See Inside Duke outworked by Tar Heels on the glass Page 6
T H E I N D E P E N D E N T D A I LY AT D U K E U N I V E R S I T Y
FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 9, 2018
ONE HUNDRED AND THIRTEENTH YEAR, ISSUE 54
Sanjeev Dasgupta | Sports Photography Editor
CHAPEL HILL—It all seemed too easy. For most of the first half, Duke owned the sharp hickory and baby blue floor to the point that it probably should have been painted Duke blue. Against the best rebounding team in the country, the Blue Devils secured almost every board and point in the paint. The result: they were in position to put the game away before the half. And just as quickly as they jumped ahead, their stranglehold on the game vanished. No. 9 Duke fell apart against No. 21 North Carolina at the Dean E. Smith Center, letting a 40-28 lead ooze away from its grasp to fall 82-78. The Tar Heels made the Blue Devil defense look malleable, turning the ball over just twice and owning the hardwood beyond the arc. Cameron Johnson and Kenny Williams combined to shoot 10-of-20 from long range, slamming the door
North Carolina’s run to start second half too much for Blue Devils to overcome By Ben Leonard Blue Zone Editor
on the Blue Devils’ fingers. After cutting a double-digit lead in half at the end of the first half, North Carolina went on a 23-8 run to start the second half that electrified Tar Heel fans and put Duke on its heels, down as many as 10. After getting trounced on the boards in the early going, Carolina righted the ship during the run and sailed on to win the rebounding battle behind an astonishing 15 second-half offensive rebounds. Duke had 11—total. “It’s these runs. It seems like every game we’ve played, they happen,” senior captain Grayson Allen said. “I haven’t seen a game this year where a team hasn’t gone on a run for stretch. It doesn’t matter if it’s three minutes or 10 minutes, it happens every single game. I don’t know what it is, but we can’t lose our focus.” See M. BASKETBALL on Page 7
Nicholas School receives $954,000 from DOD to study drones By Bill McCarthy Staff Reporter
The U.S. Department of Defense has awarded researchers at the Nicholas School of the Environment $954,000 to determine whether drones can help the military monitor forest fires and manage storm damage at coastal installations. Researchers at the University of North Carolina Institute of Marine Sciences and Attollo LLC–a local company specializing in unmanned aircraft systems–will assist with the study, explained David Johnston, director of the Duke Marine Robotics and Remote Sensing Lab and associate professor of the practice of marine conservation ecology. The
three-year project will attempt to develop a proof of concept for how DOD land managers might harness high-resolution imaging to track the effects of storms, fires and military activity. “This is a demonstration project,” wrote Antonio Rodriguez, co-principal investigator and professor at the University of North Carolina Institute of Marine Sciences, in an email. “The largest benefit will be developing protocols and operating procedures that the DOD can use to integrate [unmanned aerial vehicles] into their management activities, in this case, coastal and fire management.” The drones are not too extravagant– Rodriguez said they are “maybe one step above
what a hobbyist would purchase”–but can still gather data with speed and precision. “We sample on the ground at three centimeters per pixel with very high spatial accuracy,” Johnston said. “So that means that the data collected is very rich and can be used for a variety of things.” Jon Putney, owner and partner at Attollo LLC, explained that collecting data through traditional platforms is often costly, whereas drones can be operated and maintained more efficiently. He added that data collection that used to take 10 years due to the size of DOD land spaces can now be achieved in a matter of days using the unmanned aviation technology. Rapid data collection is essential to
understand the speed and impact of coastal erosion and wildfires, Putney said. The drone strategy could be particularly useful at local sites such as Camp Lejeune, a military training facility in Jacksonville, N.C. Beyond enhanced data collection and cost, Johnston said that the main advantages associated with this type of drone use would be ecological. “If you are flying over a beach to look at the topography, you are also collecting images that give you the ecological context as well,” he said. “How much vegetation is there, are there sea turtles crawling, are there sea birds
SORRY, WE LOST A STUPID BET: CAROLINA...STILL THE BEST.
See DRONES on Page 5
2 | FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 9, 2018
LOCAL AND NATIONAL
As rent rises on Ninth Street, stores find it harder to get by By Bre Bradham Local and National News Editor
Bre Bradham | Associate Photography Editor Property values on Ninth Street have been rising in recent years, as documented by the upping of taxable value for buildings on the street when Durham assessed property for 2016.
A few minutes after 6 p.m., Donna Frederick turned the hanging sign on the front door to closed as she locked up the toy shop. The rhythmic beat of landing jumps from the dance studio above drummed through the ceiling. Frederick has worked at Playhouse Toy Store—located at 702 Ninth Street— since 1995 and owned it since 2008. She’s watched the street change over the years as old businesses like Francesca’s Dessert Caffe shutter their doors. A Waffle House popping up down the street over the summer, however, seemed out of the ordinary.
Bre Bradham | Associate Photography Editor In recent years, national franchises like Subway, Jimmy John’s and Panera Bread have appeared on Ninth Street.
“To me that was a shock,” she said. Frederick said she doesn’t view the restaurant chains that have appeared on the street—including well-known franchises like Subway, Jimmy John’s and Panera Bread—as being a negative for the street. “The new businesses have brought some traffic to the street in a good way, but because we’re smaller we don’t have the dollars to do some of the things the corporate businesses do,” she said. In recent months, Ninth Street has seen lost a number of its signature eateries. Francesca’s, a close neighbor of the toy shop, closed up abruptly in November because the landlord planned to double the rent, Frederick explained. At the other end of the street, George’s Java has been transformed into a Southern home store, with the owner leaving a note on the door explaining it was due to health problems. Chubby’s Tacos has also departed, with its owners filing for Chapter 11 bankruptcy. Trees that were previously commonplace on Ninth Street were cut down a few years ago. Parking has also become an issue in recent years, Frederick explained. “I think the local people are still coming to Ninth Street and being supportive, but it’s not the same vibe. It’s definitely not,” she said. “When they cut the trees down—it’s a whole series of things—it made the street kind of not home-y.” The lot across the street from many of Ninth Street’s small shops began charging $1 for an hour of parking, and Frederick said customers were concerned about the security guards for the large parking lot in front of Harris Teeter if they tried to wander across the street. She said that she thinks the guards have lightened up a bit since the local shops made some noise about it. “People tend to go where it’s easier to shop, and that’s what happened,” she said. It’s not an “us versus them,” situation, See NINTH STREET on Page 5
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HEALTH AND SCIENCE
Arts and Sciences Council Smoke exposure on decline discusses veto referendum since smoking ban, study finds By Claire Ballentine Towerview Editor
Mary Helen Wood | Associate Photography Editor Interdepartmental major changes and the veto referendum were topics of debate at Wednesday’s Arts and Sciences Council meeting.
By Hank Tucker Sports Editor
The Trinity Arts and Sciences Council is considering changes to the interdepartmental majors creation process and a mechanism by which a faculty referendum could be used to veto council decisions. At their February meeting, the council discussed both proposals and voted to approve a clarifying amendment to the veto referendum. Council chair Anita Layton, Robert R. and Katherine B. Penn professor of mathematics, noted that each issue is planned to be voted on in March. Here are three key aspects of each of the two proposals:
major, which would then be publicly available to any student that wanted to do it. This differs from the current procedure, in which students propose a 14-course curriculum that is approved by two departments’ directors of undergraduate studies. Leslie Babinski, director of undergraduate studies and assistant research professor in the Sanford School of Public Policy, raised concerns that this shift negates the student-driven nature of the program. 3. In response to a question by David Malone, professor of the practice of education, about the number of students enrolled in IDMs, Forbes said that there are about 25 students in the Class of 2018. Ron Grunwald, director of undergraduate studies in the department of biology and senior lecturer of biology at Duke, said the effect of the change could be that it opens up IDMs to more students. Forbes noted that about 0.4 to 0.5 percent of each class follows the IDM route, with more students choosing to do a Program II major. If the proposal is passed and implemented, students could request an IDM created by two departments or do a Program II major.
Exposure to secondhand smoke has been shown to cause negative effects for pregnant women, such as an increased risk for miscarriage and low birth weight. But a new Duke study has found that expectant mothers are now less likely to face secondhand smoke. Since the 2009 passage of the smoking ban in North Carolina—which outlawed smoking inside public places like bars and restaurants— pregnant women have experienced less secondhand smoke, according to the study, which was published in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health last month. “In particular, we were interested in women who were not active smokers but might have been exposed to secondhand smoke,” said Julia Schechter, assistant professor in psychiatry and behavioral sciences and the study’s lead author. The researchers looked at the presence of cotinine—a biomarker in blood plasma that indicates nicotine exposure within the previous 48 to 72 hours—in 668 pregnant women recruited from Durham between 2005 and 2011 as part of a longitudinal study. These tests showed most of the women had not been exposed to nicotine in the days prior to the test, and those who were exposed had lower average levels of cotinine after the ban was enacted than before. “Even with very low levels of secondhand exposure, many studies have shown that low
levels are associated with various adverse health effects including neural developmental outcomes in children,” said Jim Zhang, professor of global and environmental health and another author of the study. “We were trying to see whether the ban made a difference on the health outcomes.” The study also found that there were still racial and socioeconomic disparities among those affected by secondhand smoke—in particular affecting women who are African American, have received less education and are unmarried.
While the results are encouraging, there’s still the indication that there is more to be done. JULIA SCHECHTER ASSISTANT PROFESSOR IN PSYCHIATRY AND BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES
Schechter explained that African American women may be more exposed to secondhand smoke because the African American population has historically been a main target of smoking ads. “There’s been indication of differences in nicotine metabolism and a greater density of tobacco retail outlets in neighborhoods with a See SMOKING on Page 5
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Interdepartmental major changes 1. The Curriculum Committee’s proposal regarding interdepartmental majors seeks to change them from being designed by students and approved by departments into being public and department-driven. The change is in response to concerns the committee has about consistency and monitoring of the IDMs and to allow for more curricular innovation from faculty, explained Jeff Forbes, chair of the curriculum committee and an associate professor of the practice in Veto referendum computer science. 1. If the council votes to amend their 2. Substantively, this would mean that bylaws to allow faculty to veto their two departments would have to coordinate See COUNCIL on Page 5 to create any requested interdepartmental
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4 | FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 9, 2018
Historians discuss U.S. civil rights, Indian struggle for independence
DSG’s syllabus bank boasts about 300 syllabi
By Maya Iskandarani
By Shagun Vashisth
Health and Science News Editor
who had not touched each other for thousands of years were now singing and praying to God together because of Gandhi,” he said. “King said to his wife Panelists at a discussion Thursday afternoon discussed once that he didn’t need a house or family, realizing the links between the philosophies of Mahatma Gandhi those obligations prohibited him from taking a life of and Martin Luther King, Jr., two historical figures who poverty like Gandhi had.” Slate followed up Jackson’s analysis by naming represent the success of nonviolent civil disobedience in and describing the views of lesser-known figures overturning a society’s unjust status quo. Co-sponsored by the Kenan Institute for Ethics and who represented a similar kind of bridge as between the Duke India Initiative, the panel included Thomas King’s and Gandhi’s respective campaigns. Kamaladevi Jackson, professor of history at the University of North Chattopadhyay, for instance, was an Indian social Carolina Greensboro, and Nico Slate, professor of history reformer who visited the American South in the 1941 at Carnegie Mellon University. The two also touched and identified herself to a demanding train conductor on other historical figures who had been influenced by as a person of color “instead of a prominent foreign and made connections between civil rights matters in figure who’d just had tea with Eleanor Roosevelt in the White House.” the United States and the plight of A year earlier, Pauli Murray, an Indians under British rule. Jackson was the first to speak, Movements today don’t African-American civil rights activist, drew an analogy in the form of a emphasizing how King’s religion need Kings. hand-scribbled chart between the informed the values he preached. NICO SLATE social struggles of black people in the He described “the social gospel that PROFESSOR OF HISTORY AT [King’s] father delivered” as the CARNEGIE MELLON UNIVERSITY U.S. and those of Indians against the colonizing British in that era. Slate foundation for King’s own beliefs. King’s advocacy for the poor and the oppressed was called this his “favorite historical document ever.” “Murray’s analogy is only one of two potent analogies very much in alignment with what Jackson referred to that have linked black struggles to India,” Slate said. as “Gandhian values.” He added that, by some accounts, King’s favorite “One is the race-colony comparison of all Indians with book was That Strange Little Brown Man Gandhi—a African-Americans. This is predated by comparisons biography and analysis of Gandhi’s life by the bishop between India’s lowest caste, the ‘untouchables’, and Frederick Bohn Fisher. In 1949, while enrolled in African-Americans.” Slate and Jackson concluded the discussion with a seminary school, King submitted an assignment for a theology course in which he named Gandhi along with Q&A session that addressed the relevance of Gandhi Jesus of Nazareth as one of six figures personifying and King’s approaches to human rights today. “Movements today don’t need Kings,” Slate said, the mission of Christ. In Jackson’s view, King admired Gandhi for his renunciation of material possessions explaining how the new tools of social media offer a and, by extension, of his status as a member of one of cohesion to contemporary movements like Black Lives Matter that only a human figure could offer in King and India’s higher castes. “King was impressed that millions of Indians Gandhi’s time.
Want to know the workload of a class before you commit to an entire semester? Duke Student Government’s new syllabus bank may be your golden ticket. The initiative was launched by DSG’s Academic Affairs Committee in the Fall semester, with the bank going live last month. As of Thursday, the archive provides access to more than 300 files from courses taught during previous semesters, and will continue to be updated throughout the semester. “The idea had kind of been floated around for a while, and last year I made it one of my big goals as vice president of academic affairs and I talked to administration about it,” said junior Sean Bissell, Vice president of academic affairs in DSG. Located on Duke’s Box, a cloud storage service, the syllabus bank is accessible to all current Duke faculty, staff and students. Syllabi are organized into 55 folders according to class. The economics, public policy, chemistry and biology folders currently contain the most syllabi. “When you’re registering for classes, it’s really helpful to know what to expect from a class based on professors and stuff,”
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said sophomore Shreya Bhatia, a senator for academic affairs. Bissell echoed the goal of the project, noting that students who are warned by their academic advisers to balance the workload of their classes often face difficulty determining what their semester might actually look like. Although the archive contains hundreds of syllabi, it is not fully comprehensive and some departments have zero files uploaded. For example, the bank lacks syllabi for classes in documentary studies, gender, sexuality, and feminist studies and ocean and earth studies. “It’s not done,” Bhatia said. “We’re going to hopefully keep adding to it and making sure that there are no repeat syllabi.” “I can’t stress enough for everyone to send in old syllabi. That’s how we keep this current for all Duke students,” Bissell noted. “It’s going to be updated throughout the semester as more syllabi come in.” As noted by Bhatia, the committee’s ultimate goal is to get every syllabus from every semester for every class. “Last time I checked, we had uploaded 300 syllabi, and we have more to upload that have been sent, so we’ve been working diligently to do that as well,” Bissell said.
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SMOKING FROM PAGE 3 higher proportion of African Americans,” she said. In addition, women who are unmarried or less educated may not have the resources to place themselves in environments that are more protected from secondhand smoke. Zhang noted that personal behavior is related to exposure level, so if there are differences among different groups, then you
will see exposure differences. This research is significant because it shows that the smoking ban did have a positive impact on North Carolina residents, he said. However, Schechter indicated that a third of the sample was still exposed to some level of smoke. “While the results are encouraging, there’s still the indication that there is more to be done,” she said. She added that a more comprehensive ban on smoking throughout the South would further reduce the exposure.
near its coastal installations. “The second mission is focused on forest FROM PAGE 1 management—how we maintain or increase safety for people working on wildfires and present, those kinds of things.” also prescribed burns but reduce costs,” However, their research funded by the grant Johnston said. sets out to do more than demonstrating the He noted that his research team within drones’ capacity for collecting data quickly. the Nicholas School applied for the grant According to a press release, the researchers through the Department of Defense’s will also explore how different types of infrared Environmental Security Technology sensors on commercial drones might more Certification Program and would ramp up accurately survey the real-time progress of its work this summer, carrying on into the prescribed burns–wildfires set off intentionally following three years. for purposes of forest management–ignited While he and Rodriguez perform their
NINTH STREET FROM PAGE 2 Frederick said, because the merchants all sat down together at the beginning of the influx and discussed the situation. Property values on the street have also been rising in recent years, as documented by the upping of taxable value for buildings on the street when Durham assessed property for 2016. Justin Waterfield, an electron molecular technologist in the Duke University Health System, has lived in Durham for nine years. Ninth Street is one of his favorite haunts, in part because it embodies the hipness of Durham. His wife loves the Regulator Bookshop, and he frequent Dain’s Place for burgers and beers on Friday nights. When Francesca’s shuttered its doors due to rent, Waterfield viewed it as the last straw. He emailed city council to let them
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Schechter’s team is continuing to follow the same women from the longitudinal study to see how various prenatal exposures affect their kids’ developmental outcomes. They are now collecting data on the children by bringing them into their lab and measuring different aspects of their functioning, such as eating behaviors and their performance on decisionmaking tasks. “The study [will research] whether the ban will actually make children’s health better because of reduced maternal exposure to secondhand smoke,” Zhang said.
study, Putney and his team at Attollo will be working to ensure the smooth transition of these drones into practice at coastal military installations. Putney explained that his focus is on establishing training systems for potential drone users, developing drone kits that can be specifically tailored to each user’s mission and laying out the protocols and procedures required for drone use in DOD airspace. “It’s really bridging the gap between the applied science and practical application,” Putney said. “By the end of the project, the users should have all of the resources to do
it themselves.” The researchers hope that by the end of the project, DOD land managers will feel comfortable using the drone technology. “[Unmanned aircraft systems] are changing the way we study, manage, and even commercialize the built [and] natural environment,” Rodriguez wrote. “Most UAS applications offer better, cheaper, and safer results than traditional methods that would rely on an airplane or helicopter as a platform. We’re still figuring out how to balance accessibility with safety and this project will move us closer to that goal.”
know he was concerned about it. able to take care of itself, she said, but that’s changing. “Rent going up is a normal thing, unfortunately,” he said. “Now we need help,” she said. “How are they promoting it? Is this the shopping district, or just a mere mention? I think that’s what most of the merchants feel concerned about.” We want to be here, we want to be She said that going forward, a primary concern is getting that place where you can drop in city leadership to view the area as a business area, instead of focusing all the energy downtown. with grandma or a visitor, but we also Frederick explained that her building is owned by the have to be realistic to say it costs managers of the shop’s next door neighbor, Ninth Street Flowers, so she hasn’t faced as much of a squeeze with the money to do that. rising rents as other businesses on the street. The flow of customers, however, from the parking woes DONNA FREDERICK OWNER OF PLAYHOUSE TOY STORE ON and economic shift downtown have strained the 35-year old NINTH STREET toy store. “With us, we’re seeing, honestly, month by month,” she “But doubling your rent? That’s a little unnecessary.” said. “We want to be here, we want to be that place where you Frederick noted that as downtown booms and publicity can drop in with grandma or a visitor, but we also have to be focuses on it, Ninth Street is left off the map. The street has been realistic to say it costs money to do that.”
political science. 2. A key issue raised by faculty was the procedures by FROM PAGE 3 which a referendum could be held. As currently proposed, 10 percent of eligible faculty would have to sign a petition decisions, then enfranchised faculty at large could overturn requesting a referendum within 10 academic business days— council decisions that are unpopular. It does not allow the defined through an amendment on Thursday to be days on faculty to create new legislation—just return the decisions which classes are held—of the council passing legislation, and to the status quo—explained Michael Munger, council then faculty could vote electronically within 10 business days, parliamentarian and director of undergraduate studies of with 40 percent of eligible voters having to cast ballots to meet
FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 9, 2018 | 5
quorum. The council voted to reject amendments on Thursday seeking to change the quorum to 70 percent and to take the votes through department meetings. 3. Thursday is not the first time the veto referendum has been discussed by the council; the issue was included in its last three meetings. Munger explained the idea arose in 2013 after a narrowly divided vote on the 2U online class consortium, and stems from the issue of representation for large versus small departments.
ACC Men’s Basketball Tournament Ticket Lottery Sign-Up Scott Family Athletics Performance Center Ticket Ofﬁce e February 13, 2018 8:30 A.M. - 5:00 P.M. Tournament Info: March 6 - March 10, 2018 Barclays Center Brooklyn, NY To register for the lottery, each student needs to present a Duke I.D. card along with another form of photo identiﬁcation. In addition to both forms of I.D., cash, check or credit card in the amount of $598.00 will be necessary at the time of registration. A refund will be issued for students not selected in the lottery. Tickets must be picked up at Barclays Center beginning March 6, 2018, 60 minutes prior to the ﬁrst game. Tickets are not transferable to any other person; only the student who wins the lottery will be allowed to pick up the tickets. Proper Duke I.D. along with another form of photo identiﬁcation is MANDATORY at this time. All sales are ﬁnal. The lottery is open to all Duke undergraduates and graduate students.
Students will be notiﬁed of lottery results via email.
Sports The Chronicle
THE BLUE ZONE
KEY TAKEAWAYS FROM THE LOSS IN CHAPEL HILL sports.chronicleblogs.com
FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 9, 2018
‘I’D SAY IT WAS AN F’ Undersized Tar Heels dominate the boards in the second half to extend possessions, fuel decisive run By Ben Leonard Blue Zone Editor
CHAPEL HILL—On and off the court, Marvin Bagley III rarely shows emotion. But in the locker room after Thursday’s loss to North Carolina, the normally stoic big man had a towel over his head and stared into his lap. He was reticent at first when asked what happened in Duke’s second-half collapse. But after a few questions, Bagley unloaded after the Tar Heels wrangled the Blue Devils on the offensive glass to steal a win. “Coming out and not winning, that’s not going to fly, especially against that team,” Bagley said. “If I had to grade it, I’d say it was an F.” The grade wasn’t too far off—Duke had owned the boards against the nation’s top rebounding team at the outset, but imploded as the game wore on. North Carolina racked up 15 second-half offensive rebounds—tied for the most the Blue Devils had given up all year in an entire game. But it wasn’t necessarily the Tar Heels’ size that frustrated Bagley and Duke on the boards. Although North Carolina is an elite rebounding team, it isn’t especially big or athletic—it had no players taller than 6-foot8 play significant minutes. Tar Heel guard Cameron Johnson racked up 13 rebounds from the perimeter, just two fewer than their two starting forwards combined. “It’s all five guys. A lot of their offensive rebounds were guys crashing from the perimeter,” Blue Devil senior captain Grayson Allen said. “We knew that was one of their strengths, and we failed to even limit it. That’s not just our big guys—that’s all of us. They’re crashing from the perimeter, so it’s all of our responsibility.” Bagley himself had another strong night, notching a double-double with 15 points and 16 rebounds, but was limited offensively by
Sanjeev Dasgupta | Sports Photography Editor
Marvin Bagley III had 16 rebounds to go with his 15 points, but no other Blue Devil made much of an impact on the glass. impressive fronting from 6-foot-6 stretch forward Theo Pinson. Outside of Bagley, no Duke player made a real impact on the boards. It had to be even more frustrating for the Blue Devils after they set the tone early, grabbing six offensive rebounds to North Carolina’s one. “We have to be tougher,” backup center Marques Bolden said. “They got 20 offensive rebounds. You’re not going to win a game giving up 20 offensive rebounds. That was the biggest part of the game.”
Sanjeev Dasgupta | Sports Photography Editor
6-foot-6 Theo Pinson was a composed leader for North Carolina’s offense and fronted Marvin Bagley III well in the post, making him work for his touches.
Its ineptitude on the boards came to kill Duke when it mattered the most. After disintegrating for much of the second half, the Blue Devils had made it a one-possession game with just under five minutes left. Duke forced two missed 3-pointers, both of which Carolina stole back. Bagley then rejected a dunk attempt. Luke Maye got it and chucked up another 3-pointer, before North Carolina got another board and then missed a layup, which Bagley finally secured. The Tar Heels had the ball for more than a minute and took five shots. Duke couldn’t score on its next possession, while North Carolina responded with a triple. Ballgame. Bagley thinks the issue is with reading the rebounds off the hoop. “When the ball bounces kind of high, you have to read where they shoot the ball,” Bagley said. “A deep shot is most likely going to be a far rebound. They shot the ball and they were already in the position where the balls were bouncing, so it was just that type of night.” Whatever the reason, the Blue Devils just weren’t getting the job done. A 20-11 offensive rebounding margin won’t win many ACC games. Head coach Mike Krzyzewski experimented with a three-big-man lineup—Bolden, Bagley and Carter on the court together for a few minutes in the second half. He had tried the look in practice before and said he might have tried it earlier if Bolden was not sidelined with an MCL sprain. He feels the look is something that might work. “We’ll see. We’ll go to a few different things,” Krzyzewski said. “But Marques did well. He gave
us a huge lift in that first half, but he’s still not in the optimum playing shape that he hopefully will be soon, but he did a good job for us.” Bolden fueled Duke’s 21-7 run in the first half to take a commanding early lead with six points during that stretch, but grabbed just two boards in his 17 minutes on the floor. Fellow reserve big man and rebounding machine Javin DeLaurier played just one minute Thursday. Whatever the combination is for the Blue Devils going forward, something will have to change if they want to be a force to be reckoned with in March. “We’re 20-something games in,” Allen said. “We have to figure this out.”
Sanjeev Dasgupta | Sports Photography Editor
Wendell Carter Jr. was silenced by Tar Heel veteran Luke Maye.
Sanjeev Dasgupta | Sports Photography Editor
Gary Trent Jr. could not shoot Duke out of another hole in Chapel Hill Thursday night.
FROM PAGE 1 After starting out passably, the Blue Devil defense vanished. It never was able to upset Carolina’s rhythm, forcing just two giveaways, which tied a program record that the Tar Heels set against a team in the Metro Atlantic Athletic Conference. The Tar Heels (18-7, 7-5 in the ACC) weren’t hot from the floor, but cleaned up their own misses and picked up 12 second-chance points to begin to run away. In addition to Luke Maye’s near doubledouble, Johnson, a 6-foot-8 guard, racked up 13 rebounds. “We knew that coming in. That’s what they do, even their perimeter guys,” Duke head coach Mike Krzyzewski said. “They rebound well. The initial defense was actually pretty good, and you give second chances, that means you’re on defense for a long time.” Duke (19-5, 7-4) was able to cut the lead late to make it 74-71 and make things interesting, as North Carolina finished the game an ice-cold 12-of-40 from the field. But Gary Trent Jr., Trevon Duval and Alex O’Connell all missed 3-point attempts that could have catalyzed the run, and Johnson ended the Tar Heels’ cold spell with a 3-pointer from the wing with 3:10 left in the game after Duval fouled out. Joel Berry II made two free throws on North Carolina’s next possession, and the Blue Devils were never within one possession again. Marvin Bagley III had a big performance with 15 points and 16 boards, but had to work incredibly hard with veteran guard Theo Pinson fronting him on defense, and couldn’t quite do enough to push his team over the top. After owning the paint in the early going,
FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 9, 2018 | 7
Bagley and Duke did not attempt a 2-point field goal for a nearly 10-minute span in the second half, when North Carolina continued to push past the Blue Devils. Allen said that Duke tried to feed Bagley and Carter in the post, like it did so successfully in the first half, but to no avail. “We tried to keep going to it, but they did a good job of fronting the post and limiting angles to get the ball in,” Allen said. “They were really good at playing in front of our guys down there, so we tried to do some different actions to get them the ball. When we got them the ball, we were very successful, but when we took tough contested twos, we weren’t.” Duke had come out firing on all cylinders, but so did the Tar Heels—from deep. The Blue Devils owned the paint on both sides of the floor, but had trouble stopping Williams. The junior guard nailed four first-half 3-pointers while Johnson also lit it up from beyond the arc, adding 13 points before the break. After controlling play at the outset, the Blue Devils ceded a 2119 lead to North Carolina. But they exploded from there, going on a 21-7 run in which they simply couldn’t miss. Duke made 10 straight from the floor, including six points from backup center Marques Bolden. But the Blue Devils couldn’t pull away, letting North Carolina go on a 17-9 run to close the half and bring it within striking distance. Duke will look to bounce back Sunday afternoon in Atlanta against Georgia Tech. “When adversity hits, we can’t go our separate ways and try to do things ourselves,” Bagley said. “We have to come together and figure something out. It’s a learning experience for us. It hurts to lose to this team.”
Ready for revenge? K-ville to reopen Friday night
By Staff Reports
The Tar Heels had 15 offensive boards in the second half, outrebounding a much taller Duke team.
2 North Carolina matched a program record with just two giveaways all night. Duke had one point off a turnover.
Krzyzewskiville will not be a ghost town for much longer. Head line monitors David Duquette and Sara Constant wrote in an email to the K-ville Listserv Thursday afternoon that Larry Moneta, vice president for student affairs, is allowing K-ville to reopen Friday night at 11 p.m., ending an unprecedented nine consecutive days of grace due to a flu outbreak. The restart will coincide the start of White Tenting, when just two people in each group of 12 have to be in their tent during night hours and one has to be in K-ville throughout the day. Since Black Tenting started Jan. 12, grace has been given for about half of the past four weeks due to the mid-January snowstorm and the flu epidemic. Thirty White Tenting groups will join the 70 tents already in K-ville beginning Friday night to get to full capacity at 100 tents. The White Tenting groups earned their places in line by solving a riddle revealing a “secret spot” Tuesday night at 9 p.m. and finding a line monitor at the Ronald McDonald House on Central Campus. White Tenting will last for two weeks before two nights of personal checks, when all tenters must be present for three out of five checks called by the line monitors, and tenters will get the week off prior to the men’s basketball game against North Carolina at Cameron Indoor Stadium March 3.
9 Grayson Allen struggled through his second straight game in single digits in scoring and had only one point after the break.
Charles York | Staff Photographer
K-ville has been vacant for nine days due to the flu.
8 | FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 9, 2018
Duke doctoral student to compete in Olympics By Sanjay Ravindra Staff Reporter
She’s a 29-year-old evolutionary anthropology graduate student at Duke. She’s also an Olympic athlete working to bring glory to not one, but two nations, neither of which she calls home. For years, Randi Griffin had figure skated and watched the boys play ice hockey after her lessons, begging her parents to allow her to play. To her dismay, she was told “hockey was not for girls.” Her skating coach would chastise her for pretending to race down the ice with a puck while she was supposed to be practicing her routine. But when she was 10
years old, everything changed for the future Olympian who will take the ice for the Korean unified team this weekend at the Pyeongchang Winter Olympics. Her hockey journey would be intricately linked to that of women’s hockey as a whole, for as the sport made its Olympic debut at the 1998 Winter Olympics in Nagano, Japan, so too did her own career begin to blossom. Seeing that their daughter had her heart set on taking to the ice, her parents finally decided to sign her up to play in Cary, N.C. and bought Griffin her first set of hockey gear. Griffin’s hockey career, as well as her intellectual pursuits, began to take off, and
Photo Courtesy of Randi Griffin
Randi Griffin starred on the ice for Harvard a decade ago and is now pursuing a doctorate in evolutionary anthropology at Duke.
she eventually decided to attend Harvard, where she scored 21 goals with 18 assists in 125 career games. She graduated in 2010 and started coaching youth hockey, both boys and girls ranging from 12U to 19U, as a way to stay involved with the sport. “What I liked about coaching was that it was the same game I had been playing my whole life, but I was a beginner again and had to figure out how to fill this new role,” Griffin said. “It’s hard for me to play if I’m not getting better, and coaching was the perfect way for me to stay in the game and still be getting better every day. Plus, it feels great to share the game with kids and be able to pass on everything I’ve learned from coaches over the years.” Griffin’s athletic achievements are inspiring, but her hockey career only tells half her story—her prowess on the ice is matched by her appetite for learning. Following her time at Harvard, Griffin returned to her home state of North Carolina to work toward a PhD in evolutionary anthropology at Duke. She is currently working on her dissertation, which concerns the evolution of the primate skull. “I’m using multivariate statistics to model changes in the shape of the primate skull as a function of different predictors such as diet or body size,” Griffin said. “But I have pretty diverse interests and my main skills are in data analysis, so I’ve worked on a lot of different topics: mosquitoes, tapeworms, flowers, social networks—I’m definitely a generalist.” Her studies were temporarily interrupted in 2014 when she received an email from the Korean Ice Hockey Association asking her if
she was interested in representing a unified North and South Korean team in the 2018 Winter Olympics. They explained that they were looking for players of Korean heritage abroad to fill out their roster and elevate their talent level. They had combed through college hockey rosters looking for players with Korean names, so they had initially overlooked Griffin, who is only half-Korean. Fortunately, a Korean-Canadian player named Caroline Park, who played against Griffin while attending Princeton, had suggested they contact Griffin. At first, Griffin actually believed the email to be a scam, but after repeated attempts to contact her, she realized the offer was genuine. “They asked me to come skate with them in their summer league to see if it might work out. I was pretty skeptical at first—I thought it might be some sort of joke, and even if it wasn’t, I thought they must not realize how long it had been since I’d played at a high level,” Griffin said. “But eventually, I decided to give it a try in the summer of 2015, and I ended up having a lot of fun and realizing that if I could get back into shape, I could really help the team.” Griffin went back to Korea the following summer, and returned again last January to begin a full year of training with the team while working on her dissertation from afar. Although her grasp of the Korean language is “at the level of a 2-year-old,” the language barrier has been less of an obstacle than Griffin expected. Three-fourths of the team members are fluent in English, and the others know at least a little. See OLYMPICS on Page 9
Blue Devils escape with victory vs. Wake Forest By Conner McLeod Staff Reporter
Almost a month removed from a dominant victory against Wake Forest on the road, the teams met again Wednesday night with the Blue Devils in pursuit of a season sweep against the Demon Deacons. Playing without third-leading scorer Haley Gorecki—after it was announced her hip injury would WAKE 51 sideline her for the 59 rest of the season— DUKE No. 19 Duke fought through a sluggish offensive performance at Cameron Indoor Stadium, escaping with a 59-51 victory despite trailing for more than 20 minutes in the contest. “Our message is very, very clear, that if you want to be a great team, be a great player, you find a way to get past any adversity,” head coach Joanne P. McCallie said. “It might not be pretty, it might not be exactly what you want, but you find a way to get it done. This was my most favorite game of the year because of that fight.” Although quieter than usual for most of the game, graduate student Lexie Brown turned on the jets in the fourth quarter to put the Blue Devils over the edge with a team-high 21 points and four assists.
“I’m pleased about the way she handled the situation out there,” McCallie said. “It was a lot of pressure.” Although Duke (19-6, 8-4 in the ACC) played a strong defensive game, holding the Demon Deacons to just 29.8 percent shooting from the field, it did not take care of business as well as it should have on the offensive side early on, shooting an abysmal 33.3 percent from the field in the first half, before recovering with a 52.0 percent conversion rate in the second half. Bad offense for both teams led to a low-scoring, closely-contested game for most of the matchup, but Duke was able to pull away in the fourth quarter. Wake Forest junior Elisa Penna, who led her team in scoring once again with 23 points, did not seem fazed by Duke’s zone, as she scored 10 of her team’s 17 firstquarter points. Penna’s relentless offense helped her team gain a 17-10 lead at the end of the first quarter. Wednesday evening’s matchup against Wake Forest (11-13, 3-8) marked the third game in a row McCallie chose not to start sophomore Leaonna Odom in favor of a three-center lineup. This strategy did not last long after the Demon Deacons opened the game with two uncontested 3-pointers, forcing Odom into the game. Duke’s defense came alive in the beginning
Charles York | Staff Photographer
Lexie Brown heated up in the fourth quarter to help the Blue Devils rally from a six-point deficit late in the third period. of the second quarter, forcing six straight bad possessions for the Demon Deacons leading to five Wake Forest turnovers and a window for Duke to come back. Brown and fellow graduate student Rebecca Greenwell both hit their first triples of the night in the middle of the second period, Greenwell’s tying the
game and Brown’s taking the lead for the first time following a steal by graduate student Bego Faz Davalos. “Defensively, I see us growing. We’re moving people around in different spaces. See W. BASKETBALL on Page 9
OLYMPICS FROM PAGE 8 “Whenever we are together, there’s a lot of translation going on in both directions and a lot of ‘Konglish,’ mixed Korean and English,” she said. “On top of that, hockey is really its own language—most of the hockey words are the same in English and Korean, like pass, skate, defense, power play, and line change.” The unified Korean team has generated controversy in a time of political uncertainty surrounding the region. Its critics, most of whom are millennials who have less reason to feel a connection to their northern neighbors than do their parents’ generation, have called the decision to field a combined team an empty political gesture. In addition, many see it as taking away precious time on the ice from their South Korean compatriots. But sports are indeed the great unifier. When their team takes to the ice on the international stage, all Koreans, North or South, will have something to cheer for. Eight countries will participate in the ice hockey tournament at this month’s Winter Olympics. The United States, Canada, Finland, Russia and Sweden received berths as the top five teams in the International Ice Hockey Federation’s World Ranking. Switzerland and Japan qualified through a play-in tournament, while Korea qualified automatically as the host nation. The Koreans’ path to Olympic glory is a difficult one. They currently hold the No. 22 spot in the IIHF World Ranking, and each of the other teams in the competition is in the top 10. But don’t count Korea out yet— Griffin believes that this team could give its opponents a run for their money. “I think we are going to surprise some people,” she said. “We are very strong defensively and we have a world-class
goaltender, so even if we spend a lot of time in our D-zone, we can keep the scores close.” Korea will begin group stage play Feb. 10 against No. 6 Switzerland. It will also face off against No. 5 Sweden and rival nation No. 9 Japan. After the round-robin matchups, the top two teams in the group will advance to the quarterfinal stage. “The Swedes and the Swiss will be extremely tough—I think every player on those two teams is physically larger than every player on our team, and they are very skilled passing teams,” Griffin said. “Japan’s style is more similar to ours: they are small, fast, and gritty. There is no question that they are a great team, but they are our best chance for a win, and I think we can take them. It’s especially exciting because the rivalry with Japan has a lot of significance for Korean people. Winning that game would feel like a gold medal for us, and I believe we can do it.” Figure skating and speed skating are very popular in South Korea, and the country’s sledge hockey team is world-class. However, ice hockey has struggled to gain a following there. Griffin hopes that the experience of cheering on their team will instill a love of the game in Korean youth. “There is a lot of potential for Korea to become a hockey country,” she said. “We want to use the Olympics as a chance to showcase our sport and inspire a generation of budding Korean skaters to play hockey.” No matter the result when the Koreans take to the ice this month, Griffin can return home to complete her PhD knowing that she made the United States, her adopted home of Korea and Blue Devil nation proud. Korea’s first game against Switzerland is Saturday morning at 7:10 on USA Network.
FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 9, 2018 | 9
Charles York | Staff Photographer
Rebecca Greenwell helped Duke match up with Wake Forest on the boards and was the only Blue Devil to join Lexie Brown in double figures in scoring. to regroup her players. McCallie’s speech worked, as Duke mustered an excellent defensive stand once again, forcing two turnovers and regaining the lead for the fourth time in the game off a 7-0 run of its own. The Blue Devil bigs began rebounding better as well, grabbing 12 third-quarter boards and reducing a 21-14 rebounding deficit to 28-26, still in Wake Forest’s favor. The Demon Deacons held on to outrebound Duke by two. “I’m just really proud of our team. You really had to play hard in that game,” McCallie said. “Just a blue-collar game—I know it wasn’t a fan game, but it was very important to us to finish that and finish it aggressively.” The Blue Devils will return to the floor Sunday afternoon when they travel to take on Clemson.
W. BASKETBALL FROM PAGE 8 I see us getting better,” McCallie said. “I think holding them to 30 percent from the field was incredible because they have a player like Penna on their team.” Both teams struggled to make baskets early on—at the end of the first half, both Duke and Wake Forest were making just a third of their attempts. The Blue Devils’ struggles on the boards allowed the Demon Deacons to acquire 11 secondchance points in the first half, which gave them a 28-27 lead as they entered the locker room at halftime. A few empty offensive possessions for the Blue Devils to start the third quarter allowed the Demon Deacons to make an easy 7-2 run, forcing a McCallie timeout
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Drift 58 59 60 1980s skiing 47 champ Phil 61 62 3 Question of 63 64 responsibility 4 Heinie 49 5 Bauhaus figure PUZZLE BY NED WHITE 52 6 “Dancers at the 23 When repeated, 34 Accord 51 Actor Maguire Bar” painter a Northwest city 36 Completely, in 55 52 Yahoo 7 City north of 25 Modernists, modern slang Lisbon briefly TO PREVIOUS PUZZLE 38 White wine 53 Prefix with 8 Captain in 27 Attendance cocktails phobia W N S A F A T G 1 L R A V F C L A “Apocalypse inventories 41 Popular BBC I O E C R C R R E A 8 Now” A E L A A U 54 Economic 29 Staple feature car series N C O A R A concern A CI H M O A P R B E L N E M 9 Homer’s of Groucho 45 Hand-held E TL E L S M EI N L F U A C R S C E neighbor Marx’s “You Bet percussion 56 No longer Your Life” L M A B C C S T E R 10 Traditional T E A A T O instrument barefoot E T A T C A O R B A N T TI NI O S O U T 30 Spittoon sound January events 47 Mystery writer N R A E R A N T A S 11 Play (around) Y T E H L R O N 59 Include 31 Dandies Marsh discreetly, in a D GI N S N S A GI A L D Y D R E T O 32 Heavyweight 48 Colorful talker 12 Actor Leon of way M A N S OI P T E N S E E L M champ Riddick 50 “Arabian “The Postman W E D O S N N A PI NI Z D Z U A M E Always Rings 33 Over 60 ‘L’ overseer Nights” prince Twice” V A P OI S E S N E T O T R E S E P T S G R X OI W I U S AI W P 13 “Girls” creator/ Online subscriptions: Today’s puzzle and more than 7,000 past star Dunham A TL OI I M E N R I N C O N O A G E puzzles, nytimes.com/crosswords ($39.95 a year). M A X O O Z E D S M UI N R O G R E 14 Sized up Read about and comment on each puzzle: nytimes.com/wordplay. P R A Y D 4 8 D L O V O E W E N P 21 Defensive retort 46
T H E I N D E P E N D E N T D A I LY AT D U K E U N I V E R S I T Y
10 | FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 9, 2018
Looking beyond the flyers
ith social media news feeds flooded with campaign promotions and candidate flyers smiling out from every bulletin board, campus election season is in full swing at Duke. Over the next few months, the student body will elect peers to serve in prominent student leadership roles in the University, including the Board of Trustees and Duke Student Government’s executive board. While not all students will be galvanized into participating in campus politics, the student representatives we elect play a role on committees and bodies that shape consequential issues for University life, including academic curricula, the affordability of a Duke education and sexual harassment policy. Thus, ahead of elections, we encourage students to think critically about the ways they want to be represented and the qualities they desire in individuals entrusted to act in their best interests. Starting Monday, students will select a current senior to serve on the Board of Trustees for three years: the first as a non-voting observer and the next two as a full trustee. The Young Trustee is only one of 37 members of the Board; their biggest impact, consequently, lies not in acting on particular policy issues but in bringing perspectives to the Board
that would otherwise be unrepresented. Given the nature of a Young Trustee’s role on the Board, we feel that character is one of the most important yet overlooked qualities of the position. Ethical judgment is not a trait that can be judged solely by the impressiveness of a candidate’s resume, but by their dedication to causes they have deemed morally
Editorial Board important throughout their Duke careers. While the University emphasizes that the Young Trustee’s role is not one of an advocate, advocacy signifies hard-to-measure traits such as courage, strength of conviction and the ability to speak out about the moral direction of the University. Second, we urge students, when voting, to consider how certain candidates would bring a unique voice to the Board or student government. Because of the numerical need to appeal to a broad base of individuals and groups on campus, DSG presidents and Young Trustees are often those who possess a wide breadth of campus experiences. However, we emphasize that depth of experience in specific aspects
of University life is equally important to bringing issues to light that may otherwise be overlooked. While diversity defined solely as breadth of experience can be nebulous and overly general, the ability to highlight underrepresented experiences contributes to diversity in a real, meaningful sense. Lastly, we emphasize the need for student leaders to stay connected to the student body after their campaigns are over. The aftermath of Young Trustee elections is often very much like a disappearing act—while trustees are elected with a great deal of fanfare, students know very little about their roles on the Board after their representatives assume their positions. Decisions by the Board of Trustees can be frustratingly opaque, even on issues that deeply affect students and families like the never-ending tuition hikes. As stakeholders in the University, students deserve greater transparency and knowledge of the decisions that impact their University experience. In this way, Young Trustees can serve as a critical bridge between students and the arcane procedures of the Board. Simple but powerful actions like continuing to meet with students and groups on campus after joining the Board represent essential actions that our elected Young Trustees can take to truly fulfill their roles we have ultimately entrusted them with.
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Sorry, we lost a stupid bet. Carolina...still the best.
FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 9, 2018 | 11
Uniquely Duke distractions
leep when you’re dead.” This, from one of my friends as we sat on the floor of my friend’s apartment, getting ready to watch the second half of the Super Bowl. I never watch NFL games, and I didn’t care whether Tom Brady got his fifth Super Bowl ring or not. I knew I should have walked back to my dorm to do chemistry problems, study for my math midterm in four days, do my Spanish reading, maybe even sleep (if that’s still an option). I had big assignments due and tests coming up in every single class, yet I still didn’t make myself leave. I didn’t get into Duke with this little self-discipline. I came to Duke, first and foremost, for the academics. But once I got here, I found hundreds of other reasons to love Duke that have nothing to do with classes. Random dance parties with people I barely knew who have become some of my favorite people during Project Arts, inventing a new way to bake cookies in Brown’s kitchen at 2 am, or falling asleep to my roommate’s stories that never reach their ending. And I don’t want to miss out on making more treasured memories with the people here who I’ve grown to love. But while I wish I didn’t need as much sleep as I do, or that I could earn good grades without a lot of studying, I’m not that kind of person. I need to spend longer periods of time concentrating on my schoolwork than what I have been doing so far this semester. But my constant desire not to miss out on a cool opportunity, meet people in a new SLG or see friends I haven’t seen in a couple of weeks gets in the way.
And while the constant access to the best moments of your friends’ lives through constant virtual connection does contribute, Duke’s culture compounds this issue. Because while there are hundreds of academic resources, there are things that Duke presents as part of the “Duke experience” that aren’t directly related to academics. Price-Palooza, with carnival rides, free food and music, was on a weeknight. Black tenting starts in January and lasts until March, and if you don’t think
day are finished. At home with our families, we’re more removed from our social scene with our peers. For me, it was easier to stay home and say “I have to study” when my friends lived a driving distance away and my parents were there to tell me I shouldn’t go out on weeknights. Now, however, all of my friends are within walking distance or a short bus ride away. And thanks to the glass wall and doors that separate Brown’s common room from the entryway, I can be walking out of the dorm
“Because while there are hundreds of academic resources, there are things that Duke presents as part of the ‘Duke experience’ that aren’t directly related to academics.”
VICTORIA PRIESTER on the run from mediocrity you have time for tenting (realistically, who does?), you aren’t a true Dukie if you haven’t spent a whole Saturday waiting in K-ville for a basketball game. Undoubtedly, one of the reasons why transitioning to college is so difficult is because I have to learn to balance doing the extra things I want to do with the coursework that I came here to do. But while I thought I knew how to say no, it has never been easier to say yes. In high school and before that, we go home at the end of the school day or when all of our extracurricular activities for that
to Lilly and still get lured in by my friends waving at me from inside the common room. It’s easy to let an hour pass “eating dinner” at Marketplace, especially when you’re all the way on the inside of the booth and don’t want to ask the other three people squeezed in next to you to slide out so you can leave. I came to Duke with a bucket list of things I wanted to do while I was here. But the more time I spend here, meeting new people and becoming acquainted with activities I hadn’t known about before, the longer and more demanding my bucket list becomes.
Despite the plethora of distractions Duke offers, I need to become better at saying no to more of them. Every blank wall on campus—even inside bathroom stalls—is advertising events that will only make you more knowledgable, woke or connected. I don’t see any telling me to go sit in Perkins. Yes, I may be passing up a “unique” experience that I’ll “only get once!” but the good thing about Duke is that new “uniquely Duke” activities are always coming. I need to start thinking more about how much the quality of my entire life will change based off of watching the Super Bowl. Most times, the impact I convince myself the activity will have—within the three seconds I take to say yes—is a lot less than its true effect if I took more time to weigh my commitment to the full Duke experience along with the requirements to be a strong Duke student. Victoria Priester is a Trinity first-year. Her column, “on the run from mediocrity” runs on alternate Fridays.
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Souls of lay folk: A review of “black.”
pon stepping through the glass doors, one is greeted by a single word, “black.”—in lower-case, not taunting or privileging any definitive blackness. And yet, the title bears a period; it’s a statement. Duke senior Evan Nicole Bell is in the tradition of María Varela, organizer and photographer for SNCC (Student NonViolent Coordinating Committee) in Selma; of Frank Espada, photojournalist for Puerto Rican activism in the late 70s to early 80s; of Moneta Sleet Jr., the Pulitzer-Prize winner who famously captured a grieving Coretta, and countless others. Bell’s exhibit however marks a crucial turn in her predecessors, namely in her emphasis on the “everyday spaces” of black people. Her lens is not on the pantheon of black heroines and heroes, but rather, on the working-class folk that celebrate, and struggle, their blackness. And yet, Bell’s piece takes its point of departure from the Civil Rights Movement, her opening photograph titled, “Continuing the Fight.” In the picture, a woman with cropped hair holds a large poster of the young Rosa Parks, gingerly smiling to the camera, a tacit approval of the current generations. The occasion: a Fight for $15 National Day of Action in Raleigh. Bell’s juxtaposition of this unnamed protestor, coupled with artwork’s topic of fair wages, is perhaps a nod to the March of Washington for Jobs and Freedom. The artist reminds us that black life, in all its reverberations, must have access to equal opportunity. Out of the 22 photos that encircle the viewer, just two more touch on overtly political themes. And that remaining pair, interestingly enough, are also about the Fight for $15. While some may call this repetitive, I argue that Bell is insisting on foregrounding a grassroots politics for blacks, one that implicitly critiques the elitist trappings of the Civil Rights Movement. The second Fight for $15 photo, titled “In Protest,” is of a man
who, as she writes, “holds a sign as he listens to a speech.” Such wording is key, as again, it magnifies the agency of those individuals that are kept of the Camera Lens of History, literally written off as interchangeable, or “not as significant as…[insert leader].” Everything about this man–from his golden Ecko jacket, to the loosely-fit jeans, to his pensive profile—are monumental too. But what of the podium, the microphone that only a handful of revered leaders have wielded to inspire, to indict, to keep accountable? Bell’s third and final Fight photo is of a man, not suited up, but rocking a red beanie, t-shirt and jeans. And the revered leader? That would be Reverend William Barber, seen, donning a royal purple, leaning on his cane as if to bear the weight of this concerned citizen’s truth. And behind all of them, a giant banner with the words, “WE WONT BACK DOWN.” But I would do Bell a disservice if I ended my commentary on the political. These three ‘pillars,’ as I call them, act as a necessary re-shifting of the constellation of black life. That is, before she delved into any other aspects, it was imperative for her to de-center the typical ‘stars,’ so to speak. Hence, all three of these photos were found in the first half of her exhibit. They set the tone for a celebratory blackness, not apolitical, nor vacuous of concerns for organizing, but rather appreciative of the so-called “ordinary.” And what’s the result of this cosmic reordering? The space to exhibit a stunning array of the actors: small business owners, dancers, fraternities and sororities a.k.a., the “Divine Nine,” weeping churchgoers, jubilant school-children, marching band, thespians, street graffiti. Together, they are an homage to the unsung labor, but not in the capitalist sense, but of cultural, social, and emotional value. Take for instance the piece, “A Man
and His Barber.” Here, Bell intimates a gentle masculinity, but one still rooted in traditional landscapes of black male life. The customer, Gerhard Stevens, is seen closing his eyes, head downward in a votive stance to the barber’s behind-the-ear trimmings. A softness exudes between men, one founded on Bell’s patient eyes. An, in an era where “Moonlight” and other films put forth the lives of black queer men into the mainstream, Bell is further challenging and nuancing the socialities of presumably straight, cis black men. We transition to displays of artistic poses, adding “Black Excellence” not just as popular nomenclature, but a vivid, quotidinal element of black life. Bell’s “Nyla Elise,” shows a man wearing a blue t-shirt, with the insignia of the black power fist smack-center. He is stoic, hands behind his back, facing away from the camera. Such an image of a fit, young black man pushes back at stereotypes of black fatherhood as truant. On the contrary, we bear witness to a multi-talented businessman who maintains economic self-sufficiency as a bedrock. But far from cold accumulation of wealth, he turns his love into vibrant merchandise. Bell’s “Marching Band” echoes the music video of Beyonce’s “Formation,” especially in the brief shots of New Orleans parades. This similarity in turn reveals a shared approach from these two black female artists— to enumerate the multiplicities of black performance: to splice cinematic clippings of histories so as if to democratize their worth. This theme explains the subsequent pieces, “Dancers,” “Steppin,’ “The Wiz” and even of “The Holy Spirit.” A short note on the latter two pictures: Bell’s juxtaposition of a congregation, and open-arms “Scarecrow” succinctly show the spectrum of black fervor, thus blurring the lines between religious and secular life. Maybe what follows betrays my own
preferences, but Bell’s“Behind the Wheel,” and “Childhood” are the most memorable additions to the exhibit. Bell fixes on one of the most overlooked segments of black life: kids. What awaits our eyes isn’t despair however, but a jovial girl, eagerly awaiting the instructions of her teacher. The accompanying plaque explains that she’s in a Title I school, a sober reminder to the viewer that a thin safety net is beneath toddlers’ feet. That in the midst of this adorable face, structural disadvantages surround her. Bell’s placement of this picture in the last five leaves us a final commentary: all of the work of aforementioned figures is in part to nourish her unabashed happiness, for her never to lose it. In sum, Evan Bell’s tour de force articulates a blackness that heals, celebrates,and resists. It runs the gamut of ‘lay-hero(in)ss,’ unsung individuals who protest, trim, cook, dance, march, slide, pray, gossip, sing—in a word, “perform,” a community-oriented vision of Durham. As Black History Month approaches, while it’s critical to memorialize leaders across the black freedom struggle, equally empowering is elevating the stewards of our era. To put the spotlight on activists whose documentary work takes place not even holding a camera. Such an inside-look in the way an activist sees the world is a blessing, for it injects in us a radical, invigorating perspective. It is my humble hope that this tribute to our talented photographer encourages more conversations on the impact of millennial activists like herself. I hope reviews like these motivate the latter to keep cultivating their work. As any audience to a probate knows, “I see you!” Antonio Lopez is a Trinity ‘16 graduate. This guest column was originally published on Feb. 8 online.
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