The Chronicle T h e i n d e p e n d e n t d a i ly at D u k e U n i v e r s i t y
THURSDAY, MARCH 17, 2011
ONE HUNDRED AND SIXTH YEAR, Issue 114
Alum speaks 18 sign up for new housing option on Nigeria health reform by Jie Wang
by Maggie Spini
A recent Duke graduate has overseen improvements to Nigeria’s health care system by making immunizations more accessible. Muhammad Pate, Fuqua ’06, who currently serves as the executive director of Nigeria’s National Primary Health Care Development Agency, spoke on campus yesterday to a small audience of faculty and students about overcoming the complex challenges facing the country’s health system. “Nigeria is a large country with a large pool of resources, but the huge distribution of resources causes some zones to be less endowed than others,” he said. “There is a huge mis-distribution in terms of access and utilization of basic health care.” He noted that only 14 percent of the health care budget is dedicated to primary public care and 74 percent is appropriated for curing diseases—money he said could be better spent on preventing people from contracting diseases by improving their access to vaccines and willingness to be immunized. As head of the NPHCDA, he concentrated immunization efforts on polio, which has already been eradicated in developed countries.
Tonight, some students will choose to take advantage of the new option to live with members of the opposite sex on campus. The gender-neutral housing option, which was approved by Residence Life and Housing Services in the Fall, allows students of different genders to share the same suite or apartment. A total of 18 students are opting into gender-neutral housing for the 2011-2012 academic year, M.J. Williams, director of housing accommodations, administration and finance for RLHS, wrote in an e-mail Tuesday. The policy is indicative of a changing social culture and the University’s ability to recognize and respond to the needs of students, said Dean of Students Sue Wasiolek. “I think if you had asked me 20 years ago if Duke would move in this direction, I wouldn’t have imagined that it would,” Wasiolek said. Many of Duke’s peer institutions— including the University of Pennsylvania, Dartmouth College and Yale University— offer some form of gender-neutral housing. Students living in the gender-neutral option will be housed on Central Campus
See housing on page 8
See pate on page 7 chronicle graphic by courtney douglas and Maddie Lieberberg
Abdul Rauf to speak in Duke Chapel from Staff Reports THE CHRONICLE
chelsea pieroni/The Chronicle
Muhammad Pate, executive director of the Nigeria National Primary Health Development Agency, speaks Wednesday on Nigeria’s health system.
The leader of the controversial effort to construct a Muslim cultural center in lower Manhattan near ground zero is set to speak on campus today. Imam Feisal Abdul Rauf, the head of the Cordoba Initiative, will speak in Duke Chapel Feisal Abdul Rauf at 12 p.m. in a conversation with Dean of the Chapel Sam Wells. The event will be moderated by Duke Muslim Chaplain Abdullah Antepli and Associate Dean for Religious Life Christy Lohr Sapp, The imam was met by between 50 and 60 protestors associated with the Virginia-based Christian Action Network
WILL DUKE MAKE IT ALL THE WAY? Check out our NCAA supplement inside.
during his address yesterday at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, a stop on his national speaking tour, The Daily Tar Heel reported. The University is not anticipating protestors today, however, said both Duke Police Chief John Dailey and Dean of Students Sue Wasiolek yesterday evening. In Chapel Hill, Abdul Rauf focused on anti-extremism and noted that Islam is not America’s enemy. “If you ask many Muslims, they will tell you America, and the way we live in America, is more Islamic than the way we live in our homelands,” Abdul Rauf said, according to The Daily Tar Heel. The New York-based imam became controversial in 2010 when plans for the $100 million Park51 center—which includes plans for a mosque—prompted a national political debate leading up to the November midterm elections. Those
who supported its construction, including Mayor Michael Bloomberg, cited the need for religious tolerance. Detractors characterized the cultural center’s construction as disrespectful to those who were killed in the Sept. 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. In August, New York City’s Landmarks Preservation Commission decided to withhold landmark protection of the 150-year-old building currently located on the Park Place site, eliminating a significant impediment to the Park51 center plans. But the debate over the Islamic center and mosque continues. The New York Times reported that a New York City firefighter appeared in court Tuesday to ask a judge to overturn the city’s decision, which he alleges was unjustly influenced by Bloomberg’s vocal support.
“Institutions are acting independently of each other— they have to cooperate instead of just compete.”
—Education Critic Mark Taylor on higher education reform. See story page 3
2 | THURSDAY, MARCH 17, 2011 the chronicle
Fireside Chat: Dr. Tallman Trask Duke Grad School 102, 5-6p.m. Through this series students will be exposed to a series of administrative careers available within higher education.
Duke Irish Dance on the Plaza Bryan Center Plaza, 11a.m.-2p.m. Celebrate St. Patrick’s Day with Rince Diabhal by seeing Irish Dancing with great music and Irish snacks.
La Tavola Italiana Cena Italiana Social Sciences 139, 6-7p.m. La Tavola Italiana features film showings, culinary events, a bocce tournament, card games and talks on Italian culture.
“Even if Kyrie Irving plays only 10 minutes a game, he completely changes the complexion of this Duke team. Combine that with senior leadership, a rarity in this tournament, and you have a recipe for back-to-back titles.” — From The Chronicle’s Sports Blog sports.chronicleblogs.com
Michael Temchine/The washington post
Dirk Bos spends time with kids and dog during his unemployment spell, which, according to the government, has been the case since 2008. Adding the hidden workers, who are no longer looking for jobs, to February’s jobless rate pushes the unemployment rate up to 10.5 percent. Broader measures of unemployment, which includes people who must work part time, put the rate at nearly 16 percent.
May your blessings outnumber the shamrocks that grow. — Irish blessing
TODAY IN HISTORY
1753: First official St Patrick’s Day.
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House Republicans try to Japanese drop water from steer focus back to jobs air on stricken nuclear plant WASHINGTON — As the debate over keeping the federal government funded continues to dominate the agenda on Capitol Hill, House Republicans are redoubling their efforts to make sure that the issue of job creation—which largely fueled their triumph last November—does not get lost in the mix. One day after they released a report making the case that less federal spending will boost the national economy, House Republican leaders hosted an hour-long forum on job creation Wednesday in the Capitol Visitors Center. Attending were several business owners, including the chief executive of a West Virginia construction company and the president of a bank in Laredo, Tex. In an interview, House Majority Leader Eric Cantor, R-Va., cast the event as an opportunity for business owners to tell Congress what they believe should be done to improve private-sector hiring.
TOKYO — Six days into the world’s worst nuclear emergency in 25 years, as the crisis at one of Japan’s damaged power plants worsened, the United States offered Wednesday night to evacuate family members of State Department and Pentagon officials from Tokyo while urging other Americans to stay at least 50 miles from the plant —four times the distance recommended by the Japanese government. The U.S. Embassy in Tokyo will remain open, under Secretary of State Patrick Kennedy said in Washington. The messages from American officials came on the heels of congressional testimony from Gregory Jaczko, chairman of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, who said that a deep pool holding uranium fuel at the Fukushima Dai-ichi facility sat empty of water needed to prevent releases of radiation.“And we believe that radiation levels are extremely high,” he added.
The March 16 story “The Lupe fiasco comes to an end” incorrectly stated that the band Carbon Leaf is based in North Carolina. They are actually from Richmond, Va. The Chronicle regrets the error.
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THURSDAY, MARCH 17, 2011 | 3
Taylor calls for reform of American higher education by Dana Kraushar THE CHRONICLE
The traditional university model may need more than a simple tune-up. In the final part of the “Re-imagining the Academy” lecture series, Mark Taylor, education critic and chair of the department of religion at Columbia University, stressed the need to build collaboration, innovation and “networks” in higher education. Taylor’s speech Wednesday at the Sanford School of Public Policy was the fifth the lecture series has presented. “Higher education in this country is in a state of crisis,” Taylor said in an interview with The Chronicle. He painted a bleak portrait of the state of American universities, emphasizing that they are unsustainable under the current model—“financially, curricularly and institutionally.” Opening his discussion by contextualizing higher education “historically, philosophically, socially, politically [and] economically,” Taylor went on to explain why the current university structure is outdated and in need of fundamental reform. He described philosopher Immanuel Kant’s university blueprint in the 18th century, drawing parallels between his proposals for peer review, specialization and departmental autonomy and current university policies. Despite these historic roots, Taylor said he did not believe the way we currently organize knowledge is “hard-wired.” Instead, he expressed the need to realign educational organizations with modern demands and infrastructure changes. “In the past 40 years, we have moved from an industrial model to a ‘network world’ that doesn’t operate that way,” Taylor said in an interview. He added that “we have to find better ways of understanding in this changing infrastructure” to better serve students and the greater community. In order to achieve these goals, Taylor called for greater focus on undergraduate teaching, increased use of technology in the classroom—especially teleconferencing among universities—and more interdisciplinary, problemoriented initiatives.
By these metrics, Duke appears to be headed in the right direction. Audience member Lee Baker, dean of academic affairs of Trinity College, said in an interview after the speech that Duke’s certificate programs are models for problem-based learning. “Duke is already leading in some of these areas, especially in our collaboration with [the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill] and also internationally,” he added. Taylor acknowledged that Duke’s initiatives are a start, but stressed that the changes must be “much larger.” He expects successful reform will have to be systemic and extensive, spanning entire departments and institutions. “Institutions are acting independently of each other— they have to cooperate instead of just compete,” Taylor said in an interview. “Only if a group of leading universities get together to discuss the issues and proposals might we see a change.” Meanwhile, many educators consider Taylor’s proposals to be quite radical, especially his call to end tenure and institute a mandatory retirement age for professors. In the past, his efforts to push through his reforms have been met with resistance from colleagues. In the 1990s, he founded the Global Education Network to bring high-quality technology to humanities, arts and sciences classrooms but was turned down by all but one university, including Duke. Taylor himself expresses little optimism for his proposals and the future of higher education. He privately said the probability of changes happening is “nil,” citing a base of “self indulgent” teachers, a “mania about ratings” among elite institutions and an insistence on outdated forms of literature such as dissertations, for which there is no longer a demand. He expressed particular frustration with the internal politics of faculty promotion in universities, particularly research institutions, which he believes “[measure] prestige in how little you teach.” The imbalance between research and undergraduate teaching is only one of many overlooked failures
within higher education, Taylor said, noting that only 15 to 18 percent of postsecondary students are in the 18 to 22-year-old age range, while the vast majority are “nontraditional” students who participate in continuing learning, often online. Taylor emphasized this statistic to show that our current conception of higher education as concentrated in a few elite universities is outdated, See education on page 9
victor kuo/The Chronicle
Mark Taylor, chair of the department of religion at Columbia University, speaks on the need for problem-based learning in higher education.
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4 | THURSDAY, MARCH 17, 2011 the chronicle
“It has been such a rewarding privilege to tutor these students and see them improving. I have made many friendships and have enjoyed playing a small part in their lives. I can’t believe we get paid to do what we do!”
Duke student government
Executive board election moved for NCAA finals by Anna Koelsch THE CHRONICLE
Duke Student Government postponed the election date of the DSG executive board by one day to avoid conflicting with the NCAA basketball championship. The election will now occur April 6. The election had been previously scheduled for April 5, the day after the April 4 championship game, which could potentially present a problem if
Duke fans are traveling back from Houston, Texas. “I don’t think we should have elections on days when probably 600 of [the students] who are very passionate about our school [cannot participate in the election],” said junior Isaac Mizrahi, a residential life and dining at-large senator, who proposed the statute. See dsg on page 9
-Justin Maynard, M.Div
Justin Maynard is a first year M. Div. student and has been tutoring with America Reads and Counts since the Fall semester began. He tutors at E.K. Powe and Forest View Elementary. Justin got involved with America Reads and Counts because he was seeking a work-study that would impact the community in a positive way. He is tutoring kindergartners to third graders. Justin hopes to do foreign relief work or become a hospital chaplain after he graduates.
The Duke Office of
Student Community Volunteer Programs
tyler seuc/The Chronicle
Duke Student Government members converse before their meeting Wednesday. The Senate voted last night to postpone the election for the DSG executive board to April 6.
THURSDAY, MARCH 17, 2011 | 5
Q&A with Sarah Cohen
Study shows recent immigrants require less medical care
by Yeshwanth Kandimalla THE CHRONICLE
Sarah Cohen, Knight professor of the practice of journalism and public policy, testified March 15 before the U.S. Senate Committee on the Judiciary as part of Sunshine Week, an annual nationwide initiative designed to draw attention to the importance of transparent government and freedom of information. Cohen worked as a writer and editor at The Washington Post for 15 years prior to joining Duke’s faculty. She won the 2002 Pulitzer Prize for Investigative Reporting for a series on Washington, D.C.’s child welfare system. The Chronicle’s Yeshwanth Kandimalla spoke with Cohen about her recent testimony and the broader issue of freedom of information. The Chronicle: What is the Freedom of Information Act, and what are the primary concerns surrounding it today? Sarah Cohen: The Freedom of Information Act is a federal law that is mirrored in most states. It says that when the government collects information... it’s really the public’s [information]. The reason is that the public pays taxes and it’s a democracy so everything in the government is our own. They use it to find out what government is doing both with our money and in our name. It’s a law that’s been around [since it was enacted in 1966], and it’s never worked very well. The main reason is that when you ask for something under the law, as a reporter or anybody else, you almost never get an answer—they stall or they can’t find anything or they decide that it’s not really available to the public. The Senate panel yesterday was a review under the auspices of Sunshine Week to look at how the Freedom of Information Act is working. TC: How responsive do you believe lawmakers and other government officials have been to this issue? SC: What tends to happen is that legislators are not subject to [the act]—only the executive branch is subject to [it]. [Legislators] tend to be very supportive of open government and they do believe in democracy... but they’re also torn. For instance, one of the things I mentioned in my testimony is that contractors don’t like the public being able to see the details of the contracts they sign with government—so legislators are torn. Do
by Fei Chen
we help the contractors keep what they think should be confidential secrets or do we let the public know exactly where their money is going? Still it tends to be that Congress and legislators are reasonably supportive of [the act]... [President Barack Obama] has been, in at least what he says, extremely supportive of open records and transparency—it was one of his big campaign promises. It’s much harder to implement than just support.... The last administration of President [George W.] Bush was not as supportive of it—he was known for having kept a lot [of information] secret.
Mexican-American immigrants who are more integrated into American culture were found to be less healthy and to require more medical resources than more recent immigrants, a recent study that included Duke researchers found. The study noted that in 2008 there were nearly 38 million immigrants living in the United States. Mexican immigrants are the largest sub-group and comprise one-third of those who immigrated to the U.S. between 1990 and 2000. Although the immigrants appear healthy when they arrive in the United States, their health deteriorates over time as they integrate, especially in the case of men. Relying on data from the 1998-2007 National Health Interview Survey, the findings contradict the popular belief that recent immigrants are a drain on the U.S. health care system and a burden to taxpayers, said coauthor Patrick Krueger, assistant professor at the University of Colorado Denver. “What we typically see in literature is that actually Mexicans that come into the United States are in better health than comparable individuals in the United States and use less health care,” Krueger said. The study’s focus on gender was intended to address a gap in academic literature, the study’s abstract noted. One part of the researchers’ explanation of gender differences was that women—who usually assume caretaker roles and are more likely to be in contact with doctors for their children or elderly family members—are more aware of their health ailments.
See cohen on page 7
See immigrants on page 8
courtesy of Duke News
Sarah Cohen, Knight professor of the practice of journalism and public policy, holds that freedom of information is integral to democracy.
CAPS StreSS MAnAgeMent SerieS How does stress impact you?
How do your thinking tendencies influence how much stress you face?
How does your approach to your emotions relate to stress?
This 3-session CAPS Workshop offers helpful information to help you understand stress and learn to manage it to your advantage. Friday March 18
the Body of Stress: Understanding the Physiology and Psychology of Stress Friday March 25
i think i’m Stressed: How Your thinking Style relates to Stress Friday April 1
emotional rescue: Avoid Feeling Overwhelmed by Stress Visit the CAPS Website for More Information and to Register http://www.studentaffairs.duke.edu/caps
6 | THURSDAY, MARCH 17, 2011 the chronicle
Japan residents unhappy Mexico confirms use with slow reaction time of drones in drug war By Andrew Higgins The Washington Post
ISHINOMAKI, Japan â€” With city hall under water, phones dead and his superiors tending to their own private agonies, Chikara Abe faced a bureaucrat's nightmare: "Everything is in chaos. I don't get any orders," said the local government official. Fed up with waiting for instructions, Abe offered his services to a group of teachers who have stepped in to help fill a void left by the breakdown of one of the world's most capable and usually omnipresent government bureaucracies. Since a 9.0 magnitude quake Friday, Japan's machinery of state has been swamped by a cascade of crises: a tsunami that wiped towns and village off the map; an out-of-control nuclear power plant that has put the entire country on edge; and shortages of food, power and gasoline that have confronted the northern part of one of Asia's richest nations with the miseries of the world's paupers. Authorities have hardly been idle. But in places such as Ishinomaki , a town on Japan's northeast coast now half-submerged in water, many are asking what happened to the country's much-vaunted flare for organization. Unlike victims of earthquakes in Haiti, Indonesia or China, those suffering in Japan expect their government to work and can't understand why a country as affluent as their own can't keep gasoline, the lifeblood of a modern economy, flowing and why towns across the northeast have been plunged into frigid darkness for five days. "I never expected anything like this in modern Japan. It is like fiction," said Yutaka Iwawawa, a 25-year-old forklift operator. With the first floor of his house under water, he and his family huddle on the second floor. They go to bed as soon as the sun goes down because it is too cold and damp to do anything else. The military, which has mobilized 100,000 soldiers for relief work, delivers water in stricken areas, hunts for bodies and has flown risky missions to dump water on a nuclear power plant belching radioactive smoke. In Ishinomaki, soldiers operate from a baseball stadium on dry land. But the state, overwhelmed by problems, has abdicated some of its most basic duties, some say. "The government is not doing anything. They are not present here," said Akase Hiroyuki, the principal of Ishinomaki's Nakazato Primary School. Along with 20 of his teaching
staff, he runs a shelter for 1,200 people left homeless and hungry by the tsunami. Classrooms serve as dormitories and the school's gymnasium has become a fooddistribution center. When Emperor Akihito made a rare television address on Wednesday, his soothing words were not heard in Ishinomaki: No one has watched TV since power failed on Friday. Foreign governments and charities have pledged money and sent a few rescue teams to Japan, but fear of exposure to radiation and uncertainty over what they can accomplish has limited their role. A German medical aid group pulled out after barely 24 hours in Japan. China has trumpeted the work of a 15-man rescue team it sent on Sunday to assist its former archenemy and current rival. The U.S. Marine Corps made its own highly publicized but minuscule contribution Wednesday: It delivered a few pallets of bottled of water. What riles Japanese, though, is the inability of their own government to get a grip on the scale of a disaster that has left about 450,000 people without homes, killed still-uncounted thousands and snatched away the certainties by which tens of millions had lived their lives. Masayoshi Funabasama, a civil engineer who lives near Ishinomaki in an area undamaged by the tsunami, fumed at official assurances that there is no need for alarm. He got up before dawn to go hunting for gasoline. "Things may look normal, but I can assure you nothing is normal," he said. "We have no fuel, no water, no food, and we have children to take care of." At the refugee center at Ishinomaki's primary school, Abe, the government worker in search of orders and also order, has been put to work at a registration desk for survivors seeking shelter. It posts their names on blackboards - a vital service for people who are looking for lost family and friends. "To be honest, I don't do much," he said."The teachers are doing most of the work." Katsuyoshi Hiyasaka, a scrap-metal worker, took shelter at the school with his wife, a cleaner, after their house was flooded. He is still wearing the work uniform he had on when he fled. His workplace has vanished beneath the muddy lake that covers the town center. Asked what officials are doing to help, he laughed and said: "I've been looking for them but I haven't seen them yet."
Feeling anxious? Worried? Afraid of being overwhelmed?
Meditations of the Heart Supporting Practices of Mindfulness Part of the Mindfulness Workshop Series Offered by CAPS Using mindfulness practice and guided meditations focused on learning skillful states to help you live a life more free of these frightened and uncomfortable states. There will be 4 sessions for this workshop, and attendance is required at all four sessions.
Mondays, March 21,28, April 4 and 11 5:15 to 6:30 PM For more information and to register, visit the CAPS website at http://studentaffairs.duke.edu/caps and click on Workshops and Discussions
By Mary Beth Sheridan The Washington Post
The Mexican government confirmed Wednesday that it had authorized the use of U.S. drones to collect intelligence on several occasions, a new sign of the two countries' intensifying cooperation against the drug cartels threatening Mexico. The statement from Mexico's presidential office said the drones had been requested for "specific occasions and events" and had been operated under the supervision of its government. But until now, the flights were secret, apparently out of concern about a possible backlash in Mexico. Mexican politicians and the public have historically been highly sensitive to U.S. involvement in the country. The use of the drones was first reported by the New York Times, which said the Pentagon began sending high-altitude, unarmed drones deep into Mexico last month. The Mexican government statement did not specify which U.S. agency was running the drones, and presidential spokesman Alejandro Poire did not return a call for comment. The U.S. government has flown drones on the American side of the border for years. American officials have publicly hinted that the United States shares information from those flights with Mexico. Those drones are operated by the Department of Homeland Security. On Wednesday, asked about the latest disclosure, one senior U.S. official said: "It's been a process of cooperation over
time, and so some suggestion that this is 10 days old wouldn't be accurate." The official spoke on the condition of anonymity because of the sensitivity of the matter. The Pentagon referred calls to the Mexican government. The U.S. and Mexican governments have rapidly expanded their cooperation in recent years against cartels that have been waging a ferocious war for control of drug markets and routes in Mexico. More than 35,000 people have been killed since President Felipe Calderon launched a military offensive against the cartels in 2006. Some Mexican opposition politicians lashed out at the government for the secret drone flights. "There are constitutional regulations that have to do with Mexican airspace," Rosario Green, a former foreign minister and a senator from the Institutional Revolutionary Party, told the newspaper Reforma. "If there is nothing to hide, why not debate it in Congress, which at the end of the day has a lot to do with maintaining our national sovereignty?" The Mexican government statement said the U.S. drone assistance was particularly sought in operations in the border area. When the drones were operating in Mexico, "the establishment of the objectives, the information to collect, and the specific tasks to carry out have been under the control of Mexican authorities," the statement said. Poire said in an interview with Mexico's See drones on page 8
THURSDAY, MARCH 17, 2011 | 7
cohen from page 5 TC: How does your work as a journalist influence your perspective on this topic? SC: One of the things that happens as a reporter... is that somebody tells you about something or you observe something and you want to know more about it. For instance, when I was working on stories about the quality of drinking water in D.C., we wanted to know what the Environmental Protection Agency knows about the quality of water. We filed a Freedom of Information Act request to get not only Washington’s results but also results of other cities so we could see whether or not what was happening in Washington was unusual. That’s really common, and I’ve used it quite a bit in terms of looking at Homeland Security grants... if you want to know what the government is paying for or what the government is doing, which is a primarily role of public affairs journalists. TC: As a professor of journalism, how do you incorporate this topic in the material that you present to students? SC: In the ethics in journalism class I teach, we have a whole day on the idea of open government and transparency and its role in journalism, as well as the tension between keeping secrets that have to be kept and the concept of open gov-
Pate from page 1 His results have already been successful. Pate said there were 796 cases of polio in 2008 and only 21 cases in 2010. This year, there has been only one reported case as of March, according to data collected by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Pate used the disease statistics—which also showed a reduction in measles and meningitis among other diseases—to get increased funding for his immunization programs. “We used the polio [immunization] deliberately to establish credibility in order for us to go beyond polio,” he said, adding that the organization will receive nearly $100 million from external sources throughout the next two years. Community engagement is central to Pate’s efforts to increase the immunization rate. The director encour-
ernment. In the other classes that I teach—which are halfway between journalism and public policy—I try to get students to obtain records under the Freedom of Information Act. So far it’s not been very successful, but it’s a good lesson. TC: Do you believe that most college students are wellinformed about the Freedom of Information Act and public information in general? SC: No, I really don’t. I’m hoping that our classes are improving that. But, for instance... not just at Duke but at a lot of places... I will ask, ‘Have you ever heard of the Freedom of Information Act?’ and a very small number of people will say they’ve heard of it. In many of the journalism schools... there might be one or two classes that emphasize it but not that much. Journalists seem to learn about it a lot more in practice and not so much in schools. TC: What about college students compared to the American public as a whole? SC: Probably about the same—it’s not a big issue to a lot of people. I think in the last presidential election, maybe in reaction to the [Bush] administration, transparency became a big buzzword. In fact, it was really interesting because last year I first asked my students what federal issue they wanted to focus on. About three or four out of 12 said transparency.... It was the first time I have ever heard about anyone caring about government transparency. It had be-
come a buzzword in the last campaign, but it has kind of dropped off the radar in some ways. TC: In light of globalization, is it important that other governments around the world increase access to information? Have there been significant strides in transparency around the world? SC: It’s really interesting to see how other countries have started adopting something that was really quite unique to the United States. In India, for instance, there was a recent freedom of information act passed and... it has changed the lives of a lot of people in villages and towns who are now able to find out where the money they were supposed to get [actually] went. They’re using it just as citizens to identify corruption. Most of the new emerging democracies in Eastern Europe have a freedom of information act now. In South America there have been a lot of changes in access to open records. But you have to have a government before you pass it, so Egypt and Libya might be a little premature. Just very recently, [Western democracies] have implemented a freedom of information act. I think it has to do with the unique form of democracy in this country. We’re the ones that started the idea of direct ownership of government by the people. In places that have older governments, it hasn’t emerged as... a very fundamental part of democracy—now it’s starting to emerge there.
aged local governments in high-risk communities to work together to showcase films—called majigi—that educate people about immunizations’ effectiveness. “There is a significantly higher [immunization] coverage of children where we show the majigi films,” he said. “We then took it further to reach the hardest-toreach communities and used motor vehicles to reach villages where the only [government] service available was immunization.” In October 2009 the NPHDA also devised the Midwife Service Scheme, hiring 4,000 midwives and deploying them to nearly 1,000 primary health care facilities around the country in order to provide them with a more trustworthy health care image in the minds of locals. The organization also sent 1,000 health care workers to rural areas as well as renovated and restocked 400 primary health facilities whose medical supplies had run low. Ufuoma Akoroda, Medicine ’12, said she was impressed
with Pate’s work. “I’m definitely motivated toward trying to impact global health after [this presentation]. I’m from Nigeria, and it’s nice to know that work is being done,” she said. “Once I’m done with the experience and training here, I can go back [and help] as well.” Geelea Seaford, assistant director for communication for the Duke Global Health Institute, said she hoped students would be inspired by Pate’s words. “[Hopefully], when [students] leave, they’ll have motivation to develop—not just to sit and listen to an interesting lecture, but to engage and inspire people to do more and act,” she said. When asked about his future plans, Pate replied, “I can not predict the future, but we’ve built our system on an agenda instead of management, so I am very confident that with continued commitment, [the NPHDA] will show even more tremendous results.”
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8 | THURSDAY, MARCH 17, 2011 the chronicle
immigrants from page 5 Among Mexican-Americans who recently immigrated, women often appear to have more negative health issues. Women are more familiar with their medical problems than men, so they sometimes appear to be sicker when surveyed, said co-author Jen’nan Read, associate professor of sociology and global health at Duke. “Men say to the survey that they don’t have all these ailments, but they are just less aware,” Read said. “Over time, men start going to the doctor more.” For immigrants, there are often financial, linguistic and logistical barriers to accessing care. Read said that oftentimes recent immigrants are busy trying to establish their lives and do not have the time or resources to learn to maneuver a complicated and expensive health care system. In order to close the health gap between men and women, Read said increased usage of the health care system is important, especially at the early stag-
es of an illness. She warned that men are going to the doctor too late and argued that it would be less costly for the public to treat ailments early on.
“Men say to the survey that they don’t have these ailments, but they are just less aware.” — Jen’nan Read, associate professor of sociology and global heath “In reality, once it gets to the end stage, you can’t deny health care,” Read said. “We’re paying anyway. It’s going to cost money. It’s a lot cheaper and more humane to treat people early.” Read concluded that the public in general—but immigrants in particular—need to be educated on how and when to utilize the health care system.
Become a fan of The Chronicle on Facebook at facebook.com/dukechronicle
housing from page 1 and able to choose from two-bedroom suites and four-person apartments during RoomPix Thursday night, Williams added. There are no restrictions on class years of roommate pairs, though groups selecting three-bedroom apartments are limited to a block consisting of one samegender roommate pair and one mixed gender pair. Campus Council voted unanimously Oct. 21 to recommend the gender-neutral option to RLHS after a survey about the policy was sent to the student body. The majority of the students who took the survey either agreed with or were impartial to the gender-neutral housing policy, according to the Campus Council presentation given in October. Blue Devils United President Ollie Wilson, a junior, said he thinks the University’s strides to provide more accommodating housing arrangements for students is a good start to a program he hopes will expand in the future. “Having more options, especially in the housing model, is always a good thing,” he said. “Everyone is different, and there are people with different needs or preferences.” Wasiolek added that the University is “approaching gender-neutral housing in the right way.” Locating the housing option on a small part of Central for its inaugural year will al-
drones from page 6 Radio Formula that the intelligence gathered by the drones had contributed to the arrest of drug lords. The Times story said a U.S. Homeland Security drone had helped Mexi-
low the University to be sensitive and aware of what students want in the future, she noted. Williams said although students have been “very receptive” to the new housing option, RLHS has received several questions about whether the program will remain opt-in only and if it would be extended to East Campus. RLHS also encouraged students who plan to participate in genderneutral housing to have a discussion with their parent or guardian about their housing choice, she added. In addition, RLHS is offering co-ed housing space—defined as same-sex roommate pairs living next to pairs of the opposite gender—on West Campus. These rooms will be available during the single-room and double-room selection windows of RoomPix and offer single-sex bathrooms, though some sections offer bathrooms without gender designation. This co-ed housing option, formerly referred to as gender-neutral, was established three years ago to accommodate transgender students, Williams said. Campus Council also recommended its continuation in October. RLHS will not know the number of students selecting co-ed housing until the completion of RoomPix, Williams noted. Students desiring to live in co-ed housing will be accommodated on the third floor of Kilgo Quadrangle’s Houses O and P, the basement of Few Quadrangle’s Houses GG and HH and the fourth floor of Keohane Quadrangle 4B, she added. can authorities locate several suspects in the slaying last month of Jaime Zapata, a U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement agent. Matthew Chandler, a Homeland Security spokesman, declined to comment, citing the ongoing investigation into Zapata's slaying.
volume 13 issue 24 march 17, 2011
P U O R G N A M E U L B
Blue Man Group brings their multi-dimensional stage show to DPAC
NATE GLENCER/The chronicle
composerâ€™s new piece premiered by Kronos and DP
Wu-Tangâ€™s finest drops a new solo record sans RZA
John Slattery in a fedora, but not Mad Men
theSANDBOX. There’s not too terribly much one has to do to become a pop star these days. All you really need is an easily defined image (Ke$ha = wasted! Justin Bieber = looks like a girl!), a catchy tune and an extremely strange music video. Seriously, though, about the last requirement. If it’s not crazy, you’re just wasting your time. I’m not talking edgy, people. This is beyond edgy. Here lie monsters. Let’s take Ke$ha’s single, “Blow.” Unicorn people, a bra-wearing James Van Der Beek, the deadliest of rainbow laser fights—have I mentioned the edible lactose gold that is Muenster cheese? It all leaves me wondering if they scraped off Ke$ha’s usual layer of makeup, glitter and assorted chemicals (she actually looks somewhat clean in this video!) and snorted it before filming. For another lovely demonstration, Lady Gaga’s new song, “Born This Way,” has a fairly normal music video (for her) if you completely ignore the opening. If
you don’t, you are treated to her giving birth to herself (I think) as well as to a very large gun. This may be the manifesto of mother monster, but I don’t want to see it again. Ever. This is not necessarily a bad thing. The craziness is nothing if not entertaining. But I worry. I worry because these videos are getting so weird that I feel like eventually they’re going to effect our brains. We already have Bieber Fever. Now, I’ve got to worry about sexually attractive unicorns (oh, did I forget to mention that a unicorn rocks Ke$ha’s world?). Where will it all end? When will the music industry finally say, “Well, that was enough acid and ‘shrooms for us. Let’s take it down a notch”? I don’t think anyone knows. But now that we have “Friday” on our hands, maybe the best thing is to just give up and have a fun fun fun fun fun fun time. —Christina Malliris
[recesseditors] St. Patty’s Day! Kevin Lincoln............................................................half-Jewish, part-Irish, all class Lisa Du................................................................................................GREEN HEAT Ross Green...............................................................RG dropping a holidy dubstep Andrew O’Rourke.............................................................................token Irishman Sanette Tanaka..............................................................................being a good host Nate Glencer................................................................looking for leprechauns brb Lindsey Rupp................................................................grasshopper cake nomnom
Saturday, March 19 7:30pm Sheafer Theater Bryan Center Duke University
March 17, 2011
Everyone loves lists. Fact. Why do you think XXL, a magazine that fights for eyeballs with hiphop blogs like NahRight and 2DopeBoyz and HipHopDX and WorldStarHipHop for most of every year, is on to their fourth annual Freshmen grouping of the annum’s best new rappers? Because people love lists. Anyway, this year’s crop was increased from 10 rappers to 11 because, apparently, the recession is over. Hooray! But this year’s crop still has the same filler that last year’s did, along with the same few guys who you can really get excited about. Flash back to last year. “A New Breed of Hustlers,” they called them, and a few hustled pretty hard. J. Cole’s star continues to rise, justly; Wiz Khalifa provided the Super Bowl’s theme song; and right now, there are few LPs more anticipated than Freddie Gibbs’. But guys like Donnis and OJ da Juiceman prove the specious nature of putting together rosters like this: Usually, you’re going to have to dig deep. Part of the whole deal with making this year an 11-person crew was that supposedly, no deep digging proved necessary, and all these guys couldn’t be denied. Somehow, I doubt it. From the first two cyphers—8 out of the 11 have rapped so far, with Big K.R.I.T., Meek Mill and Fred the Godson still to come—and what else I’ve heard, at least half these guys have a long, long way to go. YG (C+) has a syrupy, sneering flow that’s actually intriguing, but he’s got a one-trick pony thing going at the same time. Mac Miller (D) couldn’t be less exciting, and in the cypher, he tries to push the pace but just
ends up tripping all over himself. Plus, he says nothing. Kendrick Lamar (D+) is similar, and he goes on for way way too long. Lil Twist (C-) and Diggy Simmons (C) are both equally undistinguished, and indistinguishable, but not without promise. The good thing: This crop is top-heavy. Alabama native Yelawolf, who’s already dropped one strong mixtape and a couple blistering singles, leads the pack, and his cypher performance is straight-A fearsome. It’s kind of weird to see him listed as a freshman, actually—he’s so far beyond the others at this point. The same can be said for Big K.R.I.T., and the first two singles from his upcoming record are a promising continuation of his thick, stuttering Southern rap. Friends fight friends all across the country over Lil B the Based God (B+), but I’m a believer; his maniac stream-of-consciousness rhymes bring something different, and he’s proven a level of consistency. And Cyhi’s got confidence, technique and enough style to hold his own on Kanye’s record, so naturally he’s fine here. I haven’t heard anything from Meek and Fred, which means I’ll reserve judgment. As a whole, the crop’s about on par with last year, which means we’ve got another 12 months of economic mediocrity to look forward to. *** Speaking of rap, guess what’s not rap? The new Lupe Fiasco album. In Recess’ firstever podcast, music editor Ross Green and I discuss Lasers. We’ve excerpted the discussion in the paper this week, but be sure to go to dukechronicle.com/recess to listen to the rest of our conversation in advance of the man himself performing at Duke March 31. A brief teaser: I hope the concert is better than the album. —Kevin Lincoln
on sacred ground: stravinsky’s rite of spring
SATURDAY, MARCH 26 8PM REYNOLDS THEATER GET TICKETS
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March 17, 2011
Kronos premieres Steve Reich’s WTC 9/11 by Kevin Lincoln THE CHRONICLE
There are two years that are important in the saga of composer Steve Reich’s WTC 9/11, which will be premiered this Saturday by Kronos Quartet during a concert hosted by Duke Performances. In 1973, Reich first conceived of joining pre-recorded voices harmonically by lengthening the last vowel or consonant sound, but at that time lacked the technology to do so. In 2001, the World Trade Center—which stood only four blocks from a loft Reich’s family inhabited for 25 years— was attacked. Eight years later, when David Harrington, the leader of the new music ensemble Kronos Quartet, asked Reich for another piece involving sampled voice, Reich decided to use recordings from Sept. 11 to create his composition and applied the now-possible technique he had long considered. “Using speech as a source of ‘taped’ music or ‘electronic’ music was to me much more interesting then using oscillators or synthesizers because there’s human content there; there’s human meaning there; and there’s a musical richness in sound far beyond any oscillators or synthesizers,” Reich said. Along with WTC 9/11, Kronos will play their full catalog of pieces commissioned by Reich, including the quartets Different Trains, Triple Quartet and selections from opera The Cave, following a residency that begins tonight with a conversation at the Pinhook. Different Trains, Triple Quartet and now WTC 9/11 all share a common genre that Reich has worked in exclusively with Kronos: that of the string quartet, performing live along with recorded sounds and voices. In creating these works, Reich notated the voices for string accompaniment, creating a link between the imported world of the recordings and the actual stage performance. “The way that I’ve done this for 25 years now is to link the documentary material and the musical material and give a stamp of authenticity to the music that would otherwise be impossible,” Reich said. Different Trains, which was first performed by Kronos in 1988, parallels the cross-country train rides Reich took between his divorced parents as a child with those of Jewish Holocaust victims. As a Jew, Reich knew that had he grown up in Europe rather than the U.S., he could have suffered a much different fate. To create that documentary relation, Reich used the voices of his nanny as well as Holocaust survivors, among others, as basis and content for the piece. Similarly, WTC 9/11 takes in the first movement the voices of NORAD traffic controllers and FDNY firefighters from the day of the attack. In the second and third movements, Reich uses interviews from 2010 with residents of his neighborhood, emergency workers and women who presided over bodies as part of the Jewish obligation of Shmira, as well as a cellist and cantor from a NYC synagogue. Shmira comes from the belief that the soul hovers over the body until burial, Reich said, and in his piece, “WTC” stands not only for “World Trade Center” but also “World To Come.” Reich’s first collaboration with Kronos was Different Trains, and Reich spoke highly of Kronos founder and violinist David Harrington, who reached out to the composer at first. “They have become a string quartet, which is one of the oldest and most traditional of western musical vehicles, and they are also like a rock group, and that’s an incredible accomplishment,” Reich said. “David Harrington’s intensity of dedication to every project the Kronos Quartet gets involved in is a force to be contended with.” Discussing his motivations for first contacting Reich, Harrington said he sought out the unique collaborations that Reich could offer the quartet. “Out of the more than 700 pieces written for Kronos, the common denominator in every one of the new pieces is that the person might be able to make something distinctive and totally unique. That’s what really led me to Steve in the first place,” Harrington said. “[With Different Trains], there was going to be something in our music that had never been there before.” Reich said Kronos’ bow marks were integrated into the written notation of the pieces, so significant was the group to their development. He also placed a high value on the sonic gravity of the quartet as a necessity for creating works like Different Trains and WTC 9/11. And Harrington had a similar regard for the value and impact of Reich on Kronos. See kronos on page 8
special to The Chronicle
Kronos Quartet will perform the entirety of the work they’ve done with Steve Reich, including a new quartet, WTC 9/11. The new piece uses prerecorded voices from both the day of the attacks and interviews Reich did in 2010.
March 17, 2011
u s p t h DPA g i l C p u
B lu e Man G
by Sanette Tanaka THE CHRONICLE
Cameron Crazies are not the only ones painting themselves blue this spring. From March 15-20, the three performers of Blue Man Group, dressed in black and covered with blue grease paint, light up the Durham Performing Arts Center in a comedic, theatrical spectacle complete with animated dancers and a satirical rock show. The show marks the first Blue Man Group Megastar World Tour to travel North America. Blue Man Group juxtaposes comedy, theater and live music in a sensational high-energy experience without uttering a single spoken word. The three characters rely on gag jokes, innuendo and audience participation to draw laughs. They account for their lack of speaking with impeccably timed head tilts, stares and nods. Flowing seamlessly from one to another, the series of skits and musical numbers is set against the backdrop of a full LED curtain and a high-resolution screen, introducing a modern element to the absurd. From the onset, the performers shatter the fourth wall that separates the audience from the stage by using the overhead marquees as their personal soapboxes. (“Please refrain from texting. It makes the older people feel inadequate. Tweeting, however, is okay.”) The Blue Men continue to harass the audience by tossing candy, giving out original paint splatter works, soliciting volunteers and requesting all to stand and join the dance party. The musical pieces are a feast for the eyes as well as the ears. In one scene, the Blue Men perform techno renditions of Beethoven’s “Fur Elise” and Lady Gaga’s “Bad Romance” using an illuminated vibraphone. In another, they fill a set of drums with pink and yellow paint, which shoots up into the air every time a mallet strikes the drums. The show touches on themes such as the advent of technology and the increasing self-isolation of human beings by emphasizing the absurdity of some modern gadgets. Several pieces center on three six-foot “GiPads,” a clever play on Apple’s iPad revolution. A quick scroll through the three GiPads reveals features such as “Twit that Lit!”—which gives one-liner summaries of classics— and a multitasking how-to guide. After the introduction, the Blue Men proceed to digitize themselves by leaping behind the GiPads and creating virtual backbeats, or soundtracks to their lives. The social commentary combined with an over-the-top presentation make these skits some of the most memorable of the night. The final number requires a bit of physical exertion on the audience’s part, as the Blue Men politely request viewers to perform staple rock concert moves such as the “one-armed first pump” and “two-armed upper thrust with yell” against a backdrop of color and pounding music. Strobe lights, jets of streamers and ten floating globes fill the theater space, suggesting that even if some loneliness does exist in this world, we can always get up and dance. Blue Man Group runs through March 20 at the Durham Performing Arts Center. For tickets, showtimes and other information, visit dpacnc.com.
March 17, 2011
Recess contemplates Lupe’s fiasco of an album
lupe fiasco lasers atlantic
In light of Lupe Fiasco’s upcoming March 31 performance at Duke, Recess Editor Kevin Lincoln and Music Editor Ross Green discussed Lupe’s recent release, Lasers. To hear the full podcast of their conversation, go to dukechronicle.com/recess. The following talk has been edited for brevity and clarity. KL: First up, I think we can both can agree on the fact that this is not a rap album. RG: Yeah, not really. It’s hard to say how much of this is actually coming from Lupe himself and how much is coming from this being his major-label debut. Sonically, there’s very little resemblance to his past works, to The Cool, which a lot of critics considered one of the better albums of 2008 [ed. note: The Cool was released in 2007]. One of Lupe’s strengths that he’s been able to showcase in his career, up to now, is that he’s a rapper’s rapper. He loves the art form, he’s very clever—you will see a lot of wordplay, a lot of puns. What’s happened here, I gather, is that all of his idiosyncrasies, all of the unique wordplay that he brought has been toned down and neutered. As a result, this is an album that doesn’t really sound that much like Lupe—it just sounds bland. KL: Right off the bat, you get this from the first track, “Letting Go,” which has this completely energy-devoid chorus by someone named Sarah Green, who I’m not familiar with. And it’s produced by King David, who produces a lot of other tracks on this album—and brings these disco strings that should be banned from music. The raps are clumsy, the rhyme schemes are really simple. The only thing Lupe ever bothers to rhyme is the last word of a line. He’s got these nonsensical rhymes—“The world is so cold/I’m glad I got these skis”—it all seems to be a vehicle for these pop songs, but they’re not even interesting pop songs. They’re eight bars of Lupe rapping, eight bars of chorus. That’s my overall impression of the album. RG: It’s lazier, less engaging rapping than we’ve ever heard from him. One thing I’m interested to see is how he will tour behind this album, and to what extent he will rely on older material. KL: The clearest archetype for this album is the B.O.B. record, Adventures of Bobby Ray. B.O.B. was this vaunted mixtape rapper, and a guy who was thought of as having pretty good chops, and then he delivered this album where he sings with Rivers Cuomo and does all these poppy things. I personally thought it was a disaster, but it did really well commercially—and the Lupe album has done really well commercially. RG: I hate to say this, but what comes to mind is Lil Wayne’s Rebirth, which was an absolute career low-point for him, and it makes you wonder how much longer Lupe’s major-label engagement will last. KL: There is just... no swag on this album, there is no confidence on Lasers— RG: Kevin loves to use the word “swag.” KL: I do like the word “swag.” But Lasers is not fun, which is weird for a pop album. It’s depressing. So, star rating, out of five, what would you give? RG: We don’t do half-stars, so I’d give it a 2. KL: I’d give it a one. One out of five.
shaolin vs. wu-tang ice h20
Dissent lurks in the ranks of the WuTang Clan. On 2007’s 8 Diagrams, the last full-ensemble Wu effort, ringleader and producer RZA tinkered considerably with the group’s established formula, pushing their signature sound toward a string-laden, acid-washed funk that Raekwon disavowed as too “hip-hop hippie.” Compounding the directional shift was the release date: RZA scheduled 8 Diagrams to drop just a week after Ghostface Killah’s solo effort Big Doe Rehab. Ghostface was conspicuously absent from the group album, phoning in verses on just two tracks and publicly announcing his displeasure with RZA. Since 8 Diagrams, Raekwon has put his name on three proper albums, to which RZA has contributed a scant three production credits. With Shaolin vs. Wu-Tang, he’s been shut out entirely. Ironically, the Wu-Tang’s in-fighting probably brought Shaolin closer to the vintage, 36 Chambersera Wu than it would have come under RZA’s direction. Stand-in producers like Scram Jones (“Last Train to Scotland”) and Bronze Nazareth (“Butter Knives”) hew
world premiere: wtc 9/11
SATURDAY, MARCH 19 8PM PAGE AUDITORIUM Free & Open tO the public Artist-in-residence events: steve reich & david harrington: in conversation moderated by Prof. Stephen Jaffe Thursday, March 17, 6:30 pm, The Pinhook Bar (117 W. Main St.) Steve Reich on his Pulitzer Prize-winning composition Double Sextet moderated by Prof. John Supko Friday, March 18, 12 pm, Bone Hall, Biddle Music Building, Duke’s East Campus Kronos Quartet: Open rehearsal of Lament for the Imagined a new quartet for Kronos by Duke PhD. candidate composer David K. Garner Friday, March 18, 7 pm, The Duke Coffeehouse in Crowell Hall, Duke’s East Campus
the adjustment bureau dir. george nolfi universal pictures
Typically in sci-fi, if even one detail is inconsistent within the invented universe, the film’s credibility falls to bits. Luckily, The Adjustment Bureau is driven more by romance than by its often ridiculous details. The story begins when a promising young congressman, David Norris (Matt Damon), loses the race for Senate and retreats to the men’s bathroom to practice his concession speech. There, he has a chance encounter with a charming and inspiring ballerina, Elsie Sellas (Emily Blunt), with whom he shares an electric kiss before she flees. From that moment forward, a swarm of men working for a higher power—whose reasoning even they don’t understand—traverse time and space to keep the two apart. When Norris discovers these fedora-clad villains, seeing behind a curtain that he shouldn’t even know exists, he is told he can no longer
March 17, 2011
pretty closely to the boom-bap insistence that RZA pioneered on the Wu-Tang Clan’s early releases. Method Man and Ghostface are all over this album, as are samples from the titular Gordon Liu film. One could call it a back-to-basics effort, but really the Chef has never left his roots very far behind. Raekwon isn’t straying too far from his comfort zone lyrically, either, but that’s never been a bad thing. Compared to the sweeping, Pyrex-fueled nightmare Only Built 4 Cuban Linx Pt. II, Shaolin practically floats along; apart from gigantic misstep “Rock and Roll,” no track exceeds five minutes in length, and most are under three. From the self-mythologizing “Snake Pond” to the choppy, rapid-fire “Every Soldier in the Hood,” Rae’s witticisms and percussive delivery carry the day. By comparison, big-name guests Rick Ross and Nas sound pedestrian. Bizarrely, the Chef’s internalization of Wu-Tang style and mythology stands not only as another stellar solo album, but as homage to RZA—who, after all, was the one who gave street cred to kung-fu films and nicknamed Staten Island “Shaolin” in the first place. When artists as prolific and talented as Raekwon and RZA work together for as long as they have, friction is inevitable. What should not be overlooked is the gritty brilliance each continue to churn out. —Ross Green
see Elsie—their meeting was not part of the Plan. Norris finds the beautiful stranger intoxicating, though, and he simply can’t forget her. Richardson (John Slattery), Harry Mitchell (Anthony Mackie) and the pair’s superior, Thompson (Terence Stamp), use magical notebooks to track Norris’ actions and crisscross through the city by means of enchanted doorways to stop the couple from reuniting. Although the details are silly—for example, you only have to don a hat, any hat, to access the Bureau’s door network—the audience will be so enveloped by the burning on-screen chemistry that they will forgive these hiccups, wanting David and Elsie to forgo their destinies and find their fairy-tale ending. The Adjustment Bureau proposes a new twist on the classic “free will” vs. “fate” dilemma, humanizing the debate by examining the choice between happiness and potential for greatness through Damon and Blunt’s romance. Whether or not you buy into the sci-fi aspect of the film, it reminds you that sometimes the choice is worth the fight. —Arielle Silverman
March 17, 2011
DAC shows work of two local photojournalists by Ashley Taylor THE CHRONICLE
The newest exhibit at the Durham Arts Council pushes photojournalism to another level. Displayed in the DAC’s Allenton and Semans Galleries, Beyond the Deadlines features the work of two award-winning photographers at the Independent Weekly, D.L. Anderson and Jeremy Lange. Lange has worked at the Independent since 2007 and Anderson since 2005, and both have done freelance work since the early 2000s. Though the photographers differ in style, their combined works give viewers an unorthodox glimpse into the realm of photojournalism. Plans for Beyond the Deadlines began in July 2010 when Barclay McConnell, manager of artist services for the DAC, contacted Anderson about exhibiting his work in the upcoming months. She said she had been very impressed by his series When the Dust Settles, which consists of various images of renovated tobacco warehouses in the area. Anderson then suggested doing a collaborative effort with his colleague. “They had been thinking for ages that they wanted to do a show that was retrospective of their work they had been doing in the Triangle area,” McConnell said. “It was phenomenal that our work sort of intersected.... We were seeking a show to take up two galleries, and they already had a whole show in mind before we even approached them.” The gallery opening this Friday will be one of the biggest in the history of the DAC due to a strong marketing plan, McConnell said. She noted that the photographers’ connection with the Independent was instrumental in financing the advertisements. McConnell expects more than 1,000 people to attend. The exhibit aims to encourage people to appreciate the works as high art rather than simply glance over them as an accompaniment to a news story. “We put a considerable amount of time into the photos we take,” Anderson said. “When they’re in the newspaper, you watch people leaf through it in a matter of two seconds, and you wish they could just spend a little more time.” Both photographers said they hope that their collaboration will showcase the missions of modern photojournalists. In the exhibit, Anderson and Lange tend not to focus on a particular style, but instead allow viewers to develop their own interpretations of the photos. “We hope [the photos] convey something... but it’s not really our job to tell you what to think,” Anderson said. “We tell you who took them and what’s in the picture, but we believe in the power of photography enough that the photos should speak for themselves.” The contrasting styles of each artist increases their joint appeal. Both Anderson and Lange commented on the healthy competition that comes from having similar employment histories. The two trade off months of working at the Independent and working freelance. “The exhibition gives us an opportunity to see how this personal development in competition has played out,” Lange said.
special to The Chronicle
Both photographers for the Independent Weekly, D.L. Anderson and Jeremy Lange will both have work displayed as a part of the Durham Arts Council’s Beyond the Deadlines, showing at their Allenton and Semans Galleries.
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April 1–2 Woyzeck on the Highveld – Handspring Puppet Company 5 St. Petersburg Philharmonic Orchestra 12–13 BeijingDance/LDTX 14 Bach and Beyond – Jennifer Koh, violin 19 Tony Allen’s Afrobeat Orchestra 21 Branford Marsalis, saxophone, with the North Carolina Jazz Repertory Orchestra Showing at UNC’s Memorial Hall. Visit website for full season offerings.
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SHOWS AT DISCO RODEO (Raleigh): APRIL 17: MIKE POSNER**($15/$18) MAY 4: INTERPOL w/ School Of Seven Bells**($25/$28)
Beyond the Deadlines will be on display in the Durham Arts Council’s Allenton and Semans Galleries through May 15. The public is invited to the artists’ reception March 18 from 5 to 7 p.m.
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APRIL ‘11: 1 FR: WXYC 80S DANCE 2 SA:PAINS OF BEING PURE AT HEART w/ Twin Shadow** 3 SU: EASY STAR ALL-STARS w/ THE GREEN**($15/$17) 6 WE: BLACK LIPS **($12/$14) 7 TH: DESTROYER w/ The War On Drugs**($13/$15) 9 SA: DR DOG**($16/$18) 10 SU: J MASCIS w/ Kurt Vile**(16/$18) 12 TU: THE BOOKS**($18/$22) 13 WE: THE OLD 97s, Teddy Thompson **($18/$20) 14 TH: CITIZEN COPE solo **($25/$28) 15 FR: MOUNT MORIAH Album Release Party 16 SA: RAVEONETTES w/ Tamaryn**($15/$17) 18 MO: BRITISH SEA POWER**($12/$14) Cat’s Cradle 21 TH: BIG KRIT, FREDDIE GIBBS** is at: 23 SA: YACHT**($12/$15) 300 E. Main St Carrboro 26 TU: YELLE**($18/$20) 27510 29 FR: PETER, BJORN & JOHN**($15/$18) 919 967 9053 30 SA: YOUNG DRO, Killer Mike, Pac Div Show At Local 506: 3/18: MICHAEL SHOWALTER**
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Woyzeck on the Highveld – Handspring Puppet Company Apr 1–2
BeijingDance/LDTX Apr 12–13
Nederlands Dans Theater Mar 29–30
Order tickets online or at the Box Office, (919) 843-3333 M–F 10am – 6pm
kronos from page 3 “When we started playing [Different Trains] in concert, all of a sudden we needed our own sound engineer.... Kronos became a quintet,” Harrington said. “What’s happened is the palette of musical colors and musical possibilities, and the kind of information that can be a part of a concert now, has just exploded, and you have to trace that back to Different Trains.” With the upcoming Kronos concert, Duke Performances provides an opportunity to see this two-decade long collaboration played out in one evening, Director of Duke Performances Aaron Greenwald said. He added that WTC 9/11 could have premiered at any of the other co-commissioners, which include Carnegie Hall. But WTC 9/11’s significance goes beyond any mention of individuals or musical history, reaching back to the event of its namesake that influenced countless people around the world. “The sonic exploration that [Reich] made of that event is staggering,” Harrington said. “In fifteen minutes [the length of WTC 9/11], you really do have so many feelings, and for those people that remember [Sept. 11], it takes you back there and in some way or another, I believes, transforms that event.” Kronos Quartet performing Steve Reich, including the world premiere of WTC 9/11, will take place Saturday, March 19 at 8 p.m. in Page Auditorium. Tickets can be purchased for $52, $42 or $24 by the general public and $5 by Duke students at the Duke Box Office or tickets.duke. edu. Kronos and Reich will also have a residency starting tonight up until the performance. For more information, visit dukeperformances.duke. edu.
March 17, 2011
Going Beyond the Deadlines
special to The Chronicle
Beyond the Deadlines is expected to be one of the Durham Arts Council’s most attended events in their history, with 1,000 visitors anticipated over the course of the exhibit. One of the aims is to give viewers an opportunity to consider images apart from the original stories they accompanied.
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the chronicle THURSDAY, MARCH 17, 2011 | 9
CLASSIFIEDS RESEARCH STUDIES
Participants are needed for studies of visual and hearing function using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). These studies are conducted at the Brain Imaging and Analysis Center (BIAC) at Duke University Medical Center. Participants should be 18 years old or older and should have no history of brain injury or disease. Most studies last between 1-2 hours, and participants are paid approximately $20/hr. Please contact the BIAC volunteer coordinator at 681-9344 or volunteer@ biac.duke.edu for additional information. You can also visit our website at www.biac.duke.edu.
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RESEARCH ASSISTANT - The Behavioral Medicine Program at Duke University Medical Center is seeking full time research assistants for NIH-sponsored clinical trials beginning on or before May 16, 2011. Responsibilities include patient recruitment, psychometric testing, and data entry. Applicant must be selfmotivated, detail-oriented, and have excellent organizational and communication skills. Qualifications: B.A. or B.S. in Psychology, Biology, Pre-Med, or related field. Previous experience and knowledge of Access and Excel preferred. To apply, please email resume, references, and cover letter to James Blumenthal, Blume003@mc.duke.edu or fax to (919) 684-8629.
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Mizrahi said attending last year’s championship game against Butler University in Indianapolis, Ind. was “one of the most amazing experiences of [his] Duke career.” He added that students running for DSG president, executive vice president or for one of the vice president positions would be unable to attend this year’s championship game if the measure did not pass. After approving the statute, members knocked on wood as a symbol of good luck for the men’s basketball team. In other business: The Senate confirmed two at-large senators—sophomore Rohan Taneja and freshman Katherine Zhang—for the new Residential Life and Dining Committee. Eight other at-large senators were confirmed for the committee at DSG’s meeting March 3. The committee was formed after students approved the merger between Campus Council and DSG. Additionally, DSG President Mike Lefevre, a senior, said he represented the University on a trip to Russia during Spring Break. The excursion was funded
education from page 3 Come work for the Chronicle! Creative Dept. Summer + Fall. Freshmen strongly encouraged to apply. e-mail Barb Starbuck at firstname.lastname@example.org
and he added that schools like Duke must reevaluate their role in the greater academic community. “We have to think systemically about how to cooperate with schools that are less fortunate,” he said. He added that he worries about the inequitable distribution of wealth within institutions of higher education, noting the massive budget cuts in the California and Penn-
by the Russian government and brought 15 student government presidents from universities across the United States to meet Russian government officials and businessmen. “I knew very little about the country, and now I [can] speak three words about it,” Lefevre said with a chuckle. Certain members of DSG’s Executive Board also revealed their future plans for their roles within the organization. Executive Vice President Pete Schork, a junior, announced that he is planning to run for DSG president and sophomore Gurdane Bhutani, current vice president for student affairs, said he will run for executive vice president. Both sophomore Chris Brown, vice president for athletics and campus services, and junior Ubong Akpaninyie, vice president for Durham and regional affairs, said they hope to gain a cabinet position next year. The Senate tabled a statute to allocate $2,600 from the Surplus Account Trustee Fund for massage therapists during reading period in April. Although freshman Frank Lee, an athletics and campus services senator, highlighted the “proven medicinal benefits” of massage therapy in his statute, the Senate tabled it by a vote of 25-21. sylvania state school systems. “For those of us at elite institutions, it may not look like the sky is falling,” Taylor said. “But for many institutions, it is.” Donna Lisker, associate dean for undergraduate education who helped bring Taylor to campus, said his remarks were instrumental for “helping us broaden our view... in thinking of education as a whole.” “We’re certainly thinking about innovation in education,” Lisker said. “Whether we’d use this blueprint or one of our own, it’s hard to say.”
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10 | THURSDAY, MARCH 17, 2011 the chronicle commentaries
Incorporate iPad selectively Since unveiling the iPad, iPad’s colorful and interactive Apple has sold nearly 15 mil- surface can vividly bring to life lion units—89 of those were otherwise normal coursework. purchased through the Duke Lucic’s course encourages stuDigital Initiative last Fall for dents to develop and program loan to students and faculty. their own applications for moThe iPad has bile devices. recently found One can editorial its way into the imagine experclassroom as well. Professor imenting with the magic of Richard Lucic has integrated the iPad in a variety of other iPads into the curriculum for fields as well. Biology students his computer science course, expand and rotate a molecule and other faculty members with a single touch. Art histomay soon follow suit. With the ry students zoom to view the release of the iPad 2 and the tiny detail of a painting. Math emergence of dozens of com- students play around with peting tablet models, it is an graphical functions in threeappropriate time to examine dimensional space. The posthe role of new technologies sibilities are tantalizing. on campus. When it comes to perThere is considerable po- sonal use, the iPad is already tential for the iPad at Duke for quite popular, as the devices both academics and personal are frequently checked out use. In the classroom, the from the Link, and many stu-
yeah, so if Erwin Park holds 5,000, what happens if a good deal of these tickets are sold to non-Dukies? be interesting to see how parking and crowd control work. —“t10d13” commenting on the editorial “Lupe concert will test Central.” See more at www.dukechronicle.com.
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dents already own tablets. To better integrate existing iPad technology, the University should learn from its existing successes, including DukeMobile, the widespread Duke application for Apple products, and Froshlife, a digital video competition that acquaints numerous freshmen with filmmaking technology every year. Such demanddriven initiatives are popular and provide natural opportunities to use new technology in innovative ways. The University should not repeat with the iPad what it mistakenly did in years past with the iPod—heavy-handedly force a new technology down the throats of students and faculty. In 2004, Duke launched a program to give each incoming freshman an
iPod, hoping that they would be used in the classroom. Not surprisingly, few students used their free iPod for academic purposes. The failed experiment, which amounted to a publicity stunt, cost Duke about $500,000. Wholly top-down initiatives to spur new technology use, such as the iPod program, do not work. The administration must think carefully about the advantages and disadvantages of a new device. For example, the iPod is primarily meant for audio and has few functions beyond that. The iPad may have more potential but it still presents problems. The slow typing capability actually makes written coursework more difficult. Its inability to anno-
tate texts is a huge drawback. Furthermore, many software programs and electronic textbooks are currently incompatible with the iPad. And iPads can, of course, be distracting. The iPad is not a substitute for the laptop. An initiative similar to the 2004 iPod program would certainly fail. Instead, the University should look for ways to encourage the use of new technologies in innovative but appropriate ways. This includes using the iPad selectively in classes where it enhances the learning experience and in student-driven programs outside of the classroom. The iPad may well be a game-changer in education technology, but it is a change that must occur naturally and thoughtfully.
Let’s talk about sex... toys
adies and gentlemen, f***saws. They teach these ridiculous notions that sex is an evil, deyou when writing for a newspaper to always praved, godless bit of devil worship. Also, maybe grab the reader’s attention in the first line. we could stop overlooking actual news stories Despite the little asterisks that I assume will re- about unrest in the Middle East and our flounplace the second, third, and fourth dering economy, instead focusletters of that oh-so-amazing word, ing on junk stories that only I think I done grabbed y’all’s attenyour great grandmother and the tion. Yes, I’m talking about a recipChurch of Jesus Christ of Latterrocating saw with you can guess what Day Saints would care about. on the top. If you haven’t heard of Don’t get me wrong; Miley the contraption, then you probably Cyrus is still a piece of trash. But can’t afford it. the fact that America, a nation Well, actually, it’s 169 bucks onthat boasts the classic piece of cinline, so a lot of Duke students defi- david rothschild ematic art “The Flavor Of Love,” nitely can afford it, but that’s not no one said otherwise is so offended by what went down the point. The reason I bring it up in an optional demonstration on is because renowned Northwestern sexual fetishes is a bit ridiculous. University psychology professor and author, May I also remind you that the demonstration John Michael Bailey, recently used one in a live was in a famously off-color Human Sexuality demonstration for his popular Human Sexuality course, where students were explicitly warned of class. No, not on himself. He brought in a non- the graphic nature in advance? student demonstrator and her partner, and, Seriously, look at the Billboard charts: we’ve according to The Daily Northwestern, had her got Rihanna coming in with a song called “repeatedly sexually stimulated” in front of the “S&M,” a follow up to her last single which optional class session. If only I could print those asked if the “rude boy was big enough,” and words more often in this column. After much soon after that Katy Perry wants to be “fill[ed] media attention, Bailey and the University pub- ...with your poison” and abducted. Ladies licly apologized, but it brings up everyone’s fa- and gentlemen, for the love of God, Ke$ha is vorite lingering issue of “political correctness” a household name! How can we pretend that and challenges the definition of decency even sexuality is so scary and foreign, when that in an academic setting. Do I also hear the bell of lady/thing is around? “sexuality and gender issues” tolling? When you get down to it, a live sex toy demWhatever you think about this story, we can onstration for a class of college kids is probably agree on one thing: Our society is so g-darn unnecessary. We’ve got Internet porn for that. backward and confused when it comes to sexu- Was a live sex toy demonstration for a class of ality. When college athletes are suspended from college kids worthy of national news coverage their teams for having consensual sex with their for a week? No. Was Karen Owen’s “Powhoregirlfriends, but Kobe Bryant and Ben Roethlis- point” worthy of the three weeks of gender berger FatHead posters hang in kids’ bedrooms, psychologist interviews on the real news? Not I start scratching my head. When sports stars and a chance. God invented penises, and God inHollywood “icons” with four kids out of wedlock vented vaginas, and then we somehow ended up by the time they’re 25 are idolized, you know with crazy people who are scared of them. Maywe’ve got a couple things wrong. And how the be God didn’t say anything about reciprocating Brigham Young University Honor Code Office saws used in sex play, but he did say, “Go forth found out about Brandon Davies’ boudoir is a and multiply,” and dammit, that’s just what we’re whole different kind of screwy. Now, I’m hardly doing. Sorry BYU, but that’s just what Brandon the family values columnist here at The Chron, Davies was doing, and now you cost yourselves a I’m just saying we need to make up our minds. Sweet 16 game. We can do one of two things. On one hand, There’s no lack of depravity in American sowe Americans can shove our heads back up our ciety, let alone on a college campus, but can we collective patooties and return to a time before really still be shocked by sex? Seriously, let’s all the sexual revolution; a time when women were grow up and get it off the news so we can pay treated as objects and kept out of top jobs… attention to what’s really important: Charlie well, at least it would be a return for everyone Sheen. outside of fraternities and Wall Street. Option number two, however, would be to accept sexuDavid Rothschild is a Trinity Junior. His column ality as a part of our society. We can throw off runs every other Thursday.
Of morals, PR and Duke
t’s not clear what would constitute a campus-wide moral problem. What is clear is that much of the ongoing talk about morality at Duke has surprisingly little to do with direct concerns about the moral life of students on this campus. It’s cliched even to reiterate it, but moralizing about the lives of Duke students has become a cottage industry both on and off this campus. Has anyone anywhere used the terms “Duke culture” or “Duke social life” in connor southard a non-derogatory way at any dead poet point in the last 10 years? What we all know, of course, is that Duke has exactly the same basic problems that nearly all college campuses have. Go ahead and make your own list of what you take to be our widespread “moral” problems, and then make a flow chart showing the degrees of separation between all of them and beers whose names end in “Light.” There’s a lot of cheap beer at other colleges, too. Q.E.D. Still, the national media coverage that attended a few incidents last semester made it official: For arbitrary reasons, Duke has become a whipping boy for all that is perceived to be wrong with “social life” (sigh) at America’s colleges. It’s hard to be glad about it, but we can handle it. Start worrying when we draw fewer than 29,000 applications for admission. But the fact that Caitlin Flanagan needs to make a living doesn’t do much to explain all of the bluster here on campus. Rather, the sheer volume and repetitiveness of Duke’s internal moralizing is partly explained by how commonly we confuse debates about public relations with debates about substantive morality. President Brodhead’s November 15 letter to students, for instance, laid out a moral program—predictably, he urged us to drink less. It was unfortunate that he seemed to equate students thinking for themselves with students thinking like him, but you couldn’t have accused Brodhead’s letter of moral neutrality. But, far from claiming that the student body was somehow suffering from mass immorality, Brodhead’s letter asserted that Duke had fallen victim to a “wildly distorted image.” In other words, our image didn’t reflect our reality, and that was a serious problem in its own right. Hmm... On January 9 of this year, Larry Moneta and Athletic Director Kevin White sent an e-mail titled “K-Ville 2011” to students, in which they stated, “We anticipate that we will have much more national media attention than ever, and that everything we do will be scrutinized under the national media microscope.” This was a primary reason why we were urged to continue “conducting life in K-Ville in just the right way.” In her Young Trustee application, Michelle Sohn stated that “the Duke Brand is the third most important initiative the Board will face,” and adds, “It has been an exceedingly difficult few years for Duke in terms of public relations. For every breakthrough in research and service engagement Duke has made, it seems that scandal has quickly followed.” Sohn has a point: At the time of her writing, Duke had recently suffered from a spate of apparent “scandals.” But, what the Victorians knew, and what we had a chance to find out, is that a scandal is mostly in the eye of the beholder. Brodhead may have long believed that “we have too much drinking on this campus,” but he picked an interesting time to say it in a way that he knew would attract attention. Moneta and White might have sent out a joint e-mail about K-Ville even in the absence of that looming “media telescope,” but that reference and an injunction to obey Duke’s rules about “alcohol and safety” are the only concrete assertions grounding an otherwise vague e-mail. Brodhead, Moneta, Sohn and White imply that the way to keep prominent (not that notoriety ever equals moral authority, by the way) national critics off Duke’s case is to convince outsiders that Duke students are acting in what Moneta and White call “just the right way.” In formulations like these, the substance of our morality— the actual rightness or wrongness of what we do or don’t do, however you want to calculate it—takes a back seat to how moral we’re perceived to be. That may or may not be a good set of priorities. But it does show that, when Duke appears to be engaged in a debate about values, we might, in fact, be talking about little more than the tone of the pieces The New York Times is running about us. Connor Southard is a Trinity junior. His column runs every other Thursday.
THURSDAY, MARCH 17, 2011 | 11
lettertotheeditor We are all primates Chimpanzees can’t talk, but if they could, what would they say about the photo titled “Monkey business” in the March 16 issue of The Chronicle? Well, some chimpanzees actually can talk, but their communication consists mainly of requests, such as, “Food, food, more” or “Tickle, hurry.” (This interspecies communication comes from the few apes who know American Sign Language or use coded “lexigrams” to convey their wants.) But if chimps were more loquacious, they would probably note that they are not, in fact, monkeys. As the saying goes, chimpanzees eat monkeys. This semantic error may seem trivial. But it is this kind of error that perpetuates our ignorance, not only about what it means to be a human, but also about other species and the threats to biodiversity and our environment.
So let me clear a few things up. Chimpanzees are apes, along with bonobos, humans, gorillas, orangutans and gibbons. Apes don’t have tails. Monkeys have tails. All apes (besides humans) are endangered, mainly due to deforestation and hunting caused by human overpopulation. The threats facing nonhuman apes are inextricably linked to the threats facing other species including humans (think poverty, lack of health, global climate change, etc.). Duke is a leader in sustainability, global health, law, genetics and more. Let us connect these issues to issues of biodiversity. And let us remember that every Duke student, faculty member and staff member is an ape, and that is a reason to be proud. Aaron Sandel Associate in Research, Evolutionary Anthropology
The sun also rises
ast week, Japan sustained its most power- necessarily a statement: The war remains the single ful earthquake ever. A cataclysmic one-two greatest tragedy on the national conscience. Kan is punch—an earth-shattering quake followed by the leader of a political system that most Japanese a destructive tsunami—has destroyed have lost faith in, and he needs to be the homes, cars and daily routines of a Churchill-like figure to bring Japan hundreds of thousands of people and through this current calamity and put left the nation reeling. Lives, dreams it on a road toward renewed prosperand futures were literally washed away. ity. He finds himself surrounded by a The pictures are apocalyptic, the stosea of troubles but may be in a better ries absolutely mind-numbing. Japan position to change things than many may very well develop a “Lost Generaof his predecessors. tion.” In the wake of the earthquake paul horak There was a lot of doom and gloom and tsunami, there is only one interin Japan even before this most recent est group in the spotlight in Japan the road ahead catastrophe. Last year, the country was now—the one that wants Japan to be surpassed by China as the world’s secwhole again, to be great again—and ond largest economy, a distinction it held for four everyone adheres to it: Naoto Kan, despite his dry decades and was hoping to shed for first place, not personality and unrelenting obstinacy, is the leader third. In fact, during their heyday in the 1980s, the of that interest group. A man who puts policy over Japanese (and Americans, too) fully expected Japan personality (rare in Japanese politics), Kan has some to surpass the United States in economic output, good ideas about how to get Japan back on the road but bad politics got in the way. A political malaise, to prosperity, and he has the resilience and will to followed by economic stagnation, has made for 20 see that they are put into practice. Cleaning up the years of hopelessness bordering on tragedy. damaged nuclear reactors and devastated areas is just Few people understand how tough the past two part of his job now. He must also work to make Japan decades have been for the Japanese. In 1989, at the great again. height of its asset bubble, the plot of land housIt is naïve to think that the current crisis in Japan ing the Imperial Palace was reportedly worth more will silence the country’s many counter-productive than the state of California. Japanese were buying interest groups forever. When things return to norup property in Hawaii and California. Things were mal, there will undoubtedly be political squabbling great—and then the bubble burst. After years of again. Scandals may surface, and there is always the half-hearted bailouts and ubiquitous political scan- possibility that the current leadership steps down. dals, the country amassed tremendous debts and But it is also naïve to think that when Japan returns saw no growth. The Japanese stock index, Nikkei, is to normalcy there will be no change in its outlook. at a quarter of its 1989 high, people float in and out This disaster is different than the Kobe earthquake of employment, the country owes twice as much as that wracked Japan in 1995: It is more global, more it produces, and too few people are born to support visceral and more destructive. the ballooning elderly population. The current disaster has affected Tokyo, a truly The problem in the 1990s was destructive poli- international city at the heart of Japan’s economy, tics. In his book “The Rise and Decline of Nations,” where all the most important policymakers are. It has late American economist Mancur Olson frames the triggered a nuclear calamity that harks back to Aubuildup of small interest groups as problematic. Be- gust 1945 and Japan’s darkest hour. It has touched cause politics is local, he says, these small interest the hearts of millions in Japan and countless more groups can procure small favors from their politi- around the world, who have shared in the horror but cians but at a substantial cost to society. This same who will also share in the great test of human resolve political “atherosclerosis” (as one New York Times and inevitable strengthening of the human spirit. review of his book called it) in Japan has made the After World War II, Japan was absolutely devastatsystem almost unworkable and people have begun ed, but it rose again. There was a general idea about to despair. Japanese politics is notorious for pork- where the country wanted to go and how to get there. barreled corruption, embarrassing funding scandals The Japanese were able to thrive through sacrifice, and countless ugly exits: There hasn’t been a whole resourcefulness and outstanding resilience. lot to believe in as of late. These may be dark times, but the sun has not set Now, two “Lost Decades” later, the country is con- on Japan. fronted with what its Prime Minister Naoto Kan has called its greatest crisis since World War II. When Paul Horak is a Trinity sophomore. His column runs any Japanese invokes the Second World War, it is every other Thursday.
Visit bigblog.dukechronicle.com. I dare you.
12 | THURSDAY, MARCH 17, 2011 the chronicle
Diversions Shoe Chris Cassatt and Gary Brookins
Dilbert Scott Adams
Doonesbury Garry Trudeau
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Ink Pen Phil Dunlap
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THURSDAY March 17, 2011
In an editorial, Grant Hill responded to Jalen Rose’s controversial statements Check out our yearly NCAA Tournament supplement, on newsstands now!
Duke looks to top rival again Kimel takes Blue Devils haven’t lost in 200th career win Chapel Hill since 2003 by Andrew Beaton
tyler seuc/Chronicle file photo
The last time North Carolina beat Duke in Chapel Hill was Mar. 19, 2003, when the two teams had different head coaches. Upon his arrival in 2006, John Danowski quickly established the Blue Devils as a powerhouse on No. 10 the road, while the Tar Heels UNC have only lost one game at home vs. since the hiring of Joe Breschi No. 15 in 2009, albeit to their Tobacco Duke Road rival. But when Duke heads down THURSDAY, 7 p.m. to Fetzer Field at 7 p.m. tonight, Chapel Hill, N.C. Danowksi insists you can throw out all that history. “This year we haven’t been very good [on the road], and the past is really of no relationship to this team,” Danowski said. “This is different because it’s just a quick bus trip, but we do treat it like any other away game… we just try to keep it as normal as possible.” During Danowski’s tenure as head coach, the No. 15 Blue Devils have a 12-2 record in true road games, but one of those losses came this season to Pennsylvania on Feb. 26. The last time the two teams met was in the quarterfinals of last year’s NCAA Tournament, when Duke (4-2, 1-0 in the ACC) prevailed in a lopsided 17-9 victory. The teams split the season series last year, with the No. 10 Tar Heels (5-1, 0-0) coming out on top in the regular season matchup in Durham. “I think [both teams] are younger, we both return some really good players, but we’re both younger and trying to
The Blue Devils used seven unanswered goals in the first half to cruise past Virginia Tech 18-8 Wednesday at Koskinen Stadium and earn head coach Kerstin Kimel her 200th career victory. Led by Christie Kaestner’s sevDUKE 18 en points, No. 5 Duke (7-1, 1-1 in the ACC) dominated both sides 8 VT of the ball for its fourth consecutive victory in what Kimel called one of the Blue Devils best performances of the season. “I’m really proud of our girls,” said Kimel, now just the 10th coach in Division I history to win 200 games. “I think it’s the closest full game we’ve put together from one end to the other.” The Hokies (6-3, 1-1) drew first blood just a minute into the game with a goal from Jessica Nonn, but within the next 41 seconds, the Blue Devils had regained the lead with goals from Amanda Jones and Emma Hamm and never looked back. A 7-0 run shortly after put to rest any doubt of the outcome, as Duke controlled possession and dictated the pace of the game. Junior Kat Thomas scored three goals during the decisive stretch, and the Blue Devils appeared to score with ease during the first half. “I think we did a really good job working together as a team,” said Thomas, who finished with a team-leading four goals. “Our attack was great and there were lots of feeds, which is always fun to see. Lots of people were scoring, so we’re very excited about that.” Eleven different Blue Devils got on the score sheet, as Jones finished with three goals while Hamm added five points. Overall, Duke outshot the Hokies 38-to-20, an advantage Kimel attributed to the Blue Devils’ ability to
See m. lacrosse on page 14
See w. lacrosse on page 14
Duke hasn’t lost in Chapel Hill since 2003, but head coach John Danowski says this year’s Duke team needs to improve on the road.
by Steven Slywka
Marconcini hits first career home run in win by Alex Young THE CHRONICLE
A career-high five RBI at the plate Tuesday. A career-high six strikeouts on the mound yesterday. It’s been a good week to be Joe DUKE 4 Pedevillano. The junior CHAR 1 southpaw, who drove in five in Tuesday’s 11-3 win over N.C. Central, notched a win in his first pitching appearance since May 14, 2009, throwing three and one-third scoreless innings as the Blue Devils defeated Charlotte 4-1 Wednesday night at Jack Coombs Field. “I definitely wanted to get Joe in there,” Duke head coach Sean McNally said. “He’s pitched for us in the past and hasn’t pitched all year. I didn’t expect to throw him three and a third. I felt like he’d go an inning or so, maybe two, but
he just got better and better. Sometimes you want to try not to over-manage. I left him out there, and he was terrific.” Fellow junior lefty Eric Pfisterer started for Duke (15-4) but was on a short leash. McNally spread out the innings so that Pfisterer would still be available over the weekend. He went three, striking out one and walking two, before Mark Lumpa came in to start the fourth. The Blue Devils got on the board early when David Perkins led off with a walk and came around to score on a wild pitch by the 49ers’ starter Micah Bryan. It was the only run of the game until Charlotte (12-5) took advantage off a Dennis O’Grady error to push across its only run to tie it up in the sixth. McNally pulled Lumpa—who scattered two hits over two and two-thirds while striking out one—for Pedevillano chris dall/The Chronicle
See baseball on page 14
Freshman Chris Marconcini hit the first home run of his career to open up Duke’s lead over Charlotte.
14 | THURSDAY, MARCH 17, 2011 the chronicle
M. Lacrosse from page 13
w. lacrosse from page 13
figure out who we are,” Danowski said. “They return a really nice nucleus, and they added some really terrific young players.” One of the main pieces returning is Ryan Flanagan, who earned Co-National Defenseman of the Year honors last season. Flanagan led the team in caused turnovers last year and joins new goalkeeper and junior transfer Matt Holman in shoring up a solid defensive unit. Holman’s brother, Marcus, is a sophomore attackman who leads North Carolina with 13 goals this season. Flanagan and Holman are tasked with containing an emerging Blue Devil offense that has scored 41 goals in its last three games, after scoring only 10 in its prior two contests. Danowski credits some of the improvement to personnel adjustments, notably moving Jordan Wolf and Christian Walsh to attack. “We’re constantly tweaking, trying to figure out what’s best for this particular team at this particular year,” Danowski said. “Another part is just getting to play games together. Young teams need to play and need experience.” Leading the production is Zach Howell, who leads Duke with 17 goals. His 2.83 goals per game rank sixth best in Division I. Whereas the Blue Devils already have one conference victory under their belt after defeating Maryland last week, the matchup tomorrow kicks off ACC play for the Tar Heels. “These games create great excitement. You come to Duke to play North Carolina,” Danowski said. “Since North Carolina represents great lacrosse and you respect their program so much, you want to measure yourself—are you good enough to compete with North Carolina?”
control possession. “I think our ability to win the draw is huge because that’s a possession, and we want to be able to maximize that,” Kimel said. “We have the ability to control games more than we were doing, and this tonight is a really great step in that direction.” As a result of their extensive time on the ball, the Blue Devils never allowed Virginia Tech to find a rhythm on offense. After jumping out to a 13-5 lead at halftime, the Duke defense held the Hokies scoreless for over 25 minutes in the second half and completely shut down the reigning ACC offensive player of the
week, Allie Emala. Emala, the Hokies’ leading scorer, didn’t find the back of the net until the final minute of the game. “I thought we made great stops defensively,” Kimel said. “We wanted to feel like we controlled the game, and I think we did that in great fashion.” Goalie Mollie Mackler followed up her career-best day against Georgetown last week with another solid performance, allowing only five goals on 12 shots. Maintaining that level of play defensively will be crucial, according to Kimel. “One of our major goals as a team this year is to be consistent because consistency breeds confidence,” she said. “That’s a huge point of emphasis for us this year, and I’m hopeful we can turn around and do it again.”
margie truwit/Chronicle file photo
Kerstin Kimel won the 200th game of her career, becoming only the 10th coach to accomplish that feat.
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baseball from page 13 later in the inning with two outs and the leading run on second. Pedevillano floated a curveball by the next hitter to end the threat. Junior Will Piwnica-Worms put Duke back on top with a sacrifice fly in the seventh before Chris Marconcini broke the game open with a two-run, opposite-field home run in the eighth. It was the freshman’s first career home run and Duke’s third of the season. “That was a huge spot,” McNally said. “2-1 versus 4-1 is a totally different game. [49ers pitcher Brian Hamilton] had a good fastball and Chris didn’t try to do too much, just put a good swing on it. We needed it.” Marconcini’s hot hitting, 1.019 onbase plus slugging, was just one trend to continue Wednesday. Jeff Kremer reached base twice with a single and a walk, adding to his .506 on-base percentage. Meanwhile the freshman bats continued to lead the way with six of the team’s seven hits. Charlotte came into the game off a 7-1 defeat at Wake Forest but still sported a strong season. The 49ers entered the game with a 2.10 team earned run average, .315 team batting average and had outscored their opponents 128-49. Duke will now travel to Clemson this weekend for its second ACC series of the season. “It’s going to be an experience for us freshman,” Marconcini said. “It’s going to be packed, it’s going to be loud and it’s going to be fun. Coach has prepared us really well for the ACC, and we’re all pumped for it.”
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The Body of Stress This 3-part workshop offers skills and insights into how to effectively manage your stress. From knowing the physiology, to modifying thinking patterns, to relating emotionally, this workshop not only helps you reduce harmful stress—it adds life wisdom.
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Global Cafe Are you interested in learning about a new culture? Meeting people from around the world? Global Café is a weekly informal gathering that brings together members of the Duke community - students, international scholars, exchange students. Held every Friday from 9-10 am at the International House. Come join old friends or make new ones over FREE coffee, tea, and pastries! studentaffairs.duke.edu/ihouse/global-cafe-0
Internship Spotlight Series Come to the Career Center’s Internship Spotlight Series to hear from fellow students who have had fantastic summer experiences in a wide range of career fields. Expand your knowledge of the kinds of internships available and the many successful strategies for obtaining them. Career Center staff will moderate these casual, conversational panel discussions. All questions are welcome. Next discussion will take place on 3/22 at 7 pm in the Center for Multicultural Affairs. studentaffairs.duke.edu/career/events
Japan Relief and Recovery Duke has placed a full-country restriction on travel to Japan. All Duke students who were in Japan at the time of the initial earthquake are accounted for and safe. Arrangements are being made for these students to return to the US. Our attention as a community now turns to helping those in need, both here and abroad. A clearinghouse page for activities, resources and announcements related to Japan relief and recovery is online at http://japanrelief.duke.edu. It contains information about relief organizations active in the region, campus resources for students in need, relief-related events, and a community listserv. Whatever your level of involvement or interest, we encourage you to start here. http://japanrelief.duke.edu
studentaffairs.duke.edu/events Self-Assessment Series for Graduate Students: Review Your Strong & MBTI Career Reports 3/17, 12-1:30 pm, Smith Warehouse, Bay 6 (Classroom B177, 1st floor)
Shabbat with Jewish Life at Duke Reform & Conservative Services and Benenson Family Shabbat Dinner 3/18, 6:15-8:15 pm, Freeman Center for Jewish Life
Career Corner in the Women’s Center 3/17, 2-5 pm, Women’s Center
Purim - Jewish Holiday 3/19-20, full schedule of Purim programs at www.studentaffairs.duke. edu/jewishlife
CLG: Managing Your Budget 3/17, 5-6:30 pm, International House Fireside Chats: Careers in Higher Education for Ph.D. Students with Dr. Tallman Trask III, Vice-PresidentTreasurer 3/17, 5-6 pm, Duke Graduate School (Conference Room 102) Global Café 3/18, 9-10 am, International House First-Year Fridays: Drop-In Advising Hours on East Campus 3/18, 1-3 pm, Career Center, Smith Warehouse, Bay 5, 2nd floor) The Body of Stress 3/18, 4-5:15 pm, Duke Student Wellness Center (Crowell 015)
Duke Student Think Tank Spring Symposium 3/19, 10:30 am-7 pm, Old Chem 116 Senior Job Search Lab 3/21, 5-6 pm, Allen 306 Ally Training 3/21, 5:30-8:30 pm, Center for LGBT Life (2 West Union Building) Maximize Your Career Fair Experience for Ph.D. Students 3/22, 12-1 pm, 201 Flowers Internship Spotlight: Marketing, Advertising, PR and Communications 3/22, 5-6 pm, Social Sciences 124 Intro to Careers in Nonprofits 3/23, 12:15-1:15 pm, Soc Sci 228 Groupon Information Session 3/23, 5-6 pm, Languages 109