The Chronicle T h e i n d e p e n d e n t d a i ly at D u k e U n i v e r s i t y
wednesday, april 6, 2011
ONE HUNDRED AND SIXTH YEAR, Issue 128
The Cataracs Campus takes shape amid doubts cancel LDOC performance
by Lauren Carroll THE CHRONICLE
As Duke Kunshan University moves forward, concerns about the risks involved with the endeavor continue to surface. Construction on the campus has progressed in recent months, yet the lack of certain details about funding, the campus’ surrounding environment, Chinese local support and the value of expanding globally have caused some to question the plans. Some faculty members are concerned about the magnitude of the anticipated multi-million dollar investment, but many recognize the benefit in establishing a global presence, said Craig Henriquez, Academic Council chair and a biomedical engineering professor. Until more faculty members are aware of the details of the endeavor—such as which professors will teach or research at DKU—many will remain skeptical of the project, he added. “Everyone is trying to get a handle of what the costs are,” Henriquez said. “[Currently], only a handful of faculty are involved, and the rest are wondering if it’s a good investment until they see it in action.” In a document released last month, administrators acknowledged the project’s potential financial risks, such as relying on philanthropic support, holding Kunshan accountable for its financial commitments and dealing with potential fluctuations in
Acclaimed indie-pop duo The Cataracs will not be a part of this year’s Last Day of Classes celebration, LDOC committee cochairs announced Tuesday. Representatives of Indie-Pop Music, the Cataracs’ record label, canceled The Cataracs’ performance to allow the band to attend an awards show April 27. The Cataracs was recently nominated for an award by the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers for “Pop Song of the Year,” and the pair plans to attend the gala in Los Angeles, Indie-Pop Music Vice President Carlo Fox wrote in a Tuesday email to The Chronicle. “This was a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity and a major stepping stone in their career as young writers [and] producers,” Fox wrote. “The group would love to reschedule and get a chance to perform for their Duke fans.” Junior Lindsay Tomson, co-chair of the LDOC committee, said the group received an email Friday from Indie-Pop Music regarding the band’s conflict. Students were subsequently notified of the change in an email Tuesday morning. “I’m not sure if we can reschedule with the agency; I think it depends on how our relationship continues with them,” Tomson said in reference to the possibility of a future Cataracs
See kunshan on page 8
See ldoc on page 12
by Sony Rao
Chronicle Graphic by Addison Corriher and James Lee
Satell takes plea deal for child porn charges by Nicole Kyle THE CHRONICLE
Senior Cliff Satell pleaded guilty to five misdemeanors following a plea bargain in a case stemming from his possession of child pornography. According to court documents, Satell was sentenced to 18 months of supervised probation and a suspended sentence of 90 days in jail. He does not have to register as a sex offender and will serve jail time only at the judge’s discretion if he violates the terms of his probation. Satell was first charged in April 2009 with felonies related to obtaining and possessing material containing images of pre-teen and teen boys engaging in sexual activity. If convicted of Cliff Satell those charges—second and third degree sexual exploitation of a minor—he would have had to register as a sex offender. Instead, Satell was convicted Feb. 9 of five counts of misdemeanor preparation of obscene materials for dissemina-
Junior named Goldwater Scholar, Page 3
tion, which means that Satell intended to distribute the obscene materials. “Given what he was charged with and assuming they could prove what they charged him with, this is a very good deal for him,” said James Coleman, the John S. Bradway professor of law. “He went from... very serious felonies that would require him to register as a sex offender to... misdemeanors that carry very little time in jail, that did not require him to register as a sex offender—that’s huge.” Satell’s lawyer, William Cotter, did not respond to requests for comment. In a telephone interview, Satell declined to comment on his case. A week after pleading guilty, Satell violated the conditions of his probation by testing positive for marijuana. When Satell’s probation officer, Quanda Edwards, searched his home, she found less than half an ounce of marijuana along with six bongs, a marijuana grinder, a smoking humidifier, a scale and drug trafficking See satell on page 12
“The brands that dominate are brands that touch you and connect with you in ways that others don’t.”
—McKinney CEO Brad Brinegar on advertising. See story page 3
Special to the Chronicle
Indie-Pop Music canceled the Cataracs’ LDOC performance so they could attend the ASCAP awards show. They were nominated for “Pop Song of the Year.”
Tweets may reveal political affiliations, Page 4
2 | wednesday, april 6, 2011 the chronicle
Convicting the Innocent Law School 3041, 12-1p.m. Listen to Professor Brandon Garrett, from the University of Virginia School of Law, explain flaws in the criminal justice system.
Conversation with Jeff Raikes Sanford, 4:30-5:30p.m. Jeff Raikes, CEO of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, will be on campus discsussing contemporary philanthropy.
An Evening with Rubenstein Nasher, 5-7p.m. Spend some time with David Rubenstein as he details his path in becoming a successful entrepreneur.
“I sincerely apologize to everyone who was offended by its content; it was my intention to be satirical, not hateful. My original intent was simply to show that there are valid reasons to stay in college in an admittedly less-than-original format, through the caricatured mind of a Duke fan, not to imply that Kyrie Irving ‘owes’ Duke students another year, or anything of the sort. - Chris Cusack” — From The Blue Zone sports.chronicleblogs.com
MELINA MARA/The WASHINGTON POST
Last year on April 15, 2010 thousands of individuals descended on the nation’s capital in hopes of having their voices heard on tax reform. Officially dubbed “Tax Day,” the day individual income taxes are due to the federal government, has become associated with a surging Tea Party. Last year, more than 80 Tea Party groups organized hundreds of thousands of protestors. Tax Day this year lands on April 18.
Without forgiveness, there’s no future. — Desmond Tutu
TODAY IN HISTORY
1909: First credit union forms in US
Dem. National Committee Yemeni President holds looks for a new voice two different personas WASHINGTON, D.C. — Florida Rep. Debbie Wasserman Schultz will succeed former Virginia Gov. Tim Kaine as chair of the Democratic National Committee, a move aimed at putting a proven television presence and able fundraiser from a swing state atop the organization heading into 2012. “In selecting Debbie to lead our party, President Barack Obama noted her tenacity, her strength, her fighting spirit, and her ability to overcome adversity. President Obama expressed great admiration for her as a leader, and he was honored that she accepted this important challenge on behalf of the Democratic Party,” Vice President Joe Biden wrote in an e-mail to supporters informing them of the move. Wasserman Schultz will be the first female chair of the DNC since Debra DeLee lead the organization in the mid-1990s.
SANAA, Yemen — When Yemeni security forces opened fire Monday on antigovernment demonstrators in two cities, killing at least 12 and wounding scores, President Ali Abdullah Saleh was miles away, seemingly determined to stretch his 32-year-old rule. In front of hundreds of cheering supporters in the southcentral city of Dhamar, he declared: “I will never betray the trust you gave me.” Yet, two days earlier, in a meeting with his advisers, Saleh was weighing a new opposition plan for his departure. “He is not holding on to power,” insisted Yasser al-Awadi, a senior ruling party official who was at the meeting. “His intention is to transfer power to a person who represents the peoples’ will.” In private, Saleh has indicated to advisers and diplomats that he wants to step down. In public, he has become steadfastly defiant in the face of revolution.
Experts say US citizens still safe from radiation
Create a budget. Understand debt. Learn how to save & spend.
twyla tharp Tony Award winning choreographer
“The Creative Habit”
Wednesday, April 13, 2011 7 p.m. Jones Auditorium Meredith College Free, open to the public Seating is first-come, first-served www.meredith.edu/ campus-theme
Explore national issues. Then teach others.
EDUC 170S: Economic Literacy and Civic Engagement Seats available for Fall 2011 MW 2:50PM - 4:05PM a Duke Service-Learning course http://servicelearning.trinity.duke.edu
wednesday, april 6, 2011 | 3
Duke junior CEO stresses emotion in advertising earns Goldwater Scholar award by Stephanie Tsimis THE CHRONICLE
from Staff Reports THE CHRONICLE
A Duke junior was named a Barry M. Goldwater Scholar in Science, Mathematics and Engineering, the University announced Tuesday. Vivek Bhattacharya, an A.B. Duke Scholar from Cary, North Carolina, won the award in recognition of his undergraduate research in physics and economics, according to a Duke news release. Through the national award, he is eligible for up to $7,500 toward annual tuition and expenses. Bhattacharya has conducted physics research with Steffen Bass, associVivek ate professor of physics, using comBhattacharya puter skills to model the extremely hot sub-atomic molecules that existed millionths of a second after the Big Bang. Bhattacharya’s economics research models simulate bidding behaviors in online auctions, which might “help us design tools to increase government revenue and reduce government costs” when trying to sell a contract or product, he said in the release. Bhattacharya has worked on this research with Andrew Sweeting and James Roberts, both assistant professors of economics. Bhattacharya is president of the Math Union and a teaching assistant for economics, the field in which he will apply for graduate school. Duke has had a total of 70 Goldwater Scholars since the program began in 1988. This year, two other students—juniors Daphne Ezer and Farzan Beroz—were among the award’s honorable mentions.
Students hoping to break into the world of advertising learned some of the tricks of the trade Tuesday night. Brad Brinegar, chair and CEO of McKinney, an independent advertising agency based in Durham, spoke to a group of students about his career as the second speaker of the Duke Marketing Club’s CEO Speaker Series. McKinney’s clients include Sherwin Williams, Nationwide Insurance and Nike. After receiving his undergraduate degree in anthropology from DartBrad Brinegar mouth and completing an MBA in finance at Columbia Graduate School of Business, Brinegar began his advertising career at the Leo Burnett USA agency in 1979. Twenty-one years later, Brinegar became the CEO. In 2002, Brinegar moved to the Triangle to lead McKinney as CEO and chairman. Brinegar said that when he was first offered the position of CEO, he declined and offered instead to buy the
company—an offer that was denied. Brinegar said he joined the company anyway as McKinney was the right “Petri dish” in which to create an agency that would thrive in the digital world. Senior Christine Hall, president of the Duke Marketing Club, said Brinegar was chosen to be part of the speaker series because of McKinney’s desire to create a greater partnership with Duke students looking to pursue a career in advertising. “I loved hearing about how the landscape of the industry is changing,” said Hall, who is also The Chronicle’s creative services student manager. “It really is a crucial time for new grads to jump into the field.” After showing an old “Got milk?” commercial, one of Brinegar’s “all-time favorite pieces of advertising,” he discussed how advertising is about more than just increasing business for clients. “I don’t believe that creativity and business results live apart,” he said. “The only point of the thing we do is to [connect with our audience].” In another video during the presentation, Brinegar See Brinegar on page 12
NC may see increase in charter schools by Michael Shammas THE CHRONICLE
The North Carolina General Assembly is debating a bill that could change the face of public education in North Carolina. Republican legislators are pushing for Senate Bill 8, a measure that would allow the opening of 50 new charter schools each year and lift the limit of 100 such schools in the state. The latest version of the bill passed in the Senate and is expected to be discussed by the House Finance Committee today. Charter schools receive more independence than traditional public schools, including the ability to enroll stu-
dents who are not exclusively from one school district. The schools are expected to reach certain educational benchmarks as outlined in their charters, and because they are funded by federal and local governments, they cannot charge tuition. Republicans tout charter schools’ capacity for greater independence and educational innovation, though Democrats and many public school administrators fear that an increase in the number of the schools would siphon money away from other important areas of public education, including traditional public schools. If passed into See charter schools on page 6
Music at Duke Fall 2011
Music 121S: Music in Renaissance England (ALP, W)
TuTh 10:05 AM - 11:20 AM, Kerry McCarthy Explore the music of sixteenth-century England in its cultural context, along with its relationship to other contemporary arts. Topics will include music in Shakespeare, the lives of composers and performers, the transformations of English sacred music during the Reformation, and the role of women in the English musical Renaissance. No technical experience in music is required, just open ears and an open mind.
Music 124: The Rise of the Orchestra (ALP, CCI, CZ)
MW 4:25 PM - 5:40 PM, Bryan Gilliam and R. Larry Todd The rise of the modern orchestra as a musical and cultural institution from its narrow central European origins in the 18th century to its current status in the worldwide culture industry. Students will compare historical recordings of orchestras and attend rehearsals and concerts of the Duke Symphony Orchestra.
Music 139: Music and Modernism (ALP, W)
WF 2:50 PM - 4:05 PM, Stephen Jaﬀe Survey of 20th and 21st century composers, including Debussy, Stravinsky, Bartók, Varése, Ives, Ellington, Shostakovich, Messiaen, Elliott Carter, Steve Reich, and Osvaldo Golijov. Topics include the changing role of the composer in society, the evolution of music through technology, the composer's dialogues with vernacular music and other traditions, and relationships to literary and visual modernism.
www.music.duke.edu Ensemble & Lesson audition info: music.duke.edu/performances
Junior Ring Event Distinctive. Classic. Lasting. Order your class ring now and receive it in August when classes begin. Wednesday, April 6 & Thursday, April 7 10am - 4pm The University Store, Bryan Center, West Campus
Sponsored by Duke University Stores®
OPERATION: University Store PUBLICATION: Chronicle
4 | wednesday, april 6, 2011 the chronicle
Q&A with David Sparks A group of Duke researchers found that some Twitter users are indirectly revealing their political affiliations without necessarily tweeting about politics. The three researchers, graduate students in political science, analyzed the accounts politicians, celebrities and institutions follow on Twitter as well as the users that follow those accounts. This process allowed the researchers to place users on a spectrum ranging from the far left to the far right. The Chronicle’s Julia Ni spoke to David Sparks, one of the researchers and a doctoral candidate, about the findings of this study and its implications. The Chronicle: Why did you choose to explore this issue? David Sparks: Our paper is actually about ideology in primary elections and whether relatively extreme ideology is an advantage or disadvantage to candidates in primary elections. So the problem is, it’s not easy to estimate ideology for people who have never formally cast a vote in Congress. We use Twitter as a source of information on which we could base our estimates and look at whether the more extreme ideology was actually advantageous. After doing that, we added a bunch of entities, political figures and interest groups to see if their estimates matched with what we would expect. TC: Could you explain the methodology of your study? DS: Essentially, we collected a list of political and public figures with Twitter accounts and identified each individual following and being followed by each of them. We made this into a huge matrix, several million rows long, of 1s and 0s and found the correlation between each of the individuals we were interested in. Then, we used a technique called non-metric multidimensional scaling to essentially reduce the amount of information required to represent the patterns driving following preferences, finding that something very like ideology was a factor. As it turns out, our estimates correlate very well with existing measures of ideology, which are based on roll-call voting in Congress. TC: How did you decide which organizations and individuals to analyze? DS: For political figures, we tried to find every incumbent Senate and House [of Representatives] member on Twitter. At the time we collected the data—which was in
Fall 2010—we think we had a complete list of all House and Senate members on Twitter at that time. And then, also, we think we had a complete list of every Senate primary challenger on Twitter. So we tried to come up with individuals from both sides of the spectrum. We tried to be complete. As for non-political figures, mostly, we just sat down and tried to decide who would be interesting... media members who covered the election, some celebrities. TC: What were the most surprising or unexpected results? DS: I think the most surprising thing about the estimates was that we got a very, very nice discrimination between
Republicans and Democrats. If you look at our estimates— which go from about negative 1 to 1.5—at the 0 point, it’s almost exclusively Democrats to the left and Republicans to the right. So it discriminates almost perfectly between parties, which was pretty cool. We were glad to see that. So in this study, we did find that relatively extreme ideology was an advantage to helping people win primary elections. There were a lot of interesting estimates. If you looked at the estimates we did for Senate challengers, the far right is inhabited almost exclusively by candidates affiliated in some way with the Tea Party, which sort of makes sense and is a confirmation that our method was doing what we were thinking it would do. And then, some interesting specific See sparks on page 16
See dghi on page 7
“So in this study, we did find that relatively extreme ideology was an advantage to helping people win primary elections.” — David Sparks, Duke researcher, doctoral candidate
by Ashley Mooney Rollin Say, a premed senior completing the global health certificate, conducted fieldwork in Brazil last summer where he focused primarily on communitybased research in a remote Amazonian village. Say partnered with a Brazilian nongovernmental organization, which he had already worked with during a DukeEngage independent project. Say’s research was part of the student fieldwork program. Students looking to conduct fieldwork projects can seek funding from several grants, many of which are funded by the Duke Global Health Institute, and programs like DukeEngage. Students and officials say the program has provided students with a unique, first-hand experience in resolving health-related issues worldwide. “The most rewarding part of my project was simply the opportunity to live within such a remote community,” Say wrote in an email. The program, which combines academic inquiry with community service, is currently required for all students pursuing the global health certificate but is also open to other students interested in international healthcare. Past fieldwork projects have focused on a wide range of medical and social topics, including HIV/AIDS, maternal health and specific methods of providing medical care to rural communities all over the world. “DGHI fieldwork has both [community service and research] within what it does, but it also looks at some of the ethical issues that are involved with working with
The Duke University
Certificate projects provide hands-on field experience
A Variety of Summer and Full-Time Employment Opportunities for Undergraduate and Graduate Students Tuesday, April 12 | 10:00-3:00 at The Fuqua School of Business For a list of participating employers and more information visit: www.nicholas.duke.edu/justintime
Co-sponsored by: Duke Career Center, Duke Fuqua School of Business, Duke Law School, Duke Nicholas School of the Environment and Earth Sciences, Duke Pratt School of Engineering, and Duke Sanford School of Public Policy.
wednesday, april 6, 2011 | 5
Q&A with Dr. Robert Reiman Large areas along the Japanese coast were devastated by an earthquake and resulting tsunami March 11. The disaster disabled the cooling systems of the Fukushima I Nuclear Power Plant in Fukushima Prefecture, Japan, which caused some degree of meltdown in three of the plant’s reactors. The explosions triggered fears of radiation-related illnesses and international concern over the safety of nuclear energy. Almost one month after the earthquake, The Chronicle’s Matt Barnett spoke with radiation safety expert Dr. Robert Reiman, general secretary of the Duke University Medical Center’s Radiation Safety Committee. The Chronicle: Can you describe what happened to the facility and how that damaged the reactors? Robert Reiman: Following the earthquake, the four active reactors at the plant all shut down automatically and safely as designed. Unfortunately, the tsunami caused both the primary and backup cooling water supplies to the reactor cores to fail. Even when a nuclear reactor is shut down, excess heat from the decay of radioactive byproducts must still be removed, so the cooling system pumps must still work. Without sufficient cooling water, this buildup of heat has caused the damage to the reactors. TC: What part of the reactor is leaking radiation? RR: Fortunately, the initial releases into the air due to hydrogen fires and explosions have stopped. Radioactivity at very high levels has been found in surface water near the plant and in seawater. It isn’t clear exactly where the water containing radioactive material is coming from. Candidates include pooling of water beneath the reactor cores, or cracks in concrete electrical conduits that filled with contaminated water during attempts to cool the reactor cores by pouring huge amounts of seawater directly on them. TC: What kind of radiation is leaking? RR: Radioisotopes released in this type of accident include xenon-133, iodine-131, cesium-137 and strontium-90. By far the most abundant is xenon-133, followed by iodine-131. The others are released in much
smaller amounts. TC: How does radiation travel through the environment, and how long will it persist? RR: The good news about xenon-133 is that it isn’t soluble in water and doesn’t chemically react with anything, so it simply disperses in the atmosphere and decays away in a few days. The bad news about iodine-131, if released into the atmosphere as particulates, is that it will settle out onto farmland and dairy pasture. When eaten by cows, iodine-131 in the contaminated grass can get into milk, which may be consumed by people. Iodine-131 concentrates in the thyroid gland, and irradiation of the thyroid gland can lead to health prob-
Special To The Chronicle
Dr. Robert Reiman, a radiation safety expert, spoke with The Chronicle on the potential effects of radiation from Japan’s Fukushima plant.
lems later in life, especially for infants and children. Strontium-90 and cesium-137 can settle into the soil, where they may be incorporated into groundwater or certain plants such as lichens and mushrooms. They may get into people after they drink contaminated water or eat meat from large game like wild boar or elk. These radionuclides have long half-lives, and may persist in the environment for decades. TC: What steps can be taken to remove radiation from the environment? RR: Based upon our experience with the Chernobyl reactor meltdown in 1986, most things people can do to remove contamination from the environment aren’t very effective. However, there are ways to minimize the adverse effects. For example, natural dilution in the atmosphere and ocean by winds and water currents can reduce radioactivity levels to the point where there are no health concerns. Iodine-131 has a radioactive halflife of about eight days, so it doesn’t persist in the environment for more than a few months after the release of radioactivity stops. In the same way, non-perishable milk products like cheese and evaporated milk need not be discarded, but can be safely used after a few months of storage. TC: How will the radiation affect people living near the damaged reactors? RR: Unless the situation gets significantly worse, there will probably be no measurable health effects among people living near the reactors. To be conservative, the Japanese government has evacuated most residents from areas within about 20 kilometers of the plant. TC: With respect to the radiation, what would you say is Japan’s biggest concern at this point? RR: Unfortunately, the biggest concern is the economic impact on the Japanese seafood export, farming and dairy industries. Irrational fears about eating foods that may be contaminated at levels far too small to cause
The interdisciplinary certificate, Latino/a Studies in the Global South, provides students with comparative, historical, and cultural knowledge of Latino communities. Open to students from all disciplines, the certificate offers a better understanding of Latinos in the United States and provides an extra credential as you leave Duke for the “real world.”
The following Fall 2011 courses all count towards the certificate: Intro to Latino/a Studies in the Global South with Prof Antonio Viego, LSGS 100S/SPAN 120S/AAAS 199S/LIT 162ES Reading Latina and Latino History through Literature with Prof Claudia Milian, LSGS 181S/SPAN 181S/ICS 131GS Latino/a Voices in Duke, Durham, and Beyond with Prof Joan Clifford, LSGS 106ES/SPAN 106ES Mayas, Aztecs and Incas with Prof Walter Mignolo, LSGS 155/SPAN 155D/ICS 155/CULANTH 157 Health, Culture, and the Latino Community, LSGS 106/ SPAN 106A Papers on Papers: Writing About Unauthorized Migration with Prof Nicolas Eilbaum, WRITING 20
For additional courses and more info on the certificate, visit latino.aas.duke.edu.
See reiman on page 7
6 | wednesday, april 6, 2011 the chronicle
US Envoy arrives in Libya to help opposition fighters by Joby Warrick and Liz Sly THE washington post
WASHINGTON - A U.S. envoy arrived Tuesday in the rebel stronghold of Benghazi to begin talks on possible financial help to the Libyan opposition amid reports of fresh setbacks for anti-government forces in the key port city of Brega. Chris Stevens, a former U.S. Embassy official in Tripoli and the highest-ranking U.S. representative to travel to Libya since the uprising began, will explore ways to open the funding spigots for an opposition movement that is desperately short of cash and supplies, a State Department spokesman said Tuesday. “We’re well aware that there’s an urgency,” spokesman Mark Toner told reporters. “The Transitional National Council does need funding if it’s to survive, and we’re looking for ways to assist them.” But Stevens, who was expected to remain in Benghazi
for several days, brought no fresh promises of political or military support from Washington, which has declined so far to either arm the rebels or grant symbolically important diplomatic recognition. Italy joined France and Qatar on Monday as the first states to formally recognize the Transitional National Council as the legitimate government of Libya, with Kuwait and several other countries considering similar moves. The visit came amid news of a rebel retreat from Brega, a hub for oil exports and the scene of see-saw battles over the past two weeks. Rebel fighters were pushed back under heavy rocket and artillery file, the Associated Press reported, as momentum appeared to shift again, this time in favor of loyalist troops dug in around the town. Forces loyal to Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi continued to pound the besieged town of Misurata, killing a 10-year-old child and a radiology technician at the local hospital, according to a doctor at the hospital who spoke on the condition
of anonymity out of concern for his family’s safety. Though NATO planes were heard flying overhead, there have been few airstrikes against Gadhafi positions, leaving people in the town feeling abandoned and betrayed, he said. “Instead of a no-fly zone we have a no-safe zone,” he said. Despite the apparent losses in Brega, opposition leaders say they are preparing to begin exporting crude oil to raise money for the transitional council. A large oil tanker steamed into Tobruk in rebel-held eastern Libyan to take on an estimated 1 million barrels of crude, Bloomberg News reported. The rebel group has struggled to raise money since the start of the uprising, lacking the means to sell oil and failing so far to find enough foreign funders and donors. Billions of dollars in Libyan cash sits in European and U.S. banks, frozen by U.N. sanctions and out of reach, for now. Toner, See libya on page 7
charter schools from page 3 law, the bill would also create an independent board to oversee the schools. In an interview with The Chronicle, State Senator Richard Stevens—R-Wake and the primary sponsor of the bill— said he believes an increase in the schools will ultimately benefit public education in Durham and in the state in general. “Charter schools [provide] some flexibility so that they can improve down the road,” he said. “Some people [oppose them because they] think they aren’t public schools, but... they’re just a different type of public school.” Stevens said that Republicans are trying to ensure the finished bill is a bipartisan effort. House members of both parties are currently meeting with Democratic Gov. Bev Perdue, and Democratic lawmakers are playing a substantial role in finalizing the bill, he noted. “The biggest advocate for charter schools in the country is actually President [Barack] Obama,” Stevens said. “This isn’t a partisan issue, but people have different views about them.” Some Durham Public School Board members have voiced opposition to the present version of the bill. They say it would be financially unfeasible for the number of charter schools to increase without a corresponding hike in funding. “As it’s written now, it would be devastating,” school board member Natalie Beyer said, according to The Herald Sun. “It would be devastating on top of two years of budget cuts that we’ve already endured. We’re still not far enough into this budget cycle to know the impact on the classroom for the Fall, for 2011, but this bill would be devastating.” Brian Ammons, assistant professor of the practice of education, wrote in an email that although charter schools can sometimes provide a superior education to students, they often widen socioeconomic and racial divides. “I have no opposition to charter schools per se. What I find problematic is the idea that they are a panacea for the challenges of educating a democratic society,” he said. “I have real concerns about the race and class re-segregation that seems to be going on in charter schools.”
sophia palenberg/The Chronicle
If Senate Bill 8 is ratified, 50 new charter schools would open. The bill would also eliminate the current cap of 100 such schools statewide.
wednesday, april 6, 2011 | 7
dghi from page 4 global health,” said Lysa MacKeen, DGHI student projects coordinator. Due to political limitations, Say did not succeed in collecting data for his project analyzing the impact the introduction of a new telemedicine system would have on the health attitudes toward healthcare of people in this community. Still, he said the experience was valuable. “I feel that this experience was perhaps the most formative of my entire Duke career. I learned a great deal about the community as well as about myself in the month I was there,” Say wrote. Another student deeply affected by her experiences in the program was junior Sneha Shah, who studied maternal mortality last summer in Naama, a small Ugandan village. Shah received funding for her trip from the Aalok S. Modi Global Health Fieldwork Fund, created in memory of a Duke student who passed away Feb. 2008. Although not pursuing a global health certificate, Shah said she thought that much of her work has held to the theme of global health, specifically her involvement with Duke Global Medical Brigades and Foundations for the International Medical Relief of Children. “In Uganda, many women delay coming to the hospital, and I wanted to understand what the root cause of this was,” Shah wrote in an email. “I found that many women actually wanted to deliver [their babies] at the hospital, but they had no way of getting there.”
reiman from page 5 health effects will harm those industries. TC: Is there a risk of an earthquake in North Carolina causing a similar situation? RR: That’s hard to say. Significant earthquakes haven’t occurred in North Carolina in the past few centuries, and future earthquakes aren’t likely. But that doesn’t mean they can’t occur, so nuclear reactors are designed to survive earthquake damage. Having said that, accidents like the one in Japan that are the result of natural disasters
In Uganda, Shah led a task force of community members to develop emergency medical transport insurance, which guarantees transport to the nearest hospital during delivery and maternal complications. She said her mission was to decrease maternal morbidity and mortality by establishing concrete options for unplanned emergencies. “The most rewarding parts of the project were actually the challenges I faced and what I learned about global health work and about myself,” Shah wrote. “I came in with the wrong mindset of how we needed to ‘fix’ a problem.” Shah added that her role as a volunteer was to be a catalyst in fixing the problem, not the solution. “The people of the community have such potential, wisdom, and desire to address the issues of their community. The resources are also available,” she wrote. “We were simply the link between the two and the facilitators of change for what they deemed was a necessary step forward for the community.” Say and Shah’s personal accounts are only a few of the hundreds of fieldwork experiences that the Global Health Institute has helped make possible. “I think that the abundance and diversity of student fieldwork grants highlight not only DGHI’s commitment to grounded, real-world education, but also the staff’s extraordinary responsiveness to the desires of students,” wrote senior Brian Clement, who conducted life-history interviews with Bhutanese refugees in southeastern Nepal for his fieldwork project last summer. “DGHI’s willingness to respond to student input has produced some of the most rewarding experiences I have had at Duke.”
are causing the regulatory agencies in the United States to review power reactor safety. TC: Anything else you’d like to add? RR: Everyone’s been pretty focused on the radiation aspects of this disaster. Let’s not lose sight of the fact that over 10,000 people have died, hundreds of thousands have suddenly been made homeless and many others whose homes survived are still without electricity or clean water. Although the minimal health risks from radiation need to be addressed, the Japanese people have a lot of other more urgent things to worry about.
Think Outside the Bookbag. Duke’s service-learning courses integrate academic learning with service experiences in the community.
Fall 2011 Service-Learning Courses: African and African-American Studies AAAS 123S: Civil/Human Rights Activism
Environmental Sciences & Policy ENVIRON 177: Marine Conservation
Biomedical Engineering BME 260L: Devices for People with Disabilities
Ethics ETHICS 180: Gender, Ethics, & Social Change
Chemistry CHEM 109: Chemistry Outreach
Pharmacology PHARM 197/210: Research Independent Study
Computer Science COMPSCI 89S: Teaching with Robots
Political Science POLISCI 124S: Human Rights Activism
Cultural Anthropology CULANTH 161S: Human Rights Activism CULANTH 161AS: Civil/Human Rights Activism
Psychology PSY 108A: Educational Psychology
Dance DANCE 154S: Performance & Social Change Documentary Studies DOCST 113S: Digital Photography: Transience DOCST 126S: Civil/Human Rights Activism DOCST 193S: Documentary Engagement Education EDUC 89S: Teaching with Robots EDUC 100: Foundations of Education EDUC 108S: Language Arts and Social Studies EDUC 111FCS: Pursuit of Equality EDUC 112S: Children, Schools, and Society EDUC 118: Educational Psychology EDUC 163: Educational Leadership EDUC 166: Exceptional Learners EDUC 170S: Economic Literacy & Engagement EDUC 170S: Critical Studies in Education
Public Policy PUBPOL 109S: Children, Schools, & Society PUBPOL 144S: Social Entrepreneurship in Action PUBPOL 146: Leadership and Organizations PUBPOL 153S: Human Rights Activism PUBPOL 234S: Making Social Policy Sociology SOCIOL 99JFCS: The Limits of Obligation SOCIOL 162: Adulthood & Aging SOCIOL 164: Death & Dying Spanish SPANISH 106A: Health, Culture, Community SPANISH 106ES: Latino/a Voices in Duke, Durham Theater Studies THEATRST 154S: Performance & Social Change Visual Arts, Visual and Media Studies ARTSVIS 112S: Digital Photography: Transience
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libya from page 6 the State Department spokesman, said U.S. Treasury officials were exploring ways to free up the money for the opposition, even as it continues to evaluate the rebels. “We’ve been proceeding cautiously, working to establish contacts not only with the TNC but with a number of other opposition leaders as this opposition government evolves,” Toner said. He confirmed that there had been no decision on granting diplomatic recognition or providing military aid or training to rebel groups. The spokesman also declined to endorse any of several apparent peace overtures floated in recent days by both the rebels and aides close to Gadhafi. A plan attributed to Gadhafi’s second-oldest son, Seif al-Islam, proposed a possible peace deal in which Gadhafi would step down as leader while Seif would serve as a transitional figure until a new Libyan government was formed. “There’s a lot of plans being bandied about,” Toner said. “What’s clear is that it’s really up to the Libyan people and the Libyan opposition to decide how this looks. “ In Tripoli, Libyan deputy foreign minister Khaled Kaim said Libya was open to “any political solution,” and said the government would be prepared to consider political reforms or elections if the rebels laid down their arms. But he also dismissed the possibility of negotiations with the Transitional National Council, saying the rebel government amounted to little more than an “armed militia” that had been infiltrated by al-Qaida and was supported by a minority of Libyans. Acting Libyan Foreign Minister Abdul Ati al-Obeidi arrived in Turkey for talks with its government, just a day after he delivered a message from Gadhafi to Greek Prime Minister George Papandreou in Athens. Turkey and Greece, both NATO members, have said that they want to listen to proposals from both sides on a way to end the violence. Greek Foreign Minister Dimitris Droutsas said after meeting with Obeidi that “there is mobility, and there is a chance, albeit small, for a politico-diplomatic solution.” Sly reported from Tripoli. Special correspondent Karla Adam in London and staff researcher Julie Tate in Washington contributed to this report.
8 | wednesday, april 6, 2011 the chronicle
kunshan from page 1 the size of Duke’s total investment. “We believe we understand the principal strategic and operational risks, though we acknowledge that there is always the risk of the unknown and the unanticipated,” the document, which was produced by the Office of the Provost and the Office of Global Strategy and Programs, states. Although the administration has put forth detailed investment plans, some aspects of long-term financing are still unclear to administrators themselves. Details of DKU’s potential initial enrollment and tuition costs are not concrete, Executive Vice President Tallman Trask said. He believes it is too early to predict how soon DKU will become self-sufficient through revenue generated by tuition. “The reality is, until [students] actually show up, if the numbers turn out to be more than expected, we’ll have to reconsider and go back to the faculty and Trustees with a different discussion,” Trask said. Kunshan and Duke will split operational cost subsidies for the first six years—with Duke covering 52 percent—and Kunshan will rent the campus to the University at no cost for 10 years. These agreements are expected to be renewed in the future under their current conditions, Trask said. The cost to the University throughout DKU’s first six years is expected to total $37 million in addition to the $5.5 million previously spent on design and construction oversight. The University will also draw a $13.3 million loan from central administrative funds for campus furnishings, Trask said. Because the investment comes shortly after the University cut funding from the Durham campus in light of the economic downturn, questions have arisen about the upcoming spending in China. “Over the last couple of years [the University has] had to cut $125 million, and now we are going to be sending a good amount of money to Duke Kunshan,” said political science professor Paula McClain at the March 24 Academic Council meeting. “But all of the money they take in will stay within that institution. Are we going to be squeezed even more?”
Henriquez said faculty tend to get anxious when the University “experiments.” He added, however, that he has observed significantly less excitement from his colleagues about DKU than he expected. Faculty are concerned that they will not be able to continue Durham initiatives because of the costs of projects in Kunshan. “It’s hard to find people who are hyper-enthusiastic about this—that’s a little surprising to me,” he said. “[Enthusiasm is] not as evident as it should be at this point.” ‘Incalculable’ rewards Few Dukies in Durham have seen the campus’ development first hand, but one Kunshan local has visited the site and expressed confidence in the project. American investment company owner Virgil Adams has been investing in Kunshan for 15 years. He recently moved his company, New Frontier Investments, to the region because he believes it will eventually emerge as the “Chinese Silicon Valley.” Adams has been closely following DKU’s construction, occasionally tracking its progress in his blog, “My Kunshan.” Based on his experience as a developer in the region, he believes Duke’s decision to build a campus in China will induce “incalculable” rewards. Adams acknowledged that the initial budget might seem steep but said a prediction of DKU’s value in 20 years could vastly exceed believable expectations. “Any university that does not jump at an opportunity to be here is going to get left by the wayside of history,” he said in an interview. “I cannot imagine how Duke could make any money off this in the first five years, but in 20 years, this will have a phenomenal, immeasurable return on investment for Kunshan and Duke.... You can’t even imagine it—no one can.” Provost Peter Lange echoed the importance of establishing a global presence. The advantages are hard to see when working in a nation with a “complicated political landscape” like China, he said. “We need to remember this is a major strategic initiative for the University—it’s easy to lose sight in the thousands of details,” Lange said. “When one is evaluating risks, it’s always worthwhile to think about the risks of doing nothing.” ‘I’ll believe it when I see it’ In addition to observing DKU’s progress from afar,
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Adams was able to get a tour of the construction site last month—a privilege typically reserved for Duke administrators and Kunshan officials. When he first visited in late 2010, he said, there was almost no activity or indication that work was being done and he was skeptical that the project would be finished by its expected completion date of late 2012. When he visited again in March, his opinion changed. That time, construction crews had begun work on the school’s foundation and were constructing basements, he said. “[Last year], I said it doesn’t look like anything is going to open in the next three years,” he said. “This time, it was obvious work was being done.” When administrators first presented tentative plans for the Chinese campus, they anticipated that the first phase of construction would be completed sometime in 2011. Challenges such as finalizing agreements with a partner university contributed to the project’s delay. In January, the University established a partnership with Wuhan University, and if its appeal to the Chinese Ministry of Education to establish a campus is approved, DKU should be able to enroll students for Fall 2012 academic programs. Although the campus is making obvious strides in construction, Adams said Kunshan locals remain largely unaware of the project. He believes the limited publicity can be attributed to the many other large and fast-paced developments happening throughout the city, causing Duke to get “lost in the shuffle.” A lack of significant Duke presence contributes to the minimal Chinese public response, he added. “The credibility of the endeavor might get called into question, not in a negative way,” Adams said. “The Chinese are saying, ‘I’ll believe it when I see it.’” Additionally, DKU is not readily visible to many Kunshan citizens. Located near the Suzhou Industrial Park, the campus is about a 20-minute drive from downtown Kunshan and is surrounded by vacant land with business complexes on the other side of the empty lots, he said. Although largely industrial, he believes that this area is a smart place for Duke to invest because of significant research taking place nearby. “People are going to start up the future Google or Apple in Kunshan, and what’s the value of that investment?” Adams said.
WEDNESDAY April 6, 2011
Check out the third installment of our series, Duke in the NBA Duke Baseball bounces back from Sunday’s loss to Georgia Tech
Coach K’s influence extends beyond the court
graphic by MARGIE TRUWIT/The Chronicle
by Harrison Comfort THE CHRONICLE
Editor’s note: This is Part 2 of a three-part series spotlighting the connection between the NBA and Duke Basketball. Yesterday’s emphasis was on how Duke’s power brokers achieved their positions in the NBA. Today’s story focuses on how Duke influenced them. Tomorrow, The Chronicle looks at an uncertain future of those entering the NBA Draft. While many of Mike Krzyzewski’s former players have thrived in Duke in professional basketball, this success also extends to those who came contact with the Hall-of-Fame coach, but never even suited up the NBA: into for the Blue Devils. Krzyzewski’s knack for inspiring others has left lasting impressions Part 2 both on and off the court, whether they be on the basketball team’s former head manager or the NBA’s second highest-ranking executive. And his uncanny ability to maximize others’ potential starts with the fundamental message he preaches to his teams. “Coach K uses an expression with his team and that is about being ‘All-In,’” said Adam Silver, the NBA deputy commissioner. “He finds a way to make everyone feel, whether
you’re the person booking the travel arrangements or responsible for the uniforms, that they are equally part of the team. There’s no doubt that that’s a large part of why he’s so successful…. He finds a way to get the best out of everyone.” Silver, who did not meet Krzyzewski until after he graduated, saw firsthand how the Hall-of-Fame coach interacted with the USA Basketball personnel in the 2008 Beijing Olympics, and he has applied a similar attitude to the Commissioner’s office as he leads the League’s global expansion and collective bargaining agreement. Nick Arison, who assisted with the National Team’s day-to-day operations and currently holds an executive position with the Miami Heat, learned the importance of buying into a team concept when he served as the Blue Devils’ head basketball manager. Working with Krzyzewski on both the collegiate and international level taught him about the time commitment necessary to establish a winning culture. The hard work also yielded gratifying rewards. “Being a Duke manager, you are totally immersed in [the program],” Arison said. “Your personal schedule revolves around the team schedule, games, practices, meetings, See NBA on page 10
Baseball’s return good news for all sports fans The end of basketball season can sometimes be bittersweet on Duke’s campus, where hoops is king. But it’s nice to know there’s something to look forward to in the seven months between games in Cameron Indoor Stadium: It’s baseball season again. For those of you that have loved the game through the years as much as I have, you know the Tom anticipation I’m talking about. You’ve sat through a winter of trade rumors and free-agent signings and a spring of headlines about players in the “best
shape of their lives.” You’ve heard the trash talking from fans of rival teams and listened to the pundits blather on about what’s going to happen, as if they already saw the advanced screening. And now you’re just ready to get on with the games, with the summer, with the march toward October, where miracles happen. You know exactly what Christina Kahrl, a writer for Baseball Prospectus, means when she describes baseball as “a thing of its own, with a soundscape you can hear in the back of your head without prompting…a living thing moving at its own unhurried pace, a Jon Bedell/The Chronicle
See GIERYN on page 10
Although Duke students love basketball, baseball contains equally compelling storylines, Tom Gieryn writes.
10 | wednesday, april 6, 2011 the chronicle
NBA from page 9 and the travel…. But by being willing to do that and putting in the huge time commitment, I was part of one of the greatest basketball programs there is, if not the greatest, and in my opinion, the best coach in college basketball.” In addition to encouraging the “All-In” concept, Krzyzewski forces his players to self-reflect and evaluate how they can improve their individual performances. This introspective approach pays dividends over the course of a season, whether in the locker room or the front office, and helps players and executives alike focus on accomplishing future goals. So even if the team is winning, Krzyzewski focuses more on the team’s progression than its victorious results. “I’ve never heard [Coach K] say a win is a win,” said Jay Bilas, the ESPN basketball analyst who helped lead Duke to the 1986 National Championship game. “He might be the most unhappy person on the planet during a win streak if he feels it’s going to hurt them in the long run…. He’s always challenged us to think about winning…and taught us to evaluate where and who you are right now, not just as a person, but as an organization.” Yet while Krzyzewski encourages individuals to evaluate their team contributions, he also guides players to help them maximize their potential. Serving as an educator rather than just a basketball coach, he remains a mentor to
former players and stays loyal to those who have supported his team concept, providing advice in basketball, personal matters and even life-changing decisions. “I’ve never made a major decision in my life without talking to Coach K,” New Jersey Nets General Manager and former Blue Devils captain Billy King said. “Whether it be taking a GM job or coaching job, I’ve always talked to him for advice and guidance.” Most importantly, Krzyzewski leads by example in handling the spotlight. He teaches those around him to develop a thick skin and stay focused on fulfilling one’s obligation to the team. This has proven especially helpful for Arison in Miami. The Heat acquired Olympic gold-medalists Lebron James, Chris Bosh and Dwyane Wade from Krzyzewski’s National Team in the off-season, spawning a media frenzy that still persists. “The other thing that Duke really prepares you for is the scrutiny and media attention,” Arison said. “There aren’t many college programs that are like that. So to be able to handle the interviews and demands on your time off the court, I think being at Duke prepares you for that.” Ultimately Krzyzewski, similar to the university at which he coaches, has a multi-faceted influence on former students. “One thing that Duke prepares you for, as well as Coach K, is not just to be a pro basketball player,” King said. “It prepares you for life.”
Gieryn from page 9 daily escape from the everyday race.” There are many of you, though, who are sports fans but not baseball fans, and I can understand that. Appreciation of the game is much easier when you know the stories behind the action: the pitcher recovering from surgery, the rookie adjusting to life in the big leagues. Baseball brings out those storylines like no other sport because it’s a game that has plenty of time for them. Baseball has time for stories because it’s the only game that doesn’t have a clock ticking overhead. The players make their own time: As long as a team doesn’t make outs, it gets to keep batting. There’s no buzzer and no play clock. The game paces itself, and the spaces get filled up with the people that make the game. But it’s those spaces that seem to turn most people off from baseball. “Baseball takes forever,” people complain, in spite of the fact that the average game length of two hours and 50 minutes isn’t that much longer than the average college basketball broadcast, and is dwarfed by the NFL’s four-hour time slots. If it isn’t long, then it’s at least slow, they say, even though a January 2010 study by the Wall Street Journal concluded that “the average amount of time the ball is in play on the field during an NFL game is about 11 minutes.” As the NFL and the NBA ride the rails on an apparent crash course to labor strife and lockouts, baseball is as healthy as it’s ever been. That’s not
“In today’s world of hyperattention and multi-tasking, baseball fits right in. It’s a perfect thing to be watching while you’re doing something else.” — Tom Gieryn, columnist
Chronicle FILE PHOTO
Former Blue Devil and ESPN basketball analyst Jay Bilas recalled how Mike Krzyzewski challenges his players to reflect on the meaning of winning.
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to say the sport hasn’t had its ups and downs, since it had its own lockout back in the mid-1990s and is still haunted by the specter of steroid use that infiltrated the game in the decade that followed the 1994 strike. But baseball is now ahead of other sports in regulating performance-enhancing drugs, and the current stretch of labor peace is nearly unprecedented in modern sports. Don’t get me wrong: I’m a fan of other sports, too, and I look forward to Monday Night Football and Sunday Night Hoops as much as anybody. But baseball is a different kind of investment altogether. Pick a team and watch them for a while, and you’ll get used to the rhythm of the announcers, until their voices almost become a comfort. You’ll get to know the stories that shape the players that shape the games, and those stories are as diverse as can be. Enjoy an athlete with a little quirky humility? Think of the former Astros hurler Roy Oswalt, who asked for, and received, a $200,000 bulldozer for winning a start in the 2005 National League Championship Series. Like a little Cinderella story? Look no further than the Nationals’ Rick Ankiel, who re-invented himself as a hitter when he couldn’t live up to the lofty expectations set for him as one of the game’s most heralded pitching prospects. Need a tale of redemption? Baseball has those, too, in the likes of Josh Hamilton, who overcame drug addictions and off-the-field issues to become one of the most feared hitters in the majors. In fact, for most baseball fans, it’s as much about the people who play the game as the game itself. But even the old-fashioned nine-inning baseball game is ironically perfect for contemporary society. In today’s world of hyper-attention and multi-tasking, baseball fits right in. It’s a perfect thing to be watching while you’re doing something else. Turn it on as background noise while working on a problem set. Fall asleep to the chatter of extra innings. You can afford to miss a pitch or two, because the game isn’t in a hurry. Even if you are.
wednesday, april 6, 2011 | 11
Blue Devils grab nonconference win at home by Alex Krinsky THE CHRONICLE
In the midst of a brutal ACC stretch, it’s vital for Duke to take advantage of its nonconference matchups as an opportunity to build confidence and pick up a win. Against Wofford last night, Robert Huber pitched six scoreless innings, and the Blue Devils survived a late rally to beat the Terriers 7-5 at Jack Coombs Field. Huber was dominant in his second career start for Duke (17-14). The freshman gave up only two hits and didn’t surrender a walk. “That was as good a start as WOFF 5 we’ve had this year,” head coach DUKE 7 Sean McNally said. “He mixed three pitches and really commanded his fastball well. I’m really excited for Robert. He’s worked very hard, and it’s great to see him get results.” Huber gave up two hits in the second inning, but the freshman caught fire in the third as he retired 12 straight batters before he was relieved at the start of the seventh. “I was just going with the flow,” Huber said. “[My pitches] were working well together…. I was just getting up there and throwing strikes, and I knew the infielders were making plays behind me.” The Blue Devils jumped out to an early 5-0 lead in the second. After three consecutive singles from Jordan Betts, Will Piwnica-Worms and Dennis O’Grady to begin the inning, Marcus Stroman dropped a triple down the right field line to score all three baserunners. “I think everyone is just starting to feed off each other,” McNally said. “It’s nice to see Worms get going. Stroman got a big hit. That really helps the young guys and helps our offense.” Stroman scored soon after when Angelo LaBruna slapped a grounder to second base for the RBI. After Ryan Munger walked, Chris Marconcini added the fifth run by ripping an RBI double. Alex Wilson replaced Terrier starter Eric Eck in the third and was effective in shutting down the Blue Devils in
NICK SCHWARTZ/The Chronicle
Freshman Robert Huber pitched six shutout innings in only his second career start as Duke held off Wofford 7-5 Tuesday night at Jack Coombs Field. his four innings of work. He scattered three hits and gave up zero runs. But Duke added two more insurance runs in the seventh after Wilson was relieved by Ryan Traylor. The Blue Devils loaded the bases, and after O’Grady struck out and Stroman grounded into a fielder’s choice at home, it looked as though Duke would leave three baserunners stranded. But LaBruna came through again by stroking a linedrive to center field that drove in two runs. He was 2-3 on the night with three RBIs. “The bats are starting to come on,” LaBruna said. “Guys are starting to feel really good at the plate…. Especially in the mid-week games, we have to work on doing the little
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things and playing well so that when we get to the ACC games, we can just execute.” The Terriers’ bats came alive in the eighth during a five-run rally that put the pressure on the Blue Devils. In his second inning of relief, Ben Grisz struggled as Wofford (14-16) strung together four hits, including two doubles. Stroman switched from second base to the mound, and although he gave up a single that scored two of Grisz’s baserunners, he struck out the next two batters to end the inning. Stroman took care of business in the ninth and picked up the save. Tonight the Blue Devils look to gain more momentum and earn another nonconference win against UNC-Greensboro.
12 | wednesDAY, april 6, 2011
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notes, according to the violation report. Under the terms of his conviction and probation, Satell is required to submit to warrantless searches of his person, vehicle and premises and is in violation if he downloads—or otherwise possesses—any type of pornography. He is not allowed to use illegal drugs and is required to submit to drug and alcohol testing at the direction of his probation officer. After being arrested for violating his probation, Satell was released on $20,000 bond and appeared in court for a hearing Feb. 28. A month later, the court ordered Satell to enroll in and complete drug education and rehabilitation classes. Mark McCullough, the Durham County assistant district attorney who handled Satell’s case, said the case and outcome are not typical. He added that the sentence could have been far more severe if the case had gone to trial because Satell would have been tried on the original charges. “He could have gotten 100 to 165 months in jail,” McCollugh said. “Say he had gone to trial and been convicted, he would have qualified for probation and probably gotten it, but the suspended sentence would have been much higher.” McCullough said Satell would have qualified for probation because this was his first offense.
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described his company’s founding philosophy—successful advertising is all about emotional connection. “’I’m not sure that I really care about what people think about my brand because I know that most of the decisions [consumers] make have nothing to do with thinking,” he said. “If you’re not catching people emotionally, you’re not going to catch them at all.” Brinegar added that McKinney creates “an irrational attachment between people and brands.” This attachment is facilitated by advertisements, which lead consumers to favor one brand over the other in the marketplace setting. Most purchases come down to “why should I buy it from you,” he noted. “The brands that dominate are brands that touch you and connect with you in ways that others don’t,” he said. “That’s why Nike is twice as big as Reebok, [but] they’re selling the same thing.” Reinvention, Brinegar added, is also an essential component to McKinney’s success.
The Chronicle previously reported that Satell was expected in court in December. McCullough attributed the delay to the nature of the plea deal and the negotiation process. “Once in Superior Court, negotiations go on, and it took a while to negotiate and come to an agreement as to how to handle this case,” he said. Satell is still listed as a student on Duke’s online phonebook and is still on campus. The Chronicle reported in November that Satell said Duke concluded its disciplinary process and that he was scheduled to graduate in May. Dean of Students Sue Wasiolek declined to comment on Satell’s case due to student privacy rules. But she said the Undergraduate Conduct Board sometimes decides on students’ cases before the criminal justice system does. Wasiolek said that in general, when a student is charged with a crime, the student can be temporarily suspended if he or she poses a threat to campus, but otherwise the conduct board addresses the matter. “If the student is found to have committed a misdemeanor in the court, we don’t necessarily judge the allegations based on the way the criminal court system found them,” she said. “Evidentiary rules are different and the standard of proof is different. We hear the case based on the Duke Community Standard not on criminal law.”
“Everyday [while] something is going well, a crisis is around the corner,” he said. “We’re constantly challenging the status quo.... We really believe there is a fundamental change going on everyday in our business. That’s what makes it so exciting.” Brinegar concluded his presentation by commenting on the increasingly fast pace of technological advancement and the uncertain future of the advertising industry. “I don’t know what the right move is for tomorrow.... We have to say ‘Let’s put 20 hooks in the water and see what happens,” he said. “I know that 19 of them are going to come back dry, but whatever comes back on that one hook is what’s going to propel us forward. “ Senior Anita Raheja, vice president and director of exposure of the Duke Marketing Club, said she appreciated hearing about Brinegar’s unconventional career path. “[Brinegar] showed that if you want [a career in advertising] and that’s your goal, you can get to it in several ways,” she said. “He showed that a company is not comprised of just one type of person.”
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ldoc from page 1 performance at the University. Although LDOC is less than a month away, the committee will try to secure a full line-up in time for the celebration, said LDOC committee co-chair Will Benesh, a senior. Tomson said the committee is currently looking for an artist of the same indiepop genre that would appeal to Cataracs fans, adding that the group must consider artists within a certain price range. Several students expressed concern about The Cataracs’ withdrawal and recording artist Dev’s ability to perform a solo act. “It’s disappointing,” said sophomore Jennifer Wang. “I’m glad that Dev is still performing, but I don’t think her performance will be as good without
the Cataracs.” Tomson also noted that the committee shared similar concerns about the rest of the lineup. “We considered if we wanted [Dev] to perform without The Cataracs,” she said. “But the students were excited about her and at this point we can’t afford to lose another artist on purpose. She performs by herself a lot, so we aren’t worried about it.” This is not the first time an artist has canceled an LDOC performance. In Spring 2008, rapper Lupe Fiasco called off his scheduled appearance in order to go on tour with rapper Kanye West, singer Rihanna and alternative band N.E.R.D. Although Fiasco was verbally rescheduled to perform the following semester, he did not perform at Duke for nearly three years, until March 31, 2011.
wednesday, april 6, 2011 | 13
Diversions Shoe Chris Cassatt and Gary Brookins
Dilbert Scott Adams
Doonesbury Garry Trudeau
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The Independent Daily at Duke University
14 | wednesday, april 6, 2011
DSG executive board endorsements In today’s elections for fident in his ability to exercise the Duke Student Govern- formal leadership over the ment executive board, the DSG Senate and cabinet and student body has a chance to leverage his DSG experito make a choice about how ence to represent the student they want to be repesented. body effectively. The Editorial The ChronBoard endorses icle’s indepenPete Schork for editorial dent Editorial president. Board has endorsed the following DSG Executive Vote Bhutani for EVP Board candidates: Although sophomore Gurdane Bhutani has a relative Vote Schork for president lack of interest in the interJunior Pete Schork, the nal affairs of the Senate-—the current executive vice presi- usual purview of the EVPdent and a long-time DSG —we were impressed by his representative, is the right extensive knowledge about a choice for president. wide range of the issues that Schork’s deep institutional will face students in the comknowledge, his strategic ap- ing year. Bhutani’s advocacy proach to student advocacy focused platform has more and his levelheaded prama- potential than his opponent’s tism distinguish him from the narrow, rules focused platother candidates. We are con- form. The Editorial Board en-
Think for yourself when it comes to voting for DSG candidates. Don’t let the Editorial Board do it for you.
—“blue_devil” commenting on the editorial “Vote Schork for president.” See more at www.dukechronicle.com.
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dorses Bhutani for executive vice president. Vote Osa for RLD VP In a crowded field for vice president for residence life and dining, junior Esosa Osa stands above the competition. Osa has lived on all three of Duke’s residential campuses. She boasts broad knowledge of residential issues and has an impressive understanding of the particular relevancy of each problem. She is the most qualified candidate to represent students during the transition to the house model and the rennovations of the West Union Building. The Editorial Board endorses Osa for vice president for residence life and dining. Vote Lieu for ASE VP Junior Christina Lieu’s
experience, knowledge and optimism set her apart in the race for the vice president for athletics, services and environment. We are excited by her expansive vision for the new position and her experience in enviornmental issues. The Editorial Board endorses Lieu for vice president for athletics, services and environment.
Vote Danesh for AA VP Current vice president for academic affairs Kaveh Danesh, a junior, runs unopposed for re-election. Danesh’s prospals are sometimes abstract and theoretical. But he is a passionate and brimming with constructive ideas. The Editorial Board endorses Danesh for vice president for academic affairs.
Vote Simpson for SL VP Both candidates for vice president for student life fall short on substantative policy propsoals. But the broad knowledge and rich campus experience of junior Ebonie Simpson make her the clear choice over sophomore Michael Habashi. The Editorial Board endorses Simpson for vice president for student life.
Vote Swain for DRA VP Sophomore Alexandra Swain runs unopposed for vice president for Durham and regional affairs. A Durham native, Swain’s professionalism and savvy make her a fine choice, even if her proposals are sometimes nebulous. The Editorial Board endorses Swain for vice president for Durham and regional affairs.
Would I have been accepted?
he other day, I was shocked—shocked!—to and summer science lab projects. read that Duke’s undergraduate admissions Basically, the kid that gets into Duke now is rate had fallen to 12.6 percent. Granted, the same type of kid that got in a decade ago— undergraduate admissions hadn’t same intelligence, same enthubeen a priority of mine since April siasm, same engagement—only 2003, but I seemed to remember these kids are more prepared that it was easier to get into Duke and accomplished. Guttentag says back in the day. that the new kids aren’t smarter, As it turned out, I was right. they just bring more appealing When I was admitted to Duke, as a qualities to the table. They’re the member of the Class of 2007, 22.5 more highly evolved version of the percent of applications for admis18-year-old me. alex fanaroff sion were successful. But this seems just a little too farewell tour This realization led to some simple. An admissions percentage serious questions: Who are these has a numerator—the kids who geniuses that can get into a school with an admis- get in—and a denominator—the kids who apply. sions rate of 12.6 percent? Are they smarter than Maybe the kids making up the numerator are me? Are they better than me? Were they created largely the same, but the denominator is bigger. out of spare parts with mutant half-computer, In 2003, I applied along with 16,704 other high half-human brains by an evil scientist deep in the school seniors for a spot at Duke; this year, there bowels of University of Ingolstadt? Most impor- were nearly 30,000 applications. tantly, if I applied to Duke today, would I have For a variety of reasons—demographics, regotten in? newed appreciation of the importance of a Duke Racked with newfound self-doubt, I went to degree in an uncertain economy, the fact that see Christoph Guttentag, dean of undergradu- students apply to more schools than ever before, ate admissions, to see if he had any answers that the national media’s reporting on Duke’s iniwould make me feel better. tiatives to increase affordability and access, the I asked if the 18-year-old version of me would Common Application—competitive colleges like have gotten into Duke had he applied this year. Duke are receiving nearly twice as many applicaUnfortunately, Guttentag told me, my origi- tions as they received eight years ago. And havnal admissions file was no longer available, since ing so many qualified applicants, Guttentag says, I was no longer an active undergrad; otherwise, means that “we’re going to make a lot of great we could have pulled my file out and compared students and families unhappy.” it to this year’s admitted students. (The fact that So would I have been one of the great but unI typed my application on an actual typewriter— happy students? seriously—could not have helped its shelf-life.) “The real answer,” Guttentag said, “is that, Anyway, he continued, the easy answer is, “Yes, if the qualities that you demonstrated as an apof course you would’ve gotten in.” He cited the plicant almost 10 years ago were applied to the fact that I had been admitted to Duke’s medi- opportunities our applicants now have, I expect cal school as evidence that I had obviously been that you would be similarly competitive.” successful and should have been admitted. But I Competitive, yes. But would I have gotten the wasn’t interested in knowing with the benefit of thick envelope or the thin envelope? hindsight whether I should have been admitted; “We make admissions decisions on the basis I wanted to know if I would have been admitted. of how someone appears in the context of that This was a more complex question, though applicant pool that year,” Guttentag said. “When apparently one that Guttentag gets asked every the pool changes quickly, it is entirely possible five years by self-doubting alumni like me. He that students admitted one year are not admittells them that if they applied now with the same ted in another.... People now are approaching credentials they applied with when they got in applying to Duke with a real sense that nothing five, 10 or 15 years ago, then there’s no way they is certain.” would be admitted. “The older we get,” he says, So there’s the answer: If I had been born eight “the more we look at these applicants and real- years later, I might have gotten in, but I also ize they are nothing like we were when we were might not have gotten in. in high school.” But, he adds, students applying Not as reassuring as I had hoped. now have opportunities that those applying years ago did not have—opportunities like more adAlex Fanaroff is a fourth-year medical student. His vanced placement and other advanced courses column runs every Wednesday.
wednesday, april 6, 2011 | 15
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Reflections of a compulsive goal-setter
ccording to a study conducted by Dave Kohl, pro- cer, and many of my men were elementary and middle fessor emeritus at Virginia Tech, 80 percent of school dropouts. They felt like they had little to look Americans say they don’t have goals. Another 16 forward to after their two years in the military were percent do have goals, but they don’t over. They were unlikely to attend colwrite them down. Less than 4 percent lege or land high-paying jobs, and had no write down their goals, and less than idea how they were going to make a living. 1 percent review them regularly. This Many of them went AWOL (Absent Withsmall percentage of Americans earn out Official Leave) and as punishment nine times more, over the course of their mandatory military service was extheir lifetimes, than those who don’t tended. Because they didn’t have concrete set goals. goals they wanted to achieve once they left Clearly, the relationship between the army, they felt like serving more time daniel wong goal-setting and money-making isn’t a wasn’t delaying the start of their actual strictly causal one. But, hey, even if the loving life, loving lives adult lives. Understanding their thoughts mere act of setting goals causes your reinforced my belief in goal-setting as a lifetime wealth to increase by 20 percent (instead of way to make your present reality more enjoyable. 900 percent), that still seems like a pretty good reason 2. Goals determine the kind of person you want to start planning seriously for the future. to be. Setting goals is something most of us Duke students For instance, if your goal is to speak to a crowd of do obsessively, anyway. We’re notoriously driven and 10,000 people, then you’re going to need to be someambitious—I’m sure you know people who won’t be one who has a certain amount of courage. You’re also content unless they get into Yale Law, score 40 on the going to need to be someone who is sufficiently knowlMCAT, make it to the Dean’s List every semester or be- edgeable about a subject that 10,000 people would come president of their student organizations. want to listen to you. These are all great goals to have, but I don’t believe At the end of the day, it’s less about the goals you that goals, regardless of what they are, have much in- achieve, and more about the person you become trinsic value. through striving toward those goals. It’s satisfying when Don’t get me wrong, I’m a pretty compulsive goal- you work hard and attain success, but the true prize is setter myself: At last count I’ve written down 56 goals how you’ve matured and grown. that I’d like to achieve in 2011. But if we think about 3. Goals guide you toward your final destination. some of the most inspiring goals we’ve already reached, Many of us have grand dreams of what our future I dare say they’ve been somewhat of a letdown. When looks like—what kind of family, career, car, house and we set a goal, we often think to ourselves, “Wow, it would influence we’d like to have. But grand dreams are realbe AMAZING if I pull this off!” When we actually do ized by taking small, unassuming steps. Goals are prepull it off, however, the feeling is good and there’s defi- cisely those steps that help us get to our fantastic final nitely a sense of accomplishment—but it’s almost never destination, although we need to keep in mind that as amazing as we thought it would be. We expected to fulfilling our wildest desires, on their own, will likely feel like a 10, yet when it’s all said and done, we feel leave us feeling like a seven or an eight on the scale of more like a seven or an eight. fulfillment. Since achieving a goal, in and of itself, doesn’t bring In closing, the US Army employs a model of leadus the fulfillment we desire, what then is the real pur- ership called “Be. Know. Do.” In essence, it states that pose of setting goals, from an individual perspective? you first need to be clear about exactly who you want to I’ve come up with three. be before you can decide what you want to know. Only 1. Having goals enhances the quality of your life then should you decide what you want to do. right now. So go ahead and be an achiever. In fact, feel free to Having something to reach for gives us a sense of an- be an overachiever. Just be sure to put the “being” beticipation about the future. Goals make it more enjoy- fore the “knowing,” and the “knowing” before the “doable to live in the present, because you’re excited about ing.” That’s the key to meaningful goal-setting. what you’re working to achieve. I spent two years in the military before coming to Daniel Wong is a Pratt senior. His column runs every other Duke. I served as an infantry battalion manpower offi- Wednesday.
lettertotheeditor A second listen Professor [Anthony] Kelley’s April 1 column “A melody? Word.” bears more than a whiff of both elitism and you-kids-get-off-my-lawn stodginess. To be sure, crafting a stirring melody is one way to demonstrate musical prowess. But suggesting that it’s the only way is not far from saying that orchestral music is somehow more musical than, say, the White Stripes’ minimal guitar-and-drum arrangements. Complexity and difficulty of execution are not the only currency of music. To suggest otherwise is to invoke the conventional lowest-common-denominator musical views of a safely suburban middle-class America that has rendered “American Idol” a weighty authority in matters of musical taste. That Kelley—who, judging by his credentials, really ought to know better—would cite the show in support of his thesis ought to demonstrate to any reader that thesis’ essential poverty. Hip-hop—like all other forms of music—is not a monolithic and undifferentiated whole. To hear Kelley tell it, hip-hop artists simply loop “compositions written by other people” and talk over them. And certainly there are some artists who do this. (P-Diddy, I’m looking at you.) This kind of remix-
ing—making the audience hear an old song in a new way—provides its own valuable and important musical challenges to the listener. But more to the point, there are many hip-hop artists who compose original melodies. Kelley himself points to Jay-Z’s backing tracks—but these are not, in Kelley’s estimation, enough to make Jay-Z a true musician, just more like one. The truth, of course, is that, “here in the West,” we have a proud, millennia-long tradition of treating the poetic spoken word as music. Homer and Virgil couldn’t even get three words into their most famous compositions without referring to their art as singing. I urge Professor Kelley to listen—actually listen— to some Eminem, Kanye or old-school Snoop Dogg. The melodies may be unconventional; they may not be Bach or Ben Folds or the Beatles, but melodies they are. They may be sung or they may arise out of the interplay of the vocalist’s voice rising and falling against the backing music. If Kelley can’t hear them, it’s not because they’re absent. Josh Mitchell Law ’11
You snooze, you lose?
was tired. My eyelids had developed a mind of their own, and seemed to be losing their fight against gravity. It was Thursday afternoon, and while I sat in Perkins with my MCAT notes in front of me, sleep was awfully tempting. I woke up after an hour. I looked up groggily around me. Still quiet. I started to kick myself. I had just wasted an hour on sleep. These MCAT notes weren’t going to study themselves. I looked at my watch. It was 2:30 p.m. Then I milap mehta remembered that the Lupe Fiasco show was that night. what i think i think At that moment I was torn into three separate directions: I wanted to go to my room and curl up into bed. I needed to buckle down and finish studying my MCAT notes, and I also wanted to leave, meet up with my friends and go to the show. I realized that my predicament was indicative of the dilemmas many college students face. Good grades, a good social life or enough sleep? Choose two of the three. At that moment I could have taken a nap, then studied. I could have studied then gone to the show. I could have taken a nap and then gone to the show. Not all three. The importance of good grades is obvious. At the same time, a social life is what college is supposed to be about—these are our years of irresponsibility, folks! After this, we can no longer party whenever we want or meet so many similar people in one place. I took a few deep breaths and got back to work. After struggling through a couple of hours of physics and organic chemistry, I packed up my things, put a hat on backwards and ventured over to Central Campus to see Mr. Fiasco, despite my aching eyes and a groggy mind. What would you have done? Sleep has been identified as an important factor in memory function, concentration and motor skills. In fact, if you have gone 28 hours without sleep, according to a 2000 study published in Occupational and Environmental Medicine, you could potentially have equally impaired cognitive and motor abilities as someone with a Blood Alcohol Content of 0.1 percent. Should we have designated drivers in Perkins? In 2009, a study in the Journal of Adolescent Health reported that 25 percent of 1,125 students surveyed got 6.5 hours of sleep or less each night. Many students wait until the weekend to catch up on sleep. Yet that beneficial catch-up sleep is almost negated if students drink alcohol. According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, alcohol interferes with normal sleep patterns. This means that even if people fall asleep more quickly after drinking, they sleep more fitfully during the second half of sleep. This can occur even if you consume “a moderate dose of alcohol” six hours before you go to bed. The sleep after a night of drinking is not restful and doesn’t rejuvenate us the way a night of sober sleep would have. College students are limited by time. It often appears that there is not enough time for us to do all that we want in a day. Most of us want to get all that we can out of college, and this includes making good grades while still leading fulfilling social lives. Sometimes our ambitions to have both of these means we forfeit important shut-eye. Although time is a major constraint, the fact that staying up to socialize with friends interferes with sleep, and it is pretty hard to study while sleeping, means that these three things are mutually exclusive. Did you ever stay up late studying for an exam and then perform worse than you expected? You probably felt that all the time you spent studying went to waste. Instead, you should have cut your losses and gone to sleep. It has been shown that sleep allows us to consolidate information in our brains and to better retrieve that information when it matters. Have you ever gone out one night or been around friends, because you wanted to “unwind,” only to find that you were cranky, negative and generally bringing down the mood of the group? Has this ever coincided with being tired from a lack of sleep the night before? Instead of going out with your friends, a better way to unwind would have been to jump in bed and get a good night’s rest. We frequently forgo sleep to study or party instead, but a lack of sleep actually impairs our performance in either of these capacities. A rested, alert mind is necessary for success in any aspect of life, and sleep is necessary for maximum brain performance. Balance is key in college, and it often takes years before we learn how to achieve an optimal combination of studying, socializing and snoozing. Many of you got about four hours of sleep last night—if you were considering going out tonight, or pulling an all-nighter, maybe you should think again. Get some sleep. Milap Mehta is a Trinity junior. His column runs every other Wednesday.
16 | wednesday, april 6, 2011
sparks from page 4 things like Kelsey Grammer coming out on the right and Jane Fonda did come out on the left. Jesse Jackson is a little bit to the left. Basically, a lot of the things that we would expect to happen did happen. Every time we found [a] Michelle Malkin [or] Sean Hannity to the right, that was an interesting finding because it shows the mechanism does seem to work. TC: Do you think the results you ended up with accurately depict the political affiliations of the people and organizations you studied? How so? DS: Well, I think it’s tricky in that it does not necessarily say something about their own personal ideology. I think we need to be really careful because I think what we’re actually measuring is the perception of their ideology or partisanship, not necessarily that which they themselves hold. And in some cases, what we measure doesn’t represent their personal or perceived ideologies. So, for example, Katie Couric is quite far to the left and that was totally surprising. I don’t think
she is as liberal as it comes out necessarily, but I think rather that during the 2008 election, her interview with Sarah Palin may have generated large numbers of liberal-leaning Twitter users who also follow liberal Senators and Democrats. And that is why she is being correlated with those individuals. So, this needs to be taken with a grain of salt, especially for those working outside the realm of politics. And again, I think it’s important to emphasize that this is perception and not necessarily true reality of how these individuals behave. TC: What opportunities are there for future research in other fields or using other social networking sites? DS: There are many ways we could use Twitter behavior to study political phenomena. One in which we are particularly interested is the use of “retweets” and hashtags to trace the diffusion of ideas throughout the political online network. Do ideas or messages tend to emanate from a few central party leaders, or are they more grassroots-driven, with ideas disseminating from non-elites, throughout the network and eventually appropriated by more visible political elites? The vast amount of data being generated daily on sites like Twitter and Facebook presents many opportunities for social scientists.
Ready, Set, Intern!
Thursday, April 7 5-6:30 pm, Soc Sci 136 Prepare for your upcoming internship experience!
• Student panel discussion about internships in business, nonprofit, technology environment, and consulting • Learn what recruiters and alumni have to say about professional etiquette, “best practices” and what mistakes to avoid • Registration recommended: http://tinyurl.com/4sae7zb • Snacks provided
chronicle graphic by ted knudsen
Duke researchers were able to identify users’ political affiliations based on what politicians and celebrities those users follow.