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See Inside Marvin Bagley III goes quiet in second half Page 12





Blue Devils suffer first loss of season at Boston College By Michael Model Assistant Blue Zone Editor


CHESTNUT HILL, Mass.—Being down by 10 points in the second half can be a scary situation for many teams. Add in the fact that the Blue Devils start four freshmen playing in a hostile road environment in their first career conference game, and that situation can seem even more daunting. No. 1 Duke had handled that pressure before and rallied to take the lead, but for the first time this season, it was unable to seal the deal. The Blue Devils fought back from another double-digit second-half deficit to take a four-point advantage in the final three minutes, but Jerome Robinson knocked down back-toback triples to regain the advantage and help Boston College stun the top-ranked team in the nation 89-84 at Conte Forum. Duke trailed by two points with less than 30 seconds remaining when Trevon Duval was whistled for a flagrant 1 foul, giving the Eagles two shots and the ball back to seal the Blue Devils’ first defeat. “We’ve been saying that all year, you can lose to anybody,” senior captain Grayson Allen said. “If they didn’t believe it before, now they have to believe it. It doesn’t matter the name—don’t look at the name, and don’t look at what Boston College has done the last few years in the conference. They can come in here and kill us.” Gary Trent Jr.’s clutch play in the final minutes brought the Blue Devils back into the game, as he made a pair of free throws with 4:13 remaining to give the Duke the lead and nailed a 3-pointer on the ensuing possession to put

By Likhitha Butchireddygari Editor-in-Chief

Ann Marie Fred was 10 years old when her father brought home a used Commodore 64 computer—a vestige of the 80s—from work. Fred, the girl who stayed after school to play Oregon Trail on the Apple computers, jumped at the chance to take advantage of her family’s new computer. In addition to the Commodore 64, Fred’s father brought home a monthly computer programming magazine with simple programs that played songs or changed the colors of pixels on the screen. Fred said her first experience with programming was copying the programs from the magazine and modifying them to see what would happen. This was the first foray into tech for Fred, who now works for IBM. “I never took a real programming or computer science class before I got to Duke, but I loved computers from the beginning,” said Fred, who graduated from Duke with a B.S. in computer science in 1999. Fred’s story is not unfamiliar to many of the women in computer science The Chronicle spoke with. For them, exposure to computers and programming prior to college was key to staying in the field and could help explain computer science’s female recruitment problem. Susan Rodger, director of undergraduate studies for computer science, wrote in an email that the department is aware of the low numbers of women in computing. However, they have made several changes over the past few years to mitigate the problem. Rodger, who is also professor of the practice of computer science, wrote that the department has tried to attract women to introductory courses such as CompSci 101. “In 2010, we changed the programming language we use in that course from Java to Python, as we saw Python to be easier to learn for beginners,” she wrote. “It is more ‘English-like’ and more forgiving with errors. But more importantly we have tried to make CompSci 101 appealing to a broader group of students by focusing our problem solving with a wide range of problems.” By one metric, the department has been successful. According to data obtained by The Chronicle, this

You can lose to anybody. If they didn’t believe it before, now they have to believe it. It doesn’t matter the name. GRAYSON ALLEN SENIOR CAPTAIN

the Blue Devils up 79-75. Trent led five Duke players in double figures with a career-high 25 points, but it was not enough to earn the victory. “It sucks. Nobody wants to lose,” freshman Marvin Bagley III said. “Everybody on this team is very competitive and losing is not what we want to do, and to go out there and experience that today, that should help us. We’re going to come back harder. Nobody in here likes that feeling of taking the ‘L,’ so when we come back next game we’re going to literally have to fight.” The Blue Devils (11-1, 0-1 in the ACC) charged out to an 18-12 lead, led by 10 early points from freshmen Wendell Carter Jr. and Marvin Bagley III, but the Blue Devils were unable to contain Jordan Chatman and Ky Bowman from the outside in the first half. The duo

Jeremy Chen | Graphics Editor

See WOMEN on Page 9

See M. BASKETBALL on Page 13

Late music professor is remembered for her kindness Jane Hawkins, professor of the practice and former department of music, died Nov. 27 at the age of 67.

How to save food points chair




Students with excess food points explain how save so much until the last week of the semester.

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Ran out of food points? Students explain strategies to use, save up food points By Nathan Liang Contributing Reporter

Some students finish the semester with an overabundance of food points, others run out early. How do they strike the balance of maintaining their food points this late in the semester? Some students improvise different methods to maintain healthy eating schedules and balance their food point allotment. Whereas sophomores, juniors and seniors have no dining swipes to rely on, several first-years and their older counterparts described plotting out the trajectory of their food point consumption by dividing points by daily allotment. Sophomore Zach Bernstein explained the philosophy that has left him with about $1,200 food points at the beginning of December from more than $2,800 from the start. “Having a restriction on the amount I can eat versus at home, sort of made me more conscious—maybe very conscious—of what I was eating, in terms of quantity. So I set


Professor Hawkins remembered for her kindness, honesty

a very hard limit on myself,” he said. Regarding approaches for conserving points, Bernstein mentioned that several students turn to FLUNCH with professors as a way to get a good meal. He also joked that it is a “tradition” for some people to go back to Marketplace during those holidays and find a first-year friend who will guest swipe them. First-year Clayton Shafer described a forward-looking motivation for conserving food points. He noted that he had a balance of $317 food points at the end of November because he was “saving up for tenting next semester.” On the other hand, most first-year students, who start the semester with either $456 or $527 food points, have a different strategy—focusing on dining swipes at Marketplace, rather than food points late in the semester. Because of Marketplace’s buffet-style setup, many students can maintain a two-meal diet of breakfast and dinner only.

By Anthony Cardellini Staff Reporter

Jane Hawkins, professor of the practice in the department of music, is remembered by colleagues and students for her kindness and poise in performance. Hawkins died Nov. 27 at the age of 67. Hawkins, who had been a member of the piano faculty since 1978, was the chair of the department of music from 2010 to 2014 and also served two terms as director of performance. She frequently appeared alongside the Ciompi Quartet, the resident string quartet at Duke, and her husband Fred Raimi, cellist of the Ciompi Quartet and professor of the practice of music. “She was a wonderful colleague,” said Stephen Jaffe, Mary D.B.T. and James H. Semans professor of music composition and interim chair of the music department. “She had a real good humor about her in all stages of her work.” Jaffe said that she played with a special kind of poetry and poise, especially in chamber music literature. Hawkins—who was born in Swansea City, South Wales— also had a broad view of what music could be as department chair, as she was the first woman to hold the position in several decades, he said. He reminisced about the first time he met Hawkins when he was trying to decide if he wanted to become a faculty member at Duke. “She had a very young family, and lived on Green Street with her husband Fred, and it was just chaotic with two kids under five years old, but always fun,” he said. Jaffe also added that Hawkins was influential in helping the University understand the importance of its musical performers. “It took Duke a very long time to be able to recognize the unique role that performers play in an academic institution,” he said. “Particularly in the ‘80s, Duke was interested in outrageous ambitions, and they came to understand that performers played a role in that understanding of what a liberal arts education could be. And Jane was part and parcel of that.” Jon Aisenberg, Trinity ’17, who took piano lessons from Hawkins for three years and majored in music, said he knew about her even before he began his lessons.

See FOOD POINTS on Page 8

Sujal Manohar | Recess Photography Editor Duke Dining noted that due to new vendors in venues such as the Brodhead Center, students generally used all food points.

See HAWKINS on Page 8 T H E I N D E P E N D E N T D A I LY AT D U K E U N I V E R S I T Y

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Professor discusses latest North Carolina redistricting plan By Ben Leonard Staff Reporter

In a state in which both sides claim the other has threatened the institution of democracy with gerrymandering, a Duke professor suggests that there’s a better way out. A federal court-appointed Stanford professor submitted “improved” election map proposals Dec. 1 to fix unconstitutional racial gerrymandering in North Carolina, drawing ire from Republican state legislators. John Aldrich, Pfizer-Pratt University professor of political science, explained that switching to bipartisan or nonpartisan election commissions to draw the maps is necessary to maintain public trust. “The biggest thing is that [gerrymandering] makes people more distrusting of politicians, and it drives them away from the process, so it’s harmful,” he said. “It seems so evidently narrowly self-interested and disgusting.” The United States Supreme Court ruled in June that 28 state legislative districts were racially gerrymandered, in violation of the United States Constitution. The state legislature approved new district lines in August, which were criticized by Duke professors and subsequently rejected by federal judges. Nathaniel Persily, James B. McClatchy professor of law at Stanford University, was appointed by U.S. District Judges Catherine Eagles and Thomas Schroeder, as well as Circuit Judge James Wynn, to redraw a number of districts in October. But the new plan has received criticism from Republicans, including Representative David Lewis and Senator Ralph Hise—chairmen of the redistricting committees—who ripped it as a partisan power grab.

“By making many changes Democrats demanded, Mr. Persily has confirmed our worst suspicions: this entire ‘judicial process’ is little more than a thinly-veiled political operation where unelected judges, legislating from the bench, strip North Carolinians of their constitutional right to self-governance by appointing a left-wing California professor to draw districts handing Democrats control of legislative seats they couldn’t win at the ballot box,” Lewis and Hise wrote in a joint statement. In their statement, Lewis and Hise cited a News and Observer opinion column which found that the new maps “made it easier for Democrats to defeat Republican incumbents”

Republicans are in charge.” In response to this, Aldrich advocated for a nonpartisan or bipartisan electoral commission to draw the lines, and then allowing the legislature a chance to vote up or down on proposed plans. “Democrats could choose to do this, because they are in charge of it,” Aldrich said. “This is done in a lot of states and is oftentimes when there is split control. They always find some way to find some bipartisan consensus and split control.” Thirteen states, ranging from California to Montana to New Jersey, have implemented either a nonpartisan or bipartisan election commission in order to work on redistricting. “There’s lot of experience trying out various ways of formulating these commissions,” Aldrich said. “No set of people can simply design the perfect plan, but they can be less egregious than the ones that are currently adopted by most legislatures that are controlled by a single party.” The debate in North Carolina could also be influenced by the Supreme Court’s recent decision to hear a case on redistricting and First Amendment rights in Maryland. The seven Republican voters who brought fourth the case have argued that the state’s 2011 redistricting plan was in retaliation to Republican voters in the 6th Congressional District—a potential violation of free speech and conduct. In an interview with The Chronicle, Durham’s new mayor Steve Schewel agreed with Aldrich that the plan Persily proposed was an improvement. He further slammed Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons the gerrymandering that gave Republicans

in six races. Specifically, it would give Democrats an edge in four House votes in Mecklenburg and Wake Counties and in two Senate elections in Cumberland and Guilford counties, according to the column. Aldrich said that Persily’s plan was a step in the right direction, noting that partisan plans are generally biased. “Whenever politicians are in charge of how they’re going to get themselves elected, it’s always partisan and self-interested,” Aldrich said. “It’s just a clean measure of how much difference it makes to be in charge of the of drawing the lines as compared to not. And the

The above map was ruled unconstitutional by the United States Supreme Court in June, ultimately prompting federal judges to appoint an outside professor to propose redrawn district lines.





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Duke University Stores Student & Employee Holiday Sale


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Thank You and Best Wishes for the Holidays! *20% maximum discount allowed. Discount cannot be combined with any other discounts or promotions. Discount is valid on in-stock merchandise only. Discount does not include: Academic Apparel, School Supplies, Greeting Cards, Food, Beverages,Candy, Health & Beauty Aids, Custom Orders, Electronics, Cameron and National Championship Floor Pieces, Class Rings, Alumni Chairs, Blazers & Sportcoats, Scrubs & Lab Coats, Professional Wear, Medical Equipment, Cameras, Film, Batteries, Textbooks, Computers, Computer/Printer Supplies, and accessories. All Duke Technology Center products are excluded from this sale. Divinity Bookshop: 20% off all regular price Divinity School clothing & gift items. East Campus Store: 20% off clothing & gift items. (Discount not valid on food, beverages, candy, health & beauty aids.)

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End of Semester Survival Guide brought to you by Duke University Libraries

STUDY, STUDY, STUDY! Quiet spaces (snacks permitted): Nicholas Reading Room (Bostock 2) or the fourth floor of Perkins or Bostock. Food-free places to concentrate: Thomas Room in Lilly Library, Carpenter Reading Room in Bostock Library, Gothic Reading Room in Rubenstein Library. Make any space in the library quieter—ask for a free pair of ear plugs or earbuds at the Perkins, Lilly or Music Service Desks.


Exclusively during finals! Rubenstein 350, Perkins 318, and Bostock 225 are open for students on a first-come, first-accommodated basis from 5 p.m. to 8 a.m. from Fri, Dec 8 through Mon, Dec 18. Reserve group study rooms for 3 hours at a time at Need to reserve another room during finals? Contact emily.daly@ for more info.


Subject specialists can help you get started—check out research/guides, or schedule a one-on-one consultation. First-year students: Your Residence Hall Librarian is available to help. Chat with a librarian from 9 a.m. until midnight during the week (and on weekend afternoons, too!). Need help citing sources? Check out html. Schedule an appointment with a tutor at the Writing Studio (locations in Perkins and Lilly). In a hurry? Renew books online! When you’re finished, return books to any of Duke’s libraries, and take advantage of the book-drops outside Perkins & Bostock. Returning CDs and DVDs? Return CDs and DVDs you check out at Lilly or Music to any campus library service desk!

Extended Library Hours

Lilly, Perkins & Bostock are open 24/7 from Saturday, December 9 through Monday, December 18 at 6 p.m.



Stop by the Lilly or Music Service Desk or the Link Help Desk to check out a phone or laptop charger, and pick up an external DVD drive at Lilly. Check out dry erase markers at the Lilly, Music, or Perkins Service Desk.


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Mon, Dec 11: Enjoy snacks at Lilly Library at 8 p.m. Tues, Dec 12-Mon, Dec 18: De-stress with games, puzzles, crafts, and snacks in the Relaxation Room in Lilly Library Wed, Dec 13: Puppies in Perkins from 1-3 p.m. in Perkins 217 Anytime! Take a breather in the Prayer & Meditation Room (Perkins 220) or in the newly opened OASIS Perkins (Perkins 418)



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HAWKINS FROM PAGE 2 “What I remember from before [my lessons] is that her door was always open, like physically,” he said. “You would walk by her office all the time in [the Mary Duke Biddle Music Building] and just sort of notice she was there.” Aisenberg said any intimidation that might come because of her reputation faded quickly upon meeting her. “Once you began talking to her, it became clear how honest she was and how open she was,” he said. Aisenberg also noted that in taking lessons with her, she became a sort of therapist for him. He explained how he often alternated between playing pieces and talking to her about whatever was on his mind. Hawkins also had a gift for making others feel important, he added. “She was very good at making me feel like my emotions mattered, whether it was in music or in life,” he said. “She did the digging herself. She was almost intrusive at a certain point.

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She really wanted to know how her students were doing.” Aisenberg said one of his most rewarding experiences with Hawkins was when she drove him to Chapel Hill so that he could turn pages for her at a concert. He also said that she influenced him in his decision to major in music.

I think that she knew me in ways that a lot of people didn’t just through music. SHAUNA BIERLY


“At the time I started taking lessons with her I wasn’t sure I wanted to go into music at all,” he said. “I talked to her about that a lot and she was one of the steadfast forces who convinced me to work in the arts.” Senior Shauna Bierly, who took piano lessons with Hawkins for three years, said Hawkins treated her students like family.

“I’ve been to her house a few times,” Bierly said. “She would have her students over to her house and order all this food.” Bierly agreed that Hawkins made her students feel comfortable and that she had a “really funny British humor.” She said she’ll remember Hawkins’ passion for music and performing. “Her love for music always sticks in my mind,” she said. “I’ve had instructors in the past that were really focused on technique. But her thing was having that emotional connection to what you’re playing, and having heart when you play.” Bierly said that she shared a bond through music with Hawkins, especially because the two often played duets. “I think the thing that really sticks with me is that bond through music you can have with someone,” she said. “I think that she knew me in ways that a lot of people didn’t just through music.” One of Bierly’s favorite memories of Hawkins was taking a walk around East Campus with her one day “out of the blue.” “I always felt very calm and peaceful around her,” she said.

Open Courses in Public Policy Studies Enroll Now! There’s Still Space Available! Spring 2018 PUBPOL 295S.01/POLISCI 251S.01 Relations between Industrial and Developing Countries (SS) Instructor: Sarah Bermeo | Time: TuTh 11:45-1:00PM This is a survey course for students interested in learning about the major issues in international relations between industrialized and developing countries. We will move rapidly through topics such as foreign aid, trade, climate change, peacekeeping, colonial history/legacy, disease, NGOs, migration, fragile states, etc. The objective is for all students to gain a sense of the complexity of issues connecting industrialized and developing states, to understand links across issue areas, to introduce students to scholarship and policy on these issues, and to provide a chance for students to critically engage these issues. Assessment includes writing, tests, and presentations. PUBPOL 490S.01 Economics of Education (R) (SS) Instructor: Sarah Komisarow | Time: TuTh 11:45-1:00PM This course will use the tools of intermediate microeconomics and statistics to analyze contemporary issues in education. We will explore empirical work on contemporary public policy issues in education, including topics such as achievements gaps, segregation, accountability, school finance, and teacher labor markets. STAT 101 required. PUBPOL 303 or ECON 201 required. PUBPOL 490S.02 Paternalism and Moralism (SS) Instructor: Evan Charney | Time: W 6:15-8:45PM Is it permissible for the state to attempt to influence the behavior of citizens to act in ways that will make them safer, healthier, more financially secure, better informed? Is it permissible for the state to try to stop citizens from acting in ways deemed offensive, disgusting, degrading, demeaning, “commodifying,” “objectifying”? In other words, are paternalism and moralism ever justified in a free society? Topics include buying and selling sexual services, the “right” to die, the FDA and “right to try” laws, consensual harm (e.g., football and brain injuries), the obesity epidemic and soda taxes, speech deemed offensive and “hate speech” (including controversies over campus speech). PUBPOL 490S.04 Civil Rights and Liberties Instructor: Evan Charney | Time: M 6:15-8:34PM The primary purpose of US Constitutional law is to balance individuals’ rights with the powers necessary to properly govern a democratic society. In this course, we will examine how individuals’ civil rights and civil liberties limit those governmental powers. PUBPOL 490S.05 The Republican Party (SS) Instructor: Marty Morris | Time: TuTh 1:25-2:40PM In this course, students will look at the evolution of the party of Lincoln and investigate the forces that now make up the Republican Party. Students will explore where they stand, as citizens and as possible future office holders, on many of the complex issues facing the GOP today. Students will be introduced to useful tools of the political trade. They will look at policy theories that have worked in the past and might work again in the future. The class will attempt to answer the central question that many commentators have put forth- is the Republican Party becoming a permanent minority supported party, or can it rise again as the authentic, practical voice of American conservatism? PUBPOL 590.01 Immigrant, Outcast, Citizen (CCI) (SS) Instructor: Charles Clotfelter | Time: TuTh 11:45-1:00PM People can play any number of roles in society, often more than one at the same time. Three possible roles are: immigrant, outcast, and citizen. What can we learn about society and policy from viewing people who assume one of these three roles? What is their story, their condition, and their status, both legal and social? The course will use social science research and historical materials, both domestic and international, to explore this question. Policies regarding people in these roles will be studied. Readings will include empirical social science research. Assignments will include an exploration of students’ own family history and other written work. Prerequisite: statistics. PUBPOL 590S.02/POLISCI 690S.03/HIST 590S.03 Global Cold War (CCI) (EI) (CZ) (SS) Instructor: Simon Miles | Time: Tu 1:25-3:55PM This course delves into the history of one period of both profound global change and significant impact on our contemporary world: the Cold War. Weekly seminar sessions will explore the Cold War as a global phenomenon, spanning Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America, and the Middle East as we seek to understand how and why the East-West rivalry became an international conflict, and with what consequences. Readings selected for this course address a wide range of issues across time and space, but all have in common an international approach to their subject matter and a grounding in multi-lingual, international archival research. In addition to being an exploration of Cold War history, this course seeks to bring history into the conversation over contemporary policy-making. It is, therefore, an extended exercise in applied history; students should think about the topics we will discuss both historically and in their present context, and course assignments will reflect this focus.

Courtesy of Duke Photography Jane Hawkins, professor of the practice in the department of music, was 67 when she died.

REDISTRICTING FROM PAGE 3 a big advantage in the state in the 2016 elections, saying that democracy in the state was “under attack” from the GOP. “[Persily] had a fairly narrow mandate from the courts, and within that narrow mandate, he did a great job,” Schewel said. “It reduces the gerrymandering somewhat, but the effects of the gerrymandering are still going to be very powerful.”

FOOD POINTS FROM PAGE 2 First-year Rafaela de Oliveira described her usual course of action, which was also a product of her schedule being morningheavy, she said. She noted that she has a friend with whom she shares courses who also affects her eating habits. “We have a 10:05 class on Tuesday and Thursday, so we skip breakfast and go to lunch after class and eat equivalency,” she said. Other students described supplementing their food point balances with events hosted by organizations such as Devils After Dark that feature free food. Yet, in a conundrum that normally only impacts upperclassmen, the process of using up extra food points— which can be rolled over from the fall to spring semester but not from year to year—can be a challenge for students who are ahead of schedule. Bernstein noted he has seen upperclassmen attempt to sell extra food points, but said that he did not know the logistics of that proposition. Although a representative from Duke Dining did not provide explicit data on food point usage and waste, they did mention in an email that, “with all the restaurant additions to the Duke Dining program over the recent years, there are very minimal food points not spent.” The email also noted that food points which are not otherwise disposed of can also be used for philanthropic purposes or donated. “Duke Dining works with [Duke Student Government] and Duke Stores for donating unused food points for a week in April to purchase needed items for local Durham Shelters,” the representative wrote. “Students also have many options to purchase nonperishable items in bulk, as well as treat guests to meals on campus.”

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WOMEN FROM PAGE 1 semester’s CompSci 101 course is about 47 percent female. However, that success in female recruitment has not extended to female retainment—something Rodger wrote the department is currently working on. In CompSci 201, women make up about 36 percent of the class, yet that number drops to about 27 percent in CompSci 230. “Our goal is to make the department more diverse at all levels—faculty, graduate students and undergraduate students,” wrote Pankaj Agrawal, chair of the computer science department and RJR Nabisco professor of computer science. “We have made progress in this direction but much more needs to be done.” At the graduate level, female representation is even worse, but has improved over the past decade, according to data from the Duke Graduate School. The overall number of master’s students who have matriculated to Duke has increased 15-fold, but the number of female master’s students who have matriculated has only increased sixfold. For the Ph.D. program, there has been an even greater rise. In 2008, 10 percent of matriculated Ph.D. students were women. That percentage has risen to 25 percent for the 2017-2018 cohort. Another interesting data point is the acceptance rate for women in graduate programs. From 2012 to 2016, the acceptance rate for female applicants was slightly higher in the master’s program. But, for the last two cycles, it has been lower. Since 2008, the number of female applicants to the master’s program has increased sixfold. Ruth Willenborg, Trinity ‘85 and retired distinguished engineer at IBM, said that since graduating from Duke, female representation in tech has not changed much. In fact, it is a national issue. Although women represent nearly half of the workforce, only about 12 percent of engineers are female, according to

computer science without any understanding of it may find it harder to feel like they belong in the field. “One of the things that people struggle with in early classes is they feel like a lot of their peers, especially their male peers, have had exposure to computer science before,” Vohr said. “So, they feel like they’re less qualified, so they have a harder time pursuing it because they don’t think they’re going to succeed.” Kate O’Hanlon, a third-year Ph.D. student in computer science, echoed some of the other women’s comments. In explaining why she stayed with computer science, O’Hanlon noted that she studied computer science at an all-girls college, which had more of a welcoming environment. “The other main thing is the confidence thing. I don’t like to say that women are less confident, but we are socialized to be less confident,” O’Hanlon said.


Percent of female computer science master’s students in the 2017-18 cohort

Vohr noted that it was easier to avoid a discouraging environment in her classes because she could choose the people she worked with. She has benefited from the size of Duke’s undergrad computer science majors, with computer science being one of the most popular undergraduate majors at Duke. The Ph.D. program, however, tells a different story. Although dozens of students graduate with an undergraduate degree in computer science, O’Hanlon’s Ph.D. class includes slightly more than a dozen people. In the 2008-09 cohort, 44 women applied to the Ph.D. program in computer science compared to 63 for the 2017-18 cohort, according to admissions data from the Graduate School. Of those 63 women, 12 were accepted, making it the highest percentage of accepted female applicants since 2010. Of this group of women, ‘The confidence thing’ Senior Shelley Vohr, who knew she wanted five matriculated. Duke has also seen an increase in to be a software engineer before college, said her experience with programming prior to college female role models in the computer science department over the past few decades. motivated her to stay in the program. Fred added that those who come into Rodger, who has been at Duke for more than

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20 years, wrote that the number of female computer science professors has tripled during her time. During Rodger’s first three years, the department only had three women faculty. Today, that number is up to a grand total of 10, three of whom are secondary appointments. A male-dominated culture O’Hanlon noted that the computer science department does a good job providing support for women, but not singling them out. She said that for the most part, she has not noticed being the one of very few women in her classes. But, there was one class in which she did notice the gender divide, as she was the only female and computer science student amongst male electrical and computer engineering students. The class had an odd number of people and the professor kept splitting the group into pairs. “I did end up withdrawing from the class because as the only female and the only CS person and keeping being forced to break into these pre-existing groups was just too hard,” O’Hanlon said. O’Hanlon has also noticed differences in how men and women communicate. She said that there have been times when she was frustrated by the directness and competitiveness of her male peers. But, she attributed some of the frustration to her familiarity with an all-girls environment at her undergraduate university. “That has been a little bit of struggle for me—just working in groups where I am the only woman there and the men are all communicating in a very direct, almost rude way compared to what I’m used to,” she said. As a graduate teaching assistant, she noted how sometimes female undergraduates are more “polite” when asking for help than men, but that men are vocal in situations like office hours. In the industry, Fred, who said she was not speaking on behalf of IBM, noted that insensitive statements have been directed at her. For example, people have suggested that because she is a woman, she is infallible and would not be fired. She said she has gotten good at calling out those who have made such remarks. Though many of the women The Chronicle spoke with described hearing insensitive remarks and unpleasant cultures, none of

MONDAY, DECEMBER 11, 2017 | 9

them reported instances of harassment in their experience, but they do believe harassment is an issue for the industry. Engaging men Over the summer, multiple women in Silicon Valley spoke out against a “culture of harassment.” One notable instance involved former men’s basketball player Justin Caldbeck, Trinity ‘99 and a venture capitalist. In June, The Information reported that half a dozen women said they faced unwanted advances from Caldbeck, who has since been ousted from his company. Caldbeck recently visited Duke to talk about “bro culture.” “I think this underscores how important it is to teach all of your managers and [human resources] how to stop harassment and retaliation,” Fred, who has not had issues with HR at her company, said. Vohr, who works for GitHub, said that she believed the culture of a company is very much influenced from the top. “If you have leadership at a company that’s really focused on not letting that culture get out of hand, then I think that trickles down,” she said. “You notice it a lot at smaller companies that may be lacking HR, may be lacking other important functions.” Despite these potential roadblocks, many women are still motivated to be successful in the industry. Vohr said that one mindset some people take is to ignore equity issues and focus on themselves, but that does not work for her. “Personally, [comments] do tend to roll off me, but that doesn’t mean they roll off of other people,” Vohr said. “It’s easy to be like ‘This doesn’t affect me,’ so I can stick my head in the sand and not worry about it. But, that doesn’t really help anyone.” Willenborg also suggested that more of an effort needs to be made to involve women in the nontechnical aspects of the industry. This would include designing the interface or interacting with clients. All the women interviewed agreed that involving men in conversations about female representation was part of the solution. Fred noted that doing so starts with building trust with male peers. “The best conversations I’ve had around this have been with men I’ve been working with for a while, usually in a pretty informal setting, like over lunch or at a party at somebody’s house,” she said. “Then, they’re more willing to open up about it.”

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MONDAY, DECEMBER 11, 2017 | 11

december 11, 2017


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12 | MONDAY, DECEMBER 11, 2017


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Marvin Bagley III goes silent in the second half as Boston College outrebounds Blue Devils in upset By Ben Leonard Blue Zone Editor

CHESTNUT HILL, Mass.—For the first 12 minutes Saturday, Marvin Bagley III was untouchable. Against an undersized, seemingly overwhelmed Boston College team that had just lost its top big man for the season, he owned the paint. His towering presence declawed the Eagles’ defense, scoring 10 points in that span as Duke scored 22 of its first 24 points in the paint. It seemed just a matter of time until the Eagles’ torrid shooting would cool off and the top-ranked Blue Devils would take over. But just as quickly as he burst out, the 6-foot-11 Bagley seemed to vanish from the court. Duke’s leading scorer and the owner of 10 double-doubles this season took just four shots in the second half, three of them from beyond the arc. The result: a Boston College team that was among the worst in the country in rebounding margin won the battle on the glass. The dysfunction came to a head when, with Duke up by four points with less than three minutes left, the Eagles went to a zone. Trevon Duval, a 16.7 percent 3-point shooter, took a three—and clanked it. Bagley was the only Blue Devil who did not touch the ball on the key possession. “You have to produce in that moment and we didn’t,” Blue Devil head coach Mike Krzyzewski said. “It’s not that we had horrible shots, it’s that we didn’t necessarily get the ball to the right

Juan Bermudez | Sports Photography Editor

Marvin Bagley III attempted just one 2-pointer in the second half and scored five points in the last 28 minutes of the game. people. We have to learn from it.” With fewer feeds inside, Bagley didn’t make a 2-pointer and scored just five points in the final 28 minutes of the game. When he did get the ball, he also turned it over a team-high four times. When Duke was clinging to a one-point lead with 2:26 left, Steffon Mitchell swiped Bagley’s pass in the middle of a critical three-minute scoring drought for the Blue Devils. Just more than a minute later, Jerome

Robinson nailed a 3-pointer, and the Eagles stole the game. “We kind of rushed everything, instead of keeping our lead that we had,” Bagley said. “I made dumb decisions toward the end. It is what it is. We’re going to learn from it and just try and get better.” Although the hosts lost the turnover battle overall, Boston College’s athletic guards kept their team in the game by crashing the glass.

Ky Bowman had 10 boards in addition to his 30 points, and Jordan Chatman pitched in six to add to his 22 points. It wasn’t the Eagles’ bigs that carried them to win the rebounding battle, 35-34—Mitchell and Nik Popovic combined for just 11 boards. The Eagles, who entered Saturday ranked a putrid No. 265 in the country in 3-point percentage, gained the edge on the boards via their lights-out long range shooting, Krzyzewski said. “It will knock you back when every shot they’re taking is going in. It hurt us on our defensive rebounding a few times because when they missed, they got the ball,” Krzyzewski said. They had at least four, maybe five threes from offensive rebounding. Those are the ones that you want to eliminate. They chased down balls well.” Despite having a weak interior presence against Duke’s bigs on offense, Boston College finished the day 15-of-26 from deep. It was yet another lackluster defensive outing from a Blue Devil team that yielded 81 points to Portland State and 80 to South Dakota. Krzyzewski didn’t exactly mince words when asked to evaluate his defense that let maroon-clad students storm the court at Conte Forum. “We’re not a good defensive team,” Krzyzewski said. “But we haven’t practiced either. All we’ve done is play 12 games. We’re young. We’re talented. We’re not as deep. We’re big. That’s a different dynamic on how you See BAGLEY on Page 13


Brown matches Winthrop’s offense in Duke rout By Dani Schneider Staff Reporter

The Blue Devils took the court to welcome Winthrop to Cameron Indoor Stadium Sunday afternoon, but there seemed to be something different as they made their way out of the locker room. Graduate student Rebecca Greenwell, half of the iconic “Splash Sister” duo, was not dressed out and did not play in Sunday’s matchup due to knee pain. With Greenwell’s chance at history delayed for another game—she is only two made 3-pointers away from Duke’s career record of 252—the Blue Devils nearly set a different record. The 14thWINTH 30 ranked Blue Devils DUKE 101 had a chance at their school record for the fewest points they have ever allowed in a game until the Eagles surpassed 24 in the final three minutes, and Duke wound up taking the victory 101-30. “We just set goals. We knew what kind of game we were coming into,” graduate student Lexie Brown said. “By no means did we think it was going to be a walk in the park. But we’ve got to set personal goals and make this game about us getting better.” The Blue Devils made their presence known when they came out in full force in the first quarter, shutting out the Eagles for the first five minutes. Haley Gorecki, replacing Greenwell

in the starting lineup, scored six of Duke’s first eight points with back-to-back triples. Six-foot-3 center Bego Faz Davalos started for the second time this season in place of freshman point guard Mikayla Boykin, helping the Blue Devils get nearly twice as many rebounds as the undersized Eagles. Brown, coming off of a near triple-double in the Blue Devils’ last game against UNC Greensboro, scored 30 points to match the Eagles’ total by herself. Brown also totaled six assists, four rebounds and six steals. Duke (7-2) ended the first half with a 52-12 lead, but it wasn’t all in the hands of the starters. The Blue Devils went to their bench early and often, with many reserves contributing to Duke’s tremendous lead throughout the game. Of the five players that came off the bench, four of them were freshmen. Jade Williams and Boykin combined for 13 rebounds, while Jayda Adams and Madison Treece combined to score 10 points. Boykin exited the game with 1:24 left in the third quarter and sat out the rest of the way, but McCallie said she was fine after the game. Junior Faith Suggs also came off the bench with eight points, and all 10 Blue Devils to see the court made at least one bucket. “It’s fun to see them out there playing together and getting experience,” Duke head coach Joanne P. McCallie said. Nothing changed for the Blue Devils as the second half began. Brown drained yet

another three on the first possession of the half, followed by a steal from sophomore Leaonna Odom and another 3-pointer by Haley Gorecki. A redshirt sophomore, Gorecki finished with a career-high 20 points on 7-of-11 shooting from the field. The Blue Devils again held the Eagles (1-8) scoreless to start the half until 2:27 remained in the third quarter. “No game is easy unless you make it that way,” McCallie said. “It’s what we create and it’s

what we’re responsible for on the court.” The Blue Devils will return to Cameron Dec. 19 after breaking for exams to face Maine, where McCallie coached from 1992-2000. “My former point guard, [Amy Vachon], coaches at Maine. She was the point guard that led Maine to defeat Stanford in the NCAA Tournament,” McCallie said. “She was a very savvy point guard, and I have a lot of fond memories with Amy. That was a very special moment we shared many, many moons ago.”

Charles York | Staff Photographer

With graduate student Rebecca Greenwell sitting out due to knee pain, Lexie Brown picked up the slack and scored 30 points.

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the whole game,” Duke head coach Mike Krzyzewski said. “Our kids got knocked back with all the shots they were making. And in the second half, we came back. Had a one-point lead and a four-point lead with three minutes. We have to score on that [next] possession.” Despite Duke’s size and talent advantage in the paint with Boston College’s leading rebounder Deontae Hawkins out for the season, the Eagles somehow outrebounded the Blue Devils 35-34. The 6-foot-1 Bowman led the way and nearly had a triple-double with 30 points, 10 boards and nine assists. After Boston College (7-3, 1-0) stretched its lead to 10, Bagley pulled up from three

M. BASKETBALL FROM PAGE 1 combined to convert on seven of their 12 attempts from downtown before the break, and Boston College shot 11-of-16 from deep in the first 20 minutes to take a 48-41 halftime lead. Although the Blue Devils used their height advantage to dominate in the interior—outscoring the Eagles 46-24 in the paint, the Eagles’ guards had a field day despite entering the game ranked 265th in the nation with a 3-point conversion rate of less than 32 percent. “They really executed extremely well

MONDAY, DECEMBER 11, 2017 | 13

with a little more than 15 minutes left to start the comeback. The Phoenix native extended his double-double streak to seven straight games and finished with 15 points and 12 rebounds. Duke took advantage of the early second-half fouls— getting in the bonus before the first media timeout—and converted 10-of-11 from the line in the second half to keep the game within reach. Following a steal by sophomore Marques Bolden, Allen took the ball down the court and drained a triple to cut the Boston College lead to just four with 14:54 to play. “We can still win the game,” Bagley said of Duke’s proven ability to fight back from second-half deficits. “That’s what we Juan Bermudez | Sports Photography Editor always think, and the game’s never over Despite Bagley’s 12 rebounds, the Eagles until it says zero on the clock.... We got the outrebounded Duke 35-34. lead back, and down the stretch we made silly decisions, crazy turnovers and made mistakes. We’ll learn from it, though. FROM PAGE 12 We’ve got to get better.” Allen struggled mightily from the field, have to play defense. We’ve got to get better. finishing the game 5-of-20, and the Blue But if we won, I would tell you we would Devils as a whole failed to convert from have to be better.” the perimeter efficiently, shooting just The Blue Devils will have a long finals 8-of-30 from 3-point range. break to look back at the loss—they are out Despite his team’s defeat in the of action until Dec. 20 against Evansville at conference opener, Allen feels confident home. Although Krzyzewski was critical of Duke will rebound and excel when his team’s defense, he hopes they can learn conference play resumes Dec. 30, with to take control at key points in the game and the Blue Devils hosting undefeated depend more on their go-to threats. Florida State. “This is a very young basketball team that “We’re good,” Allen said. “I don’t just happened to win and be tough in 11 have to tell them anything really from games,” Krzyzewski said. “We played a really this loss. This is going to be a wake-up experienced perimeter today with a week for them. They know what to expect in of preparation. Their gameplan was great conference now.” and their kids executed fantastic. They were The next New take York the Times Syndication Corporation Duke will floor Dec. 20 Salesreally good.... When we get a one-point lead 620 Eighth Avenue, New York, N.Y. against Evansville at Cameron Indoor or 10018 a four-point lead, we need to learn critical For Information Call: 1-800-972-3550 Stadium after a For breakRelease for finalMonday, exams. December junctures Saturday, December11, 9, 2017 in the game.”


Juan Bermudez | Sports Photography Editor

Ky Bowman had 30 points, 10 rebounds and nine assists—all season highs—to carry Boston College past Grayson Allen and the Blue Devils.


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Editor’s note


s the editorial page editor of a reputable college newspaper, I’m supposed to judge a column’s worth by the strength of its argument, the fervor of its voice and the call for action it inspires. But I’m a sucker for an aggressive comment section.

Jackson Prince And this semester, Ethan Ready’s Nov. 27 column, “Taking a step back,” in which he argued that privileged people (wealthy white men) should step away from leadership positions in order to create space for marginalized voices to be heard, inspired an onslaught of colorful comments. SirJustice—a mediocre alias, really—quoted The Chronicle columnist. “‘43 of our 44 presidents have been white men.’” Factually, true. SirJustice went on to make their very stupid point. “China has won 28 out of 32 gold medals at the Olympics, you think that was discrimination or bias? Or maybe the Chinese are just damn good at table tennis?” Sal Tuzzolino—a Duke alumnus and former radio host of “The Sports Circus” on NBC Sports 1060—left a barrage of complaints, tagging the Duke Alumni Association, the Duke University Facebook page and a few of his friends (“Zola, Dan, Miguel, Benito, Chris, Bobby, Paolo, Leela, Jonathan, Colin, Warren and all the others”) to ask if “this sort of rhetorical, racial profiling...of ‘privileged’ people... by Ethan Ready and The Duke Chronicle be allowed

to be published?” Mamiejane G. Burdick—not an alias—had a problem with Ethan’s lack of a clear definition of wealth. “Please identify wealth. To me it is anyone who has a loving family whose members are decent and caring. These people know we depend on each other and give thoughtful donations to valuable charities. These people know diversity in our country is our blessing.” SirJustices, Sals, and Mamiejanes. These are the voices we don’t hear often enough at Duke University. This is the “other side” we all know well, which hovers just outside the grasp of our bubbled mentalities about the world and its inner-workings. These are the folks we don’t bother to challenge, or engage, or even reconcile in our everyday routine. While we do this honorable work, creating communities and connecting individuals and making the Duke community as progressive and safe as it must be, they sit behind computers and closedcaptioned screens, reading the liberal-leaning columns of college newspapers and letting Sean Hannity have at us. They spit on their keyboards at our “racial nonsense” (thank you, Sal), and follow President Donald Trump into divisiveness. There needs to be a new access point for these readers to enter into. A table at which a Trump voter might learn from a Hillary voter. A table at which a Hillary voter might learn from a Trump voter. A platform that connects our great young generation of thinkers—the devoutly aware student bodies of America—with the generation that held this country for years before we arrived on the college

The Chronicle welcomes submissions in the form of letters to the editor or guest columns. Submissions must include the author’s name, signature, department or class, and for purposes of identification, phone number and local address. Letters should not exceed 325 words; contact the editorial department for information regarding guest columns. The Chronicle will not publish anonymous or form letters or letters that are promotional in nature. The Chronicle reserves the right to edit letters and guest columns for length, clarity and style and the right to withhold letters based on the discretion of the editorial page editor.

Direct submissions to: E-mail: Editorial Page Department The Chronicle Box 90858, Durham, NC 27708 Phone: (919) 684-2663 Fax: (919) 684-4696

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nfertility affects one of out of seven adults in the U.S. It is one of few diseases that affect both men and women equally. It is shocking how lowly-regarded issues of infertility are, considering its high impact on adults in the US and around the world. This semester, I’ve engaged in the study of female reproductive health and its numerous aspects through the lenses of global health, sociology, ethics, and feminist studies. A shockingly large proportion

Saumya Sao

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campuses they donated to (or helped to construct). A conversation in which we allow each other to make mistakes in our vocabularies, to seek compromise in facing our respective fears for nation(s) and for humanity, to educate each other in making a viable path toward the ideal circumstance. If we want to be America’s next best generation, the responsibility to create this space falls on us, on readers and writers alike. For example, it requires me to Ethan’s forward-thinking and bravery, but also to challenge him to think even further. I think there is an environment in which it’s okay to be a wealthy white man, if they acknowledge their privilege not by weakly attempting to represent and sympathize, but by doing the serious, necessary work of co-strategizing and co-voicing the needs and desires of marginalized communities. This way, wealthy white men won’t feel as if they’re completely banned from taking leadership positions; instead, they’re required to think about themselves in relation to the world (as we must), reeducated and encouraged to create shared access points and adopt informed mentalities so that marginalized people might rise alongside them. For example, it requires you to type boldly and publish with anticipatory eyes, like Ethan, and make your voices heard to the “other side.” To put your worthy thoughts on paper, to face a world that desperately needs more conversation-starters, to face a comment section that desperately needs more challenges to SirJustices, and Sals, and Mamiejanes. To apply to be a columnist this spring, follow the link at the bottom of the page.

The benefits of ART


Est. 1905

The Chronicle commentary

14 | MONDAY, DECEMBER 11, 2017

of the US struggles with issues related to infertility, and a desired expansion of family structures over the past few decades has led to an increasing turn to the use of artificial reproductive technology. In a world of rising artificial reproductive technology (ART), the increasing freedom given to people who desire parenthood has been of concern. Parental behaviors and decisions have the most significant impact of any on children during the childbearing process, and artificial reproductive technology allows for the creation of families that could not have existed in the past. However, the quintessence of these parental decisions has not changed; the decisions have simply expanded, and the increasing freedom that comes with artificial reproductive technology is a positive change. Some may argue that the “traditional family household” should not be a structure to challenge-the parental structure of having a genetic mother and genetic father. However, family styles have been unrestricted to genetic parents for centuries, with

adoption having been practiced as early as during the Roman Republic. Family is so much more than this ancient idea of having a genetic mother and a genetic father. While a child entering the world is a force of nature, families are built upon foundations of nurture. Artificial reproductive technology has been key in granting sexual and gender minorities in America with reproductive freedom. In today’s world, so many different people can take the form of parents, be it a grandparent, a same-sex couple, a single parent, a sibling, or someone who at first is a complete stranger, highlighting the ever-expanding definition of a family. Many make the argument that the more people that pour their love into producing a child, the better off the child is. The future of ART is incredibly important. It grants increased reproductive freedom to sexual and gender minorities, and if ART is eventually viewed as a treatment covered by health insurance plans, could be useful in decreasing the gap between poor populations and rich populations, as infertility disproportionately affects poor populations. The incredible advances that have been made in the field of infertility treatments are evidence of scientific progress as infertility-treatment attempts have been made consistently throughout history. People who decades ago would have been unable to reproduce, are now able to, and fulfill what is a high priority aspiration for many people. With this comes many new issues dealing with anonymity of sperm or egg donor, relationships between surrogates and genetic mothers, and much more. However, the uncertainty that is being solved— that of being able to bear one’s own children—is arguably more important than the uncertainties in genetics and identity that are a byproduct of solving infertility issues. With ethical disgression, concerns over ART can be solved.

Interested in shaping campus dialogue? Apply to be a spring 2018 columnist:

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MONDAY, DECEMBER 11, 2017 | 15

‘Progress’ since progressive parties


he email was sent on Dec. 29, 2008. “START GETTING GIRLS FOR THE PROGRESSIVE,” the man writes. “If you know some hot chicks that want to get drunk and attend one of the most absolutely ridiculous and awesome parties of the year, ask them to be in the

Cameron Beach COLUMNIST

progressive. Try to preface it like that and not that we want them to use their bodies to seduce freshman into joining our fraternity.” He goes on. “We most likely won’t use all of them, but if we don’t have to scramble for sluts the day before the party, that would be great.” The end of the email contains some critical advice. “Get some hot b*****s before they get snagged by other fraternities to go to the date function stuff with you (the hotter the better).” The bulk of this email, sent by the rush chair of a Duke fraternity in 2008, references the group’s most important recruitment event: their progressive party. Progressive parties, once hosted by many Duke fraternities during rush, had a recognizable structure: the desired freshman boys were led into rooms, each room designed as a different theme and populated by women instructed to dress as “Playboy sluts,” “sexy angels” or, in one case, “basically ass-naked.” The freshman were supposed to be dazzled into joining

the fraternity; the women were supposed to do everything from bartend to give sexual favors in order to make that happen. After pressure from women on campus, as well as push from the Duke administration, the Interfraternity Council outlawed these parties in 2011. Progressive parties were, and remain, disgusting. But they are the symptom, not the disease. Almost every day this semester has brought with it a new, front-page scandal of sexual assault. It’s a shocking, heartening and saddening time: heartening for the courage of the women who’ve spoken out, shocking and saddening for the prevalence of sexual violence. The employers of the accused have largely responded swiftly and strongly, investigating these claims and often terminating the men involved. But for every sexual assailant who has been found guilty, there are dozens who have not— for every 1 perpetrator incarcerated, 99 walk free. This social moment has shown bravery and accountability, but it has also taught us that sexual harassment is not rare— it is a plague. And many of us are the most vulnerable to it: female college students are three times more likely than the average American woman to experience sexual assault. But why are 570 Americans sexually assaulted every day? Why do 40 percent of Duke women report being the victims of sexual assault over their four years? Why, on college campuses, do we struggle to respect the basic right to control one’s own body? The answer, I suspect, lies in that email. I remember the October day when a friend angrily showed me the email. I remember reading it once, then twice;

I remember how I blanched at the most blatant lines. “Scramble for sluts?” I shook my head in disbelief. “Hot b*****s?” It angered me, of course, but I justified his words: It was 2008, I thought. Things are different now. As my friend left our dinner table that night, the email left my mind along with him. But over the past few months, his words began popping back into my head at the strangest of times— while reading a party invite, or during a class debate about sexual violence. Months later, it was bothering me so much that I had to reread it. Once I did, I finally began to understand why his words were stuck in my head. It wasn’t the lines that had stood out to me upon first read— not the scrambling for sluts, not the hot b*****s. Instead, it was the tinier, subtler language that got me thinking about the character of sexual assault. (finally allowed me to connect his words to the diaspora of sexual assault) “We most likely won’t use all of them.” “We want them to use their bodies to seduce freshman.” “Get some hot b*****s before they get snagged by other fraternities.” The message this person is transmitting to the hundreds in his organization is clear. It is not a message of preparation for rush events, nor a reminder to invite fun people to their parties. It is a profoundly rooted message: that women exist to “use,” to “get,” to “snag.” Sexual assault is not a plague in a vacuum— the act cannot be separate from its ideological basis. It is a phenomenon with layers and roots, and at its heart lies this exact, destructive belief: that women belong to men to use, get, snag. It is not that women ought to belong to men, but

that we do, categorically. Like racism or homophobia, this is a belief so profoundly and reflexively buried in our social schema that it is not often spoken aloud, or spoken explicitly— instead, it manifests itself in action. Many of you have probably heard that rape is a crime of control, but I’d argue that it’s wider than that— sexual assault is a crime of control, and often the exercise of male control over women. Albeit the progressive party this man writes of no longer exist, the attitude he demonstrates— “getting” and “using” women— certainly does. And this, I think, is the crux of the problem: it is easy to loathe a rapist, but harder to condemn this kind of language. It’s called “locker room talk,” or “boys being boys”— what’s the harm in a little coarseness, just among friends? The harm is that it betrays beliefs that comprise the roots of sexual assault. When you marginalize a group— when you imagine, and speak, as if that group is yours to use— it becomes easier to hurt someone. When you are constantly told that women are objects to be used, it becomes more conceivable to exercise control over a body you don’t own. Not all men who use this type of language are sexual assailants. But as sexual assault becomes a larger part of our campus conversation, it’s not enough to merely punish those who have engaged in violence. If we aim to reduce the prevalence of this crime, we have to look critically at ourselves and ask what traditions, actions and conversations feed this plague. This is one. Cameron Beach is a Trinity sophomore.

It’s called satire; Google it


nd just like that, it’s that time of year—the final Monday Monday column of the semester. So skipping past the American Idol-esque buildup, I am Justin Sherman, and I am Monday Monday. For those of you who know me personally, you’re probably shocked at the thought of me sarcastically criticizing our student body. Who would have ever suspected. Nonetheless, here we are! At the very least, I’m glad that every single person who read my column 100 percent loved it—that nobody thought my piece about two-facedness was petty, that my DukeEngage commentary was not in any way perceived as “completely inaccurate,” and that nobody had a hysterical meltdown over my article on Greek life. And most importantly, not a single one of you dedicated readers thought I was up on my high horse. Always good to have unequivocal support. If you’re still confused about Monday Monday, though, maybe I can clarify: it’s called satire; Google it. Now that you know what satire is, I can (hold onto your chair) put the sarcasm on pause. [pause sarcasm] When I was first asked to write Monday Monday, I was honestly quite averse to the very idea. I feel that I have very strong control over my in-person verbal sarcasm, but it’s quite easy—as texting and Snapchatting and myriad digital mediums show us—for that delivery and context to get lost in writing. The intent of each word and the intent of the material

itself can easily be misunderstood. It can seem that I’m insulting or maliciously attacking when I don’t intend to be; it can cause my opinions and thought processes to be misrepresented; and the written delivery mechanism forces me to change how I articulate the humor itself. Most importantly, it can produce content that just sucks—that, as one loving friend put it, “could probably be better.” Nonetheless, the idea intrigued me. I love this school; I’m enraptured by its student body; I thought that satire

quality, or—as Michael Scott would say— “Reaaachinggg. You’ll get there.” The reservations I initially harbored also resurfaced. Indeed, I ran into many instances where the meaning behind one of my pieces was lost in translation, simply because of how I presented the ideas in writing. Despite all of that, I can’t take back anything I said. After all (as I condescendingly tell my friends), “That’s not how the internet works.” More importantly, though, that’s not how I work. Much unlike our spineless Speaker

So skipping past the American Idol-esque buildup, I am Justin Sherman, and I am Monday Monday. Monday Monday NOT NOT TRUE

could be an interesting way to prompt conversation about some of its flaws. I continued forward. I wrote about DukeEngage, political affiliations, two-facedness, Greek life, failure, busyness and stress (aka B.S.), and social media. Lots of drafting and deleting and discarding—especially discarding—of ideas. I certainly was criticized along the way (I daresay some of you were offended by a few of my pieces), but most of the criticism was in reality self-inflicted. There were many points during the semester where I felt, quite frankly, that my critiques were meaningless or too easy or just plain unproductive. Hardly Borowitz-

naïve, and definitely still learning. If social media teaches us anything, we shouldn’t be afraid to tell our peers, “We’re better than you.” 3. Talking about doing things is way more important than actually doing them. Joining that club, meeting new people, going into Durham – who says we can’t discuss it all?! 4. The best way to start conversations on campus is to be direct, open and painfully honest with everyone you meet. People are really comfortable with that kind of stuff. 5. Laughing at yourself is a sign of weakness. If something is painful but true, deny it and don’t laugh it off. Offense at bad sarcasm makes you a snowflake. 6. We’re all really open-minded. After all, taking everything in is the only way we can judge other people! Closing that off would be an anti-progressive tragedy. 7. Everyone totally reads Monday Monday. Satire is ultimately truth and untruth at once. It’s meant to make people think—to fuel introspection, to prompt conversation, and oftentimes to offend some people. So at the end of the day, if I managed to prompt conversation for at least one student, then mission accomplished. I suppose we’ve uncovered one way that might get people talking. But if my bulls**t “reporting” did nothing positive, though, at least there’s a spot for me at Fox News.

of the House, I stand by my positions for more than an hour at a time. In that vein, hopefully I can share some insights yielded from my Monday Monday experience. So here are some (unsolicited!) takeaways, in no particular order: 1. We should all take ourselves a little less seriously. We’re all Duke students, and so the way we act is reflective of not just us as individuals, but of the Duke undergraduate body as a whole. But who cares about that, right? Perception is overrated. 2. We should all take ourselves a little more seriously. After all, we’re brilliant, For those of you who Google Translate unstoppable college students—young, for sarcasm: take all of this literally,

16 | MONDAY, DECEMBER 11, 2017

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December 11, 2017  
December 11, 2017