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The Chronicle T H E I N D E P E N D E N T D A I LY AT D U K E U N I V E R S I T Y




Slurs, threats discovered under East Campus bridge Claire Ballentine The Chronicle Several racial slurs were found spraypainted under the East Campus bridge Sunday. Alec Greenwald—director of academic engagement, global and civic opportunities and advisor for Duke’s NAACP chapter— discovered the hate speech around 1 p.m. before an event hosted by the NAACP, Asian Student Association and Mi Gente during which students planned to paint the bridge with their reasons for voting this election. The groups decided to paint their messages over the slurs, which targeted the black, LGBTQ+ and Jewish communities. “I said to students ‘it might be good to paint over this area,’” Greenwald said. He later notified Lisa Beth Bergene, associate dean for East Campus, who filed an incident report. Michael Schoenfeld, vice president for public affairs and government relations, explained in an email that the University was notified of the graffiti after it had been painted over. “We deplore in the strongest possible terms these cowardly and offensive acts,” Schoenfeld wrote. “To be clear, blatantly hateful, racist, homophobic and anti-semitic graffiti has no place and no protection on campus, period.” Greenwald first found the hate speech when he arrived early to the event with his sixyear-old and 10-year-old kids, who wanted to read the messages under the bridge. He said that many students did not see the messages, but those who did felt empowered by their ability to immediately erase the graffiti. “[The attitude was], ‘This is awful, this is horrible, we don’t stand for this and we don’t have to stand for this right now,’” Greenwald said. Edgeri Hudlin, the Duke NAACP political action co-chair and one of the coordinators of the event, noted although finding the hate speech was frustrating and upsetting, the groups were able to replace the cruel words with their own positive sentiments, which he called “poetic justice.” “Even though it was discouraging, it was kind of fitting that we covered it up and replace it

Jim Liu | The Chronicle The racial, homophobic and anti-Semitic slurs were found Sunday afternoon under the East Campus bridge but have since been painted over.

with statements by people of color,” he said. Hudlin described another incident that occurred when the event was winding down. As his back was turned to the wall, a young woman that he did not know painted “stop liberals” over a portion of what the groups had written under the bridge. “It was sad to see an entire event around people voicing what they are passionate about, and she came to eliminate an entire section of the population,” he said. He also emphasized the importance of making sure that occurrences such as these do not go unnoticed. “Universitites should be a place where all its attendees feel comfortable, and if we don’t condem those things, what are we saying to those marginalized groups?” Hudlin said. Greenwald noted that he has no way of knowing who painted the slurs, as the East Campus bridge is accessible to anyone in the Duke and Durham community. The graffiti follows several incidents of hate speech on Duke’s campus. In October 2015, a Black Lives Matter flyer in White Lecture Hall was vandalized with racial slurs, and a death threat against a first-year student including a homophobic slur was written in an East Residence Hall in November 2015.

Opinion: Owning our bridge Sabriyya Pate The Chronicle For many members of minority communities, as horrific as these slurs may be, the existence of such anti-Semitic, homophobic and racist language is not of tremendous surprise. Notably, these spray painted slurs are only the latest in a trend of racial slurs found across campus. Last fall, a Black Lives Matter poster promoting a talk by Patrisse Cullors, a co-founder of the #BlackLivesMatter movement, was defaced in White Lecture Hall. In November, a death threat tied to a homophobic slur was found on a whiteboard in an East Residence Hall. As expressed by Duke NAACP in an email statement: “The hate speech covering the graffiti wall was unfortunate, but perhaps more unfortunate was that the existence of the slurs was genuinely unsurprising to many of the students present. Racism and homophobia are not relics of an ancient and forgotten America—or Duke, for that matter—that has since been cleansed of imperfection with time.

They are instead inevitable in the experience of many of the students on this campus. Extreme examples such as this only serve to remind us of the work that remains to be done in ensuring that members of our community feel safe during their earned pursuit of academic excellence.” This election season, racially-motivated comments have spurred violence as close to the university as in Fayetteville, where a Donald Trump supporter sucker-punched a black protester. Importantly, although the vile language of certain political leaders may be easy to identify, the true devastation occurs with the bigotry that pervades our society—Sunday’s tunnel messages are only yet another example. Coincidentally, these messages were found merely hours after a firebomb went off at a GOP office in Hillsborough. “Nazi Republicans leave town or else” and a swastika were found spray-painted on a nearby building. The racist, xenophobic and anti-Semitic See BRIDGE on Page 4


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Who will control the Senate? Duke professors weigh in Likhitha Butchireddygari The Chronicle While some pundits remain fascinated with the presidential election, others have turned their eyes to the Senate. In November, Democrats have 10 seats up for election, and Republicans are defending 24 seats. Many of these races are not competitive. Democrats have greater than a 90 percent chance of winning the Senate seats in ten states: California, Vermont, New York, Hawaii, Maryland, Connecticut, Oregon, Washington, Colorado and Illinois, according to The Upshot. Republicans have at least an 89 percent chance of winning the Senate races in 16 races: Louisiana, Kentucky, Ohio, Arizona, Arkansas, Iowa, Idaho, Alaska, Alabama, South Dakota, Oklahoma, Georgia, Kansas, North Dakota, Utah and South Carolina. This leaves eight states with competitive Senate races: Wisconsin, Indiana, Pennsylvania, New Hampshire, Nevada, North Carolina, Missouri and Florida. Democratic hopes of retaking the Senate rest on winning at least four of these races if Clinton becomes president— because the vice president breaks ties in the Senate—and five if she loses. Likewise, Republican chances hinge on holding Democrats to fewer than four gains. David Rohde, Ernestine Friedl professor of political science, noted that the closest races will probably be Pennsylvania and New Hampshire and that Illinois and Wisconsin are the seats most likely to switch parties. Dean Lacy—chair of the department of government at Dartmouth College and a 1994 Ph.D. graduate of Duke—also said that New Hampshire will be one of the tightest elections. “There are a lot of registered independents,

Allen Qiu | The Chronicle

more independents than Democrats or Republicans,” he said. “[Incumbent Republican Senator Kelly Ayotte] has done a good job positioning herself as a moderate, especially on social issues. She’s also running against a popular Democratic incumbent governor with a lot of statewide name recognition. It’s a tight race. It is really a tight race. I could make a prediction really either way.” As Democratic chances of taking Senate seats in Florida and Ohio have faded, some previously quiet races have emerged as potential targets. Missouri’s Democratic candidate, Jason Kander, is one such example. Even so, Republicans are favored in Missouri, according to FiveThirtyEight. Timothy Lomperis—Ph.D. ‘81 and now professor emeritus of political science at

Saint Louis University—noted in an email that the Republican candidate Roy Blunt will likely win. “[Blunt] and Claire McCaskill (D-MO) are both moderates in their parties, and have broad enough electoral coalitions to have the advantage of incumbency,” he wrote. “Blunt, unlike Trump, does not have ‘foot in the mouth’ disease, so is unlikely to do anything to lose the advantage of Missouri’s essential redness.” Races where a Republican incumbent is likely to lose reelection could flip the Senate to the Democrats. In Illinois, Sen. Mark Kirk, the Republican incumbent, is running against Tammy Duckworth, U.S. representative. FiveThirtyEight reports that Duckworth has a 90 percent chance of winning the race. “Tammy Duckworth is the likely winner,”

said Bill Bernhard, Ph.D. ‘96 and associate provost for faculty development at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. “She is a decorated war hero. In a heavily Democratic state, she can count on the support of the party organization and loyal party voters to carry her through. The polls have her with a comfortable lead. It is hard to imagine that Mark Kirk will benefit from the turmoil in the GOP—he would need a huge turnout downstate and with the party in disarray. That is unlikely.” In North Carolina, Rohde said that the race is “closer than anyone expected it to be.” He explained that Republican incumbent Sen. Richard Burr is facing a problem in that he is not very visible or well known to the electorate. FiveThirtyEight has Democratic challenger Deborah Ross with a 50.1 percent chance of winning the race. According to The Upshot, Democrats have a 58 percent chance of winning the Senate overall. Rohde explained that he thinks it is still hard to say whether the Senate will flip but noted that Democrats have some advantages working for them such as a number of races becoming more competitive for Republicans during the last month. “Democrats have more options to get the seats they need,” he said. However, John Aldrich, Pfizer-Pratt University professor of political science, noted that neither presidential candidate stands a very good chance of working well with the current Senate or the new one. “It’s going to take, I think, changing the way the House and the Senate govern themselves and perhaps, electoral reforms that change how our campaigns are run,” he said. “It’s not something that the presidential administration can do much about.”



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Leaked Clinton chairman Mock election debate pits students against each other emails provide Duke insights Jaime Gordon The Chronicle Students from a political science course engaged in a mock presidential debate Tuesday. The class—a senior seminar on security, peace and conflict—focuses on the role of foreign policy in the 2016 election. Peter Feaver, the class’s instructor and professor of political science and public policy, said that for the event, the class was split into two groups, one role-playing as campaign representatives for Democratic presidential nominee Hillary Clinton and the other for Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump. The students had to argue each side’s policies and always refer to the candidates in third-

Neal Vaidya | The Chronicle Students were split into two groups for either Clinton or Trump and argued their policies.

person. Feaver noted that if he was aware of a student’s political leanings, he tried to assign them to the opposite party’s team. “It helps them with empathy,” Feaver said. “I think there’s a huge empathy gap in American politics today. Forcing students to think in the [mindset] of a candidate or platform they might not agree with and understand the logic that leads someone to that position is a learning experience that will stand them in good stead.” The debate touched on topics including women in the military, no-fly zones, Syria, refugees, Islamic terrorism and North Korea. On the topic of ISIS, the Trump team suggested employing American ground troops, while the Clinton group argued for a “deepened commitment to long-term solutions.” Similarly, on the subject of North Korea, the Clinton team advocated extending sanctions, to which the Trump team countered that the existing sanctions have loopholes and subsequently called for “better alliances.” Later, the Trump team said that an influx of refugees would lead to increased ISIS presence in the United States. The Clinton camp retorted that no refugees have executed a terrorist attack since 9/11 and speculated that lone wolf attacks might be inspired by Trump’s hateful rhetoric. In a lightning round, a question was posed to both teams, and they were each given 30 seconds to answer. Though both sides agreed on several issues, they were sharply divided on the subjects of closing the Guantanamo Bay prison, detaining individuals without reading See DEBATE on Page 4

Courtesy of Duke Photography Richard Riddell noted that he does not think email is a secure way to communicate.

Lexi Kadis The Chronicle Duke is mentioned frequently in the hacked emails of John Podesta, Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Clinton’s campaign chairman. Since the initial release last week, WikiLeaks has published 17,150 of Podesta’s emails, mostly from 2015 and 2016. As chairman of the Clinton campaign and President Bill Clinton’s former chief of staff, Podesta was privy to information about the Clinton’s private and public affairs and weighed in on strategy discussions. In a review of released emails, here are two of the most interesting references to Duke University, alumni and affiliates.

1. Richard Riddell Richard Riddell, who serves as vice president and university secretary at Duke, is also the chair of the Knox College Board of Trustees, of which Podesta is a trustee emeritus. The WikiLeaks release included several emails that Riddell sent from his Duke email account to the Knox College Board of Trustees, including Podesta, about the board’s proceedings and meeting summaries. “I check my Duke account constantly, so it’s more likely that I’ll see it if [the Board of Trustees] write[s] me at my Duke account,” Riddell explained when asked why he used his Duke email address in the correspondence. Although Riddell noted that his emails did not contain sensitive information, he added that email has become an unreliable means of communicating. ���You don’t like it, it wasn’t meant to be made public, it was meant for the people that received that email. You’d prefer that that’s the way it stayed, but clearly that didn’t happen, so you deal with it,” he said. “Email is a way of communicating that’s very convenient, but clearly not the most secure way of communicating.” 2. John Harwood John Harwood, Trinity ’78 and former staff member at The Chronicle, is chief Washington Correspondent for CNBC and a contributor to The New York Times. He emailed Podesta numerous times with requests to interview Clinton. “I want to interview HRC about her plans for the economy,” Harwood wrote in a See EMAILS on Page 4

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BRIDGE from page 1 rhetoric of “leaders” such as Trump are only reflections of the insecurities and angst felt by certain members of the American population—to disregard his remarks as is to discount the experiences of the millions of Americans who continually encounter and endure microaggressions, verbal assault and physical violence as a result of bigotry. In previous situations such as this, Duke’s activists have chosen to express solidarity by organizing peaceful protests and gatherings to shine light on these issues. However, with protests and Chapel gatherings becoming as ubiquitous as ever, it is important that the severity of this specific verbal assault not be droned out or limited by the fatigue or complacency some may find it easier to adopt. Although the identity of the culprit remains unknown, the handwriting appears to be uniform across all three phrases, suggesting a sole individual might be responsible. Conjecture on the identity of the offender need not consume the campuswide discussions on the writing in the tunnel—after all, culpability is an abstract construct.

The top priority should be to ensure that the affected communities feel as supported and safe as possible. Ultimately, the words written on the tunnel represent what one could safely characterize as a death threat to Jewish students on campus, although no police judgements to that extent have been made. This individual, who chose to use an ethnic slur popular in Nazi Germany to reference Jewish people, evoked the phrase “gas the k***s,” an evil tribute to one of the most inhumane genocides in history, which occurred less than 100 years ago. Now more than ever is the time for students of all backgrounds to step up to the plate in going beyond expressions of solidarity and depthless social media statuses. It is time now to act on internal drives for equality, rather than pretending that simply acknowledging the marginalization of certain demographics is enough. Instead of succumbing to the now highly-politicized rhetoric of safe spaces, we must challenge ourselves to make room for healing, while also looking for solutions to end bigotry on campus if not worldwide; the menacing forces that breed individuals who are capable of making such heinous statements on our Campus Drive stretch beyond the campus limits. That does not, however, mean to suggest that efforts be unsubstantial.


The true tragedy that may unfold again with discussions over safe spaces will concern how these environments have come to be framed. It is quite ill-fated that we distinguish between safe spaces and non-safe spaces when the true problem here must be defined as a matter between safe versus unsafe spaces. Though at this time a definite relationship between the threats and the group from Duke NAACP that found them remains unknown, the symbolism of the ordeal is to be noted. Time will tell if and how the administration will respond to and act upon these new developments. It remains unclear how the task force on bias and hate issues’ recommendations from May have influenced the university campus culture. In the long run, the only way to demonstrate veritable commitment to this issue is through action; the institutional authority remains in the hands of the administration, as well as with the student leaders who will command action. Irrespectively, from our classrooms to our residential communities and between our administrators and students, we must all remind ourselves and one another of the standards we hold ourselves accountable to. Sunday’s tunnel graffiti is an overt manifestation of hateful beliefs and actions that underlie the experiences of far too many; the slurs and attacks represent an assault to the entire Duke University community. Although paint was used to cover up this hateful language, the hallowing corruption of morality need remain potently clear and palpable for the time being. Our immediate condemnation and proactivity is imperative. Sabriyya Pate is a Trinity sophomore. Her column, “in formation,” typically runs on alternate Mondays.

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their Miranda rights and the controversy surrounding the German chancellor Angela Merkel’s phone calls. Seniors John McMichael and Chase Moyle, both members of the Trump team, said that their team began constructing their arguments at the beginning of the school year. “It was difficult trying to say a lot working with so little, coming from our side in particular,” McMichael said. Moyle noted that he and others in the class hoped to focus more on specific policy issues and express the specific positions of each candidate. “I think the challenge was trying to go above what we see in some of the debates with Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton,” Moyle said. “They’re obviously both very smart people, but they don’t have the chance to get all of their information out, so we were trying to do that with this debate.” Members of the Clinton team—seniors Kevin Lewallyn, Danielle Ives and John Guarco—echoed the Trump team’s sentiments about the level of preparation they felt was required for the event. “I think part of the challenge is the more you dig into these issues, the more you realize how much you don’t know,” Ives said. Students agreed that their classroom debate was more enlightening and engaging than simply watching a televised debate. “Here we actually dealt with the substantive issues of the day instead of going back-and-forth bickering and name-calling,” Guarco said. Feaver agreed with the sentiment and noted that the public nature of the event may have contributed to the students’ passion and interest. “When you know you’re going to be graded on it in a public setting with friends watching, it raises the stakes a little bit,” he said.

EMAILS from page 3 March 3, 2015 email to Podesta. “With me, it will be the kind of substantive, deep, textured conversation about the economy she wants,” he wrote in another email sent Nov. 24, 2015. Almost nine months later, Harwood again inquired about interviewing Clinton in email titled “btw…” sent to Podesta in August. Besides interview requests, other emails between Harwood and Podesta reveal more casual correspondence. “Btw congrats on climate deal that you had a lot to do with,” wrote Harwood in an email congratulating Podesta on the 2015 Paris Climate Accord. “Get together for coffee or a beer in Brooklyn on Thurs afternoon?” asked Harwood in the subject line of an email sent Jan. 4, 2016. However, Podesta’s staff were wary of Harwood’s friendly request; they noted in other communications that they still suspected Harwood was trying to secure an interview with Clinton. Harwood could not be reached for comment in time for publication. This article has been condensed for print. The full version can be found online.


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OCTOBER 19, 2016

Junot Díaz visits Duke

Díaz gives advice to prospective writers, page 9

Hoof ‘n’ Horn’s ‘Sweeney Todd’ Go to Recess online for our photo essay

Department Of kicks off its second year Publication provides satirical insight on Duke culture, page 7

R recess editors If you were a cookie what would you be? Dillon Fernando ......................... oreo Christy Kuesel ............. GINGERBREAD Aditya Joshi ................................ raw Alex Griffith .......................Chips Ahoy Kirby Wilson .......................Toll House Jessica Williams ......... cowboy cookie Georgina Del Vecho..................sugah Tim Campbell ..................... pirouettes Drew Haskins ...pumpkin spice milano

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I rarely laugh out loud and actually mean it. No, it’s not because I think I have a holier-than-thou sense of humor, where I shun anything that’s not up to my comedic standards. (But I do think bad puns are just as egregious as war crimes.) So-called friends would describe my sense of humor as crude, brash, vulgar, and drumroll...unfunny. But I think if the people in your life choose to have you around and tolerate your reliable joke bombing, then that’s true friendship—or you’ve paid them well. See what I mean? More often than not, I will laugh— more like a controlled giggle—as a courtesy to acknowledge something someone says that I genuinely believe is funny. Just because I can’t say funny things doesn’t mean that I can’t perceive when something is funny. I’ve learned if you don’t respond with anything other than a light-hearted smile when someone tells a decent joke, people think you’re no fun, are judging their sense of humor and them as a person, and are a part-time a$$h**e. Nothing is a greater slap in the face to someone than if they attempt to tell a joke, and it’s met with just silence. I’d rather just feign the laughter. As I’ve found throughout the first 20 years of my life, it turns out that there are three things that free me from my laughter muzzle: 1) really esoteric, uncomfortable and ironic situations 2) really quirky noises 3) Joan Rivers. When I tell most people that my favorite comic is Joan Rivers, they often respond with confusion. Most of that confusion is “who is Joan Rivers,” but for those who are familiar with the sharp-witted, biting comedienne are surprised that I could adore someone whose repertoire of oneliners rely heavily on insult comedy. For the uninformed, Joan Rivers was a comic who got a big break into the

industry in the early 1950s and 60s. After Johnny Carson told her on national television she was going to be a star, her career sky-rocketed. Her early style of comedy satirized the social expectations and double standards for women during her time. At that point, her jokes were shocking because she was saying things that people were thinking, but never had the guts to say or even think to say in a hilarious way. One of my favorite quips of hers was when she was telling Carson about how looks matter in life. Carson suggests “don’t you think men like intelligence in a woman,” setting up the perfect premise. Joan snatches the opportunity and uses

editor’s note her persona’s fervent disgust to reply “No man has ever reached up a woman’s dress looking for a library card.” The audience, Carson, me, dead. Joan went on to be the permanent guest host of the Carson iteration of “The Tonight Show,” be the first woman to host her own late night show on a major network, reinvent herself on the red carpet after a dive in her career, and come back roaring as a presence on TV with a multitude of reality shows and talk shows including the much acclaimed “Fashion Police.” Who else when discussing Paris Hilton’s white dress could say,”That’s a lot of white on Paris. First time I meant fabric.” My infatuation with Joan started when she appeared on the “Celebrity Apprentice.” The show was the one thing

on television my mother and I couldn’t get enough of and it didn’t hurt that it was the only show on TV we could stand to watch together. Joan, as always, was open and spoke her mind against the other contestants that season, particularly poker player Annie Duke, who Joan believed was manipulative and had plotted against Joan’s daughter Melissa during the competition. My mother and I would turn and look at each other, both mouthing “OH,” as Joan, in her raspy New York accent, compared Duke to Hitler and ranted “you’re a po-ka pla-yah, a po-ka pla-yah” among a slew of other insults was shocking to hear, but delectable to watch. Who was this woman that was so bold to stand up for what she believed in, so brashly, all in the name of defending her daughter? It was something that I, watching the show with my own mother, could thoroughly relate to and see the humanity in Joan’s frustrations. She showed a courageous boldness that I wonder if my own mother would have shown for me. The answer is no. While Joan made fun of everyone and everything, she was the person she made fun of the most. She joked about her selfesteem issues, her plastic surgery saying, “My grandson, every time he sees me, calls me Nana Newface,” and her husband’s suicide. Nothing was off limits, and when she made fun of herself, she took away the power from people who criticized her for her looks, her comedy, whatever—Joan was already saying it, in a much funnier way. That’s the reason Joan Rivers makes me laugh, every time I watch an old YouTube clip of hers. Her sharp wit makes me realize that tragedy in life is meant to be joked about. Laughter is the only way we get through the hardships in life, and when Joan says it, I truly believe her. -Dillon Fernando







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Campus Arts

Department Of looks to bring satire back to Duke Will Atkinson The Chronicle

Department Of bills itself as “Duke’s only intentionally comedic publication,” and this claim does not stretch the truth. Unlike its Ivy League peers, Duke has never boasted a consistent humor publication. Whether due to a lack of invested interest, the relative youth of the university or the difficulty of forging a lasting movement in four short years, satire on campus has not caught on—and, in its second year, Department Of hopes to change that. The publication released its first online issue of the semester last Wednesday. The objects of ridicule for the October edition include everything from the Tallman Trask scandal to the uncanny resemblance between Duke trustee David Rubenstein and comedian Steve Martin, and an actual title to one piece reads “Is Ann Coulter an Afghan Hound? A Mathematical Proof” (hint: she’s not). Even the format of the website has the effect of a sly joke; the lower-case, serif font and the mom’s-high-school-yearbook masthead project more than a whiff of irony. At an elite school not known to do so, Department Of urges Duke to take itself a little less seriously. “It’s important for people at Duke to feel like they can create this space to be irreverent and make fun of Duke,” co-founder Katie Fernelius, Trinity ‘16, said. “It’s a really

important thing for us to continue to remember how f---ing ridiculous Duke is.” Department Of started as a pet project of Fernelius and fellow cofounders Sofia Manfredi and Mahsa Taskindoust, both Trinity ‘15, to address what they saw as a lack of outlets on campus for critical, written humor. Manfredi had researched archives of former humor magazines at Duke for a class on documentary essays and was impressed by the incisive commentary of publications like Duke ‘n’ Duchess and Jabberwocky, which both enjoyed brief runs during the twentieth century. But years later, Duke had nothing to match that level of satire in the midst of the prevailing brand of “college humor” marked by trite riffs on Shooters and Marketplace (I plead guilty). What began as a hobby between three friends quickly gained footing as a funded organization, and Department Of was publishing in earnest by fall 2015. In an academic culture where taking individual credit for work is prized— if not required for admission— Department Of is remarkable for its anonymity. Rather than credit authors for individual pieces, each post is attributed to the publication as a whole, allowing writers to publish potentially controversial material without fear of individual backlash. The anonymity also reflects the collaborative nature of the writing process, and it has the added side effect of screening out

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Special to the Chronicle Department Of launched in the fall of 2015 and provides satire on Duke issues.

the “funny guys” who may only join for recognition. “The type of person who’s bought into this Duke culture of ‘this is my work, this is my accomplishment, these are all my achievements,’ they don’t do well with Department Of, because we take ownership over everything—there’s no byline,” junior and executive member Lucy Cao said. Sometimes, though, this anonymity has had unexpected consequences. “People would email us being like, ‘Dear sirs, how do I join?’” Taskindoust said. “There’s this assumption that if you’re that funny,

[you must be a man.] People would think that we were just a bunch of guys running it, and for us we were just shocked.” When it started publishing, Department Of had an all-female leadership, including the three founders, and the fact that people assumed a humor publication must have been run by men points to the prevailing notion that comedy is a man’s game. Boys are expected to be the “class clowns,” and pop culture periodically latches onto comics like Amy Schumer as the female comedian-of-the-moment, See DEPARTMENT OF on Page 10


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Campus Arts

Duke channels nostalgia with 90s movie marathon Nina Wilder The Chronicle

“Nostalgia – it’s delicate, but potent,” said Don Draper in an episode of the television show “Mad Men.” “It’s a twinge in your heart far more powerful than memory alone.” For two nights, Duke allowed its students to let the potent twinge of nostalgia run wild with a ‘90s movie marathon orchestrated by Freewater Presentations, a branch of the Duke University Union. In a time when the decade’s resurgence seems unavoidable, the movie screenings were a no-brainer; what’s a better way to shrug off mid-semester responsibilities than with a dive into the remnants of one’s childhood? Indeed, Freewater Presentations chose an array of films that would likely evoke thoughts and images of adolescence from the students in attendance. The screenings on Friday included “Forrest Gump” and “The Silence of the Lambs,” and those who ventured to the Griffith Film Theater on Saturday were treated to “10 Things I Hate About You,” “Clueless,” “Jurassic Park” and “Titanic.” “I love 90s movies, personally,” said sophomore Mika Deshmukh, who was in attendance at the showing of “10 Things I Hate About You.” “They’re just so cult-y and fun, it’s like a relic when you watch them.” Relics were undeniably a large part of the movie marathon, and they extended past the films themselves; beanie babies and CD copies of “Now That’s What I Call the 1990s” were raffled off at every screening, and one lucky attendee to the showing of

“Titanic” won a Bop It, an artifact from the decade that irrevocably conjures up memories of childhood tantrums thrown in crowded toy aisles. Ring pops and pop rocks were also given to every student who came to a movie, making forlorn cavities ache in wistful sentimentality. Sophomore Hannah Rogers, who was also at the screening of “10 Things I Hate About You,” shared a sentiment that has gained salience among millennials in recent years. “The ‘90s were so important to our generation, and even though some of us were only alive for like, three years [of the decade], it is still very culturally relevant,” Rogers said. Certainly, despite the fact that most kids born in the 1990s have little or no recollection of their existence in the decade, there’s a noticeable yearning for the pop culture and environment that was present in the ‘90s. Websites like Buzzfeed sensationalize the phenomenon with pieces such as “22 Things That Just Haven’t Been Cool Since The ‘90s” or “23 Little Moments That Were So Gratifying to ‘90s Kids,” and Hollywood has tried to profit off of the sentimentality with reboots of film and TV classics such as “Jumanji” and “Full House.” But was this 10-year stretch of cheesy sitcoms and high-waisted jeans really all it’s been commercialized to be? Sure, the 1990s gave us influential filmmakers such as Quentin Tarantino and Wes Anderson and television staples like “The Sopranos,” but those are rarely ever romanticized in reference to the decade. In fact, some of the relics that are most cherished are the ones that frankly sucked the most – pop rocks were kind of gross and “Titanic” is

universally understood to be overrated (even lead actress Kate Winslet thinks so). Perhaps children of the decade feel so emotionally attached to the ‘90s and its works because, truthfully, things were pretty great in the ‘90s outside of pop culture. Our government was running a surplus, international relations were peaceful and Steve Jobs unveiled the first iMac. Compare this to the 2000s – a blossoming war on terror, an economic recession and rapid technological developments – and one is left wistfully dreaming about a time when everything seemed so much simpler. It has been clinically recognized that as young adults find themselves strapped with responsibilities and intake information about the global state of affairs, it’s completely normal to want to return to times that they know to be safe and stress-free. It’s hard to appreciate the current decade when every problem seems ubiquitous, so idealizing the times of your childhood when you could lounge on the couch and rewatch “Toy Story” for the millionth time doesn’t seem so unreasonable.

In fact, we may never really want to return to a time when technology wasn’t easily accessible, gay marriage was illegal and the War on Drugs was still raging. But as long as the ‘90s continue to exist in a vacuum in our collective psyche as a decade of prosperity and feel-good pop culture, the nostalgia will continue to reign. For those who missed Freewater Presentation’s ‘90s movie marathon last weekend, the student-led organization holds screenings each Friday and Saturday in the Griffith Film Theater, recently refit with a high-quality digital projector and located on the lower level of the Bryan Center. Likewise, come springtime, keep an eye out for their next marathon. When asked what set of movies she would like to see screened next, Deshmukh had something in mind. “I think doing a ‘Harry Potter’ marathon would be so fun,” she said. Indeed, 1990s nostalgia is a potent twinge – and happily so.

Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons Freewater Presentations organized a 90s movie marathon this past weekend.

WILL DUKE BE A LEADER IN CLEAN RENEWABLE ENERGY? OR WILL IT CHOOSE A FOSSIL FUEL POWER PLANT? “Duke University is about to sign a decades-long deal with Duke Energy, the nation’s biggest utility company, for a natural gas power plant that takes the United States further down a climate-disrupting path. Instead, Duke University should mobilize its student and faculty energy experts to pave a path toward renewable energy for the University. Duke University should be a leader in the solar and wind revolution rather than a throwback to the fossil fuel age.” - Dr. Brent Blackwelder, Duke University Class of 1964 Sign the petition asking President Brodhead to lead in renewable energy, say no to new gas investments: PAID FOR BY: FOUNDATION EARTH | SPONSORED BY DUKE CLIMATE COALITION

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Campus Arts

Jun ot D íaz p ro v i d e s v a l uab l e i nsi g ht for wri ters Grace Peterson The Chronicle

Junot Díaz often doesn’t enjoy writing. In fact, he avoids writing whenever possible and wishes that he wasn’t born with such a strong talent in fiction. This statement may sound strange coming from such a highly acclaimed author, but Díaz offers an explanation. “I probably would be a better writer if I liked life less,” Díaz said. “I only write when I absolutely have to. We are often called to things that don’t give us pleasure. But you can only avoid it so much before you’re called to do it.” The Junot Díaz reading and Q&A event Monday, Oct. 17 was filled with such unexpected, and often humorous, comments. On the humorous side, Díaz called Duke students “nerds” and mentioned that during his own time in college, his work ethic was “straight savage” while he managed school work and a full time job. When he asked for a show of hands of all the people from the Dominican Republic in the room and only a couple people raised theirs, he said,“Duke, what’s up with your recruitment?” Comedy aside, Díaz provided valuable insights for creative writers and the Duke community as a whole. For example, he reminded the writers in the room that, “If the writer’s hand weighs too heavily on the reader, it no longer feels like collaboration.” He also discussed the importance of immersing oneself in the world and living if you want to be a strong

writer. To Díaz, art is about “one’s relationship with the world,” and without these experiences, Díaz believes it’s challenging to write well. Díaz had a particularly interesting response to a question regarding methods for ensuring that creative writing is original. “Why would anyone want to be original?” he said. “That sounds like an enormous burden. I wouldn’t worry about being original. The writer isn’t the one who decides what is good. Why are you trying to [take] the role of the reader? I have no idea whether [my work] is good. I just worry about giving my absolute all.” In addition to providing writing advice, Díaz spoke about his dedication to “fight[ing] the fight for people of color” and other minorities. After being born in the Dominican Republic and then moving to New Jersey, Díaz is passionate about issues such as racism and biases against immigrants, and he seeks to change systems that oppress these minorities. Díaz is the author of three novels, including “Drown,” “The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao” and “This Is How You Lose Her.” His books have garnered a number of prestigious literary awards, including the 2008 Pulitzer Prize in fiction, the National Book Critics Circle Award, a spot on the New York Times bestseller list and being a National Book Award finalist. In addition, Díaz is a professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, as well as fiction editor for the Boston Review. The Junot Díaz event was part of the Blackburn Visiting Fiction Author

Photo by Chris Teufel|The Chronicle Ju not D íaz ca m e to Du ke’s campus o n Mo nday night fo r a reading and Q& A .

series, a program started nearly 30 years ago in honor of William Blackburn, who was a prominent creative writing and Duke English professor during the mid-20th century. The program brings in renowned fiction and poetry writers from across the nation and world for public readings and to host workshops for creative writing students. Previous speakers include Lydia Davis, Zadie Smith, John Ashbery, Ha Jin, Gish Jen and others. Joe Ashby Porter, Duke professor of advanced workshop in the writing of fiction, selects authors for the Blackburn Visiting Fiction Author series in conjunction with the Creative

Writing Committee, of which he was Chair for 20 years. According to Porter, the Creative Writing Committee’s goal of bringing in authors is two-fold. “We, as the Creative Writing Committee, take it as part of our charge to help satisfy the public’s appetite for direct, personal contact with writers. The second reason we bring visiting writers in is so that … students in writing courses can be inspired by actual living, distinguished creative writers,” Porter commented. An abbreviated version of this article appears in print. To read the full article, visit


Public Lands and the Fault Lines of a Democracy: Reflections on a Second Century for National Parks Oct. 20, 5 pm, Field Auditorium in Environment Hall, Duke University

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Rolf Diamant University of Vermont; National Park Service (retired) According to Diamant, the birth of conservation in 19th-century America was dependent on a “new birth of freedom” characterized by major constitutional reforms, assertion of federal authority over domestic policy, and a much larger national government—all direct outcomes of the Civil War. Since then, each step towards establishing a comprehensive national system of public lands has always been contested, revealing a long-standing ambivalence about conservation and the role and function of government. As the National Park Service concludes its centennial celebration, in his lecture Rolf Diamant will revisit the early establishment of national parks and look for lessons learned as we assess what might be needed to make our national park system useful and relevant to all Americans for years to come. Rolf Diamant is co-editor and a contributing author of A Thinking Person’s Guide to America’s National Parks (George Braziller, 2016). His essays have also appeared in Envisioning Gateway: Designing the 21st-Century National Park (2011); The Conservation of Cultural Landscapes (2005); and Reconstructing Conservation: Finding Common Ground (2003). Rolf had a 37-year-long multifaceted career with the National Park Service as a landscape architect and planner, and served as park superintendent at Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical Park and Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site.

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10 | WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 19, 2016 recess

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DEPARTMENT OF from page 7

SUN., OCT. 23, 2-5 PM + DJ Bug Spray & DJ Misty Touch 2001 Campus Dr. /


but only with an asterisk. “When people talk about women in comedy, it’s discussed as a category of comedy, in a way where you might talk about, like, slapstick comedy,” Manfredi, who has continued to work in the comedy world with the clickbait-parody website ClickHole, said. “People are still at the point where they’re trying to prove that women can be in comedy, which should just be a fact and a default.” In the last two years, the membership Department Of has expanded and now reflects the increasing diversity of Duke’s campus; the publication acts a voice for the marginalized, targeting institutional problems and social issues that otherwise tend to get brushed under the rug. Leaders make it clear, however, that Department Of’s intent has never been merely to stir up controversy. At the end of the day, the publication is a work of comedy, and like all satire, it abides by the guiding principle to “punch up, not down.” “We’re not taking cheap shots that will upset people. That’s not what we do here,” sophomore and executive member Sydney Roberts said. “We don’t make jokes to cause controversy, to get more hits on our site. We make jokes because we feel they’re important to make, they’re funny, they serve a purpose, they serve an end.” The publication’s pieces often feed off the political moment on campus, channeling ongoing conversations into an accessible medium. For example, a “Mean Girls”-inspired “Burn Book” distributed Oct. 2015 featured, among other targets, the Common Ground retreat program, which intended to give students a safe space to discuss identity and privilege but endured considerable criticism for its competitive application process and intense programming. Not long after, Common Ground cancelled its spring retreat to reevaluate the program (the retreat has since been relaunched for spring 2016). Whether Department Of was directly responsible for bringing about this change is up to question, but no one can deny that the publication was in tune with the discussions of the moment. Like the magazines that came before it, Department Of aims to capture a particular moment in Duke’s political and social climate and evolve accordingly. Early on, one of the biggest worries with the Department Of’s development lay in its very name. In a media landscape where Google searchability is tantamount to a brand’s existence, the query “duke department of” was decidedly vague, more likely to find you an orthopaedic surgeon than Coach K’s hypothetical Tinder bio. Leaders discussed changing the name, but eventually it stuck. Its ambiguity is part of its allure. When I searched “duke department of” last week to read the new issue, the publication appeared as the first result on Google. To be sure, the multinational corporation probably knows me better than I know myself, so this result may well have been the product of an algorithm based on my daily Onion intake. Perhaps, though, this is an indication that Department Of has done what its predecessors could not—finally giving satire a home at Duke.

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Duke is taking advantage of a treatment similar to the cupping therapy used by Michael Phelps Pranav Ganapathy The Chronicle As the Blue Devils get set for their season-opening meet this weekend in Blacksburg, Va., you might notice something odd when you see Duke swimmers walking around campus—the large, dark bruises fans grew accustomed to seeing on Olympians like Michael Phelps this summer in Rio. The exact “cupping” therapy Phelps and others used hasn’t quite made it to Durham, but Corey James, an assistant athletic trainer who works with the Blue Devil swimming and diving team, uses a similar treatment to help Duke’s athletes recover from grueling workouts. Called myofascial decompression, the treatment uses suction cups and a pump to lift skin, muscle and tissue to stimulate blood flow and reduce soreness. “You’re going to have these big, hickey bruises, so you have to let the physicians know,” James said with a laugh. “You have to let the teachers know too, so they don’t think I’m doing anything crazy.” Although MFD seems exactly like cupping to the casual observer, James said there is a key difference. He first became exposed to MFD in 2011 as a graduate student at San Jose State, then took a course in June 2015 to become certified. “I used to call it cupping, but once you actually learn the differences between MFD and cupping, you realize that they actually are two different principles,”

Khloe Kim | Chronicle File Photo Several Blue Devils are using myofascial decompression to treat soreness and stay fresh as they prepare for the season.

James said. “Cupping has been around for 5,000 years, and the Chinese used it to neutralize the inner chi, or energy lines. MFD looks more at fascia, a tissue that lays over the top of muscle.” When fascia becomes bound with knots, James offers MFD to lift the fascia up and promote drainage of waste products in the muscle. Because it stimulates blood flow to the affected areas, MFD is best for treating overused muscles, he explained. Given the popularity of cupping this summer and the past few years, it’s not

surprising that several Blue Devils have been lining up to have James try the treatment on them. “I have a nagging soreness in my knee right now, and I’m using it to take pressure off my quads and hamstrings,” said junior Nick Bigot, a freestyle swimmer who was on Duke’s 400- and 800-meter freestyle relay teams at last year’s ACC championship. “It definitely seems to help loosen my body up, and I’ll do it maybe once a week. It certainly seems to be helping me in terms of practices.”

Another key difference between cupping and MFD is that the cups used in MFD are not heated. James said that ideally the tissue fills the cup after the pump starts lifting the skin, but when a muscle is stressed, the skin looks dented, signaling that more treatment is necessary to reduce soreness. He said one of the most notable examples of MFD helping a swimmer was when a competitor James chose not to name was dealing with a back injury. The ailment was so serious that the athlete was having trouble taking deep breaths, let alone considering getting into the water. “After the treatment, he was able to take deep breaths, move, and it really helped him kick the corner. I was pretty amazed at how fast it worked,” James said. “The treatment was on a Wednesday and he was able to swim at 85-95 percent at a meet on Saturday.” With MFD helping Blue Devils who use it, Duke will look to take advantage of improved ranges of motion when it takes on Virginia Tech, William and Mary and West Virginia this weekend. James has shared the technique with other trainers at the University, noting that the baseball team’s trainer has tried it a few times to supplement other recovery techniques, but added that MFD is not a panacea—it needs to be combined with other standard therapies to be effective. The treatment might also be most effective for swimmers. See SWIMMING on Page 13


Blue Devils finally get offense over the hump Cole Winton The Chronicle

Carolyn Chang | The Chronicle Jared Golestani scored his second goal of the year Tuesday night to give the Blue Devils a 3-1 lead in the first half.

Since the start of the season, the Blue Devils have been searching for early offense. On Tuesday night, they finally found it. Duke ended its three-game losing streak with a 3-2 win against Campbell at Koskinen Stadium, CAMP 2 using a three-goal DUKE 3 offensive outburst in the first half to build its second two-goal lead of the year and hold on for the win. After the Blue Devils were gifted an own goal less than two minutes into the contest off a Max Moser corner kick, Duke added tallies from Cameron Moseley and Jared Golestani to score multiple goals in the first half for the

first time in 2016. “[It was] a big relief to get a win tonight. There were some good moments out there,” Blue Devil head coach John Kerr said. “Going three games without a win is difficult to accept, and we’re happy to be on the right side of the ledger.” As soon as Tuesday’s game started, a team that has had plenty of bad breaks throughout the season finally caught a good one. A standout freshman, Moser sent the corner kick into the box, and Campbell sophomore defender Daniel Mukuna misjudged the cross, heading the ball into his own net. The Fighting Camels (5-7) were quick to respond, however. In the 15th minute, Campbell sophomore Gabe Parrish, the team’s See M. SOCCER on Page 13

12 | WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 19, 2016

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The NBA regular season—still worth your time Sameer Pandhare The Chronicle Most NBA fans are approaching the start of the regular season next week with the same inevitable truth in mind—in all likelihood, the Golden State Warriors and Cleveland Cavaliers will take the floor in early June battling for the NBA title once again. The third iteration of the matchup would feature a Warriors team that took advantage of a massive cap spike to assemble a roster with four All-Stars and a Cavaliers squad that was set to pay an exorbitant $54 million in luxury taxes even before signing guard J.R. Smith to a fouryear, $57 million contract last week. After working to increase parity and competitive balance across the league during the 2011 lockout, the current NBA picture is one many didn’t envision. But fans who think the regular season has been ruined by the creation of superteams might be surprised when they find themselves glued to their television sets starting Tuesday. Although there may be only two legitimate championship contenders, the mesmerizing potential of the Warriors is enough to attract eyes around the globe. The moment The Players Tribune published Kevin Durant’s decision to head to the Bay Area, the Warriors became more than just a team that wins a lot of

games and likes to shoot 3-pointers—they became a spectacle that’s almost larger than the sport itself. Just wait until the Warriors find themselves in a tight fourth quarter battle on the road against a far inferior opponent and the masses start rooting for the upset. Whether it’s the first game of the season or an end-of-year battle, fans will be captivated by the idea that such a juggernaut could be toppled. As a lifelong Miami Heat fan, I’ve lived through the same scenario after watching the league’s bottom-feeders elevate their play and throw their best punches at the trio of LeBron James, Dwyane Wade and Chris Bosh. For Warriors fans, the close contests will be stressful and a reminder that their team is not a lock to win the championship. For fans of the 29 other teams, they will be exciting. In the rare times that the Warriors don’t find themselves on national television, viewers will get a glimpse of other fascinating storylines in the NBA. Maybe this is the year that we find out just how close young upstarts like the Boston Celtics and Minnesota Timberwolves are to legitimate contention. Maybe this is the year we find out how many shots Russell Westbrook can take in a game as a team’s lone superstar. Hint—a lot. Although the 2017 NBA Draft will likely be the strongest in recent memory, this NBA season appears to be the first without a team that will clearly tank

Jack Dolgin | Chronicle File Photo Draymond Green and the Golden State Warriors are the heavy favorites to come out of the Western Conference for a third straight year.

from opening night. Sure, the 76ers will be bad even if Joel Embiid continues to hit 3-pointers and the Nets will stink unless a magical fairy grants them a wish to undo the horrible trade they made with the Celtics. But Philadelphia’s management has pushed to make its team more competitive and the Nets don’t have much of a reason to tank without a draft pick. Outside of a few outliers, a vast

majority of the league’s teams can realistically enter this season thinking a playoff berth is possible. Behind the Cavaliers, the Eastern Conference continues to be a jumbled mess with no clear pecking order, and out West, the playoff picture is murky after second-tier contenders like the San Antonio Spurs and Los Angeles Clippers. See NBA on Page 13


Parents’ & Family Weekend Student Validation & Sale Set for TODAY, October 19. Undergraduates Only Duke Undergraduate students may have their ID validated for the November 4th Men’s basketball game vs. Augustana beginning today, October 19th, at 6:00 AM at Scott Family Athletic Performance Center Ticket Office. Tickets will be available on a FIRST-COME FIRST-SERVE basis until they are gone. Students may also purchase a maximum of two additional tickets in the student section for the Augustana game for $20.00 each. Cash, check and credit cards accepted. A limited number of seats are available. We cannot guarantee anyone a ticket to the event, whether that be a student or a parent, once the lower level seats in Cameron Indoor Stadium are gone!

“it’s my happy belly place” Come enjoy the fun Oct. 13-23

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SWIMMING from page 11 “Swimmers tend to notice the difference more because they’re unweighted. They’re in the water and essentially floating, so they can really feel it,” James said. “They need great ranges of motion in their arms and hips.” Although the bruises might look odd at first, the Blue Devils have opted for the unusual treatment as they look to send several competitors back to the NCAA championship. “There’s a general curiosity about it, and it’s one of the most popular modes of recovery,” Bigot said. “I’m not embarrassed by it at all. A lot of the people I’m talking to are athletes and know about it, but if my parents, for example, asked about it, I have enough knowledge to explain what goes into it.”

M. SOCCER from page 11 leading scorer, threaded a pass between three Duke defenders and into the box. A quick head fake by senior forward Pepe Rangel was enough to get Blue Devil graduate goalkeeper Robert Moewes to bite, and Rangel buried the ball into the left side of the net to even the score at one. From that moment on, the Blue Devils (5-6-2) took control, allowing just one shot on goal during the rest of the contest to take a 3-1 lead. Duke outshot the Fighting Camels 147, using a string of long passes to free its forwards and finally get its middling offense on track.

WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 19, 2016 | 13

just a second and consider how a playoff appearance for any of the league’s perennial cellar-dwellers could attract new fans locally and show off some of the game’s underrated superstars. And before jumping ahead to June, let’s not forget how quickly things can change. After all, the trio of Steve Nash, Kobe Bryant and Dwight Howard was supposed to be a super team with the Lakers before it became apparent that the pieces of the puzzle didn’t fit. As of publishing of this column, basketball remains a game that only uses one ball, meaning only one of the Warriors vaunted Big Four will be the one taking a particular shot. Although chemistry doesn’t seem to be an issue for this superteam right now, there is no real way of knowing until the group goes through a full season together. Injuries are a whole different part of the story. The fragility of the NBA manifests itself every year with a handful of superstars always banged up, and there’s no telling what would happen if either of the NBA’s top two teams suffered a key injury. It is for this reason that teams outside of the Carolyn Chang | The Chronicle top tier of championship contenders Junior Brian White set up the Blue Devils’ continue to push for improvement—one second goal with a pass to classmate injury could open the door for a whole Cameron Moseley. different group of teams. Come June, it’s almost inevitable that from page 12 fans will be treated to the third chapter between the Warriors and Cavaliers. But let’s not hastily dismiss this regular During an era in which championships season as a waste of time. The road to the have become the only way to measure The New York Times Syndication Sales Corporation Finals will still be filled with the drama success, the incremental improvements 620 Eighth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10018 and memorable moments that make the of franchises are often forgotten. Forget For Information Call: 1-800-972-3550 NBA as popular as ever. about trying For to beat the WarriorsOctober for 18, ForRelease Release Wednesday, Tuesday, October 19,2016 2016 2-1. It also upset then-No. 9 UCLA 1-0 on the road early in the year, so the Blue Devils hope to build more confidence late in the year. “UNC only let in six goals on the season, and we played them last week and we scored,” Kerr said. “We should have had a couple more, and we had some easy chances. We’re creating a lot of chances, but we got to convert them. If we can convert at a higher ratio, I think we’ll be in good shape.”

In the 22nd minute, Brian White stole the ball from Makuna before the defender could clear the ball. The Blue Devil junior then slotted a pass to Moseley as he cut to the net, and the 6-foot-4 forward sent the shot past Matthew Mozynski to put Duke back in front. Moseley has scored three goals in the Blue Devils’ past three games and now leads the team with five on the season. “We have the athletes to make runs behind the line, so if you get the ball behind a defender, people will run on and get you free chances,” Moseley said. Duke doubled its lead less than 15 minutes later when junior Cody Brinkman found freshman Suniel Veerakone. The Caledonia, Mich., native then sent a long pass to Golestani, who maneuvered past a Fighting Camel defender and scored his second goal of the year. With the Blue Devils firmly in control of a game for just the second time this season—they beat UNC-Asheville 5-1 early in the year—Duke was able to rest many of its starters and even pull Moewes late in the second half. In its first game against a Power-5 opponent this season, Campbell took advantage of Moewes’ absence in the final minutes when Josh Signey beat backup Ben Hummel in the 88th minute to get the Fighting Camels’ second tally of the game. After finally getting their offense on track, the Blue Devils will look to continue the momentum when they host No. 4 Notre Dame Friday. Last week, Duke held its own against another top10 team, North Carolina, before falling







Healthy females ages 18 to 60 may be eligible to participate in a research study evaluating bladder function with urethral anesthesia� You may be eligible for this study if you are:

Seeking a senior undergrad or graduate student to drive two vibrant, elderly Duke grandparents from their home in Durham to the night women’s basketball games (and possibly a few men’s games)� The person applying should have a valid driver’s license, a clean drivers record, and their own 4 door car that is in great shape� dates and times are already set - The games start at 7 pm, -pick up at 6-6:15 pm - drop off at Cameron Indoor Stadium at 6:30� The games run approximately 2 hours� Pick up from Cameron would be at 9-9:15 pm, and you would drop back off at their home at 9:45� During the game, the driver does not have any duties� Each game you would be paid for 4 hours� Dates are 11/6, 11/15, 11/17, 11/22, 12/8, 12/21, 12/29, 1/2, 1/12, 1/19, 2/2, 2/10� Email jcotecook@aol�com with inquiries

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The Chronicle Are you tired? Mentally fatigued: ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������clairity Probably: ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ theneeldeal When am I not?: ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������bigxie Never: ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������merryman See you at Forks: ����������������������������������������������������������������������� #amrithisnotimpressed Depends how many interviews I have the next day: ����������������������������� peerreviewed Always: ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ beyerbeware Since I was born: ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� christytwisty Student Advertising Manager: ��������������������������������������������������������������������John Abram Student Marketing Manager: ����������������������������������������������������������� Beatriz Gorostiaga Account Representatives: ������������������������������������ Megan Bowen, Griffin Carter, TJ Cole, Paul Dickinson, Philip Foo, Jack Forlines, Shiv Gidumal, Francis L’Esperance, Leeshy Lichtman, Rachel Louie, Gabriela Martinez-Moure, Jack McGovern, Jake Melnick, David Meyer, Lauren Pederson, Levi Rhoades, Maimuna Yussuf, Matt Zychowski Creative Services: ������������������������������������������������������������ Daniel Moore, Myla Swallow Marketing �������������������������������������������������������������� Hunter Bracale, Nicolette Sorensen

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Online subscriptions: Today’s puzzle and more than 7,000 past puzzles, ($39.95 a year). Read about and comment on each puzzle: Crosswords for young solvers:


The Chronicle

Why not teach for America?


oday marks the third deadline for this recruiting season of the popular Teach for America program. A brainchild of a Princeton senior’s 1989 undergraduate thesis, the non-profit organization has been selecting recent college graduates to serve two year as teachers in low income communities since 1990. In 2011, 53 Duke students were accepted into the program, which was the fourth highest of any mid-sized institution that year. As recently as 2014, Duke was still listed by the organization as a top ten contributing mid-sized university, and in 2015, TFA was noted as one of the top five employers of graduating Duke seniors. In light of the popularity of TFA on campus, we evaluate the shortcomings of the program and urge students to be critical of their decision to apply. As a university that heavily emphasizes “knowledge in the service of society” with signature service learning programs like DukeEngage, Duke creates an environment in which many students unsurprisingly consider service-oriented post-graduation plans. For students who volunteer in Durham through programs like America Reads/ America Counts, TFA may seem to be a mere extension of the Duke experience. The incentive to receive a master’s degree in education

onlinecomment “There was a war on men in 2006 at Duke.”

— “roccolore,” responding to “The war on men,” published October 16, 2016 by Monday Monday


Direct submissions to:

The Chronicle welcomes submissions in the form of letters to the editor or guest columns. Submissions must include the author’s name, signature, department or class, and for purposes of identification, phone number and local address. Letters should not exceed 325 words; contact the editorial department for information regarding guest columns. The Chronicle will not publish anonymous or form letters or letters that are promotional in nature. The Chronicle reserves the right to edit letters and guest columns for length, clarity and style and the right to withhold letters based on the discretion of the editorial page editor.

Est. 1905

The Chronicle commentary

14 | WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 19, 2016

E-mail: Editorial Page Department The Chronicle Box 90858, Durham, NC 27708 Phone: (919) 684-2663 Fax: (919) 684-4696

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Inc. 1993

subsidized by the program and TFA’s relative prestige (the 2014 acceptance rate was 15%) only augment their attraction to the program. However, beyond these considerations, some students remain unaware of the pitfalls of entering the teaching profession fresh out of an elite university education. Critics have pinpointed numerous problems associated with TFA. To begin, TFA scholars only receive five weeks of training, which is considerably shorter than the training teachers receive in accredited, full-time master’s programs


in education. Moreover, TFA’s selection criteria does not necessarily choose the applicants most qualified to teach or interact with low-income students, but rather opts for top graduates with higher statistics. For some TFA applicants, the organization has become a resume builder to be used as a launching pad for careers tangentially related to teaching in underserved communities. In some instances, TFA has even disadvantaged traditionally trained teachersdue to some school districts using the program as a legal loophole around federal pay regulations. The combination of these critiques leads many to argue that the program has been ineffective in its mission to right the

wrongs in the current education system. To combat these institutional problems, concrete reforms should be made to the TFA program. The creation of a one-year mentorship component with a licensed teacher would alleviate some of the training-related concerns. An increased required time commitment in these lower-income communities would dissuade those who are not committed to the program’s core mission. Whether or not these proposed reforms take effect, Duke students should ascertain their own motivations for pursuing the program before joining the TFA program. Even students who enter the program with the true intent to serve underprivileged communities could benefit from exploring short-term alternatives. AmeriCorps offers an 8 to 10 week community service program that provides “opportunities to engage disadvantaged youth in productive service activities in the summer,” while the Breakthrough Collaborative recruits undergraduates to teach low income students during the summer through a teaching residency program. Challenging the status quo of the TFA program should not discourage those passionate about reforming the current education system, but rather should promote deeper reflection on how best to achieve that goal.

When not to register in NC


ith the upcoming election, there is a lot of talk on campus about making the students’ voices heard. Somewhere along the way, the people have come to believe that making one’s vote matter is the same as making one’s voice heard. Now, Duke students are not only encouraged to register to vote, but also to make sure that they’re registered in North Carolina, a swing state. This is particularly true for students who come from politically uncompetitive safe states. Unfortunately, this voting philosophy has been embraced by many even though it undermines the principles of our representative democracy. Our government is designed so that citizens of the United States vote for officials to represent them. When people vote in elections for officials that won’t be responsible for representing them, there is an incongruity between the interests of the representatives and those of the people. North Carolinians are stuck with the consequences, while out-of-state students leave as soon as class ends.

Duke students qualify to register to vote in North Carolina. And many do claim residency in North Carolina for voting purposes, even though they don’t consider North Carolina their home state. Their drivers’ licenses are from other states and when the semester ends, they’re on the first flight out of RDU. This is not to say that all students shouldn’t register to vote in North Carolina. There are some students who do make their home in North Carolina when they attend Duke. These students’ drivers’ licenses are from North Carolina, and they pay their taxes in the state. They are directly affected by the policies implemented in North Carolina and thus should have their voices heard by voting in the state. A potential fix would be for North Carolina to pass stricter residency requirements, but the state would then run the risk of disenfranchising some voters. This is unfortunately not likely a concern of the North Carolina legislature.


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In a sense, the out-of-state voter is saying that they know what is better for the people of North Carolina than the people themselves. If North Carolinians want to be governed by a Republican, who are Duke students to vote otherwise when they won’t be significantly affected by the governor’s policy agenda. An out-of-state student might vote for a candidate who raises income taxes yet be unaffected by these policies since they pay taxes in their home state. Similarly, an out-of-state student could vote for a candidate who increases regulations on small businesses. The student won’t face the consequences of the regulatory changes in the same way that North Carolinians do as small business owners and consumers, since students spend most of their time on campus. These students damage the political process in North Carolina by taking advantage of the state’s lenient residency requirements for voting. The only requirement to vote in North Carolina this November beyond those set by the federal government is living in the state by Oct. 9. Thus, all

Where students register to vote is not something that should be resolved through legislation. Instead, students need to reconsider their values when choosing where to vote—it is an important decision that should be based on which community a student most identifies with, not where their individual voice is loudest. If that means registering in North Carolina, then that’s what the student should do. So while my vote may “matter more” in North Carolina, I’ll be voting in Maryland. I personally am more directly affected by Maryland’s policies than by those of North Carolina. It may be too late for students to change their voter registration for this election—I hope students will, in future elections, choose to vote in the state they better identify with and that which matters more to them, rather than registering in the state where their vote might be “loudest.” Justin Koritzinsky is a Trinity senior. His column, “performance review,” runs on alternate Wednesdays.

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The Chronicle commentary

Pennies and policy


his election cycle has seen absurdity. It’s seen unfounded accusations and claims. And, quite sadly, it’s seen very little talk of actual policy. The last few weeks of this presidential election have taken an especially dark turn. In light of this, I thought I’d take this as an opportunity to stress the importance of policy-oriented discourse by bringing an under-reported policy issue to the forefront: the elimination of the penny, and the reevaluation of the nickel. So here it is: the case for common “cents.” A wise man once said that a penny saved is a penny earned. While I am a big fan of Benjamin Franklin, careful analysis shows that a new phrase is in order for a new era: a penny not made is 1.7 cents earned. The time has long passed for the U.S. Mint to cease production of pennies.

substantially reduce the coin’s multi-million dollar deficit. So what’s the problem? Many who oppose the penny’s elimination argue that price rounding would hurt consumers. However, ceasing production would not ban the use of pennies in daytoday transactions. Moreover, payment with credit and debit cards would be unaffected. And finally, rounding could actually help consumers. According to a study of almost 200,000 transactions, consumers win out when prices are rounded to the nearest nickel. The verdict is clear: the end of the penny would not hurt the consumer. Unconvinced by the economic argument, many sentimental Americans defend the penny out of reverence for the great President Abraham Lincoln, claiming that to end the penny is to forget his legacy. While the sentimentality may

Clay Felker, Duke’s winningest editor


round 70 years ago, an undergrad from Webster Groves, Missouri, sat in the bowels of Perkins reading century-old copies of Horace Greeley’s New York Tribune. He was enthralled by the novelistic style of the paper’s Civil War reporting—he called the approach to journalism a “distinct voice for America.” Two decades later, the undergrad— Clay Felker—became founding editor of New York Magazine. Of course by then, he was no longer the chiseled, inconspicuous Dukie who had poured over the Tribune. His hair had begun to thin and people throughout New York knew him as an idea man, a gifted editor and a stimulating

David Wohlever Sánchez

Jake Parker



They are economically inefficient, they harm productivity, and Americans hardly use them. Yet, between special interests and sentimentality, they’re likely to stick around—at least for now. Pennies (and nickels) cost more to produce than they are worth. According to the U.S. Mint’s 2014 annual report, the cost to produce pennies and nickels remained above face value for the ninth year in a row—1.7 cents and 8.1 cents, respectively. In 2014, that amounted to a loss of $90.5 million. In 2013, it totaled $104.5 million. And the prices will continue to rise. In 2014, the cost of zinc (which makes up 97.5% of a penny) rose by 8.4 percent, reaching a three-year high. But the penny costs more than money— it costs time. Consider the thousands upon thousands of cash transactions that occur each day. On an individual level, the time loss is minimal. But according to Robert Whaples, a professor of economics at Wake Forest University, “with time valued at the average wage and pennies being used in about one-third of the roughly 100 billion transactions per year, a delay of only two seconds per penny used compounds to a loss of about $600 million per year.” Fumbling for that last penny imposes substantial productivity costs on the American economy. Regardless of the cost, do Americans byand-large actually use the penny? They are not generally accepted at tolls or vending machines, and are impractical to use in bulk. Because of their general uselessness, they drop out of circulation at high rates. The purpose of currency is to facilitate the exchange of goods and services, so if people don’t use pennies for that purpose, why are they being minted in the first place? To eliminate our lowest level currency would not be unprecedented. In the 1800s, the US ceased production of several denominations of currency, including the half-cent coin. On a global scale, the US is behind Sweden, Canada, Denmark, Australia, New Zealand, and Norway, who have all phased out their low level coins with no issues. So, if production of the penny were to end, what would happen? The U.S. Mint would stop making new pennies, but those already in circulation would still be legal tender. Cash transactions would be rounded to the nearest five cents. And to offset the high price of nickel production, unused zinc from penny production could be funneled to a redesigned nickel, allowing the Mint to decrease production costs and

make him blush, the pragmatic Lincoln would likely be glad to see the penny go. After all, he is already memorialized on the five-dollar bill, at Mount Rushmore and in Washington D.C. The great penny debate demonstrates an interesting parallel to the gridlock that stunts the American political process. Just like virtually any political issue, special interest groups are at work, and are stifling the process. One such group, the ironically named “Americans for Common Cents,” exists to “inform and educate policymakers, consumers and the media about the penny’s economic, cultural and historical significance.” They are not as quick to advertise, however, their close ties to the zinc industry, which benefits from the minting of the penny. Their executive director is a lobbyist for Dentons, which represents the interests of a major zinc producer that has spent about $1.5 million since 2006 lobbying for issues like keeping the penny around. Because of groups like these, and preconceived notions that favor the status quo, the penny is still around. However, valuing short-term convenience over long-term benefit is exactly what is holding us back on issues such as education reform, global warming and many others. The longer we wait, the more money we waste, and the less time we have to make things right. Eliminating pennies would not bring economic inequality to its knees. It would not end corporate greed. It would not fix our broken education system. But it would save us hundreds of millions of dollars, free up money to spend elsewhere and save businesses time and consumers stress. It’s about as close to common sense as you can get. But will we do something about it? Probably not. Though there are slivers of hope every now and again, the political capital to make it happen simply doesn’t exist. So for now, the Mint’s assembly line is as busy as ever, the pennies are keeping us down, and Ben Franklin is rolling over in his grave. So much for common sense. Note: This article is adapted from one I published in the Duke Political Review on Dec. 4, 2015. Unfortunately, there has been no political action to end the penny since then; here’s to another year of hoping. David Wohlever Sánchez is a Trinity sophomore. His column, “simple complexity,” runs on alternate Wednesdays.

WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 19, 2016 | 15

conversationalist—in short, a choice guest for any metropolitan dinner party. But before he stepped foot in the offices of Life, Sports Illustrated, Esquire or New York, Felker carried on a head-spinning on-again-off-again relationship with Duke, and it was here that he found his voice as an editor. Felker arrived at the University in 1942, but left the following year to join the navy. He was discharged in the spring of 1946 and got a job in New York selling ads for The Sporting Goods Dealer. The next fall, Felker returned to Duke with the other veterans—an experience he characterized as “truly happy and wonderful.” In 1948, Felker was elected to serve as editor of The Chronicle, but was expelled the same year for keeping fellow student Leslie Blatt— whom he married in 1949—out past the Woman’s College curfew. Felker returned to Duke again in 1950 and graduated the following year. In addition to his work with The Chronicle, Felker also contributed to The Archive—Duke’s literary magazine— and served as assistant editor of Duke ‘n’ Duchess—Duke’s “first student-supported humor magazine,” which was shut down in 1951 by President Hollis Edens. Today, the Rubenstein Rare Book and Manuscript Library houses a biographical paper trail of it all, in the form of the Clay Felker Papers, a document collection ten boxes tall. In it there are clippings from Felker’s early work at The Chronicle, a copy of a book he wrote on hall-of-fame baseball manager Casey Stengel, editorial memos addressed to the staff of New York Magazine and half-full steno pads scrawled during Felker’s tenure as a Berkeley lecturer. As I parsed through the crates of old papers, I wondered how Duke had acquired the materials and whether Felker had ever considered that one day some curious undergraduate might pour over his correspondences, memos and notebooks, as he once poured over yellowing copies of the Tribune. Felker’s encounter with Horace Greeley and his band of newsmen among the Perkins shelves became a kind of New Journalism origin story. Like Arthur and Excalibur or Dorothy and her ruby slippers, the narrative reporting style was Felker’s weapon of choice and it became iconic as he and his contemporaries entered a kind of literary rockstar-dom. Yes, the comparison is hyperbolical, but I like the idea that one day some curious Dukie might claim the Clay Felker Papers as inspiration for their championing of a newly-popularized literary style; that a cycle of influence might

keep spinning away in Duke’s libraries—my guess is it’s bound to. Following Felker’s death in 2008, Tom Wolfe—superstar of the New Journalism movement—recalled Felker’s magnetism, “he had cast his own spell over [New York Magazine’s] writers and editors…we were all breathing Clay’s own mental atmosphere of boundless ambition, his conviction that we were involved in the greatest experiment in the history of journalism.” I like to think Felker’s spell never faded here on campus. During his final year at Duke, Russ Freyman, Trinity ‘96, interviewed Felker. The article he produced, entitled “The Magazine Man,” begins with some candid

thoughts on the professional implications of a good first impression. He wrote, “It’s rather intimidating to walk into the home of a man who, with one little phone call, could find you the ideal job. The kind of job that you’d break the law to get.” Perhaps Freyman had read about Felker’s simple recruiting pitch to promising young writers: “I’ll make you a star.” The New York editor did just that many times over, and we—or at least I—can’t help but associate Felker with the grandeur of names like Gloria Steinem and Jimmy Breslin. Chelsea Allison, editor of The Chronicle’s 104th volume, wrote,“More than half a century [after Felker’s time as Editor], our staff is still faithful to [his] standards.” It’s strange to think that someone we talk about in such grand terms was once a regular Duke student; hard to imagine how “the greatest idea man that ever existed” might have gone about cramming for a final or slipping into class late. What is plain, glancing over Rubenstein’s carefully labeled folders full of snippets from Felker’s career, is a lasting dedication to supporting unique voices. I think of a sentence from one of Felker’s Chronicle columns. It reads, “Have cardigan coat, do bird calls, imitations of Jimmy Cagney and will travel.” I think you’d have trouble pointing to any place where Felker sacrificed his voice in the name of convention. Felker’s affinity for editing at Duke and beyond was indicative of a knack for collaboration and a willingness to support his chosen writers. Not only did he help launch Gloria Steinem’s Ms. Magazine, he funded the first stand-alone issue. So as aspiring editors and writers at Duke try to live up to that daunting legacy, I say what better place to find unique voices than on campus—which thankfully looks a whole lot more diverse than it did in 1951— and what better way to express those voices than through printed discourse. In 1961, Felker published his book “Casey Stengel’s Secret” about the titular baseball legend. The Philadelphia Inquirer summarized it as “the story of a chronic loser who became the winningest manager.” I wonder if Felker didn’t in some ways identify with Stengel—seems they were both born to collaborate and guide. Felker once said he didn’t enjoy writing, but that didn’t stop him from becoming one hell of a “manager” or serving his writers as a sage. Jake Parker is a Trinity sophomore. His column, “thinking too much, feeling too little,” runs on alternate Wednesdays.

16 | WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 19, 2016

The Chronicle

CAN’T MISS EVENTS OCTOBER 19-25, 2016 Reception, Artist’s Talk, and Book Signing for “The Jemima Code” Exhibit at CDS Thursday, October 20, 6-9 PM Center for Documentary Studies

The idea of a Jemima Code came to culinary journalist and historian Toni Tipton-Martin as she was researching the rich history of African Americans working in America’s kitchens. She discovered that they were virtually invisible, overshadowed by the demeaning stereotype of a mythical, illiterate “Aunt Jemima” who cooked mostly by natural instinct. “The Jemima Code is a 200-year-old practice of using the image of the plantation mammy to symbolize and misrepresent the knowledge, skills, and abilities of African American cooks,” writes Tipton-Martin. With her award-winning book, The Jemima Code: Two Centuries of AfricanAmerican Cookbooks, and a traveling exhibition of large-scale historic photographs now on view at the Center for Documentary Studies, TiptonMartin works to reclaim these cooks’ rightful legacy. Tipton-Martin will be at CDS on October 20 for a reception, artist’s talk, and book signing—a co-presentation with the Forum for Scholars and Publics. The event is free and open to the public; 6pm reception, 7pm talk.


THEATER STUDY BREAK Wednesday, October 19 12:30-1:30pm Page 109

SCREEN/SOCIETY—MEMORY PROJECT—”READING HUNGER”: PERFORMANCE BY FOUR FILMMAKERS Wednesday, October 19 8:30 PM White 107 (White Lecture Hall) Free and open to the public

SCREEN/SOCIETY FILM: “A TRUE BELIEVER” W/ FILMMAKER Q&A Friday, October 20 7pm Richard White Auditorium

HARDCORE SOUTHERN PUNK SUNDAY MATINEE Sunday, October 23 2-5 PM Nasher Museum of Art

MUSIC: KU & TODD Sunday, October 23 7pm East Duke 201 (Nelson Music Room)

“DRAWING ON NEW PERSPECTIVES” MELISSA M BUTTON Tuesday, October 25 2pm Smith Warehouse, Bay 10, Room A266 Free And Open To The Public

CELLO MASTER CLASS WITH BONNIE THRON Tuesday, October 25 5-6:30pm East Duke 201 (Nelson Music Room)

Brought to you by Department of Art, Art History and Visual Studies, Center for Documentary Studies, Dance Program, Music Department, Master of Fine Arts in Experimental & Documentary Studies, Nasher Museum of Art, Screen/Society, Theater Studies with support from the Office of the Vice Provost of the Arts.

October 19, 2016