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See Inside Duke crushes LSU Page 6

T H E I N D E P E N D E N T D A I LY AT D U K E U N I V E R S I T Y

MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 9, 2019 DUKECHRONICLE.COM

Stalking up, burglary down at Duke in 2018

ONE HUNDRED AND FIFTEENTH YEAR, ISSUE 8

DUKE DROPS IN US NEWS RANKINGS

By Mona Tong Local and National News Editor

Violence Against Women Act crimes rose at Duke, according to the 2019 Annual Clery Security Report, but administration questioned if the increase is due to a greater frequency of reports. The report revealed Violence Against Women Act offenses—stalking, domestic violence and dating violence—on Duke’s campus rising between 2017 and 2018. The report includes crime statistics from 2016 to 2018 compiled from campus police and security, local law enforcement and University officials responsible for student and campus activities. Crimes are categorized in the report based on the year they were reported, not when they occurred. Reports of stalking and cyberstalking, which had increased significantly from 16 reports in 2016 to 38 in 2017, jumped to 50 reports in 2018. Stalking in a residential facility accounted for only 15 of the 42 total on-campus stalking offenses that were reported last year. Cyberstalking comprised the majority of the reported stalking incidents and were either employee- or visitor-related, Vice President for Administration Kyle Cavanaugh wrote in an email to The Chronicle. “Given that these are new areas of reporting, See STALKING on Page 4

Carter Forinash | Staff Graphics Designer

By Nathan Luzum Managing Editor

Duke is tied with Johns Hopkins at 10th place in the latest U.S. News & World Report rankings, a fall from its position at No. 8 last year. Last year, Duke climbed a spot in the U.S. News rankings to tie the University of Pennsylvania at eighth on the list. The University had remained at the eighth position

since 2015 except for a blip in 2018, when Duke fell to ninth after being overtaken by Penn. Princeton reigns for the ninth consecutive year atop the list, and Harvard continues to play second fiddle in its seventh straight year at the No. 2 position. Following the two Ivy League giants are the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Yale and Columbia all tied for third. Stanford, the University of Chicago, the University of Pennsylvania and Northwestern

University round out the top 10. The Wall Street Journal/Times Higher Education rankings—released Wednesday— ranked Duke 10th, a fall from its seventh place position last year and No. 5 position the year prior. Duke also came in at 17th for Best Undergraduate Teaching in the U.S. News rankings, compared to its 10th place finish a year See RANKINGS on Page 4

FOOTBALL

14 points in 14 seconds: Duke football blows past NC A&T By Dilan Trivedi Associate Sports Editor

Eric Wei | Sports Photography Editor Despite a slow start, Duke managed to overpower North Carolina A&T behind a key 14-point outburst in 14 seconds. Pictured above: Mataeo Durant.

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The scoreline seems to indicate Duke cruised to a blowout victory in its home opener, but for nearly 30 minutes of football, that was certainly not the case. Though the second half was certainly a for the Blue NC A&T 13 breeze Devils, the in-state DUKE 45 FCS challengers found themselves leading heavily-favored Duke 10-7 with less than four minutes left in the first half. However, the Blue Devils sandwiched a fumble recovery with two passing touchdowns in a pivotal 14-second swing that propelled the home team to the break and a 45-13 victory against North Carolina A&T at Wallace Wade Stadium Saturday night. See FOOTBALL on Page 7

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Marine lab reopens after Dorian Profs, longtime friends win award By Ben Leonard Features Editor

After Hurricane Dorian battered Duke’s Marine Lab Thursday with winds of up to 85 mph, the lab is back open. Duke had evacuated students from the Beaufort, N.C., lab to Durham Wednesday morning and canceled classes Wednesday through Friday. The Marine Lab opened up Sunday at 12 p.m., with classes set to restart Monday, the University wrote in a news release. The Marine Lab endured only “relatively minor damage” including a power outage that ended Saturday, downed trees and “rainwater intrusion” in many buildings, the release said. Repairs are being made, according to the release. “We had tremendous support from our friends on main campus, who arranged housing for our residential students and offered their homes to displaced faculty and graduate students,” said Andy Read, director of the Duke Marine Lab, in the release. “As always, our team here in Beaufort made sure that the campus was prepared and our students and staff were safe. We are very fortunate—our thoughts are with those who suffered and lost

so much from this storm.” The lab, about 175 miles southeast of Durham, wasn’t as lucky last year when Hurricane Florence ravaged North Carolina’s coast. After Florence ripped through the area last September leaving water damage and a roof peeled back, it took several weeks for classes to resume and six weeks for “normal operations” to resume. This time around, the facilities team made two major improvements for preparation: improving their “roof system” and installing more storm resistant shutters, Vice President for Administration Kyle Cavanaugh wrote in an email to The Chronicle. Dorian, once a Category 5 hurricane, killed 43 people and left more than 70,000 homeless after wreaking havoc in the Bahamas, CNN reported. Its outskirts did come through the Durham area, but were little more than a typical rainstorm. “We are feeling incredibly fortunate,” Cavanaugh wrote in an email to The Chronicle. “This was a significant storm, which had tremendous impact on the coast, but fortunately the Triangle was spared some of the potential devastating destruction.”

By Jeremy Tang Contributing Reporter

Two Duke political science professors have known each other and worked together since graduate school. Last week, they accepted the 2019 Barbara Sinclair Legacy Award for shaping the field of American legislative politics. The legislative studies section of the American Political Science Association named two Duke professors, John Aldrich, Pfizer, Inc./ Edmund T. Pratt Jr. university professor of political science, and David Rohde, Ernestine Friedl professor of political science, as cowinners of its lifetime achievement award. Colleagues of 50 years, Aldrich and Rohde are well known for their scholarship on congressional elections and theory on the role of American political parties. Georg Vanberg, professor of political science and chair of the political science department, credited the two as being “absolutely critical to achieving” the department’s standing as the seventh best in the country, according to U.S. News & World Report rankings. “Moving into the top ten, that was considerably helped by having both of them in our department and their reputation,” Vanberg said. Aldrich and Rohde first met as graduate students at the University of Rochester in 1970. Rohde recalled his time as a Ph.D. student fondly, describing it as “one of the happiest times of my life.” Aldrich added that he was “awestruck” by his classmates. In the 1970s, the nascent University of Rochester Ph.D. program in political science was home to a number of future political science heavyweights. Aldrich and Rohde’s contemporaries in the program included Mo Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons Fiorina, Wendt Family professor at Stanford

University, and the late Barbara Sinclair, who was a professor emeritus at the University of California, Los Angeles and the namesake of the legacy award. “It was remarkable,” Rohde said. “I don’t think any one of us imagined the collective success we would have.” Both Aldrich and Rohde credited that achievement, at least in part, to the innovative approach to political science taken at the University of Rochester. “We were on a mission,” Aldrich said. “We came to believe in the primary rationale behind the University of Rochester graduate program. Many of us got there thinking that one of the things interesting to study—especially political elites, like congressmen—is to watch them strategize: the gaming of their plans, how they interact with one another.” Rohde agreed, though he noted that the political science community at large was slow to catch onto the University of Rochester’s new perspective. “We were seen as something new. In some corners, we were seen as a desirable trend— in others, not,” Rohde said. In the end, their way of thinking won out. “We published a lot, we published in the very best places, we started to win prizes, and gradually the discipline was persuaded that this was meritorious,” Rohde said. Although the two only spent one year together in graduate school, they were later reunited as associate professors at Michigan State University. There, in 1980, they published the first book in their series “Change and Continuity,” with the late Paul Abramson, a professor of political science at Michigan State University. The biannual series uses survey data See AWARD on Page 4

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MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 9, 2019 | 3

Duke professor tells untold stories of black women in Civil War By Preetha Ramachandran Contributing Reporter

Thavolia Glymph, professor of history and law, opened a Wednesday talk with an untold story from the Combahee Ferry Raid, in which Harriet Tubman helped rescue hundreds of enslaved people during the Civil War. The room was nearly silent as Glymph painted a picture of a young black girl who made it within 19 yards of a Union boat to safety, only to be captured by Confederate soldiers. She recounted many similar stories of enslaved persons trying to escape during the Civil War and focused on the silenced stories of black women in the post-Civil War period at the event entitled “Civil War Refugee Camps: Camp ‘Commandants’ and Black Women and Children.” Safety was not guaranteed, Glymph noted, as those who escaped often faced hardship and abuse in Union refugee camps. “War-related death and trauma defined the lives of many Americans,” Glymph said. “But for African American women, much of this trauma appears as an unspectacular disability and has been invisible in our scholarship.” Glymph first spoke of our current understanding of the Civil War. She emphasized that the story of the war cannot be reduced to a single statistic, such as the war’s 700,000 casualties. “The Civil War claimed the lives of black people in large numbers and the lives of black women in larger numbers than white women,” Glymph said. “It claimed the lives of black children in larger numbers than white children. But black children have not figured into the calculation of the price paid during the war or after the war”. It is for this reason that Glymph’s work aims to amplify and bring to light the stories of trauma that start from the “dilapidated” refugee camps for black women and children but extend far beyond the end of the war. Glymph’s talk focused on the stories of two black women: Latisha Taylor, a soldier’s widow, and Union nurse Ann Stokes. Both women applied for federal government pensions, only to be met with intrusive questioning in Taylor’s case and invasive medical examinations in Stokes’. Northern white women would never have been forced to

Bre Bradham | Associate Photography Editor Professor Thavolia Glymph spoke at a Wednesday event about Civil War refugee camps and the treatment of black women and children.

endure these experiences, Glymph said. It is for this reason that she considers the lives of Taylor and Stokes cases of “slow violence,” a reference to the idea of violence and destruction dispersed over time described by Rob Nixon, Currie C. and Thomas A. Barron family professor in the humanities and the environment at Princeton University. These stories of slow violence are not included in traditional accounts of Civil War history, Glymph said. “Women like [Taylor and Stokes] are absent—hardly a book on the Civil War mentions such women or mentions the casualties among black women and children,” she said. This is despite the fact that, as Glymph argued, black women in the Union fought not only for their own freedom,

but also for the freedom of the nation. “Most Americans did not want to believe that African American women had any part to play in the war for freedom, that they had made any contributions to the war for the United States,” she said. Glymph then flipped through her powerpoint slides and landed on an old photo. “This is an African American woman during the Civil War,” she said, pointing to the image projected onto the screen behind her, “and pinned to her dress is a flag of the United States”. This is the narrative that Glymph’s work serves to highlight. “It’s here,” she said. “The documentation is here. And we’ve just ignored it.”


AWARD FROM PAGE 2

and election results to describe the factors that drive each national election. Aldrich left Michigan State to join the faculty of the University of Minnesota before coming to Duke in 1987. Rohde went on to become the chair of the Michigan State political science department before joining Aldrich at Duke in 2005. Over the course of his career, Aldrich said he has been most proud of “the students [he has] turned out.” Vanberg commended his and Rohde’s role in training graduate students and mentoring new faculty members at Duke. A close second, Aldrich said, would be the work he has done with Rohde on the theory of conditional party government, which seeks to explain the source of power for political parties in Congress. Before this theory, the mainstream view among political scientists held that political parties would always be weak organizations. Aldrich and Rohde instead suggested that the strength of political parties depends on two factors: how politically homogenous a party is within itself, and how politically distinct the two parties are. Nearly 30 years after Rohde first laid out the foundation of conditional party government in his 1991 book “Parties and Leaders in the Postreform House,” the strength of our political parties is clearer than ever in our current time of partisan polarization. Aldrich and Rohde both contended that an end to partisan polarization is possible, but neither was too optimistic. “Any kind of very large-scale change— especially to go back to the ‘50s, ‘60s, ‘70s—is highly unlikely,” Rohde said. Highly contested issues, such as climate change, have the potential to divide political parties even further, Aldrich explained. He pointed to the implications of rising sea levels affecting those on both sides of the

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4 | MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 9, 2019

political spectrum. “That’s South Carolina, Alabama, Mississippi and the Gulf Coast, as well as it is New York or Boston,” he said. “So [rising sea levels] would affect both Republican and Democratic cities.” Aldrich’s and Rohde’s most recent work, “Change and Continuity in the 2016 and 2018 Elections,” was published this year and was co-authored with Jamie Carson, UGA Athletic Association professor of public and international affairs II at the University of Georgia, and Brad Gomez, associate professor of political science at Florida State University. Rohde said it will be his last publication before he retires at the end of this semester.

RANKINGS FROM PAGE 1

prior. Ranked No. 13 for in the Best Value category last year, the University climbed to eighth place. The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill—which was tied for 30th in last year’s rankings—jumped to 29th place, where it is tied with the University of Rochester, Tufts University, New York University and Georgia Institute of Technology.

contributed to the decrease [in burglaries],” he wrote. “Increased staffing and the deployment of additional cameras have also contributed.” The number of liquor law arrests increased from two in 2016 and zero in 2017 to five in 2018, yet reports of liquor law violations referred decreased dramatically from 329 to 268. Most of the liquor law violation referrals involve a report from a resident assistant when there has been a policy violation, and there are often “fluctuations from year to year,” Cavanaugh explained. From 2017 to 2018, incidents of drug law arrests increased from nine to 15 and drug law violations referred went up from 79 to 84. Illegal weapons possession arrests increased from one to eight. Cavanaugh wrote that ensuring safety and security at Duke is a “constantly evolving effort.” Specifically, 2018 saw improvements in additional security cameras across the University, additional staffing, the expansion of the LiveSafe app and increased numbers of tabletop drills to discuss emergency response. “There is literally a daily effort to always be seeking what can we improve to sustain as safe an environment as possible. Efforts will continue in constantly looking at emerging risks and ensuring we have the best mitigation strategies

possible,” Cavanaugh wrote, regarding the future of safety and security at Duke. Furthermore, incidents of domestic violence rose slightly from 19 reports in 2017 to 20 in 2018, and reports of dating violence grew from six to eight. Compared to 2017, there were six fewer fondling reports and two fewer rape reports recorded in 2018. Ultimately, Cavanaugh emphasized that the report, which represents efforts across Duke to mitigate risk and promote a safe environment, reflects “a continued strong commitment from all in the Duke community to that shared responsibility.” The same data for the Duke University Marine Lab—which had no reported crimes in 2018—and Duke in DC program—which featured two liquor law arrests and one illegal weapons possession arrests—is included in the report as well. The Clery Security Report details crime reporting procedures, emergency notification systems, student rights, resources and crime prevention programs in addition to crime statistics. In addition to the annual report, the Duke University Police Department provides daily and weekly crime summaries on its website.

STALKING FROM PAGE 1 we are continuing to evaluate whether there is a true increase or that people are simply reporting more frequently,” he wrote. The report also showed a marked decrease in campus burglaries, from 43 in 2017 to 24 in 2018. Motor vehicle thefts between the two years increased from 27 to 34. Cavanaugh added that almost all of the reported burglary incidents were in administrative office areas. “The arrest of an individual for some of these

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MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 9, 2019 | 5

sportswrap september 9, 2019

JACKSON MURAIKA/THE CHRONICLE

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Q-WIN-TIN VOLLEYBALL: EXTENDS WINNING STREAK TO FOUR • WOMEN’S SOCCER: DUKE ROUTS LSU 6-0


6 | MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 9, 2019

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The Chronicle

FOOTBALL

‘THE BEST IS YET TO COME’ Quentin Harris and Jalon Calhoun show chemistry in breakout efforts down became something special. Calhoun danced and high-stepped his way around three would-be tacklers on his way to the goal line. “At the end of the day football is football. I just go out there and play football and

By Cam Polo Associate Sports Editor

Jalon Calhoun, a true freshman, and Quentin Harris, a redshirt senior, are certainly in much different phases of their college careers. But Saturday night, the tandem of the wily veteran quarterback Harris and young wide receiver Calhoun were the two that shone under the late afternoon sun, and into the night as they combined to put up career nights in Duke’s 45-13 victory against North Carolina A&T. It started late in the first quarter, when both the dynamic duo as well as the rest of the offense woke up. Harris delivered a 38yard strike over the middle, finding Calhoun in stride as he waltzed into the end zone for Duke’s first points of the game and the first points of his college career. “He’s just a ballplayer,” Blue Devil head coach Cutcliffe said of the prized freshman Calhoun. “He’s a guy thats going to get picked first on the playground every time.” And whether it was to Calhoun or otherwise, redshirt senior Quentin Harris could do little wrong through the air. The Wilton, Conn., native completed 30-of-42 passes for 345 yards and four scores, leading the game in rushing as well with 83 yards on the ground. No Blue Devil has put up stats like this since the far-ago land of last season, when the now New York Giant Daniel Jones did so on a semi-regular basis. While Harris is no Jones, there is little question that Cutcliffe

See CHEMISTRY on Page 8

Jackson Muraika | Associate Photography Editor

In his fourth-ever start, Quentin Harris put together the most complete performance of his career, accounting for more than 400 yards and five scores. has molded the Blue Devil offensive leader into a seasoned quarterback, with the legs Duke fans knew he had, and the arm they are just now becoming aware of. Calhoun, who played quarterback in high school, was present throughout the whole game, quickly becoming Harris’

favorite target and catching eight balls that came his way, the freshman cracking into the triple-digit yardage mark in only his second game at Duke. The score that gave the Blue Devils 38 points and confirmed the rout was also his, a nifty 24-yard reception on which a check

Eric Wei | Sports Photography Editor

A true freshman, Jalon Calhoun proved to be Duke’s most lethal pass catcher.

WOMEN’S SOCCER

Infectious scoring powers Duke past LSU By Conner McLeod Sports Managing Editor

Last week, Santa Clara woke up the sleeping giant that is Duke’s offense, and the Blue Devils frontline hasn’t looked back ever since. For the third straight game, Duke scored at least three goals, this time in a Sunday afternoon rout of LSU. Against the Tigers, the Blue Devils earned five scores before the halftime buzzer even sounded, representing the awakening and newfound aggression from Duke’s goal scorers. The Blue Devils dominated LSU 6-0 at Koskinen Stadium, not allowing a single shot the entire match by utilizing a relentless offensive attack that would not 0 quit. No. 12 Duke’s LSU DUKE 6 fourth win of the season was a concerted effort by a squad that seems to be finding its footing and chemistry at just the right time, with only two weeks left until ACC play. “We’re just building confidence as each game goes on,” an elated Ella Stevens said. “Obviously, we started off the season with some tough teams. And we didn’t let that affect us. We just looked at video and saw what we could do better

and we implemented that. And I think we did well with that today.” Sometimes it only takes one player’s energy to rub off on the rest of the team and set the tone for the match. Junior Tess Boade was the catalyst for Duke’s offense, as her nonstop fight to control the ball was imitated by her teammates and definitely felt by the Tiger’s backline. Time and time again, observers could spot Boade streaking down the right side of the field giving her fellow forwards a target to pass to. Boade’s persistence paid off in the 16th minute, when sophomore Mackenzie Pluck passed it to Boade in the box, allowing the Highlands Ranch, Colo., native to sneak the ball past LSU goalkeeper for the first goal of the day. Boade’s goal was patient zero of a contagious scoring fever that spread throughout the Blue Devil roster, and the Tigers (2-3-1) could not find a cure. “We don’t talk a lot about scoring goals,” head coach Robbie Church said. “We don’t talk a lot about games, we talk a lot about how we play and doing the right things and how we set ourselves and we feel that if we do the right things, it will take care of itself, we’ll score goals See W. SOCCER on Page 8

Mary Helen Wood | Photography Editor

Ella Stevens led the Duke explosion Sunday afternoon with two goals, including the rarely seen score directly off a corner kick.


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MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 9, 2019 | 7

VOLLEYBALL

Blue Devils sweep Duke Invitational despite key injury By Winston Lindqwister Associate Sports Editor

Through the early goings of the season, the Blue Devils have been able to lean on explosive sophomore Ade Owokoniran to spearhead their scoring. And through the opening two matches of the Duke Invitational, Owokoniran delivered, leading the Blue Devils in kills en route to a 2-0 start to the weekend. Although injury forced Duke to play without its star hitter Owokoniran in the third match, new faces down the Blue Devil roster ensured Duke’s ability to notch its fourth straight win. The Blue Devils took down Wofford 3-1 (2624, 23-25, 28-26, 25-18), UNC Wilmington 3-1 (21-25, 25-23, 25-11, 25-22) and Appalachian State 3-0 (25-22, 25-20, 25-21) over the WOFF 1 weekend in Cameron Indoor Stadium for DUKE 3 the Duke Invitational. The Blue Devils UNCW 1 adjusted to not having DUKE 3 their leading scorer in Owokoniran, instead 0 relying on senior ASU Samantha Amos and DUKE 3 freshman Gracie Johnson to step up in scoring, giving Duke the momentum to secure yet another win. “Overall, the weekend went really well for our team,” junior Payton Schwantz, who finished against Appalachian State with a team-high 10 kills, said. “We did a really good job controlling the ball, and when we can do that all hitters are

FOOTBALL FROM PAGE 1 Quentin Harris led the way with a career performance, tossing the ball for 345 yards on 30 completions—both career-highs—and leading the team in rushing with 83 yards on the ground for five total touchdowns. “Quentin is so versatile. I have said it all along, you can see his arm. He can make every throw,” head coach David Cutcliffe said. “He is getting a feel for the guys he’s throwing to and he’s getting a feel for the game, but we have to find out how good this Duke football team can be.” Following a 66-yard rushing touchdown from Jah-Maine Martin that sent the well-represented Aggie fanbase into an uproar, Duke (1-1) found itself facing a surprising three-point deficit with 11:20 left in the second quarter. A Deon Jackson fumble on the ensuing possession left a hush over Brooks Field, but the Blue Devil defense held strong for a three-and-out. “We just made a little mistake and they were able to break through. We knew we were going to be able to come out there and dominate on defense,” safety Dylan Singleton said. “That triggered us. We just wanted to hold them and not let them get any points after that.” From there, Duke started on a nine-play, 81yard drive that was capped by a 22-yard catchand-run from Harris to Mataeo Durant that put the Blue Devils up 14-10 with 3:10 left before the break. Seven seconds later, Leonard Johnson forced a fumble after a 13-yard catch from Elijah Bell and Singleton recovered the ball for Duke. After another seven ticks, the Blue Devils found themselves with a more comfortable 21-10 lead

at a go, and it’s pretty fun to watch when we can get the ball up there.” In Duke’s two matches with Owokoniran on the floor, the sophomore Blue Devil made herself known as one of the most dangerous outside hitters in the ACC. The Raleigh, N.C., native earned 17 kills apiece over Friday’s double header, complimenting her offensive game with 17 total digs. Although the Blue Devils’ hitting accuracy was again in question—Duke (4-1) barely broke a .300 hitting percentage against the Terriers (1-6) and followed that up with a shaky .257 against the Seahawks (6-1)—the Blue Devils were able to rely on constant production from Owokoniran

to win out. With the sophomore sidelined, Duke had major production from other faces that have had a slower start to the season—including a breakout game from Johnson. In her first ever start as a Blue Devil, Johnson filled in admirably with nine kills and just four errors. While the Mountaineers (2-4) struggled to keep up with Duke, the freshman Blue Devil was there to cut the momentum of the visiting team. Fittingly, it was Johnson who closed the evening for Duke. With the Blue Devils holding a sparse 23-21 lead out of a timeout, the young outside hitter set the table for Duke with a tip in, then secured the win with a back-left spike right

Jackson Muraika | Associate Photography Editor

Ade Owokoniran paced the Blue Devils all week before missing the third match. after Harris dropped a dime to Eli Pancol for 39 yards with 2:56 left in the second. “When you blend the kicking game with defense and offense that is what happens. We show film of blends here,” Cutcliffe said. “We try to sell that as a team: when we put a good series together defensively, then a good kicking play and then a good series offensively, you can run up 21 points in a hurry.” Another three-and-out gave Duke the ball back with just under two minutes left to play before half, and the Blue Devils made the possession count. Running a fast-paced, no-huddle offense throughout the day, Duke marched down the field, and Harris took it to the house on a quarterback keeper from six yards out to give the Blue Devils a commanding 28-10 lead at the break. “At that point in the game after we felt the momentum swing, the defense did a great job for us. We wanted to reward them by taking advantage of their good play and putting the ball in the end zone to help bolster our score in the second quarter,” Harris said. “I’m really happy with the resilience we showed despite being down a few points early. I’m happy about how we clicked after that.” The game was close for much of the first half before Duke’s closing spurt, with the Aggies taking an early 3-0 lead on their second possession of the game following a failed Blue Devil fourthdown conversion. Duke answered with a 38-yard touchdown pass to Jalon Calhoun on the next possession to take its first lead of the season with 5:59 left in the first quarter. The Blue Devils came out of the locker room with all the momentum and tacked on three points with a 50-yard AJ Reed field goal—a career

long—on their second possession. After the Aggies (1-1) responded with a field goal of their own, the Duke offense put together a long drive. Harris completed a 12-play, 85-yard drive that lasted 4:41 with a 24-yard pitch-and-catch to Calhoun for the freshman’s second touchdown of the day and his young career to give the Blue Devils a 38-13 advantage with 36 seconds left in the third. “You don’t have to push him [Calhoun]. He has a work ethic that he brings everyday,” Cutcliffe said. “That is one of the reasons he has done as well as he has.” The fourth quarter saw Harris take a seat on the bench as Chris Katrenick took over the offense. The redshirt sophomore led Duke on a 73-yard march, with a Durant rushing touchdown for the final points of the day. It was an impressive offensive performance through both the air and the ground, as Duke finished with 574 total yards and 210 rushing yards on 46 carries. Harris spread the wealth with seven receivers recording over 30 yards, led by Calhoun with eight catches for 105 yards. Defensively, the Blue Devils continued to impress after last week’s outstanding first half against Alabama. Outside of the 66-yard rushing touchdown, Duke allowed just 72 yards on the ground. The passing defense limited Kylil Carter to only eight completions on 22 attempts for 111 yards. “We still haven’t shown everything we got right now. There is still a lot more to our defense and our offense. We have to play like the best team out there every day,” linebacker Koby Quansah said. The Blue Devils will head to Murfreesboro, Tenn., for their first true road game against

through Appalachian State’s blockers. “We didn’t have to adjust too much [without Ade],” Schwantz said. “We have a fairly deep roster and we have a lot of confidence in our players, whether they’re on the court 24/7 or not... Gracie [Johnson] did awesome. She had the opportunity to come a semester early, and I’ve really seen a lot from her. It’s really great to see what she has developed in that short amount of time.” Of course, Johnson wasn’t the only Blue Devil to step up, and Duke appreciated a massive boost from one of its veteran leaders stepping up in the clutch. Amos, the lone senior on the squad, was the first of the Blue Devils to step up in Owokoniran’s absence. In set one against the Mountaineers, the Blue Devils saw themselves in as large as a 19-15 deficit. However, a monster block from the Pittsburgh native sparked Duke’s response. Amos continuously made key plays at the net throughout the night, as the outside hitter teamed up with sophomore Lily Cooper to help give the Blue Devils 14 block assists. Duke will look to continue to push with the wind in its sails through the week, as the Blue Devils have yet another matchup in its packed nonconference schedule Tuesday against UNC Greensboro. “We do have a lot of matches here, which is a few more than I would love to have,” Duke head coach Jolene Nagel said. “But at the same time, it has given us an opportunity to see different people on the court, and see competition, which is something that we need to know what we have as our strengths and weaknesses.”

Middle Tennessee next weekend. The Blue Raiders lost to Michigan in its season opener 41-20, proving they will not shy away from playing a Power Five team. If Duke hopes to avoid an upset, it will need to come out of the gates faster and avoid costly penalties, which set it back 97 yards tonight.

Jackson Muraika | Associate Photo Editor

Koby Quansah remains a leader for Duke.


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8 | MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 9, 2019

W. SOCCER FROM PAGE 6 and we’ll win games.” Soon after Boade’s breakthrough, Stevens found the back of the net, when she crossed her defender in the box—taking her ankles as a souvenir—and curved in a left-footed shot to give Duke a two-goal lead less than 20 minutes into the game. As the lone senior starter on the team, Stevens success on the field helped energize the rest of the Blue Devils (4-1-1), as her poise and aggression set a good example. “[Stevens has] given us that lift and she’s a very talented player, really offensively skilled,” Church said. “So we want the ball in her hands as much as possible and you know, she’s making some pretty good decisions right now.” Stevens wasn’t satisfied though, as she opted for an unconventional way to score a goal just 11 minutes later. On Duke’s fourth corner attempt of the game, Stevens decided to shoot from the flag, kicking a ball that soared past an astonished and diving goalie for the Blue Devils’ fourth score. Church gave the Tigers their first gift of the game when he took Stevens out for the rest of the first half to rest. As for Duke’s defense, it didn’t have to work very hard due to Duke’s domination of the possession arrow for the entirety of the match. Instead, the talented Blue Devil backline got busy on the other side of the ball, as three defenders were responsible for two of Duke’s goals. At the end of the first half, junior Remi Swartz finished a beautiful cross from freshman forward Emmy Duerr who broke a double team to get it to her teammate. Then, in the middle of the second period, defenders Taylor Mitchell and Delaney Graham connected on a Graham lob and a Mitchell header for Duke’s sixth and

final goal of the day. The Blue Devils’ outing against the Tigers painted a different picture of Duke’s ability on the offensive end compared to the team’s relatively slow start to the season. From top to bottom, Duke played with an intensity that lasted for the whole 90 minutes, which was made clear by Duke’s 24 total shots, 13 of them on goal. Even the Blue Devil reserves kept the offensive fire alive, as freshmen such as Julia Hannon and Duerr did not take the foot of the LSU neck. No clear talent drop-off when Church began to sub out his starters provided a bright outlook on the future of Duke’s program. Duke can only hope to keep its aggressive spirit alive with a week-long break before its last nonconference game against James Madison next Sunday in Koskinen at 6 p.m.

Marianna Barrett | Staff Photographer

Tess Boade was the Blue Devils’ catalyst.

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CHEMISTRY FROM PAGE 6 be an athlete,” Calhoun said. “Reading coverages and different stuff like that comes naturally to me being a quarterback coming into college.” Harris picked Calhoun on the playground repeatedly, Duke potentially finding a promising connection in these two, and will likely look for the link to continue in the games to come. Though nine other receivers got to catch the

The Chronicle pigskin tonight, it appears that the new kid on the block has the potential to become the primary target, especially if he finds himself covered by the other team’s second or third-best corner. If the fast-paced play of these two continues into the coming weeks, expect Duke to put up a fight in nearly every game this year. Some will point to the weak defense of N.C. A&T, or even beginners’ luck, but there is certainly potential for this to become a truly potent duo. “The best is yet to come,” Cutcliffe promised.

Eric Wei | Sports Photography Editor

Though four years apart, veteran quarterback Quentin Harris and freshman wide receiver Jalon Calhoun have quickly established a strong rapport.


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T H E I N D E P E N D E N T D A I LY AT D U K E U N I V E R S I T Y

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10 | MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 9, 2019

QUIZ: Can you get to class on an electric without getting injured?

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arly this summer, Durham opened its doors 2. What kind of scooter are you using? to electric scooters. These public nuisances A. Bird have become a hot mode of transportation B. Gotcha on campus, rivaling even the alluring C3 bus. C. Lime Unfortunately, some people have suffered injuries D. Spin from electric scooters. (And they don’t even get free 3. Are you wearing a helmet? tuition from getting injured!) A. Yes B. No C. No, but I’m going slow D. No, but I’m using one of my hands to cover my head 4. A pedestrian crosses the street in front of your scooter. What do you do? NOT NOT TRUE A. Stop B. Slow down Take this quiz to see if you can get to class on an C. Yell at them electric scooter without getting injured. D. Go faster 1. Where’s your class? 5. Where are you parking your scooter afterward? A. Science Drive A. In a designated bike rack where it won’t be a B. Engineering Quad nuisance to mankind C. Abele Quad B. In a bush, so you can collect it after class D. East Campus C. In the middle of the sidewalk, like an idiot D. In front of the building’s only entrance 6. What’s your favorite bus? A. C1 B. C3 C. Smith Warehouse D. Swift Express If you answered mostly As…

Monday Monday

hot take of the week “Kevin is the best Jonas brother.”

—Carter Forinash, University News Editor, on September 8, 2019

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You’re safe! You seem to know the rules of the road. You never operate these bad boys before 6 a.m. or after 11 p.m. and you park them at designated bike racks. You also hold a valid driver’s license and even put a helmet on before you start scooting! We won’t find you scooting across Abele Quad. If you answered mostly Bs… Close call! You almost ate it, and your TA is judging your clumsiness. Take it slower next time, and make sure to actually watch where you’re going. Checking your quiz grades on Sakai can wait. If you answered mostly Cs… You fell and scraped up your arms and legs. Ouch! You should probably get some practice rounds around the Chapel Drive circle. In fact, if you do three rounds in the circle and chant “Dick Brodhead” while wearing a vintage DukeEngage t-shirt, you’ll summon his spirit. If you answered mostly Ds… Sorry, you broke your leg and missed class. Maybe you shouldn’t try to run over students in the crosswalk. But really, how many legs do you need to scoot? Monday Monday wrote this column from the comfort of their Lime scooter. The high handlebars are ideal for balancing a laptop and a pamplemousse La Croix. They would not recommend trying to type on a Bird scooter.

Learning to use my voice

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y first language was French. It was what I spoke at home. My second language was Spanish. It was what I spoke with my community. My third language was English. It was what I spoke at school. I never had much difficulty with words. Language

something I finally wanted to speak up about, I felt like I couldn’t because I hadn’t spoken up on so many things before. Why now all of a sudden? I felt like I had let people trample over me for so long by not expressing my opinions. I wish it didn’t happen the way it did and I wish it was more on my own terms, but I finally let all the

Veronica Niamba NOT ANOTHER SUBTWEET always came relatively easy to me. Using words though? That was a completely different story. I knew how to use words to formulate my sentences (except for grammar—thank God for editors) and get my ideas and thoughts across, but for so long I simply didn’t vocalize them. They collected in my head waiting for someone to free them from the agony of only having myself to talk to. I never spoke much as a child. Most of the time, I only spoke when spoken too. I don’t really remember why I didn’t speak. It was kind of just who I was. I watched. I listened. But I did not dare speak. This continued on as as I grew older, and my own refusal to speak became more and more aggravating. Whenever people asked for my opinion I paused long enough that either someone else chimed in, or the situation became incredibly awkward, and the questioner decided to move on to someone else. Whenever someone said or did something that made me uncomfortable, I didn’t voice my concerns. I wanted to. I wanted to say something so badly, but I couldn’t muster up the strength to do it. Why couldn’t I just open my mouth and say what I needed to say? What was so difficult about speaking, about engaging in conversation? “Girl suck it up and speak” the voice in the back of my head would always say. But I was stubborn and I never listened to that version of me. She was the me that was bold and confident and didn’t care what others thought. I didn’t think that my voice was important enough for it to be heard by others. I thought I had nothing new or interesting to contribute. . The few times I had tried to speak, no one listened so why continue without an audience? Too often, speaking felt like a shout into the void. On the contrary, I felt that refusing to speak invalidated myself and my struggles and experiences, by simply not making them known. If there was

barriers down when someone in high school shook me to my core with their utter disrespect for my lived experience. When that happened, all the words and ideas that I had been harboring for so many years freed themselves into the air and the ears of others. From that point on I decided that I would no longer keep important thoughts to myself. I wouldn’t let fear control whether or not I spoke. I would occupy space I once thought I couldn’t fit in. I would follow in the steps of those who paved the way, those who looked like me and stood up for what they believed in. Who spoke despite possible repercussions or negative attention. For so long I was invisible and unheard. That made certain people comfortable because they never had to actually hear the reality that our lives and they way we went about the world was different. Their ideas were never questioned. They always took up space with no pushback. Now I occupy space, because I deserve it. I deserve to have people listen to my opinions just as I listen to theirs. I don’t have to sit in silence while others choose the narrative of discussion. I might be extremely annoying on Twitter now, but I feel more comfortable stating what’s on my mind even if there is no audience. Even if it’s to the only four people who like my tweets. Someone might not have been listening then, but who knows who might by listening tomorrow, a week from now, or a month from now. After years of staying silent, I have finally found the ability to use my voice. I can’t stop there though. Like others have paved the way for me to find my ability to speak, I must work to help elevate the voices of others, so that people feel heard and that their experiences are validated. Veronica Niamba is a Trinity junior. Her column, “not another subtweet,” runs on alternate Mondays.


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MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 9, 2019 | 11

How does Duke remember its workers? Editor’s note: This story is Part 1 in a series of columns by Alicia Sun exploring the history of labor at Duke. Part 2 will be published in late September.

Alicia Sun COLUMNIST

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ike most universities, Duke takes pride in its history. When I came here as a first-year, the tour guides and administrators were eager to teach me about Duke’s founders and key historical figures, like J.B. Duke and Washington Duke. As a student, I am constantly reminded of their legacy. Their names are plastered on libraries, hotels and residence halls across campus. But there is a gaping hole in our history. While this university was established by the wealth of white men like the Dukes and the Alspaughs, it was built by the Lucius Jeters and the Oliver Harveys—the predominantly black workers who have devoted decades of their lives to Duke. The laborers and service workers are an invisible layer that keeps this institution running. Sadly, their indelible contribution goes unacknowledged. Following the 2017 rally in Charlottesville and the subsequent national dialogue on symbols and history, Duke began to engage with its own past—a past that is rife with injustice and labor exploitation. After the removal of the Robert E. Lee statue from the Chapel, President Vincent Price convened a Commission on Memory and History, which would begin efforts to recognize “those individuals whose labor was the foundation of the wealth that created Duke University and whose hands built our campus.” And yet the Commission, whose goals included recognizing laborers, included no non-academic staff. In its efforts to create a greater sense of equity, the University engaged in a conversation that omitted the same people who are absent from its buildings and memorials: the workforce. How do workers feel about Duke’s efforts to reexamine and memorialize the past? How much does a conversation around history and memory have bearing on their concerns today as members of the Duke community? Charles Gooch started working at Duke when he was 17. Now 63, he has been a Duke employee for 46 years. As former

president of Local 77, the Duke labor union that represents housekeeping employees, Gooch is an outspoken critic of the University’s labor practices. In fact, he stepped down from the presidency in 2017 to protest what he considered unfair changes to Duke’s housekeeping schedule and currently works at Marketplace. His years on campus, however, have not dulled the stark terms in which he describes Duke’s relationship with its labor force. “We’re going back to the slave mentality,” he asserted in our conversation. Gooch describes a hierarchy that does not divide itself along historical racial lines of black and white, but along positions of power within the black community: “Slave mentality is [about] the overseer. When you look at the old slave pictures, you have a black on their horse overseeing other blacks. And they don’t know how to treat their workforce because they just know they got a title. So I’ve been seeing this all across Duke: the overseer mentality.” Gooch started working at Duke in 1974. “I’ve seen all the changes,” he says. “When I came here most of the supervisor managers was white. Now we got most of the supervisor managers are black.” Gooch believes that Duke is taking advantage of these power dynamics by hiring more black managers. “Ten years to this day, everybody from Duke [Housing and Residence Life], everybody we deal with, even the administrators, they only give us black people. There are hardly any whites we deal with,” he says. Gooch believes the hiring is designed to insulate the university from charges of racism. “It’s a good technique,” he admits in a grimly cynical tone. “When I see how the black management treating the black workforce, I did not see this when I had white supervisor management.” Shawn Easterling, a former housekeeper in Craven dorm, agrees that there is a racial hierarchy. “Duke is a plantation,” he states candidly. “The way you are talked to and the way you are handled—you’re treated like a slave on a plantation pretty much. You may get yelled at. There’s just a lot to this place that’s done behind the scenes… Y’all don’t hear that stuff.” Easterling has worked at Duke since 2006, but his roots here go further back. Born in Duke Hospital in 1971, Easterling has been a life-long resident of Durham. “This is home for me,” he says. “My mother’s worked here, my aunts, uncles. I still have family members working in the hospital now. To me, when you start talking about Duke University and its history and its family orientation, this is our old mill.” Yet as

much meaning as this place holds for his family, he is critical of the institution. “I think we’re going back to the 1960’s,” he says, “as far as people speaking up and speaking out. Duke doesn’t want anything—as far as how they’re treating you or how you’re being treated, they don’t want that information out…There’s no feeling, there’s no compassion.” The issues that Easterling sees now at Duke remind him of the stories he has heard from his aunt, who worked at Duke in the 1960’s as a nurse. According to his aunt, management would feed the workers days-old food. “[I heard] stories of my aunt from the 1960’s, things like feeding them food from two or three days ago that they had already cooked. They would serve it to the service workers and that would be what they had to eat.” Like Easterling, Gooch thinks that these modern tensions in the workforce are part of an historic recurrence. “We’re regressing, because history is repeating itself,” Gooch explains. “[Duke] just brings [workers] in and say ‘I got a warm body. Put them over there. Do this.’ You just don’t know what I’ve been dealing with for years.” In spite of all this, Gooch says he appreciates what the university has given him. But he wants to see Duke improve. His message to leadership: “Put people first. You’re making your money. Put the value back into the people.” It’s worth noting that Gooch and Easterling’s experiences are not representative of the entire Duke labor force. They are two stories out of many. Other service workers, who did not want to be quoted for fear of retribution, had minor qualms about their jobs but made no serious allegations about mistreatment. That said, Gooch and Easterling deserve to have their voices heard; their lived experiences of injustice cannot be divorced from the university’s labor history and practices. And while Duke has made improvements, it must continue its efforts to make everyone, especially the people most central to its daily operations, feel welcome here. Columnist’s note: In response to these allegations, Duke Human Resources, Staff and Labor Relations provided the following statement: “We are committed as an institution to uphold and model the values of diversity and inclusion. We take seriously any allegations of behaviors that are inconsistent with these values, and we have a thorough process to investigate and resolve disputes in the workplace.” Alicia Sun is a Trinity senior. Her column typically runs on alternate Thursdays.

Tiny pies worth anticipating

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icture this: it’s 10 p.m. on a Thursday night and I’m prying little bits of skin from a peach with my fingers. The weirdly lit, subterranean Wannamaker kitchen is filling up with steam, soft French jazz, and the sweet smell of ripe summer fruit.

Margot Armbruster and Taylor Plett GUEST COLUMN James, Taylor and I are making peach hand pies. We’re invading the kitchen of a dorm we don’t live in for this purpose, shuffling together mismatched ingredients we bought mostly at the Lobby Shop. But I’ve been looking forward to this all week, and as the stubborn peel lifts at last from the blanched peach, I feel my shoulders unclenching. Taylor: For the past couple weeks, I’ve been preaching the good news of peach hand pies. These pockets of seasonal sunshine can be made en masse—and mostly on a dime. My pastry enthusiasm might seem misplaced (and I thank you, my friends, for feigning excitement about my latest baking endeavor), but these little pies mean a lot more than fresh-from-the-oven sugar. They’re a mile marker of my progress in a new philosophy. Or rather, a newly adopted one—time-tested and handed down generations of women on my mother’s side of the family. The philosophy is simple: always have something to look forward to. The idea is that mindfulness engenders

gratitude, and that anticipation supersedes anxiety. But we don’t need big words to understand that when you know you’re going to Disneyland on Saturday, it’s easier to study for the test on Friday. This is textbook. Looking forward may be easy enough at Duke—the “Disneyland” of academic and recreational opportunity. But for a practice we can sustain, say, throughout a lifetime, we must find ways to create these merry-making moments for ourselves. And it doesn’t take much, aside from planning in advance. This past Thursday, it took little more than sugar, butter, ripe peaches, and the wrong kind of flour... Margot: The pies, when they emerge from the oven, are sticky, haphazard, a little bit too puffy— the Lobby Shop only sells self-rising flour with baking powder, which definitely does NOT go in pie crust, built in. We’re proud of them anyway, because they’re ours, and because we’ve shared something tactile and intimate which will remain even once the filling’s mesmerizing syrup scent fades from the air. Our project this semester is to make more memories like these. Taylor and I will be inviting professors, staff, and students— anyone with a great story to tell—to come talk, shove some dough around, and find peace with us. This week, our guest is my friend James, a magnetic, gap-toothed Kenyan boy with energy always running through his body. But gracefulness doesn’t imply technical skill: he begged us for a baking tutorial after scorching a batch of chocolate-chip cookies. Taylor: We embraced James’ task gladly. Because the caffeine-wired conversation which bore the Bread Talks brainchild into existence several months ago was all about

this: sharing the joy and meaning we’d found in baking with others. Bread Talks is also very much an excuse to bake—you caught us. But above all, we hope this column delivers a little Mary Berry magic, a little Ratatouille wisdom into your week (folks, Anyone Can Bake). May you enjoy our mistakes, and may you make your own. Margot: Before you ask—no, we don’t have the culinary acumen to work for Bon Appetit. Yes, it angers us. Anyway, here’s the rundown of how this recipe from Food & Wine turned out for us three highly average bakers. Step one: Boil the peaches until the skins start to slip off, then dunk them in ice water to stop them from cooking (this is called blanching). Finish peeling the skin off and cut them up into cute little chunks! James was trying to do thin slices here and I had to intervene. Round peach slices will not fit in your pies! Step two: Cook those bad boys up with some cinnamon, brown and granulated sugar, vanilla, and lemon. (I was too cheap to buy vanilla or lemon but it still tasted great!) Taylor: You better hope your clothing will go home smelling like step two. Step three: Make the dough by crumbling pieces of chilled butter into the flour, then adding ice water until the texture approximates play-doh. And yes, you can use your hands. Do not eat the dough. It is not yummy. I know you will anyway but I’m telling you— do not. Step four: Chill the dough and the filling. Margot: You’re supposed to do this in the fridge, but we used the freezer. I simply don’t understand why you would cause yourself

They’re done when they’re plump and golden. You’re done when you’ve had at least three. suffering by waiting for these hand pies a minute longer than you have to—live fast, bake soon: freezer girls do it best. Step five: Roll out the dough until it’s an eighth-inch thick. Cut out four-inch circles, then brush the edges with beaten egg and spoon in some filling. Press shut and brush all over with egg. Slash the top two or three times with a sharp knife so the pies don’t explode in the oven. Taylor: Oh god—a lot can go wrong here. You need less peach than you think. Overeager pie fillers will wear the evidence on their hands. It’s also helpful to pinch around the edges with your fingers to make the dough more malleable pre-crimping. Margot: You gotta eat the leftover peach syrup. Step six: Bake! Luxuriate in the pastry smell! Chat in dulcet, satisfied tones! They’re done when they’re plump and golden. You’re done when you’ve had at least three. If you had fun baking with us (or laughing at us), good news—it’s just the beginning. Tune in every other week for new adventures in patisserie and living well. Let’s get this bread. Margot Armbruster is a Trinity sophomore and Taylor Plett is a Trinity junior. Their column, “bread talks,” runs on alternate Mondays.


12 | MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 9, 2019

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IN MEMORIAM “Today we pause to remember those lives that were tragically lost on September 11, including six Duke alumni and many members of the extended university family. In their memory, we also recommit to doing Duke’s part to build a more just, inclusive, and compassionate world.” - Vincent E. Price, President, Duke University

On September 11, 2002, Duke University dedicated a Memorial Grove of six trees in Keohane Quadrangle to honor the alumni who lost their lives on September 11, 2001. Today, on the 18th anniversary of this tragedy, we will lay a wreath in the Memorial Grove to remember these alumni:

J. Robinson “Rob” Lenoir ’84 Peter Ortale ’87 Christopher Todd Pittman ’93 A. Todd Rancke ’81 Frederick C. Rimmele III M.D.’94 Michael Morgan Taylor ’81 Please join us today to pause and reflect on these members of the Duke family.

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