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Graduate School




The Chronicle T H E I N D E P E N D E N T D A I LY AT D U K E U N I V E R S I T Y



Study sheds light on child math abilities


Kori Schake talks women in military

The piano woman

by Yiyun Zhu The ChroniCle

A recent study sheds light on possible ways to improve children’s mathematical abilities based on babies’ instinctive sense of number. According to the new research from the Duke institute for Brain Sciences, babies who are better at telling the difference between large and small groups of items are more likely to be better at math in the future. The paper, published in the Proceedings of the national Academy of Sciences last Monday, suggested that infants’ innate number sense is predicative of their later math achievements. if educators can develop ways to improve number sense at this age, it might improve their future math skills. “We wanted to understand where mathematical cognition comes from,” said elizabeth Brannon, psychology and neuroscience professor and an author on the study. “one of the unique aspects of humanity is the ability for mathematics. We don’t see monkeys and trees do calculus.” Previous studies suggested that general sense of quantity correlates with standardized math scores. The goal of this research is to understand the directionality of this relationship, said Ariel Starr, an author of the study and graduate student in the department of psychology and neuroscience. “Maybe you could have a better number sense, and it’s easier to learn math. or maybe if you are more exposed to math, that sharpens your number sense.” she said. See BABIES page 5

by Katie Becker The ChroniCle


The DUU Visual Arts Committee put two painted pianos on West Campus as part of the Arts Festival.

The former deputy director for policy planning in the U.S. State Department gave a talk about the military’s recent decision to integrate women into combat Tuesday evening. in July, the U.S. military told Congress that every branch plans to open combat positions to women by 2016, but will maintain current performance and physical standards. Kori Schake, who spoke at the Sanford School of Public Policy, is a research fellow at the hoover institution at Stanford University, a conservative public policy think tank. During former President George W. Bush’s first term, she was the director for defense strategy and requirements on the national Security Council, before working at the State Department from 2007-2008. She also worked as senior policy adviser for the McCain-Palin presidential campaign. The Alexander hamilton Society, a See COMBAT, page 8

Duke report to secure High Point market funding by Zaynah Alam The ChroniCle

A report released by the Duke Center on Globalization, Governance and Competitiveness will be used as a basis for securing government funding for the high Point Market. high Point Market, a biannual furniture exposition in high Point, n.C., generates over $212 million in local and state taxes on top of contributing more than $5.39 million to the regional economy, according to the study, which analyzed the economic impact in a 75-mile radius of the event. lukas Brun, senior research analyst at the DCGGC, presented a full execu-

tive summary on the economic impact of high Point Market at a press conference october 18. The Market released an initial portion of the findings earlier this month. This assessment of high Point Market’s economic value comes soon after a budget proposed earlier this year by Governor Pat McCrory that threatened future government funding for the event, which next takes place in April. Dialogue among legislators and industry members led many to realize the true value of high Point Market was unknown which prompted the study, said Guilford County state representative John Faircloth.

“We came to the realization that we didn’t have a true picture of what was happening,” Faircloth said. “The need became evident and the Market stepped forward and made the arrangement with Duke.” A task group created by the furniture market to educate legislators and industry members about the market initiated the study with the DCGGC, he said. Doug Bassett, chairman of of the board for high Point Market Authority and president of Vaughan-Bassett Furniture, noted the value the

ARTS + Sustainability October 25 – November 3

See HIGH POINT, page 5

2 | wednesday, oCTober 30, 2013





The Chronicle

Recess interviews senior producer of Daily Show This year’s DEMAN Weekend keynote speaker is Adam Chodikoff, senior producer of “The Daily Show with Jon Stewart.” Chodikoff, Trinity ‘93, plays an essential role in the daily workings of the critically-acclaimed nightly political comedy program. The Chronicle’s Lauren Feilich spoke with Chodikoff about his time at Duke and his career. The Chronicle: Thank you so much for your time Adam Chodikoff: Well, i did write two movie reviews for the Chronicle when i was there, so... TC: Do you think that going to Duke affected your career trajectory at all? AC: Well, i think i’m going to try to talk a little bit about that [at DeMAn weekend]. i was a political science major, and in my job, it is helpful to know how a bill becomes a law, how the various committees work and the nuts and bolts of government. We track legislation and we’re not shooting from the hip, we have a knowledge of the system. Being a political science major helped in that way. TC: So you provide the raw information for writers to actually write scripts for segments? AC: it’s basically finding the funny. What is the funny angle in any given situation? A lot of these stories are dry. They’re dry as the Sahara. So it’s not like the lack of Medicaid expansion among republican governors is brimming with comedy possibilities…The writers and Jon...have to churn out pages of jokes under a strict deadline so, how do you make their job easier? By trying to find the best seven moments out of a fourhour hearing or out of Ted Cruz’s 21 hour floor speech. i’ve become adept at that, going through, watching C-SPAn or going through debates, finding the eight best comedically fertile moments. Generally keeping track of everything that’s going on in the world. That’s it in a nutshell, but i’ll expand in the speech [this week]... it’ll hopefully give a decent idea of what the hell a senior producer on “The Daily Show” does.

TC: What is the line between something subjective, like comedy, and something more ideally objective, like journalism, for you? AC: one thing we have in common with journalism is fact-checking and maintaining credibility…i have a little joke that on my gravestone, i want it to say, “Without credibility the jokes mean nothing.” if we’re just making up stuff, then why watch? We make a lot of points and arguments every night...The mainstream media has become sort of a mockable phrase, but i still believe in reliable, non-partisan force. i try to go straight down the line so our case can be super airtight and as powerful as possible. no one can come after us and say, “Jon Stewart made that up.” it’s maintaining a bulletproof defense. That’s sort of the most journalistic part of the show. TC: is there any one part of a finished product that you feel was the most important thing you’ve done for the show? AC: one of the things i’m going to be showing is from the first show we did this year. it’s when the aid for hurricane Sandy was being held up in the house, and Chris Christie was going off on Boehner, he couldn’t believe it. it’s a good breakdown of the hypocrisy of the GoP at that point and of their various defenses at the time. one of the things that i think is a hallmark of the show is to be original, to be unique. not to do a topic that all other late night shows are going to be doing, and also to aim high. TC: i do have to ask you about this coming weekend. What is your goal? What do you hope to offer students who are interested in this field? AC: i have a made-up job at a made-up show. it’s a unique job at a unique show. i don’t think there’s really anyone else out there who does what i do…There’s not much else like it in the known universe. it’s sort of odd, but hopefully it’ll be not too boring and a decent window into this unique career path that a Duke alum took...

TC: Thanks so much for your time— AC: That’s it? i hope that i was coherent and made sense. it seems like the biggest thrill is working with these geniuses. Jon’s a genius, the writers are geniuses. i get to work with people who are at the top of their profession. how many people get to do that? Work with people who are renowned on that level on a daily basis? That’s a real privilege for me. i’m so proud of the show, and it’s rare to be in TV and be proud of the show you’re working on. i’m very fortunate but i hope i do my bit for the war effort…My job is very multi-faceted and keeps me on my toes. TC: it’s every single day, a nonstop process. AC: Yeah, i like it…When you’re helping the writers and helping Jon, you’re part of this incredible enterprise that you can’t help but be proud of. You’re also helping people laugh after a long day. That’s underrated. TC: i think so too. We’re really looking forward to DeMAn. AC: i am the keynote. i’m thinking of calling the speech “Annabeth Gish Cancelled.” You know, Annabeth Gish cancelled, that’s the reason you’re talking to me. i’m replacing the woman who replaced Gillian Anderson on “The X-Files,” that shows where it is i am on the showbiz totem pole.

Full interview online at dukechronicle. com


Keep up with the Blue Devils Find all the latest Duke sports news on our sports blog


The Chronicle

wednesday, october 30, 2013 | 3

Sacred Worth holds art gallery about LGBTQ saints by Grace Wang The Chronicle

Through an ongoing art exhibit, Divinity School group Sacred Worth seeks to show that members of the LGBTQ community have always been an important part of the church. A student group that strives to create a safe environment for LGBTQ students in the church, Sacred Worth has put together an exhibit at the Divinity School student lounge to inform the Duke community about the LGBTQ saints—a broad term they use to describe LGBTQ Christians who embody faithfulness. The exhibit— named “Cloud of Witnesses: Remembering the LGBTQ Saints”—is co-sponsored by Sacred Worth and New Creation Arts, a student organization aiming to foster creative, theological and liturgical engagement with the arts at Duke Divinity and beyond. “We hope to present ‘sacred memory,’ the idea that we can remember people’s stories sacredly, some of the stories that were forgotten. We want to see the opening up of these sacred memories,” said Lynda Berg, a co-leader of Sacred Worth and third-year student at the Divinity School. The exhibit also seeks to challenge Divinity School students in terms of their perception and understanding of the LGBTQ community. “It can be really easy to go to our classes and churches without thinking about the struggles the LGBTQ community went through,” said Sarah Wilcox, the student coordinator of New Creation Arts and a third-year graduate student at the Divinity School. The exhibit was structured to imitate communion liturgy, a form of public wor-

leighton durham/The Chronicle

leighton durham/The Chronicle

ship. The sections correspond to different parts of the service, such as the call to service, confession and repentance, great thanksgiving and benediction, Berg said. The confession and repentance section includes depictions of David Kato, a Ugandan gay rights activist who was bludgeoned to death because of his sexuality. “In space like that we hope to draw people into a state of lament and confession,” said Maryanne Henderson, a member of Sacred Worth and graduate student at the Divinity School. The exhibit also features a book of

prayers and confessions, which allows people to list members of the LGBTQ community they know or write down prayers for themselves and the church. Names in the book—often those of LGBTQ people who have been murdered or committed suicide because of their sexual —go back as far as 1870, said Justin Davis, a co-leader of Sacred Worth and first-year graduate student. “The book is a way of honoring these names and recognizing that for every name in there, there are many names we don’t know,” Davis said. “We hope to reflect upon that and expect change.”

The opening day reception held Tuesday featured Rev. Katie Ricks of the Church of Reconciliation in Chapel Hill, the first lesbian woman to be ordained as a Presbyterian minister after a change of bylaws in 2012. “In the church, there are so many different fractions,” Ricks said in an interview. “But the language of the liturgy is common language to everybody. We can’t really come together around the issue of LGBT community, but we can come together around worship and faith.” More people attended this reception than any other New Creation Arts event, Wilcox said. The audience of the exhibit mainly consisted of Divinity School students and faculty. “People were passing through and really taking the time to spend with each image,” Wilcox said. The exhibit will last till the end of the semester, held at a prominent spot in the Divinity School. “Students are going to have to pass by the exhibit, so it continues to call to them and they have to engage it, even though it makes them uncomfortable...” Berg said. “Maybe just thinking about ‘why am I uncomfortable with it,’ ‘what is it that these saints represent’ and ‘how are they a part of my own tradition that I haven’t thought about?’” Davis added that it is encouraging for students to have a space that articulates issues and a history that are not often discussed. “A lot of these figures aren’t particularly famous in Christian history or even in modern history,” he said. “It’s just a great way to show people that LGBTQ people have always been a part of the church.”


4 | wednesday, oCTober 30, 2013

The Chronicle

Duke Law hosts wellness GPSC focuses on programs to lower stress student housing concerns by Carleigh Stiehm The ChroniCle

CourtneY daViS/The ChroniCle

Puppies help Law students cope with everday stress.

by Gautam Hathi The ChroniCle

The School of law hosts a series of wellness programs because law students get stressed too. The programs, which include everything from Zumba classes to Duke lemur Center tours, are designed to get students out of the law building and relieve the day-to-day pressures of being a law student. These programs are part of a larger push for wellness by the graduate and professional schools, as well as the Duke Student Wellness Center. “Sometimes when people get to law school, they think they can’t do anything other than study,” said Jason Belk, assistant dean for student affairs at the law school. “There’s a lot of work here, but we want to make sure that

people do something else other than stay in the classroom.” Belk pointed out that many students in law school tend to drop habits that previously helped them cope with stress, such as exercising or playing an instrument. Students need to have something outside of school or work to help them handle pressure, he added. The series of wellness programs at the School of law covers a wide range of activities and topics. Previous events have included yoga classes, basketball games with faculty, events in Durham and talks by speakers. Programs often involve faculty, and some of the programs have been developed with student involvement. See WELLNESS, page 5

U n d e r g r a d u at e s :

October 25 – November 3

ARTIST ON-SITE: call for submissions is now open

Chris Jordan

Student Visual Arts Exhibition and Student Performances The Project We seek work with MIDWAY a sustainabilityMedia theme crafted by Duke students to

present exhibition On Midway Atoll,in one of the and performance settings. remotest islands on our planet, tens ofdetails thousands of baby albatrosses |lie919.684.0540 | facebook @ dead, their bodies filled with plastic from the Pacific Garbage Patch. Internationally renowned artist Chris Jordan’s MIDWAY media project is a powerful visual journey into this PAINTING FILM SCULPTURE MUSIC multi-layeredPHOTOGRAPHY metaphor for our times.


See GPSC, page 8


ARTS + Sustainability


At their meeting Tuesday evening, the Graduate and Professional Student Council passed a resolution encouraging housing, Dining and residence life to prioritize graduate students’ housing concerns. The three-part resolution urged administrators to restore the program coordinator position which focused on graduate housing and called upon the GPSC community housing subcommittee to update the housing information and neighborhood report on the GPSC website. The resolution encouraged the subcommittee and the potential future program coordinator to build relationships with the Durham community to advocate for improved housing situations. President Amol Yadav, a fourth-year Ph.D. candidate in biomedical engineering, said that there is currently no member of the hDrl staff that focuses on the housing needs of graduate students. “larry Moneta is waiting for [the resolution], eagerly,” Yadav said, noting that the administration has been aware of the housing problems for a while, but Moneta, Vice President for Student Affairs, was waiting to act until he received official documentation. Yadav added that he expects to see the changes begin to be implemented within a month. in addition, the group discussed its involvements with other initiatives on-campus. in light of student movements to promote endowment transparency—including Dukeopen and Divest Duke—Attorney General Brad hover, a fifth-year Ph.D. candidate in biochemistry, introduced a new subcommit-

tee to report the pros and cons of endowment transparency. “The idea is to form a committee to investigate what would be the impacts of supporting the movements for endowment transparency,” hover said. Duke Student Government President Stefani Jones, a senior, spoke to the GPSC general assembly about the overlap between concerns of graduate and undergraduate students. She noted that DSG and GPSC can work together to better serve the entire student body. in order to give GPSC representatives a clearer picture of DSG’s role, Jones explained the structure and year-long goals of the undergraduate body. “A lot of what we are working on this year has to do with the changes going on on campus, mainly with the construction on West Campus,” Jones said. She noted that another major goal for the year is to work on the gender violence prevention policies on campus. GPSC Vice President Shannon o’Connor, a fifth-year PhD/MD candidate in biomedical engineering, said that last year the general assembly was interested in supporting DSG’s work to prevent gender and sexual violence, but was not sure how graduate students could best get involved. “i don’t see any reason why graduate students cant be incorporated into the program,” Jones said. in other business: Yadav opened a discussion with the representatives on the potential impacts of funding cuts at the national institutes of health.


Join Chris Jordan on campus October 30–31 as he shares his photos and film project and recounts the horror, beauty, grief, love, and, ultimately, healing that he experienced on Midway.

• Panel and Q&A Session, Oct 30, 7pm, Center for Documentary Studies; Reception follows • Film Preview, Midway: Message from the Gyre, Oct 31, 7pm, Nasher Museum Auditorium (Jordan will be joined by local environmental artist Bryant Holsenbeck and PhD student Pinar Yoldas, participating artists in this year’s arts festival.) The 2013 Duke Arts Festival ARTS + Sustainability is sponsored by the Office of the Vice Provost for the Arts, Duke Alumni Association, DEMAN (Duke Entertainment, Media and the Arts Network), Duke Sustainability, Duke Recycling Services, duARTs, visArts, and Duke Career Center.

Call for Nominations


he Duke University Graduate School proudly presents the 2013 Dean’s Awards for Excellence in Mentoring: Student Award to recognize the considerable efforts and accomplishments of graduate students who consistently serve as effective mentors. Designed to identify DEADLINE FOR graduate students who NOMINATIONS: embody both the letter November 15, and spirit of mentoring, 2013 these awards have taken their place among the university’s continuing efforts to cultivate a culture of mentoring.

For complete purpose statements, criteria, and online nomination forms, visit the award website at:

WELLNESS from page 4 “We recognize that it wouldn’t be helpful to have a whole bunch of speakers coming in and lecturing about wellness and balance,” Belk said. “We try to model it so we get students doing things...that are not academic or even law related just to get them out into the community or exercising or things like that.” Attendance at these events has varied. Gordon Sommers, a second year law student, said that only one other person attended a yoga class he went to. events such as trips to the lemur Center and Durham food tours, however, generally attract more interest, said Sarah Battersby, student affairs coordinator at the School of law. Some even have a waitlist, she added. Sommers said that he enjoyed the yoga class he attended, and felt that it provided a break from studying, even though there were not many others participating. More broadly, however, he felt that the existence of such programs helped to convey the message that the law school cares about its students. “law students are pretty busy, so they’re always a bit hesitant to commit to things,” Sommers said. “on the other hand, it’s nice that they have that kind of stuff available.” The law school’s wellness programs are part of a larger push in the graduate and professional schools to emphasize student wellness, said Brittany o’Malley, program coordinator at the Duke Student Wellness Center. Graduate and professional students face many of the same problems with stress as undergraduates, but much less attention is paid to graduate students, she added. “it often ends up being that the students that we end up seeing are at a crisis point, because they haven’t really had that proactive care for themselves,” o’Malley said. “Self-care or lack thereof is a very common issue in graduate or professional schools.” As a result, the Wellness Center is expanding its programs into the graduate and professional schools. The law School Wellness series, for example, was set up with help from the Wellness Center. in addition, the Center is collecting individualized wellness data on each of the graduate and professional schools to design wellness programs that better fit the needs of graduate students, o’Malley said. “Duke’s pretty cutting edge, i’d say, in terms of focusing [wellness] on graduate and professional students,” o’Malley said. “You can’t ignore graduate and professional students who are more than half of Duke’s population. You definitely can’t ignore the impact that they have on the university.”

babIES from page 1 To investigate whether number sense influences ability to learn math, researchers decided to look at babies with no knowledge of number words. They devised a longitudinal study that tracked 48 infants from the age of 6 months. in order to test babies’ innate number sense, the researchers used a change detection task to look at how sensitive infants are to changes in number. Babies are presented with two screens, one showing 10 dots and the other switching between 10 and 20 dots. Because babies, like anyone else, like to look at things that are novel and changing, if they pick up that one side is changing in number, they will spend longer looking at this number-changing side, Starr said. “We found that the babies looked at both, and then they really lock in on the side that is changing between 10 and 20 dots because that changing number is really exciting for them,” she added. At the age of 3.5 the babies’ math ability and general iQ were assessed using standardized tests, Brannon said. it was discovered that the babies who spend more time looking at the number-changing screen displayed higher standardized math

scores 3.5 years later, suggesting that number sense in infancy predicts math ability in early childhood. But babies’ innate number sense was not found to predict their iQ scores. “So it wasn’t just that smarter babies are better at math,” Starr noted. “it’s the babies who are better at this specific type of task that show greater math achievements.” Babies who have a better number sense are likely to have a better internal sense of quantity. When they get older, it is easier for them to connect number words with those quantities, and then to manipulate them to do arithmetic calculations, Starr said. So far the researchers have been following the same children for 4.5 years and are currently exploring other factors that play into math achievements, including working memory, educational exposure, demographic and socioeconomic factors. This research has important implications for education, said Melissa libertus, an author of the study and assistant professor in the department of psychology at the University of Pittsburgh. She noted that this study opens up possibility of training children’s approximate number sense early on with the hope of improving their math abilities down the road. Starr also noted the possibilities for improving math skills starting at infancy. “With preschoolers, they can’t just get better at math by practicing math,” Starr said. “Maybe they can do games that are designed to work on their number system that can improve their math scores.” Brannon added that they are now working on a study with local preschools where they have children play arithmetic games to see if that helps their math performance. The research is definitely not deterministic or diagnostic, Starr emphasized. She noted that number sense is not the only predictor of math achievements and serves as a building block for symbolic math. “it is definitely not the case that i can look at a baby and watch it watch some dots and predict its SAT score,” she added. “if you have a poor sense of number at infancy, you are by no means just doomed to struggle at math.”

HIGH PoINtfrom page 1 study will have in securing funding for future events at the market. “We have to go for state funding each and every year—now we’ve got an updated economic impact study from a nationally recognized university like Duke,” Bassett said. “This study’s going to carry a lot of weight with all the leaders in raleigh and should make it easier for us to make our case for continuing to fund high Point Market.” Bassett said that the market typically receives $1.8 million each year from the state government, a small amount compared to the $123 million in state tax revenue it generates. he noted that the rate of return on investments in the high Point is 66 to 1. “That’s just an incredibly strong number and that’s going to be very helpful when we go back to raleigh next year,” he said. Brun said that the industry members and legislators to whom the information was presented responded enthusiastically. Market officials have contacted the DCGGC about completing a follow-up assessment in five years to compare with the current results. The study involved creating a new research method to match the unique nature of the market, Brun added. The results currently stand alone as a result of the novel method. DCGGC director Gary Gereffi noted that the high Point Market is a leader in publicizing the furniture industry. “north Carolina and high Point Market have managed to retain its position as a leader in the U.S. industry in terms of showcasing what’s being done in furniture,” Gereffi said. “That’s the position the state would like to try to maintain, especially as we continue to face global competition.”

wednesday, oCTober 30, 2013 | 5

The Chronicle



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Heights LaSalle

500 South LaSalle St, Durham • 877-505-2426 noW oPen! Come Tour the newest apartment community in town! The heights at South laSalle luxury rental community is located 1 mile from campus.

Strawberry Hill

1321 New Castle Road, Durham • 919-471-8474 newly remodeled, energy efficient garden apartments in north Durham. We are set just off the beaten path in a wooded setting near Duke St. and Durham regional hospital. 1/2 off summer months! (June, July, August)

South Terrace at Auburn 801 E. Woodcroft Parkway, Durham • 919-450-0080 The comfort and convenience you deserve with amenities including a sparkling swimming pool, sundeck, 24-hour fitness center, playground and beautiful outdoor area with BBQ grills and pond views.

Lenox East & West

100 Mayfield Circle, Durham • 866-688-3507 one bedroom apartments and two or three bedroom townhomes. Townhomes include fireplace, built-in bookshelves, attic/outdoor storage, and a breakfast nook off the kitchen. Just 4 miles to Duke.

Poplar Manor

2716 Campus Walk Avenue, Durham • 919-383-3830 We offer one and two bedroom apartments with brand new kitchen appliance packages. We’re within walking distance of West Campus & Duke hospital, & we are on the DATA bus line.

The Chronicle

6 | wednesday, oCTober 30, 2013




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The Chronicle

wednesday, october 30, 2013 | 7


Tour a Professional Recording Studio! When: Tomorrow - October 31, 2013 Time: 9am - 4pm Where: Bryan Center Parking Lot

(near the visitor entrance to the Parking Garage)

The John Lennon Educational Tour Bus is a state-of-the-art mobile audio and HD video recording and production facility, dedicated to providing you and your friends with access to the latest professional gear and software so you can record like the pros. Tours give students an overview of what really goes on in a recording or video production facility and are led by the Lennon staff. Visitors learn about the history of the Bus, and are introduced to the various production skills needed to produce projects on board. PLUS—visitors to the bus will receive a coupon for $25 off the already reduced education price on one copy of Avid Media Composer 7, Pro Tools 11, or Sibelius 7!* Want to learn more? Click here to get on the bus and explore—includes a detailed breakdown of the gear on board!

We’ll also be raffling off a FREE copy of Avid Media Composer, Pro Tools, or Sibelius on the bus, so be sure and stop by!

Trick or Tweet!

Join the Duke Technology Center as we add a ‘technological’ twist to the annual Spooktacular Sale! • First 50 people to come through the Lennon Bus AND tweet the ‘trick phrase’ will get a FREE DTC t-shirt • T-shirts can be picked up at the Duke Technology Center on Thursday only* *Must come in person to claim t-shirt *Must follow us on Twitter to be eligible to participate in Trick or Tweet event and t-shirt giveaway contest

The Bus is made possible through the generosity of sponsors including Avid, Apple, Montblanc, Sony, Neutrik, Musician’s Friend, Gibson, Epiphone, NAMM, NewTek, TodoCast, Mobile Roadie, Audio-Technica, Roland, Boss, JamHub, Sonicbids, Disc Makers, Mackie, Ampeg, Digital Media Academy, Genelec, VOX, True Religion, Litepanels, Manfrotto, Clear-Com, Anton/Bauer, New Bay Media, Copperpeace, Apogee, Applied Acoustics Systems, McDSP, Native Instruments, IK Multimedia, Noise Industries, iZotope, Slingerland Drums, and Mad Mimi. The John Lennon Educational Tour Bus is made possible by an agreement with Yoko Ono Lennon. *Academic eligibility required.

The Chronicle

8 | wednesday, october 30, 2013

GPSC from page 4 “There are rumors and some of us have friends that have been encouraged to switch labs because of the funding cuts,” O’Connor said. Several representatives voiced concerns about feeling the impacts of budgetary constraints within their departments. O’Connor encouraged representatives to share experiences and to ask other individuals in their schools if they have felt the impacts. Communications Coordinator Fumiko Chino, a fourth-year medical student, announced an open contest to create a new GPSC logo.

combat from page 1 student-led foreign affairs organization, presented the event. Approximately 20 people were in attendance, including two army commanders. Senior Daniel Strunk, president of the AHS and Chronicle columnist, noted Schake will likely play a role in the

next Republican administration, in either 2016 or 2020. Schake started by clarifying that some women already serve in combat, but that current policy prevents women from serving at the brigade level or below where the principle mission involves on-the-ground combat. She noted that the arguments for women to serve in combat include gender justice and that women currently serving in support positions, such as driving trucks, are already thrown into combat-like positions. She addressed some of the challenges to integrating women into combat including physical differences in size and capability. “We are, on average, not as sturdy as our male counterparts,” she said. “We are, on average, incapable of carrying a 120 pound pack for 12 hours while concentrating on doing something else, and we are also, on average, prone to stress injuries and bone breaks because our bodies are built differently.” Upon seeing audience member sophomore Danielle Sumner frowning in response to this point, Schake asked Sumner whether she disagreed. “If the woman feels like she’s confident that she can

31 Clothing & Gift Items %



Thursday, October 31, 2013 Also, select books at the Gothic Bookshop will be available at 31% off.

Sign Up to Win! Sign up for our BTFTK e-mail exclusives program and be entered to win a 16GB iPad mini.

The University Store

Medical Center Bookstore

8:30am - 8pm

8:30am - 5:30pm

The Terrace Shop

East Campus Store

9am - 5pm

10am - 10pm

*31% maximum discount allowed. Discount cannot be combined with any other discount or promotion. Discount is valid on in-stock merchandise only. Discount does not include: Academic Apparel, School Supplies, Greeting Cards, Custom Orders, Electronics, Cameron and National Championship Floor Pieces, Class Rings, Alumni Chairs, Blazers & Sportcoats, Scrubs & Lab Coats, Personalized Products, Professional Wear, Medical Equipment, Plants, Cameras, Film, Batteries, and Books.

Please note: All products in the Duke Technology Center are excluded from this sale.


This will be the largest discount sale on Duke clothing and gifts for the rest of this year! Departments of Duke University Stores®

handle it, then she probably knows herself better than the policymaker,” Sumner said. Schake countered that women have a lower success rate for completing military training than male counterparts and that this depletes training resources. She added that women are more impacted by the psychological stresses of combat, citing that women have higher rates of post-traumatic stress disorder. In addition, she said that those outside of the military do not understand the importance of group cohesion. “You have a small group who are required to work as a team under enormously stressful, dangerous and potentially fatal circumstances, and you are asking them to do things that they would not be permitted to do in any other circumstance,” Schake said. She went on to explain that women in combat complicate military cohesion by introducing sexual attraction and sexual violence on a grander scale than before. “In a perfect world, military commanders don’t want anybody who is attracted to anybody anywhere in their unit,” she explained. “What they find is it’s always divisive, and remember that most of the people in our military are 19 years-old.” Schake cited an army study that found sexual assault is likely to increase if women serve in combat. She also said that 17 percent of Marines said that they would not re-enlist if women were permitted into combat assignments. “It’s possible that they are all misogynists, but it’s also possible that they understand something about their profession that we do not,” Schake said. “What they say when you ask them about it, is that any chain is only as strong as its weakest link, and they are worried about women being the weak link.” Units are more likely to be distracted from their missions when a woman in combat is injured than a man, Schake said. She added that members of the Navy have complained that women become pregnant, either intentionally or not, just “as the ship is about to go to sea.” Senior Alex Schade, Army ROTC member and daughter of a female Marine, said it is important to understand the culture of the military in order to understand this issue. When one joins the military, it is a commitment to serve the country in whatever capacity is most needed, not pursue other individual objectives . “There are a lot of women who maybe could make it through the training, could gut it out, but need to honestly and fairly assess within themselves whether this is truly the best thing that they could possibly be doing for the country,” Schade said. “When my prize as a woman is to prove that I can do it, as soon as I get there, I’ve reached my goal, and I think that the esprit de corps thing comes in.” Army Commander Jim Wanovich, a fellow in the Counterterrorism and Public Policy Fellowship Program, said that the success of the integration of women in the military will hinge on the leadership. He noted that because military commanders emphasized clear behavioral standards following the repeal of Don’t-Ask-Don’t-Tell, the transition was relatively smooth, despite media dramatization. “It was all about nothing. This could be all about nothing too,” he said. “The news made a bigger deal about it than all of us. We just came to work like normal. We could do the same thing with this.... If the policymakers say, ‘do this,’ we will figure out a way to be successful at it.” Most people in attendance responded positively to the discussion. “It was a fantastic discussion that brought both the perspectives of students and army members,” sophomore Emma Campbell-Mohn said. “It’s important to remember how the military culture differs from the rest of American culture, and how important it is that they fight for the common good.” Junior Anand Raghuraman said he liked that the event brought together diverse individuals including military members and ROTC, as well as civilians interested in politics and gender issues. Sumner said she came into the talk thinking all opposition to women serving in combat was sexist, but changed her mind after the event. “This just really clarified that if you’re coming into the military and you’re willing to put your life on the line, you are willing to serve in whatever capacity they need you,” she said. “In the case of women, sometimes you’re not just not needed, but you could be detrimental to the military.” Freshman Adam Lemon said the discussion drove home the complexity of the issue. “The main conflict involved is this American ideal to bring more equality to the military and this desire to maximize effectiveness—where do you find that balance?” he said.

The Chronicle


The Chronicle






Duke QB is second in history to win first 6 career starts by Daniel Carp THE CHRONICLE

It was a game to remember for Duke football, but a game to forget for Anthony Boone. The Blue Devils’ starting signal-caller struggled in last week’s monumental 1310 road upset against then-No. 16 Virginia Tech. Completing just seven of his 25 passes on the afternoon, Boone failed to connect with a Duke receiver for the entirety of the second half. But when the Blue Devils walked off the field at Lane Stadium with a historic win in tow—defeating a ranked opponent on the road for the first time since 1971 and cementing a bowl trip in back-to-back years for the first time in program history—Boone improved to 6-0 in his career as a starting quarterback. Despite his struggles throughout the contest, Boone continues to be the most important thing any quarterback can be—a winner. “I think that’s a great term to be labeled,” said Kurt Roper, Duke’s offensive coordinator and quarterbacks coach. “He just wins. It doesn’t have to be pretty. He just finds a way to win. So I don’t think there’s anything better—that’s why we all play the game.” With the victory, Boone became Duke’s first quarterback to win the first

and much more consistent across the board.” While there were bright spots in Sunday’s scrimmage—most notably 29 points from sophomore guard Alexis Jones and 14 rebounds from true freshman Oderah Chidom— Duke expects to play at a consistently higher level. The bar is set high for this team that was ranked No. 2 in the nation in the preseason USA Today Coaches Poll. Glenville State returns its top four scorers from last year’s squad that set a Division II record with 433 three-pointers, an average of 14.0 per game. The Lady Pioneers also led Division II by scoring 95.4 points per game a year ago, so they will present a significant challenge for Duke on the defensive end of the floor. See W. BASKETBALL, page 11

See ON FOOTBALL, page 12

Zac Elder On Football


Leading Duke to an upset victory against Virginia Tech, Anthony Boone became the second quarterback in program history to win the first six starts of his career. six starts of his career since Worth Lutz ripped off six consecutive wins to begin the 1952 season. After taking over for recently-departed quarterback Sean Renfree as a fulltime starter for the first time in his career, Boone wasted no time setting off some of-

fensive fireworks as Duke rolled to a 45-0 win in its season-opener against N.C. Central. But as the season wore on and Boone returned from a collarbone injury that had him sidelined for more than a month, See BOONE page 13


Duke set for first exhibition game of the season by Brian Pollack THE CHRONICLE


How to be a silent fan As soon as I entered the press box in Lane Stadium last weekend I saw a sign making it clear that cheering for either team would result in immediate removal. I have seen these signs and heard similar announcements at every college football game I have covered. If you have ever been a true sports fan, you know what it’s like to scream at the top of your lungs until your voice is hoarse, jump up and down until your calves are sore and pour every ounce of passion and energy into cheering for your team. If you have ever spent time in a press box or media room at a major sporting event, you are aware of the very professional, almost stuffy atmosphere that characterizes the working environment of the sports journalist. By now, I’m used to this setting, and I can control my fanatical urges to jump and chant and scream for my team. But it’s been a long process, and there have been slip-ups along the way. Last year I travelled to Blacksburg to watch the 5-1 Blue Devils try to make history—Duke had never beaten Virginia Tech in Lane Stadium and a win would send the Blue Devils to a bowl game for the first time in 18 years. While I sat in the press box preparing to cover the game, I fought to mask my excitement and optimism with a sense of professionalism. But as the game began, the fan in me quickly started to take control. Duke scored the game’s first touchdown. Then the Blue Devils added a field goal, then another field goal and then another touchdown. Before the end of the first quarter, I looked out across the stadium at more than 66,000 Hokies fans sitting in silence, their team in an early 20-0 hole. Although it appeared that a rout was underway, I didn’t stand up and cheer or yell out loud as Duke dominated the early stages of the game. But I definitely got on the nerves of the sullen Virginia Tech student writers sitting next to me in the


The play of sophomore point guard Alexis Jones was one of the lone bright spots for Duke at the Blue/White scrimmage.

wednesday, october 30, 2013 | 9

In their first game action of the season, the Blue Devils did not impress their coach at all. Following a far-from-perfect performance in their anGlenville nual Blue/White scrimmage on SunState day, Duke will look vs. to improve when Duke they host Glenville State Wednesday WEDNESDAY, 6:30 p.m. night for an exhiCameron Indoor Stadium bition matchup at 6:30 p.m. at Cameron Indoor Stadium. “We calculated only six minutes overall that had any value to the way we want to play as a team,” head coach Joanne P. McCallie said. “So out of 40 minutes, we played six. It’s hopeful that [Wednesday] we’ll be much better, much more energetic

The Chronicle

10 | WEDNESDAY, wednesday, OCTOBER october 30, 2013


A day in the life of a Duke practice player by Amrith Ramkumar THE CHRONICLE

Will Giles isn’t exactly what you would call an average Duke student. He prefers old rock and roll music to today’s hip hop, he prefers watching the New York Knicks of the 1970s to today’s Miami Heat and his favorite current NBA player is Kevin Love because he likes rebounders. He’s also the captain of the women’s basketball team’s all-male practice squad. Giles, a 6-foot-1 junior double majoring in political science and public policy with a minor in history, is from Saltillo, Texas, a small town in the eastern part of the state. His freshman dorm, Randolph, had more people than in his entire town. He ran cross country and played baseball and basketball throughout high school with his father as his coach for all three. Although he was recruited for basketball by six Division III schools, Giles decided to come to Duke. After attempting to become a manager for the men’s basketball program freshman year, he realized that the women’s squad was looking for practice players and decided to join. It is a choice he does not regret. “It’s been great,” Giles said. “It’s probably one of the best decisions I’ve made since coming to Duke. I really like the team atmosphere and [the girls] are really good. They’re better than 99 percent of the people that go to Wilson or Brodie to play pickup. It’s nice to have consistent



Duke’s squad of all-male practice players are an essential piece to the Blue Devils’ women’s basketball program. competition every day.” On Sunday, Giles led the practice squad in the Blue/White Scrimmage as the practice players got to play one 10-minute quarter against the team they practice against daily. Due to the size of the practice squad, Giles only played four minutes to allow every practice squad player to take the floor at Cameron Indoor Stadium. He was a

successful player-coach, however, making his only shot, grabbing two rebounds and leading his team from the sidelines to a 2221 victory on a last second shot by Veerain Gupta. A season ago, Giles played on the squad that played four quarters against the women’s team and won 70-69. “We lost seven people last year,” Giles said. “I was interested to see how the

puzzle fit together [on Sunday]... but we played really well together. I was very thankful for that.” At 8:29 a.m.—arriving early for Tuesday morning’s practice—Giles helped the team’s student managers set up three basketball hoops on the side of the court that the team uses to shoot free throws on after practice. After a film session, the team took the floor shortly before 9:30 and began warming up. After a quick set of instructions from head coach Joanne P. McCallie, Giles and the rest of the practice squad took the court to defend post entry passes and halfcourt set run by a team ranked in the top three in the nation by every preseason poll. Giles kept his arms flailing and remained active throughout the seemingly-mundane drill—he worked against all of the team’s guards, including senior Tricia Liston, whom he said has significantly improved her ball handling since her sophomore year, when Giles first saw her play during his first year on the practice squad. Giles stole a post entry pass intended for senior forward Haley Peters, whom he said is bar none the smartest basketball player he has ever been around. He then quickly got back to the top of the zone to defend the next possession. The practice squad got its turn on See PRACTICE, page 13

Grants Available for Spring 2014 Emerging Humanities Networks Faculty are invited to submit proposals that explore emerging ideas, projects, or networks that have the potential to change the way the humanities are taught to undergraduates in the 21st Century. Department-based projects and student collaborators are welcome. The Steering Committee anticipates making 3-5 awards for Spring 2014; most will be in the $10,000—$30,000 range— for truly exceptional proposals, awards of up to $50,000 are possible.

The funding can be used to support efforts including but not limited to: Working groups Workshops Speakers Short-term visitors Creative engagement with the Duke community and beyond

Application Deadline: November 7. To learn about the previously approved Emerging Humanities Networks, and for application instructions:  visit  email  or call Laura Eastwood at (919) 684-8873 These grants are part of the Mellon Foundation-funded Humanities Writ Large initiative — a five-year effort to transform humanities education at Duke.

The Chronicle


from page 9

“We need to play great defense,” McCallie said. “Great transition defense and spotting up their shooters, great on-ball defense in terms of 1-on-1 stops. We need to improve on our help-side defense, and what I call our ‘overall team defense’—talking to each other on the floor, being in the right place and getting stops.” Health is still a key concern for the Blue Devils. Two-time All-American Chelsea Gray is returning from a dislocated knee she suffered last February and is still not entirely healthy. Gray sat out the final quarter of Sunday’s Blue/White scrimmage, and McCallie is not looking to push her too hard too quickly. “Chelsea’s in that 70 percent range,” McCallie said. “She did not go very hard in the minutes that she played [Sunday]. I have to see how Chelsea plays on Wednesday, how effective she is and what her energy is like.” In Gray’s absence last year, Jones stepped in and ran the offense, earning the ACC Tournament MVP Award. Now with the two of them on the court at the same time, the possibilities are endless. The combination of Gray’s experience and Jones’ quickness could prove to be fatal for many Duke opponents this year. “Chelsea and Alexis have a great opportunity to be two of the best guards in the country,” McCallie said. “But that opportunity rests with their ability to play off each other, not

their ability to one-up each other. If they play off each other and really appreciate each other’s skill sets, then you’re talking about a fantastic combo.” Another injured Blue Devil to keep an eye on is redshirt freshman Amber Henson. She is recovering from knee surgery, and has undergone six surgeries since coming to Duke as the No. 1 overall recruit in the Class of 2012. Henson is behind Gray in terms of being game-ready and played only sparingly in the Blue/White scrimmage, but can certainly be a force if healthy. Gray and Henson will both see game action tomorrow in the hopes of having them ready for the team’s season-opener against California, but that goal is much more realistic for Gray than Henson. With those two playing limited minutes, there is plenty of opportunity for other members of the rotation, including Chidom and fellow freshman Kendall-McCravey Cooper, to make an impact against Glenville State. Wednesday’s game may not count toward the final standings, but McCallie said a stronger performance could go a long way toward the Blue Devils proving that they are deserving of the preseason praise in the national polls. “What I’m looking forward to is getting a whole lot better, being a whole lot more aggressive and playing more of our style of play,” McCallie said.


wednesday, OCTOBER WEDNESDAY, october 30, 2013 | 11

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Columnist Zac Elder writes that he could barely contain his excitement in the press box during Duke’s 13-10 upset victory against Virginia Tech last weekend.


from page 9

press box. I could sense their disbelief and anger, but I didn’t care—I could not hide my excitement. I was toeing the line between a professional sports writer and a college sports fan, and they weren’t happy about it. Then it all came crashing down, and I watched in horror as the Hokies scored 41 straight points. For the final three quarters of the game, I was a model of professionalism, totally silent. The two Virginia Tech writers smirked as the onslaught worsened. I probably deserved the cool contempt I felt from them for the game’s final three quarters, a penance for my lack of self-control during the first quarter. But it was not easy to sit through, and I learned not to wear my emotions on my sleeve while working. Last weekend I got the opportunity to return to Blacksburg, and the whole experience felt a lot like it did last year. Like last year, a five-win Blue Devil squad traveled north to try and make history by winning in Lane Stadium. The sixth win would make Duke bowl eligible for the second year in a row, a program first. And just like last year, the Blue Devils got the better of Virginia Tech to begin the game. At halftime, Duke led 6-0 thanks to two 50-plusyard field goals by sophomore Ross Martin. The Blue Devil defense held the Hokies scoreless for the entire first half, something not even Alabama’s defense could do. Despite the slim lead, things looked pretty good for Duke, and the creeping optimism of a fan began to eclipse my sense of professionalism. I managed to keep my emotions in check, barely, as the third quarter got underway. After Anthony Boone’s 9-yard touchdown run put Duke up 13-0

midway through the quarter, I was so excited that I could barely sit. But unlike last year, I remained calm, even though it looked like everything was going the Blue Devils’ way. But at the end of the third quarter Virginia Tech marched 99 yards down the field for a touchdown, cutting Duke’s lead to six. The Hokie offense started to pick up steam, manufacturing drives that just barely missed in putting points on the board thanks to two blown field goal attempts by Cody Journell. It was beginning to look like the Blue Devils would fall apart like they had a year ago. Duke’s offense was nonexistent, and the defense was holding on by a thread. With 5:09 left to play, Logan Thomas and the Hokie offense took over near midfield, and there was an inevitable feeling that Virginia Tech would score and escape the upset, once again dashing Duke’s hopes of a historic win. But on the second play of the drive, Kelby Brown intercepted a pass from Thomas and everything changed. With momentum in their favor, the Blue Devils held onto the ball for the rest of the game and secured their sixth win and a landmark upset. Needless to say, I could barely control myself when Brown came down with the ball. I kept quiet, made all the preparations to write my postgame story and then headed down to the field for interviews. Elated on the inside but all business in outward appearance, it was roughly an hour-and-a-half after game’s end that I finally left the stadium. Last year’s trip to Blacksburg ended in disappointment and embarrassment, both for myself in the press box and for Duke on the football field. This year the Blue Devils came out on top and I also got the last laugh—outside the press box, of course.

The Chronicle


from page 9

Duke’s defense has taken center stage, allowing a combined 39 points in the team’s last three victories. “The one thing you’ll never take from him is he’s got a lot of confidence, and even though it was a struggle Saturday he’s got a lot of confidence in his ability to make plays,” Roper said. “And I think that always permeates through a team.” Although Boone will be the first to tell you that Saturday’s contest was a far cry from his best showing, he viewed his defense’s ability to bail the offense out as a positive step for the program. Duke’s 13 points were the lowest total the Blue Devils have scored in a win since they defeated East Carolina by the same 13-10 margin Sept. 10, 1994. “Our team is evening out. It’s not just a bunch of offensive skill players that are keeping us in ballgames,” Boone said. “It’s the fact that we have young talent on defense and experienced guys on the offensive and defensive line that can help get the job done and be physical—be our edge and our game-changers when it comes to playing these ACC opponents.” With four contests remaining in the season and his second consecutive bowl berth already under his belt, Boone and the Blue Devils look toward a number of other milestones they hope to reach this season. Among them are the team’s first winning season since 1994, first trip ever to an ACC Championship game and first bowl victory since all the way back in 1961. But as Boone proceeds with his usukakuro_399F.txt al one-week-at-a-time mentality, he will

have a number of opportunities to stop and reflect on the growth of a quarterback who used to doze off in team meetings to one who can’t stay out of the film room and is yet to lose as a starter. Boone said that if he could go back in time, he would give his freshman self some valuable advice. “I would have told him to wake up and get the ball rolling earlier,” Boone said. “That’s kind of how today’s world is—people give you advice, but at the end of the day it’s the decision you make, and you have to live and learn. The ones who get to it earlier like the Peyton Mannings of the world who really buy into it at a young age, it shows.” Fresh off a week where the Blue Devils got two votes in the AP top 25, gaining national exposure is one of the goals that Boone said he has had since his first season in Durham. “We’ve been knocking on doors for a long time, and nobody’s answered them,” Boone said. “And now we finally knocked on the right door, and somebody is finally giving us attention. Now is the time to actually go out there and prove what we really have and gain more respect that we do deserve.” With an open date this week, Boone and the Blue Devils will have two weeks to rest for a matchup against N.C. State. The last time Duke hosted an in-state ACC foe was what until last week was the team’s last program-defining win—a 33-30 last-second victory against North Carolina to make the Blue Devils bowl eligible for the first time in 18 years. That win was one that Boone said changed the trajectory of Duke’s program


In Kakuro you must place the digits 1 to 9 into a grid of squares so that each horizontal or vertical run of white squares adds up to the clue printed either to the left of or above the run. Numbers below a diagonal line give the total of the white squares below; numbers to the right of a diagonal line give the total of the white squares to the right.





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trash talk.... We’re all nice to each other.” Giles sits behind assistant coach Al offense as McCallie ordered them to try Brown at every home game and helps to get up a 3-pointer in 10 seconds after keep stats for the team. Brown is known starting at midcourt in preparation for the for wearing a different, flamboyant sweatteam’s exhibition game against Glenville er to each game. Giles has since joined in State Wednesday evening—the Lady Pio- the tradition, starting what he has dubbed neers averaged 14 3-pointers per game a the “ugly sweater contest” a humorous riseason ago. Minutes later, Giles knocked valry at each home game. down his first 3-pointer of the morning. Later in the morning, Giles added a In the next set of drills, Giles did his block on two-time All-American forward best Josh Hairston impression and took Elizabeth Williams. a charge, much to the chagrin of senior Giles attributes his ability to consistently guard Richa Jackson and pleasure of Mc- compete with all of the girls on the team— Callie. even two-time All-Americans Williams and Giles claimed that many of the girls Chelsea Gray—to his dad’s coaching and consistently accuse him of flopping, but focus on fundamentals. that he only occasionally does so. He said Heading to the showers shortly after he believes that those are the little things 11 a.m., Giles departed Cameron to get to that McCallie appreciates most about the class while the team wrapped up practice practice players—commitment, hustle for the day and prepared for its first exhiand consistency. bition game. Recently, McCallie has asked him to Despite injuring his hand in practice, start using trash talk against her team to don’t expect Giles to stay out for too make practices even more competitive— long—he has missed only one practice although Giles prefers to let his play do this year due to an exam. He will likely be the talking. back at it again bright and early Thursday “Our guys are really nice,” sophomore morning, sharing the goal of the Division guard Alexis Jones said with a coy smile I athletes with whom he shares the court. when asked about trash talk. “They help “I just really want to help the women’s us out a lot. The point guards are really team as best as possible,” Giles said. “I want quick. They make us play defenseSalesthem to succeed. I want them to get past Thereally New York Times Syndication Corporation Eighth New York, which is really620 good forAvenue, us. There’s no N.Y. the10018 four straight Elite Eights.” For Information Call: 1-800-972-3550 For Release Wednesday, October 30, 2013



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bunch of guys who wanted to do the same thing that I wanted, which was to change the Duke culture and be a part of something special. It’s a great feeling, and the opportunities that are still left on the table are endless.”

and helped to shift the football culture on campus. If Boone can keep up his unblemished record as a starter, he can expect that culture to continue to change. “It’s why I came here. I wanted to change the culture and be around a

Created by Peter Ritmeester/Presented by Will Shortz

12 19

wednesday, OCTOBER WEDNESDAY, october 30, 2013 | 13

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38 Some are personal 39 Intro to conservatism? 40 Early I.B.M. PC standard 42 Sayers portrayed in “Brian’s Song” 45 Life sketch 48 Not skip

50 Selena’s music style 52 Captivate 53 Tribal emblems 55 Hawk’s home 56 Moves abruptly 58 Word that can follow each part of the answers to the six starred clues

59 Immersive film format 60 Drive-___ 62 Midmonth day 65 Camouflaged 66 Prefix with centennial

For answers, call 1-900-285-5656, $1.49 a minute; or, with a credit card, 1-800-814-5554. Annual subscriptions are available for the best of Sunday crosswords from the last 50 years: 1-888-7-ACROSS. AT&T users: Text NYTX to 386 to download puzzles, or visit for more information. Online subscriptions: Today’s puzzle and more than 2,000 past puzzles, ($39.95 a year). Share tips: Crosswords for young solvers: commentary

T h e i n d e p e n d e n T d a i ly aT d u k e u n i v e r s i T y

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14 | Wednesday, 18 wednesday, october 30, 16, 2013

recruiting a diverse student body Despite all the talk about financial aid for underrepresented socioeconomic groups in higher education, it seems the problem of socioeconomic diversity starts well before students even hit “submit” on their college applications. Too often, low-income high school students do not apply to highly selective colleges like Duke, even if they have a high chance of being admitted. A recent study by the College Board found that only 42 percent of lower-income high school graduates apply to selective colleges, even if they are likely to be admitted. Lackluster application rates highlight a weakness in recruitment efforts, but also provide an opportunity for Duke to reaffirm its commitment to attracting talent from a diverse range of socioeconomic groups. Need-based financial aid is meant to eliminate the biggest hurdle for low-income students to attend expensive schools, and we believe Duke benefits from the variety of viewpoints that emerge in a diverse population. The fact that the University awards an average need-based financial aid package of $37,507 signals our commitment to giving lowerincome students the opportunity to attend. But the meager application rates signal either that the promise of ample financial aid is not fully

communicated to students or that other factors dissuade these students from attending. The first possibility—a lack of information—can be addressed through better outreach to low-income students. Duke should devote more resources to promoting itself in low-income communities,

Editorial perhaps offsetting the costs by holding, as it does in some cases, joint college fairs with other top universities. These information campaigns should fully dispel misconceptions about the costs of attending Duke, clarifying its need-blind admission policy, work-study opportunities and the possibility of waiving the application fee. The admissions office should work closely with high school counselors to encourage qualified students to apply. The University may also consider alternative, inexpensive ways of promoting itself to lowincome students. Duke can, for example, take advantage of alumni networks across the country to encourage Duke graduates from those backgrounds to speak with doubtful students. Hearing the benefits of attending an elite college

The radical campus left... are not interested in freedom and expression. The moral high ground is all they need. No need to read the book, no need engage [to] the author.

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n a bus in Copenhagen traveling from the suburbs into the city center, I overhead the phrase “government shutdown” laughingly blurted amid a flurry of Danish. This was days before the Senate leadership had agreed on a deal that ended our government’s man-made crisis, and I had a good guess that this was what they were laughing about. I’ve never felt ashamed to be an American, but hearing this exchange was the closest I have ever come to feeling embarrassment over our form of government. Nationalism or pride for one’s country has become passé or associated with conservatism on our college campuses, but I don’t subscribe to that stereotype. I don’t believe that, to be proud of this country, one also has to be against gay marriage and in favor of limited restrictions on the sale of automatic weapons. We live in an exceptional country that recently has been behaving rather unexceptionally. It’s necessary to remember our history and the accomplishments of compromise that have preceded us in order to put today’s depressing events in perspective. America has been a force for democracy and freedom since its inception. Our government has never been perfect, but it is the commitment to pluralism and the search “to form a more perfect union” embodied in our Constitution that has defined us as a people for over 250 years. A people whose delineation is not based on ethnicity or race but on faith. Faith in the justice of the democratic process and that the legitimacy of our institutions flows from the will of the people. A faith so powerful it has moved individuals from around the globe to travel thousands of miles for a chance at living out its promise. This heritage is something I’ve always taken pride in. Compromise is the life blood of our democracy and has sustained us through the turbulent years of our founding until the current day. Yet, it is this faith that has suffered the hardest blow from the recent government shutdown. My ideological leanings aside, the Republican hijacking of the government process represents a tremendous setback for democracy in America. Elected officials are indeed beholden to the will of their constituents but also to the Constitution of the United States and to the general wellbeing of the American people. A shutdown of the federal government should not be a tactic utilized by the far right to wring concessions from a Democratic administration. It’s a sign of dysfunction and more reminiscent of a toddler refusing to share his toys rather than the governing body tasked with running the world’s largest economy and military. Obamacare is a decisive issue that draws ire from large segments of the population. Yet, despite this opposition, it has withstood a Supreme Court

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—“Gertrude Higgins” commenting on the editorial “Walking and talking.”

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Inc. 1993

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and ruling out bad reasons not to might sway students to apply. A volunteer-based program, similar to the International Ambassadors program, would be an individualized and virtually costless way to spread the word. At the same time, there are other reasons why low-income students do not apply to elite universities—reasons steeped in serious concerns rather than a lack of information. Many lowincome students may be reluctant to attend a school far from their homes, deterred by high travel costs and strong family attachments. Others may be aware of need-based aid, but question whether schools truly practice it. This suspicion is like to intensify, as several schools have falsely claimed need-blind admission. Duke should address the possibility that lowincome students have well-founded concerns about feeling out of place and unsupported at an elite institution. Our community should fight these concerns on a daily basis, working to ensure that Duke is a hospitable environment for students from all socioeconomic strata. Misinformation should be all that stands in the way of low-income students applying to Duke—and we should do our best to debunk myths and spread the word.

We used to do it better


Est. 1905

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ruling and two presidential elections. Republicans and Tea Party members are welcome to continue fighting its administration and implementation,

Colin Scott the view from carr but to have placed the credibility of American debt on the line for a series of unrelated issues is sheer lunacy. The global economy is still reeling from the fiscal crisis of 2008, and placing the sanctity of the American dollar on the line benefited no one. It has benefited Republicans least of all as they will largely be blamed for the impasse according to a recent NBC/Wall Street Journal poll. Governing by manufacturing crises is a new and troubling development in the history of our country. The politicization of the debt ceiling is a frightening precedent. It places unnecessary strain on financial markets and creates the uncertainty investors shun. Republicans raised the debt ceiling 18 times under Reagan and seven times under George W. Bush. The current concern over our national debt seems to be disingenuous to say the least. Despite the common lamenting of pundits, the gridlock and partisan divide that characterize D.C. were intended by design. The founders were afraid of quick political change and created our system of checks and balances to prevent this. Republicans and Democrats have vastly different visions of how government should function, and this is a good thing. Debate and discourse are integral parts of the American system and should be cherished. What is not OK, however, is refusing to honor existing debts based on current political grievances. The time to have a debate about the nature of American debt is not after the spending has already occurred. It’s akin to refusing to pay for a meal you have already eaten. We need to curtail spending, but trying to enact changes to Obamacare by threatening default is irresponsible. We used to do it better. Monumental legislation has been passed through the American congress: Social Security, the Interstate Highway System, the Center for Disease Control and the backing of student loans are all products of compromise. Congress, as a whole, needs to remember that, in addition to sectional interest, they must also consider, as the constitution states, “the general welfare” of the citizens of this country. Colin Scott is a Trinity senior. His column runs every other Wednesday.

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the socialites


it’s time for a nip slip

o you remember those fifth grade classes about demystifying the body’s path to adulthood? You know, those lectures about hormones and tampons and awkwardness. During the lesson on breast development, my teacher suggested that girls buy a bra when gym class became uncomfortable. She also explained that some boys grow breasts; this, however, wasn’t cause for any concern (or bra). My flat-

Chelsea Sawicki Namaste y’all chested self was confused. If a trampoline will hurt my boobs, why won’t it hurt my chubby little brother’s? My fat neighbor mows his lawn topless—an experience that would be better for everybody with even the tiniest bra for coverage. I blame this precocity on my upbringing. I was raised in a naked house—we weren’t nudists, but it wasn’t uncommon to see my brother commando in the kitchen or my hippie parents by the pool wearing only sunscreen. The only consequence of this lifestyle was that my younger self seldom understood why I needed certain clothes in public. If my brother doesn’t have to wear a swimsuit top, why do I? Our chests are the same! His nipples even get purple when he’s cold and mine don’t. My über-liberal, Franco-American mother affirmed that yes, my nipples were nice, so nice in fact that certain Republicans would be resentful if I went topless at the beach. But only in America, because Europeans are sophisticated and wearing a bikini top on a French beach would be pas nécessaire, duh. My fascination with the male-female nipple disparity has grown since I’ve moved to the South. Earlier this year, the understandably popular Rep. Rayne Brown sponsored House Bill 34 to clarify North Carolina’s law on indecent exposure. The crucial clarification was the addition of this sentence: “The term ‘private parts’ means external organs of sex and of excretion, including the nipple, or any portion of the areola, of the human female breast.” I don’t know about y’all, but I certainly sleep better knowing that we have a politician who finds the female nipple so deeply offensive that she must take immediate action. I’ve heard rumors that her next (mis)step is to change the state slogan to “North Carolina: Our politicians can prioritize.” So why are female nipples so taboo? How can my male neighbor let his 42DDDs out to play whenever he pleases, but I can be jailed for tanning my tiny tatas in public? Well, women’s boobs, in addition to their mystical excretion powers, have these attracting, arousing abilities that moobs lack. “Wow, I’m so turned on by that guy’s huge tits,” said no one, ever. Anything asso-

ciated with sexual attraction must be thoroughly concealed until you’re alone in your bedroom in the dark with your husband. Sure, you HAVE to breastfeed your children, but also hide boobs from them until they’re married (or go on the Internet). Clearly this taboo-ness isn’t without consequence. If you’ve ever been a female wearing a thin (or no) bra on a chilly day, you know how awesome it feels when creepy men ogle you! Bras annoy me, but I’d usually rather deal with them than with the unwanted attention their absence causes. Anyone remember Anne Hathaway’s speech at the last Academy Awards? Probably not, because you were too fixated on her obvious braless-ness and the rapidly trending #HathawayNipples. Now, more about bras. A recent French study claims that bras don’t benefit breasts; surprisingly, prolonged wear hinders the muscle development that prevents sagging. Granted, the average French woman doesn’t wear a 42DDD and, so, going braless probably won’t cause the back pain or bystander injuries often associated with larger cup sizes. But still, those 1960s bra burners were on to something; I’m sure their current boobs are perkier as a result. On a serious note, I’m sure you’ve noticed that it’s “Pinktober,” otherwise known as the commercialization of a deadly disease. Fun fact: Breast cancer is the fourth most common cancer in the U.S.—behind skin, lung and prostate—but it raises the most money. Did you know that October is also liver cancer awareness month? Neither did I, because livers aren’t sexy, and green ribbons aren’t trendy. Think about it: The same sexual fixation and “indecency” that makes creepy men ogle at boobs is why breast cancer sells so well, and that’s f---ed up. This disease is a great opportunity for corporations to boost their profits each month, but that’s about it. Despite monstrous fundraising efforts to save the tatas, cancer rates haven’t budged in a decade. I lost my mother to breast cancer several years ago and am still searching for an organization I’d trust with a donation. Her disease made her despise the color pink; I couldn’t even eat a Yoplait without a lecture and a scolding. “All that stupid pink lid signifies is a big bonus for the manipulative misogynists at some yogurt company; go spit that out.” Did I mention how sassy and awesome she was? OK, Duke women, before it gets cold out: Take off that bra and talk about them nipples—boobs, tits, whatever. And Duke men: Don’t be weird about it. Breasts are sexy, awesome and inoffensive and deserve to be treated as such. Let’s all embrace our inner Lena Dunham for a change. Maybe we can even get Rep. Brown to join the party? I know my mom would love it.

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Chelsea Sawicki is a Trinity senior. Her column is part of the weekly Socialites feature and runs every other Wednesday. Send Chelsea a message on Twitter @ChelsTweetzz

Letter to the Editor Response to “Chanticleer-ing a path through the budget” As the former editor of The Chanticleer, I am compelled to straighten out some misunderstandings. With regards to overproduction, excluding two editions from two and three years ago from which a few hundred books remain, every year since the 1990s and before has seen 97 to 100 percent give-out rates, which is impressive given our print-run of 2,500 books. Claiming that The Chanticleer is an unread publication does not consider how yearbooks are read. In the 201213 volume that is being released on Friday, I urge people against ferociously flipping through the yearbook to find their own face and the faces of people they know, but instead to pay attention to the aesthetic and documental qualities of the book, such as the many incredible images and the comprehensive coverage. The yearbook’s primary appeal is to nostalgia, a delicate sentiment most likely afflicting you later in life or—as tons of graduated seniors have

told me since receiving their books in the mail—very shortly after leaving Duke. It can therefore be difficult for current students who want concerts and free food to see the value in preserving pictorial memories. Despite our wishes, DSG has barred us from using student funds to print books for underclassmen and prevented us from providing high-quality books to all seniors by underfunding us. (They assumed the cost curve for printing books is linear, not logarithmic, and do not care.) Lastly, in the Spring, DSG decreed that the goal of this Wednesday’s meeting will be to vote on unfreezing The Chanticleer’s budget on the grounds of whether or not the publication has created a plan that will meet several DSG demands. If DSG wishes to further cut The Chanticleer’s budget, it should consider doing so when budget discussions are on the table in the Spring. Until then, I expect DSG to have the integrity to uphold its own decrees. Felix Wibergh Former editor of The Chanticleer, Trinity ’13

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wednesday, Wednesday, october 30, 16, 2013 | 15 19


Unboxed choices

s I switched from desktop to desktop, I examined carefully each of the necklaces on the screen. My younger sister was turning 10, and this year I wanted to get her a gift that she could have forever. Two hours later and I was still eight websites away from picking the perfect necklace. They were all almost exactly the same. After another 30 minutes of indecision, I haphazardly chose the necklace that I was staring at. “I’ve just wasted almost three hours of my life,” I thought. I paid for the necklace and acknowledged that it would likely end up snuggled under rubber gravel on the playground somewhere at her elementary school.

Nourhan Elsayed a world uNveiled But in the moment, the choice seemed so mammoth. Silver? Gold? Sterling silver? Her 10-year-old mind would never think about whether a curb chain or a snake chain was prettier. The truth is I could have gone to the Dollar Store and bought any necklace, and the excitement of getting a package in the mail would have been the same. The obsession over choosing the perfect necklace was less about how the chain would look draped around my sister’s neck and more about reparation. In the past few months, I have regretted many of the choices I’ve made in regards to the relationship I have with my younger sister. Partially, it’s a time thing. This year, I decided I was going to be much more intentional with how I use my time on campus. I’ve invested myself in extracurricular activities while still trying to maintain academic success, and there are days during which I remember to call home around 3:00 a.m. I could hide behind the classic student excuse of “I just don’t have time,” but the reality is, if I chose to spend 15 minutes of my day talking to her, I probably wouldn’t fail my classes. I used to tell myself that inspiring my sister was one of the reasons I chose to leave home and come to Duke. Lately though, cheap phone calls and choosing expensive necklaces have merchandized any real interaction I’ve had with her. You’d think that, as I’m almost halfway through college, I’d be getting better at making choices. It’s true that now I seem to be making a lot more “responsible” decisions. When senior friends are applying for jobs, and when your best friend is married and four months pregnant, it is easy to remember that soon choices won’t be blanketed under the assumption of teenage naiveté. But it’s also the reality that, unlike every other stage in my life, I now feel alone in many of the choices I make. As a child, your actions are largely accredited to your parents—as an adolescent, to your upbringing and juvenile ignorance. Maybe I’m one year behind everyone else, but sophomore year has been the most liberating experience of my life, because it’s the first time I’ve realized that I can literally do almost whatever the hell I want. It’s also the first time that I haven’t let the judgment of others influence the choices that I deem good for myself. And it’s been the most terrifying year of my life, because I’ve quickly realized that, in the face of success and failure, there is both nothing to blame and nothing to credit other than the choices I make. Even more terrifying is when I realized that my understanding of choices has been wrong for the past 19 years. “Silly Girl! You thought the right choice would always be at least somewhat clear?” Wrong. This year, the not-so-subtle ambiguity that inherently comes with having choices has decided to rage itself all over my life. And despite my true type-A Duke student use of pro-con lists and logical thinking, I’ve found it impossible to encompass all the ambiguity. There wasn’t a parent to tell me whether I made the right decision when I decided to leave the pre-med track. There isn’t a counselor to tell me how or when to prioritize relationships over responsibilities. There will not ever be a friend who can tell me when it’s more important to make a choice that yields immediate happiness versus a choice that may or may not impact my future. While I understand that little is definite and that the implications of many of the choices I make now may not be as important as they immediately seem, it’s becoming increasingly harder to separate myself from the proximity of these choices. It’s scary to think that these choices are just a sampling of what’s to come after I’ve escaped the bubble of Duke life. For now, I’ll live with the understanding that, unlike the necklace that my sister received in the mail, there are some choices with implications that I cannot contain in my comfort zone of little boxes. Nourhan Elsayed is a Trinity sophomore. Her column runs every other Wednesday.

16 | wednesday, oCTober 30, 2013

October 30 - November 4 Exhibitions Duke Arts Festival 2013, Art + Sustainability. October 25 - November 3. Exhibition featuring artwork with a sustainability theme created by Duke students. Thru November 3. Bryan Center. Free. The Very Loud Chamber Orchestra of Endangered Species. Thru Nov 22, 9am-5pm, M-F, Brown Gallery, Bryan Center.

Events Duke Arts Festival 2013, Arts + Sustainability. Look for student performances all week! Schedule subject to change. See festival for more information. October 30 Chamber Music. Lynne Liao performs Mendelssohn’s Minnelied and Haydn’s Piercing Eyes. 1:30pm, Perkins Library alcove. Artist On-site. See ad on this page Performance Art. Moving Toward Sustainability: A Dance/Photography Collaboration. Photography students will write messages of sustainability on the bodies of dance students who will then perform a work to accompany the festival exhibition. 3pm, Arts Festival Exhibition area, Bryan Center. Swing Dance. 5pm, BC Plaza. Environmental Artists Panel Discussion/Q&A. See ad on this page October 31 Chamber Music. Steve Noh performs Mozart’s Violin Concerto in A Major, Mov.I.7’. Noon + Melody Lin performs Tchaikovsky’s Violin Concerto, Mov.III 10’ and Henri Vieuxtemps’ Violin Concerto No 5, 10’. Perkins Library alcove. Artist On-site. See ad on this page. Halloween Performance. Presented by duARTS Instrumental and Choral Music Council. 4:30pm, BC Plaza & Marketplace. Film Preview.” Midway: Message from the Gyre. Chris Jordan’s film project documenting the plight of albatrosses who mistake floating plastic trash for food. 7pm, Nasher Museum Aud. See ad on this page. November 1 DEMAN Weekend Begins. Join the Duke Alumni Association and the Office of the Vice Provost of DEMAN (Duke Entertainment media and the Arts Network) Weekend and network with Duke Alumni who have established careers in the arts. DEMAN. Keynote Speaker: Adam Chodikoff ‘93, The Daily Show with Jon Stewart. The Daily Show’s own “Investigative Humorist” will give this year’s keynote speech at DEMAN Weekend’s kick-off event. 1pm, Reynolds Theater, Bryan Center. More info at demanweekend. Artist On-site. See ad on this page. Theater on the BC Plaza. Presented by the Theater Council, an arm of duARTS 2:30pm. duArts Auction. Come bid on art and performances, and support the arts. 3pm, Von Canon, Bryan Center. PACE. Performance Art Creative Engagement. 5pm, BC Plaza. Advanced Dance Competition. 5:30pm, BC Plaza. November 2 Duke Arts Festival 2013, Arts + Sustainability & DEMAN Weekend. Closing events: Exhibition awards, reception, networking with alumni. 11:45am-1:30pm. More info at DEMAN. Small Group Sessions. With Duke Alumni. 1:15-2:45pm, Perkins Library. More info at Dance Program. 1pm, location TBD. Screening. Good Ol’ Freda. Special guest prod/dir Ryan White ‘04. 5pm Reception & 6pm Screening, CDS, followed by Q&A. Installation. Falling Water: Plastic Sea created with discarded plastic water bottles. Thru Nov 26, Bryan Center. November 3 Art Exhibition Ends. Sustainability themed exhibition of student work. Noon, Bryan Center. PACE. Performance Art Creative Engagement. Visual Art & Spoken Word. 1:40pm, BC Plaza.

The Chronicle

ARTS + Sustainability October 25 – November 3

One week, three environmental artists The artists will participate in a panel discussion about how and why they use their creative platforms to address critical environmental issues.

TODAY, Oct 30, 7-9pm, Center for Documentary Studies; Reception follows. Free.

Chris Jordan • Panel


TODAY 10/30 7:00-9:00 PM, CDS Reception follows

• Film Preview Midway: Message from the Gyre, 10/31, 7:00 PM, Nasher Auditorium

Pinar Yoldas

• Art Installation “The Very Loud Chamber Orchestra of Endangered Species,” Thru 11/3, Brown Gallery in the Bryan Center • Panel Discussion TODAY 10/30, 7:00-9:00 PM, CDS Reception follows

Bryant Holsenbeck • Art Installation

“Falling Water: Plastic Sea” Thru 11/26, Bryan Center

• Artist On-Site

Today thru 11/1 from 12:00-3:00 PM, Bryan Center • Panel Discussion TODAY 10/30, 7:00-9:00 PM, CDS Reception follows

This message is brought to you by the Department of Art, Art History and Visual Studies, Center for Documentary Studies, Chapel Music, Duke Dance Program, Duke Music Department, Duke Performances, Nasher Museum of Art, Duke University Libraries, Screen/Society, Department of Theater Studies with support from the Office of the Vice Provost for the Arts.

October 30 2013