group chair due to his history of supporting veterans, including at Emory. He helped start the annual Emory Veterans Day ceremony in 2008. Years later, West joined a campus life committee that was focused on veterans and helping ROTC cadets.
“This seems like sort of a natural progression and represents Emory's continued efforts to try to support veterans and veteran students,” West said.
Forming the veteran resource group is an important step to help
and recognize veterans in the Emory community, West said. Although about 7.6% of Georgians are veterans, he said the population is not represented on campus. West explained that this is not due to a lack of veterans, but instead people choosing to not self-identify as a veteran.
“It's kind of against our nature to seek recognition,” West said. Additionally, West said it is vital for the group to recognize veterans’ families.
“I don't think people realize the sacrifice that families put forward for veterans,” West said. “When a veteran goes away, goes overseas, all their responsibilities fall on the people that are still at home, and I know from personal experience that
See RESOURCE, Page 2
Howard Lamar remembered as a 'good friend to many'pen C er F riedland News Editor
Historian and former Yale University (Conn.) President Howard Lamar (45C) died on Feb. 22 at 99 years old.
He is survived by his daughter Sarah Lamar (91L) and three grandchildren.
Howard Lamar was born on an Alabama cotton plantation to a family including two former U.S. Supreme Court justices — Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar (1845C) and Joseph Rucker Lamar — and the second president of the Republic of Texas, Mirabeau Buonaparte Lamar.
According to Sarah Lamar, her father’s aunt said he “needed” to apply to Emory University and drove him to tour the campus. Howard Lamar decided to enroll in the Emory College of Arts and Sciences, which had a profound impact on him, Sarah Lamar said.
Her father was fascinated with the West, and the late Charles Howard Candler Professor of American Social History Harvey Young and the late Dean of Alumni Prentice Miller (27C, 28G) reportedly encouraged that interest.
Howard Lamar also received an honorary degree from Emory in 1975.
He later accepted an invitation by former University President James Laney to chair the Emory Visiting Committee for the Arts and Sciences in 1980, one year after former Coca-Cola Company President Robert Woodruff (1912C) and his brother George Woodruff donated $105 million to Emory, University Historian Emeritus Gary Hauk (91G) wrote in an email to the Wheel. The committee evaluated and strengthened academics at Emory.
The committee suggested that the University hire young assistant and associate professors to help Emory achieve higher goals. They also pushed Emory to open a neurosciences division, an immunobiology program and a comprehensive cancer center — all of which
exist today, Hauk noted in his book, “Where Courageous Inquiry Leads: The Emerging Life of Emory University.”
“Howard Lamar was not only a superb historian but also a deft academic administrator, distinguished Emory alumnus and good friend to many at Emory,” Hauk wrote.
Sarah Lamar said father’s positive experience at Emory inspired her to attend the Emory School of Law.
“The Emory community sends our condolences to his family and friends, as well as the countless others who benefited from his leadership and mentorship,” Assistant Vice President of University Communications and Marketing Laura Diamond wrote in an email to the Wheel.
After his undergraduate years at Emory, Howard Lamar earned his Ph.D. at Yale, where he taught
American Western History for almost 40 years and served as chair of the history department. His class covered North American history until the 1950s, beginning with Indigenous communities in North America and exploring transnational migrations that shaped the continent.
He later served as dean of Yale College from 1979 to 1985 and took on the role of acting university president in 1992. Howard Lamar held the position until 1993.
During his career at Yale, Howard Lamar is credited with revolutionizing the study of the American West. He challenged historian Frederick Jackson Turner’s influential “frontier thesis” and argued for a more critical examination of the power struggles that occurred during the development of the West.
Howard R. Lamar Professor of History and American Studies
“He was always trying to encourage and, in many ways, be a cheerleader for his kids and a lot of people who worked with him as a professor would say the same thing about his encouragement of them.”— Sarah Lamar (91L)
at Yale Ned Blackhawk wrote in an email to the Wheel that Hoard Lamar worked to “deepen the intellectual currents and scholarly infrastructure” of Western history.
“He had a particularly profound influence on his students, several of whom became founding figures
of the ‘New Western History’ of the early 1990s,” Blackhawk wrote. “He trained more than a generation of U.S. western historians, several of whom would also become prominent Native American historians.”
During his career, Howard Lamar published six books about the American West. Sarah Lamar said that writing one of his books — “The New Encyclopedia of the American West” — was her father’s proudest accomplishment.
In 2000, Yale founded the Howard R. Lamar Center for the Study of Frontiers and Borders to advance scholarship on the American West and honor his contributions to the field.
Holding the title of Yale president was the “role of a lifetime” that capped off Howard Lamar’s career, Sarah Lamar said.
“Where he probably had the most sense of accomplishment was in the diaspora, if you will, of guiding and encouraging and helping graduate students at Yale go out into the nation and be placed at great universities all over America to teach and carry on the work of Western history,” Sarah Lamar said.
Sarah Lamar added that her father was very kind, generous and always had time to help students with their work.
Her father advised about 60 dissertations during his time as a history professor at Yale.
“He was always trying to encourage and, in many ways, be a cheerleader for his kids and a lot of people who worked with him as a professor would say the same thing about his encouragement of them,” Sarah Lamar said. “The other thing that I could take away from my dad, and others would as well, would be just being a good person and being kind to others and doing it with humility and not screaming from the rafters that you're doing good things. He was very quiet in the way that he helped people and his generosity and his kindness to others.”
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Resource groups aim support faculty, staff communities
Continued from Page 1 if I didn't have a family, I don't know who would have taken care of all my affairs while I was away.”
Associate Dean for Leadership and Senior Lecturer of Organization and Management P.K. Keen, who is a retired lieutenant general, serves as the faculty advisor for EVEN. After spending 38 years in the military, he currently teaches at Goizueta Business School and has worked with other Atlanta nonprofits focused on veteran issues.
EVEN will help veterans in the Emory community transition back into civilian life by helping them find jobs with initiative such as resume building and professional development courses, according to Keen.
“This is a great step for the University to recognize our veterans in this way and provide the support that's needed for them to thrive as a member of our community,” Keen said.
Emory Police Department Sergeant and eLERN co-Chair Christian Theis said he got involved with the resource groups because of his desire to build a Latinx commu-
nity at Emory.
“Even though I've had a good experience, I haven't really been able to connect too much with many of the Latinx groups here on campus, especially not employees,” Theis said.
Theis added that eLERN will host programs to assist Latinx faculty and staff in professional development and networking.
“The main thing, especially since we're brand new, is just to set up that foundation and kind of set up that space for Latinx staff to meet and connect,” Theis said.
Morgan said that she was involved in the process of forming both the new and the previously established resource groups, from helping develop a framework for what the resource groups would look like to helping pilot and expand the groups.
University employees were asked to fill out a feedback survey about their interest in joining resource groups in June 2021. According to the 1,001 responses, the most desired areas of focus were professional development and mentoring, mutual support and increasing awareness of activities and initiatives across Emory. Additionally,
the survey found that the “most needed” groups at Emory were for Black employees, women, the LGBTQ community, young professionals, caregivers and employees with disabilities. The Black and LGBTQ resource groups were established less than a year later.
professionals in July 2022, which is National Minority Mental Health Awareness Month. Morgan said the event was very well received.
EPEN has held social activities and educational meetings surrounding transgender education, as well as ongoing research projects at Emory that impact the LGBTQ community.
Morgan said the group organized a pitstop for the AIDS Vaccine 200, a biking event dedicated to finding a cure for AIDS.
West said he has been impressed by the work that the current employee resource groups have accomplished. He added that it is “fantastic” that the University is financially supporting the resource groups. Emory Human Resources is also encouraging the groups to support and learn from each other, West said.
respondents said that they would recommend the resource group program to a colleague, Morgan said. She added that Emory hopes to establish resource groups for Asian American Pacific Islander employees and employees with disabilities in the future.
Emory will host “ERGs at Emory: Meet Your Chairs, Share Your Voice!” on March 16 to allow employees to share their input on the resource groups.
Morgan said that in a post-pandemic world these new resource groups have given faculty and staff a chance to connect and build community.
EBEN held a professional development program called “Securing Your Next Bag” in November 2022, which included a series of workshops centered around interviewing skills, resume development and personal coaching. Additionally, the group had a discussion with mental health
Morgan conducted a second survey during summer 2022 with members of the Black and LGBTQ resource groups to gauge their satisfaction with the groups’ first semester. The survey found that 86% of respondents said they felt more connected to Emory as a result of participating in their resource group, and 97% of
“We've also observed a number of new employees to Emory join these groups,” Morgan said. “As you can imagine, especially with many of our employees working in a hybrid work scenario these days, they don't always have that day to day interaction with others or as broad of an interaction with a variety of people, so that's been helpful.”
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"This seems like sort of a natural progression and represents Emory's continued efforts to try to support veterans and veteran students.”
— Andrew West (93C)
Emory community reflects on past years disrupted by COVID-19
Continued from Page 1
of studying until 3 a.m. and napping when he could. This was especially difficult, he said, because his mom was a nurse working with COVID-19 patients.
June 11, 2020: Fall 2020 to be in person, conclude after Thanksgiving
Then-outgoing University President Claire Sterk and then-University President-elect and current President Gregory Fenves announced on June 11, 2020 that the fall 2020 semester would be held in-person, with students returning to campus on Aug. 19, 2020 without breaks until Thanksgiving, foregoing the typical Labor Day and fall breaks, when students would have an online exam period. The University planned on holding nearly one-third of classes remotely.
Students were also set to return to an altered campus life, per the announcement. Dining, for example, was set to be spread outside in tents to mitigate large gatherings and promote airflow. Additionally, Sterk and Fenves wrote that tuition would be applied uniformly across in-person and online course formats.
July, 17, 2020: Emory reverses course on fall plan, significantly reduces campus capacity
In a reversal of their June 11, 2020 announcement that all students would return for in-person classes, Fenves and Sterk announced on July 17, 2020 that only certain students would be invited back to campus, while the majority of classes would move online. Residential students included first-year, international and new transfer students, some seniors finishing Honors work, scholarship recipients whose programs stipulated on-campus housing and students who were approved to remain on campus. Only one student was placed in each room.
Aug. 20, 2020: Emory requires mandatory testing for residential students
Residential students were required to participate in follow up COVID-19 testing to evaluate the effectiveness of Emory’s health protocols, per an Aug. 20, 2020 announcement to students.
Nov. 16, 2020: Moderna vaccine tested at Emory deemed effective Monderna released an analysis on Nov. 16, 2020 showing that their mRNA-1273 vaccine, which was co-developed by researchers at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) and
Moderna, Inc. and tested by Emory’s Vaccine and Treatment Evaluation Unit, was 94.5% effective at preventing COVID-19. Emory was the second site in the United States to enroll participants in Phase 1 of the mRNA-1273 vaccine study and later enrolled about 700 people as part of the Phase 3 trial, called the COVE study.
Dec. 20, 2020: Emory Healthcare administers first COVID-19 vaccines to frontline workers
Emory University Hospital Nurse Manager Nicole Baker became the first Emory Healthcare employee to be vaccinated against COVID-19 on Dec. 20, 2020, kicking off Phase 1 of vaccinations for the University, which included health care workers and longterm care residents.
Assistant Professor of Medicine at Emory Saint Joseph’s Hospital Ingrid Pinzon Quiroga called receiving the vaccine a “relief.”
“To the people that are not in the medical field, they don’t know how we feel, how afraid we are,” Quiroga told the Wheel at the time. “The fact that I got the vaccine, it takes away that feeling.”
March 24, 2021: Emory to invite all students to campus for fall 2021
Following an academic year where only first-years were permitted to reside on campus, Fenves announced on March 24, 2021 that the University would allow all students to return to campus in fall 2021. Fenves cited the increasingly available COVID-19 vaccines in his announcement but did not specify if being vaccinated against COVID-19 would be a requirement ahead of fall 2021 move-in.
April 19, 2021: Emory to require students to be vaccinated for COVID-19 for fall 2021
Fenves announced on April 19, 2021 that all students would be required to be vaccinated against COVID-19 to attend Emory in fall 2021. In a COVID-19 vaccine survey conducted before the announcement, 73.42% of responding students reported that they “strongly support” Emory requiring students to be fully vaccinated for fall 2021. Additionally, 51.43% of students reported that they had already received their first dose and 30.62% were fully vaccinated.
May 11, 2021: Emory Athletics welcome back UAA competition in fall 2021
The UAA announced on May 11, 2021 that conference competition would resume in fall 2021, meaning
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Emory could begin competing against schools across the country. In Spring 2021 Emory only played against local teams to minimize travel during the pandemic.
May 20, 2021: University lifts mask requirement in outdoor settings
St. Clair announced on May 20, 2021 that Emory would no longer require masks in outdoor spaces, but would still require masks in indoor spaces “regardless of vaccination status.” He advised unvaccinated individuals to continue wearing masks outdoors.
June 7, 2021: Emory to lift COVID-19 screening requirement for vaccinated individuals
The University ceased requiring fully-vaccinated students to “conduct regular asymptomatic screening testing” on June 7, 2021, shifting from the University’s previous requirement that on-campus students must get tested weekly. St. Clair announced the change on June 3.
Maylynn Hu (22Ox), who participated in research on the Atlanta campus at the time and tested twice a week during the spring semester and once a week during the summer, told the Wheel in 2021 that the change would “take a bit of getting used to.”
July 27, 2021: Emory to require vaccines for all faculty, staff Fenves announced on July 27, 2021, that all faculty and staff would be required to be vaccinated against COVID-19 ahead of the fall semester. This policy also applied to contractors with a regular presence on campus. Over 85% of Emory community members were vaccinated at the time of the announcement.
The vaccine requirement followed a petition spearheaded by Professor of History Clifton Crais, asking the University to require all faculty, staff and post-doctoral fellows to be fully vaccinated two weeks before classes started that fall.
“Clearly, time is of the essence and we all have a lot of work to do to ensure everyone is vaccinated,” Crais wrote in a 2021 email to the Wheel.
Dec. 16, 2021: University requires community members to receive COVID-19 booster Fenves announced on Dec. 16, 2021 that all Emory students, faculty and staff would be required to receive a COVID-19 booster vaccine by Jan. 19, 2022 for the spring semester — a decision that Paris Bates (23C), who is immunocompromised with Type 1 diabetes, said were the first steps back
Nails said he signed up to get his shot as soon as he could and that the vaccine gave him more freedom.
“Emory was pushing to get us back to a normal college experience, or whatever this normal in a pandemic is,” Nails said. “It was like the light at the end of the tunnel.”
Dec. 23, 2021: FDA authorizes COVID-19 oral antiviral drug developed at Emory
The FDA granted Molnupiravir an Emergency Use Authorization for COVID-19 treatment on Dec. 23, 2021. Although an Emergency Use Authorization is not the same as FDA approval, the FDA concluded that the “known and potential benefits” of Molnupiravir outweighed “the known and potential risks,” meaning the unapproved drug could be used to “diagnose, treat or prevent serious or life-threatening diseases or conditions when certain statutory criteria have been met, including that there are no adequate, approved, and available alternatives.”
Dec. 28, 2021: Emory to hold spring courses remotely for first three weeks of spring 2022 semester
Amid rising cases of the Omicron variant in late 2021, Fenves announced on Dec. 28, 2021 that the first three weeks of the spring 2022 semester would be held remotely. The campus, including residence halls, still opened on Jan. 4, 2022, but students were not required to be on campus for in-person classes until Jan. 31, 2022.
Bates said starting the spring semester online made her worry that Emory was returning to square one.
“I was just worried we were gonna be in quarantine for another year, especially since that meant that I would be … going into my senior year online, which I would really hate,” Bates said.
March 7, 2022: University lifts mask mandate in most indoor spaces
On March 7, 2022, Emory lifted the mask requirement in most indoor spaces, including residence halls, dining spaces and athletic spaces. Emory extended the relaxed policy to classrooms, laboratories and other instructional spaces on March 21, 2022. This was the first time masks would not be required in campus buildings in almost two years, following the University’s adoption of a mask mandate in May 2020.
“I was worried if I was ever in a room or in a class where it was most, if not all, of the students weren't wearing
masks, but I had a good mix of people who weren't wearing masks and people who were, so I think that kept spreading to a minimum,” Bates said.
May 9, 2022: Emory holds in-person, on-campus Commencement for first time since pandemic Emory held its first in-person, oncampus Commencement for the first time in three years from May 6, 2022 to May 9, 2022. To mitigate the spread of COVID-19, each graduating senior was allotted two guest tickets for their graduation ceremony.
“It’ll look wonderful and so exciting,” Sharon Rabinovitz said in April 2022. “We’re just over the moon to be able to get back there.”
Feb. 9, 2023: Emory lifts vaccine requirement amid COVID19 policy changes
Nearly three years after Emory shut down in March 2020 due to COVID-19, Fenves announced that the University would remove its COVID-19 vaccine requirement effective immediately.
In this announcement, Fenves mentioned that students, faculty and staff would no longer be required to report positive COVID-19 tests or submit isolation clearance forms before returning to campus. The February policy changes also included lifting COVID-19 vaccine requirements for minors and people participating in non-Emory programs who are staying overnight in on-campus housing.
“The strong commitment by campus members to follow COVID-19 protocols over the past three years allows for transitioning away from mandates to strongly recommending everyone follow all CDC guidelines,” St. Clair previously wrote in an email to the Wheel.
Maki said she does not support removing the reporting requirement for residential students.
“If you're living in a freshman dorm and you test positive, I think there's a moral responsibility to report a positive case in terms of your roommate or anybody like your RA,” Maki said.
Nails expressed his admiration for the Emory community’s resilience throughout the evolving COVID-19 pandemic.
“No matter what challenges we faced, people were still pushing and thriving to become better and to do more for the campus,” Nails said.
“That was just a beautiful thing to me.”
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Professors commend Bobinski's tenure
Continued from Page 1 if this is what she wanted to do,” Arthur said. “But I thought for the school, she'd been doing a good job, and I was hoping that she would want to go for a second term.”
The law school was thrust into the national spotlight during Bobinski’s tenure after several professors used slurs in academic settings, sparking student protest and wide-spread debates about free speech in academia.
Bobinski responded to the situation, noting that although the University does not ban the use of particular words or controversial ideas, saying a slur without a pedagogical reason is inappropriate and
not protected by Emory’s free speech policies.
Senior Director of Decision Support and Data Management Chaun Stores wrote in an email to the Wheel that Bobinski prioritized “ensuring the current viability and long-term stature” of the law school during her deanship.
“She is always accessible and willing to put her interests aside for the betterment of others,” Chaun wrote.
“Her attention to detail and openness to accept different ideas and perspectives are invaluable.”
At98yearsold,JimmyCarteris theoldestlivingformerUnitedStates president.Heisamanwithastrong legacythatrightfullycapturesthe essenceofhisremarkablelifetime.
ButasofMarch14,Carteris receivinghospicecareathome,likely withtheintentionoflivingouthis finaldayscomfortablyandsurroundedbylovedones.
AstheworldreflectsonCarter’s impressivelifeandaccomplishments,itisalsoimportanttodraw ourattentiontothefuture,using Carter’sservicetotheUnitedStates andtheworldasbothanexample andastandardforhowU.S.leaders shouldassisttheircountry.
Carter,oneofonlyfourU.S. presidentstohavereceivedtheNobel PeacePrize,hasafamouslyhumble beginning.Hewasraisedasapeanut farmerinPlains,Ga.andgraduated fromtheU.S.NavalAcademybefore returningbacktoGeorgia.
Asanofficialmemberofthe DemocraticParty,Cartercontinued advocatingforprogressbothas Georgia’sgovernorandstatesenator beforehewasofficiallyelected presidentoftheUnitedStatesin 1976.
Carterservedaspresidentfrom 1977to1981,withatermmarkedby severaltumultuousevents.HeestablishedthehistoricCampDavid AccordsbetweenIsraelandEgypt, createdabilateralpeacetreaty betweenIsraelandthePalestine LiberationOrganizationthatoutlines thepathtoPalestinianself-governanceoftheWestBankandGaza Strip,transferredthecontroloverthe PanamaCanalbacktoPanama throughdomesticallycontroversial treatiesandaddressedthepressing IranianHostageCrisiswithanunfortunatelydisastrousrescuemission. Theseeventswerewidelyseenas failuresbytheAmericanpublic becausetherewasnoclearresolution tothesedilemmas.
Coupledwithhisinabilitytopass healthcareandsocialsecurity legislation,nationalhighinterest ratesandrisinginflation,Carter failedtoattainasecondtermin 1980.
Carter’slowapprovalratingand negativepublicopinionreflecthow mediocreand—assomecriticssay— abysmalhispresidencyandcentral initiativesturnedout.
Thiscriticismshouldberecognized.However,Carter’sdedication tobetteringtheworldisthekindof presidentialcharacterthatshouldbe lauded.
DespiteCarter’shighlycontentiousmanagementofdifficult foreigndiplomaticnegotiations,his steadyfocuswithintheUnitedStates onhumanrights,racialequityand energypolicyillustrateshissteady focusonhisvalues.
Carter’spost-presidentialphilanthropiceffortsareperhapsthemost notablepartsofhislegacy,proving himtobeapresidentwhoservedthe nationevenbeyondhisfour-year term.
In1982,heestablishedtheCarter Center,anon-profitorganization dedicatedtopromotinghuman rightsandresolvingconflicts.The CarterCenterhasbeencreditedfor effectivelymonitoringelectionsin variouscountries,workingtoeradicatehygiene-baseddiseaseslike Guineawormandcollaboratingwith existingorganizationstopromote greaterpeaceintheMiddleEast.
ItisevidentthatCarteractsnotas apolitician,directinghisgooddeeds towardacamera,butasatrue humanitarianbenefitingtheworld throughseeingthefaultswithinit.
Inadditiontohisinternational efforts,Carterisinvolvedwith numerousdomesticissues,suchas affordablehousingthroughHabitat forHumanity,votingrightsand healthcarereforms.
passionatevoiceforenvironmental conservationandrenewableenergy sincehispresidency.Cartersetsan applaudableexampleofapresident. Heusedhisinfluence,formertitle andnamevaluetoadvocatefor humanrightsglobally.
Therehavebeenbetterpresidents inU.S.history,buttherehavealso beenmuchworse,particularlyinthe
comparisontoClinton’sperjuryin courtoverhisaffairwithMonica LewinskyandNixon’sinfamous involvementwiththe1972Watergate scandal,whichdemonstratethe brokenmoralsofsomewhoheld presidentialoffice.
Trump,despitebeinganoutlying exampleofcorruptionandshattered morals,showshowawrypoliticscan
corporatebenefactors.Recently, DemocraticPresidentJoeBidenhas evensignaledhisownprioritiesafter seeminglygreenlightingthemassive WillowoilprojectinAlaska,favoring corporationsandeconomicreasons overtheenvironmentalhazardsthat willundeniablyresult.
Asopposedtoalloftheseexamples,Carter’stenureandthereafter haveuniquelyshowcasedan immensededicationtocivilityand prosperitythatsimplyisn’tpresent inmodernpolitics.
Withpoliticians’impassioned discoursesinCongressseeming morelikeastunttogaintractionfor theirnewfundraisingefforts,Americansnowexpectpublicofficialsto actintheirownself-interestrather thanforthepublicgood.It’simportantthatourcountrycanfinditsway toitsself-proclaimedvaluesof equality,progressandtransparency, followinginCarter’sfootsteps.
yearssinceCarter’spresidency. Perhapsmorehonorableand respectablepeoplelikeCartershould feelempoweredtorunforoffice. Manycurrentrepresentativesand politiciansarecertainlyhollow people—andevenworse,spineless leaders.
Thelaundrylistofunethicaland twistedU.S.leadershipspansfrom Republicanstandoutssuchasformer PresidentDonaldTrump,former PresidentRichardNixonandU.S. Rep.MarjorieTaylorGreene(R-Ga.) tocrosspartylineswithformer PresidentBillClinton,and,ofcourse, aloneintheuber-corruptmiddle withU.S.Rep.GeorgeSantos(RN.Y.).
AllU.S.presidentshaveascandal ortwoundertheirbelts,including Carter.However,hismisstepspalein
goandwhatelectedpoliticiansneed tobedirectlyfightingagainst.After losingthe2020election,Trumphas remainedaprominentfigurein Americanpoliticsandmedia,often spotlightinghimselfandhisachievementsratherthanaddressingthe turmoileverydayAmericansface,as Carterdid.Bothduringhistenure andafter,Trumpshowedhowcorruption,discriminationandoutright liescantearapartacountryinstead ofbringingittogether,issuingina neweraofdisingenuouspoliticians suchasRep.GreeneandherFreedomCaucuscohort.
Additionally,DemocraticrepresentativeslikeJoeManchinand NancyPelosihavebeenknownto sidelinepoliciesextremelypopular withtheirconstituentsinfavorofthe heavypaycheckstheyreceivefrom
Carter’sentirepresidencyshould notbeglorified—nopolitician’s should.Cartermademistakesduring hispresidency,andeverytinymisstephaddangerousrippleeffects. However,weshouldlearnfrom Carter’spersonalvalues,suchas humanrightsadvocacyandhumanitarianefforts,andhispersistent effortsinpeacekeepingandbipartisanshipduringhisterm.
Havingselflesspeopleinpolitics would,withoutadoubt,gomilesto counteractthebigotryandegoism thatrunsrampanttoday.Thenext U.S.presidentialelectionisin2024. Yes,Americansshouldbelookingfor strongleaders,butalsoleaderswho emulateCarter’sdedicationtohis country.
WhenreflectingonJimmy Carter’slife,wecanfindthekindof leadershipthatAmericashouldstrive for—onethatfocusesonthecontinuedbattlesforhumanrights,rather thanthecurrentbattlesonwhocan stayinpowerforthelongest.
Arts Entertainment The Emory Wheel
Glitzy dancefloors, heartache dominate ‘Endless Summer Vacation’By Ari segAl Music Desk
The juggernaut brand that has become “Miley Cyrus” conjures up different feelings for different people: for some, it is her wholesome childstar acting days on Disney Channel’s “Hannah Montana” (2006-2011), and for others it is her decisive tonal and aesthetic shift in her polarizing “Bangerz” (2013) era, or even her fearless rock revivalism on her most recent album “Plastic Hearts” (2020). She has steadily laid the blueprint for branching out of the confines of her childhood stardom, pursuing her own unabashed musical and stylistic interests, all with relative grace and commercial success. The Nashville-born singer-songwriter has repeatedly proved that only one thing stays consistent between her releases: nothing is the same.
Cyrus’ “Endless Summer Vacation” was released internationally on March 10 via Columbia Records. Hype for her eighth studio album has continued to grow since the release of the blockbuster lead single “Flowers” in January, a song that has fondly been compared to Bruno Mars’ power ballad “When I Was Your Man” (2012) as well as to Gloria Gaynor’s eternal disco-rock anthem “I Will Survive” (1978). The elegant divorce bop balanced self-empowerment lyrics over an undeniably groovy disco beat, deservedly earning the No. 1 spot on the Billboard Hot 100 for its sixth consecutive week. The song has also been the subject of related tabloid fodder regarding her
turbulent marital status, adding to its popularity.
In a social media video posted before the album’s release, Cyrus explained how the album was heavily
connects the two starkly different auras and splits the album in half. Promotional videos foreshadowed the mood of the album with shaky handheld camcorder videography and saturated VHS tapes depicting sultry late summer nights.
Within this context, the album cover makes more sense: Cyrus, who hangs confidently from a trapeze seemingly suspended out of thin air, performs an impressive musical feat on this decisive record, balancing the contrasting beachy haziness of the “a.m.” section with the grimy discopop found on the “p.m.” side.
While at times thematically jumbled, the record comes out relatively unscathed, albeit not without some minor hiccups along the way.
The “a.m.” section opens with the familiar “Flowers” and continues its upbeat and occasionally wistful sentiment through the album’s first half. The powerful yet laidback “Jaded” and subsequent “Rose Colored Lenses” tackle themes of relationship regret, wistful nostalgia and listless summer nights, all imbued with a psychedelic flair renewed in Cyrus’ eclectic discography. The songs flow incredibly well and set the dreamy tone for the introductory side of this album.
inspired by the mood of Los Angeles during the day and its descent into the night. Fittingly, she divided the album into an “a.m.” and “p.m.” section, with the former representing a sense of optimism and limitless possibilities and the latter conjuring up feelings of “grime” and “glamor.”
The track “Handstand” bravely
Discussing art: beauty or impact?By sAm shAfiro Live Art Desk
Think about your favorite song, a movie you despised or a modern art installation that made you recoil in confusion. Now ask yourself: why does this art affect me so significantly? Why do these sound waves elicit such intense emotions? Why are these rapidly-changing images so thought-provoking?
Most of us are good at talking about art, especially art that we genuinely like or dislike. It is more difficult, however, to place those likes and dislikes into a broader schema of how we think about art. Such a schema is difficult to articulate because it forces us to reveal fundamental assumptions we make about the character and purpose of artistic endeavors. For this reason, I will offer an approach for analyzing artistic works — ones that you like, dislike or anything in between — to help you think about and discuss art.
Start by considering why art matters. Maybe you think the purpose of art is to invoke true beauty. Perhaps it is to glorify God through creative endeavors. Or, it could be to release the artist’s insuppressible emotions. Many people believe that art has more than one purpose, giving various importance to different goals. However, all reasons that art matters can be categorized in two classes:
transcendent and procedural.
Transcendent purposes for art are based on some ultimate, theoretically achievable goal. Beauty, symmetry and glorification of God are all transcendent artistic purposes. Alternatively, procedural purposes for art focus on the creation and consumption of the work itself. Expressing the artist’s emotions or conversing with a cultural zeitgeist are procedural artistic goals.
If the criterion is transcendent, discussing art is pretty simple. A good artistic discussion consists of identifying whatever goal you feel is important and asking how well the art accomplishes it. The technique, style and history of the piece can all be subordinated to this end.
Understanding this paradigm of art analysis can clarify moments in the history of art that may now seem alien to us. For instance, it becomes clear why the famously-discordant tritone interval was shunned in medieval music as “the devil’s interval.” It was a technique judged to violate the stated goal of musical endeavor at that time, the glorification of God. Of course, the great difficulty of transcendental art analysis is deciding and defending which of an infinite array of possible goals is ultimately the most important.
Procedural goals for art make discussion more complicated. Despite how natural it may seem, historian of
“I got some baggage, let’s do some damage,” she confidently belts over the track’s classic sing-songy chorus.
“I am not made for no horsey and carriage.”
Track six, “Handstand,” ushers in the “p.m.” phase and exemplifies an abrupt shift from the pleasantly mellow feel of the album’s first half.
Starting with a spoken free word section, it suddenly veers into a hazy psychedelic breakdown section anchored by percolating synthesizers and a thumping electric bassline. It is abundantly clear that we are moving into the “p.m.” side now.
From acid bass to ‘70s-tinged yacht rock, Cyrus has decisively leaped into the unknown and is taking fans both new and old on this journey alongside her.
“You” finds Cyrus belting over a sappy piano ballad waltz about her infatuation with an unnamed lover. The sugary track feels like a last call at a bar or a last hurrah of sorts, especially during the triumphant key change that hits the listener toward the end of the song.
Cyrus then channels her inner pop diva on the techno-inspired “River,” a song more fit for an underground rave than a day spent sunbathing. The sun has now set in Los Angeles and the party has moved inside, or maybe even underground.
Cyrus partners with pop star Sia on “Muddy Feet,” an imperial call to arms against an unfaithful partner. The track invokes biting imagery and a sense of unbridled rage, especially
on the blazing chorus. The earworm verses and staccato piano stabs on the track make it seem preordained to be a TikTok audio in the coming weeks.
While the album stalls at times during the second half — particularly on the languid “Wildcard” and “Island” — the penultimate “Wonder Woman,” another powerful piano ballad, compellingly revitalizes the listener’s imagination and heart. Cyrus wrote the song as an ode to her deceased grandmother as well as her commitment to generational strength. The track is part of an extensive lineage of powerful ballads Cyrus has delivered throughout her storied career, carrying the torch from her country-pop heyday of “The Climb” (2009) through the seismic track “Wrecking Ball” (2013). From acid bass to ’70s-tinged yacht rock, Cyrus has decisively leaped into the unknown and is taking fans both new and old on this journey alongside her. On “Endless Summer Vacation,” Cyrus connects parallel music genres into a compelling artistic whole, arguably the first time she has been able to do so with such finesse in her entire genre-bending career.
As a result, the uncontested soundtrack for the summer has already been released months before the season even begins.
Watch Cyrus balance on the trapeze in her “Endless Summer Vacation.”
— Contact Ari Segal at firstname.lastname@example.org
A history of mental health in hip-hopBy Ben Brodsky A&E Editor Content Warning: This article contains references to suicide.
When the average American thinks of hip-hop, introspection may not be the image that comes to mind. However, in the past decades of the genre’s evolution, artists have become increasingly interested in discussing the hardships that take place inside their minds and bodies in addition to those that occur outside. Hiphop artists Tyler, the Creator and Mac Miller have exemplified this evolution towards confidence in vulnerability. However, the shift has been taking place since the very beginning. Here are a few hip-hop songs that represent the genre’s movement towards increased conversation about mental health.
“Mind Playing Tricks” (1991) by Geto Boys
Notable Line: “At night I can’t sleep, I toss and turn / candlesticks in the dark, visions of bodies being burned”
Scarface and Geto Boys crafted what is widely considered to be the first hip-hop song explicitly about mental health. Other artists had already begun the creation of the
“hip-hop protagonist,” an outlaw set against the system, but Geto Boys flipped this motif on its head, offering a backstage look into the post-traumatic stress that the 1990s hip-hop gangster experiences upon returning home.
The result is a profoundly moving and vulnerable analysis of the life a glorified character leads. In the
Few songs are so impactful that they coin a term to be recognized in dictionaries. One of hip-hop’s classic stories, “Stan” narrates the hellish tale of an obsessed fan. From the perspective of “Stan,” the fan himself, we are allowed an insight into his neverending crafting of letters to be sent to Eminem. The song also highlights Eminem’s masterful lyricism, increasingly heightening the stakes with which our troubled protagonist calls out to his cold and silent idol. In the end, the story ends tragically, Eminem finally responding to Stan’s letters before recalling a suicidal accident he had seen on the news. Em comes to a heartbreaking realization: “in the car they found a tape / but they didn’t say who it was to / come to think of it, his name was— / it was you.”
“FEEL.” (2017) by Kendrick
“black suit and hat like my own.” Seemingly, our protagonist realized that he is, to others, what he himself fears.
“Stan” (2000) by Eminem.
-BRODSKY’S MUST LISTEN-
Notable Line: “Dear Slim, I wrote you but you still ain’t calling / I left my cell, my pager and my home phone at the bottom”
Notable Line: “I feel like the whole world want me to pray for ’em / but who the f— praying for me?”
“FEEL.” is a litany of brilliant emotions, a rolling expression of the stresses Lamar was navigating at the time of its conception. In Lamar’s typical artistic dexterity, the structure of the song mirrors the content, spiraling out of its litanic form as moreCourtesy of Columbia r eCords
A guide to upcoming events after spring break
nist Jasmin Arakawa. The program includes short and diverse compositions from several composers.
Student Studio: EgyptianInspired Beaded Jewelry
Date: March 24, 1-4 p.m.
Location: Michael C. Carlos Museum, Tate Room
Cost: Free (Emory Students)
How to analyze art
Continued from Page 7By AlexAndrA kAuffmAn Campus Life
After a (hopefully) restful spring break, do not let the initial workload of returning to school overwhelm you. Be sure to take time for yourself in between homework sessions to enjoy arts at Emory University, including classical music, a Student Studio at the Michael C. Carlos Museum and a Q&A with renowned Atlanta photographers.
Date: March 17, 7:30-8:30 p.m.
Location: Cannon Chapel Sanctuary
Join the Candler Singers from the Candler School of Theology and the Birmingham-Southern College Concert Choir (BSC) for an evening of religious music. The Candler Singers will perform a brief set to open for the BSC, an Alabama-based mixed voice ensemble led by Dr. Lester Seigel.
Candler Concert Series: Lawrence Brownlee ‘Rising’
Date: March 17, 8 p.m.
Location: Emerson Concert Hall
Cost: $10 (Emory Students) | $50 (GA)
In an intersection of history and art, operatic tenor Lawrence Brownlee and pianist Kevin J. Miller will perform texts by Black Harlem Renaissance writers. The readings will be set to music by composers Shawn Okpebholo, Emory alumnus Joel Thompson (13G) and more.
Conversation with Jim Alexander and Tom Dorsey
Date: March 23, 7-8:30 p.m.
Location: Robert W. Woodruff Library, Michael C. Carlos Museum
Join celebrated Black photographers Jim Alexander and Tom Dorsey for a conversation about their works featured in two respective social justice exhibitions on Emory’s campus.
Cooke Noontime Concert: Jasmin Arakawa
Date: March 24, 12-1 p.m.
Location: Michael C. Carlos Museum, Ackerman Hall
The Emory Chamber Music Society of Atlanta welcomes renowned pia-
Spend the afternoon perusing ancient Egyptian artwork in the Carlos Museum’s “Life and the Afterlife” exhibit and create your own beaded jewelry. All supplies and materials are provided; all you need to bring is a creative mind.
Candler Concert Series: Chad
Date March 25, 8 p.m.
Location: Emerson Concert Hall
Cost: $10 (Emory Students) | $40 (GA) Pianist and composer Chad Lawson is joined by violinist Judy Kang and cellist Seth Parker Woods to perform bold reinterpretations of classics with compositions ranging from Frédéric Chopin to Billie Eilish. Lawson’s music has been used in several shows, including “The Walking Dead” and “The Vampire Diaries.”
Emory Jazz Combos
Date: March 28, 8 p.m.
Location: Emerson Concert Hall
Emory Jazz Combos are made up of small groups of five to eight student musicians. Support fellow students as they show off their improvisation and group performance skills.
—Contact Alexandra Kauffman at email@example.com
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The Emory Mental Health & Development Program is seeking male participants for an online research study about how your thoughts about other people and your perception of things can be assessed through computerized tasks.
Males, aged 12 -34, in the Atlanta metropolitan area may be eligible for participation.
Participants are asked to complete baseline study sessions, then 12-month and 24-month follow-ups. All appointments are online. Compensation is $30 per hour.
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ideas Isaiah Berlin describes such an approach to art as a relatively-recent innovation. In an exquisite series of lectures from 1965, Berlin explains that the view of art, and indeed life generally, is not merely the pursuit of a goal, but an important generative process in its own right. This generative, and therefore procedural, approach to art is the fundamental innovation of Romanticism. The Romantic movement introduced the now widespread idea that humans are culminations of will that must create. Therefore, art is the consequent expression of our chaotic will.
When analyzing art for procedural goals, start with your reaction after experiencing the work. This need not be an emotional reaction; it can be a reaction based on rational thoughts, feelings, or something completely different. The central question is: how are you different now having experienced the art compared to before you were exposed to it?
This core reaction exists for everyone and for all art. The response provides a kernel on which the rest of your understanding of the piece can be built and is technically enough by itself to produce substantive art criticism.
However, you can round out your discussion of the art at hand by considering its history and technique. Both of these aspects are important in their own right and can help you articulate your core reaction.
Technique is the set of tools the artist uses to produce their piece and to endow it with an aesthetic quality – to make it “art.” Understanding the
artist’s technique tethers the tangible features of the work to a more abstract core reaction. Techniques are also important in their own right because they situate the artist in a broader stylistic community. This connection hints at the final critical feature of procedural analysis: history.
The history of a particular artist or work of art positions the artist in a dialogue with a creative community. For most transcendental objectives, the history of a work of art does not particularly matter because it does not reflect how effectively the art accomplishes its goal.
To view art through a procedural lens, however, usually requires an understanding of what made the artist choose to create the piece in the place and time that they did. History is what answers those questions and bridges the gap between the general world of arts, the specific work of art, and your experience of it.
Discussing art can seem intuitive and uncomplicated, but what we say about art exposes important assumptions about what we think art ought to be and how we understand its goals.
Crafting an analytical architecture through which to analyze art brings and situating our view on art in it fosters a connection between ideas about art and possible goals art may have.
By explicitly acknowledging our assumptions, we can make our discussions more compelling and our aesthetic dialogue more insightful.— Contact Sam Shafiro at firstname.lastname@example.org
Mental health hip-hop songs
Continued from Page 7
dire feelings are felt. At first, Lamar admits that “I feel like I’m losing my focus,” before feeling like “bad dope, a quarter ounce manipulated with soap.”
This shift is a reference to crack cocaine, a drug stereotypically associated with Black Americans, penalized at ten times that of powder cocaine, a drug historically connected with white Americans. In his feelings, Lamar can embody the idea of “I can’t change the world until I change myself,” a key statement of his goals. Connecting these motifs allows the song to be as powerful as it is: a feat of artistic greatness.
“November” (2017) by Tyler, the Creator
Notable Line: “What if I thought the brake was the gas? What if I crashed?
/ What if these deep thoughts was my last? Let me pull over, quick”
A standout track from Tyler’s “Flower Boy” (2017), “November” creates a chronological symbol of the time in our lives we will look back upon as the “good ol’ days.”
Tyler launches into an array of “what ifs,” questioning everything from the widespread acceptance of his art to approval of his sexuality by loved ones.
Later, in a montage that will make any hip-hop head smile, Tyler features many of his colleagues saying what their “November” is.
Principal investigator: Elaine Walker
After this encouragement, he begins to shift his mindset, mentally allowing his “November” to be “right now.”
“Good News” (2020) by Mac Miller
Notable Line: “Wake up to the moon, haven’t seen the sun in a while / But I heard that the sky’s still blue”
Likely this list’s most tragic song, “Good News” was released on Mac Miller’s “Circles,” (2020), a posthumously-released album. This reality changes the listening experience drastically from a oncein-a-generation artist struggling with loneliness and mental health troubles to a man who has succumbed to them.
Over a background of watery, plucked strings, Miller half sings, half talks through his thoughts; thoughts that can be heard as debating whether his presence on Earth is one that is valued.
Now, I listen to “Good News” as Miller singing down from heaven, assuring us that his all-too-common fate “ain’t that bad.”
Regardless, I still miss him.
If you are having thoughts of suicide, you can call Student Intervention Services at (404) 4301120 or reach Emory’s Counseling and Psychological services at counseling. emory.edu.
You can reach the Georgia Suicide Prevention Lifeline at (800) 273-TALK or namiga.org/crisis-info and the Suicide and Crisis Lifeline at 988 or 988lifeline.org.
— Contact Ben Brodsky at email@example.com
Emory Life The Emory Wheel
‘Buried Truths’ podcast launches fourth season on 1958 racial violenceBy HeatHer Lu
White police officers committed a string of violent attacks on the Black community of small town Dawson, Ga. in 1958. Two Black men, James Brazier and Willie Countryman, died at the hands of the same Dawson policeman, yet no one was prosecuted in either case.
English and Creative Writing Professor of Practice Hank Klibanoff tells the stories of both men and racial violence in Dawson on the fourth season, titled “Race & Rage in Terrible Terrell,” of the Peabody Awardwinning podcast “Buried Truths.” WABE released the first three episodes of this nine-episode season on Feb. 22, with new episodes being released weekly.
The podcast features research conducted in Klibanoff’s Georgia Civil Rights Cold Cases Project class, which he began teaching in fall 2012. According to Klibanoff, over 190 students have taken this class, bringing new perspectives to the stories each semester.
“Every semester, students find new things,” Klibanoff said. “The things they find are so helpful and robust that I look forward to teaching the course again with the new material from the previous semester’s students.”
Instead of asking students to recount the cold case stories, Klibanoff encourages his students to explore different aspects of stories. While some students looked into border topics such as medical racism, others focused on learning the stories of a few witnesses.
In fall 2013, Scott Schlafer (15C) and Alison Chetkof (14C) took Klibanoff’s course and decided to investigate medical racism. With Brazier’s medical records available, they met with forensic pathologist Mark Allen Edgar at the Emory University Hospital in Midtown.
Edgar explained the medical records and drew a picture that showed Brazier’s cause of death. Klibanoff remarked that medical racism led doctors who could have taken action to save Brazier to decide not to.
“Black people from that generation will talk endlessly about the horrible doctors they had or doctors who couldn’t care about the pain they were feeling and things like that,” Klibanoff said. “I have been wanting to do this. As we were writing this season, we wrote a chapter that had all this stuff in it.”
Jake Green (24C) researched a man named M.J. Hall, who signed a letter
asking for help with Dawson’s racial violence that was eventually forwarded to the FBI. This letter had an influence in initiating the investigation into the case.
The Hall family showed a different side of Dawson — they were activists and the first Black family to vote in the town.
“I was incredibly proud to have tracked down M.J. Hall’s daughter and learned more about the work he did for Dawson,” Green said. “By learning about Hall, I also learned about the network of activists working to make things better in the Dawson community, and for one reason or another the press had often overlooked that group.”
Julia Biniek (24C) took a different approach to her investigation, exploring how intergenerational trauma had impacted people involved in these cases by interviewing two of Brazier’s daughters.
“Hearing them speak about their father and hearing their stories reminded me of the imminent need for action and justice for people like the Brazier family, whose stories have yet to be resolved,” Biniek said.
Adisa Ozegovic (23C) researched the police force in Dawson and recalled meeting Brazier’s daughters on a class trip to Dawson.
“A big takeaway from me was just how long these traumatic experiences live on,” Ozegovic said. “Both of the daughters of James Brazier we met described how negatively affected their family was from watching their father beaten and dragged to his death. Instead of this big historical project, to me, especially after meeting Hattie and Verda, it felt deeply personal.”
Building upon Klibanoff and his students’ research, WABE helped produce “Buried Truths.” The production team comprises three people: senior producer David Barasoain, host Klibanoff and writer and producer Richard Halicks.
After Halicks wrote the main script, Klibanoff recorded the draft. It takes about two hours to record a 30-minute episode. Barasoain chose “explainer beds” music that “matches what needs to be presented” and keeps the listener’s attention.
Barasoain said his favorite part of the production was conducting interviews because the witnesses were powerful representations of the story.
“It’s totally crazy to me that we can learn about these stories, build that bridge of empathy from time to time,”
Barasoain said. “We extremely rarely meet those folks on our own.”
The podcast included interview recordings with witnesses of the Brazier and Countryman cases, and Barasoain met them in person to conduct the interviews.
“We interview actual witnesses,” Barasoain said. “When you step into their setting, you’re like, here’s someone who was a teenager in the 1950s. But here they are as 81-year-olds talking to us about what they remember. It’s a type of living history account.” Barasoain said the “Buried Truths” team has wanted to tell Brazier’s and Countryman’s stories for many years. He believes it is important to revisit these cases to raise awareness of racial injustices.
“We can shed light on this and create a brand new source of awareness or maybe a bridge of empathy between us in the present and them in the past,” Barasoain said.
Klibanoff emphasized that it is essential to tell these stories because many people “never or rarely receive any justice.” Many racial injustice cases were never investigated, like how no one was prosecuted in Brazier’s murder.
“I believe a separate judgment of history could still be rendered,” Klibanoff said. “Our job is to explore and investigate and excavate these stories of what happened, broadcast it and finally give people an opportunity to make their own judgments. And that’s a form of justice.”
— Contact Heather Lu at firstname.lastname@example.org
Dave’s Cosmic Subs serves up sandwiches with side of nostalgiaBy Jordyn LiBow Emory Life Editor
Emory Village has two sandwich shops on North Decatur Road — one is corporate, the other is charm.
When entering Emory Village, you can fulfill a sandwich craving at Jimmy John’s, a national chain, or walk another 400 feet and land at Dave’s Cosmic Subs, gifting you an experience along with your sandwich.
The original Dave’s Cosmic Subs was founded in 1997 by Dave Lombardy in Chagrin, Ohio. Lombardy was a rock ‘n’ roll performer who always craved a good sandwich while on tour.
In addition to the Emory Village location, Dave’s Cosmic Subs has 18 locations in Ohio and one each in California and Vermont. The Dave’s in Emory Village was born 20 years ago when an original franchise owner, Joel Marcus, moved to Atlanta and brought Dave’s with him, anticipating the unique sub shop would thrive in the South. It has been standing in the same building ever since.
Emory Village’s Dave’s is made up of two parts: a compact, white brick building where customers place orders, and an outside tented area for seating. Out front, Dave’s is labeled by a humble, wooden “Dave’s Cosmic Subs” sign. Its face is slightly splintered, and the paint is faded. Its curly red lettering mimics the font of the interior walls’ ‘60s music festival posters.
The interior walls are painted bright red, covered with colorful posters of artists including the Beatles, Jimi Hendrix and Jim Morrison. They are displayed in identical black frames, creating a crisp uniformity — a stark contrast to what this wall looked like two years ago when current owner
Stephen Mase took over. The red was once a yellowed white, smothered in graffiti, vulgar phrases and scribbles in permanent marker.
“The inside looked like a toilet,” Mase said. “It needs to have a little personality, but there’s a difference between personality and it being a dump.”
The open-air seating area is enveloped by yellow tenting coated in dust. The main entrance is an opening in the tent fronted by two skinny yellowoutlined, plastic-windowed doors. The right one is always open, often dancing in unison with the wind.
While Mase had aspirations for painting a mural on the drab outside of the building, he is not allowed to because the property is part of the DeKalb Historical Building Society, which prohibits him from doing anything to the exterior walls of the building.
He has learned to accept the building’s tattered exterior and appreciates it as something that people have come to know and recognize. It gives the shop “personality” — an attribute their neighbor Jimmy John’s lacks.
“It’s the individuality that’s our allure,” Mase continued, his crystal blue eyes piercing through thick black glasses.
Based on what Mase was handed, he is just proud of being able to transform trash into charm. He painted over the interior graffiti and made one wall a chalkboard, which acts as a monthly community art project.
The wall has been a hit among college students, who use it to “profess their love to somebody or draw a penis or something,” Mase said with a chuckle and a quick eye roll.
February’s mural was full of colorful flowers, a beady-eyed cat, a heart with the initials “B+S” inside and “I
heart Caroline” running across the wall, written in massive pink letters.
An oversized menu board is on the red wall, across from the chalk mural. It displays an immense list of sandwiches and a smaller list of salads. The font is thick and red, outlined in a thin yellow shadow, creating the illusion of an electric neon sign.
The best seller is “The Original Dave’s Cosmic Sub.” This signature sub includes a blend of Italian meats and is topped with veggies and cheese, all “smothered” with Dave’s Cosmic Sauce, a beloved creamy vinaigrette that customers repeatedly inquire about buying in bulk.
“It’s No. 1 for a reason,” Mase said. “It’s simple. It makes sense. Give the people what they want.”
This sentiment is consistently at the forefront of Mase’s mind. He said that when distributors raised prices on toptier sandwich ingredients during the pandemic, he did not settle for lower quality ingredients to save money. Dave’s prioritizes the customers.
Customers spend most of their Dave’s experience under the tent. Time inside the restaurant is limited to placing an order, and maybe a quick scribble on the chalkboard. After ordering, customers are handed a buzzer and directed outside to the seating area to await the buzzer’s piercing ping that beckons them back inside.
Outside, the only lingering sense of the ‘60s is the music. Mase repurposed two old phones that play classic rock music through Bluetooth speakers. He needed to compromise his definition of what constitutes classic rock when choosing a satellite radio station. Mase shakes his head, lamenting that the station earlier played a song by the band Poison, which he believes “technically wouldn’t qualify” as clas-
Mase wonders if Dave’s young clientele appreciates or even recognizes any of this music, as most of the songs played are much older than many customers.
“Are we alienating our customers?,” Mase asked. “Maybe it’s just a noise that’s coming out of the speaker for them.”
Ultimately, people still come through the door. The shop’s busiest time is lunch hour, between 11:30 a.m. and 2:30 p.m., when the ordering line often snakes out of the building and into the seating area. Hungry strangers are packed close together. There are dull murmurs of “Are you in line?” and “Sorry, ‘scuse me.”
Thin men in dress shirts, loafers and slacks pace around, clutching their buzzers. They holler into their phones, while donning AirPods, disturbing the peaceful haven with their dreadful logistics.
The businessmen’s stiffness is especially apparent against a woman with electric blue hair and tattooed arms, another with dangling eyeball earrings and a third with spiky orange hair who proudly declares, “I’ll take the large, I’m a big girl!”
Emory University Hospital workers in scrubs are also common at Dave’s, decompressing and meeting strangers’ gazes with kind eyes and a slow smile. Emory students, sporting backpacks and Greek-lettered hoodies linger in their seats, relishing a study break. Seated customers are obstacles in the paths of UberEats and DoorDash drivers who rush in and out in under 30 seconds.
Garrett Webb, associate director of development for campus life and athletics, and Cale Padgett, Emory’s lead director of gift planning, sit at a corner
table facing the street. Webb wears sunglasses and an Emory Athletics polo, and Padgett sports a striped polo and a long, reddish beard that matches his salmon khakis.
“When I’m feeling a good sandwich, this is the place I’ll come to,” Webb said, waving around his black sunglasses as he spoke. “It’s probably the best sandwich spot around Emory.” He claimed Dave’s is “100%, hands down” better than Jimmy John’s.
For the lunchtime operation, efficiency is key. The staff is small in numbers, but mighty in ability. Employees are taught to work the register as well as in the kitchen, so every need is met, regardless of who is working on any given day.
The ordering counter doubles as a barrier between the customers and the kitchen. The kitchen is very small, so “the use of space is at a premium,” Mase said.
By 3 p.m., lunch is over, and by 8:30 p.m., a half hour before closing, Dave’s is almost vacant. The last 30 minutes bring sparse business, peppered with a few people coming in for pickup.The yellow door rapidly flaps, like a ghostly entrance to a haunted house. Customers are not there for dinner, but that is okay; business is not hurting.
There is no reason to change anything about this place. It’s simple, but it works. It’s clean, but it’s got character. It’s old, but it serves the young. It’s small, but it’s got a big heart.
“If you’re going to be a restaurant, know what you want to be and be that,” Mase declared. “Don’t try to be all things to all people, because then you become nothing to everybody.”
— Contact Jordyn Libow at email@example.comCourtesy of emory university English and Creative Writing Professor of Practice Hank Klibanoff records in the WABE studio.
Short Story Dispenser delights students with quick readsBy CHaya tong Emory Life Editor
At Emory University’s Robert W. Woodruff Library, stories don’t just live on the shelves. They exist in The Short Story Dispenser, printed on glossy receipts and dispensed with the click of a button. Students who stroll through the library basement may find themselves face to face with the quirky new machine just outside of Banjo Coffee.
A metal cylinder with three buttons and a tall glass rectangle with the words “Short Story Dispenser,” the machine’s instructions are simple: “Select, Read, Enjoy.” As of Feb. 13, Emory’s new toy for voracious readers and procrastination-prone students alike has finally arrived on campus.
The Short Story Dispenser acts as a kind of vending machine for stories — a library within a library.
Users can select from a one, three or five minute read, and like a Polaroid camera, the machine will spit out a poem or short story from its internal library to take home.
In a world increasingly dominated by e-books and AI, the kiosk presents the perfect blend of online and old-school, automated and traditional. Students can read their short stories in line for coffee, as a mindless study break or on the go. But, the dispenser’s purpose is larger than just pure entertainment.
Maggie Beker’s job as Emory Arts project coordinator is to focus student engagement on all types of artistic disciplines across campus.
For visual arts, the task naturally attracts opportunities such as the installation of student art in the B. Jones Gallery at the Emory Career Center. But, for other kinds of art, like creative writing, it’s more difficult.
“It’s not as easy, but I always joke [that] you put a nail hole in the wall and you can hang a piece of art,” Beker said, laughing. “But, how do we support our students whose work is more
solitary or is on paper? How does everybody get to enjoy that work? How can they stumble across that instead of needing to know where the club is and needing to find the zine?”
After Googling around, she found her answer in a YouTube video of the short story dispenser at the Center for Fiction in New York.
She contacted Short Edition, an international company based in France that creates dispensers that have been installed around the world, from Paris, France to Melbourne, Australia and train stations to universities.
Students from the Bay Area may recognize the machine from various Bay Area Rapid Transit stations. Similarly, people from Canada might remember the machine from Edmonton International Airport.
Short Edition is a publishing house that has been collecting work for the past 12 years and specializes in short literature. Founded in 2015, Short Edition places machines around the world and publishes in different languages with the idea that art should be free and provide a global perspective. Though the company is headquartered in France, it publishes over 400 American writers.
“The idea is to expand the minds and creativity worldwide as you may pick up a story today written by someone in, let’s say, Singapore,” Kristin Leroy, international sales director at Short Edition, said. “The main goal is to provide an un-connected break to read short bites of fiction as one tends to spend a bit too much time on social media and students rarely have the time to sit down with a good book.”
Many of Short Edition’s published writers come from prominent BA and MFA creative writing programs, like Carnegie Mellon University (Penn.) and University of Iowa. With its renowned creative writing program, Emory was a logical choice to place a dispenser.
Beker noted that the company also
Sicilian DefenseBy Miranda Wilson Crossword Desk
resonated with Emory’s emphasis on sustainability. Leroy explained that the dispenser has a “print on demand” concept so there is no waste and no ink or cartridge to change. It even uses a special kind of thermal paper that is recyclable and phenol-free.
The particular machine in Woodruff Library is a recycled machine that had been used as a demo at the American Library Association and Public Library conferences.
The company found that there was a demand from universities to showcase student work alongside Short Edition’s library of fiction and creative nonfiction.
Through an online portal, school administrators like Beker can upload student’s pieces for the dispenser to distribute.
The dispenser is connected to Short Edition’s backend software, which provides the company’s content in addition to Emory material and sends orders to the printer to deliver stories at random.
“The idea is to never get the same story, poem or comic twice,” Leroy said.
Student’s work might even go worldwide. If the editorial team at Short Edition likes a piece that was submitted by a student, they can offer students a publishing contract with the company.
Emory Arts harnessed the uploading feature to start an ongoing open call for writing submissions from the Emory community. And, starting Feb. 24, the Emory machine began dispensing its first batch of student work.
Blake Miller (23C) used the Short Story Dispenser and received a fiveminute read titled “Wildfire.”
“I came up [to the dispenser] for a couple of reasons,” he said. “My friend, Emma, is a creative writing major, and we talk about this all the time, and she was talking about how Emory was maybe going to put students’ [work] into the short story material. I was
studying in the library and wanted to read something before I went and studied.”
The Short Story Dispenser has already made a splash in the short time since its installment, with about a hundred clicks per day.
Over 60% of the time, the machine prints a one-minute story, as opposed to 20% three-minute stories and 20% five-minute stories. Noon to 11 p.m. are the highest traffic times, especially on Wednesdays and Thursdays.
Beker hopes the machine can provide something deeper than a study break.
“The fun thing about art is that you don’t have to like it,” she said. “You can still get that moment of enjoying it as thinking about it and having that experience of forming an opinion around a creative work. I hope that they enjoy taking that one to five minutes to have a moment to think creatively in that way and to form an opinion about something.”
Besides engaging students intellectually, the short story dispenser is a form of casual interdisciplinary interaction. One Short Edition university partner ran a series of writing con-
Leroy noted that the first winner was an engineering student, the second winner was a non-native speaker, and someone from the English department was the third.
“We hope our concept will provide them with a voice to share their ideas, creativity, whether they be STEM, Humanities or other pre-graduates,” Leroy said. “It is meant to be a program for all, art for free and anyone can become a writer.”
So the Short Story Dispenser, that small glowing box outside Banjo, waits patiently in the library basement.
It’s better than a vending machine. You never know what you might get, who you might meet, what you might find.
“It keeps art from becoming furniture,” Beker said. “I always think about [how] once you paint on the wall, you’re committed to that, whereas when you refresh a gallery every year or like this thing that’s always a rolling deadline, always fresh work, you get to encounter something every day. ”
— Contact Chaya Tong at firstname.lastname@example.org
1. Suffix for super and sales
4. “The Queen’s ___”, Netflix show about the theme of this puzzle
14. Nickname for the President on the penny
15. “Well, if it was __ __ __”
16. Two __ in a pod
17. What one might find lying around a golf course
18. ___ Fables
22. What one might do with a shirt or necklace
24. To walk under one is bad luck
27. Most sticky
31. Intergovernmental political forum with as many members as days of the week
33. Conquistador that established New Mexico
37. Navy Exchange (abbr.)
38. Brandy commonly made in France
39. 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (abbr.)
40. Plane staff
42. Rock band by Jeff Lynne and Roy Wood (abbr.)
43. For time to pass
45. __ al-Fitr, festival that marks the end of Ramadan
46. Doctor of Design (abbr.)
47. Chocolate tree
48. Opposite of you stay
50. Romantic feature on a sports event
52. To make an informal visit
57. Someone who shows emotion
59. Indigenous people inhabiting the Zambales mountains of the Philippines
62. Sheep’s sound
65. Business metric for IT infrastructure recovery (abbr.)
66. Chess sets contain sixteen of this piece
67. Celebrity Chef Lagasse
68. 80s American heavy metal band led by Ronnie James
69. Pace for a horse slightly faster than a walk
70. Plants grass again
71. Stitch in knitting that creates a leftleaning decrease (abbr.)
1. Suffix for 34-down and 29-down, endings of a chess game
2. Object that makes a jingling sound
3. “Help! I __ _ doctor!”
5. Chimpanzee, e.g.
6. Great Smoky, e.g. (abbr.)
7. Loving tap on a dog’s nose
8. Call into question
9. Between exam N and P
13. Sports cable TV channel in the US and Canada
23. Dramatic cry of pain
25. __ meenie miney moe
26. User of a Winnebago, e.g.
28. Letters put after the letters “l” and “cl” which mean tipped and tidied respectively
29. Adjective for old chips
30. Mexican professional futból club
32. “Google Sheets” Microsoft equivalent
34. Last thing a waiter brings to the table
35. Zhou who served as the first premier of the PRC
36. Sports fans at Wake Forest
38. Woodsy scent in cologne and candles
40. What Harry Potter gives Dobby to set him free
41. Grand __, nature preserve in France
44. En ___, method of capturing in chess
46. Division in the CDC that deals with quick response to public health emergencies (abbr.)
48. Opposite of you’re cool
49. “On drums…, on guitar…, on ___”
51. French composer associated with the opera-comique genre
53. Type of 10-down named after English master Henry
54. Abominable snowmen
56. Cryogenic energy storage acronym
58. Chess piece that moves horizontally and longitudinally
60. __ of corn
61. TWO - 1 + 1 =
63. BRO - Pal
64. AID - Support
National title adds to Urban’s track and field legacy
Continued from Back Page
Emory Track and Field Head Coach
Linh Nguyen noted her potential to improve after an underwhelming and abrupt finish to her rookie season.
“Her freshman year, to be quite frank, she just wasn’t good,” Nguyen said. “In the 3000-meter her freshman year, she was last in [the University Athletic Association] by 20 seconds.”
Despite the setbacks caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, Urban credited her younger brother, as giving her the motivation to continue running and become a better athlete.
“I was feeling pretty down about running,” Urban said. “But then, my younger brother was still running, and he told me I should run with him. Eventually, we started running together.”
Staying at home also allowed Urban to focus on the other factors that go into becoming a great athlete, including proper nutrition, stretching, seeing trainers and maximizing the effectiveness of her workouts. Urban also noted that running 70 miles a week and in 5-degree weather in her hometown of Pittsburgh during the winter made her a more resilient runner.
Urban’s hard work paid off when she started seeing tremendous progress her sophomore year as the track and field team returned to action for the 2021 outdoor season. Urban broke the Emory 5000-meter record with a time of 17:14.41 and qualified for the national outdoor championship. At nationals, she placed 11th out of 19 in that event, a result which Urban said increased her confidence in her abilities.
“It’s definitely been a process,” Urban said. “When I came back from COVID-19 my sophomore year and qualified for nationals, I was on top
of the world. Then I go to nationals and I am like, ‘Oh wow, there are also really, really fast women here’ … It’s been a process of setting higher goals and figuring out how to reach those goals.”
Urban built a legacy for herself at Emory during her sophomore and junior years, breaking numerous records, winning three individual UAA titles and competing in national championships, but a national title eluded her until this year.
Nguyen noted how far Urban has come since her freshman year. Aside from the accolades and accomplishments, he said he sees Urban as more than an athlete.
“She’s just an example of exactly
what a coach wants a student-athlete to be,” Nguyen said. “She does everything right in practice, outside of practice. She carries herself the right way. She represents the university in the right way, and she is a shining example of what a student athlete should be.
Even though Urban recently won a national title, she already has her sights on the upcoming outdoor track season, which will begin on Mar. 17.
“I’m not entirely sure yet where my focus is going to be event wise, but I would love to win another national title,” Urban said.
— Contact Clement Lee at email@example.com
Women gain important experience from loss
Continued from Back Page
During the second quarter, the women held a 17-15 lead. However, they were unable to maintain it as the Big Blue went into the locker room at halftime up 43-33 over the Eagles.
Coming out of halftime, Emory went on a 10-point run and tied the game at 43-43. However, they lost momentum at the end of the third quarter with Millikin heading into the final 10 minutes with a 56-50 lead over Emory. The Eagles put forth their best effort, but were unable to overcome the deficit, falling to Big Blue 76-70 at the final buzzer.
Although the Eagles held Millikin to 42.4 % shooting overall, the defensive effort was not enough as Millikin shot 66.7% from the free throw line and forced 17 turnovers. Emory forced 14 turnovers, but struggled to score key points off of them. Sophomore guard Daniella Aronsky led the Eagles with 19 points and four assists, while fellow sophomore forward Morgan Laudick contributed 13 points. Freshman guard Lily Kennedy added a spark off the bench, putting away nine points and grabbing six rebounds for the Eagles.
Despite their loss, the women’s team has much to celebrate, as this was their first NCAA Tournament appearance since 2019. Head coach Misha Jackson said that one of the team’s main goals is to make consecutive tournament appearances.
“It’s really hard when you haven’t been to the NCAA Tournament to replicate it,” Jackson said. “We experienced that four years ago, but none of these players were on that team. I think the more people that you’ve had that have been there, the easier that
Jackson said that the team worked hard to win in difficult moments, including important wins away at the University of Chicago (Ill.) and University of Rochester (N.Y.) in February that helped the team earn a bid to the tournament. Jackson said that she is “really excited for the future.”
“I know this team is capable of a lot more,” Jackson said. “But, looking from the outside in, we’re an extremely young team. On paper, I don’t think people were expecting us to achieve as much as we did.”
The Eagles finished their season with a 17-8 record overall. Jackson said that the team grew tremendously this season, and they are motivated to make another tournament appearance next year.
— Contact Madeline Shapiro at firstname.lastname@example.org and Sophia Lin-David at email@example.com
Urban breaks national mile recordBy CleMent lee Sports Editor
Seeded second and third in the nation for the mile and 3000-meter races, respectively, senior Annika Urban competed at the 2023 NCAA Division III Indoor Track and Field Championship on March 10-11.
On the second day of the meet, Urban ran toe-to-toe against Hope College (Mich.) senior Anastasia Tucker and Carleton College (Minn.) senior Clara Mayfield in the mile race. Urban trailed Mayfield, who had beaten her in the preliminary race the day prior, during the first part of the race, but she eventually broke away from the field and took the lead.
“I was able to fill out the race for the first little bit and stick with those girls [in the] the beginning and then eventually, when I felt like the time was right, I decided to make my move,” Urban said. “The goal was to continue with that momentum through the rest of the race. At that point, I decided
it was the right time for me and just picked [the pace] up.”
Urban finished four seconds ahead of Tucker with a national championship record time of 4:43.17, besting her own Emory record of 4:50.74 that she set on Feb. 3. Later that day, Urban placed third in the 3000-meter race with a time of 9:32.05. The performances earned two All-American honors at the championship.
Before donning the blue and gold and running under Emory University’s Woodruff Physical Education Center track lights, Urbanstarted running competitively in seventh grade. Dissuaded by the solitude and monotony of swimming, her passion for running was kindled by her love of the nature around her and connections she made with her teammates.
“I went out for a practice in the summer and just thought it was awesome that a group of people got together and ran on trails,” Urban said. “I really enjoyed the outdoors, the sense
of running and getting to talk to people while you’re running.”
Urban said that running became a “huge part” of her life that also helped her improve her time management skills and become a better student, and she soon realized that she wanted to continue running at the collegiate level. Urban said she ultimately decided to commit to Emory because of the track and field team’s supportive culture.
“I looked at a bunch of places, but when I visited Emory, I just absolutely fell in love with Emory,” Urban said. “I met some of the women on the team and loved the team culture. Emory was definitely the place where I decided that I could definitely see myself thriving.”
Urban entered her freshman year with high expectations which were met with disappointment when the COVID-19 pandemic interrupted the indoor season in March 2020, forcing her to reflect on her athletic future.
See NATIONAL, Page 11
women’s basketball fall in NCAA first roundBy Madeline Shapiro and Sophia lin-david Sports Editor and Contributing Writer
The Emory University men’s and women’s basketball teams competed in the first round of the NCAA Division III Basketball Championships on March 3. The men played on the road against Hampden-Sydney College (Va.), while the women faced Millikin University (Ill.). Both the men’s and women’s teams lost, which brought an end to each of their respective seasons.
Men earn 10th consecutive tournament trip
While the Eagles began slow and trailed 25-14 early in the first half of their game against HampdenSydney, they persevered and ended the half on a 15-4 run. Sophomore forward Cale Martens tied the game for the Eagles 29-29 before Hampden-Sydney scored a clutch jump shot setting up a two-point lead by the Tigers at halftime.
The Eagles and the Tigers narrowly battled it out in the second half. The final 20 minutes saw eight lead changes and six ties. With 12:33 until the final buzzer, sophomore forward Logan Shanahan and sophomore guard Albert Fallas made key three pointers that hoisted the Eagles to their first lead of the game.
Unfortunately, Emory lost the lead as the Tigers went up 61-58 with just under three minutes to play. Though the men’s team put up a diligent effort, they lost to Hampden-Sydney 63-59. Despite the loss, freshmen guard Benjamin Pearce led both teams in scoring with 19 points.
Although Martens believes the
team could have gone deeper in the tournament, he said that his teammates will use the loss to work harder in the offseason.
“We had a chance to go a little farther than we did, but at the end of the day, we did everything we could,” Martens said. “We played our best and that’s all you can really ask for.”
Head coach Jason Zimmerman agreed with Martens that the first round loss was an unsatisfactory ending to the season. Despite the loss, Zimmerman noted many positives to the season, which included young players’ abilities to adapt in their new roles and maintain the team’s high standard.
“We had a very productive year and we grew tremendously throughout the year with a lot of new roles,” Zimmerman said. “I think it’s [a season] that we’ll look back with great joy, but right now it’s really hard.” Martens also thought that the team gained important experience this season.
“I’m overall proud with how we played and I think there’s definitely room for improvement,” Martens said. “Obviously it didn’t end the way we hoped it would, but overall, it’s a really good season and I’m excited for next year.”
The Eagles’ tenth consecutive appearance in the tournament is the longest active streak in D-III basketball. The team finished the 2022-2023 season 17-9 overall and Zimmerman said that by reflecting on the season, the team will only “continue to get better.”
Women make first tournament appearance since 2019
The women came up short in their first round matchup against Millikin.
See WOMEN, Page 11
Why women deserve a louder voice in the sports conversationBy Madeline Shapiro Sports Editor
I attended the 24th U.S. Poet Laureate Ada Limón’s reading at Emory University’s Glenn Auditorium on Feb. 11. The event was part of the Rose Library’s annual Raymond Danowski Poetry Library Reading Series. While I enjoyed the entire reading, which covered topics such as nature, gender norms and the power of poetry itself, a poem titled “Sports” stood out to me.
In the poem, Limón explores the difficulties she experienced as a child constantly moving between her parents’ homes. Despite their differences, she writes, her father and stepfather always “looked like they were on the same team” when they talked about sports. The poem made me think about how joking about sports is viewed as the great mediator for men, but why aren’t women part of this conversation?
My dad watches ESPN every morning without fail. I join him on the rare occasions I wake up early. It’s always refreshing to watch accomplished women like Linda Cohn,
Elle Duncan and Nicole Briscoe coanchoring “SportsCenter” and covering major stories of the sports world. However, men dominate many of the talk shows that run for the rest of the day with Stephen A. Smith’s and Max Kellerman’s dramatic arguments on their shows serving as buzz-worthy coverage. With the growth of women’s leagues like WNBA and NWSL, I wonder why women remain underrepresented on popular talk shows — they deserve a louder voice.
An Associated Press Sports Editors’
(APSE) 2021 Sports Media Racial and Gender Report Card evaluated over 100 newspapers and websites and reported that of APSE’s members, women consisted of 16.7% of sports editors, 24.2% of assistant sports editors and 14.4% of reporters. Former APSE President Lisa Wilson told ESPN that the survey’s findings show that “we need more women in this industry” to make important “coverage and hiring decisions.”
In addition to the challenges with representation in sports media, female coaches are often outnumbered. Across all three NCAA divisions, women coach 41% of women’s
teams and 5% of men’s teams. At the youth level, women coach less than approximately 20% of teams. These numbers drop significantly at the professional level. Eleven women coached for MLB and MiLB organizations as of 2022; 15 women had been assistant coaches for NBA teams up until December 2022; and Emily Engel-Natzke became the first woman to coach full-time in the NHL when Washington Capitals promoted her to video coordinator in June 2022.
A similar pattern emerges when looking at refereeing statistics. There are currently three women who referee in the NFL and eight in the NBA. Stéphanie Frappart made history when she led the first all-female referee crew at a 2022 men’s FIFA World Cup game last November. The more positions women gain as coaches and referees in professional leagues, the more avenues will open up for women hoping to achieve success in the sports world. In fact, significant changes have happened at an astonishingly fast rate.
It’s hard to believe that women weren’t allowed to run the Boston Marathon until 1972. It’s equally sur-
prising that Cohn became the first female sports radio anchor in the U.S. as recently as 1987. Four decades later, women anchor sports shows across all the major cable networks, including Molly Qerim on ESPN’s “First Take,” Kate Abdo on CBS Sports’ UEFA Champions League broadcasts and Rebecca Lowe on NBC Sports’ “Premier League Live.”
Although women have made progress in recent years, there is still a long way to go for sports media to accurately reflect the voices and perspectives of female athletes. Since 2021, WWE announcer Charly Arnolt, NFL reporter Kimberley Martin and SportsCenter’s Elle Duncan have hosted their own ESPN-sponsored podcast, “First Take, Her Take,” a play on ESPN’s popular show “First Take.” I hope other sports networks can take it one step further and give women-led podcasts like “First Take, Her Take” airtime on live television. My hopes may not be too farfetched. I tuned in to ESPN on March 8 and was excited to see a sports panel made up entirely of women for International Women’s Day. NBA Today host Malika Andrews, WNBA
Coach of the Year Becky Hammon, reporter Ramona Shelburne and Los Angeles Sparks forward Chiney Ogwumike formed the “NBA Today” panel leading up to the New Orleans Pelicans and Dallas Mavericks game, followed by the Los Angeles Clippers hosting the Toronto Raptors. For the coverage of the NBA double-header, over 70 women contributed to ESPN’s all-female broadcast crew.
“As a society, we’re moving forward and listening better and uplifting women in a more meaningful way,” Andrews told PBS, in reference to ESPN’s all-female broadcast crew for International Women’s Day. “But, we still have progress to make. We still have not had a woman who is a head coach in the NBA. I’m hopeful that those strides are going to happen in my lifetime.”
I also believe that as women continue to assume positions of authority in sports, whether in sports journalism, coaching, refereeing or other management roles, we will have a louder voice in the sports conversation.
— Contact Madeline Shapiro at firstname.lastname@example.org