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The Chronicle T h e i n d e p e n d e n t d a i ly at D u k e U n i v e r s i t y

TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 2009

ONE HUNDRED AND FIFTH YEAR, Issue 51

www.dukechronicle.com

Climate plan Activist reflects on fall of Berlin Wall to focus on low cost projects $25M steam plant, hybrid buses to cost most in plan by Rachna Reddy The chronicle

One hundred years after Duke got its name, the University hopes to be carbon neutral. The Climate Action Plan outlines strategies to tackle the biggest campus contributors to carbon output: emissions, energy and transportation. Duke aims for a 45 percent reduction in carbon emissions on campus by 2024 news said Tavey Capps, Duke’s environmental sustainabilanalysis ity coordinator. If Duke accomplishes this goal, it will become carbon neutral. “I think we’ve put together a very strong and aggressive plan,” said Bill Chameides, dean of the Nicholas School of the Environment and co-chair of the Campus Sustainability Committee. “I’m very, very proud and optimistic about the one we’ve put together.” The current economic climate will force administrators to focus on implementing less costly green initiatives in the near future. Because the plan will change and 2024 is still far See climate plan on page 6

libby busdicker/The Chronicle

Vera Lengsfeld, a civil rights activist and former member of the German parliament, speaks Monday night about the state of German politics twenty years after the fall of Berlin Wall. Lengsfeld said her oppositions are continuing to promote the same communist policies that decimated East Germany two decades ago. by Julius Jones The chronicle

Few undergraduate students at Duke can recall the events of November 1989. Perhaps they may remember a textbook chapter about the fall of the Berlin Wall. But then, they would only have a small piece of the story. The Berlin Wall did not merely fall—it was torn down by men and women like Vera Lengsfeld. Lengsfeld, a civil rights activist, author, teacher and former member of the Ger-

man parliament addressed an audience of approximately 100 students, faculty and Duke community members Monday night. She began her 30-minute speech by criticizing historians’ and scholars’ impulse to focus on world leaders instead of ordinary citizens when studying the collapse of the Soviet Union. “The politicians were not involved,” she said. “Rather, it was ordinary people of the streets who had been demonstrating for weeks and months before and eventu-

ally were successful.” Although Lengsfeld has been out of politics since 2005, she is making a comeback by running for a seat in the German parliament as a member of the Christian Democratic Union of Germany. Lengsfeld accused the oppositional Social Democratic Party of continuing to promote some of the same policies that decimated East Germany under communist rule. See langsfeld on page 5

Professor awarded grant to improve online privacy by Shaoli Chaudhuri The chronicle

The cost of a more secure Facebook: almost half a million dollars. Landon Cox, assistant professor of computer science, was recently awarded a $498,000 grant from the National Science Foundation to investigate privacy problems pertaining to online social networks like Facebook and MySpace. Cox is working with a team of two graduate students and collaborators at AT&T to identify and target potential privacy issues. Cox said his team is concerned that users’ personal information is all controlled by a single centralized entity, making it vulnerable to hackers. The other danger, Cox explained, lies in the fact that social networking Web sites own rights to users’ information and can use that data as they see fit. “Is there a way to get the same service and protect

ourselves a little more?” Cox asked. Cox and his collaborators aim to find a more decentralized setup. In this alternative, instead of personal information being concentrated in a single administrative domain, each user would upload his or her information into a Virtual Individual Server. This VIS would be one component of a peer-to-peer network. “It’s a much safer model if you’re in control,” he said. Cox proposed three possible uses for the VISs within the alternative social network. The first would require each user to host a VIS on his or her desktop, the second would involve “clouds” of servers hosting VISs and the third would be a hybrid of the two. Cox added that if the privacy and ownership issues are not addressed in some way, the consequences could harm millions of users of social networking Web sites. “I don’t think Facebook is evil,” Cox said. “But this

information can leak. Administrators of these major Web sites can make mistakes and they leak data and it [can] get into the wrong hands.” Cox cited a recent study from the University of Cambridge as only one of numerous examples showing that Facebook users’ data are not completely secure. Researchers found that photos deleted from Facebook accounts still existed on the Internet even six months later. Cox said another example of privacy problems stems from location-based social networking sites like Foursquare, on which users update their location information with mobile devices such as iPhones or Blackberrys. “When location comes into the equation, the danger really goes up,” he said. David McDonald, NSF program manager of Cox’s project, said that although NSF had the opportunity to See privacy on page 7

Graphic by Bonnie Fishel/The Chronicle

ONTHERECORD

“It’ll be good to play against a team with a very big ego who knows how to win.”

­—Forward Lance Thomas on Duke Basketball facing Findlay today. See story page 9

Durham election preview Check out the candidates running in today’s mayoral and ward election, PAGE 3

Blue Devils get passing marks against UVA, Page 10


2 | TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 2009 the chronicle

worldandnation

Abdullah pulls out of election

Restaurant settles gender Ford zooms back to profit discrimination lawsuit WASHINGTON, D.C. — Ford, the only major American automaker to avert bankruptcy and spurn a government bailout, signaled its growing strength Monday, posting a thirdquarter profit of about $1 billion and lifting hopes that the U.S. industry can recover. The financial results marked the first time Ford’s North American operations have been profitable since 2005, and the turnaround reflects the fact that the automaker has drastically cut costs, slashed tens of thousands from it workforce and produced more appealing cars, analysts said. The government incentive program “Cash for Clunkers,” also provided a boost. Yet Ford’s recovery remains fragile. The United Auto Workers announced just hours after the earnings report that its members at Ford plants voted overwhelmingly to refuse to give up their right to strike on wages when the current contract expires in 2011.

The secret of being boring is to say everything. — Voltaire

LOS ANGELES — The Lawry’s chain of high-end steak houses will pay more than $1 million to settle a federal discrimination lawsuit charging that for decades it hired only females as servers. The lawsuit, filed in 2006 by the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, said that a company as large as Pasadena-based Lawry’s Restaurants Inc. should have known that the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibited such a policy. The case was based on a 2003 complaint by a busboy who charged that he was denied a higher-paid position as a waiter because of his gender. The company, which dates its founding in Los Angeles to 1922, said it remedied its policy in 2004 and was glad to resolve the issue.

TODAY IN HISTORY 1930: Bank of Italy becomes Bank of America

KABUL, Afghanistan — The top challenger to Afghan President Hamid Karzai announced Sunday he will not take part in a runoff election scheduled for Saturday because he did not think the vote would be fair, but diplomatic gestures by both camps suggested the move would not trigger a new political crisis in the tense and war-torn country. It was not clear whether the government would press ahead with plans for the election. Karzai, who had been heavily favored heading into the vote, told a radio station late Sunday that the runoff should be held, but that he would defer to the national election commission. That panel, in turn, said it would consult a group of constitutional lawyers on Monday before deciding. No matter how a new government is formed, analysts said the withdrawal by candidate Abdullah Abdullah will inevitably lead to Karzai’s de-facto victory.

TODAY:

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WEDNESDAY:

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Online Excerpt “But the other thing that people really know me for are these museum projects that I do. And having both is great, because one is very much, I don’t want to say collaborative, but I sort of immerse myself in a place, and the other is, I’m in my studio just doing what I want to do. And so it allows me different kinds of experiences and a way to make art.” — From The Playground bigblog.dukechronicle.com

luis sinco/los angeles times

A vendor shows off a macaque at the Pramuka market in Jakarta, Indonesia. Poaching has become a pressing environmental problem in the developing nation. Virtually every one of its 230 endangered species can be bought in Jakarta. Although there are laws against poaching, hundreds of thousands of animals are sold in an underground market, profiting between $10 million and $20 million annually.

LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN STUDIES COURSES SPRING 2010 LATAMER 136.01 Intro to Contemporary Latin America (WF 1:15-2:30pm) LATAMER 198.01 Capstone: Applying Knowledge of Latin America & the Caribbean-Learning to Connect the World (W 4:256:55pm) LATAMER 199S.01* Formation of Haitian Culture and Society (MW10:05-11:20am) LATAMER 199S.02 Popular Brazilian Music (TTH 2:50-4:05pm) LATAMER 200S.01* Haiti in the 20th Century (T 2:50-5:20pm taught in French, written work in English)

*Jean Casimir is a Mellon Visiting Professor and Former Haitian Ambassador to the U.S More info: http://clacs.aas.duke.edu//


the chronicle

TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 2009 | 3

Brawl for the Hall 2009 Durham will head to the voting booth today to elect its next mayor and three representatives to the City Council. City councilmembers are required to live in the ward they represent, but residents from the entire city vote in these races. Polls open at 6:30 a.m. and will remain open until 7:30 p.m.

MAYOR William “Bill” Bell

Democract (Incumbent) Education: B.S., Howard University, 1962; M.S., New York University, 1968 Employment: Vice-president/ COO, UDI/CDC

WARD ICora Cole-McFadden

Democract (Incumbent) Education: B.A., North Carolina Central University; M.A., North Carolina Central University Employment: Retired

WARD IIHoward Clement

Unaffiliated (Incumbent) Education: B.A., Howard University, 1955; LL. B., Howard School of Law, 1960 Employment: Retired

WARD III

Mike Woodard Democract (Incumbent) Education: B.A., Duke University, 1981 Employment: Administrator, Duke University and Duke Health System

Steven Williams Republican Education: B.S., Saint Augustine’s College, 1998 Employment: Logistics & Traffic Manager, Sensus Inc.

Donald Hughes Democract Education: B.A., U.N.C.Greensboro, 2009 Employment: Consultant, Young Development

DUSDAC

Great Hall to offer organic produce with new stand by Christina Peña and Lindsey Rupp The chronicle

The Duke University Student Dining Advisory Committee discussed additions to the Great Hall Monday. The group toured the facilities and learned about the dining hall’s daily operations. The Great Hall hopes to install an organic produce stand Nov. 9 that would be stocked with food grown in the community garden beside the Smart Home, said DUSDAC member Whitney Woodhull, a senior. “The whole idea is to enhance the sustainability of campus and make great use of this great produce we already have growing

on our campus,” she said. “As students start seeing the Great Hall as somewhere they can grab some yams or butternut squash to take back to their apartments... hopefully this will be sustainable over the next few years.” The Great Hall will also order produce from distributor East Carolina Organics to supplement its organic produce supply, Woodhull said. She added that students will be able to purchase the produce by the pound and should expect stocks to vary by season. Woodhull said she does not currently know where proceeds from the produce will go. See DUSDAC on page 5

Matt Drew Libertarian Education: B.S., North Carolina State University Employment: IT specialist, Web Performance, Inc.

Allan Polak Unaffiliated Employment: Self-employed, NOAH IT, LLC lina colucci/The Chronicle

Members of the Duke University Student Dining Advisory Committee toured the Great Hall’s kitchen and heard from manager Tony Preiss (left) about the dining hall’s daily operations during the group’s meeting Monday.


4 | TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 2009 the chronicle

Biosafety lab Study links lead exposure, poor scores advances H1N1 vaccine testing by Sabrina Rubakovic The chronicle

by Christine Chen The chronicle

Unbeknownst to many, nestled on the edge of Duke’s Medical Campus is a high-security lab that houses numerous contagious viruses. The Regional Biocontainment Laboratory on LaSalle Street near Erwin Road was the first of 13 of its kind in the country. It focuses on medical countermeasures—vaccines, drugs and diagnostics—in response to biological threats. The RBL ranks at Biosafety Level 3 on a scale of 4, meaning that it can handle hazardous microbes. The lab houses research animals and deals with airborne microbes, including influenza, tuberculosis, the plague and the West Nile virus. The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, an organization that is part of the National Institutes of Health, funded the lab’s construction in December 2006. Since then, the lab has conducted research for the NIH in accordance with objectives outlined by the NIAID Biodefense Network, a system that supports the research and development of vaccines against pathogens. With the recent outbreak of swine flu, RBL’s influenza sector found that only one dose of the vaccine is necessary to protect people from the H1N1 virus. In addition, the scientific community has accepted the lab’s publication detailing the virus’ behavior in animals and prevention strategies after exposure to the virus, said Dr. Richard Frothingham, RBL director. Elizabeth Ramsburg, a faculty member of the Laboratory of Vaccine Vector Immunology, said the lab also See RBL on page 7

Parents may want to think twice before letting their toddlers crawl around the house. A Duke study used data from all 100 counties in North Carolina to analyze the effect of lead exposure on test scores. The study, led by Marie Miranda, director of the Children’s Environmental Health Initiative, found that elementary school children performed worse on tests if they were exposed to small amounts of lead as infants. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention currently attempts to keep blood lead levels in children under 10 micrograms per deciliter, their “action level,” according to the CDC Web site. Miranda, associate professor of environmental sciences and policy at the Nicholas School of the Environment, focused on identifying the effects of lower blood levels­—2 to 3 micrograms per deciliter—on End of Grade test scores. The current CDC blood lead action level is found in about 500,000 children nationwide, Miranda said. But the level of focus in this study affects roughly 30 percent of children. She said the study’s findings aim to reduce the negative impact of such minimal levels of exposure to lead through effecting policy changes at the local, state and national level. “That’s a lot of kids. It’s hard to ignore that many kids,” Miranda said. The primary source of lead exposure is through deteriorating lead-based paint in older houses, she said. As the paint starts to degrade, it sheds a fine dust that can mix with household dust. Because infants tend to crawl on the floor and teethe on toys left on the ground, they have a higher level of exposure to dust, and thus to lead. Researchers analyzed blood lead data from the North Carolina Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program and education data from the North Carolina Education Research Data Center. “One of the things that we specialize in is linking previously unrelated data sets,” Miranda said. “So, we were able to find a child that had been tested for lead as an infant and reach forward into the education data and find their End of Grade test scores in elementary school.”

THE Sanford ScHool of PublIc PolIcy

Inaugural Series

november Speakers november 3, 5 p.m. fleishman commons, Sanford building

Michael Sandel Justice, What’s the Right Thing to Do? Prepare to question your convictions. Harvard Professor Michael Sandel’s wildly popular course “Justice” draws more than 1,000 undergraduates each year. The course addresses difficult moral dilemmas in everyday issues such as affirmative action, same-sex marriage, patriotism and rights. He is author of the book, “Justice: What’s the Right Thing to Do?” and the new PBS series of the same name. Book signing after the talk. contact: Sanford Events Office, (919) 613-7428.

november 4, 5 p.m. fleishman commons, Sanford building

Isaac Herzog Israel, World Affairs and the Peace Process rudnick Endowed lecture Israeli Minister of Welfare and Social Services Isaac Herzog will deliver the 2009 Rudnick Endowed Lecture. He will discuss the role of Israel in world affairs and the current state of the peace process with the Palestinians. The lecture is sponsored by the Office of the Vice Provost for International Affairs and Development and the Center for Jewish Studies, with funding provided by the Rudnick Lectureship Endowment. contact: Katie Joyce, (919) 681-1698. These events are free and open to the public. Parking available in the Bryan Center parking deck. SanfNovEventsad.indd 6

Indu Ramesh/The Chronicle

Marie Miranda, director of the Children’s Environmental Health Initiatve, found that lead negatively impacted test scores of children in poor neighborhoods because of their living conditions. Researchers controlled for the numerous variables that could affect EOG test scores, such as poverty level and parental education, by conducting an individual analysis of the impact of each. Miranda said these variables were found to negatively affect test scores. Statistical analysis played a large role in the study. See lead on page 6

november 9, 5:30 p.m. Page auditorium

fareed Zakaria The Rise of the Rest: The Post-American World One Year after the Election of Obama ambassador S. davis Phillips lecture Newsweek International Editor and CNN host Fareed Zakaria will discuss the changes in America’s role in international affairs since the election of President Obama. This lecture is made possible by the Ambassador S. Davis Phillips Endowment and is cosponsored by the American Grand Strategy Program and the Sanford School. The event is free, but tickets are required. Tickets will be distributed at the event, on a first-come, first-served basis. A limited number are available in advance from tickets.duke.edu or by phone at (919)684-4444 ($5 handling fee, limit 4).

www.sanford.duke.edu 10/28/09 10:25 AM


the chronicle

TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 2009 | 5

Feeling the squeeze of the recession

Caroline Rodriguez/The Chronicle

Fatimah Jackson, director of the Institute of African American Research at UNC-Chapel Hill, speaks about the effect recession of blacks at the African American Economic Summit Sunday afternoon.

DUSDAC from page 3 DUSDAC members also toured the Great Hall’s kitchens and storage units. Great Hall Manager Tony Preiss described the ordering, stocking and cooking processes to the group and discussed challenges Great Hall employees face due to space and time constraints. Still, Preiss said the small spaces are manageable because the University is conscientious about maintaining the space gives chefs and managers creative freedom. “The same challenge makes it a charming building to eat in, so we understand that,” he said. “When you go into the dining

Langsfeld from page 1 “Even accomplished journalists are inclined to see a real difference between the old SDP and the new left party,” she said. “While the jargon has changed and the lingo sounds more fashionable, the substance of the socialist party’s policy proposals has hardly changed at all.” Students at the event said they found Lengsfeld’s story and her involvement with such a large historical event interesting. “It was great to see so many students come out to hear about her personal experiences and the role she played in bringing down the wall,” said Michelle Eley, a graduate student in the German department. The event, which was funded by the Department of Germanic Languages and Literature and Duke University Union Major Speakers Committee, is part of this week’s Freedom Without Walls celebration. Duke is one of 30 universities in the United States partnering with the German Embassy in Washington, D.C. to hold events on and around the 20th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall. The partnership includes a $5,000 grant from the embassy to the schools for pro-

room and look at the grandeur and the spectacle of it, you’re like, ‘Well, it’s a trade-off like most things.’ So even though it’s not designed for maximum efficiency, Duke has been very accommodating in trying to update it and maintain it.” Co-Chair Jason Taylor, a senior, wrote in an e-mail that the group feels it is important to develop relationships with the managers and operators of the Great Hall, which he called “a center of upperclassman dining livelihood and social interaction.” “We wanted to see just what improvements we could offer the Great Hall, and how we, as a student group, could help them move toward a vision of their eatery that would be both enjoyable and innovative to students, yet economi-

gram funding. Lengsfeld’s time spent on the frontlines of the struggle against communism dates back to her college years in London, where instead of choosing a more comfortable life in England, she returned to East Germany to fight for human rights. In 1988, she was arrested for displaying a sign proclaiming: “Every citizen has the right to express his opinion freely and openly.” This statement, considered too radical for East Germany, led to Lengsfeld’s arrest and detainment in a prison of the East German secret police. During a tour of that prison last Fall, senior Albert Karcher, co-president of the Duke German club and a member of the Freedom Without Walls committee, met Lengsfeld. When the committee began planning this event at the beginning of the semester, Lengsfeld was the first speaker Karcher thought of. “What a horrible experience it is to be in one of those prisons, isolated from her friends and family, in horrible conditions,” Karcher said, recalling the tour with Lengsfeld. “We thought that she would be able to share some interesting stories and give some personal perspective about what it was like to be there during the fall of the wall.”

cally and pragmatically feasible for a business such as themselves,” Taylor said. “Tonight, I feel like we accomplished that, and I’m excited to see some of the changes we suggested be implemented over the coming weeks.” In other business: The committee heard updates on Armadillo Grill and The Refectory. Woodhull’s update brought up concerns about salsa flavor rotation, margarita prices and audio equipment for bands who play at the Dillo. Senior Caroline Yoder updated the group on The Refectory, and members discussed adding more vegan options and advertising of the eatery’s second location at the School of Law.

UNIVERSITY SEMINAR ON GLOBAL HEALTH

Child Rights and Child Health in South Africa Marian Jacobs Dean of the Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town Professor of Child Health and Public Health Pediatrician Former Director of the Child Health Policy Institute

Thursday, November 5, 2009 4:30pm Room 217, Perkins Library 104 Chapel Drive Parking available in Bryan Center Visitor Parking Deck Light refreshments served


6 | TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 2009 the chronicle

lead from page 4

climate plan from page 1

The primary technique used was quantile regression, said Jerome Reiter, a researcher in the study and associate professor of statistical science. Unlike linear regression, which analyzes the impact of certain variables on the mean, quantile regression focuses on the impact of these variables on different areas of the distribution. “Quantile regression allows you to focus your analysis on the tails of distributions—the low ends or the high ends—as opposed to the middle,” Reiter said. “Often, that’s where the action is.” This form of analysis led researchers to conclude that, in addition to being exposed to higher amounts of lead, children at the low end of the EOG score distribution are more heavily affected by this lead exposure than children at the high end. This same trend was evident in the variables of poverty level and parental education attainment. Miranda said she hopes the findings will have an impact on future lead regulations. “I think that the CDC blood lead action level needs to be reduced to five micrograms per deciliter,” she said. “And, I think that we need to have a concerted effort to create more protective housing environments for children.”

off, administrators said they do not know how much it will cost for Duke to achieve carbon neutrality. “We’ll look for partners to help invest, but we’re not going to have any big expenditures any time soon,” said Executive Vice President Tallman Trask, another CSC co-chair. The University’s most recent CAP initiative—renovating the East Campus Steam Plant to use natural gas instead of coal—will be completed in 2010. The $20 to $25 million project, which will reduce the plant’s emissions by as much as 85 percent, will be Duke’s most expensive green venture in the near future, Capps said. In addition, 10 hybrid buses will replace part of the current fleet. Three have already been ordered and are scheduled to arrive in 18 months, Trask said. The University will now focus on cheaper projects that promote the plan’s goal, such as incentives for Duke employees to use alternate transportation, Capps said. Strategies include giving vouchers to employees who carpool and working with regional transportation services including the Durham Area Transit Authority and the Triangle Transit Authority to create routes that better serve the Duke community. Capps said employees would be encouraged to try “little things” to reduce their carbon footprints. “It’s not that they have to bike to campus 365 days a year. But they can bike to campus one or two days a week,” she said. Educating students, faculty and other community members is a priority, and including environmental education in the curriculum is a low-cost measure. The plan suggests including environmental citizenship, literacy and sustainability as a Mode of Inquiry. Freshman Ari Ruffer, a Duke Student Government academic affairs senator, presented a resolution to endorse the Climate Action Plan to DSG at last week. It passed unanimously. Ruffer said he hopes to set up meetings between students and members of the sustainability committee to define environmental literacy—what Duke students need to know about the environment before graduating.

LOOKING FOR SOMETHING TO

SPICE UP SPRING SEMESTER? Anímalo with Latino/a Studies Courses LSGS 100: Introduction to Latino/a Studies in the Global South LSGS150S: Latino/a Hip Hop: Representation and Resistance

Visit http://latino.aas.duke.edu for more information.

Ruffer said he felt many students were not exposed to the University’s environmental knowledge resources. “The most important thing is environmental literacy and implementing it into the curriculum, and DSG plans to have a role in that process,” Ruffer said. The University also hopes to work with communities in North Carolina on sustainable projects, including a project on hog waste that involved collaborations among the Pratt School of Engineering, the Fuqua School of Business and the Nicholas School. In the project, methane gas from swine waste would be captured and converted at three hog farms in the state. The Climate Action Plan sets goals for the University alone—it does not include the health system. Capps said other universities did not include their medical campuses in their plans because those campuses have different growth patterns, adding that Duke wanted its plan to be similar to those of peer institutions so Duke could gain a clearer idea of its progress. Capps said the medical center would benefit from energy-reducing changes made elsewhere on campus. The health system is undergoing major changes, and Chameides said he suspected it could not make a longterm commitment to carbon neutrality now. On campus, the plan outlines projects that will be initiated in the coming years. Because existing buildings have the greatest environmental impact, Duke will decide this year which are “energy hogs” and would benefit most from renovations to decrease energy consumption, Capps said. New buildings must have at least a silver level Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design certification from the United States Green Buildings Council. Thirteen campus projects are already LEED certified. Capps added that the University hopes to reduce energy consumption in existing buildings 15 percent by 2030. “We tried to be conservative in some of the reduction goals and hope to exceed them over time,” she said. Capps said the plan is likely to see alterations in the future, as new technologies and climate legislation emerge. “This is really a way to look out and set a goal for ourselves, but we’re going to change it over time,” she said.


the chronicle

RBL from page 4 aims to improve the effectiveness of existing vaccines. “We are involved in one project that directly addresses the novel H1N1 virus, the goal of which is to develop rapid diagnostics that would determine who is sick, before they get sick,” Ramsburg said. But the RBL does not have a direct role in manufacturing the vaccine. The World Health Organization determines the appropriate strains to make vaccines for, Ramsburg said. She calls the RBL a “basic research lab” that looks into how well the H1N1 vaccine functions. Part of what makes the lab unique is its size, Frothingham said. There are eight BSL3 laboratories equipped with hightech equipment such as two BSL3 aerosol exposure chambers for whole-body or noseonly experiments. Frothingham said the lab is equipped with “state-of-the-art controls” that go beyond the usual standards. For example, the lab not only directly exhausts air out of the building without recirculation, but also filters the air with High Efficiency Particulate Air filters. Lab workers wear protective gear such as Tyvek suits, which are full-body plastic suits with masks and personal respirators. In addition, each individual experiment is conducted in a separate, sealed room.

TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 2009 | 7

All researchers must go through a rigorous safety training program before working in high containment areas, Director of Operations Scott Alderman wrote in an e-mail. Researchers must learn about numerous safety measures such as donning and doffing personal protective equipment, safety cabinet operation, proper handling of sharp objects and proper response to emergency situations. The lab floor is made of seamless epoxy, and the walls are painted with the same material so that the surfaces remain sealed. In addition to the epoxy, the lab structure also uses stainless steel to make the facilities easier to clean. Unlike the movie “Airborne,” large masked suits are not needed to enter the general lab to protect from contamination— just plain blue booties—as the RBL is extremely sanitary, Alderman said. “There is a misconception by some that as soon as you walk into a BSL3 laboratory, you are immediately exposed to infectious microbes,” he said. “This is simply not the case. I would argue that the bench tops, floors and ceilings in the RBL’s BSL3 laboratories are some of the cleanest surfaces on Duke’s campus.” The lab’s animals are also insulated from possible infections. They are kept in carefully sealed cages—separate from humans and each other—and their air supply is cleaned by HEPA filters.

The lab does not specifically deal with the possibility of bioterrorism, but aims to improve human health, Frothingham said. But Alderman noted that the RBL does, in fact, handle research related to biological threats. “It was built to support research activities necessary for the development of better drugs, diagnostics and vaccines to protect the general population from emerging infectious diseases and biological threats,” Alderman said. The lab, however, may have been inspired by issues surrounding bioterrorism. Tommy Thompson, then NIH Health and Human Services Secretary, announced in 2003 that the NIH would provide $350 million worth of grants for the next five years to establish eight Regional Centers of Excellence for Biodefense and Emerging Infectious Diseases Research across the United States. These multidisciplinary centers were considered a key element in HHS’s strategic plan for biodefense research. “We have moved with unprecedented speed and determination to prepare for a bioterror attack or any other public health crisis since the terrorist attacks of 2001,” Thompson said in a statement Sept. 4, 2003. “These new grants add to this effort and will not only better prepare us for a bioterrorism attack, but will also enhance our ability to deal with any public health crisis, such as SARS and West Nile virus.”

?

...

ourself y d e k s a r e v e ave you

H

What am I looking for in life? What is the meaning of my life? How can I be a better person? What can I do about the loneliness I feel? How can I come to know God’s love? How can I know the right path God has in store for me?

The Duke Catholic Student Center at Duke University will soon begin a new journey in faith to share the richness of the Catholic Church and our community at Duke. We invite you to learn what the Church teaches, and be introduced to some of our community members. These sessions are opportunities for you, and others that you may wish to invite, to ask those perplexing and difficult questions you may have about the Church. These gatherings are for people inquiring about becoming Catholic and are open to people who are unbaptized, as well as those who are baptized.

Sessions are always held on Thursdays from 7-8:30 pm in the Falcone-Arena House off of East Campus (Address 402 N. Buchanan Blvd.). Feel free to come any night. Please give us a call if you have questions or would like further information at 680-2521, or email us at catherine.preston@duke.edu

catholic.duke.edu

(919) 684-8959

privacy from page 1 reduce the proposed funding for the research, it opted not to. The difficult engineering challenges of the project posed by the development of peer-to-peer networks merited the significant sum, he said. Sophomore Ali Cohen questioned whether the funding was necessary to research privacy on social networking sites. “If you’re thinking about it

in the grand scheme of things, you kind of choose to make a Facebook,” Cohen said. “So why should [NSF] be investing all this money?” But sophomore Angela Sheng said she supports this newest effort to solve social networking Web sites’ privacy problems and would delete her Facebook account if she felt it invaded her privacy. “[Facebook’s] nice, but I’d rather be safe than anything else,” she said.

photo illustration by michael naclerio and libby busdicker/The Chronicle

Some students are actively protecting their privacy online by deleting their content off social networking Web sites such as Facebook and MySpace.


8 | TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 2009 the chronicle

Department of African and African American Studies

Looking for a challenge, a provocation, a new take on old knowledge, …. and a good time?  H H ee rr ee ’’ s w w h h aa t A A A A A A S h h aa s tt o oo ff ff ee r ff oo r SS p p rr ii n n g 22 00 11 0  —————————— 

Film and Popular Culture 

AAAS  104.03 

Hollywood & Africa: Case Studies in Filmic Representation.  Filmic representation and reality, across  the continent, from Tarzan to The Last King of Scotland. (Prof. Stephen Smith) 

AAAS  132.01 

Black Popular Culture/Sampling Soul. Co‐taught with Grammy Award winning producer 9th Wonder, the  course will examine Soul Music as the raw material for contemporary forms of black expression.  (Prof. Mark A. Neal). 

AAAS  199.03 

“The Wire”. “The Wire” examines the contemporary American city by way of the HBO series of the same title.  (Prof. Anne‐Marie Makhulu). 

AAAS  299S.01 

The Chitlin’ Circuit. This circuit is the exclusive province where we see and hear what blackness called its  own. (Prof. Mark. A. Neal). 

AAAS  107.01 

Introduction to African Studies.  A broad‐strokes introduction to the history, politics, culture,  aesthetics, and religion of African peoples. (Prof. Charles Piot). 

AAAS  199.02 

Heritage Tourism, Slavery, and the Atlantic Worlds. Exploring the sites related to the Atlantic slave  trade—history, castles, dungeons, commodification, and memory. (Prof. Bayo Holsey). 

AAAS  198S.01 

Citizens and Subjects: Routes of Race, Place, and Power. What do eating turtles, dressing up, surviving  flood, bribing the government for a birth certificate in your own place, and being jobless have in common?  (Prof. Michaeline Crichlow). 

AAAS  297S.01 

Teaching Race, Teaching Gender. How do we teach social inequality and manage the rich complications of  the classroom? (Prof. Wahneema Lubiano). 

AAAS  104.04 

Sex Trade/Trafficking in Africa. This course traces the movement of those trafficked and the consumption  process of the trade. (Prof. Akosua Darkwah). 

AAAS  299S.03 

Social Theory, Economic Policy, and African American Literature. Thinking about the work of theory  and the production of policy in a conversation with African American literature. (Prof. William Darity). 

AAAS  299S.01 

Race, Nation, and Diaspora. This course explores constructions of collective identity through the rubrics of  “race,” “nation,” and “diaspora.” (Prof. Bayo Holsey). 

AAAS  299S.04 

The Other African Americans. Black Americans are diverse: Nigerians, Ethiopians, Jamaicans, Trinidadians,  Haitians, Louisiana Creoles of color, black Indians, Gullah/Geechees, and more. How do the past and present  shape lives and identities—racial and ethnic? (Prof. J. Lorand Matory). 

History 

Social Thought 

Contemporary Issues 

Art/Music 

AAAS  104.02 

Black Female Bodies in Art.  What do we see? When and where do we see? How do we see these bodies?  (Prof. Fatimah Tuggar). 

AAAS  199S.02 

African Art on the Continent and in the Diaspora.  This course traces the movement of African art across  space and time. (Prof. Fatimah Tuggar). 

AAAS  199S.04 

African Music and Film.  Music moves with independence struggles. Genre, motivations, social settings, and  illustrated instrumentations via film and video. (Bouna Ndiaye). 

There’s more …. See the AAAS website @ http://aaas.duke.edu/


Sports

>> MEN’S SOCCER

The Chronicle

What’s a Wade Wacko?

I have no concept of what a big DukeUNC football game looks like. Will there be a buzz on campus? Will Duke fans actually travel well? There isn’t a point of reference to compare a “big game” like this one to because, well, Duke hasn’t played in a “big game” against a rival for a pretty long time. And yet, this is the great thing about following the Blue Devils this year: There is no blueprint, no fake, media-created idea of what this football rivalry means and certainly no cheer sheets. Taylor Fans who will only now start following Duke Football because they hear rumblings of a bowl game have missed the point. Making a bowl game would be a tangible symbol that this team has finally made it, but the more valuable experience is to have watched everything come together to make such a run possible. On Saturday, in place of the “Fire Ted Roof” cries of the past, fans will—maybe, if the Blue Devils actually win—have the chance to chant something at the end of the game boasting the victory. The real mystery is what they might chant: There isn’t really a precedent in the near past for celebrating a win that would put the Blue Devils a victory away from bowl eligibility. Duke Football’s lack of a glorious history accounts for perhaps the greatest difference between following Duke Football and Duke Basketball. The idea of the Cameron Crazies is established; incoming students don’t necessarily have an impact on defining what a Cameron Crazie acts like.

ONLINE

TUESDAY

November 3, 2009

The Blue Devils moved up to No. 13 in the country after defeating Virginia Tech Duke Football’s road matchup with UNC this Saturday will be aired on ESPNU

www.dukechroniclesports.com

DUKE

FIND

CAMERON INDOOR STADIUM • TUESDAY • 7 p.m. • EXHIBITION

Doherty

See doherty on page 11

lawson kurtz/Chronicle file photo

Watching the Duke football program grow toward respectability has its own unique charm for fans.

michael naclerio/The Chronicle

Miles Plumlee (21, center) and the Blue Devil front line faces an experienced Findlay squad that won the 2008-2009 Division II national title Tuesday at 7 p.m.

Duke takes on national champs by Patricia Lee The chronicle

There are only 10 days until the basketball season begins. At that point, the student section will be filled with royal blue and yelling Cameron Crazies. The stadium will be echoing with cries and cheers from lifelong Duke fans. Even Crazy Towel Guy will make his presence known after every Blue Devil basket. But before all the intensity completely kicks in, Duke will face one last team in an exhibition game to prepare for non-conference play. The Blue Devils square off against Findlay—the defending NCAA Division II National Champions—tonight at 7 p.m. in Cameron Indoor Stadium. Even though the Oilers pulled off a perfect 36-0 record last season and are ranked No. 4 in the Division II preseason poll, they likely won’t be much of a problem for No. 8 Duke, which sees this game as an opportunity to work on plays and defense. “It’s good to play a school which won the national championship in their division,” said senior forward Lance Thomas, who was unable to play in the Pfeiffer exhibition game because of an illness. “We know they’re a really good team, and it’ll be good to play against a team with a very big ego who knows how to win.” The Blue Devils tend to schedule exhibition games against highly-ranked teams in lower divisions to get used to playing against winning teams who consistently perform well. Two years ago, the team played its last

preseason game against Barton College, “We’re looking good, and we’re workthe 2006 NCAA Division II champion. ing really hard,” Thomas said. “We’ve “These games are a big help, and it’s been working on being consistent. We good for us to keep working on the things have a lot of height and we have a lot of we’ve been practicing,” Thomas said. experience in the backcourt.” To gear up for this season, Duke hopes That height and experience could spell to capitalize on its taller players and work trouble for the Oilers. on passing the ball into the middle for more shooting opportunities and rebounds. “We have a lot of improvements to work on, and defensively we need to get a lot better and know our rotation,” senior point guard Jon Scheyer said. “We need to get the ball inside more... to our big guys. This gives us more dimensions and more ways to score, and that’s just something we need to keep working on.” The players also emphasized the importance of the freshmen this year and their performance in previous and future games. The three newcomers—Andre Dawkins, Ryan Kelly and Mason Plumlee— seem to have generated instant camaraderie with the older players and have gained their respect. “One thing I like about all of them is that they’re not tentative at all,” Scheyer said. “They’re really aggressive, which I really like.” With all these advantages, the Blue Devils are looking toward a convincing victory that will set the tone for the beginning of the season. And with Thomas recovering from his zachary tracer/Chronicle file photo illness and returning to the court, the team can look forward to having a stronger of- Senior Lance Thomas has recovered from an illness fense and increased enthusiasm as well. and will play Tuesday at 7 p.m. against Findlay.


10 | TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 2009 the chronicle

Football

OFFENSE Rush:

making the grade EXAM NO. 8: The Virginia Cavaliers

Overall Grade:

Once again Duke’s rushing attack was subpar, earning only 81 yards on the ground on 39 carries, leading to a paltry 2.1 yardper-carry average. Still, for the first time in recent memory the Blue Devil run game showed flashes of adequacy, as periodic five- and 10-yard rushes forced the Cavaliers to at least respect the possibility of a run. Duke may not have run the ball very well, but the backs still contributed in pass protection and in catching balls out of the backfield.

Pass:

Behind the experience of Thaddeus Lewis and the playmaking ability of a young receiving corps, Duke’s passing attack continues to rank amongst the nations best. The “Killer Vs,” Donovan Varner and Conner Vernon, both eclipsed 100 yards receiving for the second straight game with seven receptions each. But Duke’s inability to convert inside the 20-yard line, including a Lewis interception in the end zone, kept this game close until the end despite Duke’s dominating effort through the air.

X’s & O’s:

For a team that accumulated 424 yards of total offense it should be surprising that Duke came away with only 21 offensive points against Virginia, including five field goals by Will Snyderwine. Those issues prevented Duke from ever running away from the Cavaliers, a deficiency that must be addressed if the Blue Devils hope to continue their run at bowl eligibility.

DEFENSE Rush: Pass: X’s & O’s:

B+

Overall Grade:

A-

Against a team known for its powerful running game, the Blue Devil front seven showed once again that it is the core of Duke’s defense. In limiting the Cavaliers to 89 yards rushing, the Blue Devils forced Virginia’s offense to alter its game plan and rely more on the pass than it expected. As usual, linebacker Vincent Rey led the charge with 10 tackles, but for the second straight week Matt Daniels proved to be a significant contributor with seven tackles of his own. The Blue Devil secondary made it obvious why Virginia is known as a run-first team after holding Cavalier quarterbacks below a 35 percent completion rate. Despite only recording two sacks, Duke maintained consistent pressure on the Virginia signalcallers throughout the game, forcing them to make quick decisions that played right into Duke’s hands. Once again Leon Wright showed that he is developing into a shutdown corner, as he accumulated five tackles and an interception. A constant presence in the backfield not only limited the damage done by Virginia’s running game, but forced the Cavaliers’ quarterbacks into uncomfortable situations. Despite a dominating defensive performance, a few blown plays and costly penalties allowed the Cavaliers to stay in the game and score 17 points despite accumulating only 196 yards of offense on the day.

Highest marks: K Will Snyderwine

Singling out the kicker may seem anticlimactic, but without Snyderwine’s consistency Duke would have quickly lost control of this game. Indeed, if the special teams had performed as they did earlier this season, the Blue Devils would have had a slim chance at victory after their red-zone hiccups.

Hit the books: Duke’s Red Zone Offense

It cannot be emphasized enough how close Duke was to losing a game which it dominated simply because it settled for three points too often. Needless to say, more poweful offenses like Miami and Georgia Tech will not be as forgiving as the Cavaliers were. — by Scott Rich

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the chronicle

TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 2009 | 11

doherty from page 9 Rather, they mold their own behavior and chants at games to imitate the historical idea of what a Cameron Crazie is. Freshmen learn to jump up and down while shaking their hands and screaming “Ohhhhhhh…” as Duke plays defense, call for the Crazy Towel guy to do his shtick and bow in adoration of Coach K as soon as he steps foot on the court. They do it because, well, that’s what Cameron Crazies have always done and so they keep that ball rolling. Cutcliffe’s program just doesn’t work that way. Who can really say what a “Wade Wacko” is other than Tailgate-going or costume-wearing? The idea of widespread, passionate student support for football at Duke is, at best, wishful thinking. After the 28-17 Duke victory against Virginia Saturday, senior defensive end Ayanga Okpokowuruk spoke in the locker room about how the win was special because it represented the type of turnaround that he and the other members of his recruiting class had aspired to make while they were still in high school. At that time, if you were going to join the Duke program, your motivation couldn’t have possibly been to join a storied legacy—the Blue Devils have four winless seasons since 1996 and another five seasons with two or fewer wins. Instead, recruits had to agree to be a part of a team that would try to make that legacy and create new history. “This is why we came here—to turn [the program] around,” Okpokowuruk said. A student’s motivation to start attending games, then, is to be a part of turning things around. The football experience is enjoyable because it’s organic and potentially creative.

The basketball experience on this campus isn’t worse, but it is certainly different. The inherent risk in being a fan of a team with as much history as Duke Basketball is to let those tangible signs of the program’s identity—those banners and jerseys that hang from the rafters—become the only things that matter, or to completely embrace the idea of being a Cameron Crazie the way the national media portrays it rather than to continue to be creative (which is, of course, what made the fans infamous in the first place). It’s no wonder that head coach Mike Krzyzewski is giving out tickets to the students who hold up the best signs at home games this season. It’s about encouraging the spontaneity of the student section. When tradition becomes habit, it’s time to mix it up. Last Saturday, I was sitting in the press box at Virginia’s Scott Stadium when Thad Lewis threw that pass to Conner Vernon for 42 yards, a touchdown and the lead with less than four minutes remaining. At the very moment that nearly the entire stadium seemed to go silent, I heard a small group of grown men screaming at the top of their lungs about thirty yards away. My initial reaction was that a pack of Duke fans had infiltrated the nearby Cavaliers’ stands, but as I turned my head to the left, I realized who it was: part of the Blue Devils’ coaching staff watching their vision of Duke Football become a reality on the field. Certainly, that sort of frantic screaming wasn’t a part of any plan. A quieter group of nearby Duke fans— glad the team’s bowl chances were still alive—looked over at them with a smile. They didn’t expect that sort of cheering, but they liked it. They too were a part of watching the program turn around.

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Cross Country

Blue Devil squads finish in top 5 at ACC meet Both the men’s and women’s squad performed well at the ACC Championships this weekend, placing fourth and second, respectively, at the conference meet in Cary, N.C. On the men’s side, Duke finished with 74 points, 18 behind winner N.C. State. The Blue Devils, though, can be proud of their position just off the medal stand: Duke finished just three points behind Virginia,

michael naclerio/Chronicle file photo

The Duke women’s cross country team did well to finish second at the ACC Championships over the weekend.

which took second place, and two behind Florida State, which ended up in third. Junior Bo Waggoner finished sixth out of 109 in the 8K race with a time of 23:34.04. His effort earned him All-ACC honors for the second straight year. Junior Cory Nanni finished 14th in the same race to earn the All-ACC accolade as well. “Our guys ran tough today,” men’s head coach Norm Ogilvie said. “We couldn’t be prouder of their effort. We were the first team to get five men in and that’s what cross country’s all about. We just didn’t have enough up front to upset Florida State.” The Duke women did even better than their male counterparts, finishing the meet in second place. The Seminoles ran away with the gold medal and an ACC title with just 37 points, but the Blue Devils were clearly the next-best squad. Duke totaled 71 points, and Virginia, the third-place finisher, had 84. Three Duke women earned All-ACC honors: Carly Seymour, Juliet Bottorff and Kate Van Buskirk. All three did so for their performances in the 6K race. “Our top five kids all ran quite well,” women’s head coach Kevin Jermyn said. “We had a few kids that are a little bit disappointed, but overall, a good showing. We feel like if we can get things to gel at a higher level, we can finish closer to a team like Florida State. They’re a strong team that had a great day.” —from staff reports


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the chronicle

TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 2009 | 13

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The Independent Daily at Duke University

The Chronicle

14 | TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 2009 the chronicle commentaries

New federal copyright rules out of sync Colleges and universities than five gigabytes of data a are yet again being thrown day, targeting illegal and overinto the Recording Industry zealous distribution of files. Association of America’s fight The Office of Informaagainst illegal file-sharing. tion Technology already eduNew federal cates students rules published and professors editorial last Thursday inabout Universistruct schools to develop writ- ty network rules governing file ten plans to combat illegal file- sharing for both academic and sharing, educate their network non-academic purposes. users about laws regarding And alternatives to illegal copyright material and offer downloads are also made availlegal alternatives to download- able, including iTunes U and ing protected content. These membership to Ruckus, an onrestrictions will apply to every line site that has a free library institution of higher education of diverse media content. that receives federal funds. On the whole, it is difficult For Duke, this will require for universities to oppose efno significant change to ex- forts to enforce copyright isting policy, as its current ef- laws. Intellectual property forts meet these criteria. rights protect the work of At the moment, the Univer- professors and encourage sity restricts Internet privileges new research, a fundamental of students who share more component of the American

onlinecomment

Though the lack of a unifying Halloween activity on the Duke campus shouldn’t be a top priority, there definitely should be an effort done to start one.

—“Gertrude Higgins” commenting on the column “Phhttrrrbbh.” See more at www.dukechronicle.com.

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“T

higher education system. Furthermore, the new stipulations are undoubtedly better than the old tactics, where the RIAA targeted individual students and sued for large amounts of money. But the rules’ scope and heavy-handedness are troubling. University communities in particular are being singled out for copyright enforcement simply because they are an easy target. College students have access to high-speed, hightech networks, and universities have more important issues to attend to than fighting off this type of regulation. If the RIAA and similar organizations wanted to significantly curtail illegal downloads, however, they should target large commercial In-

ternet Service Providers like Comcast and Verizon. ISPs have the power to attack the problem at its root, but their large lobbying budgets likely prevent the imposition of federal restrictions of this kind. Additionally, it is concerning that this mandate is being enforced in a top-down manner that impinges on the freedom of institutions of higher education. Since practically every college and university accepts some form of federal funding, they must comply with the new regulation. To whatever extent possible, higher education should be free from federal involvement, and these rules set a dangerous precedent. In the future, it is likely that the assessment and enforcement of this policy will stifle

its efficacy. Determining if the written plan each university must submit is in compliance with the new rule will be a difficult process infused with subjective evaluation. Over the past decade, stopping illegal file-sharing has devolved into an unsuccessful game of cat-and-mouse. As new technologies continue to rapidly develop, reactive efforts to combat copyright violations— epitomized by this new federal rule—will not work. Instead, new proactive mechanisms are required to protect intellectual property in our increasingly digital age. This situation demands substantive and comprehensive reform from the federal government—not petty, piecemeal policies driven by the RIAA.

The “s” word

he Union of American Socialist Republics is being born.” —Mike Huckabee, former Arkansas governor and U.S. presidential candidate, February 2009. Now, I’m no political science major, but I’m pretty sure Huckabee missed laura keeley the mark on that eurotrip one, just like all the other conservatives that have been throwing out the “s” word— “socialist”—over the past nine months (seriously, in the United States calling someone a “socialist” is like calling a teenage girl “fat”—you just don’t go there). Even Newsweek jumped on the bandwagon back in February when they ran a cover with a red hand grasping a blue hand under the headline, “We are all socialists now.” And this was before Obama paid a September visit to a Florida classroom to both address the kids about the importance of studying hard and “indoctrinate America’s children to his socialist agenda” (Chairman of the Republican Party in Florida Jim Greer’s words, not mine). Furthermore, all of this commotion predates the current health care debate raging today. Well, I have a challenge for the next person who calls Obama a socialist: come to Spain, where the PSOE (Partido Socialista Obrero Español or “the Spanish Socialist Workers Party”) has been in power since 2004. Then talk to me about what socialism really is. Even an open-minded college student slash future journalist like myself has issues when confronted with a truly socialist system. For example, in my first lecture of the sociology of business class that I am taking at the University of San Pablo, our Spanish teacher explained that every business ideally wants to achieve excellent technical results (aka profits) while at the same time having excellent human results (high worker satisfaction levels). She then posed a situational question: Would it be easier for a business with solid technical results but poor human results to achieve an elevated status or vice versa? We six Dukies conferred and agreed that being technically sound and making profits was of primary importance, and companies could deal with the human relations later. Right? WRONG! According to our teacher, “If people like their company and bond together to form a team, then they will work much better and the company will move to the elevated status more easily.” I’m sure that was Wall Street’s problem—they just didn’t like each other enough. I couldn’t help but think that’s great that they’ll all feel warm and fuzzy on the inside, but

what if this team can’t turn a profit? Rather than fighting it, I just followed the lead of my friend and wrote SOCIALISM in big letters on the page, making a mental note to remember that the answer was counter-intuitive. In another class focusing on Spanish communication skills, we were talking about the health care “situation” in the United States. My Spanish teacher, who speaks English and understands United States culture, listened as we boiled down what the debate currently raging back home on the Hill meant for us and our socioeconomic demographic. “Don’t you feel a civic, moral duty to help out the less fortunate in your country?” she asked. Obviously, but doesn’t it run against the American Dream for the average person to have a 37 percent income tax (and up to 41 percent for the more wealthy) as they do in Spain to support those who aren’t as successful? Not only does this money in Spain go toward health care and social security, but it also goes toward paying an unemployed worker up to 80 percent of his old salary for up to two years. In the states, aren’t we all about the whole pull-yourself-up-by-your-bootstraps and make your own success mentality? From my experience, the answer is yes, but that does not make us terrible people. It just means we are more individually-minded than collectively minded. It’s in our blood. But, in the spirit of new experiences, my friends and I decided to embrace the Spanish lifestyle, including its socialist tendencies. We even gave socialism a new, less-cumbersome definition: “The most good for the most people.” This definition comes in handy sometimes and can be applied to many situations in the good ol’ U.S. of A. and back at dear old Duke. For example, maybe when Obama officially comes out of the closet as a socialist, he can buy all of our section party and Tailgate supplies for us. That would certainly help out the fraternity boys, who are the most overtaxed demographic when it comes to funding parties. And maybe then we can make it easier for bigger groups (aka “the most people”, in this equation) to get into basketball games (Oh wait, I think someone might have beaten me to that last one—perhaps there is a socialist movement on campus?!?). Who knows, maybe if these measures pass, upset students can start calling President Brodhead a socialist as well. After all, I hear the “s” word is all the rage in America now. But until Obama gives me a red solo cup or Brodhead throws his hands up to “Party in the USA,” I think I will leave Spain to its socialism and take my capitalism with some reformed health care on the side. Long live The Union of American and European Capitalist Socialist Republics. Laura Keeley is a Trinity junior. Her column runs every other Tuesday.


the chronicle

TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 2009 | 15

commentaries

letterstotheeditor Leave endowment management to DUMAC In his Oct. 29 letter, “Duke sustainability requires endowment transparency,” Mikael Owunna showed an extremely limited understanding of investment management and the ethics involved. It is alarming that any one should seek knowledge of Duke University Management Company’s investment holdings in order to pursue a witch-hunt against them. The idea that DUMAC should be some kind of activist fund that only invests in cowdung reprocessing communes and free-trade coffee distributors is highly ironic considering our intellectual wealth is in part a result of a far more realistic investment strategy. If Owunna got his way, we might be forced to live with far lower returns on the endowment over the next few years, a frightening prospect considering our present budget short-falls. Somehow I think that professional money managers might be better at managing money than 20-something kids too blinded by saving the world to worry about the University’s financial solvency. If those who seek transparency do so because they expect to find investments in Sudanese arms manufacturers and DDT dumpers, they are extremely naive about the nature of transparency. The reason why DUMAC and the majority of good investment managers keep their holdings and strategies secret is because public knowledge would cause them to lose their edge. These are investment strategies developed by highly trained and experienced professionals—many who have a Ph.D.—that can be executed successfully only when others have no knowledge of them. It’s not that DUMAC is hiding their holdings because they are unethical; it’s simply because their returns would be in jeopardy when others learned of the strategies. Finally, Owunna’s suggestion that DUMAC should refrain from investing in utility companies because they operate a coal-fired power plant is ridiculous considering many U.S. utilities own coalplants. What’s next? DUMAC shouldn’t invest in any pharmaceutical companies that use animal testing? That’s pretty much all of them. As you can see, investing is done best when left to the professionals. Kevin Mulhern Trinity ’12 Poor choice of words I was disappointed in the choice of words used in the Oct. 28 Chronicle article “DUPD cop arrested on rape charges.” The victim reported that she was bound, gagged, possibly drugged and then raped. However, when describing this incident, the reporter uses the word “alleged” repeatedly: “the alleged attack,” “the alleged assault,” “the alleged rape” and “the alleged victim.” I recognize that Officer Webster Simmons is innocent until proven guilty. I also recognize that recent events at Duke have shown that one should not rush to judgment in rape cases and that some rape allegations are false. However, I worry that we are creating an environment where all women who report a rape are presumed to be liars until they can prove otherwise. Having sex with a woman who is so drunk that she is passing out already meets the legal definition of rape, much less handcuffing her and

gagging her. I definitely do think that it is appropriate to say that Simmons “allegedly” committed the crime until he is convicted in a court of law, but assuming the police found her testimony to be credible, can’t we just say, “she was raped”? A cynic might suggest that the editors of the Chronicle believe that the reports of rape victims are inherently unreliable. If we simply accept the principle that a person is innocent until proven guilty and avoid making inflammatory statements about the accused until they are convicted, then we can avoid tarnishing the reputation of an innocent person without casting doubt on the credibility of rape victims generally or discouraging other women from reporting incidents of rape. Eric Bair Adjunct assistant professor of biostatistics School of Dentistry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Expand South Asian Studies offerings While it is encouraging to hear that President Richard Brodhead is taking initiative in making Duke a global leader in education by meeting with Kapil Sibal, India’s human resource development minister, it is equally disconcerting to find that his own students at Duke receive a substandard international curriculum everyday. Duke’s undergraduate international curriculum lags embarrassingly behind peer institutions such as Harvard University or the University of Pennsylvania. Duke currently packages all Asian and Middle Eastern studies into the Asian and Middle Eastern Studies Department, lumping together Chinese, Japanese, Israeli, Middle Eastern, Arab, Korean and South Asian studies into one underfunded, underrepresented and under-appreciated program. Consider South Asia alone. If you’re a student at the University of Pennsylvania this semester, you have the option of taking 25 different courses within the Department of South Asian Studies, and that does not even include the 12 different South Asian languages offered nor the other South Asian Studies courses offered by other departments. Meanwhile, if you’re a student at Duke, you have the opportunity of taking one South Asian language and expanding your coursework to include all three courses total regarding South Asia offered this semester. That literally means that I could take every South Asian Studies course offered at Duke this semester, and not even overload my schedule. President Brodhead, your initiatives regarding Duke’s image abroad are admirable. However, Duke’s international curriculum is embarrassing, and it raises doubts on how Duke can train leaders for tomorrow yet not provide them with the understanding of international dynamics they will need for the interconnected global world which lies ahead of them. Vivek Upadhyay President of external affairs, Duke Diya Trinity ’10

The staredown

“I

have this irrational fear of saying ‘hi’ to people on campus when I’m not sure that they recognize me. It’s really stressful. I’m seeking therapy.” —D, Trinity ’12 I know what you’re thinking. “Holy diver, Kousha! Not another one of those ‘hey, look. people are awkward’ columns. I’m just coming off of a great Halloween and you’re killing my buzz.” First of all, if you’re still feeling a buzz from Halloween, please seek medical help. And don’t fear: I want to talk about where this stigma of interaction comes from, and why it isn’t actually as big of a deal as we make it seem. Imagine this: you’re sitting on the C-2 when you see-one old acquaintance (get it??). Except you only know them from freshman year when you studied together for an Econ 51 test. You’re afraid of getting kousha navidar into a forced and pointless conversation. Or worse, you’ll make holy diver eye contact, and you’ll receive a gut-wrenching stare of disgust from him, the others around him, the bus driver, and you’ll get a permanent mark on your transcript labeling you as a social invalid (it shows up right next to the Pratt insignia). Fearing this rejection, you bury your face in an issue of The Chronicle (these situations are why most kids take copies of The Chronicle in the first place). You choose to avoid attention. Now imagine this: you’re on the C-2 on Halloween night wearing a homemade costume: You are the boy from “Where the Wild Things Are” and I... I mean you... spent three days and $20 making it. (You also may have forced your residents to eat a box of popsicles because they provided the sticks used to make claws for your costume and it could count as a resident assistant program). You see the same acquaintance from Econ class. You are on cloud nine because you think you have the best costume, and he’s feeling great because he’s a little tipsy. You both make eye contact, and the conversation goes like this: You: “Hi.” Him: “Hi. Nice costume.” You: “Thanks.” What’s the difference between these two scenarios? First, on Halloween night you were both a little more confident (he was just plain drunk while you were drunk off of how well you resembled a 10-year-old movie character). Secondly, on regular days you expected that there had to be a forced conversation; on Halloween night, you were fine with a simple greeting. The night is a success! It would seem that the solution to our lack of communication would be to develop self-confidence. While I completely agree with this idea, my simply telling you to be more confident isn’t going to make it happen. So instead, let’s talk about where our inhibitions come from. It definitely starts as a function of our cramped situation on campus. There is no escape: we live, eat, work and shower with the same people (especially shower). Our awkward experiences are bound to abound. As a result, it’s possible to live in two extremes where someone feels obligated to talk to everyone and yet fears being rejected by anyone. A lot of the conversations we hear on the C-1 aren’t really fruitful in the first place. Instead of feeling the urge to tell everyone what we did last weekend, maybe we should understand that not everyone always feels like talking. If we seek others only to fulfill some quota of gratification, it’s possible that we’re making too big a deal of retelling the same story to everyone we know and every other bystander who is forced to listen. Sometimes people just like to keep to themselves. On the other extreme, sometimes a simple “hi” is enough to alleviate our fear of rejection. If you’re on the C-2 and you’re afraid of not having anything to talk about with the acquaintance, just try saying “hi” and leaving it at that. In fact, the next time you’re on the bus, turn to the person sitting next to you and just say “hi.” Bus rides would become infinitely more enjoyable for everyone if we felt comfortable enough to exchange hello’s with the person we’re wedged against at 8:15 in the morning. D’s uncertainty about interacting with others helps us find a way to alleviate what is undue stress. If you need a strategy for approaching these situations, here’s one: Stare people down. If they make eye contact, smile and say hi. If they say nothing, go back to your Chronicle. And feel ok knowing that it’s no big deal. Life goes on. Constant recognition from others is not what builds the quality of your character. But you know who is always there for you to say hi to? Me. Because I’ll be at the bus stop every Thursday from 1 to 2:30 p.m., ready to talk. And I promise I won’t pretend like I don’t know you. Kousha Navidar is a Trinity senior. His column runs every other Tuesday.


16 | TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 2009 the chronicle

November 4 - November 10

Arts

Screen Society

DUKE

arts.duke.edu

Duke Arts Weekend Duke Arts Weekend, a special event focused on the student arts community, will feature an exhibition of over 200 pieces of student artwork; performances by Duke Jazz Ensemble, Duke Chamber Orchestra, Sabrosura, and student bands; a free student/ alumni dinner; panels with alumni working in the business and creative side of the arts; a Picassoinspired exhibition of elementary school student art; a special pre-weekend performance by Def Jam poet Daniel Beaty and more.

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November 6 – 7 Begins 2pm Friday, 10am Saturday Bryan Student Center Free. Registration required for some events: arts.duke.edu

Events Wednesday, November 4 MUSIC. Jazz @ the Mary Lou with Professor John Brown and his house band. 9:30pm. Mary Lou Williams Center for Black Culture. Free. Thursday, November 5 THEATER. Through the Night. A one-man play by Def Jam poet and Obie Award-winning actor/ playwright Daniel Beaty explores black stereotypes through the eyes of six black males. Contains adult content. 7pm. Reynolds Theater. Free. FILM. (500) Days of Summer. 7pm and 9:30pm. Griffith Theater. $0 - $2. TALK. Dunya Mikhail, Iraqi poet. 8pm. Von Cannon. Free. MUSIC. Guest Recital. Sheila Browne, viola and Allison Gagnon, piano. Works by Vivaldi, Beethoven, Bloch and Jongen. 8 pm. Nelson Music Room. Free.

MUSIC. Troika Music Festival. Featuring Future Islands, Ear PWR, The ExMonkeys, Molly Bancroft. 9:15pm – late. Duke Coffeehouse. $8 night; $20 festival pass. Friday, November 6 MUSIC/TALK. Anahid Kassabian. (University of Liverpool) “Affect, Thought Experiments, and Sound and Music in Audiovisual Media.” 4pm. Room 101 Biddle Music Building. Free. MUSIC. Chamber music master class. With Jaime Laredo, violin & Sharon Robinson, cello. 5pm. Nelson Music Room, East Duke Building. Free. Presented in association with Duke Performances.

Saturday, November 7 • 8 pm | Reynolds

11/9 Chevolution 2008, Mexico, Luis Lopez & Trisha Ziff. Latin American Film Festival -- Discussion to follow!

fvd.aas.duke.edu/screensociety/schedule.php

MUSIC. Duke New Music Ensemble [dnme]. “The Eternal Interlock,” featuring Louis Andriessen’s Hoketus and works by Andrew Cole and others. 8pm. Bone Hall, Biddle Music Building. Free. MUSIC. Troika Music Festival. Featuring Birds of Avalon, I Was Totally Destroying It, The Pneurotics, The Ringing Cedars. 9:30pm – late. Duke Coffeehouse. $8 night; $20 festival pass. FILM. Hedwig and the Angry Inch. 11:59pm. Griffith Theater. Free. Saturday, November 7 FILM. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince. 7pm and 10pm. Griffith Theater. $1 - $3.

FILM. (500) Days of Summer. 7pm and 9:30 pm. Griffith Theater. $0 - $2.

Sunday, November 8 FILM. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince. 2pm. Grif-

kalichstein-laredo-robinson trio

miami string quartet & kaLichstein-Laredo-roBinson trio

11/5 Life Begins Tomorrow (Nasher) 1949, France, Nicole Védrès. Picasso Film Series.

MUSIC. Troika Music Festival. Lonnie Walker, Schooner, Veelee, D-Town Brass. 9:30pm – late. Duke Coffeehouse. $8 night; $20 festival pass.

in durham, at duke, the modern comes home.

Lunchtime cLassics: Beethoven Tuesday, November 3 • 12 pm | Rare Book Room

11/4 Born Into Brothels 2004, USA, Zana Briski & Ross Kaufman. AMES Presents Documentaries.

MUSIC. Once and Future Kings with Panda Force. 5pm. Armadillo Grill. Free.

Duke Performances

ciompi quartet

All events are free and open to the general public. Unless otherwise noted, screenings are at 7pm in the Griffith Film Theater, Bryan Center. (“Nasher” = Nasher Museum Auditorium)

duke student tickets always $5

for tickets & info 919-684-4444 dukeperformances.org


November 3, 2009 issue