Washington leading DUHS
Blazing wins gold
New chancellor for health affairs seeks model for population healthcare | Page 2
Field hockey goalie part of U.S. national team that won the Pan American Games | Sports Page 11
The Chronicle T H E I N D E P E N D E N T D A I LY AT D U K E U N I V E R S I T Y
FRIDAY, AUGUST 21, 2015
ICS looking for stability
ONE HUNDRED AND ELEVENTH YEAR, ISSUE 2
Class of 2019 welcomed to Duke
Amrith Ramkumar The Chronicle Although International Comparative Studies has been at Duke for more than 40 years, the program now faces questions about administrative commitment to the program and sustainability amid changes in leadership. The recent questions have emerged since Frances Hasso, former director of ICS and associate professor of women’s studies, decided not to continue as director of the program following the 2014-15 academic year. Hasso’s hiring in 2010 was intended to give the program more stable leadership at a time when its organization was dependent on DR. FRANCES faculty from other HASSO areas of the University, explained Robin Kirk, faculty co-chair of the Executive Committee of the Duke Human Rights Center at the Franklin Humanities Institute and member of the ICS Program Committee. ICS was still just a major when Hasso was hired, but it has since been approved as a program that can make direct faculty hires—though it is not yet a full-fledged department. According to the Duke Faculty Handbook, in almost all cases only departments are allowed to hire tenure-track faculty. But Hasso
Carolyn Chang | The Chronicle The Class with the most Latino students in Duke history took in Convocation at Cameron Indoor Stadium Wednesday.
Sexual assault reported Thursday Staff Reports The Chronicle A DukeAlert was sent out Thursday evening notifying students, faculty and staff of a Duke University Police Department sexual assault investigation involving a student.
See ICS on Page 7
The alert was sent at approximately 6:35 p.m. detailing a sexual assault that allegedly occurred early Thursday morning after a student left Shooters II. According to the release, the student left Shooters in a taxi with others at approximately 1:30 a.m. to return to campus. After the taxi had reached campus and the other passengers in the taxi had
exited the vehicle, the victim reported that the driver touched her inappropriately at around 1:45 a.m. on Science Drive, one of the primary West Campus streets. The taxi was described in the release as “possibly a light gold or light green minivan with a sliding side door,” and the taxi driver was described as a “male of See ASSAULT on Page 6
Freshmen skipping ‘Fun Home’ for moral reasons Claire Ballentine The Chronicle For some members of the Class of 2019, the choice of “Fun Home” as a summer reading book was anything but fun. Several incoming freshmen decided not to read “Fun Home” because its sexual images and themes conflicted with their personal and religious beliefs. Freshman Brian Grasso posted in the Class of 2019 Facebook page July 26 that he would not read the book “because of the graphic visual depictions of
sexuality,” igniting conversation among students. The graphic novel, written by Alison Bechdel, chronicles her relationship with her father and her issues with sexual identity. “I feel as if I would have to compromise my personal Christian moral beliefs to read it,” Grasso wrote in the post. Many first-year students responded to the post, expressing their thoughts on Grasso’s discomfort with the novel. Some defended the book’s images as having literary and said that the book could broaden students’ viewpoints.
“Reading the book will allow you to open your mind to a new perspective and examine a way of life and thinking with which you are unfamiliar,” wrote freshman Marivi Howell-Arza. However, several freshmen agreed with Grasso that the novel’s images conflicted with their beliefs. Freshman Bianca D’Souza said that while the novel discussed important topics, she did not find the sexual interactions appropriate and could not bring herself to view the images depicting nudity. See ‘FUN HOME’ on Page 9
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Special to The Chronicle Many have been conflicted on whether or not to read Alison Bechdel’s “Fun Home.”
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2 | FRIDAY, AUGUST 21, 2015
DUHS CEO Washington setting the bar high Amrith Ramkumar The Chronicle He has only been at Duke since April, but Dr. A. Eugene Washington, chancellor for health affairs and president and CEO of Duke University Health System, already knows what he wants to accomplish. “We can really make this a model city, county and area from the perspective of population health improvement,” Washington said. Since taking over for Victor Dzau—who held the position for a decade, established multiple institutes and implemented an electronic medical records system—on April 1, Washington has been preparing to make his own mark on DUHS. In overseeing education, healthcare and clinical practice, Washington hopes to strengthen cross-campus collaboration between the School of Medicine and the University’s other schools to counteract the effects of dwindling research funding and the Affordable Care Act. One of the main reasons Washington chose to come to Duke was the opportunity to drive high-caliber programs related to medicine from other disciplines— law, business, public policy and engineering—in close proximity to one another, he explained, noting that his goal of building a model for population health management is more realistic in his new role. “I jokingly say to just about everybody, last time I checked it says chancellor for health affairs at Duke, not chancellor for health affairs in the medical school or the Nursing School,” Washington said about the opportunity to work across the entire campus. Washington, 64, previously held major administrative positions at the University of California, Los Angeles, and the University of California, San Francisco, where “he has done many of the things we’re interested in building at Duke,” Provost Sally Kornbluth said. An already decorated health-policy scholar, he is now hoping to use his role as a University representative to partner with businesses, the city of Durham and other forms of government to begin improving health beyond campus borders and to “create something that few institutions could match.” Part of Washington’s extensive research background has been in assessing the effects of medical technologies. These will become increasingly important as a result of the Affordable Care Act, since DUHS and other health systems will be incentivized to minimize the number of patients coming into hospitals and shift from individual healthcare to population-based treatment, he explained.
Special to The Chronicle Dr. A. Eugene Washington wants to make Durham a model city for population healthcare using Duke’s resources.
“Affordable care from my vantage point is going to motivate us to focus more on health promotion and wellness,” Washington said. Washington also explained that the use of different forms of telemedicine at Duke and across the nation, as well as virtual communication between health providers, will be crucial for managing the health of both individual patients and entire populations. Ways to more efficiently use resources within a changing healthcare landscape will be a major focus of Washington’s strategic planning efforts and meetings with the DUHS Board of Directors in the upcoming year. Efforts will be made to prepare the schools of medicine, nursing and others for the future as well, Washington noted, explaining that he hopes to foster more interdisciplinary professional education.
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“I see it as a first order of business, if we think about healthcare in 2020 and what that looks like. One of the things that we’ll see is even more of a team approach for taking care of people,” he said. “That does include the physician assistant program we have, but it certainly includes nursing and medicine.” As part of his push to maximize resources through cross-campus initiatives, Washington also wants to emphasize quantitative science because of its wide applications in medicine and because of Duke’s strengths in engineering, math, computer science and statistics. “From whether you’re doing research at the molecular level to studying whole populations, understanding quantitative signs in terms of big data—how you constitute it, how you access it, how you form it and package it to get it out for use—starts with the having the right people in our community and the right infrastructure to work with,” he explained. Although Duke’s on-campus programs and people led Washington to move his career across the country, its global presence also attracted him to the role, especially the Duke Global Health Institute and the University’s partnership with the National University of Singapore through Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School in Singapore. Washington has already funded multiple global health programs that were up for renewal and traveled to Singapore as part of his mission to use the University’s resources to change population healthcare. One of the reasons to expect more instances of University medicine-related collaboration under Washington’s direction is his personality, which Kornbluth noted is a major reason that discussions about partnerships involving quantitative sciences have been so productive. “He’s so affable, friendly and easy to talk to. It’s not only his intellectual talents — it’s the fact that he can really get along with everybody and get people to work together,” she said. Now with his transitional first 100 days as chancellor behind him, Washington has his sights set on not only making the areas surrounding Duke a model for population healthcare, but making the path to get there a blueprint for other universities to use as well. “The whole goal is at Duke is that we don’t just do this to take care of ourselves, or even to be ready for today. We accept the obligation to create this for the future, to help other institutions figure this out,” Washington said. “If not at Duke, then where?”
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FRIDAY, AUGUST 21, 2015 | 3
Illegal food trucks pose public health risk Neelesh Moorthy The Chronicle As Durham’s food truck culture continues to grow, illegally-operating food trucks are becoming a concern for the community. Durham is recognized as one of the nation’s premier cities for food trucks, but legally-permitted food trucks and worried customers have recently expressed concern that illegally-operating mobile food units pose a danger to public safety and the Durham County Department of Public Health has received a number of food sickness complaints related to illegal vendors. In response, the department is taking steps to prevent illegal food trucks from operating and to educate consumers on the dangers of improper food preparation. “Anyone who eats food that was prepared by an illegal vendor is taking their health into their own hands,” said J. Christopher Salter, director of environmental health at the Durham County Department of Public Health. Salter explained that in order to legally sell food in North Carolina, mobile food units need to be issued a permit through the department’s “plan review process.” Inspectors look closely at the equipment and vehicle to make sure they fulfill certain requirements and do not present any health concerns. One of the most important requirements for obtaining a permit is having a commissary—a building where the majority of food preparation and waste removal takes place.
Darbi Griffith | Chronicle File Photo Consumers are raising concerns about the city’s public health being negatively impacted by illegally-operated food trucks.
Food trucks that have not undergone this review process pose a public health risk because there is no way to know if the food was stored correctly or if proper equipment was used. To assure the quality and safety of the food they are purchasing, customers should look for a county-issued “grade card,” which legal food trucks are required to display, Salter said. He noted that illegal vendors rarely resemble popular, legal food trucks—more often operating out of the back of a private SUV. The department has also received complaints from legal food trucks that have lost sales to illegal vendors located near
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construction sites and busy intersections. Salter said it would be unfair to legal vendors—who incur significant costs to comply with the county’s requirements— for the department to ignore these illegal vendors. Cecilia Polanco, a senior at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, is working on starting her own food truck—So Good Pupusas—with help from the Morehead-Cain Foundation at UNC. Having grown up in Durham and eaten at Latino-owned food vendors in the area, Polanco said these vendors, which include many illegal ones, have not been a problem in the past because
they were contained within the Latino community. Durham’s food truck boom and accompanying increases in regulation have led to increased scrutiny on said vendors, Polanco said. “It’s upsetting to me because I know that these vendors have been doing this for a long, long time,” she said. “I don’t believe that there are the resources for them to know what they’re supposed to do until they get in trouble.” Polanco said her eventual goal is to create a food truck that can be operated by multiple people so that currently illegal vendors can begin to make a living legally. Salter described the department’s investigations not as a “crack-down” but as an “educational initiative,” acknowledging that many illegal vendors might originate from another country where selling food without a permit is legal. Rather than only shutting down the vendors, Salter said the department will put informational posters in churches, stores and community centers. Illegal vendors are given three warnings from the department before the police are contacted to issue a citation, at which point a court date is set, Salter explained. “We’re trying to get the message out there in hopes that people will adhere to the law and stop doing it,” Salter said. “And if people would stop buying from these folks, they’d stop doing it.” Along with the Public Health Department’s efforts to educate vendors, a number of local food trucks are planning to create a food truck association that See FOOD TRUCKS on Page 9
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Cameron Convocation welcomes Class of 2019 Alex Griffith The Chronicle The second-largest class in University history filled Cameron Indoor Stadium Wednesday for the new-student Convocation ceremony. President Richard Brodhead, along with other faculty and student leaders, spoke to a stadium of 1,750 freshmen. The speeches asked students to embrace change, focus on personal growth and ask the right questions. “Disruption isn’t fun, but disruption is the creator of new possibilities,” Brodhead said, encouraging students to push boundaries. “None of us see our work here as being the conservators of tradition.” Brodhead also pointed out the many ongoing construction projects around campus, including the restoration of the Chapel that relegated convocation to Cameron Indoor. He explained, however, that the most meaningful construction projects were “building men and women.” “The construction starts today,” he said. “I welcome you to Duke.” Christoph Guttentag, dean of undergraduate admissions, opened the ceremony by asking students to look around at the classmates they would be sharing their Duke experience with. “What you saw there is a glimpse of what you will constantly notice during your time here,” he said, highlighting
4 | FRIDAY, AUGUST 21, 2015
various students, including an Irish dancer, farmers, a snow cone food truck operator and the world’s youngest Airbnb host. “We noticed those of you who were willing to take a risk. This is a place that responds to that kind of choice.” As he typically does, Guttentag profiled the class, which features students from 48 states and 79 countries. The Class of 2019 is one of the most racially diverse in University history—students of color make up almost half of the class and Latino students make up 10 percent of the group, the highest figure ever. Twelve percent of the Class of 2019 are children of alumni, and North Carolina, New York and California top the list of states represented by Duke’s newest freshmen. A f t e r Brodhead isruption spoke, Steve Nowicki, isn’t fun, dean and vice but disruption is provost of the creator of new undergraduate education, possibilities asked students — President Richard to challenge Brodhead themselves and others to learn and grow as much as possible—to be skeptical, but not cynical, and to be ready for answers that may be uncomfortable. ”I want you to question authority
See CONVOCATION on Page 6
Jesús Hidalgo | The Chronicle FACs got their exercise Tuesday morning and afternoon, moving in the second-largest class in Duke history to kick off a new-look orientation week.
FRIDAY, AUGUST 21, 2015 | 5
Undergrad’s Alzheimer’s research internationally recognized Abigail Xie The Chronicle A student Alzheimer’s Disease researcher is receiving national attention after publishing findings that show women decline in cognitive function at twice the rate of men. Senior Katherine Lin presented her work at the Alzheimer’s Association International Conference in Washington July 18-23 alongside experts from around the world. Her findings shed light on gender differences in Alzheimer’s, a disease that afflicts an estimated 5.3 million Americans—almost two-thirds of whom are women. “It seems to say that women at risk for Alzheimer’s might be having a different experience than men,” Lin said. “I would consider them still preliminary findings, but this is the longest follow-up that’s been done so far.” After several members of her family were diagnosed with the disease, Lin, a Wrenn Clinical Research Scholar, began research last year with Murali Doraiswamy, a Duke professor of psychiatry and senior author of the study. “Especially with our aging population, Alzheimer’s is becoming more and more of an exigent issue that needs attention,” she explained. “The more I read about Alzheimer’s, the more I wanted to be involved in this huge endeavor in some way.” The study—which is part of the longitudinal Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative project—
looked at 398 subjects and analyzed data from up to eight years ago, concluding that women deteriorated twice as fast in both cognition and function. The subjects Lin studied were classified as having mild cognitive impairment (MCI), a condition that is often a precursor to developing Alzheimer’s, explained Doraiswamy in an email. Data was gathered from two commonly used measures of Alzheimer’s or MCI in research—the ADAS test, a series of tasks that assess the subject’s memory, language and other cognitive abilities, and the Clinical Dementia Rating, which evaluated the subjects’ functional status in their daily lives. Although the study could not conclude why such stark differences emerge between the genders’ cognitive deterioration, current theories in the field cite differing
genetic vulnerabilities, lifestyle factors and hormone changes, among others. These remain speculative, however, Doraiswamy noted. Lin also stressed the need for follow-up studies and future research into the reasons for women’s aster decline. “I think and hope it generates more interest, and the good news is we can take this information and continue to uncover underlying mechanisms, treatment strategies, or possible lifestyle changes,” she said. At the press conference in July, Lin presented the research to an audience of 270 reporters from leading newspaper and networks such as CBS News, The Washington Post and The New York Times. Doraiswamy said that among the many Alzheimer’s researchers there, See LIN on Page 9
Can a child count on you this fall? Join the national effort to improve math education this fall by becoming a tutor in the America Counts program. Modeled after the very successful America Reads Challenge, America Counts lets volunteers and university students in the federal work-study program tutor elementary-school students in basic math.
America Counts FAQs
Why be a math tutor?
Who can tutor?
America Counts welcomes undergraduate and graduate student tutors. Volunteers tutor two hours each week. Students eligible for federal work-study tutor up to six hours each week. The rate of pay for undergraduate work-study tutors is $13.25 per hour. For graduate students, the rate is $16.25.
Where do tutors work? At Duke-Durham Neighborhood Partnership elementary and middle schools, nearby charter schools and community centers.
When do I tutor? America Counts tutors work with children during school, Monday through Friday.
How do I apply? Submit online by 5 p.m. on September 7. Application is available here: http://bit.ly/1NiUbDA
Special to The Chronicle Senior Katherine Lin presented her Alzheimer’s research at an international conference in Washington July 18-23.
JOB OPPORTUNITIES AT DUKE UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES FOR DUKE STUDENTS FLEXIBLE HOURS - COMPETITIVE WAGES OPPORTUNITIES AVAILABLE FOR UNDERGRADUATE AND GRADUATE STUDENTS WORK STUDY AND NON-WORK STUDY POSITIONS
VARIETY OF POSITIONS AVAILABLE IN VARIOUS LOCATIONS: Perkins/Bostock (West Campus) – including: • Circulation Desk • Stacks Management • International and Area Studies • Rubenstein Library • Assessment & User Experience • Center for Instructional Technology Smith Warehouse (Buchanan Blvd, across from the main entrance to Duke University’s East Campus), including: • Acquisitions (book purchasing, processing orders) • Cataloging • Electronic Resources and Serials Management • Rubenstein Library • Music Library • Lilly Library
STUDENT APPLICATION ON-LINE!!! To search for available jobs and to fill out the on-line application, visit the Libraries’ web page
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• Students need solid math skills in the information age. • Low income students who take algebra and geometry attend college at three times the rate of those who do not. • Math teaches students ways of thinking that apply in every workplace. • Math tutors are great role models. • Local schools need math tutors. • It’s fun!
The Community Service Center is a department of Duke University Office of Durham and Regional Affairs
Fall 2015 Courses The Literature Program in Global Cultural Studies LIT 390S-01 (8651)
LITERATURE OF MIGRATION & EXILE M3:05PM - 8:05PM
LIT 690S-01 (3593)
(DE)COLONIALITY & THE GEOPOLITICS M 4:40PM - 7:10PM Walter Mignolo
LIT 690S-03 (3595)
GILLES DELEUZE W 1:25PM - 3:55PM Kenneth Surin LIT 690S-04 (3596)
LIT 390S-02 (3574)
SEX, CENSORSHIP AND LITERATURE WF 4:40PM - 5:55PM Lindsey Andrews
LIT 690S-02 (3594)
DAVID HARVEY Tu 6:15PM - 8:45PM Kenneth Surin LIT 890S-01 (3599)
STUDIES IN PETRO-FICTION & FILM M 11:45AM - 2:15PM Negar Mottahedeh
POWER, SUBJECTIVITY & ADDICTION Th 3:05PM - 5:35PM Antonio Viego LIT 390S-06
TERROR, TRAUMA & MYSTERY Tu 4:40PM - 7:10PM Ariel Dorfman
6 | FRIDAY, AUGUST 21, 2015
CONVOCATION from page 4
Carolyn Chang | The Chronicle President Richard Brodhead told the Class of 2019 to push the envelope and try new things in his convocation address.
because, at its core, understanding when and where to question authority is what education is all about,” he said. Continuing with his theme, Nowicki discussed how standing up to authority was relevant during his youth, when he experienced events such as the Vietnam War, the Watergate scandal and the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. “Question authority seems like it might be as good a mantra for your generation as it was for mine,” he said, referring to today’s political stagnation, social movements and global challenges such as poverty and war. Duke Student Government President Keizra Mecklai, a senior, gave the last convocation speech, encouraging students to be ambitious and grow during their years at Duke. “All of your hard work has culminated with your Carolyn Chang | The Chronicle presence here at the best university in the United Dean of Admissions Christoph Guttentag profiled one of the States,” she said. most diverse classes in Duke history Wednesday. Senior Madison Spahn of the Duke Chorale closed the ceremony by leading the audience in the alma mater “Dear Old Duke.” “I thought the speeches were very original and had very good themes,” freshman Dillon Leovic said. “It was a good mix of people to hear from.” Freshmen Siera and Kiera Lunn added that the confidence faculty seem to have in the students, and the themes of growth and change, made convocation meaningful. “The people we came here being are probably not the people we’re going to be when we leave,” Siera Lunn said. “We’re going to be able to change, grow and mature over our four years.” After the ceremony ended, students enjoyed a picnic with their parents, most of whom will leave to allow their sons and daughters to acclimate to life on campus before classes start Monday.
Improving the Health of Individuals and Families Living with Sickle Cell A Joint Conference with Experts from Duke, UNC, ECU, Cone Health Systems, Carolinas Healthcare System, and Pi Chapter of Chi Eta Phi Sorority
Please join us for two very special days of learning for healthcare providers, patients and families affected by Sickle Cell. Day 1 (Adult Focus) Friday, September 11, 2015, 8 a.m. – 5 p.m.
ASSAULT from page 1 about 40 years old, standing about 5-foot-10 with a medium build. He had short, dark, curly hair and spoke with a strong foreign accent.” Michael Schoenfeld, vice president for public affairs and government relations, said Thursday evening that the information in the release was all that the University could release at that time. Thursday’s DukeAlert was the second in less than a month. On July 24, an alert was sent out about an armed robbery that occurred near the 301 Swift Ave. apartments. Check back with The Chronicle for future updates on this developing story.
Day 2 (Pediatric Focus) Saturday, September 12, 2015, 9 a.m. – 4:15 p.m. Note: Childcare and supervised age-appropriate activities will be provided on Day 2 ONLY
Space is limited. Register at events.duke.edu/scdconference2015. Questions: 919-660-1760 Registration Fees:
Healthcare Providers $25 per day Students $10 per day Individuals with Sickle Cell $5 per day Family Members $10 per day
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ICS from page 1 and others feel that if programs such as Women’s Studies and Asian & Middle Eastern Studies are allowed to hire tenure-track faculty, ICS should also be allowed to do the same in order to secure a more stable future. “The advantage of a department is you have a relatively deep bench,” Kirk said. “The idea had been with Dr. Hasso coming on as director that you had that dedicated person doing it. When she decided not to continue, that certainly does leave a hole.” Cheri Ross, associate professor of the practice of ICS, was named co-director of ICS and director of undergraduate studies to provide leadership after Hasso decided not to continue as director of the program in June. Ross resigned the post in July, however, after accepting a position at the University of California, Davis, Hasso and Dean of Social Sciences Linda Burton confirmed. Ross’ decision to leave the University has not yet been publicly announced. Because of Ross’ departure, Burton and Lee Baker, dean of academic affairs, have been acting as interim codirectors of ICS, with Senior Lecturing Fellow Catherine Mathers acting as director of undergraduate studies. Although Burton wrote in an email that the recent changes seen in ICS “are not unusual,” Jocelyn Olcott, associate professor of history and ICS and a member of the ICS Program Committee, noted that it could be difficult for the deans to focus on running the program given their other responsibilities. “In a university of limited resources (i.e., in any university), it’s critical that there are people who speak up on behalf of the department/program,” Olcott wrote in an email. “At present, the co-directors really have a foot in both camps—ICS and administration—and inevitably will have competing interests.” Hasso explained in a recent conversation that she
FRIDAY, AUGUST 21, 2015 | 7
chose not to continue as director because she felt ICS was not sustainable. Despite the program’s high level of undergraduate interest—it has averaged approximately 155 majors and 55 graduates in recent years—Hasso said ICS has not received a proportional level of support from administrators. In Spring 2013, Hasso formally requested an external review of the program with the hope of showing administrators that ICS needed more core faculty support. In meetings with administrators, she was told the review would happen within the next year—but it never did. The lack of commitment to her request was one reason she chose to move on, Hasso explained. Another point of contention was the ability to hire tenuretrack faculty to maintain the desirable faculty core that Hasso wanted for the program. The 2013 Board of Trustees resolution establishing ICS as a formal program stated that ICS could only hire non-tenure-track faculty, which Hasso feels has kept the program from reaching its full potential. Currently the only faculty with ICS as their main focus are Mathers, Program Coordinator Lisa Poteet, Jessica Namakkal, associate professor of the practice of ICS, and Instructor Heather Settle. The major requires 14 courses—four of which must be foreign language courses that correspond to a region for concentrated study—so several ICS courses are taught by faculty in different departments. “ICS core courses require an interdisciplinary approach to global studies, informed by a research agenda,” Hasso said. “Even qualified faculty are essentially retrained through the core ICS courses, because they’re often initially trained in one disciplinary approach to global studies. Just when a qualified and committed faculty member has perfected teaching in global studies at Duke, they often leave because of lack of institutional support.” The decision to allow ICS to hire only non-tenure-track faculty was made based on the procedures outlined in chapter two of the Faculty Handbook after review by the Arts and Sciences Council and the Academic Programs Committee, explained Scott Huettel, Jerry and Patricia Hubbard Professor of psychology and neuroscience and former chair of the APC, in an email. In relation to tenuretrack appointments, the Faculty Handbook states: “Tenure is made only with Board of Trustees approval and by units offering credit toward a degree. Units authorized
to make such appointments include schools (Fuqua School of Business, School of Law, Divinity School, Sanford School of Public Policy, School of Nursing), departments (Trinity College of Arts and Sciences, Pratt School of Engineering, School of Medicine), divisions (Nicholas School of the Environment), and other units of an interdisciplinary nature so authorized by the Board of Trustees (sections, institutes and, in rare cases, centers or programs).” But although ICS is an interdisciplinary program and not a department, Hasso and Kirk pointed out that similar entities are allowed to directly hire tenure-track faculty. After waiting almost 40 years to obtain program status, gaining the ability to directly appoint tenure-track positions would be an important next step for ICS. “A key part of sustainability is to be able to hire or appoint partial or full lines in tenure-track positions because otherwise you are dependent on contingent faculty labor or faculty with primary responsibilities in another department,” Hasso said. Duke undergraduate students, who have voted with their feet in their commitment to ICS for over 40 years, deserve better from Duke University.” Olcott noted that despite her passion for ICS, she must prioritize her commitment to the history department. “I’m deeply committed to the ICS students I advise, but my first obligation inevitably is to my principal department,” she wrote. “ICS students deserve to have more faculty whose primary commitment is to them.” In contrast to the concerns of Hasso, Kirk and Olcott, Ross wrote in an email that she is confident that the University will make the necessary hires to replace her because Duke “is committed to staffing ICS appropriately for its teaching needs.” But the questions facing ICS will remain until the program is better able to build up the faculty core Hasso said it needs, a task that is even more difficult without a fulltime director. “ICS really exemplifies everything that we consider the hallmarks of a Duke education —it’s interdisciplinary, it’s globally oriented, it’s engaged,” Olcott wrote. “You would think ICS would be Duke’s academic poster child, but instead it always seems to get short shrift.” Editor’s Note: The Chronicle communicated with Hasso both in person and via email.
Duke University Department of Music
AUDITIONS & OPEN REHEARSALS for Music Lessons & Ensembles music.duke.edu/ensembles/audition-information or call 919-660-3300
Auditions are required for admission to these courses.
Sign-up sheets are posted outside the audition rooms for ensembles and private lessons, except for choral auditions (call 684-3898). Sat, Aug 22
1:30 - 2:30 pm OR 3 - 4 pm
Mon, Aug 24 Fri, Aug 28 10 am - 5 pm
THE LITERATURE OF MIGRATION AND EXILE
We live in an age of dislocations, with enhanced border security and a paradoxical acceleration of border crossings. This course will explore a profusion of literary and filmic responses to this situation and its dilemmas, with a particular emphasis on the elite experience of exiles and the contrasting ways in which migrants and immigrants live and express this massive phenomenon. Attention will be brought to the history, background and etymology of these concepts. Works from Latin America, Europe, Asia and Africa will be examined, with a major focus on the US today. Students will be encouraged to find out how these questions affect their own lives, at home as well as at the University and in the NC environment. Classes will begin with lectures and discussion, followed by a film screening.
Chorale & Chapel Choir (call 919-684-3898)
Mon, Aug 24
4 - 7:30 pm 6 - 9 pm 7 - 8 pm 7:15 - 9:15 pm 8 - 9 pm
Classical Piano Viola, Cello, & Bass Saxophone & Euphonium Jazz Ensemble Open Rehearsal Classical Guitar
Tues, Aug 25
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8 | FRIDAY, AUGUST 21, 2015
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‘FUN HOME’ from page 1
FRIDAY, AUGUST 21, 2015 | 9
FOOD TRUCKS from page 3
Freshman Jeffrey Wubbenhorst based his decision not to read the book on its graphic novel format. “The nature of ‘Fun Home’ means that content that I might have consented to read in print now violates my conscience due to its pornographic nature,” he wrote in an email. Grasso said that many students privately messaged him thanking him for the post and agreeing with his viewpoint. He explained that he knew the post would be controversial but wanted to make sure students with similar Christian beliefs did not feel alone, adding that he also heard from several students with non-Christian backgrounds who chose not to read the book for moral reasons. “There is so much pressure on Duke students, and they want so badly to fit in,” he said. “But at the end of the day, we don’t have to read the book.” The summer reading book selection committee expected that the novel would be contentious among its readers, said senior Sherry Zhang, a member of the committee and co-chair of the First-Year Advisory Counselor Board. The debate generated by Grasso’s post was “very respectful and considerate,” Zhang said. Although the book selection has prompted valuable discussions for some first-years, others said it changed their perception of Duke.
“I thought to myself, ‘What kind of school am I going to?’” said freshman Elizabeth Snyder-Mounts. Grasso noted that he felt the book choice was insensitive to people with more conservative beliefs. “Duke did not seem to have people like me in mind,” he said. “It was like Duke didn’t know we existed, which surprises me.” Zhang said that she supports the book choice, which she believes shows that Duke is a place that does not shy away from issues of sexuality. However, she added that the choice of whether or not to read the book ultimately belongs to each individual student. “I would encourage them to talk about why they chose to read it or not,” she said.
would help aspiring truck owners get started, said Susan Tower, owner of Deliicious. The association would seek to educate new owners on best practices and regulatory requirements in order to maintain high quality within the industry. Tower said the main threat illegal vendors pose to the industry is not a financial one, but instead the potential they have to damage its reputation. “What they are going to do is end up getting in trouble,” Tower said. “The only way these food trucks are going to hurt us is by giving food trucks a bad name in general.” Editor’s Note: The Chronicle spoke with Salter by phone and by email.
Chronicle File Photo The Durham County Public Health Department hopes to clean up the city’s food truck scene—one of the most popular in the country.
LIN from page 5 Lin’s presentation was “one of the best.” “Being at the conference was really inspiring for me. So much phenomenal research is being done and many questions are being asked from different domains like neuropsychology and epidemiology,” Lin said. “I was just excited to share something I’m really interested in.” Lin plans to spend her senior year doing further research into Alzheimer’s and specifically studying differences in hippocampal volume. She is majoring in neuroscience and hopes to have a career as an academic physician. The study’s co-authors also included Kingshuk Choudhury, Bharat Rathakrishnan, and Jeffrey Petrella.
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THE BLUE ZONE
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BLUE DEVILS OFF TO THE RACES Jesús Hidalgo The Chronicle With just a few tinkers to last year’s starting lineup and a deeper bench, Duke starts its season in the UNC Nike Classic for the third straight year. After defeating No. 22 Clemson 1-0 at Koskinen Stadium in an exhibition game Saturday, head coach Robbie Church’s team begins the Duke 2015 season battling Fresno State Friday at 5 p.m. at Fetzer Field in vs. Chapel Hill. Fresno The contest marks the first State time ever that Duke will take on FRIDAY, 5 p.m. the Bulldogs and the first of 10 Fetzer Field games the Blue Devils will play before starting their ACC campaign against Florida State Sept. 20. Duke “Our goal for this weekend is vs. to win that tournament,” Church said. “We want to progress, we Weber State want to be better at the end of the tournament than we were going SUNDAY, 11 a.m. into it, and to prepare for the folFetzer Field lowing weekend.” Six freshmen—who made their first appearances in a Duke uniform against the Tigers Saturday—will have the opportunity to continue seeing minutes against Fresno State. Among them, midfielder Taylor Racioppi—who was ranked as the No. 2 player in her class— stole the spotlight as she led the Blue Devil attack with four shots in 64 minutes. Even though Racioppi did not find the back of the net, she could have scored her first Duke goal on at least two separate occasions. Her strikes, however, went too wide when she was clean through on goal. Racioppi said the team has been very welcoming
Jesús Hidalgo | The Chronicle Junior captain Christina Gibbons will return to the back line for the Blue Devils as they kick off their season against Fresno State in the UNC Nike Classic. with her and the other freshmen and that the Blue Devils are looking to repeat their solid performance against Clemson. “We like to focus on ourselves a lot,” Racioppi said. “We think that it’s really important that if we can know how we’re going to play and do it well, we should be fine against any team. Of course, we’ll do a scouting report, but the focus is on us for every game.” Midfielder Cassie Pecht—who was named the ACC Rookie of the Year and received All-ACC Freshman Team honors in 2012—missed the 2013 and 2014 seasons due to a knee injury. The redshirt sophomore returned to action Saturday and played 57 minutes.
Church praised Pecht’s mental toughness as she fought her injuries despite a few relapses, and also remarked how great the help from the team’s physical therapists was during the course of her recuperation. “It’s been unfair that she hasn’t been able to play,” Church said. “But she’s never wavered or blamed anybody and just came back to work. Now she’s back and playing at a very high level.” Thanks to Pecht’s versatility, fast change-of-pace ability and standout ball control, Church hopes to have plenty of options in the attacking third of the field and See W. SOCCER, page 16
Catching fire: Blazing grabs gold at Pan-Am games Jake Herb The Chronicle
Sanjeev Dasgupta | The Chronicle After two straight All-America selections, goalkeeper Lauren Blazing traveled to Canada with the U.S. national team and won gold in the Pan American Games.
“What did you do this summer?” For the next two weeks, that question will be a staple of campus conversation. Newly-minted freshmen will ask it while eating meals at the newly-renovated Marketplace. Old friends will use it to catch up quickly on the quad between classes. The question will generate an untold number of unique responses, ranging from the orthodox to the avant-garde. For redshirt senior Lauren Blazing, the summer yielded a gold medal—and much more. Blazing spent three weeks in Toronto in July competing in the Pan American Games with the U.S. national field hockey team. Held every four years in the 12 months preceding the Summer Olympics, the Pan-Am Games bring together more than 7,000 athletes from 41 countries to compete in 48 sports as varied as wakeboarding, baseball, mountain biking and table tennis. For the Durham native, the opportunity to compete with the U.S. national team was the realizaSee BLAZING, page 15
12 | FRIDAY, AUGUST 21, 2015
Duke hosts 49ers in exhibition on New Devil’s Night Meredith Cash The Chronicle After coming off a rigorous and laser-focused preseason, Duke will test its stamina as it faces a nationally ranked UNC Charlotte squad in its second and final exhibition match. The Blue Devils will take on the No. 17 49ers at Koskinen No. 17 UNC Stadium Friday at 7 Charlotte p.m. in their home vs. debut. Duke is comDuke ing off of a 2-1 victory against the ColFRIDAY, 7 p.m. lege of Charleston Koskinen Stadium one week ago, and UNC Charlotte shut out Elon with a 1-0 win last Sunday. “I see [the contest] as a fun challenge to see where we’re at and where we need to get to,” Duke head coach John Kerr said. “A lot of questions were answered in the Charleston game and I think even more questions will be answered [Friday].” Friday’s matchup will serve as a homecoming for 16 of Kerr’s players, but six Blue Devils will play at the newly renovated Koskinen Stadium for the first time. Duke posted a 9-9-1 record in 2014 and went 4-4-0 in conference play. The
Lily Coad | The Chronicle Returning leading scorer Brody Huitema will look to give the Blue Devils an offensive spark Friday night against the 49ers in Duke’s final exhibition of the preseason. offensive attack will be spearheaded by junior forward Brody Huitema—last season’s leading scorer who will look to best his five goals and five assists from 2014. Two-time All-ACC choice Zach Mathers will anchor the defense and help ground a young roster in his senior season after completing a summer campaign with the U-23 Carolina RailHawks.
Kerr’s six newcomers include three graduate transfers and three freshmen from abroad. Defenders Tyler Hilliard and Jared Rist—graduate transfers from Syracuse and Georgetown—will provide reinforcements for a roster that lost senior captain Sean Davis. Mitch Kupstas— who graduated from Brown—adds to the Blue Devils’ already talented goalkeeping
depth. Freshmen Ciaran McKenna and Oliver Spring should make an immediate impact after impressing during preseason, but Torbjørn Alseth will not see the field right away after sustaining a foot fracture before arriving on campus. “The current members of the team who have been here have really opened See M. SOCCER, page 16
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Office of the Vice President for Institutional Equity
August 18, 2015 Dear Duke Students, As Vice President for Institutional Equity, I want to welcome each of you as a new or returning Duke University student. The new academic year brings with it great opportunities to carry out our mission and common values of excellence, respect and inclusion. The Office for Institutional Equity is committed to sustaining and encouraging a climate that fosters these values. Howard Kallem, in the Office for Institutional Equity, is Duke’s Director for Title IX Compliance. He is responsible for the coordination and administration of Duke’s nondiscrimination and harassment policies. Title IX is a federal law that prohibits sex discrimination. You should be aware that, consistent with Title IX and other federal requirements, the Duke Student Sexual Misconduct Policy prohibits all forms of sex/genderbased harassment, sexual violence, sexual exploitation, relationship violence (domestic violence and dating violence), and stalking. My office serves as an important resource in ensuring our work and learning environments are respectful, inclusive and free from prohibited discrimination or harassment of any kind. Within our diverse community, it is important that we interact in a manner that permits each of us to perform at our very best. It is my hope and expectation that you will never encounter conduct that is inappropriate, discriminatory or harassing. Should you ever feel you have been subjected to such conduct, do not hesitate to seek help. Students can contact Victoria Krebs, Associate Dean of Students, Title IX Outreach and Response, in the Office of Student Conduct at (919) 684-7336, or email@example.com. You can also contact my office at (919) 684-8222. We are located in Smith Warehouse, 114 S. Buchanan Blvd., Bay 8, on the first floor. Welcome, and go Duke! Sincerely,
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Freshmen prepare for college debut Friday Cassie Calvert The Chronicle
Jesús Hidalgo | The Chronicle Midfielder Taylor Racioppi leads a strong group of freshmen ready to make an impact for Duke head coach Robbie Church.
After losing eight seniors and their starting goalie, the Blue Devils looked to be in need of some new talent following a postseason-less 2014 season. Fortunately, head coach Robbie Church’s club will be bolstered by the addition of the No. 6 recruiting class in the nation. The six incoming freshmen have already racked up numerous accolades in their high school careers and will be counted on to make an immediate impact this season. And although these rookies have yet to log a single minute in a regular-season game, the early results have been positive.
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“So far I think they’re an awesome fit,” junior captain Christina Gibbons said of the freshmen. “On the field, I think that they’ll bring a lot of different skills, a lot of different options too, in terms of formations that we want to play and definitely a lot more depth to our team.” One new Blue Devil sure to make a quick impression is Taylor Racioppi. Ranked as the No. 2 player in the class by TopDrawerSoccer.com, Racioppi scored 50 goals and added 16 assists in her three years of high school soccer. An NJSCA H.S. All-America selection in 2014, Racioppi was also the MVP of the East team in the 2014 High School All-America game. “Taylor is a special player—there’s no question about it,” Duke head coach Robbie Church said. The Ocean Township, N.J., native has tremendous National Team experience, and the fact that she played up an age group should help her contribute significantly as an 18-year-old freshman. Racioppi has competed internationally, contributuing to the U-20 National Team’s second-place finish at the 2015 NTC Invitational in June. Her athleticism gives her versatility and although she is listed as a midfielder, Church is unsure where on the field he will utilize her most. “She’s very creative on the ball, she’s very comfortable on the ball. She can score, she can score from distance, she can beat you off the dribble,” Church said. “[We’ll] see some exciting times from Taylor in Koskinen Stadium this fall.” Joining Racioppi is a strong freshmen class that has already bonded closely. The team took a preseason training trip to the North Carolina mountains, which featured plenty of quality time for the teammates to get to know one another off the field. “It’s a game we love and we get to play it with our best friends,” Racioppi said. “That’s something that I’ve learned quickly, is that these girls are going to be my best friends.” Her freshmen teammates include Anna Munro from Ottawa, Ontario—the only member of the class from outside the United States. Munro—a 5-foot-9 forward—played for the Ottawa Fury club team during the summer. Another rookie forward, Kayla McCoy has participated in multiple National Team training camps and was ranked as the No. 3 overall player in the class according to TopDrawerSoccer.com. Teammate Chelsea Burns was the Gatorade Florida Player of the Year during her senior campaign, notching 31 goals and 22 See FRESHMEN, page 16
Jesús Hidalgo | The Chronicle Freshman Chelsea Burns is one of six members of the Blue Devils’ sixth-ranked freshman class that will look to help send Duke back to the postseason.
from page 11
tion of a dream she had held since first arriving at Duke. “I was pretty much off the walls when I found out I had made the team [in June 2014],” Blazing said. “I hadn’t expected it at all. You never do. I got an email from [U.S. head coach] Craig Parnham to everyone that had made it, and I just looked at it and was like ‘Oh my gosh’, and then I was like ‘Mom, guess what!’ and she was pretty excited, too.” Blazing’s journey to the Pan-Am Games began in seventh grade, when she was selected to enroll in the Futures Program operated by Team USA. The elite training program, which brings on approximately 5,000 students every year, serves at the entry point for the Olympic Development Pipeline for nearly all U.S. Women’s National Team members. In six years of training with the Futures program, Blazing struggled to stand out—every year at tryouts, she was sent home early, never making it through the regional stage. When Blazing graduated high school, she aged out of the Futures program and her path to the U.S. National Team seemed closed. But the two-time All goalkeeper opted to stay close to home for the next leg of her career, accepting a scholarship from then first-year head coach Pam Bustin to play at Duke. It was there—somewhere between the pipes at Jack Katz Stadium—that Blazing caught fire. Blazing quickly made a name for herself with the Blue Devils as being equal parts hardworking and humble. She began training with the USA High Performance team in the summers. From there she was selected to Junior National Camp and competed with the U-21 U.S. team in the 2012 Junior Pan-Am Games. During her redshirt sophomore year, Blazing enjoyed a breakout season in goal, culminating in the Blue Devils’ fourth NCAA title game appearance. She
then began traveling to Team USA Headquarters in Lancaster, Pa., to train with the senior national team for added practice. In June 2014, she got her email. “She really loves the challenge of getting better,” Bustin said. “For her to go—without any expectations—to the national team practices and show up and play without expecting anything in return is exactly why she got the opportunity. She prepared herself to be ready, and she was. That’s just the kind of teammate that she is.” Blazing and the rest of the American squad arrived in Toronto one week before their first competition. Daily schedules were dominated with practices and other team activities, but Blazing—who served as a reserve goalie for the squad—still found time between film sessions to explore the space around her and enjoy the Pan-Am Village. “The whole time you’re focused on hockey, but you also have this amazing village experience,” Blazing said. “At night or after games, you take the time to wind down, talk to people and hang out and watch a little bit of the other events.” In the group stage of the tournament, the United States posted three straight shut-outs, including a 12-0 rout of Cuba in the finale. In the quarterfinals and semifinals, the Americans beat both the Dominican Republic and Canada without allowing a goal, heading into the gold medal game against Argentina with a cumulative goal differential of 37-0 through five games. With the gold medal on the line, the United States held strong, winning narrowly in a 2-1 contest. “First and foremost, it was a really good hockey learning experience,” Blazing said. “You get to spend time with the team. You get to know everyone on a deeper level because you are pretty much together 24/7.” The trip was also provided Blazing with a chance to
FRIDAY, AUGUST 21, 2015 | 15
think deeply about the obstacles facing female athletes around the world and the privileges she has enjoyed as a U.S. athlete. Blazing explicitly named the issue of pay as a sign of inequality in women’s’ sports across the Americas. “We’re a funded team,” Blazing said. “Our players get paid, and that’s not true for every team. There are other teams where the girls are working full-time and get to practice maybe twice a week. There are countries where it is almost frowned upon to be playing field hockey—and these girls are still out there. In some places, you’re either making money [at your job] or you’re seen as wasting those hours playing a sport.” Blazing was not the only Blue Devil representing the U.S. this summer. Duke alum Stefanie Fee also sported the stars and stripes this July as a defender, helping preserve the team’s five shutout victories. Fee has been a mentor for Blazing since her high school days at Durham Academy, where Fee helped coach the young prospect. In their lone season together at Duke, the Virginia Beach, Va., native made a strong impression on Blazing as a team player. “It’s definitely been a really good connection there,” Blazing said. “She’s someone I really looked up to in my time at Duke. It’s just one of those things where every time I go up north to train I know I have a place to stay, I know I have someone to rely on as a support and someone I can go to.” With the start of Duke’s season just around the corner, Blazing is about to trade in her red, white and blue jersey for a blue and white uniform. Her time with Team USA could continue as well—because the Olympics are right around the corner. “It’s the perfect story…and what a cool experience for both Fee and Blaze to get the gold,” Bustin said. “I’m excited to see what [Blazing] does this season and how she builds her role with the U.S. national team after Duke.”
from page 12
up their arms to these guys [and] they’re fitting in great,” Kerr said. “They seem to be hitting the ground running. Adjustments have been made and it seems like they’ve already been here for a while.” The 49ers went 14-4-1 overall in 2014 and only sustained one loss in conference play. They earned a No. 10 seed in last season’s NCAA tournament, but fell to North Carolina—ranked fifth in this year’s preseason poll—in the second round. UNC Charlotte looks to complete its fifth straight season culminating in an NCAA tournament appearance. The 49ers dominated Elon in Sunday’s exhibition contest, allowing the Phoenix just three shots in 90 minutes of play. The lone goal of the match came off a free-kick headed into the net by freshman Maclean Holbrook. Duke’s biggest challenge in taking on the 49ers will be senior Kyle Parker. The Marvin, N.C., native led the team last season with nine goals and also provided seven assists. The forward is the preseason favorite for Conference USA Player of the Year and has recently been added to the MAC Hermann Trophy men’s watch list. Junior Brandt Bronico and redshirt senior Dominic Bonilla will also pose a major threat for the Blue Devil defense, as the two midfielders combined for 8 goals and 14 assists last season. “This is a very talented Charlotte team,” Kerr said. “I don’t see [the contest] as a challenge other than fighting through the fatigue of preseason while
knowing you have to perform against a top team in the country.” Between Parker’s offensive prowess and the back line’s stifling defense, UNC Charlotte will certainly be an early test for Duke as the season rapidly approaches. The Blue Devils will officially kick off the season when they host St. Mary’s at the John Rennie Nike Invitational Aug. 28.
from page 14
assists to lead her high school to the 1A State Championships. Two native North Carolinians round out the class in Kat McDonald and Mary Love Taylor. The duo competed for the Region III Olympic Development program overseas in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. Like several of their classmates, McDonald and Taylor also enjoyed successful high school careers. McDonald earned NSCAA All-America honors and was named the NCSCA North Carolina Player of the Year in her senior season, and Taylor claimed the Big East Conference Defensive Player of the Year and 3A Region Player of the Year titles. Each new Blue Devil boasts their own noteworthy accomplishments, but joining a storied program as a freshman can be intimidating. The Duke upperclassmen have made sure the freshmen felt welcome and could immediately feel part of the team. “I think the returning players did a phenomenal job over the spring and the summer to reach out to our freshmen and just welcome them into the soccer
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family and answer any questions that they had over the course of the summer,” Church said. “Once we start, it’s a whirlwind, so they’ve got to get their feet on the ground.” The veterans’ efforts have not gone unnoticed by the freshmen. “It’s been absolutely incredible. They’ve just completely welcomed us with open arms, both on and off the field,” Racioppi said. “The upperclassmen have done an amazing job of creating this culture that is really open and freshmen aren’t afraid to say something in a team meeting or make a bad pass on the field because we have the support around us.” Not only pleased at the comfort level already demonstrated by his freshmen class, Church has relished their work in preseason training and will push them to reach the potential he sees. “They’ve played well soccer-wise, but there’s still more in the freshmen and we’re going to be encouraging that,” Church said. “We’re going to need this group of players to really step up and play at a high level as we move forward during our season.” With the powerful additions to the roster combined with the strong leadership from the returning Blue Devils, the newly revamped team will be one to watch this season.
from page 11
increase his team’s number of offensive threats this season. Last year, midfielder Toni Payne fre-
quently led Duke’s attacking plays after receiving a pass from the defenders or when a forced turnover allowed the Blue Devils to start a counter-attack. But when rivals blocked her connection with the forwards, the team wasn’t able to generate different looks or create goal attempts. But as Pecht will look to attack the left side of the field this fall, opponents will usually have to shadow Payne on the right, Racioppi in the middle and the 2012 Rookie of the Year on the left. These multiple offensive threats should facilitate finding openings in the rival defenses—which the team already got a taste of in the exhibition game against Clemson. Another change in the starting lineup this year is captain Christina Gibbons’ position on the pitch. The Raleigh, N.C., native played 16 games last season, most of them as a left midfielder due to the abundance of injuries among her teammates. This time around, Gibbons will play on the left flank again—but as a defender, her natural position. “Christina brings a voice [to the defense,]” Church said. “She’s very comfortable about being a leader on the field and talking and communicating. It’s hard sometimes for some players to play and talk and lead other players but Christina does it very well.” After taking on Fresno State Friday, the Blue Devils will face Weber State in their second game of the UNC Nike Classic Sunday at 11 a.m. in Chapel Hill.
FRIDAY, AUGUST 21, 2015 | 17
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T H E I N D E P E N D E N T D A I LY AT D U K E U N I V E R S I T Y
Come together for diversity
ith every new school year, Duke welcomes a diverse class of first-years, and this year is no exception. The Class of 2019 topped last year’s international representation of 47 countries with an astounding 79 countries. The class also includes 49 percent students of color with 11 and 28 percent African-American and Asian students respectively as well as a record number of 10 percent Latino students. But today we want to bring a different number to the fore. Understanding one class’s diversity requires more than seeing how many students come from different geographical and racial backgrounds. It requires recognizing the diversity of the 100 percent of all Duke students who bring their whole lives to campus. Our community is replete with experiences waiting to be shared. We ask first how students understand diversity and identity and then explore how they can go beyond noting diversity at Duke to truly engaging with and learning from it. The contrast between the two is as profound as the difference between a photo of a mountain range and the actual view from one of its peaks. This discussion of ways to embrace diversity is understatedly important to our entire community but particularly for first-years who are continuing to meet each other and form their first impressions of Duke as
“I believe verification is a long way from fail proof. If a nation wanted to develop nuclear weapons and conceal it that can be done s like this.” — “D.W. Duke” in response to the Aug. 10 guest column “If it sounds too bad to be true, it probably isn’t”
LETTERS POLICY The Chronicle welcomes submissions in the form of letters to the editor or guest columns. Submissions must include the author’s name, signature, department or class, and for purposes of identification, phone number and local address. Letters should not exceed 325 words; contact the editorial department for information regarding guest columns. The Chronicle will not publish anonymous or form letters or letters that are promotional in nature. The Chronicle reserves the right to edit letters and guest columns for length, clarity and style and the right to withhold letters based on the discretion of the editorial page editor.
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Orientation Week comes to a close. In Baldwin Auditorium on Monday, Dean Nowicki and President Brodhead addressed Resident Assistants and First-Year Advisory Counselors on the duties and excitement that awaited them on freshman move-in day. Nowicki posited that we need inclusivity more than we realize. In his words, “Inclusion can’t be mistaken for conformity. New students need to
Editorial be included on their own terms.” Part of his meaning was that an inclusive community amplifies rather than mutes its members’ differences. We learn some things best from those who are different from us, and those with these more varied interactions have more to draw from in their approaches to problems and novel situations. Nowicki reminds us that inclusivity is not just some feel-good metric to assess Duke but a vital part of what we need as a university to attract the very best people in the world. We therefore must be very self-aware of what we each bring to Duke. Our skills and abilities can largely be described objectively, but rounding them out are
the experiences that form their basis. As the Orientation Week diversity statement reminds us, every person carries with them complicated paradigms of race, religion, sexuality, gender, class and other facets of diversity. We can easily describe ourselves using these categories, but we really exist at their intersection. To expand our views of others we have to understand each other through describing family histories, explaining cultural backgrounds, recalling home stories and sharing other personal narratives. That understanding precipitates appreciation, and that development lays the foundation for respect and community at Duke. As Vice President of Student Affairs Larry Monetta expressed in his segment on Monday, “Everything you do sends a message. Put a smile on your face because that is how you change people.” The conclusion here is not some lofty ideal or esoteric philosophy of relationships. It is a reminder that not all conversations from move-in day to graduation have to start or stop with somebody’s name and major. Center your interactions on walking together with somebody and evolve past coexistence. Editor’s Note: This editorial was written by members of staff rather than The Chronicle’s independent editorial board.
Don’t sweat ‘the plan’
18 | FRIDAY, AUGUST 21, 2015
ALEX GRIFFITH, University Editor NEELESH MOORTHY, Local & National Editor SANJEEV DASGUPTA, News Photography Editor GEORGIA PARKE, Recess Editor JESÚS HIDALGO, Recess Photography Editor BRIAN POLLACK, Sports Managing Editor NICK MARTIN, Towerview Editor THU NGUYEN, Towerview Creative Director CARLEIGH STIEHM, Senior Editor RITA LO, Graphic Design Editor DANI LAZARUS, Recruitment Chair ADAM BEYER, Senior News Reporter GRACE WANG, Senior News Reporter JULIE MOORE, Creative Director
The Chronicle is published by the Duke Student Publishing Company, Inc., a non-profit corporation independent of Duke University. The opinions expressed in this newspaper are not necessarily those of Duke University, its students, faculty, staff, administration or trustees. Unsigned editorials represent the majority view of the editorial board. Columns, letters and cartoons represent the views of the authors. To reach the Editorial Office at 301 Flowers Building, call 684-2663 or fax 684-4696. To reach the Business Office at 2022 Campus Drive call 684-3811. To reach the Advertising Office at 2022 Campus Drive call 684-3811. One copy per person; additional copies may be purchased for .25 at The Chronicle Business office at the address above. @ 2015 Duke Student Publishing Company
hat do you do with a B.A. in English? What is my life going to be? sings Princeton, a puppet endowed with human-like characteristics and a desire to discover his purpose in life, at the beginning of the musical Avenue Q. I’m two semesters away from a B.S. in Economics, but my sentiments regarding my education and future are nonetheless identical to those of my fictional counterpart. As a first-year student who could barely navigate from Gross Hall to Bridges House, let alone confidently say “I’m going to major in…” to classmates, I always looked to my senior friends for inspiration. There was the guy admitted to medical school, the girl with an
freshman who seemed so put-together changed jobs for one reason or another. In short, I’ve been deluding myself by thinking a few years of a liberal arts education would somehow magically illuminate the path to professional fulfillment. It won’t, and it shouldn’t. What does any of this have to do with college, though? In my opinion, everything. All too often, we look to the people who claim to know exactly what their college major, graduate school program and eventual career will be and berate ourselves for not being more like them, laser-focused on a well-defined goal. In reality, however, even the most confidently made plans change or disappear completely. That’s
Tom Vosburgh THE STRUGGLE offer from a boutique investment bank, the guy who was going to teach middle school social studies and many, many more. Each of them told me their postgraduate plans with such conviction that it seemed the paths before them had been inevitable, the result of four years of hard work and careful strategizing. Even then, before I had taken a single course in the subject that would become my major, I aspired to be like them: utterly sure of where life would take me next. Even during my sophomore year as I considered countless combinations of majors, minors and certificates, I reassured myself that not knowing my life’s purpose was totally okay; it would reveal itself to me by the time I started looking for a job. Boy was I wrong. Now, with my final year of college right around the corner – I will not admit to actually being a senior until my last first day of classes begins – I can’t say I’ve had any eureka moments. Some of the job titles that appear on Duke CareerConnections appear interesting, but none truly thrill me. I’m not unduly afraid of the so-called real world, with its 50-hour workweeks, suburban office parks and 11 p.m. bedtimes, but I do envy the confidence my older friends had in their career decisions. Perhaps I just saw in them what I wanted to see, though. After all, according to Forbes, the average worker spends only four and a half years at any given job, a number that is even lower for recent graduates. I’ve witnessed people turn jobs that were supposed to sustain them for a gap year before medical school into fully-fledged careers and people dead-set on never reading another textbook in their lives deciding to obtain graduate degrees. Some got sick of 100hour weeks trapped in front of Excel spreadsheets, and others grew tired of cold calling small business owners. Even some of the seniors I once admired as a
okay, as is not knowing what we will be doing in five months, let alone five years. To spend undue amounts of time worrying about not having an incredibly specific plan or, even worse, setting goals that hold no personal significance, is to horribly misuse our time here at Duke. Thus, I encourage upperclassmen, myself included, to take a step back from the corporate recruiting and graduate school admissions processes beginning soon and remember that our first job or professional degree does not define our career trajectories forever; medical students become journalists, corporate lawyers become history teachers and sometimes even investment bankers become consultants. Too often I feel like some far-off human resources officer is searching for the perfect candidate for the perfect job. That candidate is me, I convince myself, and by agonizing over my post-graduation plans just a little bit more I’ll be able to find and secure that dream job. In reality, however, there are only good, maybe even great, jobs, and I’m hoping to at least be offered one of those. Similarly, my advice to underclassmen is to explore Duke’s many wonderful offerings inside and out of the classroom and not feel obligated to keep up with the Joneses by constructing an elaborate four-year plan consisting of two majors, a minor and a set of perfectly complementary extracurricular activities. Your interests will change between now and graduation, so be willing and able to revise your academic and personal goals accordingly. Your future is not set in stone based on the blueprint you draft during your first few months here, or even your entire time in the Gothic Wonderland. To think it is would be to deprive yourself of four fantastic years of discovery and learning. Tom Vosburgh is a Trinity senior.
The Strong Female Character
have a bone to pick with the “feminists” of the world regarding the subject of the Strong Female Character. I have been growing increasingly frustrated at the portrayal of the Strong Female Character for a while now, but this frustration bubbled over after reading some of the “feminist” criticism thrown at Joss Whedon in response to the new Avengers: Age of Ultron film. In the film, Natasha Romanov (the ex-assassin superhero Black Widow, the only woman on the Avengers) is in love with Bruce Banner (the Incredible Hulk) and pursues this romance in the face of Banner’s reluctance. Furthermore, themes around Natasha’s past are explored, including her sorrow at not being able to have children. Let me get some of the basic disclaimers out of the way.
aside to get the job done. However, she cannot also pathetically moon after a man she adores; she cannot be a real person who is affected by the horrors that made her sterile, she cannot think of herself as a monster because the mafia turned her into a weapon. I am sick and tired of the Strong Female Character trope, and the insistence that a woman cannot also need a man, be hurt, fall in love, have trust issues or be rescued by the hero. Real people change all the time; real people don’t always win; real people have to depend on the others in their life, including the men. Real women have agency. If portraying women as meek, submissive housewives was wrong, portraying them as completely invulnerable ninja heroines is no better. Can we please take a break from writing “Strong” women and
FRIDAY, AUGUST 21, 2015 | 19
Move-in and materialism
n little less than a week, we will find ourselves moving back into our dorm rooms, apartments and off campus houses, ready to begin another Duke semester. Inevitably, we’ll venture off into a materialistic spending frenzy that leaves us overstocked and well-prepared for the new school year. But let’s not forget what our campus looked like just four months ago. With the last gust of finals panic still lingering in the hallways, we hurriedly packed up our collegiate belongings in a desperate rush to get to our next destination. The scene was a disaster — trash littered throughout the hallway, garbage bins overflowing, an assortment of discarded items scattered out-
SHE, HER, HERS
My ire is not directed at those who feel the pairing isn’t right or lacks chemistry (which is frankly a personal and subjective opinion). Neither is it aimed at those who have ranted, quite rightfully, at Marvel’s unfair treatment of female heroes (the lack of Black Widow merchandising or a standalone Black Widow film, for example). My anger is directed toward the “feminist” critics who blogged, tweeted, raged and shed online tears over how Whedon managed to “reduce” Natasha to a female clichéd trope; that he took her from competent ninja superhero, a Strong Female CharacterTM, to a woman who is in love with a man (how dare she!), needs his reciprocated affection (oh, the blasphemy!) and feels incomplete because she can’t have children (how unnatural!). Our efforts at raising and building a Strong Female Character stem from years of being subjected to damsels in distress, meek housewife tropes and beautiful women playing the foil to the protagonist. These experiences, however, have forced us into a corner of writing Strong Female Characters who –karatechop supervillains but do little else. The result is that we have simply replaced “Waiting in an ivory tower to be rescued” with “Knows Kung Fu and is not afraid to use it” and “Very photogenic while wearing black leather and shooting at aliens”. We have picked up a bunch of characteristics associated with the word “Strong” (historically, with masculine connotations), slapped them on to a beautiful woman and labelled her, Exhibit A, Strong Female Character. The problem with this approach is the lack of agency. Why does Natasha do what she does? Why does Katniss Everdeen fight? Black Widow can take down twelve goons with a pen knife and some rope (as she did in Iron Man 2); she can climb on alien flighter jets and close interdimensional wormholes (as she did in the Avengers); she can be strong and trained in martial arts; she can be cold and professional; she can set emotions
instead write real women? Real women who can run a business or a company, direct board rooms, win Olympic medals, volunteer for the Red Cross, serve in the military, but who also get their hearts broken, depend on the support of their husbands, boyfriends or partners, have trust issues, struggle to balance raising children and growing a career, worry about money, and yes, pathetically moon after the objects of their crush. When faux-feminists reject female characters that need a man or depend on a relationship, they are essentially saying that these qualities are not “Strong”. That wanting to have children or be a mother is not “Strong.” That any trace of vulnerability, defeat or sensitivity is undesirable. I refuse to accept this ideology as “feminist”, because it perpetuates the notion that only some characteristics (and usually, these are characteristics historically attributed to the masculine) as being Strong. There is nothing weak about falling in love, about learning to trust someone, about facing the occasional defeat and disappointment. Hermione Granger isn’t any lesser for needing Ron or for crying over his departure in Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows. Be it Bella Swan of Twilight who desperately needed her boyfriend, but had enough agency to stand up to him when it came to the birth of her unborn child or Katniss Everdeen, who is straight out of the Strong Female Character textbook; it is wrong to pit one as undesirable and the other as desirable. I hear criticisms of poorly fleshed-out heroines like Anastasia Steele from Fifty Shades of Grey all the time, pointing at her lack of agency outside that of the male protagonist. I don’t see how that is any different from locking female characters like Natasha into “Strong” roles with no narrative contribution. If Ana Steele is bad for the feminist cause, so is an invulnerable Natasha Romanov. Nandhini Narayanan is a student in the Master’s of Engineering Management program.
side. Towers of boxes lined the hallways, holding the material goods of what students had bought, brought and accumulated over the past eight months. In the end, the sifting, sorting, folding, packing, sealing, taping, boxing, lifting and moving became too much work. In the last leg of the move-out marathon, due to haste and frustration, we threw out whatever was left over. Everything from minifridges to sombreros, all objects we will buy again this year, were not spared the mercy of the dumpster. Unused notebooks were tossed in trash bins. Some of the “trash” found its way to the Goodwill donation boxes set up in common rooms but much of it ended up in landfills. As stated by one student, “If I can buy it again next year, I’m throwing it out now.” These actions directly contradicted the messages of reducing, reusing and recycling plastered on every imaginable surface around campus. Somehow, in the wild and messy process of moving out, all plans for a green campus were literally thrown out, and our school became one massive dumping ground. We forgot that our purchases directly affect our planet. Our collecting and discarding of “stuff” is a distasteful pattern of natural resource usage. Duke students have pride in our university’s eco-friendly programs and plans, but we blatantly ignore our environmental values when convenient. The majority of this waste creation can be prevented quite simply. Don’t buy things you know you won’t use. Don’t purchase things you know you will soon label as trash. So please, while going back-to-Duke shopping, keep in mind what and how much you actually need. Make sure your shopping habits are in line with your environmental values. It might be tempting to get that second mattress pad, but remember that our purchasing behaviors have a direct impact on our Earth’s resources. Sunny Zhang is a Trinity junior.
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20 | FRIDAY, AUGUST 21, 2015
D UKE PER FO R MAN C ES
2 015 / 20 1 6 S E A S O N | M U S I C , T H E AT E R , D A N C E & M O R E .
I N D U R H A M , AT D U K E , A R T M A D E B O L D LY.
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