See Inside Thomas Sirk returns for Pro Day Page 11
T H E I N D E P E N D E N T D A I LY AT D U K E U N I V E R S I T Y
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 4, 2018 DUKECHRONICLE.COM
ONE HUNDRED AND THIRTEENTH YEAR, ISSUE 74
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Sophomore, two juniors chosen as Goldwater Scholars By Bre Bradham Local and National News Editor
Three Duke students were recently named 2018 Goldwater Scholars. Junior Samantha Bouchal, sophomore Pranav Warman and junior Shomik Verma were chosen as three of the 211 winners from a field of more than 1,250 nominees to receive the undergraduate scholarship focused on mathematics, natural sciences and engineering. The award is given to sophomores and juniors based on academic merit and is worth up to $7,500 per year for two years. Duke’s output increases by one compared to last year, when two juniors were selected. Samantha Bouchal Bouchal, a neuroscience major and Angier B. Duke Scholar, found out about receiving the award in a unique way. She had decided to do a CrossFit workout around the time the announcements were expected so she wouldn’t be so focused on it. A call from her parents on her fifth round of lunges broke the good news. “It’s a huge honor, more than anything,” Bouchal said. “This is the first time I’ve had my work really recognized on such a big, national level. It’s kind of surreal.” She said she became interested in research in high school when she got to take an honors science research class that introduced her to building a study from the ground up and communicating scientific outcomes in simple terms. “I just fell in love with the process,” she said. “Originally, I had thought medicine was my path and that I will be a doctor—and that’s still on the table for me—but I just kind of didn’t see research coming.” When she came to Duke as a first-year, she got involved with the lab of Diego Bohorquez, assistant professor in medicine and assistant research professor in neurobiology. The lab maps out how the brain and the gut communicate with each other. From there, she spent time at the University of Connecticut researching neurogenetics and at the Mayo Clinic researching spinal cord injuries. She noted that throughout her time at Duke her research has moved from strict neuroscience to the neurobiology work she does now. Bouchal’s current work in a cancer lab focuses heavily on basic biology and neurobiology, and last semester she worked on a grant that was recently funded for a project on brain metastasis and breast cancer. Bouchal is the co-president of Duke Undergraduate Research Society and is involved See GOLDWATER on Page 3
BUDGET RUNS OUT FOR FREE UBERS TO DURHAM SERVICE LOCATIONS By Shannon Fang Staff Reporter
Ever ridden in an Uber with Duke footing the bill? Over the past year, a pilot program between Duke and Uber has covered the fees for students and employees traveling to certain locations in Durham and on campus. However, the program recently retracted the Emily Krzyzewski Center, the Durham Crisis Response Center, El Centro Hispano, the Durham Nursing and Rehabilitation Center and the Animal Protection Society of Durham from its list of destinations because it ran out of money for the remainder of the academic year. “It’s really quite unfortunate that we have so many students
who want to do great projects in the community and physically can’t get there,” said senior Maya Durvasula, who is president of the Duke Partnership for Service. The program—a collaboration between dPS and Duke Student Government—was designed to solve the transportation issues encountered by difficult-to-reach service organizations around Duke. Approved destinations for the program included places that were farther than two blocks from the Bull City Connector or more than a 15-minute walk off either campus, Durvasula said. The program did not fund sites outside of Durham. See UBERS on Page 3
Incoming DSG Pres. Kristina Smith talks plans for upcoming year, housing reform By Nathan Luzum Health and Science News Editor
In March, junior Kristina Smith was elected Duke Student Government president for the upcoming year. She spoke with The Chronicle to outline her goals for improving DSG and its ability to work alongside the Duke community. The interview has been edited for length and clarity. The Chronicle: By this time next year, what specific objectives do you hope DSG
will have accomplished? Kristina Smith: I think first and foremost, I really want DSG to work on being known as an organization that works with student groups. I want DSG to be the organization that listens and learns from our peers to make positive change for this university. DSG cannot make impactful change alone, and we certainly can’t come up with ideas to make impactful change alone. There are already student groups working on issues that pertain to each committee purview,
and I want to ensure that each committee has reached out to and incorporated those groups into their project goals and work for the year. I’m also incredibly excited to pursue the ideas that are on my platform, and I hope by next year these goals are finalized—and if not finalized, at the very least that we have made tangible steps towards coming to an end. A few of those projects that I campaigned on were course See SMITH on Page 4
The man inside the fox suit
Duke students come from wealthy schools
The world according to Peaches
A conversation with Chris Vitiello, more commonly known to students as Poetry Fox. PAGE 3
Columnist Amy Fan examines backgrounds of Duke’s student body.
Take a look inside the life of Duke’s icon, who brings joy to stressed students’ lives. TOWERVIEW
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2 | WEDNESDAY, APRIL 4, 2018
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GOLDWATER FROM PAGE 1 with the Journal Club. She previously served as the student leader and liaison for Duke Clinical Research Undergraduate Experience. Outside of research she is a classically trained pianist and an occasional volunteer with Duke Gente Aprendiendo para Nuevas Oportunidades, an ESL-tutoring service. In addition to Bohorquez, her other mentors included Holly Fitch, professor of psychological sciences at the University of Connecticut; Gayathri Devi, associate professor in surgery and associate director of research education at Duke; and Isobel Scarisbrick, associate professor of physical medicine and rehabilitation at the Mayo Clinic. Bouchal said her current plans are to pursue a Ph.D. before moving on to obtain a doctor of medicine degree. “My ultimate goal is to run a neurobiology lab,” she said. Pranav Warman Warman, also an A.B. Duke scholar, is pursuing the B.S. track in both computer
science and biology. He said that receiving the Goldwater means validation and a sense of relief as well as support. “[My reaction was] happiness, definitely— and happiness that it all paid off,” he said. Warman began doing mathematical research in high school. He has become more focused on applied research after previous mentor said that pure and theoretical research will have an impact in the next century. “I’m very interested in applying computational and mathematical tools to some of the big biological problems,” he said. Broadly, Warman is interested in applying computational methods to neuroscience—for example, finding trends predicting patients relapsing in the psychiatry department. Many of the tools he uses involve machine learning or statistics, and he said that eventually he wants to use big data to understand the circuitry of human brains. At Duke, his mentors are Katherine Heller, assistant professor of statistical science; Gopalkumar Rakesh, a resident in the psychiatry department; Michael Gustafson, associate professor of the practice of electrical and computer engineering; and Chay Kuo, associate professor of cell biology.
UBERS FROM PAGE 1 Durvasula explained that some organizations must now cut the number of times they tutor or must alter their work with community partners because transportation is problematic. Senior Liz Brown, vice president of the Durham and regional affairs committee for DSG, said that the program was a “bottomless pit of money” because there were no strict regulations. For instance, people going to the same service event could each individually take their own UberXL car, and Brown also mentioned that students may have been using these free Ubers for personal uses. Duke paid for 1,313 rides in the program—430 to the Emily
To him, the Goldwater’s recognition for lab work and undergraduate research is important because it’s not something that is always recognized. “While there’s a significant amount of support for it at Duke, I don’t know if it’s always recognized the amount of time and work you put into [lab work]—and I think the Goldwater does an excellent job of doing so,” Warman said. Outside of research, Warman is involved with the student dance group Dhamaka, which blends folk dance with American pop music, he said. Long-term, Warman said he enjoys teaching and pure research enough to continue his education further. “There’s a very high chance that a Ph.D. is in my near future,” he said. Shomik Verma Verma is majoring in mechanical engineering with minors in energy engineering and mathematics. “I really felt honored and humbled to receive this scholarship because it means that people think I am capable of being a leader and doing good research in the field,” he said.
Krzyzewski Center, 714 to Durham Nursing and Rehabilitation Center, 146 to El Centro Hispano, 14 to the Animal Protection Society of Durham and nine to the Durham Crisis Response Organization, Durvasula added. The average fare of these rides was $7.84. Brown said that next year, the Uber program will be run with more oversight, efficiency and planning by dPS. “Uber codes are about the least efficient way we can do it,” Durvasula said. “There was no way we could restrict it to service organizations we had approved, we couldn’t restrict the time periods it was being used.” In the future, she noted that the program will consider less expensive options—such as public transportation or carpooling—for getting people to service learning events. Durvasula mentioned that she wanted to focus on minimizing
Term 1: May 16-June 28 Term 2: July 2-August 12
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WEDNESDAY, APRIL 4, 2018 | 3
“I was really surprised and I felt very fortunate and grateful to receive the good news.” His research focuses on applying mechanical engineering topics like thermodynamics and heat transfers to energy to solve the energy problems the world faces today. His primary research is in solar thermal energy. “So how do we absorb the most amount of energy from the sun and use it for useful purposes?” Verma asked. He’s trying to find the most efficient way to use hydrogen fuel cells. Eventually, he hopes to use these projects and skills to develop new energy technology and solve energy challenges. Verma works in the thermodynamics and sustainable energy laboratory with Nico Hotz, assistant professor of the practice in the department of mechanical engineering and materials science. Verma is the president of Duke Energy Club and vice president of Duke Smart Home, which he will be a co-president of next year. In the long-term, Verma sees himself going to graduate school to get a doctorate, and he eventually wants to do research on the applications of heat transfer to energy. He’s still debating if he wants to go into industry or academia, but wants to do research either way.
cost by consolidating more students into one Uber instead of riding in different Ubers to the same event. Still, she insisted that even if the money has not been used in the most efficient way, it still served its initial purpose—getting people to service locations. Brown said that next year, dPS will run the program more like a grant where each service group will receive an allocated amount of money at the beginning of the academic year for transportation. She noted that this change will make the program more regulated. She noted that dPS will allocate enough money for each group, particularly if the groups are wise with their financial planning. “Groups will get a capped amount of money based on how far they’re going, how many people they have and based on people sharing Ubers,” Brown said.
IS CONSERVATION CHRISTIAN?
An ecologist shares why his faith and science compel one another Dr. Kyle Van Houtan
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SMITH FROM PAGE 1 cost transparency, expanding gender violence prevention training and increasing opportunities for non-traditional career paths. TC: What do you think your biggest challenge will be in the upcoming year? KS: I think that one large challenge that I will face— especially because I want to prioritize working with student groups next year—is the difficulty of balancing working with students, rather than just working for students. Our job is to be representatives in administrative spaces, but I think that it can be a challenge to incorporate student voices as much as possible. So this is something I really want to encourage vice presidents to do next year and something that DSG should be continually striving to overcome, which is the challenge of remembering that a student representative must work alongside students on projects and policy.
TC: There has been a lot of discussion on campus lately about housing reform. What do you see as DSG’s role in facilitating that conversation? KS: DSG’s role is to be the liaison between students and administration—in practice, that means DSG must be aware of all the student concerns and opinions related to housing on campus, so we must take the initiative to have conversations with students to discover what those opinions and those concerns are. I think this also means creating opportunities for students to have discussions with the administrators who are making the housing decisions because while it is our job to advocate for students, we must also do what we can to give students the opportunities to advocate for themselves. TC: There have also been some issues with DSG attendance this year. How do you plan on addressing that during your term as president? KS: I think what I’ve learned in my time as being both a senator and a vice president is that in order for people to feel the desire to attend Senate and to work on their projects, they have to feel accountable to someone or to something,
The Chronicle which can be a project or a policy. I think the way you inspire people to care about what they’re working on and to care about their input in the Senate is to have strong, one-onone relationships with vice presidents, with the [executive] board, with the older members of Senate. What I’ve done a lot this year that has been really successful is having one-on-one conversations with my senators where I can show them that I care about them outside of DSG but also in DSG. It makes it easier to motivate them, so next year I really want to encourage all vice presidents to do the same—to develop one-on-one relationships with their committee members so they can really motivate them, inspire them and encourage them to make sure that they’re being vocal in Senate. TC: Next year, sophomore Jake Hoberg will be executive vice president and sophomore Avery Boltwood will be president pro tempore. How do you hope to work with them in advancing your policy goals? KS: I’m incredibly excited to have the opportunity to work with both of them because they’re such dedicated and passionate individuals. I’ve had the privilege of working with Jake this year on my committee, and I know that our vision for Duke very much aligns. I expect him to be someone that I can continually bounce ideas off of so that we are taking actions that are well thought out and have the intention of benefiting the entire student body. I think that Avery is going to be phenomenal for leading the Senate and ensuring that senators—especially first-year senators—feel heard. He values equity in a way that is crucial for not only making DSG welcoming of all students, but also a space where students can advocate for inclusion of and action for marginalized communities on our campus, so I’m very excited to move forward with both of them on my [executive] board. TC: At its most recent meetings, there have been several amendments to the DSG Constitution presented. What is your opinion of these, and are there any other changes you would like to make? KS: I’m very proud of the work that [current President Pro Tempore and junior] Jackson Dellinger and the Internal Affairs Committee have done this year in regards to the Constitution and making amendments to it. They’ve really read through the documents, through our bylaws, through our Constitution with such detail, which really speaks to their commitment to DSG’s effectiveness and something that I want to continue prioritizing moving forward. The specific changes that we made last [Wednesday] about clarification and syntax are important for ensuring that DSG is carrying out our duties to the best of our ability. The amendment to the attendance policy will hopefully— in conjunction with the executive board’s leadership— encourage senators to prioritize their attendance at Senate. And their changes to the non-discrimination policy really prove that DSG is critically thinking about how to make itself representative of all students’ opinions and concerns. Next year, I really want to continue making sure we have an Internal Affairs Committee and that Avery Boltwood, who will be leading that up, will continue the work that Jackson has done in critically looking at our documents and making sure that they are clear and concise. TC: Some have criticized DSG for being opaque. Do you think these criticisms are fair, and how do you hope to combat the idea that DSG is not transparent? KS: I think that it is fair to criticize DSG for being opaque because there’s of course always room for us to improve. I cannot commend [current DSG President and senior] Riyanka [Ganguly] and our communications team enough for the strides they have made this year in making DSG policy and projects more visible to the student body. Our DSG blast and our social media have been considerably more popular than they have been compared to my first two years on DSG. Moving into next year, I want to continue to utilize our social media initiatives to increase visibility for what we’re working on. I think what’s most important is that our work directly reaching out to student groups can only help increase our transparency. If your organization is partnering with DSG on a project or on a policy, then you have a better idea of what DSG is doing. Hopefully those partnerships and the collaborations that I plan to have with student groups will often motivate and inspire students to join DSG. TC: Is there anything else you would like to add? KS: I think I’m very excited to start work for next year and very excited to see the results of the election next week—who else is on the executive board and who’s going to be shaping the leadership of DSG next year. And, I’m very excited to work with student groups and students moving forward because I think we have many, many opportunities to create some positive, lasting change for the Duke community.
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 4, 2018 | 5
VOLUME 19, ISSUE 74 | APRIL 04, 2018
poetry fox A conversation with the man behind the typewriter, page 8
duke arts festival Students share projects and satellite dishes get a makeover, page 7
‘queer eye’ Netflix revival is enjoyable but perpetuates stereotypes, page 8
recess editors What...
Will Atkinson ............................is love Nina Wilder ............... ‘s THE DEAL??? Georgina Del Vecho....... wut, wut, wut Christy Kuesel ............is my age again Jessica Williams ............is a girl to do Likhitha Butchireddygari................. ?
on the cover: Poetry Fox at the Ruby Opening Party. Photo by Jessica Williams.
6 | WEDNESDAY, APRIL 4, 2018
I haven’t been to therapy since last September. After six months of weekly appointments with my therapist Sam, she told me that I didn’t need to come back — she was confident in the progress I’d made and felt that I didn’t need to see her anymore. It was a gentle but firm push into the world of self-sufficiency and autonomy, a relieved wipe of the brow that seemed to say: Our work here is done. As our sessions became less constructive, I grew more aware that the end of our time together was near. The two different antidepressants that my psychologist prescribed me were easing the severity of my depression and anxiety, we’d already explored the depths of my traumas and insecurities extensively and the summer had signaled many positive changes in my life. I walked into therapy with a spring in my step more often than not as our sessions waned, and Sam seemed satisfied that I was on an upward trajectory. She ensured me that the line of communication between us would remain open, in case I ever felt the need to return for a session or two (or three, or four). In many ways, I was on an upward trajectory — but I still couldn’t feel complete, overwhelming joy at the prospect of not returning to therapy. Part of me was flooded with relief at the thought that I wasn’t going to spend the rest of my life in and out of sessions and bouncing between therapists, curtly recalling the worst moments of my life to strange faces with increasing emotional detachment. But so much of me was terrified. Although I’d hated the days I had to attend therapy, bemoaning the loss of an hour out of my schedule, my sessions with Sam had become essential to my healing process. And — this is an awful, perverse, twisted “and” that I’ve never been proud of — I’d slowly started to build my
identity around my existence as someone with depression, who regularly attended therapy and took medications. “Oh, I can’t have dinner with you tonight. I have a therapy appointment,” I’d whine. Or, “I’m not supposed to drink on my antidepressants.” (They’re putting it together in their heads now, aren’t they — yes, that’s correct, I’m depressed.) It wasn’t a point of pride, per se, that I was horribly crippled by self-loathing, guilt, trauma and sadness, but constructing an identity around that aspect of myself softened the hurt of it. I didn’t want to ignore my mental illnesses, I didn’t want to speak about my experiences and troubles in hushed tones as if they were things to
staff note repress or forget. I wanted a community that I felt I belonged to, with whom I could genially joke about depression and its symptoms, where I was able to confront my mental illness on my own terms. So when Sam told me I was done with therapy for the time being, I felt like I’d lost my fight instead of won it. Did that mean I was cured? Was I ready for that? Who would I be without my depression? Much to my chagrin, I never got the chance to figure that out. After a few months without therapy, winter began its descent, enveloping me with its icy sorrow and unforgiving darkness. All of the progress I’d achieved unspooled around me, and I folded
inward until even my own company became unbearable. I didn’t know what to do — calling Sam and scuttling back to therapy would surely be an admission of defeat at the hands of depression, but existing any longer without some form of support wouldn’t see a positive outcome. It was as if some maniacal being had heard my thoughts and, appalled at my audacity, gave me a taste of the reality that I thought I wanted. Oh, you’re afraid to exist without the comfort of your depression? Let’s see how much you like it now. Even when I caved under the pressure of my sadness and called Sam to schedule my first appointment in five months, she told me that she no longer saw patients (but would happily pass me along to a colleague). I almost laughed at the cruel irony of it all. Nearly a year later, I was back to square one: thoroughly depressed and without a therapist. But I have to give myself some credit. Living with a mental illness isn’t an upward trajectory, no matter how far into the skies of healing I skyrocket. And while Sam felt good about ending our sessions, that didn’t mean that I would never need therapy again in my life — which, admittedly, is quite a tough pill to swallow. (Insert joke about my antidepressants here.) Now it’s April. T.S. Eliot will tell you it’s the cruelest month, “mixing memory and desire,” but I’m finding that the promised warmth and rebirth of spring, the catharsis of feeling and the ache of desire, have yet to disappoint me. I have a partner who loves me (whom I get to love back), family and friends that support me and the sweet kisses of new beginnings pressed to my cheeks. I can see the rot and decay in the distance, yes, but I know that I’ve survived it before and that I’ll survive it again — with or without a therapist. —Nina Wilder
kirk had partied ‘til he could party no more... until he heard as if a beautiful song, a far off voice saying...
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Duke Arts Festival seeks to challenge the typical ‘Duke experience’ By Sarah Derris Staff Writer
For many Duke students, the arts are an integral aspect of their lives — academic or otherwise. Often, though, there is dissonance between the numerous artistic disciplines on campus, and Duke’s artists are aiming to bridge that gap through collaboration. This year, the annual Duke Arts Festival will take place from Friday to next Saturday, April 14, in an attempt to unify the arts and bring together students of varying academic interests. “Students have expressed to me that the arts don’t talk to each other: that a cappella groups do a cappella things and dance groups work exclusively on dance showcases, while visual artists typically work alone in studio settings,” said senior Kelsey Graywill, president of duARTS. “We have a lot of great spaces including the Rubenstein Arts Center, Smith Warehouse, the Arts Annex and the Nasher Museum, but students are often unsure of how each of these fit together to form a broader arts community at Duke. This is something we are trying to help mitigate through Arts Festival this year.” The Duke Arts Festival is comprised of over 50 events across Duke and Durham, ranging from student exhibitions to art workshops to concerts and film screenings. The festival will take place in the midst of Full Frame Film Festival, Duke Coffeehouse’s Brickside Music Festival and Hoof ‘n’ Horn’s production of “Chicago.” The week also includes DEMAN Happy Hour, which invites students to interact with alumni in arts and media industries. MuralDurham’s Satellite Park, a community event featuring murals painted over large satellite dishes, will serve as the festival’s closing celebration. “Duke Arts Festival is sort of an amalgam of administrative and departmental programming and student activities and showcases. So we have this very vertically integrated array of events where all aspects of Duke are contributing to the festival,” Graywill said, pointing to events like Friday’s kick-off party, Monday’s Senior Night at the Ruby and next Wednesday’s Night at the Arts Annex. “Students can pick and choose from our extensive calendar of events the activities they are interested and can go out and experience something new or exciting.”
Alec Himwich | Special to The Chronicle The annual Duke Arts Festival begins Friday, April 6 and features a Senior Night at the Ruby, among other arts-centered events.
HOT ITEM of the WEEK
The question now is: How can we fill all of these new spaces and bring life to them?
PRESIDENT OF DUARTS
The festival’s Senior Night at the Ruby will include senior showcases in dance, visual arts and film and an appearance from President Vincent Price. This event will offer students the opportunity to reminisce upon their Duke experience and to celebrate the Class of 2018. Another staple event, the Night at the Arts Annex, will allow students to familiarize themselves with the space and create works of art. “It’s really cool that there is more infrastructure now for the arts and that the university is investing in physical resources and spaces for students to partake in the arts. Even so, I think many students have expressed that although the physical resources are great, there is a need for greater administrative support for the arts,” Graywill said. “Although we have these new spaces, the programming and attitude toward the arts has remained largely the same within the student body. The question now is: How can we fill all of these new spaces and bring life to them?” The Duke Arts Festival also seeks to unite arts and STEM by organizing Art of Science Day, featuring a “STEAM” panel — Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts and Mathematics — where individuals across disciplines will discuss the intersection of arts and sciences. The “Art of Science” gallery will also be open to students, highlighting innovation at Duke through artistic representations of scientific research. “Interdisciplinary involvement in the arts is important to duARTS, not just in the sense of artist collaboration within the arts but also intersecting STEM fields as well. We have plenty of STEM students at Duke who are not only interested in the arts but also profoundly gifted,” Graywill said. “Many of them are not really aware of events connected to the arts or have relegated the arts as hobbies, so we really are trying to engage students who aren’t encountering arts in their daily lives to come out and participate in something See DUARTS on Page 9
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8 | WEDNESDAY, APRIL 4, 2018
Who is Poetry Fox? A conversation with the man behind the typewriter By Ashley Kwon Staff Writer
When Chris Vitiello, in his fox costume, yanks a piece of paper out of his typewriter and smashes stamps on it, the audience gasps. Also known as Poetry Fox, Vitiello is the center of attention in numerous local events, from the opening of the Rubenstein Arts Center to the Monster Drawing Rally at the NCMA. Vitiello has been writing poems his whole life. Growing up in a suburb in Northern Virginia near Washington, D.C., he and his family would often travel to museums and bookstores in D.C. He went on to get an M.F.A. in Creative Writing from Naropa University and became a street poet. But being in public and waiting for people to ask him for a poem was difficult because most people were reluctant to do so. He recalled that it was a little like asking someone for money. A fox costume that he got from his cousin as a “joke” changed his life as a street poet. On a whim, he began to wear the costume and found more people approaching him for a poem. “It disarms people,” Vitiello said. “They see a fox and a typewriter and they are like, ‘What is going on?’” Already working a separate job, Vitiello did not expect that Poetry Fox would become a large part of his life. But as of this year, he has been writing poems in his furry orange costume at local events for six years. Just as iconic as his costume, though, is Poetry Fox’s typewriter. Vitiello’s love of typewriters began when he was a child, since his family kept several of them in
their home. Before he became Poetry Fox, he began to collect typewriters from Ebay and antique stores. He would sometimes get them from his acquaintances, who had been keeping them in their attics and basements for a long time. The “tactility” of typewriters attracts Vitiello. He likes to take out a piece of paper from his typewriter after he finishes writing and hold it in his hand, as opposed to simply hitting “control-S” on his laptop. “I hit the keys harder than I really need to, frankly,” he said. “But it’s just enjoyable.” Vitiello carries out writing each poem like a performance. He begins by asking a person to give him a word to write about. Coming up with a single word to ask a poem about forces people to contemplate what is important to them. “When you ask what somebody wants a poem about, they just do not think as widely,” he said. “They think about poetry as some idea — but if it is a word, they [think] about themselves.” He then comes up with multiple directions in which he can take his poem based on the word itself and the demeanor of the person saying it. The final result ranges from simple list poems to narrative poems. “I cannot really see people … so if you are standing in front of me, I [only] see your knees,” he said. “I can just hear your voice, but you know how they say first impressions are often correct.” The writing performance ends when Poetry Fox pulls the paper out of his typewriter and stamps the letters “f ”, “o” See POETRY on Page 9
J. Caldwell | Special to The Chronicle Chris Vitiello, more commonly known as Poetry Fox, sits behind his trademark typewriter at the Nasher.
‘Queer Eye’ is built on the same stereotypes it attempts to challenge By Alexandra Bateman Staff Writer
Equally as problematic as it is bingeworthy, Netflix’s “Queer Eye” revival reinforces stereotypes about homosexuality and masculinity all the while purportedly debunking them. Originally called “Queer Eye for the Straight Guy,” the show stars the “Fab Five” — a group of gay men each with their own area of expertise (beauty, fashion, culture, food and interior design). In a take similar to Stacey and Clinton’s on “What Not To Wear,” the Fab Five then make over the life of a straight man in need. Netflix’s Atlanta-based reboot follows this same premise but features a new cast: food and wine connoisseur Antoni Porowski, fashion expert Tan France, culture aficionado Karamo Brown, interior designer Bobby Berk and grooming master Jonathan Van Ness. Undoubtedly the best parts of this reboot, each is charming in his own way. In the pilot episode “You Can’t Fix Ugly,” the Fab Five meet Tom, an older dump-truck driver who loves watching television on his front porch from his recliner while sipping a “Texas Margarita” (a mixture of Mountain Dew and Tequila). Though sweet, funny and genuine, Tom’s self-consciousness in his appearance has kept him from living the life he wants and from pursuing the woman he loves. The Fab Five work tirelessly to convince Tom that “you can’t fix ugly” is a mantra he needs to leave behind. After buying him a new wardrobe, revamping his house, shaping his “ZZ Top beard” into a more manageable mane and teaching him how to make guacamole,
Tom reveals his new self to his daughter and proclaims the Fab Five have finally “fixed ugly.” The episode ends in a sea of tears, from Tom, the Fab Five and, unashamedly, from me as a viewer. Part of what makes “Queer Eye” so endearing is the empathy and sincerity with which the Fab Five approach each of their hopeless heteros. They leave behind the unnecessary harshness that often accompanies makeover shows for a more understanding attitude that helps their criticisms feel constructive. They don’t ask their clients to be anyone they’re not; they aren’t interested in creating new personalities but in helping people learn to devote time and attention to themselves. They meet clients halfway, even electing to try Tom’s Texas Margaritas before condemning them. This new iteration of “Queer Eye,” set in the South during a particularly politically and socially contentious time, doesn’t shy away from examining larger social issues. Both parties approach these conversations with a vulnerability that makes the physical transformations feel even more significant. Throughout the course of the season, the Fab Five are called in to make over a Trump-supporting police officer, a devout Christian religious leader and a good-oldboy firefighter. In these episodes, members of the Fab Five engage their clients in serious conversations about police brutality and the lack of acceptance of gay people in religion. Understandably, these conversations don’t end in some grand peace between police officers and black men or members of religious sects and homosexuals, but they
Courtesy of Netflix “Queer Eye” follows the “Fab 5,” a group of men each with their own area of expertise, as they give makeovers.
create a sincere dialogue that seems to bring the men just a little bit closer. As enjoyable as “Queer Eye” is to watch, its stereotypical treatment of both homosexual and heterosexual men is difficult to overlook. Necessarily, the show reinforces stereotypes about homosexual masculinity — that straight men need people to sort out their lives for them and that gay men are those people, that gayness necessarily brings a worldliness and fashion sense inaccessible to heterosexual
men, that gay men understand the qualities important to women in a partner and that toxic heterosexual masculinity can be fixed with nicer clothing and a better-decorated home. While the show is open to bringing attention — however surface-level — to other hot-button issues, it can’t effectively challenge these particular stereotypes about sexuality because it is founded on them. Though fun and lighthearted, “Queer Eye” isn’t doing much for homosexual representation in 2018.
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 4, 2018 | 9
Mural Durham to give defunct Arts Annex satellite dishes a makeover By Selena Qian Staff Writer
Tucked around the side of the Arts Annex, eight satellite dishes loom over the landscape. These dishes have been there since 1991, when Duke Tel Com installed them to receive and broadcast educational programming. With the rise of the Internet in the late 1990s, the satellite dishes became defunct and now sit there, untouched. Sam Miglarese, director of the Duke-Durham Neighborhood Partnership, said they had no purpose, becoming “anachronistic” and an “eyesore.” But on Saturday, April 14 from 1 to 4 p.m., the dishes will receive a makeover. The space will become a park, where groups can host events and people can gather or use as a quiet place to work. The satellite dish painting is part of the second annual Mural Durham event. Mural Durham is a project of Artstigators and Duke Arts that aims to “connect Durham through creativity, one mural at a time,” according to its website. The designs to be painted on the dishes were announced March 30 and will all come from artists based in North Carolina. Amy Unell, director of arts engagement and partnerships at Duke, said Mural Durham received submissions from people with a variety of different backgrounds, from a student at Durham School of the Arts to local professional artists. Senior Kelsey Graywill, president of duARTS, said the event looked for designs that would work with the shape of the satellite dish. Another consideration was the artist’s previous portfolio of work to ensure that they could deliver on the largescale mural project. Holly Phelan Johnson, who ow ns HappymessART Studios, Classes and Supplies in Durham, will be painting one of the satellite dishes along with other staff artists. The design, though, comes from George Mitchell, an artist who was shot in 2003 and is now paralyzed from the waist down. He had started a series of large paintings, typically 6 feet square, of black Olympic athletes inspired by the 1996 games, and his dream is to finish the series and exhibit his work at the N.C. Central University Art Museum. Phelan Johnson created a GoFundme page to help Mitchell achieve this dream. She also plans to donate her time to paint the satellite and use the honorarium to support Mitchell. Phelan Johnson met Mitchell through Arts Access, a Raleigh-based organization that works to make the arts accessible to people with disabilities. She said the experience has been “life-changing.”
POETRY FROM PAGE 8 and “x” on it (along with several pawprints and whiskers and ears around the “o”). Vitiello developed this method of signing his poem over the past few years. He got inspiration from another Durham artist, Stacey Kirby, who used rubber stamps in her performance installations, and decided to use numerous rubber stamps he had at home. But the wooden pawprint stamp — though it sometimes does not make a good impression on the paper — has a more personal connection for him. He got it at a bookstore in Kathmandu when he travelled to Nepal with his father before he became Poetry Fox. “I just wanted to bring a stamp home and happened to choose that pawprint stamp,” he said. He enjoys writing poems for everyone, but he said he especially loves doing so for people who need some generosity. “Sometimes, I’ll just have people come up
She has also sent other artists to Mitchell’s house to meet him and help him with his work, and his experience as a professor has enabled him to teach something to anyone who meets him. The event itself is a huge undertaking — last year’s event had over 600 people in attendance. There is input from a variety of organizations on campus, including duARTS, VisArts and UCAE, as well as local businesses such as Locopops, Happy + Hale and HappymessART. Students will have the opportunity to watch artists paint the satellite murals, as well as create their own art and watch dance groups perform. The City of Durham will also table at the event to discuss current and upcoming public arts projects. Student groups are invited to “adopt” a satellite, sponsoring the mural on it. Groups that adopt a satellite will then have priority in reserving the space for events when the park is ready. They can also select what sort of theme they want the dish to have and will then be matched with an artist. One difficulty Mural Durham has had in planning this year’s event is funding. Last year, the event featured live painting of the sides of the Arts Annex and cost about $20,000 total, with $15,000 funded by SOFC. This year, though, SOFC will only be funding $4,000. These costs come from a variety of items, including logistical costs like lifts — so the artists can reach the tops of the satellites — materials for the murals, honorariums for the artists, entertainment and food. Graywill was hopeful that an appeal will change the decision. In the meantime, Mural Durham is looking for other organizations, both on campus and in the local community, that would be able to support the event with donations. Mural Durham hopes to create connections between students and the surrounding community and provide a tangible way for students to invest in Durham. Graywill said the Arts Annex is a great space to do that because it is part of Duke’s campus but is right next to the Burch Avenue neighborhood. She also acknowledged that the relationship between the school and the city has not always been the best, making events like Mural Durham — which also created a living archive of all the murals in Durham — even more important. “In a lot of ways, Duke has brought gentrification to this city and has brought in a lot of students that live on this campus but have no interest necessarily in the life of the community,” Graywill said. “So, for that alone, I think it’s so valuable to have something like that where students have the opportunity to do something that’s relaxing and enjoyable to them but actually meet the people that live here.”
to me and say, ‘My husband of 39 years passed away last year,’” he said. “This is somebody who is obviously in pain … and it is a pretty terrific thing to try to do something good for them in that moment.” Although Vitiello has lived in Durham for 24 years, he did not think that it would be a special place for him at first, because there was “not a lot going on.” “I had to grow up a little bit and realize that if you want something to be going on where you live, you have to do it,” he said. “So it was a matter of finally getting involved … and meeting other people for a project … That is what kept me here and what I’m really proud of. Durham for me is a place where ideas come to fruition.” Vitiello believes that poetry has a special place in today’s society, which he said is defined by overheated and exaggerated language. “It is just a different kind of public language and at this particular political moment, public language is pretty messed up,” he said. Poetry “is a different kind of public language that speaks on multiple levels and can communicate in a way that a radio
Courtesy of Mural Durham The satellite dishes outside the Arts Annex will be painted by North Carolina artists April 14.
broadcast, a television broadcast, a tweet or a Facebook post really cannot.” Street poetry to Vitiello is a part of the “activation” process during which poets and other artists come out of their studios to interact with the public and convey messages through their works.
DUARTS FROM PAGE 7 that is really meaningful.” Graywill contended that the arts should be an integral aspect of the “Duke experience,” providing not only fun and relaxation but also a break from Duke’s hyper-competitive academic environment. For those looking to take a break from their hectic schedules and demanding classes, the Duke Arts Festival offers a time of respite. “Art has so much value in its ability to help people facilitate introspection, help students relax and involve themselves in
something that is not tied to a grade or the competitive nature of this institution,” Graywill said. “Art provides the opportunity for students to break down the order and structure in their life and express themselves. Physically creating art and being confined only by the limits of your own imagination is very antithetical to the structure of the classroom for many Duke students.” The festival is an opportunity for avid artists and timid beginners alike to explore and engage in the artistic sphere across mediums and forms. The arts can provide a supplement to a sometimes overbearing academic load and both fascinate and educate the willing spectator. “Duke does a great job shaping good students, but I think the arts makes good people,” Graywill said. “Students have this ability to think critically and engage in philosophical and ethical discourse but I find that the arts fill the gaps in our understanding of the world and of the human experience that science alone cannot fill.”
10 | WEDNESDAY, APRIL 4, 2018
DUKE UNIVERSITYâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;S POWER PLANT DECISION THIS SPRING CHOICE I:
GO ALL SOLAR & RENEWABLES
OR CHOICE 2:
RUN THE NEW POWER PLANT ON GAS FROM HOG FARMS IN EASTERN NORTH CAROLINA The big utility Duke Energy wants the revenue stream that biogas from large pig operations would bring Many want Duke University to take the lead on clean energy by going to 100% renewable energy from solar & efficiency Problems with biogas from industrial scale pig farms: 1 These operations are a major source of water pollution in eastern Carolina 2 These operations generally use antibiotics and thus contribute to the serious problem of antibiotic resistance 3 The pigs in many of these industrial farms are crammed into seriously crowded facilities and raised in inhumane conditions For information on the health & environmental impacts of large hog operations see:
www.foodandwaterwatch.org Paid for by Foundation Earth
THE BLUE ZONE
REVIEWING TREVON DUVAL’S 2017-18 SEASON dukechronicle.com
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 4, 2018
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 4, 2018 | 11
BACK IN TOWN
Thomas Sirk returns to Durham to work out as tight end in front of NFL scouts at Duke’s Pro Day By Michael Model Assistant Blue Zone Editor
With the NFL draft a little more than three weeks away, eight Blue Devils showed off their skills Tuesday afternoon in hopes of elevating their draft stock. Center Austin Davis, cornerback Bryon Fields Jr., defensive tackle Mike Ramsay and running back Shaun Wilson took the field Tuesday at Pascal Field House from Duke’s 2017 roster in front of representatives from 25 NFL organizations. The players participated in a series of events to test their skillsets and athleticism, including a 40-yard dash, shuttle runs and numerous position-specific challenges like tackling and passing drills. “I hear constantly from our coaches and scouts that come in just how well our guys work,” Blue Devil head coach David Cutcliffe said. “They’ve gone about their business well. It makes me nervous. It’s fun to see their parents, but the best part of it is that all of them have degrees. That always makes it a lot of fun because they’re prepared for whatever falls their way.” In addition to the seniors, four former Duke players—running backs Jela Duncan and Quay Mann, punter Will Monday and quarterback Thomas Sirk—returned to campus to participate in the workouts, looking to advance to the next level. Sirk was perhaps the most interesting of the players at the Blue Devils’ Pro Day. The
Sanjeev Dasgupta | Sports Photography Editor
Former Duke quarterback Thomas Sirk is open to transitioning to tight end in hopes of getting a chance to play at the next level. Glen St. Mary, Fla., native spent five years at Duke before closing out his college career at East Carolina last fall. Although Sirk led the Blue Devils to their first bowl victory in 54 years—Duke beat Indiana 44-41 in the Pinstripe bowl his redshirt junior year—the dual-threat quarterback’s college career was marred by injuries. Sirk felt a need to prove to scouts that he can
still compete at a high level after undergoing three surgeries for Achilles’ tendon tears during his time as a Blue Devil. “I want to prove to these guys that I’m healthy and to prove to myself that I can still do it,” Sirk said. “I’m 24 years old now, and I came out here and I’ve been busting my butt for three months now, and it paid off. It truly did pay off, and I wasn’t sure how my times were going
to be, but that didn’t matter to me as long as I got through them and showed my athleticism, showed that I can still play the game of football. I’m really grateful for that.” After participating solely in quarterback drills at East Carolina’s Pro Day Thursday, Sirk returned to Duke to show off his versatility, opting to do all the running drills in addition to running routes and catching passes as a receiver. Not known for his throwing arm, Sirk feels his 6-foot-4 frame may fit best at the tight end position at the next level. Sirk formerly played wide receiver in high school. “I’m just praying he gets that right opportunity,” Cutcliffe said. “When I first started recruiting Thomas Sirk, it was based on receiver film. His junior year, he was a receiver at his high school and transitioned to quarterback, so his athleticism was the first thing that we noticed about him.” Several other former Blue Devils were also back on campus to help the eight men prepare for their workout Tuesday afternoon. Most notably, current Washington Redskin wideout Jamison Crowder and Sirk’s predecessor at quarterback Anthony Boone were present at pro day cheering on their former teammates, with Boone throwing passes to Sirk. “There are a lot of things that make me happy about being here for 10 years,” Cutcliffe said. “I think the thing that makes me most happy is seeing our guys come back and seeing the smiles on their faces. I don’t think it can get any better than that.”
Chron chat: Evaluating the start of the offseason By Hank Tucker, Mitchell Gladstone and Ben Leonard Men’s Basketball Beat Writers
With the men’s college basketball season ending last weekend, our men’s basketball beat writers analyze a busy first week of the offseason with three questions. Villanova wrapped up the most dominant run to a national championship in recent memory Monday night. How much of a chance would Duke have had to beat the Wildcats if Grayson Allen’s shot against Kansas in the Elite Eight at the end of regulation had gone in? Ben Leonard: I’m sure most of you will disagree with me on this, but Duke would have beaten Villanova if Allen’s shot had rolled in. The two teams Villanova pummeled in its final tournament games, Kansas and Michigan, both struggle with defending the 3-ball, the Wildcats’ strength. The Jayhawks nearly allowed the most 3-point tries in the country this season, and the Wolverine defense was No. 110 in the country in 3-point attempts taken. A lot of 3-point tries generally means that there are a lot of open looks to be had—something that Villanova exploited. But Duke’s zone defense developed into one of the best perimeter units in the country
at the end of the season and would have limited the Wildcats from deep. There’s no question that it would still have been a close game, but the Blue Devils’ defense would help them come out on top. Mitchell Gladstone: Ben, I am going to disagree with you on this one, like you said. As effective as Duke’s zone looked down the stretch, we saw what Kansas was able to do to the Blue Devils—especially with Malik Newman and then Svi Mykhailiuk’s shot to send that Elite Eight game to overtime. This Villanova team had seven guys who were all legitimate longrange threats, and I think they would have used their ball movement to find plenty of gaps to shoot over the zone. There’s no question Duke could have won in a matchup with the Wildcats, and in fact, the Blue Devil offense might have been the most likely in the tournament to take out ‘Nova. But Jay Wright’s group is national champs for the second time in three years, and I believe they deserve it more than any other team. Hank Tucker: Duke was certainly capable of beating any team in the nation this year, including Villanova. It might have been the only other team in the nation capable of winning if the
Wildcats played and shot like they did Saturday night against the Jayhawks. But we’ve known this Blue Devil team was as talented as anybody all year, and it still never accomplished anything really meaningful.
Getting to San Antonio would have changed that narrative, hung a banner and made the season a success, but it feels unlikely that Duke’s See M. BASKETBALL on Page 13
Jim Liu | News Photography Editor
Gary Trent Jr.’s decision on whether to stay at Duke for another year or jump to the NBA will have a major impact on Duke’s backcourt next season.
12 |WEDNESDAY, | WEDNESDAY,APRIL APRIL 4, 4, 2018 2018
Blue Devils claim team and individual titles By Dilan Trivedi Staff Reporter
Following four top-five finishes throughout the year, Duke finally was able to hold its lead and secure a much-needed victory Sunday. Dealing with unseasonable conditions at the start of April, the Blue Devils weathered the storm over the weekend in Normal, Ill., and won both the individual and team titles at the D.A. Weibring Intercollegiate at the Weibring Golf Club. The two-day tournament, which featured 54 holes of golf, started off with rain and gusty winds for the first 18 holes Saturday morning. The contest ended with no better weather, as Duke golfers fought accumulating snow to complete their final 18 Sunday. Luckily for the Blue Devils, the victory was all but secured Sunday, as they entered the final round up 15 strokes on Wisconsin. The more interesting question was who would take home the individual title, with Duke’s own Adam Wood and Chandler Eaton duking it out alongside the Badgers’ Griffin Barela, who had a two-stroke advantage on Eaton starting the final round. But Wood parred his final 12 holes to finish the day at an even-par 71 and a tournament total of a 4-over-par 217. Meanwhile, Eaton and Barela, who were paired together, both stumbled on the 18th hole to fall back into a tie with Wood. Eaton bogeyed three of his last five holes of the final round for a 1-over-par 72, while Barela shot a 2-over-par back nine en
route to a 74, leaving all three golfers tied at 217. A scorecard playoff ultimately declared Wood as the sole winner of the individual title. On the team side of the competition, the blustery conditions Saturday morning left the field wide open, with all the squads struggling to find the red in the difficult environment. The Blue Devils found themselves tied for second with Fort Wayne—one stroke behind SIU Edwardsville—with a 19-over-par first round led by Eaton’s 74. But as the winds died down and the golfers took the course for the second time of the day, Duke asserted its dominance and took control of the tournament. With four players carding even-par, the Blue Devils’ 284 team score was seven strokes clear of the next best tally, setting the team up with a 15-stroke lead heading into the final round. Instead of collapsing as it had done on the final day earlier in the year at the Nike Collegiate Invitational and Georgia Collegiate, Duke kept its foot on the gas and registered another evenpar performance, paced by freshman Adrien Pendaries’ 1-under-par 70. The team finished the tournament with a total score of 871, maintaining its 15-stroke margin of victory. Although Eaton and Wood headlined the team’s performance, four of the starters and two other individuals finished in the top 15. Alex Smalley, who played in the No. 1 position, overcame a 6-over-par 77 start to shoot two rounds of 71 and finish alone in sixth place. Pendaries also saw significant improvement from his 8-over-par 79 opening round with
Sanjeev Dasgupta | Sports Photography Editor
Senior Adam Wood parred the final 12 holes of the tournament to come from behind and earn the individual title Sunday. scores of 71 and 70 to close in seventh. Another freshman also made some noise, as Qi wen Wong—who competed as an individual—shot a 5-over-par 218 for the tournament to find himself tied for fourth. Individuals Evan Katz and Shrish Dwivedi tied for 15th, finishing at 10-over-par 223 for the tournament. The Blue Devils topped the field in scoring average for the short, medium and long holes. Playing on the 6,915-yard track, they averaged a tournament-best 3.35 and 4.12 on the par-3 and par-4’s, respectively. Duke capitalized on the
par-5’s as well, closing at 5-under-par on those holes overall. The victory should be a huge confidence booster for the squad as it prepares for postseason play. Following encouraging topfive finishes at the Querencia Cabo Collegiate and Valspar Collegiate Championship in its previous tournaments, Duke will look to continue to play its best golf of the year in less than two weeks at the Stitch Intercollegiate at MacGregor Downs in its final competition before the ACC tournament.
Duke hits 3 home runs to roll past Richmond By Liz Finny Associate Sports Editor
Coming off an impressive sweep of Notre Dame—one in which the Blue Devils devastated the Fighting Irish 16-4 with a 12run eighth inning to close out the series—Duke managed to continue its offensive fireworks against Richmond Tuesday afternoon on the road at Pitt Field. The No. 10 Blue Devils delivered a similar blow to the Spiders, crushing them 13-2 with the help of DUKE 13 three home runs to 2 bring their scoring RICH total to 48 runs in their last five games. Duke’s impressive performance at the plate was led by designated hitter Chris Proctor, who had four hits in his five plate appearances and also got on base a fifth time via a walk. Proctor scored the second run of the first inning and also smacked his second home run of the year—a two-run shot to right-center field—in the third inning to put the Blue Devils in front 4-1. He contributed one more RBI with a single and came around to score again in the fourth. Freshman first baseman Joey Loperfido joined Proctor with a big day at bat, collecting an RBI off a sacrifice fly to right in the first inning and contributing another two-run homer in the third inning. Jimmy Herron and Jack Labosky added hits in the fourth inning as well, as Duke (25-5) was already in front 9-1 after four frames. “Proctor is really locked in. It’s great to see
Jack Labosky have the type of at-bats that he had. We got good production up and down the lineup,” head coach Chris Pollard told GoDuke.com. “We had four freshmen in the starting lineup, so it was a young team out there on the field, but also on top of the guys that were productive in the starting lineup, we had a lot of guys come off the bench and have really good at-bats.” Kennie Taylor brought the home-run total to three on the day, blasting one out of the park and into the trees behind center field in the seventh inning with nobody on base, and the Blue Devils did not let up from there, capping the day with a three-run, three-hit eighth inning. Richmond (16-12) was only able to add one more run after its run in the first inning, bringing the final score to 13-2. In addition to its domination at the plate, Duke performed well on the mound. Bryce Jarvis gave up two hits and one run in the first two innings before Graeme Stinson took over and only surrendered one hit though four innings, striking out a stellar six Spiders. The sophomore fireballer delivered a top-notch performance, including a 1-2-3 fourth inning. “Our pitching was very, very solid. While you don’t hope for guys to get in trouble, it is a learning experience for them, and Bryce got into some trouble. It was self-inflicted there in the second, and then he had to grind it out and make some pitches to get off the field, and that’s a growing moment for him,” Pollard said. “On the flip side, Graeme was really efficient and was able to go out there and get a fourth inning.
That allowed him to work and extend and got to 55 pitches, which still puts him in a comfortable window to be ready on Friday.” Hunter Davis finished off the day for the Blue Devils, matching Jarvis’ two strikeouts and also giving up two hits and a run in three innings of work. “Those are big innings with us having to turn around and play tomorrow. I feel like sometimes a broken record, let’s not forget that part of the reason that those guys were so good is because of the defense we played behind them,”
Pollard said. “Zack Kone made some terrific plays at shortstop and went and got some balls in the outfield. [Michael] Rothenberg was really, really good behind the plate, so we pitched well, but they got the defense to help make them good.” Duke will have a quick turnaround, returning home to play Campbell on Wednesday at the Durham Bulls Athletic Park. The Blue Devils will then head to Winston-Salem, N.C., to continue their ACC slate, hoping to keep up their winning streak against Wake Forest.
Jonah Sinclair | Associate Photography Editor
Chris Proctor had four hits in Tuesday’s game, smacking his second home run of the season and finishing with three RBIs.
M. BASKETBALL FROM PAGE 11 run would have lasted any longer than that. Experience wins in March, and Villanova was a group of proven champions that knew how to win and peaked at the right time. Sure, it would have been a good hypothetical game, but I’ll still take the Wildcats as the winner. What’s the outlook on next season for Duke as a potential contender again, and how much hinges on the decisions of Gary Trent Jr. and Trevon Duval to stay or jump to the NBA? BL: Duke is going to be a contender regardless of whether it gets Trent and/or Duval back. But how serious of a contender the Blue Devils will be hinges on if Trent comes back. All indications are that he is going to leave for the draft, but if he stays, he could provide a deep threat for a backcourt that could be thin. R.J. Barrett and Tre Jones are very good, but Duke needs one more true guard to emerge to be the national
championship frontrunner. The Blue Devils have a lot of size, but shouldn’t have to rely on Alex O’Connell or playing a threebig lineup constantly to win games. Don’t get me wrong: Zion Williamson and Cam Reddish are very good too, but Duke could use some traditional guards to mix in on a team laden with forwards. If Trent comes back, it would be hard to stop Duke. To me, it doesn’t really matter if Duval comes back. The Blue Devils have a capable— and potentially less turnover-prone—point guard in Jones. MG: Well, let me address the critical questions first: Do I think both Duval and Trent should return to Durham? Yes. Do I think both will? No. I have a hard time seeing where Duval would fit on next year’s team, especially if Tre Jones is a better shooter—sure, Duval and Jones could find a way to work like Tyus Jones and Quinn Cook did as a backcourt tandem in 2015, but it just seems unlikely. Trent, however, would be an awesome piece for Duke to have back because
Ian Jaffe | Photography Editor
Mike Krzyzewski will not have former chief assistant Jeff Capel by his side next season.
CLASSIFIEDS ANNOUNCEMENTS HOLTON PRIZE IN EDUCATION Cash prizes of up to $1,000 will be awarded for outstanding research in education-related fields� Open to Duke undergraduates� Application deadline is April 13, 2018� For applications and information: http://educationprogram�duke�edu/undergraduate/scholarships� Faculty contacts: Dr� Zoila Airall (zoila�airall@duke�edu) or Dr� Susan Wynn (susan�wynn@duke� edu)�
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The Chronicle How much longer will the soccer ball live? hankthetank’s birthday: �������������������������������������������������������������������� likhithabanana Longer than my sanity: �������������������������������������������������������������������������� popefrances Until I decide: ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� happyrock It’ll die when V. 113 does: ��������������������������������������������������������������������� hankthetank Student Advertising Manager: ������������������������������������������������������������Megan Bowen Student Marketing Manager: ���������������������������������������������������������������������Lizzy Pott Account Representatives: ������������������������������Brittany Amano, Griffin Carter, TJ Cole, Paul Dickinson, Jack Forlines, Matt Gendell, Francis L’Esperance, Jack Lubin, Gabriela Martinez-Moure, Jake Melnick, Spencer Perkins, Brendan Quinlan, Levi Rhoades, Rebecca Ross, Jake Schulman, Matt Zychowski Creative Services: �������������������������������������������������� Rachael Murtagh, Myla Swallow Student Business Manager ����������������������������������������������� Will Deseran, Dylan Riley
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WEDNESDAY, APRIL 4, 2018 | 13
of his potential to develop even further on the years in Durham. I don’t see this having a major defensive end. impact in the short term—Coach K will be able He’s really honed in on his shot, and with to recruit just fine. But in the long term, it leaves Trent back, the Blue Devils could go back to the Blue Devils without a clear replacement for being that dominant perimeter shooting team head coach Mike Krzyzewski upon retirement. that many think of when they think of the classic Perhaps his departure also signals that he would Duke squads. But in the end, there’s no reason the not have been the right fit. Blue Devils won’t be able to contend for a sixth MG: I think it’s easier to make a bigger deal national title—I just think we’ll see the same about Capel leaving from the outside, especially questions come to the forefront again as Duke when we really have no idea as to the future of struggles to defend and jell together as a rotation Coach K. Maybe Capel wasn’t the clear successor with at least four first-year players. that many perceived him to be. Maybe Coach K HT: For as good as Duke’s recruiting class has the intention of sticking with Duke for three, is next year, it doesn’t have a player quite like four, five more years. Maybe there’s something Gary Trent Jr., a generally reliable 3-point else we don’t know about that could play out in shooter and free throw shooter who knocked the next few months. down numerous big shots this season. Like Regardless, the point is that the future is Ben and Mitchell, I’d assume Jones can cloudier, but not much else changes. Jon Scheyer replace Duval just fine, but Trent’s decision has reached a similar plane to Capel in terms of on whether to stay will make a big impact on recruiting, and as long as Coach K is still at the how I look at next season. helm, Duke isn’t going to have an issue bringing Regardless, though, I think it would be in the country’s best prospects. absurd to put Duke anywhere near No. 1 in the HT: It’s really hard to read the tea leaves on preseason poll with likely four or five starters what Capel’s departure means regarding the gone, no matter how good the recruiting class is. succession plan for Coach K’s retirement, if there The Blue Devils won’t have a single senior in the even is a succession plan, and I won’t try to make rotation unless Antonio Vrankovic goes through a guess, but unlike Ben, I think it might have a a Marshall Plumlee-esque transformation to big impact on X’s and O’s and the day-to-day become an effective center in his final season, and adjustments the team has to make. that typically hasn’t been a very good formula for Capel wasn’t wildly successful during his a national title hopeful. nine years as a head coach, but he does have a The Blue Devils have already seen one lot of tournament experience and was exposed departure that came as a surprise last week. to different styles and environments that may How important was Jeff Capel’s decision to have added a fresh viewpoint to the staff. For leave Duke’s staff and accept Pittsburgh’s example, when Duke was struggling to defend the head coaching job for the future of the Blue perimeter against Iona in the first round of the Devil program? NCAA tournament a couple of weeks ago, Coach BL: From an X’s and O’s standpoint, Capel’s K said it was Capel’s idea to make a successful departure is completely irrelevant. But from switch to a 3-2 zone. It also helped to have New York Times Corporation a recruitingThe standpoint, Capel willSyndication be missed Sales somebody with head coaching experience on call 620 Eighth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10018 The New York Times Syndication Sales Corporation dearly. Remember, he got Blake Griffin to go to fill in at a moment’s notice when Krzyzewski For Information Call: Eighth Avenue, New 1-800-972-3550 York, N.Y. 10018 to Oklahoma of620 allFor places and wasTuesday, integral in to miss a game, and the Blue Devils won’t For Release Aprilhad 3, 2018 Information Call: 1-800-972-3550 landing the elite For recruiting in recentAprilhave that luxury anymore. Releaseclasses Wednesday, 4, 2018
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T H E I N D E P E N D E N T D A I LY AT D U K E U N I V E R S I T Y
14 | WEDNESDAY, APRIL 4, 2018
Vote for Bhatia, Ihionkhan and McKinney
n Thursday and Friday, Duke students will go to the polls and choose five new vice-presidents to represent them in Duke Student Government. For the position of VP of Durham and Regional Affairs, students will choose between sophomores Axel Herrara Ramos and Uwa Ihionkhan. Students will also rank both sophomore Liv McKinney and first-year Rebecca Torrance for the position of VP of Services and Sustainability. Finally, undergraduates will choose between three of their peers running for VP of Academic Affairs: sophomores Shreya Bhatia and Saheel Chodavadia, and junior Madden Osei. Although each candidate running for their respective position is undoubtedly uniquely qualified to lead their peers, we strongly encourage the student body to vote for Ihionkhan for VP of of Durham and Regional Affairs, McKinney for VP of Services and Sustainability and Bhatia for VP of Academic Affairs this coming Thursday. For the Durham and Regional Affairs position, Uwa and Axel presented strong campaigns full of new ideas for strengthening the connection between campus and our surrounding city. Both candidates heavily value community and increasing collaborative projects, but ultimately, the Board voted to endorse Uwa given the necessity of strong institutional knowledge of DSG
onlinecomment “High school kids can’t be trusted to show the proper level of respect, and so a mandatory code is imposed on them. The code may be too severe or too lenient, but I think the existence of a code is defensible.” —Gus Barkley commenting on “Wear what you want,” published on Apr. 3, 2018.
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for the mentorship-heavily role of committee Vice President. That being said, Axel’s experience working with Durham organizations and insights as someone who grew up in the area were impressive and we hope that he will continue to contribute his immense skill set and passions to Durham-Duke projects in the future. Liv and Rebecca presented platforms with similar sentiments and core priorities, including improving mental health services on campus and other student wellness resources. However, the key component that pushed the Board in Liv’s favor was the details in
Editorial Board her campaign aims. Her clear, specific and tangible suggested goals were indicative of her crucial experience within student government and the Board felt that this understanding of how to craft feasible policy aims would be well suited for the position. We encourage Recebba to continue her admirable work with DSG for the betterment of the university and collect more experience, then run again later on in her time at Duke. Finally, all three candidates running for VP of Academic Affairs would bring to the position
their own unique backgrounds and experiences to further the scholastic interests of the student body. Saheel’s platform specifically focuses on three areas of improvement in the realm of Academic Affairs: wellness, access and voice. Madden, an outsider to DSG, stressed the importance of tackling a diverse set of institutional reforms, such as including a more interdisciplinary approach to the curriculum, within his respective platform. Nonetheless, we strongly encourage voters to rank Bhatia first. Her more focused, conceivably achievable campaign promise to improve the academic integrity at Duke through working closely with students and campus groups resonated among many members of the board. Overall, as always, experience with working in the inner machinations of DSG was a considerable voting issue for the Board. All the candidates brought with them energy, optimism and excitement for the future of our representative student assembly, but those with the added qualification of being veterans of the long Wednesday night meetings came out on top. We wish all those running luck in all their endeavors. Moreover, we strongly encourage the student body to vote for whoever they see fit; voting, both inside the Duke bubble and outside, is an important part of the civic process that we should all be part of.
We still need room to grow
uly 2, 2018, will mark the 54th anniversary of the signing of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which made segregation in public places and employment discrimination based on race, national origin, sex or religion illegal. Considering that the decades following Reconstruction up until about 1957 saw virtually zero
Jamal Michel COLUMNIST civil rights legislation nationwide, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 remains a crowning moment in American history for Black women and men. It started a movement that expanded its reach and influence to other marginalized parts of the country, acting as a blueprint for later efforts like the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and National Organization for Women in 1966. The groundwork of civil rights leaders in the early 1960’s ushered in an era of hard fought battles for representation in schools, the workplace, and even our economy. The potential growth for Black communities at this point seemed promising, with the prospect of access to better schools, greater work opportunities, and better living conditions just on the horizon. However, there remains a staunch trend when it comes to expanding access for those in the margins: racial tensions increase, violent outbreaks follow, and legislation doubles back on its earlier promises of reprieve. 54 years later, that trend remains steadfast—and crippling. Nearly ten years after the signing of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, much of the country was unsurprisingly unwilling to take up desegregation, as evidenced by cases like U.S. v. Wyandotte County—where a Kansas county jail’s policy kept inmates separated by race due to unfounded fears of violence—and Wright v. City of Emporia—where another city in Kansas sought to operate its school independently from its surrounding county, resulting in further segregation. Petitioners fought to have the city incorporate a dual system that dismantled segregation in its school, as mostly Black students were inevitably forced to attend schools outside of Emporia. According to court documents, the court’s ruling “permitted the U.S. Justice Department to sue to secure desegregation of certain public facilities owned, operated, or managed by any state or subdivision of a state.” Cases of almost identical attempts to promote selfsegregation remain. These kinds of racially motivated actions hide behind political rhetoric and often lead to damaging results. In housing, those living in poorer parts of Durham, for example, are sent out the door en masse, as gentrification actively displaces low-income residents. In education, the achievement gap continues to adversely affect students in marginalized communities, as poor schools still fight for better resources. Unequal access to public facilities must be viewed through a lens of racial disparity, otherwise such injustices will continue. Nearly six years ago, members of a predominantly white
suburb in Alabama attempted to secede from its county in an attempt to “seek better access to funding and more control over the schools’ curricula.” The move would have had a most immediate impact on the Black and Brown student bodies in the county, but the city of Gardendale denied the move ever being racially motivated. Where instances like this existed in the past as explicit, racially motivated acts, today’s are far more thinly veiled, and more frequently protected by members of court and office. Despite fights for equality, equity, and representation, Black communities remained pigeonholed as lawless and depraved years after the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The crack epidemic of the 80’s saw Congress pass the Anti-Drug Abuse Act, which for the first time cemented mandatory minimum sentences for those convicted of possessing certain amounts of cocaine. The sentences, however, were much tougher for crack cocaine than powder cocaine cases—which disproportionately affected AfricanAmericans. In 2006, the ACLU provided an extensive report of the 20 years of unjust criminal sentencing from federal crack cocaine laws that disproportionately, and predatorily, targeted Black communities. Their research revealed that, in 1986, before the enactment of federal mandatory minimum sentencing for crack cocaine offenses, the average federal drug sentence for African Americans was 11 percent higher than for whites. Four years later, the average federal drug sentence for African Americans was 49 percent higher. What follows is the era of the “super predators”: heavier police presence in inner-cities and poorer communities are amplified, and the image of young African-American men as lawless are further reinforced by race riots caught on camera and televised nationally. Due to years of inadequate legislation and nonexistent social discourse, racial tensions reach their peak in the 90’s and spill over into the era of police brutality that is today. The deaths of Oscar Grant in 2009 and Trayvon Martin in 2012 at the hands of law enforcement sparked immediate public outcry, and were followed by a slew of killings that called attention to the racial disparity in many of these high profile cases, where officers were frequently acquitted or not charged altogether. 54 years, and in this age we have witnessed a resurgence of civil rights efforts, as well as conversation about the state of things in African-American communities across the nation fluctuating. Despite all this, America continues to grow more diverse than ever before. Representation in education, business, and the arts expands wide enough to include those in the margins, and social discourse does grow more profound each day. Now is the time to act more thoughtfully on what we have learned from the past. Today’s conversations should turn into action, and that action must work to combat the staggering number of crimes against marginalized groups. Now more than ever is the time to build room for forgotten communities to grow. Jamal Michel is a Duke graduate and an English teacher at Northern High School. His column runs on alternate Wednesdays.
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 4, 2018 | 15
Duke students come from wealthy schools
ow rich are the schools that Duke Roughly 0.5 percent of students attend a students come from? boarding high school. My fellow columnists have written column after column after column Low Poverty/High Poverty: calling for housing reform. Even I have written The percentage of students qualifying for about it, twice. A few weeks ago, the Chronicle free and reduced lunch is a traditional proxy to laboriously assembled a dataset for the 1,739 examine the overall wealth of a school. In the students who entered as the class of 2018 to 2014-2015 school year, 51.8 percent of public examine homogeneity in Greek life. Most of school students nationwide qualify for free and those students, assuming they didn’t transfer reduced lunch. The cutoffs to qualify are 130 and are graduating on time, are now seniors. But how much of the problem stems from the structures that exist on campus, and how much is due to the composition of the student body to start with? The same dataset in the Greek life article also shows the following: If the entire senior class were reduced down to 100 people, this is what their high school breakdown would look pretty different from the national statistics. Nationally, 28 percent of K-12 students attend a private school or a low-poverty public school. In the senior class, that proportion is a whopping 72 percent, more than 2.5 times the national proportion. Perhaps more striking: Nationally, 22 percent of K-12 students attend a high-poverty Graphic by Jeremy Chen | Graphics Editor public school. In the senior class, that figure is 1 percent—just 21 students. percent of the poverty rate for free lunch, and 185 percent for reduced lunch. For a family of Context behind the statistics 4 in the 2017-2018 school year, the cutoff for Private/Boarding School: reduced lunch was a family income of $45,510. Of the 1514 students who went to a high The National Center for Education Statistics school in the United States, 484, or 32 percent, (NCES) defines low poverty schools as schools went to a private high school. Eight were with fewer than 25 percent of its students on homeschooled, and the rest went to public free or reduced lunch and high poverty schools school. 62 students (ncluding 8 who went to the as those with more than 75 percent of its publc boarding schools TAMS and NCSSM), or students on free or reduced lunch. Nationally, 4 percent, went to a boarding school. only 20 percent of public school students attend In contrast, 10.2 percent of students in the low-poverty schools, and about 24 percent of United States as of January 2018 attended a students attend high poverty schools. private high school, according to the NCES. Nationally, the median public school
student attends a school where 51.7 percent of students qualify for free or reduced lunch. At Duke, the median is 19.39 percent. In fact, 897 out of 1022, or 87.8 percent, of Duke students come from public schools where the proportion of students receiving free or reduced lunch is below the national median . Family income and qualifying for financial aid have traditionally been the lens for examining elitism at Duke. And the statistics
went to is just as bad as judging someone by their hometown, sexuality, race, or the color of their socks. After all, most students didn’t pick the school they attended, just like they didn’t pick their hometown, sex at birth, or race. If anything, their parents were more influential in these decisions. Additionally, there are things the data can’t capture. There are students who’ve probably gone to multiple schools across the socioeconomic spectrum throughout their schooling career. A uniform measure for free and reduced lunch nationally doesn’t consider different costs of living across cities. Self segregation by socioeconomic status likely happens within schools, so a seemingly socioeconomically diverse student body on paper may still lack diversity. But it’d also be wrong to deny that K-12 schools shape an important part of our individual identities. Aside from teaching us the material that prepared us for college (or not), schools also play a major part in shaping our social circles pre-Duke, in the same way that Duke influences and shapes our future social and professional networks. For many institutional Amy Fan reasons, Duke may not draw a fangirling socioeconomically diverse class. have been revealing and widespread: Median After all, parental income is a huge predictor family income at Duke is $186,700, well within of college access in the first place. But if people the top 10 percent of families. 19 percent of are pushing for housing reform and changes to students come from the top 1% of families Greek life in the name of being able to interact (minimum income $630K). Half of students are with a diverse group of people, it may be paying full price. time to reconsider. Duke may be much more But even if a student makes below median diverse than some students’ hometowns, at income, went to a public school, and qualifies least in some regards. But are the only forms for financial aid, that doesn’t necessarily mean of diversity worth pursuing the ones that Duke we’re off the hook. The public schools that Duke endorses? students come from, much like the student body, skew towards the wealthy. Amy Fan is a Trinity sophomore. Her column, Perhaps judging people by the school they “fangirling,” runs on alternate Wednesdays.
What March for Our Lives got wrong
well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.”
Mitchell Siegel TRUTH BE TOLD The Second Amendment of the United States Constitution has been under intense scrutiny and served as the center of a fierce and contentious debate in the wake of a slew of mass shootings over the past few years. The Parkland School shooting in Florida in particular sparked an overwhelming emotional response that has fueled the March For Our Lives movement in cities and towns across America. The march itself constituted roughly 200,000 people in Washington D.C. alone, with thousands more participating in 800 other marches nationwide. March For Our Lives should have been an inclusive and unifying movement that brings everyone to the table. Instead, the movement has further polarized the nation and will ultimately fail in achieving its goal of assuring “that no special interest group or political agenda is more critical than timely passage of legislation to effectively address the gun violence issues that are rampant in our country.” Through the speeches, social media posts, and online platform, it is clear that March
For Our Lives has become about advancing a narrow gun control agenda. It has been aimed at alienating those who disagreed with their platform rather than embracing the fundamental idea that reform is needed. Specifically, supporters of the NRA and conservative voters have been targeted. Emma Gonzalez, a Parkland teen activist who received a great amount of attention for her March For Our Lives speech, said in an interview with CNN, “... I don’t really care what people who defend the Second Amendment have to say.” David Hogg, another Parkland activist and leader in movement, attacked Senator Marco Rubio in his speech, saying, “I’m going to start off by putting this price tag right here as a reminder for you guys to know how much Marco Rubio took for every student’s life in Florida.” Hogg was referring to an orange $1.05 price tag that Parkland survivors wore during the march. Parkland student Sarah Chadwick calculated this figure by dividing the NRA contributions Rubio has received by the number of high school students enrolled in Florida. These two statements already present many issues, and it’s no wonder that gun rights activists are quick to feel like they are on the defensive. The accusation that those who ardently support the Second Amendment and stronger gun rights protections are murders is ignorant and assumes that this status quo of school security and gun policy is acceptable. The vast majority of gun owners in America are law-abiding citizens. Many love their country and fear for their children just as much
as anyone else. Regardless of your view on guns, it is unfair to smear the other side just because they disagree with the exact platform with which to resolve this problem. March For Our Lives had an opportunity to make gun reform a bipartisan movement that held all members of government accountable. Instead, it has become wildly politicized. In fact, the polling data from the D.C. march found that 89 percent of protesters voted for Hillary Clinton. Furthermore, a legion of liberal donors and interest groups such as Planned Parenthood, Giffords, Everytown and many more have responsible for significantly driving the momentum behind the movement. Despite their advocacy for reform, family members of victims of these school as well as survivors who support stronger emphasis on strengthening school security have received far less media attention for their efforts and dedication. Virtually none were included in the March For Our Lives rallies, and some have even alleged not being allowed to speak because of their ideological inconsistencies with the movement’s agenda. By declaring war on the NRA and it supporters, the March for Our Lives activists are demonstrating how out of touch they are with the situation. Additionally, they are making their own cause even harder to tackle. From January to February, NRA individual donations more than tripled from approximately $248,000 to $779,000. The number of people contributing in the week after the Parkland shooting increased almost 500 percent from the week prior.
Many leaders on the right must also be held accountable for exacerbating the situation. For example, Iowa Republican Rep. Steve King mocked Gonzalez with a nasty remark on social media. Many conservatives and libertarians must learn that it is far more constructive to discredit arguments rather than make unrelated personal attacks. Outrageous rhetoric has unfortunately characterized the movement thus far, and further perpetuates our inability to have civil discussions based on empathy and finding common ground. Although March For Our Lives seems to empower many, it has been another example of futile virtue signaling. We should all sympathize with those affected directly by the mass shootings. However, we cannot continue to feed the false narrative that tragedy makes people policy experts. Every perspective should be taken seriously with a general assumption that the overarching goal is to save lives, regardless of political views. The March For Our Lives missed a crucial opportunity to be inclusive to diverse viewpoints and utilize the true power of a united American public to draw up bipartisan solutions and hold our politicians accountable. As Americans, we must learn to put politics aside and reach a consensus for the sake of posterity. Mitchell Siegel is a Trinity sophomore. His column, “truth be told,” runs on alternate Wednesdays.
16 | WEDNESDAY, APRIL 4, 2018
CAN’T MISS EVENTS arts.duke.edu
APRIL 4 - APRIL 12
21st Annual Full Frame Documentary Film Festival Single tickets are now available for the 21st annual Full Frame Documentary Film Festival! The 2018 festival, which is a program of the Center for Documentary Studies at Duke, runs April 5th through the 8th, and features a dynamic lineup of new documentaries—including 21 premieres—as well as a slate of classics about Crime and Punishment in the Thematic Program, curated by filmmaker Joe Berlinger, and groundbreaking work by 2018 Tribute Jehane Noujaim. See the full schedule for screening dates and times for the internationally renowned, Oscar®-qualifying festival right here in our favorite corner of the South.
MFA|EDA THESIS EXHIBITION Through Saturday, April 14 Duke and Durham mfaeda2018.org
JOHN AKOMFRAH: PRECARITY On view through Sunday, August 26 Nasher Museum of Art
AIN’T MISBEHAVIN’ Mary Lou Williams Center for Black Culture Friday, April 6, 8 pm Saturday, April 7, 8 pm Sunday, April 8, 5 pm
ORGANIZING IDEAS PHYSICALLY: CHOREOGRAPHIC THINKING IN PARTICIPATORY EVENTS WITH DANA CASPERSEN Tuesday, April 10 4-5:30 pm Rubenstein Arts Center, Studio 124
DUKE NEW MUSIC ENSEMBLE WITH SPECIAL GUESTS F-PLUS Sunday, April 8 8 pm Baldwin Auditorium Free admisson
“MATERIAL DESIRE & EXPERIMENTAL FILM” (CURATED BY KIM KNOWLES)—PROGRAM 4: “SEEING DIFFERENTLY” Thursday, April 12 7 pm Rubenstein Arts Center, Film Theater
Brought to you by Department of Art, Art History and Visual Studies, Center for Documentary Studies, Dance Program, Music Department, Master of Fine Arts in Experimental & Documentary Studies, Nasher Museum of Art, Screen/Society and Theater Studies.