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Duke celebrates Pride

Pratt travels to Costa Rica

Community members gathered on East Campus for the annual parade and festival | Page 3

Duke unveils a study-abroad program for engineering students | Page 2

The Chronicle T H E I N D E P E N D E N T D A I LY AT D U K E U N I V E R S I T Y

MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 26, 2016

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ONE HUNDRED AND TWELFTH YEAR, ISSUE 16

STUNNER IN SOUTH BEND

Jack White | The Chronicle

A.J. Reed game-winner caps off dramatic fourth-quarter comeback Amrith Ramkumar The Chronicle SOUTH BEND, Ind.—The Blue Devils entered Saturday’s game at one of the nation’s most storied programs as 20-point underdogs coming off two double-digit losses. They left with one of the biggest regularseason wins in program history. Duke fought back from an early 14-0 hole and a 35-28 fourth-quarter deficit to stun Notre Dame 38-35 at Notre Dame Stadium Saturday afternoon. After the Fighting Irish went ahead 3528 with 7:46 left in the game, redshirt freshman quarterback Daniel Jones found Anthony Nash for a 64-yard touchdown to tie the game. The Blue Devil defense fed off the momentum, stuffing the Fighting Irish on two straight plays and then intercepting Notre Dame quarterback DeShone Kizer to set up the offense with good field position.

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After reaching Fighting Irish territory in its first four possessions of the second half, Duke capitalized with a go-ahead field goal on a 10-play, 44-yard drive. On 4th-and-goal from the Notre Dame oneyard line, true freshman kicker A.J. Reed made the first field goal of his career with 1:24 left in the game, then the Blue Devils stopped the Fighting Irish on the ensuing possession to escape with the win. “We were just able to keep going. [Head coach David Cutcliffe] preached to us, ‘We can beat them,’” said senior cornerback Breon Borders, who had five tackles, three pass breakups and a forced fumble. “We just stayed positive, stayed locked in, stayed focused and made a play when we had to.” The Blue Devils (2-2) showed how far they have come after double-digit losses against Wake Forest and Northwestern, with the offense finally showing the consistency it lacked early in the season. Duke finished Saturday’s game with 498 total yards, including 208 on the ground

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and 24 first downs to keep Notre Dame’s lethal offense off the field. Redshirt senior running back Jela Duncan had a careerhigh 121 yards on 21 carries, including an 18-yard touchdown run to tie the game at 14 late in the first quarter. Perhaps more importantly, Duncan’s partner in crime also finally got going Saturday. After energizing the Blue Devils with a 96-yard kickoff return for a touchdown when Duke was down 14-0, junior Shaun Wilson topped his combined rushing total from the Blue Devils’ first three games with 66 yards on the ground against the Fighting Irish (1-3). For the first time in three weeks, Duke’s running backs had holes to run through thanks to an offensive line that stayed connected for four quarters. After averaging more than seven penalties through three games, the Blue Devils had just one in front of 80,000 fans. See FOOTBALL on Page 13

INSIDE — News 2 Sportswrap 7 Classified 9 Crossword 13 Opinion 14 Serving the University since 1905

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ADDITIONAL COVERAGE

INSIDE

• See how the Blue Devils rallied after losing senior captain and star safety DeVon Edwards to a serious knee injury. PAGE 8 • David Cutcliffe and his staff made a series of adjustments in all three phases that culminated in Reed’s gamewinning kick. PAGE 9

ONLINE

• We give out our game ball and player of the week awards • Video with postgame analysis from South Bend • More of our best photos from the game

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2 | MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 26, 2016

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Jim Obergefell shares journey From CIEMAS to Costa Rica: New study abroad for Pratt undergrads to Supreme Court victory Caroline Brockett The Chronicle Jim Obergefell, the lead plaintiff in the Supreme Court case that legalized same-sex marriage in all 50 states, visited Duke for a conversation about his life, work and the problems that need to be tackled next. Senior Steven Soto, president of Blue Devils United, and Skye Wilson, a program coordinator for the Center for Sexual and Gender Diversity, led the conversation with Obergefell about his new life and work as a self-described “accidental activist.” A crowd of about 60 attended the event in the Holsti-Anderson Family Assembly Room in Rubenstein Library. “I really felt like, for me, this case had a huge impact on my own coming out, and it just made a more welcoming environment for queer people in general,” sophomore Luke Longo, who attended the talk, said. Born and raised in Ohio, Obergefell was the last of six children in a Catholic family. While in graduate school at Bowling Green State University, he came out as gay. He met and fell in love with John Arthur in 1992,

which he described as “love at third sight.” The couple decided to marry in Maryland in 2013, while Arthur was bedridden with the motor neuron disease amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, after a diagnosis in 2011. Following Arthur’s death, Obergefell began a legal battle to be recognized as the surviving spouse on Arthur’s death certificate. His case eventually went to the Supreme Court as Obergefell v. Hodges. The Court ruled in June 2015 that the Constitution requires states to permit same-sex marriage. Obergefell shared personal anecdotes about the case and intimate aspects of the journey behind the Supreme Court decision. “It was by virtue of an unexpected meeting with a local civil rights attorney that we decided to file suit against the state of Ohio, to demand recognition of our marriage after his impending death certificate,” Obergefell said. “And that took me all the way to the Supreme Court.” Suing the state, much less having a Supreme Court case, was not something he ever believed he would end up doing, he said. Making the decision to file against Ohio See OBERGEFELL on Page 6

Annie Yang | The Chronicle Jim Obergefell was the lead plaintiff in the Supreme Court case that legalized same-sex marriage in 2015.

Heather Zhou The Chronicle A new study-abroad program this year gives Pratt School of Engineering students the opportunity to explore volcanos and observe birds in Costa Rica while still completing graduation requirements. The University’s new Pratt in Costa Rica program—specially designed for students majoring in biomedical engineering or electrical and computer engineering—is a six-week summer homestay based in San Jose, Costa Rica. Students are required to take a Spanish language course and can choose to take either a bioengineering or a math course. “Pratt students typically have a rough time doing study-abroad because of a very specific set of engineering course requirements,” said Libby Bucholz, a lecturer in the department of biomedical engineering. “But we believe strongly that studying abroad is important for engineers, and so it’s long been in the works that we develop

a Duke program for them.” Bucholz added that developing the program was challenging because scientific and quantitative studies are generally not culture-specific, unlike arts and humanities courses. “It makes sense to go to Venice if you want to study Italian art, to actually see it, but calculus and integrals are still going to be calculus and integrals whether you are in Italy or in Japan,” she said. The new program manages to combine engineering courses with the local environment through two planned field trips. Students will measure the seismic activity and frequency of volcano eruptions as well as identify bird species by analyzing time-frequency plots in their songs, Bucholz explained. Many Pratt students said they were excited for the launch of the new program. “Many of us want to do study abroad, but it is difficult to find a program that is tailored to an engineering curriculum,” sophomore Helen Tan said. “This sounds See COSTA RICA on Page 6

Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons The new program will include field trips to measure volcanic eruptions and identify different kinds of bird species.

FREE tuition for a semester abroad at Duke Kunshan University in China!

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KUNSHAN INNOVATION SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM

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A unique opportunity to combine study abroad with a self-directed project Living-learning community with faculty and students from around the world Inspiring education integrated with cultural experiences Courses taught in English Apply for Spring 2017 Semester by October 1, 2016. To find out more, email Jennifer.Bailey@duke.edu

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MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 26, 2016 | 3

A rainbow across East Campus: Duke celebrates N.C. Pride

Keyin Lu | The Chronicle Nearly 200 vendors set up booths around East Campus, with many selling rainbow-colored apparel and providing information on resources for the LGBTQ+ community.

Keyin Lu | The Chronicle Duke’s Center for Sexual and Gender Diversity had a float in the parade, which featured students, faculty and staff.

Keyin Lu | The Chronicle The parade included about 10 floats, 40 cars and 100 marching groups, which made a two-mile loop near East Campus.

Keyin Lu | The Chronicle When the first N.C. Pride Parade was held in 1986, Duke was the only institution in North Carolina that was willing to host the festival.

Congratulations on your retirement Beverly Meek! You will be missed. “I’ve learned that people will forget what you said, people will forget what you did, but people will never forget how you made them feel.” —Maya Angelou


4 | MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 26, 2016

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to the winning participants in the 2nd annual DukeEngage Photo Find Awards. During their summer of service in the U.S. and abroad, DukeEngage group and independent project participants were invited to submit their best photos in four categories: immersion, partnership, reflection and gratitude. The following eight images and artist statements best represent some of DukeEngage’s core values. Visit the DukeEngage website to see a slideshow of all photos submitted.

CONGRATS

Immersion - Group Program Uganda / photo by: Richard Ruiz

Artist Statement: Our thank-you celebration during the last weekend. The Duke team and the community partners celebrated the deep friendship built throughout the program.

Immersion - Independent Project Madagascar / photo by: James Wu

Partnership - Group Program South Korea / photo by: Justin Ching

Artist Statement: A boy that I’ve only seen rowdy and inattentive in class carefully pokes my arm. I turn around, he’s holding up a book and asks me to read it. I ask him instead to read it for me and he tells me with hesitation that he can’t read Korean very well. For a half-Korean child who hasn’t lived in South Korea for very long, I understood he might have felt selfconscious for asking but I felt his enthusiasm to read these Korean folk tales. It takes effort from both parties to create the environment of learning: having understanding of the circumstance of the student and the boy’s, as well as several other students’, desire to learn (and in this case, to be patient with me reading in slow and broken Korean).

Gratitude - Group Program Turkey / photo by: Connie Hernandez

Artist Statement: Erin is hugging our Turkish mother, Halime, to say goodbye. We were thankful for all the work she did for us while we were there. From cooking in the heat during Ramadan to helping us figure out the washing machine, she went above and beyond for us.

Gratitude - Independent Project Ethiopia / photo by: Riyanka Ganguly

Partnership - Independent Project Peru / photo by: Elise Pearson

Artist Statement: During a remote village expedition to evaluate and support a newly instated environmental curriculum that she helped develop at Center ValBio, Kelly decided to experience traditional Malagasy hair braiding. Warmly welcomed into the dim mud hut, she sat on a straw mat as a Malagasy woman known for her neat handiwork transformed Kelly’s hair into rows of tight braids. At the campfire that night, the Malagasy education team could not stop talking about Kelly’s hair because they had never met a vazha, the Malagasy word for foreigner, who changed her appearance to respect local cultural norms. They deeply appreciated Kelly’s consideration and later reflected that this event altered their perception of foreign community volunteers.

Artist Statement: During installation of wind turbines it was essential to establish a relationship with the community for insuring proper installation, maintenance and to emphasise the purpose of the project. The engagement of the community children in all activities was the base foundation of a successful summer!

Artist Statement: When I first went to Gondar, Ethiopia as a young, single woman by myself, I was terrified. But then I met Kalkita and she held my hand as I ventured the streets, somehow making me feel so much more safe and confident now that I knew I had this 7 year old looking out for me and holding my purse. This picture is from my last day as I say goodbye to Kalkita, and as she wipes away my tears and tells me to “stay strong” in Amharic. I am so grateful to her and all my friends in Gondar for reminding me that I can be strong and for helping me prove to myself that my womanhood does not restrict me from following my passions and experiencing new adventures by myself.

http://dukeengage.duke.edu


The Chronicle Reflection - Group Program Lebanon / photo by: Chloe Warnberg

Artist Statement: The girls in this photo stand on a porch in the mountains overlooking a view of Lebanon at sunset. Many of our reflection dinners focused on divisions and sects in Lebanese culture, but the most amazing reflection came when we were confronted with the beautiful intricacy of the country as a whole. We got so wrapped up in and dedicated to the daily work we had that we valued the moments when we had the opportunity to just step back and reflect.

Reflection - Independent Project Ecuador / photo by: Nick Steenwyk

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MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 26, 2016 | 5

Students anticipate Trump, Clinton clash at Monday’s debate

Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons The first presidential debate will focus on domestic policy and will take place at 9 p.m. on NBC.

Christine Seo The Chronicle Monday’s presidential debate holds high stakes for both candidates as election day nears. The first of three presidential debates between Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton and Republican nominee Donald Trump will take place at 9 p.m. on NBC. The debate, which will run for 90 minutes without commercial interruption, will be held at Hofstra University in Hempstead, N.Y. Duke students said they are looking forward to watching the candidates meet. “This will be the first time the two candidates square off face-to-face in the public sphere,” said junior Colin Duffy, president of the Duke College Republicans. “Given the fiery rhetoric surrounding the campaigns, it will be an important time for the candidates to show their understanding of policy, as well as debating abilities.” At Duke, several student political groups are gathering

at Devil’s Krafthouse at 8:30 p.m. for a “Debate Watch Party” sponsored by YOUnite and the Duke International Relations Association. This first event is being funded by the political science department, and Michael Munger, director of undergraduate studies for the department, will introduce the event by presenting a brief overview of presidential debates. YOUnite is a campus organization and advocacy group that focuses on issues affecting young people, such as sexual assault, college access and political engagement. Junior Matthew King, former YOUnite president and a columnist for The Chronicle, noted the need for young people to participate in the election. “The number one role of the youth vote is to make sure the interests of young people are represented in government,” King said. “And the more young people who vote, the more accountable politicians will be to our interests.” The topics of this year’s debates will follow the traditional pattern, with the first focusing on domestic policy, the second functioning as a town hall style, with questions from the audience, and the third on foreign policy. According to the Commission on Presidential Debates, the three topics discussed on Monday will be “America’s Direction,” “Achieving Prosperity” and “Securing America.” During a candidates’ forum earlier this month, NBC’s Matt Lauer drew criticism after failing to correct Trump’s statements that indicated that he was opposed to the Iraq War. Steve Hassey, a vice president of Duke Democrats, said he hopes that this debate’s moderator, Lester Holt, will do a better job. “The failure of Matt Lauer to call Donald Trump out for a number of erroneous comments in the presidential town hall was egregious, and I hope that Lester Holt will learn from Lauer’s errors,” Hassey said. “Fact-checking will need to be an important part of any debate with Donald Trump in it.” See DEBATE on Page 6

Women’s Center launches Men’s Project to ‘deconstruct masculinity’ Artist Statement: While serving at ROMP in Ecuador, I spent lots of time reflecting on what mobility means to us as humans. On the weekends, my partner (Collin Leonard, pictured) and I did lots of mountain climbing, oftentimes with amputee climbers. It is incredible to realize how much we take for granted our ability to access the world. Climbing through beautiful Ecuadorian landscapes with amputee climbers by our side helped us realize that a lack of mobility is not caused by amputation or injury, but rather by lack of access to appropriate prosthetic care.

Please visit the DukeEngage Photo Find Exhibit on the Student Wall in Perkins Library. All winners and finalists will be on display, October 1-31. Finalists include photos from Detroit, Tanzania, Tucson, Durham and more!

Celina Ticoll-Ramirez The Chronicle

“[The curriculum is about] questioning how you can be accountable to feminism, to the women in your life and to the larger community,” Bhowmik said. Smith noted that he hopes the program will help participants undergo a process of “deconstruction and reconstruction.” In addition to the learning groups, the Duke Men’s Project will organize monthly external events that will be open to all genders. Bhowmik emphasized that the curriculum is very much about building accountability. Bressler said the leadership team wants the Duke Men’s Project to create a “very intentionally educational space for male-identified individuals.” In order to reach the male-identified individuals they are hoping to attract, the Duke Men’s Project’s leadership team used Facebook and email listservs and also reached out to friends within their smaller personal communities on campus. Smith explained that they are aiming for roughly 15

The Women’s Center is launching a new initiative focused on redefining masculinity for Duke men. The Duke Men’s Project is a nine-week long, storytellingbased program starting Wednesday that aims to discuss masculinity, feminism and intersectionality. It hopes to “create a space of brotherhood fellowship dedicated to interrogating male privilege and patriarchy,” according to its Facebook page. The leadership team consists of four Duke students—senior Conor Smith and juniors Tanner Johnson, Alex Bressler and Dipro Bhowmik. “There is a sense of passivity that must be overcome,” Johnson said. “It’s easy to say you’re a feminist but actually embodying what that means is a different story—it’s changing how you see the world, straying away from the savior complex that you get assigned from other people and recognizing that See MEN’S PROJECT on Page 6 the labor we put in really pales in comparison to the labor all the other women have put in to this movement.” The program consists of a nine-week curriculum in which a group of male-identified students meet weekly to discuss themes and learning objectives planned by the leadership team, Bhowmik explained. “[The goal of the initiative is to] critique and analyze their own masculinity and toxic masculinities to then create healthier ones,” he said. Senior Andrew Tan-Delli Cicchi, who worked as an intern at the Women’s Center last year, created the Duke Men’s Project based on a similar curriculum at University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The sessions will cover a wide range of topics including male privilege, masculinity and the language of dominance, sexuality and gender diversity as well as intersectional feminism. Johnson explained that the members of the leadership team will act as facilitators, outlining topics of discussion and learning objectives ahead of time. However, the structure of the Special to The Chronicle sessions is not meant to be rigid and strictly guided, but rather Male-identified students will discuss masculinity, feminism and intersectionality in a program by the Women’s Center. to facilitate an open dialogue.


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6 | MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 26, 2016

OBERGEFELL from page 2

groundbreaking decision through behind-thescenes moments and insider accounts. Longo noted that hearing Obergefell speak was easy, he explained, because it was the right added another dimension to the Supreme thing to do and because he and Arthur were Court ruling. fighting for their love and marriage. “I was constantly holding back tears,” he Obergefell described the many issues he said. “It makes me feel so connected to this and his team had to overcome but also noted case and really makes it so personal.” that he was surprised at the overwhelming Although the N.C. Pride Parade will be positive support he received. held Saturday on East Campus, Obergefell will “One of the really surprising things is, in the be unable to attend because he is flying out to course of over two years, from when we filed the marry a couple in Columbus, Ohio. suit to the Supreme Court decision, I got four Obergefell ended by telling the the pieces of mail that were less than supportive. audience to always be proud of who they are. That was it, four,” Obergefell said. “And “Find those people who love you, no matter counteract that with the hundreds of thousands what,” he said. of letters, cards, emails, people stopping me on the street wherever I go, thanking me and from page 5 explaining why our fight is important to them or someone they love.” He noted that he thinks his story resonates Philip Bennett, Eugene C. Patterson with others, which created protection for him. professor of the practice of public policy The conversation also touched on how studies and journalism, noted that people the marriage equality movement is seen disagree about the role of the moderator. as a white male movement by some. Many “You have two people with very different attendees agreed. styles of speaking on the stage,” Bennett said. “I’m really glad that [Obergefell] “It will definitely be a challenge [for Holt] to recognized that his own identity has some maintain a sense of decorum and seriousness influence in this movement, being a white of exchange. He will have to move things male,” Longo said. “It’s really important to forward in a deliberate way, yet in a way that recognize that the queer community can doesn’t give in to spectacle. It’s a tightrope encompass people of all identities.” walk, as you have to allow candidates to talk Obergefell explained the importance of without always playing time cop but still keep continuing to confront issues involving sexual the discussion on a plane where candidates and gender identity. are held accountable for answers to the “There are positive things happening, but questions asked.” until we change society’s attitudes in general, For Duke students, King said the most you know, no kid should be kicked out because salient issue will likely be immigration, they tell their mom or dad that they’re gay or because many students are either immigrants lesbian,” he said. “That’s what we need to fix themselves, international students or the and that takes time.” children of immigrants. Obergefell came to Duke as a stop on At the same time, King noted that there his book tour for “Love Wins,” which he co- is a sense of disillusionment on campus from authored with Debbie Cenziper. The book both sides of the aisle, including Democrats documents the Supreme Court case and the who supported Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders

DEBATE

and Republicans who supported different candidates during the primaries. “As far as campus as a whole, quite understandably there is some disappointment in our choices for this election,” he said. “I think a lot of people are disappointed with a 68-year-old Democratic candidate and a 70-year-old Republican candidate.” King said he hopes there will be a mix of students from various political groups at the watch party as well as those who have paid less attention to the election in the past, representing a “cross-section” of Duke. This presidential debate is expected to see record-high viewership, estimated to be as high as 100 million, according to reporting by the New York Times. “Because of the nature of the campaign, I expect that there will be debate not just about the debate but a debate about the debate about the debate,” Bennett said. “In other words, much will be said about who won and about the standards we use to judge this. Voters must be able to cut through the thicket of various opinions out there and use this debate as one of the ingredients to judge which candidate will speak for them and be a better leader for our country.”

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COSTA RICA from page 2

like a great program.” Junior Arjun Desai said that the program will give students space for experimentation and the opportunity to see how local engineers work at adapting to the environment in Costa Rica. “Engineering for the sake of engineering is great, but to add a cultural perspective that’s not just Europe or the U.S. or Australia, but structured in a Central American country is even greater,” Desai said. He added that he would love to see more study abroad opportunities offered for other majors in Pratt. The ideal students for this program are rising sophomores who have completed the prerequisite introductory courses, but some students will be rising juniors, said Bob Malkin, professor of the practice of biomedical engineering and one of the designers of the program. Although the program is primarily for engineering students, non-Pratt students are allowed to apply, Bucholz said. Malkin said student reactions have been very positive so far and that there is a high demand for this type of program. He added that in a preliminary survey from page 5 conducted last year among first-year Pratt students, more than 100 respondents said participants. they were interested in doing a studyHe noted that developing the Duke Men’s abroad program. In the past, almost Project has been a rewarding process for the one-third of Pratt students have studied team, as they become more aware of others abroad through other programs such as on campus who want to engage in these Duke in Berlin, he noted. discussions. “Most engineering teams nowadays “I’m excited that we are doing our own are multinational,” Malkin said. “Having part to proactively deconstruct masculinity,” global experiences and global perspectives Bressler said. “But we also must remember are very important to engineer students that we owe a lot to the feminist work that was just as they are important for many other already occurring on campus.” majors across campus.”

MEN’S PROJECT


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september 26, 2016

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FIELD HOCKEY: SUFFERS FIRST LOSS AT NO. 5 UNC• WOMEN’S SOCCER: ROUTS VIRGINIA TECH 4-0


8 | MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 26, 2016

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FOOTBALL

Duke comes together after disastrous start, ‘heartbreaking’ DeVon Edwards knee injury Amrith Ramkumar The Chronicle SOUTH BEND, Ind.—The Blue Devils earned one of their biggest upsets in program history Saturday, but it came after seemingly the worst start head coach David Cutcliffe could have scripted for his team. Duke won the coin toss and chose to defer—that was about all that went right for the Blue Devils in the game’s first six minutes. On Notre Dame’s first possession, Fighting Irish quarterback DeShone Kizer completed three passes of at least 15 yards—he had 15 plays of at least 15 yards Saturday afternoon—before waltzing into the end zone on an eight-yard rush. Things went from bad to worse for Duke on the ensuing kickoff. Redshirt senior safety DeVon Edwards—a team captain, All-ACC defensive back and All-American kickoff returner—suffered a knee injury after a 21-yard return. The Covington, Ga., native was helped off the field, unable to put any weight on his left leg, and left the stadium Saturday on crutches. An MRI confirmed Sunday that Edwards tore his ACL and his MCL, ending his season and collegiate career. It was the second time in a month the Blue Devils watched one of their best players and leaders suffer a seasonending injury. Quarterback Thomas Sirk tore his Achilles Aug. 25, meaning that after Edwards went down Duke had to fill an even bigger leadership void in front of 80,000 raucous Notre Dame fans. “I’m going to say this because I’m emotional, but DeVon Edwards and Thomas Sirk are two as good of people, I’m not talking about young men or players, I’m not categorizing them. They’re two as

good of people as I’ve known in my life,” Cutcliffe said. “I’m proud that they’re in my life, that’s how I feel.” Junior Alonzo Saxton replaced Edwards on the Blue Devils’ next possession after Duke went three-and-out, and Notre Dame picked up right were it left off. Following two Josh Adams runs and a completion to the running back, Kizer dropped back with plenty of time to throw and hit Kevin Stepherson in stride down the left side of the field for a 44-yard touchdown. In 6:03, the Blue Devils had gone down 14-0 and lost arguably their best player. But that’s when Duke showed why it has been to four straight bowl games. On the next kickoff, junior running back Shaun Wilson made a gamechanging play, catching the kick at his four-yard line, juking multiple would-be tacklers and sprinting down the left side of the field for a 96-yard touchdown. “I’m the next man up,” Wilson said. “It felt great. I wasn’t necessarily doing it for me. I’m glad that when I did score, the momentum switched and then we wound up scoring again.” Cutcliffe said the Blue Devils had a feeling their first kickoff return for a touchdown in 2016 might be coming soon. “We told our team all week long, ‘We’re on the verge of this, we’re on the verge of this.’ And of course we thought it would be DeVon,” Cutcliffe said. “Shaun is a great athlete—great vision, great quickness. So it did energize us. But I reminded all of them, that’s not what we came up here to do—to have to look for something good to happen to play well.” From that moment on, Duke was a different team. After scoring 27 points in their last 10 quarters leading up to Saturday’s game, the Blue Devils poured in 28 in the first half against Notre Dame. Duke outgained the lethal Notre Dame offense

on the ground and won the time of possession battle, allowing its defense to stop the Fighting Irish on nine of their final 12 possessions. And following Edwards’ injury, his fellow “cheetahs” in the Blue Devil secondary elevated their level of play. Starters Bryon Fields, Corbin McCarthy, Jordan Hayes, Breon Borders and Saxton combined for 27 tackles, five pass breakups, two forced fumbles and a fumble recovery to spark Duke’s defense. Deondre Singleton played the second half after being ejected for targeting against Northwestern and being forced to miss the first half, but came up with an interception near midfield that set up the Blue Devils’ game-winning drive. Although Duke gave up 534 yards of offense, the toughness Edwards has personified throughout his career came through when it needed to most. “We just didn’t stop fighting. When DeVon went down, I told him at halftime, ‘We got your back,’” Borders said. “If one goes down, the next has got to step up. I felt like [Saxton], he stepped up big, came in and made a lot of big plays.” The Blue Devils knocked off a preseason top-10 team on the road as 20-point underdogs without two of their best players and captains for essentially the whole game. Now they will look to build off that momentum with very winnable games against Virginia and Army and continue thriving amid early-season adversity. “If we hadn’t been as prepared, and DeVon had a big part to do with that, we wouldn’t have been able to respond,” Cutcliffe said. “I believe in my heart that we have the right kind of people, and that’s what you do when you’re the right kind of people.”

The Blue Devils scored more points in the first half Satu back to their season opener and forced three Notre Dam

With Duke trailing 35-28 in the fourth quarter, Anthony Nash broke free down the left sideline for the 64-yard game-tying score.

Jack White | The Chronicle Junior Shaun Wilson had 66 rushing yards Saturday afternoon—more than he had in his first three games of the season combined.


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MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 26, 2016 | 9

FOOTBALL

String of timely adjustments culminates in A.J. Reed’s game-winning field goal Amrith Ramkumar The Chronicle

Jack White | The Chronicle urday than they had in their previous 10 quarters dating me turnovers.

JuniorrunningbackShaun Wilson’s 96-yard kickoff return for a touchdown energized Duke and cut its early 14-point deficit in half in the first quarter.

SOUTH BEND, Ind.—The wizard of Wallace Wade has done it again. Head coach David Cutcliffe and his staff have been maligned by fans and critics the past few weeks as Duke suffered back-to-back double digit losses. And rightfully so. The Blue Devils committed 10 turnovers in three games, were averaging more than seven penalties per contest and suffered through a series of special teams gaffes. True freshman kicker A.J. Reed missed three field goals inside 45 yards and an extra point, and redshirt freshman punter Austin Parker dropped multiple snaps. The holder in Duke’s first three games, Parker also took his hands off a snap during the Blue Devils’ second extra point attempt against Wake Forest—Reed still made it, but it was another sign that one of the most disciplined teams in the nation was not itself early in the year. Yet Duke fans need not have worried. The man who has resurrected the Blue Devil football program and his staff made a series of adjustments for Saturday’s Notre Dame game that paid off in a big way, culminating in Reed’s 19yard game-winning field goal to complete a remarkable comeback. Perhaps the most crucial of those adjustments? Replacing Parker at holder with walk-on Danny Stirt, a backup placekicker and punter who helped Duke’s kicking unit execute five perfect extra points and Reed’s final kick with 1:24 left in the game. “[Stirt] just had a great week to build confidence in A.J.,” Cutcliffe said. “That unit there—they believe in [Reed], and he’s got a lot of talent, so I knew when he came down there at the end, the field goal, there was no doubt in my mind that he was going to make it.” Before the true freshman converted his first career field goal, multiple Blue Devil veterans, including redshirt senior Corbin McCarthy, were in Reed’s ear before the pressure situation. “A few guys came and talked to me. They were all pretty much saying, ‘We got your

Jack White | The Chronicle Redshirt junior wide receiver Quay Chambers made the first touchdown catch of his career in the second quarter Saturday and had five catches for 55 yards in his first start.

back, man. We believe in you, we know you’re going to make this,’” Reed said. “Everybody’s really had my back and really believed in me.... It’s paying off right now.” But if you thought Duke’s personnel changes were limited to Jim Bridge’s special teams unit, think again. Redshirt junior wide receiver Quay Chambers made the first start of his career Saturday after entering the game with two career receptions, both of which came against N.C. Central in Week 1. The former quarterback appeared to take redshirt sophomore Chris Taylor’s opportunities at the position Saturday and made the most of them. After the Blue Devils forced a fumble about halfway through the second quarter, Chambers broke free down the right sideline for a quick 25-yard touchdown strike to give Duke its first lead of the game. The play was the Blue Devils’ first passing touchdown in 11 quarters. Perhaps more importantly, it showed a shift in the mindset of quarterback Daniel Jones and company immediately following a turnover. In Duke’s last two games, the Blue Devils were unable to turn momentum into touchdowns, something they wasted little time doing against the

Following a Deondre Singleton interception, Duke drove to the oneyard line to set up A.J. Reed’s game-winning field goal with 1:27 left. Jack White | The Chronicle Despite losing safety DeVon Edwards, Duke’s secondary held firm late in Saturday’s game.

Fighting Irish. Chambers finished the game with five catches for 55 yards and the touchdown—one of three wideouts with at least five catches for 50 yards. “I have all the confidence in the world in Quay and all those guys out there,” Jones said. “Quay made so many big plays for us and that was good to see for sure.” Along the offensive line, Duke made strides against Northwestern following a dismal performance against Wake Forest in which the Blue Devils had 37 yards on 30 rushes. After finishing with 117 yards rushing against the Wildcats, Duke cleared the 200-yard mark. Much of that success came up the middle, where redshirt sophomore left guard Zach Harmon made his second start Saturday and the Blue Devils were finally able to spring running backs Jela Duncan and Shaun Wilson. “[Power running] was just an adjustment that our [offensive coordinator Zac Roper] made—bringing the tight ends in,” Wilson said. “The running game was hitting all day, honestly. We just stayed to what was true and what was working.” With Duke’s offense consistently moving the chains for the first time since its season opener, the defense was able to close out a game with fresh legs and took advantage. Redshirt sophomore Tinashe Bere split time with star redshirt freshman Joe GilesHarris at will linebacker and made five tackles. And redshirt freshman safety Jordan Hayes’ start for Deondre Singleton could not have worked out much better for the Blue Devils—Hayes led the team in tackles with seven before Singleton made a lategame interception. “Jordan Hayes—he’s a great player,” Borders said. “He could be a starter. He’s a great player, we all believed he could do it and we weren’t wrong. He came out and balled out today.” Duke still has a long road ahead to make a fifth straight bowl game, but if Saturday was any indication, Cutcliffe and his staff likely won’t leave any stone unturned to try to get the Blue Devils to yet another postseason.


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FIELD HOCKEY

UNC uses 3 second-half goals to hand Duke first loss Cole Winton The Chronicle CHAPEL HILL—For 35 minutes, the Blue Devils dictated play against North Carolina, holding the high-powered Tar Heel offense to two shots and one penalty corner. Thanks to an early Ashley Kristen goal, Duke went into halftime leading its rivals 1-0. But for the sixth straight matchup between the two DUKE 2 teams, North Carolina had the 3 UNC last laugh. The No. 5 Tar Heels erupted for three second-half goals to continue their dominance of the No. 2 Blue Devils and hand Duke its first loss of the season 3-2 at Francis E. Henry Stadium. The Blue Devil defense was unable to contain North Carolina in the second half, allowing nine second-half shots and four penalty corners that put constant pressure on redshirt freshman goalkeeper Sammi Steele. On the other end of the field, the Tar Heel defense once again shut down Duke’s explosive offense. The Blue Devils average 16.3 shots per game but finished with just six Sunday afternoon—they have now lost 15 of their last 16 games against North Carolina dating back to 2006. “In the second half, we’re not really sure [what happened], and that’s something we’ve got to address—how we

Carolyn Chang | The Chronicle Junior forward Ashley Kristen gave the Blue Devils an early 1-0 lead but Duke was unable to protect it, falling to North Carolina for the sixth straight time.

got on the back foot,” Duke head coach Pam Bustin said. Off to their best start in program history, the Blue Devils (8-1) could not have scripted a much better start in the unique nonconference meeting between the Tobacco Road rivals because of House Bill 2. In the third minute, Kristen broke away from the Tar Heel defense after a

turnover, receiving a pass from graduate student Aisling Naughton before firing a shot past North Carolina goalkeeper Alex Halpin. The rest of the half was a defensive battle, with teams that average more than three goals per game combining for just five total shots. Any time the Tar Heels looked like they were about to break through the Duke defense, the Blue Devils

came up with timely clears to disrupt North Carolina’s offense as the Tar Heels dominated possession. But coming off a dramatic win against No. 1 Syracuse Friday, North Carolina (8-2) turned possession into scoring opportunities in the second half, firing several shots at Steele to start the period. The Blue Devils stopped the first few, but in the 47th minute Eva van’t Hoog got the home team on the board with a shot from the left side. The Dutch midfielder was just getting started. Less than four minutes later, van’t Hoog found some room near Duke’s goal and capitalized, sending a shot between two Blue Devils’ legs to give North Carolina its first lead of the game. Another Tar Heel from the Netherlands scored in the 61st minute to put the Blue Devils in their biggest hole of the season. Freshman forward Eef Andriessen broke free from Duke’s defense, beating Steele for the third time in less than 15 minutes to make the score 3-1. For the first time this year, the Blue Devils were unable to come up with key defensive stops when they needed them most. “[We need to use] it as a learning experience, practicing really hard this week and remembering how we feel now and using it as fuel for the rest of the See FIELD HOCKEY on Page 13

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WOMEN’S SOCCER

Blue Devils take out offensive frustrations on Hokies Jack Dolgin The Chronicle Coming off a 0-0 draw against Louisville and having scored only nine goals in its last 15 games, Duke’s offense entered Sunday hoping to step up its level of play. Mission accomplished. The No. 7 Blue Devils dominated No. 19 Virginia Tech 4-0 at Thompson Field in Blacksburg, Va., snapping a three-game losing streak against the Hokies and giving Duke its best start DUKE 4 to ACC play since 0 2011, when the Blue VT Devils reached the national championship game. Duke scored early and often, including two goals from junior Imani Dorsey, a penalty kick by senior Christina Gibbons in the 13th minute and a strike by freshman Ella Stevens 30 seconds into the second half. “[It was] one of the most complete efforts that we’ve had all year, both offensively and defensively,” Blue Devil head coach Robbie Church said. “For us to go through two ACC games, one at home, one on the road without giving up a goal, and get four out of a possible six points, that was great.” One of Duke’s main goals Sunday was to convert possession into closerange scoring opportunities. Against the Cardinals, the Blue Devils frequently settled for shots outside the penalty box

NEAR DUKE

rather than attacking the goal either down the wings or with through balls. Duke altered things on the road and was rewarded quickly, when senior Toni Payne sent a ball toward sophomore Taylor Racioppi near the goal. Virginia Tech goalkeeper Mandy McGlynn took down Racioppi, giving the Blue Devils a penalty kick that Gibbons converted for her second score of the year. Rather than playing conservatively to preserve its lead, Duke (7-2-2, 2-0-1 in the ACC) pressed on and found the back of the net two minutes later. Stevens fed Dorsey for a breakaway, and the Elkridge, Md., native—who now leads the team with five goals this year—beat McGlynn for the Blue Devils’ first two-goal lead of the year against a ranked opponent. Virginia Tech (8-4, 0-3) fought back with six shots in the first half to match Duke’s shot total during the first 45 minutes. But junior goalkeeper E.J. Proctor made two saves in the frame to preserve the cushion, part of her 16th shutout effort—a total that ranks tied for fourth in program history. “We’ve given up way too many goals,” Church said of a defense that ranked 102nd in the nation entering the weekend in goals allowed per game. “E.J. made a really nice save to give us the shutout.” Coming out of halftime, Dorsey fired another shot at McGlynn, who this time did enough to keep it from going in. But Stevens was right there for the putback to

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Chris Teufel | The Chronicle Junior Imani Dorsey sparked Duke’s offensive outburst Sunday with two goals after the Blue Devils could not score on more than 30 shots against Louisville Thursday.

notch her fourth goal of the year. “We’re a veteran group, we understand that this is a 90-minute game, not a 45-minute game,” Church said. “I don’t think we’ve come out of the locker room great in the second half, but we came out really, really well.” Dorsey scored her second goal of the afternoon in the 61st minute off of a beautiful work of passing. Payne and Gibbons executed a give-and-go, and Payne then crossed the ball in for the junior, who recorded the first two-goal

performance of her career. With the Blue Devils firmly in control for much of the match, they were able to rest their starters. Payne played only 59 minutes Sunday after looking fatigued Thursday night, and now has four assists this year. The four goals are the most Duke has scored against a Power 5 opponent this season, providing a confidence boost for an offense that returns most of its players from last year but lost sophomore striker See W. SOCCER on Page 13


12 | MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 26, 2016

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MEN’S SOCCER

Duke controls everything but scoreboard in 1-1 draw Andrew Donohue The Chronicle In a battle of teams searching for their first ACC victory, Duke looked to continue its momentum from a win against Georgia Southern Tuesday and snatch a second straight home victory. But after a promising start, the Blue Devils’ struggles to find the net left them with a disappointing finish that will keep them waiting for their first conference win a bit longer. 1 PITT Although Duke DUKE 1 controlled possession and outshot the Panthers 16-8, the Blue Devils played to a 1-1 draw against Pittsburgh Friday night at Koskinen Stadium. Duke was unable to capitalize on several scoring opportunities throughout the first and second halves, before being stifled in overtime. “It stings badly,” Blue Devil head coach John Kerr said. “It’s two points missed for sure and we’re going to have to regroup and make sure we take care of games like these. We were clearly the better team, we dominated the game from start to finish and we need to make them pay.” Duke (3-2-2, 0-2-1 in the ACC) struck first when junior midfielder Brian White won a penalty kick just 26 seconds after kickoff. Graduate student Ryan Thompson played a long ball over the top of the Panthers defense to White,

who was streaking down the middle of the field. As White began to strike the ball, the Pittsburgh goalkeeper Mikal Outcalt came off the line and made contact with the Flemington, N.J., native. On the ensuing penalty kick, White buried the ball into the middle of the net for his third goal of the season. “I saw a ball played in, someone flicked it on,” White said, “I chased after it, I saw the goalie was coming out pretty aggressively so I tried to take a touch around him and just take the contact.” The Blue Devils continued to control play in the next 20 minutes, moving the ball around and preventing the Panthers (1-5-2, 0-2-1) from maintaining possession. But Pittsburgh knotted the match in the 22nd minute when junior Darcy Bloeman served a corner kick to the far post, finding freshman midfielder Luca Mellor for a header passed the outstretched arms of goalkeeper Robert Moewes. Mellor leads the Panthers with three goals and six points this season. Duke dominated the rest of the action, creating numerous opportunities, most of them coming from runs down the sides and crosses into the box. Thompson and White—who combined for 10 shots, half of which were on goal—threatened again with shots in the 26th and 28th minutes, respectively, but Outcalt was in position to make two of his six saves on the night. The Blue Devils’ best opportunity to

Juan Bermudez | The Chronicle Junior midfielder Brian White finished with a goal and five shots, but the Blue Devils were unable to break a 1-1 tie.

score the tie-breaking goal came near the end of the first half. Pittsburgh committed a hand-ball during a shot by sophomore midfielder Torbjorn Alseth in the 44th minute, setting up Duke’s second penalty kick. But Outcalt recorded another stop when he guessed right on junior Carter Manley’s attempt. The rest of the match was an extension of the first 45 minutes. Although the Blue Devils outshot Pittsburgh 8-1 in the second half and held the Panthers to no corner kicks, Kerr’s squad could not find

a breakthrough. In the 59th minute, defender Markus Fjørtoft fired a shot on goal, but Outcalt responded with another save. Pittsburgh also almost gave Duke a second goal when the Panthers deflected a free kick by Thompson off their own cross bar. “We had easily four or five crosses we should have gotten on the end of,” Kerr said. “It’s disappointing we didn’t finish See M. SOCCER on Page 13

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FOOTBALL from page 1

M. SOCCER from page 12

“Any time you play good offense, it starts with the offensive line,” Cutcliffe said. “I couldn’t have been more proud of a group. They’ve answered the bell and hopefully we can continue to grow in that area.” With Duke’s offensive front settled in, Jones had his best game of the season, finishing 24-of-32 for 290 yards. Although the Blue Devils squandered their first four drives of the second half on the Notre Dame side of the field—including when Jones threw an interception in the end zone and the Fighting Irish stopped Duke on 4th-and-1—the Charlotte native made the biggest play of his young career with the pass to Nash. A redshirt senior, Nash caught a 32yard touchdown on a deep post late in the second quarter before breaking free down the left sideline for the Blue Devils’ first second-half points and the gametying score. “We saw a look from their secondary that made us think that was a possibility,” Jones said of the fourth-quarter score. “We tested it out and it worked out for us, and no doubt that was a huge play.” With Duke’s offense able to sustain drives, the Blue Devil defense finished the game strong despite losing redshirt senior safety and captain DeVon Edwards to a knee injury in the first quarter. Although the Blue Devil defense gave up 534 yards to Kizer and company, it forced three turnovers and came up big when it had to after allowing two quick touchdowns to start the game. Notre Dame missed a field goal in the first half and was unable to convert nine of its final 12 drives into points.

off our chances.” In overtime, junior midfielder Macario Hing-Glover continued to pressure the Pittsburgh defense as he attacked along the right side. The Phoenix native generated another scoring chance when he slid the ball across the face of the goal, but senior forward Jared Golestani was unable to reach the ball in time for a shot. “We just have to keep working on finishing and movement in the final third so we can get the goals that we need to get,” White said. The Blue Devils will return to the field Tuesday night against Georgia State to wrap up a four-game home stretch before continuing ACC play against N.C. State Friday.

Jack White | The Chronicle Redshirt freshman Daniel Jones limited turnovers and finished with 290 passing yards and three touchdowns Saturday.

Seven Duke players had at least five tackles, led by redshirt freshman safety Jordan Hayes’ seven. Hayes made his first career start for senior Deondre Singleton, who was ejected from last week’s Northwestern game for targeting and forced to sit out the first half. Like the Blue Devils’ other veterans, Singleton made his mark on the game by picking off Kizer to set up Duke’s game-winning drive. Following its momentum-building win, Duke will take on Virginia next weekend at Wallace Wade Stadium in search of its first ACC victory. The Blue Devils started the week as a reeling team searching for an identity. They will end it victorious on the road against a preseason top-10 team. “We found out a little bit more about ourselves today and what our personality is and has to be to win,” Cutcliffe said. “Not all that complicated, we did the things we had to do to give ourselves a chance to win on the road and then found a way to win it in the fourth quarter.”

FIELD HOCKEY from page 10

season,” Steele said. Although they found themselves facing their largest deficit of the season, the Blue Devils made things interesting by responding with a quick score of their own. Coming out of a timeout with less than 10 minutes left in the game, Naughton brought Duke to within one goal after an accidentally-whiffed shot that acted as a convincing fake, leading Halpin to bite and leaving an open cage for Naughton. “It was definitely a little too late, but I’m happy it happened because it is a reminder that it is possible, and that’s exactly what you have to bring,” Bustin said. “I was really happy with the changes that they made coming out of that timeout.” from page 11 Naughton’s goal seemed to spark the Blue Devils to a late rally that featured a Kayla McCoy for the year with an Achilles scoring chance on a crossed ball right in injury Sept. 17 against Boston College. front of the cage as the game clock hit 10 It is also a reminder of how far the team seconds, but the ball was deflected out of has come from last year, when the Hokies bounds and North Carolina was able to went up on Duke 4-0 before the Blue run out the clock. Following another disappointing loss Devils scored two late goals. to the Tar Heels, Duke returns home and Duke found success without senior to conference action with a Friday tilt midfielder Rebecca Quinn, who missed her second straight game and fourth against No. 9 Boston College. “You can learn from a loss. Winning in three weeks. She was dealing with a back injury earlier in the year, and now is eight games in a row is a pretty strong scorecard to have, so to be able to have battling turf toe. “Hopefully she’ll be back on the a loss and recognize what the situation is—what our weaknesses are—so that we practice field next week,” Church said. With only seven games remaining in can have a loss right now rather than in The New York Syndication Corporation a more serious match down the line [is the regular season, DukeTimes will host SyracuseSales 620 Eighth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10018 important],” Naughton said. “We can Sunday—one of For three straight Call: matchups Information 1-800-972-3550 absolutely against unranked opponents. Forconference Release Saturday, Monday, September 26, For Release September 24, 2016 2016 build from this.”

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Actively participate in the debate

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onight, the first presidential debate of the 2016 elections will be aired from Hofstra University. Amidst midterms, papers and homework, students may recognize that their time is a finite resource and may not feel inclined to watch the presidential debate, dismissing this election as a foregone conclusion even though recent polls do not support this. Despite the hyper-politicization of this year’s election, however, we encourage students to truly engage with tonight’s debate. Like many college campuses, Duke can function as a political island, and as a result, political dialogue on campus often manifests itself as different from broader, national discussions. Listening to the candidates weigh in on issues during the debate will allow students to gain some new perspective or continue to keep a pulse on how these issues affect the national political landscape. For many students who have not thought deeply about a broad range of political issues, the debate can help them develop a more nuanced understanding. To facilitate an engagement with the debate, before tuning in to watch, students should pinpoint key issues--and their own viewpoints on the issues--that they hope to hear the candidates

expand upon during the debate. While this election cycle places immigration policy on the forefront of our national consciousness, other issues such as climate change and student loans may resonate with us more as students. Furthermore, the debate provides an opportunity to consider opposing views in productive ways. American politics is increasingly polarized at all levels, and an unfortunate consequence of this development is increased ideological inflexibility.

Editorial At the national level, this attitude is reflected in the oppositionalism evident in discourse of our representatives. Presumably, all groups in the political dialogue share goals of justice and prosperity for America in some abstract sense. However, being situated in certain geographic, demographic or socioeconomic contexts can lead to strikingly different solutions to common problems. If groups could highlight and focus on the commonalities in their positions, political dialogue would be more productive. While this may not seem feasible on a national level, we can aim to achieve this form of

onlinecomment “Sports are not arbitrarily gendered. They have to be so to allow females to be competitive. You may reject the psychology of gender, but the physiology prevails.” — “Jimbo,” responding to “Runs like a girl,” published September 22, 2016

LETTERS POLICY The Chronicle welcomes submissions in the form of letters to the editor or guest columns. Submissions must include the author’s name, signature, department or class, and for purposes of identification, phone number and local address. Letters should not exceed 325 words; contact the editorial department for information regarding guest columns. The Chronicle will not publish anonymous or form letters or letters that are promotional in nature. The Chronicle reserves the right to edit letters and guest columns for length, clarity and style and the right to withhold letters based on the discretion of the editorial page editor.

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14 | MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 26, 2016

Direct submissions to: E-mail: chronicleletters@duke.edu Editorial Page Department The Chronicle Box 90858, Durham, NC 27708 Phone: (919) 684-2663 Fax: (919) 684-4696

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understanding as individuals. As a step toward this goal, we recommend watching the debate with other students, especially those with different ideologies. The debate watch party hosted in the Devil’s Krafthouse presents a unique opportunity to watch the debates in a diverse and engaged crowd with analysis by Mike Munger to provide expert perspective on the history of national presidential debates. Of course, we recognize that for some groups, the current political discourse can be toxic. In some sense, the debate may not provide a platform for reasoned debate but rather hateful speech directed at particular groups, and some students may find language used during the debate to be viscerally uncomfortable and potentially traumatizing. However, students who are not directly impacted by this kind of speech should be paying attention, and should continue the dialogue once the debate finishes. The debate provides a springboard for more in-depth conversations during which students can engage with their political differences. Such open-minded conversations grant the structure for the type of practical dialogue we hope will advance our country toward the goals we share in one way or another.

A sweet solution to police brutality

n the wake of two more fatal interactions between black men and police officers in the past week alone, it is now overwhelmingly clear that the need for reform is no longer up for debate. Americans from all ends of the political spectrum yearn for an end to the violence and bloodshed that have become all too commonplace in a nation that was primarily built upon...well, violence and bloodshed. Nonetheless, as the leaves turn, so too have complacent attitudes about the promotion of justice—or lack thereof—in the U.S. I know I’m not alone when I say that it’s high time that our nation’s leaders begin proposing concrete solutions to this unignorable problem. However, as

Monday Monday

decrease your likelihood of getting shot, avoid officers’ lines of sight at all possible costs in order to circumvent the awkward scenario in which they happen to be old pals with David Duke. In all fairness, it can be alarming to stumble upon a black person leading a life outside the context of a music video or basketball game. On the topic of guns, those too should follow a similar policy of limited use—on the part of black people of course. Does no one read the Constitution’s fine print? The Second Amendment states “...the right of the people to keep and bear arms (so long as those people’s melanin levels are beneath the range of a post-Bahamas tan).” In keeping with my perfectly-crafted analogy, Peanut M&M’s,

MONDAY MONDAY this is unlikely to happen anytime soon, especially in light of recent groundbreaking reports about the questionable birthplace of President Barack Obama— if that is his real name—perhaps our only hope lies in the proactivity of concerned citizens. Therefore, as an over-informed Duke undergraduate, I humbly offer my own remedies to the country’s ills. I think it’s important to unpack the complex problem that has some white folks more confused than the first time they attempted the “Whip/Nae Nae.” Because everyone loves a good simile, let’s go ahead and call the relationship between law enforcement officers and black civilians the same as that between Peanut M&M’s and Reese’s Pieces. In other words, they’re essentially the same, but rarely placed in the same bowl for fear that the colors will clash and they’ll get in each other’s way. While this candy conundrum provides us with an extremely accurate and intricate depiction of historically troublesome interactions between people of color and the legal system, one may remain doubtful as to how the simple solution that is separating Halloween treats can be applied to police officers and black suspects. I would venture to say that the two situations are nearly identical. If, for instance, black victims, like Reese’s Pieces, didn’t have to go and become more relevant and accepted, putting themselves in vending machines and whatnot, perhaps Peanut M&M’s, our white officers, wouldn’t have as much reason to assert their authority in the vending machine realm. Furthermore, the scientific community has long been in agreement that Reese’s Pieces are unfit to drive cars. Has the moment come in which we will finally break from our politically-correct chains and assert that some of our countrymen do the same? If black Americans simply didn’t drive cars, thus limiting their presence in public spaces, then officers with a knack for racial profiling would have far fewer opportunities to practice their favorite technique. The logic is clear: to

as the historically more favored candy, possess certain inherent rights that their bottom-shelf friends simply do not. It is only natural, therefore, that the topdogs find it pretty irksome when the other sugarcoated morsels are afforded the same privileges, such as the right to lawful open-carry in a state that permits lawful open-carry. In laymen’s terms, when you don’t have the same rights as white people, don’t do the same things as white people, or risk pissing off some white people. By now, it’s probably fairly apparent that there are many small and manageable changes that a black person could take in order to politely dissuade a police officer from shooting him or her. However, because this issue is so urgent, I think it worth the while to offer yet another easy fix. I would urge black Americans to start living in safer places. Statistics and other numerical chart things do show that law enforcement is more likely to patrol crimeridden neighborhoods. Further poll-like data does show that blacks are more likely to live in such neighbors than whites, based on socioeconomic opportunity stuff. So, it’s obvious: just move to a new neighborhood where “security” is synonymous with older gentleman on Segways. All of this in mind, I will leave you to consider whether the real solution would be for some black people to just change their overall aesthetic. Though top researchers have yet to explain this phenomenon, for some strange reason, hoods, long gold chains and oversized t-shirts only earn societal approval when worn by upper-class white women who list their profession as “fashion blogger” when doing their non-taxes. If only blacks left such trends to the likes of these true American heroes, they certainly wouldn’t draw the kind of attention that frequently results in being shot by Peanut M&M’s without cameras on their candy-coated skin. Alas, as Mean Girls reminds us, Reese’s Pieces aren’t orange, yellow and brown because M&M’s hate them; M&M’s hate them because they’re orange, yellow and brown. Stay woke, Duke.


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MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 26, 2016 | 15

The best we’ve got? Black lives still matter T H

he best word to describe our form of government is no longer “democracy.” The United States isn’t exactly an “oligarchy” either, despite a recent study alleging as much. The most fitting term to describe America’s current state of affairs is an unfamiliar one: “kakistocracy.” Kakistocracy means “a form of government in which the worst persons are in power.” The word comes from the Greek kákistos, meaning “the worst,” and the suffix -cracy, meaning “rule by.” Kákistos, it is worth noting, possibly shares a root with “defecate.” Spanish speakers will recognize a distant relative of kákistos in caca.

Matthew King

by output measures, such as what she has achieved. As Senator, Clinton did build productive partnerships with Republicans, such as John McCain, who served with her on the Armed Services Committee. But her legislative record is sparse; over eight years in the Senate, only three of the bills Clinton sponsored became law, all of them minor commemorative acts approved by voice vote. Clinton’s greatest accomplishment as Secretary of State was teeing up the Trans-Pacific Partnership, the trade deal she once called the “gold standard.” Now she condemns TPP on the campaign trail. This last episode

AT THE WATER’S EDGE The voters can smell kakistocracy coming from a mile away. One citizen with an especially good nose for kakistocracy managed to avoid it altogether. To quote a refreshingly tongue-in-cheek obituary from this past May, “Faced with the prospect of voting for either Donald Trump or Hillary Clinton, Mary Anne Noland of Richmond chose, instead, to pass into the eternal love of God.” Since Mary Anne’s departure, the presidential race has somewhat expanded. Our political palette now contains four colors instead of the usual two: Jill Stein’s green and Gary Johnson’s gold have augmented Donald Trump’s red and Hillary Clinton’s blue. Swirl them together and you get the color of kakistocracy: brown. To support the claim that America is a kakistocracy and that the 2016 candidates don’t represent the best of America, it is worth recapping the striking poverty of choices for which 2016 will surely be remembered. Jill Stein. The Green Party candidate is a doctor best known for the dog-whistle heard round the medical world: antivaxxers, she argued earlier this summer, have “real questions” that deserve more attention. Adding to doubts about Stein’s judgment, she has failed to disavow her running mate’s characterization of President Obama as an “Uncle Tom.” Gary Johnson. The former New Mexico governor does have political experience and has brought important issues—such as criminal justice reform—to the fore. But for someone who has been running for president since 2011, his ignorance of foreign policy is inexcusable. “What is Aleppo?” and “I’m not sure”—Johnson’s response to a question about whether America should have intervened in World War II—do not inspire confidence in a would-be Commander-in-Chief. Donald Trump. I have written previously about Trump’s many flaws. At this point in the campaign, it’s worth adding another: None of the promised “Trump change” has materialized. He hasn’t matured as a candidate over the course of the campaign, and if his staff and convention speakers are any indication of a Trump presidency, he will continue to fail to attract top talent. Instead, the Trump administration would be filled with resume-pushing, celebritychasing office-seekers. Hillary Clinton. Clinton is a conventional politician with years of experience, making her the most experienced nominee since George H. W. Bush in 1988. If participation points were the only metric in grading Clinton, she’d have an A+. But experience is an input measure, and it’s worth assessing Clinton

ung from trees, shot hundreds of times, castrated, stabbed and stripped of every inch of their human dignity, blacks of America’s past endured a history of injustice the modern day has yet to put behind. Although this culture of lynching, herein defined as the practice of killing in the absence of a legal authority, may have originated in 18th-century United States as a method of justice, its current-day applications remain omnipresent. In 2015 alone, the police shot and killed 986 people; similarly disconcerting to say the least is that unarmed black people are five times more likely to be killed at the hands

Sabriyya Pate

seen their stories unfold over and over again no longer feels the distress that empowers actors for social change. Important to know is that, as well-articulated by Drew Harwell of the Washington Post, gutwrenching images and videos of black death are nothing new to the black community; “only now, as the videos have grown beyond sites such as WorldStar to fill the Internet, has the visual horror of their violence become available to a mainstream audience—and that much harder to ignore.” Evidenced by the lack of imagines of the Charlie Hebdo offices and a conspicuous tendency to use titles of “former Stanford student” or other flattering

IN FORMATION demonstrates Clinton’s greatest flaw: She will say anything to get elected. Instead of picking good policy and using her bully pulpit as a candidate to persuade and educate the public on the wisdom of her positions, she drops her ideas the moment they seem unpopular. On other issues, such as same-sex marriage, she only joins the fight once it has already been won. Clinton is a peculiar kind of conviction politician— one whose only overriding conviction is that she deserves more power. Nothing in this column should be interpreted as suggesting that all four candidates would make equally terrible presidents—there are shades of kakistocracy, for some forms of misrule are more tolerable than others. In this election, we must choose among four candidates with serious weaknesses, none of whom promises presidential greatness. A subsequent column will explore my struggle to pick a candidate and the factors at work in my decision. But it would be foolish to get in the business of advocating for any candidate in this race without first acknowledging that our poor choices in 2016 represent a larger problem, kakistocracy, which threatens the Republic in a far more fundamental way than the outcome of a single election. It will take substantial reforms to undo the mess we’re in. I don’t know an exact formula to solve the problems in American politics, but any package of reforms would probably touch on gerrymandering, campaign finance, civic education, primaries, parties and special interests. We’re living through an age that resembles Rotten Boroughridden Britain before the Reform Bills or political machine-driven America before the Progressive Era. This is a time when everyone is losing faith in our institutions, for good reason—they’re failing us. Making politics more functional would help to break the vicious cycle we see today, with good leaders avoiding politics because they think they can’t make a difference, leaving mediocre or genuinely bad leaders free to rise to the top, which in turn discourages good leaders from entering politics. I refuse to believe that the four candidates in the presidential race represent the best leadership America has to offer. With a population of 324 million, the United States surely has dozens, if not hundreds or thousands of better leaders than the ones presently contending for the Oval Office. We can do better than this. Matthew T. King is a Trinity junior. His column, “at the water’s edge” runs on alternate Mondays.

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of law enforcement, compared to unarmed whites. Of these 986, most of their names have remained unknown to the passive mainstream media follower, despite their vast legacies to be mourned. And yet, a counter-culture to fight back the threat of erasure remains limited. These past weeks alone have ushered in yet another wave of names to be commemorated in a seemingly never ending battle to combat police brutality. On September 16, fortyyear-old Terence Crutcher was fatally shot by a Tulsa police officer named Betty Shelby (who has since been charged with felony manslaughter in the first-degree). Just days later on September 20, another officer fatally shot Keith Lamont Scott, another black life lost in a muddle of apparent lack of grounds with the police square in the middle. When we think about lynching, some may picture images of mangled corpses from a period in American history not too long ago. However, what is similarly horrific is how frequently these images and episodes of unfounded murder unfold without garnering a mere wince from those privileged enough to do so. What is similarly horrific is how miniscule an impact the prevalent rate of murder, what some have called incremental genocide against black Americans, truly has on those unwilling victims of desensitization. The concept of lynching sounded terrifying to the non-blacks complicit in “lynch laws” for the purpose of controlling the “despised” Negroes. It is neither humane nor natural to perpetuate “burnings at the stake, maiming, dismemberment, castration and other brutal methods of physical torture,” as characterized by Robert A. Gibson of the YaleNew Haven Teachers Institute. Still, lynching was a staple of the five decades of American history—from the end of Reconstruction to the start of the Great Depression. However, through years of injustice and action, complacency (if not participation) on part of oppressive institutions, racialized politics have created a perfect breeding ground for tragedies upon tragedies—and a bewildering desensitization of it all to accompany. Today, the U.S. is in midst of an epidemic once again targeting black minorities who have been stripped of their voting rights, ostracised from the political process, physically barred from achieving social mobility, stifled in the realm of education, unquestionable police brutality and a litany of other examples of social injustice. And to exacerbate the pain of this situation entirely, we now must deal with the issue of desensitization to the effects of police violence and the whole host of structural inequities that play out too frequently. Popularized incidents of clear excessive force directed towards people of color (those of Michael Brown, Trayvon Martin, Freddie Gray, Dontre Hamilton, Bettie Jones, Tanisha Anderson and too many more than one can possibly carry the burden of) run the threat of exposure; a society that has

associations, minority life is often times offered an unparalleled degree of respect than that afforded to black life. Still, the exposure offered to this specific audience is setting a huge precedent for how mainstream society atlarge begins to address these issues. When did the horrific killings of black people prompt a meager response of “thank God it wasn’t me or my family”? We, as a collective, need to take a step back and ask ourselves how did we become so grossly desensitized; and then, once we have internalized just a glimpse of the pain to be swallowed, think about what it takes to end this epidemic. After all, activism is not a taboo limited for individuals of a particular career path; today and tomorrow, contributions are to be made on part of people from all backgrounds and areas of expertise. Importantly, at Duke University, these problems are not ignored; on September 21, about one hundred Divinity School students gathered in front of the Chapel to protest the shooting of Scott. However, there is certainly more to be done to ensure an open campus climate where these problems can even be objectively addressed to begin with. For allies who recognize the strife and want to resist complacency, it is not fruitful to ask, “Why wasn’t I personally invited to the protests?” or even claim that “they have it taken care of.” Every “racial” identity group has a role to play in supporting efforts to combat institutionalized racism, and acknowledging privilege is simply an elementary prerequisite to these conversations. Rather, ask how can you, assuming a nonmarginalized “racial” identity group, try to rectify the situation in conceding your privilege. Allyship is also about informing yourself and asking the right questions. The Chicago Police Department recently announced plans to hire 970 officers in the next two years, 500 of whom will be patrol officers. Although the beleaguered department is in desperate need of reform, will the new officers be trained properly to prevent biases that manifest in excessive uses of force? Or do these hires represent a new batch of a virus strain to be injected into our security forces? Effectively, do not wait to be informed by “active” peers or through passive consumption from skewed social media platforms. As the story of Eric Harris reminds, we live in a country where law enforcement officials can “accidentally” pull out guns to murder unarmed blacks. Black death in the public domain is so commonplace, reactions have become conflated and sensitivities, faded. The current standard of supposed authorities of law remains unacceptable, and although simply repeating an adage won’t change anything, the action it can spark for a movement remains profound. This is a problem—not a black problem. Let this serve as your reminder: black lives still matter. Sabriyya Pate is a Trinity sophomore. Her column, “in formation,” runs on alternate Mondays.


16 | MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 26, 2016

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