Pro Arb Autumn 2022

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Catch up with the Tyler Grange tribe A consultancy that does things differently

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Help the aged – because older trees matter Dr Duncan Slater’s latest casebook



A solution for Hand Arm Vibration Syndrome New technology provides protection

Edinburgh’s Royal Botanic Garden where construction Techniques save trees

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AUTUMN 2022 • Volume 9 • Issue 03

Catch up with the Tyler Grang e tribe A consultancy that does things differen tly

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Help the aged – because older trees matte r Dr Duncan Slater’s latest caseboo k

A solution for Hand Arm Vibration Syndr ome New technology provides protect ion

Edinburgh’s Royal Botanic Garden where constru Techniques save ction trees



any arborists say there are not enough hours in the day to fit in all the work they currently have on. But, while it’s great to be fully booked, burnout in this sector exists. That’s why you may be interested to read about Tyler Grange, which o ers arb consultancy. he company is now involved in a pilot to see if a four-day working week – with no loss of pay – will be their way forward – see page 14. Hand Arm Vibration Syndrome has no cure and is relatively common in arb, where power

ALL ENQUIRIES Tel: 01903 777 570 Eljays44 Ltd 3 Churchill Court, 112 The Street, Rustington, West Sussex BN16 3DA EDITORIAL Features editor – Rachel Gordon Head of content – Nina Mason Commissioning editor – Sam Seaton Senior subeditor – Katrina Roy

tools are used for extended periods. However, new sensor-based technology is now available to ensure work is being carried out safely – you can find out more on page 11. Meanwhile, Dr Duncan Slater is passionate about trees, and in particular for the older generation. ou will find his insight into the topic on page 20 inspiring. In this issue, we also have pages of kit and with many arborists saying that they have an exceptionally busy autumn ahead, then this is a great time to see what s on o er and to upgrade. Brands featured include

ADVERTISING Director of development – Jessica McCabe Sales manager – Millie Genner Horticulture Careers – Mark Wellman PRODUCTION Design – Kara Thomas Printed by Pensord Press Ltd Published by ©Eljays44 Ltd CIRCULATION Subscription enquiries – Joe Wilkinson


Vermeer, ISOtunes, Bobcat and Makita to name but a few. We always welcome your feedback, so let us know what you think. And let us know what’s going on at your business – we could well be interested in featuring you in our next issue.

Pro Arb is published four times per year by Eljays44 Ltd. The 2022 subscription price is £95. Subscription records are maintained at Eljays44 Ltd, 3 Churchill Court, 112 The Street, Rustington, West Sussex, BN16 3DA, UK. Articles and information contained in this publication are the copyright of Eljays44 Ltd and may not be reproduced in any form without the written permission of the publishers. The publishers cannot accept responsibility for loss of, or damage to, uncommissioned photographs or manuscripts.

MANAGEMENT Chairman – Jim Wilkinson Editorial director – Lisa Wilkinson Managing Director – Jamie Wilkinson FOLLOW US ONLINE Follow us on Twitter @ProArbmagazine Like us on Facebook Proarbmagazine Connect to our LinkedIn group Pro Arb UK For careers in arboriculture and horticulture go to: If you would like to send us press releases to post online, please email: Cover image ©HAVSPRO (


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Pro Arb | Autumn 2022


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s t n e t con 2 2 0 2 N M U AUT


news 6 11

26 > Meet the Supplier – ISOtunes

> News extra – Taking

28 > EGO’s new chainsaw

Updates from around the arb world

on Hand Arm Vibration Syndrome

> Interview – Jon Berry of Tyler Grange

Discover the consultancy which o ers arboriculture, landscape planning and ecology



> Pests and diseases – Expert view

Dr Glynn Percival on Red Band Needle Blight


> The AA’s 55th

National Amenity Conference

Check out this year’s event on 4-7 September at Loughborough

features 16


> Dr Duncan Slater’s


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The entry-level CS1614e

31 > Makita expands XGT 40V range A new range of outdoor power products

32 > MEWPs

Market insight from Promax Access

33 > Product DNA

awnflite s environmentally-friendly logsplitter

36 > Wood chippers riefings from

reenMech, obra and



Move on up with HM-D’s towable trailers

40 > TIME FOR A REAL VERMEER? closer look ahead of ermeer s


41 > skid steers

obcat s most significant redesign in


business 42

> banter vs bullying

> Top tips –


> apprenticeships


> the four-day working week


> Off-duty


> Five minutes with...

watering young trees Advice from charity Trees for Cities


Modern solutions to protect arborists’ hearing


Why caring for older trees matters



> News

How new technology can prevent this serious condition



> New thinking to

protect historic trees Check out an innovative pro ect at dinburgh s oyal Botanic Garden

Why employers need to be aware and alert

ee ickers on o -the- ob rule changes

ould it work for your firm

Stihl’s Timbersports Championship

A quick catch up with Sharon Smith of Blue Tree Company

Pro Arb | Autumn 2022


09/08/2022 15:18




Carr’s Billington Safety has launched a new website as part of a programme to improve customer service. Commercial manager, Neil Thomas, comments: “This is a major step forward for Carr’s Billington Safety. It’s part of the company’s ongoing evolution following our recent name change from Workware, along with the adoption of our new business structure, computer system and stock management process. It clearly reflects our dedication to assisting our customers further by o ering an easy to navigate featurepacked website that sets us apart from our competitors.” The new website now features an easy-to-use, streamlined design with improved site navigation and functionality, including enhanced information on products, stock availability and a rapid order process.


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Pro Arb | Autumn 2022


MORE TREES NEEDED AS LONDON SIZZLES London’s mayor, Sadiq Khan, has announced a £3.1 million tree planting scheme in a move to lessen the e ects of climate change in the capital. July saw record temperatures of over 40o , resulting in wildfires that destroyed over 40 homes on the outskirts of the city. he extreme temperatures and fires that raged across the capital laid bare how vulnerable ondon is to the e ects of climate change,” says Khan. “These additional street trees and improvements to green spaces are targeted in areas where they’re most needed.” he extreme temperatures also intensified the rban eat Island e ect, which occurs when the sun’s rays are absorbed by hard surfaces such as concrete instead of trees, plants and grass. Planting more trees can help lessen the impact and mean cooler condition, while also reducing the risk of flooding. Since 2016, over 430,000 trees have been planted across the capital, including two major woodland creation projects, creating

HUSQVARNA LINKS WITH TEUFELBERGER Husqvarna has announced a partnership with climbing gear specialist, Teufelberger, stating it wants to o er more solutions for arborists. he eufelberger deal is seen as a first step in providing products and tools that supply comfort, e ciency and safety when working at height. Johan Hallendorf, Husqvarna’s director of global portfolio arborist solutions, says: “When we decided to create our own climbing gear, we asked arborists and tree workers about the best and most reputable producers in that market. We understood

an additional 85 hectares of new accessible green space. Philip Glanville, environment lead for London Councils, says: “London boroughs are collaborating with partners, like the Mayor of London, on initiatives such as this that work across London’s diverse communities and crucially, have a long-lasting impact. “More trees in London will contribute to our capital’s climate resilience, especially in areas more vulnerable to climate risk, and will take steps to ensure that London can continue to thrive as a resilient and green city.”

that Teufelberger was a great match for us in terms of high quality combined with opportunities for innovation. Together with our chainsaws, we want to o er arborists and tree workers the best equipment solutions for their most frequent needs.” Ludovic Rambert, business unit manager of treecare at Teufelberger, adds: “We are excited to partner with Husqvarna. With their expertise in chainsaws combined with our expertise in climbing gear we will be able to develop new products making the working lives of arborists and tree workers a lot easier.” The new climbing gear will launch during the second half of 2022.


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Stihl has announced plans for a new €125 million manufacturing site for electric and cordless power tools to significantly increase its battery-powered product manufacturing capacity. he new facility will be completed in 2024 and the new 147,000m2 facility in Oradea, Romania will create 500 new jobs in the local area and strengthen its supply chains. he manufacturing facility has been designed with a focus on lean production and will use the latest technology to maximise the productivity, e ciency and sustainability of the plant in line with thil s climate and carbon footprint targets. Martin Schwarz, Stihl executive board member for manufacturing & materials, says attery-powered products represent the fastest-growing market for tihl at the present time. e expect demand for these products to continue rising faster than any other category in the years ahead. his means that our irol plant, which currently manufactures a large portion of our battery-powered range, will one day reach the limits of its space and capacities. he new location in omania will add to our global manufacturing network and keep us in the best possible position to continue supplying our customers with batteryoperated products in the future. Stihl has production plants in a total of seven countries ermany, witzerland, ustria, the nited tates, razil, hina, and the Philippines, with facilities opening soon in hina.


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Pro Arb | Autumn 2022

he organisers of this year s event have announced they have booked their th exhibitor and that they expect to hit over . he event will be held over three days on - 4 eptember at agley state, lcester, arwickshire. how secretary Ian Millward says is back with a bang and on course to be a record show with exhibitor bookings continuing to come in daily and very strong advance ticket sales. Some 25,000 visitors are expected to attend and some are trade professionals. he exhibition area is over two and a half miles

GOVERNMENT PLANS FOR HUGE WOODLAND EXPANSION PLAN he government has announced a ma or expansion of woodlands across ngland, with millions of trees to be planted and 44. million provided in funding for community forests and for woodland creation partners. A government statement said the investment would result in larger, welldesigned and more diverse woodlands that should be resilient to climate change and natural hazards, such as wildfires and storms. hey should also help reduce flood risk in vulnerable areas, provide sustainable timber and more places for nature.

in length around million worth of machinery and equipment will be on show. In addition, there are a range of attractions, including the orld metre pole climbing championships, the uropean chainsaw carving championships, he pen tree climbing championships and more. he seminar programme notably features leading figures in the industry speaking on topical issues of the day including plant health, pest and diseases, technology, safety training, marketing, wood fuel and wood processing. his will be the rd exhibition and this year it will be held ointly with the rboricultural ssociation. ind out more at

ngland s 1 community forests, including the umber and Mersey orests, a well as partners including the orthern orest, ational orest and reat orthumberland orest, are all set to benefit from the funding. s part of the government s 7 million ature for limate und, these pro ects will expand woodlands in both urban and rural areas. ltogether, around , hectares of trees will be planted through the 44. million funding allocation. his will play a key role in the government s plans to treble tree planting rates by the end of this arliament and reach net zero. It is expected that this planting will see approximately , tonnes of carbon dioxide absorbed by . he initiative is also expected to see more green obs created within the forestry and environmental sectors. ommunity forest plans contribute to the planning and regeneration strategies of the local authorities they work with and provide green infrastructure to support regional growth. hese plans are targeted to areas where woodland cover is lowest.


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COLLEGE LAUNCHES INTERACTIVE ARB LEARNING EXPERIENCE A team from Askham Bryan College in Yorkshire has developed an immersive learning resource to provide a ‘pre climb’ experience for students. Arboriculture student Tristan Cross, tutor Dan Burdus and Chris Wright from the college’s digital learning team collaborated on a 360-degree video project to create an interactive arborist learning experience. Tristan used a QooCam 8K 360 camera and a Zoom H3-VR Virtual Reality Audio Recorder, taking the camera into the tree top to capture a 360-visual experience from above.

Using audio, Dan provided verbal commentary on arboriculture processes that matched Tristan’s video. The content will

then go to edit using the college’s new £1 million Digital Skills Academy facility and the final cut can then be viewed and played on the college’s Virtual Reality headsets. This content will provide a pre-climb experience for students, creating immersive sub ect-specific scenarios. lthough authentic, it is safe enough to build confidence for budding learners. The Digital Learning Team will work with the teaching sta to add hotspots and touchpoints to create integrated resources for assessments. The college will use these VR experiences to help better prepare students for the next steps in learning and enhance their course curriculum through digital means. Iain Glendinning, vice principal of curriculum at Askham Bryan College says: “To use new tools that enhance this experience and allow for endless variations of learning environment scenarios, we are o ering completely transformed lessons with more diversified possibilities that further prepare them for industry.”

ARBORIST RUNS TO FUNDRAISE AFTER INJURY Daniel McLoughlin, an arborist from Preston, has raised nearly £1,000 by taking part in the Great Manchester Run half marathon in aid of the North West Air Ambulance, after the charity helped to save his life following a chainsaw accident in 2017. While climbing a sycamore and cutting branches, he had an accident with his top-handled chainsaw, when a branch kicked back and the chain hitting his sternum. Daniel says this was caused by “a combination of complacency, poor work positioning and over thinking.” After being initially treated with morphine, paramedics decided to call the air ambulance because of the severity of the injury. He was then flown 4 miles to lackpool ictoria


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Hospital. Fortunately, he recovered well, but was told if the chainsaw would have been inches higher, he would probably be dead. Because he was so thankful for the care and treatment provided by the air ambulance, Daniel is now hoping to raise £3,500 for the North West Air Ambulance charity and he says this is roughly the cost of his flight to hospital. “They operate three helicopters, flying days a year with doctors and paramedics on board, providing emergency medical treatment when time is crucial. They do this with no funding from the government or NHS and rely totally on the public to make a di erence.


Tree shelter company Tubex has announced expansion plans and is investing in stock, capacity, automation and sustainability to support further anticipated increases in demand during the coming year. ubex said it was benefiting on the back of rising levels of tree planting in the UK, which are both government backed and private initiatives. It is providing shelter to both nursery growers and community groups involved in tree planting. According to Harry Frew, managing director of Tubex customer Cheviot rees arbon o setting, the desire to demonstrate tangible sustainability, the excellent incentives for planting – not to mention the added awareness created by now seemingly regular storms – all make for a very busy planting sector.” The government is providing grants and incentives for those involved in woodland creation and James Taylor, Tubex’s marketing and product development director says: “We’re likely to see yet more demand in the coming years as people start to get their heads around applying for the new incentives. here was definitely a strain on stock this season, but we’ve adapted and are building our summer stock accordingly. At the same time, we are continuing to invest heavily in sustainable solutions to ensure we’re being environmentally responsible as well as to support customers’ sustainability requirements.

Pro Arb | Autumn 2022


09/08/2022 14:14

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and Arm Vibration Syndrome (HAVS) – also known as Vibration White Finger – occurs when there is damage to nerves, blood vessels and oints of the hand. he e ects can be life-changing and there is no cure, although the condition can be prevented. hose a ected find their fingers whiten when exposed to cold temperatures, they experience tingling and loss of sensation in touch and grip, as well as pain. What causes HAVS? HAVS is caused by overuse of vibrating hand-held tools, such as chainsaws and hedge cutters, often for long hours and in all weathers. Clearly, this is why arborists are a ected, although others at higher risk include grounds maintenance, carpenters, metal workers, fabricators and construction workers. A solution to tackle HAVS has been developed by Russ Langthorne, who runs Sixis Technology. Russ, who is from Nottinghamshire, started his career in coal mines as a craft apprentice, using a range of vibrating equipment, which was to store up problems for later in life. He then switched to the electronics and engineering sectors before setting up a business where he built on his interest in using technology to improve the reporting and prevention of work-related health conditions. uss himself su ers from HAVS and Dupuytren’s Contracture in both hands, and he experiences daily pain and the debilitating e ects these conditions cause. Dupuytren’s Contracture is a thickening of the subcutaneous tissue layers at the base of


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BODYGUARD the fingers, which causes permanent curling, while he points out arborists can also be a ected by arpal unnel yndrome, where pressure on a nerve in the wrist causes tingling, numbness and pain in the hand and fingers. He comments: “The arborist sector is often overlooked when it comes to the risk of excessive vibration. In extreme cases, the condition can lead to gangrene and eventual loss of fingers. If the condition is allowed to develop, it can result in a shortening of a tree worker’s career.

u erers tend to experience extremely painful hands in cold weather and lose sensation and feelings in their fingertips, making even simple tasks like fastening buttons or holding cutlery very di cult or even impossible. Sadly, once these symptoms present themselves, it tends to be too late to reverse them and the damage is done.” What are the risks to employers? If an employer fails to protect employees then they could face legal action. In 1999, the Government reached a compensation arrangement worth £500 million, following a High Court case brought by tens of thousands of miners a ected by .

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NEWS his was the first time recognition was given to the damage that unmonitored use of vibrating tools can do to an unprotected workforce. But, as Russ comments: ”Almost 23 years later, more than two million people are at risk from developing HAVS and 300,000 people su er from the condition in the alone, even though there is legislation in place that should, if applied diligently and e ectively, be able to reduce the occurrence to zero.” Employers are required by the HSE to lower risks to those that are “as low as reasonably practicable”. But, as Russ says, unless there are real-time live measurements from individual tools and monitoring is ongoing, then it is impossible for employers to know that their workers are not overexposed. “Vibration is a constantly changing variable, a ected by a multitude of things such as the way the tool is held; the consumables used (drill bits, grinding discs, etc); and the quality of the components such as chainsaw blades and even the moisture content of the wood being cut can a ect the levels of vibration. So, without the ability to measure and monitor actual vibration levels, the probability of overexposure is significant. He adds that employers’ attitudes to vibration risks can vary. “Some take the risk of HAVS seriously, while others won’t. But because the HSE states there is no need to continuously monitor, then it’s hard for companies to know what risks their employees have been exposed to.” Meanwhile, he points out that some employers attempt to keep paper records, but this is time-consuming and often inaccurate, because it is hard for operators to remember how long they have used a tool for or even which one. He says there may be complacency and explains: “Employers are often aware of the Vibration at Work Regulations 2005, and the associated fines that come with noncompliance. However, as is so often the case, while everything is going well, there is no imperative to install preventative measures that would protect both their workers from injury and their businesses from litigation. “Some employers rely on not being caught, a bit like a speeding motorist and also hope there is a lack of informed employee knowledge.”


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He adds awareness in the arborist sector can be lower than others, because so many firms are SMEs and there may be less awareness about regulations as well as cost restraints.

without the ability to measure and monitor actual vibration levels, the probability of overexposure is significant

How HAVSPRO works HAVSPRO is a solution that measures and monitors exposure to vibration. It uses sensor technology and is the first to employ monitors fixed to individual tools, rather than the wrist of the operator. The HAVSPRO system undertakes all data collection automatically, accurately and instantly. System users can also track deterioration in the tools and can see if an individual operator is accruing more HSE points than colleagues might notice. Each operator is allocated their own sensor, programmed to that individual and their specific exposure limits. he operator picks their tool, attaches their personalised sensor onto the holster and begins work. As the

operator accumulates vibration exposure, the vibration data is transmitted to a cloud-based reporting platform which provides an in-depth view of the activities relating to operator and their tools. he platform o ers a complete view of the exposure levels and activities of all users. Because the system measures vibration at source – on the tool – this gives real time vibration exposure that is accurate and not based on vibration ranges or tool manufacturers’ values. Measurement of vibration level is through a triaxial accelerometer housed in the personal sensor, mounted on the vibrating surface, and this calculates HSE points. “It gives companies a better understanding of their tools’ performance and tracks occupational health requirements. It also puts an end to the need to keep accurate manual records and to guesswork.” But, do some workers have doubts about being monitored? Russ responds: “It’s about their safety and while some may fear that it might limit or prevent them working, this is not the case. If they are currently working in an unsafe way, then this will be identified and the employer can arrange relevant training. They will then be able to work more e ciently. Russ adds that any worker who is experiencing regular pins and needles in their hands should seek medical advice urgently. “Continued tool use will only worsen the condition and there is no e ective treatment. If someone cannot use tools any longer, then they need to stop and if they are permanent sta , they cannot be dismissed for industrial injuries.” Russ concludes that in an ideal world, there would be ma or benefits if manufacturers were to incorporate HAVSPRO technology into their manufacturing processes. He comments: “This would be a step-change towards providing truly accurate measuring of vibration exposure universally, but it may still be some way o . So, for the time being, the onus is on employers to use the system and reap the benefits. hese will be found on many levels, including enhanced wellbeing for employees, legislative compliance for the business as well as clarity in regards to tool use, condition, and user ability. What is more, once all this is in place, there may well be a rise in output too. Learn more about HAVSPRO at:


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on Berry is an owner and director of Tyler Grange, a specialist company that has expertise in a wide range of services including surveys, TPO guidance, amenity valuation, expert witness work, tree planning advice and woodland management. The business is headquartered in Rencomb in the Cotswolds, and it also has a presence in Birmingham, Exeter, London, Manchester and ristol. ree care is o ered both standalone and as part of the consultancy’s other specialisms of landscape planning and ecology. on qualified as a chartered landscape architect, but found the tree-related aspects of his four year University of Gloucester course particularly enjoyable - he has been a professional member of the Arboricultural Association for over 15 years. Breaking away Early in his career, he began specialising in BS 5837 tree surveys within the private sector, largely in support of development proposals as part of the planning process. But, some 12 years ago, working at a large PLC, he decided there was scope to o er more personalised service and with a small number of colleagues, these founding directors started Tyler Grange. “We knew what we wanted – to enjoy work, to focus on delivering excellent client care and specialise in arboriculture, landscape and ecology. We also wanted to spend more time within our local communities, and from the outset, we encouraged the entire team to spend at least one day a month volunteering.

We knew what we wanted – to enjoy work, to focus on delivering excellent client care and specialise in arboriculture, landscape and ecology “We had also witnessed the close interplay of the arb, ecology and landscape disciplines and the benefits that an integrated approach could


Pro Arb | Autumn 2022

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Jon Berry give our clients. There was some re-education of our clients, but an improved approach to tree retention, maximising the creation of new ‘green infrastructure’ and a better understanding of how an environment-led approach could actually aid the award of planning consent – and improve relationships with local communities. As time went on, our multi-disciplinary approach gathered pace.” Tyler Grange has since gone from strength to strength. Jon says this is “down to our strong values, which are honesty, caring, opportunity, belonging and en oyment. hese have defined the way in which we work and against which we make every business decision.” He adds the philosophy is also about embracing change. “We have an internal team named Hive, which actively seeks out ways of

improving our products and processes, in other words better ways of doing things. That also means listening to our team, clients and other collaborators.” A collaborative approach Collaboration is important to Tyler Grange and Jon says where needed, the business will work with other professionals. Tyler Grange’s people are also passionate about environmental matters and seek to promote this where possible. “We have seen an increased awareness about the value of trees, whether than be in relation to biodiversity, visual amenity or the reduction in urban heat. e are definitely seeing more demand with regards to the identification, protection and management of veteran tree stock.”


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NEWS Jon adds that the revised National Planning Policy Framework puts much greater emphasis on the retention and incorporation of tree planting within our streetscapes. “Whilst beneficial, it has continued to highlight the complexities of designing schemes that meet these policy requirements as well as the restrictions often enforced by highways department standards.” Arboricultural consultancy is a technically demanding field, but there is some crossover with the arborist world. As Jon explains: “The only physical work undertaken by Tyler Grange is tree climbing for inspection purposes. Both our arboricultural and ecological teams have trained and certified climbers capable of identifying bat roost features. We’d always recommend approved contractors for other felling and management services – they are experts in what they do and it helps to illustrate how broad the arboricultural profession is and why a good mix of consultants and contractors is required across the UK.”

ecologists and landscape architects have obtained additional qualifications and training to expand our workforce. This also helps us to combine survey visits and reduce unnecessary travel In terms of building in-house resource, on agreed that this can be challenging and he comments: “There’s no hiding the fact that there is a shortage of consultant arborists in the UK. We’re permanently recruiting but understand that a large proportion of graduates are keen to experience the more hands-on contracting side of the industry, rather than desk-based consultancy. “We’ve tackled this by encouraging our consultant team to become dual qualified, whereby ecologists and landscape architects have obtained additional qualifications and


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Members of the Tyler Grange team training to expand our workforce. This also helps us to combine survey visits and reduce unnecessary travel. We also have a subconsultant network that we refer to as ‘TG Partners’. That enables us to work with a wider network of sole practitioners and small businesses when our workload peaks.” Meanwhile, employee wellbeing matters enormously at Tyler Grange. One initiative is provided by the company’s ‘resilience consultant , evin eck, who is also a commercial airline pilot. As Jon says: “Burnout is a serious issue and Kevin helped us realise why fatigue is dangerous, how it can be measured and worked with us to launch an app to help combat, identify and prevent fatigue within our team.” He adds: “The app has been developed to quantify factors that can lead to fatigue and increase individuals awareness, to help them make good decisions regarding fatigue. If we know when we are most likely to be at risk, we can take appropriate action.” Four-day experiment ecently, yler range has signed up to the UK pilot for a four-day working week - this means working a day less a week for no loss of pay. o, how will this work e says di erent approaches are currently being looked at: “It may mean that the entire business continues to take ridays as a non-working day, or it is split, with some of the team taking Monday s.

In truth, we need to listen to our clients and decide how best to work. ut, already I think we already have a healthier, more productive and happy business. We’re going to be documenting the experience via our managing director, imon rsell, on a blog, where he ll talk honestly about the good and bad aspects.” Tyler Grange is also planning to become a - orp, which involves independent assessment over an extended period – around eight months and on this being verified, the business is recognised for its high standards of social and environmental performance, transparency and accountability. Jon says: “B-Corp was always a dream for us, as it is a true test of our commitment to people and planet. It has been the result of lots of hard work and the full review of our internal systems and the way we operate.” In terms of training, there is an exciting move ahead as Tyler Grange will be launching an Academy in 2023. “This will be a community for our employees and other external people within the industry to attend in-person and virtual , including scope for apprentices, he explains. If this was not enough, he adds the company is also seeking out opportunities for its own tree planting initiative with a charity partner, which will be to o -set the carbon in the production of its Tyler Grange beer – called Phoenix – and which is produced in conjunction with Birmingham-based brewery Burning Soul. or this consultancy with a di erence, these are exciting times indeed.

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ed and eedle light , also known as othistroma eedle light, is a serious disease of pines. It is caused by the fungus Mycosphaerella pini. Dothistroma septosporum is the asexual stage of the fungus, which is commonly found on diseased needles. has been reported from over countries infecting over di erent species of pine and several other non-pine species. In the for example it has been found on orsican P. nigra , lodgepole pine P. contorta , cots pine P. sylvestris , onderosa pine P. ponderosa and Monterey pine P. radiata . infects needles of all ages, causing a reduction in photosynthetic capacity and premature defoliation resulting in a reduction of timber yield and, in severe cases, mortality see the image below.

infection of ustrian pine


Pro Arb | Autumn 2022

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What are the symptoms? ymptoms of the disease first appear as light green lesions on needles. hese lesions eventually turn tan to reddish brown as the disease develops. It is within these red bands that the small, black, spore-containing fruiting bodies tend to be found with symptoms most apparent in une and uly. distinct transition line forms between the necrotic lesion and healthy green tissue see the image above. he needle tips may die back while the bases remain green in severe cases and premature needle drop occurs, leading to gradual thinning of the canopy. he symptoms are most severe in portions of the canopy located within two to four metres from the ground. he infected needles on the tree and the fallen needles on the ground serve as sources of inoculum. Impact of wet weather he disease is favoured by wet weather since spores see image to the right are dispersed via splashing or wind-driven rain. nder these conditions, the spores landing on the new needles germinate and penetrate the tissue through stomata in only a few days. he fruiting bodies will eventually erupt through the needle surface and liberate spores during periods of wet weather to continue the infection cycle. Infection of first year needles occurs in midsummer, while second year and older needles may become infected anytime from spring through autumn. oung developing needles are less susceptible to infection and is more prevalent on dense plantings where there is poor air circulation and shading of the pine canopy.


How can the blight be managed? esearch in the nited tates has shown suppression of can be achieved by the use of well-timed fungicide treatments. he first treatment should be made at budbreak to protect old growth from new infections. he second treatment applied in mid- une will protect recently matured new growth, while a third treatment may be necessary later in summer during wet years with heavy disease pressure.

& DISEASE watch

spores from infected pine needles allen, diseased needles should be removed from beneath the tree canopy to reduce the amount of inoculum available to cause infection. roper spacing at time of planting to allow trees adequate space at maturity will help facilitate air and sunlight penetration to the lower canopy and help reduce infections. In addition, cultural practices including mulching, irrigation during droughts, and fertilisation based on soil analysis will also aid recovery of trees a ected by . Dr Glynn Percival is a plant physiologist/ technical support specialist at Bartlett Tree Research Laboratory.


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Isuzu 3.5T Euro 6 Isuzu trucks are robust and adaptable enough to suit any number of different applications. The 3.5T Grafter chassis cab is available with either single or twin rear wheels. The standard ‘Driveaway’ vehicle body options include Dropside, Tipper and Utilitruck. Advert template.indd 6

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und y e d tri he conference includes a unday field trip, taking the theme of the ‘Thinking Arbs’ Day’ and led by Ted Green MBE, founder member of the Ancient Tree Forum. Participants will visit Calke Abbey National Trust Estate, which has over 600 acres of historic parkland. The ancient wood pasture and historic avenues are home to over 650 veteran trees, 350 of which are considered ancient – a famous resident is the English oak, the ‘Old Man of Calke’ which is an estimated 1,200 years old. orksho sessions The workshop sessions are new for the event and are led by the conference speakers. The sessions take place in the afternoons, with topics including: roducing a tree strategy ree ecology reen equity International perspectives on tree protection ree morphology ree planting targets Find out more:


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he Arboricultural Association’s 55th National Amenity Conference takes place over four days on the 4-7 September at Loughborough University in Leicestershire. This is a new venue for the event which has now returned to being held in person after two years. Delegates will enjoy varied content, which is split between lectures and workshops.

ntern tion s e kers nd their resent tions What is a Tree? features a range of speakers from around the world and these include: tef ni s erini rom Italy, tefania asperini is a specialist in urban forestry, parks and green areas. She will speak on ‘Veteran trees: from technical to ethical arboriculture’ and look at how man’s relationship with nature has changed over several thousand years. Once there was more direct dependence on nature, to the animal and plant worlds then being considered inferior . In recent years in Italy, however, there are attempts to restore a more equal relationship between trees and humans.

r n h wed Dr Nanamhla Gwedla, a post-doctoral researcher from South Africa, will cover the legacy of colonial and apartheid eras on the distribution, composition and representation of street trees in South Africa. There remain social, economic and racial contrasts and inequities and also di ering views towards street trees, including some who feel apathy or antagonism.

r ohn thri ht Professor, author and pioneering tree climber Dr John Gathright hails from the UK and will talk on discovering the true value of trees, which he sees as symbolising hope, freedom and courage. In his work, he has focused on partnering with trees to build healthier communities and on purposespecific tree climbing programmes that benefit trees and society.

problematic, the role of arborists is to calm the waters and Roberts says he will share what he has learnt on the topic from over 30 years’ experience.

rk o erts Mark Roberts, a consultant arborist from New Zealand, will speak on ‘Outrage management: the art of de-catastrophising’. He will explain that although trees may be dangerous and



r ncesco errini Francesco, a professor from the University of lorence in Italy, will speak on how trees respond to environmental stress, referring to how the urban tree environment constrains tree growth and survival, which reduces their net benefit. e says this is why it is important to understand the dynamics leading to tree decline and to develop strategies and techniques aimed at improving their tolerance to stress. hi e isscher Tahia, a researcher from the Stockholm nvironment Institute, is from anada and will talk on urban forests in Latin America, which

i ut er Jill is a chartered arboriculturist and trustee of the ree egister of the ritish Isles and her address is based around trees as historical documents. She believes that in their maturity they are so etched with experience that they become recognisable as individuals and then yet another kind of grain begins to develop – the accumulating layers of myth and a ection that gathers round ancient trees.

face several challenges, including inequity in distribution and access and increased exposure to climate extremes. o ert orthro Robert Northrop, a urban and community extension forester with the University of Florida, brings his ‘What is a tree? A tale of three cities’ talk. He says there is much to be learned from designing and initiating urban forest management programmes and that those in disenfranchised neighbourhoods should gain representation and that focus groups ensured three US cities were better able to manage their urban trees, parks and woodlands.


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© 2021 - Petzl - Matt Pycroft / Coldhouse COllective © 2021 - Petzl - Matt Pycroft /

PETZL TREECARE SOLUTIONS Being effective in your daily work as an arborist means mastering advanced techniques and having the best equipment to efficiently move around and position yourself in the trees. Here's Waldo Etherington in his element at Stourhead Arboretum in Wiltshire.


Being effective in your daily work as an arborist means mastering advanced techniques and having the best equipment to efficiently move around and position yourself in the trees. Here's Waldo Etherington in his element at Stourhead Arboretum in Wiltshire.

Tree care solution includes a ZIGZAG PLUS mechanical Prusik, a CHICANE auxiliary braking device and a 11.6 mm FLOW low stretch kernmantel rope.

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ld and veteran trees are extremely valuable and we cannot plant them or replace them in our own lifetimes. These trees also have a strong presence in the places where they grow, making those places special, of historic interest and di erent from anywhere else. The management of older trees is a massive sub ect, but let s start with basic definitions Mature tree Usually this is a tree that has completed a previous period of rapid growth and now reached a height and girth that will only change slowly. We often gauge tree age by size, assuming only a large one for its species is mature, but there are exceptions. We do not apply a rule that when a tree is sexually mature that it is mature, as this varies by species. For example, a silver birch can be as little as three years from germination before young birch trees start producing seeds themselves, although they are not yet two metres tall. Veteran tree This has gone through stages of damage and decay, resulting in a structure that is unique and typically of higher ecological value. Veteran features include stormdamaged branches, large diameter deadwood, decayed sections, branch and stem cavities, splits and previous partial collapse. efinitions of what is a veteran tree are somewhat subjective. There is a general expectation it will have a very large stem girth, but that is not at all necessary for a tree to fulfil the criteria of some definitions an older tree that has gone through substantial physical trauma.


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he term veteran is appropriate - when we consider a human war veteran, we appreciate the traumatic situations they will have gone through. The altered structures of veteran trees come about from both decay and disaster, the trees having to stand and put up with whatever comes.

Old and veteran trees are extremely valuable and we cannot plant them or replace them in our own lifetimes Some may also refer to a category that lies between mature and veteran termed over mature’. However, for amenity trees, this is unacceptable, in my professional opinion, as the term implies the tree is too old and should not be kept. n amenity tree cannot be too old it s structure may deteriorate so we have to take remedial action or remove it, but it’s daft to have a too old tree category lying between mature and veteran . Our industry’s documents, guidelines and standards should be changed to prevent this derogatory, ageist term. Age should not be associated with a lower value it should be quite the opposite for trees, as for fine wines and cheeses greater age should engender greater respect. Such trees often require greater care in their management, as their growth rates are low and they have got accustomed in science acclimated to the site in which they are growing.

Routes to becoming a veteran Decay is an integral part of a tree’s life cycle, occurring to all temperate and tropical trees. If the tree is mostly undamaged, such decay will normally start in the root plate and stem centre, as older roots decline and die right underneath the trunk. If the decay’s process is slow and the tree relatively healthy, the stem will often produce a bulge around the decaying region of its lower stem. This decay-andbulge process can result in hollow trees in oak and sweet chestnut of large girth, of which England holds the greatest number of any country in Europe. The image shows such a veteran oak tree, in parkland at Ripley Castle, Yorkshire. Cattle damage to the base of the tree and its roots, through trampling, poaching and compaction will have had a role to play in the current form of this tree. If cattle density is too high, parkland trees can be killed relatively quickly.

torms can rip limbs o trees, leaving gaps in their canopy and wounds that may lead to internal decay and cavities. Many of our native tree species are, unsurprisingly, resilient to damage and often cope with limb loss, and, exhibiting their wounds, continue. mature oak in parkland has su ered a limb failure and then re-sprouted extensively around this wound, filling in the gap in its crown. The associated wound will cause some decay in that part of the tree, but was Oak with stormdamaged limbs

Twelve years later...


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not fatal. There are methods to manage high value amenity trees that start to break down due to damage and decay. My third example is the famous ‘Allerton Oak’, in Calderstones Park, Liverpool. Protected from the public by iron railings, it has multiple metal props, ensuring it does not fall apart. My time-lapse over 11 years represents only about 1% of this tree’s lifespan so far – very humbling. This tree is highly respected by locals and won England’s ‘Tree of The Year’ award in 2019.

The hollowing Allerton Oak in Liverpool

Eleven years later

Some of my favourite trees have slumped over onto the ground, essentially having a long rest. What results is a reclined stem and many limbs heading up vertically along the tree. They get to be called ‘harp trees’, due to the upright new limbs looking like the strings of a harp, particularly when aligned along a straight trunk that has fallen. This harp tree beech at Arnside Knott is local to me. Although a relatively ‘young’ mature tree, it has potential to make a very

special one. It has already rooted in multiple places and produced over 20 stems, creating a low dome on this steep coastal hill. Fallen living trees should be respected, if there is scope to retain them – often in parks and woodlands – and can persist for centuries in this prone position.


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Four years later...

Veteran ash tree in local village

Threats to older trees Climate change is an existential threat to nearly all forms of life on Earth. Indeed, mature and veteran trees will often prove more vulnerable to the changing climate, despite having lived a long time, because of more limited ability to respond to such changes. Climate change also increases the likelihood of attacks by some of our extant pests and diseases, such as Cryptostroma or Phytophthora and new ones that can come in through global trade, particularly in the ‘dunnage’ – wood packaging – of overseas consignments. Other pests and pathogens outbreak somewhere else in Europe, spreading to our shores a few years later. Our ash trees, in particular, are currently being damaged by dieback disease, the causal agent being Hymenoscyphus fraxineus and are threatened by emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis, which is travelling west from eastern Europe, and likely to reach us in the foreseeable future. This ‘double-whammy’ will prove devastating to our ash, having personally seen how much death and destruction Emerald Ash Borer has wrought in the northern United States and Canada. Veteran ash pollards in Cumbria are already declining in number because of ash dieback. Near me, there is a large-girth ash pollard in a local village – presumably an old hedgerow tree that was integrated into the street scene. It will be quite a loss to see this go – but that seems inevitable because of these species-specific threats.

Another major cause of tree loss is human activity. Deliberate damage, removal and vandalism is not that common, but death and decline is often caused by ignorant actions, neglect or site changes. Perhaps because older trees are so numerous in England, they often get treated poorly, as if a low value commodity. This mature alder (Alnus glutinosa) has been used as a fence post by a local farmer, the nails hammered into the decayed trunk will not help with the tree’s longevity, nor will allowing livestock to step on the tree’s root plate.

March 2008

June 2018

We only get to ‘inherit’ the trees that were planted or self-seeded centuries before. England has a fantastic inheritance – but the ingress of pests and diseases, the vicissitudes of climate change and how we treat such trees means this population may diminish if we do not give them due care, attention and respect. Dr Duncan Slater is a senior lecturer in arboriculture at Myerscough College, Lancashire. He is also a co-ordinator of Arbor Day UK (#ArborDayUK) – an action group that seeks to put new trees and woodlands back into the landscape.

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ext year, Trees for Cities will be celebrating its 30th birthday. Since its formation in 1993, nearly 1.3 million trees have been planted, with over 140,000 volunteers involved in the work. Trees for Cities focuses on bringing local communities together to connect and learn about trees and work together on planting projects. It looks to increase the tree stock in more deprived areas where possible, both in inner cities and built-up regions which may be more neglected, such as some of the UK’s coastal towns. Chief executive, David Elliott, says: “With record-breaking temperatures across the UK and the increased likelihood of further heatwaves to come, Trees for Cities is acting now to empower local urban communities to take direct local action for today’s and future generations.

“Now more than ever, we understand the vital importance of connecting with nature and transforming urban spaces to bring the many benefits that urban trees provide to our towns and cities, such as planting shade, cleaning the air, providing wildlife habitat and looking after our mental and physical health. We believe urban trees are for everyone, so get involved today and help make our towns and cities healthier, happier places for us all.” The rise of urban heat islands Cities are challenging environments, particularly during the summer months and climate change is making matters even harder.


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TO WATER It takes around two years for roots to spread and grow deep enough for the tree to be able to sustain itself. This means there is a need to plant trees strategically across urban areas. Recently, the UK experienced heat over 40ºC and it is expected that more towns and cities will become ‘urban heat islands’. These refer to regions that are much hotter than the surrounding countryside, especially at night and high levels of concrete, pavements and buildings absorb and retain heat. Trees for Cities is promoting the fact that trees are a great way of reducing the e ects of urban heat islands. hey absorb water and then release it as water vapour through their leaves - a process known as evapotranspiration, which produces a cooling e ect. rees also supply shade for the ground and buildings and mean less energy usage properly planted trees around buildings can reduce air conditioning needs by 30%. Watering is essential Newly-planted urban trees must be watered regularly and this is necessary from day one of planting, as when supplied from nurseries with the roots confined in small pots, moisture is needed for successful establishment. Whether as part of general guidance, or in the event of a tree being removed, many arborists are providing planting services and assistance and when it comes to watering, Trees for Cities recommends the following instructions:

rban trees need around five watering cans a week to grow healthily and would benefit from more during the hottest temperatures. ater at night or early in the morning as this minimises evaporation and lets the roots take in the optimal amount of water. If possible, add some fertiliser to the water – such as liquid seaweed – to provide a boost of nutrients. Ideally, add mulch around the base of the tree is none exists, which will help retain moisture and minimise weed growth. our down an irrigation pipe if there is one. If not, pour water slowly round the base near the trunk allowing this to fully soak before pouring more, Water should permeate keeply through the soil to the root system. s a guide, trees aged -to-1 year should be watered once every fortnight. Those aged 1-to-2 years old should be watered once every three weeks and 2-to-3 year old trees once a month. Extra watering during summer will help newly planted trees thrive. Find out more at


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Building a future for historic trees

n innovative tree protection system at Edinburgh’s Royal Botanic Garden is showing how the latest in construction technology can protect a world-renowned living collection of plants. The multimillion pound Edinburgh Biomes development is currently underway at the Inverleith site. It is a major project to ensure the survival of up to 4,000 species that are housed in the public and research glasshouses. The project will deliver world-class facilities for academic research, including into plant pests and pathogens.The project will also include

Edinburgh Biomes is the Garden’s response to the twin challenges of the biodiversity crisis and the climate emergency a new energy centre to reduce the garden’s carbon emissions and a new health hub to provide a bio-secure propagation environment. The tree collection, known as the arboretum, comprises over 3,500 trees from more than 730 species and 56 botanical families. Around

INNOVATIVE CONSTRUCTION TECHNOLOGY IS BEING EMPLOYED TO SAFEGUARD THE SPECTACULAR TREES AT THE ROYAL BOTANIC GARDEN IN EDINBURGH two-thirds are of known wild origin and they constitute a research collection, an educational resource and a quality urban green space. There were 12 trees that were at greatest risk of damage from the development project. Key species in close proximity to the Edinburgh Biomes construction site are the magnificent cedar Cedrus deodara), the popular monkey puzzle Araucaria araucana) and long-lived gingko trees Ginkgo biloba). A major project Edinburgh Biomes is the garden’s response to the twin challenges of the biodiversity crisis and the climate emergency. The work will involve extensive refurbishment of the glasshouses, including the Grade A listed Victorian Palm Houses, the modernist 1960s Front Range and the construction of a new glasshouse, all of which will enhance the

Aerial view of tree protection, with monkey puzzle trees in foreground


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visitor experience. The development will take place in stages over the next seven years, largely in the central area of the 70-acre site. A team of experts has been involved in the bespoke project, including the garden’s in-house arboriculture specialists, environmental consultants Ironside Farrar and construction company Balfour Beatty and they worked closely with urban environment specialists Green Grid Systems, which supplied the protection equipment.


ill inchli e at a root bridge

ccording to ill inchli e, the garden s arboriculture supervisor: “Trees provide enormous value to society, particularly in urban landscapes where they help people to connect with nature. However, they are also very vulnerable. A tree which takes decades or even hundreds of years to reach maturity, can su er irreversible damage in just a few minutes. “As curators of trees which are often endangered in the wild, our priority is to protect and retain mature trees that grow within close proximity to the development site. In turn, the survival of prominent features will help to embed the site into the natural environment, adding to the sense of an established landscape when the project is complete.”


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Aerial view of tree protection

New path using geotextile cells


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Protecting root systems These include an ingenious root bridge of steel piles and beams submerged into the haul road surface. This is designed to protect vulnerable root systems and a void beneath the raft-style grid allows space for future root growth without a ecting the final paved surface. It will also disperse the weight of heavy construction vehicles, helping to avoid damage to the roots through compaction or contamination of the soil. o minimise the risk of flooding, new paths have been created using porous geotextile cells instead of the traditional covering of tarmac. The honeycomb structure of the cells helps to attenuate surface water, ensuring a more sustainable drainage system. Further, above the ground, immovable protective barriers have been secured around the rarest of trees. The project has already attracted visits from tree specialists from across the UK. It will not only ensure the safeguarding of trees at the garden, but also bring fresh knowledge and create a benchmark for best practice across the public and private sectors. he final aim is to deliver a pro ect that will serve as the gold standard in tree protection management, facilitate a major construction development and showcase a Living Collection that is functional, impressive and a calm place for all to enjoy.

Close-up of root bridge

What is the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh? The garden is a leading international research organisation delivering knowledge, education, and plant conservation action around the world. In Scotland, its four gardens are at Edinburgh, Benmore, Dawyck and Logan and they attract more than a million visitors each year. It operates as a Non Departmental Public Body established under the National Heritage (Scotland) Act 1985, principally funded by the Scottish Government. It is also a registered charity, managed by a Board of Trustees appointed by Ministers. Its mission is “To explore, conserve and explain the world of plants for a better future”, and with more than 40% of plant species being under threat, the garden’s mission is more important than ever.

All photographs ©Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh

Gillian Smith, technical director at Ironside Farrar added: “The world-leading Royal Botanic Garden in Edinburgh has specific site conditions which first required careful consideration. Working closely with manufacturer Green Grid Systems, the team has adapted the existing systems to suit the garden s requirements and delivered a solution that will secure the best long-term outcome for invaluable specimen trees.” he work has taken five years to plan and the teams incorporated techniques they learned from previous construction projects at the garden and introduced new technologies.

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meet the





hainsaws, wood chippers, stump grinders and blowers are among the noisy but essential items of kit that arborists use day in and day out. However, repetitive use can lead to hearing loss and also conditions such as tinnitus,

When noise is above 80 decibels, this is when damage can be dealt and hearing protection is essential which is caused by nerve damage to the ear. Once such problems occur, there is rarely e ective treatment. This is why protection is so vital and should be seen as important as any other items of PPE, such as a helmet or chainsaw trousers. Meanwhile, employers also have a duty to reduce the risk of damage to their employees’ hearing. Broadly, if the noise levels are below 80 decibels then protection is not required. When noise is above 80 decibels, this is when damage can be dealt and

26 Pro Arb | Autumn 2022

Meet the supplier.indd 26

ISOtunes Air Defenders hearing protection is essential. Many items of kit used by arborists are above 80 decibels – chainsaws, for example, typically operate at around 110 decibels – and this is why companies must ensure that sta use hearing protection when they are working. ta members who are not operating machinery but are working in the vicinity should also wear protection. There are a range of options available and while the protection may not eliminate noise, it should reduce it to a safe level, namely below 80 decibels. ISOtunes is a range of state-of-the-art hearing protection which was launched in

2016 by Haven Technologies. This is a family business based in Indiana in the US, and which also has an o ce in ondon. he company’s aim is to use leading technologies and combine this with the highest standards of customer service. The brand has won a number of awards for its lightweight and innovative designs and these include the following core products: ISOtunes Air Defender These are comfortable and easy to use luetooth ear defenders, which o er a simple solution for any loud environment, such as when working with power tools and equipment, although are more aimed at the DIY sector rather than professional users. They are over 20% lighter than other ISOtunes ear defenders and provide 40 hours of listening and talk time without any discomfort. They are also available for a cost e ective of 74. .


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ISOtunes Link 2.0 While highly suited to These are the company’s the arborist sector, other best-selling Bluetooth ear users work in areas such defender, which have now as wood work, lawn benefited from an upgrade. care, agriculture and they They feature a padded are also used by those headband cushion, up to who shoot. 50 hours of battery life and The products contain a boom microphone, which certified noise is available to buy separately, isolating technology – for clear calls. ingle umber ating It is particularly suited to is the system used for professionals who work with the International power tools and equipment and Organization for heavy machinery, given the raised Standardization ISO potential risk of hearing damage. 4 certification, I tunes ink . The highest level of over-ear noise meaning independent isolation, durability and microphone background laboratories have thoroughly tested the noise reduction is provided – however, users are earplugs for e ectiveness. still able to communicate clearly if needed when The Aware Technology products in the in noisy work environments. he is . . range are best suited in environments that are not consistently loud. If the environmental ISOtunes Free Aware noise is above 7 decibels, then the ware These are waterproof and cord-free volume will shut o to protect the wearer s Bluetooth earplugs, featuring a versatile hearing. hen ware echnology is o , the design. hey benefit from level-dependent products will block noise passively similarly Aware Technology, a trademarked innovation to a standard hearing protection. that protects the wearer from dangerous Meanwhile, the ISOtunes TSC (Tactical noises, while allowing the wearer to Sound Control) products have a built-in communicate with colleagues and hear what microphone that contains noise suppression is going on safely. his means warning signals and echo cancellation technologies that can be picked up if necessary while certified block steady-state noises like mowers, protection is in place. he is 1 . . blowers, fans, vacuums, tractors, motors, engines, so that the wearer can increase Discover the ISOtunes brand ISOtunes is a leading global provider of hearing protection that provides high quality products that enhance safety, increase productivity, and promote connectivity in stylish and lightweight designs. t its core, I tunes is about innovation. his is the first time this combination of technologies has been integrated into hearing protection products,” said Eric Murphy, cofounder of I tunes. ur hearing protection solutions must continue to exceed expectations when it comes to keeping users protected and connected. The company has now expanded into Europe, with exceptional growth occurring in the UK, ermany and candinavia.


Meet the supplier.indd 27

productivity by taking calls in particularly loud environments. ISOtunes developed its signature SafeMax technology which ensures products remain protective and will not damage the wearer’s

At its core, ISOtunes is about innovation. This is the first time this combination of technologies has been integrated into hearing protection products hearing, even when used at maximum volume for the full battery life duration. hat is why all of the earplug headphones limit the volume output to 7 decibels. I tunes also o ers a range of products with the safety standard. he standard for hearing protection shows that the product will protect the user adequately against noise. roducts are o ered from a range of suppliers and via the website, come with free delivery. ll are provided with a year s warranty customer service is based in the . To find out more, visit

ISOtunes Free Aware

Pro Arb | Autumn 2022 27

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GO has launched the CS1614e, a 40cm chainsaw, which includes a 5Ah battery and rapid charger. It is suited to smaller jobs and may be an ideal model if used to acclimatise less experienced and novice sta to working with cordless and who need a lighter and well-balanced option. This 56v brushless motor chainsaw has a quick and simple cutting action, o ering improved ergonomics, high torque and chain speed. Users can easily cut mediumsized logs up to 40cm in width and there is none of the noise and vibration that exists with petrol variants. It is also lightweight at only 4.1kg without the battery. The 5.0Ah battery, which is provided in the kit, will allow the operator to make up to 300 cuts on a single charge, while to fully recharge takes 40 minutes. ther benefits include automatic chain lubrication with a 150ml oil reservoir, which means there is no need to make adjustments and to increase safety, the oil filler cap can be opened and closed without the need for tools. The oil reservoir



28 Pro Arb | Autumn 2022

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is 150ml and is simple to monitor, showing how much oil is left in the tank by looking through the opaque oil inspection window. The chain tensioner has also been improved and streamlined to make flush felling cuts possible, while automatic chain tensioning maintains the correct tension during use for easy set-up. It has bumper spikes to keep the tool moving in the right direction and a 20 m/s chain

the chainsaw can deliver petrolmatching power, long run times, and fast and clean cutting from a single charge speed. In the event of kickback, the brake will bring the chain to a rapid halt and so minimising risk of injury. Users should always be sure to engage the chain brake so they can work in safe conditions. Vince Brauns, group product manager at EGO said: “Equipped with any of our 56V ARC

lithium batteries, the chainsaw can deliver petrolmatching power, long run times, and fast and clean cutting from a single charge. “We not only revolutionised battery equipment to provide reduced vibration, reduced noise pollution and emission-free gardening, we also want to provide the best possible user experience.” When work has been completed, the battery should be removed to ensure the trigger is not accidentally pressed and the chain started. If required, a durable chainsaw bag is available to buy separately. The chainsaw comes with an extended warranty of up to five years when registered within 30 days of purchase. The CS1614e has an RRP of £449 and this represents a saving of £93.99 as it is purchased as a combined kit – if sold individually, the tool, battery and charger would cost £542.99. It is available from EGO’s approved dealer network, which includes online retailers. Find out more at


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New vehicles complete with bodywork for the arb industry. Nationwide delivery.


020 8539 0611 |

Vermeer BC200 The Vermeer BC200 is the first Vermeer chipper made in Europe. Powered by a 57 hp petrol Kubota engine, it’s built for arborists that need a powerful and reliable 8” chipper. It is designed and made on the continent, with the emphasis on weight, fuel saving, ease of use and quiet operation. It is lighter through design, while being fitted to a robust chassis for durability on UK roads. The SMARTFEED Anti-Stress System keeps the BC200 chipping smoothly and the Eco-ldle engine control system boosts fuel efficiency while reducing jobsite noise. Twin offset infeed rollers easily drag material to the oversized solid disc four blade cutting system. The BC200 comes with a standard three-year warranty, made up of one year parts and labour and a further two years parts only.

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Contact Vermeer now to book a demonstration: T: 01933 274400 E: Out of hours mobile/WhatsApp or text: 07879600050 Or visit our website:

09/08/2022 11:28 01926 484673

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ark Earles, business development manager – OPE, at Makita says: “These latest additions are testament to our continued focus on providing professionals with equipment that improves productivity and e ciency. e are proud to extend our powerful 4 Max portfolio to o er the power comparable to petrol alternatives with zero emissions. The new launches are as follows: Telescopic pole saw – UA004 XGT 40VMax (300mm) This features a telescopic, tool-less shaft design, which allows users to seamlessly ad ust the pole length from . m up to . m. his provides optimum reach and e ciency. ith 1. k of max output power comparable to a cc petrol pole saw, the brushless motor can deliver chain speeds of m s for fast and smooth cutting. he integrated branch hook at the bottom of the saw chain enables users to easily and quickly remove cut branches. ther features such as its variable speed control – with active feedback sensing technology lock-o function and anti-fall captive nuts, ensure that users can enjoy this tool’s power and high e ciency, without compromising on safety.

UA004 Telescopic Pole Saw


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UC002 Top-Handle Chainsaw Top-Handle Chainsaws – UC002, UC003, UC006 XGT 40VMax (250/300mm) These top-handle chainsaws deliver an impressive 1.4k of max output with a brushless motor, with UC002 comparable power to a cc -stroke chainsaw. ecause of Makita s innovative 4 Max technology, professionals can rely on these machines for longer runtimes and e cient working. hey weigh 4. kg without batteries and these cordless chainsaws all feature a large oil reservoir with an adjustable chain oiling mechanism, and anti-fall captive bar nuts to minimise loss when ad usting chain tension. Designed with user safety in mind, these chainsaws feature a metal spike bumper to firmly grip the workpiece, a variable speed control trigger, a kickback brake and an autopower o function that automatically turns o the chainsaw after one minute of inactivity. The lanyard hook is an invaluable feature, enabling professionals to ‘clip, climb and cut’ with ease.

Rear-Handle Chainsaws – UC011, UC014, UC015, UC016 XGT 40VMax (300/350/400mm) These are aimed at tackling any application on the ground and o er bar lengths of , or 4 mm. hese also benefit from Makita s 4 Max i-Ion battery power, generating a max output of 1. k , which is 4 higher compared to the original model. he power provides chain speeds up to . m s, providing fast and e ective cutting and so suited to work on thicker branches. hey feature a tool-less change and tension adjustment of the saw chain, as well as an adjustable automatic chain lubrication. s cordless machines, they are well suited to those needing to work on a range of di erent applications with both speed and e ciency. he ergonomic soft grip and metal spike bumper also ensures optimal handling and leverage.

11 ear- andle hainsaw For more information visit:

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wning a M can provide an arborist with a considerable business advantage. hen starting out, many will choose to hire, but as their work expands, it may well be worth buying your own.

. . hese o er a maximum outreach of . metres, an up and over height of 7 metres and are powered by a 4 ubota diesel engine. eatures include width and height ad ustable tracks, a 1. metre ib and automatic outrigger and boom stowing functions. It s no secret that many arborist firms are performing exceptionally well and haun explains that investing in high quality equipment can be a key di erentiator. here are many

when one arborist decides to buy a MEWP, their rivals sit up and take notice haun ay owns romax ccess, which supplies new and second-hand models, but he says new is currently winning out over used. e do stock second-hand, but generally you will have more choice if you choose new and there will also be benefits if you choose to buy using finance for new, terms are for five to seven years, whereas used, it will be over three years. romax ccess specialises in spider lifts, which are tracked access platforms o ering a great deal of flexibility. hey are fitted with either an articulated or telescopic boom lift and mounted to tracks. utriggers supply stability and disperse weight they are also suitable when working in tight spaces, such as in urban areas. articularly popular with arborists, is the 1 metre platform basket pider ife

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obs where climbing is either not possible or far too dangerous, and there were many recent examples after the recent storms. his is why a M allows arborists to work safely at height. e adds that owning a M allows the arborist to hire it out for additional income, although plenty find that their own use is very frequent. Meanwhile, haun adds It s been interesting to note that when one arborist decides to buy a M , their rivals sit up and take notice on a number of occasions we ve sold one, only to find we sell another to a business that is less than 1 miles away. romax ccess is also now o ering hybrid M s and haun says these are proving increasingly popular with arborists. lectric charging has clear environmental benefits and

can also be of assistance to those looking to win contracts with large organisations and local authorities. uying a M is always going to be a ma or investment. owever, as haun points out, there is currently a significant incentive through the government super deduction scheme. his lasts until 1 March and means a business investing in qualifying new plant and machinery assets will benefit from a1 first-year capital allowance. nown as a super-deduction , it allows companies to cut their tax bill by up to p for every 1 they invest. o qualify, the business needs to be registered for orporation ax and the plant and machinery needs to be kept permanently for the use. M would typically be suitable to take advantage of this incentive and it s a great help to own new equipment, says haun.

romax ccess also has a wide range of parts in store and has service and training options available for its customers. To find out more, visit


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fety rst he two-handed operation system ensures optimum user safety. It also eliminates any back, arm and neck strain that is often caused by using an axe.



LS83000EV splitter

Oh so quiet he log splitter is ideal for use in noise-sensitive areas.

A greener way of working roducing firewood can be a profitable additional revenue stream for arborists, which is why it is well worth investing in the right kit. he awnflite vertical log splitter will easily split logs up to cm 1 in length and cm 1 in diameter. It is powered by a watt motor and has a splitting force of eight tonnes.

On the move he log splitter has been designed to be easily manoeuvred and features two built-in transport wheels and a handle.

RRP: £849 Find out more:


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la n ite co k

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he GTM Professional range of compact and powerful woodchippers is designed to o er a portable option to expert gardeners and professionals for chipping branches and crops – perfect for tree care, landscaping, forestry, and garden maintenance. cient, e ective, and safe to operate due to their chipping system and unique drum design – a rotor with two Pro doublesharpened blades that rotate along the counter blade at high speed and ejection through a large discharge chute. The system pulls branches up to 12cm thick into the machine via the extra wide input chute, chips them and ejects clean cut wood chips time after time.

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A fast worker he ad ustable deflector can throw the woodchips into a wheelbarrow, trailer or directly onto the ground. The high-alloy steel Pro blades have two cutting edges so that they can be turned around for reuse. The extra wide chute means that it is rarely necessary to remove side branches, which guarantees a high working speed. In contrast to the disposal of pruning waste, chipping saves valuable space and time as well as turning the carbon footprint of a business around through reducing waste. “The environment and sustainability are at the core of my small business and the GTM woodchipper has been instrumental in helping me deliver a cost-e ective

service turning a waste product into a vital resource,” says Richard Parkinson, owner of landscaping business Wild Ground. Chips are versatile Wood chips are perfect to use as a mulch or soil improver, for example, in a vegetable garden where they provide protection against the e ects of the sun and help the soil retain moisture. They are also ideal to use as a filling material for paths and borders. Composting also creates valuable resources for the garden. A compo multifunctional chipper, like the new GTS1300COMPO or GTS900COMPO, has two outputs which help create the


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and perfectly balanced so that one person can operate and move the machine safely. “The range includes woodchippers that can deal with branches from 5cm to 12cm,” explains Phil Noble, divisional sales manager. “The GTS1300RG is equipped with caterpillar tracks to operate on rough and hard to access terrain. The machine can easily manage steep hills up to 20-degree incline. There is also the GTS1300PTO that is suitable for coupling to a tractor up to 45hp with a three-point attachment and power take-o . trailer can be attached to the back of the machine so that the woodchips can be blown directly into

the trailer. There will be new machines added to the range to ensure GTM has a woodchipper suitable for the needs of all expert gardeners and professionals.” The GTM dealer network is available to help with expert advice, maintenance and spare parts which guarantee a long life for your woodchipper.

shredded material that accelerates the composting process. The high output is suitable for shredding branches up to 10cm thick, which will provide the structure and ventilation to the compost. The low output is suitable for soft material like hedge shavings, which will provide moisture and nutrition. fety rst All the machines are extensively tested for safety and ease of use, and meet the highest standards. Safety features on the woodchippers include a switch to immediately stop the motor, panic bar and rotor locking system. The machines are light


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For more information and to see the full range:

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FEELING CHIPPER Cobra’s compact champion Cobra has launched the Chip700L as part of its range aimed at professionals which could be particularly suited to those working on garden maintenance tasks and where there is limited access such as in urban areas. The 7hp towable chipper has the largest capacity in the range and serves as a small, compact but still powerful option – it is equipped with a 212cc Loncin engine and is easily able to chip branches that are up to 100mm (4in) in diameter. The chute has a unique hinged design, to allow easy access to the twin reversible blades for maintenance. The model has a slender design, large wheels and well-balanced construction to allow good manoeuvrability, meaning it can be readily towed from one area to another via a lawn tractor. The Cobra wood chipper range also includes the Chip650L and the electric start model, Chip650LE. Both are powered by a Loncin 6.5hip engine and will chip branches up to 80mm (3in) in diameter. All are provided with a two-year warranty. For more information, visit:

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Först on film Först has released a video showing a customer trial of its TT6 6in 37hp turntable wood chipper. The video can be viewed via the 'Först Woodchippers' YouTube channel, and it features the Tree Management Company, which is based in Ringwood, Hampshire. The team is shown at work setting up and using the wood chipper in a suburban areas and the benefits it provides when there is tighter access. he model o ers the same power and performance as rst s best-selling model, the , while o ering the added flexibility of a turntable for those regularly working in urban areas where road or driveway space can be limited. It is backed by a three-year warranty, with service provided by the FörstAssist team. rborists are able to find out more about the wood chipper, arrange a customer demo and book a product slot. For more information, visit

GreenMech on parade at APF 2022 GreenMech will be exhibiting at this year’s APR and has announced that models from its EVO range will be taking centre stage on stand 1270-1310 in the outside area at the Ragley Estate in Warwickshire — the event takes place 22 to 24 September. n show will be road-tow, fixed track, - rak and - rak configurations. Since its launch in May 2019, the EVO has set a benchmark for powerful performance in the 6in and 8in categories. In the four years since the last APF event took place, the EVO range has evolved from the original road-tow format with the 1 to the fixed track 1 4 model in the autumn of 2019. These were followed by the 165P SUB 750 model, which incorporates the wide infeed chute, twin horizontal feed rollers and a heavyduty flywheel in a smaller and lighter petrol-driven package. Recently, the EVO concept has been extended into the 8in market, with the launch of the 205D. This has a 50hp ubota diesel engine to ensure e ective processing power that makes light work of bulky brash and timber. Meanwhile, suited to the biggest tasks and in challenging of locations, this model paved the way for a range of tracked models with the EVO 205DT Fixed Track, SAFE-Trak and SURE-Trak options which are now available.


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All EVO machines come with GreenMech’s disc-blade chipping technology, a three-year parts and labour warranty and the support of the nationwide dealer network as standard. In addition and new for 2022, GreenMech will be displaying its range of aftermarket service kits. These are available for popular GreenMech models and have been

introduced to make ongoing servicing straightforward. They contain the required filters and any other components required to complete the regular maintenance at 250 hour and 1,000-hour intervals and a four-disc blade replacement kit will also be available as part of the aftermarket range. For more information, visit:

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M- railers o ers robustness, versatility and performance. he brand, which is based in orset, o ers high strength-to-weight ratios and an unladen weight which is lower than competitors in their class. vailable through authorised retailers, these manoeuvrable trailers are fully welded and hot dipped galvanised to prevent corrosion. hey are also provided with a ertificate of ompliance to permit use on roads in the and urope. irector eo e atts says the two key types of trailer that appeals to arborists are the M and series. e comments he M trailer has a ramp at the back and is handy for transporting wheeled or tracked ob ects machinery, as well as heavy loads that need to be secured in place. he trailer features side walls and eye bolts to make securing more convenient. M- eries lant railer

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The M series trailers have a towable limit of either 2,700kg or 3,500kg, depending on configuration. hey are available with a platform area of either m long by 1. m wide, or 4m long by either 1. m or 1. m wide and are supplied with a heavy-duty folding nose wheel as standard. hey also include a fold-down ramp, which enables easy loading and unloading. he trailer floor height for all M series trailers is 4cm above ground level. he trailer range can be used for a range of purposes, including transporting as items as large as mobile homes and catering units. hese come in a two-axle configuration or a larger three-axle model. hey have a road-legal towable limit of , kg and come with standard 1 inch wheels to provide the listed unladen platform height, which reduces by 4cm when laden or optional 14 inch wheels provide a cm higher unladen platform height, which reduces by

4cm when laden. o utilise the eries trailers in its flatbed configuration, an 1 mm plywood base can be installed together with a mm thick aluminium treadplate. Additional ramps assist in loading of wheeled or tracked vehicles and machinery. eo adds he trailer series is a skeleton trailer. arge timbers can be laid along its length and secured. he trailers can also be customised as required for instance if the customer needs a flooring installed, or needs other features added to it. M- provides a full service to include trailer hire, insurance and financing. It has a range of accessories available and also o ers a range of second-hand trailers, which can be bought direct or through authorised retailers, which are ex-display and ex-demonstrator models. Find out more at

latbed keleton railer


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• • •

11.8 mm low elongation and good friction Compatible with most mechanical climbing devices

Easy thread from ultra-low profile spliced or plain end

Find us at APF 2022 in September via our participating stockists:

To become a stockist or find your nearest stockist: Pro Arb ad July 2022 half page v1.4.indd 1

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ermeer is the only brand to o er a complete range of core heavy equipment for arborists of a skid steer loader, wood chipper and stump grinder. Vermeer is a brand that is viewed as top of the range and as sales representative Paul Doyle says, is often the choice of expanding arborist firms looking to take on the bigger jobs and where quality and power are a must. Vermeer Corporation is headquartered in Iowa in the US, but the company has a significant operation in the etherlands, where manufacturing for Europe occurs. The business prides itself on customer service and provides this through a network of dealers, which supply parts and servicing from specialist technicians.

CHECK OUT THE LEADING GLOBAL BRAND, WHICH IS A FAVOURITE AMONG UK ARBORISTS, AT THIS YEAR’S APF “We’re excited to be meeting many of our customers again at the APF Show and talking to those who may be new to Vermeer. You can find us on tand 147 1 1 . e ll have a great range of Vermeer tree care equipment in the demo area, so why not give a skid steer a go



Vermeer’s brush chippers are built to last and o er a range of benefits to ensure both power and safety. Designed for European tree care professionals, it includes two-step start, with an infeed button and switch control allowing for ease of operation. It is able to chip branched material of up to 8". The SmartFeed system monitors engine speed and stops or reverses the rollers if needed. The Stage V-compliant Kubota engine delivers 57hp and best-in-class fuel capacity while meeting emission standards. The Ecoldle engine control system optimises fuel e ciency and minimises noise. The chipper is also easily serviced as a one-piece pivoting engine hood provides ensures fast and simple accessibility to internal components, with parts within easy reach.

eing able to o er customers stump grinding services is a key di erentiator and can ensure a valuable additional income stream. Vermeer’s stump grinder has numerous advantages over other models, including the longest tracks in its class to provide consistent stability and easier loading and unloading. The Autosweep system is included as standard and monitors the engine speed. It will automatically adjust the cutter wheel sweep rate, reducing engine, drive-train and structural stress. Vermeer’s patented Yellow Jacket cutter system is designed to provide faster and easier serviceability. he hp I engine is e ective in all temperatures, including cold weather and makes a choke chain obsolete. It also provides improved fuel economy over comparable gas engines.

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TIME FOR A REAL VERMEER? with various attachments? We’ll have a large team on hand to provide plenty of guidance.”

Find out more at


Although compact in size, this skid steer is built to perform and there are a range of attachments suited to arborists including a log grapple, pallet forks and a large bucket. It has a tipping capacity of 2643 lb (1198.8 kg) and rated operating capacity of 925 lb (419.6 kg) while reaching to maximum hinge pin height at 84.5" (214.6 cm). There is a choice of petrol or diesel engines. A dual hydraulic auxiliary system comes as standard with high flow to power in the most demanding attachments and a low flow to give the operator maximum control. It has a universal mounting plate, with the option of 7" (17.8 cm) or 9" (22.9 cm) tracks and multiple engine options to choose from. It is also built to allow for straightforward servicing with simple hose routings and ease of access to the fuse panel for maximum e ciency.


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obcat has introduced its new R-Series Stage V compact range, which comprises the S66 and S76 skid-steer loaders and the T66 and T76 compact track loaders. John Chattaway, loaders product manager at Bobcat, says: “Bobcat has always made the toughest market-leading loaders on the planet. This continues with the new R-Series loaders, which have been completely redesigned from the ground up with a focus on quality, reliability, durability and first-class comfort. Loader enhancements The stability of both types of loaders has been improved with longer wheelbases and track footprints compared to the previous generation machines. The higher stability, combined with enhanced e ciency from the hydraulics, provides class leading push and breakout forces and increased lift capacity, resulting in higher productivity.


kid- teer oader

The longer wheelbases and tracks also ensure a smoother ride. The new T66 and T76 compact track loaders have a solid undercarriage system as standard, but can be equipped with the optional five-link torsion suspension undercarriage as an option to ensure a better ride, including on rough terrain. Stability and productivity can be further improved by the optional auto ride control feature on R-Series loaders. Comfort and visibility All R-Series machines come as standard with a fully enclosed one-piece cab with , a five-inch deluxe display and lighting system. Available options are the clear-side cab, with mesh-free side screens to aid visibility, a rear-view camera that connects to the standard five-inch and optional 7-inch touch display, and the


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SKID STEERS ompact rack oader premium light package. he standard seat can be replaced with heated air-ride cloth seat. he standard five inch deluxe display is operated by jog-shuttle and gives detailed machine information on the screen and can be used for the feed from the optional rear-view camera. Other options include a 7-inch touch screen display with integrated radio, Bluetooth and hands-free calling, with a rear-view camera pre-installed. Machines with the five inch display also have a keyed ignition system, with a no-cost keyless ignition option. Advanced controls New loaders feature various enhancements, and many previous options are now built into the R-Series loaders as standard, including: electable oystick controls eluxe cab with wo-speed travel igh-flow hydraulics, attachment control device ual direction bucket positioning ack up alarm The standard controls on the new R-Series loaders is the SJC system. Manual hand and foot controls are available as a no-cost option on the S66 and S76 skid-steer loaders. The SJC system provides the operator with exclusive features and fingertip switches, to configure the loaders as tool carriers for working all day with the widest possible selection of

attachments. Customisable features include speed management, drift control and the ability to change set-up of joystick sensitivity. Attachment versatility oaders o er the attachment control device system as standard. sing Can-Bus communication to recognise the attachment on the machine, the system


ompact rack oader

automatically sets up the joystick controls and output flow to ensure the best performance when using attachments. igh-flow hydraulics are also standard, allowing them to be used with the advanced higher flow attachments. Increased durability Cast steel structures in loader arms are 20% stronger, allowing for use of narrower profiles, improving visibility of attachments and work area. ift height has been increased too, for ease of dumping loads into high-sided trucks. For more information visit:

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any arborists will enjoy humorous exchanges when working together outdoors and there’s often a less restrictive atmosphere compared to an o ce, as well as a more relaxed approach from managers. ut, employers should remain alert to the fact that even though it may be ust banter , those who are targeted would not agree. Increasingly, employees may be unwilling to put up with being humiliated or ridiculed. And when there are plenty of jobs about, why should anyone tolerate unfair treatment if they can simply leave and find work elsewhere? hat s more, if employers fail to tackle the issue, then a bullying culture may develop. part from finding it harder to recruit and retain sta , they could at worse, also face an employment tribunal, having to pay compensation for constructive dismissal and deal with reputational damage.

Increasingly, employees may be unwilling to put up with being humiliated or ridiculed. And when there are plenty of jobs about, why should anyone tolerate unfair treatment ifferences etween nter nd u yin anter is defined as the playful and friendly exchange of teasing remarks’. Of course workmates are always going to rib each other on occasion and having fun can also mean better productivity. ut, it s when okes become personal and hurtful that banter can cross the line and become bullying. There may well be personality clashes and some can be blunt when it comes to communicating. ut, employers do need to be able to recognise when this spills over and what has been said has caused real o ence.


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ullying, meanwhile, is unwanted, aggressive and repeated behaviour that often involves a power imbalance. It may involve threats, actual violence or unpleasant okes about someone or it could also mean the imposition of an unfair workload. In rarer cases, there can also be upward bullying’ which is where a manager is targeted and this could be through team members showing disrespect, refusing to do work or not to a necessary standard and spreading rumours. ven though bullying is not specifically defined in law, harassment which is closely connected is outlawed by the Equality Act 2010. Action could be taken against an employer if one employee

insults another on a range of grounds, including their age, gender, race, faith or sexual orientation. Individuals could also be targeted or singled out by bullies because of their age, appearance or personality. Making someone feel excluded could also be seen as a form of bullying. Recent years have also seen a massive rise of cyber bullying, so this could mean negative comments and images posted online. It can occur between employees and mean that there is bullying outside of the workplace even emo is can be misused to cause o ence. his too is a common problem and I research, for example, has found that some one in 10 employees have been a ected by cyber bullying.


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How common is the problem? As an unregulated sector, there won’t be any o cial statistics on the scale of bullying within arboriculture. ut, it s useful to look at the experience of construction, which also involves an outdoor workforce. he 1 Mental ealth in the onstruction urvey found that one in five construction workers had been impacted by bullying in the workplace, but a third took no action and continued to work as normal. Meanwhile, some of these employees said they believed the bullying was banter and this was particularly the case with younger employees it was labelled as such by of 1-to- 4 year olds and 4 of -to- 4 year olds. urther, more than half of those who had experienced bullying wanted more confidentiality so they could raise the issue with their bosses. he construction survey also found that noncitizens were also more likely to be sub ect to bullying 1 a ected compared to 1 of citizens. his again could be useful information for arborists who employ nonnationals and to make it clear that they should not be treated unfairly or be the butt of okes.

employers must realise they have a legal duty of care to protect employees when they are at work and that includes dealing with bullying issues o, what can be learnt from this he figures show that high numbers are a ected and although it seems that many turn the other cheek, allowing bullying to persist is a high-risk strategy. ot least, employers must realise they have a legal duty of care to protect employees when they are at work and that includes dealing with bullying issues. his includes even if there is no formal antibullying policy.


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What should employers do? ompanies including small ones should ideally have an anti-bullying policy. Managers should also make it clear that they have an open door policy. It should be a topic that is out in the open and if someone is being bullied, then they can talk about it in confidence. In the event of a complaint, there needs to be an investigation, with all parties questioned as there may be two sides to the story. hen finding out the details of the incident, this should be done without bias. If possible, it may make sense for someone neutral to question employees about what has happened, to find out if this is a one o or part of a pattern of behaviour and to see if a resolution can be found. here is no getting away from the fact that dealing with a bullying accusation can be di cult. ut, avoiding them will only store up problems for the future. nd, if banter is given as a defence then the manager investigating needs to think carefully about whether this could be ustified. ould they feel uncomfortable or upset if they were on the receiving end If the answer is yes, then some action must be taken. It s possible that an apology and an undertaking to be more sensitive to others in the future will su ce. In more serious cases, then there must be a clear disciplinary pathway, which may involve a warning or more serious sanction and that could include dismissal. If the individual who was responsible for bullying is a self-employed contractor, then the employer must think hard about whether they should be o ered further work.

of reporting it, but times are changing and increasingly, there is willingness to speak out. or larger firms in particular, it may be necessary to ask an consultant to produce policies for the business to cover equal opportunities and bullying. policy should make it clear that there is zero tolerance and those who break it face disciplinary consequences.

In more serious cases, then there must be a clear disciplinary pathway, which may involve a warning or more serious sanction ll sta should be made aware of this and it can also be a topic for a training session. Managers too must also always lead by example if they act in a bullying manner, then there is likely to be a serious culture problem within the business. ight-hearted banter is not a problem at work, in fact, there are plenty of occasions when it makes the working day more e ective. ut, there must be boundaries and if these are broken, then bullying must be called out and there needs to be full understanding that it will not be tolerated.

Strategies to put in place It is important that the victim s complaint is taken seriously, which means not brushing it o even if the so-called banter is seen as trivial. ften, bullying is not tackled because employees are fearful of the consequences

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WOODCHIPPERS THAT DO THE JOB ● Compact, powerful and portable ● Efficient, effective and safe to operate ● Perfect for chipping branches up to 12cm thick ● Unique drum design; pulls branches in, chips them and ejects clean cut wood chips ● High and low outputs to create the shredded material for accelerated composting

Reaching For expert gardeners and professionals safely Save money with our powered access solutions

Reaching heights safely Quick and easy access for roof repairs, both internal and external

Compact machines able to access difficult to reach areas


Manoeuvres through standard gateways and narrow paths Low ground Save money with our pressures avoiding ■ Extensive range of compact damage to drives, powered access solutions

tracked ‘Spider’ access platforms


APF us at Sta 2022 nd D No.


Aspen alkylate petrol is continuously tested to guarantee high-quality fuel in every can - resulting in equipment that starts easily, engines that won’t clog and fuel that doesn’t deteriorate over time. Count on your machine to do its job so you can focus on yours.

paths and lawns Quick and easy access for roof Dual powered repairs, both internal andfor external silent, or internal ■ Compact machines able to access fume free working difficult to reach areas Site to site Manoeuvres through standard transportation on gateways standard and narrow paths plant trailer ■ Low ground pressures avoiding Full range of damage to drives, vehicle compact paths andmounted lawns access platforms ■ Dual powered for silent, or internal Avoids costly hire fume free charges working

Compact machines able to access difficult to reach areas Manoeuvres through standard gateways and narrow paths Track widening system & greater ground clearance

Site to site Cost effective transportation on investment standard plant solutions / low cost ■ trailer of ownership

Established 1999 A full range of compact vehicle mounted access platforms which can be quickly set up on a standard driveway or single lane carriageway. Insulated cage options available.

Full range of compact vehicle mounted access platforms

Promax Access Ltd

Promax Access Ltd Avoids costly hire charges 01226 716657 Unit 8, Acorn Phase 3, Cost effective High Street, Grimethorpe, 01226 716658 investment Barnsley, South Yorkshire S72 7BD solutions / low cost of ownership Tel: 01226 716657 Email: A full range of compact vehicle mounted access platforms which can be quickly set up on a standard driveway or Web: Fax:Insulated 01226 716658 single lane carriageway. cage options available. Unit 8, Acorn Phase 3, High Street, Grimethorpe, Barnsley, South Yorkshire S72 7BD

Email: Web:



Members of the International Powered Access Federation

Promax Access Ltd Unit 8, Acorn Phase 3, High Street, Grimethorpe, Barnsley, South Yorkshire S72 7BD Email: Web:

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01226 716657


01226 716658

Members of the International Powered Access Federation

27/07/2016 10:23 09/08/2022 12:39


On apprenticeships


here’s been some confusion for apprentices and employers with regard to the o -the- ob rule for apprenticeships. From 1 August 2022, that rule is due to go, to be replaced by a new one. In fact, there are a number of changes due to come into force on this date. Many of the rule changes and amendments will a ect training providers, but some are much more wide-ranging. My aim is to focus on the more important ones for employers. ne of the key issues relates to the rule which, until now, had the e ect of requiring two apprentices with the same level of knowledge, to complete a wildly di erent amount of o -the-

From 1 August, the 20% rule effectively ceased. Instead, it has been replaced with a requirement to complete at least 6 hours OJT per week ob training because of their contracted hours. or example, an apprentice undertaking the 4-month evel rborist and contracted to work hours per week, would have had to complete 557 hours.


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An apprentice completing the exact same programme, but contracted to work 7 hours per week, would have had to complete 7 hours. n additional 1 hours to be evidenced, to cover the same knowledge, skills and behaviours. From 1 August, the rule e ectively ceased. Instead, it has been replaced with a requirement to complete at least hours per week. or the evel rborist apprentice, that equates to 7 hours of o -the- ob training across the two-year programme. Active learning here s now a specifically stated need for active learning every four weeks. his means the apprentice must be involved in o -the- ob training and or maths nglish as appropriate as a condition of funding. hile this may not a ect employers directly, it may well a ect employerproviders and training providers who o er block release programmes. here s also been a slight change in relation to English and maths. For a evel apprentice, they would have had to pass evel 1 maths and nglish, and attempt evel maths and nglish. he requirement to attempt evel functional skills has been removed, although there remains an expectation that this will still occur where time and ability permits. It has also been clarified that when dealing with nglish functional skills, this will include the three elements of reading, writing, as well as speaking listening. he progress was always an important part of the apprenticeship. his review allowed an employer, their apprentice s and the training provider to review the progress


made, set new targets and complete the pastoral support. It has now been written into the rules that this review should take place every -1 weeks, although most providers will be doing this already. owever, speaking as a training provider, we often have di culty in pinning employers down to attend these meetings. raining providers must also reconcile and refund any monies due to the employer, where the employer has e ectively overpaid due to a change in circumstances. It should be noted that in the case of the co-investment payments, this seemingly innocuous calculation is not as basic as it should be. his is due to the way that apprenticeships are funded with training payments followed by a final achievement payment. hese changes represent ust a few of the new rules and clarifications made, so if in doubt, please speak to your training provider. lease be sure to also check the information here has not been sub ect to further changes. Dee Vickers is the Head of Apprenticeships at Kingston Maurward College in Dorset, and a Board member of the Dorset & Somerset Training Provider Network and she can be contacted at

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pilot scheme is currently underway in the UK to test out whether a fourday week could work for business. It is based on 1 of pay for of time workers who take part will en oy three days o per week, but need to commit to maintaining 1 productivity. The trial is being organised by 4 Day Week Global, think tank Autonomy, the 4 ay eek ampaign and researchers at ambridge niversity, xford niversity and oston ollege who will collate and analyse the results. round 7 companies and over , workers are involved in the pilot and one of those trialling a four day week includes environmental consultants, yler range, which you can read about on page 14 the firm is now closed on a riday. imilar pilot schemes are also taking place in the US, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. h t re the ene ts? or employers, it may seem that only being open on four days would pose many disadvantages but there are also numerous positives. otably, if the workforce is happier, then the chances are they will perform better. shorter working week may help attract and retain employees. he five day remains usual practice and if four day is on o er, then sta may be more loyal. It s also likely that a more contented workforce will su er fewer health issues terms as they can have more rest as well as having more time for sport there could be reduced levels of depression and anxiety. here is also an argument that productivity may rise as more fulfilled employees will do more when at work. h t re the dis d nt es? or those in the arb sector, there are a number of reasons why the four-day model may not work. If your company o ers an emergency


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Could the

four-day week work? EVERYONE WANTS A BETTER WORK-LIFE BALANCE BUT WHILE THIS MUCH TALKED ABOUT MODEL HAS ITS ATTRACTIONS, IT MAY NOT SUIT ALL IN THE ARB SECTOR call out service, for example, then you need people on hand over extended periods being closed more could mean too much lost business. You may not have enough people to ensure a necessary range of shifts are covered.

if the workforce is happier, then the chances are they will perform better ome companies who o er four-day weeks expect sta to work longer days, so 1 hours a day rather than eight. ithin arb, this could compromise safety and mean sta are not only working when there is limited daylight, but also when they are exhausted. It may also not be practical for purely financial reasons an arb firm may need to work a five or even longer week on occasion and is reliant on a small workforce this is not a sector where people can work more flexibility from home, they can only be onsite.

i e to think different y? But, while there are negatives, it’s interesting to note that a survey from NatWest found that three quarters of UK employers believe that a four-day week will be the norm by 2030. This means there may well be a need for more flexibility, with companies listening to sta about what would improve their lives and take into account issues such as childcare, while keeping up high levels of productivity. here is even some support among the public for allowing children to take ridays o although this is not a move backed by the government. e dy for ch n e? ven if an arb firm has no plans to introduce a four-day week, it is worth being mindful that it may be necessary to consider listening to what sta want and seeing if their preferences can be accommodated. his may be allowing more flexibility even if the working hours are the same. here are sta shortages in this sector and businesses that are too rigid in their o ering will not be first choice as employers. ew thinking may well be needed and time will tell if the four-day week can be provided or, if for now at least, it is a bridge too far.


08/08/2022 17:03

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Following the implementation of FISA 608, we have recently launched Safe Use of Tree Shears and Grapple Saws Training; providing competency training to those who operate tree shears and grapple saws, at work. We are also excited to announce that we now deliver Forest Works Manager Awareness Training; in line with FISA requirements and recommendations for FWM continual professional development (CPD).

Come and see us at this years APF Exhibition & Arb Show 2022, stand 195-205 OUT, to discuss your Training, Assessment and Refresher requirements. t: 01597 258615 e: w:

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09/08/2022 13:50

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09/08/2022 16:30


Glen and Zoe Penlington For the British Pro Championship, the male athletes competed against each other across six disciplines, and the female athletes in the British Women’s Championship competed in three, which are Stock Saw, Single Buck and Underhand Chop. Zoe commented: “I’m very proud to be the overall winner in the inaugural Stihl Timbersports British Women’s Championship, and then to watch my brother also win the men’s competition was the icing on the cake. All the women put on a fantastic display and we hope this will encourage more women to get involved in the original extreme sport.” What is Timbersports? Timbersports is an international extreme sports competition, sponsored by Stihl. Its roots lie in Australia and New Zealand as well as in Canada and the US. Competitors use axes, two-metre crosscut saws and


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chainsaws, with the events pushing each competitor’s skill and endurance levels to the absolute limit. They are awarded maximum points for the fastest time in each Glen Penlington discipline. In the landmark women’s event, it was particularly close run, with Zoe beating her closest rival Justine Narusa by only four points. he event was decided in the final heat, the Underhand Chop, where Zoe recorded the fastest time to take the title, while Sarah Cox took third place to complete the podium. The men’s event was also decided in the final heat, with len holding his nerve against Graham Turner who came second while John Lewis was third. The British Rookie Championship was part of the event and Jack Morris, again from ales, took first place. he rookies, who were under 25, took part in four events, accumulating points in each round based on their placing in each discipline.

THE SIX TIMBERSPORTS DISCIPLINES SPRINGBOARD Athletes slot two springboards into a vertical tree trunk then chop through a block of wood at the top of the tree, nearly 3m above the ground STOCK SAW Athletes race to cut two timber “cookies” with a chainsaw from a horizontally set log. The cookie must be complete and within a defined thickness STANDING BLOCK CHOP Simulating the felling of a tree, athletes race to chop through a 30cm wood block as quickly as possible from the side SINGLE BUCK Athletes race to cut through a 46cm diameter log using a two-metre long single man crosscut saw UNDERHAND CHOP Athletes stand on a horizontal log and cleave it in two with an axe, chopping from both sides HOT SAW Athletes race to cut three cookies of a specified thickness from a horizontal trunk using an extremely powerful chainsaw weighing nearly 30kg and with a chain speed of around 250 km/h.

Zoe Penlington



brother and sister from Powys, Wales have won the top slots in the recent Stihl 2022 Timbersports Championships. Zoe and Glen Penlington competed against the UK’s best logger sport athletes over the two-day event weekend, with oe winning the first-ever tihl Timbersport’s British Women’s Championship and Glen gaining the 2022 British Pro Champion accolade. The events were held in front of a sell-out crowd at the Royal Three Counties Show in Malvern, Worcestershire. Timbersports athletes came from across the UK to compete in head-to-heads against the clock in a range of events.


Simon Hewitt, head of marketing for Stihl GB, said: “After several Timbersports events behind closed doors, all the athletes have been training extremely hard to put on a great spectacle for the fans and they certainly didn’t disappoint. Glen is a worthy winner and we’re especially thrilled for Zoe who will go down in history as the first ritish omen s hampion.

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09/08/2022 13:54


For full details on all jobs, please go to Call 01903 777 570 or email with your vacancy



Elmtree is a landscape construction and grounds maintenance company based in Bristol. It has full-time permanent positions available for experienced fencing operatives. You will be carrying out duties such as erecting close board fencing, gates, post and rail fencing on some of the high-end new build schemes it is presently working on. It is looking for a person with a good eye for detail to maintain its high standards.

Glendale, an Arboricultural Association approved contractor and winner of BALI Employer of the Year, is looking for an arboriculture contract manager. The successful candidate will have a demonstrable track record of managing arboricultural teams, being able to drive productivity and ensuring that the workforce provides a quality service, as well as a strategic outlook driving continuous improvement and e ciencies.

For more details, please go to

For more details, please go to



lendale is currently looking for sta to oin either of its award-winning arboriculture teams based near Bristol Airport or Weston-super-Mare. s well as core technical arboricultural tasks, services o ered from this o ce include woodland and estates management, vegetation management, fencing, tree surgery, forestry and environmental engineering pro ects.

SJA Trees is a leading arboricultural consultancy in the south-east of England. The distribution of time in this role will be approximately in the o ce and on-site. urveying will be on sites ranging from single trees in private gardens to several thousand trees on large redevelopment schemes. SJA also undertakes risk assessment surveys, veteran tree assessments, woodland surveys and more.

For more details, please go to

For more details, please go to



is looking for people to work on a wide variety of pro ects, ensuring all elements of landscaping are delivered to a high standard. successful candidate will work on a wide variety of pro ects from private gardens to small scale commercial works. They will have a strong initiative and the ability to organise themselves in order to carry out the required tasks.

The construction of the Chiltern tunnels and Colne Valley Viaduct are two of the most eye-catching and challenging engineering pro ects on the route. lign is the oint venture created to achieve this task by oining you can become an integral part of this landmark pro ect, with the opportunity to develop your expertise and leave a legacy to be proud of for the rest of your career.

For more details, please go to

For more details, please go to



Following growth, Atlantes Landscapes is looking to recruit a landscape team leader. ou will lead a specialist team of three or more sta to deliver high quality pro ects. he role will be to expand the teams to meet the requirements of the business, develop the individuals within and to ensure the company’s reputation remains excellent.

How Green has a full-time role within its expanding wholesale nursery. A family-run business in its 40th year, it grows 500,000 plants per year. It supplies garden designers, landscapers and grows annually for the RHS Chelsea Flower Show. This role involves liasing with garden design customers and building their quotes through our specialist software package.

For more details, please go to

For more details, please go to


GLENDALE Location: Somerset




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GLENDALE Location: Somerset

SJA TREES Location: Surrey

ALIGN JV (HS2 C1 PACKAGE) Location: South East

How Green Nursery LTD Location: Kent


09/08/2022 16:40


Sharon Smith AN INSIDE LOOK AT THE BLUE TREE COMPANY Who do you work for and what’s your present role? I work for the Blue Tree Company, which is based in Hitchin, Hertfordshire. I joined in March 2019 in the newly-created role of business development manager. And what did you do previously? I took a career break from being a marketing and food buyer for Tesco to have my children, who are now aged 17 and 14, while I had my first part-time role in the tree industry in 2016 – and have never looked back.

What are the best parts of the job? This job is so varied it never gets boring. My hours are pretty flexible and I adapt my hours to suit the business needs. I’m proud to be a ‘woman in arb’!

We build our success on our attitude and attention to detail – we have a friendly atmosphere and a ‘can do’ culture How important is training to the business? Because of the nature of the height of trees, arboriculture can be a dangerous profession, so training is essential for us. Our teams are regularly kept up to date with their qualifications and with the latest Health & Safety recommendations. We love to progress our teams, so we take on apprentices and see them through their training and certifications to grow with us.

Can you tell us a bit about the Blue Tree Company? The Blue Tree Company was founded in 2013 and born out of a passion for trees. It’s run by a team of two directors and we have now expanded to four teams of tree surgeons. We work with a wide variety of clients in both the commercial and domestic market surveying and in maintaining their tree landscapes.


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We love trees but realise sometimes they do need to be removed for all sorts of reasons, so every invoice we send contains a link for our clients to make a voluntary donation to the Woodland Trust to replant a tree. What’s your favourite piece of kit at work? That would be my laptop so I can work from anywhere. Are there any future plans you can tell us about? We recently had a business planning day and have so many ideas to grow the business – but I can’t share them yet! How do you switch off when out of work? I love to read and always have a book on the go. I volunteer for the East Ambulance Service attending life critical 999 calls in my community, so I keep busy when I’m not working.

How would you describe the company culture at Blue Tree Company? We build our success on our attitude and attention to detail – we have a friendly atmosphere and a ‘can do’ culture. Is the Blue Tree Company focused on environmental issues? We’re very environmentally aware. We are zero waste to landfill, even from our black bin.

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We are passionate about the arb industry. So whether it’s supplying you directly with the most powerful and diverse range of woodchippers, or supporting you with our market-leading warranty and customer support – we’ve got your back.

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08/07/2022 10:32 12:47 09/08/2022

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