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The Chronicle T h e i n d e p e n d e n t d a i ly at D u k e U n i v e r s i t y


Gender forum leads to student action plan


JCO acts on request for retraction

Lighting up Page

by Maggie Spini

from Staff Reports

Duke Student Government decided it is time for undergraduates to make a plan. More than 60 students gathered to discuss gender inequity during Duke Student Government’s first Campus Gender Summit, held over three days. Women and men met separately Monday and Tuesday respectively to discuss gender issues and then reconvened Wednesday to talk together about tangible action plans that could be implemented on campus. “The goal of the Summit is to propose concrete recommendations that will improve the climate of gender issues on campus,” according to a Wednesday press release from DSG. Liaison to Gender Issues Michelle Sohn, a senior, said she hoped the forum would address what she called a “problematic gender dynamic on campus that... a lot of students are frustrated about.” The problem of gender inequity on Duke’s campus is pervasive, said Sohn, a member of The Chronicle’s editorial board, noting that DSG is 70 percent male and there are no female vice presidents. This week’s forum could lead to a larger movement by University officials and DSG

Three weeks after Dr. Joseph Nevins emailed co-authors of a paper acknowledging it needed to be retracted, The Journal of Clinical Oncology has formally granted the request. JCO formally retracted the paper titled “Pharmacogenomic Strategies Provide a Rational Approach to the Treatment of Cisplatin-Resistant Patients With Advanced Cancer” Tuesday. The article described a gene-based method of predicting patient response to cancer treatments and served as the basis of two cancer clinical trials being conducted at Duke that were recently terminated. The lead author of the paper was Dr. Anil Potti, who has been accused of making false claims on his resume and producing flawed research. Although Potti has not spoken to the media since allegations against him surfaced, the retraction indicates that he signed a statement approving the retraction and its wording, because it is JCO’s policy not to retract an article without permission from all of a paper’s authors. A statement released by JCO noted that the authors wished to retract the article



nate glencer/The Chronicle

Matisyahu, a reggae musician known for using traditional Jewish themes in his work,performed in Page Auditorium Wednesday. Rapper Freddie Gibbs was the opening act.

See gender on page 6

See potti on page 5

Singler becomes a YouTube sensation by Andy Moore THE CHRONICLE

By now you’ve probably seen it. Kyle Singler’s voice comes over the Duke Blue Planet logo, “This is Kyle Singler,” he says, “and I approve this message.” The senior makes a 3-pointer after explaining that, while he likes winning, he still really likes “getting buckets.” And, after that intro, there’s a dizzying array of trick shots reminiscent of the famous Larry Bird and Michael Jordan H.O.R.S.E. commercial, albeit a little more realistic. It’s called “Kyle Gets Buckets,” and it’s the brainchild of Singler and Dave Bradley, Duke’s recruiting director and man-


“I remember when I was in third or fourth grade carrying a stick around and shouting out spells at people as they walk by.”

­—Freshman Cameron Kim on Harry Potter. See sound-off page 5

DSG discusses launch of discussion website, Page 4

ager of the Duke Blue Planet website. It includes shots taken from halfcourt, Mickie Krzyzewski’s seat and the rafters of Cameron Indoor Stadium. And it took about as long for the video to hit viral fame as it did to film. Bradley uploaded the video to YouTube on Friday, and by Monday, it was on the front page of A day later, Mike Wilbon and Tony Kornheiser discussed it on “Pardon the Interruption.” Both were enthralled by it, giving it an “A” in their “Report Card” segment of the show. That night, it led the highlights of Duke’s See singler on page 8

What happens to the University’s hazardous waste, Page 3

2 | thursday, november 18, 2010 the chronicle

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Experiments with Dr.Lyle Craven Quad C105 , 5-6p.m. Come watch Dr.Lyle demonstrate how cool science can be. Explosions and liquid nitrogen have possible appearances.

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Durham Speaks: Firefighter Matt Hoina Mirecourt Commons, 8-9p.m. Listen to Matt talk about his experiences as a firefighter serving in the Apex area.




Crash Course: Ethiopian Dance McClendon 5th Floor Media Room , 8:30-9:30p.m. Join the Duke Ethiopian Student Association in learning the traditional Ethiopian dance “Eskista”.


“Now I don’t know exactly what ‘pretty mushy’ means in sports terms, but I am pretty sure the Deamon Deacons losing by 10 points on their home court to Stetson qualifies as ‘mushy.’ Wake Forest was outrebounded 42-31 thanks to 12 boards from Stetson’s 6-foot-5 forward Ridge Graham. The only Deamon Deacon with over five rebounds was 6-foot-7 sophomore forward Ari Stewart who came off the bench.” — From The Chronicle Sports Blog

Alex Dawson/ Bloomberg News

This bottle of champagne is nearly 200 years old. The bottle, along with others, was discovered in a shipwreck near Aland, a Finnish chain of islands in the Baltic sea. Some of the bottles have stayed remarkably fresh due to underwater pressure. Aland authorities plan to sell the champagne for a possible price of $135,000 per recovered bottle.


Nobody can make you feel inferior without your consent. — Eleanor Roosevelt


1793: Louvre officially opens in Paris.

Verizon seeks to end the Ireland may seek bailout delivery of phonebooks as economic crisis mounts WASHINGTON D.C. — Score another one for the digital revolution. The phone book—or at least the residential white pages—is going the way of the rotary telephone and the phone booth. Verizon, the largest provider of land line phones in the Washington region, is asking state regulators for permission to stop delivering the residential white pages in Virginia and Maryland. The company plans to make a similar request of the D.C. Public Service Commission in the next several weeks, Verizon spokesman Harry Mitchell said. Instead, the directories will be available online or, by request, in printed form or on CD-ROM. But the inchesthick white pages, a fixture in American households for more than a century, would no longer land on porches with a thud each year.

off the


DUBLIN — A top British finance official said Wednesday that his country would help prop up Ireland’s ailing finances— even as a team from the International Monetary Fund and European Union prepared to travel here to address the crisis and the Irish government signaled, for the first time, that it might be willing to accept a bailout. Confronting a massive budget deficit and roiling banking crisis, Ireland has been resisting calls from leading E.U. nations to calm markets by accepting an international rescue, seeing a bailout as a national embarrassment. But early Wednesday from Brussels, Belgium, where European financial chiefs were holding talks, Irish Finance Minister Brian Lenihan appeared to concede the nation might need aid. He said the “short, focused consultation” with IMF and E.U. officials in Dublin this week might result in international support for the Irish banking system.

President of Guinea calls state of emergency

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Some balking at new measures in airport security by Ashley Halsey III THE Washington Post

office’s broad scope. OESO’s website provides detailed resources for students, employees and faculty regarding how to deal with hazardous substances. The website outlines specific protocols, including how labs can be set up safely and how items like a wedding ring can be retrieved after being inadvertently placed in a disposal container for sharp items such as needles and syringes. Thomann said OESO takes a holistic approach to occupational safety, from laying out clear guidelines before purchasing dangerous substances to disposing of them. “There’s a linkage from the initial purchase of that

WASHINGTON D.C. — Kyle Whitney is headed home for the holidays next week, but unlike 1.6 million Americans who say they plan to fly, he’s taking the train. “I thought about flying but it doesn’t seem right that you have to submit to a strip search in order to fly,” said Whitney, who works for XM Radio in Washington. So, instead of a one-hour flight to Hartford, Conn., he’ll spend about seven hours on the train. For millions of Americans the delicate balance between anti-terrorism security needs and personal freedoms seems to have been tipped by new airport security methods to employ revealing full-body scanners and require “enhanced pat-downs” of those who refuse the scan. Though flying may be a once-a-year affair for many who will head to the airport next week, the roiling controversy over new security procedures implemented last month most likely has caught their attention. Video of a confrontation between Transportation Security Administration (TSA) agents and a passenger at a security checkpoint in San Diego went viral on the Internet. And on Tuesday a man who passed through one of the new scanners in Indianapolis International Airport was arrested for punching a TSA agent. Whitney says he understands that frustration, and he’s annoyed with those who are “willing to trade off their rights” in the name of security. “These TSA agents are allowed to do searches that even the FBI and the police can’t do,” Whitney said. John Pistole, head of the Transportation Security

See waste on page 6

See security on page 6

faith robertson/The Chronicle

The Occupational and Environmental Safety Office is responsible for the proper disposal of the University’s toxic waste.

Safety office deals with Uni’s toxic waste by Julian Spector THE CHRONICLE

Faculty and students rarely find themselves threatened by their own garbage. But at Duke—with a multitude of science and medical laboratories—facilities generate high volumes of waste that can sometimes be hazardous. The Occupational and Environmental Safety Office is in charge of monitoring and disposing of the University’s harmful waste. Wayne Thomann, director of the OESO, said the office has six divisions that cover major risk areas, including biological safety and occupational hygiene. “There are not many functions that span all of Duke, but we’re one of those,” Thomann said, referring to the

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National journalists and media experts evaluate media coverage of the 2010 mid-term elections.


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duke student government

Group launches new online forum for student discussion by Anna Koelsch THE CHRONICLE

A new online forum created by Duke Student Government hopes to spark campus discussion. DSG discussed the launch of Blue Devils District last night at its meeting, a website that anyone with a Duke NetID can log onto and post. Webmaster Jonathan Zhang, a sophomore, said he has been working for the past two months with the Office of Information Technology in preparation for the launch. “What we’re trying to do with this is make an online discussion forum [to replace] CollegeACB and Juicy Campus,� said DSG Chief of Staff Andrew Schreiber, a senior. “Instead of fraternity rankings and [threads about] the hottest freshmen girls, we will have actual discussion.� What distinguishes Blue Devils District from such gossip websites is that participants’ names will accompany all posts. Zhang said the forum’s lack of anonymity should encourage productive discussions about topics ranging from the campus to Durham. DSG representatives will moderate the forums. Currently, the site has seven topics: housing and facilities, Duke events, academics, athletics, dining, Durham matters and general discussion. Dining has been the most active in its two weeks of beta testing, Zhang said. He also noted that Head Line Monitor John Reynolds, a senior, has already solicited feedback about Krzyzewskiville policies on the forum. DSG members suggested additional fo-

rum topics such as campus safety. Adding topics about ride-sharing and ticket purchasing was also proposed. Schreiber said the Office of Undergraduate Admissions has already contacted DSG to request that the website be featured in the Class of 2015 Blue Book. He said he also hopes Blue Devils District will

be featured on The Chronicle’s and the DukePass website. “We hope [Blue Devils District] will create a greater sense of community with students and DSG,� said Director of Student Outreach Stratten Waldt, a sophomore. Waldt said the website could fill the gap of the “tremendously underutilized� website

tracy huang/The Chronicle

Blue Devil’s District, a website created by Duke Student Government to facilitate discussion on campus issues, was launched Wednesday. The posts on the website will be tied to students’ NetIDs.

Make the Holidays Happy for a Family in Need

Project Share 2010 Family #38 – This grandmother is barely making ends meet as she raises her four grandchildren and cares for her ailing husband. She is deeply saddened that she has no extra money to purchase gifts for her family. Please make one of her wishes come true by providing gifts for her grandchildren to find as they awaken on Christmas morning. Family #177 – This single mom is raising her eight year-old son who has been diagnosed with leukemia and hearing loss. She is struggling to keep her job while keeping his many medical appointments. She would love to provide her son with some well-deserved holiday cheer. Family # 256 – Clothes and age appropriate toys will help these grandparents bring holiday cheer to their seven year-old grandson who lives with them. Will you help? Family #507 - This mother was recently laid off from her job and is barely maintaining her household with her unemployment benefits. She would love your help providing her three young boys with clothes and toys. Family #512 – This visually impaired woman deserves to feel love and support from the community during the holiday. Will you be the one to make the season a happier one for her?

and allow students to find out what is going on in other student groups. Although Blue Devils District is tailored toward undergraduates, Schreiber said the involvement of administrators and faculty is encouraged. “It would be cool if [Dean of Undergraduate Education] Steve Nowicki posted and said, ‘Oh hey, we are doing this and this in the administration right now,� Schreiber said. Zhang said the website will begin to advertise in high-traffic areas like the Bryan Center and the Marketplace in order to attract more student participation. “It’s been a pretty crazy semester and it might be a good thing to talk about it,� Schreiber said. In other business: The trial run of a new C-2 bus route after 8 p.m. that eliminates the Trent loop begins Thursday. Sophomore Alikiah Barclay, a member of the Student Organization Finance Committee, presented a petition signed by freshmen to make the shortened C-2 bus route after 8 p.m. permanent. “This is important not only because it validates what we’ve been able to do, but tomorrow when the C-2 does start running the freshmen will know they have a voice,� Barclay said. “It will show why DSG is relevant.� DSG also granted charters to four new student groups: Duke University Percussion Ensemble, Duke Journal of Gender and Sexuality, Integrated Campus Advocacy Network and Women’s Housing Option.

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harrypottersoundoff by Nicole Kyle THE CHRONICLE

Petrificus Totalus! Accio, movie tickets! As the world prepares for the premiere of “Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 1” at midnight Nov. 19, many Duke students have their wands at the ready. The film chronicles the first half of the series’ seventh and last book and is the second to last film in the series, with “Part 2” premiering June 2011. Southpoint Cinema’s midnight showings are already sold out. The Chronicle’s Nicole Kyle spoke with students and even Quidditch players to get a sense of the Duke community’s anticipation. “It’s hard to answer. It was just one of those escapes. I remember when I was in third or fourth grade carrying a stick around and shouting out spells at people as they walk by.” — freshman Cameron Kim, main referee of the Duke Quidditch Team, on why he loves Harry Potter

“I’m very excited. All of the [Quidditch] team is dressing up and camping out at the theater starting at 4 p.m. It’s just a lot of fun to hang out with people who are so into the books.” — sophomore Rebecca Kuzemchak, a Beater on the Duke Quidditch Team “I really love the character development and the dynamics between the different characters. I’m excited for the movie because it’s always cool to see how they fit so much into one [film] and how the creative ideas of the director makes the book come to life.” — sophomore Chrissy Barnum

potti from page 1 “I’m going to see Harry Potter with a big group of friends from my [selective living group] and my pre-orientation program as a really nice sort of reunion event. Harry Potter is sort of the epitome of our childhood and a way to experience our childhood with people.” — sophomore Nathan Nye “I went to the fifth movie at midnight and the film actually broke and we were all dressed up and had to walk away sadly. So, I think I’m just going to go not dressed up, you know, in case something bad happens.” — senior Annie Kozak

“It should be interesting to see how the pace of the story changes as compared to previous films, given that they are splitting this final book into two. I don’t know if I’ll make it out this weekend but it’s definitely on my agenda for fun this holiday.” — Heather Mitchell-Buck, a lecturing fellow in the Department of English “I’m interested to see how [filmmakers] will do the scenery since so much of the story isn’t at Hogwarts!” —sophomore Hannah Hayward

margie truwit/The Chronicle

because they were unable to replicate experimental results that were “fundamental to the conclusions of the paper.” “We deeply regret the impact of this action on the work of other investigators,” JCO noted. In an Oct. 22 e-mail to the 13 co-authors of the paper, Nevins, Barbara Levine professor of breast cancer genomics and director of the Center for Applied Genomics and Technology, wrote that the research published in 2007, “cannot show a capacity to distinguish responders and non-responders when the correct clinical information was used, contrary to what was reported in the paper.” Two biostatisticians from M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Keith Baggerly and Kevin Coombes, first raised concerns about the paper about a year ago. In light of their questions, the three trials were suspended in October 2009, but the University restarted them in January after an internal review did not find concerns warranting their termination. “I wonder if we should have caught it earlier, or if [Nevins and Potti] should have caught it earlier,” Dr. Victor Dzau, chancellor for health affairs and president and CEO of the Duke University Health System, told The Chronicle in late October. “I think [it took] a deep dive, particularly by Dr. Nevins and new statisticians, to go through point by point and line by line to look at this issue.” It remains unclear whether or not the patients who were enrolled in the trials were harmed as a result of their participation. Dr. Otis Brawley, chief medical officer of the American Cancer Society, said in an interview with The Chronicle in October that he was “starting to worry” that the trials caused harm, though he added that he was waiting for the results of a review being conducted by the Institute of Medicine.

6 | thursday, november 18, 2010 the chronicle

waste from page 3 hazardous material through the risk associated with working with it and ultimately to the disposal,” he said. Gary Tencer, assistant director of OESO, stressed the importance of improving awareness. “People who recognize risks can better compensate for those risks,” he said. Manager of Environmental Programs Bill Brewer oversees the disposal of hazardous materials. When scientists have chemicals they no longer need, they contact EP. The division then determines whether or not the substance is hazardous, checking it against a database of some 30,000 chemicals. If the substance can be used elsewhere on campus, EP posts it on a surplus site. If they are not reusable, EP staff disposes of them. Environmental Programs is also responsible for disposing of low-level radioactive waste. “We allow [it] to decay and monitor [it] for 10 half lives,” Brewer said. “It takes almost half of our radioactive waste out of the disposal stream.” Thomann added that it is cheaper to allow the radioactive material to decay at Duke than to immediately dispose of it. Animal corpses generated by experiments and dissections go to the Vivarium, which eliminates them in a small animal incinerator or through the chemical process of hydrolysis rendering. Especially potent biological toxins called select substances fall under the domain of Director of Biological Safety Debra Hunt. Some labs work with substances such as Yersinia pestis, the bacteria that caused the Bubonic Plague. Material like this must be registered with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. “They are doing everything they need to do and we are very comfortable with them,” Hunt said. Although research and medical labs use many hazardous materials, undergraduate teaching labs have intentionally been moving away from them in recent years. Terry Corliss, senior laboratory administrator and a manager of the undergraduate biology teaching labs, said that the labs prefer to substitute non-hazardous substances whenever possible. “We’re really trying to give the same kind of hands-on experience to the students without using anything toxic,” Corliss said. “That’s our goal.” Corliss recalled an incident in 2004 when an explosive substance slipped through the safety net. When clearing out an old stock of chemicals, Corliss and other faculty members discovered a jar of picric acid, a substance she said is “more explosive than dynamite” when it is dry. “Very likely it was left over by someone who retired and it got pushed to the back and forgotten,” Corliss said. OESO arrived at the site and evacuated the Biological Sciences Building. Corliss added that the room was filled with other potentially dangerous chemicals.

She recalled thinking at the time, “If the jar goes, the room goes. If the room goes, the building goes.” OESO contacted a private subcontractor with experience in dealing with explosives, and the subcontractor then safely removed the picric acid. “There is always going to be that potential for failure somewhere,” Thomann explained. “A lot of what we do is risk management, risk minimization.” Tencer added that vigilance on campus is vital to upholding safety procedures. “Things get fixed because people are aware of a hazard,” Tencer said “We would rather someone wave a flag [and] say, ‘Hey, this is an issue.’ That puts the process in place for corrective action.”

security from page 3 Administration, has defended the new techniques twice this week under questioning by members of two Senate committees. “I’m bothered by the level of pat-downs,” said Sen. George LeMieux, R-Fla., while Pistole was testifying before the Senate Commerce Committee “I wouldn’t want my wife to be touched like that. I wouldn’t want to be touched like that myself. What can we do to get the right balance? I think we’ve gone too far afield.” Pistole responded that “reasonable people can disagree on where the balance should be,” but he insisted that the scanners, which critics have likened to X-ray vision, and very thorough body searches are necessary to catch non-metallic security threats. “We have discovered dozens and dozens of artfully disguised items that have posed a risk,” said Pistole, a former FBI agent who took the TSA post this year. “The threats are real, the stakes are high and we must prevail. When it comes to the TSA, we are the last line of defense.” So far, the TSA has installed 385 of the full-body scanners at 68 airports, with plans to increase the number to 500 by year’s end and bring the total to more than 1,000 next year. Passengers who decline to use the full-body scanners are offered an “enhanced pat-down” as an alternative. Pistole said children 12 and under would not be required to go through the process. He said anyone who objects to a public pat-down can be searched in private. He asked that people who are traveling next week visit the TSA website to review the guidelines. Planned air travel is up 3.5 percent this Thanksgiving, with 1.62 million people telling the American Automobile Association they plan to fly. “No one likes being probed and prodded and patted-down, but it is better than being blown to smithereens,” said John Townsend of AAA. “Americans, the flying public, especially those who only fly during the holidays, want and need assurance of security.”

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gender from page 1 to engage students in positive change. President Richard Brodhead, who earlier this week sent an e-mail urging students to “visualize a change” in Duke’s campus culture, wants to take an active role in the discussion on gender issues, said DSG President Mike Lefevre, a senior. “President Brodhead had actually asked if he could be invited to speak [at the forum],” Lefevre said. “Having him on board could really help the agenda move forward.” Brodhead was out of town this week, but will be involved in follow-up conversations, Lefevre said. During Wednesday’s session, men and women—many of whom represented a wide range of campus groups—collaborated to come up with three primary action points, derived from concerns expressed in the single-sex sessions. The three issues to be addressed are sexual assault, general gender climate on campus and housing and campus space, Lefevre said. The finalized action plans will be made public to the rest of the student-body after Thanksgiving, Sohn said. “The way we’re going to pursue the items on that agenda is going to be really inclusive,” Lefevre said. “The people who attended [Wednesday night]... feel like they came up with this plan, and now they want to see it through.” DSG will create a Google spreadsheet so students can log on and continue the discussion about gender and express what they would like to see in future campaigns to address inequity. After the forum’s conclusion Wednesday evening, most students were optimistic about the progress that had been made. “I think people are really going to take responsibility for and implement [the action plans],” said Elizabeth KonKolics, a senior and chair of Baldwin Scholars. “I think we will see a lot more discussions like this, a lot more action and campaigns next semester that I think will be really meaningful to this campus.” Junior Alex Alston said although the discussions were frustrating at times, he thought overall the forum was successful. “I feel like there were a lot of things brought to the table and the group here represented a lot of opinions and a lot of views, and we did actually get somewhere,” he said. Both Sohn and Lefevre emphasized that the forum was not created as a result of a single event. “There hasn’t been a month this semester that gender hasn’t been in the news, or in the national media at Duke,” Sohn said. Still, the association between gender inequity and controversial Halloween invitations sent via e-mail by one oncampus and one unrecognized, off-campus fraternity— Sigma Nu and Alpha Delta Phi respectively—is apparent, as noted in the DSG release. Neither Alpha Delta Phi nor Sigma Nu fraternities had representatives at the forum. President of Alpha Delta Phi, Tim Shaughnessy, a senior, said in an e-mail Wednesday night that his fraternity was not aware the forum was happening, and otherwise would have sent a representative. Sigma Nu President Sam Zakria, a junior, did not respond to an e-mail request for comment.


volume 13 issue 13 november 18, 2010


November’s for dancing at Duke CENTER

Bull City Connector opens up downtown PAGE 3

And the Durham Arts Walk gets festive CENTER nate glencer & tracy huang/The chronicle

morning glory Rachel McAdams, tv anchors, but no Oasis

page 6


local label Abstract Logix hosts jazz and rock music fest

page 7

girl talk

mashup maestro releases latest album fo’ free

page 7


theSANDBOX. No doubt Recess would be remiss if we didn’t eulogize Four Loko, being the paper of record when it comes to candycolored alcoholic beverages. What can you say about a drink that combines preposterous amounts of alcohol with enough caffeine to raise John Belushi from the dead? Well, first off, Ron Artest’s probably kicking the world for this not being around during his in-game drinking days, and Charlie Sheen’s no doubt shedding tears over the fact that his best-possible fuel for prospective hotel-demolishing has been discontinued. We can see a future for the beverage as a still-illegal-but-less-deadly replacement for sizzurp, so expect Waka Flocka Flame’s follow-up album, Lokoveli, to drop soon after he notices the ban, sometime in 2013. But seriously, this is a grave occurrence in the world of college drinking, and Recess doesn’t want to belittle the change this prohibition will bring to campuses the country over. Now, when students start mixing their own freaked-

out proto-Loko concoctions, a new cult of experimentalism will breed fresh alcohol/caffeine marriages: StarbucksCrat, Coca-Crat, NoDozCrat. We worry about this. Maybe, Chuck Schumer and co., you should’ve left it to the professionals to make sure that when kids go face-first into drinks including multipe bodychemistry altering drugs, they don’t pass out instantly from heart palpitations. Just, you know, sometime later on in the day. But we don’t endorse this kind of behavior here at Recess. Unless Kanye does. In which case, we’re wholeheartedly for, and we might even make signs. Look, alcohol is a tricky brew to regulate, because people seem to really, really like it, and they like it in ways that maybe it shouldn’t necessarily be had. (No, this isn’t the sex column. Check a little to the right.) Whether the Loko-ban makes the world a safer place or not, one thing’s for certain: more bans. —Kevin Lincoln

[recesseditors] AMERIKAH according to recess Kevin America Lisa Du..............................................................................finally in, will soon be out Jessie Tang.......................................................................................capitalist-Marxist Andrew O’Rourke.................................................................the nation’s watchdog Sanette Tanaka............................................................50% of the time, all the time Nate Glencer.............................................................................................the ethicist Lindsey thankful for the 1st amendment


Page 2

Someday, a few generations from now, long after I’m gone, my great-grandchildren will unearth the albums of Tailgate photos I’ve left behind. At this point, football will probably be played with lightsabers, beer will taste like cotton candy and pictures will talk and move and have scratch-and-sniff technology. Still, these future offspring will get the general gist of the Duke millennial Tailgate experience as they pour over the highlight reel of the glory days of their dearly departed Granny. They’ll find the photos of me in my pink Nike tennis dress that turned into a kind of makeshift tutu when I outgrew both its length and my racquet-sports career. Perhaps they’ll uncover a group effort to channel the spirit of a Good Charlotte concert, complete with emo eyeliner and skull t-shirts. I hope they don’t find the pictures documenting the senior tank top’s double entendre, but maybe the joke will be rendered obsolete by the time the future rolls around. Everybody will appear soaking wet, but my descendents won’t be able to locate a pool or shower. Sometimes it will appear as if it is raining beer. Undoubtedly, they’ll notice the permanence of neon tights, plastic sunglasses with Greek letters, lax pinnies, tiaras, koozies, beer helmets and galoshes. If this is the legacy I leave to the generations that follow in my footsteps, so be it. Better they uncover it than aliens. That being said, the pictures offer an incomplete story, particularly obscuring the important preceding and concluding rituals of Tailgate. The mornings must begin with Egg McMuffins with a side of hamburgers (hybrid

November 18, 2010

menu for the win). Your drinks are procured from whatever ingredients remain from Friday night activities. En route to Tailgate, you must find out the On Time Taxi driver’s entire life story, hoping to draw notice away from the cops preventing his convenient access to the Blue Zone. Skip as you enter the parking lot. The sounds of “Shout” and “Teenage Dream” waft over the makeshift fences, mingling with the smell of cheap, lukewarm beer. Oh, what a beautiful morning. Tailgate is not a verb—it’s a proper noun. Following the conclusion of the festivities, one dear friend outlined the rules: 1. Make acquaintances with someone who lives on West Campus. 2. Sneak into section past the morning’s sleeping casualties. 3. Remove soaked clothing. Ideally leave your beer-filled rain boots in the hall. 4. Shower. Probably not alone. 5. Nap. With wet hair. 6. Realize that you lost your DukeCard. 7. Realize that you lost your bunny ears/ pirate hat/sailor cap. 8. Realize that you’re not napping alone. 9. You still can’t drive home. 10. Better order a pizza. 11. May as well drink a beer with that pizza. 12. Time to go to Shooters. Tailgate was one of the best and worst parts of institutionalized Duke culture. Like most inherently fun things, the event was crude, dangerous, illegal and necessary to prohibit. It was a disaster in pink tights. And yet, as my smiling face will reveal to whatever my progeny may wonder about their ancestor’s distant youth, it was clearly a hell of a time. Brooke Hartley is a Trinity senior. Her column runs every other Thursday.

The Vorticists:

Rebel Artists in London and New York, 1914-1918 On view through January 2, 2011 “Long live the Vortex”

From the Vorticist Manifesto published in Blast, 1914.

Rare works from a short-lived but pivotal modernist art movement during World War I. The Vorticist style combines machine-age forms, vibrant colors and the energetic imagery suggested by a vortex. The Vorticists was co-organized by the Nasher Museum of Art at Duke University, the Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice, and Tate Britain. At the Nasher Museum, support for the exhibition is provided by the Mary Duke Biddle Foundation, Marilyn M. Arthur, Trent and Susan Carmichael, the Graduate Liberal Studies program at Duke University, James and Laura Ladd, and Olympia Stone and Sims Preston, with assistance from the British Council.

Nasher Museum members get free admission, free audio guides and 10% discounts in the store and café. Wyndham Lewis, Kermesse (detail), 1912. Ink, wash and gouache on paper, 13 3/4 x 13 13/16 inches. Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Fund and Gift of Neil F. and Ivan E. Phillips in memory of their mother, Mrs. Rosalie Phillips.


November 18, 2010

Page 3

Bull City Connector opens Duke to downtown by Sanette Tanaka THE CHRONICLE

Three months into operation, the Bull City Connector has increased traffic between Duke and the Durham art scene, but there is still room for improvement. The BCC, which started Aug. 16 through a collaboration between Duke and the city of Durham, is a free, publicly accessible bus system that includes stops at the Duke Medical Center, downtown Durham, the American Tobacco District and the Golden Belt arts complex. The bus system and the new routes it has created have significantly improved the visibility of the arts scene downtown, said Downtown Durham Inc. President Bill Kalkhof. “[Since Downtown Durham Inc.’s founding in 1993,] we have and are continuing to build an environment with restaurants and theaters and ball parks that would be of interest to people,� he said. “Now, we have way more students coming downtown than we used to because we’re creating an environment that they want to come to.� Approximately 1,300 students, employees and Durham residents ride the bus per day, and ridership has been increasing steadily since August, said Sam Veraldi, director of Duke Parking and Transportation Services. He added that their goal is to reach 2,000 riders per day by August 2011. “Generally speaking, everyone’s pretty happy with where we are at this point,� Veraldi said. “I do believe the buses have made a difference [in engaging students with the arts in Durham]. I like that we have provided another option for students to ride out into the city.� Gary Kueber, chief operating officer of real estate development company Scientific Properties, which developed Golden Belt, said the BCC has generated more traffic to the complex. “We have definitely seen an impact and increased activity,� Kueber said. “We have had a lot of people in good attendance and using the BCC for Third Friday, [a monthly, open studio event for artists and visitors].� Duke and Durham currently have no means to distinguish between the various groups that use the bus system. Veraldi estimated that of the Duke riders, about 70 percent are employees and 30 percent are students. Although this breakdown is “expected,� he said he would like to see more students utilizing the buses. A key advantage to the BCC is its benefits for employees,

including easier and faster commutes, Kalkhof said. He explained that this effect then stimulates the local economy. “One of the disadvantages of working downtown was driving and parking, but now we started successfully recruiting a number of Duke employees downtown,� Kalkhof said. He added that about 3,000 Duke workers currently commute into the city. Even so, the BCC is still underutilized, Kueber said. “I would love to see more students take advantage of it and use it to come to events and art happenings downtown,� he said. The marginal ridership may result from the hectic schedule of the average Duke student, said sophomore Chris Brown, Duke Student Government vice president for athletics and campus services. “Students are just going, going, going all the time and are not, necessarily, using all their free time to go out and

explore [Durham],� Brown said. “Since the BCC is about three months old, I don’t think a lot of students have found the chance or the reason to budget the BCC into their fastpaced daily routine.� To increase ridership among students, Brown said Parking and Transportation may reevaluate the BCC bus stops at Duke, which are currently located at Flowers Drive, Trent Drive and Erwin Road, to make them more convenient for students. Parking and Transportation is also considering offering incentive packages for events and performances downtown and extending the operating hours of the BCC, Veraldi said. “The whole notion of us trying to link the Bull City Connector to the Duke student base will be a focus area for next semester,� he said. Numbers about riding trends See bcc on page 8


IN DURHAM, AT DUKE, A NATION MADE NEW. 2 0 1 0 - 2 0 1 1


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photo illustration by nate glencer/The Chronicle

The Bull City Connector joins Duke to downtown Durham, and though it has seen extensive use by employees, the bus hasn’t been utilized by the number of students administrators were hoping for.



Page 4


November 18, 2010

Durham Arts Walk takes holi theme by Kyle Karnuta THE CHRONICLE

special to The Chronicle

special to The Chronicle

Forget Black Friday shopping—this w ham Art Walk Holiday Market can serve list, featuring handcrafted works of art fro artists. The Durham Arts Council hosts the s tour twice per year to provide an outlet f perience levels in the Durham area. Begin fall art walk will have a holiday theme. Th include paintings, jewelry, clothes, scarve and sculptures, Barclay McConnell, artist for the Durham Arts Council, wrote in an “There is such a variety of work at this tional to abstract,” McConnell said. The art walk will incorporate differ downtown area, including galleries, a furn al shop, the Durham Armory Building and the Durham Arts Council facility. Mixed-media displays will include the based artist Mikel Robinson. Accord Robinson wrote that his art serves “that existence is a precious gift no and that our lives are more than of days.” A focus on recycling unders event. Created by three artists materials such as glass bottles an of Burt’s Bees Giving Trees will be out the market. Burt’s Bees Lip Balm Ti other original pieces adorn the trees and public by donation. Additionally, the Scrap Exchange, D it creative reuse center, will offer gift using recycled materials. Building on this theme, environme Holsenbeck will sell art sculptures items. “I collect many things, among credit cards, pencils, shoes and ch beck wrote on his website. “I use th to make work, which transforms th prises us. We are used to using ‘stu throwing it away... but my work makes m tinual impact.” In addition to the artwork on display clude live music and food vendors, which throughout the gallery and business spa Mott, director of artist services, wrote in a The fare-free Bull City Connector will free shuttles will be available Sunday to around the five different sites. “The purpose of the Durham Art Walk to promote artists and also showcase down its many businesses, restaurants and uniq features,” DeMott said.

The Durham Art Walk is Saturday from 10 Sunday from 1 to 5 p.m. in the downtown Du formation is available at www.durhamartwalk

November 18, 2010

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Page 5


Six diverse pieces make up November Dances by Gracie Lynne THE CHRONICLE

The semester-long, combined efforts of roughly 50 to 60 staff members, faculty, guest artists and students will culminate in this weekend’s annual November Dances. The event highlights six vastly different works by visiting faculty Amanda Miller, guest artist Sujata Mohapatra, Andrea Woods, assistant professors of the practice of dance, Ava LaVonne Vinesett and juniors Danika Manso-Brown and Monica Hogan. “The thing that’s terrific about this year’s performance is that there’s something for everyone,” said Tyler Walters, associate pro- fessor of the practice of ballet and codirector of the Duke University Ballet Repertory Ensemble. “There’s h i g h energy in the African dance, elegant and detailed work in the classical Indian dance, a beautiful solo and ballet—which has its own kind of elegance.” A world-famous expert in classical Indian Odissi, Mohapatra will underscore the precision, rhythm and technical grace of this traditional genre through her dance, Walters said. Miller, who founded the Pretty Ugly Dance Company in Freiburg, Germany, will present a new piece this weekend, accompanied by the music of Bach. In contrast, Woods’ dance features the local old-time string sound of the Carolina Chocolate Drops, and Vinesett’s work­— deemed “fun and energetic” by Walters— stems from the African ritual dance of Kakilambe. Additionally, Manso-Brown and Hogan were selected by the dance department to have their pieces shown alongside worldacclaimed artists and esteemed faculty members. Manso-Brown’s solo work is entitled “Letters to Haiti,” inspired by the devastating earthquake earlier this year. She began choreographing the piece last semester after listening to classical music in a dance class. “This piece came so organically,” she s a i d . “It was something I felt so connected to. I

knew I would submit it for November Dances.” She added that representing such a large-scale and traumatic event in an authentic manner was challenging at times. “When you’re working with a topic that is so serious, it is hard to make it feel especially real and not corny or over the top in any way,” she said. “I definitely had to take the time to find the right emotions, ones respectful enough to perform because the [earthquake] affected so many people. It would only be right for me to put in the energy to make this dance possible.” “Letters to Haiti” begins with silence followed by spoken verb, which combines poetry and movement, in the first section, then closes with a second section featuring classical chamber music. “I really loved that I got to use spoken verb in my piece,” Manso-Brown said. “I liked being able to express myself in multiple mediums.” Hogan builds on Manso-Brown’s theme of strength during trying times while capitalizing on the versatility of an ensemble in “Common Thread.” Dancers include senior Sarah King, junior Anna Hevia, sophomores Catherine Bittar, Betsy Boxberger and Courtney Liu and freshman Zsofia Solta. Hogan acknowledged that the work is particularly timely because it deals with the role of women in society—a hot topic on campus right now. Her piece will explore subjects such as acceptance, self-consciousness, self-worth and body image. “I was thinking about all of the different ways women act in social situations and how the way we put ourselves forward changes how we interact with others and think about ourselves,” she explained. The piece is divided into five sections reflecting five different situations for women: alone, in a co-ed group, in the corporate world, as an individual with others present and finally, in a group of only women. To convey a sense of solidarity in the last section, Hogan assigned all her dancers the “homework” of creating a short character profile so they could better understand the individual nature of their persona, as well as their role within the larger context of women. “Even though someone can feel like they are the only person going through a struggle, the people you encounter every day are going through a lot of the same things as you—and maybe don’t communicate it,” Hogan said. November Dances will take place Nov. 20 at 8 p.m. and Nov. 21 at 3 p.m. in Reynolds Theater in the Bryan Center. Tickets are $15, $10 for Senior Citizens and $5 for students. Tickets are available at




tracy huang/The Chronicle


Page 6

rihanna loud def jam


Despite her Ronald McDonald-style hair, Rihanna is anything but kid-friendly on her new album Loud. A disjointed mix of sex-obsessed lyrics and trashy pop beats, Rihanna’s fifth studio release is a stark contrast to the innocent island vibe of her debut record, Music of the Sun. Apparently, a lot can change in five years— and I’m not just talking about hair color. For instance, who would have thought that the “Pon de Replay”-singing starlet from Barbados would one day release a song entitled “S&M”? As Rihanna sings, “Sticks and stones may break my bones/But chains and whips excite me,” one can only wonder to what extent the Chris Brown debacle has fueled such a change. Or take the song “Skin”: “So why you standing over there with your clothes on/Baby strip down for me.” Though the lyrics are reminiscent of the popular

November 18, 2010

“Rude Boy” from her previous album, “Skin” is slower, less interesting and lacking in the catchy pop style that made the former a hit. Although Rihanna’s lyrics have, you could say, “matured,” her vocal performance has not. Almost every track on Loud is merely that: loud. The singer’s range has not improved, and her voice is as electronically enhanced as ever. “California King Bed” and “Complicated” are the only songs in which Rihanna makes an attempt to expand her style, but both fall flat, leaving an unpleasant ringing in the listener’s ears. Still, Loud does have a few hits. “What’s My Name?” and “Only Girl (In the World)” have already reached number one and three, respectively, on the Billboard Hot 100, and “Raining Men” and “Love the Way You Lie (Part II)” have potential for popularity. However, as a whole, her latest release seems to be more a random collection of noise than a cohesive blend of artistic relevancy. We might have to ask Rihanna to stop the music soon. —Holly Hilliard

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morning glory dir. roger michell paramount pictures


Keep a bottle of Xanax handy—surviving the seizure-inducing first 10 minutes of Morning Glory is worth it. Bringing the same unforgettable touch he had with Notting Hill, director Roger Michell crafts Morning Glory to be everything an intelligent romantic comedy should be: charming, sensitive and refreshing. Becky (Rachel McAdams) is laid off from a New Jersey news station and accepts her lone job offer: producing a fourth-place morning show, Daybreak, where the only stable host, Colleen Peck (Diane Keaton), struggles to gain viewership. Becky’s business sense brings nine-time Peabody Award winner, and simultaneous third-worst person in the world, Mike Pomeroy (Harrison Ford) to co-host the show. Unfortunately, Pomeroy refuses to indulge in “fluffy” news stories, leading Becky on a journey to save the show from cancellation and explore whether a celebrated career is all she wants in life. The true triumph of the film was Marcia deBonis and Ellen Lewis’ casting. Ford is simultaneously grave and fantastic, evoking a stubborn and aging Dan Rather with a vast collection of colorful suit socks. Keaton is seductive in a sumo-wrestler suit as she battles a 400-pound Japanese man as a publicity stunt. Daybreak’s meteorologist (Matt Malloy) adds more than a few laugh-out-loud moments when he abdicates his post and takes to roller-coaster riding and skydiving with a handheld camera. Becky’s relationship with fellow producer Adam Bennett (Patrick Wilson) is unfortunately a subplot. An actor of Wilson’s caliber feels underutilized in the role, but it is reconcilable as Morning Glory is the story of Becky’s development—and not the story of their romance. A rock-solid soundtrack, featuring Hoagy Carmichael, Joss Stone, the Weepies and Newton Faulkner, covers up cinematographer Alwin Kuchler’s inattentiveness. Too many scenes were fuzzy from poor focus, and the overuse of genre-specific diagonal pans and rapid pull-focuses was irritating. Kuchler’s mistakes, however, are a small footnote to McAdams’ electric performance. McAdams elevates Morning Glory’s story and characters above the slew of recent forgettable romantic comedies, creating a coincidental resolution that audiences are more than happy to accept. —Dani Potter


November 18, 2010

Page 7

Label Abstract Logix hosts first music festival by Josh Stillman THE CHRONICLE

Jazz heads and Deadheads, rejoice. This weekend at the Lincoln Theater in Raleigh, local record label Abstract Logix is hosting the inaugural New Universe Music Festival, a two-day event that features some of the most influential figures in jazz and rock. The lineup consists of essentially a who’s who of “jazz fusion”—Ranjit Barot, Lenny White, John McLaughlin— but the organizers stress that to place any kind of label on the music would fail to do it justice. “The music we are presenting might be categorized as jazz or jazz-rock, but honestly the music that will happen at the festival covers a lot of musical grounds,” Abstract Logix founder Souvik Dutta said in an e-mail. “Overall the music defies any categorization. We are presenting rock, jazz, blues, world music.” Even the choice of venue represents a departure from

traditional notions of jazz. “I was looking for a club with a ‘rock’ vibe, and I could not think of a better place in our area,” Dutta said in reference to the Lincoln Theater, The whole of the musical spectrum seems to be represented by the diverse array of artists performing. Zakir Hussain is a master of traditional Indian music; Wayne Krantz performed extensively with jazz-rock icons Steely Dan; and Jimmy Herring is best known for his work with Widespread Panic, the Allman Brothers and the Dead. Though the technical skill of the bands may strike some as intimidating, New Universe is not just a musician’s festival. “The audience is everyone who loves the purity of honest music,” Dutta said. “I want the music to be heard and enjoyed by everyone.” Drummer Lenny White—renowned for his work on Miles Davis’ Bitches Brew and with Chick Corea’s landmark

jazz-fusion outfit Return to Forever—emphasized that the styles should appeal to younger listeners through their connections to other genres. “[The Triangle] is a college area, and a lot of college kids are into improvised music,” White said. “This is where jam-band music comes from.” All of the festival’s headliners have recorded albums on Abstract Logix. The label, founded in 2003 and based in Cary, is a multi-faceted company that handles recording, distribution, marketing and artist management, as well as fosters a community of fans and musicians through online forums. Dutta says this working relationship has helped create a unique environment for New Universe. “There is a great sense of respect and love among all the musicians, every one of them; [they] feel that this a very special, one-of-a-kind event,” he said. See jazz on page 8

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girl talk all day illegal art


In 2008, Girl Talk, a.k.a. mashup DJ Gregg Gillis, caused a stir when he released his fourth album, Feed the Animals, on a “pay what you want” basis. On Monday, Gillis stayed true to form and released his new LP, All Day, as a free download on his website and label, Illegal Art. All Day, a genre-bending 70-minute aural collage, has no bounds in the variety of music that is sampled. One of the album’s songs, “Jump on Stage,” features Iggy Pop’s “Lust for Life” instrumentals as the backdrop for the lyrics of Lady Gaga’s “LoveGame” and the Beastie Boys’ “Hey Ladies.” Girl Talk’s criteria for song-sampling still remain the same: an infectious beat, a catchy hook or a generation-defining anthem will garner inclusion into his compilations. Admittedly, most of the songs fall into the hip-hop or rap category, but overlapping Young MC’s rhythmic “Bust a Move” over Kylie Minogue’s sugary “Can’t Get You Out of My Head” is no easy feat. Girl Talk still manages to deftly weave in icons from grunge, indie-pop and punk to create a “Best-Of” infusion that remains current and danceable. For a mashup DJ, creative growth may seem difficult to attain, but All Day defines Gillis as more of an artist than a DJ. Girl Talk’s repertoire has evolved from the choppy mixing of a laptop disc jockey to more hit-worthy jams that can easily be played in clubs. Overall, Gillis’ latest effort is an easy substitute for any playlist your roommate might come up with, creating a beat-heavy party atmosphere while taking the listener on a roller coaster ride of nostalgic hits and Top-40 fare. Just get to it before the copyright lawyers do. —Katie Zaborsky

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Page 8

the pipettes

earth vs. the pipettes fortuna pop


As a girl group, it’s difficult for the Pipettes to avoid accusations of being a cheap gimmick. Had they released just a rehash of their first album, We Are the Pipettes, the charge may have stuck. With Earth vs. the Pipettes, however, the English band shows that it is at least willing to evolve its sound. Of course, part of the reason may be the fact that their current lineup has none of the original members. Regardless, their second LP is, thankfully, less nauseatingly saccharine and trades power-pop for disco and synth-pop. It’s almost unfortunate that this new group hasn’t been rebranded: They suffer most from simultaneously trying to meet old expectations while finding their own sound as a new group. The changes from the jangly pop of opener “Call Me” to the disco funk of “I Need A Little Time” to the dreamy “I Always Planned To Stay” are jarring and distracting. The entire album sounds more like

a loose collection of experiments than a functional, cohesive record. Many of the tracks, unfortunately, sound like tired efforts to reproduce songs from the group’s first effort. Thankfully, some of these forays into new ground are successes. The tracks with eclectic funk and dance influences are both the album’s catchiest and most accomplished. “Stop The Music” showcases the group’s ability to marry delicate vocals with rocking bass and synthesizer. Late standout “Finding My Way” features memorable, gospel-like singing, backed by multiple layers of voices and instrumentation lifted straight from ’80s dance floors. Although the original lineup of the Pipettes was a refreshing throwback to older brands of Phil Spector pop, it’s clear that the current iteration of the band doesn’t have quite the same talent for infectious music. Earth vs. the Pipettes is bogged down by trying to pander to this old standard. Hopefully, future recordings from the girl group will more fully embrace their new talents, to greater appeal. —Jeff Shi

November 18, 2010

BCC from page 3 should be available in 2011. He added that the main problem is the lack of knowledge and awareness of the BCC. “I don’t think students understand how close the Flowers bus stop is to the West Campus bus stop,” Veraldi said. “If they did, that would increase usage even more.” Even if students are better informed, there is the possibility they still might not use the services. “Awareness isn’t where we’d like it to be, but whether or not students will take advantage when awareness is high—I don’t know,” Brown said. The BCC provides the means and Durham provides the entertainment, but many students still hesitate to venture off campus. A culture shift and a different mindset, Kueber said, are necessary to motivate students to make the trek downtown—and that might take time. “We’ve got an ingrained culture of driving or staying in a single neighborhood,” he said. “It’s going to take a while for people to fully think about [using the BCC] as the backbone for their night out.”

jazz from page 7

Presenting The Annual Semans Lecture: Philip Rylands Thursday, November 18, 2010, 7 PM Meet Philip Rylands, director of the Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice, Italy. He will speak about the exhibition The Vorticists: Rebel Artists in London and New York, 1914-1918, which will travel from the Nasher Museum to the Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice (Jan. 29 to May 15, 2011). An occasional curator and frequent writer, Rylands is the author and editor of multiple books, scholarly articles and catalogues. He contributed an essay to the catalogue that accompanies The Vorticists. Reception to follow. Cash bar. Free and open to the public.

The Annual Semans Lecture is funded by the Mary D.B.T. and James H. Semans Lecture Series Endowment Fund. The Vorticists was organized by the Nasher Museum of Art at Duke University, the Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice, and Tate Britain. At the Nasher Museum, support for the exhibition is provided by the Mary Duke Biddle Foundation, Marilyn M. Arthur, Trent and Susan Carmichael, the Graduate Liberal Studies program at Duke University, Pepper and Donald Fluke, James and Laura Ladd, Olympia Stone and Sims Preston, and Nancy Palmer Wardropper, with assistance from the British Council. IMAGE: Photo of the Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice.

Organizing a festival in addition to the responsibilities of running a record label has presented certain challenges, Dutta admits. “The festival is a big undertaking,” Dutta said. “To present over 28 world-class musicians on the same stage for two days is quite a task.” With people coming from as far as Australia, Japan, Europe and India, however, Dutta said, he is confident that the work is worthwhile. The company’s website insists that, in spite of all the studio work they do, live performance comes first and foremost. White agreed, placing particular emphasis on the instrumental aspect of the performances. “It’s very easy to go see Lady Gaga on TV and the radio, but to get real musicians playing real instruments and improvising is getting harder to experience,” he said. “I hope what [New Universe] will do is bring closer to the front musicians that play instruments and… give a forum for audiences to come and check it out.” If only for two days, New Universe intends to highlight a realm of music that is struggling to maintain a foothold in today’s market. Regardless of its stylistic evolution, the heart of this event is jazz music, and it deserves a place in the current landscape. “You have jazz, an American art form, and it’s gone through a lot of different looks and changes, but it’s still jazz,” White said. “If jazz is wine, it’s like bringing wine to a kool-aid fest.” New Universe Music Festival takes place Nov. 21 and 22 at Lincoln Theatre in Raleigh. Advance tickets are available: $37 advance sale and $45 day of show on Saturday; $57 and $65 Sunday; and $90 for both days. For more information, visit www.

Nutcracker Carolina Ballet

Dec 4–5 at UNC’s Memorial Hall special to The Chronicle

Order tickets online or at the Box Office, (919) 843-3333 M–F 10am – 6pm

Fusion guitarist John McLaughlin is one part of the New Universe Music Festival’s diverse lineup, which includes both jazz and rock greats playing the same bills.



The Chronicle



November 18, 2010

Duke travels to Auburn tonight for its first road game of the season We have a collection of the ever-quotable Cole Grossman’s best hits from the year

men’s soccer

Duke looks to make at-large bid pay off

Despite a first-round exit in the ACC Tournament last week, the Blue Devils performed well enough throughout the fall to earn a spot in the postseason competition that matters most. Duke received an at-large bid to the NCAA Tournament, qualifying for the seventh consecutive year, and will host Coastal Carolina tonight at 7 p.m. at Coastal Koskinen Stadium. Carolina The No. 24 Blue vs. Devils (9-5-4) suffered from poor execution No. 24 against Boston College Duke in the first round of THURSDAY, 7 p.m. the conference tourKoskinen Stadium nament Nov. 10 and were unable to convert any of their nine shots into goals. The 1-0 loss to the Eagles snapped Duke’s three-game winning streak and left the team looking for a final opportunity to redeem itself. Fortunately, the Blue Devils have the chance to atone for their lackluster showing, but they face an opponent perhaps just as eager to make a splash in the NCAA Tournament. Coastal Carolina (12-7-2) has not won a tournament game since 2003,

but the Chanticleers are peaking at the right time. They received an automatic berth after knocking off top-seeded High Point 3-1 in the Big South Tournament championship game—behind a hat trick from senior midfielder Joe Anderson. Freshman Pedro Ribeiro, a product of Brazil, leads Coastal Carolina with six goals on the season, five of which were game-winning tallies. On the defensive end, goalkeeper Scott Angevine has posted seven shutouts on the year and received second-team All-Big South honors. But while the Chanticleers had little trouble dispatching their conference opponents throughout the season, they did not fare as well against teams from the ACC. No. 3 Maryland trounced Coastal Carolina 5-0 Nov. 5, and the Chanticleers fell to N.C. State 3-1 back in October. The Blue Devils, however, were not able to beat either of those teams as well. Still, it is fair to say that Coastal Carolina cannot match Duke’s offensive firepower. Sophomore Ryan Finley’s 17 goals are the second-most in the nation, and junior Chris Tweed-Kent is tied for sixth in the nation ted knudsen/The Chronicle

See m. soccer on page 8

Ryan Finley and the Blue Devils take on Coastal Carolina tonight in the first round of the NCAA Tournament.

Football Scouting the opponent

Georgia Tech misses Nesbitt, but still dangerous by Vignesh Nathan THE CHRONICLE

Georgia Tech began August with enormous potential. Coming off an ACCchampionship season, they were ranked No. 16 in the polls and were widely considered one of the contenders to win the

conference once again. However, the Yellow Jackets soon witnessed disappointment. After a strong start against South Carolina State, they went on to drop contests against Kansas, N.C. State, Clemson, Virginia Tech and Miami. It only took 14 days for them to

faith robertson/Chronicle file photo

Georgia Tech’s Anthony Allen is an NFL talent and is well on his way to hitting 1,000 yards rushing this year.

lose their ranking. And suddenly, they were no longer atop the ACC. In fact, they have dropped to fourth place in the Coastal Division, only two spots above Duke. Their main offensive weapon, quarterback Joshua Nesbitt, widely considered one of the most prolific athletes in college football, broke his arm two weeks ago and will likely miss the remainder of the season. Regardless, Georgia Tech does have all the tools necessary to pose a deadly threat to head coach David Cutcliffe and his Blue Devils. Sophomore quarterback Tevin Washington, Nesbitt’s back-up, showed signs of potential last week against Miami, completing 7-of-16 passes for 101 yards and rushing for 122 more. Washington’s statistics still may not seem particularly impressive, but consider that the Yellow Jacket offensive attack is predominantly ground-based, earning most of its yards from a very potent run attack. Against then-No. 20 Virginia Tech, the Yellow Jackets completed a mere two passes but still managed to score 21 points. They were able to find the end zone three times and move the ball 346 yards using an arsenal of five running backs. In another matchup against Middle Tennessee, Georgia Tech head coach Paul Johnson used 10 different running backs in a dominant 329-yard rushing performance. Bottom line: The Yellow Jackets like to run. “Although I don’t look on the offen-

sive side of the ball, I know that they do have some good running backs,” Duke running back Desmond Scott said. “It’s going to be a shoot-out.” Unlike most collegiate programs, Georgia Tech utilizes a triple-option offense, meaning three running backs (or two running backs and a fullback) line up behind the quarterback. This “third option” allows the offense greater mobility and forces the defense to further spread its players around and worry about more rushers. Combine this with a set of athletic wide receievers who can catch the long pass, and the Yellow Jackets will confuse any opposing defensive coordinator. “Georgia Tech runs the triple-option very effectively,” freshman linebacker Kelby Brown said. “It changes up our practice routine because it’s a whole other scheme. It’s so much run game, and we’re dealing with that a lot during practice.” However, no amount of practice will ever fully prepare the Blue Devils for the offense they will face on Saturday. Georgia Tech’s primary running back, Anthony Allen, has frustrated defensive lines all season long. Well on his way to 1,000 yards, Allen is turning the heads of professional scouts and will likely be listed on an NFL roster next year. And in his second-to-last regular season game, he will be facing a Duke defense that has traditionally been weak against strong rushing teams. It all seems to add up to a perfect storm for the Blue Devils Saturday.

8 | thursday, november 18, 2010 the chronicle

WOMEN’S Basketball

Duke travels to Auburn For the first time this season, the Blue Devils will be playing outside of the home-court comfort of Cameron Indoor Stadium. However, judging from their performance thus far, it won’t matter. Auburn Riding on a twogame win streak vs. with an average margin of victory of 20, No. 6 Duke travels down Duke south where they THURSDAY, 7 p.m. will face off against Auburn, Ala. Auburn (1-1). The No. 6 Blue Devils (2-0) not only look to defend their young, undefeated record, but also hope to continue their balanced attack, which includes a sharp frontcourt and a better backcourt. These efforts have been spearheaded by seniors Jasmine Thomas and Karima Christmas. Thomas, the star of last year’s squad, has averaged 14 points per game so far. And though her shooting percentage ranks among the team’s worst, her ability to get to the basket frequently stymies opponents. She hopes to continue the trend in Alabama. However, the season is young, and the Tigers may prove to be Duke’s greatest

m. soccer from page 7 in assists per game. Perhaps most importantly, the Blue Devils will have the services of senior Cole Grossman tonight after he sustained a shin injury that kept him off the field for part of the second half against Boston College. Grossman is a vital cog in

challenge to date. Auburn has historically had a strong women’s basketball team, boasting sixteen NCAA Tournament appearances since 1982. On the other hand, the Blue Devils will definitely be the Tiger’s toughest opponent thus far in the season. Coming off a loss to Florida State, Auburn has shown signs of weakness defensively, allowing three Seminoles to score in the double digits and giving up 16 offensive rebounds—providing them with vital second-chances to score. The brightest spot for Auburn is senior forward Jordan Greenleaf. The senior leads the team in points, rebounds, and steals. She’s a dominant force below the basket, hitting fifty percent of her shots, and she ranks among the best forwards in the SEC. If she breaks out with a stellar performance, Duke could have problems. For Auburn, the implications of this game are significant. A win against Duke will avenge a disappointing loss to Florida State and put the team in the national spotlight. For this reason, the Blue Devils will be careful not to overlook what seems to be a mismatch on paper. Auburn has the potential to compete for an upset win. —from staff reports the Duke attacking machine, possessing the ability to split a defense with precise through balls from the midfield. The Chanticleers and the Blue Devils have talent across the field. The only question remaining tonight is which side will be propelled to the next round. —from staff reports

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SINGLER from page 1 game against Miami of Ohio on “SportsCenter.” As of yesterday, it is considered a “trending” video on YouTube, with well over 400,000 hits in just a five-day span. By the team you read this, it may have hit the half-million mark. Bradley thought the video had a chance to be popular. But the fact that the video is already Blue Planet’s most popular ever surprised even him. “I’m overwhelmed,” he said. The first shots in the video take place in the Mike Krzyzewski Center for Athletic Excellence, Duke’s practice area. Associate head coach Chris Collins walked in during the filming of those scenes, talked over the shots that Singler planned to take and watched him attempt a halfcourt heave. He told Singler that, if he were to put this online, he’d have to admit how many takes it took before he was successful. “I told him that the only thing I wish is that he would have to come clean with the shots,” Collins said, laughing. Collins would most likely have never expected the time taken to be so short. Depending on whether you ask Singler or Bradley, the video only took either one or two hours to film. Singler said it all averaged out to about 20 to 30 attempts per shot. The coup de grace of the video, a shot Singler takes from the Crow’s Nest, high up in the rafters of Cameron, even came under a serious time limit. On the shot, nicknamed “The Dickie V,” Bradley said that Singler’s first try was to go for the swish. Cameron’s banners got in the way, though, so Singler then focused on trying to bounce it off the court and onto the backboard. The



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women’s basketball team was about to take the floor for practice. On either the 15th or 16th attempt, having limited himself to two more shots, Singler tried again. Buckets. “You just kind of have to place the ball in the right places,” he said. “But I mean, pretty much, they’re all lucky shots. There’s a little skill involved, but it’s pretty much all luck.” Lucky perhaps, but also beneficial to Duke’s program. In addition to the increased exposure given to Duke’s best player, the YouTube smash also showed a side of Singler not many fans have the access to see. In the YouTube comments underneath the video, Duke fans expressed their admiration. Even opposing fans, including those from North Carolina and Butler, showed begrudging respect. “I am a butler fan, and used to live walking distance away, and hate duke with a passion after last year, but I gotta admit, that was pretty sweet,” rowley94rowley wrote. “That’s the side we all see here of Kyle,” Bradley said. “You don’t see that on the court, but he’s got this fun-loving, kindhearted, goofy, adventurous side. The video just gets to show that personality.” Will there be a sequel to “Kyle Gets Buckets”? Bradley said that other trick shot videos may be in the works, and he’s explored the idea of a Kyrie Irving dribbling video. Collins said he thought Seth Curry, the son of former NBA sharpshooter Dell Curry, has probably spent enough time in locker rooms to “have some shots up his sleeve.” Until the sequel comes, though, Duke’s fans will have to stay content with “Buckets”—Duke Basketball’s first viral sensation.

Nov. 19 & 20 7pm. Advance tickets $13 thru Nov 17 at Alpine Ski Center(till 3pm Sat too), C&R Ski Outdoor, and triangle REI’s. $14 one hr before show at the Galaxy Cinema, Cary. Attend the show; get a voucher half off one lift when you buy one at Wintergreen. Brought to you by Sponsors; Alpine, C&R, Canaan, REI, Steamboat, Sugar Mountain, Telluride.

Also $5 raffle tickets for Northface and Kiltrec gear proceeds to NATIONAL FOUNDATION OF TRANSPLANTS; Glen Newhart wtvd/story?section=news/ local&id=7742079.

Durham Academy, K-12 College Prep School has possible coaching opportunities for the spring 2011 season in MS/HS girls lacrosse and MS baseball. Season runs from late Feb - early May. Fair hourly wage. Playing or coaching experience prefered. Daily afternoon practices and 1014 game schedule. Must have valid drivers license. Contact Steve Engebretsen, Athletic Director. 919 489-6569, ext. 6120

HELP WANTED The Museum of Life and Science in Durham is seeking Spring interns for our Investigate Health! exhibit. This is a great opportunity for people interested in science education to get hands-on experience with experiment-based learning. For more information visit Application deadline is December 1.

The Nasher Museum of Art seeks a Duke Graduate Student to work as a Visitor Services Supervisor during winter break. Candidates must be able to work from roughly December 11, 2010 through January 11, 2011. Shift includes weekends, but no night work required. Museum is closed on most holidays. Approximately 30-35 hours per week. Previous retail, banking or cash handling experience required. Send resume and brief letter of interest to David Eck at

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thursday, november 18, 2010 | 9

Diversions Shoe Chris Cassatt and Gary Brookins

Dilbert Scott Adams

Doonesbury Garry Trudeau

The Chronicle other “sensations”: mucinex and other crystal meth ingredients:����������������� twei, nina taydo has bieber-fever:������������������������������������������������� taydo, rupp matisyahu... jk:������������������������������������������������������������������������� xtine “le fever”:�������������������������������������������������������������������������charlie lee all we do is get buckets:�������������andyk, notorious v.i.g., levittator b-outs at chron-pagne:��������������������������������������������������cdiddy, nate parking in the allen lot on saturdays:������������������������������������� xtina unusual name spellings:������������������������������������������������������������alem Barb Starbuck has seen the sensations come and go:������������ Barb

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10 | thursday, november 18, 2010

Transportation transformation Transportation Demand men are allowed to have cars. Coordinator Brian Williams Disallowing the possibility of described the direction of adding more parking is a good transportation at Duke at last idea, considering the UniversiThursday’s Campus Council ty’s efforts to reduce the size of meeting. He explained that the staff and student body. the University Eliminating editorial would place an freshman parkemphasis on ing privileges, alternative transportation, however, is a move we do not rather than building more support. A move to prevent parking lots or decks. freshmen from bringing cars We agree with the shift to- to campus would force firstward alternative transportation year students to rely more and believe certain key changes frequently on sustainable and can make the transformation alternative forms of transpormuch more effective. tation. Currently, however, Alternative transportation this is not realistic given the on campus is currently on the present status of alternative right track. Parking at virtually transportation on campus. any university is a headache, Perhaps when alternative and Duke students are in fact transportation has been set spoiled compared to many. up as a vehicle for students’ Parking at Duke is inexpensive commuting needs, this may and relatively close, and fresh- become a reality.


Good commentary. I had many of the same thoughts while watching the game Saturday.

—“OptimistAlum” commenting on the story “Twooffense system’ doesn’t seem to work.” See more at

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The transformation from our existing transportation system to one so effective students do not need cars can be accomplished. The most important method is a better integration of the existing systems, such as the Bull City Connector, DATA buses and on-campus transport. The administration recognizes this, and plans to promote the Bull City Connector more. But current DATA routes and stops are barely known to students, and advertising these should also be a priority. Shuttling students from East to Central to West need not be the headache it is. The DuTrack system should be made workable. Among other benefits, it would allow students to check the web and see when buses are approaching. The current system has

unscheduled buses arriving at any time, and if DuTrack cannot be implemented, then more buses with regular schedules need to be installed. Additionally, a bus or shuttle van service for students from campus to places of interest, such as Southpoint mall, that runs regularly every few weeks would give students reliable access to places that DATA might not reach. Adding more ZipCars to campus would also allow students the opportunity to leave whenever necessary. We commend Duke’s changes to make transportation more sustainable thus far, and point to successful programs such as Duke Bikes. Making these programs more efficient—such as DukeCard-activated locks on bikes, allowing people to check

out a bike and return it to another location—is another potential option. Finally, Duke should work with Durham to make the journey from East to Brightleaf safer and more practical. This could instill a freshman culture of venturing into Durham without driving. From ZipCars to Duke Bikes to the recent introduction of the Bull City Connector, Duke has made impressive improvements to its alternative transportation infrastructure in the past few years. If Duke places greater emphasis on the systems that are already in place, alternative transportation can become an even greater part of student culture. We believe it can happen, and it should not be a long haul to get there.

Reclaiming our future

ednesday, a bipartisan task force that ing cuts with a 6.5 percent “debt-reduction sales we co-chair unveiled a bold, compre- tax.” hensive plan to dramatically reduce We would strengthen Social Security so it can America’s deficits and debt and pay benefits for the next 75 years strengthen our economy, en- Pete V. Domenici by gradually raising the amount abling the nation to reclaim its fuof wages subject to payroll taxes; Alice Rivlin ture. We urge the nation’s leaders slightly reducing the growth in to seriously consider it. the washington post benefits for the top 25 percent of The strong economy that has beneficiaries; raising the minimum made the United States the world’s leading pow- benefit for long-term, low-wage workers; indexing er is gravely threatened. Federal debt will soar in benefits to life expectancy; and changing the calthe coming years under current policies, endan- culation of cost-of-living adjustments to better regering our prosperity and our leadership. The flect inflation. We would not raise the age at which national debt will overtake the economy itself, senior citizens can begin receiving benefits. increasing our dependence on China and other We would control health-care costs­—the bigforeign lenders, draining our resources and re- gest driver of long-term deficits—by reforming ducing our living standards. This risks economic Medicare and Medicaid while, starting in 2018, crisis and threatens to turn America into a sec- capping and then phasing out the tax exclusion ond-rate power. for employer-provided health care. We would reBut this dire scenario is not inevitable. We can form medical malpractice laws and help address restrain the debt, rebuild our economy, restore the health costs tied to rising obesity by imposing our independence and ensure that America re- a tax on high-calorie sodas. mains a world leader. Restraining the debt can We would freeze domestic discretionary spendgive us a leaner, more-effective government, a ing for four years and defense spending for five, more efficient health system and a far simpler tax both at 2011 levels, and then limit their future system more favorable to economic growth. More- growth to the rate of growth in the economy. over, we can put the budget on a sustainable path Finally, we would cap domestic and defense without threatening the fragile recovery. discretionary spending (with tight exceptions for Our plan shows that a group of Democrats and true emergencies) and trigger across-the-board Republicans (including 19 former White House cuts if the caps are breached; enact a strict payand cabinet officials; former Senate and House as-you-go statutory rule for tax cuts or expansions members; former governors and mayors; and busi- of entitlements; and enact long-term budgets for ness, labor and other leaders) can craft a viable major entitlements while creating a Fiscal Acblueprint to tackle the nation’s most serious long- countability Commission that would recommend term economic challenges. policy changes every five years if entitlements are Here are the highlights: exceeding their budgets. To ensure a more robust recovery, we propose Many on the left and right will attack pieces of a one-year “payroll tax holiday” for 2011, suspend- our plan, just as they attacked the recent proposal ing Social Security payroll taxes for employers and from the co-chairs of President Barack Obama’s employees. We also would phase in the steps to fiscal commission. Indeed, some members of our reduce deficits and debt gradually beginning in group question elements of our proposal while sup2012, so the economy will be strong enough to porting the comprehensive package as a whole. absorb them. But the status quo is not an option, and everyWe would stabilize the debt held by the public one must sacrifice a little in the common interest. at less than 60 percent of gross domestic product, Our economic security and our future prosperity an internationally recognized standard; reduce depend on living within our means. annual deficits to manageable levels; and balance Bipartisan cooperation can provide a path to a the “primary” budget (everything other than in- stronger, more prosperous America. terest payments) by 2014. We would dramatically simplify the tax system, Pete V. Domenici, a Republican from New Mexico, establishing individual tax rates of 15 and 27 per- was chairman of the Senate Budget Committee. Alice cent (from the current high of 35), cutting the Rivlin was the founding director of the Congressional corporate tax rate to 27 percent (from 35 today), Budget Office and a director of the Office of Manageending most deductions and credits while simpli- ment and Budget in the Clinton administration. They fying the rest, and ensuring that nearly 90 million co-chair the Bipartisan Policy Center’s Debt Reduction households no longer have to file returns. To re- Task Force. This column originally ran in The Washduce the debt, we would supplement our spend- ington Post.

the chronicle

Brodhead’s letter self-contradictory


resident Brodhead’s recent “Dear Duke Students” letter was almost certainly a well-intentioned gesture. That doesn’t mean that it should get a free pass. In case you missed Brodhead’s Monday evening e-mail, it made three main points: 1) Duke has been getting some bad press recently, between tailgate, various “cartoonish images of gender relations,” etc. 2) Regardless, our students are connor southard “as intelligent, as thoughtful, as credead poet ative, and as concerned for others as any student body in the country.” 3) But there’s a lot of room for improvement in our overall culture, and students have to lead the way. “To the extent that there are features of student culture that strike you as less than ideal,” writes Brodhead, “I urge you to face up to them, speak openly about them, and have the courage to visualize a change.” As for the first point, it’s a statement of fact. As for the second point, thanks for the praise, Dr. Brodhead. Then we come to the heart of Brodhead’s message, the third point. He tells us, “You will show yourselves true Duke students to the extent that you regard this university as yours to envision and yours to make.” He tells us to “speak openly” and “visualize a change.” Happily, we already do a good deal of both. If you’re looking for student analysis of and prescriptions for “Duke culture,” try the opinion pages of The Chronicle, where Duke’s “culture” is regularly analyzed and discussed in editorials, columns amd letters to the editor as well as on the online comment boards. There are constant “visualizations of change.” The Chron isn’t perfect, but you can’t say that it does anything other than make it easy for students to air their diverse opinions in a publication that is widely read by all campus demographics. Or consider the work that the student-run Campus Council has done toward putting the house model in place on West. Consider last year’s heated and well-attended public forum on minority recruitment weekends. Consider DSG’s current summit on gender relations. The students involved in these initiatives are vocal, and they all have their various visions of what a better Duke might look like. Neither Brodhead nor anyone else can rightly claim that Duke students lack opinions or that we fail to voice them in a number of forums. Brodhead has to be aware of this fact. That being the case, why does he take the time to urge students to consider campus culture more than we already do? For all the vague loftiness of his rhetoric, it’s clear that Brodhead has a specific agenda. The true frame of his letter is the morally conclusive statement, “We’ve had our eyes opened to the serious costs of apparently harmless fun.” Hence the references to negative press, cancelled tailgate and the assertion, “we have too much drinking on this campus.” This is how Brodhead tells us just how “things could be made better here.” He implies that Duke needs less drinking and the projection of something other than what he dubs, “cartoonish images of gender relations.” A discussion of the merits of those two points is a matter for another column. But it is clear that Dr. Brodhead has some hints as to what he would prefer for students to envision when we “visualize a change.” Brodhead openly admits that his letter is an avuncular work, calling himself our “uncle in the Allen Building.” Brodhead’s letter is also paternalistic, urging students to reflection, discussion and action while making sure to recommend the exact conclusions that we might draw after such collective soul-searching. He wants us to develop our own sense of ethics in hopes that we’ll come to agree with his personal—and, where administrators are concerned, party-line—ethos. Brodhead wants us to think for ourselves as long as we think like him. That’s both contradictory and patronizing. If we think independently for long enough, this line of reasoning seems to suggest, we’ll decide that policies like the hair-trigger, unilateral cancellation of tailgate are what we have always really wanted. Sure we will. There’s no need to get too nasty. Given the relative tumultuousness of the past few months, a letter from Brodhead was called for. By and large, his piece was admirably optimistic and when it was patronizing, it was gently so. But let’s hope that the next message we receive from Brodhead or another Duke president is more coherent. Students making a “personal project” of bettering Duke is not and will never be the same thing as students deferring to the morals of administrators. Connor Southard is a Trinity junior. He is studying in New York for the semester. His column runs every Thursday.


thursday, november 18, 2010 | 11

Let’s talk about talking


anguage is powerful. As our primary medi- an assault on who people are rather than what um of communication, it affects us in ways they said, the efficacy of an anti-bigotry argument that even physical interactions cannot. Lan- is lost. People get turned off when they feel like guage allows us to bring the private their character, rather than their acinto the public, permitting others tions, is being questioned. An antito understand our thoughts and hate message can easily be lost in vice versa. Language is fundamentransmission when it is delivered tal, utilitarian and beautiful. clumsily—and that can, in turn, Language can also be terrifying. breed more misunderstanding. It can be overtly abusive and aggresThat being said, the fact that sive, or it can reveal discriminatory someone is not generally a hateful thought through its unspoken as- sandeep prasanna person doesn’t diminish the bigotry sumptions. Hate speech is one of in his or her “off-hand, joking, harmthe most effective tools of intimida- hooked on phonetics less,” offensive speech. We can’t distion, coercion and torture precisely miss sexist language just because the because our language affects and is affected by person who said it “has a lot of female friends,” our deepest emotional responses. or “really respects Duke women.” It’s especialIn the eyes of the law, hate speech is language ly dangerous to dismiss bigoted speech when it that directly incites violence. But we all know that comes from those who profess to care. These are speech doesn’t have to be violent to be hateful. the people who should be most invested in using So in common use, we define hate speech more careful language. The closer we get, the more we loosely: it disparages an individual or a group should care about others—that’s the foundation based on some characteristic or identity, such as of any good relationship. religion or sexual orientation. What conditions are we creating with our lanThe legal definition of hate speech is an extreme, guage? And what are the consequences? and it ignores the long, painful gradient leading up Why do more than one-third of LGBT young to it—language filled with subtle sexism, homopho- adults attempt suicide? Why do Duke women bia and racism. To define offensive speech only as leave this university with lower self-esteem than violence-inducing victimization is to forget the miles when they arrived? How many of these cases were of “soft bigotry” (as George W. Bush called it) that driven by explicit hate speech, and how many line much of what our culture says and does. were the result of soft bigotry? Some of us have personally dealt with hate Language doesn’t have to be the verbal equivspeech, but many more of us deal with soft bigotry alent of picking up a metal bat to cause pain. every day. Consider the lesbian student who feels Averted eyes or indifference—or refusing to ununcomfortable with her peers’ hetero-normative derstand how some jokes can be upsetting—can assumptions, or the Jewish student reluctant to sometimes be worse. call out an anti-Semitic joke for what it is. The consequences of hateful language won’t Or the hundreds of Duke women who, before ever leave the news unless there is a dramatic the university rose in protest, allowed themselves shift in our collective psyche. I’m not entirely to be called “sluts” and “bitches” because they ei- convinced this is possible. To hate is as human ther found the language harmless or they feared as it is to eat and breathe. We find it natural and social consequences if they raised their voices. easy to construct our identities in opposition to In the wake of several highly publicized e-mails others. These in- and out-group associations, exsent by fraternities to campus women, student plicitly demarcated or not, determine much of groups began to discuss the campus cultural con- how we interact with other people. And because ditions that led to the e-mails and offer plans of language is another obvious marker of identity, action for future change. Maybe we have a deep our language use affects and is affected by these cultural problem, and maybe we don’t. Maybe other identities. these working groups will begin to resolve our isThe beauty of human cooperation, though, is sues. I’m not sure. that we are able to prevent the construction of our But I do think we—here at Duke and outside as own identities from leading to the destruction of well—might have a problem with dialogue about others’. We can hold back our aggression. We can bigoted speech. We have a problem with talking demonstrate love and caring through our words. about talking. Language is powerful. While we can’t necessarEveryone has a responsibility to be careful with ily count on our society to rise up and assume colhis or her words because language is so powerful. lective responsibility for what we say or do, we can But we often find it difficult to separate what one take ownership of our own individual language says from who one is. Saying something racist or and the consequences it engenders. homophobic doesn’t necessarily mean that someOur words are the mirror of our thoughts onto one is a racist or a homophobe. To be sure, there our world. What are we reflecting? And what sort is a decent correlation—chauvinists do tend to be of world are we constructing? chauvinistic. But boiling a stranger’s character Let’s talk—about talking. down to a few misguided statements hardly does justice to the complexity of his or her experience Sandeep Prasanna is a Trinity senior and a Proand identity. And we all make mistakes. gram II major examining change in language. His colWhen post-conflict discourse is dominated by umn runs every other Thursday.

12 | thursday, november 18, 2010

the chronicle

We are pleased to announce The Class of 2014 Baldwin Scholars

PROVOST’S LECTURE SERIES 2010/2011 speaker_series



Arguing that American notions of progress have emerged out of encounters with disasters, Professor Rozario examines the proposition that experiences with recent disasters have finally ruptured the relationship between calamity and progress. 8003

8003_Provost_Ad_Nov_Rozario.indd 1

10/11/10 12:11 PM

Audrey Adu-Appiah Grace Benson Lauren Carroll Emily Davis Leilani Doktor Valentine Esposito Rebekah Johnston Anna Koelsch Alexandria Lattimore Andrea Lewis Flora Muglia Kamika Shaw Shweta Shukla Esha Solanki Elizabeth Tobierre Sarah Wang Jessye Waxman Mia Wise

November 18, 2010 issue  
November 18, 2010 issue  

November 18, 2010 issue of The Chronicle