The Chronicle T h e i n d e p e n d e n t d a i ly at D u k e U n i v e r s i t y
Wednesday, October 7, 2009
ONE HUNDRED AND FIFTH YEAR, Issue 32
BOT briefed on cost-cutting measures Fin. report Board OKs 50-year carbon neutrality plan, supports Keohane ‘K4’ study reveals toll of recession by Emmeline Zhao The chronicle
The Board of Trustees met this weekend to hear updates on the University’s financial situation and learn about efforts to improve campus. At their first meeting of the academic year, Board members heard from the Duke University Man-
agement Company about the University’s investments and strategies going forward. The Trustees also approved the Duke Administrative Reform Team’s work to curb spending through administrative cuts and operational reductions. Given the current economic situation, the Board is confident in DUMAC’s performance, said Chair and Democratic state Sen. Dan Blue, Law ’73. “You look at the financial indicators weekly, daily, monthly and how they show that there is some financial recovery, but we’re
not out of the woods on this,” Blue said. DUMAC’s presentation to the Trustees confirmed the University’s need to cut $125 million from its budget over three years, Blue said. Despite the endowment’s 24.3 percent investment loss in the last fiscal year, Blue cited the endowment’s 10 percent average annual return over the last ten years as a sign of strong long-term performance. He added that DUMAC projects the endowment’s See Trustees on page 15
Election 26 DUKE VA. TECH 34 sees low Hokies air out Blue Devils turnout by Julius Jones The chronicle
Dismal turnout characterized Durham’s 2009 municipal primary elections Tuesday with only 4.3 percent of registered voters casting their ballots. The vote narrowed down the three city council candidates for Ward 1 and five candidates for Ward 2 to two in each race. Each pair of candidates will face off in the general election Nov. 3. Mayor Pro Tempore Cora ColeMcFadden, who represents Ward 1 on the council, and 21-year-old Donald Hughes will face off in the general election after receiving 69.3 percent and 17.6 percent of the vote, respectively, according to preliminary results compiled by the Durham County Board of Elections. Ward 2 City Council Member Howard Clement received 60.1 percent of the vote in Tuesday’s primary and will face political newcomer Matt Drew, a Libertarian, who finished second with 12.5 percent of the vote. “It’s pathetic,” said City Council Member Eugene Brown describing the low turnout and noting that there were only two races on the ballot. “One answer is that people are satisfied with the status quo and they expect the incumbents to win again.” At the George Watts Montessori Magnet School polling station, voter participation as of 3:30 p.m. had reached 50 out of 2,936 active registered voters in the precinct, which includes East Campus. Audrey Mitchell, who has been See election on page 14
michael naclerio/The Chronicle
Freshman wide receiver Conner Vernon lost the ball, and nearly his helmet, in Duke’s eight-point defeat against No. 6 Virginia Tech Saturday. The loss was the Blue Devils’ eighth straight in the series. SEE STORIES PAGE 10-11.
Endowments, other investments lose big by Zachary Tracer The chronicle
Ending six straight years of rapid growth, the University’s investments dropped sharply in the past fiscal year, according to Duke’s most recent finannews cial statement, presented to the Board analysis of Trustees Friday. Although the contours of the endowment’s 27.5-percent drop and the University’s efforts to cut $125 million from the budget have been known for several months, the 2008-2009 Financial Statements provide the clearest picture to date of the recession’s effects on Duke’s financial situation. According to the unreleased document obtained by The Chronicle, which covers the period from July 1, 2008 to June 30, 2009, the University’s net assets decreased 29.1 percent from more than $8.6 billion to more than $6.1 billion, largely because of investment losses. The statement will be released publicly online in about a week. The statement reported that the endowment and other investments provided 18 percent of the University’s $1.91 billion in revenue, or income, in the 2009 fiscal year—about the same proportion as tuition and fees. Just under half of Duke’s revenue came from grants and contracts, and another 5 percent was provided by donations. See endowment on page 4
Sanford reaches goal with trustee’s $3M gift by Emmeline Zhao The chronicle
David Rubenstein, Trinity ’70 and a member of the Board of Trustees, pledged last week to donate $3 million to the Sanford School of Public Policy, pushing the school past its $40 million fundraising goal, President Richard Brodhead confirmed Sunday. The school, which transitioned from an institute to a school July 1, was more than $2 million short of its October benchmark goal two weeks ago. Rubenstein’s donation came in time for Sanford’s inaugural weekend and just after his $10 million gift to the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts in New York City last week. “It wasn’t clear that we would be able to [reach
“There are no moral victories at Duke, regardless of what anybody’s opinion is.”
—Head coach David Cutcliffe on keeping the score close Saturday. See story page 10.
the fundraising goal,] but at the end, there was a spurt,” Brodhead said. “Rubenstein has been a very strong supporter in the past, and has already made a contribution in the past, but made this extra one to bring us to the finish line.” Rubenstein, who was a student at Sanford, was ranked 123rd in Forbes’ list of the 400 wealthiest Americans of 2009, published Sept. 30. The magazine estimates Rubenstein’s net worth at $2.5 billion. Rubenstein is the co-founder of The Carlyle Group, a global private equity firm, and is also Sanford’s single largest benefactor. He is the namesake for Rubenstein Hall, Sanford’s sister building on Towerview Drive—which he funded—and has made numerous other
donations to the school. Despite reaching its $40 million goal this month, Sanford will continue to raise money toward its final goal of $65 million—the number University administrators originally set as Sanford’s threshold for becoming a school, Sanford Dean Bruce Kuniholm said. Money raised so far will fund new professors, speakers and internships, among other positions and programs, Kuniholm added. “Our priorities have been financial aid, internships and endowment to support faculty,” he said. “We have a strategic vision, but it’s all oriented toward transforming student lives and all the things we raise money for contribute to that goal.”
Global Business Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas CEO emphasizes the importance of going global in the recovering economy, PAGE 3
Duke upsets No. 2 Terrapins, Page 9
2 | wednesDAY, october 7, 2009 the chronicle
Details emerge in Green Zone
New student detainment in Obama holds bipartisan Venezula elicits controversy CARACAS, Venezuela — President meeting on Afghanistan Hugo Chavez’s government says Julio WASHINGTON — Congressional leaders left a rare bipartisan meeting with President Obama Tuesday divided over what strategy the administration should adopt to fight an increasingly unpopular war in Afghanistan and how quickly it must do so to protect U.S. forces already on the ground. Obama called congressional leaders to the White House at a key moment in his Afghanistan policy review, which will determine whether the United States pushes deeper into a war that military officials have warned will probably be won or lost over the next 12 months. Congress must approve the resources to carry out the recommendation that Gen. Stanley McChrystal proposed, which favors a broad expansion of the battefield effort on and a push to build a stable government.
I say luck is when an opportunity comes along and you’re prepared for it. — Denzel Washington
Cesar Rivas is a violent militant intent on fomenting civil war. Rivas’ supporters say the 22-year-old university student is just one of many Venezuelans jailed for challenging a populist government that they contend is increasingly intolerant of dissent. As the Chavez government approaches 11 years in power, many of its most prominent opponents are in exile in foreign countries or under criminal investigation here. But human rights and legal policy groups say that even more worrisome is the growing number of government foes in jail for what they allege are politically motivated reasons. There are more than 40 political prisoners in Venezuela, and 2,000 Chavez opponents are under investigation, the groups and human rights lawyers say.
TODAY IN HISTORY 1765: Stamp Act Congress convenes in New York.
BAGHDAD — In a dramatic illustration of shifting authority in the Green Zone, once an American preserve here, Iraqi soldiers confronted a security detail contracted by the U.S. government, detained four of the guards and beat them in a standoff that lasted at least two hours, according to Iraqi officials, the company and the U.S. Embassy. The U.S. military negotiated their release several hours later, the U.S. Embassy said, and four men were flown out of Iraq, fearing charges might be filed against them. Philip Frayne, an embassy spokesman, confirmed that an incident occurred at one of the fortified entrances to the Green Zone but said no American diplomats were in the convoy. “Information is still in the process of being gathered and evaluated,” he said. Douglas Ebner, a spokesman for DynCorp International, based in Falls Church, Va., said the men involved in the Sept. 28 incident were employed by the company.
Online Excerpt “And less than two years later, The Real World is back in the Triangle. The production company behind the show, Bunim/Murray, will be casting for its 24th season Saturday, Oct. 17 from 11 a.m. to 6 p.m. at the Raleigh Pantana Bob’s at 3025 Hillsborough St. Applicants must be between the ages of 18 and 24, and, according to the press release, the production company is looking for....” — From The Playground playground.chronicleblogs.com
SARAH L. VOISIN/ThE WASHINGTON POST
Anti-war protesters learn how to chain themselves together in the lobby of a convention hall while preparing for a demonstration at the White House today in honor of the eighth anniversary of the war in Afganistan. Over the weekend, organizers came from 27 states to meet, organize and finalize plans for the protest, which they said is a step forward for the anti-war movement.
Oct 12-14, 2009
The following events are geared to help under graduates navigate the world of fellowships and learn more about professional opportunities as well as academic. These workshops are part of Fellowship Week and are co-sponsored by the Office of Undergraduate Scholars and Fellows, the Writing Studio and the Career Center.
An Introduction of Professional Work Fellowships Monday, Oct. 12 @ 7-8pm 130 Social Psychology
Write a Winning Personal Statement for Fellowship Applications Thursday, Oct. 13 @ 7-8pm The Breedlove Room, Perkins Library
Study Fellowships: Post-graduate operations for scholarship and study-related fellowships Wednesday, Oct. 14 @ 7-8pm 136 Social Sciences
FOR MORE INFO: If you have any questions regarding Fellowship Week please reply or contact:
wednesDAY, october 7, 2009 | 3
Dallas Fed CEO focuses on global biz
Q &A with Ryan Todd Last month, students voted to eliminate Duke Student Government’s vice president for the Inter-Community Council. In lieu of the DSG-specific position, senior Amanda Turner was selected to serve as special secretary to the Young Trustee process—a position independent of DSG and ICC to reform the Young Trustee selection process. Ryan Todd, Trinity ’08, was selected to serve as Young Trustee in 2008. Last weekend he participated in his second meeting as a voting member of the Board of Trustees. The Chronicle’s Joanna Lichter sat down with Todd to discuss ICC’s role in the process and the newly created special secretary position. The Chronicle: Do you think the Young Trustee selection process needs reform? Ryan Todd: The process is not perfect. When I was a sophomore, the president of DSG [Jesse Longoria, Pratt ’06] brought a great deal of reform to the Young Trustee selection process, and the changes he brought were for the better. The process, however, still greatly favors people who have been involved in DSG for a long time because they have experience. Equally, if they’ve done a belowaverage job it would also hurt their chances of getting the Young Trustee position. TC: Do you need prior experience to become a Young Trustee? RT: One of the major misconceptions is that you have to be on one of the big spots on campus—either the vice president, president, editor of The Chronicle, etc. While any undergraduate position might help prepare you for your job on the board, it is by no means a prerequisite. The only skills you need are a working knowledge of the University and an ability to be a critical thinker. TC: What is the role of the Young Trustee?
by Jingwen Hu The chronicle
fects the undergraduate body. TC: Do you think the ICC’s independence from DSG is a positive change? RT: The ICC presents problems. It was initially created to deal with the PalestineIsraeli conflict a few years ago, when a speech was to be given on campus and several protests and counter protests erupted. It was initiated as a sounding board so groups could come together. It presents interesting problems be-
One year after the global financial crisis wrecked Wall Street, alumni and students crowded Fleishman Commons to hear an insider’s account of the collapse. Cokie Roberts, news analyst for ABC news and NPR, led the question-and-answer session featuring Richard Fisher, chief executive officer of the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas. The presentation, titled “The New Global Economy,” was part of the Terry Sanford Distinguished Lectures series, which celebrates the inauguration of the Sanford School of Public Policy. Fisher cited Washington Irving’s “The Great Mississippi Bubble” and compared the 1719 Mississippi River speculations to recent risky financial derivative trades. Fisher said factors that led to the Mississippi Bubble’s burst—like greed, irrational fear and shortsightedness—also led to the housing bubble’s burst and subsequent financial disaster. “We abused capitalism…. It’s our duty to make sure it doesn’t happen [again,]” Fisher said. Fisher noted that there is no easy way to reform and regulate financial institutions, but he remained optimistic about the Federal Reserve’s work. Fisher said he believes the Fed intervened in time to prevent the recession from worsening further.
See todd on page 5
See economy on page 14
Chronicle file photo
Young Trustee Ryan Todd, Trinity ’08, said the Young Trustee selection process is not perfect because it still heavily favors people who have been involved with the Duke Student Government. RT: The Young Trustee’s role and duty are the same as those of a senior trustee—to serve Duke and vote in its best interest. We also take part in managing the budget and managing finances. Some people think that the Young Trustee should be a student advocate on the Board, but I don’t think that’s the case. The Young Trustee should be an expert on the undergraduate experience and all the issues that pertain to student life and the student body. It is the Young Trustee’s role to lay down the red flag if we think the Board is overlooking something that af-
DISTRIBUTION For all sophomores
seniors Open Jam Session and Musician Mixer Thursday, October 8th 2009 @ the Coffeehouse
9pm - Midnight Play guitar? Keyboard? Bass? Drums? Can you sing? Then come out to the Duke Coffeehouse to meet and play with other like-minded musicians. Amplifiers/microphones will be provided but not individual instruments. Spectators and non-musicians are welcome.
In the Yearbook Office, located on the 2nd floor of the Bryan Center between McDonalds and the Post Office 3-7 for FREE.
Wednesday October 7 Friday October 9
4 | wednesDAY, october 7, 2009 the chronicle
While revenue from investments and contributions declined, income from grants and contracts as well as tuition and fees rose slightly from their 2008 levels. “The biggest problem obviously is the decline in assets,” said Executive Vice President Tallman Trask, the University’s chief financial officer. “Assets in one form or another generate income to the operating budget.” Long-term pool dive Perhaps the most-watched facet of University finances is endowment values. And Duke’s endowment, like the endowments of many other toptier universities, declined sharply in the past year, as did the other pools of money controlled by the Duke University Management Company. DUMAC is a private firm that has handled Duke’s investments since 1990. The endowment’s value fell 27.5 percent, from just over $6.1 billion to more than $4.4 billion, during the 2009 fiscal year as a result of spending and a 24.3-percent investment loss. These figures take into account about $500 million in investments that function as part of the Duke endowment but are held by other entities, mostly the philanthropic Charlotte-based Duke Endowment. “Looking at the current economic climate, we feel confident in the manner in which DUMAC is managing, investing the University’s resources,” said Board of Trustees Chair and Democratic state Sen. Dan Blue, Law ’73. “We don’t expect there to be miracles.” Duke spends part of the endowment each year to fund operating expenses. The amount of the endowment that the University can spend is determined based on the average value of the endowment over the past three years, so spending changes lag behind the endowment’s performance.
After endowment spending rose to $250 million in fiscal year 2009, it is projected to fall in the current fiscal year and at least through 2012, Vice President for Finance Hof Milam said. Duke’s endowment drop in 2009 is similar to losses suffered by several other universities with large endowments. But it is much larger than the median loss of 17 percent reported in the same period by endowments with assets of more than $1 billion, according to the Wilshire Trust Universe Comparison Service —an index compiled by the investment consulting and services firm Wilshire Associates. In fiscal year 2009, Harvard University’s endowment fell 27.3 percent to $26 billion, the Harvard Management Company reported in its endowment report, and Yale University’s endowment fell about 30 percent, the New York Times reported Sept. 10. Duke, however, has posted better long-term returns than almost any other university, said Michael Schoenfeld, vice president for public affairs and government relations. The University’s endowment rose an average of 10.1 percent a year for the decade ending June 30, 2009, besting Harvard’s 8.9 percent average annual gains in the same period. Michael Brandt, professor of finance and finance area coordinator, said Duke’s high long-term returns are due in part to the riskier strategies DUMAC managers have pursued. “Typically, higher expected returns are associated with higher expected risk,” he said. “There’s a premium that Duke earned from having taken a little more risk.” Duke’s investment losses are not limited to the endowment. The long-term pool of investments managed by DUMAC—which Milam said includes about $1 billion of hospital assets and $1.1 billion of school reserves as of June 30, 2009, as well as the endowment—had fallen 26.3 percent to $5.97 billion. “It’s the long-term pool hit
that really has the greatest impact on revenue,” Milam said. Duke’s pension plan investments are also managed by DUMAC, but separately from the long-term pool, Trask wrote in an e-mail. The pension plan’s assets dropped 27.4 percent in the 2009 fiscal year, to $946 million, as a result of $327 million in investment losses as well as pension payments for retired University employees. Trask said the plan is still overfunded by $235 million, taking into account about $18 million in costs associated with the early retirement of 295 employees as of Aug. 31. Taking risks, making money As Duke’s investments declined during the 2009 fiscal year, the proportions in different kinds of investments, such as hedge funds, bonds and stocks, changed considerably. These changes have generally reduced the risk of further investment loss and increased the availability of cash, or liquidity. Trask said the investments in the long-term pool have become more liquid than they were 10 months ago when Duke borrowed $500 million to increase its available cash. “Historically, the endowment world was not too concerned with the year-to-year liquidity,” said Brandt, whose research interests include asset allocation and risk management. “This whole operational liquidity issue is something that needs to be rethought and taken into account.” Trask said Duke has also increased its liquidity by shifting some investments into bonds and government securities. Duke’s investments in bonds almost quadrupled in 2009 from $110 million to $430 million. In addition, Duke put $124 million in U.S. government securities, or debt, after carrying no such debt since 2005. Bonds and securities composed 9 percent of Duke’s 2009 portfolio, after making up just 1 percent a year earlier. These assets, known as fixed income investments, are
Study Abroad for Engineers Tues., Oct. 13, 7 p.m. 203 Teer Engineering Hosted by the Pratt School of Engineering & the Office of Study Abroad
Source: Duke university
Graphic by Hon Lung Chu/The Chronicle
often less risky than Duke’s other investments, Brandt said. Diane Vazza, managing director of global fixed income research at Standard and Poor’s, said Duke’s shift into bonds was a smart move, so long as the University has bought mostly highly rated bonds, also known as investment-grade bonds. Higher bond ratings indicate that the company issuing the bonds is more likely to be able to repay its debt. “There are some very good, solid, investment-grade corporate credits, so that would be a good mix in your asset allocation,” she said. Duke releases little information about the types of bonds it owns, but Trask said the University owns mostly highly rated bonds. He added, however, that 1 percent of bonds in Duke’s portfolio have a “C” rating, which indicates a high risk the companies that issued the bonds will not be able to repay them. The biggest drop in the portfolio was in hedged strategies, which declined from 44 percent of an $8.1
Questions? Call 660-5386
endowment from page 1
billion portfolio to 31 percent of a $5.97 billion pot in fiscal year 2009. Real estate and private investments each occupied about the same proportions of the portfolio in 2009 as in 2008. Brandt said based on information in the financial statement alone, it is difficult to fully assess DUMAC’s investment choices or level of risk. “In order to truly [determine the level of risk], you’d need to talk to them or see that kind of calculation,” he said. “It’s hard to second guess them on the basis of their asset allocation.” An executive assistant at DUMAC said officials declined to comment. Trask said DUMAC will sell some of its bonds and move into other investments when managers think the time is right. He said the lower returns generated by bonds and securities are preferable in the short term to other investments, which may continue to lose value. “I don’t think you’re going to see them jumping after a lot of illiquid investments any time soon,” he added.
Student Incentive Awards in Science Education
up to $1500 The Duke Center for Science Education is offering funds for student projects that focus on science education research, curriculum development, or outreach activities at the K-16 level. Award winners will present a poster describing their project at Visible Thinking Day in April 2010. Winners will also be eligible to apply for a Student Impact Award ($100) in the Spring in recognition of the impact of their project on the K -16 community.
To apply online, go to www.scied.duke.edu
Application Deadline: October 12, 2009
wednesDAY, october 7, 2009 | 5
Nuerosurgeon backs medical cost cuts by Trent Chiang The chronicle
Gail Rosseau, chief of surgery at the Neurologic and Orthopedic Hospital of Chicago, spoke as part of the Terry Sanford Distinguished Lectures series, which celebrates the inauguration of the Sanford School of Public Policy. Rosseau, a major supporter of President Barrack Obama’s 2008 election campaign, was also considered for the post of Surgeon General, The Chicago Tribune reported last December. “[Rosseau is] one of the only handful of women doctors in the demanding field of neurosurgery,” Sanford Dean Bruce Kuniholm said. John Harwood, Trinity ’78, chief Washington correspondent for CNBC, interviewed Rosseau in the event Saturday. “American medicine is among the best in the world, while the American system of health care delivery is one of the worst.” Rosseau said. As an example, Rosseau told the story of a woman who made an appointment for neurosurgery but later canceled because the employer determined that it was not a work-related injury. “The surgeon recommended further physical therapy and aspirin,” Rosseau said. The incident reflects the “absurdity of our system,” Rosseau said, adding that the U.S. must establish a new national order to reduce errors and paperwork, increase access and control costs. “We’ll do it because it’s honest and fair to give all men and women their best chance in life” Rosseau said, quoting Terry Sanford, the new school’s namesake and the former Duke president.
nathan pham/The Chronicle
John Harwood (right), chief Washington correspondent for CNBC, interviews neurosurgeon Gail Rosseau (left) on health care reform Saturday. Rosseau pushed for reducing medical costs and increasing medical literacy in the U.S. To control the increased spending due to reform, Rosseau called for the establishment of a federal reserve board for health care cost. “The pressures of special interest groups are too strong for commoners to resist,” Rosseau said. “It may be time to consider an autonomous agency.” Aside from health insurance, Rosseau emphasized the need for greater medical literacy throughout the health care system. As a long-term goal, Rosseau said she expects to see a student health advocacy group which will increase young people’s literacy of health issues. Students will know the normal ranges for blood pressures, become trained in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and pass a physical
test, she said. Regarding the issue of “death panels,” Rosseau recommended people discuss and document their end-of-life choices with government agencies in case they ever need to be put on life support. Rosseau also said she is in favor of some elements of a single-payer system. She said U.S health care reform should involve a “formula that has the competitiveness and streamlining of the inefficient and expensive paperwork.” Despite the complexity of the effort to reform health care, Rosseau rephrased a quote from former President Theodore Roosevelt to distill her thoughts on the issue. “Health care reform for America is work worth doing,” Rosseau said.
todd from page 3 cause the student organizations have a bit of a zero-sum game. They are all trying to exert influence over information and it seems the only way the ICC can get power is if an organization carved out some of its own power and gave it to the ICC. This is exactly what DSG [has done]. But even so, the ICC never obtained much leveraging power. TC: Do you think the members of ICC present an appropriate representation of the interests of the student body? RT: The ICC is not a democratically elected body—the only members that are democratically elected are DSG representatives. The more passive thought is that giving more power to the ICC is a solution to its problems, however it might not be because it is not democratically elected. Although it may be the most [physically] diverse body on campus, it does not adequately represent the interests of the student body. TC: Do you think that the forums next week are a positive way to engage the student body in the Young Trustee selection process? RT: I think that having an open house discussion is a good idea so that we can contact the student body and see what they’re thinking. It will be interesting to see what the student body thinks can be done differently in the process. I suspect any qualms the student body has with the student government procedures will be with the Senate and ICC selecting the Young Trustee. I don’t know if people are familiar with the application and the selection process, so I am not sure if an excellent critique or selection is really possible.
Coming up at the Franklin Humanities Institute Wednesday, October 7
Wednesdays at the Cente r: Facts and Myths of the Glo balization Debate: Implications for India, Ch ina, and the US
Vivek Wadhwa, Senior Res earch Associate, Harvard Law ; Executive in Residence, Pratt School of Engineering
Presented with the Center for South Asian Studies
240 Franklin Center
Mobilitas Animi: Improvis ing Intention and Indeterminacy George Lewis, Columbia Uni versity
Presented by Innovating Form s, the 2009-10 FHI Annual Sem inar PM,
Mary Lou Williams Center
A Por Por Funeral for Ashir ifie (dir. S. Feld, 2009) Film Screening: PM,
Co-sponsored by Innovating Forms Seminar*
240 Franklin Center
Monday, October 12
Excerpts from Memory E
Stanley Cavell, Harvard Uni S versity
Inaugural lecture of the Cen ter for Philosophy, A Arts, and Literature
Nasher Museum of Art
Tuesday, October 13
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6 | wednesDAY, october 7, 2009 the chronicle
Letter on Tailgate Interfraternity Council Office of Fraternity & Sorority Life Duke University 07 Bryan Center Durham, NC 27708-0840
Members of the Duke University Community: As the leaders of Duke’s fraternity system, we would like to recognize and take responsibility for some of the reckless and inconsiderate behavior exhibited at Tailgate on September 26. This is unacceptable. Fraternities serve as a driving force behind much of Tailgate, and others often follow our lead and act irresponsibly. As such, it is important that we take the necessary steps to hold our members accountable for their conduct. From this point forward, each participating chapter will be appointing three of its members to serve as trained “Party Monitors” for Tailgate. All members of the IFC and its memberorganizations must adhere to the entirety of the Tailgate policy as set forth by Duke Student Government. Chapters participating in Tailgate will be placed into groups and held responsible for each other’s behavior. In addition to DSG and University levied sanctions, any group found in violation of one or more Tailgate policies will be subject to immediate disciplinary action from IFC. Sanctions include, but are not limited to, monetary fines, community service, and recruitment restrictions. We hereby grant the IFC Executive Board with full authority to execute this policy. Tailgate is an important part of the Duke Football experience, and we hope these actions will make the experience more positive for all participants. Please support our efforts to curb can throwing and standing on vehicles, as well as to help keep the Blue Zone clean. At the same time, we also strive to be campus leaders in support of our athletic teams and thus expect our members to attend football games to display our support for Duke. We challenge other organizations to hold their members responsible, implement similar changes, and strive for these goals. Respectfully, Eric Kaufman – President, Interfraternity Council Sam Klein – President, Alpha Epsilon Pi Adam DeWolf – President, Alpha Tau Omega Thomas Grothe – President, Chi Psi Jason Jennings, President, Delta Kappa Epsilon Ashray Maniar – President, Delta Sigma Phi Steven McAlpine – President, Delta Tau Delta Jay Royston – President, Kappa Alpha Order
David Levine – President, Phi Delta Theta Dan Koslow – President, Pi Kappa Alpha Michael Pelehach – President, Pi Kappa Phi Saxby Stradinger – President, Sigma Alpha Epsilon Andrew Bevan – President, Sigma Chi Sam Payne – President, Sigma Nu Kevin Lincoln – President, Sigma Phi Epsilon
dianna liu/THE CHRONICLE
october 7, 2009
AWKWARD TURTLES FOOTBALL: DUKE HANGS TOUGH BUT FALLS TO HOKIES VOLLEYBALL: BLUE DEVILS WIN ACC PAIR • ONLINE: PHOTO SLIDESHOW FROM THE WEEKEND
8 | wednesDAY, october 7, 2009
Blue Devils remain undefeated in ACC play by Andy Margius The chronicle
Over the long weekend Duke managed to take down Virginia’s top two schools to extend its dominance over the ACC. The Blue Devils (15-2, 5-0 in the ACC) swept Virginia (6-10, 1-4) Friday night and followed up the performance with a comeback win over Virginia Tech (11-5, 1-4) Saturday at Cameron Indoor Stadium. In Friday’s match the Blue 0 UVA Devils used deDUKE 3 fense to take down the weaker Cava1 VT liers. Highlights the play DUKE 3 included of sophomore Kellie Catanach, who had an impressive 40 assists and seven kills, and freshman Christiana Gray, who contributed two blocks and nine kills of her own. The team managed to set a season high for digs in a three-set match with 58 and played exceptionally consistent ball. Saturday proved to be a slightly tougher match as the Hokies came out of the gate strong. Taking the first game and a commanding lead in the second, Virginia Tech looked to be in solid control of the match. However, things drastically changed when senior Rachael Moss stepped to the service line down 14-10. Going on a streak of six service points, including four aces, Moss managed to use her overpowering serve to rally the Blue Devils to a comeback win in the game. The momentum carried them and they took the following two sets with relative ease, extending the Blue Devils’ ACC winning streak to seven games dating back to last year. Head coach Jolene Nagel was pleased with her team’s resilience in its comeback win Saturday. “I was happy the way we made some adjustments after game one and started
robin mi/The Chronicle
Rachael Moss’s six straight points on her serve against Virginia Tech helped Duke rally back from a one-set deficit to defeat the Hokies and move to 5-0 in the ACC. to execute better,” Nagel said. “And I was pleased with the effort and team togetherness from everybody.” Junior Becci Burling, who also contributed with a great game Saturday highlighted by 13 kills, said the team just calmed down and came together to pull out the win. “We relaxed more as a team and really came together because when we play as a team we can really beat other teams…. All we really needed was to relax and be a little more
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named the ACC Player of the Week last week. The Blue Devils are turning to her strong senior leadership, and she is certainly not letting them down. Duke will play another jam-packed weekend at Cameron this Friday and Saturday as the Blue Devils take on Miami and Florida State, respectively. Saturday night will be an especially important match as the Seminoles are currently the secondbest team in the ACC.
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confident in ourselves and in our skills.” While the impressive play of the team allowed the Blue Devils to dominate this weekend, Moss’s play was especially noteworthy. She led the team in kills both Friday and Saturday night, racking up a total of 28 between the two games, and led the team with her four aces Saturday. The only returning All-ACC selection from a year ago, Moss added another accomplishment to her résumé by being
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Duke on song in shutout of Terrapins Friday
Blue Devils follow up marquee win versus Maryland with uninspired loss to Davidson by Dan Ahrens The chronicle
After freshman Ryan Finley scored the game’s first goal Friday against Maryland, the Blue Devil striker ran through a crowd of joyous teammates and began conducting the Duke marching band in celebration. The ensemble was more than happy to oblige, and provided the perfect soundtrack to a perfect night—one that saw senior Trae Harrison’s first career goal lift the Blue Devils (7-2, 2-2 in the ACC) over the defending national champions. Over 1,900 fans looked on at Koskinen Stadium as then-No. 14 Duke registered a 2-0 shutout over then-No. UMD 0 2 Maryland, proving DUKE 2 that the Blue Devils can play with anyone DUKE 1 in the country. “It’s a huge win 4 for us, beating the DAV defending national champions,” Kerr said. “We played an excellent game tonight. In the second half, we were phenomenal. The defense and [goalkeeper James] Belshaw were terrific. We did a great job of hitting them with the counterattack, and we should have scored two or three more goals in the second half.” Neither team mustered many legitimate scoring chances in the first half, as both sides struggled to link passes together. Perhaps the best chance for the Blue Devils came at about midway through the opening period on a Duke corner kick. The Terrapins (5-2-2, 2-2) failed to clear the ball properly, and a Duke shot from outside the box was deflected on goal. Maryland goalkeeper Zac MacMath never saw it, but the ball bounced off of his chest and was promptly cleared. It was clear from the outset, however, that the second half would be a different story. Both squads began the period at a torrid pace, and both keepers were tested early on. It took only six minutes for the Blue Devils to finally break the ice and push ahead.
Dianna liu/The Chronicle
Freshman Ryan Finley scored the biggest goal of his career in Duke’s 2-1 win over then-No. 2 Maryland Friday. After a save by Belshaw, Duke launched a quick counterattack on the left side of the field. The ball was played up to sophomore Christopher Tweed-Kent, who momentarily lost possession, but fought to win it back. He then played a beautiful through ball to Finley, who was streaking down the left wing. MacMath came out to stop his breakaway, but ended up blasting the ball off the freshman’s shin into the top corner of the net.
dianna liu/The Chronicle
Senior Trae Harrison’s first career goal sealed the Blue Devils’ 2-0 victory over Maryland Friday, giving Duke a much-needed boost in ACC play.
“We were plugging the whole game,” Finley said. “Whether it was a great strike or a lucky bounce, I think we’ll take it…. It’s definitely a lot easier when the midfielders and backs are finding you in the front, especially playing as the lone man up top.” In the second half especially, the Blue Devils played more cohesively than they have all season. The ball flowed seamlessly from the back to the front, where Duke was able to maintain possession long enough to
generate genuine chances. It all started with the defense, however, and following Finley’s goal Maryland lay siege to the Duke penalty area. En route to outshooting the Blue Devils 16-11, the Terrapins had three corner kicks and numerous long shots in a span of about 15 minutes, testing Belshaw and the Duke backs in the air. Time and time again, the Blue Devils were able to clear the danger. “Maryland is a team that never stops. They keep coming at you,” Kerr said. “The big thing for us was to win those defensive headers and to win those second balls coming down, and I think we did a great job of that.” Since Maryland was forced to commit so heavily to attack, the Blue Devils were able to generate several scoring chances. In the 74th minute, a header by senior Christian Ibeagha hit the crossbar. Not long after, sophomore Temi Molinar, who had a fantastic game off the bench, beat two Terrapins to earn a breakaway. MacMath foiled him, however, tipping the ball away and giving Duke a corner kick. On the ensuing set piece, Cole Grossman lofted the ball toward the far post, where Harrison was waiting to head it home—finally notching his first career score. “It’s been a long time coming…” Harrison said. “I’m not going to lie, I was feeling it. They actually left me open. I really knew they were in trouble then. I was really feeling that goal. I stuck with it the whole way through and got it in.” Harrison’s goal broke Maryland’s morale, and Duke coasted the rest of the way. “I’ve had a lot of chances, a lot of neargoals,” he said. “It really feels good to get one, especially against Maryland. I’m on a high right now.” He’s not the only one. In the most recent poll, Duke has leapt to No. 9 in the nation and is in position to earn a high seed in the NCAA tournament. With more virtuoso performances like this one, Finley and the rest of the Blue Devils could keep making sweet music deep into the postseason.
10 | wednesDAY, october 7, 2009
Blue Devils’ best effort Saturday falls just short by Harrison Comfort The chronicle
PHOTOS BY MICHAEL NACLERIO AND MELLISA YEO/THE CHRONICLE
When Duke traveled to Blacksburg, Va. last season to take on Virginia Tech, the Blue Devils raised eyebrows when they narrowly fell to the reigning ACC champions. And even though head coach David Cutcliffe’s team has made significant strides since that game, the No. 6 Hokies arrived in Durham with an entourage in the thousands anticipating an easy victory at Wallace Wade Stadium. Cutcliffe’s squad, however, had very different expectations of the matchup. Even against one of the top teams in the nation, the Blue Devils knew they could be competitive—and as it turned out, they were right. On Saturday, Virginia Tech barely edged Duke 34-26 in the Blue Devils’ first conference game of the season. Just like in last fall’s contest, the Blue Devils (2-3, 0-1 in the ACC) managed to stay in the game for its duration before eventually falling to the heavily favored Hokies (4-1, 2-0). “I am really proud of the effort,” Cutcliffe said. “I thought the staff did a really fine job preparing our team. We had good plans on both sides of the ball. It’s pretty amazing our guys played as inspired as they did for 60 minutes. To be able to do that despite the opposing team having more fans than you got is pretty impressive.” The Blue Devils jumped out to an early 7-0 lead when quarterback Thaddeus Lewis connected with a wide-open Brandon King for a 48-yard touchdown with 2:48 remaining in the first quarter. Duke featured a strong aerial attack throughout Saturday’s game as Lewis threw for 359 yards and two touchdowns on 22-of-40 passing. Virginia Tech quickly responded as Hokie quarterback Tyrod Taylor lofted a 36-yard touchdown pass to receiver Danny Coale nearly two minutes later. With 6:04 remaining in the second quarter, Taylor, who also had over 300 yards passing, threw for his second touchdown on a 28-yard strike to Jarrett Boykin, who killed the Blue Devils’ secondary all game with 144 yards receiving on six receptions. After the Hokies added a field goal to increase their lead to 17-7, Duke placekicker Will
Snyderwine knocked the first of his four field goals through the uprights to cut the lead to 17-10 at halftime. Unfortunately for the Blue Devils, they could never overcome the deficit. “I’m definitely proud of those guys,” Lewis said of his teammates. “They never quit. They kept playing and that’s what you want to see out of a football game. It makes you feel good to be able to trust that guy next to you when you’re in battle.” Throughout the second half, Duke stayed in the game largely through Snyderwine, who was the first Blue Devil to nail four field goals since Sims Lendhardt in 1999. Although Duke’s defense executed successfully against the Hokies’ offense for the majority of the game, Virginia Tech got the better of the Blue Devils’ defense in the fourth quarter. Late in that period, the Hokies held a 27-19 advantage. But Hokie running back Josh Oglesby scored on a 19-yard run to increase his team’s lead to 34-19. Down two scores with two minutes left, Duke could have easily given up. But Duke Football’s new mentaliy does not permit such an attitude as Cutcliffe and his coaching staff have emphasized the importance of always finishing strong. On the Blue Devils’ final possession, Lewis led a 14-play. 90-yard drive capped off by a touchdown pass from the senior quarterback to junior receiver Austin Kelly. After failing to recover the onside kick, the team walked off the field hugely disappointed. While satisfied with his team’s performance, Cutcliffe and the rest of the team are no longer content with just keeping the score close. “There are no moral victories at Duke, regardless of what anybody’s opinion is,” he said. In Cutcliffe’s mind, a loss is a loss. But after competing on such a high level with the nation’s sixth-best team and the reigning ACC champion, the rest of Duke’s season looks bright. “When you play a team like [Virginia Tech], they are going to hit you in the mouth,” Cutcliffe said. “It’s not so much whether you hit them all the time, it’s how you respond.”
wednesDAY, october 7, 2009 | 11
Toothless secondary, big plays doom Duke’s upset bid vs. Hokies by Kevin Fishner The chronicle
A high-scoring defensive struggle sounds like a contradiction. But that is precisely how Duke’s 34-26 loss versus No. 6 Virginia Tech Saturday turned out. The Blue Devils kept the game close throughout all four quarters, and they Game never allowed the Analysis Hokie lead to exceed 10 points until there were two minutes remaining in the final period. But for head coach David Cutcliffe, being close at the end is not enough. “It was one of the most intense games that I’ve seen,” Cutcliffe said. “But let me just say this—there are no moral victories at Duke, regardless of what anyone’s opinion is. We got better as a team, but we didn’t play this game to play it close. We’re going to learn from this one and continue to get better.” Duke will certainly learn from this matchup, but the team gained something more—confidence. The ability not only to hang with, but also challenge a top-10
football team gives this Blue Devil team the winning mentality that it needs. The defense specifically showed huge strides, mostly in its ability to stop the run. Senior leader and defensive stalwart Vince Oghobaase was crucial in the defensive effort. Duke held Virginia Tech to 55 rush yards on 23 attempts in the first three quarters, but broke down in the fourth to the tune of 95 yards. Up until the end, the defensive line gave a seasonbest performance, successfully battling the larger Hokie lineman for position. “We stopped their run throughout the game,” Oghobaase said. “They had some good breaks at the end, but it was really back and forth all game.” “I thought the battle of the line of scrimmage was a draw on both sides of the ball,” Cutcliffe said. “It was just solid, fierce, competitive football— we didn’t back down one bit from the physical part of the game.” Since there was a stalemate in the neutral zone, there had to be a breaking point somewhere on the field. And that point was the Duke secondary. Hokie quarterback Tyrod Taylor dis-
sected the Blue Devil secondary for 17 completions, totaling 327 yards and two touchdowns. Even though Taylor put up gaudy numbers, Duke had multiple opportunities to turn the tide with an interception but continually came up empty. “Our secondary had the opportunity to make the plays,” cornerback Leon Wright said. “But we didn’t come up with the ball. It wasn’t really what they did to hurt us—it was more what we didn’t do. We knew what they were going to do, we had the perfect plays called, we just have to take advantage of the opportunities. We just didn’t do that.” With the relative weakness of the secondary compared to the defensive line, the Blue Devils became susceptible to big plays downfield. This was Duke’s downfall, as Tyrod Taylor and the Hokies had seven plays for over 20 yards. “You can’t let a quarterback stay as comfortable as Taylor was,” Cutcliffe said. “And you can’t let receivers average 24 and 31 yards, respectively—they just big-played us.” Not only did these plays accumulate
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No. 17 Miami 21 - 20 No. 8 Okla. Behind an emotional home crowd of over 60,000, Miami finished its daunting four-game stretch to start the season with a one-point win over the Sooners Saturday. The Hurricanes rallied back from an early 10-0 deficit behind three touchdowns from quarterback Jacory Harris and 150 yards on the ground from senior Javarris James.
BC 28 - 21 FSU Boston College attracted ESPN’s College Gameday Saturday—and then went and beat one of the country’s most inconsistent teams. Up by as many as 18, the Eagles survived a rally from Florida State and scored with just over four minutes left to hold off the Seminoles, who now sit at 2-3 on the season.
UNC 3 - UVa 16 Virginia recorded its first win of the season in a shocker, as the Cavalier defense totally harnessed the Tar Heel attack en route to the 16-3 victory. North Carolina has now scored just 10 points in its last two games, both costly losses to ACC rivals.
Wake Forest 30 - 24 N. C. State Senior quarterback Riley Skinner threw three touchdown passes and the Wake Forest defense did the rest, intercepting Wolfpack signal-caller Russell Wilson twice to lead the Demon Deacons to victory. Skinner passed for a career-high 361 yards in his squad’s first ACC win.
12 | wednesDAY, october 7, 2009
Terps too much for tired Duke by Tom Gieryn The chronicle
Ian soileau/Chronicle file photo
Senior Elisabeth Redmond and the Blue Devil offense never got going against Maryland.
Sometimes there is such a thing as too much drama. Coming off a two-week stretch that saw the Blue Devils set a school record by playing four consecutive overtime games, the team headed into one of the tougher tests of its ACC season, against No. 19 Maryland that had enjoyed a full week of rest. The well-rested Terrapins proved too much for Duke to 4 UMD handle, as DUKE 0 M a r y l a n d (9-2-0, 1-2-0 in the ACC) controlled the game en route to a 4-0 defeat of the Blue Devils at Koskinen Stadium Sunday. “We obviously didn’t play nearly as well as we can, and we just didn’t work as hard as I think we can,” senior midfielder Elisabeth Redmond said. “Definitely the fact that we’ve played 110 minutes for four games straight is something that will help us down the road…but that definitely took a lot out of our legs.” The Blue Devils (4-5-3, 0-2-1) also took the field with a severely reduced roster. Seven of Duke’s 24 players were unavailable for Sunday’s contest with injuries. “We have a very, very thin squad, but that’s where we are. That’s who we are right now,” head coach Robbie Church said. “But this is the ACC. If you don’t prepare yourself, and you’re not ready to play, you’re
going to get punished.” On the offensive end, Maryland had a weapon that Duke could not match: sophomore forward Jasmyne Spencer, who possesses the speed and skill to turn even the tamest counterattack into a dangerous scoring effort. Spencer’s early attempts were thwarted by Duke goalie Tara Campbell, but Spencer gave Duke problems throughout the contest. Maryland broke through on the scoreboard 10 minutes into the game, when freshman midfielder Danielle Hubka deked a defender just outside the goal box and ripped a wide-open shot into the far corner of the net, past a diving Campbell. The Terrapins’ second goal, 13 minutes later, was a demonstration of outstanding patience by the Maryland attack. Junior midfielder Molly Dreska lined up even with Duke’s defense, but the pass intended to be played over her head was too low. Rather than letting the ball hit her in the back, Dreska actually ducked under the ball, and it fell perfectly at her feet right in front of the net to put Maryland up two. A third goal by Spencer followed late in the first half. Duke was able to penetrate into the Terrapins’ end of the field, but rarely managed to break free for open shot opportunities. After shooting on goal at a prolific pace this season, the Blue Devils shot just seven times in this contest. Duke’s play picked up in the be-
ginning of the second half, but the air was taken out of the Blue Devils when, with 28 minutes left in the game, midfielder Lynnea Pappas was carted off the field on a stretcher after she was sandwiched between two Maryland players. Pappas’s injury caused a 20-minute delay, and the game never resumed its pace. Sports Information Director Lindy Brown said Pappas was taken off on the stretcher for precautionary reasons only. Church attributed the team’s struggles to a lack of preparation. “It starts with the mentality…. We were not prepared,” he said. “That starts with me. I don’t think the coaching staff had them as prepared as we need to.” Still, the bulk of Duke’s ACC schedule lies ahead, and Church’s focus is forward. “It’s one game. That’s the best thing about it: It’s one game,” he said. “We played poorly one game, and it’s really been the only time all year…. So it’s important for us to make sure we understand it’s one game and push it aside.” Four overtime games in 17 days might be dramatic indeed, but it is safe to say Church won’t put up with any drama in practice leading up to a critical matchup with No. 5 Florida State next weekend. “I can guarantee Robbie’s going to be kicking our asses this week,” Redmond said. “We just need to mentally get back into it.”
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Freshman goalkeeper Tara Campbell played well, but still allowed four goals in Duke’s 4-0 loss to Maryland Sunday.
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Seymour leads Duke to victory at Wisco. invite Fall Break was an eventful weekend for Duke runners. The No. 27 men and No. 29 women swept all three meets they competed in, defeating a total of 31 different teams between three meets: one in Madison, Wisc. and two in North Carolina. While the men’s second team emerged victorious from the Great American Cross Country Festival in Cary Friday and the women’s second team swept the Hagan Stone Cross Country Classic Saturday, the Blue Devils’ premiere event of the weekend was the inaugural Wisconsin Invitational Saturday. Duke’s top nine women made the trip to Madison to compete
against six other ranked teams, and pulled off six upsets to take first in the meet out of 12 squads. Sophomore Carly Seymour was first across the line for the Blue Devils, finishing the 5K race in 17:09 to take third overall. Sophomore Suejin Ahn, freshmen Madeline Morgan and Sophia Ziemian and sophomore Mary Carleton Johnson rounded out Duke’s top five, all finishing in the top 25 in a meet of 123 runners. Duke’s top five runners averaged 17 minutes and 33 seconds, faster than any other team in the competition. As a team, the Blue Devils’ lowest five places combined for
78 points, edging out No. 21 Syracuse with 90 points and No. 10 Illinois with 95. Last week marked the first time since 2004 that Duke has been ranked in the top 30 in both men’s and women’s rankings simultaneously. After this weekend’s performances, Duke’s positions are well-protected, and the women’s defeat of six higher-ranked teams should lift them even further up the national standings. The Blue Devils return to competition Oct. 16, when both the women and men’s teams compete in the Virginia Invitational in Charlottesville. —by Alex Keller
Michael naclerio/Chronicle file photo
The Duke women upset six higher-ranked squads to win the Wisconsin Invitational Saturday.
big plays from page 11 large amounts of yardage, but they came at critical points in the game. With a slim 17-14 deficit early in the third quarter, the Blue Devils had Taylor trapped in a thirdand-34 on his own 16-yard line. If Duke had stopped Virginia Tech at that point, it would have had great field position and an outstanding chance to tie or take the lead late in the game. But Taylor heaved the ball upfield to wide receiver Jarrett Boykin to complete a 62yard pass, more than enough for the first down. This defensive failure ultimately led to a Hokie field goal—but more importantly, a complete change in momentum for Duke. One or two plays going the Blue Devils’ way could have changed the outcome of the game, an underlying theme that has defined Duke’s season so far. Once the Blue Devils get that marquee victory they have been searching for, subsequent victories could follow. But for now, Duke needs to focus on winning the smaller battles of conference competition.
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Offensive lineman Mitchell Lederman battles with two Virginia Tech defenders during Duke’s 34-26 loss to the Hokies Saturday afternoon.
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14 | wednesDAY, october 7, 2009
election from page 1 a precinct chief judge in Durham elections for more than 20 years, said no students had shown up to vote. She noted that she expected more voters to arrive as the work day ended, and 98 registered voters ultimately showed up to cast their ballots, according to unofficial results released later in the day. “This is normal for the primary,” she said. “In fact, we might be doing a little better than we have been doing in primaries. I don’t know why people don’t think it’s important, but it is.” Several election workers said people often fail to understand the importance of municipal elections and the impact the results have on their lives. Michael Perry, deputy director of the Durham County Board of Elections, said although national elections often garner more participation, the impact of local races is much more immediate for the average voter. “[City Council members] are the people who make the decisions on our police, fire, water and those types of things, but we don’t go out and vote for them,” he said. Despite having a polling location on campus, the precinct at North Carolina Central University did not appear to fare any better in attracting voters to its polls. As of 4:30 p.m., 74 voters had cast their ballots, the majority of whom were NCCU students, said precinct chief judge Jackie Yarborough. Markia Gray, a senior at NCCU, said she voted in Tuesday’s election because several of the candidates had campaigned on campus, despite what she called poor advertising for the election overall. “The people who I voted for had been outside the Union trying to get the students’ attention,” Gray said, noting that the majority of students did not know the election was Tuesday. “If you don’t know, then you’re not going to vote.” Cole-McFadden said prior to the polls closing she was confident she would move on to the general election, where she believes the turnout will improve. “What I’m able to gather from folks is they seemed to be focused on Nov. 6 and not Oct. 3,” Cole-McFadden said, as she prepared to shuttle senior citizens to the polling station and did some last minute-campaigning at NCCU.
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Richard Fisher, CEO of the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, emphasizes the importance of the new global economy at Sanford Saturday.
economy from page 3
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Fisher said although he predicts unemployment will increase, the U.S. economy will continue to recover. “The only function of economic forecasting is to make astrology look respectable,” Fisher said, quoting economist John Kenneth Galbraith. He added that in order to prevent another recession, businessmen must understand how intertwined the global economy is, and that their actions have a profound impact on those who are far removed from the financial sector. Fisher added that the government must incentivize ethical business practices and control risky behavior like credit default swaps. Still, Fisher said the U.S. is the most attractive place to foreign investors. “What makes the U.S. great is that we are masters of creative destruction,” Fisher said, drawing from the theory of Austrian economist Joseph Schumpeter. He cited America’s universities as the country’s greatest asset, and stressed the importance of a creative, educated population that will constantly invent to replace the obsolete. Several audience members asked Fisher about U.S. trade relations with China. Fisher said the trade relationship between the two countries is vital for the survival of the U.S. economy and warned against protectionist policies. His answers to questions from audience members generated a positive response. Dotty Caudle, Nursing ’51, said she thought Fisher’s responses throughout the presentation were “very honest.”
trustees from page 1 value to increase within the next year. When endowment spending is accounted for, the reported 24.3 percent investment loss becomes a total 27.5 percent drop in value, according to the University’s 2008-2009 Financial Statements. Over a period that spans from the end of the fiscal year in June to Aug. 31, the endowment’s value increased about 4 percent, Executive Vice President Tallman Trask said Sept. 24. ’09 contributions drop In addition to an overall decrease in investments, the University has seen a 61 percent decrease in revenue from private donations—from a historic high of $351.6 million in the 2007-2008 fiscal year to $136.9 million in the 2008-2009 fiscal year, based on Generally Accepted Accounting Principles. According to the financial statement, GAAP figures do not account for grants, contracts, gifts from the Charlotte-based Duke Endowment or adjustments made to annual pledges due to circumstances arising between when the pledge was made and the date of the actual donation. Although overall contributions are down, the number of individuEndowment loss during the als and groups who donated to 2008-2009 fiscal year the University increased slightly in 2009, said Michael Schoenfeld, vice president for public affairs and govDecrease in private donations ernment relafrom the previous fiscal year tions. The decrease in donations is the result of several factors. President Richard Brodhead said regular annual contributions did not drop last fiscal year, but 2009 marked the end of a $75 million donation to financial aid that was made over three years. Additionally, donors were reluctant to make multi-year pledges because of economic uncertainty, he added. “We had the few big gifts that have bumped things up in past years,” Brodhead
27.5 percent 61 percent
wednesDAY, october 7, 2009 | 15
said. “As the economy stabilizes and as luck begins to reverse, I’m sure we’ll see a return of giving to the University.” There are currently no plans for a fundraising campaign, but there is an ongoing discussion about how to boost donations, Brodhead noted, adding that several of Duke’s best fundraising years were not during any compaigns. With the conclusion of the Financial Aid Initiative last December, the University raised $308 million to invest in student aid. In May, the Board of Trustees approved the 2009-2010 budget, which increased funding for undergraduate financial aid by 17.1 percent to $114 million. Although the University will cover a larger amount of aid costs this year, Brodhead and Blue said Duke will retain its commitment to needblind admissions and providing aid to students who demonstrate need. “We don’t budget a certain amount and give out that amount and stop—we budget based on what our estimation of the need will be,” Brodhead said. “And whatever the need is, we meet it. We knew the cost would go up, and indeed it has. That’s just a cost of being who we are.” He added that whether the University will contribute an even larger amount toward financial aid next academic year, and exactly how much that amount will be, is currently unclear. DART cuts costs As the University pays more for student aid, it is cutting costs elsewhere. The Duke Administrative Reform Team is about halfway to its goal of reducing this year’s budget by $70 million as part of its plan to cut $125 million over three years. This summer, 295 bi-weekly employees opted for early retirement, and administrators announced Sept. 17 that another 100 monthly employees will be offered a similar package, saving the University a total of $20 to $25 million this year. DART and the Business and Finance Committee’s reports to the Board showed that the bi-weekly employees who took early retirement were glad to be given the opportunity, Blue said. Most of the positions that were vacated have remained empty. Those that have been replaced were filled “more efficiently than in the past,” he added. Aside from administrative costs, DART is looking to cut from operations such as computer purchases, phone line usage and
temperature regulation in buildings. “The University is made up of 40 million processes—most are invisible to us in daily life,” Brodhead said. “In an expanding economy, they can expand without you giving too much thought to it. DART has given us the occasion to look at what we do and ask, ‘What is the smartest way to do what we do?’” Still, the University will continue to look to DART to help trim costs from the budget as the year progresses.
“The University is made up of 40 million processes—most are invisible to us in daily life.” — Richard Brodhead, president “We still need to give the administration the flexibility to show us how they’re going to do it in such a way that it doesn’t affect the ability of the University to pursue its major objectives,” Blue said. “We just have to keep working to come up with new strategies and meet the challenges that present themselves. Going green The Board also approved a 50-year Climate Action Plan aimed at carbon neutrality, Brodhead said. The project could cost up to $100 million and is headed by Executive Vice President Tallman Trask, Bill Chameides, dean of the Nicholas School of the Environment and Tim Profeta, director of the Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions and a senior associate dean. Blue said the plan sets 2024 as the year by which Duke will aim to achieve a “substantial neutrality,” though it may take 50 years for the University to become completely carbon neutral. The initiative stems from efforts to combat global warming, Brodhead said, noting that he signed a letter two years ago committing Duke to reduce carbon emissions.
“It’s not going to be cheap, but it’s part of the commitment that the University is going to make to be cognizant of our responsibility to the environment,” Blue said. “It’s a matter of starting the process, identifying further ways to get to zero [carbon emissions] and making decisions as we proceed along in new construction of alternative energy sources.” Building K4 Board members also supported the continuation of research leading up to a $75,000 feasibility study to add a fourth wing to Keohane Quadrangle, code-named K4. The new 150-bed building would be located between Keohane and Edens Quadrangles. Keohane was originally designed to consist of four buildings, but was likely not completed at the time due to insufficient funding and a lack of student need, said Steve Nowicki, vice provost and dean of undergraduate education. The additional wing would serve as a guinea pig for the University to test ideas for New Campus, Nowicki said. He added that the University plans to gather more student input before designing the building. Nowicki will present his plans to Campus Council Thursday evening. “Hopefully, we’ll get it pretty right,” Nowicki said. “We’ll probably learn lessons from this. When we finally build New Campus, we can take what we learn from K4 and transfer that to New Campus.” Nowicki added that he did a “back of the envelope calculation,” which showed that the increased number of beds on West Campus would offset the cost of construction over time. Reviews of the project will likely continue into the Spring, Brodhead said. Blue noted that Nowicki and Provost Peter Lange will attend the Board of Trustees meeting in December to provide more logistical details. “It sustains momentum to a great degree of the University moving forward and making the campus... more dynamic,” Blue said. “It keeps in place some of the planning that was going on before we got into this dire financial strait.”
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wednesDAY, october 7, 2009 | 17
Diversions Shoe Chris Cassatt and Gary Brookins
Dilbert Scott Adams
Doonesbury Garry Trudeau
The Chronicle Things with similarly low turnout The Chicago Olympics:��������������������������������������������������������������� hon Fall break budget:�������������������������������������������will, emme, naureen Watchdogging:���������������������������������������������������������������������gabe...? Discussions on sexiling:����������������������������������������������������������austin Ice cream socials:��������������������������������������������������������������������� gabe! The photo hall on nights other than Thurs:������ courtney, sam, etc. The ‘media cave’ on nights other than Thursday:��������� @axellkein Sending the pages at 4 in the morning:���������������������������������� reed Barb Starbuck thinks 4% of success is just showing up:��������� Barb
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Fill in the grid so that every row, every column and every 3x3 box contains the digits 1 through 9. (No number is repeated in any column, row or box.)
Spot FOR YOUR
Answer to puzzle
The Independent Daily at Duke University
18 | wednesDAY, october 07, 2009
Hands off recruitment weekends
Last Spring, minority re- away from the inclusivity of cruitment weekends emerged Blue Devil Days, while the culas a hot topic of concern with- tural organizations that coordiin the University community. nate and run BSAI and LSRW And now, with Duke Student maintain that the weekends are Government’s creation of the key to attracting minority stuPresidential Sedents who have lect Committee been accepted editorial on Minority Reto Duke. cruitment Weekends, the deIn the coming weeks, the bate is poised to resume. Presidential Select Committee In reality, however, the will convene to discuss these idea that a “problem” exists issues and formulate recomis simply misguided. mendations. The committee is At issue is the Black Stu- composed of two representadent Alliance Invitational tives from One Duke United weekend and the Latino Stu- and BSA and three from Mi dent Recruitment Weekend, Gente as well as one represenboth of which attempt to tative from the Interfraternity “sell” the University to pro- Council. Dean of Undergraduspective minority students. ate Admissions Christoph GutOne Duke United, an un- tentag will also be involved in official group comprised of the committee’s work. several students, argues that The Presidential Select the weekends present a skewed Committee, despite its good version of life at Duke and take intentions, incorrectly assumes
I have to disagree firmly with this column. The photographs are astoundingly beautiful, and I notice them every single time I walk through that corridor.
—“walls” commenting on the column “We can’t handle it.” See more at www.dukechronicle.com.
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that something about minority recruitment weekends must be changed, and it calls upon the wrong people to bring about new policy. As we have stated in the past, BSAI and LSRW play an important role in highlighting the support networks available to minority students at Duke, and they have proven successful at recruiting blacks and Hispanics to a university environment that can be difficult for minority students to traverse. Moreover, complaints about the negative impact of BSAI and LSRW are unwarranted. It is disingenuous to say that minority recruitment weekends decrease the diversity among students visiting campus during Blue Devil Days, thereby dissuading these visitors from matriculating. At best, this is a tenuous connection to make.
And if it were true, any lack of diversity would probably fall more along socioeconomic lines, because attending Blue Devil Days often entails purchasing an expensive last-minute airplane ticket. Not only does the Presidential Select Committee address a non-issue, it is flawed in its function. BSAI and LSRW are “owned” by BSA and Mi Gente respectively, and these two organizations should drive any discussion of change—not a committee chartered by DSG. An unofficial, small and biased group of students like One Duke United should not be given an equal footing with BSA or Mi Gente in this dialogue. And it is absolutely unclear how IFC deserves a spot at the table at all. Complaints about BSAI
and LSRW center on their implications for campus culture and their contribution to the alleged “self-segregation” that exists at the University. It is important to discuss questions about racial interaction at Duke, but these conversations should not begin within the context of minority recruitment weekends that are more the symptom than the cause of underlying racial issues at our University. Diversity is a vital component at every institution of higher education, and for Duke, minority recruitment weekends contribute to this worthwhile aim. BSAI and LSRW are not broken, and the Presidential Select Committee on Minority Recruitment Weekends should not presume to fix them.
week ago today, Duke English professor Tom Ferraro gave a talk to a small circle of roughly 30 students on the subject of Quentin Tarantino’s 1994 film “Pulp Fiction.” Embarking on an all-encompassing explanation of the film, Ferraro first ventured into the racial and sexual overtones of the work, as well as their roots in earlier cinema. He then dissected entirely chris bassil the varying layers of interaction true story between all of the seemingly unconnected characters present. He even succeeded in creating something of a literary triangle between “Pulp Fiction,” the television series “The Sopranos” and Nathaniel Hawthorne’s 1850 novel “The Scarlet Letter.” In short, Ferraro left no stone unturned. However, the most interesting, not to mention pertinent, point that Ferraro made had little to do with “Pulp Fiction” itself. In an extended aside concerning “The Sopranos,” the “aficionado of the great American stuff,” he hinted that the most riveting thing going on in art today, and perhaps in the history of the arts, is the modern television series. At first, such an assertion might seem preposterous. Having grown up being reprimanded for watching too much TV and hearing terms like “couch potato” employed to tear us away from the television, such a paradigm shift is not a simple one. However, a little time spent thinking over the examples helps to prove the professor’s point. It’s also important to keep in mind that Ferraro is most likely excluding a large portion of mindless television programming from this position of esteem. Perhaps the most obvious example of a running television show that opens itself up to this type of analytical scrutiny would be ABC’s “Lost.” Although the show is able to stand simply on its compelling storyline, one would be hard pressed to argue that there is a lack of substance existing below the surface here. In fact, there is such an overabundance of characters bearing the names of historically significant figures that it seems, at times, almost arbitrary. Whether it is or is not actually proves to be irrelevant. The point is that the show places such an intense focus on allusions, as well as motifs, that its viewing feels more like an evening
with a good book than time spent in front of the tube. Any English section here on campus could spend a considerable amount of time excavating all there is to be unearthed here, and could call it time well spent. But English class analysis isn’t a prerequisite for all of the great television going on right now. Take, for instance, the “Friday Night Lights” series spun off of the 2004 movie. The show leaves out a lot of intellectualism and allusion in order to devote more time to character development, making it a little bit more accessible and appreciable to the lesser-read audience. What results is something of a modern Middle American epic, an in-depth exploration of the themes of everyday life and redemption as they appear to a large portion of the country. For fans of works like Bruce Springsteen’s song “Jungleland,” also touched on by Ferraro, there is much to be found here. The list, of course, goes on to include many more than these two semi-opposing programs. There’s “Mad Men” and “Huff,” “Weeds” and “Hung,” “Six Feet Under” and “Arrested Development,” and that’s not even anywhere close to all of them. Basically, there’s something good out there for everybody, no matter what you’re looking to get out of it. The important thing, though, is that we are in the heat of the movement and we should appreciate it as such. It won’t be too long before some of us are in Tom Ferraro’s shoes, speaking to students about the intricacies of whatever’s airing on Showtime right now. Which brings us full circle and right back to the professor’s talk. Before moving away from the subject of television and back into the veritable world of “Pulp Fiction,” Ferraro raised his most resonating question of the night. He told us that many years ago, people wrote novels. At least that’s what they did if they were keeping current. After that, the movers and shakers made music, and, when we were young, they made movies. Now, as we’ve just seen, people are making television shows. Having piqued our interest in television and put into each of our heads daydreams about how we’d play with the genre, Ferraro pulled the rug right out from under us. He told us that our generation wouldn’t just make more television, but would make something else entirely. Exactly what, however, he didn’t say. That’s just something we’ll have to figure out for ourselves. Chris Bassil is a Trinity sophomore. His column runs every other Wednesday.
wednesDAY, october 07, 2009 | 19
he bridge is at the center of controversy again. Duke’s bridge painting policy is not detailed, but it does prevent censorship. “The bridge on Campus Drive is a place where groups and individuals from Duke can express opinions that are not restricted by content, except by legal standards. The bridge will not be censored for content by the University,” states the Office of the University Registrar Web site. The elad gross bridge’s many messages kitty babies are entirely left in our hands. But what do we want the bridge to be? Is it really an open forum or just an untraditional billboard? For starters, the bridge is not located in a secluded corner of campus. Duke students, staff and guests riding the C-1 bus from East to West, and vice versa, have no choice but to see the painted walls of the bridge, advertising fraternity parties, civic engagement projects and specially designated weeks of activism. If the bridge can reflect on Duke poorly to both outsiders and insiders, should the paint jobs contain words or images that can be interpreted as hurtful? In the 2005 Supreme Court case, Van Orden v. Perry, a homeless man (Van Orden) protested the presence of a very large Ten Commandments monument on the Texas state capitol grounds. The justices ruled against Van Orden and upheld the constitutionality of the Ten Commandments monument. The monument is not a violation
of the First Amendment’s establishment clause. In a few other cases involving the establishment clause, justices in favor of the religious exhibition emphasize the ability of the objecting viewers to avert their eyes. This argument was also used in Van Orden v. Perry. Although the words written on the bridge do not fall under the religion clauses of the First Amendment, they do fall under the very related right of freedom of expression. And, like the case of Van Orden v. Perry, we as a community must ask ourselves if asking bystanders to avert their eyes is sufficient when profanity or negative language is painted onto the bridge. Ultimately, few of the Supreme Court’s rulings will actually protect Duke students’ comments painted onto the bridge. Duke is a private university, and the bridge is on Duke’s property. But if Duke keeps its word, and we are really going to treat the bridge as a public forum for the Duke community, then we will have to set some common rules to govern how we express ourselves. Certainly, hate crimes would be prohibited, as they are prosecutable by federal legislation. But the most recent negative words written on the bridge do not technically constitute a hate crime. A criticism of gay pride isn’t necessarily hate speech against homosexuals. Many people in this country oppose excessive national, ethnic or even school pride as being overly divisive. Maybe the writer of the criticism also opposes heterosexual pride? Does that make his or her comments acceptable? There is a way to bring all of these questions out into the open. The group that painted over these words may have violated the Academic Freedom policies of the University.
According to the Undergraduate Policies in the bulletin of Duke University, “Academic freedom is a right and responsibility of students as well as faculty. Students who believe that their academic freedom has been abridged should submit a written complaint to their academic dean. The dean may enlist the faculty in establishing the merits or extent of the complaint by appointing a disinterested two-person subcommittee of the Faculty Hearing Committee to provide advice. Cases not resolved by the dean may be brought to the attention of the provost. Students may also seek advice of the student ombudsperson in resolving a complaint.” The student who wrote the words should file a complaint and start the conversation about the bridge and what it means to the Duke community. We should have a conversation about accepting others, but we can’t have that conversation without a common language, or at least a common understanding. The anarchy governing the bridge today has its benefits. “Happy Birthday” messages would probably be eliminated by an overzealous committee seeking to limit free expression when it comes to the bridge. Instead, we should embrace the anarchy. Bridge painters should have common courtesy and, in the case of negative language, uncommon courtesy. The rights of us as a community all hinge upon the rights of the individual. But rights come with responsibility, and it should be our responsibilities, as engaged students at this University, to share our perspectives and stand by them, rather than let them remain present, but hidden, by the stroke of a paintbrush. Elad Gross is a Trinity senior. His column runs every Wednesday.
letterstotheeditor Logic lost in Tao’s letter to the editor Civil discourse never begins with “F- you,” let alone between anonymous parties using spray paint. Contrary to what Kevin Tao asserts in his Oct. 2 letter to the editor, the individuals who painted over the hateful graffiti on the bridge weren’t censoring an opposing viewpoint. Rather, they were taking a stand for fairness and respect when discussing sensitive issues, and they then invited anyone in the Duke community to have a real civil discourse on LGBT issues via the My Truth Panels. I can’t imagine a more appropriate response than this. The fact that they took pictures of the graffiti, helped bring the entire University’s attention to the graffiti via Zoilla Airall’s e-mail, and then restated the graffiti in a letter to The Chronicle hardly constitutes censorship of the opposition’s message. Tao also tries to pin the bridge painters into a false paradox of being intolerant of intolerance. Though for most people this goes without saying, tolerance is not an umbrella term that lends itself to annihilation by self-contradiction. People who promote tolerance also shun acts of intolerance and hate. This is not hypocritical—it’s logically consistent. I do agree with Tao on one point: “we should strive to be living examples of what our groups stand for.” It worries me that a member of our own Honor Council could so grossly misapply the Duke Community Standard and go so far as to label the individuals who acted to uphold fairness and respect as uncivil hypocrites. Finally, to those who agree with the sentiment of the offensive graffiti but are afraid to hurt anyone’s feelings by discussing LGBT issues, please request a meeting with a My Truth Panel. We welcome any and all opportunities to discuss LGBT issues in a respectful environment. Nick Altemose Trinity ’11 Hate-speech should not be tolerated Although I do not want to bring more attention to the act of vandalism on the East Campus bridge, I cannot help but respond to the Oct. 2 letter to the editor regarding this incident. As my father always says, “Tolerate everything except intolerance.” What was written on the bridge was intolerant, hateful and hurtful. For someone to
suggest that the messages written on the bridge were actually gestures of friendly debate is shocking. What was written on the bridge was hate speech, plain and simple. To suggest that the LGBTQ community and its allies should have to construct a “thought-out response” and paint it on the bridge next to an obviously not well thought-out message of anger and hate is offensive. What civil discourse can begin with “F- this rainbow” or “F- gay pride?” I cannot envision those remarks leading to some sort of intellectual discourse. There is no “counterargument” when someone says “F- you.” What would the individual(s) who left the original comment want to debate, anyway? Do they not like the rainbow as a symbol for gay pride? Or do they just believe that LGBTQ individuals shouldn’t be able to celebrate their pride? Either way, the potential for debate in this situation seems quite slim. If the individual(s) who wrote that message are looking for a debate, then maybe they can do it without the protection of anonymity, by responding to these columns explaining their actions and the reasoning behind them. If civil discourse was indeed their goal, this would be the opportunity to make it happen. My only hope is that the event and the subsequent response of support (not censorship) have sparked productive conversation among students about these issues. And on a personal note, I do understand that when you act you represent the group you belong to, which is why I am proud to be represented by a community of scholars who acted swiftly and firmly in response to a targeted act of hate on campus.
In the interim, here are two steps you can take to ensure physicians, hospitals and other care providers understand your benefits coverage and are sending your claims to the appropriate address: Remind your health care providers to use the toll-free number on your UnitedHealthcare StudentResources I.D. card to confirm that your insurance coverage is active and verify the types of covered services under your plan. Remind your health care providers to use the claims submission address on the back of your UnitedHealthcare StudentResources I.D. card when submitting claims for payment to ensure they are sent to the correct address. We are committed to providing Duke students with superior customer service. Toward that end, if you call our Customer Service department and are not satisfied with the experience, please note the date and time of your call, as well as the person with whom you spoke. If you don’t mind providing the number you called Customer Service from, that would be helpful as well. That information should be shared with Anna Salinas, Duke Student Health Center student insurance manager, who will work with the StudentResources service team to help remedy the situation. We value our relationship with Duke University and its students and we hope to see you in November.
Lisa Bevilacqua Trinity ’10
Lack of response to Bolton lecture appalling I am appalled at the lack of intelligent response to the lecture by John Bolton. Why did we allow him to dump the foreign policy of President Barack Obama after President George W. Bush’s administration dumped on their successor the Iraq war along with the economic crisis? Bolton should have been queried as to whether he is so “naive” as to be proud of the invasion of Iraq. Now there was an attack to warm the heart of a pre-emptive warrior. I won’t detail here what a tragic disaster this has been for us, and especially for the Iraqis. But then, I don’t think you can penetrate a Bolton.
UnitedHealthcare responds to The Chronicle’s UnitedHealthcare series UnitedHealthcare StudentResources appreciates the opportunity to serve the more than 6,000 Duke University students covered by our plan, so we were very concerned by The Chronicle’s recent articles that revealed some students may have experienced service issues. Students: as a result of this news, we plan to have StudentResources representatives on the Duke campus in November to answer any outstanding questions you may have, and to share general information about your benefits coverage.
Matthew Brinson Account Executive UnitedHealthcare
Sarah Freedman Divinity ’92
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20 | wednesDAY, october 7, 2009 the chronicle