Page 1

DUKE CENTER FOR

INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

ANNUAL REPORT: 2017-2018


DUKE CENTER FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT, 2017-2018 ANNUAL REPORT Designed and written by Tiffany Goetzinger for DCID, ©2018

Photo: Emilie Poplett

Duke President Vincent Price meets with Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, who spoke in the 2017-2018 Rethinking Development seminar series. 


regnizteoG ynaffiT :otohP

Dear Friends,

The 2017-2018 school year was energizing for DCID: we marked an expansion of our affiliated faculty, a reboot of our Rethinking Development seminar series, and some exciting new partnerships in our policy advising and Executive Education programs. At the same time, we faced a volatile geopolitical landscape that threatened progress in global development efforts.

As I reflect on our year, I am reminded of what Adam Smith said about the requisites for successful development: “peace, easy taxes, and a tolerable administration of justice.” Our Rotary Peace Center, Public Finance Group, and Master of International Development Policy program have embodied those ideals. By engaging Rotary fellows in conflict resolution, providing policy guidance to governments on domestic resource mobilization, and preparing MIDP fellows for careers in just and sustainable development, DCID’s programs are generating momentum toward Smith’s simple maxim. While events around the world have made this work a little harder, they have also made it more necessary.

We look forward taking on the coming year with your support, and encourage you to stay in touch. Onward,  Indermit Gill, Director

03


CONTENTS Master of International Development Policy

Professional Development Highlights

Duke-UNC Rotary Peace Center

Executive Education

Policy Advising Highlights

Research and Publication Highlights

Media Highlights

Main Events

Our People

04

05 13 15 17 20 21 23 26 28


MASTER of International Development Policy (MIDP) The Master of international Development

Our faculty are similarly diverse and include

Policy degree provides a rigorous,

experts in a wide range of disciplines who bring

interdisciplinary course of study to mid-

practical, international experience into the

career development practitioners and

classroom.

public servants from around the world. Based in the Duke Center for International

Small class sizes allow staff to provide

Development (DCID), a special unit of

personalized services and support. From

Duke's Sanford School of Public Policy, the

assistance on arrival, to guidance on writing and

MIDP program brings together

communication, to social and cultural events,

professionals who learn from both the

MIDP fellows are welcomed by DCID's warm and

faculty and each other.

close-knit community.

The balance of theory and practice is a core element of the MIDP curriculum. We

Graduates of the MIDP program must prepare and

recruit fellows who have a passion and

present a final project. Some examples from 2018:

vision for what they want to achieve, and mentor them through a customized curriculum. Through both a one-year and

Assessing the Potential for Public Private Partnerships in

two-year degree option, fellows leave the

Turkey

program equipped to make a meaningful impact on the world around them.

Peaceful Resolution of Conflict in Peru

Food Waste Policy to Mitigate Climate Change

Protecting Northern Triangle Refugee Women from Sexual and Gender Based Violence on Mexico’s Southern Border

Achieving Sustainable Development and Zero Deforestation in the Cocoa Industry

Addressing Legal Barriers to HIV/AIDS Treatment in Iran

Pursuing Shadows: Tax Evasion, Shadow Economy and Policy Designs in Indonesia

Bridging the Basic Education Gap in Northern Nigeria

Women’s Safe Mobility in the Public Transport System of Phnom Penh, Cambodia

Health Policy Reform in Afghanistan: Targeting Maternal and Infant Mortality

Photo: Tiffany Goetzinger

The Master of International Development Policy program offers a

Certificate in International Development Policy (IDP) to

students enrolled in other full-time graduate programs. In May 2018, 30 graduate students earned the certificate, the secondhighest number since the certificate program began in 1998.

30

International

Development Certificates


our unique master's program The MIDP program combines a core curriculum with flexible, interdisciplinary course options, allowing fellows to craft a custom experience at Duke. For example, this year some took courses from Duke Global Health Institute, Fuqua School of Business, and the Nicholas School of the Environment. 

Fall 2017 Courses

Spring 2018 Courses

Policy Analysis for Development

Applied Development Economics

The Politics of International Aid in Low-Income Countries Public Finance in Developing and Emerging Economies Poverty Reduction and International Finance Institutions Human Rights and Conflict

Fiscal Decentralization and Local Government Finance Social Policy and Development Development and Conflict Monitoring and Evaluation

Empirical Analysis for Economic Development Economic Growth and Development

Public Policy Presentation and Editing Practicum Service Delivery Systems

Public Budgeting and Financial Administration Science, Technology, and Development Policy Capacity Development

Design and Analysis of Public Private Partnerships Strategic Storytelling Impact Evaluation

Institutional Design for Environmental Management and Sustainable Development

Comparative Tax Policy Innovation and Policy Entrepreneurship

Big Debates in Development

Legal Analysis for Development Governance

Monitoring and Evaluation

Development Finance and Resource Allocation

Promoting Accountability of International Agencies for Better Development

Project Management for International Development Negotiations for Public Policy

Introduction to Peace and Conflict Resolution Leveraging Information and Communications Technology for

The Architecture of U.S. Development Assistance Land Management and Development

Development

The program offers specializations in

International Taxation and Public Financial Management, as well as the

option to concentrate in one of six areas: Applied Economics, Development Management and Governance, Environmental Management and Policy, Law and Development, Peace and Conflict Resolution, and Social Policy.

On a scale of 1 to 10, I would definitely give the score of 11 for my International Taxation Program classes. Sanford’s professors are passionate about educating us. The word "tired" is not available in their dictionary.  

- Ryan, Indonesia

06


A DIVERSE COMMUNITY

MIDP Fellows by Region

Oceania

South &South/Central Central America Am

1%

South Asia

7%

12%

In 2017, the MIDP program welcomed 

North America

74 mid-career

development professionals from

31

18%

countries around the world.

East Asia 23%

Sub-Saharan Africa Africa 7%

MIDP Fellows by Gender

Middle East & MENA N. Africa

5 0 %

eF am el

Female

8%

50%

Eurasia 24%

Male

5 0 %

aM el

MIDP Fellows by Sponsor

Self-funded

Other 3%

13%

Int'l Orgs 4%

Foreign Gov't 44%

Foundations 19%

13

Average Years of Experience

U.S. Gov't 17%

07

50%


regnizteoG ynaffiT :otohP

"Before coming here I was managing my

"I was working on USAID projects,

nonprofit in Nigeria, called Kinnect. I

specifically on conflict in Ukraine, before

knew that I needed more knowledge

coming here. I wanted to take time to

and I wanted to change my focus from children's issues to the ever-growing problems of conflict in the region. I love the international richness of the MIDP program-- you forget you're in the U.S. sometimes. Even some of the Americans in the program are so well-traveled, they've been to places in Africa that even I've never been!" 

Bimpe, Nigeria

reflect on the type of work I was doing. I saw a lot of issues with how the development community approaches things. We go into a place and assume we know a lot of things that we don’t actually know. What attracted me to this program in particular was the chance to meet people from all around the world, like Bimpe, and really hear their voices. Not a lot of programs in the U.S. offer that."

Allegra, United States

08


PRACTITIONERS IN RESIDENCE

Catarina de Albuquerque, former UN Rapporteur and current board chair of Water and Sanitation for All (WASH) talks with fellows in a classroom. Experienced regnizteoG ynaffiT :otohP

professionals from international organizations, implementing agencies, and nonprofits give hands-on workshops and presentations for MIDP fellows through the Practitioners in Residence series


ALUMNI PROFILE I chose MIDP because I was looking for a program focused on international development

I use the skills I learned in the MIDP program every day: the importance of looking at the greater picture, evaluating all the stakeholders involved, and analyzing and synthesizing the

that would allow me to grow professionally in the field. Before coming here, I had worked at the Inter-American Development Bank and on USAID projects in Guatemala, I also founded a for-profit social enterprise focused on promoting economic development of artisans in Guatemala. When I found the Rotary Peace Fellowship and the MIDP program, I instantly knew that it was the perfect option for me!

data in order to make wellinformed decisions.

I liked the flexibility that the program offers. Except for the core courses, the program allows you to tailor the coursework according to your professional objectives. The diversity of the program is also great, class discussions get nurtured by the perspectives of fellows from all over the world.

I use the skills I learned in the program every day: the importance of looking at the greater picture, evaluating all the stakeholders involved and analyzing and synthesizing data in order to make well-informed decisions.

My new role at J.Crew combines all of my passions, it brings together all of my previous work experiences, taking them to a whole new level, where the scale of impact is much greater. The fashion industry is at a turning point, where consumers are increasingly aware of the social and environmental impact of garments, and brands and retailers are changing their business practices. Being in a position where you can affect the path of a company and contribute

GONZALO PERTILE Dir. of Corporate Social Responsibility, J.Crew

10

towards moving in a positive direction, to a more sustainable future is really exciting.


ALUMNI ENGAGEMENT

Photo: Tiffany Goetzinger

In 2017-2018: The MIDP alumni network

7

helped read MIDP admissions applications 

7

presented at on-campus events

9 5

comprises more than

800 individuals from

hosted site visits or served on panels during the annual professional development trip to D.C. assisted with MIDP outreach and recruitment

95 countries worldwide

... and countless more engaged through our social media channels and newsletter

Above, Muyatwa Sitali (MIDP '14) presents at a panel discussion on campus in October 2017

11


Photo: Tiffany Goetzinger

At the annual MIDP professional development trip to Washington, D.C., fellows attended panel discussions and site visits with more than 30 nonprofits and international organizations, including the World Bank, Brookings Institution, and Oxfam America. This year, fellows also led workshops and panels for their peers on everything from internship advice to active listening. MIDP alumni were engaged through both formal discussions and a lively networking reception co-hosted by the Duke-UNC Rotary Peace Center 


Professional Development

The MIDP staff offer hands-on services to prepare fellows for careers in international organizations, nonprofits, consulting firms, and senior positions in their respective home country governments.

Over the years, we have hired several top-notch graduates of the MIDP program, thanks to our close working relationship with the professional services office. Caroline is pro-active and a great networker. She's become my go-to for connecting with talented graduates and alumni.

- Marcy Lowe, CEO, Datu Research

W E E K L Y

CAREER

WORKSHOPS

focused on smart CVs,

PERSONALIZED

COACHING S E S S I O N S

to help fellows refine their

SUMMER

INTERNSHIPS

In 2017, the MIDP program provided funding support for fellows in summer internships in places like:

compelling cover letters,

applications and

strategic networking,

approaches to career

confident interviewing,

opportunities, and to reflect

World Bank: Global Indicators, World Bank:

and thoughtful individual

on paths toward their

Environment, World Bank: Int'l Finance Corp, and the

development plans

professional growth

United Nations Development Program

Brookings Institution, Oxfam America, Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN),

ON-CAMPUS

EMPLOYER

PRESENTATIONS

from Oxfam, UNFPA, World Bank, RTI, FHI360, Mercy Corps, and Datu Research

WRITING

&

COMMUNICATION T R A I N I N G Writing and presentation practicums that help fellows improve their professional communications skills are a core part of the MIDP curriculum. In addition, the program offers ongoing support throughout the school year to review and strengthen fellows' writing.   regnizteoG ynaffiT :otohP

Left, MIDP Assistant Director for Professional Development Services Caroline Poole facilitates a workshop in Washington, D.C.


FACULTY PROFILE I came into this position as the writing instructor through a twist of fate. Several years ago I was working at another part of the University doing some teacher training, and I had the chance to collaborate with MIDP Associate Director Stephanie Alt Lamm on a project. She had identified a need for writing coaching for the MIDP fellows. Neither of us were sure what to expect in terms of interest

Now I oversee courses focused on writing and effective presentations, and offer support to our fellows throughout the school year. The biggest challenge I face is how to balance the short-term needs, for example deadlines for the papers, and the long-term needs, which are to give them the space to grow. My goal is to avoid “fixing” and instead help the writers become their own editors so they can retain the skills that we teach them.

from the fellows, but we knew the faculty was supportive about adding this service.

So, I set up shop in a conference room, and suddenly there was a queue! People were much more interested in this service than anyone could have predicted. Now it's an elemental part of our curriculum and something that makes the MIDP program unique.

m

You may have the best idea for policy change, but if you can’t present yourself effectively it won’t matter.

Writing and presentation practicums are important because the issues that our fellows are working on are critical, and the decision makers they are trying to reach are under intense time pressure. If you can’t present your argument quickly and clearly, you will lose your chance to influence policy. You may have the best idea for policy change, but if you can’t present yourself effectively it won’t matter.

What I love most about this program are the fellows. They come in with so much passion and have made so many sacrifices for this opportunity here, it’s awe-inspiring. I am honored to do

DEAN STORELLI INSTRUCTOR, SANFORD SCHOOL OF PUBLIC POLICY

14

everything I can to support their journeys.


DUke-UNC ROTARY PEACE CENTER The Duke-UNC Rotary Peace Center promotes peace through a holistic approach to education by combining peacebuilding and conflict prevention with an emphasis on more sustainable economic, political and human development. One of only six such centers in the world, it is funded by a grant from The Rotary Foundation. Each year, recipients of the Rotary Peace Fellowship enroll in either the Master of International Development Policy (MIDP) program at Duke or at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in one of several master’s degree programs. The Rotary Center accepted 10 fellows for the 2017-18 academic year, five of whom enrolled in MIDP program. Since welcoming its first cohort in 2002, 133 Rotary Peace Fellows have passed through the Center, representing 57 countries.

DANIELA SCHERMERHORN, BRAZIL Daniela Schermerhorn came to MIDP from the Federal District State Police of Brazil, with over 16 years of experience nationally and internationally, and with a special emphasis on peace and conflict resolution. While a Rotary Peace Fellow in the MIDP program, she has excelled and expanded her own horizons as well as the worlds of those around her. For example, she led a team to the finals of the Global Challenge at Duke (a social entrepreneurship competition), published a paper in the Johns Hopkins Journal of Latin American Studies, spent the summer of 2017 working for UNDP in Sri Lanka, and contributed as a Global Peace Index Ambassador with the Institute for Economics and Peace. She is a tireless advocate for Rotary International. She will soon return to her home city of Brasilia, where she will take on a higher level of responsibilities as a newly promoted Police Major.

15


Fellows are not only engaged in academic studies, they also make important contributions to the local community. In the fall of 2017 several fellows launched Leaders for Political Dialogue (LPD), an initiative that aims to create a forum where representative voices, bipartisan and nonpartisan, undergraduate and graduate, can convene to discuss issues and hear each other’s point of view with curiosity and without fear. LPD also aims to foster skills training for participants in community engagement, facilitation and conflict mitigation so they can create similar forums to foster dialogue at home, on campuses, and in communities. 

Thanks to many small grants from the participating universities (Duke, UNC-Chapel Hill, North Carolina State University and North Carolina Central University) and local organizations, LPD will continue in the years to come, under the umbrella of Duke’s Center for Political Leadership, Innovation, and Service (POLIS).


EXECUTIVE EDUCATION Each year our Executive Education programs bring hundreds of professionals to Duke for both open enrollment and custom training programs.

Photo: Tiffany Goetzinger

For more than fifteen years, our Executive Education programs have equipped midcareer and senior-level professionals with the knowledge and tools to strengthen financial and economic management systems in their countries and companies.

The program has something for everybody, from tax administrators to policy makers to academics. My experience at Duke opened

The combination of theoretical knowledge

my eyes about my own country… My view of

and “real-world”experience shared by

the world will never be the same.

faculty and other practitioners gives participants new ways of analyzing and

Patrick, TARF participant

solving international development problems.

17


OPEN EnROLLMENT PROGRAMS In the summer of 2017, almost 100 development professionals and

Participants by Region

Oceania 1%

N. America 7%

Am S.Ctrl/Sth America 5%

Eurasia 3%

government officials came to Duke

Africa

to participate in one of six open-

38%

enrollment programs.

Project Management and Risk Appraisal (PARM)

South Asia 35%

Transfer Pricing: Policy and

East Asia

Practice (TP)

11%

Tax Analysis and Revenue Photo: Tiffany Goetzinger

Forecasting (TARF)

Monitoring and Evaluation of Development Programs (M&EDP)

Fiscal Decentralization and Local Gov't Financial Management (PFD)

Budgeting and Financial Management in the Public Sector (BUDGET)

18


CUSTOM PROGRAMS

DCID offers custom programs for governments and agencies worldwide. The programs are designed by DCID faculty to meet the precise training needs of the client.

Photo: Tiffany Goetzinger

2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS Program

Date

Topic

Chinese Academy of Science                                 September 17-29, 2017                Scientific Innovation and Technology Kunshan Innovation Program                                    October 23-November 1, 2017      Innovation and Technology Guangdong Academy of Science                            October 29-November 18, 2017   Scientific Innovation and Technology Thai Judges Program                                                March 5-March 16, 2018               US Election Law Bangladesh Public Administration Training Ctr.       April 22-May 11, 2018                    Leadership Bangladesh MoPA Program 1                                    May 15-26, 2018                           Negotiation Skills & Capacity Building India Post and Telecom Accounts                            June 2-9, 2018                              Finance and Telecom Policy Bangladesh MoPA Program 2                                  June 17-29, 2018                           Negotiation Skills & Capacity Building Bangladesh MoPA Program 3                                  July 1-13, 2018                                Negotiation Skills & Capacity Building Middle East Leadership (World Learning)                July 29-August 24, 2018               Civic Leadership and Engagement

19


POLICY ADVISING

Our faculty travel around the globe to analyze policy and advice governments and

2017-2018 HIGHLIGHTS

international organizations.

Fernando Fernholz led a team that included Graham

With support from the Gates Foundation, DCID collaborated

Glenday, Alimamy Kamara (MIDP '09), and Senior Fellow

with the Duke Global Health Institute (DGHI) to create the

Fernando Cossío-Muñoz, to perform an integrated

Center for Policy Impact in Global Health, which is focused

feasibility study of a proposed airport in Freetown, Sierra Leone. (financial, economic and distributive)

How best can domestic resources for health be mobilized and how can the on answering a key question:

efficiency of domestic health spending be improved? The On October 28, the capital of Bangladesh became the latest city to sign onto the

Zero TB Cities Initiative. DCID

associate in research Tom Nicholson (MIDP ‘14) was one of

collaboration has led to several projects led by G.P. Shukla, Sandeep Bhattacharya, Richard Hemming, Graham Glenday, and Roy Kelly. 

the architects of the project. Nicholson's team also helped lead the development of the TB Drug Access Atlas, a map of

Indermit Gill, Estuardo Pineda, and Kenan Karakulah co-

initiatives aimed at addressing challenges related to the

developed a study with international consulting firm SEEK on

supply of second line drugs to treat drug-resistant

tuberculosis.

Development Assistance for Health for Universal Coverage," commissioned by the World Health Organization (WHO). DCID provided research and analysis on

Roy Kelly designed and delivered three one-week workshops

domestic revenue mobilization (DRM) in

development assistance for health and helped create an

for USAID on

analytical framework and detailed codebook that enables

Washington, D.C. in November 2017, February 2018, and

systematic assessment across countries.

June 2018. This was done through a Nathan Fernando Fernholz, Graham Glenday, Indermit Gill, Fernando

Associates/USAID contract.

Cossío-Muñoz, and Siddharth Dixit, along with colleagues Also through a Nathan/USAID contract, Fernando Fernholz

from the Nicholas School of the Environment and the Pratt

and research associate Estuardo Pineda traveled twice to

School of Engineering, completed a study for the World Bank

Mozambique for work on a Cost Effectiveness Analysis

on

(CEA) to assist the government in

evaluating malnutrition

interventions. On the second trip, the DCID team led three

public investment management in the presence of higher uncertainty due to climate change impacts in the Caribbean.

days of successful presentations on the results, along with “train the trainer” workshops for government officials to be

Phyllis Pomerantz was appointed to the Advisory Board for

able to continue the work.

Ending Hunger Sustainably. EHS, funded by the Gates Foundation and GTZ, (Germany)  is a new initiative by

pilot Country Private Sector Diagnostic for Kazakhstan by a joint Indermit Gill served as senior adviser for a

International Finance Corporation - World Bank team and again for the team carrying out a diagnostic for Uzbekistan.

Cornell, the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), the International Institute for Sustainable

identifying evidence-based key actions to meet the Sustainable Development Goal of increasing the productivity and incomes of small farmers. Development (IISD) and Duke aimed at

Estuardo Pineda collaborated with the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (AND), Fundegua, and Wuqu'Kawoq on a

interventions in chronic child malnutrition in Guatemala. The goal of the project, called project mapping

Conectate Guate, is to synthesize stakeholder efforts across the country and encourage synergies that would strengthen the country’s efforts overall.  

Estuardo Pineda (left) and Fernando Fernholz (right) with Leandro Jorge of Nathan Associates, a private consulting firm and frequent DCID collaborator


RESEARCH & PUBLICATIONS HIGHLIGHTS Gavin Yamey and Indermit Gill co-authored an article that offers suggestions for providing needed financing for efforts to prevent global pandemics: “Financing of international collective action for epidemic and pandemic preparedness.” The Lancet Global Health, Volume 5, Number 8.

MIDP alumni

Siddharth Dixit, Kenan Karakulah and Garri Kasparov contributed to the

2017 "Enabling the Business of Agriculture (EBA)" report, released by the World Bank in

7102 LLAF

September.

G.P. Shukla co-authored a World Bank report titled, "Strengthening Domestic Resource Mobilization: Moving from Theory to Practice in Low- and Middle-Income Countries." The report outlines how the Bank can play a lead role in helping countries reform their tax policy and administration to obtain the resources necessary for sustainable development.

Francis Lethem and Hyunsoo Kim wrote about the potential unintended consequences of philanthropy. Kim's research focuses on the negative impacts of solar panel supply in Haiti, TOMS shoes, and drug donations to developing countries, while Lethem draws parallels between Kim's findings and DCID's experience in international development. “The Ethical Issue of Contemporary Philanthropy: Unintended Negative Consequences of Philanthropy.” Management Review, Volume 12, Number 1.

Silvia Fontana (MIDP '14) was published in Springer's Global Encyclopedia of Public Administration, Public Policy, and Governance. Her contribution aims to explain the complexity of theories and practices on sustainable human development, with a focus on the SDG16 ("peace, justice, and strong institutions").

Subhrendu Pattanayak and Andy Haines (LSHTM) argue that when it comes to planetary health, even innovative proposals may be set up to fail because insufficient attention has been given to implementation on the ground in “Implementation of policies to protect planetary health.” The Lancet Planetary Health, Volume 1, Number 7.

Roy Kelly co-authored a chapter in The Sri Lankan Economy: Charting a New Course (2017). Kelly's chapter, entitled “Financing Sustainable Urbanization in Sri Lanka” was co-authored by Asoka S. Gunawardena, Chairman of the Sri Lankan think tank the Marga Institute.

Sarah Bermeo explores the shifting motivations of donor countries and determinants of aid allocation in "Aid Allocation and Targeted Development in an Increasingly Connected World.” International Organization, Fall 2017.

Natalia Mirovitskaya and Robert Healy (Professor Emeritus at the Nicholas School of Environment and one of the co-founders of what is now DCID) launched a new research project called “Development for the New Arctic: Visions, Strategies, Challenges at the Subnational and Local Level.”

21


RESEARCH & PUBLICATIONS HIGHLIGHTS Sarah Bermeo published a book, Targeted Development, exploring the shifts in development strategies of wealthy countries through the lens of foreign aid, trade agreements, and climate finance.

Gavin Yamey, who leads the DCID/DGHI collaborative Center for Policy Impact in Global Health, co-authored a chapter in the 3rd edition of Disease Control Priorities. His chapter appears in the culminating Volume Nine of the series and focuses on intersectoral policy priorities for health.

8102 GNIRPS

Anil Kumar (MIDP '15) published an article inspired by his studies under Dr. Natalia Mirovitskaya: "Achieving Gender Equality in Haryana: Sensitising Men to Enable Women." International Journal of Gender Studies in Developing Societies Volume 2, Number 3.

Muyatwa Sitali (MIDP '14) co-authored a World Bank working paper on water supply in the transition from emergency to development. The paper explores this question: "donors supporting countries affected by fragility conflict and violence face a difficult trade-off. Should they deliver urgently needed water supply infrastructure through non-state actors or build the country institutions that deliver water supply?"

Ravtosh Bal published an article in Minerva. "The Rise of Computing Research in East Africa: The Relationship Between Funding, Capacity and Research Community in a Nascent Field" looks at research communities of computer scientists in Kenya and Uganda in the context of neoliberal privatization, commercialization, and transnational capital flows from donors and corporations.

Peter Barnes co-authored a chapter in the United Nations handbook Selected Issues in Protecting the Tax Base of Developing Countries. His chapter, “Limiting Interest Deductions,” summarizes the issues that developing countries face when addressing the deductibility of interest payments determining whether a taxpayer has excessive debt.

Robyn Meeks, along with colleagues from Amherst College and University of Michigan, published a paper in Environmental and Resource Economics. "Waste Not: Can Household Biogas Deliver Sustainable Development?" examines whether biogas, a fuel produced by converting human and animal waste into combustible gas, promoted sustainable development by reducing biomass fuel collection, shifting household time budgets or reducing loss of forest cover.

Indermit Gill and DCID Associates in Research Siddharth Dixit, Kenan Karakulah and Chinmoy Kumar launched a research program on Africa’s "middle income economies." Four working papers have been completed—two on Africa’s growth prospects and public debt, and two on China and India’s economic relations with Africa’s middle income economies. 

22


MEDIA HIGHLIGHTS

NEWSPAPERS

Graham Glenday: Quoted in The Washington Post (July 16, 2017) Although South Africa has the world’s most progressive tax system, according to an article published in The Washington Post on July 16, it is also the world's most unequal country. While taxing the rich more and the poor less can have benefits, many experts argue inequality is more meaningfully addressed by spending on public programs that provide for people’s basic needs while giving them an opportunity to get ahead. Graham Glenday, professor of the practice of public policy at DCID, was quoted in the article. “The basic story is taxes do not change the income distribution,” he said. “Changing the income distribution is much more of a dynamic thing that comes about if poor people can actually move up. That obviously takes, sometimes, generations.”

Peter Barnes: Op-Ed in The Washington Post (September 6, 2017) Peter Barnes's opinion piece, "Low-tax Texas should pay its fair share of Harvey costs" argues that Texas should repay a sizable proportion of its rebuilding costs. Barnes argues that because Texas does not collect income taxes from corporations or individuals, and collects no estate tax, it would not burden residents excessively to pay to rebuild Houston after Hurricane Harvey.  Barnes suggests a long-term loan with low interest rates as a fairer solution.  

Anirudh Krishna: Book Reviewed in The Hindu (October 21, 2017) The Hindu reviewed Anirudh Krishna’s book, The Broken Ladder, which dives into poverty and policy interventions in India. Reviewer Uma Mahadevan Dasgupta said, "[The Broken Ladder] is a humane, thoughtful study about the challenges facing India in the 21st century."

Peter Barnes: Op-Ed in The Hill (January 19, 2018) Peter Barnes and David Rosenbloom’s opinion piece, “The US plays Lone Ranger on international tax to its detriment,” discusses the implications of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) and the danger of U.S. isolationism.

Sarah Bermeo: Op-Ed in The Hill (February 9, 2018) In her opinion piece, “Reserving foreign aid for ‘friends’ who agree with the US misses the mark,” Sarah Bermeo underscores the longer-term consequences of the Trump Administration’s approach to foreign aid.

Cory Krupp: Op-Ed in El Universal (March 3, 2018) Cory Krupp published an op-ed in El Universal (Mexico) about the impact of the U.S. exiting the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) trade agreement. "When the TPP is signed in Chile in March, the world may see a new era of weakened U.S. dominance in trade. Although models of world trade have evolved over the past century, rarely has a powerful country like the United States walked away from the table with so much at stake."

Indermit Gill and Kenan Karakulah: Quoted in The Financial Times (April 18, 2018) An article by DCID director Indermit Gill and Kenan Karakulah (MIDP '17), which first appeared in the Brookings Future Development blog was quoted by The Financial Times and CNBC. “The increase in debt [in Africa] should have raised all sorts of flags and triggered triage, but it didn’t. Neither the International Monetary Fund nor the World Bank sounded the alarm." Gill and Karakulah are writing a paper series tackling the issues of African growth, debt, and the continent's relationship with China.

Mariam Matevosyan: Commentary in The Washington Post (April 30, 2018) Mariam Matevosyan (MIDP’19) co-authored an op-ed in The Washington Post about protests in Armenia. "If the experience of Ukraine and other post-Soviet states is any guide, Armenia will find it an arduous task to deliver on its citizens’ demands. The oligarchs and other entrenched interests will push hard to retain their privileges in any new system. For the protests to result in meaningful political and economic reforms, elections will need to be observed, and civil society will need to continue to work with the government and the international community."

23


MEDIA HIGHLIGHTS

GLOBAL TELEVISION Ghada Ahmed on BFM Business (November 22, 2017) Ghada Ahmed's (MIDP '10) report "Russian Wheat Value Chain and Global Food Security" was featured on a French business television program. According to the report, Russia is now a top global wheat exporter, accounting for nearly 30% of global trade. The program commentators said such dominance in wheat exports provides Russia with a new tool to influence the countries (particularly in the Middle East) that became heavily dependent on Russian wheat supplies. Ahmed will also be published in the forthcoming Oxford Handbook of Water, Food and Society.

Cory Krupp on CGTN (April 3, 2018) Cory Krupp was interviewed on the Global Business show on the Chinese CGTN network on the heels of the Trump administration's tariffs announcement.

Estuardo Pineda on SESAN Television (April 26, 2018) Estuardo Pineda (MIDP '17) was interviewed by SESAN Television in Guatemala about his project in partnership with the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, Fundegua, and Wuqu'Kawoq. The collaboration, called Conectate Guate, aims to address chronic malnutrition in the country, starting with a mapping of interventions to generate objective goals.

Future Development Blog

DCID director Indermit Gill co-edits and contributes to this blog run by the Brookings Institution, a think tank based in Washington, D.C. Here are some highlights from 2017-2018:

Judith Kelley: "Scorecard Diplomacy: How Grades Drive Behavior in International Relations" (May 22, 2017)

Subhrendu Pattanayak and Lauren Masatsugu: "New finance for old (technology) problems? Saving the planet with better cook stoves" (June 22, 2017)

Sarah Bermeo: "Not your parents’ foreign aid: The shift from power to proximity and poverty" (September 20, 2017)

Edison Jakurti (MIDP fellow): "Taxing the Digital Economy: It's Complicated" (December 13, 2017)

Indermit Gill: "The End of Aid" (January 19, 2018)

Sarah Bermeo: "Development, Self-Interest, and the Countries Left Behind" (February 7, 2018)

Gavin Yamey and Robert Hecht: "Are tough times ahead for countries graduating from foreign aid?" (March 8, 2018) Indermit Gill and Kenan Karakulah: "Sounding the Alarm on Africa's Debt" (April 6, 2018)


bridging policy and research With the generous support of the Duke Policy Bridge initiative, Professor Sarah Bermeo launched her new book at a panel event at Duke's office in Washington, D.C. that brought together think tanks, government agencies, and academics.

Photo: Tiffany Goetzinger

In her new book, Targeted Development, Sarah Bermeo explains that the world’s wealthiest countries have shifted their approach to international development. Now, countries are focusing less on geopolitical power concerns and more on self-interest, specifically ensuring that the repercussions of underdevelopment abroad don’t hit home. This approach has manifested in policy shifts on foreign aid, trade agreements, and even climate finance. On February 28, Bermeo was joined in Duke’s Washington, D.C. office by colleagues from the Millennium Challenge Corporation, the Center for Global Development, Georgetown University, and the Brookings Institution for a lunchtime panel discussion on the topic.

25


MAIN EVENTS In 2017, DCID relaunched its Rethinking Development seminar series in partnership with the Duke Center for International and Global Studies (DUCIGS)

Photo: Tiffany Goetzinger

On November 7, DCID welcomed Dr. Zhongxia Jin, Executive Director for China at the International Monetary Fund.  Dr. Jin's talk focused on the rapidly growing role of Chinese currency in the global economy.  On February 15, Dr. Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala came to Duke as the Spring Rethinking Development speaker. Okonjo-Iweala is Nigeria's first woman finance minister and the former managing director of the World Bank. Her talk, entitled “Sustaining Africa’s Rise,” delved into the challenging situation facing the continent. While living standards, healthcare, and peace are on the rise- debt, along with deficits in education and energy, remain impediments to progress. Okonjo-Iweala said that Africa’s rise depends on advancing the education of girls, expanding access to energy, and transforming key economies through green infrastructure development. Africa, she said, has a chance not only to rise, but to lead the world.

26


regnizteoG ynaffiT :otohP

A packed room for Dr. Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala in February 2018. The Nigerian finance leader's talk attracted more than 100 people, including Duke undergraduate students from African nations


OUR PEOPLE MAET PIHSREDAEL ROINES

Indermit Gill

Jonathan Abels

Director

Executive Director

Sarah Bermeo, Associate Professor in the Sanford School of Public Policy Roy Kelly, Professor of the Practice of Public Policy Cory Krupp, Professor of the Practice of Public Policy, MIDP Director of Graduate Studies  Francis Lethem, Professor of the Practice Emeritus Subhrendu Pattanayak, Professor in the Sanford School of Public Policy G.P. Shukla, Professor of the Practice of Public Policy 

CENTER FACULTY Catherine Admay, Lecturer of Public Policy

Graham Glenday, Professor of the Practice

Ravtosh Bal, Visiting Lecturer

Richard Hemming, Visiting Professor of the Practice

Peter Barnes, Senior Fellow

Natalia Mirovitskaya, Associate Professor of the Practice

Hans-Martin Boehmer, Visiting Professor of the Practice

Phyllis Pomerantz, Professor of the Practice

Sandeep Bhattacharya, Visiting Assistant Professor

Dean Storelli, Adjunct Lecturer

Fernando Fernholz, Associate Professor of the Practice

Joseph Tham, Visiting Associate Professor

Rosemary Fernholz, Senior Lecturing Fellow

Frank Webb, Visiting Professor of the Practice


STAFF AFFILIATED FACULTY

Jonathan Abels, Executive Director

Joy Baumgartner, Global Health

Felicia Mims, Financial and Grants Manager

Charles Becker, Economics

Jay Tucker, Accounting Supervisor

Tiffany Goetzinger, Communications Manager

Craig Burnside, Economics Robert Conrad, Policy, Economics Erica Field, Economics, Global Health Gary Gereffi, Sociology Bruce Jentleson, Policy, Political Science Marc Jeuland, Policy, Global Health Anirudh Krishna, Policy, Global Health Bruce Kuniholm, Policy Edmund Malesky, Political Science Frederick Mayer, Policy, Political Science Robyn Meeks, Policy Giovanna Merli, Policy, Global Health Manoj Mohanan, Policy, Global Health Alex Pfaff, Policy, Economics, Environment Dirk Philipsen, Policy, Ethics Billy Pizer, Policy, Economics, Environment Timothy Profeta, Environment

MASTER OF INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT POLICY (MIDP) Stephanie Alt Lamm, Associate Director Cheryl Bailey, Assistant Director of Admissions Stephanie Lowd, Assistant Director of Student Services Caroline Poole, Asst. Director of Professional Development Services Katherine Kristoffersen, Program Assistant Akmarzhan Kasmaganbetova, Program Assistant EXECUTIVE EDUCATION Kurt Meletzke, Assistant Director Derek DeLong, Senior Program Coordinator Janelle Keller, Senior Program Coordinator Mirna Dave, Program Assistant DUKE-UNC ROTARY PEACE CENTER Susan Carroll, Managing Director

Marcos Rangel, Policy Brian Stoner, Engineering Duncan Thomas, Economics Krishna Udayakumar, Global Health Jeffrey Vincent, Environment, Policy

ASSOCIATES IN RESEARCH Siddharth Dixit

Kenan Karakulah

Tom Nicholson

Drilona Emrullahu

Chinmoy Kumar

Gonzalo Pertile Estuardo Pineda

Erika Weinthal, Environment, Policy Erik Wibbels, Political Science Gavin Yamey, Global Health Giovanni Zanalda, Economics, History

Non-Resident SENIOR FELLOWS Jamie Boex

Dinesh Dhakal

Tej Prakash

Peter Byrne

Brij Kishore

Kiertisak Toh

Fernando Cossio

Sanjay Kumar

2017-2018 Visiting SCholars Halis Kiral, University of Ankara (Turkey) David Tolbert, Former President, Int'l Center for Transitional Justice (USA)


At the Duke Center for International Development, our faculty, staff, and students are driven by a shared vision: development that promotes peace and prosperity for all people. Through rigorous education for mid-career professionals, training programs for policymakers, and engagement informed by timely research, we are working to make this vision a reality.

Box 90257 | Durham, North Carolina 27708 | USA

Profile for dukedcid

2017-2018 DCID Annual Report  

2017-2018 DCID Annual Report  

Profile for dukedcid
Advertisement