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Northern Sounds 2019/2020 SEASON



Photo by Michael Smišek

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3 | Duluth Superior Symphony Orchestra Northern Sounds – Volume 1

H O L D O N T O Y O U R S E AT. . .




Lynn Harrell Plays Dvořák’s Cello Concerto Sat Oct 5 • 7pm Lynn Harrell, cello Leshnoff: Starburst Tchaikovsky: Francesca da Rimini Dvořák: Cello Concerto

The Beethoven Project

Beethoven’s Fifth Sat Mar 21 • 7pm Marika Bournaki, piano Connesson: Flammenschrift Mozart: Piano Concerto No.23 Beethoven: Symphony No.5


A Night at the Opera

Opera’s Greatest Hits with Lyric Opera of the North Sat Nov 23 • 7pm Lyric Opera of the North DSSO Chorus Richard Robbins, Chorus Master

The Writing on the Wall Sat May 2 • 7pm DSSO Chorus Richard Robbins, Chorus Master

Richard Zeller, baritone

Saint-Saëns: Bacchanale from Samson and Delilah Schubert: Symphony No.5 Walton: Belshazzar’s Feast

Obsession: Mendelssohn & Berlioz Sat Feb 1 • 7pm Erin Aldridge, violin Daugherty: Red Cape Tango Mendelssohn: Violin Concerto Berlioz: Symphonie Fantastique


A Night at the Movies Sat Oct 26 • 7pm

Featuring soundtrack selections from Star Wars, Harry Potter, James Bond, and Saturday Night Fever

The Beethoven Project

Happy Birthday, Ludwig! Sat Feb 29 • 7pm DSSO Chorus Richard Robbins, Chorus Master Asami Hagiwara, piano Beethoven: Symphony No. 2 Brahms: Schicksalslied Beethoven: Choral Fantasy

New Year’s Eve Tue Dec 31 • 7pm

Jeans ‘n Classics performs the music of The Rocky Horror Picture Show.

Pop Goes the Classics

Sat Apr 18 • 7pm

Ride with the Lone Ranger in Rossini’s William Tell Overture and dance with royalty in Strauss’ Emperor Waltz.

PHOTO Michael Smišek

ORDER TODAY! 218.623.3776 • DSSO.COM • @dssomn *Discount reflects savings on regular priced tickets. Returning members enjoy priority seating. New members will be seated starting in June. Offer expires Apr 26, 2019. Some restrictions apply.


TABLE OF CONTENTS 2019-2020 Season Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Meet the Music Director: Dirk Meyer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Welcome from Executive Director . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Welcome from Board of Directors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9


Meet the Orchestra . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Masterworks: 1: LYNN HARRELL PLAYS DVOŘÁK’S CELLO CONCERTO . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Biographies Lynn Harrell . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Jonathan Leshnoff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14 Antonín Dvořák . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Pops 1: A NIGHT AT THE MOVIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16


Masterworks 2: A NIGHT AT THE OPERA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Biography Richard Robbins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Chorus Roster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Opera Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20-21 Pops 2: NEW YEAR’S EVE: TIME WARP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22 Jeans ‘n Classics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23


Biography Ho-Yin Kwok . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 DYSSO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Remembering Brad Bombardier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Ways to Support DSSO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Information for our Patrons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35

Northern Sounds

DSSO Contributors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36-37


2019/2020 SEASON




Administration & Staff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Symphony Chorus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Honoring Mack Harrell . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46

O U R M I S S IO N Our mission is to enhance our community through the performance of symphonic music that engages and inspires.

O U R VI S IO N We envision a stronger community through the power of music and musician artistry. N o r t h e r n S o u n d s i s a p u b li c at i o n of t h e D u l u t h S u p e r i o r Sy m p h o ny O rc h e s t r a

CONCERT TICKETS 218-623-3776 tickets@dsso.com | dsso.com

Northern Sounds’ mission is to further the DSSO’s connections – throughout the Twin Ports and beyond – and to celebrate and tell the stories of musicians, artists, and audience. Duluth Superior Symphony Orchestra Northern Sounds 2019/2020 – Volume 1 | 5

Welcome to

the 2019-2020 season! What does “Twin Ports” mean to you? Does it conjure images of the lake? Maybe our craft brews? For me, the amazing arts community is what I think of first. I am particularly proud of the artistically excellent symphony orchestra that we can call our own – one of the many unique qualities that make the Northland such a special place to live. The Duluth Superior Symphony Orchestra will, once more, enrich our lives with the power of music in our exciting 2019-2020 Season. From world-renowned soloists, to local collaborations, our new season holds something for everyone. Enjoy classics like Dvořák and Beethoven, film scores from your favorite blockbusters (Star Wars, James Bond, Harry Potter and more!) and even a Time Warp New Year’s Eve Celebration.

I’m also thrilled that the DSSO Chorus, celebrating 60 years, will be joining us multiple times this season. When the combined forces of almost 300 musicians and singers take the stage for William Walton’s masterpiece Belshazzar’s Feast in May, we might just raise the roof of Symphony Hall. So what are you waiting for? An artistic gem is in your Northland backyard and a transformative musical experience awaits. You will not want to

Enjoy the new season!

Dirk Meyer, Music Director Duluth Superior Symphony Orchestra

218.623.3776 • DSSO.COM

Most recently Meyer created The Beethoven Project, a collaboration between the DSSO and Minnesota Public Radio. During the five years of this project, the DSSO will perform and record all of Beethoven’s nine symphonies and, at the same time, create concerts and events that shed a light on the master’s works and bring his music to new audiences. Maestro Meyer is the author of “Chamber Orchestra and Ensemble Repertoire: A Catalog of Modern Music”. Published by Scarecrow Press with a foreword by David Daniels, this book is a resource for conductors, librarians and administrators, providing them with performance information for approximately 4000 compositions.



Meyer’s special interest in contemporary music has led to him featuring world premiers by composers such as Miguel del Aguila and Eve Baglarian, as well as the American or regional premiers of works by Arvo Pärt, Einojuhani Rautavaara, Joby Talbot, Elliott Sharp, Jonathan Leshnoff, and Hugo Alfven.

German conductor DIRK MEYER is Music Director of the Duluth

Outside of North America Meyer has conducted many

Superior Symphony Orchestra (DSSO) in Minnesota and the Augusta

orchestras in Europe and abroad, including appearances in

Symphony in Georgia. Having received much of his training in

South Africa, the Czech Republic, and Germany. In the operatic

European opera houses, Meyer is passionate about opera and also

world he has led performances of Carmen and Don Giovanni with

holds the position of Music Director with the Lyric Opera of the North

the Plovdiv Opera in Bulgaria and served as Assistant Conductor


to the Michigan State University Opera Theatre, which he

He has guest conducted many orchestras throughout the United States, including the Phoenix Symphony Orchestra, Symphoria in

conducted in Puccini’s La Bohème and Stravinsky’s The Rake’s Progress.

Syracuse, the Orlando Philharmonic, the Springfield Symphony

From 2007 to 2011, Meyer served as Music Director to the

Orchestra in Massachusetts, the Naples Philharmonic, and The

Sarasota Youth Orchestras, giving his Carnegie Hall debut in New

Florida Orchestra. Other recent engagements have been with

York City with the Sarasota Youth Philharmonic in 2008.

the Toronto Symphony Orchestra and the Edmonton Symphony

Prior to his current appointments, Meyer served as Associate

Orchestra in Canada, the New Bedford (MA) and East Texas

Conductor, and later Principal Guest Conductor, of the Sarasota

Symphony Orchestras, as well as the Sarasota Orchestra in Florida.

Orchestra in Florida. Further appointments have included

In 2012, Meyer was named the winner of The American Prize in

Assistant positions with the Traverse Symphony (MI) and

orchestral conducting.

Missouri Symphony Orchestras, as well as the Music Director

Over the course of his career Meyer has earned an outstanding

position with the Mason Symphony Orchestra in Michigan.

reputation with musicians, audiences and critics, alike. His

Meyer has studied with teachers like Neeme Järvi and Jorma

performances have been described as “most intimate and

Panula and, in addition, he assisted with numerous productions

emotional”, “mesmerizing” and “out of this world” and his personable

at the Deutsche Oper am Rhein (Germany), as well as at the

and entertaining style has made him an audience favorite.

Vienna State Opera (Austria) and the Teatro Real in Madrid

As a champion of orchestral music, Meyer creates concert


experiences that bring classical music to new audiences. These

He holds Doctor of Musical Arts and Masters degrees in

endeavors range from conversational concerts to multimedia

orchestral conducting from Michigan State University, where he

performances, and include collaborations of all kinds. One of the

worked with Leon Gregorian and Raphael Jimenez. Here he also

most adventurous collaborations he created was Runway Duluth, a

worked as Graduate Teaching Assistant. His Bachelor’s Degrees

fashion and music collaboration that received national recognition

are from the Folkwang Conservatory in Germany (music) as well

and redefined what the concert experience can be.

as the University Duisburg-Essen (philosophy). Duluth Superior Symphony Orchestra Northern Sounds 2019/2020 – Volume 1 | 7

Welcome from the

EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR As a child, my first introduction

foster my deep love of music.

into orchestral music was

I am so excited and honored to serve as the executive

Brahms‘ 3rd Symphony.

director of the Duluth Superior Symphony Orchestra. I

Growing up in a small town in

look forward to learning more about your community,

northern Indiana, one sleepless

hearing your stories of how and why music inspires you,

night, I happened to turn on

and continuing this great musical tradition. This season

the radio to the local classical

you will hear music both foreign and familiar, classical

music station and heard this

and popular, stirring and haunting. When you come to

wonderfully stirring piece of

concerts, think back to your introduction to music. What

music. This being years before

piece or experience got you involved? Please find me in

you were able to look up playlists online, my mother

the lobby and share your story – and think about bringing

called up the radio station to figure out what was being

a friend to foster their own connection to this wonderful,

played and then went to the local store to purchase the

life-changing artform.

album. What was that piece of music? It was the third

– Brandon VanWaeyenberghe

movement of Brahms’ Symphony No. 3, and that album would be the first in a long series of steps that would

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8 | Duluth Superior Symphony Orchestra Northern Sounds 2019/2020– Volume 1


Welcome from

JOHN BERCHILD, DSSA Board Chair The Duluth Superior Symphony

as we proceed with our preparation for

Association Board of Directors

implementation of our new Strategic

welcomes you to the 2019-20 Concert

Plan, including budgeting and

Season of our Duluth Superior

fundraising. I am personally indebted to

Symphony Orchestra. Our Music

his continuing loyalty and assistance.

Director, Dirk Meyer will be presenting a spectacular and inspiring selection of symphonic music.

Finally, I want to thank our generous and faithful donors and patrons for your support of our efforts in making all this

I also want to take this opportunity to

possible. Without this financial support,

welcome Brandon VanWaeyenberghe

we would not be sustainable and could

as the DSSO’s Executive Director. His

not maintain this wonderful musical

background includes various roles in

heritage in our Twin Ports community.

fundraising and business intelligence for the Houston Symphony and, most recently, a leadership role as Director of


Finance for the Charlotte Symphony. up in South Bend, Indiana and spent most of his summers at his grandparents’ resort on Upper Eau Claire Lake near Hayward, Wisconsin. The Board looks forward to working with

Brandon in the implementation of our

are Trade Marks used under license from De Beers Group.

Brandon is a Midwesterner having grown

new Strategic Plan and leading us forward in providing our community with

his hard work, dedication and leadership as our Interim Executive Director. His

™ ™

I also want to thank Kevin Peterson for all

, Forevermark Tribute and

the finest in classical music.

® ®

to provide valuable insight and guidance

© Forevermark 2018. Forevermark ,

background with the DSSO has helped


considerable knowledge and

Duluth Superior Symphony Orchestra Northern Sounds 2019/2020 – Volume 1 | 9

Coming to you from the ALLETE Stage


Dirk Meyer, The Charles A. & Carolyn M. Russell Music Director  Sponsors: Harris & Diane Balko; Elisabeth C. Mason; The Charles A. & Carolyn M. Russell Foundation


Erin Aldridge, Concertmaster Sponsor: Verna & Arend Sandbulte in support of the concertmaster chair through the Sandbulte Orchestra Leadership Fund

Colin McGuire, Associate Concertmaster Sponsor: The Northern Mechanical/Plumbing Contractors Association

Steve Highland, Assistant Concertmaster Sponsor: Thomas & Barbara Elliott

Ann Anderson, Associate Concertmaster Emeritus Sponsor: Happy Sleeper

Nicole Craycraft Sponsor: Glen Holt

Kathleen Sanders Sponsor: Terry & Vicki Anderson

Nairi Stack Sponsor: Stack Brothers Mechanical Contractors; Tom & Mimi Stender

Joan Halquist Sponsor: Mark Solie; Jim & Libby Prest

Amanda Wirta Sponsor: James & June Farkas

Lindsey Bordner Sponsor: Joel & Catherine Koemptgen

Daniel Radosevich Sponsor: Robert & Angelica Fryberger

Ashley Ng (on leave 2019-2020) Sponsor: Darlene Wolfe


Laurie Bastian, Principal Sponsor: Jacquie & Jim Sebastian

Jean Leibfried, Assistant Principal Sponsor: Sandra Barkley; Marcia & Gary Doty

Amy Eichers Sponsor: Tom & Alice McCabe

Michael Husby (on leave 2019-2020) Sponsor: Brad Schmugge, CPA

Olga Chernyshev Sponsor: Kay & Walt Gower

Yukina Ono (on leave 2019-2020) Sponsor: Father Andrew Ricci; Rose & Lester Drewes

Michael Zellgert Sponsor: Vern & May Nordling

Sarah Warner Sponsor: Kathy & James Sanders

Kristen Anderson Sponsor: Anonymous Friend of the DSSO

Karen Durfee Sponsor: Kenneth Schoen

Mary Negus Sponsor: Anonymous Friend of the DSSO

Stephen Baillie Sponsor: Henry & Terry Roberts


Kevin Hoeschen, Principal Sponsor: Laura Budd

Ronald Kari, Assistant Principal Sponsor: Ruth Ann Eaton; Stephen & Laurie Cushing

Clare Chopp Sponsor: Johannes & Martha Aas

Jonathan Kresha Sponsor: Nancy Odden & Doug Britton

Kevin W. Peterson Sponsor: Robert T. & Barbara K. Bennett; Ruth Frederick

Kirsti Petraborg Sponsor: Anonymous Friend of the DSSO

Judy MacGibbon Sponsor: J. Clark & Jean A. Laundergan, in memory of Warren & Viola Askeland

J. David Arnott, DMA Sponsor: Sylvia Jamar


Betsy Husby, Principal Sponsor: James & Christabel Grant

Lucia Magney, Assistant Principal Sponsor: Ann Mars

Julia Morehouse Sponsor: Nancy & Mark Melhus; Nancy Melander

Eric Graf Sponsor: Natascha & Ramin Artang

Rebecca M. Peterson Sponsor: Robert T. & Barbara K. Bennett

Darin Anderson Sponsor: Dr. Michael & Sharon Mollerus

Jesse Nummelin Sponsor: Anonymous Friend of the DSSO

Elena Denny Sponsor: Linda Boben

Scott Lykins Sponsor: Anonymous Friend of the DSSO


Charles Block, Principal Sponsor: Adelaide M. Cline

Vincent Osborn, Assistant Principal Sponsor: Andrea Wahman & Lee Zimmerman; Judy McKim; Lane Smith

Anthony Lischalk Sponsor: John Ivey Thomas and Mary Rees Thomas Family Fund

James McLeod Sponsor: Branden Robinson

Irving G. Steinberg Sponsor: Lurene Buhrmann

Blake Bonde Sponsor: Carolyn Sundquist


Claudia White, Principal (on leave 2019-2020) Sponsor: Thomas & Janice Shuey

Kathleen Winters, Acting Principal Sponsor: Jeff Elliott

Hannah Peterson, Piccolo/Flute 3 Sponsor: Anonymous Friend of the DSSO


Michael Dayton, Principal (on leave 2019-2020) Sponsor: Gary Foley

Darci Griffith Gamerl, Acting Principal Sponsor: Dr. Dennis & Donna Soukup

Sarah Carmack, English Horn/Oboe 3 Sponsor: Anonymous Friend of the DSSO


Jennifer Gerth, Principal Sponsor: William & Saundra Palmer

Kristine Peterson, Clarinet 2 Sponsor: Kay & William Slack

Theodore Schoen, Clarinet 3/Utility Sponsor: Karl Diekman

10 | Duluth Superior Symphony Orchestra Northern Sounds 2019/2020– Volume 1


Michael Roemhildt, Principal Sponsor: Janet Sklaris, in memory of Frank Sklaris

Jefferson Campbell, Contra Bassoon Sponsor: Anonymous Friend of the DSSO


Gregory Kehl Moore, Principal Sponsor: Anonymous Friend of the DSSO


James Pospisil, Principal Sponsor: James & Mary Zastrow

Paul Litterio, Assistant Horn Sponsor: Dean Peterson; James Seitz & Diane Kolquist

Erika Hammerschmidt, Horn 2 Sponsor: Robert & Mary Evans; Elaine & Roger Engle

Gwendolyn Hoberg, Horn 4 Sponsor: Susan Meyer


Earl Salemink, Principal Sponsor: Sharon & Robert Wahman

Charles Leibfried, Trumpet 2 Sponsor: Jeff & Vickie Cadwell; David & Patricia Mast; Marcia & Gary Doty

Thomas Pfotenhauer, Trumpet 3 Sponsor: Mark & Grace Monson


Larry J. Zimmerman, Principal Sponsor: Gale & Jeri Kerns

Joel Kilgore, Trombone 2 (on leave 2019-2020) Sponsor: Roberta Vose

James Erickson, Bass Trombone Sponsor: Mark Danielson & Theresa Smith


Steve Grove, Principal Sponsor: Helena Jackson & Doug Dunham


Fred Morgan, Principal Sponsor: Ellen Marsden


Gene Koshinski, Principal Sponsor: Susan J. Relf

Tim Broscious, Percussion 2 Sponsor: Jeremy Hoglund & AndrĂŠa Mueller Hoglund


Janell Kokkonen Lemire, Principal Sponsor: Elaine Killen


Beth Gilbert, Principal Sponsor: John & Kathy Berchild

Masterworks 1

LYNN HARRELL PLAYS DVOŘÁK’S CELLO CONCERTO Saturday, October 5, 2019, 7:00 PM DECC Symphony Hall, ALLETE Stage DIRK MEYER, Music Director LYNN HARRELL, Soloist, Violoncello Jonathan Leshnoff

Starburst 8’

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky

Francesca da Rimini, Op. 32


Intermission 20’ Antonín Dvořák

Concerto for Violoncello in B minor, Op. 104


I. Allegro


III. Finale: Allegro moderato – Andante – Allegro vivo

Adagio, ma non troppo


Duluth Superior Symphony Orchestra Northern Sounds 2019/2020 – Volume 1 | 11


Lynn Harrell’s presence is felt

season at Carnegie Hall. Abroad, he played

Scotia festivals.

throughout the musical world. A

alongside the Gewandhaus Orchestra

An accomplished recording artist, Lynn

consummate soloist, chamber musician,

Leipzig, China and Seoul philharmonics,

Harrell’s discography of more than 30

recitalist, conductor and teacher, his work

Duisberg Symphony, and the Orquestra

recordings include the complete Bach

throughout the Americas, Europe and

Sinfônica Brasileira. He toured North

Cello Suites (London/Decca), and two

Asia has placed him in the highest echelon

America and Europe with the Mutter-

Grammy wins with Itzhak Perlman and

of today’s performing artists including

Bronfman-Harrell Trio to venues including

Vladimir Ashkenazy – in 1981 for the

such noted conductor-collaborators

Carnegie Hall, the Maison Symphonique

Tchaikovsky Piano Trio and in 1987 for the

as James Levine, Sir Neville Marriner,

de Montreal, the Salzburg Großes

complete Beethoven Piano Trios (both

Kurt Masur, Zubin Mehta, André Previn,

Festspielhaus, and Dresden Staatskapelle.


Sir Simon Rattle, Leonard Slatkin, Yuri

His international engagements include

Temirkanov, and Michael Tilson Thomas.

adjudicating the XV Tchaikovsky

Mr. Harrell plays a 2008 Dungey cello. He

International Competition, concerts with

makes his home in Santa Monica, CA.

In recent seasons, Lynn performed

the Seoul Philharmonic and Eliahu Inbal,

domestically with the symphonies of

Mariinsky Orchestra and Valery Gergiev,

Atlanta, Sydney, and Detroit, and the

and performing in the Verbier, Hong Kong

Metropolian Opera Orchestra to close the

International Chamber, Aspen, La Jolla, Eastern Music, Tanglewood, Ravinia, and

12 | Duluth Superior Symphony Orchestra Northern Sounds 2019/2020– Volume 1

JONATHAN LESHNOFF Starburst (2010)

Born September 8, 1973 in New Brunswick, New Jersey Work Composed 2010 World Premiere April 29-30, 2010 at Meyerhoff Symphony Hall Baltimore; Marin Alsop Conducting the Baltimore Symphony Orchestra

Jonathan Leshnoff is one of the

Leshnoff chose the name Starburst


leading composers bringing new

because ‘the word has a lot of energy to it

Tonight’s performance of this work is the

creations into the classical music world

and I like the image of light.’ He adds that

first by the DSSO. Three other works by

of the 21st century. His undergraduate

the piece has ‘lots of orchestral shimmer’

Jonathan Leshnoff have previously been

studies were in anthropology and

with its emphasis on fast patterns in the

played by the Orchestra. Concerto for

music at Johns Hopkins University and

upper woodwinds and strings. Starburst

Violin and Viola was given on May 3, 2008

the Peabody Conservatory. He did his

is structured in two parts. Two important

with Markand Thakar and soloists Charles

graduate studies in music at Peabody

motives are developed at the beginning:

Wetherbee and Victoria Chiang (Mr.

Conservatory and was awarded a Doctor

a running or ‘fleeting’ motive in the

Thakar’s wife). Leshnoff’s Violin Concerto

of Music degree from the University of

woodwinds and a rhythmically crisper,

was performed on May 19, 2012 with Mr.

Maryland. His composition, Starburst,

more detached idea in the strings. The

Thakar and Mr. Wetherbee. On January

was an instant success and cemented

music climbs to a big outburst, and then a

19, 2013 the Concerto for Orchestra and

Leshnoff’s reputation. His works are being

clarinet cadenza in a much slower tempo

Two Percussionists was given by Dirk

performed by more than 65 orchestras

leads to the second phase. The fleeting

Meyer and the Todd Meehan and Doug

worldwide in hundreds of concerts.

motive returns in a march-like, repetitive

Perkins Duo.

guise. From then on, the piece gets bigger Starburst was completed in 2010 for

and bigger until it explodes at the end—


a commission from the Baltimore

just like its name.

Two flutes and piccolo, two oboes, three

Symphony Orchestra, with a co-

clarinets (one doubling bass clarinet),

commission from the Kansas City

Tim Smith reviewed the premiere in the

two bassoons and contrabassoon, four

Symphony Orchestra and the Fundación

Baltimore Sun calling Starburst “a curtain-

horns, three trumpets, two trombones

Orquestra de Extremadura in western

raiser in the best sense of the word, full of

and bass trombone, tuba, timpani,

Spain. Janet E. Bedell, the annotator for

energy and anticipation. The composer’s

percussion (vibraphone, crotales, snare

the Baltimore Symphony, interviewed

most distinctive talent may be for

drum, chimes, glockenspiel, marimba,

Leshnoff for the premiere of Starburst

creating deeply lyrical themes, but here,

xylophone, bass drum) and strings.

and provided the following note:

his focus is on propulsion and creating a sense of almost frantic searching…”

Duluth Superior Symphony Orchestra Northern Sounds 2019/2020 – Volume 1 | 13

HISTORY: Tonight marks the fifth DSSO performance of this tone poem. It was also played in 1943, 1950, 1962, and on March 6, 2004. INSTRUMENTATION: Three flutes (one doubling piccolo), two oboes and English horn, two clarinets, two bassoons, four horns, two trumpets, two cornets, three trombones, tuba, timpani, harp, percussion (bass drum, cymbals, tam-tam) and strings.

PYOTR ILYICH TCHAIKOVSKY Francesca da Rimini, Op. 32

Born May 7, 1840 in Kamsko-Votkinsk, Vyatka Province, Russia Died November 6, 1893 in Saint Petersburg Work Composed 1876 World Premiere March 9, 1877 at the Russian Musical Society in Moscow; Nicolai Rubinstein conducting

Tchaikovsky initially envisioned Francesca

are based on a diabolical nature: Totentanz

and Isolde, Helen of Troy, Achilles, Paris,

da Rimini as an opera using a pre-existing

(1849), Sonata Après une lecture de Dante

and you can probably name quite a few

libretto by Konstantin Zvantsyev. However,

(1856), Dante Symphony (1857) and others.

newer inductees) in the second circle of

Zvantsyev was a ‘rabid Wagnerite’ and he

The major influencing factor in these works,

hell, reserved for the lustful. Their souls

began making some musical demands

and in Francesca, comes from the writings

are buffeted back and forth incessantly by

that Tchaikovsky did not enthusiastically

of the Italian poet Dante Alighieri

the winds of a violent storm, symbolizing

receive. In August of 1876 Tchaikovsky


the power of lust to blow needlessly and

attended the world premiere of Wagner’s Ring cycle as a critic for the Russian press. The experience of the four-opera saga was ‘tedious and oppressive’ for Tchaikovsky and he welcomed the conclusion: “Finally on Thursday it was all over, and with the last chords of Götterdämmerung I felt as though I had been released from captivity.” After his return home he began the sketches for Francesca da Rimini in October and finished it in November. The

Francesca da Rimini (or Francesca da Polenta) (1255-c1285) was the daughter of Guido da Polenta, lord of Ravenna. Around 1275 she was wedded to the crippled Giovanni Malatesta, son of Malatesta da Verucchio, lord of Rimini. The Polenta family had been at war with the Malatesta family and the marriage was a way for them to secure peace (Hatfields and McCoys?). But while Francesca is in Rimini she falls in

aimlessly: “as the lovers drifted into selfindulgence and were carried away by their passions, so now they drift for ever. … a howling darkness of helpless discomfort.” The most famous quote from Dante is the inscription: “Abandon all hope, ye who enter here” and probably the second most famous is when Francesca mournfully muses, “There is no greater sorrow than to be mindful of the happy time in misery”.

love with Giovanni’s younger brother Paolo,

Tchaikovsky’s tone poem, Francesca

who was also married (by the way, Auguste

da Rimini, evokes all the turbulence

Rodin’s The Kiss (1888) was originally titled

and ferocity that Dante’s description

Francesca da Rimini). They managed an

of hell presents. The wild ride through

affair for ten years or so until Giovanni

the whirlwind storm that Francesca and

surprised them in Francesca’s bedroom

Paolo endure through eternity seems so

and violently killed them both. If you are

real that you may actually experience

now thinking this would make a great opera

a sensation of disorientation and even

synopsis… so did twenty-seven other

vertigo. The storm Tchaikovsky presents

composers, even Sergei Rachmaninoff

has its quiet moments and, as only he can

Perhaps more than in any of his other

in 1906 with a libretto by none other than

do, Tchaikovsky gives us one of his most

works, Francesca shows influences of

Tchaikovsky’s brother, Modest!

beautiful and lamenting melodies. But,

irony of this story is that while Tchaikovsky found Wagner’s music ‘tedious and oppressive,’ it stuck in Tchaikovsky’s brain enough to find its way into Francesca! Tchaikovsky was the first to acknowledge the influence, “Isn’t it strange that I should have fallen under the influence of a work of art for which I feel, on the whole, a marked antipathy?”

Franz Liszt (1811-1886) in both musical and subject matter. A number of Liszt’s works

Readers of Dante’s Inferno meet Francesca and Paolo (as well as Cleopatra, Tristan

14 | Duluth Superior Symphony Orchestra Northern Sounds 2019/2020– Volume 1

hang on, the wild ride comes back with a vengeance.


Cello Concerto in B minor, Op. 104, B. 191 Born September 8, 1841 in Nelahozeves, near Prague, Czech Republic (then Bohemia) Died May 1, 1904 in Prague Work Composed 1895 World Premiere March 19, 1896 in London at Queen’s Hall; Leo Stern, soloist; Dvořák conducting Dvořák refused to write a solo concerto

“Symphony No. 9” from the New World.

for the cello despite being asked by, among others, Hanuš Wihan (1855-1920), who was considered the greatest cellist of his time. Dvořák claimed that he felt the cello was a fine orchestral instrument, but “totally insufficient for a solo concerto.” He apparently thought the bass register was akin to mumbling and the higher register had a nasal quality, though he was fond of the middle register. Finally relenting, Dvořák wrote to a friend that probably no one was more surprised than he himself that, despite his long held reservations, he had decided to write a cello concerto. (Most cellists know that Dvořák did write a concerto in 1865 for the cello and piano, but it was never orchestrated and now mostly exists with heavy editing from other composers and cellists).

Wihan made suggestions for improvement after seeing the score, including two cadenzas, one at the end of the third movement. Dvořák rejected the cadenzas and accepted only a few minor changes. Indeed, Dvořák was quite protective of his concerto and wrote to his publishers:

In 1894 Dvořák was in his third term as Director of the National Conservatory in New York and Victor Herbert, who was teaching at the conservatory (and was also principal cellist at the premiere of Dvořák’s New World Symphony), had finished and premiered his Cello Concerto No. 2 in E minor, Op. 30. After hearing at least a couple of performances of Herbert’s concerto, Dvořák was inspired to finally honor Wihan’s request to write a concerto. Although much of the concerto was written while Dvořák was in the United States, it does not have the American influence that is so prevalent in his String Quartet No. 12 “American” or

I give you my work only if you will promise me that no one – not even my friend Wihan – shall make any alteration in it without my knowledge and permission, also that there be no cadenza such as Wihan has made in the last movement; and that its form shall be as I have felt it and thought it out. Dvořák also insisted that the finale should have a diminuendo and close gradually “… like a breath… then there is a crescendo, and the last measures are taken up by the orchestra, ending stormily. That was my idea, and from it I cannot recede.” In November 1895 Dvořák received a letter from Francesco Berger, the Secretary of the London Philharmonic Society, inviting him to conduct a concert of some of his works in London. Dvořák agreed and proposed to premiere his Cello Concerto with Wihan as soloist. Berger suggested March 19, 1896, for the date of the concert, but Wihan was unavailable. The Philharmonic Society nevertheless insisted on the date and, without consulting Dvořák, hired the English cellist Leo Stern. Dvořák was incensed and initially re-fused to come for the concert;

HISTORY: The Orchestra’s seven previous Masterworks Series performances of this concerto have featured solo cellists Joseph Schuster (1954), Raya Garbousova (1958), Janos Starker (1969), Ronald Leonard (1983), Jian Wang (1997, with Yong-yan Hu conducting and also performed the same weekend in Minneapolis at the Ted Mann Auditorium at the University of Minnesota), Hae-Ye Ni (2003), and Suren Bagratuni (April 18, 2015 with Dirk Meyer conducting). (The Young People’s Concerts in 1963 featured student cellist Mary Drawz in the second movement.) Tonight’s soloist Lynn Harrell has appeared with the DSSO on two previous concerts: on April 6, 1979 (in Couperin’s Pieces de Concert and Bloch’s Schelomo), and on March 10, 1984 (in Bruch’s Kol Nidrei and Tchaikovsky’s Rococo Variations). Both concerts were led by Taavo Virkhaus. INSTRUMENTATION: Two flutes (second doubling piccolo), two oboes, two clarinets, two bassoons, three horns, two trumpets, three trombones, tuba, timpani, triangle and strings.

he had promised the premiere to Wihan. Whatever may have happened it is now left to conjecture. What we do know is that Stern traveled to Prague to prepare the concerto under Dvořák’s supervision and by early March everything was settled. Dvořák conducted the premiere on March 19 in Queen’s Hall with Stern as soloist. The cello played by Stern was made by Antonio Stradivari, the 1684 “General Kyd”, which now belongs to the Los Angeles Philharmonic. The first movement is a large-scale sonata form with a lengthy introduction stating both themes and allowing the soloist to expand on each. The first theme is heard throughout the movement, giving it a cyclic structure. The second and third movements are a tribute to the memory of Josefina Kounicová, née Čermáková, Dvořák sister-inlaw, who had recently died. Within these two movements he quotes his song Lasst mich allein (Op. 82, No. 1), which was her favorite. Although Dvořák was initially very resistant to composing a cello concerto, it became one of his most personal works.

Duluth Superior Symphony Orchestra Northern Sounds 2019/2020 – Volume 1 | 15

Pops 1

A NIGHT AT THE MOVIES Saturday, October 26, 2019, 7:00 PM DECC Symphony Hall, ALLETE Stage DIRK MEYER, Music Director Richard Strauss Opening from Also sprach Zarathustra, Op. 30 Howard Shore The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring Mel Brooks The Producers Richard M. Sherman & Robert B. Sherman A Disney Supertime (Tunes from Mary Poppins) Kristen Anderson-Lopez & Robert Lopez Music from Frozen John Williams Star Wars: Suite for Orchestra Intermission 20” Bill Conti Musical Highlights from Rocky John Williams Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone: Harry’s Wondrous World Bee Gees Saturday Night Fever Medley Benji Pasek & Justin Paul The Greatest Showman Richard O’Brien The Rocky Horror Picture Show John Barry The Best of Bond

16 | Duluth Superior Symphony Orchestra Northern Sounds 2019/2020– Volume 1


Masterworks 2

A NIGHT AT THE OPERA Saturday, November 23, 2019, 7:00 PM DECC Symphony Hall, ALLETE Stage DIRK MEYER, Music Director RICHARD ROBBINS, Chorusmaster DSSO Chorus, Soloists LYRIC OPERA OF THE NORTH

Vicki Fingalson, Soprano

Sarah Lawrence, Soprano

Alice Pierce, Soprano

Georgia Jacobson, Mezzo-Soprano

John Pierce, Tenor

David Greenberg, Tenor

Calland Metts, Baritone

Cory Renbarger, Baritone

Luke Williams, Baritone

Get ready to be held spellbound by some of the most beloved arias and dramatic choruses of all time. This concert is perfect for the opera-curious and the opera lover alike, as the DSSO joins with LOON and highlights the DSSO Chorus with works from Aïda to Carmen to La Bohème. Please see insert for complete program listing.

Duluth Superior Symphony Orchestra Northern Sounds 2019/2020 – Volume 1 | 17



Richard Robbins is the Director of Choral

internationally, and he has been invited

Cleobury, Robert Franz, and Dirk Meyer.

Activities and Assistant Professor of Music

to present on a range of topics for music

Choral groups under Dr. Robbins’ direction

at the University of Minnesota Duluth,

education and conducting organizations,

have earned awards at numerous festivals,

where he directs the University Singers,

including the American Choral Directors

and have collaborated with a wide range

Chamber Singers, and teaches an array

Association, and internationally at Warsaw,

of classical and pop artists. He taught

of choral conducting and music courses.

Poland’s Chopin Conservatory of Music.

choral music in the Texas public schools for

Prior to this, he served as Director of Choral

A conductor with extensive experience in

several years (most recently at Houston’s

Activities at the University of Wisconsin-

preparing choral-orchestral repertoire, Dr.

famed High School for the Performing and

Superior, where he directed the A Cappella

Robbins also serves as Chorus Master of

Visual Arts), and previously directed the

and Chamber Choirs, and taught courses

the Duluth-Superior Symphony Orchestra

Concert Women’s and University Men’s

in choral music education, counterpoint,

Chorus. Dr. Robbins’ work with the DSSO

Choruses at the University of Houston.

ear training, and music technology. Dr.

Chorus comes after leading choirs for the

He is a member of ACDA (previously

Robbins travels extensively as a clinician,

Houston Ballet and preparing choirs for

serving on the Executive Board of the

adjudicator, and director for choral festivals

over 50 performances with the Houston

Southwestern Division), Chorus America,

and honor choirs across the country, with

Symphony. He has prepared choruses

NCCO, and NafME, and also serves as

recent engagements in Miami, Los Angeles,

for several major conductors, including

a festival conductor for the American

Orlando, San Francisco, Chicago, and New

Christoph Eschenbach, Ermanno Florio,

Federation Pueri Cantores. Dr. Robbins

York City. His editions of Italian sacred

Hans Graf, Joan Glover, Bernard Labadie,

holds degrees from Florida State University

music of the early Baroque are published

Klaus Peter Flor, Michael Krajewski, Stephen

and the University of Houston.

18 | Duluth Superior Symphony Orchestra Northern Sounds 2019/2020– Volume 1

CHORUS ROSTER RICHARD ROBBINS, Chorus Master BETH SOBCZAK, Rehearsal Pianist RYAN DEIGNAN, Rehearsal Conductor NIKKI NORLAND, Chorus Administrator Jeanne Abelsen

Robert Drevlow

Jessica Hugheltt

Grace Monson

RitaRae Stadler-Sager

Catherine Aderson

Dani Dunphy

Anne Javaherian

Alesha Murphy

Connie Stanley

Cathy Ameel

Bonnie Lou Dunphy

Elijah Jensen

Cathy Nagler

Katie Stevenson

Edward Anderson

Ben Ellison**

Jim Johnson

Andrew Nast

James Stewart

Greg Anderson

Judy Ellison

Jan Johnson

Nancy M. Neilson

Kathy Stinnett

Richard Anderson

Otis Faris

Kayleigh Karppinen

Emily Nygren

Brianna Stolan

Melissa Anderson

Karen Finseth

Michelle Kessler

Nancy Odden

Alex Strelow

Yvonne Anderson

Marge Fisher

Laura Kirwin

Barbara Olson

Gary Swanson

Jody Anderson

Louise Foss

Elizabeth Klawitter

Dennis Paulson

Jean Swanson

Robert Asleson

Dean Fox

Susan Knauss

Rouleau Peggy

Megan Taves*+

Andrea Asleson

Diane Dinndorf Friebe

Pat Kruschke

Alanna Pekuri

Charlotte Taylor

Glen Backman

Maureen Gamradt

Cot LaFond

Pete Pellinen

Mary A. Tennis

Linda Backman

Gregory Garmer

Cathy Larson

Lou Ann Petersen-Noltner

Allen Thompson

Rachel Bartell

Anita Gille

Mary Ledford


Adrienne Thureen

Mariana Beier

Hilary Godard+

Martin Lee

Katie Peterson

Steve Treichler

Laura Berdahl

Taylor Gonzaga

Janet Lietha


Shelby Trost

Joseph Berini

David Greenberg+

Roger Lindberg

Paul Piszczek+

Charlene Uecker

Sandra Berini

Annamarie Gutsch

Stephanie Linge

Luther Qson

Brandon VanWaeyenberghe

Audrey Beyer+

David Haavik +

Michael Lyons

Karen Robnik

Beverly Vavra

Anne Bier

Keri Halverson

Dan Maki+

Angela Russeth

Ingrid Vendela

Nathan Borka

Ken Hammarlund

Sandy Marden-Lokken

Rhonda Sande

Keely Waechter+

Donalee Brevak

Don Hanson

Kelli Marlow

Sharon Sandvik

Jori Walt

Jeffrey Cadwell

Amanda Hanson

Cathy Martin

Carol Saranpaa

Shawna Weaver

Cindy Carlson

Lynne Harrington Hall

Cindy Martinson

Deborah Schlacks

Harry Welty

Lea Carr

Lynn Hegrenes

Kent Matthews

Randy Schmidt

Sam Weston

Marilyn Carter

Rose Heldt

Glenn McGill

Debra Schroeder

Lynn Wiemann

Terry Chialasstri

David Helf

Diane McGill

Anne Schuller

Madison Wilson

Tracy Close

Lawrence Helmbrecht-La

Gary Meier

Jim Schulzetenberg

Mary Wilson

Aaron Crenshaw


Darla Meier

Linda Senta

Amelia Wise

Mark Danielson

Gunes Henderson

Rosanne Mellesmoen

Wesley Sisson

Peter Wodrich

Tom Diener

Grace Herbertz

Calland Metts**

Tom Sjoberg

Kirby Wood

James Donovan

Bob Hjort

Aine Miller

Tomina Slevin

Grace Young*

Laura Donovan

Conrad Hjort

Jane Moe

Susan Smart

Anna Dontje

Carol Hoeschen

Sharon Mollerus

Theresa Smith

Mary Dontje

Luke Hoplin+

Mark Monson

Jerry Spehar

+ LOON Chorus Members **LOON Artistic Staff *Section Leaders

Duluth Superior Symphony Orchestra Northern Sounds 2019/2020 – Volume 1 | 19

OPERA’S GREATEST HITS The modern opera, as we know it, has been around for over four hundred years. At the end of the 16th century Dafne, by Jacopo Peri (1561-1633), was produced in Florence, Italy. Italian composer Claudio Monteverdi (1567-1643) was a pioneer in the development of opera and is considered a crucial transitional figure between the Renaissance and the Baroque periods of music history. His operas L’Orfeo and L’incoronazione di Poppea, along with many of his other works, are performed regularly. Opera quickly spread throughout the rest of Europe and composers established national traditions and identities in the 17th century. The first German opera, Dafne, was composed in 1627 by Heinrich Schütz (1585-1672), who is regarded as the most important German composer before Johann Sebastian Bach. Jean-Baptiste Lully (1632-1687), although Italian-born, was a French composer who felt that Italian-style opera was inappropriate for the French language. He and librettist Philippe Quinault created operas that flowed in a more natural sense and they also developed the story more quickly to appease the French public. Lully is also credited with inventing the French Overture, a form used extensively in the Baroque and Classical eras, especially by Bach and Handel. In England Henry Purcell (16591695) incorporated Italian and French elements, but his style was uniquely English Baroque. His Dido and Aeneas (c. 1683-1688) is one

of the most monumental works in Baroque opera and continues to be performed regularly. Italian opera dominated most of Europe (except France) in the 18th century and the most prevalent forms were Opera seria (serious, written for nobility) and Opera buffa (comic, written for the people). Christoph Willibald Gluck (17141787) felt these two forms seemed unrealistic and had strayed too far from what opera should be. He composed 49 operas, of which Orfeo ed Euridice is the most wellknown. Of course the leader of 18th century opera is Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) with a total of 22 operas, his most famous being The Marriage of Figaro, Don Giovanni, Cosí fan tutte, The Abduction from the Seraglio and The Magic Flute. The latter two are landmarks in the German opera style. Bel Canto (beautiful singing) style ruled the early 19th century with operas by Gioachino Rossini (17921868), Gaetano Donizetti (17971848) and Vincenzo Bellini (18011835). Bellini is considered the quintessential composer of the bel canto era and he was admired by other composers: Verdi raved about his “long, long, long melodies such as no one before has written” and Wagner (who rarely liked anyone but himself) was “spellbound by Bellini’s almost uncanny ability to match music with text and psychology.” Other fans of Bellini included Liszt

20 | Duluth Superior Symphony Orchestra Northern Sounds 2019/2020– Volume 1

and Chopin. The advent of Grand Opera (epic scale, large casts and big orchestras) was during this period and by the mid-to-late 19th century was dominated by Giuseppe Verdi (1813-1901) and Richard Wagner (1813-1883), ushering in the Golden Age of Opera. By the closing years of the 19th century there was a desire for opera to focus on average people and their problems, which resulted in the Verismo (realistic) tradition. Pietro Mascagni (1863-1945) was responsible for ushering in this movement in 1890 with his sensational masterpiece Cavalleria Rusticana. Modern productions often pair this work with Ruggero Leoncavallo’s (1857-1919) 1892 opera Pagliacci. However, the greatest Italian composer after Verdi is Giacomo Puccini (18581924). Puccini’s early works are in the traditional romantic opera style and later he successfully developed his work in the Verismo style. Puccini’s enduring popularity is a testament to his mastery at communicating directly with the audience. Opera was not confined to Italy and Germany during the 19th century. Opera traditions were also being developed in Eastern Europe, particularly in Bohemia and Russia. Important composers of that region include the Czech composer Bedřich Smetana (18241884), Russia’s Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky (1839-1881), Pyotr

Ilyich Tchaikovsky (1840-1893) and Alexander Borodin (1833-1887). French opera grew as well with Léo Delibes (1836-1891), CharlesFrançois Gounod (1818-1893) and Camille Saint-Saëns (1835-1921). Hungarian Franz Lehár (1870-1948) composed a well-loved operetta (light opera), The Merry Widow, in 1905. The early half of the 20th century adds Richard Strauss (1864-1949) to our history of opera with his masterful works Der Rosenkavalier, Elektra, Salome, Die Frau ohne Schatten, Ariadne auf Naxos, Intermezzo and Capriccio. The second half of the century gives us Benjamin Britten (1913-1976) and his epic operas Peter Grimes, Gloriana, A Midsummer Night’s Dream and Death in Venice. New operas continue to be composed with some reflecting the times in which we live. The operas of John Adams (b. 1947) bring real-life events to the stage with Nixon in China (1987), The Death of Klinghoffer (1991) and Doctor Atomic (2005). Finnish composer Jukka Linkola (b. 1955) wrote Rockland to commemorate an uprising of mine workers in Michigan’s Upper Peninsula. Jake Heggie (b.1961) created an opera based on the book by Sister Helen Prejean, Dead Man Walking and English composer Mark-Anthony Turnage (b. 1960) composed Anna Nicole based on the rise and fall of

media celebrity Anna-Nicole Smith. These are only a few of the many new emerging operas. The influence of opera also extends to popular music and Broadway. George Gershwin’s Porgy and Bess and Leonard Bernstein’s Candide began their life on the Broadway stage and are now accepted as part of the opera repertory. Operatic story-telling techniques found their way into rock music with the first ‘rock opera’ Tommy by The Who in 1969, followed by Jesus Christ Superstar in 1971, Les Misérables in 1980 and Rent (1996), which is a modern setting of Puccini’s La bohème. Numerous new musicals are employing various operatic techniques, including the use of sung recitatives instead of dialogue. Opera continues to grow and evolve making it relevant for today’s and tomorrow’s audiences. Perhaps the best quote to leave you with is from Karen DeCrow, former president of the National Organization for Women, an American attorney, author, activist and feminist who also strongly supported equal rights for men in child custody decisions: “Opera is the most complete art form. It includes drama, acting, technology, art, dance, and the epitome of the human voices. But mostly, go for the glorious music. The arts are crucial to the life of every community.”

HISTORY: Four of the fourteen excerpts on tonight’s program have not previously been played by the DSSO (those from The Magic Flute, Nabucco, Lakmé, and Der Rosenkavalier). The most recent concerts of opera excerpts by the Orchestra were in 1999 and 2010. Seven of the operas have been given in fully–staged performances with the DSSO in the orchestra pit (Carmen, La Bohème, Tosca, Il Trovatore, The Barber of Seville, Lucia di Lammermoor, and Die Fledermaus) . “Polovetsian Dances” from Prince Igor was given in 1936 by the DSSO and the first incarnation of the DSSO Chorus. It was also performed on the 2010 “A Night at the Opera” concert with the Chorus (then in its fiftieth continuous season). Lyric Opera of the North (LOON) gave a full presentation of Bizet’s Carmen on November 15, 2014 with the DSSO and Dirk Meyer conducting. Lyric Opera of the North will present Tosca at the NorShor this coming June, with Dirk Meyer conducting.

Duluth Superior Symphony Orchestra Northern Sounds 2019/2020 – Volume 1 | 21

Pops 2

NEW YEAR’S EVE: TIME WARP December 31, 2019, 7:00 PM DECC Symphony Hall, ALLETE Stage DIRK MEYER, Music Director This evening’s performance will be under the baton of a guest conductor.

JEANS ‘N CLASSICS, Guest Artists

Kathryn Rose, Vocals Rique Franks, Vocals Paul DeLong, Drums Tracey Gallant, Vocals Christina Melanie, Keyboards David Blamires, Vocals Gavin Hope, Vocals Peter Brennan, Guitar and Jeans ‘n Classics founder Steve Lucas, Electric Bass


Dammit Janet Over at the Frankenstein Place The Time Warp Sweet Transvestite I Can Make You A Man Hot Patootie – Bless My Soul I Can Make You A Man (Reprise) Touch-A, Touch-A, Touch Me

Intermission 20’ Eddie Rose Tint My World Floor Show Fanfare/Don’t Dream It Wild and Untamed Thing I’m Going Home Super Heroes Science Fiction, Double Feature (Reprise) The Time Warp 22 | Duluth Superior Symphony Orchestra Northern Sounds 2019/2020– Volume 1


JEANS ‘N CLASSICS Jeans ’n Classics is a group of musicians

reputation precedes us for providing

who understand orchestra culture and

lush, fully realized arrangements of

are committed to help in the building of

rock and pop classics for rock band

younger, loyal audiences for symphony

and symphony, and top notch, easy-to-

orchestras across North America.

work-with performers who truly know

Jeans ’n Classics appeals to an age group from, but not limited to, 25 to 65. Peter Brennan’s Jeans ’n Classics is a winner! For almost 20 years the JnC approach to combining world class rock musicians and symphonies has been a game changer for orchestras

While most definitely not a tribute act, Jeans ‘n Classics faithfully interprets the music of legendary rock and pop albums and artists, with their own special and signature flair.

in their quest to attract new and more

Symphonies far and wide have heralded

expansive audiences.

the quality of our orchestral scores. Our

how to deliver a great rehearsal and live show experience with professionalism, humor, and finesse. Jeans ’n Classics works with over 100 orchestras in venues throughout North America, and has created almost 1,000 original rock and pop orchestrations which are presented across 45 unique and exciting productions.

Duluth Superior Symphony Orchestra Northern Sounds 2019/2020 – Volume 1 | 23


HO-YIN KWOK, Assistant Conductor We are pleased to announce the appointment of Ho-Yin Kwok as the new Assistant Conductor of the Duluth Superior Symphony Orchestra and Director of the DSSO Youth Symphony. Ho-Yin is currently a doctoral teaching assistant at the University of Minnesota, Co-Director of the University’s Campus Orchestras program and Artistic Director/Conductor of the Mississippi Valley Orchestra in the Twin Cities. Welcome, Ho-Yin! Described as an “impressive conductor…outstanding in his attention to detail and his command of the big picture,” Hong Kong-born conductor Ho-Yin Kwok holds degrees in Orchestral Conducting from the

University of Iowa and has received several awards for his leadership on the podium, most recently, winner of the 2017-2018 Vincent C. LaGuardia, Jr. Conducting Competition. He previously served as the Assistant Conductor of Collegium Musicum Hong Kong and the Hong Kong Baptist University Symphony Orchestra. Also a keen violinist, Ho-Yin has appeared as a soloist with several orchestras throughout the U.S and Hong Kong and has toured internationally to Leipzig, Munich, Vienna, Salzburg, Prague, and more. An active chamber music player and supporter of new music, Ho-Yin is known for his innovative collaborations and advocacy of modern works.

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“Music is a more potent instrument than any other for education, because rhythm and harmony find their way into the inward places of the soul.” – Plato

Each year over 130 young musicians

Hall at the Duluth Entertainment and

sitting in our youth orchestras. It

participate in the Duluth Superior

Convention Center. The narrated

takes a village to support quality

Symphony Youth Orchestras (DSSYO)

program, which showcased all of the

programming that fosters these

program through its three orchestras

DSSYO ensembles, culminated with

bright, young musicians – parents and

(Sinfonia, Concert Orchestra, and

133 musicians on stage for the show-

guardians, school music programs,

Youth Symphony) and the Percussion

stopping finale. The younger audience

private music teachers, the dedicated

Ensemble. Just as one year ends,

that this program aims to inspire

staff of the DSSYO and DSSO, and the

preparations are under way for the next

enthusiastically enjoyed it. Finally, the

contributions of each of us willing to

season, beginning with another round

Youth Symphony, our most advanced

support programs such as this.

of auditions in May and June for new

orchestra in the program, wowed

and returning students and in early

DSSO audience members with the

Please keep the DSSYO program in mind

September for new students. Summer

side-by-side performance on the final

when considering your charitable giving.

may be a break for the students, but

Masterworks concert of its season,

Our goal is to make this wonderful

the conductors will be busy selecting

performing Chabrier’s España.

opportunity available to all deserving young musicians. There are many ways

and notifying next season’s members, choosing repertoire, seating the

Over its nearly 80 years, the DSSYO has

for an individual, family, or business to

orchestras and getting everything

played a significant role in the lives of its

participate as a donor:

ready to go for the first rehearsal on

members and our community. Students

September 9, 2019 for the 2019-2020

not only learn mastery in performing

• General DSSYO program contributor


music, but also develop skills in

• Program ads

working together, creative problem

• Concert or Season sponsor

The 2018-2019 DSSYO program ended

solving, perseverance and discipline

• Underwriting the cost of music and/

its 79th continuous season on a high

– all qualities needed to succeed


note with the last of three concerts of

in life and any profession. We hear

• Coaching Fund sponsor, which helps

the season, the annual Spring Concert

from many members that their love

provide professional coaching by

at the beloved Mitchell Auditorium,

for music and orchestra blossomed

instrument in each of our orchestras

our home base, on May 5, 2019. This

through participation in the program

• Scholarship Fund contribution

concert topped a very successful year

and lifelong friendships were formed.

or sponsor, which helps make

that began with orchestral retreats

Additionally, many members have gone

participation in the program possible

for each of our groups, followed by

on to careers in music performance

to those without the financial means

the Fall Concert in November, at

and music education. Throughout the

to pay the annual tuition.

the beautiful and newly renovated

years, many former DSSYO members

Superior High School Performing Arts

have become members of the Duluth

Center. Additionally, the 56th annual

Superior Symphony Orchestra (DSSO).

Lollipop Concert: Myths & Legends was performed in March in Symphony

The musicians, patrons, and world citizens of the future are currently

28 | Duluth Superior Symphony Orchestra Northern Sounds 2019/2020– Volume 1


Please contact the DSSO office at 218-623-3776 (DSSO) to make your contribution or to further discuss the details of giving options.




Sunday, Nov. 24 3 PM at Superior High School

Sunday, Feb. 2 3 PM at the DECC Symphony Hall

Sunday, May 3 3 PM at St. Scholastica’s Mitchell Auditorium

2600 Caitlin Ave. Superior, WI 54880

350 Harbor Drive Duluth, MN 55802

1200 Kenwood Ave. Duluth, MN 55811

No advance ticket sales. Tickets are available at the door starting 1 hour before the performance.

REMEMBERING BRAD BOMBARDIER It was with great shock and sadness that we learned of the sudden passing this past August of a longtime member of our DSSO family, Brad Bombardier. Since 1980 Brad held the second bassoon chair with the DSSO and served for a number of years as the orchestra’s music librarian. He was known throughout our community as not only a gifted performer and educator, but also a talented and prolific composer. The DSSO has had the honor of premiering four original compositions by Brad, beginning in 1990. His Concerto for Orchestra “The Hegira Endeth”, Op. 41, was premiered on February 24, 1990, Taavo Virkhaus conducting, and also performed in Thunder Bay, Ontario by the DSSO on April 4, 1992. DSSO principal cellist Betsy Husby premiered his Concerto for Violoncello and Orchestra “The Holy Fool”, Op. 61a (version for larger orchestra) on March 3, 1994 with guest conductor Edward Serov. Brad was also known for his rather interesting titles of many of his compositions. The short piece “http:// omegafanfare.com,” Op. 112 was premiered on February 26, 2000 with Yong-yan Hu conducting. On November 14, 2009, on a program

conducted by Markand Thakar which included the Beethoven Symphony No. 9 (Choral) with its well known ‘Ode to Joy’ in its fourth movement, Brad composed his Antipode to Joy, Op. 140. In addition to these full scale works, Brad also composed original cadenzas for the Mozart Bassoon Concerto in B-flat major, performed by his dear friend and colleague Michael Roemhildt with the DSSO on October 21, 1995. Brad was also a talented arranger, having arranged works for a number of Masterworks and Pops concerts for the DSSO, most recently three works by singer-songwriter Ryan Sims for his performance with the DSSO at the Lucius Woods Performing Arts Center in Solon Springs, WI on July 6 of this year. His talent was not limited to the full orchestra -he also did numerous arrangements and original compositions for the Duluth Superior Symphony Youth Ensembles. Beyond the DSSO, his many compositions have been performed by virtually every performing ensemble in the region. Brad Bombardier touched the lives of many as a musician, educator and friend. He will be deeply missed.

by Kevin W. Peterson

Duluth Superior Symphony Orchestra Northern Sounds 2019/2020 – Volume 1 | 29

30 | Duluth Superior Symphony Orchestra Northern Sounds 2019/2020– Volume 1

Estate Planning • • • • • • • Chris Dahlberg Dahlberg Law Office, PA 130 W. Superior Street, Suite 730 Duluth, MN 55802 (218) 722 5809 www.dahlberglaw.com

Wills/Trusts Family Cabin Trusts Powers of Attorney Health Care Directives Medical Assistance Planning Probate Business Succession Planning

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Avoid Family Discord….Plan for a Harmonious Transition

Duluth Superior Symphony Orchestra Northern Sounds 2019/2020 – Volume 1 | 31


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32 | Duluth Superior Symphony Orchestra Northern Sounds 2019/2020– Volume 1

my husband and I bought a Happy Sleeper for ourselves a few years ago. It was so comfortable that we decided to switch over EVERY bed at „ White Eagle Resort to Happy Sleeper. STEPHANIE LANTRY, WHITE EAGLE RESORT CO-OWNER, LAKE VERMILION


YOUR MOMENT OF GLORY With a legacy gift, you can help support healthcare in your community and allow us to continue to do what we do today, even better, for generations to come. Ways to make your mark on the future:

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Make a gift through your will or trust Donate appreciated stock and savings on taxes Consider a gift of real estate Make a gift that gives you fixed payments for life Make a gift that protects your assets

WANT TO LEARN MORE? EssentiaHealth.PlannedGiving.org (218) 786-8966 400 East Third Street | Duluth, MN

Duluth Superior Symphony Orchestra Northern Sounds 2019/2020 – Volume 1 | 33


DULUTH SUPERIOR SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA S U S TAI N I N G M E M B E R S H I P PROG R A M Through a sustaining gift, you will help provide the consistent funding we need to achieve financial sustainability and artistic excellence. Become a Sustaining Member by making monthly payments through our secure and automated payment plan.

Bringing the Duluth Superior Symphony Orchestra to reality each year takes time, talent and the generosity of our supporters. We are deeply committed to ensuring that the concerts we perform are accessible to anyone who chooses to attend, regardless of economic circumstance. How is this possible? Hundreds of supporters contribute to our work on an annual basis, through legacy giving or making gifts to our endowment fund.

E N DOWM E NTS Help safeguard the future of the DSSO by making an endowed gift. Your contribution is an investment in our future, helping us grow and thrive for years to come. Our endowment funds operate like a perpetual interest-bearing bank account. A portion of the interest earned is used to support the DSSO’s work.

There are many ways to show your commitment to our mission. And remember, no matter how or how much you give, your generosity will make a significant difference in our lives and our work. The Duluth Superior Symphony Orchestra is a 501(c)3 nonprofit organization; your tax-deductible gift may be given by credit card online or over the phone, or by check (send in the mail or stop by our office). Learn more at www. dsso.com or by calling Brandon VanWaeyenberghe at 218-623-3777.

S TOC K S/S EC U R ITI E S Gifts of appreciated assets can be gifted directly to the DSSO and can provide an added tax benefit for you. LEG AC Y SOC I E T Y One of the easiest and more important ways to support the DSSO is by remembering our organization with a planned or deferred gift. By including the DSSO in your will, as a beneficiary under your retirement plan, trust or insurance policy, you are helping ensure that we can continue our mission for years to come. Your gift may also entitle your estate to important tax benefits.

A N N UA L G IVI N G Making your annual membership contribution to the DSSO can take many forms, including making a pledge or a cash gift.

Benefits of Giving

M E M O R IA L S A N D TR I B U TE G I F TS Establishing a memorial or tribute gift is a meaningful way to support our mission while honoring a loved one or celebrating a special occasion. Your gift will recognize someone important in your life while making a difference in the lives of those we serve. VO LU NTE E R Volunteering at the DSSO is another meaningful way to support our mission. Volunteering can include any of the following activities (this list is not all encompassing): • Helping with special mailing projects (applying labels, stuffing envelopes, closing envelopes, etc.) • Assisting at concerts as a greeter, staffing our marketing table, setting up chairs, etc. • Other duties as assigned Please contact MaryAnn Bernard for more information: mbernard@dsso.com or 281-623-3785. If you would like to make a gift to the DSSO it’s simple. Here are some options: 1) C  lip out the coupon below and return it to DSSO, 130 West Superior Street, LL2, Duluth, MN 55803 2) Go to the DSSO’s website (www.dsso. com) and click on the donate button 3) S  top in and see us in the lower level 2 of the US Bank Building.

MAESTRO ($25,000 and up)

Donation Amount: $_____________________________________

PRINCIPAL ($10,000 to $24,999)



GUEST ARTIST ($6,000 to $9,999)


FULL CHAIR ($4,500 to $5,999)

In honor of:__________________________________________________________

In memory of:__________________________________________________________

HALF CHAIR ($2,500 to $4,499)

_____ One Time Gift

_____ Recurring Donation

Please list my/our names as follows in the program book:

Include in the listing:

On behalf of:__________________________________________________________

_____ Monthly

_____ Quarter

_____ Annually

Payment Information: If you are making a gift with your credit card or debit card, please be sure the name and address you submit match the billing name and address for the card.

QUARTER CHAIR ($1,200 to $2,499) ACCELERANDO ($600 - $1,199)


ADAGIO ($200-$599)

City:________________________________________ State:________________ Zip:______________________

TEMPO (up to $199

_____ Check Enclosed

_____ Please bill my credit card:

_____Am Ex

Please call the DSSO at 218-623-3776 for more details.

Card #:____________________________________________Exp. Date:_________ Security Code:_________

Address:___________________________________________________________________________________ Phone:_____________________________________ Email:__________________________________________ _____ Discover

_____ MasterCard

_____ VISA


Duluth Superior Symphony Orchestra • 130 West Superior Street • Suite LL2 • Duluth, MN 55802

I N F O R M AT I O N F O R O U R PAT R O N S HOW TO ORDER TICKETS Visit us online at dsso.com for concert information, the DECC seating chart, and single ticket prices. IN PERSON OR BY PHONE • DSSO Office 130 West Superior St., Suite LL2 Duluth, Minnesota Mon-Fri, 9am-4pm Ticket Line 218-623-3776

Parking When parking at the DECC, please keep in mind that you may reach Symphony Hall through most doors, including the DECC parking ramp. Patrons may also park downtown and take the skywalk to the DECC. Parking is $5 per car. Note: Please arrive early to ensure that you find a parking space. Refreshments Bars serving soft drinks, wine and mixed drinks are located in the main floor lobby.

• DECC Box Office 350 Harbor Drive Duluth, Minnesota Mon-Fri, 10am-5pm No phone orders; call 218-727-4344 to ensure Box Office is open or for questions. Box office opens at 10am day of performance for walk-up sales. Online www.ticketmaster.com Group Ticket Sales Group discounts are available for most performances. Call 218-623-3776 for information. Special Pricing for Students, Military, and Seniors Student tickets are available to persons ages 6-18 or with a current valid student ID for regular season classical and pops concerts. Military discount available to persons with valid military ID. (One ticket per valid ID.) Patrons 62 years and older receive a discount on most ticket purchases. FOR YOUR COMFORT AND SAFETY Coat Check A self-service coat check is located just inside the main floor lobby on both sides under the stairs leading to the mezzanine level. Emergency Exits Fire exits are located on all levels and marked accordingly. The lighted “EXIT” sign nearest your seat is the shortest route outdoors. In case of emergency, please walk – do not run – to your exit, unless otherwise instructed. Do not use elevators for emergency exits. Lost and Found Lost articles may be claimed at the guest services office at concert time. At other times, contact the DECC box office at 218-727-4344.

Restrooms Men’s and women’s restrooms are located in the main floor lobby and mezzanine level lobby. CONCERT ETIQUETTE Latecomers Concerts begin promptly. Out of courtesy to musicians and other patrons, latecomers and those who must leave during the performance will be seated or reseated between complete works or at intermission. TV monitors are available in the auditorium lobby for viewing the live performance. Does It Beep or Glow? Please turn off beepers on watches, paging devices, cell phones, iPads, e-books and the like during the performance. Save your texts and tweets for intermission and/or after the concert (and be sure to use #DSSOmn)! Expecting a call? Patrons cannot be paged. If you are expecting a call please leave your name and seat number at the Guest Services office. Leave the DECC phone number, 218-722-5573, and your seat location with whomever may contact you. Young Patrons Children ages six and up accompanied by an adult are welcome to attend DSSO concerts. For children under the age of six, please join the DSSO for our Lollipop and Youth Orchestra concerts especially designed for our youngest patrons. If you must bring a child under the age of six years, please be respectful of other patrons. Seating is available in the mezzanine lobby if you must exit Symphony Hall. Perfume and Cologne Because of close seating quarters, we ask that you either refrain from using or use very lightly any fragrances. Your fellow patrons with fragrance allergies will be very appreciative.

Thanks to our sponsor for the School Spotlight.

ACCESSIBILITY FOR PATRONS Handicapped Parking •O  n the surface parking lot near Entrance B (City Side Convention Center) •N  ear the entrance to AMSOIL Arena • I n the parking ramp on all levels with an elevator located in the northeast corner of the ramp. The elevator transports guests to the ground floor or to the skywalk level (3rd level) of the ramp which connects directly to the DECC. A state-issued disabled placard or license is required for this area. Guests are encouraged to drop off handicapped individuals at their event entrance, then park. There are elevators at the Paulucci Doors and Entrance B. Handicap Accessibility at the DECC Ramps are provided at all entries and elevators are located throughout the building. Restrooms are accessible for all guests. If additional assistance is needed while attending an event at the DECC, please contact your nearest usher, event staff member, or the Guest Services Office located in the Main Ticket Lobby. Tickets are available for accessible seats – spaces specifically designed for wheelchairs and including features such as accessible approach, location at grade, clear floor space, and larger dimensions. Our companion ticket policy allows guests with special needs to purchase up to three tickets along with their own in our designated accessible seating area. If a guest requests more than four tickets we will locate any additional tickets as close as possible to their location. Tickets for accessible seating may be purchased through the DSSO Box Office, the DECC Ticket Office, and all Ticketmaster locations. Listening devices for the hearing impaired are located in the Guest Services Office in the Main Ticket Lobby. To ensure that the devices are promptly returned, a major credit card or a driver’s license is required to use the devices. Service animals are welcome at the DECC.

Coming to you from the ALLETE Stage

Duluth Superior Symphony Orchestra Northern Sounds 2019/2020 – Volume 1 | 35



Thank you to the following corporate and individual contributors who have given in support of the DSSO since January 1, 2019. MAESTRO ($25,000 and up) Margaret Dale Ames Lifetime Trust McKnight Foundation Minnesota State Arts Board The Charles and Carolyn Russell Family Foundation US Bank PRINCIPAL ($10,000 to $24,999) Helena Jackson & Doug Dunham Elisabeth C. Mason Pachel Foundation William & Saundra Palmer Verna & Arend Sandbulte in support of the concertmaster chair through the Sandbulte Orchestra Leadership Fund Janet R. Sklaris Muriel Whiteside Charitable Trust Mary & James Zastrow GUEST ARTIST ($6,000 to $9,999) Martha Aas The Estate of Mr. John Elliott James & Christabel Grant St. Luke’s Hospital Sharon & Michael Mollerus Henry & Terry Roberts FULL CHAIR ($4,500 to $5,999) Allete, Inc. Dr. Vicki & Terry Anderson Robert T. & Barbara K. Bennett John & Kathy Berchild Elizabeth & Richard Burns Mark Danielson & Theresa M. Smith Karl Diekman Gary Foley Beth Gilbert Happy Sleeper Mattress Elaine Killen Ellen Marsden Cheryl & Joe Meese Nancy Odden & Doug Britton Robert & Sharon Wahman HALF CHAIR ($2,500 to $4,499) Stack Brothers Mechanical Contractors Laura Budd Adelaide M. Cline

Northern Mechanical/Plumbing Contractors Association Marcia & Gary Doty Ruth Ann Eaton Thomas & Barbara Elliott Mark & Nancy Melhus James & Kathleen Sanders Brad Schmugge, CPA Jacquie & Jim Sebastian Jane S. Smith Memorial Fund QUARTER CHAIR ($1,200 to $2,499) Anonymous Natascha & Ramin Artang Sandra Barkley BNSF Railway Foundation Linda & Mark Boben Judge David & Gloria Bouschor Jared & Leslie Broadway Lurene Buhrmann Jeffrey & Vickie Cadwell Alison Jean Clarke Stephen & Lauri Cushing Rose & Lester Drewes Rondi Erickson Robert & Mary Evans James & June Farkas Ruth Frederick Robert & Angelica Fryberger Kay & Walt Gower Ron & Kay Gustafson Jeremy Hoglund and Andréa Mueller Hoglund Glen Holt Sylvia Jamar Jeri & Gale Kerns Joel & Catherine Koemptgen Matthew & Tina Koecher Family Diane M. Kolquist & James Seitz J. Clark & Jean Laundergan in Memory of Warren & Viola Askeland Ann Mars David & Patricia Mast Tom & Alice McCabe Nancy Melander Susan Meyer Mark & Grace Monson Nordling Family Fund May & Vern Nordling Dean Peterson & Deborah Rausch Father Andrew Ricci Timothy & Adeline Sandor in Memory of Joseph A. Sandor Kenneth Schoen

36 | Duluth Superior Symphony Orchestra Northern Sounds 2019/2020– Volume 1

Thomas & Janice Shuey Lane Fryberger Smith Donna & Dennis Soukup South Pier Inn Tom & Mimi Stender Carolyn Sundquist Richard & Cecile Swenson John Ivey Thomas & Mary Rees Thomas Family Foundation Fund Roberta Vose Andrea Wahman & Lee Zimmerman Gudrun & Geoffrey Witrak ACCELERANDO ($600 to $1,199) Mary Ann & Dell Bernard Jan Biga Terrence & Kathy Clark Margaret Foss Jeremy & Carol Fryberger Carlton & Judy Gustafson Joan & Thomas Hedin Pamella Jacobson Taylor Johnson Margaret Joynes Kiwanis Club of Friendly Duluth Robert & Priscilla Knighton Dennis Lamkin Donn Larson William & Irene Moser Heather A. Muster Gerald & Mary Ann Ostroski William & Kay Slack Patrick Spott & Kay Biga Valentini’s Vicino Lago ADAGIO ($200 to $599) Benedictine Sisters of St. Scholastica Monastery Bill Anderson Evelyn M. Anderson Allen Anway in Memory of Dorothy Anway Chuck & Judyth Babst Leonore Baeumler Susanne & Johan Bakken Daniel & Marjorie Bergeland Doug & Karen Buell Mark & Cathy Casper Kate Dean Dorene Degidio R. Craft & Ellie Dryer Tom & Joanne Ellison Margaret Fawcett Martha & Conrad Firling

DSSO CONTRIBUTORS Thank you to the following corporate and individual contributors who have given in support of the DSSO since January 1, 2019. John M. Fochs Kayla & Dan Foley Julie A. Ford Claudia French Diane Dinndorf Friebe & Joseph M. Friebe Patricia Gannon John Gibbs Barbara & William Gravelle Hope Heikkinen Robert & Lois Heller Barbara & Bob Hjort Paul Holm Jane & Jack Jarnis Dr. David Jennings Dennis Johnson Ruth R. Johnson Barbara Johnson-Kim Ronald Kari in Memory of Bradley Bombardier Milka Kleiner John, Judith & James Lampi Sharon Layon & Neil Nelson Martin Lee, RN, MBA Charlie & Jean Leibfried in Honor of Tom & Mary Donahue Paul & Nancy Lokken Dr. John & Mrs. Michelle Magdsick Gary & Darla Meier Betty Melde Dirk & Paula Meyer Norma Miles Pam Moore & Jon Stephenson Wende & James Morrell Dan & Cathy Mundt Judith A. Newman Barbara L. Olson in Honor of Betty A. Melde & in Memory of R. James Melde David J. Ouse Gerald Ruona Dr. John Schrock & Mary Berube James & Judith Stewart Thom & Cindy Storm Anita Swanson Thirsty Pagan Brewing Thrivent Financial Sharon L. Torrison in Memory of David Vose & Don Niemi Rajiv Vaidyanathan Pat Wellberg Elaine Wickstrom TEMPO (up to $199) Janet Akervik James J. Amato John & Cathy Ameel Deb Anderson & Ed Herzog Patricia Anscomb Kathleen Antilla in Memory of Marge Kuehn Judith & James Bailey

Lee Ball Jane & Thomas Barthell Susan Bathory & Donald Lane Barbara Bentz Ronald & Terry Blaisdell Joanne M. Blakeslee Gary Boelhower & Gary Anderson Angie Bomier Shirleyann Brandser Wendy Buczynski Jan Carey Peggy Carlson Nancy Carroll David Carter Timothy & Leslie Churchill Dianna Crandall Bill and Kathy Croke Carolyn & Alan Diamond Michael & Carol Donahue Jeanne Doty Duraine Egan Hendershot Joe Ehlers & Sarah Nelson Jeff Elliott Karen Erickson Marie Fegley David Flemming Edward Flenz Donald Gaalaas in Honor of the Youth Orchestras Program Robert Goodin Paul Gustad Joanne Hagen Larry & Jean Hammargren Jim & Shirley Herman Robert & Joyce Hickman Patricia Holliday Diane Holliday-Welsh Wayne Holmberg Mary Ann & Oliver Houx Pat Jirsa Donald & Mary John Edna & George Johnson Marlene Johnson Matthew Johnson Carol & Bob Kelley Robert Kidd Patti Kleimola Dorothy Knudsen Katie & Bob Kuettel Damien Kujawa Dr. Jerome Kwako Jean & Steve L’Abbe in Memory of Bradley Bombardier Anne Laible Devereaux Lalond Barb Lamaster Paul Lee Patricia Luder Joyce Lund Judy MacGibbon

Joan Mahle Audrey Markon James Martin Patricia Young Massie Patty Mester Joseph & Jodi Milli William Miner Catherine Morin Janet & John Murphy Nancy Neilson Susan Nelson Ryan & Natasha Nordrum in Memory of Dirk Robert Nordrum Terry Olson Margaret Oman Mary Ostman John Pastor Barb Pearman Judy G. Pearson Ann Pellman Marylou Perham Greg Pesola Barry & Elizabeth Peterson Richard & Linda Peterson Anne Peterson Bauers Mary Kay Plank Antoinette Poupore-Haats James Proudlock Frances L. Reed Jack Renick Delores Rogers Steve & Janet Rosen Michael & Betsy Rosenzweig Carol Saranpaa Eileen Schantz-Hansen Helen Sever Eugene Shull James Slocum Tobin Sobaski Barbara Soufflet Carol Spencer Craig & Sandra Sterle Claryce Swensen Barbara Teske Kathleen Thibault Ruth Thorpe in Honor of Vincent Osborn Donna Trostad Nancy Turchi Sharon van Druten Judith Van Dyne Jennifer Wabrowetz Dana T. Waldbillig Lue Ann Warcholak Mark & Carol Weitz Trevor L. White in Memory of Alberte & Trevor White Cathy & Kirby Wood Jay & Helyn Woolf Beva Lee Wunderlich

Duluth Superior Symphony Orchestra Northern Sounds 2019/2020 – Volume 1 | 37

See the whole picture Weis Eye Center is the only Practice in the Northland to offer blade-free z-Lasik surgery.

Call (218) 625 1917 www.weiseyecenter.com

38 | Duluth Superior Symphony Orchestra Northern Sounds 2019/2020– Volume 1

Because you matter

to the last moment of your life.

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...Our Vibrant Community.

For over 85 years, Ecumen Lakeshore has been committed to providing quality care to the Twin Ports community. We invite you to view our distinctive floor plans and explore the different neighborhoods at Lakeshore, including independent apartments, assisted living apartments, and secure apartments for residents with memory loss. Our short-stay rehabilitation center provides exceptional nursing and physical, occupational, and speech therapy services. The caring professionals of Ecumen Home CareLakeshore provide compassionate, skilled care to assist you with healing and healthy living.


The Simple Way to Give Former DSSO Board President Jim Zastrow and his wife Mary make their annual gift to the symphony by setting up monthly installments. With the DSSO’s Automatic Withdrawal Program, you can give your annual gift in the form of convenient installments. If you would like to participate in our Automatic Withdrawal Program, please call the DSSO Office for details. 218-623-3776. dsso.com

www.ecumenlakeshore.org • (218) 625-7100 4002 London Rd, Duluth, MN 55804

Duluth Superior Symphony Orchestra Northern Sounds 2019/2020 – Volume 1 | 39



Fall – Volume 1

The magazine of the Duluth Superior Symphony Orchestra is free of charge to symphony concert goers. It is distributed locally to select locations.

BOARD OF DIRECTORS 2019-2020 John Berchild, Board Chair

Mamie Hughes, Past Chair

Christabel Grant, Vice Chair

Robert Bennett, Treasurer

Sandra Barkley, Secretary


James Farkas

Michael Mollerus

James Sebastian

Robert T. Bennett

Beth Gilbert

Mark Monson

Nairi Stack

John Berchild

Christabel Grant

William “Buzz” Palmer

Rajiv Vaidyanathan

Linda Boben

Jeremy Hoglund

Fr. Andrew Ricci

Christopher Virta

Ruth Ann Eaton

Tina Koecher

Branden Robinson

Roberta Vose

James McLeod

Kathleen Sanders



Laura Budd

Dirk Meyer

(2012 – present)

Elaine Killen

Markand Thakar

(2001 – 2012)

Dexter Larsen

Yong-yan Hu

(1995 – 2000)

Elisabeth Mason

Taavo Virkhaus


Nancy Melander

Joseph Hawthorne


James Zastrow

Hermann Herz


Joseph Wagner


Tauno Hannikainen

(1942 – 1947)

Paul Lemay

(1932 – 1942)


Brandon VanWaeyenberghe, Executive Director MaryAnn Bernard, Director of Office Administration Jeff Elliott, Sales Jessica Leibfried, Development and Patron Services Director Melissa Lentz, Patron Services and Marketing Manager Kathleen Sanders, Finance Consultant


Richard Robbins, Chorusmaster

The DSSO provides a complimentary bus service to Symphony Hall, with three bus routes picking up across Duluth and Superior. Initially, this service was put into place to provide transportation to our patrons in senior living facilities in the Twin Ports. The service has now grown to cater even more concert-goers, including those that don’t want to deal with downtown traffic, those traveling from outside the Duluth-Superior area, and anyone who just doesn’t enjoy driving during those dark winter evenings.

We are so grateful to be able to provide this amazing service to our patrons, and want to continue it for years to come. The Symphony Bus service costs the organization over $15,000 per season, and in an effort to keep the service running, we ask a $5 donation per rider. Donations can be made when you make your reservation (one is required to ride) over the phone with our Box Office staff, during your ride to Symphony Hall with a Bus Ambassador, or at Symphony Hall. Your donation will contribute to the cost of the service, as well as any necessary materials for our volunteer Bus Ambassadors.

BUS 1 5:30 pm: National Bank of Commerce - Superior, WI


Dirk Meyer, The Charles A. & Carolyn M. Russell Music Director

1127 Tower Avenue, Superior, WI 5: 45 pm: Super One Foods (West Duluth)

Ho-Yin Kwok, Assistant Conductor

5300 Bristol Street, Duluth, MN Parking: Please park in the BACK lot

Heidi Lord, Director of Artistic Operations Maureen Breemeersch, Stage Manager Kristin Sande, Music Librarian


behind the building, by their loading dock off of Bristol Street. 6:00 pm: Park State Bank (27th Ave W) 2630 West Superior Street, Duluth, MN


Nikki Norland, Chorus Administrator

Melanie Sever, Administrative Director & Concert Orchestra Conductor

5:30 pm: Ecumen Lakeshore

Beth Sobczak, Chorus Accompanist

Ho-Yin Kwok, Interim Youth Symphony Conductor

5:40 pm: Mount Royal Pines III

Laura Kimmes, Sinfonia Conductor (on leave for 2019)


Kevin Hoeschen, Sinfonia Conductor (2019)

5:30 pm: Westwood

Brett Jones, Percussion Ensemble Director History of performances is provided by Ronald Kari who is in his 58th season Duluth Superior Symphony Orchestra 130 West Superior Street, LL2-120 Duluth, MN 55802 TICKETS 218–623–3776 tickets@dsso.com | www.dsso.com

Ronald Kari, Youth Orchestras Coordinator

4002 London Road, Duluth, MN

50 East St. Marie Street, Duluth, MN

CSS Campus 925 Kenwood Ave, Duluth, MN 5:40 pm: First Methodist (Coppertop) Church 230 E Skyline Pkwy, Duluth, MN Parking: Please park in the large East lot. 6:00 pm: Valentini’s

Layout, design, and printing of Northern Sounds by Arrowhead Printing, Inc. The Podium is provided and maintained by Builder’s Commonwealth

42 | Duluth Superior Symphony Orchestra Northern Sounds 2019/2020– Volume 1

1400 London Road, Duluth, MN


masterpiece Belshazzar’s Feast, a choral and orchestral tour de force on the suspenseful story of the writing on the wall

“Happy birthday to you…”

from the Book of Daniel. For this concert, members of the

Your DSSO Symphony Chorus turns 60 this year and you are invited to celebrate with us, not once, but three times this season! Dirk and I are especially excited about this year’s chorus offerings, which feature some- thing for everyone. In November, join the Symphony Chorus, Orchestra, and singers from Lyric Opera of the North for some of Opera’s Greatest Hits, including some of the most moving and exciting

Chorus will be joined by singers from all three of our area universities. If you love percussive and dramatic works like Carmina Burana, you won’t want to miss this one! We look forward to sharing our 60th anniversary year with you, and we’ll see you next season. - Richard Robbins, DSSO Chorusmaster

moments in all of music. February’s concert, Happy Birthday, Ludwig!, features the famous Choral Fantasy by Beethoven, and we will also present the DSSO’s first-ever performance of Brahms’ beautiful Schicksalslied (“Song of Destiny”). Schicksalslied is sometimes called the “little Requiem,” a reference to Brahms’ beloved Ein Deutsches Requiem, and after hearing it I know you will understand why it is considered by many musicians to be his very best choral work. We end the concert season in May with William Walton’s towering

Duluth Superior Symphony Orchestra Northern Sounds 2019/2020 – Volume 1 | 43

Proud to Support DSSO Shops

A Place For Fido Duluth Kitchen Co. Fitger’s Brewhouse Beer Store Fitger’s Wine Cellars Gourmet Market Lotus on the Lake The Bookstore at Fitger’s The Snow Goose Trailfitters Whimsy

Restaurants Fitger’s Brewhouse Mexico Lindo The Boat Club

Nightclubs The Barrel Room Rex Bar


Fitger’s Salon & Spa

Duluth’s Historic Fitger’s Inn ~ Proud sponsors of the featured artist! * FREE covered parking with validation!


Performances are more powerful when we all play our part.

From the stage to the seats, everyone who supports the arts deserves applause. We’re honored to play a role in making our community more inspiring. U.S. Bank is proud to support the Duluth Superior Symphony Orchestra!

Downtown 723.2800

Kenwood 720.1076

Member FDIC. Š2014 U.S. Bank

Lakeside 720.1042

Lincoln Park 720.1053

Miller Hill 723.2938

Spirit Valley 720.1067


MACK HARRELL 1909-1960

When the DSSO and Matinee Musicale first considered inviting Lynn Harrell for his current residency in Duluth, it was with the hope of honoring his father, the baritone Mack Harrell, who gave a recital at Duluth’s Pilgrim Congregational Church during the autumn of 1948. As fate would have it, tonight marks the exact anniversary of that recital. Mack Harrell was born in Celeste, Texas. After studying violin at Oklahoma City University, he prepared as a singer at the Curtis Institute (Philadelphia) and Juilliard (New York). Mack was the winner of the Metropolitan Opera Auditions in 1938, and served on the company’s roster from 1939 to 1958. At the time of his Duluth recital for Matinee Musicale, Mack was on the music faculty at Juilliard. His son Lynn, born in 1944, would have been 4 years old. In addition to appearing in major roles from the standard repertoire, Mack performed the role of Nick Shadow in the 1953 U.S. premiere of Stravinsky’s The Rake’s Progress. Mack was also highly regarded for his performances in lieder and oratorio. The late author Nicolas Slonimsky once praised Harrell for the “remarkable lyrical beauty” of his voice. Harrell’s outstanding recordings with conductors such as Bruno Walter and Eric Leindsorf remain in print and confirm Slonimsky’s assessment. Brad Snelling, College of St. Scholastica Library

2019 - 2020


NOV 23 A Night at the Opera: 2019 Opera’s Greatest Hits Concert with the DSSO DECC • Duluth, MN

ON TOUR Little Opera of the North 2019 - 2020

Presents Opera for the Young’s adaptation of Massenet’s Cinderella.

JAN 24 & 26 Amahl and the Night Visitors 2020

Gian Carlo Menotti


FEB 14 Valentine’s Day Soiree 2020

LOON’s biggest fundraising event of the year. Fancy fun, food and music. GREYSOLON BALLROOM • Duluth, MN

JUN 12 & 14 Tosca 2020

Giacomo Puccini NORSHOR THEATRE • Duluth, MN



This activity is made possible in part by the voters of Minnesota through a grant from the Arrowhead Regional Arts Council, thanks to appropriations from the Minneosota State Legislature’s general and arts and cultural heritage funds.

46 | Duluth Superior Symphony Orchestra Northern Sounds 2019/2020– Volume 1


Go ahead make your day. Weekdays happen. Might as well make them beautiful. Turn to the power of Classical MPR to elevate the everyday.

Tune in or stream at classicalmpr.org.

The Slice

An on-air and online series devoted to the moments, people and events that make the Northland amazing. Watch at www.theslice.tv.


Locally-Focused. Regionally Recognized. All New Seasons Premiere January 2020 on PBS North.

Season 3

Season 15

This multi-Emmy-nominated series highlights the musicians, makers and creative entrepreneurs that call Northern Minnesota home.

This award-winning, nationally-syndicated series celebrates Native American culture, leaders and events in the Midwest and across the US. WDSE • WRPT is the first PBS station to create a program of its kind.

Catch up on the latest episodes at makingitupnorth.org

Catch up on the latest episodes at nativereport.org


because local matters!

D A V E A N D E R S O N | K R I S T E N V A K E | A N T H O N Y M A T T | K E L LY H I N S E T H


TAKE A BOW, SPONSORS We are pleased to offer a big thank you to our sponsors for the 2019-2020 season. Their generous support makes it possible for the DSSO to bring world-class concerts, educational programs and community outreach to the Northland.


Member FDIC

This activity is made possible by the voters of Minnesota through a Minnesota State Arts Board Operating Support grant, thanks to a legislative appropriation from the arts and cultural heritage fund.







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Bent Paddle - Duluth Collaborative Design by Shelter Architecture and BP Ownership for Bent Paddle Brewing Co.’s new Taproom - fire clay tile installed by Johnson Carpet


(218) 628-2249

Mon, Tue, Wed, Fri: 9:00am-5:30pm Thurs: 9:00am-7:00pm Sat: 9:00am-3:00pm


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DSSO Northern Sounds 19-20 v1 Higher Res  

DSSO Northern Sounds 19-20 v1 Higher Res