See Inside Blue Devils advance to Elite Eight Page 7
T H E I N D E P E N D E N T D A I LY AT D U K E U N I V E R S I T Y
MONDAY, NOVEMBER 20, 2017 DUKECHRONICLE.COM
ONE HUNDRED AND THIRTEENTH YEAR, ISSUE 36
Duke snaps 6-game losing streak on Senior Day
Professors discuss value of traveling for class
By Ben Feder Staff Reporter
By Sadia Ayaz Contributing Reporter
In the Spring semester the University will offer a handful of courses that include travel outside of North Carolina. Professors weighed in on the benefits of these classes, dubbed travelembedded courses. Spanning across departments, the courses either include travel during a break in the academic calendar or at the end of the semester. A volcanology course will travel to Hawaii during spring break. The marine lab will offer two courses next semester that include travel. One is about sea turtles that travels to Puerto Rico and the other is a marine conservation course that travels to the Gulf of California. The Jewish Studies department is also continuing course offerings that include travel to Europe and the See TRAVEL on Page 3
LOCAL AND NATIONAL
With their backs against the wall after six straight losses, the Blue Devils needed a few game-changing plays to turn their season around. So when Georgia Tech quarterback TaQuon Marshall dropped back on a third-and-6 from Duke’s 34-yard line and freshman defensive end Victor Dimukeje got a hand on the ball, it was just the bounce the Blue Devils needed. Dimukeje caught the tipped pass and rumbled 26 yards while stiff-arming Marshall the whole way. “[Dimukeje] is an athlete. He’s strong, fast, he’s the total package, and I think a whole lot of America saw that,” redshirt senior center Austin Davis said. Duke could not cash in with a touchdown, instead kicking a 25-yard field goal to trim its deficit to one point, but the Blue Devils fed off the momentum from Dimukeje’s interception, outscoring the Yellow Jackets from that point 33-6 and finishing with a 43-20 Duke victory against Georgia Tech on Senior Day at Wallace Wade Stadium. The Blue Devil defense stepped up in the second half, limiting the Yellow Jackets to just 83 yards and zero points. “We definitely smelled blood in the second half,” redshirt freshman running back Brittain Brown said. “As long as we could stay on the field, we knew we were going to score.” See FOOTBALL on Page 7
Students create compsci program Gabrielle Stewart named 46th for low SES middle schoolers Rhodes Scholar in Duke history By Shannon Fang Staff Reporter
Two students have created an afterschool program at a nearby middle school intended to broaden participation in computer science. Now, they are trying to expand the curriculum. Sophomore Carter Zenke and senior Tanner Johnson took on their ambitious goal to teach middle-schoolers computer science skills by designing Mobile Citizens. David Malone, professor of the practice of education, described the program as “one of the most thoughtful, student-created community engagement projects I have worked with over the past 25 years.” Mobile Citizens is an after-school extended learning apprenticeship where students develop their own mobile app. The program is run through Citizen Schools—a nonprofit focused on improving education enrichment outside the classroom for lowincome students. The partnership allows the program to be sustainable and continue to exist after Johnson and Zenke leave, which
they noted was important to them. Zenke said the goal of Mobile Citizens is to bring quality computer science education to places that often lack access to it. “We want to teach in a way that’s not targeted for future software developers,” Johnson said. “We want all of our students to leave class thinking, ‘Computer science is for me and applicable to my life regardless of what I want to do.’” Mobile Citizens launched in September at Sherwood Githens Middle School, with 16 students. The students work in groups of two to four to create their app, and a near-peer mentor from Duke or Durham Academy is assigned to a group as a facilitator. They meet once a week, for 90 minutes, and the program lasts ten weeks and culminates in a WOW! event, where students showcase their work to their family and community. Zenke and Johnson’s collaboration The partnership between Zenke and See COMPSCI on Page 12
Staff Reports The Chronicle
Senior Gabrielle Stewart has won a Rhodes Scholarship. The prestigious scholarship provides recipients the opportunity to receive a fully-funded degree at Oxford University. Stewart was chosen from more than 850 students who applied from across the country and is the 46th recipient in Duke’s history. Stewart is originally from the West Coast, specifically San Dimas, Calif. On campus, she is involved with the Duke Coalition for Alleviating Poverty, the Community Empowerment Fund and the Duke Classics Collegium. Stewart is a classical languages major, history minor and a Benjamin N. Duke Scholar. At Duke, she has studied early manuscripts, including an autograph book from a Saxon university student that shed light on 17th-century student life. She wants to continue her study of Greek social history and the Greek language
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Courtesy of Duke Photography Senior Gabrielle Stewart is a classical languages major and a Benjamin N. Duke Scholar.
at Oxford. Stewart is a founding member of the Duke Coalition for Alleviating Poverty and president of the Community Empowerment See RHODES on Page 4 @thedukechronicle | © 2017 The Chronicle
Duke research tackles underground gun market, Chicago murder rate By Claire Ballentine Towerview Editor
Headlines depicting gun violence seem to be commonplace nowadays. New research from a Duke professor lends insight into how the underground gun market contribute to these incidents. Every year, more than 10,000 Americans are killed by gun homicides, but most happen through attacks like armed robberies and assaults, not mass shootings. Philip Cook— ITT/Terry Sanford professor emeritus of public policy—and Harold Pollack—Helen Ross professor in the School of Social
Special to The Chronicle Most of the 10,000 gun homicides that occur each year happen through attacks like armed robberies, not mass shootings.
2 | MONDAY, NOVEMBER 20, 2017
HEALTH AND SCIENCE
As Uni. joins therapy effort, faculty discuss rise in opioid use
Service Administration at the University of Chicago— edited seven articles that show the importance of curbing the underground gun market that illegally supplies firearms to dangerous offenders. Although most guns are purchased legally at first, many are resold on illegal markets to gang members and convicted felons. Published in The Russell Sage Foundation Journal of the Social Sciences, the studies by experts in the field examined both the legal and illegal gun markets by drawing information from datasets and interviewing inmates. Cook explained that they attempted to show everything currently known about the underground gun market. “Our question was, how do these gang members and other dangerous people get their guns?” he said. “I think the answer that we found looking at a number of different studies is that they get most of their guns through their social network.” Pollack explained that in addition to the work in the RSF, he and Cook also collaborated on a project examining the Cook County Jail in Chicago and the Illinois prison system in general. They asked inmates about how they got their guns, how they carried them and why they felt the need to own a firearm. About 40 percent of people they interviewed had been shot during their adult lives, making owning guns a necessary part of survival. “There’s a sense that all these guys are armed up because they’re scared of each other,” Pollack said. Cook explained that few dangerous individuals buy guns from gun stores, steal the weapons or shop on the Internet for them. Most make connections with people they know and trust when they want to buy a gun. These transactions are often illegal because the purchasers are too young or have felony convictions or a serious criminal record that would bar them from going to a licensed dealer to buy the weapon.
As both state and national governments look to combat the opioid epidemic, Duke has joined a group of universities investigating how to reduce rampant opioid usage. Led by RTI International, a non-profit organization based in the Research Triangle Park, the $9 million study will be conducted in collaboration with the Mid-South Clinical Data Research Network, which is centered at the Vanderbilt University Medical Center and includes the Duke University Health System and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The study will test two different approaches with patients on chronic opioid therapy to try and find potential alternatives to long-term opioid usage. Nearly one in three Americans suffer from chronic noncancer pain. North Carolina and Tennessee are among the states with the highest concentration of opioid use in the United States. “I’m very excited about this study. It’s a really interesting combination of a way to reduce opioid over-prescription that doesn’t only put a limit on what doctors can do,” said Nicole Schramm-Sapyta, assistant professor of the practice in Duke Institute for Brain Sciences. “Many patients have long-term pain, and many are just on long-term opiate treatment, but patients all develop tolerance, and it’s unproductive.” Schramm-Sapyta conducts research dedicated to studying substance addiction and is part of an active body of professionals on Duke’s campus working to combat opioid misuse.
See GUN MARKET on Page 3
See OPIOID USE on Page 4
By Kathryn Silberstein Staff Reporter
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through when they ask if they want to be carrying this gun,” Pollack said. FROM PAGE 2 Cook explained that his surveys have found that the time between getting a gun and using it in a crime is typically very In the United States, 55 million adults own almost 270 short. If there is any hope in stopping violent crimes, the focus million guns in private circulation, providing a large reservoir should be preventing guns from moving into the hands of gang from which criminals can obtain firearms. members and criminals. Cook noted that the question now is how to reduce the “It’s helpful to regulate guns,” Cook said. “States where underground gun market. He often hears people say that it’s useless to try to keep guns away from dangerous people because Our question was, how do are there so many in the United States. these gang members and other “My response would be an analogy with cars,” he said. “There’s a couple hundred million cars, but not every 14-yeardangerous people get their guns? old who wants a car has immediate access to one. There has to be some kind of illegal transaction.” PHILIP COOK The underground gun market is similar to that for ITT/TERRY SANFORD PROFESSOR EMERITUS prescription opioids—there are many avenues to acquire OF PUBLIC POLICY the product, so there is no one bottleneck to close down, Pollack noted. there are no regulations on gun transactions have a harder time Strengthening the background check system and increasing keeping the guns away from dangerous people.” worries about the punishment for carrying a gun illegally are He also noted the importance of police not just arresting key to curbing the market, he said. robbers and shooters but investigating how they got their guns. “We need a portfolio of efforts that add up to something that In many high-crime areas, police are so focused on arresting and changes that personal cost-benefit calculation that a person goes prosecuting that they don’t make these investigations a priority.
TRAVEL FROM PAGE 1 Middle East. Christy Lohr Sapp, associate dean for religious life, explained that these courses make way for meaningful relationships among students. “You don’t get to know people that well just in a classroom,” Sapp said. “When you travel with students, you really get to build a deeper relation with them.” Next semester, Sapp will teach Culture Wars: Israel and Palestine Resistance Through Arts and Culture, a travel-embedded course which focuses on competing religious claims. Students in the course travel to the Middle East in May right after final exams. Sapp said she has
been able to work with Duke’s Jewish Studies department to lead trips in the past. She noted that in previous years the department has not faced major travel issues. The course requires students to send a copy of their passport as a part of the application process. “We do abide by the Duke Global Ed and international travel regulations. All students register to travel. And we go through the travel safety protocols that Duke has in place,” Sapp said. In addition to the paperwork requirements, students meet more frequently prior to departure in order to bond with the group. Instead of meeting once a week, the class meets twice a week in order to develop relationships between students and faculty. “I would like to get to know them and have them know me before we head out,” said
MONDAY, NOVEMBER 20, 2017 | 3
“It’s not very exciting,” Cook said. “In the eyes of the courts and what they’re dealing with, it’s a relatively minor crime.” However, he said police should take the idea of the social network seriously and look for ways to put legal pressure on it. Providing someone with a gun illegally is a victimless crime until that individual uses it in a violent act. Cook said that studying the underground gun market is important because it can help reduce the high murder rate in the United States, which he attributed to the large number guns in the country and how easy it is to get them. If there is a fight or robbery, the likelihood of someone dying is much higher if a gun is involved, he said. In addition, impulsive suicides are more likely to be completed if there is a gun easily available. “Making guns harder to get is not going to affect the crime rate very much, but it will affect the murder rate and the consequences of violent crime,” he said. Pollack explained that the United States has a level of crime that is similar to other nations but with many more deaths resulting from it. In his opinion, there is no more important question of public safety than reducing gun violence. “Many gun offenders themselves would like for us to get a handle of this,” he said. “They’re carrying guns because everyone else is.”
Saskia Ziolkowski, visiting assistant professor of romance studies and instructor for the upcoming Jewish Italy course, another class that includes travel. In comparison to a typical course, the Jewish Italy course covers more historical material, Ziolkowski said. After the students return, they pick which topics they want to study in class based on their travel experiences. The students are able to reflect on their experiences and create an interactive classroom experience, she added. This is not the first year that travelembedded courses are being offered. The Jewish Italy course is the second class funded in part from the Lauder Family foundation grant. In previous years, the Lauder Family foundation grant has allowed various Duke courses to take trips to Washington D.C., Kentucky, Poland,
Lithuania, Bethlehem—the Palestinian town in the West Bank—and Jerusalem at no additional cost to students. However, the future of the Unviersity’s travel-embedded course offerings is unclear because funding remains an issue. “[The Lauder foundation grant] was a five year grant and this is the last year of it,” Sapp explained. “I don’t know if I will be able to offer it with the travel component.” Amidst uncertainty about the future of travelembedded courses, Sapp expressed gratitude for the relationships the courses can offer. “Students who spend more intense time with each other build different relationships with each other and their faculty member,” Sapp said. “As strange as this sounds, I hope to come out of this with some people who want me to write letters of recommendation.”
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OPIOID USE FROM PAGE 2 “Reducing over-prescription is the first step, but it’s only the first step,” she said. “As the opioid crisis has gotten deeper, more and more people take opioid medication, more misuse them, more become addicted. What we need now are addiction treatment services.” In addition to treatment for addiction and overdose, however, the collaboration aims to produce strategies to reduce or eliminate chronic opioid therapy in patients who are not benefiting from it. At the same time, the team wants to ensure opioid access for those who are benefiting from the prescriptions. Treatment strategies will be tested on patients with chronic non-cancer pain. One such intervention involves motivational interviewing.
I think President Trump fell short by declaring the opioid crisis a public health emergency. LAWRENCE GREENBLATT
PROFESSOR OF MEDICINE
Schramm-Sapyta explained that the purpose of motivational interviewing is to ask patients what their real goals are. The goal of opiate medication has usually been for the medication to be a pain-free, but she said that it should not necessarily be the goal. Whereas motivational interviews are used to identify what patient’s true goals are, cognitive behavioral therapy can help patients identify triggers that stimulate their own pain and cause them to take more medication. Professor of Medicine Lawrence Greenblatt, another Dukeaffiliated professional who is studying the opioid epidemic, noted that five years ago, an increased number of Medicaid recipients were attempting to obtain pain medication. “It was often the same group going every few days, with the reason for the visit changing,” said Greenblatt, who is also co-leader of the Duke Opioid Safety Task Force. “We were seeing more and more in the news being written about opioid
abuse and overdose death. This wasn’t a topic of conversation amongst healthcare providers, and it wasn’t being talked about at conferences, but we were seeing it and we knew it was happening.” In response, Greenblatt and his team approached the Medication Safety Committee at Duke, suggesting that the University establish policies and procedures around opioid safety. Greenblatt and his colleagues formed the temporary Duke Opioid Safety Task Force and ultimately produced a modified version of the North Carolina Medical Board’s endorsed guidelines. Through this set of rules, providers who are administering long-term opioid therapy are encouraged to have a commitment with the patient stipulating that the patient only receive the medication from that provider. Patients are also asked to use the state database of controlled substances—the Controlled Substances Reporting System—to ensure that no patients are being prescribed a drug that would negatively interact with the opioid. Signed into law by Governor Roy Cooper in June, the Strengthen Opioid Misuse Prevention (STOP) Act was geared toward reducing the supply of unused, misused and diverted opioids accessible in North Carolina. The act sought to improve care by requiring those who prescribed opioids to use tools and resources such as the Controlled Substances Reporting System to prevent inappropriate prescribing. Greenblatt emphasized the importance of the system—a database that records all controlled substance prescriptions dispensed in outpatient pharmacies. Prescribers are also now required to review a patient’s 12-month history in the system before issuing an initial prescription for an opioid beyond a five-to-seven-day prescription. The reporting system will be improved and then integrated into the electronic medical record systems utilized in healthcare institutions, so prescribers can quickly access this information when interacting with patients, Greenblatt explained. “The STOP Act is going to improve safety in our state and hopefully result in lower numbers of overdose deaths than we would have seen,” he said. Even more recently, President Donald Trump declared the opioid crisis a public health emergency in October. “I think that President Trump did a good job by declaring it a public health emergency,” Schramm-Sapyta
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said. “That’s how it needs to be treated, and it opens up more treatment resources for patients and removes barriers to treatment. Addiction treatment services are the best outcome of this declaration.” However, Greenblatt noted that the weight behind the president’s declaration might not be great enough to stimulate actual progress. “I think President Trump fell short by declaring the opioid crisis a public health emergency. It brought media attention but didn’t commit any resources to a very complicated problem that cannot be fixed with media,” he said. “It will need the investment of resources and training. Treatment for those who need it is expensive, and by calling it what [President Trump] did rather than a national emergency, it didn’t commit any resources.”
RHODES FROM PAGE 1 Fund. The fund helps coach people in shelters on how to improve their financial situation. President Vincent Price congratulated Stewart in a Duke Today press release. “I want to congratulate Gabi on her well-deserved Rhodes Scholarship,” Price said. “In her time at Duke, she has demonstrated great leadership both on campus and off through her social justice work and her research on ancient Greece. She is very well qualified to join the long line of distinguished Duke graduates who have been awarded Rhodes Scholarships, and I look forward to seeing where her career takes her from Oxford.” “I am beyond honored to have been named a Rhodes Scholar,” Stewart said in the Duke Today release. “I cannot articulate how thankful I am for everyone who made this possible: my family, friends, professors, mentors, fellowship advisors, and the amazing people I met from District 16. I’m so delighted that I have the opportunity to cultivate the knowledge and experience to ‘fight the world’s fight’ at Oxford.” Timur Ohloff, a visiting student from Germany, was named a Rhodes Scholar from Duke last year. The year prior, then-seniors Laura Roberts and Jay Ruckelshaus were named Rhodes Scholars.
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PALPABLE BUZZ WOMEN’S SOCCER: ADVANCES TO ELITE EIGHT • WOMEN’S BASKETBALL: FALLS ON THE ROAD
6 | MONDAY, NOVEMBER 20, 2017
Blue Devils rush for 319 yards, hand the ball to Wilson and Brown 25 times in blowout victory By Hank Tucker Sports Editor
Head coach David Cutcliffe and offensive coordinator Zac Roper must have heard the grumblings during Duke’s sixgame losing streak. With the Blue Devils failing to score more than 21 points in all six defeats—its longest such streak of offensive futility since 2003— fans and media raised questions about playcalling and Daniel Jones’ development. But Duke silenced those critics with a near-perfect offensive performance Saturday. The Blue Devils scored on their first seven offensive drives, only punting for the first time with less than 10 minutes left in the game, and scored their most points against an FBS opponent all season in Saturday’s 4320 win against Georgia Tech. “It’s more than just a sigh of relief,” Jones said. “It’s a lot of fun to play as we did as a team today.” Jones played a disciplined, mistake-free game, but the offensive stars of the day were running backs Brittain Brown and Shaun Wilson. After the Blue Devils only handed them the ball 12 times last week at Army, the duo combined for 27 carries and 189 rushing yards Saturday. Throw in 91 rushing yards from Jones— most of them on zone reads and designed quarterback runs—and Duke beat Georgia Tech at its own game, outrushing the Yellow Jackets’ vaunted triple-option offense 319-277. “We run options our own way, so our quarterback has a lot of answers. I thought Zac Roper had a great job of having him ready,” Cutcliffe said. “We package a lot of plays. We have a lot of read plays, but we
Henry Haggart | Staff Photographer
Redshirt freshman Brittain Brown ran for 116 yards and a touchdown on 14 carries, scampering 27 yards on back-to-back plays. also package and let the quarterback put us in the best play possible. Zac Roper did an incredible job of that.” The game looked like it could start to slip away early, when Georgia Tech scored on its first two possessions to take a 14-3 lead. But after a first-down completion to Johnathan Lloyd on the Blue Devils’ ensuing drive, Roper worked to establish a ground game. Brown carried the ball for 27-yard gains on back-to-back plays to propel Duke into the red zone. Duke then ran the ball on its next two plays before Jones threw a swing
pass to Wilson for a touchdown. Jones’ second passing touchdown also came on a screen to the senior running back. “We felt like our matchups were better than they’ve been,” Cutcliffe said. “Both backs at times, and certainly Brittain, ran possessed. They took advantage of their opportunities.” With the Blue Devils trailing 20-13 late in the first half, it was Jones’ turn to lead a twominute drill. Duke had struggled late in the first half all season to generate meaningful drives and gave up several backbreaking touchdowns in its losses, but this time, the last minute of the half swung the momentum
toward the Blue Devils. Jones completed three passes, including one on fourth-and-5 to Daniel Helm, to get his team close to the end zone, and Brown finished the job with a two-yard touchdown run with 26 seconds left. The drive covered 72 yards, with just 1:37 ticking off the clock. “We’ve got to celebrate the offensive line. We rushed for 300-plus yards and they were pushing that defensive line over. I was just running right behind them boys and we ran the ball a lot more,” Brown said. “The running game has helped us against Georgia Tech and once we did that, we could mix it up a little bit with the pass.” When the Yellow Jackets stopped scoring in the second half, Duke kept going, pulling away with an effective mix of runs and passes for the first time in months. Its 51 rushing attempts matched its most since their Sept. 16 win against Baylor, taking pressure off of Jones’ shoulders. The success on the ground seemed to open up the air for Jones, who found his receivers in key spots throughout the second half with the Yellow Jacket secondary sagging off while their defensive front had to defend against the run. Jones was 18-of-26 with 177 passing yards, only got sacked once and did not commit a turnover, though he nearly threw an interception in the end zone on the Blue Devils’ first drive of the day. “He is trying to please all the time, but you can’t go make a play—you’ve got to make your plays. Take care of your business, and he did a better job of that,” Cutcliffe said. “He had his focus where it needed to be about 97 percent of the time. That’s well on the way to having a chance at being special.”
No. 1 Duke victorious despite sluggish performance By Ben Leonard Blue Zone Editor
Marvin Bagley III couldn’t see out of his left eye for 45 minutes when Javin DeLaurier accidentally poked him in the eye against Michigan State. Three days later, his vision was more than just fine. Although the rest of the team besides Wendell Carter Jr. seemed 61 to be in a hangover SOU 78 in the first half DUKE after No. 1 Duke’s thrilling win against the No. 2 Spartans, Bagley didn’t miss a beat. The former No. 1 recruit led the Blue Devils to a 78-61 win against Southern at Cameron Indoor Stadium Friday night, scoring 19 points— including nine of Duke’s first 16—and grabbing 11 rebounds before fouling out. Carter was also a force in the paint, scoring 20 points with 11 rebounds against an undersized team that ranked 330th out of 351 in Ken Pomeroy’s adjusted efficiency ranking. “I might have 20 points tonight, but we came out and did not play as a team. We were very selfish and very immature,” Carter said. “Just came out of a great win against Michigan State
and we didn’t come out and play like we did against Michigan State.” Despite a clear-eyed Bagley and Carter’s exploits, the Blue Devils struggled to separate themselves from the Jaguars early, finding themselves tied at 27 near the end of the first half against a team that lost by nearly 50 to Illinois. Duke’s guards were unproductive—the starting guard combo of Grayson Allen, Gary Trent Jr. and Trevon Duval went just 9-of-27 from the field and combined for 28 points. But despite struggling for most of the night, Allen stepped up and sparked a 10-0 Duke run late in the first half on a breakaway transition layup to help it begin to take control. Duke (4-0) was outrebounded 7-5 to start the game against a team that has just one player above 6-foot-8 and played sloppy basketball in the opening minutes. The Blue Devils turned the ball over five times in the first seven-plus minutes and nine times in the first half, allowing Southern (0-4) to hang around despite being in the double bonus for all but 10:17 of the first half. Although the Blue Devils struggled, head coach Mike Krzyzewski is nowhere near panicking. “What happens is if you’re not playing together, you gravitate toward trying to get your own. That doesn’t mean you start out that way,” Krzyzewski said. “Let’s not get into a scenario where that’s what
Jim Liu | News Photography Editor
Marvin Bagley III has posted a double-double in three games already and did not show any lingering effects from the eye injury he suffered against Michigan State. our guys are. We play one game and we don’t win by 40 points and suddenly everyone’s out for their own. That’s not how it is.” Although Bagley was efficient from the field, he struggled from the line once again, going 5-of9 from the charity stripe. Bagley and Carter ended
up with 26 of Duke’s 42 points at the half—Alex O’Connell was the first outside of that pair to score nearly 11 minutes into the game. Bagley said he is back to normal vision despite See M. BASKETBALL on Page 9
MONDAY, NOVEMBER 20, 2017 | 7
Duke advances to third consecutive Elite Eight By Meredith Cash Staff Reporter
The Blue Devils have been making history all year, but after officially tying their program record for wins in a single season Sunday afternoon, there is only one word to fully encapsulate Duke’s 22-win campaign: Elite. The top-seeded Blue Devils secured their spot in the Elite Eight with a 3-0 romp of No. 4 seed Texas in the Sweet 16 of the NCAA tournament at Koskinen Stadium. Senior captain Imani Dorsey TEXAS 0 put Duke on the 3 board in the third DUKE minute of Sunday’s game, and juniors Kayla McCoy and Taylor Racioppi followed up her efforts later in the contest to round out the scoring effort. “We’re in the final eight teams out of 333 and we’re 90 minutes away from the Final Four, which has been a huge goal of ours all year,” Duke head coach Robbie Church said. “This team deserves everything they’ve gotten. They’ve worked hard and they’re obviously very, very good. We’re a very confident team right now and this was a fantastic weekend.” Duke (22-2-0) came out aggressive from the opening touch. After Racioppi delivered a clean pass through the box, Dorsey broke through just 2:45 into the contest. The Elkridge, Md., native—who was named ACC Offensive Player of the Year—sent a hard ball into the back left corner of the net. Dorsey leads the Blue Devils with 13 goals, five of which were game-winners, and nine assists on the season.
FOOTBALL FROM PAGE 1 Duke (5-6, 2-5 in the ACC) initially struggled against Georgia Tech’s vaunted tripleoption offense without starting linebacker Ben Humphreys, who missed the game with a leg injury. Explosive plays haunted the Blue Devils on the Yellow Jackets’ first two offensive possessions, as Duke surrendered three plays of at least 25 yards. But the Blue Devils settled down after Dimukeje’s interception, with star linebacker
Dorsey’s score marked Duke’s secondfastest goal of the season, clocking in just eight seconds slower than sophomore Ella Stevens’ opening score in the Blue Devils’ 3-1 win against Bucknell Aug. 25. Church credited Dorsey’s early effort with setting the tone for the remainder of the match. “It’s huge,” Church said. “Those early goals are huge because they give you confidence and put the other team on their back foot.... Taylor played a nice ball to Imani, and of course Imani does what she does and finishes it.” After a brief lull for Duke’s offense, McCoy found the back of the net in the 31st minute. Stevens beat a defender on the left flank and lofted a long ball into the box, where McCoy ran onto the ball and laid out for a diving header. The Lincolnwood, Ill., native has been a prolific scorer alongside Dorsey this season. Her 13 goals and seven assists rank second on the team, and the attacking duo has accounted for 46.4 percent of the Blue Devils’ goals this year. “Their defense was running back toward the goal, and I saw a chance to just get on it before the keeper came out,” McCoy said. “I went to head it and it was a little bit further away from me than I initially thought, so I went full extension.” The second half was quieter for Duke, but Racioppi scored her second goal in as many games in the 65th minute. Stevens found the Ocean Township, N.J., native as she made a run to the top of the arc. After some advanced footwork that left her defender reeling, Racioppi sent a rocket to the top shelf from
Joe Giles-Harris leading the charge with a game-high 14 tackles. True freshman Marquis Waters stepped in admirably for Humphreys, recording nine tackles, and backup safety Dylan Singleton chipped in with seven tackles as well. “At halftime, we made some good adjustments. We talked about why we felt like Marshall got away on some runs,” Duke head coach David Cutcliffe said. “We had been that close on defense, and it was a feeling coming down that tunnel [for the second half], we knew what was getting ready to happen.”
Henry Haggart | Staff Photographer
Shaun Wilson accounted for three scores Saturday, catching two touchdown passes and throwing his first career touchdown on a jump pass.
Sanjeev Dasgupta | Sports Photography Editor
Junior Kayla McCoy’s diving header off a long cross from Ella Stevens doubled Duke’s lead in the 31st minute. just inside the 18-yard box for her fifth goal of the season. The Blue Devils closed out the game without much further action on either end of the field. Duke outshot the Longhorns 14-6, and the Blue Devil back line limited Texas (14-4-3) to just one shot on goal throughout the contest. Duke has yet to allow a goal in NCAA tournament play heading into the Elite Eight. “We were creating chances, and when we create chances, we’re going to score goals,” Church said. “Taylor had a really nice goal in
the second half. She’s played at a really high level during the NCAA tournament, which is great to see. It’s something that we need.” The Blue Devils will move on to face Baylor Friday at 5 p.m. for a shot at the Final Four in their final home game of the season. The winner of that matchup will travel to Orlando, Fla., the following weekend. “I’m just glad we’re home,” Church said. “The final eight is always a very tricky game because you’re only 90 minutes away from a Final Four, so we’re excited to have it at home and be familiar with our surroundings.”
Initially, Singleton was not in the lineup, but Jim Thorpe Award semifinalist Jeremy McDuffie went down at the end of the first quarter with a non-contact injury. Guarding the sideline, McDuffie took an awkward step and crumpled to the ground, forcing Singleton into the contest. After the game, Cutcliffe said that the outlook on McDuffie’s injury is not encouraging, and he will get an MRI Sunday. Offensively, the Blue Devils were rolling from the start despite their struggles in the red zone. After settling for two field goals on its first three possessions—sandwiching an 11-yard touchdown pass from quarterback Daniel Jones to senior running back Shaun Wilson—Duke rattled off two straight touchdowns and scored on its first seven offensive possessions. “On offense, we did a good job of finishing drives,” Jones said. “We knew we were capable. It was a matter of finishing drives and getting points.” After unsuccessfully trying to establish the pass in last week’s 21-16 loss at Army, the Blue Devils went back to their power running attack to jumpstart the offense. Wilson and Brown combined for 189 yards on 25 carries, and Jones registered 91 rushing yards and a 32-yard touchdown as well. The ground game helped set up an effective passing game, as Duke threw three touchdowns for the first time since its season-opening victory against N.C. Central. Jones went 18-for-26 for 177 yards and two touchdowns out of the backfield to Wilson, and Wilson added the third on a creative jump-pass play-call from offensive coordinator Zac Roper.
On Georgia Tech’s four-yard line, Jones handed the ball off to Wilson, who took a step and then lofted a jump pass to a wideopen Daniel Helm in the end zone for Duke’s fourth touchdown of the contest. Wilson was not the only one to provide a highlight play in the passing game, though, as redshirt junior wideout Johnathan Lloyd hauled in a one-handed 27-yard reception with a Yellow Jacket defender draped all over him to set up an earlier touchdown. “We just put it in this week. That was something that I had wanted to do,” Cutcliffe said. “I haven’t seen it on film yet, but it obviously worked pretty well.” The Blue Devils reached the 20-point mark for the first time in five weeks before the first half ended, as their two-minute drill finished with a two-yard rush from Brown to tie the game at 20 apiece. Redshirt senior defensive end Mike Ramsay blocked the extra point after Georgia Tech (5-5, 4-4) scored its third offensive touchdown of the half—his second blocked kick in two games, and Duke scored the last 30 points of the game after that. The Blue Devils’ regular-season finale will come next Saturday at 12:30 p.m. at Wake Forest. With five wins, Duke could potentially make a bowl even with a loss next week. But with a victory, the Blue Devils will lock up bowl eligibility for sure. “We knew that it was going to break one time. That something was going to work out, something’s going to go our way,” Davis said. “Now we have to learn from that film and learn from our mistakes and push forward, because we have a good Wake Forest team next weekend in their house. We’ve got to get to six wins.”
8 | MONDAY, NOVEMBER 20, 2017
Third-quarter onslaught dooms Duke on road By Alex Sanfilippo Staff Reporter
VILLANOVA, Pa.—Against a stout Villanova defense, the Blue Devils struggled to generate any offensive consistency in an upset loss. No. 11 Duke dropped its first game of the season against the Wildcats Sunday afternoon at Jake Nevin Field House 64-55 after Villanova pulled away in the third quarter by outscoring the DUKE 55 Blue Devils 26NOVA 64 8. The Wildcats shut down the Blue Devils’ most potent players in graduate students Rebecca Greenwell and Lexie Brown,
forcing Duke to get the ball inside to generate offensive movement. Greenwell finished with just nine points, a season low, and shot a dismal 28.5 percent from the floor, and Brown sat for much of Villanova’s decisive thirdquarter run with four fouls. “We were just too rushed offensively. We had some good looks,” Greenwell said. “We were too rushed and we needed to slow down. Those are shots we get every day in practice and in games and we just didn’t convert.” After the Blue Devils took a 28-22 lead into the halftime locker room, things changed quickly at the start of the third quarter— Villanova found its shooting groove. The Wildcats stormed past Duke, using a
Jim Liu | News Photography Editor
Lexie Brown picked up her third and fourth fouls early in the third quarter and watched from the bench as Villanova pulled away.
17-2 run that lasted much of the third quarter to pull away and take a 48-36 lead at the end of the period, their largest of the game. That deficit proved too much for the Blue Devils to overcome, as their shooting woes continued into the fourth quarter and the Wildcats continued to cash in from beyond the arc. “We defended the 3-point line so much better in the first half than the second half,” Brown said. “In the second half, they came out on fire, but as a team I think we have to grow up and be more mature and bounce back from things like that. I think the game is a game of runs, and we just didn’t handle their run very well.” Sophomore Kelly Jekot led Villanova with 23 points, including 17 in the second half. Senior Alex Louin also propelled the Wildcats with 17 points, all of those coming after intermission. Villanova attempted a seasonhigh 40 3-pointers, connecting on 10 of their 20 tries in the second half. “We did whatever we could defensively, and still they got the same shots,” Duke head coach Joanne P. McCallie said. “You know why—because they moved the ball, we couldn’t force them to dribble and they did a great job hitting their shots. It comes down to defensive leadership—the five people on the floor really have to communicate to get it done. And we didn’t. That’s the third quarter.... Until we get vocal leadership and people really into the defense for 40 minutes, we’re going to struggle.” The Wildcats (3-0) showed a tendency for tenacious defense in their first two games—limiting opponents to just 53 and 42 points. After putting up more than 70 points in both of their contests this season, the Blue Devils (2-1) were unusually cold, finishing just 37.5 percent from the floor
and 2-for-12 from beyond the arc. Looking to speed up the pace of play against a Villanova team known to use the entire shot clock on offense, Duke found success early on with a full-court press, forcing multiple turnovers. But the Blue Devils failed to capitalize on most of their opportunities, and the Wildcats settled down to finish with just eight giveaways. Were it not for Villanova’s similarly dismal first-half offensive performance—the Wildcats shot just 7-for-30 from the field— Duke could have trailed early. Instead, the Blue Devils took a 28-22 lead into the locker room at halftime. With Greenwell contained for much of the game and Brown picking up her third and fourth fouls early in the third quarter, Duke’s lack of depth proved costly, with its bench logging only eight points. In addition, highly-touted freshman starter Mikayla Boykin finished with only three points despite being on the floor for close to 30 minutes. Turnovers again plagued the Blue Devils, who forced the ball inside looking to take advantage of their height advantage. Sophomore Leaonna Odom finished with 13 points and 12 boards, and the Blue Devils outrebounded Villanova 44-26, but they did not spread the floor well enough and connect with consistency from beyond the arc. “Again, turnovers—that’s a huge key for us,” McCallie said. “If it’s an up-and-down run-andgun game, turnovers don’t become as important, but they do in these kinds of games.” The Blue Devils will be on the road again for a matchup with Old Dominion on Wednesday before returning to Cameron Indoor Stadium for their first top-25 matchup this season Nov. 25 against No. 18 Oregon State.
Blue Devils top Panthers in chippy NCAA opener By Andrew Donohue Assistant Blue Zone Editor
In its first NCAA tournament game since 2011, Duke wanted to be sure it would not fall victim to an early exit. And despite facing off against a dangerous team in a game that became increasingly chippy as the minutes wore on, the Blue Devils succeeded. No. 6 seed Duke beat Florida International 2-1 Sunday night at Koskinen Stadium in the second round of the NCAA tournament after earning a first-round bye. The 1 Blue Devils relied on FIU 2 their typical stingy DUKE defense and a couple moments of magic from junior Max Moser and freshman Kristófer Garðarsson to prevail against a physical Panthers squad. The Blue Devils came out with a different lineup due to the absence of defensive linchpin Markus Fjørtoft, who missed the game after picking up a red card in Duke’s ACC tournament loss. This forced senior Carter Manley to slide into the center back position on the back line, and sophomore Jack Doran took his place on the outside. “Carter is a very talented player on both sides of the ball,” Duke head coach John Kerr
said. “He’s very equipped to play the ball long with his left or right, he can play it short either way and he’s got a lot of experience and recovery speed as well, reads the game well. He was the obvious choice.” It was an up-and-down first half for the Blue Devils (12-4-2) as they took some time to settle into their new lineup, conceding several early chances, but they settled down and largely took charge as the match continued. Duke was temporarily denied midway through the half when junior Ciaran McKenna had a point-blank shot saved by Florida International goalkeeper Hugo Fauroux in the 16th minute off a beautiful cross from senior Kevon Black. But the Blue Devils got on the board shortly after on a free kick by Moser. Duke won a free kick 30 yards out from goal, and the Brengenz, Austria, native stepped up to take it. He unleashed a curling shot into the near-post side netting that confused Fauroux so much that he did not even make an effort to save it. After the goal, the game largely turned into a stalemate, with Duke having the majority of possession, but both teams unable to create many real chances. The second half was largely uneventful for the first 25 minutes, but exploded into
Carolyn Chang | Staff Photographer
Max Moser put Duke on the board with a free kick from 30 yards out that curled into the left side of the net. fireworks later on. Garðarsson padded the Blue Devils’ lead in the 73rd minute with a curling finish from the top of the box following a centering pass from Suniel Verrakone, with Fauroux not even diving to make a save once again. It was the Akrankes, Iceland, native’s first goal at Duke and could
hardly have come at a better time. “Heck of a goal by Kristófer Garðarsson to show his quality,” Kerr said. “Garðarsson shows every day in practice that he has that quality of striking the ball.” See M. SOCCER on Page 9
M. BASKETBALL FROM PAGE 6 not being able to see for parts of the game even when he returned to the bench from the locker room, and is confident that he will be able to fix his shot. “I know I can shoot free throws,” Bagley said. “They’re just not falling for me right now. I’ve been shooting free throws my whole life and I’ve been making them. It’s just going to take little adjustments and small things, and it’ll eventually fall. I’m confident in that.” The Blue Devils never really exploded past the Jaguars like expected, struggling to shoot even in the second half. Duke made just 4-of-20 3-pointers and struggled from the line, finishing just 24-of-37, and it outscored Southern by just seven points following the break. After scoring a career-high 37 points against Michigan State, Allen had a quiet night at Cameron, scoring just 10 points on 3-of-9 shooting—including 0-of-6 from beyond the arc. But that
MONDAY, NOVEMBER 20, 2017 | 9
certainly didn’t rattle his confidence. “I think I would have made the next seven in a row if I took seven more,” Allen said. Krzyzewski used a deep rotation once again, with 10 players seeing three or more minutes. O’Connell saw the most time off the bench, scoring five points in 14 minutes. Krzyzewski said he liked what Marques Bolden brought off the bench—he was behind Javin DeLaurier and Antonio Vrankovic and was -3 in plus-minus, but finished with four points and two rebounds. With the guards’ struggles, Allen said that Duke’s offense worked better when it didn’t run any plays and worked through the bigs. “It’s very important for our team offensively to play through them,” Allen said. “They carried us scoring-wise, really the whole game, and in the second half we got a couple freebies and easy ones, but really it’s them that carried our offense. They can do that and they should do that.” The Blue Devils will return to the floor Monday night for a matchup with Furman at Cameron.
Juliana Arbelaez | Staff Photographer
Kristófer Garðarsson scored Duke’s second goal off an assist by Suniel Veerakone.
M. SOCCER FROM PAGE 8 The Panthers (12-1-4) struck back a few minutes later to make things interesting when Paul Marie beat the entire Blue Devil back line to a long ball and then finished past goalkeeper Will Pulisic to cut the deficit in half. It was Marie’s eighth goal of the season as one of the centerpieces of Florida International’s dangerous attack. The game slowed down in the last 10 minutes, as the Blue Devils tried to milk the clock and the Panthers pressed for an equalizer. The Panthers started to get chippy as the clock ticked away—the teams combined for 34 fouls during the game, culminating with Florida International defender Marvin Hezel being sent off in the 88th minute. “Obviously, scary moments at the end, and we miskicked a couple balls and we made it interesting,” Kerr said. “But we held resolve and Will made a great save down there at the last second.” The win was Kerr’s 100th as Duke’s head coach, and he will The New York Times Syndication aim for No.Sales 101 inCorporation the Round of 16. The Blue Devils will face 620 Eighth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10018 off against Fordham, which knocked off No. 11 seed Virginia Sujal Manohar | Recess Photography Editor For Information Call: 1-800-972-3550 Wendell Carter Jr. led the Blue Devils with 20 points Friday and added 11 rebounds. in the second round, Saturday at 6 p.m. at Koskinen. For Release Saturday, November 18, 2017 For Release Monday, November 20, 2017
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The Chronicle Our favorite thing about Thanksgiving: Black Friday shopping: ���������������������������������������������������������������������� likhithabanana Watching the Cowboys lose: �������������������������������������������������������������������� happyrock Stuffing and pumpkin pie: �������������������������������������������������������������������� hankthetank PK80!: �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������theneeldeal Student Advertising Manager: ������������������������������������������������������������Megan Bowen Student Marketing Manager: ���������������������������������������������������������������������Lizzy Pott Account Representatives: ������������������������������Brittany Amano, Griffin Carter, TJ Cole, Paul Dickinson, Jack Forlines, Matt Gendell, Francis L’Esperance, Jack Lubin, Gabriela Martinez-Moure, Jake Melnick, Lauren Pederson, Brendan Quinlan, Levi Rhoades, Rebecca Ross, Jake Schulman, Matt Zychowski Creative Services: �������������������������������������������������� Rachael Murtagh, Myla Swallow Student Business Manager ���������������������������������������������������������������������� Dylan Riley
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A E M G E R R E TI C A T N A D R A D I DI R E A
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A T L Y A P S E A O Y S L U M H O O M T A A T CI R H
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T H E I N D E P E N D E N T D A I LY AT D U K E U N I V E R S I T Y
Caldbeck, the penitent Duke bro? Last Thursday, Justin Caldbeck, the disgraced ventured capitalist and Duke alumni (Trinity, ‘99), was on campus to speak to students in a finance class about the dangers of “bro-culture.” Caldbeck famously resigned this past summer from Binary Capital, a leading venture capital firm in the Silicon Valley, amidst a wave of sexual harassment claims by female peers in the industry. According to Bloomberg Businessweek and The Chronicle, Caldbeck gave a 51-slide presentation to about 50 students in which he highlighted the toxic masculinity inherent within the Silicon Valley and at Duke. Caldbeck, in speaking to the class, also stated that he took “full responsibility for his actions” and highlighted the “importance of speaking out against sexual harassment.” Caldbeck’s speech and presence at Duke was obviously problematic in a number of regards. Although Caldbeck did emphasize taking “full responsibility for his actions,” nonetheless his emphasis on “lacking self-awareness” and blaming the toxic “bro-culture” at Duke and the Silicon Valley for his actions does not justify the fact that as an individual, self-cognizant man in a position of power, he sexually harassed his female peers, notwithstanding obvious structural factors. The fact remains that he was obviously “self-aware” of the problematic,
“Super proud of Gabrielle Stewart. Congratulations on the Rhodes Scholarship ....DUKE Proud” — Barbara Summey Marshall on Nov. 19 article, “Senior
Gabrielle Stewart named Rhodes Scholar”
LETTERS POLICY The Chronicle welcomes submissions in the form of letters to the editor or guest columns. Submissions must include the author’s name, signature, department or class, and for purposes of identification, phone number and local address. Letters should not exceed 325 words; contact the editorial department for information regarding guest columns. The Chronicle will not publish anonymous or form letters or letters that are promotional in nature. The Chronicle reserves the right to edit letters and guest columns for length, clarity and style and the right to withhold letters based on the discretion of the editorial page editor.
misogynistic nature of “bro-culture”—rather he quite oppositely relished in it from his position of power. Moreover, although Edward Tirayakin (the lecturer who hosted Caldbeck) stated that he thought Caldbeck represented a “good learning lesson” for his students as someone “who did some pretty bad things and lost a lot of money,” clearly Caldbeck is benefiting professionally off his wrongdoings as evident by his recent actions. Caldbeck has embarked upon the
Editorial Board much-trodden path of past offenders, portraying himself as a “penitent sinner” and in the process professionally benefiting off of speaking events as well as his very public, self-styled campaign of “selfawareness.” Clearly, even for the most egregious sexual offenders, there is definitely a professional afterlife—as evident by the “Head of Self-Reflection, Accountability & Change” himself. However, Caldbeck is correct in highlighting the toxic masculinity inherent at Duke and consequently within the professional world. A former walk-on for Duke’s basketball team and a fraternity member, Caldbeck noted in his talk of a common culture of
sexualizing and objectifying women ingrained within male organizations on campus. At a campus where 40 percent of undergraduate women report being sexually assaulted, it follows that such an unsafe environment continues into the professional world where men like Caldbeck can continue their actions in a maledominated workplace. As someone who has engaged with this “bro-culture” ever since his days at Duke, it is deplorable that it took an entire professional scandal for Caldbeck to become conscious of the inherently problematic nature of this undeterred chain of toxic masculinity. Caldbeck’s presence on campus as well his postscandal behavior is especially shameful as an alum who is clearly professionally benefiting off of his previous wrongdoings. Moreover, instead of using the Caldbeck case as an example of “It can happen to you” in order to deter sexual assault/harassment on campus and in the professional realm, we should aim to instead ameliorate the structural, cultural causes of such behavior in a way that recognizes the fundamental human right of every student and employee to feel safe. It is going to take more than a one-dimensional act of public penance from a disgraced Duke-affiliated sexual-harasser in order to truly create a campus and professional world where everyone feels safe.
Annual B.S. competition
10 | MONDAY, NOVEMBER 20, 2017
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uke students continued an age-old tradition this past week as thousands of undergrads hunkered down for the commencement of the 17th biannual Busyness and Stress (B.S.) Competition. The cut-throat game, which challenges students to seem busier and more stressed than their peers, has long been a favorite of Duke students, dating back years to dorm rooms, lab basements, and library cubicles.
Monday Monday NOT NOT TRUE
Appearing constantly occupied and aggressively worried about coursework, extracurriculars, and social life is at the heart of the B.S. image. Three seniors formalized the game several years ago, striving to “build more community around Duke students’ B.S.” Ever since, the Competition has brought students together and tested them in myriad ways— ultimately asking, who’s the B.S. master? Although the time frame of unofficial games varies (with some students competing for four years straight), the official Competition spans three weeks during the fall and spring semesters, during which students are “constantly considered in-game” and must “ceaselessly” put on their most aggressive Busyness and Stress image. Each day, judges vote on the most “B.S.-qualified” contestants. Those who don’t make the cut are immediately eliminated—with the stakes getting higher each round. This cut-throat sense of competition and impending failure, said one organizer, “really pushes students” to do their best. “We find that even though students might underestimate just how much B.S. they’re capable of, it’s often far more than they think— they just need a little feeling of inadequacy!” Judges emphasize that no quantitative metrics, such as number of clubs or hours of homework, are recorded during the game—since it’s “not about
understanding how busy they actually are.” Instead, this year’s head judge said, it’s about “the general vibe” of the contestant. “The kind of B.S. we look for in Duke students isn’t that tangible stuff on paper, like clubs or jobs or research or whatever, but really just, like, the ambiance—how success feels around them.” Despite there being no single, defined path to victory, according to a former judge, there are “definitely clear B.S. strategies among previous winners.” Last semester’s champion, for instance, blended “constant complaints about grades” and “pointlessly late weeknights” with social media “grandstanding” and a “frantic-looking walk” to come across as the busiest and most-stressed student of the semester. The junior was actually moved to tears when he was announced the winner, then saying, “it almost makes all the misery worth it.” Another previous victor leveraged subtle signaling to out-B.S. her peers. “I remember she always wore workout clothes,” recalled one alumna who remembered the “legendary” competition round. “And she would always leave mixers early to finish her problem set,” she said, which was an “impressive” touch. “And then there was the color-coded agenda, the textbooks she would hulk around—it all left such an impression.” The alumna added that she “really admired” the student’s commitment to her lack thereof. Other assorted success tactics include exercising at bizarre hours, cancelling plans with friends to “study,” shoveling in food while walking, and blowing off dates because “it’s just been really busy lately.” Alongside this, though, the Competition’s creators noted that physical appearance should in no way suffer – the best competitors “find ways to still look great during the day, but also rock that ‘I’ve-been-in-Perk-for-sixhours’ sweatpants look come 2 A.M.” Ultimately, only one undergraduate can walk away victorious—the true master of B.S., the recipient of an enormous participation ribbon and the true admiration of their anxious peers. Monday Monday was unable to reach non-B.S.participants for comment – they were too busy actually working.
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Loss of meaning
omeone recently asked me what my greatest fear is. I assumed they wanted a real answer. I have reached the point in my life where I finally understand the definition of wisdom and exactly why it is that I have none. I used to think wisdom could be
Jaxson Floberg COLUMNIST
simulated with empathy—that by placing myself in someone else’s shoes, I could at least have some broader understanding of the complex lives of others. I was wrong about that, as with so many other things. In the context of aging, I used to think I understood the way old people view their lives—a sort of bittersweet combination of memory and acceptance of the unknown to come. This is probably not inaccurate for many people, but even if it’s a perfect description, the simple truth is that I have never been old and therefore can never even attempt to understand how growing old actually feels. I have felt bittersweetness, melancholia and all of these pertinent emotions, yet until I have been alive for long enough I will never understand them in the context of aging and of being old. Wisdom is simply having lived, and I haven’t lived for all that long. That being said, there are now years of my “adult” life behind me, sentient years, years since the beginning of my life ended— enough time to realize that my mind doesn’t age. It matures, sure, but it doesn’t age; not like my body does. Though I can’t be certain, it is my best guess that my mind/spirit/ inner-voice/self/whatever the hell is going on in here will continue not to age—that my metaphysical self will always be roughly the same as it is right now. As an old man, I will still be me, this kid who has no idea what’s going on just trying to make things matter for himself. That means one day, the me of the present will be staring death in the face. I wonder how I’ll feel. But it isn’t just me; this is how it is with everyone. Every elderly person is just a young person whose body has aged around them. Everyone who is in charge, those who I looked up to when I was a kid, and those who, even until recently, I assumed had things at least somewhat figured out— parents, teachers, celebrities and public figures—they’re all exactly as un-magical as I am. They are not gods. They don’t have access to the “answers” I feel like I’m searching for as I age. In my childhood, I subconsciously deified these people. This deification is what separates childhood from adulthood. I now recognize the omnipresent sense of security I felt as a kid in knowing that adults were in charge for a reason, without ever knowing—or caring, for that matter—why. That’s why I look back with such fondness. There was nothing to worry about then. All the systems of the world—education, politics, consumption of entertainment—
were ingrained within me long before I reached an age where I could question them, and now that I am at an age where I question them, I am far too used to this life to challenge it. What I have discovered is that so many of these systems, these societal routines in which I willingly participate, are as nonexistent as the gods of childhood. There is no one in control behind the scenes; with that realization, it becomes disturbingly absurd how much time I spend in service of systems like social norms, law, and religion among others. While they seem so natural and important on a day to day basis, every now and then I become aware of just how confusingly and arbitrarily pervasive they all are. Despite how they are typically understood, in reality they are not necessary or intrinsic to living. They are relatively nonexistent. When I say nonexistent, I mean that every facet of every one of these systems was devised and implemented by someone— young or old, thoughtful or ignorant. Someone who lived a childhood and grew out of it—someone with wisdom maybe, but more importantly, someone who wasn’t old. Because no one is old on the inside. Every idea, every piece of legislation, every invention, every work of art was envisioned and created by someone like me: a person, not a god, not God. All created by me-like beings, and that’s all there is. I live every day for deified systems that only have meaning because I was taught to give them meaning in my childhood. This meaning is only really ever examined or struck down in a brief moment of objectivity, under the influence of a shortwinded epiphany or a psychedelic. It’s scary to realize that I will never find the “answer” to these problems. I will age and unavoidably grow wiser, as we all must, but I won’t age, at least not in the way I used to think I would. When I have no more time to question the existence of some greater purpose, I will certainly be no closer to finding out if there is one—it’ll still be me behind those weary eyes and wrinkles. A kid with no answers, trying to make things matter for himself. A father perhaps, a grandfather even, but still just the son from way back when. It seems kind of hopeless now, and there is so much work to be done to find meaning for myself out of this life. I know how I feel now. I can only wonder how I’ll feel at the end. The battle now is to figure out if it’s really possible to make things mean something. David Foster Wallace said, “You get to consciously decide what has meaning and what doesn’t. You get to decide.” But he killed himself three years later. I’m left wondering why he couldn’t make it matter, and whether I will succeed in doing so. Someone asked me what my greatest fear is. I assumed they wanted a real answer. Spiders, probably.
Jason Beck is a Trinity sophomore. His column runs on alternate Tuesdays.
MONDAY, NOVEMBER 20, 2017 | 11
American addictions: Sugar and screen
etflix has that annoying feature where it will freeze whatever is playing to ask, “Are you still watching?” after auto-playing multiple episodes. My fellow Netflix addicts know how disruptive this is. Ten episodes into the final season of a show you started this morning after promising yourself you would only watch one—okay, two—episodes and then start your math
Camille Wilder COLUMNIST
homework, this is not helpful. What the f***, Netflix! Why would you remind me not only that I’m still watching, even after the all good characters got killed off, but prompt me to look up from my screen to see the mounds of laundry I haven’t done and textbooks I haven’t opened? Thankfully, this guilt can be solved with the click of a button. Screen unfrozen, our eyes can glue back to watching Meredith Grey slice open a body or Gene stuff his face while Louise plots to take over the world and Bob helplessly tries to control the chaos that is his family. Netflix is but one of the plethora of temptations available to us now. Everywhere we turn, there is something flashy or new or sugary to satisfy our need for instant gratification. One has only to walk for a minute across Duke’s campus to see a sea of students checking and rechecking their phones. One study shows that phones are destroying our attention spans, and based on the amount of times I checked my phone while writing this, I can believe it. These examples are just the beginning of what is becoming an “addictive society.” Marketing has taken on an almost evil nature in its current form. Open any website or app or any commercial building, and you will undoubtedly see bright, appealing ads distracting you from your work, begging you to buy or read or watch whatever is shown. Not only is marketing present everywhere, it is being designed to capture you on a different level. A new class of advertisers called neuromarketers use neuroscience to create ads that illicit emotional responses at familiarized products, similarl to an addiction. However, marketing would not be effective in addicting a population if the actual products advertised were not themselves addictive. Luckily, businesses have carefully crafted their wares to leave us craving more and more after the first sip, bite, or scroll. Many people have heard that sugar is addictive, so it comes as no surprise that we desire sugar like nothing else. Most people are also aware that caffeine is addictive and run to get their morning latte anyway. But businesses like fast food companies scientifically analyze their meals to ensure they are addictive, taking advantage of biological preferences for sugar, fat, salt, and high calorie foods. Every aspect of a fast food experience is designed
to get customers a fast, easy “high” that will be etched into their brain, so they want more of that particular food again. The obesity epidemic in America that is largely traced to fast food serves as evidence for the negative repercussions of addictive food. Another surprising result of excessive marketing is a new eating disorder called orthorexia nervosa. To contrast the addictive nature of unhealthy eating, healthy foods and behaviors can also be addictive, as seen with orthorexia. The condition is characterized by a destructive obsession with fitness and “clean eating,” as popularized with health food stores and social media. As seen through othrorexia, It is not just through substances that our addictive society promotes dependency, but also through addictive behaviors. If you have witnessed a parent wrestle their phone from the grasp of a screaming toddler, you may think the kid just is being a brat. In defense of budding phone dependents, science shows that technology is made to be incredibly addictive. Companies like Facebook and Snapchat gain more worth the more time users spend on them, so they are designed with this motivation in mind. Positive feedback loops with social validation through likes, autoplay features, and long pages of scrolling content keep users interested in technology to the point where they use apps and visit websites dozens of times per day. Internet Addiction Disorder (IAD) is not included in the DSM5 manual for psychological disorders, but the psychological community recognizes IAD to be a significant issue. Sadly, the length of my column does not allow me to fully explore the extent of addictive substances and behaviors fostered by our modern society—internet porn addiction, shopping addictions, slot machine addicts…the list goes on. While drug or alcohol addiction is devastating and requires incredible strength to overcome, one advantage the heroin addict possesses over a sugar or phone addict—let’s be real, this is most of us—is that they do not walk into any random public place and see heroin the way we see candy, iPhones, and screens everywhere. Heroin and other illicit substances are objectively more harmful drugs, but the seemingly innocent lollipops and iPads we hand to our children or consume ourselves do seem to cause negative effects in our daily lives. Do these addictive things allow us to feel in control of our diets, limit our technology use, or be as productive as we desire? We are Instagram cravers, slaves to Youtube autoplay, and sugar-frenzied Starbucks abusers. Enticing products and conducive environments form what is now an American society of addicts. So maybe consider whether your usage of acceptable, but addictive substances and behaviors is getting you where you want to be the next time you slurp down a soda during a “diet” or check your phone while “working.” Oh, wait! You just did. Camille Wilder is a Trinity first-year. Her column usually runs on alternate Thursdays.
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12 | MONDAY, NOVEMBER 20, 2017
COMPSCI FROM PAGE 1 Johnson began through long-winded email conversations over winter break, Johnson said. Johnson knew he enjoyed computer science and wanted to be a socially accountable person, so he gained an interest in computer science education. Multiple friends mentioned Zenke’s name as a potential research partner, so Johnson emailed him. Zenke, like Johnson, did not come to Duke interested in education but found the social justice aspect of computer science appealing. “I was into [computer science] more for the chance to teach people how great computer science is and how you can use it for anything you want,” Zenke said. At first, both students had many divergent ideas about possible projects that were too broad, Johnson explained. So, they started to research the subject of computer science education and representation.
Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons Mobile Citizens launched in September at Sherwood Githens Middle School, with 16 students.
“It is pretty well-known that computer science is the worst field in terms of representation across many different identity factors, especially gender and race, in all of [science, technology, engineering and mathematics’” Johnson said. “We noticed it was similar in our classrooms, and we started wondering—what is a good approach in getting people more excited about computer science, particularly those underrepresented in the classroom and in Durham?” The students said they researched programs that already exist in the community and looked to fill a gap in the type of computer science programs available. The point of Mobile Citizens Mobile Citizens works toward three main goals: access to quality computer science education, increasing self-efficacy through service-learning and student-centered learning. The program serves students in Title I schools from low-income neighborhoods, who are often underrepresented and not targeted for quality computer science education. Johnson explained that apps are an effective method for teaching computer science because they involve active learning. Additionally, they are tangible products that can be implemented and are relevant to kids’ lives. He also said that, currently, computer science education revolves around developing software. Therefore, Mobile Citizens is designed to show students that learning computer science is useful and applicable in many aspects of their lives. During the program, the students decide on the type of app they wish to create and use the online programming environment, App Lab from code.org, to develop their application. Johnson said the near-peer mentors are simply guides, while the students are the drivers of the course. “We want to make it more personal, ask the students what they’re interested in, and craft learning around their interests,” Johnson said. The types of apps students are making The kids that Zenke works with are creating an app called Chef-tastic, which is focused on helping community members make healthy choices through providing healthy recipes, tips on how to prepare food and related quizzes. They are hoping the app will provide a list of the best grocery stores with the healthiest food in the area. Johnson’s team is also developing an app called Survivalists, which provides information on which plants in
The Chronicle the woods are edible or poisonous, as well as fun facts about local plants and animals. Johnson explained that through service-learning, students can become more confident in themselves and in their abilities. “I think we’re trying to reinforce the idea that caring about your community and doing work in your community feels good, and hopefully that is a sustained thing,” Johnson said. Challenges Johnson and Zenke said they faced many hurdles while developing Mobile Citizens. For example, Zenke said that they were initially planning on implementing the program at Lowe’s Grove Middle School, but they had to switch schools due to enrollment issues. They also had logistical problems—such as finding transportation—and difficulty constructing the curriculum before knowing what to expect, Zenke explained. They emphasized that they were not able to create Mobile Citizens alone. They relied on help from an advisory board, faculty mentors—including Jeff Forbes, professor of the practice of computer science—and friends. Results Before each class, the students take a survey about how they view their abilities and confidence in computer science. At the beginning of the program, about 25 percent of students said they did not agree that they have the ability to learn computer science, Zenke said. Yet now, 100 percent of the students agree with the statement. Research also shows that a majority of the students now believe that they can make a significant contribution to their community through computer science concepts. Zenke and Johnson hope to expand Mobile Citizens to more middle schools in the Durham area and involve more mentors from Duke. They are also working to create a model to make their program implementable across the nation. “They have so many bright ideas, and if you just ask them questions about what they’re interested in and listen, they come up with some fascinating stuff and are willing to put the work in and create an app,” Johnson said. “I think we oftentimes underestimate kids and their ability to enact change, so it’s really cool to see them take the reins and go do it.”
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Published on Nov 20, 2017