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Marañones es la conjunción armónica de viñedos y personas de cara a la elaboración de unos vinos que lleguen a transmitir las características y la personalidad de ambos. El logo que identifica a la Bodega lo expresa mediante la representación de diferentes espacios que forman un conjunto. Es nuestra empresa.

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Bodega Marañones

Paisaje, cultura, vida Parajes altos, viñas viejas, variedades locales, suelos graníticos, clima mediterráneo de vientos suaves y constantes. Vinificación por parcelas. Respeto a la tierra.

Calidad, estilo y personalidad

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El Compromiso Marañones Esmero, honestidad, respeto Pilares de un compromiso global que atañe a todos los procesos de la Bodega Marañones. Respaldo de un equipo profesional implicado en mejorar cada día.

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“La filosofía de Marañones se puede condensar en un concepto definido por las palabras respeto y compromiso. Nos comprometemos con el respeto al paisaje entendido no solo como elemento estético sino como un territorio con sus características geofísicas, históricas, climatológicas y humanas. Con el respeto al terreno concreto de la viña, a su ubicación, sus componentes y su diversidad. Respeto a la vid y a las diferentes variedades de uva, a la forma de cultivarla, a su ciclo vegetativo, al entorno y medio ambiente y a las diferencias climáticas. Respeto en la elaboración para mantener y transmitir aquello que trae la uva de cada una de las viñas. Y a la diferencia de las distintas añadas. Y también y muy importante, respeto a las personas, tanto a las que forman el equipo de campo, de bodega o de organización, como a los destinatarios finales de los vinos que elaboramos.” J. Fernando Cornejo Propietario de Bodega Marañones Extracto de la entrevista para “Más allá del vino”.

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El Compromiso Marañones

El respeto por el paisaje Nos planteamos un programa concreto de trabajo que incide sobre procesos continuos de mejora en torno a diferentes aspectos esenciales para el desarrollo de vinos de calidad. Buscamos devolver a la sociedad y al territorio parte de los logros conseguidos con nuestro quehacer. Una conexión entre proyecto y territorio basada en contribuir a mejorar e impulsar el territorio a partir del desarrollo económico generado y a fortalecer valores vinculantes tales como el respeto por el medioambiente, la cultura y la

vocación por el esfuerzo y el trabajo bien hecho. Para tal fin el compromiso toma el paisaje como objeto esencial en el que confluye medio ambiente y medio humano y como vehículo desde el que abordar retos competitivos a partir de soluciones concretas.

La optimización de la energía en todo el proceso productivo

El uso responsable del agua y la gestión de residuos

Trabajamos bajo criterios de un uso de la energía responsable en bodega. Tratamos de reducir el impacto medioambiental que este uso implica mediante la aplicación de acciones que permiten un ahorro energético mayor.

La edificación sostenible en la nueva Bodega Marañones Está proyectado un protocolo de edificación sostenible y de integración en el paisaje.

La conservación de la naturaleza y la biodiversidad Trabajamos bajo criterios de agricultura orgánica y biodinámica que nos permiten una simbiosis del viñedo con el medio natural circundante. 22 - Bodega Marañones

Contamos con un protocolo de optimización del agua en bodega, así como una gestión responsable de los residuos.

El desarrollo de la I+D+I La investigación y desarrollo en Bodega Marañones se basan actualmente en dos ejes principales, la recuperación de variedades tradicionales locales y su optimización en la producción de vinos de alta calidad.

La responsabilidad social corporativa de Bodega Marañones Mediante el proyecto "Mas allá del Vino", nos implicamos en el conocimiento y conservación de los valores culturales asociados al paisaje del vino en Gredos.


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El Compromiso Marañones

El nuevo viñedo Recientemente hemos acometido la plantación de cuatro hectáreas de viñedo siguiendo los criterios específicos de calidad de Marañones. En parajes altos, por encima de los 750 metros de altitud, con cepas autóctonas, en vaso, a tresbolillo y manteniendo las características propias de los viñedos del entorno.

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Las geografías de Marañones Donde nace el vino Parajes singulares entre 650 y 850m. en la Sierra de Gredos, conforman un mosaico de viñedos de excepcional valor paisajístico y enológico dentro de la D.O. Vinos de Madrid.

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Gredos y el vino Una localización privilegiada

La Bodega Marañones está situada al suroeste de la Comunidad de Madrid, entre Toledo y Ávila y en la confluencia de la Sierra de Gredos y la Sierra de Guadarrama. A 70 km de la capital. En San Martín de Valdeiglesias.

Un sistema natural y rural pleno

Si bien la dinámica de cambio de las últimas décadas en el mundo rural se deja notar en la zona, permanecen plenamente vigentes los elementos fundamentales que organizan un paisaje rural de calidad y las relaciones entre sus aspectos naturales y humanos.

La idoneidad geográfica

El vino de Bodega Marañones es el resultado de los factores geográficos propios del extremo oriental de la Sierra de Gredos. La combinación de geología, clima y suelos, proporciona unas condiciones reconocidas para el cultivo de la vid.

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Las geografías de Marañones

Los factores geográficos El basamento geológico

Los conjuntos morfológicos

Los condicionantes orográficos

La geología de la zona esta marcada por dos aspectos principales: por una parte la estructura de grandes bloques elevados y depresiones ordenados mediante un sistema de fallas, y por otra parte la continuidad del granito como roca predominante.

En el contexto de San Martín de Valdeiglesias hay cuatro conjuntos de morfología claramente diferenciada en torno a las elevaciones de Gredos: 1. Las cimas y cumbres graníticas, 2. Las laderas altas arenosas y pedregosas, 3. Las laderas medias de arenas con lanchas residuales de granito y 4. Los lechos y aderezamientos de fondo de valle.

La orientación-exposición de cada viña y las variaciones interanuales de temperaturas y precipitaciones, dan entornos micro-climáticos que llegan a matizar la respuesta anual de los viñedos. La trascendencia del clima como valor de definición de nuestros vinos, la atención a cada viña y el cuidado de su entorno, son fundamentales para nuestro proceso de elaboración.

GEOLOGÍA CUATERNARIO 28 Arenas y limos arenosos 27 Gravas poligénicas y arenas TERCIARIO 17 Arcosas, arcillas arenosas y limos CÁMBRICO - PRECÁMBRICO 6 Gneises glandulares y esquistos ROCAS GRANÍTICAS 2 Granitos y leucogranitos tardíos 1 Adamellitas y granodioritas Escala 1:200.000 Instituto geológico y minero de España Comunidad de Madrid

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El clima óptimo El clima mediterráneo seco y templado, con temperaturas medias anuales en torno a los 12 - 14ºC., tiene inviernos largos y fríos y veranos calurosos y secos. La media anual de precipitaciones se sitúa alrededor de los 500 a 550 l/m2, en su mayoría caídos durante los meses de otoño y primavera.

La confluencia hidrográfica La confluencia de las sierras de Gredos y Guadarrama y la intensa red de fallas, configura una malla hidrográfica profusa, organizada en torno al río Alberche que nutre los embalses del Burguillo, San Juan y Picadas. Su recorrido de oeste a sur, dibuja un amplio giro que abraza y humidifica la comarca atemperando los rigores climáticos tanto estivales como invernales.

Los suelos nutritivos Los suelos proceden de la desintegración natural del granito. La meteorización favorece la formación de suelos arenosos y, en mayor o menor medida, pedregosos, que son la base de los viñedos de Bodega Marañones. La composición de los suelos está marcada por la acidez (pH 5,5-7), los altos niveles de sílice y bajos de materia orgánica, que aportan una alta expresión mineral a la uva.

SUELO Y VEGETACIÓN Pn Cs En Mt C Ml Pa Cr U

Pinares Cultivos de secano Encinar Matorrales Castañares Melojares Pastizales Riberas y cultivos de regadío Zonas urbanas Escala 1:400.000

Instituto geológico y minero de España Comunidad de Madrid

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Las geografías de Marañones

El paisaje del vino de Marañones Las unidades de relieve asociadas a los viñedos de Marañones

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1. Las cimas y cumbres graníticas del piedemonte. Por encima de los 800 metros. Son relieves residuales que atestiguan las fases más antiguas de evolución del paisaje.

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2. Las laderas altas arenosas y pedregosas y afloramientos graníticos, entre 750 y 800 m. Tienen pendientes algo mas pronunciadas. Son zonas de alto interés para el cultivo de la vid.

3. Las laderas medias de arenas con lanchas residuales de granito, de pendientes más suaves y entre 650 y 750 m., constituyen el área más aprovechada para el cultivo de la vid en la comarca.


Las geografías de Marañones

Gredos como paisaje patrimonial del vino Los paisajes del vino han formado realidades territoriales desde tiempo inmemorial. En Marañones, desde el conocimiento profundo de los aspectos que lo conforman, abordarmos nuestras parcelas como paisajes culturales del vino, síntesis de estética, ética y conocimiento y lo expresamos en nuestros vinos.

El carácter de lugar

Un paisaje patrimonial

La evolución del paisaje del vino en Gredos y su entramado de relaciones medioambientales, geográficas, políticas, culturales y comerciales conforman la base de una realidad patrimonial integral. En ella, la convivencia de aspectos que parten y confluyen en el vino, lo singularizan, lo marcan y lo significan, y acaban por generar un “carácter de lugar”, una identidad territorial integradora y viva.

El conjunto de intervenciones humanas en el paisaje, y su vínculo con los factores y valores naturales, generan un paisaje rural diferenciado, vivo y funcional, que entra de lleno en el concepto de “paisaje patrimonial” y es capaz de dar contexto y continuidad a la elaboración de vino como parte del significado cultural del territorio, reflejo de su belleza, antropología, cultura, usos e identidad.

La comprensión del paisaje del vino en Gredos

La conciencia Marañones. El vino de paisaje

Los paisajes rurales del extremo oriental de las sierras de Gredos conservan una estructura organizada por ruedos, parcelas y fincas antiguas. El paisaje de la comarca está marcado por la predominancia del viñedo como unidad productiva mezclado con un creciente monte bajo debido al progresivo abandono de viñedos. A la vez, ese paisaje está condicionado por un modelo histórico de parcelación intensa como resultado del régimen de propiedad de la tierra, la fragmentación hereditaria de la misma, la orientación tradicional hacia un sistema de aprovechamiento familiar y la comercialización de excedentes en los mercados comarcales y regionales. 36 - Bodega Marañones

En Marañones, la conciencia de esta realidad en torno al paisaje y el vino, nos llevó a centrar el proyecto, desde el año 2001, en la recuperación de parajes tradicionales del viñedo de Gredos, muchos de ellos en procesos de declive si bien no abandonados totalmente. Nuestro proyecto se basa en entender y tratar los viñedos como elementos esenciales del paisaje, desde los que abordar un proceso que mantenga e impulse su esencia y a la vez, renueve, desde el respeto y el equilibrio, los aspectos sociales, económicos, técnicos y organizativos que son indispensables en el desarrollo de un proyecto de vino de calidad.


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Las geografías de Marañones

Marañones y el patrimonio del vino de Gredos Abordamos el paisaje desde los aspectos que lo singularizan como patrimonio y lo integramos en nuestros vinos como factor determinante.

Un contexto único para el vino

La conjunción de todos los elementos geográficos y humanos que se dan en las sierras orientales de Gredos hacen de este territorio un ámbito excepcional para el desarrollo de un proyecto singular en torno a la elaboración de vinos de calidad.

Parajes y viñedos excepcionales

Bodega Marañones es una forma de entender la relación con los paisajes del vino. Interpretación actualizada sobre un paisaje heredado a través de un proceso intenso de renovación e innovación en la elaboración de vino.

Plena integración con el paisaje

Nuestras parcelas de viñedo son pequeñas hasta sumar las 25 Ha. Son explotaciones ordenadas, muy integradas en el contexto paisajístico, que acondicionan los elementos tradicionales, sin generar rupturas con los aspectos más innovadores de la agricultura orgánica.

Carácter propio y especificidad

Un territorio de vino con características propias mas allá de divisiones administrativas, con una singularidad contrastada. Idóneo para la visión y planteamiento de coherencia y revitalización del paisaje, la cultura y el vino que constituye la base de la Bodega Marañones. 38 - Bodega Marañones


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Las historias del vino Una memoria marcada por el vino

Lugar de encuentro, de castillos y monasterios, de historias de reyes, plebeyos y vino que nos acompañan para valorar y aprender del recorrido de una tierra y sus gentes dedicados durante siglos al vino y su paisaje. De la antigüedad y la tradición a la modernidad a través de la excelencia.

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La historia trascendente Conocer y valorar la Historia como factor clave para concebir y desarrollar el Proyecto Marañones. En el proceso de conceptualización y concreción de la Bodega Marañones, el devenir histórico del territorio y la presencia constante del vino en el mismo, han sido determinantes para fijar una relación entre Bodega y Comarca desde la comprensión, el respeto y el compromiso.

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En esta composición presentamos la evolución de las parcelas de Marañones como unidades del paisaje del vino a lo l a r g o d e u n p e r i o d o d e c a s i s e t e n t a a ñ o s . De izquierda a derecha Andrinoso, M a r a ñ o n e s , L a D e h e s a , P e ñ a C r u z a d a . De arriba abajo: 1956, 1963, 1974, 2004, 2014.

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Las personas en las que vive Marañones Confluencias en el vino

Personas que aportan su conocimiento para dar coherencia a los procesos y carácter a nuestros vinos. Desde saberes ancestrales a la enología del respeto, a través de la sensibilidad para cada parcela y cada vino.

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La esencia de Bodega Marañones son sus viñedos. Su calidad se ha basado durante décadas en los cuidados de las gentes que construyeron este paisaje. Bodega Marañones se concibió, desde su origen, como un proyecto que debía rendir tributo a la memoria de las gentes que cultivaron esos viñedos. En Marañones y sin renunciar optimizar todos los procesos de cultivo y elaboración posibles, nuestra relación con las personas que un día fueron propietarios de cada paraje son una realidad palpable en la consideración que nos une, nos implica y nos obliga con el territorio, con su conservación y sus valores. De las relaciones con todas estas personas hemos aprendido de vino y de campo, pero sobre todo, hemos aprendido de valores, de esfuerzo y de amor por el vino y por la tierra. Estas relaciones de amistad impregnan Marañones, nos enraízan y comprometen. Son una herencia que nos obliga con el paisaje, y que da testimonio de nuestra pertenencia a un proyecto colectivo como reflejo de la relación entre personas y territorio.

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Las personas en las que vive Marañones

Las Confluencias del vino

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Como parte del proyecto general “Más allá del vino”, exponemos una serie de extractos de las entrevistas realizadas para “Las personas en las que vive Marañones” como muestra de la caracterización de los paisajes del vino de Gredos a partir de la memoria social y cultural de sus gentes.

“Intentar dejar la herencia de lo que tenemos a mis hijos y mis nietos. Yo voy a intentar inculcársela a las generaciones que vienen.” Manuel García Delgado “Negrillo” 69 años

“Las mujeres trabajaban mucho, trechando la uva, quitando las malas y colocando cajones, 5 ó 6 cada una.”

María Cruz García Sánchez 97 años

“Con 13-14 años, después de estar todo el día vendimiando, quedábamos hasta las 2-3 de la mañana pisando uva.” Antonio Bravo García “Hilero" 63 años

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En la agricultura la ciencia está en el cielo, en el tiempo. El que diga que la entiende es mentira. Félix Fernández Rodríguez “Cascarilla” 82 años

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Cuanto más se labra más se guarda siempre el frescor para el fruto. Francisco Blázquez García “Pepe” 88 años

Las mujeres vendimiaban más que los hombres.

Luís López Cabrera “Luisillo” 83 años


Todo el mundo lo deja perder y la gente joven no quiere el campo. Eulogio Zarzalejo Yuste “Palillo” 75 años

La viña según la haces, así te da

Cuando empezábamos a vendimiar lo disfrutábamos como enanos.

Luís Lastras Gómez “El Pollo” 74 años

Pablo García Reviejo “Curro” 81 años

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“Lo primero que hice al iniciar mi aventura del vino fue buscar el consejo de personas expertas como Carlos Gosálbez, Paco Parejo, Mariano Cabello y otros, a quienes nunca dejaré de estar agradecido. También lo estoy a todas las personas que me apoyan y me animan, como mi amigo Picuenco.” J. Fernando Cornejo

“Sois los locos cuerdos" “Sois los locos cuerdos, que habéis hecho que la fecha de caducidad que tenía el cien por ciento de los viñedos de este pueblo, se contenga, dándoles prestigio." "Bodega Marañones ha puesto los pilares. Sin ello los viñedos no tendrían futuro para seguir poco a poco." "Mi primer oficio fue irme al campo a sarmentar a mano. Hoy no hay gente que sea capaz de labrar la viña. Ver lo que es el campo, es precioso. Aunque sea sacrificado y duro como todo. Antes todas las casas tenían vino. Se han perdido los valores. Valores que amen la naturaleza, que sepan que viven en un pueblo donde se produce vino.” Valentín Rey Reviejo “Picuenco"

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“Trabajar con la vida, es vida" “Si no hay pasión no se puede hacer vino.” "Tradicionalmente los vinos tenían otra funcionalidad, tenían mucho alcohol y por eso los vinos mediterráneos le encantaban a los romanos, y han sido las nuevas generaciones las que los han cambiado." "No me equivoqué, y estoy en ello, de otra forma no lo hubiese hecho, si no hubiese podido ser ecológico no habría hecho bien esto." "Es esencial el respeto al medio ambiente es que forma parte de esa pasión. Lo nuestro no es intensivo, ni extensivo, trabajamos manualmente porque somos elaboradores no fabricantes." Carlos Gosálbez Bodeguero y viticultor Bodega Gosálbez Orti

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Los trabajos y los días

Viticultura orgánica y biodinámica La viticultura ecológica está en el mismo origen de Bodega Marañones. Todas nuestras parcelas se cultivan siguiendo los principios de la agricultura orgánica con el objetivo de mantener los viñedos sanos, el equilibrio ecológico, la calidad de la uva y la coherencia con nuestro paisaje. Marañones asume el principio de la agricultura biodinámica basado en la interdependencia entre todos los elementos que conciernen al viñedo para entenderlo y tratarlo como un ecosistema integrado. Conscientes de la dificultad de medir el éxito de la viticultura biodinámica, consideramos

que esta forma de abordar el cultivo es muy coherente con la visión y filosofía integral del viñedo de Bodega Marañones. En nuestra experiencia, la salud y vigor de los parajes es mayor, y la evolución en los vinos refleja mejor el carácter y particularidad del viñedo.

Los ejes fundamentales de nuestra forma de entender la viticultura orgánica y biodinámica Tierra Trabajamos desde la consciencia de que la agricultura es una ciencia de la adaptación y de la individualización de los métodos.

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Personas Procuramos la implicación del equipo que realiza las tareas y su formación continua para adquirir y conservar un sentido de lo vivo.

Fruto Nuestro objetivo es la elaboración de un vino de calidad, respetando la Naturaleza y los seres que en ella habitan.


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Los trabajos y los días

Las variedades Trabajamos principalmente con viñedos de dos variedades locales, la Garnacha y el Albillo Real. Nuestro compromiso con el Patrimonio Cultural Inmaterial nos ha incentivado para investigar sobre las formas de cultivo y la elaboración de otras dos variedades locales como son el Moscatel de Grano Menudo y la uva Morate.

Albillo Real

Variedad local utilizada como uva de mesa en el siglo XIX. Porte rastrero y ciclo corto. El vino destaca en nariz por la presencia de olores que recuerdan a flores blancas. En boca destaca por el alto contenido en glicerina que hace que sea muy envolvente.

Garnacha.

Variedad tradicional en la Sierra de Gredos. Adaptada a suelos con alta mineralidad, permite elaborar vinos equilibrados y elegantes que se significan en nariz con recuerdos a frutos rojos y a paisaje de sotobosque.

Moscatel de Grano Menudo

Variedad local, minoritaria, plantada junto al Albillo. Dependiendo del año permite una vinificación en dulce o seco. Variedad de temprana floración pero de maduración tardía. Bajo rendimiento.

Morate

Variedad local, identificada normalmente como Aragonesa o Morenillo. Su ciclo vegetativo es largo, la producción es irregular, racimos y bayas grandes. Viñedos dispersos en la comarca. 68 - Bodega Marañones


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Los trabajos y los días

La elaboración

La elaboración de los vinos blancos La elaboración de los vinos blancos se basa en una maceración pelicular pre-fermentativa en frío, prensa neumática suave. Desfangado natural (24horas) y crianza con sus lías finas en barricas de roble francés de 500 a 700 litros de tostado ligero y medio, y también empleamos foudres de 1200 a 5000 litros de roble francés.

La elaboración de los vinos tintos Los vinos tintos están principalmente fermentados con el racimo entero, en depósitos de roble francés de 30, 45 y 115 hectólitros, haciendo pigeage. Maceraciones delicadas. Fermentación alcohólica a baja temperatura. Tanto la alcohólica como la maloláctica se realizan de manera natural en barricas por parcelas. Crianza en barricas de roble francés de 500 a 700 litros y en foudres de 1500 a 3000 litros. 70 - Bodega Marañones


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Los vinos de Marañones Vinos llenos de verdad picarana, pies descalzos, marañones, peña caballera, labros, 30.000 maravedies, darío, beltrán. Una familia en la que conviven en equilibrio el suelo y el clima de cada paraje, con una crianza natural en grandes depósitos de roble francés. Vinos llenos de paisaje.

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“En nuestra familia de vinos hacemos dos vinos blancos, cinco vinos tintos y un vino dulce. Siempre con la estructura piramidal borgoñona, que significa que tenemos desde vinos de pueblo o Vino de Comarca, que compilan el carácter regional como mezcla de viñas y parcelas reflejo de la expresión de todo el territorio, pasando por Vinos de Paraje, que son lugares específicos en el paisaje con unas características técnicas propias por orientación, por altura o por suelo o por la combinación de estas y, finalmente Vino de Parcela, que representa la cima de la pirámide, y son parcelas tocadas con la varita mágica de la calidad, parcelas con una expresión, una complejidad y finura excepcional." Fernando García Director técnico Bodega Marañones

* Transcripción de las entrevistas de presentación del vino

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30.000 maravedies Vino de Comarca “El primero de nuestros vinos tintos, sería 30.000 maravedíes, que es nuestro vino de comarca, un vino regional, vino de pueblo. 30.000 maravedíes es el conjunto de todos los suelos, orientaciones, eminentemente Garnacha en un 90 por ciento y luego el 10 por ciento resto de variedades locales que se mantienen a nivel minoritario para hacer el englobe de todo. El nombre también refleja la unión entre la historia, la bodega, la estructura y el paraje. 30.000 maravedíes es la cantidad que pagó Álvaro de Luna por comprar toda la comarca a los monjes. Los monjes son los que habían desarrollado el cultivo de la vid. Es un nombre de una historia en el que se refleja el valor de lo que se paga por el Valle pero al final es un homenaje al Valle. También estructura la historia que desarrollan los monjes y eso es lo que continuamos nosotros, la herencia en hacer este vino de pueblo que quiere expresar cómo es todo el Valle. Al final el formato de un vino que tiende hacia la mineralidad, la floralidad, la longitud, la frutosidad y la facilidad de beber.”

* Transcripción de las entrevistas de presentación del vino

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marañones Vino de Paraje “marañones, sería como el sello de Bodega, por eso la Bodega tiene el nombre del paraje.

Es una parte de la montaña donde estamos a 800 m. de altura, en una orientación Norte y en la que tenemos los tres tipos de granito que hay en San Martín, el granito blanco, el marrón y el rosa. Cada una de las viñas que trabaja Marañones tiene un suelo diferente, unas en colina, y otras más en llano. La idea es hacer el referente del sello de bodega que es como elaborar con una mezcla de viñas la gran Garnacha sin que llegue a ser el vino parcelario, que siempre es como mucho más delicado y más minoritario en cantidad. Garnacha cien por ciento, en la que la expresión pura, tanto en nariz como en boca es el endrino, la sensación de la fruta carnosa con la textura todavía un poco crocant. Y luego vinos con mucha sedosidad, con la granulosidad de estos suelos graníticos con cuarzo. Esa pepita de cuarzo se nota en la textura, longitud, finura, elegancia y floralidad del vino.”

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labros Vino de Parcela “Es uno de nuestros vinos parcelarios de Garnacha cien por ciento. Queremos reflejar el paraje de La Dehesa, que es el fondo del Valle de San Martín de Valdeiglesias, donde tenemos un suelo aluvial con mucha profundidad para las raíces. Labros justo es una viña muy vieja de más de 90 años que está situada en una pequeña colina, orientación oeste, de un granito blanco muy compacto que hace estresar las cepas, que al ser tan viejas son muy poco productivas, de rendimientos muy bajos. Es una parcela rondando una hectárea y en botellas estamos en 2.000 – 2.500 botellas. Es el reflejo de la viña más mediterránea que tenemos. Eso significa que siempre la fruta está por encima de la sensación floral, con una tanicidad un poco más rugosa, por el tipo de suelo. Y sobre todo, un vino muy profundo pero no lineal como pueden ser otros vinos de la gama, sino más compacto, más largo, casi como un tubo. Labros viene del nombre de un arroyo que es afluente del Alberche y que está cerca de las viñas.”

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peña caballera Vino de Parcela “Otro vino de parcela, Garnacha cien por cien, realmente es nuestro vino bandera. peña caballera lleva el nombre de la montaña donde se ubica. Estamos a 850 m. Las partes más altas de San Martín de Valdeiglesias, en una orientación norte, lo que hace que sea una orientación más fresca, en la que tenemos menos sol de la mañana y, sobre todo, menos sol de la tarde, del oeste, que es la parte más caliente. Eso provoca que sea una maduración mucho más lenta, una zona muy aireada, donde hay una sensación de frescura muy sana para poder trabajar de una manera orgánica. Sería la expresión de la Garnacha desde el punto de vista de la floralidad, de la finura, de la acidez, de la longitud, de la delicadeza, de la elegancia del vino.”

* Transcripción de las entrevistas de presentación del vino

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darío Vino de Paraje Es el homenaje que hace Fernando Cornejo a su nieto pequeño. Para nosotros es el reflejo un poco de lo opuesto a la garnacha. Es una variedad minoritaria, no tiene Garnacha. Marañones es sobre todo garnacha. Gredos es garnachero, pero esta es la expresión de una variedad minoritaria como la Morate, que es casi la parte opuesta de la Garnacha, tanto en el tipo de viticultura, como en el tipo de racimo. Racimos más suculentos, más grandes. Esto tiene una parte común con la Garnacha que es la acidez, que es lo que hace que se asemeje a la garnacha, pero con un punto siempre un poco más vegetal, más herbáceo y que hace vinos no tan largos, tan directos, con expresión tan de granito, sino con la fluidez que aporta el Morate. Es un poco el concepto del vino de sed, del vino más de inicio de aperitivo, el vino que se utilizaba para trabajar en el campo.

* Transcripción de las entrevistas de presentación del vino

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beltrán Vino de Parcela Es el otro nieto de Fernando Cornejo. Otro vino homenaje en el que cogemos la variedad Moscatel de Grano Menudo, variedad autóctona que, como en muchas otras zonas vitícolas, tiene dentro de la viña diferentes variedades de uva. Dentro de las viñas de los Albillos tenemos Moscateles para elaborar un dulce. Pasificación en la viña. Lo bonito de los moscateles es que dentro de la parte estructurada, melosa, que provoca cuando los vinos son dulces, mantiene mucha acidez que hace que sean vinos muy bebibles y que también tengan gran capacidad de añejado. beltrán es una producción muy limitada y depende mucho de las añadas, un total de 300 botellas pequeñas. En los años que cuaja peor, más secos, quedamos en 100–150 botellas. Al final es la selección de tres parcelas que tienen Moscatel, hay que dejarlo pasificar, exponerlo más a las inclemencias del tiempo y de los pájaros para poder realizar el vino esencia, el vino lágrima, el vino gota de una variedad dulce.

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Los vinos de Marañones

Marañones en el mundo El 70 % de nuestra producción se exporta. Nos complace tener consolidada nuestra presencia en los países más importantes consumidores de vino de calidad. El crecimiento de nuestra producción es gradual y lento ya que somos muy exigentes en la elección y cultivo de las viñas antes de incorporar las uvas a la bodega tanto en los

Viñedos que son de nuestra propiedad (19 hectáreas) como en los que tenemos contratados (6 hectáreas). Mantendremos el crecimiento dentro de los límites que condicione el cumplimiento de las exigencias de calidad en todos los procesos que nos hemos marcado.

Irlanda Reino Unido Bélgica Holanda Noruega Suecia Dinamarca Alemania Suiza

Canadá Estados Unidos Puerto Rico Francia Líbano Japón Australia 82 - Bodega Marañones


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El viaje al vino

Experiencias diferentes Las actividades que organizamos pretenden sobre todo que las personas que nos visitan disfruten. Y que el placer de compartir un vino abarque la comprensión del lugar del que procede, la filosofía de su cultivo y elaboración, y la consciencia de que todo ello forma parte de nuestro acervo cultural en su más amplio sentido. Fundamentalmente realizamos las actividades en los viñedos, con catas o almuerzos en lugares singulares como la gran roca de Peña Caballera. En la viña de Peña Cruzada (pies descalzos), en lo que era una cantera abandonada, hacemos conciertos con cata y puesta de sol. Visitamos el Castillo de la Coracera, los Toros de Guisando y el Monasterio Cisterciense de Valdeiglesias. Por supuesto, visitamos la Bodega. Organizamos Catas Sensoriales, Cursos de Fotografía o pintura en el viñedo, Charlas de Arte en el Castillo. Y estamos abiertos y capacitados para organizar las actividades a la medida de los grupos o empresas que las demanden.

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Mas allá del vino Paisaje, cultura, vida “Más allá del vino” es un gran proyecto de Patrimonio Cultural y Etnográfico que confluye en el vino. Resultado de la trayectoria personal y profesional de J. Fernando Cornejo como creador y gestor cultural. Bodega Marañones, representa la confluencia entre visiones, pasiones y acciones en el mundo rural en torno al paisaje, la cultura y el patrimonio material e inmaterial.

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El proyecto de responsabilidad social de Bodega Marañones

Su objetivo es evidenciar el valor de los paisajes culturales del vino en Gredos como espacios patrimoniales basados en la confluencia de aspectos naturales y humanos. Actualmente los trabajos se basan en establecer un vínculo entre vino, cultura y paisaje de la mano de J. Fernando Cornejo como viticultor y propietario de la bodega marañones y como gestor de proyectos culturales. Su visión y compromiso de la gestión cultural y del vino trenzadas en una dilatada experiencia, suponen una guía conceptual y metodológica para abordar una lectura avanzada de los valores y de la trascendencia de los paisajes del vino.

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Más allá del vino ¿Me podrías definir en unas palabras qué es Bodega Marañones? Pues es la consecuencia inmediata y casi inevitable del proceso de recuperación de viñedos y paisaje que inicié hace mucho tiempo en San Martín de Valdeiglesias como consecuencia de mi vinculación con el Patrimonio Cultural Inmaterial. ¿Cuáles son los principios esenciales de Bodega Marañones? Yo creo que se pueden condensar todos en un concepto definido por las palabras respeto y compromiso. Nos comprometemos con el respeto al paisaje entendido no solo como elemento estético sino como un territorio con sus características geofísicas, históricas, climatológicas y humanas. Con el respeto al terreno concreto de la viña, a su ubicación, sus componentes y a su diversidad. Respeto a la vid y a las diferentes variedades de uva, a la forma de cultivarla, a su ciclo vegetativo, al entorno y al medio ambiente y las diferencias climáticas. Respeto en la elaboración para mantener y transmitir aquello que trae la uva de cada una de las viñas. Y a la diferencia de las distintas añadas. Y también y muy importante, respeto a las personas, tanto a las que forman el equipo de campo, de bodega o de organización como a los destinatarios finales de los vinos que elaboramos.

En un momento determinado pensé que se podía y se debía mejorar la calidad de los vinos que se estaban elaborando y creyendo en las posibilidades de esta zona y de estos viñedos me decidí a fundar la Bodega. Busqué el consejo de personas sabias en los diferentes ámbitos y tuve la suerte de que a través de ellas contacté con Fernando García, una persona mucho más joven que yo, con una gran formación como ingeniero y enólogo, con las ideas muy claras y con una personalidad seria y coherente. Nos entendimos enseguida y desde el primer momento confié absolutamente en él en todos los aspectos, cosa que sigo haciendo a día de hoy.

¿Y qué crees que le aportas tú? Aparte del soporte económico que es fundamental, y más en un sector tan complicado como éste, creo que le aporto un modo diferente de enfocar los aspectos habituales de una bodega, que por otra parte siguen apoyándose fundamentalmente en el asesoramiento de Fernando García. ¿Qué sientes cuando ves los vinos de Marañones materializados como una realidad? Pues ya lo he dicho, satisfacción y ganas de seguir trabajando y mejorando. ¿Con qué te gustaría que la gente se quedase del amplio proyecto que es Marañones? ¿Qué te aporta tanto personal como Con la capacidad, la posibilidad y la profesionalmente un proyecto como necesidad de disfrutar de la Vida y de la Naturaleza. Amando y cuidando a Bodega Marañones? Personalmente me aporta ilusión por lo ambas. A la vez, porque son lo que falta por realizar, fundamentalmente mismo. Se va extendiendo poco a la construcción de la nueva bodega, en el poco la idea de que las piedras, las campo, entre los viñedos de la finca plantas, los animales y el hombre Marañones que es un paraje de difícil somos parte de la naturaleza y descripción. También me aporta algunas formamos una unidad imposible de preocupaciones, claro, pero son pocas. Me romper. Si tomamos conciencia de da “vidilla”. Me aporta satisfacción ello, una conciencia “consciente de sí cuando se elogian nuestros vinos y misma” entenderemos mejor nuestro algunas personas me dicen que les gustan. entorno, lo cuidaremos mucho más y podremos disfrutarlo. Que es de lo Profesionalmente, si lo vemos desde el que se trata. punto de vista de lo que hemos hablado sobre la gestión del Patrimonio Cultural, es como una culminación, porque se mezclan muchos aspectos. ¿Cómo surge Bodega Marañones? Pero mi profesión de toda la vida, mi Dentro de ese proceso de toma de “modus vivendi” ha sido la Abogacía, y conciencia del paisaje, de los cultivos y sería injusto si ahora renegara de ello. de las tradiciones en el ámbito del Creo que de alguna manera, a los Patrimonio Cultural Inmaterial viendo abogados que hemos ejercido durante como cada año se perdían muchos tantos años (yo llevo 43 haciéndolo) se viñedos en San Martín de Valdeiglesias, nos queda algo en el carácter. Supongo me decidí a comprar algunos y me hice que para bien. socio de la Cooperativa para llevar la uva. 92 - Bodega Marañones


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English translation

Marañones Winery is a coming together of vineyards and people. Our winery logo conveys this idea through the representation of various spaces assembled into one. Our people are devoted to wine making. Our wines reflect the nature, the character of both vineyards and people. This is our company. 5 Marañones Winery Quality, style and personality Our commitment at Marañones The geography of Marañones History of our wine Marañones living through its people Days, seasons and tasks Marañones wines The journey to wine Beyond the wine Landscape, culture, life 7 Marañones Winery Landscape, culture, life High altitude location, old vines, local varieties, granitic soils, Mediterranean climate with soft and constant winds. Vinification by plot. Respect for the earth. Quality, style and personality 20 Our Commitment at Marañones Dedication, honesty, respect Pillars of a total commitment through all the processes at the Marañones Winery. Support from a professional team involved in improving every day. 21 “Our philosophy at Marañones can be summed up by two concepts viewed as one: ‘respect’ and ‘commitment’. We are commiPed to respecting the landscape, understood not only as an aesthetic element, but also as a territory with its geophysical, historical, climatological and human characteristics. We harbour respect for the terrain of the vineyard, its location, its components and its diversity. We respect the vine and the different grape varieties, the way of cultivating , the vegetative cycle, the surroundings, the environment and the climatic differences. We respect the wine making process in order to preserve and transmit what every vine brings. We respect the uniqueness in each vintage. Most importantly, we respect people: those in the field, the winery or the management, and the final recipients of the wines we make.”

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J. Fernando Cornejo Owner of Marañones Winery Excerpt from the interview for “Más allá del vino". 22 Our Commitment at Marañones Respect for the landscape We are constantly dedicated to improving all the aspects, all the processes essential in the creation of quality wines. We seek to return a part of what our activity achieves to both society and the land. It is a relationship between project and region. Our economic development must contribute to the improvement and the promotion of the region. We uphold ground values ​ ​ such as respect for the environment, culture, and engagement in rewarding hard work. To this end, we see the land as an essential part in which the environment and the human component converge. We also view the land as a way to address competitive challenges through enacted solutions. Energy optimisation throughout the production process We follow principles of responsible energy use in the winery and try to reduce the environmental impact of our activity. We implement practical steps for greater energy savings. Sustainable building in the new Marañones Winery Our new construction follows a protocol for sustainable building and integration into the landscape. Conservation of nature and biodiversity We adhere to criteria of organic and biodynamic agriculture. It allows a symbiosis between the vineyard and the surrounding natural environment. Responsible use of water and waste management We follow a water optimisation protocol in the winery, as well as a program of responsible waste management. Research, Development and Innovation Research, Development and Innovation R&D at Marañones Winery are currently focused on two main areas: the recovery of local traditional varieties and their optimisation in the production of high quality wines. The corporate social responsibility of Marañones Winery Through the project "Beyond the wine", we promote knowledge and conservation of the cultural values ​ ​ associated with the world of wine in Gredos. 24

Our Commitment at Marañones The Marañones team Since 2008, the first vintage of our young winery, our team has been steadily growing. In every hire we seek professionalism, vocation and dedication We do not simply choose people performing assigned tasks well. We are not only commiPed to following legal regulations but also a moral code of ethics. At Marañones the human factor prevails when selecting our team members. We foster a permanent group that upholds our shared ethos and hire seasonal staff when needed for specific tasks such as harvesting or temporary backup. Owner Technical director Manager Technical advisor Administration Winemaker Assistant winemaker Field supervisor Field manager Field and winery Winery assistant Field and winery 26 Our Commitment at Marañones The new Marañones winery The quality of our wine is the result of our deep care for the vineyard, its characteristics and surroundings. When you drink our wine, you will feel transported into our vineyard. BePer enjoy and understand our wines by visiting us. You will gain a deeper appreciation of the connection between the land and the production process. The construction project of a new winery in the Marañones estate was born from this connection. The vineyard extends over almost 30 hectares of mixed vines with some plots populated with different species of trees and wild plants forming a unique landscape. The procedures with the ‘Comunidad de Madrid’ are already underway. We intend to build facilities that are not just appropriate for production but also respectful of the environment, and integrated into the landscape. They will be open to the public and easily accessible. Our new winery will initiate you into the beauty of the vineyard and the estate. Capacity BoPles ……......................................... 152,500 Litres ……........................................... 115,000


Overall built surface ……............. 1,800 m2 Surface dedicated to wine production …....................................................… 1,017 m2 Surface for other purposes…......... 723 m2 Surface for other purposes ……....... 723 m2 A. Production Roof height 7m – Interior usable height 5.50m Built surface ….............................… 1,017 m2 Warehousing area ……...................... 507 m2 Wine making and ageing …….....… 610 m2 B. Other purposes Roof height 4m – I interior usable height 2.50m Built surface ……................................ 723 m2 Cloakroom, kitchen, dining and rest area for employees….................................. 241 m2 Multipurpose room, classes, wine tastings, conferences …......................................241 m2 Offices, WC and reception….... 241 m2 28 Our Commitment at Marañones The new vineyard We have recently undertaken the plantation of four hectares of vineyards following specific Marañones quality methods. In high altitude, above 750 metres, with local vines, planted in goblets and staggered rows, maintaining the characteristics of the surrounding vineyards. 30 Marañones and its geography Where the wine comes from Singular sePings between 650 and 850m in altitude. In the Sierra de Gredos. Made up of a patchwork of vineyards of scenic and oenological value, within the D.O. ‘Vinos de Madrid’. 31 Gredos and the wine A privileged location The Marañones Winery is located southwest of the ‘Comunidad de Madrid’, between Toledo and Ávila. Where the Sierra de Gredos and the Sierra de Guadarrama merge, 70 km away from the capital. In San Martín de Valdeiglesias. A complete ecological and rural system The dynamics of change of the last decades in the rural world is noticeable in the area. Nevertheless some fundamental elements remain fully in force. They hold sway over a quality rural life and the relationships between its natural and human components. A geography ideal for wine The Marañones wine is the result of the geographical factors specific of the eastern end of the Sierra de Gredos. The

combination of geology, climate and soils, provides conditions renowned for vine cultivation. 32 Marañones and its geography The geographical factors The geological base The geology of the area is marked by two main aspects. On the one hand a system of large elevated blocks and depressions separated by faults. On the other hand the permanence of the granite as the predominant rock. The morphological zones In the area of San Martín de Valdeiglesias, around the heights of Gredos, there are four zones with clearly differentiated morphologies: 1. The granitic peaks, 2. The high sandy and stony slopes, 3. The middle slopes of sands with residual granite outcrops and 4. The beds and sediments of the valley boPoms. The orographic conditions The orientation-exposure of each vineyard and the annual variations of temperatures and rainfall, constitute micro-climatic environments that account for the annual performance of the vineyards. Our production process is dependent upon the climate as defining element of our wines, the aPention to each vineyard and the care of its surroundings. 33 The optimal climate The dry and temperate Mediterranean climate, with average annual temperatures of around 12 to14ºC, is mitigated by long, cold winters and hot, dry summers. The annual average of precipitations is around 500 to 550 l / m2, falling mainly during the autumn and spring months. The hydrographic confluence The merging of the Gredos and Guadarrama mountain ranges and the intense network of faults form an extensive hydrographic network. This network is organised around the Alberche River that feeds the reservoirs of Burguillo, San Juan and Picadas. Its route from west to south, describes a broad turn. It embraces and humidifies the region and moderates the climatic rigours of both summer and winter. The nutritious soils The soils come from the natural disintegration of granite. The weather encourages the formation of sandy soils and, to a greater or lesser extent, stony soils, which are the basis of the vineyards of

Marañones. The composition of the soils is characterised by itsacidity (pH 5.5-7), high levels of silica and low organic maPer, which provide a high mineral expression to the grape. GEOLOGY QUATERNARY Sands and sandy silts Polygenetic gravels and sands TERTIARY Arkoses, sandy clays and silts CAMBRIAN – PRECAMBRIAN Glandular gneisses and schists GRANITIC ROCKS Granites and late leucogranites Adamellites and granodiorites Scale 1: 200,000 Instituto geológico y minero de España Comunidad de Madrid SOIL AND VEGETATION Pine tree Dry land crops Evergreen oak Scrubland Chestnut tree Pyrenean oak Pastures Riverbanks and irrigated crops Urban areas 34 Marañones and its geography The wine landscape of Marañones The topographical zones encompassing the vineyards of Marañones 1. The granitic peaks of the foothills. Above 800m in altitude Eroded reliefs, witnesses of the oldest evolution phases of the landscape. 2. The sandy and rocky high slopes and granite outcrops, between 750 and 800m alt. They are somewhat steeper. They are areas of high interest for vine cultivation. 3. The sandy middle hillsides with residual granite outcrops, with softer slopes and between 650 and 750m alt. They constitute the most usual areas for vine cultivation in the region. 35 4. The terraces and riverbeds at the boVom of the valleys, with highly decanted sands. They are relatively flat surfaces, over 600 m alt. 5. The granitic alignments. Residual reliefs linked to the main alignments of the Sierra de Gredos. 6. The “sierras” of the southern ridge of Gredos. Summits and main slopes of the mountain range. Very fractured granites. Pyrenean oak and pine trees on hillsides.

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Pastures on summits. The features of Gredos landscape around the vineyards of Marañones The gentle and constant flow of wind, create a natural ventilation and cleansing of the vineyards, making them less susceptible to fungal diseases. The orientation of our vineyards is mostly on the north side, which, given the slope of the plots, facilitates an optimal sun exposure. The pronounced variation of intra-day temperatures, throughout the year and especially at critical moments, favours an optimum maturation of the grape. The “orographic protection factor”: the mountain ranges shield the direct influence of the cold winds and the frosts of the north and facilitate the ventilation of the vineyards. 36 Marañones and its geography Gredos as a heritage wine landscape The wine landscapes have been prominent since immemorial times. At Marañones, we approach our plots as cultural wine landscapes. From this deep awareness, we create a synthesis of aesthetics, ethics and knowledge that is conveyed in our wines. The character of the place Gredos became a heritage site over time, with its network of environmental, geographical, political, cultural and commercial relationships. All these aspects together are born from the wine and are embodied in the wine. They give all its meaning to Gredos and contribute to creating a "character of place", an integral and living territorial identity. Understanding the wine landscape in Gredos The rural landscapes of the eastern end of the Sierras de Gredos have kept their organisation in many small areas, land plots and old estates. The landscape of the region is predominantly marked by the vineyard as a productive unit, mixed with undergrowth due to a gradual abandonment of the vines. Traditionally the agricultural exploitations were family run, with the production surpluses traded at the local and regional markets. The laws concerning land ownership and inheritance have contributed to a complex division of the land. A heritage landscape Our landscape is unique, alive and functional, as a result of natural factors and

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human input. This conveys the concept of "heritage landscape”. It provides a context and continuity to the wine production. It is part of the cultural importance of the area and a reflection of its anthropology, culture, functionality, identity and beauty. The Marañones awareness. The landscape wine Our sensitivity to the essence of the landscape and the wine, led us since 2001, to focus the Marañones project on the recovery of traditional sites of the Gredos vineyard, many of them in processes of decline, although not abandoned totally. We understand and consider the vineyards as an essential element of the landscape. Our intervention maintains and promotes the essence of the land while renewing it at the same time. Many aspects are indispensable in the development of a quality wine project: the social, economic, technical and organisational. We aim to respect them and foster a balance. 38 Marañones and its geography Marañones and the Gredos wine heritage We approach the landscape as heritage from many points of view. This approach becomes a fundamental feature of our wines. A unique context for wine A unique combination of geographical and human elements happens in the eastern mountain chains of Gredos. It makes this region an exceptional area for the development of a unique project around the production of quality wines. Exceptional places and vineyards Marañones Winery is a way of understanding the relationship with the w i n e l a n d s c a p e . I t i s a r e n e we d interpretation of an inherited landscape, through an intense process of m o d e r n i s a t i o n a n d i n n o va t i o n i n winemaking. Full integration with the landscape Our vineyard plots are small, totalling 25 hectares. They are organised production areas, well integrated in the landscape. They respect the traditional features, without disruption from the most innovative aspects of organic agriculture. Own character and uniqueness A wine region with its own characteristics beyond administrative divisions, with a clear uniqueness. Marañones was ideal to develop our consistent vision and approach. It was calling for a revitalisation of the landscape and a rediscovery of the

culture and wine. 40 The wine landscape at Marañones Monastery ‘Our Lady of Valdeiglesias’ PELAYOS DE LA PRESA Coracera Castle SAN MARTÍN DE VALDEIGLESIAS Bulls of Guisando EL TIEMBLO CURRENT WINERY THE DEHESA AREA Alluvial plains. Valley boaom. Granitic soil. Sandy texture. Ground with 100 to 200cm of depth. Altitude: 630 m. Vineyards of "30,000 maravedíes", "picarana" and "labros", this last one being a “Parcela” Wine. THE PEÑA CRUZADA AREA Granitic soil and very stony. Pink granite Sandy texture 30 to 50 cm. Depth of soil. Orientation: summit of the rock. Altitude: 750 m. Vineyard for piesdescalzos. (“Parcela” Wine) THE MARAÑONES AREA Granitic soil. Lime-sandy texture. Soil: 50 to 200 cm. Hillside vineyards. North orientation. Altitude 700 to 850 m. Vineyards of "peña caballera" (“Paraje” wine), "marañones" (“Paraje” wine) and some plots of "picarana" (“Comarca” wine). NEW WINERY THE ANDRINOSO AREA Granitic soil. Sandy texture Depth of soil: 100 to 200 cm. Summit of the plateau. Altitude: 850 m. Exceptional locations and vineyards At Marañones Winery we work mainly in four areas, Marañones, Andrinoso, Peña Cruzada and Dehesa, which have old, unique and exceptional vineyards with local varieties of grapes. 42 Marañones and its geography “Comarca”, “Paraje” and “Parcela” wines Considering the landscape as an important element in wine making has driven us to organise the production of our wines based on the concepts of Comarca (“Region”), Paraje (“Area”, “Location”) and Parcela (“Land Plot”). These categories allow us to effectively refer to the landscape in the wine. We seek to reflect the whole of our vineyard through our Comarca wines. Our vineyard is located in four main locations, Andrinoso, Marañones, Peña Cruzada and La Dehesa, located between 650 and 850 meters of altitude. The vinification of each plot takes place separately, to beaer assess what the plot


can contribute in each vintage. Comarca wines or Pueblo wines result from the assembly of multiple wines into one. In the case of the Garnacha, the wine will be 30,000 maravedíes, and in the case of the Albillo Real, picarana. A Paraje wine is assembled from plots located next to each other. These plots share a similar microclimate, orientation and altitude, as well as the same type of grape and age. In the case of the Paraje wine, we wish to highlight the specificities of these vineyards compared to those used for the Comarca or Pueblo wine. This wine will be the “older sibling” of our Comarca wine. We offer under this concept a wine 100 percent Garnacha called marañones and another one 100 percent from local grapes called darío. Last but not least, to complete the family, we have the eldest sibling: the Parcela wine. The Parcela wine comes from a single vineyard. By its characteristics, the age of the plant, the microclimate, the orientation, the altitude, the Parcela wine clearly conveys its uniqueness and quality. We offer three very different Parcela wines: piesdescalzos, 100 percent Albillo Real, labros, 100 percent Garnacha, and peña caballera, 100 percent Garnacha. Our expertise of the vineyards and of wine production bears its fruit through careful and methodical team work. This is how we draw out the essence of the vine landscape as faithfully as possible. We own 19 hectares(ha) of vineyard and we work directly another 6ha. Old vine, with an average age of 60 years, all goblet pruned and unirrigated. We seek low yields and maximum expression. 44 The history of our wine A memory marked by wine A place of encounter. A place of castles and monasteries. A place of stories with kings, commoners and wine.They accompany us on our journey to value and learn about our land and its people. People who have been passionate about wine and their land. From antiquity and tradition to modernity via excellence. The importance of history Know about and have an appreciation for the history as essential for both conceiving and developing the Marañones Project. The unfolding history of the region and the constant presence of wine in it have been decisive in establishing a relationship between the winery and the region. This

relationship was built on understanding, respect and commitment. 46 The history of our wine A memory marked by wine Our intention is not to make an exhaustive journey through history. Rather, we seek a clear vision of the essential teachings transmiaed through time and by the people of the region. These people have given to their region its personality as a land of wine. YEAR 1150 In 1150, Alfonso VII The Emperor, King of León founds the Monastery of Santa María de Valdeiglesias in Pelayos de la Presa by assembling twelve hermitages of the area. From this moment, the agricultural exploitation of the land will be decided and promoted, with the wine as fundamental crop. Wine has contributed to the growth and prosperity of the region and its people since then. It was not only the main nutritional source.but also a way to organise the region through production, as well as being the main trading merchandise. YEAR 1434 In 1434, at the time when Juan II, father of Isabel la Católica, was king, Don Álvaro de Luna, “Condestable de Castilla”, bought the lordship of San Martín de Valdeiglesias from the monastery of Pelayos. He ordered the construction of the Coracera Castle that has had so much influence on the creation of the Marañones Winery. The Castle housed a winery until recent times just in the lower part of the “Torre del Homenaje”, where today the Vinoteca is located. The famous pact recognising Isabel as successor of Henry IV, and future Queen of Castile, was signed in the meadows where the Bulls of Guisando are located, on the side of the Castle. 47 The 16th century From the 16th century, the vineyard was consolidated as a product. It conditioned the landscape and the economy so typical of the region. The wines at this time had a good reputation, especially being the main supplier of the Court. This reputation and the following trade created a regional specialisation, marked by knowledge, passion and a great care for the vineyard. Its development determined the ownership structure as well as a strong drive towards

commerce. Inter-regional relations also derived from it. Madrid and the Court, and to a lesser extent Toledo and Ávila, constituted a large market. They were already accessible by historical routes that crossed San Martin de Valdeiglesias. Practically all the great authors of the Golden Age Literature (Lope de Vega, Quevedo, Cervantes, Tirso de Molina, Jorge Manrique), quote the wines of San Martín de Valdeiglesias in their writings. Cervantes The two wines that Cervantes preferred, over the nectar given as the payments of Esquivias, were those of Ciudad Real (whites and reds) and the whites of San Martín de Valdeiglesias. The "wine of Santo" was “the best white wine in Spain", in the authoritative opinion of Luis Zapata, and “a cordial medicine against melancholy", according to the scientific judgment of Dr. Sorapán de Rieros. It should be noted that it came exclusively from the madrileño village that gave it its name, and was sold as expensive or precious wine in the best taverns of Madrid, Segovia, Valladolid and other cities of Castile. 48 The history of our wine The 19th century The terrible diseases that affected the Spanish vineyard in the last quarter of the 19th century came much later to Gredos. Soil and climate conditions delayed it until the 1910s. This had two consequences, on the one hand, the development of treatments that allowed the disease to be efficiently controlled and both grape types and vines to be saved. On the other hand, the phylloxera created an increase in the demand for Gredos wines due to the relative shortage by loss of production in the other zones. The 20th century As Gredos was relatively spared by the phylloxera, the continuity of production was preserved. Because of this and the particular orography, there was no consolidation of the land. It allowed to preserve a divided and specialised land.This land forms the base of the agrarian patchwork that we still observe today. The decade of the 60’s witnessed a change in the economic structure of the zone with the irruption of holiday residences and “construction" as a new leading economic sector. 49 From 1960 the changes in the vineyard in Spain were felt. A new regional productive

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frame was put in place, based on the “denominations of origin”, oriented towards the quality, but also towards more efficient yields. This new system did not reach us until 1990, with the constitution of the DO Wines of Madrid and the sub-area of San Martín de Valdeiglesias. The decade of the 60’s witnessed a change in the economic structure of the zone with the irruption of holiday residences and “construction" as a new leading economic sector. As well as this the wines of the region were back then considered as having lost quality comparatively with other regions. Combined with raging competition, these factors led to a gradual fading of the wine industry in our area. At the beginning of the 21st century, this was all changed when a group of pioneers seRled their wineries here. They had a clear vision and a new understanding of the value and potential of the wines and landscapes of Gredos. They also had the strong intention of adapting the techniques of preparation and responding to the new awareness and demand of quality from the consumers. This brief tour takes us through the historical relationship between the vineyard and the region. It demonstrates the importance of wine in the landscape, culture, ecosystem and economy of our region. Through our dedicated daily work at Marañones Winery, we put all our appreciation of our history in each of our vineyards and wines. 50 This picture presents the evolution of the Marañones wine land plots as landscape units over a period of almost seventy years. From left to right Andrinoso, Marañones, La Dehesa, Peña Cruzada. From top to boRom: 1956, 1963, 1974, 2004, 2014. 52 Marañones living through its people Meeting through wine People who contribute their knowledge to ensure proper processes and give character to our wines. From ancestral knowledge to a respectful oenology via approaching each plot and each wine with sensitivity. 53 The essence of Marañones Winery is its vineyards. Its quality has been based for decades on the care of the people who modelled this landscape. Marañones Winery was conceived, from its origin, as a

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project that had to pay tribute to the memory of the people who cultivated those vineyards. At Marañones, our relationship with the people who once owned each location is an enduring truth. Even if we do not renounce to improve the processes of cultivation and production we have a great consideration for what unites us, implicates us and obliges us with the region, its conservation and its values. We have learned about wine and land, from all of these people, and above all, we have learned about values, effort and love about wine and land. These relations of friendship permeate Marañones. They are our grounding and commitment.We are bound to the landscape through this legacy. It bears witness to our belonging to a communal project. It is a reflection of the relationship between people and region. 54 Marañones living through its people Meeting through wine 55 As part of the general project "Beyond the wine", we present a series of excerpts from the interviews carried out for “Marañones living through its people”. They illustrate the essence of Gredos wine landscapes based on the social and cultural memory of its people. “I want to pass on what we have to my children and my grandchildren. I'm going to try to instil it in the generations to come. " Manuel García Delgado "Negrillo" 69 years old "The women worked a lot, squeezing the grapes, removing the bad ones and organising the boxes, 5 or 6 each." María Cruz García Sánchez. 97 years old “When we were 13-14 years old, we stayed up until 2-3 in the morning trampling the grapes after a full day of harvesting." Antonio Bravo García. "Hilero" 63 years old 56 “In agriculture, the science is in the sky and the weather. He who says he understands it is a liar.” Félix Fernández Rodríguez. "Cascarilla" 82 years old “The more work you put in it, the more freshness is always kept for the fruit.” Francisco Blázquez García. "Pepe" 88 years old “The women harvested more than the

men.” Luís López Cabrera. "Luisillo" 83 years old 57 “Everyone allows it to be lost and young people do not want to be in the countryside.” Eulogio Zarzalejo Yuste. "Palillo" 75 years old “What you put into the vineyard is what you get back” Luís Lastras Gómez. "El Pollo" 74 years old “We enjoyed the start of the harvest as though we were children” Pablo García Reviejo "Curro" 81 years old 58 "The first thing I did when I started my adventure into wine was to seek the advice of experts such as Carlos Gosálbez, Paco Parejo, Mariano Cabello and others, to whom I will never cease to be grateful. I am also grateful to all the people who support me and encourage me, like my friend Picuenco. " J. Fernando Cornejo "You are ‘crazy sanes’" "You are ‘crazy sanes’. You saved all the slowly dying vineyards of this town. Instead you gave them prestige.” "Marañones Winery has built new foundations. Without them the vineyards would have gradually lost all prospects.” "My first job was to go to the field to hand pick the vine shoots. Today no one is capable of working the vineyard, to realise what the countryside is. It is precious, even if it demands a hard sacrifice. Our values ​ are lost, the love of nature is lost. People tend to forget that we make wine in our town.” Valentín Rey Reviejo "Picuenco". 59 "Working with life, it's life" "If there is no passion, wine cannot be made." “Traditionally our wines had a different purpose. They had a high alcohol content. That's why the Mediterranean wines enchanted the Romans. The latest generations have changed this." "I was not wrong. I am into it. I would not have done it differently. If I could not have been ecological, I would not have done it well.” "Respect for the environment is essential. It is part of our passion. What we do is neither intensive nor extensive. We work manually because we are craftsmen not


manufacturers.” Carlos Gosálbez Winemaker and viticulturist Gosálbez Orti Winery 60 Days, seasons and tasks Experience of the wine, taste of the landscape The expertise of wine and soil. The use of organic and biodynamic agriculture. A pure from the heart dedication to our vineyard. The expression of the landscape in our wine. 61 A unique location, exceptional vineyards and artisanal production criteria At Marañones we consider our commitment to the land to be paramount. 62 Days, seasons and tasks Organic and biodynamic viticulture Ecological viticulture is is at the base of Marañones Winery. All our plots are cultivated following the principles of organic agriculture. We aim to maintain healthy vineyards, the ecological balance, the grape quality and the harmony with our landscape. Marañones follows principles of biodynamic agriculture. It is based on the interdependence between all the elements that concern the vineyard. It means that we aim to understand the vineyard and treat it as an integrated ecosystem. We remain however aware of the difficulty of measuring objectively the success of biodynamic viticulture. We consider that this way of approaching the crop is fully coherent with the vision and integral philosophy of Marañones Winery. In our experience, the health and vigor of the land is greater, and the evolution in the wines beRer reflects the character and the specificities of the vineyard. How we understand organic and biodynamic viticulture. Fundamental principles. Earth We work from the awareness that agriculture is a science of adaptation and the individualisation of methods. People We seek dedication from the team performing the tasks at the winery. A continual training helps them realise that they work with life. Fruit Our goal is the development of a quality wine, respecting Nature and the beings that inhabit her.

62 Days, seasons and tasks Caring for the vineyard We pay special aRention to cosmological and natural rhythms. The lunar cycle helps us determine some tasks in the field and in the winery. We try to make the pruning, the composting, the boRling during the correct phases of the moon. There are tasks that we have been performing for about five years in all the plots where we produce Paraje or Parcela wines: soil stimulation through the "500" and “501" preparations, fertilisation with organic compost and infusions with vegetable extracts and seeds. We have always been concerned by the understanding of our soils. It is one of the elements that we look to convey in our wines. For instance, we strived to analyse the fundamental features of plantations that we carried out in 2013 and 2016. We trained our staff to implement all necessary measures to improve the 4 hectares of new vineyard. 63 Work in the field Animal ploughing We plough three parcels with animals, given their steep slope and their narrow plantation frame. Ecological agriculture We abide by organic farming, as the best way to express the terroir and to maintain a healthy environment. Vegetative cycle of the vineyard We adjust to the vine vegetative cycle to obtain an adequate maturation and a good balance between freshness, acidity and tannin. Manual harvesting The harvest is manual. The grapes are placed in boxes of up to 12 kilos. A second selection takes place at the winery. The strict control of the grape origin The grape originates 100 percent from our vineyards. They are classified according to characteristics of location, soil and climate. Spontaneous fermentation All wines ferment spontaneously with their own yeasts. 64 Days, seasons and tasks Processes and care during the growth cycle of the vineyard As a guideline, we list some of the tasks performed according to the seasons. Our calendar also takes into account the cycles of the moon.

SPRING We direct our work efforts towards improving the vigor of our vineyard and strengthening the soil. Green pruning The main objective is to eliminate the secondary shoots so that the sap and the nutrients of the vine concentrate in the shoots selected during the winter pruning. Soils We revitalise the soil with a “500” manure preparation. We try to build the structure of the soil by regulating its pH. Some plots are worked with animal drawn ploughs. Plant A valerian infusion helps promote beRer flowering. NeRle avoids diseases. Yarrow reduces the level of sulfur and oxidation. They are all homeopathic treatments that we normally do in spring. We repeat some in autumn. SUMMER In the summer the plant has already formed its fruit and must achieve maturation. It is important to control the level of foliage of the plants and apply if necessary some yarrow infusion. AUTUMN After the harvest, the vineyard is prepared for the annual agricultural cycle. We begin the soil stimulation work that will continue until spring. Composting The manure from the cows grazing in our meadows is in our opinion the best composting. It is essential for organic viticulture. A silica preparation helps increase the vigor of the plant by amplifying the effects of sunlight. It reinforces the plants. At the same time it gives them flexibility, improving the nutritional quality. WINTER We continue with the work of soil stimulation, also realising other fundamental tasks. Dry pruning We start dry pruning once the vine is in a vegetative state and before it grows new shoots. Sowing We sow in soils treated with the "500" preparation that allows the adequate development of legumes and the formation of knots. Knots are very suitable in sloping soils. 66 Days, seasons and tasks

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The grape types We work mainly with two local grapes, the “Garnacha” and the “Albillo Real”. Our passion for the Intangible Cultural Heritage has pushed us to explore various forms of cultivation as well as the production of two other local grapes: the “Moscatel de Grano Menudo” and the “Morate". Albillo Real Local type used as a table grape in the 19th century. Creeping with a short cycle. The wine has a distinctive scent reminiscent of white flowers. It stands out in the palate for the high content of glycerin that makes it very enveloping. Garnacha A traditional grape in the Sierra de Gredos. Adapted to grounds with high mineral content. It produces balanced and elegant wines revealed to the nose with hints of red fruit and an undergrowth landscape. Moscatel de Grano Menudo A local grape planted in small quantities next to the Albillo. Depending on the year, it allows a sweet or dry vinification. A type that flowers early but ripens late. Low performance. Morate Local grape, usually identified as Aragonesa or Morenillo. Its vegetative cycle is long, with irregular production. It grows bunches and large berries. The Morate vineyards are scaJered around the estate. 68 Days, seasons and tasks The production The production of white wines The production of white wines is based on a cold pre-fermentative skin maceration, using a soft pneumatic press. Natural “debourbage” (24h) and ageing with its fine lees in French oak barrels from 500 to 700 litres (l) of light and medium roast. We also use French oak casks of 1,200 to 5,000 litres. The production of red wines The red wines are mainly fermented with the whole bunch, in French oak tanks of 30, 45 and 115 hectolitres. Delicate macerations with “pigeage”. Alcoholic fermentation is at low temperature. Both the alcoholic and the malolactic fermentations happen naturally in barrels by plots. It ages in French oak barrels from 500 to 700 l and in casks from 1,500 to 3,000 l. 70 The wines of Marañones 102 - Bodega Marañones

Wines full of truth picarana, piesdescalzos, marañones, peña caballera, labros, 30.000 maravedies, darío, beltrán. A family in which the soil and the climate of each place coexist in balance. A natural ageing in large tanks of French oak. Wines infused with the landscape. 71 "In our family of wines we have two whites, five reds and one sweet wine. We use a pyramidal classification of our wines, like in Burgundy. This means that we have the “Comarca” wines, or “Pueblo” wines, at the base. They embody the character of the region, as they come from a mix of vineyards and plots. Then we have “Paraje” wines. They come from a specific location in the region. Their own features are derived from the orientation of the plot, the altitude, the soil or from a combination of these. Finally, at the top of the pyramid, we have the “Parcela” wines. They come from land plots ‘touched by the magic wand of quality’, plots with an expression, a complexity and exceptional finesse.” Fernando García Technical Director Marañones Winery •  Transcript of interviews for the presentation of our wine. 72 picarana Comarca wine "Picarana is our white Pueblo or Comarca wine. 100 percent Albillo Real local grape. There is very liJle Albillo Real left in Spain. It is mostly located in Gredos and in the hoJest villages, because the Albillo Real likes the sun a lot. It is a very early grape, usually for the table, very tasty, very juicy. It has a very small bunch that turns golden immediately. It allows us to obtain a white wine with a lot of density in the mouth and unctuousness, due to its high content of glycerin. The name of picarana was given as a tribute to a bird in the area, even though we are literally at war with them, because they eat the grapes. The name serves a liJle to reflect that union of land, environment and wildlife. Although we have to dispel the birds so that they do not do too much damage, we paid them a tribute by giving their name to the wine. Picarana is the result of a combination of all land plots, orientations and types of granites. They are all the elements at our disposal to convey the revival of the

vineyard.” immediately. It allows us to obtain a white wine with a lot of density in the mouth and unctuousness, due to its high content of glycerin. The name of picarana was given as a tribute to a bird in the area, even though we are literally at war with them, because they eat the grapes. The name serves a liJle to reflect that union of land, environment and wildlife. Although we have to dispel the birds so that they do not do too much damage, we paid them a tribute by giving their name to the wine. Picarana is the result of a combination of all land plots, orientations and types of granites. They are all the elements at our disposal to convey the revival of the vineyard.” 73 piesdescalzos Parcela wine "Piesdescalzos, is an Albillo Real Parcela wine from a single small vineyard, less than one hectare. It has the peculiarity of being located in a place called Peña Cruzada. It is on the high side of the crag, receiving sun all day, which suits Albillo very well. Pink granite, with very liJle soil. The soil of which the vineyard lives is only 30 to 50 centimetres deep. Underneath there is a much more compact stone. It reduces the fruity sensation in the wine and increases the mineral notes. Piesdescalzos is the expression of this small vineyard, of this Albillo not so fruity, not so glyceride, not so unctuous, not so floral. We go more towards the mineral, the length and the stone at the end. It bears much more austerity, more suffering from the vine. The yield is lower. It is a great expression of the Albillo in a great white wine." 74 30,000 maravedies Comarca wine "The first of our red wines would be 30,000 maravedíes, which is our Comarca wine, a regional wine, village wine. 30,000 maravedíes is the coming together of all soils, orientations, dominantly Garnacha at 90 percent with a remaining 10 percent of local grapes. The minority grapes close the composition. The name also reflects the union between history, the winery, the structure and the place. Álvaro de Luna paid 30,000 maravedíes to buy the whole region from


the monks who fostered the cultivation of the vine. It is a historical name. It refers to what was paid for the Valley and pays homage to the Valley. It also evokes what the monks had developed. This history is part of our heritage and we continue it. This village wine wants to tell you the whole history of the Valley. At the end it delivers a structure tending towards the mineral, the floral, length, fruitiness and ease of drinking." 75 marañones Paraje wine “Marañones is so to say our signature vine. This is why the winery was named after this location. It is part of the mountain at 800 m in altitude, oriented North. We find there the three types of granite of San Martin: the white granite, the brown and the pink. Each vineyard at Marañones has a different soil. Some are on a hill. Others are more towards the plains. In this wine we wish to convey the Marañones area so representative of the whole winery. this is why we make this wine from the great Garnacha grape. We use a mix of vines since it is not a Parcela wine, which would be much more delicate and of more limited production. The 100 percent Garnacha expresses itself fully, both in the nose and in the mouth, with flavours of blackthorn, a sensation of fleshy fruit retaining a slightly crispy texture. Then comes a full silkiness, with the granularity of these granite soils rich in quarc. That nugget of quarc is noticeable in the texture, length, fineness, elegance and the floral element of the wine." 76 labros Parcela wine "It is one of our Parcela wines, of 100 percent Garnacha. We want to convey in it the area of “La Dehesa”, which is the boJom of the Valley of San Martín de Valdeiglesias, where we have an alluvial soil with a lot of depth for the roots. Labros is just a very old vine, more than 90 years old. It is located on a small hill, facing west, of a very compact white granite that stresses the vine. Being so old it is very unproductive with very low yields. It is a plot of about one hectare where we roughly produce 2,000 - 2,500 boJles. It is the reflection of the most Mediterranean vineyard we have. This means that the fruit is always above the

floral sensation, with a slightly rougher tannicity, due to the type of soil. Above all, it is a very deep but non-linear wine. It is similar to other wines from the same range, but more compact, with a longer finish. Labros comes from the name of a stream that is a branch of the Alberche river and near to the vineyards. “ 77 peña caballera Parcela wine "Another Parcela wine, 100 percent Garnacha, it is really our forerunner wine. Peña caballera is named after the mountain where it is located. It is 850 m high in the highest parts of San Martín de Valdeiglesias, in a north orientation. This means it is cooler, with less sun in the morning and, above all, less sun in the afternoon, in the west, which is the hoJest part. It provides ventilation, a natural freshness which results in slower ripening. It allows to work organically It is the expression of the Garnacha from the point of view of the floral, the acidity, the length, the finesse, the delicacy, the elegance of the wine. " 78 darío Paraje wine This wine is named after Fernando Cornejo’s younger grandson as a tribute. To us it represents the opposite of Garnacha. It is a minority grape without Garnacha. Marañones is mostly Garnacha. Gredos is Garnacha land. But we find here the expression of a minority grape such as Morate, which is almost the opposite of Garnacha, both in the type of viticulture, and in the type of bunch. Its bunches are more succulent and larger. The point in common with Garnacha is the acidity, but with a note that is always a liJle more vegetal and herbaceous. It makes wines that are shorter, not so direct, with a less granitic expression, but with the fluidity given by the Morate. It is a bit like a thirstquenching wine, of a wine more suitable for the start of an aperitif, a wine that the field workers used to drink. 79 beltrán Parcela wine Another tribute wine named after the other grandson of Fernando Cornejo. We use Moscatel de Grano Menudo, a local grape. Like in many other viticultural areas, other

types of grapes are also planted within the vineyard. Inside the Albillo vines, we also grow Moscatel varieties to make sweet wine. The grapes are left to dry and condense on site.The beauty of the Moscatel is that within the structured, sweet part, it maintains a lot of acidity. This makes it a very drinkable wine that also has a great potential for ageing. Beltrán is a very limited production, a total of 300 small boJles, and depends a lot on the vintage. In the worst years that are drier, we reach 100-150 boJles. The Moscatel is selected from three plots. It needs to condense, to be exposed a bit more to the inclemency of the weather and to the birds. This way we are able to make an essence wine, a drop wine of a sweet type. 80 The wines of Marañones Marañones in the world 70 percent of our production is exported. We are pleased to have consolidated our presence in the most important countries of quality wine consumers. The growth of our production is gradual and steady. We are very conscientious in the choice and cultivation of the vines before incorporating new grapes into our wine. Both in the vineyards that are our property (19 hectares) and in those that we rent ( 6 hectares). We will maintain sustainable growth "but stay true to the quality of the processes. Ireland, United Kingdom, Belgium, Holland, Sweden, Denmark, Germany, Swicerland, Canada, United States, Puerto Rico, France, Lebanon, Japan, Australia. 82 The journey to wine Meet and share Marañones Special activities, Offerings bringing together wine and cultural entertainment. Art, music, history, wine tasting in vineyards and other events set in unique locations. 83 When presenting the project to our clients our main intention is for them to enjoy a unique experience, in which the landscape, the vineyard and of course the wines are the protagonists. We convey our deep respect for the culture s u r r o u n d i n g w i n e i n i t s va r i o u s expressions and also offer various creative playful activities. At the Marañones winery we love to travel and that is why we like to link wine and Bodega Marañones - 103


journey during each of the activities with our clients. Every day the program is different, but always includes cultural activities, such as a visit to the Coracera Castle. 84 The journey to wine A wealth of experiences We intend for our activities to be a joyful experience for visitors.The pleasure of tasting our wine encompasses the understanding of the place from which it comes from, the philosophy of its cultivation and production, and the awareness that all this is part of our cultural heritage in its broadest sense. We largely carry out activities in the vineyards, with tastings or lunches taking place in unique spaces such as the great rock of Peña Caballera. We do tastings at sunset during concerts at the vineyard of Peña Cruzada (piesdescalzos), in what was an abandoned quarry We visit the Coracera Castle, the Guisando Bulls and the Cistercian Monastery of Valdeiglesias. And of course, we visit the winery. We organise ‘sensory tasting’, photography and/or painting courses in the vineyard as well as talks on ‘art’ at the Castle. We are flexible and able to organise activities tailored to the requirements of specific groups or companies. 86 Beyond the wine Landscape, culture, life "Beyond the wine" is an ambitious project of Cultural and Ethnographic Heritage that is expressed through wine. This originates from the personal and professional career of J. Fernando Cornejo as creator and cultural manager. Marañones Winery represents the coming together in the rural world of visions, passions, actions. Here, land, culture, tangible and intangible heritage meet. 87 Social responsibility at the Marañones winery The objective is to emphasise the cultural wine landscapes in Gredos as heritage spaces based on the confluence of natural and human aspects. Currently the works are based on establishing a link between wine, culture and landscape by the hand of J. Fernando Cornejo as a winemaker and owner of the Marañones winery and as a manager of

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cultural projects. His vision and commitment to the culture and wine management are interwoven in an extensive experience. He has a clear concept and takes a methodological approach to the deep knowledge of the values ​ ​ and the importance of the region and its wine. 88 Beyond the wine A program of cultural and social commitment The goal is to demonstrate the importance of the lands and the folk culture that occur in the Sierra de Gredos from a geographical and anthropological perspective. Two lines of work have been developed for the project "Beyond the wine" (for the promotion of Gredos wine landscapes). On the one hand, under the heading "The geographies of the Marañones wine", fundamental aspects are analysed and compiled that characterise the wine landscapes in Gredos especially in the area of ​San Martín de Valdeiglesias. For this project, bibliographical and cartographic sources have been used. They have allowed to configure the base of a wine geography in the area. On the other hand, under the heading “Marañones living through its people", we compiled the memories of people linked to wine in the area. Through these memories and direct experiences, we could build a sequence, both of the evolution of wine in the region in the last 50 years as well as a record of the aeitudes and visions towards this evolution. We include an interview with J. Fernando Cornejo that allows to understand the scope of the project, how it arose and fits into the personal and professional trajectory of its promoter and executor. 89 1. Interview in process at the Peña Cruzada site, in order to compile information for “Marañones living through its people”. 2. Marañones Area. A wine landscape in Gredos. Enclosure with stone walls and evergreen oak woodland in locations where the recovery of vineyards is taking place. 3. Monastery of Santa María de Valdeiglesias in Pelayos de la Presa. Historical monument linked to the origin of the wine production and culture in the area. 90 Beyond the wine

J. Fernando Cornejo and the culture of wine Excerpt from the interview with J. Fernando Cornejo, owner of the Marañones Winery in the Sierra de Gredos, about his personal and professional journey dedicated to the world of cultural management and wine. What is your personal experience when it comes to Heritage and Culture? My experience has distant beginnings. At the age of 17, I founded the “Melting Pot Youth Club” together with six friends. For many years it promoted and galvanised cultural life in Benavides de Órbigo, in the province of León. Benavides is where I was born,. I’ve been refurbishing abandoned houses of traditional Maragato architecture, in villages near Astorga for more than forty years. I’ve restored them and given them different uses, such as a small ethnographic museum that I personally created by using objects abandoned by the former owners. Or the ‘Casa del Arzipreste’, an 18th century building, aeached to the church of Requejo. Today it is a set of rural lodgings. In Bonillos, several of these refurbished houses are used as dwellings or architectural studios. In San Martín de Valdeiglesias, after a never-ending legal action, I rescued the Coracera Castle, from the 15th century. I acquired the inheritance rights. Later I donated half of the Castle to the City Council in order to form a Foundation that is still active today. For some years I chaired the Spanish Association of Cultural Heritage Managers. During that time we worked on very different areas, for the definition and protection of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. It includes, among many other elements and values, the landscape, the traditions, the crops ... And of course that also covers the vineyards and the wine. Many of the projects and activities I've engaged in have been inspired from a deep place. Where does it come from and how do you relate to Heritage? I do not know where it comes from. Perhaps from my mother ’s sensitive nature. She became a teacher in a family of merchants. After her career as a teacher, although she was already 60 years old, she enrolled at the University, in History and Geography. She wrote poems. All this in a rural environment that was not very


propitious. Because of this I have always valued and admired the world of artistic creation in all its manifestations. I gave a try to writing, drawing and sculpture. I have organised very diverse artistic and cultural events and I have been a patron of the arts. How do you link this with Heritage? First, you have to feel it. Then appreciate it. And finally you have to commit yourself to it and contribute what you can. You can and should enjoy this process What is your favorite project? Right now my favourite would be the one I am currently in. The world of wine and the conservation of the vineyards and the landscape of San Martín de Valdeiglesias. 91 Previously I have promoted many other projects. Fortunately almost all are now completed. Some have more scope and impact than others. But they are like children. Each one is different but you love them all. I would not know which one to choose. You have come to design a way to develop cultural projects. What do you think are the main obstacles for the development of these projects? I think that the main limitations are education in general, specific training in particular and economic resources. In this order. All that enormous effort, what does it bring? It brings me self-realisation and personal growth. Also emotional balance because I feel that somehow I give back to the collective and life itself a part of how much it has been given to me. Finally, when there is luck, this effort brings me social recognition and prestige. Could you tell us in broad terms how this type of project is developed? It is complex and there are no set formulas. Each project is different and you have to know how to adapt to the circumstances. But common to all projects there is need for much enthusiasm and effort. Without that, nothing comes out. To what extent has that background influenced the development of the project at Marañones Winery? Without this background there would be no Marañones Winery. This is my last project for now. I do not know if I will be able to make others or even complete this one, but it is clear that without the previous ones we would not have got to

this one. 92 Could you define in a few words what Marañones Winery is? It is the immediate and almost inevitable result of the process of recovery of vineyards and landscape that I started a long time ago in San Martín de Valdeiglesias, and a consequence of my link to the Intangible Cultural Heritage. What are the essential principles of Marañones Winery? Our philosophy at Marañones can be summed up by two concepts viewed as one: “respect” and “commitment”. We are commieed to respecting the landscape, understood not only as an aesthetic element, but also as a territory with its geophysical, historical, climatological and human characteristics. We harbour respect for the terrain of the vineyard, its location, its components and its diversity. We respect the vine and the different grape varieties, the way of cultivating, the vegetative cycle, the surroundings, the environment and the climatic differences. We respect the wine making process in order to preserve and transmit what every vine brings. We respect the uniqueness in each vintage. Most importantly, we respect people: those in the field, the winery or the management, and the final recipients of the wines we make. How did Marañones Winery emerge? By becoming aware of the landscape, crops and traditions in the field of Intangible Cultural Heritage. By seeing so many vineyards lost every year in San Martín de Valdeiglesias. I decided to buy some and became a member of the Cooperative in charge of collecting the grapes. At a certain moment I thought that it was possible to improve the quality of the wines that were being prepared. I trusted the possibilities of this area. From these vineyards I decided to found the winery. I sought the advice of wise people in different areas. I was lucky that through them I contacted Fernando García, a person much younger than me, with a great training as an engineer and winemaker, with very clear ideas and with a serious and consistent personality. We understood each other immediately and from the first moment I absolutely trusted him in all aspects, something that I still do today.

What does a project such as Marañones Wi n e r y b r i n g y o u p e r s o n a l l y o r professionally? Personally, it gives me hope for what remains to be done, mainly the construction of the new winery. It will be situated in the countryside, among the vineyards of the Marañones estate. It is a place difficult to describe It also gives me some concerns, of course, but only a few. It gives me something to live for. It gives me satisfaction when our wines are praised and when people tell me they like them. Professionally, if we see it from the point of view of what we have talked, about the managing of Cultural Heritage, it is like a culmination, because it brings many aspects together. However, my lifelong profession, my "modus vivendi" has been the legal profession, and it would be unfair if I now disowned it. I think that in some way, us lawyers who have practiced for many years (I've been doing it for 43 years) we have something left in our character. I guess for good. And what do you think you bring? Apart from the economic support that is essential, especially in a sector as complicated as this one, I think that I bring a different way of focusing on the usual a s p e c t s o f a w i n e r y. T h e w i n e r y nevertheless continues to rely mainly on the advice of Fernando García. What do you feel when you see the wines of Marañones materialized as a reality? Well I have already said, satisfaction and desire to continue working and improving. What would you like people to take from the ambitious project that is Marañones? The ability, the possibility and the need to enjoy Life and Nature. Loving and taking care of both. At the same time, because they are the same. Stones, plants, animals and man are part of nature and we form a unity impossible to break up. This is an idea gaining ground. If we become aware of it, a conscience "aware of itself”, we will understand our environment beeer, we will take beeer care of it and we will be able to enjoy it. That’s what it is.

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Avenida de Marcial Llorente 69 B y C, Pelayos de la Presa. Madrid 91 864 77 02! Oficinas Calle Tarragona 38 local, Madrid! 91 446 49 37! www.bodegamaranones.com Diseño, realización y textos Reyes Ávila y Equipo Marañones Fotografía Reyes Ávila, todas las fotografías Elevelyn Hellenschmidt (foto p. 70, 74 A 80, p.87-3) Fotografía histórica cedida por Valentín Rey Impresión Gráficas Serafín S.L.U.

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Bodega Marañones - Sierra de Gredos - España  
Bodega Marañones - Sierra de Gredos - España  
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