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The Chronicle T h e i n d e p e n d e n t d a i ly at D u k e U n i v e r s i t y

Wednesday, September 9, 2009

Students to face ‘Grand Challenges’


Tread the quad, cross the world

Senior runs for Trinity Heights post

New Pratt program adds social focus to curriculum

Neighbors say off-East relations are improving

by Sadhna Gupta

by Ian Rapoport

Engineering students now have an opportunity to graduate with distinction for addressing one of the 14 grand challenges identified by the National Academy of Engineering. The Grand Challenge Scholars program, a new initiative by the Pratt School of Engineering, is designed to expand the engineering curriculum to include social, ethical and environmental awareness of major engineering problems in the world, according to the program’s Web site. “This program is a tremendous opportunity for Pratt to show national leadership in the engineering field by taking one of the strengths of the Pratt school—its interdisciplinary curriculum—and tie it to one of the major opportunities for engineering, which is addressing the grand challenges,” Pratt Dean Tom Katsouleas said. Earlier last year, the NAE identified 14 societal problems that could be alleviated with the help of engineers to improve living standards. In response, Duke, the University of Southern California and Franklin W. Olin College of Engineering near Boston, Mass. hosted the Grand

Loud, unruly and disruptive parties have made the Trinity Heights neighborhood just off East Campus the scene of much tension between Duke students and long-term residents. But with relations improving and a Duke student running in the elections Saturday for the Trinity Heights Neighborhood Association’s board of directors, there is hope that relations between Duke students and their neighbors can improve. David Hershey, a senior living in Trinity Heights, hopes to become the second Duke student in two years to be named a member of the board. If elected this weekend, he wants to solidify the precedent of Duke students getting involved in Trinity Heights and show that students really want to be a part of the neighborhood, not just party there. “I am doing this because I want to be a part of my neighborhood as a Duke student, and so that more Duke students in the future will do that too and not just

The chronicle

The chronicle

See engineering on page 5

alejandro Boliviar/The Chronicle

Two students gather around the carbon footprint display on Main West Quadrangle Tuesday afternoon. The exhibit was organized as a part of Purple’s Environmental Awareness Day.

See election on page 4

New neuroscience major gains popularity by Ray Koh

The chronicle

Chronicle file photo

Engineering students who participate in the Grand Challenges Scholars program will tackle social problems discussed at last March’s NAE Grand Challenges Summit (pictured above).

Academic administrators hope that students with an intimate interest in the brain have found their niche with the new neuroscience major. This Fall marks the first time that undergraduates will be able to pursue a bachelor of arts or a bachelor of science degree in neuroscience after the Arts and Sciences Council approved the program in April. Neuroscience is attracting many students who are interested in the specific discipline, particularly those on a pre-medicine track, said Christina Williams, chair of the department of psychology and neuroscience. Twenty one students have already declared their major in neuroscience­—mostly juniors and seniors who have switched from other majors, Williams said. “We fully expect that number to grow as sophomores begin to declare majors next semester,” she added. In addition, she noted that the academic interest survey for the Class of 2013 found that approximately 9 percent of incoming students in the Trinity College of Arts and Sciences selected neuroscience as their first or second academic interest. Sophomore Aubrey Rho said she was originally interested in psychology but switched to neuroscience because she “wanted a more scientific approach to the study of brain.” Although neuroscience does not have its own department,


“By anyone’s reckoning, there is a very obvious problem with deer overpopulation”

­—Professor Norman Christensen on Duke Forest’s deer population. See story page 3

the program draws from a number of other disciplines—including biology, biomedical engineering and philosophy. It is administered with the help of the Duke Institute for Brain Sciences. The DIBS provides administrative staff, infrastructure and a place where those interested in neuroscience can seek help, Williams said. The Institute has also been holding information sessions to give advice on the curriculum and its structure, according to its Web site. Williams wrote in an e-mail that new labs, seminars and capstones will also be available starting as early as Spring 2010. The gateway course, “Biological Basis of Behavior,” will be offered beginning next summer. Many private research universities, large public schools and liberal arts institutions have adopted neuroscience majors in the past decade, said Leonard White, associate director of undergraduate studies in neuroscience. Sophomore Kate Pepper said she is interested in declaring the neuroscience major. “Because neuroscience is growing quickly and gaining more support, I think there will be many opportunities like research,” Pepper said. Duke was one of the first schools to create a neuroscience program for undergraduates, Williams noted. The University has had a certificate degree program for almost 20 years. In ad-

Volleyball: Enter the Rams Duke takes on its toughest opponent yet, Colorado State, Wednesday in Cameron, PAGE 7

See neuroscience on page 5

Madagascar travel ban lifted, Page 3

2 | Wednesday, sepTember 9, 2009

The ChroniCle






Top Pakistani official helped Iran create nuclear program

Woman from sunken ferry Sotomayor officially seated rescued after 30 hours at sea

Never mistake motion for action. — Ernest Hemingway

ZaMBoanGa CiTY, philippines — for 30 long hours, lita Casumlum bobbed in the churning seas. Buoyed by her life jacket, guzzling seawater, her face scorched by a relentless sun, she forced herself to concentrate on her husband and son as she prayed for her rescue. her pleas were answered Monday as a philippine air force helicopter plucked the 39-year-old homemaker to safety—a day after the Super ferry 9 sank off the country’s southern coast. Military gunboats, aircraft and cargo ships swarmed the area, pulling all but a handful of the more than 1,000 passengers to safety. only nine are confirmed dead; after Casumlum’s dramatic rescue, just one is still missing. “i just prayed and prayed hard that some ships or fishing boats or the navy would rescue me, but there was none,” she said from a hospital bed Tuesday.

ToDAy iN hiSTory 1944: Allied forces liberate Luxembourg during World War II

unusually direct claim of broad, official pakistani support for an iranian nuclear weapon. The interview with Khan was broadcast aug. 31 by aaj news Television. a translation of his remarks, describing covert purchases by iran of equipment through pakistan’s “reliable” suppliers in dubai, was prepared by the director of national intelligence’s open Source Center and posted Tuesday on Secrecy news, a blog of the federation of american Scientists. The pakistani government has repeatedly asserted that Khan acted alone in illicitly spreading nuclear weapons technology, and it has denied that there was official support for helping either iran’s nuclear program or north Korea’s. But Khan, who has spent the past several years under a form of house arrest, has long insisted privately that his contacts with both countries were approved by top military officials.

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“There’s always something happening at Tommy’s”

WaShinGTon — justice Sonia Sotomayor officially took her seat as the Supreme Court’s 111th member Tuesday in a tradition-laden ceremony witnessed by president Barack obama, vice president joe Biden and scores of relatives and friends. Sotomayor took her judicial oath and joined the court aug. 8, soon after her Senate confirmation. But Tuesday’s investiture ceremony marked the first time she joined her eight colleagues in the court’s historic chambers, with their marble columns and burgundy draperies. She sat in the black leather chair once occupied by Chief justice john Marshall, the leader who established the court’s authority as the final say on constitutional matters. Chief justice john G. roberts jr. administered the judicial oath, as he had when she was sworn in last month so that she could start work.

WaShinGTon — The creator of pakistan’s nuclear weapons program boasted in a recent television interview that he and other senior pakistani officials, eager to see iran develop nuclear weapons, years ago guided that country to a proven network of suppliers and helped advance its covert efforts. a.Q. Khan, whom Washington considers the world’s most ambitious proliferator of nuclear weapons technology, told a television interviewer in Karachi, pakistan, that if iran succeeds in “acquiring nuclear technology, we will be a strong bloc in the region to counter international pressure. iran’s nuclear capability will neutralize israel’s power.” although Khan has previously claimed nationalist and religious justifications for helping to spread sensitive technology, several experts said his latest statement was an



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the chronicle

Wednesday, September 9, 2009 | 3

University lifts Duke Forest opens for deer hunting Madagascar travel ban by Reed Few The chronicle

by Christina Peña The chronicle

Junior Kara Leimberger embarked Monday on an uncommon journey to Madagascar, a country which until last Thursday was on the Restricted Regions List. The International Travel Oversight Committee put Madagascar on its list of restricted regions Jan. 29 due to political unrest and did not rescind it from the list until Sep. 3, after the Department of State removed its travel alert. Leimberger is the only Duke student taking part in the study abroad opportunity this semester offered through Stony Brook University in New York, a program that only three other Duke students have taken part in since Fall 2005. “The decision to place Madagascar on the Restricted Regions List was taken because of massive demonstrations and unrest during a power struggle between the then president of Madagascar and the mayor of the capital Antananarivo,” Gilbert Merkx, vice provost for international affairs, wrote in an e-mail. “The president resigned, was replaced by the mayor, and there is now a power-sharing arrangement that will end in new elections. Public unrest has died down, and the situation is again peaceful.” The ITOC said in a statement Thursday that although safety concerns still exist, the threat to foreigners has decreased. Still, travelers are urged to take precautions by informing themselves of the situation in Madagascar prior to their departure. “The ITOC reviews changes in the world situation and TMP PRODUCTION NY013415B determines what areas will be restricted, and when restric5.625 x and 5” tions will be lifted,” Margaret NCROWLEY Riley, associate dean di3 rector of the Global Education kls/jbs/jb Office for Undergraduates,

Duke Forest will permit deer hunting for the second year to control deer overpopulation as part of a program organized by the North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission. Four out of six sections of the forest will be closed to the public Monday through Friday from Sept. 14 to Dec. 18 for the hunt, called the Deer Management Assistance Program. A 2005 study reported a density of 30 to 40 deer per square mile, with up to 80 per square mile in certain areas of the forest. The recommended density is 15 to 20 deer per square mile, said Marissa Hartzler, Duke Forest program coordinator. “By anyone’s reckoning, there is a very obvious problem with deer overpopulation,” said Norman Christensen, professor of ecology and founding dean of the Nicholas School of the Environment. He added that there are hundreds, and likely thousands, of deer roaming the forest, consuming, almost to extinction, some important species of herbs. About 75 deer were killed in last year’s hunt and more will likely be killed this year because the hunting area has been increased and more hunters will be involved, said Judson Edeburn, Duke Forest resource manager. Hunting on Fridays was not allowed last year, but will be permitted this year, Edeburn said. Meat that is not consumed by the hunters will be donated to organizations that feed the needy, he added. The hunt will be conducted by two private groups with liability insurance and rigorous training, Hartzler said, noting that contracts with these groups were signed last year. Only hunters approved by Duke Forest will be allowed to participate, she added. 9/11/2009 “Last year was very successful, and we had no safety issues whatsoever,” Hartzler said. Consulting ACCTRL0167

See hunting on page 6 See madagascar on page 6

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Duke university union

DUU launches ‘Football Fest’

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DUU members discussed a new event called the Bull City Football Fest at their weekly meeting Tuesday night. The Sept. 24 event, which will involve colloboration with N.C. Central, will be held at the Durham Bulls Athletic Park. by Dayna Uyeda The chronicle

Students now have another reason to celebrate football—aside from Tailgate. At their meeting Tuesday night, Duke University Union members announced the launch of the Bull City Football Fest Sept. 24, as part of an effort to collaborate with North Carolina Central University as well as involve the Durham community to celebrate Homecoming this year. “There’s never been an event, a pep rally, any sort of collaboration with Central,” said Special Projects Chair Christie Falco, a senior who is organizing the event. “Its very rare that we program off campus and cater it to Duke students. We give students an opportunity to,

in this very youth-centric environment, to get out into Durham.” Last year, the event started as “Roadblock,” an attempt to block off a street in downtown Durham solely for Duke Students to celebrate. But the event was canceled due to concerns about how the community would react to a Duke-exclusive event held in the city center. After a year of development and revamping Roadblock, “Football Fest” will take place in Durham Bulls Athletic Park as a collaboration between two rival universities and the community in which they reside. DUU’s interest in setting up an event focused on community and collectiveness in a loSee DUU on page 5

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election from page 1 be separate from the people around them,” Hershey said. Large off-campus parties in Trinity Heights have strained relationships between long-term residents and Duke students. In the past, long-term residents have complained about the disruptive noise, trash, large groups of drunken students and blocked driveways as a result of “party houses” in the neighborhood. A report prepared by the Trinity Heights Action Committee in February stated that the disruptions these parties cause “are intolerable for residents of adjacent properties.” The report also cited the frustration that comes with the need to “re-invent the wheel every year as students move in.” President Richard Brodhead and Durham Mayor Bill Bell exchanged letters on the issue later in the Spring, and in April Joe Meyerowitz, Pratt ’09, was elected to the board of the THNA. But the situation has improved gradually with the work of THNA, the University and the Durham Police Department. Police patrol the neighborhood at night, and there have been fewer incidents of unruly behavior as the year has begun. Many Duke students will even alert their neighbors when they plan to throw a party, said junior Will Passo, Duke Student Government vice president for Durham and Regional Affairs. “When [Trinity Heights residents] think of Duke, they think of these so-called ‘outrageous parties’ and we want to combat that perception, one step at a time,” he said. “Duke students

who live off campus have parties— that’s just a fact. But most of them do it in a safe and respectful way, and we can learn from them,” THNA President Christine Westfall said Trinity Heights and students have made strides in improving relations. She noted that having Meyerowitz on the board of directors last year was an important step in the advancement because he provided neighbors with a chance to relate and communicate with a student. Westfall said Duke’s Office of Student Affairs has been particularly helpful, utilizing a “knock-and-greet” program that brought people to approximately 60 Trinity Heights student houses to educate students on ways to effectively avoid getting into trouble with the neighbors. “The combined effort has laid a better groundwork for success,” she said. Although somewhat muted, the “party house” problems have not gone away. There are still a few houses that are the cause of frequent calls to the police and the neighborhood has not been without its complaints from long-term residents. The University also has not directly responded to the recommendations made by the Trinity Heights Action Committee, Westfall said. Both Westfall and Passo noted the importance of having a student like Hershey on the board who can act as a critical communication bridge between long-term residents and students who attend parties in Trinity Heights. Hershey said he is a strong proponent of increased interaction between long-term residents and students, and added that he hopes more events can be scheduled to stimulate this interaction.

the chronicle

Wednesday, September 9, 2009 | 5

Engineering from page 1

DUU from page 4

Challenges Summit, which took place at the Durham Performing Arts Center in March. The conference included lectures and student seminars related to the NAE grand challenges, which led to the development of a program directly affiliated with Pratt. The program is looking for engineering students who are interested in addressing one of the NAE challenges, which include reverse engineering the brain, preventing nuclear terrorism and designing affordable methods to capture solar energy. Each GC scholar must propose a five-component portfolio their junior year and complete a GC senior thesis in order to receive this distinction on their Duke transcript. The program will accept approximately five to 10 seniors and about 25 juniors to jumpstart the program in its first year, said Will Patrick, a senior who served as the student representative on Duke’s GC Scholars program committee. Every subsequent year, only juniors will be permitted to apply. “We need to get smart people to help us solve these problems, and Duke is a likely place to find talented students,” said Program Director William Reichert, a professor of biomedical engineering and chair of the National Grand Challenges Scholars steering committee. “Hopefully, if they get involved working on these grand challenges now, they will continue to work on them in their postgraduate, and if they go off to become doctors or business people, they will remain aware of these issues.” Duke and USC are currently the only two universities with active GC Scholar programs. A program at Arizona State University was recently approved, and approximately 15 other institutions are working on developing this program. The National Grand Challenges Scholars committee is currently working to build a network of about 50 GC programs across the nation, Reichert said. Patrick said he was one of the first students to approach Katsouleas about integrating other fields of study into the engineering curriculum. “This will give students additional ways to look at problems, rather than just the technical framework we are taught as engineers,” Patrick said. “This program is a great way for the engineering school to be more interdisciplinary with other schools because the grand challenges aren’t just problems for engineers—they relate to the other departments at Duke.” The purpose of the project was to generate discussion about engineering, said Randy Atkins, director of the Grand Challenges project and senior public relations officer for the NAE. “The grand challenges show you that you can change the world through engineering,” Atkins said. Patrick explained that the GC Scholars program is designed so that students who are already involved in programs such as Engineers Without Borders and the Smart Home Fellows can use these contributions to fulfill the GC requirements. To raise awareness of the Grand Challenges, Pratt will host various events and programs for students, Reichert said. In addition, the challenges have already made their way into the engineering curriculum. Freshman Frank Chang said he researched the challenges for a class. “[I] saw that some of them are very basic things like providing clean water to everybody,” Chang said. “This is definitely something everyone should have access to.” Reichert said administrators have been supportive of the program and added that the next step will be for the GC Scholars Program to reach out to the larger University community.

cation that is historically identified with Durham made the ballpark ideal, Falco said. The DBAP is expected to be filled with tables and chairs for students to come together, and activities ranging from local crafts to rock climbing will be offered. The event will also boast a stage featuring local performers and student groups, as well as a pep rally with both Duke football and N.C. Central football coaches present. The difference between Roadblock and Football Fest is the amount of support and sponsorship coming from the community and the city of Durham, said Vice President of Communications Karen Chen, a junior. “We’re doing a lot of collaboration between Duke athletics and [N.C.] Central athletics as well as with the Durham Chamber of Commerce and Durham Police Department. That’s different from last year,” Falco said. Falco added that not only will the Bull City Football

neuroscience from page 1 dition, the number of neuroscience faculty in Trinity, the Pratt School of Engineering and the School of Medicine has been steadily increasing. “We felt it was now time to step the program into a major,” Williams wrote in an e-mail. “The reason the major can get off the ground so quickly is that we have the infrastructure provided by the successful neuroscience program to build upon.” White said other interdisciplinary connections are also increasing rapidly with the neuroscience program, such as the one with the Fuqua School of Business, called “Neuroeconomics.” “There will be many opportunities for Duke students to minor in neuroscience and apply the fundamental knowledge to other programs,” he said. “Neuroeconomics shows collaboration between neuroscience and business—how the brain affects the way people make decisions, such as how they calculate risks.”

Fest involve the community in a University event, but it will also serve as an opportunity for N.C. Central students and Duke students to have a shared experience. Both Falco and DUU President Zach Perret, a senior, said they hope that with the hype of the football game and the collaboration of two universities in the same community, the event will be popular. “It’s going to be great for the University, for the Union, for the whole community. And it’s very different from the Duke-focused event of last year,” Perret said. “It’s going to be huge.” The Duke-N.C. Central collaboration will culminate in the first-ever Bull City Classic—a football game between the two universities in Wallace Wade Stadium Sept. 26. In other business: DUU will host a Homecoming scavenger hunt for four days during Homecoming week. Registration will begin next week and teams must have six to eight members. Scavenger hunt activities will be focused on Duke Spirit, Falco said.


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6 | Wednesday, September 9, 2009 the chronicle

hunting from page 3

madagascar from page 3

Hartzler said research being conducted in the forest will not be affected by the hunt. Researchers and teachers must notify the Duke Forest office before entering so that hunters will be aware of the presence of people. Hunters are also required to keep away from roads and trails, and warning signs will be posted at entrances to the forest. Other problems caused by deer overpopulation include car collisions and an increased risk of tick-borne diseases. Some people who live near the forest have also complained of deer invading their backyards, Hartzler said It is disputed whether larger numbers of deer pose a greater threat of Lyme disease, since researchers have found that the tick-borne illness is more prevalent in small mammals such as mice, Christensen said. He added that there is no doubt that deer can carry tick-borne diseases, most notably Rocky Mountain spotted fever. But for Christensen, the main concern about the program is whether it will really control overpopulation. “One concern is that if we reduce the size of the population inside the Duke Forest, deer from outside the forest will quickly fill the void,” he said. Senior Aaron Sandel, former president of Duke Students for the Protection of Animals, said the deer should not be killed for moral reasons. “Humans are overpopulated and causing damage to our environment, but I don’t think that justifies killing humans,” he said. “So, either overpopulation is not an excuse to kill deer, or we have to justify how humans are morally different from deer.”

wrote in an e-mail. “This is done in consultation, as appropriate, with regional experts, and referring to U.S. Department of State recommendations, as well as those from Canada, the United Kingdom, Australia and New Zealand, and with input from International SOS, who provides our safety and security insurance.” Patricia Wright, professor of anthropology and director of the Institute for the Conservation of Tropical Environments at Stony Brook, founded the Madagascar study abroad program at Stony Brook in 1993. A group of approximately 30 students earn 15 credits distributed among three courses—Biodiversity Methods, Comparative Ecosystems and Primate Behavior and Ecology—taught in English by doctoral-level research scientists from the U.S., Madagascar and Europe, in addition to participating in an independent study research project. Students spend part of their trip living and studying in the rainforest at Ranomafana National Park where they share the Centre ValBio, a research and training center, with scientists and staff doing biodiversity research. During other parts of the trip, students have shorter stays in other areas of the country for the purpose of introducing them to a variety of cultures, environments and biodiversity in Madagascar. Wright said she was inspired to create the program at Stony Brook after her research experience in Madagascar in 1990. “This experience jump-starts people into their lives, whether it be at Stony Brook, Duke or somewhere else,” Wright said. “We have an extraordinary list of alumni of the program all working in conservation and accomplishing incredible things. I want these students to choose

special to the Chronicle

Madagascar was removed from the University’s Restricted Regions List last Thursday. A Duke student studying abroad through a program offered through Stony Brook University in New York left for the country Monday. something that they’re intensely passionate about and going for it and this program provides that.” Liemberger said she heard about the program from a fellow Project WILD participant Emily Ice, a senior, who studied in Madagascar last Fall. “The program really gives you the experience of doing research in a jungle by yourself,” Ice said. “It never hit me how important conservation work is until I saw the jungle burning in front of me.” Alumni of the program include Martin Kratt, Trinity ’89, and Mark Erdmann, Trinity ’90. Kratt works on the PBS chil-

dren’s television shows Zoboomafoo, Kratt’s Creatures and Meet the Creatures. Erdmann earned a Ph.D. from University of California at Berkeley studying the conservation of coral reefs in Indonesia and discovered the first coelacanth, a primitive deep water sea fish, in Asian waters. “This program provides an incredible opportunity to learn about tropical biology and see these extraordinary plants and animals in this pristine rainforest,” Wright said. “They get to do all of this from a beautiful building built right into the rainforest where they get to see lemurs eye to eye.”



The chronicle

WEDNESDAY September 9, 2009

Find out why David Cutcliffe was looking for an ankle cast before he spoke to reporters Tuesday morning at the football team’s new practice facility

Stats don’t Blue Devils’ NGCA title streak ends reveal true story wOMeN’s GOLF

by Sabreena Merchant THE CHRONICLE

If there was any doubt heading into Saturday, it has been erased. David Cutcliffe knows quarterbacks. More specifically, he knows that three years of starting experience on the gridiron trumps a four-year layoff, even if you’ve been playing another Division I sport during that period. Back in April, some national media outlets questioned the head coach’s resistance to the idea of Greg Paulus Joe joining the Blue Devils as a quarterback. It’s Duke, Tony Kornheiser said on ESPN’s Pardon the Interruption—the Blue Devils could use all the help they could get. But Cutcliffe told the former Duke point guard he had spent too much time away from the game to quarterback the Blue Devils. When Paulus decided that was the only position he wanted to play, he went back home to play for Syracuse. And although No. 3—er, No. 2—did an excellent job managing the Orange’s game against Minnesota Saturday, at least until overtime, Duke quarterback Thaddeus Lewis validated Cutcliffe’s swift decision to turn Paulus down. Lewis threw for 350 yards and two touchdowns against Richmond, hitting Johnny Williams in stride for a 54-yard score and then leading an efficient fourth-quarter drive as the Blue Devils tried to overcome a 15-point deficit in the final minutes. But while Lewis showed why he was the clear choice to lead Duke, his performance still left significant room for improvement.



In its first tournament of the year, Duke bore the sign of something unfamiliar: growing pains. With only three returning golfers, the No. 10 Blue Devils are as inexperienced as they have been in recent memory. And without the veteran leadership of recently departed AllAmericans Amanda Blumenherst and Jennie Lee, that youth showed at the NGCA Match Play Championship in Daytona Beach, Fla. Led by freshman Lindy Duncan, Duke finished 10th out of 16 teams in the 36-hole qualifying round. By placing out of the top eight, the team was grouped in the consolation bracket, where it pulled out a third-place finish. Duke had previously won the event all five times it had participated, “We just shot ourselves in the foot— we got ourselves in the wrong bracket,” head coach Dan Brooks said. “We played enough good golf in the match play where had we been in the right bracket, it would have been exciting.” The Blue Devils defeated Colorado 5-0, but lost to Texas Christian 3-2 in a tight match Monday to earn a spot in the third-place game of the consolation pool against Kent State Tuesday. Senior Alison Whitaker led the way for Duke against the Golden Flashes and never trailed in her final round after taking a one-stroke lead with a birdie on the first hole. Duncan and fellow freshman Stacey Kim both fell behind within the first three holes, but fought their way back into the lead quickly, and neither player would relinquish their advantage in the final 11 holes. Courtney Ellenbogen picked up the final point for Duke in its 4-1 victory. Duncan was the only golfer to win all three of her matches, and also

chroNicle File Photo

senior Alison whitaker went 2-1 in match play this week and beat Kent state’s Mandi Morrow 5-and-3 Tuesday. paced Duke in qualifying with a 1-over 145 to finish in a tie for eighth place. Her fellow first-years each won two rounds of match play, and Ellenbogen took senior Yu Young Lee’s spot Monday and Tuesday after the upperclassman faltered in qualifying with a 14-over 158. “I’m out of the grapevine with these three freshman,” Brooks said. “We’ve got the leadership and we’ve got the youth. It’s an exciting team.” Unfortunately for the Blue Devils, a poor showing Sunday prevented the newcomers from getting a chance to compete for a real title as the team came out flat in

qualifiying. The Blue Devils finished the two rounds with a 30-over 606, 21 strokes back of Florida. Nevertheless, Brooks saw little reason to worry about one bad round, and took solace in his team’s improved performance over the course of the tournament as it moves on with its season. “If you happen to have all your off days for everybody on the same day, you end up with a day like Sunday,” he said. “We still stick with the plan. I don’t think anything changes. We’ll take it one step at a time, try not to be affected. “It’s just a tournament. Things happen.”


Duke faces Rams after tourney win

chroNicle File Photo

sophomore Amanda robertson, a middle blocker, made the alltournament team at last weekend’s dawgs Invitational in Athens, Ga.

The Blue Devils host Colorado State tonight at 7 p.m. in Cameron Indoor Stadium for what should be a trying home opener against an out-of-conference foe. Duke (5-1), coming off a sweep in the Dawgs Invitational in Athens, Ga., has momentum going into its first home match. With a .325 hitting perCSU centage, Duke’s offense is the best vs. in the ACC. The Blue Devils are the only Duke team in the conference with a hitting percentage over .300 and WEDNESDAY, 7 p.m. Cameron Indoor Stadium also have impressive showings in blocks, service aces and lowest opponent hitting percentage. ACC play begins Sept. 25 against Maryland. Sophomore Sophia Dunworth was named MVP of the Dawgs Invitational while recording a .529 hitting percentage and committing a mere three attack errors. Duke middle blockers Becci Burling and Amanda Robertson also made the all-tournament team. The duo has played efficiently and maintained a .330 hitting percentage on the season, but the Blue Devils will have

their hands full with the middle presence of the Rams (4-2). Ranked No. 24 in the preseason poll, Colorado State had a rough start to its season, losing matches to Oregon State and No. 19 Pepperdine, but has since won four straight matches. However, the Rams have yet to play away from home and Wednesday’s matchup will be their first test out of their comfortable home environment. Setter Evan Sanders, who averages 9.70 assists per set, is the strength of Colorado State’s offense. In addition, the Rams have advantages in their defense with strong players dominating the middle, averaging 2.45 stops per set. The Rams also boast impressive outside hitters Danielle Minch and Jacque Davisson, who both rank among the top five in the Mountain West in kills. Duke will also start its annual “Pennies for Points” campaign tonight, which is a charity drive to raise funds for multiple sclerosis research through small donations by the fans. The money raised goes directly to the MS Society and fans will have the opportunity to get involved throughout the entire season. —from staff reports

8 | WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 9, 2009 the chronicle

drews from page 7 It’s difficult to criticize a quarterback who threw for 350 yards, especially when his running backs gained a paltry 19 yards and his offensive line gave him little time to throw, but that is precisely why his performance must be open to scrutiny. He represents the team’s best chance to win, and the stats don’t fully reflect Lewis’ play Saturday. Aside from Duke’s two scoring drives, Lewis threw for 198 yards on 25-of-44 passing. He attempted a career-high 55 passes in the contest and so despite the high total yards, the Blue Devils actually averaged less yards per attempt and yards per completion than the Spiders. Lewis completed 62 percent of his passes, but many of those were screens that Richmond blew up for little or no gain. Duke converted just 2-of-11 third downs when it ran a passing play. In short, even though the stats suggest the passing game is the least of the Blue Devils’ worries—and at times, the play on the field confirmed that—it could have been better. “Competing is sustained. You don’t compete some of the time. That’s not the way you do things,” Cutcliffe said after the game. “Even though there was some success—we threw for 350 yards—we should have thrown for 500 yards.... If we’re going to be a passing football execute with precision and consistency, and we didn’t get that done.” That’s not to say that the blame rests entirely with Lewis. It doesn’t. But it’s time to realize there are certain areas where Duke is

going to struggle this year. The offensive line may improve throughout the season, but if it can’t stop the Spiders, it’s going to be overmatched against the likes of Virginia Tech and Miami. As a result, the running game may sputter, to the point that Cutcliffe jokingly questioned if his team even had a running game to reporters Tuesday. And special teams looked more like the unit that missed a quarter of its extra points in 2006 than the one that made 11-of-14 field goals from within 50 yards in 2008. At quarterback, however, the Blue Devils have the ability to be one of the best teams in the ACC. Lewis showed it in flashes Saturday. His second-quarter strike to Williams was perfect, and his surgical fourth-quarter drive, when he was 6-for-7 for 81 yards and a touchdown, showed how capable Duke’s offense can be when Lewis and his receivers are clicking. That didn’t happen frequently enough against the Spiders, though. Too many drives stalled in the red zone, and thanks to the Blue Devils’ kicking woes, they came away empty on those possessions. Lewis must be more consistent, showing that same accuracy he displayed in the fourth quarter throughout the game. If Duke is going to go to a bowl game this year, Lewis can’t just be good. He must be great. He has to throw for more yards than almost every other ACC quarterback. In the process, he has to lead the offense and fire up the fans—or at least keep them in Wallace Wade into the fourth quarter. Maybe Lewis could start with some floor-slapping.

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Thaddeus Lewis’ 350 yards passing against Richmond weren’t enough to earn Duke a win against the Spiders.

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the chronicle

WednesdayDAY, September 9, 2008 | 9

Diversions Shoe Chris Cassatt and Gary Brookins

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The Chronicle Our favorite czars: mao, duh. ...oh wait:������������������������������������������������������������������ hon The little caesar guy:�����������������������������������������������������������������emill Obama’s new “pie graph czar”:���������������������������� thoughtful euge Ivan the terrible:�������������������������������������������������������������ebray, sushi Steve Rattner made a good run:��������������������gabe, harrison, c.rod Whoever Anastasia was married to:��������������� larsa, mady ,lawson czars have low compatibility with safari:���� @alexklein, man18, cfoto Kenneth Feinberg! Now where’s my lamborghini?:������� Ash, Reed Barb Starbuck spells it T-S-A-R:������������������������������������������������� Barb

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The Independent Daily at Duke University

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10 | Wednesday, September 9, 2009

Why the referendum really matters The attention surround- a full member of the Board ing the upcoming DSG refer- of Trustees, not only does the endum has been misplaced. Young Trustee hold voting Although much of the power over major University recent public discourse has governance decisions, but he been focused or she is also on the relationthe only trusteditorial ship between ee to play the DSG and ICC, the major important role of connecting issue on the ballot is the trustee-level oversight with planned reform of Young student-level day-to-day expeTrustee selection. The vote rience. for the Special Secretary for Reform of the currently the Young Trustee Process flawed Young Trustee selecwill have more lasting impli- tion process is necessary. But cations, and it is simply more the proposed plan to enact important than whether or change is deeply flawed, and not ICC becomes indepen- for a number of reasons, it is dent of DSG. unlikely to bring legitimate, Handling the Young long-term reform. Trustee position is among First, the timeline of this the most important respon- process is rushed. Such a sibilities carried out by DSG, hefty task—re-envisioning if not the most important. As the Young Trustee by-laws

The first tailgate of the year was NOT significantly different and to call the event a “success” is really a shame considering the kind of behavior that was on display.

—”T12” commenting on the editorial “Tailgate or Tailgating?” See more at

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in accordance with extensive student feedback—will be nearly impossible for one individual to accomplish over the course of six weeks. An extended period to solicit opinions and consider future designs for the process is critical to ensure lasting reform. Successful overhauls are not done overnight, and the Young Trustee selection process is no exception. Moreover, it seems unwise to place the full weight of this major responsibility on the shoulders of just one person, the Special Secretary. A deliberative process with more than a single author would yield a more thorough and nuanced reform design. Second, it is extremely

problematic that such a powerful position is being selected during the Fall freshman Senate elections. The people most likely to participate in Monday’s election and cast their vote for the Special Secretary are first-year students—those least qualified to weigh in on Young Trustee reform. In addition, the more knowledgeable upperclassmen are less likely to participate if they are only selecting fillers for the few vacant Senate seats. Due to low turnout, low publicity and low public interest, this is simply the wrong election to vote for a position as important as the Special Secretary. Third, the objectivity of the leader slated to design

and run the process has yet to be established. Neither candidate for Special Secretary has yet committed—nor were they required by executive order—to recuse him- or herself from running for the Young Trustee position. This silence carries with it serious concerns about conflicts of interest that loom over the legitimacy of the process. The Young Trustee selection process has been broken for long enough, and we should take the time to create real reform. Students can all agree, it’s a job worth doing right. Will Robinson and Chelsea Goldstein recused themselves from this editorial due to ties with ICC and DSG respectively.

Bring back double standard


Est. 1905

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nything that goes to ePrint will be duplex,” read the Duke Student Government minutes from Sept. 27, 2006. Three years later, that dream has yet to be realized. Hundreds of Duke students have been subjected to double the carrying weight and double the paper cuts because of our collective failure to act. elad gross Coincidentally, kitty babies at that same meeting in 2006, the idea of the ePrint quota was first placed before DSG to curb wasteful printing. Today, that quota has become a staple of the DukeCard point system. This so-called “soft” quota is in fact no quota at all. Students can go through 1,800 pieces of paper per person before running out, and once remaining ePrint points reach $9, students can request an additional $10 ad infinitum. Essentially, the Duke student has no limit on his or her printing. Although the quota may increase awareness of paper usage, it does not confront the real issue: free riding on the paper trail. Does the typical paper waster print more than 1,800 pages? Probably not. But maybe that’s not to whom the policy is targeting. Student groups or individuals who routinely use paper flyers have a good chance of reaching the 1,800 page mark. OIT does take a shot at these groups on their Web site. The first ePrint guideline reads “Do not use printers as copiers. If you need multiple copies of a document, photocopy it.” A student who prints hundreds of flyers from ePrint is taking resources from the Duke community, imposing a financial cost that we all must eventually bear. In these cases of mass printing, does the soft quota have any effect when students can perpetually renew their printing points? Maybe instead, when groups place flyers up, they could also be required to provide DSG with a receipt showing the photocopies made. The cost to the student group will be around $10, whereas the cost to the student body of having the group print the flyers is the added strain on an ePrint system that seems ready to collapse at any inopportune moment. (At 11 p.m. Monday, OIT’s Web site reported that only 20 of 65 monitored printers were functioning without issue.) And such a policy doesn’t have to spell the end of flyering as we know it­—DSG could provide each student group with an allotment of free flyers per semester, based on the number of events the group holds. Flyers produced over that set value would require a payment by the student group to cover costs.

But perhaps an even better solution would entirely avoid the bureaucracy of DSG. Refund every student their ePrint money. Set prices for printing and copying at their proper levels. Only in the Gothic Wonderland are printed pages cheaper than photocopies. Students with extra cash will print, highlight and take notes atop their eReserve printouts. The most frugal segment of the student body will cease to print altogether, electing to read off the computer screen, handwriting term papers and saving their money for other purposes. But the magic occurs in the middle—groups of cooperating students will form around the new financial landscape where one student will print out the original document and make photocopies for other students in the same class. Such collaboration could develop into fullblown study sessions, improving the academic environment of Duke as a whole. Steve O’Donnell, OIT’s senior communications strategist, clarified some of OIT’s initiatives by email. “We do not have plans to move to a hard quota system at this time,” he said. O’Donnell could not confirm the cost differences between photocopying and printing at Duke, but did stress OIT’s commitment to duplex printing to reduce costs and waste. But some computers do not have a double-sided print option. The quick-use computers in Perkins Library, for example, cannot conveniently send jobs to print duplex. O’Donnell did say that there have been issues with a few computers, but that most lab computers should be printing double-sided as a default. O’Donnell asked that any computers not set to print duplex be reported to OIT. O’Donnell also pointed out the benefits of the current paper saving program. OIT’s Web site reports that total pages sent to print decreased by 25 percent, while total paper used decreased by 35 percent in the beginning of the 2007-2008 academic year. That translates to a 10 percent decrease in paper use because of duplex printing. Unfortunately, this data didn’t reflect the entire academic year, and it may not reflect the status of printing in 2009. In March 2007, Duke chose to test out the soft quota plan supported by DSG. If our student government had monitored their proposed ePrint regime, perhaps the program could have worked. Now we are left in many cases without duplex printing and with an ineffectual quota system. But rather than trust a failed coordinator, why not trust ourselves? If your computer can’t print duplex, let OIT know. If you need to print multiple copies, use a copy machine. If you want to really save paper, don’t print at all. Bottom line: the system should reward you for being good. Right now, the system benefits the free rider, and punishes the rest. Elad Gross is a Trinity senior. His column runs every Wednesday.

the chronicle

letterstotheeditor Tailgate is fun I am writing in response to Charlotte Simmons’ desecration of Duke culture in the Sept. 7 Monday, Monday column “Failgate.” Charlotte, whether you are a trendy grad student, or you just enjoy writing as a fake, extended metaphor, please stop. If the former is true, let me inform you that your column is supposed to bring glee to the general populace. As any fun-loving person will tell you, Monday mornings are the most miserable time of the week; they represent the longest wait until one can again renege on their responsibilities and enjoy the plethora of vices shunned upon during the work week. By writing under the title of “Monday, Monday” I hope you understand your personal responsibility to help make us laugh. Now Charlotte, I do not want to pull a Charlotte S. vs. Tailgate and unmercifully put you down, I simply want to help you by discussing the possible skew in your evidence. You write that “[t]here is nothing playful in dressing like a stripper or a prostitute,” and I respectfully disagree. Though I may have been inebriated, I failed to see one person without a giant smile pasted on their beer-soaked faces throughout the four hours of revelry. Even in past years the only people unhappy at Tailgate were those who had gotten tagged in the face by a beer. Most likely, their scowl was not due to their thoughts of Tailgate but that they had to temporarily stop partying. And yes, contrary to your belief, people would attend the hallowed Duke basketball game absolutely drunk. Do you think being a Cameron Crazie was started by the types of people who actually use reading period as a study time? No. Of course not. It was probably started by drunk fraternity members who thought being obnoxious, dressing up and drawing on themselves was a good idea. Similar to Tailgate, huh?

Well known or not, DukePerformances is selling tickets As Director of Duke Performances and a daily reader of The Chronicle, I am compelled to provide a bit of extra information regarding the recent editorial on Friday, Sept.4, titled “OSAF land hit with The Hub.” In that editorial Duke Performances is described as a program not very well known by students. While awareness of Duke Performances could always be greater at Duke and in Durham, we have made significant strides toward increasing visibility over the past three years. In 2008-2009 season, we sold just short of 9,000 tickets to Duke students who made up more than 30 percent of our overall audience. The quantity of tickets of student tickets sold is—by any measure— good at an institution with roughly 12,500 total students (in the 2008-2009 season, graduate students and undergraduates bought tickets at roughly the same rate). The percentage of students to audience bests Dartmouth College, Stanford University and the University of Pennsylvania—all top-tier institution who, like Duke, support a world-class performing arts presenter. All said, I am grateful that Duke Performances is part of the conversation on campus and in The Chronicle. As Duke Performance becomes more visible— through proximity to good-idea ventures like The Hub, as well as promotion of a more conventional variety—I urge Duke students to take the time to learn a bit more about the mind-blowing artists we bring to campus. The newly redesigned is a good place to start. Tickets are, of course, only $5 for Duke students, and the quality of performances is, in my experience, unparalleled by any other university in the nation. I trust that we will see numerous students, faculty, and staff (Duke employees will, going forward, receive a 10 percent discount on all ticket orders) at the more than 50 forward-thinking presentations Duke Performances is offering in 2009-2010.

Al Samost Pratt ’11

Aaron Greenwald Director, Duke Performances

f at first you don’t succeed then try, try again. However, if you have tried and tried again, and you are still failing out of Pratt, then switch. Quit! As W.C. Fields says, “There’s no point in being a damn fool about it.” As young people, we seem to get irrevocably convinced that quitting is equivalent to failure, and failure, of course, roughly equating to an apocalyptic end to the universe. Perhaps we believe this steffi decker mantra because quitters refuse to lose never win, and winners never quit. More likely though, it’s because “quitting—the breakfast of champions” or “quitting, M’mm, M’mm good” does not look as appealing on a poster in your high school classroom. Don’t be mistaken though, quitting is not always the answer and rarely should be your first answer; however, this column is an effort to afford quitting a more respected position in the options of life. We naturally associate quitting with defeat. But there is a key difference between quitting and defeat. Defeat requires someone else imposing victory, whereas quitting is a conscious choice that we make, or don’t make for that matter. I hate to be the bearer of bad news, but at some points in our lives, we will inevitably find ourselves in undesirable situations. Whether they are trivial like attending a party or joining a club, or more serious like getting stuck in a job, or worse, a marriage that does not fit, we are bound for situations that require action but encourage apathy. Regardless of how unfortunate a situation, the uncertainty of a change is so easily outweighed by the comfort of the familiar. And not to sound more alarms, but statistics suggest that as much as 50 percent of married people will endure a divorce if trends continue, and that the average U.S. worker changes careers several times during his or her

In defense of dance


lifetime. So odds are, at some point, each of us will be faced with the choice to stop doing (to quit) something of great significance in our lives. And if my math is correct, chances are that at least once we will all be quitters. For the perpetually overachieving Duke student, you might find it beneficial to start thinking of quitting as an ability rather than an inability, and a virtue, not a vice. It is easy to think that dropping a class, getting out of a relationship or changing majors are all forms of quitting—you couldn’t handle the demands of biology, couldn’t make the relationship work or couldn’t get the desired grades in Pratt. I am not going to tell you this is not quitting, because it is, but quitting is not failing, it’s choosing something else. At times, quitting can even demonstrate a higher level of capability than “sticking it out” shows. In other words, an average person can force himself to continue participating in a club, to maintain an unhealthy relationship or to memorize chemistry facts, but an exceptional person can evaluate his skills and appropriately apply his resources. The aptitude to match skills with challenges is fundamental to productivity and happiness in all facets of life. When challenges are too great and skills too low, or the opposite, it is nearly impossible to succeed or benefit from the experience. Therefore, remaining in a situation where skills and challenges misalign is neither beneficial nor enjoyable. Although counterintuitive, quitting is crucial to success. And contrary to popular belief, quitting is not the easiest thing to do; in fact, it’s usually the hardest. Moral of the story—don’t be afraid to say that “this is not right for me,” “this does not make me happy” or “this is not benefiting anyone.” Aka to quit. If you have not found comfort in this argument though, consider this—Jerry Seinfeld, Michael Jordan, Bill Gates, Barack Obama and yours truly—all quitters. At one point or another, each has quit something of significance in favor of something else. So at the very least, you’re not alone.

just think it’s disgusting, the way people dance in there. I mean, everybody’s all up on each other. It’s so... vulgar.” The above is just a minor excerpt of the conversation I overheard Friday morning as I silently rode the C-1, looking for anything to distract me from my extreme weariness. That opportunity came in the form of a discussion between two (presumably) freshman girls over their first trip to Shooters II the night before. Needless to say, their discussion consisted mostly of criticism of the establishment and the forms of chris bassil dance that take place there. It’s an experience shared true story across our generation, to be looked down upon for the pastime that we so aptly call “grinding.” Parents and chaperones alike always have at least a few words to offer on the subject, as if the disapproving glares were not in and of themselves enough. Most Duke students will remember the six inches rule from middle school, and anyone who walked my high school halls with me can recall the community-wide forum held on the subject after our first dance one year. One would ask why, but the answer is obvious. Anyone will concede that contemporary dance is infinitely more provocative and sexual in its form than the dances of our parents. As one of my high school teachers put it, we’re “just trying to get as close to having sex as we can without actually doing it.” But is that really so different from the way dance has ever been in the past? The appearance of it now is, of course, much more overt. In its function, however, has popular dance ever really been anything more than a method by which to relieve sexual tension, and maybe to find a mate? Think about it. Before our generation, there was Footloose (1984). The film, fairly successful at the box office and since then a cult classic, was centered around the idea of dance as a means of escape in an oppressively Christian city. When neither dance nor sex is permitted, the film takes on a frantic feel and is full of desperation. However, at the height of the movie, just when things are at their most tense, all is suddenly released in a climactic ecstasy of dance that leaves both the characters and the viewer with an immense feeling of relief. It’s difficult to draw any conclusion here other than one of dance as a means of sexual expression. Take it back another generation to the wildly popular Saturday Night Fever (1977), a film that encapsulated an era in which not only expression but partners could be won or lost on the dance floor. Sex runs more rampant here, and the lines between being someone’s dance partner and someone’s sexual partner are blurred more than once. That sentence alone could fit into any Sunday morning conversation concerning Shooters. It’s also worth mentioning that this film attempted to reflect the nightlife that many of our parents may have frequented, indicating that their dances and ours may not be so different in their aims after all. There’s further proof of the universality of dance as an outlet for pent-up sexual frustration in what one would think a much more unlikely source. Jane Austen’s “Pride and Prejudice” (taking place in 19th century England) is wrought with references to dances. A considerable amount of anxiety precedes each ball that is thrown in the book, the sense of which is only heightened during the scenes in which those balls take place. In fact, it’s only after the dances that one feels a release of tension and relief from strain, much like in the previously mentioned Kevin Bacon film. In fact, much of the courting that leads to marriage between the girls and their suitors is done on the dance floor. From this perspective, Austen’s dance culture begins to look a lot like our hook-up culture. In today’s terms, then, it would seem that dance is really no different than it has been for at least the past 200 years. In the course of our day-to-day lives we can all accumulate a sort of sexual frustration, the consistent release of which by the most obvious means is not always practical, healthy or good for one’s reputation. This, of course, presents a problem, as we all know what can happen when any kind of pressure builds for too long. So then we are stuck between a rock and a hard place, and dance gives us a legitimate way out. From Jane Austen to John Travolta to Shooters-going undergrads, dance has always provided us with a way to alleviate a little of that sexual tension, and will continue to do so.

Steffi Decker is Trinity senior. Her column runs every other Wednesday.

Chris Bassil is a Trinity sophomore. His column runs every other Wednesday.

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September 9, 2009 issue  

September 9th, 2009 issue of the Duke Chronicle

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