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Movie features Duke student who used career in adult film industry to pay tuition | Page 3

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ONE HUNDRED AND TWELFTH YEAR, ISSUE 57

Suspended men’s soccer player allowed to remain at Duke suspended in January. During the last week, several administrators—including Sue Wasiolek, associate vice president for student affairs and dean of students, and Stephen Bryan, director of the Office of Student Conduct— have testified in court.

Frances Beroset The Chronicle Judge Orlando Hudson issued a ruling on a preliminary injunction Wednesday allowing suspended men’s soccer player Ciaran McKenna to remain at Duke. Hudson issued the ruling after closing arguments by Duke’s lawyer Paul Sun and McKenna’s lawyers Emilia Beskind and Jay Ferguson. McKenna, a sophomore, had been suspended by the University after being found responsible for sexual assault. But after Hudson’s ruling, McKenna will be allowed to remain a student at Duke while the rest of the lawsuit proceeds in court. “We’re so happy for our client, we’re so happy that he can continue his education, that the can continue to get the things that Duke promised him while he is fighting this case in court, and we are very much looking forward to the jury hearing the facts of this case,” Beskind said. Michael Schoenfeld, vice president for public affairs and government relations, said the University had no comment on the case. A team spokesperson also declined to comment on the outcome but noted that the team will discuss whether McKenna can train with the men’s soccer team this spring in the coming days. The Blue Devils host the Pittsburgh Riverhounds of the United Soccer League Sunday to kick off their spring slate. Background to the case McKenna—a men’s soccer player—was suspended for six semesters in January after

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being found responsible for sexual assault by the Office of Student Conduct. He is suing Duke on the grounds of a breach of contract, common-law fairness violations and negligence. A three-person panel, convened in July 2016 by the Office of Student Conduct, found unanimously that McKenna was responsible for violating sexual misconduct policy because the alleged victim had not verbally consented. However, the first panel was not unanimously convinced that the alleged victim, who is also a student, said “no” to the sexual encounter—

although she claimed that she had. McKenna appealed the decision, and the appeals panel found that there was procedural error in the first panel, which did not use the appropriate “reasonable person” standard to decide the case. The issue was then returned to the Office of Student Conduct. A second panel, convened in November 2016, found that the alleged victim had not given consent, and that she had also explicitly denied it. At that point, McKenna appealed to a second appeals panel, which decided not to overturn the decision. McKenna was then

Closing arguments In his closing argument, Ferguson cited the case of Lewis McLeod, who sued the University in 2014 after being expelled for sexual assault, as evidence to support McKenna’s position. But Sun, the attorney for Duke, argued that the McKenna’s argument was a “distortion” of the community standard and that McKenna had been found responsible for sexual assault. “There is only one finding, and the finding is that he was responsible,” Sun said. Sun defended OSC’s decision to create a second panel with an analogy to procedures in normal courts of law. “Your Honor knows the remedy that applies when there is a prejudicial trial error, and it’s whether there’s a civil case in civil court, or a criminal case in criminal court, that the remedy is for a new trial,” Sun said. He also argued that no irreparable harm is done to McKenna if the suspension is carried out and he has to return home. McKenna has claimed he would have to return to the U.K. if suspended because his student visa would have expired. In her rebuttal, however, Beskind emphasized that the details of the alleged sexual assault are not the issue, but rather See SEXUAL ASSAULT on Page 5

Tatum’s career day carries Duke past Virginia Brian Pollack The Chronicle CHARLOTTESVILLE, Va.—Wednesday night’s contest was exactly the kind of game Virginia likes to play. Neither team topped 25 first-half points, and the Cavaliers slowed the pace down to a near-glacial rate, taking possessions deep into the shot clock and ensuring that each offense would get only a limited number of chances to score. But in the end, Duke made those possessions count and found a way to pull out its sixth straight win. Led by a career-high 28 points and six 3-pointers from freshman Jayson Tatum, No. 12 Duke kept the ball rolling with a 65-55 victory against No. 14 Virginia at John Paul Jones Arena. Tatum knocked down 6-of-7 from behind the arc and poured in 21 points after halftime— including two dagger 3-pointers in the

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last three minutes—to help the visitors pull away. “Jayson had one of those few minutes where it’s what separates ordinary players from outstanding players. There’s nothing about coaching there,” Blue Devil head coach Mike Krzyzewski said. “We want him to take the shots, but it was like four points and all of a sudden, it was 10…. His shots were bigger because it’s a one- or twopossession game and all of a sudden two [3-pointers] gave you about two or three more possessions.” After trailing by four at halftime, Duke (21-5, 9-4 in the ACC) held on to a narrow lead for much of the second half, but a Kyle Guy 3-pointer near the eight-minute mark brought Virginia back within one and energized the home crowd.

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INSIDE — News 2 Sports 6 Classified 13 Crossword 13 Opinion 14

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Izzi Clark | The Chronicle Jayson Tatum closed the Cavaliers out with two dagger 3-pointers in the final three minutes to finish the best game of his career.

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Senior Uzoma Ayogu elected Academic Council hears ideas undergraduate Young Trustee for two new Duke programs Staff Reports The Chronicle

grateful for a clean race. The runner-ups echoed similar sentiments about the quality of the race and also congratulated Ayogu. “It was a great race, and I am honored to have run alongside these candidates,” Soto wrote in an email. “It was an incredible learning opportunity, and I am grateful to have met so many wonderful people during the campaign.” Ranganathan added she was confident Ayogu would contribute meaningfully to the

Senior Uzoma Ayogu was elected as the undergraduate Young Trustee Wednesday. Ayogu received 1,311 votes, but was deducted 14 points for violating rules about East Campus flyers. He ended up with 1,297 votes, topping Steven Soto, who received 625 votes, Tanner Lockhead, who received 423 votes and Anya Ranganathan, who received 144 votes. 2,504 students voted in See AYOGU on Page 5 total this election. “As was the case with last year’s elected Young Trustee, Jamal Edwards, Ayogu captured a majority of the votes based on first preference rankings alone,” wrote sophomore Sabriyya Pate, Duke Student Government’s attorney general, in an email. Ayogu—a mechanical engineering major— co-founded The Releaf Group, an investment procurement platform that aims to make investing easier in Africa. He is also the Class of 2017 President for Engineering Student Government and chairs the Diversity and Inclusion Undergraduate Committee of Pratt School of Engineering. “I feel extremely grateful,” Ayogu told The Chronicle. “My team has been absolutely phenomenal. I couldn’t have asked for anyone better to go to bat for me. It’s pretty humbling to see all the people who supported me, from those who just took one class with me freshman year to people I’ve known all Special to The Chronicle my years here.” Ayogu is the Class of 2017 President for Ayogu added that he respected all of the Engineering Student Government and cocandidates running against him and was founded the Releaf Group.

Claire Ballentine The Chronicle During its Thursday meeting, the Academic Council heard presentations about two new programs at Duke and reviewed a statement regarding President Donald Trump’s executive order on immigration. One proposal outlined a joint Ph.D. program between the Sanford School of Public Policy, the sociology department and the department of psychology and neuroscience. It was presented by Kenneth Dodge, William McDougall professor of public policy studies, along with sociology professor Stephen Vaisey and Elizabeth Marsh, professor of psychology and neuroscience. The program would seek to expand job opportunities for graduates and create Neal Vaidya | The Chronicle a greater interdisciplinary approach to public policy research, Dodge explained. The Executive Committee of the Academic Council presented a statement in opposition He noted that it would not require any to Trump’s executive order on immigration. additional funding. Dodge said that in recent years, students community or benefits of being in a program,” in sociology or psychology and neuroscience Dodge responded. “They might have less have increasingly desired to translate their commitment from faculty in one unit.” research to public policy and that this The council will continue to discuss the program would allow them to do that. proposal and vote on it at its March meeting. This could be a tool in recruiting top Lesley Curtis, director of the Center for students to Duke because other schools have Population Health Sciences in the School of similar programs, Vaisey explained. Medicine, gave a presentation about a proposal Some members questioned how this for the Center to transition into a department. program would be different than students The department would examine the in one Ph.D. simply taking some courses in a underlying causes of health in populations, different department. “The student wouldn’t have intellectual See COUNCIL on Page 5

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New Lifetime movie depicts Duke porn star scandal written by Katie Fernelius, Trinity ’16 and former recess editor for The Chronicle. The Chronicle Fernelius said that she was contacted by the writer of the film for input about some of the context surrounding the article. Until a Lifetime movies are known for being too trailer was recently released, she said that she dramatic to be realistic, but one recently had forgotten about the film and was amused released film hits close to Duke. to discover that there is a student journalist in The movie, titled “From Straight A’s to the movie based in part on her. XXX,” premiered Saturday evening and “I’m pretty sure I’m like a slightly evil tells the story of a Duke first-year who made character in the movie,” Fernelius joked. national headlines in 2014 when news Although Fernelius said that she has not broke that she doubled as an adult film watched the movie, Schoenfeld said that he actress. The plot follows Miriam Weeks as had seen it. she makes the decision to join the adult film “I thought it was factually challenging,” industry under the pseudonym Belle Knox Schoenfeld said. “It was filled with the to help cover her tuition and documents kind of stereotypes that typically populate how she handled the subsequent reaction. Lifetime movies. It was somewhat laughable and mostly tedious.” The movie also emphasizes rising cost of college tuition and the financial burden that this can place on students. Despite these criticisms, Schoenfeld maintains that the University continues to provide financial assistance to students when necessary. “We are committed to meeting the full demonstrated financial need of all students. It is unfortunate that things were presented otherwise,” Schoenfeld said. “It may have been a commentary on college costs, but there are many different ways to finance and afford an education at Duke.” The Washington Post article also notes that the movie had the help of women both in front of and behind the camera, with female executive producers, a female screenwriter and director. Fernelius said that much of the Chronicle File Photo discussion following the publication of The film follows the story of a Duke student who worked in the adult film industry using the her article—which was one of the first to feature an interview with Weeks—centered pseudonym Belle Knox.

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The University was not notified that this film was being made, said Michael Schoenfeld, vice president for public affairs and government relations. “That sort of flew under the radar,” Schoenfeld said. “We typically become aware when the producers ask permission to use a trademark, like a logo, a t-shirt or a hat. In this case, they did not use any Duke trademarks, so they did not contact us for permission or to check any facts.” According to an article in The Washington Post, the writers relied on Weeks’ interviews to write the film and had difficulty finding Weeks online to get an update on her life. One of the articles used as source material was a profile in The Chronicle

Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons The movie about the 2014 scandal premiered on Lifetime Saturday evening.

around how feminism could operate in the pornography industry. “I certainly don’t want to deprive [Weeks] of the fact that I think she genuinely sees herself as a feminist, but one thing I do feel proud about was that [my] article was fundamentally concerned with feminism,” Fernelius said. “I don’t think this scandal would have been a story about feminism had it not been for this article.” Still, Fernelius acknowledges that the idea of a “Duke scandal” plays a role in the continued fascination with the subject. “You could Google search ‘Duke and sex’ and find a lot of different types of stories,” she said. “It’s a pretty easy narrative to come out of Duke, so people are really interested and compelled by it.” Weeks declined to comment.

Right Wing Extremism in America A CONVERSATION WITH RICHARD COHEN PRESIDENT, SOUTHERN POVERTY LAW CENTER

Feb. 21, 2017, 6:30 p.m. Sanford 04 | Free and open to the public Parking in the Sanford School of Public Policy lot

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Meet this year’s Graduate Young Trustee finalists Bass Connection project. He also has won the Duke Chancellor’s Service Fellowship and was named a national Albert Schweitzer Fellow in Service for his work in the Duke and Durham community in addition to serving as the first-year president of the Health Providers Association. Goltz explained that being a representative for Duke Graduate and Professional Student Council has enable him to understand the issues and challenges central to life as a graduate student in any field. “I’ll be an advocate for all, not just a vocal few,” Goltz wrote.

Heather Zhou The Chronicle Three graduate students have been chosen as finalists for Young Trustee for the graduate and professional student body. Alisha Hines, Daniel Goltz and Erika Moore are eligible to be chosen for the position, which consists of a two-year tenure on Duke’s Board of Trustees. The candidates will be presented to the General Assembly of the Graduate and Professional Student Council Feb. 21, according to Travis Knoll, chair of the Graduate Young Trustee selection committee and a graduate student in the history department. Alisha Hines A fifth-year Ph.D. candidate in the history department, Hines noted her passion for issues affecting graduate students. “I decided to run because I have become increasingly interested in the relationship between graduate students and ‘big Duke,’ and what our role is or could be in forging the University’s future,” Hines wrote in an email. Hines has served as co-president for the Hurston James Society, an organization that provides support for minority graduate students in the social sciences and humanities, and an executive board member for the Black Graduate and Professional Student Association. She also previously served on the Graduate School’s Council of Presidents. She explained that taking on these services roles on campus has allowed her to see the institution from many different perspectives— including those of students, faculty and administrators. These discussions have expanded her knowledge of “the wide-range of concerns” of the graduate students. “A newly invigorated conversation about

Special to The Chronicle Voting members of the General Assembly of GPSC will select either Erika Moore, Alisha Hines or Daniel Goltz as their next Young Trustee.

the role of institutions of higher education, especially liberal arts institutions, as well as their responsibility to students, is under way,” Hines wrote. “Graduate students are major stakeholders in the emerging new order.” Daniel Goltz Goltz, a fourth-year student in the M.D./ MBA dual-degree program offered by the School of Medicine and the Fuqua School of Business, said that he wants to serve as Young Trustee to give back to Duke. “Duke means everything to me. This university has set me down a path that lies

perfectly at the intersection of medicine and policy,” Goltz wrote in an email. “And when you’ve been given a gift so meaningful, you feel compelled to return part of yourself. The chance to help guide Duke and act as an advocate for its students made the decision to run an easy one.” He added that his past leadership roles and community engagements make him a strong candidate for the position. Goltz noted that he co-founded a community service project that has touched the lives of more than 50 low-income elderly people in Durham, which was later developed into a

Erika Moore Moore, a fourth-year Ph.D. candidate in biomedical engineering in the Pratt School of Engineering, said her experience being a graduate resident for three years and working with undergraduates, graduate students, staff and administrators has given her a great appreciation for the sense of community on campus. “I like to describe the Duke community as a meshwork. Each voice contributes a thread—but right now, not every voice is heard,” she said. “I want to be setting a tone through the Board for the president, about the value of diverse voices and of everyone’s voices being heard.” Moore has started a Pratt mentorship program this year, called “Engineering a Community,” to pair undergraduate students with graduate students and provide them with guidance in navigating everything from financial aid to finding internships. “I want people to know I see this position as a position of service,” she said. “I am very dedicated to fulfilling that service and being the best representative of graduate students as I can.”

Foreign policy experts argue Carpenter Andy O’Shea creates about how to handle Russia masterpieces out of Duke’s trees Bre Bradham

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The Chronicle Two experts debated how much the United States should be involved in Russia-related international conflicts Thursday evening. Jack Matlock, Trinity ’50 and former U.S. ambassador to the Soviet Union, and Henry Nau, professor of political science and international affairs at George Washington University, spoke about U.S.-Russia relations and the best approach to handling Russia’s geopolitical influence. The event, which was hosted by the Alexander Hamilton Society, was attended by about 30 people. “The question is really whether we are in a geopolitical competition with Russia. I would say absolutely not,” Matlock said. “We should not be, and if we put ourselves in a mindset to do that, we are going to repeat the mistakes that brought World War I and World War II.” Both Matlock and Nau served in foreign policy capacities under President Ronald Reagan, who Nau said was perhaps “one of the great presidents in [American] history.” Matlock, who is currently a Rubenstein Fellow, added that the greatest interest of American foreign policy is to avoid a nuclear war with Russia. What happens in Eastern Europe is largely irrelevant to U.S. interests, he said. “Russia is not contesting us anywhere which is vital to our security,” Matlock said. He added that American intervention in Ukraine would be like getting into a Russo-Ukrainian “family fight.” On the other hand, Nau argued that the U.S. should look to “stalemate” Putin’s new warfare by building up NATO and neutralizing Russia’s military capacity.

Andy O’Shea has worked as a master carpenter in the facilities management department at Duke for more than two decades. A cabinetmaker and carpenter by trade, O’Shea has created some of Duke’s most unique pieces—tables and benches crafted from repurposed trees cut down across campus. The Chronicle’s Bre Bradham talked with O’Shea over the phone while sitting at the wooden table in the Giles’ kitchen—one of O’Shea’s creations.

Jim Liu | The Chronicle Henry Nau (left) encouraged the U.S. to take an active stance in dealing with Russia.

“[Putin] is absolutely determined to reverse what he considers to be the geopolitical consequences of the end of the Cold War and the loss of the Soviet Empire,” Nau said. “I don’t think that he has a plan that’s Hitlerian in that sense, but I do think he has an objective.” He noted that Putin is likely looking to encourage instability in Ukraine, Poland, Hungary and the Baltic States in order to weaken their ties with NATO and the European Union. There is “no evidence whatsoever” that Putin is trying to reestablish the Soviet Union, Matlock responded. “Number one, he can’t do it, and See RUSSIA on Page 5

The Chronicle: How did you get started with carpentry, and how did you end up here at Duke? Andy O’Shea: I started doing furniture work when I was about 20 years old, refinishing antique furniture. I did custom cabinetry, built houses and then I came to work here at Duke about 22 years ago. I contracted out here for a couple years. I’ve been working in the cabinet shop and the carpentry shop for about 22 years. They just recently have been cutting all these trees down and wanting to use them, that’s how I got into this.

is a little bit different for facilities. I’m actually making a conference table, but it’s not out of this reclaimed wood. It’s out of some other wood that has been reclaimed. TC: Where on campus are some of your other creations? AO: Well. You’re familiar with the table in Giles. Really, the first one we did was about a year-and-a-half to two years ago, and that is the one in the Smart House. We did that one and a set of benches. I’m doing a bench right now See TREES on Page 5

TC: What have been some of your favorite projects with the reclaimed wood? AO: I did a bench just recently, and we are actively talking with some people in facilities about increasing the scope of some projects in some buildings—maybe doing an entire room or something. Several buildings need to have the doors redone, so we are talking to them about possibly taking some of the wood Courtesy of Sarah Burdick harvested on campus and making the doors O’Shea creates tables out of campus trees that for the buildings. have been cut down because of their age or to Right now, I am doing another table that make room for construction.


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inform policies and grow the next generation of scientists devoted to studying health outcomes, Curtis said. In addition, the department plans to create repository of electronic health data. Curtis noted that the department would include both tenured and non-tenured faculty and aims to create a tenurable home for nonclinical faculty in population health. “The work is highly collaborative and interdisciplinary,” she said “It will increase the capabilities of other departments.” She explained that $8.25 million over four years would be required to establish the operational department. Campbell Harvey, J. Paul Sticht professor in the Fuqua School of Business, questioned how the addition of the program would affect the School of Medicine’s reputation, noting that it could reflect negatively on the school if the department did not rank in the top 10. “Right now, in competition with departments doing this kind of work, we would fare very well,” Curtis explained. “I’d say from page 4 top five would be the goal.” The Council also approved a resolution for over at Keohane Dorm commons area. from the Executive Committee of the That’s really the three ones that we’ve done Academic Council regarding Trump’s recently, but I’m hoping to do more. I would executive order on immigration. love to do more. “The need to protect the United States from terrorism requires careful vetting of TC: How does this contrast with the work all visitors, but does not justify a ban on all that you do on a daily basis? refugees and on the citizens of these seven AO: It gives me a little more freedom to use nations,” the statement said. “We therefore my artistic level, I guess. There’s something urge the President to rescind the executive enjoyable about bringing something back that order immediately.” has intrinsic value to the University. You can see it going full-circle. In other business: The Council approved changes to the TC: Tell us about the process from when faculty handbook discussed at its January you get the reclaimed wood to your finished meeting as well as proposal for a new master’s product. Is there anything different about degree in interdisciplinary data science, working with the reclaimed wood and working which will now go to the Board of Trustees for with regular wood? approval at its meeting later this month. AO: Yeah, it is. It’s odd in some ways, but keeping a table in a “rough” state and not totally from page 4 finished is in some ways harder. Generally, you take the lumber and bring it down to a nominal size. You make all the boards consistent in size and width and everything, before you start number two, if by some miracle he did, it doing any kind of joining or things like that, wouldn’t be a threat to us because there and it makes the process a little more uniform. would be so many people in dissident, it Whereas now, you are working with something would be so weak,” he said. Additionally, Matlock argued that Russia’s that has differences in it that don’t allow you to do that, and at the same time you do not want increased military presence was a reaction to the to take out that character that is in it… I make “fundamental mistake” of expanding NATO. the stuff, but the finish guys who paint it add “Our own actions have created reactions,” he the luster and life to it. said. “These haven’t been good for Russia, but they haven’t been good for anybody.” Nau disagreed with Matlock that the TC: Is there anything that you hope that students get out of sitting at one of your tables or expansion of NATO led to the Russian invasion knowing that the table in their dorm was made of Crimea. from wood harvested on Duke’s campus? “When NATO expanded, it did not— AO: I mean, you see some of these big, until the Crimean invasion—post a single big trees, and you see someone cut down military soldier in any of the new member these trees—but they have a lifespan. It serves states,” Nau said. “It did that deliberately to multiple purposes, and I guess that’s a good show that this was not a defense arrangement rule for life in general. It’s what you leave against the Russians, but that it was a behind sometimes. I think the students have a way to reinforce some very fledgling and real appreciation for it. They like to see that it fragile regimes in these Eastern European countries that were coming out of seventy doesn’t go to waste. years of massive repression.” Still, countering Russia’s invasion of Crimea from page 1 would be hypocritical because the U.S. set precedent for such actions, Matlock said. whether Duke was negligent in applying its “We made war without U.N. approval against student conduct procedures. Serbia, we detached Kosovo from it and then we “He selected Duke,” she argued. “When he recognized Kosovo’s independence in violation came to Duke after doing that research and of our commitment,” he said. “As far as invading deciding on Duke, he agreed that he would a country and making war, we invaded Iraq.” play soccer for them and live by their rules. Going forward, the U.S. should not And Duke has to live by the rules too.” immediately spring to the aid of every ally, Nau Eventually, Hudson agreed with argued, but rather help countries, such as in McKenna’s argument and decided he Ukraine and Turkey. should remain at Duke for as long as the case “The battle for freedom on the borders of continues to be litigated. free Europe and Russia is very important, not “I also agree that he has established and the battles in Afghanistan or Iraq or, earlier, carried his proof on his claims that his hearings Vietnam,” he said. “There, we just take care of were fundamentally unfair,” Hudson said. “The threat, we don’t stick around and try to build mandatory injunction will be allowed.” purple finger democracies.” Board of Trustees and that she wishes him all the best. Lockhead said that Ayogu was “deeply qualified” and would do an excellent job as Young Trustee. Pate noted that the voting system had a minor glitch within the first hour of opening, causing voters to only be able to rank their first and second choices. However, this was quickly corrected, and it would not have impacted the results, she said. Ayogu was deducted points for having illicit flyers in three East Campus dorms—a minor infraction, Pate said. An unidentified member of another candidate’s campaign team informed DSG of the infraction, she explained. A proposal to restructure the DSG Senate by reducing the number of committees from seven to five was passed with 51.22 percent of votes in favor. Students also passed a proposal to revamp the role of DSG’s executive vice president by a 68.47 percent in favor.

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Your weekly skim of all things Duke...

The Chronicle | February 16

What You Need To Know Winner Winner Chicken Dinner And by that we mean to say that Uzoma Ayogu won the vote for Young Trustee. Let us hear you holla’. Do NOT Bring Out the Dancing Lobsters Because this case isn’t over yet. Recently, a soccer player suspended on the basis of alleged sexual assault filed a lawsuit against Duke and Stephen Bryan, associate dean of students and director of the Office of Student Conduct. The player’s lawyers argue the University improperly handled the player’s case, and last week, a judge ruled that the complaint filed be unsealed. Law professor James Coleman has now testified on behalf of the player, sophomore Ciaran McKenna, and the testimony has continued. But yesterday, the judge issued a ruling on a preliminary injunction filed by McKenna’s lawyers, and the suspended player will now be allowed to remain at Duke while the lawsuit proceeds in court.

In Other News The women’s basketball team is on fire with their fifth consecutive win—this time against Pittsburgh. But attendance in Cameron isn’t looking too hot. After putting UNC back where they belong (class), the boys took home a W against Clemson. Lacrosse season has officially begun, and with two consecutive wins against Furman and Navy, the women are keeping things spicy. And the men? You may need some water.

What You Want to Know Did we mention we beat UNC?

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MEN’S BASKETBALL

DEFENSE RISES UP AGAIN

Duke holds Virginia to season-low in points and field goal percentage Hank Tucker The Chronicle CHARLOTTESVILLE, Va.—For most of Wednesday night, Duke’s offense was ineffective, struggling to attack the basket and find open shots against No. 14 Virginia’s pack-line defense. With less than three minutes remaining in the game, before Jayson Tatum drilled deep 3-pointers on backto-back possessions to put the game away, the Blue Devils had just 48 points. But they still led by four at that point thanks to their most complete defensive performance of the season. Although the Cavaliers entered the game as the second-lowest scoring team in the ACC due to their slow pace of play, they were still the most efficient shooting team in the league at 49.2 percent. Instead of finishing long possessions with easy shots in the paint, though, Virginia had to force up several contested shots with the shot clock running down against Duke’s stifling defense and wound up just 21-of-57 from the field. “Virginia is a great offensive team. They take their time. They make sure they get a good shot every time down the court,” sophomore Luke Kennard said. “We needed to lock in on the defensive end tonight. That was our main priority and we did a great job of that.” The Blue Devils did most of the damage even without graduate student Amile Jefferson—their defensive

Izzi Clark | The Chronicle The Blue Devils held Virginia to 5-of-20 shooting from 3-point range and pressured the Cavalier guards into some costly turnovers.

anchor down low—on the floor. The Philadelphia native picked up his fourth foul with more than 15 minutes left in the game and played just 21 minutes due to foul trouble, forcing freshman Harry Giles into a large chunk of meaningful minutes. Giles met the challenge, notching two steals in quick succession with Duke clinging to a 35-32 lead. The Cavaliers did not score for more than three minutes after the 6-foot-10 big man entered the game. “Harry played magnificent. I believe

Harry is getting better each and every game,” Kennard said. “Amile is our backbone on the team and we needed Harry to step up. He played big minutes for us, got some stops, some buckets.” Giles, thought of more often as a skilled offensive threat than a gritty rim protector, scored five points and played more minutes than he has since Jan. 14, making most of his impact on defense. Virginia’s starting frontcourt of Jack Salt and Isaiah Wilkins combined to score just eight points and rarely got the ball in good position in the paint.

“Offense is going to come. It is what it is. It’s going to take time,” Giles said. “I’m just going to do what I do…. I’m going to be protecting the rim, stealing the ball.” On the perimeter, Cavalier point guard London Perrantes exceeded his scoring average with 14 points, but needed 11 shots to do it. Last year’s ACC leader in 3-point percentage, he also made just one of his five attempts from long range. Blue Devil defensive stopper Matt Jones drew the assignment on Perrantes to start the game and kept him in check in the opening minutes. Perrantes took advantage of a matchup against Kennard for a possession by getting to the rim for a layup, but Duke gave him very few straight-line drives to the basket the rest of the way. In crunch time, after a 3-pointer from Virginia freshman Kyle Guy trimmed the Blue Devil lead to one with less than eight minutes left, Jones was back on Perrantes and shut him down to kill the Cavaliers’ hopes of a comeback. Virginia went scoreless for nearly five minutes after Guy’s triple, with Perrantes missing a contested 3-pointer in the middle of the drought that would have trimmed the lead to one. And after Perrantes finally made a jumper to pull within four, he was forced to take another deep mid-range jumper on the ensuing possession that bounced harmlessly off the rim. See DEFENSE on Page 12

WOMEN’S BASKETBALL

Chidom stars inside to spark another Blue Devil rout Ben Leonard The Chronicle

Juan Bermudez | The Chronicle Senior Oderah Chidom had one of her best games of the season, making her first seven shots as the Blue Devils dominated the paint.

WINSTON-SALEM, N.C.— Early in the year, the Blue Devils’ offensive execution routinely failed to make the trip on the road this season. Its tardiness Thursday once again put Duke in early danger of an upset, until the Blue Devils locked in with a gritty post performance that led them to a sixth straight rout. DUKE 79 Despite turning the ball over eight WAKE 53 times in the first quarter, No. 13 Duke took down Wake Forest 79-53 Thursday at Lawrence Joel Veterans Memorial Coliseum, using a bigger lineup against a strong rebounding team en route to a decisive edge on the boards. Senior forward Oderah Chidom led the way for the Blue Devils with 17 points on 7-of-9 shooting

and a game-high eight rebounds, lifting her team from a lethargic start to 46 paint points thanks to several decisive post moves. But her grit in the post did not come without a cost—she chipped off the bottom half of a tooth after being struck diving for a ball midway through the fourth period, eventually returning to the game after a brief rest on the bench. “Oderah played a beautiful game,” Duke head coach Joanne P. McCallie said. “[She was] very demanding of the ball, finishing, just playing her game—a very physical game. But she’s happy about that. She gave part of herself for this game. We’re going to fix her up. Boy, I sure like when she plays that way and she looks nicely mean.” Junior Lexie Brown once again caught fire after halftime, leading a Duke spurt toward the end of the third See W. BASKETBALL on Page 13


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WOMEN’S BASKETBALL

Duke’s superfan Sam Turken The Chronicle

Jordan DeLoatch is easy to spot. If you’re at a women’s basketball game or even watching on television, just look toward the front of the student section. You’ll see him standing in the middle of the first row wearing a blue Duke hoodie and blue or black Blue Devil sweatpants. He yells with his hands cupped around his mouth when Duke is on defense. He waves his arms from side to side to the rhythm of the music as the band plays. Sometimes when home crowds are small, he’ll be alone. But that doesn’t stop him from chanting for the Blue Devils all game long. Two years after graduating from the University, DeLoatch’s passion for Duke women’s basketball has not wavered. He attends almost every home game each season, and can tell you everything there is to know about the program. He’s even struck up an unusually close relationship with the team. DeLoatch, Trinity ’15, says his enthusiasm might be excessive. Although his parents are alumni of Duke’s Fuqua School of Business and his sister is a freshman undergraduate, they don’t share his passion for head coach Joanne P. McCallie’s squad—and neither do most other Duke students. But when he talks about his experiences watching the team, he smiles out of pride that he’s such a dedicated fan. “I take it to a level my family doesn’t,” DeLoatch says. “I like to think that I’m as much into the Cameron Craziness as anybody.” DeLoach has been a Blue Devil sports fan since his early childhood. As a native of Cary, N.C., who grew up less than 30

minutes from Durham, he frequently attended football and volleyball games with his family. Although he also went to a few men’s basketball games, it was usually difficult to find tickets to the men’s contests. Women’s games were not of interest to the family. His interest in McCallie’s squad began once he enrolled at Duke. DeLoatch followed several different Blue Devil teams as a freshman and sophomore. He joined The Inferno—Duke Athletics’ student club—and went to soccer, volleyball, field hockey and of course men’s basketball games. But it was women’s basketball that ultimately attracted him most. McCallie had some of her most consistent teams at Duke during his freshman and sophomore years. The Blue Devils reached the Elite Eight in 2012 and 2013 and were ranked in the top 10 throughout both seasons. DeLoatch never expected he’d become a women’s basketball fanatic. But as he went to more games, he enjoyed watching stars like Elizabeth Williams, Chelsea Gray and Tricia Liston run the court and dominate opponents. “They were all fantastic,” he says. “It was just a lot of great basketball to watch. And I kind of realized, ‘What if we could have the atmosphere from men’s games at women’s games too?’” DeLoatch committed himself to the team the rest of his time in school. He didn’t miss a game as a junior or senior and still attends most games when he doesn’t have work. His goal of creating a livelier environment in the student section, though—that hasn’t panned out. At many games, he is the only person in the front row. Sometimes he’s the lone fan

Han Kang | Chronicle File Photo Jordan DeLoatch graduated in 2015 but is still often one of the only active fans in the student section for women’s basketball games.

chanting and must rely on the band and the cheerleaders to join him. “It’s kind of awkward at the start and I kind of have to get into the game and forget that it’s awkward,” he says. “There were some games when I was literally the only student there.” This isn’t to say that DeLoatch only dedicates his fandom to women’s basketball. He also black tented all four years for the North Carolina game as a student, went to every men’s game his final two years and went to most football games. He would still go to men’s games if he could find the tickets. But he feels a special bond to the women’s players—like he matters to them and, by himself, adds to their home-court advantage.

M. BASKETBALL from page 1 The Cavaliers (18-7, 8-5) got several open looks coming out of the undereight media timeout, but were unable to convert, and another 3-pointer from Tatum—who needed just 12 field goal attempts for his 28 points—as the shot clock ticked down put the Blue Devils back up by four with 6:15 left. “[My teammates] told me to come get the ball late in the shot clock. They told me to go score,” Tatum said. “With that confidence from everybody and on the coaching staff, it just really helped me out. I’m grateful it went in.” Even with graduate student Amile Jefferson playing with four fouls, Duke’s interior defense held strong in the closing minutes, denying Virginia several chances at offensive rebounds as it tried to make a comeback. Luke Kennard— who finished with 16 points thanks to a flurry of late free throws—dropped in a floater with just more than four minutes remaining to push the Blue Devil lead to 48-42 as the Cavalier scoring drought continued. Virginia point guard London Perrantes—who was hounded all night by Matt Jones and shot just 4-of-11 from the field—answered with a stepback jumper and a steal heading into the under-four media timeout, giving

Izzi Clark | The Chronicle Sophomore Luke Kennard was held in check for most of the night, but hit a key jumper with 4:23 left to put the Blue Devils up by six.

his team life after a long stretch of listless offense. When the senior missed a jumper coming out of the timeout, Duke took advantage. And once again, it was Tatum who did the damage, pulling up for an isolation triple to give the Blue Devils a 51-44 lead. “You saw a special performance by

Jayson Tatum. I watched the tape, I thought [Isaiah Wilkins] was for the most part there,” Virginia head coach Tony Bennett said. “It’s a talented team, obviously well-coached and very talented, but when we got those opportunities, we needed that because we weren’t very efficient.” Tatum led Duke—which shot just

And the team feels the same. “He’s just the best,” junior Erin Mathias says. “He means so much to us.” All the players know him and have welcomed him to two team banquets. Senior Kendall Cooper high-fives him after every game and former guard Ka’lia Johnson personally found him tickets to one of those banquets. Junior Lexie Brown has especially become accustomed to seeing DeLoatch. As a transfer from Maryland, Brown sat out last season and had a clear view of DeLoatch at each game he attended. “Last year, I was like, ‘Who is this See SUPERFAN on Page 12 33.3 percent in the opening period— with seven first-half points, but came out firing in the second half and matched that number with a trio of buckets in the first three minutes. Combined with five points from Jones, the Blue Devils put up 12 points in the first four minutes— they scored just 21 in the previous 20— to retake the lead. Jefferson then picked up his fourth foul with more than 15 minutes left in the game, a rare ineffective outing from Duke’s most experienced froncourt player. That forced Harry Giles—who had not topped 20 minutes since early January—into major minutes at the five spot, and the freshman responded with great activity on defense in 18 minutes. The Winston-Salem, N.C., native dove on the floor for a pair of steals immediately following Jefferson’s fourth foul, and gave the Blue Devils a much-needed jolt of energy with his quality minutes. “It was fun to be out there tonight, just out there competing and having some fun,” Giles said. “This was a tough game and I was prepared for it. I’ve been working, trying to get back in shape and I was ready. So there we go.” Now tied for second in the ACC with Louisville and Florida State, Duke will return home to Cameron Indoor Stadium to host Wake Forest Saturday at 1 p.m.


12 | FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 17, 2017

DEFENSE from page 6 “Matt’s been the key guy for us. He started on Saturday against [Jaron] Blossomgame and Blossomgame had seven,” Duke head coach Mike Krzyzewski said. “Perrantes is one of the best players in the country and he’s the guy that makes them go. He’s an outstanding leader and player, but he had to work really hard.” With Duke keeping the Los Angeles native out of the paint, the Blue Devils made the Cavaliers have to shoot well in order to come out on top, but they missed a lot of open jumpers. Virginia’s 36.2 percent clip from the

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field was a season low, and it shot an uncharacteristic 5-of-20 from beyond the arc. With Duke now playing its best defense of the season—the Cavaliers’ 55 points were the fewest scored by a Blue Devil ACC opponent this year— Duke now appears to be clicking at the right time. “We got decent shots for the most part in terms of what we could get against them without being able to throw the ball inside and score,” Cavalier head coach Tony Bennett said. “[We] had a little trouble when we got some open ones or opportunities finishing. They made it hard and that was a good defensive Duke team tonight.”

Izzi Clark | The Chronicle Freshman Harry Giles played 19 minutes off the bench, finishing with five points, three rebounds and two steals.

SUPERFAN from page 11 kid who is at every game leading the cheers?’” Brown says. “It’s even more special this year now that I’m on the floor. He gives us so much energy…. We just look over at him, he’s going crazy and that’s been awesome.” DeLoatch frequently participates in halftime on-court festivities and contests. But those events pale in comparison to his experience at Countdown to Craziness four years ago. During the women squad’s introduction at the men’s team’s annual showcase, then-forward Haley Peters surprised him by suddenly asking him to come out of

the student section and introducing him to the crowd. She didn’t know his name at the time, but announced that he went to almost every game and urged fans to follow his lead. “I don’t remember her words. Its kind of a blur,” he says. “It’s actually my Facebook cover photo, and it has been for three years now…. It’s a testament to how the team makes me feel really welcome there.” McCallie hasn’t met DeLoatch, but shares her players’ gratitude for his support. She’s aware of his connection to the team and wants to do even more to thank him. “The smiles that he brings to my players—everybody loves him,” McCallie says. “I’d do anything for Jordan. I’d write a recommendation for Jordan.”

Han Kang | Chronicle File Photo DeLoatch is passionate about Duke’s other sports but stands out for his enthusiasm supporting Duke women’s basketball in person and even on Twitter.

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W. BASKETBALL from page 6 quarter and leading all scorers with 24 points. Redshirt junior Rebecca Greenwell added 18 points and seven rebounds in Duke’s second rout of Wake Forest this year. Although her team usually leans on its standout backcourt duo of Brown and Greenwell, McCallie came out with a bigger starting lineup that included both Chidom and fellow senior Kendall Cooper to attempt to neutralize Wake Forest on the glass. The Blue Devils (23-4, 11-3 in the ACC) had gotten in the habit of starting speedy forward Leaonna Odom instead of Chidom to get more versatile up front, and the change initially appeared to slow down

Juan Bermudez | The Chronicle Lexie Brown and the Blue Devils pulled away toward the end of the third quarter to seal their sixth straight double-digit win.

Duke’s offense early in the contest. But despite a slow start that saw the Blue Devils only up 13-11 at the end of the first quarter, the decision to play big paid off as Duke eventually erupted for 29 third-quarter points to run away from the Demon Deacons (14-12, 5-8). Even in the first half when the Blue Devils struggled with 12 turnovers, Duke limited Wake Forest’s offense and slowed down the ACC’s top rebounder, Milan Quinn—who finished with just five points on 1-of-6 shooting—to maintain a seven-point lead heading into the locker room. Chidom was key to Duke maintaining the lead despite a sluggish first-half effort that featured seven traveling violations, posting 12 points on 5-of5 shooting in the first 20 minutes. By forcing a steal on an errant pass and hitting Chidom for a layup in the post, Greenwell swung the momentum in the Blue Devils’ favor, sparking a 11-0 second quarter run to give the Blue Devils a commanding 26-13 lead. “We just calmed down a little bit,” Brown said. “They came out really aggressive on the defensive end. I want to give credit to Oderah. She kept us steady, she kept us ahead in the whole first half, she was our calming force.” But with less than four minutes to play in the second quarter, a 10-4 Demon Deacon run cut Duke’s halftime lead to 30-23. That was the home team’s last momentum swing of the night, though, as Brown scored nine points in the third quarter and caused several of Wake Forest’s 21 turnovers to change the complexion of the game. The Blue Devils had no problem turning

FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 17, 2017 | 13

Juan Bermudez | The Chronicle The Blue Devils forced 21 Wake Forest turnovers, leading to 21 Duke fastbreak points on the other end.

steals into easy layups, finishing with to be excited about as they try to seal 21 fastbreak points by playing off their top-four seeds in the ACC and NCAA 10th-ranked scoring defense. tournaments. The sequence in which Chidom After holding a sixth straight hit the deck hard was one of Duke’s opponent to 55 points or fewer, Duke few question marks in the game’s final will return home Sunday to take on No. minutes, as the Oakland, Calif., native 16 Miami as it eyes a sixth top-20 win appeared pretty banged up before on the season heading into the regular returning to the court. season’s final week. “Initially, I was just a little traumatized. “The team is getting better, My tongue hit my tooth and it wasn’t our defense is getting better, our there,” Chidom said. “But once I calmed transition definitely got better down, I felt fine.” tonight,” McCallie said. “We’re trying The and New York Corporation Chidom her Times two Syndication co-captainsSales to put these parts together and we’re 620 Eighth Wake Avenue,Forest New York, ended up outscoring by N.Y. just 10018 excited for this game and next For Information Call: 1-800-972-3550 themselves, giving the Blue DevilsFebruary more and to see what we can do.” ForRelease Release Friday, For Thursday, February17, 16,2017 2017

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The Chronicle Where we would go to law school: Do I have to go?: ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� clairity Anywhere but Duke: �������������������������������������������������������������������������������theneeldeal Stanford: ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������beyerbeware Duke: ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� merryman UVA: ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������#amrithisnotimpressed FIU: ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������freshprince Student Advertising Manager: ��������������������������������������������������������������� John Abram Student Marketing Manager: �������������������������������������������������������Beatriz Gorostiaga Account Representatives: ��������������������������������Megan Bowen, Griffin Carter, TJ Cole, Paul Dickinson, Jack Forlines, Francis L’Esperance, Leeshy Lichtman, Rachel Louie, Gabriela Martinez-Moure, Jack McGovern, Jake Melnick, David Meyer, Lauren Pederson, Levi Rhoades, Maimuna Yussuf, Matt Zychowski Creative Services: ��������������������������������������������������������Daniel Moore, Myla Swallow Marketing ����������������������������������������������������������Hunter Bracale, Nicolette Sorensen Student Business Manager ������������������������������������������������������������������� Will Deseran

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14 | FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 17, 2017

An American past, a global present

T H E I N D E P E N D E N T D A I LY AT D U K E U N I V E R S I T Y

The Chronicle

E

arlier this week, an article published in the Chronicle highlighted a report by the American Council of Trustees and Alumni and the subsequent debates regarding the relevance of American history in college curriculums throughout the country. The report, titled “No U.S. History? How College History Departments Leave the United States out of the Major,” stresses that 53 out of the 76 collegiate institutions surveyed–Duke included–do not require undergraduate history majors to take a course relating to U.S history. According to the report, the lack of a U.S history requirement is both dangerous to higher education and leads to a “vicious circle of historical illiteracy and the civic illiteracy that accompanies it.” Possessing a firm grasp of U.S history and government is no doubt important for all undergraduates at Duke. Whether after Duke we venture into policy making in Washington D.C. or find ourselves pipelined into Wall Street or consulting, possessing an understanding of our country’s past is essential to fully dedicate ourselves to “knowledge in the service of society.” However, as highlighted in the aforementioned report, this knowledge should be a “balanced study of the story of our nation, the high and low points in our history, our successes and failures.” Many public school systems

onlinecomment “As the creator of Me Too Monologues, all I can say is lolol.

What an accomplishment, to be satirized by Monday, Monday! ...I am so glad so many students still engage with it and still find ways to reinvent it. And that it’s still sparking discussions about what ally-ship and activism mean. Building empathy for others is just the first step in what is hopefully a lifelong commitment to activism and making real change. Attending Me Too Monologues should be where that journey begins, not ends.” — “Priyanka Chaurasia,” responding to “Privilege checked at Me Too Monologues,” published February 13, 2017

LETTERS POLICY

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The Chronicle welcomes submissions in the form of letters to the editor or guest columns. Submissions must include the author’s name, signature, department or class, and for purposes of identification, phone number and local address. Letters should not exceed 325 words; contact the editorial department for information regarding guest columns. The Chronicle will not publish anonymous or form letters or letters that are promotional in nature. The Chronicle reserves the right to edit letters and guest columns for length, clarity and style and the right to withhold letters based on the discretion of the editorial page editor.

Est. 1905

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E-mail: chronicleletters@duke.edu Editorial Page Department The Chronicle Box 90858, Durham, NC 27708 Phone: (919) 684-2663 Fax: (919) 684-4696

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Inc. 1993

CLAIRE BALLENTINE, Editor

across the country do an inadequate job of engaging with this multifaceted view of American history, glossing over unfortunate events in our nation’s past such as lynchings and the Japanese American internment. Duke, as one of the premier undergraduate institutions in the country, should help to rectify such a one sided approach to U.S history. However, the current Duke undergraduate curriculum, within the history department and outside of it, is already heavily biased towards an

Editorial American/Eurocentric viewpoint. Many courses offered by the history department relate in some way or another to American history, such as the popular signature course, “American Dreams/American Realities,” which dissects the many inherent myths existing within American history. Further, as reiterated in the aforementioned article, the Director of Undergraduate Studies for History at Duke, Bruce Hall, emphasizes that “Very few history majors here would not take some American history.” Requiring history majors specifically to take an American history

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course would merely reinforce this American centered perspective unto undergraduates and would not significantly improve civic or historical literacy. Being a global research university–one with its own functioning satellite campus in China–we have an obligation to consider all global perspectives in our curriculum, history included. Students at Duke, both international and domestic, are already are learning American culture and history from a variety of classes at Duke, whether it be through literature, political science, ethics or history. Requiring history majors to specifically take an American history course might impose a viewpoint that runs contrary to the mission of Duke as a global institution. We understand the importance of all histories, including U.S. history, in a Duke education. However, a requirement specifically requiring Duke history majors to take a U.S history course is not necessary and goes against the values of Duke as a global research university that embraces a diverse range of perspectives. In understanding our nation’s past during our undergraduate years at Duke, we should seek to engage a whole set of global and local viewpoints instead of merely focusing on a perspective that stresses American exceptionalism.

Wild West Union

ere we go again. Every day, I feel as though I have to deal with annoying people on campus. Either leaving from class or just trying to get some West Union noodles, someone decides they have to bother me. One day I just want to walk across the bridge without Wild Coyote Jones challenging me to a duel at high noon. Don’t get me wrong, Wild Coyote Jones and I met during rush my freshman year when I was rushing ATO, and he was rushing the Jesse James Outlaw Gang. He was a nice guy, always cleaned up his spittoon, and he hitched his horse up outside Alspaugh out of the way of the mopeds and bikes. But every single time I try to get some Il Forno, he yells “City Slicker!” at me, and shoots his pistol right at my feet. I always guessed he just really loves Clint Eastwood movies or something. And I understand that Durham isn’t big enough for the two of us, but why does he feel the need to single me out? We were acquaintances at best, so is there nobody else

Nick Younger

down in an Au Bon Pain Southwest Chicken salad, but at least I got to do interesting stuff in my last semester at Duke. It would be nice to do something different and branch out of my usual friend group, but every time I hear his spurs jangle in the hot afternoon sun, I just want to get some crepes. I should go out to his old hideout in the Duke Forest, and just let him know that I’m not that big into dueling and would rather just grab some coffee. But I’d hate to let the guy down; all he ever seems to do is play with his six-shooter on the bridge. I mean I’ve only actually seen him shoot one kid, but he was kind of a d**k to me during an IM basketball game so I wasn’t too upset. I also heard Jones saved a girl sophomore year after she was tied to the train tracks by Dastardly J. Villainous, so he must be a chill kid. Next time I see him, I should just go ahead and duel him. Not sure where someone buys an 1873 Colt .45 Peacemaker Revolver in 2017, but maybe he has a spare! I know his friend

MEDICAL PROFESSIONALS HATE HIM!

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he would rather have a shootout with in the middle of the BC Plaza? I’ve gotten fairly good at avoiding the duel, by saying things like, “Hey man, I have to get to office hours real quick, I’ll Facebook message you to duel later” or “Uh, I’m probably free, like, next Friday?” These usually send him off, but of course I’ve never followed up. He’s cool, but we’re not that good of friends, and I always see him practicing shooting old bean cans in the Gardens so he’d totally kill me first. I’m worried he will realize I’m avoiding him, and he’ll just shoot me in the back! The worst part is that I always see him going out. He’s always chatting with freshman girls in the line at Devine’s or setting up dynamite charges around the vault in Metro 8 to steal their vast gold reserve. Every time he sees me, he runs up and lassos me to the ground. We always have a good chat after that! While he may refer to most people as “Injun” which is pretty f**ked up, we always have great conversations when I’m out, and he always shares his handrolled cigarillos. I always promise that I’ll totally duel him sometime next week. So maybe I’m the bad guy! What’s the worst thing that could happen if I do duel him? I mean, yeah, I’d be bleeding out with my face

Billy—another chill kid—could teach me a few tricks. I’ve heard him and Jones talking about planning to rob that Saloon down near Devine’s so I’m sure he can grapple with a pistol. I heard Wild Coyote was working out West in California doing some sort of data mining job with the 49ers, I’m not really sure. Next time I see him at the Wild West Union, I’ll be sure to have my cowboy boots ready just in case I see Coyote putting new horseshoes on his trusty steed, Wan-neigh-maker. And, I better start practicing with the Duke Shootin’ & Hog-tyin’ team if I don’t want to make a fool of myself. Next time at the Union, I’ll be sure to get there right after 11:20 class break, so I’m on time for high noon. If I don’t duel him I’m worried I won’t get to know Wild Coyote any better before he rides off into the sunset shooting his pistols in the air right after Rubenstein finishes his graduation speech. After that who knows where he’ll end up, I actually heard Duke put a bounty on his head after he stole utensils from Penn Pavilion freshman year, hopefully the sheriff never catches him. Nick Younger is a Trinity senior. His column, “medical professionals hate him!” runs on alternate Fridays.


The Chronicle

www.dukechronicle.com commentary

FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 17, 2017 | 15

Democracy in the Stephen Miller: A deviant age of Trump Chronicle columnist

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hose familiar with my political engagement know that I regularly criticize some segments of the American Left for drifting away from the democratic norms that have founded this country. For example, I am worried about the general trend towards restricting freedom of speech on the basis of “hate speech,” in particular on college campuses. Similarly, I am concerned about the nation-wide campaign to delegitimize Donald Trump’s election, one that has nonetheless been absolutely consistent with the rules of America’s constitutional democracy. But voicing these criticisms without addressing the way President Trump damages America’s democratic norms and institutions on a weekly basis would simply amount to intellectual dishonesty. Since he launched his presidential bid in June 2015, Trump, through his words and actions, has been denigrating key principles of America’s constitutional

because they are deeply rooted in the country’s constitutional and political life. Nonetheless, what is worrying is that Trump has been consistently weakening people’s trust in democratic norms and institutions, be they conservative or liberal people. For years Trump had been questioning the legitimacy of President Barack Obama, arguing that he was born in Kenya despite all evidence of the opposite. He now faces a humongous liberal backlash over the legitimacy of his own presidency. For years he had been spreading fake news and conspiracy theories. He now faces the public release of an unsubstantiated report that the Russian government blackmails him by possessing compromising information about him. I do not know where this political paranoia, which threatens American democracy, started—whether on the far-right or on the far-left. All I know is that both illiberal movements feed each other, and both need to be condemned.

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t age 31, Senior Advisor to the President of the United States is no small title. Duke graduates, to their credit, have the ambition and drive to affect real change at a young age- be it for better or for worse. Stephen Miller graduated from Duke in 2007, a mere 10 years ago. During his time here, he was perhaps The Chronicle’s most arrogant and outwardly offensive columnist. Over the past few weeks, Miller has been in the spotlight over quotes on behalf of President Donald Trump. His unsubstantiated claims have been lampooned on late night shows. Because the online presence of our publication was not quite thriving in the early 2000s, Miller escaped his college legacy relatively unscathed. Few take the time to dig up his old articles and read them in all their glory. However, for the sake of convenience, I have pulled a few

Emile Riachi

Leah Abrams

THE VOICE OF DISSENT

CUT THE BULL

regime, one that has allowed the United States to remain a stable country for 228 years—with the exception of the four-year Civil War from 1861 to 1865—while its southern neighbors have been through recurrent institutional turmoil since they gained independence. Trump has an alarming record in terms of abiding by the First Amendment, which guarantees the right to free speech. He has threatened to “open up” libel laws to sue news organization that write articles critical of him. At a press conference in January, he refused to take a question from a CNN reporter, arguing that his organization was “fake news.” White House press secretary Sean Spicer then threatened to throw the reporter out of the conference room if he asked another question. Trump’s attacks on the press— sometimes at the cost of a complete disregard for the truth—mean that he only tolerates reports that fit his own narrative. This is a fundamental departure from the norms of democratic life. During the campaign, Trump also objected to the principle of the peaceful democratic transfer of power on many occasions. He refused to expressly state that he would recognize the results of the election if he were defeated, deeming the election potentially “rigged” and rife with voter fraud. As a consequence, many of his supporters threatened to start “another Revolutionary War” if Hillary Clinton were elected. Trump has repeatedly demonstrated his disdain for the rule of law whenever this principle did not suit him. For example, he once called his supporters to “knock the crap out of” protesters at his campaign rallies, promising to pay the legal fines that would follow such actions. Most worrying, he called his supporters to monitor the unrolling of the voting process on election day on the basis of potential voter fraud. This reminded me of the illegal militias that many authoritarian leaders create to intimidate voters and political opponents. And Trump has demonstrated a complete disregard for the independence of the judiciary and the separations of power. For example, when a federal judge blocked his executive order temporarily banning entry of citizens from seven Muslim-majority countries, Trump lambasted his decision and referred to him as a “so-called” judge. Despite all of that, it seems very unlikely that America’s democratic institutions will break down during the Trump Administration,

The people’s trust in their democracy is the ultimate indicator of the health and resilience of that democracy. Venezuela offers an interesting example of what could happen when people lose trust in their democratic norms and instead opt for authoritarian, populist and nationalist leaders. In 1992, surfing on a popular discontent of the political establishment, Chávez and a group of other military officers led an attempt to overthrow the government of President Carlos Andrés Pérez. The coup failed and Chavez went to jail. However, so low was Venezuelan people’s trust in their democratic norms and institutions that the man who had just committed a coup remained popular while in jail and was released two years later under popular pressure. He then went on to found his Movement of the Fifth Republic (Movimiento de la Quinta República; MVR), and was elected president in February 1999. Under his presidency, he gradually reinforced his executive power at the expense of that of the judicial and legislative powers where his opponents still had stakes. He also sanctioned the creation of pro-Chavista paramilitary groups. Although most of the opposition to the Chavez regime remains pacific till today, members of the military attempted a failed coup amid violent riots in 2002, and right-wing paramilitary groups have appeared in the country, throwing Venezuela into turmoil. As I have previously argued in my columns, one should not brush aside the entire Trump movement by deeming it entirely xenophobic, racist, closed-minded and anti-democratic. In fact, I believe that Trump represents people’s real and legitimate concerns regarding the current trade, foreign and immigration and integration policies of the United States. I even believe that Trump’s nationalism could be a force of good by giving a common purpose and sense of belongingness to an American society that is collapsing and in need of identity in the face of globalization. But Trump cannot, and should not be allowed to destroy the norms and institutions that generations of Americans have built in their quest for liberty. Emile Riachi is a Trinity sophomore. His column, “the voice of dissent,” usually runs on alternate Wednesdays.

gems and addressed them below. Miller describes himself as “a deeply committed conservative who considers it his responsibility to do battle with the left.” Throughout his career as a columnist, he made it clear that he was not joking about this perceived battle. Each column identified a heinous attack from “the left,” which usually presented themselves in the form of a conversation about race, class or basic human decency. Miller penned an entire column ranting about the threat posed to “traditional values” in media. So rampant was this liberal control of Hollywood, he thought, that “shows like ‘Queer As Folk,’ ‘The L Word,’ ‘Will & Grace’ and ‘Sex and the City,’ all do their part to promote alternative lifestyles and erode traditional values.” Yes, he really did mention “Sex and the City” as an example of an evil show brainwashing his generation. Miller seems to feel visceral disgust with the idea of a single woman having consensual sex, or, even worse, buying her own shoes. He devoted actual time and energy to print a full article about the dangers of two men kissing or four women eating brunch. His blatant fear of creativity and free choice seems to contradict his self-proclaimed love for independent thought and freedom of speech. Another one of my favorite quotes come from an article about Durham—our home. Miller writes off the city with the sort of indifference and lack of cultural understanding that defies common sense. He writes, “I have nothing against the town, but I wouldn’t exactly describe it as a rich treasure-trove of life and culture waiting to be discovered by the

eager student. I would more accurately describe it as one of the last spots in America anyone would visit were it not for the presence of Duke University.” It takes a terrifying amount of delusion and self-importance to believe that we are the only thing that makes Durham interesting. My belief that Durham is a unique and attractive city with its own history, culture and community does not come from a place of political correctness nor pity. It comes from fact. It comes from direct experience with children and parents and politicians and researchers. It comes from a knowledge that Durham was here before Duke and would continue on its own without Duke, retaining its quirks and prides, its Black Wall Street, its markets, its “townies.” I could go on, but it’s all the same. Miller wrote about everything from a defense of cigarettes to a claim that a cohesive

American culture was represented by a list of white guys with Jackie Wilson included as a token (“Jimmy Stewart, John Wayne, Frank Sinatra, Bing Crosby, Elvis Presley, Johnny Cash, Jackie Wilson, Theodore Roosevelt, Douglas Macarthur, Milton Friedman, Edgar Allen Poe, F. Scott Fitzgerald, Thomas Edison and again, for emphasis, Elvis Presley.”). I don’t intend this article to serve as a takedown of the hyper-conservative perspective, or Trump, or even of Stephen Miller. I want the world to know that Stephen Miller does not represent Duke. His actions are not representative of the actions of Duke students, and his words are not indicative of the culture here. Duke students are smart and talented and conservative and liberal and anarchist, but none are so paranoid or proud as to think that the world is out to get them. Miller proves that lying, fear-mongering and anger in the name of American values may be tactful, but never just. The idea of coming through four years of Duke with a stone heart and a stone mind is baffling. This is a place that shapes and changes its students, helping them develop while still allowing them to maintain individual thought and expression. Miller, then and now, creates an ideological war where there could have been peace. There is no “battle” between the right and the left unless we choose to take up arms and start shooting at one another. Leah Abrams is a Trinity freshman. Her column, “cut the bull,” runs on alternate Fridays.

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