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Students, professors explain need for Asian American studies program By Bill McCarthy Staff Reporter

Duke students and faculty are continuing to push for the creation of a program in Asian American Studies despite years of resistance from University programs. The Asian American Studies Working Group—formed in October 2016 and consisting of students, faculty and staff—convened Monday to review the history of Asian American Studies at Duke. For several years, students have advocated for the establishment of an Asian American Studies major—a campaign that began in 2002 and was renewed after the controversial Asian-themed party hosted by the Kappa Sigma fraternity in 2013. On Wednesday, Duke Student Government also passed a resolution in support of the creation of an Asian American Studies program. According to the resolution, the program should “include a fully operational department, tenure-track faculty and academic major” and should be part of “an effort to bring a broader range of perspectives to the university.” “I think it’s fair to say that all people deserve to understand themselves and those around them,” wrote Christine Lee, president of the Duke Asian Students Association, in an email. “This is not just a problem of Asian American students not being generally supported by the institution...this is a gap in Duke’s academic research and an area in which Duke is being left behind.”

Few of us are trained in Asian American Studies, which is a legitimate and respected field of study. LEO CHING

What the Paradise Papers reveal about Duke’s endowment By Adam Beyer | Digital Content Director

Neelesh Moorthy | Towerview Editor

Recent revelations from the Paradise Papers have shed light on investments and investment tools used by Duke University’s endowment. The New York Times reported that as recently as 2015, Duke owned shares in Ferrous Resources, an iron mining company in Brazil. The report indicated that investment funds connected to Duke held more than two million shares in the company. At a meeting of the Advisory Committee on Investment

Responsibility Tuesday evening, its chair—Lawrence Baxter, William B. McGuire professor of the practice of law—said that Duke has owned an “extremely small” stake in Ferrous Resources since 2007 and has been declining since. According to the New York Times report, Duke is also one of many universities using so-called offshore “blocker corporations” as part of its investment practices to avoid paying taxes on certain investments. Ferrous Resources Ferrous Resources is involved in mining operations in Minas Gerais, a state known for its mining of iron-ore

in Brazil. In 2010, the company announced plans to create an iron slurry pipeline in the region, but there was considerable pushback against the project, leading to its discontinuation. According to The New York Times, a 2010 environmental study found that more than 100,000 people could be affected by dust, soil degradation and poor water quality as a result of the pipeline. Paul Baker, professor of earth and ocean sciences, said that the mining industry in Minas Gerais has been controversial. He cited the 2015 spill of 50 million tons of mud and mining See PARADISE on Page 4


Sophomore Annie Yang added that Asian American Studies “has potentially a lot to offer,” and that a program would show that Duke cares about its Asian population. Approximately 25 percent of undergraduate students in the Class of 2021 identify as Asian, Asian American or Pacific Islander, according to a report from the Office of Undergraduate Admissions. Leo Ching, associate professor of Asian and Middle Eastern Studies who has supported student demands for an Asian American Studies program since 2002, noted that an understanding of America is incomplete without specific attention to the study of Asian American experiences. “A major university like Duke has the intellectual responsibility to educate all students, not just Asian Americans, on the histories and cultures of this diverse group and their contributions to the United States,” Ching wrote in an email. He said he foresees an Asian American Studies as an interdisciplinary and inter-ethnic program that examines the lived experiences of peoples of Asian descent in America. Aamir Azhar, Trinity ‘18, who helped lead Monday’s work study group meeting, added that such a major could include an introductory survey course and See ASIAN AMERICAN on Page 6

Duke alum accused of sexual misconduct talks to finance class about ‘bro culture’ By Claire Ballentine Towerview Editor

For students in the “Managerial Finance” class, last Thursday’s meeting featured something more interesting than typical lectures—a talk from venture capitalist Justin Caldbeck, Trinity ‘99 and a former walk-on for the men’s basketball team. Edwyn Tiryakian, lecturing fellow of Markets and Management, hosted Caldbeck to speak about the maledominated environment in the world of finance. In June, Caldbeck resigned from his role leading venture capital firm Binary Capital amid allegations of sexual harassment and unwanted sexual advances, setting off a wave of harassment claims from women in Silicon Valley. “If we’re going to make change, men need to behave better,” Caldbeck said in an interview with The Chronicle. “Part of what needs to happen is more education around

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these issues.” He explained that his presentation to the class focused on the “bro culture” that can begin in college and continue into the professional world. “The talk was exactly what I wanted,” Tiryakian said. “It was a guy who had that male culture that dominates finance. It cost him everything, so I think that resonated with both the male and female students.” Representatives from We Are Here Duke, which advocates against sexual assault and gender violence, said they were disappointed that Duke chose to give Caldbeck a platform to speak on campus. “A person accused of sexual assault—no matter how successful—should not be speaking to students about how to reform ‘bro culture,’ especially when he does so in an effort to absolve himself from his own problematic

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By the chapel, this critter poses for the camera.

Playful corgi, not a squirrel, was spotted on the quad.

Critter was caught on camera just before climbing up the cedar.

This squirrel found dinner in front of the Brodhead Center.

SQUIRRELS OF DUKE UNIVERSITY Photos by Henry Haggart Associate Photography Editor

This squirrel was spotted in the hedges near West Union.

A squirrel gets ready to make its next move in front of the chapel.

Leaping over a branch, this critter makes its way across the quad.



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Academic Council hears about student-athlete concerns Thursday By Bre Bradham

how they pursue academic interests, Putallaz—also professor of psychology and neuroscience—said that exit interviews with athletes have shown they may sometimes have to put off taking classes until they align with their schedules. She said that the distribution of majors among students athletes is very diverse, and the only place she has noticed a dip in relation to the general student body is in biology, which she noted might be due to the heavy concentration on lab work. Regarding concussions, Coleman said that they were monitoring the Athletic Department to make sure that they have a policy on the issue that is understandable and that the department educates students, coaches and staff about the policy. “We believe that the University has a policy and a concussion management plan that reflects the best practices and that they

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implement it,” he said. When there is a concussion or the suspicion of a concussion, the medical staff takes over and has control of when the studentathlete is eligible to return to the sport, he said. Beyond physical well-being, Coleman said that the department is very much aware of mental health issues. He explained that the issues that student-athletes face differ in certain ways from other students, often because of the increased exposure that results in a lack of privacy to address the mental health problems. He said that it’s a topic that will be addressed further in the Spring. Overall, Coleman said that he is optimistic about Duke Athletics’ work to date and going forward.

At Thursday’s meeting, Duke’s Academic Council heard updates on the University’s athletics and discussed a proposed new graduate program in dance. The proposed Master of Fine Arts in Dance program will be voted on at the Council’s next meeting in two weeks, which is their last one of the semester. The athletic updates covered student-athletes’ academics and the University’s work to prevent and treat concussions. “I’m very optimistic about how we deal with the issues related to athletics,” said Jim Coleman, chair of the Athletic Council and the John S. Bradway Professor of the Practice of Law. Coleman said the Athletic Council’s academic committee— See COUNCIL on Page 6 made up of faculty members and deans who are on the Athletic Council—meets in the Spring to talk about student-athletes’ academic performance. They look at certain aspects of the academic experiences: the pattern of majors, participation in high impact learning experiences and whether they are taking multiple independent studies or repeatedly taking classes with the same professor. “The kinds of things that have gotten universities in trouble in the past, we monitor to make sure that it’s not a problem here at Duke,” Coleman said. He noted that the Athletic Council has completed a “comprehensive examination” of the Academic Support Services unit of the Athletics Department, and they found that the “unit is doing extremely well.” He noted that the council made some recommendations and would monitor them going forward. Martha Putallaz, the faculty athletics representative to the Atlantic Coast Conference and the National Collegiate Athletic Association, said the last time she had presented to Academic Council about issues the NCAA was concerned with was May 2012. One of the major changes since her last presentation was the decision by the NCAA to allow five athletic conferences— including the ACC—to have autonomy to make some decisions Bre Bradham | Associate Photography Editor related to student-athletes’ well-being and resources. James Coleman, chair of the Athletic Council and the John S. Bradway Professor of the Practice of Law, said that the Athletic As for the effect that athletes’ practice schedules have on Department’s Academic Support Services was doing “extremely well.”



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PARADISE FROM PAGE 1 waste after a dam owned by Vale SA burst. Baker said Vale has yet to take responsibility for their actions. “It is a disaster prompted by economic activity but of a magnitude equivalent to those disasters created by forces of nature,” said Izabella Teixeira, Brazilian Minister of the Environment, at the time. The incident killed at least 12 and injured at least 75, and the residue that leaked from the pipeline contained toxic heavy metals and chemicals such as arsenic and mercury. Alexander Pfaff, professor of public policy, economics and environment, pointed to a 2017 article discussing the dangers of mining in the Brazilian Amazon. The piece found that mining had increased forest loss up to 70 kilometers outside of the mining area. The total amount of deforestation it found due to mining in the area was 11,670 square kilometers between 2005 and 2015, which the study says represented nine percent of all forest loss in the Amazon during that interval. Baker said that he did not necessarily think there was any ethical problem with Duke being invested in Ferrous, so long as the company does not have a particularly

that get them out of the ground,” Baker added. “We shouldn’t invest in companies with a terrible track record, but that doesn’t seem the case here. It seems they came out of the blue.” What are blocker corporations? Nonprofits often use blocker corporations to avoid paying taxes on certain investments, said Holland West—founder, manager and principal at strategic services firm Topsail Insights, who has created several blocker corporations as an attorney. Nonprofits’ endowments are typically tax-exempt. However, they can be taxed on what is known as “unrelated business taxable income” when they invest in a hedge fund or private equity firm that borrows money for its investments. But corporations are not “passthrough entities,” West said. A nonprofit can invest in a blocker corporation, which then either invests in stocks directly or in another hedge fund. The corporation pays the tax, not the investor. “The best way for a university to invest in a hedge fund is to invest indirectly, through a corporation that invests in the hedge fund,” wrote Richard Schmalbeck, Simpson Thacher and Bartlett professor of law, in an email. “That way, the

We shouldn’t invest in companies with a terrible track record, but that doesn’t seem the case here. PAUL BAKER


egregious track record. “To me, we use iron. We use every element on the periodic table and I don’t have a problem with investing in the companies

debt incurred by the hedge fund is not attributed to the university, because the interposition of the corporation ‘blocks’ the attribution of the debt.”

Schmalbeck noted that such blocker corporations are usually found in “tax havens,” countries where no or very little corporate tax is owed. He emphasized that the Internal Revenue Service has upheld the use of these practices. According to The New York Times report, a Duke fund—the Gothic Corporation—uses a blocker corporation to invest in a Cayman Islands private equity fund called Genstar Capital Partners V HV. The Gothic Corporation is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Duke Management Company (DUMAC). The report did not say who created the blocker corporation, but West explained that blocker corporations are often created by financial managers, and then that universities or nonprofits can invest in those corporations. The corporation was ruled as tax-exempt by the IRS in 1993. Neal Triplett, president of DUMAC, declined to comment. Although several people at the ACIR forum expressed concern that this practice is unethical, West said it flows naturally from of the goal of a university or nonprofit endowment. It makes sense for entities that are normally tax-exempt to attempt to preserve that status when making different investments, he said. “One of their fiduciary duties should be to minimize the tax on an otherwise nontaxable entity, because the more money you pay on tax the less money goes to the university, or financial aid, or to whatever it may be,” he said. “That is the purpose of the blocker corporation.” Baxter and some of the other ACIR members shared similar beliefs about the use of such arrangements. Michael Schoenfeld, vice president for public affairs and government relations, told The Chronicle that the University is not parking money overseas—the endowment is

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The Chronicle a perpetual fund that the University draws from annuallyf. Each year the University spends 5.5 percent of a three-year rolling average of the endowment, he said. West also said it made sense for these blocker corporations to be overseas, because the high tax rate in the United States would ultimately mean the blocker can return less money to the nonprofit. Schmalbeck noted that some of the fault for this practice can be attributed to Congress. He wrote that in 1969, Congress precluded charitable organizations from using borrowed money in their investments, which prevents them from investing in hedge funds and the like. This was originally intended to prevent nonprofits from essentially renting out their tax exempt status to private firms. But whereas hedge funds don’t usually face a corporate income tax in the first place, the rules mean a university must use a blocker corporation to invest in a hedge fund without the tax burden. “I think the best way of thinking of this is that the rules are overly restrictive when it comes to alternative investments like hedge funds and private equity funds, but at the same time they have this easy avoidance maneuver,” he said. Is ACIR enough? On Tuesday, members of the Duke community attended a meeting to express their concerns about how Duke uses blocker corporations and about its investment in Ferrous Resources. ACIR was formed in 2004 by the Board of Trustees to provide hear feedback from the University about DUMAC’s investments and to make recommendations for when Duke should take a stand on a particular investment See PARADISE on Page 5

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PARADISE FROM PAGE 4 issue. In the past, they have encouraged divestment from companies that do business in Darfur and have heard concerns about conflict minerals and fossil fuels. The committee is composed of faculty, administrators and student representatives from Duke Student Government and the Graduate and Professional Student Council. Members sign a non-disclosure agreement with DUMAC

endowment, Baxter and Schoenfeld indicated. Much of the rest is in managed funds, or what Schoenfeld called “funds of funds.” It might not be easy for DUMAC to know where all the University’s indirect investments—for example, through blocker corporations—are at every given moment, Baxter said. This is true given how frequently investment positions can change. But Baxter said DUMAC might have the right to ask the blocker corporation or other indirect investment vehicle about their holdings. Based on his work on blocker

The one thing that worries me is that the mining issue starts looking a lot like conflict minerals. We need to learn more about that. LAWRENCE BAXTER


to have access to information about the University’s direct investments. The committee generally reviews DUMAC’s portfolio once per year and can request information about specific holdings as concerns arise, Baxter explained. The committee also receives a list of controversial investments the University holds from DUMAC. “We heard about this as recently as you,” Baxter said, referencing the use of blocker corporations. Baxter noted that Ferrous Resources was not necessarily bad, but that it was worth studying further. “The one thing that worries me is that the mining issue starts looking a lot like conflict minerals,” he said. “We need to learn more about that. I’d never heard of Ferrous Resources until that article so we need to know what is it, is it something that is effective, is it something that if we withdraw from it the miners lose their jobs or is it so iniquitous—I just don’t know.” Sophomore Gino Nuzzolillo attended the ACIR meeting and was surprised by the committee’s response. “So the committee that’s supposed to be advising the Board of Trustees and DUMAC on investment responsibility did not know about Duke’s investment in Ferrous Resources until six days ago?” he asked. ACIR can only see what’s in the University’s direct holdings, which comprise a small part of the total

corporations, West said that the nonprofit or university likely receives a sectoral breakdown of stocks from the blocker corporation at specified intervals. This does not mean, however, that the blocker corporation would give the university a list of its specific holdings, he said. He also explained that it is theoretically possible for a university to not know they have a stake in a company, even though their policy might prevent them from directly investing in that company. “I’m sure there are situations where the investment manager gives limited reports,” he said. “I’ve never seen anyone say we will not give any information.” A university could also look at the blocker corporation’s investment thesis to decide whether to invest in the first place. Some in attendance expressed concerns about the meeting’s publicity. Although Baxter said the forum had been scheduled several months in advance, an email announcing the forum only went out to members of the University community Tuesday morning. “This was not publicized well,” Nuzzolillo said. “It was not publicized well to students and I would venture to guess that folks before that email [Tuesday] morning had no idea the meeting was happening let alone what this committee was.”

FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 2017 | 5

Tracy Futhey, vice president and chief information officer for the Office of Information Technology and an ACIR member, noted it was the second most people she had seen at such a forum. One attendee was concerned that Duke’s socially responsible investment guidelines had not been updated since 2004 and were rather vague. Baxter said he would welcome having that conversation. Persistently through the meeting, it became clear that members of ACIR did not have all the answers to questions posed by the audience. Audience members were curious to know by what ACIR’s next steps regarding studying Ferrous Resources would be. Baxter wrote in an email to The Chronicle that he was planning a public forum in the Spring so DUMAC can explain how it makes its investment decisions. He also called for members of the University community to submit “reasoned and fact-based memos” that can be considered and discussed by ACIR and said they may consider adding a comment feature to the website.

Courtesy of Duke Photography Richard Schmalbeck, Simpson Thacher and Bartlett professor of law, wrote that universities are better off investing in hedge funds through a corporation.

6 | FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 2017


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for comment. But Lee Baker, who formerly held the same position, told The Chronicle in 2016 that the hesitation has historically been because of low student interest. Baker said then that neither the East Asian nor the South Asian Studies certificates had been particularly popular. He also noted that there had not been many Asian American studies proposals within Program II, a program that lets students design their own majors. But Lee said that many recent course offerings related to Asian American Studies have had waitlists. She said a Spring 2017 course taught by Eileen Chow, visiting associate professor of Asian and Middle Eastern Studies, had to double its enrollment cap due to high demand. Lee also said she disagreed with the argument concerning Program II proposals. “I myself attempted to form an Asian American Studies-related Program II my

freshman year, but was dissuaded by several well-meaning professors,” she wrote. “There FROM PAGE 1 are just not enough courses for a Program II application to be approved.” other courses covering topics such as Asian Lee, Yang and Ching all said the biggest American history, literature, gender and obstacle slowing the effort is a lack of faculty sexuality and spaces. capable of specializing in the field. “It’s moving slow, as all academic programs Several peer institutions—including would, but progress is being made and talks Northwestern University, Cornell University, Stanford University, the University of with administration are being developed,” Pennsylvania and the University of Ching wrote. “Tenure-track faculty lines are California at Berkeley—offer majors in expensive and coordinating with academic units to prioritize their hiring for Asian Asian American Studies. According to American Studies faculty will take time and a directory of Asian American Studies programs compiled by Cornell University, incentive from the administration.” more than 30 U.S. colleges and universities Ching said he would like to see several have Asian American Studies programs. different academic departments hire Asian American scholars and try to reshape their Administrators at Duke have not been existing curriculums to incorporate contents and as receptive to the idea. Arlie Petters, dean of academic affairs for Trinity College of Arts and methodologies from Asian American Studies. Sciences, did not respond to multiple requests Yang added that it could take another few years to get past the “bureaucratic red tape” and gather greater “institutional support” from the University. Still, several students have already met with some University administrators—such as Valerie Ashby, dean of Trinity College of Arts and Sciences—to discuss the possibility of adding an Asian American Studies program, Lee said. Azhar said the administration has agreed to bring in a postdoc specializing in Asian American Studies. More recently, a photo campaign started by the Asian American Studies Working Group and called “Duke Doesn’t Teach Me” featured dozens of participants. A petition for support in Nov. 2016 also gathered more than 500 signatures in less than two days. But the DSG resolution may be the strongest evidence yet that the fight for an Asian American Studies program is gaining real momentum. “It’s moving slow, as all academic programs Neal Vaidya | Staff Photographer would, but progress is being made and talks On Monday, the Asian American Studies Working Group held an event to teach attendees about the with administration are being developed,” history of Asian American Studies at Duke. Azhar wrote in an email.

COUNCIL FROM PAGE 3 “I think [Duke athletics] does a really good job of getting ahead of issues,” Coleman said. “They anticipate issues, and I think that when we have problems that all universities have, we engage in best practices in dealing with them.” In other business Academic Council heard a presentation from Purnima Shah—associate professor of the practice of dance and director of the Program of Dance—and Michael Klien, associate professor of the practice of dance, about the creation of a new Master of Fine Arts Program in Dance. Shah said that there goal would be to recruit seven students per year, and that the curriculum consists of 27 core courses and 21 electives. The program would have an intense focus on interdisciplinary work—with students in the program being able to focus on various aspects of dance, from arts administration to therapy—and the program partnering with the American Dance Festival. One issue that was raised by Steffen Bass, professor of physics and chair of the Academic Programming Committee, was the tradeoff between the educational value of MA and MFA programs like the one proposed, and the financial burden that will be placed on students. Klien said that they hope to be able to reduce the cost over time and offer scholarships down the line. Academic Council will vote on the creation of the new graduate program at their next meeting at the end of November. The Council held an executive session to discuss awarding an additional honorary degree at 2018 commencement, and they will vote on the measure at their next meeting, according to their agenda for Wednesday’s meeting.

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Blue Devils pull away in second half behind dominance in the paint for win in home opener By Riley Pfaff Staff Reporter

Just days after struggling to put away a weaker nonconference opponent in their season opener, the Blue Devils overcame a slow start to dispatch another foe convincingly in Durham. No. 11 Duke won its 19th straight home opener 77-50 Thursday night against High Point at Cameron Indoor 50 Stadium in the firstHPU 77 ever meeting between DUKE the two North Carolina teams. Lexie Brown scored 24 points to carry the Blue Devils, who led by just 11 at the half but outscored the Panthers 38-22 in the second half to pull away for the win. “We got off to a little bit of a slow start, and picked it up particularly in the second half. We’re working on some things, [but we’ve] got a long way to go,” Duke head coach Joanne P. McCallie said. [Leaonna Odom’s] energy and intensity in the second half was really important. Erin [Mathias] was very consistent for us, which is important, and we had a chance to develop some other folks. Everybody who came off the bench did something positive. We’re a work in progress.” Duke (2-0) pushed the pace from the opening tip, scoring six of its first 10 points on fast breaks, aided by a pair of early steals. However, the Blue Devils struggled to separate themselves early, missing all four of their 3-point attempts in the first period and failing to create second-chance opportunities.

Aaditya Jain | Contributing Photographer

Lexie Brown led the Blue Devils with 24 points and made all 11 of her free throws, though she turned the ball over six times. High Point’s Camryn Brown face-guarded preseason All-American guard Lexie Brown whenever Duke was in its half-court offense in an all-out attempt to deny any passes. But the approach backfired, as Camryn Brown, the Panthers’ third-leading scorer, picked up two early fouls and took a seat on the bench barely four minutes into the game. Lexie Brown, meanwhile, led Duke with 13 points at the break. The Blue Devils never trailed in the first

half, but were far from dominant—though they led by as much as 13, they could not separate themselves from the Panthers (1-2) until late in the half, largely due to the hot hand of Preseason Big South Player of the Year Emma Bockrath, who had 14 points before halftime and finished with 21 after getting into foul trouble. “[We have not had] defensive tenacity for 40 minutes. We’re kind of in and out

with that, and that’s a problem,” McCallie said. “[I’m] really disappointed—look at [Bockrath], we had her spotted and scouted and looked at, and we did absolutely nothing. My biggest disappointment [is] a lack of execution on the scouting reports. You’ve got to take out very good players, and she was exceptional tonight for them.” Entering the game, the Blue Devils were hoping for more production off their bench after the reserves combined for just five points in their season opener against Grand Canyon. Initially, Duke struggled to get the bench going against High Point as well—graduate student Bego Faz Davalos found freshman Jade Williams for the Blue Devils’ first bench points of the game with less than a minute left in the first half. By the end of the game, the bench picked up its play slightly, finishing with 14 points combined. Duke came out of the locker room energized for the second half and sent the home crowd into a frenzy on an early alley-oop from Brown to sophomore Leaonna Odom. The Blue Devils, who outscored the Panthers 50-8 in the paint, also began to feed the ball inside more to Erin Mathias, who finished with 11 points and seven rebounds coming off her first career doubledouble against Grand Canyon. As a team, Duke outrebounded High Point 46-26. Mathias has looked much more comfortable in her new role as the go-to option down low for the Blue Devils, spending more time in the paint and less at the high post compared See W. BASKETBALL on Page 13


Duke looks for more bench production vs. Jags By Conner McLeod Staff Reporter

After outlasting Michigan State in a hardfought battle in the Chicago, the Blue Devils will return home for one of the lighter weekends on their schedule, starting with a matchup against Southern Friday evening. No. 1 Duke will host the Jaguars at 7 Southern p.m. against Cameron Indoor Stadium and vs. should not have much No. 1 trouble against a team Duke ranked No. 330 out of FRIDAY, 7 p.m. 351 teams in the nation, Cameron Indoor Stadium according to Ken Pomeroy’s adjusted efficiency ratings. Southern’s lack of size has held it back to start the year, with three losses by an average margin of 28 points. The Jaguars have also struggled to rebound, which will only benefit the Blue Devil frontcourt that brought down 25 offensive rebounds against the Spartans. Freshman Wendell Carter Jr. took on a bigger post

presence after freshman Marvin Bagley III left the game early due to an eye injury, and his work on the boards has not gone unnoticed by his teammates. “[Wendell] is a beast down low,” senior Grayson Allen said after the Utah Valley game last Saturday. “He does a great job of rebounding in his area, even outside of his area and going to get some, but he’s really patient on offense too, and I think one of the things that he’s showing is he can really pass the ball and find the open guy.” Head coach Mike Krzyzewski should feel more comfortable trying new rotations and going deep into his bench Friday. Allen and freshman Trevon Duval have done most of the scoring in the backcourt so far, controlling the game late against Michigan State and combining for 35 points in the second half. But the Blue Devils (3-0) need to find more scoring on their bench, which has only scored 41 points in Duke’s three games. Freshmen Alex O’Connell and Jordan See M. BASKETBALL on Page 13

Carolyn Chang | Staff Photographer

Gary Trent Jr. is still searching for consistency in his perimeter shooting after making 1-of-7 attempts from beyond the arc Tuesday, though the one he made put Duke ahead for good.

12 | FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 2017

The Chronicle


Blue Devils set to honor seniors in home finale By Michael Model Assistant Blue Zone Editor

Following a disappointing 21-16 defeat at Army on Veterans Day, the Blue Devils will return to Durham looking to snap their sixgame losing streak on Senior Day. Duke will look to avoid finishing with Georgia a losing record at Tech Wallace Wade Stadium vs. for the first time since Duke 2011 when it hosts Georgia Tech Saturday SATURDAY, 3:30 p.m. at 3:30 p.m. Although Wallace Wade Stadium the Yellow Jackets run the triple-option offense, the Blue Devils will be especially prepared this time around, taking advantage of a unique opportunity to face the scheme in back-to-back weeks. “Usually the games are spread apart, but it’s nice having them back-to-back, staying in the same triple-option mode,” redshirt senior defensive tackle Mike Ramsay said. “One thing everyone always talks about when defending the option is that one mistake, one missed assignment can result in a touchdown. So, everyone has to do their job, be locked in, tackle who they’re supposed to tackle.” The inability to make big tackles and contain its opponents on the ground has been an Achilles’ heel for Duke (4-6, 1-5 in the ACC) during its recent skid. The Blue Devils allowed more than 240 rushing yards per contest in each of their last four games after allowing an average of just 88 in their first six matchups.

Jim Liu | News Photography Editor

In his final home game, redshirt senior Mike Ramsay will have to lead a defensive front that will be missing linebacker Ben Humphreys. Duke will need to get back to its early-season defensive efficiency in order to take down a prolific Georgia Tech offense, but it will be without linebacker Ben Humphreys, who exited last week’s game with a leg injury. The Yellow Jackets (5-4) churn up 324.0 rushing yards per contest—good for fourth in the nation—and will look to repeat their success from the last season’s matchup in Atlanta when Georgia Tech gained 605 total yards. To take down the Yellow Jackets, the Blue Devils will need to contain the two-headed

monster of quarterback TaQuon Marshall and B-back KirVonte Benson. The two combine for more than 200 yards per game and have accounted for 22 of Georgia Tech’s 28 rushing touchdowns on the season. Duke also needs to close out on tackles Saturday to limit explosives, as the Yellow Jackets have eight players with at least one rush of more than 30 yards this season and five receivers with a 30-plus yard reception. “You have to be disciplined in the secondary, Blue Devil head coach David Cutcliffe said. “You

may over-commit safeties. We’ve got to be smart about that. There’s a balance to that.” Duke’s offense has been silent for the last month and a half, putting immense pressure on a taxed defensive unit. Duke has scored just seven touchdowns in its last six contests due in part to the demise of redshirt sophomore quarterback Daniel Jones, who is struggling in his second season. His completion percentage is down 8.3 percent from last season, and he has surpassed the 225-yard plateau just twice this season. The Charlotte native has also been susceptible to critical sacks, often bringing his team’s chances down with him in the process. After starting 4-0, the Blue Devils have dropped six in a row, and Cutcliffe is curious as to whether or not his team with adjust with bowl eligibility on the line. “We’ve been through these kind of stretches at times early here. Now, we’re being tested at not such an early time, but we do know how to go about it and how to face it head on,” Cutcliffe said. “I’m anxious to see how we respond…I’ve been put in these situations maybe all my life and I want to make sure we all look in the mirror and see if we can respond.” Saturday, the Blue Devils will also honor their seniors—including captains Ramsay. Austin Davis and Bryon Fields, for their contributions at Duke before their final home game. “There are a lot of people coming, a lot of high school friends and things like that,” Ramsay said. “I’m excited to see people I haven’t seen in a long time all coming up. I’ll definitely be happy, but I won’t have any tears or anything like that.”


Duke looks to advance to quarterfinals with 2 wins By Meredith Cash Staff Reporter

After falling to North Carolina in the ACC championship game and losing its 19-game winning streak in the process, Duke wanted to return to its home turf and open NCAA tournament play with a bang. Instead, the Blue Devils struggled to find the back of the net and went into the locker room scoreless against UNC Greensboro despite a 17-1 shot advantage. Although Duke escaped the early-tournament scare with a 1-0 win, it also put its hangover from the Tobacco Road rivalry loss on full display. OSU Now with their first vs. loss since Aug. 18 in the No. 1 rearview mirror and Duke their NCAA tournament FRIDAY, 7:30 p.m. nerves settled, the topKoskinen Stadium seeded Blue Devils are prepared to channel their midseason form as they ready to host Oklahoma State at Koskinen Stadium Friday at 7:30 p.m. in the Round of 32. The winner of that matchup will return to take on either No. 4 seed Texas or Clemson Sunday at 1 p.m. with a bid to the Elite Eight on the line. “We advanced and we got through the first round,” Duke head coach Robbie Church said. “We’ve gotten the first-round jitters out, and now we’re ready to see some very, very strong competition.” Duke’s surprisingly close contest against

UNC Greensboro Saturday in the opening round culminated with the heroics of a familiar leader for the Blue Devils. Senior captain Imani Dorsey—who leads the team with 11 goals and seven assists on the season—scored the game’s only goal with a perfectly-placed shot to the right-side netting in the 69th minute. Although the ACC Offensive Player of the Year has a knack for coming through for Duke during its dry spells in the attacking third, the Blue Devils (20-2-0) will need to come out with more offensive firepower Friday night if they want to survive an upset bid from a hungry Cowgirl squad. Oklahoma State (163-3) beat Missouri State in penalty kicks after a 1-1 draw in regulation Saturday, and will bring the momentum from that shootout with them to Durham. “This is a good team and this is a tough second-round game,” Church said. “You have two Power Five conference regular-season champions playing each other. You usually don’t have that in the second round. I don’t think it’s fair for either one of us.” One weapon Duke will add to its arsenal is redshirt senior Rebecca Quinn. The Toronto native—who helped lead Canada to a Bronze medal at the 2016 Olympics in Rio de Janeiro—missed the semifinals and finals of the ACC tournament and the opening round of the NCAA tournament to join the Canadian National Team in Vancouver, Canada, and San Jose, Calif., for back-to-back friendlies against the U.S. Women’s National Team.

Henry Haggart | Staff Photographer

Rebecca Quinn will return to the field for the Blue Devils this weekend after missing the last three games to play for the Canadian National Team. Quinn’s return will be a welcome one for Church and the Blue Devils. Although redshirt senior Malinda Allen and junior Kat McDonald stepped up to fill the void during Duke’s past three games, the ACC Midfielder of the Year’s veteran presence has anchored the Blue Devils throughout their season and will help quell any of her teammates’ lingering nerves. “It’s great to have her back,” Church said. “To have a player of her quality and talent as part of our

team is really special. Everybody’s very glad to have her back and she’s glad to be back with us.” In addition to Quinn’s return, Duke will enjoy the bonus of playing in front of a friendly crowd Friday night. The Blue Devils are undefeated at home this season, racking up 10 regular-season wins and two postseason wins at Koskinen Stadium since their home opener Aug. 20. See W. SOCCER on Page 13

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W. BASKETBALL FROM PAGE 11 to years past. And though Williams and Faz Davalos are solid options for McCallie off the bench, it is clear that Mathias will be the workhorse in the paint this season. “I’m a senior now, so I’ve had a lot of experience under my belt at this point and my teammates have had confidence in me the entire way through,” Mathias said. “It’s just kind of my time to give back to them for all these years. They’ve always trusted me, they’ve always had my back, they’re constantly looking for me, no one’s selfish.” After picking up her fourth foul, Bockrath spent long stretches of the third quarter on the bench, opening the door for Duke to go on a decisive 16-3 run to extend its lead to 21 entering the fourth quarter. For much of the game, the

Should Duke defeat the Cowgirls Friday Goldwire have earned the most minutes and advance to the Sweet Sixteen for the third so far off the bench in the backcourt. straight time, the Blue Devils will once again O’Connell hit both of his 3-point attempts host their opponents at Koskinen Stadium, an in the opener against Elon, and Goldwire advantage Church has not overlooked. has played consistent defense in his minutes. “It’s great to have that opportunity,” Church Jordan Tucker has only played six minutes said. “We don’t have to miss school. We can stay so far, but has the potential to become a in classes, we can have our normal routine and scoring option for the Blue Devils and may practice on our own field. But it wasn’t just get a chance to put his talents on display given to us, we earned that right through our against Southern. course of play and our body of work.” Freshman Gary Trent Jr. is another player Duke knows better than to look past any who will look to find his shot consistently. opponent—and especially one of this caliber— The five-star starting guard shot 1-of-7 in a do-or-die situation like the NCAA from beyond the arc Tuesday, though he did tournament, but Church and company fully make one of the biggest shots of the night to expect to spend their time Saturday scouting put Duke in front for good. their next opponent. Blue Devil fans hope to find relief in Who that opponent might be is anyone’s the return of 6-foot-11 superstar Bagley, guess, but after defeating the Tigers 2-1 in who was sidelined after teammate Javin their only exhibition game of the season, DeLaurier accidentally raked his eye in a the Blue Devils would welcome a chance rebounding battle, but was cleared to play to face a familiar opponent in their second Thursday, according to Krzyzewski’s radio game of the weekend. show. Bagley, who has already notched “You’re always rooting for the ACC teams,” two double-doubles, provides an efficient Church said. “But whoever it is, Clemson or scoring option and a defensive stopper to Texas, it’s going to be a very good game. At that an already loaded Duke squad. point, there are only 16 teams playing in the “He is really an exceptional kid. You could country, so you know it’s going to be special.” have somebody, or somebodies, on a team feeling like, ‘Oh, he’s going to take my place,’ and then when they saw him play, they said, a chance to further develop their chemistry ‘Well, that’s not my place,’” Krzyzewski said for a more efficient offense. after the Utah Valley game. “And then he is “We have to play together and keep a good guy and he works his butt off. He is a continuing to play as one and not worry about any individual stuff,” Bagley said. “If we dream really to coach.” put everybody’s talents together as one, then The Blue Devils have not shown much we’ll be a great team, and I’m excited to be a weakness thus far, but only shot 39.5 part of it.” percent from the field against Michigan Themay Newnot Yorkalways Times be Syndication State and able to Sales Corporation Eighth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10018 Mitchell Gladstone and Hank Tucker contributed rely on their620 rebounding to save them. For Information Call: 1-800-972-3550 reporting. Friday’s gameFor against Southern is Release Thursday, November 16,2017 2017 For Release Friday,(0-3) November 17,

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Aaditya Jain | Contributing Photographer

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Panthers attempted to mimic Grand Canyon’s deliberate half-court offense against the athletic Blue Devils this past Sunday. But once Duke began to get out in transition more, High Point simply could not keep up. “I thought that we got more intense on defense as things went. It’s hard to compare the games. Grand Canyon held onto the ball longer on offense, so it made it a slower game,” McCallie said. “We had intensity again, not for all four quarters, but it grew as we went. We’re trying to get the start, all the way through the defense. But every game is different and every game breaks differently. The most important thing I can say is I thought we got better as a team.” Next up for the Blue Devils is a trip to Villanova Sunday afternoon for their second of three road games in the first two weeks of their season.

Erin Mathias has emerged as the Blue Devils’ primary option in the frontcourt and scored 11 points in Thursday’s home opener.


FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 2017 | 13













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Online subscriptions: Today’s puzzle and more than 7,000 past puzzles, ($39.95 a year). Read about and comment on each puzzle:


The Chronicle

An Americana death, part II


n Tuesday, at least a hundred gunshots were heard at Rancho Tehama Elementary School in Northern California, where four were killed and two were injured, and all the while America shrugged. This tragedy was most recently preceded by a shooting in Sutherland Springs, Texas that claimed the lives of at least 26 community members. In total, thirty lives were lost in the course of a week. While the shooting in Sutherland Springs attracted large-scale media coverage, the nation has largely been silent in the aftermath of Tuesday’s shooting. It seems that for the most part, for most of the country, the elementary school shooting simply never occurred. We are not entirely at fault for failing to voice our prayers in the aftermath of this recent tragedy. The media, which sent bursts of breaking news notifications about the shootings in Las Vegas and Sutherland Springs, did not do the same for Rancho Tehama Elementary. However, this lack of outrage over Rancho Tehama stems from an issue deeper than the dearth of media coverage. Many of us are simply exhausted. Only forty-some days after the worst mass shooting in recent history, we cannot fathom being reminded yet again how commonplace these horrendous tragedies have

become in our country. Mass shootings are not the sole gun-related issue. Gun violence is ubiquitous, prevalent in urban settings and domestic violence cases. Many women’s rights advocates in fact consider guncontrol to be a women’s issue given that domestic violence often results in gun-related deaths for women. Some sources report that nearly 50

Editorial Board women “are shot to death by former or current partners” each month. A national focus centered on identifying scapegoats in the aftermath of mass shootings—lack of regulation, mental illness, parental neglect, etc.—completely masks the reality that individuals are dying every day as a result of all forms of gun violence. Unfortunately, it seems that if the number of concurrent deaths does not pass a certain threshold, we almost never hear about them in the media. The data on lives lost to gun violence in all of its forms is staggering. As we have commented on in the past, there is no simple solution to ending gun violence, but bringing experts to the table

“What a beautifully specific tribute this is. It speaks to Siegel’s desire to “make [internal] change” as much as it does to Mayorelect Steve Schewel’s well-developed practice in coaching emerging and seasoned leaders to take that risk.”

— Linda Belans on Mitchell Siegel’s Nov. 15 column, “A

lovable liberal in Steve Schewel”

LETTERS POLICY The Chronicle welcomes submissions in the form of letters to the editor or guest columns. Submissions must include the author’s name, signature, department or class, and for purposes of identification, phone number and local address. Letters should not exceed 325 words; contact the editorial department for information regarding guest columns. The Chronicle will not publish anonymous or form letters or letters that are promotional in nature. The Chronicle reserves the right to edit letters and guest columns for length, clarity and style and the right to withhold letters based on the discretion of the editorial page editor.

and debating policy is essential to approaching some semblance of a solution. But as many politicians have pointed out, politicizing issues in the wake of tragedies can be disrespectful to those in mourning. The problem is that we seem to be in a perpetual grieving period. While we can try to wait until people are finished mourning in the aftermath of each tragedy before we act, we will never find a proper time to do so given the prevalence of gun violence in this country. That is essence of the problem. Epidemics must be stymied as they happen, before the next great gun tragedy manifests itself. Over the past few centuries, our national identity has become inexplicably linked to blazing guns, and the “right to bear arms” has become glorified as a quintessential American legal right. However, some would argue that in our pursuit to defend the Second Amendment, we have forgotten a much more important human right: the right to life. As Duke students, we should research and advocate for solutions to ending this epidemic of gun violence. We should demand more from our leaders every day, and not just in the days immediately following mass shootings. The cost of complacency and inaction has become far too high.

Grateful for honor


Est. 1905

The Chronicle commentary

14 | FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 2017

Direct submissions to: E-mail: Editorial Page Department The Chronicle Box 90858, Durham, NC 27708 Phone: (919) 684-2663 Fax: (919) 684-4696

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Inc. 1993

LIKHITHA BUTCHIREDDYGARI, Editor HANK TUCKER, Sports Editor KENRICK CAI, News Editor SAM TURKEN, Managing Editor VIR PATEL, Senior Editor ADAM BEYER, Digital Strategy Team Director IAN JAFFE, Photography Editor JACKSON PRINCE, Editorial Page Editor ALAN KO, Editorial Board Chair SYDNEY ROBERTS, Editorial Board Chair CHRISSY BECK, General Manager ISABELLE DOAN, University News Department Head JOYCE ER, University News Department Head BRE BRADHAM, Local & National News Head NATHAN LUZUM, Health & Science News Head SHAGUN VASHISTH, Health & Science News Head JIM LIU, News Photography Editor WILL ATKINSON, Recess Editor NINA WILDER, Recess Managing Editor SUJAL MANOHAR, Recess Photography Editor SANJEEV DASGUPTA, Sports Photography Editor MITCHELL GLADSTONE, Sports Managing Editor LEAH ABRAMS, Editorial Page Managing Editor CARLY STERN, Editorial Page Managing Editor NEAL VAIDYA, Audio Editor JAMIE COHEN, Social Media Editor JEREMY CHEN, Graphic Design Editor CLAIRE BALLENTINE, Towerview Editor JUAN BERMUDEZ, Online Photography Editor NEELESH MOORTHY, Towerview Editor NEELESH MOORTHY, Investigations Editor ABIGAIL XIE, Investigations Editor CAROLYN CHANG, Towerview Photography Editor CAROLINE BROCKETT, Recruitment Chair CLAIRE BALLENTINE, Recruitment Chair SHAGUN VASHISTH, Recruitment Chair SARAH KERMAN, Senior News Reporter KATHERINE BERKO, Senior News Reporter LEXI KADIS, Senior News Reporter MEGAN HAVEN, Advertising Director JULIE MOORE, Creative Director The Chronicle is published by the Duke Student Publishing Company, Inc., a non-profit corporation independent of Duke University. The opinions expressed in this newspaper are not necessarily those of Duke University, its students, faculty, staff, administration or trustees. Unsigned editorials represent the majority view of the editorial board. Columns, letters and cartoons represent the views of the authors. To reach the Editorial Office at 301 Flowers Building, call 684-2663 or fax 684-4696. To reach the Business Office at 1517 Hull Avenue call 684-3811. To reach the Advertising Office at 2022 Campus Drive call 684-3811. One copy per person; additional copies may be purchased for .25 at The Chronicle Business office at the address above. @ 2017 Duke Student Publishing Company


ith Turkey Day just around the corner, “giving thanks” is a sentiment echoing in Duke’s halls. We’re thankful for the end of midterms, for a respite from school, for good food and even better friends. But such thanks—while important, and in the case of exams, much needed—is transient. Thanksgiving is fundamentally a reflection on community: on celebrating the people around us and the values that bring us together.

Duke Honor Council We are lucky that we constitute a community that welcomes self-criticism in the prospect of personal growth. And we hope our previous columns have illustrated challenges and opportunities to improve academic integrity on campus—from unauthorized collaboration, to ambiguity on syllabi, to ethics in professional recruitment. But bringing these issues to light shouldn’t be considered evidence that dishonesty is rampant at Duke; rather, it is an opportunity to strengthen the standard our community has set for itself. The vast majority of students do not engage in misconduct either in or out of the classroom. This is a fact that bears repeating considering that students’ perceptions of cheating at Duke is three times higher than self-reported instances or documented occurrences. This lack of faith in each other appears to be a bigger problem than cheating itself. Indeed, despite reporting high levels of misconduct, only three percent of students testify that they have ever reported instances of cheating— despite the Community Standard’s exhortation that accountability begins with each of us. These two issues—that students don’t believe each other to be ethical, and are also unwilling to report true instances of misconduct—is the mindset the Honor Council hopes to challenge. But of course, this is easier said than done. One approach is education, which involves promoting the Community Standard through a “True-Blue” style session during O-Week, requiring students to complete the plagiarism tutorial at the beginning of each academic year and clarifying policies regarding collaboration on class syllabi. Another method is cultural, like making honor physical by installing plaques of the honor code into undergraduate classrooms as is seen in Fuqua and incorporating messages about the Community Standard into tours and programming for prospective students. Combined, these two strategies could help bring

integrity to the forefront of the Duke experience. However, this is easier said than done. If Duke students are already by-and-large honorable, some may ask if good is “good enough.” But norms don’t sustain themselves; unattended, they atrophy over time. The Community Standard is younger than most Duke students, yet we forget the role our peers and alums had in co-creating the codes the govern our campus today. Undoubtedly, ethical behavior in and out of the classroom is the norm at Duke—and has been for a long time. But integrity doesn’t have an endpoint. The next evolution of our work as a community is to build upon the foundations of the past and transform our relationship with honor from passivity to activity. That means viewing honor as a practice you live daily rather than a statement you sign on during midterms season. How should we judge success? The first steps are already being carried out, like tracking conduct violations over time, or assessing students’ awareness of the Community Standard and associated academic policies. But the real measurement of our morality won’t be of how we act while we’re here. The Community Standard is about more than just academic integrity; it’s about applicability and accountability. Our time in the Gothic Wonderland isn’t just for intellectual incubation; it’s an opportunity for courses and classmates to mold our character in preparation for the “real world.” We’re alums far longer than we are students, and a true testament to the inclusion of integrity into campus culture would be its translation into our lives beyond Duke. But graduation lies in the future. In the present, we’re just thankful for the community we’ve built together—one that pushes us to pick more difficult rights in the face of easier wrongs. As break rolls around, there’s a lot to reflect on about our time at Duke. We hope that honor will be one of the things that’ll come to mind, with reflections on how far we’ve come as well as the work that’s yet to be done. The Honor Council’s column usually runs on alternate Fridays.

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The Chronicle commentary

Outrageous ambition, outrageous failure


y proudest achievement to date is receiving a C+ in Statistics 101. That sounds weird, given that Duke is a place where people destined for greatness go to share their lives—and on Wednesday and Saturdays, their saliva—with their

Annie Adair COLUMNIST fellow great minds, also destined to achieve impressive heights. In 2014, as I sat in a crowded chapel among freshmen listening to President Brodhead outline the class members’ grand achievements prior to Duke, I was genuinely moved by the opportunities I would be afforded in my three years. Here, amongst the greats—professional dancers, concert pianists, a likely hungover Grayson Allen and like 75 future Goldman analysts—I knew that I too, could be destined for greatness. Now, it can’t go without saying that there was a certain degree of irony in that experience. Sitting in the annual convocation is a uniquely humbling experience for any Duke student; every year, the dean of admissions specifically calls out the best and brightest of who I was already pretty sure were the best and brightest. He spotlighted the achievements of these students, who deigned to honor Duke with their presence. Myself, on the other hand? I had received a rejection letter to the university 15 months prior and had crawled my way back in. But nonetheless, I felt inspired. After all, this was the school Terry Sanford had called for to have outrageous ambitions—and I was going to go along with my classmates in seeing Uncle Terry’s wishes through. The difference between my outrageous ambitions and those of my classmates was my emphasis on outrageous. Because that is exactly how some of my efforts turned out to be. The topline of my failures would have to be a failed presidential campaign for DSG president junior year, followed up for a close second by my failed vice presidential campaign for Vice President of Academic Affairs during my sophomore year. These were followed up by not one but two failed campaigns for DSG president and young trustee that I helped manage for friends. At some point, it seemed as though anything I touched turned into a loss. There were plenty of social gaffes, for sure—asking “What bay?” when somebody told me they were from the bay area is my favorite—as well as little things, like the time I wore a blazer to a frat party or cried on an airplane going home for fall break because I had forgotten how fast they travel when they take off. And then there were my academic shortcomings. I, like many of my classmates, found solace in the public policy department and was deeply perturbed anywhere outside it. After turning in my final spanish test of college, my professor held both my hands together and said, “Thank God we both got through this” (or at least I think that’s what she said; I was never particularly good at spanish). The proud C+ in Statistics 101 was a constant battle predicated on my inability to conceptualize the ‘sum’ function on Excel and my foregone conclusion that coding on R, much like spanish, was a language I was never going to understand. I got very lucky in “Math is Everywhere,” a course that heavily incorporated problem sets I could never grasp. When probing a friend to help me

on a question about vectors by which I was particularly stumped, he very kindly said to me, “This is how you would teach coding if you were going to teach it to a sixth grader.” Like I said, I’m a true intellectual. My goal is not to shock you into thinking “Woah, how did Duke give this girl a degree” (although sometimes I, too, am a bit perplexed), but rather to serve as a reminder that sometimes it is ok to fail. The drive for effortless perfection is not unique to Duke, but it’s pervasive nonetheless. We spend a lot of our time committed to the idea that we need to be perfect without letting anyone know how hard we’re trying. And as much as we try to cultivate our Instagrams to the contrary, most of us know that the life we’re living on the internet is far better than the life we live in reality. It’s understandable that failure is so taboo, given that the culture of Duke dictates you shouldn’t look like you’re trying hard while you’re trying hard. It’s one thing to sacrifice sleep, a healthy diet and rich friendships while maintaining good grades. It’s another thing to give up on all that and still come up short. There were long nights in the library and afternoons in my professors’ offices that I spent grueling over a problem set or an economic concept, only to fall short on the test or the paper and to fumble until the semester’s end. It’s impossible to have the “outrageous ambition” Terry Sanford sought after without outrageous failure. Look at Central Campus as a prime example. Duke’s architects spend months picking the right modern masonry to integrate into West - and yet Central is far from a gothic wonderland. It’s hard to be successful as a whole without taking quite a few hits in the process. But the thing is that nobody looks at someone’s LinkedIn and tries to guess what companies or schools rejected them before. We shouldn’t fool ourselves into believing that any one person has reached the pinnacle of success on a never-ending upward trajectory unfazed by failure or a bungled pass. And quite honestly, I doubt anyone ever does. But it’s easy to forget the sorts of experiences that may have shaped somebody’s life when you’re looking from the top down. It would be unwise to yearn for the same success other Duke alums have reached while assuming it won’t be afforded to you if others around you know that you failed. And sure, I try to make my public persona seem like I glided to graduation day on a wave of academic and social success—so much so that I’ve been elevated to a pedestal in the Chronicle where I get to impart my sage wisdom unto you, my few but loyal readers. But the reality is that I didn’t get here easily, and there are days where I’m just trying to tread above the water. Graduating from Duke didn’t mean my failures were over; it meant they had only just begun. My email is filled with job applications for which I never got called back. I leave work on any given day with relief if I’ve managed to only mess one thing up and I’ve cried on no less than two occasions in a Whole Foods. I didn’t get my C+ grade in statistics framed, mostly by virtue of the fact that I still couldn’t quite figure out how Coursera worked and I had not-so-accidentally recycled the textbook on my way out of LSRC. But what lasted with me longer than the meaning of “significance value” or Bayes theorem is the fact that failure isn’t just a virtue—it’s a necessity. Annie Adair is a Trinity ‘17 graduate. Her columns usually run monthly on Fridays.

FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 2017 | 15

White people can’t make mac and cheese


adamantly detest the mac and cheese from Panera Bread. The sauce is so liquidy it’s practically soup, and they’re apparently too artisan for sharp cheddar. They insist on using bland white cheddar instead—if you can even call that cheddar. The whole dish seems to have been concocted

Victoria Priester COLUMNIST to only have as much flavor as a four year-old with a tragically underdeveloped food palate can handle. Its only redeeming quality is that it’s made with shell pasta, which I believe is a prime pasta shape for mac and cheese done right. I’ve ranted to several friends about how Panera’s disappointing pasta in cheesy sauce doesn’t deserve to be called mac and cheese, and while I’m on my mac and cheese soap box anyway, I always add that garlic powder is the secret to good mac and cheese. Marketplace had mac and cheese at the pop-up bar one night, and I texted my parents in all caps saying that I was living my best life because I had finally found a place that makes mac and cheese the right way: sharp cheddar, garlic powder, ovenbaked, and with a pasta shape that’s more interesting than elbow. But I was also so excited because this mac and cheese reminded me of the kind I’d grown up eating at Thanksgiving, Christmas and other family holiday meals. There’s even a saying I’ve grown up hearing at family gatherings when we’re sitting around eating and, inevitably, someone brings up a time when they had to eat mac and cheese far inferior to what they currently were eating: “white people can’t make mac and cheese.” Pause. I pride myself on using this column to battle stereotypes and broad generalizations about people, and I’ve just made one. So I’m going to treat this like any other stereotype I bring up in this column, and investigate in order to find the root of it. When I first googled “best mac and cheese recipes,” I found a lot of blogs by artsy white women whose recipes look enticing, but none of them include garlic powder in their ingredients. From my own experiences, I insist as a fact that garlic powder makes mac and cheese taste better. Then I came upon recipes specifically labeled “soul food.” Soul food, according to MerriamWebster Dictionary, refers to traditional food that is popular among black Americans in the south. Both sets of my grandparents grew up in the south where they either made up the family recipes for mac and cheese that we still use, or where the recipes were passed down through their families. I had never made the connection before, but my affinity for a certain style of mac and cheese stems from an affinity for the soul food that

I grew up with—even though the majority of my Thanksgivings haven’t been spent in the south. So if soul food is its own category of food with distinct characteristics, and it is by definition “traditionally eaten by black Americans”... Is there a racial or cultural divide over the correct style of mac and cheese? Why are the people I’m thinking of in my head who like Panera’s mac and cheese all white northerners? I usually just pity my friends and insist they haven’t had “real” mac and cheese, and while I’m entitled to my own opinion, can I actually say that Panera’s mac and cheese isn’t “real?” What we identify as “real” and “not real” depends on our personal experiences that shape our standards. I turned to America’s cooking icons as the first source I could think of to find what “real” mac and cheese is: Paula Dean and Gordon Ramsay. While I was disappointed to find that neither of them included garlic powder in their recipes, when I searched “soul food mac and cheese,” I found multiple recipes that included my coveted garlic powder, including John Legend’s mac and cheese recipe. Among celebrities, it seems that even though Paula Dean is from the south, the black or “soul food” mac and cheese recipes are the ones that match what I’ve grown up to identify as “real.” I still believe that the best mac and cheese has garlic powder in it. If soul food recipes are the ones that include garlic powder, then those are the recipes that myself and my family would consider the best. Consequently, I get where my grandmother and great aunts are coming from when they say that white people “can’t” make mac and cheese. It’s not that they can’t make mac and cheese, but that the distinctive ingredients of soul food recipes are not universally used in all dishes. It’s kind of like saying that a jacket isn’t a real jacket if it doesn’t have a zipper. Really, the only two ingredients required for real mac and cheese are in the name of the dish—pasta and cheese. If you like Panera’s mac and cheese— although the thought of giving that dish validation makes my heart ache a little—I say go for it. You were probably raised on mac and cheese that tastes like theirs does, and maybe my family likes more seasoning on our foods than others. I never considered myself one who has a particular affinity for soul food since I don’t particularly like collard greens, ham, fried chicken, or many of the other foods associated with that category, but I will say that I do love some good-old soul food mac and cheese. And if all you’ve ever known is Panera’s mac and cheese, please introduce yourself to me. I’ll gladly invite you over for Thanksgiving. Victoria Priester is a Trinity first-year. Her column runs on alternate Fridays.

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16 | FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 2017

Your weekly skim of all things Duke... THE DIRT

The Chronicle | November 16th, 2017

What You Need to Know Hazed and Confused

A new group on campus, calling themselves the Concerned Black Students, is criticizing Duke leaders for willfully ignoring the hazing that goes on in fraternities/sororities at Duke. They wrote a letter to VP of Student Affairs Larry Moneta on Monday, as well as other campus leaders, about the “annual abuse of black students,” referring to pledging in the eight Duke NPHC chapters (historically African American frats/sororities). Yikes. The letter also claimed that Duke has attempted to cover up the hazing in these organizations, and threatened to “bring forth specific information” about both the hazing and the ways the University attempts to cover it up if Duke does not take action. Moneta refuted the claims against the University in an email back to the group. Dramaaaaaa.

In Other News All Hail Coach 1K

Saturday night, Duke’s 99-69 win against Utah Valley marked Coach Mike Krzyzewski’s 1000th win at Duke. During the postgame on-court ceremony, Coach K expressed his love for Duke, and the pride he feels to coach the team here. During the ceremony, President Price, and VP and Director of Athletics Kevin White presented K with the game ball. Coach K spoke about his slow start during his first three years, when his teams went 38-47. Two years later, K made the Final Four and has been loyal to Duke ever since. K said, “I’m the luckiest guy to coach ever.” Consider our hearts warmed, Coach 1K.

What You Want To Know Holy Moly Guacamole

Literally. The Duke University Student Dining Advisory Committee (let’s go with DUSDAC), is considering adding Holy Mole, a Mexican food truck serving dishes like enchiladas and nachos, to the existing food truck lineup. After Captain Ponchos left the food truck lineup (byeeee), DUSDAC has been searching for a new Mexican food truck, especially considering the recent requests for more authentic Latin American food on campus. The truck’s chef and co-owner is from Oaxaca, Mexico, and sources the cheese from the truck from that region. The truck also caters to gluten free, vegetarian, and vegan diets, and food takes on average about 3-4 minutes to pre-

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problem, as Caldbeck said that he didn’t have the answer. But bringing the issue out into FROM PAGE 1 the open and realizing the behavior starts early is the first and most important step, behavior,” said senior Samantha Meyers, Caldbeck noted. the group’s president. This summer, tech news site The Reactions to the talk Information first published stories from six In his seven years teaching the class, women who described how Caldbeck had Tiryakian said he has never seen his students groped them under the table during meetings so transfixed by a speaker, noting that their or tried to have sexual relations with them. eyes never left Caldbeck. Some of these incidents occurred during “I think we are very fortunate that meetings in which the women were seeking someone who did some pretty bad things and funding from Caldbeck’s firm. lost a lot of money because of it can share his The women alleged that these incidents story at a time when it’s very impressionable happened throughout Caldbeck’s time at for Duke kids,” he said. three different venture firms throughout the Caldbeck said that after the talk, he had past seven years. several male and female students thank Entrepreneur Lindsay Meyer told the him and tell him that his message was New York Times that Caldbeck groped her really powerful. and kissed her after investing $25,000 in her However, some people on campus have fitness startup in 2015. In June, a former raised concerns about how the talk may have employee sued Binary Capital for harassing affected female students in the class who had and defaming her after she resigned in wake been victims of sexual assault. of the allegations against Caldbeck, saying “With 40 percent of women at Duke that he and his partner had created a “sexist experiencing sexual assault before they and sexual environment.” graduate, it’s likely that some of the students in Both Caldbeck and Binary Capital that lecture were victim-survivors themselves, apologized for his actions, as did venture and thus Justin Caldbeck’s visit to the class capital firm Lightspeed Venture Partners. could have been triggering for them,” Meyers Lightspeed, which previously employed from We Are Here Duke said. Caldbeck, had received complaints about him, Senior Jacqueline Monetta, director but said they “should have done more.” of gender equity on the Duke Student Michael Schoenfeld, vice president for Government cabinet, agreed that the talk public affairs and government relations, noted could be triggering. that faculty have complete freedom to teach “Power dynamics and sexually coded and bring speakers to their classrooms without interactions happen everywhere, and while review from the administration. they’re pervasive in the workplace, it cannot “In any case, speaking to a class at Duke be emphasized at the expense of every other does not at all convey the University’s realm of life in which sexual harassment endorsement of any individual or point of assault occurs,” she said. view,” he wrote in an email. Tiryakian explained that he did warn The Duke Women’s Center declined to female students who might be impacted by comment on Caldbeck’s visit. the topic of sexual assault that Caldbeck would be speaking and that they didn’t have Bringing Caldbeck to campus to attend. However, he said that the class was Tiryakian, who has taught “Managerial very full that day. Finance” for seven years, explained that he “Just to see their attention focused on likes to bring in lots of guest speakers who this Shakespearean character, I just loved it,” have experience in finance and can speak on Tiryakian said. relevant news topics. Caldbeck said that he welcomes any “It’s incredible the environment out there feedback about his talk to the class, noting in terms of what these women have to go that the last thing he wants to do is make through,” Tiryakian said. “When story hit, I women uncomfortable. thought it would be a good learning lesson to “I expect a negative reaction with see how he was reacting.” everything I do right now, and I deserve Caldbeck said he told the class that he it,” Caldbeck said. “I made mistakes, I hurt takes full responsibility for his actions, noting people. I didn’t mean to, but that doesn’t that he had lacked self-awareness and did not make it any better.” have enough knowledge about the challenges women in tech experience. Future efforts to make amends Men frequently become first immersed Caldbeck explained that he hopes to take in a culture that sexualizes and objectifies his message to other universities and is in the women in college, which is especially process of creating a website that is consistent common in fraternities and athletic teams, with the themes in his talk. he explained. The site will feature educational tools “If you do it in the workplace, you have for men such as guidelines about good and massive damage that you’re causing to bad behavior and how to hold each other women,” Caldbeck said. “And it can cost you accountable. There will also be resources your job and career.” for women who have been victimized by Tiryakian said that Caldbeck told students sexual harassment. he got what he deserved, but that if you’re part He noted that he has sought advice from of the problem, you need to become part of the his female friends and family members and has solution. Caldbeck also issued a “warning to reached out to “women that have made it public both sides” about the importance of speaking this is an issue they care a lot about.” out against sexual harassment. “I understand why a number of women “He highlighted not just the women who don’t work with me and may doubt my called him out but others. He said there are sincerity,” Caldbeck said. “But I would love these women who were brave in what they the opportunity to work with women who did, and it’s unfortunate they had to do those care about this issue. Change certainly isn’t things,” Tiryakian said. going to come just from me and other men As for why he participated in Silicon who have behaved badly.” Valley’s “bro culture,” Caldbeck said it related Reaching out to the women he has hurt is to the atmosphere he was used to at Duke. It another priority, he said. He has sent apology wasn’t until a couple months after the first letters to women who spoke publically about article about him came out that he realized his mistreatment of them as well as others what he had done. who didn’t come forward but who he believes “When the article came out, I was shocked he has wronged. by some of the names in there, and that As for his next career move, he said that’s not shows me how incredibly un-self aware I a priority for him at the moment. was,” Caldbeck said. “I want to make amends, and aIl want is Tiryakian noted that Caldbeck didn’t to make change and that’s all I’m focused on propose many solutions for dismantling the right now,” Caldbeck said.

November 17, 2017  
November 17, 2017