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Suite life

Missing their leader

Duke buys 300 Swift to house displaced students during Crowell renovations | Page 2

Duke’s big men combined for just six points and eight rebounds without Jefferson | Sports Page 13

The Chronicle T H E I N D E P E N D E N T D A I LY AT D U K E U N I V E R S I T Y

WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 11, 2017

WWW.DUKECHRONICLE.COM

ONE HUNDRED AND TWELFTH YEAR, ISSUE 44

OVERWHELMED

Twelve-man Florida State rotation wears down Blue Devils with Jefferson sidelined Sameer Pandhare The Chronicle TALLAHASSEE, Fla.—In the first game following his suspension for tripping outside of the friendly confines of Cameron Indoor Stadium, guard Grayson Allen was the subject of a handful of signs—most with jabs at the junior’s tripping incidents— shown on the scoreboard at the Donald L. Tucker Center during the pregame shootaround. Things did not get much better for Allen and his team when they took the floor in front of a raucous Seminole crowd hoping to watch their team achieve the best start in program history. No. 9 Florida State took control with a 10-0 run midway through the second half of an 88-72 win against No. 7 Duke Tuesday night. Sophomore Luke Kennard led the way for the Blue Devils with a team-high 23 points and freshman Jayson Tatum added 21, but Duke’s offense struggled against the Seminoles’ physicality on the perimeter and tied a season-high with 16 turnovers. “We just need to bring our own energy and come together more,” Allen said. “I don’t think we shared the ball well tonight. I don’t know how many assists we had, but it wasn’t close to our totals from the last two games. We can’t do that. We need to stick to what we do best on offense.” Allen left the game with 5:36 remaining following a battle for a loose ball but said in the locker room after the contest that he is fine and not injured. Facing its toughest challenge to date

Carolyn Chang | The Chronicle Florida State forced 16 Duke turnovers and ripped off 10 straight points midway through the second half to take control Tuesday.

in ACC play without the services of cocaptain Amile Jefferson, who was sidelined with a right-foot bone bruise, Duke (14-3, 2-2 in the ACC) opted for a smaller look with Tatum shifting back to the four spot. Although the Blue Devils were able to spread the floor, Duke paid dearly on the glass and was outrebounded 38-30 by the relentless Seminoles (16-1, 4-0), who racked

up 56 points in the paint. “We just tried to fight them. We knew they had a relatively big lineup and that they would crash the glass hard, so we just made an emphasis on trying to box out and all five of us trying to help rebounding,” senior Matt Jones said. “They played with a lot of energy tonight and that ultimately got us.”

Florida State was led by the backcourt duo of Dwayne Bacon and Xavier RathanMayes, who combined for 34 points and facilitated the Seminole offense during the game-changing run. Rathan-Mayes—who was tripped by Allen when the teams met a year ago— See M. BASKETBALL on Page 14

Huge interest in black tenting leads to trivia tiebreaker Mitchell Gladstone The Chronicle If Duke students of years past were not already crazy enough about their men’s basketball team, then this year’s crop might be the craziest yet. With more than 160 tenting groups registered as of last Friday, the Krzyzewskiville line monitors were forced to improvise and figure out how to determine which tents will earn one of the first 70 coveted tent spots in the annual tent village. After a few days of deliberation, coHead Line Monitors Steve Brenner and Delaney King announced via email Friday that a trivia contest slated for Wednesday evening at Cameron Indoor Stadium will do just that.

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“Within a few hours after we released the tent registration form, we learned that the interest was ultimately going to exceed our capacity, so we decided we wanted to do something different,” Brenner said. In most years, the registration form has functioned simply as a formality to indicate a group’s desire to start tenting. But with a shorter than usual tenting season—just 21 days, running from Jan. 12 through Feb. 2—more than 100 groups signed up within the first 12 hours after the form was released. The situation was “highly unprecedented,” Brenner said. Although official K-Ville policy states that registration time is a factor for tents that start after the designated start dates for the longest periods of tenting, the line monitors felt as a group that time alone would not be fair in

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this scenario. “Everyone was throwing out a lot of ideas, and we tried to weigh every possibility,” said junior Diane Hadley, co-vice president of tenting. “We ended up getting to our solution mostly because we were thinking of future years.” Although the pencil-and-paper quiz has yet to be completely designed, Brenner and Hadley both explained that the questions will be written so that any student who has followed the team this year will be able to answer them—and even those new to Duke will not have to spend hours studying decades of Blue Devil basketball history. But that does not mean all students are thrilled by the latest change. “I wish they had said how many tents See TENTING on Page 6

Serving the University since 1905

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Izzi Clark | The Chronicle A short tenting period this year has led to huge demand for one of the first 70 spots in the annual tent village.

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2 | WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 11, 2017

‘Unprecedented’: Professors Students to live in 300 Swift debate N.C. legislative coup during Crowell renovations Alethea Toh

Abigail Xie

The Chronicle

The Chronicle

Duke professors had mixed reactions about the legitimacy of new laws curbing Governor Roy Cooper’s powers. North Carolina’s General Assembly recently launched what some have described as a “legislative coup” by passing a string of bills that grant greater authority to the legislature. The bills effectively give control of State and County Boards of Elections to Republicans, change State Supreme Court elections to partisan races and curb Cooper’s power to appoint cabinet secretaries, state employees and trustees of the state’s public universities. The Republican-controlled legislature convened in mid-December in a surprise special session immediately after another special session meant to discuss relief efforts following Hurricane Matthew and mountain wildfires. The bills sparked Democratic outrage and public protests, generating a wave of legal challenges. The Chronicle spoke to several Duke professors who shared their thoughts about the new legislation. Some felt that the recent bills were unprecedented in North Carolina’s political history. “The Democrats took one or two steps to limit the power of the incoming Republican governor in 1972 and 1984, and the Lieutenant Governor in 1988, but the size and number of changes made by the Republicans this time is completely new,” said Mac McCorkle, associate professor of the practice in the Sanford School of Public Policy. Robert Korstad, professor of public policy and history, also noted the unusual nature of the changes. Although shifts in administrative functions are normal with every transition from one political party to another, “what was done in the special session to really limit the prerogatives of Governor Cooper was unprecedented,” he said. However, Michael Munger, professor of political science and director of the Philosophy, Politics and Economics certificate program, disagreed. In a column in the North State Journal, Munger recently penned a piece titled

Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons The bills passed by the General Assembly limit Roy Cooper’s power as governor.

“The real Tarheel coup,” arguing that anger among Democrats is hardly justified. “In 1976, after Jim Hunt was elected as Governor, the Democrats in the General Assembly passed legislation that authorized the immediate firing of everyone who had been hired to administrative positions in the past five years. This has come to be referred to as the ‘Christmas Massacre’ by Republicans,” Munger wrote. John Aldrich, Pfizer-Pratt University professor of political science, shared similar sentiments. He recalled that the legislature would occasionally increase the power of the governor when the same party controlled both the executive and legislative branches. “The reason that [decreasing the power of the governor] is rarer is that the Democrats had unified control of government, without interruption for 7075 years in a row, so there was no need to change the power relationships for partisan purposes,” Aldrich wrote in an email. The legislature’s critics pointed to previous Republican efforts to secure partisan advantage since they took over in 2011. Some laws, such as legislation affecting voting procedures, have been struck down as unconstitutional. McCorkle noted that there could be a See LEGISLATIVE COUP on Page 6

Costs of living in the new apartments for this year will be the same as living in Crowell, Gonzalez explained. One-bedroom apartments—the most common option at 300 Swift—will house two students. The cost of one-bedroom apartments at 300 Swift currently range from $1,025 to $1,640 per month, according to nearDuke.com. Housing in an air-conditioned double in Crowell for the 2016-17 school year cost $8,286 per person. Larry Moneta, vice president for student affairs, wrote in an email that all 300 Swift residents’ current leases would be honored but that they would not be renewed. Current residents include Duke seniors, recent Duke graduates and non-Duke affiliated residents. Kate Abendroth, Trinity ’16 and a current resident of 300 Swift, said she was not aware that leases were not being renewed. The only communication she had received about the purchase was a letter from Durham Reality Incorporated, the corporation through which Duke acquires real estate, notifying her about the change in ownership. “As someone who is a recent graduate of Duke, I’m upset that Duke is going to make

Crowell residents—including members of four independent houses and selective living groups Cooper House and Wayne Manor—will be relocated to the apartment complex on 300 Swift Avenue for the 2017-18 academic year. Last month, Duke purchased the 202unit apartment complex for $50 million, regarded as one of the more upscale buildings near campus and a popular choice for seniors living off-campus, to provide housing for those students who will be displaced during upcoming campus renovations to Crowell and Craven. The complex will be used after that to continue housing students as the University accelerates its plans to demolish portions of Central Campus, said Dean for Residential Life Joe Gonzalez. “It really made a lot of sense to add this complex to our inventory to accommodate undergraduates,” Gonzalez said. The 300 Swift apartments are located near Central Campus and come in studio, one-bedroom and two-bedroom layouts. Amenities include a washer, dryer and full kitchen in each apartment, as well as a gym, See 300 SWIFT on Page 6 pool and parking garage for the complex. Duke Housing, Dining and Residence Life will be providing furniture. Beginning in Fall 2017, approximately 300 students will be living in the apartments, Gonzalez said. That number will increase as the leases of current Swift residents expire and Duke is able to use more of the apartments. According to the Student Affairs website, as many as 450 students will be housed there throughout the year. “I’d imagine that students who are moved there will feel like they won the lottery,” senior Dylan Grien, who currently lives in 300 Swift, said. “I was amazed at the quality of living when compared to my friends on Central and myself on West. It’s a total night and day difference. I was Chronicle File Photo definitely surprised when they made the Duke recently purchased the 300 Swift apartment complex for $50 million. announcement.”

PROJECT SHARE Thank you Blue Devils for sharing your Holidays!

Through the generous donations and committed efforts of Duke Athletics Administration, Duke University Athlete Advisory Council (DUAAC), Duke Chapel Congregation, Duke Stores, and the following individuals, groups, DUMC and university departments, the Duke community joined together to provide gifts for 436 people (close to 200 families) this year at a cost of $50 per person! 8 East Neuro ICU, 8 West, 4300 Duke North, Dr. Ann Allison, Alzheimer's Disease Center at Duke, Janet Bailey, Elizabeth Matteson Bechard, Myra Blackwell, Carl Boler, The Conklin Family, Continuing Education, Mr. Michael S. Cragg, dPS Freshman Connect Team, Department of Pastoral Services, Dietary Department, Duke ADHD Program, Duke Athletics, Duke Clinical Research Institute (DCRI) Clinical Trials, Duke Clinical Trials Transformation Initiative, Duke Emergency Department, Duke Food Services, Duke Health Technology Solutions - Internal Support, Duke Health Technology Solutions - Professional Billing and Cash Management, Duke Library, Duke Marketing and Communications, Duke Medicine Development and Alumni Affairs, Duke North Nurses Staff 6100, Duke Office of Clinical Research, Duke Presbyterian Campus Ministry, Duke Primary Care, Duke School of Medicine, Duke Softball Team, Duke TIP, Emily Durham, Briana Edwards, Environmental Services Medical Center, Fuqua School of Business - Annual Giving, Dr. Travis Andre Gayles, Lisa Giragosian, Global Education Office, Global Health, Pam Groves, Guest Services, Alexandra Hasch, History Department, Hannah Jacobs, Melvis James, Pat James, Will and Juanita James, Jenny Johnson, Lisa Jordan, Howard I. Kallem, Mark and Sandy King, Medical ICU - 6E, L. Elaine Madison, Terri McEachin, Tracy McNeil, Sam Miglarese, Dr. Eric Mlyn and Judy Byck, Lathan Nobles, II, Paul Noe, Nutrition Services, Office of News and Communications, Office of Undergraduate Education, Office of Undergraduate Scholars and Fellows (OUSF), Performance Services, Program in Education, The Purtell Family, Jason and Domoniqúe Redmond, Registrar's Office, Dr. Richard Ridell, Cornell Royster, Rubenstein Library, Jean Rundquist, Julian Sanchez, School of Medicine Finance Department, Carrie Slaughter, Student Affairs Financial and Payroll Services, Sandra Tourt-Uhlig, Tom and Mary Trabert, Unit 4100, Dave and Judy Vos, Sam Watson, Sheila Webb, Williams Ward, John Weiner, and Marissa Young.

Each fall, in cooperation with the Volunteer Center of Durham and the Durham Department of Social Services, the Duke Community Service Center sponsors Project Share. Through this program, members of the Duke community provide gifts to Durham individuals and families in need during the holiday season.

Modern Repertory w/ Barbara Dickinson 1st audition - Thurs, Jan 12 @ 6:15p 2nd audition - Tues, Jan 17 @ 6:15p Ark Dance Studio (intermed & advanced dancers) Bharatanatyam Dance Repertory with guest artist Mythili Prakash

Fri, Jan 13 @ 6:15p Ark Dance Studio (some previous training required)

Tap Repertory with Thomas F. DeFrantz Tues, Jan 17 @ 3:05p Hull 105 (1515 Hull Ave) Dance Theater Repertory with Thomas F. DeFrantz Tues, Jan 17 @ 3:05p Hull 105 (1515 Hull Ave) Ballet Repertory with Julie Janus Walters Tues, Jan 17 @ 8:00p Ark Dance Studio African Dance Repertory w/ Ava LaVonne Vinesett Wed, Jan 18 @ 7:45p Ark Dance Studio Come dance with us at ChoreoLab 2017!

danceprogram.duke.edu


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WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 11, 2017 | 3

Understanding concerns about Trump’s relationship with Putin Diane Hu The Chronicle President-elect Donald Trump is at odds with several intelligence agencies regarding the role of Russian interference in the 2016 election. A report released last week by the Central Intelligence Agency accuses Russian President Vladimir Putin of ordering an influence and information campaign designed to boost Trump’s candidacy. Although Trump acknowledged that Russia and China are trying to penetrate American cyber infrastructure, he insisted after a classified briefing that hacking had “absolutely no effect on the outcome of the election.” “We also assess Putin and the Russian Government aspired to help President-elect Trump’s election chances when possible by discrediting [Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton] and publicly contrasting her unfavorably to him,” the report said. But the document is also short on specifics about exactly what evidence the agencies used to reach this conclusion, noting that the “full supporting information” is only present in the classified report in order to protect sources. Reactions to the affair have been divided. Citing the lack of concrete evidence, Republican House Speaker Paul Ryan said the report should not be used to cast doubt on Trump’s victory. Republican Senators John McCain and Lindsey Graham have urged Trump to take a stronger position on Putin, to which Trump has said only “fools” would oppose better ties with Russia. Senior Adam Lemon noted it is predictable from a political standpoint that Trump will

not openly agree that the election was rigged against his opponent. “They would deny that to the grave, so I don’t think that’s surprising,” noted Lemon, former chair of Duke College Republicans. But he said nonetheless that Trump’s statement is concerning. “The troubling part has to do with the fact that he doesn’t necessarily comprehend the role that intelligence agencies play, and that they are not supposed to be political whatsoever,” Lemon said. “He seems to think of them as almost obstacles.” Ellen Mickiewicz, James R. Shepley emeritus professor of public policy, echoed the sentiment. She said Trump’s statements were not based on “deep knowledge” or “experience.” “It’s dangerous, or let’s say dysfunctional, for a presidential administration not to take into account all the possibilities and their consequences with as full knowledge as possible and then making decisions,” she said. Trump did receive a classified briefing on the issue last Friday, but in general, he has insisted he does not need to have a intelligence briefing every single day. At the same time, it would be a mistake to assume that Russia’s influence significantly altered the election results given the current evidence, Mickiewicz said. Junior Amy Wang, vice president of Duke Democrats, noted that agencies have only pointed to an information campaign, not the altering of ballots. “Did it play a statistically significant role in moving the election one way or the other?” Mickiewicz said. “No. There’s no evidence to suggest that.” The affair has also created a rift between outgoing President Barack Obama and the incoming Trump administration.

Don’t miss a beat, it’s the cold, heart truth

Chronicle File Photo Despite receiving classified briefings on Russia’s efforts to interfere with the election, Donald Trump insists that the hacking had no effect on the outcome.

Obama announced sanctions on Russia’s two leading intelligence services at the end of December, also expelling 35 Russian diplomats. In a tweet the same day, Trump praised Putin as “very smart” for not immediately enforcing retaliatory sanctions. “Does it undermine President Obama? It certainly does,” Mickiewicz said. “We’re only supposed to have only one president but President-elect Trump has been acting like president ever since he won the election.” Given the sharp divide between the stances of incoming and outgoing presidents, Lemon said the future of Russian relations is uncertain. “It could very well be that Trump and

Putin have a good working relationship,” he said. “That’s just not been the cycle of U.S.Russia relationships since the end of the Cold War. It’s been one of high hopes and constant disillusionment.” Mickiewicz also noted that lawmakers have been reminded of the importance of cybersecurity after the report but that she is concerned partisan politics will outweigh efforts to address the problem. “It’s not just elections, it’s that almost every major element of how a country runs is controlled by mechanisms that pass through cyberspace,” she said. “So every country has to harden those defenses. You can’t leave loopholes.”

Primate Sexuality

While a broken heart won’t kill you, a serious cardiac event can. Show you care this MLK Day and

“Just Beat It” Think about it... n That someone you save could be your family member, your roommate, your teammate… n Would you know what to do? Would you be able to save your loved one’s life? n Would you be a bystander or would you take ACTION? Come to Wilson Gym on Monday January 16th (no classes) to “Just Beat It” and learn to Save A Life! 5 different CPR Training Sessions • Session 1: 12:00-12:45 • Session 2: 1:00-1:45 • Session 3: 2:00-2:45 • Session 4: 3:00-3:45 • Session 5: 4:00-4:45 Where: Wilson Gym When: January 16th starting at noon Become CPR trained FREE healthy snacks & healthy eating guides from Duke Dining FREE Health information from Duke Student Wellness FREE Health Screening checks and Awareness tables from Duke Medicine FREE bone marrow & tissue registration by Project Life

Register at: https://www.surveymonkey.com/r/JustBeatIT

Explore primate societies, mating systems, & reproductive strategies to reach a better understanding of how species diversity relates to sexuality. Study the endocrine system & reproductive organs to uncover the relationship between steroid hormones & behavior. Challenge assumptions about sexual dichotomy by addressing the mechanisms of sexual differentiation of morphology, brain & behavior.

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EvAnth 341D/Biology 341D NS and STS codes Dr. Christine Drea T/Th 11:45-1pm

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4 | WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 11, 2017

The Chronicle

New professor explains research in brain-inspired computing Grace Mok

HL: As someone working in this area, I certainly believe that this is the future and this is the trend. In history, there are a lot of ups and downs of artificial intelligence. In recent TC: What inspired you to do this kind of research? years, it again achieved tremendous success. However, HI: I started my Ph.D. in microprocessors. Then, I joined compared to what humans can do, there is still a huge space companies and joined the networks of new technologies for computers to improve. If you’re asking me, computers and spoke to defense agencies, like the Department of can’t think by themselves and can’t find problems by Defense and the Department of Energy and found that our themselves. They do not have curiosity. They can’t do computers, even though we love them so much and use them anything without specific algorithms. This is something we so much, are not smart enough. There are a lot of tasks that are curious about and trying to solve, not in the short term, cannot be operated or realized. From the other end, our but for certain areas and applications. human brains are very efficient. They’re light, respond fast and learn by itself. So from other conversations and research TC: Do you think that artificial intelligence will ever exchanges, I decided that intelligent computing will be the become conscious? future. And this is how I initiated my research work in the HL: I personally believe it and am looking forward to it. I beginning. think right now that the situation is way different from what we had in the past. Right now, people have made significant TC: What do you think of the future of artificial progress in nanotechnologies. We have the new medium intelligence research in general? and technology to develop completely new computer architectures. People also have a much better understanding of biology, DNA, cells, brains. People already have also developed clear theory, statistics and machine learning. Furthermore, people have extensive databases, and those are essentially the foundation of artificial intelligence as well. All the components are there, but our major challenge is putting them together to enable artificial intelligence. I believe that this is something we will be able to achieve eventually. hardware architectures. Then we can improve the efficiency, meaning the computation speed and energy efficiency.

The Chronicle This month, Helen Li—who is known for her research in braininspired computing systems—will join the department of electrical and computer engineering. After earning a Ph.D. in electrical engineering from Purdue University in 2004, she worked at Qualcomm Inc., Intel Corp and Seagate Technology before returning to academia in 2009. The Chronicle’s Grace Mok talked with Li about her research and her thoughts on the future of artificial intelligence. The Chronicle: Can you explain what your research is about? Helen Li: We have a few research topics. The reason I joined Duke majorly is trying to exchange research about future computing. Future computing is sometimes called more specifically “brain-inspired” computing. My research is trying to mimic brain biology structures and develop similar

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TC: In this field of artificial intelligence, how does Duke compare with its peer institutions? HL: Duke is extremely strong in bio-engineering, machine learning, nanotechnologies, data center, computer engineering and more. Duke is at the learning position and has a lot of potential. In each individual area, Duke is very, very competitive, but since artificial intelligence is not one discipline, it requires multidisciplinary effort. TC: Is your industry experience unusual for electrical engineering Ph.Ds? HL: Compared to my colleagues, I jumped between companies with different backgrounds. For example, Qualcomm is working on communications, Intel is working on microprocessors and Seagate is working on magnetic technologies. So they all have different backgrounds and different strengths. I actually learned a lot from different perspectives. My research has always focused on computing, but all of these industry experiences have helped me understand from different angles and develop relationships with people in different areas.

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TC: Why did you decide to come back to academia? HL: What I learned and did was more and more toward emerging device technology and neuromorphic computing. I actually have a lot of curiosity in trying to continue the research. Developing neuromorphic computing systems by leveraging novel nanotechnologies far exceeded industry interests. Companies work to make things happen and commercialize and make money very soon. But I was looking toward things in a further sense. Coming back to academia helped me develop my own research direction and achieve my dreams in the area. This interview has been condensed for print. The full version can be found online.

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Courtesy of Duke Photography Li’s research focuses on mimicking brain biology structures to develop similar hardware architectures.


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WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 11, 2017 | 5

ATTENTION: BONFIRE GUIDELINES January 11, 2017

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trators subsequently agreed on the guidelines outlined below which will help ensure everyone’s safety. 1.

marked boundary and everyone should remain outside that boundary.

2. 3.

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4. Bring beverages in plastic bottles or cans. 5. Do not sit or stand on building roofs. 6. 7. 8.

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maintain this tradition for years to come.

Tara Bansal President Duke Student Government

Tallman Trask III Executive Vice President Duke University


LEGISLATIVE COUP from page 2 “technical argument” made in the courts to undo the laws, as “it certainly seems unconstitutional, was improperly processed and rushed and severely lacks transparency.” “Neither [the session used to pass House Bill 2 nor the recent special session] were models of democratic deliberation,” McCorkle said. Notwithstanding the technicality, McCorkle said he doubted the legislation as a whole could be challenged and thrown out like other laws have been. “Here, I think specific challenges and specific points might be ruled unconstitutional but not the whole package,” he said. Korstad noted that the changes to Boards of Elections may be successfully challenged in the courts. “Courts are likely to see it as trying to restrict the rights and access to ballots of people, particularly voters of color, poorer voters and voters from rural areas, who don’t traditionally vote Republican,” Korstad said. However, Aldrich wrote that he does not think such challenges are likely to be successful, even though the changes

ASIAN & MIDDLE EASTERN STUDIES Space is available in the following

AMES Spring 2017 courses

AMES 219S

Civil Society and Civic Engagement in the Arab World Introduces students to realities of civil society and the mechanism of civic engagement in the Middle East and North Africa; explores assumptions on the role of civic engagement in promoting democracy; examines theoretical questions related to applying Western concepts of civic society in mostly majority Muslim countries. Mbaye Lo

AMES 295S/AAAS 295S/RELIGION 295S/ICS 222S/GSF 296S

Black Islam Early Muslim slave communities, Muslim slave rebellions in Brazil and the Caribbean, Muslim slave autobiographies, Moorish Science Temple, Nation of Islam, Malcolm X, Muhammad Ali, women of the Nation, women's Qur'an exegeses, Hagar as a black woman, black feminism, FivePercent Nation, Islamic hip-hop, "the Black Crescent," the Black Panthers. Ellen McLarney

AMES 308S/LINGUIST 308S

Bilingualism Examination of bilingualism at the individual, interpersonal, and social levels from psycholinguistic, socio-linguistic, anthropological, and educational perspectives. Issues to include the relation between language and cognition, language development, language identity, sociolinguistic practices in multicultural settings, language maintenance, and language policy and planning. Hae-Young Kim

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6 | WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 11, 2017

“may be very bad politics, for a democracy, representation and accountability.” Moving forward, Aldrich explained that irrespective of the recently passed bills, Cooper’s power as a governor will remain weak. “North Carolina has had one of the weakest governors in the nation from the very beginning [since] 1789. The governor did not have a veto at all until 1996, when Democrat Jim Hunt was governor,” he said. Despite the restrictions on his power, Korstad argued that Cooper, who had served as the state’s Attorney General prior to taking office as governor, will be able to “utilize the governorship” effectively. In fact, just before taking office, Cooper obtained a temporary injunction blocking the new legislation affecting his governorship pending further review in court. The case remains to be heard. “I think Cooper will able to demonstrate responsibility that will probably be important in the next round of elections, and it’s really important for the Democrats to have the governorship as a foundation as they go ahead with the elections next fall or in 2018,” Korstad said.

AMES 311S/AMI 266S/ICS 311S/VMS 354S Poetic Cinema

AMES 511/AMI 641/DOCST 511/ ICS 513 Documentary/East Asian

Inquiry into sources of "resonance" in international cinema with emphasis on films from Asia and the Middle East. The object of the course is to describe aspects of film construction which conduce to intense experience for viewers. Readings in indigenous aesthetics. Satti Khanna

Culture

AMES 319S/JEWISHST 319S/ RELIGION 214S/ROMST 319S/ MEDREN 352S

Andalusia: Muslim, Jewish, Christian Spain Intersection of cultures, religions, languages, and peoples via the history, poetry, music, philosophy, and architecture of southern Spain. Contact and clash of European, Christian, Islamic, Arab, African, Middle Eastern, and Jewish civilizations, traditions, and languages. Ellen McLarney

AMES 410S/ AMI 410S/ICS 410S/ CULANTH 366S

ocus on documentary films from various regions in East Asia, including China, Taiwan, Korea and Japan, studying the specific historical and social context of each while attending to their interconnected histories and cultures. Emphasis on the ethical implications of documentary in terms of its deployment of visual-audio apparatus to represent different groups of people and beliefs, values and conflicts, both intra- and inter-regionally in East Asia. Special attention paid to the aesthetics and politics of the documentary form in terms of both its production of meanings and contexts of reception. Guo-Juin Hong

AMES 535/ISIS 535 Chinese Media

& Pop Culture Current issues of contemporary Chinese media and popular culture within the context of globalization. Cultural politics, ideological discourse, and intellectual debates since gaige kaifang (reform and opening up); aspects of Chinese media and popular culture: cinema, television, newspapers and magazines, the Internet, popular music, comics, cell phone text messages, and fashion. Kang Liu

Trauma in Asia Examines how the experience of national formation and partition in Asia broadly defined has shaped divided historical memories and conflicts. Focus is on the Middle East (Israel/Palestine) and East Asia (China/Japan/Korea) as examples of a broader global phenomenon in the cold war and post-cold war eras. Nayoung Aimee Kwon, Shai Ginsburg

AMES 473/CULANTH 473/HISTORY 473 Two Koreas Introduces the divided histories of North and South Korea and their contemporary legacies in regional and global contexts. Explores topics such as colonization, modernization, division, war, migration, gender and sexuality, human rights, popular and political cultures, and globalization in comparative perspectives. Examines historical narratives, journalism, museums, literature, and visual cultures. Nayoung Aimee Kwon

AMES 720 Middle East Graduate Practicum This workshop, meeting every other week during the semester, is an opportunity for graduate students in Middle East studies to learn professional skills and to develop and present a proposal for their thesis, dissertation, or other research project. The practicum fulfils the “workshop” requirement for the Duke-UNC Graduate Certificate in Middle East Studies. (http://ncmideast.org/courses/graduate-certificate).

Language classes offered through AMES include the following: Arabic, Chinese, Hebrew, Hindi, Japanese, Korean, Persian, Tibetan and Turkish. http://asianmideast.duke.edu/courses

For additional information about AMES course offerings, please contact 919 668-2603.

TENTING from page 1 had signed up for black tenting so we would have some idea,” sophomore Henry Kistler said. “People need to know if they can order stuff for tenting or if they will not be getting a spot in K-Ville.” Black tenting is the longest period of tenting and requires the most people to be in K-Ville during the day and at night. The number of black and blue tents—blue tenting is the second-longest period—is capped at 70 to reserve the final 30 tents for white tenting, the shortest period with the most lax tent capacity constraints. After trivia scores are calculated, the top 70 tents will begin occupying K-Ville Thursday, and groups that do not fare as well will be put on the waitlist to start later in the season if a spot opens up. Despite the huge amount of interest in black tenting, 30 spots will still be saved for the white tenting period, which begins Jan. 27. Brenner explained that the 100-tent capacity of K-Ville cannot yet be expanded until further consultation with school administration and Duke Athletics. He also said that saving the normal number of spots for white tenting is necessary to preserve the option for those who are unable to commit to a grueling three weeks. For some tenting newcomers, like freshman Dan North, the improvised solution has not put a damper on their plans. Although certain first-year groups may be dropping out as a result of change, the Massachusetts native said his crew feels well-prepared to win themselves a spot. Fellow freshman Ryan Bronstein expressed a similar confidence in his tent’s ability, but added that he hopes there may be some changes to the K-Ville policy in future years. “I’m just lucky that there are a couple people in my group that are excited for the trivia and want to study,” Bronstein said. “However, the space is there and if someone is more committed to tenting, then they should certainly get that priority over the walk-up line.... Anyone who’s willing to [sleep outside for multiple weeks], they’re crazy enough.” Inevitably, some students will be left out following Wednesday’s trivia. The line monitors explained that by not adding tents to K-Ville, they hope to allow a significant number of students in via the walk-up line, which starts Feb. 6. But both Brenner and Hadley expressed that the entire group felt this solution would be the most equitable to all students. “I really understand that this is complicated for people, and it creates an extra layer for us,” Brenner said. “The reason we wanted to do it is because we are in our position not just to be line monitors who are all-powerful—we are here to serve the most dedicated, enthusiastic fans of Duke basketball, and we wanted to come up with a system this year given this extraordinary situation that serves that purpose.”

300 SWIFT from page 3 me move again,” noted Abendroth, whose lease expires in June. “And they’re not taking the time to properly inform the residents so the residents can plan ahead.” Gonzalez said that the plan was to inform students and current 300 Swift residents of the changes at the same time but that communication with 300 Swift residents actually took place after students were told. Renovations of the Crowell quadrangle are set to begin in May 2017 and finish in August 2018. Students will return to Crowell at the beginning of the 2018-19 academic year. Gonazalez previously told The Chronicle that potential relocation plans included moving Wayne Manor to Craven AA, Cooper House to Keohane 4D and independent houses to other dorms on West—which would have affected the spaces of some existing sections. “I definitely understand why they’re doing it,” Grien said. “It doesn’t require a huge capital investment, the infrastructure already’s there and it’s an opportunity to expedite the process of updating Central. At the same time, some of my neighbors are new families and some aren’t Duke students. I feel for them because they’re happy to have a central location and great amenities, and it’s a shame for them to be relocated.” Scott Selig, associate vice president of capital assets and real estate who was in charge of the deal, explained that Duke bought the apartment complex for $50 million, paid entirely up front. Selig noted that Duke often purchases real estate for office space, lab space and other uses, but rarely for residential purposes. “Duke has not purchased many apartments before,” he said. “We’ve had enough residential housing stock on campus to fulfill our needs, so this is new in that sense.” Claire Ballentine contributed reporting.


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WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 11, 2017 | 7

recess

VOLUME 18, ISSUE 13

JANUARY 11, 2016

‘RUSH!’ tackles Greek recruitment

Duke Student Broadcasting produces six-part

mini-series, page 9

Decreased attendance at Shooters Nightclub may be losing its charm, page 10

New Year, New Filbert Everyone’s favorite comic, page 11


R recess editors How was your break?

Dillon Fernando .......... golden shower Christy Kuesel ..................... wait for it Drew Haskins ...................shocking!!!

Tim Campbell ........... happy to be here Kirby Wilson ................................r.i.p. Aditya Joshi .......... under investigation Alex Griffith ..............cooler than yours Jessica Williams ...................road trip Georgina Del Vecho........ coming back Will Atkinson ..........................off duty Nina Wilder ........................snowed in

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If you’ve read any of my editor’s notes, dear reader, you know that I hate writing these with every fiber of my being. My latest qualm with the idea of editor’s notes is that I, a junior in college—whose greatest obstacles so far would make Syrian refugees scoff, laugh and lose even more faith in humanity—have to pontificate some grandiose insight into life that I discovered within myself after using my latest failed midterm to wipe away my tears on the third floor of Perkins. I found an inspirational Tumblr post about it; now I have to write about it. ~full body, emotionally-invested snaps for Dillon~ Because let’s be real. When people my age at this school have more empathy for that stray, glorified fat and fur sack of a cat at McClendon that gets 3 homes, blankets, five square meals and belly rubs every hour than most struggling humans, doesn’t that bother you? What does that say about us students as decent human beings? But, honestly, that cat is so sweet and when he snuggles adorably against your leg you realize he’s the only one that truly understands you in this world and gives you the love your father couldn’t. I think I speak for everyone when I say, “who cares?” Yes, dear reader, I know, there are a few, seasoned students at Duke who have lived lives thus far to make the programming department at Lifetime quake at idea of turning their life story into a seductive TV movie for middle-aged housewives. I mean it’s the Lifetime motto: Lifetime - “Programming that makes middle-aged housewives wet themselves when their husbands just can’t, est. 1984.” But I can assure you that this Recess team probably does not fall into that

rare cohort of weathered people. We are not philosophers by any means and can’t really say anything meaningful that a Hallmark Greeting Card already has. I feel that I need to actually experience some things before I find the truth about the world around me. I need experience breadth of emotions from love to loss that continue to vex artists and authors since the dawn of time. I need to experience the world through a different lens and find out the purpose and meaning of my life. At the very least, I heard that with Leah Remini out, there’s an opening in Scientology. I guess what I’m trying to say is that I have not lived an eventful life. I have no muses. I mean, even Adele

editor’s note at the age of 21 (my age) had so much emotional trauma after separating with a lover that she could channel that rage and heartbreak into a raw, Grammy-whoring masterpiece that digs deep into the pain of every person’s life. The greatest devastating separation I’ve ever had is when I sprained my right hand for a week. I don’t think that experience qualifies me for any award except maybe inescapable Catholic-guilt. So during my winter break, I went in with an open-mind back home to Fort Wayne that I would be open to the people and events that would take place over the three weeks. In high school, I definitely took the straight

and narrow path, and as a result, I feel like I missed out on certain aspects of the social scene that most people had because I was never with the “popular crowd” or was really outgoing and I only ever hung around people that were sort of like me until senior year. Now, I consider Fort Wayne to be where my former self once lived. In the 2.5 years of college, independence shaped my personality and voice as a person into something most people from home would find foreign about me, and as a result, each time I go home, I begin to realize that my connection to my hometown is dissolving. However, with this renewed state of mind, I was going to do Fort Wayne right. Coming back this time around, Fort Wayne just seems like there’s nothing left for me. The people from my high school who once ruled the school are trapped in the regiment of their 9-5s. The close friends I kept moved on with their lives, found new friends just like them, trapped in the regiment of the real world or school. It’s sad to think that once beaming people suddenly succumbed to the realities of paycheck to paycheck survival. Fort Wayne, which once seemed to be a place I would always grow into, now has become the place I’ve grown out of. I may not have had a ton of lifeshaping events or muses yet, but this winter break has shown me that I truly have exhausted Fort Wayne for what it’s worth, and that my life is supposed to move forward elsewhere. To experience the world from a perspective outside of a place I’ve been comfortable with my entire life and where I’ve never failed. And that’s scary. But it’s also the way my life should be. ––Dillon Fernando

Great Art Meets Great Food

Food and Flex Points Always Accepted at the Nasher Museum Café! nasher.duke.edu/cafe

EXCITING SOCIOLOGY COURSES With seats still available! n SOC 316/AAAS 246/LSGS 316: Comparative Race and Ethnic Studies CCI, EI, R, SS (MW 3:05-4:20) n SOC 350: Changing American Family CCI, R, SS (TuTh 3:05-4:20) n SOC 390/Global Health 390: Who Gets Sick and Why? CCI, EI, SS (TUTH 3:05-4:20)*

Admission is always free for Duke students.

*Course suggested for pre-health students


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Campus Arts

‘RUSH!’ into Spring semester with new DSB mini-series Nina Wilder The Chronicle

Spring semester’s presence has been looming closer, sur veying the student body on its silent haunches, waiting for the per fect moment to unload its burdens as winter break draws to a close. Perhaps it was a professor’s email, dispatching required textbooks and banal syllabi, or the multiple Duke Alerts about the debilitating inch of snow received by the Triangle Area that forewarned the new semester’s commencement. But for most, there has been one telltale, inescapable indicator— Greek and SLG rush. A formidable source of both apprehension and excitement for a myriad of students, the rush process starts as soon as classes do. Thankfully, there’s a way to soothe any biding trepidation about the process to come: Duke Student Broadcasting’s new mini-series “RUSH!” premiered Jan. 8 on DSB’s YouTube channel. The six-episode mockumentary follows three freshmen going through Greek rush. Even the stylization of “RUSH!” begs a second look—the sardonic exclamation point and in-your-face capitalization hint at the jokes to come. The show’s nucleus is junior Cara O’Malley, who is the entertainment director for DSB and created, wrote, produced and edited “RUSH!” After noticing a lack of scripted series within DSB, she pitched the show to the incoming director and received the green light for the project. Placed in a purposefully vague university setting, “RUSH!” chronicles the recruitment experience of Kate (played by junior Peyton Dilweg), who ropes her friends Jocelyn and Caleb into rushing with her (played by junior Melissa Carrico and senior Chaz Hawkins, respectively). While “RUSH!” portrays Greek recruitment and its innumerable ups and downs, the show is not merely a documentation of the rushing process. “It has Greek life and rush more as the backdrop, and they kind of create the goal for the characters,” O’Malley explained. “But what [the show is] really focusing on is these main characters and how they’re slowly becoming friends and their relationships and dealing with college.” While not affiliated with a sorority but rather the SLG Arts Theme House, O’Malley drew most of her inspiration for the show from online forums where people wrote about the absurd things that happened to them when they were rushing. But, as evidenced by many of the portrayals of Greek life in television and movies (see: “Greek,” “Sydney White” and “The House Bunny”), it’s easy to hyperbolize sororities, fraternities and their members: something that O’Malley was conscious of when writing the series. “I really tried to make it where we had a balance of making [the show] into this trope and what you think sororities and fraternities are and then humanizing [the characters] and realizing that they’re not just these two-dimensional people,” O’Malley said. Likewise, since “RUSH!” mainly revolves around two women rushing sororities, O’Malley found it essential to depict women as more than catty, judgmental and cutthroat. “I wanted very much to portray this in a more human way and especially with women, I think often times with women in these shows… they’re written by men, and they’re very twodimensional,” O’Malley said. “I wanted to focus on the female friendships that can evolve whether it’s in Greek life or not and really show these people as multifaceted women.” Another stereotype that O’Malley explored in the show is rushing fraternities as the “token black guy,” a tactic of the character of Caleb, which can particularly pervade Greek organizations at racially and culturally homogenous universities. Chaz Hawkins, who plays Caleb and is a member of Wayne Manor, spoke on his character’s importance in demonstrating the need for representation in such settings. See “RUSH!” on Page 11

Special to The Chronicle Duke Student Broadcasting ’s new mini-series “RUSH!” follows three freshmen going through Greek rush.

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Local Arts

Shooters II Saloon sees decreased attendance Melissa Letzler The Chronicle

The Chronicle Student favorite Shooters II Saloon has witnessed decreased attendance, possibly due to a variety of factors.

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Most every Duke student knows Saturday nights are best ended at Shooters. But after a decade–plus reign, Shooters’ domination of the Duke social scene might be wavering. According to Vice President of Student Affairs Larry Moneta, the owner of Shooters II Saloon, Kim Cates, shared with him in a phone conversation that the club saw a decline in attendance during the Fall semester. Conveniently located less than a half-mile away from East Campus, Duke students attend Shooters so regularly that they make up the majority of Shooters’ market. While upperclassmen still visit Shooters for its very particular “je ne sais quoi,” the fact that Shooters is the only 18 and up club in town makes it a prime destination for undergraduates who are not yet legally able to drink. When we asked Moneta as to why he thinks Shooters has seen a decrease in attendance, Moneta said “No clue,” continuing with, “I’ll be curious to hear what students surmise.” The Chronicle took it upon itself to find an answer to his question through surveying students. Many upperclassmen are disenchanted. For senior Anna Bensley, the “wow” factor has just worn off for her. “With how fast our society is changing, styles and trends and everything, it would make sense that students are gravitating away from Shooters because it’s not changing. It’s always the same.” But upperclassmen disillusionment with Shooters is no new phenomenon. By senior year, most Duke students are legally able to drink and prefer other bars, which serve better and less-expensive drinks. The most interesting question is why underclassmen are avoiding Shooters. Sophomores Francesca Mercer and Victoria Wang, personally, did not notice that Shooters was any less attended this year. They admit they go less than they did freshman year, but don’t know what could be causing a decrease in attendance. Senior Niklas Sjoquist noted that for his fraternity, brothers are more frequently choosing to stay at pregames and have apartment parties instead of going to Shooters. Sjoquist hypothesized that the decrease could be related to “an over-attendance of non-Duke students and graduate students.” Shooters has long served as an extension of campus, where almost every face is recognizable or familiar. Duke undergraduates can mingle and meet their classmates with the social lubricant of alcohol, and outside of the stress of class and the divisions of social groups. Perhaps the increase in non-Duke attendance is problematic because Duke students want Shooters to remain a boozy extension of campus. Particularly because students use this club as a way to find sexual encounters. If Shooters is attended by only Duke students, everyone in the vicinity is a part of the same community, and has some ownership to each other and the Duke community. Psychologically, this increases the likelihood of trusting another person and consenting to sexually “risky” behavior. If a Shooters’ attendee could be a non-Duke student, suddenly dance floor make outs become a lot riskier. At the bare minimum, it could harder to get back home if your Shooters hook-up lives at an apartment far off-campus rather than another residence hall. Among groups that work to prevent and expose sexual assault on campus as well as support its survivors, there exists an alternative hypothesis--that Duke students are opting out of Shooters because of the appropriation of women and inappropriateness of certain sexual conduct at Shooters. “Many women have experienced men approaching them from behind to grind with them or grope them without permission,” said Jessica Van Meir, co-president of We Are Here Duke. These experiences of women at Shooters are not new, or necessarily unique to Shooters—women experience similar behaviors at off-campus parties too. Still, the crowded Shooters dance floor offers an anonymity that might encourage inappropriate sexual contact. Despite these possible explanations, it’s hard to tell exactly why Shooters is seeing a drop in attendance: many hypotheses, but no unified theory or explanation for decrease in attendance. If the trend continues, it might mean that people are opting for other places to get their groove on, such as on campus apartment and dorm parties or other Durham venues. For now, though, it’s safe to say that for many Duke students Shooters will be the place to be by the end of their Saturday nights.


The Chronicle

“RUSH!” from page 9 “The point of the character is like, yes, I am a black guy playing a token black guy, but it’s for the purpose of getting the audience to understand that this is the reality that some people do face, that some people do look at as a means of getting into Greek life,” Hawkins said. “Greek life can be very white-washed.” Sophomore Will Francis, who co-wrote and directed the series and is also a member of Wayne Manor, stressed that “RUSH!” wouldn’t be appealing if its main focus was on criticizing Greek organizations and their practices. While it poked fun at the tumult and absurdities that can often times accompany the rushing process, the show’s footholds are in the self-actualizations and growth of its main characters. “I think the bottom line ended up being that things are going to work out. A lot of freshmen are so worried about where they’re gonna end up, if they’re gonna get into where they want and if they don’t get in, are they just going to have a terrible experience at Duke?” Francis said. “What we tried to say is that you’re gonna be fine, things are going to work out, you’ve already met people that you want to keep spending time with because your social life isn’t dependent on what group you join the second semester of your freshman year.” These sentiments were mirrored by junior Peyton Dilweg, who plays Kate in the series. “Even if you don’t get into the sorority of your choice or any sorority at all–it sounds cliché–but it really doesn’t define you as a person or your worth,” Dilweg said. “It can be enjoyable and a terrific way to bond with people but it’s not a necessary element of your college experience if you realize that it doesn’t define you.” It is a forceful message that is of special value as rush begins and freshmen are confronted with the allure of conformity and ease of putting on facades in order to be accepted by Greek organizations and SLGs. “RUSH!” provides the much-needed reminder that the coolest thing you can be is yourself–regardless of what the movies may lead you to believe. As Francis puts it, “Don’t worry–everything’s gonna be alright.”

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Anthony Labonte | Filbert Comics

Duke University Chapel 3:00pm Sunday, January 15th

Keynote Speaker: Phil Freelon, FAIA Architect of Record & Design Team Leader for the National Museum of African American History & Culture Free Parking Available in the Bryan Center Parking Garage


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Human Evolution

{

EvAnth 220 – Spring 2017 NS code T/Th 11:45-1:00 Dr. Doug Boyer

{

What traits distinguish humans compared to other animals? What if some of our ancestors had even larger brains and some primates do better with certain cognitive tests than humans? Does our tendency towards habitat destruction and overhunting explain more of our evolutionary “success” than our intelligence? How do our traits reflect our changing environment during the evolutionary “birth” of our species?

Can we utilize scientific information on our evolutionarily engrained tendencies to target a better future for our species and the planet? We will explore our species’ peculiar package of physical, cognitive, behavioral, and genetic traits organized with evidence from the fossil record of bones, paleoenvironmental indicators, and ancient DNA.

Students interested in running for Editor of The Chronicle (2017-18 school year) should submit a resumé and a two-page essay on goals for the organization to the Board of Directors of the Duke Student Publishing Co., Inc. Applications should be submitted to: Claire Ballentine Editor, The Chronicle claire.ballentine@duke.edu Deadline for application is Friday, January 20, 2017 at 5 p.m.

CREDIT : © TOURISME MONTRÉAL, STÉPHAN POULIN

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Sports

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THE BLUE ZONE

KEY PLAYS AND STATS FROM DUKE-FSU

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WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 11, 2017

MEN’S BASKETBALL

‘LIVING IN OUR PAINT’

Jefferson’s absence felt early and often in ugly loss at Florida State Sam Turken The Chronicle TALLAHASSEE, Fla.—With 13:15 remaining in the second half and the Blue Devils down two, Florida State’s Braian Angola-Rodas had the ball at the top of the key. The guard hesitated, then drove left to beat Duke’s Luke Kennard off the dribble and get into the paint. As forward Harry Giles rolled over to provide help defense, Angola-Rodas calmly fed a pass to a wide-open Jarquez Smith cutting to the rim for an easy onehanded dunk. That was one of several sequences in which the No. 9 Seminoles took advantage of graduate student Amile Jefferson’s absence to attack No. 7 Duke inside in their 88-72 win at the Donald L. Tucker Center Tuesday night. With Jefferson on the bench in a walking boot with a right-foot bone bruise, the Blue Devils had no answer for Florida State’s length in the paint and quick guards attacking off the wing. Duke tried to slow down the Seminoles’ interior offense with a rotation of Harry Giles, Marques Bolden and Chase Jeter down low, but each of them got into early foul trouble, limiting their aggressiveness on both ends of the floor. The trio finished with just six points and eight rebounds. “It was going to be a tough matchup and it was a tough matchup without Amile,” Blue Devil interim head coach Jeff Capel said. “[The Seminoles] were living in our paint and we have to do a better job

Carolyn Chang | The Chronicle Florida State pounded Duke inside early and often to the tune of 56 points in the paint—the most the Blue Devils have given up this season.

there…. The constant pressure and depth just wears a team down and I thought that happened to us.” From the opening tip on, Florida State relied heavily on pick-and-rolls to create mismatches and dribble by Duke defenders along the perimeter. Once the Seminole guards found open driving lanes, they either went up for shots inside, passed the ball to big men cutting toward the basket or even occasionally kicked it out to open shooters along the wing. One of the game’s crucial sequences came when Florida State showed enough

patience to work the ball to sharpshooter PJ Savoy when the Blue Devils tried to pack in their defense. Savoy knocked down two of his team’s five 3-pointers to highlight a 10-0 burst that staked the home team a four-point halftime edge, forcing Duke to extend and stay with the Seminole guards. Then, in the second half, as the Blue Devils got worn down, they struggled even more to stay in front of fresh Florida State ball handlers as 11 Seminoles logged at least nine minutes. Even when Florida State missed shots, it took advantage of its size inside to snag

offensive rebounds and extend possessions. With four starters 6-foot-6 or taller and two 7-footers in the rotation, the Seminoles turned 14 offensive rebounds into 19 second-chance points—many of which came on uncontested tip-ins because Duke’s help defense always seemed to be a rotation late. By the end of the night, the Blue Devils had surrendered a season-high 56 points in the paint. “This Florida State team is a very impressive team and is very hard to prepare for. No matter what we do we can’t stimulate their athleticism in a practice,” Capel said. “They have a lot of guys who can drive, they ball screen you to death, and have guys who do a great job of rim running.” And as is usually the case, the failure to generate defensive stops affected Duke’s offense. Although Duke kept the first half tight by repeatedly answering Florida State’s scoring surges, the Blue Devil offense gradually fell out of rhythm in the second half. After shooting 46.2 percent in the first period, that clip dropped to 36.7 percent in the final 20 minutes. The Blue Devils strayed from the ball movement they showcased against Georgia Tech and Boston College, often reverting to isolation plays by Kennard and Tatum. Although Tatum scored 21 points, he too looked out of sync, hitting just 7-of-17 shots and committing four turnovers. “Defense leads to offense for us. We’ve based our game off of that since the beginning of the season,” Kennard said. See INTERIOR DEFENSE on Page 16

COLUMN

The worst year for Duke Athletics in 3 decades? Jack Dolgin The Chronicle

Jack Dolgin | The Chronicle ACC expansion is one of the main reasons it has become harder for Duke to consistently generate as many ACC championships and NCAA tournament berths in recent years.

Some years are better for Duke Athletics than others, a natural phenomenon for an athletic department with 26 varsity teams. But rarely has that distinction been so easy to discern as in 2016, which was arguably the worst year for Blue Devil programs in 30 years. Despite Duke rowing reaching its firstever NCAA championship and baseball returning to the NCAA tournament for the first time since 1961, a combination of bad timing, down-trending programs and off years from the usual heavyweights made 2016 a year to forget. For one, there is arguably the most glaring statistic—the lack of an ACC championship. From 1988 to 2014, the Blue Devils earned at least one ACC postseason championship each year, or regular-season championship in sports with no postseason championships. In fact, Duke earned 3.3 per year on average. But in 2015, that streak ended. In 2016,

Blue Devil teams did not win an ACC title for a second straight year, though field hockey was the nation’s top-ranked team for much of the year and won the ACC regular-season title. The ACC title drought falls into a broader trend of decreasing performance in recent years. Another metric of contending on a national level, NCAA postseason success, also declined for the Blue Devils. Duke captured no NCAA team championships—freshman women’s golfer Virginia Elena Carta did win the individual title—and for the first time in 16 years had only one team, women’s golf, finish in the top four nationally. Even across the board, the Blue Devils struggled just making the NCAA tournament or its equivalent. In 2011, 19 Duke teams made the NCAA tournament or NCAA championship, but there has been a decreasing trend since then. In 2016, only 14 Duke teams reached See TOUGH 2016 on Page 15


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14 | WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 11, 2017

M. BASKETBALL from page 1 proved to be a tough cover for Duke, getting to the basket time and time again as 18 of his 21 points came after halftime. “This one was personal. Ever since he did that, I’ve been waiting a long time to see him again and it was good to finally see him again,” Rathan-Mayes said. “Grayson Allen is the head of the snake—where he goes, they go. I wanted to frustrate him and make him second-guess and it kind of kickstarted our offense.” As the boos and expletives rained down nearly every time he touched the ball, Allen excelled early as Duke’s primary ball-handler. The junior racked up four quick assists before attempting a shot and

showed his connection with Jones, who scored five consecutive points midway through the first half to steady the Blue Devils after the home team came out of the gates on fire. But Florida State’s 12-man rotation showcased its depth and continued to attack a Duke team that struggled to defend without fouling and put the Seminoles in the bonus before the midway point of the first half. After the Blue Devils captured their first lead of the game by flustering Florida State with a switch to zone defense, the Seminoles responded with a 10-0 run of its own behind the sophomore duo of PJ Savoy and Terance Mann. Florida State capitalized on Jefferson’s absence and used its size to outscore Duke 26-16 in the paint in the first half to take a four-point lead

Carolyn Chang | The Chronicle Florida State guard Xavier Rathan-Mayes scored 18 of his 21 points after halftime, taking advantage of Duke’s weak defense near the rim.

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into the locker room. “What makes them hard to prepare for is how good they are,” interim head coach Jeff Capel said. “We can’t simulate their athleticism, their length, their relentless pressure they constantly put on you and the waves of guys they bring in.” The final 20 minutes belonged to the Seminoles as the Blue Devils continued to struggle with the penetration of Florida State’s guards. Bacon and Rathan-Mayes’ drives to the basket set up forward Jonathan Isaac and big man Michael Ojo for good looks. Although the Blue Devils were able stay within single digits for much of the half, the Seminoles’ depth and length slowly wore down Duke. The effect was evident on the other end of the floor as the crisp Duke offense

The Chronicle from recent games appeared bogged down and stagnant. With Allen exiting the game down the stretch, the Blue Devils struggled to generate open looks and were forced to rely on the isolation play of Tatum and Kennard. As a team, Duke finished with just 10 assists on the evening. “We just made mistakes,” Tatum said. “For myself, when I got tired, I made dumb passes and started turning it over so that’s something I need to work on—just get in better shape and when I do get tired, not make dumb decisions.” Things will not got any easier for Allen and the Blue Devils as they will look to avoid falling below .500 in conference play when they hit the road to take on No. 14 Louisville Saturday.

Carolyn Chang | The Chronicle Graduate student Amile Jefferson missed Duke’s first road game against a top-10 opponent with a bone bruise on his right foot.


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TOUGH 2016 from page 13 the NCAA postseason, and there have not been fewer since 2003, when the NCAA tournament field was smaller for sports like rowing and lacrosse. For some fans, perhaps the most discouraging statistic may be the performance of so-called “revenue sports,” the three Blue Devil sports that receive the most media attention and have the greatest expenses, according to data from the Department of Education. Duke men’s basketball suffered more losses, 11, than it ever had since 2006-07, then lost in the Sweet 16 a year after winning the national championship. The football team missed the postseason for the first time in five years, finishing 4-8 despite upsetting then-No. 15 North Carolina. Women’s basketball missed the NCAA tournament for the first time in 22 years, and at one point in February both the men’s and women’s basketball teams were unranked for the first time in 30 years. As a whole, nine Blue Devil teams either did not reach the NCAA tournament or championship after making it the previous season or ended their postseason runs at least two rounds earlier than in the previous year. By contrast, only four teams improved by those same margins. So why the decrease in performance? One might think it is related to newer coaches, but in fact newer coaches at Duke have also largely been responsible for the improved teams, whereas the teams that performed worse in 2016 than 2015 all had coaches in at least their seventh year. Baseball, women’s outdoor track and field and rowing—which all reached the NCAA

Gautam Hathi | The Chronicle The Blue Devils have gone two calendar years without an ACC championship after earning at least one from 1988 to 2014.

tournament or championship in 2016 but not 2015—featured head coaches in their fourth season or less. Instead, the reason seems to be twofold. For one, there was just really bad luck, in a way, for the Blue Devils. The teams that have been stable throughout the past six years remained stable in production in 2016 from an NCAA tournament standpoint. There were four exceptions to this, but two were improvements and two decreases in performance, cancelling out.

Yet of the teams at Duke that have been inconsistent since 2011—reaching the NCAA tournament at least twice but not more than four times—all six of them missed the NCAA tournament in 2016. From 2011 to 2015 they averaged a combined 3.4 postseason appearances per year. Does this spell trouble for the Blue Devils going forward? It does not necessarily. One could say Duke was due for missing the NCAA tournament, as it was one of only two schools to earn at least one ACC

championship each year from 1988 to 2014. Still, the Blue Devils’ consecutive years without ACC championships are more alarming. The only schools that have also done so since 1988 are the same schools that tend to represent the lower tier of ACC athletics— Boston College, Virginia Tech, Wake Forest, Miami, Georgia Tech and Pittsburgh. The takeaway for a Duke fan might just be tempered judgement of the athletics program as a whole as a result of conference expansion. Both sharp dips in the chart to the left coincide with the ACC adding more teams, as Miami, Virginia Tech and Boston College joined the league in 2004 and 2005 and Syracuse, Notre Dame, Pittsburgh and Louisville were added in 2013 and 2014. The Blue Devils’ 18th-place average in the Directors Cup since it was created in 1994 is strong, but not the top-10 potential it has reached in various years. The limited success, in a way, has been ingrained into the Duke psyche since 2002. That year, then-athletic director Joe Alleva created a mission statement for the athletics department that drew criticism for not being ambitious enough. “We do not believe that we need to fundamentally change what we are attempting to do or how we are attempting it,” it concludes. Moreover, the Blue Devils’ 2.9 conference championships per year since 1984 ranked fourth among the ACC, but a far cry from North Carolina’s 4.7 average. Perhaps Duke can turn the ship around in 2017, which it already appears primed to do with the recent success of women’s basketball and the depth of talent on the men’s team. But if they and other Blue Devil teams do not excel as a whole again, and in coming years, perhaps that will raise broader, more serious questions for Duke Athletics.

Request for input to the regular review of Tracy Futhey, VP for Information Technology and CIO

Term 1: May 17-June 29 Term 2: July 3-August 13

(4-week courses also available in both terms)

Let your future run through Summer Session 2017

University senior officials are subject to administrative reviews at regular intervals by a broad-based committee of colleagues. This is Tracy Futhey’s third review since her appointment as Vice President for Information Technology and Chief Information Officer in 2002. Members of the review committee are: Jeff Chase (Chair), Professor, Department of Computer Science; Robert Calderbank, Charles S. Sydnor Professor of Computer Science and Director of Information Initiative; Kirsten Corazzini, Associate Professor, School of Nursing; Jeffrey Ferranti, Chief Information Officer and Vice President for Medical Informatics Duke Health; Leigh Goller, Executive Director, Office of Audit, Risk and Compliance; Dan Kiehart, Dean of Natural Sciences, Trinity College of Arts & Sciences; Emily Klein, Professor of Earth Sciences, Nicholas School of the Environment; and Todd Orr, Associate Vice President, Administrative Systems Management, Duke Finance. The committee invites all members of the Duke community to provide comments on Futhey’s leadership effectiveness in regard to technology support and innovation as well as whether the role remains appropriate for facing future opportunities and challenges. Your thoughts may be communicated orally or in writing to any member of the committee. Information provided to the committee will be held in confidence but may be reported without attribution as part of the report that will be submitted to Executive Vice President Tallman Trask Ill. Your comments are welcome.

summersession.duke.edu summer@duke.edu

Please send comments by January 23 to: Jeff Chase chase@cs.duke.edu

— OR —

Futhey Review Committee Attn: Michele Wittman Box 90028


16 | WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 11, 2017

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FOOTBALL

Report: Ohio State backup offensive lineman to transfer to Duke Staff Reports The Chronicle The Blue Devils lost Tanner Stone and Casey Blaser up front in the offseason, but head coach David Cutcliffe’s team will be getting some reinforcements along the offensive line. Ohio State offensive lineman Evan Lisle will transfer to Duke as a graduate transfer, 247sports reported Saturday afternoon. A fourth-year junior, Lisle will have one year of eligibility in Durham. A native of Centerville, Ohio, Lisle was a four-

star prospect coming out of high school in the Class of 2013 but served as a backup for the Buckeyes and has had to deal with multiple injuries. But at 6-foot-6 and 308 pounds, he should have the skills to help the Blue Devils in both run blocking and pass protection as Duke looks to bounce back from this year’s 4-8 campaign. This is not the first time the Blue Devils and Buckeyes have been linked by transfers. Former Duke kicker Jack Willoughby finished his career in Columbus. Jeremy Cash also became a three-time AllAmerican safety with the Blue Devils after transferring from Ohio State in 2012. Carolyn Chang | The Chronicle Freshman Harry Giles and company were unable to protect the rim due to early foul trouble and Florida State’s length.

INTERIOR DEFENSE from page 13 Open Courses in Public Policy Studies Enroll Now! There’s Still Space Available! Spring 2017 PUBPOL 290.01 Statistical Methods for Public Policy Research (QS) (SS) TuTh 10:05AM - 11:20AM Instructor: Sarah Komisarow This course covers statistical and econometric methods for inferring causal relationships in public policy. The first half of the course will cover the mechanics of linear regression, multiple regression, and regression models for binary dependent variables. The second half of the course will cover econometric methods used for inferring causal relationships, including randomized controlled trials, differences-in-differences, and regression discontinuity. In problems sets, students will analyze real-world data using Stata. As a final project, students will be required to write a research paper that incorporates descriptive data analysis and that proposes a research study using one of the causal inference methods covered in this course. STA 101 required. PUBPOL 290.15 Life with Capitalism (EI) (CZ) (SS) TuTh 10:05AM - 11:20AM Instructor: Dirk Philipsen Capitalism has been called both the most productive and the most destructive system in history. It has been cause for war and revolution. Not just a system, but also an ideology and culture. Relatively young, yet by now pervasive, it has left no aspects of life on the planet untouched. Peddled as the great, perhaps even only hope for prosperity, and repudiated as the central impediment to a humane future. Analyzed as everything from a crippled yet necessary precondition for progress to the mark of the “end of history,” capitalism has become the central organizing principle of lives from Beijing to Washington. Through multiple debate and project formats, this course explores the history of life within capitalism, with a focus on the U.S. By now a predominant economic and cultural system, discussions center on the struggles, values, and measures that generated modern versions of capitalism. Readings and materials cover key developments in the history of capitalism, the logic of capitalism (choices, values, goals), as well as current challenges and possible future developments. PUBPOL 290S.02 Iranian Grand Strategy (R) (SS) W 4:40PM - 7:10PM Instructor: William Rivera This course is designed to introduce students to, and promote understanding of, Iran’s grand strategy and how it is impacting the Middle East region and beyond. While Iran is understood to be an important regional actor, there is still little understanding of its history, its strategic intent, its capability and reach, and, perhaps more importantly how these elements interact to produce a grand strategy that challenges the status quo. This course will investigate the following question in depth: What is Iran’s Grand Strategy? Relatedly, this course will seek answers for the following questions. 1) What are the foundations of Iranian power? 2) How has the current strategic culture emerged? 3) How does Iran project power? 4) What are the elements of that power? And 5) what are the best ways to approach strategic interaction with Iran? To do so this course is organized into three sections. Section I introduces theoretical and historical approaches to analyze and understand the background and formation of Iran’s grand strategy. It locates part of the answer in Iran’s strategic orientation as

resistance to U.S. power. Section II concentrates on the several domains in which Iran is active and how Iran projects power in these domains: diplomatic, ideological, military, economic, and technological. The final section of this course will assess extant analysis and examine potential strategic policy choices for the U.S. PUBPOL 490S.01 Economics of Education (R) (SS) TuTh 1:25PM - 2:40PM Instructor: Sarah Komisarow This course will use the tools of intermediate microeconomics to analyze contemporary issues in education. First, we will consider public and private sources of demand for education. Second, will consider the production and supply of education services in the United States. Finally, we will explore empirical work on contemporary public policy issues in education, including topics such as achievements gaps, segregation, accountability, school finance, and teacher labor markets. STAT 101 required. PUBPOL 303 or ECON 201 required. PUBPOL 590.01 Financial Institutions TuTh 3:05PM - 4:20PM Instructor: Doug Brook This is a policy course. Its purpose is to explore and learn about the U.S. government institutions that make, implement, and enforce financial policy in the United States. We will focus on the policy aspect asking what policies caused these institutions to be established, what policies they oversee, how the institutions are structured and operate, the policy environment and what financial policy issues are currently being debated. We will also discuss contemporaneous events in the real world that relate to the topics of the course. This course is modeled on a pedagogy of active learning and involves significant student involvement in class discussion, projects, papers and presentations. PUBPOL 590S.03 Care of Orphaned Children (CCI) (EI) (R) (SS) F 10:05AM - 12:35PM Instructor: Kathryn Whetten In this course we will explore who orphaned and separated children are; where they live around the world, including the US; care options for these children and evidence based solutions to some of the issues faced. PUBPOL 590S.04 Policy of Religious and Cultural Pluralism (EI) (SS) Tu 10:05AM - 12:35PM Instructor Ian Macmullen How should religious and cultural pluralism impact our reasoning about the ethics of public policy? Does pluralism strengthen the case for policies and political institutions that defend the liberty and promote the autonomy of individual citizens? How can liberal democratic states and their citizens justify using coercive power against a background of pluralism and in ways that systematically disadvantage certain religious and cultural groups in society? Should special rights, exemptions from generally applicable laws, or other accommodations be granted to the members of particular religious or cultural groups? Readings are taken from contemporary political philosophy. Prerequisite: at least one previous course in ethics/political theory/philosophy, graduate standing, or permission of the instructor.

“We’re a really talented offensive team. And when we can’t get stops, it’s tough to get into a rhythm like that. The way we want to play, the tempo we want to play at, the pace of the game we want to play at kind of gets a little disjointed. That’s what happened tonight.” The one time when Duke’s defense did slow down Florida State came midway in the first half when the Blue Devils made the switch to zone. The new defensive look immediately disrupted the Seminole offense, as Florida State settled for three consecutive missed jump shots. The Blue Devils benefitted with a 7-0 run and took their first lead of the game. “That was good on their part because for whatever reason we stalled and seemed to be very passive,” Florida State head coach Leonard Hamilton said. But that hesitancy did not last long, as Florida State tried to push the pace to generate the quicker looks that resulted in a Terance Mann dunk and Savoy’s key triples. With Duke taking on another physical, aggressive team in No. 14 Louisville on the road Saturday, the Blue Devils will have to find a way to sustain disciplined defense—with or without Jefferson. Duke has not yet announced whether the Philadelphia native will play Saturday.

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WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 11, 2017 | 17

DUKEENGAGE WEEK — JANUARY 17-19

Can I Get Credit for DukeEngage??

Learn more about specific group programs during DukeEngage Week. Thirty-minute information sessions about each program provide an opportunity to meet program leaders, ask questions and hear from students who participated in previous years. These sessions will help you prepare for the application process.

Thursday, January 19, 6:30pm

U.S.-Based Programs

The Edge, Bostock Library Open to all applicants

Wondering if you can use DukeEngage to fulfill your major requirements? Certificate requirements? Internship requirements? This special session, hosted by Trinity College’s global and civic opportunities advising team, will help you connect DukeEngage to your academic pathway at Duke.

dukeengage.duke.edu Tuesday, January 17 Education & Empowerment* 5pm - San Francisco 5:45pm - New York 6:30pm - Charlotte 7:15pm - Orange County 8pm - Boston Location: West Union 067 and 068 (Garden Level)

Thursday, January 19 Health, Policy & Immigration*

Wednesday, January 18 Economics & Sustainability*

5pm - Washington, DC 5:45pm - New Orleans 6:30pm - SPECIAL SESSION: Can I get credit?? 7:15pm - Miami 8pm - Tucson

5pm - Durham NC/UK 5:45pm - Detroit 6:30pm - Portland 7:15pm - Seattle 8pm - Kauai Location: West Union 067 and 068 (Garden Level)

Location: The Edge, Bostock Library

*Note that the programs presenting each day may not be the only ones that incorporate the daily themes. ALSO: All session times and locations are subject to change. Please check our website andCorporation Facebook page for updates. The New York Times Syndication Sales 620 Eighth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10018 For Information Call: 1-800-972-3550 For For Release Release Wednesday, Tuesday, December January 13, 11, 2016 2017

Crossword

The Chronicle What we should do with the Chron holiday tree: Bury it in our tree graveyard: ������������������������������������������������������������������������� clairity Re-decorate it!: ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������theneeldeal Can we compost it?: �������������������������������������������������������������������������� likhithabanana Leave it be: �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������freshprince Back to the storage room: ��������������������������������������������������� #Amrithisnotimpressed Take more pics: ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������cchang Throw it out the window:���������������������������������������������������������������������beyerbeware Student Advertising Manager: ��������������������������������������������������������������� John Abram Student Marketing Manager: �������������������������������������������������������Beatriz Gorostiaga Account Representatives: ��������������������������������Megan Bowen, Griffin Carter, TJ Cole, Paul Dickinson, Jack Forlines, Francis L’Esperance, Leeshy Lichtman, Rachel Louie, Gabriela Martinez-Moure, Jack McGovern, Jake Melnick, David Meyer, Lauren Pederson, Levi Rhoades, Maimuna Yussuf, Matt Zychowski Creative Services: ��������������������������������������������������������Daniel Moore, Myla Swallow Marketing ����������������������������������������������������������Hunter Bracale, Nicolette Sorensen

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Online subscriptions: Today’s puzzle and more than 7,000 past puzzles, nytimes.com/crosswords ($39.95 a year). Read about and comment on each puzzle: nytimes.com/wordplay. Crosswords for young solvers: nytimes.com/studentcrosswords.


Change in the new year

T H E I N D E P E N D E N T D A I LY AT D U K E U N I V E R S I T Y

The Chronicle

A

s snow melts away, taking winter break with it, Duke’s campus and students ready themselves for a fresh spring semester. Seniors, all too aware of the dwindling number of days they have left at Duke, will think back to their early years on campus, reflecting and reminiscing over past experiences and looking to make as many new memories as possible. Non-seniors will become wrapped up in the cyclical frenzy of rush, tenting, concerts and the joyous (if temporary) relief of new classes. Even on their separate tracks though, both groups will eventually become enveloped by the fever of spring as they look anxiously and excitedly towards summer. As they sprint through spring semester, changing, growing and evolving, their school will do the same. Duke’s physical changes have been and will continue to be rapid. Two days ago, the new Student Wellness Center opened after months of construction. Its glass-filled exterior design, a departure from Duke’s prominent Gothic style, matches that of the new West Union, which also opened this year. It is a drop of new in a sea of old: a sign that Duke never stops changing. As its construction winds down, extensive construction will amp up on the Central, East and West campuses as the University pushes to renovate aging residences and

onlinecomment

“Nibbling around the edges with little solar incentives and electric cars will not save us. The methane time bomb is ticking. Coordinated global Draconian action is all that’s left, and that will never happen, so we’re looking at crop failures and massive starvation worldwide within ten or twenty years. Anyone who understands the climate system and sees the latest data on Arctic methane knows this.”

— “Nanker Phelge,” responding to “How the White House’s newest climate change deniers are helping our environment,” published December 16, 2016

LETTERS POLICY

Direct submissions to:

The Chronicle welcomes submissions in the form of letters to the editor or guest columns. Submissions must include the author’s name, signature, department or class, and for purposes of identification, phone number and local address. Letters should not exceed 325 words; contact the editorial department for information regarding guest columns. The Chronicle will not publish anonymous or form letters or letters that are promotional in nature. The Chronicle reserves the right to edit letters and guest columns for length, clarity and style and the right to withhold letters based on the discretion of the editorial page editor.

Est. 1905

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18 | WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 11, 2017

E-mail: chronicleletters@duke.edu Editorial Page Department The Chronicle Box 90858, Durham, NC 27708 Phone: (919) 684-2663 Fax: (919) 684-4696

The Chronicle

Inc. 1993

CLAIRE BALLENTINE, Editor

increase its on-campus population carrying capacity. All of the construction will bring more change than just increased noise and dust: with a reduction of housing availability on Central and West campuses next year, some upperclassmen will likely be housed—willing or not—in a new dormitory on East campus and some seniors will likely find that the off-campus housing lottery becomes much more friendly. The resulting friction and campus culture shifts will by HDRL and their recently chosen soon-to-be (indirect) boss, Duke’s

Editorial new president Vincent Price. Price, currently the provost of the University of Pennsylvania, will join Duke as its 10th president on July 1 of this year. In addition to overseeing the physical evolution of campus, he will seek to shape the University’s character through various initiatives. Although it is difficult to predict how he will make his mark on Duke, it seems likely that he will continue to champion the protection of “free expression” as he did at Penn. While that might cause clashes with students and faculty who have advocated for

safe spaces as well as those who wish to prevent sodeemed racist or sexist speakers from holding events on campus, it will raise worthy debates and give Price an opportunity to demonstrate to students and faculty his communication skills. In his role, Price has the potential to play a valuable role in reshaping culture for the better. He will not, however, directly contribute to academic policy as he might have done Penn. For example, he will hold little influence over the tenets and implementation of the massive curriculum revision coming to the Trinity school. Outlined in 2016, the revision—dubbed “Imagine Duke”—seeks to revitalize the liberal arts at Duke, casting aside specific educational requirements in favor of focusing on broad skill development. Curriculum formation will instead be handled by the Trinity Arts & Sciences Council, which is scheduled to vote on a draft proposition later this semester. Although policy and bulldozers will greatly reshape our campus, the most substantive changes of all will not come from the A&S Council or construction workers. Rather, it will come from students—from how we treat fellow students, politics, our city and our school: in short, from how we choose to define a Duke student in the new year.

Simple complexity, revisited

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t the beginning of my fall 2016 column, I began by briefly summarizing Descartes’ exploration of epistemology: “Consider a basket of apples, where the basket is your mind and the apples are your beliefs. Now consider that if you have even a single rotten apple in your basket, it will contaminate all of the other apples.” This beckons us to reconsider not only our beliefs but also why we hold them. How could you know anything you believe is actually true, when you know that you hold many false beliefs? Are a few incorrect beliefs interfering with the rest of your belief system? And how could you possibly hope to know truth in a world that takes pleasure in its unending moral, physical, religious, political, social and scientific ambiguities? The mind-bendingly complex nature of the world makes it extremely difficult to become an expert on even one thing, let alone everything. And this reality leads us to humility: we are only students in a miraculous world, and our question to discover more of it is not a contest for who can get the most

other factors that might influence my opinion. I will recognize nuance and ambiguity while also taking some sort of position, leaving room for error, lack of complete information, or outright misunderstanding. I will always be asking for feedback or pushback, and might even write new columns that reevaluate past columns. I will also attempt to find unique topics that you wouldn’t find on the front page of CNN. What are the lies that politicians feed us everyday? Is capitalism a morally corrupt and unjust system, the single greatest force for good in history, or something in between? Should we care about existential risks like artificial intelligence safety, or is that a concern for the next generation? What can we reasonably ask people to give to help those in poverty? As university students, we have the opportunity of a lifetime to ask these interesting questions while being supported and resourced by professors, the library system, student organizations, programs, events and all kinds of other tools of inquiry. We have the chance to reconsider some of our core

David Wholever Sanchez SIMPLE COMPLEXITY

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“right answers,” but rather an opportunity for us to take a few years to take a step back and consider where we might fit in or make a contribution. You can’t become an expert on everything, but you can learn something. In other words, our inability to know everything doesn’t cancel out our ability to know something. In my first column, I also laid out a simple idea: truth is often very, very complex. I noted that the difficulty of seeking out truth does not make it any less valuable. The ambiguities and nuances of the world are no reason to not explore it; quite the opposite. Truth is important, and it’s worth seeking out. That is, and will continue to be, the thesis of my column heading into this spring. Throughout my column, I will dig into topics ranging from politics (if I still have the willpower) all the way to effective altruism. I will consider the ethical implications of living in a college bubble. I will question the role of unfounded premises in our underlying beliefs. And yes, I will consider the societal implications of living in a “post-truth” era spurred by demagogues and distrust. I will attempt to explore these questions, bearing a few things in mind. I will endeavour to discuss these topics in an honest way, being straightforward about my own personal biases or

beliefs, or at least question where they came from. We have the tools to become lifelong learners. This column is taglined once again “simple complexity”: a celebration and exercise of this opportunity. So, as I dig into some of these ideas, I’m not going to avoid ambitious topics, I’m not going to dodge counterpoints and I’m not going to shy away from bold claims, but I will always be looking for nuance, and I will always be asking for feedback, pushback and supplementation. As I’ve continued in my academic journey, I’ve found that as I become more educated, I don’t seem to have more “answers”, per se. Rather, I have a better idea of what sorts of questions I should be asking when I stumble across an idea, problem or issue. It is my hope that this column will provide exactly that: interesting commentary that raises relevant questions about interesting topics. Because if anything is clear, it’s that the world around us is complex, and far too interesting to simply approach at face value. There’s always somewhere to dig deeper, to question more thoroughly or to reconsider. So here’s to that quest for more complete truth, and here’s to some more good apples. David Wohlever Sánchez is a Trinity sophomore. His column, “simple complexity,” runs on alternate Wednesdays.


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WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 11, 2017 | 19

Roll with the punches Who killed world peace?

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**t happens. S**t relentlessly and unapologetically happens. Living in Ireland for the past four months, I’ve realized that not everything is always going to go your way. Sometimes the Vikings colonize your land. Sometimes the English religiously persecute your people. Sometimes ethnonationalist conflict envelops your country for 40 years. Sometimes a Welshman pours your pint of Guinness and it’s extra foamy. But, if there is one thing that the Irish know how to do—other than how to make jokes at the Welsh people’s expense—it’s how to roll with the punches. Like the boxer “Irish” Mickey Ward, who famously adopted the ethnically themed moniker for his resilience in the ring, I, too, was going to have to learn how to roll with the punches. I was not even supposed to be here. I was supposed to study in Istanbul, but after a medley of terrorist attacks and a military coup (read as: “s**t happening”) in Turkey, my program was cancelled, and I had to scramble to find a university that would

Jacob Weiss

from a friend’s phone, invited myself to crash on a friend’s couch after an evening of tapas and clubbing, drank six whiskies to catch up and caught up on studying when I should have been sleeping. Like the Irish boxers and “Irish,” the boxer himself, I had to be resilient. When my father visited me in Dublin, he could not help but remark on the cheery disposition of every native we encountered. Despite the “smattering of misfortune,” as he so eloquently put it, “they always find time to grab a pint.” Every Irish person that I had met in class, the pubs or just walking the streets of Dublin was friendly and outgoing. Even the middle-aged strangers that I had met at one pub—the Hairy Lemon— asked me to sit with them after seeing that I was wearing a Dublin county football jersey. They had no idea who I was or where I came from, but solely because of an affinity for their city, which I evidenced by sporting a powder blue jersey, they pulled up a chair. It was almost as if they were looking for an excuse to be friendly. These people,

ULYSSES

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ecently, I’ve begun to worry about the way Duke students think about world peace. I blame our society to a certain extent, whose pessimism masquerades as realism and has gradually stripped the concept of its dignity. Then again, some of the blame rests with us as students. We’ve created an academic environment in which using the words “world peace” in a sentence feels somehow unprofessional and unintellectual. There is a subtle but real pressure to just not go there. What a sad fate for a cause Americans once championed. In his commencement speech at American University in 1963, President John F. Kennedy spoke about what he called “the most important topic on earth: world peace.” He urged his audience of graduates to commit themselves to the cause of peace for all nations. He did more than pay lip service to an abstract, by calling not only for American goodwill, but for action. While the 20th century was by no means peaceful, it is striking to me that world peace was a legitimate objective for the nation at a time when the United States faced grave, existential threats; but now that such threats are gone our

Ian Burgess

child and driving by “Pray For Our Troops” banners on holidays, and watching nightly newsreels updating the American public on war efforts abroad. Most of us were raised to be thankful for the men and women fighting for us in far away places. Perhaps we prayed for them at the dinner table or stood for them at our ball games. We knew war was out there, but we didn’t know war. The wars were invisible to us in that the average American has never experienced the traumas and direct impacts of war. With the exception of Pearl Harbor and the September 11 attacks, no foreign nation has launched an attack on American soil in two hundred years. The September 11 attacks were emotionally devastating—physically so for the victims and their families—but the threat which terrorist attacks pose to our country is primarily psychological, not physical. The United States is a secure country whose wars are fought on distant continents. There hasn’t been a draft in decades and most of our children will be raised without ever seeing a weapon fired with intent to kill. How do we reconcile those realities? What

FROM THE MOUNTAINTOP

accept me for the fall semester. I found University College Dublin (UCD), but I still needed to secure living arrangements. After a game of email-response chicken with IFSA-Butler—a Duke-approved study abroad program which guaranteed my on-campus housing—it became official: I would be going to Ireland. When I arrived in Ireland, cold and soggy, not unlike the signature Welsh dish of rarebit and laverbread, I was disappointed to find UCD a 30-minute bus ride from the city center. This was the first of many inconveniences that would plague me during my study abroad experience. I was served an overcooked cheeseburger in a pub in Dublin, rolled my ankle at Oktoberfest, lost my phone in Kilkenny, was homeless for a night in Barcelona, missed a portion of the Twelve Pubs of Christmas (a famed Irish tradition) because I took a final exam and didn’t study portions for a final exam because I took part in the Twelve Pubs of Christmas. Compared to the hardships that the Irish have endured time and time again, this “s**t” was insignificant. but in order to succeed, I had to adopt the mindset that kept the Irish people moving forward when the British annexed their nation, Oliver Cromwell invaded and a blight infestation led to the period of mass starvation known as the potato famine. Rolling with the punches, I ate fries and scraps instead of the cheeseburger, hobbled over to a German medical tent, called the pub in Kilkenny

despite whatever else was going on in their lives—the countless inconveniences that we face everyday, which make us scratch our heads, palm our faces and clench our fists—dealt with it and pushed ahead. Further, they returned to an untroubled state. They rolled with the punches and countered with a left hook. We all could learn a little bit from the Irish. Life is not always sunny days and walking distances; there will be inconveniences. Whether these inconveniences are trite or significant, it is important to remember: “s**t happens.” Sometimes King Henry VIII effectively makes your culture illegal. Sometimes civil war breaks out. Sometimes austerity measures are imposed. But no matter what happens, we must find a way to respond and move on. If the unavoidable annoyances that pervade everyday life begin to dictate our actions then “s**t” no longer happens…“s**t” controls. The Irish could have given up several times—they have had every reason to stop trying—but instead they have chosen to adjust and stay optimistic, a tradition that continues today. I’m glad that I didn’t dwell on Istanbul for too long, even though I really had my heart set on it. I’m glad that the Irish taught me how to roll with the punches, and I’m glad to have avoided any pub brawls. Jacob Weiss is a Trinity junior who studied abroad in Dublin. This is the final installment of his column, “ulysses.”

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dedication to the cause is wavering. By 1963, Americans had become intimately familiar with war. World War II, which claimed the lives of 3 percent of the world’s 1940 population, had ended just 18 years prior. The Korean War ended in 1953, and by the 1960s the threat of nuclear war with the Soviet Union lingered above the nation like a storm cloud. Yet these realities only amplified the power of Kennedy’s call for peace. His audience could look back into their not-so-distant history, into their own personal experiences, and find all the evidence they required of the value of peace and the high price of war. More than that, as the Soviet Union and the United States divided the world between their spheres of influence and consolidated them with alliances and defense treaties, it became eminently clear that small wars anywhere risked igniting war everywhere. It was one of those rare moments in history when world peace felt like the necessity it has always been. Like our grandparents and parents before us, we are familiar with living during a time of war, but our relationship to it has led us to believe that certain wars, in certain places, are tolerable. In recent years, the institutions created to achieve world peace—the United Nations being the foremost—have lost legitimacy in the eyes of Americans who have watched the violence in Syria rage on for 5 years, claiming almost half a million lives. The emergence of ISIS crushed our hopes yet further, and even Europe, a beacon of stability, has been touched by war in eastern Ukraine. In the Democratic Republic of Congo, decades of fighting have claimed over 5 million lives since 1998, and smaller conflicts exist around world that never make headlines. We are also growing up in the time of America’s longest conflict. For fourteen years, we’ve watched wars in Iraq and Afghanistan from a distance that distorts our perception of what war really is. In one sense, these wars are an all-too-visible part of our lives, and yet they’ve been almost invisible at the same time. The wars were visible in that we heard so much about them. I still vividly recall writing Christmas letters to wounded soldiers as a

happens to the idea of world peace when a generation, our generation, is raised in a world in which domestic peace and foreign wars can apparently coexist? Sadly, we become numb. In our heart of hearts, we acquiesce to the defeatist view, as President Kennedy would have put it, that war is inevitable and world peace is unachievable. We’ve already begun to accept that our own peace and security is not just a first priority, but that it’s sufficient. Consider, for example, how reluctant the American people have been to intervene in Syria, despite the atrocities committed there by the Assad regime. Increasingly, we believe that we should isolate ourselves from conflicts beyond our borders and focus on protecting the little island of peace we’ve managed to carve out for ourselves. It is important to protect ourselves, but as the wealthiest, most powerful and influential nation on earth, we also have a moral obligation to promote peace everywhere. War is not an unshakable fixture of human society. It is a terrible byproduct of flaws not yet corrected, but by no means uncorrectable. In that same speech, President Kennedy reassured that “our problems are manmade— therefore, they can be solved by man. And man can be as big as he wants. No problem of human destiny is beyond human beings. Man’s reason and spirit have often solved the seemingly unsolvable—and we believe they can do it again.” I wholeheartedly agree with this, the spirit I hope that Americans, and Duke students, might find again. There is no easy route to the now-vague reality of world peace. Diplomacy, economic development, involvement in the international community, a military that respects civilian government; all of these form the foundation for peace in the United States and they can be applied elsewhere. What matters most right now is that Americans, and especially our generation, might rediscover their misplaced ambition, resolve and hope. Ian Burgess is a Trinity sophomore. His column, “from the mountaintop,” runs on alternate Wednesdays.

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