See Inside Duke takes down No. 1 Tar Heels Page 4
T H E I N D E P E N D E N T D A I LY AT D U K E U N I V E R S I T Y
MONDAY, APRIL 23, 2018 DUKECHRONICLE.COM
ONE HUNDRED AND THIRTEENTH YEAR, ISSUE 82
SHOOTERS OWNER TOOK A STANCE IN LACROSSE CASE What that means for Duke students today By Riley Griffin Contributing Reporter
Kim Cates, owner of popular off-campus bar Shooters II, was a staunch defender of the 2006 men’s lacrosse team after three of the co-captains were accused of rape. 1. A poster signed by the team hangs behind the main bar. Photo | Special to the Chronicle 2. Now, Shooters draws in about 1,800 students—in 2006, it was 300. Photo | Chronicle File 3. Cates is pictured here with players from different years. Photo | Special to the Chronicle 4. Cates placed 38 cameras around the bar for security. Photo | Special to the Chronicle
Student Conduct closes cases against student protesters By Adam Beyer Digital Strategy Director
The clock strikes midnight. It’s Wednesday—or it was—but students continue to pulse to “Mr. Brightside,” unaware of the coming morning. Kim Cates glides from a corner of the bar, which she affectionately named “Lacrosse Alley,” toward the mass of tangled bodies that now spills across the dancefloor. Her eyes scan the crowd. She’s on the lookout. But for what? Cates is the owner and manager of Shooters II Saloon, a staple for Duke student nightlife. Her bar’s success has made her a household name in the surrounding community. She’s frequently listed in The Chronicle’s “Who’s Who at Duke” alongside administrators like President Vincent Price and Larry Moneta, vice president for student affairs. At a petite five feet tall, Cates quietly patrols her territory watching for disorderly conduct. She’s wearing chains of bullets, which have been refashioned into jewelry, on her neck and wrists to be in theme with the honky-tonk saloon. She’s 50 years old. This year, her bar turns 20. Cates is a Durham native, known for her southern charm and her no-nonsense attitude. The combination of these qualities have made her a savvy business-owner, drawing students to the local bar every Wednesday, Friday and Saturday. But what is her relationship to the Duke community beyond a shared zip code? For Cates, the connection is obvious—she developed an unbreakable bond with the Duke men’s lacrosse team. The rest is history. “It’s a bond I don’t think could ever be broken,” Cates said. Many students are aware of Cates’ devotion to the men’s lacrosse team. It’s hard not to see. Above the entrance to Shooters hangs a life-size poster of the 2009 roster. Beside it is a hand-painted banner of Cates herself, riding a mechanical bull and holding a lacrosse stick. “Score one for Shooters” is written to the side. The banner was made for her by the mother of a former player. Cates attends most of the men’s lacrosse home games and has traveled to a few road
Students who were told they might face disciplinary action for their disruption of President Price’s speech last Saturday have had their student conduct cases closed. More than 20 students had received email notifications from Stephen Bryan, associate dean of students and director of the Office of Student Conduct, notifying them that his office had opened an inquiry into their conduct. Duke policy prohibits “disruptive picketing, protesting or demonstration.” “We are celebrating this win and are excited to hear that the administration chose the correct action,” the students, who call their organization the People’s State of the University, said in a statement on Saturday. “We look forward to working with the administration
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tournaments. She’s been a guest at family banquets and personally knows some of the coaches. Walking behind the main bar, Cates points to a different poster. This one, she says, was the most meaningful: “INNOCENT FROM THE BEGINNING! INNOCENT NOW!! INNOCENT FOREVER!!!” The poster was signed by the 2006 men’s lacrosse team, which was drawn into the national spotlight after three of the four cocaptains were falsely accused of rape. Cates attributed the success of her bar to the tenuous year following the accusations. She said that while Duke administrators and surrounding Durham community members assumed the players’ guilt, she voiced their innocence to all who would listen. Her activism had an effect on her business, she said. “When Duke students caught wind that I was supporting the lacrosse boys, my clientele started changing. My crowds started booming. I had to hire people like that,” Cates said, snapping her fingers. During a moment of turmoil and tension between Duke and Durham, Cates forged an irreplaceable relationship with the men’s lacrosse team. The allegations of sexual assault were ultimately unfounded, but Cates’ early and highly public support for the accused players and their teammates raised Shooters’ profile on Duke’s campus. And her business has “boomed” in years since. In 2006, Cates’ relationship to the team complicated the existing campus discourse on privilege and power, race and class, gender and misconduct. Twelve years later, it still might. The prevalence of sexual assault on and around Duke’s campus today has administrators and students once again wondering who’s side she’s on. A honky-tonk saloon Well before the infamous lacrosse case began, Shooters was known as a local country bar. The saloon hosted live music, line-dancing lessons, wet T-shirt contests and “biker days.” See SHOOTERS on Page 2
[toward] fulfilling our vision of a better Duke.” Student conduct is closing the investigation into the students through an informal resolution, explained the students’ statement. The informal resolution, a written admonition, is not considered disciplinary action and will not become a part of their disciplinary record. Nearly 60 faculty members signed a letter to administrators supporting the students Thursday evening. Earlier this week, the students had called it “ironic” that the University would launch investigations given the history of
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SHOOTERS FROM PAGE 1 Shooters existed at two other venues before moving to its current facility on West Morgan Street. The first bar in Hillsborough burned down within a month of its opening (Cates alleged it was torched by a former friend). The second bar was purchased for a price the owners couldn’t turn down. Back then, Cates said Shooters drew 300 locals a week. Now, the saloon packs up to 1,800 students a night—more than one-fourth of the undergraduate student body. Cates said the lacrosse players were the first customers she ever had from Duke. “This was their hideaway. We weren’t busy so I always bartended for them over there,” Cates said, gesturing to the side of the bar that’s now called Lacrosse Alley. “I got real close to them.” Ryan McFadyen, a defenseman on the men’s lacrosse team from 2004 to 2009, said that his upperclassmen teammates frequented the bar every other week, sometimes with students on the baseball team and women’s lacrosse team. When McFadyen later began attending Shooters as an undergraduate in 2004, the Duke showing was still sparse. “The lacrosse guys latched onto her,” McFadyen said. ‘I stood by them’: The ‘06 lacrosse case Cates’ relationship to the Duke men’s lacrosse team forever changed in 2006, when three of the co-captains faced criminal charges for allegedly raping Crystal Gail Mangum, an exotic dancer and a student at North Carolina Central University. Ultimately, the charges were dropped a year later after North Carolina’s attorney general took over the case from Durham’s chief prosecutor, who was accused of legal misconduct. The three players in question were declared innocent on March 23, 2007.
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Shortly after rape allegations were first presented to police, the rumor mill began to churn in Durham. “I was hearing things, and I got a call from one of the boys and he asked, ‘Do you mind if I come by and talk to you?’” Cates said. “He came in during off-hours, sat down and walked me through the night [of the alleged rape] from beginning to end. He just wanted someone to listen.” Cates said she would not name the student who confided in her in order to respect his privacy. “I had no reason not to believe him,” Cates said, “He seemed honest and I trusted him. From that point moving forward, I stood by them when this whole town—all Duke—didn’t stand by them.” McFadyen, who had been present at the offcampus party involving Mangum and another dancer but was not one of the students accused of rape, also came under scrutiny. An email he’d written about the dancers, paraphrasing a line from “American Psycho,” became part of the ongoing investigation. “I personally had a tough time,” McFadyen said. “I had to tell my parents the police had executed a warrant on my room. Try calling your parents and saying that. Have you ever told a dark joke? Imagine that being put in The Wall Street Journal.” “I had no idea what [the impact] would be,” McFadyen said. “But Kim understood.” As the case drew public attention, polarizing Duke’s campus and the surrounding Durham community, McFadyen said the team sought out a safe haven where they didn’t feel “under a microscope.” “She looked out for us,” McFadyen said. “There was an overarching halo of safety at Shooters where we could be ourselves, we could relax with each other and we could hang out with people who supported us. That didn’t exist anywhere else, especially on campus.” Cates’ support for the lacrosse players went
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well beyond the bar. She advocated on campus for then-North Carolina Attorney General Roy Cooper to take over the investigation. She encouraged first-years to register to vote. She posted signs across Durham, stating, “Innocent Until Proven Guilty,” and made anonymous calls to local TV networks advocating for the players. This form of support was unusual for a Durham local who was unaffiliated to the University, said David Graham, Trinity ‘09 and editor at The Chronicle during the lacrosse case. Graham is now a staff writer at The Atlantic and teaches in the Sanford School of Public Policy. The lacrosse case was “such a dominant story,” Graham said, reflecting on the media frenzy and campus discourse. “Everyone had an opinion. Having a strong feeling about it was not unusual, but I think being an outspoken defender of the lacrosse team was somewhat unusual.” John Burness, Duke’s former vice president for public affairs and government relations, said the alleged rape angered Durham locals who had long felt exploited by the University and its students. “The behavior of Duke kids in neighborhoods near campus goes a long way toward explaining why, when the lacrosse incident first became public, you saw such a visceral reaction,” Burness said. “[Locals] were tired of students behaving badly over a long period of time.” This was a point made by the Group of 88—a coalition of Duke faculty members who were signatories of a controversial advertisement placed in The Chronicle that addressed systemic issues surrounding racism and sexism. The lacrosse case, they wrote, was a symptom of a historically inequitable relationship between Duke and Durham. The ad caused friction among faculty members who believed the ad was inflammatory or, in the words of English professor Victor Strandberg, “poured gasoline on flames.”
McFadyen said it was critical that they had vocal support from a Durham local at a time when community supporters seemed few and far between. But Cates believes her support for the lacrosse players may have strained her relationship with the Durham community, which became increasingly tense in subsequent years as more Duke students visited Shooters. “People in Durham, they’re not loyal,” Cates said. “Locals didn’t like me catering to Duke students. But I support people who support me.” Despite the risk to the business, her employees said they encouraged Cates’ spirit of advocacy. “Kim supported and believed in those boys,” said Jason Ellis, a longtime bartender and DJ at Shooters. “She stood behind them and they stood behind her.” Editor’s note: This is an abridged version of this article. Find the the full version online at dukechronicle.com.
PROTESTERS FROM PAGE 1 protest at Duke. “This is a great literary irony that the University is punishing us the same way they punished the students 50 years ago during the exact same time in which we are celebrating their activism,” said senior Bryce Cracknell, who has been involved with the protest movement. “It’s almost hilarious.” This is not the first time the University has dropped student conduct investigations against protesters. In response to the Allen Building sit-in in Spring 2016, Duke launched a review of the nine students who occupied the building for violations to the amnesty agreement negotiated with administrators earlier. After meetings between the students and Bryan’s office, the inquiry ended.
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4 | MONDAY, APRIL 23, 2018
COMING UP ACES
Blue Devils take down No. 1 North Carolina to clinch ACC regular-season title in season’s final weekend By Spencer Levy Staff Reporter
Four months ago, freshman Hannah Zhao was still in high school. Friday night, she earned one of the biggest wins of her career to clinch the match against the top team in the nation and the Blue Devils’ biggest rivals. No. 4 Duke knocked off top-ranked North Carolina 5-2 Friday evening in an upset victory that eclipsed the four-hour mark at Ambler Tennis Stadium. Led by a dominant showing in singles, the Blue Devils earned 2 their first victory against UNC 5 the Tar Heels since 2014 DUKE to clinch a share of the 0 ACC regular-season VT 7 title before winning DUKE it outright Sunday afternoon against Virginia Tech. “The level of play that we played at gives us confidence—the trust in each other and the belief that they have in each other and to know when we put our mind to it, we can compete and challenge anybody in the country. Our conference is so tough. I think it’s something we need to really be proud of and take a moment to step back,” Duke head coach Jamie Ashworth said Friday. “We want to finish off what we started four months ago and not come out and be flat and be satisfied with anything.” The Blue Devils (20-2, 12-1 in the ACC) jumped out to an early lead in doubles, as the No. 6 duo of senior Samantha Harris and freshman Kelly Chen held serve on a deciding deuce point at 4-2 to set up a 6-3 victory against No. 23 Alle Sanford and Sara Daavettila. But soon after on Court 3, sophomore Meible Chi and freshman Hannah Zhao fell 4-6 to the Tar Heel tandem of Makenna Jones and Marika Akkerman. With the doubles point in the balance, juniors Kaitlyn McCarthy and Ellyse Hamlin soared out to an early 4-1 lead on Court 1 before North Carolina’s top-ranked duo surged back to win 7-6(5). In a match between two of best teams in the nation, the doubles point is usually a critical component of the recipe for a win. But Duke did not end up needing it—in fact, the Blue Devils were a mere five points away from a clean 7-0 sweep in the team match, with two doubles points
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Meible Chi defeated a top-25 opponent against North Carolina in straight sets to help spur Duke’s dominant singles performance. and three singles points serving as the difference for the two individual match points the Tar Heels (22-3, 11-2) claimed. “The beginning of the singles was about character because I felt like and I think our girls felt like we didn’t get beat in doubles, we lost the doubles point, and there’s a difference,” Ashworth said. “The doubles point was on our rackets. We were up and just didn’t execute like we wanted to execute. We talked about in the five minutes in between, ‘Look, it’s right there for you. But we have to go out there and we have to take it and we have hit the ball and we have to go after our shots. If we miss, we miss.’” Three Duke players in particular jumped out quick for an early advantage in singles. No. 81 Chi, No. 29 Chen and Hamlin each took a commanding 5-0 lead in the opening set. “Win or lose the doubles point, it’s huge if you can look at the scoreboard and see that people have started quickly. It gives me a lot of confidence,” McCarthy said. “Having people out there that were leading the team off the courts was huge. Being able to finish those matches really does free people up to swing more freely and play more freely and the way that we need to
play. It allowed us to do what we did today.” Hamlin was the first Blue Devil off the court. After winning the opening set on a deciding deuce point, the junior aced North Carolina’s Chloe Ouellet-Pizer to take a 5-2 advantage and closed out the dominant 6-1, 6-2 win on Court 5. “When Ellyse is moving forward and playing with emotion and playing aggressive, then a result like today doesn’t surprise me,” Ashworth said. “When Ellyse is focused, she can compete with anybody.” Chen quickly added her name to the win count, as the freshman bested No. 82 Jessie Aney 6-0, 6-3 in the fourth singles spot. On Court 2, Chi earned a 6-1, 6-4 win against No. 24 Sanford after Sanford missed her shot into the net. The clinching match for Duke was in the grasp of both Zhao and McCarthy. The freshman eventually took home the honor of the celebration following her three-set victory. Zhao struggled at the onset, as North Carolina’s Akkerman led 5-1 quickly before holding on to win 6-4 in the opening set. But Zhao turned the match around and never gave the Tar Heel redshirt junior a chance to come close to the victory, seizing a 5-0 lead in
the second and third sets. A heavy top-spin crosscourt forehand forced Akkerman into an error to cap Zhao’s 4-6, 6-2, 6-2 win, as the freshman was embraced by two teammates and the home crowd roared. “That was definitely a learning experience for Hannah. Her first regular season match with UNC with so much on the line.... She did a really good job of changing what she was doing,” Ashworth said. “I said to her, ‘Hannah, just play. There’s nothing I can say to you that is going to change this. It’s a decision that you have to make.’” On Court 3, McCarthy was next in line for victory. After grinding out a 6-4 first set, the junior fell 2-6 in the second set to No. 83 Alexa Graham. But the Cary, N.C., native regrouped and jumped out to an early 5-1 lead in the decider. Graham did not give in and won the next three games, but McCarthy fought back and captured the set 6-4 on an overhead winner on a deciding deuce point. “She picked up her level quite a bit toward the end and she was going to make me earn the last few points. She wasn’t going to give anything away,” McCarthy said. “I lost a few really close games and that was unfortunate, but at the end of the day, I was able to still get it done.” In the final match of the evening, No. 4 Harris lost to No. 11 Jones 7-5, 1-6, 7-6(4). The Melbourne, Australia native recovered from down 1-4 to notch the first set at five games apiece, but Jones won the next two games for the set win. Harris controlled the second set, but fell just short in the third-set tiebreaker to keep the Blue Devils from a singles sweep. Duke won the outright ACC regular-season title Sunday at noon with a 7-0 sweep against Virginia Tech (12-11, 3-11) at home after honoring Harris and Rebecca Smaller on Senior Day. The Blue Devils will begin play in the conference tournament as the top seed in the quarterfinals Friday morning at 9. “The win tonight in and of itself was the first time since I’ve been here at Duke that we’ve beaten UNC, so it’s a great confidence boost for us and I think it just validates everything that we’ve been working towards this season,” McCarthy said. “We’re in there with every single top-five team, and we have a shot at both ACCs and NCAAs.”
Conine’s grand slam helps Duke avoid sweep vs. Wolfpack By Riley Pfaff Associate Sports Editor
After three tough home losses in a row, Duke finally made Jack Coombs Field feel like home again Sunday afternoon. The No. 8 Blue Devils avoided a sweep at the hands of No. 2 N.C. State with a dominant 11-2 win, silencing the sizable Wolfpack cheering 9 section that made NCSU the drive up I-40 to 2 see one of the biggest DUKE 2 ACC series of the year. NCSU Griffin Conine set 1 the tone with a noDUKE 2 doubt grand slam in NCSU the bottom of the first DUKE 11 inning to give Duke its first lead of the series, and the Blue Devils never
looked back in a blowout victory. “We had our backs against the wall. I told our team in our pregame meeting that this was the best opportunity that we have had all year to this point to show off our toughness in the face of adversity,” Duke head coach Chris Pollard said. “We’re in the middle of running the gauntlet, and this is the first time we’ve been in a backs-against-the-wall position. This was going to be a great chance to show just how tough we are as a club.” After mostly disappearing for the last three games, Duke’s offense exploded back into form Sunday afternoon against N.C. State starter Michael Bienlien, who recorded just one out before loading the bases and serving up Conine’s shot deep into the trees beyond right field. Miguel Gauthier stopped the bleeding temporarily for the Wolfpack (31-8, 15-6 in the ACC), but the Blue Devil offense was far from finished.
After a single and two walks loaded the bases in the bottom of the fifth for Kennie Taylor, he lifted a fly ball to right field just deep enough for Chris Proctor to score his second run of the game and give Duke (31-10, 13-6) a 5-2 lead. With two outs, Michael Smiciklas walked to load the bases again, this time for senior captain Max Miller, who missed Friday’s game with an injury and went 0-for-4 in Saturday’s game. All of that was put squarely in the past as he roped a 2-0 pitch down the left-field line for a twoout, bases-clearing double that blew the game wide open. Three pitches later, the Blue Devils’ lead stretched to eight, as Jack Labosky put the finishing touches on a huge six-run inning with a two-run shot to left field that put the game firmly out of reach. Read the rest of this recap online at dukechronicle.com/section/sports.
Evan Mapes | Associate Photography Editor
Griffin Conine cleared the bases with a first-inning grand slam Sunday afternoon.
MONDAY, MONDAY,APRIL APRIL23, 23,2018 2018 | 5
Blue Devils put away Marquette with 11 straight goals By Mitchell Gladstone Sports Managing Editor
For a quarter Friday night, it appeared as if Marquette might be able to give the nation’s third-ranked team a battle—something the Golden Eagles had yet to accomplish against the Blue Devils—with the visitors down just one at 3-2. It was only a matter of time, though, before the goals came. Behind an offensive onslaught sparked by a sock trick courtesy of senior Justin Guterding and four more goals MARQ 5 from freshman Joe DUKE 17 Robertson, No. 3 Duke blew out Marquette 17-5 for a fourth straight victory, as the Blue Devils will be able to carry some momentum into next weekend’s ACC tournament. Duke ripped off 11 straight goals in nearly a 24-minute span, helping to stretch its overall margin of victory against the Golden Eagles to 98-33 with wins in six all-time matchups. Guterding added a pair of assists to go along with his six tallies, pushing him into sixth place on the NCAA career points list at 323, and the senior is just a dozen goals away from becoming the all-time leading scorer in Division I history. “We just started hitting singles and reading their defense a little bit more,” Guterding said of the second-half surge. “In the first half, we were getting our looks but we weren’t hitting them. We just converted in the second half and we spaced better. The defense clamped down— [goalkeeper] Danny Fowler did excellent—we
really held their offense down and I’m proud of the whole team.” Early on, Marquette took it to the Blue Devils, forcing a quick Duke turnover which ultimately set up the Golden Eagles for the game’s first goal. But the Blue Devils needed just two and a half minutes to answer, with Guterding dishing to Joey Manown, and from there, Marquette never led again. “You’ve got to tip your cap to Marquette,” Duke head coach John Danowski said. “They did a nice job facing off, so it was even, but they were able to get possession of the ball. They did a great job off the ground, so if we made a mistake, the ball was going back their way.... We were delighted that the guys hung in there and learned a little bit about resilience and perseverance.” A minute into the second stanza, Guterding ended a six-minute scoring drought, scoring his second goal of the night before completing his first hat trick just two Blue Devil possessions later. Duke (12-2) ceded the final score of the first half to the visitors, giving the Blue Devils just a twoscore advantage at intermission. But after Guterding and the Golden Eagles’ Bob Pelton traded goals within 30 seconds of one another early in the third quarter, the hosts put away Marquette (6-6) for good, notching 11 consecutive goals as the visitors went silent for almost a half-hour. “It took me a while to get going,” said Robertson, who scored three of his goals during the dominant run. “I didn’t hit my shots at first— my placement was off, but then they started to fall and I got a little bit more comfortable. The offense moved the ball and I was wide open, so
tournament in Charlottesville, Va. it’s a credit to those guys. If Notre Dame knocks off North Carolina Junior Brad Smith kicked things off with back-to-back tallies before Guterding netted in Chapel Hill Saturday, Duke will take his fifth of the night. Robertson then dropped on the Fighting Irish in the semifinals. A in two straight scores before an absolute snipe Tar Heel win, however, could cause chaos with a three-way tie for the final two ACC by Guterding made it 12-4. From there, Robertson added his 32nd of tournament spots. Regardless, the Blue Devils are eager for the season, and Duke then got lone tallies from Brian Smyth, Jake Seau, Peter Conley and Ryan another shot at one of the teams they took Hastings—his first of the season—to stretch down during their recent tear. “Coach said that we’re going to have to the lead to a baker’s dozen at 17-4. Even with some early sloppiness, as play a team that we’ve already beaten, and the Blue Devils logged eight first-half that’s really hard to do,” Guterding said. “We’re turnovers—four of which were unforced— excited to have the challenge.” nothing could slow down the country’s third-highest scoring offense. “Guys were getting a little bit anxious,” Danowski said. “They were just trying to force the ball into places they didn’t need to instead of letting the game come to them, and that happens. It’s Friday night, we just scored 18 goals last week, they think it’s going to be easy and it’s not.” In the rout, Duke got another stellar performance from Fowler in net, with the graduate student saving six of the 11 Golden Eagle shots on goal. Although Marquette racked up 35 shots on the night, the Blue Devil defense made things tough on its Big East opposition, leading to 13 turnovers and many empty possessions. Now, with the main chunk of the regular season in the rearview mirror—Duke will play one final contest before the NCAA tournamentThe when hostsTimes Boston UniversitySales Charles York | Associate Photography Editor NewitYork York Syndication Corporation The New Times Syndication Sales Corporation Justin Guterding scored six goals and moved May 6—the Blue Devils can turn their 620 Eighth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10018 620 Eighth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10018 For Information Call: 1-800-972-3550 to sixth on the NCAA career points list. attention to next weekend’s Call: conference For Information 1-800-972-3550 ForRelease ReleaseSaturday, Monday, April 2018 For April 23, 21, 2018
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The Chronicle What we’re looking forward to this week: LDOC: ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� likhithabanana LDOC: ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� hankthetank LDOC: �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� turksandcaicos LDOC: ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� iCarly LDOC: �����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������kenricklamar Student Advertising Manager: ������������������������������������������������������������Megan Bowen Student Marketing Manager: ���������������������������������������������������������������������Lizzy Pott Account Representatives: ������������������������������Brittany Amano, Griffin Carter, TJ Cole, Paul Dickinson, Jack Forlines, Matt Gendell, Francis L’Esperance, Jack Lubin, Gabriela Martinez-Moure, Jake Melnick, Spencer Perkins, Brendan Quinlan, Levi Rhoades, Rebecca Ross, Jake Schulman, Matt Zychowski Creative Services: �������������������������������������������������� Rachael Murtagh, Myla Swallow Student Business Manager ����������������������������������������������� Will Deseran, Dylan Riley
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T H E I N D E P E N D E N T D A I LY AT D U K E U N I V E R S I T Y
Students are still having sex
ast week, The Chronicle reported that the Academic Council will be voting early next month on a new policy that will ban undergraduate-faculty relationships. The proposed ban, though consistently marketed as not being punitive in nature, is a step toward trying to limit the sexual misconduct that takes place at Duke as a result of such relationships. Duke’s current policy only bans relationships between students and those in direct positions of authority over them. Though the board agrees that this policy is an important step in acknowledging the uneven power dynamics at play within student-faculty sexual relationships, the policy seems somewhat questionable given its paternalistic attitude and ineffectiveness in addressing the root cultural causes of sexual misconduct. First and foremost, by aiming to expand the current regulations regarding student faculty relationships beyond direct authoritative situations, the University is exercising its paternalism. By policing consensual sexual experiences, Duke is assuming that it holds a better understanding of our wellbeing than we do as adults capable of consenting to various forms of sexual activities. Particularly troubling regarding the policy is Professor Ananat’s claim that undergraduates “are not in a position developmentally necessarily to fully consent to a sexual relationship with someone
“The parallel between stereotypes about black people and Christians was a huge reach, and it’s also just incorrect— one of those stereotypes can be fatal, and the other makes you uncomfortable.” —Mumbz Mak, responding on Facebook to “The difficulty of being Christian at Duke” published on April 20, 2018
LETTERS POLICY The Chronicle welcomes submissions in the form of letters to the editor or guest columns. Submissions must include the author’s name, signature, department or class, and for purposes of identification, phone number and local address. Letters should not exceed 325 words; contact the editorial department for information regarding guest columns. The Chronicle will not publish anonymous or form letters or letters that are promotional in nature. The Chronicle reserves the right to edit letters and guest columns for length, clarity and style and the right to withhold letters based on the discretion of the editorial page editor.
who is a full adult.” Such a paternalistic perspective restricts the agency of students—many of whom are in their early twenties and possess the moral and emotional maturity to engage in physical intimacy and have the legal right to do so. By passing a policy with this sort of accompanying dialogue, Duke is continuing a longstanding tradition of infantilizing its undergraduates and refusing to acknowledge their autonomy. With the recent announcement of a similar paternalistic administrative measure— President Price’s new campus smoking ban—it is
Editorial Board critical for Duke students to ask what the limits of Duke’s reach are: at what point do well-intentioned policies becomes infringements upon our individual autonomy? Additionally, while we acknowledge the good intentions of this policy, it does little to address the actual causes of sexual misconduct in consensual relationships. While the unequal power dynamic within a student-teacher relationship seems quite clear, we need to reflect on the power dynamics present in all of our intimate relationships. These
dynamics are at play outside the classroom, and include a whole host of other factors including age, gender, socioeconomic status and race. For this reason, Duke needs to recognize that the policing of student-faculty relationships is a Band-Aid solution to a much larger problem of power abuse at the University. At a University where 40 percent of undergraduate women report being sexually assaulted, there are clearly bigger systemic issues that should be dealt with than the isolated issues of student-faculty relationships. If Duke truly wants to make a meaningful impact on the troubling campus culture that breeds sexual misconduct, it needs a lot more than a simple policy change. It is going to take a complete reevaluation of the University’s systems that currently allow these injustices to go unchecked. We need to offer all members of our community a more holistic understanding of consent and positive sexual relationships. And, while we in no way advocate sleeping with one’s professor—in fact, it is probably a terrible idea—we do not think it is Duke’s place to police the consensual sexual activities of its students. The University possesses a multitude of avenues to make its disapproval known without resorting to such paternalism, and we suggest that administrators use them.
Advice from the Class of 2018
6 | MONDAY, APRIL 23, 2018
Direct submissions to: E-mail: email@example.com Editorial Page Department The Chronicle Box 90858, Durham, NC 27708 Phone: (919) 684-2663 Fax: (919) 684-4696
LIKHITHA BUTCHIREDDYGARI, Editor HANK TUCKER, Sports Editor KENRICK CAI, News Editor SAM TURKEN, Managing Editor VIR PATEL, Senior Editor ADAM BEYER, Digital Strategy Team Director IAN JAFFE, Photography Editor JACKSON PRINCE, Editorial Page Editor ALAN KO, Editorial Board Chair SYDNEY ROBERTS, Editorial Board Chair CHRISSY BECK, General Manager ISABELLE DOAN, University News Department Head BRE BRADHAM, Local & National News Head NATHAN LUZUM, Health & Science News Head SHAGUN VASHISTH, Health & Science News Head JIM LIU, News Photography Editor WILL ATKINSON, Recess Editor NINA WILDER, Recess Managing Editor SUJAL MANOHAR, Recess Photography Editor SANJEEV DASGUPTA, Sports Photography Editor MITCHELL GLADSTONE, Sports Managing Editor LEAH ABRAMS, Editorial Page Managing Editor CARLY STERN, Editorial Page Managing Editor NEAL VAIDYA, Audio Editor JAMIE COHEN, Social Media Editor JEREMY CHEN, Graphic Design Editor CLAIRE BALLENTINE, Towerview Editor JUAN BERMUDEZ, Online Photography Editor NEELESH MOORTHY, Towerview Editor NEELESH MOORTHY, Investigations Editor ABIGAIL XIE, Investigations Editor CAROLYN CHANG, Towerview Photography Editor CAROLINE BROCKETT, Recruitment Chair CLAIRE BALLENTINE, Recruitment Chair SHAGUN VASHISTH, Recruitment Chair SARAH KERMAN, Senior News Reporter KATHERINE BERKO, Senior News Reporter SAMANTHA NEAL, Senior News Reporter LEXI KADIS, Senior News Reporter BRENDA LARSON, Advertising Director JULIE MOORE, Creative Director The Chronicle is published by the Duke Student Publishing Company, Inc., a non-profit corporation independent of Duke University. The opinions expressed in this newspaper are not necessarily those of Duke University, its students, faculty, staff, administration or trustees. Unsigned editorials represent the majority view of the editorial board. Columns, letters and cartoons represent the views of the authors. To reach the Editorial Office at 301 Flowers Building, call 684-2663 or fax 684-4696. To reach the Business Office at 1517 Hull Avenue call 684-3811. To reach the Advertising Office at 2022 Campus Drive call 684-3811. One copy per person; additional copies may be purchased for .25 at The Chronicle Business office at the address above. @ 2018 Duke Student Publishing Company
raduation season is as apt a time as ever to reflect upon the formative moments that define our undergraduate experiences. I spoke with several members of the graduating Class of 2018 to ask about the good, bad and ugly aspects of their past several years. In hearing about the journeys of these peers, and sitting patiently as
Sabriyya Pate COLUMNIST they reflect, I was struck first and foremost by their astonishing degree of resiliency. That said, the five seniors I spoke with—Natalie Shammas, Claire Ballentine, Jason Ng, Aliyah Salame and Alex Sanchez Bressler—are among the most resilient individuals I have had the pleasure of meeting in our shared time at Duke. Their profiles, compiled in a three-part column series, offer instrumental reflections on how current students may conceive our remaining time in college. Claire Ballentine Gatlinburg, Tenn. native Claire Ballentine is off to work at The New York Times after graduation this Spring. This former editor of the Duke Chronicle hardly recalls her first-year self because of all the immense changes—both the controllable and uncontrollable—that have redefined her life outlook. “My life in the past four years has really taken a 180,” she recalled. Her home community was ravaged by forest fires that burned down the homes of several of her friends, and she ran for Chronicle editor just a few weeks after her mother’s passing. Still reeling in pain, she decided to dedicate her time and energy wholeheartedly to The Chronicle. In her outgoing editor column, she wrote, “after months of putting off my feelings, viewing crying as failure and telling myself that my tragedy was not unique, my emotions eventually caught up with me. But when they did, I was whole again.” She shared that the Chronicle has been and will remain the defining part of her Duke experience. “It has given me a purpose…. something I am really passionate about. The work that I have been able to do has been very meaningful.” Extracurriculars and friends are what truly make or break the Duke experience, she reflected. Though she maintains qualms with Greek organizations, she loves the powerful group of women with whom her sorority has connected her. Her advice to underclassmen? “Find the activities and extracurriculars that you are really passionate about and really devout yourself to those things.” Don’t fill spots in your resume, and by far, live in
the present. “I stressed too much during my college career... I compared myself to other people way too much,” and though she does not regret the reason why she could not (her editor position), she wishes she had gone abroad. “The biggest thing Duke has done for me—more than any class—has been The Chronicle and the opportunity to do journalism every day,” said Claire in our interview. As an alum, she will attend alumni events, donate if financially able, but also always remain critical because she knows “Duke has a lot of problems too.” When I asked Claire what advice she would give to her first year self, she answered: as crazy as it’s going to be, it’s all going to be okay. Don’t stress the little stuff. Focus on people. Relationships will always matter more. Alex Sanchez-Bressler This Texan Gender, Sexuality and Feminist Studies major says he could have used a slap across the face and a “be more caring” shouted into his face earlier during his time at Duke. Alex Sanchez-Bressler, a creative writer, is a co-founder of the Duke Men’s Project. He is grateful to have worked at the Duke Campus Farm for the opportunity it has given him to get away from campus, and his sincerity is refreshing. His freshman year, he regrettably signed up for multivariable calculus simply because “that’s what you do in high school,” and for a while he thought classes lasted from August through to May. A piece of advice Alex shared pertained to cultivating healthy relationships. Duke has taught him that friendships of convenience are notably different from friendships that add inherent, nurturing value to one’s life. The same philosophy goes to his academic work: he recently submitted his sixty-three page thesis on a topic that genuinely excites him, rather than bucking under extraneous pressures. Once while he was playing chess in Vondy during finals, a since-graduated friend came up to Alex and asked him, “is that productive?” “No. Chill,” Alex responded. In that vein, Alex knows that not everything has to be productive… especially when you are on a university campus. Alex’s advice to younger students is tri-fold: be wary of emotional labor, plug into your local community and live presently. There have been times when he has not been as careful or as accountable to people in his life emotionally as he would prefer to. But through it all, he has persisted, discovered himself and now blissfully fully enjoys giving and caring, each and every day. Sabriyya Pate is a Trinity junior.
MONDAY, MONDAY,APRIL APRIL23, 23,2018 2018 | 7
The pride and pain of being an Arabic major
Do you have any idea what’s going on?” I whispered to John, one of three other students in class that day. “Not at all.” I felt a small, but not insignificant, wave of relief. It was our 8:30 a.m. advanced Arabic class, Arabic 306, and we were reviewing the first five chapters of the novel we’d just began reading the weekend prior. Or, rather, my professor was reviewing—John and I were trying to look like we understood what was being said while frantically typing words into Google Translate on his computer screen.
Daniela Flamini COLUMNIST When I tell people I’m majoring in Arabic, or that I’m in level 300 classes this year, or that I’m “reading a novel,” I feel like I’m slightly lying. They tend to assume that I must have, by this point, attained some level of fluency. “Oh wow,” they say. “So you must be pretty good. Can you speak it?” Only other Arabic majors will know the sad, ironic pain this brings. The truth is, my most fluent sentence is probably “I don’t understand,” which I forced myself to learn because if there’s anything more embarrassing than not understanding, it’s not being able to say that you don’t understand and having to sit there looking like a red-faced idiot. There are a lot of layers of shame involved when trying to learn a language. You can fail at conjugation or pronunciation, you could not even know the words you need to
express yourself or you may misunderstand the question entirely, responding “Fish, meat or pasta” when they ask you “What do you usually eat for breakfast?” That day in class, I opted for silence. My professor had proven skillful at knowing when I was entirely out of it, and since she hadn’t yet slipped me so much as a comforting sentence in English, I assumed she wanted me to focus on listening. I started learning Arabic almost three years ago, when my freshman year advisor convinced me to try 101. It was only the second time in my life I’d ever had to learn an alphabet. Initially, classes were a blast, with 20 or so students all trying desperately to learn the basics of one of the most difficult languages for English-speakers to acquire. According to the Foreign Service Institute, Arabic ranks harder than Russian, Greek or Hindi, sharing its category only with Cantonese, Mandarin, Japanese and Korean. Needless to say, we had to have fun with it. “It’s okay to laugh,” our Egyptian TA told us during one of our discussion sections when we all broke out, cackling, at a funnysounding greeting word that I can’t recall now despite that I’ve probably reviewed it 400 times. “While I was training to be a language teacher, they told us that students would inevitably laugh at some words, since they sound so foreign to you. So it’s okay to laugh.” And so for a while, I laughed. For the first two years, I learned what it felt like to not take oneself too seriously—after all, I’d literally just learned my ABC’s, so I wasn’t too harsh about imposing limits and expectations on myself. If I could conjugate at least one verb correctly, it didn’t matter if the rest of my sentence was off. After all, this was learning,
this was what progress felt like: a series of small accomplishments within a vast amount of incomprehension. But by the time everyone finished with their language requirements and jumped ship after three semesters, there weren’t all that many people left to laugh with. There were not enough clueless Johns, with whom I could whisper in moments of confusion and frustration. There were some classes when most my effort was spent by trying not to cry, and some when even a tiny victory felt significant enough to brag about to my mom on the phone later. “So we were debating the concept of a national language in class today,” I’d recall to her excitedly, “and I was actually able to say something. Like, I told a story. And sort of made an argument. In Arabic. And then I have no idea what they responded. But I’m happy.” Other days my stories were more along the lines of, “I’m pretty sure I flunked the entire quiz, but on the written portion, there was this one paragraph that I was able to write without thinking about it that much. Like, I just wrote. In Arabic. So I’m happy.” And then there were the days when I’d call her crying, not so happy. “I just am not getting any better,” I’d whine after a bad test or particularly confusing class. “I just try and try and nothing works. I’ve been doing this for almost three years now and I’m never going to get there.” Now, the language has somehow become my major, my nightmare and my obsession, and last Thursday I wrapped it all up with my final Arabic language class at Duke. I turned in my final project, which was a series of four cartoons in Arabic that took me a little over 10 hours to complete. I’m extraordinarily
proud of it. I’m proud because eventually, I stopped caring about grades and started yearning for genuine improvement. I stopped comparing myself to my peers and keeping track of my average, and instead focused on what I needed to do to get better, even if progress felt infinitesimally slow. I’m proud because I entered Duke with the mission of learning more about the Arab world and the Middle East, and although I have yet to take any history courses, I can at least pronounce and spell the names of countries, cities and people the way they are meant to be said. And I’m proud because, for three years, I learned to swallow my pride and be bad at something until eventually I was ok at it. My accomplishments from Arabic 305 and 306 can be summed up in a few small moments of glory, which would probably pale in comparison to what I’ve accomplished in other classes. But, as my favorite author David Sedaris knows, “Understanding doesn’t mean that you can suddenly speak the language. Far from it. It’s a small step, nothing more, yet its rewards are intoxicating and deceptive.” It was only a few “ah-ha” moments that made weeks and months and years of demoralization and trekking to the John Hope Franklin Center worth it. The homework took hours. The novel took a few all-nighters. And I may still not have much of a clue as to what’s going on—but you can’t say I didn’t try. Daniela Flamini is a Trinity junior. Her column runs on alternate Mondays.
Letter to the editor: Alumni in support of Duke’s “The People’s State of the University” Dear Duke Administration, We write this letter to express our support for The People’s State of the University and their protest that occured on April 14th. We applaud student protesters’ bravery and vision for an equitable and just Duke University. While students have been relieved from disciplinary action, we demand that protest policies be updated through a transparent process that allows for future student activism without disciplinary review or penalty. Furthermore, we lift up their list of demands. Duke University’s administration must recall that student activism remains a key element in positive institutional change. If not for the Allen Building Takeovers of 1969, Occupy Allen Movement of 2016, and other calls for change, there would be fewer resources and support for students of color on campus. Time and time again, the administration has not taken action to increase equity without student protest as a catalyst. In addition, it is critical to note that this type of democratic participation aligns with the University’s mission to encourage “full [student] participation as leaders in their communities” to sustain “deep appreciation for the range of human difference and potential, a sense of the obligations and rewards of citizenship, and a commitment to learning, freedom and truth.” Accordingly, Duke must honor its mission statement by understanding student protest as fundamental in improving student, staff, and faculty experiences. As alumni, our role is to support current students, to seek to understand the challenges they face, and to advocate for vital institutional changes alongside them. We ask that the University address the alumni present at the protest for their unacceptable behavior. The University encourages alumni to engage in conversation, yet these alumni chose to curse, to boo, and to tell a student to go back to her country. As fellow Duke alumni, we condemn the behaviors of others meant to intimidate and discourage student leaders in their efforts to improve the Duke community. The efforts of student activists safeguard the rights of all Duke students to feel welcome and safe on campus. In addition, Duke Student Affairs must work with Duke Student Government and other student leaders to update their Pickets, Protests and Demonstrations policy.
Currently, the policy reads, “Disruptive picketing, protesting, or demonstrating on Duke University property or at any place in use for an authorized university purpose is prohibited.” Such a policy obstructs students from challenging the very mechanisms of the institution that withhold equity and progress. Given our current national political context, the administration should reflect on the necessity of institutional
The efforts of student activists safeguard the rights of all Duke students to feel welcome and safe on campus. support for students, staff, and faculty of color. As alumni of the University, we implore Duke University to meet the group’s list of demands, which includes implementing a $15/ hr pay for all employees, hiring faculty of color, and increasing CAPS and Duke Women’s Center funding for trauma-trained counselors and psychologists, among many others. We ask that you take the time to sit down with activists and other student leaders and execute actionable steps to address their concerns. In Solidarity, Karina Santellano, Trinity 2015 Nali Gillespie, Trinity 2015, Duke University School of Medicine 2021 Christophe Viret, Trinity 2015 Tra Tran, Trinity 2015 & Masters of Science in Global Health 2019 Jennifer Moreno, Trinity 2015 Felicia Arriaga, Trinity 2012, Duke University Sociology PhD 2018 Jessica Jara, Trinity 2017, Duke Teaching Preparation Program 2018
Leasly Salazar, Trinity 2015 Brendane Tynes, Trinity 2015 Jennifer Acosta, Trinity 2017 Destiny Hemphill, Trinity 2015 Kimberly Higuera, Trinity 2014 Brittany DuChaussee (Hesbrook), Trinity 2010 Paul Cajamarca, Trinity 2017 Elena Ashly Dudel, Trinity 2012 Emmanuela Jean-Etienne, Trinity 2014 Kristen Lee, Trinity 2013 Lexia Chadwick, Trinity 2015 Christine Contreras-Slaughter, Trinity 2011 Amy Wang, Pratt 2016 Brenda N. Onyango, Trinity 2016 Andrea Mendoza, Trinity 2015 Jonathan Hill-Rorie, Trinity 2015, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, MPH 2019 Stanley Yuan, Pratt 2016 Mayyadda Major, Trinity 2015 Lisa Wanda, Trinity 2015; UNC School of Medicine 2021 Jillian Williams, Trinity 2015 Laura Mkumba, Trinity 2015 Katherine Barahona, Trinity 2017, Emory University Rollins School of Public Health, MPH 2019 Imari Smith, Trinity 2016; UNC-Chapel HIll Gillings School of Global Public Health, MPH 2018 Edwin Coleman, Trinity 2011 Rachel White, Trinity 2014 Jocelyn Streid, Trinity 2013 José Sandoval, Trinity 2017 Jason M Maher, Trinity 2015 Cody Parrott, Trinity 2016 Kamry Goodwin, Trinity 2016 Anthony Henry, Trinity 2015 Chioma Iwelumo, Trinity 2016 Yemi Adewuyi, Trinity 2016 Martavius Parrish, Trinity 2014 Cristina Martinez, Trinity 2016 Katie Jane Fernelius, Trinity 2016 Jessica Alvarez, Trinity 2015
8 | MONDAY, APRIL 23, 2018
THINGS TO DO BEFORE YOU GRADUATE
o Run the Al-Buehler Trail at WaDuke o Cook dinner in your dorm
o Chill with the lemurs at Duke’s Lemur Center o Go to a Def-Mo show o Live it up at an SLG event
o Treat yourself to a steak dinner at Angus Barn o Bring your family members to Shooters (just make sure they leave by midnight)
o Grub for free at Midnight Breakfast o Make your own bagel sandwich
o Take a service-learning class
o Visit the Duke Marine Lab
at Monuts… then
o Meander through the Duke Gardens
o Chat with a basketball player
get a donut for
o Dip a grilled cheese into some tomato soup at the
o Run for the bus (it doesn’t count if you catch it) o Treat yourself on food points at the Commons o See the fall foliage in the Blue Ridge Mountains o Ride the bull then dance in the
Divinity Cafe o Check out local art galleries at Third Friday Durham o Buy wine or champagne on food points o Read an issue of FORM and check out The Standard o Quiz yourself at Trivia Night at Fullsteam o Grab lunch at the Law School
cage at Shooters
dessert o Show up to a frat party o Do the walk-up line for a non-UNC game o Watch a game with friends at Satisfaction o Drive through Cook-Out late night and order a milkshake
o Order The Pile at Geer Street
o Attend Me Too Monologues, All of the Above, or a
Hoof ‘n’ Horn production
o Make Dean’s List
o Play an IM sport
o Go to the activities fair as a freshman, sign-up for 10+
o See a movie at the annual Full Frame Documentary
clubs, and get spammed with emails for the next four
years o Take a dip in the ocean at Wrightsville Beach
o Treat yourself to an ice cream sandwich from Rose’s
o Host a Duke radio broadcast
Meat and Sweets Shop
o See the Pitchforks or another student a cappella
o Get a Cosmic burrito after a long night out
o Instagram the Chapel/take a Chapel selfie
o Dance for a cause at the Duke Dance Marathon
o Go “crazie” at the Duke-UNC basketball game
o Enroll in a golf class at The Washington Duke
o See a show at the Carolina Theatre
o Make it to midnight pizza on LDOC
o Travel to an away sporting event
o Indulge at The Parlour (get the advanced bowl with
o Devour chicken and waffles at Dame’s
o Go-kart at Frankie’s Fun Park o Tent in K-Ville
up to four scoops) o Take a class on a topic outside of your major that’s not a requirement o Check out the galleries at the 21c Museum Hotel o Get kicked out of Perkins at closing o Attend a Chapel service o Dress up and head to Franklin Street for Halloween o Flunch a professor o Take an impulsive trip to another college campus o Grab a burger at King’s Sandwich Shop
o Take an art class o Actually check a book out of the library o Get outside your comfort zone and study in a brandnew city for a semester o Sample local food at the Durham Farmer’s Market on Saturday o Paint your face Duke blue and show your spirit in the student section at Cameron o See the Ciompi Quartet perform at Baldwin o Tailgate for a Duke football game o See a local band play at Motorco o Go to The Nasher to check-out art exhibits, then grab brunch at the Café o Cheer on the Durham Bulls
o Sample bites at a Food Truck Rodeo o Go to a sporting event outside of Cameron or Wallace Wade o Make your way to a Carolina Hurricanes game at PNC Arena o Walk the American Tobacco District o STINF a class – we won’t ask any questions o Study in the Mary Duke Biddle Music Library o Drink at The Loop on food points o Table for a cause o Order in Jimmy John’s or Heavenly Buffaloes after 2 a.m. o Catch a concert at Cat’s Cradle o Play volleyball on central o Attend a rally o Drink out of a famous blue cup at He’s Not Here in Chapel Hill o Grab breakfast on 9th St. at Happy and Hale or Elmo’s o Watch live music at the Coffeehouse o See an event at DPAC o Go to O-week after your freshman year
o Go wild at beach week in Myrtle Beach o Study in the Gothic Reading Room o Explore the tunnels on East Campus o Study at Cocoa Cinnamon o Run around the East Campus loop o Swim in the Central pool o Cut your own pizza at Pompieri o Attend summer session o Re-visit your freshman year dorm o Explore the Duke Basketball Museum o Climb to the top of the Chapel o Hike to Eno Quarry and swim o Challenge yourself through DukeEngage o Enjoy Jazz at the Mary Lou Williams Center o Taste authentic southern BBQ at The Pit or Q-Shack o Don’t fall behind at Duke – sign up for The Chronicle’s weekly email blast at thebluedirt.com o Read an issue of The Chronicle cover-to-cover