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The Chronicle T h e i n d e p e n d e n t d a i ly at D u k e U n i v e r s i t y

FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 17, 2010

DUKE

ONE HUNDRED AND SIXTH YEAR, Issue 17

www.dukechronicle.com

BAMA

Live or die

WALLACE WADE • SATURDAY • 3:30 p.m. • ABC

University Blue Devils prepares for ready for Crimson Tide champs by Ciaran O’Connor

by Sabreena Merchant

Duke is preparing for a big weekend. If the Blue Devils stem the top-ranked Crimson Tide tomorrow, it might just be the biggest upset in college football history. Whatever happens on the field, though, the University is preparing for a rush of Duke and Alabama fans alike. The University has retrofitted the soldout Wallace Wade Stadium with about 4,000 bleacher seats across the upper concourse and north and south end zones, said Boo Corrigan, senior associate director of athletics for external affairs. In order to accommodate the Tide’s flow into Durham, Duke has set up a lot off 15-501 where Alabama fans can park their recreational vehicles. Corrigan anticipates that approximately 100 RVs will be in the lot Saturday. “There certainly will be a strong Alabama presence,” he said. Although traffic might be congested, the University will encourage fans to utilize all of its 13,000 parking spots, including those in lots near the Duke University Medical Center. As the Tide fans roll in, the Duke University Police Department will continue to

The national spotlight is on Duke this weekend, and it’ll shine its brightest tomorrow in Wallace Wade Stadium. After years of planning and with decades of history in the backdrop, the young Blue Devils (1-1) will face their biggest test of the season against No. 1 Alabama (2-0) Saturday at 3:30 p.m. While much of the focus is on the reigning national champions—and the return of the defending Heisman Trophy winner Mark Ingram—Duke faces its own questions independent of the Crimson Tide after a lackluster finish in its 54-48 loss to Wake Forest last week. “Because of our performance in the first two games, I’m a whole lot more interested in Duke than I am Alabama coming out of this football game,” head coach David Cutcliffe said. “I have great respect for Alabama, I have great respect for who they are and what they have accomplished, but I have concerns about Duke right now.” Those concerns start on the defensive side of the ball for the Blue Devils. Duke has conceded 453 yards of offense per game,

See preparations on page 6

See alabama on page 11

THE CHRONICLE

THE CHRONICLE

margie truwit/The Chronicle

The University has added an additional 4,000 seats to Wallace Wade Stadium in order to accommodate the number of fans that will attend tomorrow’s sold-out football game against Alabama.

ONTHERECORD

“Our baby boomer parents have proven that they can’t deal with these hard issues.”

­—Associate. Professor of Public Policy Studies Don Taylor. See story page 4

daniella choi/The Chronicle

Students stage a die-in on the Bryan Center Plaza Thursday in support of the DREAM Act, which would allow undocumented young people who grew up in the U.S. to become legal citizens.

arts and Sciences council

Budget cuts likely to affect faculty size by Kevin Thurman THE CHRONICLE

The Arts and Sciences Council discussed the financial outlook for the year at its first meeting of the semester. Alvin Crumbliss, interim dean of the faculty of Arts and Sciences and dean of Trinity College, addressed Council members Thursday and discussed Trinity’s financial state. Crumbliss emphasized change, entrepreneurship and sustainability as keys to maintaining a balanced budget and reducing costs. “Six hundred forty five regular ranked faculty [members] cannot be sustained in the world of a balanced budget,” he said. “We’ve been forced to reduce staff, hold salaries constant for two years and cut back our department budgets by 10 percent.” Crumbliss added that next year, the number of faculty members added must be fewer than the number of faculty members who leave the University. Erik Wibbels, associate professor of political science, asked how the cuts would occur across the academic departments. “There was a similarly difficult portrayal of the budget last year in the same speech,” Wibbels said. “[This] implies the shrinking of the college in terms of the faculty. How are cuts going to be allocated?” Crumbliss said the University has been working proactively with faculty who have expressed interest in retiring, and will largely reduce the size of the

How to live like a Duke football player, Page 3

faculty through attrition. Last October, Provost Peter Lange announced that the University would create a central fund for deans to add to the retirement packages of professors who meet the Rule of 75—meaning their age and their years of service sum to at least 75—and would commit to retire by June 30, 2011. In April, Lange said 14 professors had accepted the incentive. Despite budgetary constraints, however, Crumbliss stressed that undergraduate research and other new programs—including laboratories in humanities classes and global education initiatives—will continue to receive substantial funding. The council also evaluated two online courses that were offered for the first time this summer. Paula Gilbert, associate dean and director of Duke continuing studies and summer session, emphasized the growing amount of online courses in other University departments—like the Fuqua School of Business and the School of Nursing—and the unique advantages of offering classes online. “We are looking to identify new ways to make intellectual connections with undergraduates and all kinds of summer experiences they engage in,” Gilbert said. Faculty members, however, were reluctant to support the expansion of online courses. The preliminary results of the See council on page 6

Outpatient pharmacy “running smoothly,” Page 3


2 | friday, september 17, 2010 the chronicle

worldandnation onschedule...

Visualization Friday Forum LSRC D106, 12-1 p.m. Felice Frankel presents Picturing to Learn: A New Approach to Finding Students Misconceptions in Science Education.

on the

Free Framing Workshop Bryan Center Meeting Rooms A & B, 3-6p.m. A hands-on experience. Works will be selected for the 2010 Duke Arts Festival exhibit.

9164

SATURDAY:

8963

Megafaun & Fight the Big Bull Hayti Heritage Center, 8-10 p.m. Enjoy an exclusive live recording event featuring the rustic avantgardists team Megafaun with Fight the Big Bull.

web

“Fishell’s frequent silences seem to stem from a lack of preparation rather than from moments of intentional contemplation. The absent connection between the audience and Winnie is painfully evident, creating an uncomfortable environment that barely allows even awkward, forced laughs from the audience.” — From The Playground playground.chronicleblogs.com

Phelan M. Ebenhack/The Washington Post

Josh Sims of Lighting Science Group checks LED lightbulbs before they are shipped from the manufacturing facility in Florida. Innovations have allowed the company to compete with other manufacturers while producing domestically, but Lighting Science Group, like many other companies, is being tempted to take production to China and Mexico, where labor is cheaper.

TODAY:

Day, n. A period of twenty-four hours, mostly misspent. — Ambrose Bierce

TODAY IN HISTORY

1932: Gandhi begins fast in protest of caste separation.

Justice department reviews Pope offers sharp critique voting machine company of abuse scandal WASHINGTON, D.C. — The Justice Department is scrutinizing the actions of the nation’s largest voting machine company, according to court records and sources. Federal prosecutors in Manhattan are investigating the awarding of a $50 million contract by New York City in January to Election Systems & Software, according to sources familiar with the probe. The company provided voting machines used in Tuesday’s elections in New York City and the District of Columbia. The sources spoke on condition of anonymity, because it is unclear whether any charges will be filed. The criminal investigation follows an antitrust lawsuit the Justice Department filed in March against the Omaha, Neb.-based company over its merger with a leading competitor. That lawsuit was settled after the Justice Department required the elections firm, known as ES&S, to divest key assets it had purchased from the competitor.

off the

wire...

India reviews Kashmir

LONDON — Pope Benedict XVI on Thursday began a four-day tour of Britain, the first-ever state visit by a pontiff to the nation, by offering his sharpest critique yet of official lapses that allowed thousands of children to be sexually abused by clerics in a scandal that has rocked Catholic churches across Europe. Speaking to reporters on the plane from Rome to Edinburgh, the first stop on his British tour, Benedict expressed “sadness” that “the authority of the church was not sufficiently vigilant and not sufficiently swift and decisive to take the necessary measures” to prevent the crimes. Though most of the cases date back decades, the majority have come to light over the past year. Benedict said that abusive priests suffered from an illness that mere “goodwill” could not cure and that they must never have access to children.

Clinton wraps up Middle East talks for now


the chronicle

friday, september 17, 2010 | 3

Football program helps players keep healthy habits by Tullia Rushton THE CHRONICLE

Team strategy and physical ability are not the only factors that contribute to football success—players must focus on nutrition and sleeping schedules as well. The Duke football program collectively understands that eating well and sleeping regularly has a significant effect on both practices and games. “We preach sleep and nutrition all the time,” said David Cutcliffe, head football coach. “We are very conscious about that.” The diet arranged for players, which revolves around a balance of carbohydrates, proteins and fats, is centralized around the practice of healthy eating, said Hap Zarzour, senior athletics trainer who works with the football team. “We aim for a diet... that is sound and provides enough calories to produce enough energy to be able to practice and maintain [players’] weights,” he said. Zarzour added that players generally eat four or five meals per day to consume enough calories to have enough energy for training and practice. A typical meal for redshirt-sophomore and offensive guard Brian Moore consists of a “big carb”—such as a baked potato or pasta—a meat, fruit and a limited portion of dessert. “[Since] we practice so much, we exert so much energy and burn so many calories, the important thing is hydration and drinking water,” Moore added. Zarzour said although the whole team

generally follows the same nutritious guidelines, there is some variation in diet from player to player depending on whether they need to lose, maintain or gain weight. One of the biggest challenges for players, Zarzour said, is finding enough time in between classes and practices to eat, adding that from time to time players will not perform as well or cannot finish practice because of eating something they should not have or from not eating at all. “We wouldn’t want [the players] eating a greasy hamburger or pizza before practice because they’ll get sick,” Zarzour said. “[But] when they don’t eat enough, there’s not enough fuel in the tank and they run out of gas.” As permitted by the NCAA, the staff can provide players with one meal per day, through the training table, which helps them get at least one solid meal amid their busy schedules. Junior Matt Daniels, a safety, said the table always has two or three meats, pasta and a salad bar and “mixes it up” daily with additions such as a taco bar or tofu. “The training table provides [us with] the nutrients that we may lack or don’t get throughout the day,” Daniels said. Zazour said that in addition to diet and nutrition, players need an adequate amount of sleep to be fully rested for practices and games, adding that players should get eight to nine hours of sleep every night. To ensure players are well-rested and mentally prepared the night before both

The x factor

tracy huang/The Chronicle

Xaviera Simmions, an artist based in New York, speaks at the Nasher Museum of Art Thursday. Her work was commissioned by the museum for “The Record: Contemporary Art and Vinyl.” home and away games, the entire team spends the night in a hotel, said Moore, adding that it is the best sleep he gets all week. Good sleep habits aren’t only beneficial for the players, but extend to the coaches as well. Cutcliffe said he is one of the few college football coaches to go to bed early the night before a game. “One of the things I’m going to do is to

try to find a way to get eight hours of sleep the night before a ball game and I believe I’m much better when I do that,” he said. Still, sticking with the football dietary requirements and getting enough sleep could be hard for a typical college student. “[Football] players need to be very disciplined in their life to be successful,” Zarzour said.


4 | friday, september 17, 2010 the chronicle

Discussion kicks off series Despite inconvenience, pharmacy change works of talks over policy gridlock by Andrew Karim THE CHRONICLE

Nine months since the closing of the Student Health Pharmacy, Dr. Bill Purdy, executive director of Student Health, said that the Outpatient Pharmacy manager regularly reports that operations are “running smoothly.” Prior to its closing, the pharmacy was located in the Student Health Center on West Campus and had been in operation for 40 years. Financial difficulties since 2005, however, forced administrators to

shut down the pharmacy in December 2009. All prescriptions were transferred to the Outpatient Pharmacy in the Duke Hospital South Clinic. Purdy no longer directly oversees pharmacy services for students, but he wrote in an e-mail that he has heard few complaints since the pharmacy closed. But some students have said they have noticed a longer wait and changes in the quality of service. Dani Schocken, a junior and regular See pharmacy on page 6

by Chinmayi Sharma THE CHRONICLE

A Vanity Fair magazine article written by Todd Purdum, a national editor and political correspondent for Vanity Fair, served as the inspiration for a roundtable discussion on public policy gridlock Thursday afternoon. The event, which took place in Rubenstein Hall, marked the start of a two-year series of programming started by David Schanzer, associate professor of the practice for public policy, and Don Taylor, associate professor of public policy studies, called “Gridlock—Can our system address America’s big problems?” The series will focus on how the national government can address problems facing the nation such as global warming, health care and the economy and is scheduled to run until the 2012 presidential election, when Schanzer and Taylor hope it will lead to an academic program at Duke. “Don Taylor popped his head in my office during the summer of the health care reform debate when it was a really hot subject,” Schanzer said when asked to describe the inception of the program. “He blogged regularly and knew I had a history in federal government so we got into several conversations answering questions on processes and discussed fact distortion [and] problems with the media.” Schanzer agreed that these issues were indicative of a larger problem that the Sanford School of Public Policy should address. The 27 attendees at the discussion Thursday included graduate students from Sanford and the Pratt School of Engineer-

ing, as well as Duke faculty and a small group of undergraduate students. Led by Schanzer and Taylor, the meeting was a discussion open to any input about public policy or suggestions about the program. “The U.N. was trying to make a legally binding global environmental agreement for post-2012 when the Kyoto conference expires,” said Naima Ritter, a senior who was in Copenhagen during the 2009 Copenhagaen Climate Conference. “Over 100 states participated, but it was so frustrating to see nothing was getting done for such a pressing matter due to political gridlock.” She added that that was the reason she and several others attended the meeting. Schanzer and Taylor carefully steered the conversation away from political debate and toward policy discussion. “My biggest motivation to start [this] series over [the] next couple years is to tell you guys that are younger than me that you have got to be involved... because it affects you and me,” Taylor said. “Our baby boomer parents have proven that they can’t deal with these hard issues.” Taylor clarified that he did not want to assign blame for problems but rather to think of innovative solutions. He added that he believes these issues of media dishonesty, the effects of primaries and people’s inability to sacrifice for the greater good all transcend party lines. “I don’t see partisanship as being inherently evil,” Schanzer said, adding that See gridlock on page 6


the chronicle

friday, september 17, 2010 | 5

campus council

Administrators confirm 2012 switch to house model by Nicole Kyle THE CHRONICLE

Amid speculation and rumors about changes to the housing system, University officials confirmed Thursday that certain residential models will be retained, though a new model is slated to be implemented by Fall 2012. Steve Nowicki, dean and vice provost for undergraduate education, attended the Campus Council meeting Thursday night to address issues surrounding the house model. He noted that although houses—blocked residence hall sections—will not necessarily be themed or group-driven, social selective groups will retain rights to a section under the new model. He also confirmed that East Campus will remain exclusive to first-year students. Nowicki cited equity and community as the key issues in

eliza bray/The Chronicle

Steve Nowicki, dean and vice provost for undergraduate education, spoke about the proposed house model at Campus Council’s Thursday

the switch to a new model. “In our current residential system, there are some residents that are privileged over others,” Nowicki said. “Social selective groups have a level of privilege, and then there are the independents who have a much lower level of privilege.” Nowicki referenced cohesive living units and the opportunity to return to a section every year as some of the benefits selective groups enjoy over independent students. “This house model will enjoy what’s good about the system, and give that same privilege to everybody,” he said. Nowicki clarified that the new housing proposal is different from the one that was in place until 2001—the current quad model was introduced that year. He compared the new residence experience to a neighborhood, encouraging a cohesive community. “The quad model emerged out of something much more chaotic,” he said. Nowicki said the various house model working groups, composed of administrators and students, are developing a skeleton of principles for the model and will next focus on logistics. The 2012 model was proposed in 2006, as part of New Campus, which would better accommodate the new model, Nowicki said. New Campus construction, however, was delayed due to the recession, and administrators are focusing on other ways to implement the new model on existing structures. Goals for the short term, Nowicki said, include working out a final draft of the Duke house model, continuing work on Central Campus and transportation and focusing on improvements to Edens Quadrangle. “What we are going to reach at the end of this process is not perfection—perfection is in the long run,” he said. “I can’t wait that long for current Duke students and I won’t let perfect get in the way of the good that will come from the house model.” In other business: Joe Gonzalez, associate dean of Residence Life and Housing Services, affirmed Nowicki’s plans to continue improvements on Central, noting that a promenade connecting the two ends of Central will be completed in early December. Further work, like painting and roof replacements for

apartments, will begin in October. RLHS is also in the process of identifying interior work and outdoor stairwell maintenance that will take place next summer. The Council also voted to expand the newspaper readership program, adding an additional newspaper box in Mill Village on Central. Applications for spots on the Residential Group Assessment Committee and the Approval Removal Committee under the Collaborative Housing Process are being accepted until Sept. 26, said Public Relations Director Jeremy Ruch, a sophomore. Spots are open to residentially unaffiliated students, and the Campus Council Executive Board will review applications before electing members to each of the committees. The Interfraternity Council and the Selective House Council will appoint one representative each to the ARC and two representatives each to the RGAC. The Council also approved a $162,000 budget for this year, an increase over last year as a result of $54,000 in rollover funds, said Treasurer Leslie Andriani, a junior.


6 | friday, september 17, 2010 the chronicle

council from page 1 faculty Budget Solutions Poll revealed strong opposition to online classes. Council Chair Ruth Day shared one comment, written by a faculty member who responded to the survey, that read, “Are you insane? Is this buy-a-degree-online U or is it Duke University?” Gilbert, however, said that faculty members may not have a clear understanding of online courses and that the prevalence of technology in classrooms has blurred the definitions of traditional classrooms and online courses. She added that Harvard and Stanford Universities both offer classes online. Further, Gilbert said based on a recent evaluations compiled by the Office of Assessment, Duke’s two online summer courses were both effective and educational despite some technological glitches. Kristen Stephens, assistant professor of the practice in the Program in Education, taught EDUC 168: “Reform in American Classrooms.” Stephens said that many students felt more engaged in this online class than in face-to-face courses.

“[Students] are very used to multitasking,” Stephens said. “[They can listen] to people in class and... browse the Internet and get more information about what they are studying, what they are interested in.” Cathy Shuman, visiting assistant professor of English, taught ENGLISH 109S: “Special Topics in Creative Writing,” this summer. She said online was the only option for the class because students were located in various countries. Shuman added that although she initially missed the traditional classroom setting, students actually provided more thoughtful comments in her online course. In other business: Following the presentations on the online courses pilot program, Director of DukeEngage Eric Mlyn discussed how DukeEngage is affecting student-faculty interaction. Mlyn, who was reappointed Tuesday as DukeEngage director through June 30, 2016, said although students mostly have positive experiences with DukeEngage, they do not tend to enroll in Fall courses that expand upon their experiences. He added that athletes were underrepresented in the program and Asian students were slightly overrepresented.

preparation from page 1 make special preparations for Saturday’s game and the student pre-game Tailgate festivities. “We’ve been planning for some time,” DUPD Chief John Dailey said. “We have more staff and we’re bringing in the staff earlier. We’ll have well over 50 police officers on campus throughout Saturday.” Dailey also made clear that any tailgating activities in the off-campus Alabama lot would fall under the purview of the Durham Police Department. Although this might mean added work for DPD, Corrigan said the city itself stands to make $6 million Saturday, largely through increased hotel and restaurant business. “This is going to be a happening in Durham, a gathering of people that are excited about something,” Corrigan said. “This is a significant step for Durham.” Although he noted that fewer than 600 tickets were sold in Alabama on a season ticket basis, Corrigan still believes there will be a lot of Alabama fans at Wallace Wade Saturday. “We gave Alabama a supersized version of what we would give our conference opponents,” he said regarding the amount of tickets given to the away team. Still, Athletics hopes the home team will be heavily represented in the stands. Indeed, the student section was expanded by moving the marching band onto the concourse. Concession stands were instructed to stock twice the amount of goods they would carry for a normal game, Corrigan added. Supersized or not, tomorrow’s Tailgate will be supervised like any other. “We’ll have all the appropriate health and support personnel... working very closely with student leaders,” said Larry Moneta, vice president for student affairs. “It’s a collaborative effort and I feel pretty confident about the experience we’ll see this weekend.” Although Alabama is the overwhelming favorite to win, Duke students are looking forward to playing the topranked college football team in the country. “Mark my words,” sophomore Kevin Fertig said. “We’ll come to play.” Matthew Chase contributed reporting.

gridlock from page 4 it does stop the government from addressing the nation’s problems effectively. Schanzer and Taylor hope the program will help prepare students to address these problems once they leave Duke. This new academic option will go into effect in 2012 and will include a research component with stipends for honors theses, a blog to be updated by undergraduate and graduate students, a speakers’ series with prominent public figures and a course on gridlock to be taught by a variety of professors. The attendees had varied opinions on gridlock, which Schanzer and Taylor encouraged as an effective way to approach the problem and an indication that Duke is in need of a program like this.

pharmacy from page 4 pharmacy customer, cited a loss of a “personal” care with the closing of the Student Health Pharmacy. “While the changeover may have reduced costs and streamlined operations in the hospital, I feel that there has definitely been a level of inconvenience imposed on students,” Schoken said. “It goes back to the fact that pharmacists at the former Student Health Pharmacy had a personal touch to the way they worked with students. For example, pharmacists would take the time to teach students how and when to take the medicine and discuss side effects—you just don’t get that kind of attention here.” The Outpatient Pharmacy administration did not respond to multiple requests for comment. Still, Purdy said transferring responsibility for student services to the Outpatient Pharmacy does have some advantages. “The Outpatient Pharmacy has a much larger inventory plus a large selection of over-the-counter preparations for sale,” Purdy said. “The costs of medical care is something the entire country is dealing with. We are doing all we can to provide excellent medical care at a reasonable price.” The pharmacy had run a deficit since 2005 and had operated on reserve funds. Purdy said he could not comment on the savings for the University from shutting it down, however. Dean of Students Sue Wasiolek said she thinks things are generally going well at the Outpatient Pharmacy and added that in the space formerly occupied by the student pharmacy Duke will build a more efficient lab.


the chronicle

friday, september 17, 2010 | 7

Blue Devil Living A guide to buying, renting and furnishing a home or apartment for Duke University and Medical Center. Week of September 17, 2010


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FRIDAY

September 17, 2010

Duke Men’s Golf opens its season today with the Fighting Illini Invitational. PAGE 10 Check out our podcast previewing the game everyone is talking about: Duke-Alabama

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men’s soccer

Campbell Bragging rights, ACC on the line continues domination by Jay Vitha THE CHRONICLE

After a scoring frenzy from Ryan Finley and the Blue Devils Tuesday night, Duke fans left Koskinen Stadium, wondering what the sophomore and his team would do next. Those fans will find out tonight, as No. 11 Duke plays rival No. 4 North Carolina in its second conference match at Koskinen Stadium at 6:30 p.m. The Blue Devils No. 4 (2-0-2, 1-0-1 in the UNC ACC) will be led by vs. Finley, who has scored No. 11 seven goals in his last Duke three games, including three Wednesday FRIDAY, 6:30 p.m. night against George Koskinen Stadium Washington and the heroic, game-tying goal late in Saturday’s match against No. 2 Virginia. While Saturday’s tie might have been a let down for Duke after leading the Cavaliers for most of the game, the team bounced back in its match-up against the Colonials, capturing a convincing 4-0 win. It seems like the Blue Devils have hit their stride recently, bolstering confidence in a team that lost three scrimmage matches in August. “In the first few games, we were finding out which combinations worked best,” head coach John Kerr said. “Over the past three games, we’ve found out about our

by Stuart Price THE CHRONICLE

One can only imagine how Duke would have fared last year had it not been for the brilliant play of then-freshman goalkeeper Tara Campbell. Although the Blue Devils suffered an unexpected nine loses in 2009, Campbell still managed to lead her injuryriddled team to a NCAA Tournament berth. Along the way, she happened to set the Duke single season saves record, post a No. 5 .807 save percentage Florida and be named to the vs. All-ACC second team and All-ACC freshNo. 15 man team. Duke In frightening FRIDAY, 8:45 p.m. news for Campbell’s Koskinen Stadium opponents, the nowsophomore seems to have gotten even better. Seven games into the 2010 campaign, Campbell has already recorded five shutouts, only one less than her 2009 total. More notably, the goalkeeper has shut out opponents in four straight games. “Tara is in a great groove right now,” head coach Robbie Church said. “She has really connected in with our back players. We are very fortunate. [She’s] one of the best goalkeepers in the country.” Coming off a 0-0 tie against Florida International last Friday, Campbell made a huge stop Sunday against Yale to preserve a 1-0 victory. After a defensive lapse afforded a breakaway for the Bulldogs, Campbell rushed off her line and rejected Yale of a game-tying score. “[That save] was so important [because] the team and the coaches knew, ‘Hey I’m still back here if we make a mistake, I can clean things up,’” Church said. “That’s the job of a goalkeeper, and she does that very well.” Beyond her performance Sunday, Church is particularly impressed with Campbell’s continued development. The head coach noted that many players don’t take the jump Campbell has taken between their freshman and sophomore years. Some of the success, Campbell said, has to do with the return of goaltending coach Nathan Kipp, who is taking time off from his position with the Chicago Red Stars to return to Duke. “[Kipp and I] have really been breaking down some more technical aspects of the game,” Campbell said. “I’m just much more comfortable having a year of experience under my belt.” Her improving abilities will be put to the utmost test tonight, however, as the No. 15 Blue Devils (5-1-1) square off against No. 5 Florida (6-0) at 8:45 p.m. in Koskinen Stadium in the Duke Nike Classic. Last Friday, the Gators defeated No. 10 Florida State 2-1 in overtime on a goal by star sophomore McKSee w. soccer on page 9

margie truwit/The Chronicle

Sophomore Ryan Finley will again be Duke’s main attacker, but Kerr will also try to involve other strikers.

See m. soccer on page 9

men’s basketball

Coach K speaks about FIBA gold Also says he is done coaching internationally after 2012 Olympics by Andy Moore THE CHRONICLE

Finally back home after a long stint overseas with the United States national team, head coach Mike Krzyzewski held a press conference yesterday to discuss his experience winning gold at the FIBA World Championships. And he took the opportunity to get one thing out of the way: The London Olympics in 2012 will be the end of his tenure as Team USA’s head coach. “I won’t go past the Olympics in London. That’ll be the last time I coach internationally,” Krzyzewski said. “It won’t be the last time I’m involved in USA Basketball, but [it will be] in a coaching capacity and obviously a playing capacity—I should put that out in case I get two new knees.” Krzyzewski was joking about his playing career, but much of the press conference was serious, especially when he spoke at length on the accomplishments of his

FIBA team. Called the “B-team” by many before the games began in Instanbul, and sporting no one from the 2008 Olympic team, the Americans still handily won their final game against Turkey and were never seriously challenged in medal play. The gold medal they won was the United States’ first since 1995. “I’m so proud of our guys for winning the world championship. It’s really one of the big wins in history for USA Basketball,” Krzyzewski said. “But with the timing of it after winning the Olympics and with all our young teams winning gold this summer [makes it] really like a glory time for USA Basketball.” The coach spoke positively on his star pupil, Kevin Durant. The Oklahoma City forward hit seven 3-pointers and had 28 points in the Americans’ 81-64 championship win over Turkey and has been courtney douglas/Chronicle file photo

See krzyzewski on page 11

In a press conference, Mike Krzyzewski talked about his time in Instanbul.


the chronicle

FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 17, 2010 | 9

Tennis season starts with Fab Four Women have returning stars, top recruit

Top doubles team in country back for men

by Andrew Beaton

by Maureen Dolan THE CHRONICLE

THE CHRONICLE

After losing in a nail-biter to North Carolina in the quarterfinals of last year’s NCAA tournament, Duke looks to avenge last year’s loss with a team of veterans led by a key recruit. The Blue Devils (0-0) begin play today at 10 a.m. at the Cary Tennis Park with the three-day Fab Four Invite, in which a total of 21 teams—11 in the men and 10 in the women—will compete. Expectations for the team are high, after losing only one senior from last year’s team and adding an important transfer, senior Nadine Fahoum. Fahoum, a transfer from Old Dominion, is No. 24 in the ITA preseason ranking and is among the top Duke singles players. Three other Blue Devils are also in the top 50 with senior Reka Zsilinszka at No. 25, senior Ellah Nze at No. 29 and fifthyear senior Elizabeth Plotkin at No. 50. “[The ranking] shows how good our team is,” head coach Jamie Ashworth said. “It sends a message to our team that we can be as good as anybody in the country.” However, Ashworth was quick to note that the team does not pay too much attention to the preseason rankings. “It doesn’t really reflect freshmen, and basically it’s just a result of how you played at the end of last year,” he said. Perhaps the most interesting story on the team is Fahoum, as senior transfers are unusual. The Israeli native has not had any trouble fitting in, however. “Social-wise with the team it was easy because I knew some of the girls before coming here,” she said. “I like the competition [compared to Old Dominion].” In doubles, three Duke pairs are in the ITA top 50, notably junior Monica Gorny and sophomore Mary Clayton who are ranked No. 9. Fahoum is scheduled to be Nze’s doubles partner, but Ashworth made it clear nothing is set in stone. “This weekend we may actually play some different doubles teams than we were playing in the preseason rankings,” he said. “We’re just trying to put ourselves in a really good position for the spring, [even] if that means splitting some doubles teams up.” The veteran team knows it is expected to perform well this year, but it still looks to improve going into the season—especially with October’s Riviera All-American tournament in California just a few weeks away. “You always improve together, and hopefully we’ll see some results team-wise and individually,” Fahoum said. “Twenty-four is not bad, but it’s not my goal.”

m. soccer from page 8 personality, attitude and approach.” The stage is set for Finley and the Blue Devils to make some noise in the ACC standings and the national rankings this weekend. “We must step up both individually and as a team,” Finley said. “We need to keep playing well in our ACC schedule. Every win means a lot in the ACC standings.” Of course, tonight’s game is not just any conference game. It is Duke’s latest installment in its long rivalry with North Carolina (2-1-0, 2-0), and beating the Tar Heels, whose only loss came against No. 1 Akron Sept. 4, is no easy task. North Carolina is coming off a hard-fought

margie truwit/The Chronicle

Ellah Nze (top) is the No. 24 seed this weekend in Cary, while Reid Carleton (bottom) will be the No. 45 seed.

After falling short in the Round of 16 of the NCAA Tournament to Virginia last May, Duke is determined to start the 2010 fall season strong. Hosting the Duke Fab Four Invite in Cary, N.C., this weekend, the team will face off against 11 of the top teams in the country. The Blue Devils have good reason to expect improvement this year with both Reid Carleton and Henrique Cunha returning as ITA All-Americans. Head coach Ramsey Smith is pleased with his players, but acknowledges the fall season as a time for learning and gearing up for the rest of the year. “We haven’t made specific outcome goals,” Smith said. “It’s more performance goals and working individually with them, helping their strengths and filling in the holes of their weaknesses. Our top two guys, Reid and Henrique, have definitely separated themselves.” Co-captains Cunha and Carleton, the No. 1 doubles team in the nation, are enthusiastic to begin the season. “I have confidence in myself,” said Cunha, a sophomore ranked preseason No. 2 in singles. “I got injured in the summer so I’m working on my conditioning back now. It’s getting better right now, so I will be fine.” Likewise, senior Carleton is looking forward to this weekend. “The bar is set pretty high for this season,” Carleton said. “We had never played with each other before last year, so we were obviously really pleased with the outcome. We haven’t played together all summer, so we’re all ready for this tournament just to get in some matches and get the season going.” The future of the team is bright. Three freshmen, Cale Hammond, Christopher Mengel and Frederick Saba, join the roster this season. “It’s a young group, these few freshmen are going to develop, and they’ve improved so much in some areas in just the last few weeks of practice,” Smith said. “These guys are all really solid and they fit in right away. I think they’re going to compete at the level of these other guys off the bat.” The Fab Four Invite will be held at the same location as the ACC Tournament. This is the first year that Duke has hosted the tournament. “Everyone is guaranteed four matches in singles and three matches in doubles,” Smith said. “We’re using all 24 courts and we’ve got 11 total teams coming in from all over the country, so it’s a great opportunity to get a lot of matches. Especially opening up the season we just have to get some matches.”

1-0 win over N.C. State. Adding to the inten“We have to balance out the scoring and sity will be the presence of television cameras, get more guys on the score sheet,” he said. a first on the season. “Finley cannot be the only one scoring goals.” “It is a huge deal to Although the be playing UNC,” Finteam needs to work ley said. “Being on TV “We have to balance out on spreading the is extra motivation to Kerr believes the scoring.... Finley can- ball, play well.” Duke is up to the Kerr has high ex- not be the only one scor- challenge of taking pectations for his team down its rival. ing goals.” but noted that there “We need to is certainly room for capitalize our — John Kerr strengths,” on improvement. Getting he said. the ball to Finley fig“We are feeling ures to be a major part confident that we of his game plan, he stressed that other can beat them.” forwards need to get in the offensive flow Adding to the team’s confidence is a as well. marked increase in team chemistry, Finley

w. soccer from page 8 enzie Barney. The striker’s five goals this season have contributed to Florida’s 16-2 scoring differential. While Barney leads the Gators’ offensive onslaught, Church is more wary of the diverse nature of Florida’s attack. “They have multi-threats. Their top four are really good, really interchangeable, and come at you from different angles,” he said. “Defensively... we’re going to have our hands full.” Should the Gators get through Duke’s talented back four, though, Church seemed confident that Campbell will again come up big for the Blue Devils. “We know if things go wrong they’re going to have to have a heck of a shot to score a goal against her,” Church said. Interestingly, Campbell might not even be the best goalkeeper on the field tonight. Florida senior Katie Fraine is a First Team All-ACC player who has a similar game to Campbell—both are known for kicking the long ball—although the veteran Fraine has statistically outplayed Duke’s keeper thus far in 2010. Fraine currently has a .35 goals against average and a .905 save percentage, both of which top Campbell’s numbers of .48 and .885. “Both of them have great kicks. Both them are going to play with their feet,” Church said. “So you can see them having a little goalies’ war back and forth with their kicks.” Whether or not a war breaks out, do not expect Campbell and her teammates to back down. “We’ve heard they’re one of the most competitive teams [Florida’s] ever had, so we know we have to play a very competitive game,” sophomore defender Libby Jandl said. “It doesn’t matter who the team we’re playing is, we just need to worry about ourselves.” After its marquee match-up with Florida tonight, Duke will finish off the Duke Nike Classic with a game against Middle Tennessee State at 2:30 p.m. Sunday.

margie truwit/The Chronicle

Sophomore Tara Campbell has emerged as one of the ACC’s premier goalkeepers this season. said. The forward also attributed his recent success to the hard work of the entire team. “What separates us from other teams is our chemistry,” he said. “We have a great mentality, and I couldn’t ask for a better group of guys.” A Duke victory tonight would be extremely significant considering the two teams’ rivalry and their recent history of close games. Ten of the last 11 matches were decided by one goal or less, and the Blue Devils dropped last year’s contest in a 2-1 heartbreaker, making it four consecutive years since Duke overcame North Carolina. “It means a lot to us in the ACC standings to get a win, but we are playing for the seniors who have never beaten UNC before,” Finley said.


10 | FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 17, 2010 the chronicle

volleyball

Blue Devils look to bounce back by Jesse Forman THE CHRONICle

After falling to No. 12 Minnesota 3-0 Saturday, Duke is looking to bounce back and regain the momentum lost after the Gophers (8-1) broke the team’s eight-game winning streak. At Cameron Indoor Stadium tonight at 7 p.m., Duke (82, 0-0 in the ACC) looks to erase any memories of last week’s loss by comWake ing out strong in its first conference Forest match against Wake Forest. vs. The Blue Devils are optimistic that they will return to their winning ways Duke but are expecting a challenge from the Demon Deacons (6-3, 0-0). FRIDAY, 7 p.m. Entering the match with three Cameron Indoor

straight sweeps under its belt, Wake Forest will be competitive, possessing a scrappy team with a strong defensive mind-set that will force Duke to earn every point. “We need to be disciplined throughout rallies tomorrow,” head coach Jolene Nagel said. “It is important for us to be alert and be loud in our defensive communication because Wake Forest is going to keep the ball in play.” Duke has performed well in conference play in the last few years, finishing the 2009 season with a 17-3 record in ACC play and finishing second in the conference behind a Florida State team that ended its season with a 19-1 record. “It’s exciting to start playing ACC matches,” said senior Becci Burling, who leads the team with 110 total kills. “Teams usually bring their best game against us, so it’s important for

us to be mentally ready for some tough matches.” This week, the team has been working hard both on and off the court to better prepare for the Wake Forest match. Junior Sophia Dunworth, who is second behind Burling in total kills with 97, said the team’s work with team psychologist Greg Taylor has helped a lot. “[Talking with him helps] us to determine what we want to get out of an upcoming practice or match and helps us in the long run to get better,” Dunworth said. Nagel said the home support that the team has been getting this season has been great and attributes the dedication of the fans to some of the team’s success. “With Cameron, there is a certain comfort level,” she said. “One of our biggest strengths is when we have a large student body come out and support the team.” The date of the match is also beneficial. Friday night matches have drawn large crowds at Cameron this season, Nagel said, and the team is excited to get back into rhythm. “We are hungry to win every opportunity we get,” Nagel said. “The fact that it’s a home match as well as our ACC opener just adds to all the excitement.”

men’s golf

Duke travels to Chicago by Staff Reports THE CHRONICLE

The Blue Devils will waste no time teeing it up with the best teams in the nation when they start play today at the Fighting Illini Invitational, their first tournament of the fall season. And if the elite competition wasn’t enough, No. 16 Duke also has to contend with the challenging 7,157-yard Olympia Fields Country Club North Course. Olympia Fields was the site of the 2003 U.S. Open, and the winning team score at last year’s event was a brutal 30-over par. “The golf course’s quality and reputation speak for itself,” head coach Jamie Green said. “It’s one of the best competitions that we will be a part of this year. To start out there will be a great thing for every one of our players.” Eleven of the 15 tournament teams are ranked in the top 20 of Golfweek’s preseason poll. That group includes last year’s NCAA team champion Augusta State, NCAA runner-up Oklahoma State and Final Four participant Florida State. Despite the loaded field, the Blue Devils’ core of young players has enough experience to hold its own against the nation’s heavy hitters. Sophomore Brinson Paolini, the 2010 ACC Freshman of the Year, will look to take what he learned at August’s U.S. Amateur into Olympia Fields. Sophomores Tim Gornik and Adam Sumrall also posted strong finishes over the summer that should bode well for their performance this weekend. Although freshman Yaroslav Merkulov has yet to play in a collegiate tournament, he led the U.S. team to a second-place finish at the Junior Golf World Cup in June by finishing fourth overall. Wes Roach, the team’s lone senior, will round out the squad. He is the only Blue Devil to have played in the event previously and will be called upon the set the tone for the underclassmen. Duke continues with second-round play Saturday and will round out the tournament Sunday.


the chronicle

FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 17, 2010 | 11

alabama from page 1 ranking 105th out of the 120 teams in the FBS. The Crimson Tide are averaging a tidy 500 yards per game to the tune of 36 points per contest and will be sure to test the young Blue Devil defense from the get-go, especially by running the ball. Alabama utilizes a more traditional offensive scheme than what Duke saw last week from the Demon Deacons, and it has been brutally effective pounding the ball against its opponents. Even in the absence of Ingram for the first two games, underclassmen running backs Trent Richardson and Eddie Lacy have totaled 342 yards for five touchdowns. Duke has struggled stopping the run, giving up six yards per carry to Elon in the season opener and over four yards per carry against Wake Forest, and will need to tackle better against the Crimson Tide’s rushing juggernaut. “We’re playing really good football players, so we have to get more people to the ball,” Cutcliffe said. “We have

to get off of blocks, be consistent in... our assignments to have a chance to stop Alabama’s offense.” Offensively, the Blue Devils have been impressive, but in spurts. The passing game has looked spectacular at times—especially when coupled with Duke’s increasingly consistent running attack—and sophomore wideout Conner Vernon leads the country in receiving yards. But the Blue Devils have also looked stagnant, most notably in the second half against the Demon Deacons when the rain took the luster off a lethal passing offense that had scored 35 points in the first two quarters. Duke will also have to cut down on its mistakes against the Crimson Tide. Three first half turnovers against Wake Forest led to 21 points and prevented the Blue Devils from building an advantage, and Alabama will be just as quick to capitalize on any blunders. “I want this team to respond in preparation,” Cutcliffe

said. “I want this team to be prepared well enough to win if things fall in their way. Therefore, the total amount of focus is to play as well as we can play.” Even if Duke can execute its game plan, there is still a mental hurdle of playing likely the toughest opponent the squad will ever face—a Crimson Tide team that hasn’t lost a contest since 2008, when Mountain West underdog Utah beat Alabama by 14 points to capture the Sugar Bowl and cap off a perfect 13-0 season. But in an always-unpredictable college football landscape, in which Virginia Tech became only the second ranked team to ever lose to an FCS opponent last Saturday, the possibility of a monumental upset is real, even if unlikely. “They occur, not all that often, but once in a blue moon they occur,” Cutcliffe said. “When you have the chance to be a part of one of those, that’s a pretty great thing.”

krzyzewski from page 8

dianna liu/The Chronicle

Senior receiver Austin Kelly became one of Sean Renfree’s favorite targets last week, catching 10 passes for 73 yards. He also scored a touchdown.

widely acknowledged to have taken a jump in skill level over the summer. Krzyzewski said the role of his teammates became, in large part, to “get [him] the ball more.” “Durant probably played as well as any U.S. player has ever played in the final two games,” Krzyzewski said. “He was already up there but he took his game to a global level.” Playing in Instanbul against the Turkish national team was difficult, Krzyzewski said, but it paled in comparison to ACC games. “I think we were treated great by the fans,” he said. “Even in the last game... they were wild for their team, not against us.... It wasn’t like playing in the ACC. It was a great atmosphere, not a scary atmosphere.” As talk drifted to the upcoming collegiate season, Krzyzewski allowed himself no reflection on the accomplishments of the past few months: a national championship and FIBA gold. Instead, he said, his focus remains on the future. “To have two of the purest experiences in my life in a fivemonth period at my age is crazy, lucky, good,” Krzyzewski said. “But I want to have another experience with my Duke team.”


Classifieds

12 | friday, september 17, 2010

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 RELIGIOUS DIRECTORY 

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An exciting part-time opportunity is available for an Administrative Assistant II to join an HHMI laboratory at Duke. This 30-hour a week position with benefits will provide high level administrative support to an HHMI Early Career Scientist and his lab. Preferred Qualifications include Bachelor’s degree and at least 4 years of previous office experience, preferably in a medical, scientific, academic or non-profit environment; budget and grant management experience; excellent organizational and problem solving skills; strong computer skills (MS Office, Outlook, HTML, SAP); and able to work independently. To apply, send cover letter, resume and salary history, including the job title in the subject line to posslab@cellbio.duke.edu. No phone calls, please.

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friday, september 17, 2010 | 13

Diversions Shoe Chris Cassatt and Gary Brookins

Dilbert Scott Adams

Doonesbury Garry Trudeau

The Chronicle Our preparations for ‘Bama: lounging in the lounge:���������������������������������������������twei, anthony kicking himself from jumping ship:���������������������������������������dough Calling the teenage witch:����������������������������������������������������sabrina ‘Bama the president?:���������������������������������������������������������������rupp bodog instead of watchdog:������������������������� andy, notorious v.i.g. pictures of frowns for monday lv:�����������������������������addison, libby haciendo preparaciones:�������������������������������������������ms. free safety Tenting in Cut-Ville:�������������������������������������������������������������christine Barb Starbuck owns season tickets:����������������������������������������� Barb

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The Independent Daily at Duke University

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14 | friday, september 17, 2010

HBCU Week a positive step forward President Barack Obama and HBCUs will be a valued hosted the leaders of around part of higher education for 70 of the nation’s histori- the next decade and beyond. cally black colleges and uni- Obama has already said these versities at the White House schools will play a key role in Monday. In a private address his plan to ensure that the U.S. he pledged the has the world’s federal governhighest pereditorial ment’s concentage of coltinued support for these lege graduates by 2020. institutions and issued a Duke has placed a growdeclaration naming this past ing emphasis on minority week as National Historically outreach over the past few deBlack Colleges and Universi- cades. And though many unities Week. versities across the country can In an effort to promote ac- be applauded for targeting cess to education in tradition- diverse student bodies, MSIs ally underserved communi- still hold a vital role in today’s ties, the federal government higher education landscape. has also pledged $1 billion in The president should be grants specifically to support commended for his efforts to minority-serving institutions. recognize and support these Perhaps more valuable than schools that provide meaningthe direct financial benefits is ful educational opportunities the fact that these initiatives for historically underserved send a clear policy signal—MSIs populations.

onlinecomment

Just got a chance to see the submissions for the photography contest - wonderful fusions of the technological and the creative and thus a fitting tribute to the life of Abhijit Mahato.

—“Michael Gustafson” commenting on the story “Photography contest honors late Mahato.” See more at www.dukechronicle.com.

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Academically, minorityserving institutions provide an avenue for obtaining a degree in communities that have not had sufficient access to education in the past. As the president noted, one out of every two students at an HBCU is the first in their family to enroll in college. The tradition of excellence at many of these schools, as well as their historical connections with the communities they serve, helps HBCUs attract 16 percent of all African-American college students despite comprising 3 percent of the nation’s institutions of higher education. HBCU Week is a positive initiative. But it should not distract from the fact that other MSIs have equally meaninful impacts in their communities. For example, Hispanic-serving institutions attract 40 percent

of the nation’s Hispanic-American degree-seeking students, according to the Department of Energy. Support for minority-serving institutions should not come at the expense of institutional diversity at schools like Duke. The University’s own struggles with self-segregation across its student body indicate some of the contemporary difficulties for minority students who attend schools their ancestors could not have enrolled in. But MSIs can help provide students with a sense of belonging and common experience they may not encounter at predominantly white universities. Exposure to students of different backgrounds and viewpoints is undoubtedly an important part of a wellrounded education. In light

of this goal, collaboration between traditional universities and MSIs should be a priority for both types of institutions going forward. Duke should continue its efforts to reach out to local HBCUs like North Carolina Central University and Shaw University, which were both represented at the White House Monday. MSIs are an important part of the future of education in the 21st century, and Duke and its peers should continue their outreach efforts to ensure that these schools do not become islands in the higher education community. HBCU Week ends today, but minority-serving institutions will continue to play a crucial role in providing educational opportunities to traditionally underserved populations for years to come.

The gay world of Nicki Minaj

H

ip-hop used to be about the African-Amer- pretty drags...” While to the politically correct, these ican consciousness—a celebration of dif- lines are less than perfect, the intention behind the ferences and an angry cry to rally against words might be viewed as brave. Although Lola has the feverish, mass produced climate the support and backing of Trina— of 1970s America. While male rapa very powerful endorsement in the pers claimed a significant portion of rap game—she is still green in comthe critical and commercial success, parison, and such a bold statement the voice of female emcees became can, no doubt, divide a prospective increasingly prevalent during the audience. golden era of hip-hop in the early The presentation of homophobic ’90s. Rappers like Queen Latifah language in hip-hop is no doubt the and MC Lyte broke beyond the conresult of masculine insecurity, and the thomas fines of the boy’s club, letting loose attempt at defining oneself as a “real gebremedhin man” at the expense of an entire comlyrics that promoted female empowerment. During an August 2010 munity. My own fascination with rap word by word interview on NPR’s Tell Me More, music is focused almost exclusively on documentary filmmaker Ava DuVerfemale rappers—Trina, Lola Monroe, nay stated, “...during that time, you saw, you know, Nicki Minaj and Nisha Rockstarr—who are almost good numbers of women comparatively, about 45 consistently outrageous and genius in their lyrics. Howor so, women signed to major labels... recording, ever, the support of LGBT individuals by such female touring, making music videos... And there’s been a rappers has almost exclusively excluded female memdrastic drop off to the point where we’re at... there bers of the gay community. Part of this might be an atare about three women [Nicki Minaj, Trina and tempt by female rappers to distance themselves from Diamond] signed to major labels at this point.” the image of the “dyke”—ironically, the same sort of Consequently, since that time, there has been a oppositional defining of the self that male rappers do. tendency towards hyper-masculinity in rap, which A strong woman in any field fears the labels that may includes a shameful display of homophobia in the follow success in a male dominated environment. rhymes of many male rappers and reggae artists, at Another theory on female rappers’ acceptance of times even baiting audiences to kill gay men. Un- the gay community is that this acceptance operates fortunately, this attitude has permeated into main- within the confines of stereotype: Chiefly, the stereostream audiences and has led to the ill-informed type that the gay male can only be accepted as an conclusion that hip-hop is inherently homophobic. accessory to a lively, beautiful straight female. That But now, female rappers are coming out in droves, he cannot exist outside the identity of his “hag.” For embracing their gay following and acknowledging the female rappers, this idea could be ego-empowering. unfortunate decision of some rappers to hijack the inOr perhaps female rappers are catching on to what dustry and feed the public homophobic hate speech. members of other industries have begun realizing over In a May 2010 interview with Details magazine, Nicki the years—there is a lot of money swirling around in Minaj, hip-hop’s current flavor of the year, addressed the gay community. According to Witeck-Combs Comthe homophobic nature of hip-hop: “I think the world munications, a Washington, D.C.-based communicais getting more gay-friendly, so hip-hop is too. But it’s tions firm, the buying power of the LGBT community harder to imagine an openly gay male rapper being in 2006 was $660 billon, an estimate that is expected to embraced. People view gay men as having no street increase to $835 billion by 2011. In 2009, gay publicacredibility. But I think we’ll see one in my lifetime.” This tions saw record high revenues for ads, a total of $349.6 month she graces the cover of Out magazine, following million. Maybe female rappers’ pro gay lyrics and magin the footsteps of Lil’ Kim, who posed for the maga- azine interviews are borne out of a desire to increase zine in December 1999. Minaj, whose lyrics sometimes their market share rather than any higher purpose of reference gay men, admits her own mistakes, in partic- dismantling damaging stereotypes. ular the use of the phrase “no homo.” Minaj has since Of course, this may be a wholly cynical view of the substituted the phrase—which, in her words, means recent phenomena. While the unique relationship “no sexual connotation intended”—for “pause,” after of female emcees with their gay fans may be some of a gay male fan complained to her via Twitter. these things in part, it must also be attributed to the inIn her second mixtape, The Lola Monroe Chron- creasing visibility of gay men and women in all fields, icles, newbie Lola Monroe raps about her love for and perhaps the steady and progressive direction that gay men and drag queens. The song “Taking It” history, and individuals, inevitably always takes. boasts the lyrics, “You see a pretty b— with a pretty mean swag,/ sassy talk, pretty Audi and I’m such a Thomas Gebremedhin is a Trinity senior. His column f— hag,/ you see I live for the f—s and the pretty, runs every other Friday.


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commentaries

The costs of enlightenment

Improve FLUNCH As undergraduates, many of us are encouraged to get to know our professors on a more personal level. Unfortunately, this is nearly impossible to do in a large lecture course, and even seminar settings aren’t always up to the task as a result of the nature of the subject material or any other number of factors. The obvious solution is then to spend time with a professor outside of class. Of course, some professors chris bassil are not easily accommodatjust a minute ed on their own time, and those who are can typically be found pressed behind a long line outside of their offices. It often seems that forging personal relationships between student and faculty requires an inordinate amount of work, or at least that it lacks the proper vehicle. Presumably, this is why the FLUNCH program was created years ago. For those unaware, the FLUNCH program, a Duke Student Government, Office of the Dean of Undergraduate Education and Office of the Vice President of Student Affairs joint initiative, allows a student to take a professor of choice out to a meal on campus, free of charge to either party. The goal of the program, as described on the OSAF website, is to provide students with an opportunity to “establish lasting relationships with faculty members they might not have developed in the classroom.” And the program may in fact be the best vehicle by which to finally achieve this end, considering its unique intersection between informality and face-to-face interaction. However, there are some restrictions on a student’s capability to FLUNCH his professors. The first of these is that he is allowed only two FLUNCHes per semester. In light of the fact that most students fail to use even one, this stipulation does not seem so limiting. The second is that his total combined expenditure during his two FLUNCH meetings cannot exceed $100. That comes out to $25 per diner per FLUNCH, which is also more than reasonable. The final restriction on the FLUNCH program is the most aggressively apparent and does more than any other single factor to undermine the program’s appeal and success: during a FLUNCH event, the student and professor may only choose from the Great Hall, the Marketplace and the new Central Campus eatery. Because the Marketplace and Central Campus are relatively out of the way for the majority of faculty and students, the issue of FLUNCH at the Great Hall is the most pressing. It is difficult, in assessing the effect of the establishment on the program, to tell where to begin. Probably the simplest starting point is the fact that the Great Hall is a relatively unpopular campus eatery, at least according to last year’s dining survey. If students are already disinclined to dine there and, if in order to engage in the FLUNCH program they must dine there, then the desirability of the program is necessarily lowered by that association. It is not, however, just the immediate reaction to the Great Hall that negatively impacts the event. The atmosphere of the Great Hall environment also detracts from the FLUNCH experience. Consider the stated goal of OSAF in sponsoring the program: the establishment of studentfaculty relationships outside the classroom. The Great Hall mandate directly undermines that initiative by providing an interaction that is markedly similar to one that might take place in a large classroom, replete with high decibel levels, abrasive crowding and a multitude of distractions. Furthermore, the procedure of dining at the Great Hall lends itself more toward a 15 minute conversation over something togo than the sort of in depth interaction that takes place in even a slightly more intimate setting. Of course, students with a burning aversion to the Great Hall and an equally enflamed desire to break bread with a particular professor can find ways around this. Many opt to take their extracurricular interaction off-campus and overcome the inconvenience that way. Others might still travel to East or Central. In the end, a large number likely suck it up and FLUNCH at the Great Hall anyway, since it is only a small price to pay for the benefits both parties receive from the program. Still, though, it is best to avoid these reductive measures when dealing with a program with so much potential for personal enrichment. It may be easy to dismiss undesirable aspects of the FLUNCH program as nothing more than a minor inconvenience to a select few. Yet, to do so would be to overlook the contradiction that governs and perpetuates the eatery restrictions: that they exist because there are too few FLUNCHers to oppose them, and that there are too few FLUNCHers because they exist. Chris Bassil is a Trinity junior. His column runs every Friday.

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On Saturday, Aug. 28 at 9:30 in the morning, 15-year-old the cracks of those vacated teaching positions. 20 percent high school student Waheeda Amiri noticed a strange smell of the U.S. population is functionally illiterate. 24 percent in the air of her Kabul classroom. Shortly thereafter she and of Americans believe that their own president, a churchher classmates fell ill with headaches and sore going Christian, is a Muslim, and an even throats, and many of them lost consciousness higher percentage seem to think that such and turned blue. Ultimately 45 students and a fact, if true, would be somehow relevant four teachers ended up in the local hospital. to our national security. Fully a quarter of Three days before, the hospital had treated our population is convinced that President 74 students from a nearby school with idenObama is not a United States citizen. Not tical symptoms. Officials initially chalked the coincidentally, many of these people, citing episodes up to “mass hysteria,” but chemical one of the few provisions of the Constituanalyses of blood samples taken in similar casthat they seem to know, possess firecarol apollonio tion es indicated the effects of organophosphates. arms. For the most part, that’s not us. I had what would You chemistry majors know what that is: a a student a few years ago who was kicked off family of compounds used in insecticides and campus for shooting a BB gun out of his doestoevsky do? herbicides, as well as in chemical weapons. dorm window on East Campus. And there’s The rest of us can just call it poison gas. the occasional incident where people fly off The victims of the attacks share a common trait: they lack the handle. We had one of those this past January. But the Y chromosome. Getting an education in parts of present- generally Dukies are sentient, literate, non-violent and culday Afghanistan is a hazardous enterprise if you happen to turally sensitive people who believe that differences can be be female. Toxic gas, incendiary devices, skin-eating acid— resolved through conversation. gruesome concoctions that most of us in North Carolina Outside, though, even right down the street, that is not know only from horror films—lurk in back alleys around necessarily the case. And ignorance leads to violence; those girls’ schools across Afghanistan. Sixty schools have been who stand up for education and the pursuit of truth are burned down or destroyed this year alone—a frightening easy targets, whether they are innocent, trustful schoolchilstatistic that does not include the number of individual girls dren or tough, seasoned educators and professionals. As who have been intimidated, attacked or even murdered. always, Russia provides an instructive example—and not But the students pick themselves up, dust themselves off and just because they did their time in Afghanistan. Most of the head back to class. Waheeda, for example, said, “Whatever Russian writers you’ve heard of suffered for telling the truth they do to us, we are going to keep coming.” as they saw it. The list includes Dostoevsky (prison), Tolstoy Does anyone around here possess that kind of courage? (excommunication), Solzhenitsyn (exile) and countless I’m not sure I do. Politics in the academic world can be un- Soviet-period writers—Mandelstam, Babel, Pilnyak among pleasant, but fortunately no one has ever given me an ultima- them—who were executed outright or died in cold Sibetum: stop teaching Russian literature or be shot. Characters in rian prisons, just for writing down their thoughts. Readers, the books I read—fiction and non-fiction—do face this sort too, paid the price; they could be thrown in jail for simply of choice. Their stories—and Waheeda’s—shadow our lives. being caught with the wrong sort of book—and yet they What if we knew that invisible enemies were hovering, canis- accepted the risk. These days Russian fiction writers can ters in hand, in the dark alcoves behind Griffith Theater or write pretty much anything they want to, and obstacles to in the labs in Bio Sci? Do you feel perfectly safe near those reading are primarily economic. But even now the press is windowless cubicles in the Languages Building basement? under fire: since 1993 some 300 journalists working in RusFrom where we stand, these questions feel like a class sia have lost their lives in the line of duty. exercise—hypothetical, abstract. A bit of probing, though, Honest intellectual activity has always threatened smalland things start to hit a little closer to home. Obstacles to minded people, and not just in places that lack superhigheducation here are generally bloodless (or at least they ways. What class are you taking right now that you would have been in the years since the civil rights movement), die for? Or is it one you have not taken yet? but they exist nonetheless. The economic crisis has led to teacher layoffs everywhere, including in the Durham Public Carol Apollonio is an associate professor of the practice in SlavSchools. Ignorance waits at the gate, ready to slip through ic and Eurasian studies. Her column will run every other Friday.

Duke-Alabama football: the real story

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et’s put this game in proper context. In all the considerEnter Duke. Looking to compete athletically as well as acaable, though somewhat ancient, lore of Duke football demically among growing universities in the south, Duke’s thenhistory, there has never been a bigger game in Wallace Dean W. H. Wannamaker contacted Coach Wade for advice. At Wade Stadium. Yes, Roger Staubach and his the time, only Notre Dame’s Knute Rockne was john bussian Midshipmen played here in Staubach’s ’63 better known among the nation’s college footHiesman Trophy year. And a Tony Dorsettball coaches. In short order, Duke made Wade guest column led Pittsburgh team played here in ’76. But what was considered an astronomical offer to Alabama’s visit is of historic proportions for lots of reasons become Duke’s head football coach: $12,500 per year plus a beyond the Tide’s current No. 1 national ranking. share of the gate. Wade stunned Alabama and took the job. Football programs of Alabama’s stature have generally shied The rest is history. Wade picked up where he left off at from visiting Duke’s comparatively small stadium. In the run-up Alabama, building Duke into a national football power. While to Saturday’s tilt in Durham, there was talk of moving the game to Alabama was undefeated and won the Rose Bowl in ’34, Duke, Birmingham, Atlanta and even Charlotte. So the Crimson Tide’s led by Wade, quietly went 9-1 in ’33, 9-1 in ’36 and played for playing here is a story in itself. Yet the real story is that 80 years the national championship in the 1939 and 1942 Rose Bowls ago, Duke shocked the college sports world by hiring legendary (the latter, played at Duke). Coach Wade retired in 1950 to football coach Wallace Wade away from then-national champion become the Commissioner of the ACC’s forerunner, the Alabama and changed the course of athletic history at Duke. Southern Conference. And in ’67, Duke named the stadium Before coming to Duke, Wallace Wade, a Tennessee boy in which Saturday’s game will be played after Wade. who played at and graduated from Brown, was athletic direcDuke really owes a debt of gratitude to its visitors from tor at Vanderbilt and eventually the head football coach at the Alabama. First, for giving Wallace Wade to Duke. And for givUniversity of Alabama from 1923-1930. In miraculous fashion, ing Duke its current head coach, David Cutcliffe. (Coach Cut Wade brought the Alabama football program from obscurity graduated from Bama in ’76 and served there as an assistant to national prominence and secured its first-ever invitation to under Bear Bryant.) Fittingly, the University of Alabama in play in the nation’s only bowl game at the time, the Rose Bowl. 1998 named the street running alongside Bryant-Denny StaIn its first 20 years, the Rose Bowl had never invited a south- dium in Tuscaloosa “Wade Avenue.” ern college football team to play on New Year’s Day in PasaSo this is much more than another big, college football dena, reportedly of the view that the brand of football played game. It commemorates college football history in the south in the South was “inferior.” When the invitation finally came like no other. And the game—along with the planned, $125 to Coach Wade and his Alabama team following the 1925 million Wallace Wade Stadium renovation led by Duke Trustseason, the Tide responded by winning back-to-back Rose ees Board Chair Dan Blue—marks Duke’s renewed commitBowls—and the accompanying national championships—in ment to compete again in its conference and nationally, in 1925 and 1926. Wade’s legend at Alabama continued when the classroom and on the gridiron. Coach Wade might say his 1930 team went undefeated in the regular season and it’s high time. capped it with a 24-0 win over Washington State in the 1931 Rose Bowl. Three national titles in five years at a school that John Bussian, T ’76, is a former walk-on football player and wasn’t on the college football radar screen when Coach Wade a Raleigh-based First Amendment lawyer. He also provides legal arrived at ’Bama eight years before. services for The Chronicle.


16 | friday, september 17, 2010

the chronicle


September 17, 2010 issue