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T H E I N D E P E N D E N T D A I LY AT D U K E U N I V E R S I T Y

FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 2017 DUKECHRONICLE.COM

Duke EMS no longer responding to 911 calls By Shayal Vashisth Staff Reporter

After recent changes to Durham County’s emergency medical services system, Duke Emergency Medical Services will no longer be dispatched to 911 calls for the foreseeable future. John Dailey, chief of Duke University Police Department, wrote in an email that DUPD is working to develop a new model, focused on oversight, that will allow Duke EMS to respond on campus. However, emergency medical response is governed by the state of North Carolina, so Duke EMS cannot operate independently. “[Durham County wanted] Duke EMS to operate 24/7/365 and meet local educational requirements, both of which are very challenging with the academic workload of our student volunteers,” Dailey wrote. Despite no longer responding to calls, Duke EMS is still offering CPR and first aid, according to the Duke EMS website. Senior Jeffrey Ord, director of Duke EMS, declined to comment. Kevin Underhill, interim director and chief paramedic of Durham County

These decisions are made locally as each county determines the most appropriate services for their respective county EMS system.

ONE HUNDRED AND THIRTEENTH YEAR, ISSUE 15

CLASS OF 2021 PROFILE

PLANS AT DUKE: STEM VS. NON-STEM Survey finds non-STEM first-years more likely to rush Greek life, tent By Bre Bradham | Local and National News Editor

Likhitha Butchireddygari | Editor-in-Chief

Class of 2021 members interested in STEM majors are less inclined to rush Greek organizations or tent their first year, according a Chronicle survey. This past summer, The Chronicle solicited responses to a survey for members of the Class of 2021. About 16 percent of the class—281 students— responded to the survey. Some of the questions centered on plans that firstyears had for their future at Duke, such as whether they intended to rush Greek life, join a selective living group or tent during their first year. Of the five majors that first-years are “most inclined towards,” three are in STEM fields. Biology is the most popular, with 14.5 percent of students expressing interest, and economics came in close behind with 12.5 percent. These were the only two majors to attract the inclination of more than 10 percent of first-year students. Rounding out the five most popular majors were public policy studies, biomedical engineering and neuroscience. A little more than one percent of surveyed students said they were undecided about their future major, and no students expressed an interest in the Program II track. Those interested in non-STEM majors were more inclined to participate in

Man-Lin Hsiao | Graphic Designer

Greek rush than those interested in STEM majors. Almost 30 percent of non-STEM majors reported that they were “extremely” or “very” interested in Greek life compared to only about 21 percent of STEM majors. However, there was a higher percentage of STEM first-years “moderately interested” in Greek life than non-STEM majors— almost 25 percent compared to about 18

Startup Challenge winner sells ‘ugly produce’ By Sean Cho Contributing Reporter

PRESS ASSISTANT FOR THE NORTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES

See EMS on Page 4

See SURVEY on Page 4

UNIVERSITY

KELLY HAIGHT

EMS, said there should be no difference in call response times, since Durham County EMS has always been dispatched alongside Duke EMS. Durham Fire Department and DUPD will also continue to respond to calls. “Durham EMS has never stopped running calls,” Underhill said. “There’s no lapse in coverage at all.” Kelly Haight, press assistant for the North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services, wrote in an email that county officials overseeing the EMS

percent, respectively. Overall, the subject of affiliation drew mixed responses from the Class of 2021. Although 10 percent of respondents were “extremely interested” in Greek life at Duke, 28 percent said they were not interested at all. About 36 percent responded that they

Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons Ungraded Produce is local startup that distributes atypically shaped or sized produce that is usually rejected by supermarkets.

Trinity alumni Courtney Bell and Anya Ranganathan won the 18th annual Duke Startup Challenge with their year-old startup, Ungraded Produce. The competition, which is hosted by the Fuqua School of Business and the Duke Innovation and Entrepreneurship Initiative, spanned over a course of 11 months. Bell and Ranganathan—both Trinity ‘17—seized victory over seven other startups competing in the final round, the results of which was decided by a panel of seven judges. Not only were they able to take home the $50,000 grand prize, but they also bagged another $1,000 for winning the Audience Choice Award. Ungraded Produce’s core mission is to push for greater food security in neighborhoods and fight against food waste by sourcing ‘ugly produce,’—fruits and vegetables that, due to being atypically sized, shaped or colored, are usually rejected by supermarkets and diverted to landfills. See CHALLENGE on Page 12

ATO brothers raise over $100,000 for late brother

‘Making the judiciary great again’

Since junior Michael Doherty’s death last May, Alpha Tau Omega members have been working to raise money for a endowment fund in his name. PAGE 2

The chief counsel of the conservative political organization Judical Crisis Network and a Law School professor discuss the judicial nomination process. PAGE 3

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2 | FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 2017

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“WE WANTED TO HONOR OUR GUY” ATO members find ‘great closure’ from fundraising in late fraternity brother’s name By Claire Ballentine Towerview Editor

Junior Michael Doherty’s death this summer devastated members of his fraternity Alpha Tau Omega, but they’re finding solace in raising money for an endowment fund to honor their dear friend. Doherty, a student in the Pratt School of Engineering, passed away in May near his home in Franklin, Mass. Shortly afterwards, members of ATO began the Michael Doherty Memorial Endowment Fund to honor his legacy at Duke by creating a permanent, annual scholarship for an undergraduate engineering student. The fund has currently raised almost $110,000, surpassing the original goal of $100,000. “Mike was the best of us, we all loved him so much,” said senior John Clarke, president of ATO. “We tried to think of what the best way to commemorate him would be and decided it would be to continuously give to students who embody the same characteristics Mike did.” Senior Fred Lang, philanthropy chair of ATO, explained that they began by sending out an email to the fraternity encouraging each member to ask 10 friends and family members to donate. In addition to making frequent posts on Facebook, the brothers also contacted ATO alumni and other organizations on campus like the Interfraternity Council and various club sports groups. “It was pretty organic, a lot of people were asking how they could help,” Clarke said. “The outpour from the Duke community was pretty exceptional.” However, the members did not think they would reach their goal so quickly. By the end of July, the fund surpassed $100,000 after having been open since May 25. “We were hell bent on getting it,” Clarke said. “We wanted to honor our guy.”

The fund has received more than 230 individual gifts thus far, including one for $25,000 from David Eklund, an alum whose son was friends with Doherty. Judge Carr, senior associate dean for development and alumni relations who helped coordinate the fund, said the overwhelming support amazed him. “I’ve never seen something mushroom like this in such a short time,” Carr said. “I

was completely taken aback by how quick this happened.” Although the fraternity does not yet know what criteria will be used to select the scholarship recipient, they plan to write letters to the recipients, explaining Doherty’s legacy, Lang said. Carr noted that the scholarship will be need-based. Now, the fraternity is turning its attention to raising money for a bench in

Special to The Chronicle The Michael Doherty Memorial Endowment Fund has raised almost $110,000 and will be used to provide a scholarship to a Pratt undergraduate.

Bill McCarthy | Contributing Photographer

the Duke Gardens honoring Doherty, for which they need to raise $25,000. Clarke explained that Doherty was notorious for napping on a red couch in the ATO common room, frequently sleeping through the racket of brothers coming and going. Members thought that a bench would be a neat way to memorialize him, since they knew he would have loved to take a nap on it. Because of the construction happening on West Campus, they decided to find a shady spot in the Gardens. Lang said he met with the development director at the Duke Gardens, who helped him find a place near a boulder outcropping where passersby can sit in solitude and think. To fundraise for this, ATO is planning to sell t-shirts and host philanthropy events later in the semester, Clarke said. He added that there will also be a commemorative memorial service for Doherty led by Father Michael Martin Oct. 1 in the Duke Chapel that is open to the entire Duke community. Many students who loved Doherty were not able to attend his service in Massachusetts, so this will be a way to remember and honor him, he said. Clarke said he knows their efforts are making Doherty proud and that he has been amazed at how much love there is for Doherty. “It’s well beyond just raising money,” Clarke said. “It’s great to say ‘holy crap we raised this money,’ but we’re more emotional and overwhelmed at the love and respect.” The group effort of raising money in memory of Doherty has also helped the fraternity brothers during this difficult time, Lang explained. “It’s just been really amazing to see how the fraternity has come together on this,” he said. “It’s a great closure. This bad thing happened but at least we have each other.”

Special to The Chronicle

Michael Doherty was found unconscious in late May and was pronounced dead a few days later. A candlelight vigil was held in Franklin, Mass. to support Doherty and his family.


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FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 2017 | 3

LOCAL AND NATIONAL

Conservative expert shares takeaways from Gorsuch confirmation By Selena Qian Contributing Reporter

Politics has become a battleground, with few areas under more scrutiny than the status of presidential judicial appointments. Carrie Severino—Trinity ‘99 and chief counsel and policy director of the Judicial Crisis Network, a conservative political organization—presented her takeaways from the confirmation of Justice Neil Gorsuch to the Supreme Court at a lecture Thursday. The event was sponsored by the Duke Student Chapter of The Federalist Society. Vacancies on the Supreme Court during an election year are quite rare, with the most recent vacancy prior to 2016 taking place in 1988. Because there was little precedent regarding the situation, Severino believed the empty seat had an impact on the outcome of the election by making Supreme Court nominations a bigger issue for many voters. Then, after the election, when the Judicial Crisis Network began to look for supporters from both parties, Severino said they first looked at Democratic senators who would be up for reelection in 2018 in states that voted for President Trump. “From our perspective, we thought, ‘Okay, there are a lot of opportunities here to reach out and get some Democrats on board,’” Severino said. “However, it became very clear early on that that was not going to be the case.” Severino used this case to transition into a larger discussion about the entire nomination and confirmation process. She said the process is riddled with personal attacks, partisanship and other roadblocks that cause concern because they slow down the process. There are currently 144 vacancies on federal courts, and in the eight months since Trump took office, only six appointees have been confirmed. Ernest Young, Alston and Bird professor of law at Duke and another speaker at the event, also said these vacancies are a cause for concern because most of the work is done in the lower courts. Indeed, the Supreme Court typically hears about 80 cases a year, whereas the lower courts hear tens of

Selena Qian | Contributing Photographer Carrie Severino, Trinity ‘99 and policy director of the conservative organization Judicial Crisis Network, said that the judicial nomination process was comprised of partisanship and personal attacks.

thousands. So far, Young said he approved of Trump’s choices of appointees. “I don’t know if President Trump is making America great again,” Young said. “But he is definitely making the judiciary great again.” However, Young said the nomination and confirmation process itself is “nasty” and “deeply traumatizing.” He said this occurs largely as a result of the continued—and growing— polarization of the political sphere. “Political polarization turns ordinary political disagreements and legal disagreements into moral crusades

so that you just have to paint the people on the other side as unacceptable, unethical, bad people,” Young said. “I think that’s really dangerous.” There are those, however, who are able to embrace the idea that people can disagree without needing to personally attack the other party. First-year law student Chris Smith attended the lecture and said that although he disagreed with Severino’s political philosophy, he can still respect her work. “I’m pretty different from her politically—I would say I’m See CONSERVATIVE on Page 4

German Campus Weeks presents: A celebration and examination of the German Federal Elections. We invite you to discuss the transatlantic issues at stake and to participate in our upcoming

Comparing the Electoral Systems of the US and Germany—An Exhibit September Perkins Library, first floor, Student Wall

Voting Booth

Friday, September 22 from 10am – 4pm Perkins Library, first floor, outside of the Von der Heyden Pavilion Come vote for your preferred candidates/party! Results will be announced at the Election Viewing Party.

Election Viewing Party

Sunday, September 24 from 3pm – 5pm Rubenstein Library, Room 153 Join us as we view the election returns from Germany. The party will include an interactive quiz, a campaign poster contest, a mock debate, and drinks and pretzels from Guglhupf!

Consequences of the Election: a Talk by Minister Helga Barth Director of the Political Department of the German Embassy Thursday, September 28 at 5pm (Reception to follow) Rubenstein Library, Room 249 Minister Barth will discuss the election results and the consequences for Germany, Europe, and for the global issues at stake.

Sponsored by the Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany, Washington, DC, and Duke University, Department of Germanic Languages and Literature


The Chronicle

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4 | FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 2017

CONSERVATIVE

SURVEY

pretty progressive,” Smith said. “Obviously, she’s highly intelligent and really experienced, so it was interesting to hear from a different perspective. I didn’t necessarily agree with everything, but certainly she was very wellread, very informed and very smart.” Moving forward, Severino said she hopes that the nomination process moves away from the personal attacks that have characterized much of the recent political sphere. She said she believed that the recent removal of the filibuster for Supreme Court nominations will speed up confirmations, but that other customs, such as the allowance of 30 additional hours for debate, still need reform.

were “very” or “moderately” interested in Greek Life on campus. Interest for selective living groups, however, boasted similar proportions of STEM first-years and non-STEM firstyears. About 25 percent of STEM and non-STEM students surveyed reported being “extremely” or “very” interested in SLGs. Yet more non-STEM first-years were “moderately” interested in SLGs— about 36 percent of non-STEM students compared to a little more than 28 percent of STEM students. In contrast, less than six percent of students were “extremely interested” in selective living groups, and only 17

FROM PAGE 3

FROM PAGE 1

Jack Dolgin | Contributing Photographer President Donald Trump nominated then federal appeals court judge Neil Gorsuch Jan. 31, 2017. Gorsuch was later confirmed in April of this year.

percent said they were not interested at all. Nearly half of the students said they were “very” or “moderately” interested in SLGs. Like East Campus, Krzyzewskiville will be gaining some new occupants with the Class of 2021. Over 15 percent of the class said they “definitely” plan to tent, and an additional 29 percent responded that they probably will, with only three percent answering that they definitely will not. Much of the class is still unsure, as 40 percent of first-years were undecided about whether or not they will participate. First-years interested in non-STEM majors also reported being more interested in tenting their first year than those interested in STEM majors.

EMS

FROM PAGE 1 system plan—the way Durham County oversees Duke EMS—are required to submit modification documents to change the service level of providers. Haight wrote that the North Carolina Office of EMS has not received any such documentation regarding Duke EMS. “These decisions are made locally as each county determines the most appropriate services for their respective county EMS system,” Haight wrote. Just months ago, the University was recognized as a HEARTsafe campus by the National Collegiate Emergency Medical Services Foundation due to the work of Duke EMS.

Chronicle File Photo Durham County Emergency Medical Serivces will now answer 911 calls on Duke’s campus after new county regulations required Duke EMS to run 24/7 for the entire year.

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Sports

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FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 2017 | 5

THE BLUE ZONE

DUKE’S X-FACTOR AGAINST NORTH CAROLINA sports.chronicleblogs.com

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FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 2017

FOR WHOM THE BELL TOLLS

Juan Bermudez | Sports Photography Editor

See FOOTBALL on Page 9

Tar Heels (1-2, 0-1)

Blue Devils (3-0, 0-0) OFFENSE

Two bitter rivals will do battle this weekend as Duke attempts to keep the Victory Bell in Durham for another year. The Blue Devils will look to begin their conference slate on a high note and advance to 4-0 for just the second time since 1994 Saturday when they travel to Chapel Hill to face Tobacco Road rival North Carolina at 3:30 p.m. at Kenan Memorial Stadium. Duke earned its lone conference victory last season in a 28-27 upset win against the then-No. 17 Tar Heels Nov. 10 and has defeated North Carolina in three of the teams’ last five matchups. Opening ACC play this year with the rivalry game—the earliest in the fall the two teams have ever played—will likely give the matchup a slightly different feel than in years past. “I think it is unusual, probably for the players on both teams to have a game that is this big—a rivalry game—with this much intensity,” Blue Devil head coach David Cutcliffe said. “I don’t know how many times Duke or North Carolina has been an opener for either team in conference—this may be the very first time—but it’s a huge opener for us.” In order for the Blue Devils (3-0, 0-0) in the ACC) to maintain their perfect record on the season, they will need to continue to keep their opponents off the ground. Duke will face a

Saturday, Sept. 23, 3:30 p.m. • Kenan Memorial Stadium

DEFENSE

Assistant Blue Zone Editor

daunting Tar Heel ground attack Saturday that rushes for more than 160 yards per contest. But the Blue Devils will counter with the nation’s most effective rush defense that has allowed just 143 total yards through three games. Duke has proven it can contain some of the best running backs in the nation, including one of last year’s top rushers in Northwestern’s Justin Jackson, who the Blue Devils held to just 18 yards on the ground Sept. 9. Thanks in part to its rushing defense, Duke has done an impressive job in limiting third-down conversions by its opponents and getting off the field in a hurry on defense. In the last two weeks, the Blue Devils held Northwestern and Baylor to a combined 2-for-22 on third down. Redshirt senior cornerback Bryon Fields said the ability to limit gains on first and second down by stopping the run has been the key to their success. “Its been huge,” Fields said. “When you can get guys in 3rd-and-10 or even 3rd-and-7, you’re able to do different things defensively—mix it up and send blitzes. That makes it tough on teams. We’ve been able to get pressure on the QB on third down and cover guys up in different ways through zones and man coverages, so it’s been working pretty well so far.” Although the Blue Devils have had success on third down in the past, North Carolina’s ability to

SPECIAL TEAMS

By Michael Model

DUKE vs. NORTH CAROLINA

COACHING

Shaun Wilson and Duke’s offense ready to attack vulnerable Tar Heel defense in Tobacco Road showdown

Both teams have put up gaudy numbers through three games, but a home-field advantage could give the Tar Heels the edge—they scored 66 points the last time Duke visited Chapel Hill. There’s a reason the Blue Devils have the top defensive efficiency in the nation. And North Carolina gave up 705 yards to Louisville just two weeks ago. Duke’s kicking woes have subsided from last season, but Austin Parker has yet to excel as either a placekicker or a punter. The Tar Heels are simply better in all three phases—kicking, punting and returning. For all the success Larry Fedora has enjoyed since taking charge of North Carolina in 2012, he is just 2-3 against the Blue Devils, with David Cutcliffe’s team getting the better of his squad in three close victories.

Key players (2017 stats) Duke

RSo. QB Daniel Jones: 702 passing yards RSr. DT Mike Ramsay: 3.5 TFL, two sacks

UNC RFr. QB Chazz Surratt: Seven total TDs RSr. S Donnie Miles: 21 tackles, one INT

PPG: YPG: RUSH YPG: PASS YPG: PPG DEF: YPG DEF: TO MARGIN: SACKS: FIELD GOALS: PUNT AVG:

DUKE 45.0 497.3 240.7 256.7 14.7 223.0 +4 11 5-6 38.8

UNC 39.3 450.7 162.7 288.0 35.0 496.7 +1 5 2-3 45.6

The breakdown This one has all the makings of a shootout. The Tar Heel offense has not let off the gas all season despite dropping two of three. But the Blue Devil passing attack, led by Jones, will exploit a weak North Carolina secondary, and the Duke defense will get just enough stops to win in Chapel Hill and hold onto the Victory Bell for another year. OUR CALL: Duke wins, 34-28


6 | FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 2017

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WOMEN’S SOCCER

Duke sets program record with ninth straight win By Andrew Donohue Assistant Blue Zone Editor

From the moment the final whistle blew to end their victory against Virginia Tech Saturday, the Blue Devils knew they had the chance to make history with the longest winning streak in program history in their next game. And after a tense first half, Duke settled down, took care of business and cemented its spot in the record books. The No. 4 Blue Devils rolled over No. 18 Notre Dame 3-0 at Alumni Stadium in South Bend, Ind., Thursday night. Duke was tested in the first DUKE 3 half and entered 0 the break without a ND goal, but a miscue by the Fighting Irish defense and a secondhalf goal by senior Imani Dorsey broke the game open. “We didn’t quite have the energy we’ve had most of the year, especially early in

matches,” Duke head coach Robbie Church said. “Second half, we kept stressing energy, energy and we just kept the ball a little better too…. We had much more desire to go forward.” The game started off slowly, with both teams probing the opposing defenses. The Fighting Irish (5-3-2, 1-1-0 in the ACC) had the best chance of the first half in the 26th minute, forcing senior goalkeeper EJ Procter to make a spectacular save to keep the ball out of the net. Junior forward Kayla McCoy was the Blue Devils’ most dangerous player offensively, going close to goal several times but shooting wide. “[EJ] had a really good warmup, and she was really ready to go,” Church said. “She hasn’t had a ton of work all year long because we’re so good defensively in front of her, but she was really ready to go tonight.” Duke (9-1-0, 2-0-0) came out strong in the second half, testing the Notre Dame defense with a cross toward Dorsey that floated a couple inches too high. The

Sanjeev Dasgupta | Sports Photography Editor

Head coach Robbie Church’s team set the record for the program’s longest winning streak in his 17th year in Durham.

Sujal Manohar | Recess Photography Editor

Imani Dorsey created the chance that led to an own goal to open the scoring and then scored her eighth goal of the season to double Duke’s lead. Fighting Irish almost struck immediately afterwards in the 56th minute with several great chances, including one that clattered against the crossbar, but the Blue Devils managed to clear the danger. The breakthrough finally came in the 60th minute. Notre Dame’s defense misplayed a cross from Dorsey, catching goalkeeper Brooke Littman leaning the wrong way as the ball rolled into the net for an own goal. The goal helped settle the Blue Devils, who controlled the game leading up to their second goal in the 74th minute. Dorsey was again the scorer, as she fooled Littman with a magnificent strike from the corner of the box. This continued the senior’s stellar campaign, as she now has a team-high eight goals on the season to lead the team. “She’s definitely having a special year,” Church said. “She continued to work hard and lead us on the field with communication

and running at players.” The final goal came just two minutes later in the 76th minute, when redshirt senior Malinda Allen was the quickest to react to senior Schuyler DeBree’s free kick across the face of the goal and slotted it into the net. Duke’s school-record nine-game winning streak now includes three wins against ranked teams, including a 4-0 demolition of then-No. 3 West Virginia on the road in Morgantown. “I am thrilled that this group has set the record,” Church said. “They have really, really come to play every day. They have played hard, they have trained hard, they are committed on the sidelines, they are unselfish playing on the field. I am really happy this team has set the record. It’s a team record.” The Blue Devils will look to tack on another win to their streak and continue their perfect start to ACC play Sunday when Pittsburgh comes to Durham.

MEN’S BASKETBALL

Seats temporarily gone due to crow’s nest removal By Hank Tucker Sports Editor

Despite renovations to the upper bowl at Cameron Indoor Stadium this year, the official magic number of 9,314 will remain unchanged. The News & Observer’s Steve Wiseman and Jonathan Alexander reported Wednesday morning that Duke is tearing down the old crow’s nest at the top of Cameron due to safety concerns. A temporary platform for broadcasters will be used this season before a new crow’s nest with permanent stairs is completed in 2018. Since the new platform is not suspended from the ceiling, about 40 seats in the top three rows of Section 7 had to be removed for this season. Jon Jackson, Duke’s senior associate director of athletics for external affairs, confirmed Thursday that most of those seats will be reinstalled prior to the 2018-19 season when a new crow’s nest is finished. Although a few seats will not return, the stadium’s listed capacity will not be adjusted. Cameron Indoor Stadium’s interior has remained relatively unchanged since 1987, when

brass railings and student seats were installed to increase the capacity to 9,314. But there have been several slight modifications in the last 30 years, particularly to the graduate student sections behind both baselines, that may have added or subtracted a few seats. Duke athletics administrators and fire marshals have agreed to keep the building’s capacity at 9,314 instead of adjusting it for each modification. The small permanent changes to the upper bowl due to the new crow’s nest will be treated the same way. The new crow’s nest will have to be built in accordance with the current fire code, according to the News & Observer’s story. The old structure only had to follow the code at the time it was built, which caused safety hazards. The only way into the crow’s nest was via portable ladders that were put away when the game started, and Wiseman and Alexander reported that ESPN broadcaster Dick Vitale cut his head once when he leaped up and hit the ceiling. Longtime radio playby-play announcer Bob Harris also said in the story that he slipped from the ladder once and had to be caught by staff supervisors. Despite the dangers, the old crow’s nest

still inspired nostalgia for broadcasters that worked inside. When Harris’ successor, David Shumate, was asked about climbing up there at his introductory press conference in June, his eyes lit up.

“That’s part of the lore is being up there in the crow’s nest,” Shumate said. “I don’t think you’d want to do it any other way.” But Shumate will have to wait a year to get a similar experience at every game.

Neal Vaidya | Staff Photographer

Duke tore down the crow’s nest at Cameron Indoor Stadium this summer and will use a temporary platform this season that will displace about 40 fans in Section 7.


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FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 2017 | 7

WOMEN’S TENNIS

Harris, McCarthy advance in Oracle ITA Masters By Jason Atwood Contributing Reporter

The Blue Devil women had an impressive opening weekend at the Duke James Bonk Invitational, but head coach Jamie Ashworth isn’t satisfied yet and is looking for his top players to build upon their promising start. After opening the season close to home, No. 54 Samantha Harris and No. 57 Kaitlyn McCarthy only had three days of rest before flying cross-country to participate in the 2017 Oracle International Tennis Assocation Masters, a four-day tournament that began Thursday. The tournament, with matches being played at both the Malibu Raquet Club and Pepperdine University in Malibu, Calif., features a strong

Juan Bermudez | Sports Photography Editor

Junior Kaitlyn McCarthy has won 25 singles matches in a row.

field from top programs like North Carolina, UCLA and Ohio State. “We have to be tougher in points,” Ashworth said. “If our opponent is going to be five balls tough, we have to be six balls tough. And on the flip side, we have to do a better job of taking advantage of the first opportunity to end a point.... Two ends of the spectrum, but we’re definitely working on both of those things.” Beyond toughness, Ashworth also cited service return as an area his team needs to improve on. “The biggest thing of the weekend that we needed to work on was serve returns,” Ashworth said. “We are giving away a lot of free points by not putting the first ball in play. McCarthy, a junior, is coming off an excellent starting weekend, as she won all three of her singles matches and went 3-0 in doubles alongside classmate Ellyse Hamlin. Her weekend was capped by a come-from-behind victory against Florida’s 93rd-ranked Brooke Austin culminating in a third-set tiebreaker. With the perfect weekend and an easy 6-1, 6-0 victory against Northern Kentucky’s Margita Sunjic in Thursday’s Round of 32 in California, the Cary native has now won her last 25 singles matches after finishing last season on a 21-match win streak. Harris also started strong Thursday with a comfortable 6-3, 6-2 victory against Jackson State’s Tyler Smith. The senior went 2-1 in singles last weekend in Cary, headlined by a victory against the Tar Heels’ Maggie Kane in the consolation finals. Harris, a former All-ACC first-teamer, played the majority of last season

Juan Bermudez | Sports Photography Editor

Samantha Harris is the No. 3 seed this weekend on the West Coast and advanced in both singles and mixed doubles Thursday. in the No. 1 singles position and was ranked as high as No. 49. In a draw that features 18 players ranked in the top 125, that experience against top-level competition could prove invaluable. “For us to be able to have representation is a great thing for them, but also great for our program and for other girls down the road who strive to be a part of it,” Ashworth said. “It’s a great opportunity for both of them and hopefully they both build on what they did last weekend.” Harris, the No. 3 seed in singles, will face 14th-seeded Anna Sanford of Ohio State in Friday’s Round of 16. McCarthy, the No. 4 seed, will face Jessica Livianu out of St. John’s. Both are also participating in mixed doubles, with Harris playing alongside Baylor’s Johanner

Schretter and McCarthy partnering with Southern California’s Tanner Smith. Each team won its first two matches Thursday to advance to the quarterfinals. The two teams are on opposite sides of the bracket, so McCarthy and Harris would not face each other until the championship in either singles or mixed doubles. “One thing we are talking about a lot is having a purpose with every ball that we hit in practice— not just going through the motions, but getting better every time,” Ashworth said. “Whether we are out there for one hour or three hours, we need to hit every ball with a purpose, have a reason for each drill and we can’t just go through the motions. And if we can do that, the results on the court will take care of themselves.”

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8 | FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 2017

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VOLLEYBALL

Blue Devils prepare to open ACC slate at home By Riley Pfaff Staff Writer

Duke’s four-game winning streak may have been snapped last week, but the Blue Devils nevertheless enter the beginning of ACC play riding high after wrapping up a successful nonconference slate. Duke will take on Wake Wake Forest Friday at Forest 6:30 p.m. in Cameron vs. Indoor Stadium in its Duke first conference game of the year before FRIDAY, 6:30 p.m. playing host to Georgia Cameron Indoor Stadium Tech at 1 p.m. Sunday. Georgia The Blue Devils have won four of their Tech last five matches, but vs. suffered a disappointing Duke loss at home to Loyola Marymount in their last SUNDAY, 1 p.m. game of nonconference Cameron Indoor Stadium play. “[These games are] different because we’re going into conference competition. They’re like turning the page to the next part of our season,” Duke head coach Jolene Nagel said. “I’m excited about our team. They work together well, [and] they’re

going to be prepared.” As the Blue Devils (8-3) hope to get off to another hot start in conference play after eight of their first nine ACC games in 2016, one of the bright spots that has emerged early is the play of freshman outside hitter Payton Schwantz. The Frisco, Texas, native already has an ACC Freshman of the Week honor on her resume after helping lead Duke to the Fight in the Fort tournament title two weeks ago. Since then, her performance has continued to impress, as she leads the team in kills. “[I’m] really excited with the start [Schwantz] has had for us and our team,” Nagel said. “She’s working hard every day trying to understand what we’re trying to do, but also what she needs to do. She’s doing a great job and she’s meant a lot. She’s been very consistent, and very effective, and that’s really exciting to see out of a first-year player.” Schwantz and the rest of the Blue Devils will have their hands full offensively against the Demon Deacons (8-4), who average 2.73 blocks per set. The team is anchored on this front by junior middle blocker Katie Moore, who leads the team with 50 blocks already this season. Duke’s own block and defensive game will also be key in the two weekend games, particularly against the Yellow Jackets, who

Sanjeev Dasgupta | Sports Photography Editor

Outside hitter Payton Schwantz has immediately taken on a starring role as a freshman, leading the team in kills. boast the ACC leader in kills this season with 154 in Gabriela Stavnetchei. “We need to continue to have the discipline that I’ve seen at times, but not 100 percent of the time, on our block and defense,” Nagel said. “[That] will really make a big difference for us as we go into this match.”

One of the keys for the Blue Devils as they move into conference play will be setting the tone early and maintaining consistency. In matches in which Duke has won the first set, it is 6-1—when the Blue Devils give up the See VOLLEYBALL on Page 9

MEN’S SOCCER

Duke travels to face another ranked conference foe By Liz Finny Staff Writer

Henry Haggart | Contributing Photographer

Senior Carter Manley and the Blue Devil defense will need to do a better job of preventing and defending dangerous set pieces to pick up a signature win at Syracuse.

Duke dodged a bullet at home Tuesday with a dramatic win, and it will now get a chance at its first victory against a ranked opponent. After overcoming a 2-0 deficit to beat Wisconsin 4-3, the Blue Devils will take on No. 11 Syracuse away at SU Soccer Stadium at 7 p.m. Duke Friday. Although the vs. No. 11 Blue Devils and the Orange are both ACC Cuse competitors, they only FRIDAY, 7 p.m. play each other once SU Soccer Stadium every two years in the Syracuse, N.Y. current rotation. Duke has lost all three times it has faced Syracuse since the Orange joined the ACC, including a defeat in the 2014 ACC quarterfinals. “They’re a formidable opponent and they’ve

had a great history and a great coach,” Blue Devil head coach John Kerr said. “Hopefully, we’ll be ready for them on Friday.” Duke (5-1-1, 1-1-0 in the ACC) looks to shut down the Syracuse offense and limit its corner-kick opportunities, a feat easier said than done against a team that has earned 53 corners this season. Defending set pieces has the Blue Devils’ Achilles’ heel this season— four of the five goals Duke has allowed in its last two games have come off corners, with the other coming on a free kick. “It was disappointing that we let another corner-kick goal in, and all three of [Wisconsin’s] goals were set pieces,” Kerr said. “So it definitely is an issue, and we’re trying to address it.” Although the Blue Devil defense had an unimpressive night against the Badgers, See M. SOCCER on Page 9

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FOOTBALL FROM PAGE 5 attack from all fronts provides an interesting test for Duke. Redshirt freshman quarterback Chazz Surratt has been hard to stop through his first three games. The former Blue Devil commit has completed 69.7 percent of his passes and has yet to be picked off in his college career. The Tar Heels (1-2, 0-1) also have to\he ability to dominate on the ground, led by running backs Jordon Brown and Michael Carter, who have each gained more than five yards per carry this season. Thanks to consistency in both phases of the offense, North Carolina has averaged 39 points through its first three contests. The Blue Devils will counter the Tar Heels with a prolific offense of their own. In addition to early success from quarterback Daniel Jones—who has already posted two 300-yard passing performances

this season—Duke has also been outstanding on the ground. Running backs Shaun Wilson and Brittain Brown have plowed through opposing defenses and led a rushing attack that has averaged more than 240 yards per contest. The Blue Devils have also had success on the ground against the Tar Heels in recent years. Duke has surpassed 225 rushing yards in the teams’ last two meetings and will rely on the strength of its offensive line in order to power through North Carolina’s defense once again Saturday, wearing down a Tar Heel squad that has four players out for the game with injuries and nine more out for the season. “In the past, we’ve run the ball really well against them,” offensive lineman Zack Harmon said. “We believe that we have some good schemes this week that will open that up, and we have to rely on each other on the offensive front to open up those holes and just out-physical them.”

FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 2017 | 9

M.SOCCER

VOLLEYBALL

FROM PAGE 8

FROM PAGE 8

Duke’s offense picked up the slack, with first set, they are just 2-2. Against Georgia senior midfielder Cameron Moseley Tech (5-6), which has been outscored by a scoring two second-half goals to lead the combined 59 points in the first two sets of its team to a victory. matches, Duke’s tendency to get ahead early The Blue Devil offense has proven to be a could prove decisive. force to be reckoned with in the run of play In addition, Duke’s matches thus far this season, with 2.4 goals per game and 120 have largely fallen into two categories: total shots on goal through the first month straight-set 3-0 wins for either team, or fiveof the year. set marathons in favor of the Blue Devils. “We have an ability to score from all Although Duke has been relatively even different angles,” Kerr said. “We’ve got wide in the first four sets this season, the fifth players, underneath players, center forwards, set has been one area the Blue Devils have midfielders, all that can score. We’re always dominated, going 4-0 and outscoring their capable of scoring, so the trick is, can you opponents by a combined score of 65-42 to reduce the number of goals let in?” close out close games. Although Duke has its best record through “I’m excited about how they respond seven games during Kerr’s 10-year career in when they’re not successful so far,” Nagel Durham, its recent defensive struggles could said. “They’re not happy about [not] be costly against Syracuse (4-2-2, 0-1-1) and being as strong as they know they are in a the rest of the ACC, which has seven of the top competition, and they respond really well by 11 teams in the country. getting better, and so that’s a really positive The Orange, led by top goal-scorer thing. I like how they react to that and how Jonathan Hagman, have lost two straight they respond.” games against No. 10 Louisville and Cornell at As Duke looks ahead to conference play, home, only scoring once in those defeats. But there are certainly areas for improvement. they will challenge Duke with their physicality The serving game in particular has struggled as long as they can defend under control— at times—the Blue Devils had just one ace Syracuse has been given 13 yellow cards and against Loyola Marymount and committed three red cards this season. nine service errors. Although the team is “Syracuse is very physical, so it won’t averaging more aces per set than a season be that drastic of a change for us from ago, the service game remains a focus as ACC [Tuesday] to Friday,” Kerr said. “We’re going play picks up. to be well-versed in the physicality part of “Our serve can be a huge [advantage]. It’s the game.” the first attack that you can have in a match,” With both teams looking to rebound Nagel said. “We want to go out there on the from shaky weeks with something to prove, aggressive side of things, so certainly that’s Friday night’s game is primed to be a hard- where that comes into play. A team can make The New York Times Syndication Sales Corporation fought battle. a lot of things happen from their serve, so 620 Eighth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10018 that’s the mentality that we want to have as For Information Call: 1-800-972-3550 Hank Tucker contributed reporting. we move forward.” For Thursday, September 21, 2017 ForRelease Release Friday, September 22, 2017

Juan Bermudez | Sports Photography Editor

The Blue Devils will attempt to take advantage of a vulnerable North Carolina secondary that has given up 35.0 points per game.

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The Chronicle Places we’d like to send Carolina: A Craven dorm:���������������������������������������������������������������������������������� likhithabanana The library:��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� hankthetank Madagascar:����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� happyrock Next to the black mold on Central Campus: �������������������������������������������likeaVIRgin The NIT: ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������kenricklamar Student Advertising Manager: ������������������������������������������������������������Megan Bowen Student Marketing Manager: ���������������������������������������������������������������������Lizzy Pott Account Representatives: ������������������������������Brittany Amano, Griffin Carter, TJ Cole, Paul Dickinson, Jack Forlines, Matt Gendell, Francis L’Esperance, Jack Lubin, Gabriela Martinez-Moure, Jake Melnick, Lauren Pederson, Brendan Quinlan, Levi Rhoades, Rebecca Ross, Jake Schulman, Matt Zychowski Creative Services: �������������������������������������������������������������������������������� Myla Swallow Student Business Manager ���������������������������������������������������������������������� Dylan Riley

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T H E I N D E P E N D E N T D A I LY AT D U K E U N I V E R S I T Y

The Chronicle

10 | FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 2017

Material world, material career?

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s the frenzy of fall job recruiting grips campus, throngs of suit-clad, portfolio-armed Duke students have become a familiar sight. Behind the scenes, students spend hours perfecting resumes, polishing interview answers and diligently networking with company employees. The targets of these allconsuming efforts are coveted job opportunities with a handful of elite firms—predominantly within the consulting and finance industries—that recruit extensively at Duke every year. The intense affinity for finance and consulting jobs among Duke students has become something of an enduring professional trend on campus; in 2015, 7.7 percent of the graduating class went into consulting and 13.6 percent went into finance. The high number of Duke students going into consulting and finance can be explained by a number of different factors. For students across the socioeconomic spectrum, the pressure to achieve upward mobility and yield high returns on their families’ investments in a costly Duke education may weigh heavily in their postgraduation career choices. Consulting and finance are also marketed as “challenging” environments for smart, analytical thinkers—qualities that many Duke students clearly possess. Moreover, the most selective firms usually handpick only a few out of hundreds of applicants across only a limited number of so called

“It’s often hard to reconcile the tension amid the social, political and economic processes... that have brought the neighborhood to this point, but you remind us that it is our responsibility to ask tough questions and demand accountability if our goal is a just and equitable future.” —Brandon Hudson (T ‘06 and Div ‘13) responding to “Making connections,” published on September 18th

LETTERS POLICY The Chronicle welcomes submissions in the form of letters to the editor or guest columns. Submissions must include the author’s name, signature, department or class, and for purposes of identification, phone number and local address. Letters should not exceed 325 words; contact the editorial department for information regarding guest columns. The Chronicle will not publish anonymous or form letters or letters that are promotional in nature. The Chronicle reserves the right to edit letters and guest columns for length, clarity and style and the right to withhold letters based on the discretion of the editorial page editor.

“target schools.” In many ways, they mirror the same type of highly elite, rigorous milieus Duke students are naturally drawn towards. The perceptions of peers and the examples set by upperclassman mentors can serve as an additional motivator. Undoubtedly, entry-level jobs in consulting and finance also come with intrinsic benefits, providing opportunities for growth and exploration and serving as launch pads into other careers.

Editorial Board However, other pressures can lead students to make hasty or under-informed decisions to pursue consulting or finance without fully considering other options or where their genuine interests lie. As recruiting schedules are pushed increasingly earlier into the school year, juniors, many of whom have declared their majors only months earlier, are swept up into a flurry of consulting and finance recruiting events within days of settling back onto campus. Without sufficient time to fully develop their academic and professional interests, students may see consulting and finance as the safest “default” options. Another unfortunate reason that students pursue these careers at such disproportionate rates is simply the “availability

heuristic”—consulting and finance are the most visible career options on campus, and the costs and inconvenience of gathering information about lesserknown careers are too high. Elite firms can invest enormous amounts of resources into maintaining high profiles and wooing students, from flying out their employees for on-campus outreach events to renting glitzy venues like the Washington Duke Inn. In contrast, start-ups, public sector and nonprofit companies may lack the resources to dominate the job recruitment market. Given this skewed information environment, Duke should make an effort to compensate for the disparities in accessing information concerning different career paths. The Career Center can hold information sessions during the spring to expose students to alternative career paths like graduate school, public and social sector work, and lesser-known opportunities in the commercial sector, before the onset of the hectic fall recruiting season. The Embark program is one example of a potential remedy, providing robust resources to help students navigate opportunities and network to find career paths in policy related areas. Programs like these can expand students’ awareness of the full realm of opportunities and possibilities beyond Duke, and facilitate better-informed decision-making in mapping their passions to fulfilling career paths.

‘Oreo’: A harmful title

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LIKHITHA BUTCHIREDDYGARI, Editor HANK TUCKER, Sports Editor KENRICK CAI, News Editor SAM TURKEN, Managing Editor VIR PATEL, Senior Editor ADAM BEYER, Digital Strategy Team Director IAN JAFFE, Photography Editor JACKSON PRINCE, Editorial Page Editor ALAN KO, Editorial Board Chair SYDNEY ROBERTS, Editorial Board Chair CHRISSY BECK, General Manager ISABELLE DOAN, University News Department Head JOYCE ER, University News Department Head BRE BRADHAM, Local & National News Head NATHAN LUZUM, Health & Science News Head SHAGUN VASHISTH, Health & Science News Head JIM LIU, News Photography Editor WILL ATKINSON, Recess Editor NINA WILDER, Recess Managing Editor SUJAL MANOHAR, Recess Photography Editor SANJEEV DASGUPTA, Sports Photography Editor MITCHELL GLADSTONE, Sports Managing Editor LEAH ABRAMS, Editorial Page Managing Editor CARLY STERN, Editorial Page Managing Editor NEAL VAIDYA, Audio Editor JAMIE COHEN, Social Media Editor JEREMY CHEN, Graphic Design Editor CLAIRE BALLENTINE, Towerview Editor JUAN BERMUDEZ, Online Photography Editor NEELESH MOORTHY, Towerview Editor NEELESH MOORTHY, Investigations Editor ABIGAIL XIE, Investigations Editor CAROLYN CHANG, Towerview Photography Editor CAROLINE BROCKETT, Recruitment Chair CLAIRE BALLENTINE, Recruitment Chair SHAGUN VASHISTH, Recruitment Chair SARAH KERMAN, Senior News Reporter KAT BERKO, Senior News Reporter SAMANTHA NEAL, Senior News Reporter LEXI KADIS, Senior News Reporter MEGAN HAVEN, Advertising Director JULIE MOORE, Creative Director The Chronicle is published by the Duke Student Publishing Company, Inc., a non-profit corporation independent of Duke University. The opinions expressed in this newspaper are not necessarily those of Duke University, its students, faculty, staff, administration or trustees. Unsigned editorials represent the majority view of the editorial board. Columns, letters and cartoons represent the views of the authors. To reach the Editorial Office at 301 Flowers Building, call 684-2663 or fax 684-4696. To reach the Business Office at 1517 Hull Avenue call 684-3811. To reach the Advertising Office at 2022 Campus Drive call 684-3811. One copy per person; additional copies may be purchased for .25 at The Chronicle Business office at the address above. @ 2017 Duke Student Publishing Company

Y

ou’re not really black. You act white. You’re white on the inside.” I’ve heard this hundreds of times, and though it’s construed as a compliment, this kind of thinking is counterproductive to the society we aim to form, one where we judge people for who they are and not according to racial stereotypes.

Victoria Priester ON THE RUN FROM MEDIOCRITY “Compliments” that liken a person of another race to the “standard” white culture only reinforce broad generalizations that people of other races who “act white” are actively trying to defy. When someone says you “act white”, what they’re really saying is you aren’t like the damaging and demeaning stereotypes of black people, hispanic people, Asians, etc. that they see portrayed in the media. Compared to the black people they know of, you speak well. You aren’t loud. You respect authority. But instead of changing their perception of black people based on the black person they actually know—you—they instead decide that you’re the exception to the rule, not the rule itself. Growing up, we had a term at my school for black people that “acted white”: they were referred to as “oreos.” But the vast majority of my black friends at school–and most likely the only black friends that students who used the term “oreo” had–were not like the stereotypes of black people in the media. Why did they choose to minimize their real experiences with black people and continue to favor broader stereotypes that they saw no real basis for? Stereotypes about black Americans go all the way back to minstrel shows in the 1830’s, when a white performer named Thomas Rice used burnt cork to paint his face black, and played the role of the slave Jim Crow to entertain white audiences. Stereotypes began to prevail in white society based on these shows, where characters spoke in imitation “plantation talk.” Characters called piccaninnies had scraggly hair and ate huge pieces of watermelon with their large mouths and disproportionately-sized red lips. Later on, when black males who wanted to act were allowed to perform in shows, they were limited to stereotypical roles that the shows’ producers thought would fit white audience expectations and draw crowds. Two centuries later, this trap by entertainment producers to only cast black people in stereotypical roles for comedy or otherwise is still in practice. Some argue that casting blacks in stereotypical roles is a step forward from no representation at all, but if the whole point of more representation in the media

is to dispel prevalent stereotypes, then casting black people in stereotypical roles defeats the purpose. My least favorite stereotype is the “sassy black woman.” This stereotype isn’t completely damaging on the surface—the “sassy black woman” isn’t afraid to express her opinions, she’s confident, and she knows how to put people in their place. This stereotype started at the intersection of the feminist movement and the Civil Rights Movement, where black women became more visible parts of American society with groups campaigning for rights of both African Americans and women. Black female TV characters who took “no nonsense” from their children and made smart-alecky comments in the workplace became the expected “norm”. This unidimensional representation of black women became a favorite in blaxploitation films, a genre of movies prevalent in the 1970’s and 80’s that promoted generalized stereotypes about black people, and it’s continued into wellknown characters like Rochelle from Everybody Hates Chris and Raven from the Disney Channel show That’s So Raven. Even Taylor McKessie from High School Musical, who was extremely smart, part of the scientific decathlon team, and student body president, still had an element of sass that is distinct from Sharpay’s upper-class snobbiness. It seems that to have diversity in television shows and movies, the black women must feature added stereotypical character traits to further distinguish them as “black.” The main problem with stereotypes like the “sassy black woman” is that they compromise the individuality of black women, so when we or anyone else who is part of a group generalized by the media acts outside of this stereotype, it’s surprising to people who have never known a black person as an individual. I’m not shaming people who don’t have close relationships with black people or other minorities, because I’m a firm believer in being friends foremost with people who you connect with and who bring out the best parts of you. But, allow me to be the first to give you a crash course: we’re not all sassy. We’re not all good at basketball (I was once jokingly called a “disappointment to my race” for not having any basketball skills). You shouldn’t be able to “sound like a black woman,” because our voices aren’t all the same. The sooner we look past the standards for people offered by stereotypes and consider them as their own person, the sooner we can start offering meaningful compliments.

Victoria Priester is a Trinity first-year. Her column, “on the run from mediocrity,” runs on alternate Fridays.


The Chronicle

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America’s bias towards extroverts

merica likes to champion the diversity of its citizens and their freedom. Children are taught in classrooms whose walls bear posters with slogans like “Be Yourself,” and the internet is dotted with inspirational quotes promoting individuality and respect for self-identity. Despite this positive encouragement, America remains biased against a certain type of person.

Camille Wilder FEATURED COLUMNIST These people are by nature reluctant to speak out against their discrimination and push for altered social standards that would accept them. These people are estimated to comprise one third to half of the U.S. population— however unlikely that may seem. These people are called introverts. Introverts are individuals who prefer solitude to socializing in large groups of people. They are “recharged” by being alone and feel drained after prolonged periods of social activity. A common misconception is that introverts are unable to socialize or suffer from Social Anxiety Disorder, a psychological condition in which social situations cause a person extreme worry and discomfort. On the contrary, introverts are well equipped to converse and engage in social gatherings, though they still require a measure of seclusion. The other end of the spectrum is occupied by extroverts, or people who seek social activity and feel energized by being around people—similarly to how introverts feel about solitude. In addition, there are people who occupy the middle space called ambiverts and share characteristics of both extroverts and introverts. Susan Cain, author of Quiet: The Power of Introverts in a World That Can’t Stop Talking, brought attention to this issue in her book and popular TED Talk. Historically, the qualities of introverts were highly valued in an age when propriety and moral standards were the status quo. However, in the 1950s, a new breed of ideal American was born—the smiling salesman, ready with a witty line and a winning ability to charm anyone simply through conversation. Schools such as Dale Carnegie’s institution arose to teach people the important skill of public speaking. America converted to a society that prized extroverted, outgoing individuals over their reticent counterparts. This bias remains today, and America still regards this lively stereotype as exemplary. There is a stigma against “loners” and an air of admiration surrounding highly social people. These ideas have infiltrated workplaces and schools, which adopted the idea that creativity springs from

a group setting and collaboration is the sole source of innovation. Teachers believe the ideal student verbally participates and works well with others, whereas those who prefer to complete tasks alone are singled out and even described as problem cases. Due to this bias, introverts often feel pressured to be more social than they are comfortable with and act against their nature to fit in. According to a study done by the Georgia Institute of Technology, introverts, on average, perform better in school than extroverts, effectively negating the bias. Leadership—an increasingly emphasized need for businesses and the job industry—calls for a stereotypical extrovert, though introverts prove to be equally successful. A study at the Wharton School found that introverts provide better outcomes when overseeing proactive employees because they do not get in the way of work, while an extrovert may unconsciously impede progress by being overbearing. Mahatma Gandhi, Rosa Parks, and Eleanor Roosevelt were all introverts that demonstrated leadership skills in the public limelight. Many Asian countries value their taciturn citizens as highly as those who are gregarious and display a success on par with America’s. Introverts are very capable.The belief that quiet individuals who like to work independently and with little stimulation are less powerful than an outgoing leader simply bears no validity. I grew up with teachers telling me that I was intelligent but that I needed to participate more, and alongside classmates who scorned my aversion to the kind of boisterous shouting in which they engaged. I was ashamed that I was unable to fill the expectation for constant socialization. Like many introverts, I carried around the idea that something was wrong with me because I liked being alone. I know now that there was nothing wrong with me, but what concerns me is that there are other children growing up now who would rather read a book than go to a birthday party—and are embarrassed because of it. America’s extroverted bias disadvantages our society, and the mentality surrounding this issue must be shifted in order to allow introverts actualize their full potential as members of it. The American bias against introverts and preference for extroverts needs to end, not only because it is unfounded but also because it excludes a key part of the population that can offer a useful skillset. A preference for solitude is not something that should be looked down upon, and a lack of exuberance does not lessen the success of a student or worker. Introverts deserve to be viewed as equally valuable as extroverts;anything less is detrimental to American society. Camille Wilder is a Trinity first-year. Her column runs on alternate Thursdays.

On the brink of apocalypse

Cartoon by Daniela Flamini, a Trinity junior.

FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 2017 | 11

The harder right

O

n testing day, cramped lecture halls too often smell like desperation and the sweatpants you wore to Perkins the night before. Nothing exacerbates pre-test panic like the clusters of nervously overconfident students all around you. In a perfect world, students could be trusted to take tests online where they feel most comfortable. While at Duke, a student might stumble into the very rare, but totally real, class that hosts its closed-note tests online, allowing students to work when and where they feel most comfortable. Such tests can reduce anxiety, save paper, and even automatize part of the grading process—but they also allow for easy cheating. When a professor assigns a take-home quiz or problem set and tells students not to collaborate, murmurs dot the classroom as students plan otherwise. With nothing holding them

Duke Honor Council FEATURED COLUMNIST accountable, too many students will take advantage of any opportunity to “get ahead.” Today’s column isn’t about specific testing procedures or policies, but rather about recognizing and overcoming the challenges we face when trying to do the right thing. Most students consider cheating to be a moral wrong. If asked, most Duke students consider cheating immoral, yet according to the March 2012 report on “Integrity in Undergraduate Life at Duke University,” 43% of our student body engages in some form of academic dishonesty,” usually unauthorized collaboration. When some students cheat, others feel they must do so too in order to compete with or to appease friends. Students need moral courage to bring their actions in line with their beliefs. Apathy for academic integrity has a ripple effect. We know that what we’re asking of students isn’t easy. Honor Council firmly advocates taking the higher ground, even when it means taking a lower grade, but we feel for you. Asking you to choose “the harder right instead of the easier wrong,” puts us in the uncomfortable—but necessary—position of encouraging students to let less ethically-minded peers take advantage of them. Cheaters put everyone else in a tougher position. When several students plan to collaborate, the remaining students must either accept the disadvantage and lower grade or sacrifice their moral principles. Social pressures and basic compassion can discourage even the most honorable students from “acting when the [community] standard is compromised.” We can all empathize with a stressed student feeling desperate, and everyone wants to help a friend. Unfortunately, simple requests for guidance can quickly turn into copying and unauthorized collaboration. Being academically honest is hard, but doing the right thing often means sacrificing personal gain. In principle, the personal consequences of the “right” choice shouldn’t affect one’s decision. If we only obey the laws of morality when they align with personal interest, morality is meaningless. If cheating is wrong, it’s always wrong. Maybe your friends are doing it, but if they jumped off a bridge, would you jump too? To be meaningful, morality must be distinct from self-interest. But why should morality be meaningful? Why live the ethical life? Plato’s Republic discusses the “Ring of Gyges,” a secret, mystical ring that makes the wearer invisible. Gyges, his king’s most loyal servant, eventually comes in possession of the ring and loses all accountability. While wearing the ring, Gyges can do as he pleases without facing any consequences. With this power, Gyges secretly kills the king and marries the queen. Freed from the trappings of his conscience and inundated with power, Gyges has escaped punishment and fulfilled his dreams through unethical means. Why shouldn’t we do the same as Gyges, cheat on a take-home quiz, or steal an unattended laptop? For millennia, philosophers, religious leaders, and politicians have sought to answer variations of this question. The classmates who cheer beside us at basketball games, squeeze-in so we can fit on the C1, and support us as midterms approach are the same people we hurt when we cheat. Duke is first and foremost a university, and its community is academic. Undermining the academic integrity at Duke is an affront against Duke itself. While competition for the best internships and med schools imply otherwise, education is ultimately a collaborative effort, and we need to work as a team. We can help teammates practice, but we can’t hold their hands as they shoot, nor can we do classmates’ work for them. We wouldn’t steal the ball from a teammate and we shouldn’t cheat to outperform our classmates. Academic dishonesty hurts the entire team. Community responsibility is a critical component of the Duke Community Standard, but it isn’t the only reason that academic integrity is important. With our programming, discussions, and speakers this year, Honor Council will help students explore different dimensions of and justifications for honor and moral courage. We encourage students to explore the roots of their sense of responsibility, whether it be religious doctrine, philosophical treatises, parental lessons, cultural norms, or a strong gut-feeling. The intricacies of honor and integrity are complex. We’re here to explore them with you. We won’t “fix” honor at Duke, but we do aim to inspire productive conversations. Duke students are generally good people, but we all have bad inclinations, so we’re here to empower your conscience. With ethical talks and discussions led by top professors, we’ll take the angel on your shoulder to the weight room. We’ll give him the strength to keep the devil on your other shoulder at bay. Guest speakers like White House Ethics Lawyers and Olympic athletes will give Jiminy Cricket a microphone. When you take the road less traveled, hopefully you’ll feel proud wearing an Honor Council t-shirt. It’s not easy to determine what is right, and it might be even harder to act accordingly, but Honor Council is here to support you. Duke Honor Council’s column runs on alternate Thursdays.


12 | FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 2017

The Chronicle

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CHALLENGE

The journey to the top was by no means an easy one, Bell said, noting the barriers to entry she and her partner faced in getting started. They currently make sales close to “When we originally came up with $7,000 a month, serving about 270 this idea to create a storefront in one of customers in the Raleigh region—a rapid Durham’s food insecure neighborhoods increase from their customer base of 15 that sold ugly produce, people told before the two graduated. us it was a horrible idea for a lot of “It was a huge shock,” Bell said, reasons,” Bell said. “We’ve had our own describing their victory. “It was my first doubts. Produce is a very liquid market. time really ever pitching or speaking It’s seasonal, it’s perishable so it’s just in public, so my goal was just to not naturally harder to work with, but we’ve embarrass myself. You don’t hear about a managed to stick to the idea.” produce company winning these types of Ungraded Produce’s founding story, competitions very much, so it was really which Ranganathan dubbed “A Tale cool that the judges were able to recognize of Two Cities—Durham and Detroit,” that we had potential despite not being a was one of chance. Their sophomore high-tech or medical company.” summer, the unlikely duo were interning Ranganathan wrote in an email that in Durham and Detroit when they she shared Bell’s sentiments, adding that noticed how food insecurity impacted she appreciated how the judges recognized their local communities. their focus on social impact. Through her work with the Durham Office of the Mayor, Ranganathan encountered survey data that suggested a demand for The next time you’re at the more affordable and high-quality produce grocery store, I encourage options at Durham groceries. “After studying supply chains, I learned you to not pass over the that massive amounts of produce go to lopsided apple in the pile! waste due to cosmetic imperfections, and thought that rescuing high quality, nonANYA RANGANATHAN commercially salable produce could be a way CO-FOUNDER OF UNGRADED to lower prices,” she wrote. “I reached out to PRODUCE AND TRINITY ‘17 Courtney with the idea and we developed the business model for Ungraded—a produce “It was one of those moments that was delivery service with an unconventional so deeply gratifying and humbling all at sourcing model.” once,” Ranganathan wrote. “When the Howie Rhee, managing director for premise of your company pushes back student and alumni relations at Duke on societal norms—what ‘good produce’ Innovation and Entrepreneurship, praised should look like—it’s an amazing feeling the team for their win. to know that people understand the “I remember when Courtney was first importance of the cause.” getting started in August 2016. We connected FROM PAGE 1

Courtesy of Duke Photography Founded in 1999, the Duke Startup Challenge awards $50,000 and other prizes to promising startups led by Duke students.

her with some people and suggested she start to sign up some customers,” he wrote in an email. “And within only a few weeks, she had farms on board and was making deliveries in Durham. Her ability to ‘make things happen’ is a great strength. It’s no surprise that, only a year later, she has made so much progress.” Rhee also commented on the competitiveness of this year’s Duke Startup Challenge. “Courtney’s pitch was very good, though all of the pitches were good. The judges had a difficult time selecting a winner, but they thought Courtney’s mission, along with her progress and commitment, stood out,” Rhee wrote. Now that they have won the Duke Startup Challenge, the co-founders plan to use their hard-earned check to enhance their workflow and grow their team.

“Winning the competition allows people to take us seriously. We’ve been around for a year now and have grown a lot since we’ve started,” Bell said. “As for the money, we’d like to use it on eCommerce software to help with streamlining our logistics, hiring additional employees to help with packaging and deliveries and eventually some capital such as refrigerated produce trucks.” In the meantime, as Ungraded Produce continues to expand throughout the Triangle Area, Ranganathan noted that she hopes that their startup will help people make better choices toward food consumption “to reduce a significant amount of waste.” “The next time you’re at the grocery store, I encourage you to not pass over the lopsided apple in the pile!” Ranganathan wrote.

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