The Chronicle THE INDEPENDENT DAILY AT DUKE UNIVERSITY
THURSDAY, JUNE 18, 2009
ONE HUNDRED AND FIFTH YEAR, ISSUE S6
Clinton recalls ‘angry, happy man’ Scholarship will assist post-9/11 vets
Ex-president highlights Franklin celebration by Emmeline Zhao THE CHRONICLE
In October 1995, on the eve of his reception of the Presidential Medal of Freedom, John Hope Franklin was handed a coat check by a white woman while entering a Washington D.C. club. The woman had assumed Franklin was a club employee and not a patron. The then-80-year-old black historian patiently responded that if she would ask an attendant—all of whom were in uniform—then she could perhaps retrieve her coat. Former president Bill Clinton retold this account from Franklin’s autobiography “Mirror to America” at an event celebrating the lives of Franklin and his wife, Aurelia Franklin, last Thursday in an overflowing Duke Chapel decorated with the Franklins’ signature orchids. “We’re laughing,” Clinton said to the amused audience. “He did write this in a funny way, and he wrote it in a way that you knew he didn’t think it was funny. He was a genius in being a passionate rationalist—an angry, happy man. A happy, angry man.” Clinton was the last of 12 speakers—a pool of Franklin’s family, colleagues and friends, including Franklin and Aurelia’s son John Whittington Franklin and trustee emerita Mary Duke Biddle Trent Semans. But the 42nd U.S. president was just one of many who alluded to Franklin’s ineffable character, indignant sense of humor and SEE CELEBRATION ON PAGE 9
by Lindsey Rupp THE CHRONICLE
Graduate and professional students may soon have a new, 71-year-old housing option on Duke University Road. Capstone Companies, a student housing firm based in Birmingham, Ala., finalized its acquistion of University Apartments from University Associates, a Winston-Salem based company, May 29. “We are a student housing company and because of the proximity to Duke and because of the number of students in the area... we do intend to reach out to the school and see what its graduate and professional student housing needs are,” said Rick Hansen, Capstone’s senior vice president for acquisitions and renovations. Some neighbors are concerned the new owners will recruit students to replace current working class tenants, said Anne Thornhill, president of the Burch Area Neighborhood Association. Thornhill’s association represents the neighborhood that borders the apartments, which are located at the intersection of Duke University Road and Underwood Avenue. Thornhill said the neighborhood considers Duke students part of its community as they compose 30 to 35 percent of the neighborhood, but she said she does not want the University Apartments to cater exclusively to student residents. “One of the wonderful things about our neighborhood is the Duke students—undergraduate and graduate, although mostly
Effective Aug. 1, Duke will provide eligible veterans with $770,000 in cumulative annual financial aid from all of its schools, with matching aid from the Department of Veterans Affairs, University officials announced Wednesday. The initiative is in response to the Yellow Ribbon Program of the Post-9/11 GI Bill to help veterans pursue their educational goals. When University officials decided to join the voluntary program, they concluded that the benefits veterans bring to campus outweigh the financial cost, said Michael Schoenfeld, vice president for public affairs and government relations. “[As] much as we have made needbased financial aid an imperative for the institution, this really builds on the University’s commitment to making a Duke education affordable, accessible and available for anybody,” Schoenfeld said. “And it is especially important for veterans— people who have really made extraordinary sacrifices and commitments to the country—and one of many ways we hope both Duke and the Department of Veterans Affairs can repay our debt to them.” President Richard Brodhead could not be reached for comment Wednesday. The Post-GI Bill pays up to the highest public in-state undergraduate tuition and fees for the state in which eligible veterans wish to attend college. To be eligible for the full amount, a veteran must have served 36 months of active duty after September 10, 2001 and been honorably discharged—or have served at least 30 consecutive days of active duty before being discharged due to a service-related disability, the VA Web site states. The Yellow Ribbon Program allows private institutions to fund up to half the difference between their institution and the highest public in-state tuition. To qualify for Yellow Ribbon assistance, a veteran must qualify for maximum assistance under the Post-GI Bill. The aid is provided on a firstcome, first-served basis, the VA reports. Although the University as a whole has pledged $770,000 from its institutional financial aid budget to veterans, the amount of money available and the number of veterans who are eligible varies between schools, according to the VA Web site. Only $15,000 will fund undergraduates. Duke, for example, can cover up to half the difference in expenses between its $39,080 undergraduate tuition and fees, according to the admissions Web
SEE APARTMENTS ON PAGE 12
SEE SCHOLARSHIP ON PAGE 7
MICHAEL NACLERIO/THE CHRONICLE
As the last in a series of 12 speakers, former president Bill Clinton reminisces about the late historian John Hope Franklin at the Duke Chapel last Thursday. Franklin, who passed away in March, was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom and appointed to head a White House committee on race during Clinton’s presidency.
University Apartments change hands by Lindsey Rupp THE CHRONICLE
MICHAEL NACLERIO/THE CHRONICLE
The 71-years-old University Apartments, sold to the student-housing firm Capstone Companies May 29, is expected to undergo major renovations.
ONTHERECORD “...There is a certain value of human life and the message we send is that black life is not as valuable as white life.” — N.C. Coalition for a Moratorium Coordinator Jeremy Collins on the Racial Justice Act. See story page 4
Men’s Tennis: Recruiting Coup Duke snags Brazilian Henrique Cunha, one of the best junior players in the world, PAGE 10
Rare collections: there’s an app for that, Page 3
2 | THURSDAY, JUNE 18, 2009
U.S. blamed for election drama
Man searches for identity
Holocaust museum guard reflects on tragic shooting
KALKASKA, Mich. — The same chubby cheeks. The same round face and bright, blue eyes. And, most important, the faint scar on his chin. John Barnes does indeed bear a striking resemblance to photos of a 2-year-old boy who was snatched from outside a bakery on New York’s Long Island in 1955. And he hopes DNA tests will confirm the suspicions he’s harbored virtually his entire life—that the couple who raised him were not his biological parents. “I’m really glad that I’m finally finding all of this out, finding out who I’m related to. Because I didn’t want to get old and die and not know,”Barnes, a laborer who is now in his 50s, told The Associated Press Wednesday. The idea Barnes was kidnapped five decades ago has “flabbergasted” the family he has known for his entire life.Asked about a possible abduction, the man who raised Barnes called the idea“a bunch of foolishness.”
WHITE PLAINS, Md. — After retiring from a 27-year career as a D.C. police officer, Harry Weeks thought working security at the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum would provide a quieter way to make a living. A typical day involved greeting visitors and analyzing images of handbags as they passed through a magnetometer. The new job turned violent, though, when 50-year-old Weeks and another guard were forced to fire last Wednesday at a white supremacist who authorities said shot and killed one of their colleagues. The memory of that day is still raw, evident in Weeks’ distant eyes and tense body as he described how he’s used time with loved ones, cigarettes and prayer to help him cope. “It’s not going to be the same anymore,” Weeks said during an interview in the family room of his White Plains, Md., home.
Love is a choice you make from moment to moment. — Barbara de Angelis
TEHRAN, Iran — Iran directly accused the United States of meddling in the deepening crisis over a disputed presidential election and broadened its media clampdown Wednesday to include blogs and news Web sites. But protesters took to the streets in growing defiance of the country’s Islamic rulers. The sweep of events—including more arrests and a call for another mass opposition march through Tehran—displayed the sharpening attacks by authorities but also the unprecedented challenges directed at the very heart of Iran’s Islamic regime: its supreme leader and the cleric-run system. Any serious shift of the protest anger toward Iran’s non-elected theocracy would sharply change the stakes. Instead of a clash over the June 12 election results, it would become a showdown over the core premise of Iran’s system of rule—the almost unlimited authority of the clerics at the top.
Online Excerpt Below are the three steps on how to be in a boy band: 1) After signing with a very suspicious middle-aged man, release two or three albums that simply own the charts, captivating the minds of young audiences, while weathering the vitriol of people who claim to really know music.... — Jordan Axt Continue reading The Playground, the Recess Blog, at www.dukechronicle.com
TODAY IN HISTORY 1885: The Statue of Liberty arrived in New York City
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THURSDAY, JUNE 18, 2009 | 3
Library collections go digital on iPhone Duke Energy by Toni Wei THE CHRONICLE
The newest version of DukeMobile, an application available for free on the Apple App Store, includes an image feature, which allows users to view the University’s rare images collection on the iPhone and iPod Touch. The application, originally launched in March, was developed by the same firm that made iStanford, a similar application for Stanford ord University. DukeMobile currently tly provides unique images from 20 digigital collections in a range of topics. “I really believe that special colollections are going to be what diffferentiates each library from onee another, and as we go into elecctronic resources, the more ways we can share those with the world, thee better,” said Deborah Jakubs, Uni-iversity librarian and vice provost for or library affairs. She added that Duke University ty Libraries is the first library to creeate a platform specifically for its ts digital collections to be viewed on n an iPhone or iPod Touch, although h Jakubs said she hopes other librararies will do the same. “It would make these really speecial collections much more widely ly accessible and available,” she said. d. “You know every library has a dififferent set of collections, and for all of us to be able to surface them in n this way is tremendous.” The project has been in the works rks since this Spring, said Jill Katte, digital collections program coordinator t off Duke Libraries. Discussions with the Office of Information and Technology and its application services on incorporating library collections into the DukeMobile suite began in March.
Katte said OIT was responsible for most of the technical work, but the library formatted the digital collections for mobile usage, so OIT could integrate them into the application. Steve O’Donnell, senior communications strategist for OIT, said the new feature was developed in conjunction with TerriblyClever, the external vendor based in California that d developed DukeMobile. Any new digital collections in the future will be added to the applicafu tion, Jakubs said, as long as the Uniti versity owns the intellectual property v rights. r “Because the library kind of has an ongoing commitment to digitization, we hope to add more content in the future,” Katte said. c “One thing that I think is impor“ tant to point out is that all of this t content is freely available on the c Web W already, [the new application] is just another way of accessing it. I think... that’s kind of the mission of th libraries and programs—to increase lib use us and accessibility of resources.” Jakubs said she sees a wide variety et of uses for the iPhone application ti and hopes it will attract a wide audience. au Katte added that the application was w primarily developed with the Duke community in mind, but peoD ple pl involved in research would also benefit from the images in the collecbe tion. tio “The content of the digital collections themselves really support inlect terdisciplinary studies,” she said. “There t di are a number of different academic disciplines that can benefit from using these materials.”
Following mounting pressure from environmental nonprofit groups, Charlotte-based Duke Energy announced a significant price hike to help reduce energy consumption across the region, The Associated Press reported Friday. Starting in the Fall, North Carolina residents will pay $1.21 more per month for energy. Although the Fortune 500 company will take some of the revenue, the rest will go toward decreasing power usage. Although Duke’s electric power is provided by Duke Energy, the effect of the price increase and policy changes will not be as significant as in residential settings because the University gets an industrial-scale price, said Steam Systems Manager John Fidgeon. As for producing its own energy, Duke Sustainability’s biggest project for the next year is the East Campus Steam Plant, which should be up and running by November, Fidgeon said. “The East Campus steam plant will only produce steam to be used for heating, humidity control and sterilization,” said Russell Thompson, director of utilities and engineering in the facilities management department. “No power will be produced at this plant.” In the midst of an economic recession, Brenda Bumpass, a Duke Hospital lab assistant, said she knew that the price hike would make electric bills a struggle for her Durham neighbors and community. “I’ve been on an energy-efficient plan for years, but for the first time, my rate is going up,” she said. “A lot of other folks’ energy bills change each month and especially in the North Carolina summer with air conditioning, it’s going to
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raises rates Change burdensome for locals, but unlikely to impact Duke by Reshma Kalimi THE CHRONICLE
4 | THURSDAY, JUNE 18, 2009
McKissick, state legislators debate racial justice act by Julius Jones THE CHRONICLE
The North Carolina Racial Justice Act may soon allow death row inmates who believe their sentences were motivated by race to challenge their fate in court. The N.C. House Ways and Means Committee voted to approve the legislation June 9, bringing the bill one step closer to a vote on the House floor. The N.C. Senate passed the act May 14. If the bill becomes law, it will allow inmates—who can prove that race was a factor in the jury’s sentencing or the prosecutor’s decision to seek the death penalty—to have their sentence commuted to life in prison without the possibility of parole. In an unexpected turn of events, the N.C. Senate’s Minority Leader, Republican state Sen. Phil Berger of Eden—one of the bill’s opponents—added an amendment in the Senate aimed at ending the state’s de facto moratorium on the death penalty. If the full legislature approves the Senate version of the bill, then North Carolina could resume executions. Supporters of the bill said the legislation is essential to addressing the impact of racial disparities in the criminal justice system. “Race continues to play an important factor in the decision to seek and to implement the death penalty,” said Jeremy Collins, campaign coordinator of the N.C. Coalition for a Moratorium. “Not only does race continue to be a factor, but it also continues to be the most difficult to prove in court.”
Berger, however, said the bill was unnecessary because he did not believe race was a determinate factor in the decision to seek and impose the death penalty. He added that constitutional protections already exist under the equal protection clause of the 14th amendment if race was a factor in specific cases. “The Racial Justice Act does away with our historical reliance on jurisprudence and substitutes a statistical analysis that may or may not have any relevance to the particular case,” he said. Collins disagreed, noting that blacks disproportionately receive the death penalty and represent a large percentage of the prison population. Yet, there is no evidence to support the idea that they commit crimes at a rate that supports the disparity, he added. “That shows us two very important facts,” he said. “First, the race of the victim does matter in death penalty cases. Second, there is a certain value of human life and the message we send is that black life is not as valuable as white life.” Repbulican state Rep. Sarah Stevens of Mt. Airy, a member of the House Ways and Means committee who voted against the bill, said while she feels something should be done to address racial disparities in the justice system, she opposes the “trial by statistics” nature of the Racial Justice Act. “Let’s look at the issue not just statistically but from the legal perspectives.” Stevens SEE RACIAL JUSTICE ON PAGE 7
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A gas leak at the West Village Apartments Friday interrupted Duke employees and businesses at the complex. The cleanup completed at 1 p.m., about 4 hours after the discovery of the leak.
Gas leak disrupts West Village tenants by Toni Wei THE CHRONICLE
A gas leak in West Village Apartments resulted in a short interruption of more than 100 University employees’ workdays Friday morning. Construction in the area caused a rupture in a natural gas line at around 9 a.m. Friday, said Sierra Jackson, public affairs specialist for the Durham Fire Department. She added that a puddle of gas was spewing from the rupture. “Initially we were told that the area would be shut down until late afternoon, and then it was basically completed around noon or 1 [p.m.],” said Aaron Graves, associate vice president for campus safety and security. Businesses in the West Village complex reopened for normal operation after the rupture had been cleaned and the area had been cleared. An e-mail was sent to West Village residents Friday morning informing them of the ruptured pipe. No injuries were reported in the incident, and Graves said the procedure was very routine. “It happens from time to time during construction that they may strike a gas line and when it happens they take the normal
precautions,” Graves said. “It becomes an inconvenience, but because of potential hazards it’s best to get people out.” After the fire department was notified through a 911 call, the Cobb, O’Brien and Old Cigarette Factory buildings of the downtown Durham complex were quickly evacuated. Duke employees working for the University’s development and community affairs offices were among those temporarily displaced from their workspace. “We were notified that there was a gas leak that occurred on Main and Morgan [Streets], as a result of construction taking place in that area,” Graves said. “We know that we have some staff that work in that area so we dispatched one of our supervisors to the scene and to coordinate with [the Durham Police Department and the Durham Fire Department] to find out the extent of the evacuation so we could inform other members of the community and administration as to what was taking place.” Jackson said two fire engines and the hazardous materials team attended to the leak, and acting Battalion Chief Teresa Hayes was on hand to monitor the gas levels. Jackson added that Durham fire officials were on the scene for at least two hours, working with PSNC Energy to repair the line.
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Office of Student Conduct debuts July 1 Judge delays Judicial Affairs name change is in line with national trends by Lindsey Rupp THE CHRONICLE
When students return to campus this Fall, the Office of Judicial Affairs and the Undergraduate and Greek Judicial Boards will be different—but mostly in name. Effective July 1, these organizations will be renamed the Office of Student Conduct, the Undergraduate Conduct Board and the Greek Conduct Board, repectively. The new names more accurately reflect the mission of the office, said Stephen Bryan, associate dean of students and director of judicial affairs. “This is a national trend reflective that campus discipline procedures are not akin to what would happen downtown... when you hear terms like judicial... it seems adversarial from the get-go, and we’re not about that,” Bryan said. “We wanted the name to reflect what we do, which is help students learn from their mistakes and poor choices.” On a national level, the name change has been in discussion for two years, said Tamara King, president of the Association for Student Conduct Administration. King said the ASCA did not initiate the name change trend across the nation, but campuses like Duke’s have adopted names they feel better encompass the goals of judicial affairs administrators. “[The name change] kind of recognizes that there are a variety of ways to address student conduct, not just the strict ‘us versus them’ dualistic approach,” King said. “There are often times when we as judicial officials are asked to adjudicate models that are not necessarily a criminal offense.... So having the ability to address student conduct in other venues is probably a good idea, it allows you to shape your system according to the situation.” Although the office does try to encourage behavior in accordance with the Duke Community Standard, it also carries out all disciplinary action. This year, for example, it is changing the policy for those who discharge fire extinguishers, Bryan said. Bryan said many fire extinguishers—about one a
week—were discharged last year. He added that Residence Life and Housing Services wanted to charge students a $1,000 fine for discharging a fire extinguisher, but the Office of Judicial Affairs decided the fine would unfairly be more of a burden to some students. Instead, the office decided to revoke students’ oncampus housing privileges in response to setting off an extinguisher. “Once the [disciplinary] process concludes and the student loses their residence privileges, they will be asked to leave [their dormitory] within a certain time period, which is typically 48 hours,” Bryan said.
“We wanted the name to reflect what we do, which is help students learn from their mistakes and poor choices.” — Stephen Bryan, director of judicial affairs Bryan said RLHS and the Office of Judicial Affairs will inform students of the change with e-mail reminders, move-in packets and posters. Still, he expected some students to be unaware of the new consequence. “My experience has been you can dangle it in front of students’ faces and they won’t pay any attention to it until it’s on their personal radar,” Bryan said. “The Residence Life staff will be working to get the message out and I send an e-mail out to students at the beginning of the year... but undoubtedly a student will discharge a fire extinguisher and say, ‘I didn’t know.’” Bryan said last year, 18 students were suspended and one student was expelled for academic dishonesty. These numbers are on-par with the 19 suspensions and zero expulsions in the 2007-08 academic year, but are down from the five-year average of 29 suspensions.
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The trial of Demario Atwater, one of two men charged with the March 2008 murder of Eve Carson, was delayed by a federal judge until May 2010, the Associated Press reported Monday. Judge James Beaty granted the request of Atwater’s lawyers to delay the trial, after they claimed the originally scheduled Nov. 2 start date was too soon to prepare for the trial. Atwater, 22, faces charges of kidnapping and carjacking in federal court and a capital murder charge at the state level. Federal and state prosecutors have said they intend to seek the death penalty. Carson, then student body president at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, was found shot to death just off of the university’s campus March 5, 2008. Prosecuters claim that Atwater, along with Laurence Lovette, 18, abducted Carson from her home, forced her to withdraw money from an ATM and killed her. If convicted, Lovette will not receive the death penalty because he was a minor at the time of the crime. —from staff reports
6 | THURSDAY, JUNE 18, 2009
Legal scholar, redistricting expert leaves legacy at School of Law by Lindsey Rupp THE CHRONICLE
Professor of Law Robinson Everett, a former judge on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces, died in his sleep last week. Still an active professor, he was finishing grading papers from his Spring courses at the time of his death at 81. At age 22, Everett became the youngest person ever to teach in the School of Law, and he was the most senior member of the faculty when he died. Everett was a part of the Duke Law faculty for 51 years, according to a news release on the School of Law’s Web site. David Levi, dean of the School of Law, said Everett had a great reputation as a legal scholar both locally and across the nation. “He was not just a force in the Durham community, very active, but he was a naRobinson Everett tionally known lawyer, very known on the national scene and people all over the country knew Robbie and worked with him,” Levi said. He also left a visible mark on the School of Law with the Center on Law, Ethics and National Security, which Everett founded in 1993. “Anything you say about Robbie Everett is an understatement,” said Scott Silliman, executive director of the Center on Law, Ethics and National Security. “As I traveled with him… I never met anyone who didn’t respect him, didn’t hold him in the highest esteem and didn’t love him as a man.” Everett and his mother wished to establish the center at Duke to teach and study national security law, Silliman said. At the time, only one other such center existed, he added. Beyond his half-century influence at the University, Everett was also influential as both a plaintiff and attorney in North Carolina congressional redistricting litigation from 1992 to 2000. Everett argued the issue four times before the Supreme Court, and his arguments are now
widely taught as an example of how to challenge congressional redistricting on the basis of race, Silliman said. “There were many in the state who applauded Robinson Everett for what he was doing, and I’m sure there were many who didn’t appreciate what he was doing,” Silliman said. “He had the courage to take his convictions of what the Constitution required and argued them in a court of law.”
“Anything you say about Robbie Everett is an understatement.” — Scott Silliman, exec. director of the Center on Law, Ethics and National Security A Durham native, Everett’s ties to Duke and the law go back to his parents—Everett’s mother was a prominent lawyer and his father, Reuben Everett, attended Trinity College, the predecessor to Duke, and was one of the University’s first law students. Everett graduated magna cum laude from Harvard Law School in 1950 and returned to North Carolina to teach at Duke’s Law School. “He was a person with enormous energy—to accomplish what he did is almost unbelievable...” Levi said. “He enjoyed helping people, he enjoyed helping students... and I think if you had to say what would you remember most about Robbie, I think it was his smile.” Indeed, Silliman said Everett will be missed by all who knew him, especially the many students he developed relationships with over more than 50 years. “He passed away, but the legacy which he has left will continue,” Silliman said “His students are now judges and congressmen, so everyone who learned, everyone who sat in a classroom with Robinson O. Everett takes a piece of him with them.”
ENERGY from page 3 be really hard for them.” For most Duke students living off campus, however, the increase in electricity prices will not be significant. “Energy is such a minor expense for me,” said Scott Schwartz, a graduate student in the statistics department. “My only major expense is my house and when you split costs with housemates, the price increase does not affect me much.” Schwartz said he hopes that the upped rates, however, will be accompanied by gains in reliability. “The power went out at least five times last year,” Schwartz said. “My girlfriend works at an emergency vet clinic and with no power, the animals couldn’t be treated.” As for sustainability on campus, Duke does not plan on generating its own electricity anytime soon, Thompson said. “We are evaluating options for future power production on campus, but I don’t expect a decision for a few years,” he said. “There is currently a lack of natural gas distribution in this part of Durham that limits our options without a very extensive and expensive pipeline project.” This is not the first time Duke Energy has been a target of scrutiny for its lack of environmental protection. In April 2007, Environmental Defense and other environmental groups sued Duke Energy for violating the Prevention of Significant Deterioration program—an amendment to the Clean Air Act that requires power companies to apply for permits if they plan to make modifications to their facilities that would increase emissions. Duke Energy did not apply for a permit before making modifications and the U.S. Supreme Court ruled against the energy giant. Last year’s Duke Energy Annual Sustainability Report stressed the importance of incorporating environmental, social and economic progress. The report detailed plans to bring smart grid technology to North Carolina, South Carolina and Kentucky customers. In addition to its policy and development, Duke energy is witnessing major changes to its administration as well. In a news release Tuesday, Duke Energy announced that it would replace retiring chief financial officer David Hauser with Lynn Good, who, before Duke Energy and Cinergy’s 2006 merger, served as CFO and vice president of Cinergy.
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SCHOLARSHIP from page 1 site and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill’s in-state undergraduate tuition and fees of $5,626 according to its student aid Web site. Of the potential $16,727 Duke could pledge to eligible veterans, it has only offered $5,000 per year to two qualifying veterans per year seeking a degree from the Trinity College of Arts and Sciences. The Pratt School of Engineering offered the aid to one eligible veteran. After VA matches Duke’s $5,000 grant, a veteran would still be responsible for $23,454 a year in tuition and fees. To help finance the cost of attending Duke, Schoenfeld said both current eligible veteran students and prospective eligible veterans qualify for the new aid, in addition to other scholarship and need-based funds available to all students seeking financial aid. It is unclear whether eligible veterans receiving aid under the Yellow Ribbon Program also receive the monthly housing allowance and $1,000-per-semester book stipend veterans receive through the Post-9/11 GI Bill. Schoenfeld said he thinks the financial aid officers “look at the whole package.” Schoenfeld said the number of eligible veterans each school will fund is based on current enrollment patterns. If enrollment increases, Schoenfeld said the University will reevaluate how many could receive aid and how much money will be available.
DUKEMOBILE from page 3 No other library applications are currently in progress, Jakubs said, but future projects are possible. “We like doing this and I can see us con-
Still, it is unclear how thoroughly the University tracks those statistics, said sophomore Paul Salem, vice president of the Student Veteran’s Association at Duke University. He said that when his organization requested veteran enrollment data to reach out to veterans on campus, the University could only provide him with a “best guess of around 40.” Duke’s schools have allocated assistance for at least 54 veterans who might qualify for aid. It is also unclear how funds are determined for eligible veterans seeking graduate degrees from Duke schools—the VA Web site states the Post-9/11 GI Bill and Yellow Ribbon Program provide funds in accordance with public in-state undergraduate costs. VA representatives could not be reached for comment Wednesday. Salem, who served for four years in the Marine Corps before enrolling last Fall, said one of his association’s goals this year was to encourage the University to join the Yellow Ribbon program. He added that he is “pleased but not surprised” Duke joined the Yellow Ribbon Program. “This has always been a very veteran-friendly school. For us the next step is recruiting veterans who would be a good fit here,” Salem said. “There’s a lot of potential, especially at the undergraduate level... going to school here—even with very generous financial aid— was still out of reach for many veterans. I think with this program... we might see a larger veteran community here.” tinuing to explore other ways [to make content more accessible],” she said. “We have done quite a bit in putting library information to mobile devices, and this is definitely the way libraries are headed—instead of making people come to you, making it possible for our information and resources to go to where people are.”
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North Carolina state Senator Floyd McKissick of Durham addresses a crowd at the grand opening of the Durham Performing Arts Center last December. McKissick is sponsoring the North Carolina Racial Justice Act.
RACIAL JUSTICE from page 4 said. “I’m not opposed to addressing the problem, but I think there’s something else there.” Proponents also note that there is not the same condemnation for prosecutors who pursue cases against innocent black men as there is when the defendant is white. Rev. William Barber, president of the North Carolina chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, said the same outrage prompted by former Durham district attorney Mike Nifong’s handling of the Duke lacrosse case should be directed at any attorney who prosecutes innocent people. “There ought to be outrage when the judicial system falsely accuses and convicts people,” Barber said. “We have to do better in America.” The bill’s primary sponsor Democratic state Sen. Floyd McKissick of Durham, said, however, the N.C. Racial Justice Act is not meant to address issues of prosecutorial misconduct. “That is a separate and independent issue and it’s not part of the bill,” McKissick said. “It’s not in the purview of the bill to
deal with prosecutorial misconduct on a state bar level, which would deal with a complaint.” While the bill is expected to pass, Rep. Bill Faison, D-Orange, Chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee said the issue is largely partisan, with Democrats in favor and Republicans opposed to the bill. Despite being one of the many Republicans who ultimately opposed the bill in the Senate, Berger said he added the amendment to end the moratorium because most people support the death penalty in North Carolina. Berger also noted that he had written bills during the three previous legislative sessions to end the moratorium and that Democrats had refused to allow the legislature to vote on them. Barber said although he thought it was inappropriate for anyone to attach any amendments to a bill that was so important—especially Berger’s amendment to resume executions—he would ultimately support the bill. “It’s unconscionable that he would do that,” Barber said. “This bill is about racial justice and it should stand alone. If he wanted to debate the death penalty he should’ve introduced his own bill and let it be debated on its own merits.”
8 | THURSDAY, JUNE 18, 2009
THURSDAY, JUNE 18, 2009 | 9
A Celebration of the Lives of John Hope and Aurelia Whittington Franklin
‘American royalty’ remembered A photo essay by Michael Naclerio “At the very moment America had moved from a biracial to a multiracial country, John Hope Franklin soldiered on either being misrepresented in the press or utterly ignored. He did what he always did—he did the job at hand—and he did a beautiful job.” —former president Bill Clinton “He displayed a unique positivism as if to say, ‘All has not been right in the world, but things will improve and they’ll be right some day.’ Hope was his signature, and his hope will be eternal for all of us, but we musn’t forget that he never stopped fighting for equality, fairness and peace. Aurelia encouraged him every step of the way and they were locked together.” —trustee emerita Mary Duke Biddle Trent Semans
(Clockwise form top left) President Richard Brodhead speaks Thursday. Former President Bill Clinton holds a copy of John Hope Franklin’s autobiography “Mirror to America” to illustrate his characterization of Franklin as a “angry, happy man.” Vivian Mildred Corbett Bailey, a long time friend of Franklin, describes him as the “sex symbol of the ’30s.” Crowd fills the Chapel for “A Celebration of the Lives of John Hope and Aurelia Whittington Franklin.”
CELEBRATION from page 1 adept culinary skills. Franklin and Aurelia’s life together began when they met at Fisk University in the early 1930s. Vivian Mildred Corbett Bailey, Franklin’s childhood friend from his hometown of Tulsa, Okla., described him as the “sex symbol of the ’30s.” And as a loyal Oklahoman, Bailey said she was convinced not to like the “girl from North Carolina” when she heard of Franklin and Aurelia’s relationship—but then she met Aurelia. “The word that comes to mind when I describe Aurelia is ‘genteel,’” she said During her lifetime, Aurelia was a member of the Links, Inc., a national volunteer service organization composed of women of color. Members of the group opened Thursday’s event with a memorial service for their late friend. Franklin would live to become the first black department chair at Brooklyn College, the first black professor to hold an endowed chair at Duke and the first black president of the American Historical Association. The James B. Duke professor emeritus of history worked on the famous civil rights case Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kan., marched alongside Martin Luther King Jr. from Selma to Montgomery, Ala. in 1965 and headed Clinton’s seven-person White House panel on race relations in 1997. Clinton awarded him the Medal of Freedom—the highest civilian honor—in 1995. Aurelia passed away in 1999 and Franklin died of congestive heart failure in March, at the age of 94. “A Celebration of the Lives of John Hope and Aurelia Whittington Franklin” marked the couple’s 69th wedding anniversary—the two were married June 11, 1940. “John Hope and Aurelia were our American royalty— our symbols of goodness,” Semans said.
Throughout his marriage, and over the course of his life, Franklin was an academic, activist and mentor. He taught everywhere, from across his dining table that was littered with writings to an airport restaurant—an occasion Franklin’s close friend Vernon Jordan still recalls. “I cannot remember a time in his presence when I did not learn from him,” said Jordan, an attorney and a civil rights advocate. “We have his books, his essays, his speeches, his interviews to constantly remind us of his towering intellect, his fierce commitment to vigorous scholarship, his acute perception, his profound patriotism.... He was a teacher who taught us to believe in the shield of justice and the sword of truth. A role model whose career made us dream large dreams and work to secure them. An agent of change who helped transform the way an entire nation thought of itself.” The founding father of African American studies, Franklin wrote a number of historical works, most notably “From Slavery to Freedom,” a story chronicling the experiences of African Americans since their departure from Africa until the Civil Rights movement in the late 1950s and 1960s. He left America with a “usable past,” said Evelyn Brooks Higginbotham, who co-authors the 9th edition of Franklin’s acclaimed book. Franklin didn’t just write about history—he wrote history, she said. Through his role in history, Franklin left a lasting legacy of scholarship and a lesson to students to find their calling, Duke President Richard Brodhead said. “On any given day, at any college or university in this country, some man or woman could make such a discovery of their promise,” Brodhead said. “And when they do, the world had better be prepared to change. That is the hope given to us by John Hope Franklin.” But Franklin’s mark on history extends far beyond the ink in his books and his namesake institutions at Duke. Clinton said his last message to Congress on his
final day in the oval office was “a plea” to address unresolved issues in Franklin’s report regarding racial discrimination in law enforcement, education and health care, among others—findings from Franklin’s term heading the White House panel on race. This final push was Franklin’s “lasting legacy to you as an American citizen,” Clinton told the audience. “We’re a different country now, we have been working for 10 years to become a communitarian country,” he said. “After being a country known for our divisions between 1968 and 2008, now people know us as a country known by a unity. [Franklin’s] life and work is no small measurement to produce that.” Despite his historic contributions, Franklin was still modest, humorous and a family man. He inspired those he loved to learn foreign languages and was “always a teaser,” his goddaughter Marian Bennett said in an interview. “The heavens smiled on us to have him in our lives,” she said. “He had a humility about him.... As famous as he was, it never went to his head.” In response to the celebration, Higginbotham, Victor S. Thomas professor of history and African American studies at Harvard University, said the ceremony was one Franklin “certainly could have enjoyed.” The noted historian had a certain quality about him that Clinton perhaps described best—in which indignation and leading a positive life were not mutually exclusive, Brodhead said in an interview following the ceremony. “He found a way to be indignant, but to be dignant,” Brodhead said. Franklin was “tough from the trenches of a political struggle,” and a brilliant historian and human being, Clinton concluded. “[He was] a man who was both determined, self-reliant and profoundly grateful,” Clinton said. “He was the ultimate passionate rationalist—the ultimate angry, happy man.”
THURSDAY June 18, 2009
Former Blue Devil Amanda Blumenherst received the Nancy Lopez Award last weekend. The award is given annually to the nation’s best amateur golfer.
Duke signs top recruit Cunha Baron still unsigned by Mariners
by Gabe Starosta THE CHRONICLE
Head coach Ramsey Smith had one roster spot to fill after senior Kiril Dimitrov’s graduation, and he looks to have replaced Dimitrov with one of the best junior players in the world. Smith and the Blue Devils announced Tuesday that Henrique Cunha, a native of Jaú, Brazil, had signed with the program. Cunha was ranked as high as No. 6 in the International Tennis Junior Association rankings last year, and is the highest-rated recruit ever to sign with Duke. Smith is entering his second season as the Blue Devils’ head coach after spending three seasons as an assistant, and Cunha is his first recruit since taking charge of the program. “We’re all thrilled to have him coming in in the fall—he’s a great recruit and a great player, everyone knows how good a player he is,” Smith said. “He’s just very respectful toward everybody, didn’t have a big ego and wants to work hard in the classroom and on the court. Everyone I’ve talked to has said how good a character he is, and I think he’s going to fit in perfectly.” When Cunha arrives in the Fall, he will join a Blue Devil roster already stocked with two other international players. Sophomore Torsten Wietoska is from Germany, and junior Alain Michel is from São Paulo, Brazil, just 200 miles from Cunha’s hometown. Cunha has already had success at the professional level despite his amateur status. He went 68-28 in singles play as a junior and won the Bahia Open, a professional tournament open to amateurs in Porto Seguro, Brazil, without dropping a set in October. “On paper, we’ve never signed a kid this high internationally,” Smith said. “He was 6 in the world, he’s played Wimbledon and the US Open [juniors], and he was really contemplating going pro.”
by Will Flaherty THE CHRONICLE
CHRONICLE FILE PHOTO
Junior Reid Carleton and Duke signed their highest-rated recruit ever, Brazilian Henrique Cunha, Tuesday. Cunha might have turned pro straight out of high school, but when the Blue Devil coaching staff heard the Brazilian was thinking about American college tennis, Duke got involved as quickly as it could.
Smith gave assistant coach Josh Goffi much of the credit for landing Cunha. Goffi’s father lives in Brazil and is a tennis coach there, and Smith said the SEE M. TENNIS ON PAGE 11
Although much of the pre-draft speculation coming from Seattle Mariners’ blogs and beat writers was that Duke recruit and top prep catcher Steven Baron had agreed to a pre-draft contract with the team, a recent report in the Miami Herald shed some doubt that Baron’s signing is a fait accompli. Speaking with the Herald’s Joseph Goodman, Baron, who is from Miami, indicated that unless the Mariners could agree to a contract worth around $1.3 million, he would likely decide to honor his commitment to play at Duke. Baron added that Duke had raised the value of his scholarship offer to 90% of the tuition for the 2009-2010 year. Generally, the dynamics of a draft negotiation between an MLB team and a committed high school prospect leave college programs powerless to influence negotiations, but Duke’s enhanced scholarship offer is one of the few options the Blue Devils have in convincing Baron to choose school over Seattle. “I have until August 15 to negotiate, and we’ll see what happens,” Baron said. Baron was drafted 33rd overall, the first pick in Compensation Round A, in the MLB Draft last Tuesday. Duke head coach Sean McNally said he knew that Baron and two other prospects, Marcus Stroman and Cameron Coffey, would be drafted, but still expected them to enroll at Duke. Stroman, a shortstop, was drafted in the 18th round by the Washington Nationals, and Coffey, a pitcher, went in the 22nd round to the Baltimore Orioles.
Finding the answers to the tough questions I don’t remember the exact words of the text message. John Wall to Kentucky, Duke loses another big recruit, he said—or something like that. I was sitting in the dimly lit hallway of an office building at my summer job when the buzz of my phone interrupted my work. Wall—the 6-foot-4 can’t-miss point guard with the presumed ability to bring a team to the next level—had turned downed Cameron Indoor for Rupp Taylor Arena. Just hours later, reports confirmed that Gerald Henderson had officially declared for the pros after hiring an agent. Hopes for a dominant run to a national title seemed to evaporate before my eyes. A few of my friends sometimes call me a “sports optimist.” It’s the part of me that fills in Duke for the national title game in my bracket every year. It isn’t that I’m oblivious to the team’s limitations, but instead
knowing that if everything comes together perfectly—and with a bit of luck—a championship is within reach. But that morning, I didn’t know what to say. How do you defend your team in a 160-character message? I wanted to believe that Wall had woken up that Tuesday morning ready to become a part of Duke’s program, convinced that Coach K would run a free, fast-breaking system that—when going small—would have a lineup as athletic as any team in the country: Wall, Henderson (if he withdrew from the draft), Jon Scheyer, Kyle Singler and Lance Thomas. I hoped Wall could become Duke’s Carmelo Anthony or Derrick Rose—a one-anddone freshman superstar who dominated the NCAA before turning his talents into an NBA contract. I had thought that maybe Wall would wake up that morning with a smile at the breakfast MICHAEL NACLERIO/CHRONICLE FILE PHOTO
SEE DOHERTY ON PAGE 11
Gerald Henderson left Duke early for the NBA, and potential recruit John Wall chose to attend Kentucky.
THURSDAY, JUNE 18, 2009 | 11
M. TENNIS from page 10
CHRONICLE FILE PHOTO
Junior Alain Michel, a São Paulo native, will be joined at Duke next year by fellow Brazilian Henrique Cunha.
Goffi family’s presence and name recognition “got us in the door.” After establishing contact in Brazil with Cunha’s family, the youngster came for an official visit to Durham in the spring , and officially signed with Duke Tuesday. “[Goffi] set the table, starting conversations with Henrique and his coach, and once we got things started I got really involved and it was really an effort between both of us,” said Smith, who did not travel to Brazil during the recruitment process. “A lot of times assistant coaches aren’t that involved in recruiting but here he was a huge part of it.” With Cunha in the lineup, the Blue Devils will boast a formidable one-two punch, as Cunha and junior Reid Car-
leton are likely to play Nos. 1 and 2 in some order, Smith said. Carleton often played at the top slot in 2009 and finished the season with a 20-15 record overall, but went just 7-10 as Duke’s top player during the team season in the Spring semester. If Cunha is able to fill the No. 1 seed, Carleton could drop down to the second slot, where he would face lower-ranked players Behind Carleton and Cunha, Duke returns its top four players from last year in lone senior Dylan Arnould, juniors Michel and Jared Pinsky and sophomore Luke Marchese. Smith said he expects competition between those four and the rest of his young players—including Wietoska, who missed the entire ACC season with a knee injury last year—for a limited number of spots in the bottom of the rotation.
DOHERTY from page 10 table, and announce to his mother that he had made up his mind to stay close to home so that he could play near her, especially after her recent illness. Wall promised his father— who died when he was ten—that he would go to college. If Wall committed to be a Blue Devil, and somehow— though in retrospect it seems to have been highly unlikely—convinced Henderson to withdraw from the draft for a chance to chase after a national title, Duke fans would have reason to book hotel rooms early in Indianapolis for the Final Four. It could have happened, and I even convinced myself that, yes, it was gong to happen. And then it didn’t. “What if?” I kept asking myself. To realize that what could have been isn’t going to be is perhaps the most torturing part of following sports, and it’s hardly the first time this has happened in recent memory. What if Shaun Livingston and Luol Deng decided to team up with juniors J.J. Redick and Sheldon Williams and forgo the NBA Draft for just one year? What if Jason Williams had made that free throw against Indiana in 2002? What if Kobe Bryant had decided to go to college and attended Duke, like he often admits he would have? If Coach K had responded publicly to losing out on Wall—and I understand why he wouldn’t—he would certainly downplay the moment’s importance. It isn’t as if the Blue Devils don’t already return a strong team, for Henderson is the only defect from a team that won 30 games and adds freshmen forwards Mason Plumlee and Ryan Kelly. Krzyzewski would be right to minimize missing out on Wall. K-Ville will still fill with tents this winter, Duke will still compete for the ACC title with potential to make a run in March and Cameron will still literally shake when North Carolina visits. But I just can’t forget being left there alone, leaning back in that office chair for a minute and just thinking over and over to myself, “What if?” I never responded to that text message. I still don’t have an answer.
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Point guard John Wall will not be running the offense for Duke this year.
12 | THURSDAY, JUNE 18, 2009
APARTMENTS from page 1
Obama proposes financial overhaul by Jim Kuhnhenn THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
WASHINGTON — From simple home loans to Wall Street’s most exotic schemes, the government would impose and enforce sweeping new “rules of the road” for the nation’s battered financial system under an overhaul proposed Wednesday by President Barack Obama. Aimed at preventing a repeat of the worst economic crisis in seven decades, the changes would begin to reverse a determined campaign pressed in the 1980s by President Ronald Reagan to cut back on federal regulations. Obama’s plan, spelled out in an 88-page white paper, would do little to streamline the alphabet soup of agencies that oversee the financial sector. But it calls for fundamental shifts in authority that would eliminate one regulatory agency, create another and both enhance and undercut the authority of the powerful Federal Reserve. The new agency, a consumer protection office, would specifically take over oversight of mortgages, requiring that lenders give customers the option of “plain vanilla” plans with straightforward and affordable terms. Lenders who repackage loans and sell them to investors as securities would be required to retain 5 percent of the credit risk—a figure some analysts believe is too low. It also would make the Fed the regulator of some of the largest and most interconnected institutions in the financial world—an attempt to supervise companies that are so big that if they fail they could do harm to the economy. A separate council, chaired by the Treasury secretary, would watch over the financial system to flag risky new products or trends. In all, the Obama’s broad proposal cheered consumer advocates and dismayed the banking industry with its proposed creation of a regulator to protect consumers in all their banking transactions, from mortgages to credit cards. Large insurers protested the administration’s decision not to impose a standard, federal regulation on the insurance industry, leaving it to the separate states as at present. Mutual funds succeeded in staying under the jurisdiction of the Securities and Exchange Commission instead of the new consumer protection agency. Obama cast his proposals as an attempt to find a middle ground between the benefits and excesses of capitalism. “We are called upon to put in place those reforms that allow our best qualities to flourish—while keeping those worst traits in check,” Obama said.
graduate,” Thornhill said. “These are people who bring neighborliness to our community, but... what makes the community feel so good is that we’re all here together, and I think a sequestered set of apartments that feels more like an off-campus dormitory would not be the same experience. They would not be integrated into our community.” Hansen said Capstone is not seeking to remake the University Apartments into undergraduate student housing. Rather, he said the company might try to attract graduate and professional students whose needs “are not even close to being met.” “Just by virtue of the fact that Duke requires freshmen and sophomores to live on campus we feel like it will be an older student [who is drawn to University Apartments],” he said. “We feel that this is not going to be student housing... and create a big party-central zone, that is not going to happen.” Capstone’s Web site for the apartments, UniversityApartmentsDurham.com, advertises the properties as “perfect for the serious student” and “ideal for graduate and professional students and faculty and staff of Duke University.” Phail Wynn, vice president for Durham and regional affairs, said he expects Capstone to be careful when screening applicants and not to recruit disruptive residents because “in trying to create the potential setting that they are trying to create, they certainly could not afford to have loud parties or ongoing disruptions.” He added that he would not expect University Apartments to become a destination for graduate and professional students for three to four years. Capstone also plans to make infrastuctural changes to the apartments that will be both aesthetic and utilitarian. In addition to making heating and cooling more efficient inside the buildings, he said the company plans to build a pool, pool deck and fire pit as well as turn one unit into a lifestyle center which he hopes will serve as “a living room for the community.” Residents like Dr. Peter Nicholls, professor of biological psychiatry and a resident of the apartments for four years, are “unhappy” with Capstone’s plans for rennovations. Rates for current residents will increase by at least $40 and new tenant rates will increase from $565 to $650 and $665 to $820 to cover renovation costs, the Independent Weekly reported. Nicholls said he is not only displeased by the rate increase, he is concerned
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he will have to temporarily move out of his apartment for renovations to take place, though he does not know when or for how long. “I’m happy with it now, and it was hard for me to find an apartment I was happy with, and I don’t want that to change, but it looks like it might,” Nicholls said The University is already familiar with Capstone’s work. Capstone has developed student housing in connection with the campuses of Clemson University and the University of Maryland, in addition to Duke. Wynn said the University has worked with Capstone on some of its renovations and development projects downtown when Duke remodeled some of the 530,000 sq.-ft. of space it leases there. Considering previous partnerships with Capstone, Wynn said he is confident that Capstone will continue to do “quality work.”
“One of the wonderful things about our neighborhood is the Duke students...” — Anne Thornhill, president, Burch Area Neighborhood Association Thornhill, however, said her neighborhood association has a few concerns about what renovations will do to the historical nature of the apartments built in 1938. The Burch Area Neighborhood Association is currently forming an application for national historical designation, which could potentially include University Apartments. As of June 9, Thornhill had not received a response from Capstone regarding her request to discuss the area and its application for historical designation with the company. “[The sale of University Apartments] has really moved—in a public way—very quicly,” Thornhill said. “So we would love to work with Capstone sooner rather than later, particularly to inform them of the historic designation because if that affects them that could be a huge economic incentive for them to make those renovations in a historic way.” Hansen said Capstone does not intend to compromise the historic value of the apartments with its renovations. He added that renovations are not ready to begin, but when they are, they will be part of a staggered process to avoid displacing all the building’s tenants for 90 to 120 days.
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The Independent Daily at Duke University
14 | THURSDAY, JUNE 18, 2009
Admissions strength unyielding The recession has caused And Dean of Undergradua global rethinking of eco- ate Admissions Cristoph Gutnomic priorities, but early in- tentag publicly acknowledged dicators suggest that Duke’s that many students likely saw stock has remained stable for public universities as “financialmost prospective students. ly safer” this admissions cycle. University The Dean of officials anAdmissions staff editorial nounced last at Harvard week that Duke’s undergrad- University told The New York uate yield rate for the incom- Times last month that he had ing Class of 2013 was expect- expected the school’s yield to ed to be 41.5 percent, about drop by up to 5 percent bea 1 percent increase from last cause of the bad economy. year’s figure. Given the ecoBut despite admitting its nomic conditions, this num- most selective class yet, Duke’s ber looks promising. yield rate stayed about where Admissions officers at Duke it has been for the past three and other schools were ner- years. Schools across the vously anticipating a potential country are still waiting to see drop in yield due to the re- how many students they will cession. National survey data admit off their wait lists. The have shown that more students initial prognosis, however, sought affordable college op- looks good for Duke and for tions this admissions period. higher education in general.
— Comment on the story “Few gets overdue roof replacement.” See more at www.dukechronicle.com.
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Harvard, Princeton and Yale Universities, were among the schools to report little change in their admissions yield rates from a year ago. It seems reasonable to conclude that for many students, the value of a Duke education may actually have gone up in a bad economy. This certainly appears to be the case in the University’s graduate and professional programs that have also seen steady yield rates, especially the Fuqua School of Business, which is expecting about a 10 percent boost in its yield. Education has become a more attractive option for those wanting to delay their entry into a depressed workforce. Critics will note that Duke’s yield lags far behind peer institutions such as the
University of Pennsylvania, which retained about 66 percent of its applicants, not to mention those of Harvard and Yale, which show rates of 70 percent or more. But we believe Duke’s low yield rate versus these schools may actually be a positive sign— demonstrating that Duke is not attempting to artificially boost its selectivity by rejecting “overqualified” applicants and accepting only those students it is certain to retain. Duke is competing with Harvard, Yale, Princeton and others for the very best students, and it is retaining nearly half of them. There is no reason for the University to manipulate numbers or attempt to game the college rankings, Duke should continue focusing its energy on
attracting the top students. The University should also be commended for raising its commitment to financial aid, a measure which also likely allowed its admissions yield to keep pace with previous years. Duke may never offer students the same level of financial security as statefunded institutions, but it has taken an important step toward making its high quality education more affordable. While the University is clearly a step below Harvard, Princeton, Yale and their ilk in raw statistical terms, it is remarkable that Duke is even mentioned in the same class as those schools. Duke has improved exponentially over the last 30 years, and this year’s yield is further proof that the growth has been permanent.
Keep it simple
Pardon me, but... no Few renovations are “overdue” until Craven and Crowell are brought out of the 1970s.
ZACHARY TRACER, University Editor JULIA LOVE, Features Editor TONI WEI, Local & National Editor RACHNA REDDY, Health & Science Editor COURTNEY DOUGLAS, Sports Photography Editor AUSTIN BOEHM, Editorial Page Managing Editor REBECCA WU, Editorial Page Managing Editor NAUREEN KHAN, Senior Editor SWETHA SUNDAR, Graphics Editor BEN COHEN, Towerview Editor MADDIE LIEBERBERG, Recess Photography Editor LAWSON KURTZ, Towerview Photography Editor CAROLINE MCGEOUGH, Recruitment Chair CHRISSY BECK, Advertising/Marketing Director MONICA FRANKLIN, Durham Ad Sales Manager STEPHANIE RISBON, Administrative Coordinator
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After five weeks of living without in rural Sierra Leone, I could hardly contain my anticipation to visit the big city, Freetown, for the weekend. But when I returned back to my humble country roost, I was surprised to find how much I had grown accustomed to the rural life. In Mile 91, I wake to the sound of children’s feet pattering inches outside my bedroom wall, not to hollers, car horns and engines. There are no hourlong debates about where to eat dincourtney han ner, how to get there, through what the good life? neighborhood and how to get home. In the provinces, mangoes, rice and hardboiled eggs are my bread and butter, and indecision over choice is never a problem. Here I do not face the frustration of waiting for a spotty Internet connection to deliver tantalizing glimpses of the outside world. I take my baths in the dark with several cups of cool well water, and my reading is done under the supervision of a kerosene lamp or candlestick. Facing long stretches of blackness in the evenings has been a good reminder that much of life is about finding and harnessing pleasure. The beauty of living simply is that pleasure is free to flow naturally instead of being mechanically pumped and filtered through the complicated games of a more “civilized” world. I consider Thoreau’s observation in Walden particularly agreeable, “To maintain one’s self on this earth is not a hardship but a pastime, if we will live simply and wisely; as the pursuits of the simpler nations are still the sports of the more artificial.” Simple living can seem difficult in the developed world, but it’s all a trick of breaking with habit. Sick men have long been advised to seek a change of scenery; the tired and uninspired would benefit from the same advice. Try this experiment, wherever you happen to be, for a dose of mental and physical refreshment. For a full weekend, leave the lights off and do what you need by natural light. Sit on the porch outside and enjoy the taste of a beer or soda with friends. One discovers no need to adjust the tem-
perature of the thermostat or the shade of lighting, no trouble settling on the right mood music and no threat of conversation drowned by waves of television static. One can begin to enjoy friendship undiluted by expectations and attempts to force luxury; the focus will be instead diverted straight to one another’s company. One can also sit alone and lose oneself to the natural flow of the mind. With some time you will find, no matter in what state you start the journey, your mind drinking from the mouth of absentia a tonic that begins with a Gordian knot of halfformed thoughts and ends with one word, simplicity. You start to notice silence again. You can hear and smell. You can feel the air around you, wrapping your thoughts and body up in a blanket of consolation for all the things you haven’t done in your life. Acceptance follows to the places your mind leads you. Another means of achieving mental clarity is through physical austerity. Avoid losing hours to complicated gastronomic endeavors, and consume instead, several boiled eggs or a cucumber for breakfast. Eat bananas and a bag of peanuts for a snack. Go about your day with your stomach filled just enough to avoid the pang of hunger and release yourself from the thought of food altogether. I’d contend that the human health is not as fragile as doctors can sometimes entertain. Thinking hard on a quiet stomach can be invigorating, and when the mind is not focused on eating, one begins to find pleasure pouring and filling up other tasks, like friends, studies and ideas. Living simply does not require one to rescind one’s possessions and flee to a kibbutz. It is not lighting incense sticks and sitting uncomfortably for several hours on a velvet beanbag, or consulting manuals and videotapes to master difficult breathing techniques. True simplicity is lighter: One only needs to prevent the mind from controlling its environment and allow the environment to take over. When this happens, pleasure flows on its own course like a stream in search of still water. Simple living is leaving out and reaching in to inspect the self and appreciate its condition, a task which any man can be a ready and able expert. Courtney Han is a Trinity senior. This is her final column of the summer session.
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THURSDAY, JUNE 11, 2009 | 15
Collapsing the box
land’s northwest corner. The informal capital of the region is the fishing town Ísafjörður, population around 3,000. After landing in that town’s bleak airport, a traveler can branch off by rickety van or by foot to the rest of the Westfjords, to towns and peninsulas that range from the merely isolated to the spookily closed-off. To make a long story short, my friend and I had received some inaccurate hiking advice (we were supposed to turn right at the mountain that “looks like a pirate’s chest”), and soon found ourselves an entire fjord and a small mountain range away from where we intended to be. We ended a twenty-five mile day of hiking (with forty-pound packs and little food) by collapsing on the outskirts of the village of Suðureyri, a place with a population somewhere around three hundred where the gas station is the grocery store and all the able men spend twelve hours a day fishing the Arctic Ocean in rusting trawlers. More or less unable to stand up for twenty minutes or so, we sat in what seemed like a small parking lot as the natives drove cautiously past us on the village’s one road. Each and every weather-beaten face stared at us with neither malice nor pity, as if to ask, “Who are these vagabond, Gore-texed young people?” I’m not sure what I would have told them if I’d been asked. I could have said we were American college students out for a little walkabout and a Carlsberg beer at the end of the day, backpacking and living on Ritz crackers and sardines. That would have all been true, but it wouldn’t have captured the absurdity of our malaise just then. It would have been more appropriate to say that we were two teenaged romantics who had just discovered the very real, unglamorous and defeatingly unexotic exhaustion and frustration that can bite you anywhere on the colorful and interesting globe. We didn’t know where we would sleep that night, and ended up pitching a tent outside the gas station. We had no idea how we would ever get out of this town, a tiny fingernail of houses that lay at the far end of a fjord we both knew we couldn’t walk again. We both would rather have been playing Texas Hold ‘Em against Canadians back at the hostel in Reykjavik. Just then, we were about as global as we ever wanted to get, and we would have traded our world citizenship for a jar of American peanut butter.
llow me to preface this column by saying that this will not be the first time a story concerning vandalism has stained the pages of our school’s newspaper. Readers will remember the over-abundance of articles, letters to the editor and all-around drama that accompanied the Giles bench incident this past year, as well as the appearance of swastikas and other offensive symbolism around East Campus. The incident in question here, however, is one that hits much farther away from home. It is a story composed of far cleverer artwork, greater chris bassil debate and a wholly more detrue story serving subject. That subject is this month’s newly unveiled takeover of Bristol’s City Museum and Art Gallery by the anonymous British graffiti artist known simply as Banksy. Banksy, who first surfaced circa 1992 with a series of combination stencil and freehand spray paint renderings in public places, worked in league with only four members of the museum’s staff to prepare the exhibit. The stunt, which consisted of removing almost all of the museum’s normal displays in favor of the street artist’s satirical and often subversive installation art, has served to spur the debate surrounding Banksy’s work. Some say that celebrating and endorsing an artist like Banksy, who gets his kicks from defacing public property, sends the wrong message. Others say that the displacement of classic works of art to make room for common vandalism is tantamount to disgrace. But as Nasher director Kim Rorschach pointed out in a response to an e-mail I sent asking for her opinion, the works of the artists listed above were not always considered fit for viewing either. After all, today’s eyesore can become tomorrow’s classic every once in a while. But not all critics taking issue with Banksy’s invasion of the museum are doing so from the right. Some are criticizing the artist for “selling out,” insinuating that by displaying his message in a space actually reserved for it, he is simultaneously undermining that same message. It’s similar to supporters of the Giles bench vandal (if any exist) slandering him for unveiling a masterpiece among the residence hall murals crowding the East Campus bridge. Even Banksy himself points out the irony of his action, joking in a statement that, “This is the first show I’ve ever done where taxpayers’ money is being used to hang my pictures up rather than to scrape them off.” Part of the value in Banksy’s work lies in the fact that the members of the extreme sides surrounding this debate are now, as they so often have been in the past, sufficiently pissed off. Of course, gaining fame by angering the establishment is nothing new, and neither is holding on to that same fame by turning around and alienating one’s own cult following (see Bob Dylan). So if everyone’s irritated and it’s all been done, then why is it that hundreds will wait in line for more than an hour to see Banksy’s exhibit? What is it that makes his work so captivating to a young audience, not only at the museum in Bristol but also here, an ocean away? The answer, at least as it relates to Banksy’s most recent pièce de résistance, is simply that somebody still cares. In a time when fine arts programs across our nation are being slashed as a result of both our former president’s education policy and our current economic disaster, and when a headline on the cover of Time magazine itself is asking whether the arts can survive a recession, it is people like Banksy who provide the breath of fresh air through our Aeolian harps. That Banksy inspires has nothing to do with the way he dismantles public perception of government or points out the ironies of consumer lifestyle. It has nothing to do with the impeccable balance he so often strikes between humor and foreboding. It even has very little to do with his remarkable skill level as an artist and stencil designer. But it’s got everything to do with his faith in his craft and his undying ability to bring his art to the public, time and time again, through his cleverly chosen tactics (Banksy’s works have been purchased by highscale celebrities such as Brad Pitt, making him something of a Robin Hood of the arts). For every mural that is painted over, as has been mandated by law in some parts of Britain, another appears without fail. He is something straight out of an Alan Moore novel: a masked man who runs around doing things for the sake of doing things. And that’s precisely why Banksy’s art inspires—because it’s art for the sake of nothing but itself, and it’s put there for all of us to enjoy.
Connor Southard is a Trinity sophomore. This is his final column of the summer session.
Chris Bassil is a Trinity sophomore. This is his final column of the summer session.
A fjord in full This time last year, I was in the Westfjords of Iceland. A good friend from high school and I had embarked on a backpacking trip that was half-planned, poorly equipped and more or less one cold, wet misadventure after another. Like most of the would-be intellectual, cosmopolitan youth of our generation, “travel” seemed to us a mystical concept that promised pleasures of every kind, envy-inducing stories and a series of really captivating Facebook profile pictures. And this was in a connor southard pre-crash, prosperous, dead poet ostensibly European nation (that last bit is up for debate; Icelanders are Icelanders, a far cry from the French). If this column has any readers, there are no doubt a few veterans of service projects and adventures that make our quaintly soggy Iceland trek look like what it mostly was: a half-baked exercise in getting global. One word in that last sentence is au courant as can be: “global.” Our University wants terribly for us to be as global as possible, something that I discussed with the other members of The Chronicle’s independent editorial board last semester when Duke’s Quality Enhancement Plan came out emblazoned with the gaudy title, “GLOBAL DUKE: Enhancing Students’ Capacity for World Citizenship.” I remember one board member’s remark that went something like this: “This is the Thomas-Friedmaning of everything, this kind of faux internationalism.” The commenter was probably being a bit hard on The New York Times columnist, but he had a point. Anything calling itself “global” is attaching itself to the glamorous idea of the moment—the idea that the planet, its places and its people are an academic subject unto themselves, implying that we have a solemn duty to study them just as much as statistics or English literature. You probably should try to understand the world outside your native borders, but acting as though the “global” is neatly manageable and easily packaged is a dangerous exercise: it’s too easy to forget that the outside world—the globe entire—is lived-in, gritty and real whether you’re around to see it or not. The coldly real Westfjords are a tangled weave of fjords and bays carved into a jutting peninsula on Ice-
16 | THURSDAY, JUNE 18, 2009
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Published on Jun 18, 2009