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UNIVERSITY

SPORTS

GPSC talks faculty structure

Blue devils slug their way to victory Page 5

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The Chronicle T h e i n d e p e n d e n t d a i ly at D u k e U n i v e r s i t y

 xxxxxday, mmmm wednesday, marchxx, 19,2013 2014

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ONE ONE HUNDRED HUNDRED AND AND EIGHTH ninthYEAR, YEAR,Issue Issuexxx 98

Cathy Davidson to leave Duke for public education

Stephanie Helms Pitch perfect Pickett to direct Women’s Center by Staff Reports

By Rachel Chason

Stephanie Helms Pickett was announced as director of Duke’s Women’s Center. Helms Pickett has served as interim director of the center since last Fall, when former director Ada Gregory stepped down in order to become executive director of the Office of Interdisciplinary Program Management. Currently in her eighth year at Duke, Helms Pickett will assume her permanent position immediately. “I hope to inspire a deepened sense of community so that women’s issues overall are not only heard, but responded to,” Helms Pickett said in a Duke News release. The first black woman to hold the position, Helms Pickett served the University in a number of roles before becoming interim director of the center—including directing Assessment and Professional Development within Student Affairs, chairing Duke’s Bias Analysis Task Force and serving on the Task Force on Gender and the Undergraduate Experience. The Women’s Center advocates for individuals and groups experiencing gender-related issues, carries out educational programming,

Cathy Davidson—a leader in digital humanities who has held various positions at Duke over 25 years—has announced that she will join the faculty of the Graduate Center at the City University of New York in order to pursue her interest in public education. Davidson, the Ruth F. DeVarney Professor of English and the John Hope Franklin Humanities Institute Professor of Interdisciplinary Studies, received national media attention for her decision. Beginning in July, she will direct the Futures Initiative—a CUNY-wide program promoting collaborative innovation in higher education—and hold an academic appointment in the Graduate Center’s English Ph.D. program. “Even though I will always be a Blue Devil at heart, I am incredibly excited about this opportunity,” Davidson said. “I chose this new position because of one word: scale. CUNY is the largest public university in America, and working there will allow me to reach over 200,000 undergraduates.” Davidson, who has written or edited more than 20 books and was recently appointed to

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See Pickett, page 4

The Chronicle

Emma LoeWe/The Chronicle

The Duke University Chorale performed its spring concert in Baldwin Auditorium Tuesday evening.

See Davidson, page 2

Zombie theorist explains politics behind ‘Game of Thrones’ By Stuart Reit The Chronicle

What can “Game of Thrones” teach us about politics? Quite a lot, said Daniel Drezner, professor of international politics at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University. Drezner highlighted how “Game of Thrones” can be an excellent source for thoughtful political discussion and analysis while speaking at the Sanford School of Public Policy Tuesday night. The Duke chapter of the Alexander Hamilton Society arranged the lecture, which was entitled “International Relations in Game of Thrones: An Analysis of the

Hit Television Show’s Relation to our World’s Politics.” Drezner noted that the first season of “Game of Thrones” provides a basic introduction to political thought. He continued to show how events in the second and third seasons bring up issues such as the nature of power, credible commitment, weapons of mass destruction and gender politics. “‘Game of Thrones’ is like majoring in political science,” Drezner said. Where other mainstream political dramas like “The West Wing,” “House of Cards” and “Scandal” can be too similar to reality or too focused on idealism, Drezner argued that

genre television is one of the best places to see politics discussed in a meaningful way. “It’s easier to talk about politics [in genre television],” Drezner said. “When you talk about real politics, people get uncomfortable.” Drezner linked political theory to mainstream television in his book, “Theories of International Politics and Zombies.” In the book, Drezner asks how different theories of international relations would apply in the presence of zombies. He now applies the same thought process to other genres. For example, the first three seasons of “Game of Thrones” have provided

plenty of opportunities for political analysis, he said. “There are actual political ideas that resemble ideas of the 21st century,” Drezner said in reference to the third season’s plot. Drezner cited the Wildlings—a tribe of nomadic people in the series—as a manifestation of libertarian ideals in some ways because they do not have a king or believe in having a king. Using cut scenes from the show, Drezner was able to capture pivotal moments of the series and tie them into political theory. See Thrones, page 4


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GPSC learns about University governance and decision-making by Patricia Spears The ChroniCle

The executive Committee of the Academic Council presented on the faculty governance structure and the decision-making process for major University changes at a meeting of the Graduate and Professional Student Council Tuesday. eCAC Chair Joshua Socolar, professor of physics, said the two most important principles to faculty governance were the “one Faculty” idea—that faculty at all schools should be treated comparably in spirit—and the Christie rule—the notion that faculty must have the opportunity to comment on any items the administration is interested in presenting to the Board of Trustees. Socolar noted that although these rules are not legally binding, the administration takes them quite seriously.

“There’s a sense that in order to really provide the best education we can and do the best results we can, we need to have a faculty that brings the full array of perspectives to the problems in the classroom,” Socolar said. Socolar highlighted the growing number of new master’s programs and faculty diversity as major issues eCAC considers, noting that because master’s students pay full tuition, they could potentially be admitted to raise revenue. “Some departments, if allowed, could make a lot of money that way...so it would shift the balance of resources within the University in general,” he said. Socolar added that although eCAC focuses on faculty perspectives, they also consider how student life can impact faculty. “We look at things like tenting, and ask, ‘is there a role for faculty to play there?’” he said.

“You might be happy to hear that the answer is no.” In other business: The GPSC executive board described their positions for the general assembly and hosted a session for more specific questions after the meeting. elections will take place April 1 and April 15. Ben Shellhorn, GPSC student life cochair and second-year J.D./M.B.A. candidate, described his position on student life. LuCY diCKs-mirEauX/The ChroniCle “The way student life was sold Joshua Socolar explained the priorities and principles that to me last year was that you get a $40,000 budget to get people guide the University’s decisions-making processes. drunk,” he said. Killela, a fifth-year pathology Ph.D. candidate, Basketball Committee co-Chairs, Patrick See GPsc, page 4

the national Council on the humanities by President Barack obama, noted that she has always had a strong interest in public education. “Funding for public education has been decreasing for the last 50 years,” Davidson said. “i am passionately committed to refunding public education. i firmly believe that you cannot have a strong democracy or civil society without a strong public education system. The podium from which you speak matters, and i will be a better advocate for public education from my position at CUnY than i could have been at Duke.” Davidson dedicated much of her time at Duke to promoting innovative teaching and integrating technology into education, serving as the University’s first vice provost for

interdisciplinary studies from 1998 to 2006 and co-founding the John hope Franklin humanities institute in 1999. her new position will allow her to carry her work with educational technology to the public sphere. “her expertise in teaching innovation, technology and interdisciplinary scholarship dovetails with our strengths, particularly as a graduate school focused on Ph.D. education,” said Chase robinson, interim president of the Graduate School at CUnY. long interested in technology and collaborative learning, Davidson helped develop more than 70 new collaborative programs in her time as vice provost. “She was always interested in exploring new frontiers in academia, across a wide array of subject areas,” said David Sparks, Graduate School ‘13 and one of Davidson’s postdoctoral students. “She really believed in creating a world where different approaches to teach-

at the National Humanities Center

March 20- 21, 2014 The 3rd annual conference examining human rights through the perspective of the humanities. Keynote Address: “The Better Angels of Our Nature: Why Violence Has Declined” Steven Pinker, Harvard University K. Anthony Appiah, Princeton University Didier Fassin, Institute for Advanced Study (Princeton, NJ) Lynn Festa, Rutgers University Saidiya Hartman, Columbia University Stephen Hopgood, University of London Walter Johnson, Harvard University Robert Pippin, University of Chicago Gregory Radick, University of Leeds

ing and learning were valued, and where interdisciplinarity wasn’t just permitted, but encouraged.” Davidson is also a co-director of the Ph.D lab in Digital Knowledge and a co-founding director of the humanities, Arts, Technology and Science Alliance and Collaboratory, an international digital learning network with more than 11,000 members. The hASTAC/ MacArthur Foundation Digital Media and learning Competitions that she helps direct every year have awarded more than $10 million in funding to 100 innovation projects worldwide. “Through her work with hASTAC, including the scholars program that brings together graduate students across disciplines, she was able to connect the Duke community with many other scholars in the digital humanities, new media studies and related fields,” said Patrick Jagoda, Graduate School

‘10 and a postdoctoral student under Davidson. Although Davidson has held a variety of positions on campus, she noted that her favorite role is that of a teacher. “My first love is and always will be for teaching, and particularly student-designed teaching,” Davidson said. her husband, Ken Wissoker, is the editorial director of Duke University Press and will also be moving to CUnY. he will take the position of Director of intellectual Publics at the Graduate Center. he will continue in his position at the Duke University Press from new York. Davidson will remain involved with Duke after her transition to CUnY, hosting six workshops as a visiting professor and continuing to direct the portion of the hASTAC/MacArthur Foundation Digital Media and learning group that will remain at Duke.

Meet AwArd-winning nAture PhotogrAPher FeAtured in docuMentAry Chasing iCe

James Balog 2 PM sat., aPril 12 2014 Duke LeAF™ AwArD recipient griFFith theAter bryAn center, Duke cAmpus A reception and open house will follow the event in the new Duke environment hall (circuit Drive)

Human Rights and the Humanities is made possible by the support of Research Triangle Foundation of North Carolina, Duke University, North Carolina State University, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and the Carnegie Corporation of New York.

Photo by Mary Cybulski

Free and oPen to the PubliC, but tiCkets to the leaF CereMony are required.

tickets.duke.edu • 919.684.4444

niCholas.duke.edu/leaF

For further details or to register for the conference, visit nationalhumanitiescenter.org

photo by Jeff Orlowski/Extreme Ice Survey

DAVIDSON from page 1


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Walking the labyrinth

wednesday, march 19, 2014 | 3

Ready for Spring?

sophia durand/The Chronicle

Visitors walk the labyrinth—a 40-foot circle containing a winding path. It is an ancient spiritual tradition held inside the Chapel annually.

Rita Lo/The Chronicle

Despite spring officially beginning tomorrow, icicles are still forming on tree around campus.

YOU GOTTA BE THERE! TODAY 11:00a.m.-2:00p.m. Hosted by the Duke Annual Fund

Join us at the Chapel Quad between 11:00a.m. and 2:00p.m. TODAY and see what the BIG deal is! Oh, and we’ll give you FREE STUFF!!!!


4 | wednesday, marCh 19, 2014

PICKETT from page 1 works to advance social justice and offers support to members of the Duke community. “i hope to continue the legacy of ensuring that women’s voices are heard, and that that their voices are reflected in policy and the life of the University,” helms Pickett said in an interview with the Student Affairs Blog. “i will make myself available to women, to hear what gives them joy at Duke, what gives them pause and what they need to be successful here and post Duke.”

GPSC from page 2 and ralph Michael Peace, a second-year pathology Ph.D. candidate, revealed mostly positive results from their survey about the annual basketball campout, in which graduate students tent for tickets. They said they will try to publicize the event and make it more family-friendly next year. GPSC unanimously approved bylaw revisions, which included clarifications, removal of the blank Article Xi and a renam-

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ing of executive Council positions. Paul escajadillo, a daytime military MBA student and the Fuqua representative on the Veterans Advisory Commitee, presented on an upcoming raffle. VAC will award 10 gift cards of $100 to one veteran from each graduate school and Trinity College to assist with fees not covered by Gi bills. The GPSC retreat will take place March 27 and will include a panel with seven of the graduate and professional school deans. The GPSC Wiki-site was launched this week. GPSC student group liaison Abbe labella, third-year Ph.D. candidate in genetics and genomics, presented updates on the GPSC house on Central Campus, including a three-year plan to renovate the first floor and make it more accessible for students to host meetings and events. Amy hafez, representative from the Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, presented complaints from her constituents about changes made to who is allowed in the parking garage on research Drive. it was then discovered that GPSC representatives on the Parking and Transportation Committee have never met or corresponded.

THRONES

from page 1

“i really appreciated how he related some of the dialogue, the little conversations on the nature of power,” said freshman Adam lemon, a communications officer of AhS. Although “Game of Thrones” draws some viewers for its sex appeal and elements of fantasy, Tuesday’s discussion emphasized the deeper themes that can be found in the show. “i love this event because not only was it entertaining from start to finish, it also really did get into deeper issues in political science,” said senior Daniel Strunk, president of AhS. The discussion also jumped to the real-world political dramas of today, when a student asked what lessons “Game of Thrones” could give President Barack obama. “Cersei lannister is the Vladimir Putin world view,” Drezner said, referencing the current situation in Crimea. “in the short term, power does equal power. The U.S. is multiple orders of magnitude [of power] over russia, except in perception…. You need to give the impression that the U.S. still has some agency.” he added that the U.S. does not want to escalate the situation, but also does not want to be seen as a passive actor in the conflict. Strunk said that this was the highest-attended event hosted by the Alexander hamilton Society this year. he added that the topic seemed to resonate with students whether they were longtime or new fans of the show, book series or both. “events like this really remind me why it’s so awesome to go to a place like Duke,” sophomore Stephen Yates said. “When your family sits you down to watch “Game of Thrones” over the summer and then you come back and you learn about how it applies to actual politics, it’s pretty cool.”

thanh-ha nGuYEn/The ChroniCle

Daniel Drezner, an international politics professor from Tufts University, spoke about the politics of plotlines in “Game of Thrones.”

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the blue zone

NCAA TourNey: PreviewiNg The eAsT regioN sports.chronicleblogs.com

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wedNesdAy, mArCh 19, 2014

Brackets for Battier stumps for Obamacare dummies by Danielle Muoio The ChrONICLe

It’s the most wonderful time of the year. The snow is melting, spring is around the corner—and 68 of the nation’s top college basketball teams are battling it out for the NCAA championship. That’s right, it’s March Madness, where a lucky run in the tournament could catapult any team to greatness. Thursday and Friday, the first two full days of the tournament, are the best days of the year to watch sports on TV, featuring nearly 48 consecutive hours of basketball games. No matter where you are, or what time it is—whether in class, at Thursday night Devine’s, or after that 8:45 a.m. Orgo test everyone seems to have Friday—you have no excuse not to watch the tournament. And now, thanks to this handy guide, you have no excuse not to care about March Madness, either. Let’s face it—we may attend a “basketball school,” but there are plenty of people here who don’t know the difference between a free throw and a foul shot (trick question—there is no difference). Thus, they don’t give a hoot that it’s March Madness. They haven’t been tracking the rise and fall of teams since October; didn’t spend spring break glued to their TV screens, yelling for Jabari Parker to “get more inside looks;” and, when Jabari finally dunked the ball, yelping along with Dickie V at what a “PTPer” the “diaper dandy” truly is. But you don’t have to have done any of that to be invested in this year’s tournament. Come Thursday, it’s like the college basketball season is truly beginning. All you have to do to have an interest in March Madness is to have teams to root for, and the way you do that is by making a bracket. By pitting your bracket against other peoples’, how your teams do on the court translates to how well you do in the competition, which means your teams could win you pride, joy and cold hard cash. So yeah, you should care. “But I’ve never made a bracket before!” you say. Well, now that can’t be an excuse anymore because I’m going to show you how. In selecting the winners of matchups on your bracket, you could just pick the higher-seeded team to win each matchup— but then you would be boring. Also, each of the No. 1 seeds have advanced to the Final Four a total of once in the history of the tournament, so that strategy has a proven track record of not working anyway. So, in this guide, I’ve already done the hard part—I’ve picked your Final

Danielle Lazarus

See lazarus, page 8

Former Blue Devil Shane Battier is helping White house officials push Americans to sign up for the Affordable Care Act by drawing attention to the economic costs of sports-related injuries. The promotional push is beginning alongside the start of March Madness in an effort to reach consumers watching basketball games on television and online. In addition to running advertisements, White house officials will also begin a social media push when the NCAA tournament begins, said Marlon Marshall, White house principal deputy director of the office of public engagement. Battier is helping promote the Affordable Care Act. In a phone conference Tuesday, he discussed the importance of getting health insurance as an athlete who has gone through multiple sports-related injuries. he is showing his support alongside other prominent figures in athletics, such as North Carolina head men’s basketball coach roy Williams and Connecticut head women’s basketball coach Geno Auriemma—who filmed a video promoting the Affordable Care Act. “The fact is, if you’re playing a sport it is important to make sure you have great health insurance because you never know when you’re going to take a hit, and you’ll probably need treatment of some kind,” Battier said. The U.S. Department of health and human Services released a report on the economic costs of sports-related injuries to draw attention to the importance of obtaining coverage. The report noted that more than 1.9 million individuals had sports-related injuries in 2012. Nearly 570,000 were basketball injuries that were treated in emergency departments nationwide, with more than 8,000 resulting in hospitalization.

sports

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Shane Battier, a member of Duke’s 2001 National Championship team and current NBA player, is using his celebrity to encourage people to sign up for the Affordable Care Act. Battier listed some of his basketball-related injuries, which include receiving more than 90 stitches, suffering more than 25 ankle sprains and having reconstructive ankle surgery. “There is a health risk that comes from playing a sport so I’m very thankful that I’ve always had great insurance,” he said. “The bottom line is you have to protect yourself.” The athletics-focused promotional push is intended to encourage more Americans to sign up for the Affordable Care Act before the March 31 deadline. More than 5 million Americans are currently signed up. Americans who do not sign up for insurance by the March 31 deadline will have to wait until November to enroll. The report also noted that sports-related

injuries make up approximately 20 percent of all injury-related emergency department visits among children ages 6-19. Additionally, around 12 million individuals between the ages of five and 22 suffer sports-related injuries annually, which amounts to approximately $33 billion in health care costs. “According to the Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans, adults need 30 minutes or more of moderate to intense physical activity a day to reap important health benefits,” said Shellie Pfohl, executive director of the president’s council on fitness, sports and nutrition. “So get covered to stay in the game.” Pfohl added that six out of 10 people without insurance can get coverage for $100 or less.

BaseBall

Blue Devils reel off fourth-straight win by Brian Pollack The ChrONICLe

After the pitching staff carried the Blue Devils in their weekend sweep of Notre Dame, the Duke offense reminded everyone of the damage it is capable of causing opposing pitcher’s erAs. UMES 7 The Blue Devils DUKE 15 extended their winning streak to four games by pounding Maryland eastern Shore 15-7 Tuesday night at Jack Coombs Field. each of the nine Duke starters reached base safely and six recorded multiple hits as the Blue Devils tied a season high with 17 hits. On a day when the cold, damp weather made hitting conditions difficult, Duke was able to produce six runs in two-strike situations. “Tough day to play,” head coach Chris Pollard said. “I thought our two-strike hitting

was the difference. It was great to see [Mark] Lumpa have some really good two-strike atbats, [Chris] Marconcini made a really good adjustment in the ballgame, [Jordan] Betts had a couple big two-out rBI doubles, so a lot of guys doing some really positive things.” The Blue Devils (13-8) did their most significant damage in the fourth inning when they sent 11 batters to the plate and scored six runs to build what would prove to be an insurmountable 9-2 lead. Duke loaded the bases with nobody out against hawks starter Will Turley before Maryland eastern Shore (3-11) went to its bullpen to bring in lefthander Jordan Bone. Bone promptly walked center fielder Mark Lumpa—who also rapped out four hits in his other four plate appearances—to force in a run and then gave up a two-rBI single to designated hitter Mike rosenfeld that pushed the Blue Devils’ lead to 6-2.

Duke tacked on three additional runs later in the frame thanks to an rBI single by cleanup hitter Chris Marconcini and a two-strike, two-rBI knock from catcher Christian Perez. After the hawks started to chip away at the Duke lead with three runs in the top of the fifth, the Blue Devils went right back to work at the plate to maintain their six-run lead. Duke scored three runs against Maryland eastern Shore reliever Mike epps, highlighted by a towering two-run homer over the right-field fence by Marconcini—his team-leading sixth dinger of the season. “[Tacking on runs] was, I thought, very important,” Pollard said. “They had a really good offensive approach too, and they continued to put runs on the board. It was still anybody’s ball game up through the See BaseBall, page 8


6 | wednesday, marCh 19, 2014

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from page 5

eighth inning, so I felt like we needed to continue to be opportunistic as far as building on the lead.” Coming off a start against Quinnipiac in which he didn’t make it out of the fourth inning, freshman Karl Blum was able to make it through four complete frames, allowing two earned runs on five hits and two walks. He started to lose his control in the fourth, uncorking three wild pitches that led to an easy run for Maryland Eastern Shore. After the offense’s long turn at bat in the bottom of the fourth, Blum was lifted in favor of junior right-hander Dalton Brown. “I thought [Blum] was solid,” Pollard said. “I thought that Karl, like a lot of our young guys, is going to get better with all these expe-

riences and right now I think he’s still learning how to pitch to left-handers and getting comfortable with that. It’s just a process.” Brown, in his second appearance of the season, yielded three earned runs on four hits and struck out four in two innings of work, showing a bit of rust but displaying swing-and-miss stuff at times. “Dalton is, in a lot of ways, still working himself back into shape,” Pollard said. “We understand that. So I think the fact that he feels good, that he was able to extend out to two innings—I thought in that regard it was a positive.” Duke now faces a quick turnaround, as the Blue Devils welcome Ivy League opponent Princeton 4 p.m. Wednesday afternoon with the hope of pushing their winning streak to six.

sports EMMA LOEWE/THE CHRONICLE

Chris Marconcini had three of Duke’s 17 hits, including a two-run homer in the fifth inning as the redshirt junior tied his career high with four RBIs.

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LAZARUS

from page 5

Fours for you. Using advanced, scientific formulas, I’ve come up with numerous categories for you to choose from that best fit your personality in filling out the most important section of your bracket. So, have fun, root for your teams, enjoy the greatest month of the year—and may the best bracket win. The Astute Quartet: As attendees of the US News and World Report’s No. 7 university in the nation, we’re all pretty smart. So naturally, we love to see other smart kids succeed, both inside and outside the classroom. Therefore, Duke, Stanford, Harvard and Wisconsin will represent all of us nerds in the most perspicacious tetralogy of teams in the nation. Plus, to toot Duke’s horn, both Harvard and Stanford’s coaches have Blue Devil connections—Tommy Amaker was an assistant coach for Coach K after playing for Krzyzewski’s 1986 national runner-up team, and Johnny Dawkins was National Player of the Year during his senior season at Duke. Cinderella Story: There’s no better feeling in the world than successfully being the person who predicts March Madness’ annual Cinderella, the typically lower-seeded team that makes it further in the tournament than originally predicted. Last year, my mom got it right. She employed a combination of the Astute Quartet and Cinderella Story strategies, picked Harvard to go all the way, and her bracket ended up not completely tanking since the Crimson made the Round of 32. This year, look for Mercer to potentially make a splash in the Midwest region— their big men have a chance of challenging the smaller-sized Blue Devils. Or maybe Oregon in the West—the Ducks are known for their streaks, and they won eight in a row before falling to UCLA in the Pac-12 tournament finals. On the other side of Durham, N.C. Central comes in riding a 20-game winning streak. With a little magic, the Eagles could knock off Big 12 tournament champion Iowa State, setting up a matchup with North Carolina in the Round of 32 for a Sweet 16 bid. And for your fourth team, look to Dawkins to lead the Cardinal to Arlington.

the year except for March, you have absolutely no idea what they are and where they’re located. So you can sound really knowledgeable when your Final Four consists of Stephen F. Austin, St. Joseph’s, Mercer and Creighton, and you can confidently say they’re in Texas, Philadelphia, Georgia and Nebraska, respectively, when everyone else is puzzled. (Yes, I needed to Google each of those—except for St. Joe’s because I live there.) March Attractiveness: Remember how I mentioned the “advanced, scientific formulas” I used to pick these Final Fours? Well, this category certainly required one, as I consulted Cosmopolitan Magazine’s Hottest Guys of March Madness 2013 to help pick the best-looking Final Four. If the player on Cosmo’s list hasn’t graduated and his team made the NCAA tournament this year, then his handsomeness will inevitably guide his team to the Final Four. Those fearless, gorgeous leaders are Louisville’s Russ Smith, Michigan State’s Keith Appling, Oklahoma State’s Christien Sager and New Mexico’s Hugh Greenwood. Even if you know nothing about basketball, at least you can root for these teams to watch these guys’ beautiful faces on TV longer, am I right ladies? Repeat That, Please: I’m not making these up—these are real names appearing in this year’s NCAA tournament field. UCLA will not Wanaah Bail from the tournament, especially during freshman forward Wanaah Bail’s first appearance in the Big Dance. In order for Coastal Carolina to become the first No. 16 seed to win the tournament, let alone win a single game, the Chanticleers will need six wins—only two more than the amount of names freshman guard Colton Ray-St. Cyr has. Is Je’lon Hornbeak an exotic bird or a sophomore guard on Oklahoma’s basketball team? And N.C. State has players named Beejay Anya, Cat Barber and Staats Battle—it looks like the Wolfpack are the team to beat in the All-Name Final Four.

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8 | wednesday, WEDNESDAY, march MARCH 19, 2014

Let Me Google That For You: There are certain schools that, every month of

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Safety Schools: Sports Illustrated has Florida, Virginia, Louisville and Arizona in the Final Four. ESPN’s Jay Bilas predicts Kansas, Wisconsin, Louisville and Michigan State. Any of those teams could reasonably make the Final Four—but picking them would be almost as boring as choosing all No. 1 seeds, right? Better go with one of the systems above instead.

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HOLTON PRIZE IN EDUCATION

SEEKING RESPONSIBLE PERSON to serve weekends as sitter for pleasant 64 year old nursing home patient at Hillcrest in Durham. $10 - $12 hourly. 919-2225-7687

Three cash prizes of $500 will be awarded for outstanding research in education-related fields. Application deadline is April 18, 2014. For applications and information: http// educationprogram.duke.edu/ undergraduate/awards. Open to Duke Undergraduates. Faculty contacts: Dr. Zoila Airall (Zoila.airall@duke.edu) or Dr. Jan Riggsbee (jrigg@duke.edu) Director, Program in Education. MANAGEMENT CONSULTANT

Raleigh consulting firm seeks candidate to fill Management Consultant position. Ideal candidate will have a Master’s degree in Business or Health Administration and a minimum of three years healthcare-related experience. Successful candidate must possess strong writing, communication and quantitative skills and have knowledge of regulatory applications, financial and market analysis, and healthcare operations including physician practice. Responsibilities will include strategic market and financial feasibility studies and operations analysis. Some travel involved. Proficiency in MS Office products required. Salary is commensurate with experience. Competitive benefits for this full time position include group insurance and retirement.

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Solution sudoku_412B Find the answers to the Sudoku puzzle on

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5 4 7 8 2 9 1 3 6 8 3 9 4 1 6 5 2 7 The Chronicle 2How1we pick 6 our7 brackets: 5 3 8 4 9 Team colors: .............................................................................. duranddurand Upset city: ..........................................................................................Mr. 6 5 8 2 4 1 9 7Teeth 3 Mascot fight: .....................................................................................Magicarp 12-seeds go far: ...............................................................................chowchow 9 2 3 6 7 8 4 5Pun 1 Shabazzz: .................................................................................................... Big 10 all the way: ...............................................................................linsanity SOS: .........................................................................................................mouse 4 7 1 9 3 5 6 8 2 Tuition cost—lowest wins: ................................................................. Mr. Jorts No mistakes: ..............................................................................................Barb 1 8 2 3 6 4 7 9 5 Student Advertising Manager: ..................................................James Sinclair Account Representatives: Peter Chapin, 7 .............................. 6 4 5 Jennifer 9 Bahadur, 2 3 1 8 Courtney Clower, Alyssa Coughenour, Rachel Kiner, Tyler Deane-Krantz, Chris Geary, Liz Lash, Hannah Long, Parker Masselink, Nic Meiring, 3 9 5 1 8 7 2 6 4 Brian Paskas, Nick Philip, Cliff Simmons, Lexy Steinhilber

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32 Campbell of “Party of Five”

14 One of the red Monopoly spaces

33 Traditional pre-Christmas activity

16 Triumphing

36 Cartoon shriek

18 Open-house org.

37 Roll-call call

19 ___ polloi

38 Bub

20 Lunes or martes

41 The First State: Abbr.

21 Ring decision, briefly 23 Matt who scored the only Jets touchdown in Super Bowl history 25 2B, SS or CF 26 ___ Stic (retractable Bic pen) 27 Comic Fields who was an Ed Sullivan regular 28 “Amores” poet

43 Cry at the World Cup 44 Fleet member retired in ’03 47 Place on a pedestal 49 Last book of the Old Testament 51 Element in chips 52 Became too old for foster care, say 53 Testifying accurately

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Edited by Will Shortz

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PUZZLE BY PETER A. COLLINS

26 Bopper 29 “___-lish!” (“Yum!”) 34 Longtime Florentine ruling family 35 There might be one on the corner of a sail 38 Atomizer outputs

39 They’re said at the end of a soirée 40 Dog that might be named Shep 42 Derby victory margin, maybe 43 Many an urban Cornhusker 44 Searches high and low

45 Quarantine, say 46 Dime-on-thedollar donation 48 Happy tunes 50 To the point, in law 54 Day after hump day: Abbr.

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T h e i n d e p e n d e n T d a i ly aT d u k e u n i v e r s i T y

The chronicle

is the sAt a valuable metric? Earlier this month, the College Board announced sweeping changes for the SAT. Reverting to the old 1,600-point scale, the new SAT will eliminate the essay, outdated vocabulary words, the “guessing penalty” for wrong answers and complex math problems. The overhaul is designed to better align the test with high school coursework. According to the president of the College Board, the old SAT had “become disconnected from the work of our high schools” and will improve with these changes. The influential position of the SAT makes the College Board one of the most powerful forces in higher education. The perennial anxiety that the SAT inspires in students and parents makes determining the test’s primary purpose incredibly important. What is the SAT supposed to measure? Knowledge gained in high school, preparedness for college or some more elusive, innate intelligence? The SAT’s changes suggest that its creators want the test to measure high school learning. But pinning the SAT to high school learning means that testable material can be learned, even coached. Criticisms that affluent students with hired tutors can game the exam do not

disappear with these new changes. In fact, the changes might exacerbate the problem. Narrower vocabulary, less abstract and more predictable math problems and an optional essay prompt now released beforehand may give students with tutors an even bigger edge. The College Board claims

Editorial that the new SAT will be harder to game but they provide no data to support their point. Designing the SAT to measure some natural aptitude is even more problematic. Does aptitude even exist? How might we define it? We know that intelligence comes in a variety of forms, functions and flavors. Indeed, intelligence’s many manifestations might be so diverse as to make measurement a hopeless task. The elimination of the old SAT’s writing section—a change we applaud—seems to concede this point. “Good writing” is a hard enough goal for Duke’s Writing 101 program, even though it has a 16-week syllabus, PhD-credentialed instructors as well as personal writing tutors through the Thompson Writing Program. The old SAT, which

onlinecomment There are sound reasons why Harvard, Yale, Princeton and Stanford have opted not to build schools in China but rather, have “partnerships” with elite Chinese universities that allow their respective students to study there.

Letters PoLicy The Chronicle welcomes submissions in the form of letters to the editor or guest columns. Submissions must include the author’s name, signature, department or class, and for purposes of identification, phone number and local address. Letters should not exceed 325 words; contact the editorial department for information regarding guest columns. The Chronicle will not publish anonymous or form letters or letters that are promotional in nature. The Chronicle reserves the right to edit letters and guest columns for length, clarity and style and the right to withhold letters based on the discretion of the editorial page editor.

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Direct submissions to: E-mail: chronicleletters@duke.edu Editorial Page Department The Chronicle Box 90858, Durham, NC 27708 Phone: (919) 684-2663 Fax: (919) 684-4696

The chronicle

Inc. 1993

Danielle Muoio, Editor Sophia DuranD, Managing Editor raiSa chowDhury, News Editor Daniel carp, Sports Editor elySia Su, Photography Editor Scott briggS, Editorial Page Editor caSey williaMS, Editorial Board Chair jiM poSen, Director of Online Development kelly Scurry, Managing Editor for Online chriSSy beck, General Manager eMMa baccellieri, University Editor carleigh StiehM, University Editor elizabeth DjiniS, Local & National Editor georgia parke, Local & National Editor anthony hagouel, Health & Science Editor tony Shan, Health & Science Editor julia May, News Photography Editor eric lin, Sports Photography Editor kelSey hopkinS, Design Editor rita lo, Design Editor lauren feilich, Recess Editor jaMie keSSler, Recess Managing Editor eliza bray, Recess Photography Editor thanh-ha nguyen, Online Photo Editor MouSa alShanteer, Editorial Page Managing Editor Matt pun, Sports Managing Editor aShley Mooney, Towerview Editor caitlin MoyleS, Towerview Editor jennie Xu, Towerview Photography Editor Dillon patel, Towerview Creative Director kriStie kiM, Social Media Editor julian Spector, Special Projects Editor lauren carroll, Senior Editor Derek Saffe, Multimedia Editor anDrew luo, News Blog Editor anna koelSch, Special Projects Editor for Online glenn rivkeeS, Director of Online Operations yeShwanth kanDiMalla, Recruitment Chair julia May, Recruitment Chair Mary weaver, Operations Manager rebecca DickenSon, Advertising Director Megan Mcginity, Digital Sales Manager barbara Starbuck, Creative Director the chronicle is published by the Duke Student publishing company, inc., a non-profit corporation independent of Duke university. the opinions expressed in this newspaper are not necessarily those of Duke university, its students, faculty, staff, administration or trustees. unsigned editorials represent the majority view of the editorial board. columns, letters and cartoons represent the views of the authors. to reach the editorial office at 301 flowers building, call 684-2663 or fax 684-4696. to reach the business office at 2022 campus Drive call 684-3811. to reach the advertising office at 2022 campus Drive call 684-3811 @ 2014 Duke Student publishing company

ultimately pandered to the lowest common denominator, had no chance. We might be asking the SAT to do too much. The question is not so much “What should be on the SAT?,” as it is “How should the SAT be fairly and accurately used to admit students to college?” One of the immediate challenges facing elite university admissions is that the new SAT will be, by most accounts, substantially easier than the old SAT. In an already hyper-competitive admissions pool—most of Duke’s serious applicants hover in the 2100 neighborhood—an easier test will make differentiation harder. In the longer term, the growing rifts between community colleges, lower-ranked state schools and elite liberal arts institutions may demand different standardized tests altogether. No longer will the SAT be an allpurpose test for every type of university. The more we meditate on the SAT, the more we recoil from its nearly impossible task and the more we discourage its use as the gold standard of college admissions. At a moment when the SAT drives college rankings, fuels high school anxieties and spawns huge tutoring industries, maybe the time has come to ask whether or not we ought to use it all.

Honest work

uke is expensive. There is no doubt about it. A good education in the hallowed halls of Gothic architecture costs big bucks. Even if the Duke administration tells us that it is investing an average of $90,000 in each student’s education, the $60,000 a year that it costs to be an undergraduate at this school is a significant and often burdensome

” edit pages

—“Bruce Coleman” commenting on the article “Duke Kunshan application deadlines extended.”

Est. 1905

The Chronicle chronicle

www.dukechronicle.com commentary

10 | wednesday, march 19, 2014

Joline Doedens wait a minute

financial commitment. Of course, current and prospective Duke students are entitled to choose any available legal means of raising those funds, from federal financial aid, to local scholarships, to work-study programs, to part-time jobs in the service industry, to acting in pornographic films. Of course, that last means of paying for Duke’s tuition has recently garnered a lot of attention in both local and national news because of one freshman’s recent revelation of her means of paying the bill. I will not comment on Belle Knox’s personal decision to enter the pornographic film industry, or on the continued development of her story over the past several weeks. Rather, I want to point out some important continuing problems with the porn industry that could problematize the choice of acting in the pornographic film industry as a means of paying for college tuition. First, a point about the legitimacy of a career in the porn industry: Until the development of the internet, porn was far more difficult to access. Not only did you have to leave your home, but you also had to go rent a video or buy a magazine in person. With the rise of the internet porn industry, anonymous consumption became possible. With the rise of such anonymous consumption, age restraints become more difficult to enforce and even individuals legally able to purchase pornographic materials may feel less peer pressure not to explore a latent interest in pornography. The increasingly widespread consumption of porn, however, does not actually do anything to help legitimize work in the porn industry if there is not also a concurrent increase in the honesty and transparency of the industry itself. The legal standard for the types of pornography that are protected by the First Amendment guarantee of freedom of speech was set out in the 1973 case of Miller v. California. The Supreme Court there set out a three-prong obscenity test which would find a speech or expression obscene and therefore not protected by the First Amendment if: “the average person, applying contemporary community standards would find that the work, taken as a whole, appeals to the prurient interest;” “whether the work depicts or describes, in a patently offensive way, sexual conduct

specifically defined by the applicable state law;” and “whether the work, taken as a whole, lacks serious literary, artistic, political, or scientific value.” Since conforming to “contemporary community standards” of what would appeal to the “prurient interest” is an essential condition to a jury’s finding of a particular speech or expression to be obscene, the porn industry itself would benefit from changing those community standards to exclude at least some types of “soft” porn from the obscene classification. So how can the porn industry help make itself legitimate by changing these community standards? Be honest and open. Learn a lesson from Dutch sex workers and make yourself a member of a recognized profession. Form a trade union, pay your taxes, submit to regular medical checkups and establish clear standards for the profession. If a career in the porn industry becomes increasingly transparent and increasingly regulated, then the community will come to accept the profession and its product as non-obscene, therefore perpetuating the cycle of increasing legitimacy. Individuals who work in the industry can themselves also increase the legitimacy of their profession by demonstrating that it is possible to be a fully functioning, productive member of society and make pornographic films. Of course, this is no easy task. No doubt a generation or two of porn industry workers will suffer considerable reputational losses in the process of helping make their profession legitimate. They may very well suffer discrimination and ostracization and objectification. In helping to bring the inner workings of the industry out into the open where they can be discussed and evaluated, however, workers in the profession can begin to remedy some of the pervasive problems in pornographic films. Among the most prominent problems in pornographic films is the exploitation of women. While it may be perfectly legitimate for consumers of pornographic materials to have a preference for submissive, child-like or even outright powerless women, it is vitally important that the actresses who portray these women do so voluntarily. There may be a need to revamp the payment structure for the performance of certain sexual acts on screen, in order to ensure that actresses in particular are not economically compelled to play a certain role. Thus, I have neither the desire nor the means to question Belle Knox’s decision to enter the porn industry in order to pay for her Duke tuition. However, being an active and productive member of the industry that furthers the legitimacy, safety and equality of the industry as a whole requires honesty and transparency, and a wholehearted embrace of one’s profession. Joline Doedens is a second-year law student. Her column runs every other Wednesday. Send Joline a message on Twitter @jydoedens.


The Chronicle chronicle

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the socialites

Attention!

C

hildren are eccentric little nuggets. For me, my eccentricities could best be described as “exceptionally annoying.” People used to call me “Megaphone Mouth” for my well-paired traits of an extremely loud voice and an extreme inability to shut up ever. I was simultaneously a teacher’s dream and their nightmare—I was smart and driven, but would also do things in class like make

told explicitly so by medical professionals, I’ve realized I’m basically a walking ADHD diagnosis. In fact, anyone who has regularly read my column has probably come to that conclusion themselves. However, I didn’t really accept the diagnosis or seek treatment for months. This was in part because the medical system is not built for people who have difficulty focusing on filling out 15page questionnaires, and then those people

W

wednesday, march 19, 2014 | 11

#Whocares

ith heavy eyes, an unkempt beard and an aroma of Doritos, Zach Galifianakis scratched his head. The comedic icon, widely known for his role as Alan in The Hangover and as host of the popular Funny or Die series “Between Two Ferns,” looked President Obama in the eyes and apologized for canceling their meeting several times. Barack stopped him right there and replied “It’s no problem … When I heard that people actually watched this show I was actually pretty surprised.” Boom, shots fired. Zach trading barbs with celebrities con-

Lillie Reed

Tyler Fredricks

wumbology

patricians etc.

fake Pokemon cards, convince my partners in group work that doing “blood brother” pacts was probably more important than math and would occasionally leave my seat at random to do “star jumps” in a corner. How else would my teacher know my star potential if I didn’t jump up and down screaming it? But through a combination of amazing and supportive teachers, my likelypathologic competitiveness and the fact that the only real graduation requirement at my high school was not to shoot anyone or get pregnant (and even those were subject to exception) I was able to succeed in school— and graduated STD-free, which is perhaps astonishing, what with all the blood pacts. Yet college was different. It was (and is) a Gothic Wonderland laden with long-term deadlines and 60-page readings, a slew of social and extracurricular distractions and a cafe in its library—which was (and is) enough to stop me from getting anything done. Like many Duke students, I had a rude awakening (also known as organic chemistry) that I could no longer get by through just being smart. I had to do what high school me had deemed utterly uncool: actually try at things. Yet trying didn’t change much for me. I was motivated to do well and would set aside time and energy for my work, but I would find myself wasting it, almost against my will. I overcommitted myself, not just because I couldn’t say no to fun new things, but also because I couldn’t work without the pressure of a million deadlines on my plate. Although I’ve done well so far (fingers crossed, knock on wood, still gotta get to graduation in May), as my work got harder and required more long-term planning, procrastinating, disorganization and inattention became more problematic. Finally, last Fall, I had an important meeting with a professor where, despite actively trying, I could not pay attention to more than a few sentences before zoning out. Pro tip: If you come out of a meeting having no idea if your professor was giving you advice or verbally womp-ing Skrillex’s greatest hits, you may have a problem. Faced with my symptoms, I came to the only logical conclusion: I had a terminal brain disease. Mad cow disease was big when we Millennials were kids, so I feel like everyone in our generation who isn’t already insane should live with a healthy, constant fear of brain-eating prions. So I went to student health and told them that WebMD and I were pretty sure I had syphilis or a brain infection or may have been abducted by aliens. Again, however, I was STD-free (which I still found astonishing, although for different reasons). Suspicious, the doctor sent me to a shrink, and I got a whole new diagnosis— attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. After thinking about my life and being

misplace the questionnaires, and then they forget to mail them in entirely—speaking entirely hypothetically, of course. My delay was assuredly in part because our society stigmatizes mental health issues in general, but for me, it was largely specific to ADHD. It was also because I didn’t want to be some kid who is too distracted by sparkly objects to finish a basic assignment. I didn’t want to be one of those college students—whether with ADHD or not—who has to rely on meds to get things done. When it came down to it, it was mostly because I didn’t want to admit that I couldn’t do it on my own. It’s implied and sometimes stated in our culture that seeking and accepting help is weak. Whatever your difficulty is, you’re expected to manage it—and manage it quietly, on your own. This is probably an American cultural construct, but I’ve experienced it chiefly in the ant-ruled libraries, janky dorm rooms and smoky Western-themed nightclubs of Duke. It’s written into the culture— into that overused but always-relevant notion of “effortless perfection.” We are expected to be in a constant state of selfimprovement, but without ever really acknowledging that there is any part of our lives that could be improved upon. In reality, when we’re hiding and internalizing our problems, we’re really just being dishonest. Not admitting that struggle and refusing to seek help can only make matters worse—not just for an individual, but for the culture on this campus, where communal silence about difficulties and insecurities has spawned needless competition, unhealthy comparison and a whole lot of pretending. We all struggle, at least on occasion, with feelings of inadequacy, loneliness, anxiety or maybe an allegedly tiny basal ganglia. (Although I’ve always heard size doesn’t matter. People who say that are talking about brains, of sorts.) In my recent issues with attention, I’ve realized that seeking help is not admitting defeat. In fact, building the support you need around you for the struggles you’re facing is probably the best way to ensure happiness and success. Campus would be a much healthier place if we could all be open about the help we need. Building an open campus community that doesn’t demand easy perfection, but works to support its community members starts with being open with others, and with ourselves, when we need help—be it from friends, meds or the Self Control app. Now if you’ll excuse me, I think I just spotted something shiny in my peripheral vision. See you in three hours when I remember I had something to do.

tributes to the show’s popularity, but this particular retort from the President of the United States highlighted the increased role and influence the media has regarding contemporary issues. The President appeared on the program to plug the government’s new healthcare website, healthcare.gov. The appearance surprised many conservatives and older-generation politicians who felt that such an informal, crude setting was not the appropriate outlet for the leader of the free world to espouse important messages about his stance on political issues. Going on the show provided the quick-witted President with the opportunity he wanted to reach his audience: young people who could be some of the main beneficiaries of his program. “Between Two Ferns” has now entered into the legions of media outlets such as The Daily Show, The Huffington Post and Twitter as a means of communicating ideas instantaneously to large audiences. Every day, progressive media outlets and social media are transforming the news that we hear about and the issues that we care about. The fundamental means of political communication and subsequently political dialogue have changed. For example, around a week ago #BerkinElvan started trending on Twitter. Berkin Elvan was a 14-year-old Turkish boy who was accidentally shot in the head with a tear gas canister while innocuously buying bread during protests last May in Istanbul. The impact left him in a coma for six months before he ultimately passed away. With crises and political movements all over the world from Ukraine to Venezuela, from Tibet to Ethiopia and from Mali to Syria, it is often hard to feel empathy with each new story. So a teenager died during protests? We’ve all heard that one before. After a few bombings, a few

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Lillie Reed is a Trinity senior. Her column is part of the weekly Socialites feature and runs every other Wednesday. Send Lillie a message on Twitter @LillieReed.

self-immolations and a few police crackdowns it can be difficult to not become cynical. Who cares about an individual tragedy? The world has a lot of problems, and systemic issues are more pressing for states, IGOs and NGOs to deal with anyway. But actually, #WhoCares. And across the world, from thousands of people’s computers, tablets and smart phones, comes a resounding answer: We do. The collective action problem about contemporary political issues can be overcome when Turks can tangibly see their posts being retweeted. Spreading aware-

ness can help make a lone tragedy more politically salient. The domestic outcry in Ankara and Istanbul provides another clearly visible instance of how social media assists in giving grassroots movements more influence. Protestors have been taking to the streets and expressing their discontent with the authority’s handling of the incident, and they are starting to attract the attention of the international community. With Turkey poised to enter an eightmonth election cycle, the ruling conservative Justice and Development Party is threatened by a movement which orchestrates much of its publicity through an internet website with a blue bird for a logo. The Anatolian country’s longstanding tradition of Democratic transitions should help the state avoid the strife seen several years ago in other countries in the volatile region. Even so, bottom-up demonstrations in the face of police brutality and allegations of corruption in government authority tell a story that someone savvy in current events knows is a recipe for conflict. Social media outlets like Twitter continue to transform how people, states and media interact. The story of Berkin Elvan is the most recent tragedy that has elicited emotional responses in people both in Turkey and around the globe. Individuals are likely going to continue to feel empowered and possess greater agency in their ability to influence current events. The world is more and more a global community. Events thousands of miles away don’t have the same degree of separation that they once did. Whenever one wonders why they should care about events halfway around the world, remember that there are millions of humans out there that do. #WeCare. Tyler Fredricks is a Trinity sophomore. His column runs every other Wednesday.


www.dukechronicle.com

12 | wednesday, march 19, 2014

The Baldwin Scholars Program presents

The Ninth Annual Event in the

Jean Fox O’Barr

Distinguished Speaker Series

m e n i e t S Gloriisat and Activist Femin

Tuesday, April 15 at 7:30p.m. Duke Chapel - Duke University Tickets will be available at the Duke University Box Office beginning March 17. Free for Duke students/faculty/staff; $10 for community members 919.684.4444 or tickets.duke.edu Co-sponsored by the Muglia Family, Women’s Studies, the Women’s Center, and Omega Phi Beta Sorority, Inc.

The Chronicle

March 19, 2014  
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