LISKER TO TAKE LEGACY TO SMITH
DAVIDSON TOPS DUKE BASEBALL PAGE 5
The chronicle T H E I N D E P E N D E N T D A I LY AT D U K E U N I V E R S I T Y
XXXXXDAY, MMMM WEDNESDAY, MARCHXX, 26,2013 2014
New guidelines recommend the use of statins
ONE ONEHUNDRED HUNDREDAND ANDEIGHTH NINTH YEAR, YEAR, ISSUE ISSUE XXX 102
Veteran student enrollment surges over years
by Gautam Hathi
By Patricia Spears
new guidelines will recommend that approximately thirteen million more Americans use cholesterol-reducing drugs. issued by the American heart Association, the new study was the product of a collaboration between researchers at Duke, Boston University and Mcgill University. The study examined previously available health data to determine the impact of the new guidelines, and found that the new guidelines would encourage nearly half the U.S. population between the ages of 40 and 75 to consider taking statins, which help lower cholesterol levels. This increase in the number of people who should take statins will occur because, for the first time, the guidelines will make recommendations based on an individual’s overall risk factors for heart disease instead of just their current cholesterol levels. “When the new guidelines came out, many experts gave educated guesses about what the impact might be,” said Michael Pencina, the study’s lead author and director of biostatistics at the Duke clinical research institute. “We don’t need to be
The number of veteran students at Duke has increased significantly over the last few years, but some say their veteran identity has not differentiated them from other average Duke students. There are currently 241 veteran students at Duke, said Associate Dean of Students clay Adams—compared to 35 in 2009, as reported by Duke Today. The majority of veteran students are enrolled in the Fuqua School of Business, and there are significantly more veteran graduate students than undergraduates. Although veterans say they are well-supported at Duke, they do not feel that their experience is significantly different from that of other students. “We’re here as students just like everyone else,” said luis Spradley, a firstyear MBA/MPP candidate who served as a security officer in the Marine corps for four years. “it’s an honor to be able to attend a school like Duke with our peers.” Both Spradley and Paul escajadillo—
AMANDA BRUMWELL/THE CHRONICLE
See GuiDeliNes, page 12
Matti Gorodenchik, an Israel Fellow from UF, gave an hour-long Krav Maga lesson Tuesday afternoon.
See VeTeraNs, page 4
duke scientists identify antibodies in HiV immune response By Shangnon Fei The chronicle
A research team led by Duke scientists has identified a subclass of antibodies that could help find an effective hiV vaccine. The study—published in the March 19 issue of Science Translational Medicine journal—looked at two hiV vaccine trials. The first, VAX003, involved one vaccine and was ineffective, but the second, rV144, involved two vaccines taken in combination and was effective. researchers found the difference between the two trials by
specifying a subclass of antibodies linked to hiV elimination and decreased risk of infection in rV144 vaccines. identifying this subclass of antibodies, called igg3, could help develop future vaccines, as well as enhance current understanding of immune response as it relates to hiV risk and prevention, said senior author georgia Tomaras, associate director of research at the Duke human Vaccine institute. “This is important because it shows that the antibody represents an effective immune response against the virus,” Tomaras
said. “So now we have a possible biomarker for scoring potential vaccine candidates, as in, we can now say that if a medicine elicits the igg3 response, it may be engaging a protective immune response.” The rationale that spurred this study was that both protective and non-protective vaccine regimens can give important insight into specific immune responses that are able to block hiV acquisition, Tomaras said. The second vaccine in rV144 is a boost of VAX003. This combination vaccine
had an unprecedented 31.2 percent efficacy rate at preventing hiV infection at 42 months after vaccination—though too low a rate to expand the use of the vaccine. “So the question is—why does rV144 have this vaccine efficacy, especially compared to the VAX003 trial, because they are using very much the same immunogens, but just in a different immunization regiment?” said DVhi research Director Dr. hua-Xin liao. “As scientists, we want to find out what the differences are and how See HiV, page 4
2 | wednesday, March 26, 2014
Former Yale president to lead Lisker ferries history of women’s advocacy to Smith online platform Coursera by Emma Baccellieri The chronicle
When Donna Lisker leaves Duke to become dean of the college and vice president for campus life at Smith College this summer, she will continue to establish a legacy of encouraging female leadership. Lisker has spent 15 years at Duke, serving as director of the Women’s Center from 1999 to 2007 and associate vice provost for undergraduate education for the past seven years. She additionally works as co-director of the Baldwin Scholars, a female leadership program that she founded in 2004. Her role at Smith, an all-female liberal arts college in Northampton, Mass., will involve overseeing all aspects of student life. “I’m excited about the position,” she said. “It’s obviously bittersweet.... I have a lot of friends here and a lot of roots here. But that being said, the opportunity to take on a really senior leadership role at one of the preeminent women’s colleges in the country is hard for me to turn down.” The role of dean will allow Lisker to showcase a number of her strengths, combining her intellectual skills with her ability to connect with people, said Steve Nowicki, dean and vice provost for undergraduate education. Lisker noted that the breadth of her experiences at Duke has prepared her for the new role at Smith. “I’ve had the privilege—especially in this role of associate vice provost of undergraduate education—of getting involved in so many areas of campus life,” she said. “It’s not just the classroom, and it’s not just residential. I do things with athletics and alumni af-
fairs and development and admissions and financial aid, so I’ve gotten to do a little bit of everything.... That will really help me go to a place like Smith.” Nowicki praised Lisker’s leadership skills and personable disposition, noting that the impact she has made at Duke will last beyond her stay. “I was both delighted and depressed when Smith asked Donna to apply,” Nowicki said. “Delighted because it’s a great job for her and she’s great for the job, but depressed because she’s a really important person here at Duke and we’re really going to miss her.” Lisker cited her work with the Baldwin Scholars as a particular point of pride from her tenure at Duke, noting her confidence in the ability of the program’s associate directors—Colleen Scott and Ava Vinesett—to continue the initiative. At Smith, Lisker hopes to continue working to foster female leadership. She noted that though all student leadership roles at a women’s college are held by women, there is a distinction between holding a leadership position and making an impact as a leader. “One of my goals will be to really look critically at what would a women’s leadership effort look like at a place like Smith, with 2,500 strong female undergraduates,” she said. Smith President Kathleen McCartney noted her pleasure with the hire in a press release Monday. “I am very pleased to be bringing Donna Lisker to Smith,” McCartney said. “Her See lisker, page 12
Meet AwArd-winning nAture PhotogrAPher FeAtured in docuMentAry Chasing iCe
James Balog 2 PM sat., aPril 12
A reception and open house will follow the event in the new Duke environment hall (circuit Drive)
The selection of Richard Levin, Yale University’s former president, as chief executive officer of Coursera Inc. gives the online learning company the endorsement of a respected educator as questions mount about the future of open courses. Levin, 66, who has been advising Coursera since January, will become CEO in April, the Mountain View, Calif.based company, said Monday. Founded in 2012 by two Stanford University computer science professors, Coursera offers free courses from more than 100 universities, including Yale and Princeton. Providers of massive open online courses, or MOOCs, such as Coursera and EdX, Harvard University’s joint platform with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, have swiftly signed up colleges as well as students worldwide. At the same time, professors have questioned how they will be compensated and who owns the course content. While doubts are natural for any new venture, the opportunity to spread higher education to millions made the job attractive, Levin said. “I honestly didn’t expect to be doing this,” Levin said in a phone interview. “This just seemed too compelling an opportunity to resist. It so naturally followed my work as a university president.” Levin left New Haven, Conn.-based Yale in 2013 after 20 years as president and almost 44 years associated with the university. Under his presidency, Yale
increased its endowment to $20.8 billion, expanded overseas with a campus in Singapore and acquired a 136-acre health-care complex from Bayer AG. His lieutenants at Yale have gone on to run some of the world’s most prominent universities, including MIT, Oxford and Cambridge. Levin said he was an early backer of online education, and in 2000 Yale formed a partnership with Stanford and Oxford to provide courses to alumni on the Internet. “It was too early, the bandwidth wasn’t good enough to support interactivity and it didn’t really take,” he said. In 2007, Yale put 45 lecture courses online and in 2013, became a partner of for-profit Coursera. Levin said his goal now is to help expand Coursera, which said in July it raised $43 million in financing led by GSV Capital Corp. to double employees, develop mobile applications and bolster global growth. Having Levin at Coursera will help the company forge relationships with higher education institutions, co-founder Andrew Ng said in an interview. “We always take the position that we want to partner with universities,” Ng said. “Universities have the best content in the world. Having a former university president join us will only help us.” While hiring Levin is a “coup,” Ng said it wasn’t done to make a statement to MOOC skeptics. Part of Levin’s job will be increasing See coursera, page 3
Slow down. Take it easy.
Explore. Focus. Immerse.
photo by Jeff Orlowski/Extreme Ice Survey
2014 Duke LeAF™ AwArD recipient griFFith theAter bryAn center, Duke cAmpus
by Oliver Staley
Discover a diﬀerent Duke this summer.
Photo by Mary Cybulski
Free and oPen to the PubliC, but tiCkets to the leaF CereMony are required.
tickets.duke.edu • 919.684.4444
www.dukechronicle.com from page 2
revenue. now, the company makes money from students only when they sign up to receive a certificate, for which they are charged $50 to $100, levin said. “only a small fraction are taking up certificates, but we think over time that fraction could grow,” he said, adding the company was considering other ways of making money. The goal is for the majority of people who complete courses to pay for certificates and be able to use the credentials to find jobs, ng said. “one change we’re starting to see is the broader acceptance of Mooc credentials,” he said. “We’re starting to see employers request Moocs in job descriptions.” For the universities and professors offering Moocs, “the jury is still out,” said David chernoff, an astronomy professor at cornell University who is teaching a Mooc called “relativity and Astrophysics” via the edX platform. “everyone is in a guessing game right now, trying to figure out what works and what doesn’t work,” chernoff said. one thing that’s clear is “it’s a huge amount of time,” he said. “it’s much more time consuming than developing a class for normal semester meetings.” Moocs have drawn criticism for
wednesday, March 26, 2014 | 3
their low completion rates, and their difficulty in reaching poor students. Professors also have concerns about how they are paid. “like any new thing, there’s a wave of hype then there’s a wave of reaction,” levin said. Many of the people who enroll in classes are sampling them without any intention of finishing them, levin said. “Signing up to take the class is like applying to college,” he said. “The completion question is like the number of people who graduate from Yale, compared to the applicant rate.” coursera shares the money it makes from certificates with the universities, levin said, who then can compensate professors. At Yale, the money was divided according to the formula the university used for patent revenue, he said. A survey last year, written up in the journal nature found that most people taking free online courses worldwide are among the best-educated and wealthiest of the population, casting doubt on the idea that the classes will benefit the disadvantaged. For cornell, one of the motivations in joining edX was simply not to be left behind on a new innovation, chernoff said. “This will be an experiment, like a lot of things on the internet,” chernoff said. “We’ll just have to see.”
Got a sweet pic? Post it on Instagram or tweet it with #chronsnap. Best photos will appear in the paper next week.
EMMA LOEWE/THE CHRONICLE
Muhammad Habib, an Arabic professor in the Asian and Middle Eastern Studies department at Duke, led a calligraphy lesson in the Divinity School Tuesday as part of the Duke Islam Awareness Month.
(SP204 & SP303) (2 Credits)
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4 | wednesday, March 26, 2014
from page 1
we can take these observations and go further to improve vaccine design.” Upon comparison of the antigen binding between the two trials, the team found that the vaccine regimens had distinct binding profiles in a type of antibody known as immunoglobulin g, or igg. igg antibodies can be divided into multiple subclasses, and the researchers discovered a correlation between antiviral function and igg subclass three binding antibodies to a specific region on the hiV virus labeled V1V2, author nicole Yates wrote in an email. The team then demonstrated that the igg3 antibodies significantly correlated with decreased risk of hiV infection in a placebo controlled and blinded study of the rV144 vaccine. Additionally, the antibody may be either a correlate of hiV risk or might instead play a mechanistic role in protection against hiV infection. Further research is needed to assess which role igg3 plays, Tomaras said.
The Fannie Mitchell
from page 1
a first-year MBA student at Fuqua who served seven years in the U.S. Army’s Special operations command—said they were drawn to Duke because of the community atmosphere, as well as the opportunity for leadership. “The community aspect of Duke as a whole really led me to come here,” said Spradley, who is co-president of the Duke Armed Forces Association. escajadillo said that although he feels well represented in the “Fuqua bubble,” his position as Fuqua representative to the graduate and Professional Student council lead him to realize that not all students share his experience. “i look at the number of 241 [enrolled veterans]…. i do feel that we’re underrepresented in Duke as a whole,” he said. of the 241 enrolled veterans, two are undergraduate students, and 79 are first-year students in either the graduate or undergraduate schools, Adams said.
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The chronicle Adams further noted that the information on veteran enrollment might not be accurate, as some veterans choose not to be identified. Veterans can self-identify during the application process or by utilizing federal benefits, including the Post-9/11 gi Bill, Montgomery gi Bill or Yellow ribbon Program. “Between the gi Bill and Yellow ribbon, i don’t have to pay tuition,” Spradley said. Veterans may have a set of unique experiences upon entering graduate school, but Spradley said that it gives them a different perspective in the same way that people of all backgrounds bring new ideas. “A veteran is a label, and i think what people should be able to do is look beyond that,” escajadillo added. “We’re human beings, we have different personalities, different dreams and by putting on the label ‘veteran,’ and trying to put us into one mass, i think you do us a disservice.” Duke is well-positioned to attract even more veterans over the next few years as ground forces are brought back to the United States, escajadillo said. Spradley noted that Fuqua might attract more veterans because of the nature of the program and its emphasis on consequential leadership, which he says is important to many veterans. he added Duke can attract a higher caliber of veterans because of the extensive financial aid offered. The University also supports its veterans through five different affinity-based organizations, listserv communication and networking. escajadillo, who serves on the Veterans Advisory committee, is spearheading an initiative to allow veterans from all graduate schools and Trinity college to enter a raffle to win a gift card intended for textbook purchase. The program had been successful at his alma mater, San Diego State University, in assisting veterans, active duty military and military spouses in paying for dues not covered by traditional scholarships. escajadillo said that he felt supported at Fuqua, particularly in terms of future employment and networking opportunities. he said that every veteran in the business school has an internship in place for the summer, and all graduating Fuqua veterans are secure in their employment for next year. Spradley said the strong veteran network within Fuqua could be improved by expanding to the other graduate and professional schools. “There may be someone in another graduate school who would be able to benefit from that net or we would be able to benefit from connecting with them,” Spradley said. escajadillo noted that all students stand to gain from the presence of veterans on campus. “reaching out to a veteran, if there’s one in your class—that will be an incredible experience for anyone,” he said.
the blue zone
COVERAGE OF DUKE PRO DAY sports.chronicleblogs.com www.dukechroniclesports.com
wEDnEsDAY, mARCh 26, 2014
wednesday, March 26, 2014 | 5
Blue Devils fall to Davidson
by Sammy Solomon The ChroniCle
Capitalizing on scoring opportunities continues to be a problem for Duke. in a pitcher’s duel, the Blue Devils came up short Tuesday night, falling 3-2 to Davidson at WilDUKE 2 son Field. Duke was 3 held to just six hits DAV on the night against six different Wildcat pitchers and has now lost four straight games. After leaving 36 teammates on base during last weekend’s three-game sweep at the hands of Pittsburgh, the Blue Devils struggled once again to get a key hit with runners in scoring position Tuesday night, stranding nine runners on the basepaths. “if you get opportunities to play for a big inning—you get an opportunity with multiple guys on base, you’ve got to be able to take advantage of it,” Duke head coach Chris Pollard said. Duke jumped out to an early lead as leadoff hitter Mark lumpa got on with a single—extending his on-base streak to 13 games—and gave the Blue Devils a 1-0 edge when redshirt junior outfielder Chris Marconcini brought him home with a sacrifice fly. The rBi was Marconcini’s 28th of the campaign, which leads the ACC. Freshman Karl Blum started on the mound for the Blue Devils (14-12), shutting down the Wildcats in the first. The right-hander’s stint was a short one, though, as he ran into trouble in the bottom of the second inning. The first two
sports Jesús hidalgo/ChroniCle file photo
Mike Rosenfeld notched an RBI single, but it was not enough for his Blue Devils to steal a road victory against Davidson. batters singled for Davidson (14-7), bringing Pollard out of the dugout to replace Blum with Kevin lewallyn. The southpaw surrendered an rBi groundout, a walk and a double as Davidson grabbed a 2-1 advantage. The Blue Devils mounted a scoring threat
of their own in the top of third. lumpa drew a leadoff walk and came around to score his second run of the game on a Mike rosenfeld single, tying the game at two. Duke continued to put pressure on the Wildcat pitching staff, loading the bases, but Davidson was able to escape the jam with the help
of a double play. Davidson countered in the bottom of the fourth, when Ty Middlebrooks brought home Ben Arkin with a single, giving the Wildcats a 3-2 lead. it was a lead Davidson would not relinquish. Duke’s best chances to mount a comeback were in the sixth and ninth innings. Aaron Cohn started a two-out rally for the Blue Devils in the sixth by blasting his second double of the game. After Kenny Koplove reached on a Davidson error, Duke had runners at the corners, but couldn’t take advantage of the Wildcat miscue. With their backs against the wall, the Blue Devils set up one more opportunity to get back in the game in the ninth. Cohn led off with a walk, but was erased on Koplove’s sacrifice bunt attempt. lumpa reached on another Davidson error with two outs, but Wildcat closer Michael Goldberg sealed the deal with a strikeout. Pollard said he was pleased with his team’s performance on the mound against a tough Wildcat lineup. The Blue Devils sent five different pitchers to the rubber Tuesday, accumulating six strikeouts and allowing nine hits. “We pitched very well against a team who’s been very good this season, probably the best team we’ve played so far offensively,” Pollard said. “To hold them to one run over the final six innings of the ballgame was a terrific job.” The Blue Devils will return home to Jack Coombs Stadium Friday night to begin a three-game weekend series with crosstown rival north Carolina.
trAck And fieLd
Duke goes for 8 straight Blue Devils ready for relays by Helen Liljenwall The ChroniCle
Duke will take a quick break from ACC play by squaring off against another familiar and challenging foe. looking for their eighth straight win, the top-ranked Blue Devils will face no. 9 northwestern WednesNo. 9 day. The Wildcats Northwestern will enter the convs. test fresh off a loss No. 1 to no. 10 north Duke Carolina Tuesday and will make a WEDNESDAY, 2 p.m. stop at the ShefAmbler Tennis Stadium field indoor Tennis center at 2 p.m. on their road trip through the Tar heel state. “We always have a good match with [northwestern],” head coach Jamie Ashworth said. “They compete really well and are very well-coached. They don’t give you a lot of free points, so we are definitely looking forward to it.” Although the Blue Devils and northwestern do not compete in conference play, there
is definitely a level of familiarity between the two teams. Duke has squared off with the Wildcats every year since 2002 and has not lost to northwestern since 2009. The Blue Devils (15-1) boast three ranked singles players and are led by sophomore Beatrice Capra, ranked no. 5 in the country. Junior ester Goldfeld and senior hanna Mar— ranked 24th and 31st, respectively—will hold down the second and third singles positions for Duke. northwestern’s highest-ranked singles player is no. 36 Belinda niu. The Wildcats (94) have two other players ranked nationally in the top 125. one of the keys for Duke will be its doubles play. The Blue Devils have lost the doubles point just once this season and have captured the doubles point in each of their past six matches. Duke has showcased its versatility throughout doubles play this season. Despite playing just three doubles matches per contest, the Blue Devils boast five See w. tennis, page 9
by Ali Wells The ChroniCle
With the upcoming Texas relays and raleigh relays, top performers Curtis Beach and Megan Clark have not had a weekend off between the nCAA indoor Championships and the start of the outdoor season. Duke will split up the team for this week’s competition, sending half its athletes to Austin, Texas for four days and competing with the other half in raleigh. After earning his second national title in the men’s heptathlon at the nCAA indoor Championships, Beach competed last weekend at the Carolina relays in the discus event, preparing for his first decathlon of the season Wednesday and Thursday. Three of his teammates— Clark, elizabeth Kerpon and Karli Johonnot—will also see their third consecutive weekend of competition. “it’s a short turnaround, but they’re in a good place,” director of track and field norm ogilvie said. “They want to
stay sharp and ready to go.” Beach won the decathlon at the Texas relays last year, tallying 8,011 points in the competition’s 10 events. The redshirt senior will face Johannes hock of Texas, the defending national champion in the event. This weekend’s competition could provide beach with his stiffest test before the ACC Championships, which are less than a month away. “You can’t do a multi event every weekend, so they kind of have to do one now to recover for ACCs,” ogilvie said. Clark thrived on the short turnaround between indoor and outdoor season last weekend, recording the highest collegiate clearance in the nation this season in the pole vault of 14 feet, 7 1/4 inches. Following her performance, Clark was named ACC Performer of the Week and national Athlete of the Week Monday by the United States Track and Field and Cross Country Coaches Association. Kerpon, a Copell, Texas native, will return to the meet she has competed in See track and field, page 9
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track and field from page 5
philip catterall/The ChroniCle
Sophomore Beatrice Capra—ranked No. 6 in the nation—will lead the Blue Devils into a midweek showdown with Northwestern.
Turning up the heat in practice could help Duke stay fresh after a few days off from match play. Taking on a Northwestern team that played a match just the night before, Ashworth said that the difference in recovery time has the ability to help or hurt his team. “You can go both ways,” he said. “You can look at it like they don’t get a day of rest but also if they play well they come in with momentum. We know they play today, but that is not something that is concerning to us in either way.” Entering the home stretch of its schedule, Duke’s match against Northwestern could be the team’s last against a top-10 opponent before next month’s ACC tournament. “It is definitely one of the tougher matches of what is left of our schedule and it is another opportunity for us to kind of prove how good of a team we can be,” Ashworth said. “It is just going to be a great match for both programs.”
from page 5
nationally-ranked doubles pairings. “Northwestern has really good doubles, and we are just talking about how we need to be really clean with our doubles and not throw points away and be really clean with our decision making,” Ashworth said. “That is something these last couple days we have been stressing and trying to work on.” After a 6-0 shutout victory against Florida State Sunday, Duke did not have to spend time at practice this week correcting mistakes. Instead, the Blue Devils were able to focus on their next opponent. “We just try to put ourselves in competitive situations and figure out different ways to put pressure on ourselves in practice, so we can practice like we would play a match,” Ashsudoku_414B worth said.
since high school. After competing in the distance medley relay at the NCAA Indoor Championships, the junior will race in front of her family and old coaches in Duke’s 4-x-100, 4-x-200 and 4-x-400 relays. The Texas Relays meet has drawn strong competition for both collegiate and professional athletes. Notable qualifiers include Jeremy Wariner and Wallace Spearman, both World Championship medalists. “The outdoor season gets going in a very real way this weekend,” Ogilvie said. “It’s a very large meet. The rest of the country sends their top athletes there. We are going to get our best competition.”
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6 7 1 3 2 4 9 8 5 5 2 9 1 6 8 4 3 7 The Chronicle Just your average Tuesday night: 8 4 3 5 9 7 1 6 2 Post-all-nighter hangover: ������������������������������������������������������� duranddurand Bran: ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������Mr� Teeth 3 6 8 7 4 9 5 2 1 Hodor: ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������Magicarp Slept through the whole thing: ������������������������������������������������������chowchow 9 5 4 8 1 2 6 7 3 Played doctor: ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������esu Survived their first crisis: �������������������������������������������� nickatnite, privateryan Let her Ohio show through: ����������������������������������������������������� 2 1 7 6 5 3 bacceslovethis 8 4 9 Contributed nothing: ������������������������������������������������������������������������� Mr� Jorts Barb Starbuck actually had an average Tuesday night: ��������������������������Barb 1 8 2 9 3 6 7 5 4 Student Advertising Manager: ��������������������������������������������������James Sinclair Account Representatives: 7 ������������������������������ 3 5 4 Jennifer 8 Bahadur, 1 2Peter Chapin, 9 6 Courtney Clower, Alyssa Coughenour, Rachel Kiner, Tyler Deane-Krantz, Chris Geary, Liz Lash, Hannah Long, Parker Masselink, Nic Meiring, 4 Paskas, 9 Nick 6 Philip, 2 Cliff7Simmons, 5 Lexy 3 Steinhilber 1 8 Brian
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ACROSS 1 Crumples (up) 5 Word of comparison 9 Destroy, as hopes 13 Drop 14 Relatives of Yodels 16 Object of ancient Egyptian veneration 17 Work written between “Typee” and “Mardi” 18 “Maria ___,” 1941 #1 hit 19 Vivacious 20 Overly bold member of the “Little Women” family? 23 Salinger’s “For ___ – With Love and Squalor” 24 Granola bar ingredients 26 “No seats left,” in short
29 Result of bankruptcy? 34 “Hungry hungry” game creatures 36 Schlep 37 Siouan tribe 38 Turn away 39 See 11-Down 40 Jewish deli offering 41 Thinker Descartes 42 Intellectual range 43 Nod’s meaning, maybe 44 What blood donors do? 47 “___ fancy you consult, consult your purse”: Franklin 48 Some summer wine 49 Dueling implement 51 Motivational words for a boss at layoff time?
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For Release Wednesday, March 26, 2014
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The Blue Devils also hope to find better weather as the outdoor season gets under way, but the athletes competing in Texas might find rain and thunderstorms in addition to warmer temperatures. These conditions may play a factor in Duke’s success Wednesday and Thursday. For the Blue Devils remaining local, competition at the Raleigh Relays will begin Friday morning, and weather conditions could be equally wet. “In the field events, the weather is even more crucial,” Ogilvie said. “For runners, obviously you don’t want it to be slippery and cold, but you can still soldier on even if it is wet and miserable. For the field events, you might be doomed to failure if it is wet and miserable.”
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Edited by Will Shortz
57 “___ that 1 2 3 4 5 sweet?” 60 Part of LED TGIF 13 14 61 One might run Lion or Leopard 17 18 62 Squeakers 20 21 63 Bob of “Full House” 23 64 Metaphor for Recess ~ today! punishment 26 27 28 29 65 Spur 66 Actor Coleman or 34 35 Oldman 38 67 World’s fair
DOWN 1 Pound sound 2 What might go on a belt 3 Parisian house of design 4 Vermont winter destination 5 Lunchbox accessory 6 Variety of poker 7 “Pardon the interruption …” 8 Singer Hendryx ANSWER TO PREVIOUS PUZZLE 9 “Oy” or “ow” A T O Z B A R B G O N E R 10 Japanese P.M. Shinzo ___ C O D Y B B O Y O R O N O I D I G C H A T T E R B O X 11 With 39-Across and 58-Down, D O N O W O N E R S E R I response to a T E A R I S I T M E military command H A K E E M E X G O V 12 F.D.R.’s third veep I C I A M I D F O N D U 15 Tahitian garb G A R M E N T D I S T R I C T 21 Fancy necktie H I K E S G E N L S O N 22 Archipelago constituent, I C I E R U R S I N E maybe P I A N O S L E A H O R K R E U S E J O H N Q 25 Much of “The Daily Show” and K A R A T E C H O P L U A U “The Colbert E N O T E L E N O O M N I Report” D I N E D A L E X M E A N 26 Quick 27 “Cry me a ___” The first letters of the answers to the 13 italicized clues proceed from A to M; the last 28 First game of the season letters proceed backward from Z to N. 30 Joint assemblies
Sportswrap ~ today!
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PUZZLE BY MICHAEL DEWEY
31 Vienna’s land: Abbr. 32 Schlemiel 33 Titter 35 Like much media mail 39 “And ___ it moves” (what Galileo allegedly said in reference to the earth)
53 What might get you through a quiet stretch? 42 Works, as dough 54 Kind of screen 55 Potential flu 43 Ungodly display symptom 45 Suffix with many 56 Effect of a yodel, country names perhaps 46 Kindle or Nook 57 Rapscallion 50 I.R.S. submission 58 See 11-Down 52 TV meas. 59 Sgt., e.g. 40 Casey of “American Top 40”
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T h e i n d e p e n d e n T d a i ly aT d u k e u n i v e r s i T y
informing or advertising? Perhaps, amid agonizing over the NCAA tournament that has ruined almost every bracket, you have seen a television spot with LeBron James, or Magic Johnson or even Duke’s own Shane Battier, endorsing the Affordable Care Act. Recently, the White House has made a concerted push to increase the paltry number of enrollees in the government-backed health care plan. By basic measures, the timely, March Madnessthemed advertising campaign has succeeded in grabbing the attention of the young Americans whose enrollment is desperately needed to render the law a success. Indeed, multimedia marketing, coupled with affirmations from healthy athletic personas, is a proven marketing strategy. Watch any mainstream television channel during a commercial break and find yourself immersed in a montage of compelling, glamorous and edgy product promotions, often starring familiar public faces. It is no secret that millenials respond very well to multimedia advertising. But one must ask the question: should the U.S. government be employing the same techniques to convince Americans to enroll in the new health care program as advertisers? Despite the divisive process by which the bill was passed through Congress and
then upheld, again controversially, by the nation’s high court, the law is valid, and the White House has a compelling interest to see to its implementation. Advertising works and, after all, is already used in numerous aspects of the political process. Still, questions about the nature of the
Editorial ACA advertisements—their tone, intentions and informativeness—remain. Advertising is a legitimate means of seeking the attention of potential consumers and informing them about the benefits of a product. But, for private companies, the ultimate goal of marketing is sales. Government-funded ad campaigns, on the other hand, should prioritize distributing accurate and transparent information. Mixing marketing tactics with public announcements teeters on the line between the benign dissemination of information and persuasive propaganda. That is not to say that the ACA ads are sketchy. By and large, they seem to be encouragingly informative. They remind young Americans that an active life poses a constant risk of
The education system shouldn’t discriminate against children who don’t know anything else besides what it means to live in America; they have been here for the majority if not all of their lives.
The Chronicle welcomes submissions in the form of letters to the editor or guest columns. Submissions must include the author’s name, signature, department or class, and for purposes of identification, phone number and local address. Letters should not exceed 325 words; contact the editorial department for information regarding guest columns. The Chronicle will not publish anonymous or form letters or letters that are promotional in nature. The Chronicle reserves the right to edit letters and guest columns for length, clarity and style and the right to withhold letters based on the discretion of the editorial page editor.
ussia’s annexation of Crimea represents a dangerous turn in the history of post-Soviet relations. The occupation of a peninsula more than half a world away may seem insignificant to many Americans who are concerned more with economic recovery closer to home. What does it matter if the territorial integrity of the Ukraine is respected? Further-
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—“Deanna” commenting on the article “AccessDuke petitions Uni for undocumented student
injury, which can be quite costly without health insurance, and that the government will provide health insurance to those who register in the next five days. To this end, the ads are helpful public information announcements. They are not, however, without drawbacks. The advertisements offer an oversimplified depiction of health care, the ACA and the political process by which the ACA was ratified. One cannot expect the ads to cover the minutest details of the bill, but enrolling in health insurance may not be advantageous for every healthy young American; in fact, for some, it is certainly not in their best interests to register. The stature of the U.S. government enables it to capture viewers in ways that messages from everyday private companies cannot. Accordingly, the government has an obligation to construct its advertisements with deliberate precision toward a publicly legitimate goal. It seems to have done so here, but by an unclear margin. As viewers, it can be difficult to extract political motive from any government message. The White House worked intently to pass this legislation, and it wants to witness its success. Public information announcements should suffice, leaving the bill to flourish on its own merits.
The price of acquiescence
The Chronicle chronicle
10 | wednesday, March 26, 2014
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Danielle Muoio, Editor Sophia DuranD, Managing Editor raiSa chowDhury, News Editor Daniel carp, Sports Editor elySia Su, Photography Editor Scott briggS, Editorial Page Editor caSey williaMS, Editorial Board Chair jiM poSen, Director of Online Development kelly Scurry, Managing Editor for Online chriSSy beck, General Manager eMMa baccellieri, University Editor carleigh StiehM, University Editor elizabeth DjiniS, Local & National Editor georgia parke, Local & National Editor anthony hagouel, Health & Science Editor tony Shan, Health & Science Editor julia May, News Photography Editor eric lin, Sports Photography Editor kelSey hopkinS, Design Editor rita lo, Design Editor lauren feilich, Recess Editor jaMie keSSler, Recess Managing Editor eliza bray, Recess Photography Editor thanh-ha nguyen, Online Photo Editor MouSa alShanteer, Editorial Page Managing Editor Matt pun, Sports Managing Editor aShley Mooney, Towerview Editor caitlin MoyleS, Towerview Editor jennie Xu, Towerview Photography Editor Dillon patel, Towerview Creative Director kriStie kiM, Social Media Editor julian Spector, Special Projects Editor lauren carroll, Senior Editor Derek Saffe, Multimedia Editor anDrew luo, News Blog Editor anna koelSch, Special Projects Editor for Online glenn rivkeeS, Director of Online Operations yeShwanth kanDiMalla, Recruitment Chair julia May, Recruitment Chair Mary weaver, Operations Manager rebecca DickenSon, Advertising Director Megan Mcginity, Digital Sales Manager barbara Starbuck, Creative Director the chronicle is published by the Duke Student publishing company, inc., a non-profit corporation independent of Duke university. the opinions expressed in this newspaper are not necessarily those of Duke university, its students, faculty, staff, administration or trustees. unsigned editorials represent the majority view of the editorial board. columns, letters and cartoons represent the views of the authors. to reach the editorial office at 301 flowers building, call 684-2663 or fax 684-4696. to reach the business office at 2022 campus Drive call 684-3811. to reach the advertising office at 2022 campus Drive call 684-3811 @ 2014 Duke Student publishing company
annexation, but they might impact Putin’s decision calculus in the coming months. Germany, as one of Russia’s largest gas importers, could fiscally impact Moscow’s bottom line in a way that few other states can. NATO officers warned Sunday that Russian war games on the Ukrainian border seemed eerily similar to preparations for invasion. Tougher sanctions might
the view from carr
more, there seems to be a legitimate argument for the integration of the peninsula with Russia. Over 50 percent of the population is ethnically Russian and seems to favor succession. Certainly, if we value the principle of self-determination, then the referendum initiated last Sunday should hold some weight regardless of its origin. Yet, what is happening on the shores of the Black Sea and in the Kremlin is anemic to American interests and the safety of the free world. The Crimea annexation matters because it establishes a dangerous precedent amongst nuclear states that foreign intervention is a legitimate response to disputes between neighbors. It encourages countries to view force as the final arbiter of difference when negotiation and rule of law should instead have the final say. How should China, India and Pakistan view the ongoing series of events in Crimea? China certainly could see justification for aggressively resolving the ongoing dispute over the Diaoyu/Senkaku islands with Japan. Likewise, India and Pakistan could well see a reason for finally resolving the crisis in the Kashmir through force. International law is far from perfect, but it stands as a bulwark against the aggressive fancy of potential warmongers. A referendum in Crimea could have been legitimate, but no vote is valid when it is coerced through the barrel of a gun. Russian troops initiated the vote’s occurrence and guaranteed its success, and this is where the trouble arises. Global acquiescence to Putin’s land grab threatens the stability of the world system and needs to be met with equal measure. The significance of Crimea comes not from the loss of the land itself, which, according to some commentators, actually costs the Ukraine money, but what the seizure of the terrain means for the global community. The United States and the European Union need to make their commitment to the territorial rights of the Ukraine clear by doing three things: 1. Tougher sanctions. The sanctions enacted by the global community are hardly significant enough to cause Russia to rethink its decision, and this is the first place where the Kremlin can be squeezed further. It’s fantasy to imagine that sanctions will reverse this forced
convince Putin that further armed aggression is unlikely to win him any friends. 2. The United States and other European powers should move to censure Russia in the United Nations. Russia’s seat on the Security Council would prevent any action from that organ of the UN, but the General Assembly could still be utilized to express global displeasure. Worldwide criticism of Russia’s action would underscore the country’s isolation. This would help counteract the narrative of Crimean liberation that Putin has been espousing and put him firmly in the wrong. 3. Real military aid to Ukraine. The interim Ukrainian government has requested military aid from the United States but has been only provided with army rations. While food is important, more substantive steps should be taken to supply those on the front lines of Russian militarism. There is, however, growing bi-partisan support in the Senate for equipping the Ukrainian army with more than just food. This is a necessary step in deterring further Russian hostility in the region and ensuring the safety of the Ukrainian people. Small arms, communication and logistical support should all be made available to the Ukrainian army. This would send a clear message to Putin that actual material support is behind Western rhetoric. The sum of these actions would signal a clear message to Russia and the world about Western intentions in Crimea. Armed aggression between states cannot stand for accepted behavior for the resolution of conflict. While these actions seek to isolate and weaken Putin’s hold on power, the avenue for recourse with the West must remain open. The Russian people must be told that American and European actions are not directed at them but the whims of their quasi-dictator. It is a tragedy that relations between Russia and the United States have again reached this low, but we cannot stand idly by and watch as force again becomes the mark of diplomacy in international affairs. Colin Scott is a Trinity senior. His column runs every other Wednesday.
The Chronicle chronicle
No complain campaign
F--- I’VE HAD THE ABSOLUTE WORST DAY. First, I spilled coffee on myself during the most boring economics lecture of my life. Then, I found out I got a f---ing B on my midterm. To top it all off, I just saw my Saturday Shooter’s hookup from across the Quad, and he gave me the weirdest look ever. And he still hasn’t texted me! I hate him, and everyone, and I want to die. Seriously, what is my life?!” (OK, I’ll shut up now.) So I complain a lot. I complain about
trust a little more, try a little less
here were too many of us crowded around the table in that small little room. Chairs were crammed side-byside, so close that there was barely any space to breathe. The professor made it known on the first day that he wanted our class to be 10 or 15 in all, not over 20. He was right. We met in a tiny room in the Allen Building for one of those long once-a-week super-classes. It was the second semester of my junior year, and I came back to Duke after spending the Fall semester abroad feeling restless. Time was “running out”
such is life
boredom, busyness, boys, b----es, booze, buffoonery and everything in between. Mainly, I complain to my friends, and my friends complain to me. I complain to entertain, to bond, to vent, to self-pity, to sympathize and because, sometimes, I just like the sound of my own (whiny) voice. My complaining occurs at least every day but usually more. The problem is that 99 percent of my complaints are not real problems at all. The other problem is that overcomplaining is not unique to me. Dear Dukies (and everyone else), you too are culpable. We all complain way too much. And here’s why: 1. You don’t even realize you’re complaining. We often disguise complaints as different behavior, such as: a. Observing. As in, “Ugh! It is so hot in my room. With tuition this expensive, why doesn’t Crowell have air conditioning?” (The air you just wasted yapping made it even hotter.) b. Gossiping. As in, “OMG you know her? What a b----! My cousin’s neighbor was in her sorority, and apparently she was a complete mess at formal last year, if you know what I mean.” (Thank you for sharing that information, that was so nice of you!) c. Socializing. As in, misery loves company. But does it? “This weather is disgusting. Great, now we can both sulk about it.” (Ah, the beginning of a beautiful friendship.) d. Making excuses. As in, you were 20 minutes late to your 10:05. But you overslept because you were so hungover! And you forgot to take your meds! And you had to wait forever for the C-1! And E-print was down! (Because taking responsibility for your actions is obviously never the answer.) 2. Life isn’t fair. S--- happens! Sometimes, you just can’t help it when your car breaks down or someone steals your iPhone or your flight gets cancelled. All of this stuff really sucks, but does complaining make it any better? Of course not. And here’s why we need to stop it: 1. Nobody likes a pessimist.
Complaining spreads your negativity to others. For example, last month I was shoe shopping and found the most beautiful pair of boots that were too small for me. I then went home and b---ed to my friend about how much I hate my “freakishly giant flipper feet.” This friend actually has bigger feet than I do. Not only did my complaints remind her of her shoe size, they made her selfconscious and annoyed. Not good! 2. It makes you unappreciative. It’s easy to forget how lucky we
wednesday, March 26, 2014 | 11
Dukies are when we let silly things disrupt our lives. I actually experienced a moment like this today, when I pitied myself for having a cold, an aboveaverage amount of homework and none of my favorite snacks at my disposal. In an attempt to distract myself from this misery, I went poking around on Twitter. I then discovered a mob of horrific news headlines that made me disgusted and ashamed. Sure, I can’t stop coughing and am nostalgic of the days when I could breathe out of both nostrils, but did I lose anyone to the mudslides in Washington? Or flight MH370? Do I live in a warzone? No. Thanks, reality check. Suddenly, today isn’t looking so bad. 3. It’s a huge waste of time. When is complaining ever productive? Never. For instance, I’ve lost my wallet and/or credit cards more times than I can count. Each time, it leads to an inevitable freakout, screaming, b----fest. Does crying about my idiocy magically return my lost goods? No. Instead of wasting time lamenting, what anyone in this situation should do is call their bank ASAP to ensure some creeper isn’t out there charging Apple products and adult DVDs to their account. So, Dukies, I understand that this entire column is basically me complaining about complaining. Counterproductive? Maybe. My point is, though, that we could all gain a lot from being a lot less pessimistic. Here’s an idea: Instead of using the s---ty weather or your boring professor as a conversation starter, why not talk about something positive? Compliment someone! Apologize for being late! Appreciate your life! Because, even though you may be having what feels like the absolute suckiest day ever, chances are it could always be a lot worse.
for me to learn how to be a writer. While I was abroad, one of the essays I submitted to the popular millennial blog, Thought Catalog, had been miraculously picked from the bottomless slush pile. Getting published and seeing my work in “print” up there on the site was thrilling. It was a feeling that escapes words, as ironic as that may sound. The only trouble was that all I wanted to do now was write. I heard about this professor’s writing course from some of my friends in Madrid, but, after registration, I ended up number two on the waitlist. I begged the professor to let me enroll, and, in utter desperation, I sent him nearly all of the writing samples I could dig up from my then paucity of online writings. Eventually, reluctantly, he gave me a permission number to the class. I ended up having a difficult time that semester. Everything I wrote was unfocused and plot-less with frilly language that seemed to be driven more by my trying to prove that I could write rather than actually writing a compelling piece of autobiographical fiction. One of the few times that I workshopped a piece I wrote in class, he looked up from the papers scattered in front of him and, in an exasperated voice, pointed to certain phrases and descriptions that were too writer-ly and overly ornate. Then he cleared his throat and from across the table said in a straightforward no-nonsense way, “Explain to me why I should even read this? It’s disconnected, no story arc. There’s no narrative. The problem isn’t with the language…” A few weeks later, during one of our tangential, off-topic class discussions, the Steubenville case came up. Someone muttered an insensitive comment reducing the incident to a mistake in leaving behind traces of evidence on social media rather than the crime and the assault itself. I raised my hand and said, “I don’t think that is the takeaway from Steubenville…” It was enough to start an entirely different conversation, and we quickly devolved into a heated debate about the trial and the topic of rape culture. I felt terrible for causing the disruption. I thought maybe I was too sensitive. Maybe I should have just kept my mouth shut and let it go. Choose your battles, as they say.
Chelsea Sawicki is a Trinity senior. Her column is part of the weekly Socialites feature and runs every other Wednesday. Send Chelsea a message on Twitter @ ChelsTweetzz.
The following class, the professor walked into the room and slid a book down the length of the table. “Here, Danielle. I found this and thought you might like it.” It was a thick pale yellow book titled “Women Writers at Work,” chock full of “The Paris Review” interviews with a lot of big name women writers, poets, essayists— some that I immediately recognized, others that I hadn’t yet encountered. But aside from the celebration of these female writers whose work remains undeniably
remarkable in its own right, the interviews were something else entirely. Sure, each writer talked about the “writing process,” her literary influences, how she came into her own particular style, but each interview in a meta-way managed to write its own narrative of the writer’s relationship to her work. It’s as if in that moment—only through the act of writing about her writing, as well as about language— the writer came face-to-face with herself. In the span of 20 or 30 or so pages, the interviews had it all—the excitement, the isolation, the tediousness, the solitude, the frustration, the painful uncertainty, the sense of accomplishment and quasi-self-fulfillment. But as I thumbed through the collection, reading interview after interview, I realized that, in all my failed writing projects, I had been writing about myself, but not from myself. What I mean is that I was too distracted by finding the right words and writing the “right” way to really sink into the language— to give the words enough time to figure out what story they wanted to tell. The only piece of writing I managed to finish for that creative writing class was my final project—a 30-plus page personal narrative I started working on over Spring Break. I had just finished reading “The Bell Jar” for the first time and Sylvia Plath’s writing, in a way, woke me up. There was a certain intensity to her writing voice that seemed to draw her reader in by saying, “Look, I have a story to tell, and I’m laying it all there on the page. Take it or leave it.” The truth is, I hardly did any writing that semester. Yes, it was frustrating, and, yes, it was unnerving. There’s nothing worse than wanting to write so badly and struggling to cobble even two words together. But it was in these moments of creative panic, and by reading these women writers talk about their work and their relationship to language, that I understood what words can do if you let them. All I really had to do was trust a little more, try a little less and dig a little bit deeper. Danielle Nelson is a Trinity senior. Her column runs every other Wednesday. Send Danielle a message on Twitter @elleeenel.
From “Words to live by,” by Layne Walker: ...Last words aren’t the only ones that count. What about all the words that precede them? What you say, be it spoken, written, typed, is a presentation of you to the world, a testimony to your character, your spirit. Your words shape people’s opinions of you. They proceed you. Written word is immortal, spoken word long-lasting...
Read more Backpages blog posts at https://www.dukechronicle.com/blogs/backpageblogs/posts
12 | wednesday, March 26, 2014
from page 1
guessing… we can actually quantify it and give a more scientific, a more realistic approximation.” Pencina explained that the reason for the increased number of people recommended for statin therapy is a change in the way the guidelines look at risk. Previously, the guidelines advised people to take statins if their cholesterol levels were high. Under the new guidelines, recommendations are based on overall risk for heart disease. Prior to the new guidelines, people with a 7.5 percent or greater chance of developing heart disease over the next 10 years are recommended to take statins. “The new guidelines change the paradigm of treatment recommendations,” Pencina said. The group that will see the largest increase in treatment recommendations is older men, according to the study. Under the old guidelines, 30.4 percent of men between the ages of 60 and 75 were recommended to take statins. The new guidelines recommend 87.4 use the therapy. The new guidelines significant recommendations raise
a need to further study whether statins are the best way to treat overall heart disease risk factors, not just high cholesterol, explained Dr. Eric Peterson, director of the DCRI and a co-author of the study. “Whether it’s right, wrong or different is really not clear. There needs to be more trials in older individuals, particularly with those who have relatively normal [cholesterol levels],” Peterson said. “It seems reasonable that we might want to try to get better evidence about whether this works or not.” Peterson also pointed out that because the new guidelines base recommendations on 10-year risk for heart disease, they may not be doing enough to help treat younger people who will be at risk further in the future. Dr. Neil Stone, chair of the panel that wrote the new guidelines, explained that the guidelines point to other factors in addition to the 10-year risk which may indicate that a person should take statins. “There are some people who don’t make the 7.5 percent [risk level] but have a family history of premature heart disease or an LDL [cholesterol level] above 160,” Stone said. “Clinicians, based on our guidelines, may want to treat them
based on these special factors.” About 500,000 cases of cardiovascular disease could be prevented by the new guidelines, said Dr. Ann Marie NavarBoggan, a Duke Medicine cardiology fellow and co-author on the study. Navar-Boggan agreed that risks incurred from increased statin use are low and the benefits are high. “While it’s true the new guidelines increase the total number of people recommended for statin therapy, I think a rigid application of the guidelines has the potential to do a lot of good in terms of decreasing the burden of cardiovascular disease going forward,” Navar-Boggan said. Although statins do have side effects, they are already widely used and have value in preventing heart disease, according to the Food and Drug Administration. Navar-Boggan also explained that the large number of people now being recommended to take statins can be attributed to the increase in heart disease and risk factors for heart disease. “The fact that so many people are eligible for statin therapy really reflects the overall predicted burden of cardiovascular disease in the United States over the next 10 years,” she said. This study on the AHA’s new statin guidelines is part of a broader research effort focusing on preventive medicine, led by Pencina. “There’s been this group that’s trying to answer some of these fundamental questions about prevention and we’ve been collaborating for a period of time to do that,” Peterson said. “There’s a series of different other works we have in the pipeline that will address these questions.” After an article on the study was published in the New England Journal of Medicine, the study’s results have been covered by major news organizations, including The New York Times, National Public Radio, CNN and USA Today. Penicina said that he was pleased with the conversation which the coverage had started and hoped that the attention would fuel further research. Navar-Boggan cautioned that there were some untrue claims that the study was funded by or linked to pharmaceutical companies circulating on social media. “Our study was funded by independent research grants, not the pharmaceutical industry,” she said.
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experience in bridging the curricular and co-curricular aspects of undergraduate life, as well as her commitment to the education and advancement of women, make her a terrific match for Smith.” Nowicki said that he hopes to find Lisker’s replacement before the end of the Spring semester. The search committee will be chaired by Nancy Allen, vice provost for faculty diversity and faculty development. Other members of the committee include Andrew Janiak, Creed C. Black associate professor of philosophy and Stephanie Helms Pickett, the newly-appointed director of the Women’s Center.
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