The Chronicle T h e i n d e p e n d e n t d a i ly at D u k e U n i v e r s i t y
TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 2009
General brings Afghan war front to Duke by Ciaran O’Connor The chronicle
On a day when the war in Afghanistan was top news, Duke hosted a high-ranking general in the United States army to speak on “Counterinsurgency and the War in Afghanistan.” Brig. Gen. H.R. McMaster spoke on the background of U.S. counterinsurgency efforts in Afghanistan and fielded questions from the approximately 100 students and faculty who packed into the Sanford School of Public Policy Monday night. His speech coincided with the release of the top military commander in Afghanistan’s confidential assessment of the war effort. In the 66-page report, issued to President Barack Obama Aug. 30 but only leaked to the Washington Post late Sunday night, Gen. Stanley McChrystal calls for more troops in order to avoid losing the war. Because his speech Monday came at a pivotal moment for U.S. policy-making in Afghanistan, McMaster requested that no part of it be recorded for publication. Rather than advocate for any specific policies at a time in which it could be seen as inappropriate for a military officer to do so, he gave a brief background on the conflict in Afghanistan and U.S. counterinsurgency efforts. See mcmaster on page 4
ONE HUNDRED AND FIFTH YEAR, Issue 23
REFILLING AN EMPTY JAR
House passes financial aid reform as graduates’ debt grows by Christina Pena The chronicle
Two-thirds of American college students now graduate with an average debt of $23,186, compared to 58 percent of students who averaged $13,172 in loans 12 years ago, The Wall Street Journal reported Sept. 4. According to the U.S. Department of Education, students borrowed 25 percent more than the last academic year, bringing the 2008-2009 total to $75.1 billion. The Journal article also noted that the need to pay for loans has begun to affect
major life decisions such as careers. “The Obama administration has an ambitious agenda to make college more accessible and affordable for students,” said Stephanie Babyak, a spokeswoman for the U.S. Department of Education. Thursday, the U.S. House of Representatives passed the Student Aid and Fiscal Responsibility Act. The bill passed in a 253-171 vote and now goes on to the Senate. The bill converts all new federal lending to the Direct Loan program, instead of lenders that are subsidized by taxpayers. The switch to
direct federal lending will mark “the single largest investment in federal student aid ever,” Rep. George Miller, D-Calif., told The New York Times in a Sept. 17 report. But Duke started earlier than the federal government, instituting its own agenda to make the University more affordable. In December 2007, Duke followed in the footsteps of Harvard University and announced a new financial aid initiative, which eliminated parental contributions for families See student aid on page 5
Photo illustration by Michael naclerio, Chronicle graphic by hon lung chu/The Chronicle
Some ‘pre-meds’ take the road less traveled by Ray Koh
andrew zheng/The Chronicle
Brig. Gen. H.R. McMaster speaks about the U.S. counterinsurgency efforts in Afghanistan in the Sanford School of Public Policy Monday night.
Junior Nick Altemose may be a biology major, but don’t expect to see him in the operating room any time soon. Most of Altemose’s peers in courses like organic chemistry might assume that he aspires to scrub in for a major surgery someday. But Altemose said he plans to stay in his lab coat for the long haul pursuing a career in scientific research. “Usually when I meet someone and tell him or her that I am a biology major, the first question I get is, ‘Do you want to be a doctor?’ Seldom do I meet other biology majors who are not premed,” said Altemose, who is specializing in genomic biology. “The competitiveness to get into medical school is overwhelming. If I absolutely wanted to be a doctor, I might endure it. But I don’t.” Approximately 75 percent of students studying life sciences nationwide plan to go to medical school, said Huntington Willard, director of the Institute for Genome Sciences and Policy. But there are some students at Duke who are majoring in biology, chemistry or physics simply for the love of science. Willard said he and his colleagues hope to do more in the future to meet the needs of this small but passionate group of students. University Registrar Bruce Cunningham wrote in an e-mail that he does not have specific data indicating how many science majors do not plan to go to medical school.
“The more money that goes off campus, the slower I am to approve the addition of new vendors.”
—Director of Dining Services Jim Wulforst on Merchants on Points. See story page 3
See science on page 4
christina pena/The Chronicle
Junior Nick Altemose is one of a few biology majors who are not applying to medical school. Nationally, 75 percent of students studying life sciences plan on going to medical school.
Football: Making the Grade The Chronicle breaks down Duke’s loss to Kansas, PAGE 8
Blue Devils take on UNC-W, Page 6
2 | TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 2009 the chronicle
Afghan officals upset with movement of US troops
Justice deptartment plans FCC backs “net neutrality” to investigate ACORN WASHINGTON — The government would play a far more aggressive role in policing the public’s unfettered access to Internet services and content under a proposal offered Monday by Federal Communications Commission Chairman Julius Genachowski. The agency would be the “smart cop on the beat,” Genachowski said in a speech, outlining a plan to prohibit Internet service providers from blocking or slowing certain technologies and content on their networks. The chairman proposed that firms be required to make public the steps they are taking to control Web traffic. The proposal raised concerns among several providers, who said the regulation could hurt their business by limiting their ability to manage their networks. Some of the loudest protests came from wireless service providers, including telecommunications giant AT&T.
I am not young enough to know everything. — Oscar Wilde
WASHINGTON — The Justice Department’s inspector general announced Monday that he plans a review into whether the Association of Community Organizations for Reform Now (ACORN) ever applied for or received grant funds from the department—and if so, whether Justice has ever reviewed how such funds were spent. Maryland’s top law enforcement officer also moved to launch an investigation into ACORN. Attorney General Douglas Gansler announced Monday that he had asked for and received permission from Gov. Martin O’Malley to investigate and, if necessary, prosecute “conduct involving” ACORN. Both officials are Democrats. ACORN came under criticism from lawmakers last week after videos circulated that appear to show employees of the group offering tax help to a couple posing as a pimp and a prostitute.
TODAY IN HISTORY 1981: Sandra Day O’Connor was appointed to the Supreme Court.
BAGRAM AIR BASE, Afghanistan — Gen. Stanley McChrystal, the top military officer in Afghanistan, has told his commanders to pull forces out of sparsely populated areas where U.S. troops have fought bloody battles with the Taliban for several years and focus them on protecting major Afghan population centers. But the changes, which amount to a retreat from some areas, have already begun to draw resistance from senior Afghan officials who worry that any pullback from Taliban-held territory will make the weak Afghan government appear even more powerless in the eyes of its people. Senior U.S. officials said the moves were driven by the realization that some remote regions of Afghanistan, particularly in the Hindu Kush mountains that range through the northeast,were not going to be brought
under government control anytime soon. “Personally, I think I am being realistic about this,” said Maj. Gen. Curtis Scaparrotti, the commander of U.S. forces in eastern Afghanistan.“I have more combat power than my predecessors did, but I won’t be as spread out.... This is all about freeing up some forces so I can get them out more among the people.” The changes are in line with McChrystal’s confidential assessment of the war, which urges U.S. and NATO forces to “initially focus on critical high-population areas that are contested or controlled by insurgents.” The conflict between McChrystal’s new strategy and the Afghan government has been most pronounced in Nurestan province, a forbidding region bordering Pakistan where U.S. commanders have been readying plans since late last year to pull out their soldiers and shutter outposts.
Chris kraul/los angeles times
In Buenaventura, Colombia, police officers search coffee sacks for cocaine. Colombian President Alvaro Uribe decided to crack down on drug trafficking by deploying hundreds of additional police to monitor cargo movements. Uribe is also offering more options to local residents by moving poor residents from seaside shacks in crime-ridden areas into 3,000 new housing units.
TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 2009 | 3
Duke University Student Dining Advisory Committee
After 8 MOP approvals, DUSDAC slows Vita’s addition by Mona Ascha The chronicle
After adding Nosh and Mad Hatter’s to Merchants on Points earlier this month, the Duke University Student Dining Advisory Committee considered making more changes to the MOP program at its meeting Monday night. Eric Thomas, a representative from Vita, presented at the meeting as part of DUSDAC’s consideration to add the restaurant to the MOP program. Vita is a local Italian eatery owned by Giorgios Bakatsias, who also owns Parizade, Vin Rouge and various other restaurants in the Triangle. DUSDAC members got a taste of caprese salad, veggie pizza and various salads, among other Italian delectables. Thomas emphasized the freshness and healthiness of the foods that Vita offers. “Everything is cut to order,” Thomas said. “The great thing about Vita is that all of our pastas are made within the restaurant. When you come to Vita [our] pasta is light and refreshing. He also noted Vita’s affordability. “You can have two people come [to Vita] and spend $20, and they would have a lot of food between them,” Thomas said. If Vita is added to the MOP program, the restaurant will not administer a minimum delivery order nor a delivery fee, Thomas added. Delivery times would be between 5 p.m. and 9 p.m. Monday through Saturday. DUSDAC members responded positively to the Vita food tasting. “My mouth is happy right now. And my stomach too,” said junior Alex Klein, DUSDAC co-chair and The Chronicle’s online editor. Still, the committee was hesitant to add another restaurant to the MOP program. In the last year, DUSDAC has added eight new restaurants and fast food locations to the program. The committee also did not want to financially weaken eateries on campus. “We don’t want to do things that are going to compromise the on-campus vendors,” said Director of Dining Services Jim Wulforst. “The more money that goes off campus, the slower I am to approve the addition of new vendors.
Libby Busdicker/The Chronicle
DUSDAC members sample food from the local Italian eatery Vita at the group’s meeting Monday evening. Although members said they enjoyed the food, they expressed hesistance about the restaurant’s addition to the MOP program because many on-campus eateries’ sales have slowed compared to last year. Many of our on-campus eateries right now are down significantly this year than last year.” DUSDAC members ultimately decided to postpone the decision and obtain more information about Vita in the next few weeks before making a final decision whether to add the restaurant to the program. Members of DUSDAC also discussed the removal of some MOP vendors such as Junior’s Long Island Grille, Randy’s Pizza and Brooklyn Pizzeria. Recent surveys have shown Duke that students would be apathetic if they were removed from the list. In the last year, DUSDAC has removed Cosmic Cantina, and George’s Garage closed in July when the lease on the building expired.
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The committee also ensured that each on-campus eatery is properly labeling its food items with allergen warnings so vegetarians, vegans and those with food allergies know which foods are safe to consume. Members met with managers of each campus eatery to discuss labeling each item on their menus. Members also discussed having a Campus Council representative attend each weekly DUSDAC meeting. The idea received mixed responses from committee members. Those opposed to the idea said each regular attendee should go through the typical application and interview process. Still, the committee voted unanimously to approve of a Campus Council liaison to DUSDAC. The liaison will not have voting privileges on the committee.
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4 | TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 2009 the chronicle
Science from page 1 As the child of two doctors and a chemistry major herself, sophomore Nada Baalbaki seems like she should already be polishing her medical school essays and cramming for the MCAT. But Baalbaki said she is not interested the inner workings of the body. Instead, she hopes to figure out how to enhance its exterior through a career in cosmetic science. “I want to go to a cosmetic science graduate school, and chemistry is the most direct avenue to get there,” she said. Although Chemistry 21 and Chemistry 22 had some students who did not plan to go to medical school, Baalbaki noted that this intention in an organic chemistry class “definitely makes you feel like a minority.” Sophomore Vivek Patel, a biomedical engineering major who plans to attend medical school, said he can imagine how Baalbaki must feel. “One day in organic chemistry, the professor asked pre-med students to raise their hands. Pretty much everyone did,” he said. But Robert Behringer, James B. Duke professor of physics, said students who do not plan to attend medical school should not let their thin ranks discourage them. Courses like Physics 53 and Physics 54 are more than just good preparation for medical school, he noted. “There’s a joke about physics regarding medical preparation. It tends to be very demanding, so it allows you to find out if you’re truly a pre-med person,” Behringer said. “[Physics] makes a student more well-rounded and ready for other studies in the future. It makes a solid scientific foundation.” Students who major in biology, chemistry or physics out of passion for the discipline said they have received encouragement from family, friends and faculty. Baalbaki said her parents have not pressured her to follow in their footsteps as doctors. “My parents are happy about me not pursuing medical school, and they support my choice of doing something else,” she said. Altemose added that his friends have never tried to persuade him to go to medical school either. “It’s the other way around,” he said with a laugh. “I often pressure people to not do pre-med.”
andrew zheng/The Chronicle
Brig. Gen. H.R. McMaster takes questions from the audience after speaking about the U.S. counterinsurgency efforts in Afghanistan. McMaster authored a confidential report to President Barack Obama calling for more troops in order to avoid losing the Afghan War.
mcmaster from page 1 In his remarks, which lasted less than 30 minutes, McMaster spoke about the regional difficulties in Afghanistan and Pakistan and their implications for the broader region and the United States. He also laid out the ways in which the Taliban has managed to continually resist U.S. forces and undermine the central government, and how the United States can work to gain local support and fight the insurgency. In the ensuing question-and-an-
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swer session, which lasted significantly longer, McMaster spoke on a range of topics including the U.S. relationship with Afghan President Hamid Karzai and the role the NATO and regional U.S. allies will continue to play in the conflict. “I think it’s important despite all the difficulties associated with the mission in Afghanistan that there are some real opportunities,” McMaster said in an interview. He characterized Al-Qaeda as a “brutal and murderous enemy” and said he believes the U.S. can exploit Al-Qaeda’s lack of popularity and appeal within the Afghan population. “This is an enemy that’s worth defeating and it’s an enemy that does have some real weaknesses,” he added. This sentiment echoes the optimistic conclusion to his commander’s summary, in which McChrystal wrote, “While the situation is serious, success is still achievable.” McMaster was brought to the University as part of a collaboration between the Sanford School of Public Policy’s Duke University Program in American Grand Strategy and the Triangle Institute for Security Studies, an interdisciplinary consortium sponsored by Duke, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and North Carolina State University. McMaster is known as an intellectual as well as a soldier. In 1998, he wrote “Dereliction of Duty,” a book that criticizes military policy during the Vietnam War. He has served in Iraq twice, first in Operation Desert Storm—for which he was awarded the Silver Star for leadership—and then as commander of the operation to secure the city of Tel Afar in 2005. He has served on U.S. Central Command and helped devise the surge in Iraq as the head of Gen. David Petraeus’ “Council of Colonels.” He is now the director of Concept Development and Experimentation in the Army Capabilities Integration Center. “General McMaster is one of our country’s most distinguished military officers and one of its deepest thinkers of military strategies,” said Peter Feaver, Alexander F. Hehmeyer professor of political science and director of TISS. He added that “it was a great privilege for us to hear him tonight talk about a very important issue, and a very timely issue.” McMaster’s speech was met with excitement by many students. “It was an incredible insight into the mind of a professional who has been on the front lines,” said freshman Carter Suryadevara.
TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 2009 | 5
Student aid from page 1 with incomes less than $60,000, eliminated loans for families with incomes less than $40,000, reduced loans for students from families with incomes up to $100,000 and capped loans for eligible families with incomes above $100,000. “I’m not sure our students are graduating with more debt,” said Alison Rabil, assistant vice provost and director of Financial Aid. “I think we’ve stayed pretty steady. Our debt isn’t growing. That isn’t saying that the debt that our students are graduating with isn’t significant, but the Financial Aid Initiative introduced a year and a half ago made a big difference for our middle and lower class families.” This past school year, the total borrowing limit for dependent undergraduates who chose to take out federal Stafford loans grew from $23,000 to $31,000 over four years, which Rabil said other universities used to alter financial aid policies under the impression that the loans could cover funding otherwise provided by financial aid. But she noted that Duke caps the Stafford loan amount at $5,000 a year, totaling a maximum of $20,000 over four years. “We’re not hitting the old max, much less the new one,” Rabil said. Graduating with debt Although Rabil said Duke students may not be as adversely affected by debt as those at other institutions, the aftermath of college loans is still playing a role in postgraduation decisions. “I don’t think you make decisions based on money,” said William Wright-Swadel, Fannie Mitchell executive director of career services. “The key is that there is never just one variable that should drive any decision, that’s true at graduation, and I suspect it is true coming in. Students tend to think about what’s right there and when you use only one factor you almost always get in trouble. I think debt does that to many students.” But for some Duke students like sophomore Nana Asante, money does seem to play an important role in future career decisions. She said because Duke does not provide what she considers reasonable financial aid, loans are the only way she can pay for college. Asante added that though she may not be interested in attending law school, she feels obligated to do so because it increases her chances of landing a high-paying job that could help pay off her loans. “For me, to do otherwise would seem like a waste of a Duke degree that I have invested so much into,” Asante said. Wright-Swadel noted that the debt conversation is not new and that there are many students like Asante who have a similar outlook on the future. He added that it is important that students understand that they do not have to enter a field they are not interested in. Wright-Swadel also advises students to engage in conversations with various resources such as career counselors and financial aid advisers to make informed decisions regarding loans. “It becomes a matter of educating students on going back to financial aid, to really understand programs for deferral and other options on handling this,” Wright-Swadel said. “There are many ways students can still pursue things that they care about.” Sophomore Tyler Seuc is considering programs like Teach for America and the Peace Corps that have debtforgiveness, but is also thinking about continuing on to graduate school or a high-paying job afterwards to pay off student loans. “The fact that I will personally be graduating with a tens of thousands of dollars in loan—excluding the fact that my parents will be paying off their own loans for quite some time—makes me understand that I essentially have to get a job immediately,” Seuc wrote in an e-mail. Despite recent economic hardships and the University’s plan to trim its $125 million budget shortfall over three years, Rabil said the Financial Aid Office’s budget has not been tampered with. “That speaks to the commitment Duke has to students who have applied and gotten in,” she said. “We’re not trying to beat out our competition. We’re trying to make sure that if you want to come here, you can come here. It’s a testament to the value we place on our students.” Although Seuc is weighing various post-graduation scenarios to offset the high cost of four years at Duke, he said the financial burden is still worth the experience. “I do believe that the loans are worth it—well, most of the time,” Seuc said. “I had the opportunity to go to other schools for much cheaper or for free, and I chose not to enroll. I think that the education I am receiving here, in addition to the experience and the influence that the name Duke has, makes graduating with the amount of loans, as well as living these years with financial strain, worth it.”
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Winning Cameron’s lottery
Two years ago, as I stood an arm’s length away from Tyler Hansbrough in Cameron Indoor Stadium, I wondered out loud how much my seat would be worth at auction. The question was rhetorical, but soon, everyone might know the answer. If you’ve been living under a tent—with no wireless connection!—for the past week, you might have missed the announcement that Cameron will undergo some seating changes this season. Some graduate students will now sit next to the band behind the end zone near the visitor’s Ben bench, opening up room in the corners of Section 17 and bumping the guests who used to sit, silently, under one hoop. The change hardly affects the Cameron Crazies as we know them, and forcing opponents to shoot into waving hands and Speedo Guys in the second half seems likely to enhance Cameron’s aura. It might even make the bandbox a more intimidating venue. But that’s overlooking the side effect of moving graduate students—namely, that the undergraduates who sit behind the scorer’s table will no longer be there. While they’re standing on the top row of the section and watching from the corners of the non-TV side, they’ll be replaced by members of the Legacy Fund, the boosters who donate at least $1 million to Duke Basketball. That is, the people on the padded seats will sit on their hands, and on one side, they will be closer to the court than boisterous undergrads who want to do no such thing. Before I proceed any further, let’s stop and stereotype the students who watch basketball games courtside in Cameron. There are the undergraduates who go to Section 17,
September 22, 2009
Sophomore setter Kellie Catanach was named ACC Player of the Week after helping Duke to three victories at the Black and Gold Challenge over the weekend
Blue Devils look to rebound
See Cohen on page 7
Chase Olivieri/Chronicle File Photo
Students have sat behind the scorer’s table, within feet of the Duke and visiting benches, for years.
Simeon law/Chronicle file photo
Duke goalkeeper James Belshaw (00, center) leads a strong Blue Devil defense into its first home game in two weeks, a 7 p.m. contest against UNC-Wilmington. by Vignesh Nathan The chronicle
In its last two games, Duke has hit the road for two challenging ACC contests, at No. 16 Virginia and No. 3 North Carolina. Tuesday, the Blue Devils hope they get a bit of a breather as they return to Durham. The No. 12 Blue Devils (4-1-0) look to bounce back after a tough loss against the Tar Heels when they face UNC-Wilmington Tuesday night at 7 p.m. at Koskinen Stadium. The last time UNCW these two teams met, vs. in 2007, Duke won No. 12 by an impressive Duke five-goal margin. The Blue Devils TUESDAY, 7 p.m. will have to be careKoskinen Stadium ful against UNCWilmington. The Seahawks return ten members of last year’s starting lineup, including Shawn Guderian, who leads the team with four goals so far this season. Additionally, UNC-Wilmington (41-1) has started the season well. The Seahawks have even beaten UNCGreensboro earlier this season—the team that Duke lost to in the NCAA Tournament last year. “[UNC-W players] are very physical, fit and work hard for each other,” head coach John Kerr said. “They are very organized, which makes it very difficult to break them down defensively. It’s not going to be an easy game.” Duke looks to be more aggressive on offense Tuesday than it was in a loss last weekend. During Friday’s defeat in Chapel Hill, the Blue Devils were outshot 5-0 in the first half, and that statistic ended up 17-5 in North Carolina’s favor for the game.
Duke improved significantly in the second half against the Tar Heels, and Ryan Finley scored the team’s only goal, but the Blue Devils hope to come out strong right away tonight. “In practice, we talked about starting out as strong as possible,” forward Graham Oxley said. “In the past, we’ve been more of a second-half team, and that’s something we look to change.” As he looks forward to the rest of the season, Kerr wants the team to capitalize more on offense. The Blue Devils had several late chances to tie the game Friday, but were unable to do so. “We have to be more positive in the final third [of the field],” Kerr said. “When we cross over the halfway line, we need to know our ideas going forward.” It will be difficult for Duke to improve
on its already stellar defense. While the Blue Devils struggled to maintain possession against North Carolina, their defense held firm for most of the game. Five games into the season, including two games against top-20 teams Virginia and North Carolina, the Blue Devils have only allowed an average of 0.60 goals per game. “Defense wins championships,” Kerr said, “We have been preaching a lot of defense for our approach to the season. If we can get the defensive part of our scheme right, I know that we have the offensive firepower to score goals.” The Blue Devils are heading towards the most difficult part of their season, with more challenging conference matches coming up soon. But first, they will have their hands full with UNC-Wilmington.
Glen Gutterson/Chronicle file Photo
Sophomore forward Graham Oxley hopes to ignite Duke’s offense as the team takes on UNC-Wilmington tonight.
TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 2009 | 7
Cohen from page 6 better known as the TV side. They stand 90 minutes before the game. Some wear face paint and most leave with aching calves. There are the graduate students who sit behind the end zone and distract opponents from making free throws, sometimes by reading this very newspaper. (Hey, at least that makes someone!) Then, there are the undergraduates who choose to watch the game from the non-TV side, between the scorer’s table and the visitor’s bench, where, if the Crazies are quiet enough, it’s possible to hear Mike Krzyzewski profusely compliment the referees. Full disclosure: When I’m not on press row, I’m one who prefers the non-TV side. So do a lot of other students. We wait for those seats, and we choose to sit there even when there’s plenty of room on the other side. Everyone has different reasons, but I would guess that most do it because they like watching basketball without jumping up and down for two hours, and they like watching Duke without sitting next to people who are green enough to get excited about summoning Crazy Towel Guy. It’s not required that students sit on the TV side to watch Duke play basketball in the best college arena in the country, and at least for me, that unadvertised break from conformity is a point of pride. Call these people the unsilent minority, because some of Duke’s most ardent fans sit in Section 19. In 2005, after he was ejected from a game, Virginia Tech head coach Seth Greenberg publicly bemoaned the Cameron Crazies—the ones sitting behind him, not across. Last season, in the post-game handshake line, Georgetown freshman Greg Monroe kindly requested to a group of students behind the scorer’s table that they pipe down, please. (Except, you know, the request wasn’t so kind. And he didn’t say please.) Perhaps the most diehard undergraduate basketball fans in the last 30 years—the students sometimes credited with being the first Cameron Crazies—haunted the non-TV side. They belonged to a selective living group called Bunch of Guys (BOG), and while you might not remember them from the 1980s, Krzyzewski certainly does. There’s a BOG sweatshirt hanging somewhere in his closet, he told me last year. This is all to say, fans who sit on the non-TV side also have a practical effect on the game. And sticking them in the back corners of the TV side just to make room for some alumni seems counterintuitive in a stadium correctly recognized for its commitment to undergraduates. I’m not naïve enough to advocate for giving students every seat in Cameron’s lower bowl, mostly because students come nowhere close to filling Section 17. For years, undergraduates have been threatened with losing seats, and for years, they haven’t responded, excluding a few notable games every season. Plus, it’s obvious that there needs to be some sort of revenue stream for Cameron’s courtside seats. So, if there is one, let’s try to come up with a solution! Everyone I’ve talked with has trouble coming up with a viable answer, one that accommodates boosters, sponsors and the loud, loyal undergrads, the ones who routinely fill their section regardless of the attendance on the other side. That is, after all, why I’m writing. If there were a markedly better plan, it already would have been implemented. One idea would be to not change anything at all. It would accomplish nothing, but not moving anyone wouldn’t make Cameron any worse, and it’s not like Duke was at any competitive disadvantage the way things were. Eight ACC teams played the Blue Devils in Cameron last year. In their seven other conference road games, those teams shot free throws at a 70.7 percent clip in the first half and a 70.6 percent rate in the second half. In Cameron, they shot 70 percent in the first half and—get this—67.6 percent in the second half. Shooting into the boosters, they performed worse, at least last year. That statistic is dependent on plenty of variables and, of course, graduate students could make that second-half percentage even lower. But it’s not like Duke was hard-pressed to change in the first place. Doing nothing isn’t going to happen, though, so it’s worth trying to think of something that might. (And if you’re as impassioned about this, e-mail me your best ideas, and we’ll crowdsource this bad boy, just like they did in the old days.) My plan: reserve a strip of seats—six to a row, eight rows up—for undergraduates directly behind the scorer’s table, where they used to be. Such a strategy rewards those who wait in line for the seats they cherish, and it does nothing to take pads away from the Legacy Fund, which can simply move one section closer to the lobby. More than anything, it puts students front and center on all sides of the court. It’s not perfect, and it requires flexibility on a game-by-game basis, but it just might work. In the meantime, I’ll see you at gas stations around town scratching off lottery tickets. I hear that’s the quickest way to make $1 million.
Michael Naclerio/Chronicle File Photo
Students on the non-TV side sit within shouting distance of visiting players and coaches, including Wake Forest head coach Dino Gaudio.
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8 | TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 2009 the chronicle
making the grade
EXAM NO. 3: The Kansas Jayhawks
Not so hot, but what can we expect at this point? Jay Hollingsworth led the team with 38 yards on nine carries, and Re’quan Boyette could only muster nine yards on four attempts. During his halftime interview, David Cutcliffe talked about how bad the blocking was and how inefficient it had made the running game. Nothing changed for Duke during the second half, though, and the Blue Devils finished the game running for a paltry 2.9 yards per carry.
If Thaddeus Lewis’s play Saturday is any indicator of the future, the Sean Renfree Era may be coming sooner than you think. Lewis looked hurried in the pocket the entire game, he failed to convert on an interminable number of third downs and he threw for two interceptions—one of which was a pick-six. Renfree, on the other hand, while not spectacular, definitely looked like the better quarterback. He threw for 115 yards on 23 passes during his appearances in the game.
X’s & O’s:
The offense looked rushed all game and could never get a big gain, with the exception of Austin Kelly’s 66-yard catch on the first play from scrimmage. Constant reshuffling of the two quarterbacks never allowed the team to get in a flow, and a nonexistent running game never gave it any balance.
No one on Kansas is a dominant runner, and Duke performed adequately in stopping any that tried to be. Toben Opurum was held to 72 yards on 17 carries, and Jake Sharp, who had 12 touchdowns last season, could only run for 13 yards on five carries. The rushing defense did not strike any fear into the Jayhawks, though—only three times were they tackled for a loss.
It’s tough to say how the secondary played—in its first real test against a throwing team, it had to perform well against one of the best quarterbacks in the country in Todd Reesing. Still, they didn’t hurt in helping make Reesing look very good. He passed for 338 yards and three touchdowns, making all of his throws with seemingly all the time in the world.
X’s & O’s:
Kansas has an offense that can compete with any team in college football. So, to blame the Blue Devils’ defense for the 44 points scored on them may be presumptious. Regardless, the defense never caused a Jayhawk turnover and only sacked Reesing once. It’s difficult to beat a ranked team on the road without disrupting the other team’s offense at all.
Highest marks: WR Austin Kelly
Hit the books: RB Re’quan Boyette
He was a part of Duke’s first play of the day, and arguably its best. Coming off a slant pattern on a throw by Lewis, Kelly found a seam in the defense and raced 66 yards down the field before finally being tackled on the 21yard line, setting up a Lewis touchdown run. Kelly finished the game with five catches for 98 yards.
The senior has been underwhelming this year, to say the least. Saturday was no different. Boyette rushed for nine yards on four carries-—that’s 1.8 yards per carry. If Duke is to have any running game going forward in the season, the former co-captain must step up. — by Andy Moore
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Join the Board of Directors of a million-dollar-a-year organization. The Chronicle’s publisher, Duke Student Publishing Company Inc. (DSPC), is looking for an undergraduate student to join its Board of Directors. Candidates should be available for a two-year term starting this fall. Members gain real-world business experience as they help guide the campus news media into the future.
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DSPC, a North Carolina nonprofit corporation, is neither governed nor funded by Duke University. Please send a resume and a cover letter to Rich Rubin, chair of the nominating committee, at firstname.lastname@example.org
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TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 2009 | 9
Diversions Shoe Chris Cassatt and Gary Brookins
Dilbert Scott Adams
Doonesbury Garry Trudeau
The Chronicle Things we like in jars: preserved duck eggs:������������������������������������������� hon, clee, bonnie pig’s feet:�������������������������������������������������������������������������will, emme children:������������������������������������������������������������������������������� rAc, zAc Sushi:��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� shuchi gefilte fish and kosher dills:�������������������������������� gabe, amoore, JP boats, duhh:������������������������������������ naclerio, addison, libby, lauren This is pointless:������������������������������������������������������������������������klein I don’t know:��������������������������������������������������������������ashley, tiffany Barb Starbuck, really, can we stop?:����������������������������������������� Barb
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The Independent Daily at Duke University
10 | TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 2009 the chronicle commentaries
Weathering the financial storm Two months after 295 bi- 26 years. They also have the weekly support staff opted opportunity to participate in for early retirement, a similar Duke’s retiree health insurproposal is on the table for a ance plan. different group of employees. More importantly, the The second time University will around, early renot be signifieditorial tirement incencantly hurt by tives target around 100 monthly retirements, as the employsalaried employees in an effort ees were only offered the into eliminate roughly $5 million centive if their position could from the University’s looming be eliminated or restructured $125 million budget deficit. without a serious impact on This second initiative is their department. another responsible effort on In the larger scheme, this the part of the administration plan reflects Duke’s committo manage the bleak econom- ment to keep the campus ic situation. Early retirement experience as unchanged as incentives have proven to be possible during the financial an effective way to cut costs crisis. Four weeks into classes, without laying off employees. we are happy to report that In addition, those who choose the administration has made to retire benefit from two good on this promise. weeks pay for each year they Our relatively stable fihave worked at Duke, up to nancial situation—compared
Let’s get Obama to fix Central RT @DukeChronicle: $55 million in federal stimulus funds have gone to Duke thus far.
—“d_ev” tweeting at us about the story “Duke’s stimulus funds flowing into medical research.” See more at www.twitter.com/dukechronicle.
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to other universities—has allowed the administration to make many smaller changes and cuts that collectively make a difference, but individually do not harm or impede the University’s educational mission. Unlike at rival institutions such as the nearby University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, which was forced to increase class sizes and reduce the number of available class sections, the classroom experience at Duke has remained virtually untouched. In order to maintain this stability, though, Duke must continue its efforts to make up for financial losses, and examining the University’s payroll is a good place to start. According to a study released in April by the Center for College Affordability and
Productivity, over the last 20 years, the increase in the hiring of full-time support staff, faculty and other personnel has greatly outpaced the increase in student enrollment. So far, Duke is on the right track with the early retirement incentives, and the administration has asked deans and vice presidents to encourage certain employees to retire. But given the circumstances, outside help could provide the best advice in this matter. Both UNC and Cornell University have hired the consulting firm Bain & Co. to examine their spending and administrative structure. A similar independent review process could help identify possible bloat at our own University. Overall, we commend the University’s response to
the financial crisis, both in its sensible budget cuts and in its open and honest communication with the Duke community. This is a huge improvement for an administration whose lack of candor and transparency mangled its response to the lacrosse case nearly four years ago. Despite the bleak situation, there is a silver lining. Duke has a solid fundraising structure, ranked 13th for alumni giving, and is showing signs of recovery. Donations picked up at the end of the last fiscal year and are currently 27 percent ahead of where they were at this point last year. Prudent spending coupled with robust alumni giving could put the University back in the black sooner than expected.
Pags out of the green
t’s always been difficult for me to discern the mentality of a typical Duke basketball fan, likely because I hail from Boston. The striking thing about Cameron Crazies, for me at least, is that they rarely publicly express discontent with their team. ben brostoff In Boston, vobro’s stuff calization of unhappiness with the local basketball team (or anything, for that matter) is close to a social norm; anyone of stature in Boston sports is likely to feel the wrath of the city at some point. Although it’s safe to say that those affiliated with Blue Devils basketball pretty much walk on water, the situation is altogether different in Boston. Therefore, when Steve Pagliuca, Trinity ’77, co-owner of the world champion (alright, onceremoved) Boston Celtics, announced his intent to run for the late Ted Kennedy’s open Senate seat on Friday and was met with general suspicion and hinted disdain via The Boston Globe, no one was totally shocked. It was only a year and change ago when Pags was one of Boston’s most beloved figures. In June 2008, Pags, fresh off the Celtics’ first title since 1986, was the toast of Beantown, praised for his extensive charity work and commitment to the Green. All of that might as well have been a decade ago. Pags is now merely a politician in the eyes of the media, and judged accordingly. In the last week, editorials in Globe magazine have accused him of looking like “an out of the closet dilettante,” compared him to business moguls “intoxicated by their private-sector success,” and questioned, “THIS is Camelot’s heir?” All of this hostility is understandable: Pagliuca’s success in sports and investing doesn’t mean we should give him a free pass when it comes to politics. From this point forward, he will never again receive the royal treatment he did at TD Banknorth Garden. So, why did he decide to run for office in the first place? Let’s cover the usual suspects first. Money and prestige were obviously not factors in this decision. Pagliuca is worth nearly $400 million and would be giving up significant financial opportunities by accepting a position in government (not to mention the millions he’ll spend by running). The prestige factor is at least plausible, but the fact remains that Pagliuca already is in excellent
standing in Boston (as well as nationally), and a Senate run is likely to garner accusations of hypocrisy and arrogance, as opposed to worldwide acclaim. This is not the type of Senate run we should merely attribute to egocentric desires for the spotlight (à la Curt Schilling); Pags is a fixture at Celtic games, but has never been, and never will be, Mark Cuban—the guy doesn’t even have a Twitter. No doubt, the motivation here probably is not something tangible. Pagliuca explains the origins of his new campaign by noting that “several prominent Democratic people in Boston” approached him to deliver the message that people were seeking a leader with “on-the-ground experience because of the bad economy.” If we are to totally believe Pags, he’s running to answer an entreaty for help. We need merely look to Pagliuca’s bachelor of arts degree to discredit this notion. Economic thought has for centuries worked to discredit the idea of people acting out of pure altruism. We would be naive to completely subscribe to Pags’ explanation; you would also be amiss in believing the far left’s call that he is just a self-absorbed Wall Street insider in need of a bigger stage. Pags is tough to peg in this respect. He’s a superstar private equity investor, who also happens to be chairman of the Boston Celtics Shamrock Foundation. He’s a frequent political donor who defies traditional classification in either of the two major parties (so torn is Pags politically that in 2002 he gave five grand to the GOP state committee a week after giving 10 to its Democratic rival). Coincidentally, he embodies some of the best and worst aspects of the similarly tough-to-peg Duke undergrad; an admirable ability to be involved in a number of influential organizations, combined with a less-than-admirable ability to toe the line between loyalty and ambition. It is this second characteristic Pags is currently catching flak for, while the first deserves to be equally recognized. Regardless of his political affiliation, Steve Pagliuca has sway with a number of respected groups—from the Boston Celtics to the World Economic Organization—precisely because he has been willing and ready to volunteer his time and effort to improve them. Pags certainly is acutely aware that Massachusetts is not Cameron Indoor Stadium; his every move will be subjected to intense scrutiny if he does capture Kennedy’s Senate seat in January. Cheers and boos aside, Pagliuca, unlike the team he works for, is not green. Ben Brostoff is a Trinity sophomore. His column runs every other Tuesday.
TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 2009 | 11
Rename Aycock dorm
“I want to lick the inside of your mouth”
ike most Duke guys on the dance floor, you’ll probably never be able to shake it. By “it” I don’t actually mean your booty on the dfloor, I mean some of the odd things you begin to do as a student at Duke University. We’re a different breed here. I hate to be the bearer of news that might not even really affect you all that much, but here it goes. I’m afraid that although you can take the anna sadler student out of Duke, you can’t take the Duke out of i’m not being that the student (that’s what way, but... she said?). When we continue to do some of the things we learn here, and apply them in the big girl (and big boy) world, people who went to normal schools might give us the stink eye. Let’s start with what Duke students choose to wear. The entire world takes its fashion cues from the pages of glamorous magazines (say, for instance, the creatively titled “Glamour”), where glossy ads feature chic trousers, shiny leather boots and luxurious cashmere sweaters. This is where I get confused. I know Duke students read these publications—I myself subscribe to several. I also know Duke students are observant. So, where do the leggings and UGG boots come from? All right, all right, I can’t be too harsh, considering I have sported this look many times myself (luckily, I have a cute butt). My concern is not for this outfit making its way to Perkins, but rather the moment it leaves an apartment that is not at the Belmont. Leggings aren’t even pants, much less beautifully tailored tweed trousers. This get-up will definitely puzzle a few CEOs in line at any Starbucks outside of Durham (come to think of it, probably in Durham too). Now, it isn’t just the ladies who are making daring fashion choices. Dudes: I’ve seen way too much flip-flop-andkhaki-pant action around this place. And what’s with the fratastic T-shirts and baggy sweatpants? It takes the same amount of effort to pull on sweatpants as it does to slip into
a sporty pair of seersuckers. I’m also going to be bold and suggest you dudes invest in an iron. Your current ensembles won’t translate well even to a company picnic. Of course, I can’t not mention Tailgate attire. The notion that rocking fairy wings, tie-dye and a tutu (shirt optional) to pre-football festivities is odd may come as a surprise to some students, but the looks I’ve gotten from families on my way to the Blue Zone told me that Dukies might be overdressed at a real tailgate (I mean, who wears a tutu AND fairy wings?). In addition to clothing styles, there are a few sleeping styles we might want to ditch when we no longer spend our nights in a bed within 3 feet of someone else’s. Ladies: Forget the creepy eye mask with the eyes printed on it to make it look like you’re really still awake (and like you’re on crack as well). Believe it or not, there is a time in the not so distant future when there won’t be another person switching lights on and off at 4 o’clock in the morning. It’s a magical world out there, and I’m hoping the magic will also eliminate the need for earplugs. I imagine most of the world sleeps with empty ears. And, with any luck, away from Duke’s campus you won’t need to drown out sounds of pleasure emanating from your roommate’s bed (or from the room down the hall for that matter). I think one of the greatest obstacles for Duke students to overcome will be realizing that acting like “you’re my best friend and I want to lick the inside of your mouth” toward someone when they’re out at night, but giving off the “do I know you?” vibe the next day is not socially acceptable anywhere but among the Blue Devils. Like my family has told me a ga-jillion times—lose the ’tude. We all want to make it in the real world. We all want to fit in. And you know what? I think that despite our eccentricities, we still can. Maybe other people think pants are necessary, or that you should be fully clothed for Tailgate. Maybe other people can sleep soundly every night unaided, and maybe other people are consistently courteous. But maybe those other people just aren’t as cool as we are, and don’t realize that we will be “forever Duke.” Anna Sadler is a Trinity sophomore. Her column runs every other Tuesday.
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ames matter, especially at Duke. It is all but impossible to go four years at our institution without coming across a slew of them—Baldwin, Keohane, McClendon and Biddle to name a few. These names ben bergmann should reflect not and will passo only famous or rich guest column donors, but also the values that the University holds. The name Aycock particularly sticks out—“up all night,” etc. But beyond the puns, students do not know this: Aycock was also a racist. An impressive orator, Charles Brantley Aycock helped lead the Democratic Party to victory on a platform of aggressive white supremacy, and played a role in leading the only successful coup d’état in American history. If you thought coup d’états only happened in developing countries, think again. On Nov. 10, 1898, an armed mob of at least 2,000 white supremacists, including Aycock, marched on the City Hall of Wilmington, N.C. and forced both black and white officials to resign and torched the office of a black-owned newspaper. After the Republican mayor was forced to resign, Alfred Moore Waddel, a former Democratic congressman was “elected” mayor of the city by a new city council. According to his biographer Oliver Orr, Jr., Aycock told the coup planners “to wear red shirts or carry guns” and to remember that “they must do these things to protect the white race, especially the white women, against the Negro.” By the end of the day, dozens of black citizens of Wilmington had been killed—some estimate well over 100. Wilmington had a large African-American population and had a robust biracial Republican Party that dominated the municipal government. An article published in a Wilmington black-owned newspaper that whites deemed offensive (and which had been sensationally re-published in white papers throughout the state) helped ignite the passions of the Nov. 10 coup. But it was Aycock, the party’s star speechmaker, and other Democratic Party orators who fueled the flames of white anger for months. In a speech a month before the riot in which speakers condemned the “negro domination” of Wilmington, Aycock proclaimed the city to be “the center of the white supremacy movement” in North Carolina. Once elected governor, Aycock diligently worked to protect and further entrench segregation in North Carolina. Like the slave owner who penned the words “all men are created equal” or the progressive internationalist who promoted democracy abroad while embracing the Jim Crow segregation that denied democracy to millions at home, Aycock is a problematic figure. His drive for equal education for all should be praised, and perhaps it should be noted that he advocated increased funding for black schools. But he was instrumental in denying blacks in North Carolina their full rights as citizens and was a firm supporter of school segregation. It’s time for North Carolina to reconsider the way in which the state honors Aycock. Currently, Aycock is honored with one of North Carolina’s two statues in the U.S. Capitol building. It’s time for that to change. Duke should take the lead in this conversation by changing the name of Aycock Dormitory, hopefully to honor someone whose legacy can inspire rather than embarrass future generations of Duke students. Ben Bergmann is a Trinity junior and president of Duke Democrats. Will Passo is a Trinity junior, Duke Democrats vice president of political affairs and Duke Student Government vice president of Durham and regional affairs.
arts.duke.edu Illusration by MK Reed
September 23 - September 29
12 | TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 2009 the chronicle
All events are free and open to the general public. Unless otherwise noted, screenings are at 8pm in the Griffith Film Theater, Bryan Center. (“White” = Richard White Auditorium, East Campus.)
Graphic Novelists! MK Reed, Liz Baillie, and Ken Dahl will read from their new books and discuss gender issues in comics. Light refreshments provided; books and comics available for purchase from the Gothic Bookshop. Sponsored by the Sallie Bingham Center for Women’s History and Culture at the Special Collections Library.
Tuesday, September 29 4-6 pm Perkins Library, Room 217
Events Wednesday, September 23 MUSIC. Jazz at the Mary Lou with Professor John Brown and his house band. 9:30 pm. Mary Lou Williams Center for Black Culture. Free. Friday, September 25 MUSIC. Benefit for the Durham Literacy Center. 9 pm. Duke Coffeehouse. Free for Duke students; $5 for general public. Saturday, September 26 MUSIC. WXDU 4th Annual Record Fair. Attracts a variety of record and CD dealers from North Carolina and throughout the Southeast. Rain date: October 3. 11 am – 5 pm. Duke Coffeehouse. Free. MUSIC. Faculty Recital: Twentieth Century Music for Saxophone and Piano. Susan Fancher, saxophone and Jane Hawkins, piano. Works by John Anthony Lennon, John Harbison, Neil Flory and Heitor Villa-Lobos. 8 pm. Nelson Music Room, East Duke Building. Free.
MUSIC. Starfucker with Deelay Ceelay. 9 pm. Duke Coffeehouse. Free for Duke students; $7 for general public. Sunday, September 27 MUSIC. Guest Recital: Thomas Otten, piano (UNC-Chapel Hill). Piano Préludes Book 2 by Debussy. 8 pm. Baldwin Auditorium. Free. Monday, September 28 THEATER. Second City 50th Anniversary Tour. 8 pm. Reynolds Theater. $5 for Duke students; $15 for general public. Tuesday, September 29 TALK. Graphic Novelists at the Libraries. Readings by graphic novelists Liz Baillie, Ken Dahl, and MK Reed, followed by a discussion. 4 pm. Perkins Library Room 217. Free.
9/23 Panel on Israeli Cinema (White) Israeli Filmmakers at Duke & AMES Presents. Filmmakers Avi Mograbi and Ram Loevy discuss Israeli documentaries and their politics of representation. Respondents: Prof. Rebecca Stein (Duke), Prof. Yaron Shemer (UNC), Prof. Shai Ginsburg (Duke). 9/24 Blood of a Poet + Picasso and Dance (excerpts) (Nasher) Picasso Film Series. 9/27 Food, Inc. (White) The Politics of Food. -- Discussion to follow in the Pink Parlor, East Duke Building! 9/28 The Secret of the Grain (8pm) French Film Series. 9/29 At the Death House Door (Rare Book Room, Perkins Library) Human Rights Film Series. -- Panel discussion to follow!