The Chronicle T h e i n d e p e n d e n t d a i ly at D u k e U n i v e r s i t y
Wednedsay, December 8, 2010
ONE HUNDRED AND SIXTH YEAR, Issue 70
Panelists debate harm of WikiLeaks release Duke Med
‘doing the right thing’ by Julian Spector THE CHRONICLE
thanh-ha nguyen/The Chronicle
Duke hosted a discussion Tuesday to analyze whether the recent WikiLeaks disclosure of sensitive diplomatic cables will impact U.S. foreign relations. by Yeshwanth Kandimalla THE CHRONICLE
WikiLeaks has broad and potentially negative implications for the future of the United States—particularly with respect to foreign policy initiatives and the sharing of information with the public, a panel argued Tuesday afternoon. The University hosted a discussion concerning the recent release of more than 250,000 secret U.S. diplomatic cables by WikiLeaks, a non-profit media organization that publishes anony-
mous submissions of classified documents online. As WikiLeaks’ disclosures drawsboth praise and criticism around the world, the panelists drew from their professional backgrounds to analyze the organization’s effect on American foreign relations. The discussion included Phil Bennett, Eugene C. Patterson professor of the practice of journalism and public policy and former managing editor of The Washington Post, Peter Feaver, Alexander F. Hehmeyer professor of po-
litical science, and Patrick Duddy, the U.S. Department of State’s diplomat in residence at the Center for International Studies and former U.S. ambassador to Venezuela. Gilbert Merkx, vice provost for international affairs, moderated the discussion. Bennett opened commentary by comparing the situation to the leak of Pentagon papers in 1971, when a classified study of U.S. government See wikileaks on page 4
Brodhead voices support for DREAM Act from Staff Reports THE CHRONICLE
With the U.S. Senate expected to vote on a pro-immigration measure this week, President Richard Brodhead has expressed his support for the bill. Brodhead wrote a letter to N.C. Sen. Kay Hagan yesterday to ask that she support the Development, Relief and Education for Alien Minors Act. If passed, the bill would grant legal residential status to undocumented students who have met certain requirements, such as spending at least five years in the country before the legislation is passed. In his letter to Hagan, Brodhead noted that Richard Brodhead the DREAM Act would benefit Duke students who might be unable to find employment because of their documentation status. “Many were brought to this country as infants and only realized the extent of the limitations on their education and employment opportunities once they arrived at the collegiate level,” the letter reads. “It is good policy, and simply put, it is the right thing to do.” Both the House of Representatives and the Senate could vote on different versions of the bill today. The prospects of the legislation’s passing are not strong, however. Similar versions of the bill have been blocked by Republican opposition, and many Democrats have yet to take a public stand on the
Reid Carleton takes game to another level this season, Page 7
bill, with some opposing the legislation. For the bill to pass in the Senate, Democratic Majority Leader and Nev. Sen. Harry Reid will have to gain moderate Republican support to avoid the possibility of a filibuster. Hagan, a Democrat, has stated that she supports immigration reform but not the DREAM Act as a stand-alone bill—which is how Reid proposed the bill last week. Brodhead is one of many college representatives to take a stance on the immigration bill. Rutgers University president and the leaders of 11 New Jersey community colleges have recently expressed support for the bill. Among other universities, the chancellor of University of California, Los Angeles also recently supported the act. U.S. President Barack Obama has also supported the bill, which has seen multiple failures in Congress in the past. Most recently, a September version of the act that was attached to the repeal of the armed forces’ “don’t ask, don’t tell” policy did not pass. Reid has since presented the legislation as a stand-alone bill to take advantage of one of the last Democratically-led sessions of Congress. In requesting Hagan’s support, Brodhead acknowledged the “complex political situation” surrounding the DREAM Act. “Like you, I also hope for comprehensive, progressive and thoughtful immigration reform in the near future,” the letter states. “But I do not want the opportunity to pass this important piece of legislation to slip away.”
Panel of Duke professors discuss future role of China, Page 3
The raucous debate over health care legislation in 2009 brought issues of medical care and cost management to the national forefront. In Durham, Duke’s Division of Community Health has addressed the issues at a local level by crafting its own health care delivery system within the community. Since 2003, Duke’s Division of Community Health has partnered with the Lincoln Community Health Center in Durham in attempt to provide better, more informed primary health care by reaching out to the recipient communities. In doing so, DCH’s aim is to foster greater health in the community, which could reduce the need for expensive, uninsured emergency room visits. “The premise, really, is thinking about health care differently,” said DCH Division Chief Michelle Lyn. “What makes sense for people in the context of their lives—where they live, where they work, where they play? That can look very different from what we may think of in a traditional health care facility.” LCHC has provided Durham residents with a wide range of low-cost medical care since 1971. It is a Federally Qualified Health Center, which means it meets certain criteria to receive enhanced Medicare and Medicaid reimbursement. Requirements include providing for an underserved population and offering a sliding fee scale based on income—for example, See community on page 6
courtney douglas/The Chronicle
Duke’s Division of Community Health has partnered with community health centers to provide more complete primary care to area residents.
“You could not be studying for finals, but then you’d have a job.”
—Medical student Alex Fanaroff in “My own finals week.” See column page 11
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Mean Girls Study Break Few Quad HH, 8-10p.m. Team Kenan and the Ethics Certificate Program are presenting a study break with free food and a viewing of Mean Girls.
Duke Symphony Orchestra Baldwin Auditorium, 8-10p.m. Directed by Harry Davidson, the Duke Symphony Orchestra will be performing tonight with Jung Oh and Eric Pritchard.
Boston Legal Viewing Party McClendon Media Room, 9-11p.m. The Theta Nu Xi Multicultural Sorority is hosting a Boston Legal viewing party on the second floor of McClendon.
“Ken Pomeroy, the noted stat guru of kenpom.com, released his ACC efficiency ratings yesterday, and Duke is very well-represented. Andre Dawkins is ranked second in the conference, with a rating of 144.3—just three points lower than the No. 1 player, Boston College’s Corey Raji. Dawkins is followed by Kyrie Irving at No. 4, Seth Curry at No. 14, Nolan Smith at No. 19 and Kyle Singler at No. 22..’” — From The Chronicle’s Sports Blog sports.chronicleblogs.com
susana gonzalez/BLOOMBERG NEWS
The weaponry being seized by Mexican drug-traffickers is increasingly sophisticated, highlighting the serious issues drug-related violence presents to the region. Economically, small businesses are suffering from emboldened drug-cartels. Extortion, kidnappings, and homicides are forcing many small businesses to shut down. So far big businesses, which can afford security, seem unaffected.
The manner of giving is worth more than the gift. — Pierre Corneille
TODAY IN HISTORY
1980: John Lennon is shot to death.
Aspirin found to cut death rates from cancer
US students lag behind Iranian talks break down rest of world in academics with no sign of progress WASHINGTON — After a decade of intensive efforts to improve its schools, the United States posted these results in a new global survey of 15-year-old student achievement: average in reading, average in science and slightly below average in math. Those scores lagged significantly behind results from several countries in Europe and Asia in the report this week from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. South Korea is an emerging academic powerhouse. Finland and Singapore continue to flex their muscles. And the Chinese city of Shanghai, participating for the first time in the study, topped the 2009 rankings of dozens of countries and a handful of sub-national regions. U.S. officials said the results show that the nation is slipping further behind its competitors despite years spent seeking to raise performance in reading and math through the 2002 No Child Left Behind law and a host of other reforms. The Obama administration is likely to use the results to press Congress next year to rewrite the federal education law to prod states to do more to help the lowest-performing schools.
GENEVA — Two days of talks between Iran and major powers ended in Geneva Tuesday with few signs of progress except an agreement to meet again in Istanbul next month, and dueling news conferences by both sides laid bare the difficulties ahead. European Union foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton, representing the major powers, said the talks this week were “detailed, substantive,” and that the talks in January would “discuss practical ideas and ways of cooperating towards a resolution of our core concerns about the nuclear issue.” By contrast, Saeed Jalili, Iran’s envoy to the talks, described how the world needs Iran’s capabilities to prosper.“Today, more than ever, Iran is powerful,” he declared of a country under vast international sanctions. “It is in the best economic, political, regional and international shape.” Jalili told reporters that Ashton’s comments were “disrespectful” and that the two sides had reached no agreement on what should be discussed at the next round of talks.” He suggested that the main focus of the Istanbul talks would be on the nuclear weapons stockpiles of the other countries at the table.
Correction A letter to the editor Dec. 7 incorrectly stated that Jason Li was a member of the Class of 2013. Jason Li is actually in the Class of 2011. The Chronicle regrets the error.
Work Study Students: Come join the PAID creative staff of The Chronicle. We are looking for responsible und ercla s s men (f res hmen w e lcome !) w ho wa nt t o get p a id while lea rning g ra p hic de sign and production of the newspaper . I f you ha ve wor ke d for your high s cho o l news p a p er o r yea rbo o k , you’ d b e a n id ea l ca nd id a t e.
For more info email starbuck @duke.edu
Wednesday, December 8, 2010 | 3
Panel examines China’s rising power Davidson by Kelly Scurry THE CHRONICLE
The rise of China may not necessarily be at the expense of the United States, three professors noted during a panel Tuesday night.
Irina Danescu/The Chronicle
The last Super Tuesday event of the Fall featured professors who discussed China’s rise and the potential for a “currency war” between China and the U.S.
The participants in the discussion were Ed Tower and Lori Leachman, both professors of economics, and Bruce Jentleson, professor of public policy and political science. The academics discussed China and possible ensuing currency wars at the last Super Tuesday event of the semester hosted by Duke Political Union, the Roosevelt Institute, Duke International Relations Association and Duke East Asia Nexus. All the professors agreed that the rise of China can have a positive impact on the world. Jentleson said a richer China can help in the economic development of other countries. “[Global] trade is never a zero-sum [situation]—everyone gains,” Leachman said. The panelists also addressed the question of whether China will follow the path of Japan, which had an appreciating currency that collapsed in the mid-90s. Leachman recalled the collapse of the Japanese market—the effect of the appreciation of the yen, inefficient lending and generally unwise banking practices. A positive effect of an appreciated Chinese currency could allow the country to buy raw material at cheaper prices, and it would be less expensive for China to invest in other countries, Leachman said. Currency appreciation, however, could also displace the workforce. A potential “currency war” between China and the U.S. dominated much of the panel’s discussion. Jentleson said he does not think the United States is “heading toward confrontation with China,” adding that no country can dominate the 21st century in the same manner that the United States dominated during the Cold War era. Tower added that China’s ascendancy is the reason that the standard of living in the U.S. has risen despite a trade deficit. Leachman noted that many Americans would rather see less domestic economic growth than fall as the preeminent economic power in the world. The Obama administration is focusing too much on the effects that China has on the manufacturing sector of the U.S. economy, Tower said. He speculated that this is because the manufacturing sector is highly unionized and unions serve as major contributors to the Democratic Party.
Study Mathematical Biology at Duke Math 49S Applications of Mathematics to Physiology and Medicine. MWF 1:30-2:20. The heart and circulation, respiration, the kidney, ovulation number in mammals, fundamentals of the immune system and neural processing. Instructor: Michael Reed. Prerequisite: one variable calculus. Fulfills Curriculum 2000 requirements M, QID, R, W, NS. Math 387 Current Research in Mathematical Biology. TTH 10:05-11:20. January 15 - February 10. Wright-Fisher model, the Moran model and its geneological process the coalescent, starting with neutral case and adding selection. Branching processes and cancer models. Prerequisite: undergraduate probability. Instructor: Richard Durrett. February 15 - March 22. Methods from computational topology, statistics, and geometry to analyze biological data sets and to construct and model biological networks. The main focus will be on gene regulatory networks and the data used to analyze them. Prerequisite: one semester topology recommended. Instructor: John Harer. March 24 - April 21. Mathematical models of cell metabolism. Public health issues, neural tube defects, folate fortification, arsenic in drinking water. Dopamine and serotonin metabolism in the brain. Mathematical issues in the auditory system. Prerequisites: undergraduate probability and differential equations. Instructor: Michael Reed. Undergraduate stipends for Summer Research are available. Go to www.math.duke.edu/mathbio and click on ``undergraduate program.’’
See currency on page 6
selected for Obama post from Staff Reports THE CHRONICLE
President Barack Obama announced his intent to nominate a Duke professor to a key administration post, the White House announced yesterday. The president selected Cathy Davidson, Ruth F. Devarney Professor of English, to serve on the National Council on the Humanities. The board consists of 26 distinguished private citizens who advise the chairman of the National Endowment for the Humanities, an independent federal agency and one of the largest funders of humanities programs in the nation, according to the organization’s website. Obama also nominated Albert Beveridge, senior counsel of the law firm Beveridge & Diamond, and Constance Carroll, chancellor of the San Diego Community College District. Members of the NCH serve six-year terms and must be approved by the Senate. “I am proud and honored to be considered for this position and look forward to the working with the Senate through the confirmation process,” Davidson said in a statement Tuesday. In a statement, Obama said he is glad to see such individuals join his Administration. “I look forward to working with them in the months and years to come,” Obama said.
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wikileaks from page 1 policy in Vietnam was released to The New York Times, causing a political and media firestorm. “The Pentagon Papers began a new kind of relationship between the press and the government, and now we have a new kind of controversy,” Bennett said. Bennett considered the overall press coverage of WikiLeaks “responsible” and pointed out that the coverage of specific news outlets has depended on the level of access a media organization has to the documents. He noted, for example, that because The Washington Post has had less access to the leaked information than The New York Times, the Guardian or El País, it has focused more of its coverage on the controversy surrounding WikiLeaks. “There are stories produced by content, both in terms of the [Iraq War Logs] and later diplomatic cables,” Bennett said.“ Other publications focus on the controversy of the leaks’ nature.” Duddy, as a former diplomat, was more apprehensive of WikiLeaks and noted the potential harm it could have on American diplomatic efforts. “From the point of view of the government, somebody with access downloaded a vast body of classified material and distributed it,” Duddy said. “That in and of itself was a criminal act and will be appropriately investigated.” Duddy went further to say that such actions constituted “a much broader attack on the conduct of diplomacy.” “It threatens the safety of some of those who risk a great deal in speaking to us at all,” he added. “It is profoundly irresponsible.” Feaver outlined what he considered
the “good, bad and ugly” surrounding WikiLeaks. Although it may be good for scholars outside of government who now have better access to information, it could be bad for the mainstream media to have WikiLeaks infringing on its territory, he explained. “WikiLeaks makes the mainstream media somewhat irrelevant,” he said. The question as to whether WikiLeaks would add another tier of knowledge to the public domain further spurred the discussion. Publishing large amounts of information without context often distorts rather than clarifies information for the general public, Duddy said. “The public’s interest is not served, and people’s lives are endangered,” he added. “It’s very unfortunate.” Feaver defended the importance of confidentiality in government action. “In every other enterprise, we all intuitively and instinctively recognize the value of confidentiality,” he said, pointing to the “towering hypocrisy” of journalism as an example. “The Washington Post is never going to tell us about their anonymous sources or their editorial conversations,” Feaver added. Bennett emphasized the difference between WikiLeaks and the kind of analyses completed by traditional news organizations. “Part of what journalists do and continue to do is come to a conclusion about the credibility of the information and the source,” he said. Bennett also expressed his concern that the leaks and the potential prosecution of those who release them could have a “chilling effect” on future media activity and freedom. “It could indirectly infringe on the freedom of the press,” he said.
maya robinson/The Chronicle
The Duke Chorale sang traditional holiday carols in an annual performance held in the Duke Chapel Tuesday night. Admission to the event was a non-perishable food item to be donated to local families.
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FOR YOUR BOOKS FALL 2010 BUYBACK
DECEMBER 13 - DECEMBER 18, 2010 WEST CAMPUS Upper Level Lobby, Bryan Center Monday: 9am - 5pm Tuesday - Friday: 9am - 7pm Saturday: 9am - 5pm
EAST CAMPUS Marketplace Lobby, East Union Building Monday - Friday: 10am - 6pm Saturday: 9:30am - 3pm
USED BOOK CLASSIFIEDS WEBSITE The Duke University Textbook Store provides a free online service for privately listing your textbooks to sell to fellow Duke students. You can also search for titles you need for next semester and arrange to buy directly from other Duke students who no longer need their book. Why are we providing this service? We recognize that textbook prices have risen well above the rate of inflation for several years, and we want to do everything we can to keep the overall cost of your textbooks as low as possible. Please remember to arrange your transactions in a public meeting place. Go to www.dukestores.duke.edu/textbook.php and click on BlueDevil Books icon in the left hand column.
TURN YOUR TEXTBOOKS INTO CASH! Department of Duke University Stores速
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community from page 1 at the clinics, costs of visits by uninsured patients in the lowest income bracket are capped at $20. Through the partnership, Duke’s resources have made it possible to expand these services beyond the geographical scope of LCHC’s facilities. Duke, Durham and the Duke Endowment have contributed funds to establish three new clinics since 2003: Lyon Park Clinic, Walltown Neighborhood Clinic and Holton Wellness Center. Lincoln pays a contract fee, but Duke still contributes to operational costs and the medical providers are Duke medical personnel. Lyn described the creation of the new clinics as the result of a patient-centric healthcare philosophy. “When we put the clinics together, we did lots of interviews, talking with people about what makes sense in terms of care and care delivery, the types of services, the way the clinics would be structured,” she said. “We built the clinics around those responses.” “A medical home for the community” The Walltown Clinic is located in a renovated house on Broad Street, which is easily accessible by bus. It includes five exam rooms and a small lab area, yet it retains the architectural layout of an ordinary house with a sunny yellow interior. “There’s a different feel to the clinic,” Lyn said about Walltown. “It’s a very warm feeling, that’s what folks tell us.” Pastor Mel Williams of the Watts Street Baptist Church, along with other religious and neighborhood leaders, advocated for such a clinic as a means of improving the quality of life within the neighborhood. “We wanted to locate the clinic right in the middle of Walltown so that it’s convenient [and] it serves the people who need
it the most,” Williams said. Physician Assistant Kaitlyn Granda, the first clinician to work at Walltown on its creation in 2005, said the familiarity of a communitybased health clinic is beneficial for patients. “[Patients] come in and we know them by name and know their situation,” Granda said. “It feels much more intimate and homey to them than a big hospital. They’re seeing us each time they come in and that’s comforting to them and to us.” Reinventing the house call Duke’s DCH provides comprehensive services to the Durham community, such as sponsoring health clinics in four of Durham’s public schools as well as running a program, titled “Just for Us,” which targets the needs of senior citizens who live independently but still require routine health care. “What we’ve done with [the Just for Us] program is, quite frankly, reinvented the house call,” Lyn explained. “[Medical teams] put all their equipment in [rolling suitcases]... and we actually deliver care within patients’ apartments.” Lyn and Fred Johnson, deputy director of community health and director of clinical services, both have masters in business administration degrees, not medical degrees. Johnson explained that their backgrounds provide a unique advantage for leading DCH and emphasize an open-office culture. “We have a different appreciation for how organizations work,” he said. “We get [doctors] to step back and paint a broad picture.... We tend to ask more question than give solutions and get [the medical staff] to respond.” “Right care” Dr. Victor Dzau, chancellor for health affairs and president and CEO of the Duke University Health System, noted that the clinics have led to a more effective use of Duke Hospital emergency rooms. The clinics deal
with medical issues earlier, while community health programs promote healthy living and wellness in the community, he explained, adding that the programs provide a buffer against uninsured hospital usage. In fiscal year 2007-2008, Duke had to shell out $45 million in care for patients who could not pay hospital fees as well as $50.5 million for the costs that Medicaid did not fully reimburse, according to a DUHS report. The report also cited additional expenses of $57 million in “unreimbursed costs of treating Medicare patients” and $31 million in “unrecoverable patient debt.” Compared to losing $183.5 million, the $7.5 million that Duke invests annually in the LCHC partnership may prove costeffective if it substantially reduces those hospital expenses. According to a report by the Gerontological Society of America, during the 2003-2004 fiscal year—the first full fiscal year that the Just for Us program was implemented—Duke Hospital expenditures for patients qualifying for Just for Us and Medicaid decreased by 49 percent in costs linked to ambulance-related emergencies, 41 percent in costs of emergency room visits from patients in the county and 68 percent in inpatient hospital costs. Dzau described the motivations for community health involvement as primarily about “doing the right thing.” He noted, however, that the Duke community-based health approach additionally puts DUHS in a favorable position to adapt to impending changes in the national health care field, such as cutting back on redundancies and expenses like excessive testing. “[What DCH has is] a team of people taking care of the patient, not just a physician who’s just too busy in a shortage anyway,” Dzau said. “We have not only the clinics and the community activities, but also right care at the right time in the right place.” Samantha Brooks contributed reporting
currency from page 3 Ultimately, the panel participants agreed that the United States should worry more about maintaining its economic strength than the possibility of a currency war with China. Leachman said the United States’ problems lie with a large income disparity and Americans spending more than they make. Jentleson noted that the fears over China are a “distraction.” Caitlin Gorback, a senior economics major, said the panel offered some “good points, such as the palliative effects of blaming China.” Another student present at the event, junior Neel Mehta, said the panel provided a “holistic view from three different perspectives,” which allowed the audience to hear differing opinions about China’s new growth.
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WEDNESDAY December 8, 2010
Andre Dawkins was rated by Ken Pomeroy as the second most offensively efficient player in the ACC yesterday. He joins four other Blue Devils in the top 22
Carleton now among best at collegiate level by Felicia Tan THE CHRONICLE
In 21 years, Reid Carleton had never journeyed outside the United States. On Monday, though, Carleton left for Rouen, France, where he will represent his country in the Master’U BNP Paribas collegiate tournament against the players from Belgium, France, China and Great Britain. Not too shabby for his first international trip ever. “We had to get him a passport and all that,” Duke head coach Ramsey Smith said with a laugh. Carleton joins two other men and three women on the U.S. team in competing against squads from seven countries from around the globe. The Americans arrive in Normandy as the defending champions, having emerged victorious over the French team in last year’s Finals. Carleton will join that team, taking part from Dec. 9-12 in a best-of-seven, quasi-Davis Cup format that comprises four singles and three doubles contests. The Duke co-captain is the first Blue Devil ever chosen for the squad—and even though the Master’U BNP Paribas is a relatively new tournament, now in its fifth year, Carleton’s selection makes an excellent case for his inclusion in the upper echelon of American collegiate tennis.
straight wins to kick off the season, including five victories over players in the top 30. Over a five-tournament span, Carleton claimed a total of two singles and three doubles titles, and produced a strong run to the semifinals of the ITA All-American
Championships in October. It was while competing at the AllAmerican in Tulsa, Okla. that Carleton and Smith learned the senior’s success had caught the attention of top ITA and USTA coaches, among them the former
A memorable Fall As the Blue Devils have clocked in their best combined fall campaign of Smith’s tenure, Carleton has had arguably the best individual fall season of any margie truwit/The Chronicle Duke player. Tabbed at No. 46 in preseason rankings, the senior reeled off 12 While he was no slouch in the past in singles, Reid Carleton has grown leaps and bounds as a player this year.
DUKE vs BRADLEY
WEDNESDAY • 9:00 p.m. • ESPN2
Irving is doubtful for Bradley game tonight by Scott Rich THE CHRONICLE
The Blue Devils made it through the meat of their non-conference schedule, a two-week gauntlet that included victories over top-10 teams Kansas State and Michigan State, unscathed. But as they return to Cameron Indoor Stadium tonight, they’ll have to find a way to maintain their dominating play against a much less daunting opponent. The contest against Bradley (4-4) at 9 p.m. lacks the hype or glamour of any of Duke’s recent games, but the Blue Devils’ associate head coach Steve Wojciechowski knows that his team must maintain a high level of performance at all times. “Every game we play is an important
game and is of equal importance. That’s how you develop the habit of being a championship level team,” he said. “There can’t be one game that’s more important than the other. You have to prepare to win.” The No. 1 Blue Devils (8-0) will have to work on developing that habit without their freshman sensation. Kyrie Irving injured his toe in Duke’s victory over Butler on Saturday, and although he returned to that game, the point guard is currently listed as doubtful and wearing a walking boot, and Wojciechowski said he “doesn’t think” Irving will see the court against the Braves. The injury could be a blessing in disguise, however, as it will provide more See bradley on page 8
Davis Cup captain Patrick McEnroe. Carleton’s performance in Tulsa capped a terrific stretch that ultimately netted him a selection to one of three available spots to compete for the U.S. in France. “The bottom line is, Reid proved himself with those results. He had better [fall] results than just about anyone else in the country,” Smith said. “He did just about as well as you can do.” Carleton’s fall records certainly speak for themselves: 13-2 in singles and 15-2 in doubles. And although his earlier efforts have by no means been poor, both he and his coach agree his singles game has surged following the summer. “I think I’ve always been really close,” Carleton said, mulling over his recent success compared with previous years. “I mean, my record wasn’t as good [before], but I just lost a lot of very close matches. This year, I’ve just been pulling out the close ones, which is a change.” He has a point. Through the entirety of his junior year, he lost about half of his matches that went to three completed sets. So far as a senior, two of Carleton’s matches have been three-setters, and he prevailed in both. The second contest of the two perfectly encapsulates a key reason for Carleton’s marked improvement—a rededication to his offcourt fitness over the summer following a sit-down with Smith to discuss how to succeed at the next level. That improved fitness propelled him to a win over the former No.1-ranked Steve Johnson in the opening round of the All-American Championships. After See CARLETON on page 8
Louisville’s Bustin moves to coach Duke After an illustrious career leading Big East powerhouse Louisville, Pam Bustin has agreed to become the new field hockey head coach at Duke, filling the vacancy left by the departure of Beth Bozman. Bustin’s résumé is one of the most impressive in the nation, and her coaching acumen should give the Blue Devils confidence heading into the 2011 Pam Bustin season. In 13 years at the helm at Louisville, Bustin turned around a program in the midst of a 34-game losing streak, collecting three straight Big East titles from 2006-2008. In
2008, Bustin was named the conference’s coach of the year, as her Cardinals compiled a record of 14-7. Before Louisville’s move to the Big East, Bustin was the Mid-Atlantic Conference coach of the year in both 2001 and 2004. In her career, Bustin has also spent time at Hofstra, Michigan State, and Temple. “I look forward to leading the field hockey team to many successful seasons and am honored to join the Duke University athletic family,” Bustin said in a statement. “Clearly, Duke offers an environment that creates and supports champions in the classroom as well as on the playing field. I am excited to live and work in such an environment and feel fortunate to be able to offer such an opportunity to our nation’s most talented student-athletes.” — from staff reports
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CARLETON from page 7
bradley from page 7
a tiebreak first set and a tightly contested second, the match began to take its toll on Johnson. He began cramping halfway into the third set. Carleton, though, showed no signs of slowing down and easily won the third set, scoring a marquee win against the USC athlete.
playing time for guards Andre Dawkins, Seth Curry and Tyler Thornton off the bench. Dawkins has been stellar in his role as a sixth-man thus far, averaging 10.6 points per game in just over 23 minutes of action while shooting nearly 53 percent from beyond the arc. But Dawkins’s emergence of late has diminished Curry’s role in Duke’s game plan. After scoring double-digit points in each of the Blue Devils’ first three games, Curry hasn’t scored more than six since then and has seen his playing time reduced greatly. Much of this has been due to Dawkins’ improved defense; in fact, in Duke’s showdown with Michigan State, Curry struggled defensively and played only seven minutes in the contest, while Dawkins played 28. Thornton, meanwhile, should see his first extended playing time of the season as Duke’s only pure point guard behind Irving. While the Blue Devils may not find Irving’s injury of paramount importance against a likely overmatched Bradley team, the Braves have a history of pulling off major upsets. In the 2006 NCAA Tournament, the No. 13-seeded Braves attained two shocking wins over No. 4-seeded Kansas and No. 5-seeded Pittsburgh before falling to Memphis in the Sweet 16. Bradley also has its own star this season in senior Andrew Warren, an insideoutside presence who leads the team with 19 points and 6.5 rebounds per game. “He’s one of the best players we’ve played against,” Wojciechowski said. “He presents a lot of mismatch problems.” Still, the Blue Devils will likely be relieved to be facing the Braves rather than yet another marquee team, even if their high standards still apply.
Out of Cunha’s shadow Carleton ponders questions carefully before answering, but doesn’t hesitate when he says he likes the solo game more than doubles. Still, it was on the doubles court where Carleton found breakout success first, attaining his biggest accomplishments to date with Brazilian teammate Henrique Cunha. Oddly enough, only in the last 14 months has his prowess as a doubles player progressed enough to rival his singles game. Now, the consensus might be that he margie truwit/The Chronicle is equally good in both areas. Prior to his junior season, Carleton’s talent for doubles Reid Carleton is currently competiting in Normandy for the United States in the Master ‘U BNP Paribas. hovered only around what he described as “mediocre.” In the fall of last year, though, he teamed up with been able to play [singles and doubles] equally well,” Smith said. then-freshman Cunha in what would turn out to be an illustrious, “He probably thinks of himself more as a singles player, but when season-long campaign. you’re ranked No. 1 in the country in doubles, it’s hard to say Even after taking the title in their first tournament, though, you’re not a great doubles player. Carleton said the duo wasn’t winning consistently or convinc“He’s a complete tennis player, he just does it all.” ingly. Despite this, they still managed to come back from defiHaving already received All-America honors on the doubles side, cits in matches and more or less plowed through both their Carleton is focused on accomplishing the same for singles. Around fall and spring competition. Their final tally was 41-6, a Duke 20 players typically achieve All-American status every year, Smith said. single-season record. Due to Carleton’s tremendous fall season, the senior will almost cerAs a result of their triumphs, Carleton and Cunha inched up tainly crack the top-15 when the first national rankings are announced the rankings, until they finally laid claim to No. 1 in mid-April. in January. From there, it will be a matter of sustaining the high level Expectations for the two have not diminished a bit over the sum- of play through the spring and the NCAA Tournament. mer. That fact was made perfectly clear when they were awarded First up on his plate, though, is the Americans’ bid to repeat the preseason No. 1 ranking in September. as champions in the Master’U BNP Paribas. Ironically, Carleton Carleton is quick to defer to his teammate for much of their is scheduled to take a final in his French class just a day after he success—in his own words, Cunha just “doesn’t lose very much.” returns from his jaunt to France. His coach, however, doesn’t fail to credit Carleton for his contribuAfter capturing newfound national recognition on the tennis tions to the doubles team. front, Carleton is perfectly happy to take this real-life French exam “I think he’s really developed into a full tennis player, and he’s a few days early.
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Answer to puzzle
Wednesday, December 8, 2010 | 9
Diversions Shoe Chris Cassatt and Gary Brookins
Dilbert Scott Adams
Doonesbury Garry Trudeau
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Ink Pen Phil Dunlap
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Fill in the grid so that every row, every column and every 3x3 box contains the digits 1 through 9. (No number is repeated in any column, row or box.)
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The Independent Daily at Duke University
10 | Wednesday, December 8, 2010
A sensible hire To fill the newly created and economic sustainability position of assistant vice presi- that have plagued these asdent of housing and dining, pects of campus life. Duke reached outside its own From a personnel standtalent pool, hiring Rick John- point, Johnson is a solid hire. At son, former director of hous- Virginia Tech he won plaudits ing and dining from students at Virginia Tech and administraeditorial University. tors for transIt is unclear exactly how forming a historically disapJohnson will fit within existing pointing campus dining system administrative structures— into one providing the Best he will work closely with Di- Campus Food nationwide in rector of Dining Services Jim 2007, according to the PrinceWulforst despite the fact that ton Review. Food Management no similar position exists for an industry magazine, lauded Residence Life and Housing him in a 2008 article as “the arServices. Nevertheless, his chitect of [Virginia Tech’s] rise hiring represents a prioritiza- to culinary pre-eminence.” tion of campus housing and At Duke, Johnson will be dining as central to the Duke faced with a variety of pressstudent experience. ing challenges. Johnson can help the UniThe 2010 end of year survey versity address the serious is- on Dining contained a mixed sues in student satisfaction bag of opinions on campus
Editor’s note: Due to a printing error, Eliza French’s column and the Editorial that were intended for print Tuesday did not appear in the paper, though they did appear online. They are reprinted in today’s issue.
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eateries. Although a few scored overwhelmingly positive reviews, others were criticized for poor service and quality. Student ire has at times been focused on Duke’s contract with dining services union Local 77, which contributed to the $2.2 million Dining deficit. The continuation of a supposed one-time student dining contract fee, combined with statements regarding the “unknown” nature of the deficit by Vice President for Student Affairs Larry Moneta, underscore the complexity of Dining. These issues must be addressed within the context of the University’s transition to the house model, which is slated for Fall 2012. The current campus housing structure exacerbates social imbalances. How exactly the house
model will achieve the “equity and community” desired by Steve Nowicki, dean and vice provost of undergraduate education, remains to be seen. The creation of an administrative position in charge of both housing and dining makes an explicit link between two vital elements of the Duke campus. Where and how students eat on campus often depends on where they live. Ideally, Johnson will serve as an administrative bridge, working in close collaboration with Moneta and Wulforst to reinforce the impact of the housing-dining connection on campus culture. Johnson’s hire underlines the fact that existing housing and dining policies need serious reform. There are questions about the economic viability of
the existing dining structure, and stopgap measures like student fee increases fail to truly address the underlying structural issues. As a respected administrator with a proven track record, Johnson can offer an independent, objective assessment of the current situation by evaluating its existing strengths and weaknesses. Hopefully, Johnson will serve as a catalyst for the formulation of forward-thinking policy shifts the University needs. Therefore, it is essential that Moneta give Johnson the autonomy his position necessitates. Although the administrative particulars will need to be sorted out, Johnson’s hire signifies that Student Affairs understands just how crucial dining and housing are to the Duke student experience.
ast week, radical change disrupted mil- you can indulge in each week and still stay on lions of Americans’ lives. Weight Watch- track. ers announced a major overhaul of its Even if we don’t all keep a tally every day, infamous points system and introwe each have our own internal duced America to PointsPlus. points system. These subjective Most fruits and vegetables are systems don’t necessarily have now zero points, and some traanything to do with food, and ditionally “off-limits” diet foods they are often much farther recarry the added stigma of an extra moved from reality than Weight point or two. Additionally, the avWatchers. PointsPlus is inextricaerage daily allowance of points is bly bound to the physical world now larger. Many long-term memby the exact units of calories and eliza french bers that had perfected their daily pounds, but most of us use our je ne sais quoi intake formulas and achieved siginternal systems to navigate the nificant results must recalculate intangible world of the moral every meal and snack. and intellectual. Whether an apple counts as zero points or We all develop some way to cope with the irtwo points, the actual nutritive value of the reconcilable dichotomies we perceive during food hasn’t changed. Yet, it’s inherently more the course of our lives. Out of necessity, we have attractive to most dieters now that it’s a freebie. each had to develop a quick and reliable methAnd those indulgent foods that members could od to determine what is “good” or “bad,” “right” rationalize before even though they knew they or “wrong” for us. You might base your own weren’t the best choice now are even less ex- system on past personal experience, the advice cusable. of your friends, the basic wisdom your teachers According to a Weight Watchers press release, and parents taught you or an amalgam of these “The new formula takes into account the energy elements. contained in each of the components that make Most of us want to make good choices and do up calories—protein, carbohydrates, fat and fi- the right thing, but we know that we can’t posber—and it also factors how hard the body works sibly be right all of the time and that we might to process them (conversion cost) as well their never make only good choices. And we don’t respective eating satisfaction (satiety).” live a world that lets us function as purely good The new points plan might actually reflect a or purely bad. So we decide on our own how bad more accurate image of nutritional reality. But or good one decision is. How far away might it in another sense, the plan marks a drastic de- take us from our goals? parture from the basic beliefs that have shaped We efficiently sort through the daily dilemmembers’ realities for years. mas of how we want to spend our time and how Although the new plan allows for a relatively we should spend our time, how we want to beunrestricted intake of unequivocally “healthy” have and how we should behave. foods, it takes away some of the freedom to You probably don’t go add up all of your decisneak in that piece of chocolate cake members sions at the end of each day or even consciously supposedly had before. think about them in quantitative terms. But As The New York Times reported, some mem- consider how you feel about yourself right now. bers felt particularly affronted because the re- Think about yourself and your position relative vamped system was introduced in the middle of to who you want to be and where you think you the calorie-laden holiday season. One member should be. Whether that feeling is net positive described the plight of having to surreptitiously or negative has to do with the positive or negacheck the new points values of certain food items tive value you associate with every single decision on her smart phone at parties before partaking you made that led you to where you are and what of an hors d’oeuvre or two (or none). you’re doing now. I confess my thoughts were less than empaIf those feelings are overwhelmingly negathetic toward these particularly zealous adher- tive, it might be time to start holding yourself ents to the pseudo-scientific points system. But accountable within the framework of your own no one is immune to the profound appeal of system. But it could also be time for a PointsPlus a plan that figures it all out for you. No need overhaul of your own. to spend time agonizing over every bite at every meal. The plan tells you exactly how many Eliza French is a Trinity senior. This is her final points you need each day, and how many extra column of the semester.
he Skukuza camp gates at Kruger Something was lying, belly-forward, National Park close at 6:30 p.m. in the road. What is that? When we got It was past seven. Tonight I had close, we determined it was a lioness. volunteered to help out She was asleep, her head with a classmate’s project. on cushioning paws, and He was recording frog calls blinked in our headlights. in rain pools: climbing out We turned them off and of our open Game Drive instead put a spotlight on Vehicle (GDV) and setting her. She rose to all fours cameras by the water to requickly, stretched her neck cord for 20 minutes in the forward and yawned, her dark. I held a spotlight to black lips pulled back over rachna reddy search for the reflection her canines. She walked to of dangerous animal eyes the side of the open car and field notes when we arrived at water. faced me. I felt a chill. In a As we drove on a sand short leap she could be in road, a feline shape crossed in front of us, the seat next to me. My instincts told me tail between its back legs. A lion? In the that I should curl into a ball in the censpotlight we saw spots and a white tail-tip. ter floor of the GDV. But then she moved A leopard! He walked into the brush near and lay down again, farther from us. the road. We followed him on a hunt. Just up the road, an old male lion was A pair of ungulates stood at a bush, sleeping too. He was thin, his mane narrow eyes reflected in the spotlight. One bolt- and when he took steps his hips dropped ed. The leopard’s eyes were orange and in an almost cartoon rhythm. He remindsuddenly we saw him chomp—two shrill ed me of the Tawny-Scrawny Lion from and desperate cries erupted, and then “Little Golden Books” and I asked if he we saw him carrying the slower steenbok was sick, but my teacher said he thought in his mouth. Did we really just see him he was just old. The Tawny-Scrawny Lion make a kill? sat on his haunches next to the car and We were hushed by it and continued looked and me and I experienced none to drive to new sites. The Acacias were of the primal fear I’d felt when the lioness purple under the moon. At one point we had stared me down. Mellow and sleepy, saw something walking up the road and he yawned and licked his lips, watched us turned off the car and it turned out to be for a bit and then lay back down in the a passing hyena. An hour into the mis- road away from our spotlight. sion, we crossed paths with the other car Near another pool, we saw a second of students and exchanged tallies. leopard—close—on the side of the road. “We saw lions in the road! And we It was smaller than the first but more couldn’t go to pool 17 because a herd of beautiful; rounder cheeks and we could elephants was at it. And we saw the wild see the white fur on its chin. dogs again!” We told them about the hyena and an Rachna Reddy is a Trinity junior. She is earlier giraffe and left the leopard kill for studying ecology in South Africa for the semeslast. Then we drove on, around a bend. ter. Her column runs every other Wednesday.
Wednesday, December 8, 2010 | 11
My own finals week
s I write this column, I’m sitting in certain time. The whole time I’m there, my apartment, which I have not I have to pay attention, because either a left for the last 80 or so hours. patient’s life or my grade depends on it. I’m wearing shorts, a TI leave when I’m told to shirt and slippers, which has leave, go home, eat dinner been my uniform since I last and fall asleep while trying ventured outside. I haven’t to read so I don’t fall bebrushed my hair or shaved hind. Rinse and repeat. in days, and I look a little Don’t get me wrong. I bit like a pubescent Ted really like that life. I learn a Kaczynski. (I don’t grow the lot and I occasionally have most impressive beard.) the ability to make a differalex fanaroff There is a window next ence in the lives of my pafarewell tour to me, so I know that it was tients. It makes me happy sunny today, and since it to wake up in the morning snowed two days ago, I assume it’s still cold, and go to the hospital. but to be honest, I don’t even know. The Still, there’s a certain appeal in not snow that used to be on the plants outside having to wake up in the morning at all, has melted, so I guess it’s not that cold. at least for a little bit. I don’t have to see Despite all appearances, I haven’t taken anyone, or talk to anyone, or be anywhere a vow of squalor, or decided to become a except in front of my computer studying. hermit. Rather, I’m studying for one of my I wake up at 11 a.m., go to sleep at 3 a.m., medical board exams. I’ll venture out of and even though I spend 90 percent of my bunker on Wednesday to take the test. my waking hours studying, I decide when I talked to my girlfriend, a grown-up I want to do it. Unlike every other time (more specifically, a working lawyer), in my life, my single-minded focus can be about my self-imposed, exam-preparatory on learning. confinement, and she told me she was It’s like, for 80 hours, I’m in college jealous. She said that she really missed again—even if it’s the part of college that studying for exams, even though as a stu- was always the least fun. dent it was among the most stressful times Of course, as my study break comes of the year. She said that when she sees to an end, undergraduate finals week is law students with their books spread out just beginning. So as you study, and write in Starbucks, she wishes she had books to papers, and swear off showering for the spread out in Starbucks. next week, and binge eat to counteract And even though I’ll probably get the stress and complain to your friends rickets if I stay inside any longer, and even about how much work you have and how though my apartment looks like a war much studying you need to do, just rezone (if wars involved medical books and member the alternative. notebooks filled with awful handwriting), You could not be studying for finals, I get it. Studying for exams is incredibly but then you’d have a job. liberating. In my normal life, I wake up before Alex Fanaroff is a fourth-year medical stuseven and have to be at the hospital by a dent. His column runs every Wednesday.
‘The Turkish 9/11’
urkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Da- ghanistan and Iraq, and a major purchaser vutoglu smiled cheerfully as he reit- of American weapons. But is it still really an erated: Yes, the clash between Israeli ally? As some of the more interesting of the commandos and Turkish IsWikiLeaked State Department lamic activists off the coast of jackson diehl documents show, that is a questhe Gaza Strip in May can be tion that two consecutive U.S. fairly compared with al-Qai- washington post administrations have struggled da’s attacks on New York and with. During eight years of rule Washington. by the mildly Islamist Justice and Develop“It was the Turkish 9/11 - I repeat it!” ment Party, Turkey has become something he exclaimed during a visit to Washington of a model of the tricky 21st-century relalast week. “I don’t mean the numbers,” he tionships the United States will have to added when it was pointed out that 2,900 manage. people died on Sept. 11 and nine in the Turkey used to be an authoritarian state flotilla fight. “I am trying to express the that reliably lined up with the West. Now psychological shock in Turkey. Our citizens it is a democracy with a booming economy were killed by a foreign army.” - and big geopolitical ambitions. The powActually, it wasn’t quite that simple. er of popular support has given Turkey’s The Turks were not innocent civilians but prime minister, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, the militants who sought a confrontation; they confidence to undercut U.S. policy in Iran, were killed not by suicidal terrorists but by cultivate anti-American Muslim dictators in professional soldiers whose first weapons Sudan and Syria, and make Israel a nearwere mace and paintballs. enemy - all while deploying Turkish troops So it’s a little jarring to hear Davutoglu in Kabul and counting on the United States make his main point: that there is no real to help his army fight Kurdish insurgents. reason for discord between his government The Middle East still has rulers such as and the Obama administration. “For more Egypt’s Hosni Mubarak, a sullen strongman than 20 months we had excellent rela- who quietly supports U.S. strategic interests tions,” he said. “And as strategic allies we but refuses to modernize his rotting autochave to protect those relations.” racy. Erdogan sees that as an opportunity to Turkey is a member of NATO, a host of become the region’s power broker. “Turkey, U.S. military bases vital to operations in Af- building on the alleged admiration among
Middle Eastern populations for its economic success and power and willing to stand up for the interests of the people, reaches over the [undemocratic] regimes to the ‘Arab street,’ “ explains one cable dispatched by the U.S. Embassy in Ankara this year. Thus the overheated rhetoric about Israel, delivered with calculation as well as passion. Davutoglu is something of an antihero of the WikiLeaks cables, described as “exceptionally dangerous” and “lost in neoOttoman Islamist fantasies.” Having arrived in Washington a few hours after those descriptions were released, he accepted an apology from Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton, played down the damage - and embraced at least part of the embassy’s analysis. “Britain has a commonwealth” with its former colonies, he reminded me. Why shouldn’t Turkey rebuild its leadership in former Ottoman lands in the Balkans, Middle East and Central Asia? It’s fascinating to follow the emotional swings in U.S. analysis of this rapidly changing partner. Erdogan is acidly described by former ambassador Eric Edelman as having “an authoritarian loner streak”; Edelman’s successor, James F. Jeffrey, concludes that Erdogan “simply hates Israel” and that his drive for regional authority “has not achieved any single success of note.” Yet the dispatches also include admiration for
Erdogan’s political skills and for Turkey’s role in Lebanon, Pakistan and even Syria. In fact, as a would-be leader of the “Arab street,” Erdogan looks much more attractive than competitors such as Hezbollah’s Hassan Nasrallah. In the end Turkey depends on European trade and investment; it wants a democratic Iraq, a non-nuclear Iran and NATO’s success in Afghanistan. It still recognizes Israel. It is, in essence, a genuine Muslim democracy - which means that it is both more difficult and, in a way, more of an ally than it used to be. “At the end of the day we will have to live with a Turkey whose population is propelling much of what we see,” Jeffrey wrote in a penetrating dispatch. “This calls for an issue-by-issue approach and recognition that Turkey will often go its own way.” “The current cast of political leaders,” he noted, have a “special yen for destructive drama and rhetoric. But we see no one better on the horizon, and Turkey will remain a complicated blend of world class ‘Western’ institutions, competencies and orientation, and Middle Eastern culture and religion.” No wonder Davutoglu was grinning. In the end, State’s reporting had captured the new Turkey rather well. Jackson Diehl is deputy editorial page editor for The Washington Post.
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12 | Wednesday, December 8, 2010