See Inside Wang leads Duke to second-place finish Page 8
T H E I N D E P E N D E N T D A I LY AT D U K E U N I V E R S I T Y
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 21, 2018 DUKECHRONICLE.COM
ONE HUNDRED AND THIRTEENTH YEAR, ISSUE 69
DSG Judiciary rules in favor of candidate Kristina Smith The matter will be remanded to the attorney general for further review By Isabelle Doan University News Editor
Undergraduates will have to wait a little bit longer to find out who their next Duke Student Government president is. After hearing DSG presidential candidate Kristina Smith’s appeal at a hearing Tuesday night, the Judiciary decided that the election rule that penalized Smith by 200 votes was unconstitutional. The rule in question was Section 6 of the Election Rules and Procedures 2017-2018, which states that students cannot solicit votes “while possessing any laptop, tablet, or similar electronic device that can access the ballot.” Based on this rule, the Board of Elections and Attorney General Shreya Bhatia, a sophomore, decided to dock Smith 200 votes from the tally of voters who ranked her first because campaign members were playing music on an iPad outside Marketplace. The petitioners—Smith and junior Luke Farrell, Smith’s advocate and co-campaign manager—contested this decision in front of the Judiciary. Chief Justice Dev Dabke, a junior, said that the Judiciary found the election rule to be unconstitutional because it is “overly broad.” However, it remanded the matter to Bhatia who has 168 hours to decide if Smith violated any other rules. The Judiciary also decided that the 200 vote penalty was “arbitrary and capricious,” violating the due process and cruel and unusual punishment clauses of the DSG Bill of Rights. Farrell presented four claims in his opening argument, claiming that there was
a violation of due process, that Section 6 was misinterpreted and also unconstitutional and that the 200 vote calculation was baselessly severe. In his closing statement, he later dropped his claim that Section 6 was misinterpreted. “Before this punishment was voted on and decided by the Board of Elections, the
Smith campaign was given no opportunity to have a hearing, violating Section 8, Number 5 of the Election Rules and Procedures, that an in-person hearing shall be automatic for a possible deduction of 50 votes or more,” Farrell said. Bhatia stated that in one phone call to Smith the night of the violation, she
Bre Bradham | Associate Photography Editor The Duke Student Government Judiciary heard arguments from junior Luke Farell, advocate for junior Kristina Smith, and Attorney General Shreya Bhatia, a sophomore.
informed the presidential candidate of the Board of Elections’ decision to dock her 200 docked votes and give her a guaranteed hearing. “After informing her that we agreed upon 200 votes, I began to tell her that she had the right to a guaranteed in-person hearing, but she surprisingly hung up the phone abruptly,” Bhatia claimed in her opening statement. Smith later clarified Bhatia’s account with Chief Justice Dev Dabke, a senior. “I absolutely did not hang up,” Smith said. “The phone call ended.” Later, Farrell called upon a witness to this phone call, junior Maggie Haas, who was part of Smith’s campaign. Haas noted that Smith did not hang up abruptly. Bhatia also raised the concern that Smith was aware of the rules, as candidates were clearly made aware of Section 6 during a meeting with all presidential candidates. In her opening argument, Bhatia also said that Smith informed her that “she is very familiar with the rules.” “This statement in itself is concerning,” Bhatia said. “Because this violation did not take place due to ignorance or not realizing that Section 6 was a rule in place, but rather by someone who had heard this exact rule discussed in the candidates’ meeting, and who also claims to be very familiar with the rules and procedures.” But Farrell claimed that the rule itself was unconstitutional on the grounds that Section 6 restricts free speech. He also noted that it’s a narrowly defined rule. He cited precedent and See SMITH on Page 4
DUU: Rapper Duke shuts down Georgia offense to advance Lupe Fiasco to Sweet 16, set up meeting with Connecticut set to headline Old Duke WOMEN’S BASKETBALL
By Dani Schneider Staff Reporter
Bre Bradham | Associate Photography Editor Leaonna Odom led the Blue Devils in scoring in both of the first two rounds, knocking down midrange jumpers at an efficient clip.
After an impressive first-round performance, the Blue Devils took to the court at Stegeman Coliseum and shocked the hosts with a blowout win. No. 5 seed Duke routed fourth-seeded and 18th-ranked Georgia 66-40 in the second round of the NCAA tournament in Athens, Ga., to advance to the Sweet 16 and a showdown with DUKE 66 top-seeded Connecticut. Four Blue Devils in double figures, and they outscored 40 scored UGA the Bulldogs 20-2 in the second quarter to effectively put the game out of reach by halftime. It was Duke’s first true road win against a ranked opponent since January 2014. Although the Blue Devils kept a comfortable lead throughout the last three quarters of the game, they were short of their usual performance with 15 turnovers in the first half alone. Graduate student Lexie Brown was responsible for four of them, including three early in the first quarter. Brown also forced giveaways with seven steals on the defensive
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See W. BASKETBALL on Page 8 @dukechronicle @dukebasketball |
Staff Reports The Chronicle
This year’s Old Duke concert will be headlined by rapper Lupe Fiasco, Duke University Union announced Tuesday. The Grammy-nominated artist is best known for songs including “The Show Goes On,” and “Superstar.” The concert will take place on Abele Quad April 6 from 7 p.m. to 11 p.m. Duke IDs are required for admittance. The Facebook event for the concert states that the opening act will be announced “soon.” Past acts have included singer Vanessa Carlton and and rapper Sean Kingston. Last year, rapper Lil Jon was slated to perform but had to cancel due to weather. @thedukechronicle | © 2018 The Chronicle
2 | WEDNESDAY, MARCH 21, 2018
SHAVE FOR SCHREIBER, BUZZ FOR BOBBY IS BACK Pi Kappa Alpha hosts fundraiser for cancer research for a third year By Claire Ballentine
minimum donation is eight inches of non-dyed hair, and participants will receive a Posh Gift Certificate for taking part in the fundraiser. In the mood for a new hairstyle this spring? Pi Kappa Alpha Fader explained that last year they realized many of the fraternity is proving once again how beautiful bald can be with women who attended the event wanted to participate as well. its Shave for Schreiber, Buzz for Bobby fundraiser. In preparation for this year’s event, several of the brothers The event—which is taking place this year March 24 went to Posh Salon and asked if stylist could come to the between 12:30 p.m. and 4 p.m. on Abele Quad—involves a fundraiser, and they agreed. shave-a-thon in which Pike brothers and other members of “We wanted the girls to be able to donate as well,” he said. the Duke community shave their heads in solidarity with “We want everyone in the Duke community to feel as involved cancer patients. It honors two Pike brothers—Mark Schreiber, as they can.” a senior who was diagnosed with central nervous system Junior Noah Eckberg, president of Pike, indicated that germinoma in January 2016 and is currently in remission, this event will be the largest yet, with more planning and along with Bobby Menges who died from his cancer in fundraising efforts than the previous two years. Their goal is to September 2017. raise $50,000. Donations can be made through the fraternity’s “Bobby loved this event, and the entire day you didn’t see YouCaring page. In 2016, the fraternity raised more than him without a smile on his face,” said sophomore Ryan Fader, $60,000, with $20,000 donated in the first 24 hours. one of the philanthropy chairs for Pike. “This meant so much “We’re trying to keep event fresh and new,” he said. “Before, to Bobby, so we want to make this we did the event on Clocktower Quad; now [Menges] touched every event the best it can be.” it’s right in front of the Duke Chapel.” Money raised at the fundraiser person’s life that he The event in previous years had about will benefit the Bobby Menges 200 to 300 attendees, but the fraternity is “I’m Not Done Yet” Memorial encountered. Everyone in our expecting about 500 this year. They’ve also Fund, which provides funding fraternity has been putting invited patients, doctors and families from for transitioning adolescent the Duke Cancer Institute in the hope of oncology at the NYU-Winthrop maximum effort into this. expanding the event’s reach. University Hospital, as well as In addition, the event will include free ryan fader food and drink along with football, spikeball, the adolescent and young adult TRINITY SOPHOMORE volleyball and music. oncology program at Duke University Children’s Hospital. Junior Sam Reiff, one of the philanthropy Now in the fundraiser’s third year, the fraternity is chairs and a good friend of Bobby’s, noted that they are expanding its efforts by adding the Pantene Beautiful promoting the event by tabling in the Bryan Center and Lengths Hair Donation, a movement to create free, realhaving people change their cover photos and profile pictures hair wigs for women with cancer. Stylists from Posh Salon on Facebook. in Durham will be available to cut donors’ hair. The “Social media is the biggest way because it allows us to Towerview Editor
Special to the Chronicle This year, Pi Kappa Alpha hopes to raise $50,000 through its YouCaring page.
have people donate online,” he said. “We’re trying to collect a lot of the money there.” They are also hosting the Bobby Menges Memorial Blood Drive Friday in West Union in Room 068 from 11 a.m. to 4 p.m. For the brothers, continuing to fundraise for cancer research allows them to honor Bobby’s legacy and remember their friend. “He touched every person’s life that he encountered,” Fader said. “Everyone in our fraternity has been putting maximum effort into this.”
FEB. 15, 2016
FEB. 16, 2016
Pi Kappa Alpha fraternity began the fundraiser in solidarity with members Mark Schreiber and Bobby Menges, who were previously diagnosed with cancer.
The fraternity started a GoFundMe page that raised $20,000 in the first 24 hours. They also organized an event where members had their heads shaved.
In the second year of the fundraiser, the group raised more than $20,000 to support oncology research and support programs at Duke Children’s Hospital.
The fundraiser seeks to raise money for Bobby Menges Memorial Fund: “I’m Not Done Yet” and Duke Hospital’s Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology Program.
Duke to switch retirement plan provider By Nathan Luzum Health and Science News Editor
Duke will be switching its primary retirement plan provider to Fidelity beginning in Jan. 2019, according to a DukeToday release. The decision comes as Duke faces a pending class-action lawsuit filed in Aug. 2016 that alleges mismanagement of the University’s retirement plan. The lawsuit argued that the retirement plan violated the Employee Retirement Income Security Act, which states that the plan provider has a “fiduciary duty” to the beneficiaries of the retirement plan. The complaint cited “greatly excessive fees for recordkeeping” and underperforming investment options as two pieces of evidence for the mismanagement. A May 2017 ruling issued by Catherine C. Eagles of the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of North Carolina denied the University’s request to dismiss the lawsuit. This month, Eagles asked both parties to update their arguments to clarify whether the employees have standing to sue over two of the investment options, according to Bloomberg BNA. The University has previously argued that the plaintiffs have not actually invested in the funds they are suing over and that the lawsuit has no standing. “Duke provides a range of options that give See RETIREMENT on Page 4
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 21, 2018 | 3
50 years of Program II: How the indivualized majors program inspires its students today By Xinchen Li Staff Reporter
Program II—an individualized degree program at Duke—is celebrating its 50th anniversary this year. Students usually choose to pursue a Program II degree because they want to pursue an interdisciplinary or emerging area of knowledge in a way not possible through the traditional major or minor combination. All Program II students need to take 15 to 18 core courses from multiple departments and complete a twosemester senior capstone project using the knowledge from the core courses. “Program II is not about picking classes you like and throwing different disciplines into one pot,” said senior Kelsey Graywill, a
Courtesy of Duke Photography Program II, which has been around for 50 years, allows students to design their own major across multiple disciplines.
Program II major. “It is about the marriage of Graywill said. disciplines and how they can work together Graywill added that to address her to answer a specific question.” inquiry, she has taken classes from more Because the degree is application-based, than 13 departments, including cultural students interested anthropology, evolutionary in the program need [Program II] is about the anthropology, neuroscience, a recommendation marriage of disciplines philosophy, visual media from a faculty studies and more. adviser and a plan of and how they can work Part of Graywill’s the courses they plan together to answer a Program II capstone project to take. Less than 50 is an exhibition of her percent of applicants specific question. landscape artworks in the are accepted into Louise Jones Brown Gallery kelsey graywill at the Bryan Center. She Program II in the TRINITY SENIOR is using this exhibition as first round, said Rachael Murpheya case study to evaluate Brown, director of Program II and an how people appreciate art and respond to academic dean of Trinity College. different artworks. She explained that most applicants can “With a traditional major/minor fulfill their academic needs with traditional combination, students are studying several Program I degrees. Applicants to Program II subjects independent from each other since need to clearly articulate that they are raising the requirements they face are no different a question that is so large and so important from anyone who is just studying that that they cannot address it with a traditional major,” Graywill said. major or minor combination. Program II students only compose a “Students in Program II are often asking small community on campus, said senior a very specific intellectual question that Meghana Vagwala, also a Program II major. requires inquiry from many, many disciplines, There are only about 15 Program II students not just one or two,” Graywill said. in each graduating class. The big question that Graywill is “If they do not know any upperclassmen seeking to answer through Program II who are already in the program, it is very is why humans find things beautiful. hard for anyone who considers to apply to Graywill titled her Program II degree get feedback and advice on their curriculum as “Creating Meaning: Empirical and design,” she said. Evolutionary Neuroaesthetics.” Late last year, Vagwala and other Program “When people ask me, ‘Which II students helped launch the Program II department has the most presence in your See PROGRAM II on Page 4 Program II study?’ it is very hard to answer,”
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SMITH FROM PAGE 1 practice set forth by the U.S. Supreme Court. “Well, that’s the U.S. Supreme Court interpreting the U.S. Constitution,” Dabke said. “Right, so where in the DSG Constitution should we interpret it?” Justice Alex Murphy, a junior, advised that they look in the Bill of Rights of the DSG Constitution. At one point, Farrell presented another claim that Section 6 was misinterpreted and taken to an illogical extreme. He said that the framers’ intent was to prevent voter coercion. “No,” Dabke said in response to this claim. Dabke elaborated, noting that there are no elements of voter coercion in Section 6. He asked Farrell to elaborate on what he is missing from the text of the document. Earlier, Dabke asked Farrell rhetorical questions of whether he had the framers there, or whether he had the framers’ intent recorded somewhere, concluding that the framers’ intent was speculation.
Farrell dropped the misinterpretation argument in the closing speech. His final claim was that the 200 vote docking was baselessly severe. In his opening argument, Farrell said that in the span of 45 minutes that the iPad was present, there was not even a possibility of soliciting 200 votes with the device. The decision was based on the number of contacts made during the time that the iPad was present. The Board decided on 200 contacts made—2 per person for 100 people. Bhatia called on a witness from the Board of Elections, first-year Turner Jordan, to elaborate on the decision to dock 200 votes. “We actually talked a lot about how many people would be going to Marketplace—there’s obviously no way to have access to specific numbers, although I believe it would be possible to subpoena records from Marketplace…we decided on 100,” Jordan said. “Actually that was one of the more generous suggestions—it was one of the lower suggestions made for numbers of people.” “So you made it up?” Dabke said.
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“Essentially,” Jordan responded. Later on, Dabke noted that since Smith was a senator last year, she voted on the Election Rules and Procedures. He asked Smith why she had changed her mind on the constitutionality of Section 6. Smith responded that she agrees with the general rule. But she added that it’s now being enforced too broadly.
PROGRAM II FROM PAGE 3 Majors Union, where she serves as the president. Members of the organization will hold regular office hours to address concerns of potential applicants, and upperclass students will help others design their capstone projects. “One of the majors union’s goals is to bridge the gap between current Program II students and underclass students who are interested in applying,” Vagwala said. Graywill said Program II needs administrative support to develop in the future. Although every Program II student has a faculty adviser, he or she is not attached to any department through a degree program, Graywill added. “[What students accomplish in Program II] does not contribute to things like departmental ranking or anything else that Duke can use to gloss its reputation,” she said. She explained that education is becoming more collaborative in all realms and new positions are being created that require employees to think across boundaries of traditional disciplines. Isaiah Carter, a senior in Program II, pursues a degree that he titles as “The Bio-psycho-social Aspect of Wellness— Mind, Body and Spirit,” in which he studies how humans achieve holistic well-being physically and medically, as well as culturally and spiritually. Carter said when he first entered Duke, he planned to pursue a neuroscience major and religion minor. But he later found that he needed knowledge from a whole array of disciplines to develop a comprehensive understanding of human well-being. Healthcare providers have recognized that health is not just about strict medical treatment but concerns a healthy way to approach one’s life, Carter said. “As we can see when Duke Medicine changed its name to Duke Health [in 2016], health care is moving from a purely scientific aspect to a more holistic one with a cultural and sociological aspect,” Carter said. Carter is currently applying for an M.D.-Ph.D. program. He wants to become a doctor as he continues to research how people can become healthier in an all-around way. Vagwala said Program II helps students develop an open mind, which will be helpful regardless of the professional goals they eventually pursue. “Whatever narrow focus you have in your future career, having such a broad base of knowledge will make you more acceptive to different ideas and opinions,” she said.
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employees flexibility in designing retirement plans to meet their individual needs,” wrote Michael Schoenfeld, vice president for public affairs and government relations, in an email in Aug. 2016. “These investments are reviewed and carefully managed in accord with federal law to provide low costs and good outcomes for our employees. We will continue to commit to these guiding principles.” But Duke is now pivoting to revamp the retirement plan. Two of the current four service providers—Vanguard and VALIC— will no longer be offered starting in 2019, and TIAA will offer only its fixed annuity product. The new plan will offer three tiers of investments. Tiers 1 and 2 will be monitored by Duke’s Investment Advisory Committee, with Tier 1 featuring Vanguard’s Target Date Funds and Tier 2 including stocks and bonds. Tier 3, which is not managed by the advisory committee, involves a Fidelity brokerage account that provides the opportunity for a variety of investments. “These changes will not impact Duke’s contribution formula or how much individuals can contribute under the IRS threshold,” said Kyle Cavanaugh, vice president for administration, in the press release. “Duke’s retirement plan continues to be one of the most competitive plans across the country.” Duke does not stand alone in controversy over its retirement plan, as many peer institutions have weathered lawsuits alleging improper management of their plans. In Aug. 2016, the law firm Schlichter, Bogard & Denton LLP also filed lawsuits against Yale University, New York University, Vanderbilt University, the University of Pennsylvania and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Since then, the University of Chicago, Johns Hopkins University and Princeton University have also been taken to court over questionable retirement plans.
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 21, 2018 | 5
VOLUME 19, ISSUE 69 | MARCH 21, 2018
mfa|eda thesis exhibition Three students share their projects, page 7
looking back at the smiths __
Staff Writer Sarah Derris reflects on ‘The Queen Is Dead,’ page 6
R 6 | WEDNESDAY, MARCH 21, 2018
recess editors What’s your Wu-Tang Clan name? Will Atkinson ............dynamic overlord Nina Wilder .................fearless swami Georgina Del Vecho...foolish wanderer Christy Kuesel ........... unlucky warlock Jessica Williams ..................tha artist Likhitha Butchireddygari.........demon
on the cover: Coney Island, New York. Photo by Will Atkinson.
My alarm goes off at 7:45 a.m., 50 minutes before my first class of the day begins. Even though the lecture is just across the quad, I give myself nearly an hour to prepare myself for the day ahead. After drowsily scrolling through my social media notifications for a minute, I roll out of bed and begin my morning routine of picking out an outfit and applying a full face of makeup. While I blend my contour and decide which shoes pair best with my sweater, I listen to biology lectures and look over my developmental psychology flashcards. It might be a strange sight to some, but this has been my morning since I was 13 years old, and college has done little to discourage me from getting up early to primp. My relationship with my appearance, like most girls, has been a tumultuous one. I had a seemingly endless awkward phase, beginning at the tender age of eight and ending before I entered my senior year of high school. While I was often praised for my intellect and my sunny attitude, I never earned any compliments for my appearance. I was told this was an asset — that it was better to be smart than to be pretty, that all the cute girls would be consumed by superficiality while I chased academic success — but this was no comfort to the bespectacled young girl who didn’t understand why the boys made gagging noises around her and stole her possessions. I started wearing makeup at the age of 11, hoping to hide my crooked teeth and pale skin behind lip gloss and foundation. In retrospect, I had no urge to wear makeup; it was a decision born out of desperation to be liked as I made the terrifying transition from elementary
to middle school. I begged my mother to let me shop at the popular stores, ducking into the dark, seductive mall shops like Hollister and Abercrombie for a new wardrobe to replace the pink frills in my closet. My attention shifted from academics to appearances as I strived to fit in and mask what I saw as unforgivable flaws. Although I eventually began to enjoy makeup and dressing how I liked instead of religiously following fashion trends, I am still unable to leave the house without at least product on my skin or liner around my eyes. I cannot shake those years of being less
staff note than just because I was not conventionally beautiful — I feel like I must still chase that unattainable standard of beauty if I am to have any sort of worth. That feeling is only amplified by the competitive academic environment at Duke, where it is difficult to be the best at anything with so many exceptional students partaking in the same activities. I was accustomed to supplementing my lack of physical beauty with academic excellence and artistic pursuits, to being the best in other arenas without having to worry about being the prettiest as well. However, at Duke, I am no longer able to be the smartest or the most creative, which leaves beauty as my
lone alternative. The summer before I came to school, everyone I knew told me I would have to abandon my timeconsuming beauty regimen. Instead, I only extended it, knowing I wanted to be as conventionally attractive as possible. The pressure to excel at Duke is not just limited to academics, especially for girls. We’re expected to attend classes and meetings and events, to be active during every waking hour while maintaining our appearance through strict routines and exercise. It is difficult to be taken seriously as a girl if you show up in sweatpants or with a bare face: We are held to a higher standard. I feel the pressure to craft an exterior that makes me look confident and perfectly puttogether so that no one will suspect that I am still the insecure young girl who hated herself for being ugly. I like being considered pretty. I like being conventionally attractive. I like being skinny and made-up and welldressed. But I know that my enjoyment of these features stem from deep insecurity and a society that demands these characteristics from me with the promise of isolation if I fail to live up to these ridiculous standards. I hope to one day be confident enough in my personality and my achievements that I will not have to set my alarm for an hour before my classes begin or spend outrageous amounts of money on makeup to mask my natural appearance. Reaching this goal will be difficult as long as girls are still expected to present a certain way, but I have faith in myself to outgrow my traumas and love myself for who I am beneath my concealer and lipstick. Until then — I set my alarm and wait. —Sydny Long
The wretched bliss of The Smiths on ‘The Queen Is Dead’ By Sarah Derris Staff Writer
I clearly remember the crisp fall days of my first year of high school, waiting on the corner of my street for the bright yellow school bus to rattle up to my stop. I recall staring forlornly out of the window, watching the water droplets pool together as Morrissey’s haunting croon drifted through my headphones for the first time in a moment of striking euphoria. Since then, The Smiths’ acclaimed and quintessential “The Queen is Dead” has been a staple in my musical repertoire. The Smiths’ third and suitably named studio album underlines a group at the pinnacle of its career. Its discovery defined my musical tastes and marked a period of my own existential fascination. I stumbled upon The Smiths not of my own accord but as I read Rainbow Rowell’s “Eleanor and Park,” a story about an odd pair who enjoy listening to odd music together. Never has an album made me feel so dreadfully jovial, experienced such wretched bliss, as “The Queen is Dead,” and nothing truly has since I was first engulfed by the surging chorus of “There Is a Light That Never Goes Out.” Despite the laughable absurdity of dying at the mercy of a double-decker bus, the yearning sincerity of “the pleasure, the privilege is mine” intensifies their trademark despondent charm. “The Queen is Dead” does not shy away from a deft exploration of mortality with an approach that is anything but burdensome. Exemplifying their antithetical idiosyncrasy (with an unexpected tongue-lashing to plagiarists), “Cemetry Gates” paints a less-thancheerful backdrop with jaunty acoustic guitar and vocals. A standout track, the deceptively bright harmony, clashing with Morrissey’s evident distaste for sunny days, offers an
optimistic perception of mortality. Although the uncertainty and unfamiliarity of death brings him to tears, Morrissey proclaims the “weird lover” Oscar Wilde on his side, identifying with his sanguine outlook on the hereafter. The biting and bitterly ironic “Bigmouth Strikes Again” has always been my personal favorite track. Subjecting an endearing “sweetness” to bludgeoning would cast a dark mood upon any song, yet as The Smiths tend to do, the sickening sadism is met with amusement and intrigue. An attack on the merciless media, “Bigmouth Strikes Again” elevates Morrissey to martyrdom, comparing himself to the heroine Joan of Arc. Similarly, “The Boy With the Thorn in His Side” betrays religious undertones at the frustration of naysayers: “How can they hear me say those words / Still they don’t believe me?” By the time the album closes with “Some Girls Are Bigger Than Others,” I am ready to let out a much-needed sigh of relief. Perhaps the most interesting aspect of The Smiths’ career was their timing. Despite curating their own distinctive sound, The Smiths fought a perpetual battle with their old-school British predecessors at the “Top of the Pops.” “The Queen is Dead” peaked at No. 2 on the UK albums chart, yet The Smiths struggled to keep their singles high-ranking for long, compared to the likes of The Beatles or The Who in the heyday of the British Invasion. Their alienation from the mainstream pop of the ’80s allowed The Smiths to reinstate the currency and urgency of the punk and anarchist movements in the ’70s. For me, The Smiths define the ’80s New Wave genre — an anachronism in light of the machismo of hair metal and cheesiness of synth-pop. The title track, “The Queen is Dead,” is a subtle jab at the monarchy — somewhat similar
Nina Wilder | Contributing Graphic Designer The Smiths’ 1985 album finds lead singer Morrissey examining fame, loneliness and heartbreak.
to that of The Sex Pistols’ “God Save the Queen,” but lacking in the brazen aggression of the latter. What has always impressed me about Morrissey is his possession of a certain adroitness and poetic sensibility. He plays with irony and double-entendre and couples levity with lamentation in such a way that invokes a wry smile that can’t help but suggest “I see what you did there.” As unlikely a pairing as “selling out” and political dissent seems to be, Morrissey never renounced his desire for fame. In fact, on the lighthearted “Frankly Mr. Shankly,” Morrissey craves eminence, to “go down in celluloid history” with a veritable preference for fame over righteousness. Sure, The Smiths “sold out” in the end, but their mainstream success certainly does not discount their impact, despite how utterly unbearable Morrissey and his ego can often be. Critics like to note that the skill of guitarist Johnny Marr kept the Smiths afloat, that bassist
Andy Rourke and drummer Mike Joyce were the rhythmic foundation upon which Morrissey’s incomprehensible yodeling lay. But I attest that without Morrissey’s dreamy drone, his carefree flamboyance and his all-around subversive style of dancing, The Smiths unquestionably would not be, well, The Smiths. But the sheer relatability of The Smiths, more than any historical context, is ultimately what has made the band’s lasting impact since it dismantled. The Smiths have eternalized Morrissey as a forsaken figure in exile, and the loneliness he confides I find reflected in myself at times. His wistful cries of an aching longing and not belonging resonate with those who feel cast aside. I may have worn out “The Queen is Dead” long ago, but it is an album I can always revisit without risk of it becoming stale. Whenever I play “The Queen is Dead,” I am transported to those solitary fall days, of feeling naive and unhappy and yet altogether content.
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 21, 2018 | 7
Three stories from this year’s MFA|EDA thesis exhibition By Milena Ozernova Contributing Writer
Have you ever thought about what North Carolina would be like if there was no tobacco farming? How our unconscious mind communicates with our conscious self through dreams and nightmares? How the Sewol ferry disaster influenced the lives of thousands of South Korean people? From March 16 to April 14, the MFA|EDA 2018 thesis exhibition will answer these and many other questions using film, video, photography, sound and sculpture, all created by the program’s 12 graduating students. I was lucky to meet three students in the M.F.A. program in Experimental and Documentary Arts to discuss inspiration behind their thesis projects, creative process and plans for the future. One of the students presenting their work at the MFA|EDA exhibition is Lexi Bass, an experimental filmmaker from Tullahoma, Tenn. Her film “How Bluebirds Are Born” is based on a series of nightmares that Bass had over a period of several months, and it explores the way dreams translate knowledge from the unconscious to the conscious mind. “I had to navigate some crises in my life at the time and noticed the recurring vision of predatory birds in my dreams,” Bass said. “The birds were symbolic of the predatorprey relationship in which I found myself in life.” The final dream that Bass had felt like a nature documentary. In this dream, a narrator described a process by which “bluebirds” were born: A white dove emerged from the bloody corpse of a blue bird. “It was like a gift to a filmmaker,” Bass explained. “I was certain I had to make this vision tangible for others, especially those who might be in a cycle of predation, too.” To give her works emotional authenticity, Bass developed a very intimate and collaborative approach to directing and filmmaking. “It took me a while to find my voice as a filmmaker because I’m quiet, introverted and conscientious,” Bass said. “I think I’m most proud of my relationships with my collaborators. I give my bandmates a framework for the scene or action we’re going to create and then I listen and improvise with them. They come up with as many good ideas as I do.” Bass does most of the dramatic magic with editing, music and sound. For her,
sound is one of the most important aspects of filmmaking. “The soundtrack for ‘How Bluebirds Are Born’ is eclectic — all of the music is by independent musicians and composers I know personally,” Bass told me. “I did a lot of my own audio sculpting on this film too, taking the tone and rhythm of natural sounds as the pulse for the aural scene.” Some of the MFA|EDA exhibitions, however, do not have sound at all. One of them is “After Golden Leaf,” a photography project by Durham-based artist Jeremy Lange that explores how declines in the tobacco industry are changing North Carolina’s landscape and culture. “I grew up in Durham when tobacco was still a part of the economy here,” Lange said. “North Carolina is in the middle of huge shift away from tobacco and into other types of agriculture, as well as other economic products, and I wanted to investigate that changing landscape and the people affected by it.” Lange told the story of tobacco farming using the same lighting that he normally uses for magazine work. Lange’s intention was to portray the rich history of tobacco and the people behind it the same way he would portray a high-profile business person or athlete. “Once I met a man [who] has been auctioning tobacco for over 50 years and got to see him still walk the rows in a daylight-lit warehouse full of tobacco bales,” Lange said. “It was beautiful.” Lange’s experience working with a documentary project proved to be harder than he expected — it was especially challenging to find farms to photograph. “Some folks were suspicious of my motives, others just did not have time for me as they needed to make a living,” Lange explained. “But I just kept driving and asking people if I could take their photographs, and eventually things started to come together.” Lange was not the only student who faced challenges while creating his thesis exhibition. Danny Kim, a documentary filmmaker and a multimedia artist from Seoul, also had to overcome many struggles while working on his film about the Sewol ferry tragedy, “Still Waters.” “Making a documentary is hard!” Kim said. “At first, most people were claiming that my earlier rough cut footage didn’t seem like a documentary film but rather a news footage off of YouTube. It hurt my feelings a lot, but
Jeremy M. Lange | Special to The Chronicle Lange’s photography project depicts the impact of the decline of the tobacco industry in North Carolina.
I did not give up because I knew there was a story to be told — it was just a matter of crafting my film in an artistic way.” As a graduate student with a limited budget, Kim could not plan out the shots or hire any help to make a Hollywood production. Instead, he had to become the one-man band and piece together his footage after the production. Just like other documentary filmmakers, Kim used the editing room to create the magic of his story. “I wanted to create an artwork that also engages in a social and political topic,” Kim said. “I was a journalist based in Seoul before coming to graduate school and the Sewol ferry disaster was one of the biggest news I covered. Initially, I didn’t want to make a documentary on this subject but, being home away from home, the story kept coming back to me.” According to Kim, being surrounded by artists was the main factor that made his story come to life. There were 12 students
in his cohort and each one had a unique artistic practice. Prior to entering the program, Kim never got a chance to be in an all-arts environment, and Duke pushed him into a new direction by exposing Kim to experimental films. “Now I will try my best to keep pursuing the documentary filmmaking as a career and see where it leads,” Kim said. “I think if, after watching ‘Still Waters,’ people walk out of the theater feeling empathy, it will mean that I have achieved success as a filmmaker.” The screening of “How Bluebirds Are Born” will take place March 30 at 7 p.m. in the Full Frame Theater with an opening reception at 5:30 p.m. “After Golden Leaf ” will be on view at SPECTRE Arts from March 29 to April 20, 2018, with an opening reception March 29 from 6 to 9 p.m. The premiere of “Still Waters” will take place March 24 at 6:30 p.m. in the Full Frame Theater with an opening reception at 5 p.m.
Hosted by UNC’s Gillings School of Global Public Health
At this interdisciplinary symposium, world renowned scholars and scientists will examine the deadly 1918 flu, which killed 3-5% of the world’s population 100 years ago. Find out what we would do if this happened today. Keynote speaker: New York Times journalist Gina Kolata, best-selling author of Flu. Co-sponsors
Weds., April 4, Wilson Library Thurs.-Fri., April 5-6 Friday Center, Chapel Hill
Sports 8 | WEDNESDAY, MARCH 21, 2018
THE BLUE ZONE
QUINN COOK EXCELS IN CURRY’S ABSENCE dukechronicle.com
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 21, 2018
Duke finishes second in best showing of spring By Drew Johnson Associate Sports Editor
For the first time in 2018, Duke had a tournament leader within arm’s reach headed into the final round of competition. To win, the team likely needed both a low round of its own, and for first-place Arkansas to stop the birdie frenzy it had showcased during the first two days. The Blue Devils did their part—carding a 7-under-par round, the third-best of any team Tuesday—but the Razorbacks pressed on and finished Tuesday’s round with the lowest single-day score of the event to put themselves between Duke and its first tournament title of 2018. The fifth-ranked Blue Devils finished with a three-day, 19-under-par total of 845 at the Evans Derby Experience in Auburn, Ala., ultimately finishing in second place and nine strokes back from No. 3 Arkansas, whose 11-under-par final round was too much to handle for Tuesday’s other tournament contenders. Although Duke left the Auburn University Club empty-handed, the result continued the team’s trend of steady improvement in the spring. “To go 19-under, we played some good golf,” Blue Devil head coach Dan Brooks said. “It was a pretty playable tournament weather-wise. So what has to happen there, when days are very playable, is you’ve got to let yourself go low. I think the great challenge for us was to let ourselves get birdies and actually go low.” The 54-hole competition was also a breakout performance for freshman Miranda
Sanjeev Dasgupta | Sports Photography Editor
Freshman Miranda Wang had the best tournament of her career, shooting 10-under-par in her final 48 holes to finish in a tie for fifth. Wang, who turned in the squad’s best finish by tying for fifth thanks to rounds of 71, 69 and 70 that put her at 6-under-par. After teeing off Sunday with three bogeys in her first six holes, the Beijing native played the remaining 48 holes at a 10-under-par mark— highlighted by a bogey-free 69 Monday—for a career-best finish. Wang’s previous personal best was a tie for 18th in October’s Landfall Tradition, and she had never finished better than third among competing Duke golfers in any event before Tuesday. “Miranda’s ball striking was really good
W. BASKETBALL FROM PAGE 1 end, breaking Duke’s single-season record for steals. “[Georgia] had some excellent defense in jumping, passing lanes, being tough and all of that, and I think it was important for us to try to get better with that as we did as the game went on,” head coach Joanne P. McCallie said. “That first quarter was a little rough.” The Blue Devils (24-8) overwhelmed Georgia with their size, with Jade Williams and Bego Faz Davalos coming off the bench to join starting center Erin Mathias. But Duke still had some trouble in the paint, as it let the Bulldogs grab 21 offensive rebounds. But Georgia (26-7) could not convert on most of its second chances, and though Duke’s defense delivered an impressive performance to hold the Bulldogs to 14 points in the first half, they were also beating themselves, failing to capitalize on some good looks at the hoop. After keeping the first quarter close and evening the score at 10 at one point, Georgia lost all of its momentum to begin the second period. The Bulldogs scored only two points in the quarter and ended the half shooting 18.8 percent from the field without a made 3-pointer. Despite getting seven steals, Georgia could not convert in transition, and the Blue Devils took a decisive 35-14 lead into halftime—the Bulldogs’ lowestscoring total in a half of the season. “We had a game plan and we really stuck to it. We wanted to keep the paint tight, we knew that was their tendency,” graduate student Rebecca Greenwell said. “They don’t shoot
in this tournament,” Brooks said. “She explained to me that the second day, she missed three three-footers. That round could have been even better, so I would say her ball striking was the thing that helped her the most in this tournament. She’s a solid player anyway, but when she’s on, she has a powerful move and she was hitting them where she wanted to hit it.” Wang was not the only freshman to shine down south, as Jaravee Boonchant continued her remarkable form with yet another top15 finish. Boonchant led her team after the opening round by carding three birdies and
many outside shots, so we really locked in, focused on that and we had great communication on the defensive end of things. It really showed. Everyone was playing off each other.” Georgia made a point to guard Duke’s highest-scoring duo of Lexie Brown and Rebecca Greenwell closely, as well as sophomore Leaonna Odom—who poured in 25 points Saturday against Belmont—but the trio all still finished with at least 11 points. Odom led the way once again with 16 points. The Blue Devils did not rely on only the Splash Sisters and Odom. Senior Erin Mathias played a big role, especially in the paint, as she had 14 points and eight rebounds. Along with Mathias, Faith Suggs, who made her second tournament start, also contributed six points and four boards. “When we were in the huddles, we never noticed how much we were up most of the game,” Suggs said. “That’s the noscoreboard mentality.... There was a time in the third quarter where we looked up and were like ‘Oh wow, we’re up by that much.’ But it didn’t change our mentality at all, so we just have to keep that mindset moving forward.” Making their 17th Sweet 16 appearance in program history, the Blue Devils live to see another day in the NCAA tournament. And although Duke dominated the first weekend, the biggest possible challenge lies ahead. The undefeated and 11-time national champion Huskies await the Blue Devils Saturday in Albany, N.Y.—the two schools have not played each other since December 2014, and Duke has not come within 15 points of the perennial powerhouse in its last eight tries. “We just have to do the same preparation and reduce our
one bogey for a 70. She continued that solid play Monday with a 69 that included five birdies and saw the freshman hit 11 fairways and 15 greens. A Tuesday score of 72 allowed the Bangkok native to tie for seventh at 5-under-par. Leona Maguire tied for ninth place on the par-72 design for her second-straight top10 finish. The senior led the Blue Devils in birdies with 13, but also made seven bogeys and a double bogey to end up at 4-under par. With Maguire posting a pair of 71’s and a 70, it marks the third time this season that she has finished under par in every round. After tying for 15th place at the Darius Rucker Intercollegiate, sophomore Ana Belac finished in similar form with a tie-for17th-place result. In similar fashion to her performance in South Carolina—when she moved up 18 spots on the final day—Belac was so-so through two rounds with a pair of 73’s, but moved 13 spots up the leaderboard Tuesday with a 68 during which she was 6-under-par during her final 10 holes, highlighted by an eagle on the par-5 16th hole. “In her case, [the improvement] was a little bit of a mechanical adjustment,” Brooks said. “She gets a little too much movement in her lower body, and she was able to stabilize that...she looked better throughout the tournament with a stable lower body, but it took a while I think to really feel completely comfortable, so when she got into the last day, she really hit some great shots today. It was fun to watch.” Lisa Maguire rounded out the team’s lineup See W. GOLF on Page 9
turnovers a little bit and just get after it. I love the opportunity that we get to play the best team in the country and the team that has dominated women’s basketball,” McCallie said. “That is a great opportunity to have and to be able to go out there and compete. That is pretty special, and this team is ready.”
Bre Bradham | Associate Photography Editor
Lexie Brown had seven steals Monday to break the Blue Devils’ single-season record.
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 21, 2018 | 9
Michael Model elected sports editor of Chronicle’s 114th volume Staff Reports The Chronicle
Sophomore Michael Model was elected sports editor of The Chronicle’s 114th volume at a department-wide meeting. Model will begin his one-year term April 25 and replace junior Hank Tucker. The New York native will lead a staff of approximately 30 writers and editors. “It has been a pleasure observing the growth of the department under Hank this year,” Model said. “I am looking forward to working with our incredible staff to further expand The Chronicle’s presence with an emphasis on optimizing our digital content.” Model is currently an assistant editor for The Blue Zone, The Chronicle’s sports blog, and also serves as a men’s basketball beat writer. He was previously a beat writer for football, baseball and fencing. In his platform and speech, Model stressed the need to integrate the blog onto the main sports page, making the content more accessible to all readers and visible to those viewing it on mobile devices. He also emphasized a desire to spend more time nurturing young writers and to create more opportunities for digital interaction between the readers and the sports department. “Michael has done an outstanding job as a journalist over the last year and a half, and is always ready and eager to tackle the next challenge at hand,” Tucker said. “His passion to lead and clear vision for the department will help The Chronicle further
adapt to the changing media landscape.” Model is pursuing a statistical science major with an economics minor and the decision science certificate before potentially going into a career in data and analytics after his graduation in 2020. “Michael is driven in his push to help The Chronicle evolve into a digital-first publication, and I believe that his passion for statistics and data will be crucial to furthering our analytical content,” said junior Mitchell Gladstone, the current sports managing editor of The Chronicle. “I’m excited to be a part of Chronicle Sports during Michael’s tenure as editor.” Model noted that his experience covering the
W. GOLF FROM PAGE 8 with a total score of 5-over-par, putting her in a tie for 50th. The Cavan, Ireland, native’s best round came Monday, when she carded a 71 with three birdies and two bogeys, but Maguire struggled Sunday and Tuesday with rounds of 78 and 80, respectively. Junior Virginia Elena Carta traveled to Auburn to compete as an individual, but a nagging muscle strain in her neck and chest area returned during Saturday’s practice round, forcing her to withdraw from the event. The Blue Devils will have nearly a month off before they tee off next at the Liz Murphey Collegiate Classic in Athens, Ga., April 13-15.
Blue Devil football team this fall, including travel to hostile environments in Chapel Hill and Blacksburg, Va., encouraged him to take the steps necessary to become head of the sports department. “The Chronicle has provided me with opportunities that people spend entire lives dreaming of,” Model said. “Whether I was standing on the court at Madison Square Garden or sitting in a press conference with Coach K, I’m grateful for the opportunities The Chronicle has provided me with and am excited for the rest of our staff to gain similar experiences in the coming year.”
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ANNOUNCEMENTS HOLTON PRIZE IN EDUCATION Cash prizes of up to $1,000 will be awarded for outstanding research in education-related fields� Open to Duke undergraduates� Application deadline is April 13, 2018� For applications and information http://educationprogram�duke�edu/ undergraduate/scholarships� Faculty contacts: Dr� Zoila Airall (zoila�airall@duke� edu) or Dr� Susan Wynn (susan�wynn@duke�edu)�
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The Chronicle What we thought of the DSG presidential hearing: Illogical: ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� jackofalltrades Which is not in the DSG constitution: ���������������������������������������������� likhithabanana Pretentious:����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� turksandcaicos Who cares: �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������winniethepooh Self-absorbed pettiness: ����������������������������������������������������������������������� hankthetank Student Advertising Manager: ������������������������������������������������������������Megan Bowen Student Marketing Manager: ���������������������������������������������������������������������Lizzy Pott Account Representatives: ������������������������������Brittany Amano, Griffin Carter, TJ Cole, Paul Dickinson, Jack Forlines, Matt Gendell, Francis L’Esperance, Jack Lubin, Gabriela Martinez-Moure, Jake Melnick, Spencer Perkins, Brendan Quinlan, Levi Rhoades, Rebecca Ross, Jake Schulman, Matt Zychowski Creative Services: �������������������������������������������������� Rachael Murtagh, Myla Swallow Student Business Manager ���������������������������������������������������������������������� Dylan Riley
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T H E I N D E P E N D E N T D A I LY AT D U K E U N I V E R S I T Y
10 | WEDNESDAY, MARCH 21, 2018
There’s something about Gina
ast week, President Trump announced via Twitter that he would be formally nominating Gina Haspel for the position of the Director of the CIA being vacated by incoming Secretary of State Mike Pompeo. Gina Haspel, a long-time member of the CIA for over thirty years, is the current deputy secretary and has been involved in many intelligence operations during her tenure within the organization. In an administration plagued with charges of misogyny, Haspel’s nomination has been praised by some conservative pundits as a victory for women and as an act that is emblematic of Trump’s commitment to gender diversity in government. Although Haspel’s position as a leading female administrator in a decidedly male-dominated governmental office cannot be denied, to paint her nomination as an astonishing milestone for women’s rights is far from the truth. Her previous background in CIA-backed torture schemes, as well as her role as a white woman in a position of patriarchal authority, decidedly go against the ideals of feminism. As many have pointed out, if confirmed, Gina Haspel will represent the first female director of the CIA in the office’s 70-year history. The CIA has historically dealt with major problems
related to diversity; a 2015 diversity report by the organization found that although minorities make up 23.9 percent of the CIA workforce, they only make up 10.8 percent of senior executives. However, to paint Hapsel’s tentative confirmation as CIA director as a wholesale victory for diversity and inclusion—buzzwords for neoliberal America in the 21st century—is inherently misleading. As the past election has shown—in which nearly 52 percent of all white female voters sided with Trump despite his
Editorial Board numerous misogynistic comments—being female does not necessarily suggest that a woman will align herself with the interests of those who have been historically disadvantaged. Although Haspel’s political positions and affiliation are unclear as a long-time government bureaucrat, it is dangerously presumptuous to claim that she will better represent diversity and inclusion simply by being the first female CIA director. Beyond Haspel’s position as a woman in the CIA, her previous background and complicity in the organization’s egregious, infamous human rights
“The selectivity of SLGs and Greek life is poisonous to Duke campus social culture. From my personal experience, I think that a lot of people in SLGs at least believe that as well, but we are caught in a prisoner’s dilemma where individuals are not willing to drop out of their groups or give up group housing of their own accord.”
—Anna Marie Keppel Benson on Chris Molthrop’s March 19 column, “I dropped out of Cooper. Here’s why.”
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abuses also make her nomination deeply troubling. Haspel has been implicated in participation in the CIA’s torture program during the 2000s and even served a stint overseeing a notorious CIA prison in Thailand that utilized waterboarding on numerous occasions. Unsurprisingly, numerous human rights groups have intensely protested against Haspel’s nomination, with some even labeling her a war criminal. Given that she had a decisive role in overseeing programs that actively maimed and psychologically damaged civilians under the cover of post-9/11 hysteria, Haspel does not fit the bill of a feminist champion for diversity and inclusion that some pundits claim her to be. Those who hail Haspel’s potential future position as the first-ever female CIA director as a milestone victory for women’s empowerment in politics remain unfortunately misguided. Haspel’s position as a complicit woman in a patriarchal, imperialist organization with a history of human rights abuses (as well as her own involvement in torture schemes) are not representative of progressive values. If Haspel does break the glass ceiling as the first female director in the CIA, the shards of her victory will most likely fall upon those disadvantaged all across the world in the name of “intelligence” and “security.”
Don’t let the gun debate die
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aybe it was the fact that Las Vegas is my hometown. Or that it was the deadliest mass shooting in modern U.S. history. Either way, 59 people were dead and over 500 were injured. This time, I thought, something had to change. Wrong. It took a school shooting five months later at
Alicia Sun COLUMNIST
Stoneman Douglas and the lives of 17 students to rattle policymakers enough that they would actually put pencil to paper. This action follows 1,607 mass shootings over the past six years. Even so, any change to gun laws so far have been marginal at best. This tells me that, for Washington, it’s not about numbers. It’s not about how many men and women and children were murdered. Only after high school students at Stoneman Douglas, and later all over the nation, took a stand and held their representatives’ feet to the fire that something—not much, but something nonetheless—was done. The problem lies in the American culture America surrounding guns—specifically, in the way we react to tragedies like mass shootings. America has more mass shootings than any other country in the world, and after each one, it has become a societal norm for people to turn to “thoughts and prayers.” For instance, after the Las Vegas shooting, Fox News host Howard Kurtz tweeted, “Gun control is a legitimate issue, but for the Dems already raising it after Las Vegas massacre, could we just have a day before plunging in.” It’s rhetoric we see replicated over and over again, inundating Twitter feeds after a tragedy that many people don’t know how to react to. It’s not unique to one side, either. I was speaking with a friend from high school, who is a liberal Berkeley student, about the Vegas shooting a few days after it happened. He told me he was “sickened” by the immediate politicization of such a tragedy—why can’t we let people mourn before we talk politics? Because politics is the sensible response to a tragedy that is a result of bad gun laws. The only
way to actually get something done, to prevent future lives from being taken, is to plunge headfirst into these issues. What do you need that day for? Do you think you’re doing mourning families a favor by putting off much-needed discussion? Tell that to the victims, who didn’t have a day when they were shot, or to their families who didn’t have a day to say goodbye. It’s a cycle of trite statements and hollow condolences, of thoughts and prayers that culminate into inaction and shun politics. Talking politics after a mass shooting is not a sign of disrespect or disregard. It’s not bickering blindly over laws with no regard for grieving families. At its core, politics is all of us coming together as Americans to figure out how we can change laws and change lives. It’s a rational and proportionate response to a mass shooting to ask what can we do as a society to prevent future mass shootings. More importantly, it makes sense that we talk about it while it’s fresh in our minds, while we feel the pain of loss and frustration with ludicrous gun laws. If we don’t, slowly these feelings of anger and passion will dissipate with the coverage of the tragedy, as it falls back in the news cycle. There’s a reason why many NRA-funded Republican politicians want to wait to talk politics. It’s a strategy to wait until something feels less important and less people are paying attention. After the Las Vegas shooting, a gun bill was debated that very week. That’s the time to plunge in. Gun laws will only change while they are part of the national conversation, so that lawmakers can be held accountable as the country watches. The students of Marjory Stoneman Dougulass know that. They know that if they stop speaking out, we forget, and we stop caring. These high schoolers have broken the cycle that follows mass shootings, where shock gives way to disillusionment, and the voices of the fallen are lost in the abyss with those of other abandoned victims. It’s absolutely crucial that the conversation maintains its momentum through 2018. Keep your candidates talking about gun violence. Make it an issue like healthcare and immigration. It’s a long road to finding a solution, but we’ve finally started the journey. Alicia Sun is a Trinity sophomore. Her column usually runs on alternate Tuesdays.
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WEDNESDAY, MARCH 21, 2018 | 11
Why the culture of Duke men perpetrates sexual assault
hy are we surprised that sexual assault is still happening? Most people are aware of the prevalence of sexual assault in the sense that they have heard scary statistics about occurrences of rape. Despite this, sexual assault is still something that surprises people
Camille Wilder COLUMNIST
disturbingly often. A major component of this problem is that men do not understand what it feels like to be a woman and to be so physically vulnerable. Of course, sexual assault is not a one-gender problem, but women have a 1 in 5 chance of being raped in the U.S., while men have a 3 percent chance. There are power dynamics at play between men and women that center around predatory action and possession which have not been eliminated. The attitude that sex makes men powerful, and women expendable, maintains a role in everyday life. Why, then, do people like Harvey Weinstein or Matt Lauer shock us when their crimes are uncovered? In the 2015-2016 school year, 40 percent of Duke’s female undergraduates reported being sexually assaulted. The fact that this number is so high is concerning in its prevalence, but comforting in that it indicates Duke is not trying to cover up reports of sexual assault. But sexual assault is definitely a problem at
lack out. It’s one of the most popular terms in today’s collegiate word bank, infused with plenty of meaning and memories (or, more to the point, the lack thereof). It’s also one of the most problematic terms in what has become today’s acceptable collegiate culture, with far too many stories of dodged responsibilities and nights gone wrong buried under it as a rationalization or, worse, a laughing acceptance From Orientation Week in 2015 to K-Ville in 2018, during the majority of the parties at Duke University, many a person had blacked out. And while it’s unfortunate to see a fellow student hauled off in an ambulance or slung over the shoulders of friends at the end of the night, at least they’re headed somewhere safe—be it from others or from themselves. Because more often than not, we choose to stay at the party, playing a dangerous but guiltily exhilarating game of “Black out, Black in.” We dance with the unwarranted courage and lowered inhibitions that alcohol engenders, praying that we aren’t putting ourselves in jeopardy as we lose all self-control. We close our eyes and turn off our brains and let our youthful bodies lead the way, progressively numbing all sense of responsibility for our own actions with each excessive chug. And we have come to foolishly expect nothing worse than a hangover in the morning, and a good story to share later in the day (that is, if we can remember enough of the story to tell). But the gap in truly comprehending what our bodies might be capable of when our brains are drowned in alcohol holds within it a terrifying sea of possibility. When we black out, we lose our inhibitions. That is, we lose our “voluntary or involuntary restraint on the direct expression of an instinct.” Simply put, we
Duke. Before progressing further, I want to acknowledge that I am speaking from the heterosexual experience. I understand that sexual assault takes on different variations when it is compounded by marginalized sexual identities. From my perspective, a large component of the issue pertains to how straight male students view straight female students. When a woman goes to Shooters (often intoxicated), sees someone she vaguely knows and says hi, this is somehow perceived to be an invitation to grind on her, to spin her around, kiss her briefly and whisk her from the sweaty mass to hook up. If that is what she wants, then fabulous! More power to the women who want to explore their sexuality through brief sexual encounters. For the women who don’t want this, however, what would otherwise be a meaningless interaction becomes a situation in which a male is claiming their bodies. Once the allure of Shooters wears off following freshman year, often students come to view it as the sleazy, predatory environment that it is. Women who go to Shooters with the intent of finding someone to spend the night with approach these interactions in an entirely different way. They don’t grab mens’ hips to trap them against their bodies; they don’t berate men into paying attention to them. Hookups are often not the meeting of desires that they should be—more often, they consist of a man embarking upon a conquest and then sending the woman away because he “isn’t into girls staying over.” Shooters is not the only place at Duke where predatory dynamics take precedent, but it is a spitting
example of how unequal power dynamics play out between heterosexual men and women. A lot of fraternities and organizations on campus tout that their members are PACTtrained (a training offered by the Women’s Center on gender violence), which is a positive step toward dealing with sexual assault. But no training fully addresses and improves the power dynamic between men and women that encourages sexual assault. Violence against women is a men’s issue because most of the violence comes from men. Things like PACT training push the problem of sexual assault under male noses and force them to think for a couple hours, but at the end of the day, they can still walk out and not have to worry about walking home alone at night. Most will not be catcalled as they go for a run, or grabbed in personal areas at a party. Nor will the overwhelming majority wake up in someone else’s bed the morning after being drunk and have to deal with the fact that their bodily autonomy was violated for the rest of their lives. Men are just not obligated to care about sexual assault in the way that women are required to, because this is women’s reality. So how do we make men care that actions, or those of their friends, are hurting women? Men have to recognize a connection between the girl at Shooters, or the woman at that party whose name they have already forgotten, and the mothers or sisters or female cousins who they love. Sexual assault cannot just remain a headline, or a training class that is a few hours long, because it is a personal issue. Sylvia Plath once wrote, “Girls are not machines you put kindness coins into until sex falls out.” Women are not something to
be won over and discarded. The hookup girl, the friend or any sexual assault victim is also someone’s child, girlfriend or sibling. She is not an anonymous face for someone to sleep with, send off and boast about the next day. This is where the unbalanced power dynamic surfaces: when men get to engage in predatory behavior, are not held accountable and fail to understand the pain they cause. I do not intend to discount the men in the world who care about women and do not engage in harmful behaviors. But there are undeniably men who care more about the number of notches on their bedposts than the wellbeing of the girl laying on a pillow beside them. They are not fringe outliers—otherwise, 40 percent of Duke’s undergraduate women wouldn’t be reporting instances of sexual assault. Maybe they don’t know that what they did was hurtful. Maybe they were heavily influenced by the words and actions of their peers. But they are a problem not only when they assault someone; they are also a problem when they carry out seemingly small microaggressions and assertions of power leading up to an encounter. Fulfilling a desire to be powerful at the expense of a woman’s body is wrong, but our society still does not regard it as wrong enough to focus on eradicating the dynamics that underlie these occurrences. In order for us to make any progress, men must be taught to see the power that they hold and the pain that they create in the wake of sexual assaults. Camille Wilder is a Trinity first-year. Her column runs on alternate Wednesdays.
Blacking in and turning 21 lose the rational ability to read situations, to reason with others and to recognize our own compromised state of being. When we black out, we give ourselves over to pure, unadulterated instinct, with a heavy lean into our willingness to take risks, not recognizing the level of risk itself. We blindly throw ourselves into endeavors, behaviors and speech that we would never even consider when we’re sober. In 2012, Campus Safety Magazine published a study revealing that 69 percent of perpetrators of sexual assault consumed
PChecks. Away formals. Barn parties. LDOC. Halloween. Shooters. Off-campus. On-campus. O-Week. Because which college kid is going to be thinking about getting consent when they’re not even able to think about anything but that which is directly in front of them? And which college kid is going to remember their bystander training when said kid is too drunk to even take care of themselves? Of course, well-mannered men don’t suddenly become irrational beasts with too much to drink, and subsequently view
When we black out, we give ourselves over to pure, unadultered instinct, with a heavy lean into our willingness to take risks, not recognizing the level of risk itself. Jackson Prince Editorial Page Editor
alcohol before their actions. It’s not a giant leap to imagine that if we had the statistics for actions of general harassment or the creation of uncomfortable situations fueled by blacked-in, blacked-out interactions, the numbers would likely be just as high. And these are crimes committed by men 99 percent of the time. With a justice system that cannot fathom the reality that there are far more drunk perpetrators who rape others than drunk victims who are raped (69 percent of perpetrators vs. 43 percent of survivors), it is horrifying that 18-to-22-year-olds at Duke University continue to practice and celebrate the idiotic, dangerous culture of blacking out. We are more informed than ever, and yet we reject our own role in perpetuating a toxic culture. At Carolina Cup. At Beach Week. At
much only to find themselves on the wrong side of a horrifying incident, like the victims involved with the cases of Saifullah Khan and Brock Turner. What we need is to stop blacking out so that we might become the intentional community members we promised to be as 18-year-olds during those orientation week seminars we forgot about. So that we don’t place the burden on our friends’ nights by making them take care of us. So that we can empower our actions, rather than strip ourselves of self-control and rationalize with embarrassing regrets. So that we can create a better “party” environment, one where our actions don’t exist in a vacuum. So that we might be better able to prevent the 69 percent from doing something awful, or to prevent something awful from happening to the 43 percent. We need more active bystanders, and we need less blacked-out dudes, to set an example for those 18-year-old boys looking to 21-year-old boys to show them how to operate at Duke. So on my 21st birthday, yesterday, today and onward, I opt out of playing the game of “Black out, Black in.” I think we’ve all become too smart for that now. Out of desperation, and for lack of a better metaphor, we need to black in for good.
women’s bodies for conquest. Structural patriarchy has contributed to the ways our society treats the issue of sexual assault—and some men will exhibit predatory instincts no matter drunk or sober. However, when we willingly try to black out, our behavior does nothing to alleviate the already-growing epidemic of sexual abuse, already rife with cues and perceptions and complexities. It’s not like we don’t know all of this, either. We don’t need a(nother) student journalist to sit on their well-positioned column and pronounce that binge-drinking Jackson Prince is a Trinity junior. He is the is bad—unless you’re drunk while reading this, in which case I’ll speak outside of AP Editorial Page Editor. Style for good measure: BINGE DRINKING IS BAD. And although it can’t be said too often, we really don’t need to continue shaming and subsequently punishing those who drink too
12 | WEDNESDAY, MARCH 21, 2018
CAN’T MISS EVENTS MARCH 19-MARCH 29
2018 AMI Student Film Awards screening + Rodger Frey Film Essay Award presentation Thursday, March 29 7 pm Rubenstein Arts Center, Film Theater 16 student films to be screened (faculty jury’s selections from 2017 AMI courses), and the award for outstanding undergraduate film essay of 2017 will be presented to the student author. More info: tinyurl.com/2018AMIAwardsEvent
DUKE MFA IN EXPERIMENTAL & DOCUMENTARY ARTS ANNUAL THESIS EXHIBITION Monday, March 19-Saturday, April 14 Power Plant Gallery, Rubenstein Arts Center, and more mfaeda2018.org
KATHARINA UHDE, VIOLIN & R. LARRY TODD, PIANO Friday, March 23 8 pm Baldwin Auditorium Free admission
LATINO/A STUDIES 10 YEAR ANNIVERSARY CONFERENCE: RICHARD RODRIGUEZ Thursday, March 22 4:30-6 pm Nasher Museum of Art
DANCE HEGINBOTHAM & MAIRA KALMAN: THE PRINCIPLES OF UNCERTAINTY Friday, March 23 8 pm Bryan Center Reynolds Industries Theater
SYMPOSIUM: DIGITAL HUMANITIES, COLLABORATION, AND CREATING NEW KNOWLEDGE Friday, March 23 10 am-4:30 pm Center for Documentary Studies
BLUE BY SAMANTHA MEYERS STAGED READING OF ORIGINAL SCRIPT Saturday, March 24, 2 pm and Sunday, March 25, 12 pm Brody Theater theaterstudies.duke.edu/distinction-projects/ blue
Brought to you by Department of Art, Art History and Visual Studies, Center for Documentary Studies, Dance Program, Music Department, Master of Fine Arts in Experimental & Documentary Studies, Nasher Museum of Art, Screen/Society and Theater Studies.