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Emory Events Calendar, Page 2

Staff Editorial, Page 6

Police Record, Page 2

Crossword Puzzle, Page 8

Arts & Entertainment, Page 9

On Fire, Page 11


The Independent Student Newspaper of Emory University

Volume 95, Issue 4

Tuesday, September 10, 2013

Every Tuesday and Friday RANKINGS


Emory Stays at No. 20 In U.S. News Ranking By Nicholas Sommariva News Editor

James Crissman/Co-Editor


reshmen participated in Orientation’s annual Creativity and Arts Soiree at the Schwartz Center for Performing Arts Friday. Students could partake in various activities including painting on the lawn, enjoying some of Emory’s many musical performance groups and even getting a sneak peak into some of the year’s upcoming performances.


Emory Bubble Launches, Aims to Replace LearnLink By Lydia O’Neal Staff Writer Three years ago, four Emory students created a social networking prototype in a dorm room. Now, it’s in preparation for total overhaul. Emory Bubble, the central component of the networking startup Campus Bubble, combines the benefits of LearnLink, Facebook, Google Docs, Blackboard and Office 365 onto a single site geared toward Emory students. Emory University Technology Services has provided tech assis-

tance, while the University gave Emory Bubble an advance payment to develop their system as a replacement for LearnLink. The Division of Campus Life also allowed the company to integrate Emory’s student login system’s 14,923 users into its network to ensure students can sign in using the same Net ID and password used on LearnLink, said Nir Levy (‘13B), the current managing director of the site who launched the site’s first version almost two years ago with Ian McCall (’13C), technical director Pat Shea (’12B) and product director Giovanni Hobbins (’13C).



“Anyone can make a bubble or post campus wide events,” Levy said. Users can click “explore” to access a list of upcoming campus events, classified advertisements, activities in Atlanta and tech support for users having trouble with the site, among other services. And users can click on “bubbles” to access an array of exclusive student niches for anything from varsity sports to residence halls to organic chemistry study groups. After recently releasing the site’s third version, which only supports up to 200 simultaneous users before

additional pages fail to load properly, Bubble programmers are polishing off the company’s mobile app and back-end system to accommodate the entire campus population — just in time for LearnLink to phase out. Like LearnLink — but mixed with Facebook, Blackboard, Google Docs and Office 365 — Emory Bubble takes a “hyper-local approach” to college networking, said BBA Program Director and Senior Associate Dean Andrea Hershatter, who taught each of the four Bubble founders at the

See SOCIAL, Page 5

By Alyssa Posklensy Contributing Writer

James Crissman/Co-Editor

The Michael C. Carlos Museum recently opened up its newest exhibit entitled: Antichita Teatro Magnificenza. The exhibit features three sections focusing on a different Roman period in time.

Carlos Museum Opens Rome Exhibit By Naomi Maisel Contributing Writer Emory’s Michael C. Carlos Museum unveiled a new exhibit focusing on the city of Rome, which will run from Aug. 24 to Nov. 17. The exhibition, titled “Antichità Teatro Magnificenza,” explores “how the city of Rome was perceived and mapped in three distinctly different centuries,” and presents Rome as an “incredible and constantly changing city through compelling works of art,” said Bonnie Speed, the director of the Carlos Museum. The exhibit consists of three sections, representing Rome across the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries.



Emory has been in the top 20 for the past 21 years.

Falsified Numbers Emory announced last summer it submitted falsified numbers for more than a decade.

Forbes Forbes removed Emory from their rankings for the next two years. Forbes announced on its website this summer that it removed Emory from its rankings for the next two years. Last year, Emory submitted its corrected data in time for the 2013 rankings and launched a corrective action plan to make sure data is submitted accurately. U.S. News also announced at the time that Emory’s rankings for 2011 and 2012 would stay at No. 20. “Emory’s eminent faculty, engaged scholars and diverse and rich academic environment have established Emory as a leading center of discovery, teaching and learning,” Claire Sterk, provost and executive vice president for academic affairs, said in Sept. 10 University press release. “External recognition is gratifying, but our focus continues to be on providing the best possible academic experience for our students.” College Dean Robin Forman agreed with Sterk, writing in an email

See U.S., Page 4

Emory, Cartoon Network Emphasize Anti-Bullying

By Rupsha Basu Staff Writer

See EMORY, Page 4

U.S. News


SGA Discusses McDonough Renovations The 47th Legislature of the Student Government Association (SGA) discussed a proposal to fund repairs to the McDonough Field stage and heard a presentation about Emory Bubble at the first legislative session of the year. The first bill of the year was a proposal to fund reparations to the stage, presented by Goizueta Business School senior and Student Programming Council (SPC) President Raghvi Anand, College senior and SPC Vice President Graham Brooks and B-School junior Matthew Willis. The bill stirred some disagreement among legislators at the meeting because of its time-sensitive nature of the bill. SGA will vote on whether to fund the McDonough Field stage at next week’s meeting. Performers will be using the stage during Swoop’s Week, formerly known as Homecoming Week, during the week of Sept. 23. The Division of Campus Life has been repairing the stage since damages first appeared because the stage was built using regular plywood instead of marine-grade plywood, which is more suited for Atlanta weather, according to Willis. The stage has enough damage, such as holes, that it could collapse by the end of the

Emory has maintained its No. 20 ranking by U.S. News & World Report for the fourth consecutive year in the publications 2014 edition of “Best Colleges” released today. This is also the 21st consecutive year that U.S. News has ranked Emory within the top 20 national universities. This year, U.S. News changed its rating methodology to more heavily consider measures that indicate how well a school educates its students, rather than factors that reflect a school’s student body, according to the U.S. News website. More weight was given to having a higher-than-expected graduation rate, which measures the difference between a school’s predicted graduation rate and its actual graduation rate, according to the U.S. News website. In addition, U.S. News slightly increased the weight given to SAT and ACT scores of incoming freshmen while also reducing the weight given to high school class ranking. On its website, U.S. News said highschool class rankings are “less representative of each college’s freshman class than it was five or 10 years ago.” The news organization, which has become the gold standard in college rankings since they began in 1983, said on its website that many schools’ ranks will change in the 2014 list due to the methodology changes. Emory’s ranking has become a popular topic of discussion since last August, when the University admitted to falsifying SAT and ACT scores and incoming freshmen class ranks for more than a decade and when




Art pieces were collected from the Michael C. Carlos Museum, Emory’s Manuscripts Archives and Rare Books Library (MARBL) as well as a few private collectors, Boles said. Each room is painted a different color so as to help visitors distinguish which era they are in, according to Cecily Boles, intern to co-curator Sara McPhee and 4th year graduate student at Emory. The exhibit was brought to Emory mainly by co-curators Sara McPhee and Margaret Shufeldt, according to the museum’s website. McPhee and Eric Varner, an associate professor in the Art History department, are currently teaching a class titled “Views of Rome: Ancient and Baroque” that


was “designed in conjunction with the exhibition,” according to Varner. College sophomore Amina Khan, a student in the class, said the exhibit is “fascinating because it is the first time all of these important articles of Rome are coming together, and therefore allow us to examine them in reference to one another.” Furthermore, Khan said that she is excited to be in the class because of how much time they are encouraged to spend in the actual exhibit both in and outside of the classroom. The 16th-century room, antichità, consists of two large maps of Rome and smaller etchings of monuments.

See NEW, Page 5

The Emory Center for Ethics has partnered with Cartoon Network’s “Stop Bullying: Speak Up” campaign to train and educate Emory students to become mentors in three Atlanta middle schools, where they will implement an anti-bullying curriculum. The Center for Ethics is seeking 12 to 15 undergraduate and graduate students to spend the year studying to become familiar with common aspects of bullying in order to be effective mentors. Different social topics regarding bullying prevention and counteractive measures and the overall theme will be explored each month to more fully understand the complex nature of bullying, according to the forum application. According to the program’s application, the Center for Ethics will organize and teach student mentors through a curriculum developed by the Center’s Ethics and Servant Leadership (EASL) program, which actively promotes leadership and ethically engaged practices in the Emory community. The goal is to develop a “highquality, research-based training program” using materials from the campaign in three middle schools, according to Edward Queen, director of EASL and coordinator of undergraduate studies. He added that the schools have yet to be finalized but will most likely include those with which Emory has preexisting relationships. The pilot year is intended to morph into an “ongoing component of the EASL forum,” with additional locations and programs involved in

the future, Queen said. The “Stop Bullying” campaign is one of Cartoon Network’s major initiatives, which has included the production of a popular documentary entitled “Speak Up,” which premiered in March. The film showcased children ages eight to 13 discussing their experiences with bullying and emphasized the importance of speaking out to prevent similar situations. “Our ongoing research and direct conversation with kids told us plainly that bullying was a major issue most kids believed they could do something about if given the right tools for dealing with it,” Stuart Snyder, president and chief operating officer of Cartoon Network, said in a March 2012 Cartoon Network press release. The campaign will include a pledge for parents and children, as well as anti-bullying kits for educators with tips and strategies to help eradicate bullying. “The program seems like a good opportunity to learn about bullying from a variety of interesting and new perspectives,” College freshman Hallie Whitman said. She continued that she believes it will be important to “put that knowledge to good use in order to help younger students.” College freshman Molly O’Neil said that she believes the forum demonstrates Emory’s commitment to acceptance and equality, as well as presenting the opportunity to “teach university values to younger members of the surrounding communities.” Emory’s Center for Ethics is now accepting applications for the forum. During the fall and spring semesters, the forum will convene for two hours each week.

— Contact Alyssa Posklensy at

















NEWS ROUNDUP National, Local and Higher Education News • An explosion at a southern China primary school killed two people and injured 17 — 10 of which were school children — on Monday morning. Though the cause remains unknown, witnesses told Xinhua news agency that a three-wheeled vehicle pulled up at the school just before the blast. The injured were taken to a hospital, while police have closed the school for investigation. • Arizona mother and death row inmate Debra Milke was released on Saturday, Sept. 7 due to a lack of evidence. In 1989, then 25-year-old Milke allegedly handed her son over to two men who took him to the desert and shot him. She would then receive a $5,000 insurance payout. The court of appeals overturned her conviction when the detective who testified that Milke had confessed to him was found to have lied under



Tuesday, September 10, 2013

oath. Prosecutors plan to once again seek the death penalty for Milke at her retrial, set for Sept. 30. • Police in southwest Atlanta arrested one of Clayton County’s most-wanted fugitives early Saturday morning after a gunfight and hourlong standoff. Victoriano Javier Perez, 41, was wanted for the fatal shooting of a 21-year-old man in Forest Park in June. A police SWAT team was on the way when Perez surrendered in a Regents Street house after cutting his arm trying to escape from a window. He was taken to jail after receiving hospital treatment.

— Compiled by Staff Writer Lydia O’Neal

Corrections • In the article titled “Vantage to Lease Emory Point Properties” in the last issue of the Wheel, Gables Residential will continue to manage the 443 residential spaces in the development, not Cousins Properties. • In the Police Record section in the last issue of the Wheel, the report discussing an underage individual who was down due to alcohol incorrectly described the Sorority Village as located at 8 Eagle Row. It is actually located at 11 Eagle Row. • In the article titled “Hamilton Holmes Gets LEED Certification” in the last issue of the Wheel, the last quote was misatributed to Bryce Robertson. The Wheel reports and corrects all errors published in the newspaper and at Please contact Editor-in-Chief Arianna Skibell at

THE EMORY WHEEL Volume 95, Number 4 © 2013 The Emory Wheel

Dobbs University Center, Room 540 605 Asbury Circle, Atlanta, GA 30322 Business (404) 727-6178 Editor-in-Chief Arianna Skibell (404) 727-0279 Founded in 1919, The Emory Wheel is the financially and editorially independent, student-run newspaper of Emory University in Atlanta. The Wheel is a member publication of Media Council, Emory’s organization of student publications. The Wheel reserves the rights to all content as it appears in these pages, and permission to reproduce material must be granted by the editor in chief. The Wheel is published twice weekly on Tuesdays and Fridays during the academic year, except during University holidays and scheduled publication intermissions. A single copy of the Wheel is free of charge. To purchase additional copies, please call (404) 727-6178. The statements and opinions expressed in the Wheel are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the Wheel Editorial Board or of Emory University, its faculty, staff or administration. The Wheel is also available online at

This Week In Emory History

POLICE RECORD • The Emory Police Department (EPD) received a report of a stolen touch screen projection panel operator from the second floor of White Hall. The item, which currently has no estimated value, was stolen some time between Sept. 7 and Sept. 9. • On Sept. 7 at 3:42 a.m., EPD received a call from an individual reporting that an underage female student on the second floor of the Longstreet-Means residence hall was under the influence of alcohol. According to the individual, she had two vodka and cranberry drinks at an Ethiopian café. Emory Emergency Medical Services arrived, but the individual refused transport and was turned over to her Resident Advisor. • On Sept. 6 at 3:12 p.m., Emory

police assisted DeKalb County police in investigating a suspicious package on Clifton Rd. EPD, who originally located the package, assisted DeKalb police in shutting down the road while DeKalb officers inspected the package. Upon further investigation, the package was a vendor drop-off. Following the discovery, the roads were reopened.

on Eagle Row had been removed. The signs were uprooted from the concrete, and the bolts were broken off. The signs were valued at $20 each.

— Compiled by Asst. News Editor Dustin Slade

• On Sept. 5, officers received a call from a female student advisor claiming that she has been receiving repeated harassing emails from a prior roommate via Emory email. Emory police contacted the individual and notified Campus Life. The incident is under investigation.

Sept. 13, 1994 Emory’s campus officially recognized its first historically black fraternity on Sept. 28, 1994. At the time, the Emory chapter, Phi Delta Delta, officially chartered by the national fraternity in July of the same year, had seven active members, all of whom entered through the Atlanta graduate chapter. President of the international group Moses C. Norman tried to get the chapter on campus before. Norman had even gone to then president James T. Laney, along with other Emory faculty, but was met with resistance due to image problems with the fraternity.

• On Sept. 7 at 3:08 a.m., Emory police received a report that stop signs

EVENTS AT EMORY TUESDAY Event: Zotero Workshop Time: 11–11:50 a.m. Location: Woodruff Library Room 314 Event: SmartPath Session I: Get Your Money Right — Financial Strategy Time: 12–1 p.m. Location: Harland Cinema, DUC Event: Meet Me @ Lullwater Time: 12:15–12:45 p.m. Location: Lullwater Park

Event: Andrew Delbanco: “What is College For?” Time: 4:30 p.m. Location: Winship Ballroom, DUC Event: Multicultural Street Fair Time: 4:45–8 p.m. Location: Dobbs Market Event: Event: “Remembering Seamus Heaney” Time: 5–7 p.m. Location: Jones Room, Woodruff Library Level 3 Event: Queer Students of Color Discussion Group Time: 6–7 p.m. Location: Office of LGBT Life, 232E DUC

Time: 7:30 p.m. Location: Oxford Road Building, Presentation Room Event: 9/11 Candlelight Vigil Time: 8:15–9:15 p.m. Location: Brooks Commons — Cannon Chapel

WEDNESDAY Event: Toastmasters@Emory Club Meeting Time: 8–9 a.m. Location: Old Dental Building, Room 231

Event: Red Zone Rally Time: 6–6:30 p.m. Location: DUC Terraces

Event: Matthew Meyerson, MD., PhD - “Somatic Genome Alterations in Human Cancer” Time: 4–5 p.m. Location: Winship Cancer Institute, C-5012

Event: Peer — Tutoren (Will Snyder) Time: 4–5 p.m. Location: Modern Languages Room 128

Event: Respect Program Info Session Time: 6:30–7:30 p.m. Location: DUC Faculty Dining Room

Event: Compassion Meditation Group Time: 5–6 p.m. Location: Cannon Chapel, Room 106

Event: Research on Experience: A Critique of Subjectivity in Qualitative Methods Time: 4–5 p.m. Location: White Hall

Event: 9/11 Discussion of Conflict Resolution Time: 7–8 p.m. Location: Brooks Common — Cannon Chapel

Event: TransForming Gender Time: 5:30–6:30 p.m. Location: Office of LGBT Life, DUC E232

Event: Dr. Sergei Maslov — “Parkinson’s law in bacterial regulation or why bacteria run Linux”? Time: 2:30–3:30 p.m. Location: Mathematics & Science Center Room E300

Event: Know your Rites: an evening of video viewings

Event: Dalai Lama Film Series Time: 7–9:30 p.m. Location: White Hall Room 208

Event: Duck Soup & I’m No Angel (1933 Double Feature), film screening Time: 7:30 p.m. Location: White Hall Room 205

THURSDAY Event: 19th Annual W. Dean Warren Lecture: Controversies in IPAA Surgery Time: 7–8 a.m. Location: Emory University Hospital Auditorium Event: RALLY (Rollins and Laney LGBT Students) Meeting Time: 12–1 p.m. Location: DUC 332 Event: Go Abroad. Go France. EDUCO Paris Program Time: 4 p.m. Location: Candler Library Room 216 Event: Emory Buddhist Club -weekly practice Time: 6–7:30 p.m. Location: Cannon Chapel 106



Tuesday, September 10, 2013





Tuesday, September 10, 2013



Emory Physicist Receives $1M Grant By Nisha Giridharan Contributing Writer

James Crissman/ Co-Editor

Emory Healthcare has begun its campaign to rebrand including a new tag line, “We’re all in this together.” The campaign has included the placing of billboards that prominently display the new branding.

Emory Healthcare Reveals New Branding By Rupsha Basu Staff Writer Emory Healthcare has recently undergone a marketing re-branding that seeks to create a conversation with consumers about the important issues in healthcare today. The re-branding includes a new logo, tag line and ad campaign. The purpose of the re-branding, according to president and CEO of Emory Healthcare John Fox, is to unify all of the various branches connected to Emory Healthcare under one brand so that consumers are clear as to what entities are under Emory Healthcare. “We were becoming a pretty complicated organism in terms of brand identity,” Fox said. “Emory is now connected to every element of the brand.” The Emory Healthcare website describes the re-branding as an effort to “reinvent health care for the 21st century.” The slogan for the new brand is “We’re All In This Together,” and the new logo is similar to the old one minus a yellow band underneath the words — it now just reads “Emory Healthcare” in a plain serif font. The ad campaign features television, print and digital ads addressing different aspects of the brand. Emory Healthcare is a part of the Emory Healthcare Network, which is Georgia’s largest health care provider and employs around 16,000 people at six hospitals and 200 provider locations around Atlanta including the Emory Clinic, Emory University Hospital and the Winship Cancer Institute. In addition to being ranked among the top five largest employers in the state of Georgia, according to a Metro Atlanta Chamber study, Emory Healthcare is also the only academic health system in the state, which means it includes not only patient care, but also clinical research, teach-

ing hospitals and training in the medical and clinical professions. This is one of the factors that differentiates Emory Healthcare from other providers in the state, according to Fox. The new brand features three, oneminute advertisements called “big city health care,” “family” and “fixing health care.” The “big city” advertisement emphasizes the extensive network of medical centers and clinics not just in Atlanta but in rural areas as well, stressing that Emory Healthcare

“We were becoming a pretty complicated organism in terms of brand identity. Emory is now connected to every element of the brand.” — John Fox, president and CEO of Emory Healthcare

reaches beyond just “the big city.” It also describes the increasing convenience that technology brings to the health care industry. “All electronic medical records enable us to see the patient’s record wherever the patient was taken care of in the Emory network,” Fox said. This means patient records can be accessed by any Emory Healthcare physician from anywhere, whether it is Emory Hospital, Johns Creek Hospital or a physician’s office in Duluth, Fox added. The “family” advertisement explains Emory Healthcare’s approach to battling illness on a personal level. “We’ve brought families into the healing process,” the commercial

says. “They help us understand the patient, so we can create a plan that works, and we’re getting measurable results.” The commercial stresses that if one member of the family has a serious illness, Emory Healthcare will treat the situation as if the whole family is struggling. Fox said that the family commercial has been well-received and helps to differentiate Emory Healthcare from other providers. The last advertisement, “fixing health care,” admits that American health care is “the single biggest drag on the economy today,” outlining its increasing costs and inefficiencies. The advertisement goes on to say that the government will not fix health care, but rather leading medical centers in the country (like Emory Healthcare) will lead the charge. According to Fox, the new brand is not in direct response to Affordable Care Act and the government’s attempt at health care reform. He added that health care costs have been increasing for many years. “I think reform started before Obamacare was passed,” he said. “We’ve got to be a part of the solution; we can’t complain about it.” One of the ways Emory Healthcare will be a part of the solution is to eliminate “unnecessary bureaucracy” that occurs in health care to relieve the burden on consumers, Fox said. According to him about a third of health care costs are avoidable. “Our job is to find those avoidable costs and squeeze them out of the system,” he said. Fox said that he believes Emory Healthcare is one of the only providers to admit to the pitfalls of American health care, and it will be a national leader in fixing the problems.

— Contact Rupsha Basu at

U.S. News Places Emory Bubble Representative Emory 19th ‘Best Speaks at First SGA Meeting Value’ University Continued from Page 1

Continued from Page 1 to the Wheel, “I do not really put much stock in such rankings, and it means much more to me when our students and faculty speak with great enthusiasm about their Emory experiences,” he wrote. “That said, It is always nice to receive such positive recognition, as it brings more visibility and attention to the spectacular work taking place in offices, laboratories, studios and classrooms across our campus.” Emory was listed 19th for universities offering the “best value.” The Goizueta Business School — which is ranked separately from the University’s main undergraduate program based on a peer survey of deans and senior faculty — was 13th in the undergraduate business rankings, up five spots from last year. Georgetown University and University of California-Berkeley have joined Emory at the No. 20 spot. Emory’s peer institutions such as Vanderbilt University and Rice University are ranked No. 17 and 18, respectively. The University of Notre Dame rose to this year’s spot at No. 18 from No. 19 last year. — Contact Nicholas Sommariva at

September, according to Anand. When the stage was first built, there was no organization designated to fund its upkeep, according to Anand. Campus Life cannot allocate funds for a full renovation until Fiscal Year 2015, Willis said. The bill authors asked SGA to fund half the cost of the repairs, or $7,500, so that it can be fixed in time for Swoop’s Week. Usually, a bill is first presented to the legislature at a meeting. Then it goes through a committee before it is ready for an official SGA vote during the following meeting. In order for a bill to be voted on during the first meeting, the legislature needs 20 votes in favor of suspending this rule. Confusion arose because the SGA Finance Committee has already reviewed the bill, which is not typical because the bills are usually first presented to the legislature before a committee reviews them. According to SGA Vice President of Finance and College senior Calvin Lee, the reason the bill had already been assigned to the finance committee before it appeared in front of the legislature is because it is a time-sensitive issue. Some members of SGA also said they wanted time to under-

stand the details of the bill. “Shouldn’t we have had a week to look over it before we’re forced to vote on it?” Graduate Goizueta Business School Representative David Kaplan said. The vote to suspend the rule failed on a 13-12-0 decision, which resulted in the vote moving to next week’s meeting. In addition, Nir Levy (‘13B), managing director of the Emory Bubble, demonstrated how to use the website because it is in its early stages. The Emory Bubble, which has the support of the University, is a potential LearnLink replacement. The Bubble Team is not aggressively advertising the website because it may crash if more than 200 people access it at the same time, according to Levy. He added that the problems should be fixed in a few weeks. SGA also voted unanimously to establish the position of Office of the Secretary for the SGA, who will perform secretarial duties. Additionally, two members of SGA have resigned from their positions since last spring: former Co-Chief of Staff and College senior Bart Qian, and former SGA Governance Committee Chair and College junior Levi Lyman Barner.

—Contact Rupsha Basu at

Nearly 70 percent of women over the age of 40 received a mammogram to screen for breast cancer in the past two years, according to a 2010 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention study. But exactly how much radiation was each individual woman exposed to during her exam? An Emory medical physicist received a $1 million grant from the Susan G. Komen Foundation in June to study that question. Ioannis Sechopoulos, assistant professor of radiology at Emory University School of Medicine, has been studying breast-imaging radiation for nine years now. He plans to use the new grant to develop a more individualized method for measuring the amount and location of radiation delivered to a woman’s breast during an imaging exam. “We’ll be able to answer our patients’ questions if they ask us,” Sechopoulos said. “People want to know how much radiation they are getting.” The new Monte Carlo method that Sechopoulos will be using for the study will first be developed using “phantom images,” with breast-like objects. Then, Sechopoulos plans to use real patient images to further test these methods. The Monte Carlo method involves simulating what takes place during an imaging test through a computer program. The computer will use this simulation to predict the path of each x-ray and where the x-ray radiation will deposit energy in the breast. After researchers test the methods, any patient image can be fed into the

simulation, and a doctor can see a personalized estimation of the radiation dose for each patient. The current method of determining the radiation dose models all patients’ breasts as if they were the same, Sechopoulos said. However, the structure of tissue within the breast differs for every woman. According to Sechopoulos, the amount and exact location of glandular tissue, usually concentrated in the center of the breast, makes a major difference in how much radiation is absorbed by a patient during an imaging test. Last year, Sechopoulos conducted a study that compared the traditional way scientists measure radiation dose in mammography and the new patient-specific method he is developing. He said scientists have been overestimating the radiation dose from mammography — a dose said to be about two weeks worth of natural background radiation per image. “In general, the glandular tissue absorbs less radiation dose than the numbers we’ve been using,” Sechopoulos said. “So that’s good because if we’re going to be wrong, then we might as well be wrong on the conservative side, overestimating.” One of the larger implications of collecting patient-specific data could be the creation of “dose registries,” Sechopoulos said. These would allow institutions like Emory to send in data on the radiation dose used for its mammograms and compare its numbers to those of other places over time. “If we had national registries of real patient-specific dose, we would have a better understanding of how [dosage] trends are moving in time,”

Sechopoulos said. “And if ... we’re reducing dose too much or not enough, you can make technology advancements.” These technology changes could include adjusting the number of x-rays used in a breast imaging exam and the energy levels to either increase or decrease the radiation dose delivered to a patient, Sechopoulos said. To lower the dose of radiation to the breast, some technology improvements in the past have included using better digital detectors for digital mammograms, according to Sechopoulos. In this study funded by the Komen foundation, Sechopoulos will be testing the Monte Carlo method for a new breast screening technology, tomosynthesis. This technique is similar to acquiring many mammograms from different angles. Then the computer renders a 3D representation of the breast from these images so doctors can better visualize the tissue. “There are many screening centers around the country that are starting to use [tomosynthesis] in addition to mammography,” Sechopoulos said. “In the future, I predict that we will start using it in replacement of mammography for screening.” Sechopoulos said the Emory Breast Imaging Center will be receiving a tomosynthesis machine soon but is not yet sure of an exact date. In the meantime, Sechopoulos will begin conducting this new study at the Winship Cancer Institute with collaborators at the University of Pennsylvania, the University of Chicago and the Technical University of Varna in Bulgaria. — Contact Nisha Giridharan at



Tuesday, September 10, 2013


New Carlos Exhibit Features Virtual Tour of Rome Continued from Page 1 The name represents the Antiquarian scholars of the time, who sought to reconstruct Rome intellectually, which is why most of the drawings are representative of real Rome and based off of coin faces, accordinqwg to the Antichità section of the exhibit’s catalog, written by Varner. Furthering the theme of precision, the teatro section represents Rome in the 17th century and is based mainly off of artist Giovanni Battista Falda who, in 1676, published a bird’seye view of Rome with almost exact dimensions and details, accurate down to the number of windows on buildings, according to Boles. The map itself and details may be found in the Teatro section of the exhibit catalog, written by McPhee. According to Boles, the city comes to life in the 17th century room

through gaming technology. Visitors will be able to use computers located in the 17th-century room to virtually walk the streets of Rome on a grid based mainly off of Falda’s map. The final section of the exhibit is titled Magnificenza and is discussed in the catalog by Emory art professor Jason Ciejka. He writes that this section moves away from accuracy and, following its title, represents a fantastical view of Rome. The map that inspired this room, the Pianta Grande, is comprised of 12 pieces and is meant to convey the beauty of Rome in the 18th century. According to Cienka’s section in the exhibit catalog, although most of the drawings are of literal places, they are decorated to shed a “positive” light on Rome at this time.

— Contact Naomi Maisel at

Courtesy of the Emory Bubble

The Emory Bubble, which started as an idea developed in a dorm room by four Emory students, recently began an overhaul to expand the program following a partnership with the University.

Social Network Experiencing Glitches, Not Completely Launched Continued from Page 1 Goizueta Business School in a twoyear time span. “As social media expands in scope and breadth, it loses some intimacy and relevance,” Hershatter said. Emory Bubble, she added, serves “much smaller communities who are bound together by common experiences” and “fills the void created by the migration away from LearnLink.” The budding business, not yet supported by advertising dollars, “creates a strategic incentive to be user-oriented rather than advertiser-oriented,” she said. Though not yet operating at maximum capacity, Emory Bubble’s interface was designed with simple aesthetics and easy navigation to initially attract users — not just students but also faculty, sports teams, clubs, sororities, fraternities and entire academic departments, according to Bubble programmer Xavier Fernandes, who completed his Ph.D. in Mathematics at Emory in 2012. He has been working on Emory Bubble’s back-end systems for the past few months. “We wanted to make something that looked really good, that displayed campus events in real time,” he said. “The current system was built with some considerations, as a prototype. We’re now engineering the

back-end system to look the same but on a larger user scale.” Emory College junior Marissa Gogniat found the site easy to navigate upon exploring the latest version for the first time. “Emory Bubble is very userfriendly,” Gogniat said. “It’ll help foster a better sense of communication at Emory.” The site’s initial version launched in October 2011. Version 2, which imported Facebook events with five or more students to the Bubble’s events page, launched about a year later. Construction of Version 3, which allows users to create and post their own events and content, began in January 2013 and is not completely launched. Though the current version of the site serves 208 user-created bubbles and has gained more than 41,000 views since Aug. 23, “it isn’t as stable as we’d like it to be just yet,” Levy said. “It’s critically important to clarify that Emory Bubble is not fully launched,” Levy said, adding that it performs best in Chrome on desktop. Students can use their Emory Net IDs to login, he added, but the site will continue to have glitches until programmers succeed in revamping the system. “What we’re working on now is a sort of Version 3.5,” Levy said. “[Version 3] doesn’t always work for

the mobile app — 45 percent of users are successful. The site is different. It’s not like an app you download; it’s part of the Internet.” Among the startup’s eight employees, three programmers — two in operations and one designer — work full-time at Emory Bubble, fixing glitches on a 48-hour cycle, according to Levy. The time necessary for a system revamp will depend on the company’s ability to recruit more employees. “We’re in desperate need of new personnel,” Levy said, noting that additional programmers would certainly speed up the progress. Though the team plans to hire another programmer within the next month, Levy is not sure when the site will be able to fully support an entire campus, let alone other schools. “We’re holding off on going to other universities,” he said, listing Dartmouth, University of Cincinnati, Morehouse, Herzing and Georgia State as potential clients already communicating with Campus Bubble. To help speed up progress, Campus Bubble continuously posts internship positions on Eagle Ops for students interested in technology, social media and marketing. Along with gaining the experience of watching a startup take off, these interns and “brand ambassadors” make presentations to Emory departments in an effort to

garner more users. So far, French Club, Black Student Union, Outdoor Emory, Emory Baseball and Arts at Emory are some of the more than 200 bubbles formed. B-School junior Hirsh Gaikwad started working full-time at Campus Bubble in May after taking a class with Campus Bubble operations director Spencer Barkoff (’13B). “It was a sort of an ambiguous position — I was working alongside them,” Gaikwad, who now runs Emory Bubble’s Facebook page, said of his summer job. “It’s interesting to see how a startup works — how they built financial documents to pitch to investors, how they’re operating, how they’re running focus groups.” On top of gaining new employees like Gaikwad, Levy counts campuswide success at Emory among his goals for the end of 2013. “We hope to have a reliable system that thousands of students and faculty can use,” Levy said. Though co-founder McCall is starting a new business, Levy, Barkoff, Shea and Hobbins plan to stay at Campus Bubble for the long haul. “It’s nice to not have to get boring office jobs right out of college,” Levy said. “I could see myself doing this for a long time.” — Contact Lydia O’Neal at


Tuesday, September 10, 2013 Editorials Editor: Priyanka Krishnamurthy (

Our Opinion

SPC Has ‘The General’ Idea


Max Cohen

This is Max Cohen’s second cartoon published in The Emory Wheel. He is a second-year medical school student from Brooklyn, N.Y.

New Marketing Campaign Proves Successful The Student Programming Council (SPC) recently announced that this year, Homecoming Week will become “Swoop’s Week,” a tribute to Emory’s official mascot. The week is also meant to serve as the fall equivalent of “Dooley’s Week,” which occurs in the spring. In addition, SPC has revealed its lineup of performers, including Dispatch, a folk-jam band that formed in 1996, as well as comedian David Koechner (famous from “The Office” and “Anchorman”) and Spanish DJ Danny Avila. The way that SPC went about advertising and announcing this year’s performers was innovative and creative. The organization decided to introduce every artist and comedian that comes to Emory in a staggered fashion, revealing them based on a number of Facebook shares of the group’s status in order to increase the hype for each performance and the visibility of every announcement. We hope this new campaign is able to catch the attention of an indifferent crowd, those who might not normally be checking in to sources like the Wheel for announcements regarding artist lineups. It also shows that SPC is thinking outside of the box in terms of advertising. Of course, it goes without saying that you can only please so many people with announcements like these, but expanding the reach of the lineup can only be a positive for SPC. We at the Wheel find Dispatch an exceptional choice for homecoming week headliner. Though this performance may be better suited for alumni — who may have experienced Dispatch at their height during their own college years — the band’s best songs still sound relevant, and they still hold a lot of appeal for many current Emory students. The addition of Dispatch to the lineup adds a timeless touch to Swoop’s Week. Though we appreciate the innovative advertising, we find the theme of Swoop’s Week (“Let the Good Times Roll”) both ambiguous and generic. On the other hand, we recognize that the dual task of rebranding Homecoming as Swoop’s Week and creating a viable theme to go along with it posed a challenge. Perhaps SPC spent a lot of time focused on rebranding and left the creation of a full-fledged theme by the wayside — certainly understandable, given the circumstances. But then again, we do have to wonder about the conversation that led to the choice of the phrase-theme, “Let the good times roll.” Was there some debate around this? Or did the whole board simply throw up their hands and say, “let’s go with it?” Regardless, the end result is puzzling. Some may shrug their shoulders at Swoop, but we at the Wheel must ask: what’s so wrong with giving him some more love? We are supportive of SPC’s decision to give both of our mascots equal attention. Overall, we applaud SPC for making changes in their advertising strategy and in making the bold move to rebrand Homecoming. Though the theme is somewhat arbitrary, and perhaps in the future there will be more creativity involved (perhaps someday an event dedicated to a charity), we are glad to see innovation and an attempt to increase awareness coming out of SPC’s campaign for Swoop’s Week.


Ageism Exposed in ‘Breaking Bad’

Bubble Enhances Communication Despite Glitches, Site Would Benefit Students The Emory Bubble, a student-based social network that connects organizations, was officially launched at the beginning of this academic school year. The Bubble is a for-profit start-up that was largely funded by the University. The current model contains both a mobile app and a website that provide spaces for organization and communication within and between student groups. We at the Wheel find the Emory Bubble a great idea; it fills the void left by the absence of LearnLink conferences, and there is a need for this kind of communication on campus. The current Bubble is the third version of a work in progress; therefore, it has not been completely launched yet. Right now, the Bubble works best via Google Chrome and will soon launch a feature in which all notifications will be bundled into an email that will be sent at the end of the day. But unless the Emory Bubble really gains traction and becomes a centralized hub of communication, it will seem to many students just “one more website to check.” We appreciate many new aspects of the Bubble. Only members of the Bubble can see inside of it, but there are also public bubbles that anyone can enter, a nuance that was not present in LearnLink. For example, there will be moderators for the public conferences, a high level of accessibility for Emory grads (such as a potential alumni bubble) and easy-to-get notifications. But with the positives come negatives. Criticisms of the Emory Bubble stem from glitches in the mobile app as well as frequent crashes when more than 200 people are signed on. We also find it frustrating that the system has been advertised so heavily, when it is clearly not functioning smoothly. We understand, though, that this is a start-up in its early phase. The founders of the Emory Bubble certainly have their heads in the right place, and despite some obstacles, we feel there is still plenty of time for the platform to take off in popularity — and for the glitches to be addressed.

Priyanka Pai | Staff

Negative Impacts of Stereotyping Prove True

“Breaking Bad” is a great show by almost all accounts. The AMC hit TV show, which started in 2008 and will be coming to an end this fall, has won several Primetime Emmys The above staff editorials represent the majority opinion of the and is highly acclaimed both critically and Wheel’s editorial board. popularly. I will admit that I’m very late to the party, having started watching the show only a couple days ago. That said, I’m almost done with HE MORY HEEL the second season, and by the time of publicaArianna Skibell EDITOR-IN-CHIEF tion, I undoubtedly will have conquered the third season as well. Jordan Friedman Executive Editor Few TV shows have the ability to be as Volume 95 | Number 4 Lane Billings Managing Editor addicting as their subject matter, but I imagine that “Breaking Bad” comes pretty close News Editor Asst. Sports Editor Business and Advertising Nicholas Sommariva Ryan Smith to methamphetamine itself. Multiple factors Editorials Editor Asst. A&E Editor Akeel Williams BUSINESS MANAGER contribute to its success. Not only is it about Priyanka Krishnamurthy Emelia Fredlick Sports Editor Features Editor Blaire Chennault Sales Manager the production and distribution of one of the Nathaniel Ludewig Nick Bradley Maggie Daorai Design Manager Student Life Editor most dangerous drugs in the world, but it’s Copy Chief Jenna Kingsley Sonam Vashi also a well-produced show. The direction is Account Executives Arts & Entertainment Editor Associate Editors Annelise Alexander Bryce Robertson, Lena Erpaiboon, Salaar Ahmed, commendable, the writing and plot structure Mandy Kline Co-Photo Editors Christopher Hwang Przybylski, Annabelle Zhuno, Julia Justin Groot Emily Lin are engaging and the actors are consistently Leonardos Vincent Xu James Crissman Business/Advertising Office Number convincing. Online Editor Asst. News Editors Ross Fogg (404) 727-6178 Karishma Mehrotra Furthermore, the characters are complex Dustin Slade and multidimensional. The main character, Walter, is a troubled, enigmatic and highlyoverqualified chemistry teacher, and similar The Emory Wheel welcomes letters and op-ed submissions from the Emory community. depth is evident in his wife, Skylar, brother-inLetters should be limited to 300 words and op-eds should be limited to 700. Those selected law Hank and partner-in-crime Jesse. may be shortened to fit allotted space or edited for grammar, punctuation and libelous content. However, I do have a big problem with Submissions reflect the opinions of individual writers and not of the Wheel Editorial Board the main character’s teenaged son, Walter or Emory University. Send e-mail to or postal mail to The Emory Wheel, Jr. In stark contrast to every other major Drawer W, Emory University, Atlanta, Ga. 30322. character on “Breaking Bad,” Walter Jr. is one-dimensional, shallow and predictable. He




is a stereotypical teenager: rude, obnoxious and aloof. At least by the end of Season Two, Walter Jr. has yet to have any significant redeeming qualities.

Ageism is as legitimate of a problem as racism and sexism. For me this is problematic, as Walter Jr. is the only representative of young people in the show. Granted, I am only informed by a total of 20 episodes at this point, but the principal is the same. If a black character were similarly unsympathetic for two entire seasons against a backdrop of strong, well-rounded white characters, the show would be heavily criticized. (As it stands, the only black character in the show is an oncologist who is responsible for treating Walter’s lung cancer.) You may be asking, “What’s the big deal? I think Walter Jr. is a pretty accurate character. Teenagers are typically rude and obnoxious.” Of course, the big deal with these stereotypes is the same big deal as with all stereotypes: they are not true, and they give an unfairly negative image of the subject. Young people occupy a unique position in society. Short of getting a sex-change operation or bleaching your skin, age is the

only fluid demographic. As such, it may not seem important to identify instances in which young people are generalized and stereotyped. After all, we were all young once, so we all know what it was like. But this thinking only legitimizes and encourages the continued marginalization of a significant portion of the population which has virtually no political representation or economic power — young people cannot vote and disproportionately live in low-income families. For the writers of “Breaking Bad” to create a character as unsympathetic as Walter Jr. based on the fact that he is young is not only lazy on their part, it is also insulting. Discrimination and stereotyping based on age is just as damaging to society as discrimination and stereotyping based on race, gender, sexual orientation or any other identity. Walter Jr. behaves exactly as you would expect a 15or 16-year-old teenager to behave, and therein lies the problem. What if he behaved exactly as you would “expect” an African-American person or a gay person to behave? Granted I am not even halfway through the series yet, but ageism is as legitimate of a problem as racism or sexism. Even one or two instances of racism in a show as popular as “Breaking Bad” would undoubtedly cause public uproar. Why should a distinct pattern of ageism be any more acceptable? William Hupp is a College junior from Little Rock, Ark.


Tuesday, September 10, 2013



Popular Culture vs. Politics: Is One More Important? The Importance of Discussing All Aspects of News and Media MARY CLAIRE KELLY Miley Cyrus’s tongue-writhing, gluteshaking VMA performance has exploded across the blogosphere in the past two weeks. Milliseconds after she strut forth from a giant teddy bear’s mouth, Facebook statuses and tweets began pouring from smartphones onto news feeds. Later, these initial judgments would be joined by articles comparing her overtly-sexual performance to earlier, more well-received acts by female artists like Britney Spears and Madonna. Other blog posts have analyzed her routine from sociological perspectives, trying to explain why the performance seemed so grotesque to so many people. But for every tweet, article, status or blog post about Cyrus’ “We Can’t Stop,” there is the perennial reply: who cares? This phrase is usually followed with the argument that Cyrus is a performance artist whose entire career depends on people talking about her. She is a brand and a label with her best advertising being gossip. She lives to shock people. Allowing ourselves to be shocked by her only gives her more notoriety and therefore more money and more tabloid headlines. Chatter about a pop star’s shallow antics are therefore not only a waste of time but also something to be avoided because they encourage the “artist” to act in other superficially annoying ways. Cyrus’ own comments validate this point of view. “What’s amazing now — it’s three days later, and people are still talking about it. They’re thinking over it. You’re thinking about it more than I thought about it when I did it,” she said in a video clip provided to MTV News by a documentary crew. Even according to Cyrus herself, any analysis of her performance beyond a superficial level is reading too much into the situation. She is only there to entertain, not make you think. Were you not entertained? The final argument of the person encour-

Mariana Hernandez | Staff

aging pop culture apathy is that these discussions distract the public from other, more important issues like the pending war with Syria or global poverty. Time wasted on Miley Cyrus could be spent raising awareness about a noble issue or reading up on more serious news. You could maybe even do your homework instead! I usually share the feeling among my peers that a lot of American pop culture is shallow and does not represent me. I have never watched the VMAs and probably never will. I didn’t even know they were on until people

on my news feed began posting about them. Still, I see value in open dialogue about Cyrus’ performance. I think shutting down these conversations with phrases like “who cares?” or “this is stupid” is destructive. Popular culture is popular. Meaning that a large percentage of the population is invested in it and enjoys it, regardless of how corporate our music industry has become or how similar many top 40 songs sound. Pop music sells because people like it. Therefore pop culture, especially pop music, is an outlet to reach a lot of people. Ideas and trends spread through

pop music as easily as one catchy chord progression. At the same time, popular culture is a reflection of what the majority of the public like and find acceptable. The fact that so many people found so much to talk about in the VMA performance shows that it was a subject worthy of discussion. It shows that, in that short exhibition and in the initial reaction to it, many members of the American public saw their own pop culture sending messages they did not agree with. They did not like it, and they did not like that

it was formerly considered acceptable. I saw people objecting to Cyrus’s overtly sexual performance, the way in which she uses black culture to enhance her image, her use of black women as “twerking” back-up dancers, other people “slut-shaming” Cyrus, the public attention on Cyrus instead of on Robin Thicke, who also performed a controversial song at the VMAs, and Cyrus’ status as a role model for many young women. Individuals making these points are critiquing the society to which they belong and which they help create. They make these points in the hope of making it better, according to their own definition of “good.” Discussions like these are how we as individuals check the cultural balance between the ideas and values fed to us and the ideas and values we support. This back-and-forth can lead to positive change in our society. Shutting down public discourse because it doesn’t affect you only limits the possibility of someone else making changes important to them. Conversations about Cyrus’ performance aren’t necessarily about her. Rather, they are about people discovering a disconnect between themselves and the culture with which they identify. Telling others that there are “more important” things to talk about not only ignores other people’s experiences but also implies that shutting down one conversation is magically going to transfer that misspent energy to those other issues. If there are more serious topics of conversation that you find more important, then you can very easily talk about them yourself. People are not going to suddenly start chatting about foreign policy because you’ve told them that their own conversation is “stupid” and a “waste of time.” We live in a society where speech is a protected freedom. Conversation is free, in both senses of the word, so why not have as much of it as possible? So, who does care? Maybe not you, but definitely someone else. Mary Claire Kelly is a College senior from Tucker, Ga.


Invalidating Libertarianism A Defense of the Government The past few decades have witnessed a The most basic example is the American great level of mistrust in government. In idea of a universal public education — a conrecent years especially, the idea of libertari- tribution to the world that is essential toward anism has reached a vogue status in much of our economic success and is now standard in American politics. developed countries. Libertarianism ideals are espoused from One of the most triumphant moments of the elderly Tea Party supporters to the young past century was landing a man on the moon. Ron Paul crowd, and it Not only did it revoluis easy to understand tionize our understandwhy. The war in Iraq ing of science, but it As a political philosophy, its also inspired the world and the 2008 financial crisis have eroded an of what humankind is already low faith in principles run contrary to much capable of accomplishgovernment and by Government works of this essential American ideal. ing. contrast, libertarian like NASA, the Hoover rhetoric sounds like a Dam and the Human pleasant affirmation of Genome Project have the American ideal that says one must pull added enormous knowledge and economic himself up by his bootstrap without the help value to public life. Similar undertakings desof anyone. perately need to be implemented if the United Libertarianism does, however, ignore States wants to maintain its place in the world another equally-important American ideal of and continue to be a land of economic opporbeing a nation in which anyone can succeed. tunity and social mobility. This requires a level of government involveAnd for a favorite libertarian talking point ment with which libertarianism is incom- that “the government has never created a patible. As a political philosophy, its prin- job,” all one needs to do to disprove this ciples run contrary to much of this essential nonsensical idea is look at the Serviceman’s American ideal. Readjustment Act of 1944, better known The “V for Vendetta” sound byte: “People as the G.I. Bill, in which millions of young should not be afraid of their governments; Americans were able to receive a college or government should be afraid of their people,” technical education. and Henry David Thoreau’s belief that the Libertarians are also quick to point out “government governs best, which governs that World War II was what caused the end least” define the philosophy of libertarianism. of the Great Depression rather than the New But after simple examination, it is doubtful Deal programs, but either way, it did require that the realization of either idea, along with government spending. the libertarian philosophy as a whole, would The biggest economic and educational be desirable for anyone. expansion in American history occurred Of course, no one wants the people to be when — you guessed it — the government afraid of the government and the rule of the played a positive role for both individuals and Communist Party in China is an obvious the public as a whole. reminder of this, but when a government fears One must not look at the role of governits people, the result is drastic political insta- ment in binary terms in which it has either no bility akin to what is currently happening in influence or unlimited power. the Middle East. The post office and DMV prove on an Wouldn’t a positive relationship between hourly basis that in some areas, the prithe two be a better alternative to a constant vate sector is much more efficient than the state of fear or chaos? government. And by definition, Thoreau’s statement There are also familiar excesses of govfavors a disintegration of the social contract in ernment that range from seemingly constant which people would become free to do as they military intervention in other countries to the please with a great reduction of the benefits of tax code or laws like New York City Mayor living in a civil society. Michael Bloomberg’s ban on large, sugary As easy as it is to complain about taxes drinks. But there are areas of public life in or the government’s role in the citizen’s life, which the government has an advantage over as libertarians are prone to do, roads and a the private sector. police force are essential for the most basic John Donne said that no man is an island, functions of society. In fact, libertarians and and this idea applies to politics and public life those who espouse their ideology are often as much as the American ideals of doing big, those with the most to gain from increased bold things that have never been done before, public spending. expanding the possibilities of humanity and For the United States to enjoy its place as securing opportunity for all. All of which the world’s preeminent superpower, the role of are more enduring than the fleeting trend of government needs to extend well beyond such libertarianism. basic functions and involve investment in the Online Editor Ross Fogg is a College public good. senior from Fayetteville, Ga.

Katrina Worsham | Staff

Misguided Global Warming Policies Exploring the Effects of CO2 and SO2 KENTUCKY MORROW Many global warming alarmists have created apocalyptic scenarios where nations are flooded out of existence. For example, hurricanes are unstoppable and drought causes famine globally. These frightening scenarios have often drawn attention to what is believed to be the main contributor of global warming: carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. Those who worry about global warming believe the government must take action via Cap and Trade, Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulations and other government regulations that attempt to decrease coal and other CO2 producing products. These policies, although well-intentioned, will have the exact same adverse effects on the earth’s climate that alarmists wish to prevent. The reason alarmists’ policies to prevent CO2 emissions backfire and actually increase global warming comes from another gas emitted by burning coal or other CO2 emitting products. This gas is SO2, an aerosol that actually has a cooling effect on the earth. In his 2008 article, “Why Reducing Sulfate Aerosol Emissions Complicate Efforts to Moderate Climate Change,” Zeke Hausfather, who holds a Master of Arts in Environmental Management from Yale University and is the chief scientist of Energy Efficiency 2.0, describes a 50-percent decrease in aerosol emissions as an effect of decreasing coal fire plants. The study found that the removal of aerosol from the atmosphere “would increase global temperatures by roughly .36 degrees Celsius” and that the total net effect is when

“warming suddenly becomes 1.70 degrees Celsius,” instead of the current pace projected by scientists (1.34 degrees Celsius). The case for aerosol continuation becomes even stronger when you look at a full decrease in our emissions of sulfur aerosols. The full decrease would cause the earth to “warm by another 1.2 degrees (1.6 Watt/ m2) above the present level, resulting in near doubling of global warming,” according to Andrew Glikson, an Earth and Paleoclime scientist at the Australian National University. The detrimental effects of decreasing carbonbased emissions are especially bad given some scientists believe that a two-degree ceiling exists where earth will be able to respond without the cataclysmic effects of global warming occurring. Glikson notes that the “magical two-degree ceiling determined by governments is only holding thanks to effective, if unintended, geo-engineering by suphur dioxide.” The effect of regulations on carbon based emissions is best summarized by Almut Arneth, a professor at the Department of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Analysis at Lund University, Sweden and Nadine Unger, a researcher at the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies, Center for Climate Systems Research at Columbia University when they say “pollution control could accelerate climate change.” The question many people ask is, if aerosols and CO2 emissions occur at the same time, wouldn’t a decrease in both solve the bad emissions sufficiently to make the loss of SO2 an irrelevant concern? The problem with this assumption comes from the lifetime in the atmosphere that each substance spends. The fact that “CO2 and SO2 are emitted simultaneously, but SO2 has a much shorter lifetime (days) in

the atmosphere than CO2 with a lifetime of around 100 years. This implies that a simultaneous reduction of CO2 and SO2 can result in an initial increase in radiative forcing, as the reduction of aerosols is translated much faster into a forcing signal than the reduction of CO2,” according to Jessica Strefler, Gunnar Lunderer and Elmar Kriegler of the Postam Institute of Climate Impact Research in Germany. The result of the decrease in both CO2 and SO2 simultaneously is that the warming effects of CO2 remain in the atmosphere for a century, but the cooling effect of SO2 is quickly lost, leaving Earth’s climate far worse off than had no emissions reductions occurred. Although well-intended, policies which attempt to regulate the amount of carbonbased emissions put the cart before the horse. The reduction of both CO2 and SO2 result in a net positive increase in the temperatures on the Earth and actually increase the rate of global warming beyond the “magical 2 degree threshold.” A better policy forward would be to pursue carbon sequestration technology where we will be able to reduce the harmful CO2 emissions from carbon based fuels and allow for the continuation of the cooling effect of SO2 and other aerosols while we search for new energies that don’t rely on carbon. Rational policy makers must not fall victim to the dilemma of trying to respond to a crisis and ignoring the externalities of their policy. Regulation of carbon and a decrease in emissions is a good goal, but without considering the affects such policies would have on aerosols policy makers may actually create policies detrimental to desired outcomes. Kentucky Morrow is a College freshman from Edina, Minn.



Tuesday, September 10, 2013


Crossword Puzzle Sudoku 1 4 8 13 14 15 16 17

19 21 22 23 27 28 32 34 37 38 39 41 42 44 45 46


ACROSS Aesop animal Frisbee, e.g. Notable watchmakers Abbr. in two state names Mattress giant Ship of 1492 It makes gray go away Make off with some raffle tickets? Loosen, as a knot “Give ___ whirl” Lake creators Make off with some kitchenware? “Great blue” wader Washes away Italian exile island Shredded Scene of gladiatorial combat “That stinks!” Make off with some vehicles? Sports V.I.P. Luau greeting Lot in life Word repeated in “___ will be ___” Washington city in apple-growing country Confederacy foe

50 55 58 59 60

64 65 66 67 68 69 70

1 2 3 4

5 6 7 8 9

The New York Times Syndication Sales Corporation 500 Seventh Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10018 For Information Call: 1-800-972-3550 For Release Tuesday, September 10, 2013 Edited by Will Shortz

Make off with some cash? Attraction for a butterfly Big guns in D.C. lobbying? Open, as a jacket Make off with some gym equipment? Actress Lupino Also-ran First lady between Bess and Jackie Circus safety precaution O. Henry work Cauldron or sword in “Macbeth,” say Test for an M.A. applicant DOWN Make sense Decline Pad of drawing paper Fed. overseer of the Controlled Substances Act Vex Container for a draft of ale Desert bloomers Fitness facility British royal name since 1917























4 14







20 24














47 50

48 51




37 40















27 32


















Llama herder of old


Winder on a watch


Shopping venue with the options “Books” and “Toys & Hobbies”


One of two of Henry VIII’s six


Not idle


She gets whatever she wants in “Damn Yankees”

Form tight curls in


“Horrible” Viking, in the comics


Downy duck


Sudden outpouring




Mob gone wild


“Assuming that’s true …”


Ironically humorous


Payer of many dr. bills


Helpful hint


Wise off to


Rodeo wrestling target





Big retailer of home accessories

Color TV pioneer


Devour eagerly


Woman’s sleeveless undergarment, informally


Dog in Oz Book publisher Alfred A. ___


Pitching stats


Doing the job of an attack ad


A deadly sin


Gullible ones


Actress Russo


Type who wears tight-fitting jeans and thickrimmed glasses, maybe


Cold war capital

For answers, call 1-900-285-5656, $1.49 a minute; or, with a credit card, 1-800814-5554. Annual subscriptions are available for the best of Sunday crosswords from the last 50 years: 1-888-7-ACROSS. AT&T users: Text NYTX to 386 to download puzzles, or visit mobilexword for more information. Online subscriptions: Today’s puzzle and more than 2,000 past puzzles, nytimes. com/crosswords ($39.95 a year). Share tips: Crosswords for young solvers:

SUDOKU Instructions: •Each row, column and “area” (3-by-3 square) should contain the numbers 1 to 9. Rules: •Each number can appear only once in each row. •Each number can appear only once in each column. •Each number can appear only once in each area.













No. 0806


Arts&Entertainment Tuesday, September ,  A&E Editor: Annelise Alexander (




North Star Strikes Gold

Creating the Perfect Love Song By Emma Reidy Contributing Writer

as Trench puts it, “in the same vicinity, in the same zip-code, but not together” to take down cartel head Papi Greco (Edward James Olmos) and make things fair. “2 Guns” twists itself around and knots itself up a bit too much to make it a classic, but Kormákur holds true to the shoot-‘em-up, don’t think too much, “straight man and the fool” form. It’s based on the graphic novel series by Steven Grant, although that origin is hard to tell from just watching the film. Graphics and pacing more closely derived from the comic books would have added a kind of depth and

What is the perfect love song? Some might say that it’s a ballad with ample references to the night sky and eternal love. Others lean towards a pop song about the euphoria of love. For others still, it might be an R&B song about the struggle to find love that lasts in the end. What if one song existed that could combine all of these things? This has now been done. In the spirit of full disclosure, when I was asked to listen to and review the new John Legend album, I had no idea who he was. This scandalized my mom and roommate, who both knew of him and insisted upon his greatness. As a skeptic, I refused to believe this until I heard the new album for myself, but I have to say that I now agree. Legend’s new album Love in the Future is composed of 16 songs and reflects his relationship status: the singer is engaged and very clearly in love with both his fiancé and the experiences he is having. Every single song, presented in Legend’s strong, rich voice, can best be described as real. Supported mainly by a piano, a guitar and sheer harmony, many of the songs on this album are clean, unadorned love — and meant to be that way, as embellishment would detract from the message — that needs no hype. It is perfect in its simplicity. However, Legend does include some other techniques, like technological enhancement, trumpet and violin features as well as exotic percussion. There is something on Love in the Future for everyone, a testament to Legend’s impressive versatility as an artist. He dares to include dance songs, ballads and everything in between, all on one album. Yet, the most impressive thing about this work is the track that combines every feeling and stylistic

See A COMIC, Page 10

See THE, Page 10

By Farha Pirani Contributing Writer Before this Saturday night, my experience of the world of percussion was limited to a few elementary school music classes of kids pounding xylophones with no sense of rhythm whatsoever. The performance by the North Star Percussion Trio at the Schwartz Center for Performing Arts not only entertained but also opened the eyes of those who attended to the dynamic and captivating art of percussion. The North Star Percussion Trio is a regularly touring percussion group consisting of three musicians and music educators from Georgia: Joel Boss, Mike Glaze and McKinley Stinson, Jr. The concert began with the musicians walking onto the stage and stopping at the first of several groups of instruments, which consisted of three drum sets. They opened with “DIN” by Andy Harnsberger, which was an energetic piece that immediately drew in the crowd. One by one, the musicians began to drum, starting slowly then building up to a loud beat that prompted many in the audience to start nodding their heads. The piece had an almost tribal quality to it, like it was telling some ancient story of the world. It was impossible for the audience not to move along with the music. A little girl in the row in front of me grinned and played imaginary drums in front of her. If the first piece was analogous to a wild rainforest, the second piece, “Sculptures in Wood” by Rudgier Pawassar, was a calm stream. All three musicians played the marimbas, and their pure notes glided effortlessly from one to the next. The transitions were smooth, yet each note seemed to linger, capturing the audience’s full attention. The entire

See NORTH, Page 10

Courtesy of Universal Studios

Denzel Washington and Mark Wahlberg star in Baltasar Kormákur’s “2 Guns,” now playing in theaters worldwide. Kormákur was best known for 2012’s “Contraband,” also starring Mark Wahlberg.

Explosions, Stealing and ‘Guns’ By Ellie Kahn Contributing Writer A train rattles past a stopped car on a road to a modest Texas town, and we wait patiently as it passes to meet exactly who we’re expecting to meet in the front seat of the car: the duo we’ve devoted our night to, the duo we’ve spent 11 dollars on and the duo we’ve silenced our cell phones for: the titular “2 Guns” with Officer Stig Stigman (Mark Wahlberg, “The Fighter”), who winks to get what he wants, and Officer Bobby Trench (Denzel Washington), who wears his shades indoors. Together, the duo make a sum greater than its parts. The bawdy pair of “2 Guns,” a

2 Guns Now Playing Starring: Mark Wahlberg, Denzel Washington

film by Icelandic director Baltasar Kormákur, who only recently made the switch from offbeat international flicks to American action films such as last winter’s “Contraband” (also starring Wahlberg), centers around a plot to rob a bank of $3 million. This is the audience’s initial understanding of the plot — until it thickens.

As the duo sits in the diner (the one with the good donuts across from the bank), the viewer can tell through observing the duo’s banter and slightness of gestures that they’ve done this before, and we decide then and there that we’re in it with them and that we really want them to win. It soon becomes clear that the duo we’ve decided to root for isn’t really a duo at all, but actually two individual undercover officers — Bobby, an agent from the DEA, and Stig, a naval intelligence officer — who are unsuspectingly running investigations on each other. Together, they blindly get to the source of a corrupt plot mastered by CIA lunatic (Bill Paxton) and work,



The Dual World of ‘Elysium’ By Uyen Hoang Contributing Writer

voice-cracked brand of DIY heroism, his KickAss persona inspired a movement of masked vigilantism across the country. Meanwhile, Chloe Grace Moretz returns as Mindy Macready, who was orphaned in the first film’s most poignant scene. She continues living out her late father’s crime-fighting legacy in secret as the scenestealing vigilante Hit-Girl of toddler foulmouthed fame. In this film, she’s a little older and a little more economical about her language (for every uttered swear, she pays a dollar to the “Swear Jar”). And there sure isn’t a swear jar big enough to contain what she has to say about the “normal” teenaged life her foster-father Marcus believes she needs. According to him, the vigilante lifestyle, especially when fueled by a grown-up’s vengeance, is no good for young

Imagine a world where Earth is flooded with catastrophes and only a few are selected to be on a Noah’s Ark hovering above those who suffer. In the vein of Neill Blomkamp’s breakout science fiction/action film, “District 9,” “Elysium” brings that idea to life. The film promises yet another revolution in a futuristic dystopian Earth. But unfortunately for Blomkamp, “Elysium” doesn’t match the colossal success of “District 9” due to its muddled plots, excessive violent scenes and lack of character depth. Set in the year 2154, “Elysium” is named after a blazing, man-made space station orbiting an overpopulated, polluted and poverty-stricken Earth. It seems as if the whole world dissolves, and the only two countries to exist in this futuristic time are Elysium and Earth. Elysium is home to the incredibly wealthy, where diseases and catastrophes simply don’t exist. There, most Elysian dwellers live in modern mansions with shimmering swimming pools and enjoy a nearly magical health care system: everyone owns a MedBay machine, a pod that can instantly cure any sickness or injuries. This gated paradise is protected by Jessica Delacourt (Jodie Foster, “The Silence of the Lambs”), the Secretary of Defense, who aims to prevent Earthlings from entering Elysium. She ruthlessly shoots down any spaceships attempting to make it across the border. Those who make it through are immediately “deported.” Much to Delacourt’s dis-

See KICK-ASS, Page 10

See ELYSIUM, Page 10

Courtesy of Universal Pictures

Aaron Taylor-Johnson as Kick-Ass, and Christopher Mintz-Plasse as “The Motherf---er,” face off in Universal Pictures’ “Kick-Ass 2.” The film was directed by Jeff Wadlow, who also wrote the screenplay.

Vigilante Teens Return to ‘Kick-Ass’ By Malika Gumpangkum Contributing Writer What did we love about the first “Kick-Ass?” An 11-year-old girl trained to cut down a drug den with only a penknife, while slinging the not-so-nice names of “p---y” and “c--ts” at roomfuls of grown men three times her size. A chicken-armed, bespectacled teenager wholeheartedly taking up vigilantism, while wearing a vibrant green costume that bore little to no resemblance to the coat-of-arms of Krypton. The first “Kick-Ass” was released in 2010 and was written, directed and produced by Matthew Vaughn who before then had directorial and producer’s credits for gritty, ironic and bloody stylish British gangster films, including “Lock, Stock and Two Smoking Barrels,” “Snatch” and “Layer Cake,” hot in his trouser pockets. This fact, however, escaped the rather

Kick-Ass 2 Now Playing Starring: Aaron Taylor-Johnson, Chloe Grace Moretz

ugly beast of expectation for “Kick-Ass.” When it comes to emotional value and movie craft quality, though, the film ended up something of a dark horse to me, since it was promoted and marketed as a “Scary Movie 29341.3” of San Diego Comic-Con. Accordingly, I apportioned and downsized my expectations for the inevitable screening. The film actually ended up being a gleeful shot of adrenaline, wit, satire and stylishness into the broody cheese of the superhero genre. It was

compellingly complete with brilliantly-paced action sequences and well-placed emotional development of both the plot and the instantly beloved kitchen-sink heroes. Expectation, in the case of the first “Kick-Ass,” was joyously rocketed away. Critical expectation and responsibility to the successes of the first film, however, were the real super villains of its sequel. “Kick-Ass 2” is directed by Jeff Wadlow, whose directorial credits include “Cry_Wolf” and the MMA high school drama “Never Back Down,” with Vaughn taking on the role of producer. The film predictably picks up a couple years after where the first left off. Aaron TaylorJohnson reprises the role of Dave Lizewski, now a senior in high school and retired from his vigilante escapades as Kick-Ass. In the two years since he first debuted his




Tuesday, September 10, 2013

‘Kick-Ass 2’ Trades Characters for Humor Continued from Page 9

Courtesy of The Artists Organization

John Legend’s latest album, Love in the Future, was released on Sept. 3. The album, Legend’s fourth, was his first solo effort since 2008.

The Stuff Legends Are Made Of Continued from Page 9 technique in the album into four minutes and 10 seconds. “You & I,” inconspicuously listed as track 14 of 16, evokes the feeling of the quintessential love song. Opening with a simple guitar accompaniment, Legend’s sincerity is unmistakable from the very first note. The first verse describes a common theme in male music: his lack of understanding as to how his lover cannot see how beautiful she is (a theme echoed in recent songs by artists as varied as Bruno Mars and Rascal Flatts). Legend does this almost mockingly, stating that she was “fine in [his] eyes a half hour ago,” whether or not she can see it. The main theme of the song is that she is the only one he needs, that she makes the stars shine brighter and that, to him, there is nobody else in the world, and he

will never leave her. It’s all been said thousands of times by poets, singers and everyday people. But what struck me most about “You & I,” and what will keep me playing it on repeat, is its minimalism. When some people are in love, they want to shout it from the rooftops, but Legend does just the opposite. The entire song comes from merely a guitar, Legend’s voice and some percussion: the lyrics are the center of the song, and he does not need anything else. The lyrics are unassuming as well. It comes across like Legend just wrote down a conversation he had with this girl and put it to music. This was the most remarkable thing about the album in my mind, because it doesn’t happen very often that someone is so willing to bare their soul to the entire listening world, but Legend is in love and doesn’t care who knows it.

This reflects the entire album in its plainness and truth — it does not go along with the theatrics and showiness of most modern music, and this is what sets it apart. Amazingly, there are no bad songs on Love in the Future. Each track is unique and adds something new to the record, creating a rich compilation that is certainly worth listening to, no matter where you are in life. Whether you want to listen to songs about love all day or not, the value of this effort is not simply in its message but also in its artistic value. It is unpretentious and genuine, qualities not easily found in music today. Though this artist may not be as renowned as the pop singers we hear on the radio every day, his sheer talent and sincerity set him apart and make him truly — as his name would suggest — a legend.

— Contact Emma Reidy at

Mindy’s psychology. When Marcus catches Hit-Girl attempting to renew her crime-fighting team with KickAss, she is forced to trade in her mask and nunchucks for rehabilitative One Direction parodies, dance squad auditions and Queen Bee stings. Because a “real” and normal life, dear Mindy, is a “Mean Girls” knock-off. Christopher Mintz-Plasse also reprises his role as Chris D’Amico, mourning his murdered mob-boss father from the first film. Hell-bent on exacting revenge against Kick-Ass, he does away with his Red Mist persona from the first movie and is born-again as “The Motherf--ker”. The Motherf---er, costumed in his deceased mommy’s all-black wet leather bondage provocateur pieces, makes an amusing Freudian nightmare out of the spirit Marvel Comic’s rival: Batman. He even calls himself an “evil Bruce Wayne” and squeakily proclaims, “my super power is that I’m rich as f--k.” These are his most memorable lines and moments in his lackluster fish tank of racist humor. In his quest to become the world’s first super villain, he purchases an international team of deadly criminals which includes Mother Russia — a freakishly hulkish, cannibalistic and deadly-strong man-woman with neckbreaking thighs and cropped peroxide blonde hair. And yes, really: The Motherf---er and Mother Russia on the same team is nothing short of one of the most enjoyable standouts of the film. Ultimately, “Kick-Ass 2” falls short of its Vaughn predecessor. The most glaringly apparent flaw in the film lies in its incessant and strained panhandling for humor in the wrong places, from its lame over-dependency on sex and genital jokes to attempted comic relief in a nearrape scene: after goons forcefully pin down a DIY super heroine in the bathroom, and one super-villain fails to “get in the mood,” we are supposed to shriek with laughter at his “limp” character. Whether or not this happened in the actual comic book version or not, moments like the latter example do nothing for the hackneyed work of subverting reality and fantasy violence when portrayed on-screen. The film tends to fall back on tired

Courtesy of Universal Pictures

Chloe Grace Moretz in costume as Mindy Macready, or Hit-Girl, in this summer’s “Kick-Ass 2.” Moretz originally brought the character to life in the first “Kick-Ass,” released in 2010. genre conventions and DC Comics’ enmity in place of actual character development. In portraying Hit-Girl’s conflict of submitting to finding a niche in high school hierarchy, the script insultingly consults “Mean Girls” and “Carrie” to eye-rolling effect. For

The film tends to fall back on tired genre conventions and DC Comics enmity in place of actual character development. much of the film, Hit-Girl/Mindy’s main antagonist is Regina George 2.0, who informs her at the cool kids’ lunch table, “you wanna get real Minky? In the real world, I win. I go to an awesome college, I marry a hot guy and I make adorable babies for my nanny to take care of while we vacay in Paree. My life is gonna rock!”

Commendation, however, goes to Moretz for charismatically committing to her badas--, self-actualized character. She still steals every scene they put her in. And though she is forced to jump those banal and cliché plot hoops before she is finally allowed to jump walls and high-speeding cars as HitGirl, no love is lost. But crushing my hopes, there simply was not enough of Mindy as Hit-Girl — the soul of the franchise. Other important character arcs and emotional climaxes (i.e. certain character deaths) of the film are rushed and cheaply passed off at an irritating pace. Time and again, perfunctorily placed traumatic events and revenge plots are taken for granted as characterization — but no single character, except perhaps Hit-Girl and The Motherf---er, leaps out for audiences to cheer for or against. Overall, the film retains the “fun” factor of its predecessor. It is a go-to for a playful romp of masturbation jokes, live action video-game gore and Comic Con gawking summer fun. It is the “Kick-Ass” follow-up us fans have always deserved, but did not want.

— Contact Malika Gumpangkum at

‘Elysium’ Explores Power and Wealth, But Doesn’t Stand Above the Rest Continued from Page 9 may, the President of Elysium asks her to loosen her iron grip. Disliking the fact that her power is threatened, Delacourt plots a revolution of her own by asking John Carlyle (William Fichtner, “The Lone Ranger”), the writer of Elysium’s core control system, to reboot Elysium’s computer and install Delacourt as the unimpeded president of Elysium. Back on Earth, we encounter Max De Costa (Matt Damon, “Good Will Hunting”), an ex-convict who is now a factory worker for Carlyle. After being exposed to a fatal dosage of radiation at work, De Costa faces

the cruel nature of his society, where social class tension is the only thing that keeps him from getting proper medical care. Determined to beat his fate; De Costa agrees to be part of a scheme set up by Spider (Wagner Moura, “Father’s Chair”), head of a local gang, to enter Elysium. Spider provides him with an exosuit that turns him into a hybrid, half-droid half-human. Using this exosuit, De Costa can hijack brain data from a citizen of Elysium and its heavy security system. Max selects his former boss, Carlyle, for this purpose. Little does he know that Carlyle has the entire

Elysium Now Playing Starring: Matt Damon, Jodie Foster

core control system of Elysium saved in his brain. Upon learning that Spider’s mission has interrupted her plans, the cold-blooded Delacourt sends her sadistic sleeper agent, Kruger (Sharlto Copley, “District 9”), to catch Max retrieve the data. While Max is on the run from Kruger, he reconnects with his child-

hood friend, a nurse named Frey (Alice Braga, “I Am Legend”). Frey asks him to bring her daughter, who’s in the final stages of leukemia, to Elysium. Frey’s character serves as a symbol for good and a mother figure in Blomkamp’s story, though she does very little to gain empathy from the audience. We soon learn that Delacourt’s hunger for power relinquishes rather quickly after she is betrayed and wounded by her own man, Kruger. She simply just gives up rather than fights and tries to survive. There is a big gap in the development of her character in this movie. Blomkamp constructs her to be ruthless and power-driven from the

beginning. Yet he takes her out of the picture so easily that she hardly seems to be the true villain of this movie. The same is to say about other characters in this movie. Max is hardly the unsung hero who yearns for social equality: he simply wants a cure for himself, and Frey wants the same thing for her daughter. Mishaps happen and they become the underdogs to be hunted. The revolution that they’ve started is just a result from a string of insignificant incidents. There remains a certain emptiness within each character that makes it difficult for the audience to truly understand and care for them.

In “Elysium,” Blomkamp remains a strong director despite his failure as a writer. In the scene where Kruger’s face is grotesquely deformed by a grenade, he shows how the human body can be easily twisted, blasted and burn. Human bodies seem rather weak and vulnerable in a world run by machines, robots and heavy weapons. “Elysium” simply crumbles under the weight of its own ambition. Though it tries to tackle big issues of race, war and inequality, the film lacks the substance to stand above the rest in the dystopian film genre.

— Contact Uyen Hoang at

North Star Explores Tribal Music, Gershwin Continued from Page 9

Courtesy of Universal Pictures

“2 Guns,” starring Denzel Washington and Mark Wahlberg, maintains a comic book feel, providing all the explosions and shooting that one could ever want out of a summer movie.

A Comic Book Feel With New Dimension Continued from Page 9 sophistication to the movie it otherwise lacked and would have made it something closer to art. “2 Guns” relies on its two main characters for the meat rather than the effects and its quick dialogue for comedic value rather than physical absurdity. It’s a relationship film more than an action one. Money is stolen and handled and smuggled, things explode and catch on fire but ultimately, we’re here to get to know these guys while they get to know each other.

And both Washington and Wahlberg are quite good at convincing us of it. About halfway through the movie, both men figure out that the other is undercover, and their boyish instincts take over and turn into a neck-andneck car chase. They finally get out of their trucks, step into the Texas desert and wrestle each other to the ground. Bobby then says to Stig, “All right, all right, on the count of three, we’ll let each other go.” Neither lets go after they’ve counted, and they remain lying there on the

ground hugging each other in what turns out to be the strongest scene in the film. The film ends where it begins — in the diner — with Stig giving us the same line we hear from Bobby in the beginning: “You ever heard the saying, ‘Don’t rob the bank across from the diner that has the best donuts in 3 counties?’” but it doesn’t matter that it’s cliché. The movie itself is a big, sprawling cliché, and consequently leaves little room for anything that could come off as too formulaic. The film could have been even

simpler, even more true to cartoon form and would have still accomplished its goal of giving the audience a lot of stuff to watch and not too much to think about. It’s an appealing film and nothing more. There are no politics or symbolism or scenes that make you want to run your hands through your hair and think about where you went wrong. Kormákur took a graphic novel and gave us dimension without headache.

— Contact Ellie Kahn at

hall was hushed and still as the trio performed the enchanting melody. The final number before intermission, “Rancho Jubilee” by Andrew Biel, was played on cajons, or wooden rectangular boxes. The percussionists sat on these boxes at the edge of the stage and drummed the front side of the box with their hands. The use of hand drumming and clapping to create simple and natural-feeling music forged a connection between the audience and performers. The smile that broke out on one of the performer’s face was soon mirrored on the faces of many in the audience. After intermission, the percussion trio performed several classic Cole Porter and George Gershwin songs, arranged by Anders Astrand. Compared to the first half of the concert, a few of the songs were slightly cheesy and redundant, but overall catchy and enjoyable to listen to. The performers loosened up and began to move and shake their heads to the rhythm of the songs. The audience seemed more comfortable and into the music as well, occasionally whistling and calling out. Using a drum set and mallet instruments, the performers played a percussion cover of the song “Two Little Babes in the Woods” by Porter. The drumbeats in the piece reverberated so deeply that they could not only be heard but felt by those in attendance. Like “Sculptures in

Wood,” the mystical notes remained with the audience long after they had been played. One of the most popular compositions of the night was the trio’s cover of “Anything Goes” by Porter. Though not immediately recognizable, as the piece progressed, many in the audience realized with pleasant surprise that they had heard the wellknown tune before. The popular and playful piece, although played with percussion instruments, was every bit as charming as Reeno Sweeny herself in the famous Broadway musical. One of the last pieces of the night — and my very favorite — was a cover of “Summertime” by Gershwin, which left the audience enthralled. The confident performance managed to capture the soul, emotion and energy of the jazz era and was not only satisfyingly familiar but an impressively unique take on the famous song. The trio finished the concert with the number “I Got Rhythm,” another jazz piece by Gershwin, and the audience gave the three musicians a standing ovation, applauding a performance so successful that both the performers and the audience gave their full attention and participation in the experience of the music. From the very start, there was no beat, note or movement from the stage that wasn’t matched by an intake of breath, nod of the head or faint smile from the crowd.

— Contact Farha Pirani at


Tuesday, September 10, 2013

agle xchange TUE 10

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I always tell my friends to read this section, and they never do.

SAT 14

Furman Classic All Day Greenville, S.C.


Emory Classic Emory Classic All Day All Day WoodPEC WoodPEC at Lee University 6 p.m. Cleveland, Tenn.


Christine Hines/Staff

Senior Hank Ashforth leads a pack of Eagle runners. Ashforth and the rest of the cross country team will travel to the Furman Classic this weekend.

Cross Country Squads Sweep by UAA Tune-Ups Continued from Page 12

Andrew Mezher/Contributor

The men’s soccer team has one more road game before returning home, this Thursday at Oglethorpe.

Men’s Soccer Continues Undefeated Season

to rookie Michelle Kagei who fell to the back of the pack in the second lap but came back to catch Centre’s fifth girl and give the girls a chance to win. Michelle has stepped right in and given us a much needed lift,” Curtin said. The men’s team, ranked first in the South/Southeast Region, recorded 50 points in the men’s race, second only to Centre College’s winning mark of 20 points. Berry College got third place with 66 points. Emory took the eighth through 12th position in the 8K at Sewanee. Senior Eddie Mulder headed the Emory surge in the 93 runner field finishing at 28:31.6, good for eighth place. “The full top 5 ran very well

This past weekend, the men’s soccer team continued their undefeated streak, improving to 4-0-0 after beating Averett University (Va.) and Guilford University (N.C.). In the game against Averett, Emory junior forward Dylan Price scored the game-winning goal to help the Eagles win 3-1 on Friday, Sept. 6. In the 23rd minute of play, midfielder Michael Rheaume, Emory junior, scored from a play assisted by Price. Christopher Jordan and Martin Erenstedt, Averett Cougars, worked together to tie the game until Emory took the lead in the 72nd minute of play with Price’s fourth goal (assisted by junior defender Jeffery Cochran) in three games this 2013 season. In the 77th minute of play, freshman forward Jason Andrejchak scored his first collegiate goal headed from assists by freshman forward Darion Morgan and midfielder Eli Curtin. This left the score at 2-1 with the Eagles winning. The Eagles finished the game with a 4-0 win after a final goal in the 85th minute. Emory had 20 shots (9 on goal) while Averett had 6 shots with only 3 on goal. Sophomore goalkeeper Abe Hannigan had two saves and earned another win to now stand at 3-0-0. The Eagles continued their road trip on Sunday, Sept. 8 at Guilford College in the afternoon with another shutout of the season. Morgan and Price scored for the Eagles to help the team win 2-0 over Guilford. Eagles defense lead by sophomore Matt Sherr, junior Noah Rosen, sophomore Leo Ragazzo and Cochran, played a great game limiting the Quakers to 5 shots game with only 2 on goal. Emory has a .75 team goalsagainst average with a total of 21 shots in the 4 games of the season with 10 on goal. Hannigan played the entire game,

a total of 90 minutes, making this his second individual shutout of the season. He stands at 4-0-0 with a .76 goals-against average and has risen his season save percentage to .700. In the first half of the game, the Eagles scored in the 42nd minute of play with Morgan’s first collegiate goal. Guilford cleared the ball, and Morgan scooped it up from the 18-yard box to score. He is at 5 points this season and holds team-best at three assists this season. The first half ended with a strong presence from the Eagles over the Quakers in shots, shots on goal and corner kicks. The second half remained static at 1-0 for the majority of play until Price scored again in the 88th minute. Price captured the ball midfield with a long, leading pass from Cochran to score a low shot one-on-one with the Guilford keeper. Emory had 21 shots (9 on goal) while Guilford had 5 (2 on goal). Price now has 5 goals, an assist and stands as leading Emory scorer with 11 points. He has 24 career goals making him tied in Emory school history with Charles Strauss for 19th place. His game-winning goal in the game against Averett marked his secondstraight contest with the winning goal. This is the 10th game winning goal of his career and he holds the third highest record in school history. This is the 13th time in school history that Emory has opened the season with 4 consecutive wins. Guilford dropped to 1-2-1, and Averett dropped to 0-2-1. “It was an exhilarating feeling scoring my first college goal,” Andrejchak said. “They were good competition. Hopefully we can keep up the 4 and 0 start and build off of it.” The team will now head to Oglethorpe University to play the Stormy Petrels on Thursday, Sept. 12 at 4 p.m. — Contact Liza Atillasoy at

together. I think freshman Michael McBane is off to a great start ... we are missing Lucas Mees right now we are all hoping he will start feeling better soon,” Curtin said. McBane scored ninth with a time of 28:31.8, and junior Tyler Cooke finished 10th with a time of 28.32.14. Junior Cameron Wheeler (28.32.3) and senior Alex Fleischhacker (28.32.5) rounded out the group finishing 11th and 12th. The team is enjoying the start to the season, but they have their eyes on final goal of the season, which is to qualify for nationals. “[Last year’s team] fell just short of qualifying for nationals. This year, however, things are different. The team motto is ‘The Heist,’ named after Macklemore and Ryan Lewis’ new rap album. We intend to take

back what is ours; we intend to qualify for nationals,” Freshman Evan Sayre said. Curtin shares the same mindset as his players. “It’s fun to win meets in September, but the wins that count come in late when UAA and Regional titles are on the line. We have a lot of guys in the varsity mix right now including some promising freshmen. It will be fun to see how it shakes out as the younger runners start to settle in,” Curtin said. The team’s next event is the Furman Classic at the Furman University (S.C.) Golf Course on Sept. 14. — Contact Alex Del Re at

Volleyball Sweeps Randolph- Chavkin: Close Wild Card Macon Invitational Tourney Races Persist Continued from Page 12

By Liza Atillasoy Contributing Writer


On Fire

at Oglethorpe University 4 p.m. Atlanta, Ga.





As the game continued, McGrath finished with 12 kills, a hitting percessful this weekend because our centage of .476, and six block assists. opponents couldn’t defend our quick “Our depth is going to play a key attacks. That really gave us an advan- role in our success this season and tage,” Bowman said. that proved once again to be a major Junior middle hitter/right-side hit- factor in bringing home four victories. ter Cat McGrath I thought our midbanged out 16 terdles; Cat McGrath, minations and hit a Jessica Holler and “I think after these past .344. two weekends, we’ve put a Shannon Nugent Jacobs and freshwere excellent this target on our back man middle blockweekend. Sydney because we have proven er Jessica Holler [Miles] got them completed the top the ball as much as early on that we are the attackers with their she could, and they best team 14 and 12 kills, were able to score in the nation” respectively. a ton of points for “Leah Jacobs us. Plus, they came — Leah Jacobs, up with some big showed how dominant she can be,” junior outside-hitter blocks when we McDowell said. needed them most,” “Although not the McDowell said. tallest outside hitter Jacobs and on the court, she is definitely the most Holler made 11 successful put-aways dynamic. She was a game changer for and 10 kills, respectively. Miles conus. All of her hard work this summer tinued her strong play with an impresis paying off now.” sive 41 assists. Erwin rounded out the Sophomore setter Sydney Miles team’s intensity with a season-high not only assisted in the victory with a of 28 digs. career high of 62 assists (10th on the “There is nothing more promising Eagles single-game list), but was also than playing with a group of girls named Volleyball Offensive Player of with the mindset that we know we the week by the University Athletic are going to win every game and we Association. will do whatever it takes to get that It is her second time being given win,” Erwin said. “I know that my the honor. teammates and I have a lot to prove “I think that this weekend really and we are totally focused and ready demonstrated our tenacity on the to do so.” court but also pointed out what we The Eagles will play their first need to work on in order to go all home games next Friday and Saturday the way this season. The rest of the (Sept. 13 and 14) when they host the season will continue to push us, and Emory Classic. we are all excited to get the chance to Emory will host Millsaps rise up to the various occasions and University (Miss.) at 3:00 p.m. and challenges,” Miles said. No. 5-ranked Christopher Newport Sophomore left-side hitter Taylor University (Va.) at 8:00 p.m. Erwin also led all players in helping “I think after these past two weekEmory get to a 98-83 edge with her ends, we’ve put a target on our back 27 digs. because we have proven early on that In the final game against we are the best team in the nation ... Randolph-Macon, Emory faced a 2-1 We are playing some big teams next deficit after three sets. weekend and are still working to The girls fought hard and took on improve, but no matter what game the challenge, keeping the Randolph- they bring, we’re ready,” Jacobs said. Macon Yellow Jackets at a negative — Contact Nicola Braginsky at hitting percentage.

Continued from Page 12 The Indians are not the most talented team in the league. But behind first-year manager Terry Francona, they find themselves only two games back of the Rays. The two major keys to Cleveland’s season this year are the signing of outfielder Nick Swisher, and the development of starting pitcher Justin Masterson into the ace of the pitching staff. The Indians definitely have the easiest schedule of all the teams that are currently fighting for the final spot. So, even though they may not seem like a playoff team, their schedule may very well propel them into the playoffs. Royals The final team in the hunt for the final American League wild card spot is the Kansas City Royals. The Royals have consistently been a bad franchise for the past couple of decades and are just happy to have made it here. They are highly talented but also very inexperienced. Their schedule also may pose a challenge, as they still have to play the Detroit Tigers and Texas Rangers. They may have the smallest chance of any team in the running this year, but the Royals’ talent will probably keep them in contention in years to come. The end of this baseball season will bring some exciting action. I am hoping the Yankees can find a way to get in after struggling with so many injuries. In the end though, I think it will be the Cleveland Indians that grab the final spot. Between the team’s leadership in the clubhouse as well as the relative easiness of their schedule, I think the Indians will find themselves playing in the wild card playoff at the end of the year. — Contact Brian Chavkin at

Bruno Mars is that awkward guy who was featured on that one song, and everyone was like, “wow, that dude with the high voice is pretty talented.” And then he started coming out with solo music, and it was pretty not memorable, but he was trying so hard so we kind of just let him keep releasing music. And now he is performing at the f--king Super Bowl. What the f--k, everyone. Seriously, what have you all done? A cheap, four-foot Michael Jackson impersonator is now performing at the Super Bowl, and it is all of our faults. We here at On Fire decided to take out our obvious (and justified) frustration about this situation into coming up with our dream Super Bowl performance. To all of the NBC execs reading this (none), feel free to give us credit or money or a job or something. The dream Super Bowl performance would be Kanye West and Britney Spears. Hear us out. Kanye is the best male performer on the planet, and Britney is the best female performer on the planet. Combining the two together would be a surefire way to appeal to both male and female viewers (not that the Super Bowl needs any help getting ratings). How would the two artists mesh together? Believe it or not, Kanye and Britney actually would have great chemistry together. Personality-wise, both have been put on godlike pedestals, attacked by paparazzi at every turn. This led to Britney’s much-publicized 2007 breakdown and Kanye’s recent 2013 breakdown. Artistically, both artists have been compared (either by themselves or adoring fans) to Biblical figures. Kanye just recently came out with his album Yeezus (get it? It’s like Jesus but Kanye) and Britney is often depicted by her fans as God (seriously, Google ‘Godney’ if you get a chance. It’s hilarious). Now for the set list. How would they mesh artistically? Well, the theme of the performance would have to be religious. Kanye would lead off the performance dressed in black as he is chased by a pack of CGI’d dogs. Kanye performs “Black Skinhead.” It is epic. Then, insert random soulful singer — doesn’t really matter who. The singer accompanies Kanye as he performs “All Falls Down.” As Kanye performs “All Falls Down,” he is in the midst of walking from the original black stage to a different stage. This stage has a massive throne and is surrounded by massive Greek pillars. At the end of “All Falls Down,” Kanye launches into “Power.” He stands on the golden throne and raps about how amazing he is. Everyone is loving it, but he is just warming up the audience for the main event. As Kanye ends “Power,” the lights begin to dim, and the audience’s attention is directed upwards to a spotlight coming from the clouds. We see Britney, she is dressed as an “angel.” She slowly descends down to earth and lands on the throne. She sits on the throne and stares at the crowd for a moment, looking over her subjects. Then, she stands and the angel costume falls off to reveal a classic skimpy Britney costume. She performs “Toxic” with two back-up dancers. Everyone is stunned. She walks slowly to the next stage, where she performs a medley of “Circus” and “Till the World Ends.” It is equally epic. But Kanye is getting restless — he’s ready for the finale. Britney walks to the third and final stage. A piano awaits her. She plays “Everytime.” It’s really emotional. As she ends the song, the lights go on around her. The piano is at the front of a church. The seats of the church are filled. We begin to hear the beginning beat of “Jesus Walks,” and Kanye stands up and into the aisle of the church. He performs “Jesus Walks” in the aisle as the rest of the churchgoers marvel. As the song ends, he joins Britney at the front of the church. They embrace and then stare at the audience in silence as they slowly ascend back to heaven. End of performance. So much better than Bruno f--ing Mars.


Tuesday, September ,  Sports Editor: Nathaniel Ludewig (



AL Wild Eagles Suffer Rare Regular-Season Loss Card RoundUp By Ryan Smith Asst. Sports Editor

Brian Chavkin As the end of Major League Baseball regular season approaches, the battle for the final wild card spot in the American League is beginning to heat up. With either the Oakland Athletics or the Texas Rangers bound to lock up the first wild card spot, five teams continue to battle for the second spot. As the standings stand heading into Monday, Sept. 9, four teams are within three-and a-half games of the wild card-leading Rays. All five teams have had their share of struggles throughout the season, but they still have the opportunity to make the playoffs as October draws closer. Rays The Rays are probably the best, most well-rounded team fighting for the final wild card spot. Tampa Bay’s starting pitching has been very good all year, while their offense has improved from last year with the help of rookie outfielder Wil Myers, who they received in a trade from the Royals. The Rays even went on a huge winning streak in the middle of the summer, winning 23 of 27 games. But injuries to starting pitchers Alex Cobb and Matt Moore over the last month and a half, along with a major hitting slump from their best hitter, Evan Longoria, has brought their record back to the rest of the pack. Even though the Rays lead the race right now, their closing schedule is probably the hardest out of all the teams and could be a problem at the end of the year.

The women’s soccer team had a tough weekend, falling to the Ithaca College (N.Y.) Bombers 2-0 on Saturday before playing the Cortland State (N.Y.) Red Dragons to a 0-0 tie on Sunday. The Eagles are now 2-1-1 on the season. The road trip to Ithaca was a battle of two undefeated, top-ten teams, with the Eagles coming into the match ranked second nationally and the Bombers chalking in at number nine. The teams fought each other to a standstill early, with neither Emory nor Ithaca getting off a shot in the game’s first ten minutes. The Eagles got to the goal first, but shots by seniors Kelly Costopoulos, Lauren Drosick, and Claire Mullins all missed the net. The Bombers made the most of their first opportunity on goal, as sophomore midfielder Kelsey King took a pass from senior midfielder Meredith Jones and evaded three defenders en route to putting Ithaca up 1-0. It looked like the half would end with the same score after a strong showing by both goalkeepers and defenses, but Ithaca’s Jess Demczar snuck in a goal with just over two minutes left in the half. The freshman midfielder’s first goal of the season made it 2-0 at the intermission. Sophomore goalkeeper Liz Arnold replaced junior starter Gabrielle Pelura in the second half and would not give up a goal the rest of the way, but the Eagles couldn’t get on the scoreboard against the Bombers’ defense. It was a pretty even match on the statsheet. Both the Eagles and Bombers got off 11 shots, but while Ithaca had four shots on goal, the Emory managed only two. The difference maker was Bombers sophomore goalkeeper Beth Coppolecchia, who kept the Eagles

Christine Hines/Staff

The women’s soccer team lost in the regular season for only the second time in three seasons. They travel to Lee University (Tenn.) on Friday for the last game of a five-game roadtrip. off the board with two saves. Both Arnold and Pelura had a save for the Eagles, while Mullins, Costopoulos and freshman Emily Matis led the team with two shots apiece. Calling it a rare loss for the team would be an understatement—it was just the second regular-season game the Eagles have dropped in the last three years, and the first to a nonconference opponent since 2009.

Emory had better fortunes against the Red Dragons, but still failed to get on the scoreboard. The defense, however, was spectacular once again, with Pelura and Arnold combining for their first shutout of the young season. The Eagles defense is allowing just 0.9 goals per game in 2013. The Eagles peppered the Red Dragons’ goal with shots, but couldn’t get anything past Cortland junior

goalkeeper Taylor Hudson, who recorded six saves on the day. Emory’s domination was apparent everywhere but the scoreboard. The Eagles finished with a 24-9 edge in shots, a 7-4 edge in shots on goal and a 9-2 edge in corner kicks, but just couldn’t find the net. The game went into two overtime periods, but neither team was able to get a shot on goal in either one. Junior forward Karina Rodriguez



Teams Compete At Tenn. Tourney

Yankees The Yankees have absolutely no business being in the position they are in. They have spent the entire year battling countless injuries to some of their best players including Derek Jeter, Curtis Granderson, Mark Teixeira and Alex Rodriguez. They have had to use 54 players this season, a team record. The clubhouse has also had to handle the extra drama surrounding the Alex Rodriguez steroid situation. Through all of these obstacles, and multiple analysts picking the team to finish dead last in the American League East, the Yankees are nine games over .500, and only 2 and a half games back of the Rays. Now, with most of their players back and the team playing the best it has all season, the Yankees have a great chance to grab that final wild card slot.

By Alexander Del Re Staff Writer

biggest moments of the match. It says so much about the will and character of our team and our outstanding leadership.” Junior middle hitter/outside hitter Kate Bowman led the players with a career high of 19 kills and a contribution of 12 digs. “Our middle hitters were very suc-

The Emory cross country team participated at the 33rd Sewanee Invitational (Tenn.) on Saturday, Sept. 7. The meet was held at the Sewanee Golf Club with the women’s team competing in the 6K race and the men’s team competing in the 8K event. Led by Head Coach John Curtin, the women’s squad placed first, and the men’s squad placed second. “Our top runners ran the meet last weekend as a team tempo effort, running together as a group at a controlled pace,” Curtin said. The women’s side, which is ranked second in the South/Southeast regain and 33rd nationally among Division III programs, totaled in at 27 points, managing to be just ahead of Centre College’s (Ky.) 32 points. Birmingham-Southern (Ala.) came in at third with 104 points. Emory had three of the top four individual finishers in the 88 runner field. Junior Tamara Surtees led the team by finishing first in the 6K race with a time of 24:25. “I was very impressed with Tamara’s win. She shared the pace for most of the race with Emily Caesar but looked very much under control from start to finish,” Curtin said. Senior Emily Caesar scored third with a time of 24:33. Freshman Michelle Kagei and junior Elise Viox finished 25:21 for ninth and 25:22 for tenth respectively. “I also have to give some props



Orioles The Orioles have definitely underachieved this season. After making last year’s playoff in surprising fashion, they were expected to come back this year and make the playoffs again, maybe even win the division. Their offense has been outstanding, with players such as Chris Davis, Manny Machado and Adam Jones all having career years. Their starting pitching, on the other hand, has been underwhelming, despite the front office’s efforts to improve it. Still, the Orioles will have an opportunity to return to the playoffs as they play the Rays and Yankees a few more times before the season ends. Indians

See CHAVKIN, Page 11

led the team with five shots, while Arnold turned in a strong performance in goal with four saves. Arnold has yet to pick up a loss on the season, posting a record of 1-0-1 with a tiny 0.41 goals-against average. The Eagles will try to return to their winning ways against Lee University (Tenn.) this Friday at 6 p.m. — Contact Ryan Smith at

Christine Hines/Staff

The volleyball team is looking to continue their near-perfect play after boosting their record to 7-0 last weekend. The Eagles will host the Emory Classic this weekend.

Eighth-Ranked Eagles Keep on Rolling By Nicola Braginsky Staff Writer The No.8-ranked Emory volleyball team remained undefeated on Saturday after earning two tough wins at the Randolph-Macon Invitational over the weekend. The Eagles now hold a record of 7-0 following a 3-1 (25-22, 27-25, 28-30, 25-14) triumph over Trinity University (Texas)

and a 3-2 victory (23-25, 25-16, 19-25, 25-20, 15-10) against host of the Invitational, Randolph-Macon College (Va.). “The teams we played this weekend definitely came with a strategy with how to play us. They gave us a lot of junk balls which can be very frustrating, but we worked through each game point by point,” junior outside hitter Leah Jacobs said.

Emory hit .263, while Trinity ended with a .207. “It was a tough but very fulfilling weekend for us,” Head Coach Jenny McDowell said. “Every team is going to give us their best shot, and that’s exactly what happened. I was so proud of the way our team stayed focused and executed during the most pressured-filled times of the match. It seems that we are at our best at the


9.10 issue of the Wheel