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The Chronicle




BRAVING A RECESSION Grads confront new reality by Lindsey Rupp THE CHRONICLE

Andrew Holmberg, Trinity ’09, was an economics and public policy double major. He had an internship at Dutko Worldwide, a lobbying firm that advises public and private sector organizations. He went through the on-campus recruitment process and spent eight weekends of his senior year flying from coast to coast for more than 100 interviews with companies from Google to accounting firms. But Holmberg—who may have been the ideal candidate for a spot on Wall Street only a year ago—never did land a job in the private financial sector. Instead, he is exploring an altogether different career opportunity—with the FBI. “The importance of public service is something I overlooked when I said, ‘I want to make $100,000 when I graduate,’” Holmberg said. “If you asked me a year ago, ‘Would I be working in the FBI?’ of course I would have said no. But I have a twoyear commitment where I not only have a job, I have a unique experience and I am able to serve my country.” Holmberg said pending completion of the security process, he will be doing work with the FBI similar to what he would have done for a finance company, but he does not have to worry about layoffs like his peers in the private sector. But that is assuming graduates of the Class of 2009 get jobs in finance—or any jobs at all, as they enter the workforce in the grimmest economic environment in recent history. Slim pickings April saw a 6.1 percent national unemployment rate for graduates of four-year institutions between 20 and 24 years old, the Wall Street Journal reported May 9. And the National Association of Colleges and Employers reports that companies say they will hire 22 percent fewer college graduates this year. SEE GRADUATES ON PAGE 17


Duke-Durham, DOWN AND OUT Employees bear brunt of Duke’s $50M cuts Duke is offering more retirement incentives to salaried employees in an effort to reduce its $125 million budget deficit. With endowment down 24%, DUMAC ups its cash liquidity DUMAC has made adjustments that will allow it to access up to $1 billion in 30 days. Durham braces for a smaller Duke A recent study shows the University generates about $3.4 billion annually for the city. Bull City car dealers staying in gear Despite widespread closings of GM and Chrysler dealerships nationwide, only one has shut down in Durham. PHOTO ILLUSTRATION BY MICHAEL NACLERIO/THE CHRONICLE

2 | WEDNESDAY, JULY 1, 2009


Send Home Wordle

A visual representation of the most frequently used words in this issue

summersessionroundup A visit by our nation’s 42nd commander-inchief and two women’s tennis national championships formed the highlights of Summer Session I. Student reports attempted abduction A student reported that a man attempted to force her into a truck near the intersection of LaSalle Street and Erwin Road around 2:30 a.m. May 8. The suspect is described as a Hispanic male driving a black pickup truck, according to a DukeAlert e-mail sent later that day.




Renovations aim to make Central more ‘livable’ Administration begins to add amenities including restaurant, common space

Tailgate parties on

DSG survey results indicate wide support for pre-game festivities


Swine flu outbreak plagues campus

Student Health documents 17 confirmed cases, quarantines campers

Q&A with Kevin Sowers

New CEO of Duke Hospital shares experiences, expectations




Duke’s Wikipedia page among the site’s best The “Duke University” page, created in 2002, is considered one of the best articles on Wikipedia

Swine Flu halts travel to Mexico Expressing concern over the potential danger posed by the H1N1 virus, commonly know as swine flu, University officials canceled the Duke in Mexico summer study abroad program. The International Travel Oversight Committee voted to ban travel to country, and the program was moved to Duke’s campus. An Arizona-based DukeEngage program originally cancelled its week-long excursion to Mexico when the University banned travel to the country, but later decided to go ahead with the trip when the ITOC removed Mexico from its restricted regions list May 15. Moneta to study abroad in Croatia Vice President for Student Affairs Larry Moneta announced that he would take a leave of absence Fall 2009 to travel to Croatia on a Fulbright research scholarship. Profs tapped for Obama administration Christopher Schroeder, the Charles S. Murphy professor of law and public policy studies, was nominated by President Barack Obama to serve as assistant attorney general for the Office of Legal Policy May 21. Schroeder previously served as the acting assistant attorney general for the Office of Legal Council during the Bill Clinton administration. Richard Newell, the Gendell associate professor of energy and environmental economics at the Nicholas School of the Environment, was nominated by Obama

to be administrator of the Environmental Information Administration May 18. The EIA serves as the official environmental statistic-gathering entity of the U.S. government. Cecil, team win NCAA tennis title The Duke Women’s Tennis team won the 2009 NCAA national title in College Station, Texas May 19. The No. 3 Blue Devils defeated the No. 8 University of California at Berkeley Golden Bears 4-0 at the George P. Mitchell Tennis Center on the Texas A&M University campus. In addition to playing a critical role in helping Duke win the national title, sophomore Mallory Cecil won the individual championship May 25. Cecil, ranked No. 5 in the tournament, defeated University of Miami junior Laura Vallverdu, who was not ranked, in straight sets, 7-5, 6-4. After arriving at Duke in January, Cecil earned an individual record of 32-4. Clinton, others honor Franklins Former president Bill Clinton was among the many guests who packed the Duke Chapel for “A Celebration of the Lives of John Hope and Aurelia Whittington Franklin” June 11. Clinton spoke fondly of John Hope Franklin, whom he awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1995. “He was a genius in being a passionate rationalist—an angry, happy man. A happy, angry man,” Clinton said of Franklin. Other speakers at the event included prominent attorney Vernon Jordan, a friend of both Clinton and Franklin, Duke President Richard Brodhead, trustee emerita Mary Duke Biddle Trent Semans and the Franklin’s friends and relatives. Halloween-style robbery on Central Two individuals reported a robbery at the intersection of Anderson and Yearby streets around 8:30 p.m. June 22, according to a DukeAlert e-mail sent later that night. The suspect, who fled into the Duke Gardens, was identified as a male wearing a Halloween mask.

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WEDNESDAY, JULY 1, 2009 | 3

Board of Trustees NEW CHAIR: DAN BLUE


Board is top priority Farmer comes full for new chair Blue circle as a Trustee by Toni Wei



by Naureen Khan THE CHRONICLE

In the Fall of 1978, a promising freshman who grew up in a Florida trailer park stepped onto Duke’s campus for the first time. During his four years as an undergraduate, he carved a path at the University all his own, working with impoverished migrant farm workers from Haiti, studying abroad for a semester in France, Paul Farmer briefly writing for The Chronicle’s arts and entertainment section and graduating with honors after earning his bachelor’s degree in anthropology. Thirty years later, renowned global health expert Paul Farmer, Trinity ’82, and founder of the non-profit Partners in Health, credits his Duke education for setting him on the path he follows today. This Fall, Farmer will begin a new chapter with the University—as one of the newest members of its Board of Trustees. “I have a deep debt of gratitude to Duke,” Farmer said. “I got involved in all the things that I’m doing now at Duke. Even interest in Haiti, that comes from Duke. Interest in the field that I would later pursue as a scholar—medical anthropology—started at Duke. Commitment to global health, to addressing health disparities—all of that started at Duke.” On the 38-member board composed largely of corporate executives and those who rose to fame and fortune within the financial sector, Farmer appears to be the exception to the rule. A champion for health care access and human rights in the developing world, Farmer skyrocketed to international prominence after being the subject of Tracy Kidder’s 2003

newtrustees Along with Paul Farmer, three other alumni begin their Board of Trustees terms July 1. >>Ralph Eads, Trinity ’81, is a Houston-based investment banker, and vice chairman of Jefferies & Co., Inc., which specializes in the oil and gas industry. >>Peter Kahn, Law ’76, is a law partner with the Washington, D.C. firm Williams and Connolly. >>Martha Monserrate, Engineering ’81 and Grad ’82, is the founder of consulting agency Environmental Excellence Engineering. >>New voting members include Ann Pelham, Trinity ’74, president of the Duke Alumni Association, who has served two years as an observer. Last year’s young trustees, Xing Zong, Grad ’08, and Ryan Todd, Trinity ’08, also assume voting status. >>Non-voting observers Hardy Vieux, Trinity ’93, Sunny Kantha, Trinity ’09, and James McDonald, Law ’09, join the Board this month. Kantha and McDonald were elected as young trustees in February. book, “Mountains Beyond Mountains: The Quest of Dr. Paul Farmer, A Man Who Could Cure the World.” “He brings exceptional talent,” said state Sen. Dan Blue, Law ’72 and the newly elected chair of the Board of Trustees. “When you start looking at this whole Duke service to society and you look at SEE FARMER ON PAGE 10

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Democratic state Sen. Dan Blue, Law ’73, is no stranger to making history. Blue, the first black chair of the Board of Trustees, was also the state legislature’s first black Speaker of the N.C. House of Representatives—a position he held from 1991 to 1994—and the first black president of the National Conference of State Legislatures. “I’m extremely honored to be the chair of the Duke Board—to come from being a plain Dan Blue and simple student, to lead the University policy-making board, it’s a lifetime honor for anybody I believe, and I especially feel very good about that,” Blue said. “I look at it first through those lens, but given Duke’s history in the South, you can’t help but reflect back a little bit on where we come from as an institution—it’s a pretty strong statement of where we are that those issues don’t matter in who we choose as a leader today.” Blue was elected chair at the Board’s May 8 meeting and begins his term today. Blue’s election has garnered praise from Durham as well as University leaders. “I think it’s a testament to Dan’s fortitude and insight—he has great skills and capability and is a proven leader,” said Durham Mayor Bill Bell, who worked with Blue last year on Barack Obama’s presidential campaign. “There’s not a question in my mind he deserves this position.” Before attending the School of Law, Blue earned a bachelor’s degree from North Carolina Central University in 1970. NCCU Chancellor Charlie Nelms said Blue has the experience and the record of service required to fulfill the responsibilities of the position.

“He is someone who is imminently qualified, well-versed in issues and he’s fulfilled leadership positions, so I think he’s a wonderful servant leader and it’s good for Duke, it’s good for the community and it’s good for society,” Nelms said. “I can assure you that NCCU is proud that an alumnus of this institution has an opportunity to serve at this level.” Blue first joined the board in 1995, completing the term of then-retiring trustuee Daniel Tostesen. In 1999, Blue was elected to two more six-year terms—the limit any person can consecutively serve on the Board—and served as vice chair of the Board alongside Richard Wagoner, Trinity ’75 and former General Motors chief executive officer. Blue has chaired the Board’s Business and Finance Committee and the Trusteeship Committee, and was a member of the Audit Committee. Blue’s term—as well as his tenure as chair—will expire in 2011. Blue said his policy-making role will not be drastically different as chair of the Board, because the Board takes a very collaborative approach to decisions. “[On] an exceptionally talented board such as ours, many people bring many skills and different perspectives but also great talent,” he said. “We call upon the board members on many things and match their talents with the needs of the University and the administration.” Currently a partner at the law firm Blue, Stephens & Fellers in Raleigh, Blue also served in the N.C. House from 1981 to 2002 and again from 2006 to 2009, last month he joined the N.C. Senate when he was appointed to fill the late Democratic state Sen. Vernon Malone’s vacated seat. “I certainly thought he’d go very far in politics—some of the jobs I thought he might aspire to are more important than

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4 | WEDNESDAY, JULY 1, 2009


Renovations aim to make Central more ‘livable’ by Toni Wei THE CHRONICLE


Planned renovations for Central Campus will cost between $12 and $15 million, officials said. With the development of New Campus put on hold for at least a decade, administrators said they hope the renovations will make students living on Central feel safer and more like a part of Duke’s community.

Central Campus will undergo major renovations to make it feel more like the home it will be to Duke students for at least another decade. In light of the University construction freeze that put the proposed plans for New Campus on hold, administrators are moving to address the concerns that have made Central an undesirable residence to many students. “I’d like [Central] to be both livable and feel like a part of Duke,” said Steve Nowicki, vice provost and dean of undergraduate education. “Equally importantly, it needs to feel like it’s part of Duke so students don’t feel like they’re in a random bedroom community.” Nowicki said discussions have made it clear there are four main things students dislike about Central—security, transportation, the absence of a social center and the lack of dining options. The University is already in the process of addressing the lack of food and social space on Central by moving Uncle Harry’s general store to make room for a new restaurant—scheduled to open later this Fall—which will serve beer and wine to the largley over-21 population that resides on Central. Uncle Harry’s will reopen in the nearby Mill Village, a series of old buildings currently used for storage, which will be renovated to provide common areas for students’ use. Although Mill Village plans have not been completely finalized, Nowicki said the new complex will probably include an exercise facility, meeting and study rooms with ePrint and wireless access and several outdoor spaces. Nowicki added that the Mill Village will also likely host a Duke University Police Department substation, similar to the one in Bell Tower dormitory on East Campus, in order

“I’d like [Central] to be both livable and feel like a part of Duke.” — Steve Nowicki, vice provost & dean of undergrad. education to give students a better sense of security. “Other things we’re going to do for security are to remind people that Central is not a dangerous place—the crime that happens there is usually petty larceny, which is just people stealing something,” he said. “I do understand that security is as much a matter of perception as reality, so we are going to do several things to change the perception of Central.” But DUPD Chief John Dailey said although the department has been allotted space on the middle campus, plans to add a hub are still subject to change. “We would prefer our officers to be out in the community interacting with the residents of Central Campus, so we will see how it fits into our general philosophy and practices,” Dailey said. Executive Vice President Tallman Trask said with a new police substation and new gates and fences, access to Central will be under stricter control than it is currently. Central Campus would potentially be surrounded by estate fencing with piers made of Duke stone or brick, Nowicki said. He added that well-lit paths are crucial to fostering a sense of safety. Although the new restaurant and proposed common spaces are scheduled to be completed this Fall, Trask said improvements to the apartments themselves will begin in a second phase of renovations starting next summer. This summer, two apartments will be renovated into model apartments so students will have the opportunity to look at the interiors over the course of the year, Vice President for Student Affairs Larry Moneta said. Among those renovations, the old appliances and fixtures will be replaced as well as fresh paint and new carpeting, Nowicki said. “It’s kind of going to give a much better sense of them being reasonably nice places,” he said. The social shift toward Central Administrators said they were in negotiations with several fraternities over the possibility of moving their sections to Central Campus, where they would join SHARE and Ubuntu, two selective living groups that will be making their homes on Central this Fall. SEE CENTRAL ON PAGE 7


WEDNESDAY, JULY 1, 2009 | 5

N.C. budget Spring program in LA nixed fails to draw consensus by Toni Wei


by Julius Jones THE CHRONICLE

Unable to close the largest budget shortfall in North Carolina history, state lawmakers passed an emergency measure to keep the government in business June 25. State law requires the legislature to plug the $4.7 billion hole in the 2009-2010 fiscal year budget by the end of the legislative session July 1. Although the North Carolina House of Representatives and the state Senate have each passed different versions of the budget, both bills use a combination of tax and fee increases and deep spending cuts to achieve this goal. Lawmakers in both chambers of the legislature have given themselves more time to reconcile the differences in their proposed budgets, as a compromise seems unlikely given the sharp disagreements over how best to close the budget gap. The continuing resolution will fund government at 85 percent of the current spending levels. Republicans in the legislature and Gov. Bev Perdue, a Democrat, have criticized the budget resolution, which was written by a legislature controlled by Democrats. Although Republicans have said the $800 million in tax and fee increases will hinder economic recovery, Perdue has called on the legislature to approve additional tax increases to avoid making steep cuts in education. “I applaud the General Assembly for their work to put a budget together. But in North Carolina we must act boldly to protect the classroom,” Perdue, a former public school teacher with a Ph.D. in education administration, said in a statement June 17. “We will cut deep. We will do more with less. But as state leaders, we cannot increase class size, we cannot lay off teachers and we cannot sacrifice our economic future.” SEE NC BUDGET ON PAGE 12

Some things have to get worse before they get better. While the Duke in Los Angeles program undergoes an expansion and transition from the Film/Video/ Digital Program to the Office of Study Abroad, it will go on a temporary hiatus and will not be offered for Spring 2010. “A decision was made earlier this Spring to transfer domestic off-campus programs to the Office of Study Abroad,” Margaret Riley, associate dean and director of Study Abroad, wrote in an e-mail. “The rationale behind the decision was an effort to centralize off-campus academic efforts and have the domestic programs benefit from the substantial experience of the [Study Abroad] team.” Duke in LA, an annual Spring semester study abroad program which bases participants at the University of Southern California, offers students four Duke credits. The program includes an internship at the heart of their desired industry under the guidance of FVD Faculty Director Jim Thompson.

The Duke in New York Arts & Media fall and summer programs and the Duke in New York Finance & Institutions spring program are also being transferred to Study Abroad, and will continue without interruption during the 2009-2010 school year. Students who had indicated interest in Duke in LA received an e-mail June 18 from Carolyn Leith, staff assistant for the Duke in LA program, informing them of the program’s sponsorship change and cancellation for next Spring. Duke in LA’s original offerings will remain the same, and two new faculty advisers, Pedro Lasch, assistant professor of the practice of visual arts, and Esther Gabara, associate professor of romance studies, will join the program when it resumes in Spring 2011, Leith wrote in the e-mail. She noted that the shift will allow students with interests outside of entertainment such as journalism, cultural studies and public and visual art, to take part in the program.


6 | WEDNESDAY, JULY 1, 2009



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WEDNESDAY, JULY 1, 2009 | 7

CENTRAL from page 4 “I’ve made it very clear to Campus Council that I don’t want them to exile a fraternity out to Central as a punishment,” Nowicki said. “I don’t want it to seem like a punishment—I’m looking for a socially responsible group, of which there are many, and we are willing to do what we can to work with them and incentivize the move.” Moneta said administrators were prepared to do what they could to optimize the environment for a fraternity, particularly in terms of good common space and location. “In some respects, Duke’s fraternities aren’t as well regarded for things they do beyond the social, and this is an opportunity to show things like philanthropy,” he said. Fraternities that choose to relocate to Central may also Low-end estimated cost of receive first pick of locations Phase I of New Campus when New Campus is eventually built. “That’s interesting because that won’t benefit the members now, but they might be willing to do this High-end estimated budget for future generations,” Nowicki said. for Central Campus upgrades Many of the changes being made this summer are unlikely to be completed by the time students move in this Fall, but students will find refinished basketball courts and a turf field in place of the current tennis courts on Central. Nowicki said administrators recognize Central’s overhaul as a top priority, and he is confident the University will not back out of the plans. “I’m pushing very hard to really push this along—I just keep pointing out that we can’t wait any longer,” he said. “Unless you can give me a really good reason why this can’t be done by a time, it has to be.”


400 million 15 million

A cheaper alternative to New Campus “[Planning for Central] started when it became apparent that we would not be able to build New Campus immediately,” Trask said. “It became clear we would not be able to let Central just sit there.” He added that without the delay of New Campus construction, many of the proposed changes to Central would probably not take place. Phase I of New Campus was expected to cost $400 to $450 million, but Central is budgeted between $12 and $15 million, Nowicki said. “On the one hand, that’s a heck of a lot of money, but on the other hand, that’s necessary to make Central better for a decade,” he added Once New Campus is built, Central will no longer house undergraduate students, but administrators said some parts may still be used for graduate or visiting faculty housing. “The investments really are short-term for the next generation or two of Duke students, not long-tern investments for the future,” he said. Trask said the University will probably stay within its current budget, although the most expensive parts of the plan have not been started. The project will be financed mainly through rent revenues, Moneta said, and will not detract from any other University projects or raise housing fees. “The money is basically money that can come from existing residence life resources,” Nowicki said. “When you pay rent to Duke, part of that is for maintenance of the facilities. There’s always a certain amount of capital in reserve for deferred maintenance, and they have accumulated some resources in that account to get us started.” Last Spring, the University hired consulting firm Hanbury Evans Wright Vlattas and Co. to meet with administrators and Central residents. Campus Council has collected data on students’ opinions of Central in an effort to determine what changes need to be made to the campus. “Everything we’ve done has been derived from intense conversations with students,” Moneta said. “We’re not just making this up as we go along.” Lindsey Rupp contributed reporting.

Music at Duke COURSES in MUSIC appropriate for First-Year Students First-Year Seminars Music 20S.01: Listen to Images, Look at Sound (ALP, W) TuTh 11:40 AM - 12:55 PM, Makiko Kawamoto Introduction to music and the visual arts from symphony to visual rock. Interaction of image and sound through historical-cultural, theoretical, aesthetic perspectives.

Music 49S.01: Composers of Influence (ALP) MW 4:25 PM - 5:40 PM, Harry Davidson (Music Director, Duke Symphony Orchestra) Four composers who are seminal in the development of Western art music: Bach, Beethoven, Wagner, and Stravinsky.

Music 49S.02: Orchestral Music (ALP) MW 10:05 AM - 11:20 AM, R. Larry Todd (Arts & Sciences Professor of Music) The orchestra, and orchestral music of Bach, Mozart, Mendelssohn, Mahler, Prokofiev, and others.

And Music’s Gateway course: Music 70: Music, Sound, and Style (ALP, CCI, CZ) TuTh 2:50 PM - 4:05 PM, Verena Mösenbichler (Incoming Director, Wind Symphony) Current pop, jazz, classical and world music through discussion of style, history, culture and taste.

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VA funds lag for undergrads by Lindsey Rupp THE CHRONICLE

The University has pledged $770,000 across all its schools to veterans as part of the Department of Veterans Affairs Yellow Ribbon Program. But only $15,000 will go to eligible undergraduate veterans—the bulk of the funds will go to those seeking graduate degrees. The schools decided individually how much money each “could afford to spend” and how many eligible veterans it would offer the money to, said Alison Rabil, assistant vice provost and director of Financial Aid. The initiative supports veterans who meet the maximum service requirements of the Post-9/11 GI Bill. The Pratt School of Engineering will provide $5,000 to one veteran and the Trinity College of Arts and Sciences pledged a total of $10,000 to two eligible veterans per year. But the Fuqua School of Business has offered the most so far with $17,500 per year going to each of its 25 qualifying veterans. Michael McInerney, outgoing president of the Student Veteran’s Association at Duke who graduated from the Terry Sanford Institute of Public Policy in May, said he was surprised the University did not allot more money for undergraduate use. “Out of that $770,000 that they came up with, it wouldn’t take much to really support the undergraduates,” McInerney said. “And they’re really in the most need because you can argue if you’re at Fuqua you’re going to see an immediate return on your money, but if you’re an undergraduate you’re starting out on the bottom rung somewhere.” The University is not the only private institution of its kind to offer aid. Many of Duke’s peer institutions have either offered more aid to undergraduates or offered less money to more eligible veterans. Harvard University has offered $3,000 to each of its 15 eligible undergraduate veterans and Dartmouth College has offered $19,223 per student to an unlimited number of qualifying undergraduate veterans, the VA Web site reports. SEE VETERANS ON PAGE 27

8 | WEDNESDAY, JULY 1, 2009


To the Class of 2013: On behalf of the Duke University Honor Council, congratulations and welcome to Duke University! You have already taken the first step in joining a community that truly values and celebrates a tradition of honor, and you will enter Duke University as an equal caretaker of the culture of honor that has been cultivated on this campus since its inception.

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The pledge that you make in signing the Community Standard is simple. Think of it as a code of conduct; it is a pledge not to lie, cheat or steal in your academic endeavors; to conduct yourself honorably in all your endeavors; and to act if the Standard is compromised. This last point refers to Duke University’s Obligation to Act, the expectation that students will take some form of action if confronted with a violation of this community’s principles. The action you choose is up to you. You are, after all, as much a caretaker of the well-being of this community as your neighbor.

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WEDNESDAY, JULY 1, 2009 | 9

Tailgate LDOC survey spurs alcohol debate parties on by Catherine Butsch THE CHRONICLE


The results are in, and the survey shows 57 percent of Duke undergraduates who responded see no problem with the current Tailgate. Duke Student Government sent a blast email to the University’s approximately 6,000 undergraduates June 8 surveying students’ opinions on Tailgate. The questionnaire garnered 1,326 total responses before it closed June 27, according to numbers compiled by DSG. Of those respondents, 69 percent indicated they attend Tailgate. “We know that the majority of our responders when we send out surveys like these are typically skewed—people who have a vested interest for or against Tailgate,” said DSG President Awa Nur, a senior. “But I do think [the survey] is representative of the people who have an interest in Tailgate.” According to the survey, 29.2 percent of students who responded that they do not attend Tailgate said they do not have a problem with its existence. “I thought it was fairly surprising that you had a significant proportion of students that are kind of ambivalent about [Tailgate] and don’t attend it,” said sophomore Pete Schork, DSG vice president for athletics and campus services. “As we expected, people who don’t attend Tailgate have a problem with the alcoholic nature, and it’s important to note that people aren’t saying we need to shut down Tailgate. It’s more like [they’re] not going to SEE TAILGATE ON PAGE 19

During this year’s Last Day of Classes celebration April 22, Tom Szigethy, associate dean and director of Duke’s Alcohol and Substance Abuse Prevention Center, came across a freshman passed out drunk on the ground. A group of students was standing near him, but no one had called Emergency Medical Services. The students said the freshman had been there for an hour but that he had “moved every once in a while,” so “he [was] okay,” Szigethy recalled. The associate dean made sure the student got medical attention. Szigethy said he repeatedly witnessed seriously inebriated students being ignored by their peers. The following Monday, April 27, he sent out a survey to the undergraduate student body to gauge students’ opinions about the purpose of LDOC. A total of 2,012 students completed the survey, Szigethy said, and approximately 28 percent of students’ responses reflected the viewpoint that LDOC “is great and nothing should change.” But about 40 percent of students felt that “there is too much drunkenness, too much alcohol, a few people making poor choices who ruin the event for the rest and not enough non-alcohol related alternatives,” Szigethy said. Released five days after LDOC, the survey also asked students, “what should be the purpose for a celebration of the last day of classes?” and “what hinders [those] goals?” Szigethy acknowledged that the results of the survey might have been somewhat


Third Eye Blind performs at the 2008 Last Day of Classes festivities. Officials said 2,012 students responded to a survey sent out April 27 asking for the students’ opinion on the nature of the event. tainted as a result of an e-mail sent out by former Duke Student Government President Jordan Giordano, Trinity ’09, which encouraged recipients to respond to the survey saying nothing should change. Giordano declined to comment for this story. The survey was issued to faculty before it was first sent out to students. For the most part, responses from the 109 faculty who completed the survey fell into two groups: those who had never attended and did not feel that it was a community event, and those who had been af-

fected negatively in their classes due either to students arriving to class intoxicated, drinking in class or not coming to class at all, said Dean of Students Sue Wasiolek. Some faculty said they would like to see the event moved to a non-class day so that academics would not be affected, but Szigethy said from a prevention standpoint, having LDOC on an actual class day is beneficial. He noted that drunkenness on LDOC may be less of a problem than it would be on a day with “absolutely no SEE LDOC ON PAGE 27

10 | WEDNESDAY, JULY 1, 2009

BLUE from page 3 the chair of the Board of Trustees,” said George Christie, James B. Duke professor of law and one of Blue’s former professors at Duke. “I thought he was destined for some serious positions in life, and in large part he’s accomplished that, he’s had a distinguished career.” Blue said he does not know whether he will pursue another term in the N.C. Senate when his current term ends next year. “I think the Senate is a very important calling, but I’ll be quite frank—I’m certainly considering helping to lead Duke to be the most important task at hand,” he said. Currently spending his time moving between his four offices, Blue said he was up to the challenge of taking on so many important roles. “It’s not difficult,” he said. “I learned a long time ago how to delegate and still get stuff done that you need to get done.” Blue’s political background is a marked change from that of previous Chair Robert Steel, Trinity ’73, who served as chief executive officer of Wachovia. “This is the first time Duke will have a prominent voice in the General Assembly,” said Phail Wynn, vice president for Durham and regional affairs. “He commands a great deal of respect and has high ethical standards.” Wynn added that Blue’s political connections will be advantageous to the Board. “He’s still very well-connected in Raleigh—locally as well as nationally—and can provide real help to Durham in terms of federal programs and federal dollars,” he said. “He brings a different network of connections.” Blue said his experience in politics may bring some perspective to the table other board members do not have from having to go out and explain issues to the electorate. He added, however, that he did not


think his political expertise will result in a change in the way the Board is governed. “I don’t think I’m that unique as far as Duke board members are concerned. I think all of us have an understanding of University constituencies,” he said. “It may be that I’m more in the public view, because I have set policy for the state, so from a visibility standpoint, I may make Duke more visible in those circles, but at the end of the day it’s about Duke.” Blue takes on the role of chair of the Board of Trustees at a challenging time for the University, as administrators attempt to eliminate a $125 million deficit. The Board approved a “flat” $1.8 billion budget for the 2009-2010 fiscal year at the same meeting in May during which Blue was elected the next chair. “[Duke is] still very much in a growing mode, and we have to make sure we help set the vision for it so it continues to grow in the best way possible and create the best place for these exceptionally talented students we have,” Blue said. “Whatever it takes in this age of competition and the challenge of financial resources, we are doing things that continue to have our University excel and exceed even some of the threshold expectations some of us may have set for it.” He added that in the current financial climate, it is especially important to focus on the University’s priorities, noting that the Board will ask the administration to ensure that decisions are “well thought-out.” “We use all of the resources to our best advantage and it’s terms like these that you go through and make sure where you’re spending the resources are the very best places to spend them,” Blue said. “To be as great of stewards of the University’s resources [as possible] and to be of assistance to the administration and basically ensure that Duke continues on its path of greatness—that’s what we think about with every decision that we make.”

FARMER from page 3 Farmer, you can see where it ties in totally with what we’re trying to accomplish.” Still, Farmer said he believes all of the diverse voices on the Board, regardless of their backgrounds, are interested in answering the same central question—“How can a modern research university address the problems of the world at-large?” “I think the basic goal of a research university is to learn how to link research and teaching—those main activities of a research university—to service, to addressing problems that are out there right now,” he said. “I imagine I’ve been invited because I care so much about how research universities fit into the world.” Farmer’s election to the Board comes four years after the University made civic engagement one of the centerpieces of its 2006 strategic plan “Making a Difference” and two years after the launch of DukeEngage—the University’s $30-million civic engagement initiative. “His perspective on education on health and society and especially his global health orientation will be extremely valuable to Duke as we continue to enhance our own aspirations,” said Michael Schoenfeld, vice president for public affairs and government relations. Farmer has watched many of the developments at the University in the past decade with enthusiasm, he said, coming back on several occasions to speak about global health at the request of his former colleague at the Harvard Medical Center, Victor Dzau, now the chancellor of health affairs at Duke. It was through Dzau that Farmer met President Richard Brodhead and was set on the path to becoming a full-fledged Trustee. “I haven’t found myself often going, ‘Gosh, I wish Duke hadn’t done that,”’ Farmer said. “The University is on firm

footing and on the right path that has been laid out over a long period of time... from a small institution with fairly basic teaching and training goals to a major research university that has an impact on the world at large.” As a self-professed “grateful alumnus,” Farmer said he hopes to focus his energies on the Board in enhancing high quality undergraduate teaching and scholarship as well as working closely with the Global Health Institute and the School of Medicine. His last official visit to his alma mater was in April 2008 to deliver the inaugural Global Health Lecture. “He’s going to bring not only a lot of his global health background, but a lot of himself,” Dzau said. “He is a passionate physician who cares about... society in general and that is an asset to any facility.” Farmer is not the first high-profile global health crusader to make the leap from non-profit work to higher education. His colleague and co-founder of Partners in Health, Jim Yong Kim, was named president of Dartmouth College last year. “I see these universities, including Duke, as a hotbed for leadership and in answering all of the big questions that I and many others have been asking,” Farmer said. “For both of us, this sort of involvement is a logical outcome for our long-standing commitment to education.” And when new freshmen step onto East Campus this Fall, they will be part of a group that Farmer believes is better prepared to face the challenges of the world than even their Duke predecessors. “When I go back to campus, I meet a lot of undergraduates who already know many things that it took me years to learn about the world,” Farmer said. “It just seems to be a larger part of the everyday concern of the University now.” Lindsey Rupp and Toni Wei contributed to the reporting for this article.



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NC BUDGET from page 5

Engineers devise new brain tumor treatment A team of Duke engineers has designed a new, minimally invasive way to treat brain tumors. The treatment outlined in the proof-of-concept study would combine chemotherapy drugs, carried through the bloodstream by heat-sensitive liposomes, with a catheter, which would generate a 3-D image of the tumor before generating heat that would allow the cancer-fighting drugs to be released directly to the site of the tumor. Carl Herickhoff, a fourthyear graduate student in the Pratt School of Engineering who assisted with the research, said this approach would have

fewer of the invasive side effects of surgery or traditional chemotherapy. The method would also help the chemotherapy drugs reach the tumor in greater concentrations, as experiments showed researchers could build a catheter small enough to inject directly into one of the brain’s blood vesels, which conventional therapy has not yet achieved, Herickhoff said. “The temperature increase would be about four degrees Celsius—enough to melt the liposome, but not enough to damage surrounding tissue,” Herickhoff said. “No one has tried this approach before in the brain.”

DUKE IN LA from page 5 The one-year break in the program will be used to expand the program to accommodate a wider range of interests, Riley said, adding that details of the transition are still being discussed. “The program, in its current configuration, has had difficulty recruiting adequate numbers of students in the past couple of years,” she said. “The intent is to revitalize the program through its reconfiguration so that it will be able to continue.” Junior Edie Wellman, who planned to participate in Duke in LA next Spring, said she does not think students would want to participate in the program unless they are interested in a career in the entertainment industry. “The problem is LA is a one-career city, there’s just no

Perdue has called for nearly $1 billion in additional revenue—most likely the result of tax increases—to help avoid cuts she says will “cripple education.” Currently, the legislature has appropriated $10.8 billion for education, totalling more than half the state’s $18.5 billion general fund budget. To generate public support for her plan, Perdue is barnstorming across the state, holding rallies in Raleigh, Greensboro, Charlotte, Asheville, Greenville and Wilmington. Republicans, however, oppose the large increase of taxes and fees, citing areas of wasteful spending that should be cut prior to any tax increases. House Finance committee member

Rep. Thom Tillis, R-Mecklenburg, said the budget is full of waste that was not removed during the budget process. “In the media, they are telling you that these taxes are to save programs that are vital to the public health,” he said. “What they are failing to tell you is that they have programs in the base budget that are not critical to health and public welfare.” In order to close the budget gap, the budget calls for increasing the highest income tax brackets, rasing the state sales tax from 6.75 percent to 7 percent and adding 1.5 percent to the state liquor tax rate. The budget also calls for the creation of new taxes, some of them the first of their kind in the United States. Warranties, installations, repairs and maintenance—such as those

other way of looking at it,” Wellman said. “You don’t go to LA for anything other than [the film and production business]—it does one thing and does it well. That’s why the program was originally [part of FVD].” Wellman added that she felt the original program did not preclude students with different interests from participating. Riley said given the small numbers of students who have participated in the program in the past, she thinks there are very few students who will be significantly impacted by the cancellation. “Hopefully, the few students who may find themselves in this situation will be able to reconfigure their academic program to adjust to this change in the schedule,” she said. “Alternatively, they might explore other programs that would offer something similar to what the Duke in LA program had to offer, if readjusting their schedule is not possible.”

given for automobiles—will be taxed as well as packages sent by local and interstate courier services like United Parcel Service and Federal Express. Additional taxes would also be applied to movie and amusement park tickets. Senate Minority Leader Phil Berger, R-Rockingham, said the “creative” new taxes will affect everyone in North Carolina— not just the wealthy, as Democrats claim. He noted that raising taxes during a recession will not help lift the state out of the current recession. “The economists tell us that when you are in a recession, increasing taxes creates a drag on the economy,” he said. “Not only is it not helpful, but some will argue that the increasing of taxes will only exasperate the recession.”

Although applications for the program are not due until early Fall, most students who would participate in Duke in LA this Spring were already well into planning for the experience, Wellman said. “I’d already started looking at housing, my family had already made plans and I overloaded last semester because I knew I needed to get certain credits in,” she said. “That’s where I want to be and where I want to learn and study. I’m not going to miss my senior year—you learn from experience and the idea of graduating from the bubble that is Duke and wandering into LA is not really how that city works.” Senior Margaret Skoglund, a Duke in LA participant in Spring 2008, said the industry is all about who you know, and Duke in LA’s cancellation will affect program alumni as well as potential participants. “For me, that’s a whole group of contacts I just lost,” she said. “It’s really unfair for them to cancel it this late.”

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Duke and Durham Employees bear brunt of Duke’s $50M cuts by Lindsey Rupp The chronicle

University officials have announced that Duke will offer a cash incentive to salary employees as it tries to reduce its human resources expenses even more. Although the University has already offered retirement incentives to 825 bi-weekly employees, the retirement package alone does not provide enough money for retirees to live on. As the next step to reduce its $125 million deficit and cut $50 million from the budget this year, University officials plan to offer an undecided amount of cash to some or all salaried employees who meet Duke’s requirements to retire—the Rule of 75, said Kyle Cavanaugh, vice president for human resources. An employee meets the Rule of 75 when his or her age and consecutive years of service sum to 75 or greater. Cavanaugh said more than 800 Duke employees meet the rule, adding that University officials are “in active discussions” about which positions they might offer an incentive to and how much money an incentive might include. “It would be a completely voluntary program, and the whole goal of these programs is to reduce the head count so we don’t have to do any involuntary separations,” Cavanaugh said. He added that he expects administrators to decide on a package in July following a final acceptance rate from the staff early retirement program. Eligible employees will likely receive an offer in August. The retirement incentives follow several other efforts to reduce the budget, including last academic year’s limited, one-time compensation for employees and the partial hiring freeze. The incentives also come as Harvard University announced June 23 that it would lay off 275 staff em-

ployees and 40 more employees will have their hours changed or reduced. Executive Vice President Tallman Trask said “there’s no immediate jeopardy” of job loss at Duke. Still, Cavanaugh said he could not rule out layoffs in the future. “I think it’s still a little too early to tell,” he said. “We’re working very, very hard to avoid having to do anything like that, but again, whether we have to do anything along those lines is contingent on how successful those other steps are.” So far, the early retirement incentive has exceeded administrators’ expectations. The package was available to staff employees paid on a bi-weekly basis who are at least 50 years old and have worked for 10 or more years at the University. The program has an approximately 17 percent acceptance rate, Cavanaugh said, which is well above the original 10 percent estimate. Trask said the more than 150 employees who have accepted the package as of June 24 puts the University on track to meet its goal of 200 acceptances. If 200 employees accept the incentive, it will cut $15 to $20 million from the operating budget, Trask said. Still, according to several staff employees both eligible and not, the package does not provide retirees with enough money to live on. Bi-weekly employees receive a basic pension plan upon retirement, and the monthly payment from Duke is “not enough to make ends meet,” said Gary Corona, a postal clerk who is not eligible for the incentive. Employees feel cutbacks Staff members said the people who accept the incentive will likely be those who are 62 or older and can draw social security benefits, those who are willing to work part-time or those who have an external source of income. Georgia Terrell, a senior lead food service worker who is eligible for the early retirement package but has decided to refuse it, said she would have to find an additional source of income if she took the incentive because she is not yet eligible for social security benefits. She said she would not willingly leave a job in this economy. See employees on page 19

With endowment down 24%, DUMAC ups its cash liquidity by Hon Lung Chu The chronicle

As of May 31, the University’s endowment value is down 24.5 percent from its June 30, 2008 value of $6.1 billion, Executive Vice President Tallman Trask said last Thursday. According to these figures, the most recently available, the endowment is now worth $4.6 billion. At the same time, the Duke University Management Company has increased its 30-day liquidity to $1 billion— funds available within 30 days—which is currently held in cash, stocks and high-grade bonds, said Trask, a member of DUMAC’s nine-person Board of Directors. “We got close to the point of not knowing whether we had any liquidity, which is why we borrowed the $500 million [in March] to make sure we have liquidity,” he said. “And now we’re convinced that now there is something like a billion dollars of rapid access liquidity in the pool.” Trask added that it is “inconceivable” to him that Duke would ever need $1 billion dollars within a week or a

month, and the main purpose of having the liquidity is to “reinvest when prudent.” The cost of restructuring Although high-grade bonds historically have lower risks than other investments, their returns are also among the lowest, said Barry Bryant, Trinity ’78, managing director of Dahab Associates, an investment consulting firm based in Bay Shore, N.Y. Bryant has also served as a financial consultant for the Board of Directors of the Duke Student Publishing Company, which publishes The Chronicle. According to the CME Barclays Capital U.S. Aggregate Bond Index, a widely accepted benchmark of bond performance, the average annual return on bonds is 7.6 percent in the last 10 years, Bryant said. He added that higher-risk investments such as private equity averaged 16.7 percent annual return in the last 20 years, and the Standard & See endowment on page 23

m, Down and Out Durham braces for a smaller Duke by Julius Jones The chronicle

During the deepest recession in recent memory, even the nation’s wealthiest universities are slashing their budgets and producing serious economic consequences for the communities in which they reside. The most recent economic impact study conducted by the Office of Public Affairs and Government Relations estimated that Duke generated an estimated $3.4 billion during the 2006-2007 fiscal year for the City and County of Durham economies. But with the University curtailing spending as it attempts to close a $125 million budget deficit over the next three years, there will be a decrease in local investment. Executive Vice President Tallman Trask said although the University will meet all of its current obligations and pledges in terms of investment, it will not be entering into any more commitments in the foreseeable future. “We made it clear in the beginning we would do our share, but now it’s time for others to do theirs,” he said. “There’s momentum downtown and other companies are moving down there and they wouldn’t have been if Duke hadn’t started five years ago.” Durham feels real estate pinch Given the size of the University’s investment in the community, especially in revitalizing downtown Durham, it is unlikely that another company or institution would be able to fill the gap. According to the study, Duke spent approximately $227 million on construction services alone in the 2006-2007 fiscal year. Casey Steinbacher, president and chief executive officer of the Durham Chamber of Commerce, said a large number of development projects in Durham can only begin because of Duke’s commitment to lease space in the new buildings

when construction is completed. “They have been very successful with their leasing program throughout Durham, and specifically downtown Durham, in using their leases to help development projects get off the ground,” she said, adding that Duke will help reverse the downward real estate cycle. Perhaps the most prominent example of Duke’s investment downtown is the American Tobacco Campus, where the University is the largest tenant. When Duke completes its previously planned move downtown, the 1 million sq.-ft. complex will be home to more than 500 employees. Bill Kalkhof, president of Downtown Durham, Inc., said without Duke, the American Tobacco Campus could not have existed. Currently, the University leases approximately 210,000 square feet of commercial space in the complex. “Duke has been the major player in helping the development of downtown Durham,” Kalkhof said. “Duke’s contribution to the ongoing revitalization of downtown has been remarkable and they are certainly one who deserves all the major credit.” Durham City Manager Tom Bonfield said many private companies— who often partner with the University to develop commercial property— have also abandoned new construction projects in Durham. It is unlikely See Durham on page 21

Bull City car dealers staying in gear by Julius Jones The chronicle

For a large part of the last century, General Motors was regarded as the world’s number one automaker. During the 1980s, former Chrysler chief executive officer Lee Iacocca had the Chrysler pentastar shining at its brightest. Now, the glory days of the Motor City are gone and the two Big Three car manufacturers have filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection— Chrysler April 30 and General Motors June 1. Chrysler is now owned by Italian automaker Fiat, the United Autoworkers Union and U.S. taxpayers. And GM North America will consist of four core brands, half the number that comprised the company before bankruptcy. But even as their parent companies face declining revenues from slumping new car sales, Durham dealerships appear to be faring well.

Only one GM or Chrysler dealership in the Bull City, Omakase Chrysler, was closed, although approximately 790 Chrysler and 1,100 General Motors dealerships nationwide shut their doors earlier this summer. Another, Hendrick Durham Auto Mall—which sold various GM brand vehicles including Buick, Chevrolet, Cadillac and GMC— was merged with Rick Hendrick Chevrolet in downtown Durham. Representatives from Hendrick Durham Auto Mall and Omakase Chrysler declined to comment for this story. Customers said they are still purchasing cars from GM, despite the company’s well-publicized bankruptcy, because of the quality of its cars and the service the company provides. “I’m not as concerned with a big company such See Dealerships on page 21

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WEDNESDAY, JULY 1, 2009 | 17

GRADUATES from page 1 Alex Bellis, Trinity ’09, is part of the unfortunate 22 percent. Bellis said she has wanted to work in advertising since her freshman year. She began her search last Fall, but remains unemployed. “Advertising is the first thing that companies cut from their budget in times of crisis, so many agencies were impacted,” Bellis wrote in an e-mail. “Though there are more and more jobs listed everyday, I have been surprised by how few entry-level positions there are out there.” Although Holmberg laughs about his frequent flier miles, he and many other graduates have learned how exhausting it is to send 100 resumes to employers in a week and only get three interviews, he said. “It’s frustrating because we all work really hard not only to get into Duke but also to get awards and graduate with a good GPA, and despite all the work we put in, there are low returns when you’re in the job market,” Holmberg said. “When a recruiter tells you, ‘If it were any other year...’ it’s really no consolation.” Some students are trying to avoid the work force altogether. It is difficult to know exactly what the Class of 2009 is doing now because of the low response rate to the senior survey, said William WrightSwadel, Fannie Mitchell executive director of career services. He noted that the low response rate may in part be due to seniors not yet knowing their plans. Wright-Swadel estimates that 30 percent of the Class of 2009 will go to graduate school in the Fall, including at least 30 or 40 who will attend a graduate business program. William Evans, Trinity ’09, will attend Georgetown Law in the Fall, as he has planned since high school. Evans said he

expects competition in and out of school to be tougher this year with increased applications and higher selectivity. He has already noticed fierce competition even for a summer job. “I always look for a job in the summer, and the classifieds used to be three or four pages long,” he said. “Now they’re a few paragraphs and they are jobs that have really obscure qualifications or they’re really high turnover jobs, like a retail job in a mall.” Branching out For those who are in the job market, Wright-Swadel said graduates must be open to different options. “Our students think there are three places in the universe—New York, Washington and wherever they’re from,” Wright-Swadel said. “I’m sorry, there are some really great opportunities... and students need to begin to look more broadly at where are the seminal job opportunities in the world market rather than simply, ‘What can I find in New York?’” To that end, 2009 graduates are quickly learning to be flexible and considering unconventional opportunities, career counselors at several universities said. Wright-Swadel and Tim Stiles, associate director of University Career Services at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, said they have seen increased interest in alternative career paths like public service and non-profit jobs. Barbara Hewitt, senior associate director of Career Services at the University of Pennsylvania who works with students from the Wharton School of Business, said she reminds students that every job is a learning opportunity. “Even if it’s just waiting tables, that can be very helpful for the future,” Hewitt said.

Adam Weiss, Trinity ’09, took a nontraditional route to his job as a bilingual third grade teacher. A political science and Spanish double major, Weiss applied for jobs at non-profit businesses and Teach For America. After taking additional summer certification courses, he quickly found a job. Weiss said there are still jobs available, but graduates need to be resourceful and look in lower-paying markets—like education—they might not have otherwise considered.

“I think getting a six-figure salary in five years almost seems like a myth now...” — Adam Weiss, Trinity ’09 “I think getting a six-figure salary in five years almost seems like a myth now, whereas when I started at Duke, it was understood that that was possible,” Weiss said. “It’s almost like we thought we were entitled to that.” The silver lining Non-profits, in particular, have become an attractive “Plan B” destination for graduates looking for temporary job security. Teach for America, a non-profit that recruits top college graduates to teach for two years in urban and rural public schools, has a record 35,000 applicants this year. Eleven percent of Duke seniors applied to TFA this past year, as did 11 percent of all Ivy League seniors, said Lorraine Anderson, managing director of regional communications. This, in turn, has made getting into organizations like TFA more competitive.

“It’s not enough to simply be a 3.7 from Duke in English Lit and assume that everyone in the world knows what that means,” Wright-Swadel said. “It’s really up to you to... differentiate [yourself], and it is going to come from not why you think you’d be a good TFA person... but what differentiates you from other students like yourself.” Since its inception in 1990, 300 Duke graduates have joined TFA, Anderson said. And for at least two years, TFA has been the single largest employer of the Duke graduates. Thirty graduates will join the 2009 corps in the Fall, she added. “In these challenging times, young people are taking time to evaluate what is really important to them and are seeing an opportunity to pursue more meaningful careers that they may not have considered previously,” Anderson said. One new corps member is Aileen Liu, an English major who graduated from Trinity in the Fall. Although many of her friends also applied to the program, Liu said TFA appealed to her because she was unsure of her plans after graduation. Liu said she agrees more people are working in non-profits, but added that she sees the increase as a trend rather than a shift in mindset. Graduates will continue to seek high-paying careers—particularly to pay back Duke’s price tag, she said. Holmberg, however, said he is lucky to have found an opportunity that is such a good fit for him, even if it wasn’t his first choice, adding that he is optimistic about the future of the Class of 2009. “I’m a firm believer in the fact that life is long and I have a lot of opportunities,” Holmberg said. “What drew people to finance was the money, and now they are finding deeper meaning in the work they do.... It’s a silver lining to the economic downturn.”

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TAILGATE from page 9 we need to shut down Tailgate. It’s more like [they’re] not going to participate because there’s no other option.” Schork added that an overwhelming number of people were in favor of Tailgate’s current location in the Blue Zone’s first lot, whether or not they are regular attendees. Many students had suggested the addition of a separate space for more traditional tailgating with cars and grilling. “One of the only things is that the problem with the current location, in order to have a successful Tailgate where you have Tailgate and traditional tailgating, you really need to have more space, given the nature of both events,” Schork said. “There are a lot of students who are for tailgating—they need their own experience and we want to accommodate both groups, or football will lose part of its fan base.” But Vice President for Student Affairs Larry Moneta said there was no chance of allotting more space for stu-

WEDNESDAY, JULY 1, 2009 | 19

dent tailgating. “The football program is expecting a significant increase in fans next year, and we’re going to need all of the parking space,” he said. One of the most common survey responses on how Tailgate could be improved was to make more food and water available during the event, Schork said. Last Fall, the University offered water and snacks such as popcorn and pretzels during Tailgate, but the survey indicated that students are looking for options that provide more substantive food—including the grilling that comes with a traditional tailgate. Moneta said one option being considered is bringing in outside vendors, such as Durham’s OnlyBurger, to serve students at Tailgate, although discussions are still ongoing. The survey also reflected that many students who attend Tailgate also raised concerns about the amount of trash that litters the lot. “I was really surprised at the number of students who questioned recycling and the sustainability of Tailgate, en-

vironmentally speaking,” Nur said. “Those are definitely things we can try to fix, and that won’t change Tailgate for anyone—it will make it better for everyone.” But Moneta said cleaning up Tailgate is ultimately up to tailgaters themselves. “That’s a question I would address toward students,” Moneta said. “What will they do to stop creating such an unsightly, irresponsible, unseemly environment?” Nur said she is happy to see that many students who responded to the survey said they liked the diversity of Tailgate. “In terms of the kind of people that are hanging out together, it’s one of the things that goes against our normal social scene, where you have members of all different fraternities interacting in the same space as well as independents and girls in sororities,” she said. “We absolutely have to preserve that. It’s something that should not be taken lightly.” Student leaders and administrators met Tuesday for the second time this summer to discuss changes to Tailgate, Moneta said.

EMPLOYEES from page 14 “We think Duke is trying to make ‘a smaller Duke,’ we understand that. But there’s still the same workload going on,” she said. “I just can’t see a smaller Duke over here where I work in Dining Services. We have to cook all that food from scratch, and these students come through here for a hot meal, and you’re going to need that labor.” Although the University is trying to shrink its staff size, Joe Martin, a security officer who will take the incentive, said he does not think Duke is targeting any specific individuals or groups. “I don’t think the University wants to go to any extreme measures,” Martin said. “But unfortunately like in any business... they’ll eventually have to make changes if this doesn’t work.” Even on a departmental level, the University is already making changes. Duke University Police Department Chief John Dailey said DUPD is losing some staff members to the early retirement incentive, but plans to replace them. Academic departments are preparing to cut back, too. Michael Munger, chair of the political science department and former Libertarian candidate for North Carolina governor, said all departments are currently working on a “revised strategic plan.” The political science department plans to cut faculty excesses such as visiting professors, research and travel money as well as new technology, copying and extra phone lines, Munger wrote in an e-mail. The department is not cutting academic and instructional resources, he added. Instead, the department is putting more faculty in classrooms to make up for the loss of adjunct and visiting instruction staff. Munger said the department added two new faculty members, including Sunshine Hillygus, associate professor of government and director of the Program on Survey Research at Harvard. Munger said he is optimistic about the administration’s ability to make long-term changes that will benefit students and Duke. “If we have trouble for two years, we can make this work,” Munger said. “The problems are going to come as we find out what new constraints, and financial challenges, the department and the University are going to have to meet in the longer run.... It remains to be seen if things are going to be anything like they were. I expect that things will be different, though I am not sure just how.” Preparing for the long-run For other universities, changes resulting from budget cuts are not only imminent, they will directly affect students. If North Carolina approves a state budget today that includes an 11 percent budget cut across the University of North Carolina system, students at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill will feel effects that would be “severe and longlasting, especially for students’ access and for the quality of the education they would receive,” UNC Chancellor Holden Thorp wrote in a formal notice to faculty and staff June 2. Cuts would include eliminating 500 class sessions and admitting 500 fewer students in Fall 2010, Thorp said. At Duke, academic programs are relatively safe for the 20092010 academic year. Steve Nowicki, vice provost and dean of undergraduate education, said academic cuts will be “negligible to none in the coming year.” Next academic year may prove different, however, as the University’s endowment returns are calculated on a three year average and the 2010-2011 year will have lower returns than this year. Trask said this year he is focused on cutting excesses in spending and increasing efficiency in the central administration. As the University works to cut its budget and its $125 million deficit, Nowicki said everyone at Duke needs to change their attitudes as well as their budgets. “Flat is the new up, and people have to get used to that. No one is used to that.”

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DURHAM from page 15

DEALERSHIPS from page 15

that either will come back with commitments until the economy recovers, he said. “As Duke makes cuts to get through the economic crisis, we believe that as Duke’s economic situation improves, it would coincide with the city’s economic improvement as well,” he said. The University currently leases approximately 1.4 million sq.-ft. of office space in Durham and Durham County—making Duke and the Duke University Health System Durham’s largest tenant, leasing nearly 30 percent of all office space in the county, according to the economic impact study. Any decrease in development will mean fewer construction jobs, said Larry Parker, spokesperson for the North Carolina Employment Security Commission. According to statistics released by the ESC, the construction sector lost 2,100 jobs statewide in May.

as GM going under as I am with the quality of the service I receive when I come into the dealership,” said Durham resident Richard Reid who was purchasing a Cadillac STS at Hendrick Durham Auto Mall. Reid said he has always valued the uniqueness of the company’s cars, though he would not describe himself as a loyal GM customer. “What I am a loyal customer of is service and quality,” he said. “I stand behind them whole-heartedly because they stand behind their vehicles.... They try to put the very best in their vehicles.” GM officials have said repeatedly that they are working to ensure customers knows the automaker stands behind its vehicles even after filing for bankruptcy. “GM dealers will continue to service GM vehicles and honor GM warranties, and U.S. and Canadian government guarantees of manufacturers’ warranties are designed to reassure consumers,” officials said June 1 in a press release announcing the filing.

The labor cost In addition to the indirect employment opportunities created by Duke’s investments, the University and DUHS combined are the largest employers in Durham County, Steinbacher said. According to the University’s 2006-2007 study, 49.6 percent of Duke’s 39,782 employees live in Durham. Currently, the University is offering early retirement incentives to 825 bi-weekly employees to close its $125 million budget deficit. If this option does not provide the necessary savings, then Duke may offer early retirement to its salaried employers whose age and total numbers of years employed by Duke are equal to or greater than 75, according to the Rule of 75, Trask said. He noted that the administration was only in the beginning stages of planing for that outcome. Trask said he cannot project the number of employees who would be laid off or if any employees would be laid off at all, because the University will wait until both retirement incentive programs are completed. If the University reaches that point, then employees will be compensated based on Duke’s employee compensation program, which constitutes a week of pay for every week they worked at Duke and their vacation accrual, he said. After Duke’s employee compensation ends, University workers—many of whom only make between $20,000 and $30,000 annually—could face a difficult time finding another job, several University employees said. In May, unemployment reached 8.1 percent in the Durham and Chapel Hill metropolitan area, according to the ESC. While that number is 3 percent less than the 11.1 percent state average, it is almost a 1 percent increase from the previous month. The unemployment rate in April was 7.3 percent in Durham and Chapel Hill. According to the ESC, only two of North Carolina’s 11 economic sectors added jobs during May—Leisure & Hospitality Services and Trade, Transportation & Utilities. “Well, certainly it’s a difficult time for anybody to find a job in North Carolina,” Parker said. “I think a lot of folks hear about education cuts and automatically think teacher, but there are others who work at the school... they are also affected by education cuts.” Millicent Rogers, an employee at the Duke Textbook Store, said although she would not like to be laid off, she is not too worried about the possibility because she would use the opportunity to go back to school. “I’m 24, I’m young and I have opportunities that my older co-workers who have kids and families don’t,” she said. “I haven’t been out of school that long. There are a plethora of opportunities that are available to me that aren’t available to other people.” Part of the University’s plan to save $50 million this year is to freeze salaries and wages, which has some employees feeling as though there are slim prospects for upward career mobility at the University. Although the University does not offer additional assitance to employees who are laid off, the city of Durham currently offers workforce training programs to any Durham resident who loses his or her job, helping them reenter the job market, Bonfield said. He noted, however, that those programs will not be able to fully mitigate the effect of job cuts at Duke. “It would depend on the extent to which it happens,” Bonfield said. “But, obviously, at the end of the day, when Duke employees or any company’s employees are laid-off, then there is an impact.” Rogers said while professors are an important part of the student experience at the University, the role the staff plays in the lives of students is often overlooked. “Just because we are not professors does not mean that we are not essential to the atmosphere here at Duke for the students,” she said.

Although Hendrick Durham Auto Mall’s business has remained strong despite the difficulties of its parent company, other Durham car dealerships reported they have benefited from the negative publicity for GM and Chrysler. Jamie Young, sales manager at University Ford in downtown Durham, said some customers who come in to purchase cars noted Ford was the only one of the Big Three automakers not to receive government loans. “It might have played a small percentage role in their decision, but I think they chose Ford because of the quality of the vehicle,” Young said. He added that his dealership was especially busy selling used cars—50 percent of University Ford’s business comes from pre-owned vehicles. Demand is so high that the dealership often calls its car owners to ask them to turn in their used car and buy a new one at a steep discount. Additionally, new Ford models of Focus, Fusion and Fusion Hybrid have attracted buyers who are looking for more fuel-efficient vehicles, Young said. “Every one we get on the lot we sell,” Young said, referring to the Ford Fusion Hybrid. “The car business is doing great.... It’s not all doom and gloom.”

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ENDOWMENT from page 14 Poor’s 500 stock index had an annual return of 10.4 percent in the same period. In comparison, Duke’s Endowment grew by an average of 15.6 percent annually in the last 10 years, according to DUMAC. Trask said private equity caused most of the losses in Duke’s investments, and DUMAC has taken many steps toward lowering the risk of Duke’s portfolio since the start of the economic crisis. “The main change in the portfolio is that the leverage is now completely out of it,” he said. “There are no investments funded by borrowed money, which is in essence what leverage is.” Trask added that along with the deleveraging, the University has returned some of its loans and has not borrowed any more money since March. He noted, however, that Duke has not repaid any of the $500 million in debt it raised in a March bond offering. “I believe, almost beyond any doubt, that we are out of any credit issues and any liquidity issues, which we never had compared to other people,” Trask said. The opportunity cost of holding money in bonds is compounded every year, so the difference in earnings between highgrade bonds and private equities is “astronomical,” Bryant said. He added, however, that there are occasions, such as the current economic environment, when bonds are the only investments that have positive returns. “The main purpose of investing in these types of instruments is their liquidity,” Emma Rasiel, associate director of undergraduate studies and assistant professor of economics, wrote in an e-mail. “Certainly yields on bonds are relatively low at pres-

WEDNESDAY, JULY 1, 2009 | 23

ent—but that is a trade-off against the need for liquidity.” Although Trask could not confirm the details of the transactions, Bryant said other private universities like Harvard have been marketing significant portions of their private equity positions to increase liquidity and Duke is probably doing the same. The endowment’s performance is subpar compared to national averages. According to Northern Trust Corp., a financial firm based in Chicago, the median return for endowments and foundations is negative 20 percent for the first 11 months of the July 2008 to June 2009 fiscal year, the Wall Street Journal reported June 23. During this period, Duke’s endowment lost 24.5 percent. In addition, although Trask said the endowment has grown 3 percent in May, the S&P 500 grew by 5.3 percent over the same period. Despite the portfolio’s weak performance, Trask said the University has made the right choices so far to handle the crisis. “I mean, we could have just sold everything and just funded all this stuff,” he said. “We didn’t want to make a $1.3 billion paper loss become a $1.3 billion actual loss until we knew we have no choice. And right now I think that was exactly the right thing for us to have done, because we’ve now picked up 3 percent on that pool, which if we had sold it, we would have been out of it.” No change in investment philosophy University endowments usually rely on the belief that as long-term investors, they have sufficient time to vie for large gains and make up the losses. “That’s what a lot of people got caught on liquidity problems, because those [investments] were essentially down the curb


and very hard to get back,” Trask said. He added, however, that despite the changes in Duke’s portfolio, the investment philosophy of DUMAC has not changed and will not change significantly. “It’s still the philosophy, although it’s been tempered by the deleveraging and by the liquification to the portfolio,” Trask said. “Its not as aggressively in that direction as it was a year ago.” Trask said the University’s low reliance on the endowment, which funds 15 to 16 percent of the annual operating budget, has allowed the University to make up for the losses over a longer period of time. He added that larger endowments at peer institutions fund 30 to 50 percent of those institutions’ annual budgets. “Duke’s low dependence on the endowment to fund operations does mean, though, that Duke may be able to afford to take a longer-term view in this


environment than some other schools,” Rasiel said. Trask said that as of May 31, the University’s “long-term pool,” which contains the endowment and other investments, has lost $1.3 billion, and is now valued at $5.8 billion. The pool is now composed of 8.5 percent in cash and fixed investments, 20 percent in real estate and 25 percent in equities, most of which are public. Trask noted that the University has lost very little on its real estate investments. The “short-term pool,” which contains mostly cash and cash equivalents, has been stable throughout the crisis. “I’m not worried about anything other than how to get the overall total expenses down to accommodate the fact that a billion dollars plus has gone out of the investment pools and therefore the earnings on those funds are not available to be spent on an annual basis,” he said.



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VETERANS from page 7 Emory University and Princeton University have not yet joined the program at all, according to the Web site. When comparing Duke to other universities, however, it is important to note that differences in size and funding availability may allow certain institutions to appear more generous than others, Provost Peter Lange said. Rabil said every school wanted to participate in the program but had to consider costs in the economic downturn. As a result, some schools have offered significantly more aid than others. McInerney said Fuqua does have significantly more veteran students than Trinity College, estimating that there may only be two or three undergraduate veterans at Duke, but the business school has Amount, in dollars, of aid Duke more than a dozen students who is offering to each of its three have served. The Fuqua veterans veteran undergraduates are also more vocal than those in Trinity College, McInerney added. “Veterans are among Fuqua’s most dedicated and service-minded students, bringing a valuable range Amount of aid Dartmouth of experiences and insights to our is committed to give to its classrooms,” Fuqua Dean Blair veteran undergraduates. Dartmouth is offering the aid Sheppard said in a statement. Trinity College is also interested to an unlimited number of in supporting veterans and even students adding veterans to its programs, Dean of Academic Affairs Lee Baker wrote in an e-mail. “Veterans have distinctive life experiences and a demonstrated commitment to service, having more veterans in our classrooms and labs would add greatly to the rich mix of ideas and perspectives on campus,” Baker said. In light of its small veteran population, McInerney said he was surprised the University did not try to attract veterans to Trinity and the Pratt School of Engineering with more funding, considering most veterans seeking an undergraduate education do not have financial support from their parents. Veterans are generally financially independent of their parents during and after service, but University financial aid considers parental contribution when forming packages, McInerney said. “Every dollar [veterans] can get is really one less out of




their own pockets, which is probably not the case for most students,” he said. But Duke may not appeal to undergraduate veterans, Rabil said. Rather, veterans come to Duke seeking a graduate or professional education, which is reflected by the larger number of veterans that received the financial aid from the graduate school, Rabil said. Eligible veterans can transfer their benefits to a spouse or child, and Rabil predicted that undergraduates applying for the Yellow Ribbon benefit may increase in the future, but they are likely to be children of veterans rather than veterans themselves. “We tend not to enroll non-traditional undergraduates,” Rabil said. “We don’t tend to have a lot of 24 to 26-year-olds, that’s not really our population.... Veterans are older and many would wonder whether Duke would be the school of choice for a person who [enlisted] after high school, it might not be the group we appeal to versus someone like an officer’s child.” McInerney said any aid will be helpful to veterans. Still, the money and the number of eligible veterans is subject to re-evaluation every year, Rabil said. She added that schools had very little time to join the program and delegate funds this year. “I just think getting all of the deans of all of the schools to respond that quickly was an act of God,” Rabil said. “It was great, it showed people really wanted to participate and support these people.” The Yellow Ribbon Program is new, the deadline to join was June 15 and the money must be available to eligible veterans by Aug. 1. Because the schools and financial aid departments have had to act quickly to join the program, Rabil said the University has not finalized all of the details and the transition “may be a little bumpy.” Rabil said the schools will definitely provide the committed amount of aid by Aug. 1, but added that the schools will re-evaluate their monetary offers and their number of eligible students every year. In the future, Rabil said some schools may find they have more money to give or that they need to offer funds to an increased number of veterans as more apply. The University has a plan for how veterans can apply for aid. Veterans must receive a certificate of eligibility from the VA, then submit their certificates to Jean Ross, the veterans’ Certifying Official for the Office of the University Registrar, Rabil said. Money must be awarded to eligible applicants on a firstcome, first-served basis according to the program, and Rabil said individual schools still have to determine how they will follow the rule.

LDOC from page 9 reason for students to restrain themselves.” Szigethy stressed that ASAP had “no hidden agenda” in sending out the survey and that it was meant to start a conversation about the drinking culture on campus and the real purpose of the day. “It seems like the students have an ‘us-them’ mentality,” he said. “They think that administrators are out to kill the party. The reality is that we’re out to end the trauma.” He added that alcohol consumption in and of itself is not an issue but that it is extreme drinking that causes problems. “I never met anybody who appreciated being thrown up on,” he said. But for now, there are no definite changes planned for the event, Szigethy said. “Students really needn’t worry that LDOC is going to be terrible or change drastically,” said Duke University Union President Zachary Perret, a senior. Perret noted that in addition to excessive alcohol consumption, vandalism and the massive amounts of trash are other issues that need to be addressed. “I certainly do hope we make substantial changes with LDOC,” Vice President for Student Affairs Larry Moneta wrote in an e-mail. “At the very least, the disgusting trash left strewn on the [Main West Quadrangle] has to go.” One possible change to LDOC next year could be a shift away from such a long, festival-type feel toward a shorter event, Perret said. Having three headliners draws a huge mass of students to the quad early in the evening. But with only two main performers, the LDOC committee could afford to pay each group more and the quad would not remain so crowded for so long. Szigethy said he is also considering moving the triage tent to a more visible location so that students can take responsibility for their peers and can more easily see the adverse effects of excessive drinking. “We have to be willing to intervene,” he said. “People see [extreme drunkenness] so much at an event like that, it doesn’t seem like a big deal…. [But] the potential for permanent trauma is extreme in a case like that.”

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The Chronicle

Wednesday, July 1, 2009 Section B

Swine flu virus outbreak plagues campus Campers quarantined to contain H1N1 virus by Emmeline Zhao THE CHRONICLE

As of June 26, seventeen confirmed cases and more than 20 suspected cases of the new H1N1 flu virus have been reported on campus, University officials said. The cases of the H1N1 virus, commonly known as swine flu, emerged from seasonal camp employees and students participating in on-campus summer programs, including Duke’s Talent Identification Program, the American Dance Festival and youth summer science and writing camps. All affected programs are located on East Campus and the virus has not yet spread to West Campus, said Dr. Bill Purdy, executive director of Student Health. University officials said the cases are mild and similar to the seasonal flu. “We’re very fortunate that all the cases we’ve had in our vicinity are relatively mild—milder than the traditional flu,” said Vice President for Student Affairs Larry Moneta. “What we need to do in particular is not generate any hysteria because this flu itself as it has manifested is a mild strain.” Duke is also working closely with the Durham County Public Health Department and Duke’s infectious disease specialist to discuss protocols on how to handle the situation. Students, faculty and staff have not been officially alerted of the swine flu outbreak on campus because the chances of contracting swine flu are low, unless someone comes in direct contact with an infected person, said Michael Schoenfeld, vice president for public affairs and government relations. “Influenza at summer camps is not unusual. It happens every year with young students or campers for various programs,” he said. “But monitoring health is a high priority because it’s clear that this was more significant than just the regular flu.” Student Health has stopped testing students for the H1N1 virus if they exhibit flulike symptoms, Purdy said.


Giles dormitory on East Campus currently houses students with confirmed cases of the flu. The cases are mild and the virus can only survive on surfaces for up to eight hours.


“The word is, if anyone comes in and has the flu, it’s not the season that anyone would have the flu, so it’s most likely that they have the H1N1 flu,” he said. The University has been preparing to combat swine flu for several months and discussions on how to handle the situation will continue, Moneta said. He added that the next step is to anticipate who may be affected on campus, formulate appropriate communications systems and consider how the outbreak may affect campus when students return in the Fall. Students on campus are advised to wash their hands frequently, not share drinks with each other and cover their mouths with their sleeves if coughing. “On the outside, [the situation] seems fairly simple [to take care of],” Purdy said. “But it’s actually very complex with so many


kids on campus, so many programs, everyone from across the country. So that makes it very, very difficult.” Gayle Harris, director of the Durham County Public Health Department, could not be reached for comment Friday. The first case of swine flu that arose on campus was brought to Student Health’s attention June 15, Purdy said, but this was not the first instance of the flu at Duke this summer. Two campers arrived on campus carrying the strain and were sent home immediately. If diagnosed, an infected person must be quarantined for seven days. Diagnosed students were required to go home immediately, but if a parent was unable to arrive in 24 hours, they were moved into Giles dormitory on East. According to the CDC Web site, the virus can only sur-

vive on surfaces for a maximum of eight hours after they are deposited there, so the dormitory will be safe to inhabit in the Fall, officials said. Purdy said the University is handling the situation in compliance with guidelines from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, which suggest identifying the virus early, staying away from others if infected and practicing good hygiene. In efforts to contain the spread of the virus, University officials decided June 26 to indefinitely close Brodie Gym to all students, faculty, staff and community members except ADF participants, said Soren Nelson, assistant director of recreational facilities. The facility will reopen when officials deem it appropriate, said Deputy Director of Athletics Chris Kennedy. The self-serve salad bar in The Marketplace has also been removed to lower the risk of transmitting the virus. Students checking in to camps this week will be required to be briefly examined by medical personnel to test for signs of illness, Kennedy said. He added that staff at the Wilson Recreation Center on West are also taking extra precautions to clean equipment after use. “We’re trying to keep things as normal as possible,” Kennedy said. “That means instead of telling campers they can’t come, coming up with other measures to make sure it’s a safe environment.” TIP and ADF officials declined to comment Friday, forwarding all inquiries to Michael Schoenfeld, vice president for public affairs and government relations. The first case of swine flu in Durham was confirmed May 23. As of June 24, there were 179 confirmed cases of swine flu in North Carolina, according to numbers compiled by the N.C. Department of Health and Human Services. The Duke in Mexico study abroad program was canceled in May when the International Travel Oversight Committee placed Mexico on its restricted regions list as a result of the swine flu outbreak in the country. The program was relocated to Duke’s campus.

Health director Lombard faces child sex charges by Julius Jones THE CHRONICLE

A University employee was charged by the FBI with child sex abuse June 24 in U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia. Frank Lombard, 42, associate director for the Health Inequalities Program at the Center for Heath Policy, is charged with enticing an undercover police officer over the Internet to take part in interstate travel in order to engage in an illegal sex act with a minor during a sting conducted by the FBI and Metropolitan Police Department for the District of Columbia’s Frank Lombard Child Exploitation Task Force, according to a news release from the FBI. According to The (Raleigh) News & Observer, Lombard waived an extradition hearing June 26 and was held without bond in the Durham County Jail until his extradition to Washington, D.C. this week. The FBI declined to give further comment on a pending investigation.

Lombard has been placed on unpaid administrative leave pending the conclusion of the investigation, said Michael Schoenfeld, vice president for public affairs and government relations. He added that the University is cooperating with the investigation. According to Detective Timothy Palchak’s affidavit, a confidential informant told the FBI he had knowledge of people engaged in child molestation online. The report said the criminal prosecution against the informant is still pending, but no plea deal was reached in exchange for the information. The informant told investigators that a customer of ICUii—an online program that offers “adult, discreet videochat,” according to the company’s Web site—with the user name “cooper2” or “cooperse” had performed acts of child molestation and broadcast it over the Web site. A subpoena sent to ICUii June 15 confirmed that the “cooper2” user name identified by the informant belonged to Frank Lombard, according to the affidavit. After the sting operation began, the officer alleges that over the course of a Yahoo! Instant Messenger conversation June 23, Lombard—using the display name “F L”— confessed to multiple acts of sexual abuse online using the ICUii video chat program. Lombard identified the minor he had molested as his 5-year-old, black adopted child.

Lombard also offered to allow the undercover officer to watch him perform sexual acts on the child via ICUii and fly to Lombard’s home to have sex with the child himself, according to the affidavit. “He further told your affiant that he lived in Durham, North Carolina with his live-in homosexual partner,” Palchak wrote in his affidavit. He went on to write that “F L” said his partner did not know about the abuse, but when his partner leaves for an upcoming business trip, it “would allow him the ability to molest the child just as he did the last time the partner had left town.” Lombard has been employed at Duke for 10 years. In addition to his responsibilities at the Center for Health Policy, Lombard taught an undergraduate course in the public policy department—“Intro to the U.S. Health Care System”— in the past and was scheduled to do so Fall 2009. Students described Lombard as a good teacher and someone who knew a large amount about the subject he was teaching, although they said they were not close to him outside the classroom. “He was definitely very knowledgeable on the topic we were covering in class and I can’t say much bad about him as a professor,” senior Bryan Fox said. “He was a great teacher.” Multiple colleagues of Lombard declined to comment for this story.

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Q&A with Kevin Sowers Kevin Sowers was named the chief executive officer of Duke University Hospital June 9 after serving as chief operating officer and interim CEO during his 24-year career at Duke. The Chronicle’s Lindsey Rupp asked Sowers about his rise from registered nurse to CEO and the challenges that lie ahead for him and the hospital. The Chronicle: You began your career at Duke 24 years ago as a registered nurse in oncology. What drew you to Duke and what convinced you to stay and pursue administrative roles? Kevin Sowers: I came to Duke in 1985 and I came here as a newly graduated nurse, and... my grandfather was diagnosed with a brain tumor while I was in nursing school and I remembered the care that my grandfather received. After going through that experience, I had a real passion to change the experience patients had with cancer, so part of it was a personal passion and part of it was as a senior, I did an independent study on End-of-Life-Care… and it was that work that really impacted and influenced my desire to become an oncology nurse. I came down here to interview during a nursing shortage…. I had planned to go to graduate school here for a couple years and planned to go back to Ohio, but clearly that didn’t happen. Some of the most incredibly meaningful experiences I’ve had in my experience so far have been at the bedside and being involved with patients and family.... I began to think about, how do you as a leader begin to

Singapore Med school still growing by Jinny Cho THE CHRONICLE


Kevin Sowers, a registered nurse, says Duke Hospital was proactive in cutting its budget by $50M last Fall. Sowers took over as CEO of the Hospital June 9. impact systems and the development of systems. TC: Your role as CEO is much different than it was as a nurse. Do you miss patient and caregiver contact and do you feel your experience as a nurse has prepared you in any unique ways for the position? KS: It’s more about leadership and your ability to partner because each and every day that I come to work, it’s about leading an organization and leading people, and it’s about being able to do that through partnerSEE SOWERS ON PAGE 37

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Duke-National University of Singapore Graduate Medical School moved into a state-of-the-art new school building this month, another milestone for the international health institute. The new permanent Duke-NUS GMS campus, which began construction in September 2006, was completed in February this year and is now fully occupied by the school’s faculty and staff, said Corinna Cox-Ng, director of communications and development at Duke-NUS GMS. At 25,000 square meters, the facility includes an 11-story administrative tower, a nine-story laboratory center and a vertical atrium at the heart of campus. Cox-Ng said that after two years of operating in dispersed buildings, Duke-NUS GMS faculty, staff and students are enjoying working together. “Everybody’s pleased to be all under one roof. We’re all physically on the same campus in a gleaming new building—a great location,” she said. Researchers and medical school educators from Singapore crossed the Pacific last May to present ongoing collaborative projects with the Duke School of Medicine. The event, titled “East Meets West: Singapore-Duke Research Collaborations,” provided an opportunity for a team of faculty and administrators from Duke-NUS GMS—an institution co-founded in 2005 by Duke University and the National University of Singapore—to meet with Durham-based faculty to explore new research programs and projects born of recent partnership. Presentations covered various research topics, such as emerging infectious disease epidemics, diagnostic algorithms that offer a genomic approach to pathogen finding and development of preventative vaccines to target diseases for which the body cannot produce antibodies. Other projects highlighted health services, cardiovascular and metabolic disorders, clinical research worldwide and neuroscience. Patrick Casey, senior vice dean for research at DukeNUS GMS and James B. Duke professor of pharmacology and cancer biology, said global outreach by the Duke medical faculty is important for Duke to become an active participant in the globalization of biomedical sciences and health care. SEE SINGAPORE ON PAGE 36


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DPAC sells out 20 shows in its first season by Carrie Wasterlain THE CHRONICLE

After a strong first season, the Durham Performing Arts Center looks as though it’s on the path to success. The theater opened in December 2008 and has been hosting and impressing thousands of visitors—many of whom are Duke students—ever since. “It appears audiences really like the great sightlines and acoustics of DPAC along with the spacious and modern atmosphere and easy parking,” said Bob Klaus, DPAC general manager. “Most of our research tells us guests are amazed by the friendly staff and warm welcome they receive when attending events at DPAC.” Klaus noted that even in a down economy, people are flocking to the shows— more than 20 performances sold out during the Center’s first season. DPAC, which cost $45.8 million to build, was partially funded by a $7.5-million investment from Duke. DPAC’s audience includes Durham locals,as well as guests from as far away as Charlotte and Wilmington. But Duke students make up a good share of these new downtown Durham visitors as well. Students have been venturing over to DPAC in large numbers, taking advantage of subsidized tickets and cheap bus rides that were offered by the Duke University Union last semester. “Rent,” which was advertised on Duke’s campus, was an enormous success, with sales that well exceeded expectations, said DUU President Zachary Perret, a junior. The tickets allotted to Duke sold out in just a day. “Legally Blonde,” which made its debut at DPAC last Spring, was also popular

among students, although not quite as much of a hit as the world-renowned musical, “Rent.” The influx of new visitors to Durham is giving a financial boost to more than just DPAC, which coupled with the City of Durham in spearheading the project, Downtown Durham, Inc. President Bill Kalkhof said. Durham restaurants, especially those in the Brightleaf district, have seen a pick-up in sales as well. Some eateries have even tailored their schedules to show times, offering quick pre-show dinner seatings and later post-show cocktails and desserts. Ever since DPAC opened last winter, Duke—along with the efforts from DUU— MICHAEL NACLERIO/CHRONICLE FILE PHOTO

“It appears audiences really like the great sightlines and acoustics of DPAC along with the spacious and modern atmosphere and easy parking.” — Bob Klaus, DPAC general manager has been working with the Center to foster a collaborative relationship. “We at DUU saw this as an unprecedented watershed opportunity to offer more off-campus programming options and get students acquainted with Durham,” said Vincent Ling, Pratt ’09 and former DUU Major Attractions director. SEE DPAC ON PAGE 37

The Durham Performing Arts Center celebrates its grand opening Dec. 1, 2008. The theater, which was partially funded by Duke, sold out more than 20 performances in its inaugural season despite the down economy.

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Duke’s Wikipedia page among the site’s best by Hamid Ali THE CHRONICLE

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Although many question the accuracy of its entries, Wikipedia is often the first source Web surfers turn to when seeking information from the factual to the abstract—and those wishing to learn more about D u k e are no exception. In recent years,, the user-written, user-edited ited online encyclopedia ia has become a globall source of information, challenging even the most prominent encyclopedias. Wikipedia provides countless articles on a wide range of topics and concisely summarizes es the information. Duke’s ke’s Wikipedia page is a useful summary of information tion that people often use firstt when learning about the University. Michael Schoenfeld, vice president for public affairs and government relations, said his office checks the Duke article every day, though the page is mostly edited by the Wikipedia community. “Because there are so many people it is amazing how rapidly new information is added and how accurate that new information tends to be,” Schoenfeld said. “As the University changes, as new programs come along, we will update it, but we have to be selective with our info, as it is supposed to

be an encyclopedia article.” One of the first entries on a Google search of Duke is the Wikipedia article on the University. Freshman Douglas Hanna said the Duke Web pages primarily offer background information and facts about the school. “That’s That what I usually found most useful,” Hanna said. According to the history h of the “Duke University” Wikipedia page, the article was created on May 24, 2002. The unknown user was using a computer registered to the Enoch Pratt Free Library in Baltimore, Md, accordB ing to a “Whois” search conducted on ip-address. condu com. Like some wonders of the world, world the exact exa details behind the Duke article’s creation may never be known. Andrew Tutt, Pratt ’09 and founder of said Duke’s “Talk” page on Wikipedia is unique of other universities’, which are more concerned with adding information to their pages—the discussion on Duke’s page is more about compressing information. “We are one of the luckiest universities because our Wikipedia page contains so much information,” Tutt said. SEE WIKIPEDIA ON PAGE 37


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PASSION. RIGOR. PURPOSE. THE ETHICS CERTIFICATE PROGRAM A course of study that could change your life. What is a good life and how should it be lived? How does our identity shape our morality? What does ethics mean in the face of power, violence, and cruelty?

They’re big questions, among life’s most important. Duke University’s Ethics Certificate Program offers you an opportunity to examine these issues in depth—to test your convictions, deepen your knowledge, and explore your ambitions. It’s a rigorous course of study designed to prepare you for life—both personally and professionally. Begin with our signature Gateway Course, The Challenges of Living an Ethical Life, which draws on ancient and modern texts including dramas, autobiographies, and political commentaries to explore fundamental ethical questions. Then, choose six courses from a wide range of selections in philosophical ethics, practical ethics, religious ethics, and ethics in historical and cultural context to build the program that best complements your chosen field of study. Finish with the Capstone Course, a research seminar in ethics, where you will complete a research paper that integrates your special concerns into the broader issues of living an ethical life. Along the way, you’ll learn how ethical issues have been framed across history and cultures, and how ethical challenges are being negotiated in practice by policymakers, researchers, doctors, journalists, and others. You’ll develop the knowledge and critical-thinking skills to fully engage in ethical debates. You’ll become part of a diverse intellectual community of peers, graduate students, and faculty scholars. And you will demonstrate a clear commitment to ethical thought and action that will serve you well throughout your life and career. Sign up for the Gateway Course (Ethics 100) offered in the Fall Semester. For more information, visit or call 919-660-3033.

“The Ethics Certificate Program helps students to analyze the ethical challenges of everyday life, to see the world from an ethical perspective different than their own, and to engage the Gateway course authors—Sartre, Job, Plato, James Baldwin, Machiavelli, Nietzsche, Sophocles, Arendt, and Melville—in a moral dialogue that will continue throughout their lives.” – Professor Peter Euben


34 | WEDNESDAY, JULY 1, 2009


New program lets devices double as pen by Rachna Reddy THE CHRONICLE

Forget sticky notes and smudged ink on the back of your hand. A group of Duke researchers have engineered a technology that lets users write notes to themselves in the air. Eight months ago, Romit Choudhury, assistant professsor of electrical and computer engineering and computer science, and his team developed software that uses a phone’s accelerometer to detect and record the movement of a person’s hand. If a person writes letters, the software can decipher them into typed text that can then be sent to the user’s e-mail account. The phone becomes a pen that can write notes in the air, he said. Choudhury calls this invention the PhonePoint Pen, a play on the term “ballpoint pen.” “I used to keep forgetting things,” he said. “I thought, wouldn’t it be nice to have a pen with an accelerometer?” Three years after Choudhury finished graduate school, he still cannot find a pen with an accelerometer, but several phones have them. And thanks to the accelerometer, Choudhury has helped develop a software that allows written letters to be recorded—no more sticky notes. An accelerometer is a sensor that measures acceleration, which can then be used to calculate the distance something has traveled. It is the device responsible for switching the image from portrait to landscape view when some phones are turned horizontally. Although many phones today have keyboards and many users use text messages, Choudhury said there is still a need for the technology to save and transmit handwritten notes. “We want to get away from people having to text on keyboards,” he said. “I hear lots of complaints about typing on a small phone.” Senior Sandip Agrawal worked with Choudhury to develop the PhonePoint Pen. Agrawal said he knows there are some people who can type on phone keyboards faster than he can type on his computer, but texting requires two hands—unlike writing with the PhonePoint Pen. The device has not been perfected, and for its creators the current “pen” is only a glimpse of the vision they have for its future. Choudhury said even in its current state,


Ionut Constandache (left), a computer science graduate student, and Professor Romit Choudhury (right) show off their “PhonePoint Pen.” the device has received a lot of attention from the medical community. He said the tool is great for people with speech and finger-mobility disabilities. “This might do great for people who cannot type, cannot move their fingers properly,” said Ionut Constandache, a computer science graduate student who also worked on the PhonePoint Pen. Developers faced several problems while manipulating the phone’s accelerometer to function like a pen, Choudhury said. First, a person writing with the phone has no

global frame of reference. Choudhury described the process of writing the letter “A” as an example. Writing an “A” involves drawing an upside down “V” with a line across it. With no frame of reference, the accelerometer cannot detect where the line crossing the “A” is supposed to be placed. In effect, the device cannot decipher the difference between an A or a triangle, Choudhury said. SEE AIR WRITING ON PAGE 37

Open Courses in Public Policy Studies Enroll now! There’s still space available!! Fall 2009 PPS 119S.01 Magazine Journalism

PPS 264.73 Introduction to Population, Health and Policy MWF 11:45-12:55, Bliwise

MW 2:50-4:05, Merli

Storytelling techniques of magazine journalism; historical and contemporary writing for magazines; and visual impact in print. Students develop experience in different kinds of magazine writing, collaborate on a magazine produced by the class, and contribute to campus publications. Consent of instructor required.

This course covers the substantive findings and policies/policy debates around selected topics in the field of population and health in industrialized and developing societies. Demographic models are used to examine selected topics through framing, defining and evaluating key concepts. The first part of the course provides a treatment of alternative demographic models whereas the second utilizes these models to evaluate the nature of selected current population and health topics: the end of population growth; the relations between population, development and the environment; the health of populations; population aging; potentials for mortality increases; the HIV/AIDS epidemic and the resurgence of infectious diseases. Readings are drawn from the scientific literature and case studies from both developing and industrialized countries and span the disciplines of demography, sociology and public health.

PPS 134D.01 The Politics of Civic Engagement MW 10:05-11:20, Korstad This course explores ethical issues related to civic engagement by college students, their reasons for participating, the goals of the university in sponsoring their summer experiences, and the impact they had on the people and organizations they worked with. Students will read books and articles from different political perspectives on the value and appropriateness of civic engagement. Required discussion sections will allow students to share the challenges of their own engagement. Consent of instructor required.

PPS 195.11 Racial & Economic Inequality: A Cross-National Perspective TTH 1:15-2:30, Darity This course explores the origins and causes of differences in patterns of economic performance between ethnic and racial groups from a comparative perspective across the globe. A variety of accounts for wide disparities in the incidence of poverty and affluence across ascriptively differentiated groups will be considered. Particular attention will be drawn to economic problems in ethnically or racially plural societies and the use of various social policies to redress intergroup inequalities, including Malaysia’s New Economic Policy, India’s reservations system for the scheduled castes, and affirmative action in the USA and in South Africa.

PPS 264S.10 Collective Action, Environment & Development W 3:05-5:35, Pfaff Many have pushed for the inclusion in policy decision processes of representatives of affected groups. From the US EPA to the World Bank, at least officially various decision processes are changing. The expected and the actual impact of such changes on outcomes deserve and require evaluation. Are participatory decisions better? Always? Even when technical details are involved? What does ìparticipatoryî mean in theory? And in practice? Whose definition of ìbetterî ? Empirical evidence on group decision processes that is relevant for these questions is growing in various forms and it is a focus of this course. Some evidence suggests powerful social sharing norms, although not universal, will constrain such group processes. Other evidence suggests that self-interested strategies can dominate in these settings too (and may appear to be unselfish). We draw on many case settings, most within developing countries. Water decisions (both quantity and quality issues) provide many examples. Concepts of and behavior regarding equity are foci.


WEDNESDAY, JULY 1, 2009 | 35

36 | WEDNESDAY, JULY 1, 2009


Pre-health option new for Fall ’09 Jinny Cho THE CHRONICLE


The Duke-National University of Singapore Graduate Medical School completed construction on its campus this February. The 25,000 sq.-meter facility features an 11-stry administrative tower, a nine-story laboratory center and a vertical atrium at the center of the campus.

SINGAPORE from page 30 “Leaders of Duke Medicine strongly believe in the value of exposing Duke researchers and students to a greater diversity of cultures and practices in the biomedical and health care arenas,” Casey said. This global perspective allows students and faculty, both in Durham and in Singapore, to have a special understanding of globalization trends and their opportunities and risks, he added. “The Duke-NUS initiative is a fullfledged academic entity, with its own faculty—many of whom have dual appointments at Duke—and its own students, who will receive a joint degree from Duke and NUS at the end of their training,” Casey said. He added that this partnership allows researchers to reap new insights and professional benefits. “Many special opportunities exist on the collaborative front, from access of major technologies in biomedical imaging and automated discovery screening to the ability to study unique patient populations in the context of clinical research,” he said.

In addition to recently forged collaborations in research and the new insights that have resulted, Duke’s core medical curriculum is being successfully transplanted in Singapore, said Wee Lai Ming, senior manager of communications at Duke-NUS GMS. Duke-NUS GMS is the first medical school in Singapore founded on the U.S. model of students studying medicine after completing a bachelor’s degree, according to the institution’s Web site. The pre-existing medical school in Singapore followed the British model, in which students study medicine after specialized science coursework in high school. Duke-NUS GMS Visiting Professor Doyle Graham, former dean of medical education at the School of Medicine, said the collaboration allows Duke medical educators to observe and learn from experimental teaching techniques practiced in Singapore. “As a new school, we have been able to try new ways of helping students learn, and as such are serving as an education laboratory for Duke School of Medicine,” Graham said. One such example of the transfer

of pedagogy is “The Body and Disease” course, a core component of Duke School of Medicine’s first-year curriculum that integrates pathology, microbiology, pharmacology and immunology, Graham said. The coursework is presented at DukeNUS GMS through team-based learning, called TeamLEAD, which allows enhanced learning and retention, along with a great deal more enjoyment of learning by students and faculty alike, he added. Graham said directors of “The Body and Disease” course and physicians at Duke have visited Singapore to observe these techniques and to bring the TeamLEAD process back to Duke. “It is a pleasure to give back to our parent institution, and it is our hope that continued collaboration between the two medical schools will improve medical education at both institutions,” Doyle said. Casey echoed the sentiment. “I think it is truly amazing just how well the two different cultures were able to get together to create this new academic medical entity,” he said. “I feel that Duke-NUS has somehow managed to assimilate the best aspects of both cultures while leaving other aspects of each behind.”

TIPsters got talent


Participants in the Duke Talent Identification Program take part in a “Color Wars” game June 27. Each summer, TIP invites gifted middle and high school students to Duke’s campus to provide them with a taste of college life.

Incoming freshmen interested in pursuing a career in health care will be offered specially tailored opportunities through the new Cardea Fellows Program, University officials announced last month. The Cardea Fellows Program, a fouryear pre-health fellowship that will launch this Fall, is geared for students committed to preparing for any kind of health profession by completing core coursework in math and science, administrators said. The application deadline for admission to the inaugural class of Cardea Fellows—which will consist of 15 to 18 students—is July 23. Lee Baker, dean of academic affairs of Trinity College of Arts and Sciences, said the program will benefit students who have not had the opportunity to develop a strong foundation in science and math. Baker noted, however, that the fellows may not necessarily lack advanced coursework in these subjects. “The students might normally have a strong background in science, but so many Duke students come in with a super strong background with many [Advanced Placement] credits,” he said. “We want to ensure that every student has the chance to be as competitive as possible.” Cardea Fellows must enroll in Chemistry 20D—a Fall introductory course for students with limited background in chemistry—and participate in a specially designed first-year seminar in biology taught by Daniel Scheirer, chief pre-health adviser and associate dean of Trinity College of Arts and Sciences. The seminar titled “Medical Biology: Linking the Principles of Biology and Medicine,” will explore the history of biology and the role biology has played in major medical advancements, according to the Cardea Fellows Web site. “The Medical Biology seminar is based on what I broadly call ‘issues-based biology,’” Scheirer wrote in an e-mail. “By this, I mean that science is presented as a discovery process and is directly derived from medical issues, which provide a bridge to understanding the fundamental concepts of biology.” By focusing on basic biological concepts in the context of medicine, students can develop integrated thinking skills and discover science as a process and apply it to their world, Scheirer said. “There is an intentional shift from memorizing facts and from vocabulary to thinking about biology as a set of multilevel concepts,” he said. The program aims to help students fulfill their pre-health course requirements, Lynn White, assistant dean of Trinity College of Arts and Sciences and assistant dean for pre-major advising, wrote in an e-mail. “We’re hoping the program will help them to build the skills that will allow them to be successful in the pre-health curriculum at Duke,” White said. Cardea Fellows will also be able to develop academic skills in problem-solving courses, engage in research and receive personalized advising about coursework and extracurricular activities, according to the Web site. In addition, upperclass fellows will mentor freshmen and sophomores in the program. Baker said he hopes the unique program will inspire other institutions to develop similar programs for their students. “This is a novel and interesting idea,” he said. “We wanted to be a trendsetter, and we hope other universities will follow.”


DPAC from page 31 Michael Schoenfeld, vice president for public affairs and government relations, called the Center one of the most “significant additions to the city in recent memory,” and considers Duke’s relationship with the venue extremely important, as it encourages growth in the University’s surroundings and adds to the quality of life of both inhabitants of Durham and of Duke students. “Duke has been a strong supporter of the renaissance of downtown Durham, of which DPAC has been one of the anchors,” Schoenfeld said. “Enhancing the quality of life for everyone who lives in Durham, and making Durham a destination for people who are interested in the arts and culture, is important for Duke’s continuing success.” The DPAC-Duke relationship will not stop at subsidized tickets. The two institutions are currently collaborating on a new project, which may involve bringing Duke’s own programming to the downtown Durham venue.

WEDNESDAY, JULY 1, 2009 | 37

Perret said the 2,800-seat capacity at DPAC is the perfect offset to Duke’s Reynolds Theater and Page Auditorium. Next year, DUU will relax its involvement with DPAC, but a new OSAF-related group called “The Hub” will take its place. Perret said the group will offer reducedprice tickets for DPAC shows, as well as for other performances around the Triangle area. The performing arts center’s mission is to have “something for everyone,” Klaus said. And with a combination of Broadway shows, superstar concerts and famous comedians on deck, DPAC seems to be accomplishing that goal. Among the most exciting shows for next year are “Spring Awakening,” “The Phantom of The Opera” and a show by comedian Kathy Griffin. “It’s a unique privilege to have such a state-of-the-art venue bringing in world-class performances— including Broadways and highprofile musicians—just a few miles from a college campus,” Ling said. “It’s in everyone’s interests to have people come together and enjoy the arts.”

From Tehran to the Chapel Quad


Students light candles in front of the Chapel at a June 19 vigil to honor the lives of election demonstrators killed in Iran this month. Protestors took to the streets after incumbent President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad was declared the winner of the country’s election June 13.

SOWERS from page 30

AIR WRITING from page 34

ships. And it’s the partnerships that create the teams that improve the overall organization… Duke Hospital makes a difference in this country and the world in terms of the science that we’re delivering here, and... it’s about us improving the way we manage our costs and revenue management so we can continue to fund this enterprise known as Duke Medicine. TC: You are taking over as CEO at a time of great financial stress for the world and for Duke Medicine. How do you plan to lead Duke Medicine out of these difficult economic times? KS: One of the things I’d say we focused on in the last six years at Duke Hospital is, Duke Hospital has done an incredible job of managing its budget…. Second, we have focused a lot in part with our finances department… with managing our revenue cycle making sure we bill and collect effectively… [We have been focused on being] proactive in cutting our budget by $50 million last Fall… so I would tell you it’s something that’s on the forefront of our minds as we try to run the organization on a daily basis. TC: Do you feel your rise through the administrative ranks was different or even difficult because you were a nurse rather than a doctor? KS: Well, there’s one thing I can say that’s unique, when I was in nursing school and came out of nursing school, being CEO of a hospital was not even an opportunity that was afforded nurses. It was not even a career path. Typically you would become chief nurse and that was your leadership opportunity. So I go back to two things, while I do believe my experience of clinical care at the beside influences how I think and how I do things… it’s really about leadership and how you form teams and set expectations about teams and how you move forward in partnership with that team. TC: What has been your most rewarding experience at Duke and why? KS: As bedside nurse, I could see immediately the outcomes from my actions, so whether it was comforting a patient and family, there were immediate outcomes from my work. As you lead an organization and you start to think about vision three to five years out…. It’s a different frame of reference and it really is an honor and a privilege. TC: What do you anticipate will be your greatest challenge or focus as CEO? KS: The thing I’m most excited about and the thing I think will challenge us the most is the opening of the major new hospital addition and the new cancer center…. We are building these facilities to serve those in North Carolina who need us.... The opportunity is also that it’s going to create 1,000 new jobs, but the challenge is the workforce development plan to fill those 1,000 jobs when the organizations open.

Another problem involved dotting “I”s and crossing “T”s, Choudhury said. The accelerometer could not detect when a user lifts the “pen” from the “paper.” The software attempts to combat this by measuring acceleration across the X-, Y- and Z-axes in a 3-D plane. When the “pen” is removed from the imaginary paper, there is an impulse along the Z-axis that would not be recorded as a letter stroke. An additional difficulty was the ability of the device to discern between natural hand rotations and linear movements intended to be letter strokes. Technology exists that can combat this—Nintendo Wii controllers contain a device called a gyroscope that differentiates between

WIKIPEDIA from page 32 The “Revision history” page of a Wikipedia article lists all who have edited that page and the edits they have made. When edits are made without a username, the Internet Protocol address of the editor is recorded. IP addresses are unique to each computer on the internet and can be traced back to the internet service provider of the computer user.

both types of motions, which Choudhury said could appear in a phone in the future. The device is still in its developmental stages, and there have been some concerns about the size users must write letters in the air, Choudhury said. “[People are worried that] they might look like fools with their hands waving in the air and people might laugh at them,” Constandache said. “Most people are excited— they like the idea, they think it’s cool.” Choudhury said his team are working to shrink the size of letters that can be recognized. Agrawal, who won the first Hoffmann Krippner Award for Excellence in Student Engineering for the PhonePoint Pen, said he would definitely use the device. “Maybe not at what its current state is,” he noted. “Right now it doesn’t look that good, but if we can get to the point where you hold the phone like a pen.”

The Duke Wikipedia page statistics show that several of the top-listed editors are editing from Duke IP addresses. The occasional edits by usernames like “Heelsfan23r,” themed after athletic rival the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, proclaim UNC superiority. But the many editors guarding the page take down this vandalism shortly after. The most prominent watchdog goes by the username of Bluedog423, Schoenfeld said.

Tutt described Bluedog423 as an old alumnus “who’s really protective of the page,” adding that the user’s efforts have made the article, “one of the best articles on Wikipedia, period.” Tutt declined to identify Bluedog423. Duke’s Wikipedia page was on Wikipedia’s main page Nov. 26, 2006 as “Today’s featured article,” a section that showcases Wikipedia’s best entries. “The best promotion is accurate information,” Schoenfeld said.


Duke’s Wikipedia page is a commonly used source for those seeking information about the University. Andrew Tutt, Pratt ’09, said the page is guarded by an old alumnus who goes by the user name “Bluedog423.” Duke’s entry was a featured article on Wikipedia’s main page Nov. 26, 2006.

Summer ’09


A photo essay by Michael Naclerio, Larsa Al-O

With the majority of students away for the su But life goes on in the Bull City. Here are

1. Thad Cockrell performs at Duke University Performances’“M team celebrate their first national title win over the University at the annual Beaver Queen Pageant, a benefit event to raise Park in north Durham. 4,8. The sun sets over Duke and Durham Franklin and President Richard Brodhead address attendees o celebrates upon receiving her honorary Duke degree at comm team checks Jimmy Dunster of the UNC Tar Heels during the N 11, but went on to lose 17-7 to Syracuse in the semifinal. 11. D American Dance Festival, held this year at the recently comple


2 5




9 In Review


Omaishi, Courtney Douglas and Will Flahrety

ummer, Duke’s campus takes on a quieter aura. some of the things you may have missed.

Music in the Gardens” June 3. 2. Members of the women’s tennis y of California-Berkeley May 26. 3. A contestant struts her stuff money for the preservation of urban wildlife held at the Duke m June 27. 5,6,7. Former president Bill Clinton, John Whittington of the John Hope Franklin celebration June 11. 9. Oprah Winfrey mencement May 10. 10. Parker McKee of the Duke men’s lacrosse NCAA men’s lacrosse quarterfinal game. Duke beat Carolina 12Dancers from the Shen Wei Dance Arts company perform at the eted Durham Performing Arts Center.




40 | WEDNESDAY, JULY 1, 2009


International, multi-cultural, friendly!

Grace Lutheran Church

Students always welcome. Call for a ride or directions.

824 N. Buchanan Blvd. Durham, NC 27701 • 682-6030 block from East Campus

4124 Farrington Road Durham, NC 27707 489-7777 or 697-5666 Saturdays: Bible Study 9:45 Worship Service 11:00

Worship with Holy Communion 8:30 & 11:00 am each Sunday Lifting high the cross, to proclaim the love of Christ!

The Westminster Fellowship Welcomes Incoming Students UPCOMING EVENTS Westminster Welcome Ice Cream & Freesbie Thurs, Aug 20, 3:30pm at ECBS Join us at the East Campus Bus Stop for a stroll over to the gazebo on the East Campus lawn where you can get to know the Westminster crowd, enjoy some yummy ice-cream, and play lawn games.

First Meeting of Westminster Fellowship Mon, Aug 24, 6:30-8:30pm

McMannen Church

Come for dinner and our opening meeting. Duke Chapel Basement Lounge

invites you to:

Fall Retreat to Montreat, NC September 11-13 We are a community of friends who seek to follow, grow and serve Jesus Christ in our life together and in the world. We are an open-minded, open-hearted fellowship of Duke Christians in the reformed traditions of the Presbyterian Church (USA) and United Church of Christ! All interested are welcome!


Fellowship in Christ


Service in our community


Missions around the world


For more information contact: Rev. Cheryl Barton Henry 919.684.3043

Worship times:

just minutes from Duke

Outstanding youth and children’s ministries


A new preschool program


Enjoy singing? Join our choir

8:45 am 10:55 am Sunday School: 9:55 am

A United Methodist Congregation 4102 Neal Road, Durham, NC 27705 919.383.1263


WEDNESDAY, JULY 1, 2009 | 41


The Pentecostals of Durham Invite You to Worship with Us Sunday School Morning Worship Evangelistic Tuesday (Word & Worship)

United Methodist Church In the heart of Downtown Durham Between Mangum and Roxboro Streets

215 N. Church Street

Sunday Early Worship: 8:45 a.m. Sunday School: 9:45 a.m. Sunday Worship: 11:00 a.m.

Rev. Duke Lackey, Senior Pastor E-mail: Web Site:

10:00 AM 10:50 AM 6:30 PM 7:30 PM

Free Transportation • call 477-6555 Call for information about our Spanish services

Special Music & Singing in Each Service

First Pentecostal Church Phone: (919) 683-1386

Come as you are–leave different!

Check out Duke MSA! Expand your cultural horizons, satisfy your religious needs, and observe our community in action! Activities Include: • Daily iftars during Ramadan • Campus-Wide Fast • Islamic Awareness Week • Lectures with world-renowned guest speakers • Weekly meetings with the coolest kids on campus!

2008 W. Carver Street • Durham Johnny Godair, Pastor “Home of Old Time Religion”

Duke Catholic Center... We’re How to be Catholic at Duke! All are welcome Sunday, August 16, 2009 11am Mass Richard White Lecture Hall, East Campus Sunday, August 23, 2009 11am Mass Richard White Lecture Hall, East Campus 12 noon Welcome Cookout Falcone-Arena House, 402 N. Buchanan Blvd (at the corner of Buchanan Blvd and Trinity Ave)

9pm Mass Duke Chapel

Mass Schedule Beginning August 23, 2009 Sundays

11am 9pm




Richard White Lecture Hall, East Campus Duke Chapel

Goodson Chapel, Duke Divinity School 12 noon Duke Hospital Chapel (6th Floor)

Wednesdays 5:15pm

Duke Chapel Crypt

Thursdays 11:30am Yoh Football Center, Team Meeting Room Fridays


Fuqua School of Business, Seminar B

(919) 684-8959

42 | WEDNESDAY, JULY 1, 2009


Blacknall Presbyterian Church An evangelical PC(USA) congregation located off east campus between Whole Foods & Ninth Street at 1902 Perry Street, Durham, NC 27705 (919) 286-5586

Together in worship, learning, community and mission under the banner of Jesus Christ

Beth El Synagogue 1004 Watts St., Durham


Durham’s First Synagogue Since 1887

One block from Duke East Campus A Project Reconnect Congregation

Traditional Conservative Egalitarian congregation offering an Orthodox Kehillah Rabbi Steven G. Sager Saturday morning Shabbat Services: Orthodox: 9:00am / Conservative: 9:45am Visit for more information

Worship 8:30 and 11:00 a.m. College Class 9:45 a.m. Welcome students!

Students are welcome at all Shabbat and Holiday Services

Got home cooked meals? How about FREE fabulous food for Study Breaks?

That all should come to know Christ

How about

spiritual nourishment and hospitality while adjusting to being far from home? (Ok, so you want some of the freedom...) one ... at o say h Dear Friends at Asbury, w t re’s t had I would like to thank your church for being e H en d so has been home for me. stu

Praise God for the home provided to me through Asbury UMC. I pray for continued growth and spiritual power and unity in your church. So, to say it again, “Thank you.”

2009 Student

We’re ready to welcome you, too! Come for the

“Welcome Students” Worship and Luncheon on Sunday August 30, 2009 (And come for worship, fellowship, and service every week!)

Asbury United Methodist Church A Partner Church with Duke Wesley Fellowship Across the street from East Campus Sunday School @9:45 AM Worship on Sundays @ 11:00 AM

Just late enough for student schedules

An Old Church with a Young Heart! Are you looking for a church where you can get involved? Do you love to sing, play a musical instrument, work with young people, old people, in between people? Then Mount Moriah is the place for you. We celebrate worship with traditional and contemporary music. We are centrally located between Duke and Chapel Hill at 549 Erwin Road near New Hope Commons Shopping Center. Sunday Bible Study begins at 9:15 a.m. Worship at 10:30 a.m. Wed Night Prayer time: 6:45 p.m. Bible Study 7:00 p.m. Choir practice at 8 p.m. Christian Medical Dental Group meets once a month in the Fellowship Hall.


WEDNESDAY, JULY 1, 2009 | 43

Imagine a religion... that welcomes your questions and makes room for your beliefs!!!



Whoever you are,


wherever you are on life’s journey,

you are welcome here.” Pilgrim United Church of Christ is an inclusive community of faith. Please come join us on Sunday mornings at 10:30 am. You can find out more about us at our website:

Unitarian Universalism is a liberal religion that believes in the inherent worth of every person, the authority of reason and conscience in religion, freedom of religious belief, and a faith that is manifested in justice and love. Join us in your spiritual quest for truth and meaning!

We look forward to seeing you!

The Unitarian Universalist Fellowship @ Duke

3 0 1 1 A c a d em y R d . D u r h am N C 2 7 7 0 7 | 9 1 9 - 4 8 9 - 1 3 8 1

DUKE WESLEY FELLOWSHIP (United Methodist Ministry At Duke) Grounded in scripture and focused on social justice as reflected in Matthew 25:31ff: “Truly I tell you, just as you did it to the least of these who are members of my family, you did it to me.”

Practical Theology Engaging Worship Wesley Worship at Asbury UMC Fellowship Hall, Sunday Evenings 6:00 P.M. Dinner 6:45 P.M. Worship Whether you are a life-long practicioner or still exploring Christianity, the Duke Wesley Fellowship provides a community which regularly engages a variety of faith practices: community worship, study of scripture, shared meals, mission initiatives, and fellowship gatherings

Duke Lutherans is a campus ministry group for undergraduate, graduate, and professional students who hold the Gospel at the center of our lives. We gather weekly in worship, fellowship, prayer, study, and service. All of these activities equip us to grow as individuals and as the body of Christ, enabling us to reach out into the communities in which we live while keeping us grounded in faith. Look for us at the religious life open house on Aug 19 from 3:00 – 4:30 pm at the Schaefer Mall to find out more about our fall retreat, service projects, and other activities. Or join us for worship and dinner on Sundays. Worship at Duke begins at 5:00 pm, either in the Crypt below the Duke Chapel or in the Centenary Room of the Divinity School (meet in front of the chapel at 4:45 pm for help finding the room – rides from East to West available). Dinner follows at 6:00 pm in the Chapel Basement Kitchen. You are welcome to join us for worship at our parent congregation, St. Paul’s Lutheran Church, located at 1200 W Cornwallis Road, Durham, at 8:30 & 11:00 am with Sunday School in between at 9:45 am (before September 1, services are at 8:30 & 10:00 am). Rides are available upon request. For more information, visit or call 919-489-3214.

The Reverend Dr. Jennifer E. Copeland United Methodist Chaplain 919.684.6735 For more information, visit

We look forward to meeting you. To find out more about Duke Lutherans please visit our website, or contact William Dahl, DM, Lutheran Campus Minister at 919-684-5548 or


44 | WEDNESDAY, JULY 1, 2009




TWO HOUSES IN ONE. Live in spacious 2700 sqft 3/3 home and rent or care for elderly in 780 sqft 2/1 cottage. $250,000. Hope Valley area. Pictures at Craigslist. Search for cottage and 5 bedroom. 919599-7538

Management professor seeks one individual to work on a project funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF). Responsibilities include maintaining a project database; developing web applications; and creating statistical reports for companies. Requirements include BA or BS degree, preferably in math or computer science, 2 years of programming experience preferred in php, mysql, and/or java (including college projects). Position is full-time (12 months) with health benefits. Salary is $34,000, July 1, 2009 through June 30, 2010, renewable pending future funding. To apply, send letter of application with resume to Associate in Research Search, Fuqua School of Business, Box 90120, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708 or email Emily Xavier, Personnel Coordinator, at Duke University is an equal opportunity/affirmative action employer.

HOMES FOR RENT HOUSE FOR RENT, 1.7 MI TO I-85 2 BDR, 1 BA. Walk to Weaver St. Mkt. Eno River 2 blocks, Natl park w/ Eno Mtn. 2 blocks. Completely Redone. Hardwood floors, ceiling fans in all rooms, new fixtures. Wash/Dry, dish wash, full size fridge and stove, new counters, covered front porch, back porch, large yard and driveway. Quiet. Email or call. 561-667-3956


CHARMING COUNTRY HOME FOR RENT 3 bedrooms, 2 full baths. 10 minutes from Duke on 2 acres in Orange County next to Lockridge artists community. Recently renovated, all new ceramic tile bathrooms, kitchen cabinets and solid surface counter tops, all new appliances including refrigerator, range, microwave, washer/dryer and hardwood floors. Private deck and 8X8 storage shed. Duke forest and Johnstons Mill within walking distance. Pets negotiable, no smoking please. Available August 1, $1300. 919-933-6559


SURVEY TAKERS NEEDED: Make $5-$25 per survey.

COLONY HILL Two story townhouse at 122 Twisted Oak Place. Information, pictures,


NEED MORE SPACE? DREAM HIGHER LOFT AND BUNK BEDS for on and off-campus. Easy-ToAssemble Kits & Do-It-Yourself Plans. duke 866-739-2331

Answer to puzzle


would like to take this space to reflect on the greatest mistake of my Duke career.

Having left two assignments to the last minute due to conflicting commitments and poor time management, I made a choice I had never made before and never will again. Under time pressure, unable to complete the assignments and afraid of receiving a poor grade, I panicked and copied papers which had been left in a computer lab by a fellow student. My actions were disrespectful to my professor, who I like and respect as both a professor and a person. And I am sorry for placing him in this situation. My actions were also an affront to my own deeply felt sense of honor and integrity. I was not proud of myself then, and I am not proud of myself now. Over the past weeks I have been forced to deeply consider the impact of my actions. I have had to inform professors, friends, and family of what I had done. I have also been able to see how my actions can ripple through the community. Though I have never cheated before, and never will cheat again, past professors and classmates won’t be able to help wondering if I might have done this in their class. And in future classes my professors may wonder if another student is cheating. Everyone knows cheating is wrong. Unfortunately it took this incident for me to realize just how wrong it is. Don’t make the same mistake.

Having trouble with papers, tests, or even homework? Academic dishonesty is not the solution. I’ve been there. Don’t do it. Help is available. Contact the Academic Resource Center (919) 684-5917


WEDNESDAY, JULY 1, 2009 | 45

Diversions Shoe Chris Cassatt and Gary Brookins

Dilbert Scott Adams

Doonesbury Garry Trudeau

The Chronicle Rolly C. Miller’s grand send off: Always welcome in 301 flowers: ...............................................Hon the staff box won’t be the same: .............................................. Will I AM pretty cute: .............................................................. Emmeline gonna miss that 5 am wake up call: .....................................JJ, Toni ...and the off color remarks: .................................................... Gabe park that harley on the quad anytime: .............................. Naclerio just heed some of bonnie’s advice, for once:.....................Naureen take care of yourself guy: .................................................... Lindsey Rolly C. Miller is outta here: .....................................................Rolly

Ink Pen Phil Dunlap

Student Advertising Manager: ..............................Margaret Potter Account Executives: ....... Jack Taylor, Cordelia Biddle, Lianna Gao, Quinn Wang, Melissa Reyes, James Shoetan Amber Su, Paul Yen, Cap Young Creative Student Managers: ................Alexandra Bellis, Akara Lee Creative Services: ...............................Lauren Bledsoe, Danjie Fang Christine Hall, Megan Meza Online Archivist: ............................................................. Rolly Miller Business Assistants: .................... Stephanie Kye, Rebecca Winebar


The Palace International Authentic African Cuisine

Voice Lessons * Beginner * Advanced Beginner * Private lessons Permission to register: by audition Auditions in 019 Biddle

1104A Broad St. • Durham • 416-4922

Monday, Aug. 24 1:30 - 4 pm Tuesday, Aug. 25 10:30 am-12 pm; 1:30-4 pm

2 blocks from East Tues-Sat 11am-2pm, 5pm-10pm • Fri & Sat till 12mid

* Sign up for an audition at 075 Biddle Music Bldg.

~ Call for Catering ~

Dine In • Take Out • Catering

Fill in the grid so that every row, every column and every 3x3 box contains the digits 1 through 9. (No number is repeated in any column, row or box.)

The Independent Daily at Duke University

The Chronicle

46 | WEDNESDAY, JULY 1, 2009

End to Trustees Wall Street blues Democratic state Sen. Dan est governing body. Blue, Law ’73, will officially If the Board’s chair is assume the role of chair of largely a figurehead, then Duke’s Board of Trustees this Blue is an ideal pick for the month. Robert Steel, Trinity job. When Steel was elected ’73, will step chair in down after fill2005, the staff editorial ing his term University limitations. touted him as the first DurThe Board’s institution ham native to hold the poof term limits, which restrict sition. Although Steel was members to two consecutive raised just off East Campus, six-year terms, was put in his career as an investment place to promote frequent banker and a bureaucrat turnover and bring new transplanted him from the energy to the Board. Blue, local community to the heart who previously served as the of Wall Street, and he lived Board’s vice chair, has long in Connecticut during his been expected to be Steel’s tenure as chair. successor. Although Blue’s asBlue, on the other hand, cension comes as no surprise, is a North Carolinian through we believe his transition is an and through. His appointment especially positive shift for makes him the first black chair the University that will mark of the Board, but Blue’s presa fresh start for Duke’s high- ence in the local community

If ‘conduct’ isn’t a ‘crime’ or ‘violation,’ how can it be punished? Students have a right to know what is and isn’t a crime or violation, without someone sneaking up behind them and saying, ‘Gotcha! That’s now a violation because we say so.’

—“Learned Hand” commenting on the story “Office of Student Conduct debuts July 1.” Read more at

LETTERS POLICY The Chronicle welcomes submissions in the form of letters to the editor or guest columns. Submissions must include the author’s name, signature, department or class, and for purposes of identification, phone number and local address. Letters should not exceed 325 words; contact the editorial department for information regarding guest columns. The Chronicle will not publish anonymous or form letters or letters that are promotional in nature. The Chronicle reserves the right to edit letters and guest columns for length, clarity and style and the right to withhold letters based on the discretion of the editorial page editor.

Direct submissions to: Editorial Page Department The Chronicle Box 90858, Durham, NC 27708

Phone: (919) 684-2663 Fax: (919) 684-4696 E-mail:

The Chronicle

Inc. 1993

WILL ROBINSON, Editor HON LUNG CHU, Managing Editor EMMELINE ZHAO, News Editor GABE STAROSTA, Sports Editor MICHAEL NACLERIO, Photography Editor SHUCHI PARIKH, Editorial Page Editor MICHAEL BLAKE, Editorial Board Chair ALEX KLEIN, Online Editor JONATHAN ANGIER, General Manager LINDSEY RUPP, University Editor SABREENA MERCHANT, Sports Managing Editor JULIUS JONES, Local & National Editor JINNY CHO, Health & Science Editor GLEN GUTTERSON, News Photography Editor ANDREW HIBBARD, Recess Editor EMILY BRAY, Editorial Page Managing Editor ASHLEY HOLMSTROM, Wire Editor CHARLIE LEE, Design Editor CHELSEA ALLISON, Towerview Editor EUGENE WANG, Recess Managing Editor CHASE OLIVIERI, Multimedia Editor ZAK KAZZAZ, Recruitment Chair MARY WEAVER, Operations Manager BARBARA STARBUCK, Production Manager REBECCA DICKENSON, Chapel Hill Ad Sales Manager

is even more of an asset in the public’s perception of him. A veteran N.C. legislator, Blue established roots in Durham as an undergraduate at North Carolina Central University and as a student at the School of Law. After earning his law degree, Blue went to work for former North Carolina governor and Duke president Terry Sanford. In 1976, he started Raleigh law firm Blue, Stephens & Fellers, where he continues to work today. Although Blue’s race is an important symbol to the black community, the fact that Blue has spent his entire career in nearby Raleigh, and not on Wall Street, is an equally refreshing milestone for the Board of Trustees. In the N.C. General Assembly,

which is typically dominated by alumni from state schools like the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and North Carolina State University, Blue gives Duke a voice that will now be more prominently associated with the University. The transition from Steel to Blue coincides with a loss of public faith in Wall Street. And in many ways it makes sense for the Trustees to put a politician in charge. The Board is a governing body, after all, and this is the perfect juncture for the University to move away from the Wall Street paradigm that has begun to permeate its Trustees. Blue is a charismatic face who will allow Duke to reach out to a broader community. His selection also provides a well-timed break for current

vice chair Rick Wagoner, Trinity ’75, who is expected to succeed Blue in 2011, to assume a lower profile after a tumultuous end to his career as chief executive officer of General Motors. We believe Blue’s appointment as chair marks a favorable shift away from the Wall Street dominance of the Board of Trustees. His experience, his race and his Triangle roots make him a symbol of which the University can be proud. Moroever, Blue has emphasized that he believes in transparency for the Board. This is an especially promising sign given the Trustees restrictive media policy implemented last year under Steel. But Blue, like all politicians, should be expected to follow his words with real change. We will hold him to it.

Reality Check


Est. 1905



ZACHARY TRACER, University Editor JULIA LOVE, Features Editor TONI WEI, Local & National Editor RACHNA REDDY, Health & Science Editor COURTNEY DOUGLAS, Sports Photography Editor AUSTIN BOEHM, Editorial Page Managing Editor REBECCA WU, Editorial Page Managing Editor NAUREEN KHAN, Senior Editor SWETHA SUNDAR, Graphics Editor BEN COHEN, Towerview Editor MADDIE LIEBERBERG, Recess Photography Editor LAWSON KURTZ, Towerview Photography Editor CAROLINE MCGEOUGH, Recruitment Chair CHRISSY BECK, Advertising/Marketing Director MONICA FRANKLIN, Durham Ad Sales Manager STEPHANIE RISBON, Administrative Coordinator

The Chronicle is published by the Duke Student Publishing Company, Inc., a non-profit corporation independent of Duke University. The opinions expressed in this newspaper are not necessarily those of Duke University, its students, faculty, staff, administration or trustees. Unsigned editorials represent the majority view of the editorial board. Columns, letters and cartoons represent the views of the authors. To reach the Editorial Office at 301 Flowers Building, call 684-2663 or fax 684-4696. To reach the Business Office at 103 West Union Building, call 684-3811. To reach the Advertising Office at 101 West Union Building call 684-3811 or fax 684-8295. Visit The Chronicle Online at © 2009 The Chronicle, Box 90858, Durham, N.C. 27708. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form without the prior, written permission of the Business Office. Each individual is entitled to one free copy.

There’s a conversation going on right now. “Journalism is changing,” is what it usually begins with. “Newspapers are dying,” is its natural conclusion. At some point, an enthusiastic college journalist chimes in with, “Journalism’s not dying, it’s just evolving.” But then this young idealist is challenged to offer a business model that will allow good journalism—the kind that strikes a genuine balance between will robinson what readers want from the editor to know and what they need to know—to survive. At this point, the enthusiastic objector is usually perplexed. The questions stumps me too. But as the editor of the 105th volume of The Chronicle, I will ensure that we do everything we can to keep up with the frantic exchange of ideas in the information age. The paper that this column is printed on is just one component of the product that The Chronicle will be offering this year. You can also follow our Twitter feeds, track our blogs and read our coverage on a new Web site that will debut this Fall at It’s all part of an effort to keep up with the ideas that are swapped every day on this campus and the speed of the conversations around us. Some voices are heard loud and clear in this din, while others sound faint and distant. But The Chronicle is at the center of the swirling mass. As the Duke community’s independent student newspaper, it is our duty to make sense of this whirlwind of ideas. Whether our readers are digesting a front page news story or a controversial editorial, The Chronicle should be raising the level of debate that people have about this University. But, hold on, because now I am devolving into the kind of pretentious language that turns many readers off to good journalism—a conversationstopper of sorts. As journalists, we also have to stop taking ourselves so seriously if we want to survive. To our readers we’re just not that big of a deal anymore. In a digital world, we don’t possess the same monopoly over information that we once did. We still ascribe to an ethical code that mandates thorough, fair, accurate and transparent journalism, but we can’t tell our readers that they should read us if they know what’s good for them. They will scoff at our

hubris by migrating to any of the infinite number of publications available on the Web. Journalists today have to shift from “a lecture mode into a conversation,” as blogger Dan Gillmor puts it, by seeing ourselves less like “oracles” of information, and more like your helpful (and humble) “guides” to the issues. That will be our goal this year. Because at the end of the day we can change our attitudes, our medium and our content, but our journalism means nothing without our readers. So Volume 105 will keep an open mind. We will strive to expand the way we think about our journalism, but we still won’t forget about our purpose. The Chronicle has shaped the public debate at this University for more than a hundred years. And we have been enstrusted with the responsibility of continuing that tradition. The theme of Volume 105’s send home issue is the economic recession and its impact on Duke. Take a look at our front page story to see how recent Duke graduates are faring in their efforts to find employment in a down economy. Turn to pages 14 and 15 to see how the University is coping with its $125 million budget deficit, and how Durham plans to respond to cutbacks from the City’s largest employer. Consult the editorial above this column to read our thoughts on the appointment of new Board of Trustees chair Dan Blue. It’s our way of getting conversation started. So join the dialogue and tell us what you think. And if you’re interested in being a part of The Chronicle, let us know, because everyone is welcome. Whether you want to report news, pen magazine features, cover sports, critique music, write blog posts, lay out pages, shoot photos, film videos, update Twitter feeds or help design our new Web site, there’s a place where you can contribute to our newsroom’s discourse. If you aren’t interested, then read us, and give us a chance to be a part of your conversations. The 105th volume will strive to embody our role as: “The Tower of Campus Thought and Action,” without having to display it pompously across our masthead. Let the conversation begin.

Will Robinson is a Trinity junior and editor of The Chronicle. Reach him at



Summer musings

he distinguishing feature of summer for any student is freedom. There’s no better time for creative enterprise than when restrictions and opportunity costs are low: if college qualifies as a fulltime job, then summer is a full-time experiment. May through August is prime time for the outrageous and unpredictable, which, depending on your standpoint, is pretty exciting. You can literally do whatever you want, whenever you want. It’s a far cry from college where everything can seem a tad cyclical at times. The Duke narratives are pretty much givens after a while: the DSG-Administraben brostoff tion battle, the “How bro’s stuff should we use the endowment?” debate and the inevitable slew of post-LDOC reform plans grow stale after the first time you hear them. Summer, fortunately, spares us the tired narratives. Summer inspires a sort of free-spiritedness that represses itself shortly after freshman orientation, does not reappear until LDOC and then goes into hibernation until finals conclude. Enshrined by academics on all sides, it’s easy at school to fall into the type of functional fixedness trap psychologists describe wherein creativity takes a back seat to traditional thinking. In the classroom, the only tools you have essentially are the ones granted to you by the academic method. While this method is obviously valuable because it puts a check on ridiculous claims and the like, it does box in creative thinkers to some degree by imposing parameters on what can be done. Write a paper and be prepared to work within a subset of fastidious rules to maintain credibility. Go to Myrtle Beach and be prepared to observe no rules and care little about credibility. Summer is one of the few times in pre-post-college life when well organized checkpoints and milestones aren’t neatly laid out for you. Indeed, no one gives you a certificate of achievement or diploma for going on a road trip, making it all the way through the On De-

mand library or, God forbid, getting a job. Ironically, summer might actually be the true adolescent test of character because it begs the question of where to go when the beaten path veers off to no man’s land. Humor me and say summer, not undergraduate education, is where our most formative and visceral experiences as young adults occur. If you look at how pre-packaged a lot of supposed top college experiences are, it’s not that outlandish of a notion. Even our own school has a sort of planned-out feel: move-in, tent, rush, laugh, cry and graduate, with a couple of Shooters visits for good measure. Every school propagates messages about what types of experiences you should be having and does its best to ensure you can and will have those sacred experiences. Perhaps the spontaneity and craziness that the media (and Asher Roth) attempts to portray as unique to college is really more descriptive of summer, or, better yet, real life. Perhaps. I would argue that you could find every fact ever uttered in a Duke lecture hall online if you looked hard enough. If you strip college of the types of experiences that cannot be reconstructed or forgotten, then, outside of late charges at the public library, undergraduate education is virtually worthless. For the record, I’m a big proponent of staying in school, if not for obvious reasons, then because… it’s a pretty good time. But a life-altering time? Frankly, I don’t know. From a purely crystallized knowledge perspective, a good amount of people hardly utilize any of the skills their college major covered in their actual jobs. From a life experience standpoint, I briefly mentioned in my last column that the Grant Study noted that the most well adjusted college graduates were often the most maladjusted adults, and vice versa. The jury is clearly out on this one. I can say with conviction that a month and change removed from school, summer hasn’t lost its allure; rather, its value is greater now than ever. With only a few prolonged warm weather vacations remaining before the 0’s on our W-4s become 1’s, it makes sense to live them to the fullest. Sure, summer isn’t a private university. Maybe it’s better. Ben Brostoff is a Trinity sophomore.

My gut, my pioneer


WEDNESDAY, JULY 1, 2009 | 47


ood things come from trusting your instincts. I know it when I am hollering at Egypt score against Italy on a 32-inch TV screen with 100 belligerent Sierra Leonean men. We are thinking nothing and feeling only raw emotion, strong as a bullet, knocking in our guts and in our heads. The same visceral feeling builds when riding on a motorcycle 27 miles in elbow-deep bush, and when trudgcourtney han ing through rivers with pants rolled, socks and the good life? shoes in hand. Hunger rises like Wonderbread, as do disappointment, frustration and thirst, which mixes into a weary cocktail of emotional confusion that comes with community-building and data collection. The sensations are real, the heat is real, the lizards that fall from the ceiling and land in your hair are real. I have Duke to thank (and blame) for this trip. Until late in my junior year, my box was Durham, and many a decision I yielded to reason at the expense of instinct. Fortunately help was there when I decided to pursue an impulse. A Duke friend, now working as a director for Beefreed, a beekeeping company, nudged me into Sierra Leone for a rural finance internship. On my third day, I drove past a Duke student leading a Robertson Scholars program. I commiserate with another Dukie who is teaching here, and correspond with a Duke Professor in Tanzania about my thesis research there next month. Duke has provided financial support for both trips, and neither from DukeEngage. Short of this impromptu network, there are plenty of Dukie gut-thinkers, free-wheelers, pioneer-doers and fortune-seekers elsewhere, shredding the walls of their boxes and landing in uncharted, sometimes hos-

tile, territory. You’ll find them as Admissions Ambassadors preparing to welcome about 1,720 students to the Class of 2013. They are founders of the “One Duke, United” campaign, lobbying campus to put an end to minority recruitment weekends, or Students of the World, filming a documentary in the Amazon. They are Davis Foundation grantees implementing projects of peace, kooky talents in Small Town Records and researchers in the lab and field, from the heart of the Pentagon to the edges of Papua New Guinea. Now, I know that few students will be driven by instincts as specific as these. In the first week or month here, you’ll be living off a different set of impulses. The speeches you’ll hear will appear as a pile of saccharine words that do not inspire you about the next four years because you’re thinking only of your first parent-free night of stale frat beer and hormone-heavy commons rooms. Push aside all the tiresome hubbub and just take away this: starving your gut is a losing game. If there’s one thing Duke can give you, it is the security of knowing that your gut pursuit is worth supporting. But when you reach your senior summer, you’ll look back and think—Duke, I miss her. You’ll long for Southern evenings wet and warm as a lover’s mouth, and for the accompanying soft humidity that leaks out of the shadows and settles in droopy mounds under lamps and Gothic tracery across West Campus. You’ll think of it as a magical place where cats groom downy paws on paths of stone, midnight couples swap injuries in alcoves and glass ponds house perennial fowl, pausing, homeward-bound. We will agree; Duke is a lovely place to roost. But just as you followed your instincts when you applied, trust your gut and pursue what drives you when you’re here and when you venture out. Take my words for whatever they’re worth: If you’ve signed up for this crazy, mixed-up four-year trip, your hunch is true. This is your place. Welcome home. Courtney Han is a Trinity senior.

Bring Brodhead in to teach


n his curriculum vitae, President Richard Brodhead is listed as holding two titles at Duke University: President, and Professor of English. But five years after he accepted the former of these two jobs, he has not yet officially performed the latter. Why hasn’t Brodhead—one of Yale’s most beloved scholars during his tenure as the A. Bartlett Giamatti Professor of English, and a 19th century literature expert of wide acclaim—ever stepped into a Duke classroom for a semester? It’s something English majors like myself have pondered from time to time, so I stopped by his office June 18 to ask him. “I don’t think, in the near future, I see a way for me to teach a whole course,” said Brodhead. “But I know in my life I will teach again. I’ll teach all kinds nathan freeman of things again.” good night, Though mum on the subject and good luck of when he’ll take on a class, Brodhead emphasized his lifelong passion for the classroom, and explained that he can still fulfill the role of educator from his office in the Allen Building. “When I was in college, I wanted to be a teacher, and that’s what I became—but then I also became a scholar, and then I got responsibilities for other things at universities,” he said. “But if I’m ever stopped at an airport and asked for my profession or something like that, I’ll usually say teacher. What am I going to say—administrator?” As president, Brodhead has read poetry in the Nasher, given countless talks on campus and off and stopped by the odd English class to deliver a guest lecture, but he has not yet stepped behind the podium of his own class. It goes without saying that it’s a position for which he would be eminently qualified. At Yale, he climbed the ranks of the Department of English—from a Ph.D. student, to a junior professor and eventually to its chair. But he wasn’t just an English professor—he was a rock star at the lectern with classes that were “packed to the rafters,” Yale Associate Dean Penelope Laurans recalled to The Yale Herald, a Yale student newspaper, upon Brodhead’s departure to Duke in 2004. In 1980, the Yale Daily News, another student-run newspaper at Yale, printed an editorial entitled “Make me late for Brodhead” that criticized the slow tenure process by mentioning his burgeoning reputation: “Assistant professor of English Richard Brodhead, whose teaching skill has drawn an award from the Phi Beta Kappa Society, raves in the Course Critique and high course enrollment, is up for tenure this year. If the University continues effectively to ignore teaching ability as a criterion for tenure, Brodhead probably won’t be around to be late for.” But Yale did not ignore Brodhead’s ability—it embraced it for the next 24 years. When Brodhead decided to abscond to Durham, Yale brass came out in full force to let everyone know what the New Haven institution was losing. “Dick Brodhead is one of the finest educators of his generation and one of the greatest deans in Yale’s 300-year history,” Yale President Richard Levin wrote in an e-mail to his university’s community upon news of Brodhead’s departure. “The trouble is that my way of teaching doesn’t marry easily with the job I now have,” he said. “I don’t like to pull notes out and walk into a room and teach from old notes. I like to reread everything I teach, I like to think it through again… and the trouble now is, when would I do it?” What if you had, I asked him, a “battalion of TAs” to help you with the material? “See, a ‘battalion of TAs?’” Brodhead repeated, skeptically. “I don’t want to be making cameo appearance, or doing star turns. That’s not my idea of teaching.” Yes, Brodhead’s job may leave little free time to teach a class, but the practice is not unheard of: A 2006 survey by the American Council on Education reported that 20 percent of college and university presidents teach a course as well. And Duke’s president should increase that percentage. Though he may be booked for the time being, Brodhead should start taking the necessary steps to allow for a future semester when he can helm an English course. Five years after Yale students lost their chance to show up late to Brodhead’s class, Duke students still can’t show up at all. But if they could show up, they’d find that his itch to rip back into his cherished areas of study has not abated at all. “What would I teach?” he wondered aloud, smiling, his voice rising with excitement. “Oh!—Let’s not even go there, let’s not even go there, let’s not even go there...” Nathan Freeman is a Trinity senior.

48 | WEDNESDAY, JULY 1, 2009

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News section of July 1st, 2009 issue of the Duke Chronicle