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Fifty years ago, approximately 1,500 students occupied the Quad for several days in response to Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s death, silently calling for institutional change at Duke. Fifty years later, approximately 25 students took the stage during President Price’s alumni weekend speech Saturday, loudly demanding other institutional reforms. Although their tactics may have been different, the students who organized the protest said they follow in the activist tradition of the 1968 protesters—many of whom were present in Page Auditorium as the protest unfolded. Unlike the 1968 Vigil and other recent campus protests, there was no single triggering event for this protest, which was planned weeks in advance, the student protesters said. Sophomore Gino Nuzzolillo said he and several other students had been asked to help publicize and promote alumni weekend events commemorating the Silent Vigil and activism at Duke. However, for Nuzzolillo and fellow students, including junior Trey Walk and senior Bryce Cracknell, more needed to be done. “We felt that you don’t honor activism with panels and things that keep it firmly in the past as an artifact,” Nuzzolillo said. “It’s something that’s viable and visible and present now and in the future.” They decided to contact student leaders from a variety of organizations on campus in an attempt to assemble a coalition. In a meeting among the campus leaders, they began hashing out what would Bre Bradham | Associate Photography Editor eventually become their “manifesto.” The final document was a collection

Some alumni turned their backs to the students protesting on the stage at President Vincent Price’s address.

Bre Bradham | Associate Photography Editor After leaving Page Auditorium, the students took their protest to See STUDENTS on Page 3 the Chapel steps.

How will Trump’s new tariffs affect N.C.? Professors weigh in By Xinchen Li Staff Reporter

President Donald Trump’s trade war with China would generate a negative impact on the U.S. economy—especially on economies that largely depend on agriculture—according to Duke scholars and local agricultural workers. After the United States proposed a tariff on $50 billion worth of goods imported from China on April 3, China retaliated the next day by proposing a 25 percent tariff on $50 billion of U.S. imports. Although the United States targeted Chinese steel and aluminum exports with its tariffs, China focused primarily on U.S. agricultural products such as soybeans, tobacco and pork. “When it comes to trade tariffs, we really

need to focus on their real-life effects and not corn and livestock—are among the potential the political hysteria that we read in the news,” victims of China’s retaliatory tariffs. said Corinne Krupp, associate professor of The tariffs will increase the prices of the practice in the Sanford School U.S. agricultural of Public Policy. “At this point, products in China’s It is not likely that a trade we hope both [the United market, Krupp States and China] can look war will be good for anybody. said. This will cause back from the brink and make American farmers a compromise.” corinne krupp to lose access to ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR OF PRACTICE IN the market if the According to data from the Department of Agriculture, THE SANFORD SCHOOL OF PUBLIC POLICY heightened price China was the largest exceeds what agricultural export market for the United Chinese consumers could get locally or from States in 2016 and the second largest in 2017, other producers. with soybeans, pork and cotton as primary With the tariff, U.S. farmers have to either export products. find another market big enough to absorb all North Carolina farmers—who specialize the products or accept a lower price, Krupp primarily in growing tobacco, soybeans, added. Chinese consumers will also have to pay

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a lot more than what U.S. producers charge. “It is not likely that a trade war will be good for anybody,” Krupp said. A 2015 report by North Carolina State University showed that agriculture is the pillar of North Carolina’s economy. It accounts for roughly 16 percent of the state economy and provides 17 percent of all jobs in the state. North Carolina soybean producers harvest from approximately 1.7 million acres, the highest acreage of row crop in the state, said John Fleming, president of North Carolina Soybean Producers Association. North Carolina farmers are among the top producers of poultry, turkeys and hogs, for which soybeans serve as the primary feed, See TARIFFS on Page 4 @thedukechronicle | © 2018 The Chronicle

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Breaking down DKU’s inaugural undergraduate class By Bill McCarthy Staff Reporter

Last month, Duke Kunshan University accepted more than 250 students from around the world into its inaugural class of undergraduates. The new class will arrive on campus in August of this year, and it is expected to include 175 students from mainland China and more than 50 overseas students representing 47 different countries and regions. The students have until May 1 to make their final decisions. “We are thrilled to see such strong interest in Duke Kunshan University from so many countries and regions,” said Liu Jiangnan, chancellor of DKU in a press release. “Our goal is to build a truly international learning and living environment, and we are confident that these international students and their Chinese peers will make a phenomenal class.” The international students—10 of whom were admitted under DKU’s binding early decision process—hail predominantly from Africa, Asia and the Asia Pacific and North American regions, said Denis Simon, executive vice chancellor at DKU. Simon indicated that DKU hopes to expand its class size to 500 students over the next five years and will look to attract more students from Europe and Latin America as it grows in size. The expansion will be incremental, with class sizes growing by 50 to 75 students each year until the 500 mark is met. “We have a pretty good marketing base for recruitment in the United States,” Simon said. “What we need to expand our social media in particular and also do some on-site visits in some of these other places.” DKU has not announced its official acceptance rate because students from the Chinese mainland have yet to take the gaokao, China’s national college entrance exam. Simon explained that in China, the admissions process follows what is called the “5-4-1 model,” according to which gaokao scores count for 50 percent, extracurricular activities, essays and recommendations count for 40 percent and academic records count for 10 percent when weighing a prospective student’s candidacy. Reliance on this model means admitted Chinese students will have to pass the gaokao in order to have their acceptance into DKU finalized, Simon said. But for the one-third of international applicants—which for DKU means all students

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not from the Chinese mainland—who were accepted, their offer of admission is official and final, he added. Those international students will visit DKU’s campus for an admitted students weekend at the end of April. Simon described DKU’s application process as “extremely rigorous and extremely intense,” adding that review process looked at applications, essays, recommendations, extracurricular activities and English-language capabilities. “The [students] going to DKU have a reason for wanting to be in a global university in China, whether it’s the nature of their studies or the nature of their adventures of spirit,” he said. Prayog Bhattarai, a gap-year student from Nepal who was admitted into DKU’s inaugural class, said he was thrilled and surprised when he received his acceptance letter. He noted that he was interested not only in the school’s liberal arts focus and Chinese location, but also in the opportunity “to set a legacy and be a part of an institution’s inaugural cohort.” Bhattarai was so excited that he started a Facebook group for

the accepted members of DKU’s inaugural class. “I felt that the international community should really have an idea of the diversity that DKU is about to bring in its first cohort,” he wrote in an email. “It’s amazing to see the group taking shape in the way it has, with people talking about themselves and their background and interests.” DKU—a partnership between Duke University, Wuhan University and the city of Kunshan—offers a non-traditional liberal arts and science curriculum. All classes are taught in English, and students will spend a semester and a summer studying at Duke’s main campus in Durham, N.C. At graduation, DKU students will earn two separate degrees: one from DKU and another from Duke. “This is a very exciting time,” Simon said. “Not every university gets the chance to launch a brand-new university cast in its image in a setting far, far from home, and yet at the same time, maintain the rigor and the standards of excellence that are associated with the parent.”

Announcement of Recipients & Nominees

Congratulations to the following students, organizations, faculty, and staff, who have been nominated to receive Duke University’s most prestigious campus-wide honors for leadership and service. Award recipients and nominees will be celebrated at In The Spotlight on April 17, 2018 5pm, Penn Pavilion. The event is open to to the Duke community.

Alden Award

Andrew George Lesley Chen-Young Lisa Remlinger Mary Ziemba Max Sinsheimer Patricia Pinkcombe Rachelle Olden

#Got Caught Leading Recipients:

Julie Anne Levey Memorial Leadership Award

Nominees: Elizabeth Barahona Louise Zhang Nicole Gagne Nominees: Joshua Lovett Evan Taylor Recipient: Alexandra Gara Sara Yuen Rhajaa Wright Tommy Klug Taylor Fistel Madeline Thorton Sara Snyder Nominees: Dalia Dichter Elizabeth Barahona Shweta Lodha Omolola Sansui Student Affairs Ismail Aijazuddin Brennan Halkidis Nominees: Sarah Sanford Distinguished Brigid Burroughs Algernon Sydney Elizabeth Schrack Kunal Upadya Allie Charlton Leadership and Sullivan Award Thomas Hessel Carlos Tavares Ted Maynard Taylor Huie Service Award Ali Daraeepour Recipient: Isaiah Carter Macrae Montgomery Zachary Rene Recipients: Kyle Miller Yurida Ramirez Michael Tan Erica Wang Elizabeth Brown Nominees: Michaela Stith Chinmay Pandit Hildana Haileyesus Elizabeth Barahona Divya Dhulipala Jamie Dohopolski Sena Kpodzro Catherine Ward Dhara Patel Elizabeth Barahona Milena Ozernova Luke Duchemin Lok Chan Fraternity & Sorority Rachel Skelton Amanda Jankowski James Bradford Leadership Awards Yaa Amponsah Nominees: Chea Recipients: Amissah-Aidoo Unsung Heroine Kyle Bengisu Pay Riyanka Ganguly Teddy Bartlett Archana Ahlawat Award Giselle Graham Candise Henry Helena Abbott Kedest Mathewos Recipient: Lina Palancares William Kline Jazmynne Williams Andrea Lin Sannan Saleh Chandler Phillips Nehanda Loiseau James Bradford Cassia Caruth Eliza Moreno Miles Ndukwe Forever Duke Taylor Ikner Louise Zhang Michael Ivory, Jr. Jonathan Ng Student Noah Eckberg Samuel Zhu Whitney Hazard Ade Olayinka Sunny Zhang Aashna Aggarwal Leadership Award Cole Wicker Joel Kelly Michaela Stith Taylor Jones Recipients: Jason Ng Kyle Miller Madison Bordeman Samantha Meyers Sydney Fishman Amanda Jankowski Michael Gustafson Lars Lyon Matt Riley Shajuti Hossain Amy Kramer Jason Kaplan Sean Gilbert Volunteer Service Matthew Brague Catherine Ward Daisy Almonte Gerardo Parraga Gerardo Parraga Leigh Johnson Award Cameron Reid Herrera Rhajaa Wright Gigi Falk Hannah Robinson Recipient: Grace Mok Meghana Giri Eric Smith Manda Hufstedler Lina Palancares Mumbi Kanyogo Colin O’Leary Rohini Paul Nominee: Chaya Bhat Bryce Cracknell Joshua Lovett Madelynne Norton Cole Wicker John Aldrup-McDonald Recipient: Michaela Stith

Student Org Line Up Spectrum: Duke Autism Alliance Duke Tech Incubator Recipients: Business Oriented Women Hoof ‘n Horn Hear at Duke She’s the First Duke Undergraduate Immunology Shotgun Sports Duke Psychology Major’s Union Duke Poker Club Program II Major’s Union Ballroom Dance Club Black in Business Team One Love at Duke Phi Delta Epsilon Int’l. Medical Fraternity Duke Machine Learning and Data Science Duke Substance and Alcohol Free Events Duke Science Olympiad Actively Moving Forward at Duke Duke Speech Team Phoenix Magazine Community Empowerment Fund Duke Go Club Duke CommuniTEA Planned Parenthood Generation Action Duke Give Project Heal Duke Student Global Health Review

For more details, visit

Devils Cross Reality Define American Harmonies for Health Compass Center Ambassadors

The William J. Griffith University Service Award Recipients: Cole Wicker Riyanka Ganguly Eliza Moreno Chandler Phillips Nominees: Chelsea Liu James Bradford Shayna Wolery Camil Craciunescu Lesley Chen-Young Mohamad Chamas Isabella Paez

WomC Campus Impact Award

Recipients: Ana Ramirez Adela Deanova Elizabeth Barahona Eliza Moreno Chandler Phillips Melissa Beretta Katie Wyatt Nominees: Katie McKinney Shweta Lodha

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STUDENTS FROM PAGE 1 of a number of priorities that several student groups had been working on in recent years. “What this document represents is an accumulation of a lot of work that students across the campus in different identity groups and within different marginalized communities have been working on with the administration for many years now,” Cracknell said. Eventually, the group decided to disrupt Price’s State of the University speech at alumni weekend. Cracknell said the group intentionally chose an alumni event because alumni are often disconnected from current conversations on campus. The students indicated that disruption was one way to signal to administrators and alumni alike the urgency of their demands—which range from increased worker pay, to added mental health support, to greater transparency in Board of Trustees meetings. “We can send email after email and we can show up for public forums and talk about these issues, but the University doesn’t feel like there’s an urgency unless we are actively meeting them where they are and making it a spectacle and making it something where they can’t just push it into their spam box,” said junior Sydney Roberts, a protester and co-chair of The Chronicle’s independent Editorial Board. The protest On the day of the event, alumni entered Page Auditorium and were ushered to seating sections based on their graduation year. Many of those in the audience were members of the Class of 1968 and participated in the Silent Vigil. The students planning the protest sat scattered around the room. Cracknell said they were easily identifiable, as the room was largely full of older, white alumni. Sue Wasiolek—associate vice president for student affairs and dean of students—and Clay

Adams—associate dean of students—spoke to the students and handed out leaflets, which noted that disruptive protests were against University policy, the group of students said. Administrators had been made aware of the planned protest by a news report earlier that morning based on a press release the group sent, the students said. As Price was preparing to announce gifts from each alumni class, the students took the stage chanting, and began announcing their demands from their “manifesto.” The protesters received mixed reactions from the alumni in the audience. Some alumni did nothing while others booed loudly or clapped in support. Many alumni stood up and turned their backs to the stage, some shouting vulgarities— the protesters reported hearing racial epithets. The protesters noted that they were surprised by the extent of the alumni’s negative reactions. Cracknell added that he was disappointed that the administrators focused more on stopping the students than angry alumni, Cracknell said. “Instead of actually going to the alumni and saying ‘that’s not appropriate’ or removing them from the space, they were more worried about us,” Cracknell said. Larry Moneta, vice president for student affairs, did not respond to a request for comment about administrators’ response to inappropriate statements by alumni. After trying to cut the students off, Price decided to let the students continue speaking. Sterly Wilder, Trinity ‘83 and associate vice president for alumni affairs, later announced over the microphone that the event would be canceled, but the students left several minutes later, and the event continued.

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“I think when we walked out all of us were kind of shaken by the negative feedback, but so many alumni came up to us and were like, ‘Thank you for what you’re doing. Thank you for continuing this work,’” Walk said. Back inside the auditorium, David Henderson, Trinity ‘68, connected the students’ protest to the 1968 Vigil in a comment to Price during the Q&A session after his speech. “Nobody in the administration thought that what we did was appropriate. In history it has come to be enshrined,” Henderson said. Administrators were displeased with the protest. In an email, Moneta wrote that he thought the protesters should have used other tactics. “Candidly, I think there were better ways to convey their concerns and I shared that with them as best I could,” Moneta wrote. During the Q&A session after his speech, Price also said that the students should have brought up their concerns in a way that did not interrupt the talk. “I disagree deeply that this was an appropriate way to handle these issues,” he said. Price did not respond to a request for comment in time for publication. The students have expressed frustration with the modes of conversation that administrators have asked them to use to to convey their concerns. Junior Mumbi Kanyogo described her experience organizing around the University’s hate and bias policy. “One thing that we consistently brought up is that the University will consistently use our labor on their own time [for task forces], which is unpaid,” Kanyogo said. “They insist on using these tired, old tactics which they’ve used since 1968 to sort of slow us down and to exploit us.”

“What an incredible irony it would be if in the midst of celebrating a history of activism, Duke is considering punishing the current generation of organizers on campus and the student groups, faculty and alumni that support us,” they wrote. The group noted that they would seek to continue the conversation with administrators. “Ultimately, we seek to work, rather than battle, with administrators to implement our demands,” they wrote. “In the paraphrased words of Dr. King in his Letter from a Birmingham Jail (which we respectfully suggest the administration and angry alumni read), through direct action we merely hope to bring to the surface the hidden tension at Duke that is already alive.” With impending finals and the start of summer, maintaining energy may be difficult. However, the student protesters expressed optimism about the future of their coalition. They plan to seek support from other student groups for their manifesto, and are still brainstorming further courses of action. The Asian American Studies Working Group issued a statement in support of the protesters’ manifesto Sunday. Walk noted that he foresees greater collaboration between student groups doing organizing work, a greater focus on the role of alumni in student advocacy and more rallies and teach-ins next year. The group is also composed of many first-years and sophomores, giving the organizers another reason to feel confident about the coalition’s future. Price and Moneta both expressed willingness to engage in further discussion about students’ concerns. “We just have to find vehicles to have honest discussion and I’m happy to take up any of the issues which the students raise,” he said. The response Nuzzolillo said the student protesters are The students regrouped outside on the steps Next steps determined to hold Price to that. of the Chapel to provide further explanation of Moneta said that administrators were “If the administration expects that they can their 12 demands. Several supportive alumni reviewing the students’ behaviors to determine an just slow us down or obstruct us or drag their joined them, even offering suggestions for how appropriate response. In a group statement, the feet, they’ve got more coming,” Nuzzolillo said. to update their manifesto, Walk noted. protesters condemned any potential punishments. “This isn’t the end of it.”

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TARIFFS FROM PAGE 1 Fleming said. The vast majority of the soybeans produced in the state are consumed locally, and North Carolina even imports soybeans from other states and countries. Even so, the soybean tariff that China—the biggest soybean consumer in the world—proposes will definitely harm U.S. soybean producers at large, Fleming noted. The tariff China imposed on American soybeans earlier this month has led to a significant drop in the price of U.S. soybeans and widened the basis—the difference between the local cash price and the future prices—Fleming said. Alternatively, the tariff drives up the demand for soybeans in South American countries such as Brazil, increasing the price. But in the long run, U.S. soybeans will find new markets, Fleming explained. Traditionally, a country’s demand for soybeans is not influenced by its sources. As China shifts to Brazil for soybean imports, other regions that used to import from Brazil are likely to turn to the U.S. producers. “The real impact [of the tariff in the long term] will not be on the demand [for U.S. soybeans] but on the distributions of sources,” Fleming said. “It will be a shift in terms of who is buying from where.” None of the tariff proposals the United States and China raised will be in place anytime soon, Krupp said. And they may never be carried out if both parties can reach a negotiation. Fleming noted that the tariff China proposed has limited impact on the soybean trade between the United States and China, especially during this time of a year. China trades with the United States or countries in South America depending on the relative price of their soybeans, he added. January through mid-summer is traditionally the harvest season for South American soybeans. China is already purchasing primarily from Brazil. “We are sensitive about the uncertainty in the market in terms of what we do for a living,” Fleming said. “Now we just have to step back, wait and see what what happens.” A trade tariff is never beneficial from an economic perspective, but it is often used to achieve political goals, such as appeasing domestic constituents who feel they are disadvantaged by the free trade, Krupp said. She explained that President Trump has assigned the Department of Agriculture to seek ways of using existing

laws to compensate U.S. farmers if China’s retaliatory tariffs actually come in place, Krupp said. One existing program is the Commodity Credit Corporation, created in the aftermath of the Great Depression to support farmers. “The [CCC] program is like an income support program,” she said. “It will be extremely expensive to carry out and not very likely to be politically attractive.” Krupp added that at the same time, China hopes that by threatening to tariff U.S. agricultural products, it will drive U.S. farmers to lobby against President Trump’s tariff proposals. Although President Trump’s tariff proposal will hurt domestic agricultural workers, it is unlikely to boost the U.S. economy as a whole, said Edward Tower, professor with tenure in economics. He noted that low steel price will potentially benefit downstream industries in the United States that intensively use steel in their production. “If the Chinese government is subsidizing its steel and exporting it at a low price, why shouldn’t we take advantage of it?” he asked. The number of jobs in steel-using industries is much larger than the number of jobs directly involved in steel and aluminum industries, Krupp said. “We should be cautious not to help a few at the expenses of many,” Krupp said. “Raising the prices of steel may make us less competitive in the [production of] appliances, cars and other manufacturing goods.” A tariff on steel and aluminum imported from China may not benefit U.S. workers as much as President Trump claimed it would, Tower said. Unlike in China, steel and aluminum production in the United States is highly capital intensive. Protecting such industries benefit capital owners much more than workers, Tower noted. Meanwhile, he added, the trade deficit that the United States maintains with China does not hurt the job market as conventional wisdom suggests. “[Using tariffs to abate trade deficit] is really an idea from the old world,” Tower said. He explained that when the gold standard—in which the value of currency is directly tied to gold—was still in place, a trade deficit would result in a net outflow of gold. This would be accompanied by a decline in the money supply and a downward pressure on prices and wages. In contrast, the negative impact of trade deficit no longer holds in this era, where exchange rates become flexible, Tower noted.


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The Chronicle Krupp said that the role of international institutions such as the World Trade Organization is limited regarding the disputes between the United States and China. Trump claims China is not following the WTO rules by subsidizing domestic steel and aluminum production and artificially lowering the price, Krupp added. She mentioned that Trump is also alleging steel and aluminum industries are crucial national defense sectors for the United States. “Yes, trade war is supposed to not be possible given everybody being a member of the WTO and following the rules,” Krupp said. “But [it does not hold] when politics is involved.” She noted that at this point, the WTO can act as a neutral party, reiterating the rules and clarifying the responsibilities of both parties. Although it is likely that the recent series of tariff confrontations between the United States and China will be resolved through a negotiation, it casts uncertainty on the global trade pattern in the future, she noted. “[This trade confrontation] leads to concern about how global trade will go forward,” Krupp said. “Will it be rule-based or might makes right in that a country that is big and powerful always gets its way?”

Jack Dolgin | Contributing Photographer President Donald Trump’s threatened tariffs would hurt domestic agricultural workers, professors say.

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Blue Devils win road series at Florida State for first time since 1994 with 2 victories in top-10 matchup By Derek Saul Staff Reporter

Duke’s historic season continued in grand fashion this weekend, with a two-game sweep against No. 9 Florida State. Fresh off of their first ACC series loss of 2018 last weekend at Wake Forest, the 10thranked Blue Devils DUKE 7 secured a pair of road 1 victories against the FSU Seminoles by scores DUKE 6 of 7-1 and 6-5 on 5 Friday and Saturday at FSU Dick Howser Stadium before the Tallahassee, Fla., weather defeated both teams Sunday. Duke became just the second team in the country to advance to 30 wins and currently sits in first place in the ACC’s Coastal Division. “We really don’t stop to think about our success. We have a mantra in our program where we focus on being where our feet are and winning the day,” Pollard said. “We focus on the day, moment and task at hand, and don’t really spend any time dwelling in the past or the future.” Duke overpowered Florida State (24-12, 8-9 in the ACC) in the first contest of the weekend. Junior Jimmy Herron reached base safely to start the game and scored on a Chris Proctor triple, providing the Blue Devils with a lead that they never relinquished. Herron has exemplified the role of a

Evan Mapes | Associate Photography Editor

Senior captain Max Miller’s three-run home run Saturday was just his second career long ball in more than 700 plate appearances. leadoff hitter—his 38 runs and 15 stolen bases are the first and fifth highest marks in the conference, respectively. Additionally, his 26 walks, 11 doubles, and 42 hits lead the team, while he walks more than he strikes out. Saturday’s contest needed 11 innings to determine a winner and was characterized by the long ball, with five home runs launched over the fence during the game. Homers from Max Miller and Herron allowed Duke (30-7, 12-5) to

secure a lead, but the Blue Devils’ erratic control on the mound—starter Mitch Stallings and the bullpen combined to yield nine walks—left Pollard’s squad trailing heading into the top of the ninth inning. Then came Kennie Taylor, who hit a ninth-inning triple and scored the gametying run on a single by Michael Smiciklas and then won the game with a home run in the top of the 11th.

Miller’s fourth-inning home run, a threerun shot, was out of character for him, as it was just his second career home run in more than 700 plate appearances. The two-year captain is better known for his glove and his leadership rather than for his power. “He is unquestionably the leader of this team. He’s a captain now for the second year. He is one of the all-time great leaders that I have ever coached. He’s the heart and soul of this team,” Pollard said. “He doesn’t put up perhaps the most prolific offensive power numbers, but he has consistently given us some of the most competitive and important at bats of the season.” Perhaps the sole downside to Duke’s bright 2018 campaign has been the relative struggles of star outfielder Griffin Conine, who was tabbed as a preseason All-American and potential first round pick in the MLB Draft. Conine went 0-for-7 against Florida State, with two walks and three strikeouts. This lowered his batting average on the season to .209, an 89-point drop from his 2017 mark. Although his power numbers are still there, as he leads the team in home runs and is third in slugging percentage, he is having trouble putting the ball in play consistently. His strikeout percentage soared from 16.8 percent last season to 27.8 percent in 2018. Duke is approaching its biggest week of the year, as it hosts No. 8 East Carolina Tuesday and No. 2 N.C. State this weekend. All four games will be played at Jack Coombs Field, located on campus in Durham.


How Duke looked in Saturday’s Spring Showcase By Ben Leonard Blue Zone Editor

Duke fans got their first chance to see the 2018 team in action Saturday at Wallace Wade Stadium in the Spring Showcase. Head coach David Cutcliffe’s squad practiced on the field for the first half of the event before scrimmaging for 50 snaps between the “Blue” and “White” teams—blue on offense, white on defense. Football beat writer Ben Leonard gives his instant observations and position battles to watch from the showcase: Offensive line still remains a question mark The Blue Devils bring almost everyone back from last year’s squad—except for heavy losses up front. After losing three starters from an already iffy unit last season, Duke’s offensive line didn’t look great Saturday, especially in pass blocking. The Blue Devils were in the bottom half of the country in sacks allowed last season, and it looks like quarterback Daniel Jones could be under even more heat this fall. Jones was under pressure early and often, taking multiple “sacks”—quarterbacks were off limits for hits in the scrimmage. After losing Evan Lisle, Gabe Brandner and Austin Davis to graduation, junior left guard Julian Santos and redshirt senior Zach Harmon, who has moved to center, will look to anchor an inexperienced unit. In the action Saturday, redshirt sophomore Robert Kraeling lined up at right tackle, redshirt senior Christian Harris lined up at left tackle and sophomore Rakavius Chambers took snaps at right guard.

Place-kicking battle appears to be a twohorse race Cutcliffe said Duke’s abysmal kicking game in 2016 gave him acid reflux—and he hopes that won’t happen again this year. After placekicker/punter Austin Parker— who provided stability by making 17-of-21 field-goal tries—was dismissed from the team in December, the Blue Devils appear to have a two-man race on their hands to replace him. Junior A.J. Reed, who made just 3-of-10 tries in 2016, is vying for time with redshirt senior walk-on Collin Wareham. Wareham made all five of his tries in practice, including a 44-yarder, and hit another 44-yarder in the scrimmage. Reed made four of five tries in practice, missing from 40 yards out but nailing a 46-yarder in the scrimmage. Wide receiver Johnathan Lloyd did most of the holding, while sophomore walk-on Jackson Hubbard seems to have the punting job locked down. Junior walk-on Tim Skapek got some action in practice, but Hubbard was markedly better. “The kicking work was good for us,” Cutcliffe said. “We’ve got to be better in every aspect of the kicking game.” Noah Gray breaks out in stacked receiving group Even with a deep receiving corps returning, Duke could lean on its tight ends more this season. Tight end Noah Gray caught an 11-yard touchdown pass from Jones on a fade to the corner of the end zone and several other passes. The 6-foot-4, 235-pound sophomore appears

to be the third weapon at tight end at Jones’ disposal, along with Daniel Helm and Davis Koppenhaver. Gray made an impact in limited time last season, scoring a key touchdown late against Wake Forest to help the Blue Devils earn bowl eligibility. “He runs routes. I’ve talked to all of our receivers and tight ends about this with a sense of urgency,” Cutcliffe said of Gray. “He comes off the football as well as anybody I’ve ever had.” Cutcliffe is excited to work with this “interestingly good” circumstance of having so much depth at tight end, hinting that opposing

teams would have to face more multiple tightend packages this season. With weapons galore, Jones finished the day completing eight of his 15 pass attempts for 83 yards, including two scores—the other an eight-yard strike to receiver T.J. Rahming. Cutcliffe also praised running back Deon Jackson’s receiving ability, saying that the sophomore has benefitted from improved conditioning. The presumptive backup to Brittain Brown also earned one of two offensive See FOOTBALL on Page 9

Ian Jaffe | Photography Editor

Daniel Jones threw touchdown passes to wide receiver T.J. Rahming and tight end Noah Gray and will have a lot of depth to work with among his receiving corps.

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MONDAY, APRIL 16, 2018 | 7


Harris sets program record in sweep of Pittsburgh By Spencer Levy Staff Reporter

Perseverance in the face of adversity can define a team. The Blue Devils were three second sets away from a second road loss in a row Friday, but Duke then showed why it remains atop the ACC entering the final weekend of the regular season. The No. 4 Blue Devils won their final two road contests of the season DUKE 4 as they traveled north ‘CUSE 2 one last time. Duke knocked off Syracuse DUKE 7 4-2 Friday evening and 0 then swept Pittsburgh PITT 7-0 Sunday afternoon. At the Drumlins Tennis Club in Syracuse, N.Y., Duke beat an Orange team that recently earned a victory against No. 3 Georgia Tech recently. Then, the Blue Devils traveled south to the Oxford Athletic Club in Wexford, Pa., to defeat the Panthers. Duke put itself in prime position to win the ACC regular-season title outright next weekend if it takes down North Carolina, but the Orange did not make it easy. Known for their fast indoor courts, Syracuse got off to a strong start in doubles. Duke fell 2-6 on both Courts 1 and 3 to sustain an early deficit. “[Syracuse] hit the ball so hard. The courts are really fast indoors and they just knocked us back right from the start. I don’t think we ever really truly recovered from that,” Blue Devil head coach Jamie Ashworth said. “They just came out and did a good job of playing in their own facility with the fast courts and not a lot of space.... Hats off to them. They’ve had some really good, quality wins in that center.” On the singles end, Syracuse continued its

momentum from doubles and jumped out to an early advantage. After the first sets on all six courts were complete, the Orange (15-6, 7-6 in the ACC) were ahead on half of the courts and in a position to take the home victory. After sophomore Meible Chi suffered her first singles loss 4-6, 4-6 since October, Syracuse was two sets away from the win. Chi’s opponent, Miranda Ramirez, continued to hit winners throughout the match en route to the victory. “The girl from Syracuse played an unbelievable match against Meible. I said to Meible during the match, ‘if this girl can keep hitting winners and keep that up for two sets, then great job,’ and the girl was able to do that,” Ashworth said. “She wasn’t really shaken at all by that loss. She was disappointed.” But Duke (19-2, 11-1) regrouped and did what it has done all season long: win. “We did a really good job of fighting and competing. There was a point in the middle there of the first sets, we just said to ourselves, ‘We’re not losing this match.’ We dug our heels in and we competed and fought really well,” Ashworth said. “Syracuse played a good match. I thought we played really well and I thought we competed as well as we have all year against anybody.” The Blue Devils took the other five second sets to flip the script. In the third singles slot, No. 91 Kaitlyn McCarthy earned a win against Sofya Golubovskaya 7-5, 7-5. Then, No. 28 Kelly Chen defeated Maria Tritou 6-4, 6-3 and No. 111 Ellyse Hamlin bested Anna Shkudun 6-2, 6-4. No. 5 Samantha Harris clinched the victory against No. 4 Gabriela Knutson 0-6, 6-4, 6-0. Freshman Hannah Zhao’s third set was left unfinished. Duke’s strong play continued into Sunday, as the Blue Devils notched their 11th sweep of the season. Zhao and Chi took the first doubles set 6-1

Ju Hyun Jeon | Associate Photography Editor

Samantha Harris surpassed Duke’s program record with her 39th career ACC singles win Sunday by beating Gabriela Rezende in straight sets. before No. 8 Hamlin and McCarthy clinched the doubles point 6-2. “Especially after losing in doubles the other day to Syracuse, Meible and Hannah did a great job of coming back. They’ve been clutch for us all year. It was important for them to get out to a good start today,” Ashworth said. “When Ellyse and Kaitlyn started to play aggressive, they just overpowered the team from Pittsburgh.” The dominance continued in singles. Harris was the first Blue Devil to walk off the court victorious. The Melbourne, Australia native defeated Pittsburgh’s Gabriela Rezende efficiently 6-1, 6-2 to stamp her place in the Blue Devil history books. The win marked her 39th career ACC win and placed the senior in first place ahead of Reka Zsilinszka.

“Sam played a great first set. Ellyse played as clean of a match as she’s played in a long time,” Ashworth said. “It all bodes well, especially looking forward to what we have in the next week.” Hamlin defeated the Panthers’ lone senior Callie Frey 6-2, 6-1, and Chen beat fellow freshman Claudia Bartolome 6-4, 6-1 in the fourth singles position to clinch the team win against Pittsburgh (6-13, 0-12). Chi was quickly back in the win column. The Weston, Fla., native bounced back with a convincing 6-1 opening set win before narrowly taking the second frame 7-5. Chi played a clean first set and kept her errors to a See W. TENNIS on Page 9


Blue Devils pull away late with 6 straight goals By Sid Bhaskara Associate Sports Editor

Heading into another top-10 matchup in Charlottesville, Va., DUKE 18 the Blue Devils knew 13 the game was poised UVA to become a track meet against Virginia, masters of a speedy, run-andgun style. A track meet that Duke proved dominant

in yet again. The No. 5 Blue Devils downed the No. 10 Cavaliers 18-13 Saturday afternoon, extending their winning streak against Virginia to 10 games. They have won 18 of 19 matchups with the Cavaliers since 2005. Although Virginia won its first ACC game in four years this season with a victory last week against North Carolina, it could not muster enough despite a spirited third-quarter rally. “We were really selfless,” Duke head Coach

Carolyn Chang | Associate Photography Editor

After Virginia cut it to one in the third quarter, Brian Smyth controlled a faceoff and quickly scored, and he added another goal to help seal the win.

John Danowski told Blue Devil Network after the game. “We hit a lot of singles, we moved the ball smartly and it wasn’t about who was on the end of the rainbow.” The two teams traded goals to start the contest, with Justin Guterding and Mike D’Amario getting things going for the Blue Devils and Cavaliers respectively, but then the Duke offense got going. Joe Robertson—a Charlottesville, Va., native—Kevin Quigley, Peter Conley and Sean Lowrie ripped off four straight over the course of three minutes and 31 seconds to start the offensive fireworks. The two sides began to trade scores again before Duke (11-2, 3-1 in the ACC) could find another run thanks to Conley, Guterding and Robertson. Guterding, already the nation’s leader in goals per game, finished with nine points off of four goals and five assists. Six of those nine points came before halftime, which the Blue Devils strode into up 11-6. Despite the fairly comfortable lead, there was still a lot of lacrosse left to play. Joey Manown put Duke in front 12-6 to start the second half before the Virginia run came. The Cavaliers (9-4, 1-3) ripped off five straight scores to dominate the third quarter. Michael Kraus scored two goals in a little more than three minutes, as Mikey Herring, Dox Aitken and Matt Moore chipped into the scoring action as well. Virginia brought the score within one and

left the Blue Devils scoreless for more than 10 minutes, swinging the momentum hard back toward the hosts—until an unlikely spark brought the Duke offense roaring back. Coming off the bench to win 8-of-14 faceoffs and score two goals, Brian Smyth stopped the bleeding with 2:42 left to play in the third quarter, winning a faceoff and streaking down the field unchecked to fire a shot into the bottom corner of the cage. Smyth ignited a run of six straight Blue Devil goals. “I saw the top defender didn’t slide to me and I took it in,” Smyth said. “They were going on a bit of a run, coaches were saying ‘dig in’ and we stuck to their game plan and I think that got us back in the offensive game.” After Smyth’s tally, Guterding got two in a row, freshman Nakeie Montgomery fired in a score and Smyth himself got another goal off a faceoff win before Quigley wrapped up the scoring for Duke, then in command of an 18-11 lead. Although D’Amario and Kraus, who had 11 of Virginia’s 23 points, had late goals to pad the scoreline, the visiting Blue Devils emerged victorious and owners of the No. 2 seed in the ACC Tournament, which will take place in two weeks in Charlottesville. Before it can focus on postseason play, Duke will have to get through a scrappy Marquette team at home at Koskinen Stadium on Senior Night Friday.

The Chronicle

8 | MONDAY, APRIL 16, 2018 2018


Duke surges into tie for second with strong finish By Drew Johnson Associate Sports Editor

With a last-minute lineup change and a less-than-healthy roster, the Blue Devils had their work cut out for them this weekend to avoid their first winless spring regular season since 2013. Unfortunately for Duke, a slow start against a field stacked with the nation’s top squads had the team playing catch-up and created a deficit too difficult to overcome. The Blue Devils turned in a 54-hole, 1-overpar score at the Liz Murphey Collegiate Classic in Athens, Ga., putting the team in a tie for second alongside No. 2 Arkansas. Fifth-ranked Duke had some impressive individual finishes and found its form during the final 36 holes— highlighted by the event’s low final round of

3-under-par Saturday—but struggled to keep pace with No. 1 Alabama in Friday’s morning round, after which the Blue Devils were 16 shots back from the eventual champions. “We had a great round,” Brooks said. “Our last two rounds, if you combine them, were tied for the low for the tournament for those two days, so that’s a great way to close. We just need to get a little bit more consistent when we start out. We got ourselves in a little bit of a hole again on that first day, a little too much of a hole, so we just talked about how we’ve got to get down and just work hard and get our short games going and see if we can’t find consistency from all three rounds.” As has been the trend this spring, the Blue Devils were spearheaded by a mix of young and old, with senior Leona Maguire and freshman Jaravee Boonchant leading the way.

Sanjeev Dasgupta | Sports Photography Editor

Jaravee Boonchant had an eagle in both of the first two rounds on her way to another top10 finish as one of Duke’s most consistent performers.

Boonchant opened the tournament with a round of 70 Friday morning, highlighted by a 14-hole, bogey-free stretch that included two birdies and her second collegiate eagle, which she made on the par-5 ninth hole. The Bangkok native stayed in form during her second Friday round by posting another 70 that also included an eagle—this time, on the par-4 fourth hole—to sit in a tie for fifth place after day one. Boonchant followed things up a final-round 73, with Brooks noting that the higher score Saturday was simply a matter of a few short putts missed by the freshman. Carding her seventh top-10 finish of the season, Leona Maguire tied for third at 6-under-par. Maguire shot 70 in the opening round and closed with a 71 Saturday, but the senior’s best score came Friday afternoon, when she hit 15 greens in regulation and had just 30 putts to turn in a 3-under-par 69 and tie for the lowest score of any competitor in the second round. The Cavan, Ireland, native made her mark on the record books this weekend, too, as her Friday afternoon score allowed her to pass Amanda Blumenherst’s record for the most career rounds of even-par or better in school history. “Her intelligence on the golf course is beyond her years,” Brooks said. “She’s a very smart player, and I think everybody in the field wishes they could just watch her negotiate a golf course.” Virginia Elena Carta tied for the team’s third-lowest score, but was not even supposed to be in the lineup until a knee injury to Miranda Wang took the freshman out of competition days before the event. Recovering from an injury of her own, the junior made the unexpected start in Wang’s place and ended up tying for 28th place at 7-over-par. Carta’s opening round was her first competitive one of the spring, which she used to shake the rust off with a 77 before leveraging three birdies

against three bogeys to sign for an even-par round Friday afternoon and shooting a 74 in Saturday’s round. Brooks said he was originally concerned about Carta playing 36 holes in one day, but that overall she managed the tournament well given the circumstances. After struggling to keep black numbers off the card during her first 36 holes with rounds of 75 and 79, Ana Belac had just one bogey Saturday and made four birdies in a stretch of eight holes to shoot 69. The strong final round is a continuation of an interesting pattern for the sophomore, who has posted the lowest Duke score of the final round in each of her last three tournaments despite never finishing better than third on the team in any of those events. Like Carta, Belac tied for 28th at 7-over-par. Senior Lisa Maguire saw improvement on the final day as well—after rounds of 80 and 77 through 36 holes, Maguire notched her second-best score of the year with a 72 to help her tie for 41st at 13-over-par. Hannah O’Sullivan, who won the 2015 U.S. Women’s Amateur, also competed in the event as an individual and finished in 69th after rounds of 85, 85 and 86. The freshman could not avoid big numbers throughout the contest—each of her rounds included at least two double bogeys or worse—but Brooks noted that she has recognized a mechanical adjustment in her swing that should allow her to improve moving forward. “Hannah will be back playing the kind of golf that you’ve heard about,” Brooks said “We’re just trying to be patient, make sure she enjoys the process, but I think we’ve made a little bit of a discovery...I don’t want to overstate it, but it was maybe a little bit of a breakthrough.” The Blue Devils will have a quick turnaround as they compete in next week’s ACC Championship in Greensboro, N.C., April 21-23.


Blue Devils pick up 2 wins with Alvarez back By Michael Model Associate Blue Zone Editor

After dropping back-to-back matches without their top player last weekend, the Blue Devils bounced back into form following redshirt junior Nicolas Alvarez’s return. No. 20 Duke defeated both Clemson and Georgia Tech at home this weekend. Coming off a 2 5-2 victory against Clemson Friday CLEM 5 at Ambler Tennis Stadium, the Blue DUKE Devils carried their success over to a 1 4-1 takedown of Georgia Tech Sunday GT 4 afternoon at the Sheffield Indoor DUKE Tennis Center after being forced to relocate mid-match due to thunderstorms. Alvarez rejoined his team Friday after spending last weekend in Metepec, Mexico competing for his native country of Peru in the Davis Cup. Alvarez evened the match against Mexico 1-1 with a 6-3, 3-6, 6-4 victory Saturday against Luis Patino. “It’s always very special to represent the country where I grew up, where I have so many friends and family,” Alvarez said. “I feel like when I play for Peru, I am playing for all of them, for the entire country and for myself too... It was a very nice atmosphere in Mexico. I told the guys it’s comparable to playing a 3-3 clincher with 1,500 people watching your court.” Duke (15-10, 6-4 in the ACC) got out to a hot start against the Tigers (9-9, 3-7) Friday. The Blue Devils took the match’s first point in a hurry with a pair of dominant 6-2 victories. Alvarez

and junior Catalin Mateas defeated the nation’s 31st-best doubles team in Alex Favrot and Simon Baudry. Juniors Ryan Dickerson and Jason Lapidus also tookdown Carlos Kelaidis and Marshall Dagostine by the same margin. After grabbing an early advantage, Duke carried its success onto the singles courts. No. 16 Alvarez defeated No. 64 Favrot 6-4, 6-2 on Court 1—the first of four singles victories for the Blue Devils. Sophomore Nick Stachowiak needed a tiebreaker to take down Sam Edwards 6-4, 7-6 (3) on Court 3. Fellow sophomore Robert Levine and junior Ryan Dickerson earned the fourth and fifth points for Duke. Levine defeated Kalaidis 6-4, 6-4 on Court 5, while Dickerson dominated Reed Rabideau 6-0, 6-2 on Court 6. However, not everyone found themselves in the win column. Mateas and sophomore Spencer Furman fell to their respective opponents Baudry and Yizhou Liu 6-3, 6-2 and 6-3, 6-4—just minor blemishes on a strong start to the weekend for the Blue Devils. “We had our worst weekend of the year last weekend, two rough losses, so this was an important weekend for us to pick up two wins,” Duke head coach Ramsey Smith said. “We’ve shown a little bit more consistency in doubles. We’ve won our last three doubles points with three different combinations. We’ve kind of been plugging guys in and out due to some injuries and illnesses, but the overall level of doubles has been good and that definitely sets the tone.” In Sunday’s matchup against Georgia Tech (5-15, 1-9), Duke was back in the attack from the onset. The Blue Devils quickly earned the doubles point with a 6-1 win by Dickerson and Lapidus

versus Phillip Gresk and Andrew Li, followed by a 6-3 victory courtesy of No. 81 Stachowiak and freshman Sean Sculley against Elijah Melendez and Chris Yun. On the singles courts, the Blue Devils stretched their lead to 2-0 after a dominant 6-1, 6-3 victory by Levine against Melendez on Court 4. Moments later, Alvarez extended Duke’s lead to three See M. TENNIS on Page 9

Ju Hyun Jeon | Associate Photography Editor

Nicolas Alvarez returned for an undefeated weekend after representing Peru in the Davis Cup last weekend.

The Chronicle

FOOTBALL FROM PAGE 6 most improved awards presented in an on-field ceremony, with Kraeling earning the other. “The freshman 15—he did that quickly in fall,” Cutcliffe said of Jackson. “He’s in a great place in terms of conditioning and also just learning the offense. He has done that all spring long. He’s the best receiving and route-running running back that I’ve been around.” Secondary looks to fill hole left by Bryon Fields Jr. Stud sophomore cornerback Mark Gilbert will start, but Duke will have to replace his corner partner from last year. Redshirt freshman Myles Hudzick has stood out for Cutcliffe so far—he earned one of three defensive most improved awards— but Cutcliffe is exploring all options. He views secondary players as versatile and isn’t scared of slotting in safeties at cornerback so far.

“We have safeties that can play corner and corners that can play safety,” Cutcliffe said. “Everybody should be able to cover and tackle. Why do we have to differentiate between them? What we’re seeing on the back end right now is five guys that are defensive backs—and we’ve got about 10 of them right now.” The Blue Devils will also have to weather the loss of defensive coordinator Jim Knowles, who left Durham to take the same position at Oklahoma State in January. Knowles had been the defensive coordinator since 2010 and employed a distinctive defensive set with just two linebackers—something that continued Saturday. Junior linebacker Ben Humphreys said the defense has been focusing on fundamentals, not schematics, this spring, and will continue to be the leader of a Duke defense that should be stout once again. “We’ve all been there, through the highs and the lows,” Humphreys said. “We’re excited to build on what we’ve done.”

MONDAY, APRIL 16, 2018 | 9





minimum for another win. with a controlling 6-3, 6-2 win against No. In the third singles position, McCarthy was 54 Carlos Divar on Court 1. The former Alleven with her Panther opponent at 3-all before American got off to a slow start, dropping she took the opening set 6-4. In the second set, three of the first five games in the match the Blue Devil junior went down an early break before taking six of the last eight games to 1-3 and 2-4 until she took the next three games earn the victory. to take the advantage. In the end, McCarthy “I started off a little slow,” Alvarez won in a tiebreak 6-4, 7-6 (4). said. “My legs were feeling a little heavy— Last on the court was the sixth singles match sometimes it’s nerves or tension—but once between Zhao and Tokyo native Natsumi I got a break, I started feeling better, started Okamoto. The Duke freshman made quick moving better. Overall, he was not an easy work of her opponent in the first set to win 6-2. opponent, but I feel like I was in control for But Okamoto responded and took the second most of the match.” frame 7-5 when Zhao missed a backhand long About an hour and a half into to cap a lengthy rally. competition, both teams were forced to In the third-set super tiebreaker, Zhao won relocate indoors due to thunderstorms. six of the final eight points and closed it out Once inside, the Blue Devils poured it on. 10-5 for her ninth ACC win of the season. Duke took four of the six sets played indoors, The Blue Devils finished the road conference including the 7-5, 6-3 clincher by Stachowiak schedule with only one loss for the second year against Gresk on Court 3. Stachowiak gave in a row. Duke will return home for its final the Blue Devils the deciding fourth victory, home weekend of the season, as the Blue Devils with the lone loss coming on Court 6, where will meet the nation’s top team at 6 p.m. Friday Dickerson fell to Yun 6-2, 6-3. before closing out the regular season at noon “It was actually nice we got to play outside next Sunday. as much as we did,” Smith said. “We knew the Duke remains at the top of the conference wind was going to pick up before the rain standings alongside No. 1 North Carolina. The came, so we were just mentally prepared to go Blue Devils dropped the doubles point in their indoors and once we did, I just told the guys first meeting of the season in the semifinals of that it’s a huge advantage for us... They’re a the ITA Indoor Championships Feb. 11 and little bit different than our outdoor courts went on to lose 4-1. and we get to play here all the time. I thought “The biggest thing for us is to make sure that our initial burst of energy indoors got us in we’re rested and we come out with a lot of energy that winning position and we were able to and a lot of excitement. We don’t have anything finish it off.” to protect. We just have to go out there and With the win Sunday, Duke has now won play aggressive tennis and see what happens,” four consecutive matches with Alvarez on the Ashworth said. “We learned a lot from playing court. The Blue Devils will look to close out Theseason New York Corporation last time, but I don’t think technically we their regular on aTimes strong Syndication note when Salesthem 620 Eighth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10018 really have to do anything. We just have to make they travel to Florida weekend Call: to take1-800-972-3550 on Fornext Information we’re as fresh as we can be.” Miami and FloridaFor State. Release April 16, 14,sure 2018 For Release Saturday, Monday, April 2018

Ian Jaffe | Photography Editor

A.J. Reed made a field goal from 46 yards out during Saturday’s scrimmage.


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The Chronicle

Reunion and reminder


his Saturday, an alumni gift-giving ceremony in Page Auditorium was the scene of twenty-five undergraduate students taking the stage from President Vincent Price. The impetus for their actions was the fifty year anniversary of the Silent Vigil, a retrospectivelypraised hallmark of Duke’s tradition of student activism. Occupying Price’s podium, the students linked arms and announced a damning review of a myriad institutional inequities to the gathered alumni. They condemned administrative tendencies of evasion rather than confrontation, of task forces rather than conversation and of unbounded—almost hubristic— reminiscence rather than painfully holistic reflection. This type of institutional critique champions the idea that it is necessary to conserve what we remember Duke for, while also chipping away at anachronistic skeletons. Regardless of the debate over the activists’ tactics, this demonstration has and will continue to facilitate student conversation on topics of institutional inequity. Critiques that have surfaced regarding the potential for alienating some alum aside, the activists’ attention-grabbing methods and the sheer breadth of their stated goals are indicative of their primary aim being

not immediate reform, but rather the ignition of a debate that may well outlast four years. Central to their motives for choosing this type of protest is consistent institutional evasiveness. Forcing the hand of a reluctant administration may surely be critical at times, especially in a situation where administrators have been stably in office throughout several graduating classes. Nevertheless, some have questioned the adoption of this resort in the inaugural year of President Price’s tenure as it may risk turning past complaints of

Editorial Board evasion—not uncommon in President Brodhead’s administration—into a self-fulfilling prophecy. Concerns over donation impacts have surfaced as well given how the assembled former Blue Devils were there to present class gifts. However, available data from previous years call into question the supposed threat that student activism poses to financial gifts from alums. In 2016, for example— the year of the week-long, heavily publicized Allen Building protest—Duke had record-shattering donations.

“Duke students are trying to change the status quo of only the privileged elite being able to attend top-tier schools like Duke. The military having a better loan system speaks volumes about the flawed funding in higher education.”

—Will Ye on April 14 report, “Group of students protests President Price’s alumni address, issues demands”

LETTERS POLICY The Chronicle welcomes submissions in the form of letters to the editor or guest columns. Submissions must include the author’s name, signature, department or class, and for purposes of identification, phone number and local address. Letters should not exceed 325 words; contact the editorial department for information regarding guest columns. The Chronicle will not publish anonymous or form letters or letters that are promotional in nature. The Chronicle reserves the right to edit letters and guest columns for length, clarity and style and the right to withhold letters based on the discretion of the editorial page editor.

Historically, disruptive student activism has been of critical utility in the way of incurring positive change. This isn’t to say that student protests become effectual overnight. Rather, the pressure of urgency that they create push administrators to act. Additionally, the conversation sparked by these types of demonstrations plant seeds of discontent that indeed often spark necessary conversations between administrators and activists. Even in the short term, brazen acts of protest are symbolic of the role of students in holding the administration accountable for their actions—or lack thereof. The book on the demands of Saturday’s student activists remains open. Like always, only time will tell what comes after this latest public airing of grievances. The precedent handed down by President Price’s response is capable of setting the tone for student activism throughout the rest of his tenure—something that will outlast most of our time as undergraduates. Presented to us is a conflict that will hopefully give way to reform and progress. It is without a doubt that passionate student activists will continue to remind current students, alumni and the administration, that milestones like the Silent Vigil should not be a onetime occurrence.

Letter to the editor


Est. 1905

The Chronicle commentary

10 | MONDAY, APRIL 16, 2018 2018

Direct submissions to: E-mail: Editorial Page Department The Chronicle Box 90858, Durham, NC 27708 Phone: (919) 684-2663 Fax: (919) 684-4696

The Chronicle

Inc. 1993

LIKHITHA BUTCHIREDDYGARI, Editor HANK TUCKER, Sports Editor KENRICK CAI, News Editor SAM TURKEN, Managing Editor VIR PATEL, Senior Editor ADAM BEYER, Digital Strategy Team Director IAN JAFFE, Photography Editor JACKSON PRINCE, Editorial Page Editor ALAN KO, Editorial Board Chair SYDNEY ROBERTS, Editorial Board Chair CHRISSY BECK, General Manager ISABELLE DOAN, University News Department Head BRE BRADHAM, Local & National News Head NATHAN LUZUM, Health & Science News Head SHAGUN VASHISTH, Health & Science News Head JIM LIU, News Photography Editor WILL ATKINSON, Recess Editor NINA WILDER, Recess Managing Editor SUJAL MANOHAR, Recess Photography Editor SANJEEV DASGUPTA, Sports Photography Editor MITCHELL GLADSTONE, Sports Managing Editor LEAH ABRAMS, Editorial Page Managing Editor CARLY STERN, Editorial Page Managing Editor NEAL VAIDYA, Audio Editor JAMIE COHEN, Social Media Editor JEREMY CHEN, Graphic Design Editor CLAIRE BALLENTINE, Towerview Editor JUAN BERMUDEZ, Online Photography Editor NEELESH MOORTHY, Towerview Editor NEELESH MOORTHY, Investigations Editor ABIGAIL XIE, Investigations Editor CAROLYN CHANG, Towerview Photography Editor CAROLINE BROCKETT, Recruitment Chair CLAIRE BALLENTINE, Recruitment Chair SHAGUN VASHISTH, Recruitment Chair SARAH KERMAN, Senior News Reporter KATHERINE BERKO, Senior News Reporter SAMANTHA NEAL, Senior News Reporter LEXI KADIS, Senior News Reporter BRENDA LARSON, Advertising Director JULIE MOORE, Creative Director The Chronicle is published by the Duke Student Publishing Company, Inc., a non-profit corporation independent of Duke University. The opinions expressed in this newspaper are not necessarily those of Duke University, its students, faculty, staff, administration or trustees. Unsigned editorials represent the majority view of the editorial board. Columns, letters and cartoons represent the views of the authors. To reach the Editorial Office at 301 Flowers Building, call 684-2663 or fax 684-4696. To reach the Business Office at 1517 Hull Avenue call 684-3811. To reach the Advertising Office at 2022 Campus Drive call 684-3811. One copy per person; additional copies may be purchased for .25 at The Chronicle Business office at the address above. @ 2018 Duke Student Publishing Company


want to commend the campus activists who took a stand on Saturday to deliver the People’s State of the University. It takes both bravery and resilience to stand up in front of a crowd and eloquently advocate for the rights of marginalized students, staff, and faculty on our campus. I am confident that our university

Kristina Smith DSG PRESIDENT-ELECT would not be the place that it is today without the courageous work of activists who are now celebrated Duke Alumni. Yet, there is more work that needs to be done, and the demands made by the students on Saturday articulated a vision forward. Together, they are demanding more from Duke University. Together, they demand a more welcoming, a safer, and a more progressive Duke University that prioritizes the needs of not one marginalized identity or community, but rather for all marginalized identities on this campus. Some may say that the list of demands is too broad or all encompassing, but I would encourage those critics to see the immense value in a group of people, all of varying identities, who so firmly believe that all marginalized communities should be supported institutionally.

The People’s State of the University addresses the experiences and needs of students of color, low-income and first-generation students, and students with disabilities. It advocates for the protection and safety of undocumented students. It demands more support for survivors of sexual violence, especially the women of color and students in the LGBTQIA+ community who are disproportionately affected by this violence. It implores the university to hold itself accountable to its staff members and to the city of Durham, as they are continually impacted by the decisions that Duke makes. These student demands are important both for the students on campus today and the generations of Duke students to come. To borrow the words of the activists themselves, they deserve to work with an administration that also believes that “it is necessary for us to imagine a better future; and inevitably, to gather the courage to create that future for those to come.” Having worked extensively with our administration, I know that they also want to create a better future for Duke. As it is my responsibility to amplify the voices of students and help them raise their questions, concerns, and demands to the Duke administration, I look forward to supporting these activists and working alongside the administration to make their vision for Duke a reality. Kristina Smith is a Trinity junior and the DSG President-Elect.

Letter to the editor


ongratulations to The Chronicle’s Sam Turken and editorial staff for illuminating the role that Duke alum Heath Freeman, ‘02, and his company Alden Global Capital plays in

Lisa Krieger TRINITY ‘77

undermining American journalism. Freeman’s hedge fund, with a short-term investment perspective, is demanding substantial profits and stripping revenues from its newspaper properties. Just weeks after The Bay Area News Group won

the 2017 Pulitzer Prize, budget cutbacks reduced the newsroom staff by 20 positions. “The Newspaper of Silicon Valley” no longer has a K-12 reporter, a higher education reporter, health reporter or county reporter. This comes at a time when newspapers are struggling to reinvent themselves for the digital future—which requires an investment in staff, not cuts. Freeman and his company have helped turn Silicon Valley into a news desert. We can’t shrink our way to success. By accepting gifts from Freeman, Duke is an accomplice in this wrongdoing. Kudos to The Chronicle for shining a light on Duke’s role in the Freeman/Alden debacle. Lisa Krieger is a Trinity ‘77 alumnae and a science and research reporter for The San Jose Mercury News.

The Chronicle commentary

MONDAY, APRIL 16, 2018 | 11

Looking into living wages for graduate students


wenty-four thousand eight hundred dollars ($24,800)—the Duke Graduate School estimate of the cost-of-living in Durham. Twenty-two thousand nine hundred and twelve dollars ($22,912)—the guaranteed stipend graduate students are paid to live in Durham. Currently, a gap of almost $2,000 separates many Duke graduate student workers from what Duke considers a livable wage—a conservative estimate in the first place that does not adequately cover the cost-of-living in a rapidly developing area. Graduate student workers do crucial work for the university including acting as instructors, teaching assistants and research assistants. Why aren’t they paid a living wage? Duke PhD students in years one through five are currently guaranteed a ninemonth stipend of around $22,912 (slightly increasing to $23,370 next academic year). Some students, especially in the sciences, receive funding year-round, but in many departments across campus, students face uncertainty during the summer months, do not receive payment for their work until the end of September and have little support when moving to Durham. In summer 2017, Duke promised to increase the minimum wage for “all eligible Duke employees and full-time contract workers” to $15 per hour by July 1, 2019. This does not include many groups on campus, including graduate student workers. Members of the Duke Graduate Students Union have been circulating a petition that seeks for graduate student workers to be included in this move toward a livable wage. We ask that Duke: Firstly, extend the campus-wide wage increase to include the 2,500 graduate student workers on campus. Assuming an average

40-hour workweek, this would mean that PhD stipends would increase to a $31,200 pay floor for a 12-month pay cycle. To be sure, some graduate students work fewer than 40 hours a week, and some, especially in the sciences, work far more. We are not asking Duke to artificially cap our hours, but to pay us the equivalent of a living wage for fulltime employees. This increase would make it easier for all graduate student workers to finish their

pertaining to maternity care, you would be hard-pressed to support a child (let alone multiple children) in daycare without external help or taking on private loans while taking classes and teaching at Duke as a graduate student,” she said. “If Duke expects its graduate parents to be able to focus their time on graduate studies and teaching at a full-time capacity, they should take a hard look at the capabilities that their graduate stipends afford.”

Graduate student workers do crucial work for the university including acting as instructors, teaching assistants and research assistants. Why aren’t they paid a living wage?

just get a job,’ is a question I have heard before. Foreign students do not have the option of securing income off-campus because Immigrations regulations prohibit work offcampus. This means: no coffee shop job, no waiting tables, no occasional freelancing gig here and there. It is not an option.” Thirdly, we ask that the funding cycle begin in August to match the academic calendar, rather than in September, to avoid unnecessary hardship for incoming and continuing students. New graduate students are expected to be on campus in August or earlier for orientation and to begin work on courses and research projects, but many do not get paid until the last day of September. A graduate student who wishes to remain anonymous found this affected their work at the beginning of their first year.

Hannah Rogers

Hannah Rogers (English, fifth-year PhD Student) is the director of communications for Secondly, the Duke Graduate Students the Duke Graduate Students Union, Local 27, Union asks that Duke pay all graduate Southern Region Workers United SEIU writing workers on a 12-month pay cycle so that all on behalf of DGSU’s Pay Regularity Campaign. graduate student workers will make a living For more information about DGSU, please wage year-round. visit Although we are expected to continue working on our projects year-round, many graduate workers are not consistently guaranteed summer support from their programs. This is especially true for students in humanities departments. Having a 12-month funding cycle would allow us to focus on our academic work and would provide stability we currently do not have, especially for international students. Anastasia Karklia, a graduate student from Latvia who works in the Literature department, says, “‘If you do not have a safety net or a support network, well, ‘why don’t you Fifth-year English PhD Student

degrees on time and without undue financial stress, but it would in particular help those with dependents, large student loan debts and/or chronic medical conditions. Many of us find it challenging to live on less than $24,800 a year. These challenges are so obvious that the university helped to establish a food pantry of non-perishables and basic necessities for graduate students who struggle to make ends meet with their meager stipend. The current pay makes graduate school especially hard for parents. A graduate student parent who wishes to remain anonymous spoke of the challenges she faces: “Full-time daycare in my city ranges from $900-1500 per month, which equates to half or more than half of my monthly stipend.” “On top of expenditures and medical bills

Want more on DGSU? Continue the conversation with DGSU online at

Inactive Democrats can expect a blue trickle


n Civil Disobedience, Henry David Thoreau wonders why we are content to be miserable and do nothing about it. “How can a man be satisfied to entertain an opinion merely, and enjoy it? Is there any enjoyment in it, if his opinion is that he is aggrieved?” We might put this question to Democrats on the Hill. How

Tim Kowalczyk COLUMNIST

can you think our state of affairs is so disordered, and yet do so little to change it? Take DACA, for example. President Trump announced the end of DACA on Sept. 5, 2017. Since then, Democrats are finding it easier and easier to abandon their principles. According to Slate, Senate Democrats announced their willingness to move forward on a budget deal without provisions for DACA on Jan. 25. According to Politico, House Democrats were less willing to cave; but the damage was done. DACA was off the table. CNN reports that Democrats and Republicans alike approved a budget deal with no mention of DACA on Feb. 8. March 5, the deadline for congressional action, has come and gone. According to The Guardian, Dreamers are effectively in limbo. The Supreme Court rejected “the Trump administration’s unusual request to bypass a federal appeals court” in ending the program, with the result that reapplications for DACA will be heard indefinitely. The Democrats have fallen silent on DACA. Nancy Pelosi epitomizes their abject failure to defend their position. In December, The Hill quoted a resolute Pelosi promising action before the holiday recess: “We will not leave here without a DACA fix.” Three short months and eight hours of talk later, the sometimes-Speaker is strangely silent. The Democrats have backed down on DACA. The Democrats have backed down on many things. The

Democrats, while happy (per Reuters) to criticize Scott Pruitt’s spending habits, have done little to reverse his dismantling of the EPA. The Democrats earned a mention in The New York Times for their outrage over the GOP’s last-minute tax bill, but haven’t fought for an alternative since the bill’s passage. When the Trump GOP huffs and puffs, the Democrats fall down. Clearly, the Democrats have learned nothing from 2016. Their national strategy—if I might generalize— was “We’re better than Trump, we promise.” Even Hillary Clinton’s campaign slogan, “Stronger Together,” was less a unique vision than a reaction to Trump’s vitriol. Democrats need to stand for something, and do so resolutely, and tell people that they do. According to Roll Call, this was one of President Obama’s first criticisms of the defeated Clinton campaign: Democrats assumed support but didn’t fight for it. Wittingly or not, the Democrats have defined themselves as the Party that Isn’t Trump. By retreating from every fight that would enable them to maintain this weak identity, Democrats are surrendering what little character they have left. Despite this inexplicable inaction, many publications are still hoping for a “Blue Wave” this November. But the facts are simple: Democrats on the Hill are doing little. No one votes for silence. The Blue Wave is starting to look like a blue trickle. Consider why Democrats are giddy: they seem to be polling well, and have the stunning special election victories of Sen. Doug Jones (D-AL) and Rep. Conor Lamb (D-PA) to show for it. But Democrats shouldn’t hold their breath. According to The New York Times, Jones won by a margin of 1.7 percent and some 20,715 votes. According to USA Today, Lamb won by just under 800 votes. These are not numbers that make you sleep well. Yes, Doug Jones won in a red state, but his opponent had no reputation to run on. Yes, Conor Lamb won in a district which went to Trump by 20 points; but he just barely scraped by. Jones and Lamb won by a combined margin just north of 1.7 percent. The Pew Research Center reports an election poll’s margin of error at 3 percent.

The Democratic Party’s inaction has given voters little reason to vote for Democrats generally. These victories were local, not Democratic. Voters weren’t voting for Democrat Doug Jones or Democrat Conor Lamb; they voted for Jones and Lamb as good candidates in themselves. As Time and The New Yorker report, Jones and Lamb fought their way to victory with the help of massive grassroots campaigning. Let’s assume that Democrats do in fact have their eyes set upon the House and Senate this November. They can continue to hope beyond hope that the Herculean efforts of part-time volunteers will carry them to a national victory, or they might want their full-time salaried civil servants to support national ambitions with national activity. Our politics today are refracted through the spectrum of Trump; every vote seems like a referendum on his presidency. In a nation whose eyes are fixed on Washington, how do Democrats plan to win when their presence in Washington is hardly noticed? In sum, Democrats on the Hill need to do something— anything—if they hope for substantial victories this November. Eight long months separate Democrats from November. How much more ground can they lose? How many more people could they fail to protect, what other local efforts could they betray by their inaction and what other positions could they abandon if they continue on their present course? No one can deny that Democratic efforts in Congress will continue to be stonewalled so long as Republicans hold a majority. Not every Democratic proposal is good, not every Republican proposal is bad: this is simply the way things have been going. But there is no need for the Democrats to admit defeat. Victory is no sure thing, and winning it will be hard, but simply fighting and showing the will to win might show voters that Democrats can still do some good. I close with the words of Winston Churchill. “Success is not final, failure is not fatal: it is the courage to continue that counts.” Tim Kowalczyk is a Trinity junior. His column runs on alternate Mondays.


The Chronicle

12 | MONDAY, APRIL 16, 2018


o Run the Al-Buehler Trail at WaDuke o Cook dinner in your dorm

o Chill with the lemurs at Duke’s Lemur Center o Go to a Def-Mo show o Live it up at an SLG event

o Treat yourself to a steak dinner at Angus Barn o Bring your family members to Shooters (just make sure they leave by midnight)

o Grub for free at Midnight Breakfast o Make your own bagel sandwich

o Take a service-learning class

o Visit the Duke Marine Lab

at Monuts… then

o Meander through the Duke Gardens

o Chat with a basketball player

get a donut for

o Dip a grilled cheese into some tomato soup at the

o Run for the bus (it doesn’t count if you catch it) o Treat yourself on food points at the Commons o See the fall foliage in the Blue Ridge Mountains o Ride the bull then dance in the

Divinity Cafe o Check out local art galleries at Third Friday Durham o Buy wine or champagne on food points o Read an issue of FORM and check out The Standard o Quiz yourself at Trivia Night at Fullsteam o Grab lunch at the Law School

cage at Shooters

dessert o Show up to a frat party o Do the walk-up line for a non-UNC game o Watch a game with friends at Satisfaction o Drive through Cook-Out late night and order a milkshake

o Order The Pile at Geer Street

o Attend Me Too Monologues, All of the Above, or a


Hoof ‘n’ Horn production

o Make Dean’s List

o Play an IM sport

o Go to the activities fair as a freshman, sign-up for 10+

o See a movie at the annual Full Frame Documentary

clubs, and get spammed with emails for the next four

Film Festival

years o Take a dip in the ocean at Wrightsville Beach

o Treat yourself to an ice cream sandwich from Rose’s

o Host a Duke radio broadcast

Meat and Sweets Shop

o See the Pitchforks or another student a cappella

o Get a Cosmic burrito after a long night out

group perform

o Instagram the Chapel/take a Chapel selfie

o Dance for a cause at the Duke Dance Marathon

o Go “crazie” at the Duke-UNC basketball game

o Enroll in a golf class at The Washington Duke

o See a show at the Carolina Theatre

o Make it to midnight pizza on LDOC

o Travel to an away sporting event

o Indulge at The Parlour (get the advanced bowl with

o Devour chicken and waffles at Dame’s

o Go-kart at Frankie’s Fun Park o Tent in K-Ville

up to four scoops) o Take a class on a topic outside of your major that’s not a requirement o Check out the galleries at the 21c Museum Hotel o Get kicked out of Perkins at closing o Attend a Chapel service o Dress up and head to Franklin Street for Halloween o Flunch a professor o Take an impulsive trip to another college campus o Grab a burger at King’s Sandwich Shop

o Take an art class o Actually check a book out of the library o Get outside your comfort zone and study in a brandnew city for a semester o Sample local food at the Durham Farmer’s Market on Saturday o Paint your face Duke blue and show your spirit in the student section at Cameron o See the Ciompi Quartet perform at Baldwin o Tailgate for a Duke football game o See a local band play at Motorco o Go to The Nasher to check-out art exhibits, then grab brunch at the Café o Cheer on the Durham Bulls

o Sample bites at a Food Truck Rodeo o Go to a sporting event outside of Cameron or Wallace Wade o Make your way to a Carolina Hurricanes game at PNC Arena o Walk the American Tobacco District o STINF a class – we won’t ask any questions o Study in the Mary Duke Biddle Music Library o Drink at The Loop on food points o Table for a cause o Order in Jimmy John’s or Heavenly Buffaloes after 2 a.m. o Catch a concert at Cat’s Cradle o Play volleyball on central o Attend a rally o Drink out of a famous blue cup at He’s Not Here in Chapel Hill o Grab breakfast on 9th St. at Happy and Hale or Elmo’s o Watch live music at the Coffeehouse o See an event at DPAC o Go to O-week after your freshman year

o Go wild at beach week in Myrtle Beach o Study in the Gothic Reading Room o Explore the tunnels on East Campus o Study at Cocoa Cinnamon o Run around the East Campus loop o Swim in the Central pool o Cut your own pizza at Pompieri o Attend summer session o Re-visit your freshman year dorm o Explore the Duke Basketball Museum o Climb to the top of the Chapel o Hike to Eno Quarry and swim o Challenge yourself through DukeEngage o Enjoy Jazz at the Mary Lou Williams Center o Taste authentic southern BBQ at The Pit or Q-Shack o Don’t fall behind at Duke – sign up for The Chronicle’s weekly email blast at o Read an issue of The Chronicle cover-to-cover

April 16, 2018  
April 16, 2018