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T H E I N D E P E N D E N T D A I LY AT D U K E U N I V E R S I T Y

MONDAY, MARCH 19, 2018 DUKECHRONICLE.COM

ONE HUNDRED AND THIRTEENTH YEAR, ISSUE 68

JUST A PITT STOP

UNIVERSITY

Judiciary to hear Kristina Smith’s case Tuesday By Likhitha Butchireddygari Editor-in-Chief

The Duke Student Government Judiciary will hold a hearing Tuesday for junior Kristina Smith, candidate for president, to potentially appeal a decision that cost her campaign 200 votes. Last Thursday, DSG Attorney General Shreya Bhatia, a sophomore, and the Board of Elections decided that Smith’s campaign violated an election rule and docked votes from the tally of voters who ranked her first. The next day, the Judiciary announced an injunction that prevented the release of the election results after voting ended as Smith had filed a petition to appeal the decision. Junior Steve Hassey, in a recent letter See SMITH on Page 4

Sanjeev Dasgupta | Sports Photography Editor Wendell Carter, Jr. made all six of his field goal attempts Saturday afternoon, including multiple easy dunks.

Blue Devils use 23-5 first-half run to steamroll Rhode Island, advance to third Sweet 16 in four years By Hank Tucker Sports Editor

PITTSBURGH—Like it has so often for the Blue Devils this season, when the scoring started, it came in bunches. Once the buckets started raining down, there was nothing Rhode Island could do to stop arguably the most talented offensive group in the country at its best. Second-seeded Duke rolled past the seventh-seeded Rams 87-62 at PPG Paints Arena Saturday afternoon, using an electric 23-5 run in the first half to seize control and advance to its third Sweet 16 in the last four years. The Blue Devils overpowered Rhode Island with their size and demoralized the Rams with their shooting, converting on 56.9 percent of their attempts with success both inside and out. “From start to finish. It was one of our best games, and I thought we played in a very mature manner,” Duke head coach Mike Krzyzewski said. “We shared the ball real well. We were patient. The big guys were not getting the ball early, the perimeter scored, and then the big guys started getting the ball. That’s the maturity that you like to see.”

Duke to award six honorary degrees By Shagun Vashisth Health and Science News Editor

The University announced it will award six honorary degrees at this year’s commencement ceremony on May 13.

The win was the 1,099th victory of Krzyzewski’s career, pushing him past Pat Summitt for the most Division I wins ever in either men’s or women’s basketball. After a slow start in which the Blue Devils (28-7) struggled to score for the first eight minutes and found themselves trailing, all five of their starters played a part in the decisive run. Wendell Carter Jr. put them in front with a deep 2-pointer, the last time the lead needed to change hands, and Gary Trent Jr. and Grayson Allen both drilled 3-pointers to help Duke score nine straight points in just over a minute. From there, freshman point guard Trevon Duval drove into the lane to convert a contested floater and Marvin Bagley III spun and finished at the rim twice as the Blue Devils continued expanding their lead. “We just had to keep going, keep believing,” Duval said. “Coach told us to play with passion throughout the whole game, and once we started to play with passion and not really try to think we were going to win, everything took care of itself.”

The recipients will be: Chimamanda Adichie, a Nigerian born writer who authored “Americanah”, the first-year summer reading book for the class of 2018. She is also known for her TED Talk “The Danger of a Single Story” and essay “We Should All Be Feminists.” In 2008, she was awarded a MacArthur Fellowship. Mary Barra, chairman and CEO of General Motors, is the first female CEO of a major global automaker. She was named Fortune’s most powerful woman in 2015, 2016 and 2017. She was also elected chair of GM’s Board of Directors in 2016. Bill Bell is the longest-serving mayor in Durham’s history, having served for eight terms from 2001-17. Bell previously

See M. BASKETBALL on Page 8

See DEGREES on Page 4

The legacy of legacy admissions

Duke pulls away from Bruins

Message from an SLG dropout

First-generation students push University to be more transparent about legacy admissions. PAGE 2

Leaonna Odom scores career-high 25 points to lead Duke to first-round victory. PAGE 7

Guest columnist Chris Molthrop and its housing implications.

INSIDE — News 2 | Sports 5 | Crossword 9 | Opinion 10 | Serving the University since 1905 |

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criticizes

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UNIVERSITY

1G students push University on legacy admissions By Shannon Fang Staff Reporter

Low-income/First-generation Engagement at Duke signed a full disclosure letter that asks the University to be more transparent about legacy admissions. The letter was written by EdMobilizer Coalition—a group aiming to broaden access to college for undocumented, first-generation and low-income students. It requests that the University publicize all policies and data about legacy treatment and create a committee to reevaluate its use. “Our coalition of students and alumni ask our colleges to re-evaluate the purpose behind as well as the extent to which legacy preferences play a role in the college admissions process,” the letter writes. Low-income/First-generation Engagement at Duke is a new student group focused on community building and advocacy for firstgeneration, low-income students. The letter claims that legacy preference is rooted in discrimination because the system was used to curtail the rising Jewish population in elite colleges. Legacy treatment has impacts beyond college by reinforcing class inequity and diminishing economic mobility, the letter states. It also cited a nine-year study of the top 100 universities in the U.S that found legacy preference policies do not significantly impact total alumni giving. The letter concludes that abolishing legacy preference will not affect donations and services like financial aid. “This campaign is not about whether or not legacy applicants like our future children deserve their place in their respective universities. It is about ensuring that all students have equal See LEGACY on Page 12

Special to the Chronicle Melinda Gates, Trinity ‘86 and MBA ‘87, said that though the American workforce had diversified, the American workplace hadn’t to the same level.

Alum Melinda Gates at SXSW: ‘What you can do is insist on equality in the workplace’ By Yuexuan Chen Staff Reporter

AUSTIN, Texas—In conversation with three other female leaders in entrepreneurship, entertainment and media at the SXSW conference March 11, Melinda Gates highlighted the gap between the workforce and the workplace. “The workplace has changed marginally [compared to workforce],” Gates said. After graduating from Duke in 1986 with a degree in economics and computer science and then receiving an MBA in 1987, Gates was the only woman of a hiring class of 10 MBA’s at Microsoft. She was used to being the only woman in the room coding in college, but after a few months at Microsoft, Gates thought about quitting. The workplace around her included

several colleagues who were “assertive, abrasive and even combative”. It worried her that she wouldn’t fit in to the culture. “What I was doing was wrong,” Gates said. “I was actually trying to emulate the people around me and force myself into their way of being, their mold. It wasn’t too terribly long later that it occurred to me that maybe I wasn’t the problem.” ‘Maybe the mold was the problem.’ This lack of belonging that underrepresented populations experience “is a story that repeats itself industry after industry, generation after generation”. Gates encouraged the audience to include equality as a part of every single conversation to lead a “radical redesign of the 21st century workplace”. “[Minorities in the workforce] are both

stalled in their entering and they’re stalled in not rising as high,” Gates said. “And in part it’s because the modern workplace still ensues that talent looks exactly like one thing and comes from one place. it doesn’t know what to do with people who don’t fit that pre-existing mold. It doesn’t challenge those biases and barriers that keep out certain people. It doesn’t invest in the mentorship and support that would welcome every single person here.” Talent isn’t enough to break down those barriers. Talent stands on the shoulders of other people, Gates said. “Somebody somewhere helped you along,” Gates said. “Look, none of us got our jobs because we’re magically so fantastic at everything.” See GATES on Page 12

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Duke scientists create working muscle tissue out of stem cells By Vir Patel

“Being able to study these muscles in 2D or 3D culture systems show [functional] features of diseases,” he said. “And so in this moment we are having a development of disease Duke scientists have developed working human muscle models for different genetic diseases, and then trying to tissue from stem cells, edging closer to creating more test some drugs or chemicals and compounds or even gene personalized therapies for disease. therapies that could be able to correct or halt the disease.” The researchers—led by Nenad Bursac, professor of iPS cells have been studied alongside embryonic stem cells biomedical engineering—converted pluripotent stem cells, in prior research. However, scientists have largely moved away which are a class of cells that can be induced into almost from using the latter because of ethical concerns. In addition, any cell type in the body, to muscle tissue using a carefully Bursac noted, embryonic stem cells cannot provide the same coordinated chemical system. level of precision and consistency when used for study since Induced pluripotent stem cells are converted by capturing they come from embryos unrelated to patients. existing cells from a person and regressing them back into a Because iPS-derived muscle cells are genetically more immature state through biochemical means. Since the indistinguishable from other cells in the body, it might one iPS cells are genetically identical to the cells of the patient day be possible to transplant lab-grown muscles into patients that they come from, researchers can use them to recreate a without concern of triggering an immune response. However, patient’s disease tissue outside the body, explained Lingjun the promise of stem cell therapies is still far off from a technical Rao, a postdoctoral scholar in Bursac’s laboratory and first standpoint, Bursac noted. author of the study. “The reason for that is because there has been the possibility “There are different types of muscular diseases,” Rao said. that iPS technologies may not be safe to use in humans,” he “With [induced pluripotent stem cells], we can take skin cells said. “Because if the cells were not completely regenerative they and then convert them into iPS cells, and then convert them may be [more prone to malfunction]. It does not mean that into muscle.” [stem cell therapies] won’t happen. It just means that it will Historically, diseases such as muscular dystrophy have probably take much longer than what we might expect.” been difficult to study, Bursac added that although there since it has not previously There are struggles about [time] are several ongoing clinical trials and been possible to grow and experiments that have suggested that maintain functional muscle because this is human biology, and in iPS cells are generally safe, current tissue in the laboratory. the human development everything implementations of their underlying Although Bursac and his technology—such as his lab’s muscle team are still fine-tuning happens slowly relative, for example, tissue platform—are not yet equivalent their platform, they are to mouse development. to what would be required to even begin excited by the possibility of considering transplants. nenad bursac studying muscle diseases Human muscle tissue works through PROFESSOR OF BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING with a model that could be electrical stimulation, after which it contracts. subjected to function and The muscles that Bursac and his team have drug-targeting tests for research. developed thus far, however, more closely resemble fetal tissue than With the new functional muscle platform, researchers adult in terms of their contractile strength. could one day tailor therapies for patients by recreating their Still, the muscles that they have produced are far more diseased muscles and testing them against different drug functional than previous efforts. The key to the team’s success, candidates, Bursac explained. Rao said, was how they cultured, or incubated, the iPS cells Senior Editor

Special to the Chronicle Duke researchers converted pluripotent stem cells, which can be induced into almost any cell type in the body, to muscle tissue using a carefully coordinated chemical system.

from beginning to end. Muscle cells do not develop alone, he explained. Instead, they are attached to an extracellular matrix, which provides nutrients to growing muscles and contributes to their organizational stability. Previously, researchers had cultured iPS-derived muscle in a 2-D system, but this often proved problematic because the extracellular matrix and muscle cells would separate as time passed. However, culturing the cells in a 3-D system allowed for more mobility. “During muscle development, immature [muscle fibers] spontaneously twitch, which helps to achieve fusion and maturation,” Rao said. “So what we found is that during [the differentiation of iPS cells], when cells start to fuse, they will contract, and sometimes they will pull themselves off from the extracellular matrix. And in that case you cannot keep them very long in culture—you can keep them for maybe 10 days.” To implement their idea for the 3-D culture system, the See MUSCLE on Page 4

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DEGREES

MUSCLE

FROM PAGE 1

FROM PAGE 3

served on the city’s Board of County Commissioners and as chief operating officer of United Durham Inc. Community Development Corporation. Phil Freelon was the lead architect for the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, which opened in 2016, and has previously partnered with Duke to combat ALS. He lives in Durham and has served as an adjunct faculty member at North Carolina State University’s College of Design. He won the American Institute of Architects Thomas Jefferson Award for Public Architecture in 2009, and received an appointment to the National Commission of Fine Arts from President Obama. William Kaelin, Trinity ‘78 and School of Medicine ‘82, is professor of medicine at Brigham and Women’s Hospital and former associate director for basic science of the DanaFarber/Harvard Cancer Center. Kaelin was elected to be a member of the National of Sciences in They each have been Academy 2010. His research has bold leaders in their had huge implications for understanding cancer, respective fields. anemia, myocardial vincent price infarction and stroke. Russell Robinson II, DUKE PRESIDENT Trinity ‘54 and Law School ‘56, is an attorney and philanthropist, and founding partner of Robinson, Bradshaw and Hinson, where he focuses primarily on corporate and commercial law, securities and nonprofit organizations. He served for 30 years as a trustee and 11 years as chair of The Duke Endowment. During his time as a student at Duke, Robinson was editor-in-chief of the Duke Law Journal. President Vincent Price noted in a press release that the choice in honorary degree recipients aims to inspire the graduating class of 2018. “They each have been bold leaders in their respective fields, and their work has enriched and improved our lives,” Price said. The news about the honorary degree recipients comes after the University announced in January that Apple CEO Tim Cook will be the commencement speaker.

team had to experiment with various chemical conditions and timing patterns to achieve the right balance for proper maturation. “But in a 3-D system, even if they are contracting, the extracellular matrix can move with them. So we can keep the cells intact,” Rao said. “So in our system we can culture them for as long as five weeks.” The specificity required to produce their muscle means that the insights that they derived from tinkering with the 3-D culture system will likely not be useful for other cells, such as those in the liver or brain. Nonetheless, other members of Bursac’s lab have made progress in transforming iPS cells into other functional tissue types. In November, Bursac and his team published a paper in which they converted iPS cells into a heart patch, which was just as strong and sensitive as normal adult heart muscle. Although the muscle tissue that they developed is immature and weak, Rao said he is conducting experiments to accelerate its maturation so that their lab-grown product might one day be just as functional as adult muscle. But achieving this goal is particularly challenging since muscle maturation takes place across several months from embryo to birth and onward—far longer than the five weeks during which iPSderived muscles are cultured. “There are struggles about that because this is human biology, and in the human development everything happens slowly relative, for example, to mouse development,” Bursac said.

Special to the Chronicle Members of junior Kristina Smith’s campaign were handing out fliers outside Marketplace while playing music on an iPad, which could be a campaign violation.

SMITH FROM PAGE 1 to the editor, wrote that Smith and campaign members were handing out fliers in front of Marketplace, which is typical of DSG campaigns. What makes this situation unique is that they were playing music from an iPad. “Collectively, we were having fun, evading the sudden onset of freezing temperatures by flailing around to the tune of some certifiable bangers by the likes of Frank Sinatra and Smashmouth,” he wrote. “We were trying to have fun as the two-weeklong campaign entered its final stages. We consider our actions innocent. The Board of Elections disagrees.” The rule allegedly violated was Section 6 of the Election Rules

and Procedures 2017-2018, which says that while polls are open, students cannot solicit votes “while possessing any laptop, tablet, or similar electronic device that can access the ballot.” Hassey wrote that the intent of the rule was to prevent voter coercion— something he says was not happening in front of Marketplace that day. He also contested the way the Board of Elections made their decision, writing that Smith’s due process rights were violated. He referred to Section 8 number 5 of the Election Rules, which says that “an in-person hearing shall be automatic for violations resulting in a possible penalty of 50 votes or more.” These arguments and more will likely be brought up at Tuesday’s hearing, which will occur at 9 p.m. in Telecom 132.

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THUNDER RHODE

sportswrap WOMEN’S BASKETBALL: BEATS BELMONT IN FIRST ROUND • BASEBALL: WINS SERIES VS. MIAMI


MEN’S BASKETBALL

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6 | MONDAY, MARCH 19, 2018

MAKING HISTORY, AGAIN

Mike Krzyzewski passes Pat Summitt for most Division I basketball wins with second-round victory By Ben Leonard Blue Zone Editor

PITTSBURGH—Christian Laettner’s shot in Philadelphia. Every tournament game with Mike Krzyzewski at the helm. A Final Four shocker vs. UNLV. You can bet David Hay was there for all of it, clad in Duke blue and with a huge grin. Just watching the Blue Devils warm up Saturday, his eyes glowed, especially when he talked about the team. The 1971 Duke graduate and former cheerleader started going to games his freshman year, 13 years before Krzyzewski became the Blue Devil head coach, and hasn’t stopped since. Even as a practicing attorney, he drives six hours from Hilton Head, S.C., to Durham for nearly every home ACC game. After getting hooked on Duke basketball as a freshman watching a triple-overtime win against North Carolina, Hay has seen it all. But it wasn’t always sunshine and roses for Krzyzewski, who went just 38-47 in his first three seasons in Durham. It wasn’t clear that he would win any more games after that. “People wanted him run out of town,” Hay said. Now, Hay can add another feather to his cap: seeing Krzyzewski pass Tennessee legend Pat Summitt for the most wins of all time— men’s or women’s. Saturday’s win against Rhode Island was the 1,099th time Krzyzewski has left a building victorious, as well the second major milestone for Krzyzewski this season after he won game No. 1,000 as Duke’s head coach against Utah Valley in November, becoming the first men’s coach to accomplish that at one school. Saturday’s feat, however, came with much less pomp and circumstance than before.

Sanjeev Dasgupta | Sports Photography Editor

Mike Krzyzewski won his 1,099th career game Saturday night, a continuation of a 43-year coaching career during which he has adapted to changes in the game. Krzyzewski said he didn’t even know he had tied Summitt’s mark with a win Thursday against Iona. He added that Summitt, who coached the Volunteers until the end of the 2011-12 season, was a close friend and would have won hundreds of more games if she wasn’t forced to retire due to early onset dementia. Summitt died from the disease in 2016. Krzyzewski expressed gratitude for the great players he has had and that he is in good health, in spite of the new body parts he has after two knee and hip replacements. “It’s an honor because she was a pioneer in her sport. Her sport, women’s college basketball, took off because of her,” Krzyzewski said. “Her ability to understand that there needed to be another program, and what Geno [Auriemma]

established at Connecticut was helped by Pat, because Pat played the games that gave the exposure. And it became then the two of them, and it would still be the two of them if she was alive because she wasn’t giving anything up to him. It’s an honor.” Auriemma became the fastest coach to reach 1,000 wins in NCAA history in December, and at 63, still could have many years coaching ahead of him. ‘Calm as a cucumber’ How has Krzyzewski gotten to this point? He has been able to consistently recruit elite prospects, but also knows how to develop them and handle the moment, regardless of the outcome.

After Boston College, which had won three ACC games the past three years, shocked his Blue Devils in December, Krzyzewski didn’t lash out. He didn’t complain. And he gave all the credit to the Eagles. “We got beat by a team that played great basketball, and we accept responsibility for that,” Krzyzewski said that Saturday. That collected calm is what Hay has seen consistently from Krzyzewski throughout the decades. “The thing impresses me the most is when we lose, I lose it,” Hay said. “But he is calm as a cucumber and always congratulates the other team. I’m impressed with his grace and composure under pressure.” In that vein, Krzyzewski expressed admiration for Virginia head coach Tony Bennett’s reaction to his team’s historic loss to UMBC—the first time ever a No. 1 seed has fallen to a No. 16 seed. Krzyzewski thrives on adaptation Krzyzewski has also been consistently exceptional in his ability to adapt. Saturday’s win against the Rams was no different. Looking flat early, the Blue Devils couldn’t get anything going on offense. Krzyzewski was forced to take a timeout midway through the half, and Duke immediately went on a 23-5 run coming out of the huddle to explode past the hornless Rams. Krzyzewski didn’t think it was anything he said that sparked the run, but that briefly benching Trevon Duval allowed him to reset and return to being the force he was Thursday against Iona. And playing his zone well didn’t hurt either. The fact that Duke is even running a zone See COACH K on Page 9


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WOMEN’S BASKETBALL

Blue Devils pull away from Belmont in first round By Spencer Levy Staff Reporter

The old basketball adage goes, “defense wins championships.” And although Connecticut scored 140 points up north in its offensive-minded win, the Blue Devils turned up the pressure in the second half to move within a victory of a potential matchup with the nation’s No. 1 team. In the first round of the NCAA tournament, No. 5 seed Duke defeated 12th-seeded Belmont 72-58 Saturday at the Stegeman Coliseum in Athens, Ga. Sophomore Leaonna Odom notched a career-high 25 points and grabbed six rebounds, and 58 graduate student BEL 72 Lexie Brown added DUKE 13 points, five assists and five rebounds in the Blue Devils’ 24th straight first-round win. “[Odom] just makes everyone around her better…. We did not feel that anybody could guard [Odom]. We ran at her at point more in the second, made a couple of adjustments at halftime to give her a chance to give poor Lexie a breather from handling the offense so much,” Duke head coach Joanne P. McCallie said. “[Odom] is a tough matchup for anybody. Hopefully she can enjoy playing at her highest level and she’ll see the team really rise as well.” Although Odom scored a new career high, Brown was not surprised. After the game, the graduate student said that she has played at this level during practice. Brown’s classmate Rebecca Greenwell became the second player in ACC history to hit 70 3-pointers in all four years of her career. She finished with 18 points on 4-of-7 shooting from beyond the arc. The Blue Devils (23-8) pulled away in the second half by locking down on defense on the perimeter. After Duke allowed an early 3-pointer after the break—Belmont’s ninth of

the game—the Bruins (31-4) made just two of their last 11 3-point attempts. “We just talked at halftime and said we need to shut that down. We looked at the score and they only had seven points that were not a three,” Brown said. “We knew that coming into the game that they depend a lot on the three ball. We weren’t taking it super serious in the first half but in the second half we locked down and tried to run them off the line.” The Blue Devils started the game strong. After facing an early one-point deficit, Duke went on a 9-0 run to create some separation. However, as Belmont has done all season long, it used its best shot—the 3-pointer—to get within striking distance with three long balls in four possessions. The Blue Devils missed their final five field goals and 10 of their last 11 shots of the first quarter to take a slim 16-14 lead into the second period. Duke still clung to its early advantage as a result of its nine offensive rebounds in the opening frame, which gave the team 11 more shots than the Bruins. The almost three-inch average height advantage that the Blue Devils owned led to a 15-5 advantage in secondchance points by the end of the day. Junior Faith Suggs entered the lineup for the first time since Jan. 4, when the Blue Devils lost to Louisville. The Flossmoor, Ill., native notched six points, but made her biggest difference on the boards. She grabbed five of her eight rebounds in the first half, and the junior played a season-high 29 minutes. “I think we did a really good job on communicating because we switched sides, and the fans were no longer on our side,” Suggs said. “We worked really well, really good switches and the Lexie ball pressure was probably the best part. Having someone guard the ball like that at all times.” Belmont guard Darby Maggard knocked down her third triple of the game to notch the game at 22 apiece, and three more 3-pointers

Bre Bradham | Associate Photography Editor

Leaonna Odom scored a career-high 25 points, including five in a row late in the third quarter to help the Blue Devils pull away. from Kylee Smith, Ellie Harmeyer and Maggard gave the Bruins a 31-28 lead. Odom drained a pair from the free-throw line to put Duke ahead by one before the halftime break, and the Blue Devils never trailed in the second half, outscoring Belmont 21-9 in the third quarter. “We needed to toughen up. Like we said before, they were depending a lot on the three. We really weren’t worried about that,” Brown said. “We knew our defense was going to wear them down a little bit and our whole focus today was defense and rebounding. When both teams get tired, shots get slow, but you can still play really hard defense and that’s what we did.” In the second half, Greenwell hit her third triple to extend Duke’s lead to seven at 41-34.

After two free throws from Mathias, the Blue Devils earned their first double-digit lead, and they didn’t stop there. Five more points in a row for Odom put them on top by 15. That lead dwindled to 10 before Greenwell drained a 3-pointer in front of her bench. Smith scored eight of the Bruins’ nine points in the third quarter and finished with 20, but it was not enough to keep pace with Duke’s onslaught. “In the first half, we had some communication lapses that were actually comical at times because we left shooters open for some threes that we shouldn’t have,” McCallie said. “I give the team a great deal of credit because, again, second half, they’re at the other end, which See W. BASKETBALL on Page 8

BASEBALL

Duke takes 2 of 3 from Miami to close homestand By Liz Finny Associate Sports Editor

Duke still has not lost a conference series, though it was unable to complete a sweep of Miami Sunday at the Durham Bulls Athletic Park. The No. 20 Blue Devils had a strong showing in the weekend’s first two games, scoring four runs in each contest MIAMI 3 while allowing three 4 runs Friday night and DUKE MIAMI 1 holding the Hurricanes to just one run Saturday 4 afternoon. DUKE Miami Sunday MIAMI 8 responded 2 afternoon to double DUKE the number of runs it scored in the first two games combined, handing Duke a resounding 8-2 defeat. The series wrapped up a 17-game homestand for the Blue Devils after two defeats of ACC foe Virginia last weekend and two victories against Yale during the week as well. “These two teams, UVA and Miami, will be up near the top of our league at the end of the year,” head coach Chris Pollard said. “We had a very

successful midweek series with Yale. I told our guys that even though it doesn’t feel great to lose on a Sunday, you go 4-1 in a 5 game week.... Most folks in college baseball will take that.” In the series opener, Duke (16-4, 4-2 in the ACC) started Adam Laskey, who didn’t make it out of the first inning in his matchup against Miami last season. Laskey pitched through six innings this time, allowing three runs, with only two of them earned. Three Duke errors through the first three innings made Laskey’s job difficult, and they allowed the Hurricanes (9-10, 3-3) to take the lead momentarily. But the Blue Devil offense came to the rescue to tie the game in the bottom of the fourth and take the lead in the sixth. Zach Kone hit a double, followed by Griffin Conine getting hit by a pitch. Joey Loperfido doubled for the fifth time this season to drive in a run, and Michael Rothenberg followed with an RBI to put Duke ahead of Miami 4-2. Ethan DeCaster pitched the next two innings and had three strikeouts, and Jack Labosky closed out the game to earn his second save of the year. Conine and Kone had big defensive plays to end the game, with Conine snagging a line drive in the eighth and Kone turning a game-ending double

play to lead the Blue Devils to a 4-3 victory. Saturday was a fairly restful day for the Blue Devil bullpen, as Mitch Stallings pitched eight innings and had as many strikeouts, only giving

up one run on five hits. Labosky closed the game once again for Duke, striking out two and adding See BASEBALL on Page 8

Jonah Sinclair | Associate Photography Editor

Zack Kone had at least one hit in all three of Duke’s games against Miami and scored in both of the Blue Devils’ wins.


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8 | MONDAY, MARCH 19, 2018

M. BASKETBALL

looked like an NBA team out there with their size and length,” Rhode Island head coach Dan Hurley said. “We would have needed a C-plus game from them just to have a chance today to be competitive. Those guys, that was the best display of basketball I’ve seen played against one of my Rhode Island teams in six years.” Guarded primarily by 6-foot-4 guard Stanford Robinson, a 6-foot-11 Bagley used his size advantage to comfortably turn and shoot or dunk over his defenders when he got position in the post. He scored 22 points on 8-of-10 shooting to lead the team, and all five of Duke’s starters finished in double figures. Saturday marked the 16th time this season Bagley has scored more than 20 points. “They try to front. They try to do different things, throw different things at me that I haven’t seen, so my thing is just being patient,

FROM PAGE 1 By the time Duval knocked down a 3-pointer from several feet behind the arc with 17 seconds left in the first half, Rhode Island was left searching for answers, staring at a 17-point deficit heading into the locker room at the half. Duval had another strong showing as a facilitator, getting the ball to the Blue Devil big men for seven assists and only turning the ball over once against one of the most opportunistic defenses in the country on a dribble that he swore went off his defender’s foot. The Rams (26-8) came out of the locker room with their shoulders slumped and their hands on their knees and never had a chance to make it a competitive game after the break. “They played an A-plus game. They

Sanjeev Dasgupta | Sports Photography Editor

Gary Trent Jr. made four 3-pointers in an 18-point performance, and his hot shooting in the first half helped Duke pull away.

W. BASKETBALL FROM PAGE 7 takes them away from the bench and they have to rely on each other and communicate. It was just great playing off each other. That’s really important this time of year on both sides of the ball that we’re able to do that.” The Blue Devils kept up their defense in the final period and did not let Belmont back into the game. Duke finished with 21 points off 17 Belmont turnovers and the Bruins’ 58 points were their second-lowest total of the season. The Blue Devils will now face No. 4 seed

Georgia Monday in the second round in Athens. The Bulldogs defeated 13th-seeded Mercer Saturday afternoon 68-63 to clinch their matchup with Duke. And if Odom plays the way she did against Belmont, the Blue Devils could very likely soon be on their way to Albany, N.Y., for a potential date with the ever-dominant Huskies next weekend. “I think wanting to advance and give our seniors another game,” Odom said. “That makes me want to take the pressure off of them, so I have to do what I need to do in order for us to advance.”

Bre Bradham | Associate Photography Editor

Rebecca Greenwell became the second player in ACC history to make at least 70 triples in four different years with four made 3-pointers Saturday.

not trying to force anything, letting the ball come to me,” Bagley said. “In the second half, the game opened up. My teammates found me in the right spots, and that’s how we continued to take our lead up.” The Rams’ lone big man—6-foot-8, 275-pound Andre Berry—was overwhelmed by Carter’s skillset and had several rebounds and passes glance off his fingertips when he had chances to contribute. Carter put on a clinic under the basket, making all six of his shots from the field by running the floor for multiple dunks and unleashing an impressive repertoire of low-post moves. The Blue Devils outrebounded Rhode Island 36-29 and challenged its guards from the bottom of their 2-3 zone whenever they tried to penetrate toward the rim. With the driving lanes closed up, the Rams’ offense was absent. Leading scorer and senior guard

Jared Terrell finished with only 10 points on 4-of-13 shooting. “We knew they had two really good scorers in Terrell and [E.C.] Matthews. They are really good shooters, and we didn’t want to let them get hot,” Allen said. “We were very active getting our hands on a lot of passes. And Wendell did an amazing job protecting the rim. He’s contesting shots and then getting back up and grabbing the rebound, too.” After surviving the first weekend, Duke will take the floor again Friday night in Omaha, Neb., to face No. 11 seed Syracuse in the Sweet 16 after the Orange upset third-seeded Michigan State Sunday. “We can do a little more. We’re not going to be satisfied with this just because we won this game,” Bagley said. “We’ve got to keep continuing to figure out what we need to do to make us even better. That’s the motivation.”

Sanjeev Dasgupta | Sports Photography Editor

Grayson Allen had a key 4-point play midway through the first half to put Duke in front by eight, and Rhode Island never threatened to get back into the game.

BASEBALL FROM PAGE 7 another save to his resume. The Blue Devils came out hot, scoring three of their four runs off impressive hitting in the first inning. Jimmy Herron got a leadoff hit and scored off a misplay by Miami that allowed Kone to get to third. Labosky then hit a two-run homer over the Blue Monster to finish off the inning. Miami’s only score came in the third after back-to-back walks and then an RBI single. Conine brought scoring to a close in the eighth inning with a solo shot—his fourth homer on the year. Sunday’s series finale quickly took a turn for the worse for Duke. The Hurricanes had three hits and two runs that all came with two outs in the first off starting pitcher Ryan Day, which turned into 11 hits and seven runs through the first three innings. “After Ryan had the short start—because we like to split-start our midweek games—we didn’t want to extend any one guy too far in this ballgame,” Pollard said. “We were able to get a bunch of different guys out there, and they all pitched well.” As the Blue Devils struggled to stop the Miami offense early on in the game, Duke utilized a deep bullpen and a slew of pitchers in an attempt to come back. Matt Dockman replaced Day to finish the third and pitched through the fourth, but allowed three hits and as many runs. Four pitchers—Bryce Jarvis, Graeme Stinson, Matt Mervis and Thomas Girard—handled the last five innings of the game, combining to allow

just one run. Stinson had a particularly impressive performance on the mound, with three strikeouts, no hits and one walk. Mervis and Girard also had a strikeout each. “I think Miami had about five or six baserunners after the third inning,” Pollard said. “Our bullpen was effective over the last six innings of the ballgame at holding the game within striking distance.” Just as Duke struggled on the mound early, its performance at the plate was no different. Through the first five innings, Duke went three-up, three-down twice and had only two hits—both from Chris Proctor. In the last four innings of the game, the Blue Devils were able to add another five hits, with most of them singles. The large Hurricane lead gave Blue Devil newcomers a chance to play in the ninth, with Duke substituting out eight of its nine starters. Two players off the bench had impressive hits for the Blue Devils. Freshman sub Tyler Wardwell hit a double in the ninth—his first career hit— and Junior walk-on Aaron Therien came to the plate as a pinch-hitter and put Duke on the board with two-run homer for his first career hit after freshman Tyler Wardwell also got on base with a double for his first hit as a Blue Devil. “The process of getting a lot of positional guys in the last two innings is twofold,” Pollard said. “Number one, we don’t want to get a starter hurt in a ballgame like that. And number two, it offers an opportunity for us to develop some young guys, get some guys some valuable experience that will pay diligence for them down the road.” Duke will play two more midweek games before heading to Pittsburgh for its next conference series next weekend.


The Chronicle

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COACH K FROM PAGE 6 is surprising. Usually, it’s a sign of weakness in man-to-man. But for the Blue Devils, it’s arguably become their biggest weapon. Krzyzewski had experimented with both a man-to-man defense and a 2-3 for much of the year, and neither was working at all. In February, Duke had to stare down a loss against lowly St. John’s in which it gave up 81 points. A few days later, Marvin Bagley III stared at his lap in a Chapel Hill locker room with a towel over his head after the Tar Heels scored more than 80 on Duke’s defense once again. But since the Blue Devils have made the switch to a zone full-time, their once-laughingstock of a defense has become an elite force. In their final nine games before the NCAA tournament, Duke’s defense was the top unit in the nation, and climbed all the way to the No. 7 in Ken Pomeroy’s defensive efficiency rankings. “Nobody thought we would be playing zone this year, but he figured out that was best for us,” senior captain Grayson Allen said. “That’s what makes him good—he adjusts to what he has.” He has also been able to adapt to a number of different teams and how the game of basketball has changed over the years. One-and-dones? He’s opposed the rule that requires high schoolers to play one year in college or internationally before going to the NBA. But that hasn’t stopped him from living with the one-and-done reality and using it to his benefit. Duke has seen eight of its freshmen leave after one year since 2014, and could see as many as four more go one-and-done this year. And Krzyzewski has rolled with that tide, winning a championship behind three oneand-done stars in 2015, and has been ranked in the top five in all of those years. Allen has been a part of all four of those teams, and each has

looked completely different due to the annual influx and outflux of NBA-bound faces. “We’ve played differently every year I’ve been here. He [Krzyzewski] really adjusts to the team that he has, our strengths and our weaknesses,” Allen said. “My freshman year, having an incredible inside presence in Jah [Okafor], and having two this year with Wendell [Carter Jr.] and Marvin. The two years before that, really having the strength in four guards...getting a lot of drive-and-kick basketball, and then the different defenses too.” Allen also credits Krzyzewski for molding him into the leader he is today, helping boost his confidence in driving the ball and passing and playmaking abilities. For as confident and fiery as he seems on the floor, Allen said he hasn’t always been confident off it. He would read too much meaning into what others said, he explained. But now, he has reached a point where he doesn’t care. “He really had an impact on me as a leader and being vocal, not only on the basketball court, but outside too,” Allen said. “He turned me into a guy who is secure in who you are and confident in who you are in your leadership.” ‘The Brotherhood’ This sense of camaraderie has seemed to seep into the rest of his family—biological and basketballogical. Hay said he has gotten to know Krzyzewski’s wife, Mickie, over the years from attending so many games. One time, he remembers, he headed to the 1991 NCAA regionals in Detroit. After picking up his daughter from the University of Michigan, they almost missed the game because of the brutal traffic in the Motor City. But after the game, Mickie told Hay to come on back and meet the players, he says. Hay said he went back into the bowels of the arena and got autographs from the Blue Devils.

MONDAY, MARCH 19, 2018 | 9

This sort of tight-knit, family vibe seems to exist amongst Duke players, past and present, who have played under Krzyzewski. “[Family] is something that’s been nurtured over the past 30-plus years since Coach K has been here. I have become good friends with guys who played 20 years after me,” ex-Duke player and current ESPN analyst Jay Bilas said. “You feel a part of something years after you wore the uniform. You know that when the phone rings and there’s a player on the other end, you’re there to help. We’re there for each other.” “The Brotherhood” was the reason Bagley said he came to Duke, as it was for five-star 2018 recruit Zion Williamson. “Duke stood out because the brotherhood represents a family, and Coach K is the most legendary coach that ever coached college basketball,” Williamson said on SportsCenter

after his announcement. “Going to Duke University, I can learn a lot from him.” Former five-star recruit and current freshman Gary Trent Jr. added that he has been able to learn a lot from trying to see things through Krzyzewski’s lens, one of the reasons the 71-year-old head coach continues to land several McDonald’s All-Americans every year. “The way he sees things separates him,” freshman guard Gary Trent Jr. said. “Throughout everything he explains, you’ll be like, ‘Oh man, I didn’t even know that was there.’ And in some magical way, he sees it.” Krzyzewski sees it all. How to fine-tune his defense. How to bring people together. How to win more than anyone ever has. As he has so often, Hay can once again make the journey back to Hilton Head with a smile. This time, maybe a bit wider.

Sanjeev Dasgupta | Sports Photography Editor

Theanother New York Times Corporation It has been season ofSyndication milestones Sales for Krzyzewski, who began the year with his 620 Eighth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10018 1,000th win at Duke in November. For Information Call: 1-800-972-3550 For For Release Release Saturday, Monday, March March 19, 10, 2018 2018

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The Chronicle Our favorite thing about the first weekend: Gig ‘em: ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ happyrock Michigan’s buzzer-beater: ����������������������������������������������������������������� likhithabanana Dan Hurley: ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� askjeev Michigan State’s shot before halftime: ��������������������������������������������winniethepooh Puppies:������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������touché Student Advertising Manager: ������������������������������������������������������������Megan Bowen Student Marketing Manager: ���������������������������������������������������������������������Lizzy Pott Account Representatives: ������������������������������Brittany Amano, Griffin Carter, TJ Cole, Paul Dickinson, Jack Forlines, Matt Gendell, Francis L’Esperance, Jack Lubin, Gabriela Martinez-Moure, Jake Melnick, Spencer Perkins, Brendan Quinlan, Levi Rhoades, Rebecca Ross, Jake Schulman, Matt Zychowski Creative Services: �������������������������������������������������� Rachael Murtagh, Myla Swallow Student Business Manager ����������������������������������������������� Will Deseran, Dylan Riley

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Online subscriptions: Today’s puzzle and more than 7,000 past puzzles, nytimes.com/crosswords ($39.95 a year). Read about and comment on each puzzle: nytimes.com/wordplay.


T H E I N D E P E N D E N T D A I LY AT D U K E U N I V E R S I T Y

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Internship blues

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alls for fare-splitting Ubers crowding social media news feeds, a steady stream of suitcases rolling on asphalt and the palpable dread of postponed midterms: all telltale signs that Spring Break 2018 has officially come to an end. Despite the forecast of temperatures barely hitting above sixty (and even potential snow this week), summer appears much closer now that the one week respite has drawn to a close. Along with the last stretch of classes before finals comes talk of jobs, internships and prestigious summer programs. It seems that childhood summers filled with family and idle days are long gone and the pressure to achieve something, to accumulate work experience and to earn money is prioritized over all. The psychological impact of this mounting pressure to land that highly sought after internship or grant is significant and widespread. An everincreasing ferocity of competition for summer jobs at top companies has resulted in earlier and earlier recruitment seasons, creating anxiety as early as freshman fall. Then, once the chaos of interviews settles and the dust clears, those left with no envy-worthy internship grapple with feelings of inadequacy and panic. Moreover, those lucky few who do earn a spot in the good graces of Goldman

“By mixing and matching students, this random freshman pairing seeks to curb the inevitable path towards self segregation that exists on this campus.” —Grant Besner on Mitchell Siegel’s March 7 column, “Duke housing continues on the wrong path”

LETTERS POLICY The Chronicle welcomes submissions in the form of letters to the editor or guest columns. Submissions must include the author’s name, signature, department or class, and for purposes of identification, phone number and local address. Letters should not exceed 325 words; contact the editorial department for information regarding guest columns. The Chronicle will not publish anonymous or form letters or letters that are promotional in nature. The Chronicle reserves the right to edit letters and guest columns for length, clarity and style and the right to withhold letters based on the discretion of the editorial page editor.

Sachs or an impressive nonprofit are tasked with spending their only long vacation from the stress of school working long hours. Despite the overwhelming mental toll of constantly applying, interviewing and networking, students are still desperate for these positions. Duke undergraduates—like so many other bright-eyed, hopeful students—put themselves through these trials and tribulations hoping the temporary position will look good enough on their resume to net them

Editorial Board a job after graduation in the tumultuous market. Companies are well aware of this desperation and actively prey on it in the form of unpaid internships and vague, noncommittal promises of professional “experience.” Although some types of internships like ones in the consulting industry “are often designed to retain interns, in hopes of eventually hiring them as full-time employees,” most others don’t offer such a direct path to employment. Unpaid internships are already frustrating enough for most students, but after factoring in all the hidden costs, prove to be even more so for those who cannot afford to live

in large cities for months at a time without a steady income. Not only do unpaid internships devalue and exploit student labor, they also directly benefit the rich and shut out those who arguably need the connections and experience the most. Universities offer some financial support for those who can’t afford these internships, but Duke’s program, for example, doesn’t apply to students who will earn more than $1,500 in pay from the position—even though the summer contribution expected of those on financial aid is $3,000. Unfortunately, there exists no one, definite solution to this problem. The nature of the issue is self-perpetuating with few regulatory practices or representative bodies in place. It’s also a symptom of a larger toxic, capitalist mindset of hyperproductivity and the normalization of precarity. However, policies like increasing internship funding and a limit on how early recruiting occurs can help alleviate the situation to some degree. In the short term, a focus on mental wellbeing is essential. Detach concepts of personal worth from internships and jobs, find solace in loved ones and try to redefine how you think of leisure time. Who knows, we might just be able to recapture a small bit of that childhood summer magic.

Social media’s mental health drain

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LIKHITHA BUTCHIREDDYGARI, Editor HANK TUCKER, Sports Editor KENRICK CAI, News Editor SAM TURKEN, Managing Editor VIR PATEL, Senior Editor ADAM BEYER, Digital Strategy Team Director IAN JAFFE, Photography Editor JACKSON PRINCE, Editorial Page Editor ALAN KO, Editorial Board Chair SYDNEY ROBERTS, Editorial Board Chair CHRISSY BECK, General Manager ISABELLE DOAN, University News Department Head BRE BRADHAM, Local & National News Head NATHAN LUZUM, Health & Science News Head SHAGUN VASHISTH, Health & Science News Head JIM LIU, News Photography Editor WILL ATKINSON, Recess Editor NINA WILDER, Recess Managing Editor SUJAL MANOHAR, Recess Photography Editor SANJEEV DASGUPTA, Sports Photography Editor MITCHELL GLADSTONE, Sports Managing Editor LEAH ABRAMS, Editorial Page Managing Editor CARLY STERN, Editorial Page Managing Editor NEAL VAIDYA, Audio Editor JAMIE COHEN, Social Media Editor JEREMY CHEN, Graphic Design Editor CLAIRE BALLENTINE, Towerview Editor JUAN BERMUDEZ, Online Photography Editor NEELESH MOORTHY, Towerview Editor NEELESH MOORTHY, Investigations Editor ABIGAIL XIE, Investigations Editor CAROLYN CHANG, Towerview Photography Editor CAROLINE BROCKETT, Recruitment Chair CLAIRE BALLENTINE, Recruitment Chair SHAGUN VASHISTH, Recruitment Chair SARAH KERMAN, Senior News Reporter KATHERINE BERKO, Senior News Reporter SAMANTHA NEAL, Senior News Reporter LEXI KADIS, Senior News Reporter BRENDA LARSON, Advertising Director JULIE MOORE, Creative Director The Chronicle is published by the Duke Student Publishing Company, Inc., a non-profit corporation independent of Duke University. The opinions expressed in this newspaper are not necessarily those of Duke University, its students, faculty, staff, administration or trustees. Unsigned editorials represent the majority view of the editorial board. Columns, letters and cartoons represent the views of the authors. To reach the Editorial Office at 301 Flowers Building, call 684-2663 or fax 684-4696. To reach the Business Office at 1517 Hull Avenue call 684-3811. To reach the Advertising Office at 2022 Campus Drive call 684-3811. One copy per person; additional copies may be purchased for .25 at The Chronicle Business office at the address above. @ 2018 Duke Student Publishing Company

O

ver winter break, I decided to worsen my social standing a bit by deleting Instagram off my phone. I’d noticed that opening the app had practically become an addiction; any time I wasn’t engaged with a task or person in real life, I would almost automatically open my phone and adeptly scroll through my home screen to reach

Daniela Flamini COLUMNIST

Instagram within a matter of seconds. Although I wish this were a story about how I’d trained for a marathon or learned to speak Russian using all the new free time I had in A.D. (After Deletion), nothing in my life really changed except for being slightly less in touch with my distant friends and family. Oh, and now I’m addicted to Twitter. The reason I don’t mind letting myself spend hours on Twitter, however, as opposed to Instagram, is that at least now I feel insecure about the cleverness of my tweets rather than the prettiness and popularity of my pictures. I stopped doing this when I got to college, but I remember in high school I would literally delete a picture if it didn’t break a certain number of likes. This modern-day, techy and subtle peer pressure is the powerful force of social media that generations above us don’t entirely understand. I remember my mom’s utter confusion when I told her back in December that I was temporarily off Instagram, after she’d asked if I’d seen my cousin’s cute Christmas post. “I got too obsessed with it, and it started to make me feel crummy about myself,” I explained. She asked, “But can’t you just use it to keep up with friends and family, and not let it affect your own self-confidence?” No, I can’t. And most Instagram users can’t either: the app has shown to be “the worst social media network for mental health and wellbeing, according to a recent survey of almost 1,500 teens and young adults. Instagram helped with “self-expression and self-identity,” but “it was also associated with high levels of anxiety, depression, bullying and FOMO.” A New York Times piece from January titled “More College Students Seem to Be Majoring in Perfectionism” argues that although the tangible effects of social media on a child’s self-image are difficult to quantify, there is certainly a rise in perfectionism amongst college students, greatly impacting their grasp on stable mental health. The study cited explains that students are setting “increasingly unrealistic educational and

professional expectations for themselves.” In delving deeper into social media’s role as a catalyst in this phenomena, there is definitely an environment within it that cultivates a panic for perfectionism. I go on Facebook to find updates from my “friends” about their internships at Google and Microsoft or see their latest pictures from their month-long backpacking trip in Thailand. Then I go on Instagram to see how fit, sociable, adventurous and happy all the people I’m following are, followed by Snapchat, which just reinforces what a wonderful day everyone except me is having. Oh look! That girl from computer science class is hang-gliding in Brazil. It’s 2 p.m. and I still haven’t gotten out of bed, but good for her. If I happen to check in on Linkedin, I may add another set of “skills” to make it seem like I’m not spending most of my time binging shows on Netflix, and then I check my notifications about my connections’ latest internships at Goldman Sachs and Bank of Our Interns Don’t Sleep and Make Millions. And by then I’ve probably paralyzed myself with insecurity, so I finally put the phone down. Sometimes, it genuinely feels like the whole system is set up to make us hate our own lives. After all, smart phones are literally “designed to be addicting”—from the colors to the sounds to every specific aspect of the user experience, social media apps want to make us feel like we’re constantly connected and engaged with our “network.” And those networks are now saturated with every random classmate or acquaintance you never wanted to see again, deep down. But there they are, succeeding and being much more photogenic than you, all over your feeds. This constant social and digital engagement has made it difficult to discern our own happiness from the inauthentic narratives we constantly see online. But it’s also sort of the grave that’s been dug for us, since disconnecting from our social media world means losing touch with a crucial part of our culture as American teens and college students. I’ll probably re-download Instagram again soon, maybe while I’m travelling over the summer so I can let everyone know that I’m travelling over the summer. And I’ll spend hours editing and selecting pictures to post and show followers what a fun, down-to-earth, free-spirited chick I am, with perfect skin and flowing hair. And in real life, I’ll be panicking over pimples in the mirror, pissing off about poor reception and missing my dog and parents, wishing I was home. Daniela Flamini is a Trinity junior. Her column runs on alternate Mondays.


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MONDAY, MARCH 19, 2018 | 11

From a former selective

I

dropped out of Cooper, the most selective SLG on campus, after seeing how degrading the rush process is. Cooper is proud of how it does rush, and those in the organization believe they do it the right way. With daily events in January, they put a lot of effort into getting to know

Chris Molthrop GUEST COLUMNIST

each rushee. They also spend significant time on deliberations because, as I recall an upperclassman telling me, “We want to show that we really care. We want to be respectful and supportive of each rushee.” However, there’s a major problem with Cooper and all of Duke’s selective socials: there is no right way to do rush. As a first-year, I rushed because my friend, an upperclassman in Cooper, encouraged me to do so. I trusted this person that the community I’d gain from an SLG would be worth the emotionally challenging rush process. Anyway, why would so many kind, welcoming members of Cooper take part in rush if it were so messed up? Their participation convinced me it wasn’t that bad. Furthermore, once I got into Cooper, I had three social events a week and a dozen new friends I wanted to hang with; I became distracted from the fact that I was drifting from my first-year friends, and I pushed my rush concerns out of my head.

T

My sophomore year, I had a trepid eagerness for rush. My questions about the process were renewed as January approached, and I’d finally get my answers. How did Cooper meet 450 excited freshman and select 20 of them in a seemingly wholesome, authentic way? How did Cooper members cope with the fact that they rejected so many Duke students? I was an upperclassman now, and I’d be able to experience rush and form my own conclusions. Sadly, I’d soon find rush of my sophomore year to be the most difficult time I’ve experienced at Duke. The power dynamic I experienced during rush made me extremely uncomfortable, and I didn’t understand why others weren’t as concerned about it as I was. If they were, they didn’t express it. Immediately after Cooper rush, I wanted to drop the organization and reckon with the fact that I’d participated in a process that had rejected hundreds of students. However, I still lived with the group, and I could tell I was far and away the most impacted by the process from my conversations with other members. No one else seemed as upset about those we rejected. I vowed to drop the following fall when I was abroad, away from the group and its complicity with rush. When I asked an upperclassman how they were not overwhelmingly upset after each January, they gave this advice: “Focus on the new members, it’ll help you forget about rush and how sucky it is.” And this is to me is the root of the problem. For years now, we have a cycle of older members of selective socials telling the younger ones that rush is okay. And once the

younger ones are older, they don’t question it anymore. They think fondly of their mentors and friends that had participated in rush, and they use them as a example of why rush is permissible. But rush should not be permissible. The moral issue with rush is not only that selective groups take away the agency of freshmen (and some sophomores) to select their own on-campus living communities, but also that these groups collectively judge younger peers who they’ve known for less than a month. Yet, these judgments are based on…what, exactly? Dance and a cappella groups select members based on relatively straightforward criteria. Yet, in Greek organizations and selective living groups, how can students not take it personally when they get rejected? What kind of message are we sending to firstyears and sophomores when we reject them after they’ve spent a month getting to know us? And how can Duke support Greek life and SLGs with spaces on campus when they know this vicious process goes on year after year? The fact that these groups are allowed to hold on-campus spaces that they’ve actively made exclusive is inexcusable. Analyzing how new acquaintances interact with you and others is normal and a part of making friends; however, when groups do it to decide if someone can live with them on campus, a place where all Duke students should feel welcome—that is inexcusable. Furthermore, from the rushees’ perspective, selective groups are spending a month getting to know you, which feels awesome because people of different

backgrounds, experiences and ages are taking time out of their lives to learn about you. However, these organizations collectively and quietly reject many of these rushees for reasons unknown to them. Two years ago, Cooper had over 400 individuals sign up for rush. Less than 30 were selected. Even rejecting one person on the subjective merits of their personality is messed up, least of all 370. Now, it would be a major shortcoming if I didn’t remind everyone that there is a solution to all of this: decouple selective groups from on-campus housing. To me, it is inexcusable that Duke allows openly selective groups to hold spaces on campus. The pressure many freshmen feel to rush in search of a vibrant on-campus living community is something Duke could solve by removing the link between selectivity and residential life. Yes, there will be pushback from Greek organizations and SLGs from such a decision. However, if it prevents hundreds of students from being rejected, and thousands from feeling unable to participate in Duke’s social culture, doing so will be worth it. To sudents in selective social organizations and to Duke administration, please recognize the power you have to enact positive change. Recognize that each year, students are hurting from the damaging effects of rush. And to those who don’t reap the institutional benefits of joining a fraternity, sorority or SLG, recognize now as the time to speak up. Chris Moltrhop is a Pratt senior.

Ending democracy, one good person at a time

here is a Cherokee legend in which a grandfather tells his grandson of a fight between two wolves. The one is evil, angry, envious, arrogant and inferior. The other is good, hopeful, benevolent, compassionate and honest. The grandson asks which wolf will win. The grandfather’s reply? “Whichever you feed.” On Friday, Attorney General Jefferson Beauregard Sessions III fed everything depraved in the current administration. He fired former Deputy Director of the FBI Andrew McCabe, late at night, 26 hours before McCabe was due to resign with a full pension and benefits. According to The New York Times, our very own American Solon fired McCabe for a “lack of candor.” Sessions explained that “the F.B.I. expects every employee to adhere to the highest standards of honesty, integrity, and accountability.” If Sessions is so enamored of candor, where was his own candor in Judiciary Committee hearings? “I do not recall” rang out as his ungodly refrain. Germans had a joke about Nazi leadership: the perfect Aryan is tall like the diminutive Hitler, blonde like the blackhaired Goebbels, and fit like the corpulent Goering. Historically, administrations which don’t practice what they preach are up to nothing good. The circumstances of this dismissal wreak of all things dictatorial. This firing comes amidst political attacks against law enforcement officers who are simply doing their jobs. Robert Mueller had the unconscionable gall to cross our fragile President’s “red line,” subpoenaing the Trump Organization. According to The Guardian, the Mueller investigation may even turn against favorite child Ivanka. This news broke before the firing. The firing itself comes at the end of a smear campaign against McCabe (per Politico). Jeff Sessions made the

termination late on a Friday night. Despite his prattling-on about due process and fair review, Sessions did not fire McCabe in keeping with democratic openness. This was no dismissal. This was an execution. And what motivated this attack? What did Trump’s junta use to send McCabe packing? What else but Trump’s favorite pretense for childish behavior, the Hillary emails. Fox asserts that “multiple federal probes and reports showed that [McCabe] lied to investigators reviewing the bureau’s probe” into Clinton’s use of emails. But Sessions

We should ask the same question asked by the Roman jurist Lucius Cassius: cui bono? To whose benefit is this? Let’s consider this through the eyes of Jeff Sessions. He knows the knives are out for him. According to CNN, Trump has tried to edge Sessions out ever since Sessions had the unholy nerve to recuse himself “from any probe related to the 2016 campaign.” In a wild irony, even Robert Mueller investigated this fraught relationship, per The Washington Post. What does Sessions think he stands to gain? The admiration of a childish imposter who hates

There is something about Trump which corrupts. Men who think themselves principled, like Jeff Sessions, become fawning sycophants. The Office of the Inspector General and Attorney General become pawns in Trump’s game of debasing our democratic institutions. Tim Kowalczyk columnist

said McCabe was fired for “unauthorized disclosure” and “lack of candor”—so which is it? Let’s hear McCabe’s side, per his statement. What McCabe disclosed, he disclosed by proper channels and with approval. Where there was confusion, McCabe did his utmost to address it. This is nothing new from Trump: using Hillary Clinton’s moronic mistake to axe those who oppose him. Per the Guardian, Trump all but asked Putin for help in ferreting these emails out. And now that Trump is in office, the emails are no longer something to be gloried in—they’re serious government business. They need to be investigated. People need to be fired. Heads must roll. Trump raised the hue and cry over these emails, crying out “No fair!,” and now uses them to oust his opponents. Hypocrisy, thy name is Trump.

Trump not dividing us. We’ve fallen quiet since then. In the meantime, our whole system of governance has been eaten away from the inside. Trump and his cronies pervert everything they touch. Government is not government to them, but one more means to their selfish, crooked, shameless ends. The plum internships we seek on the Hill or in the intelligence community, our hoped-for careers of influence, are cheapened and perverted when people like Trump and Sessions drag government away from its proper purpose. The consequence is damage to the system and the odd character assassination. Think of Andrew McCabe: a career civil servant who was not looking for trouble. Trouble found him. If we allow rank abuse to become the new normal, it’s only a matter of time before we too fall victim to its excesses. I close with a thought from the great democratic theorist Charles de Montesquieu. “The tyranny of a prince in an oligarchy is not so dangerous to the public welfare as the apathy of a citizen in a democracy.” What happened in Washington on Friday night is not just another firing in a string of firings: it is another step away from democracy and towards corruption. You know best how you can feed the goodness and kindness and honesty in this country; but however you can, you must do it. Nothing else protects us. There is no cavalry. There is no knight in shining armor. There is no “someonesomewhere” about to make a revelation worthy of impeachment, and Robert Mueller’s success is anything but guaranteed. The responsibility of safeguarding our nation’s future rests with “We the People.” It never for a moment left us.

him? A few more days or weeks or months of service in the Trump administration? By the count of Business Insider, Trump has forced out 20 federal officials, friend and foe alike. Did Jeff Sessions really gamble upon Trump’s loyalty? There is something about Trump which corrupts. Men who think themselves principled, like Jeff Sessions, become fawning sycophants. The Office of the Inspector General and Attorney General become pawns in Trump’s game of debasing our democratic institutions. But why should we care? Why should we, Duke University students, care about another official being sacked in Washington? We did care, once. I can remember November 9, 2016. A gray day, and a rainy day, when Tim Kowalczyk is a Trinity junior. His our campus was eerily quiet. We lit up Facebook with posts about resisting, about column runs on alternate Mondays.


12 | MONDAY, MARCH 19, 2018

GATES FROM PAGE 2 ‘We always have to pay that forward.’ Gates asked the audience to consider what men, women and people of color they are pulling behind them. “How are we all pulling society forward?” Gates asked. “Otherwise it’s not going to change.” With only 15 percent of the private sector providing paid family leave, “parents and caregivers have to make these absolutely impossible choices about work and about family.” One half to one of the most famous dual income couples in the world, Melinda Gates added that 63 percent of couples are dual income, but women still carry the bulk of unpaid work and economic dependence is linked to domestic abuse. After Bill Gates left Microsoft and joined Melinda Gates at the Gates Foundation, they had to redistribute tasks at home. “Today I’m gone; guess who’s home today?” Melinda Gates said. “He is. Guess who’s here? Me.” Gates has 15 and 21 year-old daughters and an 18-year-old

LEGACY FROM PAGE 2 footing in the admissions process regardless of whether or not their parents attended a certain university,” the letter states. The letter is signed by 12 other university groups, including some from schools such as Brown, Harvard and Yale. Junior Kayla Thompson, vice president of advocacy for Duke LIFE, signed the letter after receiving no objections from the group. She said the group wants Duke to release information about whether the University has analyzed legacy admissions and the step-by-step process for legacy applications. The alumni website states that “admissions officers give special consideration to [legacy] applicants, including an additional round of review.” The Alumni Association may provide assistance and guidance during the application process, and they advocate for alumni children and grandchildren, the website writes. The association does not review applicants and states that affiliation does not ensure admission. Carole Levine, senior director of the Alumni Admissions Program, wrote in an email that the Alumni Association communicates, educates and coordinates applicant interviews. “Just as with recruited athletes, artists, and others, the admissions office receives input it may find useful, in this case from our office, but always makes the final decision itself,” she wrote. Levine said that over the past 14 years, alumni children at Duke have comprised between 10.3 percent and 13.5 percent

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son. “I want my kids to know that every relationship can be equal whether at home or at work.” Gates said. When Gates shared her excitement about how Mark Zuckerberg as a CEO of Facebook took two months of paternal leave, her daughter asked: why only two months? Gates said that young people, especially women and people of color, enter the workforce eager and ready to have their ideas take hold and all of a sudden, they bump up against barriers and biases, making them question whether they belong. “And that’s because while the American workforce has evolved dramatically over the course of my lifetime, the American hasn’t caught How are we all pulling workplace up to that,” Gates said. The measure of society forward? success, Gates added, is melinda gates whether it can work for TRINITY ‘86 people who don’t look like her dad. People who aren’t a white guy with a stay-at-home partner and a Stanford degree. The workplace

is still designed by and for people like her dad, but Gates noted that this is unsustainable and holding America back—slowing the economy, slowing innovation and squandering opportunity. Gates looks for investors who disproportionately invest in women and people of color because women get less than 2 percent of all venture capital funds and women of color, less than 1 percent. “Ten years from now, these guys are going realize all the deals they left off the table and think that it was crazy that more money wasn’t flowing in that direction,” Gates said. “So even if you have these great ideas, the chance for investment [for women and minorities] is miniscule,” Gates added. The reason for this, Gates said, is that investors put dollars in what they know and what is safe: white men and white men’s ideas. To combat this, the Gates Foundation makes names and schools anonymous when hiring. “You know we can’t keep building the same old blueprint that created the old boys club,” Gates said. “What you can do is insist on equality in the workplace.”

of each class. Comparatively, Princeton’s website states that 13 percent of its class of 2021 are children of alumni. The Harvard Crimson has reported that over 29 percent of Harvard’s class of 2021 had relatives that attended Harvard. Thompson explained that Duke LIFE is important because it allows first-generation students to meet, interact and help them form a sense of identity. She said she did not realize being a first-generation student was a disadvantage until she arrived at Duke and faced many barriers. The club also pushes for policy revolved around increasing equity. “We think it’s important to understand more about the legacy process because Duke, like a lot of our peer institutions, has consistently been pushing for more representation of low-income students and more equity within the admissions process as a whole,” Thompson said. “We want to better understand what legacy preference means for equity in the admissions process.” Thompson noted that data from other schools show that legacy preference disproportionately favors white and affluent students. Students at Brown University are holding a referendum to create a task force that will research the effects of legacy preference, she explained. She added that other peer institutions hope to learn from the referendum process to identify what was effective. The University admissions office does not publish an admissions rate for legacy students. Thompson said she does not believe the decision to not publish this data is out of bad intentions. However, she noted that publishing statistics will increase transparency and have no affect on number of applicants or alumni funding.

A first-year who decided to remain anonymous, whose father attended Duke, said he also supports greater openness regarding legacy admissions. “I think that more transparency in the application process is always an improvement that would benefit the entire university,” he wrote in an email.

Chronicle File Photo For the past 14 years, alumni children at Duke have comprised between 10.3 percent and 13.5 percent of each class.

March 19, 2018  
March 19, 2018  
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