December 3, 2021 / End of Semester Issue

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The Chronicle

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The independent news organization at Duke University




‘And I wish I could do it forever’

Critics allege The legacy of Dean Sue Wasiolek’s decades at Duke gerrymandering in new state legislative maps

By Chris Kuo

Enterprise Editor

When I called Sue Wasiolek on a Thursday in late June, it was her final week as facultyin-residence in Gilbert-Addoms dorm. Earlier that day, she had given a tour of her apartment for the next faculty-in-residence. On Wednesday, she would begin moving her things out. By Saturday night, she’d be gone. “I thought the saddest day of my life was the day that I was told that I would no longer be the dean of students,” said Wasiolek, who was wearing a striped V-neck and a pair of AirPods. “But I think the saddest day of my life will be next week when I move out of [Gilbert-Addoms].” For the past four decades, Wasiolek has been a University icon and a bastion of the Duke community. She has spent 40 years with the University’s Division of Student Affairs, and her fingerprints are on every facet of student life, from mental health services and residential life to Greek life and disability services. During her eight years as faculty-inresidence in Gilbert-Addoms, she welcomed hundreds of first-years into her cow-themed apartment, offering fresh-baked brownies and a big smile. When students tried to burn a bench without a permit after a basketball game, Wasiolek was there, surrounded by students, grinning and snapping selfies with Cameron Crazies. She has taught, advised and mentored countless Blue Devils. And though she was removed from her role as dean last year, current students, alumni and professors still refer to her as Dean Sue—the beloved, quintessential dean of students. Now, for the first time in years, incoming first-years will experience East Campus without Wasiolek. As of June 1, she is no longer a faculty-in-residence in Gilbert-Addoms. She also left Student Affairs last December. Stunned and sad, the Duke community is reeling from the loss. “Dean Sue has a legacy. She’s been here so long, and it’s heartbreaking that she’s leaving

By Anisha Reddy Associate News Editor

Bella Bann | Photography Editor During her eight years as faculty-in-residence, Sue Wasiolek welcomed hundreds of first-years into her cow-themed apartment, offering fresh-baked brownies and a big smile.

because she’s devoted her whole life to Duke,” senior Catherine McMillan said. She said she and her friends were shocked to find out about Wasiolek’s departure from East Campus. “I just wonder if it had to be this way,” McMillan said. On July 2, Wasiolek moved into a townhouse in Durham. She now has a job as executive-in-residence at Arcadia University in Pennsylvania, and she will be teaching

I can get very teary eyed about it. Because I really feel like it’s the end of something that has been such a source of joy for me. sue wasiolek

former dean of students

higher education law at North Carolina State University this fall. Leaving Gilbert-Addoms was painful, Wasiolek said. “I can get very teary eyed about it. Because I really feel like it’s the end of something that has been just such a source of joy for me … to be living right there on the hall with [the students], and to share their experiences, and to maybe pretend that you can make a difference in their lives,” Wasiolek said. “But at the end of the day, they’re the ones that have made the difference in my life, every single one of those students, whether it’s been someone who has come and wanted to borrow a cup of sugar, or a student who has come to one of my Tuesday open houses, or it’s been a student who’s looking for academic advice, or a student who is facing some kind of disciplinary action, or maybe it’s a student who has just experienced some real tragedy in their lives. It doesn’t matter. It has been the most meaningful eight years that I have spent at Duke. And I wish I could do it forever.”

‘Like having a parent in the building’

Chronicle File Photo Wasiolek planted herself atop the bench for around 45 minutes to prevent students from lighting it on fire after a Duke men’s basketball victory against UNC.

Wasiolek became faculty-in-residence in Gilbert-Addoms in 2013. Every Tuesday evening, Wasiolek would host an open house, where students would stream into her apartment, lured by the smell of brownies. She hosted guest speakers from Duke and Durham, and she would often go out with students to get ice cream or to stroll around downtown. On Thanksgiving Day, students could stop by her apartment for steaming plates of turkey and mashed potatoes. Christmas meant building gingerbread houses with Wasiolek or admiring her Christmas tree, which was always decorated with cow

INSIDE — Good luck on finals! I know I’ll definitely need it. | Serving the University since 1905 |

See DEAN SUE on Page 2 @dukechronicle @dukebasketball |

Following the 2020 census, the North Carolina General Assembly has approved a controversial set of legislative maps. Critics are charging the General Assembly with partisan gerrymandering—deliberately drawing legislative districts to give the ruling party an advantage over others—after they approved new maps for the state Senate, state House of Representatives and United States House of Representatives Nov. 5. Though North Carolina voters are almost evenly divided between Democrats and Republicans, the Congressional House district map would likely give Republicans a 10 to four seat advantage, compared to the current eight to five advantage. The N.C. House map gives Republicans 55 safe seats out of the 61 needed for a majority. Democrats would have to get very lucky and win 20 of the 24 competitive districts to win a majority. The state Senate map also leans heavily in favor of Republicans: there are 24 safe Republican districts, 17 safe Democratic districts and nine toss-ups. “[Republicans] can win a super majority of the state Senate without winning a single Democratic leaning district,” said Blair Reeves, co-founder of grassroots policy organization Carolina Forward. “Cracking” and “packing” are two of the most common gerrymandering strategies, according to Reeves. Cracking involves splitting a group of the opposing party’s voters into multiple districts. For example, the new maps split the state’s three most populous and Democratic counties—Wake, Mecklenburg and Guilford— into three parts each, according to Natasha Marcus, Law School ‘94 and Democratic state senator from Davidson, N.C. “This dilutes the power of the Democratic votes in those counties and divides communities of interest, putting metropolitan areas into districts that are largely rural and far away,” Marcus wrote. See MAPS on Page 2

INSIDE A new housing model Duke’s QuadEx initiative follows in the footsteps of residential college models at PAGE 3 many of its peer institutions.

Soccer seasons end The men’s and women’s soccer teams both lost in the later rounds of their NCAA PAGE 8 tournamens.

Duke doesn’t know the Dead Duke is the antithesis to the Grateful Dead, the representation of a chill, stressfree life, Olivia Bokesch writes. PAGE 10 @thedukechronicle | ©2021 The Chronicle

2 | FRIDAY, DECEMBER 3, 2021

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do is share that with the other students.” Does Wasiolek wish she could return to FROM PAGE 1 Gilbert-Addoms? Absolutely, she says, though she doesn’t ornaments. Ever since her former husband think that’s a possibility. David Malechek gifted her a stuffed cow in Some people think it’s weird that she 1977, Wasiolek has collected “all kinds of cow enjoyed being around young adults so much. things,” she said. Others have told her that she was brave or Senior Sara Kate Baudhuin, who was a courageous. But for her, the students have resident in Gilbert-Addoms during the 2018-19 always been family. academic year, said Wasiolek helped her navigate “You get home at night, and you walk in the unfamiliarity and loneliness of coming to the front of [Gilbert-Addoms], and there are Duke for the first time. She remembers Wasiolek students everywhere,” she said. “They’re in the asking her lots of questions—and remembering study room, in the conference room, they’re the answers in detail. hanging out, they’re going to Marketplace to “She was one of the first people when I was get something to eat. And invariably, when you a first-year who I felt really known by and who walk in, one of them will say, ‘How was your really made an effort to make this place feel day, Dean Sue?’ That’s what families do. That’s like home,” Baudhin said. “And she does that what people who care about each other do. for everybody. I have watched her do this with They ask, ‘How was your day?’ And so, I have hundreds and hundreds of students.” felt very cared for. And I hope that the students Junior Lana Gesinsky, who also lived in have felt the same. Because that’s what I hope Gilbert-Addoms, used to stop by Wasiolek’s they remember me as: someone that cared room every week for cookies, snacks and about and for them.” watch parties for “The Bachelor.” When *** Gesinsky was elected a senator for Duke When I called Wasiolek again in August, she Student Government, Wasiolek sent an email had moved into her townhouse in Durham, congratulating her, even though she had only where she now has an elderly neighbor. known Wasiolek for two weeks. “I’m going from living with 18-year-olds “It was just so comforting freshman year to having a 95-year-old. So I think what I’m to be able to go somewhere. It kind of just gonna do is I’m gonna throw a lot of parties felt like having a parent in the building,” with the 95-year-old and invite Duke students Gesinsky said. over,” she said, grinning. Over the years, Gilbert-Addoms became The next morning was move-in day for the Wasiolek’s home. Class of 2025, and Wasiolek planned to help “To have an open door and to have first-years move in to Gilbert-Addoms. students just wander in, to be able to go to “It makes me really happy to think about concerts with students and go to dinners and that,” she said, her eyes dancing. “I think it will have Thanksgiving dinner every year in my probably be my last time. And I think several apartment for the students who are left on months ago, I may have thought it was gonna campus, there’s nothing that defines home to make me enormously sad. But I think tomorrow me more than that,” she said. “I may have come will bring some closure for me.” in 1973 and not felt like I belonged, but for the Editor’s note: This story has been condensed last eight years in [Gilbert-Addoms], I’ve really to fit into this print edition. Read the full version felt a sense of belonging, and all I’ve wanted to at

Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons The General Assembly approved a new set of controversial legislative maps for North Carolina.

MAPS FROM PAGE 1 Packing does the opposite, grouping many opposing voters into a single district. “And that creates a seat that’s 80% Democratic, it’s super blue. And then everything else, you just make Republican,” Reeves said. With the assistance of computer modeling, mapmakers can draw district lines to reduce the number of competitive seats and increase their party’s chances of gaining a majority. Many voters prefer competitive elections but “a lot of politicians don’t really care about the political representation of the people, they really want to solidify their power,” according to Reeves. Democrats submitted alternative maps, which were graded an A by the nonprofit Princeton Gerrymandering Project. The Republicansupported maps received an F grade. “Democrats offered several amendments that would have cured the violations—drawing districts that met the committee’s adopted criteria better than the Republican map,”


Marcus wrote. “Yet, in almost every case, Republicans rejected our amendments in order to keep their partisan advantage.” In 2019, North Carolina’s previous congressional maps were challenged in court. In Common Cause v. Lewis, the state Supreme Court struck down the maps as partisan gerrymanders and ordered new maps be drawn. The state legislature, however, didn’t change their redistricting tactics after they lost the lawsuit, and were “even more aggressive,” Reeves said. This time, civil rights groups the Southern Coalition for Social Justice, the North Carolina NAACP and Common Cause filed a lawsuit even before the maps were approved. They allege that the legislature’s failure to consider racial data when drawing the maps violates the Voting Rights Act of 1965, the Equal Protection Clause and the constitutional right to assembly. Allison Riggs, co-executive director and chief counsel for voting rights at SCSJ, said the redistricting process “failed North Carolinians by redrawing voting districts for political gain and depriving voters of color of their constitutional rights to fair political representation.”


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How does Duke’s Quadex compare to other colleges’ housing systems? residential neighborhood model where existing Stanford residences were divided into eight University News Editor neighborhoods. Each neighborhood hosts firstDuke’s QuadEx initiative follows in the year and multi-year residences, as well as specialty footsteps of residential college models at many housing, which includes Greek houses and of its peer institutions. apartment-style residences. Incoming first-years Under QuadEx, students will be assigned are assigned to a neighborhood, which most will to one of seven residential Quads before they stay in through their four years. arrive on campus and maintain affiliation with Duke’s QuadEx plan also includes creating their Quad for all four years. Quad courses, titled Duke-Durham 101, First-year students will still live on East which will introduce first-years to Duke Campus, where each residence hall is linked to and Durham and prepare them “for good a West Campus Quad. Sophomores and juniors citizenship in both.” may choose roommates and request to block As part of ResX, Stanford launched a firstwith other students, but they will all be from year core class called Civil, Liberal and Global the same Quad affiliation. Education (COLLEGE), which will “give all The University will also no longer provide first years a shared intellectual experience and dedicated section housing for Greek and non- the opportunity to engage deeply with civic Greek selective living groups after the 2022-23 responsibility and global perspectives.” school year. Most similar to Duke’s QuadEx are This fall, Stanford University piloted ResX, a residential college systems at Yale University, Rice University and Dartmouth College. At Yale, first-years are assigned to one of the 14 colleges before they arrive on campus. Firstyear students live together on Old Campus, but are affiliated with the college that they will live in sophomore year. Likewise at Dartmouth, incoming students are assigned membership to one of six House Communities. First-years Winnie Lu | Features Photography Editor live in a first-year dorm QuadEx’s dorm and quad pairings will begin with the Class of 2025. affiliated with a House and By Milla Surjadi

FRIDAY, DECEMBER 3, 2021 | 3

ON DUKECHRONICLE.COM Forbidden real estate and broken promises: The history of housing inequality in Durham BY KATIE TAN | 11/08/2021 Durham’s houses and highways have existed for decades, but few know the full story behind them.

‘Be vocal and create the change’: Carrie Billy advocates for Duke to better support Native American community BY NADIA BEY | 11/30/2021 “I think to give the sense of identity and respect that Native Students deserve, Duke should acknowledge the original keeps of the land,” she said at the event. then move into the House’s residency halls as a sophomore. Dartmouth also provides houses for Greek and selective living groups. Rice also places each undergraduate as a member of one of the 11 residential colleges before they matriculate. There is no designated first-year campus, although incoming students are allowed to request a roommate or to be assigned to the same college as an incoming student. Rice has no Greek organizations. At Princeton University, incoming students are randomly assigned to one of the six residential colleges, where they must live for their first two years. Students at Harvard University spend their first year in dormitories in Harvard Yard. While Duke will assign students a residential college before they arrive on campus, Harvard randomly assigns them at the end of their first year to one of the 12 Houses, where they remain for the next three years. First-years are provided the option to enter the lottery as a block with up to eight people. Unlike Duke’s model, residential colleges at Harvard, Yale, Rice and Princeton each have their own designated facilities, such as dining halls, libraries and gyms.

Other colleges feature residential college systems that students may voluntarily join. The University of Pennsylvania has 13 College Houses, including five first-year communities, four upperclass communities and four four-year communities. Over 40 specialized communities live in “theme floors” in tight-knit communities within the Houses. Most of the fraternity and sorority houses at UPenn are also University owned and operated. Northwestern University’s residential colleges each have a unifying theme and are headed by faculty members. Students may also choose to live in traditional residence halls. Greek organizations and special interest housing groups are provided housing in either small houses or sections in residence halls. Although the California Institute of Technology has no Greek organizations on campus, their residential college system has a similar process to rush. First-years can participate in “rotation,” where they get to know the eight residential communities and then rank them according to preference for house affiliation. Students who wish to join a house after their first year must go through the house’s membership process.

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on the record Speaking with with Small Town Records’ latest additions, page 6

What are your 2022 resolutions? Tessa Delgo.............write an article

Devinne Moses......................journal

Derek Deng................tiktok infamy

Sasha year, new me

Jonathan Pertile....befriend lemurs

Jules more art

Kerry Rork........................graduate

Anna Rebello......leave east campus

Megan Liu peace

Katherine Zhong......nasher brunch

on the cover: A photo from Durham Arts Council’s “Pieces of Light” exhibit. Photo by Liz Williams. Courtesy of Duke Arts | Instagram.

staff note Not all complaining is made equal. When a concept is important to us as a species, we invent a ton of different words to describe it. It’s why the English language has fifteen thousand words to categorize personality, three thousand words that grapple with the nuances of emotion — and a seemingly endless fountain of terms to describe the simple act of being annoyed about something and telling someone about it. Most synonyms of complaining have one thing in common: they make you really not fun to be around at parties. Whining, bitching, moaning, criticizing, griping, grumbling, and making a stink, if done to excess, are all likely to put a swift end to friendships, relationships, and careers. Consequently, “complainer” is often seen as a dirty word. Nobody wants to be the squeaky wheel that ruins everyone else’s day, and so we take great pains to paint ourselves as unceasing beacons of positivity. Yes, my meal was wonderful, thank you, even though it came to the table ice cold an hour after I

ordered it. No, I’m not upset the bus isn’t running today — I needed to get my ten thousand steps in somehow. Why, I just love paying parking tickets; my money’s going back to support the community! It’s a very American notion, and it’s ingrained in everything from our politics to our education system to the cultural slang we use. We’re taught from birth to “suck it up”, that it’s impossible to succeed without a “can-do attitude”, that nobody likes a “Debbie Downer”. The unspoken message: complaining is nothing but an obstacle to pulling yourself up by your bootstraps, achieving the American Dream and creating your ideal life. But what about all the ways complaining can make our lives more bearable? Where’s the word to describe complaining as bonding, complaining as catharsis, complaining as calling out into the void and knowing that your voice is heard? Enter the humble kvetch. When a language lacks a word for something, it sometimes fills the gap by borrowing a word from a foreign tongue — and, over the past century or so, the English language has received a wonderful influx of

Yiddish words on loan. What would we as a society do without insults like schmuck and klutz, without the newly omnipresent glitch, without that ultimate expression of indifference, meh? Kvetching is one of those loaner words that describes an important yet formerly unnamed concept: the act of complaining about trivial matters, but seen as a good thing. For a complaining session to qualify as kvetching, it has to meet a few criteria. One: it’s self-aware. Yes, our lives are actually pretty decent in the grand scheme of things. Yes, the fact that we have time to spend complaining about minor problems is a testament to all the lifedestroying catastrophes we don’t have to deal with. But our problems are real nonetheless, and they’re worthy of recognition. Two: it’s cathartic. There isn’t an expectation that a solution to the issue at hand will be found, or that anything productive will come of voicing our woes. All we’re doing is taking our daily troubles and expelling them from our minds so they’re unable to sit and fester. (Even the anticomplaining crowd concedes the value of not keeping our feelings bottled up; that’s why we have therapy and rage journaling.) Three: it’s communal. Kvetching involves a call and a response — one person vents, and the other reassures them that their problems are valid and they are not alone. Then the roles reverse, the reassurer becoming the kvetcher, confident they will be given the same empathetic treatment. Through this intricate dance, a bond of shared understanding and loyalty is formed. I’m Jewish. I hail from a long line of kvetchers, who began training me in the art sometime between my first word and my first steps. I can’t remember a gathering with my extended family that didn’t involve a good

old kvetching circle. And I’m endlessly grateful for it. It was a balm on bad days, a reminder that others had to cope with the same insecurities and daily annoyances that occupied my life. It gave me identity at an age when every kid was struggling to find theirs; no matter what, I knew I was a member of a community that cared about my problems. It taught me to advocate for myself — when you bring up small issues, and you’re listened to and understood, it strengthens your ability to bring up much larger issues when the stakes are exponentially higher. As we approached our first semi-normal Thanksgiving in the era of COVID-19, I thought a lot about kvetching. A Thanksgiving celebration usually goes one of two ways: either it’s exclusively time for gratefulness and positivity, no problems allowed, or vicious arguments start and familial bonds are forever broken. All of us have just lived through — are still living through — a global pandemic. A year and a half ago, our lives were completely uprooted, and that triggered an avalanche of physical, financial, social, and emotional problems that most of us have yet to fully resolve. We’re still healing, still fragile. This isn’t the time to tear each other down over petty squabbles, but it’s also not the time to pretend our lives are amazing and worry-free. We need to create a space where imperfection is okay, where we can bare our wounds and know we will be seen, heard, and accepted by the people we love. And so I hope you kvetch with me this holiday season. –Jules Kourelakos, staff writer

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campus arts

Q&A: Getting to know Small Town Records’ newest artists By Rhys Banerjee

Music Beat Writer

Since its founding, Duke’s student-run record label, Small Town Records (STR), has given student-artists an opportunity to explore and develop their musical passions while balancing Duke academics. The label consistently seeks new talent of every genre, giving students the experience of making music in a professional setting. The Chronicle had the opportunity to speak to junior Ila Amiri and first-year Jack Fuchs, two new artists on the Small Town Records roster, in separate interviews. Amiri’s interview was conducted through email, and Fuchs’ interview was conducted over Zoom. The artists shared insights into their experiences making music and how STR has empowered them to further their craft so far. Both interviews have been edited for length and clarity. The Chronicle: How long have you been making music? What role has music played in your life? Ila Amiri: I’ve been playing instruments since I was five years old, starting with the piano and branching out to the flute, guitar and drums. Music has played a huge role in my life. I met most of my friends growing up in band, orchestra and musical theater. It’s also how I process the emotional things I go through — by writing songs. I genuinely don’t know what I would do or where I would be without music. Jack Fuchs: I’ve always really loved music, but I started getting into it … [during] sophomore year of high school — I started playing piano when I was about 10. I began classically trained and hated it. […] but I really learned to understand the piano and chords. And by sophomore year of high school, I started to write [music] therapeutically. Just sort of to

help process emotions and figure out where I was in relationships. Then I realized some of the songs were kind of good. It’s really helped with my mental health. So I started taking it a little bit more seriously, kept writing, picked up a guitar. And then started producing. And then here I am at Duke, joining Small Town Records. TC: What has been your general process for improving on your craft? IA: Every song I write is my new favorite, I just try my best to do better every time. I also make note of what I like about my favorite songs by other artists when I listen to them and try to take inspiration there. The more I write, the more I understand what my definition of a great song is. JF: When it comes to songwriting, it’s all about cranking out songs. Looking back at some of the first songs I wrote, they’re adorable, right? Terrible by any standard. But they meant a lot to me in the moment. [I spend] a lot of time at the piano. Trying to be there every single day, both because I want to be there [working] but also just because it’s very therapeutic. It’s sort of a safe space. And [I try] to sort of be gentle in that process, not expecting to create a banger of a song — sort of taking time with myself and my music. TC: How has STR benefitted you in terms of enabling you to continue making music? IA: STR provides all the resources I didn’t have before. I have yet to release music because I want it to be the best it can be before putting it out into the world and STR’s resources allow me to get my music to that stage. I have also never worked with a team before, so meeting with managers and mar-

keting reps is new but very exciting and I can’t wait to start booking gigs! JF: The main reason I joined was to have a space and a team primarily for production. They’ve got a wide variety of producers. The audio engineering team with STR is great. And then the other aspect of that, once you’ve got the music, they’ve got a phenomenal marketing team as well. TC: Is it difficult balancing your academic life at Duke and other non-music extracurriculars with music? What’s the life, specifically, of a student-musician at STR? IA: It definitely forces you to learn how to manage your time better. I just try to find a few hours every week to work on my music and make sure I keep track of all of my deadlines so I don’t fall behind. I haven’t been in STR very long yet but already I can tell that it’s a continuous process of meeting with

people on the team and putting in studio hours regularly. JF: I’d say it is difficult, because I love music. At the same time, I’m not a music major. And I’m not sure I’m gonna, like, take the jump and make this my life. I’m a Public Policy major. I’m in DSP. I’m working on a political campaign right now. [...] So I’m doing things and I’m trying to bounce two different passions in two different spaces. Both extracurricular and academic. So it is challenging. And I think that what’s unfortunate about it is you can only give 100% to both those for so long. [...] So yeah, I mean, I’d say that the life of a student musician is busy and, and it’s activating two very different sides of yourself. An abbreviated version of this interview appears in print. The full interview is available online.


Courtesy of Small Town Records | Instagram Prospective STR artists, including Ila Amiri, auditioned at Duke Coffeehouse in the fall.

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No. 1 Duke falters against Ohio State and roaring Buckeye crowd By Jonathan Browning Associate Editor

COLUMBUS, OHIO—The Blue Devils had played close games this season—they powered past Kentucky by eight in their season opener and they squeaked past Gonzaga by three just days ago. But neither of those were true road games—this one was. And boy, did it feel like one. “We put together DUKE 66 a very ambitious 71 schedule,” said Duke OSU head coach Mike Krzyzewski. “You start out with Kentucky, and you have Gonzaga and you have Ohio State, and you have five pretty good teams in between in a 22-day period. And that’s a lot. We have a young team—those guys are real good, but they’re young. And they have not gone through anything like this.” After a year of road games with never more than a few thousand in attendance during the 2020-21 season, this one in Columbus, Ohio against Ohio State may have come as a bit of a shock to the system for the Blue Devils, who fell 71-66 in their first game as the No. 1-ranked team. The team’s last true road game came back in February 2020, when it played— and lost—at Virginia in front of 14,000 fans and, just like tonight, did it as a ranked team falling to an unranked one. But the difference between that game and this one? About 4,000 more raucous fans, as Ohio State’s Schottenstein Center a had a sellout crowd for this matchup, totaling just under 19,000 in the arena. And, unlike any of Duke’s games to date, the vast majority of the crowd was rooting against it, a 180-degree turn from the strong

Blue Devil fan presence in Las Vegas against Gonzaga. Despite a slow start to the first half, as the team was finding their legs in enemy territory, it looked like the Blue Devils’ senior leadership would be able to carry them through this one. A layup by senior captain Joey Baker in the first half started a 6-0 Duke run and a steal, minutes later, also by Baker, led to a bucket from graduate student Theo John that would secure the Blue Devils the lead until nearly the very end. Duke went into the locker room up 13, leaving the arena considerably quieter than it had found it. But the game was truly a tale of two halves. Crowds are a funny thing—as players

do well, the fans cheer. When players don’t perform, they seem to shrink. And the crowd only helps or hurts as much as teams let it. But it’s when players’ legs get tired that crowds seem to take on other-worldly powers, scoffing at the rules of logic—they’ll either give that extra push or, in the case of the road team, they’ll slowly chip away at the squad’s spirit. Buoyed on by an Ohio State team that just wouldn’t go away and a Duke team that couldn’t hit the broad side of a barn for much of the second half, the Buckeye faithful willed their team to a win. Duke’s star freshman Paolo Banchero put up seven shots in the latter period—not a single one fell. One Duke player fouled out and four others ended the night with

sports Lydia Sellers | Staff Photographer

Freshman Paolo Banchero scored 14 points against Ohio State, but only four of them came in the second half where he shot 0-of-7 from the field.


four fouls. The Blue Devils ended the second period with more fouls than field goals, and just 23 points. “I think the main message is we got to learn from it,” Moore said about what the team can take away from this game. “We got a two-week break here, so we need to get refreshed, get guys back healthy—just hit the ground running again. Things like this happen sometimes early in the season. We can’t be down about it, it’s not the end of the world—it’s just one game. We got many more games to go; just keep building, just keep learning from it.” With each miss, each foul and each Buckeye bucket on the other end of the court, the Ohio State crowd followed the way of their team’s score, only going up, both in spirit and decibel level. As the buzzer sounded on Duke’s undefeated season and the Ohio State students quickly took over the court, the Blue Devil faithful could take this loss in two ways. Either chalk Tuesday’s game up to a poor second half of execution and poise or, as social media is apt to do, write the team off, claiming it has been overrated from the beginning. That would be a mistake. This is still the team that took down Gonzaga and Kentucky—it just has a little bit more work to do before it reaches its potential. “In order to win big, you have to be able to win multiple big games in a row,” Krzyzewski said. “If this was the NCAA—[if] you win on a Friday, you have to win on Sunday. So we were not able to do that, so that’s how we will talk about this. In the NCAA, you’re gonna win on a big game on a Thursday or Friday—how can you come back?” It’s only December—trophies aren’t handed out until March.


Soccer squads fall short in NCAA tournament Women’s season ends in Elite Eight

Men’s team downed in Sweet Sixteen

By Em Adler

By Sasha Richie

Associate Editor

Blue Zone Editor

Two years ago, at Koskinen Stadium, the beleaguered Blue Devils had a signature win against then-No. 19 Santa Clara, breaking a 1 long streak of Bronco DUKE overtime wins. Santa 2 Clara didn’t forget SC about that. Friday night, it finally got its revenge, handing Duke’s its first season-ending loss in Durham since 1997. With a trip to the College Cup on the line, the unranked Broncos took down No. 1 Duke at Koskinen Stadium 2-1 Friday. Santa Clara struck twice in the mid-first half, and a barrage of Duke close calls in the late second wasn’t enough to close the gap. The Blue Devils were upset in the NCAA tournament for just the fourth time in the past 21 years, losing as a seeded team to an unseeded squad for the first time since 2005. “We’ve got such a good record at Koskinen— regular season, NCAA tournament-wise. We take pride in playing at home,” said head coach Robbie Church. “We worked hard to get that home-field advantage during the season. Won a lot of big games to get that homefield advantage, and to end up finishing the journey here, it was very difficult. So yeah, it just stings more.” The first entry into a box of the game had come courtesy of the Blue Devils, when attacking mid Tess Boade intercepted an errant pass in the Bronco half, and drove toward

Bella Bann | Photography Editor

Michelle Cooper scored 12 goals this year, setting a new single-seaosn freshman record. the opposing goal. Striker Michelle Cooper flanked her in the heavily disadvantaged attack, although she was nearly able to cross off the secondary action. The near-goal foreshadowed the rest of the evening. Eighty seconds into the second half, Duke got closer to scoring than at any point in the first half. Boade caught a ball in the thick of Santa Clara’s midfield, and chipped it ahead to Cooper, splitting the Bronco centre backs. The pass was right on the money, and as Cooper played into it, she ran into the outstretched leg of Santa Clara centre back Marisa Bubnis. The leg earned a yellow card, but turned a Cooper one-on-one into a set piece from 30 yards out. The Blue Devils formed their usual set-up, and See ELITE EIGHT on Page 3

ultimately couldn’t close out a back-and-forth battle between two very talented teams. “I’m proud of those guys, because it’s not At Koskinen Stadium just after Thanksgiving, easy to muster up the energy to fight back, Duke has a lot to be thankful for, even as it heads especially we’re 3-1 down with two goals to get back to the locker room for the final time this back into the game,” head coach John Kerr said after the game. “We do have that desire, that 3 season. DUKE Taking on No.10- heart, that will to win, and we just came up a 4 seed Saint Louis in little bit short tonight.” SL the third round of the Saint Louis came out of the gate firing on all NCAA tournament, the Blue Devils scored three cylinders, which is to be expected from the only goals, but that wasn’t enough, as their miracle team in the NCAA yet to lose a game. Still, the season finally ended with a 4-3 loss. Despite Billikens were a force unlike what Duke saw in giving its all through every minute of the the second round against UCLA, and it was clear game—and the season for that matter—Duke from the get-go this would be a much steeper hill to climb if the Blue Devils wanted to keep their season alive. That hill was steepened even further when Saint Louis scored the first and only goal of the first half before Duke even took a shot at the goal. After Saint Louis’ Christian Buendia launched a long ball into the box, Mason Leeth settled the ball with a quick flick of his foot out behind him, then launched the bounce with no one around him past Duke goalie Eliot Hamill. If Blue Devil faithful in the cold stands of Koskinen were still unsure of the Billikens’ confidence, Leeth celebrated with a round-off backflip, and Saint Louis made it known that it meant business. However, Duke clicked into gear after that, matching Saint Louis with four shots in the rest of the first half. And once they came onto the Alyssa Ting | Staff Photographer pitch for the second half, the Blue Devils were all Sophomore Thorleifur Ulfarsson led the firepower and aggressive press as they searched team with 15 goals this season See SWEET SIXTEEN on Page 3

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ELITE EIGHT FROM PAGE 2 decoyed centre back Caitlin Cosme by kicking it aside to fellow centre back Katie Groff. But Groff was too far off the ball, and the entire set was tackled away. Duke had plenty of other chances in the early second half. In the 49th minute, a crosser found wing back Delaney Graham in the box in midair, but was kicked over and out. In the 53rd, wing back Olivia Migli charged down the left side of the box, and shot across the face of the goal, just barely missing the far post. Three minutes later, Jones tried to play ahead to Cooper, but the grounder dribbled wide left. Another three after that, attacking mid Grace Watkins had an opening on a blind turnaround shot, but yanked it wide. The Blue Devils finally got a break in the 61st minute. On a pinball in the box, midfielder Sarah Piper—making her first appearance in a close game since 2019—fought a Bronco centre back for a header, and helped get the ball upfield. The ball reached Migli, who shot it just high enough that it bounced off goalie Kylie Foutch’s fingertips and dribbled past the goal line to cut the deficit in half. The Blue Devils kept up their early second-half pace in the waning minutes of the second half. In the 71st minute, Graham fought for a play-ahead right outside the goal area, and Santa Clara centre back Alex Loera’s defense against her could’ve resulted in a Duke penalty kick. The Blue Devils had another set piece 35 yards out in the 76th minute; Cosme took that one herself, but once again, the shot flew wide left. Piper and Migli both came inches away from converting the equalizer in the 80th. But Santa Clara, a team known over the years for its extraordinary offenses, held steady at the goal line when necessary. “Second half, we tried to play behind them a little bit more,” said Church. “We tried… [to] almost try to create chaos a little bit. Try to win first balls, second balls. It worked on the first goal. And then a number of times [for a] second goal. If we tried to play in front of them, they stepped really hard, they closed us down really hard. They took Michelle out of the game a lot. There’s some areas and some things that we didn’t do well. I guess that’s about it.”

Crossword ACROSS

25 Raise one’s glass

1 Beaut 6 “___ go!” 11 Castilian knight in medieval Spain, with “the” 14 One who needs to go 15 Having limited focus 16 Do-do connector 17 Binary code bit

31 Product of a teachable moment 32 Ceilings





53 People who place



57 Printed fabric



58 1936 Summer Olympics icon


61 Finish on a diamond?








1 Movie knight 2 “___, pursued by a bear” (Shakespearean stage direction) 3 Freaks (out) 4 Kazan of film 5 “Time to blow this popsicle stand”

7 Noted characteristic of a corpse flower 8 All ___ (really cool) 9 Fox in “The Fox and the Hound” 10 Food for a giraffe 11 Retire 12 Words following “Huh?” 13 Brake components 19 Arcade achievement

FROM PAGE 2 desperately for an equalizer. “This team is going to do that no matter what; they’re built to compete, and it was a thrill to see,” Kerr said of the Blue Devils’ second-half resurgence. “At halftime we had some harsh words for them, in the intermission, to make sure that they understood what was at stake and to dig deep, and they did. They dug deep we got behind another goal, we got back into it, and then we had to really fight back to get to where we were.” The equalizer would come under 10 minutes into the half. Sophomore Amir Daley tapped the ball to sophomore Peter Stroud, who carried it into the top right corner of the box and sent a perfect cross right to the head of sophomore Thorleifur Ulfarsson. There was nothing Billiken goalie Patrick Schulte could do as Ulfarsson headed the ball into the netting with perfect timing. Still, Saint Louis is undefeated for a reason, and it scored two unanswered goals on the counterattack, as holes opened up in the back for Duke while it pushed toward the net searching for a go-ahead goal. Never count out the Blue Devils, though, as they were unfazed by the goals and sped their way into the Billikens’ half with a vengeance, firing off three quick shots. Despite Duke’s slow start, it finished exactly even with Saint Louis, with 14 shots apiece, and in the second half the Blue Devils were the ones controlling the pace, taking 10 shots to Saint Louis’ seven. It was the never-quit mentality that gave Duke back-to-back goals to tie the game once more. First, a smooth finish from sophomore Nick Pariano after ACC Freshman of the Year Shakur Mohammed put a bouncing cross right in front of the net put the Blue Devils within one. Then, freshman Jai Bean, who was dominant around the box all night, tapped in another header off a free kick taken just outside the box by Pariano. However, that celebration wouldn’t last long. A Billiken corner kick ricocheted directly at Hamill, who made the initial save but couldn’t control the rebound. Unfortunately, Duke sophomore Santa Ihara’s foot was in the perfect place for the ball to bounce off and trickle into the net. That would be the last goal scored of the game, and the Blue Devils’ season ended in



































21 Criminal charge?

33 Crown

24 Horror star Chaney

34 [Never mind]

25 Get off the street, 37 “Just ’cuz” in a way 39 Palindromic animal 26 Replete 27 Unable to stick the landing, say

40 A kid drinks from one

28 Dope

42 Wetland predators

29 Holding 30 Enters without looking, say

43 Raw spots 44 Unavailable, say

47 Home to zero winners of the FIFA World Cup, surprisingly 48 Empty 49 Fuzzy berry 50 Bad place to go apple-picking? 51 “La Vie Bohème” musical 52 Winner’s accessory 54 School of the future?

Online subscriptions: Today’s puzzle and more than 7,000 past puzzles, ($39.95 a year). Read about and comment on each puzzle:

33 Monet’s “Train in the Snow” or “The Magpie”

1 13

50 Coconut-covered snack cakes






16 20


20 Criminal patterns, in brief

42 Hangs in the balance

2 Border collie, by nature



35 40

36 41

44 48

37 42


44 Strange

4 Nero’s zero

26 Joint venture

46 Chang-___ Lee, 2011 Pulitzer finalist for “The Surrendered”

5 Fizz


6 Shrunken head?

17 Relatives of accordions

7 Certain hand-held … or hand-holding

















43 46


24 Flat fees




23 Word after Christmas or fur



30 32

3 Runner-up to Affirmed in every 1978 Triple Crown race



26 29

43 Swimmer Torres who medaled in five Olympic Games




1 Obsolescent music holder

28 Tank tops?


22 25


55 Cloth dealer, in Britain

19 Contribute to the mix

27 Stumble


18 21




15 17


No. 0418 7


54 Seems crooked

40 “The Sound of Music” character who’s “17 going on 18”

22 Searches (through)

Edited by Will Shortz

48 “Sure, we can chat now”

53 Women’s soccer powerhouse

34 Hack job?

heartbreaking fashion with an own goal. While Duke would continue to battle until the final seconds ticked off the clock, it wasn’t enough, and Saint Louis ultimately moved on in the NCAA tournament. However, the Blue Devils’ story isn’t over. Every point scored by Duke, both goals and assists, was scored by a freshman or sophomore. Stroud and Ulfarsson, two sophomores who both received major ACC awards, connected for Duke’s critical first equalizer, and the Blue Devils’ other major awardee, Mohammed, assisted on the second equalizer. Bean, who was injured for the majority of the season and is still recovering, and Pariano, both sophomores, each scored a goal, and they both largely controlled the game in the second half to give Duke that opportunity in the first place. “It’s a thrill to coach them, and then knowing that we can learn from this and grow from this, and so many young guys coming back next year is an exciting prospect,” Kerr said of the young team. While Duke is ending its season before it wanted to, finishing its season in the third round of the NCAA tournament is an amazing turnaround from its 4-10-3 season in 2020-21. And that’s looking into the past. While they certainly didn’t play a perfect game against Saint Louis, the Blue Devils played some really good soccer until the very end, and really it could have been either team’s game. Without considering where it came from, Duke is a very good team in its own right. Even more, looking into the future, Duke still has two to three more years with its best players, and Kerr points to an exciting recruiting class as reason to be optimistic about the future. In short, while this game and this season didn’t go quite according to plan, the Blue Devils are just getting started and are ultimately satisfied with what they accomplished this season, even if this loss leaves a bruise. “I want us to keep growing and keep challenging ourselves individually and collectively. There’s a lot more this team can do. There’s a lot more things to learn and grow from and I hope it’s gonna sting for a while,” Kerr said. “We reconvene in January and start working on things that we all know we can improve on, and this team will grow. It’s a lot of good pieces here, and they’re so young and I think this year we’ve really grown a lot, last year we grew a lot...So I feel that we’re a program on the rise.”

47 Sets right

52 Pouty cry

35 Bashful friend 15 Member of the 36 Isotopes of Scooby-Doo gang element #88 16 Warn of disaster 37 ___ lane 18 Source of college credit, informally



31 Reward for a bad N.B.A. team

7 Little pointer



30 Old parent company of NBC

13 Distressing character in the Bible? 32


ACROSS 1 Who said “Fashion changes, but style endures”

24 29










11 16

23 25

No. 0417



6 Weekend shopping venue



37 Say yes to without saying “yes”

22 New parents’ woe 45 ___ Bo 46 Radio station 23 Tune with alert syncopated rhythm 47 “So ... who’s in?” 24 Triglycerides, e.g.


60 Closes up for good

43 Fermented feed



36 Sun Devil Stadium sch.

18 It’s bound to show you the way 39 Seasonal pickers 41 Impatient kid’s 20 “Some progress whine is better than

Edited by Will Shortz

56 Abbreviation near a tilde

59 Meet at a poker game



55 45’s better half

35 Some nose-totail cuisine

38 Lucy ___ Hayes, 1800s first lady

The Blue Devils were able to advance to their forwards more often than the Broncos, but Santa Clara’s backs proved arduous to pass by. Part of that difficulty came from Duke keeping its three centre backs behind the center line during attacks, where they’d normally push closer to the top of the center circle. Having those players spaced at midfield allowed the Blue Devils to stay aligned against Bronco counters, despite Duke’s wing backs playing further upfield than usual. But when Santa Clara came off of a missed Duke crosser and pushed into transition, the Blue Devil centre backs were overplaying the wrong side of the field. The ball found Bronco midfielder Skylar Smith in the box, who juked Cosme, and fired a now-open shot for the opening score. Four minutes later, after a try into Duke’s box got headed out, Smith skied an aerial entry. Striker Kelsey Turnbow grounded it and turned to the goal in one motion, firing a bullet to the bottom of the woodwork that rebounded backwards for Santa Clara to go up 2-0 in the 29th minute. Turnbow was heavily marked by centre back Emily Rosyon, but it didn’t matter; no defense can block a perfect shot. “I thought we played pretty well at times, and obviously had the load of possession. But that doesn’t mean much with it,” said Church. “They came out and played five backs, dropping really deep, they wanted us to play in front of them. And we kind of played into their hands, especially the first half. We played into their hands. They were looking to catch us there. A few teams out there that are very comfortable without the ball, and Santa Clara is one of the teams that’s comfortable without the ball.” The Blue Devils had opportunities at the tail end of the first half, whether on aerials from 30 yards or on crossers. Yet they went into halftime with a two-goal deficit. The last time Duke gave up multiple goals and still won was its 2020 season opener, 14 months ago. It had three wins when the opponent scored at least twice in the past two years—two against Wake Forest, one against Santa Clara in 2019. “[Our super-seniors] came back to win, and they came back to win trophies. And unfortunately, of the three trophies out there, we have none,” said Church. “It’s a hard emotion, because you know what they gave up, you know what they had to do to come back… And we just wanted to finish this journey in the College Cup, and unfortunately, we’re not going to be able to.”

FRIDAY, DECEMBER 3, 2021 | 9

47 50




21 Best in class



33 John ___, English philosopher and theologian who made an early translation of the Bible

43 Reality show staple

47 Tower on a mountain

45 Masculine name that sometimes follows Mac-

8 Knocks

24 Dump

9 Part of FiOS

25 Espionage gadgets

34 Stereotypically lenient parent

28 One who’s finished

35 Spots for snakes

29 Technical data

38 Ominous phrase

31 Ad ___

11 Shelved, for now?

39 One of the Seven Sisters

32 Press coverage

41 Unbroken

12 Upscale provider of grooming services

Online subscriptions: Today’s puzzle and more than 7,000 past puzzles, ($39.95 a year). Read about and comment on each puzzle:

10 “A mixture of what appears to be ESP and early Christian faith,” per a 1977 New York Times film review

14 1800s migrant

37 Call to account

49 Workplaces for L.P.N.s 51 Its “concise” version has almost 1,700 pages: Abbr.

10 | FRIDAY, DECEMBER 3, 2021


The Chronicle

No one at Duke knows the Grateful Dead

“Does anyone listen to the Grateful Dead?” I was in my dorm’s study room or common room when I asked this question—my memory evades me—but either way know there was a good number of people around.

seen their iconic dancing bears logo on a themed sorority t-shirt. The title of this column does extrapolate the issue a little bit. But if I am being honest, the reaction to my question about the band connected

OLIVIA BOKESCH CLASS OF 2025 I was met with blank stares. So, I started asking almost anyone I met if they knew who the Grateful Dead band was. The overwhelming majority had no clue and I slowly stopped being surprised. Obviously, I know there are people at Duke who listen to the Grateful Dead, know of the Grateful Dead, or at the very least have.

a lot of thoughts on the careerist mentality of Duke that had been swirling in my head. I grew up hearing the Dead through my parents’ stereo while they gardened, watched documentaries on the band, and listened to stories of their times at the concerts. The dad of one of my best friends from back home sang her “Ripple” by the Dead as a

hot take of the week

“I think Red Mango acai is bad, but I don’t want the Lululemon hit squad coming for me.”

—Marina Chen, Opinion Managing Editor, on December 2, 2021

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Direct submissions to: E-mail: Editorial Page Department The Chronicle Box 90858, Durham, NC 27708 Phone: (919) 684-2663 Fax: (919) 684-4696

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Inc. 1993

LEAH BOYD, Editor JAKE PIAZZA, Sports Editor NADIA BEY, Managing Editor ANNA ZOLOTOR, News Editor CHRIS KUO, Enterprise Editor PREETHA RAMACHANDRAN, Senior Editor MARIA MORRISON, Digital Strategy Director SIMRAN PRAKASH, Digital Strategy Director BELLA BANN, Photography Editor MARGOT ARMBRUSTER, Opinion Editor TESSA DELGO, Recess Editor CHRISSY BECK, General Manager MAX REGO, Sports Managing Editor MARINA CHEN, Opinion Managing Editor MADDY BERGER, University News Editor NAIMA TURBES, Opinion Managing Editor MILLA SURJADI, University News Editor CARRIE WANG, Opinion Managing Editor PARKER HARRIS, Local and National News Editor DEREK DENG, Recess Managing Editor GAUTAM SIRDESHMUKH, Health and Science News Editor AMIYA MEHROTRA, Community Editorial Board Chair ALISON KORN, Features Managing Editor BEN WALLACE, Community Editorial Board Chair KATIE TAN, Features Managing Editor ASHWIN KULSHRESTHA, Diversity, Equity and Inclusion Coordinator REBECCA SCHNEID, Sports Photography Editor MONA TONG, Director of DEI analytics ANNA MCFARLANE, News Photography Editor MATTHEW GRIFFIN, Recruitment Chair WINNIE LU, Features Photography Editor CHELSEA MARS, Maganging Director LYDIA SELLERS, Photography Social Media Editor MEGAN HAVEN, Digital Strategy Director OOHA REDDY, Opinion Managing Editor JULIE MOORE, Creative Director The Chronicle is published by the Duke Student Publishing Company, Inc., a non-profit corporation independent of Duke University. The opinions expressed in this newspaper are not necessarily those of Duke University, its students, faculty, staff, administration or trustees. Unsigned editorials represent the majority view of the editorial board. Columns, letters and cartoons represent the views of the authors. To reach the Editorial Office at 301 Flowers Building, call 684-2663 or fax 684-4696. To reach the Business Office at 1517 Hull Avenue call 684-3811. To reach the Advertising Office at 2022 Campus Drive call 684-3811. One copy per person; additional copies may be purchased for .25 at The Chronicle Business office at the address above. @ 2021 Duke Student Publishing Company

ullaby. Another friend would send me their live shows to listen to. And it was not uncommon to see an Instagram post from someone from my high school at a Dead and Company concert.The Grateful Dead became popular during the age of the hippie –-the 60s. They are known for their psychedelic rock music and avid fanbase, the Deadheads. Despite having little to no big radio hits, they are one of the most successful touring bands in rock with their improvisational and always unique live shows. A resurgence in their popularity occurred in the 80s when one of their songs, “Touch of Grey,” blew up. To me, the Grateful Dead is the epitome of what it means to take life as it comes. If you watch any live show or documentary, it is apparent that the band and audience are there for two reasons: to live and have a good time. Live music today is arguably overproduced--people expect crazy strobes, backup dancers, autotune, and flashy outfits. From the improvised guitar solos to the tie-dye color scheme to the fans not even inside the concert dancing outside, there is something special about how the Dead moved people. The Dead showed up as they were and wanted everyone else to do the same. Their lyrics such as “without love in a dream it will never come true” and “walking through the tall trees/going where the wind goes/blooming like a red rose/ breathing more freely” showcase the carefree nature promoted by the band. In plain terms, the Dead is an advocate for just vibin’ through life. If the Dead is the representation of a chill, stress-free life where you take things dayby-day and have no worries about the things you cannot control, then Duke is the antithesis to this. Many come to Duke because they know it is a career-focused school that can get them into high-paying jobs at top firms or prepare them for their applications to Ivy law and medical schools. The majority of people I have met come from prep or private schools and have parents working as doctors or lawyers or in well-known corporations. In this way, the careerist mentality can become a case of monkey-see-monkeydo. Duke culture could easily just be the culmination of what some of us were raised to find important--success in powerful and money-making fields.

It is hard to take life day-by-day when you are surrounded by people your age who are constantly focused on the next organization, the next internship, the next opportunity that will bring them closer to that aforementioned vision of success. It feels like you are always playing catch-up on top of being a full-time student at a rigorous university. I find myself repeating to my friends that “All I do is work, this can’t be what life is supposed to be about.” I was raised by Grateful Dead fans, though, and purposefully or not, my parents integrated the band’s principles into their parenting. I truly believe being raised on the Grateful Dead grounds me in a weird, unexpected way. My parents may work in business and law, but neither have ever promoted careerist ideals to me. They believe that work is not what life is about or what makes life great. They take a stance similar to the Dead that you should take life as it comes and that everything will all work out in the end. All of my hometown friends were raised similarly and held similar thoughts. Once I realized no one at Duke knew of the Dead, I began to wonder if the common denominator between my hometown friends and I was the fact that we were raised by Dead fans and subsequently with the Dead ideals. Sure, to some this may seem like a metaphorical stretch, but it gave me more insight into the divide I felt between my mentality and the common careerist Duke mentality. I am not saying I am exempt to the Duke mindset because I listen to the Grateful Dead. I am sucked into the hellish hustle culture landscape just like anyone else. I was rushing business fraternities on the first day of class. I stalk LinkedIn to see what summer internship opportunities people are receiving. I spend more time stressed and working than I do in any other state. But on days when I am upset at the way Duke culture makes me feel, as if I should be just a careerist who sells her soul to money, I find my thoughts infiltrated with the ghost of the Dead’s lead guitarist, Jerry Garcia, and an answer he gave in an interview once: “It’s supposed to be all about having fun.” Olivia Bokesch is a Trinity first-year. Her column runs on alternate Wednesdays.

Joy in a pandemic? It may seem delusional, dishonest or even crazy to talk about experiencing joy in the midst of our current world situation,

says this about African American singing: “In our melancholy, our songs are not always mournful songs. Most often, they are joyous,


REV. DR. LUKE POWERY DEAN OF DUKE CHAPEL but it is a real question, interrogating joy’s possibility and presence at such a time as this. The joy, of which I write, doesn’t deny sorrow, failure or doubt. It’s possible to have joy even without a perfect, unblemished life. Light can rise out of darkness. Joy can occur amid sorrow. To borrow the words of theologian Frederick Buechner, “something [can] Easter up out of the dimness.” There are many examples in African American musical traditions of this kind of “sorrowful joy,” as the recently deceased Princeton professor Al Raboteau calls it in his memoir. The Spiritual “Nobody Knows the Trouble I See” says, “Nobody knows the trouble I see,” and then moves to “Glory, hallelujah!” Former Wesley Seminary professor William McClain

lifting the spirit above despair. Yet, our sad songs sometimes come in the midst of our joy, in moments of jubilation and celebration…. At the moment of our deepest despair we sing, ‘sometimes I feel like a motherless child a long way from home.’ Then in the midst of our sadness, we sing with assurance, ‘I’m so glad that trouble don’t last always.’” This sorrowful joy is also reflected in the novel “Praisesong for the Widow.” In it, author Paule Marshall depicts the mix of festivity with solemnity in a cultural celebration known as the Big Drum. When the drum is beaten, she writes: “… the single, dark, plangent note this produced, like that from the deep bowing of a cello, sounded like the distillation of a thousand sorrow songs….. Its source had to be the heart, the

The Chronicle bruised still-bleeding inner-most chamber of the collective heart. For a fraction of a second the note hung in the yard, knifing through the revelry to speak to everyone there. To remind them of the true and solemn business of the fete.” Marshall is describing this mixed texture of sorrow and joy: a solemn fete, a somber party, a sad joyfulness. Joy can be such an elusive quality but the Yale University research project “Theology of Joy and the Good Life” sought to describe it. Contributors to the project articulated joy in different ways: as a feeling that responds to something else; happiness plus gratitude; a sense of contentment with one’s choices and paths taken or not; an act of resistance against despair and its forces; a temporary experience linked to someone beyond ourselves; an inner strength; an immediate response to creation, redemption and salvation; a deep seated sense of well-being with oneself and life; something rooted in faith, hope and love; a work that can become a state that can become a way of life. One point of agreement was that joy is fundamental to human existence and well-being. The head of the study, Professor Miroslav Volf, argued that to define joy as a “feeling of great pleasure and happiness” is like describing

champagne as a bubbly liquid, but forgetting all about its golden color, whiffs of ripe pear and fresh baked bread in its aroma or traces of apple, vanilla, yeast and nuts in its flavor, and, of course, its capacity to intoxicate. Volf defines joy as “emotional attunement between the self and the world—usually a small portion of it— experienced as blessing.” Joy can be exuberant or a calm delight but it’s the experience of something as a blessing that initiates it. Observing our society today, we seem to be known more for divisions splattered all over the news, for bickering, meanness and being judgmental, than for love and joy. A good question to ask ourselves comes from legendary Harvard professor and minister Peter Gomes: not “Do you believe in life after death?” but “Do you believe in life before death? Do you have any life in you now?” In other words, Gomes is asking, do you have any joy in you now? If not, why not? As we have heard here, the answer does not have to depend on vanquishing grief and sadness. Joy is not even necessarily something we have to earn, but it is key to our flourishing. If we ever needed the blessing of joy before, we sure do need it now.

Lessons from the squirrels SPENCER CHANG CLASS OF 2025 The squirrels, oh my, all the squirrels. Prior to coming to Duke, I already had a general image of what my first-year experience would be like: food at Marketplace, the C1 bus route and bus stops, East Campus dorms. However, not even one person mentioned the absurd number of squirrels on campus. When you set foot on campus, it’s inevitable that you will encounter a squirrel soon or later. It’s like the six degrees of separation law, where every person is connected by six or fewer social relations, except in this case every person is connected by six or fewer sightings of a specific squirrel. For the past few weeks, I’ve started calling them nicknames, like Sandy Cheeks, Dumb Sandy Cheeks, Slightly Dumber Sandy Cheeks, and please get out of my way i’m trying to run and you’re blocking my path go chew on your acorn somewhere else. I have a love-hate relationship with the squirrels. I was amused at first, then I was slightly annoyed, then, after watching one jump down the trash can in front of Bryan Center, like a brave spelunker (just learned this word!) in search of rotten treasure, I was amused again. Inspired by my squirrel sightings, I’ve even started playing soothsayer. Sure, maybe you’ve heard of tasseography or aeromancy, but have you heard of sciurusgraphy (interesting note: the word squirrel comes from the Ancient Greek words skia and sura, meaning shadow and tail respectively)? By counting the number of squirrels I spot each morning of the week, I have devised a way of foretelling the fortune that will befall me that particular day. Even numbers mean good luck; odd numbers mean bad luck; and zero means doomsday is here everybody run for your life. I would consider them acquaintances, friends even, if some of them don’t dash off immediately at the sight of me, as tends to happen with most of my relationships. However, there is always a lesson to be learned from each encounter, and after the past two months, I’m beginning to think the squirrels have taught me more than I initially realized. Ok, fine, I see you reaching for that close tab button. However, I promise reading this is a way better way of spending your 8:30 am chemistry lecture than YouTube food videos. Some Sundays, I spend the evening wandering the entirety of West Campus, vast and vacant, and without an exception, I always discover something new on each walk: a tree that leans slightly one way over another, an awkwardly placed trashcan, or Peaches laying near the staircase by Keohane.

For the past few weeks, everything has seemed to pass by like a film reel pulled too fast. Orientation week barely feels like a few days ago. I remember the past few months only in snapshots, photo after photo with nothing in between. When I’m walking, I always feel like I’m heading somewhere, like I need to be heading somewhere, because everyone seems that same way too. And I’ve spent countless nights mulling this over, trying to be more like this Everyone. I’m just like everyone until I’m not. See, Everyone is cool; Everyone is sexy and smart; Everyone has a friend group; Everyone has found their one and only; Everyone knows how they want to spend their next four years at Duke. Everyone has a direction. Everyone but me. I can hear the same words repeating in the back of my mind, repeating until I mistake it for my own voice again: I am clueless and lost. I have no idea who I am, or what I want to do with my life, or why the bathroom lock keeps falling off. How am I supposed to introduce myself to other people, when I barely know how to introduce me to myself? But then I walk down West Campus, and I see the squirrels darting back and forth. They don’t have a direction, especially not the one chasing in circles holding a piece of bread from Il Forno. Squirrels don’t carry more weight than they need to. They just enjoy the small mouthfuls of victories from each trip. They don’t even concern themselves with time, staring off into the sunset until someone comes along. From the squirrels, I’m learning, too, to enjoy the little things during my time at Duke: sitting in the alcoves near the chapel, or enjoying the grass on my way to Perkins. I’m learning to feel the touch of my own weight again. It’s fine if you don’t want to go to that party or social gathering today. It’s fine if you don’t feel like working or rushing your Chronicle article at 3 am (a small reminder to me: please stop procrastinating). It’s fine if you feel tired. I’ve spent so much time concerning myself with problems I can’t solve, problems I have no control over. The squirrels don’t spend hours mulling over where to bury their treasured pinecones, or whether they might lose it to a thief the next day. There’s always another day to live, another day to explore and learn. I may not have found “my people” yet at Duke, or have had the “time of my life” yet, but those things are not my weight to bear. And as a wise squirrel might say, if they could talk: let the winds guide you, and the right things will happen with time.

FRIDAY, DECEMBER 3, 2021 | 11

Tales from the cadaver lab One of the time-honored traditions of being a first-year medical student, aside from saturating social media with far too many white coat ceremony photos, is dissecting cadavers in the anatomy lab. The experience allows students to see the human body as it really is—one big mess of intertwining tubes that’s nowhere near as clear as the textbook. But the journey is just as emotional as it is intellectual. There’s no denying that systematically dissecting a cadaver can seem uncomfortable.

index card with information from the donor’s family. The card contains mostly medical information, including cause of death, other past diagnoses and surgical history. However, there are a few lines that encapsulate a life’s worth of social history: snippets about family, occupation, hobbies. They’re hints that this body was once a person. Although we spend most of our time dissecting, peeling away layers of muscle and analyzing even more muscle that lies

NATHAN LUZUM FIRST-YEAR MEDICAL STUDENT As a personal rule, I tend to spend very little time in rooms filled with dead bodies, and the only thing I’ve ever dissected is a cat in my high school anatomy course, so I had no clue what to expect going in. Part of the unease stems from the setting itself—the anatomy lab, located in the deep recesses of Duke’s maze of a hospital, always seems a tad too cold. Two dozen or so blue bags, encasing the cadavers, adorn tables scattered along the walls of the room. The smell of formaldehyde hangs in the air and seeps into your scrubs, providing a constant reminder that they need to be washed. Rumor has it that this preservative odor also stimulates hunger, and I can attest to feeling ready for dinner at 3 p.m. on anatomy days. As you might imagine, this can be awkward, especially if your stomach starts growling while you’re cutting into a huge layer of muscle. But there isn’t much hard-andfast evidence to back up the hunger hypothesis as far as I can tell, so I probably just need to bring a bigger lunch instead of throwing a bunch of random stuff in a bowl and microwaving it. The room and its associated smells are just the beginning of the anatomy experience. Even more onerous was contending with the idea that we were dissecting a person, someone with a story, a family, a life that had been lived and was now complete. These thoughts became more intrusive when my group unzipped the bag for the first time and unwrapped an underlying sheet, revealing the cadaver. I took the scalpel and made my group’s first cut, penetrating the characteristic leathery skin and fascia of the upper back to reveal muscle beneath. The die was cast. There seem to be two general schools of thought around dissecting cadavers. One perspective holds that they represent our first patients, while the other considers them to be dead bodies and nothing more. At first, I was partial to the latter, simply because it created less cognitive dissonance. Treating cadavers as inanimate teaching tools removes the emotional heft of realizing that you’re cutting into a person, someone who had values and hobbies and everything else that makes up an identity. But I’ve found this framework constantly challenged. For each cadaver, groups receive a small

beneath, we also learn to perform a few procedures. First up was a mock lumbar puncture, where we inserted a long needle between two vertebrae on our cadaver’s lower back. Later, we broke out hammers and chisels to perform a procedure called a laminectomy where the back half of the vertebrae is removed to relieve pressure on a constricted spinal cord. In these moments, the cadaver seemed less like a body and more like a patient. And as I strolled around the room, observing my classmates hovering over their cadavers, I realized that this core question of person versus body is at the crux of a physician’s practice. It’s easy to lose sight of individuality and see patients as numbers, lists of medical conditions, tests

Treating cadavers as inanimate teaching tools removes the emotional heft of realizing that you’re cutting into a person, someone who had values and hobbies and everything else that makes up an identity. nathan luzum medical student

ordered and measurements taken—an approach that might seem simpler, but is far too reductive. The challenge for physicians is to everlastingly look for those elements that turn bodies into people, to hunt out the most important aspects of someone’s identity. Sure, that’s easier when the person is alive, but the same principle can be applied to dissecting cadavers. From an outsider’s perspective, anatomy lab might seem like a bunch of clueless students slicing up a body, pointing at various slimy fibers and asking instructors “What’s that?” for a few hours until everyone’s tired and hungry and ready to go. But after only a couple weeks, I’ve come to see anatomy lab as a far more meaningful experience—a lesson to look beyond a body and see a human being. Nathan Luzum is a first-year medical student. His column runs on alternate Thursdays.

The Chronicle What we’re doing over winter break: Surfing ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� pizza man Sleeping for infinity hours ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� tothemax Running, eating, repeating �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������leviathan Quitting:������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ leah girld Student Advertising Manager: �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� Rebecca Ross Account Representatives: ������������������ Juliana Arbelaez, Emma Olivo, Spencer Perkins, Sam Richey, Alex Russell, Paula Sakuma, Jake Schulman, Simon Shore, Maddy Torres, Stef Watchi, Montana Williams Marketing Manager: ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� Jared McCloskey Student Business Manager ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� Dylan Riley, Alex Rose

12 | FRIDAY, DECEMBER 3, 2021

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