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Duke EMS to resume operations Senior News Reporter

Duke Emergency Medical Services has been resuscitated after a two-semester break. Student-run Duke EMS will partner with Duke LifeFlight—an emergency transport service based at Duke Hospital—to provide event medical services at basketball and football games next semester, said junior Spencer Flynn, director of Duke EMS. When the service was shut down last September with Durham County EMS taking over full-time, Duke EMS reached out to the Duke Hospital administration. After several meetings and negotiations, they are now finalizing the details of the merger, Flynn said. “Duke EMS has been in continuous service for about 24 years since 1995, so it was very difficult for all of us to hear that we were at least going to be temporarily out of service, losing the medical oversight of Durham County [Emergency Medical Services],” Flynn said. “We are a very proud organization— both of the educational experience we offer to our members and also [of] the value we provide to the Duke community through our medical skills.” Up until last Fall, Duke EMS operated under Durham County EMS. But Durham County had unreasonable expectations for Duke’s student volunteers, wrote John Dailey—chief of the Duke University Police Department—in an email to The Chronicle in September 2017. “[Durham County wanted] Duke EMS to operate 24/7/365 and meet local educational See EMS on Page 6

SEN. BERNIE SANDERS SPEAKS AT CHAPEL Joined by Rev. William Barber II, Sanders discusses the challenges of a “moral economy” By Jake Satisky Staff Reporter

Two of the biggest preachers of the American progressive movement took to the Duke Chapel Thursday night, but this was no rosy sermon. Exactly three months after originally scheduled, Bernie Sanders and William Barber II spoke at Duke and argued that the United States isn’t doing nearly enough to promote economic equality. “A moral economy is one that says, in the wealthiest country in the history of the world, all of our people should be able to live with dignity and security,” said Sanders, the longest serving independent in congressional history and 2016 Democratic presidential candidate. Barber, a reverend who graduated from Duke Divinity School and formerly led the North Carolina NAACP, agreed with Sanders, noting that for a nation that claims to hold deeply

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religious values, the United States neglects to properly care for its less fortunate. He quoted the North Carolina Constitution, the U.S. Constitution and the teachings of Jesus to reinforce the point that elected officials put their hands on the Bible and swear an oath to defend the Constitution. “We have to change our domestic policy agenda or stop lying,” Barber, who now runs the non-profit Repairers of the Breach, proclaimed. “We can’t have it both ways!” The event, entitled “The Enduring Challenge of a Moral Economy,” honored the 50th anniversary of Martin Luther King Jr.’s assassination. Perhaps it was fitting then that the talk took place in April, suggested panel moderator and Dean of the Chapel Luke Powery—King was assassinated fifty Aprils ago. Both speakers spoke reverently about King’s achievements, remarking that he not only fought for desegregation but also the end of poverty, or a See SANDERS on Page 6

Faculty sign letter against disciplinary action for protesters By Isabelle Doan University News Editor

More than 60 faculty members have signed a letter urging administrators not to pursue disciplinary action against students who protested Saturday. Stephen Bryan, associate dean of students and director of the Office of Student Conduct, sent an email Monday to students involved in Saturday’s disruption of President Vincent Price’s address to alumni, stating that OSC is “launching an inquiry into this matter in order to determine whether to proceed with possible university disciplinary action.” William Chafe, Alice Mary Baldwin professor emeritus of history, and Robert Korstad, professor of public policy and history, announced Thursday evening that dozens of faculty members have signed on to a letter they wrote asking the administration not to punish the students. “As teachers of undergraduates here at Duke University, we, the undersigned faculty members,

urge the Duke administration not to pursue disciplinary action against those who took part in student protests at the Reunion week-end on April 14th,” the letter states, with original emphasis. “Rather, we propose that discussions proceed over the next six months to find common ground on how to address the issues that were raised.” The letter—addressed to President Vincent Price, Provost Sally Kornbluth and Deans Valerie Ashby, Kelly Brownell, Arlie Petters and Ravi Bellamkonda—asks administrators “to try to resolve these issues through discussion [rather] than to risk continued conflict between students and the university’s administration.” “A remarkable similarity exists between the demands of the Vigil Class of 1968, the demands made by black students the next year, and the demands made by student protestors every few years since then, including in 2016 and 2018,” the letter states. A list of the faculty who have signed the letter can be found online at

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Bre Bradham | Associate Photography Editor After leaving the stage at Saturday’s protest, the students gathered on the Chapel’s steps.

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Bass Connections report recommends Duke engage with its ties to slavery, create new memory sites By Bre Bradham Local and National News Editor

Before Duke became “Duke”—before it had a towering Chapel, labyrinth floors of expansive libraries or five men’s basketball national championships—it was Trinity College in Randolph County. And at Trinity College, worked George Wall. Wall, a former slave, was hired at the school in 1870 as a fourteen-year-old boy by thenPresident Braxton Craven. He was a janitor and bell-ringer, and when Trinity relocated to Durham County at the behest of the Dukes, Wall went with it. His son, George Frank Wall, grew up helping his father clean and later worked in a dining hall at the school. Although a quadrangle on West Campus is named after Craven, you won’t find a memorial to George or his son on Duke’s campus. It’s stories like these—like the labor of George Wall and the complex racial history of Braxton Craven—and how Duke has memorialized the work of white men more often than other groups on which a report and website released today seek to shed light. The 100-page report, titled “Activating History for Justice at Duke,” was compiled by a Bass Connections team called Constructing Memory at Duke under the aegis of Robin Kirk, co-chair of the Duke Human Rights Center. By analyzing 327 sites throughout Duke’s campus, the group exposes the narratives of what stories Duke has chosen to memorialize. Through a story bank, the team aims to make more diverse parts of Duke history accessible to the public, and the students recommend specific sites and stories for Duke to create. In addition to being released so closely to Duke’s 50-year anniversary of the Silent Vigil, the report also comes out on a week where the national dialogue about memory is again being brought to the foreground of conversation. A controversial statue of a doctor who performed experiments on enslaved women was recently removed from Central Park in New York, and Princeton University announced Tuesday that it will name two prominent places on campus for enslaved people.

Kirk said that the idea for the project came from her human rights work and that the team hopes the report helps community members learn about Duke’s history and start conversations about their recommendations. “But I’d like to point out that our report is unique. Along with Duke’s ties to slavery, we also take on Duke’s ties to white supremacy and discrimination in the 20th century. We also wanted to show what our campus could be, with new sites and initiatives that address the past and also lift up other forebears,” she wrote in an email. “Ultimately, we lay out a profoundly hopeful vision for what our campus could be.”

rather a call for more. “We just need more,” Yu said. “A lot more.”

The stories left untold Although the data captures the blunt force of the report, a majority of its pages and a core part of its mission is offering an accessible version of the stories not told by the memory sites currently on Duke’s campus. The report tells the story of Caroline, the slave Washington Duke bought in 1855 for $601, and how both Duke and Julian Carr— who donated the land East Campus is built on and is the namesake of the Carr Building on that campus—were Confederate veterans. By the numbers Unlike Carr, Duke joined the Republican The group of students involved in the project Party, which politically pitted him against digitally mapped and categorized a total of 327 Democrats like Craven, Carr and John sites. Senior Helen Yu, a member of the Bass Franklin Crowell, who became president of Connections team who was heavily involved the institution in 1887. with the digital mapping and data analysis, It also points out “history deserts”— noted that even that is not a complete survey. spaces that are not being utilized to share “What we have is a snapshot. It’s not history or art—like Central Campus and the at all comprehensive and is temporally new dorm on East. dependent,” she said. “But a snapshot does The story bank portion of the report presents tell you things.” more than two dozen According to the short histories, report, 202 of those sites Ultimately, we lay out a including passages on recognize men and 47 profoundly hopeful vision for the workers in Duke’s recognize women, with tobacco warehouses the other 78 recognizing what our campus could be. and about the Ku combined groups. Only robin kirk Klux Klan murders two were categorized as CO-CHAIR OF THE DUKE HUMAN RIGHTS CENTER in Greensboro that recognizing LGBTQ+ IN THE FRANKLIN HUMANITIES INSTITUTE included among the individuals, and most dead two individuals represented either with ties to Duke. donors—111—or faculty—129. Only eight It also tells the story of the “Secret Game” sites represented staff members, and only nine in 1944, when the Medical School’s all-white represented international individuals. intramural basketball team was beaten 88-44 The sites also overwhelmingly represented by what would later become known as North white people. White individuals were recognized Carolina Central University. by 231 of the sites, while the people’s race in 71 Junior Mary Aline Fertin, a member of the sites was unknown. Only 15 sites represented Bass Connections team, said that one of the black people, four represented Asian people stories that stood out to her was that of Mary, and one represented an American Indian. The Persis and Theresa Giles. other five sites were broadly categorized under “They were some incredible women. They “people of color.” took classes at Trinity College before it became Yu noted the report is not meant to be a a women’s school,” Fertin said. “They enrolled knock on the memorials Duke does have, but unofficially, paid their own tuition and worked



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as teachers on the side.” Mumbi Kanyogo is also a junior and a member of the team. She said she found Duke’s treatment of LGBTQ+ students—specifically the Duke police arresting more than 60 individuals who were profiled as gay—and Native Americans the most surprising in a negative way. On the flip-side, Kanyogo said she was happily surprised by the rich history of student activism. In addition to the story bank, the report also recommends specific new proposed sites for the University to consider creating. A mosaic in the Divinity School would tell the story of Duke’s first labor union. A statue dedicated to Caroline would tell the story of Washington Duke’s slave. A globe held up by a hand at the Bryan Center plaza would represent the controversy that stemmed from a Chronicle ad in 2001. Five statues of the first five black students to matriculate at Duke in Craven Quadrangle and a “speaker’s circle” in front of the Allen Building are also proposed, along with pillars on East Campus to honor the Giles sisters and a bulletin board exhibit in the Brodhead Center to recognize Student Action with Farmworkers. Finally, a plaque in Hudson Hall would recognize Duke’s first female engineering students. “The first thing I want the Duke community to do is to kind of take on an intentional commitment to look at whose stories we are telling and how,” Fertin said. Administrative and community response Some administrators and student groups had drafts of the report shared with them prior to its release. Provost Sally Kornbluth wrote in an email that the report represents the impact Bass Connections projects can have outside of the classroom, and commended the students for their work. She said the report provides important foundational information to be used as changes are considered. “The report is thoughtful and offers multiple avenues for future discussion,” she wrote. “The recommendations will be given See REPORT on Page 6

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FRIDAY, APRIL 20, 2018 | 3

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income blacks and whites and Latinos and Native Americans and Asian Americans FROM PAGE 1 together to change the national priorities of this country,” Sanders said. moral economy. Sanders also mentioned young people’s Sanders echoed many of the issues he enthusiasm for standing up for justice, as raised on the campaign trail—the minimum did Barber. wage is too low, there are too many people live The reverend emphasized throughout without healthcare, America spends too much the conversation that a moral economy money on its military and there is too much cannot come about without a “moral fusion money in politics. agenda.” For example, white people must He called Congressmen “way, way, way talk about voting rights while black people out of touch” because they are “listening to must discuss economic concerns. wealthy campaign contributors and not to Barber believed this sort of agenda can their constituents.” certainly flourish in Barber took the United States. Sanders’s point even We are a common humanity, Barber described further, denouncing and when we stand together, a young woman in the Supreme Court’s Seattle who pledged 2010 ruling in we can do incredible things for to join his Poor “Citizens United the world. People’s Campaign v. Federal Election because, as he Commission” that bernie sanders noted she said, “‘I allowed corporations SENATOR am the white trash to spend unlimited that these rich funds for political Americans forgot campaigns, while also mocking the media’s to burn.’” sensationalist habits. Sanders echoed the idea of people “Every night on CNN we talk about Stormy coming together around what they have in [Daniels], every night,” Barber said. “The most common instead of dividing by what makes pornographic thing that has happened in them different. America was the illicit relationship between the “Our job is to rethink the limitations Supreme Court and big business that produced that are placed on our lives about what Citizens United.” we can accomplish,” he declared. “We are At the same time, however, both men a common humanity, and when we stand possessed plenty of hope that real change together, we can do incredible things for is forthcoming. Sanders said repeatedly the world.” that the vast majority of Americans The event was opened with a song session support progressive reforms in healthcare, led by singer and activist Yara Allen. She had immigration, taxation and the criminal justice the whole audience stand up and sing with her system—they just have to be brought together. to “This Little Light of Mine” and an original He referenced King’s work to alleviate poverty call-and-response song. for all people as a model. “Somebody’s hurting my brother, and it’s “In the last months of his life, what he gone on far too long, and we won’t be silent was talking about was the need to bring low anymore,” she sang.

REPORT FROM PAGE 2 serious consideration.” Don Taylor, professor of public policy and chair of Academic Council, noted the value of an academic approach to the issue. “I enjoyed reading the draft and learned a lot from it. We need to better understand our past so that we can discuss what it means for us today—Duke, Durham, North Carolina and the South,” Taylor wrote in an email. “The best way for us to proceed is as scholars, with faculty and students joined together in this enterprise.” Michael Schoenfeld, vice president for public affairs and government relations, noted that Duke evolved from a succession of very different institutions in a part of the country that has seen significant changes over time. “The University has sought to identity and illuminate those histories over the years, and this report is an important contribution to that work,” Schoenfeld wrote in an email. “With the Commission on Memory and History, President [Vincent] Price has encouraged an ongoing community-wide deliberation on these matters that will be greatly informed by what the students have brought to light.” Some student leaders and groups were also shown the report, including senior Elizabeth Barahona, who served as president of Mi Gente this school year. She wrote in an email that the report, like recent student protests, is an active reminder that the Duke community must continue working at providing adequate resources for those in the community and honoring the students, staff and faculty that have improved Duke. She wrote in an email that it’s important to consider memorials like statues and building names in the context of their history.

“The fact that we have memorials at Duke that publicly honor and/or celebrate white supremacists is shameful of the university administration,” she wrote. “Even more shameful, is that we see these statues and say these names every day without even knowing their history.” Yu said the team spent lots of time studying the effects of remembering traumas and the uglier sides of institutional histories. She added that she hopes the report results in tangible outcomes—“physical things in prominent places that rival the story being told now”—and wants to see more of an institutional emphasis on history to make it accessible. “Memory is not an objective thing,” Yu said. “And it’s not a monolith either.”

EMS FROM PAGE 1 requirements, both of which are very challenging with the academic workload of our student volunteers,” he wrote. Flynn noted that the main benefit of the new merger will be a “more direct connection to Duke.” Duke LifeFlight will be able to provide students with “more direct medical oversight...and mentorship” than Durham County EMS. In addition, Duke Hospital Emergency Department will support students’ continued emergency medicine education. Although Flynn said he was excited for the new partnership, he expressed disappointment that Duke EMS will no longer operate as a 911 response agency. He added that Duke EMS hopes to expand its services beyond event medicine as they explore the new partnership. “We are very excited to be able to work with Duke LifeFlight and to begin practicing our skills, especially after a two-semesterlong break,” Flynn said.

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FRIDAY, APRIL 20, 2018



Blue Devils return from 2-game road trip to face Marquette in final tuneup before ACC tournament By Philip Coons Associate Sports Editor

Marquette runs into a red-hot Duke offensive machine on Friday night. The No. 3 Blue Devils return to action Friday at Koskinen Stadium at 7 p.m. against the Golden Eagles. Fresh off a two-game road trip, Duke has Marq. won three straight vs. games, including a No. 3 big victory against Duke ACC foe Virginia in FRIDAY, 7 p.m. Charlottesville, Va., last Koskinen Stadium weekend. The Blue Devils beat the Cavaliers 18-13, with senior Justin Guterding leading the way with nine total points. The win clinched the No. 2 seed in the ACC Tournament for Duke next weekend, when the Blue Devils will compete for the ACC title back in Charlottesville before returning to Durham to play Boston University in their regular-season finale. Marquette will provide a stiff challenge for Duke. The Golden Eagles came back from a four-goal deficit in the fourth quarter to squeeze out a win against Providence last week, and junior attackman John Wagner scored three goals in two minutes to tie the game up. Freshman Griffin Fleming capped the furious rally to put Marquette on top. Wagner has five game-winners in the Golden Eagles’ six victories, with 25 goals and eight assists this season. “They are as tough and as gritty as you will find in Division I,” Danowski said. “The

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Justin Guterding had a hat trick in last season’s win against Marquette and is coming off a nine-point performance last week at Virginia. program is used to overachieving. They are used to being successful and are used to playing hard all the time regardless of the score. That’s why they come back from four-goal deficits like last week.... You know they are going to compete Friday for 60 minutes.” Last season, Marquette fell to Duke 11-7 in the closest game yet between the two programs. Guterding led the way for the Blue Devils with a hat trick. Golden Eagle head coach Joe Amplo played for Duke head coach John Danowski at Hofstra and later served under him as an assistant coach after graduating.

The Blue Devils (11-2) will look to maintain their momentum for a fourth straight win against Marquette. Guterding continues to pace the offense with 43 goals and 34 assists, which is now good for second on the Duke all-time scoring list. The Blue Devils have been holding opponents to an average of only 8.0 goals a game. Marquette (6-5) has only been averaging 8.4 goals per game, so look for the Blue Devil defense to clamp down on Wagner and his offensive cohorts early and often. Another factor keeping Duke rolling the

last few weeks is the two-headed monster at the faceoff X of freshman Joe Stein and sophomore Brian Smyth. In the last eight games, the Blue Devils have had a faceoff percentage of .576. Last week against Virginia, Stein won 13-of21 contests and picked up five crucial ground balls. Smyth won a faceoff and took it down the field for a goal in the third quarter to increase the Blue Devil lead, and the two younger faceoff men have improved dramatically in a short time period this season. “For two guys with not a lot of experience, they’ve really done a great job,” Danowski said. “Certainly surpassed what we thought they were capable of doing because we didn’t know what they were capable of. Practice is one thing, but games are another thing. We also know that each time out, it’s a matter of matchups, and I think they have to continue to work hard and get better.” The matchup for Stein and Smyth won’t be easy Friday, as Marquette brings some ammunition of its own to the center of the field. Senior faceoff specialist Zachary Melillo has won his matchups at a 69.2 percent clip since returning from injury March 31. In a big matchup against Villanova earlier this spring, Mellillo went 17-for-26. After Duke faces Marquette, it will turn its attention to the ACC tournament next weekend. “At this time of the year, you hope that you learn from your mistakes and that you’re healthy,” Danowski said. “Hopefully the team stays healthy and we continue to get better, week after week. You hope that [these games] bring out the best in that competitive spirit and fire.”


Duke hosts N.C. State in critical top-10 series By Derek Saul Staff Reporter

A battle for the top spot in the ACC will take place this weekend between No. 2 N.C. State and No. 8 Duke at Jack Coombs Field. The Blue Devils will host the Wolfpack for three games Friday through Sunday to wrap up a gauntlet of six straight No. 2 contests against topNCSU 15 opponents, looking vs. to bounce back from a disappointing 9-2 loss No. 8 Duke Tuesday night to No. 11 East Carolina. The first FRIDAY, 6 p.m. pitch Friday will be at 6 Jack Coombs Field p.m., and Saturday and Sunday’s games are set to start at 1. Perhaps more disappointing than the outcome of Tuesday’s game was the manner in which Duke lost the game—numerous errors and baserunning blunders led to the team’s ultimate defeat. These were uncharacteristic

of the Blue Devils, as head coach Chris Pollard and his squad pride themselves on their strong defense and discipline. “There were definitely things that happened in the course of the ballgame on Tuesday that we spent time addressing in practice,” Pollard said. “There are things we can do better, but at this point of the year, we don’t spend a lot of time addressing physical mistakes, because they happen, although we haven’t had many. But I thought there were areas of the game that we could have controlled better than we did.” Although Duke (30-8, 12-5 in the ACC) seems poised to bounce back from a singular disappointing performance and has not lost back-to-back games all year, the Wolfpack will certainly make matters difficult. N.C. State (29-7, 13-5) has not lost a series in 2018 and is coming off of a dominant 8-3 victory against rival No. 19 North Carolina. See BASEBALL on Page 9

Jonah Sinclair | Associate Photography Editor

Junior Jimmy Herron has been effective in the leadoff spot for Duke this year, getting on base at the highest rate of any of the team’s starters.

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8 | FRIDAY, APRIL 20, 2018


Duke faces Tar Heels with first place in ACC at stake By Winston Lindqwister Associate Sports Editoe

Facing their last home weekend of the regular season, Duke still has a chance to secure the ACC regular-season title. And with the toughest test of their dualmatch season standing between them and the crown, the Blue Devils will need to dig deep to come out on top this weekend. No. 4 Duke will take on top-ranked North No. 1 UNC Carolina and Virginia vs. Tech this weekend at home at Ambler Tennis No. 4 Duke Stadium. Starting with the Tar Heels Friday at FRIDAY, 6 p.m. 6 p.m., the Blue Devils Ambler Tennis Stadium will face tough matches Virginia at every court, with sole possession of first Tech vs. place in the ACC in the balance. Duke will No. 4 then take on the Hokies Duke Sunday at noon to close SUNDAY, Noon out its regular season. Ambler Tennis Stadium “Our biggest thing is that we want to relax and have fun and let the results take care of themselves,” Blue Devil head coach Jamie Ashworth said. “We played [North Carolina] in February earlier in the year and we felt that we really left some chances on the court and left some opportunities on the court, but we were able to learn a lot from that. The fact that we could compete with the best team in the country…

there’s no fear in playing that match.” Duke (19-2, 11-1 in the ACC) has not taken down North Carolina since 2014, and it will be crucial for the Blue Devils to start off strong and secure the doubles point early against the Tar Heels. North Carolina (22-2, 11-1) has notched six straight wins since its loss against Georgia Tech in late March. In that time, the Tar Heels have dropped the doubles point just once, oftentimes sweeping the wide courts 2-0 early on. Sporting the top-ranked tandem in the nation of Jessie Aney and Alexa Graham as well as the No. 23 duo of Alle Sanford and Sara Daavettila, North Carolina consistently nabs an early lead and then translates that success into singles, creating an advantage that most teams have struggled to break through. Although Duke boasts the No. 6 duo of senior Samantha Harris and freshman Kelly Chen as well as the No. 9 tandem of Ellyse Hamlin and Kaitlyn McCarthy, the Blue Devils have had a history of struggling at the outset. In their 4-2 loss to the Yellow Jackets as well as their 4-2 victory against Syracuse just last week, Duke struggled to find a rhythm and ultimately found themselves behind heading into singles. For the Blue Devils to take the crucial doubles point, they may have to fall back on their Court 3 duo of sophomore Meible Chi and freshman Hannah Zhao to take down the Tar Heel tandem of Chloe Ouellet-Pizer and Marika Akkerman. “We have to play our doubles with no fear,” Ashworth said. “In saying that and talking to the

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Freshman Kelly Chen still hasn’t lost an ACC singles match this year and has been shuffled between the No. 3 and No. 4 spots in Duke’s lineup. girls this week, we can’t have a fear of missing. If we do the right things and we miss, that’s fine—as long as we understand that we can’t be afraid to go after our shots and afraid to move and afraid to be active. Early in the matches against what we have coming up this weekend with Virginia Tech and UNC and looking forward into next weekend, we have to establish ourselves early in the matches as having no fear.” Although doubles has proven to be shaky, Duke more than makes up for it with firepower on the singles courts. No. 4 Harris is the Blue Devils’ headliner,

wreaking havoc on Court 1 with an 8-2 record in ACC play including resume wins against No. 5 Gabriela Knutson and No. 18 Carly Touly. She will likely be pitted against either 11thranked Makenna Jones or No. 24 Sanford, but Harris has proven repeatedly that top-ranked competition does not faze her. Backing up the Duke senior will be 29thranked Chen. Usually bouncing between Court 3 and Court 4, the Cerritos, Calif., native is undefeated in ACC play. Chen has only played one See W. TENNIS on Page 9

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W. TENNIS FROM PAGE 8 ranked opponent in that span, though, and with a likely matchup against either No. 40 Daavettila or No. 82 Aney, the Blue Devil freshman can’t let the Tar Heels steal a win. “We’ve got to play to win and really take it to them,” Harris said. “Previously, we’ve been really defensive and not wanting to miss, but I think we’ve just got to go with the mindset of being aggressive and taking the first opportunity.” Although Duke has plenty of firepower from its two star players, as well as consistently strong performances from No. 81 Chi and Hamlin, the real advantage North Carolina has comes from its robust middle and lower courts. Sporting a singles lineup that boasts top-125 players at all six positions, the secret to the Tar Heels’ success has been crushing Courts 3-6. With McCarthy, Chi and Hamlin having little

to no experience against ranked opposition through ACC play, they will be in for their biggest challenges of the season Friday. Duke’s matchup against North Carolina will require a herculean effort, but the Blue Devils will likely have a reprieve against Virginia Tech (12-9, 3-9). Battling in the bottom quadrant of the ACC, the Hokies lack major threats in both singles and doubles. Although No. 63 Natalie Novotna is their best player—going toe-to-toe with some of the ACC’s best at No. 1 singles— Duke has more depth than Virginia Tech and should have an easier match before heading into the ACC tournament. But for now, all eyes are on the Tar Heels. “We always have great matches [with North Carolina],” Harris said. “Our first match earlier this year was a really close match and we match up really well, so I’m just really excited to be able to compete with them again, especially playing for a regular-season ACC title.”

Evan Mapes | Associate Photography Editor

Freshman Joey Loperfido leads the Blue Devils with a .328 batting average.

his more potent teammates. “You have to play your game. If you start FROM PAGE 7 pitching guys differently based on power The Wolfpack have preyed on opposing numbers or on the ballpark, you can get pitchers this season. Their .893 team OPS is yourself in trouble,” Pollard said. “You have to downright gaudy—to put it in perspective, go out and play to your strengths, and that’s Duke’s formidable offense has tallied a .778 something we’ll try to continue to do.” OPS, and the Blue Devils’ pitching staff has Duke is in the midst of certainly the most yielded a .659 OPS. Although Doak Field, difficult part of its regular season. The Blue N.C. State’s home stadium, is certainly a Devils swept then-No. 9 Florida State in a rainhitters’ park, the team’s offensive numbers shortened series last weekend before the loss are nothing to sneeze at. to the Pirates earlier this week. This stretch The Wolfpack’s high-octane offense has of opponents has been atypical compared to been powered by, well, power. Brett Kinneman, Duke’s strength of schedule, which ranks just Will Wilson, and Evan Edwards all have 134th nationally. double-digit home run totals, and the trio all Perhaps the Blue Devils will be able to are among the top 10 in slugging percentage silence their detractors and prove that their in the ACC. The Wolfpack’s 56 home runs lead record and ranking are not merely a product The New Times Corporation the conference, andYork despite his Syndication lesser powerSales of feasting on lesser opponents—they stand 620 Eighth Avenue, New York, N.Y. numbers, leadoff hitter Jimmy McLain is first at an10018 impressive 17-0 mark against opponents For Information Call: 1-800-972-3550 in the ACC in hits, setting the table nicely for 20, outside For For Release Release Thursday, Friday, April April 19, 2018 2018of the top 100 in RPI.


Charles York | Associate Photography Editor Samantha Harris has beaten two top-20 opponents in ACC play as Duke’s top singles player.

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Recess ~ today!

What Bernie’s 2020 slogan should be:

Bern the swamp: �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� doanut Changing the world 1 percent at a time: ��������������������������������������������� hankthetank I’m retiring: ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� likhithabanana Make the 99 percent great again: ��������������������������������������������������������������� wayland

Sportswrap ~ today!

Student Advertising Manager: ������������������������������������������������������������Megan Bowen Student Marketing Manager: ���������������������������������������������������������������������Lizzy Pott Account Representatives: ������������������������������Brittany Amano, Griffin Carter, TJ Cole, Paul Dickinson, Jack Forlines, Matt Gendell, Francis L’Esperance, Jack Lubin, Gabriela Martinez-Moure, Jake Melnick, Spencer Perkins, Brendan Quinlan, Levi Rhoades, Rebecca Ross, Jake Schulman, Matt Zychowski Creative Services: �������������������������������������������������� Rachael Murtagh, Myla Swallow Student Business Manager ����������������������������������������������� Will Deseran, Dylan Riley

FRIDAY, APRIL 20, 2018 | 9


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The Chronicle

Duke of past, present and future Coming right after the controversial events of Duke’s most recent reunion weekend, incoming members of the University’s most recent undergraduate class have arrived on campus this week for Blue Devil Days, marking the end of a whirlwind of major university events during April. The last major month of the academic year, April represents a rare time when past, present and future members of the Duke community converge upon this campus to interact with the institution. Reflecting on the tumultuous events of previous Aprils over the last few years, it is also a month filled with celebration of the University’s future, as admitted students are presented with hopeful visions of their lives within Duke’s gothic architecture and glass boxes. The usual celebration and festivities of reunion weekend this year were punctuated by significant discontent and unrest. Last weekend, on the 50th anniversary of the Silent Vigil, student protesters took the stage during President Price’s address to alumni to demand a number of institutional changes, including higher wages for Duke employees, greater transparency by the Board of Trustees and greater support for mental health and victims of sexual assault. This is not the first time that alumni and prospective student weekends have coincided with campus controversies. In 2016, Blue Devil Days took place during a

onlinecomment “What you did, regardless of your stated motivations, is a form of bullying. You are lucky that the people you were trying to bully were too restrained to use violence against you.” —Gus Barkley, on “Why we demonstrate,” published on Apr. 17, 2018

LETTERS POLICY The Chronicle welcomes submissions in the form of letters to the editor or guest columns. Submissions must include the author’s name, signature, department or class, and for purposes of identification, phone number and local address. Letters should not exceed 325 words; contact the editorial department for information regarding guest columns. The Chronicle will not publish anonymous or form letters or letters that are promotional in nature. The Chronicle reserves the right to edit letters and guest columns for length, clarity and style and the right to withhold letters based on the discretion of the editorial page editor.

Est. 1905

The Chronicle commentary

10 | FRIDAY, APRIL 20, 2018

Direct submissions to: E-mail: Editorial Page Department The Chronicle Box 90858, Durham, NC 27708 Phone: (919) 684-2663 Fax: (919) 684-4696

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LIKHITHA BUTCHIREDDYGARI, Editor HANK TUCKER, Sports Editor KENRICK CAI, News Editor SAM TURKEN, Managing Editor VIR PATEL, Senior Editor ADAM BEYER, Digital Strategy Team Director IAN JAFFE, Photography Editor JACKSON PRINCE, Editorial Page Editor ALAN KO, Editorial Board Chair SYDNEY ROBERTS, Editorial Board Chair CHRISSY BECK, General Manager ISABELLE DOAN, University News Department Head BRE BRADHAM, Local & National News Head NATHAN LUZUM, Health & Science News Head SHAGUN VASHISTH, Health & Science News Head JIM LIU, News Photography Editor WILL ATKINSON, Recess Editor NINA WILDER, Recess Managing Editor SUJAL MANOHAR, Recess Photography Editor SANJEEV DASGUPTA, Sports Photography Editor MITCHELL GLADSTONE, Sports Managing Editor LEAH ABRAMS, Editorial Page Managing Editor CARLY STERN, Editorial Page Managing Editor NEAL VAIDYA, Audio Editor JAMIE COHEN, Social Media Editor JEREMY CHEN, Graphic Design Editor CLAIRE BALLENTINE, Towerview Editor JUAN BERMUDEZ, Online Photography Editor NEELESH MOORTHY, Towerview Editor NEELESH MOORTHY, Investigations Editor ABIGAIL XIE, Investigations Editor CAROLYN CHANG, Towerview Photography Editor CAROLINE BROCKETT, Recruitment Chair CLAIRE BALLENTINE, Recruitment Chair SHAGUN VASHISTH, Recruitment Chair SARAH KERMAN, Senior News Reporter KATHERINE BERKO, Senior News Reporter SAMANTHA NEAL, Senior News Reporter LEXI KADIS, Senior News Reporter BRENDA LARSON, Advertising Director JULIE MOORE, Creative Director The Chronicle is published by the Duke Student Publishing Company, Inc., a non-profit corporation independent of Duke University. The opinions expressed in this newspaper are not necessarily those of Duke University, its students, faculty, staff, administration or trustees. Unsigned editorials represent the majority view of the editorial board. Columns, letters and cartoons represent the views of the authors. To reach the Editorial Office at 301 Flowers Building, call 684-2663 or fax 684-4696. To reach the Business Office at 1517 Hull Avenue call 684-3811. To reach the Advertising Office at 2022 Campus Drive call 684-3811. One copy per person; additional copies may be purchased for .25 at The Chronicle Business office at the address above. @ 2018 Duke Student Publishing Company

week-long student-led occupation of the Allen Building. Their demands included a call for the removal of Executive Vice President Tallman Trask and other top administrators, an investigation into discriminatory behavior by the University’s Parking and Transportation Services as well as a livable wage for all Duke employees. In April 2015, students engaged in marches and demonstrations after a noose was found hanging from the Bryan Center Plaza and a student reported being the target of a racist chant. The protests sparked a campus-wide dialogue on reforming University policies on hate speech to better

Editorial Board address racial discrimination and bias, as well as on remedying the forms of discrimination students of color experience at Duke. As alumni and prospective students arrive on campus, this month presents a rare moment of convergence between past, present and future members of the Duke community. Yet as these different stakeholders come face-to-face with student activists, it is also an opportunity for collective reflection and reckoning. Amidst the rosy nostalgia of alumni reunions and the giddy

optimism of Blue Devil Days, these protests serve as a sharp reminder of the problems that plague the University in the present and the work that still needs to be accomplished. For prospective and current students, these moments serve as a chance to learn about how the Duke community debates, organizes and acts to address its shortcomings. No university is free of flaws, but the ways institutions act to overcome flaws can be telling. We encourage prospective Blue Devils to learn, ask and read about Duke’s current campus politics, and how they may be affected by the outcomes of these dialogues should they choose to join this community. For alumni, their direct interactions with protestors this week served as a reminder of their power and responsibility to influence the direction of the University. As with previous campus controversies, alumni reactions to campus events can shape the tone and direction of subsequent dialogues. We urge alumni to think critically about how the needs of the University have changed from the past, and how their support or opposition will influence present and future student experiences at Dear Old Duke. This editorial is dedicated to Hannah Wang (Class of 2018), the dedicated scribe for dozens of editorials for The Chronicle. Your editorial voice will be dearly missed.

Students storm Bryan Center Plaza to protest noods Amidst the excitement (and crowds) of alumni weekend and Blue Devil Days, approximately a third of the student body can be found on the Bryan Center Plaza at any given time between 11 and 1 on any weekday. Hoards of students groups are seen tabling on the plaza, yelling “DO YOU CARE ABOUT CHILDREN/AIDS/THE ENVIRONMENT?” to their peers who are looking at their phones and pretending that they don’t recognize the tabler from their freshman year seminar. While crudely drawn signs and one table with a Beats Pill are usually attractive enough the draw a large crowd to the plaza, this past week, a different event created a frenzy on the plaza.

Friday Friday TRUTH BE TOLD On Tuesday, a group of students stormed the plaza, interrupting an impromptu Swing Dance performance to a mash-up of “Hound Dog” and “Hips Don’t Lie” to protest the lack of good macand-cheese on campus. The student group, dressed in bright orange and carrying posters with phrases such as, “Use your noodle: get us the mac we deserve” and “It’s not too cheesy: we want mac,” stood in the center of the plaza where they protested for 15 minutes before leaving to make their 1:25 classes. Their central list of demands, which enumerates the current mac and cheese options on campus and their problematic natures, is detailed below. The Chronicle obtained this information via a list written in Velveeta anonymously on the side of the Chapel. The Krafting of the University: 1. ABP Mac Perhaps the biggest offender to the state of mac and cheese at this university is the puny excuse for mac and cheese that is served at the fast casual French dining restaurant Au Bon Pain. The waxy substance sits in a metal vat all day, waiting for students to pass up the healthier soups surrounding it, in favor of overcooked shells and processed, oily sauce. There are few foods on campus than incur such negative judgement from passerbys as ABP mac and cheese. The foundation of ABP is bread -- how can they mess up the convergence of bread and cheese so terribly? Duke students deserve better. 2. Farmstead Mac Oh, sweet, sweet Farmstead - home of overpriced meals and flannel shirts. The Farmstead Mac is a noble try- it has the right noodle shape, and a nicely baked crust. The issue, however, is the cheese

distribution throughout the entire serving. Halfway through the mac, the cheese is no longer cheese, and just simply grease. Greasy mac is frankly unfair to students, and the administration taking advantage of students’ trusting dispositions. Bottom Line: Farmstead mac is the Tammany Hall of dairy foods. 3. Krafthouse Mac A little known fact is that the dark hole known as “The Devil’s Krafthouse” serves a steaming bowl of mac and cheese. This mac and cheese is perhaps the most insidious, because it looks like the perfect mac. Thicc elbow noodles, a good cheese pull when you take a bite, and a sprinkle of pepper on the top. It’s the perfect mac catfish. The problem, however, is the consistency. The mush. The chewy, gruel-like elasticity really belies the true failure of Krafthouse mac. I defy you to eat more than two bites. This is truly a downfall of the university—one could even claim that it’s part of a systematic starvation tactic employed by the school. It’s not not true. 4. Div School Mac Div School mac, firstly, is exclusive. Only on Wednesdays? The Office of Institutional Equity will hear about this. And Buffalo mac? Just another instance of the university supporting New York prep school macs over underprivileged macs. Despicable. 5. Mac n Cheese Bites from The Loop The Loop is the voice of the people, there’s no question about that. The Loop is the small voice that cries out against the oppression of West Union and appeals to the proletariat study body. Yet, The Loop has led to one massive heartbreak: the mac and cheese bites. Now, the mac and cheese bites are good. They are a great snack after a long night of “protesting.” But friends, Romans, countrymen, why can’t we just have the mac and cheese that’s inside the bite? When will the university step up and allow The Loop to serve just normal mac and cheese? Give us what we all know is right. It is high time that the university start respecting the demands of students on campus. Duke is a campus of active protesting, and our student body is starting to mobilize in favor of issues that are central to our well-being, and will set a precedent for future students. If you are interested in joining the movement, contact Friday Friday is an anonymous satirical column that runs on alternate Fridays. They would like it to be known that all their articles are living documents, and that they will be on the BC plaza passing out single, uncooked noodles to raise awareness for such an important issue. Friday Friday is also extremely lactose intolerant.

The Chronicle commentary


I stand with President Price This past week marks the anniversary of a seminal moment in the history of Duke University: the Silent Vigil on West Campus. On April 4, 1968, Duke students of various creeds and colors assembled in order to both commemorate the recently murdered Dr. Martin Luther King and, in honor of his legacy,

Reiss Becker GUEST COLUMN to spur change at Duke. For several days, students assembled in front of Duke Chapel and silently protested. Their silence spoke volumes and their actions highlighted and helped change the discriminatory policies of the Duke administration. Last Saturday, 50 years hence, several dozen undergraduate protesters aggressively took the stage of Page Auditorium, disrupting an address by President Price. A speaker with a megaphone connected their protest to the actions of Martin Luther King Jr. and the Silent Vigil, noting that the Silent Vigil would be “summarized as a turning point for Duke, but 50 years later so much has still remained the same.” Continuing on, the speaker said, in regards to Duke’s activists, that “We are still here.” In response, I acknowledge that you are “here,” but that is all you have in common with the protesters of 1968—physical location. In addition, those of us who disagree with both your disruptive tactics and disorganized and, in some cases, misguided demands are “here” and we too deserve a voice and a seat at the table. Despite their deliberate efforts to draw a comparison between themselves and the righteous activists of the past, their demands, blared through a megaphone at a crowd of bewildered alumni being celebrated for their contributions to the school, failed to resonate as loudly as the silence of the Vigil. The claim that “50 years later, so much remains the same” both

dismisses the contributions of past activists and does not align with the reality of today. In the last 50 years, Duke has evolved from being a racially segregated institution to one where diversity is intentionally and proudly championed. This commitment is not merely rhetorical. Today, due to a shift in administration policy, minorities collectively constitute a majority of the undergraduate population at Duke. In addition, Duke has adopted a need blind admissions policy, dozens of scholarships directed at women and minorities, and a quorum of programs, departments and organizations designed explicitly to support and celebrate its minority population. Is Duke University truly deserving of the moniker “The Plantation,” as these activists claim in their published memorandum? I do not think so. If so, then Duke subverts every traditional expectation of that libelous label. Were these protesters met with fire hoses, attack dogs and institutional resistance as the Montgomery student protesters of 1963 were? No. Instead our administration handed them informational leaflets and politely requested they leave. Were they faced with the snarling growl and open hostility of Bull Connor, the notoriously vicious Montgomery police chief? No. Rather they were met with our own Larry Moneta a man who, on occasion, refers to himself as “LMo.” If Duke is a plantation, then it seems that the callous and brutal overseers are nowhere in sight. I am not disparaging all of the demands of the protesters. Much of what they desire is proposed in good faith and could certainly be healthy for the school (renaming the Carr Building, increasing funding for grants and scholarships, etc). Nonetheless, a number of the demands are either patently absurd or poorly informed. For one, they insist that Duke raise its minimum wage to 15 dollars an hour. A brief inquiry online reveals that Duke already pays nearly double the North Carolina minimum wage and has a plan in place to raise that to 15 dollars an hour by 2019. Do these

students lack the patience to wait less than a year for something that has already been instituted or were they simply unaware of this reality? They called for Duke to eliminate “the box” on all applications, meaning that Duke could never consider criminal record when accepting or hiring students or employees. This is a ridiculous proposal. Would any of us consider the prospect of hiring sex offenders to the Women’s Center or larcenists to Duke Security? I hope not. The truth is that criminal record is a vital consideration in evaluating potential students and employees and it cannot be casually discarded. To do so would be careless and even, potentially, dangerous. I also fundamentally object to their proposal of creating “hate speech” codes on campus. I fully condemn racial epithets and any actions that seek to denigrate another group based on identity. However, the issue with formalized hate speech codes is that no formal definition for hate speech exists. As a result, any policies designed to combat hate speech are based on subjective definitions and are often just vehicles to lump together actual bigots with those who simply hold opposing political viewpoints. Finally, and most importantly, both our alumni and President Price did not deserve to be publicly lambasted on the stage of Page Auditorium. I would be remiss if I did not note the irony inherent to this demonstration; by publicizing their demands in such an aggressive and uncompromising manner, the protesters may have jeopardized the source of the very resources needed to fulfill their desired ends. The alumni, dozens of whom booed and turned their backs to the protesters, seemed to be blindsided by the demonstration at best and enraged at worst. Actions have consequences and the cloud of ill will from this controversy will likely hang over the next fundraising campaign. Sadly for the rest of us, the actions of the few have the potential to jeopardize the resources available to the many. Furthermore, President Price specifically should not have been burdened with this tirade for two reasons.

Firstly, he became President of Duke less than a year ago. Even if he wanted to address every single one of the students’ complaints, he literally has not been in office long enough to affect such drastic institutional change. Furthermore, while it’s important that he knows the concerns of his community, there was no need to address it in this fashion, nor is it productive for the cause. Secondly, in his limited tenure at Duke University, President Price has consistently signaled that he is a conscientious, thoughtful, and empathetic man and has demonstrated his desire to reach out to and engage with students and their concerns. It ought to be noted that not only was his very first action as President was to remove a statue of Robert E. Lee in response to student concerns, but also that he has been receptive to and collaborated with the student Housing Reform movement. I discussed the protest with Dr. John Blackshear who noted that “President Price is someone who would willingly open his door to discuss issues like this.” There was no need to treat him this way. Yet they decided to march into Page to shouts of, “President Price, get off the stage.” Clearly the protesters targeted President Price in a brash attempt not to be constructive but to be needlessly provocative. I have certainly been severe in my criticism of these protesters, but I want to reiterate that I know they are good-hearted advocates for change and I want to extend the olive branch. In addition, I believe this is not an issue of right vs. left, but an opportunity to define civil discourse at Duke. I recently joined the board of an organization called Bridge the Divide as Director of Public Relations. We specialize in mediating political disagreements and finding consensus in order to foster change. I propose we organize a forum where students of all walks convene and discuss these ideas and our strategy for advocacy going forward. Working together, I am certain we can take these issues in stride. Reiss Becker is a Trinity first-year.

The difficulty of being Christian at Duke “Get your Bibles out y’all,” one of my professors said, mostly joking, as we started a discussion about how a passage in a Flannery O’Connor story we were reading connected to something in the book of Revelation. A few classmates laughed at this, because the idea of carrying around a Bible is funny to them. Even though I’m a Christian who tries to study the Bible daily, this incident by itself is normally something I would shrug off. Apathetic attitudes toward God and religion prevailed in

Victoria Priester ON THE RUN FROM MEDIOCRITY my high school, and outside of friends I have met through Bible study, I am the only one within my friend groups who believes in God. This didn’t use to bother me, but over the course of my first year at Duke, the frequency of seemingly minor comments or incidents like this has become increasingly bothersome. At a place like Duke, where students pride themselves on their acceptance of all people regardless of religion or ethnicity, it seems backward that it’s still acceptable to mock God and Christianity in front of people who incorporate religion into their lives. Maybe it’s because the modern trope of a “Christian” is a white man or woman with a southern accent who isn’t educated, is xenophobic, homophobic or a Trump supporter, or who will tell you you’re going to hell if you don’t believe in God. Christians aren’t an oppressed group— after all, much of history has consisted of “Christians” persecuting other minority groups or religions, like in the crusades or the Spanish Inquisition—so perhaps we assume they don’t need to be supported or defended now. For most of this year, I haven’t spoken up about my beliefs because I didn’t want to be labeled as unintelligent or associated with these kinds of Christians. But these tropes about Christians are stereotypes, too. Most

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Christians don’t make snap judgements about other people just because they haven’t been saved. Most Christians don’t have a “holier than thou” attitude, and we try to follow what we learn from the Bible to the best of our abilities. But when Christians fall short of the moral standard to which we try to adhere, we’re called hypocrites, as if being Christian means you’re immune to human shortcomings. Some prominent Christians are consistently hypocritical in how their actions compare to the words they preach, but this isn’t true for all Christians. Usually, hateful or overlyjudgmental statements made by self-proclaimed Christians in the name of God is dogma and isn’t supported by the Bible. And I don’t like or support these kinds of Christians any more than non-Christians do. I was disappointed when Donald Trump called himself a Christian during his presidential campaign and quoted scriptures; his words and actions demonstrated that he doesn’t follow any of the Christian principles on which I was raised. Those types of people are the reason Christians get a bad rap, and I wish it was more widely understood that not all Christians

are this way. To think so is to succumb to generalization. We’re quick to reject stereotypes about minorities or previously oppressed groups, and as a black woman, it’s encouraging to hear stories that alumni recently told about Duke students coming together for the Silent Vigil after MLK’s death, or when I see someone who isn’t black wearing a Black Lives Matter t-shirt around campus. But a stereotype is a stereotype, whether it’s about black people or Christians. I don’t hear many Duke students challenging the latter. Maybe it’s because we assume that Christians are in the majority in other parts of the country, and even in North Carolina. For a while, my bio on Instagram was “believes in God and climate change.” I was hoping that in this small way, an idea would catch that not all Christians are close-minded. It is possible to believe in God and science. Every time I thought about changing it, an incident arose—like Trump pulling the United States out of the Paris Climate Accords—that persuaded me to keep it. The reason I value my religion is because believing what the Bible says has made me into the kind and thoughtful person I am today. Holding on to Christianity at Duke has not been easy, but what keeps me is when I read verses that remind me to speak words that build up others.These verses remind me that it’s better to give than to receive, and that I can do all things through Christ. I wouldn’t be the person, friend or Duke student I am without growing up with Christian values like these—and I find myself disappointed when the same friends who love me because of the person I am degrade the belief system that has made me so. When I come back to Duke in the fall, I hope to be more open about sharing my beliefs, and my goal is to do so without worrying that I’m making people uncomfortable or that I’ll be seen as less intelligent because of it. But I also think this kind of comfort can at least partially stem from all of us becoming more conscious of the words we speak and the jokes we make about beliefs that are different from our own. Victoria Priester is a Trinity first-year. Her column, “on the run from mediocrity,” runs on alternate Fridays.

12 | FRIDAY, APRIL 20, 2018

The Chronicle


Political Science, Ethics & Society Certificate

Duke 2020

osie Tarin’s Duke experience has taken her from rural Arkansas to Jordan and Washington, D.C. Her purpose journey incorporates a lifetime of experience in an immigrant family with deep learning about international and national migration policies. She has become an advocate and, sometimes reluctantly, a pragmatic thinker about social change. Josie is the middle child and one of two siblings born in the United States. Her family is from Mexico, but they have lived in rural Arkansas since 1994. By the end of high school, Josie was ready for a change, and so when she received her acceptance letter from Duke, she committed sight unseen. Thus, “the first semester here was really scary,” she says. In her first semester French class, she realized that her under-resourced public school had not prepared her as thoroughly as some of her peers. Unmoored in an environment that felt alien academically and socially, a friend suggested she join her for MASTERY, a peer tutoring program for resettled refugee youth. She very quickly connected with her mentee, and she looked forward to their Tuesday evening sessions every week. MASTERY gave Josie a foothold at Duke both socially and intellectually. Refugees’ experiences in Durham were rather different than her family’s migration to and life in Arkansas, but questions of status and belonging resonated deeply with Josie. The following semester, she committed to studying these questions more fully through DukeImmerse: Deconstructing/Reconstructing the Refugee Experience. In addition to multiple courses related to refugee policy, the program’s research trip to Jordan opened Josie’s eyes to the many different actors and perspectives that impact the lives of refugees. The intensity of

Don’t know where to go next. Know why.

that shared experience further solidified Josie’s core community at Duke. It also clarified for Josie that immigration should be her field of study. Upon returning to the United States, debates about immigration were once again heating up as President Obama’s Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) policy was challenged in court. Josie felt compelled to do to more for her family; members of her extended family are DACA recipients. “I’m beside them because I’ve always been beside them,” she says. Moreover, armed with a nuanced understanding of the dynamics of immigration in the United States and globally, Josie thought she could do more. At Duke, she helped found a local chapter of the national Define American organization, dedicated to raising awareness and action in support of America’s diverse immigrant communities. Through Define American, she has lobbied the U.S. Congress for a more coherent and ethical approach to immigration policy.

Josie is an activist at heart—she loves using her voice and considerable wit in service of social change. “If you’re not questioning everything here, you’re doing it wrong,” she says with a smile. Nevertheless, her studies and her experiences doing the legwork of advocacy on Capitol Hill have introduced a pragmatic streak to her thinking. As a result, she is interested in building on her knowledge of policy and political systems to become a more effective advocate for change.


In the next year, Josie will continue to travel to gain experience working on immigration in diverse ways. This summer, she’ll participate in DukeEngage Miami and work with immigrant communities there. This fall, Josie will go abroad to study immigration once more. She will be taking part in an internship program for students in International Relations in Geneva. Her coursework is building towards an Experiential Certificate in Ethics & Society with a human rights concentration.

Courses, mentored internships, and symposia to help students forge their own paths. Find what’s good for you and good for the world.

I’m beside them because I’ve always been beside them.

April 20, 2018  
April 20, 2018