Health and Science
HOW CAN COWS HELP YOUR HEART
HEAVY EQUIPMENT THEFT PROMINENT IN NORTH CAROLINA
The Chronicle T H E I N D E P E N D E N T D A I LY AT D U K E U N I V E R S I T Y
XXXXXDAY, NOVEMBER THURSDAY, MMMM XX, 7, 2013 2013
Minister talks about vision for pakistan by Jenna Zhang The ChroniCle
Pakistan’s Federal Minister of Planning Development and reform addressed problems in U.S.-Pakistan relations and outlined the current Pakistani government’s vision for the future during a talk Wednesday. Ahsan iqbal is a member of the national Assembly party and served as the Federal Minister of education until 2008. he authored Pakistan Vision 2010—a framework for Pakistan’s future—in 1998 and is currently giving a series of talks in the United States outlining Pakistan’s goals for the year 2025. The Duke Pakistani Students Association hosted the event. Approximately 60 people were in attendance, including a number of Duke students from Pakistan or of Pakistani decent. in his speech, iqbal tackled common American misperceptions of his country and attributed them largely to the media. he noted that most Americans obtained their information about Pakistan through news outlets, which focus coverage of Pakistan on terrorism and political conflict. “Pakistan is not seen through the lens of Pakistan,” he said. “Pakistan is seen through
ONE ONE HUNDRED HUNDRED AND AND EIGHTH NINTHYEAR, YEAR,ISSUE ISSUEXXX 47
CAMERON INDOOR STADIUM • FRIDAY • 7 p.m. • SEASON OPENER
Blue Devils get a fresh start
See PAKIStAN, page 6 JACK WHITE/THE CHRONICLE
Redshirt sophomore Rodney Hood will play the first regular-season game of his Duke career when the Blue Devils take on Davidson. by Brian Pollack The ChroniCle
AMANDA BRUMWELL/THE CHRONICLE
A Pakistani Minister discusses his goals for Parkistan by the year 2025.
it’s time for Cameron to get crazy again. no. 4 Duke will kick off its season Friday night when it hosts Davidson at 7 p.m. at Cameron indoor Stadium. Despite earning victories against Bowie State and Drury in each of its two exhibition games, the Blue Devils will open the season with plenty of improvements to make. “By the end of the season, i feel like we’ll be a great team,” redshirt sopho-
more rodney hood said. “But right now, we’re still young and we’re still learning.” in many ways, Friday’s season opener will be the dawn of a new day for the Blue Devils. This year’s squad features a new up-tempo offense and is missing the familiar faces of ryan Kelly and Mason Plumlee. The game will also mark the regularseason debuts of hood and Jabari Parker, two players who are expected to be focal points of this year’s team but have not yet logged minutes in a Duke uniform.
hood transferred to Duke from Mississippi State, where he averaged 10.3 points and 4.8 rebounds per game during his freshman year. he was named a team captain by Duke head coach Mike Krzyzewski after spending all of last year practicing with the team. hood looked like a seasoned veteran in exhibition play, averaging 20.0 points and 8.5 rebounds per game. See M. BASKetBALL page 12
I N S I take to the game on saturday! D E
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Duke professors pioneer new cardiac assist device by Azeb Yirga The Chronicle
Research by two Duke professors could improve treatment for people whose hearts are in need of mechanical assistance. Dr. Roberto Manson and Dr. Mani Daneshmand—both assistant professors of surgery at the Duke School of Medicine—participated in the implantation of a new type of cardiac assist device in a calf in collaboration with researchers from the National Cheng Kung University in Taiwan. What made the researchers’ approach novel was the use of a para-aortic blood pump, Daneshmand said. “When the heart is contracting, the balloon fills and by filling… it lowers the work of the heart…” Daneshmand said about how the PABP works. “When the heart is resting, it pumps blood back into the system, raising blood pressure.” He noted that the pump improves circulation throughout the body as well as circulation to the heart. Currently, the researchers are looking to find funding to repeat the animal trials at Duke, Daneshmand said. He explained that the current economic situation limits availability of federal funds. While the researchers face a financial challenge in continuing their research, they are motivated by the possibility of making cardiac treatment more economical. “[PABP can be] accessible to a larger portion of the population, with less complications, in an affordable way,” Manson said. The PABP could serve as an alternative for several current treatments, such as the intraaortic balloon pump and left-ventricular assist devices, Daneshmand said.
The intra-aortic balloon pump—which involves a balloon inspired by the design of the PABP—is inserted in the groin. Patients who use an intra-aortic balloon pump are essentially bedridden, Daneshmand noted. He added that patients waiting for heart transplants while using intra-aortic balloon pumps wait in the intensive care unit for weeks or months and can develop complications associated with a sedentary lifestyle. “Their muscles atrophy. They get pneumonia. All these things happen to them, and if they were able to get up and walk around, they would not have these problems,” Daneshmand explained. The PABP inserts the assisting device directly into the aorta, which might allow patients to be mobile. Duke has been a leading enroller in clinical trials that led to the approval of many devices that combat heart failure, including the Thoratec Heartmate II and the Heartware HVAD, Daneshmand said. These devices are limited, however, by the invasiveness of their implantation procedures and associated complications. The PABP seeks to prevent complications by being less invasive and cause less physiological trauma, Daneshmand explained. The new PABP pump is also innovative in its relationship to the heart. Currently, the widespread devices “really replace the heart functions,” said Dr. Carmelo Milano, a heart transplant specialist. “I think it is possible that some of the newer devices will be able to help us recover the natural heart,” said Laura Blue, the ventricular assist device program nurse coordinator.
And the winner is...
courtesy of the washington post
Terry McAuliffe, the Democratic candidate for Virginia governor, delivers his victory speech Tuesday Tysons Corner, VA.
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North Carolina ranks No.2 for heavy equipment theft
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Poetry and religion
darbi griffith/The Chronicle
Theft of heavy equipment, such as bulldozers and tractors, is prominent in North Carolina.
by Tessa Vellek The Chronicle
North Carolina has the second most heavy equipment thefts in the country, according to a report published by the National Insurance Crime Bureau. The report gathered its data from the National Crime Information Center, which receives theft reports from law enforcement. Forty-nine percent of all heavy equipment stolen was in the category of mowers, riding or garden tractors. The months with the highest levels of theft were Jul and August. The report revealed theft levels directly correspond with the amount of equipment in an area. “Where you see a lot of construction activity, you tend to find pockets of thefts that go along with that activity,” said Frank Scafidi, director of public af-
fairs at NICB. “Why there are some states where there is more [theft] than others— it could be something as simple as there are more targets available for some reason and there are more people willing to steal those things.” This might be one of the reasons for North Carolina’s high ranking, Scafidi noted. To reduce the possibility of theft, the NICB encourages equipment owners to install hidden fuel shut-off systems, to remove fuses and circuit breakers when engines are off and to maintain a photo archive of equipment. “If you’re out on a job site, a lot of groups don’t have the time to sit and move their equipment back and forth all See theft, page 6
Dayou Zhou/The Chronicle
The Manic Caravan poetry series brought Peter O’Leary to present his work in poetry, which includes The Phosphorescence of Thought (2012) and Luminous Epinoia (2010).
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DSG senators propose more courses on local politics
WOLa-duke Book award presented to durham resident by Raisa Chowdhury The ChroniCle
JULia dUNN/the chronicle
DSG senators discussed the merits of offering courses focusing on local politics, similar to those offered at peer institutions such as Stanford and Columbia.
by Carleigh Stiehm The ChroniCle
Duke football cornerback ross Cockrell, a redshirt senior, spoke about the importance of student support at games at the Duke Student Government senate meeting Wednesday evening. in anticipation of Saturday’s game against north Carolina State University, Cockrell thanked senators for promoting student attendance at the games, noting the positive impact of student enthusiasm. he noted that support from DSG is greatly appreciated by the team. “it is great when students are there to support us, you can hear it, you can feel it,” Cockrell said. “We really appreciate student support.” The meeting also featured a presentation of suggestions for connecting Duke academics to local issues by sophomore Mousa Alshanteer, senator for Durham and regional affairs, and freshman James Ferencsik, senator for academic affairs. Alshanteer, editorial page managing editor for The Chronicle, and Ferencsik called for increased options for students to learn about state and local history and policy. “over the past few months, a lot of bills
have been passed that really impact our everyday lives,” Alshanteer said, noting that many students are not always aware of how they are affected by the changing laws. he highlighted house Bill 589, which created numerous controversial voting requirements that affect college students, and house Bill 937, which allows concealed handgun permit holders to lock handguns in cars parked on college campuses. The two senators collected data from peer institutions—including Stanford University, Columbia University, University of Chicago, harvard University and the University of north Carolina at Chapel hill—that offer courses that focus on state and local issues. The courses would not be limited to students in the Trinity College of Arts and Sciences, Ferencsik said. he noted an engineering course at Princeton University that allows students to find and implement solutions to common problems in the community. “There are various instances when students not only learn from their communities, but they contribute to it as well,” Alshanteer said. See DSG, page 6
Attentive viewers sat outside the overflowing Franklin humanities institute Garage as journalist Jonathan Katz read about busted windows and corrupt government officials Wednesday evening. The Washington office on latin America and the University named Katz’ book, “The Big Truck that Went By: how the World Came to Save haiti and left Behind a Disaster,” the recipient of the 2013 WolA-Duke human rights Book Award. Katz, a Durham resident, is a former Associated Press correspondent and was the only full-time American correspondent in haiti at the time of the 2010 earthquake. The award honors a current, non-fiction book in english that addresses democracy, human rights and social justice in modern latin America. “it’s difficult for an outsider to understand haiti,” Katz read. “The more i understood the story, the less i would understand.” At the event, Katz read a chapter from his book, which tells the story of the day the earthquake hit and explores the complex aftermath of the disaster in haiti—a country ill-equipped to handle the disaster on its own—as it was flooded with foreign aid efforts. A reception hosted by the Center for latin American and Caribbean Studies and the Duke human rights Center followed. An audience member asked Katz about his thoughts on the roles of nongovernmental organizations and whether any specific ones stood out. “Basically who are the good guys?” Katz responded. he went on to explain that few nGos are “particularly nefarious” but that as a result of criticism, many organizations are beginning to change their philosophies to work more closely with people from indigenous countries. he said that as successful nGos, such as Paul Farmer, Trinity ‘82, and his Partners in health, grow larger, the larger size can
lead to a loss of efficiency. “There are people out there who are offering the criticism themselves, and they understand many of these things being done are empty gestures,” Katz said. “The solution to these big problems are really structural.” Katz portrayed haiti well, said Kathy Walmer, adjunct assistant professor at Duke Global health and executive director of Family health Ministries—the nGo that partnered with a former Dukeengage haiti program. “he has really captured the problems that are intrinsic about being an nGo in haiti,” she said. “i could see myself in that book quite often.” Katz added that problems with the United States’ foreign aid policies are a result of insufficient pressure from Congress to move past “ritual mobilizations” of money and supplies. “Congress, they don’t want to think about it,” he said. “it requires looking at the world differently than they like to look at it.” robin Kirk, program director of the Duke human rights Center and one of the judges for the WolA-Duke Book Award, said the award is intended to increase discussion of human rights. She noted that the earthquake in haiti, in particular, raised a lot of questions about the cycle of poverty in the country and the impact of charity. holly Ackerman, librarian for latin America and iberia at Duke University libraries and another award judge, said the committee chose Katz’s book because it dealt with human rights in a way useful to academics but also interesting to the general public. “An ordinary person could sit down and enjoy and become immersed in it, but it also has all these thorny issues about how did aid go wrong that would be of interest to academics,” Ackerman said. Katz noted that he did not intend the book for any particular audience. See WOLA, page 5
WOLa from page 4 “The book is for the only person i can be sure would read it, which was me,” Katz said. The book’s readership has mostly been in the United States so far, but Katz said he hopes to get the book translated into Creole or French so it will be accessible to a larger haitian audience. The few english copies available in haiti sold out. The book is written from Katz’s perspective as a non-haitian, but is also a journalistic piece. “i will fight anyone in here who thinks there is no such thing as objectivity in journalism,” he said, but encouraged readers to recognize the personal filters through which he and other authors write. he spoke about the challenges of fully conveying what happens on the ground as a reporter. “You have to be there beating everybody else on investigative stories, but also making sure nothing slips through,” Katz said. “Fairly soon after the earthquake, i got into my head that maybe this is the sort of thing that requires a longer telling.” he noted the importance of providing context when reporting on events. Katz said that he chose to write a book because the concise nature of news stories could not fully capture everything he observed. After he started writing each of the scenes for the book, he said that even 100,000 words did not seem like enough. “it really had to do with multiple points of view, getting as far as you can into the facts,” Katz said. Katz noted that he would like to
write another book but is unsure what it will be about, though he plans to come back to writing about haiti eventually. Currently, he is working as a freelance journalist. Audience reception to Katz’s reading and discussion was largely positive. Dane emmerling, a research associate in the Developing World healthcare Technology lab in the biomedical engineering department, said he appreciated Katz bringing attention to the powerful topic of how people donate money to charity and choose organizations to support. “We often don’t do the diligence required in understanding the repercussion of all of these impacts that we have abroad,” emmerling said. Sophomore Suhani Jalota, who read portions of the book for her class on ethics of infectious disease, said she appreciated Katz’s ability to write in an engaging style, while bringing together several different stories. She noted that she agreed with many of the nuanced points that Katz emphasized, such as the limits of how effective money alone can be in development. “i’m glad people are writing such books about what’s actually happening in reality,” Jalota said. This is the sixth annual awarding presentation of the WolA-Duke Book Award. The David M. rubenstein rare Book & Manuscript library serves as the repository for the WolA’s documents. The award was created around the same time that the relationship between WolA and Duke was negotiated in 2008, said Patrick Stawski, human rights archivist at rubenstein. As a result of the award, many of the authors also submit their papers to the University archive, Stawski noted.
Forest Conservation and Climate Change: Adaptation of Science, Policy, and Practices The Lynn W. Day Distinguished Lectureship in Forest and Conservation History
Dr. David Cleaves Climate Change Advisor for the U.S. Forest Service
November 7th at 4:30 pm Reception to follow immediately! Love Auditorium Levine Science Research Center Duke University’s West Campus For a campus map, go to maps.duke.edu
David Cleaves, climate change advisor to the Chief of the U.S. Forest Service, will trace the history of dealing with climate change from its beginnings up through the establishment of the Obama Administration’s Climate Action Plan, offering recommendations for a future that will require adaptation of our science, policy, and practices.
Sponsored by the Forest History Society, the Duke University Department of History, and the Nicholas School of the Environment. For more information, please contact the Forest History Society at 919-682-9319 or visit www.foresthistory.org
THURSDAY, novembeR 7, 2013 | 5
Music to your ears
sophia DuranD/the chronicle
Wednesday night jazz at the Mary Lou resumed recently after the Center moved location from the West Union building to the Flowers building.
TASTIER COSMIC LUNCH than
Old School Veggie Burrito Regular Chicken Burrito Cheese Quesadilla Chicken Quesadilla VeggieNachos Chips & Salsa
Open until 4 am
$2.86 $5.65 $1.41 $3.59 $4.12 $2.06
1920 1/2 Perry St. at Ninth Street Just a block from East Campus
from page 3
night, so you leave it at the site and hope it’s there in the morning,” Scafidi said. In addition, Scafidi recommended arranging equipment in a “wagon train,” or a spiral with large equipment creating an outer ring that protects smaller items inside. The University has not had any problems with heavy equipment theft recently, said Chief of Police John Dailey and Albert Scott, director of housekeeping, grounds and sanitation and recycling. Even so, with all of the construction on campus, Scott said heavy equipment theft could be a concern. Scott’s department locks a front-loader, which loads dump trucks with materials such as dirt of asphalt, in a compound and stores the key in the office for safety. “Many of the sites with heavy equipment are locked,” Dailey wrote in an email Monday. “We patrol and watch the sites after hours. I do not recall the theft of a piece of heavy equipment from Duke in some time.”
Durham and the local community,” Alshanteer said. He noted that nearly 15 percent of the Class of 2012 took Although the University offers courses on local and state jobs in North Carolina after graduating, so the state and local politics, Alshanteer noted that these are not thorough and con- politics will have a lasting impact on their lives. sistent. In other business Many professors have already expressed interest in teaching courses on the local community and government, Ferencsik Executive Vice President Nikolai Doytchinov, a junior, presented a second reading of the changes to the Young Trustee said. Alshanteer said gaining student support is crucial to dem- by-laws. “We are working on clarifying the language,” Doytchinov onstrating the need for such courses to the administration. After more specifics have been solidified, he noted that he plans said, noting that some changes were more substantive. The bylaw—which was approved unanimously—allows the to bring these suggestions to the Academic Council. “We do not want this to be a semester-long or year-long Young Trustee Nominating Committee Selection Committee thing,” Ferencsik said. “We want this to really last a long time.” to now have a chair. To express their support, students can sign an electronic Ferencsik presented a first reading of changes to the affiliate petition. bylaws. The senate can vote to approve the legislation after a In addition, the senators’ proposal called for more intern- second reading next week. ships in the local government, a possible major or minor concentration in local issues and an increased number of invitations for state and local leaders to speak on campus. from page 1 “The main goal of this is to bridge the gaps between Duke, from page 4
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the prism of CNN.” He proceeded to put the conflict in Pakistan into historical context, attributing a portion of the current problems to the aftermath of foreign intervention in Afghanistan in the 1970s. Iqbal said Pakistan currently hosts more than 3.5 million refugees, many of them from Afghanistan. He clarified his position with an analogy. “When I call a plumber, he spends half his time fixing the thing and the other half of the time cleaning the thing, so that when he leaves, there is no sign of there having been a problem,” he said. “This has not been the case with Afghanistan.” He emphasized that Pakistan has been more than “bombings and terrorist activity” over the past decade. “We get negative coverage, in terms of economics, in the media, in our image,” he said. “But in the last 10 years, what has happened in Pakistan, the factors upon which the health of the state depend, are moving in the positive direction.” Pakistan’s development, Iqbal argued, has followed a positive trend over the past few decades. He cited the increased democratization of the country as evidence. “The citizens are growing very engaged, very powerful,” he said. “One of the key factors of a successful country is high citizen engagement. We are promising to build a new country, because we believe people did not vote for us because they like our [party] name. People liked our programs.” Iqbal presented Pakistan Vision 2025—a compilation of goals for the country’s growth and development by the year 2025. Key features included promoting the sciences and technology, developing human and social capital through support of education and fostering greater acceptance of diversity. He emphasized the importance of the roles the private sector and individuals would play in the future of Pakistan. “Today, governments have lost their capacity,” he said. “Governments have lost their steam. The change has to come from the private sector, the academia, the civil society.” After Iqbal spoke, the floor opened to questions. One member of the audience voiced concerns about the Pakistani government’s inclination to negotiate with terrorist groups. Iqbal responded by describing the struggle to end terrorism as a sequence. Terrorists must be brought to the negotiation table first, he explained, so that when peace talks fail, Pakistan can garner wider support from foreign countries in dealing with terrorist groups. Another audience member inquired about what was being done in Pakistan about corruption. Every developing country deals with corruption, Iqbal noted, citing China, India, Malaysia, and Bangladesh as examples. The only permanent solution to corruption was to strengthen the country’s institutions and promote greater political stability. Iqbal ended his talk on a positive note, stressing the importance of Pakistani and American students in bridging the gap between the two countries. “I hope that we can create linkage between Duke University and other universities in Pakistan,” he said. “So that students in this part of the world and in Pakistan can discover opportunities on the other side of the world. I hope that through partnership with our friends, we can heal the wounds of this war on terror.” Audience reactions were mixed. “I thought he did a good job of making it clear that ending terrorism is a sequence,” said Ahsaan Rizvi, a master’s student in engineering management. “There’s a debate over what is to be done. People don’t want drone strikes, but they also don’t want terrorists. So what is the government’s real position?” Umar Nadeem, a master’s student in engineering management and a native of Pakistan, voiced disappointment over the unspecific nature of the talk. “He didn’t really go into the actions and steps, it was more just inspiration,” Nadeem said. “It will take much longer than 10 years. Maybe double that, or more.”
THURSDAY, novembeR 7, 2013 | 7
TWO DAY EXTRAVAGANZA Friday Pep Rally K-Ville DJ and Free Pizza Starting at 3:30p.m. Men’s Basketball vs. Davidson at 7:00p.m.
Saturday Free Food, DJ, Prizes and More 1:30p.m.-3:30p.m. @ The Murray Building (Duke students only) Game starts at 4pm @ Wallace Wade sportswrap october 21, 2013
KEVIN SHAMIEH/THE CHRONICLE
The Chronicle covers Duke sports
WITHIN STRIKING sportswrap DISTANCE october 28, 2013
CHARLOTTESVILLE COMEBACK HAS DUKE 1 WIN FROM ANOTHER BOWL WOMEN’S SOCCER: UPSETS NO. 9 NOTRE DAME • MEN’S SOCCER: PICKS UP FIRST ACC VICTORY
GATORADE SHOWERS RUNNETH OVER AS DUKE UPSETS VA. TECH
sportswrap november 4, 2013
THANH-HA NGUYEN/THE CHRONICLE
LIGHTNING ROD-NEY MEN’S SOCCER: SHUTS OUT PITTSBURGH • VOLLEYBALL: MCCURDY SETS DIGS RECORD
jack white/the chRONicLe
MEN’S BASKETBALL: ROUTS BOWIE STATE IN EXHIBITION • VOLLEYBALL: TAKES 1ST PLACE IN ACC
ACC Basketball Preview published tomorrow
Complete sports coverage... dukechronicle.com
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THE BLUE ZONE
DUKE FOOTBALL INJURY REPORT sports.chronicleblogs.com www.dukechroniclesports.com
THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 7, 2013
THE BATTLE FOR N.C. BEGINS Blue Devils host N.C. State in 1st of 3 in-state matchups in November by Zac Elder THE CHRONICLE
Remember, remember, the month of November. Fresh off an undefeated October, the Blue Devils will head NC State into the final month of the regular season vs. looking to improve Duke upon a 1-19 November record during head coach David SATURDAY, 4 p.m. Wallace Wade Stadium Cutcliffe’s five years at the helm. When Duke welcomes crosstown foe N.C. State to Wallace Wade Stadium Saturday at 4 p.m., the Blue Devils will have a chance to pick up their seventh win of the season—securing a winning record for the first time since 1994. “Win or lose, it’s still the best part of college football,” Cutcliffe said about the final month of the regular season. “It’s never easy, but it’s not supposed to be easy. It’s not for the average teams. We want to do something special, and we know what we have to do. Whether we will or won’t, that’s anybody’s guess right now.” Not only are the Blue Devils (6-2, 2-2 in the ACC) trying to improve their standing for potential bowl bids, but they are also trying to assert themselves as North Carolina’s premier football team. Last year Duke won both of its conference matchups against
CHRONICLE FILE PHOTO
Quarterback Anthony Boone scored a touchdown last season against in-state rival North Carolina and anticipates a similar atmosphere this weekend against N.C. State. in-state rivals, defeating Wake Forest and North Carolina. Three of the Blue Devils’ last four games this year are against in-state opponents, starting with the Wolfpack. “It’s a big game for us for lots of reasons, but mostly because it’s a crosstown rival,” Cutcliffe said. “I think it’s fun for the fanbases to have this opportunity, for both
schools, to have this game.” Duke enters Saturday’s matchup on a four-game win streak, and the Wolfpack (3-5, 0-5) are on a four-game losing streak. Plagued by injuries, especially on the offensive side of the ball, N.C. State is winless in conference play and only has two wins against FBS teams.
Quarterback Brandon Mitchell broke his foot in the Wolfpack’s season opener against Louisiana Tech and missed five games before returning to action against Florida State two weeks ago. But Mitchell has looked out of sync since his return, throwing two picks and no touchdowns against the Seminoles and then again against North Carolina last week. Backup Pete Thomas threw for more than 1,300 yards in Mitchell’s stead, completing 60.8 percent of his passes. Duke will most likely see a combination of Mitchell and Thomas Saturday. Although struggles at quarterback and injuries to key wide receivers Bryan Underwood and Johnathan Alston have hampered the Wolfpack offense, N.C. State’s running game has found some success. The Wolfpack averages 184.1 rushing yards per game. But N.C. State only scores 23 points per game despite its success on the ground. One bright spot for the Wolfpack this year has been its special teams, especially its kicking game. Junior Niklas Slade has hit 17-of-19 field goal attempts and has only one miss from inside 50 yards. “Their place kicker is tremendous,” Cutcliffe said. “Their punter is doing a good job. They’re second in the conference in punt returns. They’re doing a lot of things really well there.” The Blue Devils took advantage of a bye See FOOTBALL, page 13
Duke seeks revenge on Hairston named captain UVA in ACC tournament by Daniel Carp THE CHRONICLE
by Brian Mazur THE CHRONICLE
With the stakes higher than ever, the Blue Devils hope to avenge a loss that they suffered earlier in the season. Fourth-seeded Duke will travel to Boston this week for the ACC tournament and will face fifth-seeded Virginia Thursday morning at No. 5 Virginia 11 a.m. The Blue Devils vs. have historically struggled against the CavaNo. 4 liers, going 1-8 against Duke them since 2007, inTHURSDAY, 11 a.m. cluding back-to-back Newton FH Complex ACC tournament losses in 2009 and 2010. Duke lost to Virginia 4-3 earlier this season in Charlottesville, Va. “[Virginia] is a great offensive team,” head coach Pam Bustin said. “But part of that was some of the breakdowns and mistakes that we created. We learned from that and we know some of their tendencies now so hopefully we
can match that with some better defensive organization and quicker transitional play.” In its Oct. 18 meeting with the Cavaliers, Duke (13-5, 3-3 in the ACC) fell behind early as Virginia (15-4, 3-3) forward Elly Buckley scored three early goals. But the Blue Devils fought back and cut the Virginia lead to just one goal late in the game. Duke, however, could not convert on a couple of late opportunities and dropped its second straight ACC game. With the game lingering in the players’ minds, they will look to down the Cavaliers on a bigger stage. To do so, they will have to overcome the habitual slow starts the team has experienced this season, including last weekend against Maryland when the Blue Devils found themselves down 3-0 at halftime. Duke has played strong non-conference opponents this year, such as No. 10 Stanford and No. 9 Princeton, in addition to a grueling See FIELD HOCKEY, page 13
Senior forward Josh Hairston has been added as a team captain for Duke this year, the team announced in a press release Wednesday afternoon. Hairston will join classmate Tyler Thornton and redshirt sophomore Rodney Hood as the Blue Devils’ captains for the 201314 season. “Josh is certainly deserving of being one of our captains this year,” Duke head coach Mike Krzyzewski JOSH HAIRSTON said in a press release. Duke basketball captain “He has been an excellent player for us and a leader during his first three years. He is someone that has supported his teammates about as well as anybody and our players look to him for that support. With Josh joining Tyler [Thornton] and Rodney [Hood], we have three youngsters that form a great leadership team.”
Hairston averaged 2.6 points and 2.1 rebounds in 12.7 minutes per game last season. He appeared in 35 of Duke’s 36 games and made six starts in place of injured forward Ryan Kelly. The senior is expected to the first forward off the bench for the Blue Devils this season when the team kicks off its new season Friday against Davidson at Cameron Indoor Stadium. “It is a blessing and a dream come true,” Hairston said. “I’ve dreamed of being a captain on a Duke basketball team. I am very grateful to Coach K and our coaching staff, as well as my teammates for this amazing opportunity.” The Fredricksburg, Va., native is known as one of the Blue Devils’ most fiery competitors, taking a team-leading 20 charges last season. After being passed up when Krzyzewski named his first two captains in September, Hairston said he did not allow that decision to alter the way he performed on the practice floor. When Krzyzewski called a team meeting Tuesday night to discuss the Blue Devils’ See HAIRSTON, page 13
12 | THURSDAY, NOVEMBER november 7, 2013
Parker passes away at 101 by Staff Reports THE CHRONICLE
Clarence “Ace” Parker, a three-sport athlete and former All-American at Duke, passed away Wednesday morning in Portsmouth, Va. He was 101 years old. On the gridiron, Parker was a two-time All-American selection as a halfback for famed Duke head coach Wallace Wade. Playing from 1934-36, Parker rushed for 1,856 yards and 21 touchdowns. Parker’s Blue Devils went 24-5 during his collegiate career and won two Southern Conference championships. In addition to lining up in the backfield, Parker was also a standout punter and still holds Duke’s single-game punting record. Parker punted 17 times for 804 yards in a game against Georgia Tech in 1936, a record that will likely never be broken. On the diamond, Parker also was a standout outfielder for Duke’s baseball team, batting .336 in 1935 and .337 in 1937. Taking a year off from baseball, Parker also lettered in basketball for the Blue Devils in 1936. Parker was a second-round draft pick by the NFL’s Brooklyn Dodgers in 1937. He led the NFL in passing in 1938 and was named the league’s MVP in 1940. Parker was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1972. He was the only Hall of Fame inductee in history to reach 100 years of age. Playing two MLB seasons with the Philadelphia Athletics, Parker became the third player in Major League history to homer in his first-career at bat when he did so on April 30, 1937. Following his professional career, Parker returned to Duke and served as an assistant football coach from 1947-65. He also managed the Blue Devil baseball team from 1953-66, winning one Southern Conference championship and two ACC titles. He led Duke to the College World Series in 1953 and 1961. Parker also managed the minor league’s Durham Bulls for four seasons from 1949-52. Parker was a member of the inaugural class of the Duke Athletics Hall of Fame in 1975.
XIRUI LIU/THE CHRONICLE
With Marshall Plumlee as the team’s only true center, the Blue Devils’ undersized interior will be tested for the first time against a Division I opponent Friday.
from page 1
Parker, a freshman and the second-ranked player in his recruiting class, will get his first real taste of Division I basketball Friday. Touted as the top high school basketball player since LeBron James by Sports Illustrated, Parker spent most of the summer getting back into playing shape after being hampered by a foot injury for the majority of his senior season of high school. The freshman has found his form thus far. In the Blue Devils’ two preseason tune-ups, Parker averaged 14.5 points and thrilled the Cameron Crazies with a few highlight-reel dunks. With a heavyweight matchup looming Tuesday against No. 5 Kansas and preseason All-American Andrew Wiggins, the Blue Devils have to be careful not to overlook Davidson, a historically scrappy team. The Wildcats finished with a record of 26-8 last year and nearly pulled off a shocking upset of third-seeded Marquette in the second round of the NCAA tournament. “We feel confident,” Hood said. “But we also know that Davidson is more than capable of coming in here and upsetting us. We have to have their type of mentality as far as being hungry and having a competitive mentality. We have to do the little things just like they do.” Davidson lost Jake Cohen, a 6-foot-10, 235-pound forward who was their top scorer and shot-blocker last year. The Wildcats are counting on two freshmen, Joe Aase and Andrew McAuliffe, to step in and help fill Cohen’s shoes. Duke’s toughest challenge in its season-opener could be senior forward De’mon Brooks. Last season, Brooks ranked was among the team leaders in almost all statistical categories, and led Davidson in rebounds and steals. At 6-foot-7 and 230 pounds, Brooks can wreak havoc on both ends of the floor. He was recently named the Southern Conference Preseason Player of the Year for the second consecutive year.
One thing to keep an eye on is the stricter enforcement of hand-check rules by the officials, something that the NCAA has made a point of emphasis heading into the season. In an effort to increase scoring and open up the floor, the NCAA sent out memos to all Division I coaches reminding them that defenders will be whistled for fouls if they keep their hands on opponents. It will take time for teams to get acclimated to this new style of officiating, as evidenced by the Blue Devils’ 36 personal fouls in their exhibition contests. “It’s definitely going to be tough,” senior captain Tyler Thornton said. “Especially when you’re trying to apply pressure to a team—if they’re attacking you and you put your hand on them, that’s automatically going to get called. It’s a change for everybody, so it’s not like we’re at an advantage or disadvantage when it comes to the hand-checking. But we just have to adjust and use it to our advantage the best that we can.”
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Senior Emmie Le Marchand will lead the Blue Devils into ACC tournament play.
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ACC slate, something that should help them in the tournament. “Hopefully our schedule throughout the season has prepared us for this,” Bustin said. “That is good preparation for postseason play.” The offensive attack, spearheaded by senior forward Emmie Le Marchand, will need to get shots on the goal early and often, establishing an early presence on the offensive end. Le Marchand leads the team with 11 goals and 55 shots this season. Bustin hopes her team can correct the mistakes from the Maryland game, both to improve their play against Virginia and to prepare for a potential matchup against a first-seeded Terrapin team in second round. Maryland has been the country’s top team for more than a kakuro_398C.txt month, and has received a bye for the first
round of the tournament. The Terrapins also knocked the Blue Devils out of the first round of the ACC tournament last season. “After Saturday’s game, it gave us plenty to look at, review and really just get us back on track and sharpen things up going into the [ACC] tournament,” Bustin said. “As disappointing as the result was on Saturday, we were grateful that it wakes us up and gets us in order.” Senior defenders Paula Heimbach and Brenna Rescigno will have their hands full with Buckley and the Virginia attack that tore through their lines in the last matchup. Buckley comes into the game leading the ACC in shots and goals per game, while the Cavaliers are 19th in scoring nationally. Although Duke gave up a season-high five goals to Maryland, the defense has exhibited consistency and shown flashes of dominance, giving up 1.42 goals per game. Redshirt sophomore goalkeeper Lauren Blazing, who is the anchor of the defense, has been tough to score on this season and only let 21.4 percent of opposing shots in the cage during the regular season. “Elly Buckley was a big threat for [Virginia],” senior forward McKay Ross said. “As long as we can contain her and put someone on her and keep attacking the goal... we can score against them with no problem.” Bustin is looking to her six seniors and two graduate students to lead the team through the tournament, and in the long run, to the NCAA tournament. “These guys have been the ones preparing to create exactly where we are now,” Bustin said. “For three years, they have made the changes and done the things necessary to put this program where we are today. I want them to enjoy it and finish it.”
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job in that regard. I think it has made it easier for us to adjust and apply a few new things and find things that we need in the second half.” Duke has not played in Wallace Wade Stadium since its Oct. 12 matchup against the Midshipmen. The Blue Devils return to Durham for the first of four remaining games against ACC opponents and a chance to knock off an in-state rival that they have only played three times in the past decade. “Human nature is going to take over when you play North Carolina State or North Carolina or Wake Forest, anybody that there is a close tie to,” Cutcliffe said. “I like to see the [fans] get cranked up.... When I was at Ole Miss, it was LSU and Mississippi State. If you didn’t change, then you didn’t belong there. There is something wrong with you. Fan or player or coach, that’s the kind of mentality you expect to see.”
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week to get healthy following their upset victory against Virginia Tech two weeks ago. Senior cornerback Ross Cockrell went down with an ankle injury in the second quarter against the Hokies and only played one snap in the second half. Linebackers Kelby and Kyler Brown, who have both battled injuries this season, also spent much of the bye week working to get back to 100 percent. “One of the biggest issues we’ve faced since we’ve been here is having enough players to stay healthy for November,” Cutcliffe said. “We can’t hide behind that right now. That’s not who we are. We’re a pretty healthy football team for November.” With a slew of healthy running backs, Cutcliffe and his staff made the decision to utilize senior tailback Juwan Thompson as a linebacker. Thompson recorded three tackles in one series against Virginia Tech, and will continue to see action on the defensive side of the ball. Thompson adds an element of speed to the banged up linefrom page 11 backing corps, a unit that has proved effective this season despite health issues. Duke’s experienced line and youthful season-opener against Davidson, college basbut talented secondary have also contrib- ketball’s all-time winningest coach got a little uted to the best Blue Devil defense in the emotional when he announced to his team Cutcliffe era. Duke has held its opponents that Hairston would join the ranks as captain. scoreless in seven quarters during its past “Coach kind of teared up when he was three games, including a first half shutout telling us that [Hairston] was going to be a against Virginia Tech and second half shut- captain,” junior point guard Quinn Cook said. outs against Navy and Troy. The Blue Devils Hairston, caught completely by surprise, are giving up just 22.5 points per game, the had no idea what to expect. “It kind of caught me off guard because I 36th-best scoring defense in the nation. “This goes all the way back to spring didn’t know how to react to it,” Hairston said. practice and rebuilding this defensive sys- “I remember exactly what he said and I’ll reThe New Times Syndication Corporation member it forever. He said he loves when one tem,” Cutcliffe said.York “[Defensive coordina- Sales 620 Eighth Avenue, New York, N.Y. guys cross the bridge and become men.” tor] Jim Knowles has done a tremendous of his10018
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Framing follies A new service-learning promotional advertisement suggests that, if you wish to engage in service-learning, you must be “tired of the traditional classroom model.” The ad further challenges the idea that one could “ignite a passion” in a normal classroom. Service-learning has long been a worthwhile supplement to traditional class work, but the poster hints at a different—and more problematic—trend in Duke’s campus discourse: framing non-traditional college activities, most notably “startups,” and schoolwork as mutually exclusive. Recently, senior Tito Bohrt credited his startup success to Duke, donating $10,000 to the Duke Forward campaign. While Bohrt attributes his accomplishments to Duke, he draws a clear distinction between his success in the entrepreneurial world and his relative failure in Duke’s academic scene. “I decided not to play that game,” he declared, referring to traditional models of collegiate success. This distinction reflects a tendency to frame startups as conflicting with scholastic or intellectual pursuits. And this framing implies a trade-off between an entrepreneurial spirit and academic vigor. Framing the issue in this way, although likely unintentional, is implicitly denigrating to traditional
forms of inquiry. We may not intend to imply that startups are more valuable, but by framing the issue as an either-or debate, we tend to make this conjecture. Instead, we should remember that learning in a traditional classroom setting is crucial in order to
Editorial applying that knowledge outside of the classroom. Duke should encourage both classroom learning and entrepreneurial activities, casting them as partners in a powerful team. Colleges are designed to teach people how to think and how to learn, not simply how to produce their own company. By overemphasizing the latter, we risk de-emphasizing the former. Duke should recognize that, although it would be very difficult to produce the startup culture of a school like Stanford given our location, it would also be tough to attain the hyperintellectual culture of a school like University of Chicago given our history and current path. Instead of carving out new arenas in which to compete, Duke should capitalize on a recent strength: interdisciplinarity in and
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fter two weeks of crystal beaches, endless calamari and awkward sunburns, I am pleased to report that I survived South Africa and have returned from my trip abroad. For those who missed my last column, I’ve been chilling in South Africa for the past two weeks as part of my Duke Immerse program, doing things like embracing the culture and learning stuff. Hooray for Duke-funded educational excursions! While it’s been a little weird being on campus again (turns out, life at Duke really does go on without me—who knew?), since I’ve been back, I’ve found myself regularly doing two things. One: feeling really cool when people ask what I did this past weekend (“Oh, you know, the usual. I was in South Africa learning about apartheid and drinking tequila sunrises.”) And two: having to explain what exactly Duke Immerse is since apparently someone in the advertising department sucks at their job. And once I get through my now-prepared monologue about how Duke Immerse is an intensive, semester-long program composed of seminars that meet twice a week and focus on interdisciplinary approaches to a single issue that is then supplemented by a trip abroad, I can usually count on a similar set of responses. So since you, like, never have classes, you, like, basically have a free semester, right? Uh, no, I probably have more work this semester than ever before. But let’s be real (*chuckles because I’m a humanities major*), your workload is like SUPER easy and you don’t really have to do anything right? Actually, I do a lot, and if it was really that easy, then I’m not sure why I still end up bursting into tears at 2:00 a.m. on a Thursday night because I’m struggling to write a paper and interpret that to mean I’m inadequate in every way and destined for a desolate life of failure. And the last thing people usually ask about: So you only have 12 people in all four classes? The same people? Isn’t that weird? This is one of the more legitimate responses I’ve received, as I was actually concerned about that myself. You see, I didn’t really know anyone else in the program, and I knew that if they ended up all being a--holes, there was nothing I could do about it and would still have to endure an entire two-week trip with them. So I took a bit of a risk. And although a few students were already friends, for the most part, no one else knew anyone either. But while we left to South Africa as still relative strangers, we didn’t stay that way for long. In general, I think when Duke throws together random students who don’t know each other, it can easily result in either everyone
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out of the classroom. Through programs like Bass Connections, Duke has the opportunity to blend academic rigor with practical applications and to fuse classroom studies and the startup spirit in a way that has not been done before. Interdisciplinarity is Duke’s pivot point; it allows us to lean towards either academics or entrepreneurship. Balancing these interests in a collaborative environment that fosters both activities will be a challenge for interdisciplinarity going forward. Duke may be able to carve a niche for itself by harnessing our commitment to “knowledge in the service of society” and applying it to the startup world. Social entrepreneurship stemming from inclass learning is a concept that has great potential to be a central tenet of a Duke education. It is important to remember, however, that the traditional function of a university is to teach students. While teaching and entrepreneurship do not have to be incompatible, it is important that Duke focuses on its teaching mission while searching for ways to incorporate a startup culture into its already robust academic offerings. Many of the recent framing follies suggest that these goals are at odds. This ought to change.
14 | THURSDAY, novembeR november 7, 2013
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secretly hating each other or the formation of weird, elitist social cliques. So what genuinely surprised me on this trip was that neither of
Michelle Menchaca making connections those two things happened. Since our late afternoons and evenings were free from the start, we spent an immense amount of time in each other’s presence getting to know one another. And sure, some of that time was spent going to nice restaurants and sipping red wine because we’re classy like that, but a lot of it was also spent simply talking about our lives while hanging out in the guys’ room. And it’s interesting how quickly the conversation flows from the mundane to the more serious when people start opening up about themselves. I think everyone puts up a front of some sort— an image they convey to the rest of the world that rarely captures the entirety of who they are. So it’s refreshing to sit and listen to someone tell you something personal about themselves, to reveal to you their sadness and pain but also their successes. That level of vulnerability is powerful and reminds me why I love it here. I know I get down on myself a lot being at a place like Duke. I see all these intelligent and accomplished people around me, and I can’t help but feel like I’m so much less than everyone else. But that’s such a horrible mentality to have here. Being on this trip reminded me how lucky I am to be surrounded by so many incredible people, people who’s stories and struggles inspire me and make me think about the world around me in so many new ways. I’m not saying I learned everything about everyone, but the insights I gained about both others and myself were truly meaningful. South Africa was a fascinating place that broadened my understanding of the political and social dynamics that influence urban policymaking at the municipal level. So basically: Don’t worry, Duke, because I learned all the educational stuff I was supposed to. But I also gained so much more than just academic knowledge. I gained an appreciation for the quality and content of the people I see every day but don’t always take the chance to see into, and that is what will stay with me long after this program ends. Michelle Menchaca is a Trinity sophomore. Her column runs every other Thursday.
THURSDAY, novembeR november 7, 2013 | 15
Why i’m “hypersensitive” to race
am incredibly exhausted from constantly contending with the notion that I am fundamentally, exceptionally and inherently inferior, by birth, by intellectual weakness and by an animalistic propensity for self-destruction, self-indulgence and violence—that I am the sole source of my own misfortune and that I should just be less lazy and ugly and stupid and criminal and tell “my people” to get their act together. And the fact that so many people believe and
Ronnie Wimberley Jr. guest column affirm this erodes at the very core of my being to the point where I’m wondering why I’m even fighting people who insist on not seeing me, but defining me. You want to know how to break a person’s spirits? Tell him that he has every freedom and the ineluctable responsibility to define himself and his future, but then constantly remind him, feed him and shove down his throat that he is objectively and fundamentally “less than.” Ask him, “How?” Tell him to reconcile that difference, but give him no ground. Keep telling the story of black* inferiority, recklessness, violence, incompetence with every news article, on every website, on every television show and every time you see a black* person walking and cross to the other side of the street. Continue to reinforce and essentialize blackness*. Then look at me. And explain to me why first I’m black*, then I’m Ronnie.
As a black* student at Duke, if my presence isn’t explained away by affirmative action, then it’s “Oh, but you’re the exception. You’re not really black*,” and just like that, every accomplishment I’ve ever had is immediately and fundamentally disconnected from my race. Black* means “lesser other,” and it couldn’t possibly mean anything else. Regardless of what I actually believe, think or know, I am, without a choice, black*. You want to know why I’m hypersensitive to race*? You want to know why I’m “angry?” Because I’m tired of fighting. I always have to defend “my race,” whether I want to or not, whether I agree or disagree, and it is unbelievably exhausting. I would love to stop talking about or thinking about or defending black*, but I can’t. I constantly have my identity denied, my presence ignored, my experiences invalidated, my realities rejected and my sense of self erased, supplanted and defined by, organized around and reduced to black*. The fact of the matter is this: I did not create black*. I don’t contribute to black*. Black* is a pared down, essentialized story told over and over again as truth. It was founded and established by the need to anchor an unchanging social hierarchy and packaged as “my responsibility.” I could be the most vicious criminal or the prettiest princess angel, and it wouldn’t change a damn thing about blackness*. It’s an imposed reality, and as long as it exists, I will remain invisible, just another body under its definition, and you will never see me. So let me introduce myself. My name is Ronnie JaMaal Wimberley Jr., and I am not black*. I am black. And it’s time we recognized that difference.
edit pages Ronnie Wimberley Jr. is a Trinity junior.
Professionals in education
he summer before my senior year of college, I decided that I wanted to pursue a career in teaching high school social studies. As my aspirations began to take shape and I began to look around me for ways to access such a career, I stumbled across an overwhelming amount of opportunities. Even a cursory search for post-graduate teaching opportunities was akin to drinking from a fire hose. As my initial search became more refined and
Joseph Holthaus guest column critical, I began to reflect on what I believed would make me the best teacher possible. As a result, I made the decision to pursue a master’s degree in teaching. Indeed, this decision stemmed from the realization that not all post-graduate teaching opportunities are equal in terms of their intention and preparative quality. Specifically, I chose to pursue a master’s degree because these programs went to great lengths to provide their students with both experiential and theoretical preparation. Additionally, the intent behind the Master of Arts in Teaching Program is to foster professional teaching careers, not philanthropic teaching vacations for recent college graduates. It is impossible to talk about education these days without unpacking the many problems entrenched within schools. What exactly these problems are depend on who you are speaking with, where the school is located, what demographics are represented in the school
and countless other additional factors. Along with every supposed problem exists a multitude of “silver bullet” solutions, which make weighty demands on teachers. And these solutions and demands often contradict one another. For example, teachers must encourage formative assessments and creativity, but still prepare students for end-of-year standardized tests. They must lecture to prepare students for college while still encouraging group work and participatory learning. Within the teaching practice, research can mandate one method, the state legislature can mandate another and the method used by teacher’s colleagues can contradict each of these. Due to the complexity of schooling, requisite professionalism of teachers is exactly why a master’s degree is necessary. This is why I chose to enroll in Duke University’s Master of Arts in Teaching Program. My educational psychology and philosophy classes give me a theoretical framework to be continuously reflective and creative in my practice. The 27-week internship component in Durham public schools allows me to develop and test out these theories in a classroom and under the watchful eye of a seasoned mentor-teacher. The history classes in Duke’s graduate school deepen my content knowledge, allowing for me to be well versed in the social studies discipline. It is time that we shed the dominant narrative of teaching as a philanthropic “calling” and replace it with what teachers really are: professionals in education. They should be trained and treated as such. Joseph Holthaus is a graduate student in the Master of Arts in Teaching Program.
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very October, a certain quote has special meaning in the American Jewish community. In the fifth chapter of the Book of Judges, the song of Deborah refers to there being “great decisions of the heart” among the clans of Reuben. In that case, it refers to their lack of participation in a war of self-defense against King Jabin of the Canaanites and his general, Sisera. In the modern era, it is nothing so weighty as an actual war but more of a cultural struggle—what do we do on Halloween? More specifically, what should we do on Halloween, and how do we talk about this with our families?
Jeremy Yoskowitz the duke rav “Should” is a word that is fraught with peril. Its usage can connote an unquestionable command and, given the way that Jewish law works, it is not a small matter to ask a rabbi what one should or should not do—since once a legal question is asked, the answer is binding on not only the person who asked the question but all who hear it. This leads to people being very careful in what questions they ask and how they are phrased, as well as to rabbis being very careful in the way that they frame what can be binding answers. It always comes up with Halloween, more than any other holiday that is part of American civil religion, because even more so than St. Valentine’s Day or St. Patrick’s Day, it is seen as a holiday with a difficult religious past and associations that make some people uncomfortable. So let’s get that part out of the way. Whether Halloween is seen as a pagan holiday or a Christian holiday, we know it isn’t a Jewish one. This leads to many rabbis very carefully writing things about “I’m not telling you what to do, but here are some things to think about…” I’ve done that, particularly when working with younger teens and families—because who wants to be the authority figure that killed the fun? So I’m not killing the fun. Not because Halloween is suddenly a Jewish holiday or that it should be in any way divorced from its actual history, particularly since I would much prefer that people have a clear and deep understanding of the holidays they observe and celebrate! Nor am I suggesting that Halloween should be “celebrated” by people who don’t hold to the traditions from which that holiday comes. What I am suggesting is that some of the fun of the holiday can come from a place of deep faith. More specifically, trick or treating is something that I think can manifest itself as a particularly faithful act. Not the act of going from house to house, and certainly not the call of “trick or treat” with the historically implied threat! Instead, the simple act of opening your door to not only complete strangers, but complete strangers who often completely conceal their identities. We open our doors and offer food to anyone that comes calling. This is an amazing act of building community and one that any faith should value. It is even mirrored in a Jewish custom related to the spring holiday of Purim, when we proactively go out to offer gifts of food to our neighbors as well as to those in need. But there is an even greater, and more central, custom at play here, related to the single largest worldwide Jewish observance—the Passover Seder, the festive meal during which we recount the story of the Exodus from Egypt. One of the ways that we open the Seder is with the words “all who are hungry, let them come and eat.” Some people even open their doors at this time as a symbolic act of inviting people in—should someone be sitting outside their door and waiting, they will hopefully be invited inside to join the meal. But really, how often does that happen? How often do we open our doors to the hungry, and how often do we find the hungry standing outside? For most of us, the answer is rarely. There are a variety of very good reasons for this in many cases, including the simple fact that, for many of us, we don’t live in places where people ever come to our doors and ask for food. Even on Halloween, when we freely open our doors, we know, or at least expect, that many of those knocking aren’t doing so because they’re hungry, and we’re not offering them substantive food. But it is a start. If you’re comfortable opening your doors to all who knock on Halloween, why not make this holiday observance part of your daily life? And if you don’t want to open your door, then why not knock on another’s door and offer your help? One of the hallmarks of this amazing Duke community is the number of people here who are so deeply committed to performing deeds of loving kindness and serving the community. It’s not simply a job or a resume builder, but something that we, as a community, believe in and value. So let’s always enter into it with the joy we see on Halloween, opening our doors to all those who come and knocking on the doors of those who can’t come to help ensure that their needs are met. Jeremy Yoskowitz is the campus rabbi and assistant director for Jewish life. His column runs every other Thursday. Send Rabbi Jeremy a message on Twitter @TheDukeRav.
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Department of Asian & Middle Eastern Studies Exciting courses for Spring 2014 For more information please contact 668-2603 AMES 118S/REL 161YS
Religion and Culture in Korea
This course introduces you to the dynamics of contemporary Korean religions: Shamanism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Christianity, Islam and new religions including Kimilsungism. From a global perspective, we look critically at the diverse expressions of Korean religions in popular culture, politics, economy, literature, sports, and media. You will gain a firm grasp of how contemporary Korean religions reflect Korea’s two-pronged effort, namely, to be international and at the same time to preserve its unique cultural, ethnic heritage. Professor Hwansoo Kim
AMES 311S/AMI 266S/ICS 311S/VMS 354S
Sources of “resonance” in international cinema, especially in films from Asia and the Middle East. Aspects of film construction which conduce to intense experience for viewers. Yasujiro Ozu, Satyajit Ray, Tsai Ming-Liang, Lee Changdong, Hou Hsiao-Hsien and others. Introduction to indigenous aesthetics in India, China, Japan, Korea and the Arab World. Professor Satti Khanna
AMES 322/REL 263/ICS 323
This course aims at exploring and examining the tradition of mysticism in literature of world, British, and American writers. The objective is to introduce graduate and undergraduate students to numerous genres and literary works that manifest a deep religious attitude or experience as a way of life and cross-cultural phenomenon. Professor Abdul Sattar Jawad
AMES 335/HIS 228/AMI 337/ICS 336
Chinatowns: A Cultural History
Explores the intersection of space and ethnicity through the myriad ways Chinatown has circulated as memory, fantasy, narrative, myth, in the dominant cultural imagination, and how lived realities of overseas Chinese communities, Asian American history, and changing conceptions of “Chineseness” have productively engaged with real and phantom Chinatowns. Research will emphasize multi-disciplinary approaches, such as urban history, architecture, ethnography, economics; or engagement in a creative project. Professor Eileen Chow
AMES 339/REL 386
A hands-on introduction to the Sufi, Salafi, Sunni, Shia, and Nation of Islam Muslims in the area and to the diverse locales, ethnicities, and practices of the Muslim community at large. A scholarly examination of Islam in America, African American Islam, mosque and school, interfaith and pluralism, and Islamic feminism. Includes field trips and group projects in the local community, films and literature about American Islam. Students will forge local relationships that will deepen and enrich your intellectual understanding of Islam, Muslims, and America. Professors Ellen McLarney and Abdullah Antepli
AMES 390S Serial Fictions: The Art of ‘To Be Continued...’ Seminar looking at the forms that seriality has taken: from Arabian Nights and Journey to the West, to Victorian serialists like Dickens and Conan Doyle, to daily ‘funnies’ and comics, anime and manga, contemporary genre fiction and endless movie sequels, this course will focus on diverse media (oral traditions, modern novels, cinema, soap operas, graphic novels, fanfiction, transmedial narratives, social media) that use the serial form as audience lure and aesthetic device. Professor Eileen Chow AMES 410/CULANTH 366/AMI 410
Trauma in Asia In the aftermath of WWII, the map of Asia was radically redrawn. The old imperial powers were forced to give up most of their colonial possessions. As new nation states were established, new colonial powers sought to replace the old European powers. One of the main tools employed by the international community in carving these new political entities and in dividing areas of dominance was territorial partitioning. The latter was anything but peaceful, and exacted a high psychological toll, both individually and collectively. It was, in other words, traumatic. This course explores how this traumatic experience was represented in documentary and narrative films in Asia, from the Pacific to the Mediterranean. Professors Nayoung Aimee Kwon and Shai Ginsburg
AMES 415S/CULANTH 315S/VMS 416S/LIT 315S/ICS 415S
This course examines the cultural politics and political economies of interethnic intimacies or intercourse of and about “Asia. Literature, visual culture, and history will be read along with theories of critical race studies, gender and sexuality, postcolonialism, globalization. Topics range from missionaries and picture brides to movements of transnational capital and labor, from techno-Orientalism and “Asian exotica” to international adoptions, from virtual realities to military prostitution to interracial romance. Asks why cultural representations matter in the ways societies produce and consume objects of desire and repulsion. Professor Nayoung Aimee Kwon
Arab Women Writers Through fiction, film, autobiography and new media, students will be exposed to the writings of women from Lebanon, Iraq, Algeria, Morocco, the Arab Gulf and Egypt. Students will consider several key questions: How do Arab women contest the notion that feminism is a Western ideology? Are Arab women’s demands for justice, freedom and equality a recent trend? How have global politics impacted the articulation of Arab women’s rights? Have the recent revolutions in the Arab world shaped a new discourse? The course will address major debates surrounding the roles of women in war, marriage, and Islamization. Professor miriam cooke
AMES 439/CULANTH 335/WOMENST430/LIT 429/AMI 439/VMS 439
This new course will examine queer-themed Chinese cultural phenomena, particularly literary and cinematic works from twentieth century China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong. We will examine how the shifting configurations of identity and desire reflected in queer texts are informed by an array of socio-cultural, legal, and practical considerations. Readings will also include historical, anthropological, and sociological writings, as well as works in queer theory and gender studies. The undergraduate and graduate sections of this course will cover similar material, though the graduate section will pursue the material in more depth. Professor Carlos Rojas
The Arabian Nights in the West The course aims at introducing the student to the most popular world literature in the West, The One Thousand and One Nights (alf layla wa layla). This collection of Oriental frame tales captured the imagination of generations of Western readers and prominent writers. The Arabian Nights presents in both classical Arabic and vernacular- fairy tales, romances, fables, legends, parables, anecdotes, erotica, debates, and adventures in which the main narrative is embedded within a preliminary narrative. The Night’s narrative techniques have appeared in the works of other English and European writers in a steady stream up to the modern times. Professor Abdul Sattar Jawad