Your Independent Community Magazine Penrith and areas of the Eden Valley
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The Best Record a Radio Station could play A66 Northern Trans-Pennine Project Consultation The Memoirs of a Cumbrian Farmer 1851-1917 Red Squirrel Awareness Week 20th - 26th September The Deer of the Eden Valley
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Cumbrian Local Publications • Issue No.1 174 • Distribution up to 15,500 Doors
en op ow
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Newton House Now Open Page 2 Introduction Pages 4 to 6 The Best Record a Radio Station could play (Part 1) Page 8 North Lakes Hotel and Spa Wedding Open Weekend Page 9 The Memoirs of a Cumbrian Farmer 1851-1917 Pages 10 & 11 Eden Local Autumn Update Page 12 Stan Sherlock Associates Ltd - Financial Planning Consultants Page 13 u3a Penrith and North Lakes Page 14 Cumbrian Oak Massive Sale Now on Page 15 The Best Record a Radio Station could play (Part 2) Pages 16 & 17 Pam’s Flower Power September – Aster Pages 18 & 19 Are you recruiting new workers or applying for jobs? Pages 20 - 21 Woodland Word Search Sponsored By Quinn HR Page 21 A66 Northern Trans-Pennine project consultation Pages 22 - 23 Season of Mist by Karen Roberts Pages 24 - 25 Last minute news with Penrith Town News & Media Page 26 Create your own Black gold from garden & food waste Page 27 Red Squirrel Awareness Week 20th to 26th September 2021 Page 27 Meet the Musgraves by Sydney Chapman Pages 28 - 29 The Deer of the Eden Valley by Charles Smith-Jones Pages 30 - 31 Beating Conservatory Conversion Prices down Back Cover
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Eden FM Notice: Eden Local prints various articles, features, and advertisements. Although these appear in Eden FM, any opinions expressed are the opinion of the author, these are not necessarily the opinion of the publisher. ©Copyright Eden Local 2020. The contents of this publication are written specifically for our readers, no part may be reproduced elsewhere without express and prior permission.
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Welcome to your September edition of Eden Local We can count the minutes and the seconds, and from the time I started writing this opening (at 6:00am) to your September Eden Local, our 174th Cumbrian Local publication in the series, to the time you reach the final line, so much would have happened in the world around us. As a dyslexic it will take me about 2 hours to write.
I go to bed and get up after maybe three or four hours’ sleep, but not today!
So often when I get to this stage of writing the magazine, with so many good ideas leading to this stage, I’ve found myself on rushing to get finished to get it to print, but I can’t be hurried when I’m writing – not today. So often I have been stuck on the phone in between trying to write this opening piece, which then fills my head with distraction; but not today. My worse scenario is looking at the clock and it says 4:00 am, and after two to three very busy days of collating the magazine, I finally have to write this opening editorial, however, with tired eyes, a tired body and dawn appearing, I then switch off the lights,
Every month seems to be busy. Much of this year I’ve been measuring and reflecting on where we are as a family, on the businesses as a magazine, as a business consultancy incorporating Quinn HR and of course as a volunteer and not for profit organisation. How over stretched we all seemed to be before COVID, to being forcibly told to stop, and now we are carrying on dealing with something and face the acceptance that COVID is still here, but we have a new adapting normality of living with COVID, and as always, as a fact of life, we cannot impact on much of watch happens outside and for many, inside our own door.
To help me remember things, and I’m sure I have mentioned it before, I have kept a daily diary for most of my life since I was 16. When I got into my twenties, I started to keep a log of events and activities - basically anything really. The Diary and the Log sit side by side on my desk at home every day, and they attend every meeting with me, which means I have more than a few boxes full of these records in my office and my loft, which has progressed over the years to a staircase in my office into the loft.
An invitation to ladies who like to LUNCH, LISTEN and CHAT!! After such a long break, Penrith Ladies’ Luncheon Club is looking forward to resuming its meetings at The George Hotel, Penrith, during the autumn/winter months. This is an opportunity to re-kindle friendships and make new ones! The programme includes presentations by experts on a wide range of topics. Beginning with ‘Circles of Stone- Life in Cumbria 5,000 years ago.’ (9th Sept) ; ‘Celebrating William and Dorothy Wordsworth’ (7th Oct) . For the full programme and further information contact Dinah tel: 01768 863917 / E mail:firstname.lastname@example.org Do join us! 4
As we bank every day, can we really have a refreshed impact on tomorrow? I am writing this opening introduction on an August Bank Holiday Monday. As a Bank Holiday weekend, on the Saturday I woke up after 10 hours of sleep. Most of us feel so much better after a good night sleep, but later that day I was still very tired by the afternoon. That Saturday morning, 28th August 2021, I woke up after a very extraordinary experience. Was it because I had a bath on a Friday night? I never have baths on a Friday night, however, there was a reason why I’d stepped out of a routine. Was it the experience of exposing my feet for more than 2 minutes since 06.30 Wednesday 25th August only to change socks since that time? I left the house just after 7.15 that Wednesday with boxes containing over 1000 CDs, computers, and a small case with a change of clothes, as if off on a mini break for a few days, and food as if I was going camping, but I didn’t have any outdoor clothing. The removal of my socks and feet unveiled at 9pm on Friday 27th when I returned home after what was like a mini expedition that was less that 5 minutes from home, I was greeted with the bath’s ready! Was it another one of my crazy ideas, like let’s start a magazine, let’s have a radio station, let’s have a Monopoly board game for Penrith Town and Eden Valley, or was it let’s have a Town Council for Penrith, just in case one day the District Council and County Council are replaced by a Unitary Authority – no!?
was elated, I was exhausted, and I was also falling asleep eating my dinner, and eventually I was in bed asleep by 10.00 or 10.30pm - I can’t actually remember! Waking up on the Saturday morning, I had a proud sense of achievement for the Eden FM Community Radio Team, especially when I looked at the overnight activity of postings on the social media pages. An idea registered on 27th July had now been fully launched. It may transpire to be something much bigger than a localised event or story, as it has the potential to a make it to a worldwide stage and platform, seen more recently during the Olympics as new world records were set. This story is our main feature on pages 8, 16 and 17. As that Saturday continued, it was to be a relaxing day, with no daughters at home, as our youngest was at Leeds for her first main Festival. The plans were a walk into town to our favourite Bistro of many years for Eggs Benedict with either salmon or bacon, with a sough dough roll, which Henry will probably know without having to be asked. Then maybe a proper walk and fresh air, until of course we had a call from Leeds, which related to a torn ligament in her right foot, which meant we arrived at Pontefract Urgent Treatment Centre at 2.30pm, returning with our daughter around 8.30pm. So, as we say you couldn’t predict or write it, while that’s the beauty of being able to do this magazine every month. We have had some hard times like many others, but with a university offer in the house and a degree finally passed, it’s another chapter in the Quinn household. After taking delivery of the August magazine and having a period of some shortages in distribution teams, I did find myself returning to Hackthorpe, Lowther and Askham to help out with Eden Local deliveries this month. To sustain our winter deliveries, I once again appeal to people in the community, it could be you, to
It was nothing as crazy as any of those above as I arrived home on the Friday night, although when I put this idea to the senior team at Eden FM, we did laugh at first, and then there were some worried faces, especially when they realised I was quite serious about it. That Friday night I 5
Firstly, a huge thank you to Kathy at the radio for the task we recently undertook and completed, and the task we are now focused on. Secondly, thank you to the members who have been ‘rocks’ in this project that Eden FM have embarked on, and being there all the time - Pam, Steve and Martin. That was just a part of the collective group involved, with other members, along with businesses, friends and people just dropping into the studios, some of them joining the team soon, I think. Thank you to everyone for your support with your community radio.
come forward to help with deliveries of the Eden Local magazines to keep it going through almost 16,000 doors every month. A busy August it has been, but myself and Mrs Q did manage to get 3 days off on the Northumberland coast midAugust at Seahouses for some nice walks and even an afternoon lying on the beach, which was a much needed break. Meanwhile, the people of Castletown and Townhead in Penrith West get to vote for a new district councillor on 30th September to assist with the transition to devolution. Whilst a few of you know how much I enjoy knocking on doors, which I have done a number of times in Castletown and in parts of Townhead over the years, Penrith West is the home of the leader of the District Council who resides in this ward.
In this month’s magazine, we have some new businesses to welcome. I have some thanks to reiterate to those consistently supporting us every month. Thanks to all our voluntary writers. If you weren’t blown away by the front cover, wait until you read the article from the British Deer Society written by Charles Smith- Jones. These articles continually show how we have reached out to so many groups with our wildlife section.
I’ll be sitting this one out, much to the relief for my wife, and I cannot afford to be off Eden FM Radio (due to Purdah rules). But I can, like you reflect on just how green the policies are and just how green the implementation of these has been for us in Penrith. From my experience in knocking on doors for many years, for so many voters it comes down to making sure household rubbish is collected. As to how much is recycled and where does it go and has it improved, who knows? Are our streets cleaner, do we have dual rubbish bins in the town for rubbish and recycling? Are our public toilets solar powered and fed by water from the roof tops? Is there an electric changing point at the Town Hall or at Mansion house? Well, I don’t honestly know.
Meanwhile, I’ll be back with the Eden Local team in October, as many of us start to get organised for winter with getting the chimney swept and ordering logs. In the meteorological calendar, the first day of autumn is always 1st September; ending on 30th November. The Astronomical first day of autumn is defined by the Earth’s axis and orbit around the Sun which begins 22nd September 2021 and ends on 21st December 2021. Confused? Well, we’ll just let the trees decide! We’ll have the Bats featured in our Halloween edition online from Friday 24th September.
Without question I have to enjoy what I do, and August has been manic - probably my busiest month to date in 2021. Sometimes I sit in my office, seeing emails popping up, and I’m juggling three phones, but in the last 18 months, I have learnt, if nothing else, how to switch off. With my work as a volunteer at Eden FM, just sitting recently in the studio in the early hours of the morning in the darkness, it was so peaceful,l and it enabled me to see things in a different light. It brings you back to earth, but also reminds you of why you do what you do.
Take Care Out There. Until next month. Lee
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Every month at this stage I thank a lot of people. At Eden FM it’s like a new beginning, and I hope some people reading this might think they would like a visit to the studios.
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The Best record a radio station could play (Part One) by Lee Quinn Lee, Martin & Kathy
These are challenging times for a lot of voluntary organisations, charities, clubs, societies and local groups as we continue our route through the COVID journey.
As Chairman and Director, but also founder of Eden FM, it’s been my task to secure funding, whilst steering the fundraising strategies and also presenting up to four radio shows a week, along with helping out in a lot of other areas. All of my radio functions are as a volunteer.
Finances have been stretched for many local organisations due to being closed whilst some overheads still exist, but funds have been greatly reduced or gone.
More recently since the first Lockdown, I have introduced new revenue streams as well as savings. With a background in Commercial Sport as well as radio for almost 20 years, I always looked at how kit, shirt, tracksuit or pitch-side board advertisers can be seen more, not just to the match visitors but in the community around it. Some of these ideas have been applied to Eden FM and a whole load of new ideas are now launching to help us through 2021, whilst making sure our future is secure for 2022 and onwards.
As Penrith and Eden Valley’s only independent Community Radio station, Eden FM cannot be a charity due to its licencing conditions set by Ofcom, which include that it cannot be a commercial station, and should it sell more than £12,500 worth of on air advertising in its Ofcom accounting year from 1st January to 31st December, it has to match every £1 of on air advertising like for like with £1 of ‘off air’ revenue. To summarise, whilst it has to run as a business with custom built and specialist technical equipment that you tend not to find in a supermarket, much of this equipment is used 24 hours per day and on 365 days of the year and switching it off can actually damage it. As another condition of its Ofcom licence, which it has to renew and re-apply for every five years, it has to be a Not for Profit Ltd by guarantee company.
Next year should be a busier time for Eden FM and a lot of organisations. The trouble is we can’t wait and just live in the hope that things will come right so we can all get by. Linking more with organisations around, we hope to move forward, so that when we reach 2022 it is a bonus. How radical can we be? In order to complete the projects we have, we do need the support of local businesses, which also links to raising funds for other groups and charities supporting us.
Your community station will be 10 years old this November, since it set off as a part time station in 2011, and through another application process, it then became a full-time station in June 2014. It’s had to raise a lot of funding, and coming through COVID, many of its costs with regards its facility cost, licensing/royalty costs, insurance, IT and comms costs have had to be paid regardless.
Easier said than done? Eden FM have already started planning this in July 2021 and made a big start before the August bank holiday weekend. Continued on pages 16 – 17 8
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The Best Record a Radio could Play (Continued) Beaver (1890—1967), Managing Director of the Guinness Brewery, attended a shooting party in County Wexford. There, he and his hosts argued about the fastest game bird in Europe, and failed to find an answer in any reference book. In 1954, recalling his shooting party argument, Sir Hugh had the idea for a Guinness promotion based on the idea of settling pub arguments and invited the twins Norris (1925—2004) and Ross McWhirter (1925— 75) who were fact-finding researchers from Fleet Street to compile a book of facts and figures.
I had a head of ideas in July which included a late night on research of Radio Guinness World Records. Hold that thought for a moment - I’ll come back to that. Since August 2019, I have been trying to get a new style of Monopoly board designed and produced, building on the Penrith and Eden Valley edition, with the UK licensee. That was two years ago now. Hold that thought too!
Guinness Superlatives was incorporated on 30th November and the office opened in two rooms in a converted gymnasium on the top floor of Ludgate House, 107 Fleet Street, London. In 1955, The Guinness Book of Records was published, with a preface by co-founders Norris and Ross McWhirter. 187,000 books were sold (after four reprints) within a year.
Eden FM is launching its own monthly 107.5 FM draw. This was covered in last month’s Eden Local. What about a world record attempt? Is it another crazy idea? No, not when you have an inspirational team of people in support, and as I discovered, an individual equally and in fact madder than me! So, we had a senior team discussion, exchanged a few emails and on August 13th we had a senior team meeting and agreed to make a start.
In 1964, 1 million books sold across all editions and languages, and in 1974, The Guinness Book of Records became the biggest-selling copyright book in history, with sales to date totalling 23,950,000! The 1987 edition was published in 31 languages, covering more than 3.2 billion of the world's population! In 1988, the 60 millionth book sold for charity at a party in HMV Oxford Street, London, raising £60,000.
What do we know about the Guinness Book of Records? With offices today in New York, Tokyo, Beijing, Dubai, GWR HQ is in London’s Docklands. The idea came about in the early 1950’s when Sir Hugh
In 2007, the Records Management Team became an international team that spoke more than 13 languages, processing 1,000 claims every week from around the world. In 2011, Officially Amazing became a GWR registered trademark. To 2016, 136 million + books were sold globally, and to 2019, 143 million + books were sold globally. If only I had the space for their mission statement. All of the above is taken from the GWR for those who do not have the internet, and I am sure some of you do still buy the book. When it comes down to radio, the UK is doing just as well here as it does in the Eurovision Song contest! No points, and no records. So why is that? In 2011, Radio 1 DJ Chris Moyles broke the Guinness World Record for the longest marathon
Norris & Ross McWhirter. Ref www.guinnessworldrecords.com
November 2021. We have more planned for 2022. For some we need 6 volunteers, but for one of these we’ll need 200 people, and we hope to stage this at an agricultural show in the Summer of 2022. If you want to help your group, society, club or voluntary organisation raise funds by supporting Eden FM, please contact Eden FM now. We need you to help us to help you.
radio DJ (team) show. The record was broken at 8.30 on 18th March 2011 by Moyles and on-air partner Dave Vitty, aka 'Comedy Dave', when they passed the 51.5-hour mark. In May 2011, Vixen 101 presenters, Bill Horncastle and Dave Henderson set a new world record by presenting a 53-hour-long radio show, beating the record set by Chris Moyles of Radio 1 by one hour. What is it like to do a 60-hour radio show? I asked my copresenter Kaptain Mounsey who joined me in the Eden FM radio studio on Wednesday 25th August for an 8am start, and presented a show with me until 8pm on Friday 27th August 2021. Kathy (the Kaptain) Mounsey “Doing the 60 hour Radiothon was an amazing experience! It was brilliant for me to be back in the studio and being live after so long. It was great to catch up with the team and have lots of them in to present with us and keep us going. The support from everyone was amazing and I think we'd both agree we couldn't have done it without them. The late night and early morning ramblings with Lee were definitely a highlight and I honestly didn't know I could stay awake so long! Massive thank you to Lee for asking me to be part of it.” From an idea in July, to a 60 hour non-stop radio show over 4 days, hold that thought! It’s not a world record. What might have set out to have been another crazy idea, with an inspirational team of people in support and an individual equally and in fact madder than
As a business, if you would like to be a sponsor or to get involved in a World Record attempt, please contact us now. Long days and Nights just 3 hours sleep me, it was a fun 60 hours, which included three hours sleep for the Kaptain, and two hours sleep for yours truly. What’s next? Well, that’s obvious, but why have a crack at one record when together with local groups, organisations, societies and clubs we can attempt more. Eden FM have identified more than one record we would like to attempt between now and Autumn 2022, and we could do with some help from you. All attempts require adjudicators, just like in a school exam. For one attempt we need 240 hours adjudicated, but from as young as 4 years old upwards, we need people from Penrith, Appleby and across the Eden Valley to register with us now, either to take part or to raise funds for their organisation as an adjudicator. We are currently hoping to attempt our first record in 17
With regards to the Monopoly idea, we are still discussing this with the UK licensee, however, time doesn’t stand still and we are now designing a unique board game that we can have produced in the UK, which if trialled in Cumbria as a Cumberland and Westmorland board game, it can be reproduced across the UK. Just another crazy idea I suppose….. if your business is interested in this project, please contact us to express an interest.
Eden107.5 Eden FM Radio Ltd Suite 6 Cumbria House, Gilwilly Road, Gilwilly Ind Est, Penrith Cumbria CA11 9FF 01768 899107 07881 530085 firstname.lastname@example.org www.edenfm.co.uk
PAM’ S F L OW E R P OW E R
September – Aster
Rich gold, burnt umber, glowing amber and glorious garnet – the colours of autumn are beginning to show themselves in all their glory and are enhanced by the purple, mauve, pink and blue of the Aster or Michaelmas daisy. I personally always associate bunches of the cut flowers with Harvest Festival celebrations at primary school and church where vases would be filled with the simple but stunning purple of the Michaelmas daisy and placed among the fruit, vegetables and the centrepiece bread wheatsheaf which always had a dough mouse hidden somewhere in it!
The Aster (Asteraceae) has a long history and takes its name directly from the Ancient Greek word for star. Mythology has it that the Greek goddess Astraea who was renowned for her grace and gentleness. She was a lover of the night but became saddened by how few stars were in the sky and began to cry. As her tears hit the ground they turned into the star shaped aster flower. On a similar theme it was said that it was Virgo who scattered stardust over the earth and wherever it landed aster flowers grew and bloomed. The aster is the emblem of Venus the goddess of love.
A hardy perennial, the aster is a firm favourite in the garden with colour from August until mid-October. It enjoys full sun in well-drained soil. It is perfect for the herbaceous border and is complimented with other late flowering perennials such as Rudbeckia and Echinacea. It is also a perfect plant to attract pollinators such as bees and butterflies.
The other name Michaelmas daisy has its own folklore associated with it. Michaelmas is a Christian festival but there are similar celebrations around the world and in other religions. The date of Michaelmas now falls in September (it changed from October in 1752 when Britain adopted the Gregorian Calendar and ‘lost’ 11 days) and was one of the ‘quarter days’ – these were the four dates in the year when servants were hired, rents became due and school terms started. In the past when most people were unable to read or write it became the practice to link the ‘quarter days’ to significant dates in the farming and Church calendars.
There are over 600 species within the Aster genus in North America and Europe and are part of the same family as the daisy. Some species have seeds that are shaped like parachutes and are scattered and spread by the wind. If you look very closely you can see that they are composite flowers: the centre is made of many tiny flowers surrounded by long petals giving the daisy its distinctive star shape
St Michael was the protector against darkness and evil, and as the Aster was seen to bloom 18
into the autumn it was seen as joining him in pushing the long dark days of winter away.
making them unfit to eat! He then made his way to Hell to plot against heaven and earth. Best not make a crumble with them in that case!
There is an old rhyme that reminds us that there are few flowers still blooming in midOctober:
As with other flowers the aster was seen by the Victorians to hold specific meanings and symbolism. It is said to broadly represent daintiness, patience and charm with different colours carrying different types of meaning – purple symbolises wisdom and royalty, white purity and innocence, red undying devotion and pink sensitivity and love.
‘The Michaelmas Daisies, among dede weeds, Bloom for St. Michaels’s valorous deeds. And seems the last of flowers that stood, Till the feast of St. Simon and St. Jude.’
Back next month for fascinating facts about the flower associated with October which is the Marigold
In an extra little bit of folklore surrounding Michaelmas it is believed that it is bad luck to pick Blackberries after mid-October.
By Pam Waggott
When the Angel Lucifer was thrown out of heaven for rebelling against God he landed in a thicket of brambles. He was so angry and furious at his treatment that not only did he spit all over the blackberries covering the bramble bushes but wee’d over them too
References. www.rhsplants.co.uk www.floraqueen.com www.plewsgardendesign.co.uk www.ftd.com www.flowerfairies.com
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Are you recruiting new workers or applying for jobs? Welcome back to regular readers and a very warm welcome to any new readers this month! I hope you’re keeping safe and well.
How do you go about seeking References?
Many organisations are recruiting workers at the moment, and many people are applying for jobs. A number of my existing clients have also asked me recently for advice on recruitment and what they should consider before making employment offers, so I thought it might be helpful to share some of this advice and give you a few things to think about before making (or accepting) a job offer.
References are normally sought when an offer of employment is made (subject to satisfactory references and checks being received). The organisation’s Recruitment Policy and/or Procedure should detail the process that will be followed when taking up references and how they will be used. This should be communicated to job applicants. It is advisable to seek at least two references from current and previous employers.
Does your preferred applicant have the Right to Work in the UK?
Can you ask an applicant to complete a Medical Questionnaire?
Before making an offer of employment, employers should check that job applicants have the right to work in the UK. This involves physically checking certain original documents and taking and storing copies of them confidentially. Failure to follow the required process can cause the organisation and the applicant serious problems which could potentially lead to legal action.
The Equality Act 2010 makes it unlawful to ask applicants to complete a medical questionnaire before being offered a job. Organisations can, however, make it clear in job advertisements about any physical or medical requirements of a particular role. Employers should also ask applicants if they need any specific adjustments or have any access requirements as part of the recruitment process.
Does your preferred applicant actually have the required Qualifications?
How should you make an Offer of Employment? Offers of employment should always be made in writing, setting out the main terms and conditions of the role. It is important to note, however, that if you make a verbal offer of employment during the recruitment process, the verbal offer is legally binding, just like the
Before making an offer of employment, employers should also check that job applicants have the appropriate qualifications. Again, this involves physically checking original certificates and/or documents and taking and storing copies of them confidentially. 20
written offer. Employers also need to be aware of what they should include in any offer letter or written statement of employment particulars, and please don’t forget it is a legal requirement to provide a new worker with written particulars of employment on or before the first day of employment.
Here to Help For further information on any of the recruitment advice provided in this month’s article, or in relation to any other employment matters, please don’t hesitate to contact me using the details below. The following are typically some of the areas we support businesses with: • Employee relations – disciplinaries, grievances, whistleblowing, bullying and harassment • Attendance issues – sickness related and other • Performance issues – appraisals, managing poor performance and capability • Staff Handbooks – policies, procedures and standards • Employment contracts – terms and conditions of employment • Employment Law updates • Recruitment and selection – recruitment exercises and job descriptions • Pay and benefits – pay structures and job evaluation • Reorganisation and redundancy
It is good practice to inform unsuccessful applicants too as soon as you can, and to provide them with feedback on their application if they request it.
Email: email@example.com Office: 01768 862394 • Mobile: 07732 556315 I really look forward to hearing from you. Charlotte
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A date for your diary We’ll be launching our consultation on our proposals for the A66 Northern Trans-Pennine project on Friday 24 September 2021 and running until Saturday 6 November 2021. This will be your opportunity to learn more detail about our plans for dualling the A66. How to find out more: All our consultation materials, including our consultation brochure, will be available online via highwaysengland.co.uk/A66-NTP once consultation launches on 24 September 2021. In addition, we will be hosting a series of drop-in sessions. The following table outlines when and where you can come along to speak to a member of the team. If you can’t make the events or don’t have internet access you can call us on 0333 090 1192 to request a hard copy of our materials. ■ P rovide hard copies for viewing in public buildings along the A66 such as local libraries. Please refer to our website and press advertising for more information. ■ H ost an online virtual consultation room. ■ R un webinars and a telephone surgery, enabling you to discuss your questions with a member of the team. Please check our website for the latest information: highwaysengland.co.uk/A66-NTP Email or call us for more information: Email: A66NTP@highwaysengland.co.uk Phone: 0333 090 1192* (Staffed Monday to Friday between 9am-5pm, or leave us a message and we’ll call you back). Follow us on Twitter to stay up-to-date: @A66NTP 22
Sunday 26 September
The former Llama Karma Kafe, 2pm-6pm
Monday 27 September
Haydock Centre, 3pm-8pm
Dalton and Gayles Village Hall, 3pm-8pm
Tuesday 28 September
Haydock Centre, 10am-4pm
Dalton and Gayles Village Hall, 10am-4pm
Wednesday 29 September
Haydock Centre, 8am-2pm
Thursday 30 September
The former Llama Karma Kafe, 2pm-6pm
Friday 1 October
Kirkby Thore Memorial Hall, Midday-8pm
Bowes Village Hall, Midday-8pm
Saturday 2 October
Kirkby Thore Memorial Hall, 9am-4pm
Bowes Village Hall, 9am-4pm
Monday 4 October
Warcop Parish Hall, 3pm-8pm
Gilling West Village Hall, 3pm-8pm
Tuesday 5 October
Warcop Parish Hall, 10am-4pm
Gilling West Village Hall, 10am-4pm
Wednesday 6 October
Warcop Parish Hall, 8am-2pm
Saturday 9 October
Appleby Hub, 3pm-8pm
The Witham, 3pm-8pm
Sunday 10 October
Appleby Hub, 10am-4pm
The Witham, 10am-4pm
Monday 11 October
Appleby Hub, 8am-2pm
The Witham, 8am-2pm
Wednesday 13 October
Kirkby Stephen Sports & Social Club, 3pm-8pm
Thursday 14 October
Kirkby Stephen Sports & Social Club, 10am-4pm
Season of mists…I September is a great time for making garden adjustments and planting. Planning garden changes need not be too difficult; minor changes can make quite a difference. Of course, you might be looking for bigger improvements and that is where a garden designer can assist but let’s look at some design tips which can help along the way. BALANCE AND PROPORTION
Ways to get new plants on a budget COLLECT SEEDS Verbena bonariensis and Digitalis (Foxgloves) are good examples and all you need is paper and an envelope. Remember to label them as you might forget when it comes to planting. DIVIDE PERENNIALS
Consider the size of plants relative to the space, you don’t want a tree that grows too big or groupings of plants that are too small.
I chatted before about taking stock of the garden, and in autumn you can divide clumps of many different perennials.
CHANGE THE SHAPE
This helps unify the space and can also draw your eye along it. For perennials that have outgrown the space, you might be able to divide them and repeat clusters further along the border.
OK, so this is not getting a new plant, but it is about making the most of what you’ve got. Some shrubs respond well to pruning and shaping; this can change the feel of a border.
LESS IS MORE Avoid having too many different species of plants which can look chaotic, and most importantly try to put the right plant in the right place. FOCAL POINTS These can be a choice shrub or a statue. A focal point draws the eye and can make a real statement in your garden. It can also add height, which is something that can be forgotten in a garden. These are just some of the elements to think about. Contact me to discuss your design needs. 24
PROPAGATE It might feel daunting but it is quite simple. Now is the time for semiripe cuttings; select from this year’s growth, put into an appropriate growing mix and remember to water. PERENNIALS THAT SPREAD Some, like Alchemilla mollis self-seed and if they pop up where you don’t want them, move them. Others like
Euphorbia amygdaloides var. robbiae spread by underground rhizomes, great for under trees but make sure you plant where you want it to spread.
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GROW FROM SEED An easy, cheap way to get shots of colour into the garden and lovely flowers such as Cosmos bipinnatus are quite straightforward (wait until spring to sow though).
LOOK OUT FOR LOCAL PLANT SWAPS There is growing popularity for community plant sales and swaps.
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Over 18’s vaccinations Penrith Penrith Auction Mart Vaccine Centre, CA11 0DN Moderna (second doses only): Tuesdays, Wednesdays, Fridays and Saturdays (8am – 7pm) until the 14th September. Following this there are sessions on Wednesday 22nd and Tuesday 28th September. Over 18s (please note 16 and 17 year olds cannot drop-in) 25
SOAPBOX RACE PLANS
Chaos has hit roads in around Penrith with queuing traffic on the A66, M6 and roads in Penrith now occurring almost daily.
Evolve Penrith have announced plans to launch what they hope will become an annual Soapbox race in Penrith in the summer of 2022. The group have announced the plans and are hoping it will be a boost to the local community and business in and around Penrith and encourage visitors into the town for the event.
Leading to calls for action to improve or remove the traffic lights located on Kemplay roundabout and Junction 40 of the M6. The increase in traffic chaos on the A66 comes as Highways England now rebranded to National Highways are about to launch a public consultation roadshow in September to allow the public to see and discuss plans for the A66 upgrade including Kemplay underpass plans and upgrades to Junction 40.
They hope to build the event into something that benefits the community, and that individuals, groups and local business can take part in both the building of the soapbox cars and the race as well as the wider event.
NEWTON RIGG WEATHER STATION SAVED
Traffic Chaos has reached beyond Penrith as the A6 south of Penrith through Clifton has also seen issues after Cumbria County council contractors resurfaced the road in May with an experimental system that has failed and resulted in the road melting on multiple occasions.
The recent closure of Newton Rigg collage saw a number of organisations evicted from the site by Askham Bryan when they served notice to leave the site including the Met Office who have had a weather station on the Newton Rigg farm just outside Penrith for over 100 years reporting the local weather data that is used as part of the UK national weather monitoring and forecasting data.
The county council were forced to spread sand and dust on the surface in an attempt to address the melting road however this failed and has resulted in the council contractors having to remove the road surface causing 2 weeks to traffic chaos along the A6 with road closures and works with the 31st of August and the 1st September scheduled for the resurfacing to take place with further closures of the A6 on these days.
The weather station was recently removed and attempts to find a new location nearby had failed to find a site suitable. The new owners of the Newton Rigg site and farm have invited the Met Office to reinstall the weather station back at the original site to enable weather monitoring data to once again be recorded and maintained for the area.
This has left residents and motorists facing raised iron works and an uneven road surface along the A6 including reports of vehicle damage some residents have blamed on the road condition.
CREATE YOUR OWN BLACK GOLD FROM GARDEN WASTE AND FOOD WASTE. The last year has seen many across the UK spend more time in their gardens and look at how they can do things differently. Many have taken to making their own compost using garden cuttings leaves and even the kitchen food waste to make their own “Black Gold” Making compost from garden and food waste is not hard and can help prevent on average per compost bin 150Kg of waste going to a landfill. 5.4 million tonnes of biodegradable waste including garden waste and discarded food from hoes across England alone was sent to landfill sites in 2019. Once in landfill it is then left to decomposes producing methane gas over time that contributes to the global climate crisis. In Penrith and the Eden area you can get a subsidised garden composter and a subsidised food waste cabby via suppliers that have contracts with both the County council and Eden council to provide subsidised compost bins and cabbies to local residents. With a kitchen food caddy priced at £8.99 And Garden compost Bins from £15.00 heavily subsidised prices from the normal retail price. The Cumbria County Council offer can be accessed via www.recycleforcumbria.org/inthegarden The Eden Council offer can be accessed via https:// www.greatgreensystems.com/shop/local-council-deals With the leaves starting to fall from the trees and the garden needing that tidy before winter what better time to start composting and make your own compost ready to pot up the plants form next spring or grow your tomatoes and veg. One great idea we have seen is a few neighbours getting together and sharing a composter as a neighbourhood composter and the community putting in their garden waste and food waste the sharing the black gold they produce from it and also using in community planting they do. 27
Red Squirrel Awareness Week 20th to 26th September 2021 We celebrate the success of Penrith & District Red Squirrel Group (P&DRSG) and all it has achieved over many many years. Our work to raise awareness of the plight of the native red squirrel populations in our part of Cumbria (650 square miles) is shared by so many passionate individuals year round and without all involved, we simply wouldn’t be able to continue to enjoy the presence of red squirrels in their natural habitat or keep them protected for future generations to enjoy. P&DRSG thanks you all. For more information, to become a member, make a donation or report squirrel sightings, please contact us at info@ penrithredsquirrels.org.uk” Julie Bailey Project Manager / Treasurer - P&DRSG
Meet the Musgraves at Penrith and Eden Museum Article by Sydney Chapman
Musgrave family brass seal: Musgrave de Edenhall
Lady Adora ‘Zoe’ Musgrave, mother of Sir Richard G. Musgrave
Sir Richard G. Musgrave. 1872-1926 The Musgrave family of Musgrave and Edenhall are now mostly remembered as the original owners of the legendary ‘Luck of Eden Hall’, an ancient glass goblet of probable Syrian origin now on permanent display at the Victoria and Albert Museum to whom they sold it. However they also gifted other curiosities to Penrith Museum. These were presented by Sir Richard George Musgrave 12th Bart. (1872-1926) and Lady Eleanor Musgrave in 1922, twelve years before the sale and eventual demolition of their ancestral home
Four-bladed ivory handled travelling knife
Boar’s tusk from Sir Richard Musgrave’s tomb
Duke of Monmouth’s key Horn spoon with engraved handle
Eden Hall in 1934. They include an old scissor-action bullet mould for casting spherical shot, a small four bladed ivory handle travel knife, and a paired two pronged dining fork and knife with gilt chased tops; and the key found in the coat of James Scott, Duke of Monmouth, after he was executed at the Tower in July 1685 for leading the Rebellion (‘Monmouth’s Rebellion’) against James II – Sir Christopher Musgrave had dealt with the transportation of some of the convicted rebels which may explain Silver statuette from Eden Hall this curious link. The most unusual 28
Musgrave family brass seal: Musgrave de Edenhall is perhaps the elaborately engraved walnut and brass stay busk dating from the 18th C. bearing the name ‘Mary Musgrav’, probably a family member. Another vernacular piece is a decoratively engraved horn spoon. On loan and on display at the parish church at Kirkby Stephen is a boar’s tusk said to be from the last wild boar in England, that killed on Wild Boar Fell by Sir Richard Musgrave d. 1464. It was found in his tomb in the Hartley Chapel during restorations in the church in the mid-19th century and is listed among their gifts to the Museum widely reported in the press in 1922.
Other items associated with Eden Hall and the Musgrave family gifted more recently is a miniature portrait of Lady Adora (‘Zoe’) Musgrave, mother of Sir Richard, the Museum’s benefactor; after the death of her husband Sir Richard Courtenay Musgrave she married Henry, 3rd Lord Brougham and Vaux, and left Eden Hall to live at Brougham Hall. Ironically both Eden Hall and Brougham Hall would be demolished in the same year, 1934; also a brass seal matrix with the lettering ‘Musgrave de Edenhall’ showing the family heraldic bearings featuring six annulets, and a silver statuette of a knight on a pedestal holding a lance – possibly intended as an elegant toothpick and holder. Other memorabilia include heraldic hand painted place mats, a watercolour of Eden Hall, and photographs and ephemera relating to the Edenhall estate. There are documents relating to Sir Christopher Musgrave dated 1728 in the Museum’s archives, predominantly bills and receipts for goods and works done at Eden Hall.
The Deer of the Eden Valley No matter where you live in the United Kingdom, the chances are that you are never far from a deer and this is especially true of the Eden Valley. If you happen to be in the right place at the right time and know what to look for, you might just be fortunate enough to be see one.
‘Monarch of the Glen’ painting. For most of the year the sexes live apart in separate herds but as the annual rut approaches in autumn they join up for one of the country’s greatest nature spectacles with the stags roaring out their challenges and wrestling with locked antlers for supremacy and breeding rights. By early November it is all over and the herds separate again to face the winter. In June or July the following year the calf is born and left hidden by its mother who will have withdrawn from the herd to seek solitude and give birth. Camouflaged by a spotted coat it is left alone while its mother goes off to feed before returning to suckle it. If you find one please don’t think that it has been abandoned. As with all deer, mum is probably watching from a safe distance, waiting for you to depart before she returns to her calf.
There are six species of deer living wild in England, and Cumbria plays host to several of them. These include the familiar fallow deer, so often kept in deer parks, with its palmated antlers and a variety of coat colours ranging from the more familiar spotted brown to black and even white, and the secretive sika introduced from Japan over a hundred years ago. There are also occasional reports of the diminutive muntjac, only the size of a springer spaniel and from China, which is now common in the south of England and increasingly seen further north. It is our two native deer species that you are most likely to encounter in the Eden Valley, though. The first is the stately red deer, Britain’s largest land mammal and the subject of Landseer’s famous 30
move slowly and above all keep the wind in your face – deer are poor at making out shapes and you can get away with a lot by keeping still, but they will pick up your scent over very long distances if conditions are right. A good pair of binoculars are a must, and time spent scanning woodland edges, hedgerows and other movement of feeding places will often reveal an elegant form which might otherwise have been passed unnoticed. If you have a dog, though, please keep it on a lead, especially when defenceless calves and kids may be hidden in the undergrowth.
The other native deer species is very different both in size and habits. The dainty roe deer stands only about 75 cm high at the shoulder and is much more solitary than the red deer. Its coat during the summer is coloured a rich foxy red, turning thicker and greyer in winter, and the antlers of the buck are much simpler than the impressive adornments of the red deer stags. Don’t be deceived by looks, though; the bucks are strongly territorial, especially during the spring, and ferocious fights often take place between evenly matched protagonists. You are only really likely to encounter roe alone or in small family groups, and their rutting
time is much earlier in the year during late July and early August. At this time the buck appears to be chasing the doe but in fact she is very much in charge, leading him on until she decides the time is right to mate. Very often chases take the same circular or figure-of-eight path around some prominent object such as a rock or tree stump, and well-trodden ‘roe rings’ are often created. The young, or kids, are born the following spring and twins, or sometimes even triplets, are common. The best time of day for watching deer of any kind is usually around dawn or dusk. Wear inconspicuous clothes and a hat to shade your face, 31
The BDS is the only UK charity devoted entirely to deer, working towards a healthy and sustainable deer population in balance with the environment by promoting education, research and management best practice. You can learn more about deer and the Society’s work by visiting our website at www.bds.org.uk where you can also download the free BDS deer app. This not only has many useful deer-related features but also allows you to report your sightings to help us maintain a national picture of deer presence. Wherever you live in the United Kingdom you will find an active regional branch offering regular activities with like-minded deer enthusiasts where, as a member, you will receive a cordial welcome.
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