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ONE ONE HUNDRED HUNDRED AND AND EIGHTH NINTHYEAR, YEAR,ISSUE ISSUEXXX 50

SPOILED HOMECOMING by daniel carp The ChroniCle

ChiCAGo—Freshman phenom Jabari Parker put on a show in the first half of his second collegiate game, but it was Andrew Wiggins who had the last laugh. in a matchup that featured the two top-ranked recruits in this year’s freshman class, no. 5 Kansas outlasted no. 4 Duke 94-83 at the United Center in Chicago. Parker led the Blue Devils with 27 points and nine rebounds. “he’s the best player in the country to me,” Duke point guard Quinn Cook said of his freshman teammate. “he does it all every day in practice. he’s done it in all our games, and we’re used to it. he’s a big-time player.” Parker put his versatility on display throughout the first half, driving to the lane and knocking down shots from the perimeter en route to 19 of the Blue Devils’ 42 first-half points.

But no play caught the attention of his hometown crowd more than his one-handed alley-oop slam in the opening minutes of the second half. After missing his first three shots from the floor and subbing out of the game early, Parker caught fire upon his return, scoring seven points in the span of 14 seconds to give Duke (1-1) an offensive spark and open up a 17-15 lead. The Blue Devils struggled to contain Kansas’ sizable front line throughout the night and were outrebounded by the Jayhawks 39-24. Kansas (2-0) forward Perry ellis was a difficult matchup for Parker on the defensive end all night. ellis scored a team-high 24 points for the Jayhawks, including a four-point spurt in the second half that was capped off by a dunk with 13:19 to play that cut Duke’s lead to 56-55. Duke left points at the charity See bASkeTbALL, page 9

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Duke researchers look to crack Duke Campus Farm worried down on airport security lines about impacts of an FDA act by Kirby Wilson The ChroniCle

A group of Duke researchers are trying to make lengthy airport security lines a thing of the past. researchers at the University aim to replace the current body-imaging millimeter wave scanners found at airports with machines that can recognize the chemical composition of substances in luggage without requiring people to stop or even wait in line.

The project, funded by the United States Department of homeland Security, hopes to put this technology in airports in as few as three years. instead of machines that scan people individually, there would be a corridor lined with sensors that could scan for illegal substances, said researcher lawrence Carin, a professor of electrical and computer engineering. he See TSA, page 10

by Georgia Parke The ChroniCle

Farmers and consumers both locally and nationally are voicing concerns over the upcoming implementation of the Food Safety Modernization Act. The act, which was passed in 2010 by Congress and signed into law by President Barack obama in 2011, contains a major food safety reform laws regulated by the Food and Drug Administration.

The act aims to increase safety for the growing and processing of fruits and vegetables, but many farms and sustainability activists are criticizing the changes for punishing farmers who use sustainable and organic methods. The Duke Campus Farm is one of the food producers that would be affected by the changes. Campus Farm manager See CAMPUS FARM, page 12

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2 | WEDNESDAY, NOVMEBER 13, 2013

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DSG preps to reintroduce First Congolese bonobo bike sharing program researcher to visit Duke by Patricia Spears

by Shangnon Fei

The Chronicle

Just months after the University disbanded the Duke Bikes loaner program, Duke Student Government is preparing to introduce a bike sharing program to campus. In late August, 65 bikes from the bike loaner program, run by the Outpost, were auctioned off at the Arts Annex, where they were moved during the West Union renovations. The bike loaner program, which was hosted in the basement of the West Union, was not cancelled due to lack of student interest, but rather the expense, inaccessibility and difficulty in managing the program, said DSG President Stefani Jones, a senior. Although the new program will be run by DSG, they were not involved with the decision to cancel the old program. “It was a surprise to us,” Jones said. The end of this program prompted DSG to begin working on a new program that would be more accessible to students and more focused on environmental sustainability. Junior Raymond Wang used loaned bikes to travel off-campus on three occasions. “I definitely miss it,” Wang said of the old bike program. DSG gathered student input through surveys emailed to the student body, which sophomore Lavanya Sunder, DSG vice president for services, said helped determine the needs of the bike-using community. Sixty percent of students who responded to the survey said they would use loaned bikes instead of cars between campuses, Sunder said. Seventy percent said they liked the idea of a free bike program. The new program, which Sunder compared to Citi Bike—a bike-sharing program in New York City—differs greatly in structure from the old system. Under the new system, students will be able to access bikes from more central locations using a code given to them online or through a mobile app. After finishing their ride, they can return them to any rack location around campus. Bikes will be equipped with their own U-locks. Sunder estimated that there would be

The Chronicle

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A new bike sharing program is currently being set up by DSG.

three to four central racks with 25 bikes on each rack. The new program will be flexible, allowing students the freedom to borrow a bike on short notice to travel between campuses or offcampus. The off-campus option was important for Wang, who used the bikes mostly to go out into Durham. DSG has chosen to work with Zagster, a bike sharing company that works with hotels, businesses, apartments and other universities, including Yale University. Zagster—which uses United Nations approved protocols for measuring carbon reduction—appealed to DSG because it is the only company that shows bike users the reduction in their carbon footprint. The campus has received recognition as a ‘Bicycle Friendly University’ from the League of American Bicyclists. This “Bronze” designation was awarded in March 2012, recognizing efforts to increase road safety using wide shoulders, bike lanes and shared lane marking on major campus roads. It also recognized incentives for professors and graduate students to bike to campus. DSG members are optimistic about the See bike, page 10

When assistant professor of evolutionary anthropology Brian Hare first traveled to the Democratic Republic of Congo in 2004 to study bonobos, he had no idea that a chance encounter with a young master’s candidate would cause a paradigm shift in bonobo research. The subject of this story is Suzy Kwetuenda, who is the first native Congolese scientist to ever conduct bonobo research,. She visited Durham this week to deliver a presentation to the Department of Evolutionary Anthropology. Bonobos are a species of primate that, like the common chimpanzee, are one of the closest living photo courtesy of evan maclean relatives of humans. Bonobos are only Suzy Kwetuenda will be visiting Duke to present found in the Democratic Republic of Con- her findings to the Department of Evolutionary go, and are in danger of extinction due Anthropology. to habitat destruction and commercial poaching. Kwetuenda researches bonobo behavior and sociality as a way to illumi- the animals’ behavior for her master’s thenate human behavior in an evolutionary sis. She conducted all of this work without context. affiliation with the sanctuary, receiving no “The way that Suzy met us is actually salary from them. quite a story,” said Jingzhi Tan, a postdoc“Every morning, she took a bus and toral associate in Hare’s lab. walked for two hours and 30 minutes to When Hare traveled to the Congo for get to this place, sat there and studied research, he encountered a Congolese bonobos, and traveled the same length girl taking notes outside of the enclosures. back. She just did this on her own. For Kwetuenda was a master’s student in bi- free,” Tan said. ology at Kinshasa University at the time, Hare was so impressed with Kwetuenda which surprised the researchers because that he took her on as an intern in the gender equality is a problem in the Congo. Congo. She grew more and more involved “In my country, the custom is that most both with Hare’s research and with conwomen are there just to give birth and to servation and research efforts at Lola ya take care of the house,” Kwetuenda said Bonobo, until eventually Hare decided to of the barriers to scientific achievement hire Kwetuenda as his field research coorshe faced in the Congo. “Sometimes I call dinator and to train her in psychology. myself like a river, because I’m a fighting Kwetuenda said this training was inwoman, very curious, very passionate, who valuable in furthering her understanding just wants to learn and to help humanity of the bonobos under her care at the sancto learn.” tuary. This curiosity was evident from the “I’m very lucky to have been trained in moment Kwetuenda and Hare met. At psychology because it has helped me to the time that Hare came to the Congo to understand better how to think of each conduct research at Lola ya Bonobo, the bonobo as an individual,” she said. “I’m in world’s only sanctuary for orphaned bono- charge of bonobo care and conservation bos, Kwetuenda had already been spending every day at the sanctuary observing See Bonobo, page 10

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WEDNESDAY, NOVMEBER 13, 2013 | 3

The original Redditor discusses the Internet to students by Ray Li

The Chronicle

The man who invented reddit wants everybody to follow their dreams. Reddit co-founder Alexis Ohanian gave a talk Tuesday at the Fuqua School of Business to promote his newly released book, ‘Without Their Permission: How the 21st Century Will be Made, Not Managed.’ He discussed his experience running a startup that now accumulates more than 81 million views per month and provided words of encouragement to potential entrepreneurs. “If you wanted to change the world in the Industrial Revolution you had to open a factory,” Ohanian said. “If you want to change it during the Internet revolution all you have to do is open a laptop.” Ohanian invited students on stage to pitch their current entrepeneurial projects. One student showcased a mobile cartoon creator app named “dubbit.” “We’ve only had one effort to demonstrate a live demo on this whole own tour...and it was an epic failure,” Ohanian said. “That’s proving so much of what I want to show with this book.” Ohanian detailed his own humble beginnings as a middle school student who had recently discovered how to create websites. He began building websites free of charge for non-profit organizations he encountered on message boards that were unaware he was only a student. He described the experience as world-changing. “Once I got a taste for what it was like to actually make someone’s day with something I created and an idea I had, it was like a drug,” Ohanian said. He went on to study computer science

at the University of Virginia with reddit cofounder Steve Huffman and called the ability to code the most important skill of the century, adding that he had never seen a skill so valuable and so freely available to learn. Ohanian and Huffman created the idea for reddit in the midst of an LSAT

In addition, Ohanian explained the advantages provided to the younger generation by growing up with the internet and understanding its language fundamentally, peppering his speech with constant references to pop culture and various memes. “We understand it in a way that the

philip catterall/the chronicle

Alexis Ohanian, a co-founder of reddit, promoted his book at a talk held by the Fuqua School of Business Tuesday evening.

prep course. From then on, the pair worked long hours under the guidance of Y Combinator programmer Paul Graham to make their vision a reality, encountering multiple major failures along the way. “You always hear about the overnight success, but none of that is true,” Ohanian said. “Sucking is the first step to be sort of good at something. Just look at the first Iron Man suit.”

Generational Equity:

incumbents don’t,” Ohanian said. “They merely adopted the internet—we were born in it, molded by it.” He provided multiple examples of individuals who achieved what would have been impossible without the Internet, including an elementary school teacher who raised half a million dollars in just a few weeks of fundraising. Ohanian even took the opportunity

to start a live Google Hangout with Duke alumni Kathryn Minshew, Trinity ‘08, who became a consultant after graduating but felt unsatisfied. She then created The Muse, a popular career advice and job search website. Minshew shared many of her personal opinions on entrepreneurship, including the belief that more individuals should allow themselves to take risks. “Don’t push yourself to have it all figured out,” Minshew said. “When you’re young you have that chance to say, ‘what’s the worst that could happen?’” Audience members accepted the advice, especially those with similar goals. Maria Klushina, a student at the Nicholas School of the Environment, said she is interested in using technology to improve society and is currently developing an app that uses photography to track environmental changes. “You will start off and you will not know anything,” Klushina said. “Everyone will think you’re crazy. That’s when you know it’s a good idea.” Ohanian’s presentation literally ended with a bang—his final words were accompanied by the firing of a t-shirt gun into the audience. “If we can live up to its fullest potential, the internet will allow every single person here to live up to their fullest potential to be awesome,” Ohanian said. He concluded by extending an invitation for the students to join him at Shooters II, where he would be spending part of his night.

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4 | WEDNESDAY, NOVMEBER 13, 2013

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GRADUATE SCHOOL COVERAGE

Law students apply knowledge to help low-resource areas in the South The ChroniCle

Students can go on spring in Miami, Fla. and new orleans, la. through a School of law program. every year, the law School sends as many as 42 students across the southern United States during Spring Break to put their newly-acquired legal knowledge to work for nonprofit organizations and government agencies. The program—Southern Justice Spring Break Trips—allows law students to gain pro bono experience as early as their first year. Students can then continue to participate every year throughout their law education. The program began in 2002 as an idea from then-law student Jennifer Sikes, law ‘03, initiating trips to the equal Justice initiative in Montgomery, Ala. and the Appalachian Citizens law Center in Whitesburg, Ky. in the eleven years since, the program has expanded to Miami, Fla., Atlanta, Ga., new orleans, la., Biloxi and Jackson, Miss. and Pembroke, n.C. “it’s not just important for the law students to gain experience—it’s important for the communities we’re serving,” said Kim Burrucker, director of public interest and pro bono at the law School. “We select low-resource locations in the south, where students get hands-on training with a lot of different aspects of the law.” Burrucker noted that students often do not get much practical experience in their first and second years of law school, but the Southern Justice trips allow them to expand on and apply the theoretical knowledge that they’ve already gained in the classroom. “especially as a first- and second-year student, the courses are very theoretical, which makes it easy to lose sight of the practical,” said Michael D’ippolito iii, a second-year law student who participated this past spring. “This program allows you to apply skills you’ve learned at a very early time, so you don’t have to wait until you’re a more advanced student or until you graduate.” Although the annual program lasts only one week, Burrucker said the law School has built a strong rapport

with these organizations over the past decade so that when students arrive, there is work waiting for them and every available hour is used to the fullest. “The organizations that typically take students for the Southern Justice Spring Break Trip are often incredibly overworked and are more than willing to give students as much responsibility as they can handle,” second-year law student Jake Unger said. D’ippolito said that the experience opened his eyes to the complexities of the legal system, especially regarding the rights of juveniles. he worked with the Juvenile Justice Program of louisiana to go through letters from prisoners who had been convicted as minors to serve life sentences in order to determine who would be eligible for parole. “We were getting 50- and 60-year-old people saying that they are different people now than they were when they were convicted at 15,” D’ippolito said. “We were able to advocate for them, and it was a really rewarding experience.” raul Mendoza, a second-year student who participated in the new orleans Juvenile Justice program in 2013, said that he chose to work on this project because it allowed him to reconnect with the work he had done in new orleans as a teacher before going to law school. “having worked [in new orleans] for two years, i understood how disadvantaged they had been,” Mendoza said. “Working with Juvenile Justice helped me see the flip side, how the legal system affects the rights of students, like those i had worked with.” Several other law schools participate in similar alternative spring break trips, including new York University School of law, Sturm College of law, George Washington University law School, northwestern University law School and Yale law School. Burrucker noted that the program may expand to Fall and Winter breaks as well. however, she doubts that these will become as popular as the spring break trip because students are more engaged in academic responsibilities at those times of the year.

HOME TOWN HERO!

by Hayley Trainer

‘Through Our Eyes’

ABBy FArLey/the chronicle

Seven young emerging Colombian artists showcased their perspectives on environmental issues and social justice at a colloquium.

the

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WEDNESDAY, NOVMEBER 13, 2013 | 5

GPSC board member elected to National Grad. School Org.

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GRADUATE SCHOOL COVERAGE

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Board members discuss improving family attendance at home basketball games.

by Gautam Hathi The ChroniCle

Student health insurance Manager Anna Kenyon discussed changes to graduate student healthcare policy following the Affordable Care Act at the Graduate and Professional Student Council meeting Tuesday night. open enrollment begins Friday for the University’s insurance plan, which is now ACA-compliant. But Kenyon warned that obtaining a plan from the ACA marketplace would not guarantee a waiver from Duke’s student health insurance plan. “if you’re looking for an alternative plan, [even though] there are a lot of plans that are out there in that marketplace website, or a lot of companies that are offering cheap plans, just remember that we still need to meet the waiver crite-

ria,” Kenyon said. in addition, GPSC president Amol Yadav, a fourth-year Ph.D. candidate in biomedical engineering, discussed the use of graduate and professional student activity fees. he noted that Duke allots a certain amount of this funding to programming at the primarily undergraduate-run Duke University Union. But, at the national Association of Graduate and Professional Schools conference, he found that many other graduate and professional schools do not give any of their activities fees to undergraduate organizations. Following this statement, some GPSC members questioned the need to give graduate and professional funds to DUU. See GPSC, page 12

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WEDNESDAY, NOVMEBER 13, 2013 | 7

Religious leaders discuss mental health and perfection by Katie Becker The ChroniCle

A panel comprised of campus religious leaders and medical experts discussed the connections between faith and mental well-being at an event Tuesday evening. The panelists shared their perspectives on mental health and how they feel faith and medicine should relate when addressing mental health problems. The event—entitled “Faith and Mental WellBeing”—was presented by the Undergraduate Faith Council and moderated by Christy lohr Sapp, associate dean for religious life. Panel members represented a wide variety of faiths and backgrounds and used their experiences to emphasize the diversity of opinions in their fields. “if you are the person people turn to for support, oftentimes, your own vulnerabilities are not welcome anymore,” Muslim chaplain Abdullah Antepli said. “People come to you and expect you to have it figured out. Clergy rates of depression are much higher than the national average.” Antepli discussed the mental health struggles faced by religious leaders and mental health experts, adding that he would describe many chaplains and imams as “wounded healers.” hindu chaplain Madhu Sharma noted that many faith leaders do not want to seek professional mental help for fear that doing so will be interpreted as a sign of weakness. in addition, the panel addressed the issue of striving for perfection, a topic particularly relevant for college students faced with the phenomenon of perceived

SoPHiA PALeNBerG/the chronicle

The interfaith panel on Mental wellbeing featured religious leaders from campus as well as representatives from CAPS, such as Gary Glass, pictured above.

“effortless perfection.” Sharma said that seeking perfection is an issue she encounters often in her community. She added that hindus believe people are made next to God and can be perfect and godlike. Gary Glass, associate director for out-

TIKSI

The Anthony J. Drexel Biddle, Jr. Lecture on International Studies

Tiksi

AN EXHIBITION BY EVGENIA ARBUGAEVA September 16, 2013-January 11, 2014 Center for Documentary Studies Porch and University Galleries 1317 West Pettigrew Street Durham, NC 27705

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Center for International Studies

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dukeinternational.org/tiksi

reach and developmental programming for Counseling and Psychological Services, said striving for perfection can be harmful because it can never be achieved. “You cannot achieve perfection, but that is not because of your inadequacy,” Glass said. “You cannot achieve perfection be-

cause, from a faith perspective, that would be becoming God. ...From a spiritual perspective, God is infinite, and we’re never going to catch up.” Kinghorn responded with a Christian theological viewpoint on the idea of perfection. According to the doctrine of original sin, no one lives a perfect life because all are in need of God’s grace. All of the panelists stressed the importance of community support in dealing with mental health. “if you’re hurting, find someone you love, find someone you trust. You don’t want to hurt alone,” Glass said. The importance of a faith community can also be applicable to Duke students, said Warren Kinghorn, assistant professor of psychiatry and pastoral and moral theology. “Duke is not the whole world, your job is not the whole world, the relationship that you’re in is not the whole world,” Kinghorn said. “Those things are important, but there’s a larger reality there for you. Faith can help you remember that.” Undergraduate Faith Council member hannah Ward, a senior who helped plan the event, said she was pleased with how it played out. “This is a great event that is really pertinent to many students here at Duke,” Ward said. “it sets a great precedent for future conversations on the incorporation of faith and mental well-being, which we often separate in our minds.” Freshman Bryce McAteer, a PathWays Chapel scholar, echoed Ward’s statement, adding that the emphasis on perfection resonated with him. See WeLL-beinG, page 12


8 | WEDNESDAY, NOVMEBER 13, 2013

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Pratt receives $15 million for nano particle research by Carleigh Stiehm The Chronicle

George Washington would not have beThe University received a $15-million grant to continue research about nanoparticles, according to a Duke News press release. The grant—funded by the National Science Foundation and the United States Environmental Protection Agency—will allow researchers to continue learning about where nanoparticles accumulate, how they interact with other chemicals and how they affect the environment, the release stated. This research will occur at the Center for Environmental Implications of NanoTechnology—which, after being founded in 2008, has been studying the effects of nonmaterial exposure on organisms and ecosystems. The center is headquartered at the Pratt School of

Engineering. “As we look to the next five years, we will be evaluating more complex nanomaterials in more realistic natural environments such as agricultural lands and water treatment systems where these materials are likely to be found,” Mark Wiesner, director of CEINT, said in the release. In the past five years, CEINT has had many revolutionary discoveries such as finding that naturally occurring nanomaterials outnumber engineered particles and that engineered nanoparticles change once they enter the environment and can cause environmental stress. In addition, they found that nanoparticles can be visualized even in complex environmental samples and that it is possible to estimate current and future volume of engineered nanomaterials.

The Chronicle

Early decision applications up by 26 percent by Staff Reports The Chronicle

The number of early decisions applicants rose 26 percent from last year, according to a press release from Duke News. In 2012, the University received 2,540 applications for its binding early decision program. This year, that number jumped to 3,191. Not only is this the highest number of early applicants ever received, it also represents the highest increase in a single year, the release reported. “We’re very pleased with this increase in interest in Duke,” Christoph Guttentag, dean of undergraduate admissions, said in the release.

Because the early process is binding, students must be prepared to enroll if they are accepted. “It’s not always easy for students to be ready to make this level of commitment to a college so early in their senior year,” Guttentag said in the release. “The breadth of the pool this year reflects an understanding of the value of a Duke education and the Duke experience among a wide range of students.” Of the early applicants last year, 753 were admitted. This group comprised 44 percent of the total incoming class. Early decision applicants can expect to learn their admissions results in midDecember.

Pendergast

victor ye/the chronicle

John Prendergast, a human rights activist and best-selling author, is the co-founder of the Enough Project. He gave a talk at the Franklin Humanities Institute Garage at Smith Warehouse Monday, and will be speaking at the same venue throughout the week.


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WEDNESDAY, NOVMEBER 13, 2013 | 9

HSA and JYOTI Present

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TSA

from page 1

said that the change would make travel more secure and convenient. “[The technology] should have a huge impact on speed and on safety,” Carin said. The innovations would cut down on lines in several ways, for example making it so that travelers do not have to take laptops or liquids out of their bags, said David Brady, the head of the project and Michael J. Fitzpatrick Professor of electrical and computer engineering. Jeff Glass, a professor of electrical and computer engineering and director of the Pratt School’s master of engineering management and entrepreneurship, said that the system could be utilized in places other than airports as well. “If you go to visit Congress or a federal building, you could go through similar scanners,” he said. “The goal here is to avoid that bottleneck.” There are significant hurdles to a largescale implementation of a new airport security system, said David Schanzer, associate professor of the practice for public policy. “Logistically, we have invested billions in the infrastructure in the airport,” he said. “Any change that would require a different infrastructure would be a big cost.” Schanzer said that although the current infrastructure would be difficult to replace, the technology could be seen as a politically popular long term cost-cutting measure. “If we needed fewer [Transportation Security Administration agents], that would be seen as a good way for Homeland Security to cut costs,” he said. “Congress would welcome this.” Carin said that as engineers, his team was more focused on the technology rather than the political implications. He added, though, that he believed the system would be better for travelers in many respects, in-

The Chronicle

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10 | WEDNESDAY, NOVMEBER 13, 2013

cluding privacy. Researchers from other institutions are impressed with the work being done at Duke. “It’s cutting-edge. It’s great work,” said Michael Silevitch, a professor of electrical and computer engineering at Northeastern University, who works on similar technologies. Glass said that although it would be nice to perfect the technology at Duke, it is more important for the University to contribute to the larger national effort to improve airport security. “If an instrument uses our components, that’s as much a win as if we develop the whole instrument,” he said. “What’s important is that we show that we are leaders in this field.” Glass said that the technology is on track to be implemented in airports in three years, but it will take longer to set up systems in other locations. Carin said that he too was optimistic, but that he knew there would be challenges ahead. “We’ll get it done, but it’s not going to be easy,” he said.

bike

from page 2

timeline of implementing the new program. Both Sunder and Jones have received positive feedback on their work. “We met with key administrators and they really liked the idea of the program, and we’re taking the first official steps,” Sunder said.

bonobo from page 2 at Lola ya Bonobo because I know each and every bonobo. I’m like a link between one species and the other.” Kwetuenda’s insight into the bonobo

mind enabled her to, in collaboration with Hare, design and conduct the first experiment to show that bonobos are capable of sharing—a trait that was previously thought to be unique to humans. Even Hare initially thought this result was impossible. Previous research into other nonhuman primates indicated that nonhuman primates were exclusively competitive and incapable of displaying cooperation as is found in humans. “Even for chimpanzee mother-offspring relationships, the infant will only get the food that the mother doesn’t want. So we were like, ‘There’s no way that we can find bonobos that can share,’” Tan said. “Brian Hare didn’t believe this could happen, and Suzy said, ‘No, you’re wrong. Let me show you. We can do this.’” The results were published in Current Biology in 2010, showing that bonobos did in fact readily share their food with others. “It was just mind-blowing.” Tan said. “We’d been studying bonobos for years and still didn’t believe that any nonhuman animal could do this. Suzy knows bonobos better than any of us as researchers.” Beyond a pure scientific curiosity into the inner life of the bonobo, Kwetuenda’s research also holds an immediate practical necessity in her work as the leader of the ongoing effort by Lola ya Bonobo to release bonobos from the sanctuary back into the wild. This is the first project of its kind in history. “The next step in bonobo conservation will be to assess their ability to become wild again after years in captivity—how they survive, how well they remember their skills,” Kwetuenda said. Kwetuenda serves as both the manager of the bonobo release project and as the science director of the sanctuary. Her research, she said, is crucial to assessing how well bonobos will adapt to the wild. Kwetuenda maintains, however, that

the most difficult part of her project lies in convincing the Congolese public that they should care about bonobo conservation. “[Bonobo release] is very challenging because we need to educate people in the surrounding area …about other ways of life that don’t involve killing bonobos. They still get everything they need to survive from the forest. This keeps bonobos in danger because they are still victims of meat trafficking,” Kwetuenda said. “This will be the most difficult part of the project. Because these people are still very poor, they still need some way to survive.” However, clear signs of progress are already being seen, she said. For example, some people from a nearby area brought an orphan bonobo to the sanctuary, whereas in previous years they might have eaten it. She said that is an example of the community getting involved in the cause and the education project’s goals being met. “As with any work involving endangered species, it’s essential that people in the habitat country embrace the effort to protect and understand these amazing animals,” said Evan MacLean, a senior research scientist of evolutionary anthropology. “Suzy is the first Congolese woman to study bonobo psychology and is an ambassador for this work. She can connect with Congolese communities vital to bonobo conservation and educate Congolese youth about this species in ways that are impossible for researchers outside the DRC.” For Kwetuenda, though, her groundbreaking work as a scientist and conservationist is foremost an act of love. “I fell in love with bonobos the first time I met them,” Kwetuenda said. “It’s more a passion than a job. So I really understand the importance of that, and I will need that in the future in order to have a big impact on my country. That is what motivates me.”

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GPSC from page 5

WeLL-beinG from page 7

In other business: Patrick Killela, co-chair of GPSC’s basketball committee, said the number of family games offered this year will increase from two to six. The number has been increased in hopes of garnering higher attendance from graduate student families. Student life co-chairs Tiffany Wilson and Ben Shellhorn discussed the results of a recent student life survey. The survey attempted to determine whether graduate and professional students were taking advantage of events put on by GPSC and whether they were satisfied with them. Shellhorn said many of the events had relatively low attendance. “We found that one of the top reasons is that generally, graduate students are busy,” Shellhorn said. Many graduate and professional students requested on the survey that GPSC hold events they were already hosting. “We’re happy to hear that people are requesting events that we already do,” Shellhorn said. Yadav announced that Shanna lehrer, a GPSC executive Board member, was elected as chair of the legislative Concerns Committee of the national Association of Graduate and Professional Students. The committee works to develop a legislative platform and lobby members of Congress on issues relevant to graduate and professional students. “one of the biggest concerns from members of Congress from the last [legislative action days] is that graduate and professional students are not as vocal as their undergraduate counterparts,” lehrer said. “Something that’s really important is that we construct a very uniform platform regarding our particular concerns.”

“Understanding that we can be vulnerable, that we can be weak and that at times we may fail, but that things will be okay is the most comforting but also the most profound truth that many students are still struggling to hear,” McAteer said. Junior rachael Clark said the event was unique in that it presented a wide range of perspectives. “A lot of times, events at Duke have the label of ‘interfaith,’ but it’s not inclusive of a lot of the faith traditions that are at Duke,” Clark said. “i really enjoyed the combination of all of the different faith groups represented, as well as looking at the topic from religious and biomedical perspectives, and how all of those things can work together.”

CAMPUS FARM from page 1 emily Sloss noted specifically the changes to compost procedures that the law ushers in and the harm this would cause to the Campus Farm. Under the law, farmers must leave compost that minimizes contact with produce—which the Campus Farm uses for its produce—on land for a minimum of 45 days before the plants are harvested, or use compost that has been chemically treated. “You would be penalized by growing food organically, when it should give more incentive to go without chemicals,” Sloss said. The Campus Farm produces vegetables such as cabbages and radishes that remain in the ground for much shorter time period than the new requirement stipulates, and Sloss said that produce such as microgreens would take as little

The Fannie Mitchell

as 10 days to produce. The legislation would require the Campus Farm to put the compost on fields for an extended period before planting, limiting the amount of land they could use. “it would make a lot of our land unusable for parts of the year,” Sloss said. “it would decrease our productivity.” The law also states that farmers will be required to “wait an adequate amount of time between grazing and harvesting… to ensure the safety of the harvested crop” after animals may have contaminated the produce. it also requires farms to implement preventative measures against hazards brought by working animals such as draft horses and to monitor before and during the growing season for animal intrusion—all to prevent pathogens from being transmitted onto fruits and vegetables through animal feces. Sloss called these conservation expectations unrealistic, noting that the presence of the Duke Forest is a natural habitat for small rodents and other mammals that are beneficial to the ecosystem. She argued that the law could be harmful not only to the farms but also to the areas surrounding them. “We don’t want these rules to encourage people to try to get rid of these natural wildlife areas,” she said. Sloss also noted that the cost involved with adapting to the new regulations is also a point of contention. According to a national Sustainable Agriculture Coalition web fact sheet, the costs for compliance for a very small farm would be about six percent of average annual gross sales, or $4,697. For a small farm, the cost would be $12,972 per year, or four percent of gross sales, and for a large farm $30,566 or one percent. “The regulations and costs that would

go into enforcing this to be certified—it would be crazy. it would be so much to enforce all of this,” she said. “As it is now, we don’t have to be certified by any third party. once you have that it gets expensive very quickly.” The critiques of the legislation by farmers such as Sloss will not be lost, however, the FDA is accepting comments and suggestions until Friday. Sarah hackney, grassroots director for the national Sustainable Agriculture Coalition, said the organization is working to funnel those comments through to the FDA before the deadline. A team of farmers, researchers and analysts have been parsing the rules since January, hackney said, to evaluate the impact the rules would have on farms. “our comments are heavily influenced by farmers. We by no means can speak for everyone,” hackney said. She said the coalition has been in touch with the FDA extensively to provide perspective from farmers directly, and she said the FDA has been “reasonably” receptive, though they “really do want to hear from folks.” The priorities they are emphasizing are to allow farmers to continue to use sustainable farming practices, to avoid stifling or targeting innovative efforts and to treat farms fairly with due process in enforcing the rules. Farms such as the one on Duke’s campus, she said, are relatively small and may not have been considered when the law was written by the agency. Thus it is even more critical that similar farms respond through the nSAC to explain why the new rules will not benefit them. “That’s part of being an engaged citizen,” hackney said. “You have a say in how the federal government develops rules.

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THE BLUE ZONE

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THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 7, 2013

FOOTBALL

THE BATTLE FOR N.C. BEGINS Blue Devils host N.C. State in 1st of 3 in-state matchups in November by Zac Elder THE CHRONICLE

Remember, remember, the month of November. Fresh off an undefeated October, the Blue Devils will head NC State into the final month of the regular season vs. looking to improve Duke upon a 1-19 November record during head coach David SATURDAY, 4 p.m. Wallace Wade Stadium Cutcliffe’s five years at the helm. When Duke welcomes crosstown foe N.C. State to Wallace Wade Stadium Saturday at 4 p.m., the Blue Devils will have a chance to pick up their seventh win of the season—securing a winning record for the first time since 1994. “Win or lose, it’s still the best part of college football,” Cutcliffe said about the final month of the regular season. “It’s never easy, but it’s not supposed to be easy. It’s not for the average teams. We want to do something special, and we know what we have to do. Whether we will or won’t, that’s anybody’s guess right now.” Not only are the Blue Devils (6-2, 2-2 in the ACC) trying to improve their standing for potential bowl bids, but they are also trying to assert themselves as North Carolina’s premier football team. Last year Duke won both of its conference matchups against

sports

CHRONICLE FILE PHOTO

Quarterback Anthony Boone scored a touchdown last season against in-state rival North Carolina and anticipates a similar atmosphere this weekend against N.C. State. in-state rivals, defeating Wake Forest and North Carolina. Three of the Blue Devils’ last four games this year are against in-state opponents, starting with the Wolfpack. “It’s a big game for us for lots of reasons, but mostly because it’s a crosstown rival,” Cutcliffe said. “I think it’s fun for the fanbases to have this opportunity, for both

FIELD HOCKEY

schools, to have this game.” Duke enters Saturday’s matchup on a four-game win streak, and the Wolfpack (3-5, 0-5) are on a four-game losing streak. Plagued by injuries, especially on the offensive side of the ball, N.C. State is winless in conference play and only has two wins against FBS teams.

Quarterback Brandon Mitchell broke his foot in the Wolfpack’s season opener against Louisiana Tech and missed five games before returning to action against Florida State two weeks ago. But Mitchell has looked out of sync since his return, throwing two picks and no touchdowns against the Seminoles and then again against North Carolina last week. Backup Pete Thomas threw for more than 1,300 yards in Mitchell’s stead, completing 60.8 percent of his passes. Duke will most likely see a combination of Mitchell and Thomas Saturday. Although struggles at quarterback and injuries to key wide receivers Bryan Underwood and Johnathan Alston have hampered the Wolfpack offense, N.C. State’s running game has found some success. The Wolfpack averages 184.1 rushing yards per game. But N.C. State only scores 23 points per game despite its success on the ground. One bright spot for the Wolfpack this year has been its special teams, especially its kicking game. Junior Niklas Slade has hit 17-of-19 field goal attempts and has only one miss from inside 50 yards. “Their place kicker is tremendous,” Cutcliffe said. “Their punter is doing a good job. They’re second in the conference in punt returns. They’re doing a lot of things really well there.” The Blue Devils took advantage of a bye See FOOTBALL, page 13

MEN’S BASKETBALL

Duke seeks revenge on Hairston named captain UVA in ACC tournament by Daniel Carp THE CHRONICLE

by Brian Mazur THE CHRONICLE

With the stakes higher than ever, the Blue Devils hope to avenge a loss that they suffered earlier in the season. Fourth-seeded Duke will travel to Boston this week for the ACC tournament and will face fifth-seeded Virginia Thursday morning at No. 5 Virginia 11 a.m. The Blue Devils vs. have historically struggled against the CavaNo. 4 liers, going 1-8 against Duke them since 2007, inTHURSDAY, 11 a.m. cluding back-to-back Newton FH Complex ACC tournament losses in 2009 and 2010. Duke lost to Virginia 4-3 earlier this season in Charlottesville, Va. “[Virginia] is a great offensive team,” head coach Pam Bustin said. “But part of that was some of the breakdowns and mistakes that we created. We learned from that and we know some of their tendencies now so hopefully we

can match that with some better defensive organization and quicker transitional play.” In its Oct. 18 meeting with the Cavaliers, Duke (13-5, 3-3 in the ACC) fell behind early as Virginia (15-4, 3-3) forward Elly Buckley scored three early goals. But the Blue Devils fought back and cut the Virginia lead to just one goal late in the game. Duke, however, could not convert on a couple of late opportunities and dropped its second straight ACC game. With the game lingering in the players’ minds, they will look to down the Cavaliers on a bigger stage. To do so, they will have to overcome the habitual slow starts the team has experienced this season, including last weekend against Maryland when the Blue Devils found themselves down 3-0 at halftime. Duke has played strong non-conference opponents this year, such as No. 10 Stanford and No. 9 Princeton, in addition to a grueling See FIELD HOCKEY, page 13

Senior forward Josh Hairston has been added as a team captain for Duke this year, the team announced in a press release Wednesday afternoon. Hairston will join classmate Tyler Thornton and redshirt sophomore Rodney Hood as the Blue Devils’ captains for the 201314 season. “Josh is certainly deserving of being one of our captains this year,” Duke head coach Mike Krzyzewski JOSH HAIRSTON said in a press release. Duke basketball captain “He has been an excellent player for us and a leader during his first three years. He is someone that has supported his teammates about as well as anybody and our players look to him for that support. With Josh joining Tyler [Thornton] and Rodney [Hood], we have three youngsters that form a great leadership team.”

Hairston averaged 2.6 points and 2.1 rebounds in 12.7 minutes per game last season. He appeared in 35 of Duke’s 36 games and made six starts in place of injured forward Ryan Kelly. The senior is expected to the first forward off the bench for the Blue Devils this season when the team kicks off its new season Friday against Davidson at Cameron Indoor Stadium. “It is a blessing and a dream come true,” Hairston said. “I’ve dreamed of being a captain on a Duke basketball team. I am very grateful to Coach K and our coaching staff, as well as my teammates for this amazing opportunity.” The Fredricksburg, Va., native is known as one of the Blue Devils’ most fiery competitors, taking a team-leading 20 charges last season. After being passed up when Krzyzewski named his first two captains in September, Hairston said he did not allow that decision to alter the way he performed on the practice floor. When Krzyzewski called a team meeting Tuesday night to discuss the Blue Devils’ See HAIRSTON, page 13


14 | WEDNESDAY, NOVMEBER 13, 2013

MEN’S SOCCER

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No luck with the Irish

Duke knocked out of ACC tourney after 2nd loss in South Bend by Staff Reports THE CHRONICLE

Duke’s Cinderella story has come to an end—for now. After leaping up three spots in conference rankings in their last two games to secure a spot in the ACC tournament, the seventh-seeded Blue Devils fell to second-seeded and top-ranked Notre Dame 1-0 Tuesday night in the first round at South Bend, Indiana. Duke now awaits selections for the NCAA tournament, which will be revealed Nov. 18. Although the Fighting Irish (12-1-5, 7-1-3 in the ACC), controlled the pace for much of the game, they struggled to find holes in the Duke (8-5-6, 3-3-5) defense. The absence of sophomore Zack Mathers, who has been a major defensive presence for the Blue Devils this season, was sorely felt. Mathers was ineligible to play against Notre Dame after receiving a red card in the Blue Devils’ regular season closer last Friday against Clemson. Still, Duke’s defense, coming off a 194-minute 26-second shutout streak, was able to keep up with the Fighting Irish throughout the first half, fighting through frigid 25-degree temperatures. Late in the first half, senior defender Will Donovan managed to clear a ball before Notre Dame was able to complete a play in the final third. Redshirt senior goalkeeper Alex Long, who

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has recorded five shutouts over the course of the season, finished the game with six saves, bringing his season total to 77. Duke was able to sweep away all of Notre Dame’s attempts in the first period, but collected a stunning twelve fouls along the way. By the second half it was clear that this time Duke’s stout defense wouldn’t be able to carry the load for its anemic offensive output. After failing to record any shots on goal in the first half, the Blue Devils mustered only three in the second period. In contrast, the Fighting Irish came out reenergized and refocused after the break, exhibiting why they currently lead the ACC in average shots on goal per game. They attempted thirteen shots on goal in the second half alone. Notre Dame’s Patrick Hodan was finally able to break through in the 59th minute of the game off a free kick from Fighting Irish leading scorer Harrison Shipp. As the Blue Devils found themselves in a hole during the closing minutes of the game, they were able to attempt some of their best chances of the entire contest. Junior midfielder Sean Davis took a long range shot with twelve minutes remaining in regulation, but Notre Dame goalkeeper Patrick Wall intercepted it to keep the Fighting Irish in the lead. Davis then took a corner kick for the Blue Devils to attempt a game equalizer, but Duke committed a foul on Wall and was not able to gain the point.

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PHILL CATERALL/CHRONICLE FILE PHOTO

With senior Sebastien Ibeagha at center back, Duke kept Notre Dame from registering a shot on goal until the 55th minute Tuesday in South Bend, Ind. Duke and Notre Dame’s Sept. 27 contest played out much the same way, with the Blue Devils and Fighting Irish locked in a 1-1 defensively driven contest until Notre Dame fired off two successful shots in the closing minutes

of the game to end with a 3-1 victory. In the latest release of the RPI, Duke ranked 42nd, and the tournament takes 48 teams from across the nation. Last season, the Blue Devils did not receive an NCAA bid.

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play that cut Duke’s lead to 56-55. Duke left points at the charity stripe the entire night. The Blue Devils made just 16-of-28 free throws, including a miss by Rasheed Sulaimon with 4:23 to play that would have given the Duke guard a three-point play and have tied the game at 76 as well as the front end of three one-and-one opportunities at the end of the first half that could have

padded the Blue Devils’ lead. “We should have been up by more at halftime.... The times that you do play better, it has to reflect in the score,” head coach Mike Krzyzewski said. “You don’t get style points and gold stars or anything like that. You have to put points on the board.” The Jayhawks made their living from the free throw line, attempting 26 second-half free throws and knocking down 27-of-35 on the game. During one span,

sports

ERIC LIN/THE CHRONICLE

Redshirt sophomore Rodney Hood had five turnovers, including a crucial mishandle in the final minutes of the game.

WEDNESDAY, NOVMEBER 13, 2013 | 15

the Jayhawks had scored seven consecutive points at the charity stripe. In a long-awaited matchup with Wiggins—who was the No. 1 recruit in this year’s freshman class to Parker’s No. 2— the Kansas freshman managed to score 22 points despite sitting out most of the first half due to foul trouble. Wiggins shaded over to guard Parker, a move that Kansas head coach Bill Self said he could not take credit for. “He came to me the whole game and said, ‘Let me guard Jabari. I want to guard Jabari,’” Self said. “About midway through the second half, around the 13-minute mark, I didn’t put him on Jabari—he just went to guard him.” Wiggins’ move worked as the Duke forward managed just eight second-half points on 3-of-8 shooting. “I’m a freshman. I’m playing a big role for our team, and there’s no excuses not to show up for my family,” Parker said. “Those are my guys, my brothers, and I need to go to war with them.” The action continued to swing back and forth, with neither team leading by more than three points, but another four-point spurt by Parker gave Duke a 73-72 lead with 5:06 to play. Parker made a move to his right and knocked down a jumper from the wing that sent Krzyzewski leaping into the air. Despite struggling down low with Kansas’ big men, Amile Jefferson played a huge second half, scoring 10 of his 17 points, including a putback that tied the game at 79 inside three minutes to play. Sulaimon hit a driving layup to cut Duke’s deficit to two points, but Wiggins

ERIC LIN/THE CHRONICLE

Freshman Jabari Parker scored 27 points and grabbed nine rebounds in his return home, but that wasn’t enough for the win. would have the chance to respond, scoring four straight points and sealing the Kansas victory with a breakaway dunk to put the game out of reach. Suffering its first setback of the season due to poor defensive play, free throw shooting and rebounding, the Blue Devils will head back to the drawing board as they ponder missed opportunities. “We were getting anything we wanted on offense,” Sulaimon said. “It really started on defense, and 94 points— that’s unacceptable.”

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Parker passes away at 101 by Staff Reports THE CHRONICLE

Clarence “Ace” Parker, a three-sport athlete and former All-American at Duke, passed away Wednesday morning in Portsmouth, Va. He was 101 years old. On the gridiron, Parker was a two-time All-American selection as a halfback for famed Duke head coach Wallace Wade. Playing from 1934-36, Parker rushed for 1,856 yards and 21 touchdowns. Parker’s Blue Devils went 24-5 during his collegiate career and won two Southern Conference championships. In addition to lining up in the backfield, Parker was also a standout punter and still holds Duke’s single-game punting record. Parker punted 17 times for 804 yards in a game against Georgia Tech in 1936, a record that will likely never be broken. On the diamond, Parker also was a standout outfielder for Duke’s baseball team, batting .336 in 1935 and .337 in 1937. Taking a year off from baseball, Parker also lettered in basketball for the Blue Devils in 1936. Parker was a second-round draft pick by the NFL’s Brooklyn Dodgers in 1937. He led the NFL in passing in 1938 and was named the league’s MVP in 1940. Parker was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1972. He was the only Hall of Fame inductee in history to reach 100 years of age. Playing two MLB seasons with the Philadelphia Athletics, Parker became the third player in Major League history to homer in his first-career at bat when he did so on April 30, 1937. Following his professional career, Parker returned to Duke and served as an assistant football coach from 1947-65. He also managed the Blue Devil baseball team from 1953-66, winning one Southern Conference championship and two ACC titles. He led Duke to the College World Series in 1953 and 1961. Parker also managed the minor league’s Durham Bulls for four seasons from 1949-52. Parker was a member of the inaugural class of the Duke Athletics Hall of Fame in 1975.

XIRUI LIU/THE CHRONICLE

With Marshall Plumlee as the team’s only true center, the Blue Devils’ undersized interior will be tested for the first time against a Division I opponent Friday.

M. BASKETBALL

from page 1

Parker, a freshman and the second-ranked player in his recruiting class, will get his first real taste of Division I basketball Friday. Touted as the top high school basketball player since LeBron James by Sports Illustrated, Parker spent most of the summer getting back into playing shape after being hampered by a foot injury for the majority of his senior season of high school. The freshman has found his form thus far. In the Blue Devils’ two preseason tune-ups, Parker averaged 14.5 points and thrilled the Cameron Crazies with a few highlight-reel dunks. With a heavyweight matchup looming Tuesday against No. 5 Kansas and preseason All-American Andrew Wiggins, the Blue Devils have to be careful not to overlook Davidson, a historically scrappy team. The Wildcats finished with a record of 26-8 last year and nearly pulled off a shocking upset of third-seeded Marquette in the second round of the NCAA tournament. “We feel confident,” Hood said. “But we also know that Davidson is more than capable of coming in here and upsetting us. We have to have their type of mentality as far as being hungry and having a competitive mentality. We have to do the little things just like they do.” Davidson lost Jake Cohen, a 6-foot-10, 235-pound forward who was their top scorer and shot-blocker last year. The Wildcats are counting on two freshmen, Joe Aase and Andrew McAuliffe, to step in and help fill Cohen’s shoes. Duke’s toughest challenge in its season-opener could be senior forward De’mon Brooks. Last season, Brooks ranked was among the team leaders in almost all statistical categories, and led Davidson in rebounds and steals. At 6-foot-7 and 230 pounds, Brooks can wreak havoc on both ends of the floor. He was recently named the Southern Conference Preseason Player of the Year for the second consecutive year.

sports

One thing to keep an eye on is the stricter enforcement of hand-check rules by the officials, something that the NCAA has made a point of emphasis heading into the season. In an effort to increase scoring and open up the floor, the NCAA sent out memos to all Division I coaches reminding them that defenders will be whistled for fouls if they keep their hands on opponents. It will take time for teams to get acclimated to this new style of officiating, as evidenced by the Blue Devils’ 36 personal fouls in their exhibition contests. “It’s definitely going to be tough,” senior captain Tyler Thornton said. “Especially when you’re trying to apply pressure to a team—if they’re attacking you and you put your hand on them, that’s automatically going to get called. It’s a change for everybody, so it’s not like we’re at an advantage or disadvantage when it comes to the hand-checking. But we just have to adjust and use it to our advantage the best that we can.”

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Senior Emmie Le Marchand will lead the Blue Devils into ACC tournament play.

FIELD HOCKEY

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ACC slate, something that should help them in the tournament. “Hopefully our schedule throughout the season has prepared us for this,” Bustin said. “That is good preparation for postseason play.” The offensive attack, spearheaded by senior forward Emmie Le Marchand, will need to get shots on the goal early and often, establishing an early presence on the offensive end. Le Marchand leads the team with 11 goals and 55 shots this season. Bustin hopes her team can correct the mistakes from the Maryland game, both to improve their play against Virginia and to prepare for a potential matchup against a first-seeded Terrapin team in second round. Maryland has been the country’s top team for more than a kakuro_398C.txt month, and has received a bye for the first

round of the tournament. The Terrapins also knocked the Blue Devils out of the first round of the ACC tournament last season. “After Saturday’s game, it gave us plenty to look at, review and really just get us back on track and sharpen things up going into the [ACC] tournament,” Bustin said. “As disappointing as the result was on Saturday, we were grateful that it wakes us up and gets us in order.” Senior defenders Paula Heimbach and Brenna Rescigno will have their hands full with Buckley and the Virginia attack that tore through their lines in the last matchup. Buckley comes into the game leading the ACC in shots and goals per game, while the Cavaliers are 19th in scoring nationally. Although Duke gave up a season-high five goals to Maryland, the defense has exhibited consistency and shown flashes of dominance, giving up 1.42 goals per game. Redshirt sophomore goalkeeper Lauren Blazing, who is the anchor of the defense, has been tough to score on this season and only let 21.4 percent of opposing shots in the cage during the regular season. “Elly Buckley was a big threat for [Virginia],” senior forward McKay Ross said. “As long as we can contain her and put someone on her and keep attacking the goal... we can score against them with no problem.” Bustin is looking to her six seniors and two graduate students to lead the team through the tournament, and in the long run, to the NCAA tournament. “These guys have been the ones preparing to create exactly where we are now,” Bustin said. “For three years, they have made the changes and done the things necessary to put this program where we are today. I want them to enjoy it and finish it.”

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job in that regard. I think it has made it easier for us to adjust and apply a few new things and find things that we need in the second half.” Duke has not played in Wallace Wade Stadium since its Oct. 12 matchup against the Midshipmen. The Blue Devils return to Durham for the first of four remaining games against ACC opponents and a chance to knock off an in-state rival that they have only played three times in the past decade. “Human nature is going to take over when you play North Carolina State or North Carolina or Wake Forest, anybody that there is a close tie to,” Cutcliffe said. “I like to see the [fans] get cranked up.... When I was at Ole Miss, it was LSU and Mississippi State. If you didn’t change, then you didn’t belong there. There is something wrong with you. Fan or player or coach, that’s the kind of mentality you expect to see.”

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week to get healthy following their upset victory against Virginia Tech two weeks ago. Senior cornerback Ross Cockrell went down with an ankle injury in the second quarter against the Hokies and only played one snap in the second half. Linebackers Kelby and Kyler Brown, who have both battled injuries this season, also spent much of the bye week working to get back to 100 percent. “One of the biggest issues we’ve faced since we’ve been here is having enough players to stay healthy for November,” Cutcliffe said. “We can’t hide behind that right now. That’s not who we are. We’re a pretty healthy football team for November.” With a slew of healthy running backs, Cutcliffe and his staff made the decision to utilize senior tailback Juwan Thompson as a linebacker. Thompson recorded three tackles in one series against Virginia Tech, and will continue to see action on the defensive side of the ball. Thompson adds an element of speed to the banged up linefrom page 11 backing corps, a unit that has proved effective this season despite health issues. Duke’s experienced line and youthful season-opener against Davidson, college basbut talented secondary have also contrib- ketball’s all-time winningest coach got a little uted to the best Blue Devil defense in the emotional when he announced to his team Cutcliffe era. Duke has held its opponents that Hairston would join the ranks as captain. scoreless in seven quarters during its past “Coach kind of teared up when he was three games, including a first half shutout telling us that [Hairston] was going to be a against Virginia Tech and second half shut- captain,” junior point guard Quinn Cook said. outs against Navy and Troy. The Blue Devils Hairston, caught completely by surprise, are giving up just 22.5 points per game, the had no idea what to expect. “It kind of caught me off guard because I 36th-best scoring defense in the nation. “This goes all the way back to spring didn’t know how to react to it,” Hairston said. practice and rebuilding this defensive sys- “I remember exactly what he said and I’ll reThe New Times Syndication Corporation member it forever. He said he loves when one tem,” Cutcliffe said.York “[Defensive coordina- Sales 620 Eighth Avenue, New York, N.Y. guys cross the bridge and become men.” tor] Jim Knowles has done a tremendous of his10018

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Find the answers to the Kakuo puzzle on the classifieds page

2 8 4 7 2 3 2 1 5 3 8 6 5 9 The Chronicle 1When3 things go awry: 2 7 When passive aggressive emails go too far:........................... duranddurand 4 6 9 8 7 3 1 4 When you don’t make it off the couch to WNS: ..............................Mr. Teeth Four days into supplement week: ....................................................Magicarp 8 pizza 6 really 2 is: ................chowchow 7 9 When you’re apathetic to how old that When you get too many good Starburst combinations: ............... photoging 9 monograms: 8 6 ....................................... 1 2 8 9 7 When your monograms have Steihmy Every Thursday night sing-along:.......................................................... Recess 8 1 5 Jorts2 Every Sunday at 6:15: ......................................................................... Mr. Barb Starbuck: ...........................................................................................Barb 7 3 1 2 3 2 7 1 Student Advertising Manager: ..................................................James Sinclair Account Representatives: ...................... 9 3 Jennifer 5 Bahadur,2Shannon 1 Beckham 8 Peter Chapin, Caitlin Chase, Courtney Clower, Alyssa Coughenour Tyler Deane-Krantz, Chris Geary, Liz Lash, Hannah Long, Parker Masselink Nic Meiring, Brian Paskas, Nick Philip, Cliff Simmons, Lexy Steinhilber, Olivia Wax Creative Services Student Manager: ................................. Marcela Heywood Creative Services: ..........................................................Allison Eisen, Mao Hu Rita Lo, Izzy Xu Business Office .........................................................................Susanna Booth

Crossword ACROSS 1 ___ skirt 5 “The Tao of Pooh” author Benjamin 9 One with ergophobia 14 “Look what I found!” cries 15 Kind of tradition 16 “___ talk?” 17 “Good thing I don’t have the same problem!” 19 Following 20 River of film 21 1986 top 10 hit for Billy Idol 23 That’s the point 24 Meal at which to drink four cups of wine 25 Part of a pickup line? 28 “___, boy!” 29 Earth goddess created by Chaos 33 Expanse 36 “Apparently”

38 What fell in the Fall 39 That is the question 41 Robert of “Quincy, M.E.” 42 One who may need a shower? 44 Holder of a pair of queens 46 Shiner 47 Milk sources 49 N.B.A. Hall-ofFamer Walker 50 Belgian battleground during W.W. I 52 Letters in car ads 54 “Truthfully …” 57 Brought up to speed 61 Yokel, in slang 62 Classic rock song in “Easy Rider” 64 G.W. competitor 65 P.D.Q. Bach’s “I’m the Village Idiot,” e.g. 66 Rep. Darrell of California

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56 “Ah, my Beloved, fill the Cup that clears” poet 57 “I say” sayer 58 Menu section 59 Threat ender 60 Time of 1944’s Operation Neptune 63 “… goes, ___ go!”

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T h e i n d e p e n d e n T d a i ly aT d u k e u n i v e r s i T y

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18 | WEDNESDAY, NOVMEBER 13, 2013

Gender reassignment, cultural realignment Duke’s faculty and employee health plan will soon cover gender reassignment surgery. In making this change, Duke joins the ranks of a small number of American colleges and universities, among them Harvard, the University of Pennsylvania and Yale. This policy shift follows the administration’s change to the student health plan in April, which now includes similar coverage. At that time, we came out in support of the change. We do so again, offering our support for the expansion of employee health coverage to include gender reassignment surgery, and we commend the University on its decision. We see this change as an extension of the current policy and laud it for the deeply beneficial impact it will have on its recipients, however few they may be. According to the existing medical literature, gender reassignment is much more than a cosmetic procedure. The American Medical Association considers gender reassignment surgery to be a “medical necessity” for treating Gender Identity Disorder (GID), and many in the transgender community have described it as crucial for their psychological well-being. Gender reassignment surgery can do much to resolve deep issues of personal identity that cause great

This is literally everything that runs through my mind when I hear... “our athletes are dumb and should be held to the same admissions standards as everyone else,”... Most of the athletes I’ve worked with in my classes are exceptionally kind, smart, and hard-working people.

Editorial demonstrates a commitment by the University to its employees. Beyond providing a robust healthcare package, the University has done much in recent years for its employees, such as launching an affordable housing initiative and committing, in 2007, to pay a living wage to most food service staff. Perhaps more importantly, we support covering gender reassignment surgery because it signals a pledge to equality on an institutional level. As Sara-Jane Raines, co-chair of the Duke LGBT Task Force, noted, it remains consistent with the University’s commitment to diversity and shows transgender individuals that they are valued as members of the Duke community. Duke’s action stands in stark contrast to the

Letters PoLicy The Chronicle welcomes submissions in the form of letters to the editor or guest columns. Submissions must include the author’s name, signature, department or class, and for purposes of identification, phone number and local address. Letters should not exceed 325 words; contact the editorial department for information regarding guest columns. The Chronicle will not publish anonymous or form letters or letters that are promotional in nature. The Chronicle reserves the right to edit letters and guest columns for length, clarity and style and the right to withhold letters based on the discretion of the editorial page editor.

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he last two weeks have seen a public uproar over the “discovery” of American spying on close allies and friends. Chief among the targets was Angela Merkel, the longtime Chancellor of Germany, whose friendly demeanor has earned her the nickname “mum.” The audacity of American spooks in choosing to tap the line of motherly Merkel has angered wide segments of the population abroad and at home. American eavesdropping is being blamed for damaging progress on a transatlantic trade deal and civil liberties at home. Yet much of this foreign criticism is disingenuous as our allies also engage in espionage operations targeting the United States. Despite these mounting issues, I find myself increasingly ambivalent over the domestic and foreign workings of our intelligence apparatus, and this bothers me. The National Security Administration works under the purview of the President and should be held responsible for its actions, but is spying on allies that horrendous? And even if it is, is it that surprising that we’re doing it? The United States has a long history of spying on those with which it’s friends, not just Germany. The NSA came under attack in October for similar revelations regarding France, even though we’ve been eavesdropping on them since World War II. To compound the hypocrisy, France is, according to Foreign Policy columnist Adam Rawnsley, notorious for “stealing American defense technology, bugging American business executives and generally annoying U.S. counterintelligence officials.” Everyone spies on everyone. It’s a facet of international life in a chaotic world, but somehow every NSA leak is met with indignation on behalf of the countries involved. This is a fact that should only surprise the most naïve of international observers. The nature of telecommunications and the advent of the internet have made it even easier to spy without risking human assets, which explains the “why not” attitude the NSA has in tapping everyone’s phone lines. The logic, according to one New York Times report, is that if we’re capable, why not go ahead and see what they’re saying? I have no doubt that our friends in Europe attempt similar operations and are only limited by their resources. Germany and France have vastly different interests than the United States, and surely they seek to advance them in whatever way possible. This rationalization of American behavior, however, leaves a sour taste in my mouth. It still feels wrong, although not unsurprising, to spy on the heads of foreign states with which we

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Danielle Muoio, Editor Sophia DuranD, Managing Editor raiSa chowDhury, News Editor Daniel carp, Sports Editor Sophia palenberg, Photography Editor Scott briggS, Editorial Page Editor caSey williaMS, Editorial Board Chair jiM poSen, Director of Online Development kelly Scurry, Managing editor for online chriSSy beck, General Manager eMMa baccellieri, University Editor elizabeth DjiniS, Local & National Editor anthony hagouel, Health & Science Editor julia May, News Photography Editor kelSey hopkinS, Design Editor lauren feilich, Recess Editor eliza bray, Recess Photography Editor MouSa alShanteer, Editorial Page Managing Editor aShley Mooney, Towerview Editor jennie Xu, Towerview Photography Editor kriStie kiM, Social Media Editor lauren carroll, Senior Editor anDrew luo, News Blog Editor Matt barnett, Multimedia Editor rebecca DickenSon, Advertising Director Mary weaver, Operations Manager Megan Mcginity, Digital Sales Manager

anguish. When we consider the rarity of such procedures—and that costs would be widely diffused across all of the covered employees— even the maximum coverage of $50,000 seems like a small price to pay for such gains. On a broader level, the extended coverage

traditionally conservative ideological currents that course through North Carolina politics. Duke is the largest employer in the state, and its policy changes have significant political pull. The policy will likely have very little impact on everyday life—mostly due to how few surgeries will likely be performed—but it sends a powerful message to those who may have felt alienated by their elected representatives. And here lies the policy’s true value: expanded health coverage is not a way to gain a competitive edge over peer institutions or other employers, but a win for equity. Yet, despite all of the progress Duke has made, we still need a more robust and visible dialogue about transgender issues and sexual identity. Most Duke students, ourselves included, know shockingly little about this subject—only that it can cause people significant personal distress. At least some of the psychological damage caused by Gender Identity Disorder, however, seems to come from rigid and deeply ingrained societal conceptions of gender and sexuality, conceptions that confine and conceal people’s true identities. Duke took another important step with this policy. We should follow suit by opening our minds.

in electronic surveillance we trust

onlinecomment

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the chronicle is published by the Duke Student publishing company, inc., a non-profit corporation independent of Duke university. the opinions expressed in this newspaper are not necessarily those of Duke university, its students, faculty, staff, administration or trustees. unsigned editorials represent the majority view of the editorial board. columns, letters and cartoons represent the views of the authors. to reach the editorial office at 301 flowers building, call 684-2663 or fax 684-4696. to reach the business office at 2022 campus Drive call 684-3811. to reach the advertising office at 2022 campus Drive call 684-3811

are nominally allied. We live in a time in which our intelligence agencies have been given vast powers to protect us from foreign threats. Ter-

Colin Scott the view from carr rorism and the specter of domestic attacks loom large in the shadow of 9/11. We have grown up in a world of Guantanamo Bays and Patriot Acts. The seemingly unlimited power of the NSA to collect data shows that American concern for due process has taken a hit in the 21st century. Foreign electronic surveillance has been sold to us as a crucial component of our internal security. We will likely never know how many attacks have been foiled by the efforts of the NSA, which makes arguing against their increasing power hard to do. Still it seems unlikely that bugging Merkel’s phone line was necessary to protect this country. My ambivalence stems from this quandary. We are undoubtedly safer because of the efforts of our national security apparatus, but is it worth the price we pay at home and abroad? It might be easier to answer the question about spying on foreign heads of states because they aren’t American citizens, but increasingly it seems like some of the rules have been bent a little closer to home. The idea of the NSA collecting trends in call data doesn’t bother me. What upsets me is hearing about those same employees using their power to spy on their spouses and love interests. Is this the price we have to pay for our security? I don’t know, and I feel like these issues are too important for ambivalence. Our civil liberties should be inviolable, yet we live in an age where the means to violate them are becoming increasingly less difficult. Hopefully the coming months will produce a sort of national consensus on the appropriateness of electronic eavesdropping. As a country we have to decide what level of intrusion we are willing to accept. This decision, however, should not be made by bureaucrats without elected oversight but considered in the full view of the citizens of this country. Our safety isn’t worth the precedent set by such delegation. Colin Scott is a Trinity senior. His column runs every other Wednesday.


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WEDNESDAY, NOVMEBER 13, 2013 | 19

similar cultural norms

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s the oldest daughter of first generation Egyptian immigrants, I could write books about the intersection of Arab traditions and American customs. I’m drawn toward my Egyptian roots. Excuse my arrogance, but of all the youth in my community, none spoke better Arabic than I, none upheld traditional Arab customs the way I had and few showed the same interest in their background. There’s a huge discord between my love of my Egyptian ethnicity and my dissatisfaction with the social and cultural norms toward women in the Arab world and immigrants in the United States.

Nourhan Elsayed a world uNveiled

the socialites

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ode to George

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y all-time stress level peaked around age 4, when I became utterly terrified of everything. I’m talking about germs, the weather, the outdoors, people, shadows, the works. I was a crazy little girl with a terrible case of obsessive-compulsive disorder. Thankfully, after some strong medication and a healthy dose of therapy, I was over my OCD by age 5. At this

Chelsea Sawicki Namaste y’all point, all of my spazzy symptoms—washing my hands to draw blood, frantically watching The Today Show and not touching people—had scared away all potential friends. I was a kindergartner with no playmates, with the exception of Murphy, my Schnauzer. I spent my afternoons rolling in the grass and barking at him; naturally, my parents freaked out. So back to therapy it was! This time, without a need for any suspiciously strong medication, all the doctor did was talk to me about stress management and social skills. “Chelsea—the next time someone is mean to you, I want you to calmly explain how they hurt your feelings, and then imagine something that makes you very happy.” What makes me happiest? It’s certainly evolved over time—it’s been beaches and people and smells and things. But for the past eight years, whenever I am stressed, I think of my loving, committed bond with George. Our relationship can be difficult at times as we’ve been long-distance since I left for Duke, but it’s totally worth it because George brings me great joy. Basically, it was definitely love at first sight. A mutual friend introduced us; she knows I’m a sucker for cute blondes! He was having lunch with his family at the time, and unknowingly had tomatoes all over his face and messy blonde locks. It was adorable! As we gazed into each other’s eyes from across the room, we instantly knew that we belonged together. “George!” I lovingly declared, “I’m so happy we found each other.” And with that, he kissed me on the cheek and squealed with delight. It’s been eight years since that fateful day, and our relationship has never been better. We enhance each other’s best qualities, strengthen each other’s weaknesses and share many hobbies. I love hiking, and George loves bird watching; we’re clearly a match made in heaven! Sadly, George isn’t close with his family but has really

bonded with mine, which I love. He even spent time hanging out with my grandma this past summer when I was away in India. Upon my return, I was initially disgusted with the weight he’d gained, but then I realized it was because he loves my grandma’s pork chops so much! Besides, he actually looks cuter with a little bit of pudge, much better for snuggling. That’s not to say that our relationship is perfect, though. George can be extremely demanding. First, he doesn’t have a driver’s license so I have to take him EVERYWHERE. Not to mention what a sissy he is in the car; he gets carsick in five minutes and of course, I have to deal with it. Ugh. He also has a silly side that I don’t always find so silly. This one time, right after I donned my nice pajamas and washed my sheets for a snuggly sleepover with him, he decided to roll in the mud and jump into my bed. What a scoundrel! He slept on the couch that night. But I must emphasize that George is the most loyal companion I’ve ever had—he will always do everything he can for me. Once, I was singing in the shower so loudly and horribly that he thought I was in trouble. He then pushed open the bathroom door to make sure I was OK! Another time, my nosy grandma found a condom in my room and was in the midst of an angry spiel about Jesus and babies when George came over and immediately assuaged her concerns. He just silently sat next to her and smiled and she calmed down. Did I mention how good he is with people?! As you can imagine, I’m absolutely ecstatic to see George over Thanksgiving. I’ve learned to savor our moments together because they are so few and far between. I just hope he hasn’t gained any more weight! According to my dad, it’s been freezing in Connecticut these days and so George is growing his fur out a bit. There’s really nothing cuter than a chubby, fluffy golden retriever who’s so happy to see me. So I may be a crazy girl who’s obsessed with her dog—but he’s just so snuggly and lovable, can you blame me? Well then, Dukies, I urge you to really think about what makes you happy. Be it family, food, your cat, whatever, just pick something that brings you joy. And the next time you’re freaking out about something awful or silly or stupid, just think of it. Trust me. We could certainly use a little less stress around here. Chelsea Sawicki is a Trinity senior. Her column is part of the weekly Socialites feature and runs every other Wednesday. Send Chelsea a message on Twitter @ChelsTweetzz.

I started to become aware of these issues around my 15th birthday. Earlier that year, a close friend spoke of a man asking for her hand in marriage. Soon after that initial conversation, girls in my community started to sport engagement rings. Despite the stories of academic promise that teachers fed me, and despite my initial hesitation at the idea, staring at my friends’ rings, and at my ring-less fingers, made me question my own judgments. Around my 16th birthday, I found myself dressed up and made up so as to impress a guy I had never met. In accordance with 15 years of enculturation, I sat there and went through all the motions of the stereotypical Arab girl. A series of bland conversations later forced me to realize that being wanted was not going to be enough to fulfill me. Three years later and I’m among the last girls in my community to be unmarried; I’m the first girl in my community to ever leave home unmarried. While I know that many of the other girls had experiences that were much more pleasant than mine, and that many are happy in their marriages, it’s difficult for me to isolate myself from my experience. I do not want to label my culture, but discourses like the one about giving women driving rights in Saudi Arabia or headlines reading, “Egypt is worst Arab state for women” do not surprise me. Leaving home meant being forced to look a little deeper into how I could reconcile being Egyptian and being American. There are perks to being able to choose the positives from one cultural background and leave behind the negatives of another. The closer I looked, however, the more I found that both cultures were stuck in an unfulfilling dialogue about the role of women. We could look at the Hollywood standards of beauty and the discourse regarding effortless perfection at Duke, but those columns have already been written. Let’s talk about how, just recently, a friend of mine was blown off when she tried to get help with computer programming because she was doing rather well “for a girl.” Lets talk about how, this month, advertising a Women’s Center event on a male’s Facebook posts resulted in advice that I probably shouldn’t advertise women’s events in such a way because it’ll “make them uncomfortable”. Let’s talk about how at Duke, where arguably some of the smartest women in the world can be found, females nonchalantly walk down the Main Quad saying things like, “He’s not going to like me, I’m not pretty enough” or my favorite, “ He’s not going to like me—I’m an engineer.” I once caught myself thinking that Arab culture was among the most backward and oppressive cultures that do not allow women the same freedoms permitted to men. Recently, I’m discovering that the problems women—and, resultantly, society—face are not ones that can be isolated within the realms of a single cultural context. Nourhan Elsayed is a Trinity sophomore. Her column runs every other Wednesday.

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20 | WEDNESDAY, NOVMEBER 13, 2013

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The Chronicle

November 13 - 18 Exhibitions

The Very Loud Chamber Orchestra of Endangered Species. Thru Nov 22, 9am-5pm, M-F, Brown Gallery, Bryan Center. In Practice: Work by Duke Arts Faculty. Work in a wide range of media by 17 Duke faculty members and instructors. Thru December 13. Power Plant Gallery, American Tobacco Campus. Free. Soul and Service. A multi-panel exhibit celebrating the 100-year-plus history of the North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company. Thru December 20. Center for Documentary Studies. Free. Doris Duke’s Shangri La: Architecture, Landscape and Islamic Art. Thru December 29. Nasher Museum of Art. Tiksi. An acclaimed series of photographs by Duke Visiting Artist Evgenia. Thru January 11. Center for Documentary Studies. Free. Outrageous Ambitions: How a One-Room Schoolhouse Became a Research University. Celebrating 175 years of Duke history. Thru January 26. Perkins Library Gallery. Free. Lines of Control: Partition as a Productive Space. Exploring the creation and maintenance of borders. Thru February 2. Nasher Museum of Art. Free.

Events

November 14 Talk. Visiting artist Shahzia Sikander will be in residence for three days as a part of Doris Duke’s Shangri La: Architecture, Landscape and Islamic Art, a traveling exhibition organized by The Doris Duke Foundation for Islamic Art, on view at the Nasher Museum thru December 29. 7pm, Nasher Museum of Art. Free. Uncle Vanya. By Anton Chekhov. Directed by Jeff Storer, TS faculty. A story of characters caught between tradition and transformation, between personal isolation and communal action, between the lure of love and the security of duty, 8pm. Sheafer Theater, Bryan Center, West Campus. $10 Gen.; $5 Students/Sr. Citizens. Talk. Reception and talk by Duke artist-in-residence, Evgenia Arbugaeva, whose photos from the Tiksi series are on view at CDS. 6-9pm. Center for Documentary Studies. Free. November 15 Djembe & Afro-Cuban Ensembles. Directed by Bradley Simmons with guest artist Chembo Corniel. 8pm. Baldwin Auditorium. Free. Full Frame Third Friday. Screening of Medora. 7pm. Full Frame Theater, American Tobacco Campus. Free. Uncle Vanya. (See Nov. 14) 8pm. (with post-show discussion) November 16 Uncle Vanya. (See Nov. 14) 8pm. November 17 Uncle Vanya. (See Nov. 14) 2pm.

Screen/Society

All events are free and open to the general public. Screenings are at 7pm in the Richard White Auditorium on East Campus. All events subject to change.

11/14

Infiltrators (docu) w/ Nick Denes, Palestine Film Foundation (UK) (7pm, W) Special Event

11/18

From Up on Poppy Hill (Japan-anime) (7pm, W) Cine-East: East Asian Cinema

ami.duke.edu/screensociety/schedule

This message is brought to you by the Department of Art, Art History and Visual Studies, Center for Documentary Studies, Chapel Music, Duke Dance Program, Duke Music Department, Duke Performances, Nasher Museum of Art, Duke University Libraries, Screen/Society, Department of Theater Studies with support from the Office of the Vice Provost for the Arts.


November 13, 2013