Health and Science
CREDIT CARD MISUSE IN DURHAM
A NEW HAVEN FOR PHYSICAL THERAPY
The Chronicle T H E I N D E P E N D E N T D A I LY AT D U K E U N I V E R S I T Y
XXXXXDAY, MMMM WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER XX, 23, 2013 2013
ONE ONE HUNDRED HUNDRED AND AND EIGHTH NINTHYEAR, YEAR,ISSUE ISSUEXXX 38
PACT training Operation Bull’s Eye tackles Durham crime mandatory for new greeks by Ya Fang
Starting in Spring 2014, new fraternity and sorority members from all four greek councils will receive PACT training through the Women’s Center. last Spring, the leaders of the four greek councils agreed to mandate PACT training for new greek members starting next semester in order to improve Duke’s culture, said senior ian Zhang, president of the interGreek Council. The five-hour training will be broken in two sessions and led by peer facilitators. Topics include consent, alcohol use, campus resources, responding compassionately to victims of gender violence and strategies for identifying and minimizing risk, said Amy Cleckler, gender violence prevention and services coordinator for the Women’s Center. “There [were] a number of different studies that came out last year [about] confidence and sexual misconduct at Duke,” said senior Jack riker, the President of the interfraternity Council. “The four greek council presidents saw PACT training as an effective way to battle a lot of those problems.” Due to staffing constraints at the Women’s Center, not all of the new members will receive training within the Spring semester, riker said. Those who do not get trained in the Spring will undergo the process in the Fall. “All the new members will get trained their first semester being greek or their second semester,” he said. “By Spring 2015, all of the new members will be trained.” Senior Katie howard, president of the Panhellenic Council, said it is important to train all greek members because gender violence is a pervasive issue. “PACT training is important because gender violence is a very real issue that could affect any of the women in our community,” senior Katie howard, president of the Panhellenic Council, wrote in an email Saturday. All of the greek council executive members were PACT trained last year. “The goals of PACT training are to educate students about gender violence on campus and to give them the skills to prevent and respond to incidents involving other people in the community,” Cleckler wrote in an email Wednesday. if all goes according to plan, the entire greek community will be PACT trained within four years, Zhang said. “We think the message is very valuable and will hopefully open doors to organic See PACt, page 5
by Elizabeth Djinis The ChroniCle
The Durham Police Department’s initiative operation Bull’s eye has released statistics exemplifying its overall success in combatting violent crimes in Durham. now in its sixth year, the program has
yielded several positive rates. A report released last week indicates a 46 percent decrease in violent gun crime, 42 percent drop in drug calls, 53 percent reduction in “sound of shots” calls and 61 percent decline in prostitution. The program, however, has been slowly phased out since its creation
in the hopes that the community can sustain improvement on its own. “We could flood a community with a whole bunch of resources, pack up and leave. Then it goes right back to before and what would we really accomplish?” said larry Smith, deputy chief of the Durham Police See BuLLseye, page 5 JUlian speCTor/The ChroniCle
Asheville official challenges NC Amendment 1 by Gautam Hathi The ChroniCle
An Asheville official is pushing the margins of north Carolina law in an attempt to allow same-sex marriages. last week, Buncombe County register of Deeds Drew reisinger accepted marriage license applications from 10 same-sex couples, but he is waiting to approve the licenses until he gets substantive legal feedback on questions he sent to the north Carolina Attorney General’s office. n.C. Amendment one, passed in May 2012, bans same-sex marriages in the state. But in the wake of the U.S. Supreme Court’s Defense of Marriage Act decision in June, reisinger feels that there is a lack of clarity regarding the constitutionality of Amendment one. “Since the Supreme Court struck down the Defense of Marriage Act, it threw a lot of ques-
tions up into to the air,” reisinger said. “it’s no longer a black and white issue as to whether or not it’s legal for the state of north Carolina to be denying same-sex couples marriage licenses.” The Supreme Court case in question, United States v. Windsor, struck down a federal definition of marriage as between one man and one woman on the grounds that the definition violated the due process and equal protection rights of same-sex couples. At the moment, the decision only applies to federal laws. The American Civil liberties Union of north Carolina is currently challenging the constitutionality of Amendment one. reisinger, who is personally in favor of legal same-sex marriage, sent a letter oct. 14 to the office of north Carolina Attorney General roy Cooper asking a series of questions about the legality of Amendment one, including
whether it violated the Fifth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution. Cooper’s office did not respond to reisinger’s specific questions, but did say that under current state law, “issuance of a marriage license to a same-sex couple would be a violation of the law.” Cooper has publicly declared his support for legalizing same-sex marriage, but also pledged to defend the state law. For now, resinger will hold on to the couples’ marriage licenses until there are further legal developments. Brenda Clark, who filed a Buncombe County marriage application with her partner Carol McCrory, expressed her frustration with the way in which the applications have been handled by Cooper and the Attorney General’s office. See dOMA, page 4
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Becoats’misuse of credit card OIT hosts event to raise awareness on cyber security sheds light on P-Card policy by Nancy Zhu The Chronicle
sophia palenberg/The Chronicle
OIT administrators discussed phishing attacks, such as Cryptoware, Tuesday.
by Rebecca Chen The Chronicle
Duke students should take measures to protect themselves from breaches of cyber security, information technology administrators said Tuesday. In honor of National Cyber Security Awareness Month, the Information Technology Security Office hosted a campus event to promote awareness about phishing and ways to prevent it from occurring. Phishing attacks try to fool people into either giving their information through an apparently safe site or installing malicious software to steal information. These attacks happens frequently on the Duke network, said Richard Biever, chief information security officer and head of the IT Se-
curity Office. “Phishing is probably our numberone concern for the entire Duke community,” Biever said. “Everybody’s a target. It’s important to have an awareness of what you’re doing online and how you could be targeted by somebody that’s trying to get [to] an account, get access to your computer.” Recent cyber security breaches at Duke include phishing attempts that install Cryptoware, where hackers hold data hostage and refuse to unlock it if the victim refuses to pay a hostage fee. People have also put information on Duke-sponsored websites that did not originate from Duke, said Shelly Epps,
The Durham Public Schools Board of Education met on Monday to discuss Superintendent Eric Becoats’ misuse of his school districtissued credit card. The district-issued credit card is meant to be used for business-related purchases, such as plane tickets and hotels. It was discovered that Becoats was using the card to purchase personal items without full documentation and explanation of his spending. The Board took away Becoats’ access to the card, and plans to discuss additional financial policies regarding credit card use in the future. “The board has unanimously directed our school attorney working with staff to continue to review credit card charges, and whether other action including reimbursement of any charges needs to be taken,” said Heidi Carter, Chair of the Board of Education, in an open statement. “The credit card assigned to the superintendent’s office has been terminated by the Board.” The records of expenditures show that Becoats spent $20,157.86 last year for purchases such as conferences, room service, limousines from the airport, workshop supplies and gifts. Currently, the district does not have an official policy regulating credit card use. Following the meeting, Becoats made a statement regarding his future actions. “We will continue to work on policies and procedures to enhance operations within the district, and I am going to continue to focus on academic achievement,” Becoats said. “Because at the end of the day that’s what’s most important—making sure our children are progressing.”
Duke also issues corporate cards, commonly called p-cards, to its employees for businessrelated purchases, but has strict policies governing card use. “The University has a check-and-balance system, and there are rules regulating what employees can spend on,” said Martha Reeves, the interim director and visiting professor of the Market and Management Studies department. P-cardholders have a $1,500 limit for purchases of goods and services, and a $3,000 limit for travel and event-related expenses, according to the Cardholder Manual on the Duke Financial Services website. Unauthorized purchases include personal use, medical supplies, controlled substances, animals and weapons. “Of course the cardholders cannot use the card to buy live animals or ammunitions,” said Roslyn Banks, business and finance staff specialist for the University Center Activities and Events. P-cardholders are required to obtain an original receipt for all purchases and to forward their financial statements to their department administration, along with brief descriptions detailing the business purpose, the manual states. All p-card transactions must be approved by the cardholder’s immediate supervisor or a senior official in the department. “The department chair reviews the receipt and checks if there are any red flags,” Reeves said. “If a professor wants to invite a guest speaker for dinner, there needs to be a list of the names of guests present at the dinner. One
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The Chronicle GRAD SCHOOL COVERAGE
Scientist discusses key to Bengal tiger conservation by Carleigh Steihm The ChroniCle
Conservation scientist Ullas Karanth, an expert in Bengal tiger conservation, argued that the key to wildlife conservation lies in the cross-section of science and politics. At his lecture Tuesday evening—entitled “recovering nature in emerging india: The Tiger as a Case Study”—Karanth explained that his methods of conservation can be used as a model for other nations struggling with conversation. Despite predictions of their extinction by the year 2000, the Bengal tigers have survived, thereby representing the possibilities for successful conservation methods globally.
“Conservation is about being optimistic, but cautiously optimistic,” Karanth said. in the past 30 years, 93 percent of the tiger habitat has been lost, Karanth said. he added that many people question if there is room for tigers in places like india where population densities are rapidly increasing. Karanth said that, in fact, it was possible, and the changes have already begun. Conservation methods are very political, Karanth said. in order for efforts to gain support and be successful, conservationists have to focus on marketing key, recognizable features of the habitat tigers See tiGers, page 4
Thanh-ha ngUYen/The ChroniCle
“Conservation is about being optimistic, but cautiously optimisic,” Ullas Karanth warned Tuesday.
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New athletic performance center opens doors to public by Aubrey Temple The ChroniCle
Duke is already well-known for its success in athletics, but the new Duke orthopaedic Performance Center will work to extend that success to all who seek it. The purpose of the Duke oPC is to train athletes—which they define as any individual with a human body—to perform better at the highest level of durability and to optimize their individual fitness levels, wrote robert Butler, director of the Duke oPC in an email oct. 17. The center officially opened to the public last month. it offers movement diagnostic assessments and training that identifies and corrects movement defects that are common following injuries. “The Duke oPC serves as an epicenter for the generation of a process to optimize movement in every athlete,” Butler wrote. “The world needs to and can move better, and the Duke oPC is here to lead that change in the community.” The new center will serve as a resource for patients who want additional support after the completion of their physical therapy programs. “Patients might perform well on their physical therapy tests, but might not feel ready to move at a normal level,” said Jay de leon, a physical therapist and movement coach at the center. “We bridge the gap between rehab and returning to normal functioning.” Butler noted that the Center’s movement tests are combined with cardiovascular monitoring to assess athletes’ readiness for training. De leon added that the functional movement tests, which are offered find places where a patient is likely to be injured. The test is often used by the national Football league
and police academies. “We use standard operating procedures to assess and dissect movement in such a way that we are able to build from the ground up in order to build better athletes,” he said. “We take a holistic approach to movement and collaborate with experts from around the world to develop our methods.” The facility also offers programs focused on running, golf, swimming, transitioning between sports and overall general fitness. each of these programs includes specialized assessments for the initial examination as well as follow-up training sessions. running and golf evaluations utilize 3-D biomechanics models for a more in-depth analysis and diagnosis. “last week, simultaneously training at the center was an nFl player rehabilitating after an injury, a golfer trying to improve her game and a retired professor working on his core stabilization to improve his back strength… and they were all working on their movement,” Butler wrote. The Duke oPC is a collaboration between the orthopaedics department, the Doctor of Physical Therapy program and the Department of Physical and occupational Therapy. Funding for the center came from various individual and group training clients, educational offerings and grants, Butler said. in addition, the Duke oPC is a cash-based performance clinic and does not require insurance authorization for treatment. The kinds of services the center offers do not fall under the Affordable Care Act, said Chief of the Doctor of Physical Therapy Division Michel landry, but are important to people in See OrtHO, page 5
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he Duke University Graduate School proudly presents the 2013 Dean’s Awards for Excellence in Mentoring to recognize DEADLINE the considerable efforts FOR and accomplishments NOMINATIONS: of faculty and graduate November 15, students who consistently 2013 serve as effective mentors. Designed to identify those in the Graduate School community who embody both the letter and spirit of mentoring, these awards have taken their place among the university’s continuing efforts to cultivate a culture of mentoring. Visit the award Web site at
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DOMA from page 1 “i’m really disappointed,” she said. “Drew’s questions were very clear.” Clark also expressed frustration that Cooper himself did not respond to reisinger. instead, the response came from Chief Deputy Attorney General Grayson Kelley. More broadly, Clark said that she does not feel that her rights are respected as long as Amendment one stands. For example, Clark and McCrory cannot file joint taxes, even if they get married in another state. “i believed when Amendment one in north Carolina was proposed that it was against the United States Constitution,” Clark said. “And i still strongly believe that.” Clark and McCrory will travel to new York, where same-sex marriage licenses are issued, to get married this week. officials in other states, including Pennsylvania Attorney General Kathleen Kane and new Jersey Governor Chris Christie, have refused to defend state laws banning same-sex marriage. Technically, reisinger could approve the marriage licenses, but the state of north Carolina could take legal action, said neil Siegel, David W. ichel professor of law and professor of political science. reisinger feels, however, that he would need legal approval from the Attorney General’s office in order to approve the licenses that he has under consideration. “our Attorney General is the chief legal advisor for the state of north Carolina, and in my opinion when there’s a matter of how to proceed, he’s the person we would go to on an issue like this,” reisinger said. “if he were to say that it was unconstitutional for me to deny licenses to same-sex couples, i would have gladly granted them.” rev. Jasmine Beach-Ferrara, executive director of the Campaign for Southern equality, helped to arrange for the same-sex couples in Buncombe County to submit their licenses. She said she empathized with Cooper, who is bound to enforce a law that he does not support, but hoped that Cooper would take another look at the legality of Amendment one. Beach-Ferrara said that as far as she knows, this is the first time that same-sex marriage licenses have been accepted by a local official in the South. “We were very encouraged to see [Cooper] come out and express his public support for marriage equality and we’re hopeful that this
4 | WEDNESDay, OCTOBER 23, 2013
presents a reason for him to take a fresh look at the legal questions before him,” Beach-Ferrara said. “The legal landscape around lGBT rights is changing so quickly on a national level.” The legal path forward on Amendment one is not a straightforward issue, however. Siegel said the time it would take for the AClU case to make its way through the federal court system is unclear. it is also unclear as to whether Cooper could declare Amendment one unconstitutional if he decided to do so without that decision being challenged and reversed in court, Seigel said.
SECURITY from page 2 clinical research coordinator of the Data Management Solutions Team. “Whenever [attackers] think there’s a window that you’ll be more vulnerable, you’ll see spikes [in attacks] in that time,” epps said. A large number of attacks are routinely blocked, Biever said. Around 600,000 network-based attacks on Duke computers are blocked every day. Additionally, of the 130 to 140 million messages received every month, 90 percent of them are automatically blocked before ever reaching somebody at Duke because the security system recognizes it as spam or phishing, Biever said. Biever said the most important thing for the future is working with students to continue to raise awareness of cyber security. “[it’s about] finding that balance of helping the community, [keeping] computer security and at the same time continue to promote the freedom and openness we’ve come to expect in these ideas of academic freedom,” Biever said. oiT analyst harrison Muse said students should keep cyber security in mind because it is becoming increasingly important. “All your communications are online now [and] people are putting all of their information on social networks like Facebook,” Muse said. “if you don’t secure that information, that can be a bad thing.” Freshman Zack reavis said he stopped by the table in front of Perkins library because he had gotten viruses on his old
computers and his friend had his email hacked multiple times. “he tried getting on it and it said [the] password’s been changed, and he had to change it and things were deleted,” reavis said. The iT security office is also hosting three lunch seminars on various security topics throughout the month, as well as a “Phishing Tournament” on their website. Students, faculty and staff can read up on information about phishing and then take a phishing quiz for the chance to win an iPad Mini.
ephant, Karanth was able to overcome the obstacle. over the next 20 years, Karanth observed the behaviors and problems that the tigers faced and saw them relatively overcome. “The populations are sustaining, thriving and doing very well,” Karanth said. William Chameides, dean of the nicholas School of the environment, noted the significance of this and similar projects on the conservation of wildlife. “The study of the environment impacts more than just the environment,” Chameides said, noting that the health of the earth impacts the emotional, physical and economic wellbeing of the world. from page 3 At the end of the lecture, Chameides live in. presented Karanth with a painting of an “When i say tiger conversation, i mean ibis, which represent bravery because they all this,” Karanth said, referencing all of are the last birds to leave before a hurrithe animals that coexist in the tiger habi- cane. tat. “i truly believe that we can at sometime hunting and fires also pose large have over 50,000 tigers in india again,” threats to the habitats in india. Karanth said. “Tourism is potentially a very powerful tool to promote conservation,” Karanth said. “But dangerous if not properly manfrom page 2 aged.” he added that, though conservation is bringing in large amounts of money to can’t just write down ‘dinner.’” india, this monetary flow can increase corAlthough student groups can utilize the ruption, so much of it does not go to help school’s p-cards as well, their use is regulated the habitats. by the UCAe. Despite these setbacks, Karanth said “Student organizations have to file a pthat the situation in india is improving card request to us, and they can use the card and can serve as a model for other conser- if they want to host a house dinner, invite a DJ vation efforts. for an event or any other activities as long as Because of the traditional polytheistic they have funds left in their accounts,” Banks religion in india, many people feel pas- said. “And we need to have receipts for everysionately about preserving wildlife but lack thing.” an understanding as to how to make conBanks and reeves both noted that p-card servation a reality. abuses have been uncommon. in addition to “The idea that you can have space the department review process, receipts unfor animals—that other creatures need dergo a second check with the University acspace—is acceptable,” Karanth said. counting department, said reeves. But the efforts to promote conservaP-card transactions without proper docution must be driven by science, Karanth mentation are written off by employee Travel said. he began studying tigers in 1986, but & reimbursement. if the cardholder has found it hard to put trackers on the ani- three or more transactions written off in a mals. quarter, cardholder privileges are suspended “They are not as easy to catch as mice,” for 30 days for the first occurrence, 60 days he said. for a second occurrence and on the third oche found the solution to catching the currence the card will be suspended permatigers by using a mix of modern and tra- nently, according to the manual. ditional methods used by ancient indian “There is a lot of trust involved in the prohunters. Through a lure and a trained el- cess,” reeves said.
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The Chronicle Department. “That’s why the partnership with this has been so important. There’s been economic development there.” The program was instated in May 2006 after Durham Police noticed that a disproportionate amount of violent gun crimes, validated gang members and shots fired calls in a two-mile area of eastern Durham. The police force began operation Bull’s eye to reduce crime through increased focus on the area, and revealed in its report last week an overall decrease in violent crime by 39 percent in the target area since the program started. Smith noted that the implementation of the project was not merely an increase in law enforcement presence in the area, but also the establishment of community groups. Some of these groups are chaired by the east Durham Children’s initiative, an independent group that works with Durham police to develop services that meet the needs of children in east Durham. other groups put police officers in direct contact with the community, such as the Police reADS program, where officers read to children. The programs are intended to break perceived barriers between community members and police officers so that people feel comfortable approaching and talking to police officials. “We want to foster that relationship between the community and law enforcement and right now some of the stereotypes are some of the barriers,” Smith said. Phyllis Terry, who has worked at JC’s Kitchen for 15 years—a restaurant in the area targeted by operation Bull’s eye—noted that shifting neighborhood dynamics, as well as police involvement, have played a role in decreasing crime in recent years. Duke Chief of Police John Dailey said the effects of this program stretch far past the targeted district and its residents. “it can be helpful for everyone when regional communities have targeted crime suppression operations,” Dailey wrote in an email Monday. Still, the project is not without its challenges. it is difficult to guarantee consistent support and cooperation from law officials, Dailey said, adding that the initiative must aim for a long-term solution in order to be most effective. long-term, lasting effects are, in fact, the project’s goal, Smith said. in addition to creat-
ing community outreach programs, Durham police issue similar programs for the entirety of the city following monthly reports on crime. When district commanders notice a certain area is experiencing higher crime rates than the majority, an increase in police forces will be allotted to that area to alleviate the problem. Smith cautioned readers, however, to take crime reports with a grain of salt. “We always publish a report and every year, but we always caution readers and politicians that when you’re looking at crime, you never want to look at from one year to the next,” he said. “You want to look at least a five-year trend. You don’t boast a one-year drop just like you don’t go crazy when you have a one-year increase—unless it’s huge.”
PACT from page 1 conversations about the issues discussed,” howard said. “i hope that our community uses this opportunity to understand... what gender violence is and empower them to have dialogues about sexual consent.”
ORTHO from page 3 the local community. “The reality is funding for physical therapy services is complex,” landry said. “Some people are funded, some people are not. The Duke oPC offers training and funding for anyone that can move.” landry emphasized the educational aspects of the new center and the impact it can potentially have on students. “Another important feature of the Duke oPC is the student aspect,” landry said. “The center can offer opportunities for students such as shadowing and internships and fosters the promotion of innovation and ideas.” Duke oPC is currently working with corporate sponsors on a campaign called #designedtomove to change community health through improved movement. “Success of the Duke oPC is a healthier Durham, Durham County, rTP, north Carolina, U.S. and world,” Butler said. “if you are ready to move better or you need to move better we are here to catalyze that voice in the back of your head saying you are ready to be better today, because that is what we do every day.”
WEDNESDay, OCTOBER 23, 2013 | 5
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Finding a rhythm
Duke nets three goals at home en route to second-straight victory by Lucas Hubbard THE CHRONICLE
sports PHIL CATTERALL/THE CHRONICLE
Junior Sean Davis netted two of Duke’s three goals Tuesday night to give his team its second consecutive victory.
Duke has been hunting for the right goal-scoring algorithm this whole season, and that search continued in the first half Tuesday. But less than three minutes into the second half, the Blue Devils realized that the answer had been right there all along. Armed with a healthy dose of captain Sean Davis and set pieces, ELON 0 Duke cracked the DUKE 3 goal-scoring enigma not once but twice in a two-minute span, providing more than enough cushion for their stingy defense to hold on for an eventual 3-0 win against Elon Tuesday night at Koskinen Stadium. “We came out of the locker room knowing we needed three points tonight—we needed the win,” Davis said. “We weren’t happy with the first half performance, so we really pushed the tempo.” Goalkeeper Alex Long didn’t have to make any saves as he recorded his sixth shutout of the season. The Blue Devils (6-4-5) held Elon (10-4-1) to just three shots overall and only one in their dominant second half effort. See M. SOCCER page 9
From Durham to Durham
Durham University grad Cherry Seaborn has found a new home at Duke by Danielle Lazarus THE CHRONICLE
She may be from across the pond, but Durham is not an unfamiliar place for Cherry Seaborn. The graduate student joined the Duke field hockey team after spending three years at Durham University in the United Kingdom. “I obviously like my Durhams,” she said. When Seaborn graduated from the English university in 2013 after three years, she wasn’t ready to stop playing field hockey just yet. Armed with an extra year of eligibility and a desire to travel to America, Seaborn began to contact schools across the Atlantic. “Ever since I was in high school I’ve always wanted to… study in the United States,” she said. “I looked into different schools that were good academically and also at hockey, and Duke was one that really jumped out at me.” Yet Seaborn had never been to the United States before, except for a three-day trip to San Francisco. She knew little about most American colleges and was in the middle of her final exams during the formal recruitment process. Instead, she had to rely on emailing and calling interested schools herself and found out about many of them through word of mouth. Duke eventually emerged as her top choice due to its reputation, as many people in the United Kingdom recommended the school.
WEDNESday, OCTOBER 23, 2013 | 7
“I made my decision purely based on recommendations,” Seaborn said. “Duke has such a good name in England, and there were a lot of people who told me to go there. There were also some English girls [at Duke], so I talked to them too.” After exchanging emails with head coach Pam Bustin, Seaborn arrived in Durham, North Carolina in time for preseason in August. Although her trip to the Bull City marked only her second time on American soil, Seaborn came as no stranger to field hockey. At Durham University, she led her team to backto-back British University championships in 2012 and 2013. Seaborn was also named to England’s under-21 national team for each of her three years at university, and she earned a bronze medal with the team at the European Championships in 2012. Seaborn’s extensive experience has allowed her to make an immediate impact on Duke field hockey. The forward has started all 15 games so far this season and ranks third on the team with five goals, including three she scored during her first three games in Duke blue. Seaborn is one of the most accurate Blue Devil shooters, and she is tied for third with a .714 shots-on-goal percentage. Seaborn has especially been a key player late in games, as she See F. HOCKEY page 8
KHLOE KIM/CHRONICLE FILE PHOTO
A two-time British University champion during her time at Durham University, Cherry Seaborn already has five goals for Duke.
Introducing ‘Life of Cutcliffe’ In his weekly press conference Tuesday, head coach David Cutcliffe talked about the annual meeting of ACC football coaches, held on Amelia Island off the coast of eastern Florida. Cutcliffe described what goes on behind closed doors when the conference’s coaches get together during the spring. He indicated that while most people see college football in terms of numbers and statistics, the ACC coaches’ meetings focus more on the individual student-athletes. The talks revolve around issues like player safety, fair recruiting practices, academic standards and what policies are best for the league in general. The spring meeting serves as the primary venue to have conference-wide discussions about these important issues. Cutcliffe referred to the growing number of reality shows on television and indicated that he would like to see some cameras at the Amelia Island meetings to capture the true nature of what is really important to the ACC’s coaches. Cucliffe’s comments drew polite laughter from the media in attendance at the press conference then quickly took a backseat to the possibility of Duke winning its sixth game of the year this weekend against Virginia Tech and becoming bowl eligible. But I lingered on what Cutcliffe said. There really are an absurd amount of reality shows on television today. If Alabama’s Hoover High School football team can have its own show (Two-A-Days aired on MTV in 2006 and 2007), then I think it is high time Cutcliffe had a show of his own. Without further ado, I present the weekly reality show based on David Cutcliffe’s exploits as the head coach of the Duke University football team. We’ll call it ‘Life of Cutcliffe.’
Zac Elder On Football
Week 1 In the first episode, we are introduced to Coach Cutcliffe, or simply ‘Coach Cut.’ We also meet some of members of the football team, who are trying to make it to a bowl game for the second year in a row. This has never been done at Duke, and the potentially historic accomplishment has the football program buzzing. Coach K is caught on camera wearing a Duke football shirt. See ELDER page 9
8 | WEDNESDay, WEDNESday, OCTOBER 23, 2013 2013
Duke hones skills at ITA regional by Amrith Ramkumar The ChroniCle
The Blue Devils had their second consecutive successful tournament, holding their own against the best tennis players in north Carolina and South Carolina. After four of Duke’s more inexperienced players significantly improved at the Wake Forest Fall invitational, the whole team fed off the momentum and had several significant results at this weekend’s iTA Carolina regional at the Cary Tennis Park in Cary, n.C, which concluded Monday. Most notably, sophomore Michael redlicki, seeded third overall in the 128-player singles draw, advanced to the semifinals before falling 6-7 (7), 6-3, 6-2 to seventh seed Joran Vliegen of east Carolina. “This was definitely Michael’s best tournament of the fall,” head coach ramsey Smith said. “he won a lot of close matches and did a really good job of stepping up and playing aggressive tennis. i thought he was serving big and forcing the issue with his opponents.” even though three of Duke’s four best players from last season, junior rafael hemmeler and seniors Fred Saba and Chris Mengel, were sidelined due to injury, the Blue Devils that did compete made the most of their opportunities. “overall, it was definitely a good event for us,” Smith said. “The guys that we put out there did a really good job.... We had some big wins, and i thought most of our guys played really well.” redlicki also fared well in doubles, teaming up with junior Jason Tahir to earn the number one seed in the 64-team doubles draw that featured only a little more than 50 teams, meaning several teams got first round byes. redlicki and Tahir reached the semifinals before falling 8-4 to the 10th-seeded team of robbie Mudge and Sean Weber of north Carolina State. “[redlicki and Tahir] have a very good feeling of how to play together,” Smith said. “They complement each other’s games very well. They fell a little bit short in the semifinals, but overall it was a good showing.” Sophomore Bruno Semenzato also had a successful singles tournament, advancing to the quarterfinals as the 13th seed by upsetting fourth-seeded rafael Aita of UnC Wilmington 2-6, 6-2, 7-6 (5) before falling in straight sets to fifth-seeded Cameron Silver-
Eric Lin/ChroniCle file photo
Sophomore Michael Redlicki fell in the semifinals of the ITA Carolina regional but played his best tournament of the fall, head coach Ramsey Smith said. man of elon. Tahir added a strong showing in singles to his successful doubles tournament, winning three matches to advance to the round of 16. Silverman also took out the 12th-seeded Tahir 6-1, 3-6, 6-3. it was Tahir’s first tournament since he injured his elbow in July. “i was really happy to see him back on the court,” Smith said. “i thought he played incredibly well considering how few matches he’s played this year.” Silverman made a habit of terrorizing Blue Devils in the tournament, also defeating redshirt junior Cale hammond in the round of 64 by a score of 6-4, 2-6, 6-1. hammond, who won his singles draw at the Wake Forest Fall invitational to capture his first career college singles title, showed how much he has improved even in defeat by pushing the fifth-seeded Silverman to a third set. “Cale’s really made a big jump the second half of the fall,” Smith said. “i think the Wake Forest event gave him a boost of confidence, and he’s started to play a more aggressive style of game that we’ve been working on him with. he’s shown that he can play with the very top players.... it should give him a lot of confidence.”
hammond teamed with sophomore Daniel McCall in doubles. The pair won two matches 8-7 in tiebreakers before falling in the round of 16 to the second-seeded team of Aita and Sam Williams of UnC Wilmington 8-7 (2) in a tiebreaker. Aita and Williams went on to win the doubles championship. “i was really impressed with Dan and Cale,” Smith said. “They really showed some signs of great doubles and really complemented each other well.” other Blue Devils who won matches were freshman TJ Pura, who won two singles matches, sophomore and 16th-seeded Josh levine, who won one, and the doubles team consisting of Pura and Semenzato. After gaining so much valuable experience, Duke will wrap up its fall season with the Dick Vitale intercollegiate Clay Court Classic and USTA/iTA indoor nationals the weekend of nov. 8. Duke will likely send multiple competitors to both events. “We’ve made some nice jumps these last two tournaments,” Smith said. “We’re looking to get Fred and rafa [hemmeler] healthy to where they can get one more match in [the fall] and overall just to continue the trend of improvement these last two tournaments.”
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is tied for the team lead with two game-winning goals, both in overtime. “it’s been incredible,” she said. “it still feels surreal, the whole American college thing. i still have to pinch myself every time i go play.” Seaborn, however, recognizes many differences between Duke field hockey and the teams she played on in england, yet she says that those differences are all positive. She especially points to the higher quality of the facilities in the United States and how they enable a greater focus on athletic training. “Americans tend to focus more on fitness, and we didn’t do much weights [in england],” Seaborn said. “Just the facilities and opportunities and coaching staff are incredible and incomparable to anything back home. it was such a shock actually… we didn’t have our own locker room, even.” Seaborn is currently part of a Duke team that’s experiencing its best season since 2008 when it had a 12-3 record entering the second-to-last weekend of regular season play. of the 11 victories this year, Seaborn’s favorite moment as a Blue Devil was Duke’s shootout victory against north Carolina—although she had no idea about the rivalry before coming to Tobacco road. “i didn’t really feel the rivalry because i’ve only been here a couple of months,” she said. “But i’ve gotten really close to the team, and just to play a game that meant so much to them… that was something really special to be a part of.” But Seaborn’s number one highlight came before she put on a Blue Devil uniform—stepping off the plane at raleigh-Durham international Airport. “Just getting off the plane and arriving here, i can’t say how incredible it is to be in a place like this,” she said. “Just in terms of… how friendly everyone is, it’s really been a magical experience.” As Duke’s season and her final year of collegiate field hockey draw to a close, Seaborn is beginning to think about the future. A candidate for a Master in Management Studies degree from Fuqua’s one-year program, Seaborn hopes to get a job somewhere in the United States. luckily for her, there are 10 other cities named Durham across the country—although the chances are slim she’ll pick her next destination based off its name. “[The name Durham] didn’t factor into my college decision, but it did make it seem like the right decision when i walked up and entered Durham after just having left Durham,” Seaborn said. “it made me feel a little bit more at home. i definitely like my Durhams.”
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Cutcliffe steals the show from its very first scenes. The shows initial viewer ratings get a huge boost thanks to Cut’s smooth Alabama accent. (Shortly after the first episode airs, Bojangles hires Cutcliffe on a one-year contract to appear in their sweet tea advertisements due to the public’s infatuation with his Southern drawl.) Week 3 Duke has started the season off 2-0, something the program hasn’t done since 1998. The university’s student body population seems somewhat unconcerned with the team’s early-season success, but the football program is clearly on the upswing. By this point the show’s fans are growing accustomed to some of Cutcliffe’s habitual sayings and personal anecdotes. When Cut talks about ‘explosives,’ viewers no longer wonder what bombs have to do with college football (explosives are Cutcliffe’s term for big offensive plays). After hearing countless stories, viewers also have a decent idea of how much backyard football Cutcliffe played as a child and how those experiences have translated to the college level. Week 8 The highlight of this week’s episode is a phone conversation between Coach Cut and Thad lewis, a former Duke quarterback now starting for the Buffalo Bills. Viewers get a sense of how much Cut cares about his former players as he congratulates lewis on his recent victory over the Miami Dolphins. Cutcliffe also
In Kakuro you must place the digits 1 to 9 into a grid of squares so that each horizontal or vertical run of white squares adds up to the clue printed either to the left of or above the run. Numbers below a diagonal line give the total of the white squares below; numbers to the right of a diagonal line give the total of the white squares to the right.
gets a call from eli Manning, his star quarterback from his days at Mississippi. Cut congratulates Manning and his first win of the season, and the two share a laugh about Peyton’s new underwear commercial (Cut also coached eli’s older brother.) The show’s producers decide to get a better idea of what the football players are up to off the field. After hearing that the team is headed to a western-themed bar called Shooters ii following the big win on Saturday, the cameras trail the Blue Devils there. After some debate, it is decided that if the footage is aired on major television networks the show might be cancelled. The producers were nervous about airing content that might violate the FCC’s restrictions on indecent programming prior to 10:00 p.m. Duke students who watch the show respond in droves, expressing their gratitude for the decision not to air the footage. Week 16 Duke finishes the year with a winning record and receives a bowl bid. The show finishes on a high note and brings home the emmy for best reality television program, barely edging out ‘The Voice’ for the top spot. Cutcliffe signs a new contract and the show makes plans to follow the Blue Devils in 2014. Unfortunately someone leaks the forgotten-about footage from Shooters ii, and a strong public outcry results in the show’s cancellation. Coach Cut is relieved to be out of the limelight and the Duke football team gears up for the 2014 season and a chance at a third-consecutive post season appearance.
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Davis provided the initial firepower for the home team just 25 seconds into the second stanza. After an initial push by Duke, the ball fell to nick Palodichuk, the hero in the team’s 1-0 win against Boston College Friday. But, with a sea of defenders between him and the goal, the midfielder found Davis at the top of the box. The captain uncorked a curling strike from 20 yards out that found the upper right corner and left Phoenix goalie nathan Dean helpless. “it was a great buildup. Chucky laid it off to me perfectly, and i was able to hit it perfectly and get it over the goalie,” Davis said. “i think that really kick-started the half, and we were able to cruise the rest of the way.” not even two minutes later, Duke struck again off a corner, with Brody huitema depositing Palodichuk’s service into the back of the cage. it was a case of quality over quantity for Duke, as 15 minutes into the second half, the squad had only two shots on goal and a 2-0 lead. Davis closed out the scoring with ten minutes left in the frame from the penalty spot after midfielder luis rendon was crossed by a Phoenix defender. Davis picked a spot to the left of the keeper and slammed it home. For Davis, whose penalty kick attempt against Virginia Tech earlier this season was saved, it was a rewarding strike. “You have to have a short memory when you play this game, and you can’t dwell on mistakes,” Davis said. “i’m happy i put that behind me, and i was able to convert the penalty, and that gave us a 3-0 result that was pretty comfortable the whole way through.” The first half Tuesday was a war of attri-
tion, as the Blue Devils could only muster one shot while the Phoenix had a measly two. neither of the keepers made any saves, although both teams manufactured a few dangerous opportunities. Duke center backs Zach Mathers and Sebastian ibeagha, under the constant vocal tutelage of long, limited the elon attack greatly. But with six minutes remaining in the first half, Daniel lovitz broke in through the left side, and ibeagha had to make a desperate challenge from behind. Despite complaints from the elon bench, no penalty was given. elon threatened again in the 44th minute, but Caue Da Silva fired a volley just north of the Blue Devil goal from ten yards out, and the two teams entered the break knotted at zero. having seen elon play at the nike invitational in Durham earlier in the year gave Duke a good idea of what they needed to do to keep the Phoenix off the scoreboard. “We tried to stop their service into [striker Jason Waterman]. he’s a very good player, but Seb [ibeagha] and [Zach Mathers] did a great job and prevented him from getting many touches on the ball,” Kerr said. “And if we can prevent him from getting touches on the ball, then they can’t get into the play. i thought we did a really good job defensively.” The Blue Devils have allowed just one goal over the past five contests, and, with the win, they improve to 9-0-3 all-time against their neighbors to the west. With only three games remaining before the ACC tournament, it was clear how important it was for Duke to come away from Tuesday with three points. “[At halftime], i told them the season was on the line here,” Kerr said. “Fair play to the boys—they stepped it up and jumped on elon.”
T h e i n d e p e n d e n T d a i ly aT d u k e u n i v e r s i T y
A LAMP to light the way One week ago, the Bacca Foundation donated $5 million towards a new Language Arts and Media Program that will be known as LAMP. This program will serve as an addition to the Thompson Writing Program and will teach freshmen writing skills for traditional and new media. Although there is always value gained by allocating money to already existing programs in order to improve them, we understand that donors decide how their donations are used. We laud the Bacca Foundation for recognizing the importance of language arts and media as an under-funded facet of academic life. Writing for traditional forms of media—such as print journalism—and for new forms of media— such as Internet writing—differ significantly, and for that reason alone, there is value in a program like LAMP. There are four primary ways Internet writing differs from print journalism. First, the Internet requires writers to fight for the viewer’s attention. Because there are external links, advertisements and other distractions online, writing must be concise and efficient. Second, the Internet has a wider, more sporadic audience than print forms of media, such as magazines and newspapers, which often
have a very specific audience. Thus, Internet writing must be simpler in order to appeal to a broader array of readers.
Editorial Third, language on the Internet is often less detailed than general paper writing. In online media, a writer must convey a point faster than he or she would have to in print journalism. Fourth, in online media, the definition of authority or expertise changes. Social media is an expanding new source of information, in which the authors of tweets or Facebook statuses are generally not professionals, as print media authors tend to be. For these reasons, LAMP is an important program for Duke. We have outlined three areas LAMP should examine. First, those implementing the program should determine the ideal mix of clarity and depth in online writing, and direct the program to preserve the elegant and concise writing style often lost in much of today’s writing and particularly absent in online media platforms. The quality of writing should remain constant regardless of platform, and
onlinecomment The primary interest of DukeEngage is to spark business and professional relations with the countries in question. The countries will never get anywhere when all people want to do when they go to Africa is build schools and post pictures to Facebook...
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LAMP should attempt to preserve the essence of writing as its primary goal. Second, LAMP should preserve the journalistic language of the past while simultaneously linking this writing to the future of media. The Internet stipulates new constraints that journalism has never had to face. Ensuring eloquent and articulate language in a medium that prompts quick scanning of articles is a difficult line to draw, and one that LAMP must attempt to define. Third, LAMP should train students to use online platforms effectively and credibly. LAMP has the opportunity to shape how students perceive content on the Internet. Blogs, for instance, are generally considered poorly sourced opinions, and LAMP can teach students how to blog in an informative, well-sourced manner that could potentially improve the future credibility of blogs. In this way, LAMP can teach its students that, whether writing for print or online, sourcing is powerful and improves the legitimacy of an argument. LAMP has the potential to teach Duke students how to effectively write online. In the process, the program may help to improve the credibility of online sources. We hope Duke grabs their LAMP and lights a new path forward.
he Netherlands has some skeletons in its closet. Nine times out of 10, when I tell someone that I’m Dutch (and they don’t ask me if I’ve ever been to Copenhagen), I am immediately hit with stories about that one amazing and barely remembered weekend he or she spent in Amsterdam. But my birth country’s cultural skeletons don’t carry
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The the Chronicle chronicle
10 | wednesday, WEDNESday, OCTOBER october 23, 9, 2013 2013
Joline Doedens wait a minute
the sweet pungent smell of American college students on a life-altering summer backpacking experience through Europe. Unfortunately, Dutch tradition has a very engrained example of racism. One that I did not even realize existed until I was a teenager. Until Hallmark holidays crossed the Atlantic Ocean, Dutch families did not celebrate Christmas Eve in anticipation of the arrival of a rotund, jolly, white-bearded man on the roof in a flying sled pulled by reindeer. Even in the postHallmark age, the majority of families in the Netherlands continue to celebrate Sinterklaas, which some argue is a more authentic celebration of Saint Nicholas. Interestingly, the celebration is almost completely devoid of religious overtones, and Saint Nicholas’s bishop’s attire has become more like Santa’s suit than an indication of any affiliation with the Catholic Church. All year long, Dutch children face the choice of being rewarded by Sinterklaas (Dutch for Saint Nicholas), or being punished by Zwarte Piet (“Black Pete”). For most of the year, Sinterklaas lives somewhere in Spain, keeping track of every Dutch child’s good and bad behavior. His helpers, the Zwarte Pieten, keep watch over Dutch children and help him make presents in much the same way that Santa’s elves labor all year long. In the middle of November, about two to three weeks before the original Saint Nicholas’s feast day on December 6, Sinterklaas and the Zwarte Pieten make travel by steamboat north to the Netherlands and arrive with much fanfare and singing. One of the principal characters of the Dutch version of Sesame Street welcomed Sinterklaas for many years, and the mayor of whichever Dutch city Sinterklaas arrives in usually gives an official welcoming speech. Between his arrival in the country and the eve of his feast day, children set out their shoes by the chimney, sing songs and leave carrots behind for Sinterklaas’s horse in the hope that he will ride his horse over the rooftops during the night and leave a small present behind. When I was a little, I fervently believed in
Sinterklaas, and I assumed that Sinterklaas’s helpers had black faces because they had to go down the chimneys to put the presents in children’s shoes. Not once did the thought cross my mind that the Zwarte Pieten did not look like younger versions of Sinterklaas himself, but in slightly more colorful and court jester-like clothing. In January of 2013, the Office of the United Nations High Commission for Human Rights sent a letter to the Kingdom of the Netherlands, reporting allegations that “the character and image of Black Pete perpetuate a stereotyped image of African people and people of African descent as secondclass citizens, fostering an underlying sense of inferiority within Dutch society and stirring racial differences as well as racism.” These allegations did not surprise me, as any bystander with an awareness of the racial implications of colonialism, and particular of the reverberating effects of the slave trade, would be confused by such an overt display of racism in a country known for its support of human rights. Specifically, as the letter points out, the Netherlands is a part to both the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, as well as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, all of which prohibit discrimination against people of African descent. The Dutch Government’s response clearly finds that it is dealing with the situation. While acknowledging, “‘Black Pete’ is considered by some to be offensive,” the Government maintains that adequate recourse is available to those who believe they have been subjected to discrimination. Before pointing to heightened criminal sanctions for discrimination, the Government defines Sinterklaas as “a traditional children’s festival,” where “the focus is on Sinterklaas as a figure who hands out presents, and the festival is celebrated in many different ways by different Dutch people.” Is this an effective way to combat discrimination? Is the maintenance of a centuries-old tradition worth risking the continuing portrayal of Africans and people of African descent as inferior to their historical colonizers? I don’t think so. I don’t think it would very difficult to change the narrative, even if the change begins by changing the explanation to what I assumed so many years ago. Rather than be Sinterklaas’s Moorish helpers, perhaps the Zwarte Pieten could be perpetually covered in chimney soot. From there, perhaps the Dutch could change the narrative further to remove color from the equation entirely, without depriving children of the chance to believe in a magical source of presents. Joline Doedens is a second-year law student. Her column runs every other Wednesday. Send Joline a message @ jydoedens.
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Let’s talk about sex, baby
uke’s campus is frigid, and it isn’t just the change of seasons. So now that it’s Gender Violence Awareness Week, I’m taking this excuse to get raunchy. I’ve dabbled in mild sexual references and unnecessary innuendos, but now I have some questions I want answered. I present to you: intimate inquiries. 1. How can girls be good at sex?
Lillie Reed wumbology The only articulated sex advice I’ve ever gotten is from Cosmo. This basically taught me two things: use teeth on blowjobs, and put your finger up your dude’s butt. Due to the looks of sheer terror I get when sharing these tricks and tips with males, I think this may not actually be advisable. Now, I’ve had no trouble in the past Jackin’ the beanstalk, and my gland-to-gland combat skills have received positive reviews. But I’m fairly certain if you f--k with a penis for long enough (literally or… slightly less literally) the Oreo becomes double-stuffed and the creamy filling comes out. I’d really appreciate a handout or a PowerPoint or maybe an instructional video. We’ll call it Sexing for Ladies: How to Drain Your Dragon. 2. How do you operate an uncircumcised penis? In my life as a sexual being, I’ve had the pleasure of being with almost entirely black and/or Jewish men—both groups that typically like their hot dogs without buns. Recently, though, I’ve met a man or two who wear tiny, perpetual turtlenecks. Now I have no problem with penises “au naturel,” but as the chosen person of many of God’s Chosen People, I was shocked when I found a c--k wearing a sock. I’m ashamed to admit it, but I straight out abandoned ship. I flipped over and engaged cuddle mode. Gentiles, foreigners—what am I supposed to do?? I’m gonna need some instruction because when that thing’s adanglin’, all my usual points of reference are covered in penis mitten. 3. Where dem girls at? Sexuality isn’t a choice, but I’m of the belief that everyone should at least consider the possibility they might like some diversity in their sexual diet. Yet as I’ve gone through my Bicurious George phase (results: I’m Beyoncé-sexual), I’ve noticed there are few out lesbians and bisexual women on Duke’s campus. My hope is Duke’s culture is not actually as cold to lesbian woman as it must be to discourage so many women from coming out. Instead, I hope lesbian women secretly know Facebook is already near peak “like” capacity with only gay men out and about on our newsfeeds. 4. Have I had an orgasm? Whenever you see women getting off on TV (I’m not into porn, but something tells me they’re doin’ it too), it sounds like they’re getting murdered slowly through the vagina. I think I’ve had good sexcapades, but nothing has ever made me re-
vert into a cow giving birth. Does this mean I’ve never had an orgasm? I know many girls left hanging perpetually in anticlimax. Am I one of those girls? If I haven’t after all this time, I think I must accept that I am not meant to be happy and God hates me. So this isn’t really a question so much as a proposition. Men of Duke: If you think you’re up to the challenge of sexing someone to the point of devolving into a Neanderthal, by all means, do like Selena Gomez and when you’re ready, come ‘n get it, na-na-na. 5. Are you feeling it NOW, Mr. Krabs? I’ve always been a fan of dirty everything. Kinky shit, dirty talk—I’m willing to try anything (for explanation, see Number 4). But sometimes I think I go from gettin’ weird to just plain weird. I’m talking in-sex jokes. How far is too far? Is sex really THAT inappropriate of a time to perfect my Chewbacca impression? Is a quick handy not made that much more exciting if I shout in my best Patrick voice, “FIRMLY GRASP IT!” Why would I ask, “Do you like that?” when I could yell, “WHO LOVES ORANGE SODA?!” 6. What makes a slut? My openness about sex has led some to assume things about my lifestyle. Men and women alike have assumed I am “easy” or “slutty.” Well, here’s a shocking confession: I’m not really a fan of sex outside of a relationship, and random Duke boys have, for the most part, not tickled my fancy (figuratively or literally). But if I did casually hook up? There would not be one thing wrong with that. In Duke and American culture alike, women can be deemed “sluts” for basically anything. Whether it’s because you casually hook up, have sex, your sexuality defies heteronormative standards or even if you’re just too confident for some man or woman’s liking—the slut label could be stamped on your forehead. Men, however, can bang 15 chicks and all they get is high-fives. And herpes. These double standards hurt everyone, but mostly women. The “slut” label is dismissive. “Sluts” must change their personality and/or behavior, or be invalidated as a relational partner, professional and worthwhile person. The “slut” concept has even been used to explain away sexual assault. Women are expected to be available sexual objects, but are slut-shamed for having sex, promoting a culture where sexual violence is normalized and victims are blamed. You don’t need to hook up to be a feminist. But accepting safe, consensual sex as a normal and healthy part of the lives of men AND women can only be a good thing. Whether it’s checking ourselves when we slut-shame or living life unapologetically, we can all help to reduce rape culture. Living a shame and shaming-free lifestyle could increase women’s comfort on campus, put less pressure on men to perform and create a more harmonious social scene. Plus, seriously. Think about all the awesome sex we’ll have.
Walk out on charles Murray
man is stealing your home, poisoning your food and burning the forests around you, all the while explaining why you should thank him. Maybe you are allowed to question his genius, and maybe he answers. Some nod; others frown. And you watch the flames rise, knowing at least you have engaged in “discourse.” Last week, I learned via Facebook that the American Enterprise Institute plans to bring Charles Murray to speak at Duke. Finding little background information
been programmed into that kind of work ethic—poor things. This is Charles Murray: a straight, white, libertarian man who, in high school, burned a cross on a hill with his buddies, a guy raised in a country club neighborhood where gentlemen like his father, a Maytag executive, “worked, golfed and voted Republican together.” He has built a career espousing a hierarchy of humans in which babies born poor, brown or female are responsible for their own miserable lot.
Prashanth Kamalakanthan subalternatives listed, I compiled some myself to add to the page. The note I quickly composed included, among others, the following details: Charles Murray is perhaps best known for the 1994 book he co-authored, “The Bell Curve.” A columnist at the New York Times called it “a scabrous piece of racial pornography,” blasting the thesis that black people are genetically less intelligent than whites as “just a genteel way of calling somebody a n----r.” Months after its publication, a FAIR report found that “nearly all of the research Murray and [his co-author Richard Herrnstein] relied on for their central claims about race and IQ was funded by The Pioneer Fund,” which has been described as a “neo-Nazi organization” by the Telegraph. The Fund’s founder, Wickliffe Draper, supported shipping blacks back to Africa, and its first president, Harry Laughlin, called for the forced sterilization of the “genetically unfit,” testifying in Congress that 83 percent of Jewish immigrants were “innately feeble-minded.” Murray’s book lauds Laughlin as “a biologist who was especially concerned about keeping up the American level of intelligence by suitable immigration policies.” “The Bell Curve” also acknowledges how it “benefitted especially from the advice of” Richard Lynn, identified as “a leading scholar of racial and ethnic differences.” A vocal eugenicist, Lynn is known for penning such charmers as: “What is called for here is not genocide, the killing off of the population of incompetent cultures. But we do need to think realistically in terms of the ‘phasing out’ of such peoples… Evolutionary progress means the extinction of the less competent. To think otherwise is mere sentimentality.” Today, we find Charles Murray on a speaking tour for his latest book, “Coming Apart: The State of America, 1960-2010.” In it, he laments a diverging America where culturally and genetically inferior poor people largely reproduce among themselves, and the isolated rich hoard all their perfection. The problem isn’t, say, that an overwhelmingly white, male and educated group (call them “investment bankers”) have made record profits at the expense of minorities and the impoverished, along the way orchestrating a financial crisis that has intensified class inequalities and produced historic wealth disparities between white and minority households. It’s that the proles just haven’t
Lillie Reed is a Trinity senior. Her column is part of the weekly Socialites feature and runs every other Wednesday. Send Lillie a message on Twitter @LillieReed.
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And, still, all of that would be fine if those of us poor, brown and female didn’t have to suffer by him. Because Murray’s talk—as some of the event’s organizers have tried to argue—is not simply about talking, as if in a coffee shop. It’s about lived relations of exploitation and the packaging in which they are marketed. Someone may well pose a question after his lecture on October 28 that makes him look like a racist or sexist or worse, but will it matter? Bill Clinton has already cited him in his decision to slash welfare to struggling families, stating Murray “did the country a great service”—a country, incidentally, whose single mothers both work longer hours and live in deeper poverty than those in other high-income nations. Charles Koch, the billionaire industrialist who has invested millions of dollars opposing action on climate change, filling universities with rightwing economists and engineering Tea Party takeovers of states like North Carolina among other forays, names Murray as one of “the authors who have had the most profound influence on his own political philosophy.” The 170,000 jobless North Carolinians who’ve lost federal unemployment benefits, the half million denied Medicaid coverage, the 30,000 kids now without pre-K programs… one could say they all met Charles Murray before his upcoming visit. If only they could have had a little Q&A. A common response to my opposition against such speakers as Charles Murray or David Petraeus mistakes my dissent for a desire for silence. Daylight as disinfectant for odious views, free and fair exchange, goes the refrain. Where, though, is the disinfectant for the exploitation excused by these views, the fairness in the vast sums spent by those who profit by turning them into policy? No, all I want is to protest the world Charles Murray’s words perpetuate. He may preach that the powerful—those who can starve and sicken human bodies—are good and righteous, and we may have to listen in our lecture halls, legislatures and foreclosed living rooms. But the bodies are ours, and with them we can build our own power. We can walk out. Prashanth Kamalakanthan is a Trinity senior. His column runs every other Wednesday. Send Prashanth a message on Twitter @ pkinbrief.
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RACE IN SPACE OCTOBER 25-26, 2013
HEALTHIER COSMIC than
Dr. Mae Jemison Friday, October 25, 5pm CONFERENCE
Saturday, October 26 This two-day conference seeks to explore the issues of race, culture and nationality in the colonization of space stations, planets and stars in space. It will highlight astronauts, researchers, artists and authors who have studied both the realities and imaginative events involving the dynamics of race and space settlements. Four panels will discuss: Speculative Fiction: Space Settlements Under Conditions of Ethnic Diversity STEM Fields in Space Rayla 2212: Afrofuturism, Space and the Imagination Logistics of Space Exploration (Specific Planets) and Space Travel DUKE SPONSORS Department of African & African American Studies Department of Cultural Anthropology Department of Sociology Office of the Dean of Arts & Sciences Office of the Dean of Social Sciences Office of the Provost Program in Literature Research Network on Racial and Ethnic InEquality The Council for the Arts, Office of the Provost
FOOD cosmic fresh
Old School Veggie Burrito Regular Chicken Burrito Cheese Quesadilla Chicken Quesadilla VeggieNachos Chips & Salsa
$2.86 $5.65 $1.41 $3.59 $4.12 $2.06
1920 1/2 Perry St. at Ninth Street Just a block from East Campus
Open until 4 am
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