Page 1

Step-by-step teaching notes, tips and background notes on cultural issues Wide offer of photocopiable testing materials Editable tests in the Multi-ROM Test Maker FLIP BOOK An interactive, IWB-compatible version of the Coursebook containing all recordings, links, reference materials and extras Course components Student’s Book Workbook with Audio CD Teacher’s Resource Pack Class Audio CDs Multi-ROM Test Maker Teacher’s FLIP BOOK Flash on English Online Resources

PRE-INTERMEDIATE STUDENT ’S BOOK

For the Teacher

FL ASH on English

Clearly-structured units Double linguistic input in each unit Focus on authentic real-world language Clearly structured grammar presentations Extensive recycling and review of language Exploitation of different learning styles and mixed-ability features Culture, CLIL and Literature lessons in every unit Graded and practical study-skills guide Grammar reinforcement with extensive explanations and practice in the Workbook

L. Prodromou with A. Cowan and R. Elliott

FLASH on English is a motivating, easy-to-use, four-level course which takes teenage learners from Elementary through to Upper Intermediate level. The comprehensive syllabus provides thorough grammar, vocabulary and skills work, builds students’ language awareness and encourages fluency and self-confidence. The combination of printed, digital and online material enhances the learning experience and helps teachers respond to students’ needs.

Common European Framework

A1

A2 B1 B2 C1 C2

ONLINE RESOURCES


Welcome to Flash on English Flash on English is your new English language course. On these two pages you will find some information to help you learn to use your text book. Flash on English contains 10 units, organised in this way: Double linguistic input

Flash Forward activities

Each unit opens with a first presentation text which can be in various formats (article, email, report). The second presentation text is in the form of a dialogue with a photostory. This follows the daily life of a group of London teenagers who are dealing with their day-to-day problems and aspirations for the future. Examples of grammatical structures and functions are presented in the Grammar and the Functions boxes, in a concise and clear form to allow the student full autonomy in carrying out the activities. The Flashpoint box highlights particular language structures that are commonly used.

keep fast finishers busy.

The Vocabulary Workshop page helps to expand and consolidate the lexis from each unit. The Spoken English section familiarises students with colloquial expressions used by native speakers. The Flash on Grammar page is dedicated to presenting the grammar structures.

WB p. 8 refers to the correspondent exercises in the Workbook


The Flash on Skills section helps the students to develop their four language skills. Placed at the end of each unit, it alternately presents three types of text material. CULTURE Focuses on social and cultural aspects of the English-speaking world. CLIL Texts targeted to an interdisciplinary approach to language learning on contemporary topics of interest to students. LITERATURE Texts aimed at familiarising students with literary genres, in both prose and verse. Effective study and learning techniques are presented in each unit.

The main grammar items are presented schematically in the Grammar Reference at the end of the book, with information about grammar rules and extensive examples.

The Flash on Reading section contains reading passages with motivating, real-world content covering culture, history and social issues. Thematically linked to the units, Flash on Reading aims at developing students’ reading and vocabulary skills and practising reading comprehension techniques. It can be used as extra reading material in the classroom or at home for self-study.


Contents Unit

1

Is Everybody Happy?

Grammar

Vocabulary

Functions

Comparatives Superlative of adjectives as + adjective + as and less

Shops Places in the town and in the country Prepositions of place

Making comparisons Talking about location

Wh- words as subject or object can, could and may Suggestions

Types of films Places of entertainment

Asking for and giving opinions Making suggestions

Present continuous for future plans be going to for future intentions

Prepositions of movement School subjects

p. 8

2

That’s Entertainment!

Study Skills Word building, nouns

p. 16

Flashback 1-2

3

p. 24

Dreams Can Come True...

Study Skills Categorising words

Talking about plans and arrangements Talking about intentions

p. 26

4

Back to the Future

will for personal opinions and future predictions be going to for future predictions

Technology The weather

Expressing personal opinions about the future Talking about the weather

Present perfect Present perfect vs Past simple

Parts of the body Health problems Expressions with have

Giving advice Talking about life experience

p. 34

Flashback 3-4

5

p. 42

Mind and Body

p. 44

6

The Secrets of Success! p. 52

Flashback 5-6 4

p. 60

Present perfect with just, already, Sports and games (not) ... yet Expressions with do and Present perfect with time expressions make

Talking about recent events Talking about achievements and results


Pronunciation/ Spoken English

Skills

Flash on Reading

Compound nouns

CLIL – The smallest states

The Big Apple

Reading Listening Writing Speaking

Articles about small countries Two teenagers talking about their countries A text about a foreign country Ask and answer questions about foreign countries

Study Skills Reading for specific information Linking Use of vague expressions

Literature – The Importance of being Earnest Reading Listening Speaking Writing

p. 98 Oscar Wilde

A scene from the book A scene from the play A conversation about the play A dialogue of a play

Study Skills Listening for gist (1)

/I/ and /i…/

Culture – Education matters Reading Speaking Listening Writing

p. 100

Fighting for women’s rights

An article about Education in the UK A discussion about school timetables A British boy talking about home-schooling A paragraph about the education system

Study Skills Listening for gist (2) /ø/ and /œ/ Use of hyperbole

CLIL – Energy and our future Reading Speaking Listening Writing

p.101 Recycle, reduce, reuse

An article about different types of energy A memory test A discussion about nuclear energy A report about energy types

Study Skills Predicting meaning

Contractions with the Present perfect

Literature – ‘Pike’ Reading Listening Speaking Writing

p. 102

Fast foods, old habits

A poem A radio programme A discussion about a poem A short poem

Study Skills Creating visual images -gh Use of actually

Culture – Sport for all! Reading Listening Speaking Writing

p. 104 David Beckham

An article about the Olympics A person talking about extreme sports A paragraph about a sport Ask and answer questions about sports

Study Skills Writing a factual paragraph

p. 105

5


Contents Unit

7

Freedom

Grammar

Vocabulary

Functions

have to should must Past of should

Tasks and duties Phrases with have and take

Expressing obligation and lack of obligation Complaining and making excuses

may, might, could, must Modal verbs in the past

Relationships get

Expressing possibility and guessing

Zero conditional with if/when First conditional unless/as soon as

Money Compound nouns

Talking about the future

Present perfect: for and since Present perfect vs Past simple

The stages of love Feelings Descriptive adjectives

Talking about time – the past and the present Describing people

p. 62

8

Relationships

p. 70

Flashback 7-8

9

p. 78

Passions

p. 80

10

Love Actually

p. 88

Flashback 9-10

p. 96

Flash on Reading

p. 98

Grammar Reference p. 110 Audioscripts

6

p. 115


Pronunciation/ Spoken English

Skills

Flash on Reading

Modal verbs

Literature – Brian Patten: a Liverpool poet

A very sad phenomenon: child labour

Fixed expressions

Listening Reading Writing Speaking

A poem A prose summary of a poem A text about personal experience of a difficult exam A discussion about a difficult exam

Study Skills Recording fixed expressions /ø/ or /œ/ Phrasal verbs (up)

Culture – Teen Magazines

p. 106 Marrying Prince Charming

Reading An article about teen magazines Listening Teenagers talking about their problems Speaking Ask and answer questions about personal reading habits Writing A letter giving advice Study Skills Building vocabulary: mind maps

Stress in conditional sentences Interrupting people

CLIL – Addiction Reading Listening Speaking Writing

p. 107

Abuse and addiction

An article about addiction Teenagers talking about bad habits A discussion about addiction A diary entry

Study Skills Word building Homographs Vague language

Literature – Pride and Prejudice Reading Listening Speaking Writing

p. 108 Jane Austen

An extract from the book A dialogue from the book A discussion about marriage A description of characters from a book or film

Study Skills Learning new words

p. 109

7


1

Is Everybody Happy? What is happiness? 1 Before you read complete this sentence in your own words. Happiness is‌

2

1.02 Look at the pictures, listen and read the text. Which country do you think Hapland really is? Why?

3

Complete these statements with words from the text.

1 Hapland has a population of _____________ people. 2 Like the Swedes, the Haplanders are _____________ and blond. 3 Tahiti and Bali are _____________ islands. 4 The streets of New York are _____________ . 5 Haplanders have good _____________ . 6 In 1992, the Hapland football team _____________ the European Cup.

8

4

Use the prompts to make questions then swap with your partner and write the answers to his/her questions.

1 what / weather / like / Hapland What is the weather like in Hapland? It’s cold and rainy. 2 who / Hapland / neighbours? 3 where / people / laugh a lot? 4 how many weeks holiday / have / Hapland? 5 why / the Haplanders / happy / 1992? 6 what / most Haplanders / look like?

FLASH FORWARD Describe Hapland and Haplanders. Use the words below. tall large dangerous

rich cold healthy strong safe blond

Hapland is not a large country. Most Haplanders are tall and blond.


1

Vocabulary: Places in the town and in the country 5

farm wood bridge mountain hill

Look at the two pictures and write the numbers. bus stop swimming pool shopping centre 1

church bank restaurant

roundabout post office petrol station

car park hospital station

hedge field river lake

1

2 3

6

5

3

2

4

5

4

7

10 8 7

6

9 11

8

9

12

6

1.03 Now listen, check your answers and repeat the words.

7

Which of the things in the pictures do you pass on your way to school?

A I pass a church, two bus stops and a hotel on my way to school. What about you, Luca? B I pass a station, a swimming pool and a petrol station.

GRAMMAR

Comparatives Their neighbours are richer than they are. Tahiti and Bali are more beautiful than Hapland. People in southern Europe look happier. They’re not as content as us. We’re not as stressed as they are. Copenhagen is less dangerous than New York.

9

English isn’t easier than maths – it’s more difficult!

10 Transform these sentences comparing things. Use not as + adjective + as.

Complete the sentences with the comparative form of the adjectives in brackets.

1 English is (easy) than mathematics. 2 Life in the country is (healthy) than life in the city. 3 The south of Spain is (beautiful) than the north. 4 Poor people are (happy) than rich people. 5 Girls are (clever) than boys. 6 Big cities are (dangerous) than small towns.

1 The country is safer than the city. The city isn’t as safe as the country. 2 People in rich countries are healthier than people in poor countries. 3 Scotland is more beautiful than England. 4 Dogs are cleverer than cats. 5 Trains are more expensive than buses. 6 You are faster than me when you do your homework.

Say it! 11

Find more comparisons in the text. Underline them.

8

Do you agree with the statements in exercise 8? Say what you think.

Which do you think is better, the city or the country? Work in pairs and compare them. Use the adjectives below or add some of your own ideas. rich poor interesting healthy boring dirty clean exciting relaxing stressful safe dangerous beautiful ugly nice

A I think life in the city is more interesting than life in the country. B Yes, but the air is dirtier than in the country. A I also think life in the city is more exciting. B Maybe, but life is less stressful in the country.

9


1

It’s the coolest city in Europe! 1

Robyn

10

1.04 Listen and read. How does Anna feel today? Why?

Hi, Anna, how are you? You seem a bit down. Anna I’m waiting for the results of the interview at the LAC and I’m a bit nervous. Robyn Come and sit next to me. Let’s have a chat. Michael If you don’t get into the LAC why not have a gap year between finishing school and starting work? Anna A gap year? But where? Michael Well, how about… in Berlin? You’ve got the guide book already! Anna Yeah, I want to visit my friend there. They say it’s the coolest city in Europe. Robyn Well the music scene is wicked. It’s the best place in Europe for electronic music and there are loads of cafés, clubs, bars... Anna Mmm. Is it bigger than London, Michael? Michael No, it’s smaller than London – it’s got about 3.5 million people – but there’s more exciting cultural stuff happening there. Robyn And the shopping is fantastic! It’s got the trendiest shops and boutiques but it’s less expensive than London or Paris. Anna It sounds great but what about the people? Are they friendly?

2

Robyn

My cousin lives there. She says everyone is very friendly and they’re really into ecology – they recycle everything! Michael Yeah, it’s the most environmentallyfriendly place in Europe – there are bike lanes everywhere! – so that means it’s one of the safest, least polluted cities. Anna But the weather isn’t very good, is it? Michael Yeah, that’s true. It’s definitely colder than London. In winter it’s freezing. It’s one of the coldest places in Europe. Anna Brr! I don’t know guys...

What do Michael and Robyn say about these things in Berlin? music culture shopping ecology weather

FLASH FORWARD Write 3-4 sentences comparing your hometown and another city that you know. São Paulo is smaller than Shanghai; but it’s bigger than New York!


GRAMMAR

6

Look back at the picture of the town on page 9 and underline the correct prepositions in these sentences.

1 The post office is behind/opposite/under the petrol station. 2 The restaurant is in front of/in/behind the church. 3 The hospital is opposite/behind/in the petrol station. 4 The bank is behind/next to/bewteen the bus stop. 5 The station is between/behind/under the petrol station. 6 The swimming pool is behind/between/opposite the bus stop.

Superlative of adjectives Berlin is the coolest city in Europe. It’s the best place in Europe for electronic music. It’s the most environmentally-friendly place in Europe. Find more examples of superlatives in the dialogue. Underline them.

3

Complete the following sentences with the superlative form of the adjectives in brackets.

1 The _____________ (friendly) people in the UK are usually in the North. 2 London is the _____________ (expensive) city in Britain. 3 London has got the _____________ (modern) shops in Britain. 4 The _____________ (cold) place in Britain is the Scottish Highlands. 5 Mexico City is one of the _____________ (dangerous) cities in the world. 6 Bristol is one of the _____________ (cool) and trendiest cities in England.

4

Rewrite the sentences in exercise 3 to make them true for your country.

Vocabulary: Prepositions of place 5

1.05 Write the prepositions under the pictures, then listen and check your answers. next to in front of opposite between in on behind under

1 ________

2 ________

3 ________

1

FUNCTIONS

Talking about location Where’s the church? It’s next to the car park. Is there a shopping centre in Brook Street? No, but there’s one opposite the bank in George Street.

Say it! 7

Work in pairs. Ask and answer questions about where these places are in your town.

the biggest church the most expensive clothes shop the best place to play football the restaurant with the best pizza the oldest building

8

Look at the map of central London. Take it in turns to ask and answer where these places are. Use prepositions of place.

A Where’s Westminster Abbey? B It’s behind Big Ben.

4 ________ St Paul’s Cathedral

5 ________

6 ________

7 ________

8 ________

The Tower of London

Tate Modern Big Ben London Eye

Shakespeare’s Globe theatre Tower Bridge

Westminster Abbey

11


1

Vocabulary Workshop Shops

1

1.06 Look at the picture and say where you can buy these things. Then listen and check. books jewels medicines paint computer skirt bread steaks

You can buy books in a bookshop.

Places in the town and in the country

2

Write the words in the correct groups. Which places can you find in both the town and the country? bus stop river church station mountain car park field swimming pool wood bank bridge post office hedge hospital farm lake shopping centre hill restaurant petrol station roundabout

in the town

both

Pronunciation: Compound nouns Compound nouns consist of two nouns that are put together to form a new word. We write the new ones as two separate words (e.g. memory stick), but we write the older ones as one word (e.g. blackboard).

in the country

5

1.07 Listen to these compound nouns and choose the stress pattern you hear. (3) bus stop

● 3

6 Add the names of other places you know to the three groups.

Complete the sentences about your English class with the names of the students. In my English class I sit next to _____________ . In front of me there’s _____________ and behind me is _____________ . Near the door is _____________’s desk and opposite the teacher’s desk there are _____________ and _____________’s desks. My best friend in the class sits between _____________ and _____________ .

12

car park

bookshop

Say these compound nouns and mark the stress on them. earring cell phone laptop bathroom armchair hairbrush

Prepositions of place

4

post office

7

1.08 Listen and check your answers, then repeat the words.

8

Choose the correct answer to complete the rule about the pronunciation of compound nouns. I n compound nouns the stress usually falls on the first word/on both words.


Flash on Grammar Comparatives and superlatives Adjectives Comparatives

3

Underline the correct word in each sentence.

Superlatives

Short

cold

colder

the coldest

Short ending in -e

nice

nicer

the nicest

Short ending in vowel + consonant

big

bigger

the biggest

Two syllables ending in -y

friendly

friendlier

the friendliest

Long

fascinating

more fascinating

the most fascinating

Irregular

good bad far

better worse farther/ further

best worst the farthest/ furthest

We use a comparative adjective to compare two people, things or concepts. We use than between the two elements we are comparing. Ed is a better driver than Henry. We use a superlative adjective to compare and contrast one element with the rest of the group it belongs to. After the superlative we use: - in when the comparison is with a place or a group of people London is the busiest city in Europe. He’s the cleverest student in the class. - of when the comparison is with similar elements or with a period of time He is the youngest of the three brothers. It was the most beautiful experience of my life. WB p. 4

1

Write the comparative and the superlative form of these adjectives.

1 tall 4 poor 7 difficult 10 brave 2 short 5 beautiful 8 intelligent 11 pretty 3 strong 6 interesting 9 large 12 ugly

1 tall – taller – tallest

2

Complete the sentences with the comparative form of the adjectives in brackets.

1 Tigers run _____________ than dogs. (fast) 2 His watch is _____________ than yours. (cheap) 3 Is Australia _____________ than Germany in summer? (cold) 4 Derek’s science exam was _____________ than his maths exam. (difficult) 5 I think geography is _____________ than history. (interesting) 6 This clown is _____________ than that clown. (funny)

Harry

Bill

1 Harry is richer/more rich than Bill. 2 Harry is handsomest/more handsome than Bill. 3 Bill is a better driver than/as Harry. 4 Harry’s car is most/more expensive than Bill’s. 5 Harry wears more trendy clothes than/that Bill.

4

Write questions with the superlative.

1 which / rich / country / world? Which is the richest country in the world? 2 which / short / day / year? 3 who / handsome / man / world? 4 which / high / mountain / world? 5 who / rich / man / world? 6 which / sad / experience / your life?

5

Write an answer to the questions in exercise 4.

I think Luxembourg is the richest country in the world!

as + adjective + as and less To compare two elements that are equal we use as + adjective + as. The film is as exciting as the book. To compare two elements we can use less + adjective + than or we can also use not as + adjective + as with a similar meaning. Cricket is less popular than football. Cricket is not as popular as football. WB p. 5

6

Compare the north and south of your country, using the prompts.

1 countryside / green 2 weather / cold 3 weather / rainy 4 life / expensive 5 cities / dangerous

13

1


1

Flash on Skills The smallest states Before you read 1

Look at the map. Can you identify the three places marked with flags? Which are their neighbouring countries?

Reading 2

14

Now read the text and match the flags to the countries in exercise 1.


CLIL 3

Read the text again and write the name of the country next to the sentences. 1 It’s the smallest country in Europe. _________ 2 It has got a larger population than Vatican City but a smaller population than Monaco. _________ 3 Its highest mountain is Monte Titano. _________ 4 It hosts a famous sports event each year. _________ 5 It is inside another capital city. _________ 6 It has got its own police force. _________ 7 The people there speak French, Italian and English. _________ 8 It is the oldest republic in the world. _________

6

Reading for specific information When you are reading to find out specific information like numbers or names, there are some techniques which can help you identify the information you need.

The Bahamas

2 The people are friendly. 3 It doesn’t often rain there. 4 It’s a rich country. 5 It’s one of the richest countries in the world. 6 It’s one of the world’s happiest countries. 7 It’s cheaper than the USA.

Writing 7

4

Find these numbers in the text. What do they refer to?

a 33,000 _________ b 1929 _________ c 0.44 _________

Choose one of the countries below and find out some information about it. Make notes under the headings below. Use your notes to write a short fact file about the country. Use the texts in exercise 2 as models.

Andorra

Liechtenstein

d 1600 _________ e 749 _________

Listening

A

Canada

1 It’s a very quiet place.

Underline the numbers or names in the questions to focus on them clearly. Look for clues about the type of information you are looking for: are they written like dates, prices or percentages? Have they got capital letters like proper names? Think of other vocabulary that could be associated with the words. For example, if they look like prices associated words could be ‘money’, ‘cost’, ‘pay’, ‘spend’, etc.

5

1.09 Listen again and complete the chart. (3) (Some may be about both places).

8 It’s a safe country.

STUDY SKILLS

Wales

1.09 Listen to two teenagers talking about their countries. Write the speakers’ names under the photos.

Luxembourg

the location the country’s neighbours its population the language(s) they speak there why it is famous

B

Speaking 8

1

Work in pairs. Prepare some questions to ask your partner to find out about the country he/she chose in exercise 7. Can you guess which country it is? Now swap roles.

15


2

Film Facts: the best and the worst 1

2

That’s Entertainment! Before you read, match the posters in exercise 2 with these descriptions. 1 2

I think it’s a musical. It’s probably an action film.

3 4

I don’t think it’s a romance. It looks like a horror film.

1.10 Now listen and read the text about records in the film industry and check your answers to exercise 1. B

A

D

C

3

Read the statements and write T (true) or F (false), then correct the false statements.

1 2 3 4 5 6

16

The director Peter Jackson won 11 Oscars for the first film in his Lord of the Rings trilogy. The youngest actor to win an Oscar was 12 years old. The most popular type of film with cinema audiences is the horror film. Twilight saga: New Moon sold the highest number of tickets for the first screening of a film, ever. The richest actress in Hollywood is British. King Kong is the film with the most computer generated effects.

___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___

FLASH FORWARD How many words can you find in the text that have to do with the cinema? Write a list. Nouns

director, _______________________

Verbs

________________________________


2

Vocabulary: Types of films 4

1.11 Listen and repeat the names of the the film genres, then complete the table. action film comedy animation war film western musical horror film thriller romance science-fiction film

Title 1 Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull

Type of film film action film

2 Alien 3 Frankenstein 4 Titanic

FUNCTIONS

5 Up

Asking for and giving opinions

6 Dances with Wolves

What did you think of the film? How was the film? Why did you like it? Who was the worst actor in it? What was the best part of the story?

7 Psycho 8 Saving Private Ryan 9 Marley and me 10 School of Rock

5 Add examples of your favourite films to the film genres in exercise 4.

7 Read the questions in the box for asking about people’s opinions. Which of them are subject questions? Underline them. 8

GRAMMAR

1.12 Listen and read the mini-dialogues. Find some of the questions from the Functions box and underline their answers.

Wh- words as subject or object

1 A How was the film Vampire Love? B Oh, I enjoyed it. It was a great love story. A Really? Why did you like it? B It was very moving.

2 A What did you think of American Hero? B I didn’t like it. I don’t like war films, and the actors were terrible! A Really? Who was the worst actor in it? B Err… Tom Hanks, I suppose.

Subject Which film won the most Oscars ever? Who is the richest actress in Hollywood? Object Which type of film do cinema audiences like best? Which actor do critics think is the worst actor in films today? Find other examples in the text of questions where the Wh- word is the subject of the sentence. Underline them.

Say it! 9

6

ead the questions and write S where the R word in bold is the subject, O where it is the object of the sentence.

1 Which horse is winning the race? 2 Which horse do you prefer? 3 Who is Linda in love with? 4 Who is in love with Linda? 5 Who do you sit next to in class? 6 Who sits next to you in class? 7 Whose clothes are lying on the floor? 8 Whose clothes are you washing?

___ S ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___

Work in pairs. Both of you choose a favourite

film. Ask and answer questions to find out your opinions about them. Use the questions from the Functions box.

Write it!

10 Write about the film you chose in exercise 9. Say what it’s about and give your opinion of it. Think about these things.

1 Who was in it? 2 Where was it set?

3 What was it about?

17


2

Why don’t we go to a gig? 1

a go to the cinema b go to theatre

Michael What do you fancy doing tonight, guys? Antonio Shall we go to the cinema or a show or something? What does everybody want to do? Anna Let’s go to the theatre! I want to see The Mousetrap, that famous play by Agatha Christie. Antonio Let’s see what it says in here… (reads): Ah, yes, ‘A fascinating murder mystery… the longest running play in London’. Robyn Yeah, it’s about a hundred years old! I don’t fancy it at all. Why don’t we go to a gig or something? Michael I haven’t got much money this week. I can’t afford to go to a gig. Antonio Well, how about going to see the new Leonardo DiCaprio film? Anna Can I see the cinema page, please, Antonio? Let’s see… films… DiCaprio… it says here: ‘Fascinating thriller. The best film on in London cinemas at the moment. DiCaprio’s best performance in years.’ It sounds good! Robyn I don’t like thrillers and the cinema is really busy at weekends, plus it’s more expensive. How about going to see a musical? You know, something like Phantom of the Opera? I love musicals! Antonio Robyn! Musicals are for girls! Robyn No, they’re not! Michael Listen, why don’t you all come over to my place? We could rent some DVDs and order some pizzas. Staying in is much cheaper than going out!

1.13 Listen and read. What do the friends decide to do?

18

c go to a concert d go to someone’s home

Anna

Yes, alright, but could I bring my friend Liz? She wanted to go out with me tonight. Michael Yes of course you can, no problem. Robyn It’s okay with me Mike but... just one thing... Can we watch Mamma Mia? Antonio Oh, please!

2

Complete these sentences with the friends’ suggestions.

1 Anna would like to go to the ____________ to see a play by _____________ . 2 Antonio fancies seeing a film at the _____________ with _____________ in it. 3 Robyn wants to see a _____________ like _____________ at the theatre. 4 Michael suggests they all come over for _____________ and to watch some _____________ .

3

Write questions for these answers. Use these questions words: what, who, why.

1 It’s a play by Agatha Christie. What is ‘The Mousetrap’? 2 It’s a thriller. 3 Because he hasn’t got much money this week. 4 Because it’s cheaper than going out. 5 She wants to bring her friend, Liz. 6 She wants to watch the DVD of Mamma Mia tonight.

FLASH FORWARD What things can you do in your town at weekends? Make a list. I can go to a concert…


6 What can you do in the places of entertainment in exercise 5? Write a sentence for each place. Use some of the verbs below to help you.

GRAMMAR

can, could and may Could I bring my friend Liz? Can we watch Mamma Mia? May I leave the table, please?

play

What function do these three verbs express? (3) advice

permission

listen to

meet

watch

FUNCTIONS

4

Complete the dialogues with can, could or may.

Making suggestions

1 A Mum, ________ I go out tonight? B Where do you want to go, dear? A To the new bowling place in town. B Well, alright, but you have to be home by half past eleven. A Cool! And er, Mum... ________ I borrow ten pounds please?

What do you fancy doing tonight? Shall we go to the cinema? Let’s go to see The Mousetrap. How about going to see the new Leonardo DiCaprio film? Why don’t we go to a gig?

2 A Excuse me Mrs Greene, ________ I use your phone? Our phone isn’t working this morning. B Yes, of course. Please come in. A And ________ I ask the telephone engineer to call you to say when he’s arriving? B Yes, certainly.

Vocabulary: Places of entertainment 5

1.14 Match the places to the photos, then listen and check.

theatre cinema café club

bowling alley concert hall art gallery museum

have

1 Theatre – You can watch a play or a musical here.

ability

Which example is the most formal? Write F.

see

Yes, good idea!/Great!/Cool! No, I don’t fancy that./No, not today, thanks.

7

Complete these suggestions with one word only.

1 ______ we have a coffee? Shall 2 ________ have some food, I’m hungry. 3 ________ about going to a concert? 4 Why ________ we stay in and watch TV? 5 What ________ seeing the new Robert Pattinson film? 6 How ________ going for a walk in the park? 7 ________ don’t we get married? 8 Yes, ________ get married and go and live in Tahiti.

FLASHPOINT 1 ___________________

2 ___________________

The opposite of go out to is stay in, often followed by a verb in the infinitive form. We’re going out to a gig/a concert/a club/ a football match/the cinema/a café.

3 ___________________

4 ___________________

We’re staying in to watch a DVD/to play computer games/to eat at home/to listen to music.

Say it! 8 5 ___________________

6 ___________________

7 ___________________

8 ___________________

Work in pairs. Make suggestions and replies about what to do tonight. One of you wants to stay in and the other wants to go out. Use the verbs from exercise 6 plus the expressions from the Flashpoint box.

19

2


2

Vocabulary Workshop Entertainment

1 Look at these words from the text on page 16. They are all nouns which come from verbs – which verbs?

1 director 2 actress 3 performance

_____________ _____________ _____________

Word building, nouns Many nouns in English derive from verbs. We add certain endings to the verb to transform it into a noun. Some of the most common noun endings are -or, -er, -ess, -ing, -ation, -ance, -ment.

2

3

When we speak, we often link words together in common colloquial expressions. This means that some of the middle consonants are not pronounced.

7

1 How about going to see the new Twilight film? 2 What about Phantom of the Opera? 3 Why don’t we stay in tonight? 4 What’s on in London tonight?

1.15 below.

STUDY SKILLS

act actor drive driver host hostess cook cooking

Pronunciation: Linking

meditate meditation enter entrance achieve achievement

L ook at the words in the Study Skills box. Which are for professions and which are abstract nouns? Write P or A next to them.

8

1.16 Read these sentences and underline the linked words, then listen, check your answers and repeat.

win

amaze

We often do not express exactly what we mean, especially in informal conversations among friends. We use vague expressions and expect the listener to understand and `fill in the gaps’. The most common phrases are:

produce

Types of films

4 Look at these words for types of films. Which nouns come from verbs? Write a list.

or something

1 2 3 4 5

theatre club café concert hall bowling alley

A B

C D

20

E

and that

9 Write what you think the speaker means in the underlined phrases in these sentences.

Places of entertainment Match these things with the places.

and stuff

She said she had homework to do, or something. (something: revision, piano practice, studying...)

5 Write any nouns and adjectives you know related to each type of film. comedy – funny, comic, laugh, humour

and things

Why don’t you come to my place for coffee and stuff? (stuff: tea, biscuits, to listen to music, chat…)

action film comedy animation war film western musical horror film thriller romance science fiction film

6

1 Oh my God, I don’t believe it! 2 What do you fancy doing? 3 Hi, Anna, how are you? 4 Oh, I don’t know.

Spoken English

Find the nouns from these verbs. nominate

Listen and repeat the sentences

1 Shall we go to a cinema or something? 2 We could listen to music and things. 3 He likes books about travel and stuff. 4 Mandy really likes music, rock, rap and that. 5 We could buy Dad a DVD or something for his birthday.


Flash on Grammar Wh- words as subject or object

3

When interrogative pronouns like who and what are the subject of the sentence, we do not use the auxiliaries do/does/did and it is not necessary to invert the subject and the verb. Who drives this car? What kind of tree is that? When these interrogative pronouns are the object of the sentence, we must use the auxiliaries. Who do you go out with on Saturday? What newspaper does your father read? WB p. 12

1

Reorder the words to make correct questions.

1 car / whose / that noise / is / making? 2 does / jacket / fit / who / this? 3 your brother / is / doing / what? 4 colour / which / want / you / do? 5 that pretty / girl / is / who / with / red hair? 6 finish / when / you / school / on Fridays / do?

2

C  hoose the correct alternative in each pair of questions.

1 a Who runs the fastest? b Who does run the fastest? 2 a Which type of music do you listen to? b Which type of music listen you to?

Complete the sentences with can or could, may.

1 Excuse me Sir, _______ I use your pen please? 2 Mum, _______ I go to Tina’s party on Saturday? 3 Mrs Jones, _______ I use your washing machine please? Mine is broken. 4 _______ we sit down now? I’m really tired. 5 _______ I leave the classroom for a minute please, Sir? 6 _______ I have a day or two to think about the company’s offer?

4

Translate these phrases into your own

language.

1 Could I leave before the end of the lesson? _________________________________________ 2 Could you ask him to come on Saturday, not Thursday? _________________________________________ 3 Can we watch the DVD with you? _________________________________________ 4 Can I change the channel on the TV? _________________________________________ 5 May I borrow your pen, please? _________________________________________ 6 Can I finish the dessert? _________________________________________

Suggestions

3 a Which pizza tastes best? b Which pizza does taste best?

To make a suggestion we use:

4 a What does make you angry? b What makes you angry?

Let’s…/Why don’t you…?/Shall we…? followed by the base form of the verb. Why don’t you all come over to my place?

5 a Which clothes prefer you? b Which clothes do you prefer?

How about…?/What about…? followed by a noun or the -ing form of the verb. How about a pizza? What about getting some pizzas?

Permission and requests: can, could, may We use the modal verbs can, could and may to ask for or give permission to do something. Could and may are used in formal contexts or to make very polite requests. Can we sit here, Kate? Could my mother sit here, please? May I sit here, Madam? WB p. 13

5

Complete these suggestions.

1 Why _____________ we buy tickets for the concert? 2 _____________ we go to the cinema? 3 How _____________ meeting at nine o’clock outside the cinema? 4 _____________ go to see the new Twilight film. 5 What _____________ going for a drink first? 6 _____________ don’t we go to Soft Rock Café?

21

2


2

Flash on Skills The Importance of being Earnest Before you read

1 The Importance of being Earnest (1895) is a comedy by Oscar Wilde. The title contains a play on words on the name Earnest which gives a clue about the plot. Can you guess what it is? Use a dictionary to help you. 2 Now read the plot summary and match the photos to paragraphs 1-4. the photos to paragraphs 1-4. A

B

The plot 1

Jack is a rich man. He’s got a big house in the

country and another in London. His life in the country is boring and to make things more exciting he invents an alter ego, Earnest, for his life in the city.

C

2

D 3

4

Reading

Jack meets Gwendolen, his best friend

Algernon’s cousin. At the same time, Algernon falls in love with Cecily, Jack’s niece. Jack (as his alter ego Earnest) asks Gwendolen to marry him. She agrees to marry him, because she loves the name Earnest! Gwendolen’s mother, Lady Bracknell, interviews Jack. She wants to make sure ‘Earnest’ is the right man for her daughter – rich and aristocratic!

1.17 Read and listen to the scene from The Importance of Being Earnest where Lady Bracknell 3 interviews Jack. Underline the five questions she asks him.

22


Literature 4 Read the extract again and underline Jack’s answers to Lady Bracknell’s questions. What things do they talk about? (3) love money

property smoking

1.18 Listen again. What do the speakers 8 say about the name a) ‘Ernest’ and the name b) ‘Jack’? Complete the lines from the play.

2

interests jobs

5 Choose the correct answer.

1 Lady Bracknell is worried because... a she doesn’t know Jack. b her friend Lady Bolton doesn’t know Jack. c she knows Jack very well.

2 When he says that he smokes Jack feels… a embarrassed. b indifferent. c ill.

3 Lady Bracknell thinks that Jack’s income is… a enough. b not enough. c too much.

4 She thinks the address of Jack’s house in London is... a an advantage. b a disadvantage. c something she needs to change.

6 The author uses irony to ridicule the values of his characters. Look at the text. What are his opinions about these thing? the upper classes and work the upper classes and education the upper classes and where they live

STUDY SKILLS

Listening for gist (1) To understand the general sense of a conversation, think about the speakers. Focus on any additional information you know about them, for example: How many speakers are there? Where are they? Is there any background noise or sound effects? What is their relationship (friends, family)? What emotion can you hear in their voices? Do their emotions change during the conversation?

Listening

1.18 Listen to another dialogue from the 7 play and answer the questions.

1 How many speakers are there? 2 What is their relationship? 3 What emotion can you hear in their voices? 4 Do their emotions change during the conversation?

9 Answer the questions.

1 What does Gwendolen think her lover’s name is? 2 Why does she prefer that name? 3 What adjective does she use to describe the men she knows called Jack? What do you think it means ? (3) not attractive beautiful intelligent 4 What does Jack want to do immediately? 5 What do you think the word ‘christened’ means? (3) When a person changes his clothes. When a baby is given a name in church. When a person dies.

Speaking

1 0 Work in pairs. Do you think Jack is a good candidate to become Gwendolen’s husband? Talk about his position, background and abilities. A I think he comes from the right background because he’s rich. B Yes, but we don’t have any information about his family. A That’s not important because he loves Gwendolen.

11 Student A, imagine you are Lady Bracknell and interview student B who is another candidate to become Gwendolen’s husband. Think about the questions you want to ask the candidate about his position, background and abilities. Is he a suitable candidate? Why/Why not?

Writing

12 Write out the dialogue you invented from exercise 11. Remember the text is part of a play. Use the same layout as the extract in exercise 3.

23


1 2

Flashback GRAMMAR

Comparatives and superlatives

1

Underline the correct answer.

0 She is my better/best friend. 1 The Spanish are the friendliest/more friendly people in Europe! 2 Which is the bigger/biggest building in the world? 3 Laura is tallest/the tallest pupil in the class. 4 New York is the more/most beautiful city in the world. 5 Moscow is one of the coldest/coldest cities in Europe. 6 The band plays the cooler/coolest music. You must listen to them. 6

2

Complete the gaps with one, two or three words.

10

3

Complete the following sentences with the correct form of good, bad and far. better than my German. (good) 0 My English is _______ 1 The weather is getting ____________ every day. It’s really cold. (bad) 2 South Africa is ____________ from Italy than Denmark. (far) 3 She is the ____________ singer in the class. She’s wonderful. (good) 4 I got my ____________ exam results in maths. They were very bad. (bad) 4

24

Complete with the correct word.

0 Luke is the _________ cleverest student in the class. (clever) 1 Berlin is the _______ city in the world. (exciting) 2 Edinburgh is ________ from London than Cambridge. (far) 3 He is the ________ chess player in the class. He’s a champion! (good) 4 Sally got her ________ exam results today. She’s a bit worried. (bad) 5 Susan is the ________ girl I know. (beautiful) 6 This exercise is ________ than the last one. (difficult) 7 She is ____________ now because she’s found a great job. (stressed) 7

Wh- words as subject or object

5

less popular than football. Only a 0 Rugby is ____________ few countries play it. (popular) 1 Stephen is ____________ Richard. (rich) 2 Maria ____________ Laura. (tall) 3 Are the Danes ____________ than the Swedes? (happy) 4 France is ____________ than Holland. (beautiful) 5 The Smiths are not ____________ as the Joneses. (happy) 6 She is not as ____________ her sister. (content) 7 I am not ____________ at the weekend as I am on Monday. (stressed) 8 English ____________ than Chinese. People learn it quickly. (easy) 9 Life in big cities is not ____________ than life in the country. (healthy) 10 Dogs ____________ cats. They understand people very well. (clever)

4

Complete with who, which and whose and the correct verb.

0 ______ Which type of music ____ do you prefer? 1 ________ sport ________ you like best? 2 ________ your favourite sport? 3 ________ the shopping in your house? 4 ________ running in the race today? 5 ________ you look like, your mum or your dad? 6 ________ shoes ________ these? 6

can, could and may

6

Complete the dialogues with can or may.

1 A Hey, John, (0) ____ can you play the guitar? B Yeah, and the drums. A (1) ____ I ask you a big, big favour? B Yeah, of course you can. A (2) ____ you play a song at my birthday party? B Yeah, of course I (3) ____ . 2 A Hey, (4) ____ I ask you a question? B Yeah, of course you (5) ____ . A Do you love me? B Sorry, darling. I (6) ____ tell you. It’s a secret… 3 A Excuse me, Professor Jones. (7) ____ I speak to you, please? B Yes, of course. Come in. A (8) ____ I sit down? B You (9) ____ . Now, what (10) ____ I do for you?

Say which dialogues are formal (F) or Informal (I).

1 __________

2 __________

3 __________ 13


Flashback Round up!

Places of entertainment

7

Choose the correct word or words: a, b or c.

10 Complete the sentences.

the most beautiful city in Europe. 0 Paris is _________ a more b most c the most 1 ________ the most dangerous city in the world? a Who is b Which is c Where does 2 Are Canadians _________ people on earth? a more happy b most happiest c the happiest 3 I think Mexico city is _________ than Lisbon. a more danger b dangerous c more dangerous 4 Roberto is the _________ boy in the class. a funnier b most funny c funniest 5 You’re not cleverer _________ me! a than b that c as 6 _________ books are these, are they yours? a Whose b Which c Who 7 _________ you like most in your class? a Which b Whose are c Who do 8 _________ teaches you English? a Who is b Who c Who does

8

VOCABULARY

Places in town and country

8

Complete the words about the city and the country.

0 sw_i m __ 6 fa_ _ m _i _ n _ p_ g o _l o 1 ch_ _ _ _ 7 wo_ _ 2 b_ _k 8 br_ _ _e 3 re_ _ _ _ _ _ _t 9 h_ _ge 4 ro_ _ _ _ _ _ _t 10 f_ _ _d 5 ho_ _ _ _ _l 11 l_ _e 11

Types of films

9

watch plays at the _______ theatre . watch films at the ____________ . go bowling at the ____________ . listen to music at the ____________ . see paintings at the ____________ . see old things at the ____________ . have a coffee at the ____________ . dance and drink at the ____________ . 7

FUNCTIONS

Asking for and giving opinions

11 Complete the dialogue with the words given. better brilliant why cool like how hottest where what best think

Where did you go on Saturday? A (0) _______ B We went to the Pink Bananas, with Mike. A Pink Bananas? Who or (1) _______ are they? B They’re a rock band. The (2) _______ band playing today. A Really? (3) _______ was it, were they any good? B They were really (4) _______ . A But (5) _______ do you like them? B Well, they’ve got the most (6) _______ guitarist. A Do you think he’s (7) _______ than Eric Clapton? B No, he’s not as good as Clapton but I think he’s one of the (8) _______ in the world. A And what about Mike, did he like it? B No, he doesn’t (9) _______ their music. But I (10) _______ he’s wrong. 10

Making suggestions

What kind of film is it?

12 Choose the correct word.

action film comedy animation war film western musical horror film thriller romance science fiction film

0 We 1 We 2 We 3 We 4 We 5 We 6 We 7 We

0 It’s got guns and cowboys in it. _________ western 1 It’s got lots of songs and dancing. _________ 2 It’s got monsters in it, like Frankenstein. _________ 3 Toy Story and Shrek are good examples of these. _________ 4 There’s a lot of suspense. _________ 5 People fall in and out of love. _________ 6 There are car chases. _________ 7 You laugh or smile a lot. _________ 8 Countries fight and men kill. _________ 9 It is about other planets or the future. _________ 9

A What do you (0) fancy/like doing tonight? B I don’t know. (1) Let’s/Shall we go to a pub? A I’m not sure. (2) Why not/Let’s go to a disco! B I don’t fancy dancing. (3) How/Which about going to see a movie? A Yeah, OK. (4) Shall/Why don’t we go and see the new vampire film? B Oh, no, I don’t (5) go/fancy another stupid vampire film. A OK, OK, so you don’t (6) fancy/want to see more vampires in love… B No. We (7) may/could just stay home! A Yeah, let’s chill out. (8) Shall/Let’s do nothing. B Yeah, I really fancy (9) do/doing nothing. Cool! 9 Total:

100

25

1 2


3

Dreams Can Come True...

1

Look at the pictures in the article. Match them to the descriptions.

1 2 3

2

3

Only one of these statements is correct. Underline it then correct the other false statements.

photographing wildlife cooking in the galley kitchen sailing the boat alone

1.19 Listen and read the article. Mark Erika’s route on the map.

1 Erika wants to be the first person to sail round the world. 2 Her dad’s name is Harry. 3 Erika’s birthday is on August the 10th. 4 Her friends think she is lucky. 5 She is studying sport. 6 She’s got an exam next week.

4

Look at the answers then write the questions.

1 His name is Harry. What’s Erika’s boyfriend’s name? 2 16. 3 It’s on July the 8th. 4 They love sailing. 5 Sports management.

FLASH FORWARD Write questions to ask Erika about her life. Ask her about school, family, friends, hobbies, the voyage. Imagine her replies and write her answers.

26

A

Diary of a tenacious teen

Vocabulary: Prepositions of movement 5

1.20 Match the prepositions to the pictures, then listen and check your answers.

across

through

into

over

down

out of

around

up

1 _________

2 _________

3 _________

4 _________

5 _________

6 _________

7 _________

8 _________

FLASHPOINT The horses ran through the forest/the town/the water. (you cross something by going into it at one point and coming out at another point) The child ran across the road/the park/the bridge. (you cross something with clear limits by going from one part to another)


3 FLASHPOINT B

We use want to followed by a verb to talk about intentions, desires or future plans. He wants to study medicine. They wants to stay with us this summer.

7 C

Complete the dialogue with the correct form of these verbs. set off

plan

take

want

A Where are you going tomorrow, Stella? B I _____________ to go surfing at Echo Beach. A Cool! What time are you leaving? B We _____________ from my house at about 9 o’clock. A Oh, is someone taking you? B Yes, my friend Brad and his brother, Nick. A What _____________ you _____________ with you? B Well, my surfboard and swimming costume and we _____________ to have a picnic there, so I’m taking some sandwiches and stuff.

Write it! 8

Write your plans for this week on the diary page. Use the verbs below or your ideas. stay home play football go to a party meet friends visit relatives go to the cinema go for a pizza go to the dentist see the doctor go out

GRAMMAR

Present continuous for future plans Erika is setting off next week. I’m having a birthday party on Saturday. They’re not coming, they’re staying home. We can use the Present continuous to talk about future plans or arrangements. Find more examples of this use of the Present continuous in the text. Underline them.

6

Complete the sentences about the Rogers family’s plans for next week.

1 (John go) _____________ to the doctor’s on Wednesday evening. 2 (Mary go) _____________ to the party on Saturday. 3 (We not play) _____________ football on Sunday. 4 (They go out) _____________ on Friday? 5 (She not meet) _____________ her boyfriend on Wednesday. 6 (He not go) _____________ to a concert on Friday. 7 (You leave) _____________ for London on Saturday?

I’m going to stay home.

Say it! 9

Use your sentences to talk to your partner about your plans for the next few days.

A Where are you going on Saturday, Robert? B Well, I want to go to the market in town.

27


3

What are you going to do? 1

Anna Antonio Anna Antonio Anna Antonio Anna Antonio

Anna Antonio

1.21 Listen and read. Antonio changes his plans for tonight: what does he decide to do?

Anna

Antonio

Anna Antonio

Anna

Antonio Anna

Antonio

28

So, what are you going to do, Antonio? I’m watching the match at Michael’s place. No, not tonight. I mean in the future – work, study... I’m not sure. First, I’m going to do my ‘A’ levels... Yeah? What subjects are you studying? French, history, maths and English. So why are you doing the summer film course at the LAC now? Do you want to get into films? I don’t know yet but I’m not going to be a businessman, like my dad. I want to do something creative. Are you going to stay in Liverpool? No, I intend to move away from home, apply to a design college in London. Liverpool’s great but I think life in London is more exciting, more stimulating. What about you? I’m going to study acting – at the LAC I hope! My dream is to be an actress. Yeah? Well, you’re certainly pretty… and you’re talented. Do you think so? Yes, I do. By the way, err… Are you doing anything tonight? Em, no, nothing really. I’m just going to wash my hair and chill out, probably. Why? Well, … why don’t we go out? But you’re going to watch the match with Michael… Oh, it’s no big deal, really. There’s this great band on in Clapham…

2

Read the statements and write T (true) or F (false), then correct the false statements.

Antonio... 1 wants to watch football tonight. 2 is staying in tonight. 3 wants to start a job after school. 4 doesn’t like Liverpool.

Anna… 5 wants to be a doctor. ___ 6 is staying in tonight. ___ 7 doesn’t want to go out with Antonio. ___

___ ___ ___ ___

FLASH FORWARD Which of these things are you planning to do after you finish school? Write sentences – which of your plans are certain? take a gap year go to university find a job get married


3

Vocabulary: School subjects 3

FUNCTIONS

Talking about intentions

1.22 In which school subjects do you learn these things? Write the names, then listen and check.

So, what are you going to do, Antonio? I’m not sure. First, I’m going to do my ‘A’ levels. I want to do something creative. I intend to move away from home.

history biology physical education geography physics English art computer studies

1 How to use computers: 2 How to keep fit: 3 How to draw and paint: 4 About the language used in the UK: 5 About important events in the past: 6 How the world works: 7 How your body works: 8 About other countries:

_____________ _____________ _____________

4

Can you write definitions for these school subjects?

6

_____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________

maths religious education French social studies

Say it!

1 _________________________________________ 2 _________________________________________ 3 _________________________________________ 4 _________________________________________

GRAMMAR

Practise this dialogue with a partner then repeat it changing the words in blue to make new dialogues. Use the suggestions below or your own ideas. teacher hairdresser engineer scientist historian translator

salesman architect

A Which subjects are you doing next year? B Physics, biology and chemistry. A Why? What are you going to study after school? B I’m going to study medicine. I intend to be a doctor.

Write it! 7

What do you want to do after you leave school? Write a paragraph about your intentions for the future. Use be going to, intend and want.

be going to for future intentions I’m going to watch the match. I’m not going to be a businessman. Are you going to stay in Liverpool? We use be going to + verb to talk about our future intentions. Find other examples of be going to in the dialogue. Underline them.

5

Write sentences from these prompts with be going to.

1 she / wash / hair She is going to wash her hair. 2 she / invite / Michael / to the party 3 he / be / a footballer 4 they / play computer games 5 I / learn / to paint 6 she / be / a doctor 7 they / study / music

I’m going to be a doctor; I intend to travel around the world and work in different places. I’m going to fall in love and get married. I want to have three children...

29


3

Vocabulary Workshop Prepositions of movement

School subjects

1

4

Match the prepositions with the photos. 1

through 2

down 3

A

over

history biology physical education geography physics religious education maths chemistry English computer studies French social studies

B

C

2

across 4

Write the subjects in the correct groups. Add any others you know.

Art & Social sciences

D

Other

Which of these are prepositions of movement and which are prepositions of place? Write them in the correct groups. Which of them can you write in both groups?

across opposite through between into in front of over down out of in on around near up under next to behind at

Prepositions of movement across

Both

Prepositions of place

Pronunciation: /I/ and /i…/ The short /I/ sound is represented by the letters i and y, while the long /i…/ sound is represented in a variety of ways (ee, ea, e).

5

STUDY SKILLS

Categorising words Categorising words into groups is a useful way of remembering them. You can use tables, columns or sets to categorise them. Remember in some cases words can belong to more than one group.

3

Complete the sentences with the correct prepositions.

1 The bear ran _______ the forest, the hunter close behind him. 2 Can you go _______ the stairs and get my bag, please dear? 3 The people came _______ the theatre slowly, talking about the amazing musical. 4 You have to go _______ that bridge to get to the other side of the river. 5 We drove _______ the town for hours but we didn’t find our cat. 6 The motorway goes _______ the railway lines near the station.

30

Sciences

6

1.23 Listen and repeat the words.

\I\

\i…\

ship, trip, chip, live ___________________ ___________________

sheep, leave, cheap ___________________ ___________________

1.24 Say these words and add them to the chart in exercise 5. Then listen and check your answers.

business rocket she children need complete planet think kids big thirteen this sixteen sit million cheap see holiday kiss even week pick fit feet seat

7

1.25 Underline all the /I/ sounds in this tongue twister. Circle the /i…/ sounds, then listen and practise saying it!

Two millionaire businesswomen with big families of sixteen children think it is difficult and they need a cheap trip and a little holiday in Italy.


Flash on Grammar Present continuous for future plans

be going to for future intentions

We use the Present continuous to talk about future actions that are already decided and arranged.

We use be going to + base form of the verb to talk about future intentions and plans.

- Tomorrow we’re going to Spain. We booked last month. We’re leaving on the morning flight. - Are you staying in Barcelona? - No, we’re driving to Malaga straight from the airport. We decided to hire a car.

I’m going to be an actress. She’s going to study history at Bristol University.

In this case the Present continuous is often accompanied with future time expressions like tomorrow, next week, on Monday, this evening, next summer, at the weekend. WB p. 20

1

Complete the sentences with the correct form of the Present continuous, then underline the future time expressions.

3

WB p. 20

4

Write sentences using the prompts.

1 I / go / drive / a fast car I’m going to drive a fast car. 2 I / go / on a trip / around the world 3 you / make / lots of money 4 she / have / a good job 5 they / get / married 6 she / live / in the country

5

Read the sentences and decide whether they describe future plans which are certain, or intentions. Write P or I, then underline the correct form of the verb.

1 Robyn is being/is going to be a doctor. ___ I 2 I am studying/am going to study in the USA. ___ 3 What time is your bus leaving/going to leave the station? ___ 4 Are you going to do/doing anything tonight? ___ 5 I can’t see you this afternoon. I’m seeing/going to see my dentist at 6. ___ 6 Thanks, but I can’t come to the party on Saturday – I’m going to go/going to a concert. I got the tickets yesterday. ___

1 Michael ___________ (play) football is playing on Saturday. 2 Antonio _____________ (meet) Anna on Friday evening. 3 Anna _____________ (go) Paris at the weekend. 4 We _____________ (not have) an English test at school on Monday. 5 They _____________ (swim) in the school team in the competition this afternoon. 6 She _____________ (not go out) with her boyfriend tonight. 7 I _____________ (stay) at home this evening to watch a DVD.

2

Make questions using the prompts.

1 what / Robyn / do / on Saturday? What is Robyn doing on Saturday? 2 what / we / do / in August? 3 where / Anna / go / at the weekend? 4 when / we / go / to Scotland? 5 what time / we / set off / for the aeroport? 6 what / they / do / at Christmas? 7 why / you / go / to London / in the winter?

3

Read the questions and write six sentences about your intentions.

Intv. Bessie

1 What are you doing this weekend? (x2) 2 Where are you going in the summer? (x2) 3 When are you seeing your friends? (x2)

Intv.

6

Complete the interview with the young singer Bessie Shears. Use the Present continuous or be going to.

Intv. Bessie Intv. Bessie

Bessie

Are you going to live in the country or the city? (1) _____________ (live) in the country. (2) _____________ (buy) a big house? No, I’m not. I (3) _____________ (live) in a little cottage. I see. Are you (4) _____________ (get) married? Not yet! I’m only 17! I’ve got school. I’m (5) _____________ (take) my final exams in May. Are you (6) _____________ (do) any concerts soon? Yes, in the summer. We (7) _____________ (start) in Barcelona on August the 3rd and then we (8) _____________ (do) two concerts in Portugal. We (9) _____________ (visit) 25 countries altogether. And then I (10) _____________ (have) a holiday!

31


3

Flash on Skills Education matters Before you read 1

How much do you know about the school system in Britain? Can you complete the facts in the Did you know? box?

Did you know? Many (1) _______ schools in Britain in the past were single-sex only. Research showed that teenage boys and girls performed (2) _______ at school in separate classes. In recent times schools have opted for mixed-sex education, so that everybody has equal opportunities. The school day in Britain usually lasts from (3) _______ o’clock until half past three, and children don’t go to school on (4) _______ . The summer holidays are quite short in Britain compared to other European countries just (5) _______ weeks. However pupils also get (6) _______ weeks at Christmas, two weeks at Easter and a week at half-term during each of the three terms in the school year.

2

1.26 Now listen and check your answers.

Reading 3

Read the text and complete the table about the types of school. Type of school nursery school primary school secondary school sixth form college

32

Age of child


Culture 4

Answer the questions.

1 What is a ‘sixth form college’? 2 Do children take an entrance exam before starting Secondary school in Britain? 3 How old are British students when they take the national exams in Secondary school? 4 What is the difference between an independent school and a public school? 5 Which subjects are compulsory now for all pupils in British Secondary schools?

Speaking 5

Work in pairs. Student A, look at the typical British school timetable on your right. Student B, close your book and ask your partner questions to find out about the differences between your timetable and the British one. B What subject have these students got first lesson on Mondays? A Design and Technology but before that they’ve got Registration and Assembly.

7

STUDY SKILLS

Listening for gist (2) When you are listening for the general sense of dialogue or speech there are some characteristics about the speaker which can help your comprehension. Is the speaker giving a personal opinion or relating information? Does he/she use phrases like I think…, In my opinion…, I feel that…? Does the speaker sound sure of what he/she is saying? Does he/she hesitate, repeat things, or say the same things again in a different way? What emotion can you hear in the speaker’s voice? Does he/she sound happy, angry, worried? What’s his/her attitude to the subject?

Listening 6

1.27 Some families think that their children can learn more at home with the help of their parents. In the UK home-schooling is permitted as an alternative to education in school. Listen to a British boy talking about his experience of home-schooling. Does he like it or not? How do you know?

1.27 Listen again. Read the statements and write T (true) or F (false), then correct the false statements. 1 The boy’s parents think home-schooling is more relevant to real life than formal school education. 2 His lessons often develop from everyday activities in the home. 3 His mum used cooking to teach him some biology. 4 The boy learns about nature from encyclopedias. 5 His maths and English lessons come from television programmes. 6 His mum finds extra activities for him on internet home-schooling websites.

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Writing 8

Work in small groups. How does the education system work in your country? Write a paragraph explaining it. Try to answer these questions. What different types of school are there in the system? How old are pupils when they start the different schools? Are there any private schools? How are they different from state schools? Which subjects are compulsory for all students? How old are students when they take the national exams?

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3

PreIntermediate_SB