See Inside Fiery start carries Duke to win Page 6
T H E I N D E P E N D E N T D A I LY AT D U K E U N I V E R S I T Y
MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 10, 2018 DUKECHRONICLE.COM
How could Hurricane Florence impact Duke?
ONE HUNDRED AND FOURTEENTH YEAR, ISSUE 8
WIN—BUT AT A STEEP COST FOOTBALL
Blue Devils lose their quarterback, top corner in 21-7 win against Northwestern on the road
By Ben Leonard Managing Editor
With Category 4 Hurricane Florence projected to make landfall late Thursday or Friday morning, Durham could wind up being impacted significantly. Wes Hohenstein, chief meteorologist at CBS 17, told The Chronicle Sunday there is a two-thirds chance that the eye of Hurricane Florence blows right through Durham. Hohenstein said the cone used in projections from the National Hurricane Center is correct twothirds of the time—and as of now, Durham is included in the 500-mile wide projected path. On the ground in Durham, that would mean winds at more than 70 miles per hour, intense flooding, fallen trees and power outages for potentially days, Hohenstein said. He added the worst day will likely be Friday, in what could be a three-day storm hitting Durham Thursday, Friday and Saturday. Driving would likely be next to impossible Friday. Hohenstein added Sunday night that the storm is rapidly intensifying, but expected to weaken and drastically slow down when its eye is projected to make landfall at some point the second half of the day on Thursday. This would leave North Carolina more vulnerable to flooding, he said. Using current projections, Hohenstein explained that Florence would be a Category 2 hurricane by the time it reaches Durham. “A lot of times, we prepare for these bad storms and things are okay and nothing happens. But every once in a while, it is the worst possible scenario and we have to be ready for it,” he said. “Once things start going downhill, there’s no turning back. We want to make sure everyone is taking it seriously and is ready for it.” In the one-third chance that the projection is not correct, the impact could be very minimal in Durham. Gov. Roy Cooper declared a State of Emergency Friday. By its policies, Duke and its health care system must maintain “essential services and operations” during severe weather conditions. These services would include hospital operations, student resident life, research and support services. Although the hospital and the University must remain open in severe weather, classes and clinic appointments may be cancelled. Duke cancelled classes under its severe weather policy for a large snowstorm in January. Kyle Cavanaugh, vice president of administration, told The Chronicle in an email that any decision regarding classes would be up to Provost Sally Kornbluth, in consultation with Duke’s Emergency Management System. If the severe weather policy were to go into effect, a DukeALERT would be issued. Cavanaugh wrote that the Emergency Management System has been monitoring the storm closely, while in regular contact with the National Weather Service. He also added that since hurricanes tend to impact the coast primarily, the University has been in close contact with Duke’s Marine Lab, whose leadership is also planning for potential impact.
By Mitchell Gladstone Sports Features Editor Ian Jaffe | Special Projects Photography Editor Mark Gilbert’s season is over after being injured in Saturday’s game against Northwestern.
EVANSTON, Ill.—The Blue Devils’ than ever, completing more than 74 percent victory against Northwestern Saturday of his 39 pass attempts and posting five total was not as rosy as it may have seemed. touchdowns without a turnover in Duke’s Quarterback Daniel Jones fractured his first two contests. left clavicle at the end of the third quarter Former Blue Devil quarterback and will be out indefinitely after surgery. Anthony Boone missed four weeks with ACC cornerback the same injury as Mark Gilbert was We feel for him and I hope Jones in 2013. That helped off the field Duke team went in the first half and is he gets healthy fast, and 1-2 in its stretch now out for the season losing a guy like that is never without Boone, after hip surgery losing a pair of easy. Sunday as well. ACC contests. The two join a Jones’ injury was ben humphreys growing list of key SENIOR LINEBACKER the second scare Blue Devils in the of the game, training room, as wide after Gilbert had receiver Aaron Young and safety Jeremy already left in the first half. McDuffie didn’t suit up for Saturday’s “We have a lot of information on him, we contest due to lingering injuries. took him to the hospital here,” Head Coach Losing Jones is a major blow for the David Cutcliffe said after Saturday’s game. Blue Devils. The third-year starter has “Right now, we are figuring Mark [Gilbert] begun the 2018 season looking stronger is going to be out for quite some time.”
Gilbert’s absence would immediately impact a young Blue Devil secondary. He hauled in six interceptions during the 2018 season—which led the ACC— and has become an anchor for a strong defensive unit. “Mark Gilbert is one of the best corners in the ACC, if not the country,” senior linebacker Ben Humphreys said. “We feel for him and I hope he gets healthy fast, and losing a guy like that is never easy.” Quentin Harris and Michael Carter II took over for Jones and Gilbert, respectively. Harris was 2-for-2 on passes for 14 yards with 14 yards on the ground, but did not produce any points. Carter—on the other hand—had the best games of his career, logging eight tackles, three pass breakups and an interception in the victory. The Blue Devils will head to Waco, Texas, next Saturday where they will face Baylor at 3:30 p.m.
First-years: Math says don’t fall in love By Luke Farrell Columnist
For first-years at Duke, stress comes in various forms: making friends, struggling in class, missing the bus. For many of these novel pressures, Duke attempts to provide some feeble remediation. But for perhaps the most stressful of all—finding love—even Duke can provide no help. From first-year move-in to commencement, you have around 1,352 days to find the best possible person to start your Duke romance with. But finding love, especially mathematically optimal love, is no small feat. Settle down too early, and end up missing out on an even better future partner. Wait too long, and all your best suitors may already be taken. You may try your luck at Shooters—but rarely can one find oneself among the sweat and iniquity there, let alone their one true love. Or you may take
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your chances on a dating app—but those become easily saturated and still don’t solve the problem of who to choose. Luckily for you, mathematics provides a straightforward solution: for the first 37 percent of your Duke career, don’t fall in love. You can achieve the greatest verifiable odds of finding your perfect match—all you have to do is follow dating advice from a mathematician. Through the centuries this problem has come in many forms: “the secretary problem,” “the sultan’s dowry problem” and most recently as “optimal stopping theory.” The mathematical phenomenon was popularized when Martin Gardner wrote about it in Scientific American in 1960 and has since inspired research in economics, finance, biology, and statistics. The 37 percent rule it generated has been found everywhere from fish mating behavior,
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2 | MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 10, 2018
Rooming random: Three weeks in, first-years sound off By Brian Guo Contributing Reporter
The transition to college residence life is a time of unfamiliarity and uncertainty. But, the Class of 2022 had another concern on their hands—randomly selected roommates. The Class of 2022 is the first class that was not able to pre-select roommates on East Campus. Having settled in to their dorms, some of Duke’s first-years spoke with The Chronicle to reflect on the implementation and effect of the new housing policy. “Having that security of knowing who you’re rooming with—say, for example, from the same high school—you already know what to expect,” first-year Soren Christensen said. “Whereas, for us new Duke students, we had no idea if we would be compatible with each other.” Christensen, a Jarvis resident, was “pretty disappointed” after he first heard about the change, especially considering that his class would be the first to try it out. However, his opinion on the policy changed over time, as he said he now prefers the policy. Christensen attributed the development to his roommate’s similar interests and mindset. “If [we] were given the choice to be with people we want, we wouldn’t feel the need to meet other people,” he added. “In that case, there would be a much smaller sense of community in the dorms.” First-years Anika Birewar and Avanti Shah, roommates in Wilson, are perhaps an example of what the random roommate policy sought to avoid. The two were very close friends at the same high school in India. “In terms of personality, obviously it worked out really well. We’re basically the same person,” Birewar said. “I’ve known her for a long four years.” Nevertheless, both roommates desired the random process. Shah highlighted the fact that during roommate scouting online, “both [students] are projecting something that [they are] not.” That is not something Shah wanted. Larry Moneta—vice president for student affairs—and Steve Nowicki—who was then the dean and vice provost for undergraduate education—were the administrators who initially informed students about the change.
Sujal Manohar | Photography Editor Soren Christensen, right, is one of the first-year students who met his roommate through the random assignment process. The pair lives in Jarvis.
“In the last few years, we’ve seen increasing numbers of students who have pre-selected roommates, often with very similar backgrounds to their own,” Moneta and Nowicki wrote in an email sent in February to the new class. “While this may make the transition to college seem somewhat easier, we’ve also seen that this can work against your having the best educational experience in the long term.” Although first-years seemed to have a generally positive opinion on the principle behind the roommate policy, some students had reservations regarding the random selection process. Aaron Chai, a first-year in Wilson, said that the housing survey—with questions ranging from sleep and wake times to studying
preferences—“captured the essence” of finding a roommate. Yet he wished that Duke included additional questions about interests to develop a stronger connection between random roommates. The sentiment was echoed by firstyear Eric Carlson of Bassett, who thought the survey was generally inadequate in matching roommates. “There’s definitely much more important stuff to go over when it comes to a person’s personality, like ‘Do you go out a lot?’” he said. “There’s a real distinction between people who go out at Duke and people who don’t.” On the issue of diversity, Carlson was not optimistic. “Even though I’m fine with the roommate
policy, I’m not sure that it’s going to solve the problem at all,” he said. However, he agreed that there is no easy solution to Duke’s diversity problems. Carlson added that he believed the policy is not intended to completely fix the problem but will be a step in the right direction. Although the first-years interviewed had different opinions on the policy’s impact on diversity, a commonly cited benefit of the new policy was its empowerment of those lacking existing connections with fellow incoming first-years. “There can be somewhat of a divide from day one,” Carlson said. “Any way that Duke can try to make this less of an issue would be excellent.”
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Researchers uncover how leukemia infiltrates the brain By Michael Lee Contributing Reporter
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia can wreak havoc when it spreads to the brain—but until recent Duke research, no one had shown how ALL manages to do so. The research team discovered that ALL cancer cells have a special receptor allowing them to bind a protein on blood vessels that lead directly to the central nervous system. This allows the cancer cells to infiltrate the blood vessels and head straight for the brain. “The ALL cells have a high propensity to go into the central nervous system,” said Dorothy Sipkins, associate professor of medicine and senior author of the paper. “They want to be there for some reason and what we were trying to understand is how.” Sipkins likened the process to a firehouse, in which the top floor of the firehouse is the bone marrow and the bottom floor is the central nervous system. The fireman’s pole is a blood vessel on which the ALL cell easily and directly slides down. In the United States alone, there have been about 6,000 cases of ALL and approximately 1,500 resulting deaths in 2018, according to the American Cancer Society website. ALL is a deadly type of cancer that occurs when white blood cells in the body begin to grow uncontrollably and rapidly. For more than half of patients with ALL, the cancer affects the brain by invading the central nervous system and makes recovery prospects much lower, Sipkins mentioned. For decades, no one was able to identify how cancer cells enter the central nervous system. Sipkins and her lab spent years of work trying to understand this mechanism. This deadly invasion of the nervous system was always thought to be caused by the cancer cells crossing the blood brain barrier, which acts to protect the brain from harmful substances. “We tried by many means to identify the molecular
mechanisms that could mediate that process,” she said. “Every time we looked for that, we failed to find any evidence of the cells entering the central nervous system via that type of route.” After years of work, Sipkins’ lab had to re-evaluate and take a hard turn. The discovery finally came when the lab was testing a drug in collaboration with a drug company. After administering the medication to mice that had ALL, Sipkins noticed that the only reason the mice were surviving longer was because they were not developing a central nervous system disease. How exactly the disease did not develop in the central nervous system still remained a mystery. Sipkins noticed that the drug was not effective in completely eliminating the disease in the bone marrow—where the disease originates—but also knew that it could not penetrate the central nervous system to fight disease there. From these observations, her team was able to deduce that the drug was preventing the cancer cells from entering the central nervous system altogether. “We thought, ‘Wow, we finally have a tool to try and untangle this mystery,’” Sipkins said. Despite the headway, the main issue still remains unsolved. “The hardest part was finding how these cells actually get in from the bone marrow to the central nervous system,” said Trevor Price, a postdoctoral scholar in the Sipkins Lab and contributing author of the paper. Currently, patients with ALL must go through aggressive treatments with great toxicity, but Sipkins said this new discovery could greatly minimize that. She admitted, however, that there is still a long road ahead and that she can’t overstate things. Nevertheless, this paper is definitely a potential step forward in a long process. “The ultimate goal is to develop a therapeutic treatment that could specifically target this mechanism that would prevent these cells from migrating from bone marrow to central nervous system,” Sipkins said.
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Duke profs take sides in Harvard admissions lawsuit By Sam Kim Senior News Reporter
An admissions lawsuit is rattling Harvard, and professors at Duke are taking sides. The lawsuit claims that Harvard discriminated against AsianAmerican applicants in its admissions practices by giving them lower personality ratings as part of a soft quota—an accusation that that cites the expert testimony of Peter Arcidiacono, a professor of economics at Duke. Two other professors, Walter Dellinger and Helen Ladd, have submitted briefs defending Harvard by questioning the suit’s legitimacy or by supporting the university’s own numbercrunching methods. The trial is scheduled to begin Oct. 15, 2018. Peter Arcidiacono Arcidiacono is the labor economist hired by Students for Fair Admissions (SFFA), the anti-affirmative action group bringing the lawsuit, to analyze Harvard’s admissions data. According to his analysis, Asian-Americans scored higher than other applicants on grades, test scores and extracurricular activities. But they consistently received lower marks on the “personal rating,” which includes traits like “positive personality,” “kindness” and “likability.” “The difference is notable because similar ratings by teachers, guidance counselors and alumni interviewers do not show nearly as much of a difference between [Asian-American and white applicants],” Arcidiacono stated in court documents. This penalty against Asian-Americans hurt their chances of admission to Harvard, according to his analysis. Legacy and athlete admits could not explain the disparity. Arcidiacono has been controversial in the past. In 2012, he co-authored a study arguing that black and legacy students were See HARVARD on Page 4
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Duke stays on top of ‘graduate outcomes’ in latest WSJ rankings By Jake Satisky
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The 2019 Wall Street Journal/Times Higher Education College Rankings are out, and Duke has dropped two spots from last year to this year. In its annual rankings, the WSJ ranked Duke at seventh overall, tied with Brown University. Duke fell from fifth place in the 2018 rankings to its current sevent spot, and Brown rose four spots from 11th to tie Duke. Harvard University topped the list for the second year in a row, with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Yale University rounding out the top three. Nevertheless, Duke was tied with Harvard and Yale for No. 1 in student outcomes. This year has been a rough one for the University in terms of its ranking position—it fell one spot to No. 9 in the US News and World Report ranking and two spots to No. 10 in the Forbes ranking. “We have entered an age of more accountability,” said Rep. Virginia Foxx (R-N.C.), chairwoman of the House Education and the Workforce Committee, to the WSJ’s Melissa Korn and Douglass Belkin. “Whatever program people go into, there ought to be value added to it.” Foxx thought it important that families are aware of the full costs and
benefits of college, including loans and future earning potential. The methodology behind the ranking includes four major categories, according to the Times Higher Education website. Outcomes is the most important category within this ranking’s methodology, taking into account graduation rate, academic reputation and value added to both graduate salary and loan default. Financial resources, engagement with students and environment— diversity amongst students and faculty—are the other three factors considered for the ranking.
Duke ranked 15th in resources, 68th in engagement and 180th in environment. Survey responses from 189,000 students were included as well. On a scale of 0 to 10, with 10 representing strongest agreement, Duke received a 9.1 in whether the university was a right choice to the student, 8.6 in whether the university provided an inspiring environment and 8 for whether the university was worth the cost. Duke also came in first for universities in the South. The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill came in at No. 37 overall.
HARVARD FROM PAGE 3 more likely to switch to easier majors, such as in the humanities and the social sciences, prompting the Black Student Alliance to protest the study. Walter Dellinger Dellinger, Douglas B. Maggs professor emeritus of law, is a former acting solicitor general during the Clinton administration. In a friend-of-the-court brief filed July 30, he argued against SFFA’s lawsuit on constitutional grounds, calling the organization— which invites rejected college applicants to join for a $10 fee—a “transparent and novel attempt” to skirt the rules on who can bring federal lawsuits. “[I am] aware of no similar organization created for the exclusive purpose of litigation, which provides no other benefits or services to its ‘members,’ but that has nevertheless been granted the ability to sue in its own name,” Dellinger wrote in court documents. His claim on SFFA’s legal standing is the same one Harvard made in its many letters asking the judge for summary judgment— that is, to decide the case without a trial. The Civil Rights Division of the U.S. Department of Justice publicly opposed the request in an Aug. 30 filing. Helen Ladd Ladd, Susan B. King professor emeritus of public policy and economics, is one of 16 economists who submitted a brief Aug. 30 supporting Harvard. Harvard ran its own analysis through David Card, professor of economics at the University of California, Berkeley. Although he and Arcidiacono used the same data, they reached very different conclusions—according to Card, Harvard did not discriminate against any applicant. “Prof. Arcidiacono reveals a significant misunderstanding of Harvard’s admissions process,” Card stated in court documents In official court filings, they slammed each other’s findings as false, and Ladd and other scholars rose to Card’s defense. “[We] share the view that Dr. Card is one of the most outstanding and respected scholars in the field of econometrics and applied economics,” Ladd and others wrote in the brief. “His statistical analyses in this case were methodologically sound, and the criticisms of his modeling approach […] are not based on sound statistical principles or practices.”
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6 | MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 10, 2018
CHI-TOWN SHUTDOWN Jones’ fiery start before injury fuels Blue Devils’ road victory against Northwestern
By Mitchell Gladstone Sports Features Editor
EVANSTON, Ill.—From the very first play Saturday, Daniel Jones didn’t flinch. Even with a Wildcat clinging to his jersey, the Blue Devil quarterback got rid of the football, finding Chris Taylor for a completion on the far sideline. And that was just the beginning of a career half. Jones put together an efficient first 30 minutes, racking up 159 yards and three touchdowns through the air, giving Duke all the offense it would need in a 21-7 win against Northwestern at Ryan DUKE 21 Field. Although the 7 redshirt junior would NU struggle in the second half before leaving the game in the fourth quarter with a fractured left clavicle, Jones’ start was enough to get his team across the finish line. “He was playing just lights out. He’s prepared hard, and that preparation, you could visibly see it,” head coach David Cutcliffe said of Jones. The team announced Sunday that Jones underwent surgery and will be out indefinitely. “We’re losing one of our best football players,” Cutcliffe said. “I told our team there’s no question that we’ve been talking about this all camp, that the only way sometimes we get better is through adversity, and I thought we managed to do what we had to do today.” The Blue Devils (2-0) went quietly on their opening series of the afternoon, punting after just a half-dozen plays. But three of Duke’s next
Ian Jaffe | Special Projects Photography Editor
Daniel Jones was forced to leave the game in the second half after fracturing his clavicle on a sack by Northwestern. four possessions would go the distance, as Jones completed 11 of his 14 first-half pass attempts to help the visitors to an early cushion. Jones’ first touchdown pass capped a 14play, 75-yard drive as he found T.J. Rahming on an inside slant to level the score at seven apiece. Then, after safety Marquis Waters pulled down the Blue Devils’ second interception of the
day and Northwestern (1-1) was whistled for targeting on the return, Jones launched a 52-yard play-action bomb to Johnathan Lloyd that put Duke up 14-7. “It was just a basic play-action play and we felt like we could convert it,” Lloyd said. “Chemistry [with Daniel] helps. This is our third year together, his third year starting. But he’s put
in a lot of work and he’s been confident in the offseason and camp, and it’s paid off.” A series later, the Blue Devils marched down the field again. Following five consecutive handoffs to sophomore running back Deon Jackson to open the drive, tight end Noah Gray leaked out for a 26-yard catch to put Duke inside the Wildcats’ 10-yard line. Fellow tight end Davis Koppenhaver then needed just one hand to snag a Jones pass in the back of the end zone to double the Blue Devil lead, 21-7. “This is going to be great tape to go back and learn and teach,” Lloyd said. “We made a lot of mistakes. We didn’t really play that well, especially the second half, they kind of stalled us.... Every win’s a good win, but we learned a lot about our team.” While Duke’s offense struggled to hold any type of momentum, the Blue Devil defense kept the pressure on the hosts. Northwestern managed just one series of more than 35 yards, a credit to Duke’s front six—the group combined for four sacks and six tackles for loss. But a scary injury to Mark Gilbert sent the junior cornerback to the locker room midway through the second quarter. Gilbert was grimacing as he was helped off the field, unable to put any weight on his left leg. Gilbert underwent surgery in Durham Sunday and it was revealed that he will miss the remainder of the 2018 season. “It’s exciting to see the next guy up step up See FOOTBALL on Page 9
Duke splits road campaign against top-10 opponents By Dilan Trivedi Associate Sports Editor
A weekend away from home featuring stiff competition resulted in mixed results once again for the Blue Devils. A week after defeating then-No.12 Northwestern and falling to then-No. 4 Maryland in the Big Ten/ ACC Cup in College Park, Md., No. 4 Duke headed farther up I-95 to play No. 6 Princeton Friday and No. 5 Penn State Sunday. In a true road matchup against the Tigers at Bedford Field in Princeton, N.J., the Blue Devils were unable to hold their leads on two different DUKE 2 occasions, falling 3-2 in a back-and-forth 3 battle that saw the PRIN DUKE 4 Tigers grab the lead for good with two goals 1 within 121 seconds of PSU one another. The Blue Devils then played Penn State at Temple University’s Howarth Field in Philadelphia, using three goals in the second half to come home with a 4-1 victory. “We did a lot of work from Friday until today,” Duke head coach Pam Bustin said Sunday. “We had a good practice at Temple Saturday. Really, we just needed to reset back to our game and get back to the things that are important to us as a team. It was not perfect by any means but certainly much better and more consistent. I was
really proud that we were able to get back to that against a great team like Penn State who definitely challenged us.” Leading 2-1 against Princeton going into the final 20 minutes of Friday’s game, Duke (42) ceded a goal to Maddie Bacskai off a penalty corner, assisted by Elise Wong and Sophia Tornetta, in the 52nd minute. Two minutes later, Bacskai assisted on MaryKate Neff’s goal off a rebound to put Princeton (3-2) ahead for good. Despite generating two consecutive penalty corners in the final six minutes, the Blue Devils were unable to find the back of the net. “We are learning,” Bustin told GoDuke. com. “We are going to look at it, come together as a team, talk about it and grow from it. Our leaders are really learning quickly, and our more inexperienced players are getting the experience. It can only be better for us as we move from day to day.” Duke got on the board first late in the opening half, with Margaux Paolino scoring off a Rose Tynan pass into the circle. Despite four shots in the period to the Tigers’ three, Paolino’s strike was the only tally of the first half. However, Princeton responded in the opening minutes of the second, with Clara Roth finishing a one-on-one opportunity against Sammi Steele following a deep pass. Although the Blue Devils answered with a Tynan backhand goal from the left side just 18 seconds later, they
were doomed by the three-minute stretch that gave the Tigers the lead. “We tried to make adjustments and at times we did,” Bustin said. “But I think it just put a lot of pressure on our backfield to have that big ball get through. It became chaotic. They are very
fast and they run things down and created some chaos for our backfield. And they earned those corners from it.” Following the heartbreaking defeat that saw See FIELD HOCKEY on Page 9
Mary Helen Wood | Associate Photography Editor
Senior Rose Tynan scored three goals across two games this weekend.
MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 10, 2018 | 7
Duke defense puts on a clinic to smother Northwestern By Mitchell Gladstone Sports Features Editor
EVANSTON, Ill.—Mark Gilbert hobbled to the Ryan Field sidelines, unable to put any weight on his left leg. A few minutes later, the Blue Devil cornerback was carried out of the medical tent and onto a cart before being whisked off to the hospital. Gilbert’s injury left the Duke secondary barren—or so it seemed. With safety Jeremy McDuffie already out, the Blue Devils turned to a group featuring two redshirt freshmen, two sophomores and eight combined career starts. Those five, along with Duke’s front six, however, put together a defensive clinic, dominating Northwestern at the line of scrimmage Saturday and keeping the Wildcats off the scoreboard for almost 55 minutes to seal a Blue Devil win. “It’s hard when you see one of your own guys go down with an injury,” safety Michael Carter II said of losing Gilbert. “It seemed to be pretty serious when he didn’t come back, but at the end of the day, everybody’s got to be ready to go and everybody was ready to go today. They moved me out, moved Leonard in, and we kept balling.” Balling would certainly be an accurate description. Northwestern moved the ball into Duke territory on nine of its last 13 drives and each time, it ended in a punt, turnover or the end of a half. But it didn’t look like that was going to be the case from the opening kickoff. The Wildcats needed only 5:10 to put together a 79-yard touchdown drive that included a long scamper
Ian Jaffe | Special Projects Photography Editor
Michael Carter II nearly had a pick-six Saturday, but was ruled out of bounds on the play. from tailback Jeremy Larkin. Way too quickly, the hosts were quickly up 7-0 and the Blue Devils were on their heels. “[Northwestern] came out with a script, and they always have done that a little bit with us, got a feel for who they were,” head coach David Cutcliffe said. “I thought Coach Guerrieri and Coach Albert did a great job of adjusting, and we really got aggressive on defense. I don’t know if I’ve ever seen a defense play better than ours did in the second half. “We didn’t give up a point, so it’s hard to play much better than that.” Senior linebacker Ben Humphreys, who led the way with 15 tackles, took the blame for some of Duke’s early mistakes. He acknowledged, though, that it took a team effort to get things straightened back out.
“I’m really proud of the young guys that stepped up. For a lot of them, this is the first true road game of their careers and they did not play like it,” Humphreys said. “We just became that aggressive, attacking style of defense like we know we are.” Although the Wildcats piled up more than 300 yards the rest of the way, it was futile. Northwestern got into the red zone just once more and even then, it couldn’t capitalize, turning the ball over on downs. And sparking the Blue Devil offense was a pair of interceptions—the first coming when Carter stepped in front of a pass in Wildcat territory and the second on a ugly deep ball from Northwestern’s Clayton Thorson that floated right into the hands of safety Marquis Waters.
The very next play, quarterback Daniel Jones flung a 52-yard pass downfield to Johnathan Lloyd, who scored Duke’s second touchdown of the day to put the Blue Devils ahead for good. “It was a turning point,” Humphreys said. “We settled in like the way we should’ve the first possession, dug our heels in, and played like that the rest of the game.” A game ball certainly goes to Carter, who delivered the best showing of his career. The 5-foot-10 sophomore nearly took his pick to the house, but stepped just out of bounds on the Northwestern sideline. Without Gilbert for the rest of the year, Duke will need more of the same from Carter if its defense has plans of holding things down while Jones heals up. “It was kind of surreal,” Carter said. “I saw the ball come out and I was like, ‘This ball’s mine.’ [Defensive backs] coach [Derek] Jones really put into my head that once the ball’s in the air, I’ve got to become a receiver. It was a phenomenal feeling.” Through two games, the Blue Devils have held two FBS teams to an average of 10.5 points per game—a mark that would have been the best in the nation last season. Although there’s basically no chance they can sustain such a pace over the course of an entire season, it’s clear the pieces are there to make Duke one of the best defensive units in the ACC. “You get kind of shocked with a bit of adversity the entire game. The week’s been a little bit like that, so I can’t say enough for our coaches’ ability to adjust and our team’s ability to get better as it went on,” Cutcliffe said. “We did what we had to do to win.”
Early advantage the difference for Duke Sunday By Winston Lindqwister Sports Managing Editor
Although the Blue Devils have not dropped a match in more than two weeks, success hasn’t come easily to Duke. Periods of stagnation on offense have left the Blue Devils in matches that are sometimes too close for comfort, especially for a team gunning for an ACC title. No. 14 Duke took down Old Dominion 1-0 Sunday at Koskinen Stadium. Thanks to an early goal from senior Kayla McCoy, the Blue Devils nabbed a lead that they never relinquished. However, 0 an inability to find the ODU 1 back of the net kept the DUKE Monarchs in reach the full 90 minutes despite a largely ball-dominant performance from Duke. “It was a mixed bag,” Blue Devil head coach Robbie Church said. “I wasn’t happy with how we played the first half. I was a little surprised, but that’s on me as a head coach to make sure we’re ready to play. I thought we were. We scored a great goal early in the half, but sometimes that’s the worst thing that can happen.” Church’s squad snagged the lead in the third minute thanks to a quick push from McCoy. The Lincolnwood, Ill., native
cut down the sideline deep into Monarch territory and crossed to freshman Marykate McGuire. Although Old Dominion’s defenders managed to box McGuire out, the freshman forward found an opening to return the ball to McCoy. With just Monarch goalkeeper Jasmine Crawley between her and the back of the net, the Duke senior faked to the side and rocketed a shot to notch her second goal of the season. However, the Blue Devils (6-1-1) struggled to finish for the rest of the period. Although Old Dominion (2-3-2) gave up four penalty opportunities in the first half, Duke struggled to convert. One particularly close opportunity came in the 28th minute, when the Blue Devils pressed the counterattack deep into the other side of the field. Although sophomore Lily Nabet crossed to a wide-open Ella Stevens, the Duke junior over-anticipated the pass and ended up sliding the ball out of bounds. With 10 minutes left in the half, the Blue Devils turned up the pressure on the Monarchs’ backline, but Old Dominion held strong. In the 36th minute, McCoy drew a foul, setting the Blue Devils up in Monarch territory with a golden opportunity to score. However, a mistimed header popped the ball up, giving Crawley space to grab the shot out of the air. In the 43rd minute, McCoy tried for one
Ju Hyun Jeon | News Photography Editor
Kayla McCoy put the Blue Devils on the board early with a score in the opening minutes. more play to build a sufficient lead heading into the locker room, but the Old Dominion netminder read the attack perfectly and ensured the Blue Devils would stay within arm’s reach. “[Crawley] made some really great saves,” Church said. “I was very impressed with her. She made herself big and made some nice
saves with it. Right now we’re not finishing great, we’re just putting a bunch of balls toward goalkeepers. We’ve got to be a little bit more composed.” Coming out of the locker room, Duke instantly upped the pressure, matching the See W. SOCCER on Page 9
8 | MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 10, 2018
Blue Devils take 2 of 3 in Duke Invitational By Winston Lindqwister Sports Managing Editor
Although head coach Jolene Nagel is working with a squad of just one consistent veteran starter, Duke has finally begun to iron out some of the rougher parts of its play. And as the Blue Devils continue to build momentum through their nonconference schedule, Duke is showing that it could be a potent force in the ACC. The Blue Devils opened their first day of the annual Duke Invitational with back-to-back 3-0 sweeps of Cincinnati CINCY 0 (25-19, 25-16, 25-23) DUKE 3 and Coastal Carolina (25-23, 25-17, 25-22) 0 Friday at Cameron CCU Stadium. DUKE 3 Indoor Multiple members 3 of Nagel’s squad ETSU DUKE 1 stepped up to balance the offense, including redshirt junior Leah Meyer, who dominated the net, and sophomore Payton Schwantz, who provided several laser-accurate spikes. However, Duke’s winning streak came to an end Saturday thanks to an aggressive Eastern Tennessee State squad taking the final match of the tournament 3-1 (25-20, 19-25, 25-15, 27-25). “It’s really exciting when you have a team come in and do that and grow every time they step on the court,” Nagel said. “This team has taken that to heart and is really trying to do that every time we step out. I didn’t anticipate the day would be like this today—I knew these were strong opponents coming in—but
Natalie Lewis | Staff Photographer
Graduate student Andy Shelton’s leadership has been invaluable to the young Blue Devils’ six-game winning streak, which ended Saturday. I’m really pleased our team has taken it one point at a time and has really executed to put themselves in this position.” In Duke’s first match of the day, the Blue Devils cruised past the Bearcats (6-2) with ease. Schwantz contributed 12 kills in what would become one of Duke’s most efficient offensive performances of the season. The Blue Devils (63) hit for a season-high 39.8 percent and limited Cincinnati to sub-20 scores in the first two sets with a hitting percentage of just 19.2. Although the Bearcats mounted a close third set— knotting the frame up 20-20—contributions from Schwantz and freshman Lily Cooper helped the Blue Devils ease past their opponent
25-23 and close out the match. Even when faced with a long day of playing, the Blue Devils looked in control as they continued into their second match Friday. Nagel’s squad started off slow against the Chanticleers, with frequent errors on both sides of the net leading to neither team building up momentum. Although Coastal Carolina (1-6) opened the frame with a barrage of kills to take an early advantage, frequent Chanticleer service errors kept the Blue Devils within arm’s reach. Both teams struggled to take momentum, with runs regularly being undercut by back-to-back handling and net errors. In a set fraught by a total
of nine ties and six lead changes, Duke didn’t find much of an advantage until back-to-back service errors on the part of the Chanticleers put the Blue Devils up 23-19. Still, Duke struggled to close, letting the frame reach 24-23 before it finally put the set away. After working out most of the kinks in their first set, the Blue Devils turned to the second with a renewed intensity. Duke immediately rocketed out to a 5-0 start, forcing the Chanticleers to burn a timeout just three minutes into play. Although Coastal Carolina tried to mount runs to stay competitive, Cooper exploded with five kills and five blocks. Compared to their paltry 8.6 hitting percentage in the first set, the Blue Devils closed the second set hitting at a 31.2 clip. Duke cruised through the frame unhindered, never once relinquishing the lead. “We finally got our groove in,” Schwantz said. “That’s honestly all that really happens. We finally start picking up on their tendencies, we adapt better. That’s just how we flow usually.” In the final set, Coastal Carolina mounted a final effort to steal a set from the Blue Devils, but ultimately, Duke prevailed. The Chanticleers opened with an unanswered three straight kills, but the Blue Devils responded with a run of their own. From there, both teams traded runs until the frame was tied up at 22-22. A pair of attack errors on the part of the visiting team followed by a close kill from graduate student Andie Shelton pushed the Blue Devils over the edge to notch their third straight shutout. See VOLLEYBALL on Page 9
Duke falls in ACC opener, suffers first loss By Jason Atwood Associate Sports Editor
The second-ranked Blue Devils looked to remain undefeated in their ACC opener, however host Louisville had other ideas in mind. Duke suffered its first loss of the season Sunday afternoon, falling to No. 7 Louisville 3-0 on the road. Both teams battled through the rain, and despite an ugly first half from the DUKE 0 Blue Devils the match 3 remained close for UL most of the afternoon. However, the Cardinals eventually broke through the Duke defense, scoring three second half goals and walking away with the victory. “They’re a strong team and were bouncing back from a tough 3-0 loss at Kentucky so they were really up for the game,” head coach John Kerr said. “We were up for it too, but we weren’t as active as we need to be if we’re playing an ACC game away from home against a good team.” The Duke offense struggled enormously in the first half as it failed to get into a rhythm or put pressure on the Cardinal defense. The Blue Devils (3-1-0, 0-1-0 in the ACC) could only create one shot in the first 45 minutes, a strike from junior Max Moser that was easily secured by Louisville goalie Jake Gelnovatch. Although Louisville (3-1-0. 1-0-0) controlled
the first half, the Duke defense held firm, thwarting the most dangerous opportunities and only allowing one shot on goal. Center back Aedan Stanley was particularly impressive as the freshman blocked a pair of point-blank shots to keep the game scoreless going into halftime. “In the first half we certainly lacked energy and we weren’t at our best, even though it was 0-0,” Kerr said. “We came out more energetic in the second half and played better at times offensively, but didn’t take advantage of some of our good opportunities. There were a couple of missteps defensively that cost us and they took advantage to score the three goals.” The first of those missteps came in the 53rd minute when the Blue Devils surrendered possession in their own territory. Cardinal midfielder Adam Wilson proceeded to capitalize on the error as he broke through the Duke defense and fired a shot past goalkeeper Will Pulisic. Down 1-0, the Blue Devils finally felt the pressure and kicked up their intensity. An offensive surge led to multiple scoring opportunities deep in Louisville territory—Kevin Feucht’s header just cleared the bar, Issa Rayyan’s cross just missed Max Moser on the back post and Torbjorn Alseth’s strike in the 60th minute was merely inches away from finding the back of the net. Duke also earned multiple corners and free kicks but the ball didn’t bounce its way.
“We were pushing and probing and getting into good situations, but sometimes the delivery wasn’t good, or the run wasn’t on, or the finish wasn’t right,” Kerr said. “We had a couple opportunities around the goal on free kicks that were struck well but we didn’t put on target. And on another day if we get them on target and score even one goal, that would’ve given us even more momentum. It just wasn’t our day today.” To the Cardinals’ credit, their defense held firm against the Duke onslaught and they managed to maintain their slim lead. In the 78th minute, Duke’s defense had another mental lapse and Louisville added an insurance goal when Ziyad Fekri headed in a corner from his position near the back post. “The second goal was disappointing for me because it was a set play and we were in good positions but we couldn’t deal with the cross and
they scored,” Kerr said. “After that goal, we put our heads down a little bit.” Just four minutes later, Elijah Amo finished off a one-on-one opportunity to extend the lead to 3-0 and put the game away for good. “We have to be a little bit tougher, we’re going to make mistakes but we have to bounce back quickly,” Kerr said. “We did a little bit today after their first goal, and we were right in the game from kickoff but we were unlucky and couldn’t get the equalizer.” By the end of the match, Louisville had a 14-7 advantage in shots. Pulisic finished with three saves while Gelnovatch had just the one. The matchup against Louisville marked the first of three straight against ranked opponents for the Blue Devils. Duke returns home to face rival North Carolina on Friday with kickoff slated for 5 p.m. at Koskinen Stadium.
Henry Haggart | Sports Photography Editor
The Blue Devils did not back goalie Will Pulisic, who allowed three goals Sunday.
FIELD HOCKEY FROM PAGE 6 both teams even in shots and penalty corners at nine and four apiece, Duke had to regroup for a neutral site matchup against the Nittany Lions (3-2), who lost to Princeton 2-1 in doubleovertime earlier in the week. Penn State came out strong, with Anna Simon knocking in the first goal off a direct corner, assisted by Madison Morano and Katie Dembrowski in the 19th minute. Once again, however, the Blue Devils were able to quickly respond, with Tynan scoring her fifth goal of the season just five minutes later. Despite the two teams combining for 13 shots and seven penalty corners in the opening half, the score remained knotted at one heading into the break. “We are doing a great job on our attack penalty corners,” Bustin said. “We still can get better. Our timing and precision can be better but we are getting there. We have a lot of really strong options.” Just over six minutes into the second half, Jillian Wolgemuth scored her first goal of the season to break the tie off a direct corner assisted by Caroline Andretta and Paolino. Although Duke generated 10 shots in the half and four penalty corners, it held a tenacious one-goal lead until there were just under eight minutes left, when Andretta doubled the lead after drawing goalie Jenny Rizzo out of the cage after a Lily Posternak pass. Tynan scored her second goal of the game for good measure with less than a minute remaining to give the Blue Devils an insurmountable 4-1 advantage. “Our leadership overall was fantastic,” Bustin said. “From the way our leaders carried themselves to the way they set the tone for the rest of the team. You earn the win, but it was
also about the confidence that when we refocus, we can come together for the good of the team. We had really great moments of fantastic field hockey today.” Duke will stay on the road, opening ACC play against No. 10 Syracuse Friday. The Blue Devils will then return to Jack Katz Stadium Sunday for a nonconference contest against No. 15 St. Joseph’s before taking on rival No. 2 North Carolina in just less than two weeks.
MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 10, 2018 | 9
FROM PAGE 7
FROM PAGE 8
number of shots it took from the first period “One thing that Coach Fred talked to with three shots in the first 16 minutes. us today was making sure that we talked to In the 56th minute, the Blue Devils one another and let each other know what’s again set up a dangerous threat, but happening on the other side of the net,” Crawley held it together as Duke’s offense Meyer said. “We were communicating a lot, pressed forward. Nabet fed the ball to and once we got a couple it just kept going. Stevens, who immediately rocketed a shot It’s a game of momentum and that was really high to the right, but Old Dominion’s on our side today.” goalkeeper jumped for the save and killed Duke’s matchup against Coastal Carolina the Blue Devil attack. showed a degree of dominance at the net that Despite its shots not connecting, Duke had sometimes been lacking at earlier points continued a high-tempo attack against the in the season. The Blue Devils notched a Monarchs’ backline. At the 74th and 76th season-high 15.5 blocks, with Meyer leading minute, the Blue Devils earned corner kicks to the way with nine blocks and seven kills. put themselves in position to finally seal the “It’s business,” Meyer said. “Today was win. However, despite back-to-back attempts a long day and we really need to take care by Stevens to score, Duke could not find a way of our bodies tonight and be able to come past Old Dominion’s back line. back tomorrow in the right mindset and “The consistent part is what we’re prepare for tomorrow, watch some film. looking for more than anything else,” We’re excited.” Church said. “It’s every day out there. Unfortunately for the Blue Devils, the Some players play really well one night, concluding match of the Duke Invitational some players don’t play well at all the next cut the home team’s winning streak at six. night. We understand it’s different people, Although freshman Ade Owokoniran different roles. When we play at a high contributed 14 kills through Saturday’s level, we play at a very high level. We just contest, the Blue Devils were consistently have got to get to that high level and stay at outmatched by Eastern Tennessee State (8that high level.” 2). Thanks to double-digit performances Duke will kick off conference play on by Leah Clayton, AJ Lux and Kaela Massey, the road against Syracuse Sunday. the Buccaneers only dropped one set to “It’s our first ACC game, so obviously the Blue Devils after taking the first 25the mentality shifts, nonconference to 20. From there, ETSU rallied with an conference,” McCoy said. “Coming in, aggressive attacking scheme to give Duke we’re going to have to be a bit more its first loss since its season opener against competitive. When we go up in a game, we Brigham Young. have to be able to finish off a game quicker The Blue Devils will be back in action and haveThe a bitNew moreYork fightTimes and passion in us, Sales Wednesday, when they will return to Syndication Corporation 620 Eighth New York, N.Y. 10018to take on Elon. and if we do that, we’ll doAvenue, really well.” Cameron
FOOTBALL FROM PAGE 6 and make plays,” linebacker Ben Humphreys said. “Every day, we’re going to have depth on depth on depth, and it doesn’t matter who it is. These guys who are on the field are going to have to make plays. We flew around, we were the more physical team today.” Jeremy Larkin took control of the game at the outset and it looked like the sophomore might just have his way with Duke. After a rush of 40 yards that put the Wildcats deep in the red zone within the first five minutes, Larkin punched one to put the hosts up 7-0. After that, Northwestern found little offense—the Wildcats turned the ball over on downs four times and its quarterback duo of Clayton Thorson and TJ Green combined for only 31-of-56 passing. The Blue Devils will stay on the road next week as they visit Baylor. A win against the Bears would push Duke to 3-0 for the second time in as many seasons. “We look at ourselves, see what we did well, build on that,” Cutcliffe said. “Unfortunately, in two games, we’ve had a pretty tough toll, but our team got better and we did the things we had to do as a team to win.”
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Online subscriptions: Today’s puzzle and more than 7,000 past puzzles, nytimes.com/crosswords ($39.95 a year). Read about and comment on each puzzle: nytimes.com/wordplay.
T H E I N D E P E N D E N T D A I LY AT D U K E U N I V E R S I T Y
Blocking the ballot box
s early voting for the midterm elections draws near, North Carolina is struggling once again with continued legal battles over gerrymandering and claims of voter fraud, reflecting a larger voter suppression effort that is as frightening as it is familiar. Just last week, Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) subpoenaed the North Carolina Board of Elections for voting records, ostensibly to investigate illegal votes cast by non-citizens. This comes just after the District Court for the Middle District of North Carolina’s decision to retain the state’s electoral maps for the upcoming elections, regardless of its previous ruling that the maps were unconstitutional due to partisan gerrymandering. At the same time, the General Assembly—undeterred after a controversial 2013 voter ID law was struck down by an appellate court last year—has drafted a constitutional amendment mandating voters provide photo identification at the polls. The proposal, regardless of multiple legal challenges, will likely be on the ballot this fall. Though these developments are in many ways distinct, at the core of each issue is unquestionably an effort to erode a fundamental right of all American citizens: the right to vote. North Carolina’s gerrymandered districts intentionally suppress the votes and in turn the voices of those already disadvantaged while amplifying the voices of more privileged populations. Though only 53 percent of voters in 2016 cast their ballots for Republican
“Have you ever actually had a conversation with any of the students involved in the movement for change at Duke? This article is tone deaf at best.” —Jenna Mikayl on “‘Racism? Blame anything— except Duke,” published on September 7, 2018.
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candidates, ultimately 10 Republican representatives were elected to the General Assembly compared to only 3 Democrats. Even more troubling is the persistent myth of widespread voter fraud in North Carolina—a political strategy that is used again and again to justify voter ID laws that serve more often to disenfranchise vulnerable populations than to protect electoral integrity. While an investigation by the State Board of Elections found only one instance of in-person voter fraud out
Editorial Board of the nearly 4.8 million votes cast in North Carolina in 2016, the documented cases of harm stemming from self-styled ‘fraud prevention tactics’ such as voter ID laws are immense. Photo identification is not easily accessible for many poorer North Carolina residents a reality which disproportionately affects communities of color. In their decision ruling the 2013 North Carolina voter ID law unconstitutional, the 4th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals explicitly stated that such policies “target African Americans with almost surgical precision.” For populations without access or economic means to register for such identification documents in time, voter ID laws effectively mean that their voices will not be represented in the ballot come election time. The Board of Elections investigation also uncovered that, of the illegitimate ballots filed in 2016, 87 percent were votes cast by felons, who are prohibited from voting while in prison, on probation or on parole under North Carolina law. For those on probation or parole, who are oftentimes unaware of the ban, practicing their
LOVE FROM PAGE 1 to choosing optimal toilets at music festivals. And now the power of optimal stopping theory is going to help you find the perfect partner at Duke. It works in two phases. During the first phase, call it the rejection phase, you cannot fall in love. Always keep track of the best person you’ve met, but it is imperative that you keep moving. For the first 37 percent of your time at Duke—500.2 days—your only goal is to establish your baseline. You can have flings, go on dates and swipe on Tinder, but you cannot fall in love. No matter
right to vote will unfortunately come with yet another felony charge and reincarceration. For the sake of the census used to draw electoral districts and distribute representatives, those with criminal histories are equal to those without. Yet, in states across the country, felons are denied their right to participate in electing those same representatives or in shaping the policies that directly affect their lives and communities. In all of these cases, it is impossible to separate the clear marginalization of vulnerable peoples and communities from the deep history of disenfranchisement in the region. The legacy of poll taxes, literacy tests, property laws and lengthy residency requirements that all but erased minority voters from Southern states in the aftermath of Reconstruction can be felt in the present-day proposals. In the place of Jim-Crow era voting restrictions, some North Carolina legislators have endeavored to deter certain populations from the ballot, whether it be through arbitrary accusations of “voter fraud” or through an unnecessary voter ID requirement. Even student populations in the state—as a result of their often unclear residency status—can find themselves uniquely vulnerable to accusations of fraud. These issues represent incredibly complex legal challenges that will continue to wreak havoc on voting populations beyond this November. For those who stand for egalitarian voting practices in a state that continues to discourage certain peoples from voting, we must come together at the ballot box this coming November. By electing politicians who share our values, we can effect change, and protect the constitutional rights of those whose voting rights are currently threatened by arbitrary acts of political malice. partner. At this point, you need only convince them to date you—which is coincidentally where optimal stopping theory and I run out of advice. Sure, this method does not come without risks. For example, in the commitment phase, you may not find someone better than the best person you’ve discarded during the rejection phase. In this case, you’ll have to try again out in the wild of the real world or try to return to them and explain your miscalculation. Worse still, citing rigorous mathematics for your break-up may get you into some trouble during your first 500.2 days at Duke. On the other hand, I could not cook up a more quintessentially Duke reason for ending a relationship.
Luke Farrell COLUMNIST how intelligent, compatible or great of an investment banker you think they may be, you must leave them behind during the rejection phase. You must resist the urge of love until Thursday, January 3rd, 2020 around 4:48 AM, just before the start of your sophomore spring. That’s when you’ll enter phase two. During this second phase, call it the commitment phase, your strategy is simple: continue to play the field until you find the first person who is better than the best person you met during the 500.2 days of the rejection phase. This lucky contestant has the highest probability, out of everyone that came before them and may come after them, of being your optimal Duke
Despite all its potential pitfalls, this method for finding love is the best we have to work with—so first-years, don’t fall in love. In some ways this advice may match the conventional wisdom, and in others, its operationalization may seem impractical. But, I hope that aside from its practicality, this bit about the mathematics of love may persuade you to have a bit more love for mathematics. Luke Farrell is a Trinity senior and requests that you don’t cite him when working through your rejection phase. His column, By The Numbers, runs biweekly on Thursdays.
The Chronicle is published by the Duke Student Publishing Company, Inc., a non-profit corporation independent of Duke University. The opinions expressed in this newspaper are not necessarily those of Duke University, its students, faculty, staff, administration or trustees. Unsigned editorials represent the majority view of the editorial board. Columns, letters and cartoons represent the views of the authors. To reach the Editorial Office at 301 Flowers Building, call 684-2663 or fax 684-4696. To reach the Business Office at 1517 Hull Avenue call 684-3811. To reach the Advertising Office at 2022 Campus Drive call 684-3811. One copy per person; additional copies may be purchased for .25 at The Chronicle Business office at the address above. @ 2018 Duke Student Publishing Company
Luke Farrell | Contributing Graphic Designer
Racism? Blame anything — except Duke
uke is a hot spot in this September—not because of the temperature (which tends to make people chill, by the way)—but because of pressing controversies. Racist epithets written on the wall. The case to rename Carr. For students armed with a firm sense of social justice, these events are more than capable of riling up the hardest
shoulders at every moment. Those who commit racist acts should still be punished, of course. But because the incidents are random in nature, a non-standardized policy would serve the purpose much, much better, since the perpetrator is likely a student like the rest of us, and because every case is different. A racist joke made carelessly should not be equated to vicious, orchestrated
’m usually not a confrontational person. Honestly, most interpersonal communication kind of terrifies me, and I will go to great lengths to avoid it (hence the existence of this column). While I don’t use my column to air my personal grievances, if there’s something I think people should know, I won’t hesitate to write about it (my column on the superiority of Vondy iced coffee is forthcoming). A recent opinion column ran in the Chronicle that claimed characterizing Duke as racist was irresponsible and disrespectful to its students. While I’m all for a good argument
COLUMNIST nerves. Hosts of upperclassmen descend upon the site to deliver a grand protest to the befuddled freshmen, demanding that Carr be renamed. Activists bombard the admin with letters of complaints about the epithets. As voices of protest grow louder, the claim that “Duke is racist” for allegedly failing to fully satisfy the activists’ demands becomes more and more visible. Unfortunately, they have the wrong guy. Yes, the epithets are racist. No, Duke is not. Racist incidents like this have happened in the past: hanging a noose from a tree at Bryan Center, the n-word on the door at 300 Swift, etc. These occurrences are isolated in nature. There was no sign of organizational conspiracy on the university’s behalf to produce incidents such as these. The culprits are all random individuals out of the blue. To claim Duke is racist because of a few bad apples is immense disrespect to anyone who is a part of Duke, which includes the student body that the activists are a part of. The university, moreover, never sanctions such actions. Some activists think since Duke doesn’t have a standardized policy to punish the individuals committing these acts, it is condoning racist events. Such assumption is whimsically arbitrary at best. First, who is going to say what constitutes “racist” speech or acts? Is Duke supposed to employ a specialized police force to track down and purge? What if it deems the blue devil racist? The Chapel? Students’ Facebook posts? A witch hunt would most likely do more unforeseeable damage to the unity of the student body than good, as everyone would have look over their
Racism? Blame Duke
Roy Cao attacks on the presence of students of color on campus. Even if there is a standardized policy in place, who is to say what punishment should be accorded to whom? Yes, Julian Carr was a racist. No, Duke is not. I do not defend keeping his name on the building, but the claim that Duke is racist because of the building is outright ridiculous. Carr lived at a time when racism was prevalent and an accepted norm in America. He was a known white supremacist and, sadly, it was morally acceptable to be that way at his time. Taking his donations, however, does not constitute an act of racism. It does not discriminate against racial minorities. It would be reasonable to think that Duke would name a building after him at the time the donations took place. Personally, I like to keep everything in their original shapes. We should examine people in their historical context instead of looking at them through revisionist lens. After all, even Abraham Lincoln thought the abolition of slavery might be unnecessary if the Union could be preserved without it, but if the activists want to rename Lincoln Memorial due to this racist view, who are we to say nay? Heaping blame on Duke as a whole because of past legacy or a few outlandish individuals is irresponsible stereotyping. It lacks the critical thinking required to find the root cause behind racist incidents and, most importantly— It has no chill. Roy Cao is a Trinity junior. His column runs on alternate Fridays.
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and entertaining views that directly contradict my own, this claim is far too irresponsible to avoid addressing head-on. Duke is racist. Denying this fact is willfully ignorant at best and incredibly dangerous at worst. Higher education is intrinsically racist— it was created as a specific means to reinforce the hegemony of slave owners and perpetuate the socioeconomic superiority of the white upper class. By catering to wealthy families who could pay tuition, educating their children, and creating academic justifications for slavery, universities were one of the primary means by which white slave owners maintained their power in society. After the Civil War, these hallowed institutions maintained their elitism by continuing to deny education to anyone who was not a middle-to-upper class white man. For centuries, and arguably still today, the university was the institution serving as the gateway to the upper class. While attending college is no longer a guarantee of economic or social success, universities such as Duke remain riddled with privilege and reminders of their not-so-morally-upright beginnings. Unfortunately, we cannot ignore the racism of the past. Recognizing the ways in which Duke perpetuates racism is not “irresponsible stereotyping,” it’s refusal to accept a narrative that seeks to minimize Duke’s responsibility for racial trauma and tension. The root cause of racist incidents is racism—this conclusion requires no “critical thinking.” However, it is worth examining more deeply how Duke’s lack of an institutional backbone and culture of unchecked privilege that makes campus a place where individuals know they can commit racist acts without fear of consequences. Duke is racist, but not simply because Julian Carr’s
name still crowns a building on East Campus. Duke is racist because of the institutional and everyday actions it allows to go unpunished. While a racist joke made “carelessly” might seem like something that is only momentarily uncomfortable and not a “vicious orchestrated attack” on students of color, every racist incident, whether it is a Snapchat story or a racial slur scrawled on a wall, sends the message to students of color that they are not welcome on Duke’s campus. It reminds them that higher education was a space that was unavailable to them for centuries, and even now, institutions do little to affect the racial wealth gap that is entrenched in the American economic system. It reminds them that there are people on this campus who would rather demoralize African-Americans students than recognize the countless Black individuals who have positively impacted Duke. To me, and hopefully most people with a relatively sound moral compass, this is vicious. These incidents are attacks designed to provoke fear. And Duke administration allows the perpetrators of these crimes to walk free with nothing more than a slap on the wrist. There may not be an “organizational conspiracy” to manufacture racist incidents on campus, as the author of this column claims. However, Duke’s inaction on removing markers of white supremacy from campus and allowing racism in its student body to go unpunished is indicative enough of its permissive attitude towards racism. The fact that these incidents occur on a regular basis is even more telling. Are they truly ‘isolated’ or ‘random’ if they happen every semester? The argument that Duke’s diverse student body can miraculously eradicate Duke’s racist past and present, frankly, is bullsh*t. The argument that Duke’s racism is in the past and not worth criticizing the university for, is equally ridiculous. Claiming that Duke is racist by no means disrespects Duke students. Instead, it serves as a call for students who care deeply about their university to critically reflect and work to make it better. It is a reminder of where we come from as an institution and just how far we have to go to move from a Duke for some to a Duke for all. As Duke students and community members, we must work to make this campus a place where individuals of all races feel safe, welcome, and valued. We must address both the toxic legacy of racism entwined in Duke’s history and the racism that still clouds our campus in order to move forward as a community. Even someone like me can tell it’s an issue worth confronting. Ann Gehan is a Trinity sophomore. Her column runs on alternate Mondays.
Dan Garcia | Staff Photographer The name of the Carr building has opened up debate over whether or not Duke is responsible for incidents of campus racial hate.
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IN MEMORIAM “Today we pause to remember those lives that were tragically lost on September 11, including six Duke alumni and many members of the extended university family. In their memory, we also recommit to doing Duke’s part to build a more just, inclusive, and compassionate world.” - Vincent E. Price, President, Duke University
On September 11, 2002, Duke University dedicated a Memorial Grove of six trees in Keohane Quadrangle to honor the alumni who lost their lives on September 11, 2001. Today, on the 17th anniversary of this tragedy, we will lay a wreath in the Memorial Grove to remember these alumni:
J. Robinson “Rob” Lenoir ’84 Peter Ortale ’87 Christopher Todd Pittman ’93 A. Todd Rancke ’81 Frederick C. Rimmele III M.D.’94 Michael Morgan Taylor ’81 Please join us today to pause and reflect on these members of the Duke family.