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By Preetha Ramachandran Contributing Reporter

No, Sue Bird has not read fan-fiction about herself and Megan Rapinoe. However, she has won three WNBA championships, four Olympic Gold medals and two NCAA championships, and she was voted by fans as one of the WNBA’s Top 15 Players of All Time. Bird’s Q&A at Duke, moderated by Kyra Lambert—point guard for Duke women’s basketball and graduate student at the Fuqua School of Business—focused on inclusion, equality and diversity in sports. Bird also discussed how she’s used her success to further the conversation about each of the topics. Without hesitation, Bird defined the story of her career as a tale of adversity. As a queer female athlete, Bird has had to mentally navigate sexist anti-gay rhetoric while physically navigating several sports injuries, including a torn ACL her first year and several subsequent hip and leg surgeries. She made it clear that expecting life to be easy, especially as an athlete, is not realistic. “I can kind of look back and even make the argument that it’s what fueled me and motivated me, and I probably did better when I had people doubting me,” Bird said. “I just live my life.” The conversation then shifted to advocacy and activism. Bird recognized that her success has opened doors for her to spark change. She works as a basketball operations associate for the Denver Nuggets—a role for which women have not been historically considered—and “makes sure [her] voice is heard.” When asked to envision the future of sports


Sue Bird speaks on sports equality

Kira Upin | Contributing Photographer Sue Bird was a basketball superstar, having won three WNBA championships, four Olympic Gold medals and two NCAA championships.

with regard to gender and pay equity, Bird said the future looks bright. She emphasized that taking the initiative to hire and empower women is deeply important, calling on men to champion for equality in the same capacity as women. “But I think everything is trending in the right direction,” Bird said. “Across the board, I


2020 5-star prospect commits By Derek Saul Sports Editor

The talent for Duke keeps on coming. Five-star guard D.J. Steward announced his commitment in a video posted to his Twitter account Wednesday afternoon to join the Blue Devil 2020 recruiting class. The Whitney Young High School product is the third five-star recruit in the Class of 2020 to commit to come to Durham, joining forward Jalen Johnson and guard Jeremy Roach. “I love this game of basketball, the competition, the camaraderie of being on a team, and more than anything, I’m obsessed with winning,” Steward said in the announcement video. “When I factor all of these things, there’s one university above all that checks each of these boxes. I am honored, humbled and overjoyed to become a member of The Brotherhood and play for Coach K and the Duke Blue Devils.” The Chicago native is known for his ability to score and smooth stroke from outside, averaging 24.1 points on a .406 threepoint percentage over 11 games on the 2019 Nike EYBL circuit. Steward comes from the same high school as Jahlil Okafor, who led the Blue Devils to a national championship in 2015, earning ACC Player of the Year honors before being drafted in the first round of the NBA Draft by the Philadelphia 76ers.

think people aren’t quiet anymore.” Bird questioned the notion that student athletes, and athletes in general, should not speak up politically. “Look at your teams, they’re usually, like, melting pots of people,” she said. Bird spent 10 years playing overseas in Russia, interacting with people completely

different from herself. She stressed that this exposure to different backgrounds does, in fact, qualify athletes to speak up even more. There was no shortage of advice for the next generation of female athletes. Bird honed in on the point that trying to be someone See BIRD on Page 4

Combatting damage from binge drinking By Lara Hansen Contributing Reporter

Isabella Wang Contributing Reporter

For most college students, binge drinking is a familiar concept. During the week, students focus on our studies, but once Friday evening hits, the shots keep coming. Researchers discovered 25 years ago that a single dose of alcohol affects teens differently than it affects adults, according to Harry Schwartzwelder, professor in psychiatry and behavioral sciences. Recently, Schwartzwelder led a team of researchers to find out exactly how teens’ brains are damaged by repeated exposure to alcohol during this crucial developmental time. His team tested whether a drug called Donepezil, primarily used to treat Alzheimer’s, could give clues as to how alcohol acts on the brains of adolescent male rats. “Donepezil reversed not just one or two of the negative effects of alcohol, but almost all of them,” Schwartzwelder said. Intermittent binge drinking attacks a part of the brain called the hippocampus and kills neurons, which damages the ability to learn and memorize. “At a cellular level, adolescent alcohol exposure is changing the brain long-term, and not for the better,” Schwartzwelder said. The rats used in the study consumed alcohol intermittently during adolescence, modeling the behavior of typical college students. They showed signs of increased cell death and

inhibited neural growth. Subsequently, the rats were given Donepezil in adulthood. The results were unforeseen—not only did the drug spur the growth of new neurons, but it also significantly decreased high neural inflammation. The new data serves as proof that the adolescent brain is more vulnerable than the adult brain, and more prone to permanent damage caused by alcohol. Around the world, this research was recognized as a significant advancement. Schwartzwelder said they received lots of enthusiasm from other scientists because their work identified the effects of alcohol on the teenage brain and the potential for reversal with Donepezil. “The fact that we can reverse this damage with a drug in common clinical use provides hope for therapeutic treatment if someone does this kind of damage,” he said. However, the study’s main purpose was to investigate how exactly Donepezil reverses the effects of alcohol and decreases the inflammatory markers in the brain, which provided his team with notable insights into the mechanisms of alcohol within the brain. Donepezil is a powerful drug that is, for a reason, only used for older people experiencing cognitive decline. “It’s not like taking an aspirin,” Schwartzwelder said. The next step will be to look at the long-term effects of the same type of intermittent alcohol exposure in adulthood. Schwartzwelder is confident that this research See DRINKING on Page 4

A brief history of gerrymandering

Men’s soccer falls to SMU

The legacy of Fannie Lou Hamer

A Wake County Court’s Sept. 3 ruling is merely the latest in a long line of controversies. PAGE 3

Blue Devils suffer second consecutive home loss to a ranked team after losing to Virginia. PAGE 12

Columnist Gino Nuzzolillo writes that Hamer shaped how we understand democracy in the South. PAGE 15

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Duke researcher plans to fix the Bible’s naming discrepancy By Lexi Kadis Senior Editor

Elizabeth Schrader was a singer-songwriter for 12 years until she wrote a song about Mary Magdalene—the Jewish woman who witnessed Jesus Christ’s crucifixion, burial and resurrection— that inspired her to change careers. Schrader, Ph.D. candidate of early Christianity in the religious studies department, has made waves with her research on Mary Magdalene and the Gospel of John. This summer, she visited Germany to discuss her research with the editors of the Nestle-Aland Greek edition of the New Testament, the critical edition of the Greek text that is the “industry standard” for biblical scholarship, she said. The editors will take her work into consideration as they prepare for the 29th edition. “I wrote this song about Mary Magdalene, and it caused me to want to look at the oldest copy of the Gospel of John to see if there was anything strange around Mary Magdalene’s figure,” Schrader said. “I was a layperson. I was a musician. But I was curious if I might find anything.” After obtaining an online translated transcription of Papyrus 66, the oldest copy of the Gospel of John, Schrader discovered that the name Mary had been crossed out twice. The first time “Mary” was changed to say “Martha,” and the second time “Mary” was replaced with “the sisters.” “It looked to my untrained eye that they were adding a character to the story,” she said. This discovery led Schrader to pursue a master’s degree at the General Theological Seminary of the Episcopal Church, where she continued her research on the Gospel of John and learned ancient Greek along the way. For her master’s thesis, she examined over 100 manuscripts, finding “dozens of

manuscripts with problems around Martha.” Based on her research, Schrader concluded that Martha likely does not belong in the Gospel of John. “You have to cobble it together from various manuscripts, but you can see a different version of the Lazarus story with Martha completely not there,” she said. Schrader argued that Martha was taken from the Gospel of Luke and superimposed onto the Gospel of John so that Mary Magdalene’s original role was minimized. “Once you take Martha from the Gospel of Luke, and you stick her in the Gospel of John, then Lazarus’s sister Mary isn’t Mary Magdalene anymore. Now’s she a different Mary. She’s Martha’s sister Mary from a different gospel from a different author,” Schrader said. Mary Magdalene was a controversial figure, she explained. Early Christian scribes objected to “Mary and her authority.” To downplay her role, they introduced Martha so that “Mary” no longer meant “Mary Magdalene.” This textual change “dilutes” the role of Mary Magdalene and “takes her authority away,” Schrader said. Schrader submitted her master’s thesis to the Harvard Theological Review, and it was published in July 2017. After its publication, she sent a printed copy of her article to Holger Strutwolf, head editor of the Nestle-Aland New Testament. A year later, Schrader met Strutwolf at a biblical scholar conference where she presented as a part of a panel on textual criticism. “When Holger Strutwolf came up to me, my jaw dropped,” Schrader said. “He was like, ‘I really liked your presentation today and I got your article that you sent me. Have you found anything else?’” This chance encounter laid the groundwork for Schrader’s July 2019 meeting with the

The Duke Community Service Center invites the Duke community to the Volunteer Fair! More than 50 community organizations and student groups participate every year and can use your skills and energy in the Durham community.

Courtesy of Megan Medenhall Elizabeth Schrader wants the biblical scholarship community to properly recognize Mary Magdalene’s role.

editors of the Nestle-Aland New Testament in Münster, Germany. She was already going to be in Germany this summer to learn German for her doctorate. Consequently, the editors invited her to meet with them to discuss her research on Martha. During the meeting, Schrader highlighted the “obvious and egregious change” in Papyrus 66 where Mary’s name is replaced with “the sisters,” which she said effectively means “a woman has been split in two.” Although other scholars have made note of these changes in Papyrus 66, Schrader emphasized that she was the first to conduct

an extensive study of these replacements across many manuscripts. The lack of previous research on the subject is likely due to the fact that biblical scholarship is a field dominated by men, she said. Schrader encouraged women and people of color to learn ancient Greek and study the New Testament in order to diversify the field and bring more perspectives to it. “We need women to look at these manuscripts because you cannot have an entire discipline, especially the discipline that determines what the text of the Bible is, to all be men,” she said.


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What you need to know about history of NC gerrymandering By Chris Kuo Contributing Reporter

A Wake County court ruled Sept. 3 that North Carolina’s state legislative maps displayed an unconstitutional form of partisan gerrymandering, ordering the state legislature to redraw maps by Sept. 18. However, the decision is only one part of a larger story—nine years of targeted political manipulation by Republican lawmakers bent on maximizing their electoral gains. “The Republican alignment of districts starting after the 2010 census is pretty well considered to be the most aggressive or egregious example of Republican gerrymandering in the nation,” said Mac McCorkle, professor of the practice of public policy. According to McCorkle, partisan gerrymandering involves a “manipulation of electoral district boundaries in a way that unfairly advantages the [political] party in power.” Opposing parties have long recognized gerrymandering as an acceptable form of political control, embracing Andrew Jackson’s shrewd maxim: “To the winners go the spoils.” Before the technological sophistication of the 21stst century, McCorkle explained, legislatures involved in gerrymandering would draw districts in an attempt to maximize voting support. But the accuracy of their efforts remained as unreliable as the limited technology they employed. In recent years, lawmakers have capitalized on technological innovations to carve out districts with much more precision, creating absurdly shaped districts that have little connection to the actual geography and demographics of the state. McCorkle explained that Republican

Jeremy Chen | Staff Graphics Designer

gerrymandering intensified in 2010 when Republicans won a majority in the North Carolina state legislature. Before that election, Democrats had also engaged in gerrymandering. When Republicans gained control of the legislature, however, they both took gerrymandering to the extreme and weaponized it against African Americans and other minority voters. By employing precise technology to pack Democrats into three districts, they gained enough support to obtain and retain supermajorities in the legislature. The extreme nature of Republican gerrymandering and the manipulation of precise technology led to questions of racial discrimination and of equal protection regarding voter rights, McCorkle explained. “[The Republicans] kind of took the democratic approach and put it on steroids,” McCorkle said. “Finally, the public revulsion at

what the Republicans did in [North Carolina] has kind of caught up with them.” Republican lawmakers claimed that race played no role in their manipulation of electoral districts. But, McCorkle argued “the [race] issue is right below the surface because the most loyal part of the Democratic base is African [American] and minority voters.” McCorkle was also careful to point out that the redrawn political map will not necessarily result in overwhelmingly Democratic representation in the state legislature. Gerrymandering can dampen political competition and accentuate election results, but it rarely brings to power an otherwise unpopular party. After all, Republicans won in 2010 despite prior Democratic gerrymandering, indicating that the party held significant support among North Carolina voters. “Democrats who say the only reason we’re

not in control … is gerrymandering, that goes too far,” McCorkle said. The most likely result is a more competitive political landscape and a deepening of the “purple” nature of North Carolina politics, a mixture of Democrats and Republicans representing North Carolina at the state and national level, he said. The court’s recent decision to force Republicans to redistrict could also have a “domino effect,” McCorkle added. Other states with Democratic majorities in the courts could see this decision as an encouragement to make similar rulings in other states, altering political dynamics across the country. Gerrymandering itself may become an endangered tool of politics, he asserted. “Given the distrust and suspicion of everybody in the government, gerrymandering has now become an evil,” McCorkle said.

Jason Locasale: Fighting cancer with complexity and collaboration A Q&A with the prominent cancer researcher By Sibani Ram Contributing Reporter

The Chronicle sat down with Jason Locasale, associate professor of pharmacology and cancer biology, to explore the evolution of the path that made him one of the most sought-out cancer researchers in the world. He discussed what brought him to Duke and his research here with the Locasale Lab on metabolism in cancer. This interview has been edited for length and clarity. The Chronicle: What inspired you to work at the intersection of food science and cancer? Was there a movie moment that makes you wake up every day and go at this mission? Jason Locasale: So, it’s a long story. I was always interested in science—astronomy and planets. I considered majoring in English. At the root of it, I was always interested in how things worked, why things worked. This eventually led to a chemistry major and a Ph.D in chemistry. A lot of the human body could be understood from the kind of chemistry I was interested in. Soon, I also recognized my fascination with biology. I wanted an area where I could apply chemistry to biology, so I eventually did my dissertation on signal transduction—how cells sense hormones and use the presence of those hormones to fuel processes in cells. But all along, I knew there was something else I wanted. I wanted to take these intellectual curiosities and use them to impact people to have a larger societal effect. As I became more exposed to biomedical research, I found the perfect intersection of these passions during my postdoctoral fellowship. I worked in a cancer hospital that was conducting research about how cancers were metabolizing sugar.

It was the perfect storm of all the things I the ‘failures.’ was interested in, in terms of chemistry and I was one of the first people, if not the first, cutting-edge oncology research. to bring in a lot of chemistry technologies TC: Your geographic journey is quite the to study metabolism in cancer. But when I ping pong ball—Rutgers, Harvard and now was starting out, I was kind of an “outsider.” Duke. What brought you to Duke? Nowadays, such practice is commonplace, but JL: When I came here, I was very interested it was my proud moment. in biomedical research, but I also liked TC: Siddhartha Mukherjee said in his TED academics. I like interacting with, mentoring Talk that we’ll soon “cure diseases with a cell and nurturing students. I really liked that rather than a pill.” Does this apply to the work Duke was a place where they had their medical you’re doing? school right on JL: Mukherjee is the campus. You only need to have one major referring to certain You mentioned discovery—even at the expense of kinds of cellular Harvard, for therapies. Basically, instance. At getting one thing right and twenty he was talking Harvard, the things wrong. You need a lot of about situations undergrads are where you can separated from endurance and need to adapt to engineer cells in the medical adversity. the immune system school. When and then transplant I was working jason locasale them back into at Harvard, it It’s a ASSISTANT PROFESSOR OF PHARMACOLOGY patients. was more like interesting AND CANCER BIOLOGY really working at a concept for all hospital. I enjoy kinds of reasons— student-professor types of interaction, and I the science, the therapeutic implications, could get a lot more of that at Duke. implementation, policy. However, we’re still TC: Describe the proudest moment in your figuring out its effectiveness. research with the Locasale Lab at Duke. We, at Locasale Lab, have been really JL: I think I’ll preface by saying that, interested in the concept of how cancers have within research, my highs are not as high and very different nutritional requirements to grow, my lows are not as low. It’s something where divide and proliferate. And there are ways in I try to keep a more tempered experience. which we can develop some drugs that can block If you’re going to fail nineteen times and the processing of the nutrients in tumor growth, succeed one time, it might be too mentally but we are still talking about pills here. While taxing on your psyche to be downtrodden so it seems like this might not be very relevant to much. It’s like everything is perfect for this cellular therapies, it actually is. one aha-moment and then you are back to With cancer, there is not going to be once

specific therapy or orthogonal approach. Approaches such as cellular therapy and the drug have to interact with each other. Our research focuses on how nutrition and metabolism could enhance this interaction. TC: Do you think of cancer research as an endurance sport—why or why not? JL: In a lot of ways, yes. Research is tough. I tell students when they’re first starting research: In the classroom, you are exposed to information and you are asked to synthesize it—take in some information, internalize it and put it out in the form of an exam. You’re expected to get it almost right. Research is almost completely turned around. Most of the time when you’re working on something, you won’t understand what you’re working on or why you’re working on it. There are a few instances here and there when things seem to come together, when you think you have achieved something. You have to get used to failure. You have to get used to things not working out the way you’d expect. With all this being said, you also have to understand that you only need to have one major discovery—even at the expense of getting one thing right and twenty things wrong. You need a lot of endurance and need to adapt to adversity. While the goals and expectations of professional athletes versus researchers are a little different, there are a lot of common features. A lot of is having deep-rooted desire or drive to achieve something. When some of these athletes are injured with a torn ACL, there’s no immediate positive reinforcement. We got a lot of that in research.

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How can North Carolina and Durham fight the opioid epidemic? By Rose Wong Local and National News Editor

Abby Kingsley Staff Reporter

Durham County has been more affected by the role of legal pain pills in the prescription opioid epidemic than its neighboring counties, according to data from the Drug Enforcement Administration. The DEA maintains a database that tracks the path of every pain pill in the United States from manufacturing to distribution to retail. Between 2006 and 2012, Durham County received 50,832,899 oxycodone and hydrocodone pills, or 28 pills per person per year. Nearly 60% of the pills were manufactured by SpecGx LLC, and 45% were distributed by Cardinal Health. These two companies also constituted the biggest opioid pill manufacturers and distributors for the state overall. Kerr Drug in Durham obtained 3,388,120 pills, more than any

other pharmacy in the county. The Washington Post gained access to recently published data from 2006 to 2012 through a court order, and analyzed the amount of oxycodone and hydrocodone shipped to every county and state, in addition to the companies and distributors that were responsible. The Washington Post only looked at the data relating to oxycodone and hydrocodone, which make up three-quarters of all opioid pill shipments to pharmacies. Professor of Anesthesiology Padma Gulur, director of pain management strategy and opioid surveillance in the Duke University Health System, is leading a team to analyze the North Carolina-specific data released by the DEA. She said that pain pill shipments to Durham County are lower than the national average of 35 pills per person per year, but “definitely on the higher end.” Gulur called North Carolina “the underbelly of the opioid belt,” which spans from Webster County, W. Va., to Monroe County, Ky. The most affected areas include Fayetteville, Wilmington and cities in western North Carolina, which saw 50% more pain pill



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you’re not only hinders the team. “You need to figure out who you are and be the best you,” Bird said. She also spoke to the benefit of being a part of sports in general, whether or not that leads to professional success. “All of the lessons I’ve learned growing up, whether in elementary intramural sports, high school sports, the friends I made, how do I be on a team and be a good teammate,” she said. “All of those things translate through life.” Looking forward, Bird wants to play in the next WNBA season and the Olympics, recognizing that life could render either of these impossible. Overall, the 38-year-old Bird expressed a genuine excitement to experience what life has in store for her. “I’m like 105 in basketball years,” she said. “I’m looking forward to being young again.”


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shipments than the eastern part of the state, Gulur said. The data shows that Cherokee County, the westernmost North Carolina county, received enough pills for every person to have 76 pills per year, more than double the national average. “I have [studied] five different states at this point and I can tell you this correlation almost always holds,” Gulur said. “The more pills prescribed, the more prescription overdose deaths in that area.” Durham County experienced nearly 2,000 opioid overdose related deaths in 2016 alone, according to the North Carolina Injury and Violence Prevention Branch. In July, the county sued more than 20 drug manufacturers and wholesale distributors, accusing the defendants of aggressively marketing highly dangerous opioids and falsely convincing doctors that people who use the drug rarely become addicted. Wendy Jacobs, presiding commissioner of the Durham County Board of Commissioners, told ABC11 that opioid addiction creates a tremendous financial burden on individuals and the county, both in dollars and productivity. “There are people who miss work, there’s an impact on children,” Jacobs said. “When we are having to put resources towards issues like medication and substance misuse it is taking away funding from other places.” Gulur and other researchers are using data modeling to look at “biopsychosocial” patient risk factors that may contribute to the opioid epidemic. These factors should be underscored when considering public policy and resource allocation, Gulur added. “There should be a harm index, where we can actually see the areas of risks and the areas actually in crisis,” she said. “And then allow for federal and state resources to be directed in those directions primarily.” In June, Gov. Roy Cooper announced a new plan to combat the opioid epidemic, called the Opioid Action Plan 2.0. The first Opioid Action Plan released in 2017 has decreased opioid dispensing by 24% and increased opioid use disorder treatment among the uninsured and Medicaid beneficiaries by 20%, according to a report published by the state. Objectives of the updated plan include identifying and educating doctors who prescribe large amounts of opioids, expanding syringe exchange programs and increasing access to treatment through an alternative payment model and lowthreshold guidelines to addiction treatment drugs. “The numbers show progress, but it’s the stories that paint a picture,” Cooper said at the 2019 Opioid Misuse and Overdose Prevention Summit. “Behind those numbers are lives saved, families kept whole. But we haven’t won yet, far from it. We have not yet stopped this disease in our state.”

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will substantiate the evidence that it is safer for adults to drink, while adolescents are more vulnerable. He does not imply that having a drink now and then will destroy everyone’s brain. “People have been drinking alcohol in their college years for a long time, and we don’t have a society of people with significant cognitive decline,” he explained. However, he seeks to raise awareness for taking more caution. “What if it’s changing it by five percent? A five percent decline can make a huge difference,” Schwartzwelder said. “Alcohol is a poison. It damages everything it touches. Some effects, in particular, small changes in brain function, can be unnoticeable in the short-term. Being careful of how much you’re drinking will make you do better in the long-run.”

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VOLUME 115, ISSUE 11 | SEPTEMBER 19, 2019

keep it cool Art of Cool Festival brings music to Durham, page 7

one mean burger Eastcut Sandwich Shop serves up more than subs, page 9

media-ville returns Fall Career Fair table connects students with arts professionals, page 8


Who should be our next president? Nina Wilder ...........bern baby bern

Kerry Rork ......... biden’s dentures

Will Atkinson ..........................jeb!

Sydny Long ......... anyone but jack

Miranda Gershoni .... tierra whack

Jack Rubenstein ........... sweet tea

Sarah Derris ................... marianne

Selena Qian ....................a frisbee

Alizeh Sheikh ..............#yanggang

Eva Hong ..........................macron

On the cover: Elizabeth Matheson, Pinecrest, 2004

staff note I arrived in New York a full week and a half before starting my new job. Just enough time to orient myself to my new landscape — a landscape much harsher than I had anticipated. The very first time I visited the city was just scarcely six months prior. It rained a fine mist on that first occasion in New York, and the grey clouds veiled the city with a sort of pleasurable melancholy — not the kind that leaves behind a dreadful ache, but rather a loneliness that is content and contemplative, perhaps a bit romantic. It was exhilarating to roam through a place so vast and unfamiliar with people I enjoyed. I was at a point when learning and growing were thrilling rather than unbearable. But I hadn’t totally romanticized the city. In those three days, I knew that, with enough time, living in New York could be burdensome. Without direction or support, I could sense that my spirit might be easily broken.

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It also rained on my first day back; this time, the water washed away the vision of the city I had once held. It was difficult to place exactly what had changed about the city since my last visit. Things felt a lot more real, and the mystical veil that had once shrouded the city had been withdrawn. Of course, the city is always changing, and perhaps when I visit again, it likely will no longer be the city I once knew. In my first few weeks, I experienced a melancholy was of the “dreadful aching” variety. Solitude became my new language, the way I navigated through the world. Living everyday was, then, about survival: how will I meet my basic needs when my resources are low, and how do I keep the hopelessness at bay? At first, the isolation was strange and upsetting. It never quite ceased to be so, but I have since learned to find great comfort in solitude. On living in the city, I gleaned advice from strangers, co-workers and acquaintances, but ultimately, I knew that no one could look out for me, save for myself. While in the city, I established rituals, sacred habits, to help myself survive and evolve.

Amid the constant movement and distraction, I set aside time each day for inward contemplation. I had never really been comfortable spending too much time with myself. There were aspects of myself I had yet to confront. Who was I, actually? How much of myself is really me? To make some sense of these questions, I put my thoughts, encounters and experiences on paper and in art. I often asked myself if I was happy in New York, and of course, I had a great deal of happy moments, but it’s hard to feel true happiness with constant self-interrogation. Every morning, I swiped my MetroCard, boarded the C train and made my way into the city. The subway, arguably where I spent most of my time in New York, is the space where I first developed a deep appreciation for the quotidian — the small details and daily practices that would otherwise go unnoticed. The routine movement in itself helped establish some order in my uprootedness. Although I did have a place to stay in the city, I was, effectively, an intruder. But to know my daily route and to have mastered the city’s primary mode of transportation was, for me, a great triumph. By the end of the workday, I was covered in grime; the city’s very substance imbued my clothes, my skin, my hair. Although I felt weighed down by the salty, sticky residue, to be coated meant I survived another day, and I felt fortified and resilient. It was a goal of mine to read as much as possible this summer, and the subway’s stationary movement and enforced solitude, even among the throngs of people, created the most favorable circumstances. I dedicated my commutes to leafing through a number of volumes. For nearly two years, I struggled through Sylvia Plath’s “The Bell Jar,” but managed to finish the whole thing in just three days’ worth of round trips. Once I finished one book, I would make a trip to my favorite bookstore for something new — among my favorites, Qiu Miaojin’s “Notes of a Crocodile,” Kathy Acker’s “New York City in 1979” and Kate Zambreno’s “Screen Tests.” So, I would read en route to my most sacred localities. Although I lived in Brooklyn, I frequented the Lower East Side because of its proximity to work and my subway line. On any given day, I could be

found somewhere along Essex Street, in Seward Park or at the Metrograph. Without fail, the skaters would be conglomerated outside of Dimes, and the spotted bodega cat near Sammy’s would be slinking past a display of peaches. When I felt particularly deracinated, I would immerse myself in the Lower East Side’s grounding and familiar geography. Friday marked the beginning of my weekend. Those weekends were dedicated to artistic enrichment: film, the medium through which I best understand myself, and art, which allows me to face inward. In the morning, before setting off, I placed my breakfast order at the bodega down the block — a ritual I found great comfort in. Eventually, I would scarcely walk through the door before being confronted by the young man behind the counter. “Everything bagel, egg, swiss, avocado?” “Yes, thank you.” “Iced coffee today?” “Yes please.” For almost three months I was greeted with warmth and they knew my order by heart; I was a regular. The day I placed my last order, I never said goodbye — it never felt appropriate. What could I have said? I didn’t actually know these people. I often wonder whether they noticed that I had never returned, if they thought anything of it. I have scoffed at the notion of going to New York to “find yourself,” but I think, after all, I made a decision to go to find some sort of truth — truth about myself, the world, love, solitude and reality. In some ways, I did find those things: self-reliance, maturity, independence and patience. I know myself better now — my physical strengths and weaknesses, my values, what I want, what I need and even the very worst parts of myself. For a long time, I’ve wandered through life without any clear sense of self, but I left with at least some knowledge of who I am. If I had been there for longer and expanded my rituals, who knows what revelations I may have had, but I know that my own development will continue outside the confines — and possibilities — of the city. My rituals here, although perhaps less sacred, allow me to persist and to survive, just as they did in New York. —Sarah Derris


DUKE FALL CAREER FAIR Wednesday, Sept. 25 | 10 a.m.-3 p.m. Wilson Gym

For fair map, employer information, and resources to prepare, go here:

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local arts

Art of Cool Festival returns to Durham with Ari Lennox, Run-DMC and more By Tessa Delgo Contributing Writer

The concept of “cool” is notoriously elusive, but one local festival has spent the better part of the last decade perfecting it. Now in its sixth year, The Art of Cool Festival will be held throughout downtown Durham from Sept. 27 to 29, with Jill Scott, Ari Lennox and Run-DMC headlining at the Durham Bulls Athletic Park and featured performances at local music venues, such as Durham’s Motorco Music Hall. “It’s a festival that’s about music and community,” said Sulaiman Mausi, co-founder and president of The DOME Group, the production company behind the festival. “We do a lot of work with the community, whether they buy a ticket or not.” Sulaiman Mausi and his wife Lesleigh Mausi, who serves as cofounder and vice president of The DOME Group, were approached two years ago by the previous coordinators about taking over the festival, after years of attending as participants. “It just felt right,” Sulaiman Mausi said. “We’re really blessed to be a part of the festival and its growth.” Since taking over, the pair has largely focused on expanding the festival’s benefit to the local Durham community. This year, the festival will feature programming such as a college fair, merchandise and food, local small-business vendors, spoken word performances from local poets and a talk on mental health from the renowned academic and author Michael Eric Dyson. “All the time, [people ask], ‘Hey, can you bring Art of Cool to Charlotte? Can you bring Art of Cool to Virginia?’” Lesleigh Mausi said. “We’re trying to change [that] mindset. We are wanting to make Durham a destination.” This year’s festival, the second under The DOME Group’s leadership, will feature a larger array of Durham restaurateurs, merchants and musicians than any of Art of Cool’s previous iterations.

“It’s a festival that’s about music and community.” sulaiman mausi


“We’re proud that we’ve been able to purchase [the Art of Cool Festival] and keep it in Durham,” Lesleigh Mausi said. “It wasn’t acquired and then moved to another city. We’ve been able to keep it Durham-bred, and that ... adds to the Durham love that people feel in the air when they [come]. We employ other small businesses and partner with small, minority-run non-profits to pull this together.” Some of the festival’s local collaborators, like Motorco, have been with Art of Cool since its inception. “Any time there’s something arts-related ... that someone’s trying to do for the community, everybody pulls for it,” Motorco’s talent buyer Glenn Boothe said. “I think for Motorco, our involvement was initially whatever we could do to support it, we would. [Now, the festival is] more of an established entity, whereas before it was an idea that may or may not work. But it has worked, and I think that’s been great for the Durham community.” According to Boothe, the Art of Cool Festival “brings artists to the [Raleigh-Durham] market that don’t usually visit Durham.” The festival largely showcases up-and-coming neo-soul, R&B, jazz and hip-hop artists. “[The Art of Cool Festival] has tapped into a genre of music — and thus an audience — that we don’t serve as much as we’d like to,” Boothe said. “Because we do Art of Cool, I think it helps make our schedule throughout the rest of the year more diverse. Some of [the acts that play at Motorco during Art of Cool] come back to the area and after some of their booking agents had them play here during the festival, they think ‘Oh, that’s a cool venue, we need to use it again.’” The 2018 Art of Cool Festival, the first under the DOME Group’s leadership, had over three million dollars’ worth of impact on the city of Durham. “[In the past decade], the Raleigh-Durham market has developed as one of the leading [music] markets in the country,” Sulaiman Mausi said. “People are excited about coming to the area. Everybody’s ready for Art of Cool. Everybody’s ready for Durham.” For more information on Art of Cool 2019, including the full lineup and ticket information, visit http://www.

Courtesy of Art of Cool Now in its sixth year, The Art of Cool Festival will be held throughout downtown Durham from Sept. 27 to 29.

8 | THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 19, 2019 recess

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campus arts

How to sell yourself in five minutes: A guide to this year’s Media-Ville By Elizabeth Butcher Contributing Writer

Durham might seem far removed from the cultural metropolises of New York and Los Angeles, where companies like HBO and NBCUniversal are headquartered, but recruiters from leading media companies such as these will be available to connect with students at Duke’s annual Media-Ville. Students interested in careers in the creative industries can stop by the Media-Ville table at Duke’s Fall Career Fair, which will be held Sept. 25 in Wilson Gym from noon to 2 p.m. What students can expect At the Media-Ville table, students will be able to sign up for five-minute Skype sessions with representatives from HBO, NBCUniversal, United Talent Agency and Discovery, Inc. Business casual dress is recommended and students are encouraged to be thoughtful about how to approach their brief conversations. Senior and prior Media-Ville participant Helen Healey advised that students come prepared to answer the prompt “tell me about yourself,” as recruiters may grant students complete autonomy to guide their conversations. “I really researched the companies and tried to get a better understanding of what specifically they did,” Healey said. “I wanted to make sure that the person I was talking to was getting to know me in the five minutes I had and that I had specific questions on hand.” Healey has been passionate about photography and the arts since high school. She started taking visual media studies courses as soon as she got to Duke, before she even knew she wanted to commit to the major. Yet she didn’t really understand what careers were available in the entertainment industry, and speaking to recruiters at some of her favorite companies helped her get a better sense of what opportunities are out there. “When I saw that VICE was coming to

Media-Ville last fall, I was so intimidated,” Healey said. “I thought I wasn’t cool enough to work for them, but I remember telling the recruiter my story. She told me that I sounded like such a good fit for VICE and I was so shocked. I’ve really struggled with trying to figure out what career path to explore and it was so reassuring to hear that from a recruiter.” At the time of her Media-Ville experience last September, Healey was preparing to spend a semester in Los Angeles as part of the Duke in L.A. program. She also spoke to an NBCUniversal representative and she mentioned that the two are still in contact, a fact that she finds comforting as she looks towards graduating in May. “Even though I didn’t end up getting any [internships] from the conversations I had, it was a nice — especially before L.A. — to build a network of people that I could email,” Healey said. “Some of them I did end up staying in touch with and, who knows, something might come out of it.” Audrey Howard, Trinity ‘19, also spoke to the NBCUniversal representative, as well as to several other companies, and voiced that her conversations were very casual and light, which helped her feel more comfortable asking “the real questions.” “Never ask a question that can be answered online,” Howard said. “I was mostly interested in entertainment law, so I asked what kind of role entertainment law played at each of the companies I spoke to, and every answer was different. I wanted to know what the culture was among lawyers at each company, what their main tasks were, what their teams looked like — the types of answers I could only find out from someone who works at the company.” Although Howard shared that she did not go into Media-Ville specifically looking for a job, she thinks that the conversations she had may serve as an important “stepping stone” to reaching out to the same companies again, now equipped with a deeper understanding of the

Courtesy of Amy Unell At the Media-Ville table, students participate in short Skype calls with arts industry professionals.

Courtesy of DEMAN Duke’s Fall Career Fair will feature Media-Ville, a fast-paced way to survey arts career options.

companies that she spoke to. Audrey graduated last year with a degree in Global Cultural Studies and is now pursuing a masters in management studies at The Fuqua School of Business. For some students, conversations at MediaVille can lead to real career opportunities. Doug Cohen, Trinity ‘18, participated for the first time during his sophomore year. He Skyped with the head of PR at Tandem Sports, a sports and entertainment agency in Washington, D.C. After keeping in contact throughout the year, Doug was able to secure a summer internship at Tandem. Considering the volume of students that recruiters from these companies engage with each day, he expressed the importance of standing out and following up, as well as the efficacy of a simple thank-you email. It is admittedly difficult to make a lasting impression in a mere five-minute window, so Cohen advised that students focus on their unique interests. “For me, I was always interested in sports, so whenever I talked to entertainment companies I talked about what they did in the sports world and how that interested me,” Cohen said. He also mentioned that he read an article about Tandem before speaking to a representative at Media-Ville, and his ability to speak specifically about the company likely bolstered his candidacy for a potential internship. Cohen currently works at the William Morris Endeavor talent agency in Los Angeles, where he is an assistant in the unscripted television department. Following his Tandem internship, Cohen spent the summer before his senior year interning at WME in New York City. He shared that it was a Duke connection that enabled him to work at WME post-graduation and subsequently transfer to its L.A. office. He noted that students should make use of the Duke Entertainment, Media & Arts Network, as he believes it is the most invaluable resource available to creatively-minded students. “I wouldn’t be where I am without DEMAN,” Cohen said. “This is true with most other jobs, but the entertainment industry is even more so about who you know. That is how you get your foot in the door.”

Going into entertainment from Duke Avani Gupta, a graduate student pursuing a masters degree in interdisciplinary data science, shared that she didn’t realize that DEMAN existed prior to Media-Ville. While data science might not be the most typical entrypoint into the entertainment world, Gupta said that she knew she wasn’t interested in consulting and was looking for media-related opportunities when she came across the Media-Ville table at last year’s Fall Career Fair. “I was excited to see that there is any sort of focus on the entertainment industry within Duke,” Gupta said. She targeted HBO specifically and spoke to a university recruiter, Anastacia Padilla, about the timeline of recruitment for graduate students. She felt she received a “lay of the land that didn’t feel generic.” Gupta said she was excited to return to the HBO table this year and to talk to Padilla again, as this time she can learn more about which particular entry-level positions may be open to someone with her skillset as she approaches her graduation date in May. Padilla will be virtually present at MediaVille again this year, and she emphasized that students should make sure to highlight their “major skill sets and past contributions.” In an email correspondence, she wrote that recruiters are most interested to hear what special, specific thing a student has excelled in, whether that be a leadership role in an on-campus organization, a project the student has kick-started or simply a unique interest. Looking beyond Media-Ville, Padilla expressed that recent college graduates seeking to be hired at a company like HBO should pay special care to their resumes. “The job search is about being timely and thoughtful,” she wrote in an email. “Taking time to tailor your resume to the job role will do wonders for your application.” Whether students want to gain some firsthand insight into working at a popular media company or receive answers to specific career questions, the Media-Ville table at the Fall Career Fair is the right place to be.

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‘The Farewell’ masterfully depicts Chinese American biculturalism By Michelle Huang Contributing Writer

It’s summer in Shanghai and the hot air clings to my skin as I say goodbye to my grandmother from the taxicab parked in front of her apartment building. The leather of the seats sticks to my thighs as she reaches through the window to grab my hand, and I see the tears well up in her eyes just as they do in mine. I am not in the habit of lying, yet I promise her that I will take her to America soon, and that she will stay with us in our home in Miami where she will spend the rest of her days. In reality, she is too old and too sick to bridge the distance between us, but I tell her that we will be together anyway to keep her heart strong and her head high. When I roll up the taxi window, my mother pretends not to see me cry as we make our way back to a place my grandmother cannot reach. A month later, I am met with the same rush of emotion while sitting in a theater in my hometown, letting my tears flow freely as I watch “The Farewell.” It’s the story of a Chinese American granddaughter, Billi, who lies to hide the news of her grandmother’s terminal lung cancer in order to protect her grandmother from worrying about an illness she cannot control. Like me, Billi grew up in the United States and lives a life away from her nai nai, a life that is split between her Chinese roots and American upbringing, and when she returns to China to visit her grandmother, she learns about grief and identity in a way she has never experienced before. I find it impossible to tear my eyes away from the screen, even as I ugly cry, because in all my 18 years of life, I have never seen a movie like this. I have never related more to the faces in the film that look exactly like mine, to the mix of Mandarin and English that I can understand, to the portrayal of Chinese family dynamics that I experience everyday. China is no stranger in this film — there are no exaggerated accents, no big fat Chinese love story, no unnecessary over-explanation of cultural practices. I know this China; it mirrors my own home in Shanghai, where family is more than just blood, where food is the love language that connects the young and old at the dinner table, where happiness comes from just being together. I see so many parts of myself and my family in this movie, especially in Billi’s relationship with her grandmother. Nai nai’s insistence for Billi to eat more, her utter confidence in herbal supplements and even the shouts of “Ha! Ha!” during her morning exercises make me think of my own grandmother, who

Courtesy of A24 “The Farewell” is a poignant and accurate depiction of a separated family reuniting for its beloved matriarch in a time of need.

has done so many of those exact same things. Like Billi’s father in the movie, my mother moved to America for more educational and occupational opportunities and ended up staying there, thousands of miles away from her family. As a result, I was born and raised in the United States, but I go back to China every other summer to see my grandmother, and when I do, we never fail to bond over cooking and sewing and outdoor exercises, living together as though I was never away. My grandfather died, and my grandmother has been living alone in her apartment with hopes of joining us in America. Because she is almost 90 years old and has severe dementia, there is almost no way she can make the 24-hour journey over; however, we tell her that she can anyway because it is our job as a family to take on her emotional burden and worries as our own. “The Farewell” perfectly expresses my guilt of keeping the truth from my grandmother as Billi struggles through grief and remorse from lying to her grandmother about her terminal illness. The movie focuses on the group mentality of Chinese culture that fixates on the happiness of family and community as a whole, rather than the individual, and

in this way, the film also displays the dichotomy between Western individualism and Eastern collectivism, examining Chinese biculturalism like never before. “The Farewell” is a poignant and accurate depiction of a separated family reuniting for its beloved matriarch in a time of need. It resonates deeply with my own experiences as a Chinese American woman and someone who lives between two worlds. The relationships between me and my family are reflected onscreen, and the bond I have with my grandmother is strengthened through understanding. Although I won’t see my grandmother again for a while, “The Farewell” has made me realize that our separation is less like a “farewell” and more like a “until we meet again.” Campus Voices is a Recess column wherein writers of historically marginalized backgrounds are invited to discuss the relationship between their identity (or an aspect of it) and a specific work of art that is meaningful to them. If you’d like to write a piece for this column, please contact Recess’ editor, Nina Wilder, at

Eastcut Sandwich Bar serves up a burger that rivals Durham’s best By Alex Leo-Guerra Contributing Writer

Sandwich shops rarely get attention, but Eastcut Sandwich Bar — Brad Bankos and Steve Wuench’s ode to the deli subs they grew up on while living in New York and New Jersey — deserves the love and respect of the entire Triangle. Although it’s about an hour’s walk from campus (or a five-minute drive), it’s undoubtedly worth the journey. Nestled into a small residential street and found right beside a Doggy Daycare, Eastcut’s location is unassuming, to say the least. But a walk through its doors reveals a fast-casual concept unlike any other. The menu is allencompassing, from cold cut subs to a fried chicken sandwich to a burger, and is sure to please even the pickiest of eaters. Although all of their options were presented with the same amount of pride, I opted for a double cheeseburger to taste their finesse with a flat-top grill and curb the desire for a good burger on a hot August day. I waited on a beautiful back patio in excited anticipation, and could not have been happier with the result. Eastcut’s burger follows the traditional burger formula found at many independent eateries: beef patty, American cheese, lettuce, tomato, house pickles and burger sauce, all on a house roll. While the composition may be overplayed, the flavor manifested within was executed well enough to make it distinguishable from the rest. The burgers themselves were cooked to an almost textbook medium, packed with good juiciness and the perfect amount of

that a little bit drips off of your sandwich (which is inevitable). Buns baked in-house seal the deal and provide a wonderful vessel for the burger and its toppings. It rubs shoulders with some of Durham’s best burgers and is among the most comforting I’ve had yet. Though side dishes are rarely of note, Eastcut’s are an exception. Curly fries serve as a nostalgic accompaniment to this magnificent burger, acting as crisp, crunchy vessels for whatever side sauce you opt to order. But the real game-changers? Sweet potato tots. Rarely does one find a form of sweet potato as amazing as this, but these will be sure to leave an impression on you for their unique flavor and texture. They were perhaps the best accompaniment to a burger I have tried. Crunchy without sacrificing interior integrity, popping a tot into your mouth is akin to biting into a flavorful pillow, and when accompanied with a sauce of your choosing, the experience becomes something of a starch nirvana. Once you have these, you will be longing for them to be beside every burger you eat. If there’s any reason that you were not satisfied with your sandwich (though you may need a class in sandwich appreciation afterward), these tots will have you running back. Regardless of your attachment to anything between bread, Eastcut will leave you satisfied and hungry for more. If you have the belly room, the “Flight to Sandwich Utopia” will get you three of their signature sandwiches and will be certain to leave you in a state of carbohydrateinduced ecstasy. Otherwise, their burger, fries Alex Leo-Guerra | Contributing Photographer and tots will inspire your dreams for the next few Eastcut Sandwich Bar serves up a burger that holds its own against Durham’s best. days, and certainly leave you hungry for more.

seasoning to enhance the beefy flavor and bring out the sear of the patty. Well-melted American cheese dressed the patty elegantly, providing the classic cheeseburger flavor without punching you with the “rubberiness” so often found in supermarket brands.

Lettuce and tomato provided a great crunch, and the house pickles offered a more tolerable sourness and a sharp brightness to the creation. The burger sauce was wonderful, adding creaminess to complement the beef and a fantastic sauce to put onto your fries, given

10 | THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 19, 2019 recess

2019 - 20 Collection of Gifts Catalog

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Collection of Gifts 2019- 2020 The only collection of Duke merchandise in the world that actually comes from Duke University

The only collection of merchandise in the world that actually comes from Duke University.



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DeLaurier, Jones and White named captains

It’s time to believe in Duke

By Evan Kolin Assistant Blue Zone Editor

After opting to return to Durham instead of entering the NBA Draft, sophomore point guard Tre Jones has been named the lone new captain for this year’s Duke squad. Jones will join 2018-19 captains Javin DeLaurier and Jack White as the Blue Devils’ first trio of captains since the 201617 season, when Matt Jones, Amile Jefferson and Grayson Allen—the last of whom was later stripped of the honor—served as team captains. Allen was the lone Duke captain

the following season, before DeLaurier and White assumed the role last year. “I am thrilled to have Jack, Javin and Tre as our captains for this season,” Blue Devil head coach Mike Krzyzewski said in a release from the team. “Javin and Jack did an incredible job last year leading our team. To have them back with that experience as seniors, and to add our point guard, is important. They are each great leaders in their own way and I’m confident our team is in good hands.” Jones is also the first Blue Devil sophomore to serve as captain since Rodney

Hood was a captain during his redshirt sophomore season in 2013-14. The Apple Valley, Minn., native was projected to be a first round pick in June’s NBA Draft, but instead decided to return to Duke for at least one more year. He averaged 9.4 points and 5.3 assists last season, as well as being named to the All-ACC Defensive Team. Seniors DeLaurier and White are likely to come off the bench this year, but will still be valuable role players. DeLaurier averaged 3.8 points and 4.4 rebounds last season, with White adding 4.1 points and 4.7 boards per contest.

Walking down Chapel Drive after a Chronicle Sports meeting just a couple weeks ago, I said to another member on staff that this was a lost year for Duke football. In an awkward season cramped between Daniel Jones and the Blue Devils’ supposed quarterback of the future in Gunnar Holmberg, I firmly believed Blue Devil fans would have to wait this year out before there was any promise of competitive football in Durham. I was dead wrong. Yes, it’s easy to overreact after beating up on two opponents outside the Power Five, but Middle Tennessee isn’t a bad team. In fact, the Blue Raiders put up a better fight against 11th-ranked Michigan in Ann Arbor than they were able to against Duke at home. One game apiece obviously doesn’t place the Blue Devils in the same tier as the Wolverines, but it does put into perspective how impressive Quentin Harris and company were this past Saturday in Murfreesboro, Tenn. I’ll admit I was not very high on Harris before this season. After watching him take over for an injured Jones against Northwestern, Baylor and N.C. Central last year, I came to one clear conclusion—this guy can’t throw. He simply wasn’t accurate enough to be a viable starting quarterback against defenses outside the FCS. Once Jones returned, there wasn’t any further evidence to prove my initial

Evan Kolin

Sujal Manohar | Associate Photo Editor

Javin DeLaurier will be relied on inside.

Bre Bradham | Associate Photo Editor

Tre Jones will be the floor general for Duke.

Henry Haggart | Assistant Sports Photo Editor

Jack White started off last season hot.


Giants tab Daniel Jones as starter

See BELIEVE on Page 13

By Derek Saul Sports Editor

The Daniel Jones era in New York is officially here. After the Giants dropped their first two games in lopsided fashion, the team will move on from longtime starting quarterback Eli Manning in favor of Jones, New York’s first-round selection in April’s NFL Draft. ESPN reporter Adam Schefter first reported the switch. Jones was Duke’s starting quarterback for three seasons. Both Manning and Jones were coached in college by current Blue Devil head coach David Cutcliffe, known for his development of quarterbacks. While at Duke, Jones led the Blue Devils to victories in the 2017 Quick Lane Bowl See JONES on Page 13

Eric Wei | Sports Photography Editor

While at Duke, Daniel Jones started for three seasons, leading the team to two bowl wins.

Mary Helen Wood | Photography Editor

Quentin Harris has impressed this fall.


The Chronicle


Blue Devils stumble to 2nd straight home loss By Joe Wang Staff Writer

A five-minute collapse of Duke’s defense forced by SMU striker Garrett McLaughlin was all the underdog Mustangs needed Monday night. 18 minutes into the first half, SMU launched an unexpected overhead pass from the midfield that pierced through the entire Blue Devil defense. Duke goalkeeper Will Pulisic made a risky run that exposed the goal to McLaughlin, but luckily for the Blue Devils, the Mustang fell after a collision with Duke defender Hassan Pinto. The referee made no call. Just 120 seconds later, the Mustangs broke Duke’s defense once again. McLaughlin connected on a header 2 from outside the box SMU 0 and this time the DUKE referee called a penalty without hesitation. McLaughlin took it himself from 12 yards out, but his flat shot to the right was not enough to get past Pulisic. Before anyone could take a breather and before the cheering for Pulisic subsided, a Knut Ahlander through ball found McLaughlin inside the 18-yard box for the third time. The senior calmly examined the position of Pulisic, then flicked a crowd-silencer right through Pulisic’s legs, making it 1-0 for SMU. The Mustangs would not surrender their lead for the rest of the evening, as then-No. 22 SMU upset then-No. 2 Duke at Koskinen Stadium.

Jackson Muraika | Associate Photography Editor

A career-best eight saves in goal for Will Pulisic were not enough to lift Duke to victory. “Our first-half performance was lackluster,” Duke head coach John Kerr said. “I give credit to SMU. They came in with a game plan and they really took it to us in the first half. We were second-best to the ball, second-best to everything. Our passes were awful and they took advantage of it.” Despite conceding two goals, Pulisic was still the standout in a game in which

all the other Blue Devils seemed to fade into the background. Pulisic had a total of eight saves, matching his career best. In the second half, he dove to save a Mustang curl that went for the top left corner of the net. He also stopped a shot from the wing that could have made the night even more disappointing for Duke. “I was just going to trust my training,”

said Pulisic. “Obviously McLaughlin is a great player, but I’m just trying to do my job back there and help my team out. They are going to call me to make big saves and that’s what I am here to do.” SMU (6-0) finished the first half with five shots, four of which were on goal. In contrast, Duke (4-2) looked as though the ghosts of Virginia were still haunting the team, as it went back to the locker room with three shots, none of them on goal. The Blue Devils came into the second period with a more aggressive approach, searching for an equalizer. Just five minutes into the half, senior Max Moser sent in a beautiful cross from the right wing that found fellow senior Daniele Proch in the middle. Proch then headed the ball to freshman forward Scotty Taylor, who failed to put it into the net. A few minutes later, Moser swung in another cross that met Taylor’s head in the air, but the header went sideways. Duke squandered its best opportunity in the 65th minute as Taylor fired a rocket off the bar from the 12-yard line. After withstanding several punches from the Blue Devils, SMU regained its foothold with a counter-attack goal. Following an interception on the backline, the Mustangs quickly pushed the ball ahead to find McLaughlin in an open area on the right wing. He drove all the way into the box before dishing the ball to Ahlander, returning the favor from the first half. Ahlander’s See M. SOCCER on Page 13

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against Northern Illinois and the 2018 Independence Bowl against Temple, which was his last game in a Duke uniform. The Charlotte, N.C., native saved his best for last in college, passing for more than 400 yards and accounting for six touchdowns against the Owls. In the Giants’ season-opening 35-17 loss to the Cowboys, Jones did enter in the fourth quarter, completing 3-of-4 passes for 17 yards, though he lost a fumble on a scramble to the right side. Jones will make his debut as the Giants’ starter behind center Sunday when New York travels to Tampa to take on the Buccaneers.

impressions wrong. It’s why I thought that Holmberg should’ve entered this season above Harris in the depth chart. I did, however, notice something about Harris the first time I was able to interview him, following April’s Spring Showcase: he was mature. You may be wondering why this came as news to me. Of course a rising fifth-year senior would be mature, right? How does that make him a worthy starting quarterback in the ACC? What does that even mean? At the time, Harris still had a long way to go before he was ready to take the reins of Duke’s offense, but just by hearing him talk, I could tell he was getting there. He knew he had to improve as a passer. He knew how important that improvement would be to the Blue Devils’ 2019 campaign. And he was devoted to get to where his team needed him to be. This past Saturday, all that dedication came to light. Again, I know I’m probably overreacting to one great performance. But when you’re an optimist like I am, it’s hard to not overreact. Time and time again, Harris made throws that, around this time a year ago, I didn’t think he’d ever be able to make. I was wrong. Who knows, maybe he’ll toss three interceptions against Virginia Tech and I’ll be wrong once again. But right now, I believe Quentin Harris has shown he will continue to have success once conference play begins. Another reason I’m high on Duke football is the overstatement of the team’s tough schedule. Yes, nonconference matchups against Alabama and Notre Dame are near automatic losses and the Blue

Charles York | Photography Editor

Daniel Jones is the future for the Giants.



Devils do face numerous solid ACC teams this season, but there is no Clemson in this year’s conference slate. Every single ACC game this season is winnable, especially if the team’s offense keeps playing the way it has been. Am I saying Duke is going to make a run at the Coastal? No—though that’s not entirely out of question. The division is just as wide open as it was in 2018, when Pittsburgh somehow swooped in and stole the crown. But when all is said and done, do not be surprised if the Blue Devils end up winning seven or eight games by season’s end. In my book, that is anything but a lost year for Duke football.

FROM PAGE 12 sweeping shot went past Pulisic and found the left corner of the goal. “I feel bummed for the boys that they didn’t get that feeling of scoring a goal, which automatically uplifts you,” said Kerr. “It’s a shame to give away that second goal and put them back in the driver’s seat.” For the remainder of the game, a desperate Duke team struggled to convert valuable opportunities. Whether it was junior Matthias Frick’s fierce penetrations or Proch’s quick movements in the final third, the Mustang defense proved to be impenetrable all around. Duke ended its six-game homestay with its second straight loss, while SMU walked out of Koskinen still undefeated. The Blue Devils will hope to bounce back against Clemson on the road this Friday at 7 p.m. to prevent a threegame losing streak.

The New New York York Times Times Syndication Syndication Sales Sales Corporation Corporation The 620 Eighth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10018 620 Eighth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10018 Jackson Muraika | Associate Photo Editor Jackson Muraika | Associate Photo Editor For Information Information Call: 1-800-972-3550 1-800-972-3550 For Call: Moser energized Duke offensively. Koby Quansah has led Thursday, the Duke September defense. Max For September 19, 2019 2019 For Release Release Tuesday, 17,





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The Chronicle What we’re captains of: My soul: ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������satistics A sinking ship: ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������quiksilber 11 a.m. West Union crowd: ����������������������������������������������������� luzumontheloose Underpants: ������������������������������������������������������������������������� princessleahverified Spongebob theme song: ������������������������������������������������������������������������ kingsaul Student Advertising Manager: ��������������������������������������������������������Rebecca Ross Account Representatives: ���������Juliana Arbelaez, Emma Olivo, Spencer Perkins, Sam Richey, Alex Russell, Paula Sakuma, Jake Schulman, Simon Shore, Maddy Torres, Stef Watchi, Montana Williams Marketing Manager: �����������������������������������������������������������������Jared McCloskey Student Business Manager ���������������������������������������������� Dylan Riley, Alex Rose

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Online subscriptions: subscriptions: Today’s Today’s puzzle puzzle and and more more than than 7,000 7,000 past past Online puzzles, puzzles, ($39.95 ($39.95 aa year). year). Read about about and and comment comment on on each each puzzle: puzzle: Read commentary


The Chronicle


People and planet—profits be damned The Community Editorial Board is fully independent of the editorial staff of The Chronicle. he average Duke student might look to enjoy some sun and Beyú Blue coffee on the Bryan Center Plaza this Saturday. However, they may not be aware of the climate strike that will be happening, with just 128 individuals—less than 1% of all Duke students— “interested” in the Facebook event as of the


disproportionately low-income, racial minorities and indigenous—have suffocated from wildfires across California, the Amazon, and Madagascar; been swamped by sea level rise in the Marshall Islands, Jakarta, and Dar es Salaam; and been hammered by increasingly severe hurricanes in Puerto Rico, the Bahamas, and the NC Outer Banks. For others who do care, there seems to be a tendency towards the nihilistic intellectualization of traumatic disasters alongside the celebration of

against the neoliberal cultural tide at Duke of seamless control and perfection. But how do we stop swimming with the tide? How do we act for the environment without regard for the price tag? We must recognize that it is no longer sufficient to demand accountability for wrongdoing as a reaction. Rather, we must proactively work towards an environmentally-sustainable economic system that operates with an aligning set of moral obligations for the planet and for all, not just the upper

COMMUNITY EDITORIAL BOARD beginning of this week. This strike coincides with the climate strike in Raleigh on Friday as part of a global climate strike. Demanding the end of fossil fuel use, the movement has been led by youth like Greta Thunberg, the 16 years old activist who has skipped school every Friday for over a year to demonstrate outside the Swedish parliament and the White House last week. Perhaps it’s not surprising how little energy the climate strikes have garnered at Duke. This is evidenced by how some students comfortably host hurricane parties and don’t question how workers dutifully clear our sidewalks in the wake of a mere inch of snow. Meanwhile, the millions of people most affected by the climate crisis—who are

hot take of the week “Wheel of Fortune is the worst game show.”

—Jake Satisky, Editor-in-Chief, on September 18, 2019


Direct submissions to:

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The Chronicle

Inc. 1993

BEN LEONARD, Towerview Editor JAKE SHERIDAN, Towerview Managing Editor WILL ATKINSON, Recess Managing Editor MIRANDA GERSHONI, Recess Managing Editor JAEWON MOON, Editorial Board Chair OLIVIA SIMPSON, Editorial Board Chair BRE BRADHAM, Investigations Editor BEN LEONARD, Investigations Editor SHAGUN VASHISTH, Investigations Editor BRE BRADHAM, Recruitment Chair SHAGUN VASHISTH, Recruitment Chair MAYA ISKANDARANI, Senior News Reporter JOHN MARKIS, Senior News Reporter TREY FOWLER, Advertising Director JULIE MOORE, Creative Director

The Chronicle is published by the Duke Student Publishing Company, Inc., a non-profit corporation independent of Duke University. The opinions expressed in this newspaper are not necessarily those of Duke University, its students, faculty, staff, administration or trustees. Unsigned editorials represent the majority view of the editorial board. Columns, letters and cartoons represent the views of the authors. To reach the Editorial Office at 301 Flowers Building, call 684-2663 or fax 684-4696. To reach the Business Office at 1517 Hull Avenue call 684-3811. To reach the Advertising Office at 2022 Campus Drive call 684-3811. One copy per person; additional copies may be purchased for .25 at The Chronicle Business office at the address above. @ 2019 Duke Student Publishing Company

echelon. This includes understanding and deconstructing how we participate in maintaining that system. As students who will cycle out of the University and carry its benefits with us, we ought to recognize our potential power as a collective and come together to demand that Duke invests in public transportation, native plants, clean energy technology or alternatives to our exorbitant and water-consumptive grass like mulch or synthetic lawn. The actions we take or don’t take, whether they feel intentional, are guided by choices that we have control over. With the current climate catastrophe and the trauma it has already inflicted on millions around the world, we can no longer afford to choose inaction. No matter whether we resign ourselves to fatalism or salvage hope in preservation, we must live up to our own critiques of those with institutional power, shedding our individualism in favor of collective action. We can educate ourselves on environmental (in)justice, participate in advocacy like the Sunrise Movement, disobediently demand larger shifts toward community land ownership and cooperative labor or attend the climate protests. Because to do all that we can to “solve” the climate crisis is to embody the values we praise and realize the world we want to live in: one that cares about people and planet, profits be damned.

Eat the damn salmon W

e’ve become accustomed to a number of luxuries at Duke. Some of us have been afforded such privilege our entire lives; for others, these indulgences are unique to this campus. But regardless of our backgrounds, we are all getting a top-notch education, going to class in beautiful buildings, and choosing from literally dozens of delicious on-campus restaurants.

Rebecca Torrence COLUMN

JAKE SATISKY, Editor DEREK SAUL, Sports Editor STEFANIE POUSOULIDES, News Editor NATHAN LUZUM, KATHRYN SILBERSTEIN, Managing Editors LEXI KADIS, Senior Editor MICHAEL MODEL, Digital Strategy Director MARY HELEN WOOD, CHARLES YORK, Photography Editor LEAH ABRAMS, Editorial Page Editor NINA WILDER, Recess Editor CHRISSY BECK, General Manager CONNER MCLEOD, Sports Managing Editor CARTER FORINASH, University News Editor MATTHEW GRIFFIN, University News Editor PRIYA PARKASH, University News Editor MONA TONG, Local & National News Editor ROSE WONG, Local & National News Editor MARIA MORRISON, Health & Science News Editor EMILY QIN, News Photography Editor ERIC WEI, Sports Photography Editor MICHELLE TAI , Features Photography Editor AARON ZHAO, Features Photography Editor MIHIR BELLAMKONDA, Editorial Page Managing Editor MAX LABATON, Editorial Page Managing Editor SELENA QIAN, Graphics Editor BRE BRADHAM, Video Editor

superficially impactful vegetarianism, metal straws, and weekly recycling. However, this nihilism, those individual actions, are privileges, and they still bear complicity in the suffocation, dislocation and ruination of others by this crisis. Thus far, demanding individual and institutional accountability has made little headway in solving the climate crisis. While we may highlight Duke’s feeble and opaque divestment efforts or environmentally dubious interest in biogas and even push Duke to shut down its plans for a natural gas power plant, the University, so it seems, remains preoccupied with profit first and the planet second. Around the country, wealthy elites behave similarly, regarding freshwater scarcity as an investment opportunity or buying personal securities like Kim Kardashian’s private firefighters or Oprah’s private roads. In each of these instances, elite individuals and institutions tend to make decisions based on private profit, efficiency, and/or cost-benefit “pragmatism”— neoliberal, late-capitalist logics that are directly antithetical to environmental sustainability. Admittedly, it’s hard to shed cost-benefit frameworks and act purely on morality—just as it’s hard to swim

you’ll enjoy. People in the service industry deserve nothing less than our pure gratitude and kindness. And towards the idea that West Union’s architecture gives these restaurants undue confidence—why complain about the fact that West Union’s vendors want to create dishes that mirror the grandeur of the building? Is it not evidence of a restaurant’s desire for quality to add a fancier dish to the menu? It’s not like they’re making foods that they “have no business attempting” for their own pleasure. Plus, the fact that JB’s served “blackened salmon tip pineapple goulash” at all should tip you off to the fact that you have far better dining options than the average college student. If it’s still not good enough for you, I’m more than happy to take it off your hands. Sami’s article is in no way the first instance I’ve heard such criticisms. Duke students love to build comradery by ragging on the bus schedule, the cleanliness of the bathroom on their hall or the fact that it takes them 10 minutes to get from their dorm to class compared to their friend’s five. I get it—complaining about minor inconveniences can be reflexive, even cathartic at times. But while it may be an easy conversation topic, constant complaining can contribute to your risk for anxiety and depression. On the other end, rewiring your brain for gratitude can decrease that risk. Plus, you improve the lives of those around you—particularly the employees you’d otherwise criticize—by reducing negativity in the air. Even though I hear complaints like Sami’s all the time, I remain routinely fascinated by the hills Duke students choose to die on. Racism on campus? The prevalence of sexual assault? Our declining mental states? Not interested. No, the issue that really needs addressing is that Red Mango just doesn’t hit the spot quite like Quenchers. It may be easier to address our trivial concerns than these underlying phenomena, but let’s face it—we know where the real problems are. We’re just really good at ignoring them. But recognizing this tendency isn’t enough—we should redirect our energy towards genuinely productive dialogues. I understand the importance of holding Duke accountable even for the minor details, but I’d argue that we have a greater responsibility to hold Duke accountable for its stated commitment to protect the rights and identities of all students. Where are you when those issues come to the table? Eat the damn salmon and figure it out.

We’ve gotten used to that. I’ll be the first to admit that I often forget how lucky I am. And it’s easy to see why—most of the time, we run around this school like chickens with our heads cut off, bouncing from classes to extracurriculars to late nights in Perkins. We don’t give ourselves time to reflect. But there’s a difference between never stopping to smell the roses and blatant ungratefulness. Last Wednesday, senior Sami Kirkpatrick wrote an column entitled “Don’t eat the West Union fish.” Apparently, Sami had unpleasant experiences at both JB’s Chop House and Ginger and Soy, and thus saw fit to denounce the consumption of all fish throughout the dining hall. He concluded that these experiences demonstrate Duke’s focus on aesthetics over quality, which, in the case of West Union, gives vendors “the confidence to attempt dishes they have no business attempting.” I have no interest in starting a feud with Sami. But there are several facets of his column that stand out to me as examples of the disconcerting privilege we witness at Duke every day. It’s about time we take a closer look at the implications of such Duke-specific complaints. For every amenity at Duke, there are people behind the scenes, both those who worked to bring us each perk and those who keep it up and running. West Union didn’t appear out of nowhere according to your every specific preference—it had to be planned, funded and built, and vendors had to be selected, contracted and prepared to operate the restaurants daily for hundreds of customers. There were real humans involved in every stage of that process. When you issue blanket criticisms about West Union’s food, you are by proxy criticizing all of the individuals who Rebecca Torrence is a Trinity junior. Her column runs on work tirelessly, and for modest income, to feed you things alternate Thursdays.

The Chronicle commentary

A fraught history

‘We’re going to have to do it ourselves’: Fannie Lou Hamer


his week, I want to talk about Fannie Lou Hamer. But first, let’s talk about land. The end of the Civil War officially marked the emancipation of 4 million enslaved people in the United States. For the first time in 246 years, these newly freed individuals could leave the plantations, travel, reunite with their families, and set the terms for their work, time, and energy outside the slaveholder’s authority. But freedom contained another promise: that of “40 acres and a mule” for freed men and women.

failed, her boss fired her and confiscated her family’s property. Undeterred, Hamer then rose to prominence as a co-founder of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party to rival the segregationist Mississippi Democrats and build a base of Black political power in the state. Charlie Cobb, a SNCC activist, called Hamer a “crabgrass politician,” someone who came to realize that she does not have to be bound by any system; rather, she was a weed, “a threat to the harmony and continuity of a carefully trimmed lawn.” In other words, Hamer was a troublemaker.


As the Duke community begins to rethink its labor policies and practices, it’s important that we understand the experiences and contributions of people like Oliver Harvey and Shawn Easterling. Only then can we bridge the disconnect between those who make policy and those whom the policy affects. Alicia Sun

How does Duke remember its workers? Part 2

Gino Nuzzolillo COLUMNIST The federal government promised the redistribution of millions of acres, stretching from eastern North Carolina to the Mississippi Delta, to those who could now, finally, capture a slice of the astronomical wealth their labor had helped coax from the land. The promise appeared real— South Carolina, for example, established a Land Commission to assign land to formerly enslaved people. Land in 1866 meant self-sufficiency and independence from white rule, a source of stability absent the (nominal) security of voting rights or equal protection under the law. W.E.B. DuBois described this “land hunger” as “an absolutely fundamental and essential thing to any real emancipation of the slaves.” To a certain extent, African Americans realized this dream—by 1910, Black-owned farmland in Mississippi totaled 2.2 million acres, the most of any state. The white South, however, could not tolerate Black prosperity and independence. Their growing resistance to Reconstruction led to the closure of the Freedmen’s Bureau in 1872 and the removal of federal troops from the South after the election of 1876. That is, the federal government caved to the Redeemers and abandoned Black communities. In turn, the former planter class, alongside Democratic politicians, employed intimidation, violence, lynchings, deceptive contracts, and the criminal justice system to dispossess and displace Black landowners. The vast majority of rural Black folks became sharecroppers tied by debt to white landowners; if entangled in prisons and jails, they became convicts leased for their labor. Lynchings and violence, in particular, chipped away at every gain made by Black farmers and landowners—from the one hundred Black farmers murdered in Leflore County, Mississippi at the turn of the 20th century to the brutal suppression of a fledgling sharecroppers’ union in Hernando, Mississippi in 1935. White Southerners sought to eradicate the Black claim to equal rights, economic opportunity, and dignity; by the 1960s, exploitation and subordination of Black Southerners, especially in the fertile lands of the Mississippi Delta, remained entrenched. This brings me back to Fannie Lou Hamer, a sharecropper living in Sunflower County, Mississippi in 1962 when organizers with the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) arrived to register Black voters. Hamer had already endured both poverty and the notorious “Mississippi appendectomy,” a forced sterilization robbing her of the ability to have children. The SNCC organizers radicalized Hamer, who drew from her lived experiences to become a powerful organizer and essential to the movement to challenge white supremacy in Mississippi. When her first effort to register voters at a courthouse in Indianola

As a sharecropper, the land of the Mississippi Delta was foundational to how Fannie Lou Hamer understood herself and the movement for Black liberation. In 1969, in the same places where Black Mississippians feared lynching and white supremacist violence, where freedpeople had struggled for land ownership, Hamer purchased 40 acres of prime Delta land, which she used to establish the “Freedom Farm Cooperative.” The Freedom Farm Cooperative modeled the idea of “food sovereignty” by and for poor Black families in Sunflower County, and members approached land use communally so that each participant had a stake in the cooperative’s governance. Collective ownership of the land also meant that Hamer and the Freedom Farm families had complete control independent of any white authority. Over 1,500 families belonged to the Freedom Farm, and they sustained themselves by growing cash crops and vegetables; by 1970, the Farm had purchased an additional 640 acres and started a “pig bank” to ensure poor families had access to meat. Hamer even ensured that 200 units of low-income housing were built on the land in addition to forming other co-op businesses. Although the FFC faded by the mid 1970s, the Freedom Farm briefly revived the promise of emancipation—a grasp at justice extinguished by the failures of Reconstruction-era America. Given the violent contestations over land and economic power endemic to the post-Civil War United States, Hamer’s efforts were nothing short of radical. I believe Fannie Lou Hamer’s politics dramatically upend how we understand economics, land, power, democracy, and citizenship in the American South. Echoing Du Bois and following the trail shaped by both the enslaved and the freed, Hamer understood that poor people, especially poor Black communities, deserved a shot at a decent life governed by no one else but themselves. More, Hamer understood liberation as collective, where people’s freedom was bound up in the freedom of others. Work in the tradition of Fannie Lou Hamer continues today in Mississippi and across the South, exemplified by organizations like Cooperation Jackson in Jackson, Mississippi. Hamer’s legacy, then, pushes us to discard the notion of a monolithic, racist, “backwards,” South, to instead understand the South as the site of both oppression and resistance, complexity and clarity, constantly in flux as a bellwether for democratic experiments and the expansion of who counts in the United States.

Gino Nuzzolillo is a Trinity senior. His column runs on alternate Thursdays.

Editor’s note: This story is Part 2 in a series of columns by Alicia Sun exploring the history of labor at Duke. Part 3 will be published in early October.

and advocated against racial discrimination. Sixty years later, the fight continues. As of 2019, Duke employs 701 full-time service workers, 85% (595 workers) of which are



ecognition, albeit rare, has come to workers in different ways. George Wall, the first janitor employed at Duke, was born into slavery around 1854 but was emancipated as a teenager. Hired as a servant and later as a janitor, he devoted fifty years of service to the university. Wall died in 1930, but his legacy lives on in Walltown, the neighborhood he founded two blocks north of Duke’s campus, and the Walltown Health Clinic, a facility operated by Duke. Since Wall, thousands of workers have helped to build and maintain the university, but very few have been memorialized in the way Wall has. Laborers like Lucius Jeter, an African American stonesman, built the school yet have no permanent memorial on our campus. Jeter worked on the foundations of West Campus in the 1930s and later on the Allen Building in the 1950s. Although the labor force included blacks and whites, university documents reveal that Duke’s campus was built mostly by underpaid black labor. The white laborers’ stories, however, are far more visible. Even when black stonemasons are acknowledged in university documents, it is in patronizing language. They are usually referred to as “helpers” and considered not as qualified as white laborers. They also earned about 68 cents for every dollar their white counterparts earned. In the latter half of the 20th century, issues arose in the treatment and wages of the maids and janitors. In a 1959 article in The Carolina Times, Duke students John Strange and Scott Stevens exposed the shockingly low wages of the university’s 225 nonacademic workers. Janitors were paid 90 cents an hour, and maids were making only 65 cents, amounting to $19.50 per week. Beyond low wages, the maids and janitors had no holidays or sick leave. Times Publisher L.E. Austin referred to these conditions as “peonage.” Oliver Harvey, a janitor at the time, had long been aware of this injustice and was building momentum for unionization and collective bargaining efforts. He founded Local 77 in 1965, a union for Duke workers, and would frequently give speeches before students about the dignity of work. His calls to action were reflected in the Silent Vigil of 1968, the largest student demonstration in Duke’s history in which students demanded collective bargaining rights for nonacademic employees

minorities—520 blacks, 106 whites, and 55 Hispanics. Although the wage has increased to a closer-to-living $15 per hour (substantially above the federal and state minimum wage of $7.25 per hour), the most recent change to housekeeping schedules has required Duke’s residential housekeeping staff to work weekends, with the same number of hours and pay, at the alleged request of the students. Under the rules, housekeepers have less time to spend with family, attend religious services, or tend to other obligations. Shawn Easterling, who protested the move, is facing consequences. “I’m under suspension right now for failure to come in on Saturdays and Sundays,” he says. Back at home, Easterling has a lot to deal with; weekends are precious. As he told me, “My Saturdays and Sundays are important to me and my family, considering we just lost our son, who was 10-years old, last year—Thanksgiving Eve. So between that and dealing with the loss of our child, our religious beliefs are very important to us. We’re dealing with that the best we can, and to come here and have to deal with what I’m dealing with, which is not just affecting me but affecting my family as well.” Maybe if management had taken the time to understand their workers, to talk to them and listen to their concerns, they wouldn’t have been so quick to suspend Easterling. He believes the administration could improve working conditions by adhering to a simple concept: be human. “Understand that you’re a human being and that you have human beings working for you” would be his advice to leadership. “Every day is not a good day for us and every day is not a good day for them, either. It would help if they understood that.” Throughout Duke’s history of labor, there has been a common thread: a lack of empathy for its workers. For people like Easterling and Gooch, that thread persists to this day. As the Duke community begins to rethink its labor policies and practices, it’s important that we understand the experiences and contributions of people like Oliver Harvey and Shawn Easterling. Only then can we bridge the disconnect between those who make policy and those whom the policy affects. Alicia Sun is a Trinity senior. Her column runs on alternate Thursdays.

The Chronicle


CAN’T MISS EVENTS SEPTEMBER 19-NOVEMBER 17 Experiments From a Black Queer Feminist Future Center for Documentary Studies Through October 19, 2019

This multi-artist, interactive exhibition invites conversation and connection and is “an homage to the legacy of resistance and freedom experiments” in Durham, says Courtney Sebring of BYP100, a national organization of young Black activists and organizers that includes a Durham chapter. Sebring, with the Center for Documentary Studies’ Courtney Reid-Eaton and Amber Delgado, organized the show. “This space is an invitation and a challenge to the community to experiment with taking meaningful action in service of . . . a future where Black women, Black queer people, Black trans and gender non-conforming people, Black undocumented people, Black disabled people, and all historically marginalized communities are free.” PHOTO: BYP100 2019 National Convening, photo by Christopher Jason





SOUTHBOUND: PHOTOGRAPHS OF AND ABOUT THE NEW SOUTH Through Saturday, December 21 All Day Power Plant Gallery

RUBY FRIDAYS— ALL SEMESTER LONG! (Most) Fridays Noon Ruby Lounge Rubenstein Arts Center

AMBROSE AKINMUSIRE ORIGAMI HARVEST Thursday, September 19 8 pm Von der Heyden Studio Theater

THIS TACO TRUCK KILLS FASCISTS Thursday, September 26 7 pm Rubenstein Arts Center Film Theater


SCULPTURE GARDEN PERFORMANCES Saturday, September 28 2 pm and 4 pm Nasher Sculpture Garden





DUKE SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA WITH KAREN WALWYN, PIANO Wednesday, October 2 7:30 pm Baldwin Auditorium Free Admission



AS YOU LIKE IT Thursday, November 7 – Sunday, November 17 Sheafer Theater

A Symposium Celebrating Ten Years of the Wired! Lab for Digital Art History & Visual Culture, Duke University

Friday, October 18 9 am – 6 pm

Brought to you by Department of Art, Art History and Visual Studies, Center for Documentary Studies, Dance Program, Music Department, Master of Fine Arts in Experimental & Documentary Studies, Nasher Museum of Art, Program in the Arts of the Moving Image’s Screen/Society, Theater Studies and Duke Performances.


NOVEMBER DANCES 2019 Friday, November 22 & Saturday, November 23 7:30pm Reynolds Industries Theater

Profile for Duke Chronicle

September 19, 2019  

September 19, 2019